35 Burst results for "IL"
Che Guevara as an Icon
"What is one of the most popular images symbolizing revolutionary and radical politics. That you can even think of for me. It's definitely that image of che guevara wearing a beret looking off into the distance. Are we going into this topic of il-chang give out so the year is two thousand nine and met my very first college party and i'm sherlyn you know relaxing all cool not playing some bebo and some guy walks in with t shirt and immediately. It caught my eye because number one. Cuban and number two. It's gigolo at number three. it's a white guy wearing a chicken. I don t shirt and it wasn't very different from any of the times that i saw ceva anywhere else but suddenly some white kid walking into a party wearing a t shirt had me feeling things that i had never felt before when it had seen shale at his image that grew up seeing china's image almost everywhere growing up in miami. You not really presented with people who are very different from your upbringing so growing up with a bunch of cubans. It never occurred to anybody to put j. o. On a t shirt and walk around with it carmen. And i were both raised. Cuban americans in miami where the perspective of tshuva i would say is generally that. This man was very violent figure in the revolution. It's the very first time. I think that i was confronted. With the fact that somebody else might have a different idea of what this image stands for. So get into the image. The image i'm talking about. I'm sure you've seen countless amount of times. It has been said that it is the most reproduced photograph of the twentieth century. And it is the image of chiang about looking off into the distance very serious. He's got long hair and he's wearing a beret with a single star in the middle. The image is called gabrielle at equal or heroic warrior. Yup well i have never translated that. And now as i'm saying it in english it's even
Show Up in Your Life With Na'ima B. Robert
"Today i have with me my good friend. Mental author of from my sister's lips are now new book. Show up it's nightmare. be robots. Wanna come naima why they sell to let you better catch him. Yes in your new book. Do you have with you. Can you show us. Yes here is show a motivational message for muslim women. Much i read the book recently. And i was crying. I was reading it. Because do you remember. Last time we met last time we met on il feed you very powerfully. Shared the story of your husband's passing and everything that you had to deal with right in the off. Some off of that and a low of our listeners viewers really gave us feedback and said that they found your story so inspiring. So it's great that you've taken the story and you know really built a lot of powerful messages around it in this book and i just wanted to ask you like one of the key. Messages of the book is that Tests are negligible right. And and yet you get to decide your story. I loved that. I loved that message of the book that you know tests. I never table. You're gonna be knocked over right By all sorts of things throughout life. But don't be the victim of your story. Don't allow us route to be a
Nats' Strasburg to IL with shoulder inflammation
"Trail one. Nothing bottom of the second and EJ Joshua Hus leadoff homer, the French for the Diamondbacks. Palo, A Speedo, making the spot start for the Nationals. Stephen Strasburg going on the injured list with right shoulder inflammation. He's a 46 pitches now, after two frames the Nats Trail one Nothing
El Chapo, the Sinaloa Cartel, and the War on Drugs
"From selling oranges just to buy food to running. A multibillion dollar drug empire l. Chapels tail is one of rags to cocaine dusted riches. El chapo guzman is a name. Most of us have probably heard of the name. Thousands of people have feared chapel took his childhood entrepreneurial spirit and turned it into an international narcotics operation. He expanded his empire with a combination of bribes government manipulation in innovative shipments system and brute force and tear when necessary. He took on a status as a legendary hero to some and as a heartless monster to others l. chapel maintained his control with an iron fist. No secrets got past him. And no one disobeyed his orders. His employees claimed he's omniscient like god. He sees everything as many people found out. Betrayal chapel or any other leader of the ceelo cartel. And you won't survive long. A man who seemed unstoppable with thousands of supporters willing to die for him managed to escape. Da and other law enforcement agencies for decades and escape from prison twice until his desire for a flashy lifestyle and city life led to his eventual and probably final arrest but his drug empire did not end with l. chapels capture. The seen alot of cartel is still alive and well today ran by el chapo zone children and his business partner il mio. The cartels still runs the majority of the drug trade mexico and seemingly will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. There still powerful enough to engage the mexican national guard indirect battle and win what led to el chapo becoming one of the most infamous drug lords in the world. We're gonna look into that today. Also we're going to look into the us war on drugs without it. There would be no el chapo. If narcotics were legal there would be no need to smuggle them into the united states. There would be no illegal narcotics demand for cartels to supply. Why are drugs illegal. Going to look into the history of drugs in us today at one time or another. They were legal. So what changed. What would happen if we made drugs legal again. would there still be cartels. What our country fall into anarchy and despair or would improve
Ever Had Your Yum Yucked?
"Somebody yuk-mai yum yum. Yuck yeah well it was. It's been going back and forth reading. Em's we move moving on. This is a dm. Oh oh take it up. Let's go so yeah. So yesterday was easter and my family and i got together. We went down to this restaurant in marlboro new jersey. I highly recommended. It's called il. Mito and we did not get a discount. We paid full price and idea or an e e i i l and nito is idea. I believe it means the nest anyway. Tomas nido was a catcher for the mets. Oh get out. Last name nest could be well. He's hispanic so. I don't know if it means something different in spanish than it does an italian well. This guy portal his his food from italy like he knows everybody and this guy knows his stuff. And i gotta tell you. The food was next level. It was worth two fifty minute drive down to route nine over there so so one of the things i posted on. My instagram story was nest black spaghetti with which came with crab green. Chili collaboration chilly book. Targa and pond grotto. Whatever that is it was a beautiful colored dish. And what is jennifer young. Do she gets into my. Dm's and she yuks my young she. She writes. I'm sorry scary. That looks awful. Like worms on a plate away to take the fucking out of my sails. The air out of my tires. So i wrote back to her. It's squid ink pasta okay. You have no idea how great it tasted
Illinois COVID Update Today: IL reports 4,711 new cases, 81 deaths
"Covitz stats in Illinois contained some good news. The state Health Department reports just over 4700 new and probable cases and 81 additional deaths, But the Illinois positivity rate came in at 7.9%, dropping after a recent rise. In all Illinois has seen well over a million covert cases and over 17,000 deaths since the pandemic began,
A Look at the New Figures from the Office for Students on Student Transfer
"We start this week with student. Transfers this week in the office for stevens published data on students who transfer and restart their course in england. Johnny what's going on. Well imagine you're a student who rose up at university and you find you don't like it you've got basically three options one is dropout. One is transferred to a different course and another is transferred to a different university. Possibly a different course. Of course just not liking. It isn't the only possible reason why you might want to transfer you could also find yourself il find yourself with financial problems housing problems needing to move home to look after family. Also thanks and this data released by the affairs gives us a bit of an idea of how big a problem this actually. How big of an issue. It's not necessarily appropriate and it seems like about one in thirty students is transferring and figure seems to be moving downward slightly but there are lots of data problems with getting that number and it looks as frankly. It's if you ask me. They've missed out. Quite a lot of transfers so i think so it's not a small issue and the next question is about whether students have to start from scratch when they transfer and the answer to that is mostly yes only about one in one hundred students get with credit a by my reading of data and so obviously starting again means you're going to have to pay more fees. You're going to have more maintenance costs and the flexibility of transfer is good. We want that didn't should be able to adapt to change circumstances or realize that something might be better for them if they did something different. But obviously the problem doesn't land on everyone equally and this data shows that yet again. It's the students from disadvantaged backgrounds who end up being the most likely to have to transfer At one end of the scale you've got students with parents and friends at university personalized careers guidances. School money for nice accommodation and perhaps less need to get a part time job and at the other end of the scale. You've got someone. Who's i in family to university doubts about whether universities even for the likes of me who's guidance such as it was was about whether or not they could get to university tool not wear or what to study and they're struggling financially with university and there are thousands of individuals falling between those two extremes and we need to make it easier for those who need more help to make it work basically clear. This is interesting. isn't it so when students transfer guests the way. This is framed as students have made the wrong choice. Should we be trying to fix a pre arrival with better information advice and guidance. So should we be trying to fix that through much better. Transfer arrangements both. I don't know yeah. I think there's an element of both jim and you're absolutely right. We want students to to start off on the right course. If at all possible and liaising with schools colleges adult learning groups as well to ensure that students are getting that right advice is absolutely vital but we also want to make to make it as easy as possible I didn't transfer you know. Perhaps early on perhaps at the end of year one. if they haven't quite got it right. I was quite interested as well in in the report in the way i read it. Was that the student characteristics associated with underrepresentation often also associated with an increased likelihood to restart study in that. Got me thinking around sort of issues around resilience particularly for our widening access students. The fact that often these students are really good. Disclosing issues support that they need. They will accept help and and therefore they're often you know more likely to restart study which is really good. But i think there's also possibly an issue for a bigger issue around the ease of credit transfer. It does seem that there's a very low proportion of students are actually able to take credit with them whether it's internally externally and there's a big piece of work i think for the for the sector in terms of looking at you know. Just how easy is it. Take credit with you if you think that you want to make a change. Credit transfer is one of those things which has been the bane of higher education's life decades universities just failing to be willing to recognize what they might have learned to nothing university. And i can see the problems but it's something. It's one of the things that all go the review was trying to fix actually and many things in the org review. I i'm a fan of but one of them was was the fact that he recommended recommended students should gain qualifications along the way they should gain recognition for where they have got to every year of study. Which would create a by default transfer system credit transfer system and it would also mean that dropout becomes less of a problem because for is a is a sort of less extreme version of dropout. It's about being from the some of the causes of dropouts are the same causes for transfer although obviously transfer is a is a less extreme wave it taking shape
"il" Discussed on Parcast Presents
"Army on the planet conscription became mandatory for all north korean males between the ages of seventeen and twenty five and girls were drafted for support and maintenance positions draft. Registration took place at age. Fourteen and the next three years were devoted to basic training. Each conscript received three hundred hours of military training annually. As part of the red guard youth program including a week long training camp in the summer. Approximately six hundred fifty thousand teenagers were in the program at any given time. Deferment from the draft was possible for medical reasons social standing college attendance or technical skills. The children of influential party members were also often excluded from the draft. once enlisted. the young soldiers served a minimum of eleven years for men and seven years for women. North korea quickly developed the most militarized population and the fourth largest standing army on earth. One in three north koreans was serving as a regular or reserve member of the military and the million army reservists were supported by another five million peasant. Workers classified as reserve red guards beyond their exorbitant manpower. The collapse of the soviet military machine also provided plenty of weaponry and military vehicles. For kim jong il's growing forces the numbers were staggering. The dprk had more than one thousand seven hundred aircraft in an air force seven hundred vessels in its navy and over six thousand six hundred tanks and armored vehicles. In terms of weaponry north korea had eighteen thousand pieces of artillery and one thousand eight hundred cruise missiles along with countless supplies of rifles and machine. Guns kim jong il believed the greatest threat to north korean security was south korea and more specifically the desire for reunification and if he believed it so did his people. The cult of personality surrounding the kim dynasty was stronger than ever after decades of propaganda. Kim jong il convinced the citizens that south korea was poised to invade along the demarcation line at any given moment he deployed over seventy percent of his forces to the dmz although there was almost no evidence of southern aggression. While north korea's four billion dollar annual defence budget was less than half of what south korea spent on their military. It represented a full third of north korea's gdp. Kim il soon was committing every resource to national defense and kim jong il was the head of that defense. The terror of the looming war reached all the way up to the highest levels of the communist party. But it was their own commander in chief. They were most afraid of several. High ranking officers. Were worried that kim jong il was itching to use the forces at his command. They believe that reunification of the peninsula a deeply held goal for many koreans on both sides of the demarcation line would be impossible under the trigger. Happy kim family so in nineteen ninety one. They hatched a plan to assassinate. Both kim il soon and kim jong il. Some of kim assumes personal guards informed the conspirators that the kim's were planning to visit their ancestors graves in a mountain village. The plan was to kill the kim's the village and bring their bodies back to young yang as proof. The rebellious officers believed that the rest of the loyal government would do anything to cover up the assassination of the kim's so in a misguided effort to ensure everyone knew the truth. The officers let the word out about their plan. And then the kim's skip their mountain visit altogether. The plan and the conspirators had already out themselves kim jong il uncovered eight of the traders and had seven of them executed. The eighth managed to escape to south korea and live to tell the story with the traders dead or else driven from the country. The kim family's power was secure and by december. Nine hundred ninety. One kim jong il's ascension was nearly complete that month. He was appointed supreme commander of the army a role that had belonged to his father until that moment. Then after the final collapse of the ussr. That year kim jong il issued a formal policy statement from the government under his own name. This was another first. Every official proclamation had previously been signed by kim il soon. The statement was a simple reaffirmation of north korea's commitment to communism but more than anything it was a warning sign to the international community kim jong il was establishing himself as a communist strongman. Even if he would be leading the last stalinist regime on earth he was also demonstrating to the world who would be in charge of his father's legacy just like his father. The mythology surrounding kim jong il was enshrined in official north korean. Lore tales of his alleged abilities were published in official biographies engraved on public monuments and even inserted into textbooks. The domestic cult of personality that kim il sung had founded was now being passed onto his son and made even.
"il" Discussed on Parcast Presents
"Authorized places. An unsightly truths were hidden from view including the poor and sick. Their government. cars never drove past any building. That wasn't shiny new. It seemed like the guides were worried that visitors could reveal the truth about north korea to the world but in fact the set was true. Visitors might reveal the truth about the world to north koreans. This was more dangerous than anything to the regime. Kim jong il's entire power complex relied on an allegiance to communism and maintaining the cult of personality. His father had established to endeared himself to the people the badges of loyalty the monuments and the ceaseless publications to the dear leader. All implied kim jong il was above criticism. No one knew that. At his core he was a hypocrite paying personal pizza chef while a third of his country went. Hungry was but one of kim jong il's many hypocrisies for most of his life. He had a penchant for expensive foreign liquor especially cognac even after doctors told him to stop drinking to save his liver jong il kept importing plenty of alcohol for his party's he also supplied women. North korean defectors reported that his party's often featured a bevy of female entertainment called the joy. Division whose members we're allegedly selected from high schools during the summers however. There was very little sexual behavior allowed at these parties. In one instance. Kim jong il ordered a group of five girls to strip off their clothes. Then he told the party guests mostly high ranking officials and generals to dance with them but he also gave a stern warning and said. Don't touch kim. Jong il's instruction had nothing to do with fidelity he was a proven philanderer marrying several children with multiple women instead keeping women but this allowing his men to touch them was a simple power move. The dissonance of communist dictator enjoying benefits. That are forbidden to his citizens is not a novel concept. What kim jong il mastered better than any other dictator though was the isolation of his people from any outside influence and this isolation was holy necessary. A prime counter example to the austerity of communism was sitting just across the southern border. The dmz was only four kilometers wide but south korea might as well have been a different continent north. Koreans weren't allowed to travel outside the country with very few exceptions. So few that kim jong il always knew specifically who was out of the country at any given time even within the country moving between regions often required permits and passing at least one military checkpoint and north koreans were not only kept physically isolated but mentally as well as the dot com boom of the early two. Thousands made the internet necessity for everyday life. North koreans had no connections at all radio and television. we're still the primary sources of information and all broadcasts were government controlled radio program to only receive the sanction frequencies and just in case anyone got hold of their own radio scanner. Signal jammers played white noise on other frequencies to block any foreign transmissions with no news of the outside world north koreans no comparisons to judge their on circumstances. They only knew what kim jong il told them. Of course kim jong il once again exempted himself from this standard. He set for his own people. Foreign diplomats often commented on how knowledgeable he was about current affairs foreign policies and global markets especially in south korea. Rumors held that he received international newspapers and internet as well as very frequent reports from north korea's few embassies overseas the extent of his knowledge became evident during an almost month-long train tour through russia. In two thousand one. Since the fall of the soviet union the relationship between russia and north korea had weakened to build better ties with his now democratic ally kim jong il decided to make the long trans-siberian train ride to meet vladimir putin. The train was also necessary because he refused to travel by aircraft which he claimed was due to security reasons but in fact was rooted in deep seated fear of flying instead all of his international visits which were almost exclusively to china and former soviet nations were taken on a personal armored train or rather six of them with a total of ninety railcars. South korean intelligence reported that kim jong il always traveled with a retinue of three complete trains. Even within north korea's borders the first train scope the tracks ahead for safety and clearance bringing up. The rear was another train filled with security personnel. And kim jong il's entourage of generals and personal servants. The armored train carrying kim jong il himself travelled between the other two. His rail cars were equipped with state of the art communications gear and lavish comforts including a small movie theater worthy of the film aficionado. During his russian tour kim jong il was accompanied by constantine puliokovsky a special representative of president. Putin pula kofsky said that kim jong il has a powerful aura and his questions clearly indicated that he knew virtually everything about the situation in russia when they reached moscow putin invited kim jong il to his personal apartment. In the kremlin for lunch. It was a spur of the moment invitation that had lasting ramifications for their relationship pool. Koskinen said it was a simple home-cooked meal before then. Kim had seemed reluctant to show emotion. After lunch with putin he was more open trusting and genial putin's supposedly liked kim jong il a great deal and found him humorous and educated. The two men got along famously. Kim jong il even said if people act like diplomats. When they're with me. I also become a diplomat. Putin was honest with me. And i shared my soul to him. This was a strange development for such an isolated leader. his two thousand and one russia visit revealed. How lonely his life must have been as a dictator even though he was surrounded by an enormous entourage. He was without any real emotional connection. Kim jong il new. The adoration of his people was falls. Shin sang oak. The kidnapped south korean movie director told a story about visiting a north korean movie studio one day with kim jong il a group of screaming women emerged from one of the movie sets and waved at the dear leader. While waving back. Kim jong il turned to shin and said it's fake.
"il" Discussed on Parcast Presents
"Who was just three years old somehow. Little man ill fell into the water jong il watched as his little brother drown though he never spoke about it and the death of man. Ill is largely ignored in the official. Dprk narratives his younger brother's death had a profound effect on young jong il. Unfortunately this tragedy would not be the only one in jong il early life in nineteen forty-nine just two years after his brother's death jong il's mother died during an ectopic birth. Her death is well recorded in. North korea and young kim jong il is said to have wept over his mother's body in her coffin when several of the women soldiers at the funeral tried to comfort jong il. His father intervened leave him alone. He said tomorrow he will have no mother anymore. With whom to cry from that day on kim jong il was his father's faithful son. It was the two of them against the world in june. One thousand nine hundred fifty a year. After his wife's death kim-il-sung invaded south korea sparking the korean war. The tide turned quickly against the north and jong il was sent with his sister to wait out the war. In china when the armistice was signed three years later jong il return to a dprk that was broken and defeated he also returned to a divided family. Kimmel soon remarried sometime during the war. Likely back in nineteen fifty one. When jong il was nine years old il-sung's new wife bore him three more children. Two boys and one girl jong il never accepted his half brothers he missed the undivided attention. His father had placed on him so he projected this angst on his teachers at the number four. Pyongyang elementary school as a student jong il excelled at two things mathematics and tormenting his teachers one of them made a list of best practices for keeping jong il happy including proper grooming maintaining eye contact and all his favorite foods. According to the season by the time he reached dumb son senior high school in nineteen fifty. Eight jong il was quite consciously following in his father's footsteps. He was a member of the democratic youth league and he went on tours of local construction sites and factories. He would always lend a hand in the work. During these visits which demonstrated that jong il was not above any other communist citizens jong il's biographies still tell of his nineteen sixty one visit to a textile factory. Work a turn at one of the machines and noticed how stiff it seemed he. Ask the operator if it had been and the worker said yes jong. Il inspected the machine carefully and with an expert. I found a spot. The worker had missed. The machine suddenly worked like new again. The official narrative clouds the truth. There is no evidence of this story ever occurring. The actual truth is simple jong. Il was rushed through university with private tutors for every subject as the son of the great leader. He received blatantly preferential treatment which was spun into stories of his incredible intelligence and ability jong il graduated from university in may nineteen sixty four and the young man was immediately given a role in his father's government specifically the central committee's department of organization in that role jong il proved his loyalty to family and party by exposing several of his colleagues as vacillating elements. This opposed lack of loyalty led to a purge of the department later that year. Every step of jong il's education and career seemed to imply that he was the de facto choice to succeed his father. Central committee officials reported hearing the jong. Il was next in line as early as nineteen. Seventy four but jong il himself refused to speak of succession. There was to be no talk of replacing. Kim il soon ever one specific. Violent example demonstrated this unspoken rule of north korean politics. The unconfirmed narrative suggests that in the early nineteen seventies kim jong il met with a high ranking communist party official in pyongyang the official took the chance to flatter the great leader's son and suggested that he should be declared the successor for whenever his father passed on jong. Il sat for a moment in stunned. Silence the party official probably believed his compliment was so flattering. It had left him speechless instead. Jong il pulled his pistol and shot the official dead on the spot even if. This story is apocryphal. The moral is obvious jong il allowed no discussion of any one. Taking his father's place including himself at the time jong il really had no desire to take over for his father. He was already a senior government official living a spoiled life. He had endless supplies of wine and cognac. As well as a massive collection of western films all of which were prohibited to ordinary citizens. He was living a life of hypocrisy under his father's protection. If jong il wanted to maintain his position and his lifestyle he needed to support his father no matter what resides kim jong il was too focused on other tasks to worry about succession like building movie studios throwing lavish parties and plotting a kidnapping coming up. Kim jong il builds a cinematic empire in a way. Only he could. This episode is brought to you by three m three m always been driven to improve lives through science innovation. It's this forward thinking. Mindset that led three am to invent household items. You've come to know and love like post it notes and command us. But three believes they have a responsibility to use their science to improve lives and even more ways that's why they're directly responding to the covid nineteen crisis by working on solutions for some of today's biggest challenges as a leading provider of personal protective equipment. Three emma's producing critical products for health. Care workers and first responders and donating products and money to local on humanitarian aid partners around the globe. They're also making more respirators than ever before with plants working around the clock and expected to produce two billion total by the end of the year helping those on the front lines. Continue the fight. Three m science applied to life. Learn more about how three am is helping the world respond to covid nineteen at three m dot com slash covid. This episode is brought to you by state farm. When you're in the middle of reason kids buying a home or caring for your parents. Some of the items on your to do list can feel overwhelming. Even when they're simple like buying life insurance you care a lot about protecting your family's financial future and during this stage of your life that can be a lot. Wrap mind around. That's why state farm offers affordable life insurance options that meet your individual needs. 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Unemployment numbers in IL continue to drop amid pandemic
"Claims last week. That's the lowest since March. WGN's Ryan borough with the local numbers more than 70,000, Illinois, residents filed the unemployment claims in the week ending November 7th that's down about 4% from the previous week. Indiana 14,700 Hoosiers filed New unemployment claims up 10% in Wisconsin just over 14,000 people filed new claims holding steady from the previous week. Bryan Burrough, WGN news and you can now personalize your
"il" Discussed on E tu yalli
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Why violence has re-emerged in Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict
"Of Azerbaijan, Il Ham, L. E. F has told the BBC that he does not see much prospect for peace with Armenia under its current leadership, But Mr Ali F said his forces would stop fighting immediately if Armenia withdrew from occupied territories surrounding the disputed n cave off. Not gonna carry back Although Gerren reports Azerbaijan's longtime leader, President Ilha Moliere was sounding confident, he told us the opportunities for compromise are shrinking because back who is reclaiming territories by force. President Ali have said he didn't think there was any possibility for peace with the current Armenian prime minister, Nicole Passion, Yann He insisted that Armenian civilians would be able to remain in Nagorno. Cara Bach on said any fears off ethnic cleansing were groundless. Well
Retirement in America in 2020
"Happy to bring onto the program. Dr Ken Dike Wall, the founder and CEO of age wave. Can just keynoted, the financial planner retreat that we held here at Edelman financial engines last week. This time, of course, was done. Virtually Ken's clients include half the Fortune 500. He received the American Society on a Jing's award twice. He's one of the 35 most influential thought leaders in the financial services industry, according to investment news. Ken. Thank you so much for coming back on the program record is always great to be with you. Now. The reason that I asked him to come on is because of something can said at our retreat. That I've heard. Can you say that several times you and I have known each other for 20 years. I've seen you speak more times than I can remember. You're one of my favorite public speakers. And you said something again in this event, but this time it finally hit me and it got me thinking you gave the following statistic as part of your conversation with us. You said every year in America. We produce about four million babies. And we are also producing about 20 million caregivers. Now that statistic itself is shocking five times as many people are caring for elders as they are for babies. That was really your point reflecting the aging society, right? That was the point you were making. Yes. But it got me thinking it's even worse than that, isn't it? Because when you have four million babies that doesn't mean four million new moms, lots of mom's air having their second or third baby. Which means we're not producing four million new moms were producing Maybe one or two million new moms versus the 20 million new caregivers. The dispersion is even worse than the statistic itself. Suggests, isn't it? Yeah, it's something that sort of off the radar, but it's not off the radar. I'm sure for all of your listeners because nearly every one of us is touched by this in our life, you know, looking after a mom or a dad or a spouse or brother or a sister. It's become a major part of life now and There's a couple of valuables and erected, really pull it together. First, we a cz, you know, and your listeners know we're all living quite a bit longer than humans have ever lived before. The life expectancy in the beginning of the 20th century was 47. Today. It's about 79. But by the way, I'll also tell you that there are 33 countries in the world that have a higher life expectancy than we do. We are very middling when it comes to longevity. But the really interesting piece of it is what's called health span. So our health span doesn't seem to be matching our lifespan. What I mean In the United States. On average, we spend about 10 years sick at the end of our lives, and sometimes we can even spend years dying. Now what that does is, it creates an entire segment of our population. Turning that suffering for whom Our health care system has not done a good job preventing illness or disease but also causes family members. Tohave tow walk away from their jobs, their take every Tuesday afternoon off or relocate. In order to look after either their spouse or their mom and dad and the numbers are enormous. You mentioned 20 million new ones last year, but all in is over 40 million elder caregivers right now in America. And that number can on ly get bigger, right? Yeah, it's going to get bigger and a little more complicated, and I'll explain this. First of all, one of the major variables here has to do with the relation between Men and women and let me explain in America. The average woman who's partnered with a man has a man whose 2.5 years older than her. That's the average right now. The women live five years longer than men. So what usually happens then, At the end of one's life, the mangroves, Il begins to falter. The wife will put everything inside and care for her maid for her loved one. He dies, she might be emotionally depleted. They might even be financially depleted because they perhaps didn't have the resources. Handle what happens when someone is ill. But then she's going to live another 7 to 10 years. Who's going to care for her now for boomers. Now I'm a boomer, and I think you are, too. When our parents were having us. They were averaging four kids each, so the greatest generation in the silent generation had a lot of kids. And they were kind of close at hand. Boomers only averaged about two kids each and about almost 20% of the boomers had no kids at all. And so what happens is when we enter into our later years. Who's going to care for us? And so there's gonna be more of a caregiving crunch, which means at home care industries. They're goingto surge. More and more people are going to seek out housemates. More and more. I think we need to put pressure on the medical system and our scientific systems. Because if we could knock out diseases like Alzheimer's, if we could wipe out I know that's something you're committed to if we could wipe out some of the really nasty diseases of the later years. Then we wouldn't have so many older people suffering and therefore we wouldn't have such a need for caregivers. So we've got to get the lifespan and the health span to be more in sync exactly. So this is something that is as fundamental is a gets from a financial planning perspective what we were now referring to as life planning to help people realize what your future is likely to hold, and you've got to think about it in terms of your intergenerational aspects of your family. How many Children do you have? How many of them can you rely on either because of proximity because of willingness because of financial wherewithal to be able to be a caregiver to you, And if you have suspicions that that's not going to be available to you for any of the above reasons you need to start thinking about alternative ways that you can get the care that you're going to need and not just you, but also for your spouse. Right. And another thing that's happened, Rick is it during this horrible covitz situation? 46% of all the deaths have occurred in nursing homes and still nursing facilities. And they're probably not completely to blame because they housed some of the most struggling elders by half of whom have Alzheimer's and dementia. But what happened as a result of that Is that a whole lot of people are saying to themselves, man. I don't think I want to be in a nursing home. Well, okay, then. Then you need to sit down with your financial planner and make sure you've got some resources or talk to your family. So that you could be looked after the comfort of your home in the way you want to be looked after without having to worry about being parked in a nursing home can thank you so much for raising this issue it is. I think something that we're not giving a lot of thought of. We've got an election coming up in a few days. We have the midst of the covert crisis in front of us. Andi. It's very difficult for people to look beyond the here and now given what our nation is facing imminently to looking ahead 5 10 20 years into our financial future, but it's extraordinarily important that we do so especially in the context of the election because it's our nation's leaders who were about to send or return to Washington. That are going to be key for figuring out the public policies necessary to help protect tens of millions of aging Americans over the coming couple of decades. Exactly. Ken Dike. Well, thank you so much for mentioning this your book. As I mentioned what retirees want. It's hugely popular already hitting all the bestseller lists. You're subtitle really says it all, though, about what your new book What retirees want is all about. Subtitle is a holistic view of life Third age, and that's a lot of what I'm trying to put forward in this book for our grand parents when they reach retirement age. Had a couple of three years before their batteries were out today, most of us we had 60. We have another 30 years in front of us and trying to figure out how to make sure we can fund those years and also have a great time during that stage of our life, and maybe even make some great contributions. I think it's going to be the challenge of the future. So I encourage you to pick up a copy of Ken's brand new book What Retirees Want Available Booksellers everywhere. Ken Dyke, Wild founder and CEO of Age wave. Thanks so much Kan for being back here on the program. Stay healthy. Stay safe, Rick. Thanks.
Am I Good Enough with ILL TONE
"Already, one welcome to the addicted mind podcast a great guest today. His name is Chris Hamilton also known as Il Tone in the hip hop scene. Chris, introduce yourself a what's going on. Dwayne, thanks for having me on this show. My name is Chris Obviously. As DWAYNE is introduced I go by the name of ill tone and I may get off artists slash music producer from Vancouver island on the West. coast. Of Canada a right. So you I think you reached out to me and you said, Hey, I have this music I'm in recovery I have a story to tell so I clicked on your links I listen to your music I. Loved it. I thought it was great and I said Man I I WanNa have Chris on the show I wanted to. Share his story and his passion and I could tell in your songs. There's just a lot of thought and there's recovery in them. I guess I should say so tell me a little bit about your story and how this all started. So I grew up in a relatively small town on bank hoover island here it's called the Komax Valley. It's actually an amalgamation of three small towns that together comprise one region and I always found that growing up the age old story of not having enough to do in a small town. You, know I played sports I had I. You know my whole family was around and stuff like that. But I was constantly complaining about how they're. I was nothing to do and I mean there's always something to do when it comes down to vote doors override or something but the town that I'm from is riddled with substance abuse issues. So at early age, you know about each eleven twelve I started drinking. I found right away. The powerlessness aspect of my diction was prevalent right off the Bat. I was always the first starts the last stop and the most terrible feeling the next day. But the most willing to go back out and do it again, and that's sad as powerless as it gets. When you know I, just I hate doing it but right away, I'm still perpetuating this addictive cycle. So I started smoking pot to in addition to the alcohol that was consuming I went from being a straight a student who played lots of sports to being a straight C student who played none. had behavioral problems all throughout school mainly high school on that culminated with me being expelled for biting and another thing that was happening around that time was I realized that I was identifying as being bisexual Ryo to make worse for me internally I'm in I'm in a small Redneck town I'm struggling with chemical dependency and I feel that there's no nobody that I can come out of the closet insured this wet. So that was a big part of as wall. I struggled with social anxiety as well, and I felt that the alcohol specifically and later the harder drugs like cocaine ecstasy things like that were away for me to actually become my actual self I say that in quotations. Yeah for sure I wasn't afraid to tell people about You know I wasn't afraid to cut loose to tell jokes to you know hang around with my friends and I introduce myself to New People through parties and things like that whereas I was shy and reserved when when I was sober Angry shine reserved as sober by funding outgoing I wasn't, and so this continued as a cycle throat high school got worse and worse like I said culminated with knee being expelled from school for biting and through all this I found a love for hip hop music. I'd heard hip hop music and loved how how expressive that was lyrically the average hip hop. Some is a law or lyrics than there are in any. Other Genre Newsweek, and I found that these rappers that I was listening to at the time were talking vote a struggle. It didn't matter what it was. Their struggles were much much different from mine but they were talking about some aspect of struggle I thought that I could relate to and so while I started writing mainly just for fun that was always a constant source of inspiration for me one of the few things that I still Enjoy doing after having given up the sports and you know school having flunked out a bit and having been expelled. There were two things. One was positive. It was the music and one was negative. It was the substance abuse
Illinois COVID 19 Update Today: IL reports 4,729 coronavirus Cases
"Governor Jay Pritzker and Dr Go Zeke. I'm probably butchering their names, the director of the Illinois Department of Public Health also reported four thousand seven, hundred, twenty, nine, new cove nineteen cases Monday for a total of three, hundred, seventy, eight, thousand, nine, hundred, and eighty, five in the state since the pandemic began.
Georgia voters head to the polls for special election to fill John Lewis’s seat — temporarily
"The special election to fill the late John Lewis's place in Congress. A slow but consistent number of voters coming out to the CT. Martin Rec Center on Il Killed MLK Drive this morning. The combination of a rainy day in a runoff election where the winner will only serve until January did not stop Mildred and Robert Byrd from coming out to vote to make sure that John Lewis's seat is filled. Congressman Lewis is tiring me. They need someone to feel it, so it was important for us to choose someone. Birds are also planning to head back out in a couple weeks to cast their ballots for the November 3rd election as well at the SETI Martin Recreation Center. Michelle right, 95.5 ws in depth coverage of
Antibody drug may cut COVID-19 hospitalizations
"Possible advance in the development of an antibody drug that may cut covert 19 hospitalizations. Drug company Eli Lilly says that partial results from a study testing a monoclonal antibody may help mild to moderate Lee Il virus patients. Stay out of the hospital. It's a goal that no current Corona virus medicine has been able to meet. However, the results have not been published or reviewed by independent scientists study involved about 450 patients. The drug missed the study's main goal of reducing the amount of virus that patients had after 11 days. The New York Times reports. Other companies are trying to develop a similar drug.
Covid-19 Antibody Drug Shown to Reduce Hospitalizations, Eli Lilly Says
"In the development of an antibody drug that may cut covert 19 hospitalizations. Drug company Eli Lilly says partial results from a study testing a monoclonal antibody may help mild to moderate Lee Il virus patients stay out of the hospital. It's a goal no current Corona virus medicine has been able to meet. However, the results of the study have not been published or reviewed by independent scientists study of involved about 450 patients. The drug missed the study's main goal of reducing The amount of virus patients had a metal virus the patients had after 11 days, The New York Times reports other companies trying to develop a similar drug. What's
Boston - About 20% Of All Massachusetts Restaurants Have Closed For Good Due To Pandemic, Association Says
"Virus pandemic has taken a massive bite out of the restaurant industry. That's no secret. It remains to be seen what the future holds this fall. Details now from W. B. C. TV's Luisa Moola dining al fresco is still in full swing in the north end. But behind the buzz of patrons enjoying the sunshine, there are a slew of restaurants that may never open again. That's like two Yuras in the child off some of the fried. A roly family shattered Il Molo in March and still can't open it now because the bar makes up about 20% of the restaurant's capacity. You're not alone are estimates are that are down. 3600 of the 16,000 restaurants that existed in Massachusetts about my first have not reopened since the pandemic. A star Internet amounts to about one in five restaurants in Massachusetts, closed due to covert 19. That's according to the Massachusetts Restaurant Association with summer
"il" Discussed on THEMOVE
"A it's not a bad news I. I have to know, did you know that the Vlasov one two years ago as an amateur already? Did you go look that up today? No, no, no, no I told. I told I told the last year last year with. Did the mole and surveyed over with Katusha and I said why the Hell don't you sign guy loss because you know? Is He looks like he's a great. Great writer and then then yeah, he he was signed my Asana. He was on this theme What's it call to lose weight. Lose fatal the. The second team of. To Yeah. Well that's yawn you just first of all, you watch too much bike racing. So that's how you know these things but that's just this is not I mean, you've got about twenty of these picks in your career where you to see a guy, you could watch him for a Dang. Okay. That that guy's. LEGIT and so that's that's why. You're you. and. You know and that's you know we're all just here to support you. We just we just a bunch of dumb asses and the you know these things right? Quick Hausky, same with me on and on and on I. Mean it was. Man You got the eyebrow. Kofsky nobody wanted to sign him as a professional. Weird. Spray. Strange. Wow. You know that's good for. Its we saw an exciting Jira last year. So that's cool. Gives us you know who? That's good for. That's good for us. So It'll be and that'll be different bike race in October talking about. Whether and I mean, it's always potentially be sketchy weather when it's usually held but you start getting into the one time I did do tour Lombardia was it was in October and it was so it was wet and cold and It was miserable. So you know they could be facing conditions like that, but we don't need to go down that rabbit hole that's not finished show with without big applause for Yaacob. Fogel Sam today, we've we've almost spoken about him. I mean incredible in. A little bit in the same fashion as. On last year now. Also you know one of the big favorites and just took off with by dropping the last one lucky did like he did last year. that. But can't leave out George Bennett I mean one, one, two days ago Mark Day is doing is going into the Jiro. Team I mean he's he's definitely a clear favourite Jiro now as well. Yeah. I think. So yeah. The. Five for sure. Can you know winning winning Winning a big tourists is not easy you know but. I think we still have guys like Google song and nobody even you know even nobody in his old age I think he's still he's still up there too as one of the favorites but my favorite. Awfully he can recover from from his from his injuries but favorites for the zero is even a pool that would be I mean for a twenty year old to be as good as is and to even for us to even have the conversation. About him winning grand tour. That's. Too. We say it every year I mean, we said it about Bernal last year like are, but it should just if you want to win a grand tour, the next ten years, you probably go be like a bricklayer or something. I mean, this is this kids. and. Again, we say it all the time like we are getting into a phase of cycling here that's going to be incredibly exciting to watch and guys you can. You know that are that are punchy and charismatic, and this is the list goes on and on. Good for us. Good for everybody that loves US game. I. Think it is his theme starts to believe also in his in his possibilities because they're looking at midseason transfers for Jiro. As a few there's two Italians looking at to get them get them on the team. this guy must not from CCC, was rate great results. Last year, they're looking to sign him before Jiro and another guy forgot the name now but but obviously, they're trying to get extra strength so they must believe in his possibilities. You guys heard from the man you heard it from the encyclopedia. Trust you are boys thanks for Thanks for coming on and everybody for tuning in and thanks to or a ring for the support head on over to or a ring dot com and When are we doing another show? Jabe. You're sincere. You're the you're the boss this not till we get to Colorado if we can get into Aspen and now we go our tonight might hit a couple of road blocks. We've got we got US fire situation there, which is is really. You're in the summer. So I seventy last year I seventy both ways it's closed independence pass has been closed all the all they open it last night for some for some traffic but it's and while we just have to monitor the situation I, mean that clerk lows airport is open. but the fires is zero percent contained and. Yesterday the Sheriff told me it moved. Jumped five miles in thirty minutes. Thing, about that. Yeah, that's scary. So Fingers crossed that we can get get some rain. How about that? That would help but anyways that'll be You know I, want to say one thing and leave leave the audience with this, and this is so super open. We'll. We'll show it when we get there and you guys may not know this but the House that we've rented. To do the show in. flaking on the guy's name was originally owned and built by the guy who invented the rock shocks. So the very first rock shocks ever made were made in this garage where we're going to do the show. It's awesome. It's a that's a cool piece of Trivia and history, and but and I'll figure out his name later but Yeah..
"il" Discussed on THEMOVE
"Where you're. Just rest in your hands now that. All. You all you hundreds of thousands of people out there. Listen listen I just gave you a bad ass business idea. So you know daughter cycles have been doing it forever heated grips. Backwards Sharpton you get the idea way figure out how to do. And now they're going go get rich and you know we're just much a poor old bike racers. Addresses and I mean, it's not fair. How are we going to get by George? Say We talked Turkey. Let's talk Turkey what let's start. Let's see what happened. The breakway is established through track riders you'll. Save Team. Your favorite team one general. And then of course, we lost REMCO through crash. And Curious Donna. Gouge. There was a pretty dominant breakaway. George let's not. Let's not call it a breakaway. It's just it's selection selection. Yeah. Okay. Yeah. So Ran. Yuan you can. You can complete what I'm going to say but the first thing in all of we all know Johan are you on Noel Dijon cares one of the greatest minds cycling I think first thing he taught me when I wanted to be a professional cycles like if you get dropping the breakaway, you pulled away too hard. So why three guys? The selection has been pretty much established with the exception of advantage trying to bridge up I mean they it too much work. In my opinion, they should say a little bit or at least save one of their guys mullah was definitely very strong I don't know why they both so hard with three guys in a bracelet. I agree I agree I mean I. Think you know obviously we don't. We don't know how they felt but in my opinion nobody was not feeling great. So he kind of. Took the initiative to set the temple. they should have done this. They should have raised differently just try to survive. You know in half the you already know that normally. You. Don't have to race for anybody to come back because the strongest Rogers are in front and the those who come back especially knowing that it's still there still climb at the end they're not going to be a factor so they had to focus on trying to keep their numbers. Instead of putting the temple now, of course, you know if you're six riders in the front, then you have three three of the same team. It's not it's not that easy but. I don't really you know Mama was the winner of last year. He was in decent shape that already had some some good results in in other races. Knee. Bodies obviously preparing for the Jiro. So He's a I guess you know he was he was the guy who initiative to work, and then she kony's. This upcoming writer. WHO's obviously You know he has a great punchy suited photos racist. So yeah, I don't know I I I didn't You know the tactics of affects Sigfredo today. We're not We're not the smartest in my opinion. Again. And don't I. Mean isn't the word on the street that is the least I what I was hearing as I watched you mamas is a bit of an individual. Maybe not a true trueblue team guy. I don't know if that's not that's what they speculated but initially I, mean he's nimbly. So he's he's thinking he's the boss and you know maybe they're. You know speaking of teams I. Mean we have to talk about any Oh said this is something's missing. For them this is I mean. Unless they're just waiting and waiting but that that is not the same. Team as it was has been in the past. No. I. Can. Hear. You can. You can see also cut up us was was their strongest writer definitely on the same level. You also have to say, okay to Jiro still far away. So. If. We're looking at the the physical shape of of of the guys. Now, we're we're thinking ahead of the Tour de France right. So, in Lumber D- Now they were nowhere they were nowhere. We've seen we've seen them in in the Delfi Nate. Day they were all but definitely, the team also keep sky from the bus leave us to see. I think personally. They found their found that they're equal or maybe they're better in deemed vs by now. But I also think that they're still training for the tour. you know let's not forget know most of those teams come from altitudes they come down from altitude and they you know they went to the to the racist so I'm looking at some. In the Dolphin they I've seen some guys pull off and looking at the power meters and This, let's not be. We shouldn't mean let's not fool ourselves. It's not. It's not the same as we used to. You know it's not normal that during Thomason. Room and that getting dropped when there's fifteen or twenty riders. That's normal. that. They're pulling Kirk sometimes, it might be a no reason sort of panic pooling or posturing on a team that has such incredible success in something like Weird. They're not all there right now there is time for them to recoup, of course. Maybe hurt too I don't know if. I think that training but because. Sober knol didn't start today Obviously, he's also a little bit. Behind especially towards was rutledge. But for Banal I think I don't know if the the back problems or are true or not. He didn't start this morning but in Novi he went training, right? So. You know I I if you if you have back, you don't go training that day. You just take it take arrests in my opinion. I mean everybody's saying how crew is definitely not at his level. Obviously, he's not as level, but his trajectory is unbelievable. I mean, I was with the guy at the end of November he was barely walking made was completing a huge a ton of. Physical therapy wasn't on the bike, and this is the end of November. Now, he's with the top fifteen guys the best argument, the best climbers in the world and sure it's not confirmed level, but it is a thousand times better than where he wasn't November it be continues on that trajectory. I don't know what they're going to stop in maybe not tour maybe get the Gulf resort but is gonNA come back. I don't think I don't think he's he can be at the right level. that. You you don't think and I don't think they're going to take him. Yeah. So but the Kimmy just acknowledge say something. So Yawn if you were watching too much bike racing if you're noticing if you're like geeking out, the people are looking at their power meters, the Dolphin am pulling over and sitting up you spend too much time watching this stuff. And there's too many too many bike races on TV. But no no, I mean. Coming back to Bernal Bernal Those who I mean I. Guess You have seen trading rice from hen remembrance travel. He has trained a lot of volume a lot of endurance. Which is ultimately, you know what you need for three weeks. DEIDRE So I think that Banal still has a level to go up. Roughly obviously. It's right now he's not a leak. If if he keeps that that foreman, he can keep it in my opinion because this is all different season. Now, it's not like he comes off a long long long time on on top shape. He just started. So everybody's mentioning how he Had this similar form before the Jiro last year than coming of came unglued the. Not the same it's not the sounded. He came back and won the tourist de. So he has the grand tour experience and clearly is as good or even better than he was latter better than his rivals. No I'm not sure there's any stopped the guy. Win at a rogue Lich at this level I think nobody beats him. Let me eat also the best time trials in the world. I liked that guy. Yeah. One thing is for sure we we can. We can record one interview of before the start of the tour. I just played every day. It's going to be the same. Yeah. Today was not easier. But still the team was great. Remember. That.
North Korea locks down border city over suspected virus case
"The North Korean city of Kay Song near the border with South Korea has been placed under total lock down. After a person was found there with suspected Cove in 19 symptoms. North leader Kim Jong Il and made the orders, saying that he describes as the vicious virus may have entered his country. Local reports came the suspected virus patient is a runaway who fled to South Korea three years ago before illegally crossing the border into the north only last week if the person is officially declared a Corona virus patient, he or she would be North Korea's first confirmed case. The North has steadfastly said it has had no cases of the virus. Acclaim questioned by outside experts, foreign experts say Corona virus outbreak in North Korea could cause dire consequences because of its fragile public health care infrastructure
"il" Discussed on Parcast Presents
"Structures. The I was fronted by a corporation called the day Song Group. This company owned banks and other legitimate businesses around the world including Ginseng Exporters Seafood Fisheries and gold mines. Second Darker structure was the illicit projects division which oversaw arms, dealing drug smuggling and massive counterfeiting operations. Division thirty nine was responsible for heroin and methamphetamine trafficking that netted five hundred million dollars a year for Kim Jong Il. Somewhere between ten and seventeen thousand acres of farmland in North, Korea is dedicated to poppy fields, the origin plant of opium and Heroin Time magazine estimated in two thousand, three, the street value of north. Korea's heroin in Japan alone was as high as three hundred million dollars. The evidence of this operation is the North Korean. Cells who have been arrested with wholesale quantities of drugs in over a dozen countries, one rumor even suggests that drug dealing is the primary source of the DPRK embassy budgets. The, division employed abundant supply of farmers who gathered mushrooms, poppies and ginger. They also mind gold and transported the products from each region to the North Korean ports shipping. One defector, a former truck driver who delivered refined heroin to the docks, spoke to Time magazine after his flight across the border, he said. We never asked questions. We thought we were showing our loyalty to Kim Jong Il. We thought he would use the money to improve our lives. But while his people were demonstrating their loyalty. Kim Jong Il was only concerned with augmenting his own fortunes, and only loyalty was to his father and himself. The illegal income from division thirty nine allowed him to continue his party's and lavish lifestyle, even while his people work hours in the fields and languished in the Gulags, though Kim Jong. Il was living the high life in a supposedly communist country by the late nineteen eighties. The rest of the communist experiment was in shambles. The guiding Red Star of Communism, the Soviet Union was in rapid decline and to make matters worse. Kim Il Sung's health was failing. With a weakened leader in the end of Soviet support. The, future of North Korea was in serious jeopardy. Coming up North Korea emerges alone after the global collapse of communism now back to the story. By nineteen ninety-one, North Korea's aging great leader Kim il-sung was preparing for chaos, his greatest ally. The Soviet Union was dissolving into a series of fractured violent revolutions. One of the Communist leaders Nikolai Ceaucescu Romania had even been executed by partisans. Like the Soviet Union, North Korea's brand of communism had been rooted in Stalinism. Now, the idea seem defunct after the Soviet collapse. To reaffirm the country's commitment to Stalinism, Kim Il soon called attention to his national ideology of self, reliance or Juche. And in Nineteen, ninety-one self reliance meant self-defense North Korea had lost its strongest ally in the US are now. They had no protection outside their own borders. Fearing his enemies would take the opportunity to strike. Kim Il Sung tasked his son Kim Jong Il with assembling the strongest army on the planet. Conscription became mandatory for all north, Korean males between the ages of seventeen and twenty five and girls were drafted for support and maintenance positions..
"il" Discussed on Parcast Presents
"At all. Radio and television we're still the primary sources of information and all broadcasts were government. Controlled radios were programmed to only receive the sanction frequencies, and just in case anyone got hold of their own radio scanner signal jammers played white noise on other frequencies to block any foreign transmissions with no news of the outside world North Koreans had no comparisons to judge their on circumstances. They only knew what Kim. Jong Il. Told them of course Kim Jong. Il once again exempted himself from this standard. He set for his own people. Foreign diplomats often commented on how knowledgeable he was about current affairs, foreign policies and global markets especially in South Korea. Rumors held that he received international newspapers and Internet as well as very frequent reports from north, Korea's few embassies overseas. The extent of his knowledge became evident during an almost month-long train tour through Russia in two thousand and one. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, the relationship between Russia and North Korea had weakened to build better ties with his now democratic ally Kim. Jong Il decided to make the long trans-siberian train ride to meet Vladimir Putin. The train was also necessary because he refused to travel by aircraft, which he claimed was due to security reasons, but in fact was rooted in deep seated fear of flying instead all of his international visits, which were almost exclusively to China and former, Soviet nations were taken on a personal armored train. or rather six of them with a total of ninety railcars South Korean intelligence reported that Kim Jong Il always traveled with a retinue of three complete. Even, within North Korea's borders. The first trains scope the tracks ahead for safety and clearance bringing up the rear was another train filled with security personnel and Kim Jong Il's entourage of generals and personal servants, the armored train carrying Kim Jong Il himself travelled between the other two. His rail cars were equipped with state of the art communications gear and lavish comforts, including a small movie theater worthy of the film aficionado during his Russian tour. Tour Kim Jong Il was accompanied by Constantin Pulikovsky a special representative of President Putin. Pool Kofsky said that Kim Jong Il had a powerful aura and his questions clearly indicated that he knew virtually everything about the situation in Russia when they reached Moscow Putin invited Kim Jong Il to his personal apartment in the Kremlin for lunch. It was a spur of the moment invitation that had lasting ramifications for their relationship. Pulikovsky said it was a simple home-cooked meal. Before then Kim had seemed reluctant to show emotion after lunch with Bhuttan he was more open, trusting and genial. Putin's supposedly liked Kim. Jong Il, a great deal and found him humorous and educated the to got along famously. Kim Jong Il even said if people act like diplomats are with me, I also become a diplomat Putin was honest with me, and I baird my soul to him. This was a strange development for such an idiot leader. His two thousand, one Russia visit revealed how lonely his life must have been as dictator. Even though he was surrounded by an enormous entourage, he was without any real emotional connection Kim Jong Il new. The adoration of his people was false Shin Sang Oak, the kidnapped South Korean movie director, told the story about visiting a North Korean movie studio one day with Kim Jong, Il, a group of screaming women emerged from one of the movie sets and waved at the Dear Leader. While waving back Kim Jong Il turned to Shin and said. It's fake. Shin remembered a distinct look of embarrassment on the dictator's face. He seemed to know the director could see through performance on another occasion Kim. Jong Il was watching television with his family. When a propaganda message appeared featuring smiling happy children, he lamented how artificial their smiles looked, he said if I tell them to tone down the artificiality, they will go completely in the opposite direction and find the most dirty children in rags. Kim Jong. Il was caught in a dilemma of his own creation between the truth of his country and the narrative. He'd written for it. Even he wasn't fooled by his own propaganda. The truth was that North Korea was slipping farther and farther behind the rest of the world, but while his country slowly rotted Kim Jong Il didn't miss an opportunity to enrich himself with outside investments. When the South Korean conglomerate Hyundai approached him about creating a free economic zone in North Korea's territory, he jumped at the chance the. Would bring more money into Kim Jong Il's treasury, which meant more cash at his disposal to that end the avowed communist dictator could work with a capitalist pigs. He vilified, but his people knew little of the southern economy, including the massive wealth of Hyundai, which meant they also didn't know the extent to which Kim. Jong Il was investing with his sworn enemy. Enemies are not Kim Jong Il still maintained relations with his neighbors. Despite all the national commitment to self reliance, the country couldn't survive without imports mostly from China and South Korea. Kim Jong Il's propaganda downplayed the national reliance on foreign trade. One example was the national power grid which was supplied by a series of generator plants. Most of the parts were manufactured and purchased overseas, but shipped into North Korea unassembled, so they could be completed with locally made materials this way. Kim Jong Il could claim North Korea's power was wholly self sufficient. The truth was North Korea even have the resources to keep the power plants running..
"il" Discussed on Parcast Presents
"Stable of talent would be a boon to the industry on its own, and it might coerce shinto cooperate. The plan was initiated in the fall of Nineteen, seventy seven. When a North Korean agent visited Choi and offered her the chance of a lifetime, he claimed to run a movie studio in Hong Kong and inquired of Choi would be interested in producing films there. He went one step further and offered her a script to direct which came with a hefty paycheck, unable to resist Choi, agreed to visit the studio in January, Nineteen, seventy, eight. When she arrived in Hong Kong the agent took her on a whirlwind tour of the city and introduced her to several so-called fans. It was only when the tour ended on a desolate beach that Choi realized something was wrong. A small motorboat with four was waiting for her. They grabbed her threw her into the boat and stuck a needle in her. When Choi Awoke, she found herself a freighter for the North Korean port of Nampo in small padlocked state room, an enormous portrait of chemicals songs stared down at her. Eight days later, the freighter pulled into port and Choi was mad at the doc by none other than the Great Leader's son himself. Kim Jong Il. The short future dictator, who stood only five with three, looked up at her, and offered his hand then he invited her to join him in the long black limousine, waiting nearby for the ride to Pyongyang. When they reached the city Jong Il relished pointing out the notable sites and monuments. Choice said later Kim Jong. Il was as happy as general making a triumphant entrance into the Capital Jong Il's delusions of. Were encouraged by the cult of personality prevalent in the monuments, portrait's and flags that adorned the buildings. Everything was about Kim Il Sung and as the leaders son. Kim Jong. Il clearly the power to do anything he wanted without fear of reprisal. This included kidnapping Shin. Sang Ok six months later in a similar fashion to choice kidnapping agents nabbed him in Hong Kong and brought him to North Korea, but unlike his ex wife Choi who had accepted her situation with sadness in resignation, Shin fought back. Kim Jong Il was forced to keep him under perpetual guard when he tried to escape, the dictator threw him in a labor camp. With Shin, Sang Ok refusing to Work Jong Il's plan to bolster the north. Korean film industry was failing. Still the DPRK film studios cranked out plenty of mediocre propaganda films, which aided Jong Il position in the eyes of his father and the citizens in nineteen eighty kim-il-sung. decided to make his son's inheritance official. A short announcement was made at a congress of the entire DPRK leadership. Kim Jong, Il was to be promoted to the Central Committee and the Military Commission. Even with this announcement, the dynamics within the newly established dynasty or largely unchanged Kimmel soon was still healthy and completely involved with the day to day. Concerns of his government. Kim Jong Il still had a long wait before he took the communist thrown, so he's simply continued with life as he knew it. Jong, Il had all the resources of the nation at his disposal. He threw lavish parties complete with endless Hennessy Cognac, his personal favorite during his peak years of Consumption Jong Il.
"il" Discussed on Dictators
"The man was stationed along the Northern Limit Line in the Yellow Sea. The line was a disputed boundary between the waters of North and South Korea for many years the North had refused to recognize the sovereign waters of the south claiming that the South Korean navy was violating their own territory. But the animosity between the two Koreas had rarely gone past strongly worded public statements that all changed on the twenty sixth at exactly nine twenty two PM. When an explosion rocked the chosen an moments later the ship broke into sinking to the seafloor with forty six crew members on board when the wreck of the show and was raised three weeks later. The investigators discovered something alarming the propeller and steering system of torpedo torpedo that had been built in North Korea. The SHONAN had been sunk in a deliberate for the first time. Kim Jong Il had committed an act of war. Welcome to dictators apar- cast original. I'm Richard and I'm kate on this show. We're going deep into the minds of some of history's most hated despots this season. We're looking at the Kim family's Communist Dynasty North Korea. You can find. All episodes of dictators and all other park has originals for free on spotify to stream dictator for free on spotify. Just open the APP and type dictators in the search bar at park cast. We are grateful for you our listeners. You allow us to do what we love. Let us know how we're doing reach out on facebook and Instagram at par cast and twitter at podcast network? Today we're exploring the nearly twenty year reign of Kim Jong Il the second of the Kim Dynasty last week we followed Kim Jong Il's upbringing and development as a dictator before he officially succeeded his father. Next week we'll continue our series with a look at Kim Jong Il's successor. His son Kim Jong Hoon long before the attack on the Shonen in two thousand ten Kim Jong Il was flexing his military might to the world when he officially took control of North Korea after his father's death in Nineteen ninety-four Kim Jong Il's set out to build a completely militarized society to maintain the strength of his new dictatorship. He had to be seen as the powerful leader. He had been handed the keys to the kingdom so to speak by his father but Kim Il soon had been a hero who repelled the Japanese and held off the Americans during the Korean War. His son had no war to heroically command. And no foreign invader to repel so. He made one up his propaganda focused mainly on the constant fictional threat posed by South Korea and the US but beyond those two old enemies. Kim Jong Il portrayed the whole world enemy and to sell the narrative. He made some updates to his father's original concept of Jucci or National Self Reliance Kim Jong Il used his propaganda machine to convince the people that their self reliance started with self defense and at the time he took over. There were two key obstacles to achieving this. The first was the decline of communism in the region. North Korea for all its propaganda to the contrary had always relied on Soviet supplies from manufacturing materials to weapons. The USSR had been north. Korea's primary trade partner after the Soviet Union fell in Nineteen ninety-one North Korea was forced to turn China the only other communist friendly government in the region however China was not nearly as willing to trade by the early nineteen nineties. North Korea's infrastructure was crumbling from the lack of imported materials. The second obstacle to self reliance was a terrible famine that struck North Korea in Nineteen Ninety. Four right as Kim. Jong Il was taking power poor planning and farming tactics had led to massive soil erosion on the farms in the northern mountains. In nineteen ninety-five. The region was inundated with rain washing away. The soil and crops the communal farms missed several harvests and the entire country suffered from food shortages between the famine and the lack of trade Kim Jong Il had his hands full but he stubbornly refused to change the script. His family had been writing for decades instead. He ignored the hunger spreading through the country and doubled down on his plan. For militarization. Conscription was made mandatory for all teenage males. Kim Jong Il deployed nearly seventy percent of his army along the demilitarized zone bordering South Korea for the record South Korea had displayed no aggression in decades. Their military had been supported by the United States since the days of the Korean War but the American presence along the DMZ was in fact decreasing. South Korea was in no way preparing for war in an ironic similarity to its communist neighbour. South Korea had also turned inward in the decade since the war but the south had chosen to invest in structure and economic developments instead of a military buildup by the nineteen nineties. Their economy was booming. Thanks to technology exports and they had better things to do with their GDP than attack the north. But Kim Jong. Il's propaganda continued to paint a combined. American and South Korean invasion as the greatest danger to North Koreans that narrative fed into his policies of conscription and deployment to the southern border in effect Jong Il was pulling a simple sleight of hand distracting the people with a warmongering panic while he consolidated his power. This is a classic tactic of strong men and dictators. Keep the population afraid of out side threats and they'll avoid examining the massive domestic issues that the dictator is unable or unwilling to address like rampant starvation. The North Korean government sent out propaganda encouraging citizens to have only two meals a day then government. Food shipments to the mountain villages in. The North quietly stopped Kim Jong Il still publicly maintained that nothing was wrong with the food supply in North Korea. Meanwhile starved corpses were literally lying in the streets. But in September nineteen ninety-five Kim Jong Il swallowed his pride and made an international appeal for help. He told his diplomats to quietly inform other governments and aid organizations of the famine. This was an incredible move by the dictator who was staunchly isolationist. It went directly against the narrative of North Korea's self-reliance instead Kim Jong Il was turning to his enemies for help a risky bid that could be seen as weakness if his citizens found out which made many governments suspicious. He found few nations willing to send aid. Workers and food shipments without proof that the so called famine wasn't a scam. So United Nations commissioned a survey of the country's food supplies and what they found was shocking North Korean farms could only meet about half of the required demand for the population. North Korea was decidedly. Not Self reliant. In addition to the United Nations several non-government organizations or NGOs set up operations in Pyongyang to bring in emergency food supplies. It didn't take long for them to come up against Kim Jong Il's massive propaganda machine when NGO workers would drive into a city with food shipments they would find that only Communist Party officials were there to receive the handouts. The normal citizens were told to stay indoors. There was no evidence of the corpses in the streets the widespread begging or the emaciated children anywhere. They had all been removed while the foreign visitors were around. It was as though Kim Jong Il believed that. If the NGO workers didn't see them they wouldn't know the horrors existed. He was myopically trying to treat the international aid workers like he treated his own people. But it didn't have the same effect the aid workers saw through his hide and seek ruse and they were equally frustrated by the blatant lies. Kim Jong Il Schilling about them. The North Korean. He's present at all times alongside. The aid workers would tell citizens that the ultimate goal of the NGOs was to undermine their communist ideals they encourage the very people receiving food to be wary of the people providing it Kim Jong Il went one step further when Japan shipped four hundred fifty thousand tonnes of grain to North Korea instead of acknowledging the aid. Shipment for what it was. His propaganda claimed that Japan was sending food as an atonement for its past colonial rule over Korea. Meanwhile much of the grain that was coming in was siphoned directly into the army supply and never reached the general population at all. South Korea. Follow Japan's example by sending another one hundred and fifty thousand tonnes of rice and grain. Kim Jong Il claimed he had connived North Korea's enemies into refilling their supplies for them. Then he used the alleged weakness South Korea had shown to justify new espionage missions against them. He dispatched submarines to sit off the southern coast and monitor. South Korean radio and naval activities. It didn't take long for something to go wrong. In Nineteen ninety-six one of Kim Jong Il submarines ran aground off the coast of South Korea when the South Korean government discovered this they responded with a brutal.
IL expand - burst 1
"You're listening to full circle weekly news. News articles are compiled by Eric, the unready and me. Your host Leo Charts. This episode covers the twenty fourth of February to the first of March twenty twenty. The structure and administration of the new project announced. In this new document, Brandon and Virgo and Richard stom- outlined the roles of the chief nuisance assistant, nuisances, package maintainers and the team that supports everything including security evaluation in mentors. The document also notes that changes in the direction of the new project administrative structure can be discussed in possibly altered by new contributors, but decisions are ultimately made by Richard Stolman.
"il" Discussed on Dictators
"The Kim's in the village and bring their bodies back to young Yang as proof. The rebellious officers believed that the rest of the loyal government would do anything to cover up the assassination of the Kim's so in misguided effort to ensure everyone knew the truth the officers let the word out about their plan and then the Kim skipped their mountain visit altogether. The plan collapsed and the conspirators had already outed themselves. Kim Jong Il uncovered eight of the traders and had seven of them executed. The eighth managed to escape to South Korea and live to tell the story with the traders dead or else driven from the country. The Kim family's power was secure. And by December nineteen ninety-one Kim Jong Il's ascension was nearly complete that month. He was appointed Supreme Commander of the army a role that had belonged to his father until that moment then after the final collapse of the USSR. That Year Kim Jong Il issued a formal policy statement from the government under his own name. This was another i. Every official proclamation had previously been signed by Kim Il soon. The statement was a simple reaffirmation of North Korea's commitment to communism but more than anything it was a warning sign to the international community. Kim Jong Il was establishing himself as a communist strongman. Even if he would be leading the last Stalinist regime on earth he was also demonstrating to the world who would be in charge of his father's legacy just like his father. The mythology surrounding Kim Jong Il was enshrined official North Korean Lore Tales of his alleged abilities were published in official biographies engraved on public monuments and even inserted into textbooks the domestic cult of personality that kim-il-sung had founded was now being passed onto his son and made even more ceremonious. Jong Il claim to be a revered horsemen riding at least five miles at a full thirty mile per hour Gallup. Every day since childhood he was also a gifted writer. Allegedly having written one thousand five hundred books in his three years at university though only one ever materialized and it was about cinema his favorite subject. The fabrications sometimes verged on the ridiculous. Kim Jong Il was supposedly a Gulf prodigy claiming that he was shot eleven holes in one on North Korea's only golf course before giving up the sport permanently the average North Korean citizen new more alleged facts about Kim Jong Il than some of their own family members. Of course a citizen wasn't likely to be thrown in a labor camp for not honoring the distant cousins birthday the Jong Il Legends. Were like a security blanket for the population. Giving them blind loyalty to a hero in anticipation of the moment when he would lead them then in July of nineteen ninety four. The moment arrived on July eighth. Kim Il Sung was staying at a villa in the mountains. Not far from one of the nation's many nuclear silos that afternoon he collapsed from a massive heart attack. Kim Jong Il who was never far from his father's side ordered an emergency. Medical team brought by helicopter. But it was too late. The Great Leader was dead. Kim Jong Il was now the de facto leader of North Korea and the last follower of Stalin's communist ideals. His mysterious rain had finally begun but so had a horrific famine as young. Il was promising to for his people just like his father. Did domestic food supplies were running out and the country was isolated from any imports by ECCONOMIC sanctions. North Korea could no longer feed itself and no amount of military might could keep the people from starvation. All Kim Jong Il had was his persona and propaganda to keep his nation from ruin. He was about to face his first true test of power..
"il" Discussed on Dictators
"Released from the Labor camp after his three year sentence. Kim Jong Il watched the formerly married couples reunion with delight. Imploring them well go ahead and hug each other. Why are you just standing there? The couple hugged and the room broke into applause. Then Jong Il said all right. Stop hugging and come over here. The diminutive dictator then announced that Shin had agreed to be his official film adviser. He also announced that the former couple would have a wedding ceremony on April fifteenth. Birthday of Great Leader il-soon Choi and Shin were stunned. This was the first they heard of their remarriage then to appease Shin came assured him Mr Shin. Please forgive the dramatics. No one ever laid a hand on Madame Choi Now. I send her back to you exactly as she was we. Communists are Pure Chin. Was Alarmed at the turn of events but in that moment he had an insight into Kim. Jong Il's motivations he later explained that Jong Il thinks that anyone who lives in a capitalist country can be satisfied if they have enough money. He believed that with all the material support he was providing US. We would be happy. In North Korea the Communist Revolution Justified. Everything even kidnapping but the prevalence of this belief and of Kim Jong Il's own propaganda left. Him shockingly naive about the actual appeal of Communism Jong Il was so certain that the two captive filmmakers would embrace their noble task that he granted them up shit levels of freedom. He gave them a film budget of two Million Dollars. The freedom to travel and official. Dprk passports while they did produce the movies. Kim Jong Il wanted Choi and Shin were constantly plotting their escape finally eight years after choice kidnapping they got their chance on a trip to Europe in one thousand nine hundred eighty six. The couple slipped away from their communist bodyguards and fled to the. Us Embassy in Vienna. Kim Jong Il's grand cinematic ambition had been robbed of its to prime architects in the coming years. The escaped filmmakers revelations about the communist state brought the world more questions than answers. One of the most significant question marks surrounded their film budget and Kim Jong Il's expensive tastes. The budding director made no secret of his family's staggering wealth. But how did they amass such wealth in an ardently communist country? The source of that money went by a simple name division thirty nine. This was the section of the Communist Party that was devoted to capitalism. Nobody is certain when it was founded or the specifics of its inner workings but division thirty nine is essentially a slush fund created to support Kim Jong Il's ambitions and frivolities and he oversaw many of the operations. Personally Division thirty nine was divided into two financial structures. The I was fronted by a corporation called the day. Song Group this company owned banks and other legitimate businesses around the world including Jin Sing. Exporters Seafood Fisheries and gold minds. The second darker structure was the illicit projects. Division which oversaw arms dealing drugs smuggling and massive counterfeiting operations division thirty nine was responsible for heroin and methamphetamine trafficking. That netted five hundred million dollars a year for Kim Jong. Il somewhere between ten and seventeen thousand acres of farmland in North Korea is dedicated to poppy fields the origin plant of opium and heroin. Time magazine estimated in two thousand and three that the street value of North Korea's heroin in Japan alone was as high as three hundred million dollars. The evidence of this operation is the North Korean diplomats themselves who have been arrested with wholesale quantities of drugs in over a dozen countries. One rumor even suggests that drug dealing is the primary source of the DPRK Embassy budgets division employed an abundant supply of farmers who gathered mushrooms poppies and ginger. They also mind gold and transport the products from each region to the North Korean ports for shipping one defector a former truck driver who delivered refined heroin to the docks spoke to. Time magazine after his flight across the border. He said we never asked questions. We thought we were showing our loyalty to Kim Jong Il. We thought he would use the money to improve our lives but while his people were demonstrating their loyalty Kim Jong Il was only concerned with augmenting his own fortunes and his only loyalty was to his father and himself the illegal income from division. Thirty nine allowed him to continue his party's and lavish lifestyle even while his people work. Long hours in the fields and languished in Gulags Kim Jong Il was living the high life in a supposedly communist country by the late nineteen eighties. The rest of the communist experiment was in shambles. The guiding Red Star of Communism. The Soviet Union was in rapid decline and to make matters worse. Kim Il Sung was failing with a weakened leader in the end of Soviet support. The future of North Korea was in serious jeopardy coming up North Korea emerges alone after the global collapse of communism now back to the story by Nineteen ninety-one North Korea's aging Great Leader Kim. Il-sung was preparing chaos. His greatest ally the Soviet Union was dissolving into a series of fractured violent revolutions. One of the Communist leaders Nikolai Ceaucescu. Romania had even been executed by partisans like the Soviet Union North Korea's brand of communism had been rooted in Stalinism. Now the idea seemed defunct after the Soviet collapse to reaffirm the country's commitment to Stalinism Kim Il soon called attention to his national ideology of self reliance or Juche and in nineteen ninety. One self-reliance meant self-defense. North Korea had lost its strongest ally in the USSR. Now they had no protection outside their own borders fearing his enemies would take the opportunity to strike. Kim Il Sung task his son. Kim Jong Il with assembling the strongest army on the planet conscription became mandatory for all North Korean males between the ages of seventeen and twenty five and girls were drafted for support and maintenance positions draft. Registration took place at age. Fourteen and the next three years were devoted to basic training. Each conscript received three hundred hours of military training annually as part of the Red Guard youth program including a week long training camp in the summer. Approximately six hundred fifty thousand teenagers were in the program at any given time. Deferment from the draft was possible for medical reasons social standing college attendance or technical skills. The children of influential party members were also often excluded from the draft. Once enlisted. The young soldiers served a minimum of eleven years for men and seven years for women. North Korea quickly developed the most militarized population and the fourth largest standing army on earth. One in three North Koreans was serving as a regular or reserve member of the military and the million army reservists were supported by another five million peasant. Workers Classified as reserve red guards beyond their exorbitant manpower. The collapse of the Soviet military machine also provided plenty of weaponry and military vehicles for Kim Jong. Il's growing forces the numbers were staggering the DPRK had more than one thousand seven hundred aircraft in its air force seven hundred vessels in its navy and over six thousand six hundred tanks and armored vehicles. In terms of weaponry North Korea had eighteen thousand pieces of artillery and one thousand eight hundred cruise missiles along with countless supplies of rifles and machine guns Kim Jong Il believed the greatest threat to North Korean security was South Korea and more specifically the desire for reunification and if he believed it so did his people. The cult of personality surrounding the Kim Dynasty was stronger than ever after decades of propaganda. Kim Jong Il convince the citizens that South Korea was poised to invade along the demarcation line at any given moment he deployed over seventy percent of his forces to the DMZ although there was almost no evidence of southern aggression. While North Korea's four billion dollar annual defence budget was less than half of what South Korea spent on their military. It represented a full third of North Korea's GDP. Kim Il soon was committing every resource to national defense. Kim Jong Il was the head of that defense. The terror of the looming war reached all the way up to the highest levels of the Communist Party. But it was their own commander in chief they were most afraid of several. High ranking officers. Were worried that Kim Jong Il was itching to use the forces at his command. They believed that reunification of the peninsula. A deeply held goal for many Koreans on both sides of the demarcation line would be impossible under the trigger. Happy Kim family so in nineteen ninety one. They hatched a plan to assassinate both Kim Il. Soon and Kim Jong Il some of Kim il-sung personal guards informed the conspirators that Kim's were planning to visit their ancestors graves in a mountain village. The plan was to kill.
"il" Discussed on Dictators
"Now back to the story by the Early Nineteen Seventies Kim Jong Il was experiencing a meteoric rise within the Communist Party ranks while his father was busy. Touring his Communist. Utopia on propaganda campaigns Jong Il was trusted to run the administrative side of the government on the side. Kim Jong Il still had time for other pursuits like filmmaking. A lifelong movie buff. He opened up studios to make propaganda films. He personally oversaw the production of epic Revolutionary Operas that glorified the Juche Ideology to young Il. This was more than propaganda. It was art. He even published a treatise on film. Theory called on the art of the cinema and his love for movies would morph into a different kind of love sometime in the late sixties. Kim Met a young actress named Song. Hey ream she was already famous on both sides of the Korean demarcation line but she was trapped in an unhappy marriage seeing an opportunity to improve her fortunes. She divorced her husband and started dating. Kim Jong Il Jong Il kept the affair a strict secret. The two lovers spent clandestine nights together and Jong Il began visiting the studios where. Hey Rim was filming. Almost every other day as the affair grew so did Jong Il contribution to the film world. He wrote songs in scenes for several propaganda musicals. Like a Communist. Billy wilder his love for cinema melded beautifully with his love for Song. Hey ream and a deep sensitivity was revealed in the young dictator to be soon. The affair also produced a son. Kim Jong Nam was born in Nineteen seventy-one but his existence was largely kept secret including from Kim Il soon amid the few family members who knew about the birth it once again raised questions about succession was a budding monarchy growing in North Korea as Communist revolutionaries dedicated to returning power to the workers the idea of hereditary succession was anti to their cause. Even the Soviets and Chinese communists aboard the idea for years the North Korean dictionary of political terminologies unequivocally stated that dynastic succession was a product of slave societies adopted by feudal lords. As a means to perpetuate dictatorial rule however that definition was removed in the nineteen. Seventy two edition of the North Korean dictionary. The tide was shifting among the party as kim-il-sung grew more amenable to the idea of a dynasty. He might been a Stalinist at heart but he claimed. This shift was inspired by the chaotic line of succession. In the Soviet Union after Stalin's death the power vacuum in Soviet politics led to the rise of Nikita Khrushchev. A harsh critic of Stalin. Kim Il soon had routed North Korea's formation in Stalinism and in his memoirs he noted that Khrushchev's criticisms of the former dictator. Were the moment things began to go astray. Jimmy il-sung Song believed that if a new leader did not support the legacy of his predecessor. The Revolutionary Party would weaken and collapse whoever succeeded him would need to be loyal. Not only to the Communist ideology but to him and in the early nineteen seventies there appeared to be no better candidate than Kim. Il soons loyal and active son by Nineteen seventy-three Kim Jong Il was a secretary in the Central Committee of the Communist Party. He was referred to by the North Korean media. As the party's center as though he had become the embodiment of communist ideals in the DPRK. Kim Jong Il had also fully committed to his bothers concept of giudice or national self reliance in nineteen seventy-three speech. He even went so far as to brand. The country's national ideology as Kim Il Soon Ism to honor his father as the nation's Guiding Star Jong Il ordered the construction of lavish monuments and buildings named for the Great Leader. He cemented his loyalty with constant affection and care for Kim Il. Some who is still remarkably healthy but Kim Jong Il was taking no chances with his future. He was slyly positioning himself. As his father's right-hand man and his tactics were Working Jong Il was now firmly entrenched as his father's natural successor. It was only a matter of time before the decision would be made official and announced publicly. In the meantime this secure position gave Jong Il even more freedom to pursue his favourite pastime filmmaking throughout the nineteen seventies. He tries to define himself as not just a propaganda master but as an autour. He grew so obsessed with cinematic art. That in nineteen seventy seven. He ordered the kidnapping of one of South Korea's most lauded film directors Shin Sang Oak at the time Shinn's reputation in South Korea was in tatters. He had openly complained about censorship and bribery in the government and they had retaliated by forcing the closure of his film. Studio Shins Open dissent against the cell lead Kim Jong Il to believe the director might be willing to defect to the north. But he couldn't just ask. Shins Sang Oak directly. Instead he planned to kidnap ex wife Choi and he choi was a star of South Korean cinema and having an actress like her among North Korean stable of talent would be a boon to the industry on its own and it might coerce shinto cooperate. The plan was initiated in the fall of nineteen seventy seven. When a North Korean agent visited Choi and offered her the chance of a lifetime he claimed to run a movie studio in Hong Kong and inquired of Choi would be interested in producing films. There he went one step further and offered her a script to direct which came with a hefty paycheck. Unable to resist Choi agreed to visit the studio in January nineteen seventy eight when she arrived in Hong Kong. The agent took her on a whirlwind tour of the city and introduced her to several so-called fans. It was only when the tour ended on a desolate beach that Choi realized something was wrong. A small motorboat with four men was waiting for her. They grabbed her threw her into the boat and stuck a needle in her. When Choi awoke she found herself aboard a freighter headed for the North Korean port of Nampo in her small padlocked state room. An enormous portrait of Kim il-sung stared down at her eight days. Later the freighter pulled into port and Choi was mad at the DOC by none. Other than the Great Leader's son himself Kim Jong Il the short future dictator who stood only five foot three looked up at her and offered his hand then. He invited her to join him in the long black limousine waiting nearby for the ride. Pyongyang when they reached the City Jong Il relished pointing out the notable sites and monuments choice said later Kim Jong Il was as happy as a general making triumphant entrance into the capital Jong. Il's delusions of grandeur. We're encouraged by the cult of personality prevalent in the monuments portraits and flags that adorned the buildings. Everything was about Kim Il Sung and as the leaders son Kim Jong. Il clearly had the power to do anything he wanted. Without fear of reprisal this included kidnapping Shin Sang six months later in a similar fashion to choice kidnapping agents nabbed him in Hong Kong and brought him to North Korea but unlike his ex wife Choi who had accepted her situation with sadness. Resignation Shin fought back. Kim Jong Il was forced to keep him under perpetual guard when he tried to escape. The dictator threw him in a Labor camp with Shins. Sang Oke refusing to Work Jong. Il's plan to bolster the North Korean film. Industry was failing still the DPRK film studios cranked out plenty of mediocre propaganda films which had jong-ils position in the eyes of his father and the citizens in nineteen eighty kim-il-sung finally decided to make his son's inheritance official a short announcement was made at a congress of the entire DPRK leadership. Kim Jong Il was to be promoted to the Central Committee and the Military Commission even with this announcement the dynamics within the newly established dynasty or largely unchanged. Kimmel soon was still healthy and completely involved with the day to day concerns of his government. Kim Jong Il still had a long wait before he took the communist thrown so he's simply continued with life as he knew it. Jong Il had all the resources of the nation at his disposal. He threw lavish parties complete with endless. Cognac his personal favourite during his peak years of Consumption Jong Il was spending seven hundred thousand British pounds. A year on the liquor another extravagance that other North Koreans were prohibited from enjoying nearly every Friday night in the early nineteen eighties. There was a party in Pyongyang organized by Jong Il complete with live music movies and Mahjong at one of his many villas. Choi in the kidnapped South Korean actress was a frequent guest that these Suarez and at one party. In nineteen eighty-three three another guest made a surprise entrance. It was the director. Shin Sang Oak newly.
"il" Discussed on Dictators
"Every step of Jong Il is education and career seemed to imply that he was the de facto choice to succeed his father. Central Committee officials reported hearing the Jong. Il was next in line as early as nineteen seventy four but Jong. Il himself refused to speak of succession. There was to be no talk of replacing Kim Il. Soom ever one specific. Violent example demonstrated this unspoken rule of North Korean politics. The unconfirmed narratives suggests that in the early nineteen seventies Kim Jong Il met with a high ranking Communist Party official in Pyongyang the official took the chance to flatter the Great Leader's son and suggested that he should be declared the successor for whenever his father passed on Jong. Il Sat for a moment in stunned. Silence the Party official probably believed his compliment was so flattering. It had left him speechless instead. Jong Il pulled his pistol and shot the official dead on the spot even if. This story is Apocryphal. The moral is obvious. Jong Il no discussion of anyone. Taking his father's place including himself at the time Jong Il really had no desire to take over for his father. He was already a senior government official living a spoiled life. He had endless supplies of wine and Cognac. As well as a massive collection of Western films all of which were prohibited to ordinary citizens. He was living a life of hypocrisy under his father's protection. If you're ill wanted to maintain his position and his lifestyle he needed to support his father no matter what besides Kim Jong Il was to focused on other tasks to worry about succession like building movie studios throwing lavish parties and plotting a kidnapping coming up. Kim Jong Il builds a cinematic empire in a way only he could high listeners. Have you had a chance to check out my new park? Cast original series daily quote. It is such a refreshing show and I am honored to be hosting it. Daily quote is a two to three minute. Podcast meant to inspire uplift and motivate every day. Not only do I share a meaningful quote from history but also give you the context surrounding it and right now. I am thrilled to be able to share today's quote with you. It's from the Book of Matthew Chapter. Sixteen Verse Twenty Six. If you enjoy this episode make sure to follow daily quote. Freon spotify or wherever you get your podcasts..
"il" Discussed on Dictators
"By nineteen fifty one. Both sides were growing increasingly frustrated with the lack about come. Us President Truman Relieved General Macarthur of his command. After the two disagreed on Strategy Truman believed MacArthur's actions could lead to a larger conflict between the US and Soviet Union. Meanwhile now had lost all faith in Kim Il soon as a military strategist and that China was forced to do the bulk of the fighting. He even suspected him of trying to negotiate a truce behind the scenes from nineteen fifty one to nineteen fifty three. Both sides suffered heavy casualties without making any significant gains or advances. It's estimated that forty thousand American troops were killed while Chinese and North. Korean forces were estimated to have suffered over one million casualties. Despite these heavy tolls. It was the civilian population that suffered most. It's estimated that twenty percent of North Koreans. Roughly two million people were killed while about a million south. Koreans lost their lives as the destruction and casualties mounted it became clear to both sides that neither would emerge victorious so on July twenty seven. The Korean Armistice Agreement was signed it was almost identical to the agreement signed between the US and Soviet Union after World War Two. The country was still divided along the thirty eighth parallel only now there was a section called the DMZ or Korean demilitarized zone to serve as a buffer between the two countries. After the war. Kim was in the weakest position he'd ever faced as leader. Mao and Stalin had begun to lose faith in him and he worried that his own citizens would follow suit. He knew he needed to take drastic measures to maintain control of the country. Once again he used the methods of his icon Joseph Stalin to turn a costly humiliating defeat into an iron grip on the people of North Korea when we return. We'll explore how Kim developed his cult of Personality High Park castors. I have some exciting news for you. I'm hosting a new show called daily quote. It's a quick two to three minute. Podcast that is sure to inspire you and put you on the path to positively each quote will motivate uplift and. Renew your outlook on life plus. I'll dive deeper into the context surrounding the quote can learn more about its origin and the meaning behind it. Here's an episode for you to sample. Take a listen and then follow daily quote free on spotify or wherever you get your podcasts..
"il" Discussed on Dictators
"Kim Il soons rise from anti-japanese freedom fighter to the leader of North Korea seems almost scripted. It's the story of practically every modern dictator as a member of the Soviet army during world. War Two Kim had taken more than a page from. Joseph Stalin's playbook and when Kim returned to Korea in one thousand nine hundred forty five. He consolidated power and support the same way. Stalin did in the Soviet Union by nationalizing resources and industry organizing an enormous national army and propagating his own cult of personality by mid nineteen forty nine. Kim Il soon had fortified North Korea into a self sufficient country with strong industrial and agricultural sectors through wide ranging reforms of the health and education systems. He'd also grown immensely popular but he wouldn't be satisfied until the entire country including South Korea was united under his rule so with the support of his counterparts in the Soviet Union and China Kim and his massive army invaded South Korea on June twenty-fifth Nineteen fifty. They stormed through the peninsula facing little resistance from the haphazard South Korean Army. At first it appeared that Kim's plan might come to fruition but after their collective victory in world war two the Soviets had snatched up territory all over Europe and the US government was not eager to see communism spread any further not a moment too late. They decided to intervene. The US mobilized a small division of around five hundred troops that had remained in Japan after World War Two on July fifth. One thousand nine hundred fifty. They attacked the North Korean forces in Osan just outside of Seoul. Unfortunately this small division was no match for the North Korean army. The American suffered one hundred and eighty casualties. Nearly half their force was killed or severely injured though the United States was able to activate additional troops. No amount of manpower could stem the march of Kim il-sung army and by September U S and South Korean forces were cornered in the small coastal city of Pusan. Kim-il-sung believed. He was on the verge of decisive victory and that within days all of the Korean Peninsula would be his but a steady flow of incoming. Us troops derailed those plans in the ensuing battle of Pusan perimeter the US Air Force was able to bomb strategic North Korean locations. Mainly Transportation Hubs Halting Kim's ability to advance supplies to the front lines and as the US began winning. Its share of small-scale battles more and more American troops arrived until US forces outnumbered the North Koreans finally by mid-september US forces had turned the tide of the war and North Korea to retreat. As their retreat began in earnest. It became clear that North Korea had only prepared for a quick victory. Not a sustained battle for one thing. They were virtually defenseless against. Us Air attacks which wiped out their heavy artillery and they didn't bother to maintain outposts behind them in case of a retreat so when they were pushed back. North Kim's troops had nowhere to rest or resupply. This lack of cashed resources left the North Korean ranks in chaos and with heavy casualties. Nearly half of Kim's forces were killed or taken as prisoners of war the few units that remained were able to retreat safely but posed absolutely no threat to the rapidly advancing. Us forces within weeks. The North Korean army had retreated far past the thirty eighth parallel all the way to a small area in the northernmost border of the country in order to survive let alone continue the fight. They would need a miracle. Luckily China's leader Mouth Zedong was ready to Throw Kim. Il Soon a lifeline on October. Eighteenth nineteen fifty mouse and two hundred and fifty thousand of his own troops into North Korea. Meanwhile Joseph Stalin sent Soviet pilots to provide air cover from our troops as they crossed the border into North Korea the battle of on Jong the first between. Us and Chinese forces occurred on October. Twenty Fifth Nineteen fifty. The hilly brush covered terrain to their advantage. Chinese forces ambushed US and South Korean troops from all sides and easily defeated an entire battalion of South Korean soldiers. The Battle of Anjan not only saved kim-il-sung from certain defeat but at once again shifted the momentum in favor of North Korea. The operation was so significant that to this day October. Twenty fifth is commemorated as war to resist America and Aid Korea Memorial Day throughout China. Now it was clear that the US would have to formulate a new strategy and while the one they chose to pursue wasn't exactly knew it was definitely effective in November. Nineteen fifty they began a large scale scorched earth bombing campaign across North Korea but unlike the previous campaign which targeted North Korean military out posts and transportation hubs. This one was designed to inflict as much damage across the region as possible. It was a strategy almost identical to the one used by. Us pilots in Japan during World War. Two they made no distinction between military and civilian targets often going after schools and hospitals. The goal was to bomb a population into submission throughout the three-year carpet bombing campaign the. Us dropped more bombs on North Korea than they did in Japan and the Pacific during World War Two. Almost every major. North Korean city was completely destroyed. U. S. forces even considered detonating atomic bombs in North Korea. But when it became clear that their scorched earth campaign was producing the desired results already. They decided nukes weren't necessary. During this time smaller scale battles continued being fought on land in and around the thirty eighth parallel the dividing line between the two Korean territories and while both sides could claim victory in certain battles non were decisive enough to shift the overall outcome.
"il" Discussed on Dictators
"Welcome to dictators apar- cast original. I'm Richard and I'm kate. In the previous six episodes. We explored the grim and terrifying reins of famous medieval dictators. Now we're moving onto the Kim Dynasty North Korea. The only dictatorial dynasty in modern history. Every dictatorship we've covered so far has eventually fallen but after seventy five years. The Kim family is still in power. What we're asking this season is why. What makes this regime so different from all the others? Today we'll start at the beginning and see how Kim Il Sung rose from communist anti-japanese guerrilla fighter to the leader of North Korea in the next five episodes will explore how his unquenchable thirst for power transformed him into one of the most feared dictators. How his son Kim Jong Il succeeded him after his death and how his son Kim Jong UN continues the Family Dynasty. To this day you can find all episodes of dictators and all other podcast originals for free on spotify or wherever you listen to podcasts to stream dictators for free on spotify. Just open the APP and type dictators in the search bar at park cast. We're grateful for you our listeners. You allow us to do what we love. Let us know how we're doing reach out on facebook and Instagram at park asked and twitter at par cast network.