24 Burst results for "John Marshall"
"john marshall" Discussed on Stuff You Should Know
"About this? Yeah, and everyone was kind of debating. They were like, you know what? I don't think we need to add a constitutional amendment. I think it's probably okay. You know, all the early brilliant minds and early U.S. government were trying to figure this out. The kind of thinking that, hey, we got to move through with the purchase and what kind of figure it out later. If we need to add an amendment, maybe we can do that retroactively. And then his treasury secretary Albert gallatin said, you know what? This should be allowed under your authority to make treaties. That's how I read it at least. And Jefferson said, that sounds good. Let's debate it. They debated it in 1803 in October and the Senate voted 24 to 7 that it was all good. Yeah. Which makes sense. I think it was upheld later on in 1823 by the Supreme Court by no less than Jefferson's political rival, John Marshall, justice John Marshall. Said, yeah, actually, this is totally correct. The president's allowed to make treaties under the constitution and you can acquire land through treaties ipso facto, the president can acquire land. And ever since then, that's just been part of America. Although it'll probably be reversed in the next couple of years. How about a break? Yes. All right, let's take a break and we'll talk about the fact that this really wasn't a purchase
Jackson set to make Supreme Court debut in brief ceremony
"Justice catani Brown Jackson will make her Supreme Court debut today in a ceremony before the high court's term starts next week President Biden will be among those at Jackson's ceremonial investiture Brown Jackson do solemnly swear Where she'll repeat the oath she took upon formally joining the high court in June During the brief ceremony Jackson will also follow a half century custom by sitting in a chair that once belonged to John Marshall the 19th century chief justice who was also a slaveholder Jackson is the court's third black justice and its first black woman Sagar Meghani Washington
"john marshall" Discussed on WTOP
"Vehicle stopped on the side of the road. Treat that as if that's your family member or that's your family. John Marshall with the national highway traffic safety administration. Every time you get behind the wheel, it's a very serious thing that you're doing and you need to be safe and you need to be focused on the task at hand. To move over law is also meant to protect first responders like police, firefighters, and ambulance workers. You've probably noticed it's just a little cheaper to fill up the tank this week. While still very high gas prices are beginning to fall. News four transportation reporter Adam tuss explains what led to the recent dip and what could cause prices to once again surge. Yeah, still painful to look at the price at the pump, but at some gas stations around our area, the price is coming down pretty significantly. We actually found $4, 49 cents in Arlington, and triple-A is saying that a lot of this has to do with the demand for gas right now, but it is hurricane season and we have to watch out for that. We're going to break it all down for you, coming up on news four tonight. Well, speaking of gasoline prices, gasoline futures have been falling sharply over the past month, along with crude oil prices. And as you can imagine, that is raising hopes, prices at the pump will continue dropping, gas buddies, Patrick de Haan, is among those with high hopes. He believes that by August at the latest, we'll see prices below four bucks a gallon. Stations do deliver the lower prices, but it takes them time to get access to that cheaper price to sell through their expense of fuel and to start lowering their price. The price of a barrel of U.S. crude oil is now about 98 bucks. That's down from $108 late last week. This just into the WTO newsroom. Washington commander's owner Daniel Snyder has offered to testify before the House oversight committee later this month. According to a letter sent to chairwoman Carol maloney, Snyder will testify by video, we'll
"john marshall" Discussed on WTOP
"To you by long fence. 20% off savings on fences decks and pavers go to long fence dot com and schedule your free estimate today. 9 11 now, gas futures have been falling sharply over the past month along with crude oil prices. And that is raising hopes that prices at the pump will continue to drop. In fact, gas buddies Patrick dehan believes that by August at the latest, we will once again see prices below $4 a gallon. Stations do deliver the lower prices, but it takes them time to get access to that cheaper price to sell through their expensive fuel to start lowering their price. The price of a barrel of U.S. crude oil is about $98 down from about a $108 late last week. The death of a triple-A worker who was helping a stranded driver in buoy this week is a grim reminder to drivers to obey the state's so called move over law. There are versions of that law in every state and D.C.. It's unfortunate that we need a law for these kind of situations John Marshall, with the national highway traffic safety administration says everyone should be looking out for each other. See a vehicle stopped ahead of you on the side of the road, whether it's a first responder or just a motorist that's broken down, we should all practice slowing down and moving over. He says every time you drive. Be careful out there and just remember how dangerous driving is. We're seeking WTO P news. Knew this warming this morning, a woman is dead and three others injured in two separate accidents in our area. Early this morning, a woman died in a head on crash in suitland. The other driver and another person was seriously injured. Prince George's county police say it happened on regency Parkway when one of the vehicles crossed the double yellow line. And last night at Alexandria, a pedestrian was seriously injured in a hit and run on route one at Huntington avenue just south
"john marshall" Discussed on WGN Radio
"Well anyway there you have it the planners That's the fourth record here the number four record I should say John Marshall's list goes all the way back to 1957 John Yes the bladder the platter is sold more records than any other group in the entire 1950s So they were a big deal This is from their album simply called the platters featuring only you on federal records currently up to $1000 Oh very interesting I didn't realize that they had sold more than anybody else in the 50s One 8 6 6 5 O Jimbo one 8 6 6 5 O 5 four 6 two 6 we go to Bill in dagsboro Delaware for John Marshall hello Bill Hi good evening I have actually several in front of me but I'm looking at the first Devo album And it's the vinyl is like it's like marble It's a whole different color Yes that happens frequently Colored vinyl like that is very common but how collectible is it all depends on the collectability of the recording artist Fortunately Devo is just not that collectible So up to $20 Oh dear There you go But do you bring up a very interesting point but you had some others go ahead and let's get your others Joe Cocker what you got mad dogs and English men No it's just as Joe Cocker was an exclamation mark on the front and a picture of Joe Cocker when he was young Well again I love Joe Cocker but again I can't make him worth money if people aren't willing to buy so he's not very collectible So again no more than $20 Three strikes and you're out How about one more Yeah go ahead go ahead Bill One more here Merry Christmas by Bing Crosby Yeah I have been in a Santa hat Is that the one that you have Yes Yeah Of course white Christmas the biggest selling single of all time So there's a lot of them out there He does have records worth money but they're mostly from his soundtrack movies like showboat and Holiday Inn going my way They can fill up to about a $100 But the Christmas album that you have sold so many it's worth up to about $25 Oh dear But thank you for calling And thank you for listening Bill much appreciated one 8 6 6 5 O Jimbo one 8 6 6 5 O 5 four 6 two 6 Something else we should keep in mind here by the way about the values that we're talking about These are two record collectors Now I don't know if there's a Joe Cocker fan website out there but there might be people who go to that that would find that album more interesting maybe some of the bigger names like The Beatles or The Rolling Stones Again it depends on the audience that you're going for but we're talking only what record collectors are willing to pay for One other thing don't have an artist if you have a chance to have an artist's sign your record album don't do what I did and have the artist sign it because although that increases the value I'm sure to some people but not to record collectors right Well you know authenticity is the big problem If you had a picture of that artist signing the record and you holding it well you might have something but collectors they don't like anything written on the covers or labels Anything that you change in the way any kind of collectible was originally released you can hurt the value So there are more speed a lot of graphs out there and el dos autographs and signatures than there are originals So you really got to be.
"john marshall" Discussed on WTOP
"Pro Internet customers only equipment taxes and these extra and subject to change After term regular rates apply A 28 Traffic and weather on the 8s here is married to Pompey and the traffic center Indie John and we will start out traveling in Virginia with our better news interstate shallow remains pretty light but we do have secondary roadways to watch out for in Virginia on 50 If you're traveling eastbound passing stream fellow closer to the Greenbrier shopping center I guess the mere field lane right in front of the Popeyes There's an overturned vehicle signaling getting by watch for possible police direction even in the westbound direction we might have equipment come and go should be prepared 66 however front row into rosalyn both directions moving pretty well Same with 95 between Fredericksburg Springfield three 95 and all the way through the 14th street bridge on route 7 inside of the beltway near John Marshall high school they do have the big event the nova central farm market supporting the local farmers they have traffic control So be ready there at John Marshall drive possible traffic control but no delays It's still Sunday morning Beltway runs well both in both in Virginia and in Maryland If we move into Maryland the big story 7 O four Martin Luther King Jr. highway is closed both directions between 50 John Hanson highway and whitfield chapel due to the crash investigation at 92nd avenue both ways follow police direction 50 at the bay bridge they did clear the work follow your signals there but the eastbound span has been restored 8 95 south out of Baltimore the crash before 97 still on scene stay tuned the left to get by The more you save the more you earn the more you'll like having a money market account with Andrew's federal credit union your membership is only a moment away married to pampa WTO traffic And here's storm team four meteorologist Michelle Grossman It's going to be a mostly cloudy day continued cold as well You could see a light snow shower maybe flurries later today highs in the upper.
"john marshall" Discussed on WTOP
"X at 13 The report was the outer loop and they sent a crew to look for some type of debris in the roadway and you would find that almost at speed our beltways drive but we do have some weather farther west one of our listeners was telling us they were in Germantown with some rain freezing on contact there So with caution Laura will tell you about the weather but if it looks wet it's probably frozen and some of The Rain to the west and north would definitely freeze on contact but again if you can delay when closer to home especially we're going to get some cold cold rain We're looking now inside of the beltway Baltimore Washington Parkway was remaining closed in both directions between Maryland two O two and 50 New York avenue This is a crash investigation from the overnight hours bottom line followed direction there watch your diversion and the diversion points would take you to a roadway with an easy work around northbound to 50 south bound two O two could get you to 50 So plan ahead but give yourself a little extra time We're looking into Glenn Bernie where the crash is working on Marilyn 100 heading eastbound at 97 Light volume but as you come around the curve at exit 13 stay in the right lane to get past In Virginia they were clearing a crash 95 in Quantico after the Russell road exit watch out along the right side route 7 near John Marshall high It's going to be an event happening today and with our grocery stores completely empty the farm market they're no essential farm market expecting a big crowd Take it easy free online assessment about your home's energy use get personalized energy tips and claim free energy saving product products from Washington gas get started at Washington gas dot com slash profile married to Pompeo WTF traffic Storm team four meteorologist Lauren ricketts gonna be a sloppy one today is in a good one for saying inside to watch football You're right about that yeah just stay inside today I mean it's a pretty morning out there here in the district But we're not seeing The Rain that some of our friends to the west.
"john marshall" Discussed on WGN Radio
"All right that is Billy Joel in his record number 6 on John Marshall's list of ten records worth of up to a $1000 or more and the tell us more Well this record originally came out in 1978 and in 1980 they put out some more copies but somebody made a boo boo and amount in mono instead of stereo Stereo copy no more than ten to $15 But the mono copies of the stranger by Billy Joel currently up to $2000 Wow that's pretty good One 8 6 6 5 O Jimbo one 8 6 6 5 O 5 four 6 two 6 and John in Rehoboth beach Delaware joins us tonight Hello John Hey Jim and John how are you man We're good Thank you I have the record to Bristol stunt with the jacket signed by the members of the dove Ella's Would that be worth anything you think Well it's not good to have them anybody sign these things Anytime you alter a collectible from the way it originally came out you could hurt the value It never originally came with an autograph Now the autograph and you have a value into itself but it won't help the value of the record itself Do you have the picture sleeve that came with the 45 or is this the album Yes I have the picture slate that came with it Yes Well the record itself is up to around ten to $15 up to another $20 for the pictures leave The reason I asked if you had the album it's currently up to a $100 Okay Thank you very much John and thank you Jim Hey thanks for your call John one 8 6 6 5 O Jimbo one 8 6 6 5 O 5 four 6 two 6 on the bohanna show As a general rule in order to be collectible the artist I assume in most cases has to be at least a little bit recognizable right Well not necessarily There is a lot of artists and a lot of people who have never heard of that have written worth a lot of money One that comes to mind is a guy by the name of junior mccance 1967 Who's ever heard of junior mccance I'll never forget his last tour He had a 45 call me for your new love $18,000 So just because you've never heard of it doesn't mean it can't be worth a lot of money Who's the guy that got talked into making a record by Barry Gordy Frank Wilson Frank Wilson was a record producer at Motown and Berry Gordy wanted to record one song called Do I love you did I do Great record He didn't want to do it He says I'm happy being a producer I don't want to be in the spotlight But apparently very insisted Frank cave didn't recorded the record and then Barry wanted him to go out and promote it and he said nope that's where we draw the line and two reasons it's worth a lot of money Apparently very Gordy demanded all copies to be destroyed if that's what's going to be But of course not all copies were destroyed Originals up to $40,000 $40,000 And it also falls into a category as junior by chance does called northern soul These are records that are obscure soul records from the 1670s can be extremely collective Wow how about that All right Another call here in a second but right now let us go to record number 5 5 5 fire The great David Bowie 45 from his diamond dogs alum it's called rock and roll with me.
"john marshall" Discussed on WGN Radio
"Latest list of vinyl records ten records worth a $1000 or more if the condition is right that happens to be number 8 on our list And what is it John Good rapid tonight sun records one of the early works for Elvis 1954 currently up to $1500 Okay that let us just great And again I mean some of you have stuff like this stuck away And it wasn't even your record And you don't know it I mean could you use the extra 1500 Well you know it's a little rhetorical question there Here's a call from Bruce in the St. Louis high Bruce Hi how are you tonight guys Fine thank you I have got a big collection of records And then a couple that I'm interested in is the first one is Joe Biden a field hippies I think the name of the island is metaphysical circus Metaphysical circus I haven't heard that years Not a big record the current value on it up to about $50 Okay How about mason profit to hangman It was on a white vinyl Yes No more than $20 from mason profit White vinyl or black vinyl or any color vinyl Okay And indeed go ahead Bruce A rare bird as your mind flies by Revert you've stumped me on rare bird I'm not sure who the rare bird is the name of a group you know We are rare bird is the name of the group and the elbow name is as your mind flies by It's from the 60s also Psychedelic is it Somewhat yes Yes I'm not sure but I'll tell you what Go to my website money music dot com Some of the info and no charge I'll do a free appraisal four and find out All right There you go Thank you very much for your call Not easy to stump John Marshall I got to tell you that there are no bonuses for that but it happens occasionally but I mean this guy you probably the seriously as we go to the next call here you probably know more about the value of vital records than any other person in the history of the universe I mean really right Well I know a lot of people that know a lot I think maybe I'm able to get it across to people a little bit more If I was at a record convention just talking to record collectors we would be talking about records that nobody had ever heard of So we kind of bring it down to the lowest common denominator So we can tell everybody basically what their records are All right Call from Frank in lone oak Texas hello Frank Hello there I think I got the $1500 record here Going back we before most of you guys time to weavers with woody grocery and old 78 RPM titled goodnight Irene Yes All right Is that a collectible led John It's not a Big E but it's up to about $50 But we've really started our top that's what's the going back to 49 Yes.
"john marshall" Discussed on WTOP
"Accurate But Johns Hopkins researchers say rapid antigen tests providing results within 15 minutes compare solidly Those tests on about 6000 people at the Baltimore convention center field hospital detected COVID in 87% of patients with symptoms and 71% who are asymptomatic and the researchers say that's higher than expected The two tests compare solidly And in high volume settings the rapid test has the advantage of being cheaper quicker and more convenient Christy king WTO P news Well that's some good news there One firefighter has been hurt another is in the hospital following a house fire They fought a house fire in the district late last night late Tuesday night D.C. fire and EMS called just before 10 o'clock about two hours ago to suitland road in southeast where they found a three story family home on fire Officials say a firefighter is recovering in the hospital and two people including a second firefighter were evaluated on scene by EMS four people one dog Displaced in that fire A small historic community established in Prince William county after the Civil War will not be swept away by future development The county has purchased the two partial acre of land along John Marshall highway near haymarket in his plans to convert it into a public interpreted park Freed slaves and mixed race families including those of Native American descent from fog here culpepper rappahannock and Warren counties lived in the farming village many of the original buildings structures cemeteries and features like okram baptist church still exist today Border supervisors chair and Wheeler says this is an important step for the county to begin to preserve another piece of the past and celebrate the story of one of Virginia's significant integrated communities Kyle Cooper WTO V news Now 1213 the city of Fredericksburg and the Stafford county sheriff's office have settled a federal lawsuit that lawsuit was filed by 9 people alleging civil rights violations during protests over George Floyd's murder last year a confidential sum was paid by insurers for the city and the sheriff's department The National Park Service has awarded a contract for more than a $160 million to improve the George Washington memorial Parkway from spout run to the beltway The interior department says the work will improve the driving experience safety and water drainage along that stretch of the Parkway while at the same time reviving its historic beauty The work is tentatively scheduled to begin in 2023 and should be completed in 2025 Coming up on we go on a tour of the D.C. jail It's 1214 When we and American Eagle dot com were asked by our client repair clinic to well repair their website our digital marketing experts like Tim rolled up their sleeves and got to work You know Tim you know that he loves a good challenge which meant that this project was pretty much the highlight of Tim's year From improving slow loading performance that plagued our client's site to slashing duplicate pages and building and optimized sitemap Tim was like a real-life action hero but of website optimization And our client reaped the benefits With major strides in their SEO like more traffic impressions and revenue Tim and the.
"Why Should We Take the Bread Out of the Mouths of Our Own Children and Give It to Strangers?"
"Is a crisis on the southern border and it does not involve robert francis aerobic and so robert francis rourke the fake irishman another fake hispanic irishman. He's very much irish. Thinking of running for the governor. The governor's mansion in texas doesn't involve him but it does involve the millions of people that are illegally flowing into our country. John adams famously. In a letter to the secretary of state. John marshall said why should we take the bread out of the mouths of our own children and give it to strangers. Frederick douglass. Who was incredible. And frederick does not get enough attention. In my opinion by republicans by conservatives by commentators said the old employments by which we have heretofore to four gain our livelihood are gradually and may it seem inevitably passing into other hands. Every hour sees the black man elbowed out of employment by some newly arrived immigrant whose hunger and whose color thought to give him a better title to the place. He's making a moral argument. That when you form a government your duty. Your responsibility is first and foremost dear fellow-countrymen to your citizens not to the foreigner not to the newly arrived person
"john marshall" Discussed on The World and Everything In It
"Eight associate supreme court justices each can hire four law clerks often recent law school grads often from the same elite schools that produce the justices themselves. The chief justice can hire five. He gets an extra clerk to help with additional administrative duties in the marshall is the court administrator. The marshall gets about ten aides to help with that job often. Recent college grads clerks and marshall's aids work for one year terms. They are paid. But well below what you might consider market rates and yet it's a coveted job. Yeah partly because of the future payoff some law firms pay upwards of four hundred thousand dollars to sign someone who's been supreme court clerk law clerks have prestigious job and highly intense late nights long hours and the interview to get the job can be the most nerve wracking part. David morrell who clerked for justice. Thomas recalls his experience. Oh yeah it's this brutal process. It's the worst. Part of the job is getting the job and having to run the gauntlet of the four current clerks. You come in and ask you questions and no matter what you say. You're wrong and sometimes it's a trick. Question lopped potential clerks. Maybe a little hazing. So what do you think about the dorm. Congress clause doesn't exist very dr ryan. Oh what do you think about. Start assizes what do you think about the fourteenth amendment. And they just pepper. You and it doesn't matter what you say and you could be john marshall. You're an idiot now. That's saying something because john. Marshall was the fourth chief justice who helped establish the principle of federal and the court's authority in marvi madison in.
Learn the History of Jacobson v. Massachusetts
"Case in the case, known as Jacobson vs Massachusetts. Jacobson. His lawyers argued that the Cambridge vaccination order was a violation of the 14th amendment rights. Which forbade the state from depriving any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law. Question then was whether the right to refuse vaccination was among those protected. Of the personal liberties, the Supreme Court rejected Jacobs argument and doubt the anti vaccination movement is stinging loss. Writing for the majority Justice John Marshall Harlan acknowledge the fundamental importance of personal freedom. But also recognize that rights of the individual in respect of his liberty may at times under the pressure of great dangers. Be subjected to such restraint to be enforced by reasonable regulation, says the safety of the general public main demand. This decision established what became known as the reasonableness test. The government had the authority to pass laws that restricted individual liberty if those restrictions, including the punishment for violating them were found by the court to be reasonable means for achieving a public good. Bottom line. There had to be some kind of real and substantial connection between the law itself and legitimate purposes. The Jacobson decision provided a powerful controversial president. To the extent of government authority in the early 20th century. In 1922, the Supreme Court heard another vaccination case, this time concerning a Texas student named Rosalind sucked, who was barred from attending public school because her parents refused to have her vaccinating. Zach's lawyers argue the school district ordinance requiring proof of vaccination denied her equal protection of laws. Under the 14th amendment. The court disagreed. Justice BRANDEIS wrote in the unanimous decision long before the suit was instituted, and they cite Jacobson vs
"john marshall" Discussed on The Adam Carolla Show
"Their game which overtime obviously know. The game was tied up so he obviously missed the kick. Oh is this. Ot now i guess. He missed a chip shot if they're still playing. I don't know if this is. This is from earlier in the game or not because this then he makes second announcement about lennon. He didn't so he didn't make it. Make it to send them number time. No they were tied up. Oh then he must have missed it. Oh okay so i Anyway next time. I'm doing monday night. Football and iraq icon. Get shot in the back in front of his hotel are in front of his apartment. I'm gonna wait the extra. Three seconds to the kicker mrs or makes it and then while they're flipping the coin to see who's getting the football. I not or heading locker room. Then i'll make the announcement i dunno. I i disagree because hold on a second of silence. You're only here because you brown-nosing sorry. We're not allowed disagree about him. Only on certain occasions. Brian and up when it's time disagrees but guy shot off. Yes go ahead disagree. Wouldn't it have been a weird even weirder or offices where no matter what to break. The news as people are celebrating on the field jumping up and down this sort of the way. Apparently juxtaposition celebrate. I mean i agree. There's never a good time to do it. I guess you do it. You let them celebrate or whatever and do whatever and then you have to put it in. I guess my feeling would be like. This is a huge story. I don't want wedge it in between the guy trotting out on the field and the ball either. Making it or not going in there at the time i would assume he's gonna make this because it's a close field goal. There's a very good chance guy was to for two and this was like a thirty something yard or so i'm gonna assume gonna make it and the game's going to end because there's three seconds left on the clock and i feel like i'd wanna talk about it a little bit. It feels to shove in before the play. That's where that's where. I think you're wrong. If you're cosell you want something like the field goal or the business at hand to put a button on it and be able to move on from the story but that's the other thing too so you mentioned you. And that's why. I wanted to see the rest of it. They didn't show it. I will now. It's extra where because you go. John lennon is dead. John marshall lines up thirty four yard field. John any drills in the patriots are going to. Now it's weird to me because you just said this big story in the last decade. Now you're moving on to a guy you have to watch a replay. I'm saying with with with ten minutes left in the game. You gotta say it. With three seconds they went to commercial and they had three seconds left in the game. My point is i would have said. Let him fucking kick the field goal. And then we'll say this new story just came in and maybe the question is if it's something you would stop game to tell the players then tell everybody if not let it breathe let it be is what you're saying exactly hate zone out too soon to be fair vertigo. Sally didn't know john lennon was tragedy plus time well speaking a linebacker i wanna hear. I wanna hear the weight. That's what i want to hear by the pretenders. Joe come my love. let's turn you on. Yeah i get it. You're in love with the asian bitch we get it. We get it and calm down the library but the pacing signed. I always get the live version whenever i go. Hey can i hear a book. The first one i saw. And it's actually only a thirty second clips anymore disappointed..
"john marshall" Discussed on WBEZ Chicago
"So that plan is a work in progress, but we'll meet the deadline for Monday's filing at the clerk's office. At issue is how much power the mayor should have in hiring police, breast and setting policy. Activist back to models would strip the mayor of that authority. Claudia Morel. WBC news Kyle Rittenhouse will make his first in court appearance today written houses the Illinois man accused of killing two people during a protest in Kenosha, Wisconsin, over the police shooting of Jacob Blake. Attorneys and prosecutors in Wisconsin are expected to iron out details another housekeeping matters ahead of his trial slated for November. Chicago Firefighters have rescued a 17 year old, a 17 year old male who fell about 40 ft down an air shaft. Deputy district Fire chief Dennis Carbonneau says the teen initially was taken to a hospital in serious to critical condition after the rescue. It took two hours early this morning. Police say the team suffered minor injuries. They say the team was with friends on a rooftop in the old town neighborhood when he fell it about four in the morning down the shaft between two buildings. You. I see. John Marshall Law School is changing its name to the University of Illinois Chicago School of Law. The U of I board of trustees approved that change yesterday. The school acknowledges John Marshall's legacy is U S Supreme Court justice. But it says newly discovered research into his role as a slave trader and owner, as well as his racist views make him an inappropriate namesake for the law school. Vote follows input from students, faculty and alumni, and it started coming in after the John Marshall Law merged with USC two years ago. It is 10..
"john marshall" Discussed on WTOP
"Businesses independently owned and operated. 7 18 traffic and weather on the AIDS Now back over to Jack here in the W T o p Traffic Center. Okay. Be careful downtown. We've heard earlier She left the freeway to go north found in the 12th Street tunnel. We'd had a truck that was stuck in the right lane trying to get into the tunnel. So just be careful if he's still there. You've got a delay building Now on D C to 95 south after Eastern Avenue, headed past Nanny Helen Burrows Avenue down toward East Capitol Street Still look good, though I to 95 voxant coop toward the 11th. Getting onto the freeway. You're fine, headed over toward the third Street Tunnel. Little heavy off the case. Bridgehead on the freeway eastbound riding toward the freeway, and the third Street Tunnel is well but should find nothing in your way in Maryland, the Beltway topside out of the brake lights around New Hampshire towards Georgia. The delay leaving Frederick is around 85 through Havana, down toward 109. Columbia, still slow to recover the crash. 29 South bound the river's edge road block in the left lane. Two to the right should be getting you by. There was an earlier medical emergency on University Boulevard eastbound your veers Mill Road along the right side. Police activity on 704 up near Glen Willow Drive unclear if that's still there, down in Oxon Hill to 10 north as you approach the Beltway. That's the reported crash. Now, your bell Ways looking good in Virginia between Alexandria and McClane. 66 is still stacked. Leave in Centerville going west towards Manassas. I believe your work soon as you head out toward business to 34 cleared. It had been along the right side. So hopefully all gone 66 East little bit heavy coming back into Centerville than at the Beltway 95 north out of Fredericksburg into Springfield. Delays mainline down around the Prince William Parkway. Then again, heavy. Just riding out a lord. In toward Newington. There was an earlier accident. Wilson Boulevard eastbound your John Marshall. Dr. Don't forget the milling and paving project causes delays in Centerville 28 running north between Compton Road New Braddock Road Now 28 north near 66. We have a reported crash still quiet on the Greenway and the Dulles Toll Road. No hiccups yet to report on the George Washington Parkway north or South bound, headed toward the airport. There's traffic board is sponsored by Burke and Herbert Bank, where your business means everything. It's better at Burke and Herbert Bank at your service. Since 9 18 52, Jack Taylor. W T o p traffic Mad Rid US of sunshine breaking through this morning. Yes, Um Cloud's breaking up just a little bit. Just enough sunshine started to get through now, especially in the Northwest suburbs. But we'll see if you were clouds fill in during the day today..
"john marshall" Discussed on WZFG The Flag 1100AM
"There's no need to pack the Supreme Court. You can simply dismiss them. Now. Congress can decide if it's constitutional or not. I understand your guest talked about about once the articles were filed, the Senate had to do something all right, but I do not agree with them being the ones to decide if their actions their constitutional to me. There is no check and balance in that whatsoever. Let's talk a bit about that. And as I read the constitutional provision, James Wellner about impeachment at No point Does the Supreme Court have any role in this? I mean, quite frankly, I understand what Andy is saying. But the Congress is the judge of all of these issues. Is it not? Is there any point in which someone could have said Hold on, this issue transcends our authority. It goes to the Supreme Court. Yeah. I don't believe so. I mean, the Supreme Court is not the ruler of America and not noise the president nor is the Congress. They all have their own lanes. They all get to adjudicate and what the Constitution ultimately means. But they don't get to say this is or is not okay? And John Marshall would argue that they probably couldn't say that. And so it comes down to what is is this in a proper exercise of the Congress's power, and if it's not Then the constituents of the people in Congress who supported can can get new members of Congress who won't support it in the future in that world instant signal. If they don't want them use impeachment as a as an intimidation were first of force that somehow bars people from participating in politics as opposed to just voting against them in the ballot box. Let me read just a quick line here from Article one, Section three of the Constitution. The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments does that say, In essence, we are the final arbiter and we can decide constitutionality. I believe that it says the Senate has to charge or to try all impeachments that does it mean that the Senate can decide what is and is not constitutional. I don't believe that the Senate can convict you or I if we if the House decided to impeach us or that we happened to serve in the Department of Interior somewhere one day Don't think that makes it means what that says. Well, if the Senate does not have that part if someone must, in fact decide the issue of constitutionality, If it is not in this case, the Senate then who is it? That's the thing about our system, sometimes. Their personal. There's no one in charge because we don't have rulers in America. The second thing is, the Senate gets to decide how it exercises its power. So long is that doesn't violate explicit for otherwise, you know, constitutional provision elsewhere. And But it doesn't mean that the Senate Qin just go ahead and just throw everything out. Say we have the sole power we can impeach anybody. We wanted convict anybody we want and do whatever we want. There are limitations here. Our government is about limitations, and it is important to keep in mind. Soul power means that the Senate tries impeachment prior to the end of the convention, it was actually the national judiciary that tried the impeachment. And the Senate was given the jurisdiction of it was a controversial move at the time. But they were given the jurisdiction because they didn't know how to ensure that the judicial theory who was appointed by the president would be an independent tribunal. Or to come will be back in a moment. It's surprising,.
"john marshall" Discussed on WTOP
"24 73 65 Listen, live on air on a light. Or in the W T o P F 7 28 traffic and weather on the eights Married upon those in the wtlv traffic Center. All right, thank you, John, thanks to our listeners who always keep us up to date on things and they're selling you. This is definitely a geographical storm. If you will, and Matt will tell you all about it is moving from the west to the East. It's coating roadways farther west in the Shenandoah Valley like 81. Only a single lane getting buying some locations. 3 40. I 70 years seeing heavier snow and you're seeing more code of roadways closer to home. Not so much what pavement listener was on the freeway 6 95 heading the Southeast freeway westbound around the curve. After the 11th Street Bridge of Mia said there was a crash solo spin out, blocked the rightly and asked if it's snowing. She said. No, it's what So she also saw hail on New York Avenue. So it depends on where you are. We do know. In Capitol Heights. There was fire activity. It's a structure fire along Benning Road Watch for response just north of 7 25 more liberal pike. He should be on senior Clovis Avenue and possible direction. There again 95 in Maryland from the capital Beltway through the Baltimore Beltway running without incident, But we've had a lot of colors about the large flakes that are coming through. In Virginia. Interstate travel Doing well least incident wise, 66 coda from front Royal and moving East very rapidly, be prepared extra time caution, stopping distance and be sure to have your lights on. Same 3 95 95 note incidents currently has from the 14th Street Bridge from running into Fredericksburg. EZ Pass Express would point North bound on an early Sunday morning, but not a lot of vehicles on the main road. So yeah, there you go. You may not want to pay for that. But It is available to you. We do know that on Bueller Road north of 1 23 between 1 23 and John Marshall, Dr Rain, sleet or snow. There's still the delivering produce two vehicles at the nervous Central farm market there the Church of the Holy Comforter, so watch for vehicle traffic stopped and direction as you go through Married to pump the W T.
"john marshall" Discussed on KNBR The Sports Leader
"In the NFL, right? I mean, with the way that passing is in this league and everything else, like he'll have those same numbers. He'll have the numbers of the vehicle. Wow. Matt Stafford. Unbelievable. Look at me. Look at me. You look at me yards. He has Get 45,000 yards right now. 5000 almost 5046 50 42 42 43 44 He almost 4100 passing yards this year. His Children 82 touchdowns. 144 interceptions numbers wise. You can't compare him to guys that have played in different eras and different generations. It's easier to pass these days. So Matt Stafford can start winning some playoff games can make a run. Maybe if he gets with a good team. I know New England looking for a quarterback. I don't know their roster is good enough for it to really matter. But I'm excited to see mats after go elsewhere. Is no one should have to play their entire career and my family in suburban Detroit. I've root for Detroit teams. My cousins went to Michigan State, so I root for US party over the over the Michigan Wolverines. But like I want to see now, when that's African do while not in Detroit, and I'm gonna see what Detroit could do with a with a guy Dan Campbell, who had one of the more embarrassing press conference I've ever seen. I mean, I laughed at and I played it on my show. Connor. I'm sure that you know it got your attention, as well with the kneecap breaking and everything else. But like Is that really the that really what you want to hear out of your head coach when he's having his introductory press conference? I really think you want to hear maybe just a tiny bit more professionalism, and I really do wonder if that's one of the reasons Matt Stafford was like. Look, I got to get out of here. Guys, Please send me somewhere else. You need to rebuild the young quarterback. When you hear your new head coach talk about biting kneecaps. I don't think that's a good sign. Total Savage. He's speaking in profanities, by the way, no one else was interested in Dan Campbell is a head coach and the dot and the and the lines even a six year contract. Right, like if you would if you would have given him a four year contract. If you would have said no. Then he goes back T o the saints right? Like he had no leverage other than you wanted him. You give him a six year contract. You want her to? Stafford saw that press conference has said, you know what? I'm good. I'm all right, like sent me to another organization. Because this this is a listen. I would love to be wrong because I have nothing against Dan Campbell. Like I said, I would like to see the lion succeed. But this is your head coach that you hired If you're a player on this team, and you see this mean, you want to be laughing at your head coach? Because I mean, that's what pretty much everybody was doing people Carthy has an update will come back. We have predictions on the game, and I had some plot some prop predictions as well and well, I will talk to Maura's. Well, It's John Marshall, CBS Sports Radio. Here's people Carthy with an update. See me? Yes. Sports flag. John Championship Sunday is.
"john marshall" Discussed on WTOP
"S Navy Memorial and John Marshall Park for permitted First Amendment rallies of up to 100 people. They will be met by U. S Park. Police escorted through magnetometers. The closures will be in place through at least January. 21st The log unstained w T o P knows and his preparations continue for Wednesday's inauguration. The Secret Service says security precautions could evolve even after plans are decided they're subject to change to one bridges across the rivers will be closed when they will be. We opened. Which specific bridges those will be Matt Miller, Secret Service. Special agent in charge says people who live or work inside established perimeters could get questions answered by building management. Each has a dedicated secret service. Contact their special accommodations, which need to be made way also have the ability to do that sign up for information alerts by texting a knob 2021 to the number 888777 Christi King w T o p noon and in fact, tonight bridges are being affected at this point. The security situation is making that necessary. The Arlington Memorial Bridge closed tonight It will be closed through Inauguration Day. We're also told the Roosevelt Bridge and the eye 3 95 14th Street Bridge will be closed that planning to be close starting six AM Tuesday through Thursday morning at six. Virginia's congressional delegation put out a statement about this, They said the plan is part of the strongest security response in history without in its words going too far. It's 9 35. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi has announced a new effort to review the security breakdown last week, and she has a warning for lawmakers. Here's W T. O P S. Mitchell Miller, the House speaker, says retired Lieutenant General Russel Honore, who was involved in the response to Hurricane Katrina, will carry out a wide ranging review related to the attack on the Capitol inspectors general from the Justice Department and several other federal agencies will also undertake investigations. Lucy became emotional as she pointed to a rioter who wore a shirt bearing the name of our Schwitz to see this punk with that shirt on, and his anti Semitism to be part of a white supremacist raid on this capital requires us to have an after action review. Pelosi also says if any lawmakers are found to have provided help to people who were involved in the rioting they could face prosecution. She did not say when she plans to send the article of impeachment against President Trump to the Senate to start his trial on Capitol Hill, Mitchell Miller W T. O P. News. Pelosi is expected to send that article of impeachment to the Senate sometime next week. Maryland Governor Larry Hogan has declared a state of emergency as the region prepares for Wednesday's unusual inauguration. The action allows the state to better coordinate support and lend assistance to other jurisdictions. Hogan has also asked the White House for a presidential disaster declaration. To cover the costs of its response to last week's capital riot. The governor says Maryland will do everything to help secure the nation's capital and ensure a peaceful transition of power. 9 36 Finding great candidates, the higher Converium like well, trying to find a needle in a haystack. Sure you can post your job to some job board. But then all you can do is hope the right person comes along. Which is why you should try Zip Recruiter for free.
National Mall closed to public ahead of Biden inauguration
"Authorities warning police nationwide Extremists are planning more violence leading up to Inauguration day and in the wake of last week's U. S. Capitol siege in Washington, D C National Guard members and local and federal authorities in lock step to protect the nation's capital ahead of the inauguration. Core areas of the National Mall already closed. The National Park Service writing areas near the U. S. Navy Memorial and John Marshall Park have been designated as demonstration areas. For those holding permits. Demonstrations will be limited in Number and participants will be screened prior to entry and escorted to their permitted location. In addition to other safety related requirements in ASDA Liquid Terra ABC News, Washington will be met by an unprecedented show of force 25,000 National Guard members helping protect against the domestic threats.
Amy Coney Barrett & The State of SCOTUS
"So the topic I want to go to now is on the question timing the fact that this nomination is coming rather late in the fourth year of a president's term has made it controversial in fact, timing of just. Nominees to nominations to the supreme. Court has been controversial now for four or five years for a variety of reasons. So that's the first question. I would like each of you to tell me your position on on the question. Should the Senate be voting on a nomination to the Supreme Court right now sire you yes or no on that? I. Mean Yes. John All right cy you are yes. On the same question Irwin should the Senate be voting on a Justice of the supreme? Court now yes or no no amy honeybear bear should not be confirmed at this time. All right. Thank you I. Want to go first use for your reasons. Why are you a? Yes on the on the question of the timing of the nomination right now well, on the question of timing I think the Senate has the authority to consent the president is nominated someone. I don't see any reason why the Senate Caq Senate is doing other things it's it's considering thrown a virus relief. Of course, it can legislate until the members leave. and. So nothing nothing prevents the president from nominating someone nothing prevents Senate from acting upon that nomination and I think there three positions John. I think one position is you must vote on the nomination I. think that was Erwin's position for years ago. A second position is you can vote on the nomination, but you shouldn't that might ear ones position today and I the the middle position, which is you can vote on the nomination and you should. Thank your ticket back to you. So what I hear size saying is the Senate has every legal and constitutional right to be doing this now. They, certainly have the legal and constitutional right to do it, but they shouldn't do it. This is stunning hypocrisy by the Republicans for years ago Senator Mitch McConnell said, the American people should have a voice in the selection and the next Supreme Court justice. Therefore, this vacancies should not be filled into we have a new president. Antonin Scalia died in February two, thousand sixteen. President Obama named Mira Garland for that seat in March of two thousand sixteen. There was eight months before the election was to be held in the Republicans wouldn't hold hearings or wouldn't hold about Ruth Bader Ginsburg died on September eighteenth of twenty twenty, and already the Republicans are looking to fill that seat. There is historical precedent. On October twelfth eighteen sixty four chief justice Roger Tawny died the president Abraham Lincoln didn't try to fill the vacancy in the month before the election or nineteen fifty-six Justice Sherman Minton resigned from the court but President Eisenhower didn't try to pick the successor instead an October fifteenth. He made a recess appointment of a Democrat William Brennan. So whoever won the election would pick the successor? Alright let. Let me jump in because I I WANNA give cya chance to respond to some of what you're saying. So so I think we heard from Irwin saying that. eight months. was enough of a lead time and they were talking about the case of Merrick Garland back in two thousand sixteen. But that one month one and a half months is too short and he sites precedent of other examples where presidents had more of that timeframe. So what's your response to that? I think are ones making a slightly different point I think if. They. Can See had risen eight months ago I think are only making the same exact point, which is what's good for the goose is good for the Gander. So it's not really a question of timing. There's plenty of time as Irwin and other people now there there's GonNa be a vote in the Senate. The point is about equity I. Think the point is about precedent in Irwin has some precedents would, of course, you can go back to previous administrations in sight other presidents. John Marshall was appointed days before John Adams left the Presidency Steven Briar was nominated and appointed to the circuit court after Jimmy Carter lost. So there, there are precedents obviously for acting after the election. Let alone before I understand there's some raw feelings about what happened four years ago and I understand that people have flipped Irwin. Himself is flipped a apparently senator McConnell may have slipped as well. I think. It's unfortunate. This game of delaying nominations has gone on for quite a long. I have a colleague who waited two years before she withdrew for circuit court position because it wouldn't allow vote. That's just sort of power politics on both
It's the Little Things
"For want of a nail, the shoe was lost for want of a shoe. The horse was lost for want of a horse. The rider was lost for want of a writer the message was lost for want of the message the battle was lost for want of a battle, the kingdom was lost. Small things can have reverberating effects on history both good and bad. In fourteen fifty three, the great walled city of Constantinople fell it had withstood sieges for eleven hundred years. It had held off fire from the then state of the art cannons for weeks. The Byzantine said even Ford soldiers trying to tunnel under the wall autumn Turks were finally able to overrun the great city because someone left the door open. One of the many gates in the fourteen miles of wall had been left open during the night and the Ottomans flooded in. Killing Constantine the eleventh in the battle and bringing an end to the eastern Roman Empire. My Name's Moxy and this is your brain on facts. It was a freezing Christmas night in Trenton. New Jersey during the revolutionary war. The English Colonel Johann Gottlieb Rall. Commander. Of a mercenary infantry regiment of fourteen hundred has seen soldiers from Germany sat down to a good supper and an evening of entertainment. He and his men were celebrating their recent victories over George Washington's volunteer army, and of course, the Christmas holiday. Safe from the bitter cold and the pelting sleet inside a wealthy merchants home that they had commandeered. They relaxed safe in the assumption that no one in their right mind would possibly try to cross the Delaware River at night in a blinding winter storm. Someone challenged role to a game of chess, and before long he was deep in tactics and strategy. There was a knock at the door. And exhausted young. Messenger boy came in bearing a note from loyalist farmer. It's important to remember that about a third of colonists still consider themselves to be British and didn't want the revolution. Raw paid the boy little notice took the note and put it in his coat pocket without opening it. That pocketed piece of paper would cost him and the war effort nearly. Two hours earlier and ten miles away. Washington's men had begun being ferried across the icy Delaware. River. It took over ten hours to get all twenty four hundred men over to the New Jersey side. The conditions were so adverse five men froze to death. Then began the arduous march to Trenton in the dark. The plan had been to attack the town from all sides before dawn, but the troops didn't arrive until eight am. During the attack which lasted only an hour forty of the German. Henson's were killed and the remaining thousand surrendered. Colonel was mortally wounded. When his body was found the unopened note warning of Washington's crossing was still in his pocket. If role had read it, he would surely have had his gross of professional soldiers prepared. He allowed his pride and the weather to lull him into thinking his enemy was not a threat. Had he won the battle he may well have killed George Washington James Madison James Monroe John Marshall Aaron Burr and Andrew. Hamilton The. Second, most common premise in alternate history circles behind what if Germany won World War Two is what if the south one the American civil war? Two pieces of paper dropped in a farmer's field almost brought that about. Confederate General Robert E. Lee. Whose statue in the middle of my hometown of Richmond, Virginia has recently been given the historical context. It's so sorely needed. In the form of tons of. Graffiti. Issued Special Order one ninety one during the Maryland campaign before the Battle of Antietam. In the order lead divided his army, delineating the routes and roads to be taken and the timing for the units to reconvene. Adjutant Robert H Chilton penned copies of the letter endorsed them in Lee's name. Staff. Officers distributed the copies to various confederate generals. General Thomas Stonewall Jackson in turn copied the document for one of his subordinates, major general, D H Hill who was to exercise independent command as the rearguard. A Union soldier Corporal Barton W Mitchell of the twenty seven. Th Indiana volunteers found two pieces of paper bundled with three cigars as he marched across a farm in Maryland an area recently vacated by Hill and his men after they had camped there. The order provided the Union army with valuable information, concerning the army of Northern Virginia's movements and campaign plans. Upon receiving lease lost order. Major General George McClellan leading the Union army of the Potomac proclaimed. Here is a piece of paper with which if I cannot whip Bob Ely, I will be willing to go home. He immediately moved his army in hopes of foiling lease battle plans. When Lee heard a copy of special order one, ninety, one was missing he. He knew his scattered army was vulnerable and rushed to reunite his units Antietam Creek near Sharp's Berg. Lee's troops arrived tired hungry and many were sick. The Battle of Antietam, would go down as the bloodiest battle of the American civil war with casualties recorded as twenty, three, thousand dead wounded, which was usually as good as dead or unaccounted for over the course of the half day battle. That's nearly two thousand soldiers in our one every two seconds. When night fell both sides ceased fire together, their dead and wounded. The next day Lee began the painstaking job of moving his ravage troops back Virginia. Here, some scholars argue another solitary decision had far reaching consequences. Despite having the advantage. McClellan. Allowed Lee to retreat without resistance. From his point of view, he'd accomplished his mission by forcing Lee's troops from Maryland and preventing confederate win on union soil. President, Lincoln however thought McClellan missed a great opportunity to potentially end the war three years earlier than it ultimately would.
Black Teachers Wanted
"America is becoming more and more diverse every year and that means our schools are also also seeing increasing numbers of students of color but the trend isn't necessarily reflected in teachers across the country. Black students and other students of color rarely see the teachers who look like them and that can have serious consequences for their education and their future for the beginning of black history month. We wanted to play you. An episode from our archives that goes into the history of black teachers in America why gaps and representation among teachers persist to this day and what we can do to address this issue. Hi I'm Lizzie. Does he get era and misses the scholars strategy networks. No jargon each week we discussed an American policy problem with one of the nation's top researchers without jargon and and in this episode I spoke to Dr Michelle Foster. She's a professor. And the Henri Hauser Endowed Chair in urban partnerships at the University of Louisville and a former teacher in the Boston public school system. Here's our conversation Dr Foster thank you so much for joining us. Thank you for asking asking me. So you've conducted a lot of research on teaching but before that you were in the classroom yourself. Where did you start teaching? Well I started teaching in and the Boston public schools before desegregation which was in one thousand nine hundred ninety four and so the first year. I was a system wide substitute teacher which meant I taught in almost all of the schools. That would be in Boston. That would have you. That would have me and sometimes the schools that where I could manage. oftentimes the principal would come at recess. And if I was still there he said can you come. I'm back tomorrow because as you know. Substitutes often have difficulty with some classrooms and urban schools and then the second year I was a teacher at the William Monroe Charter school which was one of the first magnet schools in Boston. And can you tell US quickly. What a what is a magnet school? A magnet schools were schools that usually had themes And they were designed to help ease desegregation to have programs that might be a program in music. What theater with the idea that you would attract voluntarily Ellen Terry Lee attract white students to attend thereby making it easier to desegregate and Boston had magnet schools before actually the court order in nineteen seventy four? Lots of Cities Louisville has a magnet program. So I had a three four five combination at the charter school. which is we're not too far from where I lived? And then the next year I had a job. As a fifth grade teacher at the champlain. School which was in Dorchester. And tell me more about those experiences. What was that like working in the Boston? Public school system during that time. Well that was a time. When Boston didn't necessarily hire hire black or African American teachers black teachers tended to be segregated in predominantly African American or black schools? Boston would often have overcrowded. African American school bus them passed a under cry and under crowded white school to another overcrowded. Black school the charter school was of a magnet school. So it was is racially mixed but the champlain. School was probably predominantly baby. Ninety nine percent African American there was a school across way which was the John Marshall School and the schools were segregate they were in a cluster of schools. But the John Marshall's which was across Washington street at the time was predominantly white and my school was predominantly African American. We it was like today day. We have very few supplies not many many books. Hence Loretta Premium No Playground equipment was a place. Where if you want to be a successful teacher you had to be creative? And it's one of the places I learned. I think to be a good teacher. you know. If you don't have textbooks textbooks are good but you can do a lots of things if you don't have them so one of the things I used to do is take the textbook and cut up the story the reading story and put on cards and hand them out to the kids and then I read the first paragraph and I say who is that the next one and that solve off two problems one. If you've ever taught you realize kids don't follow along so they never really know what page you're on that solve. That problem and I realized later on that I was teaching sequencing using because in order to know what comes next. You have to listen so it is possible with not a lot of equipment or supplies to be creative in your teaching but but of course you have to WanNa be wanna be creative and I had not been prepared as a teacher you know. I didn't study teaching so I was left to my own devices. But what I thought would make sense for kids and part of my principal was to have them excited. I felt like if you came to school every day. It was like Christmas. was you'd WanNa come so of course. I was probably not your typical teacher and and I think that my kids probably made too much noise. The principal would always be knocking on my door as they were noisy. Because in those days I suppose even today silence and comportment comportment looking like your on task. Whatever that means? You'll you'll pay attention is kind of rules the day. But I wasn't that kind of a teacher. I would run and have racist with the kids. I would play kickball where I would throw the ball. And then the kids would have to give a multiplication table and they'd have to answer it and then kick so I tried to combine the physical Cole with intellectual. I had all kinds of little tricks that I did. I suppose even as a college teacher later on I have some of those. And how did those early experiences in the classroom GonNa Affect your later research. The research questions you wanted to explore. I don't think I thought too much about that. Initially it wasn't until I laid Iran. Iran started my academic and my first job was at University of Pennsylvania. And I would ask you to summer school courses and I decided to teach teachers perspectives on teaching. You know I just. I just thought it was a two week course. I went decide. I would use autobiographies or biographies of teachers on their own practice. And when I looked into the literature I found very few Accounts of black teachers about their own practice and so. I thought this is unusual because I knew enough to know that for most of history black students have been taught by black teachers right. I knew that so I was shot that there were no. They were not more accounts of their practice. Because I found a few and it on the basis of that. I decided that I would do a study that looked at life histories of black African American teachers. And that's how I got into that area I was led into it just circumstantially. It was not something I had planned to look at. And so tell us about what you found then. Well one of the things I was interested in was what were the experiences of black teachers and I was particularly looking at teachers who were who started. Arctic teaching before desegregation I knew the desegregation was a pivotal moment in the education of African American students. I didn't know what I find and so the earliest teacher who was the oldest oldest was born in one thousand nine five. She taught in polly's island South Carolina. And then I found teachers to a process I called community nomination which was to ask S. communities I made up that term made it up to nominate teachers who they thought were particularly successful and so I went around the country Texas I went to Missouri. Glory and these teachers and then for many many years I wrote academic articles about them. You know just what the teachers had to say was kind of used in the service service of making better big points in a lot of points and then at some point someone. The new press actually asked me if I would write a book and I wrote a book called Black Teachers on teaching and that was like I was ninety. Seven with a twenty interviews are actually you know not condemn not cut up their whole interviews and many of these teachers would teach who started in in segregated schools in Texas and then made the transition to working in the newly integrated desegregated schools in the south. So that's story that I I was pleased because later on many young African American teachers who came of age nineties and two thousands read that book and many of them have commented that the situation that I just got different than what they are today. So you have worked as a teacher both before and after desegregation you have studied sort of that transition and what. It's looked like for other teachers across the country. Let's talk about the situation right now. Do you know enough about the typical sort of American teacher. Fair to say what that person kind of looks like on average today. You know we do know that there are more male teachers at high school than Elementary School. Most of the teachers at elementary the are women and as it turns out. They are white women from suburban and rural communities who teach the population of teach of African American teachers. It has not changed that much over time. In fact I was at a conference not too long ago and although the numbers are increasing in other words number of people afterward teachers will be coming candidates and going into teaching positions. They have the highest attrition rate. They ended up leaving in greater numbers numbers than other teachers. And I think there are some reasons for that. Of course you know one of the reasons is that they often get assigned to the most difficult teaching conditions. I mean let's the honest people want African American teachers because I think that they will be good for African American children. And there's no doubt that that's probably the case but you know if they end up in a school whether or no supplies wear. There are a lot of difficulties and they're not going to likely to stay especially if they don't have support to make it so although we know that the number of African American churches increasing we also know that the number of relieving actually not even lasting three years is also increasing. So it's been a zero sum game. The numbers have not increased appreciably that much because of that and then let's talk about the benefits to students. What are the good things that having a teacher who may be looks like you and your community can afford to students? Well for a long time. People had this idea that was just the role model argument. The reason that African American children in a benefit of having african-american role model then in two thousand three. I think it was a man. Whose name is Thomas? D actually wrote a wrote an article. What he had done he looked at some old studies? Are these that had randomly assigned students and teachers which is very rare in education research. Because you can't resign randomly assigned teachers and students but there was one study and he realized it one of the things he found. Is that where you had a teacher match. When you had a black students who had black teachers have teachers? They actually improved in their standardized test scores scores and of course he had a hard time publishing it. Partly because you know sometimes things that can be positive and also have negative kickback. People thought what would happen if if if we could say that matching teacher and student on race was a good thing. I mean you could use that negatively as well so he was the first person to write that article and then recently there have been more articles that have come out that have shown that African American students who have African American teachers are more likely to graduate graduate. They're less likely to be suspended or punished. punitively they're more likely to be assigned to gifted and talented less likely to go to special the lead and a host of other