31 Burst results for "Indo Pacific"
"indo pacific" Discussed on 77WABC Radio
"Good heavens, and it has 70% of the world's global trade Pastor, the Malakand Sunda Strait. So what is to be done for US policy? Michael, Let's begin. With the fabled story of Commodore Perry. Why did the us reach out to Japan that at that time was understood to be a closed kingdom, 18 53 54. What was our ambition? Well, Interestingly, the ambition actually was China. Um, it was Japan was not seen as an end to itself. It was actually seen as a way station Ah polling station. A port in times of need for American ships that were going to be transiting over the circular route over the North Pacific to China. And then later, of course, the whaling ships that would were reaching the, uh, the Western Pacific waters on of course, Moby Dick plays a has a chapter or references to Japan and talking about Japan. We sort of forget that these were the great whaling grounds as well. And so ironically, Japan wasn't the goal. And yet, of course, it became for close to a century after Perry arrived the dominant power in Asia because it embraced modernization. And yet interestingly there's certainly an argument to be made historically, that Japan embraced modernization because it was weaker than the Ching dynasty. So the Tokugawa showing it in Japan. Was weaker than the Ching dynasty in China. They collapsed more readily when pressured by the Americans, and the Americans had followed on both the British and the Russians. Ah and And therefore chose and and and for their own purposes chose correctly. They chose wisely to modernize. And so from that we sort of retrospectively read backwards that the Americans wanted to open Japan. And they wanted to open on. Dheepan was always ready to modernize. And and it actually wasn't the case. What's really interesting about I think the U. S position in the Pacific when you talk about, for example, today's policy, which the Trump Administration has given the label a free and open, Indo Pacific. Teo its goal. This is our national goal for for that region a free and open Indo Pacific that has actually been the American gold going back to the 18 forties and again our goal than like every nation's go in what we used to be called the Orient or the Far East was to open up China to get trading. Privileges in China and the very first American commissioner sent to China, Caleb Cushing in 18 44 brought with him essentially an argument. For a free and open Indo Pacific or a free and open Asia Back then they most likely would have called it a free and open orient in which any nation could come and trade and win and in which no nation was dominant. This by the turn of the century had morphed into the open door notes of John Hay, in which the United States attempted To get all of the major European powers to agree that no one would become predominant on the continent that China would not be partitioned. And of course, it didn't work out that way. The European powers had, of course, all begun to partition. Parts of China. Japan, of course, jumped into the game as well. And the whole tragic history of China in the late 19th and 20th century's played out, Um the United States did become a colonial power, but Almost in a fit of absence of mind, as used to be said about the British empire in the Philippines and the national debate in the United States on it, and by the way annexation of the Philippines almost did not pass the Senate. Ironically, it did only because one of the great opponents of it William Jennings. Bryan changed his position and and his and through his influence behind annexation because he figured that was the quickest way to turn the Philippines back over to the Filipinos themselves. And that actually became American policy fairly quickly was was to return. The Philippines back to the people of the Philippines. But for the most part, the United States has always fought for a free and open Indo Pacific that this this was the goal leading up to World War two. It certainly was the goal after World War two. The alliance structure was that we have with our five treaty partners was created with that in mind. And so the latest rubric the latest tag or label, whatever you want to call it for a free and open Indo Pacific is actually the Longstanding century and 1/2 American policy that there should be no dominant power in Asia that prevents the nations of the Indo Pacific from freely choosing their destiny and the structure of international trade and international political relations. Among them the then the catastrophe of the Second War and Hiroshima, Nagasaki. But we come to the 19 fifties sixties and seventies were Michael Emphasizes. That the U. S. Was entering into treaties, trade treaties and on defense treaties with Japan and the region, including what Michael identifies is the four Tigers, South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Japan was included as thie economies revive and now we're into the Cold War. Michael did Japan play a major part in the U. S is understanding of the Cold War, or was it was it bypass because of the threat of China? Well in first in the totality of global totality of the told Cold war even though we thought our two hot wars Korean Vietnam in Asia For the most part, Asia was a sideshow to Europe. I mean, the real goal was keeping Western Europe free and ultimately defeating the Soviet Union. And and so Asia was seen Maura's as a sideshow. They're obviously after the fall of Republican China and the triumph of the Communists under Mao Tse tung in 1949. The Great Who lost China debate. The question of red China that used to be called was significant in American foreign policy. But again, I would argue subordinate to Europe within that Japan then was seen really in an analogous way to the United Kingdom as a sort of unsinkable aircraft carrier for the United States. That was why we signed such a Okay, well, I was going to use the word generous. I guess that's probably not the right historical way to phrase it, but a very comprehensive commitment to Japan and by generous what I meant, of course, is that Washington for its own purposes largely agreed to shoulder the burden of the defense of Japan, which which Japanese Politicians were very well aware of and understood and welcomed because it allowed them to turn inwards towards national economic recovery after World War two and starting, particularly with the Korean War. In 1950 than the ability to turn Japan into a factory designed to fulfill United States needs both ultimately in terms of consumer goods, But earlier than that, in terms of war material, and like, so they understood what this tradeoff was, and they welcome the trade off. Very much. Prime Minister Yoshida's she gave her the great Postwar prime minister of Japan basically restructure Japanese national security strategy around this idea that the United States would defend Japan's national sovereignty while Japan would build up into being a economic and economic power. So from that perspective was very useful to have a Japan that was self strengthening along the way. And that ultimately, despite the strictures of Article nine and a very strong pacifist tradition, post war in the country nonetheless played an ever larger role in terms of Asian defense throughout the Cold War. So, for example, Thie, United States and Japan together had probably undoubtedly the world's best anti submarine warfare capabilities, which really kept Soviet submarines bottled up in in the Soviet Far East and in the Asia, Attic Siberia. Um, this is still a capability that Japan has, although it attenuated after the Cold War in which they're rebuilding now in the face of the Chinese submarine threat, So Japan was seen as The key place, of course for US forces to be forward based in the Indo Pacific region. The bulk of our forces were there. The bulk of our forces remain there when Hide during most of the Cold War. In fact, all of the cold War to the American bases down in the Philippines you had anchors in both the North East and the South East. Once the Philippine bases went away, Japan became even more important in the immediate post Cold War period. Although ironically, the initial threat the Soviet Union, of course had disappeared. But as China began to fill that gap in 1995 the Taiwan Straits crisis, the stealing of ballistic missile technology and, of course, the Chinese military buildup Japan became ever more important to the United States. And so you've seen Repeated reiterations of the defense guidelines between the two countries in the deepening of the alliance and and perhaps the most significant deepening.
Australia to spend additional $270 billion on defence boost over decade, PM says
"Defense, spending will be fast-tracked strenuous looks to beef up its ability to react to an increasingly contested Indo Pacific region. To. Increase the the hitting power of the defense in the short term document hynick the challenges within the International. System Val competition. It is the appropriate. Bencher there's a lot more to this document or nothing. Clean messages really about deterrance about preparing the Strategic Defense Force to actually be able to. Australia's military strategists and defense analysts are still digesting discussing and debating. The Morrison government upgraded defence capabilities, some two hundred and seventy billion dollars over the next ten years. It seems like a lot of money, and it is of course that these days military hardware doesn't come cheap. A new anti ship missile for instance will set you back around four million dollars, Pope.
Muscling up to China and 25 years since Srebrenica
"Tom Switzer, he and welcome to another episode off between the lines now today on the program will be commemorating the twenty fifth anniversary of Europe's worst massacre since the Holocaust in ninety, ninety, five more than eight thousand people died in Shrimp Nitsa. The town was supposed to be a U N protected safe haven in the vicious civil war that tore Yugoslav apart instead the civilians ended up being massacred by Bosnian Serbs. Were lightning fast with their superior weapons. They easily overran the lightly. I'm Bosnian government troops and the token full civilian peacekeepers. The UN's Valley to protect the civilians inspired Washington to launch unilateral action against Serbia and end the civil war. Would things be the same today now? That's later in the program, but first defense. Last week the Morrison. Government launched a defence strategy and force structure review now the move signals a major shift away from the strategy outlined in the last defence white paper. Remember that just four years ago in two thousand sixteen. It plotted out Australia's strategic costs for the next decade. But that White Paper has as we know been rapidly overtaken by Vince covert China or that now the new review has promised two hundred and seventy billion dollars over the next decade to enhance Australia's defence capabilities with renewed focus on areas like Saba and spice capabilities and the possible development of hop sonic weapons will be fitting aircraft with long-range anti-ship missiles, increasing underwater surveillance and boosting fuel ammunitions reserves. Now, underscoring the seriousness of the shift, the Prime Minister even drew comparisons to the nineteen thirties and the lead up to world. War Two that period of the nineteen thirties. Is Been Something I've been revisiting on a very regular basis and when you connect by the economic challenges and the global uncertainty. It can be very haunting, but is the money too much or not enough is going to all the right places, and we'll do enough to safeguard Australia from China's increasing assertiveness and is rapidly growing military capabilities. What's the role of Australia's diplomacy? And all of this will joining me to discuss this at three distinguished guests. By skill is professor of Asia Pacific Security Studies at Macquarie University Holiday Bites. Thank you good to be here Melissa Conley. Tar is a research fellow at the Asia Institute at the University of Melbourne. Hi There Melissa could to speak again Tom. And Pay. The Jennings is executive director of the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. Tom No. Can you talk us through the top of scenarios and potential conflicts that the defense review is preparing us for the scenario that the review is focusing on is one involving a high end conventional conflict, so I've gone to the days of stabilization operations in t more Counterterrorism operations in Afghanistan This document is preparing foresight on onsite conflict. Involving countries that have sophisticated military forces. And, of course, the document doesn't say. I don't think it would be reasonable to expect it to say. That China is the problem. But let me tell you China is the problem that is the now neoplasia competitive that way of thinking about when we think about what's adequate in terms of the topic of military capability we need to have. and to does reflect to change. From past years Tom I recall when I started by defense career, we were thinking much more about the risks presented by Indonesia, and the so called low level in cushions in the northwest. Of course, that's no longer features in anyone's strategic thinking. Really it's about China and the risks that the People's Republic is presenting to all of its neighbors in abroad since in the Indo Pacific region and beyond I cabinet crudely putting it some sites laying the groundwork for fortress Australia US sign. This is preparing us to join a potential use LID. Containment slash war against China for example to protect Taiwan Peter Jennings. I think that is it covers a spectrum of possibilities. One possibility which I think is Epson you were in terms of language of the document is that we might conceivably end up having to face military conflict without being able to rely on the direct combat support of the United States, and that's what leads to discussions around extra stockpiling munitions and fuel insightful. But I think in general terms. Yes, the expectation is that Australia. Through its history has been a country that forms coalitions usually have like minded partners, the share the same types of objectives. And the the plan will design the Defense Force. Really gives us the capacity to do that with Rachel Ellis lecture, example, Japan but also with our traditional ally the United States okay bates skill. You've recently completed a review of China's defense capabilities and its recent military modernization, specifically looking at the implications for Australia Wind you expect the Peo- The People's Liberation Army and its navy. When do you expect them to have the capability to project power as far as Australia annual Pacific knives, well in many respects Tom, they already can I mean they have the long range missile capabilities to do that? Know as a from a standoff position launched from their own from their own homeland against hours. But what I think, the the new strategy is looking at is really the development of capability over the next ten fifteen twenty years, and that's by the Chinese own own acknowledged calendar that they would be able to by that time of mass, a large enough capability, both in terms of its long range strike, you know striking from their own homeland, but also bill to project. Project Power passed the so-called first and second island change and being a position to more directly threatened through those platforms Australian security. So you know we're talking ten or fifteen year window here and I think given the time it does take to try and respond to develop the the deterrent and defense capabilities for Australia. That's that's you know that's in some ways a short window. for Australia to be mobilizing in reaction Melissa Tali. What's the role of a strong diplomacy and all these well I think it needs to be growl. And one of the concerns when we look at the deteriorating strategic environment is we think all that's a defense problem? And so when the prime minister launches the strategic update with those comparisons with the nineteen thirties. It pushes US toward seeing in purely military terms but we don't just want to say things in that security lands, we want to think about all of the parts about national power projection, so that's diplomacy and development as well as defense I think if if people thought about it I think what we invest in all three strongly, but that's not where it is if you look at federal budget fifty. Fifty nine billion to defense and less than seven billion to diplomacy and development together the lowest point with ahead in our history and I think we missing that opportunity. If we don't take US seriously, the way that diplomacy and development can shape things in the world so I was struck. Today was a defendant looking at the latest poll on what are the major concerns that Australians have at the moment of the top threats in the world and the first five, a role nontraditional that drought, environment, disaster, climate change, pandemics, and downtown, global economy, and those places where you know military spending isn't going to help shape that environment. So we need to have an effect on those. We need to be thinking much more about what we can do in the diplomacy and development to mind Peter Jennings. What would you say in to Melissa's observations? Because they reflect a certain mindset that that perhaps we should be focused more on non state actors rather than say China for instance well, I think all of these you know threats that have to be taken seriously. I'm and simply because we're living in the middle of a pandemic for example, doesn't the climate change is gone away in this no longer going to present a problem to us. I guess what I'd say. Is that the you know the five things Melissa listed? That were in the featured in the low e Poland terms of popular concerns. Are also the things which could. In different ways late to the risks of conflict escalating in the Indo Pacific region generally so You know my my view, please while I would like to see spending on diplomacy increased. While I. Say Development Assistance is being something which is effectively the United soft in of Australian power, and the military is the hot end of Australian power. I think. The message against all of these areas is that we have just been underinvesting for decades underinvesting for decades, so we're we're all. High fiving ourselves at just reaching about two percent of gross national product, being spent on defense, but that is compared to what we spending in cold or years, which was sometimes between three and a half percent in four percent of rustic product. So what we have grown used to Tom I would say is. Free written on the United. States code tiles of security for for decades. We've dramatically under. Invested in the things that we need to do to strengthen Australia's position, not just militarily, but also diplomat. A now. We're rather surprised to hear the news that Gosh the bill is a lot more expensive than we really thought. It was only if you've got that confidence in the US. and. In fact, the whole trump stories, the story of the Americans really big being fed up with the rest of the world, thinking that the US can fund the bill for their security, so we're going to have to do more and I think we're going to have to do it against multiplicity of areas not. Justin sought the defense organization. We'll some scholars such as you want and James Current from the University of Sydney. They say that this document sounds a lot like an acknowledgement that the US might not always be there to help us out. By are we starting to plan for more independent Australian defense posture I think it would be a wise move to keep that option open when you think of the capabilities that the Chinese developing in which do have a direct pose a direct threat to Australia or could do so. In many respects, the I think the types of threats that you might not expect an immediate or even timely response on the part of the United States what I'm thinking here. Cyber capabilities is a huge priority for the Chinese. We already know what they see the sort of capability. They can wield against Australia and that's not the sort of thing you can expect a kind of cavalry to. Lead the charge from from Washington to come to Australia's defence slowly long range strike capability on the part of the Chinese capability. They already have in which are going to continue to develop. which could threaten Australia down the road now? These are capabilities that I think that Australia's going to have to develop their own defenses for. They can certainly do that with United States, but again it's not necessarily the sort of threat that we would expect some sort of traditional ally joint response not to make it well. Some of are in listeners will email me and they'll say that if Uncle Sam struggles to police. It's own CDs. Melissa. How on Earth Can Uncle Sam Police? The Asia Pacific region in the face of a rising China. What's your sense about us staying power in the next decade or two in look? It's difficult One of the things that strategic update looks at is more threats to the global rules order, and unfortunately the you know, the US is part of that. the US is not along with the strategies interest on things like global trading system, and a number of international issues like global health where we would say you need to be supporting. A Global Response that said I don't think the strategic update will be read negatively in. Washington, it's my guess. it very clearly couched in terms that I think the US will lock about Australia contributing more and having more self. that could be seen as a statement that we think that the US might not have outback, but can also be seen as something that the US has been for for a long time. I particularly liked a few elements of the update things like making sure that we have. You know material ammunition You know that aren't going to be disrupted. Buckle supply trying having more capability eight industrial cut suffering capability here antiques fuel reserves, which is not as long sane as an issue for us, so I mean those are things that are worth investing in. Regardless of US resolve because as we've seen from COVID, we know that supply chain can be disrupted very quickly and easily, and it's worth having eligibilities. Cepeda Jennings bite skill and Melissa Conley Toilet and Melissa. The Pacific step up last year. That realigned Australia's development budget to deal with some of the strategic challenges posed by China in the Pacific Do you think it goes far enough? The step up was followed recently by strategies new International Development Policy Partnerships for recovery, and that's made it very clear that strategies focus should be on the Pacific and also southeast. Asia including. Indonesia and team August. I think that has a very clear statement about what we want. In the region of being entrusted trusted development partner and influencing those societies that we think positive for four region. Again you're going to. You're going to say you. Hear this from me all the time, but again the problem is that we not really making much invasive lunch, so partnerships for recovery head no new money it talked about the massive challenges that covered as as creating for for the for the Pacific, and for for our region broadly, and the only funding announcement was that we're going to repurpose the money. We would have spent on sending Australian. Volunteers in scholarship holders. And we're GONNA use that so I I suppose I. Feel a little bit with all the areas, not actually include district update in that as well that what we've seen through the foreign policy, White Paper and International Development Policy through to to the defense. Strategic Updike is. We talk about how. how? What a time! These these frosty leaving a contested difficult awful environment that we've now got to leave in and the Dow L. Easy Times over, and then we say, and we're not gonNA. Give any new money so I mean the defense announcement is essentially just that we're going to continue to you know, extrapolate out the money that was planned to be spent in the twenty twenty six, and we're going to extrapolate that out to twenty thirty terabytes skill. Do we risk getting into a bidding war for influence in the Pacific? I don't know if it's a risk. If it is a risk worth worth taking. I mean obviously the Pacific region is so extremely important Australia's future. Both for for defense reasons for regional engagement for diplomatic reasons, developing reasons and the like. so It's quite possible that we're entering in a more competitive phase with China in this. SITES WRIST BYTES I'm talking about more the budgetary concerns he because in the wake of the Corona Virus Crosses. There'll be serious limits on how we can spend on these things scholley. Yes, there is and party left to be be developed for that, but you know when you're talking about your own backyard. I mean I I. I don't think it's the kind of country that can simply. Pretended it's by itself getting back pay to Jennings to the region, generally in the rise of what. Angus Campbell is of the Defence Force he's talked about the rise of political warfare, the idea of grey zone warfare things like cyber attacks, economic coercion influence operations that fall below the traditional threshold of war. He says we need a whole of government response to it. I, you seeing that whole of government approach happening in Campbell, or is this Manley focus on defense and the spy agency so far Peter Jennings. It probably is focused on the national security agency's Tom. That's not too surprising because you'd expect them to sort of pick up on the risks I. But General Campbell is right. It does need to be all government is. There's a whole lot of things happening there that simply cannot and should not be done by defense organizations. and. I think that realization is slowly dawning. Along as both of the speakers have said that actually ladyship comes with cost of infrastructure is going to play that role, but you know, give you a small example of this we. We have lost the ability to broadcast into the South Pacific and Southeast Asia. In a way that we used to very successfully over over decades to give us the capacity to do that. We're probably talking about you know that. He million a year forty million a year, which sounds a lot of defend. It's nothing if you're in the Defense Department. Let me tell you. But you need to be able to do things like that. To be the truth teller in the region to actually tell the region that there are alternatives to Chinese Communist Party authoritarianism I think that's what's needed with responding to this grey zone on threat. Is Actually to be the truth teller. In this part of the will and getting our system in Cambridge used to that reality to understanding what needs to be done. To starting at different type of conversation with our region. With our own people for that matter that that is a sort of a psychological change which I can see happening, but we're not quite yet. There's a bit of work still to be done to get to that point Melissa. Conley Tyler. Is, just responding on that. I agree entirely with what pitcher saying on on broadcasting. It's a small investment, such a an increasing influence. It should be Brian and I hope that did that's being seen. I think having defense voices. I will help a lot in a banks, seriously I'm but just went. When you ask Tom Balaton host government and what's happening there? There are some really good examples, so for example win. This Pacific step pop started an office of the Pacific was established in that apartment and tried and each job. He's to be that coordinating body, and it's bringing together the. The defense, the development and the diplomacy in a way that he's gone to maximize our influence. and I've noticed this a lot more discussion about that that three. How do you bring defense development diplomacy communities together? I'm involved in initiate the Pacific. Four Day and I think a lot of people not talking about what more we can do for that that joined up coordination to make the most about national instruments by skill. You're an expert on China. The elephant in the room of course is China doing need to be careful not to overestimate China's military strength. What about the weaknesses? Exactly right I mean you have to know your enemy's weakness as well as their strengths in the case of China, they are undertaking enormous reforming organization effort. They're pouring billions of dollars into new capabilities, but there's a lot of things we need to recognize I. Mean One is that the Chinese have not fought a shooting war and more than forty years. They are have no. They have zero experience in high end combat against a serious. Adversary, scenario, so that's not to downplay them, but to understand that they've got enormous obstacles to overcome that day. Themselves acknowledge that they themselves. No, they have to overcome, and that's why we had this window that we've been talking about. A fifteen to twenty years. to try and develop capabilities to get in front of the kinds of things that the Chinese want to bring to bear around. Around, twenty thirty or twenty, thirty, five, twenty, forty, paid-up Melissa to be continued. Thanks so much for being on our in. Thank you, tell my pleasure. Thank you, Tom. That was paid jennings. He's executive director of the Australian strategic pulsing suit by skill professor of Asia Pacific Security Studies at Macquarie University and Melissa Commonly Tyler. She's a research fellow at the Asia Institute at the University of Melbourne. These between the lines with Tom Switzer. Coming next, we're going to replay a version of a segment from between the lines. I 'cause commemorating the massacre of Bosnian Muslims at shredded Nitsa on the eleventh of July nodding ninety. Five twenty five years ago this week. More than eight thousand people were killed by Serb forces. It was the worst massacre. Europe had seen since the Holocaust. Serve softening up Trevor Nature for the army's final push into the town. Town of course was supposed to be a safe haven protected by the United Nations, but the civilians ended up being sitting ducks as I woke Larry. Hollingsworth Remembers I. Myself Feel Devastated and ashamed I was there with them? When we told them that it was a safe haven I watched. Many of these people walk in with the minimal possessions into shreds, knowing that it was a safe haven, and now they're fleeing out because we've let them down, let them down to the extent that within dies. About Twenty three thousand women and children were deported, and about eight thousand Muslim men and boys left behind where executed and buried in mass graves. Now, reports from the time described, frightening scenes stiffen overawed from medicines on frontier. Speaking he. Loading some of the children and women into buses, but there's no indication as to where it was buses, going with seen some horrifying streaming, going on women and children going into the buses being taken away from their family This was going on with a lot of crying a lot of panicking. The slaughter had been planned carefully and executed with precision. All the wall Dutch. Pace is literally stood by, and did nothing indeed even when the Serb assault on Srebrenica was imminent. in-command is still rejected Kohl's racetracks. Positions. Pope John Paul. The second declared ribbon Nitsa a defeat for civilization as media reports begins to reveal the scale of the unfolding tragedy. The UN says nine hundred thousand people are still unaccounted for. About some became clear as government soldiers emerging from the forest in central Bosnia, told of horrific massacres at the hands of the Serbs one young. People executing them on spot, but this didn't come out of the blue. By the time this massacre took place the civil war that tore the former Yugoslavia. Repot was heading into its fourth year. More than a million people have been displaced, and the world became familiar with a new term ethnic cleansing. So? Who is to blame for these well? Let's start with the United. Nations from ninety two to ninety, five shrivel Nitsa was the world's first union declared civilian syphon. It was supposed to to her aggression. It was supposed to aggression and set the scene for political negotiations to end hostilities between the Bosnian Serbs, and Muslims, but the UN soldiers in the SIPHONS. They were bedeviled by problems. If you declare an area safe haven in the name of the United Nations. Nations if you tell the people if they are safe in the name of the United Nations you have got to put the troops on the ground, and it's no good for politicians say yes, we go for safe havens, but we're not gonNA put the troops meanwhile the Europeans vacillated and equivocated failing miserably to cope with across at its own back door. America was also reluctant to get involved as then President George Bush senior explained in Nani Nani to. I? Something because I learned something from Vietnam. I am not going to commit US forces until I know what the mission is to the military. Tell me that it can be completed until I know how they can come out. You have ancient rivalries that have cropped up as as Yugoslavia's dissolved or getting dissolved, and it isn't going to be solved by sending in the eighty second airborne, and although on the campaign trail that Ye Bill Clinton pledged to reverse the appeasement of that bushes of Belgrade as President Clinton allowed the Balkans to bleed for three more years. French President Jacques Chirac was moved to declare quote, the position of the leader of the free world vacant. Trinite Sur changed all that having done nothing the before during the mass killings in Rwanda Clinton was galvanized into action, and crucially he cut the United Nations out of the Decision Chine on August thirty Washington led a night bombing campaign against the Serbs the NATO action began early this morning. The harsh light of fires and explosions coloring the night sky. Some people watched the bombardment from their houses, but after more than ten thousand deaths here in the last three years, most Sarajevans had given up any hope of outside intervention. Last night it came on a scale which could yet change the course of this war by the end of not ninety five sixty thousand nine hundred troops, including twenty thousand Americans were on the ground in Bosnia. Pace was declared. The BOEKEN's wars ended only because the US finally acted. He's President Clinton in November ninety five my fellow Americans in this new era there are still times when America and America alone can and should make the difference for peace. The terrible war in Bosnia is such a case nowhere. Today is the need for American leadership. More stark are more immediate than in. In Bosnia in the years since the Mexica Europe inaction was heavily criticised, and the US was held up for its global leadership in particular for its unilateral humanitarian intervention. This is when the US secretary. Of State. Madeleine Albright said America was the indispensable nation, and that idea would fade into the justification of the Iraq invasion in two thousand and three as a war of liberation, but he's a question with the US intervene. If the shrivel Nitsa massacre happened today from the standpoint of twenty twenty, we might ask if the era of US unilateral humanitarian intervention is well and truly over. Well, that's it for this week. Show remember if you'd like to hear the episode again or download segments since two thousand fourteen. Just go to ABC. Dot Net dot US slash aren and follow the prompts to between the lines, or you can listen via the ABC. Listen APP, or wherever you get your podcast. You can even subscribe, so you never miss an episode. I'm Tom Switzer continue next week.
U.S. sends carriers to South China Sea during Chinese military drills
"In the China Sea as China, too, carries out military drills there. The Navy says the U. S. S. Nimitz and the USS Ronald Reagan are carrying out operations in the South China Sea to support a free and open Indo Pacific. China and the US have accused each other of raising tensions in that strategic waterway. At a time of strain relations over everything from the new Corona virus to trade to Hong Kong. Tom Foodie, CBS NEWS Washington
Sources believe coronavirus outbreak originated in Wuhan lab
"Yes let's talk about China because were you know it just a few days ago or about a week and a half ago I think the news broke that there where there were suspicions that this virus started in a lab in Wuhan and got out of the lab and then out of control do we need to rethink our relationship with China and the dependence that we seem to have on that nation for the goods that we get here every hour moving forward we should be respecting our relations with China the way I look at it the way that it the growing drumbeat throughout the nation is China is caught in this world trillions of dollars but more importantly thousands upon thousands of lives yes is the clear answer but Donna to the question here's how I think we should do it first name actually come to the the justice department and the commerce department to try to find a way to this insane goal Chinese telecom from America this is in reaction to what is growing evidence and information about the lab and not wet market as relates to the origins of the corona virus number two we have deepened our relationship with China from a trade perspective we need to continue to strengthen our hand and have the tectonic shift three decades in the coming to make sure that our position is the superior position third the Indo Pacific region around China is worth fifty percent of the world's population will live in the next by twenty fifty if they come to the point of it being the leading force rather that New Zealand and Australia and Thailand and other Asian countries where we have a strong presence that being the alternate in that region and being a force for good in the world China cannot assume that responsibility that was senator Tim Scott a Republican from South
Namaste Trump: US president fills world's largest cricket stadium for political rally
"Almost two weeks ago the US president. Donald Trump was in India for a quick two-day tour. They were no major announcements expected but donald trump was to speak in front of over one hundred thousand people at huge cricket stadium in the city of Ahmedabad it was an event that piqued the interest of South Asia correspondent. James Ocean Bash. It turns out local media when more than a little curious why an Australian journalist had decided to go along to the spectacle on me. That's the sound of more than one hundred thousand people welcoming. Us President Donald Trump at a new cricket stadium in Ahmedabad not just any cricket stadium the largest in the world. According to seating capacity the president is used to speaking at large political rallies but even hey admitted awake lighter went back in the US that this was something special. This was a political party. Indian style music was blasting people were dancing in the stands paper masks and Prime Minister Narendra Modi and president trump will being worn with glee and they were baseball caps with trump's name on them. Lots of baseball caps the back of the stadium. I'm sitting among many local media and a few other foreign journalists just trying to absorb it all and then something unexpected happened. An Indian TV journalists came up to me and asked if she could interview me a mistrial Ian replied assuming that she thought I was an American. It doesn't matter. She showed me turns out. She wanted a foreign perspective about Modi meeting trump. Why was an Australian journalist here? Does this change the way USTRALIA views? India is big news back home those sorts of questions now. India has a lot of rolling news channels more than twenty. I'm told and that means a lot of hours have to be filled with content on. Saint Live crosses done here for less so when I figured why. Not and within a minute of saying yes. We relies when all of this about say the cell but I will give you a sense of that. Maybe guests with me right now. James Lee Denisov Eaton. That's fine birth names off food related daily. Denise these all Geisha going to spawn in with ABC The Australian Broadcasting Corporation. James. I want to ask you. You obviously definitely give me the foreign media perspective. Paul you wheeling this particular democracies these elitist. Then you've seen a lot of billboards around which summit ipod nausea you've got the world's largest democracy welcoming the first democracy in fact the most powerful democracy so I certainly pro-meta Strategy and perspective with a lot of interest in how they get along and how countries get along as well On. Tv The interviewer and occupying about a third of the screen. Another thirties live pictures of the rally and surrounding. Those two boxes are distracting amount of flashing graphics with the American Flag Waving on screen and headlines about mody welcoming trump constantly changing before the viewers is Indian media is certainly more shoddy than back harm and that includes the news animations anyway back to the interview Australia itself. It's always how to focus on China and you can say that starting to shift quite significantly and even the fries. Indo Pacific is one that you hear a lot more nowadays now. That's the point of made a fair bit recently. In fact the last time I was on this program I said I expected to hear more from India incoming years but if that's true change will surely be gradual industrial change. The Way Australia looks at in there. I wouldn't say a particularly changes to why you've seen to be honest. I likely wouldn't have gone to Ahmedabad either. Weren't for this. Visual spectacle with Donald Trump went on to discuss Australia Mont possibly join India Japan and the US in naval exercises this year or next and that was the end of the interview. Only Latin that perhaps the media not belong to either in America. Third-country thought that would be the end of it. I sat back down waiting for the main event to start but then a man with a golden microphone started chatting to me. He was a reporter with another news station India. Today within minutes on back on the air answering the sign. Top of questions. There was also a bit of Banter about how Australia no longer had the largest cricket stadium in fact that was repeated to me several times in the Strip opposite studio me like this random person who answered a question about Donald Trump explaining that the M. C. J. was no longer the world's largest cricket stadium minutes after the interview with India. Today I had another request for a TV interview and then another eventually. I decided because I had my own reporting to concentrate on now as I mentioned before. There's a lot rolling news platforms in India. Sorry grubbing may or any foreign Janai for an interview. Could just be filler. But it did get me thinking about the rise of India. He had the president of the United States showering India. And it's people with price. I got the sense that this was a proud moment for many here. Regardless of their politics it signified a in. The wider world is viewing India having foreign journalists to report on that reinforce this view but regardless of what the future holds for India. It seems one thing. That's not in dispute. They now have the world's largest Cricket Stadium Great Story there with South Asia correspondent James Oaten.
China, US And Trump discussed on Chad Benson
"China says it will not stand by idly and will take countermeasures if the US deploys intermediate range missiles in the Indo Pacific region president trump withdrew from a Cold War era arms treaty with Russia and US defense secretary mark asper says he wants to deploy mid range conventional missiles in the Asia Pacific with the
President, China And Indo Pacific discussed on Bloomberg Daybreak: Asia
"Talk a head of the meetings with japan and india this week u._s. president donald trump secretary of state mike pompeo's india talk china's increasing footprint in the indo pacific
Officers were told to keep USS John McCain from Trump's view
"To the White House wanted the navy to keep a warship Dame for the late. Senator John McCain out of President Trump's view during his recent trip to Japan. The Wall Street Journal reports US Indo Pacific command official detailed plans for Trump's visit that included the order, USS John McCain needs to be out of
"indo pacific" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"This is actually I want to make sure I understand what you're saying. You're not suggesting that we could have this to go on for years and years without hurting farmers because they're low cost. No, that's exactly right for years and years. That's why I say we have to define what long-term is obviously we want all the markets. We can but it's up to China to really play fair and trade fair. That's the problem. That's what President Trump has been getting it from the beginning and farmers to their credit understand that they understand the trade practices have gone on. And we hear that in fairness from farmers manufacturers. They want fair trade at the same time at some point one months turned into years, it has a longer term effect. And as you just said, it's up to China decide what to do that's not in our hands. What if China just toughs it out? Well, again, we will find we'll go other places other hungry people around the world that we will feed. We're trying to get markets everywhere along the Indo Pacific region as well as other things now yesterday good beginning discussions back again with Japan. Dan, EU, hopefully, we can get our NAFTA deal restored and go looking for markets. Elsewhere, we've probably become made a mistake in becoming too dependent on China for our for our markets there, and we need to spread those out in the short term. No, I mean farmers basically expect now to lose forty four cents a bushel on this year's crop. The current bailouts only one penny per bushel. Are you planning a second round of bailouts for farmers? Well, L accents on corn. And soybeans was our sixty five. Yes, there will be another trunks is twelve billion dollars a President Trump committed. We're going to be less than five billion this initial tranche. And we're going to you. We did that hopefully into resolving some of these trade disputes and encouraging. Our customers to come to the table and negotiate. So there will be another Trump's there the twenty billion there'll be another one or just in terms of the billion in addition to the twelve billion or just after the five billion you'll go to twelve billion after the five we'll look at another with the potential up to twelve billion. But this is a this is a two thousand eighteen deal. We're not committing anything in two thousand nineteen the whole effect was not to make farmers whole help them be able to form again. Mister secretary. We already heard for the president of South Korea's he signed the deal saying that that would benefit farmers can you quantify the benefit to farmers from that deal. Oh, yes. I couldn't qualify from a stability standpoint. And anxiety standpoint it again is has been a great market for American agriculture for years, and it was disrupted to some degree. We're happy to have it back on there. But we are again, a great beef market and other livestock market for for American producers. Was the secretary. We tend to focus on China because it's much in the news. But as you suggested, Canada, and Mexico really are substantial export markets. I think actually above China for most farmers across the United States of America. Where are we on NAFTA? Because we keep here we're getting close, and then seems to slip away again. Well, again, this this discussions and Canada's hands Canada, Mexico and China or a top three and it varies from year to year based on the price of soybeans. Whether China's number one or Canada, and Mexico, but the fact is that Canada has been very intriguing about their dairy imports and our access for our producers going into Canada while they've had free range in our markets. They have not reciprocated with our producers going into their markets. So as I listened to you mister secretary with China, and we talked to candidates as you say it's in their hands, which is not in our hands. You don't want this to last a long time. It's not good for the farmers. But how long are you prepared to let it last? I mean, is it really something we should prepare for the possibility of not certainty, maybe not likely that the possibility of this going on for years wouldn't think so I think again, the Goebel trade is imported all of us. It's very important to Canada as well as our US producers as well as China China has a growing economy, they're they're trying to move people out of the poverty into the middle class in China doing a good job there. That means they won't better died. So we produce what they like and what they want. They love US products. And I don't think they can stay out of the US market for years. I think again that may replace some soybeans from Brazil, but we have too many things at the world wants here agriculture producers in the US or low cost very productive producers, and we will fight. Other markets. But I think China will be back. I don't have any idea. It'll be more years that was US agriculture secretary Sonny Perdue.
Asia, United States and India discussed on Bloomberg Daybreak: Asia
"We go to, Ed, Baxter in San Francisco Ed. All right Juliette North Korea. Is working on new missiles this just weeks after the Singapore summit at least that's what spy agencies from the United States are, saying Washington Post. Report ABC is reporting that Japan is seeing a lower threat, from North Korea and has withdrawn some anti-missile units US President Trump saying today that he'd be willing to meet with Iran and president, Hassan Ronnie no preconditions Italian prime. Minister Giuseppe, Kante says he and President Trump have agreed to work on bilateral trade deals verb Jabs between China and the US is US secretary of. State, Mike Pompeo says the US will invest money and the Indo. Pacific region to ensure free and open. Business climate new independent report of the four year old disappearance of Malaysia air flights three seventy finds that it was deliberately diverted. From its course and India's, on the greatest toilet building spree and human history prime minister Narendra Modi's twenty billion dollar. Clean India mission aims to construct one hundred. Eleven million latrines and five years and is spurring. An eighty. One percent jump in concrete building materials global. News twenty four hours a day on, Aaron a tick tock on Twitter powered by more than twenty seven hundred journalists and. Analysts in more than one hundred twenty countries in San Francisco I'm Ed Baxter this is Bloomberg Doug all right at twenty past the hour here on daybreak Asia let's get back to our conversation with. Eric Moffett portfolio. Manager t. Rowe price international he joins us from our studios in Hong Kong so we've got, a Jay meeting that will react up pretty soon and a fed meeting later in the week arguably the o., j.'s the bigger deal since most expect the fed not to do anything. What happens if they do begin to tweak the yield curve management even slightly what are we like to see play out. In the market well I invest in the, Asia extra pan region so I don't spend much time thinking about the b. o. j. but broadly. The spectre of rising rates could be, a headwind, for Asia what what's really special about, the time we're in today is we have high real rates in Asia so even as the fed hikes rates many the central banks at. Here are still. In a position where. They can. Cut them however if inflation picks up central banks. Here in Asia are forced to raise rates that's likely to slow growth down so. I think that could potentially be one of the. Biggest headwinds this year I wanted, to ask you about. The text by Eric because of course we have seen that near three, hundred billion. Dollars wiped off in the. US take area there's been a few broker downgrades in the tech space here I just made sent ASA tech we. Had Samsung's earnings coming through a little bit weaker than expected as well in Asia g think that it is time for a bit of a, pullback in the tech space well I think there are two important buckets there's the internet. Bucket and then there's the smartphone bucket and in the internet bucket companies here? In Asia are broadly you know very they Ryan with the? Stories, like Google Facebook but there many years behind, and so I think we still have many years of growth to go and so it's really questioning what you're willing to pay for that. Growth in terms of the smartphone supply chain stocks it's true that smartphone growth is slowing down and. That memory cycles long in the tooth, but, it's also very important to note that all these stocks look very very cheap I. Think, expectations are low and so some of the bad news we're seeing out there is really already reflected in a. Lot of the prices what about some of the gaming companies and any major Ten cents is exposed to gaming I, mean in. The last week Electronic Arts. Gave this forecast for disappointing earnings in that cloud continues to kind of hang over the group activision in the US. During the last session was down three to half percent A lot of the. Gaming companies in the United States are you can think of them as sort of movie studio so they. Have to come out with hits. The product cycles can. Be lumpy ten cents special in that in many ways it's more a movie. Theater company they can source the hits from various gain makers. And whether or not a hit comes out and win it's launched can make earning slumpy. I think at present there've been some delays and, approvals for, various games to be launched in China and so that may create, some weakness later in the year but it, does nothing to undermine the strength of this business, and the long, term potential, and I think particularly when you. Think of games you know historically, that just individuals playing games on the mobile phones on consoles but a very growing part of the stories the east sports market where folks are getting together having big competitions their sponsorships I, think that's really going to be the next leg of growth for this, industry over the next ten years looking more broadly at. Asia we have been saying. You know a little bit of a pullback of late but. There are, some markets that are doing very well I think of India, for example which continues to hit record, highs day after day where do, you see some good value in Asia well so I don't see it in India India's one of the most expensive. In loved markets in Asia and I think we have some risk going to next year with politics higher oil prices is, bad for India so that's not. Where I'd find a lot of good opportunities today today I find some of the best opportunities in China's. A-share market the domestic stockmarket now. You recall this as. A market driven by retail investors who tend to get really excited when things. Are good panic when things are bad it's a very much. Momentum market and we've had the market selloff recently the fundamentals for the kind of steady. Blue chip companies we look at our fantastic and, so I, think that's that's the best hunting ground today broadly Frazier it's important, to note that the valuation for Asia ex, Japan the gap between, that valuation and say the, valuation in the, United States Market is about as wide as. It's ever, been so you have markets out here that are much cheaper, than the United States with better growth, and so we think that's attractive All right Eric great to have you, on thanks so much for coming into Hong Kong studio Eric Moffett portfolio. Manager at t. Rowe price international doesn't see value in. India but certainly in the Asia market in China which is going to. Reopen in about five and a half minutes time looking like. Broad day, of sailing that here in Asia we have got this Singapore. Bucket down by four tenths of one percent Japan's. Nikkei index of by around a third of one percent. Of, course we closely awaiting any moved from. The bay. OJ later today just having a quick look. At the Japanese yen it is back at that one hundred and. Eleven handle yes bang at one hundred and eleven spot zero full we'll keep you updated on. Markets in Asia this is Bloomberg This is a Bloomberg pursuits look at. Luxury the architect of the disastrous 2017 fire festival luxury concert series in. The Bahamas has settled, civil claims with the US securities and Exchange Commission Billy McFarland admitted. He defrauded, more, than one hundred investors almost. Twenty seven and a half million dollars he faces. As long as ten years in prison, when he sentenced August sixteenth for all, you watch collectors out there here's a question, you may have asked yourself does it have any real benefits in a. Fancy wristwatch well aside from bragging rights of course and. Adding tens of thousands of dollars to the price according to our friends. At watch hub ho dinky the answer is no not really. But that, doesn't mean not.
Taxi strike targeting Uber brings chaos to Spanish cities
"Is perverting the key institutions of our society is created a meant barriers that are holding. People back it's not clear how the network might frame the issue in the, midterm elections but it is really backed away from a few Republican candidates Americans. For prosperity the network's biggest group claims more than three million activists and ground organizations in thirty. Six states the conference drew several hundred, six-figure donors plus some Republican party Titians Peter Overby NPR news Washington Secretary of state Mike Pompeo says the Trump administration will invest one. Hundred thirteen million, dollars in, projects in, what he calls the Indo Pacific region NPR's Michelle Kellerman says Pompeo is. Heading to Asia this week secretary. Bombayo says it's in the US strategic interests do promote a free and open Indo Pacific. Region and boost trade, that's one, reason he says the US is investing millions of dollars in technology. Energy and infrastructure projects these funds represent, just a down. Payment on a new era in US economic commitment to peace and prosperity in the end. Up Pacific region on peyot only briefly mentioned President Trump's decision to pull out, of the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement he was speaking ahead of a trip to. Malaysia Indonesia and Singapore Michelle Kellerman NPR news Washington prosecutors will not be pressing charges against to. Minnesota police officers for shooting and killing, an African American man Last month yesterday authorities released bodycam video of the. Officers responding to a nine one one call of someone firing a gun into the air Minneapolis the video shows them. Approaching Thurman Blevins officer noticing a gun, on him, the suspect running away. And ignoring demands, to stop the tenant Bob crawl president of the Police Federation of Minneapolis Blevins fired is during the chase and. Of the officers were, justified and he had a message for. Elected officials who criticize the officers involved with the politicians will city and state in those currently running for office that. Condemn the police. Officers actions prior to any facts reverence you've done a disservice, to the communities you're. Supposed to represent we challenge you to take time to learn what exactly it takes to be a police. Officer if not you should resign from your positions or drop out of races but members of the community accused the officers of. Trying to find a reason to kill Blevins on, the video Blevins. Can, be, her telling, the officers not to shoot him and to leave him alone as he was being chased this is NPR news The owners and operators of a ride the ducks tourist boat or now facing a one hundred million dollar. Wrongful death lawsuit NPR's Windsor, Johnston reports this is the first of what will likely be. A wave of litigation following the deadly duck boat accident on a Missouri lake earlier this month the lawsuit, alleges the operators violated company policy by putting the emphasis vehicle. Into the water despite several weather warnings it also accuses the captain of violating protocol by not telling passengers to. Put on life jackets when the water about rough Robert Mongolia's e is a lead attorney in the case the duck. Boat industry did nothing Excelled except sell more. Tickets to paying customers and to continue to expose them it's harm and death seventeen people including several children were killed when, the boat capsized the findings of a. Federal investigation are, still pending Windsor Johnston NPR news It has been an especially rough day for a. Lot of motorists across Spain taxi drivers are. On strike hundreds of white taxis were left idle in the middle of Madrid's Paseo de LA a Yana some protesters blocked traffic when they set up their son loungers pullout snacks and beverages. Others played a little soccer in the street Barcelona was also. Among the major cities to feel the impact of the strike taxi drivers are outraged about, competition from, ride hailing services such as Uber that they, say is unfair to them this.
Fast-spreading California wildfire nears Yosemite park
"NewsRadio, nine twenty four seven FM good morning Monday July twenty third the start of a stretch of real. Muggy stuff unfortunately well some. People love this stuff but it's going to be oppressive until. Maybe first, day Friday at the latest before it breaks some morning showers. Today he's he's sunshine to follow, in sticky conditions high eighty to seventy three degrees right now. Fire crews and California's struggling to get hold of that wildfire that's threatening us seventy national. Park the Ferguson fire grew to over twenty thirty. Two thousand acres thirty two thousand acres this weekend and there's only six percent contained believe, it or not and it's burning just west of that park. Yosemite but it's, shut down a main road into the. Park as well as a, campground in the park, and that happened last week midweek park officials also warning visitors about the, air quality there, they say visited should expect limited visibility and should limit their outdoor activities this, fire jumped River. Burning in the national forest were massive wildfire burned. Back in two thousand thirteen the number of firefighters battling that inferno is now, past three thousand and they, just can't. Get, control of that fire that's threatening us seventy what. Only. Six, percent controlled three people drowned, at beaches in North Carolina due to dangerous rip currents so if you're going to the beach you know you better. Listen to the lifeguards to and listened carefully, here in the ocean state because we have, some serious, rip currents happening now to now North Carolina two of the deaths happened at separate. Beaches in Brunswick county and a third just miles north of New, Hanover county there was a, moderate rip current warning in place, for most of the. Coast of North Carolina over the weekend twenty, year, old man died after being swept away by a rip current off sunset beach at about two in. The afternoon on Saturday beachgoers. Did try to save him by performing CPR but unfortunately he. Was pronounced, dead at the hospital another man drowned at Holden beach in. North Carolina while Trying to help somebody get. Free from a rip current officials said there the other person was safely brought to shore third swimmer died at rights Phil beach around eleven. In the morning on Saturday lifeguards pulled the man out of the ocean, but he had already stopped. Breathing so fatal incidents happening at three, separate beaches, in North Carolina today US defense officials meet with defense officials from Australia in Palo Alto California here's FOX's Jessica Rosenthal Defense Secretary James Mattis and secretary of. State Mike Pompeo will host their Australian counterparts at Stanford University, doesn't look like they're any planned public events but the. State Department says the two countries have a lot to talk about governance encouraging private sector growth and trade especially now that the president has pulled us out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Australia considered a key ally is exempt from the steel and aluminum. Tariffs imposed on others including China but this discussion. Is also, largely focused on the military so discussion. Topics include security in the Indo Pacific region North Korea And the work both countries are. Doing in Iraq and Syria especially in combating. ISIS Jessica Rosenthal Fox News..
Mattis arrives in China; NKorea to be key topic of meetings
"Three fifteen on the two packs special order now secretary of defense james mattis is making another trip to the indo pacific region but this one includes a visit to china john clemens has more at visiting tutor for an air force bases in alaska mr mattis will be visiting china or the pentagon tells us will be meeting with several senior officials to exchange to gic perspectives while disgusting areas of mutual concern this was the first visit of a secretary of defense to china since two thousand fourteen then travels to south korea then concludes his trip june twentyninth in tokyo for usa radio news i'm john clemens a famous comedian has an emotional breakdown well issuing another apology for something that she tweeted and usa's chris barnes has the story i regret the are you kidding i've lost everything that's roseanne barr expressing regret as she breaks down during a podcast interview over the weekend over the racist tweet she sent out last month which led to the cancellation of her roseanne reboot by abc and i regretted it before i lost everything and i said to god i am willing to accept whatever consequences free bar saying she's lost everything and.
The Dragon in Our Midst
"New york yesterday says he believes they are contemplating denuclearizing that is not a commitment from north korea before you go into these talks the wall street journal reports discussions are underway for a possible summit between trump and russian president vladimir putin defense secretary james mattis has accused china of intimidation and coercion in the indo pacific during a speech in singapore make no mistake america's in the indo pacific to stay this is our priority theater are in chris and the regions are inextricably intertwined as mandatory evacuations were ordered for residents living in the path of the erupting killer way of al keen on hawaii's big island correspondent jim rupe reports there's more uncertainty the earlier concerns was rocks falling into the crater vent that would block it steam pressure would build and then a massive explosion would erupt a drone flyover confirms now the vent is blocked but vulcanologists kyle anderson says it's unclear if that means a massive explosion is imminent or this is the end of the eruption and we're still trying to determine what the significance is lots of activity below the volcano as lava flows continue their devastating crawl google workers had blasted project maven signing a petition to cancel it and renounce use of company technology and warfare google will now not renew pentagon contract i'm barton necker if you're eighty five or younger would.
Illinois passes Equal Rights Amendment, more than three decades after deadline
"Live from NPR news in Washington. I'm Barbara Kline President Trump travels to Houston today where he'll address political fundraiser, but as NPR's Mara Liasson reports I up the president meets with Santa Fe high school survivors, family members and community leaders nearly two weeks after a shooting rampage there. President Trump is planning to meet with the families of the victims of the school shooting at Santa Fe high school yesterday at the White House, press briefing and elementary school student visiting the White House asked, press secretary, Sarah Sanders. What the administration would do to prevent more shootings. He said he had a lockdown drill at his school and he and his classmates worried they could get shot at school. Sarah Sanders, the mother of three choked back emotion as she answered him as a kid. And certainly as a parent, there is nothing that could be more terrifying for a kid to go to school and not feel safe. So I'm sorry that you feel that way. This administration takes it. Seriously. Sanders said the today in Houston. The president will personally offer his condolences and support. Mara Liasson NPR news. The Whitehouse banks are getting a break from a landmark rule that was put in place after the two thousand eight financial crisis. It blocks banks from trying to make money with speculative investments, but as NPR's, Chris Arnold reports, the Federal Reserve is considering changing it. The Volcker rule basically says that bag shouldn't be making risky bets at the Wall Street casino since they might make bad bets and collapse the industry says, it's too cumbersome too hard to comply with though and needs revisions. But Wall Street watchdog groups are nervous. Marcus Stanley is with Americans for financial reform. He says the proposed changes, let banks off the hook for proving that they're not doing that risky trading. This is moving Volcker rule much more toward a. We'll take your word for it kind of role. Regulators, say the intent of the rule will stay in place, but they wanna make changes to make it easier to comply with and easier to enforce Chris. Arnold. NPR news Illinois has approved the equal rights amendment, the thirty seven state to ratify it thirty eight would need to approve it and the deadline for that with nineteen seventy nine. But Rachel lot well of member station w. I s. reports supporters aren't giving up the equal rights. Amendment is brief. It asserts that right should not be denied on account of sex. It passed out of congress in nineteen seventy two before going to the states for ratification ultimately falling short. But you are a supporter still wants states to ratify it in hopes of eventual adoption. One more state is needed, Nevada passed it last year. Virginia is on track to expand Medicaid to cover hundreds of thousands of low income residents. The state's Republican controlled Senate approved legislation yesterday and democratic governor Ralph north MS dune assignment in the coming days. Medicaid expansion was a keep vision of the Affordable Care Act. This is NPR. Dr. Zimbabwe says presidential and parliamentary elections will be held on July thirtieth. It'll be the first vote since President. Robert Mugabe was driven from power last year NPR's ofeibea Quist arcton reports the current president who took power after the coup is promising free and fair elections president Emmerson mnangagwa's election date, Brooklyn nation ends months of feverish speculation. The July thirtieth vote marks a major development in the post Mugabe. Mnangagwa's is pledging a transparent election and for the first time in more than a decade. International observers have been invited to monitor the vote in this new era of freedom and hope. Mnangagwa's tweeted, we welcome all our international partners to celebrate him. Bob win democracy in action repeatedly disputed elections under Robert Mugabe were mod by political violence and rigging and intimidation Zimbabweans now want a credit. Vote and a fresh start or Feb. equa, Stockton NPR news. The US Pacific command has a new name Defense Secretary. Jim Mattis says, it's now called you. US Indo Pacific command Mattis calls the name change a recognition of relationships with Indian and Pacific Ocean allies. Asian stocks recovered most of yesterday's sharp losses. Japan's Nikkei rose, eight tenths of a percent, Hong Kong's, Hang sang climbed one point, one percent and the Shanghai composite gained one point, eight percent. I'm Barbara Klein NPR news in Washington.
"indo pacific" Discussed on KQED Radio
"Administration's preferred phrase of the indo pacific region is also complaining about those steel tariffs to the trump administration has slapped on japan and trump himself made clear those tariffs while supposedly imposed for national security reasons or really just bargaining chip that he would be willing to drop if he could get a trade deal with japan scott there's been so much news lately about the investigation by special counsel robert muller did that come up at the news conference with president trump today the president was asked about that and whether he has decided it's just too politically risky to fire the special counsel or his justice department boss rod rosenstein trump didn't really answer that question directly instead he offered his usual defense that there was no collusion between his campaign and russia that the probe is a hoax he once again insisted no one's been tougher on russia than he has although he did not explain the administration's apparent backtracking in recent days on another round of russia's sanctions as npr's scott horsely speaking with us from west palm beach florida thank you scott good to be with you are president trump says mike pompeo would be one of the best secretaries of state but pompeo's nomination is hitting speed bumps in the senate he does not appear to have the votes in the foreign relations committee troubling sign even though republican leaders say they'll still let the full senate vote on pompeo let's hear now from one of those senators who oppose pompeo's confirmation new mexico senator tom udall he's a democrat on the senate foreign relations committee and he joins us from the capital thank you for being with us.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"Code of nuclear weapons program or in the south china sea on should've reassured people in india about that about the large strategic drivers of the relationship still being in place and for me that strategic congress between india and the us is as strong and the logic father relationship of this people might see it not see choose not to see it you know in order to gain some temporary negotiating advantage at any moment that spot of the game but for me at the strategic level i think the argument to take that relationship vote is as strong as it ever was and the kind of support that it has an india across the political spectrum israeli unprecedented i cannot think of time in the last fifty s when its head this kind of support we have to learn how to deal with this new situation in washington i think the deeper relationship the more friends we'll have in the more parts of the us will do directly with states with whichever institutions work with us with corp relations with whoever and i think we need to learn how to do that as india we need to upper game a bit so optimism but not euphoria seem to be the buzz words it is at a time when we see a lot of ups and downs relationship it has been a remarkably stable relationship on the us india side and thankfully missing from tweets and let's hope it continues that way thank you gentlemen four giving us this overview of the indo pacific but also us india relations china and south asia and southeast asian number of other topics you can follow josh and a massive amends weck at brookings dot edu can also follow them at twitter ambassador menin at chip shrunk and i'm going to spell that out because of the missing are in this s h i v s h a n k a m e n o n and josh is at joshua t white control me on twitter at zombie underscore madan as well thank you very much thanks.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"Provide a favorable balance of power in asia that holds but that said i think to some extent the assumptions that underpin that have eroded somewhat over the last year from the point of view of those looking here in washington and this may not be permanent but at least it is notable the first way that we see this being eroded are i think growing questions about what india can and will do as a net security provider in its region the premise here particularly in defense circles which has been a lot of the energy than the us india relationship has come from was that a more capable india or militarily capable india will be able to manage security in the wider indian ocean and on the proofread any notion and eventually have a security role beyond that and that's been the premise of radio investment in india i think in the last year or two we've seen the real questions about in ideas capital investments in its defense at a price which are quite low and not going up we've seen real concerns about india's ability to manage here in defense procurement process and we've seen india to some extent on the defensive in its own neighborhood in places like the maldives and nepal now these might be transitory these might be very surmountable kinds of challenges but they do raise questions here about the kind of india that's going to emerge on the back end of significant investment over the course of years or decades the other dynamic that is generated attention is on the trade side where the india have for a long time had a contentious relationship and tried to keep much of that contention behind closed doors it's now spilling out into the open in new ways and this goes across sectors from agriculture medical devices intellectual property services a whole range of issues the trump administration.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"So that is a big shift term limits i don't see that as changing chinese behavior right away josh strategic convergence china has been one of the drivers of the us india relationship though officials at least will never publicly say it in that way we've seen going to bush administration obama administration essentially frame it is that that india's rise american interests and deaf it should be supported and the kind of unstated messages that india just being india in of itself it doesn't necessarily have to do something for the us in the short term that would be nice that it's a long term investment that it will be by being democratic strong prosperous country serve as both a balanced but contrasting model to china urine to the trump administration there's a lot of uncertainty your goal so where do you think us india relations stand we are expecting a two plus two in mid april we'll see if sexual state designate mike pompeo's confirmed by then but we are expecting to us india two plus two ministerial level which means the defense and foreign ministers meeting with that count abouts here it's the only one of its kind that india has an says expected to be an annual dialogue but beyond that kind of what do you think the state of the us india relationship is today what do you think the challenges ahead for the two countries you mentioned the deep logic of the us india relationship at least over the last twenty years i think that continues to hold the view here in washington is that the united states will support india's rise facilitate india's rise not because india provides near term benefits to the united states it often provides some nearterm angst to the united states at least to the us bureaucracy but because over the longer term a prosperous capable democratic india helps.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"About this effort to get back on an even keel for the do countries or triangle and it's impossible at one side of the triangle contains no communication whatsoever whatever india does china's much less than what the us does with china so i mean that should reassure the us to certain extent but the fact is that india china relations of always now for many years at this combination of competition and cooperation at the same time and the precise balance between that has shifted depending partly on what china does but also india and its own definition of interest and both countries have grown so fast have redefined that interest so an expanded the definition their interest you asked about you know the removal of term limits on president she i'm not sure that everything we see is only personality driven some of the manner of its presentation perhaps but a lot of it predates twenty twelve when he came to and a lot of destruction to what china's undergoing right now internally and to the adjustment said she has to make she's innocence victim of our own success and i think in both china and india you've have leaderships were convinced that their future prosperity growth and security depends now on there being actively involved in shaping the world around and that was not true twenty years ago thirty years ago so that's a very different mindset and will lead to what we call an assertive china or maybe even in a sort of india to a much greater extent than we're used to in the past so i wouldn't see that as being something that necessarily is purely attached to prison xi jinping's own personality maybe it goes along with it certainly and he is the most outspoken advocate of china playing its role in the international society of china's a model for the first time in the nineteen th party congress for other developing countries to follow suit.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"That we share the kinds of like minded principles that we've talked about and i think that shift in orientation is significant because all of these countries in the quad will still say we're not doing this to contain china this is not about china but it is demonstrating on assertiveness and a view that we can no longer expect a kind of reciprocity and we're gonna act in our own interest to secure our own interests i think that's significant and i think that attitude will bleed into other domains of cooperation with the clawed and with likeminded countries in the coming year there's an interesting problem the most institute china displays the quote the more likely it is that other people who are so inclined choose to use the quote for the dealings with china so i'm not quite sure how far the chinese wanted to push their just handing lever to those who very what it about what china's doing in the region as in gives embassador to china note well xi jinping has announced his intention to continue beyond us to dump says this have implications that we should think about four it's external behavior some of the such of nece that josh has talked about it's preceded she but does it have implications for how it might behave abroad there's also been concern in the us in the bossed this is true of india's concern about the us as well as this question of some form of g2's india's been concerned that the us and china will strike a deal and it'll be left up but she too will have implications the us is concerned that india galley will be concerned about not doing certain things with the us says not provoked china and so india has recently indian china have not quite announced but seems to suggest that they're going to try to get their relationship back on an even keel there's been some kind of concern here that means india is going to put blinders on about chinese behavior how do you think we should think.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"Where would you say they fit in from a us perspective start with pakistan it is really remarkable the way in which the public debate in pakistan about china about its relationship with china about investments from china has shifted and become more overt over the last couple of years this doesn't mean that the lofty rhetoric the higher in the mountains leader than honey stuff has dissipated but it does mean that there's a debate in the english press and increasingly in the depress about the implications of chinese investments for pakistan for its financial health for the way in which ethnicities and ethnic groups in provinces are able to flourish and i think that is a healthy debate and it's one that has been catalyzed in part by pakistanis observing what happened in sri lanka and elsewhere now relationship but china is much closer much different than relaunches but i think it's been a healthy debate at the same time there is a quiet angst developing in china about the ways in which is increasingly going to be seen as pakistan's only remaining important friends in an environment in which the united states is distancing itself from pakistan and seeking various ways to isolate pakistan and the international community this is awkward for beijing it means that every time that pakistan needs someone to defend it in the security council it's going to be looking to china in ways that are increasingly uncomfortable for chinese leaders and i think that this is only gonna get more uncomfortable for beijing and it may eventually result in greater quiet pressure being put on pakistani leaders to be more responsible with respect to certain militant groups we'll see on that front you is a great question about ozzy on and i agree that the angst in south east asia.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"Buckets but it's not unlimited and let's see which ones china chooses to concentrate on and work with the ones that work for us and what about the other ones and see what we can do about the ones that don't promise return i think that's maybe the sort of with willett change the indo pacific and the situation in the industry i think we shouldn't start anticipating huge changes until we actually see these projects being undertaken on the ground you look at the for instance it's low hanging fruit which promise early returns which have actually been implemented some of the strategic ones but there's a lot chunk of that now seventy two billion dollars worth of investment which was promised which hasn't happened it josh she spent time working on pakistan as well how do you sense the current mood in pakistan on that china pakistan economic corridor came in with much promise we have hud some concerns recently from donny's about looking at the lunka example debt cetera and from the chinese on the security front have been a couple of series incidents recently so anything to say about that but also as we think about not just south asia but you've talked about gonna linking the south oak and of raising the line between south and southeast asia because that's what's happening on the ground both bureaucratically and conceptually here you and i were in singapore recently for a conference and we did hear concern from the kind of south east asian perspective by where they fit into the new pacific one could think of it as the hyphen in the novus if it's not possible without the southeast asians but there's concern about going to wear the fit in what about austin centrality cetera.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"Five six all done by china which i need money china manages some of those ps eighty three percent of what goes through the port is to from india we use it for transshipment now that for me is not a bad model china's spend some money china puts in the effort builds infrastructure which we get to us on the boat makes money in the port pays back whatever it has to but then china also built hunter which is less than one hundred miles away for the down the same coast dig port empty i mean nobody will go to madonna if you have colombo next door so it country the debt so then that debt is converted into equity now china owns the same that couldn't pay back the debt how does she justify to herself the only way you can justify then is by putting the navien or using it as a military port otherwise it doesn't make sense for me the watering part is the belt and road projects which have no economic justification internal rates of return which justify the effort and the investment and those are the pots i think that would cause the most concern glad for instance doesn't have any conomic justification it's too close to karachi into other parts you know through the gulf it's those kinds of investments which lead one to suspect that there are large parts of this initiative which strategic rather than all at least men to project china's geopolitical presence through the region rather than just being connected developmental generally a good thing because it's not that india objects to connected nation in fact we've been pushing for it trying to do some projects ourselves working with others japan now maybe with the us let's see but when you look at it in the larger context of the indo pacific it's an interesting fact that there is an infrastructure gap in terms of institutions through what used to be called the asia pacific that went japan tried at various stages dj government in two thousand nine and so on to the us which actually talked her out of it and said let's stick to the older institutions what we already have there is no asian infrastructure fund until the chinese so in a sense there is a gap that which china is feeling today but you know china also doesn't have it might have deep.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"From indian analysts and officials that the administration is seen as more forward leaning on things like navigation operations in the south china sea just much more consistent more explicit about the fact that great bowel competition is going to be a reality if not today in the future as well as kind of china's economic influence on that it's also been kind of more vocal about expressing concerns about the belt and road initiative which josh mentioned for india the concerns about the belt and india of course has its own collectively initiatives alone in collaboration with japan cetera the major concern has been in the south asian region some of these projects that china's been undertaking and perhaps one could think of it as it's not the china hasn't been involved in these countries but the scale and the kind of speed of chinese economic investment has been quite lodge in recent years how do you see china's role in southeast asia we've seen this disc gust out quite a bit of recent articles about shoot a which way these countries are going to a line in the future what are the concerns that india has about chinese economic involvement in the region and what can india do about it india i think the initial reaction to the benton road and on was also conditioned by the fact that the pakistan china economic kado runs through indian territory or what's keeping bypass them in kush meat and therefore represents chinese investment in a stake in maintaining sunny control over that territory which india regards its own so this is a sovereignty problem and that i think is the hard core of the indian objection to the and now the other parts of the benneton road initiative quite frankly china has been involved in infrastructure and in trade investment in south asia for a long time this is not a new phenomenon the watering part is when are investments which don't make economic sense all contribute economic development or create a debt trap and so on and i like to use example she lanka colombo port expansions.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"Talked about now decide of the concept is men laid out we understand it the ends have been paid out you talked about going to going from a brand to the strategy to the operational side what would you like to see what have you seen the administration already do apps layout and where would you think that more needs to be done in terms of mechanisms but also kind of coordinated action etc it's a great question before i got into the foreign policy business i worked in software development actually and there's a terminus offer development called vaporware which is when a company announces the next version of their product far in advance and then the product never quite a rise or it never arrives as advertised there's certainly a risk here of vaporware and the benefits of vaporware for a company is that you can try to retain your market share until you roll out actual substance so it could be defensive it can get other players on board but it also has reputational costs so in this case there's now a very compelling brand at least in the united states point of view with very strong set of partners but the follow through is quite significant i think there are a couple of domains that are under discussion for breen substance to the brand one is in the maritime space in here it's not entirely clear what the wider frame is the avesta refers to get you in the maritime space that thinking more narrowly about south asia southeast asia northeast asia doesn't they're already platforms for cooperation malibu exercise has had a number of of these countries involved there already efforts at interoperability i think we could see more in that space but the united states from its perspective looking at the defense environment is still largely focused on east asia and southeast asia and the indian ocean is a transit environment more than anything else in our cooperation exercises happen in transit from the middle east over to east asia the united states also has to think about the fact that any greater engagement on multilateral or mini lateral exercises may take away from us india bilateral exercises because of the capacity constraints within the indian system the second domain where i think people are giving this some thought on the investment side.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"Men in usa does india national security advisor between twenty and twenty fourteen and prior to that between two thousand six two thousand nine is in uniform secretary this was the time when we heard japanese prime minister shinzo ambi talk about the confluence of washes we heard then secretary of state hillary clinton used the term indo pacific as well as well as goal foon do took an activist which the dumb that's been embraced now by the modique of minute india you express when you were an office i'm skepticism about the practicality of the dumb indo pacific the region into pacific today how do you see the concept both in intellectual and operational terms and the reasons for your skepticism then do they still continue today i think what's happened is that frankly the term seems to mean different things to different people depending on when you talk to them where you talk to them my own initial skepticism about it was frankly it's useful in a homeless conceptual census josh said because it's true matter time security cont p broken down into little bits and pieces yukon secure the indian ocean but not the you know china or the western pacific and so on but the fact is that these of three very different bodies of water the geography is different their security needs very different western pacific is fundamentally a us lake it's dominated by the us by us navy seized neo china have changed their nature the closed job graphically their own if you points and it's hemmed in by the first island chain and there's a new few points of ingress nate gris and china has tried over time to convert certain how china india chinese league the indian ocean has always had no jog raphy as about ten chokepoints around nobody ever in history has managed to control all ten at the same time not even the british and the royal navy at its height so this.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"Vely and the obama administration we had internal debates about whether the rebalance included india whether it included south asia broadly and the awkward consensus after a period of time was that it included india but not really the indian ocean and this was in part due to bureaucratic turf battles and concerns about resources and so forth but you know where we ended up was the rebalance sort of went to me and mar hopped over the bay of bengal included india so this is i think a good brand at this point it's mostly a brand and we can talk more about what it might become third i think the pacific is a helpful shorthand for the somewhat larger phrase the free and open indo pacific which refers largely to set of shared principles held by like minded countries the united states india japan australia and others that alludes primarily to two different kinds of sets of notes one set of maritime norms related to freedom of navigation gatien the law of the sea things that have been challenged by china in the south china sea and also where and second set of investment norms that relate to transparency debt sustainability environmental protection sovereignty in the localization of investment these are the sort of norms that japan has propagated that india's taken up in the united states has accepted so in those three frames we have a phrase that is operatives of where we are intellectually where we are from a branding perspective if you will and where we are substantively and thinking about the kind of values that we share and how they're implemented.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"As well as an associate professor at the johns hopkins school of advanced international studies josh will start with you you served in the obama administration as director for south asian affairs at the national security council as well as before that as a senior adviser vision and pacific security affairs in the office of the secretary of defense during the obama administration you used the dumb asia pacific and indian ocean regions and dod us to use the rather unwieldy indo asia pacific so now we're at this indo pacific stage what is it and why is the administration as well as leaders in the region wire they using it and talking about this term thanks tonnerre it's good to be with you today i think we can all be grateful that we have decisively dispensed with the indo asia pacific and move to something of it more cover hannibal when i think about the end of pacific i think about it in three different ways i think about it i conceptually as a way of recognizing that asia is no longer separated into spheres south asia southeast asia east asia and there's growing activity among those subregions and it's taken us a while to get to this place conceptually but i think that china's belt and road india's look east and then act east growing economic integration and even the political transitions in myanmar stunted us they are have all contributed to view here in washington that we need to think about asia more holistically and the end of pacific is a perfectly reasonable moniker for doing so it's a framework for doing so second i think the indo pacific for this ministration is a brand to replace the rebalance because everyone needs a brand and in this particular case i think it does something that we weren't able to do in the obama administration which is to present a view of a return focus on asia in a way that integrates the role of india and the wider indian ocean region comprehend.
"indo pacific" Discussed on Intersections
"Welcome to intersect part of the brookings podcast network i'm your host adriana pita with today's special guest tom fema john fellow and director of india project here at brookings she's gonna be interviewing shivshankar menon to spell in foreign policy and joshua white nonresident mellow foreign policy brookings as they examined the picture of economic and political cooperation and competition across the broader region and breaking down how the us at least has commonly on the regional distinctions between east asia southeast asia and south asia felli taking a particular focus on china india's expanding influence in the region and what happens where the intersect i'm your host foot today's episode madan fellow into foreign policy program and director of the india project we've heard a lot about the term indo pacific lately this idea of the indian ocean and pacific ocean spaces being connected and almost thinking about it as one broad space we've heard this in newspapers and articles but also from president trump who's hailed the idea and from the chinese foreign minister recently who dismissed the concept so what is the indo pacific as both a concept and a strategy what is it not where do things stand between the us and india two of what former secretary of state rex tillerson called demcratic anchors of the indo pacific region and what is this quad thing that everybody keeps talking about this quadrilateral involving not just india and the us but austrailia in japan as well to discuss this we have with us ambassador shift shankar menon distinguished fellow at brookings and dr joshua white nonresident fellow brookings.