18 Burst results for "Information Processing Techniques Office"

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on Miss Information: A Trivia Podcast

Miss Information: A Trivia Podcast

08:06 min | 8 months ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on Miss Information: A Trivia Podcast

"To begin with we as a species. We've been trying to categorize an attain all the knowledge. We haven't to a database of sorts for a very long time right so for example in seventeen twenty. Eight ephraim champions globe maker publishes the cyclopes or a universal dictionary of arts and sciences. It is the earliest attempt to link by association all the articles in an encyclopedia or more generally all the components of human knowledge. He wrote in his preface quote this. We endeavored to attain by considering the several matters. E topics not only absolutely and independently as to what they are in themselves but also relatively or as they respect each other. So we've been thinking about like how to how to access knowledge how to obtain information and organize it in in a in a way so that more people can access it quicker classic enlightenment. Classic enlightenment am my right <hes>. So in one thousand. Nine hundred belgian lawyers and bibliographer paul outlet and on revilla contain proposed a central repository for the world's knowledge organized by the universal decimal classification. It was called the mondays <hes>. And it would eventually house. More than fifteen million index cards one hundred thousand files and millions of images and in nineteen thirty four outlet further advanced his vision for the radiated library in which people worldwide will place telephone calls to his quote mechanical collective brain. And we'll get back information as tv signals. So this was a theory. This is something that they thought could get off the ground then in nineteen thirty six h. g. wells first predicts what's called the world brain <hes>. He wrote the whole human memory can be and probably short time. We'll be made accessible to every individual time is close at hand when any student in any part of the world will be able to sit with his projector in his own study at his or her convenience to examine any book. any document in an exact replica. Study accurate it's pretty accurate so the world brain was to be a central repository of the world's knowledge organized by complex taxonomy invented by wells. So clearly there has been a precedent for desiring this kind of thing. So the concept of data communication or transmitting data between two different places through an electromagnetic medium such as radio or an electric wire predates the introduction of the first computers right. Such communication systems were typically limited to point to point communication between two end devices. Like semaphore lines are telegraph systems and telex machines so these can be considered early precursors to this kind of communication and the telegraph in the late. Nineteenth century was the first fully digital communication system. So that's just cool trivia fact it been a deeply so up until about nineteen sixty computers were huge unwieldy and self contained. You could use them as a tool. But you couldn't necessarily make them talk to each other or transmit information across any distances using them but there were a bunch of people working towards making that happen so a man named christopher stray cheesy who became the oxford university is first professor of computation filed a patent application for time sharing in february of nineteen fifty nine in june that year. He gave a paper called time sharing enlarge fast computers at the unesco information processing conference in paris where he passed the concept onto to lick lighter of mit like lighter vice president at both derek and newman inc and they discuss a computer network in his january. Nineteen sixty paper called man computer symbiosis so a quote from that is a network of computers connected to one another by wideband communication lines which provide the functions of present day libraries together with anticipated advances in information storage. And retrieval and other symbiotic functions. So super like great reading. You know just like pull it up right. Now read it. Yeah take it to the beach. You know something really exciting. So paul baran then publishes reliable digital communications systems using unreliable network repeater nodes the first of a series of papers that proposed the designed for distributed networks using packet switching. And we'll talk about that for a second. Method used to this day to transmit information over the internet and then a little later. Donald davies the. Uk's national physical laboratory or n. P. l. independently developed the same idea. So there's a little bit of like linear here <hes>. So while baron used the term message blocks for his units of communication davies. Use the term packets so i was like what the hell is packet. Switching so packet switching is essentially and i. I used the the metaphor of of charlie and the chocolate factory. Ok you know mike. Tv how said the tv you're broken up into little pieces gets reassembled on the other side. That's basically what packet switching is with. Data the pieces get sent over in smaller pieces because they can travel over greater distances being smaller and then they get reassembled on the other side so that's packet switching s perfect. I'm gonna get a lot of emails. Okay <noise> so. Jc are lick lighter so jc are lick lighter. He was known as either. Jc are like friends. Call them lick several shame. I guess it's shorter than say j. C. r. guess so or just like yourself jim anyway <hes>. He became the director of the newly-established information processing techniques office. Or the ipo within the us. Defense department's advanced research projects agency or darpa. So then robert. Taylor becomes the director of the information processing techniques office. Pto in nineteen sixty six and he intended to realize lighters idea of an interconnected networking system so he proposes to his boss the arpanet so the advanced research projects agency net which is a network that would connect the different projects that arpaio was sponsoring so a way to like keep everything together and at the time each project has its own specialized terminal and unique set of user commands so in order to talk to each terminal you had to physically go to the computer terminal that only spoke to that individual one so he was like what if we just had one computer that connected to everything and that was arpanet basically bam bam so there were like great. I love this. So they awarded. Arba awarded the contract to build this network to bolt beranek and newman or bbn technologies. And they're involved in the early stages of the internet in a major way and so all mentioned them like a bunch of times so the first arpanet link was established between the university of california los angeles and the stanford research institute at twenty to thirty hours on october. Twenty ninth nineteen. Sixty-nine the first message was the word log in <hes>. that's boring. I know it's super boring computer guys. I was necessary to jump. It wasn't the first text message. Merry christmas oh. I don't know maybe it was being at least that s something. Yeah or what. Does it come here. I need you. That's the one for the telephone log in. Yeah right fine. at least it's easy to remember. Yeah i message sent over. The internet is the message lock-in so sent over arpanet between the network node at ucla and a second one at sri. So leonard kline rock of ucla said at the ucla and they typed in the l. and asked sri by phone if they received it got the l. Came the voice reply. Ucla typed in the. Oh asked if they got it and received got the oh. ucla then typed in the g. And the darn system crashed boy the beginning on the second attempt. It worked fine so by the end of that year. Four host computers connected together in the initial arpanet so this was like the beginning of of the end. Basically

mike explorer steve lauren julia wilson library Julia microsoft syracuse liverpool gene white house Steve vint cerf
The History of the Internet

Miss Information: A Trivia Podcast

08:06 min | 8 months ago

The History of the Internet

"To begin with we as a species. We've been trying to categorize an attain all the knowledge. We haven't to a database of sorts for a very long time right so for example in seventeen twenty. Eight ephraim champions globe maker publishes the cyclopes or a universal dictionary of arts and sciences. It is the earliest attempt to link by association all the articles in an encyclopedia or more generally all the components of human knowledge. He wrote in his preface quote this. We endeavored to attain by considering the several matters. E topics not only absolutely and independently as to what they are in themselves but also relatively or as they respect each other. So we've been thinking about like how to how to access knowledge how to obtain information and organize it in in a in a way so that more people can access it quicker classic enlightenment. Classic enlightenment am my right So in one thousand. Nine hundred belgian lawyers and bibliographer paul outlet and on revilla contain proposed a central repository for the world's knowledge organized by the universal decimal classification. It was called the mondays And it would eventually house. More than fifteen million index cards one hundred thousand files and millions of images and in nineteen thirty four outlet further advanced his vision for the radiated library in which people worldwide will place telephone calls to his quote mechanical collective brain. And we'll get back information as tv signals. So this was a theory. This is something that they thought could get off the ground then in nineteen thirty six h. g. wells first predicts what's called the world brain He wrote the whole human memory can be and probably short time. We'll be made accessible to every individual time is close at hand when any student in any part of the world will be able to sit with his projector in his own study at his or her convenience to examine any book. any document in an exact replica. Study accurate it's pretty accurate so the world brain was to be a central repository of the world's knowledge organized by complex taxonomy invented by wells. So clearly there has been a precedent for desiring this kind of thing. So the concept of data communication or transmitting data between two different places through an electromagnetic medium such as radio or an electric wire predates the introduction of the first computers right. Such communication systems were typically limited to point to point communication between two end devices. Like semaphore lines are telegraph systems and telex machines so these can be considered early precursors to this kind of communication and the telegraph in the late. Nineteenth century was the first fully digital communication system. So that's just cool trivia fact it been a deeply so up until about nineteen sixty computers were huge unwieldy and self contained. You could use them as a tool. But you couldn't necessarily make them talk to each other or transmit information across any distances using them but there were a bunch of people working towards making that happen so a man named christopher stray cheesy who became the oxford university is first professor of computation filed a patent application for time sharing in february of nineteen fifty nine in june that year. He gave a paper called time sharing enlarge fast computers at the unesco information processing conference in paris where he passed the concept onto to lick lighter of mit like lighter vice president at both derek and newman inc and they discuss a computer network in his january. Nineteen sixty paper called man computer symbiosis so a quote from that is a network of computers connected to one another by wideband communication lines which provide the functions of present day libraries together with anticipated advances in information storage. And retrieval and other symbiotic functions. So super like great reading. You know just like pull it up right. Now read it. Yeah take it to the beach. You know something really exciting. So paul baran then publishes reliable digital communications systems using unreliable network repeater nodes the first of a series of papers that proposed the designed for distributed networks using packet switching. And we'll talk about that for a second. Method used to this day to transmit information over the internet and then a little later. Donald davies the. Uk's national physical laboratory or n. P. l. independently developed the same idea. So there's a little bit of like linear here So while baron used the term message blocks for his units of communication davies. Use the term packets so i was like what the hell is packet. Switching so packet switching is essentially and i. I used the the metaphor of of charlie and the chocolate factory. Ok you know mike. Tv how said the tv you're broken up into little pieces gets reassembled on the other side. That's basically what packet switching is with. Data the pieces get sent over in smaller pieces because they can travel over greater distances being smaller and then they get reassembled on the other side so that's packet switching s perfect. I'm gonna get a lot of emails. Okay so. Jc are lick lighter so jc are lick lighter. He was known as either. Jc are like friends. Call them lick several shame. I guess it's shorter than say j. C. r. guess so or just like yourself jim anyway He became the director of the newly-established information processing techniques office. Or the ipo within the us. Defense department's advanced research projects agency or darpa. So then robert. Taylor becomes the director of the information processing techniques office. Pto in nineteen sixty six and he intended to realize lighters idea of an interconnected networking system so he proposes to his boss the arpanet so the advanced research projects agency net which is a network that would connect the different projects that arpaio was sponsoring so a way to like keep everything together and at the time each project has its own specialized terminal and unique set of user commands so in order to talk to each terminal you had to physically go to the computer terminal that only spoke to that individual one so he was like what if we just had one computer that connected to everything and that was arpanet basically bam bam so there were like great. I love this. So they awarded. Arba awarded the contract to build this network to bolt beranek and newman or bbn technologies. And they're involved in the early stages of the internet in a major way and so all mentioned them like a bunch of times so the first arpanet link was established between the university of california los angeles and the stanford research institute at twenty to thirty hours on october. Twenty ninth nineteen. Sixty-nine the first message was the word log in that's boring. I know it's super boring computer guys. I was necessary to jump. It wasn't the first text message. Merry christmas oh. I don't know maybe it was being at least that s something. Yeah or what. Does it come here. I need you. That's the one for the telephone log in. Yeah right fine. at least it's easy to remember. Yeah i message sent over. The internet is the message lock-in so sent over arpanet between the network node at ucla and a second one at sri. So leonard kline rock of ucla said at the ucla and they typed in the l. and asked sri by phone if they received it got the l. Came the voice reply. Ucla typed in the. Oh asked if they got it and received got the oh. ucla then typed in the g. And the darn system crashed boy the beginning on the second attempt. It worked fine so by the end of that year. Four host computers connected together in the initial arpanet so this was like the beginning of of the end. Basically

Paul Outlet Revilla Christopher Stray Wells Newman Inc Paul Baran Established Information Proces Donald Davies Oxford University Information Processing Techniq Unesco Derek Paris Baron Davies Bolt Beranek Defense Department Darpa Charlie Stanford Research Institute
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on Miss Information: A Trivia Podcast

Miss Information: A Trivia Podcast

06:00 min | 8 months ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on Miss Information: A Trivia Podcast

"And millions of images and in nineteen thirty four outlet further advanced his vision for the radiated library in which people worldwide will place telephone calls to his quote mechanical collective brain. And we'll get back information as tv signals. So this was a theory. This is something that they thought could get off the ground then in nineteen thirty six h. g. wells first predicts what's called the world brain He wrote the whole human memory can be and probably short time. We'll be made accessible to every individual time is close at hand when any student in any part of the world will be able to sit with his projector in his own study at his or her convenience to examine any book. any document in an exact replica. Study accurate it's pretty accurate so the world brain was to be a central repository of the world's knowledge organized by complex taxonomy invented by wells. So clearly there has been a precedent for desiring this kind of thing. So the concept of data communication or transmitting data between two different places through an electromagnetic medium such as radio or an electric wire predates the introduction of the first computers right. Such communication systems were typically limited to point to point communication between two end devices. Like semaphore lines are telegraph systems and telex machines so these can be considered early precursors to this kind of communication and the telegraph in the late. Nineteenth century was the first fully digital communication system. So that's just cool trivia fact it been a deeply so up until about nineteen sixty computers were huge unwieldy and self contained. You could use them as a tool. But you couldn't necessarily make them talk to each other or transmit information across any distances using them but there were a bunch of people working towards making that happen so a man named christopher stray cheesy who became the oxford university is first professor of computation filed a patent application for time sharing in february of nineteen fifty nine in june that year. He gave a paper called time sharing enlarge fast computers at the unesco information processing conference in paris where he passed the concept onto to lick lighter of mit like lighter vice president at both derek and newman inc and they discuss a computer network in his january. Nineteen sixty paper called man computer symbiosis so a quote from that is a network of computers connected to one another by wideband communication lines which provide the functions of present day libraries together with anticipated advances in information storage. And retrieval and other symbiotic functions. So super like great reading. You know just like pull it up right. Now read it. Yeah take it to the beach. You know something really exciting. So paul baran then publishes reliable digital communications systems using unreliable network repeater nodes the first of a series of papers that proposed the designed for distributed networks using packet switching. And we'll talk about that for a second. Method used to this day to transmit information over the internet and then a little later. Donald davies the. Uk's national physical laboratory or n. P. l. independently developed the same idea. So there's a little bit of like linear here So while baron used the term message blocks for his units of communication davies. Use the term packets so i was like what the hell is packet. Switching so packet switching is essentially and i. I used the the metaphor of of charlie and the chocolate factory. Ok you know mike. Tv how said the tv you're broken up into little pieces gets reassembled on the other side. That's basically what packet switching is with. Data the pieces get sent over in smaller pieces because they can travel over greater distances being smaller and then they get reassembled on the other side so that's packet switching s perfect. I'm gonna get a lot of emails. Okay so. Jc are lick lighter so jc are lick lighter. He was known as either. Jc are like friends. Call them lick several shame. I guess it's shorter than say j. C. r. guess so or just like yourself jim anyway He became the director of the newly-established information processing techniques office. Or the ipo within the us. Defense department's advanced research projects agency or darpa. So then robert. Taylor becomes the director of the information processing techniques office. Pto in nineteen sixty six and he intended to realize lighters idea of an interconnected networking system so he proposes to his boss the arpanet so the advanced research projects agency net which is a network that would connect the different projects that arpaio was sponsoring so a way to like keep everything together and at the time each project has its own specialized terminal and unique set of user commands so in order to talk to each terminal you had to physically go to the computer terminal that only spoke to that individual one so he was like what if we just had one computer that connected to everything and that was arpanet basically bam bam so there were like great. I love this. So they awarded. Arba awarded the contract to build this network to bolt beranek and newman or bbn technologies. And they're involved in the early stages of the internet in a major way and so all mentioned them like a bunch of times so the first arpanet link was established between the university of california los angeles and the stanford research institute at twenty to thirty hours on october. Twenty ninth nineteen. Sixty-nine the first message was the word log in that's boring. I know it's super boring computer guys. I was necessary to jump. It wasn't the first text message. Merry christmas.

wells christopher stray cheesy newman inc paul baran oxford university Donald davies national physical laboratory unesco mit derek paris baron davies charlie Defense department darpa Uk mike Pto arpaio
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on TechStuff

TechStuff

02:14 min | 2 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on TechStuff

"Weren't natively designed to support multiple users, they were work, arounds, and MIT computer scientists found manufacturers were uninterested in changing that because there seemed to be very little call for it on July first nineteen sixty three MIT launched a project originally called mathematics and computation or MAC. But later, the acronym would be retroactively applied to the phrase multiple access computer funding for the project came courtesy of Arpaio, which would later, get its own acronym update to DARPA. And in case you are unfamiliar with that organization. It's a division within the United States Department of defense and its mission is to fund research and development into technologies that contribute to the defense of the. Country in some way. So why was the department of defense interested in this it largely had to do with Russia and Sputnik? Now talked about house, but Nick helped spur on a ton of innovation in the United States. It scared the daylights out of people in the US. It's adjusted that Russia was much further along technologically speaking than the US had suspected, and it lit a fire under the proverbial backside of the US military, and so there was a strong incentive to advance computer science and technology in the US to outpace, the Russians project, max primary purpose was to advance computer science, in several ways, including the development of new operating systems and computational theory, it largely grew out of a meeting between MIT professor Robert Fano and Joseph c r lick lighter who had previously established a psychology group in the electrical engineering department of MIT, then gone on to join a research firm called. Bolt Beranek and Newman better known as BBN and then was named the first director of Arcus information processing techniques office, or IP, t oh lick lighter. Convinced Vano to head up project MAC which would receive funding from the IP T O through Arba, but standing in the way of this goal where the limitations I've mentioned already it's hard to make real progress. If you're limited to just one person working.

United States Department of de United States MIT Russia DARPA Arpaio Bolt Beranek BBN Robert Fano Vano Arcus Nick director Newman professor Joseph c
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on TechStuff

TechStuff

04:31 min | 2 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on TechStuff

"Hey, welcome to tech stuff. I'm your host Jonathan Strickland. I'm an executive producer and a love all things tech. And in our last episode, I covered some of the gadgets and weapons are now DARPA was working on in connection with the rise of communist insurgents in southeast Asia and the events leading up to what would become the Vietnam war. But one area I did not spend much time on was these psychological side of their research Arba actually conducted extensive research to learn about the psychology of the people Vietnam in a couple of different big projects. So these were questions like what would convince someone to side with the Viet Cong, for example, as opposed to being loyal to president diem at that time. One motivated them a pair of specialists both of whom were knowledgeable Vietnam's, language culture and history conducted research. Around an initiative, the US was backing called the strategic hamlet program. The said nothing to do with Shakespeare hamlet in the sense of village in this case this program would relocate entire villages of Vietnamese people to newly constructed hamlets some distance away. The people were supposed to do a lot of the construction themselves. They were supposed to get some materials and compensation from the Vietnamese government. A of this was meant to be built on their efforts and their efforts alone. The goal was to keep the Viet Cong out. The researchers found that the efforts were having a negative impact on the Vietnamese. And we're likely to backfire in the long run for lots of different reasons. One was that they resented having to move from their homes where they had a deep connection. Another was that the promised compensation and support from the Vietnamese government didn't seem to be coming. And so they were. Being essentially relocated out of their homes, and then just sort of thrown into the wild. So the two consultants came back to the United States and said, this is not working, but that view was not a popular one. That was not what people wanted to hear. And they were largely ignored subsequent research conducted by people who did not have that same background in Vietnamese culture and language would have a more optimistic outlook, which people back in the United States. And by people, I mean, super secret classified meetings. These officials thought that was great because it was what they wanted to hear now as it turned out. The original reports were way more realistic, the ones that said the Vietnamese people are unhappy, and this is making the region more unstable, and this my friends is a reminder that sometimes our research pulls up stuff, we would rather not consider, but it's irresponsible to ignore. That information just because it is inconvenient or goes against. What we I thought we can't conduct research just to confirm our own bias biases. At least. We can't do that. And expect to arrive at results that reflect the truth now back in the states. Another big development was about to get rolling in one thousand nine hundred sixty two J C R lick lighter would become the first director of RBIs information processing techniques office, or I o this office alone to justify many, different episodes of tech stuff. I could do a months worth of episodes about the work of the IPO. And I have done episodes about some of the projects that spawned out of the IP like Arpanet, for example, that was born out of IP IPO, and it would set the groundwork for the internet. So Joseph Carl Rome net lick lighter or simply lick to his friends was born in nineteen fifteen. He graduated from college in nineteen thirty seven. He had degrees in psychology and mathematics and in physics. He earned. Master's degree in psychology in nineteen thirty eight so one year after he graduated undergrad school. He earned a PHD and psycho acoustics in nineteen forty two. And then he became a professor at Harvard for several years after a while he decided to go and work at MIT, and he began to get really interested in the Lincoln laboratory engineers, there were hard at work on an IBM computer system that was the heart of a system called these semi automatic ground environment or sage which was an early multitasking, computer..

United States Vietnamese government professor DARPA Jonathan Strickland southeast Asia Vietnam executive producer Lincoln IBM Joseph Carl Rome president MIT Harvard director one thousand nine hundred sixt
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on TechStuff

TechStuff

02:44 min | 2 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on TechStuff

"The gliders that would connect to the propellers the aircraft ran pretty quietly though, not as quietly as the army would like they eventually would send the gliders back to Lockheed to make some changes. Now at one point. There was talk of experimenting with radar absorbing paint to reduce the radar signature of these gliders. But the team ultimately decided that that was beyond the scope of their project. The gliders were in limited use during Vietnam. But more importantly, they led to the development of other spy. Technology stealth technology and unmanned drones project. Joel also included calls for new types of shotguns, new rifle grenades. Sound cannons? Canons that would actually use sound waves as a a shock deliver and bombs that could detonate between the top of jungle canopy and the ground below. And besides weapons agency was funding research and stuff like anti-venom kits in the event of a snake bite. They were creating Leech repellent glamorous stuff. They're also funding projects that would retrofit existing vehicles. So that they could move more effectively through the jungle environments, and they begin to work to develop more advanced communications systems to help logistics, and it was a huge undertaking. And this would feel research for several years and resulted many more changes and US military operations. Not all of them. Good ones project. Agile would continue until nineteen seventy four. When are pro would officially conclude it actually at that point? They were called DARPA between its launch and its end RPO would officially kick off the information processing techniques office and put J C R lick lighter in charge of it lik lighter would begin several projects that would have an enormous impact not just on the United States, but the entire world that would include the first steps towards the establishment of the internet. Now, I'll talk about that more in the next episode for now, let's conclude this second part of our story about DARPA. We will continue our look in our next episode exploring some of the more bizarre things that DARPA has been involved with as well as the the baby steps that would lead to the internet and keep in mind every single thing I've talked about every project I've talked about I could do a full episode or maybe couple of episodes to really cover because there are tons of. Implications there things that would a spin off and become technological advancements and other areas, and it's all fascinating stuff. Sometimes terrifying as well. But if you have any requests, maybe there's something you heard of this episode, or maybe there's some other tech topic..

DARPA US Lockheed Vietnam Joel Agile Leech
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on TechStuff

TechStuff

04:27 min | 2 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on TechStuff

"Intel core processor powering the thing that's incredibly powerful. It gives you up to thirteen and a half hours of battery life on a single charge. You can work where you want. How you want for as long as you want? So check it out the Microsoft surface. Pro six. In nineteen sixty are announced the launch of an interdisciplinary laboratory or ideal program. The purpose of this program was to advanced materials science, which is the study of the properties of matter than potential applications which again largely had to do with defense. The agency awarded three contracts that year each contract lasting four years, and they all had renewable clauses attached to them the three universities that one. Those first contracts were the university of Pennsylvania Cornell University and Northwestern University, the ideal program would continue for twelve years. It would include more universities over time. And then our boa transfer it to the National Science Foundation, which subsequently changed the program's name to the materials research laboratories program that program would fund exploratory research in all sorts of materials, some of which would end up playing an important role in making better tools and equipment for the military. All. In nineteen sixty our beloved a navigation satellite the first in what would eventually become a global navigation system. It was called transit. The project grew out of our in D work from the Johns Hopkins university's applied physics laboratory these satellite head and accuracy down to tens of meters which helped boost map accuracy considerably Arpaio administered the project until the mid nineteen sixties when it would transfer that system to the United States navy transit would ultimately consist of thirty six satellites in orbit and would serve as the primary US satellite-based navigation system until nineteen ninety six when it would be replaced by the global positioning system or GPS over the first two years of our positions the budget for its defender program also known as the ballistics missile defense or B M D project was about nine hundred million dollars from RND to operation. So just. Under a billion dollars an enormous amount of money now and back in nineteen fifty nine nineteen sixty would be a really big year of changes for DARPA or again Arba at the time. Herbert York who was the first chief scientist, then he became director of defense research and engineering would step down. John F Kennedy became president of the United States. And as a result as frequently the case with administration changes you started to see a house cleaning process where people who had been inhabiting certain positions and various agencies are removed. A new people are put in place. But for a short time York was essentially the acting secretary of defense until Kennedy's pick a guy named MacNamara would make his way through confirmation hearings. So for a short while Herbert York was affectively in charge of the codes for nuclear weapons in the United States. Like all of them. This was before the country had established the protocols around these so-called nuclear football. So he was the the head man in charge of the nuclear weapons arsenal. At that point for a few months or few days, really Kennedy was concerned about communist insurgents in southeast Asia, particularly in Vietnam. So in response he began to task officials with coming up with counter insurgency strategies, Arba would play a big role in that particularly starting in nineteen sixty one I'll get back to that in a second. But first in nineteen sixty one after spinning just a little more than a year as the director of Arba, general bets resigned, his replacement was a guy named Dr Jack p Ruina and electrical engineer who was a professor at MIT. Now Ruina was the first scientist to head up our pub from director level he would step down in nineteen sixty three. But in a short time as director he would oversee many important projects and developments. Including the founding of the information processing techniques office, or I p t o more on that in our next episode as part of project defender RPO would reach.

Herbert York John F Kennedy US Dr Jack p Ruina director Intel scientist advanced materials science Johns Hopkins university National Science Foundation Microsoft university of Pennsylvania Cor DARPA York Northwestern University southeast Asia MIT
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

The Tech Guy (MP3)

01:40 min | 4 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

"It all started in nineteen sixty six robert taylor had just taken a job at the pentagon director of the information processing techniques office which is part of art advanced research projects agency he gets into the office and he looks and at the time rp funding three different i'm getting all his by the way from the great john markups article about rubber taylor in the new york times but but you know this is legend ride to well known to people who follow the history of the internet he got the office and there were three different computer systems none of which could talk to each other and he said this is not a good idea we need we need some way for we need some sort of common language that are different computer systems can use to talk to one another so he went to the head of pa charlie hurt spell and said charlie what do you think charlie said that's a good idea he took a million dollars at the end of the ballistic missile defense budget and put it into the art of budget and said figure it out and they did they designed the protocols the power the internet they actually invented the internet back in the sixties fast forward of the early seventies he's a busy rocks palo alto research center northern california he got xerox to do something called the alto which was a computer with when doing graphics never in this early seventies nobody heard about that.

robert taylor director new york times charlie california xerox pentagon million dollars
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

The Tech Guy (MP3)

01:40 min | 4 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

"It all started in nineteen sixty six robert taylor had just taken a job at the pentagon director of the information processing techniques office which is part of art advanced research projects agency he gets into the office and he looks and at the time rp funding three different i'm getting all his by the way from the great john markups article about rubber taylor in the new york times but but you know this is legend ride to well known to people who follow the history of the internet he got the office and there were three different computer systems none of which could talk to each other and he said this is not a good idea we need we need some way for we need some sort of common language that are different computer systems can use to talk to one another so he went to the head of pa charlie hurt spell and said charlie what do you think charlie said that's a good idea he took a million dollars at the end of the ballistic missile defense budget and put it into the art of budget and said figure it out and they did they designed the protocols the power the internet they actually invented the internet back in the sixties fast forward of the early seventies he's a busy rocks palo alto research center northern california he got xerox to do something called the alto which was a computer with when doing graphics never in this early seventies nobody heard about that.

robert taylor director new york times charlie california xerox pentagon million dollars
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

The Tech Guy (MP3)

01:40 min | 4 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

"It all started in nineteen sixty six robert taylor had just taken a job at the pentagon director of the information processing techniques office which is part of art advanced research projects agency he gets into the office and he looks and at the time rp funding three different i'm getting all his by the way from the great john markups article about rubber taylor in the new york times but but you know this is legend ride to well known to people who follow the history of the internet he got the office and there were three different computer systems none of which could talk to each other and he said this is not a good idea we need we need some way for we need some sort of common language that are different computer systems can use to talk to one another so he went to the head of pa charlie hurt spell and said charlie what do you think charlie said that's a good idea he took a million dollars at the end of the ballistic missile defense budget and put it into the art of budget and said figure it out and they did they designed the protocols the power the internet they actually invented the internet back in the sixties fast forward of the early seventies he's a busy rocks palo alto research center northern california he got xerox to do something called the alto which was a computer with when doing graphics never in this early seventies nobody heard about that.

robert taylor director new york times charlie california xerox pentagon million dollars
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

The Tech Guy (MP3)

01:40 min | 4 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

"It all started in nineteen sixty six robert taylor had just taken a job at the pentagon director of the information processing techniques office which is part of art advanced research projects agency he gets into the office and he looks and at the time rp funding three different i'm getting all his by the way from the great john markups article about rubber taylor in the new york times but but you know this is legend ride to well known to people who follow the history of the internet he got the office and there were three different computer systems none of which could talk to each other and he said this is not a good idea we need we need some way for we need some sort of common language that are different computer systems can use to talk to one another so he went to the head of pa charlie hurt spell and said charlie what do you think charlie said that's a good idea he took a million dollars at the end of the ballistic missile defense budget and put it into the art of budget and said figure it out and they did they designed the protocols the power the internet they actually invented the internet back in the sixties fast forward of the early seventies he's a busy rocks palo alto research center northern california he got xerox to do something called the alto which was a computer with when doing graphics never in this early seventies nobody heard about that.

robert taylor director new york times charlie california xerox pentagon million dollars
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

The Tech Guy (MP3)

01:40 min | 4 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

"It all started in nineteen sixty six robert taylor had just taken a job at the pentagon director of the information processing techniques office which is part of art advanced research projects agency he gets into the office and he looks and at the time rp funding three different i'm getting all his by the way from the great john markups article about rubber taylor in the new york times but but you know this is legend ride to well known to people who follow the history of the internet he got the office and there were three different computer systems none of which could talk to each other and he said this is not a good idea we need we need some way for we need some sort of common language that are different computer systems can use to talk to one another so he went to the head of pa charlie hurt spell and said charlie what do you think charlie said that's a good idea he took a million dollars at the end of the ballistic missile defense budget and put it into the art of budget and said figure it out and they did they designed the protocols the power the internet they actually invented the internet back in the sixties fast forward of the early seventies he's a busy rocks palo alto research center northern california he got xerox to do something called the alto which was a computer with when doing graphics never in this early seventies nobody heard about that.

robert taylor director new york times charlie california xerox pentagon million dollars
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

The Tech Guy (MP3)

01:40 min | 4 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

"It all started in nineteen sixty six robert taylor had just taken a job at the pentagon director of the information processing techniques office which is part of art advanced research projects agency he gets into the office and he looks and at the time rp funding three different i'm getting all his by the way from the great john markups article about rubber taylor in the new york times but but you know this is legend ride to well known to people who follow the history of the internet he got the office and there were three different computer systems none of which could talk to each other and he said this is not a good idea we need we need some way for we need some sort of common language that are different computer systems can use to talk to one another so he went to the head of pa charlie hurt spell and said charlie what do you think charlie said that's a good idea he took a million dollars at the end of the ballistic missile defense budget and put it into the art of budget and said figure it out and they did they designed the protocols the power the internet they actually invented the internet back in the sixties fast forward of the early seventies he's a busy rocks palo alto research center northern california he got xerox to do something called the alto which was a computer with when doing graphics never in this early seventies nobody heard about that.

robert taylor director new york times charlie california xerox pentagon million dollars
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy

The Tech Guy

01:40 min | 4 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy

"It all started in nineteen sixty six robert taylor had just taken a job at the pentagon director of the information processing techniques office which is part of art advanced research projects agency he gets into the office and he looks and at the time rp funding three different i'm getting all his by the way from the great john markups article about rubber taylor in the new york times but but you know this is legend ride to well known to people who follow the history of the internet he got the office and there were three different computer systems none of which could talk to each other and he said this is not a good idea we need we need some way for we need some sort of common language that are different computer systems can use to talk to one another so he went to the head of pa charlie hurt spell and said charlie what do you think charlie said that's a good idea he took a million dollars at the end of the ballistic missile defense budget and put it into the art of budget and said figure it out and they did they designed the protocols the power the internet they actually invented the internet back in the sixties fast forward of the early seventies he's a busy rocks palo alto research center northern california he got xerox to do something called the alto which was a computer with when doing graphics never in this early seventies nobody heard about that.

robert taylor director new york times charlie california xerox pentagon million dollars
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

The Tech Guy (MP3)

01:40 min | 4 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

"It all started in nineteen sixty six robert taylor had just taken a job at the pentagon director of the information processing techniques office which is part of art advanced research projects agency he gets into the office and he looks and at the time rp funding three different i'm getting all his by the way from the great john markups article about rubber taylor in the new york times but but you know this is legend ride to well known to people who follow the history of the internet he got the office and there were three different computer systems none of which could talk to each other and he said this is not a good idea we need we need some way for we need some sort of common language that are different computer systems can use to talk to one another so he went to the head of pa charlie hurt spell and said charlie what do you think charlie said that's a good idea he took a million dollars at the end of the ballistic missile defense budget and put it into the art of budget and said figure it out and they did they designed the protocols the power the internet they actually invented the internet back in the sixties fast forward of the early seventies he's a busy rocks palo alto research center northern california he got xerox to do something called the alto which was a computer with when doing graphics never in this early seventies nobody heard about that.

robert taylor director new york times charlie california xerox pentagon million dollars
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

The Tech Guy (MP3)

01:40 min | 4 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

"It all started in nineteen sixty six robert taylor had just taken a job at the pentagon director of the information processing techniques office which is part of art advanced research projects agency he gets into the office and he looks and at the time rp funding three different i'm getting all his by the way from the great john markups article about rubber taylor in the new york times but but you know this is legend ride to well known to people who follow the history of the internet he got the office and there were three different computer systems none of which could talk to each other and he said this is not a good idea we need we need some way for we need some sort of common language that are different computer systems can use to talk to one another so he went to the head of pa charlie hurt spell and said charlie what do you think charlie said that's a good idea he took a million dollars at the end of the ballistic missile defense budget and put it into the art of budget and said figure it out and they did they designed the protocols the power the internet they actually invented the internet back in the sixties fast forward of the early seventies he's a busy rocks palo alto research center northern california he got xerox to do something called the alto which was a computer with when doing graphics never in this early seventies nobody heard about that.

robert taylor director new york times charlie california xerox pentagon million dollars
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

The Tech Guy (MP3)

01:40 min | 4 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

"It all started in nineteen sixty six robert taylor had just taken a job at the pentagon director of the information processing techniques office which is part of art advanced research projects agency he gets into the office and he looks and at the time rp funding three different i'm getting all his by the way from the great john markups article about rubber taylor in the new york times but but you know this is legend ride to well known to people who follow the history of the internet he got the office and there were three different computer systems none of which could talk to each other and he said this is not a good idea we need we need some way for we need some sort of common language that are different computer systems can use to talk to one another so he went to the head of pa charlie hurt spell and said charlie what do you think charlie said that's a good idea he took a million dollars at the end of the ballistic missile defense budget and put it into the art of budget and said figure it out and they did they designed the protocols the power the internet they actually invented the internet back in the sixties fast forward of the early seventies he's a busy rocks palo alto research center northern california he got xerox to do something called the alto which was a computer with when doing graphics never in this early seventies nobody heard about that.

robert taylor director new york times charlie california xerox pentagon million dollars
"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

The Tech Guy (MP3)

01:40 min | 4 years ago

"information processing techniques office" Discussed on The Tech Guy (MP3)

"It all started in nineteen sixty six robert taylor had just taken a job at the pentagon director of the information processing techniques office which is part of art advanced research projects agency he gets into the office and he looks and at the time rp funding three different i'm getting all his by the way from the great john markups article about rubber taylor in the new york times but but you know this is legend ride to well known to people who follow the history of the internet he got the office and there were three different computer systems none of which could talk to each other and he said this is not a good idea we need we need some way for we need some sort of common language that are different computer systems can use to talk to one another so he went to the head of pa charlie hurt spell and said charlie what do you think charlie said that's a good idea he took a million dollars at the end of the ballistic missile defense budget and put it into the art of budget and said figure it out and they did they designed the protocols the power the internet they actually invented the internet back in the sixties fast forward of the early seventies he's a busy rocks palo alto research center northern california he got xerox to do something called the alto which was a computer with when doing graphics never in this early seventies nobody heard about that.

robert taylor director new york times charlie california xerox pentagon million dollars