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"inigo bergia" Discussed on BrainStuff
"This episode is brought to you by T mobile for business. Available now from iHeart comes season two of the restless bonds presented by T mobile for business. Join host Jonathan Strickland as he explores the ever changing rapidly developing technologies that are changing industries overnight. From advancements in cloud and edge computing, SaaS, IoT and 5G once again, Jonathan sits down with the world's most unconventional thinkers, the leaders at the intersection of technology and business to understand how they continue to thrive in a world of complex organizations and lightning fast technology. The restless ones is now available on the iHeart radio app or wherever you listen to podcasts. Welcome to brain stuff, a production of iHeartRadio. Hey, brain stuff, Lauren boga bomb here. It's possible you've heard of a mink, and it's also possible that the thing that pops into your head when you hear that word is a fur coat. But of course, a natural fur coat is made of animal skins. In the parlance of our times, a mink is a coat, and astronomically expensive one at that. Made of the pelts of a type of weasel also called a mink, which is captured or raised in captivity for the purpose of providing rich people with cozy outerwear. But what makes mink first, such a desirable material for glamorous jackets. And why we've been trapping and wearing minks since at least the 11th century, is also what helps a mink survive in the wild. A two species of mink exist on the Planet Earth today. The third, the sea mink is now extinct due to a couple of centuries of persecution by fur trappers. Both surviving species have thick, soft, water repellent fur. Nas did the extinct bank. Both the American mink and the critically endangered European mank are semi aquatic, meaning they stick close to waterways, streams, rivers, wetlands, lakes, et cetera, aware they can find all the foods they like to eat best. Frogs, birds, clams, eggs, aquatic insects, and small animals, like rabbits and mice. They love slinking around rocky riverbanks in the early morning and evening. And during the heat of the day, repairing to their luxurious multi chambered burrows lined with grass fur and feathers. They're extremely tricky to trap because they're smart and suspicious. But we humans are, if nothing else, great devising ingenious ways of killing stuff. So we've managed to put mink in a precarious position. The American mink is doing pretty well in the wild. They can be found in parts of every state in the United States except Arizona, and aren't uncommon throughout their natural range. In fact, they're also not uncommon in other places in the world, including the traditional range of the European mink, which is native to Europe and Eurasia. American men were brought to Europe in the early 20th century, in order to satisfy the European passion for fur garments. And by the 1950s, at least 400 registered mink fur farms existed in the UK alone, all stocked with American mink, the species of choice for the fur industry, since their larger body than the European species, and their coats are a bit longer and denser. But it's perhaps predictably difficult to hold a weasel captive, and the American mink that had spent a few generations on European farms escaped and became naturalized citizens of Europe. And it turns out they were very aggressive toward the locals. A feral farm raised mink and their offspring began killing European mink and their kids. Before the article this episode is based on, how stuff works spoke with doctor inigo's bergia, a researcher in the department of environmental studies at Icarus in Lauren yo Spain. He said, it is important to consider that feral American mink is not the same as Native American mink in North America. A feral American mink is like a new species created by humans after decades of breeding in captivity. They do not behave in the same way as wild American mink in their native range. An example of altered behavior in Ferrell American mink in Europe has to do a territory. A wild male animals of both species are normally very territorial, and don't put up with other males sharing their area. Feral American mink, on the other hand, don't seem to mind sharing space with each other. Zerbo goitia said, in this way, in rivers where it was once possible to find one European mink male and between three and four females, you can now find as many as 30 American mink. The predation pressure in the area is extremely strong. As a result of this ecological debacle, the European mink is one of the most endangered animals in Europe. The population has plummeted by over 50% in the past decade, and although competition from the American mink certainly isn't helping matters, European mank are also hunted by humans, and have long been the victims of human driven habitat loss. Activists and researchers are working against the clock to save the species. Meanwhile, mink farms flourish worldwide, mink accounts for 85% of the global fur trade, and fur is still a popular material in oak tour. As recently as 2016, two thirds of major fall fashion week shows worldwide included fur. The mink for industry in the United States grosses around $300 million a year. There are farms in 23 states, but a few European countries outstrip America's farmed for production. Meanwhile, the mink for business is booming in China, a country with a lot of newly wealthy citizens in the market for luxury items. Coupled with very few animal welfare regulations. But anti fur activists take note, simply releasing farmed mink into the wild, won't do them any favors. In 2017, two animal rights activists released between 30,040 thousand mink from a fur farm in Minnesota. Most of the mink that immediately due to heat or killed each other when recollected in different social groupings. As with many issues, focusing on educating the public and contacting your governmental representatives to.