2 Episode results for "Maria Eva Duarte"

Politicians: Eva Pern

Encyclopedia Womannica

05:37 min | 11 months ago

Politicians: Eva Pern

"We have a quick announcement. You can get paid to share Manteca with your friends and family. One of the best ways to support this show is to share it. So we want to pay you to do that as a thank you get five bucks for every five friends you refer to Manteca, up to one hundred dollars, all you have to do is sign up to get your unique referral link then share it out think email text, facebook groups. However, you want to do it and tell people why they should check out the show. Look for the link to sign up in today's episode or go to wonder. Media Network Dot com slash share you have from now to the end of October turf as many friends as you want and make some money, it could be the easiest hundred bucks you make all year and you'll be supporting encyclopedia. Will Manteca along the way? Go to, wonder media network DOT com slash. Share. Hello from Wonder Media Network I'm Jenny Kaplan, and this is encyclopedia. Will Manica today's political figure became emblematic of a political movement in Argentina? In her short life chief a saint like status and was so powerful an icon that long after her death, her final resting place remained a subject of fierce debate. Let's talk about if Perron. If, it was born Maria Eva Duarte in nineteen nineteen in Los Toldo's Argentina. If his mother and father were never married in fact, Avis father was married to someone else and had a whole other family eva's mother was his mistress. Still if it was the youngest of their four children to to the `illegitimate' status of the relationship, the family was very poor when evo was six, her father died leaving the family in an even more precarious position. To make ends meet if his mother took in boarders and worked odd jobs when EVA was fifteen, she traveled to Buenos Irs to pursue an acting career. She found success doing radio shows including one in which she portrayed famous women throughout history like Elizabeth I and Catherine. The Great, a sort of dramatized encyclopedia Manica if you will. When it was in her mid twenty s she met a rising star in the Argentinian government colonel Juan Perron. The two were married nineteen forty-five later, that same year, a military coup of rival army navy officials ousted from office. Determined, to return to power one, entered the presidential race with Eva by his side. Her humble beginnings resonated with the poor and working class people of Argentina. The response was overwhelming. The adoration around Abe propelled want to victory and he took office in June of Nineteen, forty six. While Eva held no official title beyond first lady she quickly began amassing political power having built. So much of the campaign around her connection with the poorest citizens of Argentina, she became the defacto secretary of Labor, as well as the unofficial secretary of health. In these unofficial positions if a secured wage increases for unions, she created the Eva Peron Foundation which established hospitals, schools, elder care facilities, and orphanages all around the country A. To progress the rights of women in Argentina, she was influential in the passage of the women's suffrage legislation in nineteen, forty seven and the subsequent creation of the parents to feminist party in nineteen, forty nine. As her popularity grew to saint like fervor. There were calls for her to run as the vice president alongside her husband in nineteen fifty one. But want an eva ended up not going forward with that plan due to opposition from the Army Davis, growing health concerns in nineteen, fifty, two eva passed away from cervical cancer. She was just thirty three years old. Despite her untimely passing Abbas influence reverberated throughout. Argentina. Devoted followers tried to have her canonized but political opponents were set on removing all symbols of parochialism in one, thousand, nine, hundred, fifty, five, one Perron was overthrown and exiled from Argentina. Shortly thereafter, if was embalmed body was stolen. Even. In death, her presence was seen as a threat to her political opponents balanced political power if his remains were eventually returned to Quan Perron who was exiled in Madrid when one passed away nineteen, seventy, four, his third wife Isabel Perron in an attempt to curry favor with the Argentinian working class returned Eva's remains Argentina. They were interred in the presidential. Palace crept. Just two years later, a new government that was hostile to peronism had the bodies removed. In life and in death, Eva was a galvanizing political figure. Her story is memorialized in the award winning musical and later film adaptation of e TAP. As always, we're taking a break for the weekend tune in on Monday for the story of another political powerhouse for more on why we're doing what we're doing check out our newsletter. We'll Manica weekly follow us on facebook and Instagram at Encyclopedia Manica and follow me directly on twitter at Jenny Kaplan. Special. Thanks to my favorite sister and Co Creator Liz Caplan. Talk to you on Monday.

Maria Eva Duarte Argentina Juan Perron Manteca eva Eva Peron Foundation Isabel Perron facebook Jenny Kaplan Wonder Media Network army navy Encyclopedia Manica Liz Caplan evo cervical cancer Avis Buenos Irs Abe twitter
Juan Pern Pt. 2: Argentina

Dictators

42:26 min | 8 months ago

Juan Pern Pt. 2: Argentina

"In september twenty fourth nineteen forty eight when a series argentina cpr. Yano reyaz the former leader of the argentine labor party looked up from the floor of the jail cell. He was confused to see the policeman standing over him to raise shock. The officers started to accuse him of conspiring with the us diplomat to do the unthinkable. Murder president juan perron. Ray as new. This must have been a mistake just three years earlier. In nineteen forty five. He had helped orchestrate the ground swell of popular support that had saved peron sure in the three years since he and perron had disagreed on some policies res- even called a strike in response to perron meddling in labor party affairs but assassination. Never the police demanded to know details of the plot race insisted that there was no plot but they weren't going to take no for an answer. His captors hooked ray s up to an electric shock machine determined to get a confession out of him one way or another as the electricity seared through his body cipriano race learned. What happened when your loyalty was called into question. You were either with one perron or an enemy of the state. Welcome to dictators a spotify original from podcast. I'm richard and i'm kate. You can find all episodes of dictators and all other spotify originals from podcast for free on spotify this season of dictators. We're exploring the reins of twentieth century. Cow dios full nco batista of cuba one of argentina and francisco franco of spain. Today we conclude our discussion on one perron last week. We explored peron's rise from ambitious infantry officer to champion of the working class and how after years of pulling the strings as the power behind the throne officially became president in nineteen forty-six. This week will look at peron's nine years as president including the rise of his wife vita we'll see how his interest in social welfare reforms waned as cult of personality grew and his regime became increasingly corrupt and repressive and we'll explore how peronism never left argentina. We'll have all that and more coming up when fifty one year old juan. Domingo peron was elected in february nineteen forty-six argentina's first legitimately elected leader in nearly two decades. And it was all thanks to peron's ability to shore up important alliances. In order to achieve his victory perron spent years methodically building his base of par as a member of the ruling military junta. Not only did he gain friends among the military elite but as secretary of labor and social welfare he was able to court the working class with his pro labor policies but not everyone loved one perron between his affinity for european nazis and fascists and his cultivation of course of personality. Iran's opponents across the political spectrum were horrified by his electoral win conservatives were disgusted that he enfranchised the country's uneducated poor and the communists and socialists. Were furious that he'd stolen their base with his populist pandering but the ideological division wasn't just among peron's enemies the diverse coalition that brought him to power was also fractured and he quickly realized if he wanted to get anything done you'd have to put an end to the infighting. His first order of business was to dissolve all the political parties that had supported him and to consolidate them into the single party of the argentine revolution which one year later would be renamed as the paramus party though perron insisted that the party shared one set of values in reality it was mostly united behind. Its support for him. Baron recognized that the rivalries among his uneasy coalition where exactly what he needed to retain power as long as any rising stars within the party were fighting amongst themselves. Erron could rest easy at the top. After his june nineteen forty-six inauguration perron hit the ground. Running he promised to five year plan of social justice economic independence and national reconciliation after years of political turmoil and with parents congressional majority. He could make almost anything happen but there was one small obstacle standing in his way the judicial branch. The courts were supposed to be apolitical. However in the previous decade the supreme court openly supported the military junta and approved the fraudulent elections that kept the junta in power knowing. This perron accused the supreme court of having broken. It's apolitical oath. His lackeys and the legislative branch quickly impeach the judges who weren't overtly paran. Est perrone now had carte blanche to do whatever he wanted. Baron took full advantage of his unchecked power. Within the first few years of his presidency. He achieved a number of labor and social welfare reforms. He continued his campaign for workers rights by raising wages expanding job protections and building schools and hospitals and in one thousand nine hundred forty seven. He gave women the right to vote dramatically expanding his voting base by doing so but his duties as president juggling international politics and stimulating. The struggling economy meant perron could no longer devote all of his energy to keeping his supporters. Happy he needed a representative on the ground. So the face of peronism became his twenty seven year old wife. Maria eva duarte known commonly as evita a former actress from a working-class evita quickly became a galvanizing figure for the parents. The moment perron took office. She began to represent herself as the patroness of the masses who had gotten him elected vita made it her mission to help the country's poor and overlooked founding the eva peron welfare foundation and virtually taking over the ministry of labor she used both institutions to improve education housing and social welfare for women and children. She traveled to regions of the country. Rarely visited by national politicians wherever she went evita spoke of her dedication to perron and his dedication to the argentine masses especially those from the lower social classes. She said they were her children and it was her duty to help her husband. Take care of them. Too many argentines evita's seemed like the reason peronism worked. She was the guiding light. Who kept the president on track. And as long as she continued to deny any interests in power for herself perron was more than happy to allow her political star to rise but evita was the only person perron let get anywhere close to his level of power. Any deputy who got to popular or seem to am vicious quickly fell out of favour even organized labor leaders who had worked with and backed perron for years found themselves smeared and if they criticize the president but that was nothing compared to what his political opponents faced though he had a clear majority the opposition still did their best to obstruct his policies in congress to perron they were a total nuisance started accusing opposition politicians of attempting to sabotage argentina. He claimed his opponents wanted to destroy him. Argentina's savior and the working class. He warned the country that anyone who opposed him was a national threat to help with his opposition problem. Perron used congress to his advantage. I he got them to ban any political parties with real support. Then they pass the so-called law of disrespect which essentially made it illegal to speak against public official. But perron didn't stop there. He consolidated almost all of the media under government control giving him an outlet for propaganda and he sent the police and far right militant groups to harass any that tried to defy him soon political repression quickly expanded to violent suppression from own supporters. Perron himself never openly advocated for violence. Remembering how the spanish civil war brought destruction to the people perron wanted to avoid that. But that didn't mean he outright condemned the actions of his supporters either fearing assassination attempts. Many opposition leaders began to seek political asylum in uruguay. Those who didn't escape were arrested tortured and forced to confess to plots against the suppression paid off by nineteen forty-nine perron had kneecapped his opposition the leaders who remained were ineffective and unable to they were kept around simply as pawns to rally perron supporters behind common enemies more than halfway through his term around had removed almost all obstacles from his path to absolute power but there was still one big hurdle that kept her own from sustaining it. The constitution didn't allow presidents to serve consecutive terms. Perot knew it would look terrible if he came out in favor of rewriting the constitution to do away with that stipulation after all a key component of his rise had been the pretense that he wasn't seeking power rather he was merely doing what the people wanted so in a savvy political move around declared before congress his lack of interest in rewriting the constitution by bringing up an issue that no one had even thought of the all but instructed his followers to solve the problem for him shortly thereafter parents began proclaiming that the constitution was blocking the people's will to reelect grown and thus needed to be changed by march of nineteen forty nine a new constitution drafted almost exclusively by baroness had been ratified in addition to changing the rules. About presidential terms. It also broadly expanded the powers of both the government at large and the president specifically it allowed for state intervention wherever it deemed necessary and gave the government power to go after anyone who opposed the vague baroness ideals but as perron consolidated his power. Turmoil was on the horizon. peron's attempts to transform argentina into an economic powerhouse. Had run into trouble. In rapidly shifting global economy at first argentina's economy was growing however when baron began to nationalize various industries like railways energy and some banks. Many foreign investors decided not to pour their money into argentina. Another problem was the fact. That agricultural exports were decreasing due to a drought and falling market prices and the country growing debt to us banks by nineteen fifty. One argentina was on the road to an inflation crisis. Wages stagnated while prices on everything increase as the economy worsened. Unsanctioned strikes began to break out and this time they were targeted at iran's regime with each passing day the paramus last attempted to ease tensions by toeing the party line but the people weren't buying it our own blame the economic problems on the united states. He claimed the. Us's unreasonable trade terms where the reason exports have declined in the surplus at turned into a deficit but no amount of blame could end. The strikes perron began to worry for the first time. Simply telling the people what they wanted to hear might not solve everything. If he couldn't keep the economy afloat going into the upcoming nineteen fifty one election. His base might stay home or even worse. Turn against him coming up. Perron loses his most valuable asset listeners. This month marks sixty years since john f. kennedy became the thirty fifth president of the united states ushering his already prominent family into the highest enclaves political power but behind their storied successes lie secrets and scandals so severe. If it were any other lineage they would have been left. In ruin this january to commemorate this iconic milestone dig into the dramas of a real life american dynasty in the spotify original from podcast. The kennedys this exclusive series from spotify. Features your favorite podcast hosts including me covering every angle of the kennedys from shows like medical murders crime countdown conspiracy theories and others. The sassou nations and conspiracies corruption and cover ups international affairs and metal ones to examine all of the kennedy family's most controversial moments. All in one place you can. Binge all twelve episodes of this limited series starting on tuesday january nineteenth follow the kennedys free and exclusively on spotify. This episode is brought to you by man's gaped so it's time for a trim and when you need to cut your grass you need the right equipment to get the job. Done the new and improved lawnmower three point. Oh from landscaped has what you need to make sure you're below the waist grooming experience is done right powered with a seven thousand rpm motor with white stroke technology their third third-generation trimmer gives you a close precise trim with a cutting edge ceramic blade to reduce screaming accidents and the mower has features that make using it as smooth as you're about to be the battery can last up to ninety minutes. It's waterproof so you can take it in the shower and it comes with a convenient usb dock get twenty percent off and free shipping with the code spotify twenty at manscaping dot com. That's twenty percent off with free shipping at manscaping dot com and use code spotify. Twani now back to the story in the middle of nineteen fifty one. One perot needed a miracle before the upcoming election. He may have stifled any meaningful opposition but the struggling economy was hurting him with his working class. Base soon strikes began to break out and no amount of deflection by perron seemed to help them with his base. If something didn't change soon he could lose his power as popular as she was. No one expected peron's wife evita to be his saving grace not even parole on august twenty second nineteen fifty one. The perron affiliated national workers union held a massive reelection rally in buenos aires an estimated two million supporters gathered to hear evita's speak by the end of her rousing speech. The crowds demanded that she run as peron's vice president though. There had been talk of this before. Now both peron's refused to commit evita merely thanked her followers for their continued support when the president retook the microphone however the crowd turned against him the masses demanded evita and they began chanting that they wouldn't leave until she had accepted the nomination. Her own was stunned as loyal as they were to him. It was his evita. They loved despite being relegated to a supporting role around knew. He had nothing to fear from. Evita's popularity because the couple news something. The public didn't the first lady was dying from cancer. The public had no idea that their patronises health was rapidly deteriorating and as hard as they tried to keep it a secret when evita became bedridden at the end of september. They knew they had to let the people know but the announcement was insidiously opportunistic. They cast evita's failing health as a result of her sacrifice to the poor. If ito was so dedicated to the masses that she was literally dying because of the hard work on october seventeenth nineteen fifty one. The anniversary of peron's restoration now called loyalty day. A frail evita made her first appearance in two months but her poor health didn't stop her from giving an emotional speech calling on her supporters to die for their president. They joined her and chanting my life for perron. The peron's emotional manipulation worked less than a month later. One perron won re election in a landslide but as it turned out getting reelected was the last win would have for a while with the election out of the way he had to address the economic crisis in february. Nineteen fifty two. He announced austerity measures dressed up as economic nationalism. He mandated a two year wage freeze and required that week and meet argentina's two major products be largely reserved for exports. He only managed to get away with these cuts because of evita her followers were willing to give the president some leeway knowing how much stress he was under especially as her cancer worsened finally on july twenty sixth nineteen fifty to the beloved first lady passed away but evita's death wasn't just a personal tragedy. It was a political one in the months. That followed perron came to the realization. Just how much. They loved her over him by that fall. Even the labor organizations that she had galvanized. Were once again. Questioning peron's economic policies. Perron tried to scapegoat a few members of his cabinet taking the opportunity to remove some rising stars in his party but by early nineteen fifty three. The unrest had only grown sensing barron's newfound weakness is political opponents. Got bolder and more outspoken. And some came to the conclusion that the only way to bring down was through violence. The situation reached a fever. Pitch on april fifteenth nineteen fifty three when perron was giving a speech to his supporters at the plaza de mayo and went oh series as he was in the middle of blaming his enemies and outside forces for the economic crisis. Two bombs went off in the square the attack immediately galvanize perron and his followers feeding off the energy of the crowd. The angry president suggested that the perpetrators ought to be punished though. Perron stopped short of actually calling for violence. Far right militant groups needed no further encouragement. They descended upon the headquarters of the socialist radical and democratic national parties looting and setting them on fire and in a symbolic blow to the city's elite they torched a storied social club in the wake of the destruction. The regime arrested as many opposition leaders as possible blaming them for the entire incident. Meanwhile the militants got off scot free. This new crackdown broke peron's political opposition and freed the president up to refocus his attention on the economy he made a series of deals with us industrialists and foreign investors that broadly stabilize the inflation crisis and with the good agricultural season things started looking up for own for the first time in his political career was able to relax he had managed to whether economic troubles and the loss of his beloved vida everything he had set out to do he had achieved. Perhaps he really was the god-like figure is supporters. Believed him to be. unfortunately this. Overconfidence led the savvy politician to poke a bear that had previously been content to ignore him. The catholic church the catholic church had long been a powerful political force in argentina. In fact many church leaders supported perron and stayed out of the political discourse during his first term but that all changed in nineteen fifty four in the fall of nineteen fifty four. The paramus congress began debating bills to legalize divorce and prostitution. Peron's government had already removed several saints days as public holidays. These initiatives were direct affronts to the catholic church and soon church leadership spoke out against these so-called tax suddenly arose followers found themselves torn between their leader and their religion. Much of argentina's lower class was devoutly catholic and they weren't sure they could choose perron over god while perron believed the choice seemed obvious. Many didn't so perron decided to retaliate. Before the church's protests gained momentum in december nineteen fifty four. He banned all public religious displays during the christmas season. During this time her government also legalized prostitution. and divorce. and recognize the rights of children born out of wedlock. Finally any parents with ties to the church was purged but perron had picked a fight with an enemy. Who is stronger than he was. Many argentines were more concerned with their eternal souls than their political identity by may nineteen fifty five pro. Catholic marches had taken over the streets and priests were preaching against the regime in response. Congress passed legislation that banned religious education in schools and denied the church any tax exemptions vatican decided to the anti by doing the unthinkable. They excommunicated perron. This created a problem. For the president argentina's constitution mandated. That the president must be roman catholic. The country's official religion but as it turned out the excommunication wasn't the only problem is feud with the church had emboldened his rivals and critics including those within the military on june sixteenth. The same day. The perron was excommunicated. The navy and air force attempted to stage a coup during pro perron rally at the plaza de mayo military jets dropped bombs onto the adjacent casa rosada. The presidential palace. Most of the bombs missed their targets and landed in the streets within hours. The attempted coup came to a screeching halt as those involved surrendered however their actions resulted in the deaths of several hundred civilians even worse it gave peronists ammunition to retaliate that evening as the city picked itself up a mob of angry parents stormed and burned twelve churches across went series. Though the catholic church hadn't been involved in the coup attempt. The peronists didn't care. They needed a scapegoat and the outspoken. Church was the enemy of the moment. Perron was horrified by the bloodshed. Ever since he'd witnessed the aftermath of the spanish civil war he'd sworn to himself that he'd never do anything to bring that kind of violence to argentina. the president realized that he was going to have to create peace. He needed to play the role of the mediator and hope that the various factions that opposed him would trust him because if they didn't argentina was heading towards a civil war and there was no guarantee that parole would come out on top. Coming up. Perron faces a coup. He can't beat. This episode is brought to you by casper you're most life. Changing sleep is about what's underneath. This is a casper mattress inside precisely one thousand five hundred and one perations creed cooling system so effective. You won't be awake to notice only casper mattresses are made with eighty-six supportive gel pods to align your spine and eliminate aches and pains. It's the cooling supportive comfort. You need for the most refreshed feeling every morning. Only on a casper mattress at casper dot com now back to the story in the summer of nineteen fifty five one. Zero one was struggling. Keep his control in argentina. His power contest with the catholic church had escalated into violence and had gotten perron himself excommunicate. Meanwhile his political in military opponents had capitalized on the president's weakness to renew attacks against him and even launch failed coup. Perot knew he needed to do something to pull the country back from the edge of civil war on july fifteenth. Her own gave a speech announcing that the so-called parents revolution had ended. It was time for the country to come together and restore full civil rights to all argentines as such. He even opened up the state radio to his political opponents all of whom took his olive branch sincerely and advocated for an end to hostilities. But the church wasn't so willing to forgive and forget argentina's catholic leadership continued to rail against the regime stirring up their congregations a similarly left wing students and other anti parents activists refused to be placated and within weeks lebron's july speech. They returned to the streets and started getting into fights with the police. Also an assassination plot against darren was discovered. Perron was furious. He tried to make peace offering but if they wanted to play this game he could play it to on the morning of august. Thirty first thousand nine hundred five knowing it would rouse. his base. Perron told the parents party that he would be resigning as president. It was obvious nearly everyone that he was not actually resigning. Since he didn't tender his resignation to congress still the proclamation had the desired effect that evening his supporters flooded the streets and rally to see him speak at the casa rosada. The crowd demanded that baron change his mind about resigning their very presence in the streets of windows aries was proof of his popularity. Perron had intended to use the rally to show off his negotiating power however he fed off the crowds energy and instead gave voice to the anger both he and they felt in an improvised speech. Her own did something he had never publicly done before. He called for violence against his enemies. He swore that when one of our people falls five of theirs will fall even peronist who had backed him. Throughout the recent unrest were horrified and several of his ministers resigned and for a handful of loyal army officers. It was the final straw. It was time for a coup in the early hours of september sixteenth nineteen fifty-five about two weeks after peron's call for violence insurgent military units seized cities and garrisons across argentina. By the time the sun came up almost every major city except buenos aires was held by anti perron forces over the next two days peron's loyal and superior forces battled against the anti peronism it appeared this coup would end up like the others a failure but the naval leaders weren't willing to lose again. They ordered warships to hover around one. Oh series and more importantly patrol near an oil refinery. If perron didn't surrender the warships would bond the refinery and parts of the capital to prove. They weren't messing around a shift. Blew up several docs and oil tanks near the refinery perron froze not sure what to do his greatest successes came when he was able to cast himself as a unifier and a champion of the argentine people any choice he made now would alienate a large swath of the country including his own supporters. So perron pass the buck. He put the minister of war. General franklin lucero in charge of finding a bloodless solution. If perot needed to resign in order to avert war then he would do so when the coup leaders immediately demanded barons resignation. Lucero promptly agreed to it. Perron was shocked. He hadn't actually anticipated having to resign. He just offered that as a bargaining tactic but it was too late. It was obvious that these coup leaders weren't going to back down. And if baron stayed and fought it could send argentina into civil war so on september nineteenth nineteen fifty five. One perron resigned. He immediately sought asylum at the paraguayan embassy and left for paraguay that very day. After nine years as president. Juan perron was now in exile the liberating revolution as the coup became known. Became an indictment on things. Peronism military officials banned. The parents party attacked evita's legacy and arrested peronist officials. It became clear that this new regime was doing nothing to heal the divisions of the perron years while argentina continued to flounder in turmoil. The deposed dictator lived a life of luxury in his mind. He knew argentina would come begging for him again. One day he would make his triumphant return and he would do it with his new bride by his side. Thirty year old. Maria stella martinez better known as isabel in the meantime perron spent his exile hopping around latin america and spain. He held court attracting aspiring politics of all stripes. Who wanted his blessing. He weighed in on argentine politics from afar regularly giving interviews to the international press. He even managed to get his papal excommunication lifted throughout it all owns deputies made sure his specter loomed over argentina as new military coups broad new regimes. They were inevitably compared to perron and almost all came up short. In one way or another argentina's problems worsen. Due to the international violent revolutions in the nineteen sixties and early seventies far left militant marxist groups wanted to overthrow the government and revive peron's pro worker reforms at the same time far right neo. Fascist groups wanted to stamp out any trace of communism and reinstate a populous dictator argentina was more divided than ever but by the early nineteen seventies. The people were tired of the upheaval in violence. The last time things had been relatively peaceful was under perron. His tenure may have been repressive but he had always preached unity even if he hadn't always practiced it. Perhaps he was the solution. They needed it help to his form of charismatic but vague populism had left the door open for interpretation both the right and the left and everyone in between could claim perron as their representative. Even the military was beginning to see the exiled president as the only viable option to stabilize argentina by nineteen seventy two seventeen years after his ouster. The current military regime was negotiating for peron's return but not as president so perron bent the rules. His handpicked representative hector. Camera ran for president in his place. Perron only agreed to return if and when camera one camera one. The march nineteen seventy-three election. Her own made his triumphant return. After the inauguration in june after nearly two decades in exile seventy-seven-year-old perron was home in argentina. unfortunately is homecoming. Didn't go quite as planned. Millions of people most of them leftists paramus streamed out to the airport to see their beloved leader during the celebration right wing. Militant group started firing into the crowds. What had been a celebratory family. Friendly fare quickly turned into a nightmare. At least thirteen people were killed with over three hundred fifty injured. Though many believe the number to be much higher perron insisted that the violence would end. Once he was back in power as the great unifier. he'd be able to calm things down and make everyone realise they were all on the same side perron side. The argentine people wanted to believe him after eighteen years away. A roan had become a mythical savior in their minds to pave the way for peron's return to the presidency. Campora resigned in july and new elections were called for in september. Naturally perron accepted his. Party's presidential nomination. And as his running mate perron chose his wife isabel to peron's were better than one and on september twenty third nineteen seventy-three one perron was overwhelmingly elected for a third time but the honeymoon barely lasted two days. After peron's victory the head of the baroness workers. Union was assassinated left wing. Peronists were blamed and a wave of sectarian violence followed throughout the year by early nineteen seventy four. It had become clear that perot's attempt to play both sides had failed right wing. Death squads attacked leftist parents and a right-wing police school in the city of cordoba. Seen to have been backed by the federal government but as far right violence rose all perron did was denounce and condemn but never called for it to stop. There was a lack of energy in his voice when it came to even attempting to bring unity to the left and right and much of that. Lack of energy was due to the fact that the aging perron was sick in may he came down with a chest infection that left him bedridden. The next month he suffered several heart. Attacks recognizing the need for a more active executive our own temporarily signed over the presidency to isabel on july. First nineteen seventy four one. Perron suffered one more heart attack and died. He was seventy eight years old. Argentino went into mourning. The divisions of recent months were temporarily put on hold so that everyone could grieve for their loss leader. When parents leaders suggested that isabel continuous president. No one disagreed. After all our own himself had made her president so it seemed the best way to continue his regime within a matter of days. The extremist groups returned to their terrorist activities. And this time there was no strongman figure to at least pretend to be the mediator. The forty three year old isabel had no political experience beyond her husband and relied entirely on arrest. Butte like former policeman named jose lopez rageh to tell her what to do. The country quickly descended into chaos and the military coup led by general rafael. Videla deposed her in one thousand nine hundred seventy six argentino once. More fell under a military dictatorship. Despite the peron's disappointing end. The myth of one perron continued to loom large in argentina. His strongman politics is quest for absolute power and his willingness to go after opponents paved the way for the dictators who followed him both in argentina and across south america even today. His legacy persists argentina's contemporary justicialist party is the same party that our own founded and continues to be just as fractured as it was during his time without its charismatic leader. The party has often struggled to find. What it represents populism nationalism. Both the only thing that everyone has ever seemed able to agree on is there idolizing of own which was frankly all that perrone himself ever truly stood for. Thanks for listening to dictators. Next week we crossed the atlantic and head to spain as we begin our dive into francisco franco among the many sources we used. We found our own a biography by joseph a page extremely helpful to our research. You can find all episodes of dictators and all other spotify originals from podcast. Free on spotify. We'll see you next time. Dictators spotify original from podcast. It is executive produced by max cutler. Sound design by michael motion with production assistance by ron shapiro carly madden and isabella way. This episode of dictators was written by kate thornton with writing assistance by nora patel fact checking by adriana romero and research by chelsea would dictators stars kate leonard and richard rosner fact fiction fame discovered the real story. Behind one of history's most formidable families in the spotify original from podcast. The kennedys remember you can binge all twelve episodes starting on tuesday january nineteenth. Listen free and exclusively on spotify.

perron peron argentina evita Perron Yano reyaz argentine labor party juan perron Domingo peron paramus party Erron supreme court of having Est perrone congress Maria eva duarte eva peron welfare foundation Baron united states francisco franco