35 Burst results for "Imperial College London"
"imperial college london" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"More on what's going on around the world Thank you Anna let's start here in the UK where a group of MPs is urging the government to press ahead with sanctions against Russia but also help lower income families with the knock on effect of higher energy costs The treasury committee says sanctions against Russia could have a catastrophic and long-lasting effect on its economy and inflict pain on Vladimir Putin's regime but the MPs are also warning that the UK isn't protected from the consequences of its own economy The Chancellor Rishi sunak will reveal his strategy for dealing with the rising costs in spring statement today And here in the UK two inflation's risen again to remain at a 30 year high fueled by rising costs for things like toys clothing and footwear The consumer price index hits 6.2% in February after the ONS described widespread price increases February's reading was up from 5 and a half percent the month before And in London mayor Sadiq Khan has issued the city's first major air pollution alert since 2020 The mayor is urging Londoners to avoid unnecessary car journeys stop engine isling and refrain from burning wood or garden waste The alert which covers Tuesday through Thursday was triggered by an imperial college London forecast that's imported pollution while add to a build up of domestic emissions London already plans to extend smoke tackling measures next year such as the ultra low emission zone Global news 24 hours a day on air and on Bloomberg quicktake powered by more than 2700 journalists and analysts in more than a 120 countries I'm Hannah George this is Bloomberg Anna Thanks very much for that Hannah Now for decades global finance firms eagerly catered to Russian corporations Russian billionaires and the Russian government then tanks started to roll into Ukraine now everyone from sissy which has thousands of staff and billions of dollars of assets in Russia to Goldman JPMorgan and Deutsche Bank are heading for the exit That is the focus of today's big take story and joining us now to discuss one of the reporters on that story Harry Wilson agreed to speak to you then Harry So tell me about which of the banks are really in focus here How much do these banks stand to lose And we know the reasons why and that might be right and proper reflecting the sanctions environment but still how much do these banks stand to lose Got exposure of the main banks You're looking at about a $100 billion of roughly of direct exposure Now that actually in the context of most of these banks is relatively small so you have certainly some of the bigger exposures among some of the European uni credit rifles and Citigroup is what one of the biggest U.S. banks But broadly for all of these banks this is definitely a manageable manageable situation In terms of the actual losses we don't really know yet because the market isn't actually trading there So we haven't actually seen what these potential losses look like Every indication is that it could be pretty bad I mean we spoken to people underground in Moscow and certainly the situation of the feeling is that these valuations market does reopen will be spectacularly down on where they were And is this then a real line in the sand of real change in thinking for western banks and also professional services because we're talking about Wall Street and finance but also their illegal firms scratching their heads working out where the lines are what they are supposed to do and not do in this context Is this the end of western banks and professional services then operating in Russia I think this is two things here First of all got the just the broad sanctions These limit what you can actually do even if you wanted to operate in Russia But then I think there's also a moral point here And this is something that's probably more powerful for a lot of these firms which is western opinion at the moment is very much against the war in Ukraine is very much on the Ukrainian side And so to be seen to be operating in Russia with impunity to be operating a business as usual type arrangement in many ways that will be very damaging publicly for a lot of these firms And what early lessons can we draw them from what's happening here Well a lot of people are starting to say you know is this in some ways a west dry run for what could happen if there was some kind of kick-off in the China Taiwan situation Now obviously a lot of people are saying this signals the west unity could happen the way that even a major industrialized economy like Russia can be excluded from the financial system So some people may be seeing this as a kind of test run for what you might see somewhere else in the future But I mean the impact of that would be of a different order of magnitude wouldn't it given the interrelationship but between for example Chinese holdings of treasuries all of that springs to mind Of course so Russia is a tenth the size of China So yes you'll be talking about something completely different order of magnitude But there are still lessons that broad lessons that you could learn from this about perhaps looking at the way your business is a structured about what types of exposure you're taking to other places where you think something might happen Harry thanks so much Harry Wilson Bloomberg Harry Wilson talking to us there about the big take story And I big take that is the function to use On the Bloomberg terminal if you would like to read that for yourself it's also available online of course.
"imperial college london" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"Good morning and thank you Let's start with the top story dominating in the UK The stakes are rising for Boris Johnson after the Metropolitan Police began formally probing allegations He and the staff held parties that broke the government's own pandemic rules the police process is likely to take longer than the ongoing civil service fact finding investigation led by Sue gray reports say her investigation could be published as soon as today Now staying in England coronavirus infections are starting to slow down according to a large study but the overall trend does remain unclear soaring infections caused by armagon peaked in England around January 5th but have fallen significantly since That's according to the react one study led by imperial college London which says that after record levels of cases they were dropping off among adults last week but indeed rising in children They survey over the course of January reveals infections were more than three times higher than their previous study in mid December And it's also say in videos quietly preparing to abandon its purchase of arms from SoftBank group That is after making little to no progress in winning approval for the $40 billion chip deal Nvidia has told partners that it does not expect the transaction to close the purchase has drawn a fierce backlash from regulators and the chip industry Global news 24 hours a day on air and on Bloomberg quick take Powered by more than 2700 journalists and analysts in more than 120 countries and Leanne guerin's this is Bloomberg Anna Liam thank you very much Now let's pick up on one of the top stories that leann mentioned there Boris Johnson is hoping a police investigation into claims of coronavirus rule breaking at number ten will help quote draw a line under matters But the prime minister's critics may get ammunition with the publication of civil servants sue gray's probe into Downing Street parties which some reports say could come As soon as today joining us in our London studio Bloomberg's executive editor David Merritt David really could just speak to you about this this morning I'm only laughing because the soo gray report was waited for with such intensity It was cited so often as the thing we're waiting for by politicians over recent weeks then we got closer to it and then yesterday it was on again off again and it's not even clear who decides when it gets released or how much of it gets really So what on earth are we expecting now Well this is the big question You know it was a very chaotic day Yesterday we had that bombshell announcement from the Metropolitan Police that they were investigating these events at Downing Street And then this report was then delayed into the long grass as a result was she going to release it anyway Lots of conflicting reports were sweating around us I was almost impossible actually to work out what is going on I think all of this just reflects doesn't it The broader sense of chaos really around this story and you just mentioned the prime minister talking about this baby drawing a line under events Quite a bizarre claim for a prime minister to welcome a police investigation into what was going on at 10 Downing Street That's a sort of topsy turvy world of briefings we're living in Yeah absolutely And listening to lots of analysts talking about this over the last 24 hours they did seem to be these polarized views coming out Some people saying well he just can't survive and others saying this may be gives more time perhaps it drags on The police investigation drags on into the weeks ahead and the public lose interest and move on And it's interesting when you look back at how the polling has developed when we first I mean we've had plenty of negative news flow surrounding the prime minister that critics have tried to say we'll bring him down and it hasn't and he's bounced back And when we first got allegations of parties it did weigh on his popularity but then he did start to come back and then of course it took another hammering recently and the polls have been moving against him quite consistently in recent weeks They have indeed and of course you know his big standing point was always to his own party his popularity that he could cut across political lines and get people to vote conservative who never did in the past But at the moment the only electorate that really counts are those 350 or so conservative MPs And judging the mood of that group his notoriously difficult they vote in secret for or they send these letters in secret of no confidence No one really knows which way anyone is leaning in this debate And we will have PMQ today Promises questions at noon Last week if you remember very fascinating everyone was saying the prime minister was in jeopardy Actually he came with a pretty good performance And this is the way this sort of thing can turn on a dime in a sense with a good performance in the commons the Tory MPs can rally behind him and we might seem to think that he's actually going to starve us out a little bit longer He has a history of styling things out doesn't he And he's certainly been trying to do that on this particular narrative In terms of how market moving this becomes it's interesting David because we sense being here in London at the ebbs and flows in the international investor communities interest in UK politics and clearly all around Brexit the international community was really focused on Brexit and who led the country Now you get a sense that because any change in leadership if it were to come would maybe not be such a drastic direction changer that there is less international interest That's right Remember that the pound used to flip around with the smallest tweak and Twitch about Theresa May's leadership and the Brexit deal were not in that sort of situation There are some very big global geopolitical events that are driving markets at the moment Of course the situation where you've just been discussing in the Ukraine The recovery from the pandemic is of course spiked inflation central banks are moving on it That's what investors are looking at These big global forces So Britain's internal politics doesn't quite match up but when you do speak.
"imperial college london" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"Karen Moscow we're just about four hours away from the open of U.S. trading Let's get you up to date on the news you need to know what this shower beginning with a verdict in the case of Ghislaine Maxwell The British socialite has been found guilty of engaging in a ten year sex trafficking stain with Jeffrey Epstein She now faces up to 65 years in prison The office of Manhattan U.S. attorney Damien Williams prosecuted the case Today justice has been done I want to commend the bravery of the girls Now grown women who stepped out of the shadows and into the courtroom their courage and willingness to face their abuser made today's result in this case possible U.S. attorney Damien Williams says Glen Maxwell was found guilty of 5 counts related to sex trafficking and conspiracy charges All right Karen let's turn to politics down a big meeting for President Biden He takes a call from Russian president Vladimir Putin this afternoon the topic of Ukraine is expected to be a focus point Bloomberg's Ed Baxter has more The U.S. and NATO allies have been ringing the alarm bells about the Russian buildup on the Ukraine border So now NSA spokeswoman Emily Horan says that the talk today will be a range of topics including upcoming diplomatic engagements with Russia And Russia has denied plans for a military operation but has warned NATO against station offensive weapons In Ukraine So the U.S. now has told European allies that the massive Russian military presence could mean a preparation for an invasion as early as next month In San Francisco I'm at Baxter Bloomberg daybreak Right thank you Let's get the latest now on the pandemic As rising coronavirus cases show no signs of slowing U.S. infections are hitting fresh records including almost a half million new infections just yesterday But deaths are actually declining Graham cook is Professor of infectious diseases at imperial college London In the U.S. we're seeing that ratio of cases to hospitalizations changing And that's similar to what we're seeing in the UK on the really started to establish itself in early December And we would expect three or so weeks after that to start to see the rise in hospitalizations And we are seeing a rise in hospitalizations but not to the extent that we might have feared at this point Graham cook at imperial college London says most hospitals are not showing severe strain from this outbreak U.S. federal health officials say new cases are up 60% from last week while deaths are down 7% In futures this morning are well mixed now S&P futures are up two points now futures have turned lower their down one point NASDAQ future is still higher by 27 points The ten year treasury up 7 30 seconds the yield 1.52% Local headlines and check a sports up next This is Bloomberg.
"imperial college london" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"Good morning I'm Nathan Hager And I'm Karen Moscow and U.S. stock index futures are higher this morning after another record close and it is coming up to 5 O one on Wall Street We check the markets every 15 minutes throughout the trading day on Bloomberg And right now S&P futures are up 5 points Dow futures up 13 NASDAQ futures up 40 The decks in Germany is little changed and your treasury up 8 30 seconds The 1.52% they yield on the two year .73% 9 X crude oil moving lower down half percent or 38 cents at 7 8 6 a barrel Comic scroll down three 10% or 5.5 cents at $1800 20 cents an ounce The Euro 1.1302 against the dollar and Bitcoin at $46,700 Nathan Karen we begin this morning with a verdict in the case of Ghislaine Maxwell the British socialite has been found guilty of engaging in a ten year sex trafficking scheme with Jeffrey Epstein Bloomberg's Michael Barr joins us live in New York with the very latest Good morning Michael Good morning Nathan she once rubbed elbows with world leaders and royalty now Ghislaine Maxwell is a convicted sex offender facing decades in prison Maxwell was found guilty of 5 counts related to sex trafficking and conspiracy charges at the heart of the prosecution's case for accusers who say they were recruited and groomed by Maxwell when they were teenagers When the verdict was read and the Manhattan courtroom Maxwell showed no reaction she now faces up to 65 years behind bars Maxwell's attorneys say they will appeal Live in New York Michael Barr Bloomberg daybreak All right Michael thank you Will be turned to politics now in a big meeting for President Biden He takes a call from Russian president Vladimir Putin today Amy Morris has details from our Bloomberg 99 one newsroom in Washington Russia requested today's call which officials say will focus on a range of topics including upcoming diplomatic engagements with Russia The last time the two leaders spoke President Biden warned Russian aggression against Ukraine would be met with unprecedented economic penalties The U.S. has told allies that the massive Russian military presence could signal an invasion as early as next month Russia denies plans for a military operation but has warned NATO against stationing offensive weapons in Ukraine In Washington I'm Amy Morris Bloomberg daybreak Amy thanks let's get to the latest on the pandemic now is rising COVID cases show no signs of slowing both the data and the experts point to the omicron variant causing record transmission of the virus but less severe cases Graham cook is Professor of infectious diseases at imperial college London There's still singing very very high numbers of cases in the community And that's really a record highs and we're seeing that in many countries But at the same time we haven't yet seen that really reflected in the number of cases going into hospital Graham cook had imperial college London says most hospitals are not showing severe strain from this outbreak U.S. cases are hitting fresh records including almost a half million new infections just yesterday at the same time deaths are actually declining That's according to federal health officials who say new cases are up 60% from last week while deaths are down 7% Mon Nathan there's also encouraging news on the vaccine front This time we're focused on the shot from Johnson & Johnson and Bloomberg's ra need a young joins us now with the details Good morning ready to Good morning Karen two doses of J&J's COVID-19 shot decreased hospitalizations caused by the omicron variant by up to 85% That's according to data from South Africa It's a welcome result It's almost around pushes the world to a record number of daily cases and evidence emerges at the variant can evade some vaccinations These results could also help explain why there are not as many hospitalizations and deaths following the exponential growth in new cases I'm Renee young Bloomberg daybreak Okay ranita thank you Financial markets appear to have shaken off concern about the S&P 500 is coming off its 70th record close of the year But what's in store for 2022 How about a strong start for stocks A lot of volatility and a slump in the second half That's the view from Luthor whedon chief investment strategist Jim Paulson It's probably going to be the best in the first half of the year I know we're up here A lot of people think we might give some of this back As we enter the new year that could happen But I think we're going to maybe go above 5000 during the first half of the year on excitement that finally maybe moving COVID from pandemic to an epidemic and on the realization I think increasingly that inflation is moderating Jim Paulson with Luthor whedon expects the broader market to perform better than the S&P 500 next year His year end target for the benchmark index is 5000 and stay tuned for more of that interview coming up shortly on Bloomberg daybreak While Nathan the Federal Reserve will once again play a major role in market sentiment next year expectations currently call for three rate hikes from the Central Bank but there's also the question of vacancies at the fed President Biden is expected to announce his picks for three open seats early next month Joe Lavon's chief economist Aetna Texas One of the problems the administration is going to face in 22 if they want to get all three filled is getting Senate confirmation and if they wind up going with somebody who is more extreme we saw for example what happened with the comptroller of the currency That's going to be very difficult for them to fill all three of those spots So they may have to pick more of a centrist or maybe a center left leaning economist type because it's going to be hard to get all three through right now And it takes its chief economist Joe lavonia spoke with our Washington correspondent Joe Matthew on Bloomberg sound on catch the program weekdays at 5 p.m..
"imperial college london" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"High obviously but it's great to see it's coming down COVID deaths 7 day average down 7% to 1100 We're going to talk more about COVID we come back with Graham cook Imperial college London infectious disease professor this is Bloomberg This is a Bloomberg Whatever you're funny peacock's got it exclusively Stream classic sitcoms like The Office Parks and Recreation and two and a half men Plus catch peacock original comedies like AP bio and save by the bell For all your exclusive comedy phase go to peacock TV dot com and get started Before and after the pandemic Is it driven by politics or by science That may be how we keep track of our lives from here on out What do you think the political effects of that impatience will be And through it all there's been Bloomberg We begin on Capitol Hill the most accurate business world and healthcare news before and after The fundamentals do not justify this price action Bloomberg radio the Bloomberg business app and Bloomberg radio dot com Bloomberg the world is listening The world's financial decision makers connect on the Bloomberg terminal The buy side and the sell side together Collaborating across markets in countries in real time sharing ideas negotiating trades and forming an influential network of over 325,000 financial professionals that helps power global markets isn't a time you join them request a demo at Bloomberg dot com slash professional Money billet A.
"imperial college london" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"On Bloomberg radio So let's get to the markets right now The stock 600 up a quarter of 1% the 3100 is flat the 8th of a percent or so the Dax up three tenths of a percent the ibex up 6 cents of a percent U.S. features fairly flat this hour So the U.S. got perhaps the better of the gains in yesterday's session Wall Street moved higher the S&P on Wall Street edging towards another all time high they got a chance to react to some of the better news flow around it on the trio of studies that pointed to a lower risk of hospitalization from omicron And so U.S. futures may be a little more muted for that reason The Asian equity session was positive reacting again to trio of studies we've had added on to that and better news from AstraZeneca as well this morning we'll get to that with our next conversation The MSCI Asia Pacific then moves to the upside up 9 tenths of a percent on optimism around the fight against omikron It's not always gone though we see oil prices now retreating 75 O 6 down three tenths of a percent on the Brent price the yield on the U.S. two year is up at zero spot 6 7% so we see money coming out of bonds and the yield going a little bit higher We do see the dollar flat to positive this morning the pound is up by two tenths of 1% though one 33 84 Let us get to an update on some of our top stories this morning and we start in the banking sector Nat west has been sued by three trading firms over manipulation of security futures The lawsuit comes a day after the bank pleaded guilty to wire and securities fraud and agreed to pay $35 million in penalties for more than 6 years now west markets are subsidiary of not west group engaged in separate fraud schemes to manipulate the market and unlawfully enrich itself according to the U.S. Justice Department On to the news flow surrounding omicron and the coronavirus and it looks like the variant is less likely to land patients in hospital than the delta strain according to preliminary data from three separate studies researchers in Scotland found omicron was associated with a two thirds lower risk of hospitalization Imperial college London found that people with omicron were almost half as likely to need an overnight hospital stay But professor Christina pagal from university college London says it's not as straightforward as that We already have double the infections than we had a week ago And if it's about half a severe as the imperial sun shows then we're already kind of in the same place because we've got twice as many infections And if it keeps growing we're still in trouble So I think while it's good news I don't think it's a kind of get out of jail free card That would daily COVID cases in the UK topping 100,000 yesterday there are fears the NHS could still be overwhelmed despite the reduced risk of hospitalization for individuals In better news though in terms of the fight against COVID a promising and disappointing data on the vaccine front in fact a third dose of AstraZeneca's COVID vaccine significantly boosted neutralizing antibody levels against Oricon That's according to lab studies at the University of Oxford But a third dose of the sinovac vaccine does not provide enough protective antibodies against all Macron that is according to a study in Hong Kong So the latter of those could be really consequential for the Chinese COVID fight Let's think about COVID resilience now Let's take a deeper look at our Macron The variant is broadly halting the march toward normalization that's characterized 2021 though a reluctance to revert to pre vaccine lockdowns and other curbs is differentiating the best and worst places to be during the pandemic Bloomberg's racial Chang joins us for more on Bloomberg's so called COVID resilience ranking Rachel thank you very much for joining us So tell us firstly what does the resilience ranking measure and which countries are handling the pandemic the best and the worst at the moment Yes exactly I mean the project that looks at the different data points to really try to figure out which countries are handling the pandemic the best and is that over a year ago now we've just been the pandemic take so many twists and turns And I think it's pretty much the first time in generations that every country is facing the same threat and trying to use different strategies to break about it So we've got a collection of top data points that goes from cases to fatalities positive testing rate we also look at vaccine ability which now includes booster shots and also reopening progress that includes flight that includes the stringency of lockdown restrictions So in December what we're seeing really is that the southern hemisphere places like Chile's South America Asia these are places that are still opening up and enjoying the sort of post vaccination freedom omicron hasn't really distended in these places that yet number one is Chile and summons Santiago tourism has resumed We are seeing a broader recovery across that region the South America region that was so devastated by the official virus At the same time in a northern hemisphere I think we do see those spikes of infection that you're talking about But we haven't seen hospitalizations when fatalities go up At the same time the U.S. and the UK made it very clear that they're not going to go back to lockdowns like last year They are going to try to hold the line with booster shots And so that's really going to be the focus into next year So what's the outlook What's the latest on the outlook for omicron Remind us of some of the news flow we've had recently Rachel Right So exactly the encouraging studies that you just talked about the hospitalization is not as common as being a big drop from these initial studies of people getting hospitalized after getting on the ground But you know as the expert you had just now tried to infect as you get half the hospitalization the same At the same time also it's really important to remember that the current picture is very much of highly vaccinated population What we're seeing may not be something about the variant per se but really what happens when you've got 80 90% of people having that immunity wall And so that's always been the fundamental reason to roll out these vaccines not quickly They are going to stop people from dying It's not about just catching infection because we know you can catch infection but if you're eased and dramatic that's actually fine And so vaccination remains super important It doesn't mean that on the con is not serious on the kind of miles though you can be unvaccinated because it's probably going to play out quite seriously in unvaccinated Yes indeed Let me ask you about some of the vaccines and the ability to stand up against all the crime we've heard about Pfizer and Moderna a little bit to earlier on during the discussions Now we get better data out from AstraZeneca or good news out from AstraZeneca But not such good news for sinovac and a reminder of course for everybody that this is a heavily used vaccine in China Right exactly So and the thing with the Chinese vaccines really is that they were ineffective and more ineffective for the original baron and we've seen that come through Delta and as well Now you know the latest from Hong Kong is that the third dose of the sign of that vaccine is still not going to be sufficient That's quite a scary situation for China because the most of that population are using these shots We know that China is mostly COVID naive as well They've taken such measures to keep out COVID that almost nobody in China 1.5 billion people have been infected before So this is a population that's entirely vulnerable And you're looking at the fact that dev vaccine even with the shot is not going to really be giving that kind of protection that's necessary And so you know it is a quandary.
Exposing the Ignorance and Evil Behind the Pandemic with Alex Berenson
"Yes, so let's just start there. I mean, February 2020, you were like investigating marijuana and other things and then the virus comes and you just decided, I'm gonna start looking into this and I started to come across your stuff on sub stack where, you know, Aaron gin, who you might know is another guy that was really into it in the early days. And I was so outspoken about the lockdowns and I was we were really into it because I really had nothing else to do. Everything was locked down. And I'm by no means an expert, but just my common sense instincts that something's wrong and you are so informative and so courageous early on, walk us through that because you probably never planned to be center stage of one of the most important medical issues that humanity's ever faced. No, I certainly didn't. And, you know, I was working on a book about really about U.S. drug policy that would have been and I hope to write one day still a follow-up to tell your children sort of broadly about this, you know, the epidemic of legalization, the sort of very broad campaign to legalize drugs that we've seen and not just cannabis, but really all drugs that we've seen in the last ten or 15 years. And so I was working on that and then of course, you know, like everybody else, I saw the videos coming out of China. I think we were all pretty nervous back in January and February. And then in March 2020 and I talk about this in pandemia, I've read that Neil Ferguson report the imperial college London report that said, oh, if we don't do anything, 2 million Americans will die, but even worse, if we do, if we do mitigate a million Americans will die and we need to really lock down our society. And, you know, within days that started to happen in New York and California and everywhere else, and then and then amazingly to me, Neil Ferguson totally changed his prediction. Ten days after releasing this report that really shocked the world and pushed the United States and Europe into Loch Ness, he basically said, oh, you know what? I was wrong. I was wrong by 95%. Did I say 500,000 deaths? I'm at 20,000. Okay, so look, the science or the data was evolving very fast around the coronavirus. Back at that time. And everybody's got the right to look at new data and change their views. But what was shocking to me was that the media was not willing to acknowledge what Ferguson had
"imperial college london" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"Reopens travel for Brits the UK government is reported to be considering restrictions for people who refuse their COVID booster shots According to new figures more than 10 million people in the UK have now had their boosters health secretary Sajid javid says the move could be vital if we want to avoid lockdown restrictions over Christmas Europeans again become an epicenter for the coronavirus calling into question the region's efforts to recover from the pandemic Bloomberg's Pusha condia has all the details Record infections have hit countries from Germany to Greece in recent days Despite an abundance of COVID-19 vaccines Romania and Bulgaria are seeing horrific levels of fatalities and overwhelmed hospitals Governments however are reluctant to reimpose lockdowns across European nations Instead redoubling efforts to roll out vaccines Here in England cases have reached a new high in October That's according to a study by imperial college London In London I'm pushing the Bloomberg daybreak Europe Meanwhile is warning the trade deal between the UK and the European Union could be thrown into question if Britain revokes its commitments to the Northern Ireland protocol Bloomberg's Charles cable reports That's according to Irish foreign minister Simon coveney He told RTE that he fears the UK is getting ready to act unilaterally in regards to the protocol That part of the deal allowed the UK to leave the EU single market without creating a hard border on the island of Ireland But the UK has asked for changes to the deal saying it damages trade and Brexit minister David Frost suggested it could unilaterally row back on the promises made in the deal in London Charles cape or Bloomberg daybreak Europe Global news 24 hours a day on air and on Bloomberg quick take par by more than 2700 journalists and analysts in more than 120 countries I'm Ewing pots Caroline Thank you so much And for the world you still had on Bloomberg daybreak Europe I'm going to be speaking to our Bloomberg.
"imperial college london" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"Listeners you can get mad and Paul swe hosting Bloomberg markets at ten a.m. Eastern Time So that's a look at what is coming up next Let's focus on the earnings story and the and where it meets the supply shortage years One in fact no let's not do that Let's get to a global news update Let's get to Liang guerin Good morning And a good morning and thank you The UK government says it will consider EU proposals to ease Northern Ireland's trade issues seriously and constructively yesterday the European Commission unveiled its plans which would see a reduction of up to 80% in checks on some goods arriving from Great Britain It would also see customs paperwork cut by half Brexit minister lord frost as optimistic about the state of the negotiations We need to find arrangements in Northern Ireland that work to support the good Friday agreement and that means all its dimensions east west north south We're looking we're asking everyone to be flexible fine compromises Look at things in a different way Meetings will take place in London later between the EU and the UK Here in England coronavirus infections are high and rising among children Bloomberg's puja candia has more Prevalence of COVID-19 is growing amongst those aged 17 and younger That's according to the react one study led by imperial college London The reproduction rate in this age group was 1.18 meaning that on average every ten young people infected are passing it on to about 12 others Coronavirus vaccines will roll out to 12 to 15 year olds last month but take up is slow putting pressure on Boris Johnson's government ministers are renewing calls for young people to get vaccinated In London I'm preaching Bloomberg daybreak Europe The Turkish lira has dropped to a record low against the dollar after president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan fired three members of the Central Bank's rate setting committee in a midnight decree Bloomberg understands the changes rid the committee of members who disagreed with Erdoğan's calls to continue cutting interest rates that's despite high inflation And the World Health Organization has proposed a new team to lead an investigation into the origins of the COVID-19 pandemic more on that coming up Global news 24 hours a day on air and on Bloomberg quick take powered by more than 2700 journalists and analysts in more than 120 countries and January's this is Bloomberg Anna Thank you very much Leanne now Let's get on to that conversation where earnings and the supply crunch meat The numbers out of TSMC let's dive into these numbers from the Taiwanese company and get to a Bloomberg's Asia technology editor villa high school and who's with us this morning Avila good to speak to you So TSMC reported another quarter of record sales and earnings What's driving the growth Yes It's more of the same really in the electronics and the chief industry So dealing is rising for everything from cars to computers to gaming consoles to smartphones You name it TSMC is one of the world's biggest makers of chips for always machines and they're of course benefiting from the rising demand I mean people are still largely in many regions market their homes and their spending money on electronics Absolutely these companies benefiting as a result Yeah despite the fact that we're all supposed to have economies open up decided to not spend on stuff but to spend on going out instead maybe we're just spending on all of the above The ongoing sources of chips has caused problems for makers of everything from cars to smartphones What is TSMC doing through alleviate the problem How quickly do they plan to increase production From TSMC's point of view this is in the major problem of course is they're boosting their earnings and sales And they're doing well the company is saying that they will spend more than a $100 billion expanding capacity over the next few years about three years Are they confirmed today that they're adding a plant in Japan that are also looking at Europe for more capacity gains and they also want to sell more to car manufacturers cars of course have been one of the industries that that's been most severely hit by the strategies They also spoke to investors at length today What are the key takeaways from that conference call Well the company really sees itself in an extremely strong position I mean they give a forecast for the fourth quarter for margins and sales that beat expectations and it's very focused on adding capacity globally not just in its home region but also in Japan and Europe It's also very bullish on margins and that kind of signals that it has room to increase prices because of the shortages So the key message here is that for cheap makers it's actually very good times at the moment Okay Thank you very much for your heist And Bloomberg's Asia technology editor Thank you very much for joining us Bringing us the latest on what is an increasingly global story of course that chip A shortage coming up on Bloomberg daybreak here at Christian Muller lissmann Goldman Sachs managing director for portfolio strategy and asset allocation joins us No doubt we'll talk a little bit about the value versus.
"imperial college london" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"Bath with all the world news Caroline good morning the UK government says it will consider EU proposals to ease Northern Ireland's trade issues seriously and constructively Yesterday the European Commission unveiled its plans which would see a reduction of up to 80% in checks on some goods arriving from Great Britain It would also see customs paperwork a cut by half Brexit minister lord frost is optimistic about the state of negotiations We need to find arrangements in Northern Ireland that work to support the good Friday agreement and that means all its dimensions east west north south We're looking we're asking everyone to be flexible fine compromises look at things in a different way Meetings will take place in London later between the EU and the UK Here in England coronavirus infections are high and rising among children Bloomberg's puja candia has more Prevalence of COVID-19 is growing amongst those aged 17 and younger That's according to the react one study led by imperial college London The reproduction rate in this age group was 1.18 meaning that on average every ten young people infected are passing it on to about 12 others Coronavirus vaccines will roll out to 12 to 15 year olds last month but take up is slow putting pressure on Boris Johnson's government ministers are renewing calls for young people to get vaccinated In London I'm Peter konja Bloomberg daybreak Europe Staying here 8 out of ten British companies struggled to find workers last month even though many are increasing wages as survey by the British chambers of commerce found that labor shortages are indeed getting worse It forecasts that consumers will see further reductions in both goods and as services And the World Health Organization has proposed a new team to lead an investigation into the origins of the COVID-19 pandemic The 26 proposed members of the group were selected from 700 applications and have expertise in a range of areas from epidemiology to biosecurity a controversial joint WHO China mission earlier this year found that the coronavirus probably spread from bats to humans via another animal Global news 24 hours a day on air and on Bloomberg quick take powered by more than 2700 journalists and analysts and will then 120 countries I'm Leanne guerin this is Bloomberg One 45 over 92 One 80 over one 11 I had.
"imperial college london" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"He's been the latest in world news Caroline good morning and we'll start with some Brexit talks so meetings will take place in London later between the EU and UK to resolve issues surrounding the northern island protocol The block is offering to scrap 80% of checks on goods like sausages moving between Britain and the region It would also mean the delivery of medicines to the area can continue uninterrupted European Commission vice president marsh sefcovic says their priorities are indeed clear Our number one priority remains to ensure that the hard earned gains of the good Friday Belfast agreement I'm talking about peace and stability Protected while avoiding a hard border on the island of Ireland Here in England coronavirus infections are high and rising among children Bloomberg's puja candia has more Prevalence of COVID-19 is growing amongst those aged 17 and younger That's according to the react one study led by imperial college London The reproduction rate in this age group was 1.18 meaning that on average every ten young people infected are passing it on to about 12 others Coronavirus vaccines will roll out to 12 to 15 year olds last month but take up is slow putting pressure on Boris Johnson's government ministers are renewing calls for young people to get vaccinated In London I'm Peter condia Bloomberg daybreak Europe In Norway police are considering if an incident that saw 5 people killed in two injured in a bow and arrow attack is an act of terror The assailant is suspected of acting alone when he walked around shooting in the center of kongsberg a town which is about a mile from Oslo Please say officers around please say officers around the country will be armed a temporarily as a result of this incident And the World Health Organization has proposed a new team to lead an investigation into the origins of COVID-19 The 26 proposed members of the group were selected from 700 applicants and have expertise in a range of areas from epidemiology.
"imperial college london" Discussed on KQED Radio
"Good morning to you the time now, 7 46. This is morning edition from NPR News. I'm Leila Fadel in Culver City, California and I'm Noel King in Washington, D. C. Good morning. Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson is ready to lift almost all covid 19 restrictions in England in about two weeks, he says. It's time to get back to near normal, at least and time to let people make their own decisions. We will change the basic tools that we have used to control. Human behavior will move away from legal restrictions and allow people to make their own informed decisions about how to manage the virus. But in England cases, hospitalizations and deaths are all going up. NPR's London correspondent Frank Langfitt has been following this story. Hey, Frank. Hi. No well, so the virus is continuing to spread the delta variant. Has everyone very worried. What is Boris Johnson's logic here? Well, he admits that the pandemic is not over. But his argument is this that the government has done a very good job. Vaccinating majority certainly have adults weigh over the majority of adults in this country, and that these vaccinations have basically from his perspective, largely broken the link between the disease and hospitalization and you know, large number of deaths. And so far, if you look at the numbers, there really is a big difference. Today than there would have been back in January. I mean, right now we're at 27,000 cases a day. Um, deaths are averaging about 18 a day. And if you go back to January, maybe mid January, and one day you had over 1800 deaths now to be really clear about this for people. This is a trade off, and I think the government knows this, and certainly scientists recognize this as well. That if they're going to have more cases, this is going to lead to definitely more deaths. But the argument they're making to some degree is it's really time to open up the economy and get society back into something that looks like near normal Do other political leaders in the UK agree with Boris Johnson on this? There's definitely some criticisms. I mean, one thing certainly have heard from unions, for instance, give an example. A union that represents the public transport port workers. They called this an act of gross negligence and Kier Starmer. He's the leader of the opposition Labour Party. He called the whole idea reckless. Public. No, the infection rate is going up and they're bound to pinch themselves and say why on earth then use trying off all protections at the same time. Of course, we want to open up but to throw up all protections at the same time. Is reckless, and people are really focusing Noel on the idea that Johnson has that people will no longer be enforced. Man, you know, they don't have to wear masks all the time, Indoors and out. And already Sadiq Khan. He's the mayor of London. He's saying, you know, we really still want to have these on the tube on buses and on trains. And so it's going to be here. I think the mask uh, desire to not enforce mask anymore is going to be a big sticking point for people that will be interesting. And then I wonder what our public health officials and scientists saying are they speaking with one voice in either direction. You're hearing some concern and sort of people being pretty cautious about it. I mean, one thing is there's expectation that when Johnson actually lift these restrictions, if he does do so, in the next couple of weeks would be around July 19th. We'd be seeing about 50,000 cases a day here. And speaking on the BBC this morning, Neil Ferguson He's with Imperial College London. He called Johnson's move a slight gamble. And this is the the million dollar question. If we get very high numbers of cases a day, 100 and 50,200 thousands, it still could cause some pressure to the health system and, of course, some public health burden. And it's important to remember that these plans are only for England, and it's not a final decision. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. They have their own covid policies. Okay..
"imperial college london" Discussed on KCRW
"Is morning edition from NPR News. I'm Leila Fadel in Culver City, California and I'm Noel King in Washington, D. C. Good morning. Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson is ready to lift almost all covid 19 restrictions in England in about two weeks, he says. It's time to get back to near normal, at least and time to let people make their own decisions. We will change the basic tools that we have used to control. Human behavior will move away from legal restrictions and allow people to make their own informed decisions about how to manage the virus. But in England cases, hospitalizations and deaths are all going up. NPR's London correspondent Frank Langfitt has been following this story. Hey, Frank. Hi Noel. So the virus is continuing to spread the delta variant has everyone very worried. What is Boris Johnson's logic here? Well, he admits that the pandemic is not over. But his argument is this that the government has done. A very good job and vaccinating majority certainly have adults weigh over the majority of adults in this country, and that These vaccinations have basically from his perspective, largely broken the link between the disease and hospitalization and you know, large number of deaths. And so far, if you look at the numbers, there really is a big difference. Today than there would have been back in January. I mean, right now, we're at 27,000 cases a day. Um, deaths are averaging about 18 a day. And if you go back to January, maybe mid January, and one day you had over 1800 deaths now to be really clear about this for people. This is a trade off, and I think the government knows this, and certainly scientists recognized this as well. That if they're going to have more cases, this is going to lead to definitely more deaths. But the argument they're making to some degree is it's really time to open up the economy and get society back into something that looks like near normal. Do other political leaders in the UK agree with Boris Johnson on this? They're definitely some criticisms. I mean, one thing Certainly you hear heard from unions, for instance, I'll give an example a union that represents the public transport port workers. They called this an act of gross negligence and Kier Starmer. He's the leader of the opposition Labour Party. He called the whole idea reckless. The public know the infection rate is going up. And they're bound to pinch themselves and say, why on earth then you throwing off all protections at the same time? Of course we want to open up, but to throw up all protections at the same time is reckless. And people are really focusing Noel on the idea that Johnson has that people will no longer be Enforced man, You know, they don't have to wear masks all the time, Indoors and out. And already Sidique Khan. He's the mayor of London. He's saying, you know, we really still want to have these on the tube on buses and on trains. And so it's gonna be very I think the mask uh, the desire to not enforce mask anymore. He's going to be a big sticking point for people that will be interesting. And then I wonder what our public health officials and scientists saying. Are they speaking with one voice in either direction. You're hearing some concern and sort of people being pretty cautious about it. I mean, one thing is there's expectation that when Johnson actually lift these restrictions, if he does do so, in the next couple of weeks would be around July 19th. We'd be seeing about 50,000 cases a day here And speaking on the BBC this morning, Neil Ferguson. He's with Imperial College London. He called Johnson's move a slight gamble and this is the the million dollar question. If we get very high numbers of cases at 1,050,000, it still could cause some pressure to the health system and, of course, Some public health burden. And it's important to remember that these plans are only for England, and it's not a final decision. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. They have their own covid policies..
"imperial college london" Discussed on Bloomberg Radio New York
"Dr Peck Cosh as we head into this Memorial Day weekend, A lot of people are saying they've been vaccinated. They don't have to wear masks. They can be with other individuals without worrying about getting sicker. Infecting others is the risk of getting ill or possibly fostering some sort of additional variations pretty much off the table if you have been vaccinated. At this point. I would say that if you're vaccinated, you certainly are are protected to a great degree. We got from some tremendous data coming out, especially over the last 4 to 5 months. That shows how good the vaccine is working at preventing severe disease that preventing symptomatic disease and even at preventing transmission Now nothing is 100%. And what I really worry about is the 40 to 50% of the population that isn't vaccinated right now. We're in this situation right now in the summer that the virus is not spreading as efficiently as it did in the fall of winter when people were inside, so I don't want people to get a false sense of how low the infection rate is because we're seeing a combination of vaccination and poor transmission conditions driving these low rates come the fall. We may see another surge of cases probably won't be as severe as they were last fall and winter. But we will see a certain cases. If we don't get more people vaccinated very incident of Pecos Johns Hopkins University. Can we pause before the beginning of summer? And say that the institutions that we have spoken to in this pandemic To make the American exception, Paul The celebration of America with our vex and the vaccines versus the news floor, Seeing from the rest of the world, Obviously Fizer, one daring to Johns Hopkins University Imperial College, London and on and on University of Washington microbiology. Just the name. You know some of the people. It's just extraordinary. What American academics has done. It absolutely is. I say, you know it was, you know, he got to buy it. Buy it. Buy a beer for your favorite biotech analyst or scientists or doctor and the folks of the big Pharma companies. You crank this stuff out. It's just Extraordinary. And now you know that Then it became a logistics story. How do you get these vaccinations out across and weak and we get it done. And now I think that may be the last or one of the later stages. Here's relates to the vaccine is to, you know, try toe. You get the folks there may be resistant or hesitant about these vaccines to get more and more of those folks. However, we do it to get them convinced to get the vaccine because we've learned take time to take time. It's gonna take time. And I think it's folks see their family members, their friends get the vaccine and how well it works and the freedom that provides. That's gonna be the key. We'll see. Thank you to the good medical people, particularly Johns Hopkins University who have benefited us through these 15 or 16 months. It's Friday, Friday before Memorial Day..
"imperial college london" Discussed on WSB-AM
"Have ah, kind of a limited surveillance system for them at the current time. Meanwhile, governor camp says the state has administered one million vaccines already in mass vaccination sites are ready to ramp up when we get more doses reporting live, Michelle, right, 95.5 WSB. When at county opens a mass vaccination site it when it play small tomorrow. It's at the old Sears store. Their Friday's a soft launch to work out the bugs before 1000 people show up Saturday by the administration's partnering with states to get more vaccine out. Governor Gavin Newsom says they'll open sides of the Oakland Coliseum and one in Los Angeles is one of their first pilot sites for over 100 community sites. Large mass distribution vaccine centers all across the United States. The administration hopes to get 100 sites like these up and running in 100 days effort to reopen schools in the pandemic may go through the courthouse sure is building to reopen schools. Today, San Francisco filed suit against its own school board, demanding in person learning as quickly as possible. Schools have been remote only since last March. Reporter Maggie Oliver says half the states prioritized teacher vaccinations. Georgia is not one of them unless the teachers over 65 young adults may be the biggest spreaders of Corona virus in the U. S. Researchers at Imperial College London track movement through cell phone data and conclude that adults 20 to 49 account for 72% of covert infection since October. Targeting that group for vaccination might reduce Spread Cove. It's crushing small businesses. Third of the nation's 30 million small businesses say they need government aid to survive the covert 19 pandemic. That's according to a report from the Small Business Administration. It also found sales have not returned to pre pandemic levels for 90% of small business owner reporter Jim Krystle. A says one in five small businesses open last January is no longer an operation likely for good. More than half the world's airline pilots and Not flying due to the pandemic could be yours for the airline industry to catch up. We all know that Scott Apple Mons, the president and CEO of Rainbow Ryders, hot Air balloons and Phoenix, he says pilots are applying for jobs. He calls it a good fit because their flight aware ballooning is up. Up and away in the pandemic is people seek outdoor amusement? Ws Speedy's time 605 pretty darn.
"imperial college london" Discussed on Short Wave
"So today. We're speaking with just weighed in experimental. Physicists at college. London and every night for the past three years just has written a wikipedia entry about a woman or poc scientists. And if this sounds like a big commitment that's because it is. But what motivates. Just keep with. It is the possibility of using wikipedia to combat the bias. In science. We see it in who gets through peer review. We see it in who gets big papers. Cited we see who gets big grants. We see it and who wins awards. And that means that the people that we celebrate and champion incredibly homogeneous and when wikipedia launched the internet was a very small space and it was very dominated by particular types of people. This kind of you know. Tech bro attitude that we still see in silicon valley and places like that majority white majority western a lot from north america some from western europe and those were the first people to start using it engaging in contributing to wikipedia backed according to a twenty twenty study. Eighty seven percents of wikipedia. Contributors are men with media includes wikipedia wick wicky quote a bunch of other platforms and for just this bias in. Authorship creates a bias in who gets a biography so this huge systematic bias against women against people of color against people from the global south against people who are from any kind of particular marginalized group. So it's kind of two things when we have a very diverse editorship and to the things they writes about a not very diverse and this is obviously impacted by the way that science celebrates people and who took about who we define as notable. Right right just to confirm by. Now you've written what nine hundred articles for the site. Oh no no. How many i've written i've written one thousand two hundred one thousand two hundred whatever so sub usually get a bit excited so obviously that's not three hundred sixty five times three so sometimes i get a little carried away but in general i try and stick to one a day sometimes. Yeah yeah. I mean. I've been going for three. Yes so i've done a pretty good job that in those i. We thought a lot about how to ask you this question. Because twelve hundred articles is an extraordinary accomplishment as far as contributing to this encyclopedia. And so the question we're going to go with is if you could build a quarantine bubble with some of the people that you've written about living or deceased who would you include and why should question so so for sure. I'd have to have some of the people developing vaccines enough air. The person who created the oxford vaccine which is is the vaccine this just been approved for use in the uk. A viral vector vaccine is a phenomenal professor. Sara gilbert sara gilbert has had this kind of fascinating rich directory working on the development of a whole bunch of different vaccines that can walk in different corona viruses and kiss kubat. I don't know if you've come across any of your reporting. She's she's a young african american women who is at the national institute of health and had walked back scenes for for sars and mers. So has this really great legacy but also alongside. I kind of scientific research. An extraordinary publication list works to support people from undeserved communities and walks to really amplify the voices of scientists who too often overlooked but also to support young people and getting into an ethic about science. So that people at different ends of that curric- his kizzie is still very young. Where saratoga established professor but both of them have this kind of extraordinary pathway to really ultimately creating the thing. That's going to save the entire world so suddenly. If i if i had according to about they would be in it. I think that. I mean how many people might out in my quarantine babo because i could keep going. There's no official guidance but the often cited wisdom is less than ten. I'm so primed and ready to tell you stories about everyone. I'm so excited about them. So mainly because i have been. She's someone who i wrote about right at the beginning of my wikipedia. A mathematician who gladys west. She was born in virginia in the thousand nine hundred and she went to college. She went to a historically black college and university to study maths. She goes off in becomes the teach <hes>. She then eventually what the us government. Wes she did the early computations and calculations for gps so for all of the technologies that almost everything that we do day to day relies on. Now you know you get in your car keys your phone. You try and navigate took particular location. You use the technology that gladys west created. And when i made gladys west page in two thousand eighteen is really hard to find. Information about. Her book is what for the us government so lots of things are adopted. A couple of months. After i put the page live so after i'd finished writing it and put it onto wikipedia. She was selected by the bbc is one of the top one hundred women so she went into the kind of top one hundred women in the world for any intentional creation. Contribution ebba and when you're on a web page like fat when you're on a page so much traffic and insight people hop over to the wikipedia page really quickly so you could just see the numbers of page views of of the wikipedia. Page going up and up and that meant that more and more people contributed to it so grew story grew. How did that make you feel. I just loved it. I was reflecting on this a lot with with my parents lockdown wife. I kept going live. I kept doing this. And i find nothing more rewarding honestly than seeing other people get recognized then champion for what they've done so absolutely love to have quarantine bubble that so many things that i want us. Yeah and you're collecting. I suppose historical information across different websites and books to write these biographies. Has it ever feel like time travel. Yeah completely does feel like time travel. It's it's so it's so interesting. The things that i find kind of thrilling and exciting now feels such a kind of privilege in a rush to be able to get access to all of the resources that we can do. Now you know online libraries. Nine archives sites archived magazines scientific journals extraordinary places that that turn to for this and there are times when you just feel like fantastic achievement. So so if you see in a lot of the world's when women get married they take their partner's name so sometimes it's quite difficult to find out things about their lives if they got married and all of their publications in this new name. And when you find that one link that one connection that tells you that maiden name and then you can go back and find their phd thesis or who was there examining all this extra level of information. So when i get to that. I'm like jump off the sofer like this is great and say yeah. It's completely like a portal into another world. Right i mean. I've chills just listening to you. Talk about this kind of forensic reconstruction of people's lives and who they were outside of who. They married or other kinds of societal markers of that. Yeah a big part of it. I think a big part of my efforts wikipedia. Who i've met the people that we've trained editor phones is to not just make pages about women no make pages about people of color but to make them as good as the comparable page would-be about a white man. Yeah yeah you've been amazing way of connecting all these dots. I really appreciate hearing that <hes>. I wanna ask you one one last thing. Which is i know that in a lot of ways just talking to you. It sounds like this project is part of such a bigger desire to see science really include nbc driven by all kinds of people. And what do you think it will really take to bring more women and poc's into science so that they stay. Oh such a good question and such a huge one. I mean they're very preliminary simple things that low hanging fruit. If you will know why we don't already have in place you know proper care and support for people who have caring responsibilities so whether that's you know elderly parents or sick parents or especially now in the pandemic who seeing the importance of the childcare and how that skin influence women scientific careers if they're having to work from home but i think more than that we need to really look a scientific institutions and ask really critical questions about why people are leaving. Why do we see. So few black professes. Why do we see so few women in position of leadership. Why do lgbt he. Plus scientists not feel comfortable being out when they're in the scientific workplace and then really put money to and take action to address those individual needs. But i think from a kind of how you get more diverse people into science. I really honestly think the answer is improving our education systems and really support our teachers better. Pay them as well as we pay are bankers so that they stay and so that they create kind of inspiring science lessons. Then go out and got this next generation to come in who keep pushing for this change that we want
"imperial college london" Discussed on KQED Radio
"That's bullshit Ally and conservative South Paulo state representative Douglas Garcia. He's speaking to supporters at a protest against a December Supreme Court decision mandating covert 19 vaccines for all Brazilians. Bull. Sanada has repeatedly said he would not be getting a vaccine because he already had the virus. During a recent speech he made comical claims about the effect the vaccinations could have on the body. So what if you told You just got there, he said. If you turn into a crocodile, it's your problem. If women grow beards and men start to talk with high voices, the pharmaceutical companies say it's not their fault. There's nothing worse than messing with people's immunological systems. Melanie Fontes. Dutra is a biochemist and one of the coordinators of the cove in 19 Analysis network, she says Bolson, Auto and other leaders are playing politics while they should be taking action. Another Dodger moving here to be a scandal. Causes you, she says. Everyone in the world is looking for batches of vaccines from these companies that have been approved and the longer we wait to close these agreements, the further back in the line, we will end up Some Brazilian states have pushed forward with their own vaccination plans, infuriating Bolson auto cell Pollo governors well, Doria has already acquired nearly 11 million doses of the Corona Vac vaccine. In the Chinese companies see Novak. The state says it plans to start vaccinating in three weeks, but Corona Vac has yet to be approved by the federal Health Regulatory Agency. New Year celebrations are over and Carnival has been postponed in Rio de Janeiro for the first time in 100 years, but the country is just now heading into summer and despite growing cases Lockdowns and harsh social restrictions are but a distant memory. Brazilians are likely to feel the impact in the coming months for the world and Michael Fox in floating hopeless Brazil. Over in the U. K. Officials say more restrictions air coming. That's because covert 19 infection rates are skyrocketing. Their officials traces surged to a new, more easily transmissible variant of the coronavirus that started showing up in December. Another new variant has also been identified in South Africa. Signs writer David Quammen has been tracking these new variants and just how dangerous they are. His books include spillover animal infections and the Next Human Pandemic. Kwon Min says he's not surprised by the emergence of new variants of code 19. First of all to say that the Corona virus is mutating is a truism. Viruses are always mutating. Some viruses mutate faster than others and change their genomes. Corona viruses have a high capacity to change their genomes. But when you get a cluster of mutations that seemed to be spreading. As a cluster through a population of hosts than it does raise concern, and that's what's happening with this UK very and also the South African variant, So it's not one mutation. They call it a strain or a variant because it's a cluster of mutations, and the UK variant does seem to be significantly more transmissible, but as far as they can tell so far Not more virulent. What about the scientists who are suggesting that the virus and South East England may not have just mutated but evolved? Adapted to actually get around? Social distancing? Yes, that is the news. That is in this new paper just came from a group at the Imperial College London in a couple of other institutions in the UK, it is by people who really know molecular evolution of viruses. So I tend to trust it and what they are saying is that yes, we can confirm this variant, which they call be. 117 is more transmissible significantly more transmissible, And this is the part that Jumped out at me. They suggest that it might be because of the virus evolving to escape social distancing. They don't use the word evolved. They don't use the word adapt. That's my inference from what they're saying, but it's very, very interesting. What would it take to actually prove that and is there a danger and warning about this really troubling stuff too far in advance? Well, there's always a danger yes, and being too alarmist. But there's a danger in being not alarmist enough. This variant is being taken very seriously now not just in the UK but all over the world. That's why countries are closing their borders to travelers from the UK And yet we know that the horse is already out of the barn. The variant has showed up in Colorado and California. In a number of European countries, so it is out there in it is probably spreading more quickly, but not necessarily causing more severe disease. And so these scientists are being very careful. They're not saying what I just said to you, which is that one could infer that perhaps social distancing is a challenge to the virus, and the virus has evolved around that that I want to emphasize is just Ah, thought that occurred to me reading what they had said that there's a correlation. Between social distancing and where this new variant of the virus has appeared. To outsmart social distancing. How would the coronavirus actually do that The virus might by means of good, old fashioned Darwinian natural selection might become more transmissible meaning? That it might linger in the air a little bit longer in rooms if it were required to do that, in order to continue its chain of existence in areas where people are being careful if people are being careful than the virus might be selected for those those mutations those strains that allowed it to transmit better. Either by higher viral loads, spreading more people shedding more virus or the virus, perhaps lingering in the air longer again. These are my speculations based on very careful paper that has been published by This group from Imperial College, London. So just pulling back David? Just about a year ago, we started hearing the name of the city of Wuhan, and now we know exactly what it's all about. Covert 19 is the biggest wallop to hit the planet. In our lifetimes last week, though, Dr Michael Ryan, who directs the Wh Ose Health Emergencies Program, said this outbreak isn't necessarily the big one. If there's one thing we need to take from this pandemic, with all of the tragedy in last Is that we need to get our act together. We need to get ready for something that may even be more severe in future. So David Quammen is the scientific community prepared for the next big pandemic and more to the point, perhaps, is much of the globe's population ready to take the next spillover seriously. We will see whether this this horrible experience that we're having now will be an inflection point for popular understanding appreciation of the dangers. Of pandemic. Whether people will take it seriously well, whether they will support leaders who take it seriously, whether they will support taxation that allows for preparedness, whether they will take science more seriously. I mean, that's sort of one of the underlying problems with this whole thing is we've got people not just in the U. S, but all around the world not just resistant to getting vaccinated. But resistant to the whole idea that that science gives us objective understanding of empirical facts that there are such a thing as absolute empirical facts rather than everyone having their own preferred fax so science denialism underlies that we've got to fix that by educating our Children well in science and in critical thinking early on. And turning them into better citizens than we are. Science writer David Commons books include spillover animal infections and the next human pandemic. Thank you very much, David. Good to speak with you. Thank you, Mark. Always good to talk with you..
"imperial college london" Discussed on WTOP
"K and X is John Baird in Los Angeles. The governor gave the okay to adjust the nurse to patient ratios a few weeks ago and now, for example, I see you. Nurses can care for three patients instead of two and er nurses may be asked to handle six patients instead of four. Joanne Spats is the director of the Institute for Health Policy Studies that U C. San Francisco. Our overall number of nurses for population is among the lowest in the United States, even though the hospital's their staff really, really well. This is putting more stress and strain on the nurses, with experts predicting another surge of Copan patients. Coming very soon. A study by British scientist confirms that the new strain of coronavirus first identified in Britain is much more contagious than the original strain. Imperial College, London's Axel Gandhi could triple So this is more less the most serious change in the virus that we've seen since the epidemic began. The mutation increases the number of how many people each person infects by as much as 7%. Congress overrides President Trump's veto of the defense bill. On Friday, the Senate voted to override President Trump's veto of the National Defense Authorization Act. The ND A is a must pass annual defense policy bill. Mr Trump vetoed it because of a provision on renaming bases honoring Confederate officials and because it did not include a repeal of a social media liability shield. 81 senators voted in favor of overriding the president. 13 voted against doing so. This is the first veto override of the Trump presidency. That CBS News correspondent Jamie You CAS Missouri Republican Senator Josh Holly says he'll object to the Electoral College tally of the presidential election when Congress meets Wednesday. Utah GOP Senator Mitt Romney says Holly isn't doing democracy any favors to spread.
"Good vaccine news just keeps on coming on the backs of really promising news. From the pfizer. Biontech and madonna now oxford astrazeneca have announced the preliminary results from their phase three trials which showed overall seventy percent efficacy as reminder madonna and visor biotechs. Vaccines both currently show around ninety. Five percent efficacy but seventy percent is still very solid. That's about where dr fauci had been saying. He'd be very pleased to see. But i overall seventy percent. Because there's a weird quirk of the oxford astrazeneca vaccine. That i as someone who is not an immunologist. Don't quite understand but hopefully we'll get more information on it in the coming days. Here's what i can tell you for now. The vaccine like the pfizer biontech one would need to be distributed in two doses however the first dose just needs to be half a dose for some reason. Doing a half dose on the first injection makes the whole vaccine overall more effective than if you got to hold doses quoting stat news. The preliminary results on the astrazeneca vaccine were based on a total one hundred. Thirty one covid nineteen cases in a study involving eleven thousand three hundred sixty three participants. The findings were perplexing to full doses of the vaccine appeared to be only sixty two percent effective at preventing disease while a half dose followed by a full dose was about ninety percent effective. That ladder analysis was conducted on a small subset of the study participants. Only two thousand seven hundred forty one a us based trial being supported by operation. Warp speed is testing the two full dose regimen. That may soon change. Astrazeneca plans to explore adding the half dose full dose regimen to its ongoing clinical trials in discussions with regulatory agencies spokesman told stat in an email and quotes and quoting from the new york times. The oxford scientists said they were still trying to understand why the vaccine was more effective at a smaller first dose. The first is supposed to prime the immune system while the second is supposed to boost its response while it seemed counter intuitive for a smaller i dose to be more effective. They said that strategy. More closely mimic. What happens with a real infection. End quotes peter openshaw professor of experimental medicine at imperial college. London explained to the associated. Press that vaccines. don't work. Like normal drugs where a higher dose produces more effects. The immune system is more complicated. Openshaw also notes that if indeed people do only need half a dose for one of the injections that's great news because it will be even cheaper to produce for more people. This was the vaccine candidate. That i was most excited about early on because it seemed like they kind of had a head start quoting the new york. Times astrazeneca's macos vaccine is designed to genetically altered in a dinner virus found in chimps. So that it harmlessly mimics the corona virus and provoke an immune response vaccine deploying. That technology has never won approval but the approach has been studied before notably in a small two thousand eighteen study of an experimental vaccine against the virus that causes middle east respiratory syndrome or mergers that viruses related to sars cov two the novel corona virus that causes covid nineteen so when covid nineteen emerged the team of scientists at oxford's jenner institute that had been leading the work on similar corona viruses. Had a head start once. The genetic code of sars cov two was published in early january. The oxford team sped to adapt their platform to the new corona virus and begin animal testing and quotes the other win in oxford. Astrazeneca's corner is unlike the pfizer. Biontech vaccine this latest one does not require any special refrigeration just standard storage and transportation temperatures of two eight degrees celsius or thirty six to forty six degrees fahrenheit and it can be stored for up to six months. The moderna vaccine requires cooler temperatures of negative four degrees fahrenheit but then can be stored at normal refrigeration temperatures after thawing in can be stored as such for a month. The pfizer biontech vaccine. Meanwhile requires dry. Ice to store at negative seventy degrees celsius or negative ninety four degrees fahrenheit s- that makes the oxford astrazeneca vaccine much more appealing for areas without the infrastructure or funding to sustain the pfizer. Biotech cold chain. And with that in mind. Astrazeneca is applying for early approval wherever it can as well as an emergency useless stained from the world health organization so that it can be made available in low income countries they plan to produce three billion doses next year and are committed to providing it at cost around the world through july. Twenty twenty one. The vaccine costs around three or four. Us dollars significantly less than the others late stage. Trials are continuing in the us. Japan russia south africa kenya and latin america and further trials are planned for other european and asian countries. So definitely more good news but watch this space for more
COVID Can Age the Brain by a Decade, Study Suggests
"Of some people recovering from covert 19 may age 10 years. That's according to a study of 84,000 people by researchers at Imperial College. London, Experts say it's important to further investigate the extent to which cognition is impacted within the weeks and months after the infection. And whether permanent damage to the brain function results in some people. That's of
COVID-19 immunity may only last a few months after infection, study indicates
"News researchers in Britain's a Corona virus immunity May only last a few months at Imperial College, London, say the number of people in Britain with antibodies that may protect against the Corona virus Dropped rapidly over the summer. Once the first wave of infections was brought under control. They say it's more evidence immunity may be short lived, a study found. 6% of the British population had antibodies in June, but by September that prevalence was down to 4.4%. In London. Simon in Fox News, Senator
COVID-19 immunity may only last a few months after infection, study indicates
"Now saying Corona virus immunity might only last a few months. Scientists at Imperial College London say the number of people in Britain with antibodies that may protect against the Corona virus Dropped rapidly over the summer. Once the first wave of infections was brought under control. They say it's more evidence immunity may be short lived, a study found. 6% of the British population had antibodies in June. But by September that prevalence was down to 4.4%. In London.
Is Europe copying Victoria's lockdown strategy?
"Say Norman. Let's talk about a place, which is now imposing a five Columba travel limit You can't go to the body shop anymore he conquered the beauty salons jeans I'm not talking about Victoria I'm talking about I land and it looks like pices in Europe adopting some USTRALIAN stall approaches to curbing coronavirus. Yes. Because despite all the complaints about lockdown in Victorian has unnecessary M- should. Just. Let it go climbing from some sources and how in complaining not letting up quickly enough lockdown is actually all you can do when it's getting out of control I mean as a Stralia being used as an example to the world or is this just best practice? No matter where you are let's talk about Ireland for a moment, which is a country that's got a smaller population than Victoria bending how you define. It is right about five million people in the past month if at seventeen thousand cases past week seven, thousand by yesterday twelve, hundred cases in a single day. So. That's getting pretty worrying from them and they they're locked on looks remarkably similar to victorious yet they're going into heights lockdown of his six weeks well, in Victoria. That wasn't long enough. Do you think they might extend it? Well, it's hard to say and it goes on modelling the Senate got more cases and more virus circulating and as we've said. Before on Corona, Cast University of Sydney modeling showed that for every day you delay lock tone when you're out of control, it's a week at the other end, which is one reason why Victoria has gone on a bit longer they try to ring-fence thirty six suburbs. It didn't work and that delayed things by a couple of weeks and we've probably shortened it by lot. At, the end effect on that but that's engine. Now the sorted out and the hopefully, we'll get done very levels, but it depends on how much virus there is around week or so ago a senior person at the W. H. O., the World Health Organization was saying lockdowns shouldn't be the primary way that countries control Khurana, virus, and that sort of headline went out. And I think a of the new Scott got in it because we are seeing countries using lockdown and it can be effective. So where's the? Where's the nuance here? So that's certainly not what was being said last week courting the World Health, organization and we for Monday's synthetically report I interviewed Dr Dave Navarro. Who's in fact, the same health official he's professor of public. Health. Imperial College London and his Special Envoy to World Health Organization on Covid Nineteen, and he feels that he's been misrepresented his view is that sure down is not the first thing that you do. It's not your primary means of control. Your primary means of control has to be testing and contact tracing and quarantine in isolation of the people you find in that process. However he does say that you can get to a point where locked is the only thing that you can do and you should use that lockdown to improve your contact and testing regime. And in fact, if you look at Victoria, that's really although in the first wave, that's what we did as a nation back in March we got our act together in terms of contact tracing. There are still deficiencies in Victoria and they have used the last few weeks to get much better and so the contact tracing regime now in Victoria is fantastic there. quickly, the locking off mystery cases in super-quick time, and that's what you've gotta get. So then fighting the of used that time well. It's not that they're against lockdown. It's just that it has its place. and. When you when it's out of control, the way it is in Europe you've actually got to be able to do that another problem. And, I don't know what they've done in Ireland here. But the problem is the borders and it was a really interesting study the other day looking counties in the United. States and showing that cross-border flow was a very important factor in both the sustenance and the growth of SARS COV to infections. and. If you don't control your borders and you still got people coming in from outside, it's very hard to get this done and on control it. So so really European. Countries are trying to do this with one hand tied behind their bank. Britain and Ireland could control their borders because they're islands but it's harder for other nations exactly and can we just come back to smoking before about Australia and we are doing the numbers that are coming out now looking really really promising do how close are we to having zero spread here in Australia, we're almost there new south. Wales still has cases popping up Victoria might get there before New South Wales because they're still in lockdown and those extra few days of Lockton make make all the difference I think New South Wales it's going to be really hard but they're. You know they're getting on top of it too. I think we're going to be very, very tiny sprayed, and maybe in Victoria, they'll get done to zero spread. And that will make it much easier to open things
UK to infect healthy volunteers in vaccine research trial
"British scientists. This week are launching the world's first human challenge trials for covid nineteen they will infect healthy volunteers with the virus in the hope of further speaking the way to a vaccine. Research which is being led by Imperial College. London is a gutsy gambit given that people will be submitting themselves to the virus with no surefire treatment. The virus can kill volunteers will be given a laboratory grown strain of the virus will been quarantined in a secure unit the Royal Free Hospital in London they'll undergo daily even hourly tests. The initial phase of the study will seek to determine the minimal amount of virus necessary to cause an active measurable infection.
The Latest: Virus infections jump 4-fold in England
"British scientists are reporting that the rate of coronavirus infection across England has jumped four fold in the last month and even higher in regions like north west England and London that's according to a larger government commissioned study that randomly tested tens of thousands of people in the community but the researchers also said that the damage does not appear to be growing exceptionally at the moment Paul Elliott chair of epidemiology at imperial college London who led the study says that some of the recently imposed measures in the UK including banning gatherings of more than six people may have helped slow the spread of Kobe nineteen and it also says about one in two hundred people across England are infected with the coronavirus and increased from about one in eight hundred people in early September there is shockingly London
UK to test vaccines on volunteers deliberately infected with Covid-19
"Considering launching Human Challenge trials where healthy volunteers are purposefully infected with Corona virus and obey the speed of development of a vaccine. Studies could begin in January. The trials will be run by Irish company Open Orphan with Imperial College. London As thie academic lead high marks
The rise of vaccine nationalism should we be worried?
"So hell, we end this pandemic by making sure everyone in the world gets access to treatments or vaccines could determine how we respond to the next one. The world's wealthiest countries, Astrid your amongst them have already BRCA deals with pharmaceutical companies to preorder more than two billion doses of corona virus vaccines that's according to the Journal. Nature those deals, of course are contingent on with the vaccines, a proven safe and effective, and that's big eve. Streaming, problematic calypso chocolate do is director of global health policy with the Santa Fe Global Development and professor in the Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology at imperial. College London obviously governments of wealthy countries heads to. Ten had to be seen to be acting and I totally appreciate the urgency over at all and I had the opportunity to talk to officials here from the UK government also from a European Commission. Now that set aside I think there's a number of issues with the current approach which ignores effectively the effectiveness questioned. The performance questions we're buying things were assuming we'll work. and. That means that goes are now shouldering the bulk of the risk. And they're shouldering the bulk of the is the commercial risk as well without being able to negotiate really on the price these things do come out scrambling is inevitable in my view economists professor I'd Hollas as President of incentives for Global, health, which aims to build a health impact fund to finance new treatments especially for neglected diseases but on the rise of Covid nineteen vaccine. Nationalism. He says one country that started off the United States has been explicit America first policy. In other countries the citizens were unlikely to be happy with their governments. If those governments came back to them with deal that said, we're just going to allow off the Americans to be vaccinated first, and then we'll take our turn along with all the citizens of the rest of the world. It's just became politically unfeasible. To do the right thing. So I think we're having the worst of every world. Really. So were engaging in a sort of an arms race where everybody's trying to out beat everybody else in buying things that we don't really know they will ever materialize or even if they do whether, they will work with the right product. So shouldering the risk as taxpayers effectively, we're doing it in a very bilateral fragmented fashion. So this undermines countries that are not as wealthy, and certainly the middle income countries have been left out of this conversation which I think is extremely problematic. So goelz plan says a global health community to support the low income countries through Garvey and effectively philanthropic subsidizing any successful vaccine doses. But then there's the vast majority of the world's. Forest people are living in very crowded conditions leaving middle income nations live in Nigeria Favila in in Brazil Brazilian cities, they live in Mumbai this country's middling concern necessarily going to qualify for this subsidy, but also not wealthy enough to engage in bilateral deals and behave the way the United Kingdom or the US are behaving been scandalous. I. Think that we haven't talked about these countries if the missing Middle Mrs add on a vaccine. What's the picture for the pandemic and getting on top of it? They will be disastrous for sure it will be disastrous. What will it be looking at situation where income countries close the borders a game where people are not admitted were basically sees. Stop people from moving around. We stop goods from moving around it. It's going to be absolutely disastrous situation is is certainly not desirable by what we want to have is as sensible efficient allocation of vaccines around the world. So. That the people who need to get back stated first everywhere get vaccinated first, and then we gradually progress in each country. Not instead vaccinating people who were very low risk in rich countries while people are at high risk in middle income and lower income countries are left unvaccinated that doesn't make any sense for the world is aside from the moral calculus here of yes. H Nation has an obligation to their own citizens. They also potentially have an obligation to the rest of the world because his biological imperative here isn't they this is a global pandemic. Yes. I'm mean one of the risks of course as if the viruses left to spread among people in lower income countries. At some point, it may mutate into a new form which existing vaccines don't offer protection against. So there is there is a reason for people in high income countries even people who don't care about poor people to say, let's just make sure that everyone gets vaccinated on a timely basis.
European leaders are blunt: A vaccine won't come soon enough
"Which is prime minister Boris Johnson said that might never be a vaccine for cabin nineteen despite the huge global effort to develop one the government is giving an additional hundred and two million dollars to be such as working on separate vaccine trials at Oxford university and imperial college London however despite these efforts Johnson writes in an article in the mail on Sunday newspaper that's quite a vaccine might not come to fruition the U. K. business secretary Alok sama echoed those sentiments in the country's day the virus briefing to sponsor the tireless efforts of our scientists it is possible that we may never find a successful coronavirus faxes Johnson is shama also said that the government is supporting research into drug treatments to help people recover quickly from the virus and looking at new ways to keep the virus at bay such as testing people who have symptoms and tracing their contacts Karen Thomas London
U.K. announces human trials of potential coronavirus vaccine
"Haven U. K. the health secretary has announced a dramatic step forward in the search for a coronavirus vaccine Matt Hancock says that two British projects making fast progress the vaccine from the box the project will be trialled in people from this Thursday in normal times reaching this stage would take he is so human trials altered university and imperial college London up being given more than forty million pounds in total by the government more than a hundred people reported to have died from the virus in UK hospitals on Monday that is a sharp increase from prior days yeah the fact that total brings in what have been necessary reported in previous days over the
Coronavirus: When Will It End?
"In the US? We've been hearing all kinds of different dates at first president. Trump was saying that we could be back to business as usual by mid April. I would love to have the country opened up and just raring to go bicester and it was clear that wasn't happening. We will be extending our guidelines to April thirtieth since then all sorts of dates have been flying around they forbid may at the earliest one way is extending its shutdown to June seventh and some politicians. Just throwing their hands in the air. Everybody wants to know one thing. When is it over? Nobody knows that outside the US. We're hearing that. Some places are the end of this like just this week. Wuhan the epicenter of this outbreak lifted their heavy restrictions. Tonight seventy six days later Wuhan ends. This look down around. Sixty five thousand. People have left Wuhan on trains and planes within hours of that lockdown ending residents of finally free to do that. Move simple things the streets once more on. Today's show is China really done with this corona virus. And what does this mean for the rest of us? How long could it be until we get our lives back to help sort through these questions we? I called up Dr Swap Nil Michele at Imperial College London and he told us well one of the tough things here is that a lot of countries like the. Us Cut a light stop. It has become very difficult to contain it now right. It's almost like every country. It was old. None of this should be fine. We should be. They should be fine but then suddenly after two week everybody or should we are not in a good state to find out if we can get into a good state swap null and his colleagues a building models based around what we know about this pandemic and these models are reaching high places where it is. The Boris Johnson started taking this pandemic seriously once he saw a model from swap mills. Colleagues showing. How many Britons would die if the country didn't take measures to stop it. How did you feel when Boris Johnson took the model of you know of your colleagues and that was what inspired him to change? Refilled ridiculed? The was the first thing and refund tangled. At least they have agreed to us now. And you'll have something that might help us to literally save people so we've been vindicated. Recently swap nells team started looking at whether the measures that countries are taking to stop this corona virus. All these social distancing is actually working and putting us on the pop out of this. They created a model which looked at how quickly this virus is spreading and the death rate and then they looked at eleven European countries places like Italy Spain France and Germany. They then created a couple of scenarios one. What if these countries had done nothing business usual and then to what actually happened off debates social distanced? So what did they find? It was very much evident that the steps like social distancing Stopping schools having a lockdown has helped to control Perriman. It flattened the cat yes. It has quite undergo so for example. According to swap knows model by starting these measures in mid March Italy averted almost forty thousand deaths by the end of that month. The model also calculated that social distancing save lives in all the countries to now. This is a model but evidence from the real world is starting to show something similar just this week. The World Health Organization in Europe said that they're noticing these trends countries that put in strong restrictive measures like Germany and Spain. The seeing drops in the rate of cases and deaths compare that would say Sweden who've been more lax. They're now seeing a fresh surge of cases so on the whole the countries that have done lockdowns flooding. The governor is happening but we still need some bank. How much more time? When does life go back to normal? So when will it end is is literally a question that we really don't have much idea on right now so you had to bet like me and my friends. We will all guessing when we thought we would go back to our normal lives. What what do you think so this is just what I think we might have to be under a lot of measures at least up till June Gin. At least at at least right it does not at most at least right okay. So if we don't really know when this will end what are the clues we should be looking for to know that we're heading out of the woods friends over at the general podcast talked. Dr Anthony Fauci. He's part of the Corona virus taskforce advising the president even know who he is anyway. Edry says that we need to start looking for a drop in the numbers. You have to see a really steep decline on a day by day basis. But you don't WanNa see a little sore tooth up and down up and down. That looks like it might be trending down. It's not like it's trending down. It's got a light steep going down. And when you see that then you could start thinking about that but you gotTa make sure you're absolutely going in the right direction. When Anthony Talks about numbers going down he's talking about new cases now. That can't tell you the whole story though because testing in America has been so higgledy-piggledy that it's really hard to know if we're capturing all the people who just got infected so there's other clues that we can look at to save almost out of this like you can look at hospitalizations or the death rate. Now Anthony says something to keep in mind with the death rate is that there's a two to three week lag between someone getting sick and then dying so are the last thing that stop when the deaths stop. Then you know you're in good shape in Wuhan new cases and deaths had been dropping consistently for about five weeks before China lifted the restrictions over here in the US. It's early days and in many states cases and deaths are still on the rise but he is a promising sign in New York. The Governor says that hospitalizations slowing down. Okay so once we have more good signs like this and you infections and debts are definitely going down. We might see things. Stop to open up but Anthony told the journal. That won't mean that life will go back to normal right now. It's all physical separation. Six feet distance. No restaurants no bars no sports events when you gradually come back you don't jump into it with both feet you say you know. What are the things that you could still do and still approach normal? One of them is absolute compulsive hand washing the other one. Is You don't ever shake anybody's hands. That's clear I could see in certain places people saying. Hey we're going to get back to normal but guess what we have a restaurant that has two hundred seats and that's too much as a big restaurant. Like big restaurants has fifty seats. We're going to only let twenty five people in at the same time. Anthony says we'll have to be on the lookout suitcases pumping back up. And that means we'll still have to keep outdistance or maybe we have to forget about basketball for a little while only played ping pong in our case. It's more than six feet apart. I can. He didn't suggest that one. But bottom line is it's going to be gradual. It's not going to be all
Mitigation vs. Supression
"The chief medical officer has been talking about whether or not we should be having a countrywide shut down for a couple of weeks but he saying that that's not effective. What should we be doing? Do we just accept that. This is a life now. Well yes maybe we should jump and faint into normally we leave our research section till the end but in fact it's relevant to Oughta the chief. Medical Officer was talking about talk about it. Yeah so this is a study out of Imperial College. London mathematical mathematical model. Just remember. It's just a mathematical model. This controversy in Britain about so-called Mitigation Strategy and getting Herod Immunity and this study probably changed British policy and what it does model various degrees of social distancing and other policies on the effect on the epidemic and the particular looking at deaths and the impact on care units and in brief. What they show is if you if you let it rip if you let this epidemic rip the in the British context you'll get half a million lives lost and in the American context two point two million lines. A lot of people will die the upside if you can call it an upside. Is that the epidemic. We've actually much shorter. It would burn itself out because so many people would be infected about eighty percent of people being fainted. Soviet disaster terrible hospitals overwhelmed. Many many people dying. So nobody's going to do that. So what about mitigation and he will be missed. This has been misrepresented savings either or mitigation. Or what they call suppression getting it down to very low levels. Which is what the Chinese have tried to do. And what they've shown in this. Study to be brief. Mitigation is like the left hand side of the bar. Where you you're only doing one or two things to actually do social distancing and quarantining and so on and then there's the full monty on the right hand side where you're doing four or five different things and what they showed was that you've actually got to do a lot of things if you really want to suppress the virus spread to very low levels. You've got to do a lot You've got to do quarantine you've got to do social distancing and indeed. They say you've got clutch schools and universities and the reason they say that is that from some of the data. They got from some countries. Young people do get infected even though they don't get very seek and the beginning fainted at a slightly lower rate than other people but they do spread. Young people are spreaders and we spoke to this yesterday or the day before the spread it probably at about half the rate of everybody else but they still spread it and therefore to really get control. You go to close schools and universities. The how long are we? He like if it takes eighteen months for a vaccine to be ready. Are we talking about doing this for eighteen months? That's the scary part of this paper. Is they're saying well maybe you do. And so some governments are balking this Singapore for example where they haven't shot the schools and they're trying a lure key process but they've got very aggressive contact tracing very aggressive communication with the community. People get what's that misses a couple of times a day. Taiwan is similar so there are different strategies in different countries and New York. What New York's doing is they're doing two major lockdown but the problem with New York and other states in the United States is that they're stars. Luke morning Italy because they haven't had testing it's been spreading under under the radar and it's going to be bad and therefore they're locking down right now country like Australia where we've only got relatively few cases we've got probably a little bit of time but not very much time just to see how it's going so what they're doing is they're putting the food lightly on the break but it is very very lightly and so they're saying you're going to limit visitors to aged care about saving lives needs care. It's not about reducing the spread of the virus. We're going to limit gatherings to one hundred indoors. Five hundred outdoors. Those are arbitrary figures and fairly meaningless. A lot of people are already changing their behavior and not going out. Much the sting at home not going to work. A lot of the population are already doing far more than that. And they're talking about much more stringent rules on travel and travel will make a difference. Because you won't get importation of cases anymore at least into Australia. So we're doing a bit of the right thing and we were on more of the left hand side of the graph in terms of Mitigation Robin Suppression. But the problem is once you put your foot on the brake. You have no idea when you can take it off and might be as long as eighteen months and what the Imperial College people say. Well what you might do as pulse it. You might just off the break a little bit. See and see how fast you speed up. And then if it doesn't work you put back on the break and in Australia. What people would what they'll do. I hope they'll do. Is that the watch. The graph because moment is going almost vertical in New South Wales going really fast in Victoria as well from low numbers. But we've probably got three or four days just to see how it's going. And maybe the strategies individuals are doing going out and so on and these other strategies about large groups. Make a difference. I suspect not and I suspect they're going to be pushed into closing schools very difficult decision with a lot of impact but at the moment. They're not doing that in the winter. See what's happened. But they haven't got a Lotta time to waste. How long are we looking at dealing with this four until a vaccine comes along really Unless it's really really strongly seasonal and it just disappears in the northern summer and in the southern hemisphere disappears as we get into our summer oh towards December. Unless we're lucky with that it'll be with us until we get a vaccine but it will come back because they've been very few infections in the world which have disappeared completely so this is going to come back and we will need a vaccine but the worst case scenario is twelve to eighteen months until we get advancing really whatever way you cut it in for the long haul. We are in for the long haul questions. How severe is and how long we will put up with it because this major change to the way we live for a long period of time so if living things upside down today on Corona's we usually start with your questions. So let's get to them now if you want to send in a question go to ABC dot net dot EU slash corona virus. One of the questions. I'm seeing hates. Norman is whether or not you can get it twice a you immune once you've had five in nineteen. It's still an open question. I suspect what's going to happen with this. Is that is a problem of testing where you get your people know if you've had the flu for example and you know it seems to come back after a week or two is teasha while to shake it off and so that doesn't mean you've been reinfected immune to the virus hasn't gone it's waxing and waning and. I think it's a problem of tasting. We don't have a blood test that really rely tells you what's going on and it's a swab and maybe the the the the we're getting a false negative on the swab and then you get a positive. It doesn't mean you've been reinfected just means the test has been wonky. It's possible it'd be very disturbing if you get reinfection because it means immunity doesn't last a long time but I think the smart money is the immunity is probably going to be at least twelve to eighteen months from this virus. But that's still an open question. What sharing food and food safety is it possible? I guess the first question is. Can you catch it from food? And if so what should we be doing to keep ourselves safe around what we're eating? It's not proven that it can be caused from fruit as far as I'm aware. But what is proven and we spoke before is that in more than one study known children and adults. They have shown that the they can grow the virus and they can pick it up from Pu which means that your guests are into Stein on track is infected. And that means that they've ingested the virus and nobody knows the extent to which you catch it from food or the just swallowed a some as you picked up a droplet you've not only inhaled it. You've swallowed it. These are open questions and it just means that when you go to the bathroom you just to be super careful with soap and water. Wash it for wash hands for a long time. Be Very careful when you're appearing food particularly salads and raw food. I'm not saying you that you could eat healthily. Still the salad still eat raw food but just going to be super careful and of course well foods is a good idea. So we've heard hates about handwashing not doubt that that's really important. What about other things that touch our head and face our our head or you pillow that you lie on not should we be? Washing is more frequently than we would. Otherwise you're sharing a pillow with if it's just you and your partner and you you and your partner the you you you'd be no contact with any other people and you haven't come back from one of you has come back from overseas. Then what's on the pillowcase is? What's on the pillowcase? You're not going to get infected self infect yourself so that's fine I think that Casual sex is a problem. Because you don't know what you're going to catch on that's you. That's very intimate sharing of droplets. So I think that if you know your environment and you know who you live with then you don't need to worry about you. Pillows and sheets new
Jet Altitude Changes Cut Climate Changing Contrails
"Airplanes account for about three percent of the climate altering carbon dioxide emissions. We add to the atmosphere but planes are warming the planet in another way. Cirque up in the sky you probably see at some point an aircraft and behind the aircraft white fluffy streaks on does what we Kulikov trail imperial college. London engineer Mark Staedtler. Contrails are made up of ice crystals that form when aircraft engines emit exhaust that hits the cold air. The ice crystals reflect incoming light from the sun back into space which has a cooling effect on the atmosphere but the contrails also stopped. He coming up from the ground from escaping into space. It's reflected by battles grounds sir. Basil Wilby Affect Staedtler says on balance contrails warm the atmosphere more than they cool it primarily because the cooling effect. Ut reflecting sunlight can only happen during the day when sunshiny whereas the woman in fact you to trapping. A outgoing heat happens all the time. Some contrails can form clouds last for up to eighteen hours during that time they spread out trapping even more heat. This process allows contrails to warm the planet about as much as the carbon dioxide emissions from aircraft but when Staedtler and his team analyze flight data they obtained of airspace. They found that most contrary warming was caused by just two percent of flights and most of those flights originated in the late afternoon because as the sun goes down cooling no longer offset the warming on the warming effect persists into the northern but what if the contrails contribute most to warming could be eliminated such a change could be achieved if aircraft avoided flying in the thin layers of humidity where contrails form by changing the else. You buy a couple of thousand feet up down. It would no longer hold a car. And so what we found in the study was by changing altitude of less than two percent of flights who could actually get rid of just under sixty percent of the woolly affect musical trails. The study is in the Journal. Environmental Science and
China Begins Testing an Antiviral Drug in Coronavirus Patients
"The bank let's get no to the corona virus outbreak China says the death toll has reached at least six hundred thirty six or forty one more cases have been found on the quarantine cruise ship in Japan that comes as Beijing is ramping up its efforts to contain the spread by increasing health screenings of residents in Wuhan for more we go live to Beijing where Bloomberg's Tom mackenzie is standing by so time how how much is China ramping up these efforts to contain the virus and when are we gonna start seeing the number of people infected it's now I think over thirty one thousand I'm gonna start to fall each day rather than continue to rise well that that is the crucial question of course and and very few people have have an exact on the flat they have estimate because you got the likes of Neil Ferguson from imperial college London he says daily inspections could not should be around fifty thousand every single day he doesn't think it's going to peak in just move on into at least margin in the rest of China may be until April or later on in the year he's an expert on these issues but even he can say that something of an estimate into the wall officials they were doing the chronicles of the multi pronged approach you got the corn seeds in areas like the province of Kobe forcible majors in cities like hung Jo which is hard Ali Baba the major economist John that way families now restricted from leaving their apartment twenty one member of the family that every two days buy groceries for example an intention which is just an hour south of Beijing why am now they've imposed similar measures again restricting people's ability to lead their own apartments whether or not lawyers measures will stop being posed in Beijing is another question that will be a major step then of course you got the testing so that ramping up the testing of the lab now a new hand testing to have the ability test ten thousand people a day and of course at the U. S. to send out testing kit as well to about four hundred didn't last minute course medics they were still working on trying to come up with some kind of faxing older of course the WHO's list a long way from that they are testing Chinese doctors a mixture of drugs and played a has been some progress according to state media but the green roll call into the number the coast continues under very few people expect that to radically grow up in the next few days or even weeks so we got all but six hundred and thirty death now thirty one thousand confirmed inspections and it's you said that ship off the coast of Japan now sixty one confirmed cases that many elderly passengers on my cruise ship of course you do have a Chinese doctors in this one Chinese doctor in particular he's been reported on points aloft and that is somebody who raise raise flags about the possibility of this becoming more serious some weeks ago Tom we've seen him die as one of the one of the the many hundreds even outside from the set from this
New coronavirus may have started in bats. But how did it hop to humans?
"Now I this week. An update on the emerging edging viral infection from wounds city in China. The disease was first picked up by Chinese authorities right at the beginning of December and the source appears to be food market in one in city. The virus itself is a newly identified member of viral family called Corona viruses. Chris recently spoke to epidemiologists. Neil Ferguson from Imperial College London did the severity of disease varies from person to person gets it all the way from very severe. Some that's have been Cosi fall to Tur- PARENTI really quite mild. We just don't know at the moment how most people are getting infected decreasingly. It looks like human-to-human transmissions uh-huh playing a more important role. This story is moving so quickly that back when we spoke to Neil there were only a few cases confirmed outside China. Chris as rural adjust yourself can can you give us the update. What's happened since then? What we've now learned fill is a bit more about what this agent is? We know it's a member of the family. vars is known as CORONA ONA viruses infect humans naturally but they also infect lots of other animals too and they fall into three sub families Alpha Beta and gamma and this viruses in the beater beater corona virus group of viruses. And why that matters is that there's a close relative of this virus could saws which some listeners will remember was is what emerged from China under extremely similar circumstances in two thousand to two thousand three and spread around the world infected about eight thousand people it caused about eight hundred through deaths in more than fifty countries. This new virus is about ninety percent similar to solve when we've read the genetic code for it and because of the connection to this food market. We know that there was a probably under the counter. Trait going on an illegal and other wildlife species in that market so what scientists is suggesting is that probably a consignment of animals. Most likely bats were brought to that market those bats infected you the humans directly or an intermediate hit animal and the intermediate animal has become very infectious and then pass infection onto people and we're now seeing is on with transmission because we've got what evidence. This virus is spreading from people who caught it into other people who had contact with those people. Those were some pretty scary figures. Obviously that you just mentioned mentioned for SARS eight hundred out of eight thousand cases. Is this new virus from what we can tell so far as dangerous and will it spread as widely. Do you think overall the number of people dying is not as high as it was for Saul's which was about ten percent seems to be about five percent also the people who are succumbing to this this many of them vulnerable already. They are elderly or they have other health problems but it is early days and that could change because the other thing about these viruses is they can mutate they finding a home now in a new host and that is us and there's every reason to be suspicious that as they learn to live in their new home. They're going going to change genetically and that will rewrite the rules of the ball game and do you know how many people roughly have been affected. So far we're very reliant on data eighty two from China. Now you take that with a pinch of sold because we know that when Saul's happened in China China knew about that for many months before they told the rest of the world and let's properly past the reason why SARS managed to gain such a toehold and spread so far before it was clamped down on. They have been more open and they have been more transparent with this outbreak. Big But at the same time you always have to be cautious about just swallowing the figures that are passed to us. We know now. They're talking about thousands of cases that they have confirmed in China but when one looks at the news of what's happening in China and you see lockdown of entire areas of the country and them saying we're now going going to build a new hospital with a thousand beds in it and we're going to do it in two weeks now that's a major undertaking and that suggests that that very concerned obviously some some of the people listening to our show will fit into those categories that you mentioned earlier people more risk may be people who are older. How worried should they be? Even if they live. Nowhere near China. Well I think one should never be complacent with an emerging infection because this is something which has never circulated in the human race before no one is immune immune to this and it is a moving target could mutate. It could change so one has to be very cautious about saying it's going to be terrible but one shouldn't be complacent and say it's probably going to be fine. What we can say is a we know about it? Be We know that we can make vaccines against agents like list because as an experimental vaccine that his work against the Middle Eastern Korean virus. So I think given that we're watching for it and we all quite well prepared. I would say I would reassure people but at the same time. Don't take it for granted. We've also had a question in in from a listener for you. Chris Jim Hungerford sent us this. Hi Chris always wondering about the house zero for the new corona bars. How can that be measured as a single number? When would've thought a very dramatically depending on the particular situation like if people are crowded together or if they're particularly susceptible because of the weather etcetera many? Thanks what's he talking about. What an RS zero zero stands for the reproduction number in other words when a person is in the community and they're effective with something how many new cases of infection will lay 'cause as a direct consequence of having the infection if the number is greater than one that means? The outbreak is going to increase. Because for every case there's going to be more cases than you started with on the other hand if the number is less than one the infection is going to dwindle handle and it would just fizzle out. Also if every infected person infects to other people than are zero equals to correct. So do you know anything about what it is for this. Wuhan Corona Virus. And we don't and the reason we don't know is because it's early days the data Apache and they're going to be based on certain geographies in China and the point in that that Jim is making his question. Question is surely there's going to be different parts of the world with different populations and the Vars who behave differently when we talk about making these are north values. We're talking about an average so we would see how this thing performs as we gain more understanding. We would compute more accurate all north value for measles for example. You're into double figures that's one of the most infectious viruses ours. Is We know saws. It was down you know. Single figures may be between one and five. It was very low. Flu is about five on the bad here and so therefore we're looking at a number which is probably going to be down in those low numbers I would say based on the trajectory. This thing appears to be taking but it is early days and that's just my speculation finally got a quick take home a message for someone who's seen a lot of news about this virus and isn't quite sure what to make of it. If first of all I wouldn't panic. And secondly I also wouldn't waste your money on a face mask unless unless you're GONNA go and buy one of these proper fit tested. P P mosques which forms of proper seal around your nose mouth and you're gonNA wear eye protection and the as nonprotection matters is because your tear duct straight into your nose when viruses. That loud on your is if they can't infect your is they can still drain into your nose effect you via that route so don't waste money and one of these dopey facemasks going by pints of lager and sit in the pub. It'll cost you probably less. It'll protect you from the virus equivalency will and you'll also enjoy Komo that's advice I can appreciate thank you Chris and we'll be sure to keep everyone posted as the story
How scared should you be when a deadly new virus emerges?
"Dr David Fiszman is an epidemiologist at the University of Toronto. He was also a part part of the team at Toronto Public Health during the SARS crisis in two thousand and three I David Hello. Thank you for being no problem. It is my job to we kind of the voice of the audience in these situations so my first question is just basically like how terrified should I be. is not at all an acceptable. Answer answer I think not at all is probably the most accurate answer is a welcome. Yeah I mean don't be terrified. We've seen this movie before. Tell me the about the movie. So what when did we I hear about this particular virus and what were the reports. It's about three weeks ago. This is apparently now based on reports. We know this is the outbreak such as it is has probably been going on since December. The initial outbreak was in The Chinese city of Wuhan which seems to be where most of the cases are concentrated. The initial report was of a cluster of forty people who had pneumonia and fever fever and those people had the commonality that they had all or almost all been in contact with an animal market in Wuhan China in those first forty cases and this is important. There was one instance where in a household somebody. Who'd been at the market transmitted the virus Paris to someone else in their household? So you had forty primary cases and then you had a secondary case but good on China for telling Everybody and being. I don't want to say sound kind of like Jerky but like surprisingly transparent And getting this they're rapidly Chinese Virologists rapidly sequencing this new virus showing us that it's basically a close cousin of merce corona virus and SARS SARS coronavirus of course has canadians sort of having nasty flashback. Yes but it's it's one of them it in the families called the Beta Corona viruses. If you WANNA be like Dorky with your friends you say oh I think this Beta corona virus separate in Wuhan but so you have forty primary cases making one secondary case now. They're or engaged in case finding and you know I sort of looking at twitter and face palming a bit because people are saying Oh my God. It was forty cases last week. And now we're up to you know oh to forty cases two weeks ago now. It's two hundred fifty cases a few weeks later were right and that's why I asked the terrifying questions because it it does spark that emotion. Yeah Yeah I know for sure and I think we're hardwired to feel that emotion. So why are you face pumping though why my face palming So so so. We don't know the dynamics of this thing but I'm I'm working from analogy from the corona viruses. We do know which is SARS and Murs and what I'll tell you is we've seen this movie. This is this is the same as last time which is reassuring but also potentially scary in some ways. I guess we SORTA unpack that because I do have concerns. I'm a physician. I work part time in hospital roll and I also was a public health officer in two thousand and three so have very vivid memories of SARS and what a an absolute nightmare that was to get through. It's very important and consistent with this weird it's transmissible but it's not transmissible thing. It's very important to remember. During SARS stars I think it was twelve North American cities imported cases of SARS Toronto. Being one of them Vancouver was certainly one of them Chicago. New York San Francisco. Oh L. A. I can't remember the others but we were the only city in North America. That dropped this fly ball is like it's an easy fly ball is hit hit to twelve different baseball players. Eleven of them caught it rate and then they hit Toronto. And it's like Toronto. Dropped bounced all over. You know you sort of one of these humiliating and things were asked to leave the field so we had this sort of and Toronto was sort of An epic disaster last time around with SARS. Because not only only did we have outbreaks which hospital centered and that's also important and we can circle back to that. Hospital centered outbreaks. But we had our own little kind Not a cover up exactly but people started playing fast and loose with numbers to try and make the thing go away which meant that. We were the only city on planet earth that had a double SARS outbreak so we had a SARS outbreak that started and was going away by April Two Thousand and three and then came roaring back in. May I think the question is. I've talked to colleagues about this. You know this is our stress test. How much did we learn from? SARS I think in terms of clinicians the knowledge base is very different in terms of how respiratory viruses can sort of take you down down kill you fill your colleagues close your ICU. Like people get that you say SARS shorthand for that infection. Control role in hospitals is at a different level than it was in two thousand and three having lived experience with both what I worry about in terms of the Toronto health ecosystem. is the crowding. You know because that's what kicked off SARS was dude in emergency room in scarborough for hours and hours and hours and able to transmit to three other people during the emergency room visit which sets up this whole chain of transmission which results in the take down of our healthcare cure system effectively and one point one billion dollars in costs. So that's what I worry about is the is is the crowding which we still haven't figured out the physical plant of our hospitals. It also is a little bit of an accident waiting to happen. I think. Tell me what we know about this virus in particular You mentioned it's close to the other two you know. What are the symptoms symptoms? What does it do how dangerous it so it seems to and this is again is always the case with emerging infectious diseases is the more severe cases? This sort of have you know sort of put their hand up and say please count me. I'm super sick. I am in the ICU. With mystery pneumonia. So Oh please test me for all viruses including weird new fish market crazy virus right so people. People are focused on folks who are super sick and then the bigger the concentric circles around that the less the severity. The less likely you are to actually identify cases so we probably what we probably have here. Here is probably the tip of the iceberg. There's been some work you know. We all have our kind of thing that we do. There's a group at Imperial College London. Who have this? You know they've they've sort of added a Jerrycan of diesel and started up their mathematical model that takes exported cases and tries to back calculate. How large outbreak must be for you to have this many cases in Japan this many cases in South Korea and so forth based on travel plans who travel travel patterns very And they're saying that real denominator must must be about seventeen hundred cases and it's like well okay big city. It's a big place bigger break. Four thousand people die every year in Canada from influenza. So Oh you know just to put those numbers in context at any rate be that as it may. What do we know about this thing? Well the sequence of the virus is very similar muller to the sequence of SARS burs SARS origin mors probably bat origin via camels. Okay so this if you had to bat that Dot origin live animal market seafood market predominantly but other critters being sold at this market. That SARS again How'd how'd SARS from bats to civic cats? Well you know there's this very sort of Catholic lower case z Catholic dietary The kind of regime in some parts of China and people eat a lot of different critters. There are a lot of live animal markets to meet that need. So what you have is creatures. Is that normally would be widely separated by habitat or geography suddenly cheek-by-jowl and you saw this with SARS with civic cats being stored in Live civic cats being kept in close proximity to other animals and presumably the backfires getting to the civic cats that way so I I'm presuming. It's GonNa look something like that. We know so. It's not that transmissible. Usually 'cause we had forty primary cases in one secondary case right we also from our virologist friends that those I sequences of the first virus that they sequenced. Aren't that different from each other and are much less different than you would have expected if the virus had passage from person to person to person person to person says well conserved that suggests a point source outbreak right. So it's like you know it's like diarrhea outbreak at the Burger