20 Episode results for "John Ratcliffe"
Minute Briefing for Monday, July 29th
"Taste your way through Napa Valley California with W._S._J.. Magazine and into Garay Book this exclusive trip at into gory dot com slash W._S._J.. Magazine or call six four six seven eight zero eight three eight eight three. I'm Anne Marie for totally for the Wall Street. Journal Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats is stepping down next month. President trump made the announcement on twitter and says he'll nominate Texas representative John Ratcliffe to replace him coats had disagreed with the president over how to deal with the threat posed by Russia the U._S. and China resumed trade talks in Shanghai this week. The Wall Street Journal reports that expectations are lower this time around after talks collapsed.
NPR News: 05-21-2020 3PM ET
"Live from NPR news. I'm Lakshmi Sang. A federal judge is ordering the trump administration to pay up for failing to produce hundreds of documents during a legal fight over whether the two thousand census could include a citizenship question in sanctioning the administration for attorney fees and other costs. Us District Judge Jesse. Furman says the government's actions may not have been intentional but they were unacceptable last year firm and blocked the attempt to add a question to the national headcount about a person's legal status in the US and the Supreme Court upheld it. President trump will withdraw from the open skies. Treaty with Russia was negotiated three decades ago. Npr's Tamra Keith reports. This is just the latest international arms control. Treaty trump is ditching. The Open Skies Treaty allows Russia and the US to enter each other's airspace with unarmed flights to observe military forces and MONITOR FOR WEAPONS BUILDUP UP PRESIDENT. Trump says the. Us has a very good relationship with Russia but Russia didn't adhere to the treaty. So until they had here we will pull out. But there's a very good chance we'll make a new agreement or do something to put that agreement back together in a statement National Security Adviser Robert. O'brien says the will not remain a party to international agreements that are being violated by the other parties and are no longer in America's interests trump already pulled the US out of the Iran nuclear deal and the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty Sparking International Criticism. Tamra Keith. Npr News in a party line vote. The Senate has confirmed trump supporter. Texas Republican John Ratcliffe to become the country's next director of national intelligence the latest from. Npr's Greg Murray John Ratcliffe is the fourth director of National Intelligence in less than a year. The RATCLIFFE has limited experience in national security. He'll now oversee all seventeen. Us intelligence agencies. He takes over reticence if moment. Us China tensions arising over the coronavirus pandemic in many US officials are warning about renewed Russian attempts to interfere in the presidential election. This Fall Democrats strongly objected to ratcliffe describing him as a trump loyalist who lacks deep background in national security but the Republican majority in the Senate didn't need democratic support to confirm him Greg Marie. Npr News Washington this year. The Long Memorial Day weekend launching us into summer is expected to look unlike any other motorcycle rallies a traditional turn out for the holiday. Well they're expected to be significantly scaled-back or called off altogether. Due to the physical distancing concerns. The veterans group advocates had to cancel an event that was expected to draw up to half a million bikers to. It's rolling to remember rally in the nation's capital instead. Abbas asking local chapters to organize smaller twenty two mile rides to symbolize the estimated. Twenty two veterans who die by suicide every day this is NPR. Sweden's may be feeling the impact of its decision to take a lighter approach to corona virus restrictions than its neighbors. We have this from Teri Schultz as most of Europe is relaxing confinement measures as death tolls drop in the last week. Sweden has become the country losing the most citizens to the disease based on population. The government earned both criticism and praise by leaving open most schools shops and restaurants but new statistics show that by last month. Only seven point. Three percent of Stockholm residents had antibodies with the rest of the country far lower while the European Union expect to lift a ban on traveling abroad June fifteenth. The Swedish government has made that to life fifteen teri Schultz reporting the economic freeze in the United States dealt a blow to the housing sector last month. Npr's Chris Arnold says sales of previously owned homes plunged. Eighteen percent owned sales tumbled back to the pace that they were at in two thousand and ten but for the homes that did sell. Prices remain high in many areas due to a lack of supply of homes on the market. The median home price nationally was about two hundred ninety thousand dollars in April. That's up seven point four percent from a year ago. That's according to the National Association of Realtors which expects that record low interest rates will remain in place for the rest of the year and that will help home. Sales rebound as state economies reopen. The group says more listings and construction will be needed to put the brakes on prices. Which are getting harder for many first time homebuyers to afford Chris Arnold NPR news the Dow is down ninety. Five points this is NPR news.
Next Level: Trump vs. Cities, John Ratcliffe and Greta Thunberg
"It's Monday July twenty nights. Welcome to skim this where breaking down the most complex stories of the day and giving you the context on why they matter today. We're diving into the drama this weekend over Baltimore. We'll connect the dots on what president trump's uh-huh contentious tweets mean for the divide between rural and urban voters then the director of National Intelligence resigned and the guy expected to fill spot is raising some eyebrows and finally climate activist Greta Tune Bird. It's on her way to the U._S.. But she's taking being the scenic route. We're here to make your evening smarter. Let's skim this. The most complicated story today is about President Trump and congressman Elijah Cummings of Maryland. There's there's been some drama. Cummings is the chair of the House Oversight Committee which has been going after trump on everything from trump's personal businesses to White House personal email accounts to detention centers at the border on Thursday he grilled the Acting Secretary of Homeland Security about conditions in those centers and that spark some backlash on Saturday trump went on a tweet storm against cummings calling him a bully and saying he was paying too much attention to the border and not enough to his Baltimore district trump called the district disgusting invested with Rodents Corrupt Dangerous and the worst in the U._S._A.. He said quote no human being would want to live there so a lot of people call the tweets racist on Sunday trump's in his tweets weren't racist and called Cummings Racist instead so today we're going to get into why these statements about Baltimore or causing such an uproar what the data actually says and what trump's base has to do with it <music>. Let's get into it. There's a long history of describing urban cities. The way trump did in his tweets dangerous dirty and not a place people want to live. It's part of trump's history to even even though he was born and raised and built his businesses in New York. He's gone after big American cities but there's something else that play here to hear C._N._N.. Anchor Victor Blackwell is insulted thousands of people many different types of people but when he tweets about infestation it's about black and Brown People Blackwell's emotional response about growing up in Baltimore went. Viral descriptions of urban areas as dangerous and dirty are deeply linked with people of color. Trump has used the phrases inner city and African Americans practically synonymous -ly implying that all black people live impoverished inner cities even though according to the last senses people of Color Makeup about a fifth of Rural America after criticism throughout the day trump doubled down he re tweeted video showing abandoned parts of Baltimore sure say look and he defended his attacks writing quote statistically Baltimore ranks last in almost every major category and quote but the data is more nuance than that cummings represents Maryland seventh district which includes about half a Baltimore and Yeah Baltimore has very high crime rates in two thousand Seventeen Baltimore had the worst homicide rate among the fifty largest cities in the country and it reportedly had the second highest overall crime rate Cummings district is majority black about fifty. Three percent of the seven hundred thousand residents are black only thirty six percent or white but it's district has a higher percentage of college grads than the nation's average and the median household income is about sixty thousand dollars according to fivethirtyeight Nate Silver Cummings district is the second wealthy majority black district in the country but the rhetoric here is important trump's campaign reportedly says his commentary however you wanted to find it is playing well with his base because of where they live live when you look at map there's a pretty big partisan. DIVIDE DEMOCRATS DOMINATE CITIES AND REPUBLICANS DOMINATE rural areas according to Pew Research Back in two thousand sixteen thirty five percent of trump voters said they were from rural L. Area. Only twelve percent were from urban areas Hillary Clinton's numbers were about the opposite in order to win reelection in two thousand twenty trump campaign advisors and Republican Party officials reportedly say he'll need to hold onto the white working class voters he won over. We're back in two thousand sixteen these voters who feel left behind even though the economy continues to grow boaters who say they're tired of being called races and bigots and officials reportedly say that trump is winning them over by creating a mentality of US versus assist them in this case he's playing up the urban rural divide and he speeding into old stereotypes about cities and the people who live in them so what's the skim trump's comments are just the latest to get widespread criticism about two weeks ago. The House condemned trump for tweeting that four female minority representatives should quote go back to fix the broken crime infested places they came from while the Department of Labor own website. Site says telling someone to go back to their country is not cool in fact. It's workplace harassment at the same time. Reports came out over the weekend that trump's son-in-law jared Kushner is asking trump's campaign to come up with a plan to win inner city the voters after this weekend that might be a bit harder so so if you're updating your Lincoln over the weekend you and the director of National Intelligence have something in common president trump announced this weekend that Dan Coats stepping down on August fifteen and that he's tapping congressman John Ratcliffe of Texas assist to fill the role and people are talking about it so I what exactly does the U._S.. Director of National Intelligence do the D._N._A.. Overseas the entire intelligence community that seventeen seventeen different agencies including the F._B._i.. And the CIA the D._N._A.. Is the top advisor to the president the National Security Council and the Homeland Security Council on all things related to intelligence and national security so it's a pretty crucial role. Dan Coats Has Been D._C.. For decades he served in the Senate and the House and as an ambassador to Germany he's been director of national intelligence since March twenty seventeen but he and the president having exactly seen eye to eye so trump claimed that isis had been defeated back in January coats contradicted him he told Congress that Isis was still in Iraq and Syria with thousands of fighters trump said that North Korea didn't pose a nuclear threat to the United States anymore anymore. Coats testified that he believes North Korea would try to hold onto its nuclear capabilities and wasn't about to give them up and then there's a question of Russia's interference in the two thousand sixteen election. Here's president as an trump in July two thousand eighteen at a joint news conference with Russian President Vladimir Putin after meeting in Helsinki people came to me. Dan Coats came to me and some others. They said they think it's Russia. I have President Putin <hes> he just said. It's not Russia. I will say this. I don't see any reason why it would be coach has very publicly gone against president trump on this to an N._B._C. Interview. He said that Russian meddling was undeniable so now coats has resigned and the guy taking place looks like he might take a different approach. John Ratcliffe has been a representative for Texas fourth district since two thousand fifteen before that he was a U._S.. Attorney the Conservative Organization Heritage for America brings him as one of the most. Most conservative Texas lawmakers in Congress and he's been a very vocal trump loyalist last week. He got special attention for how he drilled special counsel Robert Muller during his hearing I agree with the chairman this morning when he said Donald Trump is not above the law he's he's not dam sure shouldn't be below the law which is we're volume. Two of this report puts him rack lives nomination has definitely raised some eyebrows including reportedly among some Republicans who are worried that he might be too political for the the post so here's a milestone were not celebrating today is earth overshoot day and no that's not about NASA spaceships missing their landing. It's the day that global demand for natural resources tops what the earth is able to provide basically if we keep consuming at this rate we use up one point seven five earth's this year and unfortunately we've just got the one of course not every country uses the same amount of resources. If everyone consumed like Americans we'd actually we need five Earth's yeah not great but one climate activist is trying to restore some balance you may have heard of gratitude Enberg the sixteen year old from Sweden who started a student protest movement earlier this year and has been schooling schooling world leaders on climate change ever since she's trying to lead by example instead of flying to New York to talk about climate change at the U._N.. In September tune Burger announced today that she'll be ceiling across the Atlantic erasing boat which is expected to take two weeks more time less carbon footprint to learn what you can do to help the planet check out our guide to climate change at the skin dot com slash guides before we go today. We've got a fun fact coming to you from Yup. It's Shark Week. The discovery channel kicked off its marathon Sunday serving up your yearly dose of Nonstop Shark TV Shark Week means big money for the discovery channel but all of the shark hype could be a bit misleading last year. Only five people died in one hundred thirty ready shark attacks worldwide but here's the thing you're over ten times more likely to die in a fireworks accident and two hundred and fifty times more likely to die from heat exposure in fact new research even shows. You're more likely to die trying to take the.
NPR News: 07-29-2019 6PM ET
"Live from N._p._R.. News in Washington. I'm Jack Speer. The man president trump wants as the top intelligence chief has never before worked in the intelligence community. N._P._R.'s Greg my reports. It is raising concerns from some of those who have served previously president trump says he plans to nominate Texas Republican Congressman. John Ratcliffe is director of national intelligence replacing. Dan Coats WHO's leaving next month previous directors have had long on careers in national security diplomacy or Washington politics. RATCLIFFE is a former prosecutor in mayor from Texas who's been in Congress less than five years David priests of former C._I._A.. Officer says this his raised eyebrows. That's not to say anything about his ability to manage but it certainly does show a sharp contrast with the resumes of all of those who have gone before him. ratcliffe is a staunch supporter of trump and a frequent critic of the Russia Investigation Greg Mary. N._P._R.. News Washington the Mayor of California city where a nineteen year old gunman opened fire killing three people and wounding around a dozen others says the community will mourn the tragedy but will get through it. The mayor of Gilroy California Roland Velasco go saying today gun violence in the U._S.. Epidemic which his words is beyond sad the gun identified as Santino William League and opened fire the city's annual garlic festival yesterday the gunman had posted photos on instagram. The day of the shootings has still not clear what prompted him to open fire. He was killed by police U._S.. Trade negotiators will be in Shanghai this week for talks with their Chinese counterparts. N._P._R.'s Scott horsely reports. These are the first face to face negotiations since two countries agreed to restart talks Fox last month. The ongoing trade war between the U._S. and China has depressed commerce between the country's U._S.. Exports to China were down more than thirty percent last month compared to a year ago while imports from China. We're down nearly eight percent U._S.. Negotiators are. Or angling for big changes in China's behavior but last week president trump of here to play down expectations. I don't know if they're gonNA make a deal. Maybe they will maybe I don't care because we'll take it in tens of billions of dollars. Worth of tariffs trump boosted tariffs on some two hundred billion dollars worth of Chinese imports after talks broke down in May economists say the bulk of the tariff cost is paid by American businesses and consumers Scott Horsely N._p._R.. News Washington it appears increasingly likely when the Federal Reserve mates this week it will do something. The body has not done since two thousand eight cut short term interest rate targets for this time the U._S.. Economy appears to be relatively solid shape with consumers still spending in the unemployment rate close to a half-century low where despite fight those signs of strength there enough concerns about global slowing if I would appear to have room for a modest rate reduction nor to keep the economy moving on Wall Street today the Dow closed up twenty eight points. You're listening to N._P._R.. An Italian judge says one of two Americans jailed in Rome in connection with the killing of a police officer has admitted the stabbing the officer telling police he feared he was being strangled in an order written uphold the jailing of the two teens. The Judge Sang despite the claim the nineteen year old did not have any marks on his neck. The officer was stabbed eleven times another individual eighteen year old told investigators his friend admitted to the stabbing one Kentucky Public school students are turned a class this fall they'll be graded by new displays displays bearing the national motto in God. We Trust Josh James With member station. W. K. wires the story. The signs are now required under a new state law passed this year by the General Assembly while supporters point to the mottos history and prominence in the country as reasons to post the phrase in schools critics argued the signs could make students of different faiths feel unwelcome under the law all public elementary and secondary schools in Kentucky must display the phrase in a prominent location by the start of the upcoming school New Year in two thousand Fourteen Kentucky lawmakers added in God. We trust displays to the legislatures committee rooms for N._P._R.. News I'm Josh James in Lexington a sweeter day for Little Ause X.. The breakthrough rappers viral old town road is broken.
Protester killed in Portland as Mayor and Trump trade blame.
"Coming up on five minute news. Protested killed in Portland as mayor and trump trade blame. US intelligence chief defends briefings ban. And US Corona virus cases top six, million, a schools face outbreaks. It's Monday August thirty one. I'm Anthony. Davis. With crises brewing beyond the White House Gates, a man who was fatally shot after supporters of Donald Trump clashed with left-wing protesters on the streets of Portland. Oregon was a supporter of the right-wing Group Patriots prayer. It's founder said on Sunday? Donald Trump and Portland Mayor Ted. Huila. Have blamed each other for the violence trump could Huila fool on twitter and said to bring in the National Guard while we LA- blamed trump for creating such a toxic environment Trump had earlier issued a flurry of tweets and re tweets including several blaming wheel the death and one in which the president appeared to be encouraging his supporters to move into Portland. The shooting happened about fifteen minutes after a caravan about six hundred vehicles that were part of a pro-trump rally left town. It wasn't clear if the shooting was related to the clashes between trump supporters and counterprotest does in Portland, which has become a flash point in the national. Black lives matter protests since George Floyd was killed in May and an increasing centerpiece in trump's law and order reelection campaign theme. Portland has been the site of nightly protests for more than three months since the police killing of Floyd in Minneapolis, the right-wing Group. Patriot prayer has a history in Portland and repeatedly rallied supporters for pro trump rallies beginning in two thousand seventeen, the group is based in Washington state supporters periodically crossed into Oregon for rallies and marches. Trump and other speakers. Last week's Republican convention evoked a violent dystopia in future. If Democratic presidential hopeful Joe Biden wins in November and pointed to Portland as a cautionary tale in what would be installed for Americans ignoring the obvious dystopia in present they themselves have created protesters are rightfully angry is the president ignores that cries for help and refused to even acknowledge the problem let alone the scale. Donald Trump's intelligence chief on Sunday defended his decision to cease in person congressional briefings on election security. While Democrats said, the move would suppress critical information about foreign election meddling and warned they may subpoena testimony. John Ratcliffe the president's new director of National Intelligence, and to close trump ally accused US lawmakers of leaking classified information from July thirty first briefing to promote what he called false narratives that somehow Russia is a greater national security threat than China. Ratcliffe is a former lawmaker who ended trump during the congressional probes into Russian efforts to influence the two thousand sixteen election. Democratic lawmakers accused Ratcliffe of trying to block them from questioning intelligence officials in a bid to conceal information on how Russia has been interfering in the twenty twenty presidential election to help trump as it did in two thousand sixteen, the intelligence community has warned that Russia is trying to denigrate trump's twenty twenty democratic opponents, Joe Biden, and the Iran and China also trying to so disinformation Democratic senator. Amy Klobuchar. A former presidential candidate said Ratcliffe cliffs decision was an outrage at a time when multiple foreign governments trying to break into the November election and that it was crazy that the house may be forced to subpoena him. Trump has recently admitted that China doesn't want him to win. The election is refused to criticise. Russia. For multiple crimes that have been accused of against the United. States. Cases of the novel coronavirus in America surpassed six million yesterday as many states in the Midwest reported increasing infections Iowa North Dakota. South Dakota and Minnesota of recently reported record one day increases in new numbers while Montana and Idaho, a seeing record numbers of currently hospitalized covid nineteen patients. Nationally metrics on new cases, deaths, hospitalizations, and the positivity rights of tests are declining, but there are emerging hot spots in the Midwest. More than eight months into the pandemic, the United States continues to struggle with testing. The number of people tested has fallen in recent weeks as the president put into action. He's logic defying theory that the more people tested. The more cases are discovered many health officials in at least thirty three states have rejected the new covid nineteen testing guidance issued by the trump administration last week that said those exposed to the virus and without symptoms may not need testing. Public Health officials believe the United States needs to test more frequently to find a symptomatic nineteen carriers to slow the spread of the disease. While the United States has the most recorded infections in the world it ranks tenth based on cases per capita with Brazil Peru and Chile having higher rates of infection. United States also has the most deaths in the world at nearly one, hundred, eighty, three, thousand and ranks eleventh in the world for deaths per capita out of two, hundred, thirteen countries. You can subscribe to five minute news on Youtube with your preferred podcast APP. Ask Your Smart Speaker or enable five minute news as your Amazon Alexa Flash briefing skin please subscribe rate, and review us at five minute dot. Five minute news is an independent production covering politics, inequality health and climate delivering unbiased, verified, and truthful world's news. Daily.
NPR News: 06-28-2020 3PM ET
"Live from NPR news, I'm Barbara Klein. Confirm Corona virus cases now top ten million globally deaths are nearing half a million NPR's amy held reports the US accounts for a quarter of them. The US now has two and a half. Million confirmed cases with more than one hundred and twenty five thousand deaths, despite months of mitigation measures last week, the US reported the three consecutive days of record new infections with counts in the south and. And in the West Surging now Texas and Florida have paused or pulled back on reopening measures. President trump has insisted more testing is responsible for the rising numbers, but experts point to growing positively rates as well as increased hospitalizations to counter that oversees Brazil Russia and India are also seeing infections surge, but earlier hot spots, including in the EU and the northeastern U. S. have managed to tamp down on new cases. Amy held NPR news. President trump is denying a New York. Times report that he's known about Russia. Putting a bounty on US troops in Afghanistan since March, NPR's Mara Liasson reports. The president tweeted that he was never briefed about the bounty, his new director of national. Intelligence, John Ratcliffe also denied that the president or vice president had been briefed, but neither trump nor ratcliffe is denying that the bounty exists in his tweet. The president called the story another new. York Times hit job and said quote. There have not been many attacks on. On us in Afghanistan, trump hasn't said whether or how he plans to respond to the Russian action now that he does know about it Mara. Liasson NPR News House Speaker Nancy. Pelosi is slamming the president for not responding to the report. This is bad as it gets. And yet the president will not confront the Russians on this score score denies being briefed whether he is or not, his administration knows Pelosi says she was not briefed on the intelligence, and is calling for report to Congress on the matter. Four years after NFL quarterback Colin. Kaepernick began kneeling during the national anthem in protest. The push to allow athletes to protest on and off the field may be gaining momentum. NPR's Joel rose reports. The president of the National Basketball players. Association Chris Paul told ESPN that the League and the Union or working on a plan to let players wear jerseys with personalized messages instead of their last names. When the NBA resumes next month, those messages could include. Include Black lives matter or I can't breathe, which have become rallying cries for protests against police, brutality and systemic racism and the International Olympic Committee is facing growing pressure to lift rule that bans political protest at the Games John Carlos when of to American sprinters who gave the black power salute on the podium at the nineteen sixty eight Mexico City Games is leading a call for the rule to be scrapped. Joel rose NPR news. This is NPR. In, southern Africa Malawi inaugurated a new president today as issue, muffin reports, the opposition candidate won last week's rerun election and promising major changes Lazarus quit. I, was sworn into office in along with the country's capital city. The sixty five year old is a retired pastor and theology lecturer. He has promised to fight corruption and create jobs in the southeastern African nation. One of the world's poorest countries chuck where one of the months of protests over the original result. Malawi is this again. Country in sub Saharan Africa to have. It's election results overturned. Kenya's took court overturned the result of a presidential vote in two thousand seventeen, but the incumbent went on to win the rerun for NPR news I am wounded in Harry. Cities around the world would be holding lgbtq pride parades today were it not for the coronavirus pandemic? Hundreds of them are canceled. One exception though is Taiwan Laura Koos is a US student. There I've come to pride every year that I've been in Thailand now and having this year's really special, because I know that the rest of the world cried has been canceled because of the epidemic New York City is marking the fiftieth anniversary of its pride parades with a march in solidarity with protesters, demanding an end to racial injustice and police brutality I'm Barbara Klein NPR news.
NPR News: 02-28-2020 11PM ET
"Live from NPR news in Washington. I'm Nora Raum today. The World Health Organization raised its Corona Virus Global Risk Assessment to very high. The markets are showing no sign of recovery. Npr's amy held reports Wall Street. Had its worst week since the two thousand eight financial crisis with the Dow losing twelve percent after the Dow. This week saw its fastest drop ever from an all time high. The Fed is all but certain step in says Lizanne Sanders chief investment. Strategist at Charles Schwab. But that will only do so much fed cutting interest rates which they probably will do doesn't create a vaccine for the virus so it's limited in the eight it can provide. The outbreak is disrupting both supply and demand from China affecting the Global Economy. The ripple effects of this are significant without yet an end in sight. Top White House Trade Advisor. Larry cudlow sounded upbeat. Friday saying the corona virus. Health risk is low. What we see is our economy is holding up very any held. Npr News health officials in California are reporting a second case of Corona virus in the state in a person who apparently had not traveled internationally or had come in close contact with someone who had. They're trying to retrace her steps and identify. People have been close to where this is the tenth case in California Oregon reports. I confirmed case of the virus today. President trump has picked republican congressman. John Ratcliffe to be his next director of National Intelligence. Npr's Frank Donas reports. President trump made the announcement via twitter while traveling to South Carolina for a campaign rally. Trump wanted to put ratcliffe the job last year but those plans fell apart amid questions about ratcliffe experiences and concerns he had inflated his resume trump instead pick Joseph Maguire to fill the role temporarily but he fell out of favor with the President. After commenting that the whistle blower in the impeachment inquiry followed the law. Rackliff is a former. Us Attorney who sits on both the House intelligence and judiciary committees. He's a loyal supporter of President. Trump. Who was criticized the FBI and doggedly questioned witnesses during the molar probe and house impeachment investigation Franko or Donas NPR news. The Whitehouse Turkey is trying to put pressure on the European Union for more support in northern Syria Teri Schultz reports anchor is using its control over migrant flows as leverage even though there are Turkish television broadcast of Syrians moving toward e U borders and photographs of a rubber dinghy arriving from Turkey to Greece. The European Commission says Onkar has a shortage of no change in the policy that requires migrants to be blocked this despite the Turkish president's spokesman saying the country can no longer manage the increasing number of displaced Syrians the EU has no role in the military conflict in Syria. But it has been critical of all sides there for creating a humanitarian disaster TERI Schultz reporting. You're listening to NPR news from Washington the US and the Taliban are poised to sign an agreement tomorrow designed to lead the end of the eighteen year war in Afghanistan under the agreement the US will start. Withdrawing troops Taliban leaders promise not to let extremists use Afghanistan as a staging ground for attacking the US or its allies. They also agreed to negotiate with Afghan government leaders on a permanent nationwide ceasefire and power sharing agreement in Afghanistan. Democratic presidential candidates are making their final pitches in South Carolina ahead of tomorrow's primary. Npr's Juana Summers covered. Tom Steiner Rally at Allen College an historically Black College inside the gym there. Strobe lights dancing people came to see performances from the Rapper Juvenile Gospel singer Yolanda Adams in Dj Jazzy. Jeff before Tom Steyer spoke greenwood. County Councilwoman Edith. Childs rallied the crowd. She's the woman credited with starting the fired up ready to go chant back in the first Obama campaign now. She's supporting sire style. You ready to go ready to go. When Steiner took the stage he said he and his wife Hat Taylor had fallen in love with this seat and its residents. He said that he expects to win. The Primary Juana Summers. Npr News Columbia South Carolina after South Carolina. The next voting in the race for the Democratic presidential nomination will be Tuesday when fourteen states will hold primaries at Super Tuesday more than a third of the total delegates are at stake. I'm Nora Raum. Npr News in Washington.
Ep 636 | Brennan's CIA Notes Reveal Plot. What's Next?
"Newly. Declassified documents show that Hillary Clinton was behind the trump Russia plot joe. Biden might not debate president trump next week and Texas has taken the lead against net flicks. We've got that much more coming up in it starts right now. They're welcome to the news and why it matters. I'm Hillary Kennedy. I'm filling in for Sarah Gonzales while she's at home enjoying her new baby boy. But at the table with me, they've got two people that know a few things about kids Mr Chad free of the Chad pre the show. Jason Petrol, the head writer and researcher from Glenn Beck Glad. You're here you you know something about kids to. are kind of like kids. You guys here today. All right. So let's get started with. The denied declassifying Brennan's notes and the memo on the allegation that Hillary Clinton approved the plot too tight trump to Russia. So the Director of National Intelligence John ratcliffe declassified those notes. Along with the memo from Twenty Sixteen citing intelligence that Hillary Clinton approved of this plot by her campaign to accuse him of collusion with Russia, in order to distract from that email scandal ahead of the election back then and we've got a clip. Of Brennan playing down his role in this, what can you tell us about these notes that you wrote about this Russian intelligence and what do you make of the in Iraq cliff releasing them right now John Radcliffe is anything but an intelligence professional. He is appalling his selectively classification of information that clearly designed to advance the interests of Donald Trump and Republicans who are aligned with him. But these were my notes from the two thousand sixteen period when I briefed President Obama and the rest of the National Security Council team about what the Russians were. And I was giving examples of the type of access that the US intelligence community had to Russia Russian information and what the Russians were talking about and alleging. Now, if in fact what the Russians were alleging that Hillary was trying to highlight the reported connections between trump and the Russians if in fact that was accurate and that's a big if there is nothing illegal about that and so John Radcliffe and others are trying to portray this as potentially unlawful activity that deserved public investigation by the FBI. No, it was a campaign activity. So the notes that Brennan wrote. They say things like site alleged approval by Hillary Clinton on proposal from one of her foreign policy advisers to vilify Donald Trump by stirring up a scandal claiming interference by Russian security, he also wrote. police in the margin, he wrote the names of our initials of people J. C. Dennis and Susan, but they could have been referring to FBI Director James Comey Susan could have been referring to the national security adviser. Susan. Rice. So Jay said you're you know a lot about this so Tell me your take on this. Talk about selective I love. So, probably I don't think. So trump is asked for the everything to be classified without. Any reductions I don't see how that's going to happen because what he's talking about here and he mentioned that he uses an acronym for whatever sources was he says cit e I don't think we'll ever hear what cit is some intelligence acronym, but they're never gonNA give up that source. So you're not going to see portions of this, which is sad but to put everything in context here, this is what happened. So in July I, think it was like, July twenty second, the DNC emails were released. Right after that, this is when they picked up this information from the Russians. The Russians were saying, Hey, which is probably like NSA intercept. I'm just assuming or guessing that the Russians are saying Hillary Clinton and her campaign wants to redirect everything they want all the is off them. They want everyone to blame trump for the collusion now we know from another. Declassification and release the still dossier. Was the main driver of the entire Russia collusion case. Their main informer source was a Russian spy. Now this is insane he was a Russian spy. He worked I. Believe it was was it for the Atlantic Council I don't remember as a think tank in Washington. DC. He I. Think he was actually a Russian national. He had been caught by the FBI with consorting with known Russian intelligence operatives here in the US was also overheard and I don't know if you've heard this, but this is insane. Overheard talking to people that he worked with saying if you ever get position within the White House the Pentagon, there's money to be made their information. This guy's a Russian spy I'm sorry. So the FBI knew all of this they knew it was opposition research and they knew a Russian spy was helping them. Now all of that in context of this. So this sounded like Brennan was warning Obama, it's what it sounds like to me. They look this information's out there. This is what's going on at the exact same time. They have this information, the exact same time they started the crossfire hurricane. Investigation not mentioning Hillary, Clinton. But the exact narrative that Clinton was saying that I want to redirect you know and make it look like the. Trump, colluding with the Russians, over these emails, it was almost word for word what they used all their docks and their justification for the start the entire investigation. It's insane. Do you think we will ever see any arrests? Never. I don't think. So I really don't I think people like John Brennan I think that I think they're pretty much untouchable I. Think they're too big to fall. I think that other people what I think what I've been saying is that there will be lower level people that will go down for this I even think Susan Rice is above is in that pay grade where she just above the law I don't think we will I really don't I think they'll try and I don't trump was pissed off. I think he's pissed off right now because bar in Durham forever investigations take forever but I think it I'm assuming that the again, this is all just assumption that probably in Durham gave him the green light to say look, we've already gotten to that partner investigation you're not gonNA we're not gonNA seen indictments because he thinks take awhile, but you're green lit to release start releasing some of this information. So I think this is just the first of a lot more to come. Well. So you mentioned this earlier for people who haven't been following this story. Trump did authorize the declassification of all the documents related to the Russia hoax. He said I have fully authorized the total declassification of any and all documents pertaining to the single greatest political crime in American history, the Russia hoax likewise, Hillary Clinton email scandal no reductions and he added all Russia hoax scale information was declassified by me. Long ago. Unfortunately for our country, people have acted very slowly especially since it is perhaps the biggest political crime in the history of our country. act. So, this announcement that he made, it came within hours of Director of National Intelligence John ratcliffe declassifying that heavily redacted CIA memo. Do you think any of this changes anything in the election. I really do I think. Okay. I'll let me let me caveat this with I think there's a lot of independence now that are teetering. So they're not too sure they see what happened in the last debate and they're like, oh, my gosh, that was such a tobacco maybe for Biden and then so they could go either way. Then they see maybe something like this that could this could be the smoking gun for them to say okay, they were so corrupt for sure voting for trump. So I think there's a small. Minority. The problem is that's actually a big problem. There's not enough people in the middle nowadays in America we're so polarized to the left and right. So I think all of all the people on the right we know the danger of the far left shift that's going right now and where they're going to end up but all the people on the left, they're in their camp they hate trump because he's trump and he's a danger to the agenda that they had going for eight years under Obama? So I think everyone's in their camp. Now everyone's fighting over that small sliver in the middle I think it can make a difference. I really do I think the running out of time but they've got what four weeks now to convince people that look this when he said that that's not hyperbole. I. I truly believe this was the worst political crime in history screw Watergate all that other stuff. This was we haven't had a peaceful transition of power since two thousand eight really haven't. This is they were weaponized from day one. This started before he even got an office and then we've seen hashtag resistance that involves Obama. His organization organizing for action they they're the ones that have been active. You know mobilizing all these people and put them on the streets like it never stopped. He never really peacefully trends transferred power. I do think it can make a difference. So I, really do but they're running out of time. So you think that they won't continue to. Expose some of this information. You don't think that a lot of this redacted information will be made public as we get closer to the election I. Think it's GonNa be hard to get some of the some of the reactions out because there's a whole lot more. There's like the you know the presidential communications privileges that you know did Obama react to that. You know what I'm saying like Renan was like, Hey, there's this information when Obama Senate's like Oh crap. We can't let that get out we can't let them know that we've been. Helping this along like that's not going to get unredacted did this is all over you know it'd be so great but there are things that will not be I but I really do I think they've got how many years now have they've been looking into this they they've been looking into it for a while. That's why the president's also frustrated because there's just not coming out you know as quick as he would want it to and he knows he knows all this stuff he knows what they were trying to do that the Obama. Team was in league with Hillary Clinton to help her redirect the narrative in. Framingham him as a basically a Russian spy. It's so ridiculous. Trump knows all this stuff. That's why he's frustrated. But yeah, I'm I'm really curious. This is the first salvo. What are we see next? I do think it can make a difference I really do. I'm still waiting on celebrities to tell me what the thing. At the end of the day couple takeaways trump's fully out of this right? He's out of a medium with it. He's a counterpuncher he wants immediate results. He's had to deal with this. He knows he was spied only knows he was listened to he knows that he was set up. He knows that there were this big collusion investigation that took two years and cost thirty million dollars and you know now they're releasing how much all that actually did cost think about how much you wouldn't know had hillary. Clinton actually been elected and and had won the presidency. How much we know about the law enforcement community at the federal level we wouldn't know about the intelligence community we wouldn't know about. So many of these names Christopher Steele we would know about the Pfizer court would people would still be mysterious thing in America. We know all these things we wouldn't know who jake tapper was. We wouldn't know who JIM ACOSTA was. Would it? No you know we we wouldn't know all these names that are now household names. And so it's a big deal I. think trump wants his vindication. He wants his out of flesh their and and he knows that the only way. I mean imagine if trump doesn't win this election. and. Now he's citizen trump again. How frustrating knowing how he is I mean he could sit on the toilet and have a tweet storm one night. Ever veal. And I wouldn't put it past him to do it at this point it's really amazing you. They they claim trump is guilty of every time. We really analyze it. They're guilty of the exact same thing. Only the trump side never gets caught with anything of real substance. The quid pro quo stuff will biden was the first person to do a quid pro quo with Ukraine. Person Everything they were screaming about he was already doing that amazing. The the Russian collusion what do you call a Campaign Hillary Clinton campaign working with a Russian spy. To push this I, mean everything I mean Hunter Biden. Who in trump's family has been given millions of dollars from some rich Russian oligarch zero but hunter Biden has three point five million dollars. That's why the mainstream media hasn't really been covering this. Because we really haven't seen all that much about it compared to some other stories get. Totally unrelated. If you read the news, you see that Derek Chauve and the guy that choked and put his knee on George Floyd's neck has now posted one million dollar bail and is no longer incarcerated. Who paid a cops? One, million dollar bail he didn't do it there. You see someone acting behind the scenes to create a brushfire over here for the media to cover because if it bleeds it leads and so now you watch and see someone out there would love to see some more of those quote peaceful protests happen to take the is off the American viewer of the media to when they should be paying attention to this story right here. Yeah. The media's always to I, mean I why they don't cover these things. Yeah. You're they either. They either redirect towards something else and they just don't talk about it at all. I cannot believe when we found out that this the primary source for the still dossier was a Russian spy right if you watch this network or maybe even a little bit on Fox Fox Harley covered that much at all either. But if you don't, you just didn't hear about it. If you're on the left, you'll even get a chance like all you will listen to with CNN and MSNBC and those networks you're just not going to hear about now anything you just. Imagine if the situation was reversed Rachel Maddow, her head would explode. Actually. Be going to this conspiracy you know and she's like, oh my gosh, it's like a Tom clancy novel and they'd be going insane. They'd be leading with that and Keith Olbermann would reignite the resistance you don't videos. Hilarious when he I think what he realized that nothing was going to happen did that famous final video I am convinced that he's going to be out of office on a month or whatever, and that just kind of. Way. Love, hearing your take on it because I do think you're right because they haven't been able to find anything in the trump camp. It's like after stuffing celebrates here then on to the next. which also, we will be moving onto the next because we've got to go to a break but I I wanNA. Thank our sponsor Omega xl. I spoke to my doctor recently about a remedy for pain and she wanted to give me an injection and I said nope. So then I had a conversation about paint with Dr. McQuillan. From Omega xl and whether it's your back or your knees, your decker shoulder pain, the underlying causes likely inflammation, and you have to defeat inflammation or it can cause permanent damage backed by thirty five years. Of Clinical. Research Omega attacks the inflammation that's causing my pain. It is brilliant because pain relievers and topical rubs they just masks the problem Omega xl neutralizes the inflammation that causes painful stiff joints and muscles. And the doctor said something else that really stuck with me. She said it with my prescription pat I can't write anything that comes close to doing what Omega xl does. That was good enough for me. So if you're suffering with aches and pains and stiffness, you need to try Omega Xl let's get you started order Omega xl now and get a second bottle free just visit Omega xl dot com slash news that's Omega xl dot com slash news or call eight, hundred, eight, four, four, four, eight, eight, eight, that's eight, hundred, eight, four, four, four, eight. One more time, eight, hundred, eight, four, four, four, eight, eight, eight we'll be back in just a minute. Really interesting to write up former New York. Times reporter now anti lockdown author, Alex Berenson said President Donald. Trump's encouragement to the American people to not let covid nineteen dominate. Their lives might be the most presidential thing. Trump has ever said we've got a clip of this card back for a second. I. Want to say something about what the president said today. Today where he said you know don't be afraid of Kobe don't let it dominate your life and you. Can't say that I just want to issue a warning to our viewers. Of course, you should be terrified and. I just wanted to say that. Okay. Go ahead. That's right. I mean that might be the most presidential thing. This president has ever said okay. Because here's what saying. He's not actually saying don't be don't be afraid of covert he saying don't be afraid of one another. Okay. Because this is a respiratory virus, it spreads between people and only way to really make it go away permanently is hilarious all the way permanently and that that can't happen that is compatible with life. Also. He also additionally pointed to the stark contrast between trump. And Joe Biden in regards the coronavirus he said people can vote for Joe Biden or Donald Trump for all kinds of reasons. But Joe Biden has barely gotten out of his house. It feels like in the last six months and Donald Trump has lived okay and he took a chance he rolled the dice and he got caught he actually did get the corona virus but guess what? It's not that dangerous. It looks like he's going to be fine even though he's a seventy four year old man who's mildly overweight. So that's the lesson we should take care we need to live to do you think this is how most Americans feel about it I don't know about most Americans but I think there is a vast group who do feel that way you know. If you see that clip you've got that that headshot there of Joe Biden wearing his mask on on that interview there. Obviously, he's outside of the cycle, my tarmac or something. If you watch that clip, the mask actually falls off of his face. It exposes knows towards the end while he's talking reaches up with his bare hand and he adjust the mask back onto his face there's nothing sanitary or. Healthy about that action. This is not a thing that we're doing correctly. I, mean you guys have seen the movies right? I mean you guys know their stuff down in the rainforest that if we stepped on the wrong mushroom, wipe out humanity in a matter of fifteen days I mean there's stuff in a box at the CDC that if it ever got loose, we'd all be dead in a matter days. Probably under. I. It's so dumb I, mean, we're GonNa like Oh my God you know you're going to catch this thing. I've kissed seven people today. It's all good. Okay. So there are certain people. I've never said that the virus isn't real. I've never said that it's not contagious, but it didn't kill the millions and millions of people are going to say Joe. Biden says one hundred, million people by the end of the speech th that's that's it's just farcical. So my thing is enough said this over and over we we keep kicking this can down the road you gotta live your life because the end. Of the day did you tweet this? See You tweet this at said people or even if there is a vaccine, eventually, people are going to keep on wearing masks. No matter what because it was, it was that somebody either way sound like some idea probably even if there's a vaccine, it doesn't go away. It's just like the flu doesn't go away with the flu vaccine. It's still there. So you're going to have a large group of people. Who are going to wear these masks for the rest? Of their lives and that's the change we've seen in the world today people are scared of people. And it's a shame. It really is they want us afraid they absolutely wants afraid never forget that the entire reason for the lockdowns was supposed to be two weeks two weeks to control the spread and why were they doing that? So hospitals wouldn't get overrun so they can have time to get respirators they could get time to get triage areas ready. All that stuff hospitals would never really overrun in the vast majority of the country in New York. New York's a different. But two weeks that's all this was supposed to be two weeks turn into months months turned into a year. Now now they're saying twenty twenty one thing still won't be normal in two, thousand, twenty one like the entire year. So we're looking at twenty, twenty two, what they're saying, which is total bull crap because probably after the election this all goes away. That's what I'm assuming. But they want scared they wanNA scare they want to subjugate and it's really all our fault. It really is I'm more of a radical I think on this. I think people should just say screw it right now. That's why I never wear a mask. I go into a place. I will not blow right past the unconstitutional sign that says must wear a mask I go in if people tell me to put a mask on, I give them the finger if management. Says you're trespassing then I leave because that's a different charge. They can give me on trespassing but they're not going give me putting a piece of damn cloth on my face never gonNA. Many people think that it's a law. So many people it's a mandate on so many people don't know. I. Mean. Really I've got friends that don't know and I try and educate them on that. Cold it's become a cult worshipping at an altar of in in the The Talisman is the mask right there worshipping at the altar of safety and the Talisman is the mask and that is the thing you either have it or you don't have it. It's your rosary. So to speak at your your sign that you're a part of the cult and I'm not saying carry rosary that the Catholics are called, I'm not saying that. So don't misinterpret museum as bad example but if you're not wearing the masks, then you're not, you're not one of us you're you're anti safety and therefore you're not a part of the church. So to speak our our little church of the mask. Had So. If you don't do that. Then you're going to be judged and how dare you how dare you violate our idol the and that's what it's become. Their people who are gonNA live the rest of their life this way. No questions about it even after the election will a lot of things go away. A lot of things will go away but people have been so scared into submission. Kit these. Keep canceling things. Speaking of Joe, Biden says, if trump's still has corona virus by the second debate, it should be cancelled. So we have We have a clip of that. Let's listen to that first. Be Able to debate him. But I just hope wall the protocols were followed was necessary to time. Art Gregory. But then on Monday previously, he said look if the. Listened to the scientists, the scientists say that it's safe. The distances are safe and I think that it's fine. I'll do whatever the experts say is the appropriate thing to do but then In this NBC also decided to weigh in on this. So let's listen to this. And you're a lawyer, maybe the president's. The president semyon maybe immune now is he legally immune? What is his secret service men and women who have to drive them around in these vans and get exposed to his deadly corona virus which what? I what somebody at that Rose Garden event gets sick and dies I don't want this to happen. They wished for his health just wondering he's pushing all this against the advice of the professionals in his government against the advice of scientists. Some some point isn't this. Manslaughter. If you purposefully put people was edition where you send a deadly virus their way. What is that? Do. You think that the Biden campaign is using this be I originally said Yeah. If the doctors say it's fine. We're there I'm ready for the debate and now it's like I. Don't know. Do you think they're using this to try and stop the debate from happening? Well Probably yes. I think that. I think that. If he still has corona virus. It seems kind of obvious that he just wouldn't go to the to the debate. That's the obvious thing. He's been he hasn't had any symptoms I think for at least twenty four hours probably more by now. He's probably going to be fine but there's that word probably. Healthily find, he's probably not going to be contagious at that point. But when as long as there's the word probably in there, they'll use that as an excuse to try to scrap the debate and they'll blame donald trump say it's his fault for endangering all of us already setting it up Biden which is playing right along with what he's been told to do, which is make krona virus more the deal and especially being that he had contracted it and he might S- keep spreading it because he just doesn't care about the coronavirus just like he didn't know for the past year or so. They're definitely setting up the setting up that out for them if they want to take it, which is Kinda stupid if you think so I mean. Biden had a jump after the polls because by and large people were pissed off at that debate unless they think that the trump campaign can learn their lesson trump what he needs to do is what he did with Hillary right so he had a lot of one liners, but he didn't try to dominate the debate. He let Hillary get all of her crazy out, which is what you had to do with. Biden let him get, he'll. He'll. He'll sink his own ship. Let him sink his own ship down and then once he says something really stupid. Then you come out with that one liner like because you'd be jail type. That's where everyone loved trump right there. He doesn't have to yell over him. So maybe they're maybe they're scared that they've learned that lesson and that's what they're expecting the next debate. If it doesn't happen. Do you. What do you think he should do to try to connect with people if if the second debate doesn't take place? He's got he's got to continue to get in front I'm assuming you mean trump he's got to continue to get in front of the American people he's got to continue to speak to them whether it's virtual debate which I don't know that that's going to happen. Look you're right I feel like we're playing watch MSNBC IT's like a game a clue it was hoped picks in the Rose Garden Irs. And so I yeah. I think he feels like Biden feels like he came out on top because trump made himself look bad and so he can just leave it. The way it is he's going to be just fine. But at some point I'm you've got trump's got to have that opportunity to give him enough rope to hang himself 'cause he'll do it. Across the second debate does happen. All right. So we've got more to see to talk about coming up next we've got to think our sponsor I. It's Rough Greens and the dogs have spoken not literally, but it's pretty evident by the way they eat their food when it's got rough Greens on it because they're so happy. So if you're a dog owner, you know that loving your dog, it's only part of the responsibility you have as owner you also have to take good care of them and make sure that you do everything that you can to promote a healthy happy life for him, and that is why I love Rough Greens ruck grains it isn't a dog food it's actually A. Supplement that you put on your dog's food, it contains all the nutrients that your dog needs but those cooked out of the kibble food when it's being made the probiotics, the antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, that Omega Oils, these are just some of the things that your dog needs to lead a healthier lifestyle and they're all the things that are in rough Greens. So get the rough Greens jump start bag today for just fourteen, ninety five and start the process of getting your dog healthier and happier. If you WANNA see your dog thrive again, just go to rough greens dot com slash blaze. That's are you F- F Green. Dot. com slash ablaze we'll be back in a minute. Well you know what people love more rules when it comes to wearing masks, my right I mean doesn't everybody loved that. Well California Governor Gavin Newsom. He. Loves. To give. More rules to. His office tweeted that restaurant diners should put their masks on in between. To help slow the spread of the coronavirus. So they put up, the sweet said going out to eat with members of your household. This weekend don't forget to keep your mask on inbetween bites. Do your part to keep those around you healthy slow the spread. So, interestingly, the tweet includes emit showing a diner wearing a mask while reading a menu then with her mask off while eating and then her on and after finishing her meal. Diner tip number one, minimize the number of times you take your mask off. Contradictory. You take it off and put it back on like one hundred times. People definitely notice that too. They got some pushback on twitter someone said so should we wash hands after touching our mask each time we remove it between what if I needing chips and Salsa go for a double dip? Is that technically to bite since it's the same chip and then that person says, what if I take a bite of the chip I dip and it gets lodged in my throat and I start choking should I put the mask on first and then start coughing or would it be okay to try and preserve my life I the mask so Jason, you I mean you said Hey when people ask you to wear masks, put your mask on you give them the Middle Finger. So if you were in California I'm assuming you would be mocking people putting their mask off and on between everybody. That's that's just dumb. That's. A majority I would hope the majority of people in his State or hitting him over here. How stupid this is I mean the people that are pushing these types of rules don't even know how it works like your point out before you know your hand is. Basically disgusting from touching all these other things putting it on the mask even just to readjust right you're spreading germs that way. I can't I'm having a hard time explaining what he's thinking there. But again, it's just like trying to make people feel perpetually scared. It's. It's really what it's all about twin watching that and build a blasios. Little show on the front of the courthouse steps there where he puts his mask on and he salutes and turn. them the thing these guys they really like strap things on. Video that's. Colt like recruitment video. So hilarious. I do think that there are some Californians that are just they're so tired of the masks tired of the stuff that they keep hearing from newsom Someone said, if I'm at a table with my family and appropriately distance from others, there is no chance in hell I'm wearing masks between bites you're insane and then someone else said this embarrasses me a California. Who voted for Newsom mask wearing social distancing are vital but this is ridiculous touching your mask that frequently as worse patio dining mass servers masked patrons except when eating and drinking, take this down and alter the directive. Do think people are just sick to death of all the mask mandates I think some of them are getting there. Of course, there are AL, appeal, hardcore Population of that Colt, that are just ardently depending it. But what's hilarious? Are Sick of it like some of the people you're read enough. This you know they're leaving New York and California in droves they're moving to Texas, and what are they going to do? They're going to continue to vote blue. Guaranteed they don't listen like they leave California, I lived there for a long time. They're like, yeah, we're moving to Texas, why because? It's easier to make a living there you know and there's no state income tax that stuff how you, GonNa vote or we're still voting Democrat what do you think that if they gained power in Texas what it's going to become? California for the problems here in California I just feel like might as well just tell people like get into body-bag already because you're putting that fear in about every little thing. All right. So I've got another story for you that I thought was really interesting. A Texas grand jury indicts Netflix's on criminal charges of Lewd visual material with a child in the cuties film a Netflix continues to stand up for their work. Thought this was interesting. If you missed all that several weeks ago cuties, it's an award-winning French film that centers around four eleven year old girls and a sensual dance troupe. The movie is rated mature. For mature audiences only. But Texas, the Texas Rangers served Netflix with a summons on October first according to Tyler County District Attorney Lucas Babin, and they just said that a portion of the indictment says that the film and the Netflix's CEO's Reed Hastings and Ted Sorrento's they knowingly promote visual material which depicts the Lewd Exhibition of the genitals or pubic area of a clothed or partially clothed child who is younger than eighteen years of age at the time. The visual material was created which appeals to an interest in sex and has no serious literary, artistic, political or scientific. Value. Now there, there were a lot of people really asking for this I mean tons of petitions and online fervor about it. I'm one of the people that canceled my Netflix subscription when all of this came out because I did watch as much of the film as I could to report on I went on pack ratio to talk about it and it was disturbing because you I mean if you had the images that are in this dome, if you had stills from from some of the clips in this film on your computer, you could have been charged with having child pornography in your home but because this was a movie on Netflix, all of a sudden, it was art. We can think about the the grand jury indicting will for them I'm glad someone is doing something the. Amazing different things about this. The first is how NETFLIX's continues to double down the breath of support. So I saw this this story again, they they doubled down with how they're sticking by their support of this film like I cannot believe it. It's the their main. Defense on this as we just it's a great film about you know pointing out. You know how girls you know. How they're forced to be over sexualize or something like that. What are you talking about? So to to prove that girls are over sexualize and that's a bad thing. You overly sexualize girls it makes no sense. It's like I. If I if if someone wants to prove that murderers beds, they got murderer a bunch of people to show how murderers bed. What are you talking about? This is such an easy. You know this is such an easy combination as the other amazing thing that this has become a right and left issue like the people like people on the right apparently are the only ones that care that these girls were are being sexually exploited. How in what world are we living in? That's? Well we're living in a world where Barack Obama's an executive. NETFLIX's okay. So I won't go that far but tomorrow night on the chat breakthrough show we we're going to do a very deep. Look into this issue because with net flicks, it's not just cuties. There's a number of documentaries as well as reality shows that are on their better featuring these young girls that are dancing their parts of these dance trip is another one dancing queen based at a mosquito Texas, where you have a transvestite who was on ru Paul's drag race who is the head of this competition dance troupe and teaches these these. In, it it really hyper sexualize is a lot of these young girls where they're yeah. Wearing their You know look I'm a dance dad I I've got I've got a daughter who's twenty one years old she's at a university on a dance scholarship, right? I'm a danced at understand I know the culture I know what's out there I understand how these parents operate I know where the way their mind works. But also the way the mind men work, and when you're putting that stuff out there you are hyper sexualizing a normalizing some things that really shouldn't be and at some point in time you can call me a puritan. If you want I'm not tell you. There's gotta be some some level of decency that remains in our culture or we are completely in trouble. And Jason you've worked closely. With these situations where people have been trafficked and things like that. What are your thoughts on this? That's bringing up some bad memories I, the girls, the same girls that are the the age that they are in cuties. I've been to parts of the world where they're on like basically a slave market. I personally said a tables lot smaller than this card table where they brought out and eleven year old girl dressed the exact same way. You couldn't pull her head off the table because they drug because we were hoping, we would buy her. Actually with that was most hardest thing I've ever had to do was walk away. From that. and not strangle the two traffickers and the other side It's it's almost like people don't think that that exists in this world they don't believe that exists. That anyone that is in that has been a part of that world of fighting sex trafficking fighting the exploitation of kids like that They know that they they've looked into the eyes of not the actors or actresses, but the actual children that have suffered over this and. It's going to me this crap is ebeling that to continue. Agree. That's why will never get another dollar for me for my family is for sure. All right we've got to break. We'll be right back. To my husband and said, pave seen this about this person. Do you remember the mcclosky family will agree in jury has indicted them with gun exhibiting charges and added a charge of tampering with evidence. they just indicted them on Tuesday and mccloskey's they. They became material for memes nationally when they waved guns in June black lives matter protesters they had trespassed into their private neighborhood on their way to protest at the mayor's home. mccloskey said that they feared for their lives and they reacted by protecting their property with their weapons we have a clip. We'll tell you this. What you're witnessing here in this case is just an opportunity for the government, the leftist Democrat government of the city of Saint Louis to persecute us for doing no more than exercising our second amendment rights. Every single human being who is in front of my house was a criminal trespass they broke down our gate, they trespassing our property, not a single one of. Those people is now charged with anything. We're charged with felonies it could cost us four years of our life in our licenses everybody out there. There's thinking about voting for Joe. Biden, the Harris Biden Administration. This is a sign of the times and things to come the government that views its task as protecting criminals from honest citizens rather than protecting citizens from criminals. Protecting honest citizens from criminals. Everyone of those people are criminal. There's no doubt about it. The government chooses to persecute us for doing no more than exercising a right to defend ourselves our home, our property and our family, and now we're getting to drug here time after time after time and for what we didn't fire a shot. People that were violently and at protesting in front of our house and screaming death threats and threats of rape and threats of arson. Nobody gets charged where we get charged. So their attorney said that indictments not a surprise, he's confident that they'll be exonerated on all charges and as you heard Mr mccloskey's eight nine protesters they were charged with trespassing over the incident, but the local officials refused to prosecute them so. What is the end goal here? I'm going to have a peaceful protest if they're if they're not exonerated I'm going to Saint Louis. We're going to have a peaceful protest. I mean, that's the logic. Right I've had people. I was reading people on twitter and you kind of have to chuckle to yourself justification as they say, what? In breakdown gate they break down the Neighborhood Gate Well, still they broke down a gate that come into this private community, an interest based on their property and mccloskey's not wrong about them. Shout out the threats. Rioting and destruction of property had already occurred in Saint Louis not too far from from where they lived everyone. There knew that this was a possibility they broke down that gate they should have been arrested right then but they weren't. then they threaten them, they threatened them. What everything he said was exactly true faith threaten them and all they protect their property. They didn't step out the grounds of their property they protected their property and that literally everything protected that they they did is protecting the constitution. Absolutely insane I, told there's a reason why people like George Soros are buying up as over the country's crap like this. They WANNA keep the actual criminals out on the streets causing chaos and they want to prosecute law-abiding citizen six what they WanNa do and it's not it's not a surprise. By a grand jury I th, that's not an actual like course. You know it's not like a few good men were you have the you know Tom Cruise over here and Kevin Bacon over here the defense is not invited to to to the indictment in the for in front of a grand jury. So it's completely political that right there tells you everything it's completely political wants this opens up and the you actually hear the case and it goes back and forth they're going to walk I I can almost guarantee you. They're going to walk because this is a sham it's Such a shame that a year of their lives. Is, just now going to be wasted on dealing with this nonsense people whose historic vote Democrat right if I understand it right they've historically voted Democrat and they're saying this is what you're GonNa get with a Biden Harris Presidency. Or Administration so that's interesting So what do we do to protect ourselves? Then if I mean if they're law abiding citizens, they could do to protect their home and yet they're still being indicted for it. What do we do? It's a good question. It really is. Let me let me just. To that I'm serving arrive in days we. First of all, one of the things is the appearance. They obviously don't know how to handle firearms. They don't know how to handle those kinds of things and it was a bad look fan in each other and you know the flag in each other and the way they were. But yet you've seen a lot of people who protected their business in the middle of these protests slash riots who are armed and yet they're not fanning it at people and aiming at people. and. You haven't had repercussions for that. One thing is education learn how to handle a firearm, learn how to train yourself. Or learn how to. Learn, get the training for yourself, and then you know educate yourself in a big way because appearances in a lot of ways look can be made to look especially with the way the media can twist things can make you look guilty. You know billboard said just guys you did it don't mean guilty. Another big problem is that a lot of the in lot of these communities the police they're not allowing the police to actually do their job right. So in this case was a little bit different but like I say the case of what what was the nineteen year old that shot in? HE I'll agree with him. He shouldn't have been there. He shouldn't have felt compelled to be there because the police should have been allowed to do their job. So we didn't have to but there's law-abiding citizens that no, this like no one's protect the. Police police are not being allowed to do their job. So someone has to that's what you're going to get I'm sorry that is what you're going to get people. I mean in my in my community if the police weren't doing their job and the local cafe was being threatened, I'd go stand post I think a lot of people would and there's I'm not doing anything wrong. I'm literally exercising my rights as an American. Friends with the two of you. Goes down and I I know. Because of grenades at my house. I we gotta get a break. We'll come back with our poll question today. The vice presidential debate is tonight. So reacting alive with you is a stellar blaze TV lineup with your favorite personalities Glenn Beck Steve Days. Dave. Rubin Alley Best Duckie. It's moderated by USA Today Washington Bureau Chief Susan page tonight. So be there at nine pm eastern time, and then later at ten thirty, pm Eastern time blaze to brings you the most pro America Conservative analysis that you won't see anywhere else. We've got Promo. Code. Debate, for twenty dollars off your annual subscription and if you aren't getting a member, you can catch it for free at YouTube dot com slash please TV. All right. So let's get to our poll question. From yesterday. I there was what is the most important issue in the upcoming election, the lockdowns coronavirus or the economy the economy was the big winner. There I. think that's about right at seventy one point one percent the question for today will you be watching the debate tonight? Yes or no gentlemen? If I didn't have to know because I work here. Yes. No I've been looking forward to this debate. I'm looking forward to this. Nice I won't tell. I can't wait. No. It'll be good bigger. Wonderful. Thanks for listening to the news white matters. We hope you enjoyed the podcast. If you'd like to watch the program, become a blaze TV subscriber and start your free trial now at blaze TV DOT COM.
NPR News: 05-21-2020 6PM ET
"Live from NPR news in Washington. I'm Windsor Johnston. President trump continues to push back against mail in voting ahead of the November election. Many states have put a stop to in person voting because of health concerns over the corona virus speaking to reporters outside of the White House today trump said he would support it in some cases. We don't want them to do mail in ballots. We don't want anyone to do balance balance now if somebody has to mail it in because they're sick or by the way because they live in the White House and they have voted Florida. They won't be in Florida if there's a reason for it that's okay. Trump has repeatedly without evidence that in voting leads to election fraud. The president voted by mail in Florida's Republican presidential primary in March. The Senate has voted along party. Lines to confirm Texas Congressman John Ratcliffe to become the country's next director of National Intelligence. Npr's Greg Meyer. Reports rackliff is an outspoken supporter of President. Trump. John Ratcliffe is the fourth director of National Intelligence in less than a year. The RATCLIFFE has limited experience in national security. He'll now oversee all seventeen. Us intelligence agencies. He takes over Edison's that moment. Us China tensions arising over the corona virus pandemic in many US officials are warning about renewed Russian attempts to interfere in the presidential election. This Fall Democrats strongly objected to ratcliffe describing him as a trump loyalist who lacks deep background in national security but the Republican majority in the Senate didn't need democratic support to confirm him Greg Marie. Npr News Washington that trump administration is asking planned parenthood affiliates around the country to return millions of dollars in emergency loans. Npr Sarah Cameron reports. The Small Business Administration says the organization has too many employees to qualify for a program to keep workers on payroll during the coronavirus pandemic in letters obtained by NPR. The SBA tells local planned parenthood affiliates. They're not eligible for the federal paycheck protection program planned. Parenthood officials say it's local affiliates not the larger National Organization applied for and received the funds. Jessica Abraham's is a government contract lawyer. She says the rules are unclear. They keep changing the rules right so entities that qualified three weeks ago may not qualify today. So it's not really that there's a lot of confusion A lot of concern according to the agency planned. Parenthood affiliates have applied for more than eighty million dollars in forgivable loans. Some Republican senators are calling for an investigation Sarah McCamman. Npr News Washington at the close on Wall Street. The Dow was down one hundred. One points this is. Npr News in Washington. Ohio says it's canceling its state fair to limit. Further spread of the coronavirus page Pfleger from Member Station W. O. S. U. reports. It's the first time the event has been canceled in more than seventy years. The Ohio State Fair is one of the largest in the country. Drawing nearly one million people to Columbus the event contributes millions of dollars to the economy and is a showcase for the state's Agriculture Industry Virgil strickler is the fares. General Manager. Hurts me for for cancelling. But it's the right thing to do. It's the thing that's gonNA protect all high winds. That would come to our fair and anybody else visitor was the last time the fair was canceled was during World War. Two the very first Ohio State Fair in eighteen forty nine was canceled due to a cholera outbreak for NPR news. I'm peach flavor in Columbus New York governor. Andrew Cuomo is residents to take extra precautions ahead of the Memorial Day weekend. The governor says state beaches will begin reopening on Friday but with restrictions in the coronavirus pandemic primarily fifty percent capacity and then social distancing on the beach no contact activities Asli Social distancing will be enforced. Cuomo also announced today that schools in New York state will be required to hold summer sessions online. He says it's still too early to determine whether schools and colleges can reopen in the fall this is NPR news.
NPR News: 05-19-2020 1PM ET
"Live from NPR news. I'm Lakshmi Singh. President trump is promising sixteen billion dollars in direct payments to farmers who lost a lot of money during the public health emergency in this country. Starting in one week they can begin applying for help available through the cares act during his remarks. Trump suggested that the United States ought to stop importing cattle. We have trade deals where we actually take in cattle and we have a lot of cattle in this country. And I think you should look at the possibility of terminating. Those trade deals now country's has been a great country and a great ally and a great friend. It's you know you have to do that. But there are some countries that are sending US cattle for many years and think we should look at Terminating US Agriculture Department Data. Show about two million had cattle were imported last year. One point three million from Canada the rest from Mexico in other assistance trump also wrote recommitted rather to buying an additional three billion dollars worth of supplies for food banks on a slim margin the Senate Intelligence Committee is approving Cairo John Ratcliffe nomination to serve as the next director of national intelligence the full. Gop led Senate is widely expected to confirm the lawmaker from Texas is NPR's Greg Murray reports Republican John. Ratcliffe is one of the most outspoken supporters of president trump in Congress and has limited experience in dealing with the intelligence community but in a party line. Vote the Senate. Intelligence Committee voted to seven in favor of his nomination. Democrats have strongly objected to Ratcliffe saying the director of national intelligence should be someone who's nonpartisan and has a deep background in national security however the Republican majority in the Senate can confirm Ratcliffe without any help from Democrats. The full Senate vote is expected. Soon Greg Murray. Npr News Washington the World Health Organization's member states are supporting a resolution to investigate the. Who's role in the worldwide response to the current virus pandemic Joanna Kakissis reports the European Union sponsored the resolution which also calls for scientific and independent inquiry into the origins of the pandemic the European Union initiated resolution. In parts of the world can recognize a Kobe vaccine as a global public good European Commission President Ursula Fonder Line told. Who delegates via video link that she wants to see solidarity? This is the time for all humanity to rally around a common cause and you can count on Europe to always play for the team. China co-sponsored the resolution at the last minute and that assured its passage the US signed onto saying the resolution takes the first critical steps to ensuring an international system capable of responding to the next pandemic for NPR news. I'm Joanna Kakissis. You're listening to. Npr News the United Nations Special Rapporteur for the rights of indigenous. People is sounding the alarm about the pandemics impact on indigenous communities mighty Martin reports. You went expert. Jose Francisco Cadiz sizes poverty higher rates malnutrition and lack of access to clean water and adequate medical services rendered the indigenous more vulnerable to Cova nineteen. His statements come just just rural Maya communities and Khalid Sites Native Wata Mala have begun to report more corona virus cases would cover the bill in the Soution Maya Community of some deck with land a volunteer firemen. This week call for calm and for people to help build shelter to quarantine returning migrants deported from the US many of whom have come back infected with covert nineteen for NPR news. A Muddy Martin. Dozens of homes north of Phoenix are evacuated because of a wildfire that authorities suspect was human caused. It's burning through brush and desert vegetation so far though no homes have been burned but yesterday. The fire reportedly got uncomfortably close after quadrupling in size fire personnel reported to have roughly fifty percent containment of the fires perimeter. Us Oxford makes this hour. The Dow Jones Industrial Average is down ninety two points at last glance at twenty four thousand five hundred three the S&P down slightly. Twenty nine fifty. Two the Nasdaq is up. Fifty three points or more than half a percent at ninety two eighty nine this is NPR news.
Podcast: Departure of Dan Coats Signals New Direction for Intelligence Agencies Heading into 2020 2019-07-30
"The takeaway is supported by net suite by Oracle the business management software and the world's number one cloud business system right now nets is offering valuable insights with a free free guide seven key strategies to grow your profits at net sweet dot com slash takeaway. That's not sweet dot com slash takeaway. It's the takeaway for July thirtieth and other cabinet position could go from Republican establishment to trump loyalist list. That's undeniable that the Russians are taking the lead on this. They're the ones that are trying to wreck havoc over the election process. We need to call them amount on that want to find out if Russia interfered with our election by providing false information about a trump conspiracy that you determine airman didn't exist the legacy of outgoing National Intelligence Director Dan Coats and a look at his possible replacement Republican John Ratcliffe also on the show police departments are working to end the stigma of asking for help with mental health. Push culture is a strong culture. If you come forward with a mental health problem you might be perceived as being weak and we're talking to you about it. I would not in the army and the training videos alone took effect domestic disturbance. It called on faith card okay. Let's get started. I'm here to say EH warning lights. Blinking Red Again Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats is is set to step down from his post next month during his tenure coats repeatedly emphasized the security threats that foreign governments including Russia and China pose to the United it states and our election systems. Here's code speaking with N._B._C.'s entry Mitchell last July. It's undeniable that the Russians are taking the lead on this <hes> basically they are the ones that are trying to undermine our basic values divide us <hes> with our allies. They're the ones ones that are trying to wreck havoc over there election process. We need to call them out on that. Trump's pick to replace coats is Republican Representative John Ratcliffe of Texas during Robert Muller's Capitol Hill testimony last week Ratcliffe acknowledged Russian influence in the two thousand sixteen election but instead chose to focus on opposition research obtained in by Christopher Steele for the Hillary Clinton campaign. I very much agree with your determination that rougher Russia's efforts were sweeping and systematic. I think it should concern every American Erkin. That's why I want to know just how sweeping and systematic those efforts were. I want to find out if Russia interfered with our election by providing and also information through sources to Christopher Steele about trump conspiracy that you determine didn't exist the ratcliff nomination it comes at a crucial moment for our national security with the two thousand twenty election on the horizon an issue that Robert Mueller has repeatedly emphasized since the publication of his report in April role. Let me say one more thing over the course of my career. I have seen a number of challenges to our democracy. The Russian government's effort to interfere in our election is among the most serious. The nomination is also concerned. Some politicians and intelligence officials that U._S.. Intelligence agencies will be less independent pendant under a director who may prioritize the interests of a president over pressing national security threats was in the months prior to September two thousand one when according to then C._I._A.. Director George Tenet the system was blinking red then here we are nearly two decades later and I'm here to say the morning lights are blinking red again. I'm Tansy Vega and that's where we start today on takeaway. What's next for the intelligence community under president trump? Natasha Bertrand here to help us out. She's national security correspondent for politico. Thanks for being with us. Natasha thank you so much. Also is David Pre CEO of the National Security Organization Law Fair and author of the book the President's book of Secrets David also served in the C._I._A.. Under Presidents Clinton and George W Bush thanks for being with US David Cartons enough so David. Let's start with you. The National Intelligence Director position itself was created in the aftermath of September eleventh. Remind us why that was the catalyst the idea was that the intelligence community had been doing a relatively good job on different aspects of the threat that became nine eleven and but that the agencies weren't really talking to each other. They weren't coordinating their efforts. The concept was that having some kind of Uber Manager the Director Director of National Intelligence would help break down those walls between agencies to ensure that information coming into the U._S.. Government through one channel was being communicated to relevant other departments and agencies addressing cross cutting issues so the D._N._a. was created to do that and also eventually you to do things like manage the overall budget of the intelligence community to engage with stakeholders and things of that sort so Natasha. What were Dan Coats what's his main priorities during his tenure as director of National Intelligence Yeah so one of the biggest threats that he saw aw to American democracy into the safety and security of the United States was <hes> you know potential hacking intentional interference <hes> <hes> with our election infrastructure and so that's why he said you know that famous quote about the lights are blinking red again because he saw <hes> evidence that not only Russia at other foreign adversaries were trying to meddle with our elections in terms of the actual you know digital infrastructure that we have in this country so what he did was he right before he left he appointed an election security czar named Shelby Pearson to oversee efforts in this area across intelligence agencies and she is actually the first person to have that role so that's kind of evidence of how seriously he took this David pivoting back to you for a second you've interviewed several former directors of National Sean Intelligence for research into your book? Tell us how those previous directors have viewed the position sure the denies or the director. There's of national intelligence all came into the job up to this point with significant experience using intelligence in some cases from a military background around in some cases from a diplomatic background and in the case of the incumbent Dan Coats primarily from his work on the Senate Select Committee on intelligence when he was a senator as well as when he was ambassador to Germany Act that there were already people running each of the intelligence agencies and coming in as in effect the boss of those people could create some tensions tensions and those came out most dramatically with Dennis Blair deny from two thousand nine to twenty ten who clashed with C._I._A.. Director Leon Panetta over who got to name name intelligence representatives overseas so there is an inherent tension there but all of them saw their job as trying to manage the intelligence community not to play a political typical role and David. I want to <hes> you mentioned the inherent tension between the D._N._A.. And other <hes> top officials in the intelligence agencies themselves will what about tensions between the director of National Intelligence and the President <hes> we know that I'm wondering if you can assess a little bit <hes> the relationship between Dan Coats and and president trump for example the background to this is that tension between intelligence leadership and the president is not a bad thing in fact a president who pushes back against intelligence assessments who wants more information who wants to hear about alternative explanations for the limited information. We're able to collect act. That's all a good thing that's a sign of an engaged president who understands the limits of intelligence and prods his intelligence community to do more the difference difference is when a president makes those objections public or undercuts his own intelligence community which can undermine the ability to recruit spies. It can't undermine undermine the ability to put the information together in the case of Dan Coats. We have only a few snapshots and then a whole lot of interpretation around those snapshots. We've only a few snapshots about the tensions between the D._N._A.. And the president the most public one of course is on the issue of Russia. The president publicly has said he just doesn't buy a lot of the intelligence that he's getting on Russia. He just chooses not to believe it and he expresses that publicly which puts Dan Coats in a very tough position but instead of giving in what Dan Coats has done is he has continued to put out assessments that repeat Russia interfered in the two thousand sixteen election shen. They're going to try to do it again. He has not backed down from the judgements that his intelligence analyst came up with. He's continued to push that message forward even even if the president does not want to hear it so Natasha looking now at the nominee John Ratcliffe at who president trump has selected to replace Dan Coats. It's what do we know what national security experience will ratcliffe be bringing to this position and I guess the follow up to that would be <hes> he is seen to <hes> have have a quite a close relationship to the president in terms of his loyalties to the president. How could that impact a potential <hes> deny position yes yeah so he has very little national security experience and no intelligence experience aside from sitting for a few months on the House Intelligence Committee? He's been in Congress is for a third term now. He was chief of the anti-terrorism National Security Division for the Eastern District of Texas but he actually there's no evidence that he actually ever prosecuted a terrorism terrorism case in that role <hes> and he also served as the U._S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Texas for about two years <hes> so he comes into this position potentially potentially if he gets confirmed with vastly fewer roles in intelligence and national security than we've seen other directors of national intelligence agents have in the past to put it mildly and he's also virtually unknown among the very senators that would approve that would confirm him <hes> we we go. We talked to a number of senators yesterday who said that they had never really talked to him. They had never heard of him before his performance last week. At the Muller hearing <hes> a few said they'd I'd seen him on T._v.. But that they really familiar with his work so this is going to be he's facing a lot of headwinds going into this confirmation battle. If it even gets that far because at this this point we're seeing that there have been some major contradictions in what he's put on his website about his national security experience and what is actually the truth about that experience variance so <hes> the the real chief qualification he seems to have in terms of of how the White House season is that he's loyal to the president and he's kind of proven that over the last couple months that he's been on T._v.. Kind of slamming the Russia investigation and criticizing <hes> special counsel Robert Muller <hes> again again we saw that last week where he kind of went on the offensive and and really put me in a corner with regard to the obstruction of justice questions so he is. He's a we still art art very confident that he's going to even get to the confirmation process just because of the number of controversies that have come out already about him in the last forty eight hours but if he does. It's probably probably going to be pretty hard for him to even get out of the committee Russia. Even if it's not rackliff I mean I'm wondering given the the repeated concerns that not just Robert Muller but others in in in Congress and beyond have said have stated about our election security going into twenty twenty. Do you see it possible that the intelligence agencies will individually decide to to pursue their own lines of inquiry beyond the deny who may or may not be they may or may not have confidence in with regard a two election security. You mean yes yeah. I think it's it's possible on because one of the things coats did after he left <hes> before before he left was <hes> he he directed the Intel agencies to actually point executives to coordinate election security that was one of his biggest priorities and it's obviously one of the areas where you know things were most hands between him and the president because the presidency's any questioning of potential tax on election infrastructure and the Russian interference as a question about his own <hes> legitimacy as president resident and so I think that you know in coordination with the Department of Homeland Security State and local election officials as well as with the F._B._i.. And the Intel Community Commute Intel agencies that are responsible for monitoring <hes> foreign hacking activity and foreign potential foreign interference in the election we will see kind of the beginnings beginnings of a whole of government approach to this but of course we can't have that really in practice <hes> unless the president is leaning from the top on this and and that's something obviously that we haven't seen Natasha Bertrand is national security correspondent for Politico and David Preece is with the Security Organization Amo please suicides over the years. We've looked at data on on police suicides over the last twenty to thirty years and on average <hes> about one hundred police officers per year kill themselves but what we're seeing in New York City and what we've seen in Chicago is rather unusual. I think a lot has to do with Roy Societies today. I think there's a lot of conflict going on a lot of negative aspirations torch police officers making the job of course more difficult I think officers feel isolated they feel unappreciated and and they're starting to run out of the ability to cope with the adversity they she every day what other cities are struggling with this and is it limited to the United States well of course Chicago Chicago again high crime in Chicago a lot of homicides a lot of adversity a lot of trauma San Francisco Dallas <hes> it is not just a United States problem. We've looked at suicide and France the police suicide rate in Francis High. A police suicide rate in Germany is high the police suicide and sought <hes> South Africa is high. It seems that every country that the researchers looked <hes> police officers have a higher suicide rate in general working population and that's true and United States as well John have we seen <hes> historically stoorikhel at least in the twenty first twentieth century were there have there been other moments where these clusters of officers dying by suicide have it cropped up. Yeah we are looking back at our data back in <hes> the last part of the nineteen sixties we saw we saw peak and flew suicides and that kind of reminded me the conflict of the way society was back in the late sixties and all of the unrest in our country country kind of parallel to what we're seeing today in the United States. You know a lot of unrest a lot of conflict so I think that has something to do with that. <hes> uh when you isolate people from society as police officers are studying to feel the sense of belonging -Ness of being part of society mix one more susceptible to depression a few weeks ago <hes> my colleague W._n._Y._C. host. Jamie Floyd spoke with <hes> N._y._p._d.. Commissioner owner James O'Neill about new efforts that the New York City Police Department is making to get its police officers help <hes> O'Neill said that one of the big problems terms and we've heard this on many levels in policing is there's a culture of silence when it comes to accessing and talking about mental health. Let's take a listen to clip sometimes in in law enforcement and policing it takes a while to <hes> to change but this is something that needs to change immediately <hes> this is our duty. This is our responsibility ability. Why does this stigma exist? In within the police community John well help us to come from the top down and <hes> <hes>. I think the Commissioner has done a good thing by doing this. That stigma is well versed throughout the police culture culture. The police culture is a strong culture. If you come forward with a mental health problem you might be perceived as being being weak so if I'm told as a police officer that I should never be week. I always should be strong. Nothing should ever bother me. I'm not GONNA come forward. When I start start feeling emotions about the horrible things I've seen on the street so officers bury it? They lack it up inside and eventually it comes <music> out what what we need to do is to reduce the stigma associated with mental health to train police officers especially at the recruit level when they first come into the police academy to understand that having a mental health difficulty is very much the same Ramos having a broken arm <hes>. It's very important to inoculate <hes> I like to use the word inoculate to inoculate young police recruits about this. It's very important to train supervisors to understand the aspects of mental health to understand the size of suicide signs signs of depression and our officers training trainees central here. Isn't there also a fear though that <hes> beyond the stigma isn't there also a fear that what the officer could lose their job and that the officer could have their <hes> firearm taken from them. Doesn't that also play a role in this it does yeah in fear is greater than logic. If I come forward with a with a problem. I'm not going to get promoted or my my fellow. Officers are not gonNa Trust me or my supervisors will not trust me. <hes> I'll be called crazy. It'll be scapegoated. <hes> that's a real fair in this culture we need to increase the trust between police administration and that officer that works out in the street that that takes a lot of doing you know because a lot of police officers don't trust the Administration so commissioner Neil comes forward and he says these things that's important. That's that's important to to to build that trust if we don't have that the still going to hide and they're still going to suffer and are still going to die bye Bye Social University of Buffalo Professor John Vigilante. Thanks for joining us. We've been asking our listeners who are first responders how they deal with Trauma Brennan from Darwin. I had friends in Chicago that were firefighters may drink the forget the events of so called bad days. This was stressful in their marriages and some ended up leading to divorce. This is Matt Saint Saint Petersburg Florida. I was an e._M._t.. Trainers for fifteen years and I've been diagnosed with P._T._S._d.. Primarily stemming from me around this case child abuse that I was the primary primary trumpeters for I've seen depression sleep disturbances anxiety substance abuse and many of my colleagues endemic throughout especially hi this is Charlie from Merritt Island Florida. I would not police in the army and the training videos alone what to expect them. Domestic disturbance calls on Bass left guard. We were told these common D._D.. Call I still see those images in my mind. My training was in nineteen ninety one. I never really had to deal with that kind of violence after graduation. I feel like that's why we we have picked trigger. Happy cops now beat it into their heads that everyone is a criminal is definitely nine. Eleven now we continue our conversation conversation about suicide among law enforcement and first responders and just to note this segment mentions a suicide attempt marked Abban joins me now he's a retired hired sergeant who spent his career as a police officer and L. Health <hes> were there specific ish incidences that really stood with you well earlier my career <hes> I I saw a <hes> very horrific crime scene gene birth family was <hes> was killed three people in a family murdered and <hes> it really took me back a little bit being being a younger coffee in twenty one twenty two years old and I said something to <hes> one of my co workers and he said to me. You just need to toughen up. This isn't really no big deal. Go home have a beer and we're going back to work tomorrow and I thought that was Kinda. I want to show any sign of weakness or anything like that but which really bothered me that family laying on the floor <hes> on a homicide scene and then during my career A._M.. Spent some time at the world trade centers after they go hits <hes> I was up there about five days after it hit I volunteer two weeks up there and a and just see the devastation which was brought on by the by the terrorist attacks and to see the Howard affected the first responders such as <hes> when when I was in New York City at the at the side of the child I could smell you can smell burned flesh and it's something that really stuck with me when I returned back to Florida and seeing lean how <hes> the first responders were so frustrated that they couldn't save their to save you know help the public health your co workers and started developing nightmares from that mark. Had anyone prepared you for that for what you were about to to encounter as a police officer had anyone <hes> helped you to sort of understand understand what you were going to deal with or you just kind of dealt with it as it came. It was a case by case scenario. We had no formal training whatsoever. <hes> like I said earlier we we ever brushing law enforcement choir practice after work you have a couple of years with the guys and girls you work with and that's your sense of therapy. <hes> which obviously drinking is not a good healthy coping skill. Now you said you started to have nightmares after being down on nine eleven but what other ways did the trauma <hes> affect your career and even your life outside of the police department it would I went to calls then involved. <hes> <hes> death death it just seemed like death was around all the time from seeing the horrific events at nine eleven and then going back to war to my regular duties such as going to car crashes <hes> homicide scene suicide seems natural death scenes it <hes> it just seemed like death was like surrounding me and it it just really started taking a toll on me and then <hes> towards as my career progressed <hes> I started <hes> I I worked for new supervisor and <hes> the only word I can I I can say is you start bullying the <hes> and I started stealing week and in law enforcement we can't show any type of weakness because we're in fear that <hes> show show weakness we may be reassigned to a non enforcement physician or don't WanNa work with us or just the ridicule in the embarrassment that goes with it at any point mark. Had you tried to ask someone for help. Did you think that it was getting so bad that you needed some. Some sort of help got to the point where <hes> when I when I worked for the the bully supervisor that <hes> I I had a lot of weight I developed a weight gain. I gained a almost almost fifty pounds and I became very irritable and I'm a very outgoing personality very I like to joke around. I like to laugh that lead to marriage average problems. My wife kept telling me <hes> listen. You're not what used to be personality wise in in. You need to get some help my introduction my wife was during you're not you're not a cop. You don't get this and I refuse to get help <hes> because again cause the embarrassment in the stigma that goes with it. Did you ultimately get the help that you needed whether whether it was during your career or after your career did you ever realize. Did you ever have to the opportunity to sit down with the therapist or anything like that. I did <hes> what happened. Was this job related stress the bullying and the horrific events I've seen through my career <hes> Ledesma suicide attempts and <hes> that really opened my eyes that <hes> while I started literally put the gun in my mouth in wasn't I was GonNa die via suicide and fortunately I called a friend of mine co worker from where I used to work with in Massachusetts and he led me to get some help when you hear about I'm very sorry to hear that you went through that. That's that's terrible and and there are colleagues of yours around the country and here in New York <hes> who were dealing with similar issues when you hear about these <hes> officers who are dying by suicide. What do you want to to tell the police departments to do differently that that could probably help them well? Last year. We lost one hundred sixty seven officers who died by like suicide and that's just absolutely horrific right now. We're at one hundred eleven this year <hes> we we would I wanNA do is I want to tell these agencies that you can't put a price in somebody's head we ah the agencies by officers bulletproof vest guns Tasers Mace in they say go protect yourself with that but there's very little little training when it comes to protect checking self mentally and the things I hear quite a bit from administrators is we don't have. We don't have the money in our budget for something like that again. You can't put your price. You can't put pricing when somebody's wellbeing <hes> when it comes to mental health because eventually it's going to these people are going to be beat down down down and you've got to find the money in your budget legit and you've got to find the time and the resources and <hes> people that are trained for people that have a personal connection like myself to mental health willingness mark. There are probably officers that are struggling right now. <hes> is there something that you want to say to them. Absolutely well. I WANNA say to my brothers and sisters is this. It's okay not to be okay. When you start recognizing that you'll going downhill mentally <hes> like this when you have to go to a dentist and it gets fixed but would you find yourself decline in mentally <hes> through depression or P._t._S._d.? Or whatever mental health illness that your experience variance. It's okay to get help you. Just it's that by getting help is getting help and you've got you've got to put your mental health. Just as important as physical health you gotta put aside possibly the ridicule or embarrassment or something like that a healthy mind is a healthy person mark. Thank you so much marked Obama is a retired sergeant
Trumps nominee to replace Dan Coats heightens fears that he is playing politics with intelligence
"<music> good morning. I'm James Holman from the Washington Post and this is the daily to Oh to for Monday. July in today's news three are dead in California after a shooting at the Gilroy Garlic Erlich Festival the Senate is not allowing a full bird colonel to testify about her allegations of sexual assault against a general who is up for a big promotion and president trump playing hardball with Guatemala is plunging changing that country's young democracy into a constitutional crisis but first the big idea director of National Intelligence. Dan Coats will leave his position next month and president trump announced Sunday that he will nominate Congressman John Ratcliffe the Republican from Texas as his replacement coats a former Indiana Republican senator and ambassador to Germany was often at odds with trump over the wisdom of negotiating with Russia the status of Iran's nuclear weapons bins program and the severity of foreign threats to the U._S.. Elections Ratcliffe a third termer who sits on the House judiciary and intelligence committees has made his name in Congress. One of the G._O._P.'s most dogged critics of perceived anti-trump trump <laughter> bias inside the F._B._I.. And in the special counsel's investigation Ratcliffe will probably get confirmed by a Republican controlled Senate that seems afraid to challenge trump but the appointment of an outspoken partisan loyalist raises a litany of legitimate questions. About the president's politicization of intelligence community Radcliffe launched perhaps the most spirited defense of trump during last Wednesday's Bob Muller hearings criticizing the former special counsel providing evidence of the ten episodes in which trump possibly obstructed justice when he never intended to decide whether the president had committed a crime or prosecute him because of the office of Legal Counsel Opinion Trump's announcement that ratcliff we'll get this big job came just a few hours after the congressman went on Fox New Sunday to defend the president at length and attack the Miller report vigorously as an untrustworthy document written by Liberals Miller is a Republican for months coats had recognized that his relationship with trump which was never strong to begin with had frayed beyond repair coats felt increasingly isolated and was excluded from important national security decision making meetings Ratcliffe who has the president's confidence in ear has no background in intelligence though he did serve for a brief time as a terrorism prosecutor and then U._S. Attorney in the Eastern District of Texas when George W Bush was president he also served as the mayor of Heath Texas a town of about nine thousand outside Dallas Trump has repeatedly blasted the intelligence since agencies is having tried to undermine his election and has without evidence accused former senior intelligence officials from the Obama Administration of illegally spying on him ratcliffe echoed these allegations during his Fox News appearance on Sunday. He said that it appears to him quote that there were crimes committed during the Obama Administration but he declined to identify anyone by name other Ratcliffe allies say that he intends to clean house once he gets into the intelligence community. Last year Ratcliffe name was floated as a possible replacement for former Attorney General Jeff sessions but bill bar got the job instead because some in the White House felt that ratcliff lack the experience necessary to be the nation's chief law enforcement officer now he'll be the chief intelligence officer the fifty-three-year-old represents the seventh most Republican district in the country and that's the big idea here are three other headlines that should be on your radar number. One three people people are dead and at least fifteen are injured after a shooting Sunday evening at the annual garlic festival in Gilroy California one gunman was killed by officers at the scene within a minute of opening fire and the Gilroy police chief said in an early morning news conference that the cops we're still searching for a possible second suspect. Although it's unclear if that person also fired on the crowd or assisted the shooter the first reports of gunshots came in around five forty one PM local time just as the event which draws tens of thousands of people every year was wrapping up its its third and final day police say they don't know yet what the shooter's motive was. They say he had an assault style rifle and then he entered the festival by cutting through a perimeter fence. Among the dead is a six year old boy named <unk> Stephen Romero his mother and grandmother were also injured in the shooting. Julia contraire us and her boyfriend Mario Camargo were Browsing Food Tent when they Solomon and a military style outfit emerged from a nearby access S. Road and start shooting left to right and right to left control has told the post in a phone interview overnight that she and her boyfriend ran in different directions each taking shelter behind tents with crying children and frantic parents. Some people froze. Rose and other sprinted some appeared to play dead once they heard the gunfire stopped controllers in Camargo each made a run for the entrance eventually reuniting in the parking lot camargo said he saw two wounded people as he fled contreras. <unk> said there was one moment she couldn't stop thinking about even hours after the incident when the gunfire broke out she looked in the direction of the gunman and saw children fleeing an inflatable slide all trying to squeeze through over the same tiny exit. She said she's Never GonNa Forget that image and neither should we number two trump's nominee to be vice chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General John Heighten is facing a confirmation hearing tomorrow that will force senators on the Armed Services Committee to decide whether they believe in army colonels charges that he sexually assaulted her while she was under his command he categorically denies all all accusations of wrongdoing colonel. Catherine SPLETTSTOEZAR has accused heighten WHO's currently responsible for our country's nuclear arsenal as the head of the U._S.. Strategic Command of making unwanted sexual contact with her on several occasions in two thousand seventeen while the two were travelling for Work Republicans on the Senate Armed Services Committee along with some Democrats who know the general have said they're wary of taking her uncorroborated word over his denials he is they say a decorated rated four star who was well liked by other powerful and high-ranking colleagues. The Air Force's Office of Special Investigations looked into splits does allegations but they said they couldn't substantiate her. Claims Splettstoezar said that the committee led. <unk> by Senator Jim inhofe the Republican from Oklahoma has denied her request to speak at the public hearing about multiple episodes of sexual assault splits does public remarks would probably near much of what she's told the panel in private and alleged in a lengthy Washington Post interview if splits toasters account is correct it would mean that heightened committed a crime but if she is lying as an active duty service member she will have committed a crime for which she could be court martialed former Air Force Secretary Heather Wilson whose briefed on investigator's findings before leaving her position earlier this year said in an interview last night that the air force left no stone unturned in its investigation and that the Senate has been thorough as well based on in what she knows Wilson a former Republican congresswoman from New Mexico says she believes heighten is being falsely accused number three in pressuring Guatemala to accept a deal to absorb vast numbers of asylum seekers the trump administration has embarked on a dramatic and risky strategy to slash the number of Central Americans flooding the U._S. border the accord which was negotiated in secret inside at the White House late Friday is plunging Guatemala's young democracy into a constitutional crisis. It's also saddling one of the hemisphere's poorest countries with tens of thousands of Salvadoran and Honduran migrants who would under the new agreement be barred for making their claims in the United States. This is one one of the boldest steps taken yet by trump to stanch the flow of migrants to the border and it aims to close off the U._S.. Asylum System to the migrants who've crossed through Guatemala from the Northern Triangle in route to the southern border instead. They'll have to wait and seek protection in Guatemala. Aw but the agreement is built on a really fragile political and legal base the Guatemalan Constitutional Court ruled earlier this month the President Jimmy Morales needs approval from the Guatemalan Congress to sign the accord something he is not received in would not receive some analysts say Morales could get around the ruling with his argument that the deal is simply cooperation agreement not a treaty others note that Morales has at times shrugged off court rulings that he dislikes Guatemala Tesla is set to hold a run-off presidential election on August eleventh and both of the final candidates have criticized morale negotiations and his agreement to the broad accord while the next Guatemalan government could cancel the deal with trump. It would face intense pressure not to do so the agreement is also likely to be challenged in U._S.. Courts by opponents who say Guatemala doesn't qualify under the law as a quote safe country which is a requirement because of high levels of Violence Morales who finishes his for your single term. January is highly unpopular. Guatemalans were startled by a widely published photo this weekend showing a top minister signing. The agreement is trump trump loomed over his shoulder an image suggesting the central troll American countries submission to the United States on Saturday hundreds of people demonstrated in front of the Presidential Palace Guatemala City to protest this new deal and Guatemalan analysts are suggesting that Morales made the deal with the United States in <unk> hopes of winning support from the American Government Morales faces serious allegations of financial crimes related his twenty fifteen electoral campaign but he is shielded for now by presidential immunity. He loses that in January he says.
NPR News: 08-02-2019 10PM ET
"Support Comes from our twenty nineteen lead sponsor of how I build this campaign monitor in email marketing platform with mobile friendly email templates dragon drop email L. Builder in customs support seven days a week more it campaign monitor dot com make your emails unforgettable live from N._p._R.. News News in Washington. I'm Jack Speer a corner in Santa. Clara County California says the gunman in this week's deadly shooting at a garlic festival double died by suicide in Beers Nathan Rot reports. That's at odds with earlier accounts which indicated he was killed by local police police in Gilroy California say they engaged gauged the gunman in last Sunday's shooting within a minute of the start of his attack. The gunman fired back. Here's Gilroy police chief Scott Smith at a press conference Prince Friday afternoon highs by the wrath rousers fire which was down but Smith says it appears now following report by the county medical examiner that the gunman while down also shut himself causing his death. The clarification comes as authorities are still trying to work The shooting which left three people dead and thirteen others wounded Nathan N._p._R.. News Pedro Pierluisi is the new governor of Puerto Rico sworn in a short time ago. Oh after Ricardo rose CEO stepped down as promised an email from his office rose CEO saying that Pierluisi does not require confirmation from both houses of the territory's legislature because he was named secretary of state row CEO was forced to step down amid mass protests over corruption is chosen successor is widely expected interface similar protests and possibly illegal challenge a bottled water company in Massachusetts that was found to be selling tainted water shutting down as Gabriella Umbrella Emmanuel of W. G. B. H.. Boston reports the water had elevated levels of chemicals known as P. Fas- that have been linked to numerous health problems a month ago. Massachusetts officials warned get that infants as well as pregnant and breastfeeding women should not drink bottled spring water from the Spring Hill Water company. The state did not order the product pulled from shelves the last week media outlets reported the contaminated water was being sold across New England under various brand names. The company says in a statement that while it's fixed the the problem the adverse media coverage the potential for For N._P._R.. News I'm Gabriella Manual in Boston. President trump now says representative John Ratcliffe will not be his nominee to be the next director of intelligence making the announcement trump blaming unflattering news coverage and sang he'll soon announce another nominee to oversee the nation seventeen U._S. civilian and military and intelligence agencies ratcliff had come under fire for lack of experience for position and possible exaggerations in his resume trump loyalist who served for six months and the House Intelligence Committee ratcliff ratcliff confirmed as withdrawn his name from consideration replaced. Dan Coats stocks paired some of their earlier losses. Though the market ended the week sharply lower the Dow was down Ninety Eight points points today twenty six thousand forty five Nasdaq by one hundred seven points. This is N._p._R.. In Brooklyn Today on B. Singer Ark Kelly pleaded not guilty to five federal criminal charges brought against him by the Eastern District of New York Beers styles IUS Lucas Two decades Kelly has already pleaded not guilty to the thirteen federal charges in Illinois. The New York charges include one count racketeering and for charges urges of sex trafficking. The New York indictment refers to five alleged victims including three girls in denying bail the judge call the charges quote incredibly incredibly serious he also said that he was quote extremely troubled that some of the current federal allegations include obstructing justice during the two thousand eight criminal trial at which he was acquitted on a says he had syllabus N._p._R.. News New York A. New Study finds. It's not just young adults who binge drink. That's having more more than five drinks for men and four drinks for women at least once in the past month in a new nationally representative survey polled nearly eleven thousand people eleven percent of adults sixty five and older also reported binge drinking the data showed levels of drinking more common among men smokers drug users and people with chronic health or mental illness problems problems researchers say it's nowhere because older Americans are more vulnerable to health effects from drinking because of health problems or medicines they take oil closed up a dollar and seventy. Many one cents a barrel to fifty five sixty six a barrel
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
"From Washington D. C. This is Westwood. One Daily News Four may sixth twenty. Twenty I'm John Trout. President trump is making himself exhibit A. In his determination to move past the corona virus crisis correspondent Bob Costantini reports from Phoenix Arizona. Where he traveled with the president to visit a plant making respirator masks. As president trump was flying to phoenix were leaked out of the White House that the Corona Virus Task Force was going to scale back. Its meetings and so. He was peppered with questions upon arrival. Say Get the advice that you need. We have great advice. We have great people. We have great people. Yeah we have great doctors. We have Great Medical People Laboratory. People you leave Isis documents statute dot the basically. Oh sure yeah they will be. And and so we'll other doctors and so other experts in the field burks and found. She poll much higher in believability regarding coping nineteen and the president but they have been excluded from a number of events related to the pandemic for more than a week the president's desire to get out of Washington which aides say. We'LL HAVE HIM TRAVELING. More to highlight manufacturing conversions. Such as the honeywell. Plantier churning out. Surgical masks is matched by his zeal. To get the country back into business with states relaxing restrictions. President trump tells. Abc News. There will be a balance between economic gain. Increased lives lost. It's possible there will be some because you won't be locked into an apartment or or a house or whatever it is but at the same time we're going to practice social distancing. We're going to be watching hands. We're going to be doing a lot of the things that we've learned to do over the last period of time and we have to get our country back. The trip was for the president to see how Empty Honeywell plan. Space had been turned to sewing surgical masks with company. Employees who've been brought back from Furlough Arizona Governor Doug Ducey greeted the president on the tarmac. Here is opening his State. In a way the president would like residents are only encouraged to social distance. Wear Masks Bob. Costantini with the President Phoenix President trump once again cast doubts on whether he would support aid for states and cities hit hard by corona virus leaders in those states slammed the president for turning the deadly virus into a partisan issue. Some comments president trump made during an interview with the New York. Post didn't land well with New York's governor and the Mayor President United States a former New Yorker who seems to enjoy stabbing his hometown in the back talking about no bail out for New York. What kind of human being sees the suffering here and decide? The people in New York City don't deserve help build the BLASIO chastised president trump for turning rotavirus aid into a partisan issue by saying it wouldn't be fair for Republicans to bail out states and cities run by Democrats. He says he's not inclined to do bailouts. He's a pure hypocrite given how much money he's put in the hands of the corporations and the wealthy already. The mayor said the only thing New Yorkers are asking for is some respect. We didn't ask for. This disease came from far away but it has knocked us back no fault of our own and yet we have fought back. All we want is respect and support governor. Andrew Cuomo took exception to the president calling these requests for funds bailouts. New York's governor said. The partisan language is mischaracterizing the situation. If you starve the states how do you expect the states to be able to fund this entire reopening plan was the governors are in charge but the states are in dire financial circumstances because our economy suffered when all the businesses shut down? He said of New York and other hard hit states can't function they cannot restart their economies and the federal revenue will suffer because of the corona virus. This nation has been impacted. States have been impacted because the states make up the nation and we need financial help because of the corona virus situation Cuomo said the need for funding in New York should not be taken lightly. Steve Kastenbaum New York president trump's nominee to be the next director of National Intelligence faces an odd confirmation hearing correspondent. Linda Kenyon has the story my the here in order. This hearing will be a little bit different. It is perhaps the first congressional hearing held during the extenuating circumstances of the pandemic. That's Richard Burr. The Chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee opened the hearing for Texas Congressman. John Ratcliffe Sang. Senators would take part on a rotating basis. We have asked members to watch as much of the hearings as they can from their offices. Only coming into the hearing room to ask questions. Congressman Ratcliffe a conservative Republican with a reputation as a trump loyalist. Who made his mark during the impeachment hearings and the Russia probe faced almost immediate scrutiny from Senator Mark Warner the top Democrat on the committee after. Say That while I'm willing to give you the benefit of the doubt during this hearing. I don't see what has changed since last summer when the president decided not to proceed with your nomination over concerns about your inexperience partisanship and statements. That seem to embellish ereck in fact it was those very questions. The prompted redcliffe himself to withdraw his nomination. Only to be renominated by president trump. Florida Republican Senator Marco. Rubio asked rackliff why he accepted. Why are you doing this? Ratcliffe said when the president asks you to serve you do so. He also pledged to be apolitical. I look forward to reading every member Republican and Democrat exactly the same way and and frankly being out of politics. Ratcliffe also said he has no qualms about speaking truth to power. I will deliver. The unvarnished truth won't be shaded for anyone. He was reminded about those who did speak truth to power in the past it without exception that this president has appointed for Senate confirmation within the Director of National Intelligence has been fired or removed or pushed out. Ratcliffe did contradict some of president trump's most ardent assertions about Russian election interference for example. You would concede that in two thousand sixteen the Russians were involved. Yes Twenty Eighteen Russians in twenty twenty this election. They are involved. Yes and when it comes to protecting whistleblowers if every whistleblower past present and future will enjoy every protection under the law and as for the president's denigrating remarks about the intelligence community. I think the sentiment that I've heard from the president is not intelligence community writ large it's specific individuals and would these remarks from Senator Burr rackliff appears to be sliding towards Senate confirmation. Look forward to advancing your nomination rapidly and voting in favor of your confirmation in the full Senate Linda Kenyon Washington. Twitter is testing. A new tweak aimed at helping people think twice about using offensive language in a tweet correspondent John stolnis explains the social media. Company said some users will see a prompt when they reply to a tweet in which they use quote offensive or hurtful language when users hit send on their reply. They'll be told if the words they're using are similar to those in post that have been reported by others and ask if they would like to change their wording. Twitter has long been criticized for fostering an environment that allows for hateful and abusive content to appear on their platform in a statement. The company said they're trying to encourage people to rethink their behavior in language before posting. In the heat of the moment the experiment will last for a few weeks and will run globally but only for English language tweets. I'm John Stolnis. It doesn't seem like one day. A year is enough to celebrate these heroes of our society. Bill Michaels has that story. The Corona virus pandemic is shining a special spotlight on how nurses put their lives on the line every single day to help others in good health and bad. Nurses play a critical role in helping everyone improve their wellbeing. They've taken over stronger. Leadership Roles in the past decades taking over many responsibilities that used to be reserved for physicians. These days many patients get diagnosed and treated by a nurse without ever seeing a doctor. National Nurses Day also kickoff off national nurses week it ends on May twelfth birthday of Florence Nightingale. He's known as the founder of modern nursing. I'm bill Michaels Westwood. One Daily News for Wednesday may sixth twenty twenty. I'm John Trout.
The Impeachment Hearings Continue
"Get a jump on shopping and enjoy your holidays more with Omaha steaks more time with family more time for celebrating. That's the peace of mind that comes with one hundred percent guaranteed gifts from Omaha. steaks ordered today delicious. Tender Omaha steaks are unique gift that they'll share remember and love. They'll be delighted. Winning arrives and think give you all over again when they cook and share their gift order early and Relax Act now and they'll get four free Omaha steaks Burgers with their gift that sixteen main Ayn courses plus sides and dessert for just sixty nine ninety nine go to Omaha steaks dot com and type the point in the search bar and welcome to the point for November nineteen. I learned Sanski Co author of the point. I'm here to cut through the political spin to bring you you the news. You need to know Tuesday's impeachment. Hearing is especially noteworthy in part because of the sheer number of witnesses. Four people total are testifying testifying in houses impeachment hearing starting with Vice President pence his aide Jennifer Williams and lieutenant. Colonel Alexander Vitamin there testifying together. You're like previous public testimonies. It is a long procedure heavy process but unlike previous public testimony Tuesdays I two witnesses Williams investment have something unique. They both have first hand information about Donald Trump's July twenty fifth phone call Ukraine's president. You know the one trump has called perfect this matters because it rebuts a major republican talking point about the witnesses who have testified publicly in the impeachment an inquiry the GOP has repeatedly claimed that only individuals with second hand in hand information about what trump has said were being called as witnesses congressman. Devin Nunez has suggested that officials who are alarmed by President. Trump's actions regarding Ukraine were typically basing their concerns off of secondhand third third hand or even fourth hand rumors and Innuendo Williams and Veneman are among the witnesses who have testified publicly and have first hand knowledge Wjr a various components of the trump administration's dealings with Ukraine. This is one of the areas where we are seeing the partisan nature of the impeachment proceedings play out. Republicans are pushing their narrative while Democrats push there's Democrats remain in control of this committee which allows them to drive this process another area where we see this play out. Republican Congressman John Ratcliffe criticizing the language used by Democrats to describe Donald. Trump's alleged impeachable wrongdoings on doings Ratcliffe said Democrats I called the quid pro quo but if changed ultimately shifting calling it now bribery Ratcliffe then then brought out a stack of transcripts during his line of questioning to make the point that no witness has described trump's actions as bribery committee. Chair Adam Schiff Jeff. Later sought to testify. Saying bribery does involve a quid pro. Quo bribery involves the conditioning of an official act or something of Value which all brings us to the point these marathon public hearings allow both parties to attempt to bolster their arguments for against impeachment with the added bonus of cameras streaming the entire process to the American public. And that is the point for November nineteenth. Twenty nine thousand nine. Thank you for listening for more updates throughout the week including our Sunday night campaign in addition subscribe to the point newsletter at CNN dot com slash. The point if you like this audio briefing you can get on Google home or Amazon Echo or subscribe on Stitcher or apple podcasts or your favorite podcast APP so you never the missed an episode Are you interested in learning how great companies grow download the Martin podcast the Martic. podcast tells the stories of real world marketers who use technology technology to generate growth and achieve business and career success from advertising to software as a service to data getting brands authentically integrated mccranie the content performs better. TV advertising typical life span of an article about twenty four to thirty six hours for reaching out to the right person with the right right message and a clear. Call an action that it's just a matter of timing ready to learn the secrets of technology driven marketing. Download the Martic podcast just search Martin. Martin M. A. R. T. E. C. H.. Wherever you download your podcasts when you order Omaha steaks early you get peace of mind and mega great food? They can share throughout the holiday season. They'll think of you the whole time Omaha steaks gift packages are one hundred percent money back. Guaranteed that's uncommon. These days in Omaha steaks gift is such a unique gift gift from a one of a kind company. They'll get hand cut steaks that have been aged to tenderness plus a wide array of favorite foods to share all from heritage family business. That's been doing it right for one hundred two years right now. podcast listeners can get the favourite gift package for just sixty nine ninety nine go to Omaha. STEAKS DOT COM and type the point in the search bar. Your happy friends and family will open the door to a cooler full of deliciously tender stakes plus premium meats sides and desert. They'll love it when it arrives and think of you all season long when they cook and share their meals. When you order right now you'll get four Omaha steaks burgers his added to your gift for free? Our exclusive offer comes with sixteen main courses plus sides and dessert order. Your Omaha steaks favored gift package for sixty nine ninety nine by typing the point in the search bar at Omaha steaks dot com.
1.10 The Starving Time
"Hello. And welcome to the political history of the United States episode. One point ten the starving time. Less time. We left off discussing those first several years of the Jamestown colony the first several years were conflated inside a majority of the new settlers die due to the harsh conditions and at the same time the relationship between the settlers and local powered and Indians was tented best and downright hostile at worst. By the new sixty-nine? The Connie was approaching what will become the single worst time in the history of the Jimmy Connie up to that date today. This period has become known as the starving time, and is going to signify the low Mark for the colony John Smith by the same had left the colony and relations with powered into becomes so bad that is John Ratcliffe skinned alive in December of sixty nine combined with the ongoing issues of survey shin disease is going to see the population of the colony plummet the stirring time very nearly marks. The end of the Jamestown colony the colonists. At one point abandoned, the colony and make their way to ships having had enough trying to survive in Virginia. Of course today, we know that they don't end up actually leaving in fact, following the speed the colony will very slowly at times, turn the corner and begin moving towards something that resembles viable settlement for today. We are going to spend our time looking at the starving time. Specifically, I wanna look at three primary aspects. I we're. Going to look at the traditional telling of the story of that winter of sixty-nine sixteen ten what were the causes? How bad did it get and how did it? Resolve second. We are going to discuss the realities of the starving time. I plan on looking at the question of how accurate is that traditional telling? And what problems may exist with it? Finally, we're going to look at the end result. The starving time is going to have a major effect on the colony in a number of ways, and we are going to examine how these changes moving. Forward are going to completely change the direction of the Regina company and the colony as a whole. I want to start this week by looking at the winter of sixty-nine sixteen ten we're going to Japan by looking at that traditional telling before doubling back looking at some of the causes in many ways is difficult to get a great idea of what occurred during that winter the sources during the timer thin, and there is something to be said about a sense of cessation. Listen that's going to creep into the eventual telling of the event on the ground. The best source is going to be the colonies acting President George Percy Percy would write about the surveys in the terrible conditions at Jamestown during that winter. I'm going to read a quote from perceives book a true relation of the proceedings and occurrences of moment, which have happened emerging from the time, sir. Thomas gates was shipwrecked Bermuda anno sixteen o nine until my departure out of the country, which was anno domini sixteen twelve and yeah, that's an awesome book title sound super exciting, quote is as follows now all of us are Jamestown began feeling that sharp prick of hunger, which no. Man, truly describe, but which he have tasted the bitterness. They're up a world of miseries and suit as the sequel will express to you in so much that some to satisfy their hunger. Have rubbed the store for which I have caused them to be executed then having fed upon the horses and other beasts long as they lasted we were glad to make shift with vermin as dogs, cats, and rats, and mice always fish that came to net to satisfy the cruel hunger. As the boot shoes or any other leather some could come by. And those being spent in devoured somewhere force to search the woods feed upon serpents and snakes and to dig the earth for wild and unknown routes where many of our men were cut off and slain by the savages and now famine beginning to ghastly impale in every face that was nothing to be spared to maintain life and to do those things which seem incredible as to dig up dead corpses out of graves into eat them and. Some have looked up the blood which have fallen from their week fellows and amongst the rest. This was the most lamentable that one of our colony murdered his wife rip the child out of her womb and threw it into the river. And after that chop the other pieces salted her for his food. The same not being discovered before he had eaten her thereof for the cruel. Inhumane fact, I judged him to be executed the knowledge of the debate enforce from him by torture having hung by his thumbs with the weight at his feet a quarter of an hour before he would confess the same. George Percy was the best source on the ground at the time. Other information we get from the events come from John Smith's writings and sixteen twenty four. And in a moment, I'm going to share this account with you. But I wanna give a pair of warnings on it. I I Jon Smith left a few months earlier in the fall of sixty nine. So he was back in England in the winter of sixty nine sixteen ten rolled. Round. Likewise. He is writing this account is sixteen twenty four a full fourteen years after the events actually took place. Now, we're gonna talk more in a few minutes about the problems with the sources, including Smith. But it's something that I wanna be front about Smith wrote in the general history of Regina New England in the summer isles that neigh so great was our famine that a savage we Slough Mberi the poor sort took him up again and ate him. And so did divers one another boiled stewed with roots and herbs and amongst the rest to kill his wife powdered her and eat him part of her before it was known for which he was executed as he will deserved now. Whether she was better roasted boiled or carbonaro, I do not know, but of such a dishes, powdered wife, I have never heard of this was that time which still to this day. We call the starving time. It were to vile to say and scarce to be believed what we endured. But the Cajun was our own for want of providence industry and government and not the Baroness and defect of the country. As is generally supposed for till then in three years for the numbers were landed us, we have never from England provision efficient for six months, though, it seemed by the Bill of lading sufficient sent us such a glut is the seat and said goodfellas the Mariners we as little tasted of great proportions cintas as they of our want miseries yet notwithstanding the ever over swayed and ruled the business though, we endured all that is said and chiefly lived on what this good country naturally. Afforded yet. Had we been even paradise itself with these governors. It would not have been much better with us yet. There was amongst us. Who had they been the government as kept Smith appointed? But that they could not maintain. It would surely have. Kept us from those extremes of misery this intend as more would have supplanted us all with death before we go any further. If you're wondering what does just myth mean when he asked was carbonaro that translates roughly into what she barbecued. So yes, that would in fact be just a little bit of cannibalism humor from our good friend John's Smith between the accounts of Smith emptied is possible to get a sense of devastation that the winter of sixty nine sixteen ten brought. If you're looking for numbers, we know that there are about three to four hundred settlers in Virginia when John Smith leaves that includes men both inside Jamestown, plus a handful of others who were outside the four at other smaller outposts. By the time that Thomas Keats arrives at the end of may sixteen ten between sixty and one hundred mid remained alive. I've seen some other numbers as well. With some sources saying that the population may be a bit high wind Smith leaves and some have at a bit lower this discrepancy does have some impact on the overall number that died during the winter. However, it is without any dispute. The winner of sixty nine sixteen ten was catastrophic. No matter where you get your numbers from regardless of the source, a whole lot of people die. The death toll drain that winter very nearly meant the end of a colony when Thomas gates arrives only about ten of the mid out of those survivors were in any condition to work time, certainly appears to become short for the colony, and it is not much of a leap to imagine. That had there been much more delay in relieving, the colony the entire settlement would have just died out based on the accounts of Percy and Smith, we get a sense for how deep the fem and got within the colony Percy mentions eating horses and other beasts before shifting to the local vermin Percy tells a Mindy for Reuss outside of fort and eating snakes, eventually men began eating the leather of their own boots from there, the story takes a disturbing turn that includes exhuming bodies cannibalism of those who had died, and even a story of a man who grew so desperate that he murdered his pregnant wife and ate her. It should not come as any surprise that drain a period. Known as the starving time that you know, starvation was going to be a serious problem. However, it is an interesting question to consider that this wasn't the first winter that the colonists had to survive Virginia enact, this is going to be their third winter that the colonists were enduring. The winter was always rough in the colony. So why did that winter Sinoe Nuys exceed ten becomes so much more serious? The first major problem is the large number of men who arrived during the late summer of sixteen o nine recall from last week that five hundred settlers had left England along with Thomas gates, three hundred of those men would arrived rain late summer of sixteen o nine the rest being lost in that ship that sank along the way or they're hanging out with gates stuck in Bermuda. By the time. These extra mouths to feed arrived in the colony they were already experiencing some level of food shortages throw Jamestown, which the colony typically did experience during these months, however matters became dire upon. Discovering that much of the colonies court had been infested with raw. Now, suddenly there is a massive influx of mouths to feed at a time where a large amount of the supplies and food stores were lost. Likewise, as we discussed last week relations between Jamestown empowered in where less than ideal recall, the in hit become increasingly less interested in providing food to the colony. Whereas at the beginning power to believe that he could gain an advantage over his enemies will the same time containing the English. He had now moved on to a position where he wanted the English God, or at least to leave his people alone the change of heart came after continued English harassment of the powdered tribes as well as powder realizing that the food demands of the English were unsustainable. John Ratcliffe would personally learn just how little power was interested in providing corn when powered and Hedrick reckless skinned alive throughout the winter. The English will continue to be harassed and attacked by the Indians, which meant that leaving the. Itself had become a very dangerous prospect following the death of Ratcliffe Percy embraced design of increased violence against the people himself Percy would write about two captured Indian children that the colonists had Percy claims that over his objections. Of course, the decision was made to throw the children into the river and shoot their brains out. Now facing a serious overpopulation problem power was not gonna provide any relief to the increasingly serious famine. During that winter the equation is simple. There are too many mouths to feed and not even close to enough food to sustain them finally considered that the colony during this perilous time was suffering from a serious lack of leadership look at the former leadership of the colony for a moment. John Smith by the sun was gone after suffering an injury John Ratcliffe died in December of sixteen or nine at the has a powered in lower Delaware. The new governor of the colony was still in England where he was allegedly suffering from some health. Problems which prevented him from making the trip the men that he sent in his place. Thomas gates was still Shiprock down in Bermuda. George Percy was the interim leader of the colony and well he did the best. He could he was never in a position where he was going to be looking to leave that colony. Between there being that sudden overpopulation problem and a lack of leadership and those worsening conditions of pout in the Connie was in very serious trouble heading into that winter ad in that extra fact that as people were dying it inevitably meant that. There were going to be fewer and fewer people to do the work that could have alternately helped pull the colony out of this tailspin. This only serves to compound the already serious problem that the colony was now dealing with. By the time. The Thomas gates does arrive in may of sixteen ten he found the colonists is such a state of disarray that he made the decision to abandon Jamestown on June, seventh sixteen ten gates along with the surviving abandoned Jamestown. Those leaving the colony got on board four small both insist sailed down the James river, just like that the experiment of Jamestown very nearly came to an end as nothing more than a footnote in history. Jamestown would have been just another failed North American English colony following in the footsteps of both Roanoke, and the Popham colony that had come before it as we know. However, this would not be the end of Jamestown as a small both made their way down the James river, they spotted a skiff coming towards them. Lord, Delaware had finally made it to Virginia to take over and begin exercising. His duties as governor in addition to bringing much needed supplies relief. Delaware, possibly the most important supply of all. He brought min to replace those who had died in the colony. Now, it is worth noting that Delaware probably should have remained back in England almost from the moment here Rives from the time. He left sixteen eleven Delaware was constantly sick. And typically bedridden Thomas gates would for all intents and purpose run the colony in Delaware stead. Well, we don't know his response. We do know the pouted had been aware that he had won. He knew that the English were leaving and for him. It must have been a very bit of welcome news converse when Paladin had learned that Lord Delaware had in fact, come to the rescue in the English now coming back. It must have been an absolutely devastating blow. His best chest rid himself of the English had come and very nearly succeeded. He will never get such an opportunity again. We have discussed what exactly the starving time was by looking at the reports written by midnight Percy Smith, we can begin to get an idea of the desperation. So that the colonists face during that fateful winter. I wanna take a moment, however to go back and look at the sources we have to deal with both Percy and Smith right about cannibalism, something that would become the defining feature of that winter. It was meant to show just how dire things really got the first thing to state is the obvious. We know that the population had been reduced from three to four hundred down to between sixty and one hundred. So we immediately know that the losses were substantial and catastrophic there is no way to sugarcoat losses of that magnitude over questions do remain regarding. How wide spread is serious problem events like cannibalism, actually became. Looking at John Smith. I there are some immediate concerns with his telling of the events that winter, first and foremost, it is impossible to ignore. The fact that John Smith left the colony October of sixteen o nine before the period of starvation really got going. Furthermore, it's not until sixteen twenty four that Smith writes about how miserable this period was for the colonists. Smith would go so far to make light of the situation in the portion that I read from Smith earlier in this episode Smith jokes about cannibalism commenting on the men who reportedly eight his wife Smith questions the best way to cook. One's wife and jokingly comments that he had never heard of such a dish as powdered wife. Smith may. Well, have also discussed matters, George Percy or have may have heard stories from other survivors. However in terms of firsthand knowledge, this is going to be outside with John Smith could actually provide. Beyond that. However, keep in mind that Smith had a history of writings insatiably order somewhere books. If you recall from two years ago, we had discussed the relationship between the English and the pouting confederacy drain that episode I hit discussed how draws with published his version of the incident between himself empowered when Pocahontas had allegedly stepped in and saved him a story, which we now recognize as likely work of complete fiction. As we talked about there is virtually no evidence that the events took place. Anything like how Smith says member of that poke honest was just ten years old during the encounter and Smith had likely included her in the story because she was a popular figuring England that time despite her death about a decade earlier by incorporating Pocahontas into his writings he had an opportunity to sell more copies of his book. So given that we know Smith was willing to publish his general history of Virginia New England in the summer isles with we'll call it dramatic portions or realistically blatantly false information to somewhere books, it should draw that entire work into question. Those quotes I read earlier today come from the same work as the information about what happened between Smith powder and Pocahontas Smith appears to have had no problem publishing information that was false or at a minimum highly embellished in order to serve his own needs. Lastly. Consider that Smith may have also been trying to paint a picture of his own leadership abilities from the perspective of John Smith all was going. Well, and then as soon as he left boom, the people start eating each other who does that make look good well John's fifth. So then why bother was miss writings at all anything ridden by John Smith should be taken with a heavy dose of scepticism. How ever there may still be subdued information? There Smith was likely relying at least partially uncover sations. He had with others who were actually there Percy would publish his work the following year on the subject, it is possible that Smith and Percy had spoken about the event that occurred after Smith had left as much of what Smith writes about does seem similar to what Percy would write about sixteen twenty five. Oftentimes, it would be tempting to look at it. And the -ssume that Percy was basing his work on Smith's prior writings, however in the case of George Percy. He was the party who is actually on the ground at the time drain that winter. Furthermore, despite writing the manuscript to defend his time as governor of the colony is twenty five the manuscript wasn't actually published until nineteen twenty two the evidence perceive may will have been writing as a direct rebuttal to John Smith. He leaves the manuscript off by dedicated to his nephew before sitting that the reason for him to write the book is to address the many untruths that were floating around about Virginia at the time. Based on the timing of the manuscript at sixteen twenty five and the fact that Smith published the year before it would seem that the part about one to clear up those untruths is a direct shop back at John Smith. Finally, please consider that Percy may have also been working here with an ulterior motive much as in the thing with John Smith, George Percy is going to have just as much reason to get the blame for the starving time off of himself. This is a bias for him in something that's going to be reflected in his writing. Nobody is going to want to be blamed for most of the colony dine under their watch George Percy included either way, both of our two main sources here are going to have some question Mark surrounding that we are still going to refer to them. However, because they are frankly, the best sources we have regarding that winter when discussing the most station talking puts from that winter nothing, however looms larger than the allegations of cannibalism Both Smith amp perc- right about it. So. So at least to some degree there were stories out there of it. However, despite the stories in the popular imagination there is relatively little evidence that cannibalism occurred, and that even if it did that it was anything more than if you individual incidents as opposed to a more widespread problem. Historians have spent decades debating whether or not cannibalism actually took place in Jamestown, and it is still something up in the air for debate beyond the writings of Smith in Percy, some fourteen years later evidence of cannibalism in Jamestown remains relatively light. Thomas gates himself would write about the colony as well in his writings he would strongly refute. The idea that they're having cannibalism practiced however, much like John Smith. Thomas gates had not actually been in Jamestown during the winter. Remember that he was down in Bermuda. Where he was shipwrecked. It is certainly possible that such events may have taken place prior to his rival without him. Actually knowing about it. When gates does arrive, however, things are so bad that he throws his hands up and decide that. Yeah. It's time to bail out on this project that in and of itself could indicate that conditions were bad enough on the ground that something isn't Ables cannibalism might have actually occurred. Now at any new wrinkle to the intrigue in two thousand thirteen archaeologists. Discover the remains of a teenage girl who did show evidence of having been butchered and eaten this is the first direct evidence of cannibalism taking place in the colony. Of course, neither Smith nor Percy wrote about a fourteen year old girl being eaten which you know, would have been super helpful in the situation. The evidence suggested that the girl had died from natural causes rather than be murdered. So she does not appear to have been killed for the sole reason of eating her. So that rules out from being the wife in the tale that both Percy Smith talk about this is however the first direct evidence that we have of cannibalism Jamestown. The body of the girl. However, simply proves that. There was a single incident of cannibalism. It does not go towards explaining how wide spread of a problem. It actually was for the colony regardless of the veracity of the stories that have emerged out of that. Winter. We do know that the death toll from it was staggering conditions gotten so bad that the colony was nearing a point of complete collapse. Thomas gates arrived in may of sixteen ten so when it comes to the questions of the sources be at perseus myth or gates to specific events of that winter such as cannibalism are going to remain questions for future historians to work out. And yet we'll questions remain as to the rest of the of the information. We have from that winter. One thing does remain tree. The seven-time is going to have a long lasting effect on the colony in some ways, it's going to change the perception of the English North American colonies entirely in this fashion, whether be Smith or Percy their stories do matter, especially with Smith his writings about Jay. Town, and that winter helped form the impression that so many people had of Virginia liar or not Smith was popular in England and people read the guy's book. I want to end today by looking at what affects the starving time had on Virginia moving forward s discuss previously that winter Mark something of a symbolic low point for the Jamestown colony Hosver. It would be wrong to believe that following the winter of sixteen nine sixteen ten that living in Jamestown really got any easier. For example, jumping ahead a decade and looking at the three year period between sixteen nineteen and sixteen twenty two. We see the English sent approximately three thousand five hundred seventy people to the colony bringing the total population up to four thousand two hundred seventy drain that same three year period. Approximately three thousand colonists are going to die. So in terms of a high mortality rate that is something that is going to continue for some time to come. However, despite the continued high mortality rate. Starring time. Still does tend to stand out following the starving time we see Lord Delaware and Thomas gates arrive in really usher in a new period for the colony. Well, it would be easy to blame those widespread changes on the winter of sixteen or nine hundred ten the fact is that these changes were already being worked on during the summer of sixteen or not and recall from our last episode we discussed the changes coming to the colony in an attempt to increase profitability. Major changes have or would appeared. How England viewed Virginia. These changes affect not only the future of the colony. But in many ways, it changes, how we view the United States to this very day. We have discussed before how Virginia was being put forward as be nearly synonymous for eating it self. Of course, we know that the reality was always much different. By in Virginia was hard, and it will continue to be hard for many more years to come. Statistically of you. Enter Virginia drain those early years. The odds were considerably better that you would die rather the survive and prosper. Hauer that really doesn't make for a good advertisement. Come to Virginia. Will you're probably going to starve to death and die. Not the kind of thing that you want to put on your promotional. Poster. However following the winter of sixteen or nine hundred ten it was becoming increasingly difficult to sell to the people back in England that Virginia was this paradise on earth throughout the sixteen tenths stories of cannibalism throughout Virginia would begin spreading through England. John Smith doesn't do anything to temper those beliefs and sixteen twenty four when he publishes his history as the tales of hardship begin to emerge in the sixteen tens and into the sixteen twenty's promoters, had to shift their focus and efforts in order to keep people interested from this point for the very ethos of Virginia began to change in the popular culture. No longer was being portrayed as land. That was overflowing with his bounty, rather it evolved into place where the bounty existed. Yes. But it required hard work, and perseverance to find it. These are things that even today. Most people in the United States will consider a core value of the nation itself. Nothing is given but through hard work all can be achieved becomes the new selling point for potential colonists. Amongst the promoters, a popular version of the story place, the blame for the starving time on colonists. Laziness, the argument here is that the land had plenty to offer and that the catastrophe of that have been caused by the actions of the settlers, and this is reflected in John Smith's writings remember in his work where he writes that now there was plenty there. People just weren't working to get it for the promoters that idea that had everybody just worked harder been more dedicated. They were survived was a perfect thing to pitch people are willing to work hard. If it means that, hey, I can get rich and prosper in this way. The period can be described as a one time incident and not something indicative of future struggles for the promoters making. Sure. Sure that the didn't land Virginia itself was critical for minted nine the seven-time occurred. Thomas gates, it is important to understand that at the same time gates refused the events. He himself was a major shareholder in the Virginia company gates had a vested interest in the colony doing well, and the idea of cannibalism wasn't going to accomplish that in we will see this idea of hard work and a campaign against laziness continue next week as we move into the events of the sixteen tens the seven-time is so often portrayed as a low Mark for the colony in the decade, if the colony would begin to become somewhat more sustainable as new laws emerged get control over the fledgling colony at the same time. We will see the emergence of tobacco a crop. That is going to change the future. Not only Virginia, but is going to become a critical part of the future. The United States all of these changes are taking place in the shadow of a continued. For the pouting confederacy. Next time, we will dive into all these problems as we start looking at the period after the starving time as Jamestown and Virginia begin their second chapter. As always I want to. Thank you offer listening, and I will be back in two weeks as we continue. Our trek Virginia.
"A, lot of that nuance of the analysis comes out through QNA by members asking the briefers. Why are you emphasizing this? Why did you use that word? What about this evidence that we've seen in other briefings that isn't included in this written document? Why is it that that isn't here. That is where the real detailed work of oversight comes through finding out what the analysts think why they think it and tossing out some questions to get at the implications and maybe even probably intelligence community to look in new directions. Those are all things that are if not lost certainly minimized if the oral briefings do go away. I'm Benjamin witness and this is the law fair podcast September, Second Two thousand and twenty John. Ratcliffe last week informed Congress that elections security briefings in the run-up to the two thousand twenty election weren't GonNa be done orally anymore it was going to be written intelligence product. There weren't going to be questions and answers people in Congress are P. We thought we would chew it over both from the intelligence community side and from the congressional side, we got just the group to do it. We've got David priests former CIA briefer. Used to do briefings like this, and we got Margaret Taylor who's a former congressional staffer who used to consume briefings like this we got them both in the virtual. Jungle Studio. And we shoot it all over. Is this a big change or is it all puff? Will it stick and what tools does congress have to push back against it? It's the law fair PODCASTS, September second. Briefings Sh- meetings. All right, David. Get US started what did John Ratcliffe do the other day and a why is it causing such a stir? So John Ratcliffe who is the relatively new director of National Intelligence sends this letter to the Senate Intelligence Committee and It's unclear when it was received by both on the House side in on the Senate side, we're hearing different stories about when the letter was sent and received, but it was dated the twenty eighth. In this letter. RATCLIFFE takes some time to explain all of the things the intelligence community has done to keep Congress fully in currently informed. The main emphasis of the letter however is on the defensive briefings and election security updates to the congress as he notes including many not required by law, and he points out that in the last few months there have been many briefings more than a dozen briefings many open to all members of Congress or their staffs. And he he notes somewhat cryptically in this letter many of these engagements in products have been successful in productive others have been less so. After that, he said in order to ensure clarity and consistency the engagements with Congress what will now be with written finished intelligence products. Now that rules out the oral briefings that constitute a great number of the interactions between intelligence officials. In Congress especially in this series of election security briefings that have been going on under the auspices of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence two things came from this one, which was not help loan accurate were headline saying deny is not going to brief Congress anymore that's not the case The deny is saying we will provide intelligence assessments about elections security. We are just going to provide them in writing the second thing that happened was people realizing that distinction between the the written product in the oral briefings said, oh, that's not good because there is so much that comes out of those oral briefings with an opportunity for QNA in follow up that the written product just doesn't allow. And David what is your sense of the significance of this because on the one hand it has definitely been received as a significant rollback of the intelligence communities willingness to provide Congress with election, security, information and briefing. But on the other hand by its terms, it does not do that. It merely shifts the mode of the briefing and the information communication from the oral briefing to the written briefing. That's right. It's it's both more significant and less significant than it appears. Let's do the latter i. It is not the director of National Intelligence telling the intelligence community not to fulfil obligations to keep Congress informed. In fact, the written products sometimes do a better job of that. There have been many times in recent history and over the decades of congressional oversight of intelligence when sensitive matters were not put into writing, they were in fact briefed orally because they were so sensitive and to prevent leaks. So the fact that these assessments will continue to go to Congress in writing means that there is not an attempt at least it does not appear. So there is not an attempt from the deny to say, we're just not doing this oversight thing on election security anymore where overturning the consensus that we've had on congressional role in intelligence oversight since the late nineteen seventies. So it is not that significant. It's it's not overturning that on the other hand. There is a key difference between the written product in the in person sessions with a brief her with the written product, you get the bottom line assessment from the intelligence community you get the logic argumentation behind it. You see some of the evidence that led them to a particular judgment, and that's that's all good that that is part of informing Congress. However, especially, given some of the controversies in recent weeks about how the deny is structuring its assessments are they trying to amplify deported threat from China and minimize the purported threat from Russia? A lot of that nuance of the analysis comes out through QNA. Members asking the briefers Why are you emphasizing this? Why did you use that word? Why didn't you use this word? What about this evidence that we've seen in other briefings that isn't included in this written document? Why is it? That isn't That is where the real detailed work of oversight comes through finding out what the analysts think why they think it and tossing out some questions to get at the implications and maybe even probably intelligence community to look in new directions. Those are all things that are if not lost certainly minimized if the oral briefings do go away. I am old enough to remember what you alluded to a moment ago, which is that you know there have been times when both the I see and members of Congress preferred to do briefings orally, and the reason from the I sees side I suppose was lack of you know less capacity for leaks particularly, leaks documents the reason from the congressional side was you know frankly more plausible deniability that is if you were were briefed on something orally, you could in a kind of Jim Sensenbrenner kind of way pretend you didn't. See the brief thing or you didn't know about it and you're shocked anyway that this activity is going on and on the other hand I it allows for if you get if you have a piece of paper, you accountable for knowing what was on the sheet of paper. So is this a situation where Congress is doing? A kind of grass is greener thing if they get the oral briefings, they want the written briefings. If they get the written briefings, they want the oral briefings or are they really losing something here? Good intelligence oversight should get both and as much as there is tension from the intelligence community of historically in terms of briefing Congress. It has become the norm that the intelligence community will provide written and oral briefings to Congress I've spoken with all of the DNA is up until this one and to a person I think all of them would say that they don't enjoy briefing Congress they don't enjoy the grilling and the tough questions and the possible politicization, and certainly in the open testimony the feeling that there's always the possibility of something sensitive being revealed don't think they relish the experience but I think to a person, all of them would say. But this is what we do in. This is a part of the job to do it both in terms of written responses to questions and oral briefings when requested the oddity of this experience Ben, is that ratcliff putting out the logic for providing only written products a non oral briefings that there have been too many leaks and the acting chairman of the Senate Committee Marco Rubio followed this up with a statement calling the leaks recently vile in grotesque well that may be true but if so the logic then would be come in. and provide us the oral briefings and not the written briefings because a written document. Any member of Congress can take and read it directly to a reporter or photocopy it and give it to somebody in oral briefing is not hard to leak, but it's a little bit harder to leak the details and the nuances than it is when you have the written document that you keep with you. So it is a little bit odd to see the logic of preventing leaks being applied in the opposite way that it has usually been applied. All Right Margaret. So David's talked about this from a intelligence community perspective. Let's talk about it from a congressional perspective rackliff of course, is reasonably sophisticated about both he was only very recently a member of Congress. Why do you think he wants to limit the communication this way surely, he knows that what David just said is correct that if you if you create a paper trail that doesn't reduce the capacity for leaks, arguably increases it and it in any event increases the accountability in the sense that if you know if you whisper something in my ear in an oral. Briefing and I go spill it. You can claim you never set it or you can say that I miss characterized it. But if you give me a piece of paper with five sentences on at night, I read those five sentences to the press. You can't tell me you never said them and so what are you understand Ratcliffe to be trying to do here So I'm going to be much less even-handed. Maybe than David is I think that ratcliff is trying to limit the amount of information and nuance that members of Congress get specifically with respect to what Russia is doing probably right now to interfere in the two thousand, sixteen election I suspect that what Russia is doing is more sophisticated than what was done in two thousand sixteen and that sits very active that they've they learned from what their successes and failures of they're doing even more. And I think that ratcliff is trying to limit the amount of information that gets to Congress and to the public about those reality is and that's consistent with president trump's goals it would seem so I'm not usually so impolitic, but you know for me and for folks that I talked to on a regular basis, this this decision has been characterized to me by people on the hill as fucking crazy people are are pretty apoplectic about it and it's being viewed by many as again this. Sort of very deliberate mechanism for not having members ask tough questions and the reality is when I was on the hill, I did do a number of these classified briefings you have to to prep your boss really well for these because other types of briefers, the brief Ersan, the intelligence community they they're very good. They're very knowledgeable, but typically, they will only answer the very specific question that a member or a staffer asks them. They are not people who embellish or or give you. Lots of context or anything like that. So in that sense, the member or a staffer you have to know you have to have a very specific question to ask and you have to know which questions ask if you don't have specific opportunity to ask questions, you don't know what you don't know, and so to me this definitely reads as a full-frontal attempt to limit what members can ask about an understand about what is going on with respect to interfere in the twenty, twenty election and. Just to to take a few minutes, you know you ask the in the beginning about what's the story here? For me that the story begins back on July, twenty th when William Evans, who's the director of the National Counter Intelligence and Security Centre issued a pretty calm milk toast assessment of foreign interference in the twenty twenty election. It makes it a vague references to China and Russia members of Congress were very unhappy with it and said, this is unhelpful. It doesn't give Americans. Any sense for you know what's really going on or how they can protect their vote in the two thousand election as a result of that and another briefing that occurred the director of national counterintelligence. Security Center. Issued another come update to it on August seventh was essentially said you know we're updating this. We're going to be more specific about the efforts of Russia China and Iran and in that particular document members of Congress then criticized that documents saying you know this assessment incorrectly puts Russia and China on this team plane in terms of what they're doing to interfere in the twenty twenty election and based on members classified briefings up to that point that was not their impression at least the the Democratic members that that came out and said something about that so. For me this story about what rack does. rackliff letter is specifically tied to this series of events. The relate to briefings to members, of Congress and their reactions to it. And I. Think this is it's an extremely bad velopment. It's going to cause so much mistrust between the branches and something has really been lost here. Something something valuable has been lost and. It's bad. It's really bad. Okay. So before I get David to respond to that I just want you to flesh out. What the difference is between the world in which this is a the mode and the world of oral briefings so I imagine it's you know it's briefing time now and your the I see and I'm the congressional staffer or member how does it work now and just walk me through how how I am losing verses before. So look I've never encountered this kind of situation where you know you're allowed to view some sort of intelligence product but there's there's no possibility of talking to anyone about or getting someone to come up and brief about it. So it's a little bit of a strange sort of world for me but. I imagine what what happens now is is you know the the icy will say, okay well, we just just notifying people we sent over something you can go take a look if you'd like members or staff whatever can go down, read a document and it seems like what they're saying at least respect to this election security bucket is. You know that's it. There's not gonNA be any briefings. You can maybe right right some questions back the agency and hope that they that they respond. So it's it's just pretty limited. I. Think. I don't want to under sell how much I think members do get from that live back and forth with. Members of the intelligence community and one of the ways that these types of briefings are unique actually because they are behind closed doors. Members tend to ask lots of questions that are factual in nature in other words. It's not a lot of the grandstanding that you'll see when the cameras are on their very substantive and members want to understand factually what is happening and so it's actually really substantive. They tend to be very substantive when it's sort of a real when it's a real thing right with when the the people who are coming to the briefing want members to understand what is going on. They want them to really have a full understanding of things. It's really productive. That is not what is going to happen now and the reality is that. The seems the administration. Will have sort of an advantage in guiding the narrative, the public narrative about what is going on in terms of the election interference and members will no longer have that sort of inside scoop. They'll only have what the intelligence committee has decided that that they're going to get. And they won't have that opportunity to probe more deeply into they're not going to have as many tools to be able to stand up and say, you know what? What what the trump administration is saying in public isn't consistent with what we are hearing behind closed doors when we ask questions in our role as as the oversight body. All Right David. So you have given a relatively benign account of this. Margaret has given a much less benign account after hearing her take on it. Are you more alarmed than when five minutes ago? I think I am equally as alarmed as I was five minutes ago because I was describing the situation and not really commenting on it too much. But I I happen to agree with just about everything Margaret said and how she said it because. I laid out the logic that ratcliff put out there. This is to prevent leaks, but the the logic really doesn't add up then you have to go analytically to. Okay. So if the stated goal of this is illogical, what else could be behind it and there are two main things that pop into my mind. There's one overarching thing which we can talk more about, which is what about the wider membership Of the legislative branch and what about informing the public but even just limiting it to the intelligence committee itself. There's there's two things that pop to mind. And neither of them is good. One is that. Radcliffe is afraid. That in questioning before Congress to the Intel committees. That professional members of the intelligence community will tell the truth. and. If they have some nuances in their analysis that do not minimize the Russian threat enough for example, that they will actually do their job and fulfil their oath until the members of Congress, what it is, they believe in why they believe it. That is one possibility and it appears strong because the written briefings can in May in fact, go through the office of the director himself and he can tell the committee's what he wants to have said. The other option which I think is is also bad. Is that this is a trial balloon for other ways of getting in the way of intelligence norms and traditions that we all know that this president and his administration have had. No no hesitation to upend norms and certainly when it comes to providing things to Congress in. Other instances they have been perfectly willing to put their heels in the sand and not offer things up when it comes to traditional intelligence briefings. A lot of times that has continued under the radar well now here's a norm of providing briefings to Congress even though it's a new area, this election interference briefing thing by Bill Evans Eva is is new. This is not something that's been going on for decades. But the very practice of briefing Congress in writing and in person is a norm. and. If he's walking that back, just a bit to say well for this particular purpose on this particular topic. We're not GONNA do in person briefings anymore. Well. If, there's not a really strong pushback unified from both parties in Congress. Maybe it's okay. Maybe we'll start providing the written products less often to, or maybe we'll stop doing in person briefings on a range of sensitive topics or maybe I'll start shooting down other intelligence norms like the seventy year practice of offering presidential candidates classified briefings during the election cycle. That is a disturbing possibility because it shows that the intelligence process which under the surface has largely been continuing to work could be a new target of norm erosion and this is just a first step to see how far it goes. So I wouldn't say, I'm more optimistic than Margaret in fact, depending on on which of those is the dominant reasoning. Perhaps both are are in effect. I think it actually could be very harmful for the long-term oversight of intelligence and honestly for the neutral in a political intelligence analysis that the community has been doing. Margaret, what do you know about what the reaction has been from Congress? You said the reaction you've heard from Democrats has been that this is I believe your words were fucking crazy. That's not an institutional pushback. Are you anticipating congressional reaction in a more formal sense and if so? What are the chances that as David says it will be broad based versus a the sort of increasingly partisan reaction that we've come to expect on all things. This. Be The Senate Intelligence Committee that issued the report, the other day, and this grandly bipartisan fashion or will this be the Devon Nunez the Adam Schiff cage match? Unfortunately, I think it's going to look more like the ladder. If you start with her example, what Marco Rubio has said I did read to what what, how has response came out and it's essentially says the Congress must be fully informed by the intelligence community but these these leaks have have been outrageous and as as David said grotesque as I sit here I'm not exactly sure what he's he's referring to with that but the fact that he is equivocating on this and not coming out strong and saying, no, this is. Unacceptable and the Odeon I must continue to brief Congress and person tells me that you know he's not going to be offering a strong response on this. The only other sort of real question in my mind then is what is majority leader Mitch McConnell going to do and I don't have any sort of information on that but I would suspect that he will not necessarily come out strongly on it. So I I do not anticipate a strong institutional reaction on. This because I do think, Republicans will not be inclined to offer such a reaction that's at of course Democrats will continue I think to use very strong language about this and continues make noise but It's not clear to me that it will come to much of anything I was reading that You know there is the possibility of you know subpoenaing Ratcliffe for other officials but you know as we've seen over the past couple of years that has not. been particularly fruitful path necessarily in it in it is one that the trump administration has resisted. So I'm not optimistic about how this ends. I think the the really the only questions the one day that pose, which is, will this this new norm which purportedly just in the context of this election security issue now lead out to other areas where the trump administration doesn't want congress ask a bunch of questions that might not be be good for the trump administration. So it seems to me that there's another possibility of pushback here and I WANNA game it out a little pet because if I'm a member of Congress. Who has been given from my point of view and inadequate classified briefing? And I haven't had the chance to ask my questions. There is this tool that I have. Available which is number one. to, write a public letter, asking my questions and that can always be done in an unclassified fashion. But of potentially very revealing fashion, right so you know. Dear Mr Ratcliffe in the briefing we received on such and such day by letter dated such and such. You alluded to things I can't refer to in an unclassified setting. However, I have certain follow up questions one Blah Blah Blah to Blah Blah Blah now. An. Artfully written such letter can without revealing any classified information be very painful to organization that wants to keep secrets, and so my question is, shouldn't we expect in light of this a lot of the dialogue that used to take place in classified briefing sessions now take place in a kind of code in public in which the congressional interlocutors are trying to. Reveal as much as they can while not revealing any classified information. The example that I'm thinking of here is Ron Wyden in his famous correspondence with and public testimony with Jim Clapper actually like revealed a whole lot without actually revealing any classified information and if the administration's not GonNa do orel briefings aren't they relegating a whole lot of this to that format? I suppose that is possible. We've seen at little bit of that from Senator. Blumenthal when he was briefed along with other senators on these apparently very grave threats on in terms of election interference He wrote an an editorial sort of alluding to to really bad things. I do think that members of Congress, many members of Congress. Do you feel some trepidation doing that because they could be accused of running up against? Revealing classified information in even know it. It's almost certain that you know if someone went to the Senate floor and ask these questions for example, they would be protected by the speech and debate clause. They're still the possibility of of paying a some kind of a price for that whether that is a political price. If you're then that that is used to accuse you of of revealing classified information even if you haven't really done that or potentially there could be legal ramifications because. June kidding. But the speech and debate clause issues could take a very long time and We know this president is not not shy about potentially using the Justice Department in ways that are nontraditional to to put it to put it mildly. So I think there's still risk there for members and they're going to be careful with what they do and say in public that said the worse it becomes the the more the trump administration tries to to hide these things I think the more members will resort to these things these other types of mechanisms. For making the public aware of what is going on and you know their their right to do that I think should be protected I. Mean When l'affaire published an article back in twenty thirteen actually before the twenty fourteen elections, it was by Jack Goldsmith. But was Kinda quoting an article written by Bruce. Ackerman where member should certainly have the right to tell the truth when administration officials have lost their credibility. This not only serves the cause of democracy, but it will deter further fabrications and distortions. Americans should not cast their ballots amid haze of. As to the basic facts, you know I that was a quote basically from Bruce Ackerman's article and it applies so well. Now also we probably will see some of what you're describing, but it's it's better if members actually have all the information and can deal the rational way and that's that's what's being lost here. In this really does get at how delicate the balance his between the executive legislative on this issue. Yes. Perhaps this is just about a written briefing versus an oral briefing and through some negotiation they they will come to an agreement. Okay. Yes. We'll let briefers comeback in perhaps but the signs don't look good for that as Margaret said, and it really points to this delicate balance that's been around since the late nineteen seventies where after some unprecedented investigations into the heretofore relatively unknown investigated unsupervised intelligence community. Society seemed to wrap around the idea that yes, we do need an intelligence community that is more subject to oversight. and. You don't. They have someone looking over their shoulder and most analysts who have looked at this over the last thirty plus years have said it's a net good. The intelligence community does better when it's informing the representatives of the people of not only its conclusions in intelligence assessments but also informing them about covert action and other things that work better when they have buy in. From across the government, but it has been a delicate balance because the system that was worked out was for Congress to have oversight through these select committees, the intelligence community agreed to provide things to the Congress and answer their questions and the executive branch to Greater and lesser extent across administrations has said, yes, that is proper. That is right. We will do that. When there have been tensions they have come out in in interesting ways. Sometimes, it's we're going to run something in a shadowy part of the NFC that doesn't have to go and testify to Congress or we're not going to answer your questions on this because it's too sensitive, and then Congress if they want when they draft the next appropriations bill, they can put in something about a report on that very topic that is required before in appropriation can be made or in an authorization bill before an authorization can be provided. So those things have happened, but we have not yet dealt with that fundamental balanced being pushed hard in one direction. Such that the executive branch could tell the legislative branch to screw off no we're not going to give you anything like this and you can't stop us because it is a core executive function that has not been tacit understanding for decades. If this continues to go down that road, this could go downhill very badly because Congress could see it's only alternative as defunding the intelligence agencies, which is not popular in general with the American public especially when the US soldiers and sailors are. Overseas fighting in various conflicts you could have the executive branch simply picking up its ball and going home and saying we don't WanNa play this game anymore we don't buy into that fundamental bargain that has been existing since the nineteen seventies to the extent that this conflict brings out a debate of what is the proper balance and how can we create institutions to bolster it that's a good thing but if that happens because the system falls apart, that's bad for all parties involved. All right I want a sketch out a means of in which this ends up being a much less big deal. which is involves a variety of possible changes of constellations of power between the executive branch and the legislative branch. First of all, if Joe Biden wins in two months, Democrats are going to maintain their same position, which is that they're entitled to full briefings and Republicans are GonNa join them and there is no way that the executive branch will take this view against a united Congress hypothesis. One hypothesis to Donald trump remains president, but the Senate's which is hands, which is admittedly a more or less likely possibility and there's no way. The executive branch has the capacity to maintain this position if both houses of Congress object strongly. So this is. A creature Margaret almost entirely of the executives ability to do something when it's Party controls one house of Congress that will not survive the next time. That is not true. What do you think of that? I think you're hypothetical number one could very well come to pass I think it's it's entirely plausible on your hypothetical number two, and if I understand correctly, this is where Democrats control both the Senate and the House and are united. The question then becomes what exactly are they going to do with the trump administration? The the perpetual problem that I have seen in this space with the trump administration? Is it the trump administration? And president trump and particularly, they don't want a whole lot right like president trump prefers acting 's. So you know having people be confirmed isn't really a leverage point appropriations obviously the the Congress does appropriations we have seen president trump take existing statutory provisions and use them to his advantage to move money around. So he can, for example, build the border wall the. Other piece is and you know maybe you can comment on this I suspect president trump would not mind so much if the for example, intelligence community was was not funded at the levels it's funded now or maybe it wasn't funded at all I mean president trump is not a fan of the intelligence community. He's made that clear over and over and over and so. My point is it's hard to know exactly where the leverage points would be with a second trump administration. In this respect, I think a second trump administration will be emboldened. They will still have the information. They can still hold it back from a democratic controlled Senate and house, and it would be some kind of a an epic struggle I don't I don't even know what it would look like again because there's just is I see at not tons of leverage points with the trump administration. In the traditional way, we think of the checks and balances between the executive and legislative branches. The key variable here is what push back there is if any from the Republican senators and we saw Marco Rubio's letter, which was largely a screed against leakers but he also did point out that none of what has happened involving leaking takes away the responsibility of the intelligence community to fully and forthrightly brief the intelligence community. We'll have to see if that goes beyond the statement and if he and other senators join with people across the aisle to say. We need to do this in the right way. I think that that variable will say a lot for what happens no matter what the presidential election brings. Bottom Line Margaret do you think this is a the thin edge of a wedge that you know more and more of is GonNa come in through the door or is this something that Congress is going to be able to rebuff? I think. At this particular moment, a lot depends on Mitch McConnell if Mitch McConnell came out and make clear that this was not going to be acceptable. I, think this could be. Kind of the end of this kind of thing and the administration wouldn't be able to do much more and maybe they wouldn't push it as much. A SPEC. He will not do that so I. Suspect that the trump administration may very well figure out what other areas of government they would like to do this. In, push on those doors see what kind of pushback they get you know if they don't get much pushback I think they'll do do more of it. David final thoughts. I'm putting myself in the shoes of intelligence officers and managers. Now, people not not like DNA Ratcliffe. Who is is not a member of the community by by training or perhaps by instinct, but the officers who have worked for for years in their service. and. To be frank, not every intelligence officer loves briefing CONGRESS OFTEN MEMBERS OF CONGRESS ASK questions that don't get to the heart of the analytical issue or they're looking at it through a prism that is not the way that intelligence officers do so they don't always enjoy it. And yet I think overall people accept the idea that intelligence oversight is a good thing if for nothing else for the reason you pointed out earlier on which is you get buy in from the people who and fund your organization and having that by is useful when something goes wrong and in the old days you simply head to take the hit if it became public now you can go to Congress. And, say but we told you and we warned you what could happen in this situation. So you're in this boat with us I think there's something there's something both reassuring intelligence officers to know that there is that representative by in through the representatives of the American people from the public but also something that allows them to take calculated risks, not not wild risks but calculated risks for the benefit of national security. Down the road if if that were to erode I think that's a bad thing for national security overall and I think most intelligence officers would would see it that way right now if congress were to start throwing subpoenas around for intelligence briefings that that gets into a strange area that has not been fully explored before, but it really will also. Shine, a light on whether John ratcliffe listens to the intelligence professionals managing the agency's around him including the CIA director and others. In terms of what is in the best long-term interests of the community versus what is in the best short-term political interest of Donald Trump. We're GONNA, leave it there David priests. Margaret Taylor. Thank you both for joining us. Thanks for having me. Thank you. The law fair podcast is produced in cooperation with the Brookings Institution our audio engineer. This episode is the long suffering Zachary Frank. Of the law firm of goat and Rodeo. Our music is always. By the one, the only Sophia Yan. The law fair podcast is produced an edited by Gen Paci on how. You can get law fair Merch at the law fair store dot com and you know you want to and you know you should. You should promote the l'affaire podcast on Youtube facebook Tick Tock. We still haven't had a teacup video about the law fair podcast and we want one, and of course, you should leave us a rating and review wherever you found us and as always thanks for listening.
NPR News: 06-29-2020 11AM ET
"Live from NPR news I'm Korva Coleman a divided supreme. Court has struck down a Louisiana law that would have required abortion providers to have admitting privileges at local hospitals. NPR's Carrie Johnson reports. The case closely mirrored a dispute from Texas. Justice Steven Brier says the Louisiana Law is word for word identical to a Texas statute. The High Court invalidated for years ago. He says a lower court found no significant health benefit to the law. Instead he says it puts a big obstacle in the path of women seeking abortions. Therefore, he says the statute is unconstitutional chief justice, John, Roberts sided with the courts for liberals. He says he does not agree on the legal issues. Instead Robert says the court needs to treat similar cases. Cases the same way and that means the Louisiana Law cannot stand under Supreme, Court Precedent Carrie Johnson NPR news Washington in another divided decision. The justices gave the trump administration more authority over a federal agency that's supposed to protect consumers. The court ruled five to four that the president can fire the director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau at will. The justices also ruled that the structure that Congress said up for this agency violates the constitution, but the justices did not invalidate the agency. The Kremlin is calling reports ally that Russia offered bounties on US troops fighting in Afghanistan as NPR's Lucian Kim reports American news. Organizations are citing US intelligence officials that Russian operatives offered the bounties to taliban-linked militants. Russian President Vladimir Putin spokesman Dmitry. Peskov responded to the reports, I carried by the New York Times Peskov told reporters Moskowitz regrettable. Prestigious media are publishing what he called Canard's the hurt their reputation as president. Trump ever discussed the allegations with Putin Paskov, said no, if US intelligence still answers to the president of the United, states, Peskov said he would be worth paying attention to trump's own statements. Trump says he wasn't briefed. On the reports of Russian bounties as US intelligence didn't find them credible. Lucian, Kim NPR News Moscow meanwhile, House. Speaker Nancy Pelosi has sent a letter to the director of national. Intelligence John Ratcliffe and CIA Director Gina Hassle about the bounties. Pelosi is seeking a briefing on this for all house members. Johns, Hopkins? University researchers say the US has more than two and a half million confirmed corona virus cases more than one hundred twenty five thousand people have died of Covid nineteen more than thirty states, mainly in the south and West are reporting a rising number of new infections. On Wall Street. The Dow was up more than one and a half percent up four hundred points. The Nasdaq is up half a percent. This is NPR news. Lawmakers in Mississippi state legislature have overwhelmingly voted to remove the confederate battle emblem from the state flag a new flag. We'll be created a nine member. Commission will design a new flag that cannot have the emblem upon it. Pakistan news accusing India of being behind a Monday morning attack on the country's stock exchange building the attack killed three people Pakistani. Security teams then killed four militants NPR's Diaa Hadid reports from Islamabad. WHO advises the prime minister around Khan on security and strategic policy described the attack a state-sponsored terrorism in a series of tweets. He didn't name India, but referred to the country. The attack was claimed by separatist group that demands independence for Baluchistan. It's Pakistan's largest province rich in minerals whose people are very poor. There's been a low level insurgency there for years and human rights. Workers say. Are often tortured or disappeared. Many Pakistanis believe their rival and neighbour is supporting the separatist group known as the Balochistan Liberation Army as a way of destablizing their country, but a senior Pakistani government official, blaming India has the potential to raise tensions considerably between the two nuclear arm, nations, Da Hadeed NPR News Islamabad. Iran says it has issued an arrest warrant for president, trump and any US military or political leaders connected to the assassination of a top Ronnie in general this year. Iran says it has forwarded the war to the international police organization Interpol. They're asking for an alert notice for all countries. This is NPR.
CAFE Insider 08/05: Ending Gun Violence
"Hey folks another week of news to make sense of two tragic mass shootings on saturday and sunday in el paso texas and dayton ohio have left twenty nine people dead and dozens injured reviving calls for stricter gun. Laws california has passed a bill that would force presidential candidates to release their tax returns in order to appear in the states twenty twenty primary ballot and john ratcliffe withdraws his name for consideration to be the director of national intelligence. I talk about all this and more with milliman kathy insider podcast each week. We break down on the news and take stock of what's happening today. We are unsealing clip from the most recent episode in the stay tuned feet to listen to our conversation and access all other kathy insider content become a member at cafe dot com slash insider. That's cafe dot com slash. Insider mental illness and hatred pulls the trigger. It's not the gun. One of the things i was struggling with yesterday. Is that when we talk about gun regulations we always assume that the burden of proof is essentially not on the person who wants the gun right and you know we see this a lot in government and in law which is the question. Is you know whose responsibility is it like if i want a drivers license. The burden of proof is on me to go into the government and show them that. I'm a reasonable driver. I understand the laws. I take a written test. I take driver's test. I have to go through this process to show. I should get this and then by the way i have to pay the money. Get my picture taken and then five years later. I have to do it again because i have to prove to them that i'm still someone who can drive and if i need glasses i need glasses but driving people would say in response to you is not a constitutional right but the constitution doesn't say who bears the burden right in the constitution says the right to carry and bear arms and you know putting aside agreements or disagreements about <hes> whether or not the supreme court should have strengthened the second amendment as it did not so long ago the bottom line is that there are so many examples where you and i were both top-secret clear there is a very thorough investigation into our backgrounds and beyond the people we give them to go out and knock on neighbors doors talked to everyone they can. There's a lack of vetting on gun licences that and it's intentional in many places but i think we have to you know beyond even just talking about the regulations that i do think matter and would make sense. I think there's a real question of you know you want a gun licence okay but what's the process by which it would be reasonable for us to give it to you because many of these folks i believe if there was even the slightest vetting they would be knocked out. If it was more than just walking in and paying money they would be knocked out to your point. It is different different than a driver's license but look at a car can be a deadly thing. A gun can be a deadly thing and it's one of those conversations. I think we need to have a i'm not tang. It's going to change tomorrow but i do think there is a problem in the way we're looking at this politically because the right has framed the issue in such a powerful way. That's even the conversation about the regulations. I have a real question of whether or not this whole issue needs to be reframed and i'm not sure that the burden of proof is the right way to reframe it but i wanted to ask your thoughts on that because in some ways we're playing on their playing field. When we're talking about these issues we must stop the glorification of violence violence in our society. This includes the gruesome and grisly video games that are now commonplace. It is too easy today for troubled world youth to surround themselves with a culture that celebrates violence. We must stop or substantially reduce this and it has has to begin immediately. Cultural change is hard but each of us can choose to build a culture that celebrates the inherent worth and dignity ignity of every human life. That's what we have to do so so i'm an advocate for lots of gun laws and gun reforms in a resident of the state of new york that has you know pretty rigorous gun licensing licensing provisions so all these things you're talking about like that takes place in new york but people would say in response to your argument will. That's done on a state by state basis in new york. The decision is made eight and the courts have upheld as non infringement of the constitutional right under the second amendment the right to bear arms these commonsense licensing practices but in other places they don't so listen. You're saying this conversation. Maybe should extend into the congress and federal legislation of licensing. Maybe that's a good idea. Maybe it's not i think that's a lot more difficult to do and there's a little bit less supportive ford of that probably depending on the state you're talking about and there may be less support for that federally than for some other things i take your point but i think also people would say to the extent. It's a constitutional official right and not everyone loves that. That's a constitutional right that that the better analogy is not necessarily driving a car for which you have no right or becoming a u._s. attorney or someone else or getting security clearance for which there is no constitutional right but rather speech or voting and in those circumstances and i have to think about a little bit more based on the analogy we're using the burden if that's the right way to talk about it and usually that's the way we talk about no proof beyond a reasonable doubt in the criminal trial not in the exercise of a right generally speaking you have a right to free speech and you don't have to pass a test <hes> or show that your speech is going to be smart or wise or productive before you have the right to exercise you know that privilege under the first amendment and so you know the difference between american all these other countries that people sometimes miss in they in their in good faith. They're making these arguments two new zealand there was this massacre this terrible massacre and overnight as everyone points to they changed the law will new zealand doesn't have a second amendment and these other countries have not exalted the ownership of guns and the right to bear arms to the same degree that this country has but that's the reality we live with so some of these things are very difficult to do because there's a thing call the second amendment right so i want to agree and disagree. I want to agree with you that as a constitutional amendment there's not that many of them and they're important and so- constitutional amendments are part of the fabric of american society okay so again even conceding that think about the first amendment which we talked about in free speech yes you and i have the right to say to say what we want to say but there are limits and when it turns into hate speech that is not allowed you and i could be in a movie theater and say terrible things things about someone and that's completely allowed. We can't yell fire in a crowded movie theater again because there are limits and i think the question is the the way the and i don't have the exact answer the framing of this as it's an absolute right. That's very hard to regulate and that states do it one by one. I think we have to reframe that and the other point. I would make an you make a great point about new york which has really strong gun laws <hes> where i was a g and new jersey has really strong gun laws in both of those states four out of five guns illegal guns that are recovered in the states. Those states come from other states so you know the pipeline is virginia ohio pennsylvania ania a lot of other places that supply mississippi a lot of other places that supply unlawful guns and even in we saw one of the weapons using a mass shooting recently it was purchased in nevada that has lax gun laws and so we have to think about this as a national problem because as federal crime always considers people across state lines and that's that's why you have federal offenses and so i think i think we have to sort of think about you know. Are we making a mistake by going down a road where the framing is kind of already said or do. We need to reframe it now. Let's go back to the politics of this because you and i think you worked in the senate at the same time. Do you remember the vote on the senate floor. This is going back. I don't know if it was two thousand and six maybe two thousand five where they passed the amendment admit to one of the bills that would not allow gun manufacturers to be sued. I remember you remember that. I remember i think i was on the senate floor that day and i could vividly recall. Call standing there and thinking so we've we've now essentially given immunity to gun manufacturers that in any mass shooting they have no liability and i remember standing on the senate floor and thinking. How can this happen in the united states senate and i think it's a it's a really fair question for the american public to be asking which is how can mitch mcconnell. All the republican leader of the senate and the republicans are in control of the senate now. How can he be stopping these reforms from being passed because i believe that the democratic house of representatives it's would pass additional gun regulations they have h._r. Eight has a number sensible gun regulations and when you talk about how can mitch mcconnell do this. Let's just remind everyone everyone mitch mcconnell held up and blocked the confirmation of a supreme court nominee lawfully inappropriately nominated by barack obama many months before an election because that's what mitch mcconnell does this whole issue of of how we think about the gun laws and whether there are reasonable restrictions that are okay. I think there's no human being even the most ardent second amendment supporter who actually disagrees with that when you put to them the following example p people to judge has has said it this way look. Everyone has a right to the have a water balloon and no one has a right in america to have nuclear weapon. Those are the two extremes of what you know a right to bear arms. Might i mean and we need to think about how to draw it more carefully. <hes> one other thing just to raise preet. We talked a couple of times about eight chan dan and the social media the sort of posting board that people have used in new zealand that shooter there had posted his manifesto on eight chan on this website before the shooting here el paso the shooter also posted his manifesto. I think it was nineteen minutes. Before the first nine one one call came <hes> <hes> he posted his manifesto online on chan something pretty extraordinary happened last night because the company that was essentially when you have websites like this it is often the case that people who wanna take them down hackers and that they will make a concerted effort to flood the websites with <hes> requests that essentially the crush the site and you can think about you know in your own lives think about you know the day after thanksgiving when everyone's doing online shopping and some of the websites crash they just can't handle the volume and so there are these web providers essentially that provide what's called d._o._s. Protection and they stop they stopped this from being able to happen to websites and the company that was providing that protection to chan said yesterday that they would no longer provide that protection and so you know it. It basically appears that h we'll we'll be taken down. That doesn't mean that there isn't another site that will come in its place one of the things i was struck by reading about this sort of use of of the internet this way is that it is afforded lone wolves and people with extremist views to find a community and to one another on and there's even been reporting about people sort of wanting to top other mass shootings and so i think it's just an important piece to think about how technology and the internet is a part of this and you know. Where do you draw the line. And how do we think about this and so you know i i am by the way eight chan the company that provides the protection the protection against hacking. They did not stop after new zealand after fifty when people were murdered there they did stop yesterday. Here's a perverse thing about the macabre timing of the last two shooting incidents. These things happen every few days. Every few weeks and the numbers are mind boggling right. There's something about the fact picked that there was a mass shooting on saturday afternoon. In thirteen hours later there was another mass shooting and you know fruit for google underhill the compound effect of those things on the same weekend in the same cycle. Has i think caused more people to think about this more people to take stock the guy to take that action the president to make you know perhaps a better speech than he's made in a while. People talking about having the senate comeback and thinking about these is bill passed in the house all that activity. I hate to say it probably would not have happened. Had there been the one incident and so it's it's. It's terrible awful to think that it sort of seems to require <hes> not just a mass shooting but you know really particularly awful one whether it's parkland where kids you're killed or this weekend. Were two things happen. In two different cities in two different states thousands of miles apart the causes people to take action and it shouldn't it shouldn't be necessary but it kind of is yes and i would even add the gilroy garlic festival into the state. It was sort of the drumbeat of one weekend. There's this mass shooting then the next weekend. There's two mass shootings and someone said last night that there's been more mass shootings this year than there have been days of the year there've been extraordinary number verb mass shootings in two thousand nine hundred and i think you're right that the three coming so close together have really galvanized our attention <hes> onto this problem and also frankly the garlic festival in california is a social event that families attend walmart a lot of families were. They're doing back to school shopping in dayton at at that shooting it was at nighttime a lot of people were out having fun and so i think there's also a sense of you know and they're always in my mind with the mass shootings that it could have been any one of us at those events answer those places and obviously they're targeted for specific reasons those specific locations by the by the murderers by it's really important to note that i think that there is a sense dance among the public that you know but for the grace of god go i can make a point about bo shootings relating to something you mentioned in passing earlier and that's open carry laws and the absurdity absurdity of it in the craziness of it. I saw a former a._t._f. Agent on television. This weekend described to me. What's a chilling scenario and that is you have a bunch of family sitting in a restaurant with windows in texas or somewhere else where there's a very liberal open carry policy and you have a guy getting out of his car walking towards the entrance of the restaurant and and the guy is strapped and he's got a long gun and he's clearly his got ammunition on him and he's walking intently towards the front door of the restaurant now in the old days before you had so many open carry states. It's people would call nine one one. The cops would come and would prevent what might be potentially mass shooting but there's no way there's no way in a state that allows a person to walk openly with firearms like that to know if the person is coming in to get an omelette or if he's coming into shoot everyone in the restaurant and that's kind of frightening meaning and the related point is when you think about dayton and so far. There's been no evidence to suggest that was a hate crime or domestic terrorism apparently the shooter. They're also killed his sister. Before he went to the location where he killed nine. People and remember he killed nine people in a minute flat and there were police nearby and by the way in el paso so there were people who were armed and as you say it creates confusion and some wrong reports about there being multiple shooters plan of which is this idea that we're going to solve the problem by giving a good guy a gun to take down a bad guy with a gun extending even to teachers who are who are supposed to be educating our kids on earth science and biology and chemistry three in english when you have someone who is capable of killing nine people in a minute even officers are nearby and even in circumstances where there are citizens. I'll have weapons seems quite silly. Yes and i will say this. The dayton officers the dame police officers did an extraordinary job to get there in less than a minute and to stop the shooter and it is really true. When you hear law enforcement folks talk about what do you do when you get called to the scene of shooting and there's ten people holding guns and sort of running around with weapons you have to identify who the shooter is and you know if you're if you're not sure who's who it's very very difficult to respond in that situation it creates chaos and the last thing law enforcement enforcement wants in that kind of very difficult fluid situation is to not be able to quickly identify who the shooter is so going back to what laws we pass separate from things that deal with guns and the proliferation of guns and open carrying background checks and red flag laws and all the rest. There's this question of why we don't have domestic terrorism statute. People get a little bit confused when they see folks talking about the f._b._i. Investigating something has domestic terrorism. That's the definition uh i hope you've enjoyed the sample of the cafe insider podcast to listen to the full episode head to cafe dot com insider and become a member. That's cafe dot dot com slash insider too many of you who have chosen to join the insider community. Thank you for supporting our work.
1.9 The Early Years of Jamestown
"Hello. And welcome to the history of the United States episode one point nine really years of Jason. Before we get started for today. I want to address the fact that I have become aware of some audio issues throughout the last couple of episodes. I did everything I could to try to troubleshoot the problem and figure out what was going on. But ultimately decided that the best course was just to do a bit of an equipment upgrade and the benefit from that too. Is that I'm going to hopefully, sound a little bit better from this point out. So I wanna thank you all for your patience. If you had noticed the issues and remember, I'm still learning exactly how to do this whole recording thing. We spent the past two episodes discussing the founding of Jamestown in our first episode. We took our settlers across the Atlantic. And then last time we discussed the other people who are already in Virginia. Specifically, the pouting confederacy today we're going to turn and look at those early years in North America for the English and the struggles that they would face. We know that the English are eventually going to prevail and come to dominate what would become the United States over during the early years of the Jamestown colony. That's revival was hardly a guaranteed thing after all colonies had failed before beyond the spectacular failure of Roanoke during the fifteen eighty s one must only look to the north and sixteen or seven friend other colony that was doomed to fail. The Virginia company's other calling the problem Connie would pack up at home in June of sixteen wait. So during these early years, the survival of the colony was a real and legitimate question. Those early years on the ground would further suggests that the Jamestown colony may not be viable settlement. During the first year loan more than three quarters of the colonists are going to end up dead. These stresses in hardships cumulate in the winter of sixty nine sixteen ten drink. What is now known as the starving time. Originally, I had planned to have this episode cover those early years as well as the starving tie. However, as I got working on things became apparent that doing? So would mean that this is going to end up becoming much longer episode that I wanted to produce. So this week we're going to focus on those early years right up to the winter of sixty nine sixteen ten we're going to look at the organization or really rather lack thereof for the early colony and the effect that had had on the people. We will continue also to look at the relationship with the powered and people's then with his behind us next week. We will turn our attention to that winter of sixteen o nine the starving time. And all but it meant for these early colonists. Today's we look back over four hundred years to Jamestown. It is almost impossible for us to view, the colony as anything other than a great success after all it is the place where the United States got started. We love the adventure story of the is seeking a better life and going forward to establish not just a colony. But in time a nation. Really? It is the backbone that elementary school history is based upon however, the reality is the colony Jamestown during those early years was as close to an unmitigated disaster as you could possibly get between sixteen seven sixteen twenty to approximately ten thousand people made the journey to Jamestown only two thousand of those people are actually going to survive of the original one hundred four people who made it to Jamestown in sixteen seven less than forty or still alive. Nine months later, the difference between Jamestown in Roanoke is at Jamestown was able to resupply colonists. Whereas Roanoke was unable to replace the dead. The problems in Jamestown were nearly immediate the. First problem is something that we had discussed back episode one point seven the location of the colony was problematic for a few reasons as discussed before the island where the colony was located was a patch of swampy land, this meant that the one thing that the colonists were never short on or mosquitoes and the diseases that they brought the location of the island also produced a particularly brackish form of water, especially during the summer combine that with the fact that the waste from the settlers mixed in with this local brackish water supply proved to be a haven for disease with the Bisky does and make sure of salty dirty gross water. It led to a exceptionally. High death toll. Well, disease later food shortages are going to begin the dominance to relies moving forward. The first concern that the colonists have to deal with is going to be that threat from the local Indians almost immediately upon arriving Jamestown tension between the Indians and the English boiled over into conflict aggression from power Dement that the first order of business was establishing afford occasion will follow during those first two weeks after the founding of Jamestown is repeated attacks and aggression on the part of the Indians on may twenty ninth roughly two weeks after the fed into the colony call his Houston's Clavell was shot by the Indians hiding in the long grass he would die about a week later attacks of this nature really exemplified to the English how much danger they are actually in. And it really does push them to get their fortification done as quickly as possible for at least that first month therefore getting the fort done was the top priority by June fifteenth. The Ford had been completed the fort was triangular in shape with cannons mounted at the three corners. The English habit embroiled in a long war against Ireland and had begun pretty depth at this point of building this exact kind of fort. This is good news for the English in the aspect that they were able to get there for up and operating at only about a month time. Volleying the completion of the fort. We begin to see the single biggest problem facing the colonists emerge. And that problem is where are they going to get their food from these problems are going to grow serious by the time. We reached the infamous winter of sixteen o nine stories about cannibalism will begin to emerge. Eight serious shortage of food over is going to be a driving theme of our stories. We've moved through these first couple of years keep in mind that when John Smith is captured it in December of sixteen o seven. It was well he was out on an attempt to trade with the local Indians for food just moments ago. We had talked about the continuing aggression from the Indian tribes in the area. These tribes had not hesitated. Kill any of the settlers before. And having to trade with them. Now is not exactly attacks that anybody really desired. If anything, however, this should show at least the initial desperation that the colonists had even if it meant risking personal safety, securing some kind of food trade was critical to the long-term survival of the colony. Problems with the food supply quickly became apparent to the colonists about a week after the completion of the fort captain Newport, sailed back to England in order to resupply. He had told the colonists that he would be back in about five months of new supplies so setting sale on June twenty second the colonists were now left on their own by this time. However, the colonists already found it necessary to reduce their normal diet storing grain long-term, especially we'll see was especially daunting task during the sixteen hundreds. And by the time that Newport leaves the grain hit become infested with worms at this point the diet. The settlers were eating was reduced to just rations boiled, wheat and barley. Will they waited for Newport to return, what makes this situation so serious for the colonists? Is that obviously this is not the first time people have ever crossed the Atlantic by this. There is well over one hundred years worth of people who have made the journey, and we'll transatlantic settlements are still new for the English. This isn't their first time either. There was nothing learned from Roanoke. The problem for the English in the early years is that this is going to prove to be a multifaceted issue. There is no one reason why things go so far south rather? It is going to be a collection of problems that are going to come together to ensure that the colony was killing settlers off at an astronomical rate. The first problem is going to stem from the perception of the first settlers, the Virginia company had done a very good job in producing their literature about Virginia Virginia was portrayed as nothing short of a paradise. And we've already talked about news regarding the docile Indian tribes and the Indian women who are anxiously awaiting to throw themselves at Christian meant. Beyond this though, the company made economic promises as well. The standard promises of golden riches throughout Virginia was abundant throughout all of the early literature for some in such as Joseph the dream of finding the allusive northwest. Passage still remains. In many ways, the first people crossing the Alantic were akin to the people during the gold rushes of the eighteen hundreds. There was a promise of riches, and they followed it for those coming over to seek personal riches. The idea of having to Farmington fields would have seemed like a complete waste of time. After all you've got these docile Indians who would be more than happy to provide them with all the food and supplies that they need. And, hey, even if the balked there are enough of these other people coming along on the trip that they could man the fields will go out into treasure and gold. What really cemented? These ideas is that coming over in securing these personal riches really is not something. That's that far out of the question the English head to look no further than the Kista doors stories of Cortez, and the Spanish conquering, the Essex was well known by this point and many of the first settlers would have had this something constantly on their mind. Drain. Those early years searching for golden other precious metals was of paramount importance the problem is though that there really isn't much in the way of golden Virginia some say that the con is finding mica as any back huge amounts of to England. And my go though, it look similar to gold is certainly not gold upon arriving in England mica was typically deemed to be worth us something that must have been an absolutely devastating blow to the colonists. Who believed that they were now rich. The end the men who have no interest in working the land and are only interested in seeking a personal fortune. The Connie's have heard from another serious problem that would hamper the food supply moving forward, a lack of labor in the colony that had any real sense of how to farm was a very serious problem adamant that the colony was never able to produce an adequate amount of crops. This is a two-fold issue during the early years a deadly mixture of bad water. Mosquito borne illnesses ravaged the Connie throughout sixteen o seven these illnesses left too, many weak and sick to work at any meaningful way. The secondary issue came from the problem of labor in the colony in general, we talked back in one point seven about the fact that the con- who'd come to Jamestown were a mixture of gentlemen, we were not used to the idea of having to work and vagrants who had absolutely no farming skills whatsoever. The problem would become that the gentlemen, had no interest in actually doing any of the work and just wanted to go explore and find gold and even beyond that these men had never worked in their lives. They had no idea how to run a farm or how to, cultivate, a crop the grits who were left to ten the land where little better off. Most of these men have been biggers on the streets of London. Many of them had never actually seen a farm and would have been just as capable of successfully growing crop as. The gentleman that had made the trip to make matters worse during the early months of Jamestown. The colony was struck with a serious lack of leadership upon leaving England a council of seven heaven chosen to govern the Connie Virginia. The corporate charter of the Virginia committee Leitao careful instructions on how this group of seven should operate and how they should run the colony. I would urge you against the heat that this council seven was a true and functioning form of government in any way. However, well, it was in charge of handing out Justice maintaining the day to day life. This is still very much just operating within a business structure. The members of the council of seven were more Kintu middle management than they were any kind of an actual functioning parliament among the group of seven was Edward Wingfield. Who drew the distinction of being elected the first president of the colony? Wingfield was an obvious choice to be the first president of this colony Wingfield have been one of the original investors in it and was one of the only dusters other than John Smith and his nominal investment. Who went along to the colony in person and didn't just hang back in London waiting for the money to roll in. Well, in obvious choice to be the president of the colony Wingfield would be met with everything from general contempt to outright hostility. The problem for Wingfield is that he failed to ever adapt to the realities of being in Virginia. The class divisions between the gentlemen, Labor's was already something that was causing problems. And rather than proposing a solution to the problem Wingfield failed to even recognize that there was a problem to begin. With Wingfield himself would likely have made no effort to hide the fact that as a gentleman he was entitled to or than the peasantry of the colony Wingfield would put this theory to test early on and found himself accused of gross mismanagement of food stores. Wingfield was accused of taking more than his fair share will others in the colony starved to death. The other council members agreed with these concerns and drafted charges against him. Wingfield through several defenses in accumulations. However, his primary defense was that the lower class citizens had no legal right to accuse him of anything. This argument fell short and in September of sixty seven Wingfield was relieved of his duties as president and was deported back to London. Following the end of Wingfield presidency. The Tasca governing the colonies fell to John Ratcliffe reckless head come across the Atlantic. As the captain of the discovery. Well, a promotion to president is generally something to be celebrated for Rackliff. It would prove to be something of a disaster. Reckless tenures, president would see. Hi, mouse of death and disease colonist, George Percy rotor that time that the settlers that were still living were intense and holes in the ground Percy described hearing the moaning of the Connors as they laid dying throughout the night. Things did look a bit in January of sixteen. Eight win kept in Newport made his long awaited return about five weeks after his promise return. What? Newport returned to was shocking. Only thirty eight out of that group of one hundred four settlers were still alive than we discussed powered ends miscalculation when dealing with the English colonists. And that costs a conveyor belt of settlers of the English had the ability to send to North America. This conveyor belt kicks in with Newport's return along with applies. Newport, brought with him an additional one hundred twenty settlers this means that despite the massive amount of death and disease. The is indigent ury of sixteen. Oh, wait with a net gain, a fifty four colonists. This would be an ongoing theme for the colony regardless of how bad things got the English were always able to replace their numbers. A few months later in April and other fifty one settlers would reach the colony, and it is worth noting that among the second set of fifty settlers are the first women to make the trip. Reddicliffe time as president was just as short as Wingfield and July sixteen o eight Ratcliffe tenure of the presidency ended Greenwich year is the leader of the colony reckless continued to deal with disease and death, and therefore it should not come as a surprise. That ref cliff was a very unpopular leader. Next up on the big stage was John Smith, and he is going to take over the colony eg finally get it onto a somewhat solid footing. Smith was met with a mixed reaction. In the colony in his later writing Smith would show contempt towards the people coming to James with the sole intention of searching for gold Smith complained that these men were contributing nothing to the colony rather sought nothing, but their own personal riches. Quigley after swimming power in the colony Smith instituted a minimum six hours per day in the field rule the punishment for violating the minimum six hour. Workday was quite simple. If you don't work, you don't eat the public- was met with general throughout the colony the gentlemen of the colony view this as completely outside of what they were therefore they were accustomed to such work and had really no intention to do it. And Furthermore, working the field for six hours per day. Well, that's six hours per day when they're not gonna be able to go out and see golden riches Smith would frequently complain about the low quality of labor. He was seen complaining that the worst of lended have been sent with him Virginia. Despite a way spread dislike of the policies and practices of John Smith. The colony actually moved in the direction of self sufficiency drain sixteen o eight if that by the time sixty nine rolled around Smith at manage to plant thirty acres of corn because any increase their amount of livestock and things were generally looking up. And we'll the colony is self was seen better times and was on the road to self sufficiency. It was during this period that we see relations with the pouty. Federally begin to sour. The question shifts therefore to why were the relations beginning to so seriously deteriorate green his time is president John Smith had done much to make the Connie more self sufficient, however, the fact remained that the colonists were still hanging on by just a thread during the summer of sixty eight Smith did everything he could to collect as much corn as possible from power did. Smith made clear that his beliefs were that the powder and people owed him the corn. And that if they didn't willingly provide it he had few qualms with simply seizing it. Smith in his role had some success in trading with powered Smith tactic was to essentially force the power and confederacy into the paradigm of European Court grana conversation with powered brother over shinkin out. Smith reminded him that it is fit for a king to keep his promises. The problem with this. However is that to call powered king was to elevate him to something higher than what Smith would have ever intended. Whether or not Smith knew this is unclear but his also been goal of the Virginia company was converted poet into a vassal state of England. It seems unlikely that Smith would have you pegged as anything less than a future subject of the young English empire for Smith. However, he had little choice is people remain dependent on Paladin, and at least to this point Smith maintain the best over. Hall relation with an Indian leader amongst the group. It shouldn't come as a surprise. Then that the starving. Time comes immediately following John. Smith's departure from Jamestown. Propel in this presents him would do a problems as well. It can be speculated that his initial agreement to provide corner James how came on the basis of him exerting power what better way to contain a college them, become the food supplier. It provides protection for power is people because the English colonists would be hesitant to kill the people who are feeding them. Why quiz should the piloting confederacy come under attack from another source? He would have a powerful ally. In the English the English could not allow powered into lose power. The lease had a manageable relationship with him and would be positioned to have to protect him for potential enemies. Finally should him want to curb the growth or even eliminate the colony. He had control over their food supply. If he cuts off the English the problem is easily solved they're going to starve to death and die. But for pellet in it appears that he has underestimated the amount of corn that the colonists were going to require remem-. After that, the pellet people were semi nomadic. They worry people used to having to ration food will they did have a certain amount of surplus that they used to trade and UCF through the difficult times they lacked the ability to be the sole supplier to the English at best. The ability pout was providing supplemental food supplies in December of sixty eight Smith met with powered and engaged in a tense negotiation. With him pellet knew that the English were hungry and dependent on him for food powered an offer to trade with them. But demanded that the price be paid in stealing guns now for the English that appears to stood as their line in the sand. Well, they showed willingness to negotiate trade. There is a strong reluctance to provide powered and with weapons the English were well aware that the weapons provided entry to pout and could well end up being used against them a future conflict. According to John Smith following a serious speech where he vowed to never see seeking revenge upheld and not provide for Jamestown would remain a close friend if he did powder relented and agreed to treaty small amount of corn on this occasion, without getting weapons back in return, the truth of whether or not this ever took place is absolutely debatable with a significantly barrier. Still existed between powder and Smith is seems unlikely this myth could have delivered such a speech effectively. Likewise, there does seem to be the widespread question about the veracity of Smith's claims later writings as previously discussed John Smith was not above embellishing. Regardless of the circumstances. However, poet in does make clear through these future interactions that his continued support of the English was not a sustainable model. Pouted informed Smith that should the English. Get more aggressive. He would remove his people in high deep in the woods where the English would not be able to reach him. This wasn't an idle threat either from Howitt as previously discussed this group was semi nomadic. They had moved before, and they would openly move again for the English pushing too hard man potential starvation. Making matters worse for the English and October of sixty nine Smith suffered a very serious burn John Smith use this acid excuse to give up the presidency and return to London. Smith would never again return to North America. By this point, John Smith, had become deeply unpopular amongst the other colonists Smith struggle Muniz, colonists and often found himself fighting to keep the colony under control despite this, however, one of the places that Smith does seem to excel in his dealings is with powerded spiff in pallid, and certainly have a tense relationship. But it is Smith who seem to have some understanding of his positions following Smith's exit. The Connie was left in the hands of George Percy. George Percy is going to have far less luck dealing with pouted. These relationships are best exemplified from an incident that took place in December of sixteen nine with food supplies seriously, dwindling impel. Did not supplying the colony with food the English decided to take a more aggressive stance. Led by John Ratcliffe, a pilotless struck to help arm powered into giving more food now before you ask. Yes, we did in the area of Rackliff as the leader of the quality in this episode. So none of this is actually going down during that time where he's leading the colony. However, John Ratcliffe did remain in Jamestown. And at least for a few more minutes is going to remain a prominent colonist. So what was this great plan? Well, it appears that in order to get powered into work with him Ratcliffe at his group. Went ahead and took two appellative children hostage. It is unclear if these were actually physical children of powder or rather were just children of his tribe, regardless. However Rackliff was attempting to procure food through a new more aggressive style of negotiation. And I think it can go completely without saying here that Paladin was not amused by these new tactics Poten in lead ereck cliff and his party to compete with him to discuss providing the colony with food. And upon reaching and settlement Ratcliffe released the boy and the girl whom he had taken into custody. Pellett in however, had no intention to simply let a challenge to his sovereignty go without a challenge. Needing to make clear that he was not going to simply provide corn onto band powdered, lured the colonists into a trap. The men who had a company Radcliffe to meet powered and were summarily executed while men did manage to escape back to the both that reckless at his minute traveled on those who remained aboard the boats managed to get back to Jamestown safely. For John Ratcliffe, though, this is going to Mark the end of the line for him pouting captured him much the same as he John Smith back in sixteen eight over unlike with John Smith, there was nobody there to save him. There was not a ceremonial adoption. Just torture and inexecusable. According to the sources wreck cliff was tied naked to a tree and a large fire was before him Rackliff was then skinned alive and forced to watch as skin was thrown into the fire finely, powdered and Hedrick live burned. So yeah, that is actually pretty awful the incident lift absolutely no doubt as powdered stance. He no longer had interest in sustaining the colonists. And rather such his own personal sovereignty, powder and view, the English as a threat and had no interest in helping them survive. He wanted the English gone. I wanna finish up this week by talking briefly about some of the other changes that were happening to the colony during this time. These changes are going to have a major effect on the future direction of the colony is going to help explain some of the hardships that are coming. The Virginia company had come to the conclusion that the current governance of Jamestown just was not working the council. Seven voting to elected president had yielded nothing but death and disease because any was absolutely nowhere. Close to profitability and was basically just hemorrhaging money the English despite their best attempts were dying at a rate as fast as the English could said new settlers across the Atlantic where they were probably going to die as well. With this in mind, the Virginia company concluded that the council system was not going to be an efficient way to either make the company profitable or help extend English influence in North America as a response to this the company concluded that the best JiJi would be institute. A more absolute system of government inside the colony is that of a quasi democratic council. The company wanted to transition to a one man rule system. The company decided that the officers would become governors of the provinces each governor would be given the power to manage the land as well as interpreted enforce the law. Most importantly, the individual governors were tasked with the job of enforcing the policies of the Virginia company with the changes are ultimately going to mean is that the call any will move from what had been the relative chaos to a much more structured colony under a near military style rule at the same time. The Virginia company was changing how they issued stock the company offered new shares. However, they were unable to issue dividends as the colony at this point was operated, a very deep losses. Instead in order to sell shares the Virginia company sold the stock by offering shareholders profits by the land foreign investment of just Tova pounds, a shareholder would get profits. A one hundred acre pot of lat this is going to Mark the beginning of private land ownership in the English colonies, finally the Virginia. Company did at least realize that part of the problem with the colony had been the low quality of recruits recall an episode one point that when we talked about how many of the initial recruits to go to we're vagrants off the street, and we talked about earlier again today's well if it was seen as an easy solution to the growing homeless problem in London just shift increasingly homeless population off to the far away bed for Julia. Of course, this man that in the call yourself you heavy group of settlers who were completely unprepared for the reality of life in Virginia. This is something that the governor's now sought to move away from and bring some more skill settlers in for control. The new governor of the colony was a Lord, Delaware, Delaware, triples and sixteen o one. When he being accused of supporting a failed attempt on the life of Elizabeth these charges were alternately dropped and just as a quick note that you can show with all your family and friends Delaware's. Great grandmother was Mary bullet the sister of ambulant so see everybody here is related. Upon becoming governor Lord Delaware decided that he wasn't feeling great and decided that it was better to send his Lieutenant governor. Instead Thomas gates, a veteran of the English campaign in the Netherlands set out to take a man of these struggling Jamestown colony gates did not travel Whiteley coming along with him were nine ships and five hundred men this was by far the largest ever made to the Virginia colony to that date. Unfortunately for gates the trip proved to be difficult one of his nine ships. One of them was losses in another ran aground in Bermuda. Problematically the ship that did run aground imprimatur happen to be the ship. That gates himself was on. This means that when these and other ships arrived in three hundred settlers were in Virginia in August of sixty nine, sir. Thomas gates was not among them when John Smith leaves Jamestown in the early follow sixteen o nine the colony had between three hundred and four hundred settlers, and they were under the command of a man who was shipwrecked in Bermuda. The colony was now in command of George Percy who was left with the impossible task of leading a struggling Connie through will be the most trying challenges that they had yet based in two weeks time, we are going to get into that winter of sixteen nine sixteen ten the period that has become known as the stubborn time is going to Mark the low point for the Virginia colony and nearly dooms them. To the exact same fate as the Roanoke. Colonists some thirty years before. So that I will see you back here in two weeks time, and we will begin to address the starving time in detail. Thank you for listening, and I look forward sneak back here in TV's.