20 Episode results for "Ivory Coast"
Ivory Coast, Ghana Cancel Cocoa Sustainability Schemes Run By Hershey
"You're listening to the news of this hour on africa. Business radio ivory coast and ghana counseling all cocoa sustainability schemes that us-based her shea runs in their countries accusing the chocolate maker of trying to avoid pain. A coca premium aimed at combatant former poverty an alexa addressed and seen reuters librarian ghanaian cocoa regulators accused of source it unusually large volumes of fiscal cocoa on the icu futures exchange in other to avoid opinion known as living income the financial the letter which also accuses fuji oil holden's bloomers subsidiary of aiding. Her hershey was verified as antic by spokespeople of the regulators. And that was the news now. This time on africa business radio. You can't continue to listen. Live online at stopping you. Ww dot africa business radio dot com or via our mobile app. I am rachel she gender. Thank you for listening.
United Nations Envoy Calls For Peaceful Ivory Coast Elections
"The Appellate podcast shares the stories of multifaceted Africans one episode at a time the podcast aims to uncover The Untold Stories of modern and Millennial Africans off base and various parts of the world. Each episode gives listeners an opportunity to learn and experience conversations that showcase who they are and they're Global perspectives in our own never change in World. Be sure to listen And subscribe to the absolute podcast on Spotify or wherever you listen to your favorite podcast. You can also follow at Affiliates podcast on all social media platforms, you're listening to the news at this hour on Africa Business Radio the special you an invoice for West Africa has urged his for elections and Ivory Coast at the end of a wage visit Muhammad bombas met president on a stand katana who is running for a third term after his preferred successor died the elections a shuttle for 31st, October Mister Chambers also birth. Three of the president's challenges electoral body officials and Civil Society Representatives urged All actors to ensure a peaceful and increasing election and respect human rights. And that was the news that they found one Africa Business Radio. You can continue to listen life online at w w w dot Africa business radio.com or our mobile app. I am Rachel she didn't do well. Thank you for listening.
Chief Justice of Nigeria Urges New Judges to Shun Gratifications
"Kya listening to the news of this hour on Africa Business Radio the Electoral Commission in Ivory Coast says president understand. All Tata has won a third term securing over 94% of the votes and Saturday's election that the opposition boycotted sent out was put it almost 54% while the result has to be confirmed by the Constitutional Council. They've already an oppositional Monday said it was creating a transitional government Mister Alterra controversially announced he was running again after he sponsors choose a successor died suddenly in June. I feel position called. It's an electoral cool some Thirty people were killed during campaigning and on the election day and that was the news at this time on Africa Business Radio. You can continue to listen life online at w w w. Africa business radio.com or our mobile app. I am Rachel children do thank you for listening.
World Kidlines with Paxton 10-16-2020: Money to Homeless People, Varosha Resort, Machu Picchu Visit
"Suicide by my name is pasta in the world is awesome. I'm here to help you know and care more about the world beyond the u. s. a. Today state is up tober sixteenth. twenty twenty. Our first kit nine is police. Is the ivory coast in africa. Rescue eleven children and two teenagers will working on cocoa farms. In december of last year i volume police rescued war than a hundred children from cocoa plantations. Our second cat line is scientists in canada gave thousands of dollars to homeless people. The results homeless people who were given money spent less money on bath. Things like cigarettes than homeless people were not given money. Also homeless people who were given money often knew exactly what they wanted to do with their money. They made plans. This is the opposite of what many people think about homeless people do three money. Our third a cat line is peru opens macho pichu for one tourist jesse katayama a twenty three year. Old tourist in japan went to peru to see you one of the most famous ancient incan fortresses in the world in march but couldn't because of covid nineteen he waited around for seven months and was about to travel back to japan but the authorities who controlled macho pichu decided to open access to the site just for him out of gratitude. Our forth kept line is a north cyprus. We opens a ghost town of a beach resort for the first time since the nineteen seventies. Cypris is an interesting country. Most of the world considers the entire country of cyprus to be independent but turkey considers northern cyprus to be part of turkey. This is where the rocha resort can be found. The united nations is not happy about this because it might cost fighting in. Cyprus began our faith. The kept mine is flooding has been very dangerous in cambodia and vietnam. The water is three meters deep in some parts and our christian of the day is what is macho. Pichu is it a a resort in cypress the the end of days or see and ancient fortress in peru and the answer is c is an ancient fortress in peru. thanks for listening to world headlines with paxton. There's lots of our news for kids. News is dot com. We also on youtube and major podcasting platforms. May your sweetness shine. And your cutters sources for today's kept lies include c. and an all jazeera.
NPR News: 02-01-2019 7PM ET
"NPR podcasts are now available on every major platform checkout all our shows at NPR dot org slash podcasts. That's NPR dot org slash podcasts. Live from NPR news in Washington. I'm Jack Speer. Virginia's democratic governor is coming under fire today. That's after racist pictures from his nineteen Eighty-four medical school yearbook. If surfaced and Bure Sarah McCann's been covering the story and has more on the images, which appear on Ralph nor from yearbook page. These pictures are clearly in the section under Ralph northern section of the yearbook and the images, I think are disturbing there. A man who appears to be in black face. I should say person the gender is not clear person who appears to be an in black face and a second person who appears to be dressed as a K K K member white robe white mask conical white hat north administation today confirmed he is in the picture saying he is quote deeply sorry for appearing in a racist. And offensive costume Republican party of Virginia says of north is neither costume should resign immediately. The White House is celebrating another blockbuster jobs report NPR's, Scott Horsely report. It's US. Employers added more than three hundred thousand workers in January the January jobs figure is considerably higher than most. Forecasters were expecting and suggest the US economy is gaining strength is a begins the new year. The economy has now been adding jobs for a record one hundred months in a row, ordinarily employers might have trouble finding workers matters such a long stretch of growth, but why does it kinda miss Kevin has it says that hasn't put the brakes on hiring people are coming back into the labor force droves, Ed so we're able to sustain their really really high job growth because people who were on the sidelines or coming back in the unemployment rate did inch up in January two four percent. Analysts a much of that increase was the result of the government shutdown when hundreds of thousands of federal employees were temporarily out of work, Scott Horsely NPR news, Washington after some confusing statements from Taiwanese technology company, Foxconn, the company says it is moving ahead with plans to construct a plant in Wisconsin. We'll make screens that can be used for small electron. Onic devices Foxconn announced its chairman spoke with President Trump is the move ahead with a manufacturing facility manufacturing activity showed worrisome signs late last year. But Steve Beck. Nurse has a January survey of corporate purchasing shows regaining strength institute for supply management's closely watched manufacturing index dropped sharply in December amid concerns that slowing global growth and tensions with you. As trading partners were hurting exports. But in January the purchasing managers index unexpectedly rebounded more than two points to fifty six point six that shows an acceleration of manufacturing activity. Timothy Fiori who headed the survey says exports are growing more slowly, but that is being offset by stronger domestic sales of manufactured goods for NPR news. I'm Steve Beck ner. On Wall Street. The Dow closed up sixty four points. The NASDAQ was down seventeen points today grew listening to NPR. The international criminal court is ordered the conditional release of the former president of Ivory Coast was acquitted last month of crimes against humanity. NPR's ofeibea constructing reports the news coincides with the return home of more than fifty allies after eight years in exile, neighboring Ghana full Ivorian, president blue homeboy and his erstwhile youth minister shout Blake acquitted last month of war crimes linked to deadly violence, fueled by booze refusal to accept defeat after disputed elections in Ivory Coast in twenty ten international criminal court prosecutors judges to Bob from returning to his homeland because if they were to appeal they said, I've because may not be able to compel or ensure, but but was returned to now the has approved the release if the former Ivorian leader on condition that he's accepted by country. That's willing to return him to the court in the event a retrial or feB equa Stockton NPR news Johannesburg, the federal judge handling the case of the political Consol. To longtime. Trump adviser. Roger stone is considering imposing gag order is giving the parties until February eighth or submit documents their positions. Joe Jamie Berman Jackson telling stone in court today. The prosecutors could use inconsistent statements. He makes against him at trial. Stone was charged with making false statements to congress obstruction of an official preceding witness tampering. Dighton secured by special counsel, Robert Muller in the ongoing Russia probe the next hearing is slated for March fourteenth. No data ship and set for trial krill oil futures prices continue to add a recent gains up two point seven percent today to end the session at fifty five twenty six a barrel in New York. I'm Jack Speer. NPR news in Washington. Support for this NPR podcast and the following message. Come from Yahoo. Finance live, eight hours of free. Live streaming news without cable or a subscription. Tune in for the news, you need about your money acceptable. Wherever you go.
A concrete idea to reduce carbon emissions | Karen Scrivener
"Highs today count on states new global initiative to accelerate solution to the climate crisis content is about sharing new ideas too few of us know about and encouraging everyone to participate in initiatives that a difference by taking action. We all have a stake in the future of the climate. Now here's a tough on the countdown global launch event. Give him by. Cement researcher karen scrivener karen is a cutting edge. Scientists specializes in concrete. She has great ideas about how to make this indispensable material work for both the planet for those who live on it you can get involved countdown. Ted dot com near more these ideas subscribing to the countdown podcast. Wherever you're listening to this concrete is the second most use substance on earth after water and for this reason it has a significant environmental impact. If it were a country it would rank third for emissions off to china and usa but in fact concrete is an intrinsically low impact material with much lower emissions of co two an energy tongue that other materials like iron and steel. Either things like bricks. But because of the enormous volumes we use overall it contributes to about eight percent of manmade co two emissions congresses and essential material. We need it to house people to build roads bridges and dams. So we can't do without it but we can significantly reduce its carbon footprint congresses held together by cement and cement. We use today called portland. Cement is made by heating together a combination of limestone and clay at a temperature of fourteen hundred and fifty degrees celsius but in fact most of the co two emissions. Come not from the heating but from the breakdown of limestone which is calcium carbonate into calcium oxide and carbon dioxide co two now we can't do without this component altogether because nothing else is so efficient at holding stuff together but we can replace a large proportion of it with other materials with lighter carbon footprint many colleagues are looking for solutions and here in switzerland we have found that claes produce very reactive materials when they're calcined that's to say heated to around eight hundred degrees celsius significantly lower than the fourteen fifty needed to produce cement but more importantly there's no co two emissions from the decomposition of limestone. We then take this call sign clay and we add a bit of limestone but this time not heated so no co two emissions and some cement and this combination of limestone calcined clay and cement. We call c. three now. This sales cicely has the same properties as portland cement it can be produced with the same equipment and processes unused in the same way but has up to forty percent lower co two emissions and this was demonstrated in this house. We built the jhansi in india where we could save more than fifteen tonnes of co two which was thirty to forty percent compared to existing materials. So why isn't everybody already using elsie. Three well cement is a local material. The reason portland cement is so pervasive is produced from the most abundant materials on earth and can be produced in india in the united states in ethiopia almost anywhere and we have to work with people locally to find the best combination of materials to make elsie three. We have already done fullscale trials in india and cuba in columbia. A product based on this technology was commercialized. A few months ago and in the ivory coast the full-scale pont is being commissioned to calcined clays and many of the world's largest cement companies are looking to introduce this in some of their plots soon so the possibility to replace portland cement with a different material but with the same properties produced in the same processes and used in the same way but with much lighter carbon footprint is really crucial to confront climate change. Because it can be done fos and it can't be done on a very large scale with the possibility to eliminate more than four hundred million tons of co two every year. So we can't do it without concrete but we can't do without a significant amount of the emissions it produces. Thank you ex.
Algeria Escape, Tunisia Cruise
"You welcome into late sedition of E._S._P._N.. N._F._C. Dan Thomas on my show as little stevie nickel hair in the studio and if that wasn't enough ladies and gentlemen shoot ropes offs as well. We'll kick things off with the after in combination as the lineup is set for the semi finals. The Madagascar Fairytale story came to an end today. Tune is three nail win. It's much closer choice. Seventeen the Ivory Coast Algeria in the end Algeria advancing to the semi drew penalties should obviously Algeria through. Do they deserve it. I think they did they've got the better creativity had scored that penalty. Just after half-time. I think the one the game quite comfortably that being a much better team throughout the throughout the tournament. They've got Mars playing somewhere near his best. He's a real threat. They've got pledged that can come on own ass when he's come on. He's is being dynamic <hes> cinnamon when he comes on he's he can change the game as well so I think certainly they deserve to go through Algeria. They were the better team against a disappointing. Every coast who throughout the tournament reflected see. I haven't really had enough support to the food food. Culture czar has been really great. It was probably the best attacking player but Ivory Coast haven't been good enough economy. We saw David against Algeria. Ivory Coast would up their game but they just didn't reach that potential that Stuart mentioned. I think I'll Virginia are a better team union and I think that's why the laser people Myers and regularly can then choose what they've got but I would of course completely disappoint Cattolica a bunch of guys together they were doing their own thing and didn't have that team ethic that certainly algae and so when you compare these two and the big names in the adjustments for each Algeria's big name players who stepped up and you look for the for the likes of <hes> Buni and and the others who've been disappointing all tournament along in all honesty but but nobody presented for five recourse and as a result the go crushing on the night deservingly sue so we've got Algeria fro but in the other Game Madagascar out for those. Maybe you have followed this story particularly closely Robbo. Just tell it's even you'll stone cold Har Leno you just about just about I mean they've I've never qualified for the tournament of any so <hes> their most of their players from the French third and fourth division the manager isn't even a manager of Saudis a technical director of a full division side in France <hes> but throughout the tournament I think that being the best team closing down played with an intensity that some of the biggest things haven't played with when they've won the ball back that played little triangles well enough to get time to get players forward. They've counter-attacked pace. They've been magnificent to watch and they look as though they've been the best coat side the tune. When of course they were tired today? It was always going to happen. We always felt that after the extra time in the last game but they have been a credit to the coach there'd been a credit to each other and it's been a fantastic story. They've been magnificent from start to finish while they shoot Robson trademark trademark magnificent look ahead to the semi finals. Shall we go out Jerry against Nigeria. No doubt the headliner Yeah Nigeria did well to get into this semifinal. They played well yesterday today. Algiere I still think of the side of bitter form at the right time they haven't conceded one goal in the tournament and they're good defensively and Stevie said then the likes of Mars to gone the dominant players for Guli go on create as they can do. Nigeria nine need a better performance out of a Gallo Upfront. They need Alex at his very best plan. Just in behind ways scored the goal. He's an excellent play down the right hand side. A Muslim need more from if those four players can play well all at the same time Nigeria have John's. It's still going for Algeria Algeria to make it through from that semi final. What about the other one Robo? Who've you got Tunisia I think apart from the last twenty minutes twenty five minutes there have been disappointing? Alain Giresse hasn't got a tune out the team that struggled to to win a game enor- in ninety minutes until today so I think that they're going to really struggle in that game. I think that Senegal of great depth or greater strength through the middle of the pitch these goalkeeper Cooley Lavallee the centre-half is is being dominant once again. Guy Is coming to the fore just the right moment and sending money upfront. That's a very good combination of plays Senegal. It's the Guy Three Roller Senegal together through yeah Senegal issue a final line-up. Ah Shaikha opposite greeted Robo said really interesting. Somebody find the lineup three of the top four teams in the Confederation and Algeria the fourth probably the team in the end the most form and I agree with rubble on both those picks Algeria zero on Senegal to go through to the final yeah I'm not. I'm not going to give it up. I think I think Santa Gal from buying Middleton in front of the strongest team in the competition Algeria of entertaining on the grill on the on the break. They got some peace. I'm going to go with Santillan all thing though sure overall. What have you made of the tournament? Unfortunately it's been a little bit disappointed in the twenty four teams in it means that you got the top team two teams from each group going through through and then the fourth best third-placed teams and the Games were played at too slow pace. I understand the heat but the pictures are being in excellent condition and I've been disappointed with the coach and we used to think of the African Cup of nations of great individuals going past people with the ball <hes> <hes> not too much discipline in their play but showing great creativity. That's not been the case a Lotta European coaches going out there and made it more difficult to break teams down but not doing enough on the creative side of the game so we've seen a lot of one kneels news. It's been fairly poor stuff up until these lost two or three days sending Barra's as the knockout stages of progress with your livable hats on how concerned you found that you like serve Mat Sallah involved in another big international competition after the World Cup last year and all the drama Rama where the Champions League at the end of the domestic season we'll know was always coming from a purely selfish point of view on thank you all Liverpool is a huge majority including the front three of in Plano Shamma. I mean again passed. I was not satisfied Egypt. Go a lock and get more of a break and then you've got Santa Golly money still playing for minnows only just finished for Liverpool this this this is GonNa be tough for the return no but they start the season and expect to produce what they did again last season but then I understand your concerns Kinda give me the struggles of more solid particularly for yourself of last season but you prefer to see the Africa Cup of nations create any seven months an annoyance tougher on the players given the heat and the conditions as opposed to take them away from their clothes particularly the height of those big European seasons so you take that little bit of adjustment as as as adjusted calendar and as far as the tournament goes listen you had a couple of years stories Matt Augusta unbending but only all what you've come to expect every Africa Cup of Nations. I just don't think any of the big nations Algeria pot showed it up on anywhere near as good as we expected so from that perspective a little bit disappointing just reminder we all with you right through the some. If you're on vacations maybe a chance to watch the show you can download day podcasts available label on the website the French newspaper La Que reporting that grease men's Abaza is almost a done deal of pain that release of course Robert is a question. I've asked pretty much. Everyone is being on the show last couple of weeks same thing to you. Can All these superstars play together well I wouldn't they could do if you played with say Neymar M._R. Out Wide One side messy out why the other side Suarez through the mail and Grease Manatt of them but it's not what they would do you have to do with the plasma behind. You'd have to have to hold in midfield pleasant just sat there a made sure they did the defensive side of the game. You'd have a back four that didn't try venture too far forward and we're really saw great defensively because you're not gonna get much defensively messy. You're not gonNA get much defensively. Neymar an agreement would want to track back press the ball too much when the boys in front of him so they could play together. I wouldn't do so but you need the other six players in that defensive a set up to be really good defenders we have to you have to plan. We pay all this money for all. These players never miss out on the bench. It's ridiculous yeah I mean I think you'd have to try. You'd have a goal and if it didn't walk then unfortunately somebody would have to take a body blow because every single one of these front four that were talking about would not be happy camper certain on the bench so I would try it I would I would do exactly what rob was talking in the boat there. I do think that Greenman when he's a word he was leading Madrid did track and bought I think Neymar with a kick up the backside from messy would do a little bit as well so I would try no dossier going whether it will walk. Does it automatically make them Champions League favorites if they get these deals done in my mind. Yes everybody else as we are right now today rise still. At a time left in the transfer window but when you have that kind of talent at your disposal yes automatically for me you go to the top of the tree ride. No that's before a boys kicked of course we have to see how this front four or works screened in theory theory in practice but the one thing that you can deny it would it would make other teams change the way they play right because if you look on the team she and you see those four guy you're going to go hold on a second. We're just GONNA do we normally do fill. Oh by school forward and everybody else other teams would have to change as well so that's another reason why might work robot on previous shows. You've been quite vocal in the fact that you're not the biggest proponent biggest supporter of Neymar. How hard would you push if you Abbass Brazilian away from P._S.? She won't be pushing too hard because as I'm a great fan of his but I understand what a great player he could be with the potential. Is that and I've seen him on occasions. When he's mind has been focusing he's just wanted it'd be a football and do the right things at the right time? He can be a great player but too often he wants to be the main man he wants. He's such a big ego. He plays up to the referee plays up to the crowd. He wants to do things. That aren't what I believe the right things to do on fulfilled we'll filled and that's what I don't like him when he's just a concentrated footballer that wants to do the right things at the right time. Sometimes there is nobody better other than Lino Messy. Julianne will be joining US later on this week to discuss the latest regarding ingredient and there is a brand new cars that Gavin Joe's podcasts cavs name had to go. I be sure to check out on the website. It's not the ideal star is it's a pre season. Your captain refused to go this club statement from our snow. We're very disappointed by Lawrence actions which are against our clear instructions. We hope to resolve this matter. Yes I will not be providing any the comment is time for the coach. Yanni refusing to free season will it's strange because he's always been decent professional. Goo Professional. He's come back from injury apparently trained very hard and very hard to get back in. He's got one year left on his contract. <hes> there's been <hes> suggestions that three clubs in front some of the bigger clubs in France wants to take you on a three year contract and he's fighting to go go and he's just just walk away from the preseason tour which is wrong on every level you know you're still contracted to the club caps in and wide. You need to stop going on the tour just a forty away. You can still go on the tour he could still demand demand demand time and time again but in the to be training properly. You need to be planned probably so that if you do go elsewhere or if you do play for your very best refuses ago is a bad statement one disaster it is. I don't know how we found ourselves here where the thing is just don't show up for preseason. No don't go on any preseason tools just because you not happy with with where you are. You're not happy with the contract. That's being offered a whatever they excuse at a number plays as often now. It's gotten to a ridiculous proportion. No the kind of power that please feel entitled to two-wheeled. It's it's unprofessional. It's unbecoming. I think the best world is entitled all these this is not a surprise anymore. You know the eater that Schanken I run the last thing you did not not you know he's clearly not happy. He's only a year left clearly no opera to how often the one and he's feeling entitled and why should he be is combined from a ruptured Achilles was no question is not as quick as it was before the injury it didn't have by great season last year asteroid one of the worst defensive records and he was a huge part of the reason. Why and this cheek be an accountant to tell the club? He's not gonNA preseason. Absolute Joke Complain Auto utterly thinks she's entitled. Why is that chain? Why would you even simple? We were speaking the other day but wise Gareth Bale not not leaving Real Madrid because he's got enough money. It goes needed the money and he's not followed each quite happy. Hey it doesn't it doesn't have to put Michel through N._F._l.. 'cause he's very very comfortable giving them. Money involved into Game Two D. I absolutely will sit here and defend players making their fair share of that. Give them all the money. It shouldn't all owners but what you have no is the threat of let's say a two week fine tweet which fine doesn't matter because you earn so much more than the other fifty weeks of the year that you could take into week to week fine last week or maybe it was early this week. I forget to know we Sittin here talking about Paul pub showing up for Manchester United's pre-season tour to Australia Australia and what does that mean and what is it seeing about whether he wants to steal a player's showing up is talking point when normal. It seems to be as if you're not happy if you want to move over we just short for preseason. It's absolutely ridiculous also found so worried not only about schone but the lack of transfer activity that we've seen so far. There's something to Robbo this off the back of what it was overall a disappointing campaign. It was a disappointing campaign. They could've got into the top law she but they fell away at the end. They could have won the Europa League. They didn't fill away against Chelsea so it needed restructuring and lost lot applies light Ramsey paychecks go which I think is probably a good thing now and I think the whole list applies of left us know that but one player in mountain I think from Brazil but it's just they need a lot of new players. They need a new philosophy. I think Amri Dan Rea may be running out of time. I think he hasn't got the the boat they brought in to do the the transfers he's left see over. She didn't get on with Amri. Amri needs a good start to the season because he doesn't get it. He's going to be under massive pressure and if he doesn't buy players and he doesn't seem to get the team in the right shape for the start of the season off. No struggle expectations are low. Take a look at the arsenal forty two one to win the title. What maybe a concern is the gentleman that someone could break through into this top sakes because it's very difficult in the moment but any sort of arguments together as well also can make it pass any of these teams can shift? It's almost every league goes by the taking on more water and physically Gordon. Also you know we're we're sitting here going well have you done also fond was no movement. There's no Shannon's well. It wants to go also right now because everybody can see it and everybody pretty much knows verbal the Oslo gone the other way. So why would any of this any good goal the things for me. I believe I am really as a very accomplished coach and compare them to the car and manages of Chelsea and Manchester United. I'd have camry that being said you have to support what he's doing. I'll what has ambitions are sites ride. No more sickness coming Minolta. Ask now though that they don't seem to be really backing him. There hasn't been a whole lot of action in the transfer market. There is still a little bit of time but if nothing happens again as we sit right now even with lesser manages in Lampert on Soda I think chosen arsenal are fair but to the NAS no serious Robert could it be are still out of the top six now us do don't think getting upset because I don't think there's any other size that you could see breaking into that subjects and Ramiro nearly as I said before nearly got into the Champions League positions and nearly won the Europa League so but the worry for me is if there's talk of Obama Yang being sold so they can get money to buy other players and then again they've made ridiculous offers for czar which crystal policy is disgusted and not right and Zohar. I haven't seen him at the African Cup of Nations Crystal Palace. I think he's a good player at Crystal Palace you try that meant united if Arsenal bulletin looking for love the money. I don't think you'd be a success so I still think there'd be in the top six but it's not going to be a good season for and he continues tomorrow Marg often. We'll be had to go all in the latest news on Mountain Manchester United's transfer plus show live Phoenix. We'll be looking ahead to the START OF CITIES NEW SEASON Manchester United in training and Australia the moments and maybe some rival fan group found the sound Stevie a you flying this plane. What's your policy six European Championship? Definitely you're not only were you would know that however that man was't that witnessing Roma Lukaku wants out Manchester United Socia- wants him to stay and fight for his place the Belgium international though wants to leave Old Trafford Share Robson obviously into Milan. Align as being suggested as desired destination. How do you feel he would fit in to Syria? It's not so much into Syria. It's fit into these plans because everywhere and incendiary concepts paintings going with a big center for the day Yoga Kosta refill out with eventually he had for the Italian national side urine say for awhile at events and one or two other players before mattress you played center forward for eventers and they get the ball into the Front Blat as quickly and as is often as possible but that's not an easy needs and running behind a needs to be hoped be able to hold the ball and link up play and be able to play with the pledge just off of him that they can pay one two's with now. I'm not sure that's Likud strength. He strict he's running behind. Martinez Martinez got the best of Everton and he gets the best out of Belgium but Antonio Conte will want him to hold up the play and he's got to do that much better than he showed Manchester United if he can do that. There's a lot of big players Planning Sarah out the moment centre-forwards doing <music> in really well and I think you can have a good time inter but he needs to improve link-up and he's holed up play if concepts into rob as more of a counterattack and say then Pathak fully character right while he was at Everton scoring goals it was because it had plenty of space in front he could run in behind and he could use these pace in these power now. He's probably Dimond. Chechen aided are all the things that are Abuja's spoke about bringing the Baldoni he's forced dodge and particularly and in their own the final third when you need more than half he needs more than half a yard because he's not quick enough to get get themselves for extra so interro accountants Atkins Shade under Conti. He'll do great. I agree listen remember Mkaku outage best. Money's one defenders allowed to run up people and how speech to run into inside the box. He's not instinctive simply because I don't think he's a clean enough finisher so when you play with Manchester United and team sit in on all of a sudden you have to pick your runs and produced a little bit tighter. I don't think I don't think he <hes> he thrives if somehow into find a way to get him one on one with defenders I think you can't get the best out of if not he can be a little bit of a liability meanwhile new CALC- nights I'll still in search of a coach to replace Rafa Benitez shock a handsome full night by Steve Bruce has been the latest name has been linked to a move to James's Park Big Sam apparently turned it down and I'm the only one hundred hundred see big Samten this job down. What does that see it? Just Kinda says how far this club has fallen under the my she's cheered ship particularly of lead in particular uh of his treatment under with refer- Benita Listen Rafa Benitez as a coach and a manager who's done it on one at all and somehow managed to to make a Prima league team out of Newcastle with all the kind of support that I think has attributes deserve contract allowed to expire allowed to walk away and now you just wonder who's going to WHO's going to take that job you mentioned Steve Bruce Not really popular choice but he finds it. They believe it shows a lack of ambition after Benitez understandably but the question remains who takes his job under these conditions. Maybe a foam a New England revolution coach looking for a challenge. No No choice theory likes very much guys still tomorrow goodbye welcome to extra time. Thanks for your tweets Stevie. I guess the Champions League glow is over because capital letters desperate letters. I'm starting to panic about Liverpool doing no business business this summer. Are you know not just signed the contract <hes> good listen to them no because I don't think it's a coincidence that there's no. Nobody's doing an awful lot but everybody's GONNA head up bit trying to be a bit careful because of the stupid money that everybody's asking them for players. I guess they'll wait neither to the certainly the. The end of the the the window to get some volumes which doesn't help if you're gonNA mess some preseason your new team but then did it the it's all about money but then do you get volume the new if you look kind of desperate people people were awesome. If somebody's looking to get money then you'll get volume. Everybody's looking to get more Robo Age. It was disappointing Egypt with disappointing. Yes they didn't play like very well. It's all the tournaments being disappointed Egypt's home in front of seventy three thousand people for each game to lose to South Africa resort the I didn't think particularly good in the previous three games <hes> it was disappointing. Seller was obviously the style man but he wasn't at ease very best Amr about did okay <hes> but they they <hes> <hes> the nine now he played on the other wing but they didn't play well enough. They didn't play with enough passion. They didn't play with enough desire. They didn't with enough tempo. An Indian and let's more Egypt loss to South Africa traffic is the plan on talking about the rubber chap was just about saying why do football players cover their mouth while they're talking on the pitch on this was a joke by exploding hands but I'm legitimately I'm curious. Sometimes I do this even went onto plays on the other team assaulted and spin it yes liberators. They show that just basically focus on everything much done you used to live in spice icee. The <hes> reside betrayed times so you tell the story then. That's it really this guy too but you never did it. Ain't nobody gonNA run actually trying to openly openly figure out what people were talking about ten and of course once once everybody starts doing it. It's like stupid. People going enclosing the fold out the bulk without Hans banning the bite with this I mean it's completely ridiculous but you see all these defendants because watching other people doing it and they think it's the right thing to do but they don't get Wareham Bowl today. You don't have to stick around your gun to give on ball away okay. Where did you put your hands? You keep your hands is down here. Someone in the petit shock my silhouette. Yes how how do we go from having grilled on his hold onto route and by the way if you lose the ball down properly and get cool demand regardless of where she griffey's don't WanNa give against you unless he's a nomadic right. Okay thank you so you know no problem robot. Is it finally coming higher if not in football that may be in cricket scholley England beat New Zealand higher excited as Stevie Times leave about on the cricket thrashed Australia of course today played very well today against Australia. The bowling was excellent. It will all depend with New Zealand's opening bowlers can swing it enough as they did in their semifinal against India where they bowled brilliantly if they can do that against the problems but I think England will get the World Cup for the first time in their history history as final says ninety two things the knowing you hate everything English as a one if you want to know is this cricket sixty six more months on home soil and all that could be nice. Definitely hey tuition the captain's either so it doesn't really want us. Why the good so you don't support them not on a final note to the enough to win in Robo finally catch up Oh brown sauce on a bacon by one choice? There's only one on has to be brown sauce nine on on on a big buddy Scott to catch up with ketchup on a big robot I would you decide to people maybe see who don't brown sauce is quite sure what's in it but it's <hes> it's GonNa love to Malta source in it but it's something else that makes it much stronger <hes> a little bit tastier and a little bit stronger stronger. I would say degree finish to yeah. It's it's lovely taste in and you put it with Bacon buddies and anything to fish and chips you name it. It's better than Lebron sources. Yeah never had it before. Daddy's finger to think about it since we got to love it when I was that brings us the end of today's show serious all of a sudden. She tried Chutney sauce on what big.
Explainer 240: The incumbent
"A controversial strongman president clings to office leaving opponents decry. His defiance of democratic gnomes citizens rushed to stockpile tin goods before shock people's finished boarding up their windows demonstrations turned violent fierce swelled further unrest and yes. Things are pretty rickety in ivory coast as well. President ouattara was re elected to a third term at the weekend but it is far from clear as we go to where how much you'll get to serve. Or what proportion of ivory coast population will acknowledge him as he does all ivory coast constitution like many imposes ton limits on its president. The language of article fifty five is entirely on ambiguous. The president quote may be reelected only once unquote put more simply use of two terms. You go and write your memoirs on a side note off intrinsically abstruse nerd are- though this does become important with us these are the provisions of the current ivorian constitution of that in two thousand sixteen its predecessor the two thousand constitution contained one or two other constraints on presidential eligibility that ivory coast would have done well to maintain one or two other countries might want to take a look at under article. Thirty five of the two thousand constitution. Not only were their term limits but the president could not be older than sixty five and had to be of good morals and of grand probity need my phone terms. They would be quick cooking if you'd sign over your oil to the local energy consuming burns but it was nice of you to think i would mistake. This town's most prominent one hundred four year old man for one of my elementary school students. Granted that the president of that period lauren bagbo was so wanting where morals and probity were concerned that he ended up in the dock in the hague. Lazy don't miss issues. But the aspiration walls commendable under that two thousand constitution. Indeed president ouattara would currently be batting zero for three. He's seventy eight years old also arguably very iffy on the morals and property and has very definitely just run for and extensively won a third term president. Muhtar did for awhile appear to be playing by the rules. He issued reassurances earlier this year. The d wouldn't pushes luck by attempting to overstay saying he nominated his prime minister. Amadou gon bali to succeed him as the presidential candidate of their party. Rally of the republicans audition andrea constand. However mr cooler. Bali died suddenly in july. At which point president ouattara took another squint at the constitution. He decided that because this new constitution had been adopted in two thousand and sixteen the term me had served before that date didn't count towards these stipulated maximum of two. He took this self. Evidently ridiculous case to ivory coast's constitutional council who declared that. He was welcome to crack on listeners. May take a wild guess as to which president appointed every one of the constitutional council's advises on saturday. President tara one nine thousand four percent of the vote a mandate doubtless swelled by a boycott by his principal opponents. Both pascal affi across of the ivorian popular front and former president henri konan betty of the democratic party supporters to give the election of suave. Did you do know media and turnout was just fifty four percent on monday. Both men said they refuse to recognize what tower is win and announced plans to establish a parallel and transitional government which will hold a new election. There are a number of reasons to be anxious about this. It has been a bad year for democracy. In west africa in guinea president alpha conde also helped himself to a third term. He wasn't supposed to have via constitutional shenanigans in mali. The army seized power and in this specific instance of ivory coast. This week's events looked depressingly like history repeating when president what tara first one power back in two thousand ten. He's predescessor laurel bark boo who we met earlier refused to give way. Perhaps three thousand people died in four months of fighting eventually halted by the intervention of the french military president with taras determination to cling on the has already cost lives protests against his decision to rum left dozens dead and at least five more were killed on election day. It is not far enough from impossible that a presidency which started with the civil war could also end in but had absolutely off to the us embassy in ivory coast which chose today of old is to issue a stern admonition that quote. the united states on ivory coast's leads to show commitment to the democratic process and the rule of law we urge all parties groups and individuals to engage in inclusive dialogue to find peaceful solutions to their disagreements and to heal national divisions grievances related to the presidential election should be resolved peacefully and transparently legal process on quote if this masterly and exquisitely timed exercise in sarcasm proves an end to a promising career in the diplomatic service. We hope the anonymous author is nevertheless correctly proud of themselves for monocle. Twenty four i'm andrew miller.
Grant them strength, or loan it: Europes historic deal
"Hello and welcome to the intelligence on economist. Radio I'm your host Jason Palmer. Every weekday we provide a fresh perspective on the events shaping your world. Jihadist violence has long been growing in the Suhel the continent wide southern rim of the Sahara desert. But now the jihadists are spilling into neighboring states staking out trade routes allying with other insurgents and exploiting ethnic tensions. The prisons in one of those neighboring states or Kina, foucault, or increasingly crowded as authorities round up suspected jihadists, but thanks to a local charities work some inmates leading prisons as musical stars with record deals. First up though. Jeff just. Well Good morning everyone. We did it today. After the longest European Union summit in two decades, continents leaders finally hammered out a deal for seven hundred and fifty billion euro corona virus. Recovery Package Europe is strong. Europe is tonight's key to the agreement with something once unthinkable common debt. For the first time ever European countries will raise money by selling bonds collectively instead of individually this of course, difficult negotiations in very difficult ties for all Europeans. This is a good deal. This store deal as the council's president. Shalmi show said. Twenty. Seven member countries to agree wasn't easy. There were splits between those hardest hit by the outbreak Spain Italy, and we'll make. Over. The moment the study. Those more concerned about the costs of the recovery plan self-described, Frugal four, then Sweden the Netherlands and Austria. Full Linda. Of sustained disfigure. Face. But in the small hours of this morning after concessions were made, compromises reached, Europe opened a new chapter. To the US leaders have agreed a package collectively worth around one point eight, surely in euros, but there are two separate elements to this Tom Model is the economists Berlin. Bureau Chief The first worth just over a trillion euros is the E. US seven-year budgets from thousand and twenty one. Twenty twenty seven. They have to negotiate this every seven years, and they concluded negotiations on that now the second part of this which has been given the name Next Generation E. This is the real novel bit because it involves the European Commission the first time in the history, barring hundreds of billions of euros on capital markets that will be distributed to member states according to an allocation key which covers things like unemployment rates, and per capita partly in the form of loans, those governments will need to repay, but also in the form of grants which they won't need to repay and it was. Was Not Second Element, the grants element of this package that was one of the big sticking points for these negotiations at the summit, because it's such a novel thing that the EU to be doing, it's breaking new ground in doing this. And inevitably there were all sorts of concerns at different governments had as negotiating the fine print of this deal, and it was because of those reservations that the negotiations took so long. Yes one of the big debates was over. Just what share of the package should be distributed in the form of grants, France and Germany had originally pushed for a deal that would see five hundred billion euros, distributed and grunts after opposition from so-called Frugal countries like the Netherlands and Austria that was whittled down to three hundred ninety billion euros. Another related issue was over the governance of this. How will that money be distributed? And will governments have any control of whether disbursements made to other governments? This is a huge issue for countries like the Netherlands. What they were able to get in the final deal with the so called emergency brake measure, which means that in-extremis if displacement planned to a particular government than another government that has concerns may hold up that disbursement and force a political discussion over it. Measure. Sure issue. and. That was something that southern governments on particularly happy about, but that's one of the compromises that they needed to make. But how exactly was the compromise reached I mean this was a standoff for days. Your I mean it's a standard EU business. And when you WanNa, go chasing a very large package like this that does give you lots of opportunities to trade offs, essentially with the Frugal, the price for extracting their concession that you'd have this large element of grants in the package was partly to increase. Their rebates might remember these originally negotiated by Margaret Thatcher for Britain back in one, thousand, nine, hundred, four or four, those countries are now going to receive larger rebates and in the original budget plan. There's also A. A special concession for the Netherlands Rotterdam one of the ease biggest container ports, the Dutch are now going to be allowed to receive a larger share of customs duties from goods arriving at that port than they were previously supposed to. You know lots of things for people to be unhappy about, but the important thing for some. It's like this, is it every leaders able to go back to their parliaments? Go back to their electorates and hold up something and say this is what I was able to obtain from. From these fiercely debated five days of negotiations, and that's what they've done, but there was this other issue, certainly one. That Dutch prime minister, Margaret dimensions a rule of law and the involvement of Hungary and Poland. Some people do have concerns over this part of the deal for years. You've has been trying to figure out what to do. About supposed infringements and rule of law in these countries. It's basically got nowhere, so there was this idea to use money as a weapon because Poland and Hungary. Vice receive money. Money from the EU budget, there is not some sort of mechanism in this deal, so that governments can, as it were razor a red flag, if they consider the disbursements into countries who have infringed the rule of law, but the mechanism looks pretty toothless. We'll have to see how that plays out in practice, but both Victoria Ban and Mr Motive Jesse, the Polish Hungarian prime ministers at their post-summit press conferences said that they were very satisfied with the outcome, which suggests that that particular part of the debates with. Such as faction, not sure go the Nacional St Joe I. MEA was. Having this this deal now hammered out to you think it will be enough of they allocated enough grants and loans to to get Europe out of the whole it'd if you're producing an economic response, completely free of political constraints. That make up the Renault. It then. No, you probably have something somewhat larger than this, but that's probably not the baseline. You should stop from six months ago. If we were to imagine how you might have responded collectively to a crisis like this, it would have been almost unimaginable. They have come up with a response on this scale, and of course you have to add to the stimulus package that has just been agreed to you. Level the substantial national stimulus programs that. That you have in in countries like Germany and many others, plus of course, the monetary activism that we see from the if you compare this in the round with the European response to the financial crisis of two thousand eight, which triggered a debt crisis inside the eurozone. It's completely different magnitude. They've acted much more quickly. Devoted much more decisively, and they've acted a much larger scale and I think that's probably the frame which to assess. The agreement has just been struck. But, as you say, it's, it's an entirely new way for the EU to to to wrangle the money. Yes, and this is why you're going to see every lead. describe this outcome in different ways to their respective electorates, so Mark Ritter the Prime Minister of the Netherlands, this is a strictly one off emergency measure that has been agreed after very tough debate, because the EIB is facing a one off unprecedented crisis for other leaders past President Emmanuel macron affront. Mitchell. To choose a so mainly. This is a milestone and its historic, precisely because it establishes the principle that when the was confronted by challenge this sort it is able to act collectively it is able to issue debt scale, and once that principle is established once it can very easily be put into action again. My hunch is those two perspectives president. macron's will turn out to be the more accurate, but we'll have to see how that plays out, which is to say that this sort of collective debt action would become more common to your mind. When it has to be turned into legislation under normal procedures and one potential sticking point there is that the European Parliament has to sign off on this today. We've taken a historic step. We can be all proud of. But another important step remains ahead of us first, and foremost we now have to work with the European Parliament to secure agreement, but once you. This is what we know about the European Union once you have established, something can be done. Nothing can be done again in the future and I think Emmanuel, macron and other leaders know that very well, which is why they have all emerged from the summit. Saying this is a historic day for Europe and on that actually that they're right I. This dream to be seen. A pivotal moment in Europe's turn. But did you more so launch into the future? Who, Tom Thank you very much for joining us great pleasure, thanks. For a lot more analysis like this subscribe to the Economist. To find the best introductory offer wherever you are just go to economist dot, com slash intelligence offer. On June eleventh. A band of jihadists rode their motorbikes to an army and police outpost on ivory-coast frontier with burkina-fasso. They killed fourteen soldiers before riding off into the Bush. Just three weeks earlier, Ivory Coast's army. I declared the border to be under control. The jihadists are spilling out a failing states further north west Africa's most populous countries are increasingly vulnerable to attack. So jihadists have really taken root across the Sahara and that's the strip of land just south of the Sahara, Kenley. Salmon is the economists correspondent. They initially seized control of of quite large chunks of Molly back in two thousand twelve. But since then they've expanded a lot. And they pushed from molly across the border in Tunisia and more recently deep into Burkina-fasso, which is just to the south of money, and what's the scope of the threat? We've talked on on the show before about the rise of Jihadism in the Suhel. What are things like on the ground now? Well, sadly, the the war has been growing really rather rapidly so about ten times more people were killed in the last year than in twenty fourteen If you look at Mali, is your. MAKINA foucault? Just on their own? About four thousand eight hundred people lost their lives in conflict there last year. Also a big impact on displacement as we've seen as many as one point, seven million people are forced out of their homes. And particularly in in recent months, the war is beginning to spread again. It's jumping across borders. And starting to put at risk some of Africa's fastest growing economies places like Benin Ghana and the Ivory Coast. And who are the Jihadists? So what what are they fighting for? Well there are quite a number of different groups involved, but the really two big ones one is the state in the greatest Sahara that's affiliated to the Islamic state that people would have heard of in the Middle East analyst another that goes by J and im which is an al Qaeda linked group, and these two groups are kind of the particularly big players, and they're trying to do a number of things in this. How firstly they're trying to expand the territory which they have influenced. And worrying to the done that in a number of directions, particularly to the south, towards Ivory Coast and other coastal states, but also west towards Senegal and to an extent as well to the east to try to connect up with other jihadist groups. In Nigeria. They're also expanding in such of money to fund There are perations smuggling. They're involved in taxing trade, and they're also trying to control gold mines and export that for extra cash, and they really offer themselves to people in a way as an alternate state Senator State that serves up persevere set of rules Sharia law, but also in places, often medical aid. So, there's a very. Violent Citigroup spot trying to win over the population to some degree. And the question when we've talked about this in the past has been the degree to which Western forces can can lend a hand in. This is happening now. Well the list and France in particular. Is playing. A role Francis sent a five thousand troops to the region, other a number of other European countries and American troops there as well and in fact as American troops draw down in Afghanistan. The Suhel will soon be the west biggest combat sign. But. Unfortunately press has been pretty patchy in June. They did kill Afterma del. WHO's a senior commander I'm but those successes don't seem to have made civilians much safer, and you say that the conflict is is spreading are the countries that now have this at their doorstep dealing with it any differently any better than the countries that had already been threatened. Security full season places like Ivory Coast and Ghana and Senegal are already preparing, and they're perhaps you go a little bit more strength than some of their neighbors to the north. an Ivory Coast has just created a special motorization in the north of its country and try to stop jihadists from gaining more of a foothold, but other countries like Togo Benin may offer a softer targets, and even in places like Ivory Coast. The army is made up of find. That were on different sides in a recent civil war, and that could bring risks, and what about the civilians in all these countries? How do they view this this sort of advancing front? Well, of course, many civilians are understandably alarmed and millions of them have left their homes. I'm just saying that. The jihadists have also been adept at exploiting some ethnic fault lines. And? That's the attacks between civilians from different ethnic groups and to some young men joining either ethnic militias all the jihadists themselves. And, unfortunately governments in the region, and some Western forces have made matters worse as well by supporting some of these militias quite directly, and that's often escalated. These tensions between different groups that perhaps even were still governments have been accused of frequently through the military forces of carrying out extra-judicial killings, and so this year, one estimate from from data to stroke suggested more civilians. Have Been. Killed by government soldiers than by, jihadist themselves. And the prospects versus improving. Don't look that good. We saw some cables from a diplomat in Burkina Faso, the suggested the President has privately admitted at that. Some of his citizens may feel safer living among terrorists than with their own country's security forces. So where do you see this heading than with? All of those people seemingly caught between a a rock and a hard place. well clearly, there's no easy solution, but governments Annalisa those tribes say the government's new to try to retain and regain some legitimacy that begins with just providing basic services, having a presence in towns, heaven, some form of administration, and hold himself to account and stopping these kinds of atrocities we've seen. The state also needs to make sure that's offering more than what jihadists are in has mentioned earlier in in some cases, they are providing a very crude form of justice and medical services. But also we've seen that as security has worsened, have been growing calls WanNa go she with some of the Jihadists, and some tentative steps in that direction at the trouble is. That these jihadists have really little incentive to try to make concessions when they're winning on the battlefield, and so now the outlook looks pretty bleak. Kinley, thank you very much for your time and you. As Jihadist move toward Africa's coastal states, authorities are trying to stem the tide. And roundups of suspected insurgents in surrounding countries have magnified the problem of overcrowded prisons. In Burkina Foucault inmates can wait for more than a year before they're tried. But thanks to a local charity, some will leave prison with more than just their freedom. Like thirty-one-year-old! Roland top SOBA WHO's emerging as burkina-faso's next big POPSTAR. Rolling up Soga is a really quiet in Shaima. He had done a little bit of hip hop for fun in high school, and he was a former real estate agent convicted of fraud, and then sentenced to five years in prison Sam bed Nick, rights for the Economist and burkina-fasso life was really hard for him behind bars. All he wanted to do was get out. He was almost three years into his sentence when he entered a music competition that was run by African culture, which is a local charity that tries to rehabilitate prisoners through the arts, and so he was taking weekly music classes learning how to play the guitar in those really became a lifeline for him. His favorite song called Wata. Bogo. Which means I'm coming tomorrow in mostly a local language and it made him think seeing family again. Roland said. When you're in jail, you might feel hungry or have needs, but those are physical needs in your mind. The main priority is to get free to go beyond the gates. Rolling competed against six inmates in one. An album deal ended music video at which he produced in jail. Which I guess is a remarkable feat to pull off from jail. To do something like this Kina. Fossil jail is pretty incredible. Because at the best of times, jails are overcrowded, their dirty. They can be dangerous. Rolling would describe sleeping on a very thin matt in a damn sell with many many other men. Many people haven't been convicted of anything. They've just been thrown in there and are waiting up to even year for trial, and the overcrowding is getting worse because the government is rounding up. Young men suspected of supporting jihadists and human rights. Groups say prisoners are tortured. They don't get treatment for psychological problems or illnesses such as HIV or As for the charities, really trying to work to make these conditions slightly better for those in the system, and also once they get out. And you spoke to the charity about their successes. Freeman appeal the founder of African culture and he spent a decade trying to support inmates through song and dance, and to reduce the stigma. They faced once. They're released. Up You, get your pills for the group is funded by the French government. It runs an annual music festival, which takes place across the country in prisons, and they've actually started doing festivals right outside prisons in communities themselves to try and reduce the stigma even more and so two years ago, Iran its first music competition, which produced Roland as well as another. Star and this year it's going to do something a little bit different in. Mesa have the opportunity to play which they're going to perform in different venues around the capital. And so what's next for ruined? His unlikely musical career since Rowlands released last year from prison, his newfound musical fame has really helped him chart, and of course of life he goes by his stage name, roby and he's in the process of creating new music, but right now because rules are strict, and because there's no large gatherings. You can't really have concerts. He's very thoughtful in terms of the lyrics in his songs, so for example, one of his winning songs reads after effort. There's comfort after sweat. There is happiness. If life doesn't end, there is no despair. Take courage, and this was a song that he wrote speaking specifically to us about holding fast to their convictions, and not letting people tell them what to do. Thanks very much for joining us. Thank you for having me. That's all for this episode of the Intelligence. You like us. Give us a rating on Apple podcasts and see you back here tomorrow.
Swetgreens the most innovative company in food Hershey. Quibi. Sweetgreen
"This is Jerry. This is snacks daily. Quebec it is Monday January thirty. How was your weekend? It was fantastic. Dick I achieved some squad. Goals going skiing at squad. Jack hasn't had been so long. I saw him a squirrel this morning a lot of vegetarian. Jelly this this. This also happens to be the best snacks daily we've ever done. The Dow hit twenty nine thousand points. It ended up going down on Friday. That's because of a poor jobs are in the meantime and three wonderful stories. We got over the week. Maybe this is the mobile first. Netflix competitors is coming in April. Not only mobile first mobile only s and it just announced. There will be one hundred and seventy-five shows in Qube. This year there was radio there was TV. Now there's quibble introduced quitting second storage. Aquit we know how OPEC controls oil as what they're doing basically the same thing in chocolate. We're calling it. Chopin were caught at show pack. And they're gonNA probably mess with her. She's number one on ingredient third and final stories the Unicorn of the day sweet Green Nick and I are huge. Fans of Sweet Green Salads just had three remains through my. This isn't just a fast casual. Sal Al chain that we think it's the most innovative company. In Food Period Harvest Bulls UNICORNS. Eat before we jump into all that. We've gotTA talk about Kyko. uh-huh everyone's talking about these keyboards. The Japanese are saving money. It sounds fantastic. Good name for a boy. Good name for a girl. It's a great name. You ready for a completely. We made up staff. And you completely throw this. Ami over fifty percent of New Year's resolutions this year had something to do with money. Forty percent of New Year's resolutions or made up so money resolutions solutions. It's good to have money disciplined. So let's talk about K.. Kibo it is a household financial ledger invented in one thousand nine hundred four by a woman named Hani Motoko now the court tenant of Kyko is that you don't use any technology to keep track of your finances and I think that role was self explanatory. Nineteen thousand four. His Art of saving money wasn't that wasn't whipping Outta. Ti Eighty three tax. You need to use a pen and paper to record all of your spending now. Let's say you're going to purchase a product and a lot of people purchase like close Jack. Wearing yeah you guys can't seem. He's wearing like Orange Corduroy shirt. I never seen anything like burnt orange yet or burnt Sienna Russia. I don't say rusty okay. It's very cool and before I bought this burnt Sienna shirt. I should've asked by seven questions. According to the Japanese of saving the first one is can I live without without this and I feel like this is an extremely because unless you're talking about insulin the answer is yes. He can live without a great shirt. Jack the second question can I afford this. This should be questioned number one. I think the third question will I actually use it in the case of clothing. The answer is often no for six months. We are no one's using the same thing six. Do I have space for my wife. And I have recently cleared out our class if you live in Manhattan and the answer is no. How did I come across this in the first place? Question number five we think they could update the list and probably really eliminate this question. Six is important. What is my emotional state right now because lonely now lead to spend? Sometimes you're going to do a little retail therapy. You're not in a good mood. Boom you get a nice shirt. Not The shirt you're wearing jack. Finally how do I feel about buying. Does this park joy to others people comment on it. Am I thinking about the Zach. You're thinking Abou- How a summer twenty twenty Japan travel. That's the great irony here. Are you going to ask yourself these seven questions booking a trip to Japan I'm going through the Kapros. AKERS technology has made spending so easy a little bit of friction in the form of seven questions Crowley does then. Let's hit our stores. Daily spoke about the rain. Food is candy. They don't reflect the views of robinhood family informational just so go recommending any security. nope it's not a research. Report or investment advice to offer or sale security digestible. Business is this video. LLC member favors less odyssey or IPAD QUBE launches in April and it just revealed other plans about itself because no one really knows what this is for those who don't really know what Qube is. Founder of Qube has a message for he said said this the other day. I've been doing this before you were all effing borne. That was Jeffrey Katzenberg at the consumer electronics. Show and that's a real quote that he said to people who weren't sure what it is his company actually He's basically like back off. Look at my resume I produced. The Little Mermaid are made beauty and the beast Aladdin the Lion King and if you think he can only do animation. Don't stop there Jack please. Don't Shrek Attic Askar. I Dunno where he founded ended Pixar. This guy knows what he's doing. Apparently he's really cocky about it. Now this is the first mobile only and premium video service. Now we know what you're thinking no no what about net flicks wchs no premium. But it's not mobile. Oh and then we know what you're thinking about tick tock or chat. Those are mobile. Only but they're not premium. GotTa go to the Whiteboard like Jack and I did put together. Gather a very good old-fashioned diagram and see where they meet in the middle premium and mobile who stands for quick bites simple and for five bucks a month plus ads or eight dollars without ads. This is going to be another subscription situation. What are you gonNA choose? Starting in April. When this Netflix competitor launches now just raised four hundred hundred million dollars? They had already raised one billion dollars prior to this. And what are they spending all that money on shows they break it down in two ways they have created content innovation and tech innovation. Let's start with the content innovation from Chrissy Teigen to Steven Spielberg produced movies. There's GonNa be a whole bunch of stuff to binge on your smartphone. But because they're mobile I they're not doing the old school like two hours. Game of thrones. You gotta sit down and like call off your data why they don't have episodes now chapters. That's what they're doing these quick quick bites are designed to be consumed in under ten minutes perfect for a four five six train from Fulton Street to Union Square. I would love that you want to but before he transferred to the five train. You'RE GONNA have to choose between one of the one hundred and seventy five live shows. They're launching in just the first year hundred and seventy-five shows and movies neck. And that's a huge number. Look at Netflix. They did three hundred seventy one this year. So they're reproducing about half as much as the leading content creator which is Netflix. They're not doing this on TV. Though as they qube the era of movies the error television. Now now it's the era of bold words from bald man. They're kind of thinking. This is just a different thing. You don't even know what you're seeing right now. Now there's tech innovation fueled by That billion dollars as well right. The other thing. They've got is a feature called turntable which we had never seen before. Now when we said this was mobile only the indication was. You're going to watch this vertically on your phone phone. Yeah because that's how people hold their phones ver- sit down on your couch throw rocket the TV. You're just gonNA use your smartphone. If you'RE GONNA watch on Qube but I guess they wanted to differentiate so okay created turntable which lets you watch vertically on your phone and it was up your whole screening and then turn your phone sideways and it will continue occupying the whole scripts right black bars on both tried to do that with another media. And you get your screen get smushed. Suddenly everything gets smaller. Qube says you can't watch on TV. which is bizarre because if you can and watch on your horizontally formatted phone exactly? That's the same shape as at. TV's pretty much. We think that they're boldly saying it is a bad behavior to watch on TV. We will require you to. What am I a child? What are you my parents if I WANNA watch? TV Lemon Watch on TV. Honestly Jeffer- Casper. Seems like the Guy who's Bank so jack what's the takeaway for our buddies ladies over at Quincy Qube to connected to fail. We kind of think so Disney NBC twenty th century Fox Lionsgate MGM. Sony Viacom. Tom Warner media. Those are every company that produces movies and shows in this country so they sound like competitors right right there actually all investors in Qube all of those companies that Nick just mentioned are invested inquiries success of course it could still fail. But that's a lot of allies in the industry. Now the media company the the information revealed they've all invested in quick. It's only like a few million dollars each. It's not that much early Disney Fox these other movie companies. They see Qube as a threat but if QUBE SUCCEEDS EXCEEDS THEY WANNA be invested so that they succeed to they want to keep their enemies closer. Four our second story Jack Hot Fudge Chocolate Syrup Chocolate Syrup. Correct answer the OPEC. A pack of chocolate could start messing with her. She's two zero and Mondelez which makes oreos very soon. All three of those companies are elbow deep in chocolate. And they all have publicly traded. DOC snappers you've heard of OPEC the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. We've all like turn on the radio to hear oil prices up six percent because OPEC supplies. AM radio loves it. I think there's thirteen countries led by Saudi Arabia. Most of them are dictated. Well we'd like to introduce you to their cousin cousin who's a little more fun. We're calling him. Cho- pack the OPEC of chocolate. We're talking Ivory Coast and Ghana two countries. That supply sixty percent of the world's COCO and they're teaming up to control sixty percent of the world's cocoa price. Let's talk about coq. Au For a second Aka also known as cookout everyone gets confused fancier way to say cocoa not to be confused though with coca right which is grown. In Colombia Bolivia. Lots of other South American countries in his the ingredient in for cocaine show peck not to be confused with Bro. Pack which is a pack of Dude Have each other's backs now. Cocoa Prices Arms Nari Account. Oh prices could cow prices are currently sitting that. If you WANNA buy a metric ton like we all kind of WanNa do that's GonNa cost you twenty five hundred dollars but Ivory Coast and Ghana planned to increase increase those prices by sixteen percent this year because they control sixty percent of the world. This would be the biggest change to cow prices in deck and guess what the smaller Mahler countries are thinking about following their lead weren't on the street is the number five cow producing Nigeria is quote unquote exploring number. Eight Peru has already already up excitement. It's like Nigeria. Would you like to get sixteen percent on any forever. Where do I sign on this thing? And can I get a badge police. We know what you're thinking. When is my ben and Jerry's chocolate chip cookie dough pint GONNA start cost? We'll figure that out. We gotta look at the whole supply chain because when it comes to chocolate. It's actually like really long long starts with the farmer right. She got small time. Farmers and then a wholesaler is GonNa like organize all the crops from all the farmers and send it over to the government right because for the Ivory Coast and Ghana the government then then gets the cocoa and ends up exporting this and then a processor in let's say the United States collects it from overseas and then distributed out to the candy companies who make it Chuck Doc and then they send it to the retailers from whom you splurge for that afternoon snack. Those processors which is like number five in the supply chain to raise prices because they've heard snacks tax problems and they're the ones who sell this chocolate Hershey's and Mondelez the maker of Oreos who then make it for you. You may not have noticed though prices increase of chocolate. Because has her. She's a Mandalay's. They like consistent prices of supplies so they actually signed deals with investment banks guaranteeing the price of their commodities for like six to twelve twelve months. By the way in the meantime eighty percent of Cacao. Farmers live on less than three dollars a day. So like we're just hoping that some of this price increase actually goes to the farmers making stuff and then we hope after the six to twelve months when prices start to increase for us for chocolate. And I'm like not interested in chocolate and then we hope that like bring the prices down so we can continue to enjoy this chocolate so check. What's the takeaway for our buddies who do chocolate? This couldn't happen in the. US literally legal cartels like show. Pack are illegal in Western democracies mainly because consumers end up getting stuck with really expensive candy capitalism which we practice in the United States we avoid monopolies by encouraging competition in Ghana and the ivory every coast. They're cooperating which is the opposite of competition but OPEC ancho pack are not part of the Western democracies. They're happy with their cartels for our third third and final story. We're talking about the Unicorn of the day sweet green which has become the most innovative company in food. There's a sweet green warm bowl or call. Aw forever by the way. There is a big difference. Here I walk into a room with Jack. I'm jumping in throughout the heirloom tomatoes on. GimMe the curried cauliflower. Jack is a very different per knicks. Diy I Y I am ordering off the menu. What somebody else to try it first sweating? He's not us here unless someone who's done this before it major like build your own bowl. Xiv It's it's actually tufts smackers instead of avocado sweet potato and cauliflower rice sweet. Greens ingredients include digital payments. Very nice to Mizen for pick up and take out to the farm armed detail. It's actually a very nice thing now. The New York Times just interviewed the leadership team over at sweet green which revealed a lot of how they came to their food innovations. This is a fast casual joie salad chain with one hundred two locations mostly in cities and their targeting conscious achieve which is a ridiculous term. It sounds like that guy in your English class who would raise his hand every conscious it. Yeah it's very reminding great ethic that's their term but we define it as people who want to maximize efficiency taste and healthiness at lunch. So baby boomers they were drinking. Can Scotch in the office at three PM after a dozen oysters down the hatch. Professional millennials eat sweet green curry chick pool balls. Twelve o'clock do you WanNa do you WANNA share Jack. What you WANNA share? Yes I want to like file something. I WanNa make a claim here. The Department of what green has healthiness inflation problem. They claim that their chicken Pesto parm which which includes chicken pasta which is oil and cheese and nuts. Right plus grated Parmesan cheese on top of actually getting hungry. They're claiming that that's five hundred. Twenty five calories. Yeah no no way. Jose two thousand do not bring a class action lawsuit on this thing. WHO's with me? Who Want to get into the spicy cash addressing? The that's a negative spin it back here because they probably deserve an Oscar for best innovation in a nourishing role. Let's talk about the innovation at sweet green not on the menu. And you know. I didn't like the way the restaurant were. They've got a new product that sweet green calls sweet green outpost launched in two thousand eighteen. They have these wooden cubbies that look like kindergarten but way fancier in the lobbies of high end office building. I mean you would sleep on this thing without a mattress these outposts. They look like they're made with reclaimed. Aspen Pinewood Elaine. Would that was polished by Da Vinci. It's beautiful blonde. Would as smooth as a baby's by Jack and I were fascinated about this because we just haven't seen other companies pursue this this type of will let me tell you how it works. Everyone in the office building. Let's say it's a huge office building. Ten thousand workers talking midtown. There's GonNa be a big sweet green outpost and everyone one can order a sweet greens out on their APP by the deadline. Which is eleven thirty? It's like a frontier version of sweet green in the office building. Where you work? It's not a sweet green location. So sweetman gets like three hundred orders from that office building and brings a huge delivery with no delivery fee. And they'll notify everybody on the APP when it's waiting in your cubby to pick up now to make this happen happened near using ghost kitchens which are dedicated kitchens with no storefront. They only produce for outpost delivery. You're back at your table working like in no time. It's a productivity multipliers. Where'd you go without the other innovation they have is this order in line? Yes everyone knows you don't go to sweet green's at twelve thirty because the line is GONNA be real. Ironically it actually be a great place to meet people. There should be dating African acting with other things there. You go boom this week for singles for when you're waiting in line but sweet screen is trying to crush that line by sending order takers into the back of the lies is crazy getting your order and then it's already going to start to be prepared while you're still in line by a second salad bar that you can't even it's like a self driving cashier mind blown so jack what's the takeaway for our buddies over at sweet sweet green invents. The rest of the restaurant industry copies green was the first mover for like most of the innovations that are becoming mainstream right now in fast casual we want to focus on. Is the APP right. Green in came out with the APP in two thousand thirteen. They stopped accepting cash at their physical locations like a couple of years later and now fifty. Five percent of their diners used the APP to to make their purchases and the other forty five percent isn't critic snacker. Would sweeping idead early on was that waiting in line was a huge customer experience and revenue killer now for every company wants every customer paying with the APP. Because you get past faster. You're eating quicker and everyone's happy and if people want to actually invest in this company you have to wait for the IPO. Because they're they're still private. It's still a private company. The stock is not available but they said the IPO's coming quote unquote early. Probably at some point Jack Jack. Can you whip up the takeaways for the week. He's Jeffrey Katzenberg. Seems like the kind of guy who might spank you him. Because he's got a mobile first premium video billion billion dollar company that has one hundred seventy five shows launching with ten minutes. Free Show exactly show. Pack is what we're calling Ivory Coast and Ghana which produced sixty percent of the world's cocoa. They're happy happy raising prices on American chocolate eaters because they're farmers could really use some extra income third and final sweet. Green is killing the time that you spent wanting salad but not having it. It's optimizing the salad. Albar and other restaurants are noticing and pretty much copying time for our snack back to the day this one sent in by Cesar in Waikiki. Ecuador listening to us From below the Equator Nice pronunciation on that town in Ecuador. I'M NOT GONNA. That wasn't sure what I've been there. It's a great place. Incredible country excellent wonderful cities. Here's the snack snack. Google translate handles one hundred and forty three billion words every single day and it got a boost very noticeably during the last World Cup speaking of international competition we got the Olympics coming up in Japan. shrews coming this summer. We're going to look to see if Google translate gets more love. Well how do you translate the the art of saving money. That's Jerry question trial and that's why you start the pot over and listen to keep her fix knackers love starting the week with Ya Jazz. The Robin Hood Snacks podcast. You just heard reflects the opinions of only the host who are associated persons of Robinhood had financial llc and does not reflect the views of robinhood markets inc her any of its subsidiaries or affiliates the podcast for informational purposes only and is not intended to serve serve as a recommendation to buy or sell any security and is not an offer sale of security. The podcast is also not a research report and is not intended to serve as the basis of any investment decision robinhood financial l._l._C.. Member Finra S._I._P._C..
Chocolate and Sustainability | 7
"This episode of business wars is brought to you by the simpsons on Disney plus. The Simpsons is one of the longest running and most award winning series in history. And you can stream the first thirty the seasons of the simpsons and so much more right now when you subscribe to Disney plus in the US. I'm David Brown. And this is business wars. Uh Today Day we conclude our series Hershey versus Mars. In Our last episode. We heard about how Mars is push into the international market turned a profit in China which in turn drove the company to expand to other emerging markets across the globe and while that ambition certainly worked out for Mars on the business side. One major issue. That's now facing the company and the world for that matter carries some pretty dire consequences. We're talking about deforestation. The environmental impact of producing using chocolate. Certainly on the scale of a company like Mars it's actually astounding the Washington Post reports that in twenty seventeen forty football fields fields of tropical forests. Were lost every single minute. All this spurred by the demand for cocoa and other goods like soybeans and palm oil and and one trouble spot for chocolate producers in particular is west Africa where deforestation is being driven by hundreds of thousands of poor cocoa farmers for its part. Mars has vowed to switch entirely to sustainable cocoa by twenty twenty but check that calendar. They've now decided to move the target date to twenty twenty-five our guest. Today is Stephen Muffin. He's a reporter for the Washington Post and he covers the business. Climate change he recently wrote a wide ranging article Michael on the environmental impact of chocolate. And he's going to be joining us to talk about. Why producing environmentally sustainable? Chocolate is so hard that's coming up next owned here at business. Wars we make shows that we hope entertain you but we'd love if you learn something to opening myself up to learning more about the world is one of the reasons that I listened to my favorite podcasts. And it's also why I love reading the Economist. The Economist is a weekly magazine that offers inside inside an opinion on international and US News Politics Business Finance Science Technology Arts and the environment. It helps readers like you and me make a little more sense sense of what's going on in the world around us and it's been doing that for over one hundred seventy years. I started reading the Economist Twenty five years ago when I noticed it had a sense sense of humor and a breadth of subject matter in depth of coverage that no one else had and no one else has today. Where else can you find in one place? Smart thoroughly researched in compellingly written stories about say why Russia is ambivalent about climate change. How the late Rick O.? Kasich took new wave music mainstream and a law banning extramarital strom marital sex. Yeah you may not have heard about that last one. Unless you've been reading the Economist. Look The economist is the smart guide to the forces changing our world. And and right now you can get a free copy for your free print copy of the economist. Just text business wars all one word to nine nine zero zero zero again. That's a free reprint copy of the Economist. And all you have to do is text business. Wars all one word to nine nine zero zero zero Stephen Upson welcome to business wars. Glad to be here for a sense of scale when we're talking about something like I mean you deforestation and for those of us who've never seen like cocoa tree. What does it look like? How big a tree? We talking about here well. The trees aren't very much larger than than a person stands quite different from the older trees that I've been taking down to make room for cocoa plantations. Those older ones. This can be scores of feet tall. So let's do a translation here. One tree equals what in terms of chocolate. What isn't so much? The tree has the number of About four hundred beans takes the produce A pound of chocolate. Wow that's that seems like quite a lot. The beans I. It is a lot of beans especially when they're they're being taken out of these big pods by hand and seen we have some great photograph. Progressive that with These kind of Milky Milky white beans being taken out of the pots and put out to dry. Well your reporting shooting specifically centers around deforestation for COCO and. I think it probably be safe to say that most of our listeners. Don't know where this is happening. Could you put us on on a map. Somewhere about two thirds of the of the world's cocoa comes from just two countries in west Africa ones the Ivory Coast and one's GonNa And they have a long history of producing cocoa there and they are the dominant players in the market. Why Ghana and the Ivory Coast? Why why these two places is it? Just the climate is it. Just the existing tree growth Why these places? Well that's a great question. I think a lot of it dates back to the colonial era When Coco was taken from their not so much the United States but more to Britain into France and I do think there are other parts of the world that you can grow cocoa Especially places like Peru and it's it's possible that we may see more cocoa from those places over time but I think there's a long tradition of doing it in this area well given that they are the dominant players. Here's in the market and I would imagine rather crucial for the income the livelihoods of a lot of people in those places. Absolutely what why why is why is deforestation. The only answer. Couldn't you manage these these cocoa trees in such a way that like say you could plant one parcel and and and harvest another and you have a sort of a cycle going. Well here's what makes this such Tough nut to crack so to speak You're dealing with a commodity that is hard to differentiate from one place to another. All Coco is basically the same. Whether it's from I re- coaster or someplace in South America and In the in West Africa it's produced by hundreds of thousands of small farmers bat. Maybe one and a half million people in Ivory Coast maybe another half million in Ghana so keeping an eye on what those people are. I'm doing all the time is very very difficult. And that's what's made deforestation in this area. So so tough to stop Now in terms of the Coca Oakwood farmers themselves. How much do they tend to earn? I mean is this. Is this something that someone can. A family can can live off the land just growing cocoa they can but they're not they're not gonNa make a whole lot of money. Most of them are at or slightly below or slightly above the poverty. Line for four were These kinds of areas and of course I guess some years you're going to have a better harvest and and other years it's going to be tough the usual vicissitudes of of of agriculture. I guess right absolutely I mean. The price of cocoa has been coming down in recent years and even though some companies have been paying premiums to get Koko that has been certified as not having come from deforested areas. The money at the extra money from that isn't enough have to offset the decline in cocoa prices in recent years helped me with something. Why is it that trees need to be taken down for new cocoa trees? Do these trees sort of cease to be productive active after a certain number of cycles. Well you're you're they plant the cocoa trees either underneath some of the big trees But more likely they just cutting all the big trees down to make room for the cocoa trees that tends to work out well in the for the farmer and at least in the early years the later years. It's GonNa be a problem because the heat is just too great. I see and I was speaking to someone today actually was Saying that at this rate nunnelee finally will there be decimation of old forests but that in twenty or thirty years will become increasingly difficult to grow cocoa in these areas. So is it because there just isn't the shade that's necessary for these cocoa trees because you're having to consume as much of the land as possible to maximize output right right and you want you want son in the early eras but you might want a little more shade in the out years. I see so it's not. That new trees are better. Necessarily it's just that the land is is being taken away for more cocoa trees will. The ultras weren't cocoa trees. The old trees for these extremely tall old growth trees that that play a particularly important role in storing carbon dioxide. They are taking it in through photosynthesis and then They're storing bring it in in their own In their own in the wood. That's that's a that they have. And and that's what makes this important and so when these old growth trees come down what happens then. Well when the old growth trees come down you have kind of two two blows to blows at at the at the climate problem one is that the big trees are no longer absorbing carbon dioxide from the air and processing it through photosynthesis but in addition the the carbon that had been stored in the trees released as these trees with their rot or taken away to into be pulped or to do something else with them. So it really cutting those trees down strikes to blows against The climate change problem. You've traced aced the flows of of the money here. And you know let's if we can. Maybe we should begin with the small scale farmers who plant and and harvest harvest. What is the road from there to the candy store Shell? So the small-scale farmers sell their product to to Middlemen the first lay actually are several layers of middlemen. The first layer Known in French Ivory Coast of french-speaking in country. Peace and those Intern take two large trading companies. Eventually you get to the big cargills of the world and they in turn sell well it to some of the big chocolate companies like Marzan Nestle and Hershey is co commodity in the same way that say pork bellies or something like that might be yeah. There's a standard You know a standard commodity and they're and they're indistinguishable That's what makes them so easy to trade on big international markets like corn or sugar. Gold copper all these are commodities that are traded internationally and cocoa is is very much like that. But you're saying that recently are the prices for cocoa have been falling which obviously affects the those farmers to Why is is that? Why is it that cocoa prices seemed to be falling? Well I think there are different things that can that can drive prices up or down. It could be whether but In this case when when the prices dropping it's probably because the small farmers have been ramping up growth in order to Stay out of poverty forty or take advantage of the growing demand for cocoa across the globe. So what you're saying. Is that the supply side of the supply. Demand equation is is actually a cocoa glut. is isn't We have a a mild coca glut. But yes that's exactly what's happening because the demand demand has been going up steadily people love to have their candies and they're are hot chocolates and let let's let's pursue that just a little bit more because this is something that I find rather fascinating that yes it. The sweet tooth has never uh-huh gone away but increasingly certainly in in the developed world. Where many of these markets exist for That finished product the candy the chocolate There's been a kind of A slow turn away from suites in fact if anything it seems like certainly in in Europe up in the United States and elsewhere see a sort of a shift toward More wholesome and healthful eating if if anything why do you think that the demand Mantis is increasing. Well I'm not sure it's unique to cocoa. I think we're witnessing a very interesting shifting in health food eating I mean I it was very much about you and your health but now I think people are reconsidering some of the things that they eat like beef and cocoa for our planet reasons. It takes more carbon dioxide to produce beef than it does to produce vegetables and in the case of Cocoa Coco the impact of the widespread deforestation is so great that. That's also I think made some people wonder. I don't think it's had a big impact but I I think it has a lot of people thinking well now while you're out reporting this story. was there anything that struck you most perhaps about deforestation in west Africa. Anything that sort of sticks in your mind well the the incredible thing about deforestation is that the pace of destruction is truly alarming. Arming there are in twenty seventeen. There were forty football fields Crossed the planet not just in West Africa that were lost every minute. It and Ivory Coast and Ghana have lost. Not only the the big trees that have been in sort of open areas but they losing losing trees in protected national forests that are particularly valuable business. Wars is brought to you by four sigmatic. A natural superfood company that specializes in mushroom based drinks that benefit immunity energy and longevity and help us live healthier healthier more enhanced lives. 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W All I want to loop back to the Mars company which has been a big part of the focus of the series that we've just concluded here Business Wars you have reported that that company has invested a lot into becoming more environmentally conscious. Like what well they've invested In a lot of renewable energy they have purchased or built enough solar and wind power to offset the consumption of their operations and at least half a dozen different countries they they have. advocated for Carbon Tax ax in Congress Something that's very tough measured to To get support for they've also counted their total will green house gas emissions in a very telling way and unlike a lot of other companies out there. They've counted not only themselves and their own factories factories and their immediate suppliers but they've counted People and companies all the way down the supply chain all the way down onto the small farmers in west Africa. So they're they're pretty pretty open about that sort of thing The question of course is what do you do with all that And I think like a lot of companies. They set some targets a decade ago that they've been unable to fulfil and during during this whole time. Deforestation is continuing at a rapid pace. I think they're reconsidering Various things now but at the moment it looks like those ten years have been additional. Lost Years notwithstanding setting these high goals. How does what Mars ars has done or at least tried to do? How does that fit in with what's happening? Industry wide are there other companies that have taken similar steps or does Mars sort of stand. Stand apart somehow. I think Mars doesn't stand parts of that much. Except maybe on the side of of trying to do more and they've and they speaking to the executives there they they I think they honestly assess just what a failure. Some of these efforts have been but There are plenty of other companies in the in the same boat There are some a large number of them have drawn up plans for the for the future which which involves some combination of satellite information and more people on the ground But there are some companies that haven't even done that so so I would say Marzieh's typical or or maybe even on the good side of typical and yet you also have reported that Mars still still has a huge carbon footprint because of agriculture Is there any way as sort of quantifying or maybe making it possible for us to visualize visualize how that how big that footprint is and how closely that might be tied to the deforestation. We've been talking about well. The total emissions of Mars is about equal title to the country of Panama so Pretty which seems to me that that are single company but have as many admissions says a as a a single country but I suppose to be fair as we were talking before Mars isn't the only chocolate company that contributes to this and I'm wondering if I if Mars is a has the the footprint of a country the size of Panama What about the chocolate Oakland Industry? What what is exactly exactly so? That's a great question. Wh How would is there any way of of of getting your head around that or is that just I too big of a a of an issue well. I haven't thought about this but I believe that Mars is. It's a private company so it's hard to say just how how big it is. But I think I think it's somewhere between a quarter and a half of the whole chocolate business and and so so it probably means that the whole chocolate business might be worth two three four Panama's I understand what you're saying and in in terms specifically when it comes comes to combating deforestation For All of the issues that Mars has had in trying to meet its objectives. What what about the specific question of deforestation has his Marsden blue? -CCOMPLISH much there Specifically no not yet and I think in another one way of thinking about this David I think is that the is the problem of deforestation is contributing about route. Ten the equivalent of about ten percent of global greenhouse gases. So that's an important element on the one hand Unlike unlike a lot of other producers of greenhouse gases the agricultural sector knows what methods it could use to to slow down down or even stop the process of deforestation. The problem is getting people to actually implement them. And especially when you're talking about you know two million small cocoa farmers and you've got the same problem in Indonesia with palm oil and We're all You know pretty aware of the problems in the Amazon the two with soy so. This is a global problem and It's tantalizing because the the solutions don't seem that complicated Ed but actually making it happen is very difficult. But of course this is why there exists some FREEBIES that that deal with questions like Deforestation you would think that the government some of these west African countries it would be in their interest to do what they can. Because specifically as you've reported a lot of this deforestation takes place on public land and even if it weren't taking place on public land. It seems to me that there are things that that governments can do to try to combat this problem Just from the standpoint of you know of of regulation. Well that's true but you know. Africa's a tough place to do business Actually covered Africa for the Wall Street Journal back in the eighties. I've been to about a dozen countries there. There's a lot of corruption. There's other things that a lot of regulation that make it very difficult to to get things done. There's a consulting firm that's warned. Investors that the re coast is very corrupt. It's gotTa Corruption Index Index Worldwide Corruption Index. And it's placed Ivory Coast You know in a in a bad spot on that list. So that that In addition in defense of those of those governments even the best efforts are are hard to to deal with. They have tremendous Mike. Mike Number of migrants coming down the coast from Burkina Faso. Niger and these people are eager to have food and A lot of them set up in the national forests and start cutting trees and selling cocoa. It's about eking out in existence and in many cases I suppose absolutely we do quote someone in in my story as saying you know this. He's not really thinking about climate. Science is thinking about about making a living. How Fair is it? I mean here. We are in the developed world Lecturing others that West West African governments that you should do more or telling a farmer. Look what you're doing is is harming the environment at large coach and and yet chocolate is not a necessity. I think you're right. I mean there's nothing there's nothing fair about climate change. I'm afraid The people who are best able to adapt are the people with the most money. The people who are suffering the most are the people who have the fewer resources awesome and they. It's been a big reason why we've seen so much migration around the world no matter no matter where you're talking about Bangladesh. West Coast coast of Africa. People flocking into Europe. Climate has has not isn't the only thing to blame but it is a factor in its factor. That's that's probably going to grow okay. Well then let's blue sky this for a moment. Is it possible to have a sustainable chocolate pipeline. I mean is it. Is anyone out there. Have you noticed any company out there. That's trying to to do this. Beyond what say Mars is as has announced that it wants to do. Well Oh I think Mars and a lot of other companies are looking at At some possible solutions and they would include better better use of satellite data because We haven't really. They haven't really applied satellite data in in in a big way in these areas. So and and then you need a lot more people on the ground I mean I don't. I don't think that Mars really has too many people on the ground and in order to monitor this. You'RE GONNA have have to do that so you need to see where people are. Where the farms are you have to notice? In a timely fashion when they're when they're contours tourists are changing. You have to cut off payments to them at that time It's it's a lot and it's GonNa it's GonNa take and it's GonNa cut into margins and profits that's and that's that's going to be difficult but there there really isn't any other way to deal with phenomenon because you really need to to have that kind of very granular information and you need it on a very broad scale so that you can do something about it you need to have the kind of data that you could see from The miles mild above planet earth right and even that is difficult because a lot of the cutting takes place beneath the tree canopy. So so that even the satellite data might not pick up the first signs. That people are settling in to these forest ars scenarios you've written about a company called Berry Calabro. What is it that Berry Calabro has done so they? They're sort of working on this very everything. And they've also cataloging who's living on these places and they have a lot of information about family sizes They they have three hundred people on the ground monitoring things So it's a big effort although again it's it's a fraction of the whole industry tree but it does seem like a step in the right direction. I mentioned a few minutes ago. That that you know chocolate is a luxury story. And I was thinking if I were in your shoes Stephen. It might be hard to see candy the same way as I might have before before I went into this kind of of reporting do you. Has This changed the way that you think about candy and chocolate in particular. I do think about it although I must say i. I'd like certain kinds of chocolate products but I have spoken to several people here who've stopped eating chocolate. That at least stopped eating for now I think it's also important to remember that we do a lot of things that that are bad for the the Earth's climate How did you get to work? Well I I took a car course all right. Well there you go I mean you you know each of us in his own way his or her own way is is doing something and I think. Part of the point of of the articles that we're doing here is to try to get people to reassess that that and to think of things that they can do differently there were policies that policies that we could we could adopt that might point us in a different direction. So do you still indulge indulged. You have a favorite chocolate. I do actually have a lot My wife makes a mean. Kids make mean chocolate cake Um And I love chocolate chip cookies although I have been cutting back those but I had already been cutting back on them for other reasons. uh-huh for regular health. I totally understand. And I'm with you there one hundred percent but you know I. I seriously after reporting on this industry. What are your sort of reflections on how this industry is come about and what it takes to produce chocolate on a mass scale? I mean is this. Is this something that Well I'll just leave the question open. There will what what are you. What do you make of of the chocolate industry? Now that you've been reporting on what's it's like a lot of commodity industries you know. It's got a lot of far-flung growers are suppliers. That's got big middlemen cargill's big donnelly like a company like car bills ninety big and cocoa but in sugar and wheat and I think that they play very big roles. In certain countries that become very dependent on those commodities. And I think that's true from place to place around the world It just might not be cocoa but it might be something else and Development and lavas places is it's very challenging and there's a lot of poverty so I you know I saw a lot of that when I was covering Africa and it's not just Africa. It's it's all sorts of other places Stephen Muffin and is a reporter for the Washington Post and he covers the business of climate change. We're going to have a link to his story. That trouble with chocolate in our show. Notes Stephen It's it's been great to get a chance to talk with you about your reporting remarkable piece of journalism. Thank you so much for taking time to speak with us on business works a thank you uh from wondering this is business wars. We sure hope you enjoyed this episode coming up on our next series. Well you either love them them or you hate them but these little morsel somehow always end up in the things we eat raisins. Were talking about when you think of raisins. You probably think of harmless little snacks in the sun maid girl smiling at you from a little red box right but it turns out the raisin industry is one of the seediest and most violent industries industries in the country full of shady backroom business deals and labor disputes. Join US next time for Raisin wars on business wars course we invite you to subscribe apple podcasts. spotify Google podcast stitcher iheartradio or wherever fine podcasts or served. You'll find a link on the episode notes notes just tap or swipe over the cover art and you'll see some offers from our sponsors to. It would be terrific if you could support our show by supporting them. If you like what you've been listening to we would love it if you give us a five star rating until your friends how to subscribe. You know there's another way you can support it. And that's by answering short survey at wondering dot com slash survey. And while you're there don't forget to tell us what business war stories you'd like to hear next. I'm your host David. Brown Karen Low is our senior producer and editor Lee Lea Hernandez is our special episodes producer. And our editors Jenny Lower Beckmann. Our executive producer is Marshall. Louis created by earn on Lopez for we're wondering.
Nine out of ten, doctors say: a promising coronavirus vaccine
"Your miles go. Further with the capital one venture card the travel card that lets you earn unlimited double miles for more than just air travel right now earn one hundred thousand bonus miles you can actually use redeemable for vacation rentals car rentals and more when you spend twenty thousand dollars in your first year. What's in your wallet. Limited time offer terms apply see capital one dot com for details Hello and welcome to the intelligence on economist. Radio i'm your host jason palmer. Every weekday we provide a fresh perspective on the events. Shaping your world. Violence has followed last month's disputed election in ivory coast but it's just the latest example of african strongman who simply didn't want to leave office. We take a look at a troubling democracy bending trend across the continent and in this case of reefer madness accusations are flying that bollywood types corrupting the culture with their. We'd habits it's a surprising. Flashpoint india has a long unbroken and altogether pretty chill relationship with marijuana. But i during the year blighted by the pandemic through difficult days of isolation fear loss. One hope seemed forever distant a vaccine to provide immunity from the corona virus. Some promising news brings that whole closer pfizer and beyond tech to pharmaceutical firms announced that their candidate vaccine is more than ninety percent effective in preventing symptomatic cases of covid nineteen. The results are based on an interim analysis of a trial on forty three thousand people betrayal that still underway that hint that life might soon return to something like normal electrified. The market's positive news on a covid. Nineteen vaccine trial injected a jolt of energy into stocks driving the dow up more than eight hundred points monday as he has plenty of questions. Remain about the vaccine about its safety. Who most helps and for how long then there are far bigger. Logistical questions about distributing it. What's clear is that this is a major milestone. The beginning perhaps of the end of the pandemic. This is a really exciting moment. It's what we've been waiting for all year. Natasha loader our health policy editor not only do we have a vaccine. That seems to be effective. It's highly effective Mrs according to wildfires said none of us had dead to hope for a vaccine that was more than seventy percent effective so to find one that is ninety percent. Effective seems like an enormous achievement. And how much stock should we put in. That number of ninety percents efficacy. Well at the moment. These results are very provisional. We do need to wait. For scientific data to be published. We do need to see more details about the trial and how it was conducted all said. I think we can expect that. Even if ultimately the efficacy of the vaccine is not quite as effective as they thought with their initial analysis it still going to be an extremely successful vaccine it is fair to say it is a watershed moment and also. It's a real success for science. The vaccine is really the ultimate solution to this crisis and the more effective vaccine is the better and presumably this late in clinical trials. The question of safety is largely solved. I wouldn't say that at all. What we know is that they've not seen any kind of worrying side effects so far and it is to be safe but it has only been used in tens of thousands of patients. And we've only been looking at the side effects for not quite two months so we do need to gather more safety data to aside from questions of safety. What questions about this vaccine in particular are still around in your mind. Well there are a lot of questions remaining and one is the extent to which it's going to be effective in elderly people when we know that vaccines typically workers while in older people so those results will be eagerly anticipated. The second really important question is the extent to which it prevents infectiousness. Trust what fires says do we can say that. It's preventing this disease from occurring in most of the people who received the vaccine. We don't know if it's preventing them from spreading it. The thirteen us just essentially the longtime efficacy of the vaccine. I saw someone quoting some wrong from pfizer saying they expect it to last for year. I think that's a reasonable expectation but it is also really just based on theoretical knowledge. We have no practical knowledge of how long this boxing will lost. And so what are the next steps in getting this vaccine. Actually put to use pharma. Companies have to convince regulators to give something called an emergency authorization that will allow them to out the vaccine more widely. It's worth bearing in. Mind that the permission they're given is likely to be quite limited i would expect regulators to ask for vaccines. Just be given to very high risk patients in the first instance. I'm after the permission of things. But what about the the distribution end. The question has always been wants. There is a viable candidate. How to get into all the right hands or arms. Yeah i mean. That's the big question. We need to ramp up. Production of the vaccine has been underway since october supplies. Going to be extremely constrained of fast. And i would expect to see tens of millions of doses being distributed in some countries this year. The firm has said it can make one point three billion doses in two thousand and twenty one on various government. The american government european union united kingdom canada japan have all signed deals with pfizer and beyond tack to access doses of vaccine. The bigger question now is whether the international community through something called kovacs which is a vaccine group is able to secure a deal with pfizer as well. The distribution challenges are enormous. This vaccine needs to be kept frozen. It needs to be kept minus eighty degrees c on so in cities and in countries with lots of good infrastructure you can envisage it being possible to distribute it but it is possible thought. The international community will ultimately end up buying more doses of vaccine. That's just easier to distribute. And what about those other candidates. How does this result fit in with with other vaccines that are in the race. Here there are two more vaccines that are close behind pfizer. And it's enormously exciting. In the coming weeks. We should get results from after zenica and from madonna. And there's a lot of reason to hope that these vaccines will work as well. The astrazeneca vaccine for example has shown really promising results in the elderly. And so even if pfizer's vaccine doesn't do well in this group of people we could expect the astros will so as someone who's been watching every twist and turn of this story you. You sound quite encouraged by this. Yes i am. I think when we look in the review mirror next summer this will be the moment things started to change. It's going to take months for the vaccines that do get approved to start. Having an impact but in terms of the impact that covert has society. It will start to be diminished next year. The other thing. I'm enormously excited about this vaccine has proven that this. Mri technology works for the first time. What it means is that if we needed a little bit further down the line a slightly different version of this vaccine. For example if the corona virus mutates we could just tinker with genetic information inside the five vaccine or any other are vaccine and create a completely new vaccine. That doesn't need to go through these trials and so not only away in the business. Now if defeating povich nineteen it looks like we could be much closer to defeating the pandemic of the future. Natasha thank you very much for the good news. Mother malcolm tyson this economist. Podcast is sponsored by upwork up. Work is the world's largest remote talent platform devs designers writers strategists. You name it find hire and pay all in one place. Whatever skills your scope demands upwork is how need to find coders outside of your area code and seo specialist for six weeks or a designer through december pros available short or long-term one time or as often as you need the proven rated and reviewed when you need in demand talent on demand. Upwork is how your miles go further with the capital one venture card the travel card that lets you unlimited double miles for more than just air travel right now earn one hundred thousand bonus miles you can actually use redeemable for vacation rentals cars and more when you spend twenty thousand dollars in your first year. What's in your wallet. Limited time offer terms apply see capital one dot com for details in africa in recent weeks. There's been run of elections dogged by allegations of vote-rigging and marred by violence in guinea. A vote on october eighteenth resulted in a dubious victory for incumbent. President alpha conde fought monday. Visit accustom cut some restock ganesha. The opposition there says dozens were killed protesting against the result. John bombay yourself mobile forty the swearing in of john. Michael fully for a second term as tanzania's president followed an election. That many said was neither free nor fair and most recently in ivory coast president. Allison what i've got has retained power contest that few belief he should have been allowed to stand in gold with elections approaching several other countries. Democracy in africa appears to be in deepening trouble. So in the ivory coast the president that president watcher has changed the constitution which would have imposed two-term limit on him. He says that allows him to run again which he has done. Kenley salmon is our africa correspondent on type of thirty first. The election was held. And he won with a a whopping ninety four percent of the vote that was in large part because the opposition chose to boycott the poll alongside that boycott. There's also been civil disobedience in quite some violence in protests and also ethnic violence both before and after the election the opposition for example pascal. Affi n'guessan i one of the main opposition leader says the election was constitutional and announced that the opposition would set up a transitional government instead it allows for when you're not going to rally mr and guessing is now believed to have been arrested but he has just recently released a video or someone has released a video saying he is alive and well. Meanwhile other opposition leaders have been targeted. They've had the houses surrounded but just on monday. The constitutional court in ivory coast said the motherless despite all this the election is valid. And mr ouattara has indeed a one and with that. What dangerous there do you think of more of the violence. The you mentioned well. The sunni arrested the crisis may worse than we might see more of these clashes between rival supporters. Which often also map onto different ethnic groups and there's also a risk that part of the armed forces likely don't see mr ouattara as legitimate. Now that he's gone past his two-term limit and in fact we saw the omb. Sarah who's a former prime minister and a rebel leader. Now exiled in called on the army to act against mr ouattara amidst all of this attention over three thousand people have already fled the country and this is starting to look like a pattern. We've certainly talked about tanzania on the show before well that's right. The have been pretty alarming. Similarities intensity of it also in guinea at the recent actions and also a lot of violence in reaction again to a changing of the constitutional setup to allow for extra terms. Tanzania probably has the most troubling in terms of that real clamp down on the opposition. They are again with the president. Prison mega fully has one with a very large share of the vote. The opposition religious fraud many members of the opposition have since been arrested and one of the main opposition leaders tuned to looser is still in the german embassy where he sought refuge having been questioned already by police. And what's the international reaction ben to all of this electoral discomfort regional bodies and international actors. Of course have responded in some way but particularly in the region they tend to favor incumbents and that's because of course most of these regional bodies like the african union. I led by themselves and so they tend to favor. The opposition perhaps a little less and specifically inten ear. The african union hasn't actually expressed an opinion despite having an observer mission there and so rem oppose of the president of south africa who currently chairs. The african union overall has already congratulated president mega fully tanzania on his win in a peaceful election outside the region. There's been a bit more concern britain that it was deeply troubled by what was happening in tanzania the. Us has also weighed in on ivory coast for example all parties to follow the electoral but that was widely mocked given the us was going through. Its own electoral troubles at almost the exact same moment and looking at the bigger picture here and this proliferation of troubled elections. Do you think there's there's a signal here that democracy in africa is under threat more than ever. Well it's certainly very worrying. Trend and the most concerning part of it is the changing of constitutional term limits presidents. We've seen that happen. Obviously in ivory coast and guinea but also elsewhere recently seems to be increasingly prominent. Not that long ago. Back in two thousand fifteen one of the regional bodies in west africa eco s actually had a proposal to restrict presidents right across the region to two terms and it came close to passing but was ultimately dropped after. A few of them are stubborn. Incumbents continue to block it and since then these regional bodies have really had a pretty limp response to efforts to change the constitution to allow presence to stay in power for longer and longer i think without a regional effort to stop it. This is a pretty worrying trend. And so what are the next kind of flash points that we should look out for well. Obviously things haven't quite finished yet in guinea. Ten in the ivory coast. And so it'll be important to see what happens. There is the opposition continues to dispute and contest. What's an officially declared but there are a lot more elections coming up very soon in africa. So we've see elections next few months in burkina faso. The central african republic nesia ghana and uganda soon and there is a risk of things going poorly and other places to already certain uganda. The one of the main opposition candidate. Bobby wine was arrested when he went to submit his application to run for president. But there are still. I think bright spots a lot of people expect to have an election in december that world here much more closely to democratic principles and we saw in seychelles admittedly a small country handing example of a peaceful transition of power where all parties attended the handover ceremonies and it was sort of peaceful and positive example. So i think it's still hope to see that elsewhere as well. Can i thank you very much for your time. Thank you indian. Media went to war with read and september the investigation into a bollywood scuttle got done. I'll say drugs connection lagat. That's when law enforcement agencies ruled out a series of pretexts to hold rea- chakrabarti a bollywood starlet. In general for a month she was accused of sourcing marijuana for her famous boyfriend. Sue shawn singh rajput. Who had committed suicide in june. This is keri. Turning out to be bollywood's dirty picture top stars being involved drug. Chad's coming to the light. And several of jesus puritans fred that miss chakrabarti and other cannabis crazed actors were corrupting the nation's youth but in india the moral crusade against stoner's runs counter to culture marijuana known to start started in central eurasia many thousands of years ago alex shelley is india correspondent at our first and oldest extant literary reference is from the hindu vida's which would put the first description of anyone's getting high or in any way affected by cannabis to about three thousand years ago. And what about today. What's the indian relationship with marijuana. These days these days. India's relationship with marijuana cannabis all the various things that come from. The plant is quite a jumble. The plant can be chopped up and used in different ways. Among the less potent parts are fan leaves and seeds. Put those together. And you've got a category called pong it'll get you high if you take it the right way. But it's not terribly strong and a funny loophole in indian drug law has it that pong isn't really a drug and once a year when the holy festival comes and springtime nearly everyone especially hindu families Quite respectable middle class families to will make a drink with pong and everyone will get quite high on this drink and then throw brightly colored powders and colored water at one another and it's quite strange to see in very recent days and attempt to turn cannabis use into some sort of foreign perfidy as some people have implied. It is among film stars right so what happened in the end with ryoko party. And the the bollywood cannabis conspiracy. There was for strange reasons. This enormous amount of interest generated over the summer and because there are a lot of people in the indian press. Were interested in keeping that story going and pinning blame for the young actress death on here. The worst thing they could find was buying marijuana smoking it with her friends and they tried to drum up a great big storm out that it didn't really work. She's now out on bail and there's not much interest in prosecuting her further. I expect that this little moral crusade against marijuana is gonna disappear about as quickly as it came so to your mind. This isn't the beginning of a grand groundswell against danja. No i think surely not the most interesting thing about india's history with cannabis as an intoxicant is that it's continuous for the past. Three thousand years really without break. Some indians have been getting high and thinking highly of it. That's not the case elsewhere. In the world europe and other parts of the world that were introduced to marijuana long ago effectively forgot about it until the twentieth century and were gripped by in a way that india never really was for. India has made its peace with pot longtime running now and this little contretemps in the media is sure to disappear. Alex thanks for going into the weeds on that one for us. Sure thank you jason me. That's all for this episode of the intelligence. It'd be like us. If as a rating on apple podcasts and you can subscribe to the economist at economist dot com slash intelligence offered link in the show notes. See you back here tomorrow. Work has the world's largest network of independent professionals so if you need a ui designer a full stack developer team of designers and developers working together. You've got the full. Take care myself. Rachel out of stephanie. High upwork has agencies to available for six weeks four six months when you need in demand. Talent on demand at work is how.
NPR News: 07-08-2020 5PM ET
"Live from NPR news I'm Jack, speer, Vice President Mike Pence says the CDC will be updating its guidelines on how to safely open schools. NPR's Franko or donors reports the move comes after president. Trump called the guidelines very tough inexpensive. Speaking at a White House Coronavirus Task Force briefing Vice President Mike Pence said. The administration doesn't want schools to use the guidelines as an excuse to not reopen their schools, and that's the reason why next week C.'s going to be issuing a new set of tools. Five different documents that have be giving even. More clarity on the guidance going forward, President Trump tweeted Wednesday that the CDC was asking schools to do impractical things. He also threatened to withhold funding from schools that didn't open and suggested. Those who keep schools closed are doing so for political reasons, though there's no evidence of this Franco or DONAS NPR news for months three million confirmed cases and more than one hundred and thirty one thousand US deaths that is the corona virus tally so far. Far and most health experts including the nation's top infectious disease expert, Dr Anthony Fauci agree we are still dealing with the first wave of the disease with a number of cases now rising, many Americans are facing long lines at testing sites, and in some cases going a week or more without receiving a diagnosis due to backlog us, health officials say the real number of infections likely ten times that or close to ten percent of the population. The first study of the US clinic was supervised. Drug use finds all overdoses were reversed, and there have been no deaths from member station. W. R. in Boston Martha Bebinger more. so-called supervised consumption sites are not legal in this country, but there is at least one in an undisclosed location. This research published in the New England Journal of Medicine Tracks Operations at that clinic. Over five years, staff have revived thirty three clients with no fatalities study author Alex Kroll says the findings are compelling as od deaths rise during the pandemic. This is a particular moment in time that we need to try more innovative solutions to prevent the many many overdoses that are out there. Federal officials have pledged to prosecute anyone who tries to open a supervised consumption site in the US for NPR news. I'm. Martha Bebinger in Boston. Boston. Storm clouds on the horizon for yet another of the major airlines traveled all kinds down sharply due to the coronavirus pandemic united list of the major carriers to announce the possibility of big COTS. The airline announced date may have to lay off as many as thirty six thousand employs nearly half. US staff united officials say they hope to reduce that number by offering early retirements need to send out notices this month. Comply with the law that workers get at least sixty days. Notice stocks eked out gains today, the Dow up one hundred seventy seven points. The Nasdaq was one hundred forty eight points. Today. You're listening to NPR. The British government today unveiled a package of measures it hopes will help. The economy bounced back there and limit a major uptick and unemployment due to the coronavirus pandemic officials with the country's Treasury Department a series of measures today that will provide incentives for businesses to retain higher staff as well as new funding for training and environmental projects. The Prime Minister of Ivory Coast has died of a heart, attack and Perez Peralta reports. He was the ruling party's presidential candidate. In the upcoming elections, a government official made the announcement on state TV. Michelle compatriots. Were the Ivory Coast is in mourning. He says because Prime Minister Gong Kelly has died. His death rose. Ivory Coast's October elections into turmoil in March President Dallas on what data stunned the nation by announcing he would not seek a third term, but he handpicked Prime Minister Kalibbala to succeed him. Now that he's gone. It's unclear what happens next in a country with a history of violent transfer of power Interpol NPR news Nairobi the iconic us. US clothing company this dress president bankers in pinstripes, nearly two hundred years, surviving two world wars was apparently no match for the corona virus at a time when every day is casual Friday for millions of men Brooks brothers announcing today, this filing for bankruptcy founder did New York in eighteen eighteen brooks brothers even managed to stay afloat during the Great Depression, but says many of its stores have been closed in the company simply cannot keep going. I'm Jack Speer NPR news.
Signs of Breast Cancer To Look Out For...Check Out #3 | How Can Acupuncture Help?
"Hello everyone and welcome back to acupunctures in my life now. today. I'm going to discuss an interesting topic. Life brought to my attention from a young lady by the name of porsche from the ivory coast of africa and We will engage in concert regarding breast cancer and I found it pretty interesting. And she wanted to know because she was pretty nervous. She felt she was experiencing certain symptoms and was sort of afraid to go see her doctor. She didn't know how she should approach this. And if acupuncture can help with breast cancer and More people globally are following acupunctures life on every social media platform me coming across different topics that are of interest to them and when they have questions concerns as to whether acupuncture can help them. Or just you know. Want us to expand on what was presented on social media. They were usually contacting initiative. I say over and over follows on every social media platform because we put out tons of information on a daily basis with many disorders in which individual can benefit from acupuncture. Irv showing. what have you so you know. When every social media platform we're under acupunctures my life with the exception of twitter. We're at accurate. Underscores my life and Tens of thousands or even visiting a website every day and Perusing information astaire to our weekly newsletter. By you. Know i i will say most times. I understand some people. Globally you make become concerned about a certain disorder. If you're overly concerned i have to enforce go to your nearest emergency. You know. it's not a thing that sit back. Wait to get in touch with acupuncture my life because you can you can contact us and we usually recommend you do after you see your doctor or some other form of healthcare especially slice it. Nothing wrong with contacting key. Sh- my life but a few overly concerned slice ditch basically bashed to turn. Let's say t. News emergency room or if your doctor or dr. Immediate area has unveiled ability. To see you see that i understand. He'll put a lot of information. Act and it arouses interest. You want to expand further but also we reinforce the nearest and best type of medical care seek download the the acupuncture my app and you can contact us. Twenty four hours and engage in private chat sessions. You can do this from the google play store act but you know. I went over like seventeen different signs that she can have breast cancer. Two of them shoes presenting with symptoms of. I won't go into detail about it. This is just one topic mice. I'm going to cover. But i'm not going to be as personal as she would like to be home with regard to her case by one. One symptom is noticing that your breast changing colors. Kazak can be a sign of inflammatory breast cancer. If you notice your skin. Let's say turning reddish or even pink on more than half the actual breast. See your doctor. And then contact acupunctures my life where she local acupuncturist to explore the many many options to your veil with regard to his condition. Now there are cases where it may be. Difficult to notice discoloration in women of color. Because if you're over. Doc brown complexion. It's going to be difficult to determine pinkish reddish tones breast. Another can't another sign can be a reg bottle abreast. Some random rash coming up slice. Don't brush it off to. It can be another sign of inflammatory. Breast can't dr examiners lost contact acupunctures my life. She local acupuncturist. Another sign is your breasts. Looks as if it's been bruised and so wondering like how did this get here. Remember striking myself or any type of trauma being posed breast. Or what have you and to issue. Stay for life. No region can be another sign of inflammatory breast cancer research and some can even confuse it with an infection so again look to see your doctor right away to have checked out. Then contact acupuncture my wife or she'll local acupuncturist. Another us is actually lymph note schwartz. These lymph nodes huge hugely. Knows that are under your feels very uncomfortable. Pain four to the tar or even just feel the discomfort even without touching underneath slice and there are cases where women have been diagnosed with breast cancer that spread to lymph node but never show any signs or symptoms on the actual breast you. You experienced this discomfort doctor right away. I recommend you she acupuncture after she adopted or call acupunctures my life in another area of the body where you can experience enlarged lymph nodes that many are unaware of his around the collarbone slice either below you immediately below the collarbone or just above we have lymph node i slice and if there some swelling discomfort also assigned it be brisket took. Let's see your doctor contact acupuncture life afterwards and or she. Your local acupuncture another sign of can be unusual pain or tend to breast or breasts. Now they're women at experience slice tenderness of the grass around the time of their period which is no but if this continues pain becomes more severe after your cycle is done and bells rang letting you know which. It has nothing to do with insurance. That's the case doctor. And in up by contacting acupuncture life local acupunctures. Another shine could be worse. You notice a sore spot on your breasts. Chist will knocked. He's now it can be on the actual breast itself it can be on nipple spot. It just doesn't seem to to heal. This can be is rare form of breast cancer and this type of reform. Breast cancer usually originates on the nipple. And it's more common in older women above sixty. But it's not an absolute situation with it just went above sixty so if you notice sore spot on your lip and it just will not. He'll see your doctor right away. Thank contact acupunctures. My life for euro your local acupunctures. Another sign is in the areola of the breast. It looks like shorter irritates the area around your nipple. If looks feels irritated. And i see it can. It can present. Let's say scaling or flaky or peeling just as a few examples. Act that can also be a sign of breast. Can't because you know there's something wrong once you see that don't ignore it. Do not ignore. Because again i say over and over. Both health is wealth. Staying healthy being proactive in your body is giving off these little subtle signs that something is wrong. You have to address. It sits about staying in touch your body. This is why so many people every day following acupunctures because the simple things in life that we tend to forget because we're overwhelmed so much that's going on. We're here to remind you folks we are here to remind you. Hey if your body's telling you this scene acupunctures and even your doctor or contact acupuncture and they're a thousand on a regular basis that attempt to contact us shindo sheehan males requests soon. Conferences engage in private chat. Sessions attempt to call but the key is is keeping. You informed most initials why so many people are finally acupuncture my life and this over and over you know. Take a second and just pull your car to the side. Few crossing the streets get across the streets carrying something heavy. Put it down. Put yourself in a resting position right. Slice minim- want you to close your eyes and i want you to save myself. Acupunctures my life and then open homeless brandon right. It's it's owner. Don't hear starts. Why say over and over. Follow us on every social media by so much free information to avail so much to another symptom. Can be abnormal discharge. Pregnant didn't just give birth is life. Where's this coming from. You know breast milk of course but if you're not pregnant while you didn't initially give life mean you you're noticing bloody or clear discharge. See your doctor immediately. Then contact acupunctures my life on your local acupuncturist slice ship. Them is the shape of your breast has changed now. This this happens to women also often. What do age aging or pregnancy. But if if it just seems to suddenly happened on and even if it does happen correlative aging pregnant. Still wanna get your breast checked out because breast cancer serious slice so women. It's important and most of you do which is awesome. But it's important to stay on top of breast health. Another symptom or sign can be if you noticed that the skin on your breasts beginning to debbie which is easy to ignore some because nervous. We hope it just goes away. Some of you are put some cream cream and cream on it and that should fix it now. It see you. i mean especially. If dissembling is appearing in texture is like orange peel that can be a more basic science breast cancer. See your doctor right away. Contact acupuncture my life your local acupuncturist again held as well you skin. Texture changes resembles mike. Let's say like an orange peel. Scaly has reddish coloration to it. You have to see dr contact. Your local acupunctures acupunctures. Another sign symptoms could be purple nipple or reddish. Anytime you notice any discoloration or change in colored that is not good specially of flaking in ball and some form of irritation. That is not good. I see your doctor right away. You can contact acupuncture way afterward. Active local acupunctures. Another symptom can be swell swelling breasts. And if if you just don't understand have no clue as to why and especially it's just one side don't ignore it could be subtle sign of breast. Can't don't ignore it. See your doctorate contact acupunctures. My lights will she'll local acupuncturist. But don't ignore another symptoms is if notice that your nipple was beginning to turn inward when it was previously retract. This can be a sign of inflammatory tori breast cancer which is wanted a more aggressive types of breast cancer. See you doctor. Life teen acupuncture contact patriots. It's just it's all your healthy life. Another shine can be if you noticed that your breast shrinking onsite. And you can you can. This can happen for a period of time without you even notice. Shame that chap see your doctor. Just monitor your breasts. Every day you get out of shower the bafta you know. Just give you some simple examination. Every you wanna catch breast cancer as early as possible. I slice another side. Is the areola now to ariola. Your breasts have gotten thicker. She you doctors. Contact acupunctures my life slice as well as i slice. Pay a visit to your local acupunctures because breast cancer. Something serious and these are some of the signs that you should be aware of that. Should trigger you to see your doctor. So i will remain in touch porsche from the ivory coast and Mainly vice can you know. She liked to continue receiving from acupunctures. My life we're here. I hear every we try to help you as best we can and give the best advice of can along with the many ways tweaking that i don't discuss over podcast but ladies if you're experiencing some of these symptoms see your doctor right away. Contact acupunctures my life as well as your local acupuncturist until next times. I'll leave you with acupunctures what's yours.
Can I Orbit?
"Welcome to fork up your go-to podcasts. For all things holly jolly and political follies. I'm michelle davis and matt holloway. Today we're talking chocolate crimes liquor laws and what. The fuck is fruitcake. Stay tuned y'all that to get what the fuck is going on every and hope you'll had a good holiday. Speaking holidays thanksgiving dishes just sitting in the fridge. We have on our website banners dot com slash pieces. Feasts you can repurpose those and make a lasagna too perfect recipe for all that stuff to this and if you're like raising marinara on thanksgiving leftovers no bech no marinara. Gravy grazie sauce. That's right is delicious. We also have a pomegranate vinegar right. Pretty really pretty. Very fancy not fancy. It's not fancy it's not difficult. I'm just saying it like pomegranate itself. It looks oh yeah. If you saw that on the menu that's a fifteen dollar salad baby pomegranates. Like an alien fruit. I love when we have to do shots at pomegranate. Because jews naturally looks beautiful looks like a still life. It's fruit jewelry office pointing a salad dressing out of it delicious. Yeah it's lake. You can't take a bad picture of pomegranate. You can't take a bad picture of naomi campbell like these fact. Some people have it. Some people don't also if you try to get more into the next holiday that is coming up. That is that you celebrate. We have an excellent change. Came went to bark. We have it's not really to recipes. We have the way to make it and we have two options for. Yeah and in the bottom of the recipe. I give you a bunch of suggestions on how to mix it up so technically like using my steps you could make five six seven different kinds of bark. You could chop it all up and put it in like a mixed in for people for like a holiday gift to give everybody. I think homemade gifts way. That's shit yeah. Like world worried bind stuff. We don't know the people are gonna use that. Make something and everybody is happy for something homemade. What about that hot. Cocoa mix pantry stable. Hot cocoa may fucking easy to make gives somebody put a bow on it shows e care and you know read the instructions just like get a pretty little jar you can get them at fucking goodwill or anywhere else get a pretty little jar and then right the measurements on the little cup. It's a hot cocoa mix. You can give everybody and it'll cost you nothing but the thought is so much nicer than a gift. That cost like four times as much i will say. I have a rule with my family. I mean you know this about me. I do not give gifts. But i also do not accept gifts in exchange. Yeah i don't want to stress out about buying. Y'all something and i don't want your stress sound spend money by buying me something so i don't have that role but i have a slightly different take on that role Which is i'm not. I don't feel obligated to get people gifts necessarily for christmas or their birthday. Or what have you nor. Do i expect a gift from you but i will get you gifts when i see something that i think you will want tonight will give it to you unprompted and that is how we should give a gift. Can normalize gift-giving. I don't we. Why do we need a holiday for this shit. We don't and like making people give you a gift means you get bullshit you don't want and it makes them spend money that they don't have if you're only getting people things when you think of them when you see something or you're you're making something like like oh i could double this cookie recipe and don't give some to fucking john over there. That's just shit. That's what giving is about an and it shows like. Look if you give me a gift on my birthday or a holiday like social cues have prompted you to give me that gifts. A fuels forced. Yes if it is a tuesday in april in you give me a t shirt. You're like assault on new. You love it. I'm like that means so much more to me because like not only what. Am i import enough to you. That you've you know my taste. And like what i like but that you saw it thought of me and wanted to make my day a little happier like that's awesome pressure. Gift giving us normalize it. There we go. I'm on board. Make something from our website. Batmans dot com slash. Baseless feasts or feast. It is singular now and if you guys are like oh i wanna put in attend. Those are things are expensive and bubble. Viewed your local restaurant supply store which desperately needs to support right now. You guys can get like the bakery boxes and make them in a bunch of different sizes and just put a little parchment or wax paper in their your cookies in there and then tie of risen honest some charles dickens shit chief great and you don't have to worry about getting your goddamn container bag also said other like less than a dollar. No lake much less than they're like ten cents especially for the smaller sizes So just go do that. And you can buy like individually. You don't need to buy a mailing twenty five pack or something. So that's that's useless feces. Who is going. Oh you know some to talk about so you moved to a new place. And i was. I was checking it out last week. It's real nice there. Was you know you need to bring some stuff from office. Those dropping some stuff. There was a restaurant by your new place. That had a giant banner. There every time. I see this. I'm just fill the questions and the batteries and y'all have all seen it under new management booed. Kfc over here has that too word. Yeah right around the corner. And i'm always like what and before that you want to clear the air. Here's here's this series of questions. That i run through number one. What happened what happened. That was so gracious that you now have to call a print shop to get this banner in apologize publicly to everyone driving by there like look. I know the yo used to come here in. Utah stopped. Could you please come back. That asshole isn't here anymore and like us all them better. And how bad was it that you assume all of us know and then only a banner all of this. We got rid of the jerk. The bannered trying to communicate the general public. I wanna see one that like names names. We grabbed banner. Josh please come. I want to give me the hot dates right off the top. Because i will flick enrolled or your drive thru on something and i'll just be like what happened so look i'll give you a little bit extra. Gimme the dirt on that panorama picture with a line through it of these. I mean it's like you've seen is like it's like my friendship with this person. Is the best friends like yes. Yes yeah. I saw that driving back from your place to the office last week. And i'm just. I'm always filled the questions that also i wanna know. Does this work. Yeah effective because clearly. I don't think the restaurants would do it if it wasn't yeah. I'm trying to think if i've ever been swayed world like fuck and finally one of your favorite like strip mall restaurants now and then you're like oh they. They got the banner out. I'll say this one time. I in like a like a strip mall mexican restaurant and was under new management. And i used to go there and i liked it and then i would again. I was like i don't lincoln interesting. Okay that's that's a twist out. The i took a hit liked it. Okay yeah okay. So new management's probably not as good as old management. i mean i thought But that was just me. That's the only time that i have been swayed. Yeah that'd be like if all costco's across the country put banners like under new management. You're like i don't know they were. They were doing fine wherewithal. Would y'all changing. It'd be a good thing going. Yeah it's always weird. Yeah no i'll let you. I'll start asking around the neighbor out at the end of the drive through and display banner. So what's the story on a new. I'm new around here signs like that. I'm just filled with questions. I want to know i'm nosey. I mean absolutely especially like these days. When i'm so starved for gossip because we're seeing no one and almost no one's leaving their house and i just want like total stake lace like nothing. Nothing's on the line to you in any way that just gossip like old office gossip like i want that kind of shit. I want hear what. Deborah is fucking are. We'll see this. I have enjoyed the quiet since the election. And all this bullshit news draw. Thank god listen. January twenty first. They should put a ban on the white under under new management. Yes we should crowdfunding. Get it going joe. I know you listen to the podcast. Fucking do joe at is funny. Fuck man. I'm sure yet. Those banners can't cost much we have. Kfc can deal. We can do and a couple hundred bucks. I'll i'll go so far since the white house. You need a big one. Yes go is is thousand. Ooh nick. I mean it's a two color scheme but it's gonna be on the white house. Let's get a nice gilded banner. Ooh we'll get some like like of oil is something something around the edges. Maybe something lights up at night to gotta make up. We get some. Led's sure like sewn in into it okay. Merica under new management. Twenty twenty one. The joan is down. Yes speaking of history. Let's get into food his. It is now time for this week in food history serious gourmet suit so fruitcake is a winter holiday food but i feel like all of johnny carson's jokes about it on the tonight show for years really made it fall out of favor with us here in the us. I feel like it's like an older person tradition totally. Yeah so in december nineteen eighty-five he joked on national tv quote. The worst christmas gift is fruitcake. There was only one fruitcake in the entire world and people keep sending it to joke. I mean that's how much we all disliked fruitcake that he could make that joke at. Everyone's like ma about newsletter. It's fate was sealed from there. If you guys have never had it. The fruit for fruitcake is dried. Raisins currants apricots cherries. Those kinds of things and then the fruit is soaked along with nuts. Either in like a sweet syrup or traditionally in a rumour like a fortified sweet wine or something like that is like now that you're getting into the ingredients of trail mix cake. Yeah yeah kind of and and all of that is loaded into a very dense cake thick. Yes and because of all the sugar and the alcohol fruitcake doesn't go bad for a long time which made it ideal in time before refrigeration. Some recipes call for it to be stored in a cloth that has been soaked in the alcohol that you baked with it so that it stays moist and helps keep mold away as alcohol as a preservative. People have been known to keep fruitcakes like up to twenty five years holy fuck. There's a fruit cake on display. I think it was grover. Cleveland had it in the white house. And it's like one hundred nine years old but a lot of people will make a fruitcake to eat the next holiday season. Whoa what the for wild dude. This has been a tradition since before for a duration. It's not like they're keeping it in the freezer is like how people know this himself. I'm blown away. The y'all have the counter space teaches. Be having a cake around. You're going to like someone comes over like you weren't cut and i kicked on. Oh no no no. We're going to eat that and six months look at it. Cakes can be good and six months out of we better six months for sure you see that towel. Sit on top of it. That's a whiskey towel. My grandmother's with work. It's been soaked for generations. So like all things in the european culinary ancient rome kind of started this whole shit. So the romans would mix pine peanuts barley mash which you know it's like leftover for making beer and things like that Mix it with pomegranates and reasons and then honeyed wine and the shaped it indicates called satura so fittingly the word satire a literary device that romans invented is derived from that cake a mix of many ingredients suppose sour and sweet and you can buy that in the new york times. I thought that was really interesting. But what we'd recognize as a modern fruitcake can be traced back to the middle ages. As dried fruits became more widely available and fruited breads kind of entered the western european cuisine. I couldn't find any evidence of this but remember we were talking about rose water so i was kind of thinking that a lot of this dried fruit like injection into culinary. The western european culinary tradition would have come from the soldiers in the crusades in the middle east because dried fruit is such a big part of a lot of middle eastern cuisine. Both savory and sweet it would make sense that the soldiers brought that back or that knowledge back like they brought rose water. So i this is just an educated guess but yes. A fruit cake started getting really popular in the seventeen hundreds and even became the traditional wedding cakes in britain. It's not so british very british and sell. They'll cover it in this white royal icing decorated with christmas thing. Like holly leaves and things like that or you know. Just like fucking wedding gaming. It's been the official royal wedding cake. Since queen victoria and both princess diana had one at her wedding or wedding cake and william and kate. Google this photos of this better. But isn't that that's crazy. Yeah you would choose that you'd have any cake in the world near like gimme that cake. That's been sitting on the counter for the last twelve months. I'm getting married. Yeah going out with a bang food poisoning. So why didn't fruitcakes get such a bad rap here in the us that it became like this running joke for comedians. we've all heard stand up comedians. Make these jokes. let's do what furka. Yeah like the nineteen fifties really fucked with our food system you know. We were so focused on convenience foods future and the microwave and stuff like that that a ton of mail order fruit cake. Companies popped up with the tagline of like you. Save yourself all this time this holiday season and like order fruitcake for counter space. Exactly one big problem. The cakes were shit so when mass produced a mail order fruitcakes became available they really cemented in people's minds. Here in the us that fruitcake was somehow both dense and dry and then like encrusted in these garish unnaturally colored candied fruits and nuts. Like if you look up fruitcakes from this time steps ahead you know cherry red and like these bright green colors like berry. Jello salad colors. These are rough looking. Yeah not at all like what you would expect like a really good fruitcake to look like dude. This is a crime against food. Faulk don't even fruit. So fruitcakes have been around for thousands of years and no matter what version you make. Each country has a different take on it. My favorite is the german stolen so it's a yeast bread at sweetened. Fold the fruit. That's been soaked and all that stuff into it and then it's rushed with butter and then covered in powdered sugar. It's fucking delicious. sounds fine. Totally my favorite style of fruitcake. Whichever kind you make make it yourself. That's the key to fruitcake. Is the you have to do it. If you outsource this. It turns terrible. Don't fucking do that. So that's the history of fruits or vegetables onto the planet. Welcome to recall ready this week. Recall a baby spinach doodoo possible. Salmonella contamination was announced in the us and canada by veg pro internationals brand of fresh attitude. Wow with edge pro more like veggie amateur stupid. The baby spinach was produced by veg pros. Eastern canadian plant mostly affects connecticut. Delaware new jersey new york maryland and pennsylvania in the us as well as ontario quebec and new brunswick and canada. They have been no reported illnesses yet in. The plant is being investigated by the canadian food inspection agency. I trust that actually. I trust them. They may crime prime day. Don't fucks with crime addition seriously for those of y'all who aren't keeping a foodborne illness bingo card and do a lot of fun. Salmonella symptoms include fever. Diarrhea nausea vomiting and abdominal pain. I am just glad. I'm at that point in. My career is writer that i can spell diarrhea and nausea a nail. It the first time. Wow i still can't spell vinegar. Ah now i fuck that shit out. And there was no spellcheck underlying winning hill. Flack there are more than one point. Three million americans salman l. poisoning each year in over four hundred deaths. So if you live on eastern seaboard and somebody serve up. Some questionable creamed spinach with thanksgiving holiday. That made you and everybody else in the family bottom out immediately. Maybe it wasn't their bad cooking. That happened to you not this year. Yes there was thanksgiving that i showed up dishes but they said they had most of the cooking. Yes even though. I brought my own. The cream spinners was vegan. Yes and it. I immediately immune. Y'all know when you eat something that your body goes through the proper pipes but your body's just like we got to fast track by to give that food some easy pass. I don't care if it's gone. The way came in and get the fuck out of this body because that is poison. I firmly believe you either. Come from a line of shifter's or of puke. There's me like no one way or the other hour. Delay boone general people. In general you're say puke or you are and walk around with no i come from a long line of shit or fuck around with if i feel. I feel a little nauseous. Just back off. I would love to get it out that fast. We love pain. We just hold onto it say with some frequency when i'm brushing my teeth. Nine all stupid. It's always just like what the instill grow manned until. I don't know what it is so this bench. Avoid the spinach. So the ivory coast and ghana account for seventy percent of the world's chocolate supply. And they've been working for years to fight. The exploitation of their people and resources by giant international corporations like she's and mars. And what do we know about mars. Mars is the largest producer of pet food in the united states. And if we do a story about mars they're always the bad guy. Moore's is never the hero now never been they hear in any story. There's never feel good story about more absolutely not and this is another one. Even the planet mars is being tainted by ilana moscow everytime mars the headline mars is. Can i catch a break. I've done nothing then. We're going to mars. I wanna make laws. Mars is what. I'm just sitting here by. What i these candy fucks you. What the fuck. Mary orbit tim bormann. No christ no can't or not in peace so a these countries. They had made progress in protecting their people now. These corporations and their subsidiaries are trained to check on their promises classic so chocolate makers and cocoa producers like her. she's mars had agreed to pay the west african nations a quote living income differential of four hundred dollars a tonne on top of their futures market. So it's a little convoluted it's one of those resources that are traded and in the futures market like corn and need and all those other things here in the us but after the pandemic slash demand the company said they needed to cost to whether a second wave of the stay at home orders that we're spending glove though. I must say. I eat more chocolate than chocolate. Be open yeah the very least a neutral. I don't i wouldn't see a dip yeah. I'll say that i'm surprised. So last month hershey's a mars. Inc took the unusual step of directly. Sourcing its cocoa via the exchange as premiums charged by ghana and the ivory coast made cocoa inventories that back future contracts in york more attractive so the upended the cocoa market In a monday letter to her she's ivory coast and ghana accused the company of quote conspiracy and machinations and coats saying that the use of the exchange was a clear indication of hershey's intent to avoid paying the living income french so the totally changed how they were sourcing stuff to get around this extra four hundred dollars a time that they showed the workers both the every customer so they already promised by the way. It's something they already agree to quite a while ago and then they're like hey we're just gonna fuck everything up so that the country is also accused chicago cocoa producer bloomer chocolate company which usually processes the large amount of beans for her. She's with collaborating with her. She's they also cues mars of mitigating the bulk of its cocoa butter purchases from its traditional processors instead buying from jabe coco and guan chung barrhead which is at a singapore instead just to avoid again paying this premium that they promised to pay. Which four hundred dollars a tonne like the chocolate marks on the insane your your can afford it yet and it's not even close and and like you could afford more than that because that's the number. You agree to that. So mars time disagrees with us and hershey's she's like i didn't fucking do this either but they have receipts and these countries have receipts. The countries are hitting back now and they are canceling all of the sustainability programs. Hershey's mars are involved in directly and indirectly saying that the companies running these programs on behalf of these companies will also be barred from operating them. So it's like hey you're trying to get all this fake good press about like sourcing sustainable chocolate and so on the they have a little thing. That's like oh this is and now those countries so like you gotta take that shit off you on kicked fuck. Would they should like fucking wrong. Yeah exactly so eve as kahn. The managing director of console decapa de coco and joseph bohen dude chief executive of the ghana cocoa board said in a statement that they will do quote. Whatever is within our power to protect the over three million farmers from impoverishment like they're just trying to do right by their people like you pay asking anything they're like. This is a something head already agreed to. We've already fought for this. You agree to it. And you're now you're backtracking on it because you think we won't notice or that we're going to be so fucking grateful for your shitty business good for them. Yeah they have seventy percent of the fucking world market. What are you gonna do so aside from the massive deforestation and systemic poverty that these companies play a huge part in in ghana and the ivory coast. They also exploited child labour in these places and have four decades this year a report sponsored by the us government show that child labour has gotten worse a decade after a hundred billion dollar chocolate industry pledged to reduce it. But they haven't fixed it give fuck about fixing it. They just wanna make it sound like they're trying to fix it in other walking away and now they're not going to pay a fair amount that they had already agreed to four these raw materials to make their food or whatever which would help these communities and keep these children how of laboring like and they're apparently fine with it. Yeah oh and they don't give a shit and they know that americans like won't follow this story so guys by ethically sourced chocolate for all the reasons and let's support the governments of ghana and the ivory coast for rightly trying to protect their people and their resources. Fuck you hershey's fuck you mars. I will be getting my chocolate elsewhere. This week said a resounding fuck y'all to walmart and it's legally backed by the supreme court walmart has been fighting the state of texas in court since two thousand fifteen over. Law that prohibits publicly traded retailers like walmart from selling liquor. This is a law that took effect in nineteen ninety five and attorneys represented texas. Say the law as working as intended quote. The law precludes large corporations from using their economies of scale to lower liquor prices and increase the density of liquor outlets in the state. This approach is served texas well. It has consistently ranked among the states with the lowest per capita liquor consumption. Texas is the only state with this kind of law. Walmart is complaining that ninety eight percent of liquor stores in texas are unfairly Owned by texans now that is quite a logical leap that it's unfair for people from state to owned companies in their own state walmart. I mean look we could get into it but fuck you walmart you arkansas mother fuckers and fuck this is supreme court rejected wal-mart's petitioned the even hear the case locking back down to a lower court's ruling in is favor we don't know her supreme court election pressure from fucking trump and all that we wash liquor with no no go away. Where's your rich here that we're busy. You fuck now. walmart will have to prove. The texas is discriminating against out of state retailers. Which tall fucking order. Cosco's like keep me out of for our non american audience here. In the states liquor laws are set by individuals states is not like a federal or national like mandate or. Yeah which means that you can end up in states that you can only buy liquor through state liquor stores or you live in state of california where you can buy liquor anywhere bugged me out of the first one that i came out to california while i was a teenager. They're like we went to like ralphs. Grocery I saw liquor not beer and wine fucking hard alcohol. I was blown away with that. They're i mean they're that you can't even get beer and wine and grocery stores. There's plenty of like who's the restrict state and virginia. I wanna see you couldn't get wine in the grocery stores. Either when i lived there that you had to go to like specialty shop. And then there's dry counties where just the county you can't get alcohol or they have blue laws so you can't get liquor or was it sundays sundays. Him of the name of the county. But the county that atlanta's in on sunday the lord rested. You didn't drink. Yeah when we would drive down to visit my uncle who lives in atlanta. He'd be like get alcohol on your way mottos. Byu which is so bonkers and we used to have not a federal drinking age gave each state would set their own drinking age them. Yeah and so. It wasn't until they tied that legislation to I think it was like money for roads and stuff to set a national drink. It texas city forward texan. If you buy weeden california which you can do you can come from fucking any state. Come in california. It doesn't matter if you do and win and y'all do yeah your your tax something like say it's been awhile looked at it. Something like fourteen percent of whatever you sell is both within the schools. So yeah that's fucking great do it but i love when you hear a lot of conservative talking points like oh california's hail. It's a socialist leg dumpster fire blah blah blah. It's like well. I'm sorry you can get liquor anywhere. And you can get fucked we anywhere motherfucker. That's the free market. Suck are dead fucking capitalism. Maybe i'm not w we're living the good life and it's seventy degrees out. Ed george jealous vacation here. Hong vacation here mitt. romney. I know you got a house in la hoya. Shut your mouth. Yeah yeah he does some big ass. We've seen it. Yeah pointed out to me. Oh sure is the house that everyone. When he was running for president everyone was giving him shit because he's building this house and it had an elevator for cars. Yeah alive fucking house and he is not well liked in san diego county because in california. You can't own ken on the beach. Coastal real estate. So you can go behind all these mansions sit on these beautiful outcroppings on the rocks and all this stuff and goes a laid back place. People like to go down to the water smoke weed and he would call the fucking hot narc. I know mitt romney's like fucking new wave in republican. Because he marched with be olympia so people were like trying to give him is like every time he takes one step forward in the right direction and takes two steps back. And i'm sure he's a great grandpa but can call the cops kids smoking weed jain red flag for me that they put the dog and they put the kid on the roof of the car. Twelve hours they drove with that dog on the roof of their animal cruelty. Marbot all join red flag from romney. He says he wouldn't do it now. I know where food podcast. But there's a lot of things wrong with mitt romney now that hair though he's got he's got a good head. He's got great man his age. Absolutely those locks online credit where credit's due meant. They see your hair. i approve. don't care for much else. What if he like you know he's only like is his day job and then like when he's he clocks out he's like he's wants to go down and his san diego house and fucking cut loose with him smoking weed on his wife and he blamed. Ooh i like this maximum. Well this is a food podcast. It was bananas. When when we'll get off mitt romney. It was absolutely fucking bonkers when he was in the middle of debate. And then what was it. He bit obama. He was like ten thousand dollar bet on stage to a country. Did how many of us lived like hovering around the line of poverty. Act when that happened. I looked at that was like this half my income for the year. Yeah ten thousand dollars. A lot of fucking money down us spit in the face of every american who does make a livable wage or enrich gonna die rich mitt romney and that is our show for this again. Let's go on and on so mitt romney bashing again good hair. Listen when mitt. Romney listens to his podcast and i can confirm that will be nice to them will send you some free march. Yes it was a fucking sweatshirt. chilly down there in san diego. Yeah man. That cold front comes in off the ocean. Also marine layer will make you some edibles. Mit if you wanna come party we know what you're up to mid and if you want to have the best food at your pod holiday party thank god manners dot com slash visas fees. We've got all your holiday treats right there. That's right at the top show. We talked about the pomegranate vinegar. We talked about the things leftover lasagne. And yeah the gravy not marinara sauce. Yeah and then. What was the bart. The winner bart excellent recipe recipes recipes and hot chocolate milk mix and match it up and shutout again to our producer and our resident elf on the shelf. Sean rarick thank you for dealing with us and baas many licks in the middle of this. Podcast bars is Give him a just mike up the dog quiet. We're rolling and chat potty ends you guys keep them ideas coming. I'm here for it. That's right y'all stay safe. Keep cooking and we'll see ya next week.
Ivory Coast 2019/20 Cocoa Port Arrivals Seen At 1.784 Mln By May 10
"You're listening to the news Our Africa business radio cocoa arrivals at ports in top girl Ivory Coast reach one point seven eight million tonnes between October one and me. Ten exports is estimated on Monday. Down five point seven percents from one point eight nine one million tonnes over the same period. Last season about forcing thousand tons of beans were delivered to Abidjan port and seventeen thousand tons to Sun bedroll between may fourth to May ten a total of thirty one thousand tonnes down from thirty three thousand during the same week last season. And that was the news. At this time on Africa Business Radio you can continue to this in life online at. Www Dot Africa business radio DOT COM all of our mobile APP. Thank you for listening.
West African Countries To Issue $1.4 Billion In Coronavirus Bonds
"You're listening to the news at this hour. Africa Business Redo the lead manager of humour eight tires to set the members of the West African Monetary Union plan to raise eight hundred and forty six billion. Cf francs on the regional debt markets in response to the coroner virus crisis. He said the issue of the so-called Koby nineteen so schuch ponds will begin next Monday. Arden that instrument would benefit from access to a special refinance office the original Central Bank. You all as members includes Benin Burkina Faso guinea-bissau Ivory Coast. Mali Senegal and Togo. And that was the news at this time on Africa. Business Radio you can continue to listen life online at. Www Dot Africa business radio DOT COM of arable. Thank you for listening.
Night of the Kings Q&A - Philippe Lacte
"You know. I gotta say it's really great to see a movie where storytelling really saves lives. Howdy i'm jeff goldsmith and this is the qna. My agenda is simple. Each week i plan to bring you in depth insights into the creative process of storytelling folks. I was really pleased today to have writer. Director philippe lakota to join me to discuss his latest film. Night of the kings. You know it's it's kind of amazing these these some of these zoom casts in which fleet was joining us from ivory coast. And you know halfway around the world and it was just a great conversation. I really love this movie. It's it's just a wild escape into kind of this other. Mythic universe where you get into stories within stories based in in history and local folklore and myth. And you know there's a modern element. There's a historical element and we talk about that today. So it was. It was really fascinating and it was. It was a heck of a discussion. And i know you'll dig this episode. Of course if you missed this event you could always sign up backstory dot net slash events. This was an event. We did with felipe in which folks all around the nation. We're able to see the movie and get access. I to the qna on youtube But obviously we release these things afterwards day afterwards and the qna with jeff goldsmith podcast and itunes as spotify and of course on the backstory magazine youtube page. But you could sign up there in case In case in case you wanna come to the next one and you know speaking of cool things to do online. I hope you'll check out back story magazine. Over at backstory dot net. We recently published issue. Forty two there is so much cool stuff in it. I couldn't even name it all right now but you could go. Take a look at our table of contents over at backstory dot net. And i hope you will. Of course you could read our free issue over there and test drive as well and if you like what you see. You could use coupon code. Save five at saving the number five. That will save you. Five dollars office subscription to backstory magazine. And it'll give you access to any new content. We produce and also archive which goes back to around issue. Twenty nine and we're going to continue adding older issues into it as well when we have time But look it would really mean a lot to me to have my podcast listeners. And my youtube watchers support my passion project so thanks for becoming a subscriber but now without any further ado. Let's jump right into our interview with writer. Director philippe likud about his latest film. Night of the kings so sleep. It's good to see you how you doing. No good i you know the great thing about is you can have these conversations halfway around the world so this is this is cool. You're you're joining us from ivory coast today. Correct young for my joan excellent excellent. Well i love your movie and before we get into talking about night of the kings. I wanna start kind of with your past. Does a filmmaker and breaking in at what point in your life. Did you know that you wanted to become a filmmaker. I do not make famous could Now at working in different in different way in defender department of cinema but for me it started at the beginning. because i was childher. My house was near a cinema cinema and all on ways. My mother put me in this cinema when she wants to when she wants to go to buy something so she came after ten minutes after twenty minutes after forty minutes so it was difficult to to watch a complete fema for me and yeah it was a mall. Bollywood and boost and i decided to be a director. One day we wait out. The screening. A theme of bush sleep and there was a bad guy beyond bushley with a knife. And you wanted to kill wesley. And a spectacular jumped on the stage and keitel's about guy with a knife really. Yeah really and we stopped the screening. Everybody was very angry about this guy. And after i say oh. What is this midterm. What is this art. What is this material. Who can who can be a very concrete a very like a dream. Let's that's awesome. I i love this immigrants. Somebody's slashing screen the nice to defend good old. Bruce lee who. Who's pretty tough. He doesn't need that much defense. But that's that's that's a great story that's awesome You know it's always interesting to hear breaking in stories because it's not easy to become a director. I know that you worked with some short films for awhile. And you also got into some documentary filmmaking from from looking you up it seems like one of your brakes was your twenty thirteen film african metropolis which was a collection of six short films. And you had one of them. Tell us about that experience because it seems like that was like a really good professional experience for you. yes. I started with shot. Shins i was project. Sunnyside walked on distribution in lab and in production but Interesting time i made my amid michelle trim with a friend with young. What young cinematographer song. Bulgaria will live in france defined people. Were a very amazing because a it was a and salt of experimentation to. It's very medicine and we made. We made out first in fifty five millimeters and now after i was documentaries but the experience with african metro police was a very very nice because it was a we add Seven directors from. I've from africa dry to making a portrait of city. Of course i made the portrait of my job. And i do a sort of diary of diary very small thin about the last travel one of the last travel. Show michelle busca because some michel. Basquiat travel two years. Before he's there is death. I think in ivory coast inaba john and he was a he was very dressed by mystical by actions. Yada friends ear Who what was who is a banter also and vay travel a lot and i wanted to ten something about this and so i just because you said a second ago that you were projectionist. Are there any funny projections stories that you want to tell us when all hell broke loose in the projection booth because i know that that definitely happens sometimes behind the scenes. Yeah find a job because a lot of accidents and one thing we it was very. It was very commanding now him out to cut hair to lose to to screen a each wednesday. Thirteen for Schools for for young bar. Young young girls nine tens and sometimes it was a stone's from the east sparked on takeoff from bolan and allege without without a Infringe voice so the direct boss asked us to projects on his to play different voices so soon. So we did. You have microphones. That we'd go over there microphones and everywhere one side of stanton one side of the screen and resent. Oh new yes much of my name. Is bob awesome. I just one last question. Did you write out the script in advance that you followed or did you do it improvisational. No no re- re-met and then book is this because we didn't know it was okay last after last minute so we watch their few one diamond after toys drugs offering physician. Okay to talk about before night at a kings would be your twenty. Fourteen thriller run about a man who assassinates prime minister and You know this is your first feature film. What was your biggest lesson on. Run as a director and a writer of trying to to engaged to small zillions and and what were the challenges. Like how did how did you figure out ways to engage the audience. Further as a challenge was run was a test of my country after after twenty years of military conflict and civil war. I wanted to foser trajectory author young boy to say something about about this cows a for me today. The thing was the between the documentaries. If it's fiction and too much maybe too much experiment and too much complaints in whiting. Even if i like this. And it's soi this. I decided with of the gangs to to to to to to to be nimesh in for the for the spectacular to to put the spectacular sight. Let's get to it right now. So tell us how you first got the idea for night of the kings which you know it basically what anyone could tell from. The trailer is that you know it's inside a prison And basically they have a series of traditions and there's a new storyteller that bay annoyed named roman they named him roam and it's his job to tell stories throughout the night and The question is will. He lived throughout the night so so. When did you first get the idea for night of the kings and not have to the kings comes from a two story in the michael amac is the biggest result of course and one of the biggest and the populated present in west africa. Because they out we have a five thousand dollars on a for one thousand five hundred places so It's lots of people. And i have a friend who because i have lots of friends who are aware and and connected with present a jiji would france. He went out and he told me. I met him one night and he told me in lombok our. We chose the presenter. And he's obliged to tell stories and we call him and i. When when i heard the story i saw directly a dispositive character and violence and it was. It was enough for me. I say to say over something something beyond story and it was also this was also connected with my own life. Because when i was child my mother was a in la for politika him. So i taught one de by week in a collective taxi costs. This forest lama guys inside the forest forest and for me. Lamonica was like a kingdom with queens with gangs with case. Because it's a very open person as you can see night of the kings we try to to to to get this idea and it was a very often. It was possible to to meet a prisoner to discuss with a direction. So i get to strong image of offer of this place and best on that feeling so it was Just to destroy elements. Give me give me a boa to to to delight to not definitely kings. Will that make sense right now. I want to talk about your creative habit for writing. How important is outlining to your process. When you sit down to write your screenplay do you start with an outline or did you. Just start writing scripts. I'm a. I'm a special script. Go and i have my way of I decide. I i and after i maybe i worked With doing one year make make research trying to trying to to read a lot of stories about people who went on trying to to to to watch defined fame to to have a actually team age of freons so not visual things at the beginning and i was for further script night of the kings. I talk in laba. Its lobby nikolay. And this lab was useful for me because i i made on my mistakes in this lab so i i usually i came in. I say oh maybe to all my says machi is the men character or not and i tried to to test everything and when i finished to test on this bad directions. I took a free months and iowa district. Okay it's my. It's my way of working. I have done. But i have not a tweet matt. I have not twenty beds. I don't want to know exactly the story. See just kind of like to experienced it almost as a viewer in front of your computer as you're writing. Yeah that's great so when you sit down to write you give yourself a certain page. Count the you wanna hit each day or juice decided to work for certain amount of hours. I walk each day each day. I wait i ag- morning. I started to an entire. I made some wizards. I after new i at night i with again and i and i put some some remarks i i took to light. I i like it too because i was i was a. I started to write to before before making cinema. So so thing is in button for me. But not for not as novellist scrapes because a script is not a best seller is not a piece of master. It's it's one way or a stack jerky nothing was. So how would you do when you get writer's block points in which you feel like you can't write anymore. You feel lost. Some writers experienced some writers. Don't what are you did. A i walk. I walk with you can as you can see. My team has defined box by different styles in one style has different stories. So i'm a. I'm usually i use by said for us so i look botchy by party. Yeah and After one party. Maybe i will make a boss two weeks and i will continue if if i y two three days and a for example now and whiting script and after three days i decided at i said was boeing. So i stopped. I stopped and i decided to continue in one month with new ideas with fresh ideas. It's my way off a lightning. That's great i mean. This is what. I love about interviewing screenwriters. All over the world is that there's no one way to do it. And you know what you just described a lot of writers do in which they pick up on something else that they're interested in and they put something aside when they need to know that they'll come back to it so as you said. It took three months to do your first drafts. How many other revisions did you do after that first draft. After that i made a free. I made a free draft to one to went to because my first off is a is like a second draft. Because i try to. I try to the last squeak directly and so when i when i was out last. It's maybe on so so yeah but and sometimes we went after these females went directly to adjust your set in france and we got it at first time. So it's meant that it's not just an illusion and i walked also with my artistic corato and wizard producer of night of the gangs. They'll jacket She she doesn't white but she's behind and she with everything and she she notes lot of notes each week and new york we discussed about this remarks and after i wiped again so i think it's a writing you also have pre productions really important as director. I'm curious did you actually shoot at maka prison facility or was it a different prison that you shot her reshot as a the beginning of the fien outside around my car. But you're really breach everything. It's a set. We did not want to shoot in macau because about a security about time. It was very difficult. We decided to to control our out. Our shoot are set So with my set the set designer samuel disaster. We beat a brisson in some neo. Happy john we took two buildings too old colonial and we made this quiz on. It's not exactly that make up. It's a mix between america please. Unformed south america is from sierra leone liberia. But a it was important for me. To twelve to inflate they precise details so our door wings are being swarmed wall in. This comes from door wings real paintings from a prison. I didn't want to make something nice because in a guests on there is nothing is nice. Everything is everything ozzy sense. You have a really interesting production because you. You have not only the the realism of the prison. But you you also kind of get into magical realism. Which will talk more about in spoiler section. But i'm curious you know since you had some special effects in the movie did you. Did you have a long storyboarding process to kind of plan for those special effects or do anything else to prepare for the special effects sequences this zeus michelle. Thanks of course when we work with special effects. It's bedtime story about because yes very. it's very expensive. it's very long. It's very complex and story about. It's it's a it's a it's a it's a. It's a gook a blueprint for for everybody for all this coup karago at us. Even if i don't make story for shooting if he's not special effects or if it's not an action scene i would not make. I will not make a story bog. I think sometimes it's It's killed something. It's not alive when you have a story bought. it's my. It's my way but for this this visual effects the most important thing was i not a fan of special effects. I liked special effects if it's something to do in the story and and and a night of the kings vase is a big a big scene. Mystical fight will get you the section. I promise quinn and again and this especially facts was a is one lead to say african mistake because in in africa in ivory coast in west africa you can have a mystical fights when a people can transform them in a bird in lyon in an fact so it was it was to to our culture to devolve vision us special effects in this sense. It works great. You know Just two last questions before we get into the spoilers You have a lot of people in your scenes. there's a lot of extras. And they're they're they have a lot going on ranging from dancing to to singing and i'm just curious fruit for that many people. Did you have an extended rehearsal period to be able to get all that street before you were onset shooting me. We relied on the set of besson feeling extras that With my estimate we win win met a thousand people doing two years and we selected faulty based on first masha off fighters dancers and singers. A new new actus. And after this we worked with twenty twenty. Five percent of our extras are ex prisoners. Okay because we wanted because you you can't you can't a created this feeling will be in a prison it's a it's a special feeling and i wanted people who got got this idea this this memory it was important for me for example weighs one scene between blackbirds chief of the result and and homo in a in home at night and i put for this scene i put a ventilator and one one actor once one extra a was a presenter came to see me and say no in america we don't put ventilator at night because of the forest is very cold yes we they were our advisor on the sense we walk like this and they they start experience also for as actors as extras so it was it was a very nice you know challenge. I'm curious last question before the lawyers section. What was your budget and your schedule. My budget was a two million two million to two million euros and reshot. The fatty six days. Okay wow that's good. I didn't thirty six days. That's good healthy trump. all right. We'll sue a for anybody. That's listening or watching this youtube. A we are getting into the spoilers. Now so if you have not seen the night of the king's lease press pause go eve night of the kings. You can find it anywhere that you've been used to watching movies online during the pandemic. it's very easy to find go. Rigid comeback and then finished the rest of this interview. Because we're getting into the spoilers right now You know so. So felipe i guess one place to start was what i love about the movie is. It's it's really about story. Tell you know because obviously roman is tasked with. He has to tell stories for the night of the red moon. And you know allegedly if he does not tell stories from the entire nights he could be killed. Just curious where you were drawing inspiration for some of the stories traditions and emits. That bet you know roman is telling because he has an interesting art as a character in which at first. he's very shy but then he knows that if he doesn't step up to the challenge of storyteller he's gonna lose his life and he grows into storyteller fast so i'm curious how you came up with what he was gonna draw on for the stories that he told And that's a good place to start. Usually in mice are in my team sets out too much stories. Lots of stories. It's it's too much so z's position of homa as to was with age to tell stories. It was perfect for me to bring all my stories. Yeah it was. So i want you to a i. Of course it's a film about storyteller. It's a flame about storytelling. It's a field to says a power of words bauer of stories against the violence. And an an i wanted are so to pay tribute to to the tradition in west africa. Because he's a strong tradition and beautiful or tradition with reloads griots have function in west africa. We don't say Interrupt like that would be great for you. Define what agree owed is because roman mentions that his aunt was again agree. It's come from west africa. Mock bought mugunga montana. Pyeho fifteen fifteenth century and It's a very long. Tradition will continue. Today it's a sort of cast and vail vail story us. It could be a man it could be a woman. It's a family is a family. It's it's a genoa shunned by generation vast through retailers but in in in in west africa in in in bombay how we don't say grids we say said jelly. It's been blood blog. It's been okay sir. Multi-million wizar- essential for life and also the connection between between the funding between the society so yards val free function storytellers poets. But they're also historians. They they keep these tweets of the king dome. So i walk with this and so at home all equity Stole allegiant. He can say we event a political events. It's not based. no base. Ball is very fine between lead. John between a mythology between the a activities archives. And i wanted to this This feeling basically he's an oral historian comes from a line of oral historians. So that that makes sense you know. Western audiences might not be as up to date on the concept of the microbes which which roman was accused of being a part of. And that's why he got sent to jail. Where what else you fill in for our western audiences about you know why roman went to jail as a microbe. Home is a young pickpocket in a amazon streets. And these vania young but ganga for microbes We don't they existed. I've been a young boy. ed's fall eighteen. Balveer violent and microbes comes from fema a the city city of god. So you've got a reputation. They talk about that in the movie. Bosnian feeding talking about this in so inhabit song. Lot of young people very watch this fill with no dance without distance and decided we are my gobs. Y'all nightclubs were. We kill people like brazilian gowns yet. So felipe that's real. That like yes at some chief of this junk and some was lynched by the population in this imagewear on the social media. And when i when. I watched this image. I asked myself what's happening my country to yes after the civil wall. Why this violence i all. I wanted to to to to reflection about this violence. So homer as in this season and is obliged to tell a story and story us is a story of zama. I was gonna ask that next because out of all the stories he could have told chooses the story of zama and you know the head of the prison. The prisoner the head of the prison. Blackbeard asks roman. Why he was gonna choose the story of zomig king and how it related to what was going on in. Romans doesn't really answer but story that all the prisoners. It's like this. Yeah send mets on c. But what. I want to say Homa said at the beginning is aunt was agree or go up with with this with grilled. And he's not sure that he has this this power to tell stories. So it's a sort of coming age for in the south of revenge. Sean in this prison and e arrive and he's not sure to Data and giant. He's yours is power yahtzee strand so it's a positive in this way. Ooh i'm jumping in really quick to remind you to check out back story magazine over at backstory dot net. You know folks. We recently published issue. Forty two and there is so much to explore in there. You could read the full table of contents over at backstory dot net. And you know you could read us on a desktop or laptop or via the ipad app backstory. And of course if you've never read us before you can test drive us by by reading the free issue over at backstory dot net were via the ipad app. And probably. after you read that you'll have a pretty good sense of who we are and what we do. And i hope you'll consider becoming a subscriber and if you want to subscribe you could use coupon code. Save five that. Save the number five over. Backstory dot net. That will save you five dollars off a one year subscription and it will get you access to anything new we publish over the next year and also of course to our archive which goes back about to issue. Twenty nine we're adding older issues as we get time. So we're trying to add another one this week and You know look. There's amazing things in the latest issue. We have simon kimber for screenplay that he ever sold in its entirety along with an interview with simon. We have you know great interviews with show runners filmmakers comic book writers playwrights. There's so much to explore. So i really hope you check it out and consider becoming a subscriber but now without any further ado jump right back into our conversation with writer director. Felipe likud about his latest film. Night of the kings before roman arrives we kind of get the setup that there is a power struggle going on in the prison in which we know the blackbeard who we see is on oxygen for much the story. he's nearing his data in. There is a tradition that you know when when when the leaders during his death No longer lead. They need to commit suicide. We need to take their own lives so someone else could take over you know. At what point did you realize that was going to be other part of the story here. This transference of power in the prison in fast. I would say that. The title in france obscene. It's the law and lonita who is defense title of the succeed twelve nights. So when you say walk you you. In france we we know exactly that it's about power. It's about a fight around power about power. It was important for me to have to to to To stories the story off hormone with obliged to tell stories but the prison is a real place. The prison existed before before. This decision decision to tell stories are not so i wanted to show. Our of prison works out with his whizzes low with his beliefs. What of this belief is a is a chief must die if he's seek because it's very important on and the wet moon is another belief but i wanted to observe with owner balmy. Rezone is like society in society with regards with those that administrate. Sean is a society is for these. I took time with small packet of secret with a message to to to to to to to show exactly our our way of communication over though that was a good scene in which in which you show the string around the pack of cigarettes. It's being lowered. That's other passing around a particular note. That was actually cool to see. Yeah because our our you speaking of his on oh you oh you have sexuality tino breeze on different things and i want to go to to show this fight about power with an old tradition blackbird. The chief is old and new commerce new young by they want more capitalist where they said lassie said Zona will not be our steps. They will be our client business with them. We don't want to violence. So i wanted to show this to genucel. Yes right because that was the The younger generation. That was saying that because they wanted to take over from from blackbeard I you know. I also found it really interesting that that you know roman is a fish out of water right because he's coming into the prison new so it's a good way for the audience to experience the traditions of the prison and it was so wild was once roman starts telling his story. People are singing around him. People are telling the story through interpretive. And he just gives them a look for a second like what's going on but he knows he has to keep continuing. We'll give you the idea to have the story told in that way. In which because he's telling a popular story about zombie the king That people are just joining in whenever they want and roman has to keep going. I thought it was really cool way to tell the story especially all the beautiful singing that was going on as he was telling. But can you imagine this film with hormone telling these stories and people these yet. That's true was moving into a note. I didn't want to us ed. I didn't want to use prison one as a place to start a story. And i'll flashback and come back and i wanted to to to to to to put this this story. Insides preserved inside bodies of prisoner our participant create. also this at the beginning of is alone. He started to start to it south to develop his stories but a giant is not alone. Prison plays story and you have seen gas are dancer you have players bay you play something or play. What what hama says. They played queen player. But maybe it's copy on an yet because bodies bodies are very important in prison. And i wanted to to engage bodies in this story it was. It was really wild. Especially when it got into the interpretive deal. He's just kind of sooner trying to clock. What's going on you know. See the people dancing around singing realize that the story was basically going to be an interactive experience. Which was really cool and i think when you have this first When he starts when he starts the story of some after one one baht beginning one one one three one cigarette ountry started their good story. And you come back in prison and you have all these bodies on this dancer and you say oh something cuisine will happen you already as a new dance. You're ready to go in another place to to to forget your position. Your your convention. An accent. this this is john is travel. Those are the things that i really liked about. It is that once he knows that the story of zama is only gonna last so long he gets into older mitts of you know west coast culture and he's talking about kings and queens and it becomes very you know mysterious of mythological. I'm at work point. You realize the story was going to go in that direction. In which it's now a story within a story predating dhamma and going back in history is a hallmark of a good story. Dinner if he even if at the beginning he says autism storyteller. But he's a very good storyteller so at are beginning he no. He knows how to play with your giants in knows how to play with downs in knows that it will it. Will it will give the story of king and in also use all this This i will say i. I thought a lot a lot about sherazade to to build aumont because she has that in a abc nights she has also these Death yeah stopped stopped. Finishes at issue with diet so home is in the sense of just john and when when you put this emergency you have lots of tweets. I will say home as lot of tweets say oh. I started my story by john. I need to to start with the beginning and his yes. Different world and one very good storyteller. Us like Salmonella d like dayline. Somebody like accu. Akyel's iowa like augusta gabriel garcia marquez. Very good storytellers as the streets as a wants to to go and come back and go year and Forget this this so it was a pleasure for me to too. I tend to barrett this subject. So how much was roman making up for. Say about the past history with the king and the queen. And then the fantastical battle where elephants are changing into. Other things and birds are over the place. There's fire because i just just the imagery loan of the two towers and the two different tribes gathered behind each tower and this this mythological battlefield in between them was just really beautiful and really cool. And i'm curious if you were if you going and adapting previous mets or if you were creating your own this idea and i would say that in ivory coast You can find in the same you can find today. Different times been given the example for example mice. The soldiers of the queen. And what fien val anti-us soldiers dozo additional unter in ivory coast in west africa and viking to play their own but you you will see that. They have traditional clubs with with mystical things with different things from and avail the night. Choose choose sometimes. So it's not. It's not their contradiction for us off different times in the innocent space. And when when when when you destroy we observe queen twenty. A twenty percent of the population of inadequate ghost comes from got not an stogies. Valdo queen and queen offered is is tied to course weaver so for us. It's not very very far. It's a story one near our daily life and on this mystical thinks we are life for us it's not mystique. It's an hour we vision. It was beautiful sequence and you know one of the things that was fun was site from the big story since. There's gonna break where where. Blackbeard and roman. You know talk for a while. And just one on one. And you get a little bit of blackbeard's pats and i thought it was cool to kind of break into that was to to show characters past as no we kind of takes away some of the mystery but it also adds more. I really liked the pirates story that he told him how he got title black. Yes i i like. to tell. stories passed off car tests but always in a mystery always to keep a mystery. So for for for blackbird is is is seek ease a near death is in this in his home and is in fun toss hormone is so it's one niece in when vail together and i said okay we'll be funny to e for blackbir- teller story told them all because otherwise they obliged to tell stories so now doctor will tell a story and blackbirds is a near. His death yasser. Yes a lot of i don't know start. He's style gic any Story when he was chided when maybe twenty facetime me you want to start something and a dot is named and this story is the story because it's a friend of mine. Who is his life like this. So i use. I use this to give it to to blackbird. You you you made a really interesting ensemble. Psalm will cast for the prison showing the different ways prison life. And i would be remiss. If i didn't bring up the character of saxon because you know sexy is inmate transgender and basically is the one person incarcerated evil. All visit for saks is one of the and it seems like sexy navigates between all the different power structures in prison almost almost putting sexy as as a force of power in another self. Tell us about creating the character of sexy and how sexy make it through the regime chains and everything else because it's it's important part of their their power struggle ecosystem sexy When i been so character sexy. Because in brisson i was obliged to be with men out to be with women It was not possible to mix. And i didn't want to make a masculine. I wanted to have sought of femininity inside this prison. But i was wondering was man so i decided to obsess character of tonge succeed and it's got the way we very interesting because she's outside in public. She's a vase. Lot of immediate shown about sexy butt it. She's gorgeous so i wanted to. I wanted to show this balance is balanced outside. Say oh she's a ten john but she's very in buttered and she's a assumpta of it was in this prison. Yeah and al- also. She's a she's a connection because she has a real love stogie a man who wants to to be the chief so she's useful because she's a she's a connection. People from from blackbird. We pulled from las every body. Go to succeed so it's possible to use sexy to have. A conflict drove a milder something right because she writes in the murder. Lovie betsy but but also connected with the whole mall because they are both val. The big desire of this prison sexy is is a sexual desire and homo story desire because a prepo hormonal e put a blue blue dress Something that is so home is like a king in this on and off is On homo and i wanted to. I wanted to to gives his feeling of desire in prison. That's that's great. You know it's it's also interesting that that basically the prisoners do not kill because even though as the night is going by. Here's a few times where they've decided that he's included the story and he's like well you know. Let me go back and keeps telling the story. Was there ever a draft that you wrote. Where roman did not just would survive the night. No no there was the draft when police tried to put to go with hormone in another place but it was too complicates to showed so. I decided to finish this but no i. I didn't see a woma- kid. Because i wanted as i say at the beginning i wanted to leave. The power of storytelling story is stories Stronger zahn violence for me. I i loved that. You know blackbeard. When he's gonna kill himself at the end you know. He said beforehand that he will return. Spirit will return in a doe in the forest. And i thought it was really beautiful. That after that scene you cut to does suddenly like in the forest showing that you know. He's us. Myth is narrative has come true. And i say you you must tell it to my producer to my tunnel john producer because he wanted to catch to concerns this sequence interesting. What did you have to do to fight to keep your. But i i i would say that at the shooting might cinematographer my crew got done. This stunned exactly easy sequence. So i try again on editing and everybody was like this but i think it's very buttoned foser character of lambert and it's always this life. Allies in africa. In west africa united goes between dead people is people invisible world visible world. Mystical things stick. The border is very fine and read. I took and we we. We'd go one side to another side and so life flexes that makes sense. I'm curious did you have any other ways that blackbeard was going to commit suicide. I but it was interesting was submerged into this tank on his own. Has the ladder climbs down. I thought that was an interesting way. And i'm curious at the rainy other ways that you you toyed with not to be too round here. I don't know okay so that was the way it was always gonna be. Yeah yeah i think okay. Okay and i'm curious about it chief of the prison. You know the police officer because right as the power struggle is starting after. We know that that you know. Blackbeard has died you. You have a fight that breaks out and and a riot is breaking out and the the you know. The head officer of the prisoners said earlier. This is the only prison by inmates and you wants to change that. And you know he just takes his gun and start shooting into the crowd and kinda kills off you know the the heads of both groups that were getting ready to fight leaving you know. Avoid of power for the moment. so. I'm curious how you came up with that conclusion and we're the hurt endings. That you toyed nevada this. This character called neva king. Yes sir all guards in this zone. Rezoning spent time in prison and is depressed about everything because In this freon it's not possible to e can't make his job but because one zo chief from the prison is a prison. So don't want to you. Don't want to put all It's it's a sort of explosion. Yeah and and i. It's too much for him. This people who fired who cry every everything so without without thinking stopped to do shoot but in one way a real connection with omar is very depressed by by the district of rome and five minutes when he shot everywhere. Is this five minute. Would you to all the the sun. So it's the guy who and home jen because if not hormone with would begin will make it to. The sunrise is like yeah. Yeah and after. The shot by sunrise and norm is free so it's small complex. It was that was cool. i did. I didn't realize that he was buying him time so much. Just taking out the power structure but that makes sense now saying he was buying time as vo five cushion minutes. I forgot to ask earlier but there is one white character in prison. Who's basically a suit sayer. I think his name is silenced. If i got it right okay. Yeah and so tell. Tell us about the significance of the character of silence. You in a movie where so much of it about happening is talking. No so things going through. You know oral tradition. But it's interesting that there's a character named silence who's basically advising you know roman on how to stay in line. Silence is it comes. From a cartoon be a bench young. Be a senator a mess. Yazd yasser bg with a character sign-ons. So beautiful character so my way of working is to use different feeds. It's like a call us. And its luck attributes or so silence. I exist them from gomez and played when i was what i was tied. I drive a. I would say i drive into a macau. I visited lamonica victory. There was a few people few white people and few white woman who america. And i kept this memorial of as Voice was there was one guy. What the voice. Smith shot advice for me as a child. And i wanted to to to to to a related this experience to our white men inside his three zone but of course a white man in africa it could be at the center of power was obliged to to be a wound to be to be silenced to be millet to be less expensive so i decided with any level off leo skyrockets only motors. I decided to bring this job. Just treat you like this but silence is also the best friend of home is is the guy who will not to hmo because he knows everything everything in this present and a you speak about storytelling. You speak about science. It was important to make a balance. If you if you have a character a lot of stories. it wasn't on to us agata. Who doesn't speak. that's a that's a. That's a great way to say. No editing is the last days of storytelling. And i'm curious what you learn about your phone. The editing process. If there were any big scenes that he cut out in learn a lesson from or scenes that you were like alice be great when we film it but by the time. You've got to editing. You realize no. It's not moving the story forward. I gotta lose some curious. What was what was your process like the you weren't not really. They was one seen one. Sex scene between Sexy and laughs in their beds in the sense off the sale of it was i wanted to. I wanted to show this intimidate. And of between sexy an-another zona. After they went they went not a comfortable and actors be way not comfortable to play a gay almost shown seen so it was not not you on so i decided to to get this scene and i i think that sexy is more beautiful. Lexus with meat nut suggestion. You don't see a sex scene but you imagine exceeding the sex is next is next doll so i decided to catch the sin. Yeah left immagination. Said they say editing was at an also. I didn't want to show sex. I want to have imagine son i. I didn't want to show violence. I want to put a so in imagination. Because it's more stronger when you know what they will they will make to a home. You can imagine everything. Yeah so. I like as a director as a filmmaker. I like to play with with with the mind. Was they mention of of of the spectator. You're also director. But also the writer. So i'm curious. Zardy point during production if you realized you needed to rewrite something while you're rashid also box in production because i'm about in production in ivory coast and i says i modi rector. I walked in production director. When i want i think about some in the same time. I don't want something who's impossible. I a nice day my time i. I watched a documentary about line producer in hollywood. And he said i'm ear to stop when i see when i weighed one car by with kiel one ingenious. I said no. It's too expensive. So i have. I have this this way of working and to to to white. What is possible in shoots and very near the economy because it's not possible in another way for this fame. United goes cinema industry industries very young. And we don't have lots of money. And i think if you want to continue it for one to have partners in if we want people will trust us. We need to be responsible to follow budgets. Now it's it's that's that's that's that's true you know producers loan oats. They could get it done but right budgets sense is starting to run out on time. What was your toughest seen as both a writer on the age and then a director while you're shooting so could be two different soon of war. What was your toughest seen in. How did you creatively rise to the challenge. When when when. I when i would say that when now you white when i when i moved why joe when i watched my script. I'm this time. I started to be a director because i don't i don't i don't what i want my vision as a director for me. Discreet screen is must be invisible. I don't need discreet as critise is a window or door and went out. I opened his. I i see my screen and everybody must see my team when when when they start to with my my script so for me. It's a i. I make addicting when i'm when i'm writing the editing starting and everything. I modi conductor to achieve a motion to find the motion of each actor each collector. So it's not quite thing is skype did not why dieting also in that regard. What was your toughest seem to create. What what do you remember the soon remember coming back to again and again vise and just trying to get rights oath as a writer and a director or just pick one or the other. But i'm curious team. That was really tough for you to consume. And then how you rose to that challenge this some. Who went very difficult particularly scene between homo and blackbird in this room because it served and i wanted to make a sort of me to to make to inves- everything sir. Yeah and it was. It was the moment where blackbird months chief is a is a is last sentence and it was the moment when i i must i must suicide to hormone become law stronger and and it will. It will take his destiny it will. It will go to fight. It's a facetime. Yahtzee co eggs to ask a question to to to to say why you don't stay if you are seek why you don't stop this. Yeah so it was a crucial scene and dialed suave aim. But don't and i won't so to take the two tens of bus of black birth. So i spent lots of time undescended to to find the best worlds to find the best attitude and it's it's a great senior. Your hard work definitely shows you know. I'm curious because by the end with most of the people in power you know in roman makes it through the night. Did you think this means the roman could become the next leader. Yeah i can't think because in this in this in this in this quiz on our smart is that lassus is noth- is nothing because he lost the fight be an against mark and blackboard is dead so i think the best character was. We are. Power is yet among so maybe a remake in usa. Rigo that that'll that'll be doesn't that will start by distributed by neon Tell me what's next You did a fantastic job on this film. And i'm curious what you working on that. It's very open. It's very aben because after night of seeking as you as you can see. I can make martial arts phen- i can make a musical comedy. It's a sort of musical or lot of bet's a civil directions for my work. Now and i started to work with see. A jesse was why can't so iowa the iowa different scraped from independent producer from us and the studio also so we don't know exactly but a best solely i walk on a street. I walk on a new script about a legend always about imagination because in africa in west africa. Reassures that if you still gold if you still gold you have your your. Your family will have addiction until seven generation. So i won't to tell the story of defiant people of this family. The first one is a into intrigued. Century in africa when muslims game and ezer Stole stole gold. And after you will have different members of this family when venture france colonisation and what will finish in harlem in a new york wizar- last member of this generation. And all this member of this family baffler talent babbitt. They are beautiful advice. As a zine as a senior as a defined defined way. That sounds incredible. What's what's the title of it. If you have a title zubac does or walking die. Daily lives of gandan keeps. Wow that's great. We'll look. I love night of the kings. I think you did absolutely fantastic job with it. And you're so generous with your time today. Felipe thanks for coming down. I can't wait to see what you do next. And that's how the kua down special. Thanks again to writer. Director philippe likud for being so generous with his time and showing up to discuss his latest film night of the kings. And i really hope you'll check it out to search it out. It's great to support independent films and there's just some great ideas and some wild storytelling in this one as well. You know of course while you're surfing around online. I hope you'll also check out back story magazine over at backstory dot net. You could read us on a desktop or laptop or of course through our ipad app backstory and folks. You could see our latest table of contents to see all the amazing continent side. You could test drive us by reading the free issue and if you like what you see. I hope you consider becoming a subscriber and if you wanna subscribed use coupon code save five that save in the number five that will save you five dollars off a one year subscription and it would really mean a lot to me at my podcast listeners. And backstory magazine youtube watchers. Come on down and become subscribers the qna with jeff goldsmith podcast is a copyright of unlikely films inc in twenty twenty one. All rights reserved folks. If you want to get a hold of me you could always find me as yoga smith on twitter or yoga smith on instagram. Or i'm also running the backstory magazine accounts of score mag on twitter or backstory underscore mag on instagram. I've a facebook fan page. Hardly ever check it. But i'll get better about that this year. I promise and of course you can always email me yo. Goldsmith djamil dot com. I promise to not respond immediately. But i'll do my best to get back to you. So i mean easy guy to find. Look i'm jeff goldsmith. The publisher of backstory magazine and the host of the qna thanking you for tuning in. And telling you to stay out of trouble tell next week.
Mom to Millionaire: Finding the Path to Financial Peace with Margaret Curlew
"Welcome to the Dave Thomas Show, the podcast fives restores, and Awakens your innermost capability. You have the training and the talent to succeed, but do you have the guts to fail? I love what I do. We love what you do. You want to be the best at it two days about the power you you will change to. Find Your path to success to the journey of those who have succeeded and now your host Dave pomme. Welcome back to the day, farmers show and today, a- courageous, professional, an author among burner and a real estate investor, Margaret Curtin welcomed to the today palm show. Thank you Dave for having the I'm happy to be here. Mockery I'll tell Ya. I'm so inspired by your story Ram Rambam you before coming on the show, I? It's a really great pressure. Pleasure having you here as well so you've written a book What's it called? It's called multi multimillionaire, finding the path to financial peace well that they've met that it was inspiring as well and you're in the greatest business as well, but I am. How's that? Guy, That's going great right now. Initially, it wasn't the case I didn't really know what I was doing. But I just thought I had to something because I had a dream, a dream of being financially free someday I had a job that just was in pain me enough of what I needed obtained several decrees in life thinking that would lead to financial freedom at some point, but then I obtained several jobs that paid well, but then I just didn't feel. Feel, the financial success of the financial freedom that I was looking for, and so I just thought occupy probably as she start a few businesses, I started online businesses like Put you sing. services products. Some of them worked some dating work. Some worked for like a couple of years and been crushed, but final leave the real estate business did work and I'm glad to date because it has a sick nick significant minute to me, well care. Help Lavar status Disney jumping in the stage during something motu is going now, but that was lost jealous voter, but this. This is a very inspiring story. And the reason. Why is because what we went through? Which is quite unique and Really I want US toy story, 'cause you're. You're originally original. Origins is from where. I'm originally from Sierra Leone Salmiya and when he was growing up lot Hannah. Everyone's talking about Syria and in some places Yemen where it's Sierra. Leone was quite gainfully some war-torn. Yeah well. It was a son with me. Yes well, it was all right, and then we had. Could it tell one after the other and then in the early nineties? I think it started nineteen, thousand, nine, hundred January January or February. Nineteen Ninety, the civil war started and eight was terrible atrocities. It was terrible. These are things that no-one in life should witness especially as a young person. I was just thirteen back then it was terrible and so after going through that at one point, we were refugees. In neighboring country and housing was a serious issue. Because you know when people see covered with dirge, you don't have anywhere to be. You looked hired haggard. Hungry. Some people just think you're criminal and their skirts. You bring into their home and they just look at you and Take you at face value so I said to myself when I grew up I'm GonNa make sure. I provide homes for the for the less fortunate. That was my childhood dream then when I got older while we are listed, did make us in. did make sense for me before I got into real estate, we were refugees at one point, and then finally my mom was able to find a job. She got a job with the United Nations and then with the Ward Bank, which is really good, so we're what you were refugees. Be were in the Ivory Coast. Though a neighboring yet next door neighbor, it's called IMC from either coast. Yes, of good for the ivory well actually parents in the because he's a lawyer, but then he turns business did quite well as well. I'm expecting for Commish Lee but Few. Beautiful Country! As. Bata Cosimo isn't it. Yes yes, the Atlantic Ocean. That's right south off the Yeah, so my mom's yes, go ahead. Not, GonNa say yes, I use refugee in the because. Yeah at the my. My mom got a job which she saved everything what we had enough to eat I got point, but then she saved everything she had, and she said my chart. I have to send my child to a country of that has opportunity. My child is too smart to be here. She's seen so much nothing that a child of her age should have A. A witnessed or experienced, so I remembered. She emptied her bank accounts whatever she had. She put everything together, and she sends me to Europe. She sends me to France to study, which was really great results when I was in France, I partied a little bit, but not too much, because I thought about my mom back home working so hard to be housed. Who is? Doing. And having that, burt, yes I remembered when she was sending me. She told me you are my pension. Plan you all my retirement, you all my savings alike I am putting everything into you. You better go out there and be successful, so I had this pressure on me busy. Norma spur sure that I had to go at the successful. Myself, but the family I left back home so. Pressure work. Sometimes it doesn't. It depends you know, but I think that must have stuck in your mind, and and given the positive thing in a program to just do that. Some people rebel and say say now I'm not wherever you know might get stressed. Light that happens over the. Max kind of background. Yes. He will put pressure on kids to already. I mean I. Suppose you if you went bronze to study then. You can also make your mind up as well Connie. Yes, well, the thing is the I think. The pressure was good because as a student in a foreign land especially in Europe. Where you have a lot of opportunities like party opportunities swallows educational opportunities, so you have the option either you to go astray, and just party all day, and all night yours steady, but based on what I my mom told me and I knew she had nothing. She just put everything on me so I made the choice to take the educational. Side of things just low in study and evening start my own business. Yes, so The pressure was kind of good, but I did see some students who had probably the same pressure, and who chose the other side of things and some graduated probably eight years later. And I'm thinking what were you? were interested in maybe days. Chain courses because sometimes. Offing in UK when he when he studying the Mike, he just undo the Kohl's anymore, so they might dropout and that's it. Yeah. But yeah probably. Yeah. Anyway. Oh I studied international commerce so. Yes, so back in the days while you have the European Union, but it was since the common currency. You know I think the The euro came in in two thousand one I remembered. It just came in that I left and came to Canada, so I did international commerce because I'm thinking wherever I am in Europe either in France or in England, or if I were to leave and go in Spain or somewhere. I needed to know international, because you had international business, because you have all these borders and it's not like now where everything is kind of open, the pretty much trying to amalgam, it's all the countries. It was quite different and I just I need to study something that would allow me to work anywhere or if you've you know I came to North America. International business like worked for any country that would work, so that's why studied it, and later on. I got a a PhD in business. What you see! I'm very business oriented. In your mind to your own. That was your own choice today that go that route. Yes, yeah, yeah. I got a PhD business because I really wanted to learn about business. 'cause I just thought if I could have my own business like Bill Gates or or Steve Gates Steve Gates are still job or one of these very successful. I would not only be able to help myself, but help my family and be able to help people in need because a lot of people who are out there who are in need, so it has always been to help myself, but also help those or you need a so results. I was never satisfied with just status. Cool with just the nine to five, because it was only good enough to cover my day to day expenses, nothing more probably I would be able to save a few hundred dollars here and there, but nothing much. It was enough for me to do the kind of things that I wanted to do to Get under projects. That I wanted to get on so I. Just thought get to know a lot more about business. Archana business partner with people so that you can do a whole lot more for yourself in for other. Yeah, yeah well. So, really see you went from war-torn Sierra Leone, which obse must've been quite sixty. Still remember some of the the kind of horrific stuff guy in on. But you don't want us to now. Oh I CEO little. Bit about it. I remember the first time I saw someone being executed well. That was so you sorry one? You heard noises not used. Yes and it's not. It's I. Remember it like I would see We used to hear about Hoagie fit stories, but then we just took it happens to. Someone happens to someone someone else witnesses. Someone else experienced it, but then the first time I remembered you were in a hospital because that's what happened, did put everybody in a hostile area and I was there a I was just looking out of the window and So the the rebels, they had constant AK47, and all that and there was this man were arguing with the man at one point, one point tied him up in the war. Arguing I couldn't tell whether were saying because I was about the hospital I looked down the just pushed him. He was standing and this touched. Spraying the guy like from. From fee to head and. I just felt. My Dad grabbed me on my shoulders. Said what's going on? He said I was shaking. I guess when they were shooting the guy he was moving, shaking or trembling, and probably I was doing the same because I was so horrified. You're so. He just came and grabbed me and pulled me away from the window. And I said to myself just happened, and unfortunately it became a daily experience. Sometimes, you don't want to see something experience something because the universe kind of protect you from it once you see it. It's like everywhere. You look you see it and reaches ferreted, which was terrible because it was like a daily event for me now every day. I would see someone being executed. Someone being chopped off for a was terrible. Nari. What I have today it again. Wife knows at bust, but this one set of just had little snippet. Oh, they've bus. You got away from a Nestle made a success of your life and become a doctor got PhD belts. Margaret curly not. You know that's GonNa Chima that. That was from Saint Same University in France. You did all that studying. So I gate firm up, I did my bachelor's and my master's degree in France and I did my phd in the US with a university in the US has called epaulets university, and in France I lived in Lille University. University shall the girl that was in Lille not far from England not far fund the English Channel. So yes, yeah, so they pitched a stunning, the US and the Bachelors Degree Masters Degree were done in Fred's Oh. I immigrated to. Canada right up to nine eleven. I came here nine eighteen. Yes, so we went on a site where you actually in New York, state so. No I did in so I. Didn't even Kim My parents live in in DC in Washington. DC but I live in in Toronto so I, did it by. Correspondence and Wednesday to Montana for the final semester and did it so I. Did Mosque Fade Online? Yeah, you can. Davis, research, most of is live by yourself anyway. Isn't it really of a supervisor? Exactly, so it was an alarm. Stop is being done online at the moment anyway. We want guys at that moment, but. So it's not an unusual thing, and it's going to be the new normal anyway. And Research stop. It's his. A lot of independent work a lot of. But you need the advisor to pretty much probably guide you. Put you on track. Sometimes when going astray, just tell you probably you should take this proud and keep here, so a lot of is independent work sellers able to do it remotely virtually be able to like a weekly meeting with my professors Syria. Yeah. Toronto at a time when us? That's room, but your parents instead in Washington say. The estill stock there. They've been trying to come over, but the borders were closed right right. Yeah, okay, but that's another interesting thing we can. Mention about bring out today, Ashley. Is Quite interesting what you've gone through and how people can look forward forward actually. So your parents living in Canada with you then you're in Toronto, are you? Oh Yes, I'm in Toronto but when I left the Ivory Coast so since my mom works for the International Organization for the World Bank, so she got to travel to go to other countries, South Africa in Kenya and other places, and then finally she was transferred to the head office in Washington DC. So right and she just decided okay. I'm getting older now. No need to be traveling. It was fun while it was younger traveling, so she stayed there, and she just retired and so she wants to come and join us right here in Canada because we we to have got a sister who lives here to with me and but she's not been able to do so because the borders of while coronavirus hidden down here we are in in in candidates, not as bad, but it it still consigning is all. It it's it's very concerning but the goofing we have here. We are very fortunate about it. We have a very good. Healthcare, system, so healthcare is free so. Yeah Yeah so right from the get go. People were getting tested like when people didn't feel right. Achey back or a body. People got tested, and it still free, so I think we were able to get things under control right now. Is Pre. He's not. Brings a very different trump where he's not being stubborn values. Yeah, we love him. Yeah, things, Sir a good yeah. I liked the we all very conscious about the situation in. We realized that Damn. It has to we all have to putting our little efforts to be able to get it on the controlling medicated, if possible, yeah, so we've all been cooperative. Let's get back to the study then so you finish and became A. Doctor. So! That was when when was that to? Just, two, thousand one and he said. I got my master's degree in two thousand and one and right after I got it in France. Migrated to Canada, so I worked I I had few jobs sat, had I worked in human resources and also worked team import export just to name a few I been worked for the government and. And I had my small business, so and then got married had a family. We only wanted to kids, but ended up with four because accounts. Right I. Know I didn't pay attention in school I. Didn't inching. Just kidding. Anyway kids. They're fine. Actually we ended up with multiples. Is that's why we ended up with four so two girls and two boys? Yeah twins. Twice Ono once, so we had A. Girl and the third pregnancy ended up being swain. Yeah well, how do they? Want so fifteen thirteen and a twin boys. Who ten going on our okay. I have. Schooling as well at the same time national. Yes. By business. Yes! Yes, I'm doing that I'm trying to get them to be independent because we don't know how long this. Is GonNa last. It's pretty much the new norm so I run my business from home. My husband does his stuff from home as well and their home. Well. Of course you turn the computer on them, they're. They're playing games visiting all this website playing games and check on them. What are you doing? Oh, okay, sure I'll go back and do my work pretty much money to whether you're doing, but I'm trying to tell them is the new norm finish just an hour day? Just to your school work so minute trick is sit with them for an hour at least I'm sure that one hour is being focused on. Schoolwork supposed to thirty minutes unschooled working thirty minute son came in website. Example, yeah, yeah, well I mean those plays they're not to. Help them understand what's going on. The road in them up. She's GonNa Stop Hung Sporting say. Oh! Totally now she's on when she saved me setting up. You know during the podcast and that she understands what's going on, but she wants my attention. Nights when she's not times going on to get more disciplined with Ya. But takes a a little bit more explaining than. Does the award. Discipline claim any disciplined, yes. From sports and in front of the Fire Service because I'm retired, confined service half. Siamese so. Yeah. Let's just on your website and I noticed that your firefighters twenty four twenty. Twenty five Yay in London where. Wow that must have been amazing. You must have seen a lot of homes. People yeah, we had been. What's in the middle of London? But so, what's in various parts of London as well so it's a major ones that went to the smaller ones as well say. Probably. Different than the same you sane, but of course sometimes we guy places where. Other People Congo. If when you're trying to do is not different, but you do have the same kind of. Some soccer logically, thanks. Thank you guys for everything you're doing firefighters paramedics everywhere in the world I know you guys in nurses. CNAS. Moment with with what a guy for that! Yeah Yeah, yeah so anyway Let's find out about how you went. Because he you My understanding is that you went through? All these jobs you know at Saint Thomas. Study, PhD. which by students? AM. Studying do that. It works, but any went into business and nothing. You said he has some some foul is before you, which is a good thing in a Bennett world. While a Chinese things down seven times rise up meaning you can fell seven times, but you'll rise up eventually. Get there, but. so it's not unusual if people learn from the mistakes, tennis tennis about your your entrepreneurial journey because you had some. Some ups and downs there as well. For sure well, knowing what I know now after at least ten years Let's see fifteen years because. I started my little business here and there, since Psalm, two, thousand, four, two, thousand, and three, thousand and four, knowing what I know now I'm very happy. Fall. The mistakes I made I'm very happy for the failures back then in the days. When I was going through these mistakes and failures, I felt terrible. I felt like a loser. It was like Oh my goodness this. This is never gonNA work. Why can you? Why do you do this? But looking back I think I am where I am. Because of the mistakes that I made because of the failures that I that I experienced so back then when I had I told myself okay, I'm GonNa, start with five hundred dollars. My first business was with five hundred dollars. I called it my play money. 'cause I, said to myself, okay I lose five hundred dollars. It's a lot of money, but at least I can work an extra two months and make up for it so five hundred dollars very comfortable to lose it and I had this some. online business. It was pretty much what you call affiliate marketing, but then I had to get a web developer to build my website, and this got into a little bit of promotion so probably I lost him. It worked a little bit Gaza had people coming on the website, purchasing merchandise and a lot, but I didn't really know what it was doing like the marketing like A. A few marketing you need to do a lot of promotion and marketing mix. She gets a lot of promotion so tribe traffic to your website so that these products could be purchased, and then you make some commission by then long story short I, didn't make us much money than had to be hosting fee, and all that and I just decided. It's not working and my. My I had other businesses and I had one that really brought in substantial income. This was this was in two, thousand and nine I had a job website, so it was hard initially, but then I got I. Outsource The web development to another country and the way to build a website and I was able to have the government to help me like to. To populates bring jobs centered website, because can you imagine how the job site with no job Sunette, so as it were to make a deal of the government, and I got some job Senate spoke with some employers able to post on my website for free, and that works, and then after six months I started making some money from employers posting on Jebsen, my website. And what happened yes, and the hosting company that I had with that was somewhere in third world and the computer. people that builds the website is still had access to the website. Well as I said I didn't know what I was doing. I should have taken access I should've probably change my password which I didn't well. They had all the credit card information of all the clients, the few clients that were coming Pitcher nizing my business and all that and. So they had access to it. So when you going as a clients, you log in putting your credit card information, 'cause you posting five jobs ten jobs, and they had access to all that credit card information and it became A. While you can see where I'm getting, he became a huge problem and so I had to close down the business because I couldn't track them wherever they were and But I learned from it. I learnt from it. I apologize to these people I said okay. You can look at the credit card transaction. You can see that it's not in Canada. It's not me I didn't make those Transactions Ed so the how to close down the business young. It was terrible, and then later on ahead of the smaller businesses that didn't pan out, but then I got into the real estate, and this is funny part when that funny. All the businesses I had and still had like two fulltime jobs that it was doing raising family a young family, and then started doing a PhD. I called my employer, the the company that was administering pension, and I asked them because it's really maxine out my employer's contribution I was contributing to the maximum eight and contributed a little bit extra where there was room and I ask to. Oh, how much do I have now in my in my Intake count. Yes. I was expecting something I was expecting the agent to say oh man. You have three hundred thousand. You something like that and he said Oh. Ma'am you have a thirty three thousand? Must Shock and they said what do you mean? His three hundred and thirty thousand, he said no thirty, three thousand, and he said Ma'am you doing great. Keep it up. You're going to become millionaires some days. I was thinking from Rachel from the previous business. Now from the previous business, and for my employer, because it's a how the other business income coming, my employer I was contributing the maximum I could always on my pension accounts for my retirement account the employer hat theory. Yes, so it was expecting something like at least two hundred and fifty thousand, but he said I had only thirty, three thousand and I said what happened to my money. He says Oh man. You're doing great. Keep it up. It's GONNA turn into a million dollars, something it up and contributing six years, and I'm at thirty three thousand. Dollars. Canadian. No not US dollars Canadian does, and I'm thinking I'm not going anywhere. And that was a turning point, and I just thought I have to find a business, a serious business that works and that I can quit make money out of eight seek your mind e retirements, and also quit a legacy for myself, and for my kids and something like impasse down to people to my kids and they can. Can Pass down to their kids and also fulfill my dream because I did remember when I didn't have shelter. We didn't have anywhere to be clothing was eating Nisha, like some people give us some hand me downs, and I just thought well at some point to how to provide shelter for people, so when I got into real estate right now. All Properties we have, it's not luxury. Properties at all its properties that I target lower middle-class on people, and I think it's good for the economy as well, but I target these people and I ranch to people who have been rejecting society like well, of course, one portion has made me regretted this since covid nineteen started. She hasn't paid right. She has been since March and I'm kind of regretting it because I rented to her because she and her son Lebed in how in their car in Hong? Yeah I felt sorry for her. I gave her an apartment a two bedroom apartment. She paid me back by not paying rent, and it's been five months Nelson Smart Yep. And so many others have been really good. They've been paying rent and I. Even though the pain rent, it's helping my business. And I'm paying down the mortgage in them. becoming successful in life, but another symptom on giving back to society. These people who would have been homeless is of people who have been who have not been able to have shelter because the will have met the criteria to rent. From a from a bigger property management company, because the would feel the credit check that would filled the income tasks that would feel this feel that, but I did a lot of stress test, and the passed out and I, said okay. It's about time I give back to society while helping people and making money at the same time, so this is a fulfilling business. Business that I'm in right now. Yeah, and I'm trying to teach. My kids train them sometimes when I go out to look at homes, properties I dragged them with now I called them name. Of course you know kids. WanNa come, and sometimes I have to ride them. Tell them okay once we are done I'll take you to a restaurant. We'll have lunch together. And so just trying to show them to business at least get an on board with me and dumb. Probably start the own when they're old enough to do it. So. How how how far did it grow? You think from from six years Ominami rent one one prophecy condo actually so I'm on her much hassle, but not really making any great big. United! Just. Just pension you not really. ACID. Dancing coaching and stuff, not not which shook it passively from as well. So nothing nothing huge compared to what I think. You've made nine becoming. Naming for boat with a talk about you booking him in multi millionaire. So, how did how did that? 'CAUSE 'cause. You became so successful in San quite quite good the real estate. Thank you. It was it was in very It wasn't a smooth journey, so initially grew slowly, but then later on when I knew what I was doing then to growth really took off, so I bought. My first property was alright. It some renovation. Got It to be a to well. Actually it was a duplex already, but he needed a lot of work. which Dave I didn't know what I was doing on you I needed on electrocution I needed a plumber. I needed a handyman to do. all the work that needed to be done there. Yes and then I put the second property probably to look months later. Was Great, but then I stopped. Why do I stop? The tenant. I will I did some work and attendance down the property owner now a house. Yes, you're insured that you. Yes well, that's why don't go cheap on insurance anymore because. I show. Shop around anymore I'm with the Insurance Company and I pay my premium and I just make sure. I fought to reading into my expenses. You don't WanNa. Go on these things when you just start out. If feels like you just pain. Free money your premium payments. If you like you, just giving the a bank of the insurance company free money, but no, it might coming handy, so yes, to the second property a few months later up or down and I just thought Oh my goodness. This is not for me and everyone told me. It's not a woman's business like real estate. It's all guys baseness. It's a man's business. GET OUT OF FIT. Just sell whatever you hard and move out of it, but then I'm thinking. Excuse me. I've had a few businesses before, and this one seems to be promising because I. Don't know about the, UK, but in Canada realistic really going up like you can see the trend, it's really going up like that's one of the best things to get in and so the insurance company offered me. what would it? What was it call for? God, try to Deal with me and said okay. Your House burned down while half of it was left, and finally the my the fire went onto the next property. So, the insurance company offered me a deal and I said no book assists my pension. It's my retirement. It's my kitchen addition fond so I decided I, asked, my said no rebuild my property. Please and I. Don't want the money right now. And Luckily the rebuilt the property was up I. Think almost a year later. FUNNILY, the guy next door whose house God. Affected by the fire for my house. He stood me of two hundred fifty dollars, two hundred and fifty thousand dollars. No. He said yes, so you see how the he see how I had a very terrible start. And I just thought no. This is not working out. And people just said just sell. Luckily, my insurance company also covered the claimed the lawsuit fumbling a neighbor. And of course, my insurance bring a little bit higher now and then I just sat down, went back to join table and said to myself hall Michael When do this. How am I GONNA? Make it work, and of course no bank one of the deal with. Can you imagine having a Burns property? In your portfolio? Yeah, nobody wanted to deal with me. So I went back to join table got in contact with some people had been doing this for quite some time, and then I did some research and I. Just occupied I should be a little bit more selective in my tenant. Fine just all the areas, or when I buy a house make sure I have an inspection gone chuck electricals in this just be a little bit more you. You know experiences about best teacher as I'm saying. If you're starting out now and you're making mistakes, they're very hard the very tough to go through at the moment, but just think that you're very lucky. Because down the line, those mistakes will end up. Being actually blessings in disguise, said because of that's our went from two properties. Two years I didn't do anything because I was still. Trying to figure out what happened and then litter on that I just started going from one property after the other one property after the other and things have been going smoothly while I had some rough patches, but I was able to handle them and things have been. Way Better things have been all parties a cash flowing and tennis that I have are on the lower income bracket, but at least you're paying their rent, except for the one that I felt sorry for the not pain, but at least making the other properties. It's pretty much kerr covering my cost Yas, so we had the growth stage right now where we are thinking of probably bringing on on board partners, so investors to eating grow bigger and even help. Society and And what was the name of the? Real Estate Company. Okay it's called. Why walk home has late for you, so it's R.. Y., W K.. So why why like Ryan? Walk come homes. And there's A. There's a place where invest at website as well as anyone listening that could. That's right, so it's called. Why Walk Dot C. So y W. E. K. Dot C.. So they send investor page where he probably he can see my contact information, but you can email me or just leave a word on the website, and I'll be able to see it and connect with you later. and. Let's be once you poke now. What inspired you to write the bulk? multi-millionaire. Well fall of the all of you that are listening just want to say I. Don't have a million dollars sitting in my bank account, but it's just. It's just that I went from nothing. To build a multimillion dollar business? Yeah, still like when you look at the worth of the the The Model Abysmal does best. Yes, so it's just I went from nothing and I was able to. Build a multimillion dollar business. A realistic puts for you why I would. This book will have been doing this for a long time, but why did I decide to write this book because I, know you have a lot of people that are stock at one point out stock, a some people that are still loop cannot live the traditional way. which is you go to your job and then? Then you get paid. And hopefully you will become rich one day while I was one of those people when you see how many degrees south God like I got my masters degree got a job started a family I was working, and all that and I just thought occupied. The should go back to school and get a even higher degree to. You can get a better paying job any. and. Took my way, no, and then, but I think that the thing that has given me. financial freedom is having my own business having my real estate business so I. Just Thought Okay I. Think I can do the word of favor why I think I can share my story with people I can share my failures and also successes with people, especially for those who are. Are Stuck out there. Go to job Naito five usually. We don't even work nine to five. We go to work I'd probably be punching thirty minutes early and we leave two hours later tried to impress the managers trying to impress the bus, hoping that you can get a raise or promotion later, which is great, but probably when they give you the raise promotion later after taxes. It's not even enough to buy a cup of coffee, and you're thinking all the work. All the F. Word all the time you putting like. Why you st you still not able to achieve that financial success, so in the book I I. Explain All the questions like all the internal turmoil. That I had asking myself questions. Where is my life going the come putting all this effort, but I'm not getting to where I want to go why what's going on and so pretty much in the book I analyst, my life backing days how things were not working out well, and I know you have a lot of people out there. That are going to the same pain and suffering and emotional. Turmoil and especially in the financial. Aspect of things, so I just wanted these people to know that you're not alone. I was in that situation at some point, but it's just that I took a hard look of myself took a real hard. Look Myself. My bank accounts my financial situation. I have four kids, and I said to myself no things something gotta change I have to change things to be able to reach my goal and that's. How I got to where I am today, and that's been story I wanted to share with people to pretty much. Keep hope to some people and let them know that there's a light at the end of the tunnel. Just have to take a look at yourself where you are. Standard accepted and move on. And I know you're saying you're looking for investors to grow grow the the company more but have you re of achieved patient? Would seem right now. Yes, I have achieved financial peace, because if what I have right now, well I, don't know what the real estate market is gonNA look like took Ovid nineteen when all this is all said and done with, but if I were to sell. All the properties that I have right now because some of them have doubled, some of them are even tripled in value especially, those that I bought back in the days. Yes, I can just see down probably put the money in the bank in bank just invested, and just sit down and do nothing and I will feel at. I don't need to work any. moines my life by the same I. Don't WanNa. Stop here. You know when you in life when you know where you're running away from. You've been through situations. You struggle a lot. You get to a point where you think I can stop, but no, you're thinking about where you came from, and you said probably I should go. I should go a little bit farther as she go a little bit father, and probably do a little bit more to help others and also secure. The financial future for my kids also pass down something so that's why I keep going, but in terms of achievement, my financial piece. I know I have achieved because right now I. Don't have that You know like I had a job at one point where every time I got an email from the manager I would jump. Didn't know what she wanted. What was I going to be fired or demoted? Or how do you know what's going on? Whereas right now sears. Pandemic is going on. You have all this economic crisis that's going on. We don't know how things are going to pan out up to this, but at the same time think. I know I feel satisfied with where I am financially, and let's our to lose everything the thing is. It's all up here. I created it, so let's say the realistic market was to go burst We lose everything but I know how to do it all over again. You see what I mean so I have that satisfaction that I've achieved something and I can do it all over again. Well and multi-millionaire How can people find find this book I've Seen It. Amazon because about a link Dorothy today. Thank you. Yeah, right now. We have it on Amazon so you can all you can have the the version you can also order the the hard copy. got my website where you can see all my books, but pretty much will direct you to Amazon so you're dealing right now with Amazon. There's also a website that's smush words. Words, so that some S.. A. R. S. H. W. or D. S., so you can also go to smarr. Schwartzman's just an marsh was. You can only get the eversion suggest something you can download on your ipad or Iphone, but if you wanted to have like a copy, you go to Amazon, you can be able to get both versions. And just typing Margaret Curlew, a multimillionaire, finding the path to financial peace. With them, I've also got. Both of you websites on the show nights to everyone listening you can scroll down and click on the links as well on both by website see. We'd estate website in Mong. Market Cudi's. Dot Com website. Some wonderful blog there as well I started listening to the AH one of waking up setting. They correct me. Get your mind, right. Some interesting stuff there as well as the folks excellent well before you Guy Margaret What advice would you give well? Financial Advice. Would you have someone? Like yourself who just came out of college and all someone? It's in their forties or fifties with no result well off the retirement plan which of ammo retirement plan already signed. This is my first. Job. What would you give for both those? Koto offline and someone. Okay, if if I were to go back into days, let's say twenty, three twenty four years out of college or university. What I would do is. You want to have a job, but just have a job not to probably get promotions. Just get a job in different industries and get up and get the experience. Probably you stay in one industry for six months. Learn how that job that business that industry function, and then after six months ago, two three four industries dot just aim at making a career in one job in one industry in one company. Just try and get us many as much experience as you can and try to start your own business, you fail. You might be the lucky type where your first business you succeed, but. I don't think I've heard of that. You'RE GONNA. Feel but guess what you learn from your failure, and then you keep going, and you're gonNA to find a sweet spot where you'll go to succeed, and the goal is to have your own business one. You have your business. You create a financial peaceful yourself, but then you also become one of those few people have out there. That creates jobs for society got contribute to the economy. Can you imagine creating a job just for yourself? In the not some pointing employ five people in ten people in now at some point, you become a major factor to your local economy. That's a great feeling to have. Now if I were in my forties, fifties and I don't have retirements fond or I look at my retirement fund and I just think man. This is not going to work. I think I would start into real estate are probably should give you a quick story I. Have a friend Aquila to France so one. She's a nurse. And she has a house. She a a semi detached house that was probably fifteen years ago and Single? Yes, so right now, and she only has a little bit left on her mortgage and. And but the business it's a brand new house. She never the business, but then she says I've GonNa retirement of got nothing because she was just focused on paying down her mortgage. She has a good job, but you know a lot of young people don't think about retirement until probably fifteen. Maybe they start feeling back. Pay Me Paints and all that. Advice Oh to do was doddery. SUMMA'S has almost completed high school so I advice at this was like. Years Ago I, said Ocoee, whatever you have that this meant to the business, luckily has a side entrance, so I advice her to complete the basement, so the House speaking as she was able to put a two bedroom and our little kitchen and a bathroom in the basements, which the I help her find a handyman to do everything to get the basements all functional in up and running, so she was able to rent it for sixteen hundred dollars. This was sixteen hundred dollars so one thousand six hundred dollars that she was getting so i. told her you keep paying down your mortgage. This extra sixteen hundred dollars. You can either. Either add it to your mortgage or you put it in a bank and just save it or just count on it. When you retire, your mortgage will be paid off. You'll be getting whatever you're getting from. The government's for old age or secure retirement, and you'll be getting on xtra sixteen hundred dollars from your basement. And now she's so happy while she says the sixteen hundred dollars. She's just saving it. Because for mortgage only has a few thousand dollars left on it, but now she's like. Why didn't I think of this order? She had the basements empty for years that she didn't do anything about it. So what I would. Do, is don't be. Don't just give up no need to keep it because once you give up then. You just stay in the status. Quo and things become worse if you have a basement that's not being utilized Minka for where where you can rent it another five or ten years of and new that income to do something else, Aditya, pension account so invested a probably go and buy or rental property. It's not easy dealing with tenants. Tenants Awful Trust me attendant burnt down my house. I know what it is. Though? On no paying. That's the. Being a landlord, but the. Overall if you're doing it as a business and We're she's talking to. Catch them basement. Yeah, but I think if you buy something just okay I'm GonNA put up with whatever comes my way for the next five years for the next five years. Probably you could make at least an extra one hundred thousand dollars on that home. You know what I need depending on the price point. But just imagine that's a hundred thousand dollars you did ain't half before she by two homes, one hundred thousand dollars times to Saas two hundred thousand dollars that you could probably sell the homes in this put in our Civic Allen's and just we jewelry little by little until I mean why you retire, so don't give up if you can buy a couple of rental properties that are cash flowing now you want something that's cash flowing out something. That's underwater something. That's cash flowing now old it for the next five six ten years I think he will be good. Excellent excellent advice, there I think on premiums both stated of your nurse sprints our step one rental Cuando Room. So that gives me extra cash quote without. A pet firefighters pension so that oak the caught cancer room out of the former scenarios on anyway so. That's good. But it's not as good as action during not there's two things real estate and stock in stocks and shares that kind of things the two things that people go for in terms of compounding and growing the money, because it grows over the years, which is really yes. Yes, yes, you're Tony as a business and that's when when you can say true growth in business and investments. And one point. I JUST WANNA. Make the best part about it is. You can pass it onto your kids sale. like come back into ds I remembered. when a single I was only preapproved by the bank to buy a home four I think was hundred and twenty, five, thousand, one, hundred, thirty, five, thousand. That's what I was preapproved for. And it was really a stretch because all the homes that was looking at the one, hundred and fifty, a hundred and sixty, but guess what all this home. Sir, like five, hundred, thousand, six hundred thousand dollars. At least I'm just thinking like. If back then I had let those homes I still made money later on when I got to understand things, but then I'm just thinking if I had but those homes and the later on, just pass them onto my kids on my kids right now. A young people getting into the market now getting into professional word is still making what we made back in the days coming out of university, not much probably an extra thousand two, but income hasn't gone up like really high. No, the income is still around the St the same scale, but then everything has tripled, so you're working pretty much. You can afford a home if you have apparently who can pass down that home to you? Oh. Oh who can rents that home to you or a senator? Yet? A discount price make money, but they're not least you got you get a good deal where you can get a home for half of what you can get it for on the market. Then you starting, you have a head. Start Computer to your peers wouldn't even have a home or room to rent, so that's why Lafayette listed another reason why. I love real AIDS yeah. Well. There's plenty of. Kind of reuss in ninety canoe with real estate the way you can go, but mice beyond what your day and way economy combat them, and so make big money from you is. Excellent Margaret Margaret thanks petten sharing your inspiration story in the about success on the show today for listening. To you for for having me on your show and I'm so glad to speak to your listeners. Much. Well. Thank you. Okay well, that's all episode. Thanks for listening and remember. If you want to support what we do, then share subscribe and Labor Review Agronaut June's. What s open now, but I'll see you on the next episode. All the dichotomy shown. 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"The crisis in ethiopia continues to escalate members of the un human rights council such as iran and venezuela s. The united states to stop with this human rights violations violence breaks out in the ivory coast over recent election and azerbaijan and armenia signed a peace. Deal this is the world at large and we are politics one thousand and one hello and welcome to another episode of the world at large your place for international news If you're listening to this you probably enjoy news and caught cass. So i do believe you should leave a five star review and maybe even friendlier paragraph. isn't that right josh. Yes definitely and of course share and tell all your friends because when you guys leave reviews and you make grow than it makes us so happiest but we need to earn that. So why don't we just jump into the news right now so we have a little bit of a crisis in the horn of africa. Which if you don't know it's countries like eritrea. Djibouti ethiopia and somalia. They're all they're they're all having fun however ethiopia have a little bit less fun because a lot of analysts say oh might be on the verge of civil war so let's look at that what let's see why the opium might be at the situation. So the situation and unity between the gray and people of ethiopia and the central government run by the aroma has been experiencing study deteriorate deterioration especially in the last month so although the relationship has always been relatively unstable the government and the capital of a disabled has been keeping a close eye on their counterparts in the north. So let's breakdown some of this vocab real quick seal it. So what are the terrain people to grain people are. That's a good question. It's a good question. So now they are people that are in the north of ethiopia. They are about six percent of the population. So they're not that big but they're certainly sizeable chunk and they exist in the province in the north. It's right on the border with trae and they're not very happy right. I feel like ethiopia's kind of infringing on their rights as a province in as a people they want their. They want their ability to do what they want such as holding elections for example. And it just so happens that there wasn't election time it was election season in tigray and ethiopia ethiopia. The central government. Said no no no. Listen tigrayan people. I know you want. I know you have elections. I want you to want to have elections. I understand but in in. This is really important to you right. There was a virus. So you're not going to be holding these elections you understand and the two grand paypal said i definitely do not understand. In fact i'm going to go and hold elections right now now that you've said that into the legal so they went on and they held some elections. And what did the central government ethiopia say. Oh they said why did you do that. you are in a lot of trouble Mr green people you have violated on. You've crossed the line and we are going to make sure that you learn your lesson so you have absolutely no right and this is not the first time you guys do not respect us users jealous because of our past histories and we're gonna get into in a minute and you guys are just overall very disrespectful. You're going to hold elections now that that that's that's it well. I know what. I'm being rebellious and really wanna rebel against my parents or something. I just i just hold elections. I is really gets on your right there and it really gets under their skin. Classic rebellious teenager move. Yeah the people are in fact. The emblem of a raliess teenager so again. Despite this order from the capital not to hold the election coronavirus concerns the tigray in the tigray people's liberation front which is also known as the teepee aleph which runs area of the game anyways and when the government said that's a legal day were kind of mad and especially when the parliament. The parliament itself declared the elections legal. So not just the prime minister who they don't like but also the parliament so i'll be off. Mid the prime minister of ethiopia said this on twitter in response to the anger and open resistance from tigray and quote criminal elements cannot escape the rule of law under the guise of seeking reconciliation in a call for dialogue. our operation aims to end the impunity. That has prevailed for far too long and hold accountable individuals and groups under the laws of the land and quote some essentially. What he saying. This was on twitter. He got about thousand likes so. It's pretty legit. The people were like we stand with rock mod who love you and so That's comments section on twitter. I was reading In anyways he he got. He got a lot of support. This is quite a popular thing to say in if you live in the capital if you live in lands around there if you're in a romo majority ethnic group hopes however if you are a gray in person it's not as popular So what he saying is you're gonna have to follow the law. You're not some special people can just do whatever you want. I know you're a minority. I know you're percent but listen it's not talking fly here. I'm in charge. I'm the prime minister. I know you guys used to rule the country but not anymore And yes they did. In fact rule the country which again we will talk about the history of this But both sides decided that we're going to threaten each other so both of them threaten each other with military action and on friday ethiopia. The central government carried out airstrikes over to territory as a means of limiting the The region's access to like radars and missile stockpiles. Anything else that they could use to resist the actual i'll just up above and so Mr achmad the prime minister also ordered that all phone lines not great as well as internet be cut Which is where the swirl. The human rights groups have decided to speak in amnesty international. Denounced this they said why couldn internet service. That has nothing to do with it. There's expected to be hundreds if not thousands of of refugees fleeing to sudan so overall not the best situation People are concerned that look the people that are stuck in the middle of this government conflict. Who live in tigray are the ones who are going to be feeling the brunt of the things like internet being cut out in an actual war that airstrikes that are going on so abi aad mid actually won a nobel peace prize for ending the conflict with neighboring eritrea when he took power but this region as a whole as a new challenge and he even declared a six month state of emergency in the region to restore what he deems to be on order however that she grinned people do not see that as law and order in fact they see it as the opposite. They think that they're fighting for their sovereignty. They think they're fighting for justice and they just just in general they want they want to be back in power. So what do i mean by this. What do i mean by. What do i mean by them. Being back in power well. That's a great question. He in fact you're just on top of it today because this is a really important question. So that ukraine people since nineteen ninety-one. One as i said they are six percent of the population. The houston rule the country. What they did is they did this thing. Where we're not the manure we're not the majority But we have a parliament right. We have a parliament and all seats. So we're gonna take every minority we're gonna band together squish onto one group again super majority in the parliament and so that was led by the to grain people. Six percent is still a lot for a minority. So that's what they did. They form this giant coalition and they ruled the country. however in two thousand fifteen They kind of got kicked out of power and this is where the aroma which is said earlier the majority ethnic group in the countries like the biggest ethnic group in the country. They took power there. Coalition took over and they dissolved the coalition of the tigray and so This so a lot of people are saying how they're kind of late to grind. People are a little bit jealous. They're a little bit mad. They they had to go back in a retreat back to tigray and they no longer had control over the capital. And so i'll be off mid however again the prime minister he didn't actually take over till twenty eighteen. The actual romo took over twenty fifteen. But i'll be off mid promised reforms for the people and he's accused of grain minority of purposely resisting. His reforms out of spite for being kicked from power. And so abi. My boy obvious as announced the mobilization of thousands of troops. He's ready. he's he's he's He's quite angry because the terrain seized a federal military base in the city of mackay mckelway at the tap. The capital of tigray. Because you know every every province has like a federal military base for the troops go. They monitor the province right well. The to grain people sees that that did not make the federal government happy. I couldn't think as to why would make them unhappy. But let's just say did And so although it is not clear if there will be one analysts will often agree slash argue that there will in fact be a civil war. Is that going to happen. Let's hope not but the conflict is certainly very high. Tensions are there and that's geopolitics in a nutshell. Gays is power again. Power and money. As i've said before and i will say every episode. That is the reason that people fight And now it seems obvious. But it's all about power this money and money and sometimes oil which usually relates to money anyways so anyways we're going to go over to the united nations so the united nations human rights council decided. We're going to have a meeting. We're going to do this thing where we all get together. And we're gonna talk about the united states in their human rights So what this is. This is not uncommon. It sounds we. Are we talking about the us human rights. They actually do this with every single country. I believe it's you know it's it is called the. Up are universal periodic review Gets every few years when the all the members get together and they just look at your human rights every single conflict parent teacher conferences. Yeah with every country just they send a delegation. They sit there and everyone goes up in talks about your human rights. So if you're the if you are in fact the delegation from malawi than you are going to. You're going to be there in every country is gonna talk about how you can improve on your human rights. Yes however this is not malawi in fact this is the united states. And let me just tell you. The your enemies of the united states had a field day with this. So at the human rights council meeting the nations of iran china north korea russia and venezuela and cuba all slam the united states as an abuser of human rights states and so the chinese government said specifically that the united states needs to address the systemic racism embedded into its society So the united states government. Again this is their main response to all of this is what are you talking about You are much worse at this. And the united states went point out like the Contested labor camps in western china in the shung province with the workers and they said That looks like more systemic racism to me than anything going on here because the chinese government cited the george floyd case which everyone knows In which you know the the the police officer put a neck on the on On his knee on the dudes george floyd's neck and this was looked at by a lot of countries in people as democrats In us society and the chinese government said this systemic. Real systemically racist. If i do say so myself so you need to stop the united states. You need a cut that out. So north korea they got north korea also had something to say in fact they said this in a statement an quote we are concerned by the us as human rights violations and and quote so again the united states it pretty similar response saying i actually think you have more human rights. We're gonna get to exactly what. Mike pompeo the secretary of state said because he you know he kinda thought it was a joke. Actually look if you guys if look if you think. I'm not saying that. United states does not commit human rights violations in comparison north korea. That is up for you to decide. I am just stating the facts you But another fact is that syria decided also get involved. It seemed that will. Ns walea and they urged the united states to stop interfering in the internal affairs of other nations syria and venezuela. Both kind of thing where. The united states is really involved in their politics. Us has troops in syria not to the liking of the charlotte. Saad the president of syria. He's not a big fan of having american troops in his country in venezuela they do see that the united states backs one guido the opposition leader in there the biggest backer of hong guida and that is where the of finds a threat because he go to kinda wants to take over the government. So the so the syrian venezuela are saying. Look you guys are interfering in our affairs and not needs to stop stop using the pretext of human rights as a as a justification for his actions. You cannot say that venezuela committing human rights. That is absolutely ridiculous. You have no right to say that human rights violations. Who's you by interfering in our affairs or actually doing more damage than good america. So we have that but we also have cuba. 'cause cuba also decided that they are going to be very angry at the united states so as well as all the previously stated nations by the way they demanded that the us lift all sanctions on developing nations saying it hurts them economically two time when they're struggling so Cuba this kind of retains to cuba. Because they haven't embargo on and they wanna lifted. They don't like these sanctions hard to import stuff. Everything's expensive it's it's not it's it's it's just hard man. It's hard being cuba. And so They're asking the united states to lift it also again citing human rights concerns So this was not taken very well by the. Us government again. They thought that he thought this was ridiculous. They said all eu countries are much worse. The human rights and we are so. Stop saying that Again this is called the universal periodic review every country gets one of these every few years The other country that tends to really get slammed by this. The state of israel israeli usa. Just get slammed all the time in stuff like this So that that is what you're seeing. I believe by the way he was pakistan. Just became the newest member of the human rights council at the board so good for his becca stand. I can jobless relations I was like i read online. I'm like that's cool. I didn't write it But it's interesting so anyways. Us secretary of state. Mike pompeo rejected this advice. Seeing that all the countries listed above commit more human rights abuses in the united states and what he said this specifically and quote brutal regimes shouting the loudest above our record have the most to hide about their abysmal records and quote so he just fired back. He said you are shouting to cover up the atrocities. You commit you china. I seen those videos. I saw the drone footage. Do not lie to me. Do not tell me about my stomach. Racism you understand china. I'm going to get the bell off my waist right now. i'm going to slap you. If you keep telling me that i am committing human rights abuses. mike pompeo's defiantly the parent that teachers fear. He's they cancel his meeting. Your child's doing just fine. Mike pompeo scary belt out and twenty eight team so twenty eighteen. The united states left the human rights council. They said we're out we're done. This is so anti american. This oh anti israel and that's what the trump administration used as a justification for leaving it. They said it was an inherent quality of it in. That was just very bad to them and it wasn't worth being there however they did send a delegation to This specific universal periodic. Because you got you got to hear what the other countries have to say. Let's just say. The united states did not receive very warm feedback. Some other themes of it were like. Oh you're immigrations bat you're putting people in cages You're you're border policy. it's awful. It's abysmal you know. You need to work on that But the top priority for. You is your systemic racism. And you're just awful awful and you're you're sanctioning developing countries in europe Like interfering in their internal affairs. You're just being really annoying. United states go home. So that's what happened Quite an interesting story indeed. Yeah i think so. But let's see what else is interesting because there's a lot of stuff that's interesting interesting john ivory coast or or its more fancy name. The quota two of law d'ivoire. I don't know if i'm pronouncing the right but anyway gather i. I've seen them interchangeable young. Assuming that's how it's used But they recently held a presidential election So we all know. We all know how presidential elections and elections general tend to go in this part of the world. And let's just say did not go very Louis specifically president asante utera the incumbent one over ninety percent of the vote ninety four percent of the vote which is a sweeping victory right. He's actually he's actually quite popular. It's most people say. Yeah definitely one that type of oh. So what's the problem while the problem is It's he's running for a third term and there's a two-term limit And he's accepting the position and this is just angering the opposition or saying you cannot go into third term. It says right here in the law you cannot do. That and he retires has no no no. I am a president for all the people. Every single ivory coast person of ivory coast. I will be there for them. I am the president and yeah you. You can't really get rid of me. I i'm just here and so stay so riots broke out between many ethnic groups in the country was some people getting hurt or killed according to the police Will the police said this regarding to the mood of the country in which after they crack down on the violence and he said and quote. The situation is calm now Reinforcements are coming in. They are patrolling the area in. He also went on to confirm that three people have died with twenty six wounded So again the. What i said earlier important is that many ethnic groups are fighting A lot of these countries in africa run around like different ethnic groups right and they each they try to control the of the country. The most famously. If for example. I just mentioned the realm of gray and people this country. It's pretty similar. Wanda the famous famous rwanda right that to see so. Yeah so i mean. Ethnic peoples in general tend to have your abolished like they abolish the ethnic differences in the ninety s after the genocide. But it is still. It's it is but it's still quite common in africa for countries to be run based on ethnicity. It's it's very important for in terms of your social class. And so the anyways. The opposition cottage far when called upon by the high commissioner for human rights to refer was told to refer to dialogue over violence And so the opposition said. Well yeah but. I don't want violence. But he's he's he's breaking the law rightly i want. I it's our turn. We want to be in power now. Who tara he's been there for two terms. We sucked it up both times. We don't like him get him out of here and so they said an cook. Yes to dialogue but the rule of law must be respected and cooked So quite noble and so Although tar was he was originalist who his credit he was originally planning to step down but this changed after the person who was supposed to succeed him died So he had a successor planned out. Which again guys successor. In a democracy i feel like they don't add up but But anyways i i didn't realize you choose your successor. maybe that's maybe that's something that happens in cultivar but yeah interesting think. It's more common parliamentary systems. Well he's a president though now. Right prime ministers chosen by the parliament. I thought but anyways Experts in our free coast politics. I look but i'm assuming what he means. Vote for this guy. When i leave him he has a lot of influence. So he's able to do that but yes so he originally did have a successor in then. Yeah he died and so he's like you know what i wanna step down. I do i look. I was planning on stepping down by. He died so no one's prepared to run the country. So i i if you guys insist i suggest around the country another term if you if look if if it has to be a few more times after that high will i'll do it for the good of the countries and The opposition was very mad Although the opposition's candidate is is eighty six so he's quite old So i but you might. You might run into a similar situation to to the guys original successor. If you put someone that old inside of there i mean. That's that is an argument used by the side. That's currently in power But both of them are quite old. The old is like seventy four. So they're they're both up there but Certainly certainly interesting situation in the irony of this. Is that good bogged. Oh no colon. Gabba gabba vo. Who was the president in two thousand ten. Before tar came into power he actually ran on a very similar situation to atar it which he refused to give up his power in utara as the one that got france involved in they sent in the military and they literally got bogged out of power. They forced him out. So we definitely lettera is pretty similar situation right interesting. So he's the one wanting to give up power now so how turntables. Yeah so we'll see how that plays out. But in the meantime we're gonna talk about nuclear power plants in belarus this just my favorite subjects and so a new nuclear power plant. If you guys didn't hear while i'm with funds from the russian government was opened inside of belarus and it was announced on saturday but only a day after opening. It stopped working. So that's quite unfortunate when you spend a lot of money. Invest a lot of people labor and all that and then it breaks after pair all morning for an excellent show. Then your computer doesn't work. It's like a situation like that. I i look and if that's happening to you i i feel it seems really bad but Comparing the computer situation to the belarus belarusian power plant definitely see the similarities and that it's really annoying Invested all this stuff into the power plant and just stopped working so what wasn't working well. According to belarusian officials a lot of the electrical equipment on the plant broke down in retired Broke down in required replacement right so after day they acquire replacement. It's stop producing electricity so it was pretty much useless. And so we got oleg sobolev. Who's the radiation safety department He's employees from the radiation safety department. He said this. In a statement and quote turbines stopped. There is no electricity generation at the nuclear power plant. But this does not affect nuclear and radiation safety so this was in response to the lithuanian government which expressed fears of nuclear fallout in fact the government has expressed opposition to the plant before construction even began since the plant happens to be about twenty five miles or forty kilometers from the capital city. Villainous is lithuania. They don't feel comfortable with a nuclear power. Plant twenty five miles from their capital. They simply not working. Yeah yeah they're like a broke after a day are you sure. Are you sure this is something that we should be doing. Like i i. I don't feel comfortable. It's a little bit close to my capital or like everyone in our country living. So i i just. I don't need that in so lithuania. They cut all trinity imports from belarus. Wants the plant started producing electricity because they just had so much opposition to this. They're like no no where you're going to make a nuclear power plant. You're not. We're not buying your electricity in belarus. Lithuania is with you and so That certainly doesn't make belarus happy but again they're saying that the powerplant will now be up and running around twenty twenty two so i i. I don't really. That's not good news for people working on that nuclear power play said max of twenty twenty two so i feel like they might be able to finish before that It's a few parts right but right just a few easy say word. Nuclear power could get those defoe. I look the belarusian government went actually express how much of it needed to be replaced. They just said electrical parts broke down. Those are official statement so If it is the entire plant that just broke can take a while. They should call apple support which you can talk to the robot but anyways Our last story of the day if you guys did not here is. There is a peace deal between armenian bourgeoisie. So that's very interesting. Let's talk about that. A little bit Because it was not a good day for armenia. They were not very happy with the deal quite angry. Actually let's see why so this deal which originally moderated by russia who bragged saying oh. The united states couldn't ever shared this deal. Germans the french but we know she did it so better than the united states at negotiating deals in the caucasus. Not realize exactly what they said but they did say that they are better at it than united states and so they had to and so russia moderated it and we'll be sending troops to lake impasse which controls the path between stepanakert which is the capital of the disputed region of nagorno-karabakh and mainland armenia. And if you guys don't know nagorno-karabakh again for brief summary. It is a region inside of that is recognized by the united nations but as a part of john but it's armenia majority in armenia recognizes nagorno-karabakh as and not other bijon says this has been our land historically it just because the united nations gave it to them does not mean. It's actually there's an. So that's why i mean is coming from right and so the armenian prime minister Well okay so first of all the lake impasse again controls. The path essentially the path between the capital nagorno-karabakh in armenia which is important to note because they're no longer in actually control that instead it's going to be russia which is not good for them in terms communication purposes and so the armenian prime minister in a culpa chagnon called this peace deal quote terrible but according to the leader in nagorno-karabakh are harder to neon He said that if had the fighting continued and it was going to continue right there. No peace deal. He said had it continued. The entire region would have fallen to oshawa johnny forces within a few days so the peacedale was best saying. Look this sucks. I know. But i don't wanna lose everything i mean there's still we still have a most nagorno-karabakh people we have. But this peacedale was not good for media it. Entailed specifically army handing over much control of the region giving to peace forces led by russia so much of the so much of the land that was in control nagorno-karabakh even after the war is now going to be controlled by russia. A neutral zone in which russia will moderate trade and Prisoner exchanges and Just keeping the pass open for everyone. Furthermore it's going to have to cede land author johnson. Azerbaijan captured a few a lot of large amounts of areas nagorno-karabakh and there are meaningless. Quite literally going to have to give them that land so if you thought that in the twenty first century we use lands that you took landed and you annexed them into your empire. Say i thought. I'll border from defined but pretty interesting to see that it's not and so armenia is not only doing that but they're also to pull back troops from key positions along the newly established borders third after paul back from the border that was newly established wish even moorland. They're gonna have to lose eventually so it's not good for them but again they're gonna lose all nagorno-karabakh in the prime minister was pressured to make peace by the military saying we. We can't do this. We can't do this. You're going to have to make peace we. I don't know what to say because the entrepreneur army was better armed than the armenian one. They were backed by turkey. They had syrian mercenaries The lot more financial support so they certainly had the advantage in that case so both russia and turkey said that they will be moderating the peace in her. Menial only agreed to the terms after the city of shusha or sushi sushi depending on your armenian or other michelle you pronounce differently after that city was still key city was taking. It was taken by the entrepreneurs forces and the reason this is bad is because it literally opens a direct path to step on kirk which is again the capital of nagorno-karabakh. And they're saying oh god. They took the city leap. We gotta make peace. Now we're gonna take capital near where it's over. We're going to lose nagorno-karabakh so they made peace to the city was also seated in the peace. Deal not good for media And so this led to mass celebrations in the johnny capital of baku people in the streets. They're taking pictures on snapchat just all great great ties in baku. And they're so happy they're saying sushi or has been our city forever and historically and we are glad to have back our meetings taking over nagorno-karabakh. No no it's ours now. Mania was clearly not happy because now they're capitals kind of exposed. Integrative care by the apple capital of yerevan is still all safe. Entitlement at maitland. Armenia but Certainly certainly interesting situation land was ceded. you don't see that very often but unlike the six previous ceasefires. This one actually seems a whole upon its signing. the fighting is actually stopped so at least it won't be any more but hundreds of people have died on this. This was. I knew it was a six week. War was quite short but it was still. It was still very devastating for the people living in that region so over two thousand russian peacekeepers to be deployed in so far. This deal has actually held. Like i said unlike the prior one. So these these mostly shrimps are going to be going to the lake. Impasse as i said but they'll be going to some other spots as well But the main theme that you're gonna gotta this is. Our media is losing control of nagorno-karabakh they had pretty much. It was like a client state of them before now. The the crucial like a passing points or controlled by russia's a neutral zone and some land was ceded including the city of shusha so Not a great deal for them and their perspective but it could have been worse. They have lost the entire region and that's why they need a piece to begin with everyone. So that is all we have for today. I hope. I hope you guys enjoyed this. He and enjoyed it. I enjoyed it too. Yeah and i am. You should do. But what if you're listening to this and you're out and about and you're doing your shopping or go to work. You know you do need to tap on the shoulder and say she'll listen to this podcast. You're driving pullover and shot it all the cars and say hey go listen to the world that larch listen to it and downloaded guys. If you're gonna listen to download lever of you leave that paragraph beautiful paragraph share it with all your friends in its and a few other things Again we do not up last week. We apologize for that We we stayed up. We livestream for the election. So we quite tired It takes me about three hours to make these episodes. I just want you guys to know that So i would have done it if i did not have three hour. See you quality content. It would have been bad if we can't bring you quality content. What's the point. Yeah exactly i. I need to understand the topics right. And there's no point doing th. If i can't understand the topic so i apologize for that however thanks you to three of you. Who left for us. Yes three of you left review so thank you. We can't see who did it. But yes i Seriously thank you so much. It makes really happy when you do that. and Minus some massive emergency. We should be up next wednesday as well So thank you guys for listening. I hope you enjoyed. We are politics thousand one and you are listening to the world at large good-bye everybody.