35 Burst results for "Mount Everest"
"mount everest" Discussed on Astronomy Cast
"You close your eyes. Yeah, of course, of course, cosmic rays on their eyeballs. Yeah. Yeah. So this can't be something that they were prepared for. The astronauts had the misfortune of just being in space and you close your eyes for the darkness of sleep. And you keep getting these bright, flashes coming at you, randomly in different places in your vision. And it's just flashes of high energy particles working to act damage on your retina and yeah. Yeah, just like you get cosmic rays on CCD images, you can get them on your eyeballs. Right. And so you're out there in space, you're less protected by the magnetosphere of the earth and these cosmic rays are impacting your retina, the cells in your retina and are causing flashes to be triggered to your brain. And you're actually taking eye damage as this is happening, and so this is almost like the opposite, like the experience would be kind of cool that you would be seeing these flashes as you have your eyes closed. But the understanding of what is actually happening is the part that's really deeply unnerving that you are suffering. And those are just retinas. You're getting hit across your entire body, your brain, your bones, your blood, your organs. Every part of your body is getting cosmic rays going through it. It's just you can only see the ones that are going through your retina. I somehow feel like the first time you experience it, it's more creepy to see it than understand it in that one moment. But after that first moment, the understanding is creepier. But initially, initially. Yep, that would be, that would be my concern is just like if when you go to space, the clock is ticking. And your body is wearing down the various damages that are happening. You're losing your muscle mass. You're losing your bone mass. Your fluids are redistributing. Your eyesight is getting worse. You're getting increased radiation damage. I don't think I could think about anything else. Like I know for a lot of people, like, oh yeah, I want to go to space. It's going to be so exciting, but for me, going to space would be like start the clock, you are now in the death zone, like when you're climbing Mount Everest. So that would just be, it would be just, and that's why I did my intro at the beginning. Just space itself is
"mount everest" Discussed on WABE 90.1 FM
"From the political divisiveness he sees coming out of Washington and is looking for a reset nor says Katie Brett could help foster that A balance between bipartisanship and selling out you know She's strong stay inspired values but she's a reasonable person I think she's got my vote If no one gets a majority of votes the Republican Senate race would go to a runoff next month Debbie Elliott NPR news evergreen Alabama This morning in Kenya 62 year old James Kagame returned home a hero He is the first Kenyan to climb to the top of Mount Everest and he did so as a member of the first all black teen to summit the highest peak in the world As NPR's Ari Daniel reports this furthers Kagame's personal goal of inspiring more diversity in mountaineering James Kagame goes by the nickname KG He was 23 when he made his first serious climb mount Kenya the second highest peak in Africa and he hated it Headaches and then went dancing I'll never go back But then something happened He encountered a magical substance he'd never seen before Snow They just love snow I like this I was looking back and saying you know what I want to go back there Right now after that I couldn't stop Over the next 39 years KG went on to summit Denali twice Aconcagua the highest peak in the Americas Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania he became a guide teacher and mentor to climbers all over the world and then in 2020 he was invited to join the all black climbing team full circle Everest expedition At first when there was us to come on this expedition I actually said no What am I going there to prove you know There was his age 60 at the time and his body a doctor had told him he should be thinking about knee replacement surgery not climbing mountains but the expedition leader himself a decorated African American climber was persuasive He told KG that his mentorship would mean a lot to the others The leader said if somebody deserves being here being with us is KG and that's how in April KG found himself at the Mount Everest base camp in Nepal his first encounter with snow on the trip You can hear his excitement in this video from his Instagram Snore Just bring some childish behavior in a playful mood I like dancing and jumping.
"mount everest" Discussed on Asian American History 101
"They also had practical skills with oxygen tanks. It's recorded on June 6th that Mallory and Irvine departed from camp 5 at 8 40 a.m. with 8 porters. They each had about 25 pounds to carry on the track. The film, the epic of Everest, shows ten figures in the distance, and then only two figures about two miles from the peak. Odell would later claim he saw two black dots reaching the second step, and eventually one seemed to reach the summit. It is unknown and due to outside pressure Odell would go back and forth on where he spotted the two figures. Though things seemed okay with the lack of wind, Mallory and Irvine would never make it back. There was a sudden change in weather and a two hour long snow squall. No Odell tried to find the two climbers, but couldn't find any trace of them and on the 11th of June, the British climbers departed. The official film, the epic of Everest, was shown with huge success in Britain, but the producers of the film caused a great controversy by taking a group of Tibetan monks from Tibet to perform a song and dance act before the showing of the film. Understandably, Tibetan authorities were offended and due to this incident in addition to other unauthorized activities during the 1924 expedition, the Dalai Lama didn't allow further expeditions until 1933. So there were a few other expeditions, but nothing of real note until 1952. Let's talk a little bit about tenzing norgay first, though. Norgay's date of birth is unknown, but he was born in Nepal. At a young age, he was sent to work for a Sherpa family in khumbu, which is close to. He was the 11th of 13 children. At the age of 19 he settled in a Sherpa community in darjeeling, norgay actually first gained climbing experience at the age of 20 during the 1935 British Mount Everest, reconnaissance expedition. When two prospective team members failed medical exams, a Sherpa friend, recommended norgay, Eric shipton, the organizer, allowed him to join the team. Norgay was assigned as a high altitude Porter in three official attempts to climb Chong lungma from the north side of the mountain in the 1930s. When British expeditions slowed, he gained experience climbing other mountains in different areas of India. He also participated in a 1947 expedition with a Canadian born mount near Earl denman, along with and Sherpa. Norgay had to illegally enter Tibet to attempt this climb, which ended because of a strong storm after they reached 22,000 feet. He also became a sirdar, AKA a leader of a Swiss expedition after he rescued saddar Huang di norbu, who had fallen and been seriously injured..
"mount everest" Discussed on Asian American History 101
"The oldest Sherpa village in Nepal is Peng boche, and it's estimated the village was constructed over 300 years ago, about 20 different Sherpa clans exist today. An early climber, Alexander kelis was the first to publicly celebrate the Sherpa. He wrote a paper to the royal geographical society in 1916, stating of the different types of coolies, the writer has found the booty Nepalese superior to all others he has employed. They are strong, good natured, and as they are Buddhists, there is no difficulty about special foodstuffs. Kind of borderline racist, but you know, that's when we look back with our lens. Back then, it was pretty high praise. Yeah. Something to note is that nowadays, Sherpa guides are not always part of Sherpa tribes. Because Sherpa people were some of the first to guide and help western explorers, climbed from Loma, guides are all sort of just called sherpas. So what's so important about Sherpa guides? Well, because they reside in such high altitude, their bodies have adapted and testing has shown that there are more than 30 genetic factors that make their bodies well suited for higher altitudes. A 2010 study found that they have what is known as the super athlete gene, which regulates the body's production of hemoglobin. Basically, that means their body uses oxygen more efficiently. Some also have double the nitric oxide production and the production of nitric oxide ensures that blood nutrients and oxygen are effectively and efficiently transported all over the body. There are more benefits to high nitric oxide production in the body, but we won't get into that. We'll talk more about the sherpas and their importance as we talk about the expeditions of. The first approach route, AKA the northern approach, was discovered by George Mallory and guy Bullock. On the first British reconnaissance expedition done in 1921, their first attempt was only an exploratory expedition, so the men didn't have the proper equipment for a serious climate attempt. Mallory led the expedition and together they climbed the north call to an altitude of about 22,982 feet. Mallory saw a possible route to the top, but with minimal equipment it was too dangerous, so they descended. In 1922, George Finch climbed using oxygen for the first time in history, and he was able to reach an altitude of 27,300 feet, which was the first time someone had climbed higher than Mallory. In that same year, Felix Norton attempted and failed to beat that record. They still attempted the climb using the Tibetan side of the mountain due to the fact that Nepal was still closed to western foreigners. Politically, Britain supported the expedition due to the colonialist pioneering thinking. Essentially, they were the British Empire, and since they were unsuccessful in reaching the north and south poles first, it became a sort of pride thing to reach the peak of chomolungma first to conquer it. Supported by the British royal geographical society and the Alpine club in what was known as the Mount Everest committee, surveying commenced in 1921 for possible routes and sort of preconditioning for the bigger 1922 expedition. The whole expedition was well documented by John Knoll, who brought three movie cameras to panorama cameras for sheet cameras, one stereo camera, and 5 vest pocket codecs..
"mount everest" Discussed on Asian American History 101
"Let's do it. Today, we're talking about the history of Mount Everest, or mount chome lungma, which is the Tibetan name, and full transparency may not be saying that right. But we would rather be seeing it incorrectly with the correct name. Then say it correctly with an incorrect name. Although technically, anyway. The infamous mountain has the highest peak above sea level. Has an elevation of 8848.86 meters, or 29,031 feet. By the way, China and Nepal remeasured Everest in 2020 and found that due to tectonic plate movement, the peak of Everest is almost two feet higher than the widely accepted previous official measurement. Everest is located between Tibet and Nepal in the Himalayan mountain range. Most climbers go through the Nepali side due to the easier accessibility and less restrictions. Fun fact, the name of the British surveyor that the highest peak is named after is actually pronounced Everest. But don't feel the need to re correct your pronunciation, George Everest wasn't a good man, and was racist. Even by the standards of the 1800, which is saying something. And perhaps we should honor the Tibetan name for the peak and just call the mountain chama longma. The first surveys of chameleon occurred in 1847 by the British. It was part of a program that was instituted to fix locations, heights, and names of the world's highest mountains in India. They started in southern India and eventually made it to the Himalayas, but Nepal had strict laws and didn't want the British in Nepali due to suspicions about their intentions. There were several requests made to the Nepalese government, but they were all denied, which honestly, rightly so. Of course, the British didn't give up, and instead began observations of the Himalayan peaks from terrai, which was a region parallel to the Himalayas. Initial observations by surveyors showed that Kangchenjunga, which is actually the third highest peak of the Himalayas, was the highest..
"mount everest" Discussed on Asian American History 101
"You're listening to Asian American history one O one, a podcast about Asian American history from generally known historical happenings to the deeper cuts that we don't hear about in school, where your hosts, Jen and Ted, the daughter and father team. Welcome to season two episode 25. We want to begin by just saying that we're so saddened by the tragedies that happened in laguna Woods and buffalo. It's awful how violence against communities of color just continue. There's a violence problem in this country. What happened in Buffalo was further evidence that white supremacists are emboldened to act on their beliefs. These aren't a couple bad eggs in a racist group. They're gathering and spouting the rhetoric and dangerous echo chambers. And then don't receive any resistance as they easily arm themselves with military grade weapons to act upon their twisted beliefs. What happened in laguna Woods wasn't done by white supremacists, but it was still driven by hate and supported by easy access to weapons. What's most frustrating for us is that it isn't likely to improve without a higher level of determination to track and stop white supremacists as a whole. Common sense gun restrictions would be helpful as well. And most of the country would like that. A total ban like they have in Australia isn't likely to happen, but some restrictions would be nice to keep the psychopaths and races from getting military grade weapons. Let's move to something happier. In the domestic market, everything everywhere all at once became the highest grossing a 24 film ever. It just surpassed Uncut Gems and now has made over $50 million. Let's keep it going. And in other positive things, let's take a moment to reflect on some of our recent interviews. April and may have been full of interviews for us, Brad Jenkins, hero kanagawa, Yvonne Chapman, and Sheldon Simeon. They've all been incredible guests, and we've been able to have some really deep conversations..
Sherpa woman climbs Everest for 10th time, breaks own record
"Hundreds hundreds hundreds hundreds of of of of climbers climbers climbers climbers who who who who scaled scaled scaled scaled Mount Mount Mount Mount Everest Everest Everest Everest over over over over the the the the past past past past few few few few days days days days are are are are taking taking taking taking advantage advantage advantage advantage of of of of favorable favorable favorable favorable weather weather weather weather conditions conditions conditions conditions to to to to return return return return safely safely safely safely down down down down the the the the mountain mountain mountain mountain British British British British climber climber climber climber Kenton Kenton Kenton Kenton cool cool cool cool scaled scaled scaled scaled Everest Everest Everest Everest for for for for the the the the sixteenth sixteenth sixteenth sixteenth time time time time setting setting setting setting the the the the record record record record for for for for the the the the most most most most Everest Everest Everest Everest summits summits summits summits by by by by a a a a non non non non Nepalese Nepalese Nepalese Nepalese climber climber climber climber Ukrainian Ukrainian Ukrainian Ukrainian Antonino Antonino Antonino Antonino samba samba samba samba Lobo Lobo Lobo Lobo hopes hopes hopes hopes the the the the message message message message from from from from her her her her climb climb climb climb is is is is to to to to be be be be aware aware aware aware that that that that in in in in Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine we we we we have have have have still still still still war war war war and and and and the the the the Ukrainian Ukrainian Ukrainian Ukrainian people people people people are are are are still still still still fighting fighting fighting fighting for for for for their their their their freedom freedom freedom freedom of of of of for for for for their their their their future future future future and and and and we we we we need need need need help help help help from from from from all all all all the the the the sides sides sides sides are are are are sharper sharper sharper sharper from from from from Nepal Nepal Nepal Nepal who who who who now now now now lives lives lives lives in in in in the the the the U. U. U. U. S. S. S. S. broke broke broke broke her her her her own own own own record record record record reaching reaching reaching reaching the the the the twenty twenty twenty twenty nine nine nine nine thousand thousand thousand thousand foot foot foot foot summit summit summit summit for for for for the the the the tenth tenth tenth tenth time time time time the the the the most most most most times times times times any any any any woman woman woman woman has has has has climbed climbed climbed climbed Mount Mount Mount Mount Everest Everest Everest Everest lock lock lock lock by by by by sherpa sherpa sherpa sherpa has has has has sights sights sights sights on on on on the the the the second second second second highest highest highest highest peak peak peak peak maybe maybe maybe maybe get get get get you you you you are are are are that that that that is is is is due due due due to to to to seasonal seasonal seasonal seasonal very very very very coming coming coming coming soon soon soon soon K. K. K. K. two two two two is is is is in in in in Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan I'm I'm I'm I'm at at at at Donahue Donahue Donahue Donahue
12 LESSONS LEARNED DECEMBER No. 12 - Hello life!
"Happy new year. It's January 1st, the year 2022. Wow. I'm a nail and I'm here to take you on a trip. Get set. But before we start, with all my heart, I wish you all the best for this new year. I hope you can enjoy many beautiful unique and unforgettable moments. And for the bad and sad moments I wish you that you have the strength to handle them. I'm sure this year will give us a lot. Well, I'm ready. My dear listener, welcome to lesson number 12, where I will take you on a ride. I would like to give you a sensation, a kind of feeling that I always try to keep as close as possible and has always helped me in life. Especially on a day which feels a
"mount everest" Discussed on The Business of Sports With Andrew Brandt
"And they're getting the climbing it doesn't matter for lap up the mount takes you six hours or one hour you get the opportunity to keep climbing and pass through that you know. I don't know if it's my quote. I've said this for many years but what i believe hundred. Twenty-nine does so well is. It allows your mind. Open the door to quitting and you get to decide if your body steps through it right and you all got to that point. Where you're i kind of quitting. Maybe isn't the worst idea not quitting for good right. I mean going and sitting in your ten going and getting a massage going eating a meal. You had those opportunities to make it easier. And i know from everyone on this call. You did it. You decided to kind of push through because you wanted to see it was on the other side. You wanted that growth. And unfortunately a lot of ultras in iron man's and things like that the time cut also set up in a way where unless you are in the upper echelon fitness you. Don't get that opportunity in twenty nine. It gives people of all ages that ability to get there and look there. There are people who have that growth mindset in week. One jim fish or seventy nine years old. He is up ten times where he four thousand feet. Any spent thirty six hours out there right on to get to share the mountain with people like that. I think those are stories that we also go back and tell them not only our own story but those that we played with as well matt had debris breakthrough them. We all have like not like like mark said not necessarily quit. Quit but to like. You're a dark place you gotta push. Yeah i'm excited to talk about this. Because i was expecting one and i got to you and i think nathan got to also But what one through. Four for me was very awkward. Because i've never hugged them out in my life..
"mount everest" Discussed on The Business of Sports With Andrew Brandt
"Am or saturday. Morning at four am and. It was very difficult to sleep after that. But i i was on high. I up until monday. Because i'm i'm a. I'm a teacher in school at two thirty. Pm on monday. It felt like. I got hit by a semi and i was like man. I gotta take time out. So i i took a bed at like five pm. That night. Yesterday actually went up to restore in wichita kansas and got cryotherapy. Got an ivy. Got some infrared. Today i feel like a million dollars but these students. I've been sharing the story with them. They know i'm on fire. They they feel the energy You know and i. I keep talking about the two most important parts which we'll talk about later in the podcast. I'm sure but i feel like there's way more in the tank that i previously thought and i know that probably everybody feels the same lake. This kind of endurance race It just unlocks different parts of you. That sometimes he'd even know existed. I mean now. I wanna talk about that and i wanna get to mark the sort of the creation of the event now often. Here's that which. I assume is almost daily. Same kind of reaction. You know you and nathan. I'll bring a nathan now. I met on the first ascent and we went down after one in for people again. I didn't explain fully but to get up to the level of adverse you have to go up the mountain thirteen times over thirty six hour period. It's huge mental challenge as well as physical. But i met you two guys and you guys left wing the talks at some point. Because i certainly didn't finish in the nighttime as you did but nathan looked at you and again you know the first reaction of course. This has rocked. This guy's got muscles coming out of the end. So i'm like okay. You know this guys carrying this muscle up What was your why in sort of wanting to do this. And then talk about.
"mount everest" Discussed on The Business of Sports With Andrew Brandt
"Hey there welcome to the business of sports podcast with andrew. Brandt different kinds of podcasts today. I've just experience climbing mount everest in utah called eberstadt twenty nine hundred twenty nine with this on really. You'd go through some physical mental challenges to try to get up a mountain thirteen times to reach the equivalent around personalisation. Twenty nine thousand feet. It was a life changing experience. It was transformative so much that i thought i'd talk about it on the podcast i'm going to have of. My fellow climbers on with me as long as well as the co founder. The marco lick of twenty nine twenty nine ever staying. I really hope you're gonna enjoy this different kind of world bringing into my life personal loud. You followed me on the journey through twitter instagram etc. And here so. I'm going to share that on the podcast. All right first a word from the spot our sponsor..
Shortest Ever Gamma Ray Burst Discovered
"Astronomers have discovered the shortest epa gamma-ray burst the huge blast identified as gib. Two thousand eight twenty six was coolest by the supernova implosion of a massive star in a distant galaxy. The blast was so powerful. It admitted fourteen million times the energy released by the time. Qa galaxy in the space of just zero point six five seconds most gamma-ray bursts usually more than twice as long producing what are usually described as the brightest most energetic events since the big bang astronomers divide gamma-ray burst into two broad categories based on their duration short period gamma-ray bursts blazing the life in less than two seconds and i thought to be caused by the merging of neutron stars in a binary system neutron stars of the dentist objects in the universe other than black holes. They formed that at the core collapse of massive stars at the end of their lives. Compressing still a comb more. The one point four times the mass of the sun into an object just a dozen or so kilometers wide. The material of neutron stars is as dense as the nucleus of an atom and a single teaspoon of neutron star material would w- as much as mount everest as well as their incredible density. Neutron stars are also intensely hot and possess magnetic fields millions to billions of times stronger than that of the earth long-duration gamma-ray bursts. there's lasting more than two seconds. I thought the because by the implosion of some of the universe's most massive stars at the end of their lives stars. Run out of the hydrogen. That's a stains nuclear reactions in there. 'cause the thing that makes a stash shine without the stabilizing pressure of these reactions starts can't fight gravity they collapse into exotic stellar remnant. The massive start determines its fate star smaller than the one point four times. The mass of the sun will shrink into white dwarves well largest is collapsing the neutron stars and the largest of all collapsed entirely forming black holes an object with such intense gravity. Nothing not even light can escape
"mount everest" Discussed on Masters Decoded
"Me you know how to nice. Factory check auto pension coming from an army. Because you've been an army. You've not done that. You went and did your engineering. You date your program from miami. Look now you know why all of this. Then what was going on in your mic share. Some anybody who claims people say you can do better your life new parts before everest and office that's demarcation in my case since bickering and buying into that. Is you know whatever. I achieved in late has been after my worcester albeit clements martin's anything so i decode. It could has been a big turning bias. Graduation wasn't division. No i was three point four seven. Cpi once episode of india nine. And then i tried hard to make it to three point five..
"mount everest" Discussed on Masters Decoded
"Don't you say that you know you not expecting but then the bush and that was because of army background mentally. She shared donate via just that she was not so. This lady was not able to go to the summit but then whatever she did was much more than what she was doing at home she chewed played a lot and often that she gives such wonderful reviews if his jacob. Google would be so happy to see that that you know. But i would be able to do that at this age but then able to eat it and have not been able to these the stomach immediately because whatever i've been able to that's my stomach so as everybody will not be able to reach the wrist but if you'll try you'll be able to space them and be able to these some of them okay and if you don't try as such so might as well give it a bill so you've been saying basecamp basecamp is not ground level right. It's also i. You have to climb that things would tell you can go with likud. Do basecamp right is not also you have to line to basecamp and many people give up at based on you have to come back. Is that correct from my understanding. Basecamp is pretty high. So all those pink biscuit sea level. You're styling mistaken. It's it's a decent paid. Thank you for clarifying that. No you know at speaking to you from manami background. You've had a. I would say operations which you had to uncover because army and then now you also have a a concrete career. i would say The boots and calm doesn't feel like a copper feels like having fun which is great to see any moments which like have etched in your heart and you say okay cheating summer achieving. The bus boston marathon. Yes there have been significant events but have they been something outside. Which really makes you feel okay. This is why. I'm doing what i'm doing today. There have been instances. Matab really been close to my heart about from evidence and boston recent example. Once i left army we will expedition. It was and we had this army. This army guy..
"mount everest" Discussed on Short Wave
"Say i'll say no. Yeah yes so. The mountains peak is variable to like. And i'm not just talking ice and snow like the rock is actually moving sri. Daddy day is an engineer and expert on himalayan plate tectonics have done field work in. He says philosophist bendy twenty five years. And then i is on the edge of two plates. The eurasian plate and the indian plate and jagai has measured. How the indian plate is slipping underneath the eurasian plate and how that is pushing everest. Skyward that measurements sussman. Be ios. you one point four millimeter. Earning is in high buddy. A- relating few hundred years we can only do they bring vessel. Minnesota's comes jetty has concluded that everest is gaining roughly a centimeter every ten years. So that's about a foot every three hundred years other scientists say that's far too conservative that the growth could be three times even four times that much but i mean however fast everest is rising. Things can happen very quickly to change that like earthquakes. oh Or at least they have in the past so professor. John studied a nineteen thirty four quake. She calculated took about sixty centimeters off the mountains height. So that's at least six hundred years of growth a raised in an instant. And there's been another quake since in two thousand fifteen and we're not sure how that affected the height because there haven't been any definitive measurements since then so i'm guessing you're about to tell me it's time to remeasure mount everest. It is indeed so last year nepal sent up a team of scientists to do just that and this year with the climbing. Season cancelled for kelvin. China did the same and both countries have been analyzing their findings and to release the measurements. Pretty much any day now. This is very exciting. Yes especially because most of the surveys of everest over the centuries have been done by foreigners british colonial rulers. there was an american survey. There was an italian one and professor monitor. The expert from nepal says. Yeah he's motivated by science and the search for truth and all of this but also impart by the police protease. Why don't we measure our own mountain and so nepal dead and we are waiting for those findings now. It may turn out to be taller shorter. Whatever the point though is that it's changing and that's what scientists say matters to them. Here's garage on the former survey of india guy again. I feel the joint work. You know sharing the knowledge will use the society big understanding. What is there a big deal if you come and say okay. I'm announcing more diverse ideas. This much hell did that. Who cares you know. Because she is the the learning the teaching ho. The people understand how other people perceive much you're put in what model you used then busy. Happy if he's happy about what this tells us about. The earth overall the technology. They're fine tuning on everest has all these practical applications from agriculture to defense and scientists say if their research gets.
"mount everest" Discussed on Short Wave
"This message comes from npr sponsor. Wise zandt a one to one tutoring alternative to online classes where you can learn face to face online. Get help with tackling new subjects and career skills or just catching up weisan lists thousands of personal instructors over three hundred subjects available for live individualized lessons with their online learning platform heads at wnyc a. N. t. dot com to find your perfect instructor. Love it or your first hour is free because it wise and we take learning personally. Okay lauren fire. Today we are talking about mount everest. Which is the highest mountain. Unearth when you measure from sea level and today we're focusing on how that measurement is made. Where do we start. How about some old time newsreel. Dr evidenced bothering his survey of eighteen hundred forty one estimated hypoc pinton nine thousand feet sue back in the nineteenth century when george ever esta. Brit was the surveyor general of india. The use trigonometry to measure the height of the mountain we learned in middle school at points angles and triangles totally. Yeah and incidentally the mountain got its english name from surge everest but it was actually an indian mathematician rudd Sick dr who did most of the work and actually figured out that this mountain is the highest point on earth. That sounds right for colonialism. Totally yeah okay. So how accurate was this trigonometry approach. We'll i put that question to be naga rajon. He's a geoscientist. One of george everest successors at the survey of india office which still exists but is now staffed by indians in sitting in the same chair. Same location where georgiev restaurants it. Because i didn't want to change the room. So he says the trigonometry that his predecessors used throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was surprisingly accurate. I mean the standard height. Everyone now uses for everest that twenty nine thousand twenty nine feet. It dates back to nineteen fifty five. Wow that's pretty impressive okay. So how did they actually calculate that measurement for a mountain like. Walk me through it. It was not easy. They measured it from eight. Different points out is aren't landon distance and everything and computer and took the mean. It was a very difficult matured very heavy machines. Heavy machines called theod delights. Optical instruments used to measure angles between visible points on the horizon and vertical planes. They're like a cross between a telescope and compass You might have seen municipal surveyors using them sort of on a tripod. Oh yeah. I've seen those folks with reflective vests little tripods them yes okay so but for measuring mountains. They are these big heavy versions. I don't know how many hundreds of kilograms the weight and then carried forward to make this measurement it slowed colored. Most of the time we know covered so the effort that was put on. Was betty difficult nowadays. Nothing much what the chinese are doing. Our members are doing their high take instrumentation with the chinese and the nepalese. We're doing now involves satellites so instead of measuring everest from afar on the horizon with these the delight contraptions these send a team up to the top of the mountain with a hand held. Gps receiver that sounds like a little easier to me. Maybe but maybe not here is dena mandar. He's a gps expert from nepal who teaches now at the university of tokyo horse environment. There that are very windy. And you have all these battery or power problems and like the people who climbed everest. They come stay there probably more than half an hour. I think that's limit for them because they already exhausted. They've got thirty minutes to connect to multiple satellites because are solar flares interference at altitude. You can't rely on just one reading and they have to measure the thickness of ice and snow underfoot. Because you wanna reading from the actual rock mountain right not the ice and so for that. You need a ground penetrating radar another piece of equipment to haul up the mountain. Yeah so fumbling. With all of that on top of everest. You've got wind. You've got your oxygen depleting. The clock is taking and that is still the easy. Part monitor says because all of that data from the top of everest. It's only half the story. Yeah so you need to know for his fine. And that's the biggest problem didn't need a cfo somewhere. But we don't have a seat afri- in nepal because nepalis landlocked country. It's land everywhere. The nearest sea level is india. How high this mountain is you. I need to know how low sea level is and you need a reference point sea level which it turns out varies depending on where you are. Yeah i mean sea levels tricky right. It's not necessarily constant and climate change is really messing with sea level these days. Yeah and as monitor says there isn't even a c next to everest. So here's how they do it. They measure sea level in india at the bay of bengal at china's yellow sea at many other points hundreds of them to calculate the mean sea level and then they figure out where sea level would be if there were right next to everest. Oh okay and then you just measure from there up to the peak. Well no no. No you have to account for the shape of the earth. The shape of the art okay. It's lives swyto very much. Believe swyto right. The earth is elipsoid. Like a oval-shaped watermelon because of the earth's rotation makes kind of bulge slightly at the equator. Plus you have to account for how gravity effect sea level in different places around the world and mountains themselves affect gravity so the earth at sea level this invisible line along the earth surface. It's actually like kind of lumpy. So you're telling me that we are standing on a lumpy elipsoid. That's the sea. Level is actually not level at all. And so the next step. You gotta map. Those lumps essentially variations in the earth's gravitational force. And then you get the g. Lead a i'm sorry Yeah so the. It is the shape of the earth at sea level taking into account gravity and the planet's rotation and now you follow that joy to appoint directly under everest. And that's what you use as a reference point for the mountains height okay so after all that sea levels gravity you finally get a reference point you take that you compare it to your. Gps measurement from the top of the mountain and woah. You get everest's height well not so fast because there's also these pesky plate tectonics. Oh my god lauren. This is harder than actually climbing everest. I'll.
"mount everest" Discussed on Short Wave
"From npr. Mattie safai here with lauryn freyre first time on the show lauren. Welcome hey thanks for having me absolutely okay. So you cover south asia for npr. What do you have for us sumati. Today i have for you a number the number itself. Twenty nine thousand twenty nine. It just becomes something that you. I guess fixate on it becomes just this special number in your mind you hear it and you just know immediately what it means matty before he tell you who this person is. I want to ask you your climber. I bet you know what this number means. Yeah climbers strong word. For what i do out there lauren. But yeah i totally know what the number is. But why don't you tell our audience who might not know what it is okay. So it is the height of mount everest. The world's highest peak is on the border of nepal and china height. That roxanne vogel who's voice. You just heard there. She knows every single foot of and that's because last year she set a speed record there. I became the first person to successfully climb everest from my home in san francisco all the way to the top and return home in fourteen days. We called it a lightning ascent. That's that's fast. That's too fast. Yeah total underachiever that roxanne there but how can a person even do that. Lauren will so to prepare for this. Lightning ascent roxanne trained like mad and she was constantly focused on that number. Twenty nine thousand twenty nine twenty nine having never been that high one eight nine thousand twenty nine. It was certainly something that focused my training. Nine thousand twenty nine and so she kept plugging in that number doing calculations. Twenty nine thousand twenty nine like okay. Here's how many thousand feet sleeping at and then to finally stand there. Twenty nine thousand twenty nine at that altitude. That's the closest to heaven or the closest outer space that i will ever get on this earth and it's kind of life changing when you're out there. But.
Leadership Lessons From Trekking up Mount Everest Twice
"But i love the story you told during your x speech where someone said. Well you went to everest. But you didn't get to the top choices. I guess she didn't get to the top ever so you can tell a story about being i think. He was at j. P. morgan or smith barney. Right j. p. morgan central. Tell that story to our listeners. Because i think it's brilliant story about failure and success. Yeah so so understand when we got back from the mountain in two thousand two as the first american women's expedition sponsored by the ford motor company. Because were the first team of american women attempting this mountain. We had a lot of media coverage four hundred fifty media outlets fodder climb and then we didn't make it and so we had to go back and do the big media tour talking about this failure and it was such a public failure and to have to talk about this failure constantly. All these media interviews just felt like a punch to the gut right because everyone was so focused on the fact that we didn't make it and i really internalize that failure. And i went to dinner party when i got back home to san francisco and the host of the dinner party was introducing the gas and he said oh. Hey this is my friend. Alison she just climb out address. And then the guy that was sitting across the table for me. He looked at me and he said oh no way. That's awesome all the way to the top and i said We'll know unfortunately we we were forced to turn around just a couple of hundred feet from the top storm. And he said oh so. You didn't climb. Mt ever and i was like. Oh wait. hang on hang on. I told mow story about how we spent two months on that now and we just had super lousy luck with the weather. You know we were just a couple of hundred feet from the top and had to turn back and gave him this whole lecture about getting to top optional. Getting down as mandatory and he said that's all great and everything. But here's the you know. The bottom line is if you're in at the very top then you didn't climb it. It doesn't count. So i just i was like all right What do you do tough guy. And he said. I worked for j. p. morgan so of course i replied with Oh no way you are the. Ceo of j. p. morgan and he said no. I didn't say i was the ceo. I i work in fixed. Income trading my said. Oh well then. I guess you don't really work for j. p. morgan do because if you're not the very top that it doesn't
"mount everest" Discussed on Unexplainable
"The tallest mountain and that was made obvious in the eighties. When there was a measurement taken of ketu which is and pakistan. I picked up the paper and here was a headline saying that. Ketu which we'd all four was. The second highest mountain on earth was going to be the first number one. That measurements actually made k. To taller for a second then everest the whole range might be about two hundred and forty seven meters or about eight hundred feet higher not only k. To but some of the other peaks in the surrounding area might be higher than mount everest. That measurement eventually got debunks. Faith found out. There were a lot of things wrong with it. But there was a huge frenzy and people said well i guess i gotta go climb k. Two now did very excited. Because it's different to climb the highest picking order then the second pick the you're so is this ultimately about tourism not necessarily i mean it gives communities in immense sense of pride in having something like everest in their country as well and i could tell when i got a chance to speak with the surveyors who took the latest measurement. One of those being come lulled the man who climb to the top of everest we will be people mountainous frontier. He told me that they were very proud of being among all this instability is too high high mountainous this that after this devastating earthquake that it was their responsibility to clarify the question around the height of mount everest. Half the mountain is in china in half. The mountain is in nepal. And this was the first time that they had taken. A measurement on their side of the mountain and for kim lull. Even though he suffered a lot during the climbing he lost a toe and even though the measurement is probably.
"mount everest" Discussed on Unexplainable
"Mount everest beautiful being jewish and long believed to be the tallest mountain in the world. But is okay unexplainable back laura in the first half of the show. You were talking about why. It's so hard to measure mount everest and how it comes down to the bottom of the mountain not the top actually and it's complicated because of this whole mess that is how scientists measure sea level. So how else could we measure a mountain. So i was talking to dan roam about this. He's the scientist. From noah who i interviewed and he explained to me that it's really about perspective when you measure something you need them. Determine what you're measuring from. How high is it above. What n if you change. Where you're measuring from where the base measurement is there are some new contenders for the tallest mountain in the world's all right. Let's hear about contender number one. There's a hawaiian mountain now. Akia that is actually taller than everest. If you're doing a simple base to peak measurement and that's because a majority of nonaka is underwater took away. The water looked at how high that volcano is sitting. It is very impressive. If you measure monica like you would a person from your feet to your head from the bottom of the top of the mountain. It would be the tallest mountain in the world. That seems like a pretty simple way to measure mountain west contender number twos. So there's a mountain that would be taller than everest if we do a simple base to peak metre and it's not because this mountain is underwater. What mountain is that. That would be denali in alaska. Okay that's mountain formerly known as mckinley. Yes exactly everest actually sits on top of plateau so the base of everest is already pretty high above sea level so it sort of gets a head. Start in that sense okay. But denali where the mountain meets. The land is much closer to sea level so the base to peak is actually much higher than everest. Like how much dollar. If we do a simple base to peak measurement denali would actually be taller than everest. Something like six thousand feet. Oh okay that. That's like huge. Yes then it would look taller. If you stood at the base you can look up and cracking your neck trying to look up at the top of it whereas you know when you're looking at the himalayas you see the front part of the himalayas behind that sticking up. Maybe you feel what you own including might see mount everest so this is sort of a semantic question of like what is a mountain yes do we count the like himalayan plateau that ever sitting on that part of mount everest or mount everest. Sort of start on top of that. Yeah it could be looked at that way. It's because we've chosen level. As the base measurement that we do include that plateau the official height of everest. But there's also another way to think about height that's not necessarily semantic and it's if we chose a different base measurements so something that would be simpler than sea level is the center of the earth. And that's where the bulge at the equator. Comes in your snot. Round ball is squashing twenty kilometers on the poles so that means it's relatively wider by twenty kilometers on equator and that equals sixty five thousand feet stats like to address okay and so a mountain in ecuador. Tim barroso on paper. It is much shorter than everest but because of that bulge it's actually the closest mountain to space. Okay so if you wanna stand on a peak that is the closest to the stars. You should go to tim. Brazo and not to everest okay. So we've got these three contenders besides everest for tallest mountain. Mount acadia denali. Jim barroso i gotta say if i'm thinking about all of these i'm not as swayed by jim barroso being sort of the closest to space. Because i don't really think that we feel that twenty kilometer bolger for near the equator. But i am kind of swayed by denali. I mean it's the mountain that feels the tallest mountain. That looks the tallest. If you're nearby. I feel like just like we. Don't take into account that twenty kilometer. Headstart and tim barroso would probably not taking into account the himalayan plateau that sits under everest feels like denali has a good claim to being the tallest mountain in the world. Yeah i mean if you think about sea level being a human centric measurement. That's why we chose it. I mean that makes a lot more sense than choosing the center of the earth as a base measurement. We want to know what the experience of climbing a mountain would be like by that measure based to peak does matter and the experience of climbing denali verses everest would reflect that yeah i mean it feels like everest only has all this importance because of sea level which is almost arbitrary like it doesn't represent either. What's the actual highest thing on earth. Or what feels like the highest thing compared to the land around. It's just sort of this weird problem we've created for ourselves. Yes we've definitely put ourselves in a bind because we have chosen sea level as a base measurement. It's extremely hard to measure sea level. But dan the scientists. I spoke to is working on a new model for sea level. That should make a easier. How would that model work. So remember that sea level is by no means a static thing it changes all over because of temperature because of the salinity in the water because of the bulge at the equator and because of all the little gravity fluctuations around the world right. Okay so dan is basically working on a model that accounts for all of these things and it would essentially create a universal zero that everyone could use for sea level and it will help us get rid of all of this really tedious survey. That people were doing you know in the eighteen hundreds and frankly still doing today. Which is why it took years to take latest measurement and so essentially. Dan is trying to make sea level more of a universal value that that's pegged to something objective like this model of all the little gravity fields on earth. Yeah exactly and once. Dan gets this true universal sea level. I assume everest's height is going to change again right. Yeah it'll change but Even dan doesn't know in which direction to go up or down but it will change most likely at the end of the day like is this just trivia. Is this just something to impress your friends at the bar with to be like. Oh hey you know. Denali is actually the tallest mountain in the world from base to summit. We had this. Actually we had our special summit and this is one of the trivia questions i mean. How much does does all of this measuring mountains matter. It's a good question. I mean i think it matters a little in a lot. I mean especially for people who really care about superlatives or conquering the highest thing in the world. A lot of people have died. Hundreds of people have died climbing everest. People paid tens of thousands of dollars to climb this mountain. It only costs a few hundred dollars to climb tim baraza. If you wanted to people just want to climb. Whatever is.
"mount everest" Discussed on Unexplainable
"There's two other things that make measuring sea level more complicated than you might think. Okay one is that.
At Least 100 Climbers, Staff Infected With COVID-19 on Mount Everest
"Enough of a challenge. Climbers and guides are getting Cove it. Ah climbing guide says At least 100 people tested positive for covert and base camp. Nepalese officials say there's no outbreak on the world. Largest highest peak. If you go to Ocean
Sherpa Guide Scales Mount Everest for Record 25th Time
"Shopping guide has scaled Mount Everest for the twenty fifth time breaking his own record for the most a sense of the world's highest peak Comey Rita and eleven other shopping guides are the first group of climbers to reach the summit this year they were fixing the ropes on the ice routes so that hundreds of other climbers can scale the peak later this month Eversource close climbing last year on both the southern side which is in the poll and its northern side which in China because of the corona virus pandemic Nepal has issued climbing permits this year to four hundred eight four climbers despite a surging culverted nineteen I'll break arms area shockingly
Corona Reaches Mount Everest
"Everyone wants tips on. I feel like it should be jury service. Everyone will get two weeks two weeks of just like she just around all the countries and sort it all out covid response infrastructure everything. That would be great. Wouldn't it but what she's going to have to go to mount everest if she's going to do that because covid has even reached their region climate under sherpur tested positive for covid nineteen. I mean that doesn't give much hope for if you can't socially distance l. the mount everest. The more crowded pulse of with the headline was bad because it said corona virus reaches mount everest. Which makes it sound like the little virus that good a year bigheaded before but now we have corona virus. The adventure is basically corona and ben. Fogel that is we just don't need it. Corona blogging about the view. What journey it's been onto get on the radio and chat so convincing. Everyone that the sheriff has love it and it's great bounce wells gap here anyway today so why won't often with degrade uncle teddy. I don't think wrote an isa anymore bigheaded than it currently is
Interview With Former Air Force Officer, And Motivational Speaker Toolika Rani
"Hello and welcome to another edition of a dc woman. Podcast i am your host sonia ago play and today in honor of international women's day. We are so excited to welcome. Retired indian. Air force officer mountaineer motivational speaker research. Scholar and travel writer to ronnie deluca is the first woman from uttar pradesh india to climb mount everest and the first indian woman to climb the highest volcano of asia. Known as mount. Dama avant in san to look i served in the indian air force for a decade and was squadron leader an outdoor training instructor in the prestigious indian air force academy in hyderabad india and she was even involved. The physical training of hundreds of feature officers including india's first three women fighter pilots with twenty three mountaineering expeditions and tracks in india nepal bhutan iran africa and russia under her belt. To look at is now working on her. Phd continuing to train for future tracks and she serves as a motivational speaker which includes a hugely popular. Ted talk and she has been featured widely in mainstream media india and south asia. She is a staunch advocate of women's rights and human rights. Globally juelich out. Welcome to the show. Is sonia thank you for having made you to look i. I wanna say that the messages you received from your family and especially your mother growing up or such a tremendous example of female empowerment and a genuine belief in human spirit. You were taught that you only have this life to pursue your dreams and goals and that nothing can get in your way so long as your mind believes it you can achieve it while if every young girl or woman receive this message growing up. What could be accomplished on planet earth. So really really impressed by that. And you've talked a lot about your spiritual beliefs and faith. And i wanna ask you. What is going to remind as you ascend a mountain. do you go into a meditative state. Will you rely on your deep spiritual beliefs and constantly have to retain mindfulness in assessing the physical challenges. Along the way i would imagine. There's a variety of protocols and situational awareness. That is needed. But i'd really like her more from you on that. Because in my estimation this mindset is what separates those who make it to the top and those who unfortunately do not on different stages of climbing i have a different kind of a mindset. I would say that. If i fain like there there might be avalanche. There might be a route wash. That might be bad weather. Something which has detained my plans to climb a mountain. I get into a buddy confrontational mode. Because i am. I'm trained as a soldier. And i had to fight my adversity so at times i started seeing the mountain. Asthma adversity. it happened to me on mount everest. I had to in my second attempt. Also i had to turn back from three thousand feet twice before i made my tent and succeeded so in those two attempts i started challenging everest. That either you can give me death or injury you can go ahead and give me that and i will keep on doing what i'm capable of doing. So sometimes i get into that kind of confrontational mode. Where i see that. Yes the mountain in front of me. Is the obstacle that i have to overcome he. It is an enemy. And i have to fight it with all my might that i have sometimes from vivid me. There are certain sentences accord or something but have support him that just springs up bent. The conditions are really tough. I'm climbing exhausted and the going gets very very tough. I have seen these flashes. Coming from within a volume by Kipling everybody had about displaying very famous swim. If so there was this lions from this point if that some everything is finished and nothing is left to new that still a wasting your head which says hold on so at one time this would hold on just a up in my mind and i just continued. I just held on and kept my foot one foot after another in front official. So that is how it happens sometimes. It is ready spinach with because london's are so beautiful. I get into that meditative state also but i contemplate the nature of life seeing a mountain see a mountain the stance alone so anybody who is strong mighty and wants to rise high. Perhaps in life would be like that alone solitary having his own battles and also facing all kinds of storms videos rain gold snowfall everything but still standing very tall and after that i absolve that seed they also the cloud at times at times it is just sunny so this is how life also is on. Mountain's what i love the most about is that i don't have that usual crowd around me.
FACT SMACK: Spider Edition
"Okay kwong here's how this is gonna work all right. Sebastian gets roughly ten minutes facts to prove that his critter of choice. Spiders are the coolest critters. Okay got it now. These are general spider facts. So sebastian gets to call on any spider. He wants which gives him a lot to choose from. There are like roughly forty five thousand species of spiders and to give you a sense of context. Think about an animal that we see all the time or type of animal mammals right there are only about six thousand or so species of mammals that covers literally everything from shrews to wales to rhinos compared to the forty five thousand as of spiders nest so many spy seen mammals. Like it's just where it's at. Now where's that okay. So here's the thing it's not just. How many of them there. It's also where they live. Spiders are out here. Along in here is pretty much everywhere. See this is one of my favorite things about Planet earth is basically. Wherever i go. I can find a spider because they are spiders living everywhere from the inter titles on right at the ocean's edge to forests to dryest desert's where they build sand tunnels under the sand up on mountains not as regular mountains all the way up to the slopes of mount everest and everything in between a hold on he just said there are spiders that live on mount everest. Oh yeah clung. There's a famous one up. There called the himalayan jumping spider. They live up to twenty two thousand feet or sixty seven hundred meters above sea level. They are the spider the animal that is arguably the highest permanent resident on earth. They're living in the penthouse on our planet incredible. I wouldn't have thought i wouldn't have thought spider. I would've thought something else. Yeah i know me neither. But i love this because even its species name omni superstars is kind of perfect for talking smack. The omni superstar means stands above everything because it is literally above us at all points of the day of the night of the year. Watching down a bunks. All be lower animals. Identify lower animal. You know about that spider. Maybe your soul mate. All right what else do you got supplier okay. So the one that sent me over the spider edge wong. Did you know that there are multiple types of spiders who live at least part-time underwater. Like i'm talking seawater freshwater. They're out there. I mean you must find that amazing because you can barely swim. Wow wow wow. Wow emily everyone else was getting to talk. Smack didn't turn honestly fair but her full fare but herve okay. Okay so anyways. There's this spider that lives underwater called the diving bell spider and they basically make a sifi like underwater dome of air. That's their air pocket. Go there when they need to breathe and the rest of the time they just go out and they bring a little like bubble of air around their lungs which on a spider on the bottom of the abdomen. Bring a bubble of air around with that and they're just walking around underwater. They are catching food under their catching fish catching small insects and their entire life every part of their lifespan from birth to reproduction to death. Okay even i. A person who doesn't think about spiders will admit this incredibly cool that spiders are really living all over. The place got range qualm. They got rained. I don't mean like as a group of species. Some spiders legit have ranged. in fact many spiders can fly. I mean technically it's called ballooning but they're flying get out what they'll do is they. Basically will just release silk into the wind and it goes up and basically turns into like a kite. But when you're a light enough to be a spider something that's like a kite is basically like an air balloon out of here and okay. Here's the thing though. It's not just them catching the wind. There's evidence that spiders can sense earth's electric fields and take advantage of that to shoot up into the sky
Traveling To Snowdonia
"Let's start with a peak at the natural appeal of the largest national park. In wales snowdonia the highest peak and wales in fact the highest peak in england and wales is called snowden sits in the heart of the snowdonia region and in one of britain's first national parks these welsh islands offer outdoor adventures gorgeous backdrop and draw countless tourists each year. Well skied martin. The land of its is here to help us make the most of our time in snowdonia martin. Thanks for being here. Thank you for having me there. So i've been to your home. Snowden is right in the backyard you grew up there in northern wales snowden in snowdonia national park mean to you. It's a place. I tend to walk quite a lot. It's just a huge and beautiful area. When i say huge. It's massive eight hundred and twenty seven square miles but you don't see that many people in it feels massive because it's it's windy it stark. It's pristine yeah. Small road not allowed to crowds. How tall is mount snowden. It's the massive height of three thousand six hundred fifty feet above sea level at its peak but because it rises more or less out of the sea. Yeah it has the aspect of bigness about it. It's so interesting because here on the west coast of the united states. Three thousand five hundred feet. It's like this is sort of a medium mountain pass for britain. That's a big peak. That's you know. Ben davis is the highest one in britain and there are few mountains over four thousand of the snowdonia national park. You have all of wales peaks over three thousand feet high and on. I think there's only one pecan english over three thousand okay. And this is the north of wales in. I've traveled on wheels. A fair bid. I just if you got limited time. I would recommend north. The peaks only Less than four thousand feet but didn't The british Climbers have mount everest. Actually practice in the snowden area. They practiced in that. Nobody had ever used oxygen on a mountain before. And so they had a stroll round be had Two systems an open and closed. And they thought oh. The closed system is much better. But what they didn't realize goes onto everest the vows and clo- system froze so the luckily they had a couple of open systems with them but they had some rugged enough areas in north wales where thought they could have some practice there. And you do get to some mountain. they're not resorts alert. Sort of hiking centers or something there. There's some beautiful towns. There's town called. Beth goulart galaxy. Guess who described beth killer it's a mountainous area and therefore towns villages. They nestle in the valleys. They don't sit on tops of hills and bathe galax which means ballots grave is useful in a little bowl with rivers running through it stone building. Oh everything is built on. Everything is built stone bridges over the babbling drone bridges and of course slate roofs because wales used to be the slate production center of the world at one time that right so when we think about going to north wales as a visitor and we want to do some hikes. What advice would you give for enjoying the nature of snowden national park and bringing up some calories at the same time you can hike all levels. Mt snowden itself with acid in welsh is an attraction. And there's a railway that runs up if you don't wanna walk for three hours just take the train and this is kind of a cute little tourist steam train. Yeah it goes from some berries up to the top and that's a family out it is. It gets crowded. Some of what i was going to say is that snowden is like a magnet people have heard people know that so that eight hundred and twenty seven square. Miles will get away from snowden. You'll see fewer and fewer and people which is a lovely thing. It is very empty area. It is and if you wanted to have some rugged memory you could hike it without the steam train. Take what five hours or so three hundred. Well five hours up and down if you if you know. It's a nice day. It's a lovely day. Beware say this flat up. Beware of times of year like easter when it's considerably cooler the top dress. Well okay
London And Surrounding Areas Restarting Lockdowns Due To Coronavirus Mutating
"And parts of essex and hot fanfare are hours away from returning to the highest level of covid nineteen restrictions following an alarming spike of cases in the capital pubs restaurants and other indoor entertainment. Venues will close once more. The latest surge has been ascribed to a new variant of the corona virus which appears to be growing more rapidly than previously for the moment however the uk's government says it has no plans to review the curious christmas truce. It appears to think it has negotiated with the virus. While i'm joined with more on this boy monocle. Twenty four health and science correspondent dr. Chris smith also a virologist at cambridge university chris. This the idea that there's a new strain of covid nineteen sounds like the very definition of the absolute last thing. We want to hear at this point. How grim news is this to be quite honest with you. I'm not alarmed. I'm not surprised. And i'm actually quite reassured and explain all those things ovar mutate because they're based on the same genetic code is running in pretty much will life on earth then the same mechanisms that lead to life evolving and changing apply viruses. And so as they go through their hosts they would evolve and change and corona virus is no exception. That's exactly what's happened to you. Therefore we would anticipate that we would see different strains and different emerging and indeed. This is not the first time it has happened. We've seen happened early. On in the pandemic in china we've seen it happen and disclosed various different forms of the viruses spread across the world and in europe they documented some of the same changes are now being seen in this new variant in the south east of england. So this is not altogether new in terms of concept and is not altogether new in terms of variant. This being disclosed. We're reassured by matt. Hancock saying yesterday house commons the the. Don't think although they are confirming that this will lead to the virus sidestepping the effects of a vaccine. We don't think it makes people who catch it for ill. It just may be transmits a bit better. Although that speculation on airpods that they're they're saying it might be linked to an increasing cases in the southeast england in terms of course load but don't know for sure if we're going to try to be exceptionally optimistic about this. Is there any possibility that the reason the viruses having to mutate to survive is there an indication that perhaps that means we've got it on the run will certainly when you apply pressure to a virus and by pressure. I mean for instance putting a vaccine into a population so you create an immune barrier or you put in place public health measures. You are forcing the virus to change to optimize to those new conditions. Because that's why things evolve in the first place. They're responding to selective pressure from their environment. And we know we do this to the flu. We know this happens with hiv. When we give people hiv drugs for example then the virus that grows in them is the only one that can bypass the blockade of drug. And that's why we use multiple drugs at wants to minimize the chance. The happening so the concept is common. Well understood so yes. It is. Theoretical possibility that by applying pressure to the virus. We are forcing it to become more infectious so that despite robbing it of opportunities to transmit it can still continue to transmit given the does appear to have become more infectious in the capital. However does it make the proposed relaxation of restrictions around christmas. Look even more. Ill advised than they might have. Well we don't know it has become more infectious in the capital. We know we've got more cases same in the east and southeast of england essex positive of cheer kent. They've seen big increases in numbers of the trend is in an upward direction. Which is why caution. Reproach has been taken in the uk by moving. Probably the best part of eleven million people who live in those territories into a so-called tier three situation to apply more pressure to the virus. The idea i think is this is anticipating the trend is going upwards where we are today is not where we're going to be tomorrow and so by bearing down on ahead of christmas when there's going to be this loosening effect where we got five days of reveling and Enhanced mixing the there are going to be more cases so if we start molo point and already have more control at the virus to start with them. We're going to end up finishing the low point than we otherwise would is or anything that the rest of the world should have learned from the united states. Experience we've thanksgiving because that was sort of a test run of what happens if all of a sudden millions of people travel by aircraft and by train and spend at least today in close quarters with households other than their own well. This is exactly what happened with chinese new year and when millions of people were mobilized to crush china to get together for the chinese new year this probably spawned even more cases because people traveled internationally for that event to so yes. History is full of examples of peop- of of Repeating itself and this is no exception. We are anticipating that. The mixing that goes on over christmas will lead to more cases. The question is how many more cases and how are we going to cope with them. So is there a good reason at least scientifically good reason. Why not just this government. But any government wouldn't just say to its people look seriously. Christmas is basically cancelled We are just going to have to suck this up for a few more months. We do have a vaccine to look forward to. We do have a restoration of normality to look forward to. We might maybe think about throwing in an extra couple of bank holidays around. June but christmas is basically not going to happen. Will the president of the royal college of emergency medicine was asked this very question on bbc. Radio four's pm program. Yesterday an her answer was. Are you asking me. This is a doctor or as you asking me this as human and actually you get a very different also because the doctor slash the infection control person is going to say which just council everything we should imprison. Everybody break the chain of transmission bear down on the virus but the human element of this is people need something to look forward to. Morale is incredibly important. And if you rob people away of the one thing. They've looked forward to in. What is the end of a very dismal year than this will probably translate into poor compliance in the long term. it will probably therefore translate into in the long-term more cases more headaches more problems and ultimately more casualties from are so. I think the government have of compromise. Here the trying to go for a controlled christmas. Where if you allow people some flexibility you know that most people will be responsible. You hope that they are. You're willing to tolerate some degree of of letting your hair down because you know that in a noncompliant christmas where you'd said don't do this and if on breaks the rules anyway he's probably going to be a higher price to pay in the long term. I think that's really the equation that they've done. Well let's look finally at the progress of that vaccine which is now being rolled out in united kingdom and again it's a question of government messaging. Does it strike you. As a missed opportunity that there is a website with a rolling hourly update of how many people have now been vaccinated. Well the numbers are not that high yet You see numbers like yesterday. They did three hundred people or four hundred people in this hospital and that hospital. And when you see that there's this peak of mount everest which is sixty eight million people in the uk high eight billion people on earth. Hide one what. You wanna do When you knock a few hundred off that is not much. And so. I think maybe that's coming may be there. There is that opportunity in the future but for now. It probably wouldn't be a big demonstrable difference
Progress Toward A Safer Psychedelic Drug To Treat Depression And Addiction
"There's growing evidence that psychedelic drugs can help people with mental health problems like addiction and depression. But these drugs also cause hallucinations and other dangerous side effects. So as NPR's Jon Hamilton reports, scientists are working to create safer alternatives. The drug ibogaine comes from the roots of a West African shrub. Small studies suggest it can reduce drug cravings and withdrawal symptoms. But David Olson of the University of California, Davis says using ibogaine is a treatment presents huge challenges. Ibogaine is like the Mount Everest of psychedelics. It causes hallucinations and potentially fatal heart problems. Also, it's really hard to make in large quantities. Olson in a team of researchers had a question. Can you take a really complex molecular structure like ibogaine and distill it down to its essential elements that give rise to the beneficial effects? Coulson's team started by giving the ibogaine molecules some nips and tucks be locked off the parts of the structure that gave rise to a lot of the deleterious effects and we left the part of the structure intact. It still was able to have anti addictive and anti depressant properties. The changes also left the substance that was easy to manufacture. The scientist named their creation tavern and tha Log or TV G, and they began testing it in rodents, including some binge drinking mice. Every single animal in the experiment. Reduce their consumption for alcohol, which was really, really surprising. TVG also helped rats that had been addicted to heroin, Olson says. Usually these rats relapse in response to light or sound cues they associate with the drug Tabernacle log is able to have this long lasting protective effect on heroin relapse. TVG also improved symptoms of depression in mice. All without producing any heart problems or behaviors associated with hallucination. Wilson, who has a financial stake in T B G, says drugs based on psychedelic substances have great potential because they work in a different way. They don't mask disease symptoms. Really designed to try to rewire the brain. The T B G results appear in the journal Nature, and it's still not clear whether they will hold up in people. But scientists not involved in the study say the approach has great potential. It's definitely promising it zah first step Gabriella Manzano is a researcher at well Cornell Medicine in New York and co author of a commentary on the T V G study. She says it suggest a way to make other psychedelic drugs safe enough to become mainstream options for treating psychiatric disorders. This provides a road map on how we could start tweaking these chemical compounds to make them very useful in the clinic. Keep the good parts get rid of the bad parts. It's still not known, though, whether getting rid of the bad parts will keep the drugs from being effective. Counter. Liston is an associate professor of neuroscience and psychiatry it while Cornell. One of the big questions in the field is is the hallucinogenic experience necessary for getting better. And there's some evidence both ways, Liston says. It's time to figure out what psychedelic drugs and they're triplets counterparts can really do for people with depression, addiction, PTSD and other disorders. Let's gather the data. Let's see what works. Let's make sure we understand the safety profile. But let's also be open to the possibility that these compounds could really help. A lot of people who need help. Listen, notes that one psychedelic ketamine has already been approved to treat depression. Jon Hamilton. NPR news
Why did Mount Everest's height change?
"Mount Everest. Official Height is a contentious topic between China and Nepal until today. Officials from both countries just announced they've agreed the world's highest peak measures exactly 8848.86 M or 29,032 FT. The new number is less than a meter higher than the previously recognized height and comes after more than a decade of debate.
The world's highest mountain officially just got a little bit higher
"Today. China and appall agreeing for the first time announced that Mount Everest, which straddles both countries, is now 29,032 FT. Tall, slightly more than Nepalis previous measurement. About 13 ft higher than China's BBC environmental correspondent Levin saying Khadka joins us from London on Skype Levin, How do you measure this thing? How they do it? Hmm. Now that's the question, isn't it? How do you do it? How do you measure the highest mountain in the world? All right, So look, I don't want to confuse your audiences. It's lot off lot of technology a lot off complications there. But basically what they told me was, it is easy to find out the top of the mountain. But what you need to find out is the bottom of the mountain. How do you find at the bottom of the mountain and that will help them to find its height. So that is where you know the sea level thing comes in, so the Nepalese authorities they used the building goal as the base And then from there, they call this precise leveling again now that sea level needs to reach in the Everest region. Okay, so that's illegal. You know, visibly, you have to reach using your tripod. You know every 50 m or so they did for 250 kilometers and reach the Everest region and that watch as if The mountain is standing on the sea. You know that? Yeah, they calculated. That's one of the ways of doing it. But there are other ways as well well, but I understand that the two countries have argued about the other side how high it is. So when China and measure the mountain in 2005 it found a mounting was 8000 Internet 44.43 M So that it said was the rock surface. Now That's why there was this disagreement and China back then wanted Nepal to agree to this. This hide that found and appall disagreed because the Nepalese How did the snow on top of the summit? You're right. So yes, the the figure of Nepal government was using Woz, including the snow cap. They had this difference all these years. And then finally, you know, Nepal told that okay, This has to be decided once and for all, And then, in the meantime, if you remember in 2015, they were just major earthquake. So many geologists believe that that might have impacted on every side and therefore they have to find out if there was any change. Look, we understand that there's a Almost like a competition among these great mountains, which is the greatest, which is the tallest, which lends itself to the competition among climbers who can climb. You know these peaks and you've just explained that this extra footage really comes from below, really where that climb starts. So just this is really make any difference. When I speak to mountain is what they say is well, it doesn't make any difference to us. But then clearly, you know when countries are using these figures than definitely it becomes a huge issue and also quickly just to remind you when the two countries China and Nepal announced the height this morning, they didn't use the word Everest even once Nepal stuck to it its own name Sagar Mata and I know the Chinese kept on talking about trouble. Oma all these years, you know, Everest, the name itself and the height that was given out. You know it was it was initiative during the British colonial era and so on and so forth. China strictly believes that you know it owns up that mountain to some extent with the park. Everybody feels they own it in some way, But you know nothing. Hearing this news. I've just decided I was going to climate. But now I'm not 13 more feet. That's a bit much by China's standards. BBC's environmental correspondent Levin Sing Khadka on the new height of Mount Everest. The world's tallest mountain is a little bit taller Now, Naveen Thank you, my president.
China and Nepal announce new agreed-on height for Mount Everest of 8,849 meters (29,032 feet), ending past discrepancy
"Is officially a bit taller. Today. China and the Paul share the mountain and switch me to Pataki reports. Officials from both countries have revised ever wrists height. Gotta watch your press conference and the police and Chinese officials unveiled the new height of Mount Everest. 8848.86 M. That's about 29,032 ft. Nearly 3 FT, taller than when previously measured. Mountains gain height overtime because of shifting tectonic plates, but can become shorter when earthquakes occur. After a powerful quake in 2015 Nepal in China decided to re measure the peak in the past. The two neighbors have disagreed on the height of Mount Everest. But today's announcement ends a long debate. Both countries called the announcement a mark of their friendship. For NPR news. I'm search
China, Nepal announce new official height for Mount Everest
"World's tallest peak. Mount everest is officially a bit taller today. China and the paul share the mountain and sushmita paddock reports officials from both countries have revised everest's height at a wardrobe press conference and he believes and chinese officials unveiled the new height of mount everest. Eight thousand eight hundred and forty eight point. Eight six meters. That's about twenty nine thousand thirty two feet. Nearly three feet taller than previously measured mountains gain height overtime because of shifting tectonic plates but can become shorter when after a powerful quake in two thousand fifteen and china decided to re measure the peak in the past. Two neighbors have disagreed on the height of mount everest but today's announcement ends a long debate. Both countries called the announcement a mark of their friendship
How Tall Is Mount Everest REALLY?
"Okay lauren fire. Today we are talking about mount everest. Which is the highest mountain on earth when you measure from sea level and today we're focusing on how that measurement is made weird we start. How about some old timey newsreel resort evidenced bothering his survey of eighteen hundred and forty one estimated his height pinton nine thousand feet back in the nineteenth century. When george everest brit was the surveyor general of india the used trigonometry to measure the height of the mountain like what we learned in middle school points angles and triangles totally. Yeah and incidentally the mountain got its english name from sir george everest but it was actually an indian mathematician. Radin seek dr. Who did most of the work and actually figured out that. This mountain is the highest point on earth. That sounds right for colonialism. Totally yeah okay. So how accurate was this trigonometry. Approach will i put that question to be nagaraj on. He's a geoscientist. One of george everest's successors at the survey of india office which still exists about is now staffed by indians. In fact i was sitting in the same chair. Our team location. Where you're sitting. Because i didn't want to change the room. So he says the trigonometry that his predecessors use throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was surprisingly accurate. I mean the standard height. Everyone now uses for everest that twenty nine thousand twenty nine feet. It dates back to nineteen fifty five. Wow that's pretty impressive. Okay so how did they actually calculate that measurement for mountain like. Walk me through it. It was not easy. They measured it from eight different points throughout langdon distance and everything and computer and took the mean. It was a very difficult matter very heavy machines. Heavy machines called theod delights instruments used to measure angles between visit points on the horizon and vertical planes like a cross between a telescope and compass. You might have seen municipal surveyors using them sort of on a tripod. Oh ya know. I've seen those folks reflective vests and their little tripods them. Yes yeah okay. So but for measuring mountains. They are these big heavy versions. I don't know how many hundreds of kilograms they carried forward to make this measurement it has slowed colored most of the time we didn't know work so the foot that was put on. Who's very difficult nowadays. Nothing much what the chinese are doing. Our a nepalese are doing their hypic instrumentation with the chinese and the nepalese are doing now involves satellites so instead of measuring everest from afar on the horizon with these theod delight contraptions these send a team up to the top of the mountain with a hand held. Gps receiver hey. That sounds like a little easier to me. Maybe but maybe not. Here is d nash mandar. He's gps expert from nepal. Who teaches now at the university of tokyo. It's a very harsh environment. There that very windy and you have all these battery or power problems and like the people who climbed everest. They come steadier probably more than half an hour. I think that's limit for them because they already exhausted. So they've got thirty minutes to connect to multiple satellites because they are solar flares and interference. at altitude. You can't rely on just one reading and they have to measure the thickness of ice and snow underfoot because you wanna reading from the actual rocky mountain right and not the ice and so for that you need a ground penetrating radar so another piece of equipment to haul up the mountain. Yes oh fumbling. With all of that on top of everest. You've got wind. you've got your oxygen depleting. The clock is ticking and that is still the easy. Part monitor. Says because all of that data from the top of everest. It's only half the story. Yeah so you need to know from his point. And that's the biggest problem then need a reference somewhere but we don't have a seat difference in nepal because nepalis a landlocked country. It's land everywhere. The nearest sea level is in india. Sitting knew how high this mountain is you. I need to know how low sea levels and you need a reference point sea level which it turns out varies depending on where you are. Yeah i mean sea levels tricky right. It's not necessarily constant and climate change is really messing with sea level these days. Yeah and has monitor says there isn't even a cenex to so here's how they do it. They measure sea level in india at the bay of bengal at china's yellow sea at many other points hundreds of them to calculate the mean sea level. And then they figure out where sea level would be. if there were a ac- right next to everest o- okay and then you measure from there up to the peak. Oh no no. No you have to account for the shape of the earth bishop of the art okay. It's a live swyto very much. Swyto right the earth is elipsoid. Soil like a oval-shaped watermelon because of the earth rotation makes it kind of bulge slightly at the equator. Plus you have to account for how gravity effect sea level in different places around the world and mountains themselves affect gravity so the earth at sea level this invisible line along the earth's surface. It's actually like kind of lumpy. So you're telling me that we are standing on a lumpy elipsoid. That's exactly what i'm telling you. So sea level is actually not level at all and the next step. You got map. Those lumps essentially variations in the earth's gravitational force. And then you get the gop lead a. I'm sorry a joy d- yeah so the geo is the shape of the earth at sea level taking into account gravity and the planet's rotation. And now you follow that joy to appoint directly under everest. And that's what you use as a reference point for the mountains height okay so after all that sea levels gravity you finally get a reference point you take that you compare it to your. Gps measurement from the top of the mountain and you get everest height. Well not so fast. Because there's also these pesky plate tectonics oh my lord. This is harder than actually climbing everest. I'll say i'll say right now. Yeah yeah so. The mountains peak is variable to like and i'm not just talking ice and snow like the rock is actually moving. Sri daddy jaw is an engineer and expert on himalayan plate. Tectonics i have been field kinney. My philosophist been between behaviors and then ever asked is on the edge of two plates. The eurasian plate and the indian plate and j has measured how the indian plate is slipping underneath the eurasian plate and how that is pushing everest skyward measurements for last you. One point four million yearning threes in high. Like a few hundred years. We can only do bring Comes johnny has concluded that everest is gaining roughly a centimeter every ten years. So that's about a foot every three hundred years other scientists say that's far too conservative that the growth could be three times even four times that much but i mean however fast everest is rising. Things can happen very quickly to change that like earthquakes hung or at least they have in the past. So professor john day studied a nineteen thirty four quake that calculated took about sixty centimeters off the mountains height. So that's at least six hundred years of growth a raced in an instant and there's been another quake since in two thousand fifteen and we're not sure how that affected the height because there haven't been any definitive measurements since then so i'm guessing you're about to tell me it's time to remeasure mount everest. It is indeed so last year nepal sent up a team of scientists to do just that and this year with the climbing. Season cancelled for kelvin. China did the same and both countries have been analyzing their findings and their due to release the measurements pretty much any day. Now this is very exciting yes especially because most of the surveys of everest has been done by foreigners british colonial rulers. There was an american survey was an italian one and professor monitor. The gps expert from nepal says yes. He's motivated by science and the search for truth and all of this but you know also in part by the previous. Why don't we measure our own mountain and so nepal dead and we are waiting for those findings now. It may turn out to be taller shorter. Whatever the point though is that it's changing and that's what scientists say matters to them. Here's garage on the former survey of india guy again. I feel the joint will here. Shedding the knowledge will use the society beget understanding. What is there a big deal if you come and see okay. I'm announcing mall. Dividends did this much healthy that who cares you know because she missed the learning that teaching how people understand how do people perceive almost put in what model you used. Then be be happy if he's happy about what this tells us about. The earth overall the technology. They're fine tuning on. Everest has all these practical applications from agriculture to defense and scientists say if their research gets more eyeballs because it involves the tallest mountain in the world. Hey that's a great
Is Shangri-La A Real Place?
"James Hilton was simply dreaming of a place that humans have yearned for since they I learned to yearn a heaven of sorts a Paradise Utopia Xanadu the garden of Eden Shambala Hilton a popular writer in the first half of the twentieth century named his Happy Place Shangrila and he made at wondrous in spiritual talking it high into the mountains in northwest Tibet. It was setting of his nineteen thirty three adventure. Novel lost horizon which instantly became a worldwide bestseller. It was also made into a major Hollywood film. The legendary Frank CAPRA directed and Ronald Colman Jane Wyatt starred in Nineteen thirty seven from the moment lost horizon hit bookstore shelves Shangri la became synonymous with utopia back. Then it was an ideal a place to escape to during a time when the real world had just been through a global war in the Great Depression since then the simple idea of the place has sparked countless trips. Tibet journeys of faith and perseverance of hope and distant. Promise of supposed enlightenment and sometimes disappointment. It's kind of an amazing phenomenon considering that the place doesn't exist and it never has except for ten years or so when what's now called Camp David. The presidential retreat was founded under the name Shangrila by then President Franklin Roosevelt in nineteen forty two. Or at least that was the only time it's existed until recently but let's start at the beginning. Hilton reportedly did most of the research for his novel in the British Museum Library not far from his home in the northeastern part of London. He never actually visited Tibet. Instead he took inspiration for Shangri la from another utopian dream a place known for centuries as Shala we spoke with Ed Birnbaum who lectures on comparative religion mythology and wrote the way to Shambala in nineteen eighty. He said there was one. Sort of very very garbled version of the Shambala myth that Hilton Red and one of the Catholic explorers writings. But it wasn't an all clear. It was the sort of universal theme and at that time. Tibet was pretty much unexplored. So if you're going to look for hidden utopia that was an ideal place to do it. Shala is a Tibetan Buddhist legend about a Utopian Paradise far in the Northern Mountains of Asia. It said to be a spiritual place where people of all religions and backgrounds live together in harmony and also said to be the place from which when Warren Evil Engulf the rest of the world. A leader will emerge to defeat the forces of chaos and usher in a new age of peace and happiness. Shambala grows out of the Buddhist Teaching College Chakra or the wheel of time which states that the center of the universe. Mount Meru sometimes called Mount Subaru. Set to be well. North of Tibet. Birnbaum said people sort of looked at Tibet as this mysterious Utopian kind of place and the Tibetans themselves looked even farther north for that. Utopia Shambala if Hilton who died in nineteen fifty. Four was indeed modeling Shangri la after the Buddhist teachings of Shambala. It might paint him to learn what's happened to his imaginary wonderland because it's become real but not an particularly Buddhist way in two thousand one the Chinese government which is controlled. Tibet since late nineteen fifties changed the name of Zhongdian County to Shangri la for simple purpose to cash in on tourist dollars. Many areas and China had been vying for the right to change their names. Shangri la and took nearly a decade to decide on a winner. Zhongdian one out in. What the Guardian in two thousand six called one of the most day. She's rebranding exercises in history. Today the larger area Shangrila boasts say Shangrila resort a Hilton Garden Inn Shangrila and airport with daily flights to Beijing Shanghai and Lhasa. The capital of China's Tibet Autonomous Region in the heart of what Westerners now as Tibet visitors can tour the largest Betton Buddhist monastery in Yunan province. And when they're done they can cough down. Abreu at the Shangri la beer bar tagline beer made in heaven Tibet and the newly named Shangri la a draw for reasons other than tourist traps. Of course Tibet is known. After all is the roof of the world it shares the highest peak in the World Mount Everest with neighboring Nepal. Though that's a long way from Shangri La. The area's natural beauty is breathtaking. Which makes it a destination for outdoor levers. That's especially popular with Chinese tourists. It's harder for Westerners to secure visas to get there. But is this the Shangri La that James Hilton envisioned? Is What modern travelers expect. That it seems is probably up to the pilgrim. Birnbaum said there are different ways of going to Shambala to me what I found most interesting was the symbolism of it sort of reflects an inner journey