30 Burst results for "Moro"
Michele Moro Reviews Marvel's Midnight Suns
"Michelle you our guests. You get first pick of stories. What would you consider to be your story of the week. Well i think the These away the marvels midnight suns game play. We're talking about well could they. If if that's your choice. I think that's a great one to pick. I personally think that went like that. Looks like my speed of game for sure. And by the way that was a really long Amount of gameplay that they show too. Yeah yeah this week. We had kind of had their exclusive reveal of the of the game play of midnight sons last week. We were talking about the cg announcement trailer of midnight sons. And i got all excited about doing a marvel property and this kind of cool vampiric you know marvel marvel characters but done in this kind of cool. Yeah a different take on the marvel universe well and it's like it's a card game you know so it's gotta be how combat but it's it's like a full on rpg two where you can you know. Every hero in the game has different abilities. And whatever like you can be defensive or protective whatever. And they're going to be lots of costumes and whatever but one of the things they've really honed in on his. You have these little side stories that you can do with like the different avengers like you take a walk with tony stark. In like get to know him better. I just think it's kind of like appreciate the fact that this like. Rpg hard name has like this extra layer of actual like role playing involved. But
Brazil's Supreme Court Rules Judge Moro Was 'Biased' in Lula Trial
"Louise Ignacio Lula to silver of corruption four years ago was biased. Leonardo Russia has more By three votes to to Brazil's highest court concluded that judge says Yamato had violated Lula's rise in several occasions. Mr Moto had sentence Lula to more than nine years in jail for corruption in the state oil company Petrobras eyes Lola was leading most opinion polls was banned from the 2018 presidential election and spent almost two years in jail. His luck began to change when hackers intercepted compromising messages exchanged between judge model and the prosecutors in which they showed political bias and discuss the need to expedite the trial in order to put the former leader behind bars before the elections. You're listening to world news from the BBC.
A History of Hate
"Hey what's up. Welcome to in the thick. This is a podcast about politics rates and culture from poc perspective. I'm hosa and i'm and join us. Yes from chicago illinois. A week to be back in chicago is sung. Yung trae moro. She is the executive director of the national asian pacific. American women's forum sung yung. Welcome to the show. Thank you so much for having me and joining us from philly. Philadelphia pennsylvania christine. She's a journalist and project editor at resolve phillies equally informed initiative. Welcome christine hi. Thanks for having me and before we get to our conversation. Remember if you hear strange things in the background it's quarantine life everybody's recording from home sirens door slamming dog barking. Yes so it's been a week because you know we've been following the rise of hate crimes phobia throughout the pandemic right. We've been talking about this. We've been talking about hate. Crimes impacting the asian american community. We've been talking about the consequence of word choice right so last week. We saw the consequent write the most violent manifestation of this hate after a white man goes into three. I don't even want to call them massage. Spa i want to call them like self help spas because people go there for whatever reason to feel self help self love okay. Massage spas in the atlanta area. And this man shoots and kills eighth. Six of whom were asian women now. Federal and local law enforcement officials have yet to declare this a hate crime. So it's again like gas lighting one
"moro" Discussed on Unconfirmed: Insights and Analysis From the Top Minds in Crypto
"Let's start with the big news this week. Tesla by one point. Five billion dollars worth of bitcoin and also added bitcoin. S a form of payment. You started genesis as the first digital asset trading desk all the way back in twenty thirteen which was quite a different era in bitcoin and the industry back then looked quite different. And so i just want her given your experience in the trenches of this industry for so long what would you say is his significance of tesla. The biggest companies in the world putting some of its reserves in a bitcoin. So you're right We started the first otc desk. Bitcoin back in two thousand thirteen. Call eight years ago. Now and you know if you were to say. Hey you know tesla or any company like that would be putting bitcoin onto the corporate balance sheet back then. I don't think i would believe right. You think about trading firms you'd think about asset managers and hedge funds corporates at the of target audience certainly at the time And you know. But like and. I'm excited to talk about this. Because the tesla thing is is is a result right. It's it's a build up in an evolution of the asset class as well as the market infrastructure which led to tesla's investment than in on. Bitcoin got announced this week. Insult it's certainly come a tremendous you know you're and in progress within the ecosystem and and the exciting thing about it is yes. It's great elon. Musk and tesla a billion and a half big number. This is just the beginning right and love to chat about all of that today so your company actually has a new offering that relates directly to this news. But before we do that. Why don't we just give the audience and overview of what products and services has been offering over this time. So as as i mentioned we started our bitcoin trading desk and twenty thirteen really kind of catering towards high net worth individuals and whatever sort of adventurous institutional accounts wanted to buy bitcoin back in two thousand. Thirteen is when the price of bitcoin was around eighty dollars. And you know for for us. You know we said. Hey there's no block trading in. Bitcoin really happening and the only really exchanges that had volume amount gawks and bits there. That was pretty much the only two that were around that the time and we said okay. If bitcoin is to be an institutional asset class we were broker dealer so we had sort of the regulatory oversight from sec infant rah. Let's be the broker dealer in bitcoin. Let's be the trusted regulated counterparty and try to get as many of kind of the hedge funds and institutions and high net..
Tesla buys $1.5 billion in bitcoin, plans to accept it as payment
"Let's start with the big news this week. Tesla by one point. Five billion dollars worth of bitcoin and also added bitcoin. S a form of payment. You started genesis as the first digital asset trading desk all the way back in twenty thirteen which was quite a different era in bitcoin and the industry back then looked quite different. And so i just want her given your experience in the trenches of this industry for so long what would you say is his significance of tesla. The biggest companies in the world putting some of its reserves in a bitcoin. So you're right We started the first otc desk. Bitcoin back in two thousand thirteen. Call eight years ago. Now and you know if you were to say. Hey you know tesla or any company like that would be putting bitcoin onto the corporate balance sheet back then. I don't think i would believe right. You think about trading firms you'd think about asset managers and hedge funds corporates at the of target audience certainly at the time And you know. But like and. I'm excited to talk about this. Because the tesla thing is is is a result right. It's it's a build up in an evolution of the asset class as well as the market infrastructure which led to tesla's investment than in on. Bitcoin got announced this week. Insult it's certainly come a tremendous you know you're and in progress within the ecosystem and and the exciting thing about it is yes. It's great elon. Musk and tesla a billion and a half big number. This is just the beginning
Interview With Ahmer Inam And Mark Persaud At Pactera Edge
"We do have some great guests with us today. So we're really excited to have amer in phnom who's the chief. Ai officer and mark persaud. Who's the head of emerging experiences at pact-era edge. So welcome guys and thank you so much for joining us today but thank you got clean and wrong. Thank you for having in forward to this exciting conversation. We are to. We'd like to start by having you introduce yourself to our listeners. Tell them a little bit about your background. And your current role at pact-era edge Kathleen i'll go ahead and start amazon up. I'm the chief a offers. Subtle factor edge. We are global solution and services firms that balance intelligent digital platforms using human center design as a cool concept in philosophy the hallway bill systems maya background. I've been in the space of a medal for essentially my entire career Having played with fairly early machine learning. And you'll eulex model for almost twenty years at this point To most recently. A factor edge. My journey has taken me to companies like fargo sonic automotive. Vw see nike can be solution and at the now. I pass it off to mark to introduce himself awesome. I've I'm the head of emerging experiences at a bacteria edge So i have the job of being able to look across different technologies whether that's a our and our in vr virtual reality immersive Or things like voice and conversational. I and understanding how a i can play a better role in the technologies or with the technology whether it's within or atop a different digital ecosystems for clients though. I personally have a lot of fun with that role in general just because it gives me the ability to see how we can create value for users of creative ways with technology is where we might not see very consumer or user friendly and i might add like one of the reason why this is such a differentiation. Headed what you're talking about. Even sent to city in is market. Ni- expedience must. Genie are working together. Cohesively issue the cool part of the conversation that will be having at the at the upcoming event with community and is about building and designing intelligent digital platforms that are built with humans entity the human in the mind and building them to drive adoption so that we can take a lot of these concepts that are explored in a typical machine learning ai. In women in an enterprise and then take them to an enterprise capability and the part of their journey. At least an odd philosophy is that it has to lead with human simplicity. Really great insight. We actually had a podcast not too long ago with chad moro. Who is the cto chief. Data officer at fulton bank and he actually made a great point about the human center city of systems especially of systems that depend on data because he was saying you know at the end of the day the data represents people represents what people are doing it represents their money represents their finances and those finances represent their retirement college savings. They're they're living right and you and you can never it's people's names treat data abstractly day. Sometimes it's really very critical and You know one of the great things. Of course you can. You mentioned that you'll be sharing a lot of these insights at our upcoming machine learning life cycle events so for our listeners. You may have heard this on previous episodes but of course if this is your first time We run these online free conferences. That are focused on some of the hottest topics. Ai machine learning and our objective is to help audience and help people take that next step and move their projects and forward We ran a huge data for ai. Conference back. In september twenty twenty twentieth thousands of attendees. It was amazing. Hundreds of of presenters actually well. Over one hundred plus presenters was was gigantic and we heard as people wanted to get that same sense of insight into what's happening with machine learning so we have the machine learning life cycle of that which talks about the full life cycle of machine learning from building the mall to managing an ops and govern insecurity and that is the live part of the event is january twenty sixth through twenty eight th twenty twenty one if you elect to register go to m. l. life cycle conference dot com. We'll have that in our show as well and Yeah we have some fantastic presenters in five topics and three tracks and our guest here. Terra their edge. They're they're actually doing. A session. called accelerating accelerate concept to value human centric design driven a lot of words there. There's a lot of terms of people may be familiar with some of them. They may not be. So maybe if you can. Can you give our listeners. A quick of what the session is about. And maybe some of the main questions and pain points that you're going to be addressing. Yeah thank you. Ron and actually just to right and it may come across as a laundry list of technical jargon and it's it's an i wanna make sure we can talk about it. In some of the audiences are going to be ingenious and audit back on both mock. You come from. Jean backgrounding ingenious with talking about the art of of humanity which the human centric design. What are we going to talk about. Is this first. Thing is gonna lay out the burning platform. We have seen the statistics enough data from gartner to idc that talks about the failures off a adoption. the data continues to show about eighty to ninety percent of machine learning data signs. Big data these initiatives famed to drive value. Because they're not getting adopted and if they're not getting a doctorate in driving value
"moro" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"One wants to spend twenty years in jail. There's definitely a lot of evidence that something suspicious going on with America's stakes in the moral capture. But there's very little proof that the CIA was directly involved with his kidnapping. On a scale of one to ten, where one is totally unbelievable in ten is confirmed fact I give conspiracy theory number one, a five while it's possible that operation gladio and the CIA killed Aldo Moro. It's just as likely that the Red Brigades at Aloma on I was convinced as soon as I learned that the CIA created a secret army in Italy. Operation Gaudio's existence is beyond doubt it was declassified in nineteen ninety. Combined with a CIS actions across the Globe and the two attempted coups within Italy. On giving this theory and eight out of ten, the CIA might have contributed to Aldo morals death. But as we've already noted, the United States was far from the only government that wanted him gone. Morals greatest enemy might have been his own party. Coming up, we'll explore our second and final theory the Christian Democrats betrayed Moro and now back to the story. In,.
"moro" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"Made it beyond the planning stage then on December seventh nineteen, seventy former naval officer union the Larry Auberge led another failed rebellion. This revolt was named Operation Tora Tora and it mirrored the Piano Solo Plan Burg as a even recruited from gladio soldiers along with neo-fascist terrorist groups. Once again, this coup proved to be short lived and unknown official ordered or Gezi to call off the attack. The story of Gladiolas cooperation with fascist extremists doesn't end there on May thirty, first nineteen, seventy, two in the village of Pattaya no the police received an anonymous tip about a stolen car. When four officers investigated the vehicle, they inadvertently triggered a bomb one policeman was in and the other three died two days. Later, the station received another anonymous phone call. According to the police the Red Brigades claimed responsibility for the Attack Ballistics Expert Marco Marine subsequently published a report further implicating the Red Brigades. He said the bomb matched those used by communist extremists. His findings spurred huge crackdown against communists with up to two hundred arrests. But that wasn't the whole story. Some leftist proposed that the Italian government was in league with terrorists meaning they planted the bomb. Then they frame the Red Brigades to justify the wave of arrests. Afterward, this isn't baseless speculation over a decade after the pay tejano massacre ballistics expert Marco Marine was exposed as a fraud. He'd secretly worked for the fascist terrorist group or DNA. Nuovo what's more the pay? Tian. Massacres Ballistics didn't match the profile of the Red Brigades in reality the explosive used C. four and according to conspiracy theorists it came from an operation gladio stockpile. Around the same time Vincent Vinciguerra, a neo-fascist terrorist confessed to the bombing he said the government had ordered the attack in a nineteen, ninety, two BBC documentary. Then she guerra explained that guerrillas executed countless false flag operations on the government's. Foreign politicians used the uptick in terrorist activity as an excuse to declare a state of emergency. then. They could seize power and enable a stricter more authoritarian government fascist in all but its name these tactics are strikingly similar to those the CIA used in their international initiatives. Many anti CIA conspiracy theories draw from a document called US Army field manual thirty, dash thirty one be otherwise known as the West moreland manual. The manual outlined a plan to use stay behind forces to orchestrate terrorist attacks and coups in countries that failed to fight communism from within. which seems to be exactly what happened in Italy according to the West Moorland manual the CIA had a long track record of successfully executing these exact tactics. They supported a neo fascist regime in Greece in the late nineteen forties Brazil in the early sixties and Chile a few years. Later, the list goes on the CIA was practically invented for this purpose but since the manuals discovery in nineteen seventy six, the United States has insisted that the document is a forgery, a piece of Soviet propaganda. Even if the Westmoreland manual is a hoax, much of its information has been confirmed elsewhere for all intents and purposes thirty dash thirty one be might as well be real. The document doesn't say if the CIA was involved in Italy, but it seemed possible the ongoing terror attack certainly helped destabilize the communists during Aldo Moro's terms as prime minister. Italy. Practically devolved into a war zone. Morrow, tried to make peace and unite his country under a bipartisan cabinet but his efforts arguably led to further radicalization leftist saw the Communist Party as traders who cooperated with the Christian Democrats. Meanwhile, members of morals. Party turned against him as he gave power to the Communists Moro faced opposition from abroad as well at some point in nineteen seventy, five he and his wife Eleonora win on a diplomatic trip to Washington DC. Eleonora later claimed that during this visit, her husband's life was threatened by a quote high ranking United States political figure Moro's close friend and party Associate Minister Giovanni Gallini identified the US official as Secretary of State Henry Kissinger that same year Moro and three members of his cabinet met with Kissinger and US president. Gerald. Ford. F transcription of the conversation classified by Kissinger himself. showed them grilling Moro Ford threatened to kick Italy out. Of NATO if he continued to compromise with Communists, then Kissinger spoke up he said having the Communists in the government of Italy would be completely incompatible with continued membership. In the alliance, we are willing to cooperate to strengthen the democratic forces in particularly to help your party, but you have to make the real fight. And Moro did continue to fight but not against communists in the face of American threats, he continued advocating for Cross party cooperation even after his second and final term moreover proposed that the new prime minister should include communists in his cabinet as well. This was what the press name, the historic compromise and on March Sixteenth Nineteen seventy-eight Aldo Moro was headed to the Italian parliament to cast his vote in favor of his own plan. We know morals driver took him to parliament that morning but they never made it at around nine o'clock and armed group of militants sprayed morals car with bullets killing his bodyguards. But miraculously moral survived. The terrorists grabbed the former prime minister loaded him into a van and drove off a few days. Later, the Red Brigades took credit for the kidnapping. But that doesn't quite line up with the state of the Red Brigades in nineteen seventy eight. By then they were a shadow of their former selves. Most of their original leaders had been arrested and internal friction further weaken the group. According to a declassified CIA primer on the Red Brigades, they were composed of dropouts, students of little academic achievement, lower ranking union officials, and some drug addicts. The document called the Brigade irs hard but stupid and yet without any military training, they apparently pulled off the most complicated sophisticated and significant kidnapping in the history of Italy. One of the original founders of the red. Brigades Alberto Franceschini suggested they had outside help in a nineteen ninety, nine article in l'espresso. Franceschini claimed that the CIA had infiltrated his organization he argued that Moretti. Abducted Moro under C. I A. Orders but Franceschini is logic didn't always hold up. He said that the Red Brigades couldn't pull off the capture on their own. But the fact was they'd engineer dozens of kidnappings before moral. Moretti has even joked about this theory he quipped that he'd be a pretty poor CIA operative considering he was later caught and spent twenty years in prison whether or not. The CIA was involved US President Jimmy Carter wasted no time in sending aid after Moro's kidnapping. It came in the form of a psychiatric expert and hostage negotiator Steve Pie Chick. But according to chicks own book we killed Aldo Moro. He wasn't there to help the prime, minister. Under orders from the Carter Administration Pie, chicks, mission was to ensure that Moro died in captivity..
"moro" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"That from happening the US stepped up its intervention. The CIA helped Italy form their own military intelligence organization called. See Far some Italian politicians believed that the organization received orders directly from the American agency they were right to be worried in nineteen fifty one see far director general Umberto Broccoli created a secret committee to coordinate with the CIA they developed a so-called stay behind network, a top secret military force that could spring up after a Soviet invasion. If us us our troops occupied. Italy the see far soldiers would stay behind rather than fight the enemy head on. They were modelled on world war two's resistant cells that popped up in France and Germany. The CIA created stay behind forces in numerous countries. The Italian network was formerly named Operation Gladio and its soldiers were called gladiators. Their motto was Lenovo Libertad Tottenham Silvo, or by being silent I protect liberty indeed everyone involved in operation gladio kept it a complete secret It was highly classified for decades, which is particularly impressive. Given the scope of the program according to a letter from General Broccoli dated October Eighth Nineteen, Fifty, one approximately fifteen hundred Talionis? Received advanced covert operations training in the United Kingdom. They were focused on a Soviet invasion never came. But. They failed to quell the rise of communism within Italy in nineteen, fifty, three and Italian war hero and founding member of the Christian Democratic Party named Paulo Taviani became prime minister. He barely beat the communists. Their support had jumped five percent since the last election in response, Tani, and see far enhanced Italy's stay behind operation. They constructed a secret headquarters on Sardinia and island off the Italian coast. This base became known as the Saboteurs Training Center. Even. With gladio in place, the nineteen sixty three elections concerned the CIA. Combined the Italian. Leftist parties earned thirty, nine percent of the vote. Alarmingly, the Christian Democrats fell to thirty eight percent. If their opposition ever united behind party, the Christian Democrats would lose an election for the first time since the war but the vote was split the less radical Italian Socialist Party nabbed a significant portion of the communist vote. Nevertheless Italians multi party system ensured that Communists held more seats in parliament than ever before controversially, Prime Minister Aldo Moro embraced the newly empowered left. He appointed Communist representatives to his cabinet and passed progressive social reforms. His administration raised the minimum wage strengthened social security benefits, and fought the housing crisis that gripped it always largest cities but morals informal alliance with the Italian Communist Party was controversial and polarizing. To the United States and Claudio, he was a threat to democracy. So the CIA allegedly did what it does. Best. It organized coup. Coming, up far-right conspirators respond to.
"moro" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"On May Seventh Nineteen forty-five Nazi Germany's surrender to allied forces. The war in Europe ended largely due to the cooperation between the. United. States and the Soviet Union but once the fighting ceased Russia's red. Army swept across Eastern Europe to extend their empire. The US vowed to fight communism has its spread across the globe worming its way through Italy in the wake of World War Two Italians flocked to Communist ideology. Their country was industrializing and citizens gradually exchanged their agricultural lifestyles for thankless factory jobs the PI or Italian Communist Party with its workers rights advocacy gained steady popularity, the United States perceived. As an ally of the Soviet Union and therefore a threat to democracy. In one of its first cold war operations. The CIA final at least five million. US dollars to the PCI's biggest opponent the Christian Democratic Party the CIA was also heavily involved in Italy's nineteen, forty eight elections. anti-soviet posters littered Italian alleyways. Italian Americans wrote to their distant relatives Frank Sinatra appeared on an hour. Long Radio Show pleading for an anti-communist outcome although the Christian Democrats won the election showed that one in three Italians identified as communists given those numbers, US, President Harry S Truman's administration feared that Italy would soon become a Soviet puppet. To Stop.
"moro" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"Target of this attack. The following day April eighteenth was one of the most confusing chapters of the entire ordeal. A communication from the Red Brigades appeared in a Roman newspaper bearing the news that Aldo Moro was dead. The letter declared that Moro's corpse was at the bottom of Lake Duquet saga a small body of water about one hundred miles north of Rome. But after a day of exhaustive, searching Italian forces didn't find body. In fact, they couldn't find evidence that anyone had been in the area in weeks that same day a housewife called emergency services to report a serious leak in the apartment above hers. Water was dripping in through her ceiling and it seemed as though it might collapse firefighters burst into the upstairs apartment. To their surprise, they found uniforms and gones matching those used during Moro's kidnapping. Completely by accident officials had discovered a Red Brigades hideout as for the League it came from shower that had been left on. This was the first real break in the case in it seemed to be a matter of dumb luck for such a meticulously organized group leaving their secret apartment with shower running was staggeringly careless throughout the day a man and a woman were spotted heading towards the apartment on motorcycles. When they saw the police, they turned around investigators suspected them of being the apartments tenants, but the couple never got close enough for officials to arrest or.
"moro" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"In the summer of Nineteen Forty World War Two seemed to be nearing its end on the European front. The Nazis had taken France and now they set their sights on England. That June fascist Italian dictator. Benito Mussolini declared that his country would join Germany in their attempt to conquer their continent much of the Italian public and Mussolini's advisers opposed his decision to aid the Germans. In fact, many historians believe that low morale contributed to Italy's defeat during World War? Two over a series of failed campaigns, Italy lost over three thousand soldiers in the midst of these defeats Mussolini. Promoted Fascism, a political ideology that prioritizes violent. mm-hmm over individual rights. Fascist view, their nation and authoritarian leaders with extremely high regard. Bordering on worship although Mussalini wasn't religious. He recognized the benefit of having the church on his side in an effort to woo the pope the dictator had his wife and son baptized. He invited Catholic priests to deliver mass fascist rallies and he donated money to the Vatican. Gradually Pope Pious the eleventh became a reluctant ally. Many Italians took the church's stance as a betrayal. The turned to communism. The ideal that political power should be in the hands of the people and directly opposed both fascism and organized religion out of this communist revival grew the Partito Community Sto Italian. No. Also, known as the PC I or the Italian Communist Party. They led the charge against Mussalini freeing political prisoners and destroying Fascist iconography and statues. Shortly after the allies invaded Italy Mussolini's government voted him out of power. Unwilling to admit defeat, he showed up to parliament the next day he was quickly arrested and two years later on April twenty eighth nineteen forty-five Italian Communists killed. Mussalini..
"moro" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"His way to parliament marlow turned onto a narrow street. Suddenly the car in front of his made an abrupt stop another pulled up behind him blocking the politician and his bodyguards in a group of heavily armed terrorists emerged from both vehicles to more groups leaped out from the bushes and either side of the street. The gunmen fired killing four of Moro's bodyguards and fatally wounding another the terrorists pulled the blood soaked politician from his car fifty five days. Later, Italian police would recover his corpse to this day morals whereabouts following his kidnapping remained a mystery. As are the identities of the terrorists and exactly who they were working for. Perhaps, they were radicals who opposed morals legislation or maybe just maybe morals killers were members of his own party. Who Welcome to conspiracy theories a podcast original. Every Monday and Wednesday. We dig into the complicated stories behind the world's most controversial offense and search for the truth I'm Corduroy and I'm Molly Brandenburg, and neither of us are conspiracy theorists but we are open minded skeptical and curious don't get US wrong. Sometimes,.
EU, UK in urgent meeting on lawbreaking British Brexit plan
"A hastily arranged meeting will take place in London today between Britain and the European Union about new legislation the British government has introduced which ignores parts of the Brexit agreement signed in January. European Commission's vice president, Moro's chef, Jovic will be meeting the Cabinet Office Minister Michael He is our Europe editor. Before leaving Brussels, Mr. Seferovic echoed off the European leaders when he insisted the withdrawal agreement was not up for renegotiation. He said he hoped Michael Gove would assure him that the letter, the spirit and the timetable of the agreement would be respected. If not, there's talk of Brussels, possibly taking legal action. The outcome of today's meeting is also significant for the future of trade talks between the two sides. The U says it's still wants a deal but that the UK respecting the federal agreement is fundamental.
The Importance of Self Compassion
"If there's anything we can use right now and in the coming months itself compassion. Today I'm joined by Dr Kristin Nafta about the many ways of compassion. He can be a helpful to us to get through these difficult times. Kristen is currently an associate professor of educational psychology. At the University of Texas at Austin. She's a pioneer in the field of self compassion research conducting the first empirical studies on self compassion over fifteen years ago. In addition to writing numerous academic articles and book chapters on the topic. She is the author of this book self compassion the proven power of being kind to yourself released by. William Moro. In conjunction with her colleague Dr Chris. Germer she has developed an empirically supported training program called mindful self compassion, which is taught by thousands of teachers worldwide. Dr Nefyn I chatted about what self compassion is how is different from self esteem, how it can be helpful in mediating difficult emotions and her favorite activity for practicing self compassion. If anything resonates with you while enjoying our conversation, please share with us on social media using the Hashtag t BG in session. Here's our conversation. Thank you so much for joining us today. Chris and I'm really really excited to chat with you. Self compassion was are yellow collective book club choice for last month. So it feels very timely for you to be joining us for this conversation. That's great. Wonderful. Happy to be here. Yeah. So I wonder if you could start just by talking with us about what self compassion is in what it isn't right. So the easiest way to think of what self compassion is simply being a good frontier self I saw in. Terms of how you relate yourself. Especially when you're struggling, you're struggling because you feel inadequate made a mistake or just when life is really difficult that you treat yourself with the same type of kindness warm care support concern that you would nationally showed two good friend, right? Most of us don't do that most of us go if we talk to our friends where we talk ourselves who would have no friends I in. So really self compassion is just turning that around and doing a u-turn in being kind ordered to ourselves. Now. Some people get confused about this they think. To ourselves me being self indulgent being lazy being selfish that actually that's not passionate right so so if you want the technical definition of compassion is concerned with alleviation of suffering. and. So in your self indulgent or you're lazy or you know you're helping yourself in your naturally getting your suffering, you're actually causing yourself more problems in the long run. Also, the word compassion comes from the Latin Pasha means to suffer an income means with. So. There's an inherent connectedness in self. Compassion is a sense set while everyone's imperfect everyone struggling. You know it's not just me, and this is what makes up compassion different than somebody Mike self-pity. Self Passion US remember that this is part of the shared human experience. You know it's not just me. To say that especially in today's times whenever I say that some people think this is like a coded version of all lives matter. Right. It doesn't acknowledge that some groups suffer more than others. Absolutely do the amount of suffering is different. The source of suffering is different. All people in all groups do not suffer the same way, and so we need to acknowledge that as the human experience. And yet every single individuals especially when it comes to relating to their own suffering, their own suffering is if you're paying. If you treat your own paying with kind of a kind caring response. You will be able to turn your attention outward more effectively. So it really sounds like you know sometimes we hear this conversation around like Grief Olympics are paying Olympics right where we're trying to say like, Oh, my heart is bigger than your heard, right? Yeah. Exactly. It's not like that York saying that my pain is bigger or smaller you recognize people's pain different is very important. I think especially nowadays you we have to recognize. Those. Who structural reasons pain of all people is not the same. And yet was self compassion. We can treat our own pain as worthy of a compassionate us. We're just saying that, hey, I haven't paying I haven't perfect and I'm not the only one very simple outweigh. The reason that so important is because if you get into self, pity was made for me like victim mentality fx not helpfully
"moro" Discussed on Parcast Presents
"The roots of Aldo Moro's kidnapping and the social and political chaos of nineteen seventies. Italy lie decades before the actual event they can be found in the successful resistance against Mussolini's fascist regime and the creation of the Italian republic in the wake of World War Two Mussolini's fascist regime had risen out of the turmoil and violence that plagued the Italian peninsula in the early twentieth century. He promised vision of order to counter the chaos and instability but as soon as Mussalini took power it became clear that the fascist way of controlling the country meant persecution imprisonment or death for anyone. Who disagreed with him? It didn't take long for a new anti fascist resistance to take hold and when World War Two broke out the Italian resistance undermine Mussalini from within ultimately helping to liberate their country but the groups that formed the resistance were extremely diverse. They included anarchists. Catholics Marxists and capitalists while they'd been able to put aside their differences when faced with Mussalini their ideological disagreements reappeared in nineteen forty five in the ashes of World War. Two's devastation. They argued about how Italy should be governed by the time. A new constitution was signed in nineteen forty seven deep political divisions had already been formed while these ideologies competed. Italy's nascent. Parliamentary Republic was struggling to rebuild the war-torn country so when the US offered a financial aid package the new government gladly accepted but this decision only increased Italy's political turmoil. The Cold War was beginning to shape global politics instead of siding with the Communists Soviet Union Italy aligned with the capitalist United States. This did not sit well with the Communists and Socialists. Who had fought in the resistance and the remaining fascists weren't happy with the new association either following Mussolini's defeat many of them had stayed in the police and military or joined extreme right-wing parties they hope to wedge their way back into the government even though the majority of the country didn't trust them torn between extremes. Italians were primed for a moderate party. The only option that seemed to walk the line was the center-left Christian Democratic Party. The Christian Democrats blended modern democratic ideals with liberal Catholic values like equality and morality. They weren't inherently capitalist but as Italy's majority party they became associated with capitalism in the minds of both the Italian left and right this shift to a capitalist economy transformed the country from a predominantly agrarian culture to an urban one old ways of life quickly died out causing yet another crisis people from the poor southern regions move to the more prosperous north exacerbating cultural tensions the Sicilian mafia and other criminal organizations expanded their spheres of influence and became more brazen and violent by the late sixties. Italy had once again descended into violent turmoil. Far Left groups were waging war against the status quo the far right one at a return to fascism both sides carried out assassinations robberies and bombings as they struggled for control. Street protests often turned into clashes with the police. The years from the late sixties through the mid nineteen eighties became known as the years of lead named after the countless bullets fired. Then in one thousand nine hundred. Seventy Renato Curcio Margherita goal and Alberto Francis Keaney Three Devout Ideological Marxist Leninist communist in their early twenties established a militant faction called the Red Brigades. Their goal was to conduct class warfare until they could bring about the long-awaited revolution and restore power to the people. The Red Brigades had no intention of waiting around for the Italian Communist Party to gain power in parliament. They viewed cooperation within the existing system as a betrayal of their ideals. Instead they plan to use violence to incite the people to rise up from the start. The Red Brigades firebombed factories kidnapped Fascist maimed. Anyone who spoke out against them and used other violent means to make themselves known they quickly became one of the most prominent examples of radical left wing terrorism in Europe which both further alienated them from the Communist Party and gain the members from among Italy's disenfranchised youth but even as the majority of Italians viewed them as terrorists. The Red Brigades were convinced they were fighting to save their country according to the. Us government report the sociology and Psychology of terrorism. Most terrorists see themselves as fighting for legitimate and noble social causes and don't view their actions as terrorism. This certainly seemed to be the case for the Red Brigades whose ideology told them that they had to fight against the existing class system. Anyone who got in their way or represented. The system was an enemy in this war. In June nineteen seventy four curcio Goal Franceschini approximately seventeen of their comrades kidnapped. Conservative judge Mario Associ- from his home in Genoa in exchange for his release they demanded freedom for eight of their imprisoned. Comrades the Red Brigades threatened to execute judge SOCI- unless the government cooperated the Italian authorities were trapped on principle. They did not negotiate with terrorists plus giving in would mean releasing known criminals back onto the streets but they also couldn't abandon a citizen much less unimportant representative of the law ultimately the decision makers chose not to abandon the judge and agreed to release the prisoners. The Red Brigades saw this as a massive coup. They'd succeeded in bending the government there will it gave them confidence to be even bolder in the future but as the Red Brigades celebrated their imminent victory. Something changed the judge charged with releasing the prisoners. Francesco Coco refused. He couldn't bring himself to let the terrorists win. The Red Brigade leaders were livid at the betrayal and the team holding judge captive argue over what to do one of the most fanatical these comrades a well educated former factory. Worker named Mario Moretti argued that they should execute judge SOCI- but in the end leaders Curcio and Franceschini had the final say. They decided that they could win the PR battle if they released judge SOCI- anyway by letting the judge go unharmed and holding up their end of the bargain. The Red Brigades would look magnanimous and reasonable. While the government would look cowardly and weak but by choosing not to release the prisoners judge. Cocoa had put a target himself two years later in nineteen seventy six. He and his bodyguards were murdered in the street. Outside his home by Mario Moretti and five of his men judge Coco's murder rattled the government that year a number of the Red Brigades leaders including both Curcio and Franceschini were arrested and charged for terrorist activities. While the Italian justice system considered these ringleaders to be criminals the Red Brigades saw them as prisoners of war and it was their job to free their comrades following Curcio and Franceschini arrests the remaining Red Brigade leaders split up. They moved to different regions to make themselves harder for the authorities to find. They built new cells and planned new actions certain that their revolution was close. Though in reality they never had more than several hundred active members. One of the most confident was Mario Moretti. The kidnapper who had advocated for Judge Socio murder in order to avoid arrest. Mario move to Rome in late. Nineteen seventy six there. He organized to sell of equally zealous. Comrades Mario's goal was to strike a death blow to the capitalist. Us controlled government and get the Red Brigade leaders released. He just had to figure out how and time was running out. The ruling Christian Democrats were making overtures to the Italian Communist Party hoping to form a coalition that would give both parties broad governing power. If the Communist Party was neutralized by the establishment moderates on. That would make it almost impossible for the Red Brigades revolution to succeed anytime soon. Mario knew that everything. The Red Brigades had done would go to waste if they didn't stop the coalition and he was ready to do whatever it took coming up. We'll find out how the Red Brigades found their unlikely target now back to the story. By the mid nineteen seventies Italy had been in turmoil or at war for most of the century. The Communist Red Brigade felt sure that they were on the verge of a major victory in their war against the capitalist state led by the moderate Christian Democrats having held a parliamentary majority more or less since nineteen forty-five the Christian Democrats had come to represent everything political extremist hated about the government. They had presided over the industrialization of ancient cities and allowed the US to dictate both domestic and foreign policy. Not to mention there had been countless political corruption scandals and yet the Christian Democratic Party kept getting elected this was largely due to the Italian majorities wariness toward political extremes. The Christian Democrats represented the middle of the road and no one symbolized this moderation more than Aldo Moro born in nineteen sixteen Aldo. Grew up in the southern region of Puglia under Mussolini's fascist regime. His mother was a devout Catholic and Aldo followed in her footsteps and natural scholar. He gravitated towards academia he studied law and ultimately became a professor Aldo was also interested in theology and Catholic philosophy especially as they related to the law and government he developed a liberal interpretation of Catholicism believing deeply in the equality of all people and the necessity of helping others as a result Aldo wasn't comfortable with how the Vatican collaborated with the fascist during World War Two during the war. He teamed up with a number of like minded fellow academics lawyers together. They worked on a series of economic legal and political proposals on how to better govern the country. After Italy was liberated I from Mussalini and then from the Nazis Aldo and his collaborators officially formed their own group. They called it the Christian Democracy party but just as the country was divided. So we're the Christian Democrats Aldo's left wing faction leans socialist in their views irritating the moderates who wanted the party to be more centrist but although earned everyone's respect with his thoughtfulness and circumspection this steadfastness paid off between the late nineteen forties and early sixties. Aldo became one of the most reliable and trusted members of the Party. He was a quiet man who always dark suits and seemed more comfortable as a professor than in the public spotlight if anything he was boring a dedicated public servant happily married with four children. In fact out does lack of interest in being the public figure was part of what made him a good political leader. According to the political philosophers aiming Gutman and Dennis Thompson political campaigning requires a more dogmatic uncompromising mindset. Where's effective governing requires a so-called compromising mindset or willingness to respectfully listen to people with different principles as someone uninterested in campaigning either in public or amongst his colleagues Aldo was naturally more disposed to a compromising mindset even as he was guided by his own core values this ultimately made him a valuable asset to both the Christian Democratic Party and to the Italian government as a whole Aldo began his political career as Italy's under-secretary for foreign affairs before serving as Minister of Justice and then minister of Education. He was elected party secretary to the Christian Democrats in Nineteen fifty-nine and in December nineteen sixty three at forty seven years old Aldo was elected prime minister of Italy. His predecessor had moved to the right and so many of our colleagues looked forward to his more progressive left wing agenda. After all these years behind the scenes he'd finally be able to make some sweeping reforms but Aldo saw how the country was struggling with the postwar changes across Europe radical political movements. Were taking hold. Italians needed stability not dramatic change and so to the frustration of many. He maintained the status quo. He pushed through what social reforms he could. But for most of his five years in office he made small compromises in deals to keep.
"moro" Discussed on Parcast Presents
"March sixteenth. Nineteen seventy eight sixty one year old former Italian Prime Minister Aldo. Moro stared in shock at his dead driver and bodyguards. They had been taking him to work when the car was ambushed by armed gunmen. Suddenly the CAR DOOR FLUNG OPEN ALDO. Was lifted out of his seat and dragged across the narrow street. He shouted let me go. What do you want from me? But his captors didn't reply they simply shoved Aldo into one of three waiting.
"moro" Discussed on Hostage
"Small. Fiat's race through the streets of Rome. One of them bore sixty one year old. Aldo Moro Italy's former prime minister and founding member of its majority party the Christian Democrats Aldo. Sat In shock today was supposed to be the day that Italy's government implemented a new coalition that Aldo himself had negotiated but instead of being present for the historic day. He was being taken hostage. By communist extremists the Red Brigades with no answers at his disposal Aldo. Did the only thing he could pray. He believed deeply in his Catholic faith which had carried him through countless political struggles and until he knew what his captors wanted. There was little elsie could do. Suddenly the cars turned into a private road up ahead. A gate was slowly opening an unmarked. White van waited inside. Aldo's captors dragged him out of the Fiat and shoved him into the van then they drove off once more. The police had been tipped off about three. Fiat's racing away from the site of the ambush but no one paid any attention to the white fan. Meanwhile squad cars race to the scene of the incident as soon as they saw the bullet riddled cars and Aldo's dead guards. They knew who'd been kidnapped. News traveled up the ranks and soon the government leaders had been informed at their friend and longtime colleague was missing by nine thirty a. m. approximately half an hour after the ambush television and radio broadcasts were interrupted with the breaking report. The country went into. Shock Aldo. Moro wasn't just the former prime minister and president of Italy's majority party he. He was also the man who masterminded historic compromise between the moderate Christian Democrats and the Communist Party a deal which was supposed to go into effect that very day. Everyone's scrambled to make sense of the situation who would have kidnapped Aldo Moro onto day of all days then around ten. Am phones started ringing at a number of newspapers around the country? It was the Red Brigades each caller conveyed the same message. The Red Brigades had captured the president of Christian Democracy Moro and eliminated his bodyguards. And they promised that a full communique would follow. Meanwhile law enforcement was waiting further instructions from higher up but Italy's bureaucracy was famously. Slow hours ticked by before the Ministry of the Interior finally handed down there. Instructions roadblocks went up around Rome and across the country ilise. Airports Seaports and land borders heightened their surveillance in Rome. Five thousand police officers went door to door searching nearly every apartment in the vicinity of the ambush. The police tapped into the phones of Aldo's friends and family members in case the kidnappers placed personal call and they pulled out files on various known and suspected members of the Red Brigades for a round up. It was the best they could do without. Knowing specifically who Aldo's captors were but they were already miles behind meanwhile Aldo captors had parked their van garage via multiple Cini a street in southwest of Rome. Then they hustled Aldo into an adjoining ground floor apartment and removed his blindfold Aldo looked around. He was surrounded by masked men and a small makeshift room with wooden walls. Ikat toilet and wash basin. Though he didn't know it. The room had been built specifically for him Aldo was naturally serious and STOIC. And he remained calm in the strange setting. He was relieved to be at least indoors rather than exposed to the elements but the bad and cleaning facilities also made him nervous. His captors clearly intended to keep him for a while. One of the men handed him a change of clothes and ordered him to hand over his suit for someone like Aldo. Who Wore his suits to family vacations at the beach? This was uncomfortable. He felt less like himself. At last the kidnappers trickled out of the room leaving him alone with just one masked man Mario Moretti throughout Aldo's captivity he would never learn Mario's name and he wouldn't have recognized it anyway. Mario was a leader of a small underground faction of the larger Red Brigades group. It was he who had orchestrated this whole plot himself. With as few comrades as possible they had spent months planning Aldo's kidnapping and in had been executed to perfection. Now it was time to get to work. Mario informed Aldo that he was in the People's prison term. The Red Brigades had invented for their political hostages he told Aldo that he would be put on trial. For the capitalist imperialist states crimes against the Italian people specifically the last thirty years of government under the Christian Democrat majority Aldo balked at this rationale sure. He was a prominent figure but he was hardly an imperialist ideologue in fact he was quite the opposite. He spent his career. Working to negotiate compromises between political parties for the sake of Italy's people incredulous Aldo said. Why have you kidnapped me of all people? I`Ma gentle person and I have always been a mediator between the right and the left. Mario scoffed to him was just another conniving politician. Who was playing dumb? He told his hostage to save his excuses for the trial the difference between Mario's view of Aldo and Aldo's actual history as a political mediator demonstrates a larger psychological gap between extremists and their targets according to terrorism researcher. Allison Jamison terrorist. Like Mario have often isolated themselves from the norm of society upholding a so called US versus them and Talapity. They no longer see those on the other side as humans with everyday emotions but as a series of functions operating within an inimical homogeneous mass. Which is the enemy. Mario was no exception in his mind. There was only the Red Brigades then everyone else to him. Aldo defied all the power of the Christian Democrat government and he was furious at Aldo for creating a coalition with Italy's Communist Party which he believed would diminish the chances of a communist state modeled after his beloved Red Brigades ideology. Someone had to pay and who better than Aldo? Meanwhile in Parliament The new coalition government was faced with a choice should they move forward without Aldo or wait until the hostage situation had been resolved? But no one had any idea. How long this might take. Besides the coalition was Aldo's brainchild by moving forward. They could honor him while also showing the Red Brigades that they could not be intimidated and so they chose to move forward. Normally a new government would take days or weeks to reach the compromises necessary for the confidence vote but today everyone was eager to demonstrate their support for Aldo and his historic compromise. The new government led by Prime Minister. Giulio Andreotti a fellow Christian Democrat immediately gained an overwhelming vote of confidence. All across Italy people express their support for Aldo Moro. Even those who didn't always agree with his politics in the coming days trade unions who are normally ambivalent about him would go on strike for his release. Even avowed communists felt. The Red Brigades had been too extreme. The overwhelming public sentiment could be summed up in it simple recurring slogan terrorism. No more. Oh yes two days later on. March eighteenth an editor. At one of Italy's biggest newspapers. Il Messagero got a call from a Red Brigades member. He gave the editor instructions to go to a certain square where they had hidden a Manila envelope to journalists raced over to retrieve the package which contained photographs of Aldo in front of a Red Brigades banner as well as a communique from the kidnappers the next morning Il Messagero published the Red Brigades photo and message Italians everywhere breathed a small sigh of Relief Aldo was alive and judging from the SARDONIC expression on his face. He was being treated as well as could be hoped..
"moro" Discussed on Hostage
"This episode features discussion of kidnapping and violence that some people may find offensive listener. Discretion is advised March sixteenth. Nineteen seventy eight sixty one year old former Prime Minister Aldo. Moro stared in shock at his dead driver and bodyguards. They had been taking him to work when the car was ambushed by armed gunmen. Suddenly the CAR DOOR FLUNG OPEN ALDO. Was lifted out of his seat and dragged across the narrow street. He shouted let me go. What do you want from me? But his captors didn't reply they simply shoved Aldo into one of three waiting.
"moro" Discussed on Hostage
"I he had to go to church. Much of the country had stepped away from Catholicism in the wake of the Church's collaboration with Mussolini Aldo's faith however had remained his guide as a public servant. They were halfway to the church and had just turned a corner. When Aldo's driver spotted a white car behead? It was turning around in the middle of an intersection al. Those drivers slowly pulled up to the stop. Sign the driver in front of him seemed confused about where they were going. Aldo. Didn't even look up as the car stopped. His driver waited for the woman to finish her turn but she didn't seem able to maneuver her car. Suddenly another car that appeared to be parked bumped into the escort car behind Aldo's Fiat. This pushed it forward into the Fiat which in turn jolted forward bumping into the white car and the intersection. Although looked up from his papers surprised at the jolt just then a man and woman jumped out of the white car at first. It seemed like they were checking the damage from the fender bender but then the pair reached into their car in pulled out machine guns they riddled the front of Aldo's car with bullets simultaneously. More men jumped out of nearby cars to fire on the escort car. Aldo's bodyguard turned in his seat and pushed his bosses head down a split second later. A bullet pierced the body guards heart killing him. Aldo barely knew what was happening as he huddled behind the driver's seat listening to his friends. Being murdered surely. This was all some mistake. Yes Italy was dangerous these days but he couldn't believe someone would come after him. He was trying to make things better. But within a minute. All five of Aldo's guards were dead. Only one of the men in the escort car had even had time to reach for his gun before he was killed when the machine gun stopped. One of the gunmen yanked Aldo's door open and pulled him out. He cried out in shock and asked what on earth they wanted from him. But the gunman didn't reply he just pushed Aldo into a waiting vehicle and climbed in after him then. They took off leaving behind the five dead guards. One of the most powerful men in Italy was now the mercy of the Red Brigades. Thanks again for tuning into hostage. Next week we'll find out what happened. When the Red Brigades started to release letters from Aldo in the press will also take a look at the difficulty of negotiations with ideological kidnappers. For whom chaos is as much of a goal as a tactic for more information on the kidnapping of Aldo Moro amongst the many sources we used we found Richard Drake's book the Aldo Moro murder case extremely helpful to our research..
"moro" Discussed on Hostage
"The roots of Aldo Moro's kidnapping and the social and political chaos of nineteen seventies. Italy lie decades before the actual event they can be found in the successful resistance against Mussolini's fascist regime and the creation of the Italian republic in the wake of World War Two Mussolini's fascist regime had risen out of the turmoil and violence that plagued the Italian peninsula in the early twentieth century. He promised vision of order to counter the chaos and instability but as soon as Mussalini took power it became clear that the fascist way of controlling the country meant persecution imprisonment or death for anyone. Who disagreed with him? It didn't take long for a new anti fascist resistance to take hold and when World War Two broke out the Italian resistance undermine Mussolini from within ultimately helping to liberate their country but the groups that formed the resistance were extremely diverse. They included anarchists. Catholics Marxists and capitalists while they'd been able to put aside their differences when faced with Mussalini their ideological disagreements reappeared in nineteen forty five in the ashes of World War. Two's devastation. They argued about how Italy should be governed by the time. A new constitution was signed in nineteen forty seven deep political divisions had already been formed while these ideologies competed. Italy's nascent. Parliamentary Republic was struggling to rebuild the war-torn country so when the US offered a financial aid package the new government gladly accepted but this decision only increased Italy's political turmoil. The Cold War was beginning to shape global politics. Instead of siding with the Communist Soviet Union Italy aligned with the capitalist United States. This did not sit well with the communists and socialists who had fought in the resistance and the remaining fascist weren't happy with the new association either following Mussolini's Defeat. Many of them had stayed in the police and military or joined extreme right-wing parties they hope to wedge their way back into the government even though the majority of the country didn't trust them torn between extremes. Italians were primed for a moderate party. The only option that seemed to walk the line was the center-left Christian Democratic Party the Christian Democrats blended modern democratic ideals with liberal Catholic values like equality morality. They weren't inherently capitalist but as Italy's majority party they became associated with capitalism in the minds of both the Italian left and right this shift to a capitalist economy transformed the country from a predominantly agrarian culture to an urban one old ways of life quickly died out causing yet another crisis. People from the poor southern regions moved to the more prosperous. North exacerbating cultural tensions the Sicilian mafia and other criminal organizations expanded their spheres of influence and became more brazen and violent by the late sixties. Italy had once again descended into violent turmoil. Far Left groups were waging war against the status quo the far right one at a return to fascism both sides carried out assassinations robberies and bombings as they struggled for control street protests often turned into clashes with the police the years from the late sixty s through the mid nineteen eighties became known as the years of lead named after the countless bullets fired. Then in one thousand nine hundred. Seventy Renato Curcio Margherita goal and Alberto Franceschini Three Devout Ideological Marxist Leninist communist in their early twenties established a militant faction called the Red Brigades. Their goal was to conduct class warfare until they could bring about the long-awaited revolution and restore power to the people. The Red Brigades had no intention of waiting around for the Italian Communist Party to gain power in parliament. They viewed cooperation within the existing system as a betrayal of their ideals. Instead they plan to use violence to incite the people to rise up from the start. The Red Brigades firebombed factories kidnapped Fascist maimed. Anyone who spoke out against them and used other violent means to make themselves known they quickly became one of the most prominent examples of radical left wing terrorism in Europe which both further alienated them from the Communist Party and gain the members from among Italy's disenfranchised youth but even as the majority of Italians viewed them as terrorists. The Red Brigades were convinced they were fighting to save their country according to the. Us government report the sociology and Psychology of terrorism most terrorist see themselves as fighting for legitimate and noble social causes in. Don't view their actions as terrorism. This certainly seemed to be the case for the Red Brigades whose ideology told them that they had to fight against the existing class system. Anyone who got in their way or represented. The system was an enemy in this war. In June nineteen seventy four curcio goal Franceschini and approximately seventeen of their comrades kidnapped. Conservative judge Mario SOCI- from his home in Genoa in exchange for his release they demanded freedom for eight of their imprisoned. Comrades the Red Brigades threatened to execute judge SOCI- unless the government cooperated the Italian authorities were trapped on principle. They did not negotiate with terrorists plus giving in would mean releasing known criminals back onto the streets but they also couldn't abandon a citizen much less unimportant representative of the law ultimately the decision makers chose not to abandon the judge and agreed to release the prisoners. The Red Brigades saw this as a massive coup. They'd succeeded in bending the government there will it gave them confidence to be even bolder in the future but as the Red Brigades celebrated their imminent victory. Something changed the judge charged with releasing the prisoners. Francesco Coco refused. He couldn't bring himself to let the terrorists win. The Red Brigade leaders were livid at the betrayal and the team holding judge SOCI- captive argue over what to do one of the most fanatical of these comrades a well educated former factory. Worker named Mario Moretti argued that they should execute judge SOCI- but in the end leaders Curcio and Franceschini had the final say. They decided that they could win the PR battle if they released judge SOCI- anyway by letting the judge go unharmed and holding up their end of the bargain. The Red Brigades would look magnanimous and reasonable. While the government would look cowardly and weak but by choosing not to release the prisoners judge. Cocoa had put a target on himself two years later in nineteen seventy six. He and his bodyguards were murdered in the street. Outside his home by Mario Moretti and five of his men judge Coco's murder rattled the government that year a of the Red Brigade leaders including both Curcio and Franceschini were arrested and charged for terrorist activities while the Italian justice system considered these ringleaders to be criminals. The Red Brigades saw them as prisoners of war and it was their job to free their comrades following Curcio and Franceschini Arrests. The remaining Red Brigade leaders split up. They moved to different regions to make themselves harder for the authorities to find. They built new cells and planned new actions certain that their revolution was close. Though in reality they never had more than several hundred active members. One of the most confident was Mario Moretti. The kidnapper who had advocated for Judge Societas murder. In order to avoid arrest Mario move to Rome in late. Nineteen seventy six there. He organized a cell of equally zealous. Comrades Mario's goal was to strike a death blow to the capitalist. Us controlled government and get the Red Brigade leaders released. He just had to figure out how and time was running out. The ruling Christian Democrats were making changes to the Italian Communist Party hoping to form a coalition that would give both parties broad governing power. If the Communist Party was neutralized by the establishment moderates on. That would make it almost impossible for the Red Brigades revolution to succeed anytime soon. Mario knew that everything the Red Brigades had done go to waste if they didn't stop the coalition. He was ready to do. Whatever it took coming up we'll find out how the Red Brigades found their unlikely target Parkas listeners. We realized that there are a lot of par- cash shows to choose from each day and sometimes not enough time to sort through them..
"moro" Discussed on Hostage
"This episode features discussion of kidnapping and violence that some people may find offensive listener. Discretion is advised. The Fiat jolted with Thud. Sixty one year old former Italian Prime Minister Aldo. Moro looked up sharply from his reading. It was just after nine. Am On march sixteenth. Nineteen seventy eight in Rome. Italy and the car carrying one of the most powerful men in the country had just been rear ended Aldo cursed under his breath. Today was the day that a project he spent years working on with finally coming to fruition. It was a project that could put an end to the bloodshed. Terror and chaos that had wracked Italy for too long. There was no way he was going to be late. I'll look back at the car behind them carrying the other half of his police escort. They looked as confused as he did. He turn back around to ask his driver what was going on. Suddenly his bodyguard pushed him to the floor. Shouting for him to get down a split second later machine gun fire riddled the car with bullet holes and Aldo was trapped inside. This is hostage a podcast original every week. We tell the stories behind the most captivating hostage situations and the people inside them. We'll also cover. The psychological tactics used in kidnapping situations. And what the human brain does win held captive. I'm Irma Blanco..
"moro" Discussed on AP News
"Former National Security Council aide to Morrison says that he was warned about interference from E. U. ambassador Gordon Sunderland but he says that there are honest disagreements about whether president trump did anything wrong National Security Council adviser lieutenant colonel Alexander Benjamin says there is no question for him hearing president trump on the phone demanding Ukraine's president investigate political rival is improper for the president to requested to demand an investigation into a political opponent opponent Republican congressman Devin newness as Democrats keep changing the goal post trying to do anything they can to impeach this president first the Democrats claimed they had evidence of quid pro quo than extortion and witness intimidation now Democrats are pinning their hopes on bribery more witnesses are on tap to Moro in California there's been a stabbing on a bart train in Hayward two men had been fighting a suspect was later captured a watchdog group is out with its list of unsafe toys for this holiday season our Shelley Adler reports a rapid fire nerf gun ice cream scented Nickelodeon slime and a plastic Power Rangers claw among their concerns and these play things for infants made the list a realistic toy machine gun a yeti teddy bear and a pull along caterpillar the toy association is fighting it back it says that this group watch doesn't even test the toys before it pans them and says manufacturers put them through about one hundred safety tests on Wall Street today the Dow dropped a hundred two points but the nasdaq gained twenty this is a P. news ready for tomorrow's Grammy nominations and got the really I wish gets an album of the year nomination for her album when we all fall asleep where do we go she be the youngest nominee ever in that category at seventeen she is considered a shoo in for best new artist nomination her main competition Liz so.
Hey Google, why are you tracking my every move?
"Talking tech is brought to you by wicks dot com. Create and publish a stunning website. All from one powerful platform. Go to wicks dot com to create your very own professional website today. That's w I x dot com in stay tuned, after the show to hear you can take advantage of special offer for talking tech listeners the other day. I went to visit a hotel in central California cold in at Morrow bay, two days later, I went to look up its phone number in, in the listing, Google Tomi you visited two days ago. Well, gosh, I knew that I was there. But why does Google no this in? Why is it talking to me about my past visits while I'm Jefferson Graham back with another addition of talking tech Koogle's half-baked reasoning for the tracking is so it can make better recommendations to me. If I visited the Moro bay a really nice resort on the water overlooking, the marina will theoretically not recommend that I stay at a quality in on the side of the highway instead, if it knew that I ate lunch. Had nasr. He's dockside restaurant. Also in Morrow bay, which specializes in fish, well, maybe wouldn't offer up steakhouses in searches that's the theory anyway, I asked the crowd how they felt about the tracking on Twitter. Got some pretty interesting replies. My friend rich to mural better known as rich on tech for his tech reports said he loves it, quote, I can go back in my time line, and remember, exactly when I visited a place last unquote to, which I would say, I know I bought gas at Chevron in San Luis Obispo yesterday, and that I paid a hefty four dollars and thirty cents a gallon. I don't need the reminder if I wanna remember there's this little thing I love called photography. That's why it takes so many photos, because it's between me and my camera Bill Bieb a web designer and fellow photographer agreed with me, quote, it does feel creepy to you think it's better that Google reminds the population subtly how much they know or just leave it off. Unquote. Yes, I think some things are better off left unsaid. You're gonna track me just stop reminded me about it. Okay. Will now I did try diving into my Google security controls to try and undo the tracking this can be done by going to your account and entering the security area. Interestingly, there was no option to turn it off only deposit which suggest to me that Google will just turn around, and click it back on Google warned me, not to pause saying, if I did, so it would quote limit or disabled personalized experiences across Google services. For example, you may not see recommendations based on places you visited or helpful tips, about your commute unquote all servive. Thank you very much. Google listeners, what are your thoughts about this? I'd love to hear from you. Look for me on Twitter where I'm at Jefferson Graham. You've been listening to talking tech. Please subscribe to the show, wherever you listen. Online audio and I will be back tomorrow with another quick it from the world of tech. Sometimes having a great idea is the easy, part getting people to hear about your idea. Not always so simple. But now there's wicks at wicks dot com. You can start and publish your website for free wicks artificial design intelligence, creates a stunning website for you in just a few minutes. You can choose from over five hundred stunning templates, or start from scratch just answer, a few questions about your business to get started wicks provides you with an all in one business solution to grow your online presence, plus all sites include Bilton SEO tools, so you can easily get found online, and in search engines, like Google, and Bing, build a website of your very own with wicks today. And if you go to wigs dot com and use our code talking, you'll get ten percent off any premium plan with wicks premium plans. You'll get more storage a free domain for a year and much more. That's wicks w I x dot com promo code talking for ten percent off your premium plan.
"moro" Discussed on WTMJ 620
"Rule Moro, I thought this for a long time, Eric I think people are confused about social media, and how it's supposed to work everybody thinks they know because right? We're all geniuses were all the smartest people on the planet. We all are all knowing all powerful. But. Let's be honest. None of us have ever reviewed the user guides code of conduct. We just check the box. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. By bly sign up. But for most people they've never even passed the civics class. Are even know what the word civility means. So that's our starting point. That's that's my baseline number one of the it's rule. Horo? I can't even magic someone arguing with this anonymous profiles band. Right now this moment, no more. There's no reason why some knucklehead from some city in Canada. Should they weigh in on my social media platform, and it's mine because I ruled the world. With complete anonymity and just attack attack attack attack. That is not fair not rights. So what do you think full names where they're at where they live what they do for a living. What I'll do you have to show while even you could even do this because I'm a gracious person. Interesting child is my mom said you could you could have the social media platform. No, their identity. I'd be good with that. But the idea that somebody goes on these things, and it just completely anonymous is why we're at where we're at. And we're just getting this then kicked off what if you're handle is angry about Walker. Trump's fool AFC for pres-. I'm not gonna take anything you say seriously on social media. I'm not going to. What's your real name start there? It's the rule. I get the politics and entertainment is great fodder for social media posts. But here's the part part part for some people other people will think differently than you do doesn't mean they're Hitler or the worst person on the planet. Doesn't mean they'd be should be shamed or shunned. It's live people disagree. Respectful disagreement is actually a virtue trying practice that's a positive. You see that? I if rule. Borough. This one I've been waiting for. This is the whole reason we're doing this today social media your fan of social media and the HBO series game of thrones you probably noticed this little phenomena lately people posting things like I never watched the show. I don't understand why it's so popular, blah, blah, blah, blah, blah, people.
Kid Phone Usage: Screen Time Changes Structure of Kids’ Brains, ‘60 Minutes’ Says
"If you have kids in wonder if all that time they spend on their smartphones endlessly scrolling snapping and texting is affecting their brains. You might wanna put down your own phone and pay attention. The federal government through the national institutes of health has launched the most ambitious study of adolescent, brain development, ever attempted in part. Scientists are trying to understand what no one currently does how all that screen time impacts the physical structure of your kids brains as well as their emotional development and mental health. Let me know when you're ready twenty one sites across the country. Scientists have begun interviewing nine and ten year olds and scanning their brains. They'll follow more than eleven thousand kids for a decade and spend three hundred million dollars doing it. It's quite an investment. Doctor guy Dowling of the national institutes of health gave us a glimpse of what they've learned. So far, the focus only I started talking about doing this study was tobacco marijuana all drugs. The screen time component really came into play. Because we were wondering what is the impact? I mean, clearly kids spend so much time on screens the first wave of data from brain scans of forty five hundred participants is in and it has Donald Dowling of the NIH and other scientists intrigued here, you can see that there are differences in the patterns, the Moro is found significant differences in the brains of some kids who use smartphones, tablets and video games. More than seven hours a day. What we can say is that this is what the brains look like of kids who spent a lot of time on screens, and it's not just one pattern. That's hassen. It's very fascinating the color show differences in the nine and ten year olds brains. The red color represents premature thinning of the cortex. That's the wrinkly outermost layer of the brain that processes information from the five senses. What is a thinning of the cortex? Mean? That's typically thought to be a maturation process. What we would expect to see later is happening a little bit earlier should parents be concerned by that. We don't know if it's being caused by the screen time. We don't know yet. If it's a bad thing, it won't be until we follow them over time that we will see if there are outcomes that are associated with the the differences that we're seeing in this single snapshot, the interviews and data from the NIH study have already revealed something else kids who spend more than two hours a day. A on screens got lower scores on thinking and language tests. When the study is complete is a possible that a researcher will be able to say whether or not screen time is actually addictive we hope so we'll be able to see not only how much time are they spending how they perceive it impacting them. But also, what are some of the outcomes and that will get at the question of whether there's a dictionary not win. Will you have the answers that you're searching for some questions will be able to answer in a few years. But some of the really interesting questions about these long term outcomes, we're going to have to wait a while because they need to happen that delay leaves researchers who studied technology's impact on very small children anxious in many ways, the concern that investigators like I have is that we're sort of in the midst of a natural kind of uncontrolled experiment on the next generation of children. Doctor Dimitri Christoph is at Seattle Children's hospital was the lead author of the American Academy of pedia. Deatrich most recent guidelines for screen time. They now recommend parents avoid digital media use except video chatting in children younger than eighteen to twenty four months. So what we do know about babies playing with ipads, is that they don't transfer what they learn from the ipad to the real world, which is to say that if you give a child an app where they play with virtual Legos, virtual blocks and stack them and then put real blocks in front of them. They start all over if they try to do it in real life. It's as if they've never done it before it, also, it's not transferable. Don't transfer the knowledge from two dimensions to three don't you? Kristina kiss is one of the few scientists who've already done experiments on the influence screens have on children under the age of two. It's a critical period for human brain development. If you're concerned about your teenager being addicted to their iphone your infant is much more vulnerable and using the exact. Same device your infant is more vulnerable. Because why because the experience of making something happen is so much more gratifying to them. In a small pilot study the doctor cosstalk has conducted on fifteen children. Researchers gave toddlers three toys first of plastic ATar than an ipad that played musical notes. And finally an ipad with an app that rewarded the kids with lights colors and sound. So it a very specific time of the research. Assistant will ask the child to give what they're playing with back to give it to the resources to research assistant. Sixty six percent of the time with their traditional toy the child will do just that with the ipad that simulates that they give it back almost with the same frequency. But with the ipad app that when they push on it, it does all kinds of things they're much less likely to give it back with a more interactive. I've had app the percentage of kids willing to hand it back to the researcher dropped from sixty percent to forty five percent. It's that much more engaging. It's that much more engaging. And that's what we find in the laboratory. It's engaging by design Tristan Harris told us in a story we reported more than a year ago. There's a whole playbook of techniques that get used to get using the product for as long as possible. Harris is a former Google manager. Who is one of the first Silicon Valley insiders to publicly acknowledge that phones and apps are being designed to capture and keep kids attention. This is about the war for attention, and where that's taking society, and we're that's taking technology which wanting for adults four kids. This is a whole other thing. That's where this gets particularly sensitive is developmentally. Do we want this war for attention to be affecting our children? Do you think parents understand the complexities of what their kids are dealing with? No. And I think this is really important because there's a narrative that all I guess they're just doing this like we used to gossip on the phone. But what this MRs is that your telephone in the nineteen seventies didn't have a thousand engineers and the other side of the telephone who are redesigning it to work with other telephones. And then updating the way your telephone work every day to be more and more persuasive until recently, it was impossible to see what happens inside a young. Brain when a person is focused on a mobile device. But now scientists at the university of California San Diego have hacked that problem. How often do you have people come in? Marois? So as often as we possibly can Dr Karen bag is an investigator on that three hundred million dollar NIH study her team is scanning teenagers brains as they follow Instagram. The most popular social media app when we met eighteen year old Roxy ship. She was about to participate in Dr baggage study how much time do you actually spend on screens a check my phone, Freddie regularly. I'd say what's pretty regularly every at least ten to twenty minutes is a conservative estimate. She can't take her phone into the MRI because of the powerful magnets in the machine. So a mirror has been placed above her face to allow her to look across the room at a movie screen displaying images from her Instagram account this way, Dr Baghdad can see exactly which parts of the brain's reward system are most active while using social media. So you could actually see a part of the brain light up when you're feeling good. Yes. From the scanner in the Skinner based on her data and the results from other studies. Dr baggage is among scientists who believe screen time stimulates the release of the brain chemical dopamine, which has a pivotal role in cravings and desire. So you're more likely to act impulsively. And use social media compulsively. Instead of like checking yourself you wanna keep on it to keep getting the good feelings. Teenagers. Now spend on average four and a half hours a day on their phones all that time has resulted in a fundamental shift in how a generation of American kids acts and thinks when smartphones went from being something only a few people had something the majority of people had it had this really big affect on how teens related to each other. Gene twinkie is a psychology professor at San Diego State university. She spent five years combing through four large national surveys of eleven million young people since the nineteen sixties she discovered sudden changes in the behavior and mental health of teens born in one thousand nine hundred five and later generation that she calls I gen- now the first generation to spend their entire adolescence with smartphones. So a lot of them can't remember a time before smartphones existed. There have been generational shifts before in the past. I haven't they're certainly this one's much more sudden and pronounced. Than most of the others. The food was introduced in two thousand and seven smartphones. Gained widespread usage among young people by two thousand and twelve gene. Twenty says she was startled to find that in the four years that followed the percentage of teens who reported drinking. We're having sex fell. But the percentage who said they were lonely or depressed spite it's possible. Other factors may have played a role. But twenty says she wasn't able to identify any that correlated as closely as the growing popularity of the smartphone and social media. It's not just the loneliness and depression from these surveys. It's also that ER visits for self harm like cutting have tripled online girls aged ten to fourteen what our teams doing on their phones that that could be connected to depression. It could be anything. There's there's kind of two different schools of thought on this said, it's the specific things that teams are doing on their phones. That's the problem or it could be just the sheer amount of time. Mm that they're spending on their phones. That's the problem. Finding definitive answers about social media's influence on mental health can be a frustrating. Exercise. Eighty one percent of teens in a new national survey by the Pew Research Center said they feel more connected to their friends and associated social media use with feeling included. But in a month long experiment at the university of Pennsylvania college
Brazil's anti-corruption judge considers joining Bolsonaro
"Brazil Bolsonaro one says country's best known anti corruption. Judge to be Justice minister to serve on the supreme court. Sergio Moro has played a key part in the anti corruption probe known as operating car wash. Bolsonaro also underlined his campaign pledge to loosen gun laws and his first TV interview since his election victory on
Reality TV Personality Lyric McHenry Found Dead In New York
"Next story is really sad, but reality star lyric McHenry was found dead at the age of twenty six of should we -ality show their McHenry was found dead after an east coast birthday celebration, New York City. Please confirm a twenty six year old female was found above the major Deegan expressway, early Tuesday morning. The liked him was transported to Bronx Lebanon hospital where she was pronounced dead police say there were no obvious signs of trauma in several Instagram, Instagram stories, posted late Monday evening lyric documented her night out in the Big Apple. She tagged herself at the Frederick hotel, the SoHo Grand Hotel and the dream downtown. In addition, the reality star posted video of herself snapping southeast in the bathroom and mingling with friends who was sure, happy birthday. So she is from EJ Johnson's reality show each. She was on the series. And then she was also a producer and he was one of the many friends to wish her happy birthday earlier in the month like they're really good friends. So like this is really sad and Moro said, was she pregnant? Lending is pregnant. Yeah, that's what the initial. I don't know. Funny He months. months pregnant Margot. We always wanted. But I didn't report that. But in the initial story that I read with, I had saw on Twitter that she was pregnant too, but how did she die? She was just found dead apparently wearing like pajama top and underwear like in this like, no, that's so sad. I way I look on the major Deegan that's like such a random place
Five charged with abusing children on New Mexico compound face detention hearing
"The most bizarre stories of the. Week where these eleven children that were found at a compound in New Mexico they were malnourished the FBI had. To raid the compound and then we find out that they found the remains of. A dead boy and there was also reports from prosecution documents that the man at the center of the whole thing. Was training some. Of the children with assault rifles in the hopes of attempting future school shootings it was so weird. In the story kept having all these twists and turns, talk about a story with layers Oscar there's an update, it turns out that those. Remains found turned out to be. The missing Georgia toddler with the disabilities the boy's grandfather has said that in speaking, to relatives many of whom were people who lived at this compound. They confirmed it to him so we spoke to. Ryan Morrow he's a national security analyst. Who was really at the forefront of breaking this story and he describes to us. In detail what the compound was like they said it wasn't built by amateurs the story Takes so many bizarre turns bullets check in. On this interview that I did with Ryan Morrow With the adoption of a disabled child a three year old boy in Georgia by. Father and then they find him at. This compound in New Mexico near the border with Colorado this remote area Terrorist training camp An extremist group. They're acquiring weapons they're. Shooting ring evenly one hundred fifty foot underground tunnel with He didn't escape spot They're all going on but that's Thing they need probable cause to go in even though hardly. Compound is on private, property, owner that property, were like yeah come on. In you'll need a, search warrant Finally black Friday the New Mexico learn of method that they are starving and. They need food and, water, and we're not, working on the FBI anymore And, they went in and did a remarkably earth operation that thank. God somehow. Did not result in a shootout and they arrested five ago rescued eleven kids and. They believe they have found the corpse, of, the disabled, the boy now we're learning more about the broader ramifications, of this is that they were, training the kids carry out shooting some believable The, boy was missing struggled with, seizures he had a birth defect from lack of oxygen and blood flow the father took him on a walk to. A park or something and then he never returned you had mentioned that there was. A tip that came out from the compound that the kids were hungry provided that tip somebody from within the group there, someone from within the group somehow I get a text message or something when two people in Georgia saying that they need food dot cooperating still so we know it wasn't like they were held against their will to young devices, so I guess it was they thought that their communication for. Secure at. That point and New Mexico authorities learned about it and that's when they undertook extremely. Dangerous operation on any what is it Today the father rejected modern medicine at how. You know he's exceptionally radical because even al-qaeda take medicine and he, said there to be essentially. An extra hour an Islamic prayer to accidental responsible for the disability adhere to that theory that's why the kid passed away unfortunately this content and these people, were on the radar of, FBI for quite some time as you said there was a land dispute they didn't need a search word because people. That own the land said go ahead and search it was a case where these. People that had built a compound built some of it partially on these other people's Len exactly in every single person law, enforcement out colder through their mouths drop even when they. Raided the camp He's like a. Laptop and gone to the cameras I am a question out there that we. Have is whether the boy's death was really inevitable if that the I got in earlier because they knew. The beginning of the year. That they were there this boy might have been it was not. Hard for me to get a, good idea allow they. Got the weapon finding Quainton go financial identity fraud if I can put that together as a civilian working for, clarion project in. That part of what we do help the authorities I can only imagine what rehearse were available for the. Fed talk just a little bit about the compound it's. Been described as a training camp with shooting range neighbors had heard a. Lot of gunfire consistently over the course of months the way it was. Set up didn't seem like the work of amateurs they had, like a tire perimeter and a bunch of stuff right birth people are making it sound like it was just a crazy. Guy that adopted his son found some other crazy, he on their hiding out and all my courses. Including in, the Martin community that know the family we're saying there's no way that the case Whoa quite to think of garbage but when you look at it more closely trailer that happened very that's done, for tactical purposes. Classic over that nobody could feel on the inside they put shattered glass on the ground and would with. Nail that makes it hard for people to come up. To the compound compounds that they would hear the noise and then to. Come alerted so they could start opening fire priors forming the perimeter and. Horrible condition but they were shooting up until recently in the, neighbors were saying yeah this is bad it doesn't complain work understand this is a situation neighbors are the people on earth. To try to get them victim you know there's, Katrina on your property with me for war you. Try to, get them a victory in court How far away are. Other properties what does it look like the landscape Nowhere that higher altitude on polled had no way to? Surprise I knew they were? Coming or I move on the part of police the neighbor the outer part of a. Compound they would even meet the That they stole the missing boy. There, in January and February they're coping up at there is interaction and, they had good is on the site obviously not. We're going inside and not one of those, idea underground tunnel, but enough to know? That all this is, there the neighbors are understandably giving quotes out there. Whether they're like how did this happen. I'm asking that I I
Brazil's ex-President 'Lula' defies court, hunkers down
"Fluential russian businessmen known as oligarchs to a sanctions list trump administration officials say this is the latest response to russia's attempts to subvert western democracies npr's michelle kellerman has the latest the trump administration says it's taking aim at a group of russian to have close ties to vladimir putin's government and play a key role in advancing the kremlin's destabilizing activities that includes russia's military incursions in ukraine its support for the syrian government and its quote militias cyber activities one of the well no names on the blacklist is elliott derek pasta and aluminum magnet and influential figure and energy arlit guard victor vex oberg is also being added to the sanctions list as is career shamala whose fortunes rose after he married putin's daughter officials say this brings the total of russian individuals and entities targeted by the trump administration to one hundred eighty nine michelle kellerman npr news washington burdensome office is rejecting a visa application for the niece of a russian former spy was poisoning nerve agent attack last month in england the government says victoria scruples application was denied on grounds it did not comply with the immigration rules it did not elaborate british ambassador to the us kim derek tells npr's here now the uk's one hundred percent certain the nerve agent used the poisons scruple and his daughter julia came from russia and he defended the uk's decision to expel russian diplomats as the us and other allies have also done russia is behaving outside all the accepted standards all international behavior whether in what is doing in ukraine whether in his takeover of crimea whether it's what was doing in syria orders done in seoul spree england again russia denies any involvement in the nerve agent attack in suggest britain may have actually been behind it to feel anti russian sentiment protests are underway in brazil after a judge ordered former president lula da silva turn himself into the police today and start a prison sentence npr's philip reeve says the silva's supporters are congregating at his headquarters in some paolo time is running out for the former president a judge has given lula as he's known until five o'clock local time to surrender himself to the police and start a twelve year sentence for graft and money laundering convictions that judge is sergio moto who's anticorruption campaign has made him a celebrity in brazil and beyond moro sits in a court in the.