29 Burst results for "Julius Caesar"
Virgil and the Funeral for a Bug
"Was a poet who lived in the first century. Bc e during the the augusta periods of early imperial room and You might know him best from his most famous work the epic poem the aeneid which is about sort of the founding lineage of rome and the adventures of the trojan hero aeneas who after the trojan war travels from troy and eventually becomes the ancestor of the roman people Virgil is often considered one of the greatest latin poets and he was wildly popular during his own lifetime You know he. He received commendations from from kings and the wealthy. And and you know everybody thought like this. This guy is just got the juice. And i had virgil on my mind A lot last year. Because rachel and i were re-reading dante's divine comedy. And if you'll recall of course virgil is the pilgrims guide through hell and purgatory and the divine comedy so the spirit of virgil. He's been living out the centuries in limbo because Though he was a very virtuous man he's one of the virtuous pagans. He was never baptized as a christian. So he can't go to heaven he's got a hang out in this sort of antechamber of hell where everybody sits around sighing. Because interesting has ever happening to them. I have to admit that. I tend to when anybody mentions virgil. That's the first place. My mind goes is dante's inferno which is probably not fair. It's like if you were to mention the name of socrates and there was someone were to go. Yeah yeah he's in bill and ted's excellent adventure that's exactly eighty nine. That's exactly where i knew you were going with the villain ted. Yeah yeah the that is pretty good because though it slightly different because it's not a it's not at all parodied in the divine comedy. In fact i would say it's exactly the opposite in the divine comedy. He is he is revered. Yeah yes he. He's reimagined as this like superhuman wizard. For for dante he Virgil is the embodiment of wisdom and reason so for the intended readers of the divine comedy. We're supposed to understand that. Virgil is like a ten out of ten platinum level. Cool be st is just like this ultimate wizard of knowledge and about half of the state you remember. How like basically every other time. Dante talks in the first two books of the divine comedy. It's just to say like virgil you are so right. I would never doubt your wisdom. Tell me more you know and it kind of stinks then. Because i remember when we got to the end of the purgatory and virgil does not get to move on to heaven with dante. He has to stay behind and be beatrice takes him on from there. We're really mad. That virgil didn't get to go to heaven. Yeah yeah no. I mean so much so much time is devoted to him. It also much stripped away at that point. You know. it's like if it's hard to follow dante in into paradise just because you know that there aren't going to be any demons playing trumpets with their bombs or anything there's gonna be Monsters so much and virgils not gonna be there. So it's it's part. Three in a series is always tough. Yeah i agree. Yeah the the trilogy is a hard sell to to complete with dignity. And but i think for modern readers that sense of injustice about virgil that is interpreted by the characters in the inferno as you know perfect divine justice. It's the one person version of the dynamic that plays out throughout the whole thing whereas they're going through hell it just seems like wow. This is really unfair. Yeah but anyway long. Before virgil was guiding dante up the mountain of purgatory in his post mortem shade form people were telling lots of legends about his life and one of those legends. Is that once at his home. In rome virgil built a tomb and held an extravagant funeral for a dead fly. Like a fly as in the insect with six legs and wings This story is very probably untrue. And we'll get to why. That is in a bit. But i i wanted to explore some of the details and for this. I was reading an article by george pendle in cabinet magazine. In two thousand seven called virgils fly and he describes the legend in the following way quote held in the grounds of virgils home on rome's esquel line hill. The funeral attracted the great and good of the city. Dirges were sung and tributes read virgils. Patron my sinus delivered. A lengthy and moving eulogy to the departed insect and virgil was himself said to have uttered a few of his exquisite versus over the tiny carcass tomb had been erected and the lifeless body of the fly was placed within it to the whales and moen's of the professional mourners so lavish where the commemorations that the cost was estimated at over eight. Hundred thousand sister. She's so that's the gist. According to the story virgil and his close friends spend huge amounts of money and effort to celebrate the life in memory of an insect concluding with the insects burial in a marble tomb. Why on earth would this be. Well the legend itself also contains an answer to this so to read from pendle again quote but the reason for the funeral was not due to extravagance interest or even emotion. Having defeated julius. Caesar's assassins at the battle of philip pie. The second triumvirate was at that very moment. Engaged in confiscating the states of the rich and dividing them among the war veterans returning from the battlefield only one exception was given if the estate held a burial plot. It was not to be touched by burying his housefly. Virgil saved his house.
Why Does the Year Start on January 1?
"Every year. The earth orbits around the sun and we celebrate each revolution on new year's day. But what's so special about this particular spot in our orbit. Why do we use january first as the start of our year as opposed to some other day as we go back in history. Most human civilizations did not use a solar calendar they used. Lunar calendar's in fact if you look at the traditional calendars for countries such as china vietnam or for religion such as judaism and islam. They have lunar calendars and their new year's day changes it state every year. Our current calendar can be traced back to ancient rome. The very early romans way back at the founding of the city used to have ten months and that ten months system is still reflected in many of the names of our months today. Their first month was marcus named after the god mars which we call march after march came the months of april ass- maya's and junius the months after this. We're just named after their number until he has sex tellus september october november and december so yeah december are twelve months really means the ten months in latin likewise with november october and september however. Ten months didn't really fit nicely into a year. They had two full months worth of leftover dates. That didn't really fit into any month to rectify this around the year. Seven hundred pc. The roman king numa added two more months to the counter. I annual areas named after the roman god janus and february's which was now the last and shortest month of the year for romans. The beginning of each month was called the callan's so the start of the year was the callans of march or mark. I then at some point and no one is quite sure. When the year began being counted on the calendar of i warious january went from being the eleventh month to being the first month. This might have had something to do with the start of terms for consoles. Romans named their years after the two consuls and power instead of numbering them so for example the year fifty nine bc. Julius caesar wisconsin with kelp. Biblis it was known as the year of caesar bibi however was weak so there was a running joke that it was the year of julius. Caesar it might also had something to do with the fact that january i was the callans closest to the winter solstice. Caesar is actually really important to this story. While the names of the months were very similar to the months we have today. The keller itself was still a mess. Caesar instituted changes to fix this problem. Anti adopted the suggestions of a greek astronomer named side of alexandria suggested going to a tropical year more on that in a bit and created the three hundred sixty five day year with a leap year every fourth year. So that's pretty much. The story right. The roman set january is the first day of the year julius. Caesar sets the julian calender. And we get to where we are today. Nope because in the middle ages the system fell apart completely at the five sixty seven council of tours and there were a whole bunch of different councils of tours so you have to specify. The church declared that january. I was not to be celebrated as the new year as it was a pagan tradition. What replace january first. Well nothing there were. A whole bunch of different days celebrated oliver europe for centuries. Some places used christmas. Which was the winter solstice on. The julian calendar some use the floating date of easter someone back to the old roman march first. And some if you remember back to the episode on why. Christmas is on december twenty fifth us. The important date of march twenty-fifth start of the new year eventually. For a whole host of reasons pope gregory the thirteenth the problems with the julian calender and use the opportunity to standardize the new year back to being january first for good measure. They also made january first holiday which it still is. Today originally january. I was the feast of the circumcision of jesus. But now it's just called the solemnity of mary. Of course not. Everyone was on board with the new calendar. Catholic countries were quick to adopt it but protestant and orthodox countries were not in particular. One country was very late to adopt january first as the beginning of the new year. That country was england. England celebrated their new year on march twenty fifth. In fact their colonies in the americas. Did this as well up until seventeen. Fifty two in seventeen. Fifty england passed what was known as the calendar new style. Act also known as chesterfield's act which is when they adopted the gregorian calendar. The very first thing mentioned in the act was the problem with using march twenty fifth as the new year when everyone else in europe used january first including scotland so when england finally adopted january first as the start of the new year. So did the american colonies for the first time today. Most countries now use the gregorian calendar even if it's only for business purposes to stay instinct with the rest of the world new year celebration such as ted in vietnam chinese new year or rosh hashanah are still traditional festivities held on different days all over the world. The fact remains that there's nothing astronomically significant about january first even though it celebrating an astronomical event aka revolution around the sun so if we were starting new calendar from scratch. What would we pick before. I mentioned that sausage unease of alexandria suggested we celebrate a tropical year and pick that word carefully as opposed to a solar year because there are two types of solar years and they're very similar a tropical year is the time from one season to the next based on win the solstices occur. The current years based on the gregorian calendar are tropical years. However there's also a thing known as ideal year which is when we measure the position of earth based on the location of stars the difference between a ideal year and a tropical year is very small. He said you real year is only twenty minutes longer. This can add up. However the difference between the julian calendar and the gregorian calendar is only eleven minutes per year and that caused a lot of problems over the centuries this has to do with the procession of the orbit that is constantly changing their to logical places to define a new year based on astronomic principles. The i would be one of the solstices. This is something that humans have pictured for thousands of years and have recognized its importance. The winter solstice also is in too far away from january. First the solstice really has more to do with the tilt of the earth however and not the orbit of earth there is something significant about the orbited the earth. That is a point. We could use and oddly enough. It's really close to january. First even though the ancients had no clue the orbit of the earth around the sun is close to circular but it isn't perfectly circular it's a slight ellipse hence there is a point where the earth is closest to the sun. And it's called the para helium perihelion in the year. Twenty twenty one takes place on january second the date of para helium drifts. Over time in the year twelve forty-six para helium actually took place on the same date as the salsas in the year. Six thousand four hundred and thirty it will take place. On the spring equinox so january first is the start of our year which marks astronomical event even though the data itself has no astronomical significance set by the romans abandoned by the church only to be later adopted once again by the church so as the romans did celebrate the callans of january which honors janice the roman god with two faces one which looks into the past at the old year and one which looks into the future at the new
What Will the World Look Like When Crytpo Is Fully Adopted?
"What do you think the world will look like. Once crypto has been adopted. There's there's two sort of visions. I think i don't maybe we can just be honest ourselves. Sometimes i worry about the vision. We have for currency so aware. I started and i have a lot of respect for jeremy in the team at circle. Because back when i was in grad slow boston actually used circle to violate quinlan. So kudos huge you. Jeremy you saved me from my days for buying the clan on craigslist in using fan. So i could do how well yeah. So you obsolete neat stack my my sats. The early days of the coin The i think they're sort of two visions and they're two very different visions the vision. I've always had for bitcoin that i think. Really compelling one is the separation for the first time of money and state. Money has been object of the state since julius caesar stamped his face on a gold coin and i think really the experiment. We're attempting here like the world is no longer defined by physical orders. We live in a very digital world. Anyone could be anyone on. The internet has many different identities many different communities where part of sometimes as our default reality south. Sometimes where donnas you know there are a lot of eggs anonymous individuals citing. We live in this really interesting world that is truly becoming borderless antony. Bitcoin really represents the evolution of money transfer value in that world. But in the same time. I think governments are looking at bitcoin Right now we're living in a world where governments are trying to ban math. They're literally encryption. We done this time and time again. For the last twenty five years since incriptions existed but the advent of central bank digital currencies. In certainly what. We've seen in the asia pacific region in particular the advent of dc p. and Sort of national quote unquote digital currencies. You do have a lot of concerns around the ability for people to have financial privacy. Privacy transactions privacy communications so we have these two very different paths down which we're heading. I don't know if they're gonna coexist. Don't know if it's going to be an ethic collision and i know jeremy also you know than working a lot on uscc which which arguably has replay here. But i think the future of joe currencies in our society is sort of at this. Very interesting impasse. I want bitcoin to exist. Ideally people have the right to privacy that people have the right to sue committee in their transactions. But i think governments certainly do not like that and are advocating now for the antithesis of that which is central bank digital currencies and monetary systems that. Give them complete control the ability to exert financial censorship at every level of society. Driving up tacit. Tiv know early. There's so much there. I i guess i it just as a technologist The to the question of you know. When will this be mainstream or however you wanna call that my view is that you know. Things are mainstream in terms of technology when they disappear when they're invisible people and and when when essentially like people just take take them for granted right and said depending on your age and depending on where you are like. You might take for granted social media. But obviously that wasn't something that existed Wherever x. number of years ago you might take for granted that you have this amazing you know Supercomputer that just like that is reality. That is what the world was but obviously that had changed so at. What point is the use of crypto so ubiquitous and so embedded in so many things that we just take it for granted so were were. We have credited ago on that. But i think we're making really really strong progress. I think when. I also think about that question. I really think about Crypto and blockchain Is is. It's a pretty broad surface area right. You can be narrowly focused and sort of say there's non-sovereign stores value that use of blockchain infrastructure. You know bitcoin cash you know cetera et cetera which i completely agree with melting right. There's this this is this new form of borderless internet money and it will continue to grow and scale. And i'm i'm quite quite optimistic about that. But then there's the the fundamentals of the broader technology right so you know public chain infrastructure as effectively a new operating system layer on the internet. A new set of systems for storing data conducting transactions and executing code. That's what operates systems can help. Do these new operating system layers are very very general purpose in many respects there well suited to what i call fiduciary trust applications but can also be you know i. I was in a hackathon panel with melting the other day and we are looking at someone who built a decentralized messaging application on top of salona. The point being anti-centralized fantasy football fans in so digital games. You know messaging applications all these things on decentralized infrastructure web three cetera. Like that part of this is also a very very important part of this and so and you know something like stable coins like regulated stable coins like a us dc or potentially libra like these. These are also like apps that run on this new operating systems and could be quite popular. And so i think in terms of the question of when does that become mainstream. I think we're really close there. I think in the next twelve to twenty four months many of the most popular digital wallet products in the world that are used that we think of unused like as peer payments. And things like that. They're gonna turn on these protocols they're gonna turn these on and you're going to have you know all of a sudden hundreds of millions of people that can make interoperable payments at each other and that will kind of be in the background. That will be invisible. You'll you'll just you won't be trapped in making payments to people who then mo you'll be able to make payments between van mo and square cash and pay pal and swish in sweden and vips in norway. And you know go around the world to all these different apps. They're all going to speak. These common protocols in i think that's a a mainstream phase in digital currency. That's that's coming. I think ultimately that same number of people who might feel okay like i'm using euros or dollars or whatnot feeling comfortable using bitcoin that will grow to and eventually i would expect billions of people will will wanna use bitcoin to
Russia moves to protect Putin from prosecution
"We start in russia. Where the duma has backed a bill which grants the country's rulers and their families immunity from criminal prosecution after they leave office and it has set tongues wagging about president putin's political future putin's allowed to stand for two more terms in office when his current stretch ends in twenty twenty four. But is there any need for him to do so if he can retire sooner without fear of prosecution or we're joined for more on this by the russia analyst and regular monocle twenty four contributor. Stephen deal welcome back to the briefing. Stephen always good to hear from you. Tell us it's funny if we if we look back. I don't know a quarter of a century almost now to the sort of an days a of yeltsin now was lots of talk about potential prosecutions and of course putin Gave him immunity as soon as he took over. Is that something Will be very much john on. Putin's mind as well right now. I'm sure his the yeltsin when he stepped down on the thirty first seven nine hundred ninety nine the one thing he'd been looking for in that second term since he's been president since the middle of ninety was someone who would guarantee him immunity from not only him in fact his his blood family and also his wider political family immunity from prosecution for the rest of their lives and the very first decree of then acting president vladimir putin on the last day of ninety thousand nine when he took over as acting president was to grant yeltsin and his coterie fact that immunity and on one thing. We're surprised that this hasn't been done before. But if you think back much closer to to where we are now this year of course we were talking about putin being being able to be president for the rest of his life because of course they changed the constitution earlier this year in russia and it means that the is white cane he can stand again for president in two thousand and twenty four and then if he wants to he can stand again in twenty thirty. They've overturned the previous idea. That president couldn't have more than two consecutive terms. But what this does. I think this is even more significant than and giving him that. Johnston president for life. It means that truly fall ill or something then. This means that he can. He can step down and not be prosecuted at the moment. The russian president compu- prosecuted while he's in office but until this is passed he can be prosecuted if he if he were down. Well it's really interesting statement. I guess it's sort of fun to speculate in a way. What appeals to vladimir putin most is it to just stay in office To sort of become superannuated president be there for decades as it will turn out or is he more concerned about protecting as you said his nearest and dearest and in the immediate coterie from from what we understand and we know about him. What do you think is most appealing to him. In the here and now is the consolidation. Is that endurance that longevity or do you think he'll be drawn to just melting away into the shadows. The shadows putin is someone who doesn't really have friends. He doesn't really trust anyone. That's his whole background as a street ladd in petersburg when he was growing up and even more so when he was kgb officer and so what he feels is that he he can never be sure he always reminded of sort of you know to broussais. And julius caesar and and that that to me is where putin stands that. He's always afraid that someone were to step down. Someone might change things and then drawing prosecute him and there's a number of things that they might want to prosecute for most not be now if we thinking well it's got to be after he's president. What does the state of the russian economy at rome. It's pretty awful. There are some very few at the top who are just unbelievably wealthy. Russia has nine thousand nine billionaires in the country at a time when thirty eight percents of the country at least according to official fingers are living below the poverty line. Russia is still very much dependent on oil and gas. And it's very interesting today. We have the news. That britain is saying no more petrol cars with diesel cars from twenty thirty. You know the world is going away from those fossil fuels and russia's not really doing anything about it and rushing. Business is is is not in a good position and so you know you could say one of his worst legs could be the state of the economy if you want to choose to step down but if this is passed in the duma has has given it its nods so far it has to go to the federation council. The house and then ironically putin himself would have to sign it off which. I have no doubt he would do. I mean i just wonder what do Russian pro democracy activists Putin's opponents have to say about the sorts of moves. Stephen because presumably there would be appetite in certain limited quarters to say look. We can't have a situation where people are protected in perpetuity from their alleged misdeeds. Particularly if it's a question of. I don't know following the money this sort of thing. Do you think that there will be a a counter. Lobby is ernie president to being able to sell it. We can review these These rulings down down the track or is that just a nonstarter. Right now is a non-starter. The doom is heavily stacked with putin supporters. Then indeed the federation council houses to. There's being talk over the is of of election. Rigging putin generally has a lot of popular support out in the country not so much in moscow some of the other big cities but those who are in power now would definitely know passes laura have no doubt it will become more and because what putin were he say to foil in five years time and so having been reelected in twenty four finally can't carry on steps down if this law is not in place then what frightens him is the idea. Is that in fact with. He's the hub of the wheel and he's taken out. Then we'll spokes collapse will then a real opposition which does exist. but it's very small and sat on very hard when it raises his voice. That actually stopped means something in which case could be a threat of prosecution. So he's he's trying to cover every base. I think it's very interesting that this is come on top of the idea that he could serve the rest of his life. This gives him the get out. I'm not well or on board. I want to step down. But i can still be secure. Won't be prosecuted prompts. The question stephen wh what does any eventual succession. Like i appreciate this. Very very speculative and it could be twenty four. It could be twenty thirty indeed but do we have any better sense of what putin's own Mission is you know he. He wouldn't want to melt into the shadows of you as you suggested but is there any hints of sort of you know a dynastic succession or do you think he's more interested in in the here and now i wonder if we can speculate even about what happens after he takes his hand from the tiller right now to be honest tom. I wouldn't want to name a name. Because i have no doubt that he will stand again. Twenty twenty four. So we're looking ten years since two twenty thirty two elections after that and because he can't stand again if he's still in good health and he's generally a fit man he's you know he's still does his judo and he's sixty eight years old now. But as we've seen in america being in your late seventies doesn't preclude you from standing for president so if he carries on fit. Well no reason why in twenty thirty he wouldn't stand again so you know. There's a whole generation of politicians would come up behind him. Then they may be the ones that maybe twenty thirty six fact we may be looking at three. Fold as a israel change. I'm if there is a change. Before that i can't really see it happening if health matters. Don't intervene before two thousand thirty so really as standing where we are now looking ahead. Ten years that famous phrase in brisbane week is a long time in politics. Ten years off it on.
The Roman Empire (with Hannah McIntyre)
"This is wonderful because we've actually had some requests Yes for this this topic and neither of us have been able to bring ourselves. Haven't been have mustered up enough courage. I can I can do the pronunciations justice. Oh, see now that's bullshit. Tell. You land. Will probably bad. So don't worry. Yeah that didn't Stop Hannah. As I have never done a Roman episode either I don't know why I'm up here on my high horse but anyway. Thank you for this I'm so excited. Please Hannah we get away. All right well, the Roman empire was the Post Republican period of ancient Rome the generally accepted dates of the Roman Empire from twenty seven BC to four, seventy, six, eighty although I'll talk about some of the differing opinions about the exact dates. Later, I WANNA start off by laying some of the groundwork of how room operated before we get into the Roman Empire itself. This city and Kingdom of Rome was mythological founded around seven hundred and fifty BC with seven fifty three BC being the most commonly accepted date. It was founded by Romulus the city's namesake and his brother Ramos who are nursed by she will after being abandoned on the banks of the river. Tiber. ROMULUS ended up killing his brother during a dispute over which the seven hills to build the new city on and became the first. King of Rome who? Start. Yeah, just you know as you do murder brother side, you want to build your city on late normal things normal Italian things I would say. Yeah. That's. That's true. So. The Roman Kingdom was the earliest period in Roman history when seven kings ruled before it became a republic. So in five Oh nine BC, the monarchy was overthrown and the Roman Republic was established the majority of the former king's functions were passed onto two men named consuls who are elected to term of one year and could be prosecuted after council ships ended if abuse those powers Ooh I like that. Yeah. That's a little. GonNa Balance. Right there. Yeah exactly and under the Republic Room also began the practice of assigning dictators basically, if things got. So Harry that they're like now we can't risk multiple dudes working to solve this problem. Just let one guy decide everything. So elegant stunned, they could choose a person to be a dictator for six months for six months. That's Max dictator I think you know yeah, I like. It was their choice and also if whatever the dictator was chosen to carry out, usually it was war like somebody or something I if that finished earlier than the six months period, the dictator was actually expected to them be like, okay, that's it. I'm done and dislike resigned their dictatorship. Okay, that's also something that the Italians are really good about is giving power. and. They were actually fairly common until the end of the second punic war, which is the one with Hannibal and the elephants and actually did work pretty well late the Roman republic was basically constantly at war during this time since it went from essentially being a city sitting on a bunch of hills to being invaded by gulls then they took over the entire Italian peninsula and they defeated Carthage over the course of the three punic worse than they conquered all of modern bakeries and finally they had three different slave revolts with the last one being the one with Spartacus said everyone who's about and. So obviously that much war and that much rapid expansion meant there is like unrest in the air and it opened the door to a lot of military leaders to make their mark in the world, which is where we're gonNA start our main story about the empire. Julius. Caesar was never an emperor of Rome and died under the Roman Republic and not the Roman Empire that you cannot start talking about the Roman Empire without first talking about my boy JC.
Video shows three-year-old flying in air caught on kite
"Well, this is quite the site of A. Flying Kite will not exactly you look at the video and it shows the exact opposite. It's kite flying a tyke and it's a little scary. You can hear the whipping of the wind on the cell phone video and the crowd of people reacting literally a gust of wind wrap the tail of a kite around a three year old girl then lifted the child five stories into the air not even kidding. You've got to see this it's on world. Watched this morning this happened near Taipei, a kite flying festival. The Little Girl is upright. The whole way feet dangling she's flailing or anything. It's as though she's walking on air someone whipped out a cell phone and recorded five full seconds of the flight. Well, then she plunges and several adults catcher and break the fall. She walks away with just a few minor cuts and a story to tell the rest of her
Healthcare Spotlight: Marie Colinet
"Maria stood out to me as a great example of a woman who succeeded despite the fact that society posed so many obstacles and in the process she thought outside. The box broke the mold and save lives. She came up with Sir really creative solutions this episode originally aired in September but just like lots of modern healthcare workers. Marie often doesn't get the credit. She deserves so she's perfect. Figure to highlight again in honor of the many people putting their lives on the line for us today during the Cova. Nineteen pandemic now. Here's host Jenny Kaplan to tell you all about Morocco high from Wonder Media Network. I'm Jenny Kaplan and this is encyclopedia. Romantika case you're just in welcome. Here's the deal every weekday for a year. We're taking five minutes to tell the stories of women from throughout history and around the world who you may not know about but definitely should each month is themed and this month as kids around the world or at least in the northern hemisphere head back to school. We're talking about stem inist at that. I mean women who did incredible things in the fields of science technology engineering or math. Today we're heading back to sixteenth century. Europe are seminar improved childbirth methods and was an incredibly talented surgeon. Let's talk about Marie Colonna. Marie was born in Geneva. Switzerland in fifteen sixty. Her father was a printer growing up. Marie wanted to become a midwife. She was interested in the field of medicine from an early age and sixteenth century woman. That was her only option for practicing medicine on July. Twenty fifth fifteen eighty seven. Maria married Wilhelm fabry. A brilliant surgeon often called the father German surgery. We'll homeless the top German surgeon of his and he taught me how to perform in the operating room. He said the student quickly outpaced master. Marie showed natural talent and surgery at a time when it was unthinkable for a woman to take part in session important masculine endeavor. The couple traveled and worked in Switzerland Holland and the Rhineland before settling in Bern during this period Marine Wilhelm had eight children though only one outlived their mother. Marie treated many patients on her own. And by her husband's side she regularly assisted her husband and performing minor surgeries. She pioneered the modern caesarian section which employed a new more medically sound method. Prior to Murray's work c-section techniques hadn't changed since the time of Julius Caesar. Marie also invented the practice of using heat for dilating and stimulating. The uterus childbirth that not only increased the ease of childbirth also lowered the risk of certain complications. It's important to note that childbirth is very dangerous proposition at the time. In addition to being an obstetrician Marie was well known for a new form of Treatment. In one particularly notable case in sixteen twenty four a patient had a piece of metal in his. I wilhelm had attempted to remove it and failed. Marie succeeded using a magnet ingenious noninvasive technique. That still practiced today. The will gave Marie full credit for her actions. He's often cited as the techniques inventor that unfortunately it happened to Maria. Walk on another case. Marie treated a man with two shattered rips by opening his chest and resetting the bones with wire she closed dressed the wound with herbal plasters. That effectively deterred infection. We'll Detailed the case in his medical writings and said Maria was the inventor of the treatment. Method still will often gets the credit. Marie went onto write two books before we'll home passed away after his death. Her whereabouts are relatively unknown. She died in sixteen forty. At the age of eighty Marie colonies insights forever. Change the science of delivering babies and her. Ill invalidated the view. That women didn't belong in
"julius caesar" Discussed on Today in True Crime
"The morning started slowly for Caesar. The march was an important religious holiday for the Romans. As well as the day to settle debts he had plenty to do yet. Couldn't even seem to get started instead. He had to endure. A deluge of ominous warnings and paranoid whispers. His doctors worried. He would soon have a dizzy spell and collapse. His friends claimed there was a conspiracy against him. Even his wife help. Hernia harangued him to stay at home claiming she'd had frightening dreams of his violent demise. Luckily he was saved by his friend. And Confidante Decima Brutus. Brutus wave away. Help complaints and the rumors of revolt as idle gossip. The Senators had invited Caesar to the theatre hoping to honor him with a gladiatorial if he turned them down over a strange dream. They'd be insulted. Brutus and Caesar then made the long walk Caesar's home to the theater of pompey constructed by his ally turned nemesis. Hoppy the great though Caesar had mixed feelings about the general he admired pompiers legacy. The theater was the first of its kind and featured a breathtaking manicured garden complete with hand. Sculpted water pieces. But Caesar didn't get much chance to admire the scenery that day instead brutus ushered him into the Curia. A small room near the entrance to the theater inside. Dozens of senators were waiting. He'd hardly sat down. When one lucious Tilles CIMBER approached him lucious begged Caesar to allow his exiled brother who blessed to come home to Rome. Caesar refused to consider the matter but lucious would not be easily dismissed. He pleaded with Caesar to let Pugliese. Return even clawing at Caesar's Toga and grasping his shoulders. As Lucius spoke the other senators started to crowd Caesar lending their support to lucious and babbling about their own pet projects. Finally a stunned and annoyed. Caesar cast lucious away proclaiming. Why this is violence. The moment was exactly what another Senator Casca was waiting for with. Caesar's is on Lucius. Casca drew a dagger from his Toga and rusted. At Caesar's neck landed only a shallow cut and in an instant. Caesar spun around and grabbed. Casco's arm ever the Kool military man. Caesar remained calm and held casca firmly at his mercy but CASCA had only been the first strike and it was impossible for Caesar to stop all his enemies as he started to question. Casca he felt a white hot pain explode across his back then. Another then another. He was stabbed twenty three times as he lay covered in blood. There's some dispute about his last words. Several sources claim. He didn't say anything one claims. He covered his face with his Togo when he saw his friend. Brutus had joined in the assassination another state. Caesar addressed Brutus you to child. It was this version adapted by Shakespeare. To et Tu Brute then Fall Caesar which has reigned supreme in the public consciousness since then but the fall of Caesar was only the first step in the conspirators quest to seize power a quest which would eventually lead to the total collapse of the Roman republic coming up. We discuss the aftermath of Julius Caesar's assassination and the imminent civil war high listeners. I'm excited to announce that CRIME JUNKIES FLOWERS. A new podcast original series. I think you'll really enjoy. It's called supernatural with Ashley. Flowers and you can find brand new episodes every Wednesday. We all know that most mysteries can be solved by looking at the facts but sometimes the facts don't lead to a logical explanation and the truth lies somewhere in the unknown in supernatural with Ashley. Flowers Ashley takes a deep dive into the strange and surreal to explain some of the world's most bizarre true crime occurrences each week. She'll dig into a different crime or mystery where the most fitting theory isn't always the most conventional from exorcisms to unsolved murders to alien abductions. Ashley will take on. The tails challenged the unexplained and dissect the facts with a heavy helping of skepticism and rationale. So are you ready to get to the bottom of history's most peculiar events? Follow supernatural with Ashley. Flowers free on spotify. Or wherever you get your podcasts. Now back to the story on March Fifteenth Forty four BC. Roman leader. Julius Caesar was stabbed in the back by his political enemies immediately following his death the conspirators ran throughout Rome proclaiming that the dictator was dead and that the city was free. The reaction was not exactly what they expected. Though Caesar had been a dictator he was immensely popular among the lower classes of the city. He also had support from a vast portion of his veteran forces. The all rallied behind mark. Antony an ally of Caesar who had tried to stop the assassination. Antony said about consolidating his position as the remaining conspirators slipped out of Rome and built armies of their own but Antony's progress was slowed when he learned Cesar had left the bulk of his fortune to his eighteen year. Old Grand Nephew and adopted son Octavius after struggling amongst themselves octavius. Antony eventually formed an alliance together. They set out to face the armies of the so called liberators who supported the assassination of Caesar. The liberators were led by. Brutus and Cassius two of the men who had killed Caesar in forty two BC. Antony and Octavius set sail and attacked the army of the liberators near the Grecian city of Philip Pie. Both armies were of similar size. But Antony and octavius forces were better rested into battles the Roman forces vanquished the liberators. Thousands of soldiers were killed and both Cassius and brutus died by suicide to prevent their capture with that. The civil war ended but the struggle for power continued as the Roman empire was divided between octavius. Mark Antony and Lapidus who had been Caesar's master of Horse in the ensuing years octavius strengthened his position in the western regions of the empire. While Antony did the same in the east intermittent conflict erupted between the two over the years but things did not truly come to a head again until thirty three. Bc that year civil war looked imminent once more. Antony allied with Cleopatra in Egypt. Named Caesar and Cleopatra's son the true heir of Caesar Octavius couldn't stand to have his status as Caesar's heir threatened in thirty two B. C. E. He rallied the Senate to his side and declared war against Cleopatra and Antony the resulting conflict ended in Antony's final defeat in thirty BC. He died in Cleopatra's arms with almost all of octavius. As enemies gone he was left to acquire supreme power for himself. He eventually took on the name. Caesar Augustus and ushered in an era known as the principal. The principal mark the beginning of a time where Rome was ruled by a single emperor formally ending the Roman Republic. Though Augusta says later rule would usher in the POX Romana A- period of peace his efforts to concentrate political power likely contributed to the eventual fall of the empire heralded as a power mad dictator by his assassins. Julius Caesar would have likely founded amusing that these same assassins ensured the death of the Republic in life and in death. Caesar played a pivotal role in the trajectory of the empire and his murder became the quintessential symbol of betrayal at the hands of one's friends a backstabbing a symbol. That will continue to persist for Millennia..
"julius caesar" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Result all the same and yet you still had the assassins killed well yes murder is murder a crime no matter the victim surely you I would agree. You are ruthless man Cesar. There's no other way for Caesar to be. You are welcome to stay in the palace if you choose to stay in Egypt for a while. Thank you I look forward to delving into many more of Egypt spudis and treasurers and thus began a legendary a romance between Julius Caesar and Queen Cleopatra When Cleopatra and her brother went to war against each other it was her alliance with Caesar. That turned the tide title battle. Caesar's armies quickly installed Cleopatra as the Sole Pharaoh of Egypt Cleopatra and Caesar never married or really made the relationship public although it was the worst kept secret and all of Rome. Cleopatra was a constant visitor of Caesar's villa. It wasn't hard to connect the dots. The two of them did likely have a son together and end up until Caesar's death they were in love. No one in Rome. Ever took Caesar to task for having a romance with Cleopatra while he was still married in Rome it wasn't considered sittard adultery. If the relationship was with a person of a foreign land another reason for Caesar getting away with it was that now he was a completely beloved leader of the Roman People Camman he had to have some enemies obviously but instead of conscripting them like Sola had done in his youth. Caesar pardoned them all. He kept all his enemies alive. Live how is that a good idea. Well after he took out the last of pompey's supporters around the outskirts of the Roman Empire. Caesar returned to Rome in initially made peace with everyone. He could with him not killing anyone else. Everyone was comfortable with Caesar's rule no one really opposed him and he was made dictator with pretty much. No no issues. Well not everyone was comfortable with Caesar. There were some that found the celebration of Caesar's return in very poor taste as it was Romans. He defeated not foreign born invaders in any case. Caesar kept his dictatorship this time around and began to enact sweeping changes. Caesar never allowed the images of his youth to escape him and he realized that since the days of Marius and Solas war that the Roman republic had been in a state of constant anarchy and that the power struggle between the consoles the Senate and the triumphs would only serve to contribute to the fall of Rome so he established a new constitution in hopes of restoring the government into a strong unit Senate and in hopes of uniting all of Rome's various territories into a single cohesive empire. Caesar went to work passing nonstop legislation that he felt helped worked towards his new goal. He took a new census. In order to lessen the tax and green burden placed upon the people he restructured debt and rewarded families. Who bore many children hoping to quickly repopulate Rome? After so many wars his longest lasting legacy was the restructuring of the calendar. He took inspiration from the adoption. Calendar which was based upon the sun and added three months to account for difference and season the Julian calender made its debut on January first forty five BC e and it basically is the calendar. We still use today on the most important decision at the time. And the one that directly led to Caesar's downfall was the changes he made made to the Senate from here on out. I and I alone will make all decisions. That will have an impact on our great empire. You are all Welcome to come in and debate the matter as you wish but all laws all matters of state will come by my hand. This this is betrayal. This goes against all that room stands for. This is for everything that Rome stands for. This is a rebirth of this great city. This great empire after years of you fools wasting our time and money and arguments and civil war. It is time time someone rose to the occasion to return Rome to its original splendor and that person is Julius. Caesar Yeah Yeah. Remember those people that weren't too happy with the celebration of Caesar's return it was mostly the Senate and the Senate saw the republic crumbling before their eyes and they knew they had to act and act fast. So as you probably remember from reading your Shakespeare in high school many of the senators including Caesar's trusted general brutus conspired it to murder Caesar and restore the Senate's power. Once you may not know is that Shakespeare wasn't creating fiction when he wrote about the soothsayer warning. Caesar of the ides heads of March. Beware the ides of March. In fact Caesar allegedly had plenty of warning before his assassination. According to legend a bird flew into into the hall of Pompeii just days before the murder took place and tore a Laurel branch to pieces as if POMPEII had come back to devise the death of his enemy and a friend friend had said that one of his horses wandered off and began to cry signifying. A great death was about to occur and even a few months before a tomb in the Roman colony of Capela Capela was opened and allegedly one of the vases inside was inscribed with a warning that Italy would pay great price if the tomb was ever disturbed it basically the entire universe was trying to warn Caesar of this great tragedy some Roman historians questioned. Why Caesar didn't take more heed? These warnings some some theorize that Caesar knew he was growing ill and did not care if he died soon or that he knew that his death would only further his 'cause we're all others theorized that Caesar was was buying into his own hype and that he was a god who couldn't be touched on March fifteenth forty four BC. One of the most notable and famous deaths in all of history occurred but fate tried to intervene one more time. Marc Anthony. Why what's the rush rush? Have no time for your games drew bonus and must make it to the Senate floor before but Anthony. They've already in the middle of their meeting interrupt. Them would not be wise. You don't understand. They're they're going to. Oh no not on this to Trapani. It's too late Anthony by now. Dita's it's done. It is for the best of this public. There's nothing you can do you monsters. You fail to realize what you're doing you are starting let me through. Now it's useless. There is nothing you can do to save him. Don't make yourself an enemy. You not an enemy for killing an innocent man in cold blood. Let me go. Let me go. Hello Mark Antony would fail to reach Caesar and time ignorant of what was to come. Caesar's stepped into the Senate chambers and never again stepped out you to my child. Julius Caesar was dead at the age of fifty five but as much as the Senate tried couldn't quiet the legacy of Caesar their air conspiracy would fail the Roman people who had taken a liking to Caesar would revolt against the Senate mark. Antony would lead Caesar's loyal soldiers into war against against the last vestiges of the republic. The Roman Empire had begun. Caesar's adoptive son Gas Octavius. Augustus would eventually become Rome's I emperor Julius Caesar looked his whole life to leave a legacy and to bring greatness to the Caesar name and I would say he was pretty successful at it. It's hard to put into words. Exactly what Caesar's legacy is it expands far beyond what we can ever imagine. He began the Roman Empire helping to spread Rome's influence influence and intellect around the globe. He is the iconic image of the dictator one of the earliest examples of the cult of personality and inspired people such as Napoleon and Mussalini to practice their own form of caesarian rule. But the fact that Julius Caesar is one of history's most famous names and that we are. We're still talking about him here and now says much about Julius legacy than anything else could he wanted to be remembered and he truly.
"julius caesar" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Took a great interest in Caesar most likely as a favor Tamari us and took him under his wing during his time in power sin is noted as a man who easily made a tyranny looked like democracy wonder if that will come back up and Caesar's lifetime Senate Zinta thought so highly of the young Julius Caesar that he allowed him to marry his daughter. wait what happened to Cassia well as the Fleming dials Caesar was required required to marry into the upper class and although Cassia was wealthy she was still a member of what was essentially the middle class at the time. Also the law required Caesar to break off off his relationship with his bride. Indeed Cassuto was left in the dust and Caesar was married to Cornelia the daughter of CINNA. So Caesar's plan to get power through. Marriage still was successful just not in the way he expected. Cornelia and Cesar had a single child together. Julia and Caesar seemed happy. It seems Ed kept his promise to make a better life than his father but then came the sulay problem of course word reached Sela of all the machinations happening in Rome. He Still Jill how to defeat mithra dates but in the back of his mind he was always thinking of his return to Rome. After claiming Roman Victory Solo rushed through two days of peace negotiations nations and didn't even contact the Senate about terms highly irregular but Sola was determined to save Rome Sela and Senna's armies engaged in a bloody battle but the sheer power of the Solas army alongside sin is death at the hands of a mutiny. Meant Solo was again victorious. Sola appointed himself indefinite dictator in immediately went to work dismantling the regime. Marius had begun. Sola and his men destroyed statues dug up Marris's corpse and threw it into into the river and took away the power of Marris's allies which included Caesar's position as the Flam dials sees. You understand stand that I can strip you of your inheritance your wife's inheritance and you'll position as the high priest of Jupiter. I would guess I don't. We'll have much of a choice in the matter. You are a smart boy. You will lose all this but you can choose to save your own life. Oh you would be so kind of course you would think me to be a savage. Your Life can be spared if you choose to divorce Cornelia Anelia know what you can take away my power my money my pride my life but you cannot take away that which is personal final to me. Do you not understand the position. You are in boy. Oh I understand. I understand that you're scared of the power that I may yet hold. I hold holds all the power here. That's what you think. This is an act of treason against the dictator of Rome. Know that your life has ended. Caesar and it is by your own hand. Caesar's defiance of Sola was shocking to the new regime. And the first sign of Caesar's Brash side Sela officially really put out a prescription for Caesar not long afterwards proscription was basically a means of the state approving the murder of person but one had defined the approved victim victim. I and no one could find the condemned. Julius Caesar meanwhile the Family and Friends of Caesar who mostly and conveniently were Sala supporters pleaded pleaded with Sela to keep the young Caesar alive even the vestal virgins declared that it would be a mistake in the eyes of the gods to murder him now. That's a big endorsement on your resume. Eventually Solo was calmed down and he canceled the proscription on Julius. Caesar have your own way in. Take him only bear in. Mind that the man you are so eager to save will one day deal the death blow to the cause of the aristocracy which you have joined with me in upholding for in this. Caesar there exists many Mary. Is's Caesar could now breathe a sigh of relief. He was safe from now. Caesar didn't exactly see Sela as a trustworthy guy he still was on the warpath of taking down Maurice's previous allies. There was nothing to indicate that Sola wouldn't reverse his pardon on Caesar if he sneezed the wrong way so Caesar and his wife ran from Rome while they were safe from officially being murdered they headed toward the eastern turn provinces where he still had many associates who remembered his father. Well he also decided to join the army. which would be the beginning of his lifelong passion and that is true? Rise to power a passion that would have been impossible to find a couple of months beforehand because he was too young no because he was the flom in Dallas. The high I priest of Jupiter was not allowed to look at the army or spend more than a few nights outside the city. Heke wasn't even allowed to touch a horse. Seems a little extreme here telling me but if Marius followers had kept in power or even if Sela had not stripped Caesar of his position he could have never even looked to the army as an option. Literally the entire hire. History of our world would be different. If Caesar was never allowed to touch a horse the world would be different simply of Caesar had done anything other than BS accessible soldier and he was a very successful soldier when he was known for his bravery in battle and was one of the youngest ever recipients of the Civic Crown in award given in for saving the civilian in battle. Caesar grew such a reputation among his comrades that he was often entrusted by the generals to take on the most important and significant tasks asks as an example. He was entrusted to travel to Thenia to chat with its King King Nicomedes in hopes of making an ally of his naval fleet. A new soldier a former enemy of Rome now is being sent on his lonesome to make a deal with a king. Let that sink in and Caesar spent a long time the thenia such a long time in fact that it was constantly questioned what he was doing over there. It's likely that Caesar was building his own personal relationship with the king with an eye on his future political aspirations if he had a personal relationship with the country than it wouldn't be too hard to form a partnership if Caesar happened to find himself in a position the power but the rumor that spread around Rome was that Caesar engaged in a sexual relationship with the king. This rumor followed Caesar around for his entire life. Even the soldiers he commanded with just about the legend. Caesar vehemently denied the rumor. But really we'll never know what happened with India Caesar fought with the military until seventy seventy eight BC e when he received word that Selo was dead. Caesar picked up his family and finally returned home a home that always had a special place in his heart. SCISSOR however was back at square one now or really at square zero as he was much worse off societally now than he was when he left and the loss of his inheritance many had no money and his military success meant very little to the general public. Plus with the optimists that supported Sela still in charge of Rome. Caesar wasn't going to take any chances in getting back what he lost and even when he was made aware of the new Anti Sola Group forming he found the group so lacking in leadership and corrupt that he chose not to participate even though it would have raised him back to prominence instead he found a nice house in Sabira living among the lower classes of Rome and turn to to a life of legal advocacy. Something he turned out to be rather good at ladies and gentlemen my fellow Romans. We are here today today not to discuss the past lives of Cornelius. Stola Bella it seems that too many he lived a great past life. Even I can see see that. No we are here to talk about the corruption the extortion the lies and the cheating he lived through in his most recent life as Triumph by the end of this trial. You'll wish for his blood to run through these streets. You'll wish that those past lives lives could have never even existed. You'll whis room. Seems a little harsh. No Oh come now quintas. which or two would you rank above him? Who can rile a crowd more? Get the more engaged than Caesar. Caesar really came into his own. During this period his powerful word choices his in combination with his wild hand gestures and distinctive slightly. High pitched voice made him one of Rome's most noted speakers but even as Caesar gained fame. Mm for taking down Rome's most corrupt leaders. He felt that he still had much room to improve so he once again picked up his things and left Rome this time heading to roads to study under the greatest Greek orders unfortunately along the way he was kidnapped by soliciting pirates. How would Caesar handle handle that? And we'll see after a quick word about our sponsors.
"julius caesar" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Voice actors will dramatize their incredible lives reimagining their greatest and weakest moments. Then we'll examine Zaman. They're controversial deaths. Some deaths came too soon. Some remains shrouded in mystery and some changed the world forever ever today. We're covering Guayas. Julius Caesar a Military General Caesar rose to power as part of the Roman triumvirate for it but then took power as a dictator in the first century. B C but this great power led to his infamous death breath now back to the life of Julius Caesar Guys Julius Caesar Man. Where do you even start with him? You almost WANNA start right with his death. It is among the most famous deaths in history and all that but if we started with the death then we'd miss out on on one of history's greatest stories the story of a general who altered the course of an entire empire and really an entire world. Well why don't we start from day. One sounds like a good idea to me guys. Julius Caesar was born on July twelfth one hundred B C in the city of Rome he was a member number of genes. Julia whom according to Roman Legend were descendants of aeneas the star of virgils and need and the ancestor of Romulus and Remus the ancient founders of room and of course in these legends aeneas is the son of the Roman goddess Venus. So Caesar was descended from the Gods. Technically Lee yes well. His family must have been pretty well off considering they were direct descendants of one of the first Romans not exactly while Caesar's father also named that guy is Julius. Caesar held minor governorship in Rome's Asian province. Modern Day Turkey. The family was on the lower end of the political and financial totem pole. The governorship most likely came from the guy says sister Julia marrying guys. Maria's a very prominent and important figure in Rome at the time guys seemed to be at the top of the baby. Names list back in the one. Hundred's as was Caesar in the JEN's Julia according to Roman history. Plenty of the elder Plinio Flinty the elder yes plenty. The elder ancient Rome had the best name they did. Well according to plenty the elder the name Caesar came from one of the ancestors esters of the family being born of Syrian section which originally came from the Roman Word Kite era to cut Caesar Caesarian section makes a Lotta got a sense of the later biography of Rome. His Story Agusta would dispute this. It asserts that the name Caesar comes either from the Latin word for thick hair for gray is or for killing an elephant. That's a very specific image. But knowing Caesar and knowing that he would later have coins printed that featured elephants. I'm Kinda inclined to believe that last one. While Caesar was home-schooled taught by his mother a real Yukata and by a man named Marcus Antonius knife. Oh who would go on to tutor. Many Rome's greatest orators and politicians like many ancient Roman and Greek legends. There's not much recorded about his formative years and it's not like today where parents like to document. I meant every single moment of childhood all of the biographies on Caesar Begin at his teenage years. Though it's possible. These biographies originally had paragraphs about his younger days. If they did they are now. Sadly lost to history in his teenage years are in fact. Very good place to start with Caesar's journey to the top of Rome a journey that would let's start with tragedy when Caesar was sixteen. Come on father. We've gotTA GO in other father. Father Father what's wrong. It seems soon as if it is time to take my journey to the river. Styx you hold the power in this family. Now you are the one who has defined power be good son. I'll be better. I must be better. The death of guy was devastating. To the JEN's Julia I would imagine in any time in history. Losing a loved. Point is an easy. Well yes but I was also talking. About the loss of the family's political power gas was grooming the young Caesar to succeed him in his political life hoping hoping to continually increase the family's power and to restore the great Julia named to its mythological origins. GEIS's early death. I assume meant that Caesar Caesar was too young to take over his father's political career. That's correct Caesar's entire life up to that point was heading towards that destiny and now in an instant it had been swept away and consider that now at the age of sixteen. Caesar was the head of the family the burdens of his family's life and welfare now rested on his shoulders. Caesar didn't back down from these challenges. He turned this into a positive of sorts to make him and his family better than his father could have ever imagined. It began to plan a new path towards a better life. His initial plan was to Mary into a wealthy family. He was soon engaged to a wealthy woman named Katsushika Sushila whom he had been promised to since his birth. Caesar generally would have had to wait a couple years before actually getting married to his lifelong bride but with his father's death breath. Caesar pushed the engagement head quite a bit while. Caesar was trying to settle his future. A civil war loomed in Rome. Much of Caesar's just childhood was surrounded by the social wars a war between Rome and the other cities of Italy over the rights of Roman citizenship. You're telling me the social wars has nothing onto twitter. Unfortunately no although Rome would end up winning this war it was only the beginning of the republic's troubles the social wars featured. The rise is a number of military stars but none were more significant than Lucius. Cornelius Sela and Gayus Marius Guys Marias as in Caesar's Uncle by oh I'm marriage one and the same sylla was actually Marius his protege during the war. But they're opposing. Political ambitions would soon lead to them breaking apart Sola uh-huh and Maria were members of separate political factions and the social war strain on Rome brought a great tension between the parties to the surface. Selo was an optimist and believed in the authority of the Senate and the power of the upper classes whereas Marius was populaires who pushed for more input from the popular assemblies and tribunals Dell's age-old battle really in the aftermath of the Social Wars Sela and Marius both sought to lead the armies to war against another enemy mithra dates rates of Pontus who was warring over Rome's eastern territories and the Senate initially voted for Sola to take the army's to war however when Sella left the city a tribunal voted against the measure and transferred the power of the army tomorrow and. When Sola got word of this he wasn't happy he marched back to Rome home preparing to take on anyone in his way? We have to get out of here. Why haven't you heard Sylla's marching on Rome? What sella's marching on Rome with Rome's own army and with your relationship with guys Marias? We need to get you to safe place quickly my place just outside the city we can hide you there. I must get my wife Hurry. We don't have much time. Caesar could only watch. WATCH AS Roma's own men for the first time in its history siege the city it was an image that would remain with him for the rest of his life Sola. It was successful in taking back his command he exiled Marius and probably left Rome. With all of its soldiers to fight Mithra dates but as someone who was making his way to the Eastern Provinces Marias formed a ragtag army and staged their own invasion of Rome. Marius alongside his ally Lucius Cornelius. Cigna Anna Purge Rome of many of Solis followers and declared Sola an enemy of the State Lucius Cornelius Sela and Lucius Cornelius cinna on opposite ends ends of the war. Men Names agent role must have been very confusing. Yes they seem to be. In any case Sola was now an enemy of Rome and because Ozzy was so far off even when word reached him he could not immediately return. It was a good idea in theory. At least take back power and either hope that Sela dies in battle or that you can build your following enough to take down well your own army. Marias died early in the next year leaving center in charge of the new political movement. But Marius left one gift for his family specifically for the Young Julius Caesar Out East and Caesar's young age meant inheriting his is father's old governorship was out of the question but Marias and his followers were able to procure the position of Fleming dials. For Caesar Instead Caesar was now L. The high priest of the leader of the Gods Jupiter. That seems like it's a pretty important position. It definitely was not as powerful as governorship. It was says respected. Jen's Julia was making its way back to the top Senate.
Your Favorite Historical Figures
"On one side and make little circles with your brush around each tooth three to Kennedy sent us our first historical figure. It's a Lisa Alonzo. alesia Alonzo is a ballerina from Cuba and her beautiful dancing made her famous around. The world. alesia is Kennedy's favorite. Because even after she became partially blind that she had trouble seeing continued to dance and perform as a Ballerina onstage in stage Switzer brushing to the other side of the top of your mouth but don't brush too hard. Our next storm figure comes from Halley. And it's the Queen of the Nile Cleopatra. Cleopatra Cleopatra was the leader of Ancient Egyptians and became queen when she was only eighteen years old Cleopatra spoke several languages led Egypt's armies. He's a man with leaders from land's like Julius Caesar back then. It wasn't so common for a woman to do all these things. That's why how he likes Cleopatra she was a fierce. The male leader switch. You're brushing to the bottom of your mouth in brushed the inside the the outside and the chewing side of each tooth our next Oracle figure is baseball player. Jackie Robinson Andrew Loves Jackie Robinson because he was the first african-american to play in. Baseball's major leagues. Jackie Robinson is such chin important person in baseball at the major league. Honored Him by saying no other baseball player can wear a uniform with the number forty two on. That's the number. The Jackie War swim rushing to the other side of the bottom of your mouth. Don't forget your front teeth. Are last historical. Figure comes from Lindsey. And it's the famous trumpet player. Louis Armstrong
What Dead Historical Women Can Teach Us About Dating and Sex
"For a long time i rode a sex dating column for the the new york post and i really appreciate that time in my life but since then i started writing about history and politics and every so often often someone comes to me and says would you ever consider writing a dating advice book and i always say the only way i would ever do that is if all of the advice is came from dead historical women and most of it was bad do you say as a joke yes always and then i said it to this one very nice editor on the phone who said well i'd love for you to do that can you can you get it in by june and i said yes and it was the easiest book sale i've ever made shots jets incredible i was gonna say did you sort of like say on to channel these women and because it's all of the advice sound so much in their voice it's just it's so good i'm i've always wished that somehow that would happen to me robert graves deflected criticism of his i claudius novels by telling a reporter that the entire manuscript had been dictated to him by emperor claudius himself in a dream so we don't want to start with that's a real humble brag it's a real humble brag of london emperor came to me and just story so no critiques please no none of none of these women came to munich dream cream i do read a lot of different books about them and took the cool historical tidbits that i found those books that i thought could be transcribed into good good advice for women right now what i really loved how in the insure you talk about how there's always some idiot on twitter that's like oh i wish women were women the way they used to be back in the day and like this book just kind of disproves that whole line of thought that is based on many real only no i'm i i have a twitter account i am yeah i'm familiar with dot com yeah and this totally disproves that way of thinking because women's since the beginning of time have kind and not been that ideal idea woman i think the more things change the more they stay the same and a lot of women in this book are doing things thanks i think we'd be considered very audacious by modern standards i'm kind of fascinated by grace kelly's end of a first date move where she would go into my i room of this and come up with no clothes and that's the way a lot of nudity so nudity in the book i'm also that's something that i really don't associate with grace as kelly in any of her alfred hitchcock movies now i love that and so you use that tibet to have her advice be make your feelings no yes she's real clear a lot of not scared to tell someone how they feel and then a yeah and then you write about how she'd be like go make some coffee and then go into the bathroom and come out naked i was like oh that is insane that that is actually what she did and i love that it's memorable also really feel like a man in the nineteen fifties and sixties when she was doing this probably just think they were making can coffee so let's talk about some more of the advice in the book patra that is the advice for making the first move what can we learn from her on making the first move cleopatra made i moves of really big and she really began her relationships with this very showy entrance entrance a lot of the mist and the stories about cleopatra hinge upon the idea that she was this ravishing beauty and she was us an attractive lady and they're all different ways of being beautiful but by any standards she wasn't especially good looking she was just really audacious basis and she really went for it and when she first met julius caesar she header self smuggled to him inside a federal that was dropped off at his feet feet and then lays blade before whose feet talking about how they could afford to an alliance which is not a thing that you might be able to recreate oh yeah like not necessarily you didn't like UPS to your lover a little desperate if we'd be really audacious lake uh-huh and then when she met mark anthony she had herself taken to him on a golden barge where she designed it to look like she was a goddess and she appeared to him if she was a golden goddess so cleopatra really thought about how she was going to plan her first move oof and i think it an age where a lot of us are very timid and wanna seem cool and have a call me maybe attitude approaching people cleopatra went for it like she went one hundred percent i honestly can kind of relate this particularly i'm on the part on the barge where she's the gold god it kinda can because so nicknamed gone on a first date and then i invited him to my holiday party and my holiday party i was like the star of the show like i i was going around with platters appetizers and like jello shots because this was like whatever like two thousand nine not the shots wherever cool but as i'm going around with platters never like laura oh my god like laura laura and i'm like the star of the show and i kinda take her advice to mean you know just be like the starve make yourself an unmistakable store yes staple star like have the attention be around you and it was like all my friends and it was like my house you know like i was the star of my holiday party and walked around like own my own the place grid right and i want to form an alliance that woman yeah i think that's actually a great way to translate that into modern day advice i feel like throwing party and inviting boys who have a crush on was also so big move i was single gal it usually worked really well unless the person didn't come in which case it felt like you were throwing that party for nine uh all these people are in my house i've got so many shots yeah i've been to your parties and you do throw a very good thank you i'm so you also have a section on slut shaming can you choose to feature josephine baker and that little micro in every possible way hero of the civil rights movement hero of the lost generation yet josephine baker is just the best and if you don't know her by name you definitely know her by image she's the one that has the banana skirt so oh you're right i'm writing in her voice say i'm writing as someone who danced topless and a banana skirt so why her for the slut shaming section i feel like josephine josephine baker is someone who had to go up against a lot of repressive rules of the time and i mean to head to leave america because she couldn't really prosper in america's a black woman and she was someone who i wouldn't say that she had no regard for those rules but she he was able to think about societal rules that served her and once it didn't and follow her own contents and her own desires and mm-hmm she strongly felt and i think many modern day women should strongly feel that her sexuality and her physical desires were nothing to be ashamed of she had a very large sexual appetite she loved having sex with people she had multiple marriages adopted a ton of children those desires did not impede her life in any way indeed the fact that she was comfortable in her body and comfortable with her sexuality is how she she became a great star and it was also because she chose to change her circumstances right by going to harris yeah we actually just did an episode on on if you should move if you you should mirror for data and just for a change of scenery if you're like in a funk also tried to come back to america and change everybody else's circumstances stances andrea four really hard for that i mean you can't obviously say that any one person was responsible for civil rights victories but she had a really huge detained in that
An Introduction to the Industrial Revolution
"We're going to look at the consequences of this revolution first and then you'll see how important it is to understand first of all. Here's a definition of the industrial revolution. It's the use of steam engines to produce power instead of the ways going back thousands of years wind water and muscle and the second definition of the industrial revolution is it's the rapid social change that flows from that introductory machine in other words. The steam engine is quite literal definition of the industrial revolution but what were the consequences consequences of using the steam engine instead of wind water and muscle rapid social change was the answer the industrial revolution's chief product product was a world in constant change mainly in the areas of transportation and communications think about it this way at the beginning of the nineteenth century that is the eighteen hundreds the army of Napoleon did not move faster really then the armies of Julius Caesar Two thousand years earlier so in terms of transportation you couldn't get from Point A. Point B. Any faster Mr in one thousand nine hundred then you could in say five hundred. BC however by the end of the eighteen hundreds it was possible to go around the world in eighty days which was of course the title of Jules Verne's famous novel and you could send Semaphore. I four messages in a flash from one continent to another so that gives you a sense of the rapid changes in technology to just use one example news in eighteen hundred was very slow and very selective. It was only available to the rich in order to buy a newspaper. You had to have enough money to buy a newspaper which was certainly not cheap and news production production was quite slow and in fact the the whole concept of news did not exist until the industrial revolution brought it into existence in order to have news. You have to have change in society but if people were living in eighteen hundred you're pretty much the way they lived in say five hundred they would not be expecting to read much in a newspaper. Even if they could afford one they couldn't afford one but they didn't even have the concept of news. News requires a society that changes and the society never really changed changed not for the common people that's why when we study history we tend to study kings and generals and statesmen and what they do because at the level of the common people there's not much historical change to talk about so there was no concept of news news but by the eighteen thirty s and eighteen forties thanks to the industrial revolution which started in England news production began to increase and also thanks to the Industrial Revolution Printing presses were produced which were so advanced that they could produce a newspaper for only a penny and for example in eighteen thirty two. You have the first Penny newspaper The New York Sun in the United States of America now that was going to revolutionize politics because for the first time relatively poor people could afford to buy a newspaper for only a penny and once they could read the news once they purchase it. They could read it and once they could read it. They knew what was going on and then it became a factor in politics. newspaper editors would have to pay attention to the opinions of the poor whereas before the poor never had an opinion because they could not know what was going on and in the nineteenth century in Europe and America newspaper Editors Editors Editors were the political kingmakers who could select candidates and mobilize people to support them so the industrial revolution created the technology that gave people a reason to look for news and the means to look for the news because of the relatively cheap cost of the printing press and the ability to turn out a newspaper for just a penny any so this is one way in which the industrial revolution was going to revolutionize society in the next podcast. We're going to be looking at the first country to experience an industrial revolution.
"julius caesar" Discussed on Queer as Fact
"Goals sees dress a deliberate attempt to set off his opponents men like Cato mentioned in presenting himself all position to the image. The traditionally masculine conservative Roman as my pain connecting to his popular support obeys, which would logically have been made up of people from the provinces, including people from these eastern provinces like Grayson so forth where some of these fashions did come from. And in that way, actually, strengthening his image and his power base in. This is like not about the quest of open say's the idea like as a healing like the new immigrant population is just quite Lanta by conception of sei's. I guess pool crystals. Yeah. Exactly. About the new safety made so many people just like so many people. So I those comments about his general more feminine presentation and his potential edge with the eighties. The two main things that have led people to suggest sees maybe quit in someway tonight. I'm gonna end up with the question. Do you think he was quail? I have some things to say here in the I feel it's worth nursing the east sort of started this episode by saying yellow over amendments late with men that's not what's going to make Julius a queer not sleeping with a man in the active role is totally the norm. Same with a man in the passive role is not. So you could argue the taking the passive role is quia perhaps. Yeah. But taking the active role is not on. And then you also like we do end up in this weird spice where we don't really have the soil since to clarify. But also you. You have to stop deciding even fuming Julius Caesar was more famine of the normal what level of life Genta divergencies, that's true knife. In can relate off the question. You know was Julius as a feminist enough to be Queen Bente win. I feel I really the either the information all the kind of desire. About drinking. And I think that's something you can answer from site looking at how long this lease and someone's tunica. Going through his head. And because of his own writing being so impersonal on about his military conquests. And why he felt he was Ryan civil war really know what was going through his head run. He put on his chicken morning. I think the iron gold where these argument that it was a political decision to kind of set himself pot and also pretty solid one given that we never example how Kato dressed himself and tied that his conservative political identity. Address. I think once you get into this. Ancient history isn't so much useful to say was on. So queer insists of relevance to us regarding sexual and gender ounce of that is yes, yes. Yes. Way to define faith was with will out. I wanna sleep out at very enlightening just in terms of my image of sei's was that very like sort of masculine military. You know, you started before. And I don't know if it's all the type or not you start before talking about this potty, you are at with some guy we'll up she was like, I love the rooms of the British apply up, and that's very about like wissies officiant in my head. And so it's being lightning in terms of just kind of DeVos insane. The from this like sort of modern, hyper masculinity, and it was not, hyper masculine. He didn't embody some aspects of Roman masculinity. There are many stories about him being very brave in warming. Very successful. Camman? He didn't eat to a drink in excess. He was very fruitful in that way. And all these masculine Roman trains on the other hand he dressed quite a family Suetonius mentions that he talked all behalf from his body. Yes. He didn't say he looked data case. Pretty mailing to tweezers to you'll scrotum. Here is now what's general position grids, buddy half and gender sexual very big question. Basically a one man was expected to be neat. And his presentation, you know, you didn't want necessarily a huge amount of money. Heather that could be incident quite masculine. It. Could also be bit on civilized bought. You didn't pluck all your hair? So it was a balance did women shave a Hitler women did say, I believe I k and some men definitely didn't shave bought. It wasn't considered the manly thing to do. Pot of my mind. Just kind of went to you know, how often light miles cyclists will shy billings because they feel that it makes the most straight line in the center. Mark foster. Shower fast..
"julius caesar" Discussed on Queer as Fact
"You would call us managing Ryan gay. Yes, they impression you have given me. Yeah. As I said there is on November. I'm aware of an ancient man who explicitly exclusively for women. So they can they're all day. Yeah. No, I think there are some who don't sleep with anyone. Oh, well, they can be on the puck to why. I don't know go on. I feel like I've read that somewhere. I'll have to deal with them. So what was between citizen Nicomedes? I would say we can never actually no son. Fortunately Coleman as the final word. Yeah. So neither Suetonius Cassius DIO who are this reporter as addictive fact, they both reported as these rumors that were spread Pluto mentions. He's going to think of it doesn't mention Nicomedes at all doesn't mention any suggest number relationship. And I've I mentioned please gives little time to see those level life in general modern scholars pretty much old considering political Bruma that can't be proven that seems fair. Yeah. Like, I know that I'm very biased won't everything to be as as possible. But unfortunately, that doesn't seem fair the might not given for why might be true is what has been called the nurse, Mike without file. So it is political enemies could've tried to mount any number of character attacks against Caesar, for example, Cohen's a drunkard was common political attack. But so China's quite Kato going so far as to say sees the was the only man to overthrow the Republic soil. I liked the impression that PayPal public like all the time. Well, in the us before seasons, civil war that had quite recently been a civil war in which another man Soula had also made himself dictatorship Rome soloist definitely accused of doing and drunk. So let's very interesting via did have a significant law. That's right. We don't on. I'll be hosting Ballantyne. Cena's political enemies could've tried to attack him on any number of false grounds. If they wanted to, but they almost universally decided to attack him before his wish to Camis, it says fan line with this argument that people who argue that sees it did have a relationship with Nick ameinias. Choose to argue this basically there are so many rumors that there must have been some truth to it. I mean, you have the truth to it could just be he was in the Theophilus an extra week. And also, I think that the no smoke without fire argument is a pad one to bring to ancient worm. Ancient ribbons losses. Like insane. That list all kinds of stuff that is definitely Fulson ever knows that pulse or from me to sedonia snow. That's true. That's true end. They are very petty and very into personal attacks on the political enemies. Like there is one paragraph in I think said Honey is where it says the near had sex with married room and women free Molin Reverend boys Vestal virgins. He's mother. Then it gets all to stuff. That was true. The we'll talk about because it's gay but like no smoke without fire..
"julius caesar" Discussed on Queer as Fact
"I'll osgood. Who doesn't believe that Caesar Nicomedes relationship speculates that it was all about who invented this Rimma, say's was married quite young to a woman that he seemed genuinely quite devoted to he had a very successful. Career and Osgood suggests that this was kind of the one thing. Alabel could find to build something out of to attack him on? He points out that in reality season may have had very viable reasons. Full lingering in Bavaria for one thing. He was only twenty probably haven't traveled that much before probably the slow. It was quite exciting to see the world. And for now that he could have been cultivating any committees and other positions as political allies. He did continue to advocate for me communities in Ryan laze in life and also from the committee's Dawson. And olive Athenians also recognized sees as the patron thought. Nonetheless, the minimum is fully Tim full the rest of his design solve this. When he was celebrating his conquest of goal. Two hundred ten with the chance. Save concord goal, but Nicomedes Konkan sees tank. Okay. So it was traditional when generals was celebrating a triumph for soldiers. Drunkenly insult them. That was the norm. Okay. Is this kind of outstanding? I guess that seems like not. I did not expect Reverend culture should be reliable. But the pot way was like normal for the rest of the year going to my house with friends. Yeah. Yeah. So it was traditional facilities to insult bed generals in this kind of context, but Cassius DIO nights that this channel in particular enraged season. And he took an oath saying that it wasn't true, which only to make people more likely to be true. So hang on. It's traditional for people to do. This was this particularly out of line. It was it was like overstepping first things you'd say about your general when you'll like heckling him at his victory haughty. No, I don't think so. It's just an upset in pool somewhere. Not set him for some reason, some modern sources will give you the impression that the issue. He was that season ending committees in a same sex relationship. That was what his opponents attacking him on Adrian Goldsworthy who read a bag of see the intestine six, for example writes on the topic quite the dislike of homosexuality appears to have been fairly widespread. What's? Attention needed hatred. Yeah. That's what Adrianssen latoya window. He sees as many relationships with women which went up good go into detail about him at he had lots okay at all. Hole. Goal to suggest that they onto taken in pot. Dispel rumors about Nicomedes, which files recognize that to argument having many affairs with women wouldn't dispel rumors about being passively penetrated by man since fit into ideas of kind of immoderation and giving into lost. So other than Adrienne knows Tokyo. Well. To continue to ROY stay. I'm sorry. He also with little ground comments. That court is absolutely son. That homosexuality did not play a pot in the rest of CBS's life in great. With young men that were although homosexual Asians have since he does life eventually his political opponents would have latched onto the says. Well, I mean when twisted Berman understandings of sexuality to the extent that we'll have is bad. Like sure that argument makes perfect sense. Yeah. Follows his cream statement. He's previous statement was wrong. If sees a headband engaging in homosexual activity with sexual has always slaves in which he was the act of partner. Nobody would have said anything about it because that was totally normal in the Roman mind. So this might have gone on his life. We will never know. All right, gold weather use misunderstanding that the whole situation highlights the need to talk about ROY Moore sexuality in its ROY Moore context rather than interpreting through Monday night is about sexuality. I think that's something we need to keep in mind. When for example, you'll find a month unlisted on the internet that will say Julia sees minimalist of ancient Roman to gay. If you name more context that you can't just say that list fame having next that's faster. That's true feature. The impression on getting is that if you take men who sleep with men as your client, you'll single requirement for calling someone gay..
"julius caesar" Discussed on Queer as Fact
"See that ignored people listen to curry. And I shouldn't a lot of people ignore businesses to create this frankly ridiculous. Yes. So I ignored people as he continued to possible as poss- through violence, and intimidation end various Elliott means will eventually in Anga refused to leave his house full the rest of the claiming that he had seen bad winds that to Destin it would be unwise, but like clouds. Thunder was one of the cloud cloud cloud. I I don't don't know know how. how. Spiritually. So this guy sees a fruit. Rain kind of do any lights because he does take no bills decrease the politics. Couldn't continue also being like fine with a Stanley house is very rarely a wise political move like I mean, I guess it means that you not die. But it means that you quickly become completely relevant. Yeah. I think it was probably the bliss. Dude feel onsite who was at one point engine of riot via crowd of Seaton's supporters. But yeah, it wasn't a good political. So yeah, it was his tithing in his house in the zoning the islands. Clouds yet. And so we see that just causes a bunch of Lois benefit game and benefit poem paean benefit us support base Crassus. So neither bleed see the mate himself governor off goal for the next five. He is as governor of goal yet control of a large portion of rhymes army, and he also had immunity from prosecution full the general illegal at he end violence of his conflict when he ignored his cult. He so by the end of Fifty-nine, basically, so you've had mentioned himself as a champion of people at also as an enemy of the Senate, the Santa Keisha, for example hated season so much new refused to mention any laws passed by season. Didn't want to say he sees as name in public. To take them off to goal. I'm not gonna talk about when he didn't go. But basically he was very successful militarily and getting more support from his army and things like that. Whilst as it was in goal. Puppy was also growing in power he became governor of Spain. So he had control over these two and fifty AC he said in whatever caught initially. I stamp my foot on the ground Omni's spring, very powerful, very competent. So he said. Frumpy? Cross's don't is by cross the site Crassus and Pompey eventually began to seek his unsupported base. Among the conservatives in the Senate separate from seizes more popular support. Conservatives in general of AM savings Seidel Bilas people inside. So they're trying to keep power for the Senate to get by hand seizes trying to get power from the people's that he wants to appeal to the people who the people will in turn but for him and by his lows those populist one yet. So what had been an alliance between see the pope EON crisis became a rivalry between season popey. Commies bites have logged on these. Yes. That's correct. Say about this starting Super Bowl since you. Why war is coming foamy knew that sees the want to become consul again. And so he began to possible is to ensure that sees it would have to return home to ROY. If he wanted to stand as consul a governor couldn't bring their army in Toronto. It wouldn't be able to bring his army with him for any protection, and he'd be open to prosecution for his previous crimes that we've mentioned. So obviously didn't want to do that and fear under this conflict would lead to civil war and would just March on with his army in fifty base. Eight the Senate ordered both men to lay down the commands resonable. Yeah. Home. He refused because he sees a threat to the state so season refused. And then say the was declared enemy the state. Okay. This isn't gay. But quite interesting. Salesman goal this time, and he's quite close to the border of goal and Italy, which is not by the Rubicon rib. But most of these armies are further away and further thoughts of goal, and he's got just one legion with him on hearing that he's made in any at the state rather than taking the time to muster his armies from the various parts of goal is the Senate expected him to giving them time in turn to muster their forces see isn't.
How Can We Make Better Resolutions?
"In two thousand and four in a tiny town. A young woman named Rebecca Gould was brutally murdered nearly fifteen years later her killer is still on the loose. It's just really surreal walking around. Ideal. Mention so much ear to guys out there yell depressed, dude. I'm Katherine towns. And this is Helen gone binge all of season one now at apple podcasts or on the iheartradio app or wherever you listen to podcasts. Welcome to brain stuff from how stuff works. Hey, bring stuff I'm Lauren Boga bomb and the concept of creating New Year's resolutions is so ingrained in US culture that the government keeps a list of popular resolutions and resources for achieving them. It's a baker's dozen of good intentions including drink alcohol. Eat healthy food, get a better education. Get a better job get fit managed at manage stress and recycle digital research. Backs up this lists universality. According to a twenty eleven Marced university poll losing weight top the list for one in five resolution making Americans closely followed by exercising more with spending less than saving more quitting smoking. And being a better person all tied for third. But is it true that most people don't keep their resolutions? The answer as many of us around the house to forks office were relieved to discover appears to be a resounding. Yes. Richard Wiseman as I collagen and author with a penchant for mass participation experiments found that fifty two percent of people making New Year's resolutions or confident that they'd stick it out yet only a scant twelve percent really did. So why bother a New Year's resolutions are as one author wrote a triumph of hope over experience there a way to quantify what we wish for selves, their means of cataloging, our personal satisfactions, and perhaps most importantly their method of racing errors of the past year. Yes. New Year's resolutions are all about hopefulness. And it's always been that way. Of course ringing in the new year isn't a construct of modern Americans some four thousand years ago by balloons rang in their new year with an eleven day festival in March and ancient Egyptians celebrated the advent of their new calendar during the Nile rivers annual flood by forty six BC e Roman emperor Julius Caesar had moved the first day of the year to January first in honor of the Roman God of beginnings. Janice, an idea that took some time. To catch on however in fifteen eighty to see pope, Gregory, the eighth breath January first new year back in vogue with the Gregorian. Calendar. A concept the persists today. The origin of making New Year's resolutions rests with the Babylonians who reportedly made promises to the gods in hopes that earn good favor in the coming year. They often resolved to get out of debt. Sound familiar? Many of us are still making that resolution today. So what's the secret to actually keeping it just wanting something to change is not enough? You need a strategy to make it stick one way to do. This is to share your resolution with others. We spoke with Joe Ferrari, professor of psychology at depaul university in Chicago as he pointed out when you keep resolutions secret. No one is going to check up on you. You're only accountable to yourself. He says that a party to publicly share your resolutions an admirable way to ring in the new year. Social media offers another avenue to let others and on your goals. But once you've involved others in your resolutions. What steps can you? You take to ensure that when they do check up on you. You'll have something positive to report. Success of your New Year's resolutions starts in your head limiting yourself to a few resolutions, maybe even one and being specific are a few things to keep in mind. This prevents overload and frustration for example, I want to lose ten pounds by March first or I want to save fifty dollars each paycheck. The best goals are challenging but manageable, and that's a sensitive balance that only you can find for yourself overly ambitious goals can drain a person's confidence when they're not met instead build on small observable victories and possibly achieve bigger goals down the line and take things on one at a time. Whatever goals, you do tackle be sure to monitor your progress. Ferrari said if your resolution is to lose weight check your weight regularly if it's to save money right down where you spent your money monitoring those few challenging goals, you set will dramatically improve your success rate. Sometimes just the active recording everything you eat or spend can cause you to eat or spend less, even if you don't consciously change anything else. Whatever. Your New Year's goals. Give yourself some time to make them a reality more time than you may have planned on actually while most people cling to the widespread belief that new habits can be formed in twenty one days. New research is Justin that we need a longer timetable one. We study found that it took participants average of sixty six days to do something different and stick with it. Today's episode was written by loyal dove and produced by Tyler clang for more on this and lots of other fresh topics. Visit our home planet. How stuff works dot com. I'm Katie golden. I studied psychology and evolutionary biology at Harvard, and I pretend to be a bird on Twitter and my new podcast creature feature. We've you nature in man from a new perspective each episode asking comedian to get inside the minds of animals, so we can explore the startling connections to human psychology, you'll find blood bounds and treachery that make game of thrones seemed like a dumb show for babies. Join us every Wednesday and subscribe on apple podcasts or on the iheartradio app or wherever you listen to podcasts.
Synchronized Acting: Shakespeare to Sorkin
"So actually seen actors lose out on a job because of a lousy sweet. The way you say your name has as much to do with the level of confidence you're showing. I mean, it's like suddenly they're in the witness protection program. Welcome to casting actors, cast insights for actors on acting in the business of show casting director. Jeffrey drives Bach takes you behind the scenes, reveal secrets to successful acting career. You can find out more on the web at casting actors, cast dot com. Now, here's your host jeopardy drives by. Hey, everybody welcome yet again to another episode of casting actors cast today. We're gonna be talking about what I call synchronicity synchronized acting from Shakespeare to Sorkin. We're gonna dive into some of the important qualities that authors with their material want to accomplish when they have you perform it. But first let me just take a moment. Once again, I keep on wanting to thank you so much for your really kind words that I'm receiving back and the fact that the podcast is doing so extraordinarily well, I'm a little humbled by the whole thing, and I really want to keep on doing these. And if you're one of those people out there and I know you're out there, I could hear you. I would love just to hear some feedback. So if you go to casting actress, cast dot com can either send me a voice message. It's really easy. Just a one click and I get the, I get the voice. You can introduce yourself and say, Hello and thank you for the Pat. Gas or whatever you want. Even if you have a question, I would be thrilled to have an opportunity to play your question on the air and also answer live, so we can really have a nice dialogue, especially in those areas that you think I might not be covering to your satisfaction because with your contribution, I can help shape and design the direction of some of these podcasts to really be of great benefit to you. And I know I've mentioned this before, but I really love doing these podcasts. And one of the reasons is I feel like, and I know this is gonna sound pollyanna, but I feel like I Mabel to give back information that I wish I had had when I first started out, I feel like it's really an amazing journey that we're all on together. And I guess that's another reason why I'm feel so motivated about these particular podcasts. So thanks so much. So synchronized acting, we're gonna talk about exactly what does that really, really mean? I'm entitling the. Podcast synchronized acting Shakespeare to Sorkin. It seems to me based on my experience that actors can fall into basically one of two categories. So which one are you? My category was honestly, if I really took a hard look, I would say that I was a lazy actor many times. I just didn't work hard enough and for those roles that I really really wanted, I would over work it. And so immersed myself into it that by the time I showed up to audition to show the producer of the director of the casting director how I was going to play the part. I ended up wanting it so much that that desperation seemed to bleed through everything that I had done. Everything that I had rehearsed any of the thought processes probably because I was a little more nervous than normal and it just completely exploded in front of me, and there are some. Really painful experience. I'm laughing because I'm looking back on some of those painful moments that I had had as an actor. So I oftentimes just felt like I worked either too hard or not hard enough, but basically, I, I would say I would fall under the lazy actor category. And then of course I've worked with and I see now that there are those actors the other category, which is the what I call the overworked after the actor that absolutely works so hard to discover as many different interesting nuances that they can and apply themselves to almost every conceivable option in the character that they are about to play that they literally exhaust themselves out of making a clean choice for the character. So that overworked actor has put so much into it that they just simply cannot make. A clear cut decision about it because there are too many options available. So when you entertain the idea of having too many options in your character, you end up not being able to make a decision about any of them. So I know this is a little simplistic, but I think that actors are either a lazy actor or that
"julius caesar" Discussed on Lend Me Your Ears
"Hi i'm isaac butler i hope you've enjoyed our first episode of lend me your ears about julius caesar i just wanted to cut in as we're working on a richard the second to let you know that slate plus members actually get an additional full length episode on each play every month so after you've listened to my deep dive into the social and political themes of that month's play you can then listen as i'm joined by some really smart critics to discuss the play in a modern context to chattanooga julius caesar this month i got vanity fair film critic chaos collins and the handmaid's tale screenwriter dorothy fort berry to talk more about what it's like to read about elitism the power of persuasion and the problems with populism in today's political atmosphere beyond these bonus episodes slate plus members also get extended an ad free versions of slate podcasts and early access to discounted tickets to slate live events and you'll be supporting the important journalism that slate does every day you can sign up now at slate dot com slash shakes spear in the meantime here's a preview of the slate plus episode we did for julius caesar i think it's a lot of fun i hope you enjoy that's absolutely true yeah because i do think like the rap on this play and it's one that i agree with to some extent that it's not exactly like the great celebrator of human beings right it's not it's not like it's not like it's like the common man.
"julius caesar" Discussed on Lend Me Your Ears
"Act three in states unborn accents yet unknown it's important to think about staging julius caesar because it's a play that's become trendy again just last year shakespeare in the park here in new york found itself in hot water because of its production of julius caesar directed by oskar eustis here's a clip from fox and friends julius caesar shakespeare production what did you say that surprised you an apology yeah well i was expecting it to be a classic rendition of julius caesar when i ride the stage was very modern very american had classic american images in the background we're going to be different and of course we know julius caesar character as the lead when that character with fourth and it was donald trump i mean they didn't specifically say it but his hair blonde reddish had the tide tied to long who's obviously the leader knowing where that was going i was appalled you see what used to sided to do the speak directly to what was going on in the us politics he announced an advance that this production was his response to the election and the form that response took with setting the play in the present day and making caesar into a trump figure he had the world wind hair and the pouty lips gestures the long time and eastern european wife the even through in a reference to trump's notorious statement that he could shoot someone fifth avenue in his supporters would still embrace him and then of course this very trump like cesar gets murdered viciously on stage the men who kill him dip their hands in the blood seeping out of his body and show it to the people of rome it's a provocative moment but that moment it's in the text and it's meant to be provocative stoop rovings stoop and let us bay the hands and caesar's blood up to the elbows and besmeared shorts then walk we.
"julius caesar" Discussed on Lend Me Your Ears
"Lioness gives birth in the streets and graves yawn open and yield up their dead but the end of the play even friendship is impossible if julius caesar is a tragedy it's not a tragedy because caesar dies or brute assed is or caches dies the death that really matters here is the death of republican rome to read caesar or to see it is to be invited to a funeral for a way of organizing society well you see julius as it is a culture of spying secrecy on the hand the haifa the conspirators all meet in the otit where they kind of flt the death of caesar and you'll saying these people who would have been public figures actually retreating into the shadows so what you'll what you're witnessing something that is that is like a parody of political prices public debate is supposed to be a space where differences can be resolved peacefully by principle other than might makes right institutions create a public space where rational debate is possible and shakespeare's getting these ideas from people like plutonic police livy cicero who were also big influences on our founding fathers and our system of government that's one of the reasons why we often stage caesar and times of trouble it's a play we turn to feels like our own political system is being threatened but making caesar speak to today isn't as simple as just throwing it up in front of an audience and seeing what happens each generation that stages shakespeare reinvents his work for its own era and every time you do shakespeare play you're making an argument in argument about what the play means an argument of the world we live in what does it mean to do this play now this is a play written under a monarch in sixteenth century about a failing republic in the first century bc what happens when we stage it in a representative democracy in the twenty first century.
"julius caesar" Discussed on Lend Me Your Ears
"Common people when they're capricious fickle easily swayed prone to violence the literally ripa guy apart on stage because he shares the same name as one of the conspirators this is a profoundly unstable society and over the course of the play we see collapsing like a poorly cooked souffle here's helen again most shakespeare is about monarchy and it is a closed and functioning system in shakespeare's plays you have kings when they die what we're doing is we're all holding thumbs that we're going to get another king in so things can be stable and good again and in caesar you have him and in coriolanus you have him showing us a world where monarch is actually a dirty word and for us for readers who are reading in the twentieth century with our absolute acceptance that constitutional democracies the way forward in the way to progress in the way goodness and light the fact that you have these two plays corey china's in julius caesar in which the rule by the many is broken nauseating misguided and easily disrupted is something that i think a twentieth century audience was particularly prime to see julius caesar was quite popular in the mid twentieth century we adjust seen the russian revolution curdle into stalinism and the democratic rise of hitler a recent history had shown how easily rule by the people could become ruled by dictators our own system of government has a lot in common with rome's like the roman system we use several different mechanisms to keep both the mob and powerful individuals from taking over one is a complicated system of checks and balances but another isn't a procedure or a law it's an ideal the shining city on a hill that kennedy and reagan and bush and obama have all described in caesar that ideal actually helps motivate the conspirators.
"julius caesar" Discussed on Lend Me Your Ears
"Judge oh you got out dearly caesar loved him this was the most unkindest cut of all for win the new will sees saul him stab in gratitude more strong than traders arms quite thank wished him then burst his mighty heart once he's got the crowd right where he wants him he reveals that caesar so loved the people of rome that he left them lands and money in a public trust there isn't much logic to be found in mark antony's argument it's pure demagoguery emotional persuasion of the highest order but it works the ground has shifted under british his feet the rules he operated by are now obsolete mark antony whips the romans into a frenzy and then he uses that frenzied mob sees power the republic has fallen and brutus caches and their armies half to flee rome that's just the first half of the play believe it or not in the second half the play and its world shift radically if the first half is a political thriller the second half of the play is like a battlefield for film brutus and caches turn on each other the ghost of caesar appears to brutus foreshadowing his fall the conspirators defeated in battle by mark antony and caesar's adopted son octavius brutus and caches both commit suicide and antony and octavius are left in short so look it's not a happy play right but these aren't happy times and you can see why it's a play we turn to when we worry about our society's future and whether or not our own republic is about to collapse or is helen shaw critic for time out new york and four columns told me i do think that for people who are thinking about citizenship and thinking about political action it's not a bad play to having your helen knows julius caesar very well she seen it performed many many times i wanted to talk to her about what the play has to tell us well you can't get away from the fact that it's idea about people in groups is cynical and devastating you see every time a group of people in julius caesar gets together to decide something they come to the wrong decision the elites are deluded enough to think that murdering the most popular bala titian in their nation's history will work out well the.
"julius caesar" Discussed on Lend Me Your Ears
"The fall of rome took about a century and shakespeare's julius caesar tells the end of that story it depicts the death rattle of the republic dissolves into recrimination violence and mob rule in the process it asks some really big questions do we overestimate the power of reason in politics when the republic is in crisis can it be saved by any means necessary once violence enters a political system can it be stopped when it's no longer useful or is it like a drop of ink and a glass of water transforming everything around it how will we know when we've reached the point of no return where each step taken to solve the crisis just causes bigger and bigger crises these are scary questions to ask at least i find them scary but one of the things that allows us to do is ask the scary questions in a safe environment and julius caesar we get to see these questions play out in a story taken from history here's how that story goes eight it's the feast of looper a citywide festival that purifies rome in verts evil caesar has just returned victorious from a bloody civil war against pompey his only real rival he's now the most powerful and popular man in the known world so he's being feast it there's parades in his honor and there's talk about making caesar king now this is a huge problem rome's origin stories about hero ick citizens overthrowing an oppressive monarchy sound familiar and the romans are so anti monarchy that often accusing your political opponents of wanting to become king is a good way to get them killed but caesar is so popular that this time it seems like it might very well happen and this deeply frightens a group of roman senators led by guy named caches cash he's the power behind the scenes and at the top of the play he's already organizing conspiracy to assassinate caesar over the course of the place.
"julius caesar" Discussed on Giants of History
"But while cesar was gone from rome and making all of this happen his alliance known again as the first triumvirate fell apart when pompey turned on him and crassus died and at this point everything started to go south for caesar or at least his enemies back home worried about his growing power thought they finally had caesar where they wanted him the roman senate littered with opponents of caesar and led by pompey apparently ordered caesar who has again at this time in gall north of italy to dissolve his army and immediately returned to rome cesar keenly aware of what was happening back in rome new that the reckoning had finally come and if you went back to rome unprotected without his legions with him he would most likely finally face prosecution by the senate for his perceived crimes back when he was consel well julius caesar was not going to let that happen and reportedly on january ten of forty nine b c e caesar broke roman law by crossing the rubicon river with his army behind him and what was the significance of this event crossing the rubicon has been referenced repeatedly in literature and pop culture and movies i mean we've all heard the expression crossing the rubicon the significance of this event is simple the rubicon river marked the border between sis alpine gall and italy and roman generals were not allowed to enter into italy proper with their armies their armies needed to remain outside of these borders the only time a general could enter italy and later rome with their armies was if and when they were specifically invited to do so which generally only happened when that general and his army were being celebrated with a triumph or a large parade that was thrown for very important roman military victories this was not the case.
"julius caesar" Discussed on On Point with Tom Ashbrook | Podcasts
"Right over there and in your liberty freedom tyranny is do because there after the death of cesar williams six risk lead the tragedy of julius caesar a like a pulse them is with us with as well renault from new yorkers jim shapiro professor of english club university focuses on shakespeare medieval early drama he's shakespeare scholar in residence at the public theater worked on this production of julius caesar has in store acl consultant the author of the two thousand six book a year in the life of william shakespeare fifteen ninety nine that often cited as the year when shakespeare delivered julius caesar uh jim shapiro were control point great to have you here item this is fraught i mean as we talk about this right now we're talking about this on a day when we have seen violence in washington d c congressional baseball practicing shots ringing out at a time when there's a lot of talk about autocracy and and what we're witnessing in in in the white house where it falls in the in the spectrum of handling the highest position in the land what do you think of how i mean i know you consulted public theater what do you think of how they handled the depiction of cesar here is pretty much donald trump to bureau i thought it was a a an and still think it is an extraordinary a landmark in and probably in a stark of production and i say that having advised on the recent royal shakespeare company that's on an england and uh the production of this play in the past a muffin brought in because i spent a decade or so researching which expert was doing in the year he wrote this play and several others and one of the things that's important to understand is.
"julius caesar" Discussed on KTTH 770AM
"And they do shakespeare plays and this year they decided to stage a julius caesar shakespeare's julius caesar now i don't believe i need to tell you what the big moment is as in a play about julius caesar whether it's william shakespeare or john gibson or a dana carvey or saturday live saturday night live or a really anybody the big moment in julius caesar is when julius caesar is assassinated and stabbed and normally we see this where the budget actors and you know greek columns in the roman forum in the guys were togas and laurel things around their head and and the brutus and his buddies come up and they love stab caesar in need eisen and blue lot happens after that but that's a big moment well this year shakespeare in the park is staging julius caesar as a modernday play they're not wear togas they're not in the roman form they're in what could be the white house and they're wearing suits and ties and they look like ordinary politicians except one of them has a bunch of orange hair in a red tie that he wears too long so you know who it is and then he's assassinated and you know you have to wonder now why did they think is kathy griffin thick she can hold up as severed head donald.