40 Burst results for "Manhattan"
Fresh "Manhattan" from Bernie and Sid in the Morning
"Sunny chance of an afternoon shower high 66 It's 48 degrees from the Ramsey Monster Weather Center on Joe Nolan 77. W ABC. Lydia Surana Here. Are you a landlord in the Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn or Manhattan or Westchester Having 10 of problems? I mean, who isn't during this economy and pandemic as your tenants stop paying rent is a city now targeting your property for endless finds and violation. And you have no idea who to call for help will. Finally there is an organization that can help you. The National Homeowner Landlord Association in the Pelham Bay section of the Bronx is a not for profit dedicated to helping the small landlord just like my dad They have. All of the resource is for help with housing, Court evictions, Department of buildings and HPD violations, small claims and civil court property management, maintenance and repairs. National.
Bye Bye Cellulite?
"Today my fabulous co host is dr cats. He is a board certified dermatologist and director of the geneva skin and laser center. Right here in manhattan dr katz. Thank you so much for being with us today. Number with you So everybody's gonna wanna listen up because cellulite. It is a huge problem. I feel like having been in this beauty community forever. The way that i look at cellulite is that it's kind of like if your boss was to bring their bratty child to a party. It's something we all know about. It's it's a problem we all have to deal with. But there's nothing you can really do about it so nobody wants to touch it. Is that pretty accurate. That's how cellulite has been regarded. Yeah absolutely i mean we. We used to call cellulite. The holy grail he goes there have been so. Many treatments have been touted to work from lasers to Radio frequency to topical agents caffeine aminov. Flynn medication that you rub on his skin. All different types of things and you know what most of them did nothing you know. It's it's interesting too. Because i think that i want to talk a little bit about what cellulite is. What causes it. But before we get into that. I also want to specify boomer talking sometimes about you know quote unquote treating things. There's a difference between actually trading a problem and making it appear like making the appearance. Less notable and i think sometimes people confuse that they think fit like. Oh if i use this cream. This cream is actually going to treat it when really know it might help make the appearance somewhat less noticeable things like
Fresh "Manhattan" from Bernie and Sid in the Morning
"Seven million doses have already been given in the U. S. The agency's They're planning a press briefing to detail more about this problem. But they say the drug heparin commonly used to treat clots can't be used in this situation. Evan Brown Fox News. Blood clots have been reported in a total of six women. Meanwhile, Johnson and Johnson has not yet issued a public statement on the Paws recommendation. Protest here in New York City in response to the deadly shooting of a young black man in a Minneapolis suburb. 20 year old Dante, right, was shot to death during a traffic stop in Brooklyn center, Minnesota's Sunday and officer reportedly firing her gun instead of her Taser it right in our Brooklyn 150 Demas. Traitors protest it in the pouring rain marching over the Manhattan Bridge, shutting it down for a time. Black gloves Mata, another group demonstrated in Washington Square Park. I'm Sara Lee Kessler for 77 W. ABC News. The head of the reaches high school on the Upper.
Dr. Theodore Belfor on Cranial Facial Development
"Very very excited today to have dr theodore belfour on the podcast. I heard about dr bell. Four in james ness doors. New book called breath. And we're gonna be talking about all of that today on the show and dr belfour. He's of new york university college of dentistry and a senior certified instructor for the international association for orthodontics in the nineteen sixties. Dr bell was sent to vietnam to work as the sole brigade dentists for four thousand soldiers of the hundred ninety six light infantry from the jungles of vietnam to park avenue in manhattan upon his return opened his own private dental office in new york city and has been private practice for more than forty years and dr belfour specializes in the treatment of the cranial facial system. And that's what we're gonna be diving into today. So dr bill for welcome to the show. Thank you for having me. It's my pleasure excellent. So what are we. Start by talking about how this all began and go back to. You know what happened. That change the cranial bones the cranial structure our skulls that led to this epidemic of of airway issues breathing issues at all of the health issues. That come with that well How we develop. How would grow and develop is based on how we breathe Aloe and we chew so just looking at how we chew. According to the us department of agriculture today in us sixty three percent of diet is processed and refined foods so without the proper stimulation to the body. We are not fully expressing on jeans when not developed in to offer full potential because that particularly when off jaws do not grow forward enough Do you re trues. Those jaws helps to push the tongue backwards into the airway and down to throw sanal. We have compromised sleeping breathing.
Fresh "Manhattan" from Bernie and Sid in the Morning
"New York attitude. All here on talk radio 77. W A B C W A B C TRAFFIC in TRANSIT Northman on the B Q E two story boulevard. There's a stall there in the left lane. Still a lot of volume coming down the east side of Manhattan on the drive from the 1 30 standing of the sixties. Most of it residual traffic from an earlier at three vehicle accident, which has now been cleared a couple of problems until 87 in New Jersey. One North founded exit 44 accident, two lanes around and then South Bandit exit 66. There's an accident with two lanes out northern state westbound post Avenue of crashed Grand Central about to stall it. Francis Lewis Boulevard. Delays on the four. The five and the seven and alternate side is in effect from the Ramsey Monster Weather Center. Mostly sunny today high around 63. Partly cloudy Low 51. Then tomorrow partly sunny.
Plan would return beachfront taken from Black family in '20s
"I'm Julie Walker Los Angeles county is taking the first steps to return prime beach front property back to the black family that originally owned it back in nineteen twelve before it was taken away under racist circumstances it was once a resort for blacks known as Bruce's speech in Manhattan Beach for years they adored racism from the klu Klux Klan and others before the city used eminent domain to seize the land in the nineteen twenties now lawmakers are trying to right that wrong and at a news conference Friday covered by KTTV Bruce family member Duane Shephard said they have big plans ahead of next steps to get possession of our land you have a week long family reunion with three hours zero minutes the plan to return the land needs the approval of the state legislature I'm Julie Walker
Fresh update on "manhattan" discussed on Len Berman and Michael Riedel in the Morning
"Have been too straight nights of protests in Minnesota and peaceful protest here in the city. Demonstrators gathered at Brooklyn's Grand Army Plaza yesterday in the rain, chanting the name, Dante, Right. They marched over the Manhattan Bridge temporarily shutting it. Police say an officer in Minnesota accidentally fired her gun instead of her Taser it right, killing him. Black lives matter. Protests were peaceful in New York. I'm Scott crinkled up. The O R news about this question, with the candidates running for mayor of the city except an endorsement for governor Cuomo summer saying yes, candles won't stop the governor from keeping an eye on the New York City mayoral race, and he may even offer an endorsement. Andrew Young and Ray Maguire say they'd gladly accept with Yang, noting how infighting between.
Los Angeles County Seeks To Return Bruce’s Beach Property
"Southern California Black family could be getting back some property that was stolen decades ago. It's a strip of Southern California beachfront property that was seized from its black owners more than 90 years ago. Now lawmakers are spearheading efforts to give the land back. The landing question isn't Manhattan Beach, it was purchased by Willow and Charles, Bruce and 1912. They turned it into a resort for African Americans. If the plan goes through, the descendants of the Bruce family would get the land back. They would have the right to lease the land to L. A county. Steve Futterman. CBS News
Fresh update on "manhattan" discussed on Bernie and Sid in the Morning
"Here's the real state of elements. On this Tuesday. As you may know, I was born in Manhattan raised on Long Island in 11 town. And I am a loyal New Yorker. But I've lived all over the world. I visited every state and every major city in the U. S. A. Now New York is collapsed. It is run by progressive loons and the people in Albany run the state, including the very weekend governor, Andrew Cuomo. I've decided to make New York, the highest tax state in the union. If you are a wealthy individual, earning a lot of money in New York City, you will now pay 53% of your income to the state and federal government. That's insane. Why would anyone do that? So millions of affluent New Yorkers are looking to leave the state? In fact, New York has the most people leaving. Behind San Francisco. San Francisco leads the league because that city has fallen apart for exactly the same reason progressive leadership. So when are people going to wise up? No, I'm gonna hang in here on Long Island as long as I can, because I have hundreds of friends. I have my family, the urchins who are being educated. But I'm not going to allow the state of New York to steal my money. Because the services here are not good. So where are the tax dollars going? Now, this don't fight the IR s alone Tax Defense partners has experienced Maurer than 20 years of it..
Brooklyn DA Vacates 90 Convictions Tied to Cop Facing Perjury Charges
"Here in new york district attorney has asked the court to dismiss nearly one hundred drug convictions after an nypd detective was accused of lying there. Stephanie dusk tonight in brooklyn dozens of drug convictions tossed out in more likely to calm all ninety of the cases involving one narcotics detective. Joseph franco can no longer stand by detective. Franco's were have lost confidence in his reliability franko pleaded not guilty in two thousand nineteen to more than a dozen charges including perjury for his work on for drug cases. One in april. Two thousand eighteen franco said he witnessed a deal. Go down in this manhattan building. But according to the indictment security video showed no drug sale in the lobby and other video showed franco was never close enough to observe what happened. Franko was still awaiting trial. His attorneys throwing out the cases has created a toxic atmosphere. That is prejudicial to mr franco's constitutional right to the presumption of innocence marianne casey and represents more than a dozen people whose convictions were vacated. People have carried these convictions on their record for many years and they've prevented them from securing employment from maintaining housing. These are lasting effects. Franco's criminal charges are based on the detective. Work he did in manhattan the. Da in brooklyn has not been able to prove similar misconduct but he says he has lost confidence. In the cases were franco was an essential
New York Doormen Who Stood By After Brutal Attack on Asian Woman Are Fired
"New York City doorman who stood by as an Asian woman was brutally assaulted have been fired. Security video shows the dorm and inside the building as the alleged attacker stomped on a 65 year old Asian woman last week in Manhattan. Property managers, the Brodsky organization said, even though the doorman emerged to assist the victim and flag down an NYPD vehicle emergency and safety protocols were not followed.
Doormen Fired For Standing By After Attack on Asian Woman, New York
"We're getting an update to that story about an Asian woman attacked in Manhattan and the doorman who watched it all unfold. A Brodsky organization, which manages the Midtown Manhattan building, where the attack last Monday took place says it has fired the two doorman who were seen in the video closing the door. The attack on the 65 year old Asian woman happened just outside the apartment building. As she was walking to church in broad daylight, the building workers union said at the time. A staffer called for help immediately, But surveillance video showed the men waited more than a minute to open the door and even let residents walk in and out during that time. A suspect has been arrested who was living in a nearby homeless shelter? Mac
New York PD Seeks Suspects Targeting E-Bike Riders
"Electric bike robberies in Manhattan. The NYPD says six victims in separate cases during February March all have their e bike stolen by two suspects who threatened them with knives somewhere delivering food. At the time. All six incidents took place around Harlem. Authorities say the suspects are using what appears to be the same black motorcycle with orange wheels. Police say thefts of electric bikes double during the first year of the pandemic. Police say one person was killed and
Jerry Seinfeld Opens New York City's Gotham Comedy Club
"To reopen across the nation last night, Jerry Seinfeld showed up to do comedy at the Gotham Comedy Club in Manhattan. Hominy is more than just interesting and amusing. It's like changes your mood. It's one of the few things that really can change, how you feel and give you a little bit of real relief. Seinfeld said that getting back on stage felt like getting electrocuted. But in a good way up to 100. Guests are allowed inside. Small venues well, 200 are allowed outdoors in New York. Starbucks drinkers Canal
Brandon Elliot Charged for New York City Anti-Asian Attack
"Also in some justice news today local authorities said wednesday. They filed three felony hate crime charges against thirty eight year. Old brandon elliott in the brutal stopping of an elderly asian american woman. A case that could test the f- the efficacy of such statutes amid a national groundswell of concern over rising anti-asian attacks manhattan district attorney. Cy vance said elliott. A homeless black man on parole after serving seventeen years in prison for killing. His mother told sixty five year. Old ville macari. You don't belong here before. He launched the unprovoked attack in midtown on monday. Elliott faces two counts of second degree assault and one count of attempted. First degree assault the carry a maximum sentence of twenty five years as well as other punishments for violating his parole. The beating was captured on a lobby surveillance. Video from condominium showed several on lookers failing to respond one closed the lobby door as she lay just outside on the pavement the assault caused widespread outrage another in a rash of high profile attacks on people of asian descent including the mass shooting in atlanta. That left six female. Asian workers and two others dead in march and the fatal assault also captured on video of an elderly tie immigrants francisco in february. The alleged assailant's in those cases have not been charged with hate crimes illustrating the complexities surrounding how such cases are handled. The charges against elliott came a day after the biden administration announced steps to respond to mounting pressure from leaders including expedited thirty day internal review. The justice department aimed at bolstering the federal agencies tracking and prosecution of hate crimes and bias incidents other measures included reinstating white house initiative on asian americans and pacific islanders and allocating nearly fifty million dollars in new grants at the department of health and human services to assist survivors of domestic violence. And sexual assault with new api outreach
'Real Housewives' star Jen Shah arrested on federal fraud charges
"Welcome back to another episode of reality casey. I hope that you had a great week. But i'm gonna tell you who add a week and that is gen shah for real housewives of salt lake city. She was arrested and charged this week in connection with a telemarketing scheme. That defrauded many of whom are over the age of fifty. Five according to a superseding indictment. That was unsealed this week. Persistent stuart smith was also arrested and charged tuesday. Both shot and smith appeared before. Us judge dustin pete in salt lake city. Federal court on tuesday manhattan. Us attorney andre strauss said jennifer shaw. Who portrays herself. As a wealthy and successful businessperson on reality tv and stuart smith who was portrayed as her first assistant allegedly generated and sold lead list of innocent individuals for other members of their scheme to repeatedly scam in actual reality and as alleged the so-called business opportunities pushed on the victims by shaw smith and their co-conspirators were just fraudulent schemes motivated by greed to steal victims money and now these defendants face time in prison for their alleged crimes. Special agent in charge. Peter fits us said sean smith for of lavish lifestyle to the public as a symbol of their success. In reality they allegedly built their opulent lifestyle at the expense of vulnerable often elderly working class people as alleged disturbingly. Sean smith objectified. They're very real human victims as leads to be bought and sold offering their personal information for sale to other members for their fraud ring working with our partners at the nypd and the united states attorney's office southern district of new york and with the assistance of hsi. Salt lake city. New york worked to ensure that sean smith will answer for their alleged crimes as a result their new reality may very well turn out differently than expected.
Man Charged in Anti-Asian Hate Crime Was Out on Parole for Killing His Mom
"His mother nearly 20 years ago, was arrested on assault and hate crime charges in an attack on an Asian American woman in midtown Manhattan, not far from Times Square. Surveillance video shows, the man said to be 38 year old Brandon Elliot kicking and stomping on a 65 year old Filipino American woman Monday afternoon on the sidewalk outside a building. Video from inside shows two employees watching, but not going to help her one even closing a door. Joann, you is
Suspect Arrested On Hate Crime Charges Over Attack On Asian Woman In Manhattan
"A hate crime for attacking an Asian American woman near New York City's Times Square. Police say Brandon Elliot is a man seen on video kicking and stopping the woman Monday. New Yorkers Canal possess up to three ounces of marijuana under a bill side the day but Governor
NYPD makes arrest in assault of elderly Asian American woman
"Pour through tax hikes. New York City police make an arrest in a brutal attack on an elderly Asian American woman in midtown Manhattan Earlier this week, police say, Brandon Elliott faces charges of assault as a hate crime. He's seen on surveillance video kicking and stomping the woman and told her you don't belong here. New YORKER Shing Cost says Seeing that video was upsetting, shocking to see Elena being kicked like that and punch like that broad daylight on a busy street in front of a building and no one helped her. The security guards in there just closed the door and don't even help a person a human being. Line on the floor records show. Elliot's already on parole for stabbing his mother to death
New York Police Arrest Man Over Attack on Elderly Asian Woman
"Make an arrest in a brutal attack on an elderly Asian American woman in midtown Manhattan Earlier this week, police say, Brandon Elliott faces charges of assault as a hate crime. He's seen on surveillance video kicking and stomping the woman and told her you don't belong here. New YORKER SHING Cost says Seeing that video was upsetting, shocking to see Elderly being kicked like that and punch like that broad daylight on a busy street in front of a building, and no one helped her. The security guards in there just closed the door and don't even help a person. A human being lying on the floor. Records show Elliot's already on parole for stabbing his mother to death when he was 19. Julie
NYPD makes arrest in assault of elderly Asian American woman
"New York City police make an arrest. In a brutal attack on an elderly Asian American woman in midtown Manhattan Earlier this week, police say, Brandon Elliott faces charges of assault as a hate crime. He seen on surveillance video kicking and stomping the woman and told her you don't belong here. New Yorker Shinko says Seeing that video was upsetting, shocking to see Elena being kicked like that, and punch like that, in broad daylight on a busy street in front of a building and no one helped her. The security guards in there just closed the door and don't even Help a person a human being lying on the floor Records show. Elliot's already on parole for stabbing his mother to death when he was
65-Year-Old Asian Woman Attacked IN New York City
"For a man who viciously attacked an Asian American woman near New York City's Times Square, asking for the public's help not only in locating the suspect but in doing its own part to stand up to the Racists. Police on Tuesday blanket in midtown Manhattan with wanted posters and offered a 25 $100 reward for information leading to the whereabouts of the man seen on surveillance Monday. Brutalizing the woman as she walked to church. She stomped on her face, kicked her in the stomach. Shouted anti Asian American slurs. New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio. And we need everyone to be a part of this because yesterday, I don't know if you've seen the video but absolutely disgusting and outrageous video. Of a name. Asian woman being attacked pushed the ground kicked viciously by someone full of hate. That was bad enough, but then to see A security guard standing nearby and not intervening. Absolutely acceptable. Look, I don't care who you are. I don't care what you do. You've got to help your fellow in New Yorker. And if you see someone being attacked Do whatever you can make noise. Call out what's happening. Go and try and help immediately call for help call 911. I mean, this is something where we all have to be part of the solution. We can't just stand back and watch a heinous act happening. And I think for so many Asian American, New Yorkers who are feeling isolated right now feeling fearful they need to know that they have solidarity of all New Yorkers and support On the attack Monday among the latest international spike in anti Asian hate crimes. That happened just weeks after a mass shooting in Atlanta left eight dead, six of them women of Asian descent.
Attack on Asian Woman in New York City's Midtown Prompts Another Hate Crime Investigation
"York city police released surveillance video of an unidentified man violently attacking a sixty five year old woman on monday. In midtown manhattan video of the attack which took place on the sidewalk in front of an apartment building in broad daylight show demand kicking a woman to the ground and then stomping on her body and head multiple times. The video also showed building staff members watching the attack but not intervening and even closing. The door to the building as the woman's attacker walked away. Those staff members have now been suspended. According to the building's management company and pd said the attacker made racist anti-asian remarks and they're investigating the assault as a hate crime. The attack is the latest surge of anti asian violence that has been recorded this past year. Surge that community members and advocates have been trying to raise alarm bells about for months despite little attention in the mainstream media until recently
"manhattan" Discussed on Radio Diaries
"I'm Joe Richmond. In an election season where the words will you condemn white supremacy are considered a gotcha question at a presidential debate. It seems like a good time to take a look back at another time in American history when race and ethnic divisions took center stage. Just, over eight years ago on February Twentieth Nineteen Thirty Nine twenty thousand men and women streamed in Madison Square Garden in new. York. Outside the Marquee read pro American rally inside on the stage that American flags and a giant banner of George Washington sandwiched between two huge swastikas. We have adopted the gun salute of the outstretched right arm and hand. Symbol and the salute. Representing the greeting variance of white gentile. Whom and. Nationally. And in our case, that means the United States of America. WHO's the eve of World War? Two. A few months after Kristallnacht in Germany a few months before the invasion of Poland. Hitler hadn't yet proven what it meant to be a Nazi. The rally was organized by the German American Boone one of several American organizations that openly supported fascism and Hitler. The Bund filmed the rally to create a sort of American triumph of the will. Today in the show when Nazis took Manhattan. Ladies and gentlemen. My fellow can American. It my very great privilege to welcome you Madison. Square Garden was the big arena in new. York. At the time hockey games boxing matches the week before the rally there was the Westminster dog show. And Amy Bernstein I'm historian and author of the Book Swastika. Nation. I Let. The rally opened with the sledge of allegiance. To Faith Automatic Twenty Thousand People stood up held their hands aloft in the. Nazi. Salute. And said the pledge flag. He and Taylor's businessman blue collar white collar. They came wearing their Nazi armbands. Every. PENANCE in their hands. It looked like any kind of political rally. Only with the Nazi twist. One member. Our boys and girls. Fellow White American and other Non Parrot pitic get. The rally was explicitly antisemitic demand a white gentile America. They denounced Roosevelt as Rosenfeld to say that Roosevelt was in the pocket of the rich choose. My Name is Sarah Churchwell I'm cultural historian and the author of behold America Spirit with opened the West and build our country was the spirit of the militant white man. One of the speakers was Gerhardt Wilhelm coons who was the public relations director for the Buns and he gave an explicitly white supremacist. American lawmakers generations ago. Promulgated Laws Forbidding Intermarriage Between White and Black Yellow Brown and red inhabitant. We Have Jim Crow and a complicated system of immigration quotas. It has been always been very much American. To protect the Arian character of Whitney. One of the things that they tried to do was to say that basically, this is what America has always been, and this is what the founding fathers would have supported. We are not reaching rate patron. But rates recognition. And the will to the preservation of our own rate. My name is Brett Sisley on Oh. My grandfather was at the Nazi rally. Him Say Twenty six year old plumber. His name was Greenbaum. He felt it was his duty as an American Jew and as a curious New Yorker go says the situation. And you snuck into the Rally The only ever homeless heard site. The job. Back. And he sat there. He listened listened in I believe the rallies for about three hours long. Hundred. Skew. The Pinnacle of the night was blessed speaker. Fritz Kuhn. Later, than John, and. Fellow American. Your all heard of knee. Truest control. Tune was the leader of the german-american Ben. And in essence, he wanted to be the Hitler of America where. You Aaron not can Krisztian to the main. Got Our. How the terms to the American people founded. Watch twenty thousand people. Cheering. Raising their hands saluting this man in the Hitler salute. And he was just amazed. So he's slowly worked his way to the front. I remember him telling me that there was one thing. About the Jews cockroaches and my grandfather said, he lost it type apartment bombing. My grandpa just muscled his way through the guards. Jumped up on the stage and he yelled down with Hitler. Bunch of the guards, the security jumped on my grandfather they started punching and kicking point Adams point his pants down and they were getting. Cheers. And The New York police ran from the other side of the stage and the police pulled my grandfather off to safety. He had a black guy and a broken nose but. You said, he would have done it again. That is open to you. Why did you are sincere? A good crack. Of Air. America When the wealthy wrapped.
"manhattan" Discussed on Talking Biotech Podcast
"Not to mention the fact that if we really make breakthrough in next generation, maxine technologies we could, we could also address the some of the problems. We currently have like like influenza. where? We were we were if we had. Let's say we make a breakthrough that. Involves for example, Abro, tesol response to. Many viruses sumiltaneously Asli under the Manhattan project that could be a posterior penn flu vaccine. That could save you know another half million lives each year easily. And I think that's a really important part of this entire discussion, because I feel that we were kind of caught off guard, and I was a little bit surprised that Darpa or the Defense Department didn't have a very integrated and You know immediate response to well just another one of those viruses you know. I thought this would be like something that was in the playbook already and so. I really agree with you. I think this is something that doing this right now. Really prevents a bad actor or another not. IQ event from having the same kind of economic impact and It's been really fascinating discussion. So, what do you think has to happen to initiate this kind of response? Do you think this is something? That's even though it would be a bargain for the government at this point. Do you think it's something that could realistically happen? Well Kevin I don't know if you saw it, but today. Bloomberg released an article about A. Government led project called Operation Warp speed. That is apparently aiming to cut. That's twelve to eighteen months timelines significantly. Now any details of the plan have not yet been disclosed or how it's going to be structured, but. There does seem to be will to. Rewrite the rulebook and try try something really new so so I think it will be very realistic. That's great news because it's the old thinking that gets us into the problem and the old solutions that you know when you look at the political solutions that have gone on and the economic policies that have gone on. You know we can talk about that all day. I think that we need to revise our thinking. And I love that about your article. It's thinking big thinking fast in thinking of ways to streamline things to do the most as quickly as we can and so I. I really wanted to have you on. If people wanted to learn more about your company, or you know, learn more about what you do. Where would they look? So you can visit our website, which will link also to the proposal at Helix Neno? Dot Com, so that's H., e., l., i.. X. IN A and O dot com. Same handle on twitter. Ads Helix. No, no I am zone twitter at Hun at. H.. In you've my name so..
"manhattan" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins
"Y twelve plant reach an output of two hundred and four grams of Youtube thirty five day that'll have enough they'll build make enough to have the bomb by July first plus one hundred sixty grams of plutonium from x ten graphite reactors on hand Los Alamos with more coming from Hanford soon edition substantial production of eighty five percent enriched uranium begins at s is fifty plant ten of twenty one going into production operation general grow says no fucking idea what any of this means as nor do I but the nuke nerds assurance all very good it's very very important to excellent just going very well indeed and the South Pacific the US Army and navy continues to battle start New Year bombing raids continued to be launched against mainland Japan most achieved little success the allies are for sure winning the war in early nineteen forty five at this point it's not a matter of if they will win win they also don't believe Japan is even even remotely close to developing its own atomic weapons however if you recall the unit seven thirty one way back in November of nine of two thousand seventeen that we did Japan Pan was also working hard at developing biological weapons for the purpose of widespread civilian death and devastation in American elsewhere so the pursuit of the big bombs still you'll feel morally justified right also if the bombs work it will end the war much earlier and save an untold number soldiers lives talk about that in detail later the scientists continued to sign shit in February it's a busy month F.. Reactor goes online at Hanford raises theoretical production capacity the nuke nerds let everyone notice good February we second Los Alamos received its first plutonium from Hanford also good nerd high-fives getting tossed around uranium gun design method of detonation completed nerd larger so excited about like Nur cheers and stuff only planning for develop deployment and combat use wants you to you to thirty five is delivered is now required the almost there at this time planning for an implosion bomb test begins in earnest initiator tests begin initiate test began demand demand for polonium from Dayton rises to one hundred curies a month Admiral Nimitz Commander in chief of the Pacific Ocean areas is notified of the nature of the atomic bomb project now he will be called upon soon to launched the most devastating air raid any nation in the world has ever seen also during February Tinian Island one of the three principal islands of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands is selected as the base of operations for the atomic attack the round trip flight from Tinian Tokyo to be twenty nine average twelve hours this proximity Japan in is one reason tinny would serve as the headquarters for the five Ninth Composite Group five hundred ninth a meanwhile the war of the World Continues on February thirteenth Dresden Germany is burned to the fucking ground in insanitary incendiary raid killing twenty five thousand people mostly civilians like here are Sharma here Jesus Christ like here's Shema excuse me this cold is driving me crazy here Shema Nagasaki the moral justification for the bombing of Dresden would be called into question after war most of the targets obliterated in this massive bombing raid were civilian no military strategic value over twelve hundred British and American bombers dropped more than three thousand nine hundred tons of high explosive bombs and incendiary devices honesty raising sixteen hundred acres of the urban center to smoldering rubble.
"manhattan" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins
"The principal enrichment approach the Celtics Corporation a subsidiary of the Kellogg Corporation created to build various obvious atomic facilities contracts are put in place hiring begins for plant construction college was formed to to keep everything secret documents. Now can you know won't show up and Kellogg's normal files vials and the Keller Corporation by the way now related to Kellogg's cereals which is what I thought for quite some time as as I was preparing suck the Kellogg company was a big in York City based Industrial Construction Company at first I was like what are the frosted flakes and he's at people doing building a nuclear vase yeah we'll Kellogg I need you to build me some giant secret nuke basis and do it fast can I count on you certainly Mr President Bill Boxes Small Tasty Crunchy Cheez waivers if I can make you know Super Sugary Diabetes Cereal Israel and somehow convince Americans is good for them by God I can build you some new basis also in December forty two van of Bush provides Roosevelt with an estimate and placing the total cost for the Manhattan Project Four hundred million almost five times as much of the previous cost estimate if you're hesitates and then eleanor punches him in the solar solar plexus Saturday you week we'll son of a bitch he reluctantly signs and by reluctantly I mean he didn't hesitate he sounded just fine and now before we wrap up nineteen forty two let's let's take a quick break from the timeline for just one last sponsor again today by Anton Satanic big top or less drip show not a reminder there are so many Larry judges I forgot to mention earlier like Ed Kemper model why are there naked ladies America Mercury tingle mammography rose more samples mother Robert Butcher Banger and GonNa be there Giga Geeky Geeky you got the God damn it kills took forget it paranormal pump at wooding zander trails gut we'll be on a end gene teacher Hauser brexit saying Joe lauzon showing up my mob label about the shows again squawks while no mall even even putting their put it in your life back Shirley did we put in her lunch box to come back it stick around after the contest for the after party Andrew Whole Swing and by bringing Air Banjo Jam Band to get busy with Anton the lively they don't don't don't don't don't Tang Tang thing.
"manhattan" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins
"Uranium needed for a bomb meanwhile the Nazis continued attacked our neighbors April ninth nine hundred forty the Nazis invade Denmark Norway April tenth the first I meet the British Committee later code named Maud Committee organized by Henry Tizard there you go I like you Henry to consider Britain's actions regarding the uranium problem research into isotope separation and fast vision is agreed upon Britain knows it may need a new level of weapon in order to stop the fuhrer April twenty seven to so called uranium committee is in the US S. led by US engineer and physicist Lyman Briggs meat for the second time they first met on November I nine hundred thirty nine they decide to postpone research on fast vision and work on critical critical uranium graphite assembly until more small scale lab experiments are conducted to make sure that when they go big with research they move in the right direction right 'cause there's all the different possibilities of how this thing might explode we're trying to get started on the right path and a waste of time may tenth nineteen forty Germany launches a massive assault and Western Europe attacking Holland Belgium France it's June of nineteen forty the Maud Committee that British Research Group officially acquires this name the acronym thought to stand for military application of uranium the nation France Simon German and British physical chemist and physicist begins research on isotope separation through gaseous diffusion on June twenty only seven thousand nine hundred forty the National Defense Research Committee is created to organize scientific resources for war including research on the atom and the vision of uranium things things are starting to pick up July first newly founded National Defense Research Committee headed by Vancouver Bush takes over responsibility for uranium research in his final report Lyman Briggs request one hundred forty thousand dollars more work forty thousand for lab measurements hundred thousand for large-scale uranium grabbed by studies Bush approved only forty grant Bush Keiko cheap cheap on the nukes God knows we hit up to remember nineteen forty physicist John Donovan Herald era began investigating isotope separation techniques without US government support Bush not cutting them check isn't gonNA stop them from pushing forward also November the forty thousand dollar contract from the N. D. R. C. finally comes through lab work begins in Manhattan New York work to assemble a large sub critical pile made of graphite and uranium oxide and that's where the Manhattan project name comes from this you know this initial funded lab in December nine hundred forty the MoD committee in Britain issues a report on isotope separation authored by France Simon the report concludes manufacturing uranium-235 by gaseous? She's diffusion is feasible on a scale suitable for weapons production oh nuclear bombs are looking more possible by the second few months later in February nineteen forty one in American chemists future Nobel Prize winner Glenn Seaborg and his research team discovered plutonium love plutonium. It's a nuclear word that I feel very very confident pronouncing plutonium but Tony Love It on March twenty eighth nineteen forty one chemist Joseph Kennedy Glenn seaborg Italian Physicist Future Nobel no Bill Prize winner Emilio Segue show they they get a plutonium sample undergo slow fishing which implies it is potential bomb material more progress Congress more progress has elsewhere in the world to or at least attempts at atomic progress may have nine hundred forty one took Taro Hegg Awara at the University of Kyoto Koto delivers a speech in which he discusses the possibility of fusion explosions being ignited by Tomic bombs apparently the first such mentioned important to mention the Japan another another access power World War Two also working on atomic weapons during World War Two their weapons program was headed by the scientific temporary of Albert Einstein or a scientific contemporary Dr you'll she'll Nishina Japanese never got very far with their atomic weapons program until April of nineteen forty one Japan and Germany would have their programs was hindered by trouble finding weapon grade uranium they just couldn't find the right isotopes I feel a bit smarter saying that word I did yesterday they could get uranium to thirty eight but not uranium-235 I five sure data tunnel shitty old or v Park Grade Uranium Neil any wannabe nuke master can get to thirty eight's but he couldn't find too you know the the the two thirty fives I mean you want to five I can get you to believe there are ways dude you don't WanNa know about it believe me I like to thirty five by three o'clock this afternoon with Nail Polish Polish yes slipped a little bit of big lebowski stuff for second Adam Stone but top five favorite movie for another reason Japan didn't develop an atomic bomb before for America was poor intelligence just like Germany neither country believed America was capable of pulling off developing the weapons that we did as fast as we did thank God the Manhattan project was kept a secret is it was because of information would have been leaked out it could have changed the war and the future of the world substantially the war would come down to a battle nerds and are nerds were able able to win no in part because of the US government's efforts to maintain total secrecy with this project thank God again that Russia was on our side for the war effort also in May of nineteen forty one after months of growing pressure from scientists in Britain and the US Vancouver Bush at the National Defense Research Committee decided to review the prospects of nuclear energy further engages his Arthur Compton and the National Academy of Sciences for this task he's ready to spend more money the report is issued may seventeenth treats military prospects favorably for power production does is not addressed the design or manufacture of a bomb yet in any detail at the same time Bush creates a larger more powerful Office of Scientific Research and Development Os are empowered to engage in large engineering projects in addition to research and becomes it's director on June twenty second nineteen forty one Nazi Germany invade the Soviet Union Union Germans getting real aggressive across the pond might need to prioritize atomic weapons research on July Fifteenth Nineteen Forty one the Maud Committee approves its final report in disbands the report describes atomic bombs in some technical detail provide specific proposals for how to develop them and includes cost estimates the contents of the MoD the report reads van reach van of Bush but not through official channels quite yet the US has spies as well even inside the ranks of its allies he understands stands that an atomic bomb is now a feasible creation but can they build one quick enough from August is a nineteen forty one enrico Fermi and his team of scientists in Manhattan beginning sub uh assembling a sub critical experimental pile containing thirty tons of graphite eight tonnes of uranium oxide the results indicated pure materials will be needed to create create weapons-grade isotopes in September forty-one Enrico asked Edward Teller whether efficient explosion could ignite a fusion reaction in deteriorate Kim also known as heavy hydrogen ever some studies teller concludes at it is that is impossible to create a hydrogen bomb well after the after the war they would find out that's not true the third September nineteen forty one with Prime Minister Winston Churchill's endorsement the British chiefs of Staff agreed to begin development of an atomic bomb on October third the the report reaches the US through official channels on October Ninth Vancouver Bush brings them out report to President Roosevelt for his consideration FDR asked Bush to determine the cost of an atomic bomb and to explore army construction needs getting serious now on October twenty first variety of American physicists review the British MoD report concluded the review by stating they feel confident they can build an atomic bomb on November first US scientists John Dunning and Eugene Booth and Manhattan demonstrate the first measurable us 235 enrichment went through gaseous diffusion getting closer getting closer all the time December six van of Bush holds a meeting in Washington to organize an accelerated research project and accelerated celebrated is an understatement the advances in science made with the Manhattan project would have probably taken multiple generations to figure out without the huge push it was made that all the money any you'll push towards all the top minds were gathered and able to work together no expense spared once this project really got going now the the US was able to build this the bomb was because of you know national focus the priority given the Manhattan Project December Seventh Nineteen Forty one a day that has lived in infamy Japan Attacks Pearl Oh harbor the next day the US declares war on Japan three days later December eleventh the US declares war in Germany and Italy following their declarations of war against US Americanism skin in the game now even more reason to push it to Tomic project further and faster December eighteenth nineteen forty one first meeting of the S. One project updated updated version of the uranium committee held sponsored by the Office of Scientific Research and development dedicated to the full scale research development of vision weapons January you were a nineteenth forty to President Roosevelt officially approves production of an atomic bomb eleanor mumbles behind him as he signs finally got some balls Mabel puts them lead back in your pencil I'm not sure the Illinois part is true my sources for that quarter a pretty weak actually Arthur Compton creates the METALLURG metallurgical laboratory oriented University of Chicago Acts Consolidated Research Center he transfers work on uranium burners also known as reactors to it oppenheimer organizes a program on fast neutron trump theoretical physics at the University of California Berkeley February nineteen forty two Arthur Compton asked physicist Gregory Breit coordinate physics research on fast neutron phenomena all these these nerds we're kind of so much nurse shipped lab coats being worn around the clock beakers always polished chalkboard filled up with equations papers balled up and thrown in the trash cans and frustration strong nerd hard words thrown about when the numbers don't add up my hack that a flip answer once I son of a biscuit who's fucking crazy you guys April forty two Enrico Fermi relocates to the Chicago met lab is building an experimental pile a low grade nuclear reactor in the stag field squash courts begins plenty of construction the world's first man-made critical pile to be called Chicago pile one simple C. P. one or simply freeze efforts now shift from demonstrating feasibilities securing graphite I fight and uranium of adequate purity and sufficient quantity to get their weapons going may eighteenth nineteen forty two Gregory Breit who's been coordinating physics research on fast neutron phenomenon dominic quits leaving the neutron physics effort without leadership he just felt you know things are moving too slow there would also be numerous security breaches under his watch so he's is step out getaway LE- let somebody else lied and that's when constant asked Oppenheimer to take over in his place may nineteenth forty two Oppenheimer Rights Ernest Lawrence that the atomic bomb problem assault and principal and that six physicists should have the details mostly worked out in six months now he was we bit optimistic here take longer than six months but he you know he was right about not being able to accomplish it and he and he.
"manhattan" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins
"To live in laboratory basement where he successfully completed you had to successfully complete five equations every morning before he got a cold biscuit another two for glass of water one equation every time you needed as you go the bathroom if he didn't at least fifteen equations cranked out every single day he got the motherfucking whip no he was hard like a normal person a grows rosen oppenheimer made a winning team groves got oppenheimer anything he needed for scientific pursuits and Oppenheimer gave groves consistent results Oppenheimer was born April twenty second ninety four by the age of ten he was studying minerals physics and chemistry he didn't choose to be a nerd he was born nerd his corresponds with the New York mini mineral mineral logical club so advanced society invited him to deliver a lecture not realizing he was twelve year old boy you know his childhood reminds me a lot of a lot out of my own childhood in the sense that he was once young boy and I was once young boy and he liked rocks and I liked rocks now that's that's about where the comparisons oppenheimer I'm unrolled Harvard in September of Nineteen twenty two graduated in three years excelling in a wide variety of subjects. Although he majored in Chemistry Oppenheimer Eventually Realizes True Passion was the study physics one thousand nine hundred five began his graduate work in physics at cavendish laboratories in Cambridge England Kevin Dish Oppenheimer realized that his talent was for theoretical not not experimental physics. I remember when I had to make that choice Ma'am so good at like you know theoretical physics and experimental cash where's my heart I I don't know either one of those things is he got accepted he got an accepted an invitation from back Max born director of the Institute of Theoretical Physics at the University of Gotten Neum to study with him in Germany how insane is this when you really think about it to be that fucking smart like you're so smart some director in another country uh of some theoretical physics is like hey do you wanna move to Germany to help us with all these numbers we have lot of numbers may have tried to crunch him his so hard I tried at a crunch him in a way that no human being has ever crunchy sons of bitches before and my colleagues are some of the smartest nerds who ever lived and we're thinking the you might be a smarter nerd that is just bananas to me to be that exceptional at something that gifted to push your mind past where any human mind has gone before Oppenheimer Oppenheimer had the good fortune to be in Europe during a pivotal time in the world of physics as European physicists were then developing the groundbreaking theory of quantum mechanics I get it I know I can say those towards Oppenheimer received his doctorate nineteen twenty seven accepted professorships at the University of California Berkeley and the California Institute of Technology everyone is all up swing on his nerves jock at Berkeley he became good friends with Ernest Lawrence one of the world's top experimental physicists the inventor of the Cyclotron some type of particle accelerator who does use would be instrumental in the success of the Manhattan Project Okay.
"manhattan" Discussed on American History Tellers
"The home country started a business in which he shipped manufactured goods rugs balls cutlery furniture Richard Clay pipes where it would be years before factories would be set up to make such things the settlers Botham and his agent on the island ship back to him furs and tobacco which he resold in Europe before this venture Dewolf had made a comfortable living but now thanks to the Manhattan trade. He became rich enough to buy a fancy house on the hair and correct Amsterdam's most fashionable canal the change was even greater for the Manhattan nights now that it was legal everyone took part in the main activity the replace trading whether you are a barmaid a farmer or a carpenter you invested in shipments of goods being sent to Europe the change also meant the people developed a different different relationship to work where in the old country you tend to be known for one thing you a Miller or a sailor or chandler make candles and soap here. People had their fingers lingers in many pies. A Taylor also grew tobacco. Someone who spent most of the time as the skipper of Hudson River boat was a part time Baker selling bread and sweet Ralph to the people of new Amsterdam partly because of this the guild system of Europe did not take hold on the colony work became more freelance based you you look at for your own interests. Everyone was trying to make a buck or a guilder or doubloon. Currency was actually another arena in which the colony was making it up as it went went. Most people pay debts infers or an Indian Waltham Polish beads made from seashells in all sorts of ways despite the boost that had come from opening ending up trade. Manhattan was still a wild place imagine at sixteen forty three. You were a French priest walking days through the streets of new Amsterdam some years ago you traveled from France to Canada to convert the natives there you had some success among the hurons but Adam Mohawk village further south. You were tortured almost to death. He managed to escape made your way to the nearest Dutch settlement on the Hudson River ever from there you befriend Dutchman named Arend van Curler and he took to Manhattan. Now you stroll streets together and you remark on the bustling little village you you find yourself in. I had heard of this place but I had no idea so lively with a gabled houses and that little canal you'd almost think you're growing Holland. That is exactly the idea. We're trying hard to replicate the old country the gables the taverns the beer specially beer. You feel a stiff stiff. Breeze coming off the harbor in prompts you to reflect you know someday. This place could even surpass Europe surely know Harvard there to match this. The vast -ness of American never ceases to amaze me. You turn your attention to the streets. You were walking on the types of people. Let's true what they say of this place Arabs Arabs and Turks Africans and Europeans delivering mix from the looks of it or more than a few he'd instruction in the ways of Jesus Christ yeah last count there are eighteen languages spoken in New Amsterdam. How can flourish amid such confusion your host laughs. I wondered that myself I make my home up north up river and rents Lerwick so being here in new Amsterdam is as much of a model to me as you but they do say a flourishing not despite the confusion but because of it each of these people you see here has connections to their native land and uses them to make deals every far-flung far-flung trade helps the city to prosper before you can remark on this you hear a terrible cry. It sounds like someone is being tortured. You have a to fresh memories of your own cries others cruel hands so you start to rush down the street hoping to stop the violence. Van curler grabs your arm. No those those cries or greet rainiers Moroccan is inside with her. She's in Labour will be all right. We'll very likely yes. The child will be loved and well cared for Ben. Sally came to the colony pirate and smuggler and greet came as a prostitute but they fell in love married author own farm and cattle and a housing town yet yet. She still plies her trade so the Moroccan may not be no so we will just have to look for Zeppelin's to know this is a godless place. Corset is this Manhattan in American history. Tellers is sponsored by mail chimp. So you want to grow your business..
"manhattan" Discussed on American History Tellers
"The Dutch policy of tolerance which was enshrined in their de facto constitution in fifteen seventy any nine became the backdrop against which the little country rose to dominance in Europe it helped bring about the Dutch Golden Age during which the company became the center of Revolution Russians in Art Science and commerce and it formed the fabric of the colony of new Netherland at home in the Dutch republic. The population contained a mix of different nationalities. The nations turned that diversity to an advantage traveling the world has shippers and making money one byproduct of Dutch diversity was an increasingly mixed population on Manhattan Aten and the other Dutch innovation of the era a new way of doing business was also in the DNA of North American colony. This trait went back to the very beginnings of the Dutch people thanks to US geography. Their corner of Europe was one of the last to be settled. It was flat largely below sea level and essentially one vast river delta where three the of Europe's great rivers drained into the sea thus the settlers who migrated there in the Middle Ages found that each spring their crops were underwater as a rivers changed course this or that the houses they had built on previously dry land were now flooded but rather than move they took remarkable step of banding together as communities and Building building dams and dikes to control the water. The backbreaking work had to be done by hand and it required everyone's participation. Nobody could sit out. This in turn spawned a culture of collectivism. They called it. The polder model a way of building consensus named after upholder land reclaimed from the Z. Everyone in a given town came to meetings of the waterboard. Everyone decided on staff that had to be made when to rebuild a damn how to protect the town and everyone everyone took part for otherwise they would all be under water and in this way the Dutch reclaimed enormous amounts of land from see. This new land wasn't previously easily owned by anyone of course so they divided up among the people in each town. Everyone got a plot and this set up a contrast with the rest of Europe elsewhere. It was at the age of Knights and castles the feudal system which was based on the ownership of large amounts of land by the nobility and the feudal system was fixed. Everyone had their place and rarely moved out of it. A nobleman who owned great tracts of land would give birth to children and only they would inherent that land a peasant gave birth to the only more peasants the system didn't encourage people to search for opportunities to better themselves but when the Dutch created new land and divided it up they discovered that with land ownership came possibility people began making their own money off their own plots throwing flowers or raising cows making cheese building houses his and selling them they became innovators looking for new ways to profit one innovation spawned another and in the fourteen hundreds they cornered the market on the haring industry until that moment all the nations of northern Europe had fished the North Sea for herring but the Dutch began experimenting with a new type of ship a herring buss which was kind of a floating factory where teams of men working assembly line fishing processing and packing the fish they discovered his technique for preserving the fish which which meant they could travel further from shore and have bigger halls. They even created modern means of marketing. They stamped their kegs Holland herring as a way to advertise that there's was the best so that customers would seek it out again. Dominance of the herring trade became the basis for going even further afield in search of profits so win time was born the world's first modern corporation the Dutch east India Company which in sixteen o two became the vehicle for the invention of many of the defining concepts types of capitalism including shares of stock and shareholders the east India company built up massive profits by trading Asia and that rush of wealth was fueling doing the golden age but this new approach to doing business. This entrepreneurialism wasn't initially part of things Manhattan after the stunning success the east India Media Company had trading in Asia another group of investors had created the Dutch west India company. It's territory the West indies encompassed everything from the west coast of Africa to to the East Coast of North America the Caribbean and South America it would not only look for money making opportunities in this vast fear but also for ways to harm the Spanish and sixteen twenty eight the company had great success on both fronts one of its naval captains. Peter Hain managed to capture a sixteen ship flotilla off off the coast of Cuba that was loaded with Spanish silver and gold the bounty worth twelve million Dutch guilders or one billion in today's dollars flooded the country three with wealth and raise the possibility of the west India company matching the success achieved in Asia but it didn't happen. Peete Hain success was never repeated the west India company founded new Netherland in order to do the same thing in the Americas that its sister company was doing in Asia to make staggering amounts of money out of local products but it just wasn't working one reason was the west India company's monopoly. Nobody else could ship firs or tobacco out of Manhattan and with the company rulers in Europe their decrees about how to run the place two months to get to the island and nobody on the ground was empowered to change bad policy as a result piracy started to become a way of life one of new Amsterdam's prominent inhabitants Willem Blau out was a pirate who worked the waters off South America rather than imprison him as an outlaw though the towns leaders chipped in to back his voyages and divided the spoils meanwhile as the company failed to make a profit off it from beaver pelts in tobacco it turned to another commodity when company warships captured Spanish ships in the Caribbean and haul them to Manhattan for processing the Africans Africans who were prisoners on the Spanish ships ended up in new Amsterdam the west India company officials who were frustrated and other lines of commerce shifted their attention to slavery in time the west India company would become one of the dominant players in the slave trade with outposts all along the West African coast at this stage. The first slaves arrived as captured cargo from Spanish ships west India Company privateers or pirates for higher roam the Caribbean in search of prey when they captured Gordon enemy ship they brought it into port new Amsterdam and some of those vessels had imprisoned Africans aboard the company decided to claim them as property and they were put into service on Manhattan slowly slavery evolved in the sixteen thirty s and throughout the lifetime of the Dutch colony. The concept was fluid some white settlers own slaves some considered that the relationship was like indentured servitude back in Europe after a certain period of years the enslaved African was freed. There was also a policy called old half slavery in which the enslave person was allowed an amount of freedom but was still obligated to work for the owner when called upon there were also free Africans living in Manhattan atten who owned property and farmed but no matter what their status most Europeans viewed Africans as fundamentally inferior and treated them such imagine it's January sixteen forty one urine enslaved African from Angola. You've you've lived on Manhattan for fifteen years working as a slave to the company right now you're standing in freezing weather outside the Fort Shivering with cold fright and anger. You're not long ago. One of your fellow enslave Africans was killed nine slaves including you were accused of killing the man now Willem Kieft. The director stands before you all and much of the town's population is in a big circle around you watching the spectacle. He addresses all nine of you. Since no one confesses to the a crime we will let the Almighty point to the truth heaved holds out his hand. They're nine sticks in it. Each of you take one one by one the others pullout sticks. They're all the same size when it's your turn you pull and it's shorter than young crowd erupts. The Almighty L. Ninety has spoken prepare the gallows big men. Well is the murderer I didn't do it. This is this is wrong. I served the company for years to style soldiers grab you and drag you to the gallows they wrap not one but two ropes around your neck and hall you the latter know who committed the crime but you won't tell you think of your home in Angola of Your capture years ago by the Portuguese to the Spanish and being captured by Dutch ship and and brought here catch a quick glimpse in the crowd of your wife and child just had time to shout out to them. I love you and then they pull out the ladder from beneath anything and you're on the ground look around dazed. Crowd is shouting not one but both ropes broke doc crowd chance that this is a sign from God director. Keith looks annoyed what he nods. Theed God is shown the way we're free to go blank scan the crowd. Your wife rushes to you and holds you in her arms. Tears fill your is your life has been one long long series of remarkable twists and turns and this is the strangest of all live here on Dutch Manhattan who continue people will talk about fate they will also go on about Dutch tolerance. What a special thing it is. Do you already know how hollow that notion is. Maybe applies to white Europeans but not to you now. You have some grim thoughts about Dutch justice about Willem Kieft man who is administering it here so the enslaved residents of new Amsterdam lived alongside everyone else they went to church with the other residence and despite their inferior status they had some rights the Dutch system which they exercised Manuel Garrett the man who survived his hanging once sued a Dutchman who hadn't paid him for work he'd done and one five five years after the hanging episode he won half freedom with ten other enslaved Africans and was given land north of the city living out his life as a farmer with his family but he may not have forgiven will key for using lots to sentence him to be hanged. His animosity was shared by others as well. Kieft was making enemies among his his townspeople both black and white and not long after arriving he had no experience that would prepare him for running a colony in the wilderness and managing its diverse population and yet had several business ventures and failed at all of them but he had good connections may have gotten the job through nepotism. Perhaps as a defense mechanism he responded responded to complaints with increasing harshness and haughtiness he took a referring to himself not as company director but as France and to the growing irritation of the residents it began shielding himself from criticism with a dark pronouncement Prince is above the law American history tellers is sponsored by Quip Gustave Flaubert wrote be regular and orderly in your life like a bourgeois joie so that you may be violent and original in your work. I try to remember those words when life gets hectic when my mind races as we hustle out the house each morning routines are what makes the violent.
"manhattan" Discussed on American History Tellers
"Imagine it's the spring of sixteen thirty eight. You're an Englishman from Virginia just arrived in New Amsterdam. The tiny Dutch city city perched at the tip of a wilderness island called Manhattan as you step off the boat you encounter a raucous crowd on the waterfront people of different nationalities hollering offering a variety of languages. They're gathered around a woman. She's holding a broomstick which has notches cut into it. Standing next to you in the crowd is a huge Dr Skin fellow from his dress. You think he must be from some exotic place. You introduce yourself. How do you do sir my name's Thompson. I'm English from Liverpool the pool originally but recently I've Been Virginia the other man extends his hand Anthony Van Sally from Morocco. Have you come for the smuggling. I beg your pardon never mind. I see your man of business. New Amsterdam is a good place for profits. That's what I'm hoping some of my fellow Englishman Virginia Genius told me to keep away from here but I'm a practical man and I know the Dutch traders. I'm hoping I can do business for what exactly is going on here. Ben Sally nonce towards the woman who seems quite happy to be at the center of the fuss. That's greet rainiers. She's a local legend the first prostitute in new the answer damn. She calls herself now. Of course there are many but she has her claim to fame agreed. This gentleman wants to know what you're up to. The woman looks suit and gives a welcoming smile. How do you do sir. Maybe you'll be wanting to visit me sometime and if that's the case you should know that I expect prompt payment for services render this Gen Tier. She points at the angry man well. He refused to pay. I measure each of my customers on his broomstick here and as you can see this fellow comes up short in more ways than one. The crowd erupts in laughter. The man at the center of the storm looks even more furious. He makes a move towards. I greet with the back of his hand. As if slapper you feel a sudden burst of outrage at this thrust yourself between them have you no shame sir. If you harm this woman you'll have me to deal with with the crowd ause as you're brave words but you start to wonder at the wisdom of your act. The man looks like he knows how to fight reaches for a knife in his belt Justin. Though the Moroccan steps forward wraps huge arm around greet shoulder she puts her arm around his waist and gives him a loving squeeze. No it's me you'll have to deal with. Nobody touches my love not unless he's paying customers crowd roars and laughter and the angry man slink away. You are left to wonder what places this from laundry. I'm Lindsey Graham and this is American history tellers our history. Your story in the raucous crowd that gathered at the waterfront in new Amsterdam was a window into what made early Manhattan distinctly Dutch in the sixteen hundreds what it meant to be Dutch as opposed to English or Spanish involved to innovations was free trade. The Beginnings of the American can form of capitalism. The other was toleration putting up with people who don't worship the same way who speak another language or rely on other customs the two concepts I became rooted in Manhattan with a Motley crew of new arrivals and would grow to shape the future of New York and profound and lasting ways the series is written by Russell Muscle Shorto and based on his bestselling book the island at the center of the world. This is episode three pirates and prostitutes. The American history tellers brought to you by chase. It all happened in one phone. Call Your Life completely rearranged and under ten minutes. You just had a new baby but now a new job in a new city so that meant a new house and now you can afford it. The down payment has pretty much wiped your savings but that's what it was therefore right to to be able to move into your own home on your own. You're thinking about the long term and thankfully so as chase actively managing your mortgage showing you how you can lower your monthly payment so as a chase customer you'll watch your savings grow in overtime..
"manhattan" Discussed on American History Tellers
"Fields that one can lie down and eat them near the exact center of the island was a little stream where they could stop to fish and the settlers voters named the Indian trail that ran the length of the island to heron bag or the gentleman's way later to be called Broadway as those first years flew by the more and more settlers arrive because life was still good in the home country. Many of their rivals were from ethnic minorities people who like Catalin yours were left out of the economic economic boom at home Poles Danes Scandinavians Turk an Italian Manhattan was becoming a place unlike any other a multi-ethnic port were all sorts of languages could be heard and religions practiced religion and attitudes toward it was becoming a defining feature of the colonization of America work in Europe. It was a great age of religious warfare when religious intolerance was official policy in most places as nations competed to get ahead aligning people people around a shared religion was often an essential strategy religion was such an incendiary force. It stood to reason that a society comprised of a mix of different face could would only dissolve into chaos in France and Spain for example religious intolerance was considered good policy. The same was true in England which which was why Christian sects that wanted to break from the Church of England went elsewhere in search of new homes while the Dutch were settling Manhattan the English puritans chose their own colleen America in New England as their shining city on a hill their new Jerusalem there they would have the freedom to follow their stricter form of protestantism alongside them in England. Were another religious sect. The pilgrims were in fact a breakaway from the breakaway. They thought the PURITANS didn't go far enough often the reforms and they too left England but they went first to the Dutch provinces which everyone knew was tolerant of different faiths. These pilgrims spent twelve twelve years in the Dutch city of Leiden but a group of an left for America because ironically a very tolerance that had initially attracted them in Leiden Haydn their children mingled with people of other faiths and the pilgrim parents didn't like that the Dutch policy of tolerance had come about in part because the Dutch provinces is our flat and thus easy to invade or flee to giving Dutch cities large immigrant populations secondly the Dutch found the tolerance was actually good for a business it helped fuel the Golden Age in North America new Amsterdam also enjoyed the fruits of this liberal attitude toward religion. There was always an element have cows about the place but he was functioning with its mix of people's Peterman. We felt good about his city and his colony in its success and he wanted to reach out all all of the Dutch new Amsterdam knew that the English pilgrims had sailed from light into the Plymouth colony just a few hundred miles from the north and so then we decided it was time for them to visit imagine this March of sixteen twenty seven. You're an ambassador from New Netherland sailing into the Port New Plymouth the home of the pilgrims your English neighbors to the north. You WanNa make an impression so you order flourish of trumpets to announce your arrival. The pilgrim leaders and.
"manhattan" Discussed on American History Tellers
"The ship new Netherland Roland in early March of sixteen twenty four the Captain Cornelius may steered straight south passing the coast of France and Spain then headed into the rougher waters of the the North Atlantic passing Morocco on route toward the Canary Islands. Finally he turned his sales westward and beat a course across the Atlantic leaving. All sign of land must have been a terrifying experience while the Dutch were born seaman. The wounds were mere farmers many of whom had never even seen the ocean before fortunately fortunately the wind was with them which made it a relatively short passage only two months in total in early. May steered into the Great Harbor that formed the heart of the Dutch colony the same Harvard that had first drawn the attention of Henry Hudson years earlier but no sooner had they done so then they spotted a ship flying the French colors captain may announced to his passengers that there would be a delay possibly violent one. He was under orders from the states general the Dutch governing body to defend the Dutch claim to the territory captain may communicate his orders to the French ship which replied that it was here to claim the territory for France Catalina must have had a few hours of mounting society as the messages went back and forth she couldn't have helped but consider the possibility that her dream of a new life in America would end before she even set foot on the continent after a while and once captain may showed he was prepared to use his cannons. The French ship backed down as the Dutch escorted the French vessel out of the Harbor off Catalina your saw firsthand the uncertainty of new world politics this might look like a wilderness but European powers were already thinking ahead the new ring to control pieces of it the Dutch ship continued its voyage and sailed past the thickly wooded island island of Manhattan and continued one hundred fifty miles up the Hudson River to a spot near the CO host falls there they disembarked and rejoiced at the feel of firm Earth beneath with their feet and then they got to work on their first two tasks building a fort and getting crop in the ground after the fourth four bastions were up they busy themselves with constructing individual houses and by mid summer the settlers had simple but serviceable homes and the grain they had planted was rising high from the fields the the first year or so the settlement was peaceful serene. Even there was the richness of the land to marvel at and the wide muscular rises of the mountains their reason for being in this location was trade the Hudson River which ran north south intersected with Mohawk river which went East West the west India Company had founded the colony of new Netherland excellent as a for profit enterprise and its directors placed their hopes on the for trade yours and Catalina helped establish that trade with native Americans who trapped beavers in other animals along the Mohawk river the unions brought their pelts downriver to the Ford the settlers traded for them pack them onto ships and then sent them down to the southern reaches of the Hudson River then their fellow colonists transferred them to larger vessels to make the transatlantic voyage back home in Amsterdam. The beaver pelts were processed into felt which which was highly prized in Europe because it was both lightweight and warm the Dutch trading expedition got off to an excellent start in their first full year yours and Catalina Selena and the other Fort Orange settlers obtain close to five hundred otter pelts and more than five thousand beavers from the natives for which they traded guns pots knives chiefs and other items of value to the local people at the same time. They were busy building homes and planting crops. They were delighted that first autumn that their grain wheat rye barley oh you notes had grown as high as a man one settler noted and after that three ships arrived from the home country whose names the cow the horse and the sheep announced. It's the precious cargo that each carried the animals grew strong and the fertile land was abounding with grass pasture slowly through grinding effort yours. Joris and Catalina and the handful of other settlers were making a home and of this rich wildland and then you're after they arrive Catalina in yours gave birth to their daughter Order Sara which was the first child of the new colony relations with the local tribes were good to Catalina said they were all quiet as lambs in those years there's ready and willing to trade the settlers learned enough of their languages to compile rough dictionaries and as they visited the native villages the Dutch reported home what they were like the dwellings are circular with event hole above let out the smoke and mostly made of the bark of trees they sleep on the ground covered with leaves and skins the women so so skins into clothing prepare bread cooked meat while a man hunt with arrows the Dutch settlers became fascinated by the ways of the surrounding tribes including the Organization Organization of their society. There is little authority among these nations. One report said they live all equally free in each village. There is one who commands in war but once the fight is ended his authority ceases they are very much afraid of death but when they are faced with it they are very brief. The peaceful life of the first year of the settlement ended when Captain Van Creek and back got his Dutch soldiers entangled in the dispute between the Mohawks and Mohicans suddenly the paradise that Catalina had dreamed of while still on the canalside in Amsterdam vanished and two years of hard work looked to be erased instead of farm animals and crops she was faced with corpses riddled with arrows and felt a crippling tripling fear now she and her fellow settlers were digging not to plant crops but to bury the dead as they dug the graves the settlers discuss what to do. Could they flee back to Europe where the native Americans who had been so open and friendly before about to turn on them slaughter them before long though a ship arrived live from the southern part of the river with news in new orders the leader of the colony had been ousted and was being sent back to the Home Country Yours Catalina and others at Fort Orange were to board the ship and head south. There was a new leader. You've traveled throughout the colony. He understood the flaws with the initial settlement strategy.
"manhattan" Discussed on American History Tellers
"Magin. It's the spring of Sixteen Twenty six. YOU'RE A Dutch soldier part of an expedition in the Wilderness of North America one hundred fifty miles up river from Manhattan Batan Island. Your people have struck a friendship with Mahyco natives in the region. This is their ancestral homeland which agreement allows you and other Dutch newcomers to farm and build homes here around a small wooden fort. You're part of a military contingent attached to the settlement. You're standing just inside the fort at the edge of the forest along the shore. You're the Hudson River. There are two groups gathered here your own men dot soldiers with their flint lock muskets slung over their shoulders and a party of Mohican. Indians dressed in deer skins ends with long black hair armed with bows and arrows. You're listening intently as your leader captain. Daniel Van Creek and back is locked in conversation with the MOHICAN leader. You're a man named Mona. They speak in a mix of the HEACON and Dutch Monan is pleading. We need your help. Our villages under attack the Mohawks are ancient ancient enemy have sworn to destroy us Ben Creek and back nods in sympathy. I understand my friend and we made an agreement with you. We haven't alliance but you. I feel the need to interrupt here captain with respect. May I remind you that we have very clear orders. We are to remain neutral to stay out of disputes between Indian Tribes Banchory. Entry Comeback looks troubled. He lied you outside the Fort. There are about a dozen small houses scattered about built by your people. Each is the home of a young couple. Some of the women who are planting crops in their little patches of farmland are pregnant. It's a peaceful scene set against the broad upward sweep of the forest hillside. Something ominous hangs is in the air. The captain puts his arm around your shoulder. See these are people in my job is to protect them. We can't live here alone. If we help help them. They will help us. Don't you understand I do sir but but I also have heard that the Mohawks are stronger than the Mohicans but this is how you you maintain strengthen the wilderness together. We are stronger than one alone. It's my job to make alliances. I'm a man of my word. Fen Creaking can back leads you back.
"manhattan" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"Areas of the city, even so Nagasaki witness, the same horrors as Harris Shema the instant obliteration of everyone and everything within a half mile of the explosion, the bright light and heat and the massive fires all in all an estimated forty thousand people or a third of the city's population died in the aftermath of fat man's explosion. But the blast wasn't the worst of the damage beginning about a week after the bombings people who had been in or near hero Shema in Nagasaki began exhibiting strange symptoms of an unusual medical condition dubbed disease X or the atomic plague patients blood wouldn't clot. So they bled to death from minor injuries. Others watched their flesh rot away seemingly healthy people would begin to feel ill and. Then dropped dead of no obvious cause and the best doctors in Japan were unable to explain what caused the strange illnesses based on prior testing United States. Scientists knew that the bomb would emit radiation. But they had never end -ticipant at the radiation would be enough to cause sickness or death. They believed anyone close enough to the explosion to receive a lethal dose of radiation would die from the blast. Well, before they could begin exhibiting the symptoms of radiation poisoning on August, twelfth nineteen forty five in anticipation of imminent, Japanese surrender groves issued orders to form Manhattan project, atomic bomb investigating groups. These groups comprised of Manhattan project engineers, and physicists would travel to hear a Shema and Nagasaki to study the results of the atomic bomb explosion, the terms the United States had offered the Japanese included. Allied occupation. Until the Japanese could offer convincing proof that they were completely d materialized and the investigating groups would work with those occupying forces while Manhattan project. Researchers had already conducted tests in the desert. This was their first and only chance to review the aftermath of bomb's explosion in a city where people lived on August seventeenth. The first investigating group arrived in Nagasaki. They spent about a month examining the physical damage of the atomic bomb. Typhoons delayed the hero Shema investigating group who didn't arrive at their destination until September twenty sixth and only had ten days to gather data in order to be compliant with their orders for a prompt report. Both investigating groups determined that while ambient radiation in and around here. Shema and Nagasaki was elevated. It was still within a safe range visits to hospice. Settles demonstrated that there were no cases of radiation poisoning. Among people who had arrived in here Shema or Nagasaki after the bombs were dropped as for those who had been in the cities at the time of detonation, the evidence of radiation poisoning, was unavoidable and sobering. Based on the reports they received general groves decided to cover up evidence of the so called atomic plague reports from the Manhattan project, atomic bomb investigating groups were classified photography and video recording in and around here, Shema and Nagasaki was banned when a Japanese film crew recording footage for a film reel arrived in Nagasaki on October twenty four th nineteen Forty-five the US military officials occupying the city ordered them to stop recording and confiscated their footage around that same time. The US army deployed a cameraman named Lieutenant McGovern to record the. Aftermath of the hero Shema and Nagasaki bombings and send the footage back for review among officials posted stateside McGovern combine the Japanese newsreel footage with his own original shots destroyed buildings. The sick the injured and those suffering from the atomic plague the finished project clocked in at nearly three hours. The officials who viewed the movie determined its content top secret and classified it. So it would not be available to the public a member of mcgovern's crew. Herbert Suzanne would later say, quote, the government could not release the film what it showed was to horrible. And quote, the footage wasn't declassified until nineteen sixty eight after the Japanese government spent over a decade pressuring the US government to release it that year a film scholar named Eric barn. Oh, found the old footage in the national archives. And edited. Down to a sixteen minute short that screened at the museum of modern art in New York City for the first time, the American public was able to view firsthand the effects of the atomic bombs that had been developed and dropped twenty three years earlier in nineteen forty five newspaper articles in.
"manhattan" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"Now back to the story. Before we delve into the specifics of the atomic bombs development from nineteen forty one to nineteen forty five this one more key figure involved in the Manhattan project to discuss William Lawrence dubbed, atomic Bill. We already mentioned him earlier this episode Lawrence wrote about the discovery of you to thirty five and eventually the report on the bombing of Nagasaki Lawrence was the science reporter for the New York Times and in his pursuit of breaking scientific news. He frequently reported on early developments in nuclear research before the government began classifying atomic studies on January thirty first nineteen thirty nine Lawrence. Ran an article titled vast energy freed by uranium atom reporting on the immense energy released when scientists split a uranium atom the next year Lawrence reported on the discovery of you to thirty five as disgust. Earlier this episode then in September nineteen forty his article the atom gives up featured information, so sensitive the director of the Manhattan project general grows began tracking library access in order to identify and track Americans who had an unusual interest in atomic energy in nineteen Forty-five groves recruited Lawrence to serve as a reporter on the Manhattan project counter intuitive. As it sounds groves wanted a reporter on site for his top secret classified military operation. So that key breakthroughs could be documented and released to the public after the project was declassified Lawrence had shown an unusual knack for finding in reporting on nuclear breakthroughs, and he may have been recruited to the Manhattan project. So that grows could control. What information Lawrence published and win throughout Lawrence's service in the Manhattan project? None of. Reports were published and from the perspective of the public. He simply stopped reporting without explanation is final New York Times article ran on March tenth nineteen Forty-five and he joined the Manhattan project in April of the same year. But during his long public silence, he witnessed several key moments in atomic research, including the world's first ever, atomic bomb test the Manhattan project in spite of its name was a nationwide effort it incorporated locations throughout the United States, including Los Alamos, New Mexico. Oak Ridge, Tennessee and Dayton, Ohio where Monsanto developed a necessary radioactive element called polonium to ten. That's the same on Santo. That is well known today as an agricultural company that develops genetically engineered crops, but in the middle of the twentieth century Monsanto was primarily a chemical. Company the head of Monsanto central research department. Dr Charles Allen Thomas joined the Manhattan project in nineteen forty three to assist in research at Los Alamos by summer of that same year Manhattan project engineers knew they would need to generate more polonium to continue their efforts Thomas assumed that responsibility using the Ohio Monsanto facilities to develop the polonium. Soon. Thomas realized Monsanto needed to expand to meet the military's needs in Dayton, Ohio. They re purposed a warehouse a school and a sports complex into administrative offices laboratories and a polonium production plant that very same polonium. They generated was used in the little boy and fat man bombs dropped in hero Shema and Nagasaki in August nineteen Forty-five. Meanwhile,.
"manhattan" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"Not to mention the Manhattan project would provide him with resources. He'd never have otherwise to unlock the secrets of the physical world. It was an exciting prospect for a passionate physicist of any political persuasion in nineteen forty two shortly after the United States officially entered World War Two j Robert Oppenheimer joined the Manhattan project to help develop the atomic bomb he oversaw operations in Los Alamos, New Mexico. A location known as site y due to Oppenheimer's ties to the. Communist party, he almost failed his security clearance check, but given his brilliance and his passion for physics, the head of the Manhattan project general groves convinced his project security officer to make an exception the race to develop the first atomic bomb. Inspired some risky decision making on the part of the Manhattan. Project's leaders as for Auburn Heimer from the beginning he had mixed feelings about his work on the project on the one hand he was violating his ethical beliefs by building a bomb potentially the most deadly bomb in the history of mankind on the other hand Oppenheimer believe that a single bomb might end the war immediately saving uncountable lives of soldiers in the long term. Ultimately, the atomic bomb. Could even be a tool for peace. Perhaps he reasoned after World War Two the threat of nuclear weapons would even be strong enough to. Terrent and war for all time looking back. It's clear that he was incorrect. Oppenheimer may not have been fully convinced either. But he committed himself to bettering humanity by developing the most destructive weapon the world had ever seen. Coming next will examine Oppenheimer's work. As the giant grew closer in syllabus realized something was wrong instead of legs in syllabus and his brother giants slithered onto large serpents with snapping MAs. Where the feature would be but this giant serpents weren't snapping and it's face sagged an era whizzed past Enceladus face. This wasn't a giant. It was God you foolish foolish giant, no one rebels against the gods in escapes unscathed. A Thenia the goddess of war and wisdom peeled off the face of a giant she'd flayed alive revealing her own face dripping with blood..
"manhattan" Discussed on Conspiracy Theories
"However today, we're just focusing on the official story of the project next week will explore conspiracy theories around the project worke, Manhattan project officials relaying confidential information to the Soviet Union while they posed as loyal patriots did the development of atomic weapons attract attention from extraterrestrials ended Manhattan. Project officials intentionally falsify records regarding the risks of nuclear byproducts like fluoride, which are still present in our drinking water today. Finally, we'll discuss some more oddball theories, for example, that key mathematical formulas that contributed to Tomek weapon development were discovered. As a result of trans dimensional travel or that the Manhattan project was founded on the orders of a secret pagan society for today, though, we'll just focus on the official story of the Manhattan project. A story that starts years before the project officially began. One of the earliest figures nuclear science was a physicist named Leo Sealord. He was born in Budapest, Hungary, and was a close friend other physicists, including Albert Einstein in nineteen thirty three the same year. Adolf? Hitler became chancellor of Germany sealers fled to London as a refugee from Nazi persecution later sealer Einstein both relocated to the United States of America where sealer accepted a teaching position at Columbia University on September twelfth nineteen thirty three c lard Reddin newspaper report about a speech by physicist named Ernest. Rutherford who declared splitting atom to be impossible. Sealer disagreed with Rutherford's conclusion and went for a walk to muse over the topic. As he waited for a traffic light to change sealer had a flash of inspiration and envisioned a nuclear chain reaction to understand how a nuclear chain reaction works. Let's break things down to the basics. All matter is made up of atoms which in turn are made up of three kinds of particles..
"manhattan" Discussed on 99 Percent Invisible
"Movie dot com slash nine nine fear extended free trial as i mentioned earlier miss manhattan was the first time work with our composer sean and during our retreat last weekend i pulled sean out of a rousing game of dixit dixit anyway and ask them how that came about was in my car i was walking dogs as a job and i got a text from avery that just said what you want to compose music for the show and i like had to pull over because i was so excited it was felt like a dream come true do you remember anything specific about the music from this episode audrey munson episode in particular that you were really proud of one of the challenges i was having was i really wanted to get the right textures for it because it felt it felt like such a special story and it felt like it was this architecture that was coming to life that like had life in it audrey munson personality that was like info used in these sculptures and one of the things that i felt really satisfied about was this one sound i got when i was trying to think like what is like stone and marble and those kinds of things what kind of texture would feel representative of that and have this thing called the clock and spiel it's like a little phone that's made of metal and it's more of like a chiming kind of sound and usually hit it and you hear it in a lot of indie folk bands and stuff so i like to and i've done this before just taking abo like a cello bow and just seeing what it does with pretty much anything and so i so you thinking like those kinds of exercises i took the cello and i put it on the glock spiel and it had a very kind of course texture to it while still like maintaining it's like beautiful tone it had like very like specific tone and so like actually took two bows and i was able to make.