20 Episode results for "Gulf of Oman"
Iranian army says 19 killed, 15 wounded when missile strikes naval vessel taking part in exercise in Gulf of Oman
"Getting an update now on that Situation around telling you about a couple of minutes ago. They're saying now is during a training exercise in the Gulf of Oman and Iranian missile. That was fired struck a support vessel near its target. Rainy media said at least one sailor was killed about fifteen others wounded again the Iranian army now following up to say nineteen were killed fifteen wounded while that naval vessel struck taking part in an exercise in the Gulf of Oman. So once again this appears to be a friendly fire situation terrible accident involving the military Iran.
Iran says 19 sailors killed, 15 wounded in missile "accident" at sea
"Europeans military says that a live fire exercise gone wrong has kill nineteen sailors. The army says that a missile struck a naval vessel instead of its intended target near the port of Jask in the Gulf of Oman. In addition to the dead fifteen sailors were wounded in the incident on Sunday.
Iran says 19 sailors killed, 15 wounded in missile "accident" at sea
"A friendly fire. Missile Strike on rainy naval vessel has killed at least nineteen sailors and wounded fifteen others in the Gulf of Oman. During a training exercise in the Gulf Beaumont in Iranian missile that was fired struck a support vessel. Nearest target state television described the missile strike as an accident. The friendly fire incident on Sunday comes amid heightened tensions between Tehran and the US.
History Rhymes: the US and Iran, Flint, and Fathers Day
"It's Friday June fourteenth. Welcome to skim this, where breaking down the most complex stories of the day, and giving you the context on. Why matter today we're diving into the drama going down between the US and Iran? We'll connect the dots on the blame game. And why the Gulf of Oman is so important when it comes to oil, then the Flint water crisis, is back in the headlines after the state prosecutor said, do over we'll give you the details and finally ahead of Father's Day weekend. No dad jokes. But a special tribute to the superman in your life. We're here to make your Friday smarter. Let's skim this. Today's episode is brought to you by Wayfair registry. It's the fastest growing wedding registry. For a reason we love it. We think you will too. The most complicated story today is about Iran and the US, the two countries have a long history of not getting along. But over the last couple of days, things have ratcheted up quick recap the US backed out of the Iran nuclear deal last year. The US says, Iran supporting terrorists in the Middle East in April, the US called Iran's revolutionary guard, a branch of their military, a terrorist organization, the accused Iran of threatening US troops in the region. And so the US sent more military ships to Iran's back yard in the Persian Gulf last month senior US officials blamed Iran for attacks on four oil tankers in the Gulf of Amman, which connects the Persian Gulf to the rest of the world, then early Thursday morning it happened again. There were explosions onto massive oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman. The crews of both ships were evacuated. And at least one of the tankers caught fire again you. -tary of state Mike Pompeo pointed the finger at a rock, these unprovoked attacks present a clear threat to international peace and security, a blatant assault on the freedom of navigation and an unacceptable campaign of escalating tension by Iran. This time the Pentagon says they've got proof that Iran's revolutionary guard was behind at least one of these attacks in all of the cases Iran's denied. And this they said they said argument has major global implications both politically and economically. We're going to get into the blame game between both countries why this particular part of the world is already a stress inducer and what's alternately at stake here leg? We said the US blamed Iran for these new explosions. The defense department says they've got intelligence and a video showing members of Iran's revolutionary guard approaching one of the tankers and making off with something called Olympic mine. Those are bombs that attached magnetically to ships, and then explode the US says the revolutionary guard put the mind on that ship, and then took it off. Here's President Trump on FOX and friends this morning. And you know they did it because you saw the boat. I guess one of the mines didn't explode, and it's probably got essentially Iran written all over it, Iran denies this. They say the attacks are part of a conspiracy by enemies like the US Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Israel against Iran, just to add another complication here, the operator of one of the tankers, the one that the US says had Olympic mine attached to it says he thinks his ship was attacked by a flying object. In fact, he's been doubtful that his ship had a mine attached to it at all. That ships operator is from Japan. And when these explosions went off yesterday. The prime minister of Japan Shinzo Rb happened to be in Iran's capital of Tehran meeting with Iran supreme leader and its president in part to try to tamp down the animosity between Iran and the US awkward. There's a reason why Japan cares about what's going on between the US and Iran. It has to do with the Gulf of Oman, because oil see ships pass through the Gulf of Oman, every day, from the Persian Gulf carrying millions of barrels of oil from places like Saudi Arabia, Iran, and the United Arab Emirates into the Arabian Sea to the rest of the world. A fifth of the world's oil gets shipped out of there, especially to Asia. Japan gets eighty percent of its oil from here and Saudi Arabia is the US's second biggest oil supplier between the Persian Gulf, and the Gulf of Oman ships have to pass through this tiny little waterway called the straight of Hormuz. It's really narrow and ships have very little room to get through. And that's why it's a really critical zone. Iran has threatened in the past to close it off, if other countries like the US prevent them from using it, now, these attacks on oil, tankers are adding a whole. All new layer of stress to the situation, but it's not just access to oil that's at stake. The Trump administration says it still interested in diplomacy, like bringing a Ron to the negotiating table. It isn't talking about war here. But remember, the US is blaming Iran's revolutionary guard for this latest tanker explosion. And like we said, the Trump administration officially designated the group, a terrorist organization, back in April, and thanks to this Bill called the authorization for use of military force or the AMF, which was passed by congress after nine eleven presidents have said they can bypass congressional approval to go to war. If they're fighting terror groups, not everyone agrees. This is actually legal, but it's been used to justify conflicts in places like Iraq and Afghanistan and a bunch of others to members of congress recently passed legislation and committee, that would real the AMF in as tensions between the US and a Ron began to escalate, so what's the skin like we said the drama? Down in the strait of Hormuz has global political implications and also economic ones yesterday oil prices around the world rose by as much as about four percent. But weird thing the US actually is in freaking out as much because oil production here was up last year. And we've been stockpiling oil just in case experts say, US oil prices have already been going down. So unless something crazy happens in her Moos consumers will actually see lower prices at the pump, if you wanna know more about how news impacts your wallet. Head over to our website, the skim dot com slash money. It's wedding season. And if you're thinking about where to register we recommend Wayfair. They have everything from traditional kitchen items to furniture. Plus, they offer free shipping and returns for you and your guests. Yes. Even for the big stuff right now. Wayfair registry is offering skim this listeners fifty dollars in Wayfair rewards. When you create a registry, just use promo code, skim fifty at Wayfair dot com slash skim fifty. That's Wayfair dot com slash skim fifty. Michigan. Prosecutors made a pretty big announcement yesterday. They're dropping all criminal charges in the Flint water crisis in its place. They're planning to launch a more expanded investigation. It's been a minute since we heard about Flint. So let's talk about what's going on here. Flint Michigan used to be a major city for General Motors. But GM started massively downsizing in the eighties and by the early twenty tens Flint was strapped for cash. In fact, the city was about twenty five million dollars in debt to save money. A state appointed emergency manager decided to stop paying for treated drinking water from Detroit and build a pipeline to get water straight from lake Huron. Instead, while it was being constructed they decided to source it directly out of the Flint river, but they didn't take steps to make sure the water was treated properly, and in two thousand fourteen just a few months later, the city found unsafe bacteria in the water, then they over chlorinated. It people complained about the discolored water that smelled funny and was making people really sick. The water was roading the pipes and dangerous levels of lead were leaking into the water. Thousands of kids were exposed to the lead which can have serious impacts on long term health, Melissa maize is a Flint mom who became an activist back in two thousand fifteen. So what we're seeing is complete disregard for human life Hyun, safety and our children. Then at least twelve people died of legionnaires disease, and there were congressional hearings by the end of two thousand sixteen a handful of federal class action lawsuits have been filed several top state, and local officials were charged with criminal offenses, including involuntary manslaughter. At the beginning of this year. Democrats took over the prosecution. And then yesterday, those prosecutors said they weren't happy with how the investigation had been handled. They said they wanted to start over rather than quote, billed on a flawed foundation. The officials who are facing charges were relieved. They could get another shot in court. They say the original charges were politically motivated, but Flint residents were reportedly disappointed and confused Flynn's. Mayor Karen Weaver said she was surprised but that Justice for Flint is the priority. We'd rather go slow and be right and get accountability injustice than move quickly, because that seems to be what was done before the state's attorney general, Dana Nessel promised residents that quote Justice delayed is not always Justice denied. And the prosecution says they've got new evidence and identified additional people of interest, and that they're aggressively pursuing these leads the Flint water crisis was one of the worst manmade environmental disasters in US history. So the pressure is on. And now the least complicated story of the day. Oh my name, Jackie, and I live in Toronto Canada, I wanted to get a big setup for my amazing bad. So this Father's Day yesterday. We asked you to give us a call about a great guy in your life. And some of you got competitive. I think my other wins you told us all the things you love about your dad's grandfather's husbands and fathers law, kind, compassionate, and hardworking human been there for me through everything pans cliche. But he has. The best part about him is he makes me laugh more than anybody on the planet, he's hilarious. There was some great stories like the dad, who put his career on hold to help raise triplets. He didn't awesome job. And they're very lucky to happen, the father in law who handled housework and cooking setting a good example, for our callers husband, one of those reminders, that could have it are contagious. The conservative Catholic grandfather, who read up on the LGBTQ plus community after his granddaughter came out in a world, but often field hope with he reminds me that there are truly good people and capacity to change in the world today. You showed us that you're really proud of these guys, of course, not all dad kid relationships are great. And I are really similar we always causes up to head. But I know that one thing that he always has is best interest at heart, but there's still a lot to be grateful for the dad think for giving me your corny. Of humor terrible. Dance news and most importantly, your unconditional love and support. So, whether you call him dad grandpa or hubby, call him are super Manny happy Father's Day to all the superman. And that's all for skimmed this, thank you so much for listening this week. And don't forget, the hit subscribe, we'd love for you to share the show with your friends and rate and review us where ever you get your podcast. A lot of news, happens over the weekend. So if you wanna catch up bursting on Monday sign up for our morning newsletter. The daily skin, it's everything you need a notice. Start your day right in your inbox. You can sign up as the skim dot com.
News Headlines in 4-Minutes for June 3
"This is news headlines in four minutes with alan edwards. A coalition of israeli political parties announced wednesday night. They had agreed to a deal to form a new government paving the way for the exit of israel's longest serving prime minister benjamin netanyahu alexander reports year lapid leader of the centrist. Yesterday ted party notified. Israeli president reuven rivlin that he had managed to cobble together a coalition less than an hour before the midnight deadline the rapid holds the mandate to form the government under the agreement. It is noth- tali bennett. Leader of the small right-wing party amina and the king-maker and coalition talks who is set to become prime minister for the first two years of a four year term. Lapid will serve as foreign minister until the two men swap roles halfway through the term a large iranian naval vessel caught fire and sank wednesday in the gulf of oman official said. The ship went down near the port of jask in the gulf off the southern coast of iran. The logistical ship called the card had been part of the iranian military since nineteen eighty-four. It was named after car guyland. In the persian gulf military officials said emergency crews fought the fire for several but were unable to put it out no serious injuries or deaths were reported about four hundred crew members. Were aboard the ship. When the fire started and officials said about twenty received minor injuries the biden administration is formerly ended at donald trump immigration policy that forces tens of thousands of asylum seekers to await their. Us court dates in mexico homeland. Security secretary announced the end of the migrant protection protocols in a six page memo on tuesday stating he has determined after a review the policy does not adequately or substantially enhanced border management to justify its existence former president. Donald trump shut down his online blog. After less than a month. Jason miller a senior aide to trump told. Cnbc the blog will not be returning. It was just an exhilarate to the broader efforts. We have and are working on miller. Said now this you're listening to news headlines in four minutes. Oxygen levels have dropped in hundreds of lakes in the united states in europe over the last four decades a new study found michael patterson reports researchers examined the temperature and dissolved oxygen. The amount of oxygen in the water in nearly four hundred lakes and found that declines were widespread their study published wednesday in the journal. Nature found dissolved. Oxygen fell five point five percent in surface waters of these lakes and eighteen point six percent in deep waters. The authors said their findings suggest that warming temperatures and decreased water clarity from human activity or causing the oxygen decline. Half the us states. All of them led by republican. Governors are cutting billions of dollars in unemployment benefits for residents rebuffing a key part of president. Joe biden's response to the coronavirus recession. The payments an extra three hundred dollars per week from federal government to unemployment recipients because of the pandemic have become a part of a political battle in washington over how to best guy the country out of an economic downturn nasa plans to san to new spacecraft who steadied venus as the first us missions to the earth sized planet since one thousand nine hundred eighty nine agency administrator bill nelson said wednesday the missions known as da vinci plus and would you sanchez to analyze the searing hot atmosphere in attempt to determine how it evolved to map out the rugged surface a maryland county through a birthday party for a set of local twins who celebrated their hundredth birthday earlier. This year elaine. Foster and evelyn lane were born and raised in the county received flowers balloons gift baskets and gift certificates to their favorite restaurant at the celebration the to said they are planning to use the gift certificates for sangria and that's news headlines four minutes. I'm alan edwards.
Lights. Camera. Class action!
"This marketplace podcast is brought to you by torture, parody publishers of moonshot by Richard Weisman. Discover what landing a man on the moon teaches us about collaboration creativity and the mindset for success. Available in bookstores everywhere and at PR, H dot com slash moonshot. And by the Michigan economic Development Corporation, Evan Lyall of row. Shannon prizes is a big fan of Michigan as he put it the future of mobility, is going to be decided right here in the state is a planet dot com to find out why that's P. L. A. N. E T, M dot com. Oil spikes on news, a pair of tankers were attacked in the Middle East. I'm David Brancaccio. New York to tankers were attacked in the Gulf of Oman today, one of the ships carrying not crude oil, but methanol was hit twice by Salan. Another tanker carried Napa crews were rescued safely. But both ships were left adrift. It's not clear who did this or how the explosives were deployed. This is sharply driven up the price of oil up three point six percent in European trading. Now it's up three and a half percent. In New York trading just under fifty three dollars a barrel for the benchmark west Texas intermediate one fifth of the world's supply of oil moves through that region. Iran's government denies responsibility. There's hope among some that the Federal Reserve will surprise the world by cutting interest rates next week and not wait until later in the summer or beyond on Thursdays. We consult Diane Swonk chief economist at the tax and advisory firm grant Thornton. Good morning. Good morning. So the guardians of interest rates at the fed could wait until there is a clear and present danger, then pull the trigger, then, do you think the case has to be ironclad before they lower interest rates? Now, I think they're already there. I think they really made clear. Erin Chicago a little over week ago you her chairman Paul talking about the need to do whatever he can to do to offset the headwinds associated with this threat of trade, and actual terrorist threat of a trade war and actual chairs. And there really has been shift within the fed willingness to preemptively cut rates before the data turn south December was a cautionary tale for them where the data was all good, but sentiment shifted dramatically on them and almost triggered his own session. And this is, you know, sort of a one, eighty for the fed. So if they cut rates, you think midsummer here, July, well, certainly in the markets think eighty percent chance it will happen in July meeting. But that's six weeks away. They haven't meeting next week and have a chance to control the. Narrative, and I think it's highly possible that they pull the trigger in June control the narrative, and get out of the next six weeks of new psycho, which can be painfully long in this environment. Diane Swonk at grant Thornton. Thank you so much. Thank you. Bayer is facing a growing number of lawsuits from people who allege that ingredients in the weed killer roundup gave them cancer round up as made by Monsanto, which is now owned by bear buyer of Germany. Several round up cases of already been heard one verdict of more than two billion dollars with money like that on the table. Personal injury lawyers are unleashing quite an assault to sign up. People who think they have a case. Marketplace's Nancy Marshall genzer reports. Maybe you've heard this pitch recently on late night, TV drummed up weed killer Edward diagnosed with non Hodgkin's lymphoma calls. We're, maybe you've seen similar ads online where personal injury lawyers, urged people suffering from Messa, th-they Lioma, cancers related to talcum powder, or complications caused by surgical, mesh to all now because you may be entitled to financial compensation contact the law. One of those ads got the attention of Nancy gret singer actually a friend called me. I just sat at an ad for meshing need to call them. That was twenty eleven Kritzinger had had an operation to insert pelvic, mesh. There were complications that ultimately led to several more surgeries and permanent injury. So she made the call an intake operator for the Davis and Crump law firm in Gulfport, Mississippi took her information, gret singer turned over her health records to a lawyer and kept in touch, you know, each time I had a new surgery, they would want to know about that. Nora Freeman Angstrom teaches law at Stanford. She says firms like Davidson Crump run the ads pay the call centers do the early legwork and file the cases they are what we sometimes call referral mills because typically big cases like Ratzinger's are bundled with thousands of others and turned over to a team of lawyers who take it from there. This is a pretty well oiled machine and says Beth Birch a law professor at the university of Georgia. It can also be a money machine. There's a whole tiered network of lawyers. That can profit off of these cases, if they win lawyers take these cases on a contingency basis. But it can take years. Ray penitent is a personal injury lawyer at Daniel and associates in Houston litigations expensive. We take all that financial risk ourselves gret. Singers, case took four years to settle. She's agreed not to disclose the amount or what the lawyers got. But typically, they end up with thirty percent or more with paydays like that the ads just keep coming, even though the number of huge product liability cases around things like specis and pesticides has declined steadily. I'm Nancy Marshall genzer for marketplace. In our recent series brains and losses we explored aging and vulnerability to financial scams and what you and your loved ones can do about it. This is the kind of important indepth reporting that matters to you and to all of us at marketplace. Your donations what keeps it going? Please give today at marketplace dot org. And thank you. This marketplace podcast is brought to you by indeed. When it comes to hiring, you don't have time to waste you need help. Getting your shortlist of qualified candidates fast. That's why you need indeed dot com. Post a job in minutes. Set up screener questions than zero in on qualified candidates using an intuitive online dashboard. And we need to hire fast, accelerate your results with sponsored jobs. New users can try for free at indeed dot com slash marketplace. That's indeed dot com slash marketplace. Terms, conditions, and quality standards apply. Online pet supply store chewy is getting ready to offer its stock to the outside world tomorrow, PetSmart bought chewy in 2017 seventeen for about three billion dollars. It's expected to be valued now more than eight billion dollars. Marketplace's Kimberly Adams has more sales of pet products in the US bring in more than fifty billion dollars a year and those sales, I driven in part by what mental analysts Livia Ghana calls pet humanization I used to always think that I was. The silly one that would treat my pet like a child. But now I'm seeing that everyone's doing that. Goodnough says thirty two percent of owners say they are spending more on their pets than last year and Minto's research shows just because consumers might not be spending in other categories that doesn't mean that they're not spending more for their pets. In fact, the market for pet products has been growing at about five percent per year. That's according to David sprinkle of market research firm packaged facts, most food and beverage package categories. For example, would kill for that growth rate and they are actually unlikely to achieve it. But sprinkle says the pet supply industry, still has a lot of room to grow, especially online in Washington. I'm Kimberly Adams for marketplace. And yes, you can turn pea protein and all sorts of interesting shapes and textures. We're also covering today, how the biggest of meat processors Tyson Foods today announced it's coming out with a line of meaty, meat fish meat task products made from the. Green pea leg ume Tyson stock is up two point one percent of the moment in New York. I'm David Brancaccio with the marketplace morning before. From APM American public media.
Trump Officially Starts his Campaign; What Will Happen Between America And Iran In The Wake Of The Gulf of Oman Incident?
"Talking to the no spin news, Monday, June seventeenth two thousand nineteen take your country back tomorrow. President Trump kicks off his reelection campaign, Orlando, Florida eight PM in a address that'll be carried. I know on Fox News will carry it. I think the others will carry it, but maybe they won't it's at the Amway center. Twenty thousand it'll be sold out. Trump, it'll be energetic on his game likely to say anything I will report back to you. I'm going to get a transcript in addition to watching it. So I'm going to see the nuance. And I'll be able to on Wednesday. You know deliver pretty incisive analysis of his speech. I think we're gonna have Bernie Goldberg on Wednesday to so it'll be good show now he's doing it. President Trump for two reasons he needs to raise money as funny because last time around President Trump finances own campaign, not gonna do it this time around, it's too expensive. So we're looking five hundred million to a billion dollars. I mean that is an incredible amount of money. And he's politicians to raise, if they want to be president. That's one of the reasons the campaign starts, you know, eighteen months ahead of the vote. So the other reason is that Donald Trump is not the kinda guy to let any charges go on answered, and it's easier for him to answer the Democrats charges on the road then taken up time in the Oval Office. It's a psychological thing. Now, the mistake the president is making I, I don't know whether he'll change, but he should be using the power of the presidency to advance his own 'cause so you don't have to reply to Cory Booker Cory booker's got no shot. You know, you only have to reply if you're the sitting president to something that's fairly significant Donald Trump. He goes small ball. Now, I know it amuses him to do it tweeting and all that. But I'm not sure that's the right way to handle it. Now a word before you get into the meat of this, a word about the polls do not believe the polls, not for the reason you think it's not that the polling is skewed toward the Democrats. It will be. But now, the polling is, basically delight alike, Donald Trump or not match went to these presidential polls are all Bernie Sanders beating Donald Trump in Iowa by the that's bull. He's not running Bernie Sanders, not the nominee. And if you look at the methodology of the polling, it's twice as many Democrats Lesch independence, is Republicans twice as many. So he's no chance. Now, the media does report the methodology it would never do that. And they want the outcome. They want everybody beating Donald Trump. So don't even bother with that, until maybe after the fifth or sixth democratic debate. Then we're kinda see who's got some traction on the democratic side. Okay. Iraq now, this is serious versus break. Here's something interesting, Glenn Beck. Launched real estate agents I trust dot com for very simple reason to help you sell your home quickly and for top dollar selling. You're buying a home is very complicated and difficult to navigate. So they chose agents with a long track record of success market value for your home cannot be done by calculation. They just can't it takes years of expertise to evaluate your market to price your home and so quickly for top dollar home sellers. Must genuinely like the agent. They choose the trust their home, too. And that's why Beck and his team select agents that are fans of his like you are so. Get moving with real estate agents. I trust dot com. Real estate agents. I trust dot com. So the Pentagon is, basically getting ready to hit them military. All carriers plays the troops in place. Land forces in read ahead now not going to be an invasion, Iran, which is Persia big country nog nap, but there could be air action, I wipe out their navy bomb their nuclear facilities. Whatever may be airfields, but it would take a direct attack from Iran on US forces. Even if that happened twenty five percent of the American people, and the media wouldn't buy it, unless they see video tape and then day was doctored. Do you never gonna get a consensus? But if President Trump and a Pentagon believed that Iran is tacking you as forces that will be military action. Here's the secretary of state roll. It is the assessment of the United States government that the Islamic. Republic of Iran is responsible for the attacks that occurred in the Gulf of Amman today. This assessment is based on intelligence. The weapons used the level of expertise needed to execute the operation recent similar Iranian attacks on shipping. And the fact that no proxy group operating in the area has the resources and proficiency to act with such a high degree of sophistication. All right. You'll remember Colin Powell though convincing the world that Iraq and weapons of mass destruction. Secretary say careful. However, the two tankers that were hit in the Gulf of Oman. We're flying under Panama and Marshall Islands flags Panama ally. Ships registered there because it's very little taxes Marshall Islands, I think is the same thing. Anyway, they were hit by minds and Corey executor say nobody else has capacity to do that in the area. All right. So when you are visiting us reading my column or listening to the radio broadcasts, we have almost every day. Now. Go into our store and get some the free yourself, mother's day over now by something. Nice hat Oman, books going vacation my books. Fund be trees. Now, the quick break final thought on the women's soccer team in a moment. Go if you are over the age of fifty I have an important message for you. There's a true alternative to AARP the liberal retirement group that lobbies in favor of progressive policies for less than twenty dollars a year and amac membership gives you members only pricing on car insurance roadside assistance discounts on hotels and travel. Cellphone plans discount dental plans and on and on and on and on. So please joy more than one million fellow Americans right now at amac dot US. That's amac dot US. And yes, I am a member. Is it, amac dot US, amac dot US? So here's a final thought of the day, you know, somebody asked me a question of the week and I could not answer that bothers. Me. I'm usually a blabbermouth. I can answer almost anything is why is the women US soccer team so good. And a man, they don't do that. Well in international competition. I don't know. I know soccer a little bit. Some my favorite sport. But I know what's going on out there. I lived in England for years. People are nuts over soccer. They're okay. But I don't know why the women are so good. And the Manar now the women, I think they learn listening. It's Thailand, we go to them for over celebrating and rubbing it into a poor team. They want three nothing in two. They beat them over in France. And now they play on Thursday Sweden, their favorite US women's team is favourite I think they could go to the final round. I think they could. I hope they I hope they'd be hey, don't get to taken with you. So you representing America. I know that was at girls aim I have begins with an M last name. She doesn't like America. Whatever doesn't like Trump. But, you know, you're representing us we want people like you. We want you to win, watch people alike you while you're winning. So I think it's all straightened out over there, and I hope so I'm rooting for him go, US women's soccer team. See you tomorrow.
Whats yours has mines: the Gulf of Oman attack
"Technology today has never been smarter but smart only matters when you put it to good use. Together, we can build a smarter future for all of us. Let's put smart to work. Find out how at IBM dot com slash smart. Hello and welcome to the intelligence on economist radio. I'm your host Jason Palmer every weekday. We provide a fresh perspective on the events. Shaping your world. In Rio de Janeiro violent groups, appropriate land and extort money from ordinary people for basic services. These aren't random thugs, there, well-connected, thugs often former police with links deep within Brazil's government. That makes them even harder to deal with the city's notorious drug gangs. And country music has long been borrowing elements of pop and shedding some of its down home imagery, but more changes afoot, the shawna's racial politics are now on show after a breakaway hit by a black artist was booted from the category for supposedly on being country. Enough. First up, though. It is the assessment of the United States government that the Islamic Republic of Arado responsible for the attacks that occurred in the Gulf of Amman today, America's secretary of state. Mike Pompeo lamed Iran for an attack on two tankers in the Gulf of Oman yesterday. It came just a month after a similar attack nearby on four shifts, which America also claimed was carried out by Iran, the United States will defend its forces interest, as dandruff our partners and allies to safeguard global commerce and regional stability. He suggested. Well, there are no other groups in the region that have the training capabilities for this kind of thing to shop Joshi is the economists defense at attack since he spoke. The Americans have also released a video showing a small boat removing a mind from the hull of one of the ships, and it's the kind of small boat that the Iranian revolution. Regards have been using in the region. And the American say that this points to their culpability. So all of that is obviously a very worrying escalation in the region. So let's wind back a little bit and talk about what exactly happens yesterday. Well, this date to ships in the Gulf was long which is right next to the strait of all Moos a key oil and gas waterway were hit by some kind of attack initially it was thought to be a torpedo, perhaps a mind, one of the ships was carrying methanol. The other one was carrying crude oil forty four of the crew were rescued. One of them was injured, but the ships were in absolutely terrible condition. Those huge plumes of smoke coming out of them. And this is worrying because it's one of the busiest routes for seaborne oil trade in the world, the straight of all news, I think carries about thirty percent. A seaborne oil trade. It's an absolutely vital chirp point. And if it keeps getting. Struck like it was this week. It's going to have major consequences for world energy markets. It's going to have major consequences for the Arab states in the region. Who are the major oil-exporters in that part of the world? And the tiny of these strikes is also extremely curious. How do you mean? Well, Shinzo Ave, the Japanese Prime minister walls in Iran. He was meeting Iran's president Hassan Rohani and on Thursday itself as the attacks took place, he was missing very unusually for any for western western allied leader. He was meeting the supreme leader, Ayatollah Khamenei, and that was essentially seen as sort of US encouraged effort by Japan to try and find a way to begin a dialogue between the US, Iran amid a period of spiraling tensions in a sense that the, the nuclear deal was falling apart, the region in Yemen in the Gulf of imam was becoming more tense and Japan was supposed to be de escalating that and ironically, one of the ships that was hit was carried. Being Japanese cargo. So why then if it were actually around who did this? Why would they do that during what seems to be a sensitive, diplomatic moment, will the Russian Al would be that Iran has something of a history all's attacks on shipping. Particularly in the nineteen eighties at to prolonged Tanka war with Iraq, which ravaged shipping in the straight of Hormuz and the Persian Gulf region. And this time round, we have to remember that Iran is under enormous pressure from the United States on the sanctions to prevent them from selling their oil in the last couple of months, a US has tried to shut down any oil exports from Iran to its Asian customers, who previously had sanctions waivers. So Iran is understandably furious at this. The US aim is to pressure, Iran over the nuclear deal to force around to reopen those talks into into essentially agree to a more favorable deal for America. Iran wants to show. It has leverage why. One of the sorts of leverage. It may have is the ability to influence shipping in this international waterway and to say that if we not loud to export oil. Well, our, our adversaries, the United Arab Emirates Saudi Arabia. They won't be allowed to export oil. It's impossible to escape comparisons with the, the attacks that happened. Very nearby. Almost exactly a month ago. Do you believe they're linked and that the motivations behind them would be the same? It's very hard to see how they wouldn't be linked. The American certainly think that Iran conducted the attacks a month ago as well that I it was around that planted mines on the four ships that were anchored off the United Arab Emirates, and that also was a moment of serious tension. That was just days after the Iranians had said they would would draw from provisions of the nuclear deal, it was very shortly after the Americans had escalated sanctions on Iran, and I think it wouldn't surprise me at all to learn that this was the next stage in Iran effort to. Apply. Calibrated calculated pressure on international shipping to show the United States. If you can put pressure on us, we can put pressure on you through your allies through the international shipping channels. But don't think we will sit back and swallow all of these sanctions, you were throwing at us, but it's not just America who will be paying attention here. What does this mean for, for the wider region, and, and the other entanglements that Iran has well, I think the most serious esscalation occurring in parallel is in Yemen in Yemen in recent months. We have also seen an escalation between the Saudi led coalition and the who the rebels who have in the past being backed by Iran in some very serious ways in the past few days, we saw a Hootie cruise missile attack on a airport in Saudi Arabia that injured dozens of civilians. And again when the lost tanker attack took place about a month ago, we saw a attack. Doc on oil pumping stations in Saudi Arabia by who drone. So the sense of by tally Arabians in others, is that Iran is putting pressure on the region. Not just at sea, but also through the Hootie movement on Saudi Arabia on the UAE on it. Our allies and intern Saudi Arabia is putting pressure on the who 'this whom it sees us Iranian proxies. So, in other words, this esscalation at sea is probably also connected to escalation in Yemen, and that's very bad news for Yemeni civilians caught up in the civil war over there. And so where do you see this ending that where, where does the esscalation stop? Or how could it be stopped? Well, let's remember that if Iran is responsible. It's trying to stay below the threshold of US military escalation, it's trying to keep its attacks if it is a on at a sufficiently low and calibrated level that it doesn't give the Americans excuse to attack. But of course that's a very dangerous game to play. We don't know how. How the United States will respond in the one thousand nine hundred ninety s when international shipping was repeatedly attacked at one point. The Americans lost patients and conducted a huge campaign of airstrikes on Iranian boats, and Iranian oil platforms. Now John Bolton America's national security adviser, a very hawkish man. Macy some advantage in a similar show of force, for now, his Arab allies, don't want to escalate to the use of force that would disrupt their economies. It would disrupt oil shipping even further. But I think we are now in a situation where it's easy to see how a misunderstanding a miscalculation could easily result in a serious serious military response by the United States against their own to Sean. Thank you very much for joining us. Thank you. Here on the intelligence. We aim to give you a daily burst of global illumination just like we do every week in print, if you enjoy listening to us or sister podcasts on a columnist radio considered taking out a subscription to the economist. Just visit economist dot com slash radio offer. He'll get twelve issues for twelve dollars economist dot com slash radio. Offer. Thanks for listening. We live in a world. That's creating a enabled everything a world with more. I o t devices than people today. Technology has never been smarter. But smart only matters when you put it to work where it matters when we put smart to work, we can help save species increase crop yields and make progress, but not just for a few of us for all of us. So let's get to it. Let's put smart to work. Find out how at IBM dot com slash smart. When John edibles and auto was elected president of Brazil last year. It was on a promise to restore law and order. In his inauguration speech, he called for strengthening the police LuPone grass, and also no other party. Judy is also put pulse policy is desire and the armed forces to Naza force tomatoes. Then shortly into his term, he signed a decree. Making it easier for citizens to buy and own guns. Security begins at home. He said, indeed, Mr. Wilson autos record on security in his own hometown of Rio de Janeiro is mixed a big problem is militias, who seemed to be very well connected. The president's son Flavio used to employ relatives of an alleged militia boss another of Mr. Wilson. Otto's sons used to date the daughter of an alleged militiamen who was arrested for alleged involvement in the murder of an opposition politician named Mario Franko. All deny wrongdoing. But in and around Rio evidence of the stubborn power of militias is everywhere. I went to a place called Duquet Coscia, which is an industrial city of around nine hundred thousand people north of Rio de Janeiro, sir muslin is the economists Brazil correspondent, I climbed a hill there in the neighborhood called Salvato with a local environmental activists who showed me hundreds upon hundreds of nearly identical. Tin roof, shocks, according to her, this whole area, used to be federal land swampland, but a couple of decades ago, groups called militias started snatching up the land filling it in with dirt building houses, and selling them to poor people. These militia groups control everything in the neighborhood charging, the people who live in the houses for water. Cooking gas TV the internet. And they enforce there. Control with the threat of violence to who are these militias said, the militias are violent paramilitary groups made up in a lot of cases of current and former rogue police officers and other agents of the state security apparatus, they got their start offering false security to people in peripheries of Rio that were neglected by the government. But these days, they're essentially mafias that make their money by extortion Rio de Janeiro is more typically known for its problems with drug gangs, and the violence, that they cause these militias are equally feared and in some ways, they're even more difficult to deal with, because they're often people with close connections to the state. So how can you sort of see their power in places around Rio? The story of militias is really one of impunity. There are arrests. All the time. But often those accused get out of jail and the groups haven't been dismantled that side, the presence of militias is kind of a big open secret. It's, it's easy to tell by what these neighborhoods look like. And what people in them say, you know, in hushed voices about what's happening. So we would do you mean you can see their influence, one of the most telltale signs of militias is something called. Gotcha Nici, which is a snarl of illegal internet and television cables. When you see a telephone pole with thousands of cables coming out of it, that signals that someone is hooking it up off the official bread and charging people for it. And so is the influence the effects of these militias getting worse. They've been a problem for a long time. And there was a period about ten years ago when the state government investigated them. And expose them. However, they found ways to adopt and become less brazen, and more enterprising and the violence has continued they made headlines last year. When a black queer city council woman named mighty Franco was murdered. And a militia from the western Rios suspected in her death. But as part of his campaign, Mr. Bolsonaro made pledges about getting getting rid of this kind of corruption, this kind of violence. Yes. That's right. Bolsonaro was elected largely, because he promised to bring down the violence in Brazil Rios an important test for Bolsonaro. He's from Rio his family's from Rio and and Rio is really a symbol for Brazil's moments of triumph and its moments of struggle, so far though, he talks all the time about rating, Brazil of corrupt politicians and criminals and drug gangs. He's really downplayed the danger of militias some of his policies, people fear could make militias rain, even stronger. He's made it easier for all Brazil. Aliens to carry weapons, implying that people need to protect themselves from criminals, because the government's not going to do it. And his government has also proposed bills that would make it really tough for police to get in trouble for committing excesses and even killing people on the job. So so what should be done? What is the way out of this? So it's interesting because both in our as Justice Minister Sergio Moto has suggested applying some of the same tactics used to tackle corruption in Brazil in the lava, Jato investigations to taking on organized crime. Specifically a follow the money strategy that goes after the economic activities of the militias and the drug gangs. That sounds good. And that strategy will be put to the test in Favila visited called Mozelle where two buildings illegally, constructed by militias collapse. In April killing twenty four people when I went there, the government was clearing the bodies from the rubble and police investigators were starting to try to track down who is responsible at the same time all around. You could hear the sounds of drilling and hammering new buildings that the militias were putting up. Sir. Thanks very much for coming in. Thanks jason. No big. It's a viral internet sensation and has now been American number one for ten weeks in town road has conquered the charts. And with it, it star little gnaws x twenty year old who made the song from his sister's couch. But it hasn't been universally beloved with its Vandross Strom, introduction cowboy theme and lyrics like riding on a tractor and Wrangler on my booty not to mention a very catchy chorus. Little now's access old town road should be a country music hit. It has Nash, Rosemary award is economists New York correspondent it was kicked off Billboard's country music charts, two months ago for not embracing enough elements of today's country, music, billboard went on to tell Rolling Stone magazine that the decision to take the song off the country charts had nothing to do with the race of the artists little gnaws ax is a twenty year old African American will happen to blend, hip hop rock and country music in this song, and does not look like the typical country music singer, the John Ritter stars tend to be white as well as overwhelmingly male, what happened to old town road is a demonstration of the shifting dynamics of this all American John rea- country. Music's greatest strength has been its ability to celebrate real working, folks. But it seems that those real working folks tend to be white. Country music has typically promoted and its imagery, and its lyrics and an implied white identity and an increasingly very masculine one. So how is that changing? Well, recent paper in borough, sociology at journal examined, the shifting masculinity and mainstream country music, it's author, Brandon Lee who is a professor at Mississippi State university, analyzed the lyrics top songs on the weekly billboard country music charts from the early eighties, right through the twenty tens and found that in the early years, men were usually depicted as breadwinners and stand up guys. You know, think eighteen wheels and a dozen roses by khaki Mataz a good example from nineteen eighty eight. But that has changed over the past decade. More songs objectify, women and our bad hooking up his examination of their ex also found that masculinity and rightness at become more closely linked references to blue eyes and blond hair were completely absent in the nineteen eighties or nearly absent by the two thousand such references were definitely taking up a larger proportion of the songs on the radio. Featuring by Jaco and from two thousand fourteen is another good example of this. So he found that the lyrics have been changing. I presume that the artists themselves have to yes. Exactly country. Radio is a powerful gatekeeper and increase. Only female artists are disappearing from country music, airplay, Jada Watson musicologist from the university of Ottawa looked at radio airplay and found that women began to millennium but about a third of the songs on the air and that dropped to just eleven percent twenty eighteen that's a sixty six percent decline. So, so the imagery is changing and the gender demographics are changing, but the, the experience of old town road suggests that there's some, some ructions around race as well. Absolutely. Although there've been a few stand up black artists going back to the fifties, like Charley pride and more recently dairies, Rucker, and Kane Brown have all been extraordinarily successful. You don't hear too many African American country. Ours is on the radio. Some popular white artists. Rapped on country. Did he's yet as little NAS X old town road shows when a young black man in a hip hop? Context uses similar imagery and signs that we might hear from that, same white male artists who dominates country radio. He doesn't get much play. So where do you think this is going in ten twenty years time? What do you think country music will look and sound like well country music historian, Charles Hughes told me that the fact that little gnaws exit to force his way in as a real commentary on country. Music's long-term racial politics, country music has always had a very uneasy relationship with blackness, but I think his crossover appeal he's currently at the top of all of the pop music charts shows that perhaps the gates of controlled country music or starting to fall. Rosemary. Thank you very much for joining us. Thank you. That's all for this episode of the intelligence if you like us give a rating on podcasts, and you can subscribe to the economist at economist dot com slash radio. Offer twelve issues for twelve dollars or twelve pounds. See about your own Monday.
Midday News Brief for Friday, June 14th
"Here. The extraordinary secrets of how to thrive in disrupted world, the old rules of management are not ready, correct anymore. So what works making a wise, pivot, pivot to the future, will I am Omar Abba, subscribe wherever you get your podcasts. I'm Jay are Whalen, and the newsroom at the Wall Street Journal in New York, Iran, rejected assertions by the US that it is responsible for Thursday's explosions on oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman. The US central command, though, has released a video that it says showed an Arabian vessel removing a mine from the hall of one of the ships operated by Japan, but Iranian officials suggested the US or its allies were behind the attacks. Instead, Also Friday brings more news on tariffs. No, it doesn't involve China or Mexico. India says it will impose higher tariffs on some goods imported from the US. The move is in response to a US move earlier this month to remove some special trade benefits intended, for some developing economies that India had enjoyed resulting in seven percent tariffs on Indian exports of goods like chemicals auto parts and tableware to the US. India is currently the US's ninth largest trading partner and transportation secretary, Elaine. Chow has sold her shares in a paving material supplier, after a Wall Street Journal report this week that you hadn't fulfilled a two thousand seventeen pledge to relinquish those shares. Chow is married to Senate majority leader, Mitch McConnell and sold her shares in Vulcan materials on June. Third, we have more details on these stories and other news of the day at wsJcom and the WSJ app.
Ship Attacks, Sarah Sanders, Reduction of Police Training, More from Alabama, and Some News!
"Hello, everyone and welcome back to whiskey tangos rundown before we get started. I wanna give you guys a heads up. I am horribly exhausted tonight, so I'm going to ask you to bear with me. And I am actually going to discuss the reasons for it at the end of the podcast. So please, you hang in there, because it's not only that, but I'm going to be discussing some possible changes coming in the future. But before we get into that we are going to get into the news, we're going to start off with the oil tankers that got attacked over in the Gulf of Amman. We are also talk about Sarah Sanders stepping down. We're going to talk about a city council proposing giving themselves raises by cutting police draining. We're gonna talk about California inmates now being allowed to possess marijuana in their prison cells. We are also going to talk about Alabama approve. Irving chemical castration, and that is pretty much about. It's a, let's go ahead and get started. And we are going to go over to Fox News talk about those oil, taggers, I'm not gonna get to in depth in this, this is actually a this is this is actually an ongoing story. There's ongoing investigations. There's a whole lot of stuff here, but I wanted to mention this, you guys, hopefully you heard about this in the news. This has been all over the news, this pretty much the most of the week. For those of you who don't know they were actually two tankers that were damaged over in the Gulf of Oman, and they had evacuate cruise things that nature caused fires, and all of that they were not US ships. They were let's say. Okay, let's just take a look at oracle. This is an article from Fox News and this is not an updated article. This is an article from when it I actually happened, and it says to oil, tankers were damaged in a suspected attack off the Gulf of Amman early Thursday, prompting the rescue of dozens of, crew members, the US navy's Bahrain-based, Fifth, Fleet said it is assisting two tankers in the Gulf of Amman after saving to distress Kohl's, details of the incident are unclear. But one of the operators made an made an unconfirmed report that a torpedo hit hit ship. So the two ships that were involved, the first one is the international tanker management, that is the Mt front al-tair. And according to this site here that one is actually flagged by the Marshall Islands. As you can see here. If you're watching the video, and the other one is actually a Panama flag, but Japanese owned ship, I am going to horribly mispronounce this but co Kuka courageous is what the other ship was. As of right now, there is a whole lot of countries that are discussing this right now. There's a lot of arguments going on. You've got Saudi Arabia. You gotta ran. You got Korea got Japan, you've got varies European countries. The United States at cetera et cetera. This is one that needs to be monitored. I don't wanna go in the whole lot of editorializing on this or anything right now because, as I said, there is still a lot of information coming out there. There have been videos that have shown what appears to be a smaller vessel next to this oil, tanker, removing unexploded mines. And there's a there's a lot of information that's coming out. I know there was a, there was a drone the United States was flying drone over it for some reason, and they apparently Iran apparently fired on it. There's a whole lot of stuff going on with us. When end right now, I think this is definitely a humongous story that needs to be monitoring, if you guys aren't gonna monitor any stories, or if you're not that big into monitoring this stuff. I highly recommend monitoring this one. There's new information coming out constantly on this one and because of the amount of countries that are involved in the amount of arguments and disagreements that are happening. It's definitely worth keeping an eye on because we've got allies who are agreeing with us ally. Is who are not agreeing with us. Allies were -greeing with Japan and yada, yada. It's, it's really kind of becoming a bit of a mass right now. So if you are not going to pay attention to any other story, for right now, this is the story that you should be focusing on. So just keep an eye on that one with that we are gonna move onto Sarah Sanders, and this is from the USA today. Sarah Sanders leaving as White House press secretary Trump and she may run for Arkansas. Governor at that is the worst headline. I have ever read my life, and I'm saying that because of the fact that he didn't really hint that she may run for Arkansas governor. He just said it would be nice. If she did she has not confirmed that she is considering running for Arkansas governor, there's, there's none of that kind of stuff going on. But he kind of added that in, you know, how they when their press, secretaries or other people leave. They kind of say these nice words about them and everything that was just something he threw in there. It'd be nice if she ran for governor of Arkansas. I don't know why that made it into the headline. I have no idea. Why should that made it into the headline? She has not said that she's going to run for governor of Arkansas. Nobody else's suggested that she's going to run for governor of Arkansas. Trump just said it would be nice if she did. Okay. So what is going on here? Why did she leave and I have heard several people saying why or his press secretary leaving and such short order? Because as you guys remember the first press secretary for Trump was actually Sean Spicer. He was not there very long. Okay. Sarah Sanders air for about two and a half years. Okay. As it says here after three and a half years are wonderful Sarah Huckabee Sanders will be leaving the White House at the end of the month and going home to the great state of Arkansas. He said, apparently referring to her work on his twenty sixteen campaign. In addition to two and a half years in the White House press office. Okay. So is that an abnormal short amount of time? Well from the research that I did. I was actually kind of curious about that. I self as I said, Sean Spicer was the first one he didn't last very long. And she took over for Sean Spicer. She actually filled in for him when he went off to do his stuff at the naval reserve. And then when he decided to step down. They move Sarah Sanders into possession permanently. She stayed there for two and a half years. The average time is actually about two point nine years. That is about the average. And if I'm remembering correctly, I believe, President Obama over the course of eight years. I can't remember if he had three or four press secretary's, but he had somewhere in the three or four range, the average amount of time is two point nine years. And the reason behind very short runs is generally a change of president. Okay. So that's where all that stands. So with that being said. What exactly is all the conjecture go around all of this? So we're going to skip the entire article and we're gonna go down to the area where they tell us about how horrible Sarah Sanders was, so we're gonna go right to that part of the article. That's like a staple in every single article ever is this person is stepping down for office. Here's all the facts. Now here's fifteen paragraphs of how awful they are. And we are going right into that. So let's go ahead and read this and as I said, this is from USA today, her departure comes months after the long-awaited report by special counsel, Robert Muller on Russian interference in the twenty sixteen election, while the report said there was insufficient evidence of any conspiracy between the Trump campaign and Russia at detailed steps by the president's undermined the investigation. The report did not reach a conclusion on whether Trump obstructed Justice, but it also did not exonerate him in the report Muller said Sanders admitted to making this leading statements to reporters when discussing Trump's rationale for the firing of former FBI director James Comey in two thousand seventeen at the time Sanders told reporters that Komi me comb. Comi was fired because he lost his confidence in the president is apartment of Justice members of both parties of congress, and most importantly, the rank and file of the FBI had lost confidence in Komi. The next category of this. Isn't it labeled slip of tongue a reporter challenge Sanders during the televised, breathing looks Anders chided, the reporter we have heard from countless members of the FBI that say very different things, but Sanders sold investigators that the comments were a slip of the tongue and said, a similar claim during an interview was made in the heat of the moment, and was not founded on anything. The incident was one of several throughout Sanders, tenure that left some question, her credibility Sanders like White House press secretary's had a combative relationship with reporters to retention for refusing to say, whether she believes the press is the enemy of the people align coined by Trump. She also faced routing last year when Trump lawyers acknowledged the president dictated statement, released by Donald Trump junior about a controversy meeting with the Russian lawyer and Trump Tower Sanders months earlier explicitly denied that Trump dictated, the statement Sanders among the longest serving members of Trump's inner circle over so a steady decline in the daily press briefing a form of reporters. To press the White House of her answers. And for the administration to pitch its message to networks and newspapers. So that's pretty much what you've got there is any of that at all related to her stepping down. I have no idea. They kinda throw that out there that it kind of happened and a timely fashion, 'cause she did as it's there, there was some there was some question over statements. She had made. There were the statements about Kony, and there was also apparently the statement here with Trump junior as it said, there, she also face Gertie last year when Trump lawyers acknowledged the president dictated statement released by John Trump junior with controversial meeting with the Russian lawyer, and Trump Tower Sanders months earlier explicitly denied the Trump dictated the statement. So those two things are pretty big. Nothing was mentioned as far as why she stepped down. This is sort of, you know, everybody's kind of trying to hint that she was pressured into stepping down. She I don't know. It doesn't sound like it to me. It sounds like she's just stepping down. And it sounds according to the law of averages. It seems that she's stepping down around the average amount of time. You gotta look at the position this way. No matter who the president is in, no matter, who the press secretary is. This is not an easy job. You're being inundated on a regular basis by press and everybody else, especially this lady. I mean, even she can't even go out to dinner with her family. Okay. So unkind surprised she lasted as long as she did. She lasted two and a half years. And if we're going to be completely honest, here I'm completely shocked. She lasted as long as she did. But she did she pulled it throw. She was a tough lady. Trump Lefter with good words, he made the comment about her running for governor again. I don't hope she's actually going to run for governor, apparently, according to USA today, it was, it was a hint that she might do so, and maybe she will. I don't know. Maybe that is a plan. Maybe she said something that she wants to run for governor. I have no idea. I have absolutely no idea as of right now. We really don't know why it is that she stepped down other than she just decided to step down. It just seems to be a little bit timely, since it was so close to after the molar report being released and things of that nature, a lot of people are coming up with their own theories. And their, you know, their own ideas about all of this right now that pretty much is all it is just theories, and conjecture. And what people probably hope it was honesty with, with the political climate. We're in there, probably their hopes and dreams of why she's stepping down. But right now, we've really honest cut don't know why. So they go, you've got that information. Let's go ahead and move on. Okay. So this one is actually from defense maven blue lives matter. And this is the city council proposes giving themselves raised by cutting police training and this is actually happening in Charlotte. North carolina. Okay. Here we go. Some city council members are favor of cutting the police apartments crisis intervention training budget in order to give themselves raises Charlotte's councilman. Braxton, Winston requested that the city manager increases salaries for the mayor and city council members during a meeting and may twin it on may twenty second WB, TV reported, I would like to know what the county commissioners making salary, and I would like to ask that the city council and mayor salaries be put in line with what county commissioners make county commission makes Winston told city manager Marcus Jones during the meeting, okay. So if he doesn't know what they're making then how is he asking to be put in line with if they're making ten thousand dollars a year? I mean think about what that quote, there, I would like to know what the county commissioners make in salary. And I would like to ask that city council and the mayor salaries be put in line with what county commission makes. Okay. So if he if he's asking that question is he trying to make it sound like he doesn't know and if he doesn't know why would he be? Asking for city council, and the mayor salaries be put in line with the county commission. Whatever let's move on city councilman. Matt Newton and city. Councilwoman lewanda Mayfield s if it would be possible to cut one million dollars of the two million dollars that had been set aside for Charlotte Mecklenburg. Police departments crisis intervention training, WBZ TV purported police departments across the nation have increased their crisis intervention training for officers because of the increase in law enforcement, having to deal with people experience, a mental mental health crisis on a regular basis. The goal is to teach officers to DSP the esscalation skills to deal with people experiencing mental health episode who may be threatening to harm themselves or others during a police incident, reducing the chances of the incident will end with a deadly use of force, according to the National Alliance of mental illness. This is the issue that I have with this right now. We've had several high profile shootings in the news right now, that had to do with people who were shot by the police who were in the middle of a mental health crisis. Why would we wanna take away training to prevent those kinds of shootings in the future? I'm sorry. But that's what this department is for the crisis intervention training is supposed to be there to help these officers recognize a mental health crisis. And how did the escalate instead of shooting the person? My state is a little screwed up right now with all the police stuff. Okay. Because I know we have another county in the state where the, the sheriff decided, first of all, the, the deputies are not allowed to wear sunglasses when they're talking to people. So that's the first step. And then the second step is that he decided that they're no longer allowed to use like the tasers stun-guns. He wants them to go, quote unquote, hands on know what they're going to do is they're gonna go firearms on. So you've just increase the possibility of your deputies opening fire on somebody that they previously would have used tasers on. And I had somebody on Facebook, make the comment that they're glad that they did this because tasers kill tasers kill occasionally, okay? I'm not going to say that they have never killed anybody. Because they have killed somebody, I have actually taken the ride, and I can tell you it feels like you're dying. It's, it's a horrible horrible feeling that I don't wish on anyone. And I will never personally take in, but it feels like you're dying, but you're not actually dying. Okay. And again, like I said, there have been incidences in the past where people have been killed by tasers, the incidences of cops shooting able have ended up in a lot more deaths than than when cops have shot somebody with Taylor. So I'm not sure why we would remove less than lethal means of stopping situation and expect the cops is just go hands on, they're not going to go hands on they're going to guns on now. We're looking at this where they're taking away the crisis intervention training for. And we're gonna have more cops who are in Huckabee, properly drained, who are going out in the street dealing with people who are having a mental health episode, and they're going to not be trained well enough to figure out how to de-escalate the situation, which is gonna, which is going to amount and more people being shot and killed. Do we not see the issue here? Do we not see the problem? Okay. There's people are dying, and we're going backwards instead of going forward. We're not trying to fix the situation. We're making the situation worse. Okay. Why why are we doing that because you wanna raise? Okay. Now, I'm going to skip down here and I'm gonna show you where it says. The Charlotte city council members earn a salary of ninety thousand eight hundred nine dollars per year, plus another eight thousand nine hundred dollars Oto in technology allowances, according to WBZ. Okay. Now, the next paragraph here says. But the city council positions are not considered fulltime jobs, and those elected are expected to continue having jobs outside, despite complaints from someone like that officials that they don't have time according to Charlotte. Observer, now I can tell you the city council in my town. Now, I do not live in a city anywhere near the size of Charlotte, the place that I live in is not considered city. It's town. It wants to be city at desperately desperately wants to be a city and we're getting to the point where we're actually almost inhabited like a city with her so many people here. It's ridiculous. But we're gonna town and our city council. The members of the city council, the mayor, all of those people, they are considered part time positions, all those people have other jobs. Okay. They're all doing some other kind of form of work. I know our mayor is a stay at home dead. His wife is the one who's working and then he does part time as the mayor, that's the way these things work around this area. Is nineteen thousand eight hundred nine dollars a great salary. No, it is. If you're working part time, it's not a bad. It's not a bad salary. I don't mind the setup for this for this area. And I don't mind the setup at all for any elected position to be this way. The city council members down in Charlotte are being forced to live with what they do. And I think that's the point of what they're doing there. I think that's why it's considered a part time decision. Now with all that aside. I also know that the city council meetings here in my town, Ken, go quite long. It does make having a fulltime job, a little bit of a pain in the butt, most of the time I have been to several city council meetings and things of that nature in my town. And I know that they usually start around six thirty at night, and that gives people the chance to get home from work and get there for the meetings. And I'm sure it gives the council member starting off from work as well. There have been times where the council meetings have gone. Twelve one o'clock in the morning, two o'clock in the morning, things like that, which makes a quite difficult, the next morning when you have to get up for work, because they're usually held like Tuesdays and Thursdays. So it makes it difficult for you. Gotta get up in the morning to get to work. So I completely understand where they're coming from. But at the same time, I want these people living with what they do. So everything that they do as city council members and mayor cetera et cetera. They have to go back out into the real world, and they have to live those decisions that they've made those laws they've passed. And I like that. On top of all that. Like I said, I don't wanna see any less police training, the police in the country, need, more training, not less. So if you're going to cut something let's try not cutting training for police officers that could end up saving the lives of people in the future. This is really really bad timing, we just recently had one or two, I think I might have been to that. We're in, like, like national news lately, where people who are actually in a mental health episode were shot and killed by the police, and their families were screaming and hollering about the fact that they were in the middle of mental health episode the cops, not all the time can recognize that kind of thing if somebody comes out swinging, you know, a bad or has a gun or something like that they have to act in their own best interest. At that point, I completely understand that. But if training the police officers to be able to recognize a mental health episode could possibly save the lives of people in the future, even if it's one two, three four or five people whatever those are one to five people that get to stay with their family and getting home at night that can. Actually, get treatment for the mental health issues that they're having rather than being put in the ground. I'm more concerned with putting less people in the ground needlessly than I am with making sure that the Charlotte city council is making more than nineteen thousand dollars a year. It sucks the pace ox, it, does it sucks. You can't really live on that, especially if you have a family, it sucks. Don't run for office again. I mean really just don't run for office again. And if you decide if it's if it's decided by the by the, the city of Charlotte, or the county of the Mecklenburg county that this should be on that they should get a raise. Let's consider cutting something other than police training. Seriously? Let's not do less police trading. Let's do more. Okay. Seriously? Let's go ahead. Move on. Okay. And we are going to head right back over to Fox News. And this is a very interesting law that just got passed California inmates. Can now possess marijuana in their prison cells with one catch he went on with catches before. I even start reading the article the catches that they can't use it. Okay. Here we go. A kennel appeals court ruled this week in mates can legally possess marijuana in prison. They just can't do anything with it. The third district court of appeals, twenty page ruling said, the state's voters legalization were legalized recreational possession of less than an ounce of cannabis in twenty sixteen with no exception, even for those behind bars decision, Tuesday overturned, the Sacramento county convictions of five inmates who'd been found with marijuana in their prison cells, according to the plain language of proposition proposition, sixty four possession of less than one ounce of cannabis in prison is no longer a felony. Three judge panel wrote in the world wing smoking, or ingesting cannabis in prison, remains felony, the panel rejected the state's argument that guards will lose control over prison over prisons of inmates. Free to possess. More quantities of marijuana not noting possession can still be punished as, as a rolls violation such punishments. The Mercury News says could include having good behavior credits revoked. So here's here's the, the best quote in the entire article. Or your are you saying this right here it creates? Confusion. Dan Olson defense. Attorney told FOX forty if it's illegal to take in it's illegal to use. It's illegal to use it, but now it's not illegal to have it. It's sort of like what's the point of making it not illegal to half? And that's kind of the point, that's why this whole thing is so funny, because technically it makes sense. If it's not illegal to possess in California, why the possessive prison, if they can have cigarettes and things of that nature, which are also legal, why would they not I, I'm assuming I don't know much about the California legal system. I'm assuming they could still have cigarettes. They might not be able to I have no idea. But apparently, they can they can they can have pot in their cells, but it's illegal for it to be taken in to the to the prison, and it's only go to be used in the prison, but they can have it. So why would they have it? I it just it doesn't make any sense that you're not supposed to bring in, you're not supposed to use it, but you're allowed to have it. Why would they just have it in their cell, because it looks pretty because it smells good. I mean it's not like you can't even make a work around for that say like oh, they're just gonna chew on it. Well, that would be using it, wouldn't it, which means that it's illegal. What is the point of that? I just don't even know. I it's it goes into. I know people are going to argue with the over criminalization of things and things of that nature, and that's all well and good. But these people are already in prison. I just, you know it pretty much all those takes away their, their good behavior points. Would he do? I mean it I'm sorry, but that's pretty much what it is. It's, it's gonna make everything difficult is this, Dan Olson guy is is right? Would is in what is the point of going through all of this to make it legal to have if it's not legal to bring it in. And they can't use it. What would be the point of having it, it just doesn't this seems like it was a needless law? It really does seem like it was needless law. Priorities. It's california. What can I tell you and we're gonna move onto Alabama. I am caught a cruising through all of this. This was this was a tough Newsweek this, this was really a tough Newsweek. I so just bear with me here, we're going to go to WBZ TV weren't, they just quoted one of the other articles, anybody WBZ TV, Alabama, governor science chemical castration Bill into law. Okay. So we have Alabama governor Kay Ivey has signed into law, a Bill that requires anyone convicted of a second crime of child younger than thirteen to undergo chemical chemical castration as a condition of their parole under the new law, a person required under the chemical castration must begin the treatment, no less than one month prior to their release from custody and must continue treatment until the court determines it is no longer necessary. This is painfully stupid in its own right? Okay. So what the hell is chemical castration? I'm gonna take you over to Wikipedia, which, of course, is so trusted, but we're gonna go to Wikipedia anyway. According to Wikipedia chemical castration is castration via an that an aphrodisiac drugs, whether to reduce libido, or sexual activity to treat cancer, otherwise. Unless unlike surgical castration where the Goan ads removed incision in the body. Chemical castration does not remove organs, nor nor is it a form of civilization. Chemical castration is generally considered reversible. When treatment is discontinued. Although permanent effects in body. Chemistry can sometimes be seen as in the case of bone density loss, increasing the length of the use of the MPA in two thousand sixteen the New York Times reported a number of countries use chemical castration on sex, offenders often in return for reduced sentences. So the effects of it just because I know people are going to be curious on, males the effect is, when used on males these drugs can reduce sex drive, compulsive, sexual fantasies and capacity for sexual arousal life threatening side effects are rare but some users show increases in body fat, and reduced bone density, which increase long-term risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis. They may also experience guy. No come ask the development of larger than normal memory glands males that pretty much means that they're gonna grow, Bruce. So pretty much it's supposed to cut down on the sexual fantasies and their ability to actually have sex now on females. When used on females the effects are similar, though. There is little research about chemically lowering female sex drive, or females Pacific and easy axe since most research focuses on the opposite, but anti and Andrew genyk hormone regiment health, God. Like I said, I'm exhausted regimes would lower testosterone in females which can impact sex drive or sexual response. These drugs, also deflate the breast glands and expand the size of the nipple also seen a sudden shrinking and bone mass in this colorization of lips. Reduced body hair and muscle mass. So pretty much in men, it'll make them grow boobs in women. It'll get rid of their boobs. And the big issue with it is, of course, the bone density because that can cause issues with the heart and also it can also cause osteoporosis. So those are the bad side effects for it. I will put a lengthy onto the story here because there was a whole lot of stuff here. There's stuff about the use of it in various countries. There's issues with the use of it is a treatment for cancer, the use of it against sex offenders and things of that nature. So if you guys actually read into that, please do keep in mind that it is. Why Kapiti and Wikipedia can be edited by complete strangers who may not know a darn thing about the topic. So just keep that in mind while you're reading that if it's a topic that interests you, I do I do highly recommend that you use other sources other than what Kapadia, but I just wanted to give you guys a general idea of what it is. So with that being said, let's move on in the article to where it says, people say, this is inhumane, how can it be any more inhumane than the thing? Mulch old now. That's one of the most inhumane things there are. The Alabama Civil Liberties Union which came out against the legislation said mandating chemical castration could violate the US constitution's eighth amendment, which forbids the use of cruel and unusual punishment. I'm assuming that the use of for one unusual punishment. There is not based on the sexual arousal part of it, but the health complications that come along with it. Remember as we were saying from the Wikipedia article, it does close issues with cardiovascular and bone density. It can also cause men to grow brass, and it can cause women to have an issue with their breasts becoming smaller. I'm not sure if that's what they're talking about, as far as the cruel and unusual punishment. But I would assume that, that would be the biggest part of it. Because especially if you're causing a bone density issue that can cause broken bones and things of that nature. So that obviously is inflicting pain. The law requires the Alabama department of public health to administer the treatment, which would reduce the production of testosterone or other hormones in the body. They really misunderstand. What sexual assault is about sexual assaults about sexual gratification. It's about power. It's about control said, Roundell Marshall, executive, the executive director of the ACLU of Alabama Ivy has had been mum on whether she was. Support the legislation until recently, giving her approval on Monday the final day for what she could sign bills into law on legislative session. So that's pretty much the arguments for it. I'm not sure how much good this is actually gonna do because pretty much they're telling these people. You can go through this, and till we tell you that we that you could stop, which means it sometime in the future. They can be told that they can go off the chemical. Castration. The issue that I have with it is, obviously, you've got your medical side effects, but at the same time you're trusting these people to continue on with the treatment. How many of these people do you think are actually going to continue on with the treatment that would be my concern? It says here. That the law requires the Alabama department of public health to administer the treatment, which would reduce the production of testosterone other hormones in the body outta ya. What does that mean that the, the Alabama department of public health is administering the rate? What does that mean? Does that mean that they have to go someplace to be treated for it? Does it mean somebody has to come to their house to to treat them for it? There's not a lot of information, here, assuming that they're not going to be self trading. But you're trusting them to show up someplace else to be treated for something that makes it nearly impossible for them to experience sexual arousal. That's a pretty big thing to ask anybody. I'm not saying that these people, especially people who are raping children. I'm not saying that they don't deserve this kind of crap. What I'm saying is, we are being really trusting here. This is really trusting. You are. You are trusting these people to actually show up to have this treatment administered that makes it so that they cannot be sexually aroused, it cuts down on their fantasies, it cuts down on all this stuff that they have pretty much been overtaken with their entire lives. It's a regular function that most people want to enjoy for the duration of their lives. And you're, you're trusting these people, you're trusting criminals, especially criminals who hurt children. To show up to receive this treatment. I don't think this is going to end. Well, I don't think that this is going to go the way that they're planning on going 'cause I don't see a whole lot of these people showing up for this treatment do you I see that working out? I mean, do you see these people voluntarily showing up? I know that they're required by you know they're the stipulations of their release, or whatever the case may be the you really think they're gonna show up for it. I'm sure some of them will. Okay. I'm sure some of them will will show up in. Have these treatments done for the duration of time in, especially in hopes of having it, you know, not be permanent not have them doing this for the rest of their lives. But I would be willing to assume that a large portion of these people gonna disappear and. It's one thing to have sex offenders register so that people know where they live. And, and, you know, the government knows where they're living in a make sure that they're not in your schools, and things like that. But it's a whole other story to have these people show up on a regular basis. And I don't know how often they have to have these treatments, but we're actually trusting them to go and have them. And I just. I really don't think this is going to end. Well, I really just don't think it's going to end. Well. And now we are moving into the let's chat section of the podcast, which is becoming a thing. This is the third week in a row that we're doing this. However, the big differences, the tonight, I'm not ranting. I actually have some good news. But I also want to discuss what my good news is going to mean for everything that I have been doing. Okay. So let's start off with the good news as some of you are aware because I've had some people who've been hanging out with me for quite a while. So as some of you are aware back in twenty seventeen I think it was twenty seven hundred twenty eight it might have been twenty eight whatever. I took the l set, which is the emission test for wall school at that point in time, I actually did apply to two different law schools. I was rejected from one which I was kind of expecting because it was a high end wall school, the other law school, I was put on a wait list, and I ended up actually timing out of the wait list for that school, so this past year. I was actually working from twenty eight. Eighteen into twenty nineteen. I was actually taking courses to become a paralegal. I did complete those. I have become a certificates, paralegal, certified paralegal. But I am certificates paralegal. There is a difference. Once I completed that I started looking into the information on how to become an actual certified paralegal, which is a test that has to be taken you have to pass it. And then you become certified. And I looked at the cost of it, and I looked at all that information I thought to myself, you know what before I do this something inside of me is telling me, I need to apply to law school again. So I did I replied to the school that I had been put on the waiting list for. This past week. I went in for my interview at the campus and I'm not going to name the school. So I apologize. I am not going to tell you what school, I'm going to. But I went in for my interview this past week for that particular law school and on Friday, in the evening, I got an Email from the school congratulating me on my acceptance. So I actually am going in to law school in August. So your nail listening to a future lawyer. I hope knock on everything, would you can say, but I am going to be starting in a beluga I am going to be starting in August, and it's going to be early August. So everything is going to continue to flow as normal until August, and I'm hoping through August, August is orientated month now with all of that, being said the program, I entered his actually an accelerated program. It is a real juris doctor program. So. So at the end of it, I will have a juris doctor degree, and I will be putting in for approval to take the bar exam which means that I will be an actual lawyer if I passed the bar exam for those who are curious because I found out, unfortunately, I found out that not everybody wishes you will. You should've seen some of the tear up in case you guys are wondering what happened to me. On spree -ly undone with that crap. If you don't wish people. Well. I'm gonna try to keep it clean. You can bite me. I was not quite that nice on freely. I am no longer updating spryly because those people are just evil. I have come to the conclusion that they're just evil and I don't want anything to do with that. I wish people will, I hope that they're going to do the same thing for me. Do I give crap that you don't like lawyers? No nobody likes lawyers. Get over yourself. Try wishing people. Well anyway, because I found that out, I am going to tell you guys type of law that I am looking to get into, and that would be a state, that would be state and elderlaw. So I am not actually going in for criminal law or anything like that, 'cause they had a lot of people have been like oh, you can get up, and, you know, defend this, and do this, and you can fix that. And I'm like, no hang on hang on. I'm going into elderlaw and estate planning. It's, it's not that exciting. So just calm down. So, like I said, with all that being said it is an accelerated program. It is going to be done into and a half years. I am not expecting to sleep until the year twenty twenty one now. What does that mean for everything that I have been doing some of you do some of you do not realize that I have a website? I have several video channels, which it's all the same videos on all the channels. I am also running this podcast, and I have a lot of social media that I am continuously running. How is the wall school thing going to affect all of that? Well, I am going to be completely blunt all of this crap is going to suffer horribly the podcast. The website videos they are going to suffer horribly. You can choose the bear with me or not as I stated in the past. This is a hobby one I'm doing here is a hobby. I enjoy it. This is a passion for me. I really love doing what I'm doing, and I'm hoping that, while I'm in law school, I'm going to be able to keep it up. But the bottom line is that this juris doctor degree is my future that is what is going to put a roof over my head and food on the table. What I'm doing. Here is a hobby. I haven't made a red cent off of any of this. I enjoy doing it. I'm having fun doing it. I am not going to allow this to get in the way of my education. So. What does that mean? That means the things could get a little sloppy as far as the videos and the podcasts. They're pretty much the same thing as most of you are aware the podcast is the podcast, and that eventually gets turned into a video, which gets put up at YouTube, it, shoot and Utah gone exchange. So they, they do go hand in hand every once in a while on a rare occasion. I will pop up opponents video. Sometimes it turns into a bonus episode podcast. Sometimes it doesn't. I am going to do my best to actually keep that kind of thing up. I'm also going to do my best to keep up the website as of right now because the videos and the podcast, I haven't been keeping the website up as well as I should anyway. So I'm not really sure that I'm going to be able to keep up the website either. Does that mean that I am going to completely go away and stop doing this? No, it does not. It just means that there is a possibility that it's going to get splotch -i. I have been trying right now to keep it on a schedule and keep everything kind of constant, so that you can expect that every Sunday, there is going to be a podcast. And there's gonna be a video at ten o'clock at night, and you can tune into that, and you can look at them anytime you want to run the course of that week. Get yourself all caught up before the next one that comes out on Sunday at ten o'clock. The problem is that if I'm in law school, and I'm doing papers and I'm studying for exams and cetera et cetera et cetera. There is a possibility that, that is not going to happen. I am going to miss weeks in the podcast and the videos and I'm just not gonna worry about it. I can't afford to worry about it. The pied cast and the videos and the website are really not my future. I'm want to use them to keep my sanity. I wanna keep enjoying it. I wanna keep doing what I'm doing here because I like it, and I'm hoping that it's making a difference to somebody, I hope resonating with somebody, but the bottom line is that this is not my future. It's a hobby. The jury Stocker is going to be a career that's going to be my future. That's what I'm going to be doing. And that is that is something that I can use to actually affect some sort of change the kind of change that I wanna make. So I am gonna ask you guys to bear with me. Once I get through, once I get through law school, like I said, that's probably going to be twenty twenty one. So once I get through law school, and once I get through the bar exam, and do all of that stuff, and I get set up in a career, and I start getting everything together. I will probably get this back on schedule. Now, I don't know when we're going to go off schedule, as I said, I start in August, but it's kind of a weird setup because I believe, August is like an orientation month and it's only going to be incoming students that are at the school at that point in time. I thank if I read the paperwork correctly. I think that's what's happening. It's been a long time since I was in school. I'm a little spat out right now. But. It appears that, that's what it's going to be. And then the actual schooling starts in September. So I'm expecting this to at least be smooth through August. I think I hope I pray. I'm not positive beyond that. I don't know what's going to happen. It could remain on schedule for quite a while after September rolls around, and I actually start my education. It could remain on schedule. It could actually show up that I find that I have more time than I thought I was gonna have I can't imagine that's going to. I'm just throwing that out. There is a possibility but it's probably very unlikely. But, you know, I could find that I have more time to actually put together than I thought I was going to have. And I might actually somehow manage to remain on schedule. I might not. So I'm kind of offering this information out there to let you know, that sometime in the next couple of months, there's a possibility that you could tune in on Sunday night, and there's nothing there for you. I'm probably not going to be able to give you any kind of warning, I will most likely post up on social media, that I am not going to be posting something this week, I will probably be able to find the thirty seconds. It takes to post up on YouTube, and at Facebook in discord stuff like that, that there won't be a podcast in video that week. So you can go ahead and check with check on those places you know, to keep to keep track. To keep up with whether or not there's going to be anything released that week. But I offered to God can't tell you right now. What's going to happen with this all I can tell you is that I can't allow this to get in the way of my education. I hope he goes understand. I hope that you're willing to bear with me if you're not willing to bear with me, that's fine too. It was nice knowing you, I, I will be back in a few years, if you want to check in, with me again, that's great. If you can't deal with the fact that I'm probably not going to be able to run on schedule. Once I start law school. There's not much I can do for you. I'm not going anywhere. I'm not disappearing I'm still going to be here. I'm still doing what I'm doing. It's just probably going to be a little more disjointed than normal. So it may not come out every Sunday attend. It might come out Friday at four I don't know. I don't know what's going to happen. So bear with me following on social media. I have told you guys before about the lengths, you will find them down in the descriptions, at the videos, ended the podcast site. There is a link that will take you to every single bit of social media that I actually use, and it'll tell you, whether I am or not updating those anymore. You can also get down to the description and find links to the video channels as I said that his YouTube itchy. But in Utah, gun exchange you can also find the podcast on most of the podcast, apps or whatever that are out there. You can find us on itunes. I tune Spotify, I heart radio the pod being AP radio public, there's a whole bunch and that you can find us on. So go ahead and follows at your favorite one. If we are not on your favorite app. Please let me know. And I will try to get it listed at your favorite app. I am going to highly suggest that you guys go ahead and follow either Facebook page, or this court server or both because that is going to be the quickest way for you to get updates as to whether or not there's going to be a podcast coming up next week. We are going to continue as long as, as podcast there will be eight for mere following up. So you can always catch us over at YouTube for a premiere at Sunday night at ten pm eastern come over and chat with us talk about what's going on. Make suggestions, ask questions. It cetera et cetera. And if you decide that you would like to help out, you can hit us up on patriot. And subscribe star if he was to make any kind of donations, if not that perfectly fine to the best way that you can help me out is by sharing the podcast and the videos with your friends and family and all your social media, I do very much prefer having a lot of interaction if we can possibly get it with all that being said, guys, I will see you on Sunday, ten pm eastern next week. You can guarantee that. See you next week and have great guys.
Closing Bell Brief for Thursday, June 13th
"Here. The extraordinary secrets of how to thrive in disrupted world, the old rules of management are not ready, correct anymore. So what works making a wise, pivot, pivot to the future, will I am Omar Abba, subscribe wherever you get your podcasts. I'm Jay are Whalen in the newsroom at the Wall Street Journal in New York on Thursday. The Dow Jones industrials closed forty points higher to twenty six thousand forty five the s&p five hundred is up four points and the NASDAQ finished up about twenty six energy was the word of the day on Wall Street Thursday, the S and P five hundred 's energy sector, climbed just about one percent and move the three major markets higher following an attack onto oil tankers and the Gulf of Oman. One of the world's busiest energy shipping, routes among the gainers shares of Exxon Mobil up almost one percent. Hess shares rose nearly three percent and Phillips sixty six up two and a half percent. Also Thursday shares of Facebook bounce back up one point four percent on the heels of Wednesday's decline following a Wall Street Journal report that CEO Mark Zuckerberg was aware of problematic privacy issues at the company and Lululemon shares up two percent Thursday after first-quarter earnings topped Wall Street expectations. We. We have lots more news about the day on Wall Street, including more analysis on wsJcom and the WSJ app.
Hopes Fade for Quick Economic Recovery
"Technology it's in your pocket your car. Your Business and the Wall Street. Journal's Tech news briefing is tracking all of it from consumer tech to cybersecurity from the giants to the startups every weekday. We bring you the latest stories about the companies and advancements that are changing the way we live and work tech is remaking the world will make sure part of it subscribed to the WSJ tech news briefing from the Wall Street Journal. Wherever you get your podcasts. Here's your midday brief for Monday. May Eleventh. I'm JR Waylon for the Wall Street Journal. Many decision makers in business and government who'd hoped for a quick economic rebound are now expecting a slower more painful recovery. The potential for the corona virus to research in the fall or next winter is prompting some analysts to warn of possible setbacks on the road to recovery the prolonged shutdowns and loss of demand is prompting some companies to make temporary factory. Closings Prominent House. Democrats say vote on their next corona virus. Stimulus proposal will come no sooner than Friday. The proposed package would provide additional direct relief to households and as much as one trillion dollars for states and local governments Senate Republicans and President Trump have objected to open ended funding. That isn't tied a specific issues caused by the pandemic at least nineteen Iranian sailors. Were killed by friendly fire. During a military exercise Sunday evening Iranian state media said the incident occurred and a port on the Gulf of Oman when a navy vessel was struck by an anti ship. Missile from nearby worship. The mistake comes nearly six months after. Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Mistakenly Shot Down Ukrainian passenger plane over Tehran. We've more details on these stories and other news of the day at wsj.com and the WSJ APP.
June 18, 2019: Rep. Schiff On Iran; Effects Of Vaping On Cardiovascular Health
"This message comes from here and now sponsor indeed. If you're hiring with indeed, you can post a job in minutes set up screener questions, then zero in on your shortlist of qualified candidates using an online dashboard. Get started at indeed dot com slash NPR podcast from NPR and WB are Boston. I'm Robin young broadcasting today from W CPN idea stream in Cleveland Ohio, as we visit stations across the country. I'm Jeremy Hobson, it's here and now we're getting reaction today to the president's order to send an additional one thousand troops to the Middle East. The announcement came yesterday after Iran said it could breach the twenty fifteen nuclear deal at the end of the month. That's if it doesn't get relief from sanctions imposed after President Trump pulled out of that deal last year. Meanwhile, the Trump administration is blaming Iran for attacks onto oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman last week. Something Iran denies joining us now is congressman Adam Schiff democrat of California, and check. Chairman of the house intelligence committee. Congressman welcome back. Thank you, great to live you, and first of all, what is your reaction to the idea of the US sending more troops thousand troops to the Middle East? Well, I'm desperately concerned that we avoid any action that could escalate matters, or precipitate of war with Iran. I think the evidence that Iran attack the ships is very strong. And we ought to be working on a concerted response with our allies. But if we're going to loan of it gives me great pause and it means I think that we have affiliated a lot of our friends in Europe and elsewhere, by reneging on their new meant and by taking actions that our allies feel have promoted this instability and helped bring about this crisis. So avert concerned that we not take actions that could escalate matters for the what actions are you talking about the, you think that the United States has taken to promote instability? Well, I think you probably the most serious action was reneging on the around in nuclear deal went on wasn't fact, complying. And then we took steps more recently to prevent other countries from importing uranium from Iran, which I think is celery, the timetable of for Iran to reach the point of where it's inviolate of the nuclear agreement around self is taking provocative steps like increasing the pace of enrichment. But when we leave the agreement, we can't be all that surprised to find ourselves in the circumstances. Certainly doesn't justify Iran attack ships or restarting its nuclear program, but it does mean that this was eminently predictable. And I think that's what our allies react you to. Let's go back to what you said about the fact that you believe that there's strong evidence that Iran attacked these ships last Thursday. One of the ships was Japanese operated in the Japanese say they're not convinced that Iran was behind the attacks. You know, I think that part of the reluctance, I think we. Allies has less to do with whether they're persuaded that Iran is responsible for their tack on these ships. There aren't a whole lot of other candidates for this action. I think intelligence is very strong, but rather a reluctance to take steps with the United States that they could lead us to warfare. So from my point of view, this is less about intelligence. It's more a, a reaction to the United States going alone reneging on national agreements that were working and putting us in a position where we're not unified in responding to Iran, some eleventh behavior. Do you think the Trump administration is preparing for war with Iran? Well, I think there's a division of opinion within the ministration apparently between the president and Bolton and Pompeo, apparently the president sought to have the Japanese Prime minister while visiting around the make an overture on the US have to return to the negotiating table. But at the same time you have Bolton announcing on the eve of that, that we were imposing new sanctions on the Ron now with that was deliberately intended to scuttle this initiative of by the president or it was just a lack of coordination. I don't know. But the result is, I think very into here in policy. We spoke yesterday with the BBC's Mark Lowen in the region who said, quote, nobody wants conflict in this region. But the fear is that an unintentional conflict could break out. And that, of course, it'd be devastating. And of course, the ghosts of the Iraq war. Still stock this region and no side wants to really come to blows. What about that? How worried are you that the US could again end up in a conflict? With a country in the Middle East based on false intelligence. Well, I am very concerned about the United States and around a bundling of their way into war. You know, again, I think the intelligence here in terms of the attack on these ships is pretty clear by also intelligence on Iraq. I have to say that wasn't was strong, although I wasn't on the intelligence committee at the time, it didn't have the same both access and understanding of the intelligence that I do now but I, I really think this is less an issue of intelligence and more initially what we do that, until since what do you think should happen? Now. Is there any chance of preventing Iran from breaching its agreement, and enriching more uranium than it should under the terms of the deal that the US, of course, pulled out of? You know, I think there is a chance of getting your Ron to remain in the agreement but to the degree that, you know, we continued to take steps to force runs. Hand of by you know as I was mentioning the State Department announcing in may that it would use sanctions against countries of that facilitated the export of uranium from Iran with Iran can't export its uranium than it's more likely to have a stockpile. That's in excessive of allowable limits now around could just stopped enriching. But again, this is the situation when you have both countries Iran, and the United States taking action that seems to be leading us into the dead end of conflict, and that only increases the chance that this ever really bad outcome. Congressman Adam Schiff, the chair of the house intelligence committee, congressman, thanks, thank you very much. Well now to have the trade war with. China has crushed the packaging products industry over the last several months here in the US, there seems to be no relief in sight for American business owners and to western cities, like Phoenix, which have been wholly dependent on the US China relationship to fully process recycled paper. It's about more than just trade as Heather van, block Lind, from member station. K J Z reports. It's about how US and Chinese business owners must work together to keep one industry alive. Brian Boland is the paper guy. He started in paper in nineteen ninety five and he seemed things change dramatically people huge that you've got foreign investments coming into the US. But one thing to remember is that the growth and to see investment in these facilities that have been here literally since the late eighteen hundreds. It's really, really cool. It's really powerful stuff. Owen started in paper and Michigan just out of school. He's moved a few times in change. Companies a few times, mostly through by ups in buyouts bowlen's worked for me paper and catalyst paper and now n ND paper, the Chinese company that's bought four US paper mills over the last year with plans to buy more ND paper is the US operation of nine dragons paper holdings, the largest paper company in China. And one of the largest in the world bolan is based at ND's Ohio office, with no end in sight to the trade war with China these by ups and buyouts are making industry insiders nervous, but business operators like peak Keller vice president of recycling in sustainability Republic services, the second largest waste company in the US say the industry needs to be saved by its operators. When I say the, the business models broken in the US, it's broken eighteen months ago cardboard was trading around one hundred and fifty dollars a tonne mixed paper and other paper products were trading for route one hundred dollars a tonne. And cardboard today is trading for about fifty dollars a tonne and those other paper grades trading around zero seventy five percent of Republic services business is dependent on paper Keller says the law has changed in the last year. You know, I would say this relative to recycling if the material that's being recovered aggregated, and ultimately marketed isn't going back into a manufacturing process isn't getting reintroduced as some other product than it's not recycling prices in the US for recycled cardboard at a decade low since China stopped buying the US product and January of two thousand eighteen China established its national sword, policy and effort to clean up its own environment and reduce pollution that includes drastically changing its import policy on recycled paper in addition to tariffs on paper products, the global recycling business went into a tailspin hitting recycled paper, particularly hard Joji. Ladies is assistant public works director for the city of Phoenix. Those products are not selling nearly at the prices that they used to in some cases, people are paying to move their paper. It's affecting a lot of municipalities a lot of operations in terms of the revenues that they're accustomed to receiving from selling recycling or not there anymore. And so those shortfalls, for example, in Phoenix, though. Shortfalls in budget are things we have to make up China consumes approximately one quarter of all, global paper products about a quarter of its consumption has to be imported since China, does not have the natural resources to keep up with its population demand in two thousand seventeen China imported twenty six million metric tons of scrap paper in two thousand eighteen that dropped to fifteen million twenty nine thousand nine is on pace to drop even more Judy says the solution to their trade problem is not trade negotiations, but with US mills, which need to produce cleaner products across the US, the US base mills bought by Chinese. Owned and de paper already do since they produce paper pulp a finished product that's contaminant free and can be exported to China, as is even with an added terrif-. So essentially, they're making their new cardboard boxes or products here in the United States, and then shipping them back to China to put the, the, the toys and other products that their manufacturing that are going to then get back in the box and come back over to the United States or wherever else, people are buying them from. So it's a very unique international trade situation going on there for here. And now I'm Heather van block land in Phoenix. Support for here now and the following message come from amber waves the revolutionary new personal thermostat ever wish feeling too hot or too cold or optional as summer heats up outside just press for a thermal wave designed to provide cooling relief over air conditioned inside lead that sweater in the car and rely on ember wave instead. Learn Lord ember wave dot com and use code NPR to say fifty dollars at checkout, ember weight control your comfort. Fifty years ago this week the profoundly polluted cuyahoga river burst into flames. Now there's lots of myths about that fire, but it's legacy is clear it fueled, the country's young environmental movement later, the creation of the EPA, and the clean water act. For many the river is frozen inflames from a photograph from that time but the fires long gone. And as we found out at the river's banks that fire also changed the lives of Clevelanders like kayaker kitchen Eiter, I grew up in Cleveland. I know Cleveland really well, but when I'm on the river, I have no idea where I am because I've grown up in a city where we've turned our backs to our lakes and rivers. And so we don't really know what it's like I'm walking around. I'm like, oh, that's a coffee. Shop I used to go to all the time. But I'm paddling pass it. And I have no frame of reference of my geography. Rising. Real. Cleveland too. Yes, they're kayaking on the cuyahoga. It's more than the songs, written about it, like Randy Newman's burn on and to some natives, like Jane Goodman, executive director of the cuyahoga river restoration that songs part of the problem. Can we start with the myths about this? We've been listening to Randy Newman's. You're making a face. Burn river bird wish he would write a new song or at least a new verse the how it's not burning any more people who live here, think it's still burning believe me. There are people who say to me. Oh, you mean the river that catches on fire. Real. No. So let's set the record straight. So the actual fire in nineteen sixty nine was a few miles up river from we are sparked from a train going over trestle lit some of the garbage on the river on fire, but it only lasted. Twenty minutes, give or take. There are no pictures of it. That's right. Not only because it was over so fast. But because it was such a common occurrence when it was mentioned the next day in the paper was like an inner page, it wasn't even front page news. And then time magazine picks up the idea of the river catching on fire does a piece, and they use a picture from nineteen fifty two which was much more photogenic. This picture is the thing that sparks literally, you know, excuse the pun the budding environmental movement, eventually EPA, explained the context, nineteen sixty-nine, what was going on that this became such a big story. It was a perfect storm Louis Stokes being. A congressman Carl Stokes, his brother, having been elected as the first African American mayor of a major American city, Carl Stokes recognized that this wasn't just a water quality issue. It was a social Justice issue. He got the city to pass a hundred million dollar bond to start cleaning up the river et the same time. The time magazine article came out there was this terrific photo of the nineteen fifty two fire and people bought it because it was a follow up to the moon landing and on the cover was teddy Kennedy and the neck brace. It was the Chappaquiddick issue. So the reason so many people found out about it was because they read that issue of time magazine print goodness. Because change began there, but Jenkin you describe we've seen pictures we'll have some adhere now dot org. I can't believe the pictures of the cars that were lining the banks like abandoned cars knows I to what keep the riverbank back, when you don't respect a waterway as a river. You just see it as an open sewer dumpsite. You don't know how to stabilize banks, you put whatever you can there, this was considered the price of industrialization, you have sewage. You had oil and gas and tar building materials chemicals. Everything you didn't want in your neighborhood. You put by the river and how often had it caught on fire. I'm nineteen sixty-nine was the thirteenth fire that we know of it looked to us in a picture. We saw they were literally sucking things out like giant vacuum sucking things out of the river. How did he get cleaned up? So Frank sim. So who started the Chandler e that served the maritime businesses just decided to outfit? Ah boat called the puts Frau cleaning lady in German, that made it possible for the rest of the major cleanup efforts to happen. Well, we made our way over to Sam sell supply. The massive marine supply and servicing company right on the river where we met, Frank Sam cells now grown children. Kathy Patrick and Mike. Sam cell next to meet you. Hey, hi, Robyn and Mike Sam sell your dead, Frank. We outfitted this boat with, with what to clean up the river did design the boat to use a factor, which would pick up the oil off the surface of the water. And in the after end of the boat. There was a crane, they would pick up all the debris and we put those in eighteen year. Dumpsters those have be removed with a truck, and then we pump the oil out of the boat out with him. Oh, yeah. How bad was it pretty nasty? But it's gotten better. I mean look at it now but did you dad? I mean did he get paid to do this? Well, Modesto an entrepreneur, so he saw that they were picking up oil pretty inefficiently straw, different items like that he thought, I you know, I can do better job and I can make some money at it. So you had to do two things. He had been invent the equipment and then do it competitively so that he got the jobs Catherine to stand this coming weekend. There's going to be at torch that will come down the river, sort of symbolic of the fire that was here before I think your dad's gonna be honored. I mean, what's, what's your sense of that? Well, I think it's wonderful that we've come so far, and that they are giving dad's credit for some of the work that he's done in everything. We're so proud for Cleveland. I mean, they cleaned up the river so fast that within twenty years, the boat was out of service. It's taken the last thirty years to really just clean the rest of was it like to look out on the river now. Oh, it's amazing to see the votes come up and to see recreation, and in the street are working together because there was no recreation down here whatsoever. The river itself, or, or this, this section here has become a more of a neighborhood and people are working together and, and playing together, you know, you must be proud over proud to dead. And, and really just like the provice city, pro the people, the city Clinton to, to come together and fix us up. Back on the river. Jane Goodman, again, of the cuyahoga river restoration agrees. It was the people of Cleveland businesses environmentalists, citizens who decided their river needed protection. So when you stop poisoning something, it can start healing, most of the recovery had to do with businesses being regulated, not being able to add to the problem and this wasn't just clean water act. It was clean Eric because a lot of what landed on the river came from smokestack industries understand that Koga means curving river and you still will have these huge vessels coming down here and it gets kind of crowded at times. How are you managing the new recreational use with the ongoing industrial these very carefully? When people started using it recreationally the operators of those huge vessels were terrified, and they. They still are they don't wanna kill anybody that they cannot see a stand up paddle board, we'll post a video at here. Now dot org of some of these huge vessels still making their way down this curvy river. It's frightening it, yes. And remember those ships are seven hundred feet long and there are one hundred feet wide this river at its widest is one hundred and thirty six feet understand. There are students that go around and hand out flyers. They, they, they go around and little boats. And handout, flyers warning people. They could be big ships coming through here. Oh, yeah. But just wouldn't happen for the city because it got cleaned up and people using it some of the people who never would have invested now. See it as a prime place to invest people who would not have lived on the river. Now, see it as a wonderful place to live people, who would ever have thought to bring their kayak past the natural river. Now bring it into the ship. Channel the warehouses that the river brought cargo to are now, lofts and apartments and condos and they're sold out. Amazing things can happen when you don't give up. The cuyahoga river still has a ways to go some sections, for instance, remain on the list of impaired waters monitored by the clean, water act and remember kayak instructor. Kate Schneider will. She says she still sees garbage out on the river and her parents, don't want her to fall in, but I mean, it's just kind of beautiful the types of birds. I've seen have seen tons of blue herons. There are like these sort of surprises. I see all the time. I think it's special, and I think it's a really interesting route because like I paddle all over North America, and this is one of the few places where it can be paddling and then see a large container ship cargo ship, right? Beside me. And then a bunch of people rowing. So I think that's kind of interesting and beautiful about urban. It's very urban. All right. Let's get going get you on the water. Smoking. Much to do this weekend on this, the fiftieth anniversary of the cuyahoga river fire rowing events. Blazing paddles the paddle test tomorrow, the native American water blessing. Real. No. There are still questions about those attacks on two oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman last week. And how a conflict with Iran might threaten oil supplies. A review Iran is under sanctions. So allies of the US aren't buying its oil for fear of penalties the same as to Venezuela. So with so much supply either threatened or offline oil prices should be high instead at about sixty dollars. A barrel. Oil is down nearly twenty percent from where it was just last April two months ago. Let's bring in allege. She MSNBC anchor in economics correspondent, hi alley. So after these oil-tanker attacks in the Gulf of Oman last week oil prices jumped we know that about a third of all see warn crude flows through that part of the world was some concern about what could get through now prices have fallen, again, why. Well, they're few things going on. One is that, you know, the president has said something different than his advisors have about those attacks. At one point the US has. Released evidence that they believe Iran hit, these Japanese tankers than the president has come out and called the attacks very minor, America's now sending more troops to the Middle East on one hand that feels like an escalation. But if you're an oil producing country, you're thinking, oh, wow, great. They're gonna be more troops here. So our ships can get through keeping mind that Arabian Gulf, the Persian Gulf, the straight of Hormuz, and the Gulf of Amman. It's a very narrow straight and mall that oil that goes from much of the oil goes to the Middle East goes out that way. So this always happens when there increased threats with Iran, the price goes up, and then when the threats decrease a little bit like they have in the last twenty four hours or so you see the price coming back down. See this, Greg. How much of it is because of the falling demand. And how much is it because of increased supply because of news sources like shale. This is interesting oil prices there, two kinds of prices for oil. There's the US price, and there's the global price. Let's talk about the global. Because that's we're talking about being about sixty bucks a barrel. It has been as low as about fifty nine and as high as about seventy two in the last month. Now, when you think about what it costs to frac in the United States, oil has to be at the sixty or higher point if it's lower than that American producers pull back on their production drilling oil in the ground hole in the ground and getting oil in Texas is much cheaper. But most of oil is now fracking, so the Saudis and OPEC want oil to be high enough that they can make a lot of money, but not so high that the US starts producing too much oil. So this price of oil, sixty two sixty three bucks to sixty five almost seventy dollars that tends to be a pretty good amount. And there is a bit of an oversupply. So this, the OPEC countries are now thinking about pulling that back a little bit just didn't let us know them because Saudi Arabia announced this week, it's going to cut its oil supply to try to boost prices. So it's calling on the OPEC countries. Do the same thing. So where does that get into trouble area? If. We wanna keep the prices at around where they are. So always hard to tell, but seventy dollars even eighty dollars doesn't tend to be a trouble area for oil once you get past hundred which by the way, these countries that make most of their money from oil would really enjoy people start to change their, their driving habits people start to buy cars that, are, you know, lower fuel so at the moment, we're not in trouble area, the Saudis and OPEC would like oil to be a little higher than it is. So with the Americans probably the next ten bucks or so a barrel. It's not gonna undermine anything. They don't want people not buying it. Correct. She MSNBC anchor economics correspondent, as always, thank you. There's been a huge surge of heist floors using e cigarettes, or fading, these cigarettes. Hi cigarettes vaping continues to rise million high school, students this year using e cigarettes up more than seventy five this week, forty state attorneys general called on the US food and Drug administration to regulate e cigs just like it regulates tobacco. We're here today, the use of eight pens, electric cigarettes, and other electric nicotine delivery systems has exploded over the last decade or so, especially among teenagers, according to the food and Drug administration. More than three point six million middle and high school students used e cigarettes last year that's an increase of nearly eighty percent among high schoolers and nearly fifty percent among middle schoolers over the year before the thing is compared with traditional cigarettes. There's very little research on the effects and the industry is booming. It'll be worth more than forty billion dollars by twenty twenty-five. The FDA is the part of the government that would regulate e cigarettes, and that agency has funded research at the university of Louisville. In kentucky. Pinch valve make the click and that'll start the puff. We stopped by the lab and Dongtai Beck jumpsuits limit contamination. We were in the lab of Dr Daniel conklin, he and his team of researchers are studying the effects of vaping using a device that inhales from e cigarettes and analyzes the vapor to study the effects on lab. Mice. What we have set up here number of different parts of our contraption here to smoke cigarettes or Vate e cigarettes, and then pump that aerosol or smoke, as we call it into a chamber that we will house, our, our animals, and is actually a little bait pen inside there. So it's acting like a person would be in vaping. Exactly. So we can control the volume of the path. So it's consistent with kind of the pup volume that people would take and the Daration. So the combination of those things kind of replicate what's in the real world. But I have to tell you the real world's very diverse when it comes to electric cigarettes, some people just do very light drags on their, their each other's take bigger puffs in order to make vape clouds and do. Cloud tricks. And so on. What are you trying to figure out? We're trying to figure out whether or not electron cigarettes, increase the risk of cardiovascular disease or heart disease at pier and simple. We use models that are short-term such as looking for biomarkers of, of a youth who uses an e cigarette just a few times, and we also do chronic exposures long-term to look for changes in the vascular wall of the blood vessels, that looked like changes that would occur in a chronic smoker, what they found is that e cigarettes are far from harmless, especially for the cardiovascular system. Conklin is looking for a linked to diseases like atherosclerosis when plaque clogs your arteries, the more long term studies where we've looked at atherosclerosis in outcome, we've done several of those studies. And as this is a really important. Endpoint kind of gold standard amongst cardiovascular researchers. So we've actually done those studies twice to validate that the findings. We have our, our consistent, and we see increased atherosclerosis. We have not published these data yet because we're also interested in a second question. And, and this is really important, what in e cigarette aerosol 's than are responsible for increasing this heart disease risk because the FDA is interested in regulating e cigarettes, but they want to regulate particular constituents that are harmful. And so we're trying to figure out what components of the aerosol of e sex is contributing to the injury to the heart. Our idea is actually that nicotine itself is actually not benign under these conditions, and we have a number of other parallels studies where we've exposed animals to nicotine alone and seeing increases in these markers of heart disease. So that's kind of troubling thing for anybody who says e cigarettes are a safe product if they contain nicotine, there not only addictive their problematic for her disease. Is it difficult to research something that's so new? I mean five years ago, nobody was smoking these things or at least you didn't see them out on the street the way that you do. Now, people are keeping all the time. This is very challenging to study individual products. You know five years ago. Blue was the, the king of the e six now. Now it's jewel. You're, you're exactly right. And the products have changed in size and shape. Voltage some of the constituent flavors have kind of varied some you can't even figure out what flavor are present in their gummy bear, for instance, tell me what flavors are in there. And jewel has raised the roof on the level of nicotine, personally. I think anybody who sees the up take of e cigarettes, amongst, you should be concerned about long-term consequences for these people because we just don't know what the health risks are because there's so much focus with smoking on lung cancer. You're saying is causes a lot of. Other problems as well. There's no question that epidemiology says, in half a million people die premature doubts due to smoking, and that's just cardiovascular disease, so in that's more than any other single cause of disease and that could be just as bad in an e cigarette as in a traditional cigarette. Or or at least it could be bad enough that it's a problem. I think there's some warning signs for heart disease with electron. Ick cigarettes. These are not just from our animals studies. I'm I'm representing number of, of studies done around the world. That show that acute exposure to e cigarettes, including in non-smoking, adults produces eight temporary injury to the blood vessel. That's the Cleveland to that same nonsmoker using a conventional tobacco cigarette. So that's worrisome. There are also some people that point two e cigs. Let's say this is a way for people who smoke traditional cigarettes to stop smoking. They can turn to this instead, when you hear that somebody who's researching the effects of the cigarettes. What do you say? Well, I don't actually study cessation. So this is a little bit difficult to say my research applies to to this question. It's a really important one because for those people who are trying to quit smoking. That would be the best thing for them. But it's very challenging it takes at least six attempts on average, for chronic smoker to be able to quit if e cigarettes, outside of traditional pathways can add to that improvement in that number. I say great in the US from my knowledge of this area is that cessation has not been improved by inclusion of e cigarettes and there, there could be. Risked switching completely from cigarettes to e cigarettes because we don't know the risks of e cigarettes presumably for cancer. We think that might be a reduction because the cancer causing compounds in conventional combustible cigarettes, are not found in east cigarettes, so that would be great except more smokers die of heart disease, every year than they do have cancer and lung diseases combined. So we don't want to say reducing the risk for cancer necessarily reduces risk for all other diseases. Daniel conklin, own father died of colon cancer at age forty six and was a longtime smoker that experience spurred him to spend his life, researching the effects of smoking, and now vaping, the leading e cigarette company jewel is also doing research. Is it prepares to apply for FDA approval in twenty twenty two but the company remains under legal pressure, not just from the FDA, which has been conducting? An investigation into marketing practices by cigarette companies, but from congress, as well as state, and local governments, some even going so far as to try to ban sales of e cigarettes today. San Francisco's city supervisors will consider a ban until the FDA completes its review, that ban would be the first of its kind in the US on a relatively new product that we know relatively little about tomorrow. We'll talk with a high school principal in Connecticut who's noticed an increase in e cigarette use among students and says the best way to curb it is to treat it as an addiction. After revolutionizing the way we interact on mine. Facebook has now set it sights on your money today. The company announced plans for new, digital cryptocurrency think bitcoin only Facebook's will be called libra. It's in collaboration with MasterCard an Uber. Facebook has reportedly been secretly working on it for more than a year. So do you trust Facebook with your money? Let's go now to in a free chief technology correspondent for axios, hyena, Robin. So what does libra? How would it work? So libra is one of a variety of coins. We hear a lot about bitcoin, but there's a ton of crypto currencies out there. What makes it most interesting isn't necessarily the technical underpinnings, but who's behind it as you mentioned. It's not just Facebook but it's payment giants like MasterCard. It's big commerce companies like Uber. So what's got everyone talking who's backing this, right? Well more about that. But first, what's the motivation? There's speculation that. Facebook in promising more privacy to users may lose some of that Adra venue, that they get through sharing users data, and that this may be a new way for Facebook to make up for that to make more money through this. Crypto currency thoughts. Definitely think that's a piece of it. If not a large part of it in that, as you point out like if they're going to move to more private and things they need to monetize them differently, and what better way to monetize things than with money. There's a lot of money to be made in payments. If you look at we chat in China as a model I think, a lot happens on, we chat, and a lot of it is payments, and micro payments. And I think Facebook looks at that model and says that could be us. How can we do that? And in the US and in western Europe, I think it's more difficult to just offer traditional payments. I think they were looking a little bit further ahead. So crypto currency and having a role could unlock if you will allot of new types of businesses, if they're successful, but they're also. Concerns about cryptocurrencies like bitcoin. So let's take one up their volatile. You know, the value changes dramatically so how will libra value be determined what backs it? So the assets backing it our traditional currencies. So some of the investors are dollars other other currencies. But, you know, there is this move towards what I believe are called stable coins that, that are designed to be tied to something else in an effort to avoid some of those fluctuations. So I think the goal is, how can you take some of the benefits of crypto currency without the volatility? I think that's what everyone would like to create soak if you back by the US dollar or boy by euros or something like this. Sure a basket of, of, of currencies, if well in crypto currencies are also used because they are sort of these free floating. Things are often used for illegal transactions like buying drugs online. So how will libra be? You know, protected, I guess would be the word from that. I think that's one of the concerns in, in large part about Facebook going more private is that, yes, avoid some of the problems in terms of, you know, our information being taken blah, blah, blah. But what are you opening the door to in terms of hate groups moving behind secret? You know, as you mentioned, illegal currency based things, whether it's drug trafficking money, laundering, although sorts of things I think there's a lot of concerns. I think it's unrealistic to think that the regulators of today aren't going to move into this digital world. I think that was some sense in the beginning of bitcoin that could be the wild wild west and no one will ever know while it turns out every time you wanna take bitcoin off the virtual world and into the real world. The regulators are right there. And I think that would be true of libra or any other crypto currency as well. But certainly to the you can spend it more easily. You don't necessarily have to take it into the real world. World in the same way that you have to exchange bitcoin for dollars. If you wanna use it for anything. So I think there are some risks there in general. I think regulators will find a way to police the crypto world as well. Even if it is a little more tricky, because it's much less state tied, and much more boundary less. Some of the things that Facebook is dealing with the privacy concerns, concerns about fake news, hate speech on its platform, a co-founder joined the voices, calling for Facebook to be broken up. You know, it's too big and, you know, so many people really wondering, why would they suddenly announce this thing that so many questions while we're hearing they've been working on it, you know, for well over year in secret. And so, you know, it was probably being worked on before a lot of these questions. Sure. But also some are wondering, well, maybe it's just trying to shift the focus look over there at that. Would you think it's that or do you think is something, you know, Neil really real going on here with Facebook? I think it's definitely real. I think the question is, do we want to trust Facebook with our wallets? There's good reason not to I think if you look at the history of Facebook, they're always moving into new things and indeed at their developer conference last year. And I wrote about this in today's logging newsletter. They were signaling look, we're going to try and make things safer, but we're also going to keep building new things. And I think that is the stage. Facebook is in. They want to take their responsibilities more seriously. If you believe them, but they also don't wanna stop innovating, and they don't want to in the last year they've moved into dating into crypto currency and into a smart camera that lives in your house, so they're clearly not shying away from the concerns move to into congressional hearing. So we'll see how this goes in a free chief technology correspond for axios. Thank you. Thanks, Robin and here now is production of NPR in WBU aren't associated with the BBC World Service. I'm Robin young broadcasting from W, C, P, N, idea, stream in Cleveland Ohio, and I'm Jeremy Hobson. This is.
Wall Street Breakfast June 13: Oil Bounces On Tanker 'Incident'
"Good morning today is Thursday, June thirteenth. You're listening to seeking alpha the leader in market news and analysis, I'm Steve Brown. And this is Wall Street breakfast. Subscribe to this podcast on Google play apple podcasts. I tunes soundcloud Stitcher or Spotify. Wall Street breakfast is presented by Invesco, everyday Invesco. We bring together ideas with technology data with inspiration and investors with solutions. Let's invest in greater possibilities together. Find out more at Invesco dot com slash together. Our top stories today. Oil bounces on tanker incident futures rebound and deficit on watch or not. Leading today's news, the last few sessions oil prices have been flashing red as they neared the fifty dollar level. But attacks onto oil tankers off the coast of Iran early Thursday, have sparked a sudden turnaround, WTI futures are now ahead by three percent to fifty dollars and sixty six cents per barrel. While Brent contracts jumped three point one percent to sixty one dollars and eighty two cents per barrel, frontline said one of its vessels front. Al-tair was on fire while the other ship the coca courageous was damaged, but afloat the incident comes one month after four tankers were sabotaged in the Gulf of Oman off the eight or of Jarrah in an attack. The US linked to Iran. In other news, the oil price surge has given a boost to US stock index futures which were in the red overnight before attacks onto tankers off the coast of Iran. Dow futures are indicating a positive open of seventy points. While futures on the s&p, NASDAQ were point four percent and point eight percent higher respectively. Also boosting sentiment. President Trump declined to set a deadline on living new tariffs on another three hundred and twenty five billion dollars of Chinese goods while data yesterday showed the nation's inflation was weaker than expected, boosting chances of fed rate cut. The US government racked up a deficit of two hundred eight billion dollars in may as it received two hundred thirty two billion dollars, but spent four hundred and forty billion during the month, according to the monthly treasury statement that means for the first time in US history, the federal government spent more than three trillion dollars in the first eight months of the fiscal year. The deficits rise follows the 2017 GOP tax act, which the CBO project would add some one point nine trillion to the debt over a decade as well as bipartisan plans to increase spending on both the defense and domestic sides of the ledger. Following its record twenty five billion. Dollar float in New York in twenty fourteen. Alibaba has filed confidentially for follow on listing in Hong Kong. Bloomberg reports the move which could raise another twenty billion would provide Alibaba with additional capital to fund its new initiatives like cloud computing. And he must supermarkets. It will also get mainland investors, their first direct access to one of China's biggest success stories via the stock connect trading link between Hong Kong, Shanghai and Shenzhen. The benchmark Hang Seng index slid as much as one point five percent on Thursday. The clothes back at the starting line, as thousands of protesters ready for more clashes with police over a plan to extradition law. The one month Heibo rate rose two point sixty three percent while three months, I've are hit two point fifty six percent surging to their highest level in more than a decade analysts also attributed soaring rates to seasonally strong demand for the Hong Kong dollar ahead of upcoming corporate dividend payments and an expected raft of IPO's in the city. Upping his criticism of Nord Stream two, which is being led by Gazprom. President Trump said he's looking at sanctions to block the new seven hundred sixty mile natural gas pipeline that would leave Germany captive to Russia eastern European Nordic, and Baltic Sea countries see the project as increasing Moscow's economic grip on Europe, but many politicians in energy companies in Germany supported because the country needs steady gas supplies. As it seeks to win itself off a coal nuclear power. French finance minister, Bruno Lemaire will meet Renault chairman, John Dominic scenario with the ladder still furious over the government's interference in what led to the collapse of merger talks with Chrysler ahead of the meeting. Lemaire said, FCA Renault merger remains quote, an interesting opportunity, but added he would tell scenario that strengthening the Renault Nissan. Alliance was the priority. The French state is Renault's biggest shareholder. Target is bringing it same day delivery option to the masses leveraging shipped a platform. It acquired for five hundred fifty million in two thousand seventeen instead of ninety nine dollars annual membership shoppers in forty seven states across the country will have the option to get online items delivered the same day by paying a flat fee of nine dollars ninety nine cents per order. It's the latest move in an ongoing and heated delivery war both WalMart, and Amazon recently announced next day, delivery options with WalMart promising to reach roughly seventy five percent of American consumers by the end of nineteen. Part of an ongoing push into the video game industry. Netflix will release a mobile game in twenty twenty based on the hit original series, stranger, things the game will be in the style of a nineteen eighty Saturday morning cartoon and will integrate Google maps, so players, can quote explore the upside down hidden around them in their Staley travels and work with Bela fans to fight back. It's emerging evils the company made the announcement at the three gaming conference, but made no reference to a rumored expansion into video game streaming. Colorado has now generated more than one billion dollars in total state revenue from the marijuana industry. Another milestone for the state that legalized cannabis in twenty fourteen quote, it's going very well, it's creating tens of thousands of jobs, tax revenue for the state filling up buildings for landlords, and reducing crime. Governor Jared polis said in may hot sales contribute to the state, general reserve fund, as well as education and health care, including mental health services, and youth drug parental programs. Illinois only recently became the eleventh US state to approve cannabis for recreational adult use. As of six twenty m today. US futures crude oil, and gold are all slightly up on today's economic calendar. Initial jobless claims are out at eight thirty A M eastern time. That concludes today's Wall Street breakfast. Thank you for listening Wall Street. Breakfast is presented by Invesco everyday at Invesco. We bring together ideas with technology data with inspiration and investors with solutions. Let's invest in greater possibilities together. Find out more at Invesco dot com slash together for the best investment analysis, and news on the web, go to seeking off dot com. Subscribe to this podcast on Google play apple podcasts. I tunes soundcloud Stitcher or Spotify. You can sign up for our other podcasts essays for F as the marketplace roundtable podcast, the cannabis investing podcast and behind the idea on those platforms as well. The latest cannabis investing podcasts looks at how the cannabis alcoholic beverage industries are. On a collision course while the latest marketplace roundtable podcast looks at apple in the new chip paradigm have a wonderful day.
Making pizza the old-fashioned way is the lards work
"This marketplace podcast is brought to you by torture, parody publishers of moonshot by Richard Weisman. Discover what landing a man on the moon teaches us about collaboration creativity and the mindset for success. Available in bookstores everywhere and at PR, H dot com slash moonshot. And by the Michigan economic Development Corporation, Evan Lyall of row. Shannon prizes is a big fan of Michigan as he put it the future of mobility, is going to be decided right here in the state is a planet dot com to find out why that's P. L. A. N. E T, M dot com. Reports of attacks on tankers in the Middle East. Royal oil markets today from marketplace in New York, I'm David Brancaccio. The price of crude oil spike upward today after so far unconfirmed reports of a series of explosions on or near two oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman. Crude oil traded in Europe is up three point four percent. The prices up three percent in New York trading fifty to sixty seven a barrel at the moment. The US navy is reportedly assisting, this after saboteurs attacked four tankers last month off the coast of the United Arab Emirates the BBC's. Alan Johnston covers the Middle East. The two vessels, reportedly hit sends out SOS signals, and the crews were evacuated who might have carried out these attacks. And how is not yet clear. But this has happened in shipping lanes that carry a significant amount of the world's oil supplies. And at a time of high tension in the region. The US. Recently tightened its sanctions on Iran and reinforced its military in the Gulf after four tankers in the area were damaged in sabotage operations last month. The Americans blamed Iran anelle suspected, the Iranians are also behind these latest attacks Iran denied involvement in those let us do the numbers, the footsie index in London. The key stock index there is up two tenths of a percent. The Dax in Germany of five tenths percent after dropping sharply. The day before Hong Kong's, Hang Seng index fell just slightly overnight amid the protests there. Japan's Nikkei fell five tenths percent here. Dow SNP NASDAQ futures are up in the case of the Dow and the s&p futures up three tenths of one percent. The ten year treasury yield down two point one two percent. Now, more ways for you to live like a Roman emperor with anything in need at your Beck, and call the other day, we reported on WalMart's coming system, where people deliver groceries all the way to the inside of your refrigerator using smart locks on your door and live streaming body cams. Now, there's word target is expanding same day shipping service to better compete with WalMart and Amazon and Uber. Eats is testing meal delivery via airborne drone in San Diego. The US federal deficit has grown thirty nine percent in the first eight months of this budget year. Yes, during an economic boom, the latest monthly report from the treasury department says the US spent almost seven hundred forty billion dollars more money than it took in from October to may. Marketplace's Ben Bradford reports good economic times. Typically mean shrinking deficits benefit payments, like unemployment go down people. Make more money. So the government gets more in taxes. Not this time, it's not just unusual. It's unprecedented. More gold wine at the. Eighty for responsible federal budget, a non-partisan think tank, only really one year in our history in Vietnam, has the United States ever had growing deficits like this at the same time of the economy was also growing at its potential tax cuts in two thousand seventeen mean government revenue hasn't kept pace with economic growth, while so security Medicare and defense. Spending vulgar, on up George Washington University's in winer worked at the treasury department in the ninety s she thinks there's been a philosophical change all the theme was let's not just spend much more than we bring in that concept is now completely gone. There is one policy change that is bringing in more revenue trade tariffs from imports generated forty five billion dollars. I'm Ben Bradford for marketplace. Now when Beebe and tee of Charlotte and SunTrust of Atlanta announced their big merger this spring. They said they would rename the resulting Bank, but at the time they had not come up with a name. So I asked marketplace listeners to suggest something we got some great suggestions from you. But I'd say the winner was check this out b b in the sunshine Bank. Well, they've chosen to ignore this fine suggestion. There's news now that BBN t plus SunTrust this regional heavyweight with four hundred fifty billion dollars in assets will be named truest as in the superlative of true. Now, we just have to work on the new logo yet to be revealed. In our recent series rains in losses we explored aging and vulnerability to financial scam and what you and your loved ones can do about it. This is the kind of important in depth reporting that matters to you and to all of us marketplace. Your donations or what keeps it going. Please give today at marketplace dot org. And thank you. This marketplace podcast is brought to you by indeed. When it comes to hiring, you don't have time to waste you need help. Getting your shortlist qualified candidates fast. That's why you need indeed dot com post a job in minutes. Set up screener questions than zero in on qualified candidates using an intuitive online dashboard. And when you need to hire fast, accelerate your results with sponsored jobs. New users can try for free at indeed dot com slash marketplace. That's indeed dot com slash marketplace. Terms, conditions, and quality standards apply. My grandpa Tony from near Naples, took a lot of things seriously including pizza. He'd mainly make it himself in a rectangular pan. Or there was this one place in New York's Coney Island that was up to his standards still there tones beats and utterly done. Well, my grandfather's high stanzas for pizza were imported John Lawrenson reports from Naples. Genera Luchino making the same kind of pizza that was made right here in the pizzeria in seventeen thirty eight snapping at around. Arent the didn't use tomatoes back then, the first pizzas with, with oil cheese basil and laud now. So Ping's can also include Capers and lemon zest. White lot flipping down. You never name nosed about it. It locked what we use more water and less east. So our pizzas are moist much. We leave the dough to rise for twenty four hours and cook it quickly and a very hot wood fired oven. Regional at peace. It consulting up on a hill above Maples pizza professor, Enzo coach. He's giving the clause on pizza shoveled technique five, gene. La LA, Mikhail. Leoni has come here from the Netherlands, he hopes to open a pizzeria back home and his paying thirty two hundred dollars for a month long coups. We came across this school, and they're, it's like the traditional oven, the real traditional baton, like okay for you. Learn to make beats I we want to learn the traditional way to make pizza. So that's why we came here. There are now full pizza schools in Naples and countless cooking courses that starts at nine hundred dollars for now on Klaus coach if he doesn't think the world has figured out how to make proper pizza by now. It's no Bradley, I meant Vishal funneling past. Heat. So when I travel see mistakes, and I've come across some truly horrible things people who cook pizza with coal or abandon it in the oven for. I don't know how long or cook it on the barbecue. And if you want to try pizza made the old-fashioned Neha, put some way, it lonely, set you back about Tim bucks in Naples, Italy. I'm John Robertson from place. I don't know. I've done the barbecue. I'm David Brancaccio with the marketplace morning report from APM American public media.
Changes: UK Prime Minister, SNAP Benefits, and Wrestling
"It it's Tuesday July twenty third welcome to skim this where breaking down the most complex stories of the day and giving you the context on why they matter burst the U._k.. Has a new prime minister and he has a pretty long to do list. We'll connect the dots. What's on what's in store for Boris? Johnson starts tomorrow then the trump administration is proposing a new rule that could cause over three million people to lose their food stamp benefits. We'll give you the details and finally the W._W._e.. Has a new champion and she's making history. We're here to make your evening smarter. Let's skim this. The most complicated story today is about Boris Johnson the next Prime Minister of the United Kingdom he was declared declared the winner earlier today after his party voted on who should get the job. This comes just two months. After Theresa May announced she would be stepping down from her post. Johnson takes over ten Downing Street tomorrow but when he moves in he won't have much time to settle in and arranged is the furniture here he is in his first speech. After the vote was announced original eventual times this morning there are new incoming leader they win coming leader has ever faced such daunting set of circumstances it said so today we're going to get into the three rebe issues on Johnson's play Brexit Iran and the U._K.'s relationship with the U._S.. I up brexit. That's the British exit from the European Union back during the two thousand sixteen campaign for Brexit Johnson was one of the faces of believe leave campaign meaning. He wanted to leave the E._U.. And then voters actually went that way the prime minister at the time David Cameron stepped down and Johnson was a favourite to take his place but then may one a fellow conservative who was pro will remain for the last three years Johnson has been a bit of a thorn in May side I as Britain's foreign secretary then after he resigned as a member of the peanut gallery meanwhile maze been negotiating with the E._U.. Over the terms of the U._K.'s departure. Archer trying to decide how trade travel visas and border issues will work and when she tried to bring that deal back to the U._K.. Parliament Johnson was part of the group that kept shooting it down here. He is in January during an interview with L._B._c. a radio program in the U._K.. People move feel betrayed and I think that will feel that there's been a great conspiracy by the deep state of the U._K.. The the people the country means deals never made it through the finish line and the U._k.. Miss Deadline after deadline the E._U.. Gave into extension request but now there's a final deadline looming October thirty first Halloween and Johnson says he's prepared to have the U._k.. Leave the E._U.. That day whether they have a deal or not analysts warned that leaving the E._U.. Without a deal will plunge the U._K.. into a recession the British pound has been losing value recently and reached at a two year low last week. The pound's value rose a little bit today after Johnson one and then went down again so that's the first thing Johnson has to deal with the second. Iran tensions have been escalating between the U._K.. And Iran recently on the one hand Iran spent the last two months threatening to pull out of the twenty fifteen nuclear deal after the U._S. pulled out last year and even though the U._k.. Is Literally on its way out of the E._U.. They've still been working with the rest of the Union to to keep Iran in the deal to continue keeping an eye on Iran's nuclear program. If Iran keeps pulling out of the deal they'll get closer to developing a nuclear weapon on the other hand. There's drama on the high seas starting this month when the U._K.. Said an Iranian Indian oil tanker in Gibraltar was violating E._U.. Sanctions so they detained it then Rhonda back at the U._K.. Last week by seizing a British oil tanker in the Strait of Hormuz near the Gulf of Oman through which a fifth of the world's oil passes. And it's a little tit for tat with the U._K.. is threatening serious consequences and yesterday Johnson's replacement as Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt announce. He's planning to form a european-led security force in the Gulf of Oman to help ships pass through safely <music> but Boris Johnson hasn't said how will handle that yet earlier today. Iran's foreign minister extended a small olive branch by congratulating Johnson then a warning. He said Iran doesn't want confrontation but that they'll protect themselves if necessary eh one place where Johnson's hoping to avoid tension in the special relationship between the U._K.. And the U._S. this morning president trump tweeted his congratulations to the new prime minister saying quote he will be Great Johnson has said he wants to have a strong relationship with the U._S.. And there have been reports that he even plans to visit soon maintaining that relationship and strong trade deals is a big deal for the U._K.. Because once the U._K. Brexit's they'll have to fend for themselves so what's the scam. Johnson has a lot on his plate but he's already said he's ready to face these challenges head on even if as he points out his to do list seems daunting this morning I asked you don't did do you feel wanted identity remotely to me and I think that we know that we can do it and the people of this country are trusting in us to do it and we know that we will and everyone's getting right to work. The European Parliament's Brexit Committee is going to hold a special meeting tomorrow to discuss how to move forward with the new U._K.. Leader and on Sunday all the current signatories of the Iran nuclear deal including the U._K.. Are are meeting in Vienna to try to save the deal back home. Johnson will also have to sort out his cabinet. The Foreign Office minister the Finance Minister and the International Development Minister have all announced bear out so we don't know what a new Johnson cabinet. Would look like yet. There are reports that might require a loyalty pledge meaning that potential cabinet members would have to support a no deal brexit. Come October thirty first. If you want to know how Brexit is going to affect your wallet here in the U._S.. We've got a great explainer. You're on our website. The Skim Dot com slash money today okay the trump administration proposed a new rule that would make it harder for some people to qualify for benefits through snap or the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. It's expected to save two point five billion dollars a year in the nation's budget but would potentially cut food benefits for over three million people so what is snap. You probably know it as food stamps. It's a federal program under the U._S.. Department of Agriculture that helps low income families put food on the table generally to be eligible double your total household gross income has to be at or below one hundred and thirty percent of the poverty line the Center on budget and policy priorities says that on average each person gets about one hundred and twenty six dollars worth of benefits per month that comes out to about a dollar caller forty per meal so not exactly fine dining but it's not the only way that people in need get help. There's another program called Tanith or temporary assistance for needy families. It's federally funded but states decide who gets what it provides cash assistance for some families in poverty in over forty states residents who qualify for Tanith automatically qualify for snap even though the income threshold for getting ten of benefits can be different than it is for getting snap benefits depending on your state Republicans say that this creates a loophole so that people with higher incomes are able to qualify for public assistance. This proposal from the trump administration wants to do away with that automatic qualification and the U._S._D._a. says they can do. This without Congress they can just write this new rule. One Person Republicans like to point to to defend their position here a guy named rob understand her. He told lawmakers in a hearing last month that he was able to collect food stamps despite it being a millionaire as an effort to highlight flaws in the system Democrats said that under sander basically willfully defrauded the government and according to a recent report by the Congressional Research Service snap fraud is relatively rare. Here's as Lisa Davis from no kid hungry. A nonprofit aimed at ending child hunger in the U._S.. She testified last month before a House Committee and she said this loophole Republicans are worried about called broad-based. Categorical eligibility is helping bring people out of the poverty broad-based category eligibility is working exactly as intended it encourages and supports work and it helps low income families built financial stability and move towards self-sufficiency. These are goals that we should all support <music> around forty million people receive snap benefits. That's about twelve percent of the population but snap isn't a pixel like we said the average benefit per person is less than two dollars per meal. A number of studies have come out in recent years saying snap benefits are insufficient for a healthy diet. The proposed rule is currently open for public comment for the next sixty days after that it could take effect at any time <music> you might have heard that there's a gender gap in the U._S.. Military and that extends to military academies according to the Associated Press less than thirty percent of students at West Point the Naval Academy and the Air Force Academy are women turns out that number might be slowly changing according to a new report released today the number of women being nominated to go to those academies is going up and yes we did say nominated. Donated the report says most applicants need a U._S.. Senator or member of Congress to recommend them as part of the process some of the lawmakers making the top of that nominating list in the House of Representatives is Congressman Brian Fitzpatrick from Pennsylvania and Greg gianforte Forte from Montana in the Senate Senators Cory Booker from New Jersey and Maisy Geraldo from Hawaii but it's not time to pull all the champagne and celebrate just yet. We have to keep things in perspective while more women are getting the seal of approval men are still still getting nominated about three times more often representatives for lawmakers. Tell the A._p.. It's because the list of women applying is still small but a rep from swan the service women's Action Network told A._P.. That lawmakers could be doing more to help recruit qualified female all candidates especially now that more roles within the military are now open to women before we go today. We've got a fun fun fact coming to you from inside the ring. If you feel like you've been wrestling your way through the week we get you so does Kelly Kelly. She's a wrestler and former divas champion. She left the W._W._e.. In Two thousand twelve which is short for world wrestling alling entertainment so yes it's entertainment often scripted but it's also super physical and can be very dangerous in May the W._W._e.. Unveiled the twenty four seven championship in which the winner has to be ready to defend their title at all times as as long as the rough is around and last night they invited a bunch of former wrestlers back to the ring including Kelly Kelly she became the first female twenty four seven wrestling champion after tracking down her opponent backstage and kneeing him where it hurts clear. She is winning the title from the W._W._e.. So here's to you Kelly Kelly a woman so great. They named her twice and that's all prescription.
Tensions Flare Between the U.S. and Iran After Oil Tanker Attacks
"Whatever you and your employees are working for ADP, designing better ways to help you achieve it from HR talent, and time management to benefits and payroll. That's ADP. Always designing for people. Sarah Sanders will leave the White House at the end of the month. Rumors have been rampant for months that Sarah would be leaving. It's very grueling job and devote today at a V W plant, and Chatanooga, Tennessee has big implications for the car industry is full become a union Platt, that would send the signal throughout the south last attacks in the Gulf of Oman, escalate tensions between the US and Iran. This is what's news from the Wall Street Journal on Kim Gittleson. Let's get started. Now, before we get into our main story of the morning, the fallout from yesterday's attacks onto oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman. Here's what you missed. White House press secretary Sarah Sanders is stepping down. She'll leave her job at the end of the month to return to Arkansas, the move was, of course announced in a tweet by President Trump late yesterday from Washington, Vivian Salomo has more in the eyes of the president. I will say that, that the, the, the successor has big shoes to fill President Trump was very fond of Sarah Sanders is very fond of Sarah Sanders. I should say he believes that she was an effective person to communicate his message, even if the press briefings got fewer, and fewer Sarah was taken into the fray more and more. She was really given such incredible access to the president and his daily operations his dealings he would often. Call her into meetings that he was having to. Her advice on something or to ask her to help him out with something. And so she really became more than a press secretary over the course of last couple of months, and certainly when the president stood at an event later, after his tweet went out the president was hosting an event at the White House on criminal Justice reform, and he called Sarah up to the stage, Sarah herself got pretty choked up, talks about being a mom, and how that's the most important job in her life. And this one was second to that, and how she really intends to spend more time with her kids, but you could tell even when President Trump delivered his remarks about Sarah, that he felt he was really losing quite an asset to his administration and Hong Kong's status, global financial center may be under threat. This has to do with the proposed law that would allow those accused of serious crimes to be extradited to mainland China, the government's decision to press ahead with the law. Spurred riots this week that led to violent clashes with the police from Hong Kong. Mike Byrd explains. I think investors are worried about Hong Kong sort of legal integrity. It's for a long time been a financial center, so Hong Kong's well-placed in terms of being pulled the access to southern China. It's massively benefited from China's rise as an economic power, but also it's got its own side of prosperity, which has been, you know, this sort of relatively open. It calls self Asia's world city, the access to finance has been notice smallpo- of why the city is rich in the first place and a large part of that has been based on, it's got a different legal system to mainland China since nineteen Ninety-seven, it's had a system well, framework called one country, two systems to legal frameworks, one in mainland China. I'm one in Hong Kong despite them being different countries, and that was designed in some ways to keep international investors relatively happy. Keep international financial institutions relatively chilled out is a common law system. It's very recognizable. If you're. An expert in British law banks understood it, they knew that it wouldn't be subject to sort of political vagaries, and things like that things that bankers and fund managers don't really like and yeah. That Stephanie under threat now for the knee law and another day, another historic sports victory. Here's a taste from last night's NBA finals where the Toronto Raptors won their first championship with a game six defeat over Oakland's Golden State Warriors. Toronto Canada, we the north or now we the champions read this to say it was joyous scene in Toronto where fans chanted the team slogan late into the night. We write that for most of the teams history, a championship seemed less like a dream, and more like a hallucination since we can't resist a good, fun fact. Here's some trivia about their name when the team was created the owners asked all of Canada for ideas since it was nineteen Ninety-four Jurassic Park was in its first heyday and somehow that meant that it made perfect sense to name an NBA team from Toronto after a dinosaur. Now, our main story this morning, the fallout from yesterday's attack onto oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman, late yesterday. The US military is central command released, a video that it says shows Iranian forces removed in mind from one of the two ships earlier secretary of state. Mike Pompeo blamed Iran for the attacks the assessment of the United States government that the Islamic Republic of Iran is responsible for the attacks that occurred in the Gulf of Amman, these unprovoked attacks present a clear threat to international peace and security, a blatant assault on the freedom of navigation and an unacceptable campaign of escalating tension, but run, however, Iran has denied responsibility. And instead suggested the attacks might be the work of actors seeking to draw the region into chaos, there are a lot of outstanding questions, but the attacks have already led oil prices to spike something we'll discuss later in our market segment. And they've. Raised concerns about a crucial shipping route. Our reporter Ben WAFA Khan is in London. He's on the street, so apologies for the sound Ben wa first things first, what's the latest about these attacks? What do we know? This stage. We have to rely, I mean, we know there was a damage from a potentially the project title or you know something that hate. Coast. That happened in the Gulf in the man, either in Iranian waters, very close by so tell me a little bit more about where the attack took place. It's a key shipping route. So why are talks in this region so worrisome? What is because it's one third of the world's seaborne own exports going that would and so, so very cheap prolific all to global markets. I mean remember US shell is very is very rich all patched, but he's also expensive to extract. So if it's one eighty very cheap oil you go you go to the personal. And this is the second attack. We've seen in the region. Why are they happening? Do we know what's behind this? She consensus starts, someone who is covering these two attacks will carry these two attacks. I mean but then she these two would be the same player. I mean, the emeritus of said they were state actors based on the modest Burundi, and it would be Oviously someone that wants to do two things I showed these routes is very vulnerable and is easy to disrupt and to potentially create and his relation toward the war beyond that it's very difficult to final assessment on who did it. So if we're not sure why did secretary of state Mike Pompeo seem so certain yesterday when he said that Iran was behind these attacks. What they the main who obviously, is that a lot of people, I mean, the Iran denies being behind this attack. And a lot of people are skeptical. The state that because the US obviously, is an initial very strong agenda towards Iran. So what is expected and even cold for, including by the US and, and the Saudis. Typically is an international investigation. I mean, already in the case of Fujiwara, the US asks the French and others to investigate so that they would provide would be seen as an internationally recognized commission. If both sides have said, they don't want more, but Iran and the US, and we're waiting for this international conclusion, how safe is this straight have have has anyone made any attempt to sort of reroute their oil shipments? We noted where any attempts so far, too. I mean what could happen is more delays resident rerouting because at the end of the day, it's a very profitable business and remember doing the first Gulf war. Actually doing the war between Iran and Iraq vessel shipments continue, despite the fact, several vessel Rex three completely destroyed not by the US during the war. So I think it's a risky business that people will be ready to take. You can find our full coverage of the fallout from the attacks and the investigation into who's behind them on WSJ dot com. Here. The extraordinary secrets of how to thrive in disrupted world old rules of merged inaugurating creeks anymore. So what works making a wise proven, pivot to the future, will I am and Omar Abba, subscribe wherever you get your podcasts. On to markets, like I mentioned, we'll stay with the fallout from yesterday's attacks. But now turn our attention to oil prices, they spiked in the wake of the attacks just a week after US oil briefly entered a bear market. That's when prices fall twenty percent from peak to explain what's going on our European finance editor Alex rang goes has more oil prices are very, very cheap, because there's just a ton of oil, the US had reported the day before these attacks that the inventories of oil or you know, it was very high and the increase in prices after the attack was as much as four percent, which in the grand scheme of things isn't a lot. You know, oil market is a big global market. So when there's a disruption in one region and other region can pick up the slack. And right now, the US is the place where there's tons of oil. And so, you know, prices will go up a little bit on these risks, but it's not something necessarily unless they get a lot lot worse that will cause oil prices to necessarily go through the roof or anything. And now the skied, here's what to look forward to later today. The United Auto Workers union is taking another shot at organizing Volkswagen's factory, and Chattanooga Tennessee. The vote today comes five years after a similar measure, failed, even with the support of Volkswagen. The plant is the German carmakers only non unionized factory outside of China from Berlin. William Boston has more over the past decade, or so the foreign manufacturing auto manufacturing companies have gone from being a niche player in the United States to actually of making more automobiles in the United States than the big three Detroit automakers the other side of this is that none of the foreign automakers in the United States, are unionized, and that means that half of the manufacturing of automobiles in, in the United States is taking place non union shops. And so if folks hug were to become a union class. That, that would send a signal throughout the south and potentially, you know, have a ripple effect in all of these plants begin a kind of a chain reaction where one plant after the other becomes a U A W factory that, look, the politicians in south are really afraid of that VW would send a signal that would sort of begin a movement that was breakdown. They're very staunch anti union policies which they feel would make the south of much less attractive place for businesses to invest and Facebook is preparing to unveil its very own crypto currency next week with the help of some pretty big names, visa PayPal MasterCard and Uber. Those companies along with venture capitalists. And telecommunications firms have all tentatively signed on to invest about ten million dollars. Each in the coin according to people familiar with the matter. The crypto currency will be governed by a consortium, and it will be pegged to a basket. Of government issued currencies. That's in the hopes of preventing wild price swings. The coin which will be known as libra is set to launch next year Facebook declined to comment. But we want to know would you use it EMAS? What's news, all one word, wsJcom or tweet us at WSJ podcasts? That's what's news from the Wall Street Journal. Thanks for listening and have a great weekend.
"Blue Hello and welcome to over the edge. My name is Luke Erickson your host of the over the podcast and let me be the first person to say boy. Does it feel good to be back. Now it's been a bit of a long break the believe me. There's been a lot of business to take care of over the past several weeks but we're back and I hope to be back for what I am calling now the second season of over the edge you wanted to try to keep a consistent schedule for the entire year minus stuff like spring break. I want to be able to upload once a week for you guys whether that that falls on Thursdays maybe a little bit dependence collectively electives. But I want to be able to put out an episode for you guys each week. I promise all will be able to cover all the topics that you guys want to stay up to date and be able to suggest stuff to me through my instagram at the Ot podcast and yeah without further ado. Let's get into today's topic which is on Iran the subsoil. We'll be a little shorter but what I hope to be very informative Alabi me on this episode but you can be on the lookout for a part to where I will be Be bringing on some gas asked to get their opinions on this very pressing conflict. We'll be discussing. The origins are history with Iran as well as for the future in this conflict. And Yeah Yeah. Let's get right into Hello Luke Erickson from the over the edge podcast here with a quick at anchor anchors the recording software that I use for all of my podcasts and it is truly the easiest way to make a podcast. It's free and the creation tools that allow you to record an at your podcast. Oh cast right from your phone and computer are great. My favorite part is at anchor will distribute your podcast for you so it can be heard on spotify apple podcast and many more you can make money money from your podcast with no minimum listenership and all in all. It's everything you could want in a podcast all in one place. Download the free anchor APP on APP store or who play or go to anchor dot. FM to get started. Okay and welcome back first off. We are going to go over a little. Bit of a timeline found him put put together. That kinda goes over. Recent events obviously our history with Iran goes back tens of not a hundred years But I just kind of want to go over the recent the The relevant history in current events and it starts July fourteenth of two thousand fifteen on the US and Iran and some a few other nations announced the nuclear deal and Iran the US and four other UN permanent members announced that they have reached a comprehensive deal regarding Iran's nuclear their program. Iran agreed to limit its uranium enrichment which obviously is making nuclear weapons and allow international inspectors into the country in exchange change for a lifting of trade sanctions primarily concerning oil then July sixteenth of two thousand sixteen now so year pretty much the year after this has happened the US and Europe lifted the sanctions on Iran asked promise in the nuclear deal and the very next day. The Obama Administration issued a new sanctions against eleven people and companies with leak to Iran's ballistic missile program. Now twenty seventeen trump extend sanctions waiver So what pretty much happened is the trump administration renewed sanctions waivers. That were in part because of the AH Iran nuclear deal and then may eighth of two thousand eighteen so another year head the US R- withdrawals from the from the Iran. Nuclear deal on this this kind of big news back in two thousand eighteen if you guys remember that or not but president trump announced that the US will withdraw from the Iranian nuclear agreement and implements a maximum pressure sure campaign in an attempt to force Iran to negotiate a new deal. So you heard this in trump's campaign as well as two thousand eighteen was going on trump was really unhappy. Happy With the deal that Obama had made with Iran whether or not that was a political move because Obama had made the plan and he just wasn't a fan of that and wanted Anatole renegotiate it As he does. Or if it was a serious problem with the deal that he was unhappy with either way In response wants Iran says it will exceed the caps for uranium-enriching as outlined by the Iran. Nuclear deal international nuclear watchdogs later confirmed that Iran Iran had exceeded its limits That were set out in the twenty fifteen deal so now April eighth of Twenty nineteen so this is a a month and a year after the. US had originally withdraw from the Iran. Nuclear deal in Iran had exceeded its limits trump trump designates the Iran Islamic Revolutionary Guard corpse as a foreign terrorist organization is the first time the US has declared part of another national government as a terrorist organization. So kind of big news. These are not small claims that were being made by the trump administration. And during this time time from May to October of two thousand nineteen so not not may when the US withdrawal from The Iran nuclear deal but from May to October of of twenty nine thousand nine the US Iran tensions had ramped up a ton because of and this is another kind of current event. That was going on back then. The oil tanker explosions now. Now there was officially. No I guess conclusive evidence that directly pointed to Iran or like the Iranian government having exploded. Order these oil tankers but a series of attacks on these oil tankers near the Straits of who who mas which is in the Oman or the Gulf of Oman? I believe Tensions between the US just skyrocketed the US blamed Iran for the tax on the oil tankers are sailing under Saudi Arabian Japanese US and British flags in response. US attempts to seize an Iranian Oil Tanker K now November twenty nineteen Iranian Iranian riots over economic concerns. Start to begin and over the course of the next four days Iran's riots in the streets in opposition to the increase in oil prices mainly they do to sanctions that were being put on and all this drama that was occurring international estimates. That more than three hundred people were killed in the government. Crackdown on this demonstration. The trump trump administration in response sharply criticized the Iranian government for how it handled these protests killed three hundred of its people while okay now were in December thirty first so and other month forward From the riots and twenty nineteen and this is probably something you may be able to remember now if you're listening to this when it came amount of course the MILTA- members attacked US embassy embassies in Baghdad. So the Iraqi demonstrators as well so Iraq Iran Iran different different countries Iraqi demonstrators and Iran backed milita members break into the US embassy in Baghdad and set. Fire To the embassy in this was in response to the American airstrikes that killed members of Iran. Back Milita The previous weekend so now going forward. Here's here's our big news. This is where all the world war three means. came from this is where all the main drama in recent events have came from the. US killed General Solo Mommy Sulejmani Yeah so the. US killed Iran's top general title as well as Iraqi military leaders boo muddied in a drone strike in Baghdad. So Iraq Iraq really Kinda and I got the worst of this because Baghdad is in Iraq not Iran and they got bombed or not bomb but launched missile twice once by Iran trying in to attack the US and then by the US trying to attack Iran. Obviously only one of those were successful. The one that killed the Iranian general but then now skipping Ford I five days or in January eighth now so this is what I just kind of mentioned Iran launch missiles onto basis and Iraq where soldiers are stationed in relationship with the killing of their general. No casualties were reported the same morning. A Ukrainian airliner crashed crashed. Quotation marks around crashed after taking off from Iran the US officials say that Iran shot down with two Russian surface to air missiles. There is some video footers. I believe that was put out by BBC of a plane that was flying. And you see this huge explosion in the air and later you hear her a a giant explosion through the sound And that is claimed to be the Ukrainian airliner that was supposedly shot down Now Day later. US retaliates was sanctioned. So this is the first kind of official sanctions that came in after the. US had left the nuclear ordeal all the way back in two thousand eighteen so January ninth trump announces. His administration will impose new sanctions on Iran in response to the missile strike. The next day Secretary Secretary of state. Mike pompeo Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin outlined the details of the sanctions which target the construction manufacturing actioning mining textile industries and of course oil industries these sanctions also name eight Iranian officials within these sanctions. Two days after this January the eleventh Iran finally admitted that the Ukrainian airliner was shot down and quotation marks the end by mistake and the admission sparked protests in in Tehran and elsewhere against Iranian leaders. So a little more context. I want to add to this. Timeline is first of all the funeral that happened. For General Sulejmani Sulejmani reporter said that it encompassed almost are actually not almost more than a million people attended of this man's funeral and in case you guys were curious or didn't really get it in the mainstream media. I think it was Kinda not reported on as much as more just like. Oh we killed Tim. This happened not necessarily. We should be happy for it but he was a bad guy so in January second the Pentagon announced that the strike was to deter future Iranian attack plans trump also announced that he was an imminent threat and was caught planning attacks against the United States. Why these reports a came out so much later. I don't know because if you go back all the way to twenty seventeen trump had stated in a national secretary or not the National National Security Conference that he believed that Sulejmani was a threat. So why this didn't really come out in the mainstream media. I don't know I want inform you guys in case if you were curious and yeah so with that being said I'm going to hop into a little bit of I guess trying to explain where I stand stand on this and were I think it could go. Yeah as well as all the other possible alternatives through that all right so now that we're out of kind of the more factual part of this episode the time line and everything leading up as well as a little bit of history on Sulejmani I think I'm finally starting to get that name right. I kinda wanted to lay back a little bit and give have my opinion on this issue because we don't have any other guests on this episode again. Look out for a part to definitely want to get people's opinion On on the Iran conflict answer. Most people's questions are we gonna go to war with Iran. No I highly doubt we are going to declare war on Iran. Is there going to be a major military conflict. I wouldn't bet I don't want to bet on yes. I can't say for certain. No now I'd put it at about fifty fifty. You can go check. I'm sure there's Vegas odds on it right now. My guess is what's going to happen is there's going to be kind one of a trade war similar to what's going on with China but a little more violent and the sunset the if we were going to go to war it'd be something that Iran Iran did on top of what's already been going on Because of how upset they are with the sanctions that have been put on them with mining oiling textiles textiles all. They're pretty much every export that Iran has the US has put sanctions on top of it. And that's GONNA affect their economy hugely as an the impact pretty much everybody in that country as far as the death the Sulejmani if I'm going to take everything that trump and some other major leaders in the US verbatim. Take what they save our Vadim. The killing him was justified but the allegations that are put against him are exactly that they were allegations. There wasn't a ton of evidence put out as to what an imminent threat or how so he was an imminent threat and also whether or not he he had actually been planning strikes against the United States. Now I'm not saying the. US would I about that but there was no kind of further stuff. Put out about that. which is is I want to say concerning but obviously it's for someone who is very popular and their country? I can and see why the Iranian people are very upset again. There was over a million people at his funeral. And if you look at any sort of I guess interviews or our news work that's been done directly inside of Iran the people are livid absolutely live in a site may stated earlier the whole idea of death to America and this is directly from the mouth of the Iranian leader Does not mean that to the American artem people which is why I have a harder time believing that The Iranian general had had had plans to attack the US or at least maybe the US people what the leader of Iran says that the idea of death to America means death to the American liters. So that's trump his whole administration. I don't know if that extends to the government as a whole but I don't mean that to be necessarily consoling as it's like. Oh Yeah we're fine. We didn't do anything wrong. obviously that's still you could take. That is a threat But I find it a lot less Monstrous and saying we have a problem with an entire people who didn't necessarily do anything to us So just putting that out there again. This is is strictly my opinion on this issue. I think it's a little harder than stuff I've talked about in the past where there is a more fine line of yes and no and obviously everything in politics is is great. It's not black and white. Some some argue different. I wouldn't I think there's always a a a gray area and especially in something like this where it's not just like. Oh should we go to the war. Should we go to war. Yes or no It's whether or not what we did was right. What how egregious what they did was and yeah? It's not. It's not a economics. How do I feel about trump's tax tax reform? Or how do I feel about Democratic candidates which is also an episode. I hope to be doing soon now that that's starting to narrow down a little bit. Sadly my man Andrew Yang was not not in the January debate but that's all right And Yeah so I think I think that sums comes up I don't want to ramble on for too long. This is going to be a little bit of a shorter episode. Yeah everything I don't cover and this particular episode or stuff you WanNa hear. Make sure Sorta let me know because I do want to do a part two of this. I ask More you as have interviews with how you feel about this issue. I just feel like where where this issue stands right now. This covers most of it and this is going to be evolving over the next several weeks. If not months depending on how much more he did the skits and yeah I think I'm going to wrap up this section here y'All hop right into the ultra Hello and thank you for listening to this week's episode of over the edge podcast as I said earlier. This obviously isn't the most in-depth episode I've ever done but I really hope you guys enjoy at least me kind of being back. I'm really trying to get back into this. It's been a little bit harder to motivate with school and work and everything that's been going on but I've heard from a lot of you. How much you enjoy hearing these and how much it can kind of really help you form your guy's opinion lookout for part to this episode? I know IC- impeachment trials going on right now. The Democratic race is heating up and then soon enough. We're going to be into the national. Between trump and over the democratic commitment is everyone has tons of opinions on that so this year if not be this the next month or two we'll have tons of amazing content and I'll also be able to cover hopefully the two episodes that I didn't get to cover back from the twenty nine hundred scheduled. So everything's GonNa get gone over at one time or another and yeah stay tuned checkout the Instagram at the Ot podcast and yeah. I do have a good rest of your day and go utes.
An Iran Deal Architect Watches It Get Nuked
"What next is supported by Charles Schwab. What is Schwab's modern approach to investing? It's great service. It's transparency about how much you're paying fees and commissions. It's offering some of the lowest costs in the industry backed by satisfaction guarantee. If you're not satisfied for any reason the refund the fees and work with you to make things right. So ask yourself, are you getting low costs and award winning service? If not maybe it's time to call Schwab, visit Schwab dot com forward slash comparis-. To learn more. There's this picture. I keep thinking about a picture of the way things used to be when it came to American foreign policy. It was taken back in two thousand fifteen the Iran nuclear deal, had just been agreed to in Vienna in this picture, then secretary of state. John Kerry is on a government plane with his lead negotiator ambassador, Wendy Sherman. They're on their way home. They look relieved. They've got glasses of wine in their hands. We opened the bottle. We handed out plastic cups took a ship that was our celebration and immediately, everyone on that airplane, just passed out in exhaustion. I've been thinking about that photo of embassador Sherman, because in it, she's got the satisfied smile of someone who's just done something really difficult almost impossible, we were humbled by the historic nature of this agreement nobody wants to Ron to have a nuclear weapon. So, I think we all understood the gravity of. Of what we had done, but also what was before us. You said that during negotiations, the Iranians ask they said, what do we do if another administration comes in and just blows this thing up because, as you said it wasn't a treaty. It was an executive action, and so any executive could change that action. So whenever the Iranians asked me that question was often. I would say back to them. How do we know that your government won't change? How do we know that you pull out of it? We have to make this deal as good as we possibly can. So it is as Dorrell as it possibly can be. And the fact that Iran has complied with the deal for over a year even after the United States, President, Trump withdrew from the deal says something about the door ability of the DO, because it has lasted even after that withdrawal, obviously, we're now at a much more difficult, and much more dangerous point. But it actually was quite durable under the circumstances. Right now with that agreement. She negotiated in question with United States tiptoeing to the edge of war with Iran, I wanted to talk to someone who tried to solve an international crisis like this one someone who might Noah way forward, did you expect to be where we are today? I hoped we would not be where we are today. But I didn't expect Donald Trump to be president of the United States either. Today on the show. We know how the Trump administration sees Iran ambassador Sherman is going to tell us how Iran sees us. I'm Mary Harris. You're listening to what next stay with us. Doctors are doing the best they can to fight cancer. The most challenging disease humankind has ever faced, but they're often limited by two d images to understand a patient's three D And not Amee. What if this could be different Dr Christopher Morley? Dr Osama Chowdhury created meta viz, a technology that can take two dimensional patient. Imaging whether an MRI or cat scan and converted into three dimensional holographic renderings. This will fundamentally change how doctors visualized cancer. Doctor Moreland Chowdhury thought this technology might just not be possible because competing power just wasn't there. But Reisen five G ultra wideband will give him the ability to do this for is five G ultra wideband will help give doctors the ability to fight cancer like never before. Learn more at Verizon dot com slash build the future slash sleet. Over the last week, the American standoff with Iran has escalated again and again after explosions crippled, two boats in the Gulf of Oman. The US blamed Iran, a few days later, Iran shot down, an unmanned American drone by Thursday. President Trump seemed ready to authorize military action. But then he suddenly pulled back. He said he didn't wanna take Iranian lives. So I asked him Basseterre Sherman, does any of this give her a sense of relief is quite an unusual circumstance. If we are all depending on Donald Trump to save us from more. This is a president in my view, who makes decisions from his gut not from information, not from knowledge, not from history, not from thoughtful deliberations with his national security team. So it is quite concerning. How decisions get? Made in the White House, or don't get me. And although the president said that he took the decision to pull back on the retaliatory strike in his view because all of a sudden he realized one hundred and fifty people might die. The question is why did he only know that or consider that ten minutes before the possible strike? Where was the policy process? The briefings discussion to appreciate what the risks were here. I cannot imagine that he agreed to these strikes without that kind of a briefing. It is, you know, absolutely would have been at the top of the list. So that statement was breathtaking and extraordinary. And he is soon he would have gotten that information whether he asked or not just, here's what this means here's the consequence. Yes, yes. So whether he didn't pay attention to it or whether he's just trying to add to the. Drama of his pulling back from the strike. But in fact, what it is done is made him look in it before last week's escalation ambassador Sherman was keeping in touch with Iran's foreign minister Javad Zarif. He said across from earth. Negotiating table helped create the deal that came to be known as the J C P, O A, the joint comprehensive plan of action. She says to understand Iran's perspective on everything. That's happened since it helps to understand the reef foreign ministers. Your jewelry is a master diplomat. He is incredibly smart. He's quite dramatic at time, there would be times during negotiation where he would sort of retreat to the back of the room at an hand. Whoa, is me. So he he was quite entertaining at times, but a very serious man, and trying to best represent the interests of. His country tough negotiator. He lived in the United States for thirty years, he had a lot of his education here, virtually all of it here in the United States. He was the ambassador to the United Nations for Iran for quite some time, which is how many of us I got to know him. So he understands American media, he understands the American system. He's very media savvy. So he is a formidable and talented diplomat. I'm wondering if you can explain how we got here. I mean, we pulled out of the agreement Unical she it about a year ago and tensions with Iran have been steadily ratcheting up. Can you explain why from that rainy in perspective from someone like divulge Cerise perspective, why this makes sense? Most people think that Iran has no politics because it has prima leader. So this cream leader must be supreme and make all decisions. In fact, Iran has quite complex politics. It's not a democracy. Even though it elected president Alexis president from a slate of candidates that is approved by the supreme leader and council that makes these decisions. So it is not a full democracy in the way that we believe in democracy's. The supreme leader always balancing those that I would consider hardliners in their system like Javad Zarif, and those that are hard hardliners who never wanted the joint comprehensive plan of action because they owned around the Konomi, they owned the black market, they wanted to have freedom of action, and they didn't want any western presence in Iran whatsoever. Can we go back? Can you can you distinguish for me between? Hard-liner and a hard hard liner. What's the difference in Iran? What's the difference in the US well in a role on the president, Ronnie is a hard liner? He is a very conservative cleric so often people talk about him a moderate, and I suppose within his system, he may be more moderate, but he is a hardliner. He believes in the Crecy of Iran. He believes in Iran's capabilities, but he is not a hard hardliner who not only believe in the Oxy, but believe in really taking over the Middle East and having freedom of action directly in through around Ian proxies, this ascendancy of the hard, hard liners in Iran, of course, is happening at the same time that the hard hard liners like John Bolton and secretary Pompeo are on the ascendancy in terms of Trump's foreign policy. And so we have a sort of symbolic. Mm by audit escalatory ladder where those interests begin to predominate and not the interests of peace security, and stability. I consider myself a hardliner I want to make sure Ron does not have a nuclear weapon, I want them to stop their state sponsorship of terrorism. Their human rights abuses. Have Americans come home who are unjustly detained and imprisoned or missing in Iran. I want them to stop their maligned behavior in the Middle East and stop threatening our ally and partner Israel, but I believe that we can do that largely through diplomacy that is backed up by credible threat of force because that can often serve diplomacy. Well, but what the president has done by withdrawing the JC peo- way is to really constrain his choices. So what John Bolton and secretary. Pump peyot have really designed here are very few choices for the president. If you withdraw from the base EPLA, if you ratchet up the sanctions, if you push away, our allies, particularly Europe, you're left with two choices either you keep the sanctions on forever, or you take military action and risk and Arab Persian war. You talked to about the Iranian psychology here, where you know, there's a particular way that they view the relationship with the US, and so for them they see no other choice than to ratchet things up. We'll look there is no trust between the United States and, and Ron, I don't trust around, Ian, they don't trust me. We did gain a mutual respect for each other, and a better understanding of each other. But a run ins are superb negotiators. They see the entire landscape. They are complex negotiators, not just. Transactional, and the president tend to be transactional, I win or I lose, he doesn't see all of the dimensions of the chessboard, and how to define US interests. And a chief those US interests interested to hear you say you have no trust there, because you spent months, negotiating with the Iranians, you know, we have a very long history with Iran. Most Americans think that the lack of trust and the Nate from nineteen seventy nine when the Iranian revolution took place and Iran took American hostage for four hundred forty four days, but it actually goes back before, then in the nineteen fifties, when most deck was prime minister and was came to that position in the relatively democratic way he considered nationalizing the oil industry in Iran and the British in. Elegance, along with the American CIA deposed him and put in the Shah of Iran, who was a ally to the United States, but a dictator and oppressor in Iran, which led to the Iran revolution. So Iran history, United States is a bad one. The United States history with Iran is about one, and it will take more than the joint comprehensive plan of action to get us to a normal, diplomatic relationship. I mean, there's been reporting that some diplomats have been trying to encourage Iran to keep abiding by the nuclear agreement, even though the US has pulled out of it. Do you see any hope for that still happening now? Well, the Europeans have worked extremely hard to try to create a what's called a special purpose vehicle sort of a barter system to try to get some trade and investment in Iran to keep the deal going. But they're having a very difficult time because the administration, the Trump administration has made it clear that any company that makes use of this system. We'll be sanctioned by the United States and Iraq, onomic power is quite profound. So Europe's efforts have kept this deal going, and Iran's compliance of for over a year now, but it is in great jeopardy, there will be a meeting on the twenty eighth of June NBN a- of all of the partners to the agreement except the United States. So the four other permanent members of this Curie council, plus Germany, and the European Union to see. See if there's anything that can be done to keep the deal together. I read one analysis that said that was going on between the United States in Iran. Right now is going to have to come to a head at some point. Do you believe that clearly, we are seeing mixed signals from President Trump on the one hand he you know, there's that old statement you should walk softly, and carry a big stick? I think he does it opposite, which is to walk loudly and carry a little stick. And I think neither works in this instance, it is a much more complex situation. And until he gets a deeper and more strategic plan in place to meet America's national security interests. Indeed. We will continue to head a very bad place. Yeah. You've said, the Trump administration needs to put something on the table to basically re. Reset the conversation with Iran right now which to me, it just seems like the exact opposite of what someone like John Bolton wants to do. If I'm sure that's true. But one possibility here we certainly saw President Trump in the North Korea situation, put the stopping of military exercises, south three on the table in great surprise to many people to get his summit with Kim Jong UN that didn't leak very much because he didn't have a strategy. He didn't have a plan. He didn't have a team in place at the time and he didn't have a real way forward. He hadn't done all the consultations that are necessary with partners and allies and I fear that will be the same case here. What do you say to people who say, we shouldn't be talking to Europeans? We, you know there as you said, there's no trust there. Why should we be having these conversations? You know, long ago, the prime minister of Israel Rabin said, I think he's, he's quoting others as well. That one does not make peace with your friends, you make peace with your enemies so talking is fine. But you have to have a plan, you have to have a strategy, you have to know what your interests are and you know, how you have to know how you're going to achieve them. Ambassador sherman. I'm very grateful for your time. Thank you. Wendy Sherman is a senior fellow at the Bill for center for science and international affairs at the Harvard, Kennedy School of government. All right. That's the show. What next is hosted by me? Mary, Harris and produced by Mary Wilson, Jason de Leon and Ethan Brooks. It today show helped you figure some stuff out about Iran and what's going to happen there. We would really appreciate it. If you went onto apple podcasts and left us a review. It helps people find us but we also read them. So it's nice to hear from you. You can also follow me on Twitter. I'm at Mary's desk. All right. Talk to you tomorrow.
DOJ releases legal opinion backing treasury secretary's refusal to hand over Trump tax returns; Department of Justice Legal Opinion: Democrats' demand for Trump taxes "Unprecedneted" and "Serious risk of abuse";
"From CNN films. Apollo eleven. Landed experience Menotti's greatest feat like you've never seen before with newly discovered incredible footage. Apollo eleven Sunday June twenty third nine on CNN tired of spending hundreds of dollars for prescription glasses. Xeni offers thousands of affordable. Eyewear styles starting at just six ninety five no ridiculous markups. No hassles. Just quality affordable. I wear delivered right to you visits any today at Xeni dot com slash CNN. Happening now breaking news Trump's taxes tonight, the Justice department has just released a lengthy legal opinion, which supports the treasury secretaries refusal to hand over President Trump's tax returns. We'll House Democrats now turn to the courts, collusion cleanup. President Trump is trying to clean up a mess of his own making now saying that if presented with campaign, dirt by a foreign source he'd give the material to the FBI after taking a look international situation, a US official says a drone spotted Iranian boats closing in before the attacks on textures in the Gulf of Oman. The president says subsequent video purportedly showing a rainy is removing a mind from one vessel proves that Iran. Did it now the Pentagon says we have an international situation and plot twists stunning new twist in the shooting of baseball legend. David Ortiz, has the alleged triggermen yells to reporters that are teeth was not his. Intended. Target prosecutors say the suspect already admitted to plotting to kill Ortiz. I'm wolf Blitzer? You're in the situation room. This is CNN breaking new Reggie news. The Justice department has now released a legal opinion. Supporting Treasury Secretary Steven itunes refusal to give congress. President Trump's tax returns Mnuchin has rejected a request and a subpoena from the powerful House Ways and means committee chairman, meantime, President Trump is trying to clean up his comment about being willing to accept campaign, dirt from foreign sources. He now says he would give them a cheerio to the FBI after checking it out himself also bricky tonight. We're learning that before to taxes were attacked in the Gulf of them on a US drone was fired on, after spotting a rainy boats closing in on the daggers after the attacks, the US military released video that it says shows, Iranians removing unexploded mine from the hull of one of the ships off, speak was Senator mazy run of the judiciary and armed services committees and our correspondents and analysts we'll have full coverage of the day's top. Stories. Let's begin with our senior. Congressional correspondent mono Raggio motto. What are we learning about this new Justice department legal opinion while in a very aggressive thirty three page letter sent tonight from the office of legal counsel from the Justice department for the first time, eat telling the legal argument, why the Trump administration will not turn over President Trump's tax return six years of his tax returns to the House Ways and means committee, despite facing a subpoena from the chairman of that committee. Richard Neal in this opinion, the Justice department calls this quote unprecedented this request calls it a quote, serious risk of abuse, what they are accusing Ritchie. Neil trying to do is essentially release these tax returns publicly. They believe that, that the comments made by the chairman suggests that perhaps, he could do something that would undermine the secrecy and sensitivity of President Trump's tax returns. Now, one of the things that they are arguing here as a treasury department did in rejecting. Subpoena, that Richard Neal issued earlier. This spring was saying this lacks legitimate legislative purpose. This is an argument. They've been making in this fight, and in other court fights as well. But Richard Neal the chairman of the committee has said that there is a legislative purpose. He said, one thing that they are, examining whether or not the presidential auditing system on tax returns. Whether that needs to be overhauled in any way, whether it needs to be more any legislation to change that. And of course that has been the justification as to why the president has not released his tax returns despite his predecessors doing, so while they were campaigning for president. But nevertheless, they are making the argument here that there's no legitimate legislative purpose, even though courts in separate, court battles, have rejected the notion that Congress's not have a legitimate legislative purpose when seeking separate records including financial records in a separate corporate case. But nevertheless, that is the argument here accusing the chairman of the committee, that who's doing something, what they're saying unprecedented, and something that could. Risk of Beauce of the president's tax returns. So Bonte what's the next move for Democrats? Well Democrats are setting the stage for a legal fight in acknowledging that this could play out for months if not years behind closed doors earlier this week. The house general counsel told Democrats in closed-door meeting that this fight could take some time, but tension until twenty twenty maybe even beyond no one quite knows. But Democrats pint, initiate that lawsuit sometime soon some members of that committee. The House Ways and communes committee have expressed concern that they have not moved more aggressively and not filed a lawsuit even earlier, that's one member of the committee boy, dog told me just yesterday. He believes this committee needs needed had been more aggressive filing a lawsuit calling for impeachment inquiry, instead, saying that can actually help their efforts to get information including the president's tax returns, expect that debate among Democrats that continue. But the best way to pursue this kind of information. But nevertheless, at the moment what's going to happen is litigation. Democrats will fight to get these tax returns and the Justice department now laying out their rationale about why the Trump administration should not turn over six years of the president's tax return to maharaja up on Capitol Hill. Thank you after creating an uproar President Trump is now back tracking on this comment about being willing to accept foreign campaign dirt. Let's go to see us chief White House correspondent, Jim Acosta for the latest Jim President Trump will fast caused some collusion confusion now saying he would inform the FBI before government tried to offer and political dirt on an opponent. The president has been all over the place on this issue. Appearing to say he was pro collusion after months of claiming there was no collusion. President Trump is doing some collusion cleanup insisting he would go to the FBI if a foreign power handed him, damaging information about a political rival though, the president seemed to leave some wiggle room conceding he might look at it. I of course you'd give it to the FBI or reported to the attorney general or somebody like that. But of course you do that. You wouldn't. You couldn't have that happen with our country, and everybody understands that, and I thought it was made clear fact, I actually said at the beginning, I think I said, I'd do both but how are you going? If you don't hear what it is. You know what it is still? It's an attempt at damage control after sounding curious about collusion. I think you might wanna listen. I don't this nothing wrong with listening. It's not an interference. They have information. I think I'd take it if I thought there was something wrong. I'd go maybe to the FBI, if I thought there was something wrong, one Trump campaign aide sees the president's comment as a directive. The president's directed as. Said a case by case basis, he said he would likely do both listen to what they have to say. But also reported to the FBI majority leader Mitch McConnell appeared to dismiss Mr. Trump's remarks. They just can't let it go said weeks ago, case close. We got the Muller report, the only objective evaluation that will be conducted, but some Republicans are taking issue with the idea of accepting foreign dirt. Nobody should ever ever take any foreign intelligence or any information from any foreign government, if that's not the law, and I think it is, if that's not the law, we need to make that expressly clear. President also got testy, with the notion that he evaded questions on obstruction during the Russian investigation. I answered a lot of questions. They gave me questions. I answer them in writing not an obstruction looked you being a little is okay. Do which is typical. You just see stand very simple. It's very simple. There was no crime. There was no collusion, Mr. Trump rejected. Former White House counsel Don mcgann's claimed that he was asked to fire. Special counsel, Robert Muller. I don't care what he says, doesn't matter that was to show everyone. What a good counsel. He was it. Why would we add business totally lie under oath? Why would you lose? You want it to make himself. Look like a good lawyer. The president is standing by White House counselor Kellyanne Conway, after a government watchdog recommended that she be removed from her position, raccoons ations of violating the hatchback buying gauging and political activity in her official capacity. Looks to me like they're trying to take away her. Right of free speech and not fair. But that's not exactly true. As the law does limit political advocacy for federal employees. President also talked up vice President Mike Pence, but not enough to guarantee he'd support him in twenty twenty four. I love Mike. We're running again, but, you know, you're talking about time. So you can't put me in that position. But I certainly would give it very strong consideration. Now the president's reelection campaign is now acknowledging that it seemed polling numbers from. Back in March that showed for vice president, Joe Biden leading Mr. Trump in some key states. In a statement from the campaign, they just put out a short while ago. Aides argue a lot has changed since March and adding, quote, these leak numbers are ancient in campaign terms, but make no mistake will they are concerned about Joe Biden inside the Trump campaign will sure they are Mukasa. Thank you very much. Joining us now democratic Senator maisy Hirono of Hawaii, member both the judiciary and the Armed Services Committee. Senator, thanks so much for joining us. And I wanted to get right to the breaking news. You heard it reported the office of legal counsel over at the Justice department has just released this very lengthy, and I haven't here thirty three page opinion, siding with the Treasury Department's refusal to hand over President Trump's tax returns. The lawmakers tax returns from the last six years does that hurt. Congress's case right now where do you go from here? This is totally not unexpected of the, the law. The relevant law says that these returns must be turned over the word must says must so whatever attorney general bar, and the office of legal counsel is arguing does not comport with the plain meaning of the statute, but it's not surprising because you have an attorney general who continues to act like the president's personal lawyer, and not the lawyer for the United States. So once again. Sadly, I'm not surprised because basically what the president wants our people around him who will protect him. We'll make sure that he gets his way. To be precise. Law says that the treasury department shall return shall hand over the tax returns. That's the argument that the congress is making, but the letter from the office of legal counsel over the Justice department says Congress's request raises in their words, a serious risk of the Beauce, do you have any concerns about lawmakers abusing their power in cases like this, for example, releasing that confidential that quiet information about someone's tax returns making it public? President said himself during his campaign that he would release his tax returns, and he says a lot of things and he said a lot of things during his campaign, but he hasn't delivered on very, many of them. So here's another instance, of, yes, the word shell is in the in the statute shall means a show, which means must, so that's how I look at it. And again, I'm really disappointed more than disappointed in the attorney general for not reading the statue of the way should be read. But this is an attorney general who believes in what's known as a unitary executive, which means that all power goes with executive, I e the president. So there's a lot of danger and the perspective of the attorney general with regard to not just this, but so many other issues that will come before, but before congress in their attempt to get to the bottom of what this administration is doing in so many areas, including by the way continuing -struction of the. The Muller report, and what that portends so so what are Democrats do now? We have to go to court and I just think that every time that the Trump administration makes a decision or he doesn't executive order, somebody has to go to court to what a waste of resources and time, but that's what we're having to do. So that's one of the reasons that this administration is so intent on packing the courts with, by the way, the complicity of Mitch McConnell so intent on packing. The courts with people who will side with the president on this as well. There's so many other issues that is their intent and the court packing that is going on. And why Mitch McConnell is so intent on having as many judges being placed in their lifetime positions as possible as quickly as possible, because just about everything. This administration does leads to a court battle sooner let's turn to the president's stunning admission that he would be willing to accept foreign dirt on a political opponent, including foreign dirt provided from Russia or China or other adverse. Adversaries of the United States, you support opening an impeachment inquiry, but many of your democratic colleagues still very much reluctant to open a formal procedure, you think comments like this from the president will convince lawmakers who might be on the fence right now that it's time to begin impeachment proceedings. I've said that it's time to begin impeachment inquiries, which means that we're going to be very focused on all of the different aspects of what this administration is doing in, including by the way, the structure of Justice claims that are right. Examined by Muller. So, yes, I say it's time for us to be very focused on what we need to have the country focus on as, as we all know. And it's been said and framed in this way, people are going to watch the movie. They're not going to read the book, they're not going to read the four hundred page Mullah report, and particularly the part two, which talks about and lays out the obstruction of Justice activities that this president is engaged in and continue to. Majority leader Mitch McConnell is dismissing your concerns. The Democrats concerns about the president's latest comments. He says Democrats are trying to keep the twenty sixteen election alive. What's your response to Mitch McConnell? I think it's really sad that Mitch McConnell continues to support the president and everything. He does he's like a total apologised for the president, what I think, should happen. Is that every single member of congress should be asked would you take dirt? Would you meet with a foreign country to accept dirt on an opponent, every member of congress should be asked that? And I noticed that Mitch McConnell couldn't even asked her that I consider that pathetic. And I would say unpatriotic let's turn to other sensitive issue, you're on the armed services committees, the attacks on these oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman. The Trump administration says, Iran is behind these bombings. Have you been briefed on these attacks? No. And I think congress needs to be briefed because this administration. Fans of reputation for honesty is not exactly high, and so it wrong could very well be behind these attacks of, but we need to know for sure, and I'd like to hear from the intelligence community, and if we are creating a scenario where we could possibly go to war with another country for one thing, the president needs authorization from, from the congress, and he certainly not moving in that direction. And as our European allies have said, this is a time for maximum restraint because we hardly need to be bungling ourselves into yet, another Middle Eastern war. Senator Rona, thanks so much for joining us. Thank you more on the breaking news. The Justice probe has just released the very lengthy legal opinion, which supports the treasury secretaries refusal to hand over the congress. President Trump's tax returns. Remember to create an ad like this one, visit pure winning dot com slash CNN. Breaking news US official says he drone was fired on after spotting Iranian boats, closing in before the attacks on the tankers in the Gulf of Oman. The president says subsequent video purportedly showing rainy, ins removing a mind from one vessel proves that Iran did it. Let's go live to C. N N's, senior national correspondent, Fred pike. And he's joining us from Tehran right now. Fred how is terr- Ron responding, and they specifically addressed this new video released by the US military central command? I, we'll we've been looking for that throughout the day really on Iran state television, also from Orion officials as well that's specific. Video is not something that they've talked about at all. There are some Ronnie news agencies that sort of mentioned that this video existed. But there really hasn't any been any commentary as to what exactly is in that video ever. The Iranians are continuing to stick by their stories saying they were absolutely not behind the attacks on those tankers. In fact, they're saying they believe it's the US that's been fueling the tensions in the Gulf of Oman. So the Iranians absolutely, they're sticking by their story. One of the things that's been a big thing here in Iran. Yin media, especially on the farce news network, which is semi-official. They've been saying, look, even the company that runs the ship that was in question. That's allegedly in that video, the sailors from that ship are apparently saying that they don't believe that their ship was hit by a mind. They're saying they believe that it might have been some sort of projectiles that were fired at the ship. So that's certainly something that's. Getting a lot of airplay here in Iran. Meanwhile, the Iranian Foreign Minister again saying that the US is fanning the flames of what's going on in the Middle East Java, the reef came out, and he said that he believes it's the US that is trying to destabilize the region and prevent diplomacy from happening wolf. Fred, President Trump says his pressure campaign is working that Iran right now is in deep deep trouble. Does that appear to be the case you're there in Tehran? Right. No. Certainly doesn't. I mean, there's two things that President Trump has wanted to achieve on the one hand, you want the Iranians to go back in the Goshi eating table. On the other hand, he wanted things to calm down, especially in the area of the Persian Gulf. And of course, also the Gulf of Oman, as well right now, what you have is you have the standoff between the US and Iran, which apparently is still going on in, in the Gulf of Oman, which has been going on the tension, of course, has been the high in the entire Gulf region. And then if you look at some of the things that the Orion, the ins have been saying over the past, I would say, twenty four hours or so. And especially today at Friday, prayers, they were saying that they believe that Iran's supreme leader humiliated. President Trump by rebuffing an offer from President Trump, which was brought over here, a by the prime minister of Japan for new talks to happen. So right now, the Iranians not willing to talk. And of course, the situation here in the Persian Gulf heating up rather than cooling down. Absolutely right. Very, very tense. Fred plight in Tehran for us. Thank you. Coming up more on the breaking news, the Justice department backing refusal to release President Trump's tax returns. Congressional investigators calling the request unprecedented, plus the president tries to tamp down the furore caused Peiser remark that he would take dirt on his opponents from foreign adversaries. The right sheets. Can take your sleep and your style to the next level with bollandbranch? The upgrade has never been more affordable. Every set is crafted from one hundred percents organic cotton. They get softer and softer over time. That's why they have thousands of five star reviews and even three US presidents have Boll and branch sheets. Try them for thirty nights. And if you don't love them, send them back for a full refund. Go to bollandbranch dot com today for fifty dollars off your first set of sheets, plus free shipping with promo code CNN to spelled B O L L, andbranch dot com. That's bollandbranch dot com, promo code CNN, too. The Justice department is just weighed in congressional Don congressional Democrats. Request to see President Trump's tax returns over the past six years. Illegal opinion supports Treasury Secretary, Steven Mnuchin, refusal to hand over the tax returns and calls, the Democrats request unprecedented, and a quote, serious risk of abuse. Let's bring in our political or legal experts. We'll talk about this ongoing battle, Laura. Jared, you're over there at the Justice department you've gone through this thirty three page document from the office of legal counsel at the Justice department. What's your analysis? It's a pretty aggressive argument wolf. Basically, what the Justice department is saying here is look, we recognize that the top democrat on the House Ways. And means committee chairman Neil has brought thority to get the tax returns under this little known provision. It says shall furnish that means the Treasury Secretary shall turn them over. However, the Justice department concludes that because chairman Neil doesn't have a. Jim it legislative purpose here, therefore miniature doesn't have to turn them over, and they look at a litany of statements that chairman Neil and other Democrats have made and the Justice department concludes that really the true purpose was to make the tax returns public, and they don't see that as a legitimate lettuce legislative interests. Even though Neil, of course, has said that he's interested in looking at how audits are done on presidents, and he's looking into other legislative proposals. The Justice department doesn't buy any of that and says, therefore Mnuchin had a duty not to disclose the returns. Of course. The Justice department doesn't have the last word here. Of course wolf because chairman Neil has subpoenaed for the tax returns. And so this is likely a battle that is heading to court. But the fact that the Justice department has now awaited certainly trying to give Heff to that ministrations position. That's a good point person looks like the Democrats are going to challenge this, they're going to go to court, it could wind up, potentially when all of a sudden done before the state supreme court to make. Decision. This could take a long time to get there. I assume the president would rely on the conservative majority in the supreme court tobacco up and refused to release those tax. Yeah. There's no question, right? I mean he's been trying to play this out and try to run out the clock as long as he can. We should note. I mean, there's no law that says if you're running for president, you have to turn over your tax returns. It's just something that has been done. However his insistence not to show them into continually say that he is that he's being under audit lead. You to believe what is in these tax returns that he doesn't want us to see. We know he's worth a lot of money. We understand. They're really complicated. Right. But what is in them that he is? So insistent about it that in itself, I think, is as doubtful, even if the administration where it's a lose in court this process, April could drag on and on, and on, for many, many months. Yeah. Well, this is what the president, well, when he was a civilian, Donald Trump used to do he would go into court battles knowing that he would make the other person lose interest in it. He would wait it out for so long and play this this, this. Gotcha. Game going to court, but this is a different stage. This is the American public he's trying to play this out in the court of public opinion, but it could actually backfire on him because as he's going through, you know, week information information is leaked and would if there is information that he can't refute. So this is a dangerous game that he's playing but he's done this before. And if it does go to the supreme court he is hopeful that majority that conservative majority will actually look in his favor of you. And his pay in the question is what does the Justice department doing that? Also is this checks and balances. Or is this I'm in your court, the office of legal counsel, still mud at the Justice verb is supposed to be nonpartisan? Very, very legal used to work there. He worked at the FBI. What's your experience? Is it nonpartisan the office of legal counsel? No, but that's a different question from saying, whether they're excellent lawyers. They're, they're excellent lawyers. They're just as there aren't the supreme court. Would you ever sit back and look at conservative and liberal divides on the supreme court and say, there's no politics? There you can be a great lawyer in still be hired by the Republicans, or Democrats, and have a political view. One quick story when I was at the helping to run the counterterrorism program. We asked the office of legal counsel for an opinion, multiple opinions. Unattached Gatien techniques. They told us they were constitutional and legal under President Bush, like it or not, what did President Obama say he told us publicly that we tortured people. So if you wanna look at divides about how the office of legal counsel looks at issues, you can go back over time and you can't escape the fact that there are politics here, we'll or lower the president of today. Trying to walk back is truly stunning admission that he would accept dirt on a political opponent from a foreign government, including a hostel for government, like Russia or China. Listen to what he's now saying, listen to this. I don't think anybody would present me with anything bed because they know how much I love this country. Nobody's going to present me with anything number q if I was, and of course you have to look at it. Because if you don't look at it, you're not gonna know of its bad. How are you gonna know of it's banned, but of course you'd give it to the FBI or report it to the attorney general, or somebody like that. So he says, he of course you have to look at it. Otherwise, you won't know if the information is good. Or bad does not make any legal difference. No, not at all. There's no exception in the law and order to take a look or take a peek at something to decide whether or not you should turn it over to the FBI. The, the law is pretty clear here. I think despite some sort of back and forth that the president's had that his allies have had saying that there seems to be some murky ground here, and that they were sort of inexperienced previously on the campaign. The laws pretty clear. You cannot take a thing value from a foreign government. You just simply cannot do it. The interesting. Of course, is if you look at the special counsel's report in the molar investigation, it shows that at least in the case of some of the instances, at least with Don jR, there was a question about the intent to receive information. And at least in that case Muller concluded they couldn't conclude that Trump junior knew what he was doing was wrong. And so that's why I think you've seen sort of legislative proposals bubbling up this week with other congressmen, especially Mark Warner saying, we need to make the law, crystal clear about the president's clean up effort. Well, I want to piggyback off of something that largest said, after two plus years by now the president understands after the smaller investigation, he understands the stakes are very high. Okay. But when you when you deal with this issue, saying that he would take dirt from another country, our founding fathers put that into their pillars. Pillars of this nation took fort, the, the French. And the British from coming in infiltrating, into our government. Now, the house foreign affairs committee chaired by ranking member Greg Meeks. They're going to look into this next week. They're going to talk about what's going on. They're going to talk about a way forward with this. They wanna make decisions on this, because this those right back to the Muller investigation if the president meant it or not it does not bode well for him. This is a very serious. Serious situation. Everybody standby. There's more news. We're following President Trump today, compared to her to Jackie O tonight. CNN is taking a closer look at the first lady Melania Trump. From CNN films. Apollo eleven. Experience humanity's greatest feed, like you've never seen before their nail. With newly discovered incredible footage. Entertainment Weekly says it's so pristine and Chris Plante. Feels like it was shot yesterday. We have. Alone for one wild ride. Apollo eleven Sunday June twenty third at nine on CNN. A White House official tells CNN first lady Melania Trump would be supportive if her communications director, Stephanie Grisham wants to replace Sarah Sanders, the president announced yesterday centers, we'll be leaving her post as the White House press secretary the end of the month. This comes as our Cape Bennett is shining, a spotlight on the first lady later tonight, in a CNN special report woman of mystery Melania Trump. Here's a quick preview. Ladies and gentlemen. The first lady of the United States, MRs Malania trophy. She's the most unusual first lady in modern history. She very reclusive money. Trump is never beholden to the Washington ways of broadcasts everything you're thinking and doing. Persistent rumors that MRs Trump does not leave in his shoes. She's forging her own path. The president warned her that people are going to attack you about this flying under the radar still. No sighting of the elusive first lady setting her own trends. Everybody has a different taste. Jacket the jacket this jacket. I don't think she can shake it. Do you not to mention coping with the intense scrutiny of her marriage? I get the feeling that she cares less about what people think then penny for predecessors. Kay Bennett is joining us right now gate. I wanna talk about the new documentary and it just a moment. But first, I want to get to the shakeup inside the White House now that the press secretary, Sarah Sanders is stepping down white something bologna, Trump's communications director, Stephanie Grisham could be next in line for that job. And how does the first lady feel about that? Well couple of reasons. One is that Stephanie Grisham is an original on the Trump campaign. She started she and Dansk Gavino are the only ones left who've been there that long, she started as a press Wrangler for the president during the campaign when his administration started she worked in the west wing and the communications office, and then the first and he pulled her over to the east Bank. So she has relationships sort of an all factions of the White House, also, good relationships with the press, and she's demonstrated that she is a fiery defender, as we've seen with the first lady of this administration. She could be the sort of vocal. Mouthpiece of the president needs as he goes into the twenty twenty elections. Season. But certainly, I think the first lady, if her names being mentioned in, it is, I know this from reporting that means the first lady endorses that, because I know seventy Grisham likely would not be doing anything, leaving the first lady, you're considering it, if Melania Trump hadn't said it was okay the pros, and it also unveiled a new design for Air Force One, which has more or less look the same for decades in doing so he made a notable comparison between his wife and a former first lady Kate listen to this. I like the concept of red white and blue and the classic and I think it's gonna look much better. Actually, you know, the baby blue doesn't fit with us and people get used to something, but it was Jackie O and that's good. But we have our own Jackie O today's called Malania Malania, call Malania t. How do you think bologna t feels about the comparison to Jackie O? Listen, I think it's most first ladies would love to be compared to Jackie does I sense of style and her place in history. I don't think that Milania Trump likes any sort of comparison. She's very much her own person, and we've watched her be very different than most modern. First, ladies, I'm not sure how she would feel about the comparison. I think you know there were moments including the inauguration images of which we just showed where she were a very Jackie ask that baby blue outfit. So certainly we'll see. But I don't I think she's her own person. We'll check out more about her later tonight jealous a little bit more about your documentary woman of mystery that errors later tonight, nine pm eastern. What can we expect? We got very rare access into the east wing. No one's really been up there. Wolf since the Trump administration has begun we sit down with some of her staff, and we see what's happening behind the scenes and learn a little more about someone that most of the countries still has questions about mysterious Melania Trump. We're looking forward to seeing it later tonight. Kate bennett. Excellent, excellent reporting as usual. Thank you very much, once again, be sure to watch. Cates special report woman of mystery Melania Trump it airs later tonight. Nine pm eastern only here on CNN coming up. Surprising twists as investigators try to figure out why someone shot. Former Red Sox star. David ortiz. The NBA awards return to TNT now for the only fan voted award. The house of highlights moment of the year on NBA dot com slash awards. Go twenty nine hundred NBA awards, presented by Kia hosted by Shaquille O'Neal Monday, June twenty-fourth at nine on TNT. Tonight. We're learning. Surprising new details about the apparent plot that led to the shooting a former Boston. Red Sox star David Ortiz, he was shot Sunday while at a nightclub in the Dominican Republic or tease now is in guarded condition at a Boston hospital. C N N's. Brian Todd has the very latest worst. Brian, what are you learning wolf the new plot? Twists tonight are frankly stunning, we have learned that at least two of the suspects are wanted in the US for violent crimes layers of this plot are peeling away suspects are talking. And at least one of them, it appears is desperately trying to save his own skin. Shout from Dominican jail cell and another strange twist in the investigation into the shooting of David Ortiz. The alleged triggermen ralphie Ferrara crews yells to reporters were teas- was not his intended target that he was confused by Ortiz's close. It was confusing. I was told the color of the clothing nothing else. I didn't see him a prosecutor in the Dominican Republic disputes, that saying the gunman is clearly seen on surveillance footage going right up to Ortiz and shooting without hesitation, the prosecutor says the suspect already admitted under interrogation to being part of a conspiracy to kill Ortiz and that they believe he's making up a story to avoid being killed in jail for allegedly targeting such a beloved figure a former US marshal agrees. I think that's probably a little bit of self preservation, on his part. You know, Mr. teases pretty renowned figure the ten time all-star slugger for the Boston Red Sox known as big Papi was shot in the back Sunday as he sat in a nightclub in the Dominican Republic, a total of nine suspects have been taken into custody. And prosecutors tell CNN some have been cooperating tells me that there's a potential organization here. It is not just in case of mistaken identity. It's, it's probably an organization and there's some reason for why missle RT's was targeted. Tonight officials say Ferrera cruise the alleged gunman is wanted in New Jersey for two armed robberies in two thousand seventeen and authorities in reading Pennsylvania are investigating whether another suspect Luis Rivas cloth is the same man who is wanted by authorities in an attempted murder their last year. We feel that it is the same individual that's charged with crimes. Rivas closet is still on the run tonight. How could. Suspects in violent crimes in the US have made their way to the Dominican Republic. Former US marshal James shield says it's possible one or both of them might not have been entered into a national database of wanted criminals. But there are other possibilities as well. They could possess some form of, of false identification under another name. He could have traveled before the warrant was issued. He could've travelled before there was a green meant to put it into the system. Tonight. Police are still not talking publicly about what the motive could have been for the targeting of an athlete who analysts say was more popular than most presidents in the Dominican Republic make no mistake about it. David Ortiz is a large of I figure not just in Boston. But in Dominican Republic, it could be any kind of slight, it could be freezing out a former friend, this is an athlete with enormous amounts of money. I'm guessing it's probably a very personal deeply personal reason. If David Ortiz was targeted and tonight prosecutors in the Dominican Republic are telling CNN they believe some of the planning took place in prison. They say some of the people charged in this case we're already in prison for other crimes, and they believe they were involved from prison in setting up the hit on David Ortiz, tonight, Ortiz's and Gordon condition in a Boston hospital wolf soapy makes a full recovery. Brian type thank you very much coming up. The breaking news the Justice. Department of releases a legal opinion, which supports the treasury secretaries refusal to hand over President Trump's tax returns will, how Democrats Dow turn to the courts. The manhunt for the Golden State killer is over. And there's a suspect in custody. How did law enforcement finally ID him after searching for over forty years, who exactly is the suspect that Joseph James liangelo how did he fly under the radar for decades? And what are some of the victims and their families saying about the arrest? I'm Biagio Messina, and I'm joke Vinci, and those are some of the questions, we explore an all new episodes of unmasking killer. Subscribe now at apple podcasts or wherever you listen to podcasts.