35 Burst results for "Higgs"

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

04:47 min | Last month

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"There and including these may be anti higgs including these antibiotics and this is the powdered in particle physics. Before we find a particle like directly explicitly at a collider. We usually have hints from other experiments. That suggest a new heavy particle out there for example before we saw the top court. We re pretty sure it's there. Because we saw results from other experiments that didn't have the energy to make. The top quirk could be influenced by the top quirk in loops in exactly the same way. And so now we have that with the you on g might have to. Experiment is suggested that maybe there's a new particles or around the corner and it's not the only one. Is this other experiment involving penguin diagrams. That we talked about on the podcast. Recently that comes from different experiment at surin that in the same way suggests there might be new heavy particles at play in how some weird be particles decay and again. We don't know what that means. It could be this. it could be. That could be just a mistake. But if it's real it's suggested there are extra particles out there and they could be exists all right so if you find it that would be a pretty big deal but what happens if you don't find what could it mean. Yeah if we don't find them it means we're barking up the wrong tree. It doesn't mean that the standard model is wrong. It just means that we don't have an answer to the big questions like. Why is there more matter than antimatter. Why are there three copies of the electron wire. The corks and the left on so similar when our theory says that they're kind of independent. We just don't have the answer to those questions and so it might just mean that we need to think more deeply need to stare at the puzzle away you know. Sometimes you look at those magic eye paintings and all of a sudden boom something pops out at you and you're looking at a picture of a parrot. It might just be that. We need to stare at the periodic table. The fundamental particles in seeing new ideas new pattern avenue. Kind of question and something else to look for when you write in your proposals as well give me ten billion dollars to stare at my. Why not that's basically theoretical physics right there. Yes but i'm an experimentalist i say. Give me ten billion dollars. I'm going to go try to make these particles improve the exist. Or i'm ignore that there is. I'm going to try to make some new particle. We didn't expect find something totally surprising that isn't anticipated. And that gives us a clue as to how the universe works. And don't forget. The coffee guys need coffee. Important part of physics to ten percent of the budget right there. Well hundred million dollars in coffee. Have you seen prices at starbucks recently. Oh my gosh all right well. I guess let's see we find more higgs bosons because that would make a lot of sense in this universe with all these strange particles and strange phenomenon and it would complete. Our picture of the universe is certainly. Would it would answer a lot of questions. It would give as.

starbucks ten billion dollars ten percent hundred million dollars three copies one
"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

06:54 min | Last month

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"The hayes would have double positive charge. Yeah there will be. Many of the thing is once you start adding he exists. You very quickly get a lot more hicks because you might not be aware but in the standard model our current theory. We actually secretly have four. Higgs is not just one way. The theory already predicts for his. The theory predicts for higgs is but three of them got eaten. So the w plus the w minus zibo zone eight. Three of the higgs bozon's. That's how they got their math. I mean they got eaten. What does that even mean. It means that any universe without a higgs field you had not had the w plus the winz bozon you'd have other particles that were like pure electro weak particles but the higgs field there creates four particles and three of those combined with the w plus the w minus and the z. To make these like weird mixture of particles so the w plus is not just actually a week bows on it. The week goes on mixed in with a bunch of hicks goes on. And that's why it has mass. Wait what does it mean for quantum fields to make like they act together. They merged into one. What does that even mean. It means that they act together. You know that you can have for example super positions of different states right. You can have like an electron is partially spin up. And partially spin down will a w plus bozon on is partially pure electro weak field and partially one of these higgs boson fields in santa monica. You have one of these called a higgs doublet. That actually gives you a four higgs. Bosons three of them get eaten by the w plus w minds z. And one of them's leftover. That's the one that we found. So what happens. You add a second higgs. Will you get four. More higgs bows on's so you can't just go up from like one expos onto to you. Go from four to eight five of which will be visible because three of them have been eaten. But once you go hayes you gotta go full linking get the whole family. It's family style. Everything of the higgs boson restaurant and so some of these new exhibits would be positively charged negatively charged some of the might have plus two charges eggs plus plus and. That's not something we've ever seen before the particle with positive to electric charge. So then what are you saying that we have found other hague's but they're just kind of on another part of the other w bows on. Do you know what i mean like. We have them. They're kind of like you know part of these other particles. Yeah exactly. that's a nice way to say we found this one independent higgs bozon's on's and it's three sort of siblings got eaten by the other ones. So we know they are there if they weren't there than the w and z would also have zero mass and weak force. Wouldn't be very weak. Well maybe eating is is maybe not the right way to say is like god merged or it is part of these other particles. That's true eat is how the theoretical physicists it. They say that these degrees of freedom got eaten by the disease. And so that's the way they like to talk about locked in. Maybe i mean it didn't get digested. There is no but it is not free. It's not independent so freeze not independent. Which means it's not his own field that you can create in a collider and study so those are you might never see but you couldn't. Abc of independent. If you make another doublet there's no more. Wbz's to eat parts of them or to absorb parts of them or whatever. You were you to us. And so all the four particles from that doublet within be free to make new higgs fields and so those might be out. There might be two higgs doublets meaning that there would be a total of five free. Higgs bows on's running around the universe or there might be three higgs doublets which would give you nine. Higgs bosons free to run around the universe and we could make these the particle collider if we had enough energy to create them in studied them. That's always the key with particle kleiner's to maybe the question is not like does the higgs boson have other versions. It does but it like. How many free versions does it have that. We might be able to see on their own exactly so far. We've only seen the one free higgs could be other ones running around while you buy have to pay for those higgs. Max ain't gonna upgrade a pay for the eh subscription model to get the better premium version. I want the ad free higgs. please all these physicists. Talking in your ear. I would pay for that. I'm sure i'll see what i can do. So it is an active thing that you guys are looking for. In the particle collider is are like sifting through the data looking for the evidence of these other free expos. We are all the time there people devoting their phd to looking for these things. And you know one of the most popular theories is called a to dublin model which would be adding another higgs doublet to the theory. Creating four more free boseman's and people are looking for that all the time. They're writing papers about it. People also looking for new bozon's within super symmetry super symmetry a very very active area of research may be like half of the people at the age on collider are looking for super symmetric particles because it's such an exciting theory so far. Nobody's seen anything like there's no hint of basically any new particles passed the higgs boson. We already saw hazy. So you've been searching for man almost ten years or more but so far no hints at all like does small clues those small blips no small you know encouraging results no small hints from atlas. Go from cms these two experiments that collide protons and look. What comes out. But we do have some very intriguing hints from other experiments. That suggest that there might be these weird new heavy particles out there which could be additional higgs bussan's and you probably heard about the g. minus two experiment for example. Yeah we just talked about it on previous episode and this is exactly the kind of thing that the mu g mez to experiment is great at is saying are there other particles out there are there will more specifically other fields out there in the universe so when you on his flying through and some of the energy from the sloshes into those other fields does it create momentarily these other heavy particles which could be dark matter but they could also be a new heavy higgs bows on if that heavy higgs bows on field is out there for them you on energy to slash into now. They can't tell when they knew that experiment. What is the marijuana sloshing. Its energy into but they do see a discrepancy as we talked about when they look at how the new ones magnetic field wobbles. It doesn't wobble the way they expect and one explanation for that. Is there other heavy particles out there too. Heavy for the large agent collider to make directly. But that are influencing the way the energy from them. You want sort of slides universe. Say you're looking for a hint little little you know revelations that there's more to the particles out.

three Three one way nine three sort santa monica two higgs two charges five three higgs four two experiment almost ten years two experiments five free zero mass second one explanation double of the people
"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

07:33 min | Last month

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"The higgs field is the reason year round so we get some credit as well all right. so then. that's how it's important it gives. Things inertial mass. And i guess without an official mask things would be kind of crazy right things. It would just be fine around at the speed of light all the time. Things would definitely be very different. It's possible to have a universe without inertial mass like the field gives things mass because it sort of stuck in this weird value for reason. We don't understand and that value collapse down to zero particles wouldn't have math anymore and we talked about this in a whole episode about could the higgs field destroy the universe and would destroy the universe but it would make for a very very different universe if the electron had no mass and up in the down quirks had no mass the laws of physics and chemistry and biology would just be totally different so the reason the universe is the way it is is because the higgs field exists and has a certain amount of energy sort of built into it giving mass all these particles right giving while the particles inertia and so without a nurse. Yeah thanks for is zip brown. Top speed basically right. Yeah electrons would move at the speed of light exactly. Yeah and everything right everything all of it all right and so it also links to other big forces they hicksville. That's right the reason that we think. The higgs exists came out of the attempt to combine electromagnetism. Which is the forcing responsible for light and for magnets for lightning and all that kind of stuff with other weird little force. The weak nuclear force that usually you think about in terms of like radioactive decay and this kind of stuff is actually very closely connected to electromagnetism people realize that if you stuck these two things together electromagnetism and the weak nuclear force. You made a single larger concept which they called electro week which had some really nice properties. So that suggested that electromagnetism and the weak force are not totally separate ideas. The really just sort of two sides of the same coin and it made more sense to think about them together but when people tried to do that they ran into a problem. They're like his second. There's big differences between electromagnetism and the weak force for example. The photon doesn't have any mass. But the particles that convey the week forced the ws and e are really heavy. So how could you possibly have these two forces be linked together and the higgs is the answer to that puzzle. Higgs came out of that puzzle. People hypothesized maybe we need a particle like the higgs to answer that puzzle yet. That's how you sit a thought or knew that it was going to be there and then in two thousand twelve the actually founded you build his giant collider and then you hit particles together and out came the higgs. Yeah it's a really cool sort of triumph of theoretical physics there just looking at these patterns and the particles in noticing why you could fit these particles together into a larger pattern. But then you'd need this one other piece for to really click together and make sense and then we went out and looked for it took about fifty years before we were able to create the conditions. Necessary to have a higgs bows on. We could see and studying understand but then we found it's real. It's actually part of the universe you can see it like a as a blip on graphs and stuff like it's there it's part of reality for sure it's part of reality for sure and so you found one and so the big question is could there be more. Could there be more than one. Kind of higgs boza. So let's get into why we think need more expos on. And how will we ever find them. But first let's take a quick break. Change the way you think about your home with home sense. The newest member of the homegoods family. They've got everything for your home inside and out home sense. Lets you re imagine every room with fresh discoveries furniture you bet rugs lots of them table lamps floor lamps chandeliers. Yes yes and yes. Plus there's wall art oversized mirrors and enough outdoor furniture and decor to make your backyard the envy of the neighborhood. Grab the melamine dishes. You've been looking for or that six outdoor set with same day delivery. You can have it today. Home sense is a new shopping adventure. Every time you visit new finds arrive all the time. So everyday you'll find incredible savings on different must-have decor prototype if you see something you love. Don't wait because at home sense finds go fast. Get the brands. You love at prices that makes sense so you can make the most of your home for less. Take a virtual tour and find a store near you at home. Sense dot com. Everyone it's daniel. We all bought a lot of things online last year. I now have cupcake. Tins in lots of different sizes from tiny particles is ten things that can make galaxies scale treats. But there's something else. I spent a lot of money on last year. That doesn't take any space insurance and lots of you out. There are spending way too much money on insurance. You're probably overspending by hundreds of dollars a year. Think about all the cupcakes you could buy with that money. And that's where the zebra can help. The zebra is a very easy to use website. That gives you all the information. You need to find great insurance at a lower price. It's the leading insurance comparison site. And i like it because it helps. People make informed decisions. You don't pay anything and they compare prices for you in independent marketplace. They've got no stake in what you choose so go save some cash and visit the zebra dot com slash universe to get your free quote. Today that does zebra dot com slash. Universe are advertised about the higgs. Both the most plural of the hague's bozon's. Then you're you're saying there could be more than one. And why do we think there could be more than one. We think there might be more than one. He goes on because we get a clue when we look at the weak nuclear force. So the higgs boson is that thing that connects the weak nuclear force with electromagnetism. Right which means it's sort of part of the weak nuclear force. It talks to the weak nuclear force and the weak force. Has these really interesting structures like we were talking about before. It tends to pair particles together into these things. We call doublets for example. The up cork and the down quirk are connected together by the weak nuclear force. Mike wanna w bows on decays indicates into that pair up down or decays to lecture on and in neutrino sort of the same way you think about like a particle and an anti particle being paired. Because a photon indicate to a particle in an anti article in the same way w indicate into like an up and down. So this is one doublet. For example we call these particles with a pair them together. We call him a doublet. But we have lots of these doublets in the weak force and so very simply we just asked like maybe we have more than one higgs doublet. Maybe there are more copies just like there are copies of the electron and their copies of the quirks. I see just from being associated with the week forest. You think that. Hey maybe they also has a twin out there because most things that feel the week for or interact with the weak force have a twin yay and they have more than one twin right. The electron has two twins. The mu on. And there's the tau the up core has two twins also the charm and the top and intriguing. The both those have two twins right and so then we wonder. Why is he different. Maybe it's the same one of the games of particle physics looking for patterns for symmetry for connections and drawing inspiration from one part and applying it to another asking.

last year Today two twins bozon today two sides Mike more than one twin two forces daniel one doublet Both two thousand twelve first higgs boson zebra dot com six outdoor set both one part doublet
3 Habits That Will Change Your Business and Life

The $100 MBA Show

02:04 min | Last month

3 Habits That Will Change Your Business and Life

"The good thing about habits is that once you form them. They're actually hard to shake. Actually become who you are because a big part of your life and you don't let them go with other good or bad but sometimes starting a new habit is really hard to pick up so throughout today's lesson. I'm gonna give you some tips on how to pick up this habit how to make it. A part of your life had a stay consistent until it becomes one. You just can't shake a lot of research out there about habits. One of my books is charles. Do higgs book the power of habit. And there's a lot of studies about how long it takes the form a habit. You'll hear thirty days you'll hear twenty days but the study found that i really trust and what i actually found has worked for me or a has been true to me is habits. Really gift formed within forty days. Let me is a little over a month just under six weeks if you think about it. If you do something for six weeks it just becomes a part of your life. That's all pretty long time in terms of doing something consistently personally. I think that twenty days kinda short It's easy to kind of get out of habit between the twenty and thirty day mark and of course it all depends on how challenging creating or picking up. This new habit is for you personally. So i like these rule from a forty days. Do this for forty days and you will make it a part of your life do for four days straight and you will regret so this with the first habit that will change your business in life and i know when you hear some of these are going to be like really omar. Yes and i will explain so the first habit is waking up early. I know this sounds like you've heard it before. And so many people say this. And yeah omar. I read the miracle morning by hal. Our odd and i know that all the best achievers do this but this is really hard. Well there's a reason why you've heard so many times. There's a reason why you know all the cheever's jewett is because this actually works. This actually helps you in so many ways

Charles Omar HAL Cheever Jewett
Artists on the loose at the Large Hadron Collider

Science Friction

02:06 min | 4 months ago

Artists on the loose at the Large Hadron Collider

"At the beginning of the universe minutes after the big bang as temperature cooled the most fundamental particles of matter came into existence so neutrons protons photons electrons and others the basic building blocks of everything we know and see and much way died and to study these teeny tiny particles tucked inside every atom in the universe. invisibly are physicists. Nate this vast instrument one that occupies an entire vast landscape two hundred hectares of farmland. The contrast between big and small here cyber czar. We're about eighty eight meters underground. That the moment kilda. I'm jacob new-zealand. It's great we have people from all walks of life and all over provision who got physicists engineers computer scientists edmund people like me and they're all from different parts of the world i think from the star of the these filled like a mini country so i'm asking schroeder and i'm a experimental particle physicists. In i don't know somehow. When i leave sern i realized that i'm still honing in the normal world. I don't know some kind of refuge from everything else that is going on outside in the world and here science is what really matters. I feel like Since great that it's a kind of a political place you know. The relationship with russia never changed during the cold war with. We're about science purely about saying well not just science. I'm here for art to people as you'll hear science friction with natasha mitchell. Many meters underground this week and easter special from our archive inside the heart of soon. Just outside of geneva in switzerland home to the world's largest most powerful particle accelerator. The large hadron collider the hcc. Now this of course is the place where the elusive higgs. Boson particle was discovered. And where last week scientists hinted they just might have discovered a brand new force of nature or put it another way a violation in the standard model of

Kilda Nate Edmund Schroeder Natasha Mitchell Zealand Russia Geneva Switzerland Boson
Physicist Daniel Whiteson Explains: What Is a Neutrino?

Sean Hannity

04:39 min | 5 months ago

Physicist Daniel Whiteson Explains: What Is a Neutrino?

"In the universe. That's there. There's a lot of them out there, but it just doesn't feel the same forces. It doesn't speak the same language that you and I and all the particles that make us speak or use right. That's right. Yeah, it's like, you know, it's like it's a It's death for something I can walk through the loudest bar. You know, with thump, thump, thump music right and not even hear anything. Don't even notice. It's there, right? It's not purposely ignoring you. It just does not hear it interesting. I was thinking a good analogy could also be you know how in the Internet today people communicate using Facebook or Twitter, or instagram or email. These are all different ways that people interact with each other on the Internet. But what if there was somebody who said you know what? I'm not going to use Twitter or Instagram or Facebook? I'm just gonna Respond to people if they write me a handwritten letter. That's right. Yeah, those people are social media knew. Trina. Yes. Yeah, that's kind of what it is. It's like everybody else is talking to each other in one way. But this one particle just says You know what? I'm gonna ignore those different ways to interact. I'm just gonna do my thing. Yeah. And given the toxicity of social media, that probably means the neutrino is the happiest particle And, Yeah, you know, maybe that's the key way should all learn from the treatise. Yeah, eh, So let's remind people, though, what the forces are so there's the strong nuclear force that ties the nucleus together. There's electromagnetism that's responsible for electricity and magnetism and light and all that kind of stuff. And then there's the weak nuclear force as the weakest of of these forces, And then there's gravity. Everything with mass feels gravity right. But in the case of particles, we don't really think about gravity very much because particles have hardly any mass at all. And so gravity doesn't really affect them to really those other three. So the corks the courts, they feel the strong nuclear force and electromagnetism and the weak force. Okay, so they feel everything electrons. They feel electromagnetism, and they feel the weak nuclear force. Neutrinos on Lee feel the weak nuclear force, which is called the weak nuclear force, because it's super duper week, not because it takes a week to act or something like that. So it doesn't just ignore some of the forces that everybody else fields but it only it like they wanted chose to interact with the rest of the universe. Is like the week is one. It's like the most inconsequential one, right? Exactly. It's like, you know, if you could only interact with somebody by sending him a letter to the South Pole, and the letters only go every six months or something. Right? And you know if the neutrino didn't feel any forces at all, then we would have no way to even know it existed. Oh, there could be a whole set of particles that Speak, even maybe a told different set of forces. Yeah, like people think about dark matter, right? Dark matter. We don't know if it feels any of these forces and that's what makes it so difficult to look for and to understand dark matter as far as we know, only speaks gravity, which is why you can only study it when there's like a galaxy sized blob of it. Neutrinos. You feel one of these forces, which is why we can talk about them and study them. Well, let's talk about some of these properties that I was reading about the neutrino. I read that it has a mass that maybe one lesson one million of the mass of the electron. That's right. Neutrinos are super duper duper low mass. And we don't understand why at all, you know, we look at the mass of these particles, the electron, the courts, the other ones. We have no idea why these particles of different masses. We did a whole episode on how they get their masses, which is by interacting with the Higgs Bos on some of them interact a lot where the Higgs goes on, and so they get a lot of mass, and some of them don't interact hardly at all. So they get almost no mass. We don't know why. Like why does this one interact with the Higgs a lot in this one. Almost None of it was like a bunch of parameters in the control panel. The universe and we don't know if there's a pattern to it or if they just set randomly the beginning of the universe. We have no clue, but it seems like an important hint. The neutrinos are so close to zero mass, but not actually zero. Yes. So they are kind of tiny, right? I mean, I know everything's appoint mask mathematically, but thieves things. I mean, they're not disappoint master there. Appointments that are really, really, really, really, really almost no Mass. That's right. But if again it doesn't affect their size, their physical size is a different thing from their mass, their masters like a quantum mechanical label, like electrical charge, right? Sound like something with more masses more stuff to it, But, yeah, you're right. Neutrinos are weird because they have almost no mass, but not zero like they're not the lightest thing in the universe. All right, photons have no mass exactly zero. They travel the speed of light neutrinos just less than the speed of light because have just more than zero mass these

Instagram Twitter Facebook Trina LEE
Dustin Higgs executed, Trump administration's 13th execution

Leo Laporte

00:23 sec | 7 months ago

Dustin Higgs executed, Trump administration's 13th execution

"Lethal injection in the last days of President Trump's watch. NBC's Brian Clark. The federal government executed Dustin Higgs overnight and he was convicted of killing three women in Maryland 25 years ago. Higgs was the third federal inmate put to death this week. The 13 since the Trump administration restarted federal executions in July. President elect bite him opposes the federal death penalty.

President Trump Dustin Higgs Brian Clark NBC Federal Government Trump Administration Higgs Maryland
Dustin Higgs executed, Trump administration's 13th execution

Howie Carr

00:22 sec | 7 months ago

Dustin Higgs executed, Trump administration's 13th execution

"In the last days of President Trump's Watch. ABC is Brian Clark. Federal government executed Dustin Higgs overnight and he was convicted of killing three women in Maryland 25 years ago. Higgs was the third federal inmate put to death this week. The 13th since the Trump administration restarted federal executions in July. President elect Biden opposes the federal death penalty. A new imagining of

President Trump Dustin Higgs Brian Clark ABC Federal Government Trump Administration Higgs Maryland President Elect Biden
Dustin Higgs: Final execution of Trump presidency is carried out

The Best of Ben Shapiro

00:21 sec | 7 months ago

Dustin Higgs: Final execution of Trump presidency is carried out

"McFarlane, another lethal injection in the last days of President Trump's watch. NBC's Brian Clark federal government executed Dustin Higgs overnight and he was convicted of killing three win. And in Maryland 25 years ago, Higgs was the third federal inmate put to death this week, the 13 since the Trump administration restarted federal executions in July. President elect Biden opposes the

President Trump Dustin Higgs Mcfarlane Brian Clark NBC Higgs Trump Administration Maryland President Elect Biden
Trump administration carries out 13th and final execution

AP News Radio

00:44 sec | 7 months ago

Trump administration carries out 13th and final execution

"The U. S. carried out its thirteenth and final federal execution under the trump administration early Saturday morning it's an unprecedented run that concluded just five days before the inauguration of president elect Biden an opponent of the death penalty Dustin Higgs was the third to receive a lethal injection this week Higgs was convicted of ordering the killing of three women in Maryland in nineteen ninety six his lawyer had argued it was inequitable to execute Higgs since the man who fired the shots was spared the death penalty the number of executions carried out under trump reduces the number of prisoners on federal death row by nearly a quarter it's likely none of the around fifty remaining will be executed anytime soon with Biden signaling hill and the practice I'm Julie Walker

Trump Administration Elect Biden Dustin Higgs Higgs U. Maryland Biden Julie Walker
Federal Government Carries Out 13th and Final Execution Under Trump

Bloomberg Businessweek

00:18 sec | 7 months ago

Federal Government Carries Out 13th and Final Execution Under Trump

"The federal government has executed its final death row inmate under the Trump Administration Bill Trapero reports Dustin John Higgs was executed in the early morning hours. Hours of Saturday morning, President elect Joe Biden has pledged to abolish the federal death penalty Supreme Court declined to stop the execution. Those some justices dissented

Trump Administration Bill Trapero Dustin John Higgs President Elect Joe Biden Federal Government Supreme Court
Maryland Man Executed for 1996 Triple Murder

Saturday Morning Update with Rick Fowler

00:40 sec | 7 months ago

Maryland Man Executed for 1996 Triple Murder

"Man convicted in the killings of three D. C. Women in 1996 becomes the last person executed during the Trump administration, Dustin Higgs kidnapped the women. Drove them to the Patuxent National Wildlife Refuge and ordered another man to suit them to death. Dustin Higgs used his last words to proclaim he was an innocent man. His lawyers argued it was arbitrary and inequitable to execute Higgs while the gunman was spared the death sentence. Higgs the 13th federal inmate executed since July following US 17 year hiatus. President elect Biden has said he'll speak a ban on federal executions. Jack Callahan FLOCKS news

Dustin Higgs Trump Administration Patuxent National Wildlife Ref Higgs President Elect Biden United States Jack Callahan
U.S. executes drug trafficker who recently contracted COVID

Kentuckiana's Morning News

00:35 sec | 7 months ago

U.S. executes drug trafficker who recently contracted COVID

"For next week. We're headed to Terra Haute, Indiana. That's where a drug trafficker was put to death. Late last night, ABC Todd at with more Corey Johnson was the 12th and made put to death at the federal prison complex and terror Hoat since the Trump administration restarted federal executions following a 17 year hiatus. Johnson's lawyers argued that the lethal injection would cause excruciating pain due to lung damage from his recent covert 19 infection. The execution late Thursday and the scheduled execution of Dustin Higgs today are the last before President elect job. Biden takes office by noon, opposes the federal death penalty and has signaled

Terra Haute Corey Johnson Trump Administration Indiana Todd ABC Dustin Higgs Johnson Biden
Federal executions scheduled under President Donald Trump more than any other president in 130 years

TIME's Top Stories

03:06 min | 8 months ago

Federal executions scheduled under President Donald Trump more than any other president in 130 years

"Trump administration has executed ten people by lethal injection since july. The most federal executions in a single year since eighteen ninety six advocates have argued for months that such executions are covid nineteen super spreader events. They typically involve of people including the defendants family. The victim's family religious figures the execution team and the media traveling to the federal prison and tara hoedt witnessing the execution and heading home after witnessing orlando cordelia halls execution on november nineteenth his spiritual adviser yousef ahmed newer tested positive for covid. Nineteen in response to a lawsuit. The bureau of prisons b. o. P. recently acknowledged that eight members of halls. Roughly forty person execution team tested positive for covid nineteen shortly afterward b. o. p. also said at least two execution team members removed their masks while in the execution chamber with hall and newer according to the american civil liberties union. Aclu they were just bringing in hundreds of people from outside the prison. Higgs is attorney. Sean nolan tells time it's obvious that this outbreak was going to happen and now our client has tested positive and is sick. They should not continue with this in a statement today. earlier upon learning. that higgs was infected. Nolan said this is surely the result of the superspreader executions that the government has rushed to undertake in the heart of a global pandemic when asked for comment. The federal bureau of prisons confirmed to time that inmates on federal death row known as the special confinement unit s c. You have tested positive for covid. Nineteen but declined to provide further information citing pending litigation and privacy interests the b. o. P. also said an employee in the sec. You as tested positive but had no contact with the executions in november and december. The statement said inmates who tested positive for covid nineteen or who are symptomatic are being placed in isolation the prison and tara vote where all the federal executions take place has also experienced an ongoing covid nineteen outbreak and nolan alleges that the prisons covid nineteen numbers have spiked enormously in the weeks following the recent executions earlier this week. A judge dismissed a claim from higgs his legal team that argued executing higgs among the covid. Nineteen pandemic would be unconstitutional. Nolan tells time they plan to renew that claim since higgs himself has now tested positive. Johnson's attorneys have said he is not eligible for the death penalty because of an intellectual

Trump Administration Tara Hoedt Orlando Cordelia Halls Federal Bureau Of Prisons Yousef Ahmed Newer American Civil Liberties Union Sean Nolan Higgs Nolan SEC P. Tara Johnson
FP1: Drivers struggle with slippery track in first practice in Turkey

The Autosport Podcast

02:06 min | 9 months ago

FP1: Drivers struggle with slippery track in first practice in Turkey

"One particular this morning. It was like watching Some played a computer game and it turned track. Grip down to zero on really really hard tires or that turned the rain on the graphics. There'd been a graphics glitch. The rain hasn't come down because it was. It was incredible absolutely zero grip. There was sideways. Ronald the corners. They were just getting up into fifth gear round tonight which the drives it boasted yesterday about all will be flat through there on a i. I like the pits It was crazy. So i'm basically calls by resurfacing done. Recently as recent as two weeks ago They resurfaced it. And then what happens. When you lay down new asphalt surfaces it needs time to cure so will the oils bitch mini the surface. And then you clean that way and then the the grip should there. So i'm not sure happened. So basically i cars out on the very oily track today with the f. one cars. I mean it got slowly better but i think we're in a in a worse situation. We were poor to matthew higgs and well that we could see. fpm sickly the patches of wet. Bits where they tried to wash some of it away and quite worked to illustrate just how slippery it was Maxwell stanton's first time. Fb one was about ten seconds off of the investments post in two thousand eleven and improved a little bit by a p two and talk jobs news any about three seconds off at that time from vassil but we still quite a way to get. Haven't we yeah so today's three seconds of Pole position time which thing. Oh that's not too bad. But then go remember how much quicker the current khazar compared to twenty seven i looked at some stats. A few minutes ago says before any a few tracks. Same configuration And we've been in twenty seven but the nurburgring back in twenty seven. Polaris woman at thirty point zero Pole position this year woman at twenty five point two so the cars in theory should be around five seconds a lot quicker so the facts were three seconds. Elapse loa i think highlights just how far off we are at the moment. We've got another eight seconds to

Matthew Higgs Maxwell Stanton Ronald Vassil
"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

07:02 min | 1 year ago

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"Listener questions number twelve, the dirty dozen the the dark matter doesn't we a child's question on the program today let's try to keep it clean. I think that I read through the questions Daniel I feel like the nine year old question is the most sophisticated when. I told you children ask him as and questions. You know just last week we got a letter from a six year old and the asked a long list of really hard particle physics questions that I thought were sophisticated burn adult Well, I feel so good knowing that we're helping to educate six year old in. Bad Puns and dad. Jokes. I feel like. That kid is getting an early start. His hardest question was, how does he manage to eat so many bananas through Gross. No I made that one up. Well. We have a lot of amazing class year from listeners of our program questions related to dark matter, and the Hicks bows on and black holes and also questions about tectonic plates in our planet which the Connex that's not a rock business. It's like an actual signs thing. No I think isn't it a transformer? Oh and or a transformer yeah, could be. Maybe. Hold on. Maybe it's a rock group of transformers. have bands and transformers. Let me think they had construction vehicles. They had dinosaur transform maybe yeah. Maybe they need a rock band or transformer maybe this can be one transform the transforms into Electric Guitar, right? No Man somebody out there Mattel scrolling down these ideas I hope also been. We haven't had fruit transformers either. Right. Well, let's jump right into are awesome questions from listeners and our first question comes from a nine year old Dylan Rotas been an awesome question about. About dark matter and the Higgs Boson. An flooding into my question is. Could Hitch on interactive dark matter fence while that's amazing. That is such a simple question and yet I feel like it blows my mind at the same time it is. It's a great question. Yeah, and he's got a wonderful accent of course, and it's a really deep question and we're going to talk about a lot of really interesting facets of both dark matter and the Higgs bows on unraveled this particular one. All right. So question was does dark matter. Interact with the Higgs field and the Higgs Boson I guess it's one on the same. Yeah. Remember that interacting with the Higgs field means essentially exchanging Higgs Bozon's with stuff and so you can think about them together but broadly remember the higgs field is that thing that fills the universe and you can create higgs bows on if you put enough energy into the Hicksville that we discovered it at sern by smashing particles together and making enough energy in the higgs field to create a Higgs Boson but you can interact with the Higgs field even if you don't have that much energy around because you can just exchange. Virtual. Higgs. Right and so just to recap for people who might not know or our need to the program. Hicks field is one of the quantum fields at feel the universe and it's the one that specifically gives us mass gives the other particles mess. That's exactly right every where every piece of space we think has a bunch of different quantum fields in their field for every particle, there's the electron field or fields for the photon. Works is whole big set of fields and the Higgs field is the most recently discovered one and interacts with the other fields and interacts in a way that makes particles move differently. It makes particles move as if they had math right like if you push a particle, it might take you a little bit of time before it can accelerate. Let's can add the definition of mass almost yeah, and we have to ideas of mass. But you were talking about inertial mass, just as you said, it means you have to push particle to get it going and you have to pull on it essentially to slow it down and what he's doing with this question is really interesting because I feel like he's mashing together these two huge causes that were in separate parts of my brain and his question is are these two things related to they interact with each other? And so he has the Higgs foes on interacts with dark matter and just reek again for folks. Dark matter is a big part of the universe at toddler. The nobody knows what it is. Yeah. We discovered in the last few decades that most of the stuff that's in the universe, the matter is not the kind of man that we're familiar with that makes me and you and Gas Stars and Hamsters and bananas. It's this other weird invisible kind of matter that we can see only because of his gravitational effects, it makes galaxy spin faster changes the whole structure of the universe we're really pretty. Sure it's there. But the thing tough about dark matter is that it's really hard to see because it doesn't interact in any way we've detected so far except through gravity. So we're looking for dark matter and we're trying to figure out if there's any way to interact with it, and that's what makes this such a great question as like. Well, could we use the Higgs Bozon the Higgs field somehow to interact with Dunham, momentum because dark matter doesn't interact with light or electro-magnetic forces you can't see in in touch it but does interacts through gravity which makes you think like this dark matter half mass. Guess I. Never I. Never Thought about that question is that true does dark matter half mass dark manner definitely has mass because it creates gravity like that's why we call it matter if not dark energy, it's dark matter dark matter because it's some stuff we know that it's there because of gravity that it generates and so it has some sort of energy density, some sort of mass that creates that and our best model currently of dark matter is some slow moving massive particle. So absolutely, it makes perfect sense for. Dark matter to have mass so that it creates grabbing I guess if dark matter didn't have MAS-, it would be zipping around at the speed of light, right? That's right. All massless things move with the speed of light and we know that dark matter is slow. But also if dark matter didn't have mass, it wouldn't create the kind of effects that we see that is that we see gravitational effects that are out there these things that hold galaxies together even though they're spinning and change the whole shape and structure. Of the universe that means there's some gravity out there and we can't see the mass creating that gravity. So that's what dark matter is. It's really a description of the missing mass, the mass necessary to create the gravity that we do see. So it's perfectly natural to think dark matter doesn't have mass and that's why it's such a great idea to think Oh, maybe we could talk to dark matter through the Higgs on because that gives some particles mass right and again I guess interacting with gravity is different than Interacting with the Higgs field? Yes. Right into not necessarily the same thing not exist from as the same thing gravitational mass. That's right and there are different ways to get inertial mass. So there's a few things to disentangle their gravitational mass means you're creating gravity like I have mass and you have masks in the earth has asked the sun has mass. So each have our own gravitational field or bend base which changes the way the things move around us. So it's the force of gravity it.

higgs field Higgs Boson Higgs Higgs Bozon Hicks field Daniel Hicks Dylan Rotas Hicksville Dunham
The Hidden Gem That Is Uruguay With Karen Higgs

Extra Pack of Peanuts Travel Podcast

03:55 min | 1 year ago

The Hidden Gem That Is Uruguay With Karen Higgs

"Hel Lo travel nerds and welcome to the extra packing peanuts travel podcast the show that teaches you how to travel more while spending less I'm your host, Travis Sherry, and joining me today is someone who used to sing sixties covers in the psychedelic rock bar and Costa Rica whose hometown is roughly eight thousand miles from where she now lives and who is the only urguay guidebook. Lives they're carrying Hague's from Guru, Guay Dot Com Karen, thanks for joining me and a huge. Welcome. I was so excited to hear what you're going to take out of my via. Those good with those those. Highlights there. Right I. Love that I mean I think you're probably the only person. I've ever introduced that sung sixties covers in the Psychedelic Rock Barn Costa Rica Wall the only one who's intro involved. I'm sure other guests have done it because who has right? Exactly that's kind of par for the course if you're a traveler I want to start out, could you were talking about one of my favorite countries in the world but somewhere, I've never been so little known fact or maybe not that little known if you used to follow way back in the day. Karen I said that my two favourite countries in the world were Slovenia an Erg Urguay but I had never been to either one I've now been to Slovenia but I haven't been to. Uruguay. So I am very excited to chat with you I'm I'm totally shocked what why Uruguay can I ask my? So I think just when I started traveling, I looked at a map and was like, don't like what I'm taking I was kind of like entire nation is going to be taken back. There you go. I looked at a map and I remember thinking. Like where are the hidden gems? Hidden Gems when they travel and so oh, Brazil Argentina and I remember I and I liked soccer slash football and. Howard now I'm understanding more. Colors, the light blue I like Diego Forlan, and so I just remember thinking that would be a coup country to go because everyone goes to Argentina everyone goes to Brazil. I want to go there and Slovenia same kind of thing this tiny country tucked in amongst kind what you would call like tourist powerhouses of Italy and stuff like that and. Yeah I just so for me, it was like those are the two that I just I thought they use are going to be it and have been something. We haven't made it yet. Then that is a good question well. Yet to give you a little bit of background, my wife and I wanted to come to South America for quite a while. So let's say five six years where we've really been like South America let's go. We've still never touch the continent. One of the reasons was we are not and naturally very cautious people but because we were trying to have kids and Zeke was happening and all that kind of stuff especially down in Brazil we kind of thought well, we can put it off like if we don't have to go and I know Uruguay was not Zico hotbed. But of course, if we go there, we wanted to go to Argentina Brazil. So we kinda just kept putting it off, putting it off, putting it off. And now we're recording during covert times if you're listening in the future hopefully, you're out of it by then. But yeah. Now, of course, as an American can't really go there. So. I would have if you had spoken to me five or six years ago than I would have said to you that you have to come anyway for your entire vacations to Uruguay 'cause there's so much to do and enough of people thinking that it says side from Argentina or Brazil. Okay. So I would have said that immediately and I also would have said to you that you know Zeka. Zero cases here and that Uruguay has great public health policies, and in fact, right now we are kind of like one the stock countries in Latin America regarding the virus

Uruguay Brazil Argentina Slovenia Costa Rica Wall South America Costa Rica Travis Sherry Guay Dot Hague Zeke Karen I Diego Forlan Soccer Zeka Latin America Howard Italy
"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

01:34 min | 1 year ago

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"<Music> See you next time. <Music> <Music> <Music> <Music> <Music> <Music> <Speech_Telephony_Male> <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> Thanks <Speech_Music_Male> for listening and remember <Speech_Music_Male> that Daniel Jorges <Speech_Music_Male> blamed. The Universe <Speech_Music_Male> is a production <Music> iheartradio <Music> <Advertisement> for more podcasts <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> from iheartradio <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> visit, the <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> iheartradio APP <Speech_Music_Male> apple, podcasts <Speech_Music_Male> or whatever <Music> you listen <Music> favorite ships. <Speech_Telephony_Male> Here's <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> something. Good is a new <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> show from the Seneca <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> Women Podcast, <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> network and iheartradio. <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> It's a <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> great way to start your <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> day on the positive <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> side of life. <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> Our Partner <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> Bank of America <Speech_Female> <Advertisement> just committed <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> one billion dollars <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> over four years <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> to help communities <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> advanced racial <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> equality and economic <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> opportunity <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> there, providing <Speech_Music_Female> help for it's needed <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> most healthcare <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> housing <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> jobs <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> and support <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> for small business. <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> Thanks <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> to Bank of America <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> for their efforts and <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> for supporting. Here's something <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> good I'm <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> Kim as early. <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> Listen to hear something <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> good on the iheartradio <Speech_Music_Female> <Advertisement> APP. Apple <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> podcasts <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> wherever you listen <SpeakerChange> to your favorite <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> shows. <Music> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> <Speech_Music_Male> Guys it's bobby bones <Speech_Music_Male> I host the bobby <Speech_Music_Male> show and <Speech_Music_Male> I'm pretty much always <Speech_Music_Male> sleepy because I. Wake up with <Speech_Music_Male> three o'clock in the morning <Speech_Music_Male> a couple of hours later <Speech_Music_Male> on my friends together <Speech_Music_Male> we get into <Speech_Music_Male> a room and we <Speech_Music_Male> do a radio show <Speech_Music_Male> we alive. <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> We tell our stories. <Speech_Music_Male> We try to find as much good <Speech_Music_Male> in the world. Possibly <Speech_Music_Male> can, and we <Speech_Music_Male> looked through the <Speech_Music_Male> news of the day that <Speech_Music_Male> you'll care about <Speech_Music_Male> also your favorite <Speech_Music_Male> country artists are always <Speech_Music_Male> stopping by hang <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> out and share <Speech_Music_Male> <Advertisement> their lives and <Speech_Music_Male> music to so <Speech_Music_Male> wake up with a bunch of <Speech_Music_Male> my friends I ninety <Speech_Music_Male> eight point seven W <Speech_Music_Male> M Q in Washington DC or wherever the rotates you on the iheartradio APP.

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

05:36 min | 1 year ago

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"Having found the Higgs. But was was a moment I. Imagine you told me that? Maybe there wasn't but I wonder if there was a moment wind like some Grad student or some fizzes. Pulls out the date under like Is this little bump while you know, there was a moment for me. In the summer of two thousand eleven both experiments bumps, but these are bumps in different places like atlas saw, but it was at around one hundred forty five G. E. V. CMS, bummed around one hundred and twenty GV so you knew they were just random, because it didn't every. These are two different experiments, atlas and CMS, two different experiments at different points around the ring, independent data, and so you expect them. The Higgs is real to see bumps at the same place. It's a very important crosscheck and also the two groups. There's a whole group of thousands of experimentalist working on atlas and. And thousands of experimentalist working on CMS. They're not supposed to talk to each other supposed to keep each other separate supposed to keep these secrets so that the word can be independent. Right problem is of course. All these people know each other were all friends. Sometimes you got like a married couple one on one experiment, the others on the other experiment. You know they're talking to each other. Though there's no way that he secretly being kept, and so there was a moment like late two thousand eleven, I called a friend of mine on the other experimented a You know we have a bump. Where's your bump? You told him he had had a bump. I found a lump. What no! No! No I mean sharing information like that is strictly against the rules. I would never do that did I say it was me I mean I'm and it was a colleague of mine who talked to his friend and then told me about it. I mean you must have misheard me I would never do that. We had this bump and I was curious about whether they had a bump, and it turns out. They had a bump in the same place. And that's the moment and you figure that out on the phone at the moment is starting to believe when I thought. You know what I think. This is it I think we're actually do as Harley broke the rules Daniel. Why did you do that I think you mean my colleague. Who broke the mini and your friend also broke because he told her she told you where the bump was in. This is a story about a colleague of mine. Who broke these rules? Everybody was breaking. The rules man these were the worst kept secrets at sern man I have left off in his now. Time I was not directly involved in producing that plots couldn't influence me, and neither was he. Oh, I see so you were like literally league like? He he learned some secret. And you phoned the other team again. This unnamed colleague of mine he was the we saw bumps in the same place, and so that's the moment is start to believe it. And then we just kept collecting more and more data, and the bumped got bigger and bigger, and they lined up right on top of each other, and then in late June we. We had enough events enough collisions at the same place that we could say statistically. It was very very unlikely for this to be random chance. Random chance can produce anything, but the odds were like one in millions that just random chance could produce all these bumps that exactly the same place, so that was the day we said all right. We decided the now we have discovered. July fourth twelve and that was the July. Fourth Twenty twelve, and there was big announcement at Cernan and everybody knew it was going to be the announcement the next day sorting like July third everybody it's stern was standing in line to get into that auditorium and sleeping in line like camping out. You know this is like Comecon, but nerd edition at Sern and. Superconducting Super. And people really wanted to be in that room and invited Peter. Higgs and he was there and the director Sir and give a talk, and you know the people in the audience. We are new the results. We been involved in producing them repairing them, but it was just a moment we all got together and basically said all right. Let's high five and declared that we have found this after decades and decades of searching me mother. Rest of the world's like the Higgs what. We have a collider Geneva. Nobody told us about this. No, the team at sern is really good at PR. They are very good at popularizing the science and making people understand it, and that's why I think the Higgs Boson is one of the most famous particles is because it's been all sold to the public as an exciting discovering. Also, it was the Obama years you know we were. We were happy about all. That's right and we believed scientist. Thanks, that's right then. That gets us today so now these days we know that the Higgs field exists in the the Hick goes on exists, and it makes all the equations balance out, and and now we have a complete picture of the universe and the particles in it is right now. We know where the Higgs is. It's about a hundred and twenty five GV number. We didn't know before we measured it and we can study. Study all of its properties we can see turning into this kind of particle and that kind of particle, and you can try to measure its properties in great details. He is this the particle that Higgs predicted, or is it a weird version of it? Are there more eggs on out there as the search doesn't stop just because we found it now were studying in gory detail and trying to see if it has any more secrets to reveal all right well. Again also pretty exciting and good insight into how signs works little by little through competition and friendly breaking of the rules. And anybody on the experiment. Who heard that? Please forgive me breaking the rules, but you did. You like hopefully I know what he's listening to this podcast couple of one, hundred, thousand, eight hundred thousand people. I'm sure you know there's like you know podcast host podcast listener confidentiality absolutely. We assume that so I'm trusting you this story folks all right well. Thanks for joining us. Thanks for telling the story Daniel. We hope you enjoyed that..

Higgs Higgs Boson Sern Daniel Obama Geneva Cernan Comecon Harley Peter scientist director
"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

08:19 min | 1 year ago

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"Advertise product. You must become a member. penfield insured by NCUA. What happens when two therapists walk into a podcast and then hold people accountable for their advice. Hey I'm guy winch. I write the DA Guy Advice Column for Ted and I'm Lori gottlieb irate. The pissed advice column for the Atlantic and we're the host of a new podcast from iheartradio called dealer therapists, one of the most frustrating things for us as advice columnist. Is that afterward known to hear the advice book down, but on our show you will we guide people through consultation and then have them. Come back to tell us what worked or didn't and what we can all learn from it and. And I'm glad in a way happen this way because I meant more about myself than I won't stand for and relationship. I don't want to lose sight of the negative feelings that I cost her I. Just hope that at some points you can forgive me if you'd like to walk into a vote const, email us with your dilemma at Laurean Guy, I hunt media dot com subscribe now and listen to dear therapists, starting July thirtieth on apple podcasts, the iheartradio APP, or wherever you get your podcasts. Right, we are talking about the discovery of the Higgs bows on, which was an important date in history, lease, physics, history and stepsister Daniela. What was it actually like to? Look for this thing in to find the thing where people confident, they would find it, or was it kind of a big shot in the dark, it was a very long and sometimes painful process full of excitement and disappointment, and it was another one of these transatlantic rivalries where the Americans took the lead, and then the Europeans took over, and they didn't find in the Americans took over again and a chance, and then finally the Europeans. Erase it really was. It's like an arms race. In Science and is constantly this race for WHO's got the highest energy collider's. Nationalism and prestige. It's a lot like the space race you know except without the threat of ICBM's raining down on. You had the biggest rocket. And it started with the Americans, so there's a long history of looking for the Higgs bows on a very low masses and other collider's, which didn't see it, but once we understood like this thing was going to be pretty heavy. We knew it needed a big collider. As the Americans had a big idea, they were going to build the superconducting supercollider awesomely named, and it was going to be the most powerful real. I thought you were just using properly. No they use type actually call this. What is Super Superconducting supercollider? It's a pretty supernanny. It's like we made Superman we're gonNA read. As much as possible. Exactly and this thing was going to have so much energy. It was going to have thirty three tera electron volts now tear electoral votes. It's thirty three trillion electron volts. That's a whole lot of energy, and it was going to be the biggest collider ever, and they started building. It was going to be in Waxahachie. Texas and they started building it. They started boring a hole. They cut like twenty kilometers of tunnel underground in Texas spend billions of dollars. And then they canceled the project what happened and and this is interesting because it wasn't a ring right like I think against three collider now. This was going to be a real. They never finished. Finished the ring still like a partial tunnel underground, in Texas and it just sort of lost political support, and became obscured code for like excessive government spending. Like what are you spending? Five billion dollars on this thing is ridiculous. Really do we scoffed at five billion dollars for the search for the ultimate particle I know any was especially ridiculous, because they spent like two billion dollars, digging a hole, and then like another three billion dollars like closing up shop, and filling it in no. It was celebrated waste of money and is a funny story there, because the guy who was the director of certain at the time and sern with preparing to build their own collided look for the Higgs Boson. He came to the US and testified in front of Congress that it was a big waste of money to build the superconducting super collider. Now because by the time has finished, sern would have already discovered the Higgs Bo way sabotage though. Carlo Rubia. The same guy who in the top quark history made that false claim to discover the time. advertised. Knife in the back superconducting. With his confidence, he's he's like. Even, bother he you. His out. He told US actors out. And of course, it's prediction baloney because the Europeans didn't discover the his Boson with their next. And such a tragedy because that collide would have taught us so much about the universe. Thirty three electron-volts is three times as powerful is our best current collider, the large collider. Really this is like deserted. Better. Even better three times better than the one we have now thirty years ago, so particle physics was set back like several decades by that funding decision because of this one a move by this person who had ambition to be the first one to discover it. Yeah, and you know also the vagaries of American electoral politics and shifting priorities in the house and all this stuff, but you know it was sort of like particle physics aimed to hind flew too close to the sun, and then came crashing down i. see like maybe they had only spent two billion dollars. Twenty two Tara electron-volt Collider made they would have made it through. Maybe and a lot of people left their positions in academia to go work for the superconducting supercollider lab, and their careers cratered after that, and so it was really a big tragedy for American particle physics all right, so then then the Europeans took over, or what happened. Yes, and then the Europeans took over the superconducting supercollider was going to collide protons and Protons A. A very powerful, but the Europeans took a different strategy. They decided to collide electrons and positron 's and these things are much cleaner because they don't have the strong interaction, and so the collisions are just simpler and more powerful and easier to understand the trick is. It's not as easy to get them up to high speed, because protons are easier to accelerate a high-speed because they have more mass counter-intuitively right, but this is still not. This is not the LHC's l. e. p., the large electron-positron Collider colored lip, and this thing was like much much less than even one tear electron-volt. He was zero point two as a fifth of Tara. Electron Bill doesn't sound so big compared to thirty three. Yeah, exactly, it was much smaller, but you know the good thing about having electron. Collider's you us all the energy in the electron. When you collide protons, you only get part of it because you're really just using like one corker glue on inside the Proton when you collide electrons and positons. You get all the energy, so you don't need. Need as much energy in an electron positron collider all right well, I, I've never heard of the L. so I'm guessing it didn't discover the higgs boats on it didn't but it almost did, and they turn this thing on, and they ran for a while, and it didn't. The Higgs, and they didn't see the Higgs, and they didn't see the Higgs and then the last summer that they were going to have. This thing turned on the summer of two thousand. They're supposed to shut down so they can tear it apart and build the large Hadron Collider. There's GonNa be the big upgrade that last summer. is in the same place as in the same tunnel writes this same tunnel where the large electron Proton Collider was. Is that same tunnel us now for the Elliott? See so he could run both of them. At one zero word is the same size tunnel. Tunnel stronger magnets, and so that's how they saved a bunch of money to build a L H. C is that they put in the same place as the original lighter, but that meant that they couldn't operate both at the same time so to build the lat to have to turn off the L. E.. into. What happened right before they closed? Yes, Oh, right before they closed. It's a summer of two thousand and you know in Europe in like July and August. Everybody goes on vacation like it's ridiculous. It doesn't matter what's going on. Everybody takes like a month of vacation month. Effort has six weeks. Is the normal your mother? The minimum average is sort of like flies down the. The continent to the beaches on the Mediterranean, and so some people stayed behind, didn't take vacation and a good friend of mine, Moremi, who was a post doc? In the time he was there in the control room, and like the last few weeks this collider.

Higgs Collider Texas US Higgs Boson sern Higgs Bo Laurean Guy Proton NCUA iheartradio penfield advice columnist Lori gottlieb Europe Waxahachie Atlantic Ted apple
"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

02:04 min | 1 year ago

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"Swamp, and you're seeing features in the lake, and everyone is something fascinating and interesting and the bigger collider in the long run it, the more you're able to pump water of that lake, and see all the hidden features, and so we're constantly doing this. This is why we run the collider over and over and over again because we're looking for smaller and smaller, more subtle bumps, the more collisions you make, the more you can see. These little bumps emerged from the fog. I guess it's all statistical right? 'cause he he runs a bunch of times in the VC's kind of like a unexpected high incidence of a. Collision! This mass range that must mean that the Hicks Young also system, and we can't point to. One of this. One was definitely a higgs. We say well. These fifty events will have about the same value, and there's more close to this value than any other value, and so we think it's very likely that it's there, but it's a little bit frustrating because you can't like. Take a picture it or say conclusively. This collision was a Higgs Boson. It's in the end purely statistical. You only see the leftovers or the footprints in the snow. Never actually like take a picture of it. Yeah, it's like you're looking for bigfoot and you have tracks, and you have four and you have lots of other evidence that convince you. That is not just random nonsense, but you don't actually have the bigfoot. It delve right like you see. A lot of poop in one plays more than usual your leg. Something next to keep coming back here. Yeah, precise thing all right well, let's get into now. We actually founded and what that discovery meant, but first let's take another quick break. It's a great time to get a great deal on a new car when you get approved for an auto loan from. Our powered by truecar rates are as low as one point three nine percents apr a new vehicles finance for a longer term to lower your monthly bill plus take up to sixty days to schedule your first payments. Join Penn Fed and together. We'll keep you moving forward. Anyone can apply visit ten fed dot org slash auto or call one, eight, hundred, two, four, seven, five, sixty, six to receive any.

Higgs Boson Penn Fed Hicks
"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

08:03 min | 1 year ago

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"Dependence. Day The day that we learn of our deep dependence on the Higgs Boson which is July fourth twenty twelve a little over eight years ago. So how do we actually find his expose on important to understand that the first idea with not for Higgs Boson, but for Higgs field misses some new quantum field, but fills the universe and has this affected? Affected gives the Z. in the W mass, and not the Photon but one prediction of the field. Is that like all other fields? If you give them a little blob of energy, excite them. You get a little packet of excited field than that looks like a particle, so there's a prediction also for a new particle. The Higgs Mos on the field and the article had. Had the same relationship as other particles and fields, but what we found was not directly. The Higgs field we looked for the higgs bows on which is the particle from them, but you have a field without a particle. Could you have take the higgs field? But Not Hicks bows on or when you predict the higgs field you automatically. The BOZA is a great question, I think. Think that every quantum field has to have a particle. I can't think of an example of quantum bill. It doesn't have a particle and I think that your interaction with it. In terms of probation, theory's always described in terms of particles, but you know I'm not sure that's a. that's a really fun question. A will smoke. Some banana peels and think about that deep questions. But I guess it was also to together like when Peter Higgs. Came up with this idea of like playing descend to make the equations where he must have known right away that meant that there is a particle involved to. Yes, absolutely, and you know Peter Higgs who wins the race to get his name put on this, but there are lots of other people coming up with very similar ideas at the same time, and they submitted papers like within weeks of each other. Other and there's still a lot of bitterness, and in some parts of the world is not called. The Higgs Bozen it's called the B. E. H. Bows on because there's two other guys route in Anglert. Who have their names on it? Also depending on where your conference is, it's called the B. E. H. on or the Higgs bows on. Really you have to like coats which when you go between congresses. Yeah precisely and there's a whole group of Americans were totally left out of the Nobel prize and the naming, and they're grumpy and all their friends call it after them, and so yes until. man, but you know I like the Higgs name. Feeling gets better than the. The, It best sounds Hubert or something right. Yeah, yeah, but hey pretty A. I mean. All of Europe right now. Mostly, just Belgium actually how? Well they don't get insulted. Drinking Belgian beer. Well, they have good fries and offals. Anyway, so what we do is we look for the bows on the field, and like with other particles. The way you make, it is used a collider, and you smash particles together to try to make enough energy in a tiny little spot that the universe can make heavy particles. Most of the universe is like dilute and cool, and so there is enough energy to make anything except for very light. Light stable particles like electrons and quirks. We're made him, but he'd WanNa find new stuff you gotta collide particles at really high energy and create those little packets of energy. The nature can then turn sometimes very rarely into an expectation of the Higgs field and give you a higgs on I guess one question I have. Is You know it seems like the Higgs field is so pervasive and so integral to all particles, and it's like it's always there. Lincoln. Why is it so hard to make a blip? You know like if it's right there. Why does it have such a big trouble for us to find it? Why couldn't we have found it earlier with lower energy collider? Yeah, that's a great question and the key is the mass. The prediction from Peter Higgs was there is this field and therefore there is this particle, but he couldn't predict what the mass of that particle was. He could have been very very very light. In which case it would have been discovered just a few years after he predicted it or could been silver heavy so that we hadn't even discovered yet. He didn't know how heavy it was. And like with all things and collider world, the heavier it is the more energy you need to make it, so the bigger your collider has to be the more expensive it is, and so it just took time to build a big enough collider. Mind I guess you need energy. To make it but I. Guess it's sort of a weird thing to think about. The Hicks Bozon having mass because isn't. Isn't that what it does to give master things? Yeah, it's weird. It also has self interactions interact with itself, and that's the thing that gives it. Mass and Higgs field didn't predict how strong that self interaction would be, and so we didn't know until people started looking for pretty much right away and not finding it. All right so then yeah, you build a collider. You've smash protons together, and you hope that a comes out every once in Beth right and protons have inside them quirks and glue on the Glunz hold the quirks together, and what you hope for is to those glue on's actually collide together with enough energy to give you a higgs, both on, and the Higgs bows on doesn't last very long, so you can't. Can't just like take a picture of it. You can't see it and say here's our higgs bows on, in which case you only would have need had made one of them. You could put it on your wall. That's your discovery. The problem is that it lasts for ten to the minus twenty three seconds, and then it turns into other. Stuff is what you gotTa do is look at that other stuff. Stuff and figure out if it looks like it came from a higgs bows on or something else I guess what makes you think that it could it even had? They couldn't have been like a Photon, or would that not help you with this symmetry of the equations yet? In order to have the affected has it has to have a non zero mass otherwise wouldn't have this weird symmetry breaking effect, but we. We didn't know it could have been ten times heavier than it turned out to be or ten times lighter enough to one of the frustrating things about the theory that we didn't quite know where to look in that means you don't know how big to build your accelerator or how it will decay, because all those things change based on how heavy it is, it can have any kind of mass like. What did we have a very different universe? If the Higgs Boson was really big and massive, you could have the much heavier. Higgs goes on. Basically have the same universe really like if it. was really massive within that I. Don't know affect how thanks ask or anything like that. No, because as a matter, most things get mass through their interaction with the field. It doesn't matter how heavy the particle itself is. All right, so the really fast collisions and the Hicks doesn't last very long. So how do you actually detected like? How do you know it existed? If it only exists for ten to minus twenty three second, and so we can never say for sure what we do is we look at a collision and we look at the patterns of the stuff that came out and we say okay. This looked like this collision had for example two photons in it. We can add the energies of those photons say okay, the total energy that came out of this collision. How much was it and? And if a higgs bows on, was there than the total energy that came out of the collisions, should to the mass of The Hague's on, so we look for a lot of events like that a lot of collisions that turned into two photons. We add up all their masses, and we make plot like a histogram and we look for a bump. We look for a bunch of collisions that led to two photons that all have the same mass because of the Higgs Bozon Israel. It'll make more of those events, and and you have to know for sure that those two photons. Couldn't have come from any other that we can never know that for sure. There are other ways to make to photos to same photons to same photons, but they don't tend to make same photons addict. The Higgs mass they tend to make random masses, and so the background the things that Mimic your signature. They're also give you to photons. Just give you random numbers. Whereas photons came from the Higgs, always end up about the same place, so if you do often enough, you notice like a pile of them accumulating at the same place, the true mass of the Higgs you look for this basically this bump over this background spectrum. and. Imagine you see other bumps, but they're probably due to other Lake interactions right will bumps pretty exciting, because they almost always mean that some particles there some heavy particles there and it decayed, and basically every bump is a Nobel prize. Sort of like you're draining the.

Peter Higgs Higgs Boson Higgs Bozon Israel Higgs Bozen higgs Hicks Nobel prize B. E. H. Bows Belgium Europe Mass BOZA Hubert Anglert Lincoln Beth
"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

04:20 min | 1 year ago

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"Because.

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

08:00 min | 1 year ago

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"Remember but July Fourth Twenty twelve. Here's what people had to say. Pigs on was discovered using the LHC. Some sequence of particle decays was detected that. Backed up the fury existing on heads. I know where it's. Allowed Chandrika liner, but how most likely shooting and colliding. Particles so the Higgs both most discovered. In the trunk, the Higgs Boson was predicted by Peter Higgs and others, and then there was discovered in two thousand twelve in the large Hadron collider, it was discovered in the large Hadron Collider, and it was by zooming around hydrogen or helium electrons very close to the speed of light. I think it was discovered with the large. Hadron Collider, but As to how I don't know I note that. On I discovered in theory. We knew that every force has a acting particu and for gravity. Who we called particulate Hicks, physicists? Even. Someone like Amazon. Ticket out that there was something missing. And they kept looking forward looking for, and it was my understanding that Higgs was the one. That came up with the idea of how it might might exist. If the Higgs Boson gives master particles, I'm going to suggest that they started with a particle with known mass. I think I heard one of you guys podcast. That would skip it by the large Hadron collider so hsun tell it was discovered I'm not sure though. Now that one? I think. We were smashing particles together in found some extra energy that we couldn't account for rights pretty knowledgeable answers here. You guys did a pretty good job of educating the public the I think it's also a good pr by the L. H C team, because it's sort of the particle collider that in people's minds I mean I. Don't know if you remember, but we also asked people how the top cork was discovered, and the answers were basically the same by the large collider, even though that was actually discovered by the previous commodity. So I think this is a win for the L. H. Seemingly Particle Collider in the forefront of people's minds and the tips of their tongues. You're like the Kleenex physics experiments. You know pretty soon. They're gonNA. Call Collider's Alexa. That's right. I blew my nose. The all right so step is through the history here Daniel we're gonNA. Get into how it. It was discovered in our. Can. We know that it's actually there so Take us back to before twenty twelve. What do we know? And why do we think the Higgs bows on existed? Today's goes on is one of these particles. The has a long history because we thought it existed before we discovered it. There are a lot of people who suspect. Suspect? It was there and this is a grand tradition of this particle physics of like looking at the patterns of the particles that we see and seeing something missing, or you know not having a question answered in finding a missing piece that answers that question is just like with a jigsaw puzzle or with periodic table. If there's a hole in the periodic table, you wonder like why is that whole? There wouldn't make more sense if there was something else there, so people spend a lot of time thinking about the patterns of the particles that we had seen and wondering about some things about them, they didn't understand and using that to predict the existence of this higgs. Bozon and also this higgs field. But in this case wasn't really a pattern because I know for the like some of the other courts. It was based on a pattern. Here wasn't a more like about the math and looking at the equation. It's I'm like Oh. It's missing. Sim Field here to make it all balance out. Actually was a lack of a pattern. You see in the second half. Half of this last century people at understood that there was a deep connection between electromagnetism into thing responsible for electricity and magnets, and the thing that gives us the Photon, and this other force, the weak nuclear force, the one responsible for radioactive decay, and that force has three particles Z. Particle, and to w particles and people that understood that actually these two different. Different forces were just part of the same force, the Electra weak force, and the Photon belong sort of a gang who's actually not just like one photon over here and three week particles over there. They're part of this gang of four particles and mathematically fit together beautifully. It's just like a missing part of a jigsaw puzzle finally clicked into place and you could. Could understand why things look the way they looked. It was just really gorgeous like from the group theory, point of view is satisfied lots of cemeteries, but there was one problem. The problem is that the Photon is really different from these other. BOZON's in an important way that you mentioned in that it has no mass where the other ones are really heavy. And, so what made us think that they were all together in a gang? Is it because they all transmit the same force, kind of or do they behave in a similar way, they do Kinda behave in a similar way. I mean electrons very familiar particles. They like to interact with photons, but also with the week goes on the WS and disease, and that's it. electrons don't interact with anything else. That's all they interact with, and so in feels sort of natural to connect. Connect all the particles that electrons, and also means town talked to and look for a pattern among if they fit into like a larger grouping, it's like when you put electric city and magnetism together. Electricity is a bunch of different phenomena. You observe and magnetism are a bunch of different phenomena that you observe. Do you notice that sometimes electric charges 'cause magnetism, and sometimes magnetism can induce the electricity. Makes more sense to think of them. As one thing I mean there are different phenomena. Alright sound like magnets are electrical, but they're really makes more sense. It's simpler just to think of it. As part of a larger combination, they're connected some ads like the two sides of the same coin, and so you've got this beautiful connection. If you plug the Photon in with these other three particles in the same way, as if you merge electricity and magnetism, you get these beautiful cemeteries and particle. Physics is all about symmetry is about finding these patterns, and we don't know why the universe has some is. We don't know why it has patterns, but we have found that when you look for patterns typically. Typically those things are clues. There hints they show you how the universe works like everything needs to somehow balance together, or it'd be weird if it wasn't symmetric precisely and here we have a really beautiful symmetry electro weak symmetry, these particles all fit together in this really nice way, and specifically you can like rotate your way through this four dimensional space. You have four particles there. If the symmetry works, you can rotate between them. Select the Photon, and the Z should play. The same role should be able to rotate between them, but the problem is. The symmetry was broken. It didn't quite work because the Photon is very very light has no mass and is. He was very very heavy, so. So. It's like an almost symmetry. It's like a it's like a hint that is almost works, but what about this one piece piece would have stuck in physicist for a long time? It's like looking in the mirror and is seen kind of a different image of yourself. You're like something's going on here. Yeah, and it's almost right, but not quite so they wanted to understand like. Is this symmetry dislodge? Throw it out the window or is there a reason why it's broken? Is that a clue that explain something else? Because the image was too good to abandon you know on the other hand. There's lots of times in the history of physics when we thought we've had a beautiful idea and. And had to throw it away because it didn't work like mathematically it works, but nature says no, so sometimes that happens, but sometimes you know it's just a clue that like you need to refine it or tweak it or twisted, and so that's what the Higgs Boson was was a refinement of this theory to help it work right although I feel like it's weird.

Higgs Boson Peter Higgs physicist higgs field Chandrika Bozon L. H C Amazon Hicks Daniel
"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

05:53 min | 1 year ago

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"Hammy cartoonist. PhD Comic, I'm Daniel Whiteson I'm a particle physicist and the only particle I've ever helped. Discover was the higgs bows on on ice. I've discovered lots of particles. Plenty of dust particles in my house, none of which are particularly interesting. There's some of them are big, but not takes but our podcast Daniel and he explained the universe, a production of iheartradio, in which we talk about all the crazy and amazing things that we find in our universe, we take you to the forefront of knowledge where scientists are trying to figure out how everything works, and we show you how you can understand it to have. Your curiosity is the same as theirs. Yeah, we like to talk about not just the things that scientists discover and what we understand about them. We also like to talk. Talk about how they were discovered. Because we think this is a very important part of understanding science, and how science works, and what signs knows and what it can. No, that's right. Sometimes particle physics presented is like a grand edifice that we've put together all at once, but really it's sort of like a sloppy house of cars that we've been building bit by bit over the last hundred years in each piece was added painfully and with great effort, due to lots of theorists and experimentalist working hard, and usually they're fun juicy political dramas along the way. I guess it made out of particles the House of Particle. Everything's made out of particles, man or field. She did a TV series called House of particles. There's definitely enough drama in particle physics to fuel whole soap opera. Hopefully it gets pushed him to train him. A more than that. We want you to understand that his idea of particle physics. These things that we understand are not just some theoretical concept, but they're slowly build up from actual discoveries experiments. We've done things that we force the universe to reveal, and it's those experiments, those actual discoveries as confrontations with nature that form the foundation of that understand. Yeah, because I think it's easy once you know something to Jews. Jews the forget that you at some point didn't know something you know like. Think back when you were a kid I. You didn't know about the universe or galaxies planets. What were you thinking? What was your view of the world? That's right like before. I knew that bananas were Gross. I. Thought like Hey. Maybe they were okay, but now I can never go back to a universe in which Bananas Could Digest. Hey more bananas for me man. That, you don't like. It, all works out, but you know sometimes i. like to imagine like all of universes in which discoveries were made in different orders and different things where weird or puzzling. Because you know, the reason that things seem weird is only because we haven't seen the whole picture. It's like doing a jigsaw puzzle and you don't know where these pieces go. What's going to reveal? The nature of the questions comes from the parts. You haven't found yet, but in some sense. That's just due to luck. We found this. We found that we stumbled over this before we stumbled over that. So the history of these discoveries is really important. Important for you to understand why we're asking the questions. We're asking now up on the program. We are covering some pretty recent history of physics. Wise and we're covering probably the most famous particle I think in culture these days, and maybe in physics. That's right, and that's not something I'm grumpy about I mean I think the Higgs bows on deserves its role as the most famous particle plays a really essential role in our theory, and it's really epic struggle to find it the search for it goes over many billions of dollars and many different particle collider's and many decades. Yes, to the program. We'll be asking the question. Hour Higgs on discovered on a Tuesday. Or Wednesday. You know it was no single moment this the short answer the question. It's not like we came into work. One day and boom there was a higgs bows on in our email inbox, or like we found one in the center of the lab, or there was just one moment when the results were like boom there we have it as a slow build a gradual accumulation of data, a very gentle gradual reveal now like an exciting plot twist at the end I. Guess wasn't discovered with a bang. was more like with twenty-three bazillion bangs. It's like somebody very slowly drawing back the curtain, so you can see more and more and more of the drama build slowly, but then you need to have a date. You'd have a moment where you say. This, we've decided we've discovered it, so that's officially the moment of discovery. Aspect July fourth twenty four. Yeah, that's just sort of random, just a fun coincidence, and that's why we get to call it. He dependence because we depend on the Hicks I. Guess We all depend on the Higgs. Really the whole universe depends on the the whole universe does totally depend on the higgs if it wasn't. Wasn't for the Higgs bows on. Our universe would be totally different, and also the higgs bows on his sort of precariously balanced. It's this weird, high energy state, and it's the reason that particles have certain masses, and if that changed, then the universe would totally change. It would collapse into something unrecognizable to us, so thank Gosh for the Higgs Boson doing what it does painted rules by fear. We must more worship, but otherwise it's going to destroy the universe I think. The Higgs Boson would rather be feared than loved you. It should be called the Machiavelli particle, not the God. Particle. All right well It's very important article and it was discovered recently. An is a bit of drama about it, and and a lot of interesting twists stories to we'll get into that today but I. It's usually we were wondering how many out there had heard of this story or know about the details of how the higgs bows on was discovered. That's right, so I asked people to volunteer to answer random questions on the Internet, not knowing anything about what I would ask them in new googling allowed, so thank you to everybody who participated, and if you'd like to volunteer your voice for future, random science questions, please write to us two.

higgs Higgs Boson Higgs Daniel Whiteson physicist Hicks
Travel to Uruguay

The Amateur Traveler Podcast

04:15 min | 1 year ago

Travel to Uruguay

"I'd like to welcome. The show Karen Higgs from Guru Guay Dot Com. Who has come to talk to us about? Uruguay Karen Welcome to the show? She's so much. And I have to spell that website because I want to be sure that people understand the the joke in the. Idea of what it is, but it's. Guay as in Uruguay and you are somebody who has written guidebooks about it right a website about it and you've lived in Uruguay for twenty years so I feel that Guru. Guay seems like an appropriate. Definition of what you do. And it also means that people stop confusing Uruguay Paraguay. Okay excellent. which is the bane of Uruguayans lives sure we actually do not have a show on Paraguay, and it's not for lack of trying, and I'm trying to line up for next week, so so hopefully we may have won back to back and then talk about the difference, but we're not talking about Paraguay today. We're talking about Uruguay which is not how the Uruguayans Sat, but we'll get into that. Karen, why should someone go to Uruguay? Never two types of people that come to Uruguay. They're all the type of people that have been everywhere. And, so they looking for the last off the radar destinations to go to and when they arrive, they'll love to say after I am the only person that I know. That's team to Uruguay so that on one hand and then on the other hand. People who do their research? They are interested in going to Latin America. They do their research. They looking for a safe country, especially as so female travelers for example than King. South America they all googling, and then they've like. Hey, there's this small country that's that between Argentina and between Brazil, that just seems to have all of these amazing statistics of development, how is this and then they look at it more closely and they discover that not only. Only, is it a progressive country and it's been a progressive country for hundred and fifty years with complete separation of church and state written into the Constitution the kind of country where women were given the vote well before places in Europe's of where the eight hour day has been in place for over hundred years, and then the look annul say hey, and it's also got amazing beaches and from what I can see. Nobody goes those beaches and it's got. Wine and how come I've never tried one of those wines? And then you know when they start, and they'll really looking into the find my website, et Cetera. Then they'll go. Oh, my God. It's got all this amazing world class live music, and I go to these shows and be up next to an amazing musician, and it won't even cost me ten dollars, and then somebody will say the beef is just amazing. Then somebody's like, but I'm a Vegan, and it's like, but now you could even get good vegan food in Montevideo, so yeah I mean basically. Laid back small by South American standards. It's very large compared to a European country, but it's small enough to be able to get around, and it's developed, and so it's kind of like a good start. A country when Latin America is consumed. It's not in your face. Excellent and we did mention that I'm pronouncing this Uruguay and we talked about this ahead of time, because that tends to be the English pronunciation. If I was from there, I would say it how. Do. So without ooh guy. So when you can't people on the football terraces, football's huge in Uruguay and you'll hear people saying ou y Ou do which sounds totally tribal, and you think about it. Which is Kinda funny?

Uruguayans Uruguay Karen Higgs Guru Guay Dot Com Guay Paraguay Latin America South America Montevideo Europe Football Argentina Brazil
The Grammar Of Graphics

Linear Digressions

10:04 min | 1 year ago

The Grammar Of Graphics

"Hey Katie Hi ben high you doing? What are we talking about today? We're talking about the grammar of graphics. The Grammar of graphics yeah. This is a visual episode in audio form. So let's see how this goes. This can be okay. You're listening to linear digressions. Okay so I know what? The term grammar means as it applies to language It's kind of the the rules about how you would construct sentences and I'm sure that there are many people who find better than me but that's kind of how I think about it. Yeah that when we are using language to communicate. There's an order in which we place subjects in verbs and objects. There's a recurring to language in the sense that you can have phrases. That have substructure. There's also Orders in which things tend to appear like I would say I would always say the big black car I would never say the black big car. Yes grammar is yes this this thing. That's a little bit hard to define but once you start to think of it is pretty common to think of it. In terms of the rules of language I actually was reading. Something really interesting about this It's so I just found it a tweet by Matthew Anderson things native English speakers. No but don't know why we know and the quote is adjectives in English. Absolutely have to be in the following order opinion size age shape color origin material purpose noun. So you can have a lovely little old rectangular green French silver WHITTLING KNIFE. But if you mess with that word order in the slightest. You'll sound like a maniac. It's an odd thing that every English speaker uses that list but almost none of us could write it out yeah. I think I've heard something similar to so I think that was what I would like drawing on a little bit in that Great Green Great Dragons. No Great Green Dragons. Yeah exactly so. We're not talking about language in this talk of graphics. What how what does that mean yes? So that's what we're going to spend the next fifteen minutes talking about a little bit but the rough idea here. Is that so just like? There's an expectation that you have about the word order or the construction of phrases when you're listening to someone speaker when you're reading a sentence. There's a similar idea. Perhaps for visualizing drawing visualizations of data or consuming visualizations of data. Things that you expect to see whether or not you even really think about it. Or when you're composing a visualization things that you're planning for or taking into account that again. Maybe you aren't thinking about but this comes up in a really deep way if you are say. Dealing with data visualization software at a at a pretty fundamental level. So for those of you who are into our universe and particularly The tidy verse Hadley Wickham 's corner of the our universe. You're probably familiar with a package called G. G Plot to which is a visualization library. In our that's can famously makes very beautiful graphics especially with its its defaults make for really nice graphics. the gee-gee NJIT PLOT TO REVERSE TO GRAMMAR OF GRAPHICS and own. And actually. Yeah the most of the research that I did for. This episode was reading a twenty five page paper. That had they wickham wrote about how he thinks about. And how the field a general thinks about the grammar of graphics. Data visualization says where. We're going to talk about very cool. I don't even know where to start in thinking about this. This is this is GonNa be neat. Yeah this this was a pretty challenging Topic for me to try to understand because it gets into theory pretty quickly of like what is a facet and what is the scale and what is A. What's the difference between a mapping to an aesthetic and coordinate system I think There's certainly a lot to unpack if you're just really excited about this idea but rather than getting into some of these kind of esoteric concepts especially concepts that are ESA teric without having examples to look at. I wanted to illustrate the main pieces of the grammar of graphics as highly working for example talks about it using an example of a visualization. That probably a lot of people are really familiar. With and how that illustrates a few of the big important concept that again. We all kind of take for granted probably in our day to day. Visualizations Okay so what's the. What's the example graphic then? All right let's talk about a stacked histogram stacked histogram yet can you? Can you describe it for me? Yes so let me give you an example of stacked histogram ice to make all the time when I was a physicist so when I was a physicist we used to make lots and lots of plots where what you are trying to do was look at distributions of particles that you are getting in your detector and in general there were lots of different kinds of particles that were classified as what we would call background so these were types of particles that were you know interesting but not what we are really searching for and then there were in certain situations. You'll be looking for signal particles as well so this might be like a higgs bows on if you're doing a heck search and so when you were creating visualizations of your data. What you're looking for is okay. Do we have a distribution of data? That's more consistent with there. Only being background present or does it look more consistent with background plus signal for the second cases like Oh maybe we discovered some new physics or something so we would think a lot about how to visualize background and when you're doing that analysis you tend to have different kinds of particles that are coming in from different places in your detector and so if you just look at one of those systems at a time you're going to get an incomplete picture of all of the particles instead what you wanted to layer them all on top of each other so that you have yes so that you have like a picture of the overall distribution of the particles that you see but you also have them stratified by the different types of physics processes that they correspond to and so you're kind of stacking each of those strata on top of each other and you have a visualization that shows you know each of them separately but also all of them adding together. That's roughly what a histogram is God. I think I've seen these before are I'm sure I've seen them in many places but I'm thinking about when you look at when you do a software release and you look at all of the different All of the different computers that are running the software. And what version. They're on and you can see how people have upgraded. Each version of the software will be represented by different color. And over time. You'll see them kind of go and peak and then as new software later is released than the previous version will kind of trail off and The I guess the representation that you're talking about is showing all of that in a single graph with time. Let's say being the x axis and in in my example. It's always at one hundred per cent hike because every user is on some version but you can see the dip the I guess the distribution at any given point of those versions yeah or a few decided to represent it instead of as a percentage of the whole if you had your y. Axis was allowed float and instead it was the total number of users using that system than you could imagine like the overall rate could actually go up and down as users join. Leave your your system or you're right are using your software or whatever so. I haven't I have an image in my head now. Okay great and so hopefully for most of the folks who are listening to this. Hopefully you do too. But if you don't or if you're really struggling to think about what a stacked histogram might look like an might be worth taking like five seconds to Google this on your phone to see like a mental snapshot because it's I don't imagine that the rest of this will make tons of sense if you have no idea. We're talking about so okay So stacked histogram how do we think about this in terms of the grammar of graphics so let me layer in a few of the fundamental ideas of grammar graphic so either taking place in a very explicit order to the first layer the most foundational layer of when you need to make? Data visualization is What is the data? Set that you'RE GONNA BE VISUALIZING. And how does that map from The the variables in the data set to a set of aesthetics. So what's the data set? Let's talk about that first. Let's use my example of. Let's use your example. Actually I think that's probably a little bit more familiar to our listeners than like a particle physics date set but instead we have some notion of a data set that has all of the users of our software through time and the type of what did he say. It was like the version of the software that they're using yet and actually. Can I make this a little bit? Meta and tweak this and we'll say this could be a linear digressions episode downloads. Like we can go. We can go into our hosting provider and we can see how many people download on on a given day and so of course the day after we release an episode we see a lot of downloads and then maybe two months ago by and now that episode is a small sliver.

Hadley Wickham Physicist Katie Hi Njit Matthew Anderson Google ESA Higgs
Daniel Whiteson on Space Itself

Stuff To Blow Your Mind

06:47 min | 1 year ago

Daniel Whiteson on Space Itself

"How would a physicist defined space while all of space in one sentence? That is a pretty tall order. You know I'd have to say To be honest to say we really have no idea. What space is I mean? I think it's wonderful that you're asking this question. It's the kind of question that it takes like a sort of maturity of science and philosophy to even understand why the question is interesting and important. You know it's like it's like we're fish. Scientists for thousand years swimming through this fluid and then only recently realized that AIDS. It's something fascinating something to study. Something that has properties can do weird things. And so it's it's a deep an important question you know. And and just to digress. A tiny bit more like it makes me wonder how many other crazy basic questions we aren't even asking because we don't realize how rich the topic is you know so. I feel privileged that. We're at this moment in science when we can ask. This question would is space and understand that it is an important question all right so I totally dodged your question there but I can try to give a one sentence answer. If you'd like shirt will start simple and then and then we'll get more into the nuances here. All right well a simple answer to what is space is that I mean I could try. It may be impossible I'd say the simplest description I can give for. What space is is something which has various properties we've discovered it had can contain quantum fields it can expand and it has relationships to other parts of space. So that's more a description of what we've what we've observed about. Space is not really an inherent standing of what it is because we don't have that understanding. Well maybe this brings me to a question. I wanted to ask later on but If there is no good answer to this It can help ground us as we go forward so I wanted to ask. Is there such a thing as a hypothetical physics without space does all physics assume space and can we imagine say a possible world that exists but does not contain space or is that just inconceivable that all physics that we do assume space like all of our modern theories the standard model and quantum field theory they all operate in some space and there are different kinds of theories of have and some of those make different assumptions for what that space is my quantum field theory? You right down with the spaces in advance. He say I'M GONNA assume space in three dimensions and extends all in all these directions. And then I'm going to talk about the fields that are in that space other theories like general relativity. Space is part of what you're trying to get at. It's not like the backdrop. It's the thing you solve for you so if I have this configuration. Then what does the space look like? But they all assume space. I mean space gives you a relationship between stuff right tells you this year and this is not here and in the end all trying to understand the world we live in and everything. We live in space. So it's pretty hard to grapple with a non spatial theories or non spatial physics. So yeah I would say that We Need Space Okay. But so if we could come at it from the exact opposite angle. He think you couldn't really have physics without space. Could you have a universe full of space with no matter energy in it could space exist without any contents? Good space exists without any contents and yeah that is an awesome question. And it's fascinating because we have two theories of physics right now quantum mechanics and general relativity and they're both awesome achievements staggering insights into the way the universe works. And they give different answers to this question right so general. Relativity is Einstein's theory and he has a bunch of equations. Say What the universe look like depending on what you put in it. And he is and it's really hard to solve like this very few ways. You can actually saw these equations. One of the very few ways actually can get an answer out is what they call the vacuum solution like to say. Assume this nothing then. What is the universe? Look like if there's nothing in it all right. Einstein can solve that problem. Quantum field theory though theory says hold on a second space is filled with all these quantum fields and particles and matter and all the stuff that you make me and you are just like excited states of these fields so when you look at an electron it's not a particle it's not a wave it's a little ripple in some field which is not in-space. It's part of space. Save all these fields of the electron field. The electro magnetic field all the fields associated with each of the forces. Lots of them. We can talk about them later if you'd like but some of them never relaxed completely. Some of them are always have some energy in them. For example Higgs field. The Higgs field is an every part of space. And it's always got some built intention to it and that means that this energy in every part of space so quantum field theory says no. You can't have space without some energy in it. There's some inherent energy to space or the general. Says I can totally imagine it. And we don't know which theory is the fundamental truth theory of the universe if either one we can't seem to make them play together very well and so this question really goes to the heart of like the nature of reality itself fascinating kind of thing that in five hundred years visits will know the answer to and look back at. Us and be like man. Those people didn't understand anything about the nature of the universe. They were living in right. What a bunch of Caveman cavewoman. Like Mrs so. I love that idea about quantum field theory if I understand this right. You're saying that under the assumptions of quantum field theory. You could have a big block of space and even if you were able to clear everything out of it clear out. All the hydrogen particles clear out all the dust. So there's no matter left in it. You still you still really wouldn't have an empty void. Is that correct? That's right? Every unit of space comes with energy built in it comes from the factory with energy already in it and and in lots of those fields can't not cannot relax a higgs field is one example but many of these fields cannot relax all the way down to zero and so it's impossible according to these quantum theories to have space with no energy density in it at all and and that stuff all stuff is is some kind of energy like the matter that makes me and you. That's just a form of energy so to say that the space has seen it really means. It's not

Einstein Physicist Higgs
Could There Be a Fifth Fundamental Force?

BrainStuff

06:38 min | 1 year ago

Could There Be a Fifth Fundamental Force?

"The four fundamental forces are the most important quartet in science so far is anyone's been able to prove the universe is governed by these forces forces gravity electromagnetism the strong force and the weak force. But maybe this foursome isn't alone in two thousand fifteen. A Hungarian and team led by physicist Attila. Credit Hawkeye reportedly discovered new evidence for a fifth fundamental force. Something previously unknown to science. The the group uploaded another paper about the subject to archive a research database in October of two thousand nineteen while many scientists are skeptical about these findings. The research search does give us an occasion to talk about the major forces that we all take for granted the Fab four fundamental forces are irreducible meaning. They can't be broken down into other more basic forces. These are the core phenomena behind every other known type of physical interaction. For example friction tension and elasticity busy are all derived from electromagnetism. And what's that you ask. ELECTROMAGNETISM is a force that affects all positively and negatively charged particles articles those with opposite charges attract while ones carrying like charges. Repel each other. Not only does this principle. Keep magnets on your fridge. But it's also the reason why solid solid objects are able to retain their shapes compared with electromagnetism. Gravity is rather weak surprisingly enough. It's actually the weakest of the four fundamentals including including the so-called weak force. We'll get to that one in a bit. A gravity is the attraction of any two objects in the universe to another moons. Dust motes coyotes. Whatever ever everything exerts gravity on every other thing but at least one of the things in question has to be pretty massive in order for it to make much of a difference? That's why we you don't have dust mites orbiting our heads like asteroids and why we don't fall into orbit of coyotes when we encounter them but let's turn to the appropriately named strong force course. This is what hold Tomic nucleus together. Even in spite of their charged protons which are constantly trying to escape and last but not least. There's the Weak Force Aka. The weak interaction. This one is the hardest to explain and honestly I'm not an expert here but it's the force by which which subatomic particles can transform by decaying into different particles by losing boasts on which disintegrates into positron and or neutrinos this week force force fuel certain kinds of radioactive decay which means it's responsible for everything from medical imaging to the radiometric dating that researchers use to determine the ages of fossils thousand artifacts to the nuclear fission that occurs in the sun. So kind of a big deal. Scientists have a theory that nicely describes three of those forces known these standard model of physics. It's made up of various measurements and mathematical formulas. It also breaks down. Elementary particles into categories is an subcategories. We spoke by email with mit physicist. Richard Milner he explained. The Standard Model of physics is the present framework for describing describing the subatomic world at all energies. It was developed post World War to end. I count at Least Eighteen Nobel prizes in physics since nineteen fifty that have been awarded for contributions tribulations to its development alike all good theories. The Standard Model has accurately predicted numerous scientific breakthroughs including the discovery of the elusive higgs. Boson particle back in two thousand twelve yet. It doesn't answer every question. The Standard Model offers no explanation for gravity and it hasn't brought scientists any closer to understanding dark matter a mysterious ingredient that makes up about twenty seven percent of our universe. Here's where crossing a Hawkeye and company. Come in during a twenty fifteen experiment at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Institute for Nuclear Research They watched excited brilliant eight atoms decay inside a particle Michael Accelerator normally this process releases light which is later converted into electrons and positron are a type of Subatomic particle with a positive charge. And sure enough. That's what happened but then things got interesting. Normally brilliant eight decays predictable fashion yet. A weirdly Lee high number of these electrons and positron repelled each other at a one hundred and forty degree angle to explain the surplus crasner. Hawkeye's team argued that a never before seen particle had been formed as the atoms decayed by their calculations this theoretical subatomic body would have a massive around seventeen million electron-volts on volts. They went ahead and named the x seventeen particle and now ex seventeen is again making the news. Recently the same Hungarian Carrion scientists detected an anomaly indicates samples of helium four according to their archive paper. An unforeseen surplus of positron and electrons were released. Possibly because another seventeen particle was created. If this mystery particle exists. It might be something very special. Maybe just maybe it's a newfound carrier boasts on both sides are spinning particles that probably lack internal structure their known to carry forces making them an integral part of the standard model under the standard model. Milner Explains Forces take place by exchange of the carrier Bussan's between other subatomic particles articles. It's said each of the four fundamental forces has its own corresponding boasts on the one that transports gravity hasn't been found yet but the carrier bones associated it was strong force. Weak force electromagnetism are well documented. Presumably at seventeen would be the Kargbo sound for a fifth fundamental force that we never knew existed listed and perhaps said force is somehow related to dark matter but or getting ahead of ourselves. There's no hard proof that x seventeen exists. It's in the first place. The European Organization for Nuclear Research better known as sern has yet to find any trace of the particle and the new archive paper is still awaiting peer review and replication from other scientists milner and his colleagues have devised a proposal to try to generate seventeen particles in a scattering experiment at the Thomas. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Newport News Virginia at present the standard model does account for any new fundamental forces. So if the x seventeen and the fifth force that allegedly carries a real we'll have to modify the good old standard model at any rate. It's clear the Potomac world is still rife with

Could There Be a Fifth Fundamental Force?

BrainStuff

06:38 min | 1 year ago

Could There Be a Fifth Fundamental Force?

"The four fundamental forces are the most important quartet in science so far is anyone's been able to prove the universe is governed by these forces forces gravity electromagnetism the strong force and the weak force. But maybe this foursome isn't alone in two thousand fifteen. A Hungarian and team led by physicist Attila. Credit Hawkeye reportedly discovered new evidence for a fifth fundamental force. Something previously unknown to science. The the group uploaded another paper about the subject to archive a research database in October of two thousand nineteen while many scientists are skeptical about these findings. The research search does give us an occasion to talk about the major forces that we all take for granted the Fab four fundamental forces are irreducible meaning. They can't be broken down into other more basic forces. These are the core phenomena behind every other known type of physical interaction. For example friction tension and elasticity busy are all derived from electromagnetism. And what's that you ask. ELECTROMAGNETISM is a force that affects all positively and negatively charged particles articles those with opposite charges attract while ones carrying like charges. Repel each other. Not only does this principle. Keep magnets on your fridge. But it's also the reason why solid solid objects are able to retain their shapes compared with electromagnetism. Gravity is rather weak surprisingly enough. It's actually the weakest of the four fundamentals including including the so-called weak force. We'll get to that one in a bit. A gravity is the attraction of any two objects in the universe to another moons. Dust motes coyotes. Whatever ever everything exerts gravity on every other thing but at least one of the things in question has to be pretty massive in order for it to make much of a difference? That's why we you don't have dust mites orbiting our heads like asteroids and why we don't fall into orbit of coyotes when we encounter them but let's turn to the appropriately named strong force course. This is what hold Tomic nucleus together. Even in spite of their charged protons which are constantly trying to escape and last but not least. There's the Weak Force Aka. The weak interaction. This one is the hardest to explain and honestly I'm not an expert here but it's the force by which which subatomic particles can transform by decaying into different particles by losing boasts on which disintegrates into positron and or neutrinos this week force force fuel certain kinds of radioactive decay which means it's responsible for everything from medical imaging to the radiometric dating that researchers use to determine the ages of fossils thousand artifacts to the nuclear fission that occurs in the sun. So kind of a big deal. Scientists have a theory that nicely describes three of those forces known these standard model of physics. It's made up of various measurements and mathematical formulas. It also breaks down. Elementary particles into categories is an subcategories. We spoke by email with mit physicist. Richard Milner he explained. The Standard Model of physics is the present framework for describing describing the subatomic world at all energies. It was developed post World War to end. I count at Least Eighteen Nobel prizes in physics since nineteen fifty that have been awarded for contributions tribulations to its development alike all good theories. The Standard Model has accurately predicted numerous scientific breakthroughs including the discovery of the elusive higgs. Boson particle back in two thousand twelve yet. It doesn't answer every question. The Standard Model offers no explanation for gravity and it hasn't brought scientists any closer to understanding dark matter a mysterious ingredient that makes up about twenty seven percent of our universe. Here's where crossing a Hawkeye and company. Come in during a twenty fifteen experiment at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Institute for Nuclear Research They watched excited brilliant eight atoms decay inside a particle Michael Accelerator normally this process releases light which is later converted into electrons and positron are a type of Subatomic particle with a positive charge. And sure enough. That's what happened but then things got interesting. Normally brilliant eight decays predictable fashion yet. A weirdly Lee high number of these electrons and positron repelled each other at a one hundred and forty degree angle to explain the surplus crasner. Hawkeye's team argued that a never before seen particle had been formed as the atoms decayed by their calculations this theoretical subatomic body would have a massive around seventeen million electron-volts on volts. They went ahead and named the x seventeen particle and now ex seventeen is again making the news. Recently the same Hungarian Carrion scientists detected an anomaly indicates samples of helium four according to their archive paper. An unforeseen surplus of positron and electrons were released. Possibly because another seventeen particle was created. If this mystery particle exists. It might be something very special. Maybe just maybe it's a newfound carrier boasts on both sides are spinning particles that probably lack internal structure their known to carry forces making them an integral part of the standard model under the standard model. Milner Explains Forces take place by exchange of the carrier Bussan's between other subatomic particles articles. It's said each of the four fundamental forces has its own corresponding boasts on the one that transports gravity hasn't been found yet but the carrier bones associated it was strong force. Weak force electromagnetism are well documented. Presumably at seventeen would be the Kargbo sound for a fifth fundamental force that we never knew existed listed and perhaps said force is somehow related to dark matter but or getting ahead of ourselves. There's no hard proof that x seventeen exists. It's in the first place. The European Organization for Nuclear Research better known as sern has yet to find any trace of the particle and the new archive paper is still awaiting peer review and replication from other scientists milner and his colleagues have devised a proposal to try to generate seventeen particles in a scattering experiment at the Thomas. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Newport News Virginia at present the standard model does account for any new fundamental forces. So if the x seventeen and the fifth force that allegedly carries a real we'll have to modify the good old standard model at any rate. It's clear the Potomac world is still rife with

Richard Milner Hawkeye Physicist Hungarian Academy Of Sciences Thomas Jefferson National Acce European Organization For Nucl MIT Tomic Newport News Virginia Sern Thomas
"higgs" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

02:37 min | 1 year ago

"higgs" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary

"Precise measurement for the mass of the Higgs Bozon Nashes Voyager two spacecraft eliminates the boundary of interstellar space and the smallest climate. I'm at satellite celebrates ten years in orbit all that and more coming up on space time. Welcome to space time. We'd Stewart Gary physicist of achieved a new level of precision in their if it's Domitian admission the Higgs Boson their latest measurements shows. It has a massive one hundred and twenty five point three five Gig electron-volts with the precision of zero point one five Giga Electron volts and uncertainty of roughly zero point one percent in physics an electron volt is the amount of kinetic energy gained or lost by single electron accelerating from restaurant electric potential difference of one volt in vacuum and through the Angie mass equivalents equals MC squared the electron is also used by. STARNER's some physicists. As a unit of mass he's Bozon was discovered in twenty twelve by sided with the atlas and cms collaborations using the large Hadron Collider Elliot. Let's see the world's largest atom smasher at sern the European Organization for nuclear research the long postulated Higgs often referred to by non-scientists interest as the God particle is important because it gives mess to other elementary particles through. It's all pervasive higgs field and since its discovery scientists have been tried. Hi to learn more about the particle. The Higgs mass is closely related to the strength of the particles interaction with itself so comparing precise measurements of these two properties provides provides a crucial means of testing the predictions of the Standard Model of particle physics. And any discrepancies could provide an indication of new physics beyond the standard model. The Higgs Boson goes on his unstable and decays nearly instantaneously into lighter particles so the navy fighting's based on data collected from two other measurements one measurement focused on the with a K- of two zebo zones which subsequently decay into electron- on your Pez zebras. On's mediate the weight. Nuclear Force while meal answer simply more more massive short-lived versions of electrons the other measurement looked at the decay of two photons of light which mediate the electromagnetic force. The large Hadron Hadron Collider L. A. is twenty-seven kilometer-long ring very one hundred meters beneath Franco. Swiss border near.

Higgs Bozon Nashes Voyager Higgs Boson Higgs Giga Electron Bozon L. A. Domitian STARNER Stewart Gary European Organization physicist navy twenty-seven kilometer one hundred meters one percent two photons ten years one volt
"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

07:50 min | 2 years ago

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"Not changing the speed of light right. we're not changing. The universe in that's in the multi percents were like picking totally new laws but the parameters are changing the masses of changing which affects everything downstream right how things come together how they form bonds bond how they make atoms everything we'd be totally different ride the fabric would would do you think the fabric unit would unravel or would you change where it's totally different Cardigan. It would be totally. Don't even know if you could make a car worse. I mean it'd be very hard to go from. Here's here's a description of the fundamental nature universe as we haven't now and then predict chemistry and biology in the that'd be hard yeah currently and so to say let's lift change those laws and in trying to understand what the universe would look like. That's a hard problem. We know look totally different. It would be dramatic in The Hague's bows the his field change and you're saying it is and we don't know if it's possible if the Higgs field can change but there is that possibility that it could you know jump out of those mountains and flow down to the ocean and then we would have a totally different carbonless university yeah exactly everything that we know about the the universe would be different and that does seem kind of a big deal and you know we made these measurements. We're trying to understand. We're trying to make better measurements to get a better sense of how stable this is right and and also there's the possibility that we just don't understand physics correctly or their current model could be wrong so it could be that like hey you. You know there's some other physics. That's preventing this from happening and we in a new theory of physics. At better describes the universe. The Higgs is totally stable and this couldn't happen but in our current understanding outstanding the higgs is not guaranteed to stay in its state right and you're saying that possibly maybe some of the things doing the LLC could maybe accidentally accidents caused that change what he what are you trying to warn is about. I'm uncomfortable with your change to the active voice here. They assume responsibility for what happens will any scenario where the higgs field is not totally able to Meta stable then you can ask like what could get it over that edge and down to the ocean to change the universe into a totally different Cardigan lists universe right without any bananas or anything and we don't really know but there are some ideas the number one is what about random fluctuation in that we talked about quantum tunneling talked about electrons in potential wells and they're trapped because they can't go over the lip but we talked about how they could get through. Reykjavik a tunnel through that barrier is sort of like water teleporting out of that lake and then flowing down the mountain that's possible and like a defeat itself could in some points in the universe change but then he would change back at one point in the universe with change and the thing his changes at one point than sort of nucleate and it triggers this threshold where it makes stuff around unstable so any point in the universe does this it spreads out at the speed of light and spreads out across like a water balloon right. You pop in one spot the rest of the spots not. GonNa hold the water. It's gone like if you get a little bit of the field to relax than that. Spreads falls the rest of the field to relax. How do you know that that's just what the map tells us you know that would that would spread it would spread yeah and so you. SORTA KINDA GOTTA keep the field stable everywhere all the time the kind of thing that makes me a little bit terrified. HAMATH tunneling. We've done the calculation of the chances of this come telling alling are very very small. According to our current understanding it should happen once in about ten to the one hundred and thirty nine years ten and with hundred and thirty nine Zeros which is a lot of Zeros remember. The Universe is current. Age is tend to the ten years so it's it's a very long time which means it's basically never. GonNa Happen so that's not something to worry about well it. Let's talk about kind of what would happen if it happens so you're saying that maybe something might cause or someone which we'll talk about next alien physician Manual Cardigan wearing Daniel. Why isn't it alien. Take the alien version of the physician. I'm the cartoonist in which case it wouldn't happen because all these are responsible altruistic responsible those on deadline at least they show up for the podcast say let's Tade we did something here and started to relax your earth like what would happen like the universe would collapse in that point would just be like a black black hole expanding what field the fuelling through the Michael Bay movie this happened. We know you the field collapses physics changes at that point and in the field around collapses in the field around collapses and so what's happening is that the laws the laws of physics of the universe are not fixed range as the field changes right and so like point one seconds into hit pause on my blu ray player. What am I seeing the special effects a shot there. I have no idea what this new form of the universe look like right like you know what would how would light travel. What kind of other things would move? I have no conception of what it would be like to be in that universe. the new universe like zero State Higgs Field Universe with spread red at the speed of light you could this pocket which grows and grows and grows and I have no idea would be like to be in that movie like spread of the speed of light spreads at the speed of light okay so it'd be it'd be a quick death for us. Yes that's right. You wouldn't have time to start panicking now pre panic. I'm Jewish so I knew that panicking. Actually works helps things. The universe responds panic. It's the only thing that can violate causality change things that have already happened. yeah exactly and one thing people worry about is maybe some very high density event. I Dunno like colliding protons at near the speed of light might trigger my sort of like give enough energy to this thing that it's slops over the edge and and get out of this Meta Meta stable region zero. If it happened here on earth I mean in the flash of light. Basically we would be gone yeah. We reportedly be totally different universe that starts from scratch. You think it'd be like their big bang or something. I mean our universe but it's like the next version of it right like he's. He's field is now. A different state and so- physics is different and so everything is different. It might be really boring. Universe or might be really fascinating. Complex with ours is right. me more rich like maybe you can do all sorts of crazy new kinds of physics. We never imagined you know our brains rely on this kind of physics and so we couldn't really exist in that the universe in a we wouldn't ever really enjoy it but you know the same argument that suggests that we are not endanger creating black holes holes that eat eat up the Earth or at the similar collisions happen all the time and have not created locals that same argument can be applied all right. Let's let's get into how physicists may or may not cause this Michael Bay movie to be become a reality that destroys reality but first. Let's take another quick break in.

higgs field Higgs Michael Bay Reykjavik Manual Cardigan Tade thirty nine years one seconds ten years
"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

11:53 min | 2 years ago

"higgs" Discussed on Daniel and Jorge Explain the Universe

"I have not yet destroyed the universe value introduce yourself every time hi I'm Daniel. I have not yet destroyed all of existence. That's right and that's true about everybody. If you're listening to this podcast and that is proof that the universe still exists that's right are worth every word we speech he'd be a word of covered at the universe is still at least where you are still happy. Always somebody's Internet goes out. They're going to think the university with somebody's listening to us and and that's their folks remember. The WIFI interruption is not the end of the universe. You will survive the end of my universe. Take if somebody's goes out. Do we stop existing here. Deep in the philosophy of Oh my goodness well welcome to our podcast Daniel Alan Horton. Do not destroy the universe yet or at least explain how we're not destroying the universe of iheartradio match right our podcast in which we think about things big and small explore the universe we find the craziest most mindblowing facts and we explained them to you in a way that makes you a chuckle a little bit and also come away with some deep understanding of the context of your existence and sometimes we talk about the really small things that can may be destroyed the really big things in the universe. One of my favorite things about physics is when you learn something new and you discover how the universe is like a little more fragile than I thought. What do you mean how old were you. What did you think the first time you learn that like the earth that we live on. Is just as like thin crust of rock floating on a massive ocean lava right all of a sudden. There doesn't appeal so stable to me right. Wow how I think I learned that just now thank you for totally giving me anxieties. Zaidi's now before or like are atmosphere is very thin shell of gas around huge planet. It could easily just blown away. Eh by some cataclysmic you know solar flare or something while I hadn't thought about those things but thank you yeah so sometimes you learn something about the the university gives you context it helps you understand that our situation here is maybe an accident or is a product of the particular arrangements of things and and physics tells tells you like what stable about the universe with dangerous about the universe what you should worry about what you shouldn't worry about. Yes it's not just the earth is sort of in a precarious balance. It's also I mean you're you're saying it's also reality itself. Possibly yeah you know as we peel back layers of reality understand how the universe works sometimes as we discover things like this seems to be sort of an accident you know and we never know whether things really are an accident or whether it's due to some sort of deeper understanding like back something we've talked about before is the relationship between the electron and the Proton right the charges those two particles exactly balance which means we can have hydrogen atoms in in Chemistry and Physics and bananas all sorts of good stuff. We don't know if that's an accident right. We don't know why that's that way. It's essential for life to happen but we don't know if it's that way for a reason in or if it's a coincidence as so sometimes we stumble across other things like that seem essential for life to be the way we wanted but maybe accidental and may also not be permanent imminent yeah and so one of those things is something that you might be familiar with. We're hoping if you're a listener of our podcast and today on the program we'll be asking the question will the Higgs Boson destroy the universe and I like the way you phrase is that because it means if the universe does get destroyed. It's the Higgs Bosons. Fault are particle physicists. GonNa blame it on the bows on. I'm sorry I meant down. I meant to blame you Dana White House now I hear government agents knocking on my door podcast iheartradio Hard Radio Dana will destroy the universe yes. This is a question I think it was all over the news back when they were looking for the Higgs bows on everyone was worried and concerned that you guys in Geneva Sern where maybe going to do something in your experiment that was going to cause are the demise of the earth like maybe you're either going to unlock something in the universe is going to swallow us all up and destroy the planet. That's right this sort of two totally different but both devastating concerns right one is when you collide two protons. Could you trigger really strong gravity and make microscopic black hole which could each stuff around it and grow and the whole earth. That's what people were people. Were trying to shut down. People sued L. A. C. There was court cases. We have to prove in court that but this is something reasonable to do and for those of you suddenly worried out there. There's no danger these kind of collisions that we do. Elliot see happen. All the time particles from space hit the earth hit the sun and they do not gray black hole the gobble the earth excuse Daniel. You're like everyone else. Around is has a nuclear bomb so therefore we should be able to tinker with a one new problem. Well you know actually when people set off the first nuclear bomb. They were worried by their worthy might ignite night. The atmosphere was a serious concern but they did it anyway but now they've done it. We know pretty well but blowing up a nuclear bomb doesn't ignite the atmosphere. I I think they did it. In secret. As soon as the republics of public is I wonder like did the physicist. Tell the government agents at that was a risk you know. Fill out a form you you know like. Oh if you're going to potentially ignite the atmosphere. Please fill out this. Please please feel these. Are Those are yeah so that's the concern number one which is not something that we thought about the physics we are not going to create a black hole which destroys earth we might create a black hole but it would evaporate very rapidly eat all sorts of fascinating fascinating insights about the universe right so you're saying the monster creates black holes. All the time is not that different than what you do and even if you do make one. It's GONNA evaporate. That's right because as these tiny black holes will disappear. They'll evaporate because the radio very quickly. That's the theory at least and you hear about that. I'm pretty sure I mean my family is on earth sewing join risking my family keeping the running and I'm pretty confident well. I've seen say that you would risk a lot as as as about the universe that's true incentivized good fracture of humanity alien. That's true family ninety nine percent which we talked about. There's a totally separate concern about whether not the earth will get destroyed but actually whether we could trigger a cataclysmic event which fundamentally changes the nature Churov the universe so it involved a higgs Boson and so you're telling me that. The Hague blows on might destroy the universe. Is this something that everyone knows you think there was some press about it a while ago but I was curious like are people worried that they might destroy the universe. Do people even remember what the Higgs is because it's been a little while since it got pressed breath stuff has happened since then and so I was curious. Do everyday people worry about whether I'm going to ruin the universe so I asked them so as usual. Daniel went out and ask people on the street if if they think the Higgs Boson will destroy the universe to think about it for a second if view have maybe heard of this news item or if you have thought about the Higgs Boson and precariousness of nature thing about it for a second. What would you ask her. If you were ask ask we'll the Higgs Boson. Destroy the universe. Here's what people had to say goes on destroying the universe now. I don't have anything to back that up. No I don't worried about that because the unknown ev you ever heard of the Higgs Boson no had done right now. I have a lot of ecstasy. Sensual worries now is the last name sounds familiar but no all right. People don't seem very concerned. I think it sounds like mostly because they know that he's on could destroy the universe. No and a lot of people hadn't even heard of the Hague's bows on which can felt like physics has the relaxed too much. We had our big thing with the Higgs Boson in two thousand twelve. We gotta get back in the news. 'CAUSE WE'RE GONNA get on that branding. Where is the PR Department apartment. I gotTA talk to them. No people weren't really very familiar with the higgs and nobody was worried that the Higgs boson would destroy the universe at least until I ask them this question and then they started googling googling it and now maybe they're a little worried okay so you're telling me Daniel did the Hicks something about the Higgs Boson could potentially destroy the universe to let's stay. Let's instead threat first of all. It's maybe recap for our listeners. What the Heck's booze on is yeah so the Higgs Boson particle discovered at the Elliott Seen Twenty twelve last particle ever found so far and he completes the standard model and an answer to really interesting question which is where does mass come from. We talk on this podcast. What is a particle and we think these dots in space but you have to ask like. Where is the mass of the particle? If something is tiny dot where to get its mass and not so so much about like where we're where does it come from or what get it. It's like particles. Have this thing and it's more like how does how does it manifest itself in the universe like how how do we what gives you that feeling of mass and it's also a question of patterns like we look at all the particles and they all have different masses. This was a lot is when it's a little but they're all the same size. It's not like they have more stuff to them. Wondering why do these particles have this massive particle the other mass for example talk in another podcast about the the the weak nuclear force and electromagnetism which are fundamentally the same thing but the weak nuclear forces really weak because the particles that carry it have a lot of mass and the photon has no mass which is why electromagnetism is so powerful so this is sort of the question that led to the Discovery Higgs is what some of these particles have mass and some of them don't what's the mechanism there and it turns out the answer is this higgs field this invisible thing that fills space or an interact with some of these particles in different ways and the higgs bows on is a manifestation of that field like when parts if you'll get really excited that appears as like a ripple in that field which we interpret as a Higgs Boson right to physical things the field and the Bozon itself which is the particle right and they were discovered at different times right like people people businesses came up with the Higgs Field I to kind of make all the equations in the universe work do higgs makes sense ends naming choice there. I feel if we could do better. I mean Peter Higgs. He did this thing. He did. His laying any deserves it but you might. Maybe call it the field but that'd be a better name. Yeah I think that would be hard to be more instructive pan explanation thing that gives things beds cod card to Mansfield massive build the mass giving field yeah desert view because things that's what people immediately associate. I'm sure sure up so yes so that is the whole universe is permeated by this feel which is like would you describe a field is is just kind of like a aura of out there right or well thank you. I don't know how would you describe the field. Somebody that's a great question when their whole episode about what is quantum field and a field is just It's a physical thing has a value everywhere in spaced like an electric field right is strong here and there the gravitational field view is strong here and we kind.

Higgs Bosons Peter Higgs higgs Boson Daniel Alan Horton Higgs Field Chemistry and Physics Dana White House Zaidi physicist Elliot L. A. C. Geneva Sern Bozon Elliott Hicks ninety nine percent
"higgs" Discussed on The Ezra Klein Show

The Ezra Klein Show

01:36 min | 2 years ago

"higgs" Discussed on The Ezra Klein Show

"We'll live in a reality tunnel but reality tunnel is not reality. It's what you think reality is okay. It's just a model but being a model. It's it's smaller smaller and not one hundred percent accurate and and there are places where it doesn't quite match the the the thing is supposed to represent loucas poncho oncho on the vox media podcast network. This is a trip of conversation it just is of i ran into this guy. John higgs his work. He's a british journalist. It got recommended to me on podcast which i mentioned in here and i got turned onto a book of his called calif chaos magic music money and it blew my mind a bit. It was just one of the strangest that most intellectually interesting books. I've read in this year years <hes> and then i began working my way through higgs his work. I i read his biography. Timothy leary korea have america surrounded stranger than we can imagine his history of the twentieth century and he's brilliant strange thinker and this is a weird tour through the things he thinks about but you will see very much why it is spoken to be so much. It is just right on the mission of this podcast. This is one of those conversations. I don't know how to describe how will not try try but it is worth your time and if you remain open to it there's a lot of great frames for thinking about the world and at least <hes> frames were thinking about as you move through the world as always my email client show at vox dot com again as clench at box dot com here is john hicks..

John higgs vox media Timothy leary korea john hicks america one hundred percent
"higgs" Discussed on The End of the World with Josh Clark

The End of the World with Josh Clark

01:49 min | 2 years ago

"higgs" Discussed on The End of the World with Josh Clark

"The move itself up the hill to the other side energy that the puddle doesn't have. So the Higgs field won't be moving up the hill. But there's another way that it could slide into that lower energy state unnervingly, the Higgs is constantly trying to tunnel through that metaphorical hill to get to the lower valley on the other side. And this attempt to tunnel through comes in the form of indescribably small pockets of this other lower energy version of the Higgs field that at every moment bubble up from it like a simmering pot, but these lower energy Higgs bubbles are too weak to overcome the external pressure. Our universities Erz on them. So they wink out of existence. Just as fast as they arise. The trouble is if one of those lower energy bubbles ever does manage to stick around long enough to stabilize and grow. It would swallow our universe and bring about that vacuum decay that Coleman and delusion wrote about in disintegrate our version of the universe. It would be a big crunching deal. You could say. But probability is on our side under normal circumstances. The chances of one of those lower energy version bubbles growing are so low it's not expected to happen over the estimated lifetime of our universe. So we appear to be in the clear again, though, that's under normal circumstances. We humans have tendency to alter normal circumstances. And there's a way that the Higgs field can pose an anthropogenic existential threat a vacuum. Bubble could grow with the help of microscopic black hole, which we might actually create inside one of our particle collider's here owner..

Higgs Coleman