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"national association colored women" Discussed on C-SPAN Radio
"That is the culmination of the work that women like Holly Quinn ground and those associated with the National Association. Color women had long done. And still, American women do not have the unqualified right to vote, even in 2020 the voter suppression tactics. Um, that kept women from the polls in 1920 have changed. And yet we recognize the way in which voter I d laws shuttered polling places. Exact match requirements, the purging of voter rolls. Continue to deprive American women of the vote, including women of the color the policies of voting officials, which do not care take the right to vote are still with us as we watch officials on fumble on BMIs the mark in ensuring that we All of us will get to the polls in November, 1920 Still, I think it's important to say that much has changed from that. A great deal about the political landscape for African American women in 2020. Was for some Americans of imaginable in for many Americans on Speak Herbal 100 years ago. Martha Jones is a history professor at Johns Hopkins University. Her book Vanguard. We can point to the ways in which African American women today organized, deliberate and vote as a bloc still changing the outcomes in state and local. But even in a contest of national consequence, a point to 19 sorry 2017 Andre Alabama's special Senate election. Where African American women not only turned out disproportionately, they ensure that the Democratic candidate Doug Jones, goes to the U. S Senate. They flipped that feet from red to blue. We could look ahead to the ballots that many of us will cast in November and discover that somewhere between 128 130. Black women are running for seats in Congress this season. This is a number that dwarfs the record, which had been said in 2016. That number had been 48 black women coming to Washington as a political force no longer as nearly first. And none of us have escaped. The fact of Senator Kamila Harris is nomination to the Democratic ticket. Perhaps like me, you tuned in for her acceptance speech. It was a historic moment. Certainly. But Senator Harris told us something about the history that have brought us there. She spoke directly about her own mother and the influence of her mother's education guidance and roll a zoo, a role model. Her mother Azaz, one of the women on whose shoulders she was standing in the summer of 2020. And then Senator Harris named checked six women, six women who are very much woven into the story that I had shared with you. This afternoon. There was Mary Church, Terrel. Theo, educator education activist, The first president of the National Council of Negro. Excuse me. The National Association of Colored Women on Ida B. Wells, the journalist, social scientist of anti suffrage, activist and suffragist was also named checked by comma Harris on there was Mary McLeod Bethune of Florida who I've introduced, Diana was on Senator Harris's list on the architect of the Selma campaign at a woman who worked untiringly and courageously through the flock. City of non violence to strategically win for black Americans, many of the civil rights victories that we associate with that era, including that of the Voting rights Act. Fannie Lou Hamer from Mississippi who's Who's grassroots organizing and Paralleled courage in the state of Mississippi brought her before news cameras both still and moving, including in 1964 during that year's Democratic National Convention when he murdered two cried that convention and those who would see a Mississippi delegation Had failed to get there by the ascent of black voters in the state. Fannie Lou Hamer, looking toe up, turn the social order the racial order, the political order in Mississippi and across the country and doing it before national news cameras and last, Senator Harris Invoked Constance Baker moderate, Motley, not only a law graduate. That's something she certainly shared with Senator Harris, but a member of the N double A. C. P s legal team. I'm doing that essential litigation work to challenge Jim Crow in the realm of political rights. Yeah. Constance Baker Motley, who goes on to run for office hold office in the city of New York and in the New York State Legislature. And then, of course, will be appointed to the federal bench. The first black woman to sit there appointed by President Lyndon Johnson. These are the women who today, um, still grapple with the legacies and the fact of voter suppression in our own time. Surely, but they do so with a new It was sort of access a new sort of influence and do so as a force in American politics. So with that, I think I'll end and say Thank you again. So much to all our host for convening us yet again in this wonderful syriza of conversations, and I think I'm going to invite back. Seeing Campbell. If I'm not mistaken, Jane is going to join me for some conversation. And I think for some question and answer, so thanks, Jane for for doing this with me. Thank you so much mercy for that informative presentation. It really is so much to think about and so much to understand. Um, I have a couple of questions myself, and then we're starting to get some questions from our audience. And I would remind the audience that you can put your questions in the Q and a box and I will try to make sure that we get as many asked this possible while we have Dr Jones with us. I am. So you describe so Adlai, the Continuing struggle of black women to have the right to vote to exercise the right to vote is, can you share We think now where When people talk about the black vote. Invariably they talk about the fact that black women are more reliable voters. In many instances than black men. How has that How is that voter suppression from Jim Crow forward treated women differently than men. So that's a great question on Gwen of the things we know out of the lessons of 1920 is that part of what voter suppression aims to do is in a sense, treat women justice he treats men on DSA Oh, for example. In 1920. There will be those Southern states seven legislatures that quickly have to amend their poll tax provisions, which had been written a Zen imposition on men is a requirement of men now have to be written to Now also apply to women. So there's a way in which voter suppression historically has looked to, in a sense, override differences of gender, But there's no question of From my research that African American women face a distinct set of risks when it comes to political activism when it comes to work in the political sphere when it comes to Um, coming out to the polls. There is a denigration that the women of the National Association of Colored Women are all too familiar with. It's part of what binds them together. Um, that is to say the kind of gendered racism Um, that posits black women as unsuited to the ladies unsuited to be mothers unsuited to the citizens and more is a special denigration directed of black women and at the same time on black women very much come to politics. Because hard of the conditions that suppress them politically include the scourge of sexual violence and so among black separatists is an important threat that points to the vulnerabilities of black women on For women's votes or women's rights. That movement must take up the special burdens of sexual violence s o today. I think we can understand the ways in which there are echoes still on the one hand of voter suppression that is neutral on its face when it comes to gender..