10 Burst results for "Leslie Alexander"

"leslie alexander" Discussed on KQED Radio

KQED Radio

09:40 min | 1 year ago

"leslie alexander" Discussed on KQED Radio

"From from from from from the U. S. And then now we have the rise also. The bean. Everything comes from the U. S. And the national production is so low that the quote of the national products are too high for the people to buy an interestingly that is a pattern that also stems back to the to the 19th century. You know Haiti, and it's significant when you think about the size of Haiti that in terms of square mileage, it's a relatively small country. But even in the 19th century, Haiti was the fourth most important trade partner. The United States had Haiti consumed and relied heavily upon, um manufactured goods being exported from the United States. And even while the United States government was refusing to recognize Haiti as a sovereign and independent nation United States, merchants and the United States economy was benefiting in measurably from its economic relationship with Haiti and the economic dependence that Haiti had on United States manufactured goods. But you know, the United States had that kind of neo imperial economic relationship with a lot of countries. But none of them. Were as desperate As Haiti. What's the Haitian difference? 130 years ago, Frederick Douglass said the world would not allow Haiti a place in the sisterhood of nations. Is that just as true today? I mean, you know Guatemala, Honduras, Um Nicaragua All had, um post colonial neo imperial ist, uh, relationships through united fruit and other U. S multinationals. Where U. S interests on the railroads and the port facilities. The United States caused the creation of Panama, carving it out of Colombia and and having the canal built, uh The United States is a huge power, throwing its weight around in a lot of places. What's the Haitian? Difference is it still treated? In differently in the way that Frederick Douglass noted that it would not be allowed to join the Sisterhood of Nations. Evelyn. What do you think I take from the start without being ban Oia? I think from the start, you know, there was a There was a willingness desire to keep 80 you know, like Ah, bad list the example not to follow. I think this traditions of footing 80, you know, side You know, keep you know the actually the contemporary states to pretty differently We have to. You have to images of here You have this image that eighties west countries of the Western universe. And At the symptoms. You have the idea of a nation. That that strength up By swats against Powerful nation of friends at the time, but it was not something Possible. You know, And you have those two images that are fighting all the time. When you talk about 80. I travel a lot and I find you know these people looking at you like you're formality. And it's like, yeah, 80 the image of 80, and at the same time you have the image as a foregone thing. So I think it's something that we are. Uh, we have to. We have to use that as Asian. I'm saying that we have to use those talk to find a way. But my My main problem is not only with the foreign powers, I think The main problem is the A little bitty. There's an Asian elite. That is so Um The line to anything that is not his own interest. Very small. L it very small early, but Uh, very oblivious to anything else. You know, people like die of hunger. People might have nowhere to sleep. They don't care. They just care about their own thinkers, and they are willing to deal with the foreign countries. Whatever the demands to stay with their benefits and the advantage and that is the main problem of a so Leslie Alexander. Let's close by looking ahead. Is there anything that you can see in the offing that would allow Haiti to break this cycle to get the kind of traction it needs to Rebuild its economy rebuild its civic society rebuild a polity where presidents leave office when their term expires rather than when they're assassinated. If I could. I'd like to just say I would like to address that. But if I could, I'd like to say something just quickly about the Frederick Douglass speech that you just cited because I think at the core of that speech is something really important, um, for your listeners to grasp, he delivered that speech in 18 93 at the Chicago Chicago's World Fair. And it was more than 30 years after the United States government had finally agreed to recognize Haiti diplomatically, And yet Douglas is still very frustrated about the fact that Haiti was being excluded from what he described as the Sisterhood of nations. But what's significant about what he says in that speech is the reason why Haiti is being excluded from the sisterhood of nations. And what he says in that speech is Haiti is black. And we have not yet forgiven Haiti for being black. And I think that really goes to the core of what is significant about this story that American United States independence. Can be celebrated. And the American Revolution every July. 4th. You know, we have cookouts and fireworks and we celebrate. Um this the the United States Quest for Freedom and liberty. And yet when black people Formerly enslaved people seek the same liberty and freedom for themselves. They are demonized and continue to be to this day. And I think at the core of this story is one in which The white Western world has still not forgiven Haiti for being black for being a nation that had the courage and the bravery and the audacity. To be a sovereign black free, independent nation. And I think that that is really at the core of the story in terms of thinking about going forward, and Evelyn is probably more qualified to speak to this than I am. But I would say that I think really, what needs to happen is that Haiti actually finally needs to be allowed to govern itself and that the Haitian people need to be able to have the sovereignty of self governance and true self governance without foreign intervention, and that the Haitian people speaking to her point about the elite that the Haitian people need to have the ability and the freedom To be able to fully, um, govern themselves and to be self determining, um about their own destiny. I would say from my perspective, I would also really like to see black activists in the United States have the same commitment to Hades freedom and autonomy and sovereignty as they did in the 19th century. And I would like to see black folks are around the diaspora rallied behind Haiti in the way that they did in the 19th century. But I really think at the core of this is a question of whether Haiti is going to be forgiven for being black and whether the Haitian people are ever going to be allowed to have the freedom to fully govern themselves. Ever listen to Yo, I think that's the question. That's the question and this is a matter that was that is very, very building it for us relevant for us right now. And that's why you have a lot of young people taking to the states now and asking for the Liberty to talk about the country and to act about photo country to decide what to do. And that's what we've been fighting for. For the last five years, you know, marching and asking for the U. S. For friends for Canada for all those countries, friends already please let us be. Let us be a letter shoes. But I would like to go back to something You said today about the ancient president being assassinated. Four million or four for meeting or six. Let's see. We had four visited as assassinated. And you know the lady no more. No more. And I think the U. S had law. You know, I'm not, you know, talking about all the states men being assassinated in the U. S. But this is part of the Of the media coverage of 80 You know they the focus on that Also, you know they assassinated President Lady to show the violence. But you know, for the amount of poverty.

Leslie Alexander Frederick Douglass 19th century Douglas six Evelyn American Revolution U. S. Colombia United States 80 Four million two images 18 93 Haiti today 130 years ago July. 4th four Canada
"leslie alexander" Discussed on KQED Radio

KQED Radio

08:53 min | 1 year ago

"leslie alexander" Discussed on KQED Radio

"19 years until 1934 and the population does not forget that. You know, when you occupy the country, you live a mug and you know the population. Uh, feel it like, uh, like violation. That's what it was. That's why it's very relation. Most Americans don't know that we occupied the country. For 19 years. This is Something in the consciousness of Haitians. Not very much in the consciousness of the countries that actually we're doing this to Haiti. But how does this visit itself as a practical matter on the day to day if you work in the port? If you're a shopkeeper in Porter, Prince What does that have to do with your contemporary reality and the trouble that Haiti has moving forward after repeated setbacks? We had a lot of people living the rural regions to come to the cities and that started with the U. S commissioner meeting because there was no way they were going to work there. Because the U. S occupation the very first people who suffered for me all the business of eating Leslie Alexander. How do you answer that? Same question. Yeah. I just want to absolutely briefly that at the beginning of the U. S occupation of Haiti, 80% of the Haitian government's annual budget was going to pay France. And French banks That's almost 100 years. After the terms of the indemnity had been agreed to And at that point, Haiti's governmental budget 80% of it is still going to pay France for the indemnity. What most people don't know. Is that following the U. S occupation of Haiti The United States essentially became Hades New creditor. So Haiti finally pays off its debt to France. But it does so by borrowing the money from the United States and U. S banks. And so the United States becomes hatred's newest creditor, and in order to pay off that debt now to the United States, they are depleting their gold reserves. They're leaving the country utterly be raft of resources again, just to give you a sense of this in 2010. Shortly before the earthquake, Haiti sent 90% of its foreign reserves to financial institutions in Washington, D. C. To try to pay down its national debt. So the indemnity is not an ancient historic 19th century story only right? It is also a very recent contemporary reality, which is that For centuries now. Haiti has been trying to pay off what should have been its fundamental right which is to simply exist as a free and sovereign nation. The thing is that most people in the U. S. And even in France, they don't know about this. You know, they keep on repeating what you were saying. Professor Alexander like it is the poorest country of the Western universe. It's fair, but they don't know about. They don't know because I had the opportunity to speak. With students from universities in the US the Ivy leagues, they don't know about it. It's not bad of what they teach them Ministery and like Now, there are some efforts being done in France. I know also in the US to talk about it. Mhm and I think that part of the problem about people's ignorance regarding this history. And this contemporary reality about Haiti is that Haiti then somehow becomes apologized. It's like what is wrong with Haiti. But it is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. You know, poor Haiti. It becomes this sort of victimization of Haiti. But it's pathologize in such a way that it's like, why can't those black people govern themselves? And the reality is that we have to come to terms with why Haiti is in the circumstances that it it is in it is by design as the U. S been content. To have a badly run Haiti off its coast of since the revolution, since, uh, the world's first successful slave rebellion. Established the world's first black led republic. I mean, I would go a step farther than that. I would say that Not only has the US been content, but I think the U. S has desired. Haiti to be an unstable, vulnerable nation. Um, from the time of its founding, the United States had the United States government historically and contemporary, Lee Has sought to, um disrupt Hades internal politics to topple leaders and insert people that they felt were more amenable to US economic interests. And it does, in fact, stem all the way back to the 19th century. Um, throughout much of the 19th century, for example, and this is something about US history and US foreign policy that most people don't know. The United States repeatedly over the course of decades, sought to re colonise and reimpose slavery in Haiti. Um some of the most famous attempts at that took place at times when Haiti was internally unstable, and I think again the historical context for this is is important because a lot of the internal Uh, political instability that takes place in Haiti during the 19th century is the result of problematic policies that Haitian leaders put into place in an effort to try to meet the terms of the indemnity right. The Haitian government is finding itself economically strapped Having to pay. The French government but not really having the financial resources in order to be able to do it, and so they impose problematic, exploitative policies. That are naturally undesirable to the residents of the nation. For example, they impose heavy and impossible to meet taxation policies. Trying to find ways to raise money to pay France and then people naturally rebel against that, right, So there's constant upheaval in Haiti. The United States government capitalizes on that instability. And repeatedly attempts to go into Haiti. Take control, seize control over the government and reimpose slavery. They attempted to do it in 18, 45 and 18 51 in 18 54 all the way through 18 56 really all the way up until the outbreak of the U. S. Civil War. The United States government attempts multiple times. To go in, seize control over the Haitian government and reimpose slavery, Um, in the territory and, of course throughout the 20th century. Um, it's something that the United States repeatedly continues to do. We discussed the occupation, the military occupation by the United States of Haiti for almost 20 years. And then, of course, we see in the case of the Duvalier regime and numerous presidencies that have taken place in Haiti. Since then the United States deliberately intervening. And supporting the toppling of various political leaders in an attempt to assert governmental authority in Haiti that they think will best serve US economic interests. Evelyn Toyo, Go ahead, but but from the political, uh, aspects there is also the economic aspects. We are mostly not dependent of the US for everything. We balding things on the U. S. Do guys a idea. The region of money that was, you know, very famous for is life and now most of the guys that we consume Come from the U. S. Hey, the on the products that we have come from the U. S. So the 80 is a body. Also the U. S student production in our national production is all the way below all the way we go. You know. So this is about also of not only the occupation but intervention of the US while the years you know the force us, you know, for example, for the For the book, we had our own box. They teamed them. You know, they on fear and they make us import other.

Evelyn Toyo 2010 90% U. S. US 80% Haiti Washington, D. C. 19th century 1934 Alexander 18 56 18 Lee U. S. Civil War 18 54 20th century Leslie Alexander Porter 45
"leslie alexander" Discussed on KQED Radio

KQED Radio

02:33 min | 1 year ago

"leslie alexander" Discussed on KQED Radio

"Have estimated that it would be close to the equivalent of $20 billion that they were being forced to pay in the 19th century. Even white Americans in the United States at the time. Thought that the French demand was absurd and that the Haitians would never have any hope of paying it off. The legacy of that is that in order to meet the terms Of the indemnity in order to pay the annual installments. The Haitian government found itself in cycles of ongoing debt they had to borrow from French banks. In order to pay the money back at exorbitant, insanely high interest rates that created impossible impossible cycles of debt. Well, certainly there was an attempt to smother the country in the cradle. There was a long long period where it was handicapped by the weight of foreign sanctions. The attempts to Sort of cut it off from, uh, the economic activity of the world. But why is that important in 2021? Well, I think it's important in 2021 because When you look at the media coverage in particular of Haiti, stemming all the way back to the 2010 earthquake. There is this level of accusation that you hear in the American media about Haiti being You know the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. We keep hearing that over and over again. I describe it as a chant of accusation without a broader context of how Haiti became the poorest. Country in the Western Hemisphere in the first place, and it is largely as the result of foreign intervention and exploitation, obviously, first, beginning with France. But More contemporary Lee. It's the United States, right? That is largely responsible for the plight that Haiti continues to face both economically and politically. And if we are not willing to take a look at the historical roots of that, if we're not willing to have an honest reckoning With how and why Haiti finds itself in its current circumstances. We can never really have a healing of the nation that it deserves to have. I spoke with Leslie Alexander about this over.

Leslie Alexander United States 2021 $20 billion 19th century Haiti Lee Western Hemisphere first both Haitian Haitians first place Americans France American French 2010
"leslie alexander" Discussed on KQED Radio

KQED Radio

01:50 min | 1 year ago

"leslie alexander" Discussed on KQED Radio

"In terms of this long legacy of foreign intervention, in my view goes all the way back to the way in which the white Western world responded to the establishment of Haiti as a sovereign black nation. Leslie Alexander is a historian, activist professor and author. Her latest book is Fear of the Black Republic How Haitian Sovereignty inspired Did the birth of black internationalism. Everyone celebrates 17 76 and you know the aspirations of liberty and freedom and freedom from colonial rule. But when the Haitians demanded and desired the same freedom and liberty and desire to self govern that every other human on the planet celebrated When the Americans wanted it, they were demonized for their actions and then forced through what we would refer to as gunboat diplomacy. To pay an exorbitant amount of money. For those of you who don't follow Haitian history closely. The country basically had to buy its freedom from France. It had two by itself. France demanded 150 million gold francs in exchange for recognizing Haiti's independence. And this put incredible pressure on the country's finances for the entire 19th century. Really, I mean, just so that your listeners have a sense, 150 million Gold Franks in the 19th century, which is what the French demanded that they pay is the equivalent of billions of dollars in contemporary Terms. Most people.

Leslie Alexander 19th century 150 million gold francs Haiti two 150 million Gold Franks billions of dollars Haitian 17 76 Americans Haitians Fear of the Black Republic every France French
"leslie alexander" Discussed on Big Fellas Basketball

Big Fellas Basketball

03:50 min | 1 year ago

"leslie alexander" Discussed on Big Fellas Basketball

"Basically what happened was we learned about like this is the story. That kind of came out our resurfaced may be mine. Came out but Whenever the wholehearted fiasco happened over the off season this year because he was angry with the front office was a little bit of a wishful thinking. From rockets fans of hakeem went through the same thing basically telling ownership. I want out. I don't want to be here and i'm pretty. It was over money but as over the we're losing and you're not paying me well enough. We're not winning games. The way we should be and they gave him a big big deal. Robert ory a second season really stepped up. That's another guy. We drafted sam. Cassell was a rookie that year. He was huge for our championship. Teams at everybody. Houston is a big sam casella fan and so things really just kind of worked out at the right time that first year we portland. In the first round we own be phoenix. The second round. And what's crazy about phoenix right so in that second series phoenix. And this is actually like. It's really cool story because it gets low history about the you know everybody knows those teams as the clutch city teams. And that's where houston really. Got his moniker at a bank. Clutch city does i. Two games against phoenix rockets. Lost by four points in seven points. And there's a huge article with the front sang choke city and the players took You know the michael jordan. I took that personally Like that the michael jordan. Meanwhile they say like i that personally. They took that personally. They wrote choke city on their shoes and like they went out and they beat the sohn's by sixteen. They beat them by eleven. The game after that. Be my twenty three the game after that Phoenix ends obtain game. Six and game. Seven akeem goes offer. Thirty seven seventeen. I think it was by the end of game five. They were talking about like the choke city thing as it's not choke city leslie alexander. Former owner he says not choke city. It's clutch city. I end accompany starts club city entertainment..

Cassell eleven sam casella sixteen seven points michael jordan phoenix Six Two games sam first round second round twenty three leslie alexander four points game five second series this year Phoenix first year
"leslie alexander" Discussed on KNBR The Sports Leader

KNBR The Sports Leader

05:00 min | 2 years ago

"leslie alexander" Discussed on KNBR The Sports Leader

"Dennis grounds at the bottom of the hour Thoughts of Niners Antioxidant University, Washington So he knows not Kevin Youkilis, who not only knows baseball, but those beers Lo Brewing company. He'll join us at noon, and then Trent Williams at 12 20. He owns Jim So that's on Scott Miller. Dr Probation, so Rip off the knob is we often say One big NBA note that happened just about when we went on the Air. General Mori has signed a five year contract to be the head of basketball ops for the Philadelphia 70. Sixers. Which is interesting in that. Originally Everybody said, Well, they're not gonna trade Simmons. They're not gonna trade indeed. What is this, Darryl? More We want to get a bunch of guys in there 67 and under to Jack the ball up all over the place because Simmons can't shoot indeed. 7 ft. Tall. So what do you think? Well, I mean, when Daryl resigned in Houston, you knew something was curious. And he had a bad year this year. Whether or not you believe with this with his comments about Hong Kong and The tweets that were going on. I guess about a year ago when the envious season was starting And they were going to China. It costs the N B a a lot of money. And Ah, you know, I'm not going to say what he what he tweeted is not accurate, are From his heart, but it it had an impact on his relationship in the N B, A and AA I know that he makes the big move Teo to bring in Russell Westbrook the earlier summer and, you know Chris Paul was obviously aging, but you know, it puts a lot of money and do it and changes the way they play. Capella gets traded middle of the year he goes to a really excessive small ball, where They're not just turning to their chuckwagon lineup featuring Fi J. Tucker. It's center. But there, that's all they do. And Ah, you know, so they and the owner there? A Tilman Fertitta is a bit of a wild card. It's a It's a new ownership group going back. You know Leslie Alexander from years before and He's a hothead, and he wasn't happy. I think that all stamps from the Warriors beating on the year before after Andre got hurt. And the chances that they had or even after Durant got hurt. I was Jews to cop three years ago when I won a couple of years ago, when Durant got hurt, they still couldn't beat the Warriors at home without Durant. So s so I didn't know what was going on. I thought his cachet in the N B. A had fallen off a little bit, and he's kind of an interesting guy, you often said when he was in Houston. That he was going to move on. He was going to be there. So maybe it was the ownership for two to coming in. And They're both had strong guys and he left. But I and my first question is what what's going on without brand Is he just out in Philadelphia completely. And Ah, my second reaction was what they trade Ben Simmons. If he wants to have you know a team like he had a huge did and there's no, It's not like the analytics. They're any different and it's It's ironic because we're You know, analyzing everything The champion Bay Rays have done and you know the whole sabermetrics analytics, community and baseballs. On the line now with what they did last night to two giveaway Game six of the world, Siri's and in the N B, a You know what the Warriors success in the mid range shot of Durant and the Lakers or a good three point shooting chain. But that's not why they won. They made enough to reach when they had to, and I think the bubble helped him. But his mores way of just going. You know, Don Nelson would love it, but the league has caught up to it a lot. On Just not, you know, shooing the The mid range game. So what does he do with Van Simmons? Can they? I mean, Ben Simmons when he finds out this news doesn't go right in the gym and start, you know, chucking up threes. He does it anyway. But I don't know if he's ever gonna have that kind of game. He just doesn't have that. So what? They trade him. I mean, what? Daryl Morey. Trade a guy or is he you know, he went got Russell Westbrook, John, and he's a horrible three point shooter, which I couldn't understand what he wanted to play faster. He wanted to get the ball a hardened, saying it's more. He wanted the double point Guard concept and Paul At that time looked old and slow, and Paul got revitalized, Goingto Casey. I don't know. But it it I did not see this coming. I did not. Ah, kind of thought maybe he would leave Houston. But I don't know I didn't hear any rumors about it. But Where what happens down on brand And what do they do with Vance Simmons are my two main questions now than if you're the Warriors, and that's where I was going with it. Yeah. Warriors, would you want Ben Simmons? What was you? Which would you want that seven? I don't know enough. Obviously, they've done all the research on these guys. But it's such an uncertain draft at the top. It's going to depend on if the Warriors have at number two. You know whether it's Wiseman or ball or Edward's or whatever. I think they would look at it and say Okay, number one. You're getting a cheaper player..

Ben Simmons Warriors Durant Lakers Andre Sixers Daryl Morey Houston Philadelphia Chris Paul Kevin Youkilis Russell Westbrook Trent Williams NBA Dr Probation Niners Antioxidant University Vance Simmons General Mori Leslie Alexander basketball
"leslie alexander" Discussed on KNBR The Sports Leader

KNBR The Sports Leader

03:51 min | 2 years ago

"leslie alexander" Discussed on KNBR The Sports Leader

"In Detroit, I think would have been the words have so much talent. But I still think would've been different, saying Steve is not much better. I just think with a young team, I don't know if he's gonna be able to relate. I mean, here. I know Chauncey Billups ended up is an assistant with the Clippers. But knowing him, Sam Cassell's names come out there. I just It just seems like some organizations. It's just old boy, old boy Old boy network, and it would seem to me that I would want new young blood. To grow with a young team. But, you know, look, I wasn't in on the interviews. I don't know, but I just stand down Gundy When he had some success in Orlando, he didn't have any success in Detroit. I just that would inspire me at all. If ever the pelicans fan sounds like the back page of The New York Post when George Tori got hired with the Yankees clueless Joe, no clue rage. He's a great guy, but I think he's thinking. I I just feel like he's you know, third time could be the charm. It's just a different experience for him. I, David Griffin is a sharp guy extremely sharp on all levels. So you know a lot of times when you make a coaching change like this. You want somebody different? Alvin Gentry and Alvin has a tough side to him, but I think by and large, he's a player's coach. He plays a player friendly system. I think they they, David Griffin felt like they needed the rain that a little bit here, and they needed a guy that was going to be in charge. And Stan Van Gundy will be in charge. And I think by the fact he's lost a couple of jobs now he dabbled in TV, and it's a different perspective that it gives you He may approach it differently, so I'll be willing to see they got talent there. So what other jobs are open now? Houston still open. You're talking to me and I just tired. Ah! The assistant yesterday's It isn't Houston, the only job it's open now. Ahh. 76 years already filled it docked after right away that it of all those ones have been maybe one other Gotta go back and look because there might be another one. So I was going to get to Houston is the other Van Gundy brother going to get into they were talking about that's what we were talking about. And it's been forever since he'd left. Plus, you'd have to pay him a boatload. What's he making it? Eight. What's he making an ESPN? ABC. Making What I don't know. Five million marks basketball. They're not going to fail him like the Monday football guy. I don't know what they make you. He's their leader. $5 million, But I'm not a question of whether you make unless he lives in Houston. He never something ever sold is home there have the ownership is different. And this owners way different than Leslie Alexander. He's going to get involved. And you also got a you know. Daryl Morey quit. I think they elevated the assistant there. So they got the GM in place? I don't know. That'd be interesting. If the two Vanguard the fathers, both Unretire from TV or retired from coaching and attire from TV and come back. I don't know, but The interesting and the other one That's out there as far as the big story today, Remember when Odell Beckham Jr was thrown around money and how weird that was when Ellis you won the national championship last year? He's handing guys money. There was fake money, though. I know it was real money. And he's been banned for he's been banned from L s u for two years. For doing that. How about that hat? Mr owner of casting college kids he he was doing at the guys who supposedly were either leaving or out of eligibility. But that's probably not a great Alice. You get in trouble for that. I don't know if they ended up getting in trouble over that or not, But I would imagine that. Yeah, that wouldn't be the best thing. I know he handed job, Earl money and every said burro, you know. Always, but you know, it was bad luck. It was right on the field, so I was just kind of weird. All right, Dennis. Rounds going tojoin us going up next. We have talked about the fan element of things. We're going to get back onto the field as we get you ready for the 40. Niners and the Patriots will take a look back at last week's win against the Rams as well with Dennis, the Super Bowl champion only here in the sports center. You know, you can listen to Papa and London. Your Google home. Smart speaker just say play KNBR faithful.

Houston Joe Stan Van Gundy Sam Cassell Detroit Chauncey Billups David Griffin Alvin Gentry Ellis Van Gundy Steve Leslie Alexander Clippers Daryl Morey Dennis Google Yankees basketball Patriots Odell Beckham Jr
"leslie alexander" Discussed on WTMJ 620

WTMJ 620

03:33 min | 2 years ago

"leslie alexander" Discussed on WTMJ 620

"From the seats this language might sound antiquated to you but it's the all that strikes me the jury sided with Elizabeth Jennings and awarded her two hundred fifty dollars the third Avenue railroad company was found liable and moved quickly to integrate their cars the other male companies were put on notice that they could be sued as well at what point is New York city's transportation system fully integrated well some historians say that that was the first major step after the civil war there was legislation that was passed that made it official the case received national attention in anti slavery papers the New York daily Tribune ran the headline all wholesome verdict well she celebrated for one yes she was for about twenty five years it was tremendously significant that's Leslie Alexander again you know in the nineteenth century the idea of women of any race being involved in an an outspoken way in political matters of any kind was extremely controversial so for her to take a stand in the way that she did and then allow her story and her name to be associated with this very public case was a huge deal after the court case Elizabeth Jennings ladder rather private life interning slowly faded from history she continued teaching and even open the city's first black kindergarten she also married Charles Graham they had a son but he died as a young child Jennings name briefly appeared in the newspapers again due to the political rights of Chester Alan Arthur that once wet behind the ears lawyer was elected vice president in eighteen eighty then he became president upon the assassination of James Garfield Elizabeth Jennings died on June fifth nineteen oh one I didn't expect to find much but there were at least a few short obituaries the New York times headline aged color teacher dad Mrs AEGEE Graham was prominent in ante bellum race troubles here the item takes note that her whole life was devoted to the improvement of her race why don't people know her name she was just not a person who was sort of self seeking or self interested she wasn't a person who was promoting herself or her story in that regard so you know I think that's part of it but I'll tell you honestly I think on a deeper level the primary reason we don't know Elizabeth Jennings story is that it doesn't fit with the narrative of the story that we like to tell about the north so in order to know about Elizabeth Jennings you have to know that slavery existed in the north you have to know that slavery existed in the north for almost as long as it did in the south you have to be willing to acknowledge that the legacy of slavery haunted the black population in the north for generations but we do have to to be willing to sort of you know pull back the curtains and have an honest conversation.

"leslie alexander" Discussed on WMAL 630AM

WMAL 630AM

04:10 min | 3 years ago

"leslie alexander" Discussed on WMAL 630AM

"This question came up last night on social media between Janice dean of fox news and Robert o'donnell we have on this program on a regular basis former N. Y. P. D. homicide detective about I tell your adult children that you love them rob says I do it every phone call I ended with I love you and and I do I did and let me just say I do do this at times with my adult kids a lot and I love them at the end of a phone call or or when I see Veronica in Annapolis right now is I'm leaving you know I give her a hug and and teller lover but but I do feel like it makes them feel awkward and I don't want to do that but I don't know I guess I should talk to them and and then maybe I should just tell them I love them because I love them and not worry about how it makes them feel I'm just working this out on my own okay you just sit there mind your own biz I'd add that the calls are overwhelming by the way and you know what I love about this it's almost all men who were calling almost all dads who were calling in to talk about this and I love that it Jack in Manassas your next up here Jack on WMAL Hey Larry out why it is good what do you think of this well I'm glad you brought that up because it's funny I'm a I'm a dad of twenty four year old triplets two of them girls and one of them's a boy wow and I've I've been telling them I love them all the time in the distance they can remember and start saying they Love Me back whether it and I still do today my daughters are married in a way at this point my son is local so I see in a little more often but soon when it comes in the house I agreed with a big hug and we talked in and have fellowship and then on the way out the door I grew up in I love you and I also get that they got that stuff the kids Nottingham get on the cheek early on in high school use like come on dad I'm a guy so I gave in to that yeah but the girls when I get to see him again I said get married they they they can't afford to get away from the kids but on phone calls I know these are good and bad I doubt that a mile up over time as they went through college and sure we're making some decisions I thought to be a bit more but I love them bill would voice my disagreement but I always would end up with I love them I think I started yeah I like you came from a family that what didn't throw I love you around a lot at all yeah white Irish Catholic grew up in South Boston yeah and without neighborhood yeah yeah says same I Irish Catholic from Detroit and and is it it's not it's not typical there's not a whole lot I you know listen you got a roof over your head you've got a meal what more proof do you need that I love you yeah exactly exactly yeah you got baked beans and potato sticks in hamburgers on Friday night what do you complain about more do you want that's love it that's not love what is yeah but when I joined the army I joined early out of high school I forced my family after seeing some of the things I did early on where where where folks didn't didn't come back and that that such may and I force my family to change this site that I'm I get bigger and stronger and and well trained and they're a little afraid any site that new role whenever you talk to each other when we go to hang out everyone's ended with I love you what DO what your matter not that's what we're gonna do and its stock and this was back in nineteen seventy nine around long in the tooth all right Jack not with that's great stuff we got to leave it there because I want to get a lot of other voices in here but that's great stuff and I and I think those are that those are all the reasons why this should be a thing and probably is a thing again I'm I'm exposing myself here in didn't let you know that that that it's not a thing in my family and it should be I wanted to be and your over one response tells me that it's it's that I'm the out liar here so I appreciate that to Leslie Alexander go ahead Leslie your next up on that email hi Larry I do want to emphasize a little bit with you as I witnessed this lack of saying I love you in my husband's family they found it very awkward but I do believe that their actions spoke much louder than words ever could although I finally did get my husband to acknowledge and say you must say it's your mother the parts back any.

"leslie alexander" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York

Bloomberg Radio New York

06:17 min | 3 years ago

"leslie alexander" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York

"Lease on Paul Karen thank you so much we appreciate that well the tensions between the US and China are not limited to trade negotiators they now include the National Basketball Association very big issue now with China which is one of its big growth market to give us the latest welcome Scott Sasha Nick Scott covers all things sports related sports business for Bloomberg news you try to turn a Bloomberg interactive brokers studio so Scott this is a big big issue for the NBA give us the latest developments there well the latest is that CCTV has decided that they will and not time unless the Chinese have a television will not broadcast the exhibition games and you have lebron James they're ready to play of the Brooklyn nets of course owned by Joe tie they decided they will not broadcast so the next step we're waiting to see does the shoe fully drop with they just cancel the games altogether so it is set us up here what exactly prompted all of this tension Daryl Morey the general manager of the Houston Rockets who it's worth noting are the most popular team in China you remember way back when they drafted yell mingle became a star so the rockets have more of a stranglehold on China the business of basketball in China than any other team he quoted or or supported him show some support for Hong Kong and that did not go over well with the Chinese government and the NBA initially came out with a statement that tried to tow the line saying we're sorry we offended you but he's allowed to say woody's wants to say that didn't go over well either Adam silver the commissioner Lee has since come out with a stronger statement backing what they believe is right saying we will not interfere with our constituents right to say what they feel so that doesn't seem to have placated the Chinese government so you're caught between this growth market as you said the NBA has spent more time than any other leave we're talking decades now building the business in China they have a separate entity NBA China there so that a lot of time and money invested in China right now they're a logger heads as to how to solve this so it's interesting Adams over the commission the NBA to seems like as in a you know almost unwinnable position very difficult a balancing act here what is his next step do you think is he just waiting to see how the Chinese react or is there something more forceful that yeah I don't think the next step is that okay he's waiting to see the reactions to how do we want to proceed but I will tell you having known Adam for a long time and talked to plenty of people whose work for including federal judges they tell me and I I've seen this firsthand that Adams greatest strength is that he is an innate bridge builder he has that ability to bring people together this will be perhaps that however long the states commissioner the ultimate test of that ability so from a business perspective how lucrative could China potentially be for the NBA given how quickly it's been a sort of received so far let's just do some simple math let's say we take me and at its word and say there are six hundred million fans basketball fans in China let's say each of those fans decides you know I am going to pay for that thirty second snippet that the NBA is offering the final two minutes of the game and they fork over two dollars I think we would all agree that's probably conservative estimate that if your basketball thing you'll only spend two Bucks a year but you're talking more than a billion dollars just with that calculus alone they also have a fairly robust licensing business as a glorified licensing business and be a China so overall you are talking in the billions of dollars with a future promising much more and in particular again to the rockets Tillman for Tito who bought the team from Leslie Alexander did the calculus ahead of time he paid a record price at the time two plus billion dollars for the franchise with the promise of revenue coming from China you could foresee if you look ahead at this thing that the NBA comes back and and is embraced again however the Houston Rockets in that brand do not return to the place they occupy just a couple weeks ago so such as you mentioned the ownership of the rockets what it's been generally the response of the other owners in the league I know that Joe side the owner of the Brooklyn nets and full disclosure of personal friend of mine did make a public statement a public document available kind of trying to explain the Chinese side what's been kind of the ownership response as this might not surprise you crickets nobody is jumping it and I have spoken to a number of owners a number of CEOs and executives involved former executives with the rockets with the nets around the league they just don't want to weigh in they just don't know where this is going to go Joe has been the only one and perhaps by the way how for Judas with the NBA that he just took over as the controlling owner again if there is somebody that who can perhaps bridge these two worlds and by the way as I look forward as a business of sport benefit is in franchise if they're all hearts and minds to be one Joe tie can make it happen what's China's incentive to go back on the hard line that they've taken the fans love their basketball I mean they really do it's a basketball loving country so you you have to I would assume at some point as we all know these fears to die down and you see what you can extract from the NBA in return for doing so but do you have a sense that there is sort of a mood of protest among people who realize that they may not be able to watch the exhibition games not yet because how do we know we know the social media in China I'm hearing from our folks there and from friends who have business associates there is in line with the government that they're they're upset that they're they're actually incentivized to come out and agree with the government they were angry with the NBA but as David stern taught me long ago during the lockout no walk down Seventh Avenue the guy who leans out of the window and give them a middle finger and tells them you know you can go where he's I don't worry about that person because that that the motion yet is how you know they'll come back Scott sassenach thanks so much for giving us thought here on this and be a issue in China Scott sassa Bloomberg news covers all sports he also hosts Bloomberg business of sports on Bloomberg radio can hear that at Friday evening at eight PM and Saturday morning.