29 Burst results for "Herbert Hoover"

The Bonus Army

True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

05:54 min | Last week

The Bonus Army

"Welcome to kiss myths and mysteries. I'm your host Kit crumb today the mystery of the Bonus Army July twenty eighth nineteen thirty two will mark the eighth anniversary of one of the most controversial protests in US history and yet it remains virtually unknown to most Americans. On, that day nineteen, thirty, two, five, hundred, US army infantrymen loaded rifles, fixed bayonets, gas grenades containing of vomited ingredient two, hundred cavalry, a machine gun squadron eight, hundred police and six M One, nine, thousand, nine, hundred seventeen army tanks prepared to attack seventeen hundred unarmed men plus thousands of their wives and children moments before the Assault General Douglas Smith Garth in charge of the operation turned. To police officers standing next to him and said, I will break the back of the enemy. The attack was ordered by President Herbert Hoover and commanded by General Macarthur Dwight D Eisenhower was MacArthur's aide and Major. General George. S, Patton led the tank unit after donning gas masks the tossed hundreds of tear-gas grenades into the encampment which started raging fires and the assault drove all but the. Occupants of the area in Kampman was then burned to the ground. This wasn't Cuba the Philippines or the Mexican border. But in Washington DC The camp nicknamed Hoover Ville occupied by World War One veterans who were living in tents and shanties across the country and they're also in their encampment in DC with crumbling buildings all around them along Pennsylvania Avenue near the capital if your education was anything like mine, there wasn't any mention of this event. In history class four, million vets had returned from the war. This is World War One was the war to end all wars and found that others had taken their jobs that are considerably higher wage than though one dollar per day soldiers pay an expected more help from the government in nineteen twenty four Congress promised World War One veterans a bonus payment. I'll dollar twenty five for each day of overseas service and a dollar for every day of. Home Service there would be a limit of six hundred, twenty five dollars for overseas service and five hundred for Home Service but the catch twenty two was that it could not be redeemed until nineteen forty five cash quickly dubbed at the tombstone bonus because many of them would be dead before collecting with the Great Depression deepening demands for making an immediate payment we're escalating finally bill was passed, but President Hoover vetoed it in response some three hundred. Veterans led by Ex Sergeant Walter waters boarded a freight train in Portland Oregon in early May nineteen, thirty, two and headed. For Washington DC. Soon, others began their pilgrimage the cat to the capital from across the country and dilapidated buses overcrowded pickup trucks by walking hitch-hiking the vets and their families were in desperate financial shape with overdue bills to pay hunger affections hanging over their heads. They demanded immediate payment of the bonus soon, known as a bonus. Between Seventeen Thousand and twenty five thousand trekkers began arriving on May twenty third nineteen, thirty, two, assuming their demands wouldn't be met anytime soon, they proceeded to set up a long-term presence in order fashion they mapped out streets named for states, Setup Library and post office, a barber shop and a military type sanitation approach appointed MP's to keep order publish their own cap newspaper and even organized evening. Vaudeville shows. Some ten thousand other vets occupied partially demolished government buildings that surrounded the main camp between the capital and the White House. Extremely Patriotic. That's insisted on American flag fly over every tent and Shanti further as Roy. Wilkins than a young reporter with a press pass road. There was only one absentee in the Cap James Crowe get it Jim Crow. The entire massive undertaking was one in which blacks applied shared everything. Together, during world, War One, the military was still segregated as was Anacostia Park when the marchers arrived the vets who had fought a war together deliberately decided to live side by side and set up in the black section of the park. This fact alone may have led some people to fear the movement General Macarthur's most trusted subordinate Brigadier General. George Van Horn Moseley portrayed black and white veterans living together. As proof that Negroes Jewish communist were planning a revolution in truth radicals and Communists were dismissed by the veterans and were never serious element in the movement. The veterans those were still alive didn't receive their bonuses until nineteen, forty five keep in mind that many. World War One vets had died by then and families were not eligible for the bonus. The ravages of the Great Depression continued until World War Two. Today. We have a confluence of factors including the federal government's failure to protect US citizens for the Cobra virus and pandemic machine fiscal austerity in the face of another great depression a newly transparent institutional racism that has provided an unparalleled opportunity to replicate the bonus army's action in the nation's capital this time on an unprecedented scale depth and breadth of

United States President Herbert Hoover General Macarthur Assault Washington Home Service General George George Van Horn Moseley Douglas Smith Garth General Macarthur Dwight D Eis White House Ex Sergeant Walter Waters Cuba Kampman Patton Oregon Congress DC
Summerwind Mansion

Haunted Places

06:59 min | 3 months ago

Summerwind Mansion

"Inland Lakes Wisconsin just south of the state's border with Michigan there was once a house on West Bay Lake a Victorian built in the nineteen tents, surrounded by Scrub Oak, and then northern Pines, it once held twenty rooms. The property was initially used as a rustic resort before it was renovated into a stately mansion by civil engineer and businessman Robert Lamont in nineteen sixteen. Lamont his wife Helen Gertrude would vacation there during the nineteen twenty s, and through his tenure as President Herbert hoovers secretary of Commerce during the Great Depression. The Lamont's called their home summer wind. Lamont left the President Service in nineteen, thirty, two likely withdrawing to the mansion to recuperate after an exhausting and in many ways fruitless effort to pull the United States out of its economic spiral. According to a frequently repeated legend, the couple was having dinner in the houses kitchen one night when the door to the basement shook itself. Revealing the spectral form of a man. Lamont panicked in fired two shots as the door swung shot leaving two bullet holes in the door. Perhaps it was this experience that caused the couple to flee the house. The details of when and why the Lamont sold their property are unclear. What is now is that by the time Lamont died in nineteen, forty eight summer win belong to the Keefer family who also used it as a vacation getaway. Unfortunately the Kiefer's experienced many misfortunes in summer wind, according to one story Mr Keefer passed away in less than a year after they purchased the house, leaving his wife in despair and dire financial trouble. Across the three decades, the Kiefer's haunted. The house deteriorated with neglect, and its land was eventually subdivided and offered up for sale. However many of the buyers were allegedly forced to back out the last minute because of sudden financial disasters. The unlucky house kept returning to the Kiefer's. In the early nineteen seventies, a family of eight moved into the home with the promise of renovating it. The darkness of summer wind would terrorize arnold ginger, hinshaw and their six children. Fracturing their bonds and their sense of safety forever A. Birdie was almost seven years old. She knew she was too old to be sneaking door. Parents bed anymore, even if this house was old and weird. The door's stuck so hard that she was sure that one of her older brothers must have glued them shut Bryan probably. A few hours. It would open on its own. The curtains disappeared off the walls. Windows flew open and slammed shut in the middle of the night. But she was growing up. She could deal with all this. Until, it wasn't just the House that was acting strangely. Their Father Arnold had been angrier than usual. She tried to give her allowance to see if that would cheer him up. But he only side and gone back to his organ. She hated the organ. It was big and it sounded like there was an owl, stuck inside crying out for someone to save him from the hollow tubes. Every song her father played was dark and sad. It made her think of thunderstorms and the boogie man that her brother Brian had tried to convince her was the real cause of all the trouble. But birdie new Brian, was wrong. She took Brian's dare to look under the bed, but she didn't see the monstrous. You'll allies a long toothed man with a dusty top hat. No. When she looked under the bed. She was met by the soft gaze of a woman. Her name was Mathilde and she only wanted to sit with the family at dinner because her family had gone away. birdies parents didn't like when Birdie said this, but it was true. It was important for them to know that Matilda didn't mean to impose. Birdie was glad to have mathilde with her that night. When the radiator shrieked to the wind held the sometimes invisible woman held the little girl's hand, she pushed against the heavy door that led to Birdie's parents fromm. Six lumps protruded from the sheets like old covered furniture. It was her family all safely nestled together in the same bed. Aside from her father of course, who was banging away at the Oregon downstairs. birdie crawled in alongside her siblings, asking Mathilde to watch out for them. Matilda gave a small not. Birdie closed her eyes and tried to sleep. But the organ wouldn't let her it. Screech didn't squawked and couldn't help but picture the owl with gaping wound, flapping its wings and trying to escape. Her mother ginger pulled her in tight. birdie filter is grow heavy as the tears started to dry her cheeks. She didn't want to sleep. She needed to know what would happen with the Oregon. But Matilda held her hand and sleep took her in the end. Two hands grabbed onto birdie shelters her I shot open and she screamed. In the darkness, the whites of her father's eyes glow. Is Features look bigger rounder almost like the ghost. She'd been for Halloween. Huge wide is antic keeping mouth. Birdie rubbed her eyes. He shook her a little harder than before. Ginger woke up beside her and asked what was going on. Arnold, let go birdie and clapped his hands with excitement. He found something he said. Birdie pulled the covers over her head. She wasn't interested in show and tell right now they could do that later. A rush of cold air grasp at birdies skin as her father pulled away the top sheet. But till the stood behind shelter, Birdie asked her if things would be all right, but till the sugar head gently. Birdie wasn't sure what she meant. Birdie climbed out of the big bed. Her feet clenched as they touch the floor. Everything, in the house was so cold. She turned to watch your mom. Wake up all the other kids. She didn't get why her data Wilkin her up. I. He should have gone an order then she could have slept more.

Birdie Lamont Arnold Ginger Matilda Robert Lamont Kiefer Mathilde Oregon United States Brian President Herbert Hoovers Mr Keefer Engineer Inland Lakes Wisconsin Michigan President Service Scrub Oak Northern Pines West Bay Lake
Cuomo: Coronavirus is not just a "blue state" issue

10 10 WINS 24 Hour News

01:17 min | 5 months ago

Cuomo: Coronavirus is not just a "blue state" issue

"And president trump suggested that it would be unfair to give coronavirus relief monies to the blue states like New York and that has both the governor and the mayor seeing red they took verbal slamming took turns today verbally slamming the president with the theme that he's turning his back on his own state in the name of politics ten ten wins newsmen Darius Reggie is with our story tonight every day president trump resembles more and more Herbert Hoover the president who ignored the Great Depression the trump administration and Senate Republicans get scolded first by mayor de Blasio then by governor Cuomo all the craziness that we've watched in Washington all the politics that we've seen in Washington all the dysfunction that we've seen in Washington now it is unacceptable both the mayor and governor reacting to recent comments made by president trump about aid to New York I woke up this has a nice states a former New Yorker who seems to enjoy a stabbing his hometown in the back talking about no bail out for New York governor Cuomo says the federal response to the front of ours crisis must not be partisan it takes two to tango it takes two houses to pass a bill Cuomo says it could only be done with leadership from the

Donald Trump New York President Trump Darius Reggie Herbert Hoover Mayor De Blasio Washington Senate Governor Cuomo Bill Cuomo
Making Do

Your Brain on Facts

09:36 min | 6 months ago

Making Do

"Dissolve one packet of Lemon Jello in one can or one cubes worth of Beef Bouillon. Add lemon juice and allowed to cool. Add three hard boiled eggs diced. One Cup diced celery. Half an onion grated one cup miracle whip and one can of corn beef chopped chill until set slice and serve congratulations. You've just made corned beef luncheon salad. My Name's Moxy and this is your brain on facts. Use It up where it out make it do were do without my grandmother would say. I thought that was clever saying from her side of the family but it was actually a slogan from World War Two encouraging the public to use fewer resources so more could be diverted to the war effort. We're all getting a taste of that as we're hunker down unable to shop at the spur of the moment and much more limited in our choices when we do thankfully we do have precedent to fall back on after all people are still alive today it through the Great Depression children. The roaring twenties came to an abrupt stop with the Stock Market Crash of Nineteen Twenty nine which saw billions of dollars evaporated into thin air. The crash wasn't the sole cause of the Great Depression. There were things like the dust bowl wherein incorrect farming methods turned the fertile American planes into a desert but the crash did act to accelerate the global economic collapse by nineteen thirty three. Nearly half of America's banks failed and thirty percent of the workforce was unemployed. You had to make the most of what you had and you had to get good at that fast to women. Help struggling homemakers to be able to feed their families. Eleanor Roosevelt an aunt. Sammy beginning in nineteen twenty. Six and Sammy had a popular weekday. Radio show called housekeepers chat about cooking and other domestic concerns as well as chitchatting about whatever else was going on at the time and Sammy was very popular especially in rural areas. Thousands of people wrote into her for recipes by nineteen thirty to one hundred and ninety four stations broadcast aunt. Sammy show and she published aunt. Sammy's radio recipes. Parenthetically the Great Depression Cookbook. It would be the first cookbook published in Braille. Interestingly enough though I struggle to think of how difficult it would be to cook on wood or old timey gas stove without good eyesight on Sammy's recipes. Were meant to be simple healthy and easy to cook. She's even credited with helping Broccoli. Find widespread acceptance prior to which it was only found in insular Italian neighborhoods and Sammie helped many wives and mothers through the Great Depression but once that was over then country was back on its feet. People lost interest. The show was cancelled sometime in the nineteen forties. Though sources don't agree when exactly. There's one other fact about aunt Sammy. That's worth mentioning. She didn't exist in the latter half of the twentieth. The Department of Agriculture Bureau of Home Economics created a wife for uncle. Sam The on creatively named Aunt Sammy. The character was voiced by different women at each individual radio station that way the listener would hear an accent similar to their own and feel more connected to aunt Sammy. Three women worked behind the scenes at the USDA to prepare the script each week that all the regional aunt. Sammy's would use fanny Walker. Contested Recipes Josephine. Harmful wrote the chatty portions of the show and Ruth Fan demine coordinated all of the Menus and recipes. The other woman who guided homemakers through was the very real first lady. Eleanor Roosevelt. When Franklin Roosevelt entered the White House in Nineteen thirty three? A record number of people were hungry but being president is not without its perks and the first family eight well even extravagantly while people stood inbred lines. Eleanor Roosevelt. Who didn't know how to cook realized that the way she and the president ate in the White House had the potential to influence and even help the nation through the depression. She hired an acquaintance. Henrietta Nesbitt whose husband was out of work to be the new White House housekeeper housekeeper at that time more like how we use the term homemaker today and not as we use a euphemism for cleaning lady. Nesbitt and Roosevelt retooled the entire kitchen installing modern appliances and coaxing the skeptical White House staff to use them. This was the first kitchen in America and it wasn't even sanitary recalled. Nesbitt in her memoir. Meanwhile Eleanor turn to home economists for menus that would balance nutrition and economy the healthiest recipes in the world wouldn't help people if they couldn't afford the ingredients what's more she resolved to serve these humble dishes in the White House. Her efforts were covered by national newspapers and followed closely by housewives. There was a catch. These nutritious economic meals were awful. The first kitchen was turning out some of the most unpalatable meals in modern memory. The president himself was usually the test subject for these new dishes and he obligingly choked them down. Things like deviled eggs with tomato sauce and prune pudding in place of lavish dishes. The White House table was the stage for things like Spaghetti with boiled carrots. Cold jellied billion and bread and butter sandwiches served so much mutton that being grown sheep which is cheaper than lamb. Because it's much tougher that it became a joke throughout Washington. The first lady experimented with foods like milk corno a mix of dried milk powder and cornmeal developed by Cornell University milk. Porno could be eaten as a gruel like dish or worked into recipes. I was not brave enough to research. What those recipes might be. The bland meals became so notorious that visitors to the White House would eat before they went nutrition. Not Taste was paramount in the time of soup. Kitchens and bread lines and eleanor. Roosevelt was trying to use her table as a way of encouraging and inspiring other Americans to get through this uniquely challenging historical moment. It was just as well they got used to eating a limited range of food because FDR's presidency also included World War Two and the Roosevelt's eight rationed food just like everyone else Roosevelt's White House eight modestly in an act of culinary solidarity with the people who were suffering. Jane's Eagle men. The CO author of a square meal told The New York Times. Here's a sampling of menu items. The first family and the public general might have enjoyed in massive bunny ears spaghetti with carrots and white sauce. The sauce was basically just milk. Meatless loaf made with peace oatmeal peanuts. Rice and or cottage cheese. Whatever you could get your hands on Mulligan's stew any animal. You could kill or find dead with whatever veggies you could manage or anything. That would keep hungry. They for a few hours without killing you like sawdust. It was reportedly created by the massive homeless population during the depression. Where people in homeless or migrant worker camps would pool their resources so that everyone could eat none of my sources mentioned where the name Mulligan might have come from. We do know the name origin of another STU. Hoover Stu Herbert Hoover had been elected just in time for the crash. But Unlike the Roosevelt's he continued to live the good life in the White House. Shantytowns BECAME HOOVER. Villes and the soup from soup. Kitchens became hoover stu the weirdest one of all and this report is opinion was peanut butter in baked. Onions was a whole onion hollowed out stuffed with peanut butter and baked. Just because we have two things on hand doesn't mean we should eat them at the same time as Eagle men succinctly put it. Peanut butter has nothing to say to a baked onion. Some recipes sound like they shouldn't work but surprisingly do like mock Apple Pie. Apples weren't readily available. But Americans weren't willing to give up their conic Apple Pie. The apples in mock apple pie were actually Ritz crackers and it worked. If you're not already familiar with Youtuber Emmy made in Japan. I'll link her hard time series in the show notes and on the website. She all kinds of dishes from times of deprivation including hot water pie grapefruit. Peel steak toast soup. And even the Haitian dirt cookies which you can hear more about in episode number ninety four. My name is mud while we can be grateful that recipes like ketchup soup and peanut butter and mayonnaise. Sandwiches are behind us. Some food created during the depression is still with us. Meatloaf is a comfort food classic and shaping food into loaves go to during the Great Depression. The same goes for casseroles which were a good way to use up odds and ends or to mask less palatable ingredients the depression also gave us the mother of all comfort. Food Kraft Macaroni and cheese or kraft dinner for my friends up. North in Nineteen thirty seven craft heard about a salesman from the tender Roni. Macaroni Company of Saint Louis. A Scottish emigrant aimed grant Leslie going rogue and selling his noodles with packets of greeted kraft cheese attached. They hired him to promote the concept and started selling it for nineteen cents for four servings.

Eleanor Roosevelt Aunt Sammy White House Depression Franklin Roosevelt President Trump Great Depression Cookbook America Stu Herbert Hoover Henrietta Nesbitt Sammie Hoover Washington Cornell University Mulligan Department Of Agriculture Bure
Pandemic Causes Shockwaves Through World Economy

The New Yorker Radio Hour

09:29 min | 6 months ago

Pandemic Causes Shockwaves Through World Economy

"We're talking this hour about the corona virus code nineteen and how it is ripping through every facet of our world alongside the risk of infection or even death the pandemic is causing shockwaves throughout the world economy so many people have already lost their jobs and many many more are likely to lose them in the weeks ahead on the other side of this pandemic whenever we get there are world may look very different indeed staff writer John Cassidy covers economics and politics for The New Yorker hi John I did John I well first I should ask has your family how's everybody doing everything is good at the moment thank you very much for asking good now I know this is early days but is there any back of the envelope calculation about how many people are likely to lose their jobs because of the situation the treasury secretary Steve Mnuchin has said is could go up to twenty percent where you're coming to look at this I've been speaking in the last couple days they think read because the lockdowns and all the other impacts consumer spending could fall by as much as a third in the next few months I thank you for your help through the economy consumer spending about two thirds of the entire economy attributes hates I think you just got through ensuring placement decisions we got some very large unemployment numbers as you said Mnuchin's talking about twenty percent unemployment he will be back truck rather than saying it was only a mathematical calculation but I spoke to an economic historian yesterday are you like a grain of the Berkeley is an expert on the Great Depression and he told me that the economic impact of the covered nineteen buyers is likely to be bigger than the Great Depression in the initial stages were used in the Great Depression it took three or four years you get up to a twenty five percent unemployment we're talking about going to twenty percent unemployment in a few months there really is something out completely out of the order of anything we've seen in the past who's going to get hit the hardest with sectors of the economy are likely to be hit really especially hard well everybody great interest to it ultimately if the economy totally spirals down but in the first instance it's what they call a consumer facing industries because consumers look like they're going to get locked in our problems in a lot of and what about cities for the foreseeable future I'm doing a sensual consumption food and drinks and things like that will it will even be open so it looks like gig workers L. I'm workers anybody in transportation anybody in hotels in tyre sector looks like it's going to be devastating parts already is being devastated have any modern economies ever had to grapple with the vast majority of business essentially seizing up stopping in whole regions of the country for weeks at a time yes Sir Christian zero very I can read more on economic political not economic historian at Berkeley yesterday and he said he couldn't think of any precedent whatsoever for a while we're going through now people point to the blood test with those I can green said in a very different type of economy much wall wall and different time completely how does it compare to two thousand and eight this is much bigger than two thousand eight in two thousand that we had a shock in the financial system you'll recall basically the bank sees doctor but the consumer sector it starts to fall did stop to folks around from start to lay people off those big increasing unemployment in late two thousand eight and early two thousand nine hundred right went up to ten percent eventually you know that's nothing like what we're seeing now practically regard the government government imposed shut down of you know fifty percent of the economy and I will talk to you all of that and you know closing down the economy is a deliberate strategy here it's not bad it's not necessarily a bad thing we have to close down the economy to some extent in all to get a handle on the fires then once we get a handle on the virus we can re open things and directly you know they'll come by could be relatively lucky so the government's role is to basically keep everybody and all the people on life support while wearing the sort of intensive care unit and then we'll get out your website we can replace some of the loans we can you know get things back to normal but it it really occurred in percentage ratio of the stock I think it's a sort of economic life corporation what we need what's your level of confidence in the economic minds that are running things in in Washington okay that's a bit of a loaded question obviously they initial reaction was it was terrible I mean we even until last week they were just talking about this sort of eight billion dollars stimulus which in that twenty one trillion dollar economy option nothing I think they are a collapse in the markets and what we've seen and it's already has concentrated minds and of the last few days we're starting to see some real progress in economic thinking at least for the federal reserve data over the weekend was very important just to provide the following financial crash their grace their gold out a lot of the lending programs were introduced in two thousand and eight people don't like the sight of the fact you know lending unlimited amounts of money to the banks and X. financial institutions but it really is necessary in that area the situation like this otherwise the financial markets will just seize up and then the other side of things is the fiscal side on out of the White House is pasted on a one hundred and eighty U. turn of the last few days and it's not proposing a trillion dollar stimulus including sending checks of at least a thousand dollars to people providing some sort of help to small business isn't gonna make that payrolls bailing out the airlines with loans or whatever and it should get a reasonable size pocket you truly intelligent but by the same despite a logical nearby most in the US in two thousand and nine my own feeling is that's not going to be sufficient I thought but at least it's a first step what about what about the guy who's got a gig job loses it what about people that are put out of work very quickly because they have a four day week job at an airport or an uber driver what can the government do for ordinary people who are hugely immediately affected economically by this crisis well I I've written allow to go saying we should adopt runs you Yangs universal basic income or a few months and just seven people everybody in the country a check for a thousand dollars every month all may be a great head of wholesale to check for fifteen hundred dollars level everybody or based on need dot art well the administration is not proposing one thousand dollars which I don't think we'll be sufficient on right back cutting off millions of people in a million dollars you're trying to cut it off that's fine I think it has to be pretty universal in order to help everybody and also it's it's just got in a universal political support I think the idea of the of the after government supporting everybody would be politically popular and would also help should get support from the other nasty but sort of necessary things that you're going to have to be done including provided financial support search of big corporations as you remember well John there was a lot of political backlash to the bailouts that took place in the last financial crisis what will be the politics of economic policy going forward the trump administration is going to bail out some of the big operations including the airline's you're already seeing quite a lot of backlash or not good luck finding out that the last ten years yeah I want to ask a lot of money and they use a lot of it's a buy back their own stock which benefits that CEOs junior executives who have large stock executive compensation packages so why the heck should we should we buy a lot we scandals the answer as I said is that your when they are becoming a re opens in whatever September we're gonna need a lunch and if you go into bankruptcy it's gonna take a long time so that we organized and set up that structure so I think the there's gonna have to bring some by lots of question is how they structure yeah I think a lot of it's going to depend on the height of the bail out packages are structured in their lines for example in the request which they submitted to the administration are asking for unconditional love IT loans not secured by any assets which is are you not able you know to try to get along the bank that's very difficult to get I think that would be a complete unreasonable to do that alone should be secured on the assets of the company all the airlines likely that planes in the landing slots that structure so if they can't repay the loans the taxpayer would then change the online assets on the day some degree of safety there that actually is what happened during the Great Depression the reconstruction finance corporation which Herbert Hoover mutually shut up and then from ten to launder legible expanded greatly lend a lot of money to the banks which are in terrible trouble under the railroads which were the avalanche of trying but it's secure all those loans on the rolling stock on the tracks that structure of the road so that was some degree of security that I think just the right thing to do it and I think you know that you are get public support that's what we're going to have to go down that route this time I think John thank you

Trump calls himself "wartime president" over coronavirus pandemic

WBZ Morning News

00:33 sec | 6 months ago

Trump calls himself "wartime president" over coronavirus pandemic

"President trump calling himself a wartime president as his administration talks about a trillion dollar stimulus package president trump gives his coronavirus response of top rated rated at ten I think we've done a great job for New York City mayor bill de Blasio is taking great exception blasting trump is a throwback president trump at this point is the Herbert Hoover of his generation there's a massive national crisis going on and he is consistently late laws you appearing on CNN calling for the immediate deployment of military medical units by the way Herbert Hoover was president at the start of the Great

Donald Trump President Trump Bill De Blasio Herbert Hoover CNN New York City
New York City considering stay-at-home order

10 10 WINS 24 Hour News

01:26 min | 6 months ago

New York City considering stay-at-home order

"Still don't have a shelter in place order this morning in New York City but the mayor says he is still thinking about it with the number of confirmed coronavirus cases in the city up to one thousand eight hundred seventy one and eleven deaths up from ten yesterday the mers also not happy with the president's as John Montone reports live from city hall this morning John LA mayor de Blasio is not backing down saying look what San Francisco has done it's very clear rules about staying home with only minimal activity get rid of all nonessential work ended in a CNN interview do Blasi evoking the Great Depression call the president bar Herbert Hoover of this generation there's a massive national crisis going on and he is consistently late and and very you know marginal and what he does he's taking actions that are far far behind the curve the governor Cuomo is still not embracing shelter in place but he has ordered businesses across the state to keep their on site work force to no more than fifty percent of personnel and if you're looking for some good news sorry I think it is much more widespread than any of these numbers suggest

New York City Mers President Trump John Montone Blasio San Francisco Blasi Herbert Hoover Cuomo John La CNN
"herbert hoover" Discussed on Newsradio 700 WLW

Newsradio 700 WLW

01:35 min | 6 months ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on Newsradio 700 WLW

"The virus may be hitting more younger people than previously expected Dr Deborah Burke's telling a White House briefing she's worried about a growing number of severe cold with nineteen cases in younger European adults may be disproportional number of infections among that group and so even if it's a rare occurrence it may be seen more frequently in that group yet another reason health officials urging millennials to skip the spring break and other clothes gatherings Andy field ABC news Washington here in New York City mayor bill de Blasio calling on the president to immediately deploy U. S. military medical units here president trump at this point is the Herbert Hoover of his generation there's a massive national crisis going on and he is consistently laid the Blasi on CNN Herbert Hoover was U. S. president when the Great Depression of the thirties was getting started Richard Cantu ABC news radio seven hundred WLW sports the Bengals update bagels have agreed to terms with offensive lineman Xavier Su'a-Filo on a three year deal worth ten million dollars six year veteran started twelve of nineteen games he played the last two seasons with the cowboys at left guard the Bengals releasing two players yesterday quarter C. W. Webb Ave twelve starts last season also guard John Miller after he was let go Miller then signed with the Panthers and a one year deal worth four million dollars former Bengals first round pick etcetera go boy he is signing with the Seattle Seahawks the rams are giving left tackle and former Bengal Andrew Whitworth a three year deal worth thirty million.

Panthers Richard Cantu CNN New York City ABC Andy White House Bengal Andrew Whitworth rams Seattle Seahawks Dr Deborah Burke John Miller cowboys Xavier Su'a-Filo Bengals Herbert Hoover president bill de Blasio
How Did White House Press Briefings Go From Daily to Done?

BrainStuff

05:23 min | 8 months ago

How Did White House Press Briefings Go From Daily to Done?

"Brain. GRAINSTUFF Lauren Bogle bomb here in January of Twenty Twenty bestselling novelist Stephen King and Don winslow took to twitter to make a surprising pledge. They offered to donate two hundred thousand dollars to charity. If Stephanie Grisham the Press Secretary for President Donald Trump agreed to take questions from the full White House. Press Corps for one hour. You're in the White House. Press briefing room. The offer reportedly was rejected by Grisham. WHO's since taking the job in June of two thousand nineteen has yet to hold even one former former White House press briefing? Her views expressed an interview with these sinclair. Broadcast Group is that the briefings are unnecessary because reporters get opportunities to put questions to trump himself sometimes over the roar of the presidential helicopter on the White House lawn for the time being at least the trump administration has abandoned what had been in an important part of White House. Press Corps is routine dating back to the late eighteen hundreds before the official position of White House. Press Secretary even existed. That's when President William McKinley. Kenley set up a workspace in the White House for reporters and sent his first personal secretary. John Addison Porter to give the correspondence what the White House Historical Association notes. where I'm I more or less regular briefings? The White House press briefing gradually evolved into a formal event from the time of president. Herbert Hoover in the late nineteen twenties and early thirties. He's to Linden Johnson's tenure in the mid to late sixties White House press secretary's held twice a day briefing sessions in their own offices according to Martha Joint Kumar Book managing the president's message the White House Communications Operation Richard Nixon though no fan of the press still thought the briefings were important enough that he had a swimming pool torn out so that he could convert the space into a meeting room for briefings. That area is now known as the James S. Brady press briefing room in honor of president. Ronald Reagan's press secretary who was seriously wounded during the attempt. On Reagan's life in Nineteen eighty-one during Bill Clinton's time in the White House in the nineteen nineties. Press Secretary Mike. McCurry decided to allow the daily press briefings to be televised that practice continued until the trump white house began barring cameras from briefings in two thousand seventeen before discontinuing them altogether. Oh we spoke by email but former C. N. N. White House correspondent Dan Lowthian who spent five years covering the Bush and Obama administrations. He said I think the briefings were useful full for a number of reasons. First of all it was an opportunity to get the White House response or thinking on an issue on camera rather than a written statement it allowed us to gang up on them around a question they might have been trying to avoid showing them dodge. An answer is sometimes the news briefings also put statements on the record for later. Comparison finally finally every now and then there would be breaking news and as happened after Osama bin Laden was caught lots of great details even if some turned out not to be true. Lowthian Dan who went on to found little park media and to become a visiting scholar at the School of Journalism at Northeastern University recalls that the format for the briefings was fairly constant. He said there was a certain order to who got called on briefings always started with the Associated Press and ended with a thank you from the Associated Press once in a while the press secretary would mix it up a bit but it usually happened around the same time each day and questions from the first two rows came in order. We also spoke by email with Tom. Tom Jones a senior media writer for the POYNTER Institute. A journalism education organization. He said while it's true that the president and his representatives often make themselves available bowl in informal settings such as the White House lawn. It's not the same as press. Briefings the format of shouting out questions under the sound of a whirling helicopter is not conducive to asking complicated policy questions nor pertinent. Follow up questions. The frenzied free for all of these much too brief informal interviews make it much harder to get into the topics. What's that require nuance and specifics? It's so much easier for the president to brush aside or ignore questions. He doesn't like when he's walking along the White House grounds when he or one of his representatives representatives are standing behind a podium a controlled setting they must face the questions that require long substantive answers as opposed to the one or two short sentences that suffice in those informal formal settings let view essentially is shared by a group of thirteen former White House press secretary and Foreign Service and military officials who published an opinion in peace on. CNN's website in January of twenty twenty calling for trump to restore the regular briefings in their view. Having to prepare for briefings helps the government to run better letter. They wrote the sharing of information known. As official guidance among government officials and agencies helps ensure that an administration speaks with one voice telling one story however compelling it might be Lowthian also sees the apparent end the briefings as unfortunate. He said it's a valid criticism that some reporters others use briefings to showboat. However I think when covering the White House briefings aren't important function that allow the public and reporters to maintain daily connections? Sometimes it's routine information other times. An odd question from the back of the room can turn into the story of the day even so Lowthian says journalists who cover the the administration will find a way to get stories he said this new normal might be unfortunate but not paralyzing. Reporters are in the business of getting information whether it comes from the mouth of his spokesperson or sources all across the beltway.

White House Press Secretary President Trump White House Historical Associa Press Corps C. N. N. White House Dan Lowthian Associated Press Stephanie Grisham Twenty Twenty Donald Trump Ronald Reagan Secretary Official Osama Bin Laden Lauren Bogle Twitter Herbert Hoover
"herbert hoover" Discussed on 77WABC Radio

77WABC Radio

07:31 min | 8 months ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on 77WABC Radio

"Herbert Hoover's lost memoir of the new deal here and its aftermath George I congratulate you this is very careful work you've done and I welcome you to tell the story of the fall of a great hero that's what Hoover looks like to me when he is defeated in November of nineteen thirty two before that he was known as the Napoleon of mercy what did he do that the American people not only celebrated in but elected him president of United States in nineteen twenty eight yes Sir Herbert Hoover was born in Iowa in eighteen seventy four and became a mining engineer and his first career and was based in London in that career in nineteen fourteen the summer his fortieth birthday when World War one broke out in through a chain of circumstances he began to organize what was thought would be a temporary relief of project for the poor people of Belgium who would just spend over run by the German armies at the start of World War one and Hoover became the director of the commission for relief in Belgium which he founded an unprecedented project in world history feeding an entire nation under enemy occupation that made Hoover an international humanitarian hero and he built upon that reputation throughout World War one and its aftermath ultimate leave of an organized relief to more than twenty countries after World War one if you said he acquired the up with that the Napoleon of mercy on another one was the master of emergency eighty three million people up there live save dork substantially improved sixty billion dollars worth of food an extraordinary achievement it really did make him a kind of a symbol of American benevolence in the world and it made him a are a hero of the war but not for being a war maker for being a peacemaker and it is been said of him that you save more lives than any other person in history so here he is in the nineteen twenty secretary of commerce after the war he becomes elected president without ever having run for any elective public office before he goes in on this great reputation for competence and humanitarian ism and then the the thunder and lightning strike in the form of the stock market crash and the Great Depression he's inaugurated March of nineteen twenty nine the markets tumble beginning in September but really the crisis is October and the unemployment spikes the following year that's the background for the election of thirty two the disaster for who he is that he is building a recovery program as Franklin Delano Roosevelt wins the election in these days you're elected in November you don't take your not inaugurated until the following March that wasn't change after nineteen thirty two Hoover is right away extremely extremely upset that Roosevelt isn't blaming him for the crisis blaming Hoover for the bank crisis what did the Hoover believe was the facts of why the blank started closing in February of thirty three until the bank holiday called I. F. E. R. in March he believed that this was a totally unnecessary panic of bank depositors brought on unnecessary because Roosevelt wasn't cooperating in the transition he argued that Roosevelt was willing to permit things to spiral downward so that he could come in and and get the glory of turning things around Hoover believed that the depositors across the country the investors were worried were fearful of what they thought Roosevelt might do with tampering with the currency perhaps going off the gold standard devaluing the dollar yes and Hoover had a sense from various sources and intimations of talk of the new deal and so on that Roosevelt was not going to be very orthodox and might be and willing to indulge in some and some very dramatic and dangerous steps so Hoover feared that Roosevelt was going to take the steps and his argument is that many of the American investors have that same worry and consequently they started pulling out their money in fear of Roosevelt not in fear of Hoover who was going to leave office anyway he makes an assumption that there while our speculators pulling money pulling gold out of the country because they were anticipating going off the gold standard devaluing the dollar is there evidence for I think there is some of it is this there was on I don't recall the exact figures of of money going going abroad in anticipation perhaps or something like this happening and historians I don't think have done enough to a to appraise Hoover's argument there's such a melodrama that's built into that period and writing historians talk about it this is the new deal and Hoover right away saw a contest he saw it before the Republican Party and even for the Democratic Party calling up the side he had been writing about socialist since nineteen nineteen I read in The Saturday Evening Post piece where he said very carefully progress of the mass is the room is is the basis for progress of the individual that's Hoover but he sees that mass politics are are hypnotic and he sees the new deal as more than just experiment he's things that socialism to fascism any argues that right away in beginning went went in the first term was he clear about his wealth his denunciation of Roosevelt you could actually go back to a speech that Hoover thought was hugely prophetic it was his last great speech of the campaign of thirty two right in Madison Square Garden on October thirty first thirty two he said this election is more than a contest between two men and two parties is between two philosophies of government it will determine the course of American life for a century to call and who were thought that was one of the most prophetic speeches he ever gave and he then of course all this starting to work out as a new deal was implemented a few months later beginning in nineteen thirty four but certainly heatedly in nineteen thirty five Hoover is making speeches crisscrossing the country denouncing what he calls to be hypnotic slogans and the battle of phrases he's condemning all of the what we call the new deal especially the NRA which he calls the economy of scarcity was he listen to because we know now the NRA was a catastrophe a policy well he I don't know whether the Supreme Court listen to one but the Supreme Court unanimously held at that law was unconstitutional and it was a great mass even before the court stepped in in the in the famous law case in nineteen thirty five to eliminate the internet yes yes so Hoover was anticipating it he was preaching against of the Supreme Court to join with him in his belief Roosevelt of course at this point had to recognize that Hoover was dangerous Hoover was force for the nineteen thirty six election and will turn to the thirty six election and the Republican Party the book is the crusade years nineteen thirty three to nineteen fifty five Herbert Hoover's loss memoirs of the new deal here at its aftermath George Nash is the editor for the Hoover Institution I'm John bachelor this is the John Batchelor show perfect trade for Dodger town the marvelous shortstop Francisco Lindo of the Cleveland Indians who can play out the last year of his contract and then sign with LA for the bank vault.

Herbert Hoover George I
White Sands officially becomes the 62nd national park

AP 24 Hour News

00:46 sec | 9 months ago

White Sands officially becomes the 62nd national park

"White sands national monument in southern New Mexico is now white sands national park white sands became the sixty second designated national park Friday with president trump signing of the national defense authorization act for twenty twenty which included a provision on the redesignation white sands national monument was established in nineteen thirty three by president Herbert Hoover to preserve the white sands in additional features of scientific scenic and educational interest white sands sees hundreds of thousands of visitors every year more than any other park service location in New Mexico in twenty seventeen white sands a logged more than six hundred thousand visits and spurred more than thirty one million dollars in spending for the local economy

New Mexico Herbert Hoover President Trump Twenty Twenty
White Sands monument re-designated as US national park

AP News Radio

00:46 sec | 9 months ago

White Sands monument re-designated as US national park

"President trump signing of the national defense authorization act for fiscal year twenty twenty on Friday not only created the new space force but a new national park president Herbert Hoover established white sands national monument in southern New Mexico on January eighteenth nineteen thirty three to preserve the white sands and additional features of scenic scientific and educational interest those include the world's largest gypsum dune field and collection of fossilized footprints from the ice age according to that nineteen thirty three declaration the park tells more than ten thousand years of human presence all while providing memorable recreational opportunities and today it's the white sands national park the sixty second so designated in the national park system Ben Thomas Washington

President Trump Herbert Hoover New Mexico White Sands National Park Ben Thomas Washington Ten Thousand Years Sixty Second
STEMinists: Mary Engle Pennington

Encyclopedia Womannica

05:31 min | 1 year ago

STEMinists: Mary Engle Pennington

"Should all feel grateful towards she advanced the science related to a key appliance. You use every single day and probably take for granted the refrigerator. We're talking about. Mary Engle Pennington Mary Engle Pennington was born in eighteen seventy two in Nashville Tennessee see soon after she was born Mary's family her mother father and younger sister moved to Philadelphia to be closer to her mother's wealthy quaker relatives. Mary's parents ordered their daughters interests and hobbies as a result. Mary learned to garden with her father. At a young age she also Oh love to read and spent hours on end at her local library. It was there that she had her first break. Through all reading the book on Medical Chemistry Mary Very was studying a chapter on nitrogen and oxygen when something clicked she later told The New Yorker. I realized Liberty Hoop that although I couldn't touch taste or smell them the really existed it was a milestone. Mary was twelve years old when she had that. Aha moment and from that point on she wanted to learn everything she could about chemistry. Unfortunately the rest of society wasn't so keen on Mary's budding in curiosity at that time studying scientists considered unladylike. Mary tried to convince the head of her boarding school to allow her awesome instruction in chemistry but the headmistress refused still Mary's fascination with medical book didn't go away she went to the university -versity of Pennsylvania which was located near her house and demanded a professor there. Give her some instruction. Despite the fact that she was still only twelve years old the professor told her he would consider teaching her if she learned to read and spell the words in the book and returned when she was older though she didn't didn't return to that specific professor she did return to the University of Pennsylvania in eighteen ninety s she was the only woman in her class and studied chemistry and biology in the university town scientific school to earn a certificate of proficiency she had to settle for that instead of a Bachelor's slurs degree which was denied due to her gender nevertheless she returned and earned a PhD in the same field in eighteen ninety five the University of Pennsylvania was one of the only schools to get doctorate degrees to women at that time after graduating with her PhD. Mary created her own lab. The Philadelphia Clinical Laboratory to analyze different bacteria. She took aim at the ice cream supply she she educated farmers about safety practices while handling raw milk in order to prevent outbreaks of sickness in Nineteen Zero Five Mary Bet Harvey Wiley a famous chemist and the two began working together on cold storage and refrigeration the next year thanks in part art to Harvey Wiley the Pure Food and drug act passed which tightened regulations on food labelling and safety the government created the bureau of chemistries mysteries food research lab to help fulfill the safety requirements outlined in the law and Harvey Wanted Mary to be in charge after all she got the top top score on the exam required to enter Federal Service. Harvey was so sure that Mary was the best choice but he tried to conceal the fact that she was a woman woman. I referring to her only as Emmy Pennington on the necessary paperwork his trickery was soon discovered but harvey continued the fight by arguing that Mary couldn't be denied simply on account of gender. Mary was hired to leave the lab her work in that lab established. The foundation of today's food knowledge that keeping bacteria count low and refrigerated foods like milk eggs and cheese is instrumental to food safety. She also also developed standards for processing chickens for food led an investigation of the refrigerated boxcar and served on Herbert hoovers war food administration station during World War One in nineteen nineteen. Mary left her work for the federal government to continue research in her own lab about the safety of frozen foods foods through her later research. She discovered that freezing food was a more viable storage method than canning or smoking during her career. Mary won the Garvan Olin Medal the highest award given to women in the American Chemical Society in Nineteen twenty-three she was is recognized by the American Society of heating refrigeration and air conditioning engineers as the greatest American expert on home refrigeration. She's also also in the National Women's hall of fame throughout her career. Mary encouraged young women to participate in the sciences including her own meese who also went on to pursue a stem degree. Mary passed away in a hospital in nineteen fifty two. She was eighty years old. Today we might take Mary and go Pennington Science for granted but she helped save millions of lives by educating society about food safety

Mary Engle Pennington Mary Eng Mary Bet Harvey Wiley Professor American Chemical Society Mary Philadelphia Emmy Pennington Pennington Science Nashville Tennessee University Of Pennsylvania The New Yorker Meese Philadelphia Clinical Laborato Pennsylvania University Town Scientific Sch Garvan Olin Medal
Could the Great Depression Happen Again?

BrainStuff

08:10 min | 1 year ago

Could the Great Depression Happen Again?

"Hey, brain stuff. Lauren voelpel bomb here. If you live through the great depression, that started in the late nineteen twenty s and lasted until the beginning of world or two, it's hard to imagine just how rough many ordinary Americans had it at the depressions peak in nineteen thirty three the nation's gross domestic product have been cut roughly in half and nearly one in four American workers was unemployed since they didn't have money to pay their mortgages, the foreclosure rate more than doubled, and people who lost their homes found themselves, arresting cardboard and scrap wood shacks and living in camps notice, Hoover villes on the edge of towns and cities, named after president Herbert Hoover who many blamed for the depression, in an interview published by the Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis in two thousand seven two men who survived, the depression, describe, how people around them often were so desperate for food that they eagerly routed through garbage bins at markets for discarded vegetables, and spoiled chicken carcasses, even after Franklin Roosevelt's new deal program eased, some of the deprivation the nation's battered, economy continue to struggle right up until the war. Brought a mass. Surge in government spending and created jobs at defense plans for those who didn't go off to fight overseas. But why did the great depression happen and could it ever happened again? The pressures causes have been a longtime subject of debate by historians and communists, though, there seems to be a consensus that the economic disaster was the result of multiple factors. Some of which led to the event, while others worsened or prolonged it, and while the nation's economy, the financial system and government regulation have changed considerably since the nineteen twenties. And thirties, experts warned that we're still not immune some of the same risks contributed to the catastrophe worse, yet some stakes of that era are now being repeated at the top of the list is income inequality. We spoke with Robert S MC, elven a history, professor at Millsaps college in Mississippi and author of the great depression, America nineteen twenty nine to nineteen forty one. He says the US shifted during the nineteen twenties. Twin economy, heavily dependent upon consumption of mass produced goods ranging from automobiles to radios while sales of those products. Drove up. Office for factory owners and retailers, most American workers wages grew much more slowly. Eventually he notes, people didn't have enough money to buy more things, and keep the economy, going businesses tried to cope by extending consumer credit and allowing people to gradually pay off their purchases. But they didn't have enough income to keep buying new stuff as well in the summer of nineteen twenty nine to avoid having inventory, pile-up factory started cutting back on production, and laying off workers those workers, then couldn't buy things which meant even more products piled up that started the economy on a downward spiral that contributed to a four day stock market crash in late October of nineteen twenty nine which raised a quarter of the value of the Dow Jones industrial average wiping out investors and severely damaging public confidence circa, nineteen twenties. Income inequality was exacerbated by a series of tax cuts pushed through congress by secretary of the treasury. Andrew w Mellon, extensively to stimulate the economy as one of the world's richest men Mellon personally benefited from the cuts more than. Practically all the tax payers in the state of Nebraska, as one political opponent of the Bill pointed out, ninety years later income, inequality is growing, and it's a threat to an economy, which depends upon personal consumption of two thirds of its economic output, and congress in two thousand seventeen past a massive tax cut package, which most Americans see themselves as not benefiting from. In addition to income inequality, there was a lot of investment speculation going on. There's a difference between investing and speculating, which invested pedia defines as putting your money into high risk investments in hopes of making a killing, but in the nineteen twenties, when everything seemed to be booming investors often were a bit too, trusting. We also spoke with Todd new p- a professor of economics and business at Cornell college in Vernon Iowa. He said, many people think of the dust bowl or the stock market crash, as the proximate cause of the great depression. But in reality, it was caused by the same factors that have caused financial crises throughout history in the US and elsewhere, debt financed speculation. In other words when people find it too easy to borrow other people's money to speculate on risky ventures. Stocks bonds, subprime housing, etc. Then people risk too much and prices boom, only to eventually bust decades later. Unfortunately, we're still vulnerable to that psychological flaw. Nuke said, markets are prone to. That this time it's different only to find out again. And again that it is usually not. In the nineteen twenties. The United States was also dealing with some bad Federal Reserve policy today were accustomed to thinking of the Federal Reserve, the nation central Bank as the guardian of the economy, that's because it's board could use monetary policy control of the supply of money and credit to stimulate the economy, when it needs a boost or to put on the brakes when inflation is starting to creep upward, but in a two thousand four lecture, former fed chairman, Ben banenky detailed his theory that ninety years ago. The fed dropped the ball with policy blunders that helped cause, prolonged the great depression, starting in nineteen twenty eight the fed hoping to put the brakes on Wall Street speculators who are investing borrowed money started raising interest rates that policy succeeded a little too, well as evidenced, by the stock market's catastrophic drop in October of nineteen twenty nine but then even after the stock market collapsed, the fed kept increasing interest rates, the reason was that the US like many other countries was on the gold standard, meaning that the dollar was redeemable in gold and pegged. To its value. When pennant investors started trading their dollars for gold, the fed moved to thwart them, Brennan key explained in his speech to stabilize the dollar the fed once, again raised interest rates sharply on the view that currency speculators would be less willing to liquidate dollar assets if they could earn a higher rate of return on them, but the high interest rates made it tough for businesses to borrow two whether the hard times, and many went bankrupt as a result at the same time according to banenky, the fed also didn't do enough to protect the nation's banks leading depositors to out their savings and hoard the cash further worsening the economic crisis. The US wasn't the only country with such problems. We also spoke with within you'll Klein and assistant professor of economics at the university of Redlands an expert on economic history. He said the gold standard helped things along by limited in the policy responsive nations around the world. Things like lower interest rates, and government deficit spending or made much more difficult. In addition, while Great Britain, provided global economic leadership before World War, One after. The war, the US, essentially, refused to lead despite being the new center of the world economy. Fortunately, this is one area where policymakers learned their lesson Klein said in the end countries dropped the gold standard and many engaged in deficit, spending, and monetary policy, and the US established its leadership under the Bretton Woods agreement about nineteen forty four packed created the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund as well as eliminating gold standard internationally. On the other hand, as a candidate Donald Trump said that bringing back the gold standard, quote would be very hard to do. But boy, would it be wonderful as president, he considered nominating to the fed board, Herman Cain, who wrote in two thousand twelve in the Wall Street Journal that the dollar should be redefined as quote, a fixed quantity of gold, though. In a recent interview Kane backed away from that position. And Stephen Moore and other past gold standard advocate told CNN that he now favored, petting the currency to a quote, whole basket of commodities both later withdrew from consideration in the face of political opposition. One of the other big factors that led to the depression was trade wars, the smoot-hawley act, which was written in early nineteen twenty nine when the economy was still going strong but became law after the Wall Street crash raised US tariffs by an average of sixteen percent. The idea was to keep other countries from hurting US manufacturers by flooding the market with lower priced products. But when those countries responded by imposing their own tariffs result was a ruinous, global decline in trade, the deepened and lengthened the great depression, that bit of history, worries many people today due to President Trump's fondness for imposing tariffs in an effort to protect us industries. So many of the factors that contributed to the great depression are still risks whether they will ever combine an economic perfect storm is a harder question to answer.

United States Federal Reserve Depression President Trump Donald Trump Herbert Hoover Lauren Voelpel Klein Federal Reserve Bank Franklin Roosevelt Ben Banenky Congress Andrew W Mellon Stephen Moore Nebraska
"herbert hoover" Discussed on 850 WFTL

850 WFTL

04:46 min | 2 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on 850 WFTL

"Good to be with you again this week status off with a little bit of trivia, you know, I do those things, and we all the years I've been involved in history and whatnot and believe it or not even after all these years. There are still things you can learn. Myself saying, I didn't know that. And during the past few days, I became aware. Of course, universities are noted. They give out a lot of honorary degrees do enter people in which president do you suppose was awarded the most out of all forty five our presidents, including me sitting one who do you suppose guys? The most honorary degrees of all of them. Oh, man. That is a great question. Yeah. I'm gonna say FDR. No. I know that probably would have been amongst my guess is to you know. The the the answer is Herbert Hoover. Really he received a four honorary degrees. Wow. And I think you know in part, that's probably because. Mr. Hoover lived pretty much longer than just about anybody else. That's true after the end of his presidency. He lived another thirty one thirty two years. Well, yeah. Not only that but he was really popular before. Yes. His presidency was very popular for helping out with a flood and organizing the flood relief. He was he was the. He was secretary of commerce at that time. And he was so busy. They used to refer to him as the secretary of commerce and the under secretary of everything else. To this day. The American Red Cross still uses his plans. The the big flood happened in Louisiana drowned nearly three thousand people and there were no. Flood plan or anything else. And and so the American Red Cross to this day uses the Hoover plan really for flood relief. Not know that. And he first president to be on television. Of course, then World War Two came along and kind of put the kabosh online. Yeah. But he delivered a speech from Washington to New York became the first president to speak on television. He's the one that gave us air mail on a regular basis prison relief. He did a lot of things. And actually if you look at it. Headed not been for the great depression. The stock market crash. He probably would be a rated among the better presidents that we ever had. Yeah. He's big problem was that he did not see our economic crash as comparable to the flood. Yeah. And needing that immediate work. That's interesting. That's interesting way to put it anyhow eighty four honorary degrees for president. Herbert hoover. And that to this day is the record most honorary degrees awarded a to a president. All right. I wanted to pass along to that. We got word. Several weeks back. We had a guest on the program. Who was called a corner cough. And boy he was a b twenty nine pilot towards the end of World War Two. We talked about George tarps. He had a book written a bottom. He lived in the Orlando area and on Sunday July twenty nine Mr. starch passed away at the age of ninety four. He's funeral service was held veto Florida the following Saturday. And but he was he made it long enough. To say how much he appreciated and the joy he felt at his story being put out in book form by regularly publishing company. And he was very proud of his record. Incredible man, you go into archives and hear that program and see some of the marvelous things he did during the war. And after the war is his recognition and his travels in Europe. And and the great work that he did for this country. George starts gone at the age of ninety four. Well, we need to take a pause along our network line. This is the Florida roundtable. I'm Reagan Smith, Michael Yaffe. We'll continue the conversation in a moment. God.

Herbert Hoover president American Red Cross Florida secretary cough under secretary Europe George Orlando Louisiana Reagan Smith Washington Michael Yaffe New York thirty one thirty two years
"herbert hoover" Discussed on 710 WOR

710 WOR

01:52 min | 2 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on 710 WOR

"And guess what the japanese came and started making cars in the united states i don't think we're looking at herbert hoover i don't think we're looking at the smoot hawley tariff and we've already seen that these trading partners seems to seem to be willing to to be conciliatory about it time for eight yard any interest rates are on the rise the fed has made their statements they'll probably raise another three times or so is this something that investors should be concerned about is an inflationary is it something that could knock the stuffing out of the stock market because at some point juncture level where money will go into bonds is that a concern well it's always looking for something that you don't want to take off your radar screen the real question is as as you mentioned is inflation and i think competition and technological disruption will keep a lid on inflation i think in some ways you might want to look at gradually rising interest rates is providing increasing confidence that were normalizing we're kind of getting back to an environment where the economy can grow on its own without requiring interest rates that are too low and it's going to be helpful to have interest rates a little higher next time there is a recession and there will be and i think people realize oh should realize that it really helps interest rates go up because not everybody invests they need the money in their bank accounts to go up and maybe they'll spend it and certainly social security payments go up with some a lot of people have been suffering because interest rates have been so low so anybody that's was about to retire has been retiring and kinda rolling over shortterm instruments have been really really disadvantaged here so we could be getting into a better environment not just for them but an environment that you continue to allow the stock market boom to move higher so i remain bullish.

united states herbert hoover fed eight yard
"herbert hoover" Discussed on Planet Money

Planet Money

01:41 min | 2 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on Planet Money

"Yeah that's right making things like cars and like sewing machines so this became an election issue save the farmers save the people who are being left behind and the republicans and their presidential candidate herbert hoover they win the election herbert hoover now president of the united states before the people his platform had been prosperity for everyone by the time hoover was giving his inaugural address republicans in congress were already trying to make good on this protect the farmers promise most notably reed smoot and willis holly you wanna try and describe these men for our listeners so one of them sort of tall and lean that would be reed smoot and the others little shorter in little squatter little fatter and that would be willis holly do you know the muppets yes do you know statler and waldorf they're my favorite muppets yes they're the guys the old guys in the balcony who are jeering at the act onstage they can improve all shows they just change the ending oh would it closer to the beginning could you another one was doing more for once they've given us something other than second rate entertainment with third grade entertain do you not like them you know like i don't think of as big of a muppets person as you kept me but it's good mop anyway reed smoot was a senator from utah willis holly was a representative from oregon they were the heads of the committees in the senate and the house that we're in charge of tariffs at the time that's why their names are on the bill and the two agricultural products that we're facing the most foreign competition at time were wool and sugar so.

herbert hoover president united states congress senator representative oregon senate reed smoot utah
"herbert hoover" Discussed on WDRC

WDRC

01:35 min | 2 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on WDRC

"Republican president herbert hoover it gave us the great depression and worsened it along the way richard nixon's ten percent import surcharge contributed to the stagflation of the 1970s george w bush tried to save the steel industry by imposing tariffs on steel he'll if those terrence tariffs had worked we wouldn't be having these discussions today remember when we tried to save the color tv industry with protectionist measures instead of saving it we wiped out domestic production we aren't persuaded by the trump administration's claim that we need to oppose use tariffs for national security reasons despite stiff competition from in tore imports many specialty steel producers are doing just fine and are actually exporting steel to mexico and canada meanwhile canada is a number one exporter of steel to the united states does anyone really believe canada is a national security threat in they go on to say look trump should make american producers more competitive in the global markets with tax regulatory energy and other proamerica policy changes of bring jobs in capital back to the united states and they said the same thing we of sadah and those frustrating to so many of us uh this is happening at a furious pace right now almost overnight trump has made america the best the most reliable place in the world to invest but steal look decisively against that goal which that caller that we had earlier i don't get it i'm a trump supporter he got the economy worry wants as we said the irony is it was the day that manufacturing output was greater than at any time than two thousand four and all of a sudden you wish to put.

president richard nixon george w bush united states canada herbert hoover terrence mexico america ten percent
"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

Stuff You Missed in History Class

02:11 min | 2 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

"German and 1929 pauline sabin broke with the republican national committee despite misgivings over the prohibition issue paulina remained in the republican party through the 1928 presidential election and that pitted californian republican herbert hoover against newark democrat out smith hoover through campaign is a dry candidate had stated while campaigning that he would look into the prohibition issue but than once he was an office that was not the priority that that pauline that pauline save and had hoped that it would be for the new president in hoovers inaugural address given on march four 1929 piece spoke to uphold the law of the land by adhering to the eighteen th amendment he said quote no greater national service can be given by men and women of goodwill who i know are not unmindful of the responsibilities of citizenship then they should by their example assist in stamping out crime and outlawry by refusing participation in and condemning all transactions with illegal liquor so instead of investigating prohibition he appointed george w wicker sam's a steady criminal justice in america so the careful step around actually having a deal with prohibition precipitated by political favor that he owed to the various dry senators but the move led directly to pauline sabin resigning from the republican national committee to form her own group and we're going to talk about that group it just a moment but first we will have a word from one of our fab sponsors support for stuff he missed in history class comes from our friends at rocket mortgage by quicken loans chances are you're pretty confident when it comes to your work or your hobbies or your life rocket mortgage gives you that same level of confidence when it comes to purchasing a home or refinancing your existing home loan with rocket mortgage you can apply simply and understand fully so you can mortgage confidently to get started go to rocket mortgage dot com slash history equal housing lender licensed in all fifty states nmlsconsumeraccess dot org number thirty thirty.

republican national committee republican party herbert hoover president america pauline sabin newark george w
"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

Stuff You Missed in History Class

02:09 min | 2 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

"Germans and 1929 pauline saving broke with the republican national committee despite misgivings over the prohibition issue paulina remained in the republican party through the 1928 presidential election and that pitted californian republican herbert hoover against newark democrat out smith hoover through campaign is a dry candidate had stated while campaigning that he would look into the prohibition issue but then once he was an office that was not the priority that that polling that pauline saving had hoped that it would be for the new president in hoovers inaugural address given on march fourth 1929 he spoke to uphold the law of the land by adhering to the eighteen th amendment he said quote no greater national service can be given by men and women of goodwill who i know are not unmindful of the responsibilities of citizenship than they should by their example assist in stamping out crime and outlawry by refusing participation in and condemning all transactions with illegal liquor so instead of investigating prohibition he appointed george w wicker sam2 steady criminal justice in america so the careful step around actually having a deal with prohibition precipitated by political favor that he owed to the various dry senators but the move led directly to pauline sabin resigning from the republican national committee to form her own group and we're going to talk about that group it just a moment but first we will have a word from one of our sponsors support for stuff you missed in history class comes from my friends at rocket mortgage by quicken loans chances are you're confident when it comes to your work your hobbies in your life rocket mortgage gives you the same level of confidence when it comes to buying a home or refinancing your existing home loan with rocket mortgage you can apply simply and understand fully so you can mortgage confidently to get started good to rocket mortgage dot com slash history equal housing lender licensed in all fifty states nmlsconsumeraccessorg number thirty thirty.

republican national committee republican party herbert hoover president america newark george w pauline sabin
"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

Stuff You Missed in History Class

01:58 min | 2 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

"Germans and 1929 pauline saving broke with the republican national committee despite misgivings over the prohibition issue paulina remained in the republican party through the 1928 presidential election and that pitted californian republican herbert hoover against newark democrat out smith hoover through campaign is a dry candidate had stated while campaigning that he would look into the prohibition issue but then once he was an office that was not the priority that that polling that pauline saving had hoped that it would be for the new president in hoovers inaugural address given on march fourth 1929 he spoke to uphold the law of the land by adhering to the eighteen th amendment he said quote no greater national service can be given by men and women of goodwill who i know are not unmindful of the responsibilities of citizenship than they should by their example assist in stamping out crime and outlawry by refusing participation in and condemning all transactions with illegal liquor so instead of investigating prohibition he appointed george w wicker sam2 steady criminal justice in america so the careful step around actually having a deal with prohibition precipitated by political favor that he owed to the various dry senators but the move led directly to pauline sabin resigning from the republican national committee to form her own group and we're going to talk about that group it just a moment but first we will have a word from one of our sponsors three surely sponsored by talk space the online therapy company that lets you message a license therapist from anywhere at any time all you need is a computer with an internet connection or my preference is the talk space mobile app it's actually the only way use it that means you can improve your mental health even if you've had trouble making time for it in the.

republican national committee republican party herbert hoover president america newark george w pauline sabin
"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

Stuff You Missed in History Class

01:45 min | 2 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

"German and 1929 pauline sabin broke with the republican national committee despite misgivings over the prohibition issue paulina remained in the republican party through the 1928 presidential election and that pitted californian republican herbert hoover against newark democrat out smith hoover through campaign is a dry candidate had stated while campaigning that he would look into the prohibition issue but then once he was an office that was not the priority that that pauline that pauline save and had hoped that it would be for the new president in hoovers inaugural address given on march fourth 1929 he spoke to uphold the law of the land by adhering to the eighteen th amendment he said quote no greater national service can be given by men and women of goodwill who i know are not unmindful of the responsibilities of citizenship then they should by their example assist in stamping out crime and outlawry by refusing participation in and condemning all transactions with illegal liquor so instead of investigating prohibition he appointed george w wicker sam's a steady criminal justice in america so the careful step around actually having a deal with prohibition precipitated by political favor that he owed to the various dry senators but the move led directly to pauline sabin resigning from the republican national committee to form her own group and we're going to talk about that group in just a moment but first we will have a word from one of our fab sponsors this episode of stuff you missed in history glance is brought to you by stamp star com happy new year.

republican national committee republican party herbert hoover president america pauline sabin newark george w
"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

Stuff You Missed in History Class

01:44 min | 2 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

"Germans and 1929 pauline sabin broke with the republican national committee despite misgivings over the prohibition issue paulina remained in the republican party through the 1928 presidential election and that pitted californian republican herbert hoover against newark democrat out smith hoover through campaign is a dry candidate had stated while campaigning that he would look into the prohibition issue but than once he was an office that was not the priority that that polling that pauline save and had hoped that it would be for the new president in hoover's inaugural address given on march fourth 1929 piece spoke to uphold the law of the land by adhering to the eighteen th amendment he said quote no greater national service can be given by men and women of goodwill who i know are not unmindful of the responsibilities of citizenship than they should by their example assist in stamping out crime and outlawry by refusing participation in and condemning all transactions with illegal liquor so instead of investigating prohibition he appointed george w wicker sam steady criminal justice in america so the careful step around actually having a deal with prohibition precipitated by political favor that he owed to the various dry senators but the move led directly to pauline sabin resigning from the republican national committee to form her own group and we're going to talk about that group it just a moment but first we will have a word from one of our power sponsors this episode of stuff you missed in history classes brought to you by square space did you know that.

republican national committee republican party herbert hoover president hoover america pauline sabin newark george w
"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

Stuff You Missed in History Class

01:45 min | 2 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

"German and 1929 pauline sabin broke with the republican national committee despite misgivings over the prohibition issue paulina remained in the republican party through the 1928 presidential election and that pitted californian republican herbert hoover against newark democrat l smith hoover through campaign is a dry candidate had stated while campaigning that he would look into the prohibition issue but than once he was an office that was not the priority that that pauline that pauline save and had hoped that it would be for the new president in hoovers inaugural address given on march fourth 1929 he spoke to uphold the law of the land by adhering to the eighteen th amendment he said quote no greater national service can be given by men and women of goodwill who i know are not unmindful of the responsibilities of citizenship then they should by their example assist in stamping out crime and outlawry by refusing participation in and condemning all transactions with illegal liquor so instead of investigating prohibition he appointed george w wicker sam's a steady criminal justice in america so the careful step around actually having a deal with prohibition precipitated by political favor that he owed to the various dry senators but the move led directly to pauline sabin resigning from the republican national committee to form her own group and we're going to talk about that group it just a moment but first we will have a word from one of our fab sponsors this episode of stuff you missed in history glance is brought to you by stamp star com happy new year.

republican national committee republican party herbert hoover president america pauline sabin newark george w
"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

Stuff You Missed in History Class

01:45 min | 2 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on Stuff You Missed in History Class

"German and 1929 pauline sabin broke with the republican national committee despite misgivings over the prohibition issue paulina remained in the republican party through the 1928 presidential election and that pitted californian republican herbert hoover against newark democrat l smith hoover through campaign is a dry candidate had stated while campaigning that he would look into the prohibition issue but than once he was an office that was not the priority that that pauline that pauline save and had hoped that it would be for the new president in hoovers inaugural address given on march fourth 1929 he spoke to uphold the law of the land by adhering to the eighteen th amendment he said quote no greater national service can be given by men and women of goodwill who i know are not unmindful of the responsibilities of citizenship then they should by their example assist in stamping out crime and outlawry by refusing participation in and condemning all transactions with illegal liquor so instead of investigating prohibition he appointed george w wicker sam's a steady criminal justice in america so the careful step around actually having a deal with prohibition precipitated by political favor that he owed to the various dry senators but the move led directly to pauline sabin resigning from the republican national committee to form her own group and we're going to talk about that group it just a moment but first we will have a word from one of our fab sponsors this episode of stuff you missed in history glance is brought to you by stamp star com happy new year.

republican national committee republican party herbert hoover president america pauline sabin newark george w
"herbert hoover" Discussed on WDRC

WDRC

02:11 min | 2 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on WDRC

"White house who's concerned it christopher right gray head of the fbi may be willing to quit his job at the fbi over the release of this metal if christopher ray who fired andrew mccabe on monday sees it necessary for him to quit his job as the head of the fbi simply because the american public got a chance to know what was going on inside that agency and what people like peter struck and andrew mccabe and others were doing to use a political use a not a nonpolitical agency for political purposes during a campaign if that causes chris were rate us hand in his resignation so be it if the guy doesn't believe in leading the american public know what's going on then he shouldn't have a job heading up the fbi and believe me this isn't the first on the fbi has had problems i mean think about the fbi under a herbert hoover i mean think our j at your hoover sorry my mistake we think about the fbi under joerger hoover which is doing spying on people collecting profiles of people adding up packets of information to be used against people this is an agency that has in its past some really really nasty business well if we find out they've been involved a nasty business again maybe we need to do a total house claiming cleaning at the top of the fbi and i'll tell you what since they think that the memo is going to be released sometime tomorrow i don't know whether or not will get it before i do this radio show but i'll tell you what if we get their memo i read the whole darn thing four pages of it and we'll talk about all of it and if you decide that once inside that memo was simply not all that big deal not really a big concern why i'll be glad to offer up an apology but i'm just going to tell you when people say to me you don't know what's inside that memo let me tell you why from the outside i can get an inkling of what's inside that devon nunez memo number one it has been read by members of congress who have described it as explosive and worse than watergate and likely to send people to jail now do i think those people are lying to me no i don't because they know that if we read it and then we come back.

White house fbi christopher ray chris herbert hoover congress andrew mccabe peter devon nunez
"herbert hoover" Discussed on WCBM 680 AM

WCBM 680 AM

03:37 min | 3 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on WCBM 680 AM

"The sad tale of two stumbling parties ladies and gentlemen west proven wrote the following under the headline we've heard the words and music of this song before the hoariest cliche and american politics presented as accomplished fact by every 'wij head in academia and media after every wipe out election is that losing that the losing party is finished destroyed john four dead as in the graveyard the republicans were finished and 1932 the burial of herbert hoover and again and 1941 wendell wilkie turned out to be a burned out lightbulb and really really finished and 19 sixty four when the trump ging of barry goldwater put the kyw bosh on quaint contributive ambitions forever and then some the democrats would never recover after nineteen seventy two when the party was taken over by piece next and took a flyer on the decent but terminally naive george mcgovern and lost every state but massachusetts and and parentheses naturally walter mondale lost all but minnesota and 1984 and would have lost that but ronald reagan overruled his managers who told him that one last airport rally in minneapolis on election eve would give him the perfect game at no one could ever do placate no the gepard shed i won't embarrass chemin in his home state the mondale one by fewer than three tenths of one percent of the million votes cashed when the hapless michael dukakis was swamp four years later the democrats were pronounced dead and done again but after all these epic triumph which the dead party escaped from the graveyard proving once more the famous proved rule that in life and politics nothing received like success some democrats have taken refuge and disc consolation again as if the shall lacking of the whipless hillary clinton for tells the do of the party of jefferson jackson and roosevelt to slaveholders an aristocrat all a leads rent large at anybody's counting the triumph of donald trump was not wipe out in the mould forged by franklin d roosevelt lyndon johnson or ronald reagan but it has the aroma of a cake baked to our recipe unique this time this time only a year ago nearly every pundits in town and a lot from out of town this she'd them shelves lighting off the republicans again hillary was coasting to her second inevitable president j and.

john president franklin d roosevelt ronald reagan minnesota walter mondale massachusetts wendell wilkie herbert hoover lyndon johnson donald trump jefferson jackson hillary clinton michael dukakis minneapolis george mcgovern barry goldwater one percent four years
"herbert hoover" Discussed on KOIL

KOIL

02:25 min | 3 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on KOIL

"You couldn't have designed a worst system than obamacare and so while imperfect that this plan is now now it's doing a lot of good things that also pave the way for the better things that i think will come including dr josh and other things to one question yeah what you know you're on group working kickers ever heard of a a a president and you don't want to be like american permanent herbert hoover howard your mark we call the federal government are who are living on the at the undergo now one thing running and in our we who later cartwright her perc carlos who now i i think this president's doing all of that i am i think every time he bypasses the media like you went iowa last week he he he resonates with people you can tell he's trying to get the job done this is why you know we put up on our website were listing all of those congress men and women that are to laze the commit to giving up their august recess i'm tired of these people not getting their job done it frustrates the living daylights out of me anyway good points i appreciate it thank you bill kathy dallas texas next sean hannity show how are you kathy hurled karen harrier i'm good what's happened left and i'm i'm kind of frustrated and you know you have an excellent point you're just talking about moeller and ccri and for me you know i finally public can a veteran you know olive is wonderful things that make me understand why it's important pithy trade i just feel like celebrating tori as we were when trump won i don't think he's running the here i think the democrats are still running the country and i think it as evidenced by have a special propagated because they're not going to let i really am why are we co and nobody stopping him going on with it you look at berklee colleague in ever and how they think if get taken over an not stop hazing right paper if obama library i mean all of this that happen.

president herbert hoover federal government kathy dallas moeller dr josh iowa texas sean hannity obama
"herbert hoover" Discussed on Progressive Talk 1350 AM

Progressive Talk 1350 AM

01:35 min | 3 years ago

"herbert hoover" Discussed on Progressive Talk 1350 AM

"The incumbent president the ill herbert hoover herbert hoover lost but i looked up the vote totals herbert hoover with the united states flat on on its backed the united states in the midst of the worst economic depravity these this nation at ever seen in the middle of the ugly great depression when we were at the rock bottom forty percent of the people voted to reelect herbert hoover go and i making that up it was was sixty to forty franklin roosevelt got sixty percent of the vote that's a lot right let me look go through this dude trump they say got forty six percent of the vote anyway in a look president obama i mean what are you get fifty two percent of the vote fifty drooped zillow i mean if you get fifty three fifty four fifty five heaven forbid fifty six percent the vote for president it's all landslide of historic proportions franklin roosevelt got sixty percent of the vote in the middle of the great depression before pti percent of the people still voted for the guy who was presiding over the great depression so just remem there are always even if donald trump is forced to resign and i and i am a christa the ball mount even ali matv that or that the guy was doing its on iranian whenever that thing without even have one of those but were however this works out however this works out a what you and i are experiencing here is history and i really am really glad you're paying attention i hope that you've been painted for long time if you knew to this hey yep take the hell of a tough to gyp near big doug grade time.

president herbert hoover united states great depression franklin roosevelt obama donald trump sixty percent fifty six percent fifty two percent forty six percent forty percent