2 Burst results for "Kodiak Historical Society"

"kodiak historical society" Discussed on Native America Calling

Native America Calling

08:43 min | 5 months ago

"kodiak historical society" Discussed on Native America Calling

"This is native America calling. I'm Sean spruce. What do you know about Russian colonization of Alaska, dating back three centuries? What does that influence mean today? Give us a call, join the conversation, the number one 809 9 6 two 8 four 8. That's one 809 9 native. Sarah, before we went to break, you were talking about what Russian occupation looked like in the kodiak region of Alaska. Please continue your thoughts. Sure. I was just speaking to the fact that the colonization really changed all the culture. As a seafaring culture who really realized primarily on marine resources, we started to see effects like changes to our boats. So we use a kayak and they went from a one or two hold ship to three where a Russian colonizer or would go out with the aleutian people and would stay with them to make sure that they were doing their work to hunt the sea otter for bringing these resources for gain by Russians and it was little payback to the elite polluted people. I think it's also worth mentioning here too that a lucic is a term for our community that has changed over some time. So elders used to sometimes identify it as a lutech and a more common and correct term that we use now is to create, which means the real people. And all of these identifiers that we've used in our community have changed over the years as we start to reclaim our cultural identity here in kodiak. Sir, do you know about how many native people were living in Alaska at the time of Russian contact? That's a great question. I'm not sure if hell no is the answer to that. I can look into it a little bit here quickly. Okay, well, do you know about how many Alaska native people were living in the region when Russia contacted the continent 300 years ago? There is no definite numbers that I'm aware of. I mean, it was literally in the thousands of people, but I think the thing that's important to understand when you think about Russia and the colonization of Alaska is the sheer size of Alaska. And most people really can't comprehend how big Alaska is. And the distances between places. And so the more important question probably might be how many Russians were there? Literally hundreds and that's it. And so the multitude of Alaska people and vibrant cultures that were there were in the thousands and tens of thousands and the Russians knew that they could not colonize such a big area without the help of those people. And they chose a rather brutal way of terrible way of capitalizing on those people, but they never would have survived without the native people. And that, I think, is very important because the Russians kind of they came here with a sole idea. We're going to extract as many resources as we can. And we're not here to try to establish. A permanently like on the eastern coast of the United States. It was let's get a system that allows us to harvest the furs and get them to China and Russia and different markets. Okay. Thank you. And my producer just handed me a note, apparently approximately a 100,000 Alaska natives at the time of Russian contact who were living there. And approximately 17,000 lived on the aleutian islands. And how you mentioned that Russians didn't occupy Alaska in large numbers. In fact, even at the peak of what we might call this Alaskan Russian Empire, there were only about 800 Russians that were living in these settlements and you mentioned that disease, massacre and conflict were these huge, huge factors in how they were able to maintain this foothold. But what were some other ways that they were able to hang on to this, these colonies, these settlements among these many Alaskan people, again, it's remarkable fewer than a thousand Russians living in these settlements, even at the height of this period of their colonization. I think I kind of mentioned the Russians learned soon that they couldn't do this by themselves. And so they had to help the help of the native people. And so I'll give an example. They bought deer and fish and different wild game from the slink at people. They used noggin and shoot react. Hunters to harvest the animals. The sea otters and things like that. And they literally brought them to sitka. To do that, which is, I think, is a trap in its own right. And so it's what they did is they developed this symbiotic relationship with the native people in order to, I guess, use the word succeed with their goals. And they had just very little recognition of what it was doing to the culture and the people. And it's like Sarah had mentioned the church to change that a little bit, but certainly it was a system of let's get in, let's take as much as we can and make as much money as we can and then not worry about all the other things like establishing settlements. None of them are survival. Okay. And I know it was mentioned early on the show that the were capable warriors. And I'm interested to know what were these efforts by Alaska native people with regard to resisting these Russian occupiers. Well, there were numerous incidents of not just the battle of sitka is one of those called in 1804 in which you see ansky just happened to be in town with the after on off came back and was going to extract revenge for the 17 or 1802 massacre of the fort of saint Michael. Our archangel archangel. And that was a siege and a battle and they clink at people that will have a well documented march after they deserted that form. And they continue to. I guess have incidents with the Russians and the aleut hunters both. And trying to exert their dominance of the region because we had people had a very sophisticated culture and trade and lifestyle of this area that was quite remarkable. And the Russians, there is no way they're going to come in and destroy that with just so few of people. Well, folks, if you've got a question or a comment, we're having a fascinating discussion on the Russian occupation of Alaska. It started about 300 years ago. So give us a call. One 809 9 6 two 8 four 8. We've got two guests on our show today, Sarah Harrington with the kodiak historical society and house backman who is the executive director of the sitka history museum. And sir, I'd like to ask you, did Russians venture far into the interior of Alaska? Or did they primarily stick to the aleutian islands in the western coast? If my understanding that it was largely coastal that there were the resources that they sought, the sea otter furs, as we mentioned, were so incredibly valuable that they had a pretty clear focus on extracting those resources. And when.

Alaska Sean spruce kodiak Russia Sarah United States aleutian islands Sir fort of saint Michael archangel archangel China Sarah Harrington kodiak historical society sitka history museum backman western coast
"kodiak historical society" Discussed on Native America Calling

Native America Calling

06:52 min | 5 months ago

"kodiak historical society" Discussed on Native America Calling

"This is native America calling. I'm Sean spruce. By all accounts, Russians first set foot in Alaska in 1741. That's when the first expedition headed by vitus Bering landed on the aleutian islands that journey opened Russia's eyes to the natural resources Alaska had to offer. Particularly fur from otters, seals, and foxes. And a flood of Russians followed, establishing colonies, mostly on the western coast. They were known to brutalize and enslave the native people. Russia laid claim to the land to the point the country felt entitled to sell Alaska to the United States in 1867. By that time the native population was diminished by half through conflict and disease. Although it lasted just over a century, Russian occupation of Alaska continues to exert influence. As Russia is now in the midst of invading a neighboring sovereign nation, we're taking time to review the history and continuing legacy of the country among this country's native population. And we want to hear from you. What is your view of Russian influence in America? Please join our discussion by calling one 809 9 6 two 8 four 8. That's also one 809 9 native. Joining us on the show today from kodiak Alaska is Sarah Harrington. She's executive director of the kodiak historical society and kodiak history museum. She's a ludic and from the shoot act tribe in kodiak. Welcome to native America calling Sarah. Thank you so much for having me. Also on our show today from Maui, Hawaii is how spackman he's the executive director of the sitka history museum. Welcome to native market calling as well, how? Thank you, Sean. I appreciate you having me on. Hell, please start us off today. When did Russians first arrive in what is now the state of Alaska and how did they get there? Well, there is some belief that vidas bearing was the first Russian to see Alaska in fact there were other less documented discoveries I should say, but when you I'm going to talk specifically about sick as opposed to kodiak in different places, but Sarah do that. But for sitka, they really came in the late 1790s and established a trading post called fort of archangel and Matt. Now, thought of as old sitka. And then in 1802, the destroyed that fort and the Russians reestablished a place in presence in 1804 after a very. Terrible battle, I should say and in which they displaced the claimants. Okay. Now this history of Russian occupation in Alaska, one marked by brutality by warfare by enslavement. Can you talk a little bit more about these early interactions with native people in Alaska and Russian colonists? Well, certainly there were some terrible egregious treatment of Alaska native people and much of it was in the region where Sarah lives that the Russians were especially brutal. And they basically enslaved a ludic noggin people that betting for them. And that was to extrapolate. The sea otters to other furs for Alaska and to make a profit from it. And so when you literally look at what the Russians did, it was a matter of how can we take advantage of the resources in North America with a limited number of people from Russia and still make a profit and that's how they viewed things and certainly they use the Alaska native people and they didn't care how the effects of those people, especially early on. And then it got better once the Russian Orthodox Church arrived, but certainly it was a terrible time in Alaska native history. Well, thanks, Al. Sarah, I want to ask you, when did Russians first appear in the kodiak area and what was that initial contact like? Sure. Well, the Russians first arrived in kodiak and around 1763. On glow trough came in winter and kodiak. And that was really the first point of contact where attacks were organized against the Olympic people. And slowly from that point, kodiak became really the epicenter. I think of Russian history and colonization in Alaska. As the settlement grew and stabilized in cognac, it was moved the headquarters of established in what's currently the city of kodiak in 1792. But that was after years of years of difficulty to put it lightly between the Olympic people and the Russians. And most famously, I think in 1784, shella koff landed at three saints bay in kodiak, which we really recognize as a significant point where there was a massacre against alleged people, men, women and children who had gathered for safety on refuge rock, which is kind of offset from the primary island of kodiak. And at that point, we kind of recognized that the Russians had broken the back of the elliptic people and slaving them subjugating them to all kinds of terrible difficulties removing their families. And so yeah, kodiak story is different than sic has not only in terms of timeline, but also in terms of the impact of colonization in our community that still exists today. In this colonization, again, enslavement so much brutality. What was the impact overall on Alaska native culture?.

Alaska kodiak Russia Sean spruce vitus Bering America western coast Sarah Harrington kodiak historical society kodiak history museum Sarah spackman sitka history museum aleutian islands sitka Maui archangel Hawaii Sean Matt