35 Burst results for "Mongol"
John Zmirak Reflects on the Significance of the British Monarchy
"To John S mirak. Oh my goodness. John, this weekend. King Charles the third was officially crowned all very ritualistic. I spoke at length to Naomi wolf about it in our one. Do you have any observations on that event? Yeah, I'm really, really glad the British monarchy survives. Even though it doesn't wield any power, even though I'm a half Irish. And I'm almost genetic, you know, my genes scream at the British monarchy, the way yours do at the Ottoman Empire, Eric. Being Greek. But as an American, I need to recognize that our freedoms are ordered liberty, come from no place else, but England. That the peculiar history of the English monarchy, and its relationship to the English parliament and the English people. The back and forth battle for power between the king, the parliament and the people, has produced the freest society in the history of the world. And it's interesting that our independence was a rebellion against Great Britain. Great Britain was the freest society on earth at the time. We wanted more. But the point is we weren't rebelling against the Ottoman Empire or the Mongol conic cons. We were rebelling against a pretty darn good monarchy that for hundreds of years had been subjecting the king's powers to the power of parliament. Starting in the 1300s with the Magna Carta, the English monarchs had century John. I'm sorry. Thank you. 13th century. With the Magna Carta, the English monarchs had to ask the parliament for taxes. The power of the purse was in the hands of the nobility and then of the common people.
"mongol" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Urbanist
"Housing galleries, production spaces, and workshops too. In anticipation of the opening next year, the space has been hosting some exhibitions and installations and conferences throughout this week. And earlier in the month, before all the crowds started flooding through, Mongols man in Milan, Ed stocker, caught up with Andrea
"mongol" Discussed on The Bill Simmons Podcast
"Once I get vaccinated, now I'm going to be safer and also I won't be able to transmit the virus to somebody else. Well, that turned out not to be true. And it's like, oh, I could be vaccinated. I can still give this to somebody else. I can get the virus again. I thought that wasn't supposed to happen. So now there's mistrust with the information we were given in the spring and the last part of last winter because it's like, well, I was told this thing and now this didn't happen. So is this a fake news thing? Or is it oh wait, maybe these vaccines we had no idea because we were making them as fast as possible. So there's just mistrust and confusion all over the place and I see it with every conversation I have now. It's like, are my kids going to be able to go back to school? Are my kids going to be able to play sports again? What are we truly afraid of? What if I'm asymptomatic? Should I does that mean I have to quarantine for ten days? And it's just these moving goalposts. We saw it again this week. You don't have to quarantine for ten days. Now it's 5. We just dropped it from ten to 5 overnight. So how do you process this if you're a normal person who just wants to get back to your life? I think it's really important for the media and for other institutions like the CDC to build trust by being honest about when they got things wrong. So I'll go first. What I got wrong about the vaccines is that I thought that these vaccines were going to hold up much better against infection. And they didn't. The reason they didn't, I think has to do with the fact that Delta and I'm Akron emerged and those are variants that we didn't see a year ago. And so we couldn't measure the effect of the vaccines against them. And they did those variants were very successful at breaking through against vaccination against the two shots. Now, this is the way that I've come to think of the vaccines. I've come to think of them a little bit like a castle defense system. So casual defense system has a wall, and then it has nights inside of the wall. The wall is the metaphor for the neutralizing antibodies, which are the little things that glom onto the virus and keep it from connecting to the cells. And then the nights are the metaphor for your T cells. What the vaccines seem to do is yes, these things break through. These variants get over the wall, but what happens once they're inside the castle, the knights kick the shit out of them. The T cell immunity that is conferred by the vaccines, that's really, really well against these against against the virus. It doesn't even better than the whole cast of defense system does even better when you get boosted because when you get boosted, that's a little bit like rebuilding your castle wall so that the virus doesn't even get inside of the castle. So what am I saying big picture? What I'm saying is that I was wrong about the degree to which this vaccine would protect against infections, but I was right about the degree to which this vaccine would protect against severe cases. And I do think the media and other institutions should be a little bit clearer about this about what I just said that it's okay for science to be wrong in the short term, but you need to be clear with the public about what you've got wrong so that people trust you when you say things again because they trust you to be an honest broker about everything that you can see. So what I'm seeing from the data that I'm looking at is that I'm a crime is basically like a Mongol army that is smashing into whatever. I've been listening to a lot of Mongol army podcasts recently. So I won't go too deep, but it's metaphor here, but smashing into medieval hungry. And it's overcoming all of the walls, but the nights inside the castle are doing a really good job of cleaning it up. And that is scary, I think, because there are a lot of people in this country who are immuno compromised to our elderly for whom the vaccines might not work as well because their T cell immunity for a variety of reasons might not be as strong. There are a lot of people who are older and really vulnerable. But we should be clear that all the evidence that we're looking at from South Africa to the UK to Europe to Canada to across the U.S. seems to be telling us the same story when it comes to a crime. This thing is doing very well that variant is breaking into a lot of castles, but the T cell immunity the knights are doing a good job clearing it up inside the castle. And that's why we're not in March 2020. We're not in June 2020. We're not in December 2020. This is different. And we should probably start to think about changing our rules and changing our habits to reflect that different threat. Yeah, and we've been wrong on this pod when you've been on it. There was a moment in time, and I think it wasn't just this pod, but it was basically everywhere in March, where people were saying, get vaccinated. You will have a defense. You won't be able to transmit it to your loved ones. You have a responsibility to get it. And now I think people are rightly going, well, wait a second. I thought I wasn't supposed to be able to if I had asymptomatic. I thought I wasn't then supposed to give it to somebody else. I was supposed to say for the record. I'm vaccinated on boosted. I know you are, too. I think I am. Personally, and I know this has become a personal decision for a lot of people, but I think it would be kind of crazy not to get vaccinated and boosted just because I would rather not get back at this and be unvaccinated. But the part I don't get is if we especially if you're in a situation where a bunch of people, like you're in a school situation, right? You're in a high school where they're doing COVID tests and all of these different things and making sure whatever. If you're vaccinated and you're boosted and let's say you get a omicron I thought a lot of people are calling it. You get it. It's like, all right, so how long can you live with it? Is it transmittable? Should you have to shut down your life for a week? Should we move to this world now where are we just going to be in masks? Are there going to be more variants? Is this just going to be the new reality of how we live? And if that is the new reality of how we live, how do we make it more manageable so that we don't raise an entire generation of people who are in fear, which I think is what we're heading with an entire class of people between the ages of what 15 and 25 people are either entering high school, people are in college. People just got out of college, who this is just how they've lived now for 21 months. How do we make it a little easier on those people while also keeping all the people safe that we need to.
"mongol" Discussed on Was ist Narzissmus?
"Of you punked the midnight for an inner Nazis station pass through kites. Ravenclaw. Sentinels for all men are unlocked and thus mind mom gone sets and help us always this Uber helped me also for I won't sink in now so Nazi dish nor do CS license and be seen on those two clinging. The men can not cease and send a canyon out season out of manci ten and undo the air for all. I think of it all since it does out. On time keeps not in fact take the Nazis. The Uber opera only exists in our record dominant. This can also see dominion my since I'm gonna make leading the doors and this is feeling the empathy while escaped I can click on see. It's not this boring. So the iron and behalf and aside in 8 of the Arctic we still done better nice and rainy pearls on the Viennese dish. On the on on behalf, then it's very deep breath yes and so you already know the steam no beam and Nazi state are both done really does our highs and just merely familiar distancing. If perhaps it's on the mission for the item owned for its act. Ben Mongol eastman and Nazis does most. You believed also mammoths. It was failed by its own steeped man as a skeet only, but. No one out there all these technical defaults it is framed and keen to dump our skipped off a sheet name mention. Of like garlic sauce plus fine and 70 Cosmo to see on child biases in Harvard on the Mac and see how I keep them each in Venice and each keep this out and do on turkey design vehicle. On the Nazis then ask for it. So see I came in to keep this on the display by then ish. They're not ceased. On the mentioned wound on in her room seems personal mentioned him on out notes and can are back on me in this video cafe. We must manifest into some comfort. Yeah, this is not really fantastic. We saw an ebit. Of Monet's dining solution for the chef in her own partner shaft, Kate, this love bombing. Peaked on bloom and Troy said on man we had felt very into. Room the bottom of Nissan if I could say on my lathe and long after all is Andreas for niched up yet, this can be righteous mind leap and one weird world..
"mongol" Discussed on TNCnow
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"mongol" Discussed on Rise and Fall of the Qing Dynasty: Cup of Solid Gold
"Points. <Silence> <Speech_Male> <SpeakerChange> <Advertisement> <Silence> <Speech_Male> The yuan <Speech_Male> collapse <Speech_Male> was not <Speech_Male> pure happenstance <Silence> or coincidence. <Silence> <Speech_Male> The ming <Speech_Male> or <Speech_Male> han-chinese were <Speech_Male> quite determined <Speech_Male> to reclaim <Speech_Male> their country from <Speech_Male> the foreigners. <Silence> The mongols <Speech_Male> <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Male> that was a powerful <Silence> incentive <Silence> <Silence> also <Speech_Male> while <Speech_Male> there is plenty of evidence <Speech_Male> that talk hone <Speech_Male> timur seem <Speech_Male> negligent <Silence> toward his duties. <Speech_Male> You <Speech_Male> have to take everything <Silence> in context. <Speech_Male> Consider <Silence> the <SpeakerChange> following <Speech_Male> <Speech_Male> throughout the fourteenth <Speech_Male> century <Speech_Male> there were calamitous <Speech_Male> events everywhere <Silence> <Advertisement> in the known world <Silence> <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Male> there were <Speech_Male> during the fourteenth <Speech_Male> century no <Speech_Male> fewer than thirty <Speech_Male> six severe <Silence> winters. <Speech_Male> <Silence> That was unprecedented. <SpeakerChange> <Silence> <Speech_Male> <Speech_Male> Famines were <Speech_Male> recorded. In <Speech_Male> every year of <Speech_Male> toll cone temer <Silence> khan's rain <Silence> <Speech_Male> <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Male> during his reign <Speech_Male> epidemics <Speech_Male> and famines <Speech_Male> in china killed <Speech_Male> an estimated <SpeakerChange> thirty <Silence> five million people. <Speech_Male> <Silence> That's one out of three <Silence> <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Male> <Speech_Male> from the thirteen. <Speech_Male> Twenty s to the end <Speech_Male> of doggone timbers <Speech_Male> rain people in the <Speech_Male> countryside suffered <Speech_Male> frequent <Speech_Male> natural disasters <Speech_Male> including <Speech_Male> the famines <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Male> and severe winters. <Silence> That i mentioned <Silence> <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Male> it was <Speech_Male> so cold during <Speech_Male> that time. It has <Speech_Male> become known as the <Silence> little ice age <Speech_Male> <Silence> and it should be noted <Speech_Male> <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Male> that none of these <Speech_Male> events were ignored <Speech_Male> by the yuan emperors <Silence> <Speech_Male> <Silence> by all accounts <Speech_Male> the <Speech_Male> yuan rulers reacted <Speech_Male> swiftly <Silence> insufficiently <Silence> <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Male> that <Speech_Male> then raises. The question. <Speech_Male> Was something <Speech_Male> more going on <Speech_Male> that caused <Speech_Male> the yuan <SpeakerChange> <Silence> demise. <Silence> <Speech_Male> I am not going <Silence> to lay down the arguments <Speech_Male> as <Speech_Male> i've said in my other podcasts. <Speech_Male> I let the <Speech_Male> listeners. Come to their <Silence> own conclusions. <Speech_Male> <Speech_Male> Certainly <Speech_Male> the yuan dynasty <Speech_Male> was a unique situation <Silence> for china. <Silence> <Speech_Male> I've <Speech_Male> wondered why <Speech_Male> the mongol rulers <Speech_Male> from kubilay <Speech_Male> con onward <Silence> did not heed <Speech_Male> genghis <Speech_Male> khan's warnings <Speech_Male> about <Speech_Male> pursuing the finer <Speech_Male> things <Silence> and to avoid <Speech_Male> the sedentary <Silence> <SpeakerChange> life. <Silence> <Speech_Male> If <Speech_Male> gingas kahn <Silence> had conquered china <Speech_Male> <Silence> would he submit <Speech_Male> to chinese <Speech_Male> values and <Speech_Male> created chinese <Speech_Male> dynasty. Like <Speech_Male> his grandson. <Speech_Male> Kublai khan <Silence> had done <Speech_Male> or would <Speech_Male> gingas kahn. Commit <Speech_Male> massive genocide. <Speech_Male> Kill all <Speech_Male> native chinese in <Speech_Male> china and make the geography <Silence> of china <Speech_Male> mongolia. <Silence> <Speech_Male> <Advertisement> <SpeakerChange> There <Speech_Male> would have been no china <Silence> anymore. <Speech_Male> <Silence> Things <SpeakerChange> to ponder <Silence> <Silence> <Speech_Male> was the subjugation <Speech_Male> of china <Speech_Male> the poison pill <Silence> for the mongol <Speech_Male> empire. <Speech_Male> <Silence> <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Male> <Silence> I don't know. <Speech_Male> Many scholars <Speech_Male> have stated that the mongols <Speech_Male> were never fully <Speech_Male> synthesized by <Silence> china <Speech_Male> however <Speech_Male> certainly <Speech_Male> the mongol <Speech_Male> empire or great <Speech_Male> portion <Speech_Male> of itself <SpeakerChange> <Silence> with sinicized <Speech_Male> <Speech_Male> for as much as <Speech_Male> we can find discussion <Speech_Male> of how much the mongols <Speech_Male> <Speech_Male> may or may <Silence> not have changed. China <Speech_Male> often <Speech_Male> missing in these discussions <Speech_Male> is how <Speech_Male> much china change <Silence> the mongol empire <Speech_Male> and <Silence> the mongolians <Silence> <Speech_Male> the <Speech_Male> china effect <Speech_Male> on mongolians <Speech_Male> and the mongol empire. <Speech_Male> Maybe the <Speech_Male> real historical <Speech_Male> story <Speech_Male> coming from <Speech_Male> the occupation <Speech_Male> and <SpeakerChange> control <Speech_Male> of china <Silence> <Speech_Male> <Speech_Male> in the end. <Speech_Male> It does seem <Speech_Male> the mongols <Speech_Male> and their many <Speech_Male> positive contributions <Speech_Male> to china <Silence> were swallowed <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Male> into <Speech_Male> the chinese. Miasma <Silence> <SpeakerChange> <Speech_Male> stuff <Silence> to think about. <Speech_Male> <SpeakerChange> <Silence> Thank you <Speech_Male> <Speech_Male> it has been <Speech_Music_Male> my <SpeakerChange> pleasure. <Music>
"mongol" Discussed on Rise and Fall of the Qing Dynasty: Cup of Solid Gold
"The end analysis of the government was that it reflected both continuities and breaks with chinese past and historical precedent early on the mongols supported trade in the beginning via the silk road and a lot of those trade connections came from muslim and turkic traders. Upon the amalgamation of the mongol empire it brought with Addiction and control a large portion of the silk road. The mongols actively promoted the silk road and much of their trade came through the silk road. There had been for a long time. Robust trade in silk jade pepper. Ginger cinnamon nutmeg. Silver gunpowder carpets. Cotton pearls precious stones weapons linen. Fine cloth horses livestock and many other items the mongols woken trade and travelers from central and western asia and eurasia once the mongols became the rulers of china cu chi built infrastructure to further support trait. I already mentioned that. Kublai khan improved and extended the grand canal linking beijing biwater to the rest of the world. Maritime trade was no exception it grew slowly at first but technology and infrastructure progressed it the to chinese seaports at guan joe and fujio. The biggest linked the dynasty with the indian ocean arabian sea and the persian gulf. The yuan elevated the social status of once poorly thought of merchants they thrived under the mongol dynasty the mongols change the perception of them in view trade as essential and indispensable to the economy the basic unit of money in the dynasty. What's called the chow. And the mongols were the first to introduce paper currency i made from the bark of mulberry trees and i wouldn blocks were used as printing plates. Eventually this evolved to brands plates. In the beginning of the on dynasty the paper currency was backed by silver artisans and craftspeople were also elevated in status during the yuan dynasty mostly in the favorable way they were taxed another benefit to the good trading routes is that with goods and services came ideas from the west and the east. This makes sense. Considering the geographical reach of the mongol empire the cultural exchange was a good byproduct of.
"mongol" Discussed on Rise and Fall of the Qing Dynasty: Cup of Solid Gold
"Chose a person with a long solid mongolian family heritage and he was part of the aristocracy his name pie chew and ch who had great influence with chinese officials and was an effective counter to two motors influence. Predictably it led to a feud between these two counselors fortunately forgiven and his dynasty and empire tudor along with the empress. Dowager died both in the year. Thirteen twenty two and with those two passing. A major bomb had been diffused within a year after two motors death. Most of his supporters were attacked for misappropriating public funds and accepting bribes with those two out of the way gigging con could then focus on his agenda on his agenda. Here pleased to motor. Who was the grand councilor of the right with a fellow by the name of baiju and it turns out that baiju was also a wise selection. Regardless of any agenda ca gain. Cod may have had. It all came to a tragic end on september fourth thirteen twenty-three in can't at non poll which was located between beijing and the summer capital. He invite you were attacked and killed it was a classic could ta mastermind by the minister of military for affairs several other high ranking administration officials to motor son and five mongol princes indeed five of the sixteen conspirators were mongol princes. The assassinated emperor was only twenty one years of age after the assassination conspirators moved to take control of the dynasty and the empire they immediately an envoy to mongolia requesting a fellow by the name of yesen temer the prince of chin to become the next can the coup appears to have had to motives one gigging con head denied the conspiring prince's their annual entitlements. And the reason gagging or the excuse that gigging gave for denying them. Those entitlements was based on fiscal concerns. That was not however the way the denied princes sought because never before in the us dynasty in town. It's been withheld. The second reason for the coup was that gagging conned had taken stricter measures against these princes. And these princess sought that as putative gain kahn or his other name. Emperor young's zone. His short three year reign barely moves the richter scale and so really does not get much.
"mongol" Discussed on EV News Daily - Electric Car Podcast
"Today we're joined by an av adventurer who you may know from driving the mongol rally in a nissan leaf a few years ago. But it wasn't enough for this adventure. So now he's taking on the biggest adventure of a lifetime and something. Nobody's actually ever done before driving an electric vehicle from pole to pole driving from the south pole to the north pole. Over twelve thousand seven hundred miles. It's a drive. That will require a very special evi to handle extreme temperatures found at the poles but also the hot temperatures as he crosses the equator. I'm joined today of my friend. Nicholas ray i e v nick as we jointly interview. Chris about this epic adventure. Enjoy this evening. We're going to talk about your next question which you have kept so close to your chest. Eight for a while. you've not said anything. Then you've said. I've got something in the works. But i don't jinx. I'm just looking at talk about it and then eventually you're able to say. How long has this trip being in the in the planning stage and how you can announce it now Well i mean started with this. I mean the map you see behind me is is actually on my wall. This is currently agrees game but is actually my bedroom wall. Many inspiration adventures kind of come from just staring at that map And so pole to pole came by not long afteh. The manga rally and of looking at the next thing. I can do to follow on the educational message around electric vehicles. Despite amiss so ray in a nutshell is being in the planning Shy of four years. And it's it's nearly been announced prior to covid because quite happy to say it's we were we were gonna be nizing prior to the embassy. Cova came cayman. That put a a lotta damper on the works for everybody and obviously this expedition. Doing this kind of stuff is nowhere near important than people's safety and saving lives so No complaints in any way shape or form so But we kind of said right. Okay what do we do now. We can go back to the drawing board. Allowed us to look at other honest New things that we can do an expand on what we were going to be doing this Hold the educational message working with governments and ngos on. Yeah we got to the here thought right now. It's time where things are starting to come out of people's businesses assigned to look at look at sponsoring non. Kiss without a big part of how we're managing to do this So we thought right time right to kind of let people know what we're doing that might follows no One of two names..
"mongol" Discussed on Rise and Fall of the Qing Dynasty: Cup of Solid Gold
"Other mongol khans had a claim to his mongolian title or position but that would not work for the chinese dynasty. That was unique and unexpected outcome to the merger of the connett with the chinese monarchy. I wonder if anyone of them around that time realized that before the fact kubilay clearly designated his successor who we now know of course to be his grandson timur his dead son's second born son. The records do indicate that terror was given some indicia as the crown prince from kubilay but it was apparently never made official noted that timur was given the governorship care corum by his grandfather in the year. Twelve ninety three and he did accompany his grandfather on some military campaigns. Some have speculated that kubilius failure to designate timor was intentional. The two had worked together in. It is believed by some that. Kublai thought timmer was a drunkard tempers. Only rival for the throne was his older brother. Come allah he had as much right and maybe a better claim to the throne then did tenor in the end. However temer had the better case or better allies than his brother timmer was officially enthroned as the new khan and chains emperor in may of the year twelve ninety four but remember by that time because of the regional rivalries of the mongol empire it was already split into separate counties so it is a bit of an overstatement to claim. The tumor was a universal ruler. Timur with really only be the nominal khan of His power and influence outside of china was limited. Timmer was the six con of the mongolian empire in the second emperor of the chinese yuan dynasty. His chinese emperor name was chen zone. But i refer to him by his commonly used name of timur. He immediately issued an edict that his reign would be preserving the system left by his grandfather. In fact temer kept most of his grandfather's ministers.
"mongol" Discussed on Hustleshare
"Pitched oh currency now ed rebecca break were su with louis c. the chief growth officer of p mongol who then told us what is hustle was prior to pay mongol. And doing that. i want to understand. How did you meet this whiz kid. Who was like obese teaching these people. Because i've had branches here co founder. Before i still remember a good chunk of of that interview he joined several startups as well you know. He was an mit graduate. And you know. He was teaching people. How to code in th- nail. How did you meet this guy. And how did you form a team that eventually became mongo and walk us through how you joined wiessee in twenty nine thousand. Yeah no i actually met fans this way back. I think that might have been twenty fourteen. You did all seven through upstart started in in in college and he had just gotten back from From the state said rate at it. And i think was just like maybe his first year in manila. I'm so i. I met him allowing you also super in doing startups Redis kept in touch or for those like five years on the glendening. Being you know we'd been have been said maybe twice a year. He told me that he was getting into consulting out with a company. Called benny with heimat. Now where where are. Ceo where edwin are operating officer russia. What's an investor right. So he like just chatting about it announcing around idea. I ended up doing some help for them on the sales side for many delta the white At the time but among all happened just out of necessity ride. We were doing like this. Do without the thing but it is clear that no one was staying for for software Up you had like francis in a really great engineering team but any anything. We did like sort of like bitch. The company is always cheaper One or the cheapest one that would have been so we decided in just a few weeks left off like bureau left like said we need to do something we need to build something. That'd be good actually Because the saints breaking out and that's where we did a brainstorm and we ended up with the payments Wasn't anything grab like. you know. Sort of like admission. It'd be shared now. It does more of like a very specific beane point. Just said you know. We often found it hard the integrated with bateman services. You know like. I had started Websites before in apps and sorted advances in high demand re still thought. It was like an open abroad right. So yeah that's where it started and that us around march and wild so it was really. You know last two minutes for you because you don't have payroll and you had. This was a hail. Mary your shot. I do like whatever strategy parents but payments. And i totally agree because again my the the business that i got acquired in chat h people were actually being software but other than people also low balling back number. Do if they do choose you they fucking take forever to be. Nobody's fucking time. Imagine imagine if you have a very short runway you're front loading two to three to four months of costs before you even get that and cherish your margin so you have to have a long runway because nobody ps on dime exactly. Yeah that's what. I learned the harder correct. And here you are now changing the game because prior to pay mongo again just just putting the the whole perspective we have to go to at least singapore join stripe atlas in fricken delaware. Right to even get a chance to even paid charge recurring revenue. And that's the name of the game in a healthy startups. The holy grail m. are are monte recurring revenue. If you don't have a healthy dose of monthly recurring revenue it simply whether your traditional business or start up your startups again at night. So now here. You are ready out of runway. Doing a hail. Mary in wiessee. What did you do right. Because i think we found a formula of how to get in there. And because you're now helping other philipino startups getting in there as well. And i think the caliber peeps also gave a little bit when when they said that the you also did a brainstorm with them at one point. Walk us through how you guys did this. Oh yeah no No i think the right thing that we did in francis idea actually was still black or white Begin with right. We had nothing via. We wanted to do payments and we had no funding would be obliged to the even if you know the last one that got in moscow deliver than read and really see if possible the time to get into ice recently more and more have been getting any but that that it had been like a good six years for a got in red so but we try to anyways We submitted our application in march sort of forgot about it. Because this isn't going to happen like no one's even got it in and we got video. Vote them and that's when we were like okay. Maybe something's happening here like maybe this is something that's promising right so that initial interview and they invited us you to their offices in mountain view the money right so We had one month to prepare before we flew out the mountain view. That's very went all out. We were like this has been felt like we should but all our energy you relived everything from getting sign ups and like you mentioned like me. We met up with ball index syrian. And they were super helpful of giving us advice of how they get in the register a huge community like helping for that interview. Really prepared like crazy for that When me and nb rent to send out to mountain view outlet around me and winning ninety we got so. That's that i guess. The first thing that we did right in the company got it. So i'll just dive in a little bit on on wiessee process again. After caliber there was just a vast sea of nothing of note. Venos- even getting anywhere close to what we've that's why caliber was just a special startup back then again and still is still now. I hire everybody from caliber now but after that there was nothing but walk us through that process. What did it feel like when you saw that. They replied 'cause that would've been in surreal like ship. What is this is this a freight great one is no you even even pretty much phasing level when when the invited us to go through your bad you're going holy shit now in the interview process and i think this is where you really prepared the most what goes through this process because again i promise to you i think the reason why neck pay and aguilar is there because you gave your. Up that formula forward but what preparation did you do to nail that interview l. Incompetent that i get people buying twice which is also the advice. Given dose. I think by by ball index are steamed. Damn traction right. I'll go through the three things basic things. You need to provide a see to really get it on. I felt we had a strong theme but on the down which is the the market size and traction like those are things that we had the validate We didn't have anything not nothing at all right so we needed to find other rates to validly the solution rate so we. We made sort of a sign up. Beijing re promoted it. Stop the users. Even we didn't have a product yet the figure out. What might they need so that when we went through i see like at least they have like this senate. I think have over a thousand users on the witness when we got the rice. Yeah and.
China Detains Delivery Worker Who Tried To Improve Working Conditions
"Of 2020. As the year of the delivery worker. Delivery workers helped millions of Americans stay safer during the pandemic, and in China, they fed hundreds of millions of people who were in quarantine. One delivery worker in China tried to improve working conditions, and now he's in detention as NPR's Beijing correspondent Emily Fang reports China has three million delivery workers, and they are everywhere. Outside every apartment complex, an office building. You see them with their bright windproof jackets and scooters. She was young or Mongol, as he is popularly known, was one of them. He worked all sorts of jobs and Beijing food delivery, package delivery and wholesale logistics. But he also made short videos about life as a delivery worker. He put them on throwing the Chinese version of Tic Tac woman. Sure they will make what the teacher he says, is this video delivery workers are people, not robots, but delivery platforms treat us like hogs in the machine, so he tried to organize delivery workers, one of China's fastest growing groups of gig workers here. He is in the podcast interview last September, about how he was detained for a month for trying to set up a strike. Failure only about Italian here he says they could do everything to arrest you fix you with a criminal charge. Sentenced to two years in prison and you change nothing. So do other delivery workers still dare to complain? Well, I dare And then, as big annual political meetings kicked off in Beijing this February, he simply disappeared. Nobody saw you should heart. So NPR went looking for answers. That search took us to remote beat CIA Prefecture and China Southwest infamous for being one of the poorest places in the country. They're in a village tucked amid lush green mountains. We found Mum Drew's father, Jin won Pa. In a small concrete house amid fields of corn. The elder Chen visibly tears up when we asked him about his son.
"mongol" Discussed on Podcast Italiano
"Sandy oh evolved. The upper fundamentally sue large grooming to throttle trolley at but dell vatalo argenteuil say laurent meza. It mental literacy tuning bizarre the briefly sunni ancestry three not just deliver door of nov adopt. Larry arnn means a super reach a very. Do not skonto. Queen niche bertrand. Respect garrity mazer soc-. I think that they started that. Do not yet linking throughout the illinois bizarre bizarre depew dataquest percent in china podcast italiano sonar content to decide you strand of female maintain norway desert. You replace unicenter. Truscott cioni overwhelming the konica childhood. Debendra vati erica. The courtroom ezekiel or On the rescue riccione around me through tuna only dissolved the annoy Quantum passer total. Loyalty marriage threats. You on mr cake. was caffeine. Nuncio more tower when shutt- the metal paid non saluto montemar ta ans- yoji report. Can we meter cone owner. Who can be more either out or did you circle this okay. Cassatt decapa alastair develop erica to all these bad or to call. 'cause mom altered olympia for more than easter egg Engine rollin on gordo multiple continuity out your vis-a-vis suppose molly kuzina feel mono- saadia under a two year multiple year for say a cows Custody youtube work on even data totality depended the youtube those mesa the are will bid. Are they saw a in on ball. Unless area devoid tagliani volume. Flora and paul mongol seria italian similar chinese yemen. Seattle corden do it. Etling il primo de quality. Sarah alert sal train through the nostril episode yoji. What did she because he said it could be a more data secure miami kudrin yala for kuni devoid Shed on get parlor the cosette rotten institute a lotta said it. Brought the dow not tetralogy in the dark. Quattro manzi the Three the c. Three barak dodig cleaver sorta up sodhani modell nfl. Ron saudi dishonor. Still lebron mukamal. Quite a chain pensa casino. Study will be cut in me. D. h. this in the lead that public congress on daca seabury.
"mongol" Discussed on Rise and Fall of the Qing Dynasty: Cup of Solid Gold
"I said in the last episode. I wanted to talk more about the mongol warrior and their military tactics. I believe it is important to understand at least a little in this area as it helps define who these conquerors were the mongols required every male from the age of fifteen to seventy to serve in the military the mongol warrior. The typical mongol warrior was superb. Horseman considered among the world's best. Each horseman on the military campaign brought multiple mounts. Usually three or four. This allowed them to move quickly. Not having to stop to rest their horses. They were known to move as much as eighty miles a day. Their mobility being the best offense and defense. The mongol military force was primarily all calvary divided between heavy and light cavalry. the warriors outerwear usually comprise of armor made from scales of either iron or leather. They were iron rounded cone shaped helmets. Each warrior carried at least two boats bows of course being their most important weapon but they also cared a sword and a mace. The mongols were excellent. Archers the warriors generally did not rely on fires for cooking or warmth. There were generally self sufficient preferring to stay on the back of their horses. They did not need to cook their food as they relied heavily on dried meats and yogurt. The mongols also did not use supply trains on campaigns. They lived on the land and whatever they personally brought with them in battle. If a warrior was wounded his commanding officer would stay with the wounded warrior. This led to legendary camaraderie between the officer and his warriors..
The Mongols: From Nomads to Conquerors
"Far back into recorded history. The mongols were just one of the many nomadic tribes on the steps of this asian region. It is not very clear if the various mongolian tribes that inhabited that region were related. It's been alleged. They were their primary source. Ocupation was hurting. Domesticated animals horse were the most prized obviously used for heard control but also used for transport and as military mounts. It is also clear that horses outnumbered humans many times of the remaining domesticated animals. Sheep were most common. They were used for wool and meat then came goats again for wool and meat then cattle for their leather meat and transport finally camels were used for transport all the domestic animals were used for their milk for yogurt and for dung for fuel. The records don't agree but to merchant or timman was born into one of the mongol tribes living in this step region of eastern asia. Sometime around the year. Eleven sixty five. He spent the earlier years of his life getting in consolidating the various tribes in the steps all culminating in the year. Twelve o six celebrating his average uniting the region he proclaimed himself the universal ruler or genghis khan
"mongol" Discussed on Rise and Fall of the Qing Dynasty: Cup of Solid Gold
"Fearless mongol warriors. I know i am. And i wanted to learn more. I believe most people only have a limited knowledge of these people their culture their empire and that needs to change. How many know the mongols nearly conquered eastern europe. They made it as far as krakow poland and buda and pest hungary. Just a stone's throw from austria in italy. Could they have made it all the way to the atlantic ocean if they had how would that have changed world history as we know it today but they didn't as we know so. Those questions are purely academic. I will only talk about their adventures in europe in russia in the middle east and other places merely for context and general knowledge. My focus with this podcast. Season is the mongolian conquest of china. My guess even less people than have knowledge of the mongols exploits in europe are where that the mongolians subjugated china they ruled china for roughly a century as the yuan dynasty is a fascinating story and one that should be better known and i am happy to bring.
"mongol" Discussed on The Past Lives Podcast
"Of look like rudolph all of a sudden. But isn't that crazy. And of course you know i thought look i've been seen therapists this whole time just to let you know. Ever since this talking the dead business. I mean i literally spent time with therapists to help me understand this. I went to clergy to therapy. You know i ended up working with the law with The military psychic spies to basically train me to understand the the psychic aspects of all of this but in in order to keep myself sane. I've been working with therapists for years just to make sure that i'm not crazy. And i'm on the right track. You just mentioned the spies. There i was gonna ask you about the remote viewing. How did you get into that. You make of that stuff well. I know it's kind of like will when you start thinking about how you became interested in near death experiences. It's because we have our own experiences. We help with them right so it was when i was working for them prog and It gave me an envelope and the same thing that happened with that That picture that crime scene photo. I started seeing things and i thought well. I'm going to start working with law enforcement. I think i need to work with detectives and lo and behold there was. There was a flyer. And it and i have a detailed in in the book about if you want to become a psychic spy be trained with us military psychic spine. Lynn buchanan and lynn buchanan. Had been in the program. The the stargate program with joe meek mongol all those great guys that basically were with the With the government for so many years. And i went to see him and train him and all my god. It helped me understand the context of all of this. The consciousness does not live in this brain. It's all over the place that our brain just like that can go to. Mars can go to saturn reconsider consciousness to get information and bring it back..
"mongol" Discussed on Meditaciones sobre las excelencias de San José
"Recipe twelve delta title. The lower. You'll get outta the perfect young. San lorenzo houston yano by three arca. Though in asia implementers are on ios. Knowle's kucha as e commerce At the era they were carcass. Today's ma year bus butterbur a little dante's they'll miss memorial cast pedia who mealy on our as zone. They were container. Loads of stockholders colombian imbibing. Then tara our own retirement. Goes ken gwen through puzzle. Here's his co. Does implementers playing much has classes implemental. God is obstacle of power. John l. epochal disease in a copy. Tillerson quintana but she quitters address. On community case. Waste of braces coach. Harry potter wasted. Rodman was stunned. Gina the sangre. Dominique hit a mea lemus. Most piccolo and most varieties body sewn on us as kucharski does capital letters the quattro and those important they noise kucha conflict at will notice you on the kings who sodas not to win quintagle demento saint louis coconut participate beneficial kayla. Cuevas ordinance nacchio's on thursday as he plays say kelsey yours. Which is what is your news. But according or saleswoman that does corazon the convenience you don t rotten diaz who goes a cocker wiscon- our young ordering companion care. Order is allow several casino-like caqueta moves also as improper kahlil must ask one dora. Tanto mateos diaspora say kosinski. Childhood arrivals animals sues l. Senor got order. Brace in western north red mono i always say in western hoopla because a power west coast by loudest fake does consume sangre pirated. Does he enterpreneur. Soto's no money. That capone associates whom you inoperable has had al-qaeda convey presenting indonesian imprint workers came bill vikas. 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Condos pungo pyro at donuts seat in east pakistan or spur of for instance marcio nice tampa costra pilot our often sense marcos capitals than those. I'll think as waste benneteau. Notre depended on can west orazio gujjar. It dominion komo's we rana soto's with caning mino pony restaurant arcadia autonomous to stand. Randy's komo pecan used element parasitic kazan. Yada complimentary ca. Just in benza. Komo guys as your tambien. Who's great participator ghana's to compare to resume paraty is more for coming maintain noy in mongol gono that totally capable donors to kennedy on diaspora contrary pair donors impaled tanga gone to pair donors to considerable associated apple to railway railway becomes the os estela at the copa eating embargo. Money he has done here is when we said he quoted kosti gomez. Kim was yuppie saturday adenosine. Your protests that the ratio now mon was throwing us yawn in western meanwhile baskin now in west our as if can communicate. 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"mongol" Discussed on WTVN
"Air will invade the U. S. With cold temperatures and more chances it snow, including for the Northeast winter Storm, warnings and advisories are still in effect from Washington, D. C to Maine. In New York. Tanya J. Powers Fox News this morning Governor Mike DeWine and first wife friend each received their first dose of the Corona virus vaccine. Both are eligible to receive the vaccine. Now Mongol Highlands over age 78 received the fighter vaccine today. A petition was submitted to Columbus City Hall Monday asking for former Columbus police chief Thomas Quinlan to be fired, not just demoted from the top job. ABC Sixes. Luanne Story asses. The move was made by local clergy. The pastor's warning the mayor that as the search for a new chief begins again, they want to see someone from outside CPD to lead the division. Give us what we asked for. Because reelection always comes around. Mayor Andrew Ginther did not answer our questions on camera, but issued a statement that says, in part that he is focused on selecting a new chief of police that will bring about the reform and change We all agree is necessary. When I was demoted last week at Mayor Gunther's request clever city councils past Andres laws went the whole police officers for accountable in the use of body cams that requires a cans be in use during any enforcement action and requires police to request a blend forces. CEOs. It's named after Andre Hill, the unarmed man who was shot killed by Columbus police officer last month. It was a split decision on ground hog day predictions from the rodent prognosticators Wilbanksattorney Phil saw his shadow this morning in Pennsylvania Buckeye. Chuck's prediction was announced on Sister Station W M. R N The skies are mostly cloudy. Buckeye Chuck, Ohio's official whether reporting ground hog does not see his shadow will claiming spring in Ohio is just around the corner..
"mongol" Discussed on A Biography Podcast - Life Histories of Successful People
"They will help you. Better understand the development of events as well as the location of various tribes and countries mentioned in this episode after ten became gangs kong. He said about conquering other strong nations. Gascons conquest began with china. During genghis khan's time china was ruled by three kingdoms the western shia dynasty in the northwest the jin dynasty in the north and northeast and the song dynasty in the south of these three kingdoms. The mongols shared borders with the western shah dynasty and the jin dynasty. The mongols shared their western border with the western shah dynasty. Genghis khan believed that defeating the western shah dynasty would give him a gateway to defeat the bigger more powerful jin dynasty so he decided to attack the western shah dynasty. I the western shah dynasty emerged as an independent kingdom in the eleventh century at the time of arrival of the mongols had even served as a vassal state for the jin dynasty but its relationship with the jin dynasty was not so smooth so gingas. Kahn predicted that if he attacked the western shah dynasty. I the younger gen ruler. One yanji wouldn't interfere therefore he went ahead and attacked the western shah dynasty. Just likelihood predicted jin refused to come to western. Shah's aid when western. Shaw asked him for help. Even the western show was a vassal state of jin but taking western shawl was not an easy task. After all for the first time genghis kahn would be fighting against a fortified nation protected by the great wall of china. Genghis khan knew that. As long as the great wall of china stands. He wouldn't be able to defeat the western shah dynasty at the same time. He also knew that he couldn't destroy the great wall of china because he didn't have any siege weapons so instead of destroying it. He just took his troops surrounded and entered the western shah dynasty once inside the mongols were able to defeat several cities despite their initial difficulty and fighting against well-guarded cities. Finally they arrived at the gates of western shaw's capital city which had a well fortified garrison of one hundred fifty thousand troops. Genghis khan knew it would take significant toll on his military. If he fought those troops head-on he wanted to force the city to surrender instead. So i he feigned retreat and killed many of western shah's troops who fell for his act and followed him then. He tried to flood the city by turning the course of the yellow river. But the dike they built for this purpose broke and the river flooded the mongol kemps instead but despite the failure of their plan the king of western yasser surrendered he submitted to the mongols is a vassal state and gave his daughter's hand in marriage to genghis khan in twelve eleven after conquering western. Shaw gingas. kahn turned his attention to the jin dynasty. The jin dynasty had always been wary of their neighboring nomadic mongol tribes they knew if these tribes united it would become a big problem for them so the jin dynasty adopted divide and rule approach towards these tribes. They incited battles between different tribes and even shifted support between tribes to ensure none of the tribes got too powerful. They even extended the great wall of china by three hundred kilometers along their border towards the mongols however they missed their chance to destroy damage damaging con when he was a small chieftain a mistake for which they paid dearly then twelve. oh four even before he became. Genghis khan tenjin com began attacking small villages of the jin dynasty in the border he then incited these villages to convert to his side however the jin ruler underestimated tenjin. Kahn the mongols. He believed that the mongols didn't stand a chance against jin's military might so he did not strengthen defenses against the mongols twelve ten the jin dynasty sent an envoy to genghis kahn asking him to submit to them as a vassal state gascon however spat on the ground and sent the envoy back to submit to the jin dynasty genghis khan's refusal to submit to the jin dynasty as a vassal state was considered a declaration of war. When king heard how genghis khan had behaved he sent genghis. Kahn message the tread. Our empire is as fast as the see. Yours is but a handful of sand. How can we fear you. The gin kings message was a bold statement but it was justified at that time. The jin dynasty was one of the kingdoms in the world that was well defended moreover they had imaginable wealth an enormous army and state of the art weapons like gunpowder and chemicals in addition to that they had the great wall of china so he did not have to worry about the mongols invading the jin dynasty after all the mongolian army was only an army of nomads. The didn't even have any siege weapons then. Twelve eleven after conquering western. Shaw genghis khan summoned a military council of mongolian chiefs in that council. After consulting these mongolian chiefs gascon decided to attack the jin dynasty with full force. So genghis kahn gathered an army of one hundred thousand men to attack. Jim leaving only two thousand men to guard his base in mongolia. In response jin sent an army of eight hundred thousand infantry and one hundred fifty thousand elite cavalry the jin army outnumbered the invading mongols by almost ten to one yet. Their numerical advantage was lost because of the tactical mistakes. That the jin army committed for starters. They spread a part of their army thin. So that most part of the great wall could be guarded however genghis khan broke through the great wall where it was. The weakest behind that entry point was a mountain pass behind that pass the jin armies main unit of four hundred thousand men was waiting they had spread out on mountainous terrain to obstruct the mongolian cavalry. While writing up a mountain the cavalry would lose the advantage against the infantry so it was to serve as a big advantage against the mongols whose specialty was mounted archery however instead of attacking the mongols head on jin's general sent a messenger to the mongols to negotiate peace but genghis khan was able to scare the messenger who defected to the mongols side and revealed the jin armies position so using that intel. The mongols dismounted their horses climb the mountains on foot and launched a concentrated attack on the gen central army. They were fighting on a mountain and the jin army was spread thin so the central army could not communicate their status to the rest of the army thus the central army ended up being annihilated. Because they couldn't ask for help after destroying the central army the mongols pursued the rest of the army and killed them to what followed was a bloody murder in which the mongols killed thousands of jin soldiers mercilessly and left dead bodies for a hundred miles after that battle. The mongols laid waste to several cities of the jin dynasty. Finally they reached jin's capital cities on. Do which is the present. Day beijing when he came to beijing gingas. Kahn found another wolf facing him. This wall which surrounded beijing was twelve meter high and sixteen kilometers long. Jin soldiers stood guard on it waiting to throw molten metals burning loyal and poison on the invading mongols. Genghis khan understood that. Beijing was not a city that he could take by force so his army rated the countryside and centrifuges pouring into beijing and other cities consequently beijing was faced with severe food shortages and the population resorted to killing and eating each other so the jin army had to kill tens of thousands of its own people finally in twelve fourteen unable to hold out anymore. The jin dynasty surrendered to the mongols. The mongols let jen keep their capital cities. Do in return. The general agreed to give the mongols silver gold silk warriors and horses after. They made their agreement. The gin king suddenly moved his capital to another city in the south abandoning zonda but gingas. Kahn took the jin emperors action of moving. His capital is a breach of the agreement. So he ravaged zong due to the ground and killed all its inhabitants for the next two decades the mongols kept invading weaken jin further until jin was completely destroyed in twelve thirty four. The car kid..
The Anti-Diet With Evelyn Tribole
"Thanks for making time for this. Yeah absolutely how did you get into. Meditation is so bizarre. I have was a securities route The long short story is when my mom was dying of cancer. I had to keep missing sessions with patients and i would tell them. Why didn't they flaky. And so patient might give me a book called mindful grieving and i remember looking at it. They can wine the hell. Do i wanna feel migrelief. I am a ten of sadness and it broke me open. Because i noticed during those times i practice some mindfulness as i knew it back then i was just a little baby meditators off but i noticed there was times is neutral that time to actually was happy even though my mom was dying and so with open something up and then taking this is this is really funny. I took a professional retreat with someone. Who's a zen zen master and a pediatrician as for health professionals. And i'll never forget the second time they made us meditate. I thought i was going to die a call my best friend. They made us meditate two times. And now we're going to go into silence and long story short here i am. I fell in love with meditation. I now trained with dan brown. Who's just an amazing teacher for me. I've never met dan brown. He's at harvard at harvard and the thing that appeals to me. Personally i'm a skeptic. That's what i loved about your story. I'm a skeptic. I'm always the one asking the questions. And because he's also an academic practitioner. He is a very satisfying relationship with my mind. And he's he's just really really gifted and And one of the most homeless persons. I've ever met especially being at harvard. You know so. How did you find him. Oh i got. His book is really really big. Book about the state of meditation. Mahamoud mudra pointing out the way. And i bought it. Put it down five years later. I picked it up and it blew me away. And i had the i realized i had the illusion of his meditating but it was not meditating properly and i thought i've got to go meet this guy. I've got to go train with him and i did. And that's what Just knocked me over. So would you say you weren't meditating properly. But he pointed out the way to do it properly. What with what would the difference. What was the difference there in the technique between with meditation. Your mongols all over the place and one of the techniques he has. I'm gonna decent detail since. I'm not a teacher but he really. Has you practice the awareness of your breath the entire way and really noticing when you leave noticing when you have partial iced concentration in these types of things and so the other thing. I like about him as a teacher when you go into retreat with him. He's there the whole time usually other retreats. I've been a teacher for me about an hour and then there's constant interaction i connected with it very deeply so you when you say you went and met him did you. Just say hey. Can i get a little bit of your time or do you show up and no no no. I showed up to retreats. I signed up and it was so funny was held a monastery so it was like. Oh my god. I'm going in deep here and it was great. It was really really great and i have become. You talked about being ten percent happier. I think i'm a. I'm ten percent better person which makes people around me happy. We're you complex. Before i didn't think i was i didn't think i was reactive and i realize holy moly was so reactive but this thing that has changed with is telling this with dan we just met a couple of months ago is that i have changed. I actually this is gonna sound terrible before. I would do the right thing because you're supposed to but now i actually genuinely care it. It's hard to put into words what this is but this connection and this compassion and talk a lot about the wu stuff the most you stuff and i'm like that and now here i am talking about stuff and it's like oh we have to end all suffering and so this is done in my career you get it. Yeah i'm not. I'm not a person but it has lit my passion for what i do to a level i didn't expect would happen to put an end to unnecessary suffering as it relates to mind and body. Because there's so much unnecessary suffering around eating and body and judgment and shame and you talk about conceptual mind. Oh my gosh. The rules and the concepts and the judgements. That are out there. It's neat to watch people's lives change. You know it's a technique that we created through intuitive eating over twenty five years ago we've updated it all along and the cool thing is there's now research on our method and it just it just warms my heart and ways. I just can't begin to describe. We're going to go deep on diet culture at
Glenn Close, 'Hillbilly Elegy'
"Hi everybody. I'm peter travers. This is popcorn What's happening at the movies and my guest today. is glenn. close one of the best actors on this planet. You heard it from me and you heard from everybody else. That caesar in anything you people need to get now busy on netflix. And watch glenn. In hillbilly jay where her talent is shining on its highest being. So congratulations to you. God thank you peter. Thank you very much. And i'm looking at you and when i see you and you'll be billy algae i say who the hell is that. What about this transformation that you make to play this character. Well you know. It started. When i when i knew i was going to do memo is started with. I can't be distracted by my own face. I can't you know if i think the audience sees my face. I'll be very distracted by that though. I called matthew mongol reading. Oh genius makeup artist. Special effects makeup in mossy oak own views is done my wigs for practically my entire career and they had done also janet mcteer ni- and albert and matthew came up from texas where he's kind of semi retired when i still had a house out you know in westchester and we sat in my kitchen and he experimented with with shapes because it was really amazing. How just a very slight alteration of its shape of your nose for example can take your own face away so It was that and also mammal in life had big ears so he added you know size of my ears in my ear lobes. In the night. I curl my hair and made it all frizzy and ron came over because he just lives over the border in connecticut and he was kind of he was convinced because it i of course you know you worry about the time taken in the chair in the morning with any kind of percents but this was actually you know just slight difference of the nose and ears in it. I i was reading an hour every day But that was the beginning. And i we were given a portrait of mammoth fabulous portrait for slightly looking up with the big glasses and her hair and that was kind of what we went on. And then eventually saw videos from the family of her inaction laughing surrounded by kids pulling a wagon and then i the thing that was most valuable for me was to have one on one with bev with lindsay with a cousin with jd. And just saying okay. How did she sit. What did she wear. How did she hold her cigarette What was her voice like what. What was your energy like when she came into a room. What was her house like. So just very specific things not to pretend i was her but to somehow find the essence of this woman. Who is just. I mean loved feared feared and loved. When you get a property like this. I mean let's start by that. How did it come to you. He'll billy allergy. Who showed it to you. I said well. To tell you the truth. I read the book you know. Not long after came out because i wanted to educate myself kennedy. Was it her. She made the wonderful wonderful documentary about the hill. People that i remember vividly. But that was more like the shacks in the moonshine. And that's kind of the cliche and cliches are uninteresting. And i think cliche can lead to people being stigmatized and i think this group of people have been stigmatized. And then i heard that ron was had gotten the rights was developing the script and i wrote him a note and i said when you're thinking of memo please think of me thinking never in a million years would you. Because it's not like casting that you would necessarily leaked to. But then he got exciting for. You is the best thing about exciting new territory. And that's the essence of what we do right. I mean we were. We explore the human condition. And you don't want to go over territories spiritual emotional psychological that you've done before and so this was a great great journey for me to to learn about mammo to meet her family. I really believe i. It's just a fact that all great drama is based in family and you tell a very specific story about family and it has repercussions for everyone matter who they are and and that to me is the value of making it authentic and honest because then people can say they they almost subliminally will link it to their own lives. I heard that you met her son. Oh yes yes. He came settled. So what did he say when he's looking at you playing her and in a way reproducing this woman who's gone now he couldn't believe it. I mean the thing when the family and they came later when we were like a bunch of them came on on the day that i shooting the scene with little jd when he's I've told that he has to give his p to his mother and they came onset set. We're we're on a location. And some of them started crying. They somehow whatever we found was the mammal that they remembered and her son came came in another scene and he had to leave because he got so emotional. So that was really gratifying. I think we wanted to do justice. And we wanted to in way carry on the legacy of mammal. I women all over the world who are mammals you know. Always a yankee game sat next to a grandmother and grandfather. Taking care of their ten year old grandson. And i think he'd oh my god no retirement for them. I said their daughter was unable to take care of them so they were raising their grandson and it happens a lot in this country that know. We see every time we turn around to do that. And i say from the specific comes the universal to do that. But i think it's going to have an effect watching this movie now because all of us many of us even if we're lucky enough to live in some kind of bubble where we have. Some family members with us isn't going to be a thanksgiving where we can all get together in large kind of group. it's just impossible with this pandemic. How are you living with. Pandemic there in montana. We'll see interesting. Because i've not achieved as much creatively as i wanted. I wanted to really really right. Haven't and i'm not sure why not be. I think it's brought a kind of sometimes. I feel like. I'm spinning my tires. You know in in the mud and not getting a traction. And but i make sure my sink is clean all the time. My kitchen isn't border. You know i make i will. Do i think that every day going. After the i kind of the little things to keep my life in order that have been important but he things are building. I think i would like to think that a great great era of creativity for for all of us who are in the are artists will come out of this. Whether is you know something's just stating whether you're aware of it or not. But it's there it's going to happen
Soft Power 2020
"Am joined today on special soft power program by mongols foreign editor megan gibson monocle culture editor kiara ramallah and monocle twenty four culture correspondent and eurovision desk chief. Fernando augusto up. We have a lot to cover in analyzing who made l. top ten this year and who didn't but we should talk about first of all meghan. What an unusual year for calibrating soft power. This was because of course it was like every country on earth given the same test it was like he is a pandemic deal revert. And see what it says about you. As a nation did it make a difference on how countries will seen by the rest of the world and soft power terms. It absolutely did like you said every country was dealing pretty much the same set of problems but just as internally the pandemic kind of shed light on where countries weren't up to snuff and where there's certain systems were lacking or the social welfare net was not working so too did a show which countries were really relying on kind of coasting approach to diplomacy and soft power. Every country had to turn inward in some respect. You had to face an economy. Crunch you had to face a healthcare crisis but a lot of countries still managed to think about diplomacy and what. They're projecting abroad and to other countries and global cooperation. And that is something. I think that kind of threw up some surprises when we actually looked at the year in terms of soft power some countries that have never made our list before immediately caught our eye. Well let's talk about that. We'll come back a bit later to how different countries responded to the covid nineteen crisis. But let's look first of all at our top ten and meghan all ask you again. You were talking about surprise entries in the top ten. Who is there. The see that hasn't been before i think the first one. I'm going to go to taiwan. And i should say we've done top ten this year. Usually we do top twenty five. We quickly realized that there weren't twenty five countries. That actually made that good impression on the world. I would say this year. A peace prize in the nineteen forties. Exactly we cut it down to ten and picked the ten countries that did something notable on the world stage and taiwan absolutely one of them from their stellar leadership in actually handling the virus. Which i mean has seen the country. Even today has had quite a minimal effect. On at the helm of its citizens numbers have been tiny and given their proximity to china. Remarkable for that. That's just been something that they've really been able to step up and show that they've had good leadership and for such a tiny country and a country that has been long grappling with a very antagonistic neighbor. That's been really impressive. And i think we've also could look at another country that has made our list consistently but also small and has done really well with the pandemic and that's new zealand new zealand again a beneficiary of its leadership and of its leader. Another factor we will come back to later in the show. I wanted to bring you in now. Kiara refu- look at the top ten. Were there any entries in there that left out at you. It's difficult for me to look at this without my cultural hat on. Because i do think that cultural exports make up so much of a country soft power their own way. You know if you do have a tv hit. That really can change. The international perspective of people have on your country in the issue. We have profile of borgen. The danish show which kind of guess kicked off almost a huge facination with scanning wa. I'm happy that south korea is in the fair number and i were discussing. Grammy results on are getting their first ever kind of major grammy nomination. I mean that is huge because the grammys are essentially a us kind of awards ceremony. Yes of course it has one global subcategory but it's largely. Us fakest for a korean bond to be nominated as part of that really means that they have become not only a korean band moore global bond and that radius testament to the power of capes. I think south korea has really well deserved second-place cultural reasons but also for all the other reasons dr megan was discussing. It's very interesting. Also you you know you mentioned new zealand as well and perhaps it's a very niche reason to be very well known abroad but i do think that new zealand has got an increasing amount of really interesting. Musical acts that are genuinely world class. I'm talking the likes of zuma. Alice harding benet talking. Broods mullen williams all quite indie acts but in the the community which is very dedicated. Genuinely these are kind of agenda setting also around the world. So i think it's really interesting. That a tiny nation can produce a really interesting side of the musical experimentation side of things obviously around this table. Four nations are represented all nations with instantly recognizable and widely understood national brands. And that's my nation of australia. Kiara of italy fernando's of brazil megan's of canada which i notice is the only one in the top ten. This whole thing is just the most shameless stitch-up so fernando to bring you in brazil a country with a powerful national brand and yet you are not in the top ten this year. Do you feel especially put out by that is. Is there a case you would like to make well. No no no not not in two thousand twenty eight gave you the big buildings builder. People would be surprised by me. Because i always a believer brazilian. I'm very proud of being resilient. And i am still an and we do have an amazing opportunity to be one of the best countries in soft power so perhaps in a few years will be there the top of the list but honestly i mean this year has been terrible for brazil president. He's an isolationist. he's not handling very well. The situation in the rain forest which matters a lot for the outside world. Perhaps those of us who enjoy breathing so exactly. But i mean it. It is an issue in brazil. but i notice. We've all my friends when they say. Oh how during forest the amazon. Your president doesn't care. And of course his declaration sometimes every day he said something quite offensive to specific groups. And it's funny. I was trying to say i mean. What is brazil doing. well now we. We are student load of great things but even at football you have. Our biggest star neymar liked by some. But he's but even in brazil. Laura people don't like neymar like perhaps some aspects of his personality. So then i think even football. We're not so well liked turfing. We need to improve. I am an optimistic. I think things will change but two thousand twenty is yeah. I agree it. It's not the year of brazil. And i do think this year has been a blip for a lot of countries and as i was saying you know cultural experts from italy. Obviously still very strong italian food still eating around the world unloved around the world especially on this table but this year it was all about the countries that had cut through and what the cut through was what the stories that were resonating around. The world like fernandez. The amazon is what people were thinking about. When they thought about brazil they were not thinking of amazing beaches. Or you know wonderful culture and things like that it was the bad headlines that were really being projected around the world just finally in this first part of the show. I am going to rise heroically above complaining too much about the struggles exclusion in favor of new zealand. And just let these self evident absurdity of that speak for itself but meghan there couple of other countries which again have shoes soft power in princeton fact arguably the countries with the to hugest soft power imprint i e the united kingdom and the united states neither of the mike it and is that just about covid nineteen and all the people who happened to be leading them at the moment. It is definitely down to leadership. Soft power is usually something that is built up over years and decades so usually it can survive a bad year it can survive a wrong thinking government but in the case of the uk and definitely the us. It's not that. Diplomacy was neglected in the last few years. I mean we've seen a lot of policies that have been actually hostile to global cooperation. And i think a lot of people's perceptions of those countries have really shifted especially when it comes to the us under donald trump.
Coronavirus in France: Curfews to come into force in several cities
"Let's begin here in Europe as cases of Corona virus continue to rise across the continent governments have been doling out new restrictions from a citywide curfew in Paris in seven other French cities to right here in London, which will move into high alert level on the traffic light system. That's already looking like a speed bump to progress a few short days after it was implemented earlier this week we. Heard from Mongols Health and science correspondent nets. Dr To Chris Smith and he explained why lockdowns may cub infection rates but are really in some sense just delaying the inevitable. I am skeptical and the reason I'm skeptical I think is an information deficit. I haven't actually seen the case made for. If we do this, this happens if we do this, this happens and this is how certain we are behind these numbers. Remember it's only a while ago. That someone said we're going to shop pubs at ten o'clock at night, and this is going to reduce cases. This is going to reduce transmission. Yes. It will reduce transmission in the pub but what models and maths equations don't foresee is the predictable unpredictability of people, which is they then go out of the pub in the street mass transmission out there are back to someone else's place mentality with a whole bunch of of takeout and far more. Transmissions in that setting. So I think on the one hand if you just the question would lockdown translate into fewer cases on say, yes. If you then the questions about differently, what are the long term repercussions of this does this actually translate into a long term difference in the trajectory difference in outcome well, more people die later, just not today those are the sorts of questions we need to see set out so that we can all be. In the decision making because at the moment is coming across as a bit of some some people with big brains of said this, and this is what we're gonNA do based on some other input from some economists and I don't think he's transparent enough and I think is now is critical more than ever to take the public along for the journey to because that is missing at the moment morale is falling support is wavering, and if we're GonNa make these things, work evidence proves to us we have to have everyone on board onside an all acting together decisively otherwise, we would just fiddling while Rome Burns.
Trump paid $750 in US income taxes in 2016, 2017: NY Times report
"Of us have not been able to sleep Because the IRS has been on our case. I've certainly been in that situation. I had to pay back taxes have to a very divisive divorce with child support all kinds of tabloid headlines. The IRS was on my jock strap. Think of the tune of about $35,000. I had to continue to chip away at that. And as one Johnny Legit always told me Make sure the one bill you pay before any other. If you have depleted resource is at that time is the IRS because they can be relentless. In fact, as a worker will call up your HR and they will garnish your wage. Yes. Why? Mongol Lucia, That is not what you get on a plate. When you have out to a timing with that little stake that they charge you reverse mortgage for and then they put that little green leafy vegetable on the side. They say that's the garnish. No. They can be relentless. So now with the release of information procured Sound off was illegal. Legal, Whatever, I I don't know how they got the information. But the New York Times released it in my mind is pretty much what we already knew about the president from the first time he ran. I'll never forget he got up on that stage. And he said, Yeah, I declared chapter 11 5 times because It is what you can do legally when you're having fiscal problems, and I remember I was blown away by that What you convict play chapter 11 5 times and he did. And he spoke about it. Said how he used the system will now, according to The New York Times, Donald Trump paid $750 in federal income tax is, uh, both in 2016 and in 2017 and no income tax in 10 of the previous 15 years. He reported losing Mohr than he made in that time. These men and I are s battle over $72 million, said he got us a tax refund. This is led to and this is what doesn't sound right? A 10 year audit in that process. It's got to be finished sometime. We now know he owns hundreds of million dollars in assets. The Apprentice earned him about $200 million. His endorsement naming rights and licensing deals earned him another $230 million investments in other people's business is earned him about $200 million, But he lost a billion dollars in the 19 nineties, and most of that was on his golf properties like Dorel. Down in Miami. That one alone he lost $160 million so he made and he lost. And Apparently, there's $300 million in loans that will be due soon. What I was interested in it's at least in this account from the New York Times, No money from Russia. Did you hear that? That's right, Justin. Ah, no money came in from Russia Any of his assets already talked about money that he got from licensing deals in close it. Has cheeky son. Many son. I don't know. He's one of those stones. Then it was Turkey anchor a few other locations and normally I think normally I stand to be corrected. I'm not an accountant. I haven't worked for the I R s, but I've had my stones busted by the IRS. Normally you pay about 24%. In federal income taxes so already Already team Biden Has put out shirts and bumper stickers that say I paid more in taxes and trump and this whole place to his campaign of saying, Hey, I represents Quentin. And Donald Trump represents the rich. The wealthy in Park Avenue.
"What was so big about movable type. Well movable type meant that each letter had its own little block and they could be arranged in any format that was needed to make any text. Prior to that, the entire page of text had to be carved in one single block of wood like an enormous stamp. Now, consider the amount of time it would take to carve one such block then multiply that by the number of pages in even the shortest book. Any printing press was an improvement over hand-lettered manuscripts but the Gutenberg press could print over two hundred pages per minute which gave the world what would be called the Gutenberg forty two line, Bible. Books and the ideas that they contained were no longer the exclusive purview of the very wealthy. Greater access to ideas and information was a causative force behind such things as the renaissance, the Protestant reformation and the industrial revolution. But Gutenberg did not create the first movable type press. A printing press with movable metal type was developed in Korea during the Goria Dynasty, which ran from eight nineteen to thirteen ninety, two in a desperate attempt to preserve religious texts in the face of a Mongol invasion. The effort was successful but only just barely. A single copy of a single volume of one book remains. It's called the G, which is the abbreviated title of a Korean Buddhist and policy whose title can be translated as in theology of great Buddhist priests Zen teachings. GDP is easier to say. The key is a collection of experts from the teachings of the most revered Buddhist monks throughout successive generations collated by a monk named Kyogon. It was published in two volumes in thirteen, seventy two though the first volume has been lost completely. Further weakening the Gutenberg was first position. The Korean press wasn't even the first press that had movable type. The earliest known non-metallic movable type press was developed in China in the tenth. Century. That press used clay blocks which would prove to be too fragile. Though, it was thought to have directly influenced the Korean. design. There's also evidence that Gutenberg's press may not be an example of simultaneous invention. A record in the Swiss Museum of paper indicates a papal delegation to `gorio brought printing technology back to Europe. Korea's claim to origination carries some serious bone fee days in the form of two thousand one edition to the memory of the world program by UNESCO the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. Three years later, the Jiechi memory of the world prize was created, which quote recognizes instiutions that have contributed to the preservation and accessibility of documentary heritage to safeguard against collective amnesia neglect the ravages of time and climate conditions and willful and deliberate destruction. If the listener would like to see the Jixian person they might want to bone up on their French. Rather than reposing rightfully in Korea, the G. has been kept in La Bibliotheque Nationale France in Paris. It was acquired under let's call them unclear circumstances by the first French Console to Korea and past Tula Bibliotheque upon his death. The consensus in Korea is unsurprisingly that they would like it to be returned that cultural artifacts belong in their country of origin. La Bibliotheque adamantly refuses arguing that the Jiechi is out of humanity's common heritage and therefore doesn't belong to anyone. Which raises the question at least in this reporters mind. If it belongs to everyone and therefore no one. What would it matter if they gave it back? On a brighter note, a wood carving print of the cheeky is currently kept in the National Library of Korea. Sometimes a person we remember as the first to do something wasn't preempted by someone else. They merely failed to complete the thing they're credited with. Such as the case with Ferdinand Magellan the name long attached to the first circumnavigation of the earth.
Locked Down in Switzerland and Belgium
"Start with Stephen mcfeely he operates being be on Ireland's dingle peninsula in just before the pandemic head Stephen an interest in the hotel Oberland in October and Switzerland that's where he's had to ride out the first few months of the global lockdown good and. My goodness. My Irish friend is learning Spitzer dykes. Good here in the Alps where I've been for four months. Now in splendid isolation, my plan originally was just to come for February and March, but I've I'm still here right well, what does the vibe in Switzerland right now there's a positive vibe. The society is reopening. Tourism travel has started again just no we're on the same level as it was before we had two weekends where there was crazy crowds here huge big crowds from all over Switzerland everybody who was here was from Switzerland or had to be from Switzerland. They weren't necessarily all Swiss because there's lots of international people living in Geneva and Derek and whatnot but everybody from within the barger of Switzerland over with crowds, and then it just died and Monday to. Friday went back to being really really quiet. Okay. Well, this is sort of the very beginnings of the rekindling of tourism I would imagine it'll be people traveling with within their own countries first, and then traveling within Europe, and then finally international travel and transatlantic travel. Yes. That's exactly what we're seeing. The borders here have just reopened. So we're expecting Germans and some Austrians and maybe some French to come now also, I don't anticipate huge numbers like that would have been heretofore. One. Very noticeable thing in the Valley of course, there's no American visitors. As you know, the valley also is very popular with. Chinese travelers Indians many people from Dubai and Saudi Arabia would come here and they're not here this year. So there's a noticeable difference there. So the people getting the real cultural change would be the French speaking. Swiss. German speaking part of his Switzerland and not even leaving their own country exactly. Fifty percent of our guests. Last week were French speaking Swiss and it was the first time I've ever actually met those people and I would say to them. Are you French Swiss would say no, no, we are. All MOM and so I I learned something new immediately the K. The identify as swirl. They were saying exactly what you just said they said it's like we are in a different country it's very dramatic here it's different toossion either those on the do shut down it was really cool. They were very excited to see a different part of their own country. So that was wonderful. Now Stephen you own a hotel in Ireland in Dingle Peninsula and now you own a hotel in Switzerland in Loudoun valley two of my favorite places as a businessman working in both these countries how do you compare the support getting from the government and how the two governments are dealing with this crisis? Well, the difference is. Very. Big. I'm still on team. Ireland. So I want to be positive about my own country, but there's not a lot of support coming. Heretofore in Switzerland for example, within two weeks of the crisis occurring. The. Swiss Federal Council which is the Swiss government offered ten percent of the previous year's turnover and So that's quite a considerable amount of money and they offered that as a loan which was repayable over seven years. Zero percent interest. So they're not looking to profit from it and in Ireland we really struggled to get some assistance. And we got ten thousand euros of overdraft line of credit and but repayable at seven and a half percent interest in Switzerland. We got three hundred thousand. So it's quite a big difference there no-interest at all. No interest at all. Of course, Switzerland may have much stronger and deeper reservists than Ireland, but they were able to immediately come up with assistance very little bureaucracy paperwork, and they immediately got to help us in Ireland. The experience was just simply much different to the government really weren't as proactive for as immediate as were here in Switzerland. The roots here what's around her a lot less strict as well There is a two meter rule here, but I haven't seen anybody wearing masks very much, which is kinda shocking for me because I know in Ireland the whole north of is people should be wearing masks. People definitely are observing social distance. One of my friends said to me that the two meter rule has actually brought Swiss people closer together so. That is so insightful to the Swiss society. It's more difficult thing. It's more difficult thing for Irish people or Italian people are Spanish. Two meters distance than it would be for this people or maybe the. Scandinavians. I can see by home people are wondering. Is the Irish pub culture ever going to come back the way it was with social distancing whereas in. Switzerland. Here for me like I'm I'm in the Alps I'm surrounded by fresh air and. Of of lovely space and it's been a wonderful place to be stranded, I don't even want to complain about it because although I I was stranded here for four months. It was the perfect place I felt very safe. I might have felt different if I was in the middle of Zurich or something or Geneva but I felt very safe. I'd in the Alps and it is lovely and peaceful and quiet, and of course, that's what people are coming here for anyway
My Biggest Lessons From 4 Million Podcast Downloads
"Tae Guys, it is Michaela here and I'm back with another solo episode I. Hope You guys are doing well protecting your energy and protecting your piece. It's so so important especially right now you guys this is the Mossel episodes I have done in a while and maybe doing for a while because we're going to get back to our interviews with side. Hustler's turn entrepreneurs however however. I definitely wanted to jump back in and share my experience giving birth during a pandemic have been doing juggling up getting back to being a mom for Noor and just how I'm easing back into a podcast life, my work life and I'm glad I've been able to catch you guys up and also catch all of you new listeners. Shout you guys for joining the journey as well. the last episode I shared how I did it turning a podcast into a full time business and this episode I want to share the lessons I have learn overall journey podcasting. So four years and four million downloads. Later, this is going to be my breakdown of what I really think contributes to my success. When I was starting out on this journey I, didn't know where it would lead. Of course I had dreams and everyone who starts something you want it to be well received you wanted to be big you want it to be so successful. So of course, I had those thoughts but I also thought that I was hoping to gain inspiration from my guests and figure out what to use my talent. What kind. Of Business to start with talents that have the skills that I have, I did not think that I would focus on the podcast itself and ended up leaving my job two podcasts full-time. So that was a surprising life turn. I tested things out empty always work and in a lot of trial and error I also learned through spending time researching my ideas researching my industry and investing my own money into training conferences. And classes to learn more and then put what I learned into practice immediately and emphasis emphasis emphasis on the word practice because there was no one who had a specific blueprint for what I went to do like once I figured out that I wanted to scale my podcast with certain level. There was no class that I could take that taught me that exactly that's why I teach what I know now podcast Mongols. Because here, I have the blueprint I've done it and I'm doing it and I wanna make it easier for everyone else rather than trying to piecemeal information from all different sources So the practice was essential and now as I reflect, I can identify some of the key factors that have allowed me to have a successful podcast. So here goes, I, have divided it into lessons for y'all already. So lesson number one. Don't be afraid to be known for something for Steinhaeuser pro podcast is about black women entrepreneurs who scaled from side-hustle two fulltime entrepreneur myself included. I'm not afraid to be known for that nor do I shy away from focus on black women because it may make someone else uncomfortable the people who need this show the people who listen to this show span, all races and genders. Okay but but but sir. The reason I focus in on black women and the reason I focused on that specific specific topic is because I want people to understand what this show is about you will have. No. Problem sharing this with somebody else because I. Make It crystal clear what we talk about. So often when my podcast moguls members joined the program, one of the first questions I asked him is what is your podcast about and often they tell me two or three different things Oh i WanNa talk about leadership in corporate America also WanNa talk about you know dating with my girlfriend bring her on as a guest and then i WanNa talk about I don't know travel. And always have to say we weightless. Let's roll it on back in the stroller back because. You are doing this as a catchall because you're afraid to be known for something. This is when we have to work together to refine their podcast topic. What's often behind their answer and their topic being so broad so vague and Goose for a better word. Is there fear of being pigeonholed? But when you are known for something, you're just floating around in the podcast categories not really fitting in nut grabbing anyone's attention because they have no idea how your show will help them how your show entertain them and you're just making your life harder. What is the use of having a show? If no one knows what it's about then they? Can't recommend it. One of the keys to the growth of sidelines Appro is that it was specific and specific things are sharable and sharable things are scalable. So do not be afraid to dig deep and be known for something because if someone can't walk away from listening to your podcast and tell someone else in one sentence, what is about then it's going to be very hard for you. So own your topic.
Ghost of Tsushima: Creative Director Interview (with Spoilers)
"Have a very special guests with us this week that we're both very excited to talk with Jason. Connell from sucker punch. Thank you so much for joining US A. Awesome ear. Very happy to have you of course to go super in depth on Kgo Suma, so for those who are watching end jumping in. Be warned there will be some spoiler fil talking here if you haven't played through the game if you haven't. Checked out everything you want to in the game beforehand. Please do that first and then come back. There's a lot to dive into. We're going to be jumping into as much as we can. Of course if you want spoiler free impressions. We did record episode that a little earlier. Even can go check that out, but. There's so much that we can jump into this game I off. Jason I. Just want to say congratulations for recording this on the day. The game is starting to roll out on launch. Worldwide is already available in some territories as where speaking so congratulations to you on the team on that It's very exciting for to finally be out there as a fan of it and I'm sure it must be exciting for the team. Yes, it's a super exciting to have it out. There cited everybody host their photo mode favorites sin. Just enjoy the Games. I feel like an Brian I think this is true for both you and me. We could probably spend the next forty minutes talking exclusively about photo mode. Yeah, no I. Just get into that very quickly. What you've created, my favorite voted in video game history, but also. You might notice you. Create one of the most not-so-subtle advertising tools. That is perfect for this game. Because every time I seen pictures of it I WANNA? Play it again, and I think for a lot of people who were just sort of like on the outside, looking in a video games in general like people who aren't just totally head down on stuff all the time. They're like wait what that's! That's a video game. Where do I play I play it? They're going to get that so Yeah, that's a very very smart. If you guys it's absolutely stunning game. A cool. Photo of his crazy because we were one of the first, you know infamous second son was one of the first. At least I know of modern games that have put like a like a photo mode in in that game. It was just like this cool idea to show off all the cool particles and lighting. That game was a while known for. But it was wasn't crafted as a personality around. It was the cool photo mode, and then over time over the last few years. You have these games that out and Spiderman my favorite of version of this where they like adds the flavor of their game to its photos like tied to the personality of that gain. On, the building tops, doing like little cell fees and Doing it with a phone. That was awesome made it. You need to spiderman so when we were like. Hey, what are we gonNA do for voter mood? To? Whatever the ghost photo mode. One, it's gotta be way better than our first one because. Our, follow up one and two. It's gotta be semantically. You know connected to the game, so we're like. Well motion in Wind I. Haven't we like? Make it less about a static image. You can do that, too, but have be about moving frame that I think is so beautiful about our game kind of spun out from there. I didn't think it was odd that you give the main character, a Selfie, stick and the iphone. His drone that goes along with. Little you know little out of place, but I thought butyl. Oh God you know it's been incredible thing to play around with, and you can do what Brian said. Every time I see more of it. It's one of those things where I've been playing every night. Still in, it's like Oh, no, I need to go jump back in the middle of the day. Because like Oh. That's a great spot I never thought. I could take a photo of I've been a particularly obsessed with going to bamboo strike locations and trying to get all the great photos. I cannot have those spot often. You know like perfectly placed at an edge or something. I sort of wondering. Because obviously this was built more with like the photo mode in mind as you development went on, because it's become so much bigger, what was world creation influenced at all by the photo mode, or were there any aspects of designing this game that were influenced by it because it is more like prevately used feature these days I guess than back when second came out. You know. A little secret you know we. We always knew we'd have a photo modem. We knew that this ambitious version of like I. said a second ago better and more dramatically connected. Owning, really work on it until pretty late, so you know we were so. Dedicated to the stories in crafting the world, so when it came to the beauty of the world. That add add everything that's in the game. I would have to imagine that that had the most iterating over anything, because it's one of the first things you do before you have the whole story articulated and put into the game. Certainly don't have cut scenes. You know it's like you're laying out terrain and at that like how does the island look and then it gets into the direction the feeling Cutting, trees down growing trees, making procedural tools like the world is the by far the most iterative on thing now. There was a point where we're like. This is how we make our game. Look good clearings. Big giant swath of like in forests, you know that you can see for miles. Off using color as like landmarks again, the Golden Forest, or read flower fields, and then, and then a you know, certainly that sort of made its way into some of our features of a photo, but the the world designed stuff. took the lead on on end photo mode. Okay, now that we've created this amazing awesome place. How do we utilize the photo mode in like critical photo that will. Take advantage of how great our team at did at creating a beautiful world. I think one of my favorite things about this game is the sort of balanced that it's constantly striking Between being sort of completely serene, and then the music swells up and swords or out, and they're slashing against each other. How hard was it to sort of get that that tone down because I could see. You know I think in in lesser hands I could be a very kind of dangerous. Push and pull, but I feel like you totally nailed that and I think that that's like some people when they look at an open world game want like nonstop jam-packed activities in in your team made the decision to pull back and let things breath every now and then How did all that come together? Well you know for me. It's the first game that I was certainly a visual director on, and so I I would I you learn something about yourself with everything you create, and for me I personally learned that I don't have a natural tendency to like create incredible. Violence, I just wasn't that was uneven. Favor Games, bloodborne like as absolutely my favorite game. Guide. You're on this show. This is gonNA be worthwhile and. About it anytime. But no, seriously like. That's my favorite game, but. When we were crafting the world would I navigated towards with Joanna. Who's environment our leader? This did this amazing a blog post recently on playstation bar. was the beauty of it was taking taking a moment to breathe in, and then I realized that some of my favorite games that are not. Show the classes certainly embraced the idea of atmosphere in a sense of this and you know I donate Fox's is is resonates. Conversations resonated with him as well so then then the conversation shifted into. Okay well. We definitely have it. We have a summer game. So you know without saying anything else as you say Amer game, you know you're going to be hitting things with a four-foot razor blade so. You know violence is GonNa come so we certainly work on that stuff. allied and we wanted to be great and gritty, and the you know like you really WanNa feel like you have contact when you have contact but the other stuff doesn't come as natural, and you have to actually work on that stuff to balance it out, you really do, and so that means like the idea is about creating Haiku, which was actually named idea You know really. Or believe it was taking a moment to. Allow the beauty to take hold, and not what I think is cool about the ICU that I hope people enjoy about it is is that they're not tied till like progression like you're not. You're not like intrinsically forced to go, do it? You know there's a sense of you have to have the wonder and curiosity desire to do it. It's not like game telling you go do this to reach next level certainly, a lot of that is tied to corporation auto out to have to consider that, but it is. It is a work philosophy to try to get that balance of that contrast It takes years to get right for sure. I really enjoyed the Haiku sections actually He was like you said. It's sort of provided like this. This relaxing breeder and I did like the you were able to select different things who essentially collate them into one kind of fresh Haiku each time. Yeah I I mean I did every single side quests in every single objective in this game, but I I really enjoyed those wow awesome. The accuser, some of my favorite ones to the cinematography. You know it was at the moment to like. You know certainly we call them breathing. Moments definitely say that studio, but it was kind of a moment. Regis Art Geek out a little bit like the people who do the cameras. Mottaki, they can place it in to get the right motion and you know, and then the writers have an opportunity to like. Give you give you a couple of cool options. Just the beauty kinda comes through which is which in the end has been a very positive thing for the experience. Yeah, the balance that Brian was. Speaking to how you were sort of describing how that all came together? I could imagine. It's a very fine line between making sure it's peaceful and calm in certain areas, but. It's still engaging for the player because you could always run the risk of it. Being something that the player doesn't want to engage with, but as Brian. Saying like finding those high coups feels like this wonderful moment of solace after I have assassinated an entire Cam Mongols. And need to reflect on Jin's life, but also just the world I, it's this really great balanced that a I think as Brian was sort of saying you always get in games, but it feels so refreshing to hear. And it's a huge part of our philosophy. How we treat. Treat the game. Whether it's a Haiku great example, he could probably keep talking about, but you know the music style music how the music comes on not having things like combat while you're doing, shrine climbs or anywhere near them so that we can let those be their own experience, and so are these, are we? Everything wanted these features that are not mainline missions. Our conversation is like about how much combat how much non-combat and what is the purpose and what are the? What's the feeling for its existence like what what is the emotional goal for for these features and these are conversations? We have a lot and sometimes triple times over we try. We don't like it. We try something else. Well and for me, what's really interesting is sort of the place that all of these features and the things you go on, have sort of in the context of sucker punches past work, because it is I've been such a huge fan of both cooper franchise and infamous. Stir a year and. You know you get increasingly larger, but often more urban. City expenses that you're exploring a lot. In both of those franchises to certain extent here you're out in the wild. There are of course settlements and encampments and things like that, but there is a there's a lot of stretches where it can just be the world around you that you're exploring and I was sort of wondering on a world design level. How do you? How do you balance? Making all of these locations unique to explore as well and interesting. Even though you know a lot of can just be more, the environment's like what are the challenges that come with that? Yeah, so one of our. Our Contractors Jeff He. He talks a lot about content density, and what is the correct density and I really am really thankful that he brought that conversation up to light so much because It's such a you know Thinking about if you're currently doing something, you're going across the world and run into something. How much further would you have to ride your horse before you might find the next thing, or can you see the next thing from where you currently are? How how dense is it and I really enjoyed that conversation? Because it let us think about what's the right philosophy for for our game and it it certainly it allows us to you know if we want to in one place, you just completed something, and you should be able to generally speaking, look around and find one more thing on horizon or see the shrine trying on top of the mountain. It influence our world design alive, because when we first had the game built for the I you know I'd say maybe two years. It was a lot of forest. It was a ton of trees and it was cool, but you always were felt like you were in this like. Tunnel beautiful, but really deforestation. which does a couple things one is? It is very cool, but. It makes it really hard to know where you are without a compass or many map. Something telling you kind of giving you that extra information that your brain is just really needing. So what we did is we started opening up fields and I definitely some shadow, the classes photos out and was like fields as as reference vm. Because it just feels so epic when you're going through field, but but you know the criticism it could be that it's boring or something like that, and and really have to embrace a philosophy that it won't be boring because there's beautiful music. There's five things now that you can see what you want to do next because you're in a field, there's more clearings and it created a Great beauty in the game, but also more opportunity to engage with that density and I I. Really I think that that was one of the conversations that was ongoing throughout the project, but we landed in a really. I think unique spot for. When when when you? When your team was the helping this game, you obviously weren't anticipating a significant portion of the world's population to be stuck indoors for months on end, but At one I mean there were obviously there. Are you know a lot of sort of like entertainment? Things that have come out during quarantined. That didn't really. Fair as well due to their. SORT, of like the way they were delivered or their subject material something that, but this is a game that I really more than ever appreciated as a guy who's in a two bedroom apartment really appreciated huge open fields and. Mountains in like sprawling rivers and seas and stuff like that but I think one of my favorite things about the big open fields is that there's always something? Or there is like a lone tree. And you're just sort of naturally drawn towards it, and I found that like that sort of like beautiful use of negative space to be like so powerful. In terms of like never felt to me like there's nothing ahead of you. This is boring. It always felt to me like this. Is this is this is like a sort of triumphant use of minimalism and and charging towards something. To reveal that there's like one loan item in the distance was so much more engaging tomato like at a mini map that had a hundred time trials, but Hamas other stuff like I. Found Myself uncovering the dog on the entire map which. I was I was like basically riding around in spirals like in that movie alto like I was trying to. Five is in half the time I was on foot to. It was really wonderful game to explore so I. WanNa ask you about that the. The the sort of the way exploration on unfolds in this game is something I. Really Really Love and I think a lot of open world games are going to take note of following the wind and talking to people and following Fox's two locations rather than just you know overtly stating the player. This is where you're GonNa go, or you go to. The map in this big thing opens up. All that come together. What was the push and pull on that to sort of find the right way to keep players in the no, but without making like overwhelming them with information. Yeah I'll talk about kind of our studio kind of struggles, but I also kind of throw in my own, maybe personal philosophy, too. So I. I judge Games my favorite game, especially them really harshly by. How does it feel if you're? You're actually not doing anything on the sticks. I would if you're just sitting there. Just sitting in the world, you're standing in the world. You're on your horse in the world like is there. Is there a what's the feeling and some of my favorite games by just sitting there? There's like things that go through your mind. Like why do we? What are you anticipating? That are stuck on the story or like. Where's that next objective like you're just what's going through your mind? because. That's when you're not doing anything. That's what you're thinking of next like. You're just taking in the beauty looking around our game I hope that translates into that sense of exploration and sense of curiosity like if you do stop for a second yearly, you're not already on kind of a train of thought it is more. One of curiosity is one of like. Hey, what? What do I want to do next? Oh, there's something over there. There's something of their. Oh, I wonder band before, so they're having gone to could check it out and I. think that the more information you were to have on your screen compasses many maps. It kinda answers those questions before you even have time to ask the question. It's just like the dots right there. Let's go do the DOT. It doesn't matter what the DOT is. It's just there's thing let's go do it, and so that that to me is is a really important part of what I think. The Games, Tries to do in the world, and and certainly we did not have the wind when we started on this project at all. In fact, what the wind was which is has got this cool story I'll say quick is. on the first direction slides on the you know we did. A presentation is like one of the first presentation out the way look and feel and everything moves was was one of them like a wind. We're going to double triple quadruple down on win, and you know there's a lot of attack that has to go into that. He got Capes moving I gala hair moving. You gotta get trees and Bushes, and especially for procedurally generated now artistically procedurally generated world. That's really tough. Two years later. Something like that. That became true and you've standing I'm standing in this world and we had other elements we were helped. Augmenting are kind of navigation and get around the world and I'm just like holy crap. The wind is amazing. It actually works at that time. It always like went from East West or West. East or something I can't remember always just directional and it's just. It's really good. And then we started having conversations like how going to get more stuff off the screen to stay in the is like beautiful world more and more because it's just. It's really stunning even years ago. And a one point I had this idea like. The Wind. It sounds kind of crazy and Adrian is like our longtime worked on has been sucker punch. Long Time. They tried a little quick prototype with me. We had like fifteen people play at were removed all the you I just to hey. Can you just just try to follow it and just and it sounds crazy, but follow in if you can get to that hot spring or that on. And it worked like the first prototype fourteen out of the fifteen people were able to easily get there so cool. Yeah and I. I was like Oh. Yeah, we have to do this. Question. Like. This is something that is going to be unique to the game and then an analyzing. Say on them about the wind because I can do it all day, but is it had like the matic ties to the island in historical kind of. Poetic, Tian's to you know. The Mongols came in as typhoon sweeps them all out to see and. You know we name the sword the sky storm after that you know him being a storm, a metaphorical storm on the island for for the island, rooting for the island, and then it was like about nature, and then the animals came along, and I, you know it just felt like a bunch of like one of these critical pieces you don't know exists, and then you find it, and you're like that fifth straight there and does and then nearly. Oh, I, think we have a good. I can see the puzzle now so. Cool, it was cool journey. Having having that comes away. It all it feels so true to the world that the team has created in those moments. Because you know, I'm I'm a completion is player like if you give me a list of a thousand things to go collect if you give me, you know like an infamous. Charge to go collect I. Collect all of them, but there's something that I think does speak so much to this world and end you wanting to be invested in that. It is really by pulling everything. Out of the screen that you're looking at and just letting you look at the world you get more familiar with it, and you start to learn more about Oh. Yeah, I've taken that pass before. That leads to that pillar of honor or there's that cemetery over there as you start to. Trek across the land. It really gets you invest in the world in a way that I think just having a list or a neon sign to tell you where to go would. Deliver it in the same way. Yeah, that's great. That's so. That's the goal so I'm glad you had that experience. And I it's one of those things you know that the open world I think speaks so well to what the team really accomplish with this game, but one of the things I was curious about wasn't and I know. We talked about this a little bit, but released, but since we can. Talk to the island as whole, but what was the? I? Guess the poll the. The back and forth poll of wanting to make sure you stay true to the spirit of this real world location, and honor the history and the people that are but also create a world that at the end of the day would be fun to run around or write a horse around in as a game. Yeah and it's a great topic, and it's kind of been the the struggle for and I would say struggle in a creative sense. It's the creative. From from from once, we actually knew we were making Susha and we started doing all this research, and and you learn so much about the island. Like the fact that at that time it was likely to be like ninety five percent covered in dense forest. Which again I told you we tried. We tried very dense forest in. It's just hard to ride a fun horse through tree. Trees it's. Pretty tough. Also, it's incredibly hilly. We went there just like it's just hill after hill after mountain after Mount After Mountain, also challenging to create a interesting layouts in combat spaces in so. So, we worked with our team in Japan. We're like hey, this is how we were planning on You know being inspired by the shape of the islands. It looks very similar to the actual shape, but here's some kind of Ford as we'd like to take or game reasons you know, make the game more fun to to roam around. The landscapes in have layouts that have. Have Cool puzzle climbing challenges, or what have you were interesting missions, and and they were totally for it you know. And they gave us feedback of maybe when we went too far and then they also they know is in a fun way. They gave us feedback of win. Hey, you could go further with us, and so that was. It was a lot of ultimately. We're super inspired by history, and what happened and then the general beauty of greater. The greater nature of Japan as a whole, it's definitely hugely inspiring to us but we also make in a game and a PR and original story and a lot of things that. Have to Challenge it, but work in tandem with it, so it's it's definitely been a challenge I'm in a good way and we learn so much. And I will say the last thing I'll say on that. Is that within Joyon on the environment? Our team myself in the constitution. We talk a lot about like realism. And You know like A. Maybe painted realism, or maybe, how can we do it like a slightly stylized version of that? And and and you know this is not even if you've ever been to Seattle only did infamous. It wasn't really a stone by stone. Kind of recreation. Roads aren't lined up exactly. It's sort of like if you blur your eyes, you're like Oh. Yeah, that's definitely definitely Seattle like it rains. A lot of people drink coffee. PUNK ROCK and grunge music. It's You know the things that are there the spacing? Like the things you would expect, but it's not the like. Let's put a magnifying glass over, and let's get it like perfectly accurate and we take that same philosophy here. We want to feel like that. This is plausibly. Dass what it could feel like. That's what if we could do smell through it. That would we would try to. Feeling into music, we're going for a as a is a is a main heart. Smell will actually be unlocked on the playstation six. Thirty I. Have Rumor, we have an today since three. Hey listeners. We know you love gaming and have excellent taste, so we want to tell you about the official. The last of podcast in the show writer podcasters stand up comedian and huge fan of the. Host Christian Spicer we'll revisit the first game and talk with the people who created that critically acclaimed work hit. Also give you what you've all been waiting for. A behind the scenes look into the last of US part to Christian wanted to crawl into the minds of these visionaries and talents who created this highly anticipated game the podcast. We'll recap the news story. Story and episodes five through eight while also diving deep into the making of the game in the first episode. Christian will talking with Troy Baker and Ashley Johnson also known as Joel and Ellie may land combat designer, Anthony Newman, and the writer and creative director of the last of US Neil Druckman. The whole series is crammed with conversations with developers invoice actors. The official, the last of podcast episode one arrived on June ninth, and they'll be releasing new episodes of this limited series every Tuesday for the following eight weeks available now on Itunes spotify, and all your favorite audio sources, stream, or download the official, the last of his podcast from June ninth. The the combat in this game is awesome, and that's coming from somebody who to be completely transparent. Wasn't crazy about it. At first 'cause my immediate reaction was. There's no lock on. Think what do you mean? There's no lock on like you can't. You can't have a certified again without lock on and as as I grew to. Appreciate. The sort of dynamic happenstance of a dashing between those four stances and. Fighting different types of enemies. In synchronicity while switching and switching back and forth using my sub moves and everything I was like. This is one of my favorite combat systems interview ever But what what? How did how did that decision? Come to not have have lock on? was that was at a debate internally in the studio? Because that's to me, that's one of those things that people just expect from a video game and I found myself not even thinking about it after a few hours in. I. It's definitely debate right like it's A. It was heavily debated and talked about how you know. From all corners of the CEO there was not some like. I mean because it's a it's a standard. There is a standard anytime. You go against the standard. You need to prove it out and. I'm glad we tried something different than you know. As person bloodborne like my favorite game, I like games that allow you to really kind of hone in and focus, and and control that since a control comes, comes with locking, but and you know, and certainly as a samurais sense of control is a huge fantasy so Yeah, man. We talked about it a ton Maybe when it comes to combat, I would say it's in the top three conversations that we had over the entire course of the project while. But I have to give massive. Shout out to you know. One of the studio heads. You know I've found Sucker Punch Christopher. Men he's he's behind the core design, a lot of the combat and he he works out of the code for it, and there's another Guy Ted. Who is awesome designer? And he liked those two brains man. They worked together, and they figured out a way to create something that is first of all feels like you're hitting the person when you do hit them like it's a tandem as animation, so it's not like a hit box based. It's like these. This animation links up to this one. Is I very newbie? Animation Brain. And it's not just like the slash through thing right, and so they feel like you're hitting the person it feels. A goal is a gritty feeling, but it's also incredibly fast paced at times. You know as you get like five or six people around you you can be, you could be like. Changes. In planning, and when you're going to do the smoke bomb, go around the building and do another. Jump down from the top, you know. It's just like a it. Almost like a the style of it is is better with how the walk on. That's kind of the thing that we found over time especially when she became pro at it. And locking on actually with slow down, maybe in some ways and a sense of control will be got out of it instead was things like standoffs in duels, obviously assassinating somebody having that jump on, somebody gives you that, too, but we decided to really push that those moments or mythic abilities I think are. Usually will help take out people pretty quickly. The mythic abilities are interesting because I I think i. I I'm really glad that this game never really went like supernatural despite having the Word Ghost, in the title. There's. There's other there's an alternate version of this game. Were you guys just want preserved and people are summoning dragons and stuff like that. I appreciate that a lot of the crazy stuff that you got away with felt grounded even like the fire sort is ridiculous, but there's like. Oh there's there's sort of like a scientific explanation. Yeah. And then when you start doing some really intense stuff that feels deliberately over the top like dude, get terrified and they starts crawling away like. Is Watching people just straight up running around. Disappear and stuff like that. It's crazy like this is a i. mean even when we pitches his game. This was another heavily debated. Topic is going to be fantasy based or not, and obviously nate and I felt really strongly as well as many other people that we should not make it fantasy base in like high fantasy base because. It really those first of all there's. Several of those games out there already, and they do a wonderful job and I love neo I love sector, Oh, these games are awesome and they lean on that a little bit more as their unique. You know and so. Good. It's smart of us not to do that, but the reason why we didn't do the reason we did was because we were definitely were focusing a little bit more on the Human Story certainly one of the world to feel plausibly real. And you know if you like, I'll take the example. You just threw out there like having people fall in there, but get scared. Scoot away, man if you could just like, pull out a fucking dragon every five minutes. Scares them like I feel like a real challenge to overcome like and so you have to be constrained. So that when we do pull out something that's really incredible or scary or something like that that it actually has wait to it, you know and. I one of the things I do love about our game in might be some of my favorite content, actually mythic missions because. They. A build up the idea that people were legends like they talk about people in their connection to the island. The lightning one is a great example where you know, they burn the black sand, the sands black, which always like wire, the sands black back answer black, and it just bill out as they build up this legend of people that may have come before you, which is Kinda cool because? because. You're kind of building your own legend. To maybe one day, people talk about mythic stories of the ghost You know that humans can do maybe slightly crazy incredible in your living, example of that and people tell tall tales. I think that's cool. I love win. Jin would go around to the stories and people would be like. There's ghosts in the woods and he's like. No, there's not. Watching watching the people run away after a battle, though my favorite things in the game because it's it teeters on like on on like. Comedy, you would find in like vintage Kung Fu movies where somebody would come and kick. A bunch of Bass and one guy would be like away. Runaway ended every single time was I would let him run like maybe like hundreds of feet pull out my arrow. Cruel Man I know you you put it there. You know you gotta sit there, don't. If you give Brian the high ground. He will let them run as far as he wants to. I what I do love going back to the mythic tells them. You know maybe people one day telling the story of the Ghost I. I'm always sort of a sucker for. Stories that are about storytelling to a certain extent, because I do think you get so much of the human nature that we all deal with on a day to day basis of why we tell stories and everything and I I love that that permeates so much of this game, and not just in the quest, but on the on the ques- structure as a whole in this game I think is really unique, but it works really well. Because as Brian was saying earlier, you can go to a house in. Someone's saying Oh. There are nearby. Please help me or someone one of my favorite stories early on one of the side missions I found was. A woman send you to get food from the bandit that stole it from her. And then you bring the food back and she's like. Oh, thanks! I finally have food down. You're like. Wait a second. That wasn't yours to begin with. I just killed all those guys because you can't, there's. There's this. Stark sadness to a lot of the stories that I think really works in this game and I was just curious on like a total storytelling. Horrible 'cause there are moments of levity. You know like everything with Kennedy I think is so great, but how do you you know balance? I think this is a land and a group of people who are under siege. They're under attack by the suppressive force. At the same time. They are living their lives. There's this humanity going on the island. Hugs, what are some of the struggles that come up and try to tell those stories? Yeah, well first of all. When you started telling me, which story were, I was like racking my brain like which? It was so many. I I know it's crazy and I'm gonNA. Play through a bunch probably that I've played through in a long time, I play retail, but. You know It's balanced because you don't want it to be this like we did not want our game to be this like heavy thing that was constantly hitting you over the head with a that was just not what we wanted for this particular game. Think anybody really goes from bad particularly. I think they're always in goal, but but in it's hard, though because invasion and you wanna see desperation, and you WanNa see like these people have struggles. And frankly you know we want to. You know it's not always like dude. Go kill things, and so you WanNa hear you know people having. Their kids, or this or that like our parents like I. Don't know you just want to hear something that sounds like these people are struggling a little bit. But you know the when it comes to the writing and those stories, most of the stories do most of them do exist to try and reflect at the world has been in invaded, invaded place and. For people that are like these allies, and you engage with those those will get a little bit more in depth than traveling of their story, and for these little small one off encounters. Just say look even even the hasn't class is affected greatly by this and hopefully feel a sense of remorse for them or sadness for them, maybe a sense of duty that why you're doing this stuff, but as for the tone of it. I genuinely like a somber tone in general, I think Sambre is is not dark. Sombre is not grotesque. Sambas is just like a like A. Light sadness to things and I felt like that light sadness in a world that is so incredibly. Beautiful is kind of a nice. Balance and I think we look at it now that way and to some extent. That's a really good way putting now that now that you say that. It makes perfect sense because. You have all these incredible like you know. There's Fox's in this you know. Like. Rainstorms the beautiful trees and yellow leaves, but then you go, do these side quests on. You're like Oh. Wow, that was. Your family died and you can save them and you're like damn. That hit me hard that one. Particularly, there was one side quest for like now I know, too. Hard that one's talents so hard and You know there that one people on on the team who? Created that one, and then like you know as we get through the Polish face like Alan, somebody went through and added a bunch of extra work to that one for animation, and like kneeling down, and you know I you know in from liking that mission to really like connecting with more, and this is a small thing right like this is not a. Two hour long you know big big mission. It's very straightforward and simple cement to just reflects the tone of the world, a little bit and Alan Dow was one of the ones that, even though it's a small moment in your entire through I think improved a lot of the last course of the project I'm glad it exists. That's awesome. Yeah, I I, don't even know if I necessarily have a question about it, but I'm just curious to hear more about the the construction of the the site quests when it comes to the side tails when it comes to those the supporting cast that you get because I do I do think one of my favorite things. Throughout sucker punches, history has been that there is of course he usually a pretty great main character, but also this really great supporting cast as well, and you know going back to sign infamous now with ghost. I loved finding out more about Yuna and lady Moscow and just everyone at the pace that you want to in the world. And that balance I guess my question is because I. do think that's some of my favorite story. Telling him the Games in the game comes from those lines. How do you balance having this stuff? Be Optional I guess if you if a player just wants to go through the main story, but also encouraged people to want to keep going back and revisit these stories in these characters. Yeah Yeah! It's a question you know we From I is long as I can remember. I think I, think earliest pitches of the game we talked about. How we really wanted to create sort of this. Anthology of short stories. know these little little side branches off the main trunk. You know that you could. You'RE GONNA. You'RE GONNA get invited to them on the main truck main story. You'RE GONNA. Get invited them and maybe even once or twice in an engaged with them, but it's up to you hopefully, engaging enough for that story relates to you. It's up to you to kind of go. Finish out the rest of that branch, and we do a lot of stuff like we try to reward you for doing these things but I find that those things are They're good and I'm super glad. Glad reward you in different ways for playing these, but I find that the beauty of those those allies missions. If you will Masako. Norio characters is that they're just they're. They're far more developed in terms of like there are like what they need out of the world in their stories are interesting, and and they all have a different perspective on you and life, and you know in an what I what I think is kind of cool about creating a world like this is that you have to be okay with having content that exists. You're not forced to play. And you have to embrace that you have to because that. That is what makes it joyful when you go on your own ambition to go through it. It's not that you were told to go. Do it was in the Golden Path? And there were versions of the game earlier that a lot of these characters stories were more interconnected to Go Path. Through play, testing and feedback in her own kind of iteration process. We ended up where they are. Which I think is the right spot. which is you introduce them and then? Over your curiosity, we can push them push. You can go enjoy them your own Yossi, and there. Some of them are five or six missions long. And I think that's the right model, but it takes some iteration to get to that that that's spot for us. Even having late in the game the I think it's two missions for Eureka that pop up after you've revisited home. Just was such a such a Gut Punch. In the midst of as Jin, story is starting to come, full circle meant to have this exploration both more into him, but also into her life It's it was like as you were saying I, it felt so much more rewarding because I, saw it out that story within the. Yeah I think that that's A. It's not an easy philosophy to hold you now. as a director or as a contributor designer artist, because it means that somebody is going to get a bunch of people, not GonNa, play your mission bench people are not going to see your artwork, and and it's really hard to like talk about that because I want everyone to who worked on this game at Sakkara Punch to just like the super proud of it and love every moment that they cred tributed, too, but that's one where it's like. Yeah, but your thing is optional, and I can really bad, but it. In these cases it is for the for a greater feeling that. The people that will engage with it will probably tear out will probably love or be maybe even their favor mission of the game, even not the golden path I gave might be their favorite moment in the game nest. Because you, you let them engage it at their own will in. That's A. that's a hard philosophy to to. kind of stomach, but I think it's I. think it's a really healthy one for the type of game that ghost is. It absolutely plays into who I I think. My favorite thing about the game. Is that Me In the act of playing the game, so has to the game halfway in a presents all of these options, but I have to go exploring too, and I feel encouraged and want to explore and of my favorite times playing have just been putting a dot on the map letting the wind guy. A thousand kilometers, and if I if something stops me, stop if it doesn't I just keep going until something else. Interest me awesome. It's a calming experience which I don't often say I think about games at the moment. That's exactly how I played, too I would just put a marker somewhere completely random very far from me and just go there and see what I ran into along the what along the way with stories popped up which new characters I would meet, that would show me points of interest and stuff like that. and I think that that loop was really smart in terms of having sort of random gangs of bad guys. Patrolling the land and you'd run into them, and they'd have somebody kidnapped, and you'd rescue that person and that person would tell you another place to go. It felt like you're constantly pulling on these little threads. and I loved that so much was did that did that all take awhile to come together? Like outside of the wind is sort of the way the. The optional stuff and the sort of like randomize character you know excursions and stuff all interconnect. How how was it bringing all that stuff together to create the flow that you guys ended up with? The I I you both sound like you've played it exactly the way that I would recommend somebody to play, which is like hey, you know every now and then just throw down and go that direction and see what you find, and and if you don't find some great than go to your Golden, Pastora that's awesome, but try it, and because it's. In this is true for even when we're doing play testing that we did find that that was some of the ways that people would enjoy the game the most which is awesome. will you're talking about that? Like the ecosystem imbalance of people who tell you where stuff is in? How many patrols are there that stuff I'll tell you? We tweak that probably. Maybe until weeks before gold I think. Exactly the number on no top ahead, but is very late. We tweak those numbers because. because the sense of owning the curiosity, and like not having everything told you. was so important to the global feeling of enjoying just like exploring throughout the world, and as soon as you're told, were too much. Stuff is or too many things around your map. It becomes a different problem like you're kind of you either you either go into. Let's just go through the checklist which. Is Fine I think if you found them on your own but can be exhausting for some people because they're like Oh God. There's a ton of stuff to do, or it's kind of a turn off because you already know what it is, and you don't think of anything else over there, but they're actually might be if you if you actually went look, so we actually ramped down the people that the amount of people that would tell you where things were quite a bit. It used to be far more. part of the emergent processes I've almost everybody who talked to tell you. Something is, and it would put a thing on your map and We found that to be Super Smart System, and I'm so glad that we have it, but we put it in a very specific way in a very specific amount of things on the map total. Total that it would ever tell you about so that you still had your cool moment of like i. don't see anything over here on this. I'm going to head that way and finds things along the way now balance. It's really it's really tricky. Because again it goes up to that thing. I was talking about early. Enough loss of being okay with things being skipped and. That if you don't want to be so much that you don't have any information, that would be bad too right so it it is takes time to to work out, but the team did that. No, no a healthy fund way but I think even when you like clear. Mongol, Camp and Clears up a little bit. You still get a question mark. It's not even like yours, a hotel or something like that. And it's sort of it to me. It fell It felt like A. SORT, of natural to the universe that you guys were setting your game in this is this is like a long time ago. There is those no yelp. There's no google. So it seemed natural that you'd find a random person on the street and be like Oh. Thank you so much. There's this awesome restaurants. You should go check it out. Right I really doug. That I played a ton of the game in Kerr. Asala Mode Oh cool and that was. It was really it was really difficult for me. 'cause you made such beautiful game central? And I think it's I think it's. Beautiful in a different way in Curacao mode. But there was just something so special about about like heading into conflict or a story be or coming into a new environment. or it's all black and white, and there's that film green crackling, and a I read that you guys even did some stuff with the music to make it feel almost like it was coming through old speakers or something like that. Yeah, how how how how did how did you develop that? I I know. That's like obviously. It's something that you're studios. Really proud of especially since you've got endorsement from the family. It was a that was A. That was a I. I probably will put that in my top list of my entire career as like being apart process because. I mean it's just. It's just why just kind of a wild thing that you don't go into making video games because you expect to go through that process one day, yeah. which is probably why it's cool is that it's different. You know, but. The. We knew that we WANNA. Do Black and white mode I mean I think i. I don't remember when we first talked about it, but it was definitely really early Redo black and white vote, but again it got kind of pushed towards the end of the project, and then once things started to. You know you can sit in the world and you could be like. Oh, my goddess stunning! It's really a beautiful I feel I. Do feel like I'm. There's moments of this I feel like movie. It's coming. It's coming together. And, then we're like okay well. We definitely have that mode. Let's are planning for it. And an I got version of it in that was a very early version of it with a sliding team and Like what do we call this thing? and You Owe Samurai cinema or classic. Why can Wyatt our traditional La just things? You know cool cool names. And member WHO's I may was Brian Studio head. I don't remember somebody was like. When we see if we can call it, Chris Allen Mode. And I thought that was brilliant and I was like. Yes, can we? What was that process so I reached out to. One of the people that I think he deserves a special shout at his name as a relay Katami. He's on our Japanese producer. He's a helped us since the very almost since the very beginning, and he helps coordinate all of our feedback through Japan, and said Hey, you hey, who's now a dear friend of mine. I was like. Is this possible. Could you look this up? And he and the Japanese team reached out to their to their state across our state and worked out You know. They wanted to see video so I. Put together a video, and then I redid it like three times because enough. People on time video, but I was like Austin. Even Brian Our leauge rendering Guy Jasmine. He was not good. No. Though I kinda Redid it a couple of times and then eventually Is this. Is it I? I looked at so many movies measured the black and white. You know in our game. You know as you both played it. Daytime Times. There's indoor's whether there's rain. There's fog and so like you have to look at movies that have all of these things you can't just be like. Here's a movie. Here's a sample. It's the black. Man Like you gotTa. Look at all these because they exist in our game and it's a filter that'd be going over all of these and so I finally got to the point where I was, I had good black levels. White levels has cool noise. We sent them a video and and It took a little bit of time back and forth, but eventually we're like asses cooling reach an agreement. They were cool with it so. Yeah it was a it was a coup processing showed up. Is Mode teams all shit? It's called. Is it was pretty cool goal process. It has a dream come true. It's so awesome on a historical level. Because obviously you're seeing the game through its you know from the reveal trailer to now there's clearly a love and Joe Majd to the cinema and the storytelling that come in the John Mara, before it, and so to have that encapsulated as a mood that you can jump into starting to such a great I. Think like touchtone full circle thing as a fan of genres well. Also I mean the. The audio! From from like A. A gigantic Blue Tang Fan. It's it sounded like like RISI's sampling. VHS, tapes of sword slashes, and like there were moments. Paint that game and I was like I expect like method man rapid right now because. If anyone was intended, but that sort of got me on a very very like neural level I was like Oh my God like this is. This is quietly the best. Wu Tang game ever made since. The fighting gave. The quote somewhere I feel. That's. But. Our audio director Brad he that's all him he was like. I have an idea that guy's a wizard, so that usually meant something cool and he. It was like we have this special thing that we developed internally at Sony that replicates old processes from like you know fifty sixty s something like that radios and TV's and and And and he he kind of took that filtered it and figured out the right 'cause he was like. If you do too much over, you know, we wanted people to play lengthy amount of times and if they wanted to the Chrysanthemum. View too much, and it becomes incredibly fatiguing. Like, not watching move hours possibly thirty hours. You know so. You got a nice balance between that and something that you can you know Listen to over and over again? I- legitimated Curacao Mode for Poly Twenty five thirty hours and I think that I like maybe fifty sixty into the game. So how yeah! That's incredible. Yeah, along along with that and to me. It was surreal to play an open world game almost entirely in black and white. That was just I've never done anything like that before and. It was such a cool. It was such a cool experience. One of the challenges with eggs I would add is like since it's black and white. There's there's missions that use color as guiding, and so there are. There are a few missions of. It really struggles with, but for the most part we redesigned icons on the map so that it would work with answer, so you're not just looking at two icons ones. This color ones that color and we just changed the icon Lopate, but but yeah it, it's it's generally speaking. You can play through most of the game with it, which is just crazy. Yeah I think there was one mission where they're like find. The purple flowers was like Oh! I was to right back on, so that was good. Leads to so many great visual moments, and as you were saying I know we're running short on time I. don't want believe the too much, but I, genuinely really loved, and as pointing to earlier the the soundtrack and the way both game uses it. It comes in from quiet to loud, but also how the score changes both from the combat setting to the open world setting you know. Moments I would say not settings, but. That Jackson position as well as even on the side, the remixes that were coming out sort of in the lead up to the Games launch. There's so much great musicality and artistry. Bear that I think really. Elevate, so much of what's going on there on visual rebel to a works so well in tandem. You know there is no single discipline that contributes more to the game. The music like a known this case we have to composers, a team of people that obviously help implemented like their artistry is like. White just level things up so much like a scene without music in a scene with music. There's a world of difference in generally speaking I know it's not one contributor. There's quite a few people that make it happen. Processing and implementation, but it's insane. What music can do in for this game? It's it's. It's one of the best parts of the Game I. Think is the the the artistry behind the music in the soulful fullness in is is really I listened to it a lot. I love and then we tokens the glitch mob. Which is just? RIDICULOUSLY COOL! Yeah, it's an awesome combination i. do think as you were saying. It elevates so many great moments, but really. A drills home like the emotional undercurrent of everything that's going on in the game. Unfortunately. We're pretty much out of time. I think Brandon I could keep talking there so much. We love and really enjoyed about the experience and are continuing to enjoy. Time in this world, so Jason Thank you so much for taking time. We really appreciate it. SUPERFUND and thank thank you to your studio for. bookending this entire console generation with my favorite games. I I don't know if that was ever the plan, but the way that
What Are You Plaing
"Let's begin with. We've been playing and I. Think we're all playing. Go Sashimi. Now. Justin. You started it. Seemed to have lost. Yeah, did start it I really like it, I'm the art direction that game. Gone. Back will not allow you back in my here. Realize yeah. I'm having a few Internet troubles today, so bear with me, please yeah I am playing ghosts That game is beautiful. My two favorite things are. Are Composing the high coups I think is really good, and and actually really like reflecting in the in the hot springs as well where it's like do I. WanNa reflect on my father or my uncle in the provides my character motivation to go out and Chop Mongols heads off. It's a very you saying this last week. Damon it's vague video. Gamey game It's very. It's not really you're exactly right about the last of us. It's not really each trying to break now to do a bunch of crazy new stuff, just trying to be a fun open world game feels like a game that sort of plucked from twenty fourteen, and dropped into twenty twenty, but with twenty twenty lake sorta visuals graphics. Yeah. I think that's accurate. I think could talk. You had an article yesterday where? They showed the Haiku that they wrote in their game to a real Haiku writer and they were not impressed. No! Yeah I misinterpreted that system by the way because I initially thought that. If you picked one sentence, it would, it would give you like it's totally separate option to trickle down towards that effect, and I just mess it up, and I ended up creating like a random Haiku by the end of were totally did not track with the system I thought it would be, but it was still a lovely by the end of it I thought. I were uses the game engine to like show. You something really beautiful. The like you just realize like how amazing that open world as you can see like. Oh, they set the time of day. They set the light right. And then it's like this trickling stream of water, and then like the sunset, and then like relieves rustling. The trees like those are just like open world shots. They're using their that. You just chose in real time. It's amazing. That's like one of the best examples of how you kill that world can be. Yeah, so I've been playing for like two weeks. I'm still I'm still enact one. So I don't know I. It's just a really really big game where. Sam where you guys. Also still enact one. The map is huge, and it gets bigger apparently, so yeah, there's a lot of game in this game. Yet I'm and three. Out Don't the. One like really obsessed with uncovering the map so I've been doing that a lot and then I like kind of go through the main class, but been playing so much I got this thing recently, which is really frustrating, it's it's a thing that you have to. Basically chain kills with. You cannot get hit, so it's like you. Could you know kill three enemies? Enemies, and then five minutes later killed four more enemies, or whatever, and then it's changed. You get to use this ability, but that's like the one thing that if you just slight interruption from like an Arrow off screen, our dog, biting your or whatever it screws it up, and for some reason, it's like all I think about now and so I have to like. Assessing over it, and and it doesn't even give that big of a reward, but it's something that really changed the way implying recently, which is funny, also manage the game. The way of playing is i. got the kick and the kickoff. Is You just kicked? Off like this and I love that so much. Yeah that's the best Are there a total of three acts or they're more? Castle Vania. It's like you do do do do do do do and then there's the boss, and then there's the next castle castle. And an are, they asked about similar length seemed like. Yeah and they're similar area sizes to the second man when you could just the second one like I was like I'll take some time to see like. How different can they make these maps 'cause? There's the first ones really varied. There's just a lot of environments in beauty to be had just wrote across it, and it took me thirty minutes. The second hour, That's off. It's crazy. Yeah, it's really really cool just to go out and explore. Yeah I love it. It's you know I like I said even though I've been playing for two weeks. Act One, but it might end up being my favorite game of the year so far so now mind, I'm having I'm having a the conversation A. Comparing it to the last great open world game that I played which is assassin's creed Odyssey, and I'm like well I don't know. I don't know which one I. Like better right now. I think. They both have really really beautiful world. I liked how you're traveling the season going to different islands on sesame street odyssey stealth mechanics are much more involved so i. don't know we'll see how it shakes out there. Then the other game I keep comparing it to my mind is breath of the wild because I really wish ghosts of Sashimi had a hang glider.
What are the best hemp oil benefits?
"Dr CASS Ingram, the head boil. Miracle is one of his books The power of raw Whole food, hemp. Oh, you're better health, Dr CASS Ingram. If you wouldn't mind. You haven't done this in a while and we love when you do this, If you could go back to ancient times and how this plant has been used routinely because you write about it in this magnificent little book, the hemp oil Miracle. And you and you write about the history of hamper. I mean, we've We have many of us had no clue that this was used. For for eons of thousands and thousands of years. Well, you have this Neolithic carvings or painting for about 10,000 BC, where that shows that they were farming hemp and using it as a drug. And the ancient Chinese were using the seed and the plant medicinal, of course. You had the Turks about 10,000 BC. The Mongols Who were raising the seed and using that as a gruel for sick people to get them to recover. It had so much nutrition You have your synth Ian's about 1800 BC five RBC who used to take the more him the more cannabis type him the more more marijuana type, and they would They would. They would throw it on hot rock to then go into a wild frenzy dance as they inhaled the fumes. So, obviously that That was powerful in the time before we hyper dies that manipulated his kind of messed up. And you have, of course, the Islamic on the Greeks who made a anaesthetic from opium or running from him would be almost like the hashish type. And that anesthetic they used for surgery. They weren't getting high on it or something they used. It is a drug to sedate people. They couldn't feel the knife. Feel the surgical I mean, then you had the Indian people who used it as a therapeutic aid, But they would also kind of get a little bit hallucinatory. They would overused it on purpose. They would put it in men's milk. They called it With other spices. But mainly, they used it. Medicinal e ru vedek use such that the British positions. You know, they conquered India right? They found the Indians using that they began doing clinical studies. On him back in about 18 40 that cannabis indica in every doctor's bag back about 18 82 1930 till it got banned. They even banned the drug, right so What kind of hand did not? Yes. So what is hemp Oil? Make the distinction for us, Please. You have hemp oil either from marijuana, or you have it from him Industrial hemp, and what That is, is the resident. The resins and the cannabinoids. Turpin's All the different aromatic compounds you're taking. The oil fraction out of the plant. Now that could could be done by so cannon and alcohol. You could soak it in. Although there's a fatty Fatty layer or fatty component's and it's not the seed. Forget the seat. You compress the seed and make an oil. That's different. This is the plan itself with flour. It could be done with hex ain. This is common now. Beauty and gas, propane gas. And other petro chemicals. You used those to extract out the oil phase or go to which is carbon dioxide, which is harmless, But it's the best one do. That's kind of how it's done.
Ghost of Tsushima Has People Excited
"Happened. Today was playstation should their state of play on ghost of Sushi MMA And I think I said that correctly and if I didn't marry sorry but so the game you are unfamiliar on Sushi. My Island in twelve seventy four The game revolves around one of the last Samurai Jin sky. During the first Mongol invasion of Japan the Mongol Empire Empire has conquered and devastated many countries and Sushi. Bach have to pause and like. How do I pronounce? This is the final obstacle between the mainland Japan and the huge Mongol invasion fleet. Jen is one of the few survivors of clan. Has World is shattered and he faces a difficult decision to continue fighting the way he was trained or unconventional means. He's resolved to do whatever it takes to Liberate Samoa. General have to master a new fighting style the way of the ghost to defeat the Mongol Empire and fight for the freedom and independence of Japan although they had over the course of this roughly twenty minutes that they had on the state of play. They covered multiple topics. That will go over individually all a small for you here now. We'll dive deeper into each. So they covered exploration they covered combat. Which is two styles? Samurai ghost there was customers character. Customisation photo mode The fact that there's a really awesome Japanese soundtrack not soundtrack voice tracks what it meant to say and then Samurai cinema
An insight into Kamala Harris, a potential VP for Biden
"I am Jonathan Kaye. Part AND WELCOME TO CAPE UP. Long before people started swooning over Congressman. Val demings of Florida as a possible vice president. Joe Biden folks. We're talking about senator. Kamla Harris California back in January twenty nineteen few weeks before Harris announced her own since disbanded presidential campaign. I sat with her in front of a live audience at George Washington University for the kickoff tour. For her the truth we hold because Harris's book is a memoir. Our conversation was heavy on stories about parents upbringing and her career. There's no better way to get to know this possible vice president than listening right now. Senator Harris thank you very much for for being here for choosing Washington to be the kickoff of your book tour and or actually to be correct books tour and as we see the truths we hold an American journey and then also superheroes are everywhere. I'm going to focus on the truths we hold k. And I'm going to focus on something that happens before even page one and I want to clear it up. Okay for anyone who might have done this or still doing this. Despite hearing it said correctly the first time pronounce your name Carmela so just think of like the punctuation Mark Comma and that Adalah and there you got and so then what does communism mean then. So it's a very traditional classic Indian name and it derives from Sanskrit and it's it means the lotus flower and so it's very prevalent and a lot of Asian cultures and the idea the symbolism. Is that the Lotus flowers sits on water but it never really gets wet. The water beats off of it and so the idea being that one can be in the midst of chaos or be in the midst of something happening and and be there and should be there and it doesn't necessarily need to penetrate you but one should be there and equally important Its roots are in the mud meaning. It is grounded and and one must always know where they come from and can still be this thing now. I need you to pronounce another name for me for the life of me. I just I couldn't do it. And that is the name of your mother Shammala. So the why is silent Shama Sharmila what was really Shamlan? Go Gopala tell us about your mom. Caller Mommy Mommy. We always called her. Mommy I am not embarrassed to say she is mommy and She is in many ways. The reason I wrote the book my sister my is here My Mother's one of her best friends from college is here. Lenore POMERANZ I write about in the book and my mother was a force of nature. A drill force of nature. She is someone who all five feet of her. If you met her after you walked away you would have thought she was seven Tom. My mother was a truth teller. She spoke the truth. She was probably the smartest toughest and most loving person I've ever known. She raised her daughters with a belief that we could do and be anything. She taught us that. Don't let people tell you who you are and you tell them who you are. She was a scientist. Breast cancer researcher should goals in her life to end breast cancer and raise her two daughters and she would take us to the lab with her at go after school on the weekends and being around scientists one of the things that I realize now early in my life I learned was that one should see what can be unburdened by what has been because that is science is about. It's the pursuit of those things that will improve the condition of life. That will solve problems. That will make things better. And that's why I'm naturally attracted to also anything that is about innovation understanding that innovation. We do it not because we're bored with things the way they've been but because we should always be in pursuit of being more efficient more effective more relevant and and that's what she is and was your father. Donald Harris also an immigrant born born in Jamaica. Yeah an economics professor at Stanford. And let's David. Mind comes from some BRAINIAC parents. Your mom got her. He H D. The year you were born does put that out there so now your dad comes to the United States from Jamaica. Yeah my father was equally brilliant. And is he was a national scholar and Jamaica. He earned his way and up in out and came to the United States into Berkeley to study economics and My parents met when they were active in the civil rights movement. And it's an interesting story because as you know my mother graduated college when she was nineteen and did and so she so she said to my grandfather who was one of the freedom fighters in India for India's independence and my mother was the eldest of four children. She was the oldest at at a girl obviously and she said to my grandparents. She wanted to study science and she wanted to go to what was considered to be one of the best schools and that was UC Berkeley and my grandparents looked at her and said okay. We will put you on a plane and you can go to a place. You've never been at nineteen years old. This was in nineteen fifty nine. So this young this girl. This young woman got on a plane encouraged by her parents to go and pursue her dream now. The back story is also that it was fully expected she would get that degree and go back and have a good arranged marriage but of course my mother having been raised and being who she was just naturally she when she got to Berkeley was immediately attracted to the civil rights movement. Why do you defend? That's where she met. My father was and but I want to say she met my father and decided to have a love marriage and a marriage based on love which I believe is the ultimate act of optimism. The the question that I interrupted. You're you're Satan with. Why do you think she was so attracted to the civil rights movement she was raised growing up? Would go back to India like every other year and And so I know the family from that that that raised her because they helped raise us and it was always about fighting for independence was about finding justice. It was about fighting to make sure that all people had a say in their future in their government an equal say and that was that was in her blood and of course that's what the civil rights movement was about and the free speech movement and and there are some funny stories. I was just sharing with something backstage. You know so I witness I right about in the book you know from my strollers. I view and there's a a funny family story about how some mothers marching with the extended family. I talk about like aunt Mary and Uncle Freddie and the book and she would tell the story about. How DO THEY MARTIN? And this is back when strollers didn't really have armrest seatbelts. Martin Away and you know shouting and and all of that and then I think Mongol Freddie a look down in the stroller which was empty followed up. My mother tells funny story like one day. She was fussing and and you know so much cuter when she would tell the story but she'd say so then she would look down at me and come on. What do you want? What do you want and I look back up in a said fleet on so glad that story. I wanted to hear you safe. We how I wanted to talk about your your father economics professor Stanford they meet atmospherically. Had you and my And you love going to the park and your mom would correct me. If I'm wrong would put limits on you in terms of how far you go. Whatever and your dad would say to you. Run RUN COM run. That's right he would say. Do not be afraid. Let her go let her go. Let her run. You run as fast as you. Can you run as far as you want and I believe that his whole purpose was to say. Do not be afraid and be
In the shadow of mothers Anne Enright
"Thank you so much for writing such an incredible book. I thought was really interesting. How the book was sent. Just you know it really does pass the test when it comes to two women talking to each other about things and so you also involved in the pen. International Women's Manifesto. Do you did you when you came to thinking about writing this book was. It was a thing where you're like. I want to tell women's stories in interesting ways or was it kind of just like I'm interested in these characters and I mean I've always written about women. It was actually my last book. The Green Road that to pretty central male characters is. It just never occurred me before. I think it was really good. Fun Rushing Man I. Oh Oh yeah. I can see why people might want to do this. But I more or less human beings amend their female. Because that's what I know bests I Yeah I've I've done a man to work on gender in publishing and reviewing and I keep obgyn BG on Alaskan. I'm quite an advocacy. Abbas my political life. It's not really my creative life. Yeah just swimming. Martin a book. That doesn't really figure just stuff that I need to put together. I find the figure of Del. She's an actress. Goes through from the forties rush up to the nineteen hundred s She's Big Irish figure. I actually thought was at least three things for me in terms of telling stories And how we tell stories and also in terms of Arlanda base with what that was I don't know why I put it from the point of view the daughter it seems to be the natural way to go is interested in glamour. And I think that glamour is kind of impart its idealization which children off their mothers very much but also the glamour contains little hint of loss. You know when something is glamorous. It's already nostalgic or it's already receding from you. That was a really good moment for a daughter to have a better mother so she has this big famous mother and of course. She's everything to to daughter as well. So there's those two things went together very well and I loved. It was told from the spectrum because it kind of the fact that she was completely unknowable. In some way and there was this privacy almost even in an intimate relationship. The daughter goes through to the first half of the book is almost like a memory and she tells you exactly where her mother was and what she did and all the rest. I like a lot of members. You're somehow there's a lot of color and detail an interest curiosity but some. I haven't got the key to the person or the key. In this case to want the person ends up doing because The mother the actress the star ends up shooting a a small town producer in the fish. I found it really interesting to the way. Describe the you played at Trinity Day. Do Waving into the book or research around. I wanted to raise it book for years. And I've been looking for good books for for for decades because I just loved the kind of hopefulness of the slight toll. Dryness of the high shambolic backstage is and how what the difference between backstage than going on under the lights is like and I did a digital native a small amount of acting when I was in my early twenties I'm at one stage. I had considered working out as a career but as unemployed as every other actor was and Oakland at the time which is pretty standard Unemployment rate of ninety five percents in the profession. But anyway I decided that it was a bit of a mugs game and I turned to rushing instead deafening fit higher percentage of my team. Maybe you're always employed advising earning anything but you and most people aren't but you're busy that makes sense so you're a professor of fiction. How does that affect the way you right now? Do you think it's changed because you'll teaching as well? Does she feed off students? Does it change the way you think about writing or is it kind of very separate fee? Yeah I teach creative writing a new C. D. I really enjoy it. I love the freshness of the page and the fact that it isn't finished yet the feeling that I am seeing seeing people's work shift with in a noble way when they bring us into an Ma and they start passing durant and they suddenly start seeing. What they're doing. There's all makes sense It's very steep learning curve for people. It's quite anxious anxiety provoking i. It's a big moment for them and I like being there Around US energy. I don't necessarily take anything to my own process as the Americans. You don't necessarily take take anything to to might to the desk from the classroom except Thou sense that this is what you're it's like. This is the air you breathe is high sentences are made where you put your common making all the difference. Hi can hinge a story or a book on on on high. Turn on a dime. I can build it slowly. I mean when you're in a book your inside it doesn't change on book eleven. You're inside you don't quite know what it is and I suppose there's a time when you start to look at. Yeah now I know now I know that is. That's glorious when that happens as we go to really good fun. Did you find the price of this book? I'm any different to the other. Books is kind of book. Very Different Orgy. Feel like you. You have a new well. Every book is the saying in us. I spend an enormous amount of time. Not Getting anywhere and slightly in despair rewriting and rewriting and rewriting. What feels like the wrong paragraph and that was on sometimes for our moms or is always goes on from him so I mean let's be frank and then I realized that have been growing the book that I've been solving other problems off the page. So there is a time for quite. There's a tipping point where you're actually. It's actually moving at takes about nuts about a year in for me and then another year in I get the gasses. I know where I know what the whole thing is going to be now. I'm a really foolish hopeful about. I'M A. I'm a great food at the desk because I don't know where I'm going. I start to book so it's up to mistake. Obviously somehow it works the must be some sense there but of an ending or where. It's going I'M I. I had the the episode that the the the mother choosing the producer in the foot and I must have had an more of motivation and history there as well but I just didn't know what was going along the way and have such an easy life if I could just make up my mind and say okay. This is a book in three parts and it takes place in three days and you know wakes up at five. Am and it ends at twelve midnight on Thursday. And here's what happens and then I just go type type type type but the problem. I think books that are too preplanned that there are. There are bits finished. There'd be dead on the page. You like something that's making itself up as it goes along. Yeah don't be seduced by parameters. Well no yeah I mean. People get all their ducks in a row. You've got a ROLODEX. There's no medicine today. Wouldn't ducks I like that. Tell me a little bit about how you think. Maybe people responding island to your writing as opposed to to anywhere else. Do you see a difference in. This book is so much you know a lot of set an island but it's also features. This character is to say that she was born in England and yes very much sees herself as Irish and being Irish is is almost a performance live aspects of her in some ways. Yes tell me about that. How did you feel about the perception of Irishness? Yeah well it was really interested in in this. Mongrel troy of the actors in the forties. There were actually came back from London. Dublin and the moines trying the countryside's To bringing Shakespeare to the small towns and and and then aren't the wonderful the way they show up at the stage when when Romeo kinks Julius is dead or whatever. I'm there's likely patronizing but they galvanized these small towns. People really remember the mirror very important they were real interesting and different to the texture normal Moore life which doses quite impoverished knitted during the wars. Anyway I love these guys It's been like Shakespeare while at the The they worked in India as well but the so they were kind of colonial remnants in a way but they weren't entirely English or Irish or anything. It was hard to identify. There was a guy called me home. Mclemore who has ended up finding Gate Piers Hilton Edwards and they were the only game in Ireland for for decades. They were a couple of never knew there. Were a couple in here so that was fine. So that's already really interesting. The meal mclemore. Who had apart from anything else Beautiful Beautiful Irish Gaelic. Irish was born in Winston and he made himself up. At what point did he change? I am he came to I. I'd have to look it up again. Became young to Ireland and decided he was going. He was called Mike Williams. I thank our Williams and he turned it into Macklemore and he spoke like that has an Irish theatre voice in which he did wonderful renditions and people didn't find him out. I guess we've got the Internet now. You will be able to so there. Was this gay couple and his sister married on your McMaster. Who's in my book? And they went around. I didn't I didn't. This is all history outside of the book and they went around the country so anything is possible. They might have been straight. You know that might be another kind of Mongol identity that they weren't they were. They were between borders between countries and between identities and they were actors. And that's what they were supposed to be.
Boris Johnson's £5billion bus and bike boost to improve bus services and cycle lanes
"Time now to review the morning newspapers newspapers. And I enjoined to do exactly that by Mongols Kaleta Rebelo who is right here in the studio we all starting. I believe with the Times. Yes we are starting at times in London. A headline about is about this. Five billion pound fun to transform towns in this boost for cycling and bus travel. Well now this is of course emphasise outside of London in England to try to go ahead with this plan that it's being described as many Holland's. It's one of those where I live in London. Yes this is trying to bring exactly what we have in London beyond its relations because it means as I understand that neither pedestrians nor motorist ever understand anymore which is pavement in. Which is the road which does make your stroll to the shops really exciting? It's all about giving you a challenge every morning Andrea but you know what's interesting about this is We're talking about over two hundred fifty miles of new Segregated Cycle Michael Lanes that are going to be built across England under this new government. Plan council's will receive a share of one billion a year One billion pounds a year fun to improve local transport connections outside of London and what is basically entails. Is You know as I mentioned. Segregated cycle lanes traffic calming infrastructures. access only streets for cars and also restrictions on heavy goods vehicles. And where Dakin Go it also accounts for the introduction of pocket parks which are parks in usually What would have been a parking space space and is taken over by the roadside also helping to kind of Separate where pedestrians are where cyclists are and then where cars should should be the the traffic calming measures. Does it say include measures like the exciting fake three D painted pedestrian crossing not very far from this building which no oncoming motorists sexually understands pedestrian crossing. Which is why very nearly get run over coming and going every day? I'll give it to you. That's a very confusing crosswell. It's really not the