27 Burst results for "Mussolini"

Fashion Under Fascism, an interview with Dr. Eugenia Paulicelli

Dressed: The History of Fashion

03:33 min | Last week

Fashion Under Fascism, an interview with Dr. Eugenia Paulicelli

"Pal thank you so much for joining us today on dressed discuss your really amazing book. Fashion under fascism beyond the black shirt so before we delve into some of these fashioned aspects of our discussion today. I'm hoping that you might give some context for our listeners. About broadly speaking. what exactly is fascism. Thank you a bill for guy inviting me to this conversation. Delighted to be here with you So to responsive question. Fascism rules than ideology authoritarian ideology in movement. I started in italy in nineteen fifteen sold. The war was an important component. That had a great impact on the formation of this fast. She's at of combat. This was the beginning get Ninety nine teen. Mussolini was of course the head of fascism became the dude shape so he founded the national fascist party so started initially but then spread all over europe the end in the united states. Actually we need to remember that so it was a became. A talented now regime are despotic. Nationalism racism in realism These were kind of key words of back weekend. Del the enjoy the while we discuss the new multifaceted in complexity of fascism in order to contextualize this we need to understand. Also the situation in italy at the time because in the beginning of the twentieth century italy a went through great sons formations in terms of modernisation industrial puddles at the same time. A huge immigration The great period from second half of nineteen send in the beginning. Many talents came to the united states. Actually one of the countries of the immigration There was a lot of poverty in the south too big divide between north and south so the north was leading industrialized. Italy was a concentrated who's unified as a nation state only in eighteen sixty started the process of unification they went unrest from mma workers in union sir movement in the feminists the feminist movement. Also italy had a lot of this sub rallies political address strikes especially in the north industrialized a north. So then we also had the same time we think of nineteen o nine of the first manifesto of future is a full. We had that at the beginning of the twentieth century was quite amazing. In terms of contrast political undress

National Fascist Party Italy Mussolini United States Europe
The Hitler Haggadah with Jonnie Schnytzer

Jewish History Matters

09:33 min | 3 months ago

The Hitler Haggadah with Jonnie Schnytzer

"Joined today by johnny schnitzer to talk about the hitler. Haga a nineteen forty-three judeo arabic haggadah. Which tells the story of the holocaust the second world war and the allied landing in north africa through the passover seder. Johnny schnitzer is a phd candidate at bar. Ilan university with a focus on medieval kabbalah. His dissertation is focused on the fourteenth century. Kabul list rabbi. Joseph ben shallow ashkenazi and johnny is also preparing a critical edition of ashkenazis. Commentary on sefer itsy raw. Johnny also edited an english edition of the etc. Which we're going to be talking about today. The hitler etc is such a fascinating text in many ways even just the title is jarring. And you might think how can you use. Hitler's name in the title of this traditional jewish text and it draws you in to a tremendous piece of moroccan jewish history that reworked the traditional passover story to tell us about the experience of north african jews in the holocaust. I hope you enjoyed our conversation. Where we're going to dive into this text and think about how it can broaden our understanding of the holocaust to include the middle east and north africa in that story and also where we think through the important relationship between jewish roots and holidays with history and historical memory. Thanks for tuning in high johnny. Welcome to the podcast. Thanks so much for joining us to talk about your book that you added. Thank you for inviting me. Lovely to be here. Absolute think this is such a fascinating text. Can you maybe tell us a little bit about it in other words like what is it that makes this different from all other hug adults. I think there are sort of two bombs that this text drops upon any re- debt guest that sort of feast there is on the hit laga and the first one of course is the title and this is what got me interested in this from the outset and that is this sort of sporadic this who has the chutzpah to do this at taking a jewish texts calling it the hit laga. That's the sort of bomb number one. Because you're not even sure what this is about. Who wrote this. But you know one thing you know that the author who is anonymous and we'll touch upon them in a moment takes to keywords. That every juneau's today every jew does not need to google almost haggadah writer passover passover eve where we read the haggadah we all come and we eat together and he takes haggadah and he connects to the other. Keyword that we all know about for a very separate horrific connotation. That's hitler and he puts it together. The first bomb is who has the chutzpah to perpetrate a text. And give it the title. Hit laga taking one of the most sacred texts and connecting it to one of the biggest mom's area if you like in jewish history and then you open the text and you realize that author has done something absolutely fascinating he is done with. The sages have asked us to do generation after generation and that is to see ourselves as if we left egypt red. It's to reenact. Redemptions to reenact. God saving the jewish people taking us out. And what does he do. He takes the structure of the storytelling bit of the haggadah. Right on passover. Eve we have the ceremony we have the blessings and then we reached the mortgage section the mugged section to section where we meant to mcgee. We meant to tell the story. That's what is about right. We tell story we tell the story of redemption. This also explains why passovers become right. This trend of everyone bringing own hug dot. Everyone bringing their own stories. Because it's all about bringing together different pieces of the puzzle. Creating this beautifully rich mosaic. So he takes the traditional structure of the haggadah which tells us about how we were taken out of egypt and it tells us about these different characters. Rabbinic figures leaving two thousand years ago. The told us to do this and told us to do that. And he takes out the content and fills it with a new content whereby he tells the story of the holocaust of world war two of the allied victory of the ex pows over nazi germany. And hitler and mussolini's italy he tells us the story of his generation rights yossi who has something to tell us in the traditional said. There's something about how. How would you meant to do something. All of a sudden becomes the speech of the dictator iosif stalin when we told them the haggadah that i god and not an angel. Not anyone else is going to take you. The jewish people out of egypt suddenly becomes. I shall the goal. I not level not the right none of none of the other vichy high commanding general's. I shall the goal which already tells us right. This is what's fascinating in the hitler etc and this is the second bomb if the first bomb is the title. We still don't know what it's about. The second bomb is when you discover that this was written by an anonymous jew living in robots morocco probably towards the end of nineteen forty-three as a result possibly inspired by operation torch. The allied operation led by the us on the shores of casablanca and algiers. And everything changes all of a sudden this jew living in morocco. Who's lived under a regime whether anti jewish laws jews around him have lost their jobs. Jews around you can't get a jewish education you become by night a second-grade citizen and so out author. It almost seems as if he's taking a text which it's time to write it when we don't yet know the ending. He doesn't yet know about the horrific six million who are being murdered. He doesn't know about concentration camps in poland. But he knows he wants to do something horrific any also is living in a time where his life has changed for some years and as a result of the allied victory he suddenly possibly is inspired and sees. I get the exodus. The story i meant to be telling i meant to take the passover haggadah until the story that i see and that's how the allies beat the excess power. And how in fact you know retelling the story of exodus mine new-fangled version. I think that the text itself is amazing in the ways in which it on. The one hand utilizes the story of passover very explicitly very specifically in when he talks. About how hitler. Enslaved the jews but also like you mentioned the way in which some of the characteristic aspects of the traditional aspects are transfigured and transformed new. Whether we're talking about the parable of the four sons the for children or the different rabbis plagues. What are some of the really interesting things that are happening in this text that really are utilizing the passover story itself and also the the characteristic aspects of the passover seder that people who read attritional seder would be familiar with but they give it new meaning in this context. If we take right this this idea of the four sons four daughters any jewish figure that we look at it and we want to understand. What is it the sort of a heart of their teachings you know. One of the tricks is to see if they wrote a commentary on the haggadah. What do they do with these. Four boys of for doors. What do they symbolize. And in the case of the hit da it takes us back in time to a sort of moroccan viewpoint of the the north african campaign. And so who is the wise son now. You know it's going to be an allied power. But you're not sure that england or is it america and you'll told the the wise son is england right. The royal air force acts cleverly. He's clearly impressed he he is probably the razzie stance radio. He knows about the bombings. He knows about montgomery and then we move onto the russia. The russia we know can only be one person. That's clearly hitler. Hitler the evil one. He knows that he's a know he. He's torturing the jewish people and yet it's interesting that if you read through the at that we're not quite sure what's going on in europe right off a thinks that there is a concentration camp in berlin so we're not yet show what's going on in the world and our author doesn't yet. Nobody knows that he clearly is evil that he's plotting against the jews there wearing yellow badges which also is interesting. Because we're not sure. If he's referring to the yellow badges of jews in europe or the yellow badges of jews in certain places in north africa and then who is the tam. The time is interesting. Because tom can both mean in hebrew complete simpleton the thomas america and then shane no. You're dillashaw and who doesn't know how to ask questions. The classic version says the fourth son is the son who doesn't know how to ask questions. The newfangled version is and mussalini. Who isn't with the avowed woods and this is very interesting because when i was speaking to holocaust survivors. Oh you know this. Sort of all degeneration and i spoke to people from algeria from tunisia morocco across the board there was a nickname from cellini mar. He was the donkey he was the s. This resonates with this passage whims lead author decides to change it. And say it's not. He doesn't ask question it's that we don't even wanna talk about

Johnny Schnitzer Ilan University Joseph Ben Shallow Ashkenazi North Africa Egypt Haga Iosif Stalin Kabul Rabbi Morocco Hitler Juneau Johnny Middle East Yossi Mcgee Mussolini Russia
"mussolini" Discussed on Power 105.1 FM

Power 105.1 FM

01:53 min | 5 months ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Power 105.1 FM

"They became the doctor party Mussolini in Italy. They walked into the parliament on took over the country and turned into a dictatorship within within weeks. If you do not prosecute the leaders of this insurrection, you'll be continuously fighting this room. It's 20 or 30 years and found significant but the time for healing is that The decline for daily, But you got to jail. Some of these people who took part of this and to ensure the domestic tranquility of the rest of us, Jackson, you can heal the wounds with glass in it. On. Don't get restless things being well. What we're trying to reconcile. They already did it and then lose him all this shot fighting. On reconstructed your privilege. Reverend. Let me ask you this and you know, I can ask we could open it up. I only have a couple minutes before we go to break. We're hearing a lot of we're seeing a lot of commentary that this is like not to Germany. And while of Azaz, we wash the rise of Hitler, but I think we need to dial this back because it Americans are very, very willing to look outside of our own histories. Yeah, that happened there. We're still not willing to look at the secession. Secessionists who are in the north and the south, the east and the West. And what secessionism is in the United States. What it looks like we can look outside of ourselves that I think now is the time Reverend Jackson. Correct me. If you think I'm wrong for us to look within. We still have not reconciled the Civil War. We still really have not wrestled with that from Seven million votes, and we're not going to recognize that he was the one that selection I mean, there wasn't the women's tolerate racism and Jenna values. But at the ball in the family have written and Children because Bill Rand African aid It is so old..

Reverend Jackson Mussolini parliament Bill Rand Italy Azaz Jenna Germany United States Secessionists
"mussolini" Discussed on Behind the Bastards

Behind the Bastards

03:20 min | 5 months ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Behind the Bastards

"Sticks dried salt cod fish even an ox job own just whatever they can beat someone with if they can't it's anything they can hit someone with and imagine an antique weapon already in nineteen twenty three year old gun. That's old gun. Boy yeah weird. It's just whatever they can get so that. Was you actually answer questions i had. I was like so if they're marching to rome where they coming from. They come from everywhere. He's a nato's right now. Yeah they coming from everywhere. They are coming from everywhere they have horses and carts trucks and wagons. They even have a race car with the machine gun mounted to it and they have guys right. Alan trains style finesse. You that style in in machine gun raised here could give it to. Yeah and a lot of people marching on foot to now she. Obviously this is a cause for concern for some people in the government. Two days after the naples speech former italian prime minister antonio sandra because where of mussalini plans and he warns the current prime minister that the fascist leader was organizing an armed march on the capital salons. Intelligence told him that mussalini plan to demand the prime minister's resignation and demanded he be appointed head of the government instead so the prime minister obviously is also worried by this. He goes to the king with this warning. And he asks the king for permission to use the police and military to suppress the fascists. The king refuses so the reason the king says no is that he had just sat down with his minister of war. General armando diaz. Now the general who was not quite who basically a fascist tells the king that if he asks the army to stop mussalini quote the army will do its duty but it would be better not to put it to the test basically like another. The army likes these guys that you really shouldn't you really shouldn't try it. So king victor emmanuel. The third belittle sword was not like an ideological fascist out. Very silly man. What if that was is like tinder profile soared. He's not a fascist in the sense that he doesn't believe in fascism he believes in a monarchy and more specifically he believes in a monarchy where he's the monarch now by nineteen twenty two. The kingdom of italy is in bad financial straights One had been a disaster for the country. The great like not the great depression but like a an economic collapse europe as a result of the end of the war. It's horrible in munich In this period of time to write political violence in the streets had reached a fever pitch largely thanks to mussolini's blackshirts and cain was afraid. There might be a civil war more than anything he was worried about. The rising italian left the socialist party had one hundred forty six members in the chamber of deputies and the communist had eleven giving them together nearly five times as much elected representation as the fascists now communists and socialists aren't big fans of kings and victor emmanuel crudely calculated the fascist would let him continue to be he also and this is important calculated that the middle class would back the fascist if admits crushing the left and he was right on both counts. Some of the king's generals did push back into anti signed orders to send the army out after the blackshirts. The king threatened to abdicate..

mussalini eleven armando diaz nineteen twenty three year old third prime minister one hundred forty six members mussolini antonio sandra One nineteen twenty two both counts Two days Alan italy europe five times emmanuel munich rome
The Sodder Family Tragedy: 75 Years Later

Extraterrestrial

04:50 min | 6 months ago

The Sodder Family Tragedy: 75 Years Later

"Long before his house burned down any lost five of his children. George solder saw the united states as a land of opportunity or at least of escape he was born as georgios saw do on the italian island of sardinia in eighteen ninety five. He spent the first thirteen years of his life. They're growing up in a small town on a hill. Not much is known about his youth mainly because he refused to speak about it. It was obvious to those who knew him. Later that something happened in italy that made young giorgio want to leave in one thousand nine hundred eight. He sees the chance to escape his home. Country in boarded a steamship with his older brother headed to ellis island Because we don't know his brother's name will call him. Rafael georgia was thirteen years old when he and rafael saw the statue of liberty and new york city skyline for the first time but whatever excitement. The new land may have inspired in giorgio. His brother didn't seem to share it for reasons. Unknown rafael return to italy immediately after delivering his younger brother to the immigrant inspection station. Perhaps he was only tasked with delivering giorgio safely to america. Maybe he was just along for the ride. It could have been any number of reasons he could have been turned away from. Ellis island for criminality or disease. Regardless when thirteen year old giorgio emerged from ellis island. He had a new anglicized name. George solder he was alone in a brand new country for better and for worse. His new life in america began that day in nineteen eight and he quickly got to work. George didn't stay in new york state for very long instead. He headed west to pennsylvania in order to find opportunities there and find them he did. It took a few years but before long. He left a railroad job in pennsylvania for west virginia and worked his way up through the hauling industry to open his own trucking company. But that wasn't all he wanted out of life in the early nineteen twenties. George met jenny. Cheaper yanni jenny. Like george was also an italian immigrant but unlike him she moved to the united states when she was just three and couldn't remember much of her life in italy. It didn't matter though the two had plenty in common and hit it off right away. They fell in love and soon enough. They got married ready to start a family. They moved to nearby fayetteville west virginia. Their new town was nestled in the foothills of the appalachian mountains and was home to a small but tight knit community of other italian immigrants. Over the next twenty years they became respected members of the fayetteville community their neighbors view george as a successful local businessman and jenny was known as carrying housewife who adored her ten children but a mystery lingered at the heart of this solder family and it involves georgia's past or rather the lack of it. Everyone and their italian american community new. The georgia emigrated to the states. Just like many of them. Andy may have had his secrets but he certainly wasn't shy about his political opinions during the nineteen twenties and thirties. Italy's fascist prime minister benito. Mussolini expanded his power and allied with the nazis in world war. Two during this time. George made it known that he despised the dictator. He sometimes got into passionate arguments with other italians who supported mussolini and reportedly expressed relief when he heard the dictator had been killed in the spring of nineteen forty-five but even still george was reticent to talk about his past however it seemed the community. Opt to let these quirks go. They were fond of the families. Many children the solders had ten kids. Understandably they ranged quite a bit in age. By nineteen forty-five their oldest. John was twenty three years old. While the youngest sylvia was to the family was large an by all accounts. Happy and christmas eve. Nineteen forty five was no exception. That is until a fire changed their lives forever. By the time the sun rose in the morning half of their children would be on

George Solder Giorgio Ellis Island Italian Island Of Sardinia Rafael Georgia America Rafael Italy Georgios Yanni Jenny George Pennsylvania West Virginia Fayetteville Jenny Liberty New York City Appalachian Mountains Georgia
The Sodder Family Tragedy: 75 Years Later

Extraterrestrial

04:50 min | 6 months ago

The Sodder Family Tragedy: 75 Years Later

"Which applied to mafia members. And those who dealt with them. The fact that george never talked about his past suggests he might have been bound by a similar restriction. The mafia were very active in sicily in the late eighteen hundreds and early nineteen hundreds. And it's possible that george ran across them when he was a boy. If so that in encounter might have led him to fleeing to the united states. It could also have been why rafael felt like he had to return to their home country. Whatever secrets is childhood held. George spent the nineteen twenties thirties and forties raising his family in fayetteville west virginia but apparently he couldn't escape his past. George frequently argued with the other members of the towns italian-american community usually about a benito mussolini george despise the man and this put him in conflict with other immigrants who supported the fascist prime minister. It's possible that one of georgia's friends or neighbors belong to the american mafia after all by the nineteen twenty s. Many italian mobsters had immigrated to the united states so when george debated italian politics with the locals he could have made a very dangerous enemy without realizing it in nineteen forty-five five maybe the organization felt like they'd had enough of georgia's anti mussalini statements and retaliated by taking his children. Well it's true that the mafia didn't usually perform kidnappings it wasn't totally unheard of one of the most famous examples was the nineteen seventy-three abduction of oil fortune heir. John paul getty the third in the nineteen seventies. The getty family was as famous for their oil well as they were for their infighting. The patriarch j paul. Getty was a notoriously. Difficult man frugal. To the point of pathology. He had payphones installed in his english manor home. So his staff wouldn't add to his phone bill understandably. He didn't get along very well with his grandson john. Paul getty the third who went by paul. Abo- hime ian teenager who being kicked out of his italian prep school for clarity. From huron will refer to j paul getty as getty and his grandson will be paul. Paul kept a low profile to avoid his grandfather's vitriol but that all changed when he suddenly disappeared in rome soon after his worried family received a series of letters and a phone call from the kidnappers. They said they were members of the mafia and they demanded a ransom of seventeen million dollars for polls safe return but getty said that he had fourteen grandchildren besides john and if he gave them a sent it would only encourage similar opportunists to go after them for that reason. Getty refused to pay in response. The mafia cutoff polls ear and mailed it to a newspaper with their demands. Eventually the family paid the mafia three million dollars though getty himself only paid two point two million the maximum amount that he could write off as a loss for tax purposes. And by the end of nineteen seventy-three. Paul was back within the family. Fold though much the worse for wear. This wasn't the only time. The mafia used kidnapping as tactic in rome. In nineteen seventy five. The criminal organization kidnapped gianni bulgari a famous italian. Who was forty years old at the time. His affluent family quickly paid two million dollars for his return and he emerged relatively unscathed by the ordeal. However the solders were decidedly not wealthy. So it seems unlikely that the mob would have kidnapped their children for money. What's more george and jenny never received a ransom note. That said it is possible that the criminal society could have murdered the solder children in retaliation for something. George did the mafia's. Arcane codes supposedly protect women and young children but they don't always abide by these values take for example the case of giuseppe di matteo in one thousand nine hundred ninety three santino di matteo a former member of the sicilian. Mafia was preparing to testify against them in court in a bid to silence him. The mob kidnapped his twelve year. Old son giuseppi.

George Benito Mussolini George Paul Getty John Paul Getty J Paul Getty Hime Ian Georgia United States Sicily Rafael Fayetteville West Virginia Paul Rome Huron
"mussolini" Discussed on Today in True Crime

Today in True Crime

05:47 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Today in True Crime

"Team behind unsolved murders are taking a closer. Look at what it takes to catch a killer. The new series is called solved murders, true crime mysteries, and you can only hear it on spotify. Join my dear friend, Carter and Wendy as well as an ensemble cast of voice actors, as they explore the days months, and even years leading up to a killer being caught everyone's Day. You'll wade through the details of A. A heinous crime track the ups and downs of the investigation, and ultimately witnessed the closure of seemingly unquenchable case. I'm already hooked. Each episode of solved murders please out like a classic murder mystery where the final reveal is nearly as shocking as the murder itself from the butcher of Plainfield Ed Geene to America's first serial killer H H Holmes. These accounts are all real, all riveting and only available on spotify. Not Every story has a happy ending, but at least they have an ending follows solved murders true crime mysteries. And only on spotify. Now back to the story. nineteen-year-old. Mussalini. Entered Switzerland naive young man, but he left full of ideas, and with nearly a dozen arrests under his belt. Early on his time in Switzerland, he made the acquaintance of Angelica Beloved Nov of socialist activists in the Swiss town of Lusanne. She immediately recognized a certain selfishness in him. He seemed to interested in how revolution might serve him and elevate his status. He talked a lot about how much he hated the clergy, but he never seemed to speak positively about the future. The socialists were trying to create. Nevertheless. Bylabatry introduced him to the work of various philosophers, welcoming him into the world of higher thought, she likely hoped that he would be moved by the likes of Karl, Marx with whom she was friends, and these early socialist thinkers did leave an impact. However, Mussalini gravitated more toward French philosopher Josh Sorelle, according to history Professor Charles F. Bell, Serrales claims of the need for overthrowing decadent liberal democracy and capitalism by the use of violence, direct action, and the general strike made a deep impression on Mussalini as did his neo machiavellian ideas of manipulating the masses by appealing to their. Fans. That last bit is important as it speaks to how Mussalini really used socialism as a tool to his own personal ends. It wasn't something that actually deeply believed in blabbing off. Recognize this, but thousands and soon millions would fail to. He went from town to town sparking revolt. The details of these exploits are scarce, but it seems that in some cases just the threat of violence was enough to get Mussalini it'd and kicked out of town. Socialism and anarchism were gripping the world at the turn of the century, and those in power were terrified of the effects could have on their dominion. It was best to stamp the fire out before it had a chance to spread. Ultimately Mussolini's Swiss sojourn was not destined to be the beginning of a great revolution. Instead it was an opportunity for him to cobble together his Frankenstein willed view. Ironically, his time abroad also made him more of an Italian nationalist. He saw his people being exploited for their labor, and felt that at the very least if they were going to labor, it should be for the glory of Italy, not some other country, and he quickly saw how easy it was to anger working class people if you simply played on their hate of the ruling class class disparity is a universal grievance. Returning to Italy in nineteen o four, he was armed with new knowledge that would lead to a meteoric rise by nineteen fifteen. He was the most prominent socialist journalist in all of Italy and soon the most controversial. His fellow Socialists learned firsthand. Just how flexible Mussolini's beliefs were, he left the Party and declared his support for. Entry into World War One. This went against everything they believed in war as far as the socialists were concerned, just meant the working class getting killed for the benefit of those in power but Mussalini, still nurturing a nationalist streak after his time in Switzerland saw the war as an opportunity for Italy to become a global power when that didn't work, he blamed it on his old friends, the Socialists and before long he had his own party the fascists. Day were ready to carry out the violence, so l. had always talked about. Their crimes would plague Italy for years until October nineteen, twenty, two, when Mussolini committed his greatest active villainy, yet marching on Rome, and taking over the government, he was soon prime minister Italy had decades of fascism in store decades that culminated in the greatest crime of all the deportation of thousands of Italian Jews to German concentration camps..

Mussalini prime minister spotify Italy murder Switzerland Carter Bylabatry Wendy Party Ed Geene Rome Josh Sorelle America l. Angelica Lusanne H Holmes
"mussolini" Discussed on Assassinations

Assassinations

05:50 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Assassinations

"Power as a result Mussalini and dozens of fellow. Fascists were voted into office that month it was the first time. Mussalini held actual political power. This was far more dangerous than anyone realized next. Mussolini becomes a premium leader of Italy. Now back to the story Italian politics were tumultuous in the years following World War One and fascist leader Benito. Mussolini knew how to harness that chaos for his own ends in many ways. Mussalini took control of the government long before he was ever recognized as leader between May nineteen twenty one and October. Nineteen twenty two. He organized a large network of fascist organizations including economic unions and paramilitary troops the mostly just continued to combat the socialists and bully businesses into agreeing with their policies as to what to produce who to hire how to spend the fascist had their own finance ministers and their own enforcement. It was only a matter of time before the king recognize them as the leaders of Italy and many still fearing the rise of the Socialists. Gladly supported the fascists. They were becoming even more brazen completely destroying socialist newspapers and meeting places. It was now all but legal to be socialist according to historian. Michael our governor. This reached a crescendo on October. Twenty Eighth Nineteen twenty two when the fascist prevented the publication of not only socialist newspapers. But any kind of Daily News. This ensured that they had time to construct the narrative of what was about to happen. They pushed the perception that the country was aflame with violence. If it was it was the fascists who were causing it but they manage to blame the Socialists. This was indicative of the political chaos. The fascist sewed the freshly unified country was more fragmented than ever with Socialists and fascists in both the cities and more rural areas King Victor Emmanuel the third and then Prime Minister Luigi factor initially opposed. Mussalini in fact factor. Who had only been in office since February wanted to declare Rome under siege but the king feared civil war and he knew that his cousin Emanuele. Filiberto was pro fascist. Filiberto was next in line for the throne and could be used to replace Victor Emmanuel if anything sudden and tragic should happen to him afraid for his life and desperate to restore order to his country. The king made a phone call. He was about to make a deal with the devil. The fascists were popular with rural workers. As we've mentioned Mussolini was able to appeal to their anger toward the wealthy and foreign countries in a way that the Socialists failed to Mussolini's belief in capitalistic production. Made the wealthy more comfortable with him. As well and so on October. Twenty Ninth Nineteen twenty two. The king asked Mussalini to be prime minister. Mussolini and his fascist thousands in number marched into Rome on October Thirtieth. Mussalini wore his black shirt along with black pants. Black shoes with white spots and military sash. He didn't look like a dictator so much as some sort of waiter but he had plenty of time to learn how to look the part. The king officially recognized him as Prime Minister Minister of the Interior and Minister for foreign affairs almost immediately. Mussolini took on emergency powers. That kept him in office indefinitely. He used his new power to fill parliament with fascists and passed laws that formerly made socialism illegal throughout the following year in one thousand nine hundred twenty three his former allies who had shunned him for supporting the war where now thrown in jail or worse. Mussalini had now realised a decade long quest for revenge. He had transformed his passion for socialist politics into a hate for anyone and anything that got between him and power he was the ideal Italian man. How could he not be? He was in charge of the whole country and he had done it using the Italian values that he had always known. Were Superior Masculinity aggression nationalism. Future ISM and a splash of socialism that he would no longer acknowledge. Now is the time to implement these beliefs in the actual governance of Italy to return to the glory that he had promised libertarian researcher. Jim Powell writes that Mussalini economic policies. A unique blend of privately owned businesses under the control of the government. Were actually quite successful. Powell says Mussolini's government simplify the tax code cut taxes curbed spending liberalized trade restrictions and abolished rent controls. These policies provided a powerful stimulus between one thousand nine hundred twenty one and nineteen.

Mussolini Mussalini prime minister Italy King Victor Emmanuel Rome Victor Emmanuel Filiberto ISM Jim Powell Benito Daily News Michael Interior and Minister Emanuele Luigi
"mussolini" Discussed on Assassinations

Assassinations

10:53 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Assassinations

"He failed to realize that British cryptographer 's had cracked German communications reducing the advantage of German u boats to nil and he continued to push the Soviet front killing millions and only inspiring Russian troops to fight harder. It was the Russian front. That would be Mussolini's undoing in early. Nineteen forty three. The Italian people were already deeply unhappy. With how many of their sons were being sent to die. In the Cold Tundra of the east the food shortages were also becoming unbearable. His people began to go on. Hunger strikes that crippled whatever production capabilities Italy had left. The ideal Italian man had now officially become the monarch that he always despised as with King Umberto from Miscellaneous Youth is people were rebelling. Then the worst happened failing to gain any ground in Russia and fearing an allied invasion of France. Hitler ended his campaign in the Soviet Union in July nineteen forty-three all of the Italian sacrifice had been for nothing even worse. The first allied campaign to retake Europe would not be in France but Italy herself. The Americans and the British were coming to personally put an end to Mussolini's empire. He was furious at home. He fired ministers and replace them with new ones. He was deflecting trying to make himself seem in control when he was anything. But Chano wrote that. Mussolini now understood that his role was very much secondary to Hitler's but even that was kind. Mussolini probably didn't make the top ten when it came to leadership by nineteen forty three the ideal Italian man strong aggressive anti religion anti-monarchy anti women had no way of recovering from failure. That list of traits didn't include introspection or listening to the wisdom of others which meant that Mussalini failed to realize Chano General Vittorio Ambrosio and another than King Victor Emmanuel the third were plotting to remove him from power on July twenty fourth nineteen forty-three a meeting of the Grand Concilio Delphi. She's Mo was called. This was the ruling council of Fascists. Who had helped form the new government in the early days? Before all powers were eventually conferred on Mussalini on a surface level. This was meant to help. Ill Do che through a crisis but in practice it would allow the most powerful members of the party to legally vote to give command of the military back to the king. At first they're back. Nations came as a relief to Mussolini. He was happy to have others to blame for the failure of the war on July ninth. Nineteen forty-three the allies invaded Sicily. Things couldn't get much worse. Why not step down and yet when Mussalini attended the meeting he adamantly defended his performance as supreme leader. This didn't help his case he was still experiencing stomach pain and he came across as a decrepit madman he truly seemed to be oscillating between a solemn acceptance of his failure and desperate need to blame it on everyone else regardless of vote was taken and power was given back to the king. It was the first time in over a decade that anyone in the country have legal or Marshall Power besides Mussolini. He was so overwhelmed with emotion with anger and embarrassment and fear that he failed to note. What a titanic shift this would cause in Italy. He seemed to have fallen into a state of denial when he arrived at his cavernous office. The next day workers noted that he acted like nothing had changed on July twenty fifth nineteen forty-three he went to meet with the king. He did this regularly. And perhaps assume this would just be another routine discussion. But when he met with the King Mussalini was told that he was the most hated man in Italy. It was true and stunning. Considering that he had been the most beloved just a few years earlier the crippling anxiety and depression that this must have caused left. Mussolini's still unable to comprehend the magnitude of what was happening. The dictator of five years ago would have hardly allowed anyone to talk to him like this. His strength and aggression were replaced by fatigue and resignation after he left the meeting. He was accosted by royal police. Captain Paolo Vignerie had orders to take him into custody. It was for his own safety. Of course the next few weeks where at once a whirlwind and a painful slog Mussolini went from being the leader of a prominent nation to a prisoner with no access to the outside he was shuttled from dilapidated home too dilapidated home for fear that one of his many enemies would try to kill him not that his fascist captors treated him particularly well he was forced to wear the same suit he had been taken in for some time. According to biographer. Rj Be Bosworth. His only preoccupations were to read and chat with a Catholic priest. We can only imagine the thrill that gave him. Meanwhile his stomach still bothered him constantly. Eventually he was taken to the Hotel Compo. Emperor Tori and unimpressive red building on the slopes of the appenine mountains in central Italy. He could only stare out at the beautiful grassy plateau six thousand feet above Rome and wonder where it had all gone wrong. His life had changed so dramatically. From the days of being a blacksmith son to a schoolteacher to a Socialist newspaper man and then a dictator. There was so much hope at the beginning socialist mentors who told him of a new world order where workers seized the fruits of their labours. And even those early days of government though not bloodless were marked by an Italy more united than it had ever been in a shared purpose. Could he see now that his own selfishness and arrogance made it all for not what business did a newspaper man have running a country much less trying to command a prominent position in the most violent conflict in history. Perhaps he thought this. Or perhaps he continued to fume at the injustice that he felt had been done to him his own people rioting giving up on the fascist dream it occurred to him that his own son in law. Chano must have been a part of the KU whatever his State of mind at this point it was soon broken up by the arrival of mysterious glider crashing into the field in front of the hotel. Everyone at the hotel watched in surprise as nine more gliders crashed into the field then that's surprise turned to horror as multiple. Ss troopers emerged charging toward the hotel. One particularly dangerous looking one introduced himself to the commanding Italian officer as Lieutenant Colonel Otto Skorzeny. They were here to take Mussolini and they preferred to do it without violence. The Italian guards stood down some of them out of fear others out of loyalty to their former allies or to Mussalini within ten minutes. A biplane arrived to escort Mussolini and Skorzeny to Germany. Hitler was rescuing is old. Ally next Mussalini faces a reckoning now back to the story on September Twelfth Nineteen forty three Nazi soldiers staged a daring rescue of the deposed. Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. The FUHR had decided he was too valuable an ally to leave to fate. Mussolini likely felt conflicted about this. His continued imprisonment was humiliating. Not to mention boring. And he feared what the allies would do to him if he was handed over. What this now meant that he was more aligned with Hitler than ever the Germans would have to win the war or they would all hang. Mussalini arrived in Rustenburg on September fourteenth greeted with much fanfare. He walked out of the plane to a smiling Hitler who shook his hand and said some kind words but later when they were in private. The conversation took on a less jovial tone. The war was still not going well especially in Italy. After Mussolini's arrest the king and the remaining fascists attempted to make peace with the allies but the allies had continued with their invasion of mainland Italy and any remaining fascist leadership had fled. The Nazis now occupied the northern half of the country including Rome and they had taken prisoner any remaining fascist soldiers for fear of them betraying the Third Reich as the leadership had the allies still controlled the south. And we're gaining territory. According to writer haired Vonda our Hitler told Mussalini. I will be very clear. Northern Italy will be forced to envy the fate of Poland. If you do not want to rekindle the alliance between Germany and Italy by taking charge of a new state and a new government. He was threatening to dissolve Italy as a country entirely unless Mussolini went back and tried to run a fascist government from the north to the Nationalist Mussolini who had staked everything on making Italy. Its Own United Nation. This was the ultimate threat for all he knew. Germany still stood some chance of winning the war and with this crazed forceful transfix dictator in front of him. How could he say no? His mind was so adult by the whirlwind of events.

Benito Mussolini Italy Hitler Mussalini Chano General Vittorio Ambrosi Germany King Umberto Rome Northern Italy Colonel Otto Skorzeny King Mussalini Cold Tundra Europe council of Fascists Russia Soviet Union Sicily Hotel Compo United Nation
"mussolini" Discussed on Assassinations

Assassinations

11:29 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Assassinations

"Supposed to be a new dawn for Italy. Even a return to the days of the Glorious Roman Empire Fifteen hundred years before but this unification had meant nothing for the average Italian. They still have to toil summon factories others in fields and mines and in nineteen O to a majority of Italian still weren't even allowed to vote clearly. Unification just meant that the top one percent now centrally controlled the labour and product of the working class in Switzerland. Mussolini learned from leaders of Socialist. Thought men like Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky two founders of the Russian revolution and Devout Marxists. They helped him. Hone the idea of what? Italian socialism should look like the rewards of Italian Labor in the hands of Italian workers and no one else not the king not parliament not the Austrians but while men like Karl Marx were calling for self rule. Mussalini never seemed to settle on an exact prescription for what a modern government should look like. His belief system was heavy with contradiction. He wrote that. Socialism means the elevation and purification of the individual conscience and his achievement will be the result of a long series of efforts. This seemed to suggest that he believed in the combined. Efforts of society as a whole rather than the triumphs of the individual but he also admired the idea of the best and brightest pushing to the top Mussalini read Darwin and absorbed his message of struggling against tradition authority dogma. This was survival of the fittest philosophy. The idea that people in power are in power because of certain traits that make them better suited for Mussolini couldn't believe in both the collective achievements of society. And the survival of the fittest. History would tell which side he leaned toward his racial politics. Were similarly convoluted Mussalini. Hated the nationalist racist philosophies arising in Germany but at the same time he spoke of an Italian soul and was dismissive of their Slavic neighbors to the northeast so he didn't like an emphasis on national identity unless it was Italian national identity and he didn't like racism but he had certain racial prejudices. It was almost as if the masculine ideals instilled by his father and sharpened and Catholic. School would never release their hold because as much as he admired. The worker focused ideals of socialism he also seemed to find socialism somewhat feminine many Socialists preached the idea of a global society free of borders where everyone was equal this sounded like fanciful nonsense to him. Italy needed to become a world power. That was the only way for him. Show the world that the hard labor ideals of his youth were superior the only way to show the world that Italians were true men that he was a true man his image of the ideal man was now the image of the ideal Italian man strong aggressive not Catholic socialist but only insofar as you maintained a sense of masculinity and national identity in nineteen. Oh four a twenty one year old. Mussolini was expelled from Switzerland and forced to return to Italy after inspiring multiple riots against police and falsifying documents. He returned to his home country with a New Vision. He would inspire the rural working class that he had been a part of. He would do this by playing on the masculine ideals of hard work and painting the ruling class as a feet out of touch parasites he would paint the Catholic Church with the same brush and his fellow Socialists. Well hopefully they would go along with his emphasis on an Italian identity. Italian product in Italian hands. Not a part of some larger European collective that exploited their labor just as the king was currently doing his goal was to inspire socialist revolution in Italy but by the time he was done there would hardly be an Italy. Left at all next Mussalini forms the fascist party now back to the story in one thousand nine hundred four twenty one year old Benito. Mussolini returned to Italy after years of working with Socialists. In Switzerland Italy was still suffering from the rule of despotic upper-class. Mussolini was angered by the continued violence against socialist workers who protested for safer working conditions and better wages. He saw workers in the industrialized north being killed by machinery. He some miners in the UN industrialized South Contracting Tuberculosis. He would spend the next several years as a teacher and writer largely in the Italian city of Foley. Having learned French while he was abroad he could now translate the radical anarchist and socialist treatises from France and distribute them among the Italian working class by nineteen. Ten is weekly. Newspaper was inspiring new Socialist converts throughout the smaller towns of the north. He was one of them but he was educated and worldly able to expose them to ideas they'd never heard of before his emphasis on masculinity and Italian identity. Interested them even more but there was a new philosophy that Mussalini was exposed to that would further altered the course of his Socialist thought according to author Richard Hallion. Mussolini was a fanatic for flight when he saw a French aviator Louis Blair yo fly his plane across the English Channel. In one thousand nine hundred nine he was awed by the possibilities of the age he was living in. It was like looking up to see a dragon or angel trailing through the clouds. Anything was possible. In this new era for Mussalini. There was never any doubt that this new technological age was one to embrace. The future was right. The past full of kings and priests was wrong. The ideal -Talian man was strong aggressive nationalistic socialist anti-catholic anti-monarchy and futurist movement machines. They would give rise to a new Italy. His audience grew by nineteen eleven. He was an editor for a major newspaper. Mussalini adamantly promoted socialist sentiments with his words while beginning to call for physical action to implement them. He was inciting violence as he had once done. In Switzerland at his word Socialists rioted and blocked the railway lines that supplied the corrupt government of the king. Mussolini was promptly sent to jail. He would be there from October. Nineteen eleven to March nineteen twelve. This only made him more of a socialist hero. In December nineteen twelve. He was given the editorship of anti the leading Socialist newspaper in Italy. His fellow socialists literally toasted him throwing a banquet and allegedly saying from. Today you Benito are not only the representative of the Romani Socialists but the do J of all Revolutionary Socialists in Italy that nickname Il do che. Which means the leader would stick with him for the rest of time. Mussolini and men like him had inspired some change. Nineteen twelve would see the expansion of suffrage in Italy to include most men even the lower class thus parliament and the prime minister were increasingly more powerful seen as at least somewhat representing the interests of the people against that of the king and yet ironically just a few years later. Mussolini was forced to leave the Socialist Party and step down from of anti the years leading up to World War. One made the Great War seem inevitable. Endless alliances endless monarchy squabbling and industrialized war engine. That was just begging to be tested the Socialists in Italy by-in-large saw World War. One for what? It was yet another opportunity for the rich to profit. Off The exploitation of the poor working class men would be drafted. They would die and whichever government one would have new lands and new citizens to pay taxes but there was one among their number who didn't agree. Mussalini always maintained a preference for Italian nationalism. That his fellow Socialists rejected. He didn't buy into their belief in a global society and with World War One. He saw a way for Italy to reestablish itself as an individual power they could take territory from the Austrians and form alliances with important powers like England and Russia additionally war was representative of the masculine aggression. That had been ingrained in him. Since childhood it was also the literal embodiment of machines creating a new future as he had always believed they would planes boats and tanks destroying the old an ushering in the new. He couldn't give up on the image of the ideal Italian man that he had been developing since childhood even if that meant going against the beliefs of socialism around August nineteen fourteen Mussalini wrote the proletariat is not disposed to fight a war of aggression and conquest after which it will merely be as poor and exploited as before at this point. He seemed to still believe that war was just another way for the rich to exploit the poor and yet just a month later he wrote. We have the privilege of living in the most tragic our in world history do we as men and the Socialists. Want TO BE INERT spectators of this huge drama. He was saying that if Italy didn't fight than it could never be taken seriously on the world stage. This was a pivotal moment as it isolated.

Mussolini Italy Mussalini Switzerland Switzerland Italy Socialist Party Karl Marx Vladimir Lenin representative O Leon Trotsky Germany Catholic Church UN France
"mussolini" Discussed on Assassinations

Assassinations

10:52 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Assassinations

"Was somewhat ramshackle. To begin with many young men had been killed or injured just five years earlier. During miscellaneous conquest of Ethiopia. That war was popular in Italy as it showed that Mussolini could do what monarchs of the past had failed to do but it had angered the League of nations. Which was powerless to do anything about it. This new war would ultimately make Mussalini unpopular both at home and around the world on the home front newly conscripted soldiers were often peasants. Who had little training and poor understanding of how to operate the heavy machinery of modern warfare? The people knew their sons were being sent off to die. Italy's inefficient factories produced sub-standard equipment to the point that some soldiers preferred to use World War. One era guns because they were more reliable historian Frank. Joseph even found that allied soldiers actually appreciated Italian artillery as the shells often failed to explode upon impact. The country couldn't get out from behind the curve as its coastal geography meant. Its resources were scarce as always Italy would never be Germany. If for no other reason than the fact that Germany had more forests minds and oil deposits when France surrendered to Germany and Italy in late. June nineteen forty Italy's only gain was the aforementioned coastal town of Montagne. The Germans had done most of the fighting and everyone knew it of Italy. Hitler said I they were too cowardly to take part now. They're in a hurry. So that they can share in the spoils. Though he maintained public support for Italy and miscellany privately. He knew that it was only a matter of time before they became a vassal. Mussalini had to save face. His entire platform was predicated on masculine strength on the ability to wage. Modern Mechanical War. The ideal Italian man was strong aggressive. A futurist he would show the World Mussolini's next move was to invade Egypt from Libya which had been an Italian colony. Since before the rise of the fascists the invasion began in September nineteen forty this was meant to fulfil Mo- SELENA's promise of a new empire. What was more ROMAN THAN CONQUERING EGYPT? But again his armies inferior skill and equipment. Where their undoing the British forces in Egypt struck out first attacking the Italian camps and taking almost all of the soldiers prisoner. Hitler would have to send one of his. Best Generals Aravind Rommel to clean up yet another mess of Mussolini's in the Western Desert campaign that raged from February nineteen forty one to May nineteen forty three. But the humiliation didn't stop there. Mussolini couldn't accept that his army was completely useless against that of pretty much any other European country he thought that perhaps the British had simply been too well entrenched in Egypt. Maybe a smaller country would be easier pickings and so. He ordered his army into Greece and Albania in October. One thousand nine hundred forty both were right across the sea from the Italian peninsula and were of course a part of the Roman empire of centuries past the Greeks would not let their country fall so easily. This was a classic case of Home Field Advantage. They knew the rocky terrain well and were able to outmaneuver and in general out fight the larger Italian army. The Greek campaign was indeed a repeat of ancient history but not the episode. Mussalini had expected allied press which would have inevitably made its way to Mussalini hailed the Greeks as modern spartans holding off the armies of Zirk sees or in this case the Italian off. Mussolini Nineteen Forty one was thus the year of Germany cleaning up Italy's messes. We mentioned that Irvine Rommel was forced to hold off the British advance in Libya now. In April German forces had to invade Greece. The German army was superior for all the reasons. The Italian army was inferior. Hitler's bureaucracy worked. It was filled with talented individuals with undying loyalty to his cause. Germany had abundant resources. That allowed it to produce a seemingly infinite supply of high tech war machines and most importantly there was strong support in Germany. By those who believed in Hitler and his 'cause this is where a Mussalini is waffling. Political beliefs came back to bite him. He used socialism to appeal to the poor rural working class. He used romantic rhetoric about the Roman Empire and the power of technology to appeal to the middle class and the wealthy but this meant he stood for different things to different people and so as soon as the food started running out and the bombs started falling. His support collapsed. Meanwhile Hitler was truly recreating the Holy Roman Empire and was delivering on his horrible promise to exterminate the Jewish people as terrible. As it was Germany's anti-semitism made it into a powerful force. The Nazi soldiers fought because they believed that if they lost than the capitalists and Communists would take over Germany and they believe that both of those groups were really just Jews in disguise scheming to conquer the whole world but Italian ideology was more muddled. Some Italian soldiers fought to improve the lot of the peasant class. Some fought because they saw themselves as ancient or dashing futurists but all of those ideas were too disparate too weak to maintain a fighting spirit. In a sense Hitler's fearmongering mongering was more effective than Mussolini's message of a hopeful. Future Mussalini failed to raise the quality of life for the lower class and he failed to deliver the new Roman Republic that the wealthy looked forward to this was never more true than in the summer of nineteen forty one. When the Germans had conquered Greece without Italian help Hitler then shows to invade Russia without consulting Mussolini nevertheless the Italians were still expected to contribute hundreds of thousands of soldiers. To that Front Mussolini's people felt that they now had to ship their young men to a distant part of the globe to fight a battle that they had no stake in. And that was the truth. Mussalini had lost control of Italy's part in the war. This was also apparent in Ethiopia where the British expelled Italian forces that had bled to take that country just six years earlier fascist monuments were yanked down into the sand meanwhile in Italy the factories were spent. Trade was reduced to zero and any food that people could grow was sent to the warfront in order to survive. Italy would have to rely on supplies from Germany. In just a year's time Mussalini had accomplished the opposite of an empire he had turned Italy into a German vessel next. Mussolini becomes a puppet dictator now back to the story in just a year's time Benito Mussolini Supreme Leader of Italy. The perfect man had lost almost every battle. He fought in and transformed his empire into a vassal to the fanatical powers of Nazi Germany. To those around him his state of mind was unclear. Though it's easy enough to imagine how the EGO centric leader felt about being the laughing stock of Europe. Men like his son-in-law Elliott so chano urged him to make peace with the allies but he was convinced that Germany would win the war in late. Nineteen forty one. That wasn't such a crazy position to take. The United States was still neutral though. They favored the allies. France was conquered nation and Britain was being slowly choked to death by U boats. Only Russia seemed able to withstand the German assault an so Mussalini opted to stay in the war telling his men. We must accept this situation as any attempt at reaction will be a reason to degrade us from the status of a confederate province to something worse than a colony. Even if they would ask us for Trieste tomorrow because that would be a vital city for Germany. We should bow our heads. He was saying that it was better to be a friend of the Third Reich. Then to become one of its servants. It's hard to say for certain. But it's possible miscellany bore some regret for allying with the fanatical. Nazis Italian fascists were fanatical in their own way but their society was more well. Roman it was concerned chiefly with masculinity and less with race in the near mysticism of the Hitler cult as Nineteen Forty. Two arrived in full swing. Things only got worse. The allies intensified their attacks on Italy bombing major cities. Mussolini now had to watch his country. Burn the stress of this began to take a physical toll. He became almost deathly. Ill developing severe stomach pains that no doctor could correctly. Diagnose some said ulcers others dared to suggest that it was psychosomatic. Mussolini's body was punishing. Him for what he had done. The condition eventually stabilized best treated with a diet of warm milk and fruit a further humiliation. Mussolini now dined like an infant. Meanwhile Mussalini could only watch as Hitler turned what should have been an easy victory into a rapidly declining situation. He allied with the Japanese who foolishly bombed Pearl Harbor in December nineteen forty one and brought the Americans into the war..

Front Mussolini Italy Germany Hitler Mussalini Benito Mussolini Egypt Mussolini Roman Empire Italian army Ethiopia Aravind Rommel Greece Libya Nineteen Forty League of nations Frank
"mussolini" Discussed on Assassinations

Assassinations

09:16 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Assassinations

"On April twenty-seventh Nineteen forty-five sixty one year old Benito Mussolini and his thirty three year. Old Lover Clara Petacci dressed in Nazi uniforms and road with German. Ss officers to the Swiss border. Mussolini clutched his Rotten Gut. A constant source of pains since he had entered the war years of worry over the success of the Fascist Party and over his own safety had left him with ulcer after ulcer and now the greatest ulcer of all he had just learned that those paid so demerit a Nazis. Were going to surrender to the Americans and the British curse all of them and their dead bastard ancestors. He needed them to wait so that he could surrender. I he needed to distance himself from the Nazi regime to prepare legal documents showing how he wasn't complicit in war crimes but there was no time now he had to get to Switzerland. He felt he would be safe there. They had remained neutral in the war and likely wouldn't turn him over to the allies but as the car neared it was stopped by communist partisans enemies of the Fascists. It was a standoff. The Germans and the Communists had similar numbers. It was anyone's guess would survive a shootout. Mussolini had the most reason to worry. He hoped the Communists would just assume he was another German soldier. But for the last two decades he had plastered his face on every poster. Banner and pamphlet in Italy. Of course they recognized him he was. Ill do j. The leader. Welcome to dictators a new podcast original. I'm Richard and I'm kate with this series. We want to go deep into the minds. Of some of history's most hated despots. We all know about the atrocities committed by the likes of Hitler and Stalin in the United States were familiar with longtime American adversaries. Such as Fidel Castro and Kim Jong UN on dictators will trace the psychological cultural and spiritual influences that transformed these individuals. Either they were born psychopathic or they were hardened by circumstance without fail each went from wanting to save their country to destroying it. You can find all episodes of dictators and all other podcast originals for free on spotify or wherever you listen to podcasts to stream dictators for free on spotify. Just open the APP and type dictators in the search bar a podcast. We're grateful for you our listeners. You allow us to do what we love. Let us know how we're doing reach out on facebook and Instagram at podcast and twitter at podcast network? And if you enjoyed today's episode the best way to help us is to leave a five star review. Wherever you're listening. It really does help. Last week we began our discussion of world. War Two dictators by tracing the rise of the man who invented Fascism Benito Mussolini today. We'll see how Mussolini's decision to join World War. Two on the side of the Germans proved disastrous to his rule. His oscillation between whichever ideologies suited his purpose came back to bite him as Italians of all political persuasions turned against him. Mussalini had been in power since October. Nineteen twenty two but in May nineteen forty. He had a decision to make. Hitler had ordered his Nazis into Poland in September of the previous year. Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany and now in one thousand nine hundred forty. Everyone looked to Italy to see which way it would fall. Mussolini's Fascists of course had more in common ideologically with the Germans. Fascism and national socialism. Were basically one in the same believe in the party. Obey the party. Fight for the party. Mussolini's image of the ideal Italian man which he had been cultivating since childhood would now be put to the test. Could the ideal Italian man win a world war he would sit in his offices at the Palazzo? Venezia ruminating on the decision. It was a massive empty space with just a small desk next to the Gargantuan fireplace above the hearth. There was a triangle with the fastest in the center. An axe with a bundle of wood around it. This was the symbol of Fascist authority a symbol of ancient Rome Mussalini had promised a return to the glory of that Long Dead Empire. He couldn't deliver on that promise. If he didn't conquer the world on the side of the Germans many had tried to talk him out of joining the war including Elliott so chano his foreign secretary and son-in-law Italy was not ready. According to researcher. Jim Powell Mussolini's Fascist economic policies while initially successful had turned sour over the previous decade intervening in industry telling citizens wear to work telling factory owners what to produce initially saw a decrease in unemployment and an increase in production but when everyone took their orders from one central authority things quickly became inefficient by nineteen. Twenty five just three years into his dictatorship. Mussalini couldn't keep everything. Straight often approving orders from different finance ministers bureaucrats at every level expected to be paid off with government subsidies as they had been since the fascists took over soon it became extremely difficult to produce anything as a web of bureaucracy had to be navigated to get approval. Any action production went down imports. Were down to. As the fascist system emphasized Italian products prices spiked and the Workers Mussalini had championed suddenly. Couldn't afford to eat but Mussalini was never one for honest introspection. He blamed everyone but himself constantly replacing his ministers and demanding that his people work harder the ideal Italian man started to resemble the monarchs he hated in his youth meanwhile in Germany he saw the younger more fanatic. Adolf Hitler gained the full support of his people and use their considerable resources to conquer Poland Norway Denmark and much of France. In short order the axis was doing what he had always wanted to do. They were forming the Empire that Mussalini had promised to his people. His son-in-law Chano reminded him of his younger self idealistic energetic and yet Chana was against the war but all Mussalini could think was that he owed it to men like Chano to deliver a glorious new Italy in early nineteen forty. He had seemed to agree. That war was a bad idea but by June he had changed his mind. They would join the Germans and sees their destiny. Mussolini declared war on the Allies on June tenth. Nineteen forty he said we embark on our campaign against the plutocratic and reactionary regimes in the West. We wish to break the military and territorial shackles that strangle us in our own see because a nation of forty five million inhabitants will only be free if it has free access to the ocean and so he made the war about gaining new territory for Italy in calling the allies plutocratic or essentially capitalist cronies. He tried to create a contrast that highlighted his own country as more equal and free men in his government. Such as Chano didn't dare disagree. They knew what happened to those who went against the party. And so the Italian military food shortages and all was mobilized for war on June tenth nineteen forty their first move was to attack southern France and capture mon a port town on the border between Italy and France. Mussolini wanted to support Hitler on the French front and gain as much territory in that country as possible the port was captured around June twenty-fourth Armchair historian Griffin Johnson. Points to a wide number of factors. That made this battle and the battles that followed difficult and occasionally disastrous for the Italians. The Italian army.

Jim Powell Mussolini Mussalini Adolf Hitler Italy Fascist Party France pains Clara Petacci Germany Switzerland Italian army spotify Rome Mussalini Chano Fidel Castro Venezia facebook
"mussolini" Discussed on Parcast Presents

Parcast Presents

05:48 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Parcast Presents

"Under the control of the government. Were actually quite successful. Powell says has Mussolini's government simplified tax code cut taxes curbed spending liberalize trade restrictions and abolished rent controls calls. These policies provided a powerful stimulus between nineteen twenty one in nineteen twenty five. The Italian economy grew more within twenty percent. Unemployment fell seventy seven percent. But this was done at the cost of liberty. Factories produced what he told them to. Bureaucrats were paid off with government money. Any dissidents were jailed and propaganda played continuously in the theaters to make sure no one noticed and lest we forget. A key component in the fascist framework was the perpetuation of violent mechanical war. Mussolini knew that he needed to keep the factories producing and the young people. Fighting universities could be a hotbed for socialism. Better the young people people were distracted. Italy had been pushed out of its African colonies in the late eighteen. Hundreds and Mussalini knew that he could be seen as restoring during Rome's glory if he retook them again. An ironic turn considering one of his original reasons for joining the Socialist Party in the early early. Nineteen hundreds was to escape fighting in another war in Africa on October. Third Nineteen thirty five. He launched a four hundred route. Thousand Man invasion of Ethiopia employing all of the technology of modern warfare including mustard guests. It was is a horrific display of colonial violence destroying a country in service of one. Man's ambition although he was extremely racist toward black Africans. He did not agree with the growing anti-semitism of the Germans to the north. In fact as Mussalini Cellini and Hitler's power grew Hitler constantly pursued an alliance but Mussalini remained aloof. He would always deal with the Nazis lease through an emissary. It's possible that his egos simply kept him from wanting to give Hitler too much credit. His fellow dictator had taken a lot of his ideas and run with them. The Land and resources available to the Germans were much more than the Italians had they were destined to become the new empire fire. The Third Reich Not Mussolini's Rome but it's also genuinely possible that Mussalini recognized the radical fervor in Hitler that he himself did not really possess. Certainly he didn't immediately embrace Hitler's public anti-semitism in one thousand nine hundred eighty four. He even van reportedly said there has never been anti-semitism in Italy. They were tens of thousands of Jews in Italy. And it's possible that he didn't want to provoke boom. In his socialist years he had lived and worked with many Jewish people even dated one but his loyalties were about to be put to the test. And as we've seen there was no ideal no line Mussalini wooden cross in the pursuit of his own power if he was going to keep his fascist fascist war engine running he would need to continue to invade other countries nations like France and England would never allow this Germany and he was the only ideological ally even if that meant allying with Hitler even if that meant turning on his own Jewish citizens by nineteen thirty seven both Italy and Germany pulled out of the League of Nations by Nineteen Nineteen thirty nine Mussalini had sent his troops into neighboring Albania. And Hitler would of course famously invade Poland that same year by Nineteen Forty World War Two was underway and the tables had turned it was now Mussalini. Who had to show admiration for Hitler? Mussalini visited Munich requesting that certain portions of Franson Africa be handed over to the Italians. When Hitler refused used Mussalini realized that his admiring fan had now become the face of fascism even if in Germany it was called National National Socialism previously the dynamic had been one of distant mentor and Pupil with Mussalini as the mentor being that Nazi Germany? Germany had always shown such an affinity for fascist Italy. Mussolini perhaps assumed that Hitler would continue to treat his country favorably but that that was not the case Hitler had come into his own and he now dismissed his old idol as just another groveling general regardless Mussolini leaney would not check his ambition. He would not realize a mistake rather than turning away from this new ally an ally proving to be an entirely different sprint evil altogether he continued their alliance beginning the Second World War in earnest and eventually capitulating to the antisemitic philosophies sophy of Nazi Germany before the war was over thousands of Jews would be forced from Italy and killed in Nazi concentration -centration camps. It was now Mussalini. WHO had made a deal with the devil though he didn't know it? This deal was the beginning of the end..

Hitler Mussolini Mussalini Cellini Italy Germany van Socialist Party Mussalini Rome Ethiopia Africa Powell emissary League of Nations Franson Africa Munich Poland France Albania
"mussolini" Discussed on Parcast Presents

Parcast Presents

11:15 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Parcast Presents

"But I his old friends. The Socialists were going to accidentally pave the way the years immediately following the war. Nineteen eighteen through nineteen twenty saw an upswing in popularity for the Socialist Movement in Italy Socialist politicians gained seats in parliament and inspired crippling labor labor strikes throughout the country and though the masses of poor peasant workers were happy with their new socialist gains better wages an eight hour workday their middle and upper class bosses feared an uprising Mussalini. Always looking for where he fit into. Things saw away to harness this fear for his own gain. He organized his followers into a new group. The revolutionary combatants the Fascist Party. They immediately set out to do exactly what their name implied. Beginning in large city centers and then spreading out to smaller. Towns the the fascists who would become better known as blackshirts due to their uniform terrorized socialist leaders. They would arrive in the night threatening to burn down the homes of their enemies if they didn't come out to quote unquote chat once they did come out. The socialist in question would be beaten If they were lucky other times they were defecated on or they themselves were forced to defecate on socialist literature or inaugural most infamously. The blackshirts would force castor oil down of victims throat causing them to have terrible diarrhea and stomach cramps with certain socialist leaders so thoroughly humiliated. Many of their followers were too afraid to speak out against the blackshirts. Fascists were also also becoming more prevalent in the universities. We mentioned that students studying the classics were inspired by Mussolini's references to ancient Rome. But young students were also enthralled by the way he looked to the future specifically with an artistic movement known as Future Ism back in nineteen o nine one of miscellaneous fellow writers FELIPO Marin Nettie had published the manifesto of future ISM which laid laid out his vision for a political and artistic movement characterized by violence machines and movement. The manifesto reads like a rant and starting off with a maddening story about how Marin Nettie while drunk driving crashed his car and blamed it on to bicyclist who quote got in his way. He took this as a sign. The bicycles represented the pitiful technology of the past and his car. The much more powerful Foale Technology of the future in the manifesto he lays out eleven points most of which are toxic one particularly bad one reads we want to glorify war. The only cure for the world militarism patriotism the destructive gesture of the anarchists the beautiful ideas which kill and contempt for woman. The contempt for woman almost feels tacked on but this this was a growing aspect of Italian conservative thought if war survival of the fittest was the sole pursuit of life. Then men were the thought to be the natural leaders of society. It was the woman's role to be Exalted Mother of future Italian Heroes. Many feminists balked balked at this. But some women were seduced by the prospect futurist thought is very obviously forerunner to fascist thought and indeed indeed Marin Nettie and others like him would go onto join Mussolini's movement there were even futurist portrait's of Il duca featuring striking violent arlen lines and extreme contrasts think art deco meets surrealism. This kind of integration is how Mussalini slowly they won over the hearts and minds of Italians. Young and old. The irony is that Mussolini didn't really do anything practical to become popular in Italy. He didn't expose corruption or implement some popular policy. He relied on stoking anger and fear the anger of the poor working class in small towns. Who felt that? The wealthy had taken advantage of them and the fear that the wealthy had of the poor that they would rise up in socialist revolution and make everyone just like them the contradictions that had always plagued miscellany now worked to whose benefit through this method he would achieve his ultimate goal in May nineteen twenty one. Parliamentary alimentary elections took place to fill the five hundred thirty five seats of the legislative body. There were multiple competing parties including the fascists so she lists Catholics liberals and Communists then Prime Minister Giovanni Judy wanted to create a coalition that would ensure sure he stayed in office though his politics were typically a mix of progressive and conservative policies. He found himself losing popularity with the increasingly unle demanding socialists. A Prime Minister could only stay in office if they were supported by a majority of the sitting members of parliament. And so oh. He reached out to the fascists hoping to elect some of them to parliament in a bid to keep himself in power as a result Mussalini. The and dozens of fellow fascists were voted into office that month it was the first time Mussalini held actual political power. This was far more dangerous than anyone realized next. Mussolini becomes PREEN leader of Italy. Now back to the story Italian politics were tumultuous in the years following World War One and fascist leader Benito. Mussolini Leaney knew how to harness that chaos for his own ends in many ways Mussalini type role of government long before he was ever recognized just as leader between May Nineteen Twenty One and October nineteen twenty two. He organized a large network of fascist organizations including polluting economic unions and paramilitary troops they mostly just continued to combat the socialists and bully businesses into agreeing being with their policies as to what to produce who to hire how to spend the fascist had their own finance ministers and their own enforcement enforcement. It was only a matter of time before the king recognize them as the leaders of Italy and many still fearing the rise of the Socialists. I gladly supported the fascists. They were becoming even more brazen completely destroying socialist newspapers and meeting places is it was now all illegal to be socialist according to historian. Michael are abner. This reached a crescendo on October. Twenty the eight nine thousand nine hundred eighty two when the fascist prevented the publication of not only socialist newspapers but any kind of Daily News this ensured ensured that they had time to construct the narrative of what was about to happen. They pushed the perception that the country was aflame with violence. If it was it was the fascists who were causing it but they managed to blame the Socialists. This was indicative of the political chaos. The fascist ashes sewed the freshly unified country was more fragmented than ever with Socialists and fascists in both the cities and more rural areas King King Victor Emmanuel the third and then Prime Minister Luigi factor initially opposed Mussalini in fact factor who had only been in an office since February wanted to declare Rome under siege. But the king feared civil war and he knew that his cousin Emanuele Filiberto airtel was pro fascist. Filiberto was next in line for the throne and could be used to replace Victor Emmanuel if anything sudden and tragic agic should happen to him afraid for his life and desperate to restore order to his country. The king made a phone call. He was about to make good deal with the devil. The fascists were popular with rural workers. As we've mentioned Mussolini Leney was able to appeal to their anger toward the wealthy and foreign countries in a way that the Socialists failed to Mussolini's belief in capitalistic production. Adoption made the wealthy more comfortable with him as well and so on October. Twenty nine th one thousand nine hundred ninety two. The King asked Mussolini to be the Prime Minister. Mussolini and his fascist thousands in number marched into Rome on October thirtieth. Mussolini wore his black Kurt along with black pants black shoes with white spats and military sash. He didn't look like a dictator so much as some sort of waiter but he had plenty of time to learn how to look the part. The king officially recognized him as Prime Minister Minister of the interior and and Minister for foreign affairs almost immediately. Mussolini took on emergency powers. That kept him in office indefinitely. He he used his new power to fill parliament with fascists and passed laws that formerly made socialism illegal throughout the following year in nineteen twenty three his former allies who had shunned him for supporting. The war were now thrown in jail or worse Mussalini had now realized a decade long quest for revenge. He had transformed his passion for socialist politics into a hate for anyone and anything deep thing that got between him and power he was the ideal Italian man. How could he not be? He was in charge of the whole country and he had done it using the Italian values that he had always known were Superior Masculinity Aggression Nationalism Confucianism and a splash of socialism that he would no longer acknowledge. Now was the time to implement these beliefs in the actual governance of Italy to return it to the glory that he had promised libertarian researcher. Jim Powell writes that Mussalini. He's economic policies. A unique blend of privately owned businesses.

Mussolini Italy Prime Minister Fascist Party Mussalini Socialist Movement Marin Nettie King King Victor Emmanuel Mussolini Leaney Mussolini Leney Rome King Prime Minister Giovanni Judy diarrhea Emanuele Filiberto Jim Powell Foale Technology Victor Emmanuel
"mussolini" Discussed on Parcast Presents

Parcast Presents

11:15 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Parcast Presents

"This separation from his country. Ironically Roenick Lee allowed him time to consider what exactly it meant to be Italian in Switzerland. He saw many of the same problems as at home. MM that country was already the location of many of the large banks. It's famous for today and there was a large lower class that saw none of that money. Switzerland was thus a hotbed for socialism. Mussolini met with Socialist leaders wrote for socialist newspapers and clashed with the police. This playground gave him enough distance from Italian politics to think about them objectively. The country had been united in eighteen. Sixty one under new monarchy and with the prime minister and parliament. It was supposed to be a new dawn for Italy. Even a return turn to the days of the Glorious Roman Empire Fifteen hundred years before but this unification had meant nothing for the average Italian they they still have to toil some in factories others in fields and mines and in one thousand nine hundred to a majority of Italian still weren't even allowed to vote clearly unification just meant that the top one percent now centrally controlled the labour and product of the working class in Switzerland. Mussolini learned from leaders of Socialist. Thought men like Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky two founders of the Russian revolution and Devout Marxists. They helped him home. The idea of what Italians socialism should look like. They're awards of Italian Labor in the hands hands of Italian workers and no one else. Not The king not parliament not the Austrians. But while men like Karl Marx marks were calling for self rule. Mussalini never seemed to settle on an exact prescription for what a modern government should look like. His belief system was heavy with contradiction. He wrote that. Socialism means the elevation and purification of the individual conscience and his achievement will be the result of a long series of efforts. This seemed to suggest that he believed in the combined efforts of society the as a whole rather than the triumphs of the individual but he also admired the idea of the best and brightest pushing to the top Mussalini leaney read Darwin and absorbed his message of struggling against tradition authority dogma. This was survival of the fittest philosophy philosophy. The idea that people in power are in power because of certain traits that make them better suited for it. Mussolini couldn't wouldn't believe in both the collective achievements of society and the survival of the fittest. History would tell which side he leaned toward his racial racial politics were similarly convoluted Mussalini. Hated the nationalist racist philosophies arising in Germany but at the same in time he spoke of an Italian soul and was dismissive of their Slavic neighbors to the northeast so he didn't like an emphasis on national national identity unless it was Italian national identity and he didn't like racism but he had certain racial prejudices. It was almost as if the masculine ideals instilled by his father and sharpened and Catholic. School would never release their hold because because as much as he admired. The worker focused ideals of socialism he also seemed to find socialism somewhat feminine many Socialists preached the idea of a global society free of borders where everyone was equal this sounded like fanciful nonsense to him. Italy needed it to become a world power that was the only way for him to show the world the hard labor ideals of his youth were superior the only way eight to show the world that Italians were true men that he was a true man his image of the ideal man was now the image of the ideal Italian man strong aggressive not Catholic socialist but only in so far as you maintain a sense of masculinity and national identity in one thousand nine hundred four a twenty one year old Mussalini was expelled from MHM Switzerland and forced to return to Italy after inspiring multiple riots against police and falsifying documents. He returned to his home country with a New Vision. He would inspire the rural working class. That had been a part of he would do this by playing on the masculine ideals of hard hard work and painting the ruling class as a feet out of touch parasites he would paint the Catholic Church with the same brush and his fellow Socialists. Well hopefully they would go along with his emphasis on an Italian identity. Italian product in Italian hands not part of some larger European collective that exploited their labor just as the king was currently doing his goal was to inspire socialist revolution in Italy but by the time he was done there would hardly be an Italy. Left at all next Mussalini forms the fascist party now back to the story in nineteen. Oh four 21-year-old anyone year-old Benito Mussolini returned to Italy after years of working with Socialists. In Switzerland Italy was still suffering from the rule of a despotic despotic. upper-class Mussolini was angered by the continued violence against socialist workers who protested for safer working conditions and better wages. Gosh he saw workers in the industrialized north being killed by machinery. He some miners in the UN industrialized South Contracting Tuberculosis He would spend the next several years as a teacher and writer largely in the Italian city of Foley. Having learned French while he was abroad abroad he could now translate the radical anarchist and socialist treatises from France and distribute them among the Italian working class by nineteen nineteen ten. His weekly newspaper was inspiring new Socialist converts throughout the smaller towns of the north. He was one of them but he was educated and worldly able to expose them to ideas they'd never heard of before his emphasis on masculinity and Italian identity interested. trysted them even more. But there was a new philosophy that Mussalini was exposed to that would further alter the course of his socialist thought. According to author Richard Hallion Mussalini was a fanatic for flight when he saw a French. Aviator Louis Blair Yo. Oh fly his plane across the English Channel in nineteen O nine. He was awed by the possibilities of the age he was living in. It was like looking up to see via dragon or angel trailing through the clouds. Anything was possible. In this new era for Mussalini. There was never any doubt that this new technological age was one to embrace. The future was right. The past full of kings and priests was wrong. The ideal Italian man was strong aggressive nationalistic socialist anti-catholic anti-monarchy and futurist first movement machines they would give rise to a new Italy. His audience grew by nineteen eighteen eleven. He was an editor for a major newspaper. Mussalini adamantly promoted socialist sentiments with his words while beginning to call her physical action to implement them. He was inciting violence as he had once done. In Switzerland at his word Socialists rioted in in blocked the railway lines that supplied the corrupt government of the king. Mussolini was promptly sent to jail. He would be there from October. Nineteen eleven to to March nineteen twelve. This only made him more of a socialist hero. In December nineteen twelve he was given the editorship of avant the leading socialist newspaper in Italy his fellow socialists literally toasted him throwing banquet and allegedly saying from today. Eh You Benito are not only the representative of the Romagna Socialists. But the duty of all Revolutionary Socialists in Italy that nickname ill do jay which means the leader would stick with him for the rest of time. Mussolini and men like him had inspired inspired some change. Nineteen twelve would see the expansion of suffrage in Italy to include most men even the lower class thus parliament lament and the prime minister were increasingly more powerful seen as at least somewhat representing the interests of the people against that of the king and yet it ironically just a few years later. Mussolini was forced to leave the Socialist Party and step down from anti the years leading up to World War. One made the Great War seem inevitable. Endless alliances endless monarchy squabbling and an industrialized allies war engine. That was just begging to be tested the Socialists in Italy by and large so world war one for what it was yet another opportunity community for the rich to profit. Off of the exploitation of the poor working class men would be drafted they would die and whichever government it one would have new lands and new citizens to pay taxes but there was one among their number who didn't agree. Mussolini leaney always maintained a preference for Italian nationalism that his fellow Socialists rejected. He didn't buy into their belief in a global society. Righty and with World War One. He saw a way for Italy to reestablish itself as an individual power they could take territory from the Austrians and form alliances with important powers like England and Russia additionally war was representative of the masculine aggression. Shen that had been ingrained in him since childhood. It was also the literal embodiment of machines creating new future as he had always believed they would loyd planes boats.

Benito Mussolini Italy Richard Hallion Mussalini Switzerland Socialist Party Switzerland Italy prime minister Roenick Lee Romagna Socialists Karl Marx representative Vladimir Lenin Catholic Church Germany Mussalini MHM Switzerland
"mussolini" Discussed on Dictators

Dictators

10:37 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Dictators

"Three the the ideal Italian man strong aggressive anti-religion anti-monarchy anti women had no way of recovering from mm failure. That list of traits didn't include introspection or listening to the wisdom of others which meant that. Mussolini fail to realize that Chano General Vittorio and Brosio and another than King Victor Emmanuel the third were plotting to remove him from power on July twenty ninety four nineteen forty-three a meeting of the Grand Concilio Delphi. She's was called. This was the ruling council of Fascists. It's who had helped form the new government in the early days. Before all powers were eventually conferred on Mussalini on a surface level. This was meant to help. The ill do che through a crisis but in practice it would allow the most powerful members of the party to legally vote to give command of the military back to the king. At first Mac nations came as a relief to miscellany. He was happy to have others to blame for the failure of the war on July ninth. Nineteen thinking forty-three the allies invaded Sicily. Things couldn't get much worse. Why not step down and yet when Mussalini attended the meeting he adamantly adamantly defended his performance as supreme leader? This didn't help his case he was still experiencing stomach pain and he came across as a decrepit decrepit madman he truly seemed to be oscillating between a solemn acceptance of his failure and desperate need to blame it on everyone else regardless of vote was taken and power was given back to the king. It was the first time in over a decade that anyone in the country. We had legal or Marshall Power besides Mussolini. He was so overwhelmed with emotion with anger and embarrassment and fear he failed to note. What a titanic shift this would cause in Italy? He seemed to have fallen into a state of denial when he arrived at his cavernous office. The next day workers noted that he acted like nothing had changed on July twenty fifth nineteen forty-three he went to meet with the King King. He did this regularly. And perhaps assume this would just be another routine discussion but when he met with the king. Mussolini was told that he was the most hated man in Italy. It was true and stunning. Considering that he had been the most beloved just a few years surly or the crippling anxiety and depression that this must have caused left Mussolini's still unable to comprehend the magnitude of what was happening. The dictator of five years ago would have hardly allowed anyone to talk to him like this. His strength and aggression were replaced by fatigue and resignation nation. After he left the meeting he was accosted by Royal Police. Captain Paolo Vignerie had orders to take him into custody Eh. It was for his own safety. Of course the next few weeks where at once a whirlwind and a painful slog Mussolini went from being the leader array of prominent nation to a prisoner with no access to the outside he was shuttled from dilapidated home too dilapidated home for fear that one one of his many enemies would try to kill him not that his fascist captors treated him particularly well he was forced to wear the same suit he had been taken in for some time according to biographer. Rj Be Bosworth. His only preoccupations were to read and chat with a Catholic priest East. We can only imagine the thrill that gave him. Meanwhile his stomach still bothered him constantly. Eventually he was taken to the hotel compo Emperor Tori and unimpressive red building on the slopes of the appenine mountains in central Italy. He could only stare out the beautiful grassy plateau six thousand feet above Rome and wonder where it had all gone wrong. His life had changed so dramatically. From the days of being a blacksmith son to a schoolteacher to a Socialist newspaper man and then a dictator. There was so much hope at the beginning socialist mentors who told him of a new world order where workers seized the fruits of their labours. And even those early days of government though not bloodless were marked by Italy more united than it had ever been in a shared purpose. Could he see now how his own selfishness and arrogance made it all for not what business did a newspaper man have running a country much less trying to command hand a prominent position in the most violent conflict in history. Perhaps he thought this or perhaps he continued to fume at the injustice this that he felt had been done to him his own people rioting giving up on the fascist dream. It occurred to him that his own son-in-law Chano must have been a part of the KU whatever his State of mind at this point it was soon broken up by the arrival of mysterious glider crashing into the field in front of the hotel. Everyone at the hotel watched in surprise as nine more gliders crashed into the field old then that surprise turned to horror as multiple. SS troopers emerged charging toward the hotel. One particularly dangerous looking looking one introduced himself to the commanding Italian officer as Lieutenant Colonel Otto. Skorzeny they were here to take Mussolini and they preferred to do it without violence. The Italian guards stood down some of them out of fear. Others out of loyalty to their former allies is or to Mussalini within ten minutes. A biplane arrived to escort Mussolini and Skorzeny's to Germany. Hitler was rescuing wing is old ally next. Mussalini faces a reckoning now back to the story on September Twelfth Nineteen forty three Nazi soldiers staged a daring rescue of the deposed Italian dictator Benito thome Mussalini. The FUHR had decided he was too valuable an ally to leave to fate. Mussolini likely felt conflicted about this. His continued imprisonment was humiliating. Not to mention boring. And he feared what the allies would do to him if he was handed over. What this now comment that he was more aligned with Hitler than ever the Germans would have to win the war or they would all hang? Mussalini arrived in Rustenburg on September fourteenth greeted with much fanfare. He walked out of the plane to a smiling Hitler who shook his hand and said some kind words but later when they were in private the conversation took on a less jovial tone. The war was still not going well especially in Italy. After Mussolini's arrest the king and the remaining fascists attempted to make peace with the allies but the allies had continued with at their invasion of mainland Italy and any remaining fascist leadership had fled. The Nazis now occupied the northern half of the country three including Rome and they had taken prisoner any remaining fascist soldiers for fear of them betraying the Third Reich as the leadership had the allies. Still Oh controlled the south and we're gaining territory. According to writer haired Vander Hitler told Mussalini. I will be very clear. Northern Italy will be forced to envy the fate of Poland. If you do not want to rekindle the alliance between Germany and Italy by taking charge of a new new state and a new government. He was threatening to dissolve Italy as a country entirely unless Mussolini went back and tried to run a fascist government. Right from the north to the Nationalist Mussolini who had staked everything on making Italy its own United Nation. This was the ultimate threat for all he knew. Germany still stood some chance of winning the war and with this crazed forceful transfix ing dictator in front of him. How could he say no? His mind was so adult by the whirlwind of events of the past few months he was in no position to debate to try to get out of this and so he agreed to return to Italy. His new government was a sham regime known as the sallow republic public. He took up residence in Milan where he was only occasionally allowed to give speeches. He spoke of how National Socialism was. Really what he had in mind all along with fascism how would lack the flaws of those other methods of government. Hitler was putting words in his mouth. It was clear or that Mussalini had truly fallen as in previous decades. He would never subsume his ego not to mention his party to the whims of a fanatic. Attic who had only a decade ago. Ben A joke in Italy the sallow republic represented everything that was terrifying about the Nazis in Rome home and other major cities they rounded Jews Communist and any other quote unquote undesirables and deported them to concentration camps. In October Coburn nineteen forty-three thousands died. As a result of this a growing resistance fought back staging small-scale attacks on Nazi forces. They only had to bide their time until the allies reached Rome. They were winning battles nearly every day. Slowly taking territory territory in the south of the peninsula whether Mussolini truly embrace these deportations is unclear but he was irrevocably associated with at them regardless his darkest personal moment came in January nineteen.

Mussolini Italy Benito thome Mussalini Vander Hitler Rome Germany King Victor Emmanuel King King council of Fascists Northern Italy Sicily Chano General Vittorio Marshall Power Mussalini Brosio Captain Paolo Vignerie Royal Police Rj Milan Skorzeny
"mussolini" Discussed on Dictators

Dictators

10:53 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Dictators

"Mussolini had to save face. His entire. A platform was predicated on masculine strength on the ability to wage. Modern Mechanical War. The ideal Italian man was strong aggressive. Progressive A futurist. He would show the World Mussolini's next move was to invade Egypt from Libya which had been an Italian colony. Since before for the rise of the fascists the invasion began in September nineteen forty this was meant to fulfil Mo- SELENA's promise of a new empire what what was more Roman than conquering Egypt but again his armies inferior skill and equipment. Where their undoing the British forces in Egypt obstruc out first attacking the Italian camps and taking almost all of the soldiers prisoner? Hitler would have to send one of his best generals. ARAVIND Arvin Rommel to clean up yet another mess of Mussolini's in the Western Desert campaign that raged from February nineteen forty one to May nineteen eighteen. Forty three but the humiliation didn't stop there. Mussolini couldn't accept that his army was completely useless against that have pretty much any other European country he thought that perhaps the British has simply been too well entrenched in Egypt. Maybe a smaller country would be easier view pickings and so. He ordered his army into Greece and Albania in October. Nineteen forty both were right across the sea from the Italian peninsula and were of course part of the Roman empire of centuries past the Greeks would not let their country fall so easily. This was is a classic case of Home Field Advantage. They knew the rocky terrain well and were able to outmaneuver and in general out fight the larger Italian army. The Greek campaign was indeed a repeat of ancient history but not the episode Mussalini had expected allied press which would have inevitably made its way to Mussalini hailed the Greeks as modern spartans holding off the armies of Zirk cities or in this case the Italian of Cellini nineteen forty one was thus the year of Germany cleaning up Italy's messes. We mentioned that air. Vin Even Rommel was forced to hold off the British advance in Libya now. In April German forces had to invade Greece. The German army was superior earier for all the reasons. The Italian army was inferior. Hitler's bureaucracy worked. It was filled with talented individuals with undying loyalty to his cause. Germany had abundant resources. That allowed it to produce a seemingly infinite supply of high tech war machines and most importantly importantly there was strong support in Germany. By those who believed in Hitler and his 'cause this is where a Mussalini is waffling. Political beliefs came back to to bite him. He used socialism to appeal to the poor rural working class. He used romantic rhetoric about the Roman Empire and the power of technology to appeal to the middle class and the wealthy. But this meant he stood for different things to different people and so as soon as the food started running Out and the bombs started falling. His support collapsed. Meanwhile Hitler was truly recreating the Holy Roman Empire and was delivering on on his horrible promise to exterminate the Jewish people. As terrible as it was Germany's anti-semitism made it into a powerful hole force. The Nazi soldiers fought because they believed that if they lost than the capitalists and Communists would take over Germany and they believed that both of those groups were really just Jews in disguise scheming to conquer the whole world but Italian ideology was more muddled. Some Italian soldiers fought to improve the lot of the peasant class some odd because they saw themselves as ancient Romans or dashing futurists what all of those ideas were too disparate too weak to maintain a fighting spirit in a sense Hitler's fear mongering was more effective than Mussolini's Salina's message of a hopeful future. Mussalini failed to raise the quality of life for the lower class and he failed to deliver the new Roman republic like that. The wealthy looked forward to this was never more true than in the summer of nineteen forty one. When the Germans had conquered Greece without Italian help Hitler then chose to invade Russia without consulting Mussolini? Nevertheless the Italians were still expected to contribute hundreds the thousands of soldiers to that Front Mussolini's people felt that they now had to ship their young men to a distant part of the globe to fight a battle that they had no stake in and that was the truth. Mussalini had lost control of Italy's part. In the war this was also apparent in Ethiopia. PROPIA where the British expelled Italian forces that had bled to take that country just six years earlier fascist monuments were yanked down into the sand meanwhile in Italy the factories were spent trade was reduced to zero and any food that people could grow was sent to the warfront in order to survive. Italy would have to rely on supplies from Germany. In just a year's time Mussalini had accomplished the opposite of an empire he had turned Italy into a German vessel next. Mussolini becomes a puppet dictator now back to the story in just a year's time Benito Mussolini Supreme Leader of Italy. The perfect man had lost almost every battle. He fought in and transformed his empire into vassal. To the fanatical powers of Nazi. Germany mini to those around him. His state of mind was unclear though. It's easy enough to imagine how the EGO centric leader felt about being the laughing stock doc of Europe. Men like his son-in-law Elliott so chano urged him to make peace with the allies but he was convinced that Germany would win the war in late. One thousand nine hundred forty one. That wasn't such a crazy position to take. The United States was still neutral though. They favored the allies France. Dance was a conquered nation and Britain was being slowly choked to death by U boats. Only Russia seemed able to withstand the German assault and so- Mussalini opted to stay in the war telling his men. We must accept this situation as any attempt at reaction. Will we'll be a reason to degrade us from the status of a confederate province to something worse than colony. Even if they would ask us for Trieste tomorrow because that would be a vital vitals city for Germany. We should bow our heads. He was saying that it was better. To be a friend of the Third Reich then to become one of its servants. Ervin's it's hard to say for certain but it's possible miscellany bore some regret for allying with fanatical. Nazis Italian fascists were. We're fanatical in their own way. But their society was more well Roman it was concerned chiefly with masculinity and less with with race in the near mysticism of the Hitler Colt as nineteen forty. Two arrived in full swing. Things only got worse. The allies intensified their attacks on Italy bombing. Major Cities Mussalini now had to watch his country. Burn the stress of this began. Take a physical toll. He became almost deathly. Ill developing severe stomach pains that no doctor could correctly diagnose us some said alters others dared to suggest that it was psychosomatic Mussolini's body was punishing him for what he had done. Condition eventually stabilized best treated with a diet of warm milk and fruit a further humiliation. Mussolini now dined like can infant. Meanwhile Mussalini could only watch as Hitler took what should have been an easy victory into a rapidly Lee declining situation. He allied with the Japanese who foolishly bombed Pearl Harbor in December nineteen forty one and brought the Americans into the the war. He failed to realize that British cryptographer had cracked German communications reducing the advantage of German u boats to nil and he continued to push the Soviet front killing millions and only inspiring Russian troops to fight harder. It was the Russian front. That would be Mussolini's undoing in early. Nineteen forty three. The Italian people were already deeply unhappy. With how many of their sons were being sent went to die. In the Cold Tundra of the east the food shortages were also becoming unbearable. His people began to go on. Hunger strikes that crippled whatever production capabilities Italy had left. The ideal Italian man had now officially become the monarch that he always despised as with King Umberto from miscellaneous youth. His people were rebelling then the worst happened failing failing to gain any ground in Russia and fearing an allied invasion of France. Hitler ended his campaign in the Soviet Union in July nineteen forty-three all of the Italian sacrifice had been for nothing even worse. The first allied campaign to retake Europe would not be in France but Italy herself. The Americans and the British were coming to personally put an end to Mussolini's empire. He was furious at home. He fired ministers and replace them with new ones. He was deflecting trying to make himself seem in control well when he was anything but Chano wrote that. Mussolini now understood that his role was very much secondary to Hitler's but even that was kind. Mussolini probably didn't make the top ten when it came to access leadership by nineteen forty.

Front Mussolini Hitler Germany Mussalini Italy Benito Mussolini Egypt Roman Empire Italian army ARAVIND Arvin Rommel Greece Europe Libya German army Holy Roman Empire Mo- SELENA Chano Russia Ethiopia
"mussolini" Discussed on Parcast Presents

Parcast Presents

10:48 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Parcast Presents

"Welcome to dictators a new podcast original. I'm Richard and I'm kate with this series. We want to go deep deep into the minds of some of history's most hated despots. We all know about the atrocities committed by the likes of Hitler and Stalin in the United States. We're familiar with longtime American adversaries. Such as Fidel Castro and Kim Jong UN dictators will trace the psychological cultural and unspiritual influences that transform these individuals either. They were born psychopathic or they were hardened by circumstance without fail. It went from wanting to save their country to destroying it. You can find all episodes of dictators and all other park cast originals for free on spotify fi or wherever you listen to podcasts to stream dictators for free on spotify. Just open the APP and type dictators in the search bar podcast. We're we're grateful for you our listeners. You allow us to do what we love. Let us know how we're doing reach out on facebook and Instagram at podcast and twitter at podcast network. And if you enjoyed today's episode the best way to help us is to leave a five star review. Wherever you're listening? It really does help. Last week we began our discussion Russian of World War Two dictators by tracing the rise of the man who invented Fascism Benito Mussolini today. We'll see how Mussolini's decision to join World War. Two on the side of the Germans proved disastrous to his rule. His oscillation between whichever ideologies suited his purpose. It came back to bite him as Talion of all political persuasions turned against him. Mussolini had been in power since October. Nineteen twenty two but in May nineteen forty. He had a decision to make. Hitler had ordered his Nazis into Poland. In September of the previous year written and France responded by declaring war on Germany and now in nineteen forty. Everyone looked to Italy early to see which way it would fall. Mussolini's Fascists of course had more in common ideologically with the Germans Fascism and national socialism socialism. Were basically one in the same believe in the party. Obey the party. Fight for the party. Mussolini's image of the ideal Italian man Dan which he had been cultivating since childhood. Would now be put to the test. Could the ideal Italian man win a World War. He would sit in his offices at the Palazzo Venezia ruminating on the decision. It was a massive empty space with just a small desk next to the Gargantuan Gansu in fireplace above the hearth. There was a triangle with the fastest in the center. An axe with a bundle of wood around it. This was the symbol of Fascist authority a symbol of ancient Rome Mussalini had promised a return to the glory of that Long Dead Empire. He couldn't deliver over on that promise. If he didn't conquer the world on the side of the Germans many had tried to talk him out of joining the war including Elliott so chano his his foreign secretary and son-in-law Italy was not ready according to researcher. Jim Powell Mussolini's knees fascist economic policies while initially successful had turned sour over the previous decade intervening and industry telling citizens where to work telling factory owners what to produce initially saw a decrease in unemployment and an increase in production but when everyone took took their orders from one central authority things quickly became inefficient by nineteen twenty five just three years into his dictatorship. Mussalini couldn't keep everything straight often approving contradictory orders from different finance ministers bureaucrats at every level. Expect expect to be paid off with government subsidies as they had been since the fascist took over soon it became extremely difficult to produce anything as a web of bureaucracy had to be navigated to get approval for any action. Production went down imports. Were down to. As the fascist system emphasized Italian products prices spiked and the Workers Mussalini had championed suddenly. Couldn't afford to eat but Mussalini was never one for honest introspection. He blamed everyone but himself constantly replacing his ministers and demanding that his people work order the ideal Italian man started to resemble the monarchs he hated in his youth meanwhile in Germany he saw the younger more fanatic Adolf Hitler gained the full support of his people and use their considerable resources sources to conquer Poland Norway Denmark and much of France in short order. The axis was doing what he had always wanted to do. They were reforming the Empire that Mussalini had promised to his people. His son-in-law Chano reminded him of his younger self idealistic energetic attic and yet China was against the war but all Mussalini could think was that he owed it to men like Chano to deliver a glorious New Italy League in early nineteen forty. He had seemed to agree. That war was a bad idea but by June he had changed his mind. They join the Germans and sees their destiny. Mussolini declared war on the Allies on June tenth. Nineteen forty he said we Liam Bark on our campaign against the plutocratic and reactionary regimes. In the West we wish to break the military and territorial shackles that strangle us in our own. See because a nation of forty five million inhabitants will only be free if it has free access to the ocean and so he made the war about gaining new territory for Italy in calling the allies plutocratic or essentially capitalist cronies. He's he tried to create a contrast that highlighted his own country as more equal and free men in his government. Such as Chano didn't dare disagree disagree. They knew what happened to those who went against the party. And so the Italian military food shortages and all was mobilized for war. You're on June. Tenth nineteen forty their first move was to attack southern France and capture monotone a port town on the border between Italy and France. It's Mussolini wanted to support Hitler on the French front and gain as much territory in that country. As possible the port was captured around June twenty-fourth North Armchair historian Griffin Johnson points to a wide number of factors that made this battle and the battles that followed difficult and occasionally disastrous for the Italians. The Italian army was somewhat ramshackle. To begin with many young men had been killed or injured just five years earlier. During miscellaneous conquest of Ethiopia. That war was popular in Italy as it showed that Mussolini could do what monarchs of the past. I had failed to do but it had angered the League of nations. which was powerless to do anything about it? This new war would ultimately make Mussalini Cellini unpopular both at home and around the world on the home front newly conscripted soldiers were often peasants who had little training and poor understanding of how to operate the heavy machinery of modern warfare. The people knew their sons were being sent off to die. Italy's inefficient factories produced sub-standard equipment to the point that some soldiers preferred to use World War. One era guns because because they were more reliable historian Frank. Joseph even found that allied soldiers actually appreciated Italian artillery as the shells often failed failed to explode upon impact. The country couldn't get out from behind the curve as its coastal geography meant. Its resources were too scarce as always always Italy would never be Germany. If for no other reason than the fact that Germany had more forests mines and oil deposits when France surrendered to Germany. Me and Italy in late. June nineteen forty Italy's only gain was the aforementioned coastal town of Montagne. The Germans had done most of the the fighting and everyone knew it of Italy. Hitler said I they were too cowardly to take part now. They're in a hurry so that they can share. Share in the spoils though he maintained public support for Italy and with Cellini privately. He knew that it was only a matter of time before they became vessel. Mussolini had to save face. His entire platform was predicated on masculine strength on the ability to wage. Modern Mechanical War. The ideal Italian man was strong aggressive. futurist he would show the world doc. Mussolini's next move was to invade Egypt from Libya which had been an Italian colonies since before the rise of the fascists. The invasion began in September timber. Nineteen forty this was meant to fulfill Mussolini's promise of a new empire what was more Roman than conquering Egypt but again Dan his armies inferior skill and equipment where their undoing the British forces in Egypt struck out first attacking the Italian camps and taking being almost all of the soldiers prisoner. Hitler would have to send one of his best. Generals Aravind Rommel to clean up yet another mess of Mussolini's Leaney's in the Western Desert campaign that raged from February nineteen forty one to May nineteen forty three but the humiliation and didn't stop there. Mussalini couldn't accept that his army was completely useless. Against that of pretty much any other European country he thought that perhaps the British had simply been too entrenched in Egypt. Maybe a smaller country would be easier pickings and so. He ordered his army into Greece..

Jim Powell Mussolini Italy Adolf Hitler Mussalini Cellini Germany France spotify Chano Italian army Egypt Fidel Castro Palazzo Venezia Richard Rome Mussalini United States Kim Jong facebook Poland
Italy's Salvini loses 'aura of invincibility' in Emilia setback

BBC Newshour

03:56 min | 1 year ago

Italy's Salvini loses 'aura of invincibility' in Emilia setback

"To Italy now and Matteo salvini leader of the country's right wing anti immigrant league had invested much time and energy in his attempts to win the election in the region of Emilia Romagna however in a closely fought contest the left wing Democratic Party and governor Stefan open a genie prevailed addressing cheering supporters Mr Banacek bona Cheney said he'd like to see his success repeated across the country and he called for more civility in politics what is the Charlie Charlie that terminal the blanket is of the now let's face it these protesters who call themselves the sardines so the two filling the squares and asking for a politics it's not just composed a full guarantee anger and resentment the more polite and peaceful politics one that is respectful of those who should not be considered enemies but only political opponents well let's go to a silly now and speak to our correspondent up mark Levin marker a significant defeat for Matteo salvini area a pretty significant defeats runs here because he was throwing everything that's trying to win this regional election just a reminder of where this is its immediate on mine yeah region of northern Italy that is the home of Ferrari Lamborghini rich cities like Bologna Palmer and Montana and it is being the stronghold of the left since the second World War and so my things and Vini aims to trying to wrest control of the media manana believing that if it fell to the fall rights to to the rights of the far right that he could potentially that content to destabilize the government coalition and from fresh elections which polls suggest he would win and therefore he would become its lease first fall right pocket as prime minister as it happens there was a mass mobilization by the left they used this street movements they were called the son teams that you hurt the roof referring a referral to that in that click buy stuff and I've won a genie it was a big anti sodomy street movement and they managed to hold on to it with a fairly comfortable win of a fifty percent so it is a big blow to Montana some Vinny and his hopes of managing to come back and to to to to to to to get control of any of the money for the first time in seventy five yes the anti right wing movement that you mentioned how much of it was informed by the desire for more civil discourse in the political landscape well they certainly feel at the antics of the movement that that but there was something he represents he treats discrimination the ghosts of its lease wartime parts they say that he is neo fascist that he even evokes echoes of Mussolini he strongly rejects or that he says that he simply wants to make Italians proud to be Italian again but he is a you know he's got a hard on to my good line a couple of weeks ago during the campaign he went up to the the house of a Tunisian family in the region and rang the doorbell and said all you drug dealers that please his supporters they see him as a kind of hard to sort of your stress a kind of a people's man a man of the people but his opponents say he is somebody who's very very divisive and they would very much like civility to returns with how in politics but the thing is that he also represents change in in a fairly kind of dry and also fight Italian political scene in and that is something that that that refreshes many of his supporters so yes he's failed in to to win I mean there are mine yet but he will be back and he will be very much a force to be reckoned with from the sidelines from the opposition side lines of Italian politics and he will he will very much either hope that that he will be able to win a future regional election I'm forced to a a collapse of this fairly unhappy shaky coalition government the rules it's at the moment mark learn how correspondent at in a silly joining us from the capitol in grand

Italy Matteo Salvini
"mussolini" Discussed on Dictators

Dictators

11:24 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Dictators

"Back in one thousand nine hundred nine one of miscellaneous fellow writers FELIPO Manetti had published the manifesto of future ISM which laid out his vision for a political and artistic movement characterized by violence machines And Movement the manifesto reads like a rant starting off with a maddening story. About how more Nettie. While drunk driving crashed his car and blamed it on to bicyclist who quote got in his way he took this as a sign. The bicycles represented the pitiful technology legit the past and his car the much more powerful technology of the future in the manifesto he lays out eleven points most of which which are toxic one particularly bad one reads we want to glorify war. The only cure for the world militarism patriotism patriotism the destructive gesture of the anarchists the beautiful ideas which kill and contempt for woman. The contempt for woman almost feels tacked on but this was a growing aspect of Italian conservative thought. If war survival of the fittest rightest was the sole pursuit of life. Then men were thought to be the natural leaders of society. It was the woman's role to be the exalted mother. Other of future Italian heroes. Many feminists balked at this but some women were seduced by the prospect futurist. Thought is very obviously obviously a forerunner to fascist thought and indeed Manetti and others like him would go on to join. Mussalini is movement. There were even futurist jurist portraits of. ILL DO J. featuring striking violent lines and extreme contrasts think art deco meets surrealism. This kind of integration is how Mussolini Slowly won over the hearts and minds of Italians young and old. The irony is that Mussalini didn't didn't really do anything practical to become popular in Italy. He didn't expose corruption or implement some popular policy. He relied on stoking anger and fear the anger of the poor working class in small towns. Who felt that? The wealthy had taken advantage of them and the fear ear that the wealthy had of the poor that they would rise up in socialist revolution and make everyone just like them. The contradictions is that had always plagued. Mussolini now worked to his benefit through this method he would achieve his ultimate. It goal in May nineteen twenty one. Parliamentary elections took place to fill the five hundred thirty five seats of the legislative body. There were multiple competing parties including the Fascists Socialists. Catholics liberals and Communists then Prime Minister Giovanni Johny Gilady wanted to create a coalition that would ensure he stayed in office though his politics were typically mix of progressive and conservative policies. He's he found himself losing popularity with the increasingly demanding socialists. A Prime Minister could only stay in office if they were supported by yeah majority of the sitting members of parliament and so he reached out to the fascists hoping to elect some of them to parliament in a bid to keep himself itself in power as a result. Mussalini and dozens of fellow. Fascists were voted into office that month it was the first time Mussalini leaney held actual political power. This was far more dangerous than anyone realized next. Mussolini Cellini becomes Supreme Leader of Italy. Now back to the story Italian politics were tumultuous in the years following following World War One and fascist leader Benito. Mussolini knew how to harness that chaos for his own ends in many ways. Mussalini took control of the government long before he was ever recognized as leader between May Nineteen Twenty One and October nineteen twenty two. He organized denies a large network of Fascist organizations including economic unions and paramilitary troops. They mostly just continued to combat combat the socialists and bully businesses into agreeing with their policies as to what to produce. Who to hire? How to spend the fascists ashes had their own finance ministers and their own enforcement? It was only a matter of time before the king recognize them as the leaders of Italy and and many still fearing the rise of the Socialists. Gladly supported the fascists. They were becoming even more brazen completely completely destroying socialist newspapers and meeting places. It was now all but illegal to be socialist according to historian. Michael are are abner. This reached a crescendo on October. Twenty Eighth Nineteen twenty two when the fascist prevented the publication of not only socialist newspapers papers. But any kind of Daily News. This ensured that they had time to construct the narrative of what was about to happen. They push the perception that the country was aflame with violence if it was it was the fascists who were causing it but they manage to blame the Socialists. This was indicative of the political chaos. The fascist sewed the freshly unified country was more fragmented than ever with Socialists. Send Fascists in both. The city's more rural areas King Victor Emmanuel the third and then Prime Minister Luigi factor. Initially opposed rosed Mussalini in fact factor. WHO had only been in office since February wanted to declare Rome under siege but the king feared I heard civil war and he knew that his cousin Emanuele Filiberto was pro fascist? Filiberto was next in line for the throne and could be used is to replace Victor Emmanuel if anything sudden and tragic should happen to him afraid for his life and desperate to restore order to his country. The king made a phone call. He was about to make a deal with the devil. The fascists were popular there with rural workers. As we've mentioned Mussalini was able to appeal to their anger toward the wealthy and foreign countries in a way that the Socialists failed to Mussolini's belief in capitalistic production. made the wealthy more comfortable with him as well and so on October. Twenty Ninth Nineteen in twenty two. The King asked Mussolini to be Prime Minister. Mussolini and his fascist thousands in number marched into Rome on October thirtieth. Mussolini wore his black shirt along with black pants black shoes with white spats and military sash. He didn't look like a dictator so much as some sort of waiter but he had plenty of time to learn how to look the part. The king officially recognized him Ms Prime Minister Minister of the Interior and Minister for foreign affairs almost immediately. Mussolini took on emergency powers. Where's that kept him in office indefinitely? He used his new power to fill parliament with fascists and passed laws that formerly made socialism elizabeth illegal throughout the following year in one thousand nine hundred twenty three his former allies who had shunned him for supporting the war. We're now thrown. In in jail or worse Mussalini had now realised a decade long quest for revenge. He had transformed his passion for Socialist List politics into a hate for anyone and anything that got between him and power he was the ideal Italian man. How could he not be? He was in charge of the whole country and he had done it using the Italian values that he had always known where superior her Masculinity Aggression Nationalism Future Ism a splash of socialism that he would no longer acknowledge Now is the time to implement these beliefs in the actual governance of Italy to return it to the glory that he had promised libertarian researcher. Jim Powell writes that Mussolini's economic policies a unique blend of privately owned businesses under the control of the government. And we're actually quite successful. Powell says Mussolini's government simplify the tax code cut taxes curb. Spending liberalized liberalized trade restrictions and abolished rent controls. These policies provided a powerful stimulus between nineteen twenty one in nineteen twenty five. The Italian economy grew more than twenty percent. Unemployment fell seventy seven percent. But this was done at the cost of liberty factories produced what he told them to bureaucrats. Were paid off with government money. Any dissidents were jailed and and propaganda played continuously in the theaters to make sure no one noticed and lest we forget. A key component in the fascist framework was was the perpetuation of violent mechanical war. Mussolini knew that he needed to keep the factories producing and the young people. Fighting universities universities could be a hotbed for socialism better. The young people were distracted. Italy had been pushed out of its African colonies in the late eighteen hundreds. It's an Mussalini. Knew that he could be seen as restoring Rome's glory if he retook them again. An ironic turn considering being one of his original reasons for joining the Socialist Party in the early nineteen. Hundreds was to escape fighting in another war in Africa on October. Third Third Nineteen thirty five. He launched a four hundred thousand man invasion of Ethiopia employing all of the technology of modern warfare there including mustard gas. It was a horrific display of colonial violence destroying a country in service of one man's ambition condition. Although he was extremely racist toward black Africans he did not agree with the growing anti-semitism of the Germans to the north. In fact as Mussalini and Hitler's power grew Hitler constantly pursued an alliance but Mussalini leaney remained aloof. He would always deal with the Nazis through an emissary. It's possible that his egos simply.

Mussolini Cellini Mussalini leaney Italy Prime Minister FELIPO Manetti Prime Minister Giovanni Johny King Socialist Party Rome Nettie King Victor Emmanuel Africa Emanuele Filiberto Ethiopia Victor Emmanuel Daily News Jim Powell
"mussolini" Discussed on Dictators

Dictators

07:45 min | 1 year ago

"mussolini" Discussed on Dictators

"Point. He seemed to still believe that war was just another another way for the rich to exploit the poor and yet just a month later he wrote. We have the privilege of living in the most tragic our in world history do we as men and the Socialists want to be inert spectators of this huge drama. He was saying that if Italy didn't fight then it could never be taken seriously on the world stage. This was a pivotal moment as it isolated him and sent tim down a lonely path in October. Nineteen fourteen he step down from avant just a month later in November. He opened a different the newspaper. You'll PAPPALO's d'italia advocating for the war. And ultimately he got his wish. Italy joined the war on the side of the allies Britain France and Russia in May Nineteen fifteen with no party it was Mussalini against the world. Now bitter enemies with many of his former party members Mussalini engaged in multiple saber duels throughout Nineteen fifteen. This this was an old fashioned but still popular way of settling disputes in the Mediterranean. At the time it was the zenith of the aggressive masculinity that that had been ingrained in all of them since youth. The truly bizarre part was that it seems the goal was not to actually kill the opposing dualist but to simply injure them of course this actually resolved nothing as both parties. Were now even angrier with one another but Mussalini would eventually be able to take out his aggression on the battlefield. He was drafted into the army in late. Nineteen fifteen and saw combat by nineteen sixteen eighteen to his credit. He chose not to shirk from his duty. He readily agreed to fight in the war. He championed to be the model of Italian Masculinity guility and aggression. He fought on the northern front against Austria rising to the rank of corporal then in February nineteen seventeen. He he was injured by a piece of shrapnel. The war wouldn't end for another year and a half but Mussolini's time in combat was done throughout the rest of his life. His followers would praise his brave service while his critics would claim. His injury was overstated. Regardless of the truth. Even though World War One was ending Mussolini's fight had only just begun. The Italians had fought for the winning side but they still weren't learnt a global player. Their prime minister failed to secure key pieces of territory with the treaty oversight by and much of the poverty in the south still remained rained yet. Mussalini believed they could become the global power he quickly resumed publishing Popolo d'italia and filled it with impassioned speeches against the weak government. He wrote dozens of editorials but also spoke in public. He he said things like Italy needs a man who has when needed the delicate touch of an artist and the heavy hand of a warrior. It was clear that he was referring to himself. Being hailed as a socialist champion. Then being denounced then taking his followers to a new paper and subsequently currently becoming a war hero Mussalini had become an icon and went to his head his old selfish streak his childhood status quo of only looking out for himself had returned. Any pretense of still following socialism was abandoned as he leaned heavily into to nationalism and the idea of harnessing and industrialized Italy for future war. He can floated this idea with the image of a renewed Roman Empire one of his most famous alleged quotes is a nation of Spaghetti eaters cannot restore Roman civilisation on a surface level. It would appear that he is just calling his fellow Italians Lazy but the reference to Spaghetti spoke to a deeper issue. He had with the mainstream socialist vision for Italy. As a member of the global community. Mussalini thought that the other socialists just wanted wanted Italy to be a quaint tourist destination. One people flocked to for Pasta. But it's hard to imagine that he truly believed Italy could return turned to the glory of ancient Rome. He was worldly enough to know that those days were more than long gone logistically. A small country like Italy would never be able to match the power of countries like Britain and the United States by nineteen eighteen. His ideology remained muddled. It's possible that he managed to delude himself. It's also possible that he was just using the image of Rome to inspire the classics loving middle class. I said the universities. It seems likely that at this point his politics were less logic. Driven and more driven by whatever ideals would transform transform him from a newspaper editor into a politician with real power and in just a few years he would have it but I his old friends. The Socialists were going to accidentally pave the way the years immediately the following the war nineteen eighteen through nineteen twenty saw an upswing in popularity for the Socialist Movement in Italy Socialist Politicians Sion's gained seats in parliament and inspired crippling labor strikes throughout the country and though the masses of poor peasant workers were happy with their new socialist gains better wages an eight hour workday their middle and upper class bosses feared an uprising Mussalini. Always looking for where he fit fit into. Things saw away to harness this fear for his own gain. He organized his followers into a new group. The Revolutionary Italian William combatants the Fascist Party. They immediately set out to do exactly what their name implied beginning in large city city centers and then spreading out to smaller towns the fascists who would become better known as black shirts due to their uniform terrorized socialist socialist leaders. They would arrive in the night threatening to burn down the homes of their enemies if they didn't come out to quote unquote chat once they did come out. The socialist in question would be beaten if they were lucky other times they were defecated on or they themselves. elves were forced to defecate on socialist literature or iconography most infamously the blackshirts would force. Castor oil down of victims throat wrote causing them to have terrible diarrhea and stomach cramps with certain socialist leaders so thoroughly humiliated. Many of their followers were too afraid. Free to speak out against the BLACKSHIRTS. Fascists were also becoming more prevalent in the universities. We mentioned that students studying the classics were inspired fired. By Mussolini's references to ancient Rome but young students were also enthralled by the way he looked to the future specifically with an artistic cystic movement known as Future Ism.

Italy Mussalini Mussolini Rome Socialist Movement avant tim Britain Austria Fascist Party Popolo d'italia Mediterranean diarrhea Spaghetti prime minister editor stomach cramps France
DICTATORS: Mussolini

Assassinations

08:10 min | 1 year ago

DICTATORS: Mussolini

"Welcome to dictators a new park cast original. I'm Richard and I'm kate with this series stories. We want to go deep into the minds of some of history's most hated despots. We all know about the atrocities committed by the likes of Hitler. And and Stalin in the United States were familiar with longtime American adversaries such as Fidel Castro and Kim Jong Hoon on dictators his will trace the psychological cultural and spiritual influences that transformed these individuals. Either they were born psychopathic or they were hardened by circumstance without fail each went from wanting to save their country to destroying it you. You can find all episodes of dictators and all other park has two originals for free on spotify or wherever you listen to podcasts to stream dictators for free on spotify. Just open the APP and type dictators in the search bar at podcast. We are grateful for you our listeners. You allow us to do what we love. Let us know how we're doing reach out on facebook and Instagram at podcast and twitter at podcast network. And if you enjoy today's episode the the best way to help us is to leave a five star review. Wherever you're listening? It really does help for our first six episodes we're starting with a bang As we explore the lives of World War. Two's three worst dictators Benito Mussolini Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler. Today today we'll see how Mussalini harness disparate social elements such as socialism nationalism and future ISM to forge a new belief leave system fascism. This hateful ideology would be his chief tool in portraying himself as the ideal Italian man Dan and it would go on to inspire an even greater evil next week. We'll see how an alliance with that greater evil no not see Germany led to Mussolini's downfall. Mussolini is often thought of as Hitler's incompetent lackey his fellow fascist. Who Lost the war in Italy and died a day earlier on April twenty eighth nineteen forty-five his body hung the square and spit upon? But that is the modern perception in his time. Mussalini was considered a swashbuckling heartthrob heartthrob a master politician. He rose to power in Italy years. Before Hitler became the face of totalitarianism despite destroying civil liberties in his country and exiling thousands of Italian Jews to concentration camps Mussolini's people loved him mm-hmm and some still do. But how could the people of any time view a monster in such a romantic light and how has there's his global reputation fallen from that of the ultimate leader to the ultimate stooge in order to answer these questions. We must trace Mussalini his time as a socialist agitator in Switzerland to his years as a newspaper man to his crafty rise to prime minister. Aw Mussolini's entire life was a self defeating journey to fulfil a masculine ideal. He was born on July twenty ninth. Eighteen eighty three his father allesandro. Mussolini was his first role model. According to Spark Educational Mussalini once told a reporter after I come of peasant stock. My father was a blacksmith. He gave me strength. A young Mussalini would work the forge with his father sweat dripping sparks Sinjin. His skin researcher Andrea Son Giovanni describes the traditional image of Italian steelwork doc as a completely masculine world where the natural characteristics of man strength courage leadership honor aggression are praised to excess. Mussolini picked up on this learning to be strong to a fault to express only the most dominant reported himself. He was taught that a man worked hard that he and his father were the laboring peasantry and across the country in Rome there was was a king and a church that reaped the benefits of their labor and didn't work at all even worse. There were Austrian kings to the north who ruled old overland and people that were rightfully Italian. Young Mussalini imagine these rulers like fantasy despots almost inhuman every day at the forge. His father filled his mind with ideas about a revolution of workers just like them. Men like them mm-hmm strong workers who made up the real Italy. who would one day inherit the earth? Mussalini loved his father and he wanted nothing. Nothing more than to live up to these ideals. This belief system socialism with a little bit of nationalism would entrance and beguile him and throughout the rest of his life but as much as he admired his father he was also confused by him he talked about strengthened honor but but Mussalini gradually became aware that allesandro didn't exactly personify those things his father's main focus in life life was not on his work or his family but his mistress who we often spend money on while Mussalini his two siblings and his mother lived in a small home eating very basic meals this engendered toxic dichotomy within the young boy. He had a father telling him how to who act like a man but had no strong male role model to actually show him what that looks like and so he would spend his life trying to decide for himself. Mm Self how a man should act while nursing a selfish streak that would topple a republic because of his own father wasn't going to look out for for the young Mussolini and who would. His mother noticed growing anger inside of him in eighteen. Ninety Ninety two when Mussolini was nine she sent him to Catholic Boarding School in the hopes that the priests would be able to calm him. The opposite was true. To the Catholics were largely anti-socialists they took out their political beliefs on miscellany the son of a socialist this included withholding ending food from him and forcing him to sleep in the dog Kennel. His selfish streak deepened as he felt that truly the whole world was out out to get him at the same time. Some of the masculine ideals he had picked up from his father were being reinforced. Catholic doctrine emphasized is the differences between men and women how men were meant to be masculine leaders and Women Feminine Mothers. This idea was driven home by the simple fact that it was an all boys. School with male only teachers Mussolini's growing toxic masculinity famously boiled over one Sunday in the school yard when Mussolini stabbed a classmate in the hand and so his picture of the ideal man continued to fill out the ideal man was a strong hard worker like his dad had taught him but as he had picked up from Catholic school. Aggression was a vital a piece to the puzzle. He would never forget how the anti-socialist priests had treated him there pettiness. There need to exert control all over. A child was anything but masculine.

Aw Mussolini Benito Mussolini Joseph Stalin Mussalini Adolf Hitler Italy Spotify Spark Educational Mussalini Fidel Castro Richard United States Rome Facebook Germany Kim Jong Hoon DAN Switzerland Instagram Andrea Son Giovanni
Explainer 185: Bobi Wines red beret

Monocle 24: The Foreign Desk

06:56 min | 1 year ago

Explainer 185: Bobi Wines red beret

"The current experiences of the United States should you would think they'd all nations for roll time from allowing celebrities usually entertainers or sports folk loose in the political sphere. It should of course be noted that the US is not not presently unique in succumbing to this fully Ukraine's. President is a comedian Liberia's of football Pakistan's. Prime Minister is a cricketer later. Dozens of lesser offices around the world are held by people who were helped into them buying name recognition acquired in other fields. Well let me tell you something. The answer is clear for the people to win. Politics as usual must lose so things considered it is not that all surprising that a popstar should fancy himself president Uganda Amazon Robert Trigger Alani Santana who performs under the name bobby wine was elected elected to Uganda's parliament in two thousand seventeen he stood as an independent in a by election in Dondo East and one big. I've come the parliament at a very sensitive time. I've just taken an oath to defend resolve and protect the constitution of the Republic Sleep of Uganda and that is going to be my major major goal right now since then wine has positioned himself for the next presidential election due in two thousand and twenty one among the symbols identifying his movement is the red beret worn by whine and his appearance it bears an emblem of of a clenched fist over a map of Uganda and the Motto People Power Our power but not for much longer if a new rule announced by Uganda's the government is observed a useful regulation has been discovered under which it is against the law for civilians to sport military clothing and some units of the Ganden People's defence force notably its military police wear red berries therefore the wearing of the red beret by non soldiers is henceforth punishable by up to five years in the clink. Bobi wine is among those skeptical that this decision is exclusively motivated by a desire to protect the integrity of the Ugandan army's insignia. It is wind said a sham. It is a blatant attempt to suffocate a successful threat to the autocratic status quo. This is pretty obviously correct. It also prompt the interesting question of exactly Walt Uganda's powers that be scared off at which point joint a recap of Uganda's powers that be or more accurately is this area peaceful full in spite of the nobody would start with a piece of Uganda Yoweri Musevenei now seventy five has been president of Uganda since one thousand nine hundred eighty six and plans to run again in two thousand and twenty one by the standards of Ugandan presidents most of any hasn't done a bad job but those standards were set by Idi Amin and Milton Obote both mad and terrible men Mussolini any to his credit played a considerable role in toppling both however as is invariably the case with overstaying and under challenged leaders. Musevenei has become complacent and his government corrupt Transparency International's global corruption index ranks Uganda slightly less bent than as a John which is basically owned by one family and slightly more so than the Central African Republic which is barely governed at all Uganda's population is young young more than three quarters of its people have been born during Musevini's rule and did he is restless certainly sufficiently so to take its chances with sorry pop singer. It's what they bring me. Wine can and claim reasonably that the leap from musician to politician is not in his case a long one. He has been keen campaigner on several issues and many the songs he has recorded in his studio in Cam. What you're a disheveled neighborhood of Kampala have addressed social injustice to the extent that in August he he was charged with intending to alarm annoy or ridicule President Musevini. Yeah this is not the only legal jeopardy presently hanging over wine he also faces charges of incitement to violence and treason and potentially a life sentence. If convicted wine claims that these charges are politically motivated and it would be very far from the first time that Musevini the people acting on his behalf have attempted to arrest opponents into submission invoking article twenty nine of the Constitution. We've got Dante's every citizen the right to assemble and demonstrate we are going to do this peacefully and take me on on the clube wine says he and his supporters. I will continue to wear the red beret. This is arguably a missed opportunity wine cooed by choosing something else. Just striking have have highlighted the silliness of Viennese edict and jettison the baggage associated with this particular item of Hillary in non-military circles. St Red Berry is an almost invariable choice of revolutionary posers and or populist scoundrels from Hugo Chavez in Venezuela to Julius Melena. Amo in South Africa wine would be within his rights admittedly to retort that it costs more of a dash than the disheveled floppy brimmed Bush hat long favored favored by Mussolini and also if it comes to a rap battle on the strength of Musevini's endeavors in this realm wine will up. I'm monocle twenty four amount.

Uganda Uganda Yoweri Musevenei Walt Uganda President Musevini Bobby Wine President Trump Ugandan Army United States Mussolini St Red Berry Liberia Ukraine Prime Minister Robert Trigger Alani Santana Pakistan Hugo Chavez Kampala Hillary
 What to expect as Italy looks to a new government

Press Play with Madeleine Brand

07:24 min | 1 year ago

What to expect as Italy looks to a new government

"This is pressed play I Madeline brand Italy's government collapsed today joining a growing list of countries where the far right is gaining power today prime minister Decepticon today announced his resignation bowing to far right and anti immigrant interior minister Matteo salvini but so many is also on the outs and we're gonna try to untangle all of this now with Jason Horowitz Rome bureau chief for The New York Times hi I can try to me okay so conte resigns he is not a fan of Matteo salvini Matteo salvini is also out so it's very confusing can you explain it for us so they had an extraordinary session of the parliament what happened was actually Conde resigned but it was a bit of a power play against the nationalists this time SO Matteo salvini was agitating for early elections he wanted to shed his coalition partners and run the country on his own and he ran straight into a wall called the time parliament and all of its rules and he suddenly finds himself out of power so the national as their who was blocked salvini serve as their leader not just and and Italy but around Europe are certainly finding that their main guy is out of power so this is really the first time that content ever flex his muscles in the only way you could do it was by quitting and when he quits what happens is the say okay I'm quitting so therefore you have to come up with another prime minister and hold new parliamentary elections yes pretty much what happens is he quit and that forces parliament find some new majority because the majority of the governing majorities form by these two party the league and the five star movement since the league said we don't want to be part of this anymore so he was hoping that that would mean early elections because he's hugely popular outside the country right now he would have creamed everyone elections but what happens is is that the the five star movement said which doesn't want to go to elections because they will lose his okay well let's get together or somebody else and so all the parties that have been out of power now have a chance to join up with the five star movement former New majority and yeah and then you'll just have a new prime minister could actually be content again you could come back they can call inspectors like a review and you could come back and but it's all this sort of process to push the most powerful guy in the government out it looks like they've done it for now exactly right now is that is that the longer they keep them out the bigger he's gonna gap and eventually you're gonna have a luncheon and won those elections com is going to be a joke or not that's his hope the opponent's plan is you know you do keep your keep staving off elections as long as you can yeah it's five year term just like in the United States are you can't just decide to go to elections after a year you have to wait for years so they want to wait elections are up and they're hoping back by then a lot of time to get tired of politicians pretty quickly will be exhausted this Albanian you'll be sort of dead in the water and that would be when when with those elections happen so let's face it five years from March two thousand eighteen that coalition building coalitions especially here fall apart and so so we need that is that this thing will of whatever sort of remix the tying government comes up with without hand it won't last forever and since he is sort of staying your he with his popularity will zoom out and everyone else will just sort of be tainted and right now he is the most popular politician in Italy correct yeah here's here's what a you know Sir in Italy rarely dat politician who gets one like twenty five thirty percent he's he's polling and I think mid thirties now in some polls he was almost forty percent forty percent of sort of the ceiling for a time politician because it's so fragmented in there so many parties so if you're hitting forty percent you're about as popular as you can possibly be in Italy and that's where he is right now Susan is remarkable thing where the most popular and as of you know this morning powerful person in Italy is now out and he's out not because anyone voted amount but he's out because he your little temptation so the power grab and he slept and he slipped out of parliament and so any slipped out of the government and the only way to get him out of the government was actually collapse the government until he gave this huge opportunity to the people that he wears just sort of beating at every turn and so it's it's we right now nobody knows what the next Italian government's gonna look like you have the people hate each other today I could Democratic Party it's called you so the liberals here and this five star movement they can't stand each other they might have to get together or member Silvio Berlusconi you know really an error former prime minister tune them roomies yeah exactly simple global and that whole thing he's back he's back he controlled yeah he's back because he's back in the sense that the all these guys just it is a parliament game now this is not serve who has the most support in the country country doesn't matter right now what matters is just who has been numbers inside parliament well and this really feeds into what salvini has been talking about this whole time that establishment government much like trump did during his campaign is corrupt and he and we need an outsider and he's the man for the job and I guess given the fact that Italy's economy is not doing very well is very appealing to a lot of people yeah I think I mean he has a a simpler message right his messages early elections vote right let let's just go to elections and if I lose fine I'll go home and if you like me then I can fix your country the thing is though I mean as complicated and convoluted and and shifty as the Italian system it is it is it is the Italian system it is the Italian constitution right it's what they the thing was built in a way to stop a strong man from colleges through a person like something you can get all this consensus the thing was made the constitution was drafted after Mussolini they don't want a big powerful clear consensus person they want this fragmented system to keep anybody from getting too much power because they've had a very bad experience with the strong man and so while Slovenia has the easier message he doesn't have you know the the the constitutional basis right doesn't have the system he doesn't have the right systems operation he does not an American system yet at times just images to work with so easy and and be the economic part of it is this true right unless somebody sex of the economy and the and and are pleased economy that whoever is going to be appealing to anger and in Italy I think we'll probably do well when he does that very well Jason Horowitz is Rome bureau chief for The New York Times

Italy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini Madeline Forty Percent Twenty Five Thirty Percent Five Years Five Year
In Parliament Elections, Populists Seek to Break the E.U. From Within

Weekend Edition Saturday

03:37 min | 2 years ago

In Parliament Elections, Populists Seek to Break the E.U. From Within

"Centre-left politician, Frans, Timmermans of the Netherlands, stressed, the urgency of the current moment and what's at stake in these elections, if we screw this up. None of us in this room can look children in the eye anymore. If we screw this up, we screwed up for generations Timmermans is one of the mainstream candidates, who's hoping the incoming European parliament will make him president of the EU executive body the European Commission. He's already of ice president part of the e u establishment in Brussels, and he's worried I believe this is the first time since the beginning of European integration that this European Union could actually break upon. This is no longer a nightmare battery. It is a potential reality. Timmermans nightmare scenario is not the prospect of the other Member States following Britain and voting to leave. The EU negotiating Brexit has been so chaotic leaving doesn't seem like such a good idea anymore. Instead, the anti immigrant nationalist parties, who think Brussels wheels, too much power are running for seats in the European parliament from there. They would try to water down the EU, federal powers over individual nation states or as they would put it they will try to reclaim sovereignty for their peoples if Adi's police than silver in these movements arising means that the something wrong in these Europe. And we will try to do our best to change these European Union from inside. That's italy. Kyle Julia chase it. Mussa liedtke. He's the great grandson of the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and unapologetic about the legacy of fascism. He's running for a seat in the. EU parliament from the small hard, right? Brothers of Italy party, the campaign to remake the EU has a big booster from across the Atlantic. Donald Trump's former strategic advisor, Steve Bannon, who has been spending a lot of time in Europe, advising various parties, Bannon says a populist victory across Europe or put an end to closer economic and political integration and restore the continent closer to where it was before the EU was founded in the nineteen fifties. And that is a Europe of nations discussions on immigration. And some of these basic hot button issues, the thirty thousand pages of regulation that the EU has I think start be cut in half of the year start seat deregulation. And I think over time you're going to see more changes of power coming back to the individual nation states than in is advising. Matteo Salvini Italy's populist interior minister, he's also advising mapping, LIPA, Lee refr-. Francis populace national rally movement and Hungary's autocratic Prime Minister, Viktor Orban. They've all made curbing immigration into Europe, especially from the Muslim world. A central platform plank to promote such policies. Bannon is setting up an academy for Judeo Christian values at an old monastery outside Rome when he was in Italy recently, he was confident the momentum is on the side of the sovereignty movement. The momentum's on the side of the nationalist movement. The momentum's on the side of the populist movement polls do project that after this week's elections populist will more than double their seats in the EU parliament from five to more than fourteen percent not enough to veto legislation. But sufficient to weaken legislative control of the pro e u center. Right and center, left

European Union European Parliament Europe Matteo Salvini Italy Steve Bannon Benito Mussolini Italy Frans Brussels President Trump European Commission Netherlands Donald Trump Kyle Julia Viktor Orban Executive Britain Atlantic Lipa
"mussolini" Discussed on News Radio 920 AM

News Radio 920 AM

01:38 min | 2 years ago

"mussolini" Discussed on News Radio 920 AM

"Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara now Alexandra Mussolini a member of the European parliament, by the way responded with a tweet of her own. She told Jim Carey, quote your bastard now, so when asked about the Twitter spat, Jim Carey said it's a little discouraging that she's in government not because she's in government, but because she's obviously still embracing evil, and they went on to add she can always just flip that cartoon upside down, and it looks like her grandfather is jumping for joy. So he said there's the solve right there. Just turn that frown upside down. Something tells me that that's not the end of that Twitter spat between Jim Carey and of all people the granddaughter of Benito Mussolini, and you know, the whole impetus of that that cartoon is the fact that Mussolini was hanged by peony wire. Right. Yeah. Wow. By a lot of his happy constituents. If you will a Dunkin's added new lattice to its menu. You know, we've been talking about this, you know, because they power up our weather, and you can enjoy the medium handcrafted a for just a couple of bucks between two and six PM, but listen to these flavors. Blueberry, crisp latte, incorporates blueberry and caramel flavors topped off with whipped cream caramel flavor drizzle. And then cinnamon sugar on top of that. And they also have the caramel crazed lot day. I think this is this is going to float my boat, caramel flavored and topped with the same stuff as the blueberry crisp. And then lastly the signature lot day. That's the one you can enjoy for just two dollars between two and six pm today. A gonna muka flavor and it's topped with. Whip cream hot chocolate powder and then mocha drizzle. Oh, my I think I'm thinking I'm gonna hit the.

Alexandra Mussolini Jim Carey Twitter European parliament Dunkin Clara two dollars
Italy's interior minister turns gaze to 'Roma question'

The Dave Ramsey Show

01:12 min | 3 years ago

Italy's interior minister turns gaze to 'Roma question'

"The president's homeland security secretary attorney and the president himself or defending the zero tolerance policy which has led to the separation about two thousand children from their families entering the us illegally at the southern border and once again the president blamed the democrats do this very quickly if the democrats come to the table everybody wants to do it we want to do it more than they do if they come to the table instead of playing politics we can do it very very quickly trump says there is death and destruction caused by people in the us illegally and a country without borders is not a country at all after blocking a migrant rescue boat last week the farright leader of italy's new coalition government targets and other group italy's interior minister matteo salvini says he's considering a registry of the roma people sometimes known as gypsies the farright leader said that roma without documents will be expelled he then added that unfortunately italy will have to keep roma people with a talian citizenship so these comments caused widespread condemnation the opposition says words were chilling and recalled a time when fascist dictator benito mussolini imposed racial laws against jews megan williams abc news rome let's get a.

President Trump Attorney United States Matteo Salvini Italy Megan Williams Secretary Benito Mussolini