35 Burst results for "Kepler"
Polanco's Sac Fly in Ninth Lifts Twins Over Rays 5-4
"The twins beat the race five to four on Jorge Polanco sacrifice fly in the bottom of the ninth Max Kepler started the winning rally with a double and advanced to third on an error by outfielder Austin meadows on the play Kepler finished with two doubles two walks and three runs scored Mike Zunino one wander Franco homered for the rays who saw their lead in the AL east cut to three games over the red Sox C. Nina's blast was his twenty fifth of the season tying a career high in giving him a four game Homer streak Tampa Bay won over four with the go ahead run on third base in the seventh and eighth innings I'm Dave Ferrie
A New Player in the Transatlantic Market
"So it's an exciting day today for one of america's most liked airlines jetblue flight w seven and airbus a-3 three twenty one l. Narrow body landed at london heathrow this morning after departing from jet blues new york. Jfk base last night that flight launched jet blue's entry into the transatlantic market beginning with daily service from jfk to heathrow and then adding daily service to london gatwick ultimately following with Boston to london. Ceo robin hayes. A former executive at british airways has promised to create a permanent and disruptive effect in the transatlantic market. So joining me today to discuss. What that could mean are two of my aviation week network colleagues north american air transport editor but ben goldstein and kepler senior analyst for the americas laurie ransom. Hey ben laurie great to have you on this. Thank you so to start off by just looking at that whole history that we know all too well of Long haul low cost carriers Starting up especially in the transatlantic market and more often than not failing What do you think might make this a different prospect with a jet blue and will this like jetblue like robin says be transatlantic disruptor. What are your thoughts laurie. Well i think as you said. Jetblue is one of america's most light brands and they have strongholds in new york and boston so they have strong point of sale here in the us. And i think that's a little bit different than some of the point to point carriers that had tried to do this in the past where if by bodies
Jorge Polanco Hits Homers Twice, Twins Beat Astros 7-5
"For Hey Polanco homered in back to back at bats as the Minnesota Twins beat the Houston Astros seven to five Polanco's first home run led off the fifth inning and it put the twins up forty two after Houston answered with a run in their half of the frame he hit a three run shot in the sixth which was the difference in the game we also know smacked his eighteenth home run of the season for the twins well Max Kepler finished with three hits Carlos Correa hit a home run for the Astros Spillane Houston
I Bought It. Why Can't I Fix It?
"Several years ago journalists and kepler was on his very first work trip. He was an intern. Us news and world report. At the time he was excited. We did carry okay the first day and i got a little bit drunk. Nothing crazy but i fell asleep with my laptop in my bed watching comedy or something like on netflix. When jason woke up the laptop had moved down to the end of the bed without him realizing it and what happened next. Has that painful almost slow motion quality that anyone who is broken anything expensive knows all too well kicked it off the edge of the bed and the lcd broke on on me laptops. So the screen wasn't broken but if you opened it was just us all kinds of crazy colors and tickets be apple store and they wanted seven hundred dollars exit money that jason. An intern did not have so. We figured why not try to fix this thing myself he went on ebay and found a replacement. Lcd screen for fifty bucks. A fraction of the price that apple had quoted him and then he found some instructions online. It actually took me like ten hours to do like couldn't get the screen off. And i remember at one point. It was like four in the morning. And i grabbed in exacto knife which is not something you want to take the wires but i was just so frustrated and i just couldn't get the screen off to put the new one end eventually jason fixed screen and he used that computer for six years but the experience opened his eyes to a really important story in the tech world. One that he's been covering ever since it made me think like. Why does it cost so much to do this. It costs so much to get a device repaired by the manufacturer. And it's so hard to do it yourself because manufacturers from apple to samsung to microsoft. John deere make it that way.
Ober Wins 1st, Kepler Hits 2 Homers, Twins Top White Sox 8-5
"Rookie Bailey over pitched five scoreless innings for his first major league victory as the twins dumped a white Sox eight to five over gave up two hits and three walks in his seventh career start Max Kepler homered twice as the twins B. T. ale central leaders for just the second time in ten games a season I bought this chain by a week and a half ago and I haven't been wearing it the last two days and I believe there's bad you want it so I need to get rid of whatever cursed I change Nick Gordon's two run triple put Minnesota up six to one Dylan cease was the losing pitcher yielding six runs and six hits with eight strikeouts over five in the third the white Sox have dropped three straight since a five game winning streak I'm Dave Ferrie
Streak Breaker: Kepler Single in 9th, Twins Edge Red Sox
"Max Kepler's bloop RBI single in the bottom of the ninth gave the twins a four three victory over the red Sox the outcome stops Minnesota's five game skid and breaks a nine game winning streak for Boston Michael Pineda allowed only two singles over seven scoreless innings for the twins aha really good feels better for my fastball in on try to locate it inside a home site to the playing everything is working doing you know this we want to paying yeah I'm happy for that Penedo left with a three nothing lead but the red Sox tied on Alex Verdugo those three run double in the eighth Boston starter Garrett Richards gave up four hits over five innings but he was nicked for a pair of unearned runs in the second I'm Dave Ferrie
'We come from the stars': Indigenous astronomy, astronauts, and star stories
"When you think about the night sky what constellations come to mind. Chances are they're rooted in western astronomy but indigenous. Astronomy and scientific knowledge have been here for millennia. It's just not taught in schools or considered important within universities. My next guest is working to change. That nielsen is mick ma. And he's a professor in the department of astronomy and astrophysics at the university of toronto. Helping welcome thank you for having me. So how would you describe the way. Astronomy is typically taught in university course university of toronto's famous having a an astronomy course fifteen hundred students in it in that course generally starts from the early greek and roman astronomy aristotle type of plato pythagoras and they will channel through european astronomy with newton and cabrera hey and yohannes kepler and galileo of course the modern enshrinement is just one linear path from the romans to essentially neil degrasse tyson and today scientists. It's very very centered in the european model. And how have you been incorporating indigenous knowledge in your courses. I've been trying to do that little bit here. And there are courses tend to be quite full of material so adding new materials always a challenge. But i always want to make sure students come in and the first thing they see is not there. Expect a constellation. I don't him see a bear with the tail lakers major. I want them to see the constellation view. I nor a constellation of the bear or a punish shining relation that please and to recognize that these constellations reflect landover on i for in toronto or in new magi or anywhere and what is indigenous astronomy. And how do you define it. How is it or how old. I define indigenous astronomy. As being the the knowledge of the peoples of the land so and since burnett Nation state of canada would find it as the astronomers of the people that were here before settlers in colonizers so strongly of the astronomy of first nations big cree on astronaut and so on across across rhode island and every nation has their own perspective of the night skydrone interpretation in knowledge of it and so these indigenous astronomers speak to connection to the land and and to the people and that knowledge has been here as long as the people have been here and so is there a star story that comes to mind for you that gives an understanding of indigenous astronomy. Great story was the story of noon on the seven bird hunters which is a story so close your eyes and you're looking morni- guy and you see what we call the less the big dipper. And if you're looking at the big dipper couple of hours before dawn in spring you're gonna see the big dipper pointing downwards so the four stars make up the bear kind of facing downwards detail is climbing higher in the sky the four stars of the big dipper in the bull our immune the bear and then pours. What would be the handle. The big dipper are at the bird hunters and you go on those three stars to another four to get the seven hunters and the story starts by while you have to get up early in the morning a couple of hours before dawn to this constellation when we observe it at that time in the morning and we observed every day we can see the constellation circle around the sky. The constellation circles around sky every night as well. So we see the two different timescales in play but if we start in the spring at that to ask for dumb the bowl. The big dipper the bears pointing downwards. And that's when the bears waking up from tiber nation and decides hungry needs to go gather food as the bear leaves. The cave i robin spies upon the bear grabs it's bone arrow and size to chase it from hunt and the story continues through the summer when muniz running across the land so the constellations kinda flat across the sky and the birger chasing it as we get towards fall newness getting tired and stands likes to fight back so the constellations on one side again. Some of the birds have fallen below the horizon and must track the hunt but immune you and stands back robin fires. It's era a striking the immune in the heart killing it. Blood gets everywhere. All of robinhood flies into the tree shakes off the blood separate one stain on his chest. The leaves are now allred as a result. Chickeny joins robin. And they begin a celebration to cook the cook. The bear and to celebrate the feast harvest as we approach winter the constellation as the bears on his back again and reflecting the spirit of the baron sky and waiting for spring to come as part of the next cycle. So we see lots of different kinds. We have knowledge of the year as a calendar have knowledge of ritual and ceremony and we have connection with nature. So it's not just a shawny story. It's it's part of. It's a story that people in story of how to be.
Jupiter and Saturn will form the first "double planet" in 800 years
"What astronomers call a great conjunction, the closest they could be seen in the sky together. For nearly 800 years, according to Scientific American and Astronomical conjunction occurs when any two heavenly bodies appear to pass or meet each other as seen from Earth. To make one great, though, requires an encounter between our solar system's two largest planets, the orbits of Jupiter and Saturn, a line to allow the giant worlds to seemingly convene roughly every 20 years. But the last time Jupiter and Saturn appeared so close was July 16th. 16 23 back when Galloway was still alive, a little more than a decade after he first used to telescope to discover Jupiter's four largest moons that now collectively bear his name, Great conjunctions. Have at times drawn scientists to speculate over their possible links with major events. For instance, Johannes Kepler investigated whether the star of Bethlehem Which in the Nativity story of the Gospel of Matthew Guided the three wise men to Christ. Birth was a great conjunction. Calculating that one in fact, did occur in seven BC Is it possible the Madge I or Wiseman and we don't know. There were three. Remember the Bible never mentions three Wiseman. But is it possible the Madge I who were basically astrologers were following the great conjunction of Saturn and Jupiter? Well, one did occur in seven BC, So the timing seems to be about right. Where is he? Who has been born king of the Jews for we saw his star when it rose and have come to worship him. It makes sense to me that God would use such an alignment of heavenly bodies to announce the birth of a king or other important events like sign posts. Genesis Chapter one verse 14 and God said, Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night and let them be forced signs and for seasons and for days and years. He determines the number of the stars he gives to all of them their names some Fort 1 47 4, But for those that study Astro theology, they see the Bible as Astrological allegory. The story of Jesus they believe is really about the sun s u N rather than son s. O N. Passing through the Zodiac each year. And indeed, there are numerous examples where the life of Jesus, beginning with his birth seemed to align if you will, quite neatly with the astrological Zodiac. Consider that the sun s U. N is reborn every year on the 25th day of December. That is the days begin to lengthen during the winter solstice. Jesus is born in the stable between the constellations of the horse and goat secretaries and Capricorn. 30 years after Christ birth, he was baptized 30 days after the sun s U. N is born. It enters the sign Aquarius, the water bearer Thies are but two Now to be clear. I'm a Bible believing Christian. I believe the Bible
"On this episode five minutes in Church history. Let's talk about a scientist Sir. Isaac Newton. He was born in sixteen forty three. He died in seventeen twenty seven he was actually born in the exact same year of the death of Galileo. He was born in originally humble circumstances. His father died three months before he was born in sixteen sixty one he went off to Cambridge. He had a grasp of Latin and a very curious mind. He would pass the time sketching clocks and windmills and other kinds of gadgets. Once he got to Cambridge he studied astronomy. This was the era of Copernicus and Kepler and of course he studied the classic Philosophers Aristotle and Plato. He kept his notebooks and in one of them. He wrote amicus Plato. Amicus Aristotle's Maga's Amici Veritas. Plato is my friend. Aristotle is my friend. Truth is my best friend. And he also let Cambridge embarked on studying mathematics. In fact he would come to the way in this field he is credited for inventing the study of Calculus as he called it the calculus of infant hassles and it was also while he was at Cambridge that he studied the motion of the moon and the planets and he recognized this force. That was acting on these planets orbit. He was discovering what would come to be called the law of gravity. He would go on to publish. His books is famous book in Seventeen. O four the book called optics and in There. He puts forth his theory of colors. A very interesting a young student in the colonies at the College of Connecticut. We know it as Yale. University would get a hold of Isaac Newton's book optics and he devoured it. This of course is Jonathan Edwards. And he wrote his own little scientific paper he called of light rays and this was all from. Reading Isaac Newton and Edwards draws this corollary from just being amazed at how the actual physical human eye processes light rays. This is what Edwards had to write hence the infinite art that was exercised in the formation of the eye that has given it such an exquisite sense that it should perceive the touch of those few rays of the least fixed stars which enter the eye which all put together won't amount to the million million million million million to part of the least moat of such an exquisite sense that it should distinctly perceive an image upon the retina that it is not above the eighty million millionth part of an inch wide. That has so nicely polished the retina that it should receive so small a picture upon it when the least pro Tuba Rinse or an evenness would utterly destroy and confound it here's Edwards amazed at the human eye but far more amazed at the God who created the human eye and the God who created the universe and it was Isaac Newton who unlocked this for Edwards and it was Isaac Newton who unlocked this for so many other people as Alexander Pope. The poet has it that nature and nature's laws lay hidden by night. God said let Newton be and then there was light Newton as the father of modern science. Believed that no way would science give us less room for God or somehow make less space for God and understanding of him? In fact it was the exact opposite for Isaac Newton. The more he studied God's universe the more he was led to acknowledge and worship God. Newton once said gravity may very well explained the motion of the planets for the can't explain who set the planets in motion. God governs all things and God knows all that is or all that can be known. That's the Great Isaac Newton
The Discovery of Exoplanets
"To this day in history class where we uncover a a new layer of history every day. Today is January ninth twenty twenty. The day was January ninth nineteen ninety-two radio. Astronomers Earth Alexander Volks German and Dale Frail announced the discovery of two planets orbiting the pulsar P. S. R. B. Twelve fifty seven Plus twelve. It was the first confirmed discovery of EXO planets exoplanets our planets beyond our solar system people people have thought that there were planets around other stars for centuries but scientists did not have the tools to detect them and there was no way to know what extra solar systems systems looks like and whether there was life there astronomers in the nineteen. Th Century claimed that they've seen EXO planets but their observations were discredited is credited the first evidence of a possible exit planet orbiting a White Dwarf named Van Manen to was recorded in nineteen seventeen and in nineteen eighty eight scientists. I proposed the existence of the EXO planet gamma Ab but it was not confirmed to be in orbit around around the Star Gamma CPI until two thousand and two using the auto CBO observatory. Puerto Rico. Astronomers Volks Chin and frail searched for new pulsars and February of Nineteen Ninety voest discovered a pulsar in the constellation Virgo. That spun on this axis one hundred in sixty one times per second for rotation period of six point twenty two milliseconds. The pollstar was called. PS are twelve fifty seven plus twelve with ps are standing pulsating source of radio and the following numbers representing the pulsar's right ascension and degrees of declaration modern conventions prefix older pulsar names with the letter. B since before nineteen ninety-three pulsars were given names according to their positions the B nineteen fifty coordinate system. Now their given names based on their position in the J. Two thousand coordinate system but the pulsar had regularities. It's pulsating period. Vocation and frail discovered that there were at least two planets orbiting. Sr B twelve fifty seven plus twelve the the exoplanets were named PS are twelve fifty seven plus Twelve C and P. S. twelve fifty seven plus. Twelve D or poltergeist aced phobic tour respectively. Both are around four times as massive as earth. One has an orbital period of sixty six point five days days and the other ninety eight point two days because the exoplanets are constantly hit with radiation from the pulsar there orbiting they are rocky and cannot support. Port organic life on January Ninth Nineteen ninety-two Frail and bolster published a paper in the Journal. Nature announcing their discovery of the two exoplanets planet's two years later boasted and his colleague macy's Edge Kotecki discovered a third planet in this system it is less massive than earth and has an orbital orbital period of twenty five point three days the planet likely formed from matter ejected into space during the Supernova explosion that created the pulsar in one thousand nine hundred five. Michelle your and Dea Kahlo discovered the first known exoplanet orbiting star similar to the sign since nineteen eighteen ninety two thousands of EXO planets have been discovered most of them confirmed by NAFTA's Kepler space telescope using the transit method. The transit method that detects exoplanets by measuring the dimming of a star as an orbiting body passes between it and earth if the dimming happens at regular intervals in last a set amount of time. Then it's likely that a planet orbiting the star the intensity of dimming helps scientists determine the size ratio between the Star and the planet exoplanets have also been discovered using other indirect methods like the radial velocity method.
You Traveled Far in 2019
"You've been away from work for a few days you deserve some time off after all you've traveled far even if you just stayed at home. According to NASA just by being on the planet earth in the last year use. Is it about five hundred. Eighty four million miles around the sun at an average speed of about sixty seven thousand miles per hour. I wasn't speaking in reference frame. Of course the trip was not a perfect circle. As kepler showed. The Earth's orbit is an ellipse with the sun at one of the two focal points. He also figured out. The planet goes faster when it's at perihelion near the Sun then when it's at a feelin its it's furthest distance which would explain why summer seems to Zip by except that the seasons are a function of the tilt of the Earth's axis not it's different distances. Instances from the sun and the earth rotated three hundred sixty five and a quarter times during. Its sweep around the sun. The trip took eight thousand seven hundred sixty six hours hours or five hundred twenty five thousand nine hundred sixty minutes or thirty one million five hundred fifty seven thousand six hundred seconds
Just a Fainting Spell? Or Is Betelgeuse About to Blow?
"The big news is that Bagel juices definitely probably dimming. Yes so there's no probably on it. Bagel Jews is is currently dimming to the point that it is a lower magnitude a lower brightness which is a higher number magnitude do stuff backwards in the know it all just depends on whether you're above or below the yes. No it is a is a bigger hold on the lightness fainter. The object right right. And so like the brightening skies like minus twenty. Just what seven the sun or something like that. I remember it's tweeted. Yeah yeah so bagel juice the the top if you are a Ryan right shoulder if you're looking at a Ryan. His left shoulder that top red the star that top red shoulder had been the brightest star in the constellation. Had Been One of the top brightest stars in the sky up ten. Yeah and currently it is fainter than Algebra on the bright orange. I of Taurus. The bull will and in the last fifty years of modern measurements. We have never seen it this faint. Now this is a supergiant star. They do do you vary in magnitude. This particular start has a number of different ways that we see it growing and dimming by because it's one of the most likely to go boom Supernova explode stars in the sky all leave the astronomers early please explode and there's a whole lot of headlines flooding around right now saying astronomers think beetlejuice will split Split. Now we don't think it's going to explode. We are wishful. We are hopeful. It is doing something we've never seen before we know it has the potential to go boom. We know it's about nine million years old and that starts the size generally go boom within the first ten million years of their lives. But that doesn't mean it's going to go. Oh boom and in fact January is is a important month because if it follows it's normal behavior and is simply getting fainter than it normally gets right right now we will see it begin to increase in brightness which means it's magnitude number will go down towards zero We we we will begin to see that change Actually it's already below zero so it will simply go even lower. We will see that change in January. Now if we don't see that you're going to see a whole lot of astronomers going these burn please go boom do something because we are owed a visual brightness Supernova in our galaxy galaxies like ours in general general should have a massive supernova every hundred years or so. We haven't had one in a while unless the other side sixteen hundred sixteen eighteen seventy four sixteen hundred kepler's Supernova was the last one we saw in the galaxy. And that's really unusual like there should have been and they're probably were there just on the side of the disc and we couldn't see them but but the closest one was one thousand nine hundred eighty in the large cloud and that was one hundred. Seventy seventy thousand light years away and that is that sucks and there's a couple of things that I've been seeing in the news that I wanNA highlight as just wrong so one of the things that I've been seeing a lot of stories say is telescopes around the world. The most mighty instruments are being turned towards beetlejuice. No they're not thought beetlejuice. Is stupidly. Bright if you pointed an eight meter telescope even add it at its faintness right now to image edge it. It would do bad things to your detector now. There are people that that you can block down light. You can spread it out with the spectograph but you don't need an eight meter telescope scope to be doing this stuff. It became the first telescope to have its disk at a low resolution image and not was done with a one and a a half meter telescope back in the late nineties. Jewelry or something crazy and so this this can account for some of the variations. That are happening with it. it has cells on the surface. Like you know when you look at the at the surface of the Sonny's healed blobby cells little granules right so beetlejuice you can have cells. That are sixty percent. The size of beetlejuice. Yeah so and beetlejuice extends out almost to the orbit of Jupiter Superior and so passed the orbiter. Judy pins it. Didn't yeah that's right. Yeah until it grows and shrinks like AH MIRA variable stars has yeah it has these these cells on its surface that that blob around and so and it's blowing out gas dust. It's thought right that it should blow about the mass of the Sun in its lifetime out in space now. What we we need at this point is colored formation because the way a star changes in magnitude as a pulsating variable you see changes in color linked with changes in size which are linked with changes in brightness and it all interplay S- quite nicely now if the temperature isn't if the color and temperature the same thing isn't changing the way we expect for a pulsating variable star that is new information nations? It is even weirder than before I haven't been able to find high quality colored data yet and this is another one of those things that isn't getting talked about a lot. There's been a few good twitter feeds but I haven't seen a good analysis in in the mainstream media yet and the data. That's it's getting pulled for. beetlejuice is getting pulled from the American Association of Variable Star observers massive amazing database and this database database consists largely for this object of naked eye observations of people standing out in their driveway. Going Oakland for number right is beetlejuice compared to all the surrounding stars and so while this is really good data the the person to person variations are huge which means you can just download the data and use it as is you have to do statistical analysis of of people over time. Pull everything to mean and in fact they initially people who are just pulling the data down really. Oh this is nothing special intel. They started making these corrections. Different people start making these crashes and we're like Oh expletive. This is actually faster than we've seen. There are few people that have good photo electric. This is digitally measured bright. Mrs Guinan at Villanova. University's them. That's the one I saw two but we need more color information because has knowing how bright or fainted as compared to other stars doesn't offer US temperature. which is what we really need to know? If it's really behaving out of the normal please please. Color information public somewhere. What we really need is neutrino observations? That would tell us if it's on its way out but that is the Neutrino. Informations are only slightly ahead of the go boom late Brighton. Yes formation couple of minutes in the. Here's the thing is when beetlejuice does decide to go whether it be tomorrow please please please or a million years from now. which would be really sad? I when it does decide to go. It will be observable with the technology technology. We have today in all the colors of the electromagnetic spectrum so all colors of light but it will also a potentially beginning off detectable gravitational waves and it will be giving neutrinos so this will be something that we can the study across particle physics gravity physics and light When you think about like pictures of Crab Nebula which was in ten fifty four? It's ten times closer yeah Q.. Magin how what it will look like if it when it goes off. Say we'll get to magnitude hanged tude minus ten potentially it could rival the full moon yet a it will pixel for Pixel be brighter than the foam. Yes but we'll be team size right and it will be ten times brighter than Venus and Venus. If you know where to look you can see as a daytime daytime object this means that the SUPERNOVA will be day time object or we are for a go boom bagel juice. Yes I know you don't actually care what I wish what I hope what I desire but beetlejuice and for anyone who still lives in the beetlejuice system apologize for the horrific disaster that we are hoping will happen to your system but if you live if you orbits a red supergiant you've had a bad time for
Practicing Astrology Before Your Saturn Return
"Periodically. There's this discussion that comes op. About how old a person should be in order to do astrological consultations for clients and Starting to charge for consultations is often often seen as a really big step in one studies because while most people will sort of informally look at the charts or read the charts for friends and family members starting relatively early in their studies. The idea of reading chart for a stranger and accepting you know somebody you don't know accepting money for four it is usually seen as a big turning point and a big step to take during the course of one's either studies of astrology or more. Broadly if you're actually going to transition into to like practicing the subject professionally at some point that's seen as a huge milestone definitely and one of the reasons why this comes up even as a discussion pointers it does. Because astrology is unregulated field by enlarge. And so you kind of have to decide for yourself when you're ready and so people make different decisions at different times around that and Yeah so people can disagree with other people's decisions around when people are ready right. And there's lots of different criteria that different people used use for determining like when a person is ready and usually they're everybody ends up making up their own choice their own mind because ultimately it's subjective and because it's an unregulated field. Where for the most part? There's nobody that's ever going to tell you like now it's okay for you to do consultations. There's just a bunch of different criteria that people take into account and or that are floated when this discussion that comes up and one of the ones that sometimes floated as a possible criteria is age idea that very very occasionally and I don't see brought up very often and I think it's a sort of minority viewpoint but occasionally some people do float the criteria of age as a possible deciding deciding factor for when a person should start doing consultations or be ready to or prerequisite for that they should not do consultations until a certain point and right. Yeah and I think that usually comes about I mean. Sometimes it's because it's being inflated with like how long you might have been studying by that age but sometimes it's also I think just kind of a general idea that if you're younger than a certain age maybe you don't have enough life experience to be speaking to people's lives. Hi is using astrology right so sometimes this is floated. It's formulated as a sort of subjective thing where someone will say like. I did start studying being until I was this age. Usually the age that comes up as the Saturn return and I think that's because largely the Saturn return has become in astrology. It's one of the few concepts that sort of permeated outwards from the astronomical community. Become almost like a pop astrology concept where it's like you have sunshine astrology that everybody knows is about. And then you you starting to get like mercury retrograde that everybody hears about and Saturn Return. I think is like the next step down in terms of concepts that have kind of you've made their way outside of the field become general knowledge and the idea that the Saturn return especially is often treated as if it's the final entry point into to adulthood and so- astrologers treated sometimes as sometimes they put a lot of emphasis on it or treated as like a major thing And I you think it is a major life stage marker. I mean both of us have talked about. Saturn returns at decent bit. I mean we happen to have authored like a blog called Saturn return stories yeah sorta return stories dot Com mm-hmm right and so I mean we both think it's important you know I wouldn't say it's not important but I don't know that I would normally set that as like a universal missile you know factor for when people can start practicing professionally. Yeah I mean it gets floated in different ways so like I said. Sometimes it's like a personal thing. I chose not to do this or I didn't end up doing until this point but on their times it's a statement of like what people should do and sometimes is that starts going in the direction of most of sometimes usually when this discussion comes up it sometimes gets floated. As the sort of prohibition that other people should not practice practice or they don't think it's ethical for younger people to practice astrology until either they've reached their Saturn return which happens between the ages of twenty seven and thirty or that they shouldn't until after Cetera turn which would mean that they basically can't practice until they're firmly in their thirties Right yeah and I think I mean neither neither of I don't know if you want to bring up opinions at this point I mean I I definitely have some nuanced ideas about pros and cons but I generally think you know it depends is like a good answer answer to that You know and not like a blanket universal statement about it. Yeah I mean the. The debate came up recently on twitter and I got into and we don't WanNa make it like you said the beginning about that to be because this is a topic that comes up occasionally and that's why I wanted to discuss it because it is like an interesting discussion topic. The does come up periodically and it's worth having a dialogue and presenting some of the best points for both sides even though I strongly feel like in favor of love. That people can do consultations prior to their thirties that the people can do concerts seeing clients in their twenties and then it's more important ones proficiency with astrology gene. How long you've been studying it than it is? How old you are? Because some people like myself got started or get started relatively early in life and therefore by by the time they're in their twenty S. They may have already been studying astrology for for quite a while exactly and that is a point. That does seem like it gets conflicted. A lot of times not so consciously that age automatically equals also approximately the same amount of time studied by that point which isn't always true at all because different people enter their studies at different times times in their lives. Sure so we're going to focus on the broader context Even though I have a strong opinion will be making argument against that bow. Still occasionally the presenting some of the counterpoint. Since it is a nuanced discussion where there are plenty of points you can make and some of those actually came up as I was observing the communities Response to this and occasional instances where you can see something where it's like. Oh that is the counterpoint of that is an example of this not being that great But we'll we'll get to that all right so we need to focus first on what we were just setting. which is the difference between the age of the astrologer verses uses the years of astrological? Study So this is important to distinguish because like we said some people start studying earlier in life. I started around the age of fourteen or fifteen and then I started slowly working into seeing clients around the age of Twenty and twenty one and did my first consultations -tations But in doing that I had already been studying astrology for like five years at that point if I had started studying when I was fifteen and didn't see see my first client until I was twenty. That means I had spent five years of intensive study on the subject. Already had devoted my life to it at that point and also went off to college to Kepler College to study at full-time So it was obviously something. I was super serious about and had been putting a a very extensive intense amount of study into for five years up to that point right and ultimately I think that's important to note nuts. That's why I often when I was in my early twenties would hear this debate. Come up would be very intensely have an intense like reaction. Listen to it in some instances because if I've been studying that long verses let's say somebody's only been studying for three months or six months ons but they're you know thirty two years old Does that automatically give them more expertise or proficiency in strategy than me. Even though I'm a twenty year our old who's been practicing are studying it for five years right answer is obviously no And ultimately that's what it comes down to is that this should be primarily are the primary question that should boil down to his proficiency in the strategy and what constitutes proficiency and how long it takes to become Proficient in interpreting charts as the primary criteria for determining you know is is a personal ready to start seeing clients right right and even that amount of time even though that was really solid you know five years in that you're devoting yourself to it You know different people can can mean different different things by saying I've been studying five years. I've been studying ten years or you know twenty or thirty because what does that mean. Does that mean studying full-time and doing little else in devoting yourself to it. Does that mean you have a full-time job. And you kind of try to read as much as you can outside of that time does that you know or anything in between and so the actual number of years is it doesn't always tell you
Does This Happen to You?
"Hi I'm Chris Kepler and welcome to does this happen to you doing mundane things like grocery shopping. That's why this podcast features Dr Story this week is from Roy who you'll find on medium dot yeah and here is a horror show inc a review of costumes I love Squirrel knows ler and happy cloud wrangler was pathetic. Dan Mustache was basically Spanish moss applied with a preschool featured a severe crease down the middle indicating a failed attempt at topiary after learning he was actually shooting for the Cowbell guy from blue oyster cult is hair metal bands to commit such an affront to the delegate just rat whitesnake in Cinderella heard spilling from bills iphone repick see makeup tight leather presenting his best rendition of twisted mm color me amused when I heard judges thought he came as Bette Midler so where the hell have you been her cubicle looks like a campus kiosk during taxidermied badger with is that track every time I go to the can the gift shop but the realize catcher was how she topped it all off Badger not quite skunk likely bride of Frankenstein nightmare negative ten stars I always thought nate was a funny guy mention of gin in H. R. as workers congregated around the nibbles party saved get Outta here you freak look come line when no ticket back the team was sure to thank Jen for
Maxed out: Kepler homers twice more off Bauer, Twins win 6-2
"Was there was something incredible with the Minnesota Twins Max Kepler there when it Cleveland tonight first off he homered his first two times up against Cleveland's losing pitcher Trevor Bauer last month when these two teams met he had homered three times after awhile so now he's the first player ever in major league history Max Kepler the twins to hit a home run in five straight at bats against the same pitcher in the same season well one of the most the bachelor like Reggie Jackson or something hit three didn't he no but this is those are against three if I don't yeah I guess in the world this is against the same guy same season five straight if you would rather walk after four home runs you'd plug commercial yeah yeah that yeah
Kepler homers twice more off Bauer, Twins win 6-2
"Best with eighty four percent of its roads in good condition C. Romero comma news twenty four seven news the news you want when you want it on Colo news I'm Paul Jackson the Seattle storm say they are looking into allegations that all star for Natasha Howard physically threatened and abused her wife Howard's wife posted a video on Twitter in which she yelled about being threatened the storm issued a statement saying they're aware of the allegations and are in communication with the league the storm will host the York tomorrow at Wimbledon Simona Halep beats Serena Williams in straight sets to win the women's title and studies show that was the best match of my life for also on grass against her is never easy so I'm really proud of my game of the day and it's Halep second major titles four to ten forty on the home of the Huskies I'm Paul de Castro call motives if you want you to write to find the best deals around Los is here to help savings throughout the store shop cobalt two days and take advantage of great values on tools and accessories like seventy dollars off a cobalt twenty four hold Max variable speed brushless cordless impact driver now ninety nine dollars thinking of updating your back seat during our kitchen back to them with up to forty percent off select bath essentials including vanities faucets shower heads and more whatever's on your to do list do it right for less start with lows offers fell to seven seventy was so Capital One presents a thirty second audio tour of Ireland she's very German castle German castle terming castle charming castle chairman Kass you know you can actually go there when you use the Capital One venture card you earn unlimited double miles on every dollar you spend on every purchase which means you'll have plenty of miles to actually travel to Ireland the Capital One venture card what's in your wallet Capital One bank USA NA it's summer time which means it's concert season start your night out with some Bacardi cocktails before heading this weekend's concert with your crew make sure to grab a bottle of the card add some levity to four of the most refreshing drink of the summer of a party leave money we'll keep you moving all summer long live constantly street responsibly copyright twenty nineteen the card and the bad device are trademarks party and company limited the card USA incorporated gables Florida forty percent alcohol by volume five our tea with caffeine from green tea leaves it's delicious energizing incomes and three amazing flavors with zero sugar and four calories in your life with its compact size and portability it goes where you go to the campsite the hiking trail the beach without weighing you down five our tea caffeine from green tea leaves release your natural side from the makers of five hour energy for more information visit five hour energy dot com try five our tea today look for five our tea at your local circle K. store say metro by T. mobile cut the best deal and wireless and it's all for you all from me just switch quickly because metro has to lance but AT and two Samsung galaxy J. seven stock falls for free Amazon prime included that's the way while it should be only at metro the sales tax an activation fee fifty dollars plus rate plan required not older numbers currently on T. mobile network on maturing past ninety days offer subject to change
TESS Of The Exoplanets
"Willer site is finally going to find Ilian see patient on astronomers of compared finding evidence of aliens among the stars to finding a needle in a haystack. If they understand the haystack better their searches stand, a better chance planets circle other stars are called Exo planets. It's very important to learn more about them. That's why NASA launched the transiting Exo planet survey, satellite, or tests into eighteen but already searched for earth like exoplanets Kepler space telescope, they found that small rocket exit planets are fairly common some of these planets might be like earth tests is taking the next step beyond Kepler in some ways the two spacecraft are alike. Both detect planets using the transit method this measures the small dip in light intensity that happens. An extra planet passes in front of its parents star, but Kepler could only monitor one small patch of the sky and many of the planets at found were far away tests on the other hand has the ability to study the whole sky. And its mission is to search for planets around five hundred thousand bright nearby stars, the goal is to find nearby exit planets with conditions, potentially suitable for life resumed can resent spacecraft to those nearby exit planets now because they're still too far away to reach with current technology. What astronomers hope is that the next generation of space based telescopes will be able to tell the composition of the atmospheres of the relatively nearby Exo planets that tests fines, they'll be looking for atmosphere bio signatures combinations of gases. That might indicate that life is present moment of science come from Indiana University. I'm Don glass. I'm Yahya Cassandra.
The Real Cost of Raising Kids
"Everything from labor and delivery. To childcare food clothing shoes illness haircuts diapers. Sports video games and probably even a Jurassic Park Jeep Wrangler or Barbies ultra dream house. But there's one major cost. That's never ever factored in you. Never hear the experts mentioned costs incurred from the destruction of your home. Kids are a force that once unleashed have the capacity to annihilate anything in their path. I don't remember when I first noticed the insanely expensive increase in home repair costs. But it must have occurred around the time my children move from infancy to mobility shortly. After my daughter could walk. She became an artist. She was supposed to be tucked in and sound sleep following thirty bedtime stories. But instead she got hold of my sharpies and produced a mural that spanned the entirety of. Bedroom. The next morning smiley faces unicorns and dinosaurs pranced across the canvas walls as she smudged with the residue of her efforts grin. Proudly it took many many coats of paint to a race all remnants of her artistic endeavors, but at least sharpies weren't as bad as my granddaughter's material of choice, we revisiting my son and his family when his wife charged downstairs shouting, Emma has smeared poop all over her walls. Are you sure it isn't chocolate? I ask. Hopefully, no, definitely pope. I went upstairs to see for myself, but stopped short at the door without going in. It was poop. This took a lot of washing and bleaching in addition to a new coat of paint. But the worst art is the kind neither Clorox nor paint can conceal my grandson. Son's decision to use a ballpoint pen to etch his creative work into our flat screen. TV is forever. Etched in my memory following the damage, we move the TV to the workout room where it is an ongoing reminder of the downside of turning your back on a toddler artistic pursuits, aren't the only culprits adding to unmentioned home repair costs. There was the chin up bar. My boys decided to nail into their bathroom wall. When they tested it down came at bar sheet rock and all before that they blew up the microwave warming McDonald's French fries, ten minutes on high. And there was the time. One of them rubbed a rock across the dining room table to see if it was hard as diamond when they were too old to play with rocks. One son. I forget which one back to car into the garage door. Lest you think my kid's in grandkid. Kids are hooligans. I'll share a couple of stories from outside the family unit. I was having dinner with a friend and the table was set with her best China until she pulled up plastic forks. I must have looked surprised because she said, oh, I didn't mean to use plastic replacing the forks with nice cutlery. She added I forgot it's just us. Grownups tonight. I make the grandkids use plastic because they throw my silverware away. Your grandkids throw your silverware away. I repeated baffled. Yes. I was missing forks. Then I noticed the four year old dropping forks in the trash better than putting civil war down the garbage disposal. I guess which reminded me of the time. My grandson asked what would happen if he tossed a penny in the garbage disposal. Don't do it. My husband warned, but I'm sure you can guess what happened next in response to my friends cutlery. Explanation, another friend. Chime didn't and said throwing forks in the trashes nothing. You know that big glass MIR that covers one wall of our exercise room. What are the kids hurled a shoe and cracked it? You can see from this brief recital of child. Rearing highlights that kids are expensive in more ways than experts give them credit for. So if you're a parent or a grandparent Batten down the hatches and prepare for the unexpected, which you really can't prepare for anyway. One interesting aside to all this is help particular. My daughter has become an adult hood this girl who used to traipse across our carpet in money horseback. Riding boots makes me take my shoes off as soon as I get inside her house. Thanks so much for listening. If you enjoyed the story, let me know and share it with your friends. Follow me at Kris K, K aria on Twitter or Kris K Kepler on Facebook. Or check out
"kepler" Discussed on Curiosity Daily
"kepler" Discussed on TechStuff
"We'll give us more information about those X oh planets. Visiting one however is going to take a lot longer the closest Exo planet orbiting in the habitable zone of its star is proxima centauri b that's orbiting the red dwarf star, proxima centauri and just to be clear Kepler did not discover proxima b that planet was discovered by the European southern observatory using the radial velocity method. You know, the good old wildly method. That star however is the closest star to our sun. But closest is a relative term. It's. Still four point two light years away. Now that means it takes more than four years for light from that star to reach us the space craft we have designed so far in the history of space travel in in all of human history. They travel significantly slower than the speed of light. And obviously, we can't get matter up to the speed of light because matter has mass so getting to this destination would take a really long time. However, one company called breakthrough initiatives has proposed a plan that would do it sort of they plan to launch small unmanned spacecraft that they call star chips these tiny spacecraft would use light sails for propulsion so light sales or solar. Sails us pressure from photons photons don't have a mass, but they do have a relativistic mass, which means they have momentum which means when they hit against something they transfer momentum to it. So you can actually acceler. Wait a spacecraft by having photons bounce off a solar sail? It does take a while to get up to a pretty fast speed, but you're under constant acceleration. So while the acceleration isn't so dramatic. You're not going like zero two point two five the speed of light in in five seconds. It takes a long time to get up to speed. But according to the company the starcraft that they have designed will eventually reach a top speed of about twenty percent that of the speed of light. So they would get the proxima B in around twenty years or so then you have to tack on another four years for the information. They were sending back to get to us. So twenty four twenty five years from the time that those are launched and they start heading toward proxima b before we would find anything out about it. But still pretty exciting and the search for extra plans. Continues Kepler is done, but it has served us. Well, it has given us a lot more information and told us that planets are way more plentiful than we might have hoped. Whether or not planets in the habitable zone are more plentiful that still remains to be seen. We're gonna have to really do a careful study with using multiple lines of inquiry to make that determination. But it's really exciting stuff. I hope you guys enjoyed this episode..
"kepler" Discussed on TechStuff
"Heard our expectations a bit reduce that number somewhere down between two and twelve in two thousand eighteen the power of crowd sourcing in science was proven again when an Australian car mechanic discovered a planet system that had at least four Neptune sized planets in it the had taken the data from the K two mission and a gone through it meticulously. Nasa would end up confirming his find and also the scientists who were looking into it. Discover that the planet actually had a fifth or the star rather had a fifth planet in its system. So cool stuff on April eighteenth two thousand eighteen the transiting Exo planet survey, satellite or tests launched into orbit. This is Kepler's successor. It's going to be looking for planets using the transit method much like Kepler dead on October thirtieth two thousand eighteen NASA essentially pulled the plug on Kepler could no longer operate as a run. Out of fuel that needed to help stabilize its position. It was too wobbly. It was just not going to provide reliable information. So it will remain in its orbit it safely away from earth. But it will be defunct out in space tests, which is more powerful than Kepler was is expected to detect perhaps more than twenty thousand new Exo planets and Kepler is giving us a lot to think about before Kepler. We didn't really know how common Exo planets were it could be that they were really really rare, but Kepler discovered hundreds of multi planet systems in a few small patches of sky so extrapolating from that information, we can estimate that there are possibly hundreds of billions of planets in our galaxy alone though to be fair. We don't actually know how many stars are in the Milky Way. Galaxy we can estimate it we think it's somewhere between one hundred billion and four hundred billion. So even if we. We are being conservative, and we say a hundred billion and even if we say that only a tiny fraction of the Exo planets out there are earth like an in the habitable zone around the respective stars. You're still talking about hundreds of millions of planets that might possibly support life in the Milky Way. Galaxy future telescopes..
"kepler" Discussed on TechStuff
"Now that would mean the telescope would have to look at around four different sections of sky every year every three months or so it would change its orientation just because they could not keep it pointed at the exact same patch all year round while relying upon sunlight to study it. It. But it did mean that the telescope could keep operating it just wouldn't look at the same one hundred seventy thousand stars all year round. Instead, it was more like half a million stars in total throughout the year. But then keep in mind, if you're looking at different patches of stars every three months, or so if you aren't if it's not timed out the same way as a planet transiting its own parents star, you don't get any more data from that. Right. You may it may be that you look away just to something interesting happens, which is the story of my life. I should just title. My auto biography. I wasn't looking over the years. The information from Keppler kept providing researchers with more evidence of Exo planets and other interesting phenomena. So in two thousand fifteen data suggested that a rocky planet orbiting a white dwarf star was actually being pulled apart as it solar system was kind of dying in two thousand sixteen. Some interesting information showed odd fluctuations in a particular star's brightness. Which leads some people to theorize that perhaps some alien civilization had built a mega structure around that star. It was far more likely that the fluctuations were caused by dust cloud. But it was still super cool thing in the spring of twenty sixteen NASA announced that the team had found one thousand two hundred new Exo planets after reviewing Kepler data, and that was a huge announcement. And all of these were from that original mission of Kepler, not the k- to mission. This was still from its first run in two thousand seventeen NASA produced a report that stated Kepler had detected four thousand thirty four potential planets in its original mission with two thousand three hundred thirty five planets confirmed originally the team estimated that about thirty of those planets were likely close to earth size and were of Iraqi nature further examination. However temper..
"kepler" Discussed on TechStuff
"The Kepler telescope looked like a cylinder probably about twice as tall as your typical person. So fairly large telescope had solar panels along the sun facing side of the satellite. So it would generate electricity that would be used to power various parts of the telescope. It also had an angled opening. It was essentially a sun shade that would block the sun's light from interfering with the light. The telescope was trying to pick up from distant stars. You didn't wanna have interference there? Otherwise, the sensors inside the telescope would just be registering. The sun rather than the stars. It was looking for to keep Kepler pointed at the right patch of sky the telescope had four reaction wheels. I guess technically still has four reaction wheels. Just there's nothing to power them anymore. These were motorized components that could cause Keppler to move in the opposite direction of the spinning of each. Wheel and the wheels could spend really fast like around the thousand to four thousand revolutions per minute. The wheels were a known point of vulnerability as well. The the group knew that the wheels had failed on other spacecraft after a while. But they also realized that they needed components that would help keep the budget down for Kepler. And eventually once it got to the point where they were really worried about their reliability. It was a bit too late. So the vulnerability would become a true thorn in the side of the group in two thousand twelve that's when one of the four wheels failed a second wheel would fail in two thousand thirteen and the Keppler needed at least three working wheels to maintain its orientation that way, so in two thousand thirteen the primary mission for Kepler came to an end the aperture on the telescope measured. Nearly a meter in diameter the light. Detection comes from an array of forty two camera sensors which collectively acted like a ninety five megapixel camera now, specifically the cameras sensors were CDs or charged couple devices each one measured fifty by twenty five millimeters in size and each one had a resolution of twenty two hundred by one thousand twenty four pixels. The CD's wouldn't record information from stars below a certain luminosity that would limit the amount of data being fed back to NASA. Essentially, they were saying, you know, some of these stars are so faint that it doesn't make sense for us to track them because we're not getting enough data to be able to reliably say, oh, this represents a debt in that light on January tenth two thousand eleven just a bit more than a year after NASA had announced the first five planets discovered by Kepler the agency at a new announcement, which was that the telescope had discovered the first unquestionably rocky planet orbiting a distant star. This one K became. Kepler ten b later that year. Nasa would reveal the Kepler had found a planet that the team would designate Kepler sixteen b this one was special in that it was a planet in a double star system, which always makes me think of tattooing in the Star Wars series with the two sons at sunset and at the tail end of two thousand eleven NASA announced Kepler twenty two b that was the first plant to be found in the habitable zone around its respective star. And it has a diameter that's about twice the size of earth. So it's a bigger planet than ours is in two thousand thirteen after the second reaction wheel failure the team worked had to work on coming up with a way to still use the telescope without being able to to use the intended method to keep its orientation to make sure it was pointed in the right way. Meanwhile, researchers were discovering more Exo planets as they were pouring over all the day. Data that Kepler had gathered in its operations, and that would continue on for a couple of years just because the telescope wasn't in current operation. Didn't mean it wasn't providing really useful data for people to pursue because they could actually go through all the stuff that already been collected. And look for more signs of it in may two thousand fourteen the Kepler telescope would start a new mission called K two in this mission. The team would rely upon sunlight which actually does exert pressure. That's the actually the working principle behind things like solar sails, and they use the sunlight to help keep the Kepler pointed in the right direction..
"kepler" Discussed on TechStuff
"It was a small patches sky which was occupied by part of the constellation cygnus. The swan and Lyra or liar. Also knows the harp. There's a term for this moment. When a space telescope like this sins back its first image. And it's called first light, which I think is kind of cool. Also it had the equivalent of a lens cap. It was a a very very large lens cap because the telescope has quite a large opening at one end. But that had to be jettisoned first before any images could be sent back, obviously. Otherwise, you just get if you've ever taken a picture with a camera that still had to Lynn skept on. You know, what you get you get pitch black darkness that same little small patch of sky, by the way, while it is a tiny tiny portion of the overall night sky. It's home to around four and a half million stars Kepler's job was to monitor around one hundred seventy thousand of those stars simultaneously. So its job was just to monitor the brightness of those stars and look for tiny variations in their luminosity regular ones periodic dips in their luminosity, which would indicate an echo planet in transit on January fourth twenty ten the Keppler team announced that the telescope had detected five planets, they had gone through the data, and they had found enough convincing data to say that in those five cases, they're certainly appeared to. Be planets in orbit around their respective stars. And they had exciting names like Kepler four b Kepler five b Kepler six b Kepler seven b and Kepler eight b they fell into a class of planets called hot Jupiters. These are planets that are of a similar size to Jupiter in our solar system. That's the biggest plants got a diameter that's eleven times greater than earth's technically could fit about one thousand three hundred earth's inside a single Jupiter. So what makes them hot? Well, it's that these planets are relatively close to their parent stars the orbits are very short compared to an earth year a year on one of those planets might only take three or four earth days. So every imagine that every three or four days you've gone through an entire year that is the equivalent of these planets years and made it easier to detect because they were big planets. So they have a big impact on the amount of light. That was hitting the. The Keppler telescope. So you could see the indication very clearly and because they were so close to their parent stars it happens. So frequently that you could keep that you could actually make predictions of when you would see the next Depp. And if in fact a dip occurred when you predicted it, it would be a strong support that yes, there is a very large planet that's in orbit around that star. So the telescope was very successful. It was indicating that there were bodies or in orbit around other stars in other solar systems that wasn't measuring. The wobble is just measuring the light. And it was showing that this method actually had a lot of validity to it. Now in our next segment. I will go into a little bit about how Kepler actually worked and what else it discovered in its lifetime out in space..
"kepler" Discussed on TechStuff
"Planets in nineteen Ninety-six the free sip team had yet another chance to propose a flight mission. And this time they made a really big adjustment to their proposal. Actually, they made two big adjustments. It's just that one of them was perhaps more important. And more key to getting approval, and that was changing the parameters of the mission. The original proposal required putting a spacecraft in a LaGrange orbit. Now. That's a position in space where the combined gravitational forces of two large bodies equal this trivial force of a body. That's in that position between the two or around the two. So the two large bodies in the case that we care about our the earth and the sun. So there are five LaGrange points that are in that vicinity around the sun and earth. They have designations that go from L one up to l five so l one LaGrange orbit is that a point between earth and the sun it's much closer to the earth than the sun because gravity depends upon mass and distance and the earth is much less massive than the sun. So you need to get closer. If you wanna have all that stuff kind of bounce out L. Who is actually located behind earth with respect to the sun? So in an orbit. That's that's further out from the sun than earth is L three is actually on the opposite side of the sun from where the earth is l four and l five are in effect at an orbit sixty degrees ahead and sixty degrees behind the earth, respectively in its orbit. Now, a satellite at L one would have an unobstructed view of the sun. And that's why we've put the solar and Helius Feerick observatory there satellite at L to would have a view of deep space, and it would be shaded from the sun because it would be in the shadow of earth. That's where the James Webb space telescope will eventually be these orbits require a lot of adjustments to keep a satellite stable, otherwise, they would drift out of orbit and move into a collision course with a celestial body like the sun, for example, moving and telescope into one of those orbits and keeping it there would have required. A lot more. Fuel and thus added expense to the mission. So this new proposal for what was originally called free Sep suggested putting the telescope in a normal solar or orbit rather than Grange orbit. And that brought the cost down significantly in the mission. Also got a new name. This was the second big change. And that new name was Kepler after Yohannes Kepler the seventeenth century German astronomer the mission still did not get green lit at that time. However, then in one thousand nine hundred eight they tried again, and they got turned down. Again. The team were told they needed to demonstrate the Tommy tree system. They had in mind would actually be sufficient to pick up the transit of a planet across its star. So they build a testing facility at the Ames research center, and they began running more than a hundred fifty simulations to prove that their system would actually work in two thousand one NASA officials finally gave approval to Kepler this was the fifth. Puzzle for that mission. And it was designated as the tenth discovery class mission for nearly a decade engineers and scientists got to work building the actual telescope. I'll talk more about how it worked in just a moment. But the telescope launched on March sixth two thousand nine it was on top of a three stage. Delta two rocket. That's what was used as the launch vehicle and more than a month would go by once it reached its orbit before it would take the first image of a small patch of sky..
"kepler" Discussed on TechStuff
"Hey there in welcome to tech stuff. I'm your host Jonathan Strickland them an executive producer. And I love all things tech. And as I record this. It is the week of we'll Halloween in the United States, but on October thirtieth Tuesday of this week Tober thirty two thousand eighteen NASA chose to retire the space telescope Kepler which had been in operation not continuously. But had been in operation since two thousand nine I say, they retired. They didn't have much choice in the matter. The telescope had run out a fuel could no longer hold its orientation, which is pretty important if you are using a telescope any kind of telescope if you've ever used any sort of magnification, and you couldn't hold it steady. You know that it's not much use. But this mission was no failure. It was actually the conclusion of a monumentally successful scientific mission. The Kepler team. Projected a nominal mission. Lifetime of three years or maybe three and a half. The actual telescope was able to continue its original mission objectives for an additional year when it was first launched and then stuff started breaking down. But I'm getting ahead of myself. So let's start with the question. What was Kepler's purpose? What was it built to do? The simple answer is that it was built to search the galaxy for the presence of Exo planets. In other words, planets outside of our own solar system and that included looking for earth like planets. Scientists had very little information to go on to make conclusions about how many stars out. There might have planets is it common? Is it infrequent? You can't really draw any other, you know, theories or or make any more hypotheses until you get more information about how frequently planets are a thing out there. And that's before you get to the question of how many? Planets might be similar to earth or even more importantly in our our grand scheme of things. How many of those planets might be in an orbit around their respective stars in what we would call the h z or habitable zone, so the habitable zone, it's pretty self explanatory. It's the region surrounding star in which water could exist in its liquid state if it were on a planet. So there's not a single range we can give to describe the habitable zone, right? I can't just tell you. It's X many millions of miles away. And the reason for that is because there are different kinds of stars. So to determine the habitable zone of a star. I you have to ask yourself. The question is this star old enough that any planets that might be orbiting? It would have been around long enough to have time necessary for life to develop because it would probably take billions of years. So you wanna make sure that? The solar system. You're looking at is actually enough for that to have been a possibility on a similar note. The size of the star matters larger stars have shorter lifespans than smaller stars generally speaking, that's because stars with greater mass will burn through their fuel more quickly than smaller stars the process of fusion will be at a much greater rate for large star that as for a smaller star. So if you have a really big star, it may only live to be a few million years old before it collapses and explodes in a supernova. Now, I know a few million years it's a long time for humans, but for stars most stars like the smaller ones, that's not long at all a star of the size of our sun. Could stick around for maybe ten billion years the sun? Our son is currently around four point six billion years old. So we got a bit a minute or two before it burns out. And honestly before it. Burn out. There would be other things going on that would be of immediate concern to us. But yeah, we got billions of years before that happens. So really big stars. Are not good candidates for finding planets that might have life on them..
"kepler" Discussed on Science Friday
"And we wanna know what's the biggest science issue in your state. Maybe your local community, maybe your Tam who'll be taking calls and our number is eight four four seven two four two five five eight four four seven two four to five can also tweet us at sei fry but I prepare to say goodbye to an old friend for nine years. Nasr's Kepler space telescope has been orbiting deep-space giving us an unprecedented. Look at at the objects within it. But this week NASA announced that Kepler has finally run at a fuel the end of its life. That means the agency will soon be sending its final command to the telescope shutting down permanently here to tell us about that story as whether maybe better. For more hopeful stories, aiming Jim who's editor for the I spectrum Kepler's nothing to be ashamed. Him now has succeeded a its mission. It has actually surpassed Nasr's original expectations. Kepler was Nasr's. I original exit planet hunting missions. So ex planets are those planets that exist outside of our own solar system when the Kepler mission was first conceived. We didn't even know of a single one. And now Kepler has helped us build up a catalogue of potentially as many as four thousand it's confirmed the existence of twenty six hundred and even after it shuts down its data will be used to confirm what's expected to be many more. Because there's also what stuff we haven't analyzed yet. Yes it. Yeah. It's continued to send data even while it's on it's kind of last legs of its mission in scientists will continue to analyze that information. And then just in April NASA launched its next version of Kepler. It's known by its acronym tests, it'll continue on with Kepler's mission to hunt new exit planets, there's going to be going out there exploring deep space, yet a little different orbit Kepler was actually orbiting around the sun kind of trailing the earth. And this new mission will actually orbit around the earth and a very elegant orbit. And it'll be able to look at whole whole port persons of the sky, whereas Kepler was sort of focused on a more narrow sliver..
"kepler" Discussed on NASACast Audio
"And we believe that if the worst stars transiting the system that an earth like place a habitable zone would be a seventeen day period orbit. And because it's so small, we could actually from the ground determine whether or not there were planets as small as earth there nearby spending a lot of telescope time, but we stare in. We observe for six years. We play. Really strong upper limits on the presence of any planets in that system, but we never discovered any kind. It took Kepler to fly before we found the first circum binary planetary system, Kepler sixteen, b. And since then we've found a handful of other such systems. And what's interesting is that is that within the first several discoveries, we discovered a planet in the habitable zone of circum binary planetary system. Wow. You know, this is one of those kind of discoveries that the planetary scientists are going to be stumped for awhile, right? We have to really figure out what this planet is like. And if you look at a star, chances are the got a planet at least one and, and so many have as you as you've already talked about quite a solar system in a more so than than than our own. But what are the kinds of sizes were seeing? What's that kind of distribution? Well, in terms of the planets that we've discovered, we discover more smaller planets than we do larger. Planets, and that's very interesting because it's actually harder to find the smaller planets. It's kind of like if you were blind and reaching down into a pond fishing, you really want us find the small cool fish. They're down there the bottom, but the warmer fish because the waters around the top, the larger warmer, Fisher easier for you to find because they're closer to your easier free to reach and they're easier to find.
"kepler" Discussed on NASACast Audio
"The stars are grinning at you can measure the size and the mass of a star to couple percent, and that's phenomenal because we can't see the star. We can't resolve the size of the star by looking at the images. We're just seeing point sources, so it's phenomenal that from, you know, a hundred hundreds or thousands of light years away. We can actually measure the mass in the size to couple percent. I don't know about you, Jim. I don't know what my mass is to two percent. Okay. That's really phenomenal. So let's listen to what a star song could be like. So you know, when Kepler looks out and sees this large population of star stars, I can just imagine that it's looking at almost every type of star from what we classifies a all the way to 'em and others. Is that true? That is true for Kepler. We had target stars that we observed and over the lifetime of the mission. We observed over two hundred thousand stars during the Kepler mission itself ranging from late as stars, all the way down to early am stars for the most part. Yeah, we're the as of the really big stars that's much much smaller stars that's cracked. Now you've done a lot of work yourself and doing the science analysis. What is some of the fantastic things that gets you excited about looking for planets. Well, I think one of the most exciting things that came out of Kepler in terms of exit planets that we didn't expect was the fact that we observed over well over four hundred multiple transiting planet systems. This is these are cases where he don't just see one planet crossing the face of its star. Periodically, you see multiple planets. He might see two, three as many as eight planets transiting a star. Now, Kepler only observed for four years..
"kepler" Discussed on Liftoff
"Things you could find in an atmosphere that are really interesting because they may suggest life that's that may be our first clue that there is life that we can see on another planet is in the in the details of an extra planet's atmosphere so maybe that will happen based on something originally spotted by test but again tests wouldn't do that second part test is just going to be the one who says okay i'm going to give you guys a list of the ones that i found you go check them out so it's clever it's exciting and it's the all these are closer than kepler kepler was looking further out i believe and so this is sort of like you said it's a lot more sky but it's also a difference section as far as distance than we've seen before so it's there's not much overlap here between the previous mission and the trading off the i forget it's like fourteen megapixel camera basically four fourteen megapixel cameras something like that that are in it i mean the trade off here is you're getting a much more coverage but again brighter and nearer and those are connected like the nearer you are the brighter you are there's there's lots of physics about that and so that's what they're trying to do is bright near stars but in a larger array of the sky which means that you know theoretically this is going to find a lot of when it finds exo planets they're going to be close to us because some of the x planets that kepler found were pretty far away but these are going to be in our neighborhood more or less this is this is trying to find planets that are around us which then leads to the ability to use the ground survey ships to try to get more data.
"kepler" Discussed on Science Friday
"With five plummets and it was actually i discovered by a car mechanic in austria who doesn't have a degree in astronomy but he likes the night sky and he found the system you've got to be very patient i you do have to be patient but you know that he warned his big right because kepler is really putting our own planet and our species into context what's the what's the what's the closest planet to us that might have some sort of life on it keppler may you know the closest planet we know today is a planet around the nearest known star which is proxima centauri now kepler did not find that planet kepler did find a planet just in september called gleason ninety two seven you know we like long boring them and that one is just one hundred light years away and the reason that's interesting is because the hubble space telescope right now is looking at this object this year and the future dame's webb space telescope will be studying the atmospheres of the planets in that system or carefully in the future i think it's really really interesting how you're able to get to smaller and smaller planets to see them i mean absolutely and you know in some sense kepler is only like a strategic caulk in like in the wheel of nasa's longterm objective to answer the big question which is are we alone you know that's a question which is perhaps one of the most fundamental questions are species can ask and in the coming years we're going to see more missions come line which will help us answer that question effectiveness is launching a new mission goal tests next month which is going to help i'll talk about that right after i tell everybody that this friday from pri public radio international talking with the parents in director of the keppler k two guests observer program.
"kepler" Discussed on Science Friday
"Detectors now two of those wheels failed a few years ago but are incredible engineers actually came up with this fantastic solution they were able to point the solar panels of the spacecraft's to the son in such a way that the spacecraft could be maintained stable using the pressure of sunlight which by the way is an insane idea at work thank you love it with that works you know nasa has some of the best engineers and it's such a privilege to work with them scientists well we'll go right give us some give us a highlight now you're you're you've got your coat or chrome slides out on the screen here give us a highlight of the your most favorite discoveries in the biggest contributions kepler has made so far well you know the big contribution is really discovering that planet's rocky planets are common we found more than two thousand six hundred planets i know you said two thousand five hundred in the introduction actually it's now to the two thousand six hundred just because in the last month we found another hundred and you know it's an incredibly diverse universe out there before hot lava planets we found cold icy planets we found rookie earth's and large super earths and fluffy mini neptune's and our sorts of crazy things and perhaps the discoveries i'm most excited about the right now are things we've just been seeing in the last month such as supernova explosions and you have citizen scientists planet hunters going through the data help helping you out of sift through all that data kaplan looked at more than half a million stars now so this is what many people might not appreciate is that ultimately the discoveries from kepler are made by humans on earth and now by the spacecraft itself but it's so much data that astronomers have been overwhelmed so one thing we did is we put like all these latest public every went one step beyond easy interfaces and tools for people to sift through the data and just back in january we announced a planet system.
"kepler" Discussed on Science Friday
"Nasa launched the kepler space telescope in two thousand and nine and it was supposed to operate for what about three and a half years well it's kept running for over nine years and during that time has spotted over twenty five hundred confirmed exoplanets but now it's it's end is in sight i'm sorry to say that joining me now is get batson a astrophysicist and director of the kepler k to guest observer program at ns ames research center in mountain view california welcome signs friday thank you sorry to hear why why is kepler coming to an end well kept her is now ninety four million miles away from earth and just like what happened on the long road trip our fuel is running low and of course there are no gas stations in space but we're not actually set at all because kepler has been taking so much data is this goldmine of data and actually we think it's going to take another decades to sift through all the data wow so for those of us who may have forgotten what what what is kepler mission while kepler was necessary i exit planet mission and what that means is it the first census of planets outside our own solar system so kepler is a telescope and what it does is it's like a big bucket of light and it is looking at stars measuring that brightness and what it's looking for is like minute dips in the brightness of stars because when a planet moves from its star we can record this by looking at the brightness carefully and when this dip happens periodically we know that a planet must be orbiting that star quite interesting a few years ago i remember parts of the telescope failing but you kept it going how how did that happen that's right so kepler uses spinning wheels called gyroscopes which keeps its gas stable in needs to really accurate pointing to keep the stars very very centered on the.
"kepler" Discussed on Click
"We now we focus on disastermanagement causes it is incredibly valuable device rarely for polling hoping to people together around the world at sort of democratising science to to a large extent people want to people want to help when there as a disaster and does universe is a is a great way of letting people help in the comfort of their their own homes and data it so it started with people to kind of pool through lots of images from the hubble space telescope wanting to identify spiral galaxies versus different kinds of galaxies now if you go through the universe platform as a whole host and you'll part of that humanitarian causes where people can give their efforts and help did not just e science but nope sitas opem was all this about full correction of nest nasa astrophysics database down this get you this is fully back on script as far as you will concern its annual boil because they what what do we mean by that and so you've nasa astrophysics data how you helping them get rid of all the folks at okay so the for the kepler satellite look for extra plots concrete far far away and suffered a few faults recalibration faults and it's in its operation on this affected algorithms when they were looking for rex upon its pundits going round round stars and so on so we took some machine then said well developed a machinelearning algorithms that automatically removed those faults on the faults of things like little sort of.
"kepler" Discussed on The Pod Delusion
"A cape great end so while briefly touched on the eib can you give an overview of keppler solve what it is what's he subject his where and how long it's been running things that up absolutely so kepler's nastase first mission capable of finding earth science planets orbiting it's other stars like the sun and it was launched in march of two thousand nine to search for transiting planets planets across the face of their star as i viewed by the spacecraft in so were interested in observing these transits and because we're interested in planets like earth i'm that means that we need to observe for for several years of we see several instances when the planet crosses in front of the face of its star now the probability that a planet will cross the face but start from our point of view is very small at the orbit of the planet has to be edge on from our point of view otherwise the planet never crosses the face of its star nats one reason why keppler observes over one hundred fifty thousand stars because this probability of the geometrical amnesic small we need to look at large numbers of stars norder too on be certain that if planets like earth our common that will see a sufficient number them over the course of the mission okay and damn the the take note the technology so finding choon that you can detect just the slight dip in the light yes it is and it it's a very small signature up from the ground people have been able to detect planets as similar in size to jupiter and jupiter is about ten times the diameter of the earth and so it's it's a little over a hundred times.