20 Episode results for "Indies"
The Dark History of Maine's Harbor Island
"The calendar islands the islands we see today but once mountains until they were drowned by a sea of melting ice while all the islands of felt nature's wrath one tragic story of Man's inhumanity began here on harbor island in seventeen ninety four Benjamin Darling a former slave from the West indies bought this island with the money money he was given for saving his master's life in shipwreck. He called it horse island over generations his descendants settled on the nearby island of Mallaig where they intermarried with whites and eked out a living living from the sea after the civil war suspicion of the mixed race community grew newspaper articles called it a blight on otherwise picturesque. I'll in nineteen twelve a sad chapter of the state's history. The government decided Malagueta was an embarrassment. The state committed eight people to the main school for the feeble minded and evicted the rest the even destroy the island cemetery.
"Hello and welcome to its cricket, you. My name is Hamid and I'm here with the very latest episode of this podcast up got Bodmer Hud. Swaggart is latest episode me. I combat and bought site cricketing. Cooking News. Gibbons bought sorry updates. America's have a lot of news up. Upcoming matches and whatnot, so let's begin with the historic tour of West. INDIES coming. Do England a beauty to Q. Historic am which are Cool Botanic Caesar Rodney because right now as we know that all the major cricketing action is temporarily shut down, so this will be acting like a blueprint for all the upcoming tools all the upcoming matches, and for somebody's in England, decided to start with the longest format of the game now if I was in, please I will be a bit hesitant and started off with something as small as twenty then gradually moved up to. And then test matches, but it's England in summer. It's their choice, so went ahead with this whole England West. INDIES are of the test matches which was, should you originally by the way between four and twenty nine of June they have now postponed it, and the first match will begin from eight of July. Yes, that's correct. From first match will be issued from eight of July which will be played in the city of Manchester. The team of West indies have already arrived in. In England just aside no do here that they were tested for Covid nineteen or sub be negative Nikolay. which is a great news now they'll be tested again today. For in England for this end on that Israel's be expected also to dictate hopefully, hopefully, everything is normal. Everything goes as planned now. This will have embarked on all of the upcoming tours. Inland is running on so just to give you an idea. England. Give coming towards what Pakistan they Australia guests at the All England. Though not not me or England manually him all this. Because of this long summer of England, it is a really good place. I feel to start off another good news, which England is expected to do during the course of these measures. Is that they are planning on wearing blue bands brew armbands, which will be a guest. You're in sort of support towards the national health workers, which is a great great great initiative I feel talking about Great Initiative Draws Butler, had auctioned off his shirt. I remember doing Somebody's a rich vent for of whooping more than sixty five thousand euros. That is also I. Feel is a great gesture, and this sort of good deeds require doing such tough times, but they have West indies team Caillebotte me to do about it. Clarion catered. Geoghan jokey key shown had Meyer or Darren Bravo one he killing a they had some concerns with this because of this whole covid, nineteen situation a while the other players to concern, but that they decided to come to come on the store while these players stayed back. Ok, so above but good. The healthcare venues caillebotte me D- ECB has claimed their day on on track with preparing for this tour. They have prepared the most secure venues, and they are termed it as bio. Secure venues there will obviously be no spectators, and all of these matches will be played behind closed doors, speaking of Bio secured venues dispersed. That they mentioned while they were on a confidence vote there other stakeholders beams, and took two in walk some confidence in them to tour England Yuki So while we are on this topic of the upcoming tours with England. There is another team which is waiting to start their cricketing term. could getting summer, which is island island unfortunately had to cancel or had to postpone many tours including that with Bangladesh. Pakistan and New Zealand because of the current Situation Abi after hearing from. The England Cricket Board any bill. Bernie bought confident take. cording to him, England could get bored is having everything under control and things looked to be very confident. So hopefully this were goes very good, because it is important to have a good blueprint for the upcoming cricketing matches and upcoming cricketing, basically to invoke some confidence in all of the players that are looking out to Gobert undefeated and play right now it is very unchartered territory like things have happened in football over Jim. Germany led the. hopefully England is leading the we in setting up some guidelines standards across for the upcoming matches. Now let's go to some changes that have been approved by ICC with respect to playing matches in current conditions. The first major gene Jovic have been approved is off a player substitute now. Isis, he has approved the use of substitute. If player show some Covid, nineteen system of symptoms, excuse me, but only in test matches now. This doesn't apply for the. T- twenties, and or the is but in in all investment is like the way we have for. Concussion subway! We have all seen concussions similarly, we will also have covid nineteen up. That have been passed us of saliva on balls have been bend, so no player noblest can use their saliva anymore to bring some shine to the ball. Joe Players who they will have to use. Basically managed by their sweat or something so so initially. The ICE recommended to easier to ease into it because the players won't be used this new new rules right to kill it toward a difficult Hoeger should want me own issued. What mature a lightly legally. Jackie do on Amazon gift. I got woke a sequel. Pay Up nozzle that were they to be. warned dense can again they will be warned after two warnings there will be the third one will cost penalty of five hundred to the abetting team. Then there is also a wonderful women which was necessary. Before today was that requirement for neutral. This won't be required anymore. going forward for the first time in the testament that will be played on a of July for the first time since two thousand and two, there will be no neutral empires. In fact, the buyers will be locally based to in order to avoid the impact of the bias. If there is any the Isis is also approved an additional review per innings, so hurt s mega hud innings mateen reviews of Hongi Donald. Team School, or not twenties, or as me to reviews will be available per innings on a good match dot, unquote conduct issue. To this will be dealt with by Isis, cricketing operations department neutral match. Every is a youth. AGO will jokey available. Kia Jagger while video confidence, and he will be deciding chillier birthday accurate. Pick your jokey dense emmy awards. So dense emmy had come out on instagram recently, and he said he was used to being called one word that is. All in Kucha Potala, Calica meaning gearhead to, he was very much offended by it, and he he basically, it's got to know through some Hajj. The famous US stand up comedian. All one seven goes come model, but Dutch allow tone Kabbah. Discount viewer to own unique Yucky WHOA instagram. Be Butchered Gelmini all with Maha. Key A girl. I I'll be messaging those people. You guys know who you are. I must admit at the time in which I was being called. I did not know what it meant I. thought it meant something, strong stellion, or whatever it is I I so no problems with it because I was ignoring the fact of what it meant I thought. Thought it meant something else something uplifting. He has also demanded apologies. Meanwhile it has come to Ford for, and that was one image on the Yvonne Chairman's Instagram, which had the these players which were deal stain. Then there was of himself initial command and semi on this yet written and the nicknames in which he had specifically mentioned. Belen semi s Gallo so dense. emmys quite upset with this, and he is seeking for apologies of all all those who are enrolled years of what Johnson Risers Hyderabad Killick Hillary, those data to other charter me, so this was all from me for today's episode. Hopefully hopefully I, get to see you soon. Have a great cricketing day.
72: Everything about World Test Championship
"Hubs hopper originals. Hello and welcome to eighths crooked chew. My name is hamid and i'm back with the very latest episode of this podcast. I'll combat cannella. Hey eh in the national best jam kinship. Yes that's championship. Kubota me many the off our listeners have asked questions with respect to the new fresh limited and upcoming desk championship which is by the we gonna start from first off august vict- the ashes on but it became up to c._d.'s vest indies gear against the one that also will be a part of the test championship so to discuss about this and a lot more. I have it me mr sale jake in the studio dude. You're welcome style so start off. What exactly is world test championship so basically you. You're there will be nine participating teams of the top rank nine test teams which will be participating in this world test championship <hes> the teams that are into twelve full member teams who currently played matches the teams which have been excluded are zimbabwe for the <unk> obvious reasons they were suspended recently and <hes> as i have heard it they were they have not they had not been included before two of ghanistan and orland <hes> they have just been given that test data so are they have not been included in this <hes> in this edition this test championship kinship is a two year cycle. It is like the million other twenty leagues are there only thing is that any t twenty league almost gets over within a timeframe of one to two months. This will get over in two years so busily how this will play out is that every team ville have three home cds and three avi c._d.'s it'd be india hips exemple it india whom whom cities <unk> <hes> home sees are against bangladesh and and so against england australia so they re playing against the teams <hes> yet these are the goal final home cities are to the end of the twenty minutes at the end of the doorman which in greenwich twenty one so we have india will have a good advantage uh when when it will win the tournament will be will will be knowing exactly who stands where and which are the obesity which india hemp it will start windfall from august third which will be western east tour then again <hes> things a newsletter and when i can't remember an australia i think so yeah so so this this other three vehicles visually from august third of regret ninety rented twenty twenty so these saudi three home homes it is he'll mentioned when against bangladesh and then also against australia australia right <hes> against england i believe so so there are some good tools to watch out but the things will start off with india against west indies. Which should you to start from third off august. That is why many many many of the people were raising eyebrows when we're at columbus named as a part of that west indies tour actually what happened opened is that this sins part of world championship. It was vise of b._c._c._i. To include him a part of this as it gives much more weightage each who they're talking about teach you might wonder how and what is the point system and guess who how so <hes> will teams replaced in appoint able well this. Is your things get a little bit of <hes> complicated so this david me on this now for example india will be playing west indies in a cds which will be headed invested indies so that total cities will have a weightage of hundred and twenty points <hes> the cds consist of only two matches so each match will have a great age of sixty points joins then <hes> if if suppose india vince then they will get sixty points and if this season's and they will get sixty points what if the match is drawn. If the magistrates draw then the winning the border teams will get one third of the winning points which means in this case is a sixty points is the vinnie <hes> winning point of winning point target so one person comes to somewhere on fifteenpoints points. I believe right so i'm sorry yeah twenty twenty points i believe so it will come to twenty points. If the test match gets drawn so both teams india as various louis indies we'll give green tea points each if if and then the match gets di di is if the teams end up having the same school <hes> <hes> yeah it is very much unlikely but then again we had a world cup final which go went to the very unlikely limits of <hes> detesting so they have. I kept this rule when the medicaid sty and buddha teams end up having the same school at the at the end of all the five days play then the points will be getting getting divided equally between the two teams which in this case india will get thirty while west indies will get thirty <hes> all all the cds as an oklahoma. A team will have three home. Series and obesity is all the two cities can have a minimum of two matches and maximum of five matches in a single cds. He's so what happens vinci's when a team has five medicine well. Let's take an example of ashes so ashes of the starting from august. I i with england will play against australia. Then a five test matches scheduled to be played under under this world test championship. Now all these five test matches will be having an equal weightage of points which means one hundred and twenty divide by five don't do them at. I'm here for that. It's twenty four per match. So if a team wins they will get twenty four men and four points and if the if the match ends up in a draw then it will give around eight points burr match <hes> so so much for complications but i dink it will be voted at the end. What are your views on this new form inside. It's exciting america has been coming for. Did there have been blending for this format for years. Now finally coming into when giving desmet anew prospective there hasn't been any big griffey's order such isis trophies test championships for long run it is the longest entities been played <hes> since eighteen in century or so but that hasn't been such an improvement so it is good to see <hes> such initiative which has been digging in place of the defer thrown out champions trophy three who make place for these tournaments so it's a good initiative in skip test matches alive. It's died now. Not all about <hes> t twenty the end the shorter form editor i._c._c.'s thinking of it's very encouraging a right to think <hes> to see that icy is also thinking about <hes> reviving having the test match sort of because in owe us a c._d. Since it was a longer format and then matches didn't had any larger picture apart from the test rankings things this will show this. This might actually help and give it a fresh new lease of life. There's of course they have been crying on. There have been putting so many different in route in test matches such as diarra there have been trying to make it more exciting for viewers especially where the crooked is not that much famous so i think this will be another on this will be a big plus on <hes> because in the end <hes> this all the matches have been played from the start till the end of the tournament and so did a good initiative to make this again as i said mezuza live again and also the small teams who usually suffer for because of the less amount of viewership and all those criteria i think some somewhere down the line since you know for example as an indian indian vivo we will also be interested in which is going on as a part of this championship and how it bends out for india so that will <hes> modeste is <hes> i think will increase also the viewership of the smaller nations desmet is of course <hes> before when it has a player only all the countries which were playing which are involved <hes> had had we worship who was the msci spirit that has midges if not as already so now <hes> towards the end of the momentum will be other teams also watching other teams <hes> b- fans also will be watching <hes> so there howard how the medicine and so and how their own respect your home teams <hes> stand wendo was matches <hes> and or on which positions they end up yes so now now you might be having <hes> questions about the finals or semi finals and how of inova decided added so this is how it will be decided in two thousand and twenty one. Yes two years from now in the month of june. There will be a final headed. The top two teams placed into tom down points table. Excuse me in the points table villeplee that final now since this. This is a test match. That is a high chance of it getting a draw now obama. If it is draw then you tend to the the trophy will be shared between the two teams. Do you think it's fair. Style will be shared between the two teams there. There's there's a sixty day. I guess so that <hes> yeah we'll come back to that sixty but if the smell gets draw after playing ninety overs each day for five days then the trophy will be shared so do you think it's fair to do that. I don't think it is fair because they're not only playing ninety overs for east your choir days dubin playing with his men for two years also not only for them won't be also fair for those of us who have ever spend your time and you and much of dedication asian to test cricket which has been brought alive after this tournament so it would be unfair for all of them if goes draw and there's no definitive yes even i taught so when i read and it's quite a big of obama i hope is is. He does something about it now. What's i was mentioning about. The sixty well that that is reserved d now that is reserved d is kept for in case if the amount of play richest bishop dude in particular day which datum as six hours per day so forgetting about all technical dumb basically ago ivanka put academny wa ninety find yours did not complete the shadow or <hes> amount of words which have been scheduled for that particular day due to rain on any other interruptions den debt many number of amount of hours will be played on d._v._d.'s of the so that a total of thirty hours of cricket play will be completed so that is the only thing which has in the which which is <hes> there for that is of the apart from that <hes> in in terms of draw well these days there are less than but of draws which happening but even then it event even then there is a slightest possibility that assessment might go into a draw which will quite be very much disappointment for viewers especially who are watching for two <hes> consecutive years and have dedicated so much of dime towards one cause me this is. This is what i what i think is. This is just a i i appreciate of it and in the coming attractions you might get to z. Alert many improvements as of course but still <hes> impression is the last impression if you are getting not getting out of entity renamed the event itself so it will impact badly for the tournament and its additions to come so i think i should do something about it. <hes> maybe be make a data limited <hes> s match <hes> in the end which will be held. The finance between delimited east has oughta. Maybe had a have a sees three matt cds between the two top teams that goes if it if they're given days ago. Pessimistic <unk> things becomes a long ornament in the end just to find out side. One guest is things are good but if you wanted to do and i think they should be made a limited series major gear at least two extra days i don't think seventies anyone be playing <hes> in modern modern times <hes> to be honest all right then so any final views about the elitist championship but you have to share of course <hes> has it has to be a starts from april. I would better to start sorry august. I what better cities to start then as she's really looking forward to that and then of course they indian new-look indian cities with dementia so this is this the disabled cities to start with <hes> to start a distorted men especially the ashes. We're really looking forward to it with five messes and admits it three messages so everything getting flavored from the start so hope so it goes and it ends up as everyone is hoping it will so thank thank you sign up for joining in <hes> today's episode and channing your view about world test championship and listeners if you want to find out more details details about which tournament and what are the cities that have will be played <hes> between all the teams then do check it out on on our twitter. The handle also make sure to follow us on twitter. Our twitter i._d. Is edited. It's cricket show if you want to email any questions and now feature sure in the listener question special episode this no question special episode. You got to e mail me at its homage shake at the rate. Jimmy dot dot com. Let me repeat that. It's ideas h. E. m. i. d. s._a._g. I guess at the rate chiel dot com so i i have been back from the vacation which took from podcasting for some time in order to <hes> extended period of podcasting during the cricket world cup and also you know some sort of appeal issues here and there <hes> i am still on vacation will be back as soon as the cricket resumes from ashes which means for now the episode will still be irregular. It will be regular after the ashes begin. Hopefully so the watch out your feed on pogo dot com and give please subscribe to our show as well or by the way there have been new feature turn to us by hubbard team in which you can leave a comment and began then <hes> view the comment it will help us improving our show <hes> hopefully positive comments but if you have any negative things of which you want to tell a go ahead <hes> we will try to improve yourself from your <hes> comments. It's and always strive to cart towards it so this is humming. Jake signing off from today's episode have a great cricketing day me.
The Wealth of Nations (Bk 4, Cpt 7), by Adam Smith
"Chapter seven part of the wealth of nations book for this is a liberal vox recording all libra vox recordings are in the public domain for more information or to volunteer. Please visit. Liberal Vox Dot Org Recording by Stephen. F. Lara. The wealth of nations by Adam. Smith. Luke. For Chapter Seven part. Of. Colonies. Part one of the motives for establishing new colonies. The interest, which occasioned the first settlement of the different European colonies in America and the West indies was not altogether. So plane and distinct as that which directed the establishment of those of ancient Greece and Rome. All the different states of ancient Greece possessed each of them, but a very small territory and win the people in any one of them multiplied beyond what that territory could easily maintain a part of them were sent inquest of new habitation and some remote and distant part of the world. The warlike neighbors who surrounded them on all sides, rendering it difficult for any of them to enlarge. Its Territory at home. The colonies of the door INS resorted chiefly to Italy and Sicily, which in the Times preceding the foundation of Rome were inhabited by Barbara's and uncivilized nations. Those of the Ionians and aliens the two other great tribes of the Greeks to Asia minor and the islands of the Agency of which the inhabitants sewn at that time to have been pretty much in the same state as those of Sicily, and Italy. The mother city though she considered the colony as a child at all times entitled to. Great. Favor and assistance and owing return much gratitude and respect yet considered as an emancipated child over home she pretended to claim no direct authority or jurisdiction. The colony settled its own form of government enacted its own malls elected its own magistrates and made peace or war with its neighbors as an independent state which had no occasion to wait for the approbation or consent of the mother city. Nothing can be more plane and distinct than the interest which directed every such establishment. Room. Like most of the other ancient republics was originally founded upon an agrarian law, which divided the public territory in a certain proportion among the different citizens who composed the state. The course of human affairs by marriage by succession and by alienating necessarily deranged this original division and frequently through the lands which had been allotted for the maintenance of many different families into the possession of a single person. To remedy, this disorder for such was supposed to be a law was made restricting the quantity of land which any citizen could possess to five hundred Aguirre about three hundred and fifty English acres. This law however though we read of its having been executed upon one or two occasions was either neglected or evaded, and the inequality of fortunes went on continually increasing. The greater part of the citizens had no land and without it the manners and customs of those times rendered it difficult for a free man to maintain his independence eighty. In the present times though a poor man has no land of his own. If he has a little stock, he may either farm the lands of another or he may carry on some little retail trade. and. If he has no stock, he may find employment either as a country labor or as an artificial. But among the Romans, the lands of the rich were all cultivated. Who Rot under an overseer who has likewise a slave so that a poor freeman had little chance of being employed either as a farmer or as a labor. All Trades and manufacturers to even the retail trade were carried on by the slaves of the rich for the benefit of their masters, whose wealth authority and protection made it difficult for poor Freeman, to maintain the competition against them. The citizens? Therefore who had no land had scarce any other means of subsistence but the bounties of the candidates at the annual elections The Tribune's when they had a mind to animate the people against the rich and the great put them in mind the ancient divisions of lands and represented that law which restricted this sort of private property as the Fundamental Law of the republic. The. People became clamorous to get land and the rich, and the great we believe were perfectly determined not to give the mini part of there's. To satisfy them in some measure, therefore, they frequently propose to send out a new colony. But conquering? Rome. was even upon such occasions under no necessity, turning out her citizens to seek their fortune if one might say so through the wide world without knowing where they were to settle. She assigned them lands generally in the conquered provinces of Italy where being within the Dominion of the Republic they can never form any independent state, but we're at best but I sort of corporation which though it had the power of enacting bylaws for its own government was at all times subject to the Correction Jurisdiction and legislative authority of the mother city. The, sending out of a colony of this kind not only gave some satisfaction to the people, but often established a sort of garrison to and in newly conquered province of which the obedience might otherwise have been doubtful. A Roman colony, therefore whether we consider the nature of the establishment itself or the motives for making it was altogether different from Greek one. The words accordingly, which in the original languages denote those different establishments have very different meanings. The Latin Word Colonia signifies simply a plantation. The. Greek. Word up KIA on the contrary signifies separation of dwelling a departure from home a going out of the house. But. Though the Roman colonies were in many respects different from the Greek ones the interest which prompted to establish them was equally plane and distinct both institutions derive their origin either from irresistible necessity or from clear and evident utility. stablishment of the European colonies in America and the West indies arose from no necessity and though the utility which has resulted from them has been very great. It is not altogether so clear and evident. It was not understood at their first establishment and was not the motive, either of that establishment or of the discoveries which gave occasion to it, and the nature extent and limits of that utility are not perhaps well understood at this day. The Venetians during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries carried on a very advantageous commerce in Sary's and other east India guns which they distributed among the other nations of Europe. They purchase them chiefly in Egypt at that time under the dominion of the Mamelukes, the enemies of the Turks of whom the Venetians were, the enemies and this union of interest assisted by the money of Venice formed such a connection as gave the Venetians almost a monopoly of the trade. The great prophets of the Venetians tempted the avidity of the Portuguese. They had been endeavouring during the course of the Fifteenth Century to find out by C. Away to the countries from which the Moore's brought them ivory and gold dust across the desert. They discovered the Madeira. Canaries the as yours the Cape Divert islands the coast of Guinea that of Lonzo Congo Angola and Benguela, and finally the Cape of good. Hope. They had long wished to share and the profitable traffic of the Venetians and this last discovery open to them a probable prospect of doing so. In Fourteen Ninety Seven Vasco da Gama sail from the port of has been with a fleet of four ships and after a navigation of eleven months arrived upon the coast of India Stan and thus completed a course of discoveries which had been pursued with great steadiness and with very little interruption for near a century together. Some years before this while the expectations of European. Suspense about the projects of the Portuguese of which the success appeared yet to be doubtful a genuine pilot form the yet more daring project of sailing to the East indies by the West. The situation of those countries was at that time very imperfectly known in Europe. The few European travelers who had been there had magnified the distance perhaps through simplicity in ignorance what was really very great appearing almost infinite to those who could not measure it or perhaps in order to increase somewhat more the marvelous of their own adventures in visiting region. So immensely remote from Europe. The longer the way was by the East Columbus very justly concluded, the shorter would be by the West. He proposed therefore to take that way as both the shortest and the surest, and he had the good fortune to convince Isabella of Casteel of the probability of his project. He sailed from the port of Palos. In August fourteen, ninety, two near five years before the expedition of Vasco da Gama set out from Portugal and after a voyage of between two and three months discovered I some of the small Bahama or Lucian Islands and afterwards the great island of Saint Domingo. But the countries which Columbus discovered either in this or any of his subsequent voyages had no resemblance to those which he had gone in quest of. Instead of the wealth cultivation and populous of China and India Stan he found in Saint Domingo and and all the other parts of the world which he had ever visited nothing but a country quite covered with would. Call to voted and inhabited only by some tribes of naked miserable savages. He was not very willing however to believe that they were not the same with some of the country's described by Marco Polo the first European who had visited or at least had left behind him. Any description of China or the East indies and a very slight resemblance such as that which he found between the name of Sabo a mountain insane the mingle and that of sippy mentioned by Marco Polo was frequently sufficient to make him return to this favorite pre possession though contrary to the clearest evidence. In his letters to Ferdinand and Isabella. He called the countries which he had discovered the indies. He entertained no doubt. But that they were the extremity of those which had been described by Marco Polo and that they were not very distant from the Ganges or from the countries which had been conquered by Alexander. Even when at last convinced that they were different, he still flattered himself that those rich countries were at no great distance and subsequent voyage accordingly went and quest of them along the coast of terror Firma and towards the isthmus of Darien. In consequence of this mistake of Columbus the name of the indies has stuck to those unfortunate companies ever since and when it was at last, clearly discovered that the new altogether different from the old indies, the former were called the West in contradistinction to the latter, which recalled the East indies. It was of importance to Columbus however that the countries which he had discovered, whatever they were should be represented to the court of Spain as a very great consequence and in what constitutes the real riches of every country, the animal and vegetable productions of the soil. There was at that time nothing, which could well justify such a representation of them. The Corey something between a rat and a rabbit and supposed by Mr. Boffon to be the same with the area of Brazil was the largest VIP Paris quadrupeds in Saint Domingo. This species seems never to have been very numerous and the dogs and cats of the Spaniards are said to have long ago almost entirely extirpated it as well as some other tribes of a still smaller size. These however together with a pretty large lizard called the Ivana or Iguana constituted the principal part of the animal food which the land afforded. The vegetable food of the inhabitants though from their want of industry, not very abundant was not altogether so scanty. It consisted in Indian corn yams potatoes bananas. Plants which were then altogether unknown in Europe, and which have never since been very much esteemed in it or supposed to yield assessments equal to what has drawn from the common sorts of grain impulse which have been cultivated in this part of the world time out of mind. The cotton plant indeed afforded the material of a very important manufacturer and was at that time to Europeans undoubtedly the most valuable of all the vegetable productions of those islands. But though in the end of the fifteenth century, the Muslims and other cotton goods of the East indies were much esteemed in every part of Europe the cotton manufacturer itself was not cultivated in any part of it. Even this production therefore could not at that time appear in the eyes of Europeans to be very great consequence. Finding nothing either in the animals or vegetables of the newly discovered countries, which could justify a very advantageous representation of them. Columbus. Turned his view towards their minerals and in the richness of their productions of this third kingdom he flattered himself he had found a full compensation for the insignificant those of the other to. The little bits of gold with which the inhabitants ornamented their dress and which he was informed they frequently found in the rivulets and Torrance which fell from the mountains were sufficient to satisfy him that those mountains abounded with the richest goldmines. Saint Domingo therefore was represented as a country. With. And upon that account according to the prejudices, not only of the present times. But of those times an inexhaustible source of real wealth to the crown and Kingdom of Spain. Win Columbus upon his return from his first voyage was introduced with a sort of triumphal honours to the sovereigns of Casteel Aragon. The principal productions of the countries which he had discovered were carried in solemn procession before him. The only valuable part of them consisted in some little fillets, bracelets and other ornaments of gold, and then some bills of cotton. The rest were mere of vulgar wonder and curiosity some reeds of an extraordinary size some birds very beautiful plummet, and some stuffed skins of the huge gator and Minniti, all of which were preceded by six or seven other wretched natives who send your color and appearance added greatly to the novelty of the show. In consequence of the representations of Columbus. The Council of Castilla determined to take possession of the countries of which the inhabitants were plainly and capable of defending themselves. The pious purpose of converting them to Christianity sanctified the injustice of the project. But the hope of finding treasures of gold there was the sole motive prompted to undertake it and to give this mode the greater weight it was proposed by Columbus that the half of all the gold and silver that should be found there should belong to the crown. This proposal was approved of by the council. As long as the whole or the greater part of the goal which the first adventure is imported into Europe was got by. So very easy a method as the plundering the defenseless natives it was not perhaps very difficult to pay even this heavy tax. But when the natives were once fairly stripped of all that they had which in Saint Domingo and all the other countries discovered by Columbus done completely in six or eight years and win in order to find more, it had become necessary to dig for it in the minds. There was no longer any possibility of paying this tax. The exemption of it accordingly. First occasion it is said the total abandoning of the minds of Saint Domingo which have never been wrought since. It was soon reduced therefore to a third then to a fifth afterwards to a tenth and at last to a twentieth part of the grows produce of the gold mines. The tax upon silver continued for a long time to be a fifth of the. Gross Produce. It was reduced to a tenth only in the course of the present century. But, the first adventure is do not appear to have been much interested about silver nothing less precious than gold seemed worthy of their attention. All, the other enterprises of the Spaniards in the new world subsequent to those of, Columbus, seemed to have been prompted by the same motive. It was the sacred thirst of gold that carried a Vida Nick wease and Vasco. Nunez. Balboa to this Mus of Darien that carried Cortez to Mexico Almagro. To Chile and Peru. Win Those, adventurers arrived upon any unknown coast. Their first inquiry was always if there was any gold to be found there and according to the information which they received concerning this particular day determined either to quit the country or to settle in it. Of all those expensive and uncertain projects however, which bring bankruptcy upon the greater part of the people who engage in them. There is none perhaps more perfectly ruinous than the search after new silver and gold mines. It is perhaps the most disadvantageous lottery in the world or the one in which the gain of those who draw the prizes bears the least proportion to the loss of those who draw the blanks for though the prizes are few and the blanks many. The common price of a ticket is the whole fortune of a very rich man. Projects of mining instead of replacing the capital employed in them together with the ordinary prophets of stock commonly absorb both capital and profit. They are the projects therefore to which of all others a prudent lock giver who desired to increase the capital of his nation would least choose to give any extraordinary encouragement or to turn towards them a greater share of that capital. Then what would go to them of its own accord? Such in reality is the absurd confidence which almost men have in their own good fortune that wherever there is the least probability of success to great share of it is apt to go to them of its own accord. But though the judgment of sober reason and experience. Such. Projects has always been extremely unfavorable that of human avidity has commonly been quite otherwise. The same passion which has suggested to so many people. The absurd idea of the philosopher's stone has suggested to others the equally absurd one of immense riches of gold and silver. The did not consider that the value of those medals has in all ages and nations arisen chiefly from their scarcity and that their scarcity has arisen from the very small quantities of them. which nature has anywhere deposited in one place from the heart and intractable substances with she has almost everywhere surrounded those small quantities and consequently from the Labor and expense which are everywhere necessary in order to penetrate and get them. They flattered themselves that veins of those metals might in many places be found as large and as abundant as those which are commonly found of lead or copper or ten or iron. The dream of Sir Walter Raleigh concerning the Golden City and country of Eldorado may satisfy that even wise men are not always exempt from such strange delusions. More than one hundred years after the death of that great man the Jesuit Gula was still convinced of the reality of that wonderful country and expressed with great warmth and I dare say with great sincerity how happy he should be to carry the light of the Gospel to people who could so well reward the pious labours of their missionary. In. The country's first discovered by the Spaniards, no gold and silver mines are at present known, which are supposed to be worth working. The quantities of those metals which the first adventurers are said to have found there had probably been very much magnified as well as the fertility of the mines which were wrought immediately after the first discovery. What those adventurers were reported to have found however was sufficient to inflame the avidity of all their countrymen. Every Spaniard who sailed to America expect defined Eldorado. Fortune to did upon this, what she has done upon very few other occasions. She realized in some measure, the extravagant hopes of voters and in the discovery and conquest. Mexico and Peru of which the one happened about thirty and the other about forty years after the first expedition. Of course, she presented them with something not very unlike that perfusion of the precious metals which they sought for. A project of commerce to the East, indies therefore gave occasion to the first discovery of the West. A project of conquest gave occasion to all the establishments of the Spaniards in those newly discovered countries. The motive which excited them to this conquest was the project of gold and silver mines, and of course of accidents which no human wisdom could foresee rendered this project much more successful than the undertaker's had any reasonable grounds for expecting. The first adventurers of all the other nations of Europe who attempted to make settlements in America were animated by the light chimerical views, but they were not equally successful. It was more than one hundred years after the first settlement of Brazil's before any silver gold or diamond mines were discovered there. In. The English French Dutch and Danish colonies none have yet been discovered at least none that are at present supposed to be worth the working. The first English settlers in North America however offered a fifth of all the gold and silver which should be found there to the king as a motive for granting them their patents. In the patents of Sir Walter Raleigh to the London and Plymouth companies to the Council of Plymouth etc. This fifth was accordingly reserved to the ground. To the expectation, the finding gold and silver mines those first settlers to join that of discovering a northwest passage to the east indies they have hitherto been disappointed in both. End of book for Chapter Seven Part A..
Episode 75: Ashes and more
"Hub hopper originals. Hello welcome to it's quicker to my name is hamid and i'm here with the very latest episode of this podcast. Bust week has been all about world test championship which we had discussed for many of our listeners who had asked us questions about world test championship kinship v have had created a very detailed episode about de pointing system for example one listener astor's a question in which was schillinger after winning just one test got sixty points while australia even after winning when maj and even a draw would not even breath at sixty so all the reasons behind that and everything else we have coveted in dead very of detailed episode so oh please do check out that episode so let's discuss all the matches <hes> that are going on right now. Currently there are three matches of with respect to world test championship that are ongoing. <hes> between i is ashes of goes then there is india's tour of west indies indies and then there is of goes news in store of sri lanka. I up the heart england was his ashes england. Was australia australia as excuse me. This is the desmet three out of the five test matches which had been planned first match was won by australia second match was a draw and now as as of now the four is going on of this this match and addie lunch break australia. Sorry england are two hundred and thirty eight four four. So how did this match go about. I up australia batted first and scored one hundred and seventy nine runs which as that women seemed very self bar score <hes> good innings from david warner who had had consecutive failures in the previous test matches they can isn't <unk> achikzad benign night marcus labuschagne knee seventy four and spina. He has been a good fine for them. Of course he was their top scorer in the domestic sheffield shield but uh-huh performing on such a big stage <hes> is another study. He remember to just to remind you guys. He is our our if placement for stephen smith who was injured due to a good bouncer from archer during the second test match he had a he has put suffered from concussion due to which he is out from this this match it'll be interesting to see who the places in the fourth match so bellini's dahran exo who sworn seventy-nine excuse me one seventy nine hundred code but despite to bullying jennifer arthur managed to grab six wickets <hes> it was a big announcement announcement on named the national stage by jove ushered in the test match ended s match arena england while replying had the eligible terrible ebel performance body cut up almost like you seem to be so chattanooga discord only sixty seven runs this was divorced performance and the lowest scores sins in ashes in since nineteen forty eight imagine of the irony of this imagine the sadness of this the highest gooder was jordan lee register wellens bucking it'll igam phone number one for example rubinstein jason roy nine giorgio to kick up don's zito aben stokes eight four five and five so that was a very disastrous performance and at this point the almost almost countered inland out but then this is ashes. You know you can never <hes> this is all filled with drama came to bed. During the second innings they scored two hundred forty six runs again. The title performance was from marcus labuschagne off eight hundred runs. I'm excited to what machine plead smith admit because these two guys are are looks to lose to me that these two are the best players right now in terms of batting for australia and mandy. These guys split together. It will be very exciting england in reply today. Now as i said earlier are two hundred and thirty eight for four the start art didn't look that promising as england. Lou lost their first two wickets very early. On fifteen for two was the school and at that moment we all all were thinking like i it's it's done and dusted for england but then some good betting from ju- route escorting seventy seven of two hundred and five deliveries while jordan scored fifty of one fifty five brought them back and adi lunch on day four ben stokes is not out on thirty two welsh and best to it's not out on thirty four. It's quite exciting right now. England need one hundred twenty one hundred to win with six tickets in hand district just a reminder. This is a test match. It's a four day so ball will be doing a bit in the second and third sessions asian so you can never count australia from this but it's quite spectacular to rise from a school sixty seven all out a two now almost host. We are talking about like england moving this match so it's it's quite spectacular from england best men's specially their captain jude now. Let's move on to the second death match. Wjr india was his west indies. This is d i s much of india us <hes> <hes> test championship as well as west indies this this is a dumont series and this is one of the first of this the member as a d. Pointing if india vince this test match they will score sixty points on the table and and go right on top of course depending upon the other test match result of new zealand was is <hes> <hes> lanka so india in the first innings they batted first of goes and they scored two hundred ninety seven's good performances from jingu honey doing that <hes> first-innings scored eighty one while ravindra girija scored fifty eight trans boiling point of view from west indies it was game are roach who managed to grab four wickets welsh on on gabriel deviates vest indies in response to that scored a two hundred twenty two runs some good performance from ruston. Jays are forty eight runs while the other batsmen chipped in what year and their score but below fifty good bowling performance from shurmur who showed his bowling skills on this track which looks to be very hard and fast five gets for him in response to that india at the end of day tree were one hundred and eighty five for the loss of three wickets with ratko the decrees on fifty one while urging kahane's gordon consecutive fifty. He's on fifty-three played one hundred forty balls. It looks the test. This desmet is core is quite goodly. Boy east india are leading currently to sixteen months and seven wickets in hand and today still to play a lot can happen during these duties move onto the last test match which is currently going on is between chilanga. Was this new zealand. This is the second match of the tour. This is a two-test cds adi's. I s match was won by chaloba due to rains that have been a lot of time wasted in this match socialista batted first and scored two hundred and forty forerunners and at the end of day four score of new zealand is three hundred and eighty two four five shulan gaza star batsman was donald j. Ah the silver who scored a century while colonel who carries on his good form and he scored sixty five runs bowling-wise saudi he scored took four wickets while trent bold took three wickets now for new zealand there have been new inspiring performances in d. I s match apart from that. One ross taylor innings but this match dom latam stepped up his game and he scored one hundred and fifty four runs. That was quite a good delicious innings. Tickets were taken by <hes> polit- off who has been boarding quite well the city's so right now this title is looking like it will go to a draw because just one days remaining and still one full innings is yet to go no team will like to take a chance specially show lanka gotcha given the fact that they have already won one match and it they managed to even draw this match than they are winning this cds so this is everything that is going on with respect to the world championship and a lot of exciting stuff that is going on twenty four around the clock cricket. If you have any questions and quite easily guiding any of the current matches or anything regarding cricket you can always ask us our twitter. Handle is is at the rate. It's quickey chew for latest episodes and the latest gusta released about cricket. Shoe logan do odd micro decide. It's quickest show dot hub hopper dot com once again. It's going to dot hub hopper dot com so this is bahama cheek signing off from today's episode have a great cricketing day.
History Week Morning In North America
"Chompers is produced by gin and supported by good night's the number one night time underwear good morning. It's nine per chompers. Chompers your twice-daily tooth brushing show establishing on the top of your mouth. Pick a side ambush little circles all the way around each to three. It's history today. We're exploring the history of north america so let's jump into our pretend time machine. I've landed hundreds of years back in time on an island in what's called the caribbean ocean. I see a man getting off of his ship. It seems really really excited. Oh it turns out. He's been ceiling for ten weeks all the way from europe but there's something wrong. This man seems to think arrived in a country called india but dude india's and totally the opposite direction time machine. Who is this guy find out after you switch you're brushing to the other side of the top of your mouth rush the molars in the back too so who is this man columbus columbus was an italian explorer who really wanted to reach india and when he arrived in the caribbean he thought he'd found the west coast india so we called the islands the west indies he also called the people who were living there the indians it was all a big mistake but still oh for decades and decades and decades people from europe kept calling the people from north america the indians switzer rushing to the bottom of your mouth and brush the inside outside and chewing side of each tooth okay. Let's travel through time again. I've landed farther back in time. Columbus hasn't even been born yet. I'm not on an island anymore but i'm still in north america. People are making close building buildings farming food hang out with their families out hunting traveling trading things with each other. You know just doing all the stuff that people people do time machine who are these people native americans <music> into the other side of the bottom of your mouth but don't brush to heart. Native americans were the first people to live in north america and they've lived there for a long long long long long time native americans were there before europeans. The vikings columbus or the british arrived instead of pulse. Native americans have been here since before canada the u._s. And mexico even existed and native americans are still here today. <music> that's for choppers but come back tonight and until then dan chompers production of gimblett media chompers brought to you by good night's the number one night time underwear delivering protection where children needed the most grownups back to school is is just around the corner new schools new friends new classes when you're a kid. There's one thing that can get in the way of all that excitement nighttime wedding. Luckily good night's is here to help. Good nights are not only soft and comfortable but they also offer forty percent more protection versus training pants so grownups <unk> abc good nights to your back to school list because nighttime wedding shouldn't get in the way of childhood great school days begin with good nights.
Turnbuckle Tabloid Presents: 30 Minute Smark | WTF! Indies
"Burn <music> take impromptu thirty minute borough ladies and gentlemen impromptu two thirty minute broadway sheboygan anti sometimes i'd like to have on here does do some some commentary. Whenever i have the free time whenever i'm i'm not doing anything and just finish watching an indy promotion not going to say we're any promotion kind of wish. I was there that night because we usually go to the show but apparently some hiccups that deter us from going into this thing and i gotta tell you a main it. I started to think about what is going on. In the indie scene i really had i really sought upon what is going on in the world of the indies. I'm i'm kinda. I kinda at a loss because <hes> i gotta tell you i i love indie shows. When i got the chance to why go to indy to indy shows i is i want i. I like to go to more than i should but i m unable to do the time my work schedules kind of crazy and whenever i get the chance to watching indie show i watch it on youtube or whatever apps i have guys is a call in show so if you guys want to call in <hes> give you a second 'cause album. Get the skype over when i go to an indie show. Let me remove this. I mean when i go to india show i have. I have a good time. I enjoy i enjoy myself. I'm one of those foods that's out there. Who does the buffoonery hackles cracks jokes shit like that and i partake in what's going on in the show but i've become i don't know if i'm going to say that i'm more jaded or more <hes> desensitize to what's going on in the world of the indie scene because i remember when things were indy where he was so renegade everything was just and out of the norm and this was years ago before anybody on every frigging state before any state had all these fads and all these promotions and all these fly by night promoters or or individuals who get a license and put up a show and pay two thousand dollars to get a ring set up these days as in and out of the blue now. You're you're of a promoter and you're booking and everybody now could get on a card. I remember it was more intimate to where you rarely saw a promotion and when you did it was like wow i i'm. I'm glad that i'm part of this because it's not your typical norm is not your typical oh w._w._e. <hes> paint by number kinda show. It's not that kind of i'm <hes> breath. How do you say i i don't see like the disney aspect of it because pretty much what it is like disney so i i was more enthralled with the promotion in how in how it was so different to what we usually seen especially when it came to certain certain aspects and where it seemed more adult and these days i'm i'm. I'm kind of at a loss because everyone seems to be doing the same shit. Everyone seems to be doing the same kind of promotion. Everyone wants to be outlandish. Be crazy beyond the be out of the norm. Be <hes> use the profanity. <hes> try to be shocking and to be honest with you. I'm not getting it at all. I don't i don't get it has anybody and and i have to say that this probably correlates with coach as well because it seems as though culture is the same. It's gonna same route. I don't like the way this is coming up. I don't like this. Watch marty shit if i if it catches on him to watch party and worry about it i'm still streaming because i'm really don't like to watch party. Sorry about that everybody. I whatever whatever happened to the whole the whole aspect of being an individual being separate not following the same trend that everybody else's following what happened to be different being different what happened to being the promotion your own company. Everybody's just doing the scene talkin shit everybody and mind you. I'm not a prude for for the furthest of aspects because if you hear the show i cause immense leap. I try to be shocking or app shocking my opinions very very <hes> out there and sometimes i may told the line of baby offensive or the racial whatever whatever the case may be whatever you you wanna put me under i told a lie because and it's not because i'm doing doing it just to appease you or just jaw as an audience. I do it because that's just me. I'm just dat individual. I do it in my regular regular life. I i'm not doing it as a show. I'm that type of guy who does it because that's what i do in my regular livelihood but now i'm looking at what's going on in indy wrestling and <hes> it seems like everybody cannot separate themselves celebs from the norm. Everybody has to be shocking. Everybody has to be <hes>. I don't get that major pop of saying fuck or shit and everybody now has the the moniker the middle name the nickname fucking everyday nick fucking gays jimmy fucking loy marco fucking stunt fine. Everybody's a fucking now j. fucking santee like what is this now. I know a lot adding guys are going to say well. That's how subculture that's what it is and okay fine. It's understandable guys want to call in <hes>. Let me make sure the lobe. Yeah guys wanna call in three one five three seven one four three six seven. You guys want to discuss your thoughts about indy wrestling and how was it in your part of the country wherever you're watching wherever you live is interesting the same all over the place because in new york. It's just like everybody's doing this kind of. I can't even let me stop. It's not even everybody. I'm gonna say ninety. Nine percent of individuals are doing this ain't shit. Everybody wants to be fucking hard core godwin. Can we just get a fucking regular wrestling match and in india show everybody wants to pull out tables or doors or chairs eh or dumb tax. Everybody wants to be so shocking and it's not snide watered down. Be original everybody. You know everybody starts looking him. Well easy. W pave the way to this. I remember watching easy. W not every fucking show was a hardcore madge. Not even match was not even show it came spurts you had had moments and when it happened. It meant something in visit salt about in his recent recent. Listen <hes> <hes> conversation is leading a meetings with woodward with a with the media when he says that we not gonna. We're not gonna kotel and cater to the blood and gore well. It's not that it's blood and gore because there really isn't is just more edgy at hardcore matches but it seems like everybody's doing it and it's just not making sense to me why it needs to be done so so prolifically. Why does this needs to be done by every fed every promotion i'm not i don't understand is i try my best to wrap my head around it and i'm not a prude i go to these shows and when his certain spots i'll pop two or whatever but i'm still sitting going does every match have to do this. I remember like the early days when we first saw steph matches and stuff like that. It was like wow that that's crazy bob woo. I remember even watching years ago when my uncle put me on when we saw callers cologne you know fighting up doodle the bushes and shit like that and they have barbed wire matches and crazy shit problem but it wasn't every show it was a marquee event. It was special schule now. Not even talking about death matches death match promotions that you guys are different. You guys on your own with that shit that i that's too much especially. You know there's other people who juggle shittu. You know what that's your. The everybody has a cup of tea. You have your brand new comedies that you watch brand of of crime dramas you watched. It's the same thing that happens in everything is different. Everybody has their own neck or flavorful. What kind of residence of me i don't even take myself as much as a conventional est or one who finds himself into the old school style of wrestling because i i enjoy certain things i love watching the athleticism or when you do bring out a certain type of match match somewhere i get that i understand that to me. I'm just not getting where everybody is doing the same it's just like society and the whole culture and a whole everybody thinks they're funny everybody these they're fucking clown so now they're doing fucking facebook and instagram videos twitter videos. Gotta break it to you guys ninety. Five percent of you guys are funny. You're not you're looking like asshole. You looking like clouds and that cloud in a good way. I'm talking about clowns as not ringling brothers clouds you looking like clowns like your sister's sixth birthday party clown that depressing sad clown who goes to the corner smokes cigarettes just to get through the day and do party that after a while you look around and you see the guy hi who the party who you know has we'd on them and you go. You got a little got hit on quick just so i could get through this party that kind of got or it's an adult party. The client has to go over but you'll let me shot any do that clown. You're not funny clothes. Do fucking magic you make a fucking balloon out your aso actually that would be kinda funny. A balloon came as i won't conflict but it's it's the same thing everybody's wearing. I i saw a facebook mean where some neighborhood in queens everybody had on the piss the sneakers the fuck i used to we embarrassed to wear the same thing that one of my manager matt on or even if i knew he had the same shit i didn't wear it when he worried worried that even wanna wear it at all because then people would say oh you were this dude sit i would freak. I don't want to throw in a bonfire because of that is we had the same thing on but everybody now's the same thing in indies. Everybody's the same all you guys go. He's coming to ring them. <hes> the majority of them come in dressed like they came from working construction. I don't tend or whatever makes you boots. They got on got on jeans or it's like the backyard. Wrestling just got elevated with more money and i know everybody can sit there well. Oh you know this puerto wrestling everything elevate. Everybody changes granted. I understand that but how is it that you go to the same show all the time and not see that you're replicating the same thing. You're watching the same thing you guys could play so much of my old w._w._e. Does the same thing over and over and over again these shows are doing the same same shit over and over again my m- when i when i watch indie shows i enjoy it any show that brings is be new talent that i haven't seen before talent that i feel are on the rise talent that are able to brings up the new to the forum not the same guy who comes in with cargo pants and a torn up shirt wearing you know stains on his shit at the bean at the bar a couple of hours and claiming idea fucking hardcore no this show me show me some technical aspects. Show me that you're brawler. Show me that you are high fire. Show me that you your technician submission guy. Don't fucking. I can go to the wheel well all the time. Hey look at me. I could fuck it hit you over the head with what a baseball bat would would legos blocks on it. Change it up for me. Make something different. I don't understand this whole aspect of. I me to follow because that's what draws tickets. That's why sometimes i wanna go to shows and sometimes i'll go why it's going to be the same bullshit. That's why i'm at the bar having drinks. I'm not even really paying attention like i'm at the club and i'm just chilling because i notice ain't gonna happen over and over and over again. I know it's a new talent. That's coming up. I'm so bored at times unless it's also individuals that i know well part of the show or in you know i want to focus on what kind of master you're going to have but even so i go to these events and i'm going not again not again. Let me guess we're going to pull out a table and we're gonna sprinkle dump tax on and then we're going to put it on fire. This is the third world edited why separate separate separate yourself from the pack. Don't you feel as though that you need to be different. You don't need to be an off shoot of everyone. Else's you're just <hes> def match wrestling promotion light or you're just death match wrestling promotion the texas version. I okayed the texas version. We're going to be in a death match what we have bullhorns in it. Are we going to have <hes>. We're gonna make you have a lasso and and and fucking spurs on our boots honestly what happened to being an individual setting a trend being part of a culture that you could separate yourself from the norm an enormous now like i said become backyard wrestling has separated itself and got money and now all of a sudden. There's no backyard wrestling. We don't need to be resting in the playgrounds. We trampoline tabloid. Who's yeah what up it's me. Your boys better you. You know i was just watching seemed set event right and what like old and i'm watching this and i'm going what duff everything seem the same to me right. I watch them myself yet because i'm only muscle camp right now. I'm going to call it in your view of this of this that show i'm uh-huh review it. I like i said i started watching. It and i go okay. This is going to happen. Watch this happen been listening about myself watching this shit. I'm talking to myself like a fucking site patient but i'm going. Oh here comes. The chairs. Here comes a gimmick comedian match gotcha. I'm going oh my god what the fuck and then i go to i go to click on to watch another indie fed and the fucking other indefens- is doing the same shit. This is the same thing copy paste won't give fuck. Let's do buzzing where both fuck it as long as they're fucking fucking pay twenty twenty five dollars and getting drunk. They're gonna love it anyway. So you can take the easy way out. I said everybody i grew through as an individual who love to be different from everybody else. I did not want. I didn't want to dress the same way as anybody. I didn't want to act the same way anybody else. I'm kinda guy so you're telling me you're telling you bret hart t shirts with the on it right. I would wear that fuck outta here even so but even doing that me. Everybody else wasn't interesting. I was arresting guy and whenever somebody said you still like fuck you. I'm different. I wanted to be not the you know. There's certain transit certain things that you follow but there's certain things that i mean i gotta break away from the pack and now every read them all yeah and every befit. We've gone to these shows. Every every fed. Fed is following the paint by numbers bullshit so you are. You pleased that you did not go or no. I actually you know i actually would've liked to have gone because i said i support the promotion and yeah me too. I <hes> i i do enjoy when i go because i go with you and then we go to a couple of people and we a bug alley have a good time yeah but i always find myself as soon as a certain certain individuals get into the ring i go okay. I don't need to watch this match because i already already know fuck it. Is i know exactly what's gonna happen in particular you. They like even bashing individual wrestlers because the is not even about them. It's just because that's what the promotion does. The federation does that that is just go out there and just be schalke all right here we go. He come to the the the <hes> here comes the lego blocks with fucking <hes> schools all right here we go. He comes to join khan's. Yeah right here. Comes here uh-huh there the hot wheels. We're gonna slam somebody on hot wheels now. That's what and that's what you're doing now instead of it being done tax now now. You're drawing shit on the on the ring. That's the most annoying thing you could drop on the floor. That's what it is legos. Hot wheels use condoms whatever fuck it is. That's china. Should you catch a package like credit. 'cause they're trying to fucking wondering why wonder why because this is the thing that would be the reds because everyone's a cloud chaser. Everyone wants to viral. They don't care about the fucking stars before they care. Oh shit like what what group can be on about the stupidest shit. We're doing on this show yeah. That's what it is in. These shows nowadays bashing on the popularity right though but you know what i'm saying it's not it's i'm not knocking them for treating another day incentive looking for that grade ten bashing more looking at looking for a way to get onrushing new tub or they're looking for a way to get on <hes> the four three four wrestling pages you watch so we could become cloudy. Grow no i. I definitely agree. I definitely because everybody wants to get go violent. Listen we wanna go viral to this. Show needs to go viral. We need to get to connect. We need to do whatever <music> i'm out. I'm not gonna sit there. I'm gonna i'm gonna. I'm gonna lego block on the lord. Choke slam you own although we do we do need to do the best again and do our fucking working on a punishments bag. We gotta bring that back wall back home by the way jesus christ own. They don't wanna pay my face. Fuck which also read <hes> was cool the thing the thing that really pisses me off is dead. It's just lazy. I it's a way for them to get clout without them trying to be creative. It's like okay well. What's popular tonight well. Let's see he'd be like legal blocks because they don't get people laughing like the horn no sense but the whole <hes> arms cassidy stuff that's not a star mash but because it's so out of the ordinary very they're looking. They're looking at views of that with it being extra out of the ordinary of a wrestling match which everyone's taking soup for now because no one wants to you do the math. They wanted to put someone who are flaming table so everyone's following suit because i'm gonna be honest with you c._w. Started this entire thing well. Well even even further back. I see w early. I said they'd be had that. I mean on icy ec. W had the same thing early on easy w headed where they had these hardcore matches but it wasn't. I saw every fucking night. Ask you also have the loose right. They were able to change the flavor and wrestling and said as wall so they had a good mix. They didn't have every single match being okay so the first match duck notch and the second the death match. It's okay we get it and it's crazy because <hes> i don't mind going to these shows rose and watching up in upcoming talent. I don't mind that. I enjoy that that's just not true. I i understand that profanity but i don't get we go into the ring. We cut a promo and the first thing that comes up fuck this place. This place is fucking bullshit. I fuck it. Hey come here you fucking and it's broad. You're not even built like dan even you. You make an like that's as you. You just not even you cut it out. Stop it. I hate it. I hate to talk to the japanese but you really exactly know about what's i mentioned this is example they they can throw dudes looking like and was looking like <hes> smoking whole milk and and and give me a bandanna and <hes> and give me a fucking boxing gloves and i could have some all i have to do is throw someone through a door and i'll get clout nowadays like i could read no fence fence but like honestly hard for <hes> yeah. I'm the catalyst german tabloid i undo. What is it called. Oh i could barely get thrown a bandanna on my head. I can throw someone through a door me if i if if someone fucking book me i guess fucking get mad clout. If i just do someone with door barbed wire on it seen it there there are people you and me see on these shows that have made events slots and i'm like dude this this mother fuckers twin. They're exactly like physique everything. He's my twin because he has lego blocks. That's what makes people popular in wrestling now and next week or so weaken the headship what gets you over in wrestling nowadays the difference between getting over in the past and getting over now is completely league different sometimes easier wrestling training here wrestling training there. My brother had a trampoline and mattresses uses backyard when i lived in massapequa wrestling over there and all of a cycle of doubts. Do i learned how to do a risk slot from watching fucking shoot shoot videos and shit. Everybody's a fucking wrestler and right and it's not to me it also takes away from actual guys who do hardcore matches and legit legit. It takes away from moccoli history. It takes it takes away from the moxley then from the blue coffers and from. I'm a you know it takes away from people who do the crap bright. It's a guy <hes> the gigolos and jiggle s route whoop yo. He's getting booked places. He's taken us a lot of the car from someone else because he does. He just jumping through a fucking barb wire shit and his own chris. I'm not haying. I guess said hey and because everybody everyone get. Everybody got to get on because it get on because that's your hustle but i'm still hate going really. That's why i don't share. That's shit on the page because i'm like really this is what really really gets you guys going. I watch it quickly because i always say to myself out loud. What a dumb ass right all the time. What a fucking dumb ass so to me so based on what you watch tonight are. Are you starting to understand more with jim cornet understanding of this product. No it's not even while we're cornet says because at the end of the day mud shoe this this guy damn merged shoe outlawed lucian no bull crap. It's not even that it's just more of a two way. They're still talented guys on those ross's and those promotions. There's still guys out of there. Who's out there doing the work and still look legit but you wash warn yourself down right and you ward yourself down by putting yourself in these predicament just so you can get streams means of us or downloads and it's like you use your talent is better than that sacrificing and you're sacrificing your talent with clout and it shows like you gotta show time and we're seeing these guys on <hes> straight up. We see we we see talent. We see a good look on the phone. They just ruin it by moving using their talent instead of using their musso there's hitting people would like to. It's like so you're finishing move. Don't win a fucking light to do your move. Your move is pretty cool. I've seen it before talking use it. I'm not gonna lie and say. I didn't really wanna protocol anybody out but i i gotta do this this this year i hear i know any guys love this fucking guy and i know that they're going to actually try to find in a way to shoot them to the moon or whatever the case may be with with with the upcoming promotion. I don't get this fucking. Markle's stunk kid. I'm sorry i do. I i get it at all. I know i tried all my god. I so try mind you. I really really he tried. I've started okay. He looks like he just got out of the eighth grade okay. He drinks white claw. Okay yeah he he he. He needs to get ideally you before he goes white claw. He looks like he could fuck and get idead before he goes to watch it chapter. Two i get it. I see it and he he has something of a following but i'm watching him tonight and he grabs the mike and you hear him talk and he was like all right. Hey guys. I don't give a fuck about guys here in jersey this fucking places terrible. I want what the fat guy one. Who's this fucking brag that they gave them my two and why does you know to me no new so i don't i don't. I don't know i don't i don't get it. I don't really i didn't even i don't even know if i put him in like fiber like i. I downloaded him as a character. I don't even get that because i i would love to beat the shit out of him. When what am i played a game the one message i got from the from the show you're watching you comment about that matching general competitors and i was like oh my god oh my god. It's just a wreck off. A fuck is this i swear you i swear to you. I i try and i'm going. There's there's there's times that i would. I i watch these shows and watch these matches and go. Our society has become so numb to a talent is that i can you understand why another country could just walk in and take over like tomorrow. I get it i get it. We're so fucking numb to stupidity yep yup. Oh my god it's bad because you know like we are as a society you know when you have a dog and you put a laser pen on the wall and dokic chasing the laser no matter what no matter what it's not even a dog is a cat that does it i i like the cat runs off the wall thing that's actually there could be there for hours and the cash never going to get a laser entertaining go that but but then after a while even a cat says fucked isn't move away even those it's not fun anymore. I want my cat book. This ship was like when the dog will taza a mirror of america's barking at itself <music> when you hear on t._v. My dog on her fingers a real dog in the cryptic. No no every everything is just the same nonsense it just it just like i said everybody seems like your your death. Match your death match wrestling promotion light your match wrestling promotion alaska your death match hardcore promotion or an ontario cana like you're all doing the same shit we'll get ready read because as you all out and you're gonna love it all great. It's darby allen's versus georgia leila versus jimmy havoc in a triple threat getaway death max <hes> chaos matt. Oh my kill me the fuck now. Really that is so serious. Oh my god isn't talks does a win win. I mean does the two losers. Get a syringe full of aids. I think so. Let's show your loser gets. The two losers get fucking syringe full of aids. Let's make it a real death match this. This is why isn't greencore neck. Though it's like darby we allen such a talented young kid. You're ruining his bullshit. I it's true and then and <hes> and then <hes> viscose are doing the blood and guts. It's like dude. We're asking you to do that but like it's understand the shit. We're watching what he's much shoes trash you but this is why i can't even not w._w._e. Because now it's like even if they get if they try to be a little bit more edgy dagenham dagenham the fantasy go only trying to do a such and such does your only trying to chase stein and it's like you double a. toward you. Can't there's one or the other no you can't do these things. It's no fucking is so tricky. It'll be so awesome to see on kevin owens and shane go at it's something edgy and you know you know. There will be blood or something like that fine but it's done in certain spurs fucking time. I'm gonna go to a a hardcore deaf. World match in every match is you gotta fucking. Get a pin three or fucking head to to lose what the fuck aw remember. I don't want us to remember how to actually so <hes> and they put fucking like the the the hooking onto the kebab sticks fucking interest and i even even that i talk to promote isn't guys this guys. You didn't need to do that. I get it. You're not that that promotion so for when you do something shocking. It is a pop which is which is fine. I understand that but i said that he and i go why but wh you had such a great match without it. Why would you remember that happened. You turn around. There's i'm good yeah. I'm done wrap. This is bitch up. I'm gonna i'm gonna go get my to light before i leave thought dish. You crowd chicken. Fuck out a and it was such a good match with out as soon as i should happen. I said okay time to go. Everybody check make sure you fucking coach chip coach girls we out in everyone's channing ending this is awesome and you were like walking out of the building faulk dish and it's the same thing at the end of the match you when you get when you get alberto. They're real who into all. These guys is like the best place in a new york city and it's like. Why did you have to kerr's like you. You didn't need to do that. I guess i'm gonna listen to <hes> <hes> we're gonna send you. The link to talk is jericho. M j f i gotta hear that because he's a he's a guy that when he does cuss it's like sporadically and when he it means something and if it makes you laugh laugh it's funny. It doesn't l to be so hammered into your head is like okay we get it. You gotta pass the fuck all the time. We got it we get it. It's okay cool. It's fact let's say today is that just like these two to three fold metros w. e. They're the relying on it way too much them way. Imagine this imagine a world where wrestlemainia any of the ladder match stole the show right viscose wild. That really went over. Let's do a letter match every week on raw exactly. I'd be pissed off. I would never want taylor match again in my life. Not it'd be the same spot every time even before you call everybody your name now is matt fucking olszewski. Oh ski j. fucking santee a fucking j. Everybody's everybody's a fucking now. Everyone is a fucking fucking that about oh every was a fucking matt you fucking. Oh ski the ski menu fucking. Can we gotta put that. We got to put that over now hari. It's and i'm not approve because we all the time here but it's not that us because we're trying to bring in that shocking factor is is because emotionally. That's where it's at your in a ringside you. You're gonna ring saying fuck because you like to crowd loves the. I said the f. word. What's your twelve year because mommy i travel in the crowd chanted with me. Yesterday i said fuck a hey. Come on get them. Nowhere metro cartoon nowhere actually think that actually makes them look worse on the the company. I do too and you know before we go because i because it's a thirty minute bro but it is about to go to forty minutes. You know whose who've become worse. Who's who are the biggest perpetrators and i have to say that now. I can't even say it this way. The indy commentators tasers are hara bowl. Commentators are home robo aw all my god. You don't know how bad is become and we tried it. We did it and this is why. I didn't wanna do it that way because i to me. I said everybody sound this way and you're not at going. You're not gonna get jobs like this way. So it's what how raw ball the roses. Oh my god. He just put off that fucking really guy w._b._z.'s calling for you. They really like your talent. That's why i didn't wanna do that. That's why we we were doing commentary. I wanna play a straight guy not to be to say i'm. This is my audition here. No because everyone sounds indie all samba zombie just came in a fucking ring this fucking asshole fucking asshole doesn't mean his new name now a fucking walking asshole for example grim reefer every time he comes out. They always blatantly point out that we get. Let's let's <hes> <hes>. This is still get behind current. As you say wow he smoking i in the ring. Try to be waiting with it and it'll be a little awesome is this fucker is high tonight all right damn shit sam taken take it down a notch and they all dress in shorts and fucking printed a l. r._g. Shirts or whatever kind of predict graph. I'm sure they have these days with the whole sounds like me i was about it sounded like me no but seriously these accommodating reading is so bad and i'm listening to this and i'm going. What do you want to do. What your life what what's what's the end game from here on no no offer cloud boy. Oh my god i gotta go yeah so i'm going to grab wrapping up to <hes> house <hes> dakhil. You have to have a latest. Oh my god honesty and before i wrap this i do have to say it's so bad because really the commentators tasers are you i would i would prefer that the compensator were more streamlined or not even just if you have a three man team and you feel like you need that one one guy to be the renegade and asked to say the f. were just to emphasize. Something doesn't have to be all the time that it'd be for you. You know for something major or if the guy narine keeps saying fuck you and fuck the people you came in when i'm a fuck all you up uh at least play it over. He doesn't seem happy tonight. The automatic you guys sit there and go yeah. He's fucking mad tonight. Really what what's what's what. What is. What's your purpose as comedy. Oh we're oslo comitatus no shit what was again. What is your endgame. What is it that you want to do what i do this for fun all right then you know what when you don't call the book that you want they. They did for fun too because they want you as either. That's that's just me saying all right guys. I'm wrapping this up. I'm i'm out of august some beers. I'm not drinking geico. I ain't fucking with that show but i just need to stress this out. It'd be another thirty minute ralway and you'll be out on. I tunes spotify. Whatever it is i like joe but also just whenever i want to so they gave her watching beata part of it share share like tabloid on facebook group page twitter instagram <hes> you to switch where everywhere everywhere and also on iheart spotify i tunes tune in where everywhere as well so make sure you follow us there as well and <hes>. I'm jay residency with my my my my boy. You just called in. Thanks for calling in from your busy night and <hes> we're fucking oughta hear mother fuckers.
Slavery & Genocide: How Indigenous People Remember Christopher Columbus (in 6 minutes)
"I am brother Cornell West. Clemente up. This is Chuck D public enemy property rate, and this is new. Symbols of. Pride for Italian Americans. Painful reminders of historical injustices and brutal atrocities for indigenous peoples. Statues of controversial Fifteenth Century Explorer Christopher Columbus have been decapitated, toppled, or taken down in cities in towns across the United States amid the ongoing protests against racial injustice and police brutality sparked by the killing of unarmed African American George Floyd by White Minneapolis police officer back in May. Wa- Columbus is often credited with discovering America kept out of our school curriculum in history textbooks is his legacy of torture child rape mutilation, and slave men and outright genocide against the peaceful indigenous populations in happening the present day Bahama and Caribbean islands, he landed on in the fourteen ninety S. These atrocities have found renewed focus amid the demands for equality and reform sweeping the country. Many. Producer and host of newsbeat, and in commemoration of this year's in people's day we thought we'd shed some light on this invader who by the way never even step foot in present day North America and his so-called news world was already inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous people including the title no and Iraq among many many others. Explaining Columbus's horrific truths is longtime Mohawk activist and radio broadcaster, John Cain host of native talk show and podcast. Let's talk native who lives on the Seneca Nation territory of Cata Ragas in Western. New York. Now, please be sure rate and review newsbeat wherever you listen to podcasts, apple spotify stitcher and visit US News Dot Com for all of our previous full episodes and unique blend of social justice journalism and independent hip hop. But be sure to also check out let soap native dot com for more about John Keane's show. For now, here's John. Breaking Down Christopher Columbus. ooh. Here, Italian Americans claim that Columbus is the symbol of Italian American heritage. The only way you can fashion the real life of Christopher Columbus his real activities into that you have to ignore. You have to revise history you have to completely create a narrative. That is devoid of truth. Columbus landed at the Caribbean island e started I read about call Indians and it wasn't because. Some people suggest that it's Spanish for indios. Some. Of God or something that, and that's not true. He believed and actually died believing that he had reached the easternmost islands of Indonesia, knock it the landmass of India into Nisha. So he thought he was in the East indies with the Europeans were calling the East indies, and of course, then they turn around in the call the Caribbean, the West indies because of that mistake and the first thing he did was not cow docile the people were and how easy it would be to enslave the and it's them. He did he put them into a system where they had to go find him valuables. Gold and particularly. These bells or the symbols they call them they'd have to fill with goal and if they didn't they, they cut off their hands they hang around next off to death. The first transatlantic slave ship was. Black Africans being brought to the western. Hemisphere. It was natives oftentimes native children little girls in particular that Columbus sent back to Spain for slaves, sex slaves in particular. And he boasted about the how how many Castellanos a nine or ten year old girl would bring in the European market. So. This is the reality slavery at the beginning of the a five hundred year genocide. There were people that they murdered. They executed the even mocked some of their own religious beliefs by executing native people thirteen at kind. To represent the twelve apostles in describes. What religious ceremony that could possibly represent but even meet mockery and their own religious beliefs and religious leaders condemned. And again, Christopher Columbus was not Italian in the sense of what we understand in. Today. Italy wasn't even a country in fourteen, ninety two. General, which is where he was from, which is now considered part of the nation of a bitterly was not even on the Italian peninsula. It was it was farther indy into Europe and it was its own Republican. When he sailed, he didn't sale for Genoa. Rome now he's ever stained and there was a connection between Spain and the Catholic Church and the Vatican. He would be instrumental in asserting the doctor person discovery, which basically said native people could not hold titled the Land Only Christian. Nations. Of Europe. Good. This team to the Western Hemisphere. With Christopher Columbus I would also add when people talk about the diseases that came from Europe and they talk about small pox influenza. They always skip over the fact that the the first diseases that are people reflected by the venereal diseases these scary because of the rape culture that gave from your. Field that's. Why we condemn all the ceremony and all those are all of the recognition false recognition that is giving the Guam.
The Journal of John Woolman, by John Woolman
"The Journal of John Woman by John woman. This LibriVox recording is in the public domain recording by Wayne Cooke. 12th of third month 1769 having for some years past die to to myself on account of illness and weakness of body and not having ability to travel by land as heretofore. I was at times favored to look with awfulness towards the Lord before whom are all my ways who alone have power of life and death and to feel thankfulness raised in me for this fatherly chastisement believing that if I was truly humbled under it all would work for good well under the whole bodily weakness. My mind was at times exercise for my fellow-creatures in the West Indies and I grew jealous over myself blessed the disagreeableness of the prospect should hinder me from obediently attending there to 4 though. I knew not that the Lord required of me to go there yet. I believe that resignation was now called for in that. Spect feeling a danger of not being wholly devoted to him. I was frequently engaged to watch him to prayer that I might be preserved and upwards of a year having passed off as I one day walked in a solitary would my mind being covered with awfulness Christ were raised in me to my merciful father that he would graciously keep me in faithfulness and then settled on my mind as a duty to open my condition to friends at our monthly meeting, which I did soon after as follows an exercise at the intended me for some times past and of late has been the more weighty upon me, which is that I believe it is required of me to be resigned to go down to visit to some parts of the West Indies. In the quarterly and general spring meetings. I found no clearness to express anything further than that. I believed resignation here in was required of me having obtained certificates from all the said meetings. I felt like a Sojourner at my outward habitation and kept free from worldly encumbrances and I was often about in spirit walk before the Lord within word breathing's to him that I might be rightly directed. I may here note that the circumstance before related of my having when young joined with another executor and selling a negro lad till he might attain the age of thirty years was now the cause of much sorrow to me and after having settled matters relating to this youth i provider to see store and bed and things for the voyage hearing of a vessel likely to sail from Philadelphia for Barbados. I speak English With one of the owners, it's Burlington and soon after went to Philadelphia on purpose to speak to him. Again. He told me there was a friend in town who was part owner of the said vessel. I felt no inclination to speak with a letter but returned home a while after I took leave of my family and going to Philadelphia had some way to conversation with the first smash loaner and showed him a writing as follows on the 25th of eleventh month 1769 has an exercise with respect to a visit to Iraq has has been waiting on my mind. I may express some of the trials which have attended me under which I have at times rejoiced that I have felt my own self will subject Some years ago, why retail drum sugar and molasses the fruits of the labor of slaves but had not been much concerned about them a save only that the ram might be used in moderation nor was this concern so widely attended to as I now believe it ought to have been having of late years been further informed respecting the aggressions to generally exercised in these islands and thinking off and on the dangers that are in connection of interest and fellowship with the works of darkness Ephesians 5. Mm. I have felt an increasing concern to be wholly given up to the leadings of the Holy Spirit and it has seemed right that my small gain from this branch of trade should be applied remoting righteousness on the earth. This was the first motion towards a visit to Barbados. I believed also that part of my outward substance should be applied in paying my passages. I went and providing things in a lowly way from my substance, but when the time Drew near in which I believed it required of me to be in Readiness a difficulty arose wage has been a continual trial for some months passed under which I have with a basement of mine from day-to-day sought the Lord for instruction having often had a feeling of the condition of one formerly who've you wailed himself because the Lord hid his face from him during these exercises. My heart has often been contrite and may I have had a tender feeling of The Temptations of my fellow-creatures laboring under expensive Customs not agreeable to the Simplicity that there is in Christ said Corinthians 2:3 and sometimes in the renewals of gospel love. I have been helped to minister to others. That which has so closely engaged my mind in seeking to the Lord for instruction is whether after the full information. I have had of the oppression which the song leaves lie under who raised the West India produce, which I have gained by reading a caution and warning to Great Britain and her colonies written by Anthony men has said it is right for me to take passage in a vessel employed in the West India trade to trade freely with oppressors without laboring dissuade them from such unkind treatment and to seek for gain by such traffic tends. I believe to make them more easy respecting their conduct than they would be if the cause of universal righteousness was humbly and firmly attended to by those in general with whom they have Commerce and that complained of the Lord by his profit. They have strengthened the hands of the wicked had very often revived in my mind. I met him Add some circumstances which occurred to me before I had any Prospect of a visit there David longed for some water in a well beyond an army of Philistines who were at war with Israel and some of those men to please him Venture their lives and passing through this Army and brought that water. It does not appear that the Israelites were then scarce of water, but rather David gave way to delicacy of taste and having reflected on the danger to which these men had been exposed. He considered this water as their blood and his heart's took him did he could not drink it but he ported out to the Lord the oppression of the slaves, which I have seen in several Journey Southward on this continent and the report of their treatment of West Indies have deeply affected me and to care to live in the spirit of peace and Minister know just cause of offence to my fellow-creatures having from timer. Time living Lee revived in my mind I have for some years past declined to gratify my palette with those sugars. I do not censure my brethren in these things, but I believe the father of mercies to whom all mankind by creation are equally related has heard the groans of this oppressed people and that he has prepared some to have a tender feeling of their condition trading in or their frequent use of any produce known to be raised by the labor of those who are under such lamentable. Oppression has appeared to be a subject which may Hereafter require the more serious consideration of the humble followers of Christ The Prince of Peace after long and mournful size. I am now free to mention health things have opened in my mind with desires that if it may please the Lord further to open his will to any of his children in this month. That they may Faithfully follow him in such further manifestation the number of those who declined the use of West India produce on account of the hard usage of the slaves who raised it may appear small even among people truly Pious and the laborers and Christian love on that subject of those who do are not very extensive or the trade from this continent to the West Indies to be stopped at once. I believe many there would suffer for what bread did we on this continent and the inhabitants of the West Indies generally dwell in pure righteousness. I believe a small trade between us might be right under these considerations when the thoughts of holy declining the use of trading vessels home and of trying to hire a vessel to go under ballast have Arisen in my mind. I have believed that the laborers in Gospel of hitherto bestowed in the cause of universal righteousness dead. Have not reached that height if the trade to the West Indies were no more than was consistent with pure wisdom. I believe the passage money would for good reasons be higher than it is now and therefore under deep exercise of mind. I have believed that I should not take advantage of this great trade and small passage money. But as a testimony in favor of less trading should pay more than is common for others to pay. If I go with this time the first mentioned owner having read the paper went with me to the other owner who also read over the paper and we had some solid conversation under which I felt myself bowed in reverence before the most high had length. One of them asked me if I were to go Wednesday the vessel but not having clearness into my mind to go. I went to my lodging and retired in private under a great exercise of mind and my tears were poured out before birth. The Lord within word cries that he would graciously help me under these trials. I believe my mind was resigned but I did not feel clearness to proceed with my own weakness and the necessity of divine instruction. We're impressed upon me. I was for a time as one who knew not what to do. When was tossed as in a tempest package which reflection the doctrine of Christ take no thought for the morrow Rose living lie before me and I was favored to get into a good degree of Stillness having a near two days in town. I believed my obedience to my heavenly father consisted in returning Homeward. I therefore went to over among friends on the Jersey Shore and Terry until the morning which The Vessel was appointed to sale. As I lay in bed the latter part of that tonight, my mind was comforted and I felt what I steamed a fresh confirmation that it was the Lord's will that I should pass through some further exercises near home. So I went further and still felt like a Sojourner with my family. In the fresh spring of pure love. I had some labors in a private way among friends on a subject relating to truth testimony under which I had frequently been exercised in Iraq for some years. I remember as I walked on the road under this exercise that passage in Ezekiel came fresh upon me whether so ever their faces were turned off so that they went and I was graciously helped to discharge my duty in the fear and dread of the Almighty. In the course of a few weeks it pleased the Lord to visit me with a pleurisy and after I had Lain a few days and felt the disorder very grevious thoughtful how it might end. I had of late through various exercises been much wind from the pleasant things of this life. And I now thought if it were the exact words will to put an end to my labors and graciously to receive me into the arms of his Mercy death would be acceptable to me. But if it were his will further down to refine me under Affliction and to make me in any degree useful to his church, I desired not to die. I met with thankfulness say that in this case. I felt resided Nusrat in me and had no inclination to send for a doctor believing if it were the Lord's will throughout word means to raise me up some sympathizing friends would be sent to minister to me, which accordingly was the case, but though I was carefully attended he had the disorder was at times so heavy that I had no expectation of recovery One Night in particular. My bodily distress was great my feet grew cold, and the cold increased up my legs towards my body at that time. I had no inclination to ask my nurse to apply anything warm to my feet expecting my end was near After I had it Lane near ten hours in this condition. I closed my eyes thinking whether I might now be delivered out of the body. But in these awful moments, my mind was living Lee opened to behold the church and strong and gray judgments were begotten in me for the Everlasting well-being of my fellow-creatures. I felt in the spring of pure love that I might remain some time longer in the body to fill up according to my measure that which remains of the afflictions of Christ and to labor for the good of the church after which I requested my nurse to apply warmth to my feet and I revived the next night feeling a way to exercise of spirit and having a solid friend sitting up with me. I requested him to write what I said, which he did as follows. Fourth day of the first month 1770 about 5 in the morning. I have seen in the light of the Lord that the day is approaching when the man that is most wise walk-in policy shall be the greatest fool and the arm that is mighty to support Injustice shall be broken to Pieces the enemies of righteousness shall make a terrible Rattle and she'll might lead torment one another for he that is omnipotent is rising up to judgment and will plead the cause of the oppressed and he commanded me to open the vision near a week after this feeling my mind living Lee opened I sent for a neighbor who at my request wrote as follows. The place of prayer is a precious habitation for a now saw that the prayers of the saints were precious in cents and a trumpet was given to me that I thought might sound forth this language that the children might hear it and be invited together to this precious habitation where the prayers of the Saints as sweet incense arrives before the Throne of God and the lamb I saw this habitation to be safe to be inwardly quiet when there were great stirrings and commotions in world. Prayer at this day in pure resignation is a precious place. The trumpet has sounded the call Goes Forth to the church that she gathered to the place of pure inward prayer and her habitation is safe. end of chapter 10
Voices of the Windrush Generation Colin Grant
"I always knew I was British. Everything rotated around being British, we spoke English. When you go to school, you have to speak English correctly you can have accents after. But we learned from a book. Because all the churches run everything in English, we had to aim to learn one thing. English history. I knew more about England than I knew about Diana. Hello and welcome back to the vintage podcast with me being gnomes. This month October is black history month and a fantastic which EMT to celebrate black writers and their books. Tomorrow Black History Month twenty twenty on the vintage books podcast where you wanted to share an extract from the powerful audiobook of homecoming by calling grant. This book is a rich tapestry created from over one hundred first hand interviews, archival records, and memoirs by the women and men who came to Britain from the West indies between the late nineteen forties and the early nineteen sixties. We have from nurses and Manchester Bus Drivers in Bristol Teachers, in Croydon and carnival. Queens in Leeds. Their stories of hope and regret of Triumph Challenges Brimming with humor, anger and wisdom. So settle into him more from this essential and much misunderstood chapter of our history from chapter entitled England was Mama to me. England was boomer to me. My siblings and I would sometimes like my mother. Ettlin as she put us the bed in Luton to describe her life in. Jamaica. A place we've never been. chewed conjure up and nineteen forties world was magical and mysterious. Ethin- had lived on Kingston's outlook avenue a residential area. She rolled the. And drew out the word at residential. So we understood it societal importance. At the bottom of Outlook Avenue, there was the born with Beach Club was she and her friends met to listen to jazz. In her halterneck dress, she swooned on the dance floor and SIP cocktails at candlelit tables around the swimming pool steps down to the sea. Can you see it says that Lynn No? If, he wants to see. Glamour. Close eyes and imagine it. Ethics taught fondly proudly even of a middle class home with a uniform servants of joining the girl guides and taking part in the ceremonial folding of the Union flag of practicing cursive handwriting from. Aveer. Fosters new civil service COPYBOOK. Of standing to attention in the reality cinema at the end of a screening of the latest film to sing with lusty, enthusiasm. God Save the king. And of learning by route and was signing Alexander. Pope's the rape of the lock and the sentimental ending of Roger kipling's. Guedon. As much as he was steeped in English politics. EFFLUENCE. Language was also laced with Jamaican proverbs and saying. On the question of motherly love for example, she would say Cook Picnic Give Mama Mama can't eat it. Cook Moon get Pitney picked in Yam. The meaning of the parable, the mother who couldn't eat her child yet the child eight, the mother veraciously was that mothers would always love their children more than children love mother's. Ethylene like many friends in. Jamaica. had a romantic attachment to the notion of England as motherland. The values of England were her values. Her belief in England was an article of faith. In a sense I. Oh my. To those reveries. Ethylene immersed herself four thousand miles away in a fictionalized idea of Britain found in Tom Brown's schooldays in particular. That quintessentially British novel film and Culture, held a grip on her imagination and that of his. Decades. Later, this fueled her determination to give me the kind of Polish offered by a British, public school. Even though she could ill afford to send me to such a place. Another favorite poem of Athens was kipling's English flank, which included the memorable lime and what should they know of England? Who Only England? No. The record at the British should never travel to the colonies, the cross, the ambitions of empire. kittens question might also be ost of West engines who'd never left the islands and whose knowledge of England rounded in Arcane ceremonies and history was drawn almost exclusively from textbooks imported from Britain. West. Indians only New England in the abstract. In the ECCENTRICITY of healing comedies. In paintings of Salisbury Cathedral and playground songs of Donald around the exotic mulberry Bush. Today the south London home of Joyce Stelle. Trotman. Rooms full of memorabilia and the legacy of empire. There are even copies of our old school textbooks, Nelson West Indian redesign series, a standard educational tool that included extracts, of Dickens, and reflections on constable's paintings. There were never examples available of any locally made art or literature. Ask She, remembers the country dance they learned a school. The. SPARTY NINETY RAV Joyce gets up to demonstrate the dance. She performed as a seven year old in British Guyana knowing nothing of his origins. The bodies, of West Indians may have been in the Caribbean but the heads were in British clouds. George lamming has this in mind when he asserts in the pledges of exile. That most was deans of my generation were born in England. Though they'd never left the west Indian islands they bought into the idea that the colonies were an extension of England. To pack, your bags some book passage on a steamship to England whilst journey to the center like Dick Whittington, striking. Out From Lancashire to. London. was dinners were part of something bigger than just England subjects of imperial experiment. These nineteen Carribean Islands and Guyana on the mainland of south. America had been called by the British of the course of three centuries. They would continue to be governed by the British until they became independent from the nineteen sixties onwards. On Empire Day twenty, four, th of May each year millions of children from all corners of the globe were encouraged to stretch out hands forming a ring around Earth to celebrate their membership of an extraordinary. Family. Including those British territories in the West indies. But where were these so cool being people from. They don't carry. ABS. In the nineteen sixties, the rest of fairness would spell out the anomaly in song. Jamaica is an island but not I land. The British subjects in the West indies were a force agnes administer of African and European. North, African Caribbeans then but more accurately Afro. Saxons. Whenever I asked ethylene about our heritage and family. Line. Almost as listening the names of our ancestors. Athens mom was pauline before her was granny read who was pursued by mommy finally, there was Gong who was a slave. That was it. S and could go back no further. and. All she knew of Gong was her name. Considering Britain's role in the toxic Atlantic slave trade I was surprised by how little antipathy their walls towards Britain from my West Westindian interviewees. But for many like ethylene enjoys trotman growing up in the region slavery and legacy its psychological impact reparations or censorship of mainly Indian Labor's hired to work on politicians off to the newly freed slaves refused. Had never been a topic of conversation other than when celebrating William Wilberforce, his role in abolition. While British history was taught and absorbed in the colonies there was little recognition of African ancestry. Africa was an embarrassment and a pitiful. DOC continent. Only thought about when the collection plate came round and church services. Africa was not the motherland. England and that title. Joyce Estelle Trotman. I was born in stunning tone village West Bank demerara. British Guiana. It's a little village on the Demerara River. The Dutch had to polders, sections of drained land and two canals dug by slave labor and Stanley tone would be the first village. My grandparents were farmers, planting, cassava, and Eddo Zone. My grandfather was a chief Pun. Boiler sugar slavery is sugar. The pond boilers with a workers in the sugar factory. When you got all the juice out from the CAIN, it was boiled and boiled until it became like molasses. Then, it was boiled again in a big copper pan until it crystallized. They said that the guy these pun boilers were the best in the West indies. By the time in one, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, six, I wasn't even nine yet. By that time, I could do the times table from two to seventeen. It's true. Teacher was like a circus master with a cane and I'm in the middle there and I'm doing seventeen times table by wrote. I. Didn't even know what it was for. The CAIN was like a whip and it had some joints Senate and they were imported from England. and. Then we had to English country dancing. If Ali were were paid an all sees where INC if all the trees were bread and cheese, what would you have to drink? Up. Double Backer Dabo set and turn. English country dancing to the tune of if all the word were paper. One year I was looking at poll DOC on TV and they were doing the country dancing and I thought Oh that's black Nog an English country dance ACA the galloping not they're doing there. For the scholarship books were imported and they were all English and they would have dictation passages because you have to learn the hard words. In. One year one of the passages was all the flowers of England and among them was del Fiume an anti Rhino. and. You had to learn to spell them an ice spelled Auntie Ryan Him with one off and I got licks. So every time I look at the one in my garden, I say you caused me a headache. Now in those days, secondary education was not free. If you are a girl and you were illegitimate like me. You couldn't go to the Bishops High School. You had to go to the convent because Bishops Highschool was very English. You had to be rescued by Saint Joseph's convent. US A convent wouldn't take you because you are black. Who went there were white and Portuguese? So this friend of my mother's he opened the school called Enterprise High School in Somebody's Big Two story house and Twelve Lewis turned up that first morning Friday first of September, nineteen, thirty nine. PGA invaded Poland. I heard the Wa- Bulletin that was the first time I heard wore bulletin. Later the government decided they had money. So they offered for free places and I went to the Bishops High School. The deputy was Mr Ogle. One day one of the girls in the presence, of Betty, the deputies daughter called Olive Denison uneager and Betty. Ogle said to her you apologize to him now but you know what it was. Betty Ogle's goes mother was why Jamaican? So she was different. So Betty, how a different approach from the girl and stood there and made her apologize to Olive Denison. Everything was English. Look at the books. Ivanhoe Henry the fifth Keats and Shelley and Wordsworth Matthew Arnold. Talking about Keats in the primary school. When you read on the page, there was a poem called the naughty boy. There was a naughty boy on a naughty boy was he he run away to Scott learned up people there to see But if you see the page, it had John. Keats at the bottom, but we were wrapping without knowing that we were wrapping. So. He stood in his shoes and he wanted he wanted he stood in his shoes and he won the John Keats. Nobody told us that this keats at the bottom wasn't part of the poem. Trevor Rune. In Jamaica. We on the Thanh chaucer and Shakespeare and all our lives going to the cinema deadbeat ealing comedies are nor COA dramas films off Shakespeare Laurence Olivier. Big. Stars on the screen. So little of our own. And I remember going to my school library in the nineteen fifties an out of the blue jumped this at me. The heels were joy food together by Roger Maze. It was the first time I'd come across any locally written literature. Poems Whereabouts Nolan daffodils which we really couldn't relate to tall. There was nothing that reflected our own life experiences. Carlene Carter. In Barbados, we have got hastings. We have got word then we've got Yorkshire we've got Lancaster. We've got Tetley. You name it. We have a Nelson Statue in Barbados that is older than the one in London. An also stands in Trafalgar Square. We ought to walk knowledge of English people. Barbados was swamped with the Middle Class Englishman who conveyed a certain image a certain Arab out England. He done it. So well, it was natural for Barbadians. Visualize England through the eyes of those kinds of people. And I'm talking about Civil Service, the commissioner of police, the Tent Be Regimental Sergeant Major Instructor. The. Governor. All. These were people who were dispatched from. England to run the administration. George Manga. I was born in British. Guiana no called Guyana in one, thousand, nine, hundred, forty, seven. Forty two broad street trust in Georgetown British Guiana. In with a multi-racial area. And in those these people of all walks of life live next to each other. And we all live our Muni Asleep together. All races of people. We were so cosmopolitan. I'm of Indian extract. My neighbors were Negro, extract Chinese and Portuguese. If, you came to my house. I'm expect to have Korean rice. You'd be wrong. My grandparents came from India. Three of them. To from Bihar and one from Kashmir. They came as indentured Labour at the end of slavery. and My mother's father was from Ireland. My father was a medical practitioner. My mother was a housewife. I always knew I was. British. Everything rotated around being British. We spoke English. When you go to school, you have to speak English correctly you can have accents after. But we learned from a book. Because all the churches run everything in. English. We had two aims to learn one thing. English history. I knew more about England than I knew about Diana. My father studied in England and he adopted English customs as well like again, Bacon for breakfast and conflicts and milk unrolls lunches. My father followed all the British customs than the Church of course brings along that line as well. All the priests were from England the governor of our country was from England. The Home Secretary was from England. Had A parliament which was local people, but you always had the English influence bouquets came from England because brothers and most of the big stores and so on. The. London based Book Company was the colony's largest landlord, manufacturer retailer and employer. We had son back Barca. We had fogarty's which was Irish. Everything came from England out clothing shoes. Book brothers managers were from England Scotland and various places all white people. They all employed people affair color in these stores. In my time I only saw about two or three non white people working there. They had to be Catholic as well. The banks as well. We had Barclays Bank, the Royal Bank of Canada. Barclays Bank I hardly ever saw black gorse working there until years and years after. Royal Bank of Canada's where. There were one or two non whites in there. is they. Took people from other nationalities I thought nothing of that. My aspiration was to come to England and study like my father. My father died from a brain hemorrhage when I was only eight years old. He died very suddenly while we were having dinner one evening. I was sat next to him is I went into his bowl of soup and I took his glasses off and move the plate. I didn't realize what was happening. And the next thing I knew all these doctors came to the House and said, my father was dead. We had so many different things under the English rule that. You never had under the local rule after. I think it was positive in the sense. Because we were educated in. English, we had a culture. We played cricket football rugby. We had a lot of things which the English brought to US dancing the waltz classical music which I love. In Guyana. Everybody had club that they go to for their entertainment like the white people had their own club the GCC the George. Cricket Club. The Indians had the British Guy East. India club. They had dances they played cricket, and at the weekend they played bridge. All the English things they did and tennis. The Negro people have the DC demerara cricket club. Then the Chinese associates in had this the Portuguese had there's everybody had a club to go to everything was English. We will go to all the clubs except the white clubs you have to be invited. We had a place called the Caribbean, which all the elite went to. The Saturday night dances the Creme de la creme lawyers and doctors. I was never invited to the White Club you have to be invited to these things. My father doctor was invited to things like that. He treated people who are white. We had a radio and the end of the programs at night they played the national anthem of England. At the cinemas, the beginning of every film that was a national anthem of England everybody stood up. When I came to England in nineteen, fifty, nine in. Ipswich. My sister in law took me to the movies and they played the national anthem and I was the only person who stood up. To grab me said, sit down what are you doing? I didn't know any different. LEARIE CONSTANTINE BBC Third Programme nineteen forty-three. My grandparents were slaves. It's queer now to think back to my childhood to see my grandfather, sit in the hot sunshine on the top step of his little bungalow leaning his back against the door to realize when he was a youth he was asleep. And my grandmother too. I remember my first cricket but when I was four or five. It wasn't a cricket but in the sense that English boys know them, it was made from branche taken from a coconut tree and the ball we played with was a young orange or grapefruit dried in the sun until the Ryan came off and rolled around into became flexible, and we could get forty or fifty runs off it before we demanded a new ball. All. The boys in our family played cricket. My father, I came to England with the West indies team in one thousand, nine hundred and when he was first over, he made friends with two Irishmen called leary Vivian. They gave him such a good time in Ireland that he said he would call his son of the one of them. Vivian Durham. The bishen of every black Jamaican in those days was to be a white man. In those days all conception was based upon the story of the rich man in his causal the poor man, it's gate. God made them high and lowly and ordered their estate. There was a perversion of the fundamental principle of theology. You'd be shocked to know that up until we got universal adult suffrage, nine, thousand, nine, hundred, forty, four, a black man could not be inspect to police. He couldn't go further than sergeant. Major. It would have been incredible to think of a black man being. Prelate of the local parish. It would have been incredible to have a black man like me being a justice of the peace. and. So those were the kinds of repairs just conditions we lived on the. Wilfrid Lawson. Montego Bay Jamaica were from was Horace Place. So I used to mingle with people from foreign. I met some well-known feed. Them Stars like Gary Cooper. I remember getting a dollar from him. We used to go and entertain them at the Casablanca hotel. Spitting fire of we moved with cursing things like that. It was at the Casa Blanca that Gary Cooper. Chuck. The dollar to me. Had plenty little job as youth. I was also a cabin boy on Linden Johnson's little thirty, seven foot yacht. When he and his wife Lady Bird Chemo, I would serve them. It is more or less like a work friend thing. Dawson really a Mazda and servants situation. I used to sit and talk with. Lyndon. Johnson and Lady Bird. I used to sing at the boys club. The Club was run by Must Charlie and was funded by the phone of the Daily Express. Lord. Beaverbrook, I was kissed by Lady Jean. Beaverbrook when I say kissed. I mean. She come and kiss me on my lips at the boys club. We were singing for on air husband? I also got building work in honor. Roll Montego. Bay. I had a friend who knew these millionaire Captain Saunders he's host was like a fortress. He had a pilot host that send the seawater straight up to the swimming pool. Atop called. Basil Control The millionaire, and Basil was a friend of mine. I used to do all the work he was commissioned for. Basil was a showman right when you see him, you see light. When you see the whole place light up. Used to have a white horse and use addressed in our white suit when he'd be right in the horse on the men road. Whatever Basil said to the captain he knew. Somebody, said he was a bit gay or something. Anyway Basil was able to control him. You can get on with white people in Jamaica. But Trafton no to deal. With them. I was quite privileged. I was always mingling with white people, English people. Then that may sims. I was born in Saint Catherine Jamaica fifth of January nineteen thirty. I love seeing Katherine. My father's land was his father's land are in chill all ten of US bond? Ear. We found coconut breadfruit. Cassava Kaluchak Qian. My father used to have a donkey and it had to hampers a my mother would sit in the middle and the Becker Donkey and he to hampers at the sides of the coffee or the chocolate or the breadfruit whatever she going to sell say that's how she get to instead market. I went to elementary school nor Secondary Empire Day was a day address dress up. You don't wear shoes to school but on empire day we shoes. We were celebrating the king. I had friends from the village. My favorite friend was white because her father wasn't Jimmy Gun. He was mass percy she was called murder she to a friend autograph just me. People look at me on wonder what was so special about me to have a white friend. She was at school with me, but she could go to high school, but I couldn't afford to go there. I was twelve when I leave school because we have school inspection on your change classes I skip from be to second I. was bright it and my friend caffeine at the school because I skipped the class. I leave her behind. When play time come we go for dinner and I used to tease her. Cut Chew. On Paseo. She was crying and I didn't know she was going to tell her mama boat by singing. The MOM said something to the daughter and when I got to school, there was a bumper a boil that came up on one of my feet. And a teacher start to sniff and see what smells. I tell my mom mom, the teachers say there's a funny smell, an alum come upon my foot and getting bigger. My mom looked she the and she said. It must be dismissed birdie smell. You know what? Stay home from school today don't go back today. And she looked after it. When to call for me to go back to school she say you have to leave her here and I have through cough the her foot. And from day, I, never went back to score. It was some kind of orbit. Yes. A my father brought a man called Mr McKenzie to our house. He's far away from my district and when he came, you run a horse a big lovely white horse honey the hostile to get in a row to host three times and as he did, he was talking to himself saying I am here. No, and since I am here you have to go. No. Then he said by a see you again. and My foot improved. He was spiritual. Mom We called him Hilo. Never, bother with caffeine again. From dare I work on help implant my father's Land I remember when Queen Fowler died I was in the Bush picking gone copies unheard the church as far and wide toiling and the people are bawling on wailing because the king died. In, my mind I had pictures of the Queen even the dogs were barking because the king died. Thank you so much for listening to the vintage books podcast. If you're interested, you can find out more about homecoming by calling grant in the episode description. What are you reading black history month we'd love to know you can tug us at at vintage books on twitter and instagram. Keep, reading boldly and thinking differently, and until next time.
British retaliate in Battle of Surabaya - November 10, 1945
"Before the show I have to share the huge savings happening right now at mattress firm. Get King Bet for a Queen Price. Plus a free adjustable base with your qualifying. Purchase the shop now and save up to six hundred dollars on the bed of your dreams. This Day in history class is a production of I. Heart Radio Hi. Everyone and I'm eve and welcome to this day in History Class A podcast. We ripped out a page from the history books. Every day. Today is November tenth. Two Thousand Nineteen. The Day was November tenth. Nineteen forty-five about all broke out in Serbia Indonesia between Indonesia's who supported independence and British and British Indian forces. They though the battle of Serbia resulted in the death of thousands of Indonesians it was an important struggle in the Indonesian National Revolution and is commemorated rated as a day of heroism and Indonesia by the Mid Twentieth Century Indonesia had largely been under Dutch rule for three centuries But during World War Two Japan invaded and occupied the Dutch east indies ending Dutch colonial rule in Indonesia and stirring support for Indonesian nationalism Movement seeking independence from Dutch rule had been active since the early nineteen hundreds but the Japanese encouraged Indonesian independence to gain support in their war war effort and broke down the infrastructure that the Dutch had built in the colony. The Japanese even provided Indonesia's with military training in September of nineteen eighteen forty four. The Prime Minister of Japan promised the Dutch East indies. Its independence in the future after Japan surrendered in World War. Two in August of nineteen forty-five forty-five the Dutch planned on reestablishing their role in Indonesia and British forces were ordered to the area to prepare Indonesia for the return of the debt but but Indonesian nationalists took the chance to proclaim Indonesia's independence and Sukarno and Mohammad. Hatta became president vice president of the new state as news. The independence declaration spread across the Indonesian islands. More people began to support the idea of a revolution. The Japanese had supplied Indonesia. Nationalised with weapons happens. As allied troops moved into Indonesia and the Japanese Dutch and British attempted to assert their dominance a diplomatic and armed struggle ensued on September nineteenth. Nineteen forty five. Dutch internees raised the Dutch flag at the Hotel Yamato in Serbia East Java with the support of the Japanese this inflamed tensions with Indonesian nationalists. Who ripped the blue stripe off of the Dutch flag at the hotel? British troops arrived in their abaya. What they small Dutch military contingent in October aiming to take weapons from the Japanese Indonesians insent Japanese troops back to Japan but the Indonesians did not hand over their weapons? Fighting broke out between Indonesians Dutch and Eurasians on October twenty fifth around six thousand British troops under the command of Brigadier. Aws Alabi be entered Serbia. They were sent in to evacuate European internees and Malibu made an agreement that the British would not ask Indonesian troops to hand over their weapons and that British Indian troops would stay within an eight hundred meter perimeter of the harbor but they occupied key places across their abaya and on October. Twenty seven jakarta-based General. Hawthorne organized an airdrop of leaflets. That demanded Serbia's forces surrender their weapons Indonesia's armed with bamboo Tempur Speier's Molotov cocktails pistols and semiautomatic. Machineguns went up against the British troops in Serbia. The President Vice President and defense minister flew into the city and they negotiated a ceasefire but fighting continued. Anyway and Brigadier Mallaby was killed in the confusion on October thirtieth at that point the British decided to take Serbia back force. They sent in it more forces tanks warships and armed aircraft on November remember ninth. The British weren't the Indonesians that a full-scale assault would commence if they did not surrender the next day the British began to attack the city and over over the next couple of weeks. Thousands of people died were injured or fled the city though the Indonesia resisted they lost the battle still. The Battle of Serbia demonstrated the strength of the Republican resistance in Indonesia and the Indonesian National Revolution ended in nineteen forty nine with the Netherlands. Recognizing recognizing Indonesia's sovereignty over the United States of Indonesia today November tenth is celebrated as Heroes Day in Indonesia. I'm leaves Jeffcoat and hopefully you know a little more about history today than you did yesterday feel free to share your thoughts or your innermost feelings with us and with other other listeners on social media at t the eight th podcast or if you WANNA get a little more fancy you can send us an email l. at this day at iheartmedia Dot Com. Thanks for listening. And we'll see you tomorrow For more podcasts. From iheartradio visit the iheartradio APP apple podcasts. Ask or wherever you listen to your favorite shows. This is Julie Rieger author of the Ghost photographer and Co host of insider's guide to the other side. And I'm Brenda. I may not have written a book. But I mean Julie's book and or the most gifted so I on the planet listen to insiders insider's guide to the other side on the iheartradio APP apple podcasts. Or wherever you get your podcasts.
Episode 73 : Everything about India in West Indies
"Hub hopper originals hello and welcome to oh aids cricket show my name is hamid and i'm here with the very latest episode of these st- within a break a long break and via year with an amazing new season i know we have missed about most of the news about ash and off goes india india was this ongoing west indies india's west india store but <hes> it's been a long awaited vacation that we have been planning to having so in order to celebrate are written. I have in our studio mr sawhill shae. You're bitter view <hes> so sale. I did not get much chance to follow the ongoing india india tour of west indies but i have been hearing about very exciting developments. So what are the what are your thoughts that you like to share with listeners very much in the beginning to begin to divest india's <hes> too. I thought there must have been written more fight especially in the cities as we all know how not great how equipped displays of western these new generation but still it was a disappointing to be honest and surprising also <hes> when you see when you say about twenty cds first of all. Let's let's start with the results. <hes> oh who has a who has won many matches and what what was the c._d.'s on how many matches was it. Series is completed already. It was remade series and molested. Indies has already won. All india has already one of them. It was really hello three nil whitewash in india. That seems like a good starting point about this series. So who was a standout player for west indies. E and the second question question to you is who was this was a standout player for india in that cds in then regard western these standard clear yeah. No doubt was karen koehler who scored twenty runs was the highest scorer for them. No other player showed any residents in the betting specially and going to the eight was kind of a team report. Not a single player did everything <hes> eastern standard autism in current bullard for did for west indies but astill what positive for me was racial once phone who scored sixty five in the third match and acting so the first <hes> a standout performance or <hes> winning performance that he has one in limited was scheduled for india and it's it's video outstanding. Isn't it like guyland bullard all almost at the end of his this could here and he has been very good form. We have seen that when he was playing in apia. Also we have seen that kind of form in global t twenty canada and now that he's reproducing that form for his national side. I think it's a good sign for western is going towards the world cup t twenty next year yes again because it was just a one man show throughout the cities and they lost three zero against the india team which is not at full potential remember there <hes> resting their best ball in the world which is <hes> bouma and still the best men were not able to play the players who are making their combat making trying to make a point in the national league departure jaren calamba. How was the india's bowling performance. Were in that series. India's is bullying <unk>. Mostly the borders were new bullets. Were trying to make their mark wallace washington. Sooner roger departure khalil has been around for a year or so so this ball with barnish kamar kumar early <hes> experienced baller around you had a good outing boom edges edges so it was overall it was good experimentation for india especially for putin award arsenal as a backup he's and did rahula gail rahul managed to play in that in those between these final match he was taken. He was interrupted in for roy. Shurmur was given the rest scored improved endurance and not much yeah. He's position still question question mark <hes> he should be able to better in randy's with one around is difficult for him to make combines difficult for <hes> anyone would judge him on the busiest or one or two performance when his even when someone <hes> formidable arrested yeah an among the newcomers so as far as i know the newcomers which i knew like newcomers as such but the ocassional team players who was wash washington sooner than there is cornell ponder than the emergence of colella hammered and <hes> but you can see now that the dish of monday's is the default choice after the duni but <hes> yeah so we begin to be how we would have to leave him then manish gandhi of course so out of these flows rose of four players. Who do you think will be getting a john's for the extended runoff. Play like you know for the extended chances also let's not forget i think she has a year uh-huh okay. He's not indeed wendy. I guess so <hes> among these players who do you think might get an extended. The transa- front plea was <hes> szrious. Areas year was taken into the city's. Not you wanna match <hes> now easing cds and i think so he will review on a manchester last men but the match washed out and he was unable to bet <hes> today he might be given a chance. You might be able to bed because the weather is better than what was in the last match so according to me i am. I've been saying this for around three to forty years now. The <unk> the knicks best player for india and if you won the chancellor deputy extended run <hes> likelihood has been given a before he might he might he might have been the mo- forbes lord have would have been sorted and he might be india's next kept. He such kind of a player. He's the captain of the youngest captain upenn for them so he's these especially agree great talent again all three formats and in a similar manner. He's a kind of a player who's likely shop punt and but knows how healthy sensible in such an delicate situations so i think sorta <unk> a year should be given <hes> extended ronan and indeed indeed randy's original punishment beginner debit moran as we saw in the last match <hes> from the listed for players who will be given an extended run of play <hes> <hes> low of course apart from shares. I mentioned manish gandhi then cornell pandya of course colella hammered and washington does so from these four low these were ardo. Go very good talents and rising talents from india especially with the spectra deep twenty format we have seen diamond again in as well as other teat wendy wendy format matches that had been played across of past one or two years. So who is there any any anyone you feel like he. This player might get an extended play off order. The might get annoyed like for example khalil hammered or someone like that see. I'm sure there's four players which you mentioned would be around until the end of their careers but the thing is that could be around to be in the regular. Team is a different thing so i think so the player which <hes> you're you're asking about is will be there. Throughout the throughout route is i think so is khalil negotiate with the barnish organize form dipping out and they are not for shamin did randy's adding so colella mudd is a better choice. I remember he was the highest weaker indian weaker tigger in and he didn't even play off matches so he's in good form. He played well in tyranny. Cities also took around four or five years. I guess so he's got great talent for them. A left trump's pizza is very rare for indian side so oh he must be grown well. He has not one but i think he will be the one who will be getting extended run and he will be playing for a longer term toward his career. Now today is sunday yet. Recording this episode on sunday and that is i there is a second audio-video duty first duty. I unfortunately was washed out and that i kodiak do we got to see thirteen overs and in that thirteen overs. We got to see some good bullying from indian bases. <hes> i did manage is to wash through those thirteen. Chris gayle was on the one hand very struggling on in fact. All of their best friend was struggling except for even louis was looking in somewhat good touch. Even lewis has played good part in some some of the previous successes of west indies know going into the second or the ice. I hill <hes> this is a question for you. Who are the players that v she'll watch out for or who we expect to shine out from <hes> from this match c going forward in these cities <hes> the questions obviously will be in on any l._d._s. <unk> will be is mobile reasonable. <hes> which should i notice unsure as a year and secondly especially in the next second is will be mostly on chris gayle as he will be playing his three hundred and also oh he needs some seven or eight rounds to become the highest run getter in limited overs create who west indies crossing brand laura so that some <hes> ah to commander for player who has been struggling so much with the cricket board an coming <hes> he he he's running for two years old so <hes> playing at that age. It's it's very rare. <hes> and explosively is lost or a tournament so is will be upon him whatever he can perform if he gets it's essential your p._i._n. Or even a one hundred will be celebrated by caribbean all around the world many many exciting things to look forward to in today's the watch out for our audience view show tomorrow and along with that we will also be coming up with a preview to the second as she says as should it's turning turning out to be interesting as i as one australia this is played in england and it is very rare that australia goes out there and dominates this cds and that had had very interesting turn of events or the coups of five days. This is the death match edits premium best so do whatever for that preview as well with that brings ed. Thanks this. I'll thank you for joining me in today's episode revere. Thank you listeners for tuning in. If you want to reach out to us you can always his followers on twitter at a rate. It's issue or you can email me. It's homage chick reggie miller dot com. You can also visit our website. Which is it's wicked. Show dot hub dot com are you can all i can always subscribers if you need to share of video or audio podcast podcast and you can always google will find it right of way this. This is me homage. Jake signing up from today's episode have a great cricketing day <music>.
#B324 (buy out to BX)
"Hello word nerves to the dictionary So yeah this is it Let's see the end of page one sixty nine. Our first word is by out. B u y second word. Oh ut this is a noun from nine hundred seventy one one an act or instance of buying out to a financial. No wow what did i do here. i think i started to read the last word of the last episode. Yep i totally did that. So let's start this one over by out. Two words verb fifteen ninety eight This is transitive. One to purchase the share or interest of to to purchase the entire stock in trade and the goodwill of an example is a business next is by up to words transitive verb from circa fifteen thirty four one to buy freely or extensively to to buy the entire available supply of Yes i'm trying to think if i've ever done that No okay next. Word is buzz be used easy i form verb from the fourteenth century starting with in transitive one to make a low continuous humming. Sound like that of a b two a synonym our murmur and whisper to be to be filled with a confused An i got confused To be to be filled with a confused murmur as in the room buzzed with excitement. Three to make a signal with a buzzer four to go quickly. Synonym is hurry as in buzzed around town in a sports car. Also the synonym skram and that is usually used with the word off like buzz off number five to feel especially from a drug. Like i got a buzz. I'm buzzing from something Next is the transitive definitions one to utter covertly by or as if by whispering to to cause to buzz three to fly fast and close to as in planes buzzed the crowd. That's not very safe for to summon or signal with a buzzer also to let in through an electrically controlled entrance and that is used the word in or through as in buzzed. Him in number five is english dialect and it means to drink to the last drop as in get some more port while i buzz this bottle and that is a quote from w m thackeray. I like this this form this example. I'm going to finish up this bottle and you can go get some more butler. Please go get me some more report. Okay now we have the second form of buzz. This is a noun from circa sixteen hundred one eight persistent vibrant tori sound Sh maybe i should put a buzz in the background of this episode. Now that would be irritating. The number to a a confused murmur to be synonyms are rumor and gossip. To see a flurry of activity to d- synonyms are fad and craze. To e speculative or excited. Talk or attention relating especially to a new or forthcoming product or event as in one of the few new shows. That's getting a buzz. That is a quote from tv guide. What show were they talking about. What year could that have possibly been. I'm very curious. And then also an instance of such talk or attention as in their first cd created a huge buzz. I feel like cd should just be replaced with album. Because it can be lots of different forms of physical media number three a signal conveyed by buzzer specifically a telephone call and then number. Four is the number four definition for the word high which is similar to Let's see the number five definition for the first form which is to feel high especially from a drug and next wehab buzzard be u. z. A. r. d. noun from the fourteenth century. Oh by the way. I should say that. It is very very windy here today. And so you may hear the windows. Rattling a bit. As the wind picks up so number one for buzzard is chiefly british and we have the synonym beauty which Let's see. Can we find that real quick batallio. It's a hawk. Yep okay Now we have number to any various usually large birds of prey as the turkey vulture number. Three a contemptible or rapacious person. Next is buzz bomb. Two words noun from nineteen forty four and unguided jet propelled missile used by the germans against england in world war. Two next is buzz-cut noun from nineteen eighty fancy. That that's the year i was born and i for most of my life had a buzz cut Anyway the synonym is just crewcut. And then buzz cut with a hyphen is an adjective Yeah i think probably starting in Let's see maybe six grade something like that. I started getting a buzz cut. Just you know even short hair all over the place. And i think i had that until about two thousand eighteen. No sorry i had that until. Let me backtrack. I had for awhile. Then i had long hair then. I went back to it. Who cares about this information. Anyway i had it for most of my life. I'm kinda tempted to go back to it. 'cause it's just easy they don't have to think about what to do with your hair and right now i have a bit of a fro- going But it needs to cut all right next we have buzzer noun from sixteen zero six one one that buzzes specifically and electric signaling device that makes a buzzing sound number to the sound of a buzzer. Next is buzzkill one word noun from nineteen ninety-two one that has a depressing or negative effect. man that was such a buzzkill dude next is buzzsaw. Two words noun from eighteen forty seven synonym is circular. Saw next is buzzword. One word based buzzword noun from nineteen forty six and important sounding usually technical word or phrase. Often of little meaning used chiefly to impress layman. You know so the people who don't quite understand the jargon that you're talking about buzzwords sound super fancy number. Two a voguish word or phrase phrase vogue as in like. Oh it's such in vogue and then it's it's voguish of. Oh gosh word or phrase called. Also buzz phrase next we have There's gonna be some abbreviations here but this first one is b. v. d. all caps. This is a trademark and it is used for underwear so this is just a brand that makes underwear. Dvd's i think there was some comedy song can't think of which one it is right now. It might have been weird. Al might have been somebody else that mentions. Bvd's in there somewhere. I don't know it's just you know it's just a trademark like hoover for vacuum and kleenex for knows tissues. Next we have be vitamin got. Make sure that you get your b vitamins. I should probably take one today. Actually this is a noun from nineteen twenty any vitamin of the vitamin b complex. Next is be vm. All caps abbreviation for blessed virgin. Mary had no idea that she was so important. That she got a whole abbreviation. Next rehab be the thi. This is all lower case. It is an abbreviation for breath. It b. r. e. v. e. t. next is b. w all caps abbreviation for one bacteriological warfare or biological warfare. Either one totally cool number two black and white like when you're talking about photography next is wanna be w. a. n. a. This is a noun from eighteen. Seventy five and we have these synonyms master and boss This is a swahili word from the arabic word buna which means our father. So that's that's gonna next is bwi. I all caps abbreviation for british. West indies next is kind of a silly abbreviation It is be x. All of it for the word box so we went from three letters to two letters and finally we have be ex again. All caps abbreviation for exchange. So we had by out by up buzz buzzard buzzbomb buzz-cut buzzer buzzkill. Buzzsaw buzzword bvd vitamin b. vm bvt. Be w wanna. Bwi be x. and b. x. I do want to say that it is very important to make sure that you get all your b-vitamins either in your food your feud or your or actual vitamins. Which is how. I get them mostly. But i'm going to pick buzz cut as the word of the episode because It's just a very important part of my life personally If you if you wanted to pick a different one let me know you can send me an email. You can send me a message. You can call my google voice all those fun things. Thank you very much for listening. And until next time. This is spencer. Dispense information goodbye.
Live Like the Captain! (Die Young, Pot-bellied, & Sick)
"Hello and welcome to the food. Disruptors, the podcast, where capitalism meets America's food culture. I'm teary sa- Brown and together with my co host Rettig Lawrence. We delve into the stories of the big personalities who have shaped our food system. And what why and how we eat today for better and for worse, and we look to the future two interviews with today's food disruptors who even as we speak or determining everybody's nourishment in health as well as the health of the planet in years to come. That's me Hardee's raise up the jolly Roger and come on board for episode twenty eight of the food disrupters if you danced we're sailing into the treacherous waters of the Spanish main where sugar barons and privateers gave no quarter while they raped pillage plundered and enslaved becoming food disruptors. The most notorious sort in the trade of sugar, and rum launched America's food system. So that was pretty amazing adventure you and I had last Saturday. Oh, absolutely. And it was really great talking with tristen and just how he's taking this thing rum has sort of a terrible past and trying to turn it around into something. That's really really good, right? Justin, Merman of Batiste rum, where he produces his rum in Marin county, but not actually at the place where we interviewed him, which I have to say was just so amazing to me. Yeah. It really was. It was it was a great a great day trip. I never knew that San Quentin California was anything other than a huge state prison. No one. It was this cute. Little little town with some great houses with great views of the of the bay. So that was that was a great adventure. Even though we we kind of overshot it first and ended up at the prison gates for it. So picking up picking up from there with our rummaged ventures who are we talking about today? Rum rum is one definition of rum is sort of good or great. So I like that are rum adventures and a rumour benches today take us back in history to the source of rum in global markets, which really started in the middle to the end of the sixteenth century and in the Caribbean. Also known as the West Indies, so rum actually originated in the West Indies in the fifteenth and. Sixteenth centuries with the production of sugar when white European explorers, I invaded and proceeded to imperialistic -ly take over these lands that were inhabited by indigenous people, and that really was it was one of those things where it was so connected to the slave trade at imperialism and all these other things it's not not too surprising that ended up being a sort of terrible industry. Well, let's let's talk a little bit about that. And then we're gonna talk about a couple of food disruptors whose lives centered on the sugar, and rum trades in the West Indies, the first one James Drax was a sugar planter in Barbados, and he actually was qualifies as a food disruptor that somebody whose actions resulted in some pretty fundamental changes to the foods. System in his case, the global food system by extension the food system that was just taking off in the newly settled American colonies, but the other guy Henry Morgan really wasn't a food disruptor per se who's just disrupt. Here Illy was it just rupture. I he was by certain lights, actually, probably the most accurate accurate lights are really vicious pirate. He was also a an extremely capable naval command while not naval in the official centers. But he was a really good sailing captain and a really good military strategist. And apparently just an incredibly charming guy, 'cause he he sort of finagled his way into very high level government posts a knighthood so Jane's Drax he was a planter in Barbados in the early part of the seventeenth century. He first sailed to bar Baidoa's in sixteen twenty seven and he landed there when he was only eighteen but. We need to we need to give this some context 'cause not everybody was just going on sailing vacations. Back in the day. Yeah. What was going on that that led him to to strike out for betas? Well, he was the second son of a gentleman vicar in Warwickshire England, and she knows England had the the the cultural mandate of prema- janitor. So that's the way for son inherits everything. And so it's a lot less fun to be a subsequent, son. And unless you're unless you're older brother is quite sickly, and you have high hopes of him dying. But and of course, if you're a woman just all bets are off, of course from the gecko. Drax was the second son. His family has such an interesting surname, Drax D, R A X. Another reminds me of that's the character in gardens of the galaxy sounds very alien. Oh, is it because I thought it sounded wonderfully villainous, and then I came to learn that it it had been used as the name of the bad guy in Ian, Fleming's live and let die and and maybe there was was there movie moon raker that? Yeah. Same things. So the bad guy, the antagonist was Drax, which is just such a great name. But we suspected it is of Dutch origin, something far less malevolent. In dutch. I'm sure dry, and the Drax is were -ffiliated with a very powerful sort of Dutch merchant princes of the day in those days. The Dutch really ruled the seas and they funded. This trip and this second son of, you know, their friends Drax is in England was on board this ship to the Caribbean. And they one of their captains had determined had accidentally been blown off course and landed on our betas, and he and his crew carved the name of the king into a tree close to the beans, and that was their way of declaring Barbados for England. And then they sell back a the Dutch followed on so they land on our betas. And I don't know how many people that would be on the ship. Maybe about eighty men, and there's nothing there. So if you ever been to the Caribbean island are used to go to Puerto Rico every summer, but beyond that now, what did you do hang out at the beach? It was sort of a beach. We did the first time we did some sightseeing. And then it was just my friends family lived there. So we would visit them go to the beach and enjoy ourselves. Nice. So I imagine that. The beach. You know in the win drags landed. There. The island was completely densely forested with tropical forest it came right up to the edge of the sand. And then this pristine white sand and probably crystal clear. Beautiful aquamarine water not much to eat in evidence other than fish if they could catch it. Although I I gather there were see turtles any eventually the landing party did capture some sea turtles to eat. But there was nothing there except blistering hot sun, a lot of NATs, and I think some pretty aggressive carnivorous crabs that would each people's toes. Yeah. It's if sounded pretty tests Drax and his shipmate, a I lived in a cave, and then they constructed basic shelters with trees that they huge down. But. This was hard tropical wood, and it was like rock for most of their tools in their tools would get rusty real fast. And they weren't used to this heavy moist heat in the atmosphere. So anyhow, it was tough going what we know from that is that the Drax was a very physically capable young man and determined because he and his shipmates cleared enough land to eventually plant a fuse small subsistence crops. We of course, they were British that was the beginning of the agricultural dynasty that eventually developed in the bar betas. So they also planted tobacco. That was the reason for the venture in the first place. They knew that Virginia colony seemed to be doing. Okay. And it looked like tobacco might grow in this region. Which? Did so tobacco was the first crop was sent back to England. And right at that moment, there was a shortage of tobacco from other markets. So they got also they must have made out like bandits. Well, they did. But their triumph was short lived. Because it was soon determined that the tobacco was really bad. No, I'm not quite sure. In those days what constituted good tobacco and bad tobacco. People smoked pipes and goes, oh, of course, of course. Yeah. So the forbade us tobacco quickly got a pretty bad reputation. But more and more Senate settlers arrived in Barbados, and they continue to plant tobacco. But Drax and a few other farsighted agriculturalists figured out that cotton was a better bend. So I switched from tobacco to cotton. And there were big cotton mills already in Lancashire in England, and they were looking for alternative sources. So the continent that grew in poor betas was good quality, some kind of specialized machinery was needed in the fields and the cotton had to be handled in a very particular manner in expensive canvas Benz. For shipment. The point being that Drax did convince some merchant creditors to back him in his cotton dealings. And he grew good cotton, processed and packed and shipped it appropriately and the merchants got a good return on their money and Drax got a reputation for being a solid business guy. 'cause so he's already sort of. He's a knack for it. And his figuring out ways to make money off of his crop and gaining a reputation among backers back in England. So by now, his his a grown man, and we're moving into the sixteen forties and cotton and to Baco grew well there, but right around sixteen forty the markets for these commodities collapse, globally bad times all around so Drax decided that maybe he. He'd try his hand at sugar, and we think that this was not a, you know, a bolt from the blue. The Dutch were very involved in sugar refining in the early to mid seventeenth century. So they got their sugar from outposts that they had taken over from the Portuguese in Brazil and the northern coast of South America. What we now? Call Dutch Ganda all of these global powers were vying for stake holes in the Caribbean islands. And as soon as everyone saw that the Portuguese had made a killing in sugar, and that the IBM peninsula became the nexus of wealth in Europe, and it was because of sugar. So the Dutch preceded to invade and go to war with the Portuguese in the Caribbean. And they also wanted other sources of sugar. So the Dutch connections that the Drax family had helped James Drax set up a sugar operation, and that is something that is is quite unique in the pre industrial era and one of probably the most complex agricultural commodity in the world at that time. How did they harvest and make the the sugar back then because I know if talked a little bit about modern day shuker techniques, but this was quite a while before all those came around. This was what about it was almost exactly two hundred years before Klaus, speckles Egli and his Hawaiian ventures is sugar grows. Best sprouting from Kane cuttings and the Portuguese new this. And the Dutch new this and the Portuguese had learned it actually from the native era. Walk people who live on. On the northern coast of the territory above or north of Ville, some era walks were persuaded to come and I'm not using that term. Ironically, I think they did come with their own free will to bar Baidoa's along with sugarcane cuttings brought by the Dutch, and very importantly, the technology to process sugar. So let's go through that pretty briefly in the pre industrial processing of sugar. It's just a bit to cut it by hand. It's is heavy machete work in hot humid conditions. The sugarcane is we've we've said before is grass and the leaves on the outside of the sugar. Cane, stocks are very sharp. They'll cut your hands and the sugar cane fields in the Caribbean were absolutely infested with rats. And yeah. And lots of fighting bugs too. So it it's hot hard nasty work to harvest the king then as tristen noted last week when talking about the sugar cane Jisr from which he ferments his room. Sugar. Cane turns bad as soon it starts to go bad just as soon as it's cut. So before it spoils, the juice has to be pressed out of it. So the cut cane would be hustled over to these vertical stone mills, and we have pictures of this on our website at the food disruptors dot com, these primitive mills that were three vertical stones, and they pushed the cane in between into turn the mills they use the Dutch technology windmills, but that was unreliable. So they also used oxen and occasionally horses as the power to turn the mills we should at this point say that it had been discovered by the Portuguese that the African peoples whom they had captured an enslaved and shipped over to Brazil were heartier in terms of these brutal. Working conditions. And this is what else was going on with the Dutch was they had developed a significant trade. A horrible trade in human trafficking. So in African slaves and they were looking for new markets. So they saw developing the sugary Konami on our betas as a new market that they could delve into. So it was it was the the buying end of of the the slave trade as well. In addition to supplying to supply Cain, basically. Yes, right. It was a whole economic system. So the juice pressed in these mills, and then the Jews would be usually sort of through a gravity fed funnel the juice would run into a series of four or five huge. Copper pots the pots were sized in descending order, so I would go into the biggest one, and it would be heated up to a certain consistency and the scum would be skimmed away. And all of this was done by boiler. This. Person had to have a really good sense of exactly wind to move the liquid into the next level of pot. The boiler had to understand the conditions in which the Cain had grown had been a wet year dry year. And even understand something about the pest infestations in order to properly boil down the juice. So the Jews would eventually be reduced reduced reduced. So is in the smallest pot. And then when it was at the perfect moment, it it would be they call it striking the pot, which means they cover up the fire and do need it and ladle this hot sticky liquid into a cooling cistern. Did you make suckers or candy when you were maybe once or twice? I I just remember though, it's hot sticky stuff all over it sticks to everything it's it's a massive you don't you don't wanna stick your finger in right and lick your finger. Sir. You will get a major burn. If you do that and said, this was really dangerous work that these slaves were pressed into an and as soon as the industry began to develop the boiling took place in what we're called boiling houses. And they were exactly that they were hellish people did die when accidentally the sugar would spill and and cover them, and then there's horrible stories about slave torture involving vats of boiling sugar and that without the food disruptors is a family pod. So we weren't good too graphic detail, but the treatment of the slaves in the Caribbean was horribly brutal, and based in constant violence, but just to finish with the sugar processing, so they. Boil it and then quick lime which is counsel them. Carbonate was added to the cooling sugar syrup, and it would begin to crystallize. And then they would put it in these earthenware pots and the molasses or the juicy part of the sugar would drip down towards the bottom of these sort of flower pot like vessels than they would whack off the bottom of the flower pot, and the juice would pour out, and they did this two degrees of refinement after the molasses it out they'd let it drain more than they spread this sort of brownish Mussa vodka sugar out in the sun to dry. So quite a process extremely labor intensive and then it would be packed up and put in hog saids and shipped for further refining in on Amsterdam or. London or Humbert? So that was the industry that developed. It was very capital intensive but Drax, thanks to his cotton enterprise. He was eligible for good credit from the merchant investors in London Amsterdam and he made a killing in. Capital intensive flip side of that is there's a big barrier to entry. So if you can get your things lined up, you can make a lot of money off of it. That's exactly right. And the the people who got into the bore betas early did become what are called the sugar barons. And they owned vast vast plantations on the order of you know, a thousand to two thousand acres because there were. Definitely economies of scale in processing sugar, so Drax his less singular food disruptor, unlike sprinkles, or or some of the other American magnets, we've talked about, but he was a prototypical sugar barons, and one of the first to really made this trade take off in the West Indies. And may it was sugar that made I as we said Spain in Portugal, and then the Dutch and the the French were in there fighting for two as as we learned Batiste drum is made in the French West Indies, so they held onto some but the British really dominated the sugar trade for once. They took it away from Spain, which will talk. But before before we leave James Drax and his immense, wealth and holdings that were all based in sugar, we should talk a little bit about the nature of the global trade that made that possible, and you know, where I'm going with the slave trade. Always sit is the slave trade also known as in those days, the triangular trade, and so let's just let's just start with James Drax shipping his sugar. He would eat Michigan it to Britain Amsterdam or Hamburg, or I should have said to the northern American colonies, and they're they definitely wanted sugar which wouldn't grow in that region and Milan, which they would for Manton make into rum, and then they would refined sugar and ship it to English. Land and trade for goods, or if Drax is sugar went straight to the continent there, it would be traded for goods. And then the goods were brought down to the European empires that were being created in Africa and the goods traded for slaves and the slaves would then be shipped across on the notorious hellish Atlantic middle passage right across the Atlantic to Brazil in the West Indies and traded there for sugar and everybody was taking a profit at every turn of the triangular trade, including the northern colonies of America. It was actually vital to the economic growth of the northern American states in the sense that that produce the sugar that drove the economy up there. So an interesting thing I was thinking about well. While you're talking about that is you know, this is back breaking work to get the sugar going. Plus, it's part of this trade is triangular trade is do think that sugar would have been such a big thing or even possible to be the big thing without slavery. Or it is it is it really inherently tied up in in the slave trade. We know that in the land swish sugar goods naturally the indigenous populations did not, cultivate, it as a big agricultural crop. They would enjoy sugar cane ges off the stock, but there was very little refining of it in among indigenous populations where it was grown and traded in the Middle East men in India way back when and in Egypt, their slave labor was definitely employed ruin arduous tasks, it wasn't always African slaves. It was usually conquered peoples were in slaved. And forced to do the back breaking dangerous incredibly unpleasant agricultural work that that fed the concrete populations. So could could sugar have been cultivated without slavery. No, I don't think so, you know, before the industrial age everything was done by hand. And nobody wears sugar grew wanted to, cultivate, it pre industrial capitalists, even if they had been in some were willing to get their hands dirty and grow the cane by themselves, but they just couldn't do it on a level of production that made it economical. It's a big scale. It's a big scale crop a big scale processing crop. Will. They did try to do it with indentured servants who were essentially treated as slaves but indentured servants by large wooden. Have it, and they rebelled and were terribly unruly. And couldn't be cowed. The way that the poor people imported from Africa could be who didn't even speak the same languages together. So they couldn't unite and organize rebellions as easily as white indentured servants. So no probably sugar would not have existed without slavery. And probably the world would have been such so much better. Probably would have been what what came next for James Drax. He became very wealthy. And did he remember correctly that he also got a some sort of you know, title back in Britain. Eventually he did go back to Great Britain and left his estate to his second, son. Because the first said he left it to the first the first promptly died. And so Henry Jackson's second son preceded to. To run the greatest state, and and James strikes. He was knighted. And then he did end up with a Baroness easy. And so was kicked up into the air stock receivers efforts in sugar, and he died presumably a satisfied man in in Great Britain, and the king did appreciate these planters who were making Great Britain, incredibly wealthy duties on the imported sugar, and then with the trade in refining the sugar and shipping refined sugar into Europe. And so it was it was all gravy for for the king. And so he was very pleased with the activities of James Drax. Another guy who gained the favor of the king through even more notorious activities was Henry Morgan. And this is the namesake for captain Morgan spiced. From which is I think. I think how people now sort of socio him so closely with the with sugar in alcohol, but but his history wasn't necessarily wasn't a seri- something you'd want to emulate. No. And I gathered that the who's the big company that owns captain Morgan rum now data so their marketing campaign not too long ago had a one liner. What was it live like the captain something like that? So Henry Morgan was a privateer of privateer was a pirate sanctioned by the Royal authorities. They were given what was known as a mar which was basically a licensed to go attack merchants ships sailing under the flag of England's enemies and other countries. Did this to Henry Morgan was Brit? Actually, he was Welsh. He ended up in Barbados as an indentured servant and found his way. Way to Jamaica and Jamaica Port Royal was just the hell hole of the Caribbean. And it was populated by at least twelve hundred privateers who all commanded their own fleets of pirates, really, but they were pirates operating under a Royal, Mark or license. England was at war with Spain Henry Morgan it turns out was a really good captain. And he was only supposed to go after Spanish ships. But he decided it was much easier and more profitable to go after Spanish cities or towns in the Caribbean. So captain Morgan was a privateer. He was also an incredible navigator captain of men. He was extr-. Really charismatic although fundamentally pretty much a bad person. And he was an amazing cunning strategist. He'd he always outwitted the other guys he they think he'd be attacking by C needs sneak around in canoes and then crawl through the jungle in attack by land when the enemy expected him by sea, and it's fun to read the military history of these privateers. And that's why it probably white has been so remanded Cise and made into all these movies and this book, captain blood, and I just watched the other night Blackbeard the pirate Blackbeard hesitant for captain Morgan. But captain Morgan when he was outgunned. He would ram the other ship with a fake ship and started on fire and burn the other the other galleon he. He this one time he was trapped in this lake Murray vote done in Venezuela, and he had to get out to this very narrow passage and the Spanish had fort with all of the guns trained right down at the passage and a galleon at a fleet waiting to attack captain Morgan as he emerged, and so they had a ship that they captured at one of the city's they plundered and they took logs and they put hats on the logs and just the log something like pirates, and then they cut holes in the side of the ship, and stuck logs that looked like cannons the holes, and they created this wonderful decoy that the Spanish focused all their their guns on and then they took down all the sales of their main ships and pretended to land. So then the Spanish were. Expecting the pirates to do the old attack by land. But really they swam back to the ship kept their sales down, and they went out with the tide, and they just scooted right around this huge Spanish naval force, this whole armada that had been trained against him. So he became this legendary hero in England. They loved him even though he was doing the legal stuff. He already back in the day. So in the mid seventeenth century was this incredibly romantic hero. He did use some of his plundered wealth to buy sugar plantations, which is why he's on our show about food disruptors and also because he was just an icon of everything that was wrong with the sugar trade in the seventeenth century moving into the eighteenth century. And I'm sure he drank a lot of. As well. Oh, yes. That's an excellent place to route this up because we had said that this Chiro and their captain Morgan brand rum, and it's not just by Strom. They have about eight or ten divert lines, and they had this slogan. Live like, the captain, and he's always striking this pose with one leg bent and forward, and sort of his Kate blowing in the wind behind him and his sword raised in his pirates three cornered hat tilted at a rakish angle with a big feather on the side. So Henry Morgan died of the most horrible drop Z and John dis when he was only fifty two and well before that I mean, he had this sort of heyday of five years when he performed all these naval exploits, and then he was a hard drink guy. And he was in the taverns and stayed up. Late over much according to too many records, and he was yellow and pot bellied and a really sad bedraggled figure right now in his late forties. And he died early very unpleasant death at fifty two just it's not it's not good for your health to be a pirate. Well, you probably don't want to live like the captain. Right. We have many more rollicking tales of sugar and rung in America's food system. But next week we're going to get our land leads back under us with the surprising perspective on one of the new darlings of foodies everywhere, the luscious of KADO or as translates from the ancient knock what all or as tech language the testicle fruit. It's going to be fun. Should've visit our website the food disruptors dot com for our show notes. Great visuals and deeper dives. We love hearing from you. So feel free to comment and keep the conversation going see next week. The food. Disruptors is created written and hosted by Theresa Brown, co hosted by Ruddick Lawrence website and tech support by Dan Curren, and is produced an edited by Charlene Goto of Goto productions if you like what you hear be sure and subscribe rate and comment to the show on apple podcasts or wherever you find your podcast media. Thanks for listening.
Cricket World Cup Postcast: England v Pakistan | South Africa v Bangladesh | Group Stage Tipping
"At farmers insurance. We know every windshield collision has unique sound beetle Burt boop. Drone seen it covered. Click for more we are RBIs underwritten by farmer's truck fire insurance exchange center. Affiliates products unavailable in every state diabet- city. So you think you know, you're cricket. He's your chance to prove it for free and you could win one hundred thousand pounds in cash the smart money. Herro. Why they warm. Welcome to the rice in post cricket wold Cup post cost on Bruce Millington and we'd go. Full house in the studio. James Milton and Matt Allen from the writing plays cricket desk on Jon Bon John hill from coral John before we talk about the cricket. It took about that show. What's kind of mad? Yeah. For trauma, best bit of a cowboy fame to the shirt today. How many different shirts did that start out as we've got the blue then we've got the tall and she's a. Go for a few to get there. But there were say Australia, yes fame. Great shout. Very good. John. Well, looking back on inversely South Africa, the curtain raiser, and we're looking ahead to a raft of I rent not first round munchies, but matches there is no such thing as a first-round. It's a group first of all, before we look ahead. Let's look back to the current England versus South Africa. Has it go from Abedin perspective, Jim while he was a brilliant star, the most of your batting mooned onto polls before the tournament, you delighted with the way star eight depict co already six to four now to win this tournament from seventy four yesterday to the Shaw, they both show but you look yesterday was the perfect start wasn't really. Got the runs on the border dolls for brilliant in the failed cash from stores someday open a great bowling performance against the side desktop. Forget we're ranked number freeing the wolves. So this was arguably the toughest teams could face so job, don't want win on the board. You know, it's going to be a Merckel. Did not qualify to the semifinals now. So effective you get six two four two win two games. So following the final, I'm easy. Is that until that catch by stakes? We just having a laugh in the officer because Jimmy one of our one of the guys out there. He went to the cricket, and he was, we knew areas position because he texted some of the lines, you sit here. I am a soon as that catch went in everyone's heart. Jimmy's gonna get the most incredible view of that, because it was going straight towards in basically, if it Stokes and quarter Evert she would have. So it comes in. Everyone's what was it like what was it like I was having a slash there. Well they use manage to game with four pines and see. Your schedule. It was absolutely unbelievable. Wasn't it? I'm apart from the catch of the of the series sewn up Matt. What was what was the main takeout from you for England, South Africa? Great star yet. Four batsmen Gaw, fifties on quite a tricky oval pitch and the four that did get fifties, weren't your best or a border who have been in four many ways. So now six batsmen inform. Scoring free. Hinged on fatty, tricky wicket and South Africa, a little bit one dimensional especially with the bat. We talked about England's power earlier. If South Africa, if carpenters them come off all van to do soon, nothing. I going to struggle, especially talking about that, that Bovery well on a bottle, or coaches, and on pretty tricky kit, but they're going to stay in which, obviously enhances that bowl in. But if they're gonna play all that frontline bowlers off staining giddy to here, and Roberta, you cannot about staying eight which is doesn't really bode well for them. And I think Kate, James, Joe for arch approving Agar's, fears completely. He's, he's slips dry and looks. Great doesn't. He is absolutely fantastic. That's, that's the positive thing we've been so used to them scoring massive massive totals kinda three hundred and eleven you know quite show, the betting still had them as four to six favorites of the break. And that's your thing when you saw some Africa. But I think the value of Ben Stokes is innings kind of increase because he was a measured innings. Really? And I think you could see them getting a bit. Frustrated the ball wasn't quite coming onto the bat, but they got themselves up above three hundred and then yeah, the new ball spell archers pace and hostility on Chris works, keeping really ties the other nothing. If those to stay fit, you know, the first ten overs, they're going to cause all sorts of problems you both like seeing them before him, but six to four they getting a little short for you. But I wouldn't be I wouldn't be plunging and just on the basis of that, that one game but you have to say, you know, they lost the toss South Africa, put them into bat, a basket well on not a straightforward pitch in and out of thought she'd was super. And yet, just a an excellent fielding display. Overseeing a very impressive around display. I would say that. Yes, I'll Africa. We, we mentioned that middle-order think at the start of the tournament and you just don't trust them at home in the JP Dumeni play to, to get out when the run rate was only only six and a half and over still required. He'd already boundary in the over. He just needs to be knocking around and staying there. And, and just kind of lofted one too long often. It was a really kind of hall all to show. And as Matt says, when when stained comes back, I think maybe not the next game. But the one ofter yeah. There there's going to be even more pressure on, on that top water. So if that's what the don't get the job done. I think they're going to struggle imbalanced on England very balanced. They are completely two sets of a union. Yeah. Yeah. Are you kind of Stokes stop brings them together? Okay. Let's look at it to game three takes place in Cardiff on Saturday starts at ten thirty and is New Zealand versus Sri Lanka, and I'm guessing, John, that court of New Zealand fell short hair, and the other one to fall new free to Walden on our preview show where we were so against you. We all felt that they possibly could finish him in, in the group and possibly not even when a game Brousseau. I can't imagine many people are going to be rushing into gear to be north thing. Some people kind of still might be realized the extent to which they've, they've descended from the good old days. An unjust, taika shine say because it kind of sounds big three to one Schreker while the absolutely you look at the last three or four World Cup shrunk of big players. They've all been big close. Why balk Ricky and. Team now is how many names you recognize on that team. She how many could you stab? You taught me head, you know, bucket. A great teams you can then six seven great is now I don't recognize him. So I think this is going to be comfortable Newseum win at one to four from the batons, right museum. They're going get after winning star. And I guess it will be a way of looking at alternative markets. Have you wanna play you wanna try and find a working moms price? The boys will give so much it's and then when might be looking some of those John first of all James anywhere the worries. I mean look, so it's going to be loving warm everywhere. Tamar. Yes. I think I'm off to Norwich and expecting twenty six degrees. As my dad's seventieth family kayaking down the river to publish. Yeah. Life jacket and speed owes from. Back. They'll be calls involved on the way. You're going to be following action Venice. Yeah. Yes, I will certainly have what will be having. I think I think Trent bolts can have a big say, in this much shrine, shrine because issue really is, is the batting I'm probably their bowling on the building. We mentioned in a preview show that they've had to replace Sanga car. I think full centuries in a row at the lost workup joy warden at Dilshan and the, the batsman who've come back and none of them really state to claim and they're going to be up against tremble who's in a rich vein of form to eight wickets in the in the warm up games. And I mean his his stats in the warm up game against the West Indies give them the New Zealand conceded, four hundred twenty one I think both ended up with four for fifty or something she's fantastic. So I think Sri Lanka's openers are gonna really struggle against him. He's, he's five to two top wicket-taker twelve to one man of the match is also worth a little interest, but yeah, I fully expect New Zealand to get to a winning stop a sold about bolt for James Matt bushel betting approach going to be here. I would get with New Zealand's have the highest ten overs fifteen I was school. Looking at their warm games, only on one occasion of strengths top sixty didn't even score faster the Ruina bowl. Anyone who they might not be? Enjoy some of that same spirit. Engineer Matthews is probably with somebody goes for it and goes up, she Bernard he does, but I mean they've got ceremony top of the order, who's pretty slow coach and then Carina right now use the captain again these things we said in the previous year. He'd not play not I won't have played not I until tomorrow before last swim. Quotes it for years. Yes. So New Zealand of Tillman wrote. It's all I'm Williamson at free. One thing kind of quite an exodus Ronca won't thing in there. Favor is the venue car to spin quite a and obviously, if you look him to get with them probably in. That's what we can take he'd go with spinners who, particularly as dawn is yeah, he's takes quite few wickets. And then obviously in terms of pace, they've got Malinga in Matthew's bone of a meeting New Zealand also showed in very good spinners, as well. So that it's quite quite nicely balanced. So it's going to be running festive shrink about. I know no wouldn't wouldn't think so. Yeah. Then again if news even but I oversaw on Malton up till for, for top tournament. Run scores are highly can knuckle down ago. Big school, Johnny you tipping. We'll just providing prices and modeling shirts shirts is always us. Always look at some of the it's going to be popular at five is until I that one. I'm amazed Malinga still going fling billing for your now, again voices takes the slaves, but around forever. So this is a rage. Mark is variable. You mentioned the Monday of the month as well. They're so very quickly. One bell on the game h what's it gonna be shrimp boats? Use Elam wicked five to, to use the highest time school and Joan came Williamson top Bosmo, contrite go, so right, we'll do these other Saturday game. And look at it Sunday Monday. Next Davis city say you think. So you think you know your kid? He's Yotam to prove it for free, and you could win a hundred thousand pounds in cash the smart money. He's uncool ROY look at the other game on Saturday. It takes place at Bristol. It's Afghanistan versus Australia and party, one almost look cited betting markets. We're gonna get on hold tournament. John hills. How did John hill, did they Alan Brazil, John ELS? He's always going to join hills isn't as is. To him on that a million times. But you'll get nowhere with Cowboys. Well, so does actually see my shirts. Right. And John hill. Howdy. Coral bet on Afghans Dombi, Australia. Australia, ten to one on going to be the woman show is prices of any of the marches of his told them enough ghanistan six to one of your fancy opponent. They're both really been quite population downright market have been the second best team behind England. And our seventy-two there. There were nine to two before the England in that WalMart game last week. So, you know, the juice been taken out of them, low punches fit could go all the way, I think, conditions are going to suit them in England. I think they had the lead in fracturing chances, in this tournament nuts, these boys call. I haven't been to con- ATO. Honestly, we can't really get rich on one to ten Australia. But how can we make on this? I think there is a way into this and it's David Warner to be the taller `szralia, or we talk much. But these two played four years ago, imperfect believe Australia's were formed in seventeen to six and one hundred and seventy eight hundred and thirty three a big advantage of bucking Warner in this market. Is that he would know a lot of Afghanistan's best players from playing an IPO because they are brutal Nazi twenty and. Mustard spinner Russia calm, but he actually plays the same team as Warner, so he would have faced in, in the nets and his variations on also, if there's betting on kind of lot room lines, planet brisk fluish cost more ground. So this could be they could get four hundred and twenty again, another beauty, of course, is Afghan. If Afghans Afghanstan do win and have a bat and get skittled. Then it means that the opening more chill, I think Warner could buy three really. Finch and Kawagoe could nothing both been really good full. Yeah. No. The loss game is coming at three. Okay. So we're going to go with Warner talk on hill. What's your idea of a good bet here? Yeah. I think you've got to look at the, the room score markets, really, I think Steve Smith's, going to be the key Monfort stroll in this tournament, he's seven to two to be the top run scorer her back Tim to be the top ones go in the tournament sixteen. So I'm open Smith. Guests after Goodson. If you'll get against them. Nobody going at full. Yeah, if today but I guess without from was from what I saw against Afganistan in the womb game are don't if they're gonna. I was going to put in a good word for coadjutor bats go quota basis. We're all already seventy two. Finished blowing ironic. So we're bit confused. They're only we'll different Australian talk bats. Would you go, topless striding bass moon decided we might as well just get bigger process on the top match batsman? Yeah. Is this hard to see any of the Afghan pies batting for alone? Someone that goes some fantastic stroke, plays, if you're looking for top Afghanistan box, we're all assuming the, the they all going to struggle with this step up and clause against the Australian quick bowlers, particularly Mohammed Nabi comes in further down the order. He's played some upset unbelievable innings for, for Leicestershire in, in the teach. Once he blasted in the big bash as well. And he's a fantastic hit too. So, you know, if that kind of one hundred for five or something he can come in. I'm a bit of fun late in the innings. I, I think as important issue the Afghan is stonewall, long considered one of the kind of Luxembourg's in football sense. It, they are actually not bad at all. In terms of differential between England. Football looks. Yeah. Then they're not. Then that'd be Pakistan in a warm up game. The, you know, the very competitive against violence, or a decent Sar themselves. But I'm just thankful. I just think for that campaign that looking at the Bangladesh and Sri Lanka games as best chances, in your talked about Australia are probably one of the top free teams in the world show. Okay. We'll talk in a bang, the dish, featuring the next and takes place on Sunday at the oval which South Africa versus Bangladesh, South Africa, obviously smarting from from yesterday but short favorites edge on you. Yeah. With to bounce the two two seven to win this game. Bangaladeshi eleven to four so yeah, the knee win bolt. They lose this off Africa. Forget about them in the tournament. So they pressure on South Africa's shoulder in this game. And I don't think Bangladesh at that, but other they're very improving side. And people might be tempted to Ireland fall or the in the Bank shows that doesn't it really, you know, I it's, it's no. A an absolute shut case binding means do you think, South Africa could struggle? Hey, james. Yeah. Think a thing might hard work though. Certainly wouldn't be rushing to stick them in, in an actor or anything until you to seven at Bangladesh or a good sides of England in in the last World Cup. And the pretty much the same core of experience plays converts mush macabre hime shaky about Hassan the skip a multi. So there are very, very experienced on a lot of these guys. We've mentioned a lot of teams of this kind of big bashful, IPO experienced best at Bazzi will bowling over, you probably say the batting and, and the spin bowling is their strengths. And they're, they're always question marks over there. Same as when the quite good enough, Mr. Fizeau Rochman, who's a left on quick. You made a stunning start to his career and then kind of one and a little bit flat. But he's look good in, in recent weeks. The, the bets I like cheers Quinton coke to his a six evens. Let's decent against England. Hit two sixes, one of the pace of Liam Plunkett. One of Moen's off-spin and yeah. I think he's, he's such an important player for, for some Africa. That's hopefully older thing. He could clear the ropes again. Did you like it? When you got to wells there, don't feel it was merits it. Authors to sound that being said it is. Now bruce. Spoiled for choice out now really. Absolutely anything, aside enough time to do your homework. Ask you is looking at the oval pitch on expected these, we didn't expect it, but there was a failing that this could be a batsman's tournament. Did you see anything that pitch in the first game to might you think actually it might not be quite like that? Or did you think they didn't bat? Particularly what I definitely. Yeah. He was. I mean, South Africa. It's about a lot of slogans and courses. And they were we're getting ripped from them. And you can tell pitches, quick by the facts that a lot of balls in England's unsafe Wentz point kind of area didn't really go behinds into the area. In terms of the game on, I'll be quite sweet and Bangladeshi thing, South Africa ruled out to me. Some good good catching buffer fail. Ground failed. Him was pretty poor. I'm lutes quite an this'll before your hair on the head looks quite behind the game field in in quite important positions. And they've got a lot of aging bodies. Are they need the need to hide like to hear us be hidden in the field and? Offing Bangladesh go more explosive kind of button unit in them and also in terms of the over the oval do spin. So I don't think they've to Hayes, obviously a quality thing. But I've cords Platt, but they have got corporate with spinners who testimony. So he fool. Instead of South Africa, all depends on the cob. He's by far their best player. Okay. So the coca evens to hit six for James Bangladesh at lemons of four for Matt, who've you John de Kock gain, we share a note say five to top batsmen, we're going to special in our market. The cop two six two to one bit battening, or even money on, on the six SO. It looks like it's going to be a whole round army. Okay. And on Monday England versus Pakistan at Trent Bridge should be an absolute cracker. Fantastic atmosphere. How do coral bay on this one, John? Well, we feel like we've got so much Pakistan of a cement where we know these SARS very well. We don't want you in as we speak, Bruce, Pakistan, and of course, I suppose. Yeah. Maybe they'll put. Yeah. I'll do wanna play that, do you want to know that, that's up? So fun you might betting. But we've opinion news. You know, we do sorry. Komo one two, three five two two, one free. England five to Pakistan that Fairmount or just think it's too lopsided. Yeah, I think there anything impact. Fans favor. Is that? They haven't got the same squads as they played in that five much series. They have actually dropped few players brought in will be I England of seeing before, but it wasn't. It wasn't kind of real dry. Was this close times to be fair, that we could see? Oh, good. And one thing they do is, they'll know what to expect from England. But then against that, that plane, I want, like what? England chase free injured and forty to beat him there. Only a few weeks ago actress bridge. That's the bet that Matt. Jason roy. And this one really good yesterday. Pretty controlled wasn't usually if he gets dot what was he tries to really force the issue the next ball into the best. I went I mean, the air to reign in a bit definitely did rain in. I don't think they did rent in because, you know, in the fifth over they took to here for fourteen fifteen. I ain't the, the good thing about that is that route is the is the one that kind of calms everything down because they haven't got, you know, if you look at the side, it's slot to two dashes at the top, then it's route who's kind of the glue and dash Morgan Stokes can play kind of the young Karol can go for it. Yeah. For just miscued a poor ball, really just miscued a straighter, mid on. Yeah. I'll be looking him taught by scored a century there in the game. Previously, what price is jase from ROY to be topping them there. John, that would just outright is on the moment. Okay. Fun market comes up lookout for ROY. That's Matt selection, whose yours, John, I I'm not mortgage taught rooms I think he's gonna be tournament Morgan before looked in good shape against Africa, fiftieth. He's gonna play an important role in that middle order when the top to go aggressive. I think we're going to play a key role. So Morgan for me and he's been co two twenty five. The top tournament rules go. If you like me, not Mark as well. I'll tell you what. John's, we've only had one match, but already this new four may so much better because there's no crap. Mismatches is really, really good. Isn't it in Pakistan should be in cracker? What is the best bet? Yeah. Finding England run score market really difficult already. John mentioned Morgan. I thought he lets terrific knick. But it was it was kind of a surprise when when each of ROY and then route and Morgan got out because I looked in, in control and starts came in and played well and then best on Butler, so I'm swerving authority out of she. She abusively. And I'd won the hit hit Quinton to coax stumping failed to not the bails off, but had South Africa in all sorts of trouble. I think he could be the wicked. Take a hair may Pakistan at Trent Bridge got three forty and still loss to England in the series just before the World Cup. Yeah. That made it hard for him. And it was a three wicket when three balls to spare in England huts. That's about well to get them I think, if Pakistan trying to attack Rushie on a on a venue, where they are going to need a big school, then I think he could Hoover up a few wickets. Okay. Let's look at what could be the wooden spoon match next. He's your chance to prove it for free and you could win one hundred thousand pounds in cash the smart money. He's uncovered. Welcome back to the racing post cricket World Cup post cost Bruce Winnington James Milton Matt Ireland and coral, John hill, four games to rattle through starting with the choosey dust up between Afghanistan and Sri Lanka in Cardiff unlikely to big game that has any bearing on who makes that important hopeful. But if you had a bell on who's going to finish bottom of the group, it could be absolutely crucial. Do we have any betting? Jim we don't know. But there's not gonna be most between the two sides be close to pick him. I think should kill pro star around four to five. So there'd be marginal favors for myself Ahmad is the game of the tournament for for us because we are big shit on kid for the bottom of the off the table. So we're, we're desperate Afghanistan to pick up a win here, Jim. I think will, yeah. Do side than Sean come the data. They could get result hair. Struggle for out the tournament an adult Afghanistan on that day, we'll have to publish Lunka Matt, you're going to echo that. Yeah. I don't think could be rushing back home now, though, if he's pick your main is probably true prices. Whereas if would suit to one that would have been kind of an outlier. A thing as we spoken before about sherline could be in playing pretty outdated cricket. It's off of the order the way to get with Afghanistan is tobacco over quick. They only play one way and they've been board on twenty twenty cricket, and they will just come out Willens blazing. Highs, I fifteen I think that's kind of the way you've got to play this one. Yes, similar law. The markets spoken about show Lanka the impact heavily to finish bottom that they'll have had some experience of Cardiff because I play that I mean it's New Zealand the wouldn't be rushing to them. Kind of solid favorites Afghanistan to hit most sixes. Maybe they've got some really dashing shortly shop makers and give my reservations about both teams ability to going to bat through the innings. See see what kind of prize. No century in the matches. I've been interesting market price. You BoyZone shrink finish Bolton nine two four six six two four five. So we fought with them on Jodi, good, right? Then two games on Wednesday. We will do shrill, a South Africa versus India at the Rose Bowl in Southampton. I that is a ten thirty game and in you're going to be short hair on, I think, because South Africa's well defaming, even if they balanced, but with a good victory against. Today. She's not going to be what everyone kind of expected. So we'd expect to be pretty short hair, James, and would you expect them to Frank that view with a comprehensive when I would to a very good pace attacks we saw South Africa, actually dial Steiner think could be back vote for this game, which will be interesting to see if they unleash him as well alongside engage in Roberta. But I think the difference is we've already spoken about soft because lack of butting depth than an India, you look, let's hope three row Shamma. She could one coli been in place for for for years, and they are a formidable unit. And now you've got a look shorrock Rahul, who's probably going to bat for one of my favorite players. He's never quite nailed down a place purely because India have such great batting resources but you got him. Come in at four will be a really solid, selection, and then Emma stone, Ian hordic pund era. So I think India's India's toppled destroy. Is going to be the difference. Yeah. I would have them as as solid favorites to beat South Africa. I'm probably boring and go from Iraq. Coley to start the start the World Cup installed by top scoring every obvious from the first things I was torn I came into this wonderful betting industry, Matt, what's your view, yet echo, the sentiments? One. Interesting thing is this will be South Africa's food game in seven days they've played from loaded that schedule whereas in this first game. We can say it rested our practice. A don't think Indio be lock in many prices. Yeah. I would I would go for. She could to one me likes English conditions things. Spoke by the previous showy has been top scorer the last two tournaments in England global tournaments. And also he likes batmans, South Africa. He's scored seven hundred ninety runs at fifty free four fifties in free tons, so something lights run score probably score fifty would be probably the way of imagining what would you call him? She could one. What do you call it? One. That's all I say. Nothing quick depends which school you went to. Well, you will. Joan view on where we can make some money out, South Africa versus India, but they're going to be around four seven one to two in doing this sort, people just going to be putting moons that banker in that accumulates. They may well do by by by the time this game comes around the moment get from now. I guess relieve stick them in those cause for you, you eat long sporting events. Coal-lease probably the button. Now I'll be buccaneers. You say, don't look beyond the obvious question prized been quite friendless in outright. Marquee, india. They her to thirty second best book punches, don't want to be with them about price. So, yeah, so we guess which here in India roms boatman, because we'll be to destroy kite, what they quaintly referred was dying game. Still starts at one thirty. So pretty finish about half seven hunting nut is Bangladesh versus New Zealand at the oval. Interesting game. We're gonna betting it, John. Well, the Rhonda falter Levin Mark at the moment, newsy and for this one nine two four Bangladesh results are going to change that market, fake news. Even get off to a good start. But yeah, I call quite light news. Eight into the last four away. I bought them just to qualify until four. So this is good. Big game for them to win this. Absolutely. Yeah. Because an offset would them and then it could pick a one day it was all against the top dogs. Not mind to see them into the last four so. Yeah. Built a New Zealand gal that I'm here. I'm in oversee Matt, we're gonna. A lot more when they've played so succumb morning we'll be armed with a few more clues. But this point where would you be looking to go? I probably would be kind of what James didn't even be back in Trent boats. We saw what he say. He's shown me likes the over with four for thirty three against India in the warm-up game there and also to four in the defeat against the West Indies a Burston believe. Yeah, that's the way it played off. I funds into win it and I said, yeah. Front him tonight. So. So four and joins a lovely. Stop us even playing Sherlock anchor, and then then Bangladesh and you'd expect as the old suggest you expect them to be in a strong position off to those two games a thing I think bowl is going to be a handful and for the Bangladesh openness. I'll be looking at Michika Rahima a think about probably four to be that's hot run. Score is is just a fantastic cricketer in, in good, Nick. And they try series in, in Ireland and one of my one of my favorite batsmen. Okay. The final much. We're looking in this cricket World Cup. Post Gus don't forget we've got large right throughout the tournament is Thursday's game, which starts at ten thirty at Trent Bridge is strata versus West Indies John, but expect us to be fair market leaders program to seven. Would you say guys little bit shorter? Cease to be around seven to in this war unless western this was August Pakistan in their opening game told right? Western is a toll anymore. Fifty over cricket tournaments review. So. Sounds destroy the to win this comfortably match you agree with it, but's, western needs to win the things. Sorry about. The reason why a lot of West Indies in this is if the venue suits them, because they're playing it search about wherever pitch. And you'd say that he's a battle of weather West Indies blasters versus the quick, and if they can get on top of them as Andre Rousselin, Christina, can I can see them person quality total, which. We will be tricky for the ozzy's to kind of chase down. Yeah. The venue is the big level of for me. Just nothing whatsoever to betting. But with the venues, why so many of us of historic classic tests. Not been used a thing. They just liked to. Spreading around being used in certain things that law doesn't come into the tournament. And so two weeks into other thing, but then probably also a national past. Let's go accommodate the county as bad as back who or anything on that. But it's all just when they were going to start guns to the heading as an Old Trafford's of this world. Okay. Australia, West Indies James. But now what would it be? I would be siding with the western I mean, with speaking as the West Indies are in action against Pakistan. My good stall got rid of the openness cheaply, but I think there's, there's a bit more to the West Indies than just the, the six hitting share. You hope who's a really complete one day player. And, you know, if he can have a good torn amount, then obviously gale and Devon Lewis and Andre Russell. The other big hit is can work around him. So, yeah, I wouldn't be rushing tobacco, straighter short swords, maybe small, but on the Windies and a big about on the West Indies to hit more sixes all six okay church. If you only had one bell on all the once I matches we've previewed who would it be? I am going to go for Trent bolts top New Zealand wicket-taker against shrine, just you'll be too hot to handle, and that as on Saturday, Matt. What's your nap Warner top against the F ghanistan he's just e wound? No, the attack and that will be three to five and John Podesta bit, South Africa voice far far, too. Big old bold. Thank you very much chips. Great stuff are back next Thursday to look at the upcoming batch of matches stick with the racing post cricket World Cup hosts 'cause ROY rolling tournament. Don't be silly sunny. So you think you know your kid? He's your chance to prove it for free and you could win a hundred thousand pounds in cash the smart money. He's. 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Carrington event - August 28, 1859
"From fireworks on the fourth of july two long holiday weekends away. There's plenty to look forward to during the summer but why way to celebrate new deliciously spreadable konichi kana cheese singles is giving you a reason to celebrate every single day with their single best. Stay sweepstakes visit create with cacani dot com for your chance wants to win. Fifty dollars daily prizes and a grand prize of one thousand dollars plus get tips and inspiration to help make every single day the best day ever this day in history. Class is a production of iheartradio hi again. Welcome to this day in history class. We're history waits for for no one. Today is august twenty seventh twenty nineteen. The day was august twenty seventh eighteen eighty three the eruption of krakatau. A caldara in indonesia peaked. It was one of the deadliest volcanic eruptions in modern history. Crocodile is about halfway between java and sumatra. It's on the convergence of the eurasian and indo australian tectonic plates more than a thousand years ago in prehistoric times and eruption formed a call darah in the area the remnants of that called dera eventually turned into the islands of long for latin anna krakatau in eighteen eighty three there were three volcanic cones on crocodile herb hawaiian the northern in most in most active dan near the middle of the island and ricotta the largest and southernmost one before the eighteen eighty three corruption of crocodile there had only been one other confirmed eruption of the caldera that eruption occurred in sixteen eighty travelers villers documented and earthquake at sea after a long period of tranquility on the island but on may twentieth eighteen eighty three there was volcanic activity and in batavia then the capital of the dutch east indies but now corresponds with jakarta people began hearing explosions and feeling trimmers ask clouds formed by the end of may the volcanic activity had died down but around mid june the activity started back up on the afternoon of sunday august twenty sixth the initial blast in a series of violent explosions occurred herbal watson instead a cloud out of gas and debris miles into the air debris might have clogs the nick of <unk> earlier eruption and pressure the in built up below load blockage once the seawater touched the hot lava then the resulting hot steam could have forced lava flows out at high speed the next day the eruption reached its peak people as far away as perth australia heard explosions in fact. There's evidence that the sound sound of explosions traveled around the world and the sound is considered to be the loudest one ever recorded in modern history. It was also heard heard in the nicobar islands and on the island of rodriguez in the indian ocean ash sent fifty miles or eighty kilometers into the sky and miles of rock fragments were sent flying into the air herbal. Why and dan plunged into the caldera thinking hundreds of feet below sea level all all the ash in the air made the region around the eruption dark for a couple of days and the effects that the gas is had on the atmosphere caused vivid sunsets around the world. The eruption killed more than thirty six thousand people. Not many people died as a direct result of the eruptions options as it was likely that no one live on krakatau. Many people were killed by tetra or volcanic rock fragments others died by the hot all canon gases the explosions released but way more people died because of the soon nominees that were triggered when the island collapsed into the caldera salamis as far away as hawaii and south america were documented coastal towns in java sumatra were hit the hardest when an one hundred twenty twenty foot wave caused most of the estimated number of deaths news about eruptions soon nominees and all the devastation spread quickly. The krakatau eruption measured a six on the volcanic explosively index with the largest eruptions in history given eight. It took several years after the eruption for plant and animal life to reestablish itself in the krakatau archipelago. The eruption also likely caused a drop in average global double temperatures for several years after an eruption began on the sea floor in the same area in one thousand nine hundred eighty seven a new volcanic cone reached sea level and soon became its own small island and neck crocodile jeffco and hopefully you know a little more about history today than you did yesterday today. If you haven't gotten your fill of history after listening to today's episode you can follow us on twitter instagram and facebook at t see the i h podcast. We'll see you here in the same place tomorrow. For more podcasts castro iheartradio visit the iheartradio app apple podcasts or wherever you listen to your favorite shows staff how did snoop dogg beat his murder case what trump kurt cobaine suicide aside was bob. Marley's stone cold killer. How did sam cooke really dying series. Say how're the dudes and motley crue still alive hear these stories in disgrace land the podcast both musicians getting away with murder behaving very badly hosted by me jake front disgrace lamp is an adult storytelling podcast that contains strong language is not not for kids listened to disgrace and on apple podcasts the iheartradio app or wherever you get your podcasts.
1-on-1 | Cricket Folk Hero Rob Moody
"Today's episode of no Dunks is brought to you by remarkably remote. A new daily micro cast from the experts at Goto. Meeting all about making work from home work for you with indispensable. Intel on how to stay sane motivated and productive at home. We're here to help you. In this brave new remote working world find us on smart speakers or subscribe on your favorite podcast APP. You can also listen at gotomeeting dot com slash tips. That's Goto meeting dot com slash tips. Welcome to a special edition of No`DoN`Ts podcast. I'm Les Ellis. Today we a long way from the basketball court and heading to the cricket pitch as all talking to a man who has made himself known for the owls and as of joy he's bringing to cricket fans around the world. He's been doing it for years but most recently during the corona virus is services are in demand now more than ever. He boasts a collection of more than twenty five thousand cricket videos and DVD's and it was only a day or so ago he was court tweeted himself by the great man shine worn. He is Rob Moodie. Rob How I man. I'm very good. How are you guys going very very well? Thanks man I off hair cool. Is it to have Shane. Keith worn re tweeting. Some of the stuff. You're putting out there on twitter all. It's pretty cool. Even last tried to go to bed and getting re tweeted show back TA and Harbhajan Singh and other Pakistan plays because I pointed some random show back video a few days ago. They'd all of a sudden it just goes viral and say yeah the it's pretty funny that even the test players ex players. They're also in lockdown. So where do they go straight to media and everyone certainly loves seeing highlights of themselves doing something pretty special out there too so I mean you know that's why you're getting these guys retweeting you? Yeah and I'm always surprised that most of the former plays dart have videos themselves from from matches. They play in so they're surprised when they go onto social media they see there are videos and That I think it's pretty funny or any of them sending you any direct messages trying to get more clips of themselves or any specific incidents from out there throughout their career. Yes that's that's happened. Pretty regularly over the years more so lightly but they also know what the fans want to see. You know from their own. Queries of Surrey. Times Glenn. Maxwell's test hundred and things like that which are nowhere to be seen anywhere on lawn so the players themselves are pleased when that stuff gets up for viewing on social media because they get to see themselves as well. Yeah now I read that you've been recording. Whole Cricket matches test matches one day as whatever the Malaysia Malaysia Cup or? Something I saw you had copied since nineteen nineteen eighty two now You know you and I are about the same age forty three. I think you said you're forty two in an article I saw. I mean when we were when I was your age kids getting a copy of a of a VHS video. I mean they're not like you know ten cents each other like three or four bucks and I mean. Where did you get the money to pay for them all? Well I mean. We're member liking the eighties. Vcr's pretty awesome when your family go to and it was absolutely megan. And I have one of those top loading ones with the with the with the remote on the curly lead that he had to actually play into the and my dad had absolutely no idea how to use the thing so I get out from school. Who purpose of the one and I just play rounder for hours so I showed him how to record stuff and you have to tune in the TV stations on those things and it took ages to chain the stations. Say He'd record Western movies and stuff like blues brothers and stuff everything that Tom Right. Eight thirty to eleven or something but on the weekends. Channel Nine would show domestic hall lots from the weekend after the movie. I so on a three or four tape. Hey just keep it going. And I'd gone to bed as as before little league on our recording the crickets and so when he'd very watch the the video tapes. I keep I keep saying the same guy introduced to cricket as Richie Benaud and so yeah. After a couple of weeks of seeing these videos thinking is this is actually pretty cool and so so. I. I got into the Habit of asking my dad if I could have. One aren't types to record the half now or alcohol. It's on and I just spin off the bat just literally for birthdays or didn't want to get paid. In Monterey Christmas all water was blank tapes As May and of course I bought the cheapest Robbie stuff again. Because I'm a kid bought into trouble because like KIP. Every now and again I was broke saw peak. One of my dad's types new mortar wall. And I thought I as not gonNA miss this one and I'd read off record over to London. That's that's the other thing like you now have. We only had like three types and they would sort of rotate around. You know if you watch something and a week later basically that was open season. Anyone could just type whatever they wanted after that but did you. Did you have to hide them for me? Dad Did they ever say hey? I need a tape to tape something but you dislike. I'm not giving up on my cricket types. I always hit them. Pretty well. but Yeah it was pretty funny because After a few years there a lot of tapes in the House and it was pretty obvious that most attorney into my types Yeah but Yeah I mean and Wynyard in Ozzy Summit here at school day you can record a whole day's play so I brought. There's hates that on me but I made sure that I kept on highlights. Johnny half an hour so he can get a whole test on one tape. Easy help taken back so long ago. Now obviously no one knew the Internet was coming back. Then I mean you know what we just planning on holding onto these tapes and just forever or did. Did you ever get to a point? We like why do I still recall the stuff I mean you know? What am I ever going to do with it? I guess is around about the mid to late noughties though I got a lot of types and vic take up a Lotta Room as well and my parents even gave me the master bedroom in the house just so I could put on types in it. That's pretty funny and and But at some point I was thinking. Oh man this is. Never Ezekiel's I even got jobs. At supermarkets get stopped. His cannot media types and Bechir at some point It gets too much with all types but also wieting recordable. Dvd technology to become affordable and available. Once that started. It was a lot easier after that. So that's kind of where you are against today that you've transferred most of that stuff off the VCR tapes onto onto digital CDs or or DVD's or whatever it is now. I mean you know do you do you sort of sit there and watch them or you just put them on copy and leave them for a couple of hours or whatever however long that that tape is because I mentioned that's where you find some of the old gold that people forget about that you know you're watching all of a sudden fantastic wicked funny moment a great six whatever. It is just happens to be there. Yeah you just find that stuff and eat the things you don't see in the hearts you know you just say it in the random ball-by-ball stuff which no one sort of time then it's just gone so that's pretty cool. When I'm definitely pleased that over the years I did the effort to to recall the full match and make different to to keep it at ten twenty thirty years because otherwise even the TV The TV companies and the cricket boards. They didn't keep any of the Bull Bible stuff. That has kept the highlights. Yeah they've got nothing like that so that's pretty cool because you saying on social media this just millions of fans who also remember the the small things here and there and isla new things to discuss. I didn't see it you know or I didn't pay attention or just wasn't forgot you get tons of requests on on twitter and stuff. I mean you know the things that you'll you'll ever kind of like Oh man. I don't remember that but I can. I can remember the year or the test match of the series and you can go and dig it out. Yeah Yeah like. Someone asked me just last night. Do I have the incident from an ashes? Test in twenty ten where tiny Greg Amateur Banner? We'RE GETTING ALL CONFUSED. Because they couldn't figure out the new technology though easing to put something on screen for graphic soul show fuel placement on thinking man. E kidding never gonNA find But enough people helped and said Hey. We're pretty sure it's in this match on this day So do you work going figure out when though both countries for half an hour and go through it unlike shore like yes? We'll do that today. But when I find that I know it's GonNa be good So yeah it's definitely good to get extra helped fun stuff compulsively mobile. Everything is just too much so you started your Youtube Channel about ten years ago. I believe it was You just you just decided you know. Youtube was still fairly new at the time. You thought you put things up but did you think that you would attract the sort of following. You've got a main. You're up to nearly a billion views on youtube for videos there. I mean when did it sort of go from you just putting up a couple of videos to just exploding to that level? When I started I was just talking. About a couple of Ozzy domestic players like great Bluto Demi Martin and I will talk about this one innings in Hobart against England and thought obviously got that Do you want to see it now? Like yeah so we'll send it. Will you chucked on Youtube? I'm like Youtube. I don't really know that much. There wasn't a lot on youtube in the first couple of years it was is really was pretty nation. Lots of novelty videos cat videos thought. Oh Yeah Chuck Video Up. Deeds and then yeah. Comments came and people were going on. While you've got these you have this one this one. I'm like yeah I guess I do. If you want to see it so chuck it up. Nothing else to do show and then it just steamrolled really quick you know and Yeah I couldn't quite believe and I thought to myself man surely copy the only one that's capable of this stuff. I mean. It didn't seem that all of the time turns head it was really owned. But it just kept going and I didn't have any thoughts of longevity or anything I just thought whatever I'll check up these matches of eatings or incidents you know channels get shut down all the time some shuttle go at some point. I'll just keep doing it into the incomes and so but it's just kept yelling. Nats twenty twenty. Yeah I mean you know to that end. I mean you know recently in the last week or so basically the SEC. You know either threaten jewell. They told you to take down those videos because they they want to put them up. I mean but I think largely because of the success of your work the end of the IC and cricket bodies of realize that such a demand for these sorts of highlights and and things like that so you kind of got that you know in motion and they've decided to come in. I guess try take over is that is that a fair assessment Initially I fought here. That's that sox but then the you know the dealings of had with cricket balls in the AFC have largely being really positive and they told me they don't want to shut me down because even they like my stuff so they're dislike just if he can adhere to sort of I guess an unwritten rule with which is basically step on their toes and they want step Amman. So there's certain footage from certain events that Going back to ninety two that they prefer me not to show and they didn't have to have that conversation they could of just thought stopping delete. So that's really good. And I've made that of Charles to make that clear on social media that the shutdown heaps of channels. But they could have done that to me and no would have had no recourse at all. So that's a that's a positive thing. It's beyond what they've asked me to take down. Nothing grind anywhere mates not really my area and now that they've opened up the they often have some say they've been showing ball-by-ball World Cup matches on the facebook page which is pretty cool But Jake a lot of stuff that that People WanNa see they even icon possibly show at all So I'm happy to stay out of their way. I mean Talking about and then putting clips. I mean they're putting up now you know. L. Bwi controversial decisions and saying out on basically ripped ripping off a page from from your twitter page for sure. There's not even they're not even pretending I mean I'm waiting for them to tweet the next thing. We'd classical gold going. Well what are they say? Invitation flattery and everything. But that's just really funny but yeah I. I don't really care about that. I mean that's that's fine especially now you know everyone here is in lock down. All the fans are in lockdown. Everyone's Sort of board. You know everyone wants to see the stuff so however they can say it. It doesn't have to be it as may used on it. So what about what about now when we when we do. Stop playing sport again I mean. Are you still recording? Cricket Games now from from everywhere. Yeah Yeah Yeah. Yeah oster votes. You can do it remotely these days when I'm most of my work usually playing in bands on cruise ships. Obviously that's completely at but even then I can still recall the matches remotely from even on the ship. You know so. That's really good so that means anything which is really go. And there's no. There's no physical worry anymore. Drives at harm so I make sure that I that I I I I still get everything. And there's more being shared now. There's a lot to get. Yeah I mean I guess though now it's a little bit harder to sort of corn of that market. You have because you know everyone the Aussie in the big Bash League in the Indian Premier League like they're all putting up you know clips as it's as it's happening real time so it doesn't lend itself to quite the same way you know that you've made yourself so well known here on social media but do you you know the other thing. I want to ask you again because we're about the same age. A U Twenty Twenty Fan. He's a grown on. You got into your into your bloodstream. There Yeah I've always liked it. I especially overall. I've always been a fan of domestic criti general and so I called enjoyed the domestic twenty twenty s. I dont like the International Twain twenty-seven Much I think it's a waste because there's so few of them there's no meaning at least with the domestic stuff. It's really good. The Big Bash is great appeals. Great the you know the English stuff. He's great things does African stuff. The CPO and West indies is also atmosphere on TV. Say That's so fun. It's I think the one thing fans talked about for years is context with everything you know. Context of tests context with the one day as much a one day is just in a in a completely gray area these days you know no one really cares about them at all unless they're in a World Cup and it's national tastes pretty much the same. I mean someone else today. Do I have Africa Australia? Tate's when he series from twenty sixteen or something awful him and then even happening here and then you check it out. It was just. It was a they went there for three t twenty s and came home. It's like what's the point you know. There's literally no context whatsoever. Sorry Lace with the Domestic Twenty Twenty S. It's big year whenever they happen because they're they're part of a major tournaments and and that's really cool. Yeah we'll talk about the one day cricket I mean that's that's the other thing I think that is why your a lot of your posts are so popular inside loved by people who grew up in the eighties and nineties because you look at those grounds whether it was MCG or the Gabbara. Wherever and I were packed for everyone dia particularly when obviously when Australia was playing. You know and that one you put up. Just the other day de John's where he hits the one hundred forty five against England like like I remember that as clearly as anything where you know Eddie. Hemmings is just throwing pies at him and he just belting them onto the dog track and the classic Cole of Richie. Benaud just reach out and catch it. Geoffrey like that stuff to me you know I. I remember that as if it was like a year or two ago but I just think that was also such a great time for one day cricket. I think it was more popular than test. Cricket at the time Because you know we just had. It really took off conduct. The white twenty twenty cricket took off in the last what five or six years or longer but at that time you know those one days. We had to watch them as kids. You had to sit through them but now one day cricket to me is just. It's very very hard to capture that same emotion and that same drama that that we had growing up. Yeah well it's just changed. I mean you know the whole back in my day thing but you know I remember very clearly. Get literally running from school because the one days was started to thirty or to twenty or something says at three bill hit at of this racing heart hoping that strike batting I especially at the melon. We only got the first two hours on TV and that ended at like four thirty. So I wanted to say could before that for thirty time came and then waiting to eleven thirty at night for the highlights. But yeah you'd even when I go to a match. Even when it was freezing cold often packed the atmosphere was not everyone's going banners and two matches always low scoring game. Cj Grandma always slow big as well but then potato salad on TV anything. Wow that was what enormous atmosphere even the Gabon was always a really awesome. Viewing game 'cause it always seemed to be just completely packed. Saini packed fast outfield. The dog track. It always keeps a seekers rose. You rarely see six it the AFC. So huge until they sort of. They brought the rope. I guess towards the end of the nineties when people were hitting sixes but not into the crowd per se and one of the best things was when when there was a six it was like a huge event. It was like. Did you see that seeks a six team? Cg No way was such a especially square. The wicked is huge down. The ground is like you know all squares is the equivalent of straight down the ground Adelaide. You know you really sees six down the ground at Adelaide. Because it's long speaking of that Dean Jones Innings where you get two hundred forty five d. Do you remember something about that innings. That could dramatically changed it. There was a run s early on. Was it Martin Bicknell bowling or something? Darmon who was bowling but our member Jones. I think he was only on. Maybe you'd like second or third. Or maybe maybe a little bit lighter into his innings but he was clearly out but the empire the empire was Like Jones basically run in front of the Empire so he couldn't call him out but he was up by. Maybe a foot like it was. It was a huge turning point really in that innings because Jones was trying to get just get off to a good start but it was a great throw maybe two freighters from the field random out and then of course but no one remembers that everyone just remembers sending those balls into the Into the crowd yeah especially especially from about the halfway point Haven Bosh just decided to go for and he thinks but yeah that was one of the best conic run scoring games in the cricket in this country. 'cause it looks so clean and fast and also the other thing that people don't often talk about is the picture quality actually improved. What was that was the ninety s? You know? The camera quality improves the coverage improved. And you could see. The ball will be clearer and to feel that the mid eighties. It's pretty hard to see. Even the white ball in in some of the Games of forget the tests so that was the other thing with the audience was the coverage getting better and clearer. It still looks clear to this day. And you can see that wipe won't fly which is absolutely cool and just rice long ground. You know the the other part would I lock? It's not just the sixes in the in the catches in the wicked. It's some of the quirkiest stuff that you don't remember or you've compiled them yourselves. One of them is the Glenn Mcgrath every four that he's ever hit of test cricket but I think my favorite one and I couldn't believe it I was looking at this last night. There is twenty three minutes of inzimam-ul Hawk. Funny run outs I mean. How do you compile twenty three minutes of one guy having funny run? It's not just like run ADS. But goofy ones where he either just stops and falls over. I think that's at the ninety nine World Cup and then there's other times where he sort of just ease running in any just stops and then he starts walking off. I mean like when. Did you see a theme there? Well everyone knew for years. And then he was so bad at either running himself out or particularly running his teammates out. And you hear it in the commentary ebenezer video here. It's like you know anti-polls Eddie matter of time with mom. And they only knew after she used that he was so bad and pinball kept asking gotTa do things on compilation. I was like Oh it's GonNa take take forever and the funny thing was. I didn't need to find the funny ones every out funny. They're all funny and and in the end. I actually had to stop because it was taking too long. There's about ten that I'm used Adam And I I just left it at at twenty three minutes which is which is crazy. That's funny that one where he just sort of falls hits it and then he just falls. I think that was. I think it was at that. Game was at Headingley in the ninety nine World Cup. Yeah yeah remember with some friends and I was like we. We just couldn't believe what had happened. Is like this just like you just fellow just full over pretty funny well. That was the funniest part of that. Gang was from bring stray. Lost that match. Yeah we did we did MOAN CONNOR REMEMBER MON CON hit. I think he hit Glenn McGrath in the last three overs like for thirty five runs or something like that it was. It was actually a really. It was a really good game really good atmosphere but yeah schreyer straight loss at one but they might for it anyway in the in the end so What you know now because I know in the last couple of weeks especially since we've all been in quarantine here you've been getting tons of of requests on twitter. What is the what is the most requested? Is there one that people just keep on asking for that? Probably tweeted at dozens of times. People keep wanting to see one particularly relates. It's more of a just a bunch of stuff I mean. People like Indians love to ask full. The tend to care We W and Adelaide of McGraw in ninety nine but Yeah that's all all of Youtube Anyway. But but for some reason people want to see the stuff on twitter which dips which Which is a big surprise to me. I mean I've always play the clip twitter every now and again just bothered but the response there is is way better than on Youtube. Look what show. Why but Yeah a finger on it. But I guess it's it's easier for people to consume on twitter and then you'd see shame one and I I saw shame one and then mock war was was talking back to him about that. We talked about off the top of the show there the OB W in India. I mean you know when you've got when you got those guys. They're talking with each other. I mean it just gives credibility to everything that you're doing people. That's I guess people near see you as the as the arc over that I can go to and request whatever they want. It's pretty funny. I mean that that particular interaction might into the news in India. And there's a video up of a news report which highlights much weight you know on the on the vision and I'm thinking on. This is a game where the rub because I thought about that as well because he's clearly out. It's no doubt that he's out in that. And that was a huge blow for strike because he went onto Mike one hundred and fifty five in that particular innings and And we lost that series two. Was that the first test as well. I believe it was the first test. he was at. Shipley in the first innings. And everything was going well and everything didn't go well after that we we didn't have we didn't have McGraw. Gillespie though in that did not series correct we had in. The first test was Mike Kasprowicz and poor awful and then pulled us and came in after that. And then I Adam dial so was no India best attack but we tend to look McGraw and shame on both had a year two years or pretty much non. Stop about their point. I mean we had the ashes before England's and the tourist Africa and we're just hates the cricket nonstop peak summer harming his West indies. A sorry against to New Zealand and set Africa and it was pretty much nonstop while Tomic up the end of that Ninety seven ninety eight season the balls were were struggling. Andy Biggs was injured as well. Bless Shimon back from injury way to Gavin Robertson. Might it. Didn't he make a fifty as well in that in that test. The Annie's first innings in the first test Jay Mehta fifty angled forwards and yeah. We'll call on the sideline sue sern. Hey Sue became really good Yes but share were in that series was it was a tough one but yeah no different to the mania overseas teams that have come to our country and just had injuries Galore. Yes I will meet. An England is ninety. Four ninety five ashes linked ahead tweet. These twenty one players or something. They're just went down. The the difference between the first test in the fifth test was talking cheese with the plaza zero using so happens to everyone especially a way to as which is happens. All the time well ment- mentally. I mean you know when you're on the road for maybe two months at a time I mean that's that's got to be tough on players to win the missing their families and things like that. I mean I think when you compare it to while the sports Nobody spends as much time in a in a different country Away from their families crooked as David said it's gotta be it's gotTa be tough on a lot of them. I mean I saw I remember. I think it was Mockus Trescothick from England he. He sort of left the Australian tour and so did Somebody else remember in two thousand six two thousand seven four two series after the first test in ninety eight ninety nine. Mix of injury in homesickness Obviously a bunch of guys in the twenty thirty forty and with trout and Swan And prior over tiring meet series which is weird but Yet trescothick was cousin to play the first tests. Actually now that was twenty that was to. There's a seeks that are actually because he he. He went home before the first test. He trying to imagine they went harm. Yeah Yeah I WANNA I WANNA play a little game with you now to rope so what? I'm going to do what you got too. I'm GonNa give you choices and you have to pick whichever one you think. Is the winner the better one? Okay Okay I want the cleanest six we talked about it already. Dean Jones off Martin Bicknell versus England. The one that just reach out and catch Jeffrey or Mark Roe versus New Zealand in Nineteen ninety-seven at Perth. That basically goes on the roof of the is the member stand. Yeah all right can mock warhead less pace to work with and was pretty big seeks her? I'M GONNA I'M GONNA go with that one McCoy yeah. I think they actually have to get a new ball out after that they bring out one of those ones. It's got a bit thirty overs. Worse at the birth of us on it because no one could get out there and get it off the off the roof. All right the second one better or bigger innings. Vvs laxman's two hundred ninety one at Calcutta two thousand one or Brian. Lara's two hundred thirteen Jamaica in ninety nine. Yeah that's a tough on by seatings under the pump and Both won the match Hsien series. I think I'll go with laxman. Yes just because he was behind him the game so they were like three. For one hundred ten I think in that second innings And Ten DUCA went out. Maybe I'll be McGraw and it was kind of. It was kind of assume that Australia were bad to win. Not only that test but the series and kicked their streak alive at that time because at one sixteen in Iraq and then laxman just. It was just incredible. That are watching that with friends and we were just like this. This is because he might sixty in the first innings I think and then And that two hundred ninety I mean he just he just didn't play a bad stroke at all. Air was pretty. Yeah Yeah I can remember actually My wife had glandular fever at the time she was out of action for about eight weeks. It was exactly the timeframe that Indian series so I set a home looking after her the whole time and just thinking well. This is great glaze liver. The house lacks minute. Drive a dispassionate. We lose this say. That was that that Brian Lara two hundred thirty though just quickly on that. I mean that saved that series for the West indies too because If he doesn't make it in that Australia all my certainly win. Goto up in that series. And that's a dead serious but he hit one hundred and fifty in that series. He'd another one hundred thirty eight as well. That was one of the best series I've ever seen even though to in end but just saying Lara when he virtually that at that point already. The West indies. Just didn't have anyone that that dominant era was well and truly on. Its way out but Laura was just a just incredible. Here's also made you couldn't believe it and I'd like out because those matches started at midnight time go to seven. Am I am and I just I. I remember very clearly with a two thirteen. I fell asleep around two am at three enough. It all Laura's to lean back to bed what began about five and I'm like stealing and then at the a little as we stood week it's still four down and Jimmy Adams was on about seventy eighty hours on the. This is not happening. Well Lara as well on that innings. When he was nine thousand nine he took a risky single and was so close to being. Run out because all the all the fans ran out into the ground but no one knew if he was in or out and but luckily he you know. Fahim in that series he he was he was safe but it was very close. All right number three here a better over who got Andrew Flintoff to Ricky ponting at Edgbaston in two thousand and five a wasn't Akram at the ninety two World Cup when he got out Allan Lamb and Chris Lewis well. The World Cup over was pretty. Yeah pretty epic. The FLINTOFF has a bit of a history of very creating pretty amazing one callous as well and the Ponti Mom was pretty. It was pretty epic again. The for the most iconic series ever yes I think history will look at the ninety two one being being the most famous but I have a Flintoff just because the the the home crowd going nuts heaps of Pakistan supports at the that that pointing over and just that whole game sign. Yeah I mean that series was amazing and the the thing are locked about that with Andrew Flintoff in five Michael Vaughan easily just said sort of like what drove me to. Just just go in and just ball as fast as you can. And because he got Justin Langer with I think the second ball that and then every bowl to ponting including the noble punting. Look like he was a scribe out there. You could have been at OBI w much I ball. And then he got gets bad on one that goes to slip and then the one that gets him Adam and it's just a perfect perfect delivery is just crazy and when you say that now you think mad flintoff. He must average like twenty two twenty three with the ball that he sees record. It's pretty surly bad by any means for the man of the match. Turning violence he was capable of renowned for his career is his record. Should be a whole lot better because we saw him ball from a series all moods and every time the Knicks. Hashes Australia and the next one England two thousand nine. He'd be bossed every time. He bowled loops also difficult. He around and then you think man has this guy still thirty. Two or three three was the bowl. That's crazy. Yeah yeah a pig even the English fans but it gets in an all round package it. Oh you hope that you have around up much like in both Stats on Maude. Blowing but When you can turn a match with that all bowl does the things that you you hope your around can pull off you know. And I'm sure English fans don't care bed. He's average when he when I think about what he what he achieved in the in those particular to ashes series and are five and our nine which was awesome. Yeah he he was definitely An impact player but the longevity just wasn't really there for his career but you know he's a big guy as well and I think those injuries caught up with him. A little bit lighter. I'm glad you brought up both though because he's one of the options in this next one who who had more arrogance mainly as a batsman in both the movie richards virtues any day. Yeah Yeah because with both of them the the famous vibration swagger I mean bolas would think I had a plan and it didn't work with both of you knew that he didn't have immense amount of patients didn't have the technique that we've had obviously you know if you've ever expected but both of them obviously on his day could go nuts but we've had more days where we're eighty much more things and I think with both of you that the ball's knew that if he could capitalize he'd eventually Nissan Whereas Vive you'd be harping like hell that he. He just didn't get going because he was. Just unstoppable tortured us in the. I mean like anytime he batted. You just felt that he could just swagger his way to eighty without even really trying. You know no helmet merv. Hughes would come in with these tron trying to intimidate him in the in. Vivo him all around the park without even Bailey. Making that much effort you know. And then he just sort of you'd have to call it there and he'd be doing the gardening on the pitch and it was just like this guy is just incredible. He just doesn't he just knows how good he is. And he's not scared of anyone or anything it's pretty crazy and one of the bizarre stats would be Richard said. The ARNIE actually had one match-winning test hundred in Australia. Which is exactly the same as Laura. Yeah anyone These other two hundred zero stri hit three in three in intense cricket. Destroy at the other. Two draws similarily only had one eatings in Australia where it was a win a test when that was in ninety six ninety seven. But we've vive. It was more than that it was. It was all the one day series which seem to come here. Every year was so unfair in the rain. Just couldn't believe it. And and when he defeated. He did ninety the Gabrielle. The whacker something it was news. You know because people didn't score centuries all the time in the why is back then you know so yeah before it hits for four years and that was news for the weekend he just wanted to say those four fours again. The West indies had such coolness to them as well you know they they turned up and the just the way they walked and talked and then they went out and again. They just brutalized Australia throughout throughout the eighties. I mean everyone Kanda. Decide like Ustralia weren't weren't very good in the eighties. At all. I remember a series against New Zealand about eighty four. Eighty five like that was one where we had to win. You know because it was like we've got to beat New Zealand and we did. We didn't we didn't but that was at least that was like a struggle for us then because it felt the member England and ninety six ninety seven they. What was that series score? I know that they won that one. Three one three one. Yeah and that was pretty comfortable as well So it. It was so tough for Australia just to get any sort of victory. And then not only that you know Viva N- and Curtly Ambrose and Marco holding the road. You're so cool as well. It was like man. These guys have just the perfect united way better way better cricket and way cooler than us as well definitely cool. There's something a found out just the other day which I did not know and I can't believe I didn't know straight through with ninety four for two series and we're next year to go there and ninety eight which would have man's going there and meet eighty eight and then facing them again harm in the summer and only found out that the strength cricket board lobby to cancel that beat the series because they want to repeat of eighty four when we played ten tests in a row against West indies at obviously got smashed and Bob Simpson and take it over. As coach by then obviously in poverty six they he lobbied apparently to get that series scrapped and save it for the next time. Would you together? Which was ninety one so that could have been That could have made a big difference to whether we won the eighty on ashes on if we had to just play misty needs for taking tests in roar and obviously got smashed. So yeah I actually yeah. I think that's amazing if that actually is true that The I think already official live from crickets drivers that we did this. Board cancer but whatever In those days long gone now though I mean we straight. It hasn't played the West indies industry since two thousand have lanes way last played with Australia. When at Virgin's got the massive two hundred which was twenty eight fifteen sixteen season? Yeah way play. The Administrator in tells five hundred Sikhs where Mukasey Brad Hodge debuted and then he gave us ten and Yeah and then two thousand fifteen sixteen with. We're very just came on the scene. It was making double hundreds a fond against everyone. Yeah well yeah. I've been living overseas. I've been living in North America for nearly fifteen years now. I have lost a little bit of touch with the with cricket from there but it just doesn't have that that same appeal anyway though you know when You go down the of Plas- Jeffrey John and Malcolm Marshall and Gus Logie and Larry Gomes's all those guys I we're all just so Gordon Greenwich in Desmond. Haynes I mean they were just household names so everybody icon Erica main. I was just remembering the other day that in Tan with Cindy's plied young opening batsman who made a century on debut and virtually never played again I Dream Barth and He was like I was eighteen at the time and everyone was thinking wild. Fondly of West indies star. Who's Young Nixon? Oh cheese letter is gone so differently. The play recognition has as definitely. Obviously a lot of these days. People believe that there was two these were at what that was successful at all. Because you just can't see it there's literally no there's nothing there that you see in their play that you can see the dow up a team that quick anyway knee number one let alone sustained for twenty years. Yeah something. That's the the last the last what you got there. I want to ask you. What strategies biggest test Wayne? I think I'm pretty sure we're going to go here but I'll ask it anyway. The nine ashes which was four nil to Australia. All the ninety five to one West indies series air. Ninety five. For sure you could just you could just sense it. When Steve Vogel the two hundred it was just The whole country was just like you know for my generation. I never saw US beat them. Ever I mean the last time we beat the West indies. Before that was seventy five seventy six may before either of us were born so obviously corrupt just like palms of grew up in the in the nineties seeing on get smashed. That's why two thousand five was so huge for us but the deal was with ninety five. Was that you could tell this was a team that was absolutely beatable and Whereas the OSCE team they got hotter debate for a few years after the two thousand five because they were they were definitely came to Restore some pride with Cindy's day had already had a few years where they were winning. They went to England in ninety-one and drew after we played them and beat them though in England and drew a series again so they didn't beat England last time they beating in England was nineteen eighty eight. That's so they were already on the way down. And they don't really lost. Vive and Desmond Haynes and Grenage Sean Lowy and Marshall so ninety five same like a ripe time to beat them and they had a host of batsmen who were not much good you know. They lost the series Stuart Williams and a show in Campbell. Carl Hooper was the same batsman. Who Was Keith? Awesome did did absolutely nothing. Yeah often had one good innings author had one good innings against Australia. That was in Brisbane in one hundred fifty seven not out but that was the only time we ever made any runs against this. And that that that Steve Waugh two hundred. I believe that was one with the big. The big cat runs out onto the ground to Congratulate and that was like five. Am Six am time and you just thought. Oh my God. This is intensely Steve War of all the players. All the guys take on the ways teams in that series. You're sure it was gonNA be slighted slider o'byrne you know they're the guys who are going to do it for us was day both had pathetic series and Steve or all it is like two years prior to that thinking man. Steve was okay but it still averaging early forties but then he comes on average is one hundred in his. West indies series. Had A no way that all of a sudden number one player in the world not tendulkar not Laura And he the wow and his statue just went through the roof and glamorize well and after that series Glenn McGrath Steve Wall that they'll the number one guys and improve as well after that for the next decade though the best so at one point. Steve Steve Ward mock. Well One and two in the world to I believe. It wasn't long after that series because mark warhead a couple of great years after the two only seeks though a great for him. And so yeah. That was an awesome time. We shame one on fire MMA groundfire and a backup getting pretty useful week. It's to raffle and Kasprowicz. Flooding Medeva was on the White House. We didn't we didn't Miss Mcdermott at almost at all nine. We'll Gillespie came along pretty quickly after that and I mean he was incredible. Yeah he was incredible in that ninety seven ashes tour that that does back to back to is in Stafford England where he just really quique. Yeah and then also send. Bradley comes along and you're like wow we've got some serious pace here. I was scared watching Bradley Ball in the first year or so of his career in one tests he was absolutely ferocious he mitch and Shell backed off. It was just like wow like. This is serious leap just out now just express bowling which is awesome. It's great it's great with show back coming off. The Wakai Unison was macro. He was quicker than those guys but he was also had the chains going head to head going shirt open like he was. He was all that emotion that it was so captivating to watch I mean sometimes like he would get hit for tons. But other times you've seen him just dismantle like the wickets just destroy them. I think it was against Australia in in in Dubai. Oshaya or somewhere like that where he just ruins the Australian top order. Where it's just it's just out now pice capable of but just just inconsistent with. I thought the Pakistani team a little bit like the West indies. They've always had fun place to watch like side Anwar and Akram of course Army Suheil at the top of the order. You know like throughout the time they've there's been a lot of chaos ran in the Pakistani tain. There's different coach and a different captain every couple of weeks but some of those guys would just such talented cricketers. They were always so incredibly fun to watch. I thought air will Pakistanis Pakistan. But Hey you never quite knew who was going to front up when I played but they always seem to have a much more quality bowling attack with whatever series they they played and you knew it was going to be at least two of of Akram UNISOM shellback Tauro. Even the other guns Mohammad Zahid Muhammed Crab and they always had just. Fosko is always had five good spinners and it was always always the batting. How was prone to Enfield as well though? Just terrible in the field to drop catches and tame fill most of the time the just going back to that ninety. Five West indies tour. Or no you know you put it up on twitter just a couple of weeks ago a week or so ago about those. Are Those photos? They were selling those addition. I've got one of those. Yeah one hundred and fifty bucks. I got a friend you know it's been it was at home. Ustralia because when I moved overseas just left it but then I said to dad if you send it over man I gotta get it up so now. I'm trying to find a place to put it up in my house. It doesn't mean a whole lot of sleet to my wife and kids though born and raised the or my wife is from Peru actually but crickets crickets not a big thing here in this household. But they're gonNA see that in the half pretty soon date here for a couple years. They all pretty quick. Tiny was selling like you know like the guaranteed selling the steak knives and it just became a bit tacky and the fans but just cringing over some of the other ones that are selling well even cricket thing because I think that I think the warpath one was like the second or third one that I and I was still kind of unique. But then then you're right I just started. Didn't like mock tyler hits one hundred like let's against someone in Sydney and it's like well that doesn't really mean anything. You know that the I actually had some meaning behind them But I guess they. They sold well enough that they thought you know. Let's let's just start pumping the matinee on to the songs people keep buying them after they they set dorm bats that would as randomly saw and without a whole lot of contact justice captains battle something and he come captains but really man. It's okay but There would just turn account with any way they could just put whatever signatures onto Batson. Thankfully it all so that ended up for a couple years and the process went up through the one hundred fifty bucks. After a couple of years there was like five hundred Thousand Dollars Liberty. Short fifty two thousand. It was like come on. Tony wanted pal. Well we This has been awesome. Robert Been Fun talking to you. I really enjoy all the work. You've been doing so just in case people don't know where you're you're on twitter at Roy Belinda to correct and is that across all social media facebook and Yep Great Okay. Well yeah man keep it up. You certainly keeping people entertained and I'll leave with this one to see if he can find it. I know you've been. You've you've got a ton of a ton of request coming through. Its Joe Angel Against Richie. Richardson at Perth. In ninety-three he tries to send him in a bouncer. And Richie Richie puts him about twenty five rows back. I think Hooks Him. He hooked him over there. So if you got time I've already done it. Electorally tag you in it. I probably tag. You probably didn't take any sort had straight to it. He had seats to six is. Actually I think it's called of Bandra. Yeah yeah that's when Richie had the great big Sombrero almost what it used to play. Joe Angel Joe Angel I think I think Australian cricket The board thought that Joe Angel modifying the next big thing but his career didn't last that long. Unfortunately I strongly a- No it did I'll be Giovanni he was. He was on a short leash. Here's one innings. Wickets we'd Smash Goodbye. Maybe should be wearing a blue cap because I think the Golden West. The strike at any favors no. I think you're right. There are rubble thanks. Thanks so much for your time and keep up. The Great Work. Probably love to chat thanks.
Warriors: Cut Nyak Dhien
"Hello from Wonder Media Network. I'm Jenny Kaplan. And this is encyclopedia. Britannica today's warrior fought to maintain the independence of her land holding her own against an enemy with seemingly endless resources her military leadership leadership and guerrilla tactics defied norms for an aristocratic woman at the time. Let's talk about cut knocked yet. You cut knocked. Yan was born in eighteen. Forty eight in ave a western province in modern day Indonesia. She was part of an aristocratic Islamic family at that time. Indonesia faced invasion and colonization from many countries including the Netherlands whose ships I arrived in the sixteenth at century in eighteen hundred the Dutch established a colony in the region called the Dutch. East indies the history of Dutch colonialism in the country is this complex in eighteen twenty four. The British turned over some of their colonized Indonesian territory to the Netherlands in exchange for the Dutch agreeing to respect act act as independence but with European colonialism. In full swing soon other powers began to surpass the Netherlands and threaten to take over the Dutch east indies at Shea was rich and resources like black pepper oil so in the early eighteen seventies. The Netherlands decided to try to expand their control control of Indonesia breaking the previous agreement with the British. The resulting war lasted decades. Uh cut knocked yen was living in a major city and was married to a well known ARISTOCRAT. She was widely liked and was well known for her beauty cut. Knack Dion wanted wanted to participate in the fight but her husband refused after his death. A leader in the guerrilla army asked cut yene to marry him. She agreed read but only on the condition that she could also lead armies against the Dutch cut knocked yen's acute military strategy culture. People hold their own. They fought with traps and ambushes while the Dutch struggled with more traditional tactics including naval attacks to try to gain the upper hand the achieved some some impressive victories including killing of one of the major Dutch generals. Cutting acting was dedicated to the fight. Even after her second husband died the conflict she continued to fight against the Dutch. The Achebe gained more sophisticated technology over the course of the war. But it didn't prove to be enough in nineteen o five. The Dutch caught the army by surprise captured. Act and senator into exile in West Java. They wanted to ensure sure that she couldn't reignite resistance in Indonesia cut knocked yen died three years later. Removing her as a leader proved to be a successful tactic though. Some forms of rebellion continued for a few years after knocked. Dan's death another Achebe Shea leader ultimately told his people to comply with the Dutch occupation though the campaign was unsuccessful. Cutting Act Yen story lives on and legend. There's even a nineteen eighty eight Indonesian movie based on her life tune in tomorrow to learn about another powerful warrior. This week of Encyclopedias. Manica is brought to you by native no matter what you're fighting for native yoder at insurers you smell good doing it. Many deodorants contain aluminum. which forums a plug in your sweat glands to keep from sweating not native native is made with ingredients? You've heard of like coconut the oil and shea butter and it works. I've tried many deodorant and I really do think. Native children is the way to go. There are over ten cents and they also offer an unscented option and a baking soda free formula those sensitivities. I'm a fan of the cucumber mint sent for twenty percent off off your first purchase. Visit Native Yoder Dot Com and use the Promo Code Encyclopedia during checkout. That's native deodorant. Dot Com with Promo Code Encyclopaedia for twenty percent off your first purchase special thanks to Liz Caplan. My favorite sister and co-creator Talk to you tomorrow.
Support Asian Americana on Patreon
"Mister who works in the laundry and his wife sows in the shop and each and every wrinkle tells a ted a survivor everyone it's quincy sarah smith host and producer of asian americana. When i launched asian americana last year i had one driving vision. I wanted to tell audience stories that centered the diverse experiences experiences histories and cultures of asian americans now. I need your support to make more. I've launched a patriot for the show and i'm asking you to contribute monthly at whatever amount you're able to even just a single dollar. A month makes a difference. It takes a lot of time effort and resources to make rich include audio reporting and storytelling that centers asian-american voices voices experiences. I wanted to present stories that are ethnically geographically and historically diverse most importantly. I want to amplify stories from asian-americans off not just about them. In the past year i've done stories on the indies intern art institution giant robots the roots c._s._i. Program that connects among american farmers and asian american communities in california the chinese-american developed the sacramento delta and built their own town to call home and the culture surrounding the ever favorite boba or bubble tea but i wanna make more within four episodes year. I'm bringing on a new team of producers and i want to provide them. The equipment training software and resources needed to grow our work. You can make that happens if you believe in sharing amplifying asian-american stories. Please consider supporting us. You can just go to asian american dot com click on support to reach our patriot on page. I'm offering stickers and shirts as incentives but i hope you'll think of the podcast itself as the gift. You're making possible. Whatever amount you can contribute will make a difference with your help. I can keep learning keep reporting and ultimately keep telling more stories of asian americana but wyss thank. You and we're going strong. Uh we're getting tied proven bid long. We're strong. We're getting tired of proven bid long.
Baptist War began - December 25, 1831
"This just in it's officially fall and that means a lot of things to a Lotta people. The leaves are changing colors. It's time to break out. The pumpkins can't break out the football and most importantly break out. The truly hard seltzer truly has only a hundred calories but has a five percent a B and only one gram of sugar per container. It's the can't miss drink of the season so try truly really hard seltzer today. Truly drink what you truly want this day in history class is a production of iheartradio. Welcome back everyone. I'm eaves and you're listening to this day in history class a show where we pill back. A new layer of history every day today is December Twenty Fifth Twenty Nineteen the day was December twenty fifth eighteen thirty one. The Baptist were also known as the Christmas rebellion began in the British colony of Jamaica. Gathering the support of up to sixty thousand enslaved people it was one of the largest slave uprising and the British West indies and contributed to Britain's ends abolition of slavery. Two years later at the time of the uprising to Mak- was home to more enslaved people than free people. Enslaved people were forced to Labor on sugar. Plantations and harsh punishments were common throughout the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries. Enslaved people led many resistance efforts. Buying and selling enslaved people was banned in the British Empire in eighteen o seven but people continue to own them but by eighteen thirty one the abolition movement was well well underway in the United Kingdom. An anti slavery resistance was taking place across the British Empire. Jamaican planters voice. Their opposition to emancipation and as the issue of slavery was being debated in British parliament and many black people in Jamaica were taught reading writing and religion by missionaries. That meant that they too. You were keeping up with the slavery debate across the British Empire. Enslaved Baptist preacher Samuel Sharpe led many people to believe. That patient was coming soon soon or that Britain had granted their freedom and the masters were withholding it an economic downturn that affected impoverished white. People made some of them. Allies is with enslaved people who called for patient preachers also used Christian theology to argue that they should have only one master. And that was Jesus on top of that. Many enslaved people believe that Baptist missionary Thomas Burchell what return to Jamaica from his trip to England with a paper declaring their freedom. When when he came back empty-handed their anger escalated Samuel Sharpe who was afforded limited freedom of movement as a leader when about planning a strike key and other leaders of the resistance encouraged others to join the strike missionaries discouraged people from joining the effort and refused their assistance though some more later accused of contributing to the cause regardless on December twenty fifth eighteen thirty one enslaved black laborers went on a general strike? Many of the strikers were Christian particularly Baptists led by Samuel Sharpe. They advocated for basic freedoms better working conditions and a living wage. They refused to return to work until their demands were met but when their demands were refused and word spread that the British planned on using force. The strike turned into an all all out revolt. On December twenty seventh rebellion erupted on the Kensington estate near Montego Bay. They looted and burned plantations across western Jamaica. Mak- and white people fled town. The uprising only lasted until the first week of January as the British brutally suppressed did troops militia were sent to quell the uprising and though the rebels put up a fight they were overpowered. By the colonial forces. Some scattered resistance continued but plantation the owners and the Jamaican government retaliated after the rebellion was over by killing many enslaved people and burning churches where they worshipped around two two hundred seven of the enslaved laborers. Fourteen white people were killed during the uprising. More than three hundred more. Enslaved people were later executed for involvement in the revolt including sexual sharp. The Baptist War did not in slavery in Jamaica. It did help convince people slavery was not politically viable anymore as it resulted in a lot of property damage and loss of life in eighteen thirty three the parliament of the UK has the slavery. Abolition Act making the purchase ownership of enslaved people. A legal throughout much of the British empire leading emancipation in Jamaica. I'm Jeffcoat and hopefully you know a little more about history today than you did. Yesterday you can keep up with us on social media on twitter facebook and Instagram at td. I H C podcast. You can also email us at this day at Heart Media Dot Com. Thanks for listening a hope to see you here again. Tomorrow WPRO podcasts. From iheartradio Jio visit the iheartradio APP apple podcasts. Or wherever you listen to your favorite shows for the College Football playoff number four doc this is number one. LSU Looks Unstoppable Chick filet peach bowl at four eastern then number three clemson reigning national champs. Again defense number. Two State Justin field offense can attack you in multiple ways the playstation fiesta bowl at eight but college football playoff semifinals Saturday on E._S._p._N.. And streaming live on the E._S._p._N. APP.