3 Burst results for "Jillian Government"
"jillian government" Discussed on KQED Radio
"Military crackdown, and Sudan today, the worst violence since the overthrow of the country's president in April. John Yang has the latest on the violence today. Targeted the center of a months-long civilian movement that forced downfall of the country's longtime ruler. Omar al-bashir dozens were killed as protesters dodge live gunfire, the main opposition group, accused the military of committing a massacre, purchasers vowed to remain on the streets until the generals who replaced by share in April hand power to a civilian government opposition group suspended talks with the military after today's crackdown. The US embassy in Khartoum urged Sudanese forces to stop the attacks and blame the military for the violence for more on this. We're joined by Michael Georgia. He's a special Middle East. Correspondent for Reuters. And he joins us by Skype from Khartoum dirge. Thanks for joining us. I. Can you tell us it's late Monday night where you are right now? What is the situation on the streets now? Well, the streets bring clients the moments started very violently today. Situations, intense, the woman it's what what led to today's events. What triggered the events? I think the military council really informative patients. They've been filled over our governments. They wanted ratio where they can stay in charge even if there's a civilian government, which rejected suggestions. Those talks. Are you say there's stalled and is that the main sticking point is who's going to control the, the government in this interim period before elections? Yes. The main problem is that the military wants to stay in control and basically dominate while the opposition form, some Jillian governments. And as I understand both sides of agreed on elections in three years. It's a question of what happens between now and then. Yes up, right? The transition is the issue. We've heard the opposition accused the military of a massacre in this incident. What is the military's explanation? The military has downplayed the violence upset, they were attacking criminal elements, and they actually at one point announced that they would ready to resume talks, obviously opposition completely rejects this, so they do see as massacre, it's been the most violent since she owes toppled in April. But it's clearly the strongest signal that the military is not going to compromise, at least, for now based on the reports from the street and what you've been able to gather and your colleagues have been able to gather how much truth or how, how likely is the military explaination that they weren't targeting the protesters they were targeting criminal elements. Well, it's clear that they broke up the sit in which has been a huge similar resistance. So there's no doubt. They were they were their aim was to disperse the city, however, some protesters have gone to other parts of Khartoum barricaded streets with burning tires cetera. So that could be issued escalate the crackdown, but doesn't have the military leaders have gotten some support from regional powers, like Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates. They've met with them the leaders of the military who now are now in power. What's at stake for those regional powers in Sudan? The regional hours are concerned about political Islam, the Muslim Brotherhood across the Middle East. So, Dan, of course, has thirty years of rule by slam what they want is to root out these limits, and the that's pretty clear because after the they promised billions of dollars. And there've been movements from general immidiate others. Head of the council to Saudi Arabia and the UAE and Egypt. So it's obvious. They've got full support from those countries, which will make it likely that the military doesn't need to really make concessions at this point. Michael Georgy of Reuters. Joining us from Khartoum. Thank you very much. Thank you..
"jillian government" Discussed on Think: Sustainability
"Exclusion Brad Muggeridge believes stems from the. Idea that western science is the only science in the early ANSA to out environmental crisis, the academies and western sides doesn't see in indigenous knowledge as I saw ans- because that's it was never taught that way in the curricula and oil is point out that our old people generations in generations. Why before western science was even thought about would doing science are all people that had methodologies which was whether that was the law or the Y of being their songs. They dream time stories I tested, the environment by rates to the environment that had results and ultimately results is survival. But unfortunately, western science really funds at hard to accept it. Because he's no reference point. You know, there's no no one account reference ten generations ago of Moy loyal people talking about the water place, and you know, where water flies where it doesn't. When it comes. You know, the indicators what what he can drink. What would he conjuring? And that's the, you know, the Houston suppose might be walled is it. They don't have to include it. Sorta requirement for them to actually make I project consider digits knowledge with no legal Gatien to recognize traditional ecological knowledge in land and water management. Western Centric, science leads to western Centric decision making where these processes are only further enforced. When those making the decisions aunt indigenous themselves, though when like an ecological management plan is written. It's written from the western white perspective. And there might be a small section that talks about aboriginal culture at culture, whereas science and Wisden bureaucracies cultural as well. This is tenuous soul a PHD candidate from Flinders university. I'm a first generation Y to stray leeann part of my research. I'm interested in how why or non? Digits. Paypal manage their want nece, and how do we behave when working in partnership with everage PayPal in twenty fifteen ten years research brought her to the department of environment water and natural resources in South Australia, where she interviewed six offices in the aboriginal partnerships program their role is to work in partnership with indigenous landholders on issues such as feral species. Bush regeneration and the management of national parks five of them identified as white one identified as being by pollination and European Thint. And they will also five men and one woman the point of the research tenure says was to not only highlight how many white people there are in the south is Jillian government. But to unveil a resistance to the very notion of whiteness and denial. That being white would have anything to do with how they make decisions. What did they make the term whiteness? Ooh. That's an interesting one. These people were happy to speak to me. But they were all the people that were put off by the term whatness. Why because they found it confronting the people that I spoke to report it to me about all the other people that would have liked to feign there. But you know, it didn't really like the term whiteness. And maybe if you turn that down a little bit, you know, you'd be able to start a conversation and easing to a little bit more softly. Did they see the term whiteness as an affront to them? What nece has a number of kind of inbuilt reflexes to protect white privilege things like denial or guilt. People can get paralyzed with guilt white fragility, especially because want people often think of themselves as good people and anti-racist as a society. We don't subscribe to rice, high Triboulet more. But the habits that we've inherited from colonialism remain. And so there's a struggle with acknowledging that we're Aggripa of people who are descendants from quite an ugly history. And we don't like to be associated with what nece because it brings to mind what supremacy and also. Want people aren't used to being racialist? We're not used to seeing ourselves as a cultural group of white people. We like to think of ourselves as individuals and quite often, we think of ourselves as well, meaning individuals with good intentions, and that's part of what nece to is that we see an I'm speaking as a white person. So we see ourselves normal and other people are different and other people have a culture. Did they comprehend exactly what you're saying? Most of them could see it. And that's why they will willing to speak to me, but whiteness has its complex and there's lots of characteristics that were very conscious of systemic issues. They could all really see that they were improved positions, and they got paid for their work. A lot of the average people that they work in partnership, volunteer. So they might be sitting on the board of a natural resource management body, or they might be the chairperson or the Representative of an aboriginal organization. They do that in this bit on. But it was hard of them to see what nece within them. So. Sometimes they kind of say there's no other way for me to do my job. This is the way the system is and there's almost resignation to it. There was another discussion around project management. So when they're running a par jet. So lock a conservation project, the whist and frameworks in the project management is very compartmentalized the jobs that ticked off in a certain order, this funding cycles reporting outcomes that they need to make powder that Wisden bureau Crecy, and I can't see any other way. This supposed to be working in partnership with aboriginal PayPal. But it's not always a partnership. We've
"jillian government" Discussed on Gastropod
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But of course, just cutting soda consumption using so detaches pets not the only way to achieve those end goals in my home country. The UK there's been a slightly different approach. So back in twenty sixteen our chance of this czechoslo foreign minister in effect announced that he would introduce a tiered sugar sweetened beverage talks to that that that were different levels of taxation based on how much sugar is in the drink. Adam Briggs is a doctor who studies public health at Oxford University. So you might be thinking, well, what's so different here? It's tax you've told us about taxes. So the way the British tax works is that if your drink has a lot of sugar, it's taxed at a high level if it has somewhat less text at a medium level, and if there's only a little bit of sugar, it's taxed at a low level. There are three different levels. Of Texas and the interesting about the tax system that he announced that it would be introduced off to a two year lead in period. And he said the explicit intention of that was to allow industry to reformulate products will change that products such that they can produce that potential tax liability and the idea of having these three tiers and the two year run up to the tax. It wasn't just to make life more complicated. Like Adams said the whole thing was explicitly designed to encourage beverage companies to take that two years and figure out how to reduce the amount of sugar in their products. So they wouldn't get taxed at the high level. Okay. So we were wondering is there any data showing that this approach would work have any which is what's interesting? Yep. The UK is the Guinea pig in this example, nobody else in the world has ever done it before. So when the chancellor of the exchequer announce this in two thousand sixteen adamant his colleagues were intrigued they wondered how the soda industry. Would actually respond. They figured there were three things that could happen. So to companies could just opt to sell small containers of drinks. So there'd be less sugar in each container. So it would get taxed less the second option. They modeled in their study the companies wouldn't do anything they'd get taxed and they'd raise the price of their drinks accordingly. It'd be like a regular soda tax in our number three was what the chancellor said he wanted to happen, which is reformulation meaning the soda companies would reduce the sugar in that products to go down to a lower level of tax all three cuts, nor that we modeled we found that reformulation we felt we most lucky to have the biggest positive health impact. That's right. Adam predicts that reformulation would have a bigger health impact than the flat taxes that get people to drink less soda after the two year run up the low went into effect at the start of this year. So what happened in reality? So I am of it a team that's independently evaluating the this offering tax here and all day too. Thus for limited. But one thing Adam could tell us is that option three won the soda companies mostly used that two year ramp up to change their recipes and lower the amount of sugar in their sweet drinks these companies, and he's Leukocyte invite Beena are Andrew, which are manufacturers are very popular. So things here UK. I haven't heard of any of these companies, Nikki how big a deal are. They in England. Yes, they are real ri- Beena is a super popular blackcurrant cordial. I feel like it's like catch up. Everyone knows about let home iron brew is basically Scotland's other national drink. It's bright orange and it tastes while physi- and sweet and Lucas but sounds like medicine. It's funny. My mom actually used to give it to me when I'd been sick. It's basically our Gatorade. Okay. So these companies now sell their drinks with less sugar. They've all added artificial sweeteners to replace some of that sugar. This has made lots of British people very unhappy because the taste of their favorite drinks is changed. And while ROY. Formulation definitely reduces the calories in a drink. It does raise some other issues like about the health impacts of the artificial sweeteners themselves, which we are going to come back to early next year. So stay tuned so adamant his colleagues are still collecting data, which means that the jury is still out on whether it tear tax is more effective than a flat tax. What's going on in England that is another kind of tax. But there is an entire other way to approach the question of how to help people cut some sugar from their diet. We started working with our colleagues and Chile and the Chilean government will actually quite a long time ago. This is Barry, pumpkin. Again, he's kind of the go-to guy for a government that wants to try to cut sugar consumption. He worked with Mexico, and they're so detects. And then Chile picked up the phone so berry in the government of Chile. They all came up with a new approach to combat obesity and diabetes. It includes soda. But it also encompasses all the other junk food that folks are eating too late already had a small soda tax too small to make much difference. Berry said. So now, the main tools, they're using our these bold black stop sign shaped warning symbols that are printed on the front of food and drink packages one-stop sign if the food has a lot of fat in it a second if it has a lot of sugar and eight third black stop sign if it has a lot of salt. So this point you might be thinking big whoop. What's so exciting about labels? We have labels on our food. We can read exactly how many grams of sugar are in our sodas, but that doesn't seem to stop anyone from drinking them Sarah said, we get confused by these numbers. We don't know what they mean. We don't know. How many calories were supposed to eat or how many we've already seen? Lots of countries have other kinds of labels often, positively Ables like ones that say healthy choice or low in fat, most of these labels systems of voluntary. And most of them have relatively tiny effects on people's consumption and bus people's health. In fact, industry tends to like, these kinds of positive labels for exactly that reason. So instead chilly went dark these mandatory negative. Front labels. This is something that had never been tried before never in the world. But wait, there's more. It's not just that soda and other sugary foods. Now have these black stop signs on them? It's what you can do. Once you have them labelled like band marketing of this food to kids this summer. Chilly started a complete ban on marketing. So if your product has a warning, local, you cannot advertise it anytime between six AM and ten PM food and drinks with the warning label Kombi brought into schools and food and drinks the warning label. They also can't have fun characters on their packaging, of course, the soda industry fought this move, they fought it all the way to the World Trade Organization, but they lost. So Chile actually won this battle. But are they winning the war? What effect has the Chilean stop signs actually had in terms of cutting sugar and improving public health. It's very big. That's all I can tell you. It's much bigger than the tax. But that doesn't mean. We don't need both we need both this law kicked in about two and a half years ago. And berry is still studying the results. That's why he can't give us many details. But he's really excited about this Chilean program even more excited than he is about what's going on in Mexico or in Philadelphia. Yes, I think I Chile will become the first country in the world to reduce the prevalence obesity. I think it will take five or eight years. But I think I I'm predicting up to now no countries zero countries in the world have reduced obesity and overweight levels Chile will become the first one. This is gobsmack ING. Everyone told us that it was almost impossible to significantly reduce a B city that prevention was the goal actually reducing obesity. How what is it about Chile's plan that so effective will one thing that happened is that just like in the UK industry changed the recipe of their products? They reformulated and they made huge changes. For example. We had Fanta. It had a high. Amount of sugar in it all of a sudden, they added Fanta zero to the market, and then a couple months later, they they cut the sugar in the regular Fanta and the people bought it, but it was a low sugar. Fanta industry has enormous potential to do these changes when they're regulated. They don't do them until they're not berry told us that purchases of the foods and drinks labeled with the stop signs of also gunned down. And the kids are seeing way fewer ads for them. Jillian government has released. A lot of ads themselves to help people understand what the stop signs really mean helped them understand. Why these foods aren't good choices? The. With a bunch of little kids where the kids are clearly rejecting the foods that have black labels on them. And