17 Burst results for "General William. tecumseh Sherman"
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on History That Doesn't Suck
"The forty six year old bearded gent looks like exactly what he is. The youngest live in American history to date. But he feels out of place use isn't a politician. He's a soldier exchanging a blue uniform for a black suit doesn't change who he is and on some level he feels that. You arrives at the US Capitol during the eleven o'clock hour. I his square jawed and bearded vice president outgoing speaker of the House of Representatives Schuyler? Colfax is inaugurated in the Senate. Chambers. Gust rectangular room including its gallery seating is packed. From General William Tecumseh Sherman to Admiral David Farragut full uniform union war hero. Sit to the right of the presiding officer. Everyone is soon settled. Shortly after twelve noon Schuyler gives a Polish speech and takes his oath as vice president to uphold and defend the constitution. His polished manner is jarring for those recall, as you may well, from episode sixty six that the last person to make this sacred promise was Andrew Johnson. And he was drunk. To quote the New York Times. Not, a few here contrast this seeing what the remarkable episode of four years ago when a thousand years listened I with eagerness than with surprise and at last unutterable disgust when the representatives of the government moved nervously in their seats and whispered in alarm. What if man should be president? Of, Course Lincoln's assassination made that very thing happened. By the way if you're wondering Andy isn't here between impeachment and not getting the Democratic nomination for re-election he's not interested in witnessing his successor's inauguration. Just like two other previous presidents founding father. John. Adams. And his boy John Quincy. and. He's actually leading DC right now homebound for Tennessee. Return, in eighteen seventy, five as a senator but only briefly dying only months after taking office. Who that aside turns sombre sorry. Back to the inauguration. With Schuyler sworn in the event moves outside the capital's east front. Hats wave and choosing from the tens of thousands of spectators. The people quiet down as balling US Supreme Court Justice Salmon P, chase administers the oath of office to use this. As at Lincoln's second inauguration, the heavens seem to cooperate. Some light pierces through the clouds just in time for the softspoken. Cigar. LOVING PRESIDENT TO SPEAK You polls is carefully prepared remarks from his breast pocket and begins. The responsibilities of the position. I feel. But them without fear the office has come to me on sought. I commence its duties on trampled. I bring to it a conscious desire and determination to fill it to the best of my ability to the satisfaction of the. People. In, other words, this isn't bought and paid for. Perhaps as a nod to lingering frustrations from his predecessor, he assures the people that he'll let Congress make the laws while he enforces them all laws will be faithfully executed whether they meet my approval or not. Yeah doesn't sound like a politician. Sounds like a military officer who knows his role? The. Blue Eyed is particularly concerned about the national debt. He wants it paid. Now To protect the nation's honor, every dollar of government indebtedness should be paid in gold. He knows that southern states are in great financial straights as they deal with the cost of war and shift away from a slave based economy but sees a new opportunity for the nation to expand its wealth. It looks as though Providence has bestowed upon us a strong box in the precious metals locked up sterile mountains of the far west. Yes, and the United States is only months away from having a transcontinental railroad that runs track all the way out to California. Those precious metals are looking very accessible. But. Ulysses hardest words come last. And you need to know that the main issue of the presidential election was reconstruction. Campaign for it, his opponent against it. You list now wraps up his inaugural address by making it clear that he's standing by that position. Speaking of native peoples says. The proper treatment of the original occupants of this land, the Indians one deserving of careful study. I will favor any course toward them, which tends to their civilization and ultimate citizenship. Future generations will see the problem with the idea of quote unquote civilizing native peoples but a president talking about indigenous citizenship is serious significant progress. As for the question of the black vote. Well, that's a simple one for you lis-. It's yes. He tells his white and black audience. The question of suffrage is one which is likely to agitate the public. So long as a portion of the citizens of the nation are excluded from his privileges in any state. It seems to be very desirable that this question should be settled now and I entertain the hope and expressed the desire that it may be by the ratification of the fifteenth article.
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on The Dollop with Dave Anthony and Gareth Reynolds
"That should be the title of this. She gets caught eventually an bill her brother-in-law kicks out of the House I assume that they lose all the furniture. Well. Yeah. The people are probably coming to get it right? We had a good run. We're eating off the table right now. All right. You've got your money fair and square. You know the deal betty. So when she's twenty five, betty poses a wealthy socialite and she meets a doctor Wallace springsteen and he is just super indoor. He's just Mitt who wouldn't be this this? Smithsonian. Description quote. Betty was rather plain with a tight unsmiling mouth and a nest of dull brown hair with is. That at a singular intensity and the gentle list of her voice seemed to impart a quiet truths to her every word. Be Still. Look at how small her little lifts. Boy She's got a list that goes for days his. So they get married on December third eighteen eighty three a few days later, merchants showing up at their home demanding. Their money back. So. This is a shocking to the doctor and he hires a P. A. Being. Better. Notebook. Can I get a smoothie? Absolutely? Yes. Does anyone think of crafty your? Banking stuff. The Pi digs up her her history of fraud and Canada and twelve days into the marriage. The doctor filed for divorce when he finds out, Betty has used his property as collateral for a large bank loans. Yeah that's that's tough I mean it's tough to find out someone's cheating on you. It's maybe tougher to find out that they're just mortgaging in your life behind your back betty. This gentleman from the says that you've sold everything that I own. So she. S She. Must have been legal because because he loses the house. Why don't? Yeah Yeah. Divorces granted on the grounds of infidelity. So For the next few years, betty travels around the east. She's using different identities and she's conning merchants to get by in Buffalo. She pretended to be an absent millionaire's wife in Erie. She convinced a bunch of guests at a hotel that she was civil war General William tecumseh Sherman's niece. I feel like she could convince them that she was hint. She said she was trying to get home to Cleveland and she got all the guests to feel really bad for her quote through a trick of extracting blood from her gums and lead persons to believe she was suffering from a hemorrhage. What's so she's just gum cutting. She's like she's like a pro wrestling socialite. Also just the fact that you're talking to someone else in blood's just coming out of their mouth in your. Sorry, I'm hemorrhaging does anyone have BUS FARE FOR CLEVELAND? WHO COULD GET ME.
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on History That Doesn't Suck
"Moderate and radical Republicans have reason to be hopeful. As Andrew Johnson inherits the executive branch in April eighteen, sixty five. Foreign in poverty and poorly educated. Andy's a working man whose clawed his way up in the world through the tailoring business. Then became a successful democratic politician in Tennessee. In other words, he's just what we would expect from the soul southern senator to stay in US Congress despite his states seceding. Andy's a southerner who has no love for the southern aristocracy that led the confederacy. His early actions president confirmed this two. Out of consideration for the suddenly widowed First Lady Mary Todd. Lincoln he defers on moving into the White House. Meanwhile he asks Lincoln's whole cabinet. Stay on. And he also doesn't mince words on how he feels about those who turned from the Stars and Stripes for the stars and bars. Traders must be impoverished. The must not only be punished, but their social power must be destroyed Andy. Proclaims. He puts a one hundred, thousand dollar bounty out for the capture Jefferson Davis. Dam had to that. He proves himself something of a diplomat as he handles a SPAT BETWEEN WAR Secretary Edwin Stanton and General William tecumseh Sherman? Okay. Andy's really taken the ball and running with it. Even radical Senator Charles Summers feeling good about the new president. His feelings won't last long though. A May twenty ninth Andy Issues too important proclamations. I, we have the amnesty proclamation. In it the Tennessee. Taylor gives blanket amnesty. That is a restoration of civil political voting rights to nearly all ex confederates that take a loyalty oath. Their fourteen exclusions to this these include confederates who quit Congress to join the rebellion hold degrees from elite military schools held high ranks in the army or navy or have slash had a network of Twenty K. or more. Even then they could still get a pardon if they'll petition andy personally. And they do. Among the I bag Andy's forgiveness is none other than George E Pickett of the battle of Gettysburg, Gettysburg's Pickett's charge fame. Within the next eighteen months and he will pardon restore voting rights to some fifteen thousand former rebels who followed in his fourteen exceptions. Meanwhile Andy Second. Proclamation also has far reaching implications for reconstruction. Citing the US Constitution Article Four section for guarantee that every state in this union shall have quote a Republican form of government close quote. The president establishes a Provisional Governor for Carolina and requires him to convene delegates to prepare a state constitution. Only those who took the loyalty oath and were previously eligible to vote will elect delegates. In other words, blackmail southerners will not get to vote for delegates. And he quickly issues similar proclamations regarding the other seceded states. Guess what? None of these state conventions franchise black men. and. When we combine this factor with the first proclamation, well, you can see how these rapidly forming state governments are filling seats with ex-rebels. Again, just think of this episode's opening scene in New Orleans. Okay that leaves a bit to unpack. I. What happened? He's hardball. Talk about punishing. Rebels. Andy does hate the aristocracy who led the rebellion but not the poor common man. So Sure Arrest Jeff Davis But the average confederate soldier. Not so much. His heart is with his place of origin. Poor White Southerners. Second don't confuse Andy's loyalty to the US with a belief that all people should have civil rights regardless of color. Nor should we forget that being free and having full legal rights aren't the same thing? So even though the president's one big requirement for former confederate states, regarding their standing in the Union is to ratify the thirteenth amendment. Okay. That may be repudiated war debts. He also sees no problem leaving black men without the vote. White men alone must govern the south. and. He tells one. Democratic senator. Furthermore. While Andy's racism exceeds that of many of his contemporaries, he isn't as out of step with the Times as we might wish. Let's not make the mistake of thinking most black men in the north enjoy the vote. Is Eighteen sixty five years on andy takes further steps to ensure his presidential reconstruction prevents any revolutionary changes. That summer Andy Councils out generals, Oliver Howard, and William. T. Sherman's redistribution of confederate farmland former slaves. Forty acres and a mule was the promise made to these black farmers Instead, the president restores these lands to its ex-rebel owners. and has the new southern state governments filled with former confederates. Their legislatures begin producing laws that impose restrictions only on black residents. For instance, some states proceed to define unemployed black Americans as quote, unquote vagrants. These governments also gave themselves the right. Then auction off the Labor contract said unemployed black people to a planter. I trust. We can all see how this is pretty much slavery with a different name. Right. Around by the way, x ribs aren't just winning municipal and state offices. Thanks to the general amnesty and individual pardons behold over sixty seats in Congress. But it convenes in December eighteen, sixty, five, the thirty ninth US Congress contains former confederate congressman state officials, colonels, generals, members of Jefferson Davis's cabinet, and even former. Vice President Alexander H Stevens. I don't have a quote for you but I assume that few radical Republican senators maybe thaddeus Stevens or Charles Sumner got DC took a look around and said something like. I thought we won the war what the actual. Looks like Andy's plan isn't reconstructing. As historian and Net Gordon Regal later put it. This is restoring. So as we enter eighteen, sixty, six congress is really a bit miffed. Or the legislatures been in recess he's been stopping on congressional restriction plans and refusing to give them a say by calling a special session. Now. They come back to find some sixty odd new colleagues who were literally considered to be in a state of rebellion against the United, states as recently as earlier this same year. Congress. Flat Out Refuses these Southern Gentlemen there congressional seats. It sets up a joint committee on reconstruction to investigate and figure out what's going on in the south and whether or not these newly elected members of Congress should in fact be seated. Beyond the question of what is morally right many in Congress listen to this and believe they have a legal right to act. And there is succession put the states back at territory status in the US under the purview of Congress. Andy however refutes this. He believes that secession is illegal and therefore the states cannot never did in fact, succeed hence the need to restore them rapidly and for reconstruction the fall under his executive authority. Meanwhile President Andrew Johnson's relationship with Congress continues to unravel as vetoes to of Senator Lyman troubles early eighteen sixty six bills. One will extend the life of the soon to expire Friedman's bureau and expand its ability, to protect black Americans. The other is the civil rights bill. With the noted exception of indigenous peoples a story for another day I promise it pushes back against the black codes to expand the definition of national citizens to include all of any race born in the United States. In doing so it gives federal courts the ability to enforce.
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on History That Doesn't Suck
"You heard about the meeting at Wilmer McLean's house between the commander of federal forces and the commander of all the confederate armies in this episode's opening. Let me jump down to the specifics of the agreement that these two military masterminds reached? I officers and enlisted men will be paroled and sent home. No one's going to jail. No one's facing a treason trial. Second any confederate soldier who owns his horse or mule can take it home with him. Third. All confederate army munitions and guns will be handed over but inning soldier who claims to own his gun can take it home with him and General Robert e Lee will keep his sword. Seems that you following Lincoln's second inaugural address. With malice toward none. He's terms of surrender are very generous. Unconditional surrender grant doesn't even include the words unconditional surrender. while. Ulysses. decamp Ellie Parker makes copies of the agreement Bobby Lee has to humble himself once more. He tells ulysses that his men are starving and had been living off parched corn for days. He badly needs quote both rations and forage close quote. In line with the generous nature of his surrender terms ulysses doesn't withhold food from the now parole rebel soldiers. You promises to deliver three days worth of rations for Bobby lease twenty five men. When you list asks if this will be enough, Bobby Lee replies. I think it will be ample and it will be a great relief. I assure you. As the meeting breaks up y'all Virginia. General keeps his face inscrutable. Bobby Lee has kept himself aloof and as he rides away from the House, the Union officers were staff members watching go without knowing his true feelings. You lists on the other hand looks disheartened. At a moment when many of his men are celebrating and clapping each other's backs in congratulations for a job completed the blue eyed general stays quiet and pensive. Ulysses proves the truth of the hero, the Napoleonic Wars Duke of Wellington's adage quote next to a battle loss. There's no spectacle more melancholy than a battle one. Close quote. When Lincoln by now back in Washington DC, here's the news of Bobby Lee surrender he does not hide his feelings like the southern commander nor does he feel a similar sadness to ulysses? No after leading a nation at war with itself for four years President Lincoln unleashes all of his joy at the conflicts close. Or Secretary Edwin Stanton burst into Lincoln's office and delivers the news. General Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia this afternoon. Lincoln unabashedly hugs Edwin. Back it up matic's Bobby Lee returns to his man. He has to tell them that their fight is over. He has surrendered and now in front of these men that he's led for years, the Virginian lets down his guard. Soldiers lined. The road is Bobby Lee rides by and he says to them. Men. We have fought through this war together. I have done the best that I could for you. At this bobbies, voice breaks and the tears start flowing. One soldier. Let's the news of surrender seen. Gin then calls out I love you just as well as ever generally. In the federal camps, soldiers go crazy when they hear the news of Bobby Lee's surrender. No more marching, fighting, camping poor marching. They're going home the blue clad men start firing cannons and Raucous celebrations. But. Their commander you lis- keeps his eye on the solemnity of the occasion. He tells us to keep it together. The war is over the rebels are countrymen again, and the best sign of rejoicing the victory will be to abstain from all demonstrations. To their credit most soldiers follow this order. And three days. Later, they show a hell of a lot of respect for the capitulating confederates. On April Twelfth Army of the Potomac colds, a formal surrender ceremony for the army of Northern Virginia. You. List. Doesn't attend you signs Major General Joshua Chamberlain the hero of little round top at the battle of Gettysburg to receive the surrender. As confederate soldiers stack their guns in hand over their battle flags many of them are tears. Joshua orders his men to treat their countrymen and former foes with respect. Josh describes the scene when confederate General John Gordon, who took over stonewall Jackson's command in his core approach. Quote. Instructions had been given and when the head of each division column comes opposite our group, our bugle sounds the signal and instantly our whole line from right to left regiment by regiment in succession gives the soldier salutation. From the order arms to the old. The marching salute. Borden at the head of the column riding with heavy spirit and downcast face catches the sound of shifting arms looks up and takes the meaning. We'll superbly with profound salutation as he drops the point of his sword to the Bhutto. Then facing to his own command gives word for his excessive brigades to pass us with the same position of the manual. Honor answering honor. Close. Quote. Imagine this. Hundreds of union soldiers stand at attention with their rifles standing at their sides. At the bugles call they all bring their guns up holding the button there. Right hand as the barrel rests against the right shoulder's. Confederate troops return the salute they march up to the collection piles in hand over their weapons to the Yankees. This display of mutual respect between these armies goes a long way toward healing the wounds of the war. A few days later on April eighteenth confederate, General Joe Johnston negotiate the surrender of his once formidable army of Tennessee to union. General William. tecumseh Sherman. The armies of the confederacy are now disbanded, and despite a few minor skirmishes, the civil war is effectively over. But the rising hope of unity reconciliation and a smooth transition to reunion sparked by the generous terms at half matic's in the respectful surrender ceremony a few days later won't last. Maybe that's why we like to remember these events. Speak to what so many wanted and what might have been However before we follow the United States into its post-war phase, let's take a bird's eye view of the conflict answer few lingering questions and talk about some of the fallout from America's civil war. The start with the most tangible aspect of the war, the death toll. I've said it before, but it's worth repeating casualty numbers in the civil war are hard to pin down. You've probably heard estimates ranging from six hundred, twenty, thousand total deaths up to eight, hundred, fifty thousand. That's a huge difference. Let me give as many accurate numbers as I can. Going into the war, the confederacy had a smaller population than the union. Nine million three point five of which were enslaved compared to twenty, two, million, white, and black. The seceded south field over one million man while the Yankees put over two million soldiers in the battle. Of those over three million men and covertly some women at least six, hundred, twenty, thousand died. That's according to James? McPherson. The God of civil war historians. He says three hundred, sixty thousand federals at least two, hundred, sixty, thousand confederates died. Historian Ron Chernow's writing a little more recently puts that figure at seven, hundred, fifty, thousand. If we use McPherson six hundred, twenty thousand. That means at least two point five percent of the entire American population died in the conflict. Let's zoom in a bit. The south smaller population into smaller death toll but not in percentages. Historians estimate that nearly twenty percent of the white male population in the south died during the war. One fifth. That's approaching the death rate. France will suffer during World War One. Will later call those poor souls the lost generation. If these numbers, still don't account for.
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on Thedowhatyoulovepodcast
"I'm your host Amanda. He'll today I'd like to talk to you about courage what it is and hey, get it. So, firstly, what east courage! I think college is a subjective thing. It's different for different people. What some people think of as courageous other people think of as perfectly normal. I, throughout my life as a blind person, people have often told me that I'm courageous and I think to myself well. No I'm just living my life, but to them. They feel that. What I am doing is courageous. Courage has been described as many things by different people. Plato describes courage is a kind of salvation. US General William tecumseh Sherman describes courage as I perfect sensibility of the measure of danger and the mental willingness to endure it. Mark Twain describes courage. Resistance of fear Mostra fear. Not Absence of fear. I definitely agree with the second definition of courage. With someone is in danger, but I agree with the third definition of courage when someone is not in actual mortal danger, but facing something they're afraid of. So? How do you get courage? Will. Nick Voyage in his podcast on the subject of courage says that you need conviction. If known voyage I highly recommend you. Look him up on Youtube. He is he's amazing. He was born with arms and no legs, and he just has one little foot, which he calls his drumstick, which he can do, all sorts of things with which is quite amazing. and. When he was young. I'm not quite sure how old maybe eleven. He told his brother one night that he was going to commit suicide when he was twenty one. Because he felt that as a person with no arms and legs, he wouldn't be able to marry. He wouldn't be able to have children. He wouldn't be able to provide for a family, so he figured he might as well just die his brother of course win off and told his father who came in and told Nick that he loved him that he was loved by all his family and that. They would work things out. Everything would be okay. So, after that happened, Nick went on. He didn't commit suicide at twenty one. He went on. He got married. He had. Four children and he now travels the world as a speaker. And he was able to do that because of the conviction of the love of his family. He knew his family couldn't fix his issues. I couldn't give him arms and legs. But they. He knew that they loved him and that was what kept him going. Personally I think courage requires purpose. Very similar in the way that I described how hype requires purpose. It's that thing that keeps you going. Is that thing that gets you up in the morning? Is that thing that makes you try again when you feel like quitting? The thing that gives me courage. Is My life purpose, which is to inspire and encourage others. Just in case you haven't had the bus story. I caught buses to school and university, and then I was fortunate enough to. Have someone transport me to work for my seventeen year work life. So, and then I was made redundant with from high for fees so basically. I didn't catch a bus for. Around, twenty years. And then when it came time for me to catch buses again, I was absolutely petrified. But I? I would lend to catch buses again because I was offered a job as a public relations speaker for the Guide Dogs Association. And one of the conditions of that Joe was that I use public transport as much as possible. So I could talk authentically about independence being guide dogs speaker it in with my life purpose, inspiring and encouraging others, an also fitted in with my. Desire to live out that purpose as a speaker. Soy. That's what gave me the courage to take. Those listens and learn how to catch passes again. I also get my from my life. My faith in God in his love, and in his protection and guidance. So then to get courage you either need conviction, or you need a purpose. Also similar to hype courage required goals. Psychologist Rick Snyder in writing about hype. Sage that. People have goals have more hype because they have something to work towards, and if they are able to break those goals down into smaller bite sized paces, then achieving each one of those bought size paces increases. Belief and increases their ability to. Try something big were harder, a bigger goal and I think courage is very similar. As we chief little things. It then gives us the courage to go. You know what I'm GonNa. Step up and do the next thing. Going back to the bus story. I had to start with getting on and off the bus. And finding a seat. Well I wasn't terrified of doing that I was anxious because I thought perhaps I was taking too long to find a state. And, it was only talking to the bus driver that got me to understand that. No, it's their job to white for me to get a seat. Obviously do just quickly as I can safely, but. I don't have to worry that they going to take off before I'm sitting down. So at achieve that goal I could get on the bus and find a state, and that was okay, and then I went on a bus journey with an instructor sitting beside me. That wasn't too bad either. Then it came to going by myself. The instructor was on the bus, but she was up. The back says she wasn't giving me any. That was a bit scary. But I managed it, and then after a couple of hours then. I had to do a bus Jenny Obama. Self and made the instructor that was scary. But I was able to achieve that because of what achieved previously. Being able to break down that goal of independent bus travel down into little bite sized paces, built my belief in my ability and built my confidence and while. I was still anxious. I was able to get through H.. One of those steps and now travel over camera by us. The said thing. I think you need to. Build courage and also to maintain. It is practice. I haven't quoted bus since the twenty eighth of February this year. One because when I say, he's for holiday, which was cut very short and secondly because of nineteen. I haven't been going anyway. But I am due to do a face to face talk tomorrow, interestingly training bus drivers. So to do that, I have to catch a bus from one end of cameras to the other. I haven't done that for a while and so I know that. I'm going to feel a little bit more anxious than I otherwise would. But also that I have done it before. and. Everything will be okay. So. In order to keep being able to travel independently by bus I need to keep practicing. Because if I don't practice is anxiety levels go up. So, what do you need courage for today? How can you break that thing down into.
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on History That Doesn't Suck
"It's November, eighteen, sixty four and things aren't looking good for the confederacy. Abraham Lincoln is winning reelection. Ulysses s grant's campaign slash siege in Virginia, which we guide taste of today's opening continues and Union General William Tecumseh Sherman is just beginning a famous or infamous depending on your view March through Georgia. No question. Then the CSI needs serious win. But since the damage General John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee is doing to rail union supply lines can't lure comp out of Georgia the confederate commanders come up with a Hail Mary play. Here's the plan one legged John Hood and his massive gloriously flowing beard will take his forty thousand man army, which is currently in Florence Alabama and headed Tennessee. They're the aggressive commander intends to fight his way through the state sixty thousand federals. Now. That sounds nuts in frankly likely is but there is some logic here. The boys in blue are divided into two fairly equal sized armies in two different middle Tennessee town's one is Nashville. The other is Pulaski and yes, it is named after the Polish revolutionary war hero we met in episode eleven Kashmir Polaski. Nashville is roughly seventy five miles north of Polaski. If John Hood can somehow keep these forces from uniting that, he'll have the numbers on his side in each engagement he can beat them then push north into neighboring. Kentucky. Once there he believes he can find another twenty thousand recruits. Then take his enlarged victorious Army East to help Robert Lee defeat US grant. It's a bowl play but to continue with sports analogies, they do say the best defense is a good offense sprite. Let's see how this campaign turns out. Joined by the Feared Cavalry Commander Nathan Bedford Forrest General John Hood and his army of Tennessee depart north from Florence Alabama on November twenty. First. The march furiously John Wants to get between the two union forces to make sure he can take them on one at a time. But Tennessee's federal general see this both by the way are men we've met previously up in Nashville we have the southerner whose family disowned him for his union loyalty General George Thomas He commands the army of the Cumberland. You might also recall his awesome nickname, the rock of chicken Maga, which he picked up back in episode sixty two. Dan Polaski we have General John. Scofield. He commands the Army of the Ohio in answers to George. Thomas both men led armies during episode sixty, five Atlanta camping. Both men are savvy enough to surmise that their confederate opponents will try to divide and conquer them and acting with such foresight John. Scofield moves his force forty miles north to the duck river near Columbia. It's a full on a race between the two opposing armies the boys in blue. March. Day and night. To their breakneck pace, be managed to reach the small town that was once home to James K Polk I the whole. Alas. Without time to visit his house turned museum. I'm kidding, of course, it is a museum yet. John Scofield's federal's take defensive position on the northern side of the duck river, which means the confederates still haven't managed to get between the Union army's. From November twenty fourth to twenty seventh there are small skirmishes but things heat up on the twenty ninth. In stonewall Jackson style John Hudson's Cavalry Commander Nathan Bedford Forrest on an eastern flank movement, a strike union troops farther up the turnpike that leads north to Franklin. If they can take this small village or more importantly the road they will effectively prevent these union forces from falling back farther north in reconnecting with George Thomas Zeman. The fight rages through the afternoon. Some. Federal. Lose Hope. At one point an officer sees one soldier retreating in a full sprint. Stop my man what are you running for? He yells out because I have no wings to fly with the still running soldier haulers right back. Thankfully for such terrified federal troops, John Scofield becomes aware of the flanking movement and since two divisions to help them hold the all important road. Doesn't sure an easy win though the battle springhill rages on as the autumn daylight gives way to the dark of night. John Hood has full confidence of a morning victory as he retires to his headquarters. But John Scofield has some tricks of his own. He takes his entire army marches north that very night. Moving along the turnpike the pass within sight of confederate camps. A few confederates notice them and make reports. But nothing is done. The whole. Union army passes them by as campfires crackle. When daybreak the next morning November thirtieth John Hood learns of what happened. Why slapped the flanking at Spring Hill was completely for not the union armies are only that much closer to uniting. Enraged at frustrated the one legged confederate general immediately his forces after John Scofield's. It's now early afternoon John Hood's men have spent the whole morning marching only to find their northern Fo- dug in Franklin twenty thousand Yankees wrap around the town's Western and southern sides below the harbour th-. River. They're all tucked in their earthworks, their artillery's prepped and ready to go. Considering. The Blue Coats high tailed it out of Columbia Spring. Hill just last night they couldn't be in a better defensive position. Generals Nathan Bedford Forrest and Benjamin Cheetham both tell John Hood in attack here is folly. But always he determined he sure that half his problem in this campaign has been the weakness of his men. They're soft. They need to toughen up and be real man and with that line of thinking John Hood insists that his army will attack. The men prepare for Battle Irish immigrant turn confederate General Patrick Clever whose fierce fighting we heard about an episode, sixty two reports these ready to the confederate commander. General I am ready and I have more hope in the final successive are caused than I have had at any time since the first gun was fired. God granted. John Hood Answers. With precious little daylight remaining the Graham butternut troops form lines around fourteen. The military band strikes up and they advance. Rifles cracked the fighting gets hot. The federals fall back they dash the half a mile to the next union line as the confederates yell shots and fire. Patrick. Cleverness Division is among those in the heat of his fight. He. Knows that if they don't break the Union line now thought a hell the time during the later. As he leads his men forward, his horses shot from underneath them. No. He another. Two is soon shot. Patrick now, advances on foot in the front sword held high encouraging his men and then. A bullet rips through the irish-born confederate generals chest. He falls dead than there..
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on History That Doesn't Suck
"Missouri might not be home to Gettysburg Vicksburg Fredericksburg okay. Any of the famously bloodied Burg's but don't be fooled the show me state isn't a bastion of tranquillity. In the absence of epic battles between Mighty Armies Zuri of eighteen, sixty four is experiencing gruesome guerrilla warfare. Let me give you a little context. Missouri has been at the center of the fight over slavery since its birth as a state, you may recall from episode twenty seven that went into play for statehood. There was a big row over whether it should be free or slave. It ended with a compromise that brought Missouri into the Union as a slave state and set the free slave boundary of future Louisiana purchase territory at parallel thirty, six thirty. This held until Missouri's next door neighbor Kansas apply for statehood in eighteen, fifty four. The old compromise died as did a number of people amid pro versus anti slavery. Violence. On the one side Surrey's border ruffians used voter fraud and bullets to try to make slavery viable in their neighboring state. Kansas abolitionists responded in kind forming their own vigilante groups that came to be known as Jay. Hawkers. Things got so bad. is both sides robbed and murdered each other the term bleeding Kansas came into use as I told you about back in episode forty one. Yet the vigilantism only heated up when war broke out. Given. Their anti slavery sentiment mini Jay Hawkers Aligned with the union and became federal units. Meanwhile. Many Ruffians became bushwacker. Think banned its use guerrilla tactics to ambush union troops. They are officially in the confederate army, but they fight for the PSA when it fits their purposes. But whether Jay Hawkers Bushwacker Don blue or gray make no mistake these men who've cut their teeth in this conflict by murdering robbing and plundering their foe aren't letting go of their wild west habits or grudges. Frankly for some of these men, the wars just licensed to indulge their thirst for such unsavory acts. As historian James McPherson puts it quote. The guerrilla fighting in Missouri produced a form of terrorism that exceeded anything else in the war. Close quote. There are numerous examples of such brutality among Missouri's more than one thousand civil war battles and skirmishes but perhaps, the most famous or infamous rather happens in September eighteen, sixty four under the leadership of the. bushwacker. Called William Bloody. Bill Anderson. William is not a man you want cross. If there was any doubt about that. He settled the question last year during a particularly rage raid on the abolitionists stronghold of Lawrence Kansas. See you need commander. Thomas Ewing had previously arrested a number of bushwacker wives and sisters for providing support Intel but the jail holding them in Kansas City Missouri inexplicably collapsed. Some. died in this tragic accident including one of William's three detained teenage sisters and these deaths inspired the bush-whackers hit lawrence with an unparalleled fury. Kill every male and burn every house, their leader William Clarke quantrill instructed and on August twenty first eighteen, sixty, three, they did their best to live up to that. Is Four hundred fifty raiders raised one hundred, eighty five buildings and killed the hundred, eighty, two males, men and boys alike. As they butchered citizens and plundered William Anderson made a name for himself. Literally, that's where he picked up the moniker bloody bill. It's now September twenty, seventh eighteen, sixty, four in a bearded long-haired William. Bloody Bill Anderson is in a foul mood. Not only has his sizeable posse suffered some setbacks in recent days. Six of his men were killed and scalped by federal troops likely Jayhawker. But he's tired of waiting on confederate general sterling price. He decides to move on the small rail station town a Centralia. It won't necessarily help the confederate cause, but he might get news of the general and he wouldn't mind plundering the hundred or so people who live there. They arrive in Centralia at ten am the homes and stores provide little value. The one box car on the railroad proves nice find it contains boots half of these bush-whackers wear stolen union blue coats already so they'll happily wear union boots as well. Better, still whiskey. Barrel of it. Buddy bill and his men drink deeply. Some of the inebriated bush-whackers hold up a carriage with guns drawn they loudly demand. Out with your pocketbooks, we are southern men and confederate sympathizers you ought not rob us. The Soon Wallace passengers protests why do we care hells full of all such southern men? why Ain't you in the army or out fame? Yeah. Don't mistake bloody bills policy for ideologues. If anything they're, opportunists. Speaking of opportunity. Comes a train. It's about twelve noon when the conductor sees, the bush-whackers ahead is probably eighty or so at the train station, some are stacking railroad ties on the track to force to stop train others are riding around the slow train in their stolen blue coats, shouting firing off their handguns and otherwise instilling fear in the trains horrified one, hundred, twenty, five passengers. They're aggressive. War cries blend with the terrified screams and sobs of women children looking at the gun toting bandits through the train cars windows. bush-whackers board the train. They grow from car to car taking jewelry watches, pocketbooks for anything evaluate. If, fire their guns into the ceilings yell and swear the passengers while the Scared Children's Saab. Bloody Bill opens the safe in relieves it of the three thousand dollars inside while the future famous outlaw brothers frank and Jesse James are among those who find a suitcase filled with cash good God here's thousands of greenbacks frank exclaims? Right, it's about ten thousand bucks. Are they're soldiers on the train? One of bush-whackers calls out. The passengers admit yes, there are but they're all unarmed. And that's true. The twenty-three soldiers on the train had been discharged or they're on leave from General William Tecumseh Sherman's Army, which is currently fighting in Georgia. These men are simply headed home. The bush-whackers charge the union soldiers coach surrender surrender surrender quietly, and you shall be treated as prisoners of war one of the bandits haulers. We can only surrender as we are totally unarmed a soldier replies. Bloody bill presses all the passengers onto the train platform force in soldiers to exit onto the. Flat Open Plain. bushwacker surround the Union. Take off your uniforms strip. Obeying the order, the soldiers begin removing their blue uniforms and their boots. One soldier Bill Barnum requires help. It's not easy being stripped of your clothes while on crutches. And other unfortunate is a to integrate. Poor English and had the great misfortune of wearing a blue shirt that passes for union blue. As this plays out bushwacker take another pass at robbing the passengers shooting one well dressed man. Amid the screams cries of his mother and all the children in the crowd. His dead body drops on the tracks..
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on Black History in Two Minutes
"The months following the Civil War and the start of reconstruction offered African Americans in the South Hope for equality. It also offered the possibility of owning land off within months African Americans would be betrayed by a harsh reality. You probably heard the phrase Forty Acres and a Mule. Here's what happened. In January 1865 a meeting in Savannah Georgia between union military leader General William Tecumseh Sherman and a group of 20 black ministers resulted in a plan to redistribute confiscated and abandoned Confederate land from South Carolina to Florida. They called the land Sherman's reserved only freed slaves would be allocated Forty Acres of land along with a mule the phrase which became well known even then spread quickly the plan had the potential to revolutionize race relations in the South and the economic future of the African American Community the significance about formerly enslaved being given the land that they had all she worked was that they would be able to generate wealth as well as create wealth generationally by the summer of 1865 thousands of black families dead. Had settled on portions of the Sherman reserve and were excited to plot their Futures, but later that year as part of his reconstruction plan actually intended to home, please the former Confederacy President Andrew Johnson abruptly cancelled the order giving the land back to its previous owners. The United States had the opportunity to make it possible for the formerly enslaved people to be economically independent and the country failed to do it off that initial meeting more than a hundred years ago between General Sherman and Savannah's leading black ministers was historic at least for a brief moment in history the opinion of black leaders back directly to a radical public policy initiative remarkably over a century and a half later on June 19th, 2019. The House of Representatives held a hearing on HR forty a bill named in honor of the famous phrase Forty Acres and a Mule the bill would establish the commission to study the concept of reparations for slavery and Jim Crow segregation, including the merits of a formal apology by the United States government..
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on History That Doesn't Suck
"It's summer eighteen, sixty four. Newly appointed commander of the US military division of the Mississippi General, William Tecumseh, Sherman or comp as he's better known as friends is advancing with three armies towards Atlanta. But the sharp Jhad Trim bearded ohioan isn't just thinking about the fight ahead here in the peach, state. He's thinking of his six kids. The young folks as he calls them including his recently deceased favorite child Willie. Like many of come soldiers, his terrific faced venture som nine year old fell victim to fever and dysentery. And yet the far from religious general and his devout Catholic wife. Ellen. Will soon welcome another child into their lives. There's no replacing willy. But this father of four girls hopes for a boy that may prove some kind of bomb to the Willie. Shaped hole in his in his wife's hearts. All he knows of the child is through the oft delayed letters telegrams that are a part of nineteenth century life. Headquarters military, division of Mississippi in the field. Big Shanty Georgia June. Twelfth Eighteen, sixty four. Dearest Allen? I have received fills dispatch announcing the birth to us of another son. I'm glad you're over the terrible labor and hope it is the last you'll have to endure. Of course, I am pleased to know the sex of the child as he must succeed the place vacant by Willie though I fear, we will never again be able to lavish on anyone the love we bore for him. Whatever name you give this child will be acceptable to me. Charles is a common family name would do but I will suggest none that you may name him as you choose only that it'd be simple and common. Yours W T sherman. Lancaster Ohio July seventh eighteen, sixty four. Dearest COMP. For the first time since I went to bed the night of the tenth of June I am able to sit up and hold my pen hyphen sick all that day about one o'clock I set for the doctor and at twenty minutes past to the baby was born with a cry loud enough to disturb the neighborhood like Tommy he was born with a call over a space which the doctor had to remove before his cry came forth I must thank God I am spare to my children and not Murmur at the trials he sends me as ever. Headquarters Military Division Mississippi in the field near Chattahoochee July ninth eighteen, sixty four. Dearest Allen. is now more than two months since I left Chattanooga and I think during all this time I have but one letter from you. I fear you have been more ill than I supposed the enemy and the chattahoochee lie between us and intense heat prevails but I think I shall succeed. At all events you know I never turn back. Give. My Love Your father and all the young folks. Yours ever. W T Sherman. Lancaster Ohio July sixteenth eighteen, sixty, four dearest COMP. I have been ill indeed in great danger of death and left week Charlie thrives grows and batons and is very strong and healthy. The children dote on him, particularly Tommy and Lizzy. Tommy asked me how long babies wore long dresses and when I told him six or eight months, he begged me to put pantaloons on Charlie. He walks with him in his arms and watches him plays with him and seems twenty times a day. He's so glad the baby has not a girl i. told you how very strongly resembles you inform face and shape of head the likenesses striking and I am delighted to see it. All there well, and send love to dear, Papa Ever Your Affectionate Ellen. Lancaster Ohio September seventeenth eighteen, sixty, four, Saturday morning. Dearest COMP. The baby has a very bad cold settled on his lungs. May willies pure spirit? Be Your Guide to his happy home? Heaven. Is the hourly prayer of your. Truly affectionate. Ellen. Cincinnati Ohio September twenty, second eighteen, sixty four it seems as if I were never have another letter from you dearest comp. Cincinnati Ohio, September twenty fifth eighteen, sixty, four Sunday evening. Dearest COMP, the baby, a very bad cough and I feel so uneasy. Lancaster. Ohio. November eighth eighteen sixty four. Dearest comp dear willies. Picture has just been brought and now stands framed in my room. We need this to keep him fresh in the minds and the hearts of all the children for all must love and no and talk of their holy brother. Until by God's grace, we join him in his heavenly home. The baby has such a severe cold which is taken such firm hold on his lungs that I greatly fear. He will never get over it but that it will end in consumption every year truly affectionate ellen. Obituary Charles. Celestino Sherman The New York Times December twenty fifth Christmas Day eighteen, sixty four. died at South Bend Indiana on Sunday December fourth eighteen, sixty, four of pneumonia Charles. Soliciting infant son of major, general, W T and Ellen e Sherman aged five months and twenty three days. It will be remembered by readers that Mrs Sherman left her former home at Lancaster, Ohio, and took up her residence at South Bend Indiana for the purpose of being near her children who are being educated at the Catholic institutions near that place. The remains of the Bay were convey to Saint Mary's Academy where they were received by procession of lovely children of the holy angels. The beautiful head of the child was crowned of flowers which flowed like wavelengths of light almost to the feet. and his mother with touching propriety placed a palm branch in the alabaster hand of the little one. The Right Reverend Bishop of Fort Wayne delivered inappropriate sermon upon infant baptism. The music of the choir accompanied by the grand you Oregon just erected in the church was indescribably touching and beautiful. South Bend Indiana December twenty ninth eighteen, sixty four. Dearest comp long before this you have seen in the papers, the notice of the deer baby's death God grant that his prayers and Willie's May ensure my perseverance and obtained for you the gift, of faith. Ellen e Sherman. Saint Mary's Academy December thirtieth eighteen sixty four. After writing you a brief letter yesterday trump I came back here to the academy. The wound was severe in his keenly tender yet God grant. It may be healed above my blast my holy little ones pray for us ever until we join you in the bright home above when we shall see the face of God and learn to love him as he deserves, our hearts can never rest on earthly joys again after witnessing willies agony and that compared with darling babies was almost like. Ever. Faithfully Yours Allen. headquarters. Military Division of Mississippi in the Field Savannah January fifth, eighteen, sixty five. Dearest Allen I have written several times you the children. I got your letter of December twenty third and realize the d. pain in English through which you passed in the pain and sickness of the little baby I never saw. All spoke of him. So bright and fair that I had hoped he would be spared to us to fill the great void in our hearts left by willing. But it is otherwise decreed. And we must submit. I've seen death in such quantity.
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on American Elections: Wicked Game
"On president. Harrison's agenda was increasing veteran pensions regulating business monopolies and creating voting regulations to protect black voting rights in the South Republicans in Congress fell behind him. In Eighteen. Ninety Congress passed the dependent pension. Act A watershed government. Welfare Act gave federal aid. Not only to civil war veterans but also to their children additionally Senator John Sherman General William tecumseh Sherman's brother introduced a bill that outlawed trusts monopolies and cartels to increase economic competitiveness. But congressional progress soon went off the rails over black voting rights in the south old tension surrounding civil came to a boiling point when Republicans introduced the Lodge Elections Bill Southern Democrats dubbed it a force bill and colluded with Western Republican representatives. To kill it. Westerners wanted unlimited silver coinage. They promised to vote against the lodge bill in exchange for democratic support of their pro silver legislation and it worked the lodge bill never made it out of the Senate Colorado Senator Edward Wolcott commented. There are many things more important and vital to the welfare of this nation. The not the colored citizens of the South shall vote. Most Americans agreed so just as he had with. The massacre at wounded knee Harrison dropped protecting minority rights in favor of more popular political issues though the president had supported the lodge bill. He was quick to abandon it instead. He looked to the eighteen ninety. Two election and focused on an issue that he was confident would garner political points the tariff Harrison lobbied for a high protectionist tariff in eighteen ninety. He had signed the McKinley Tariff Act. The bill raised import duties. Only about eleven percent and actually eliminated. He's on a few key items like sugar. But the tariff act gave Harrison authority to reinstate those tariffs at any time and he used that power as a threat when negotiating trade deals with other countries and Harrison would face thorny situations with France Great Britain and Germany. But his biggest challenges would not happen in dark rooms working out trade agreements but rather they would involve United States burgeoning naval force and a political revolution in South America. That would push the country to the brink of war..
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on Scene On Radio
"Even though South Carolina was deep in the confederacy. The land we're now standing on was occupied by the Union as early as November eighteen. Sixty one just months after the war started at Fort Sumter. The Union Navy seized the nearby harbor port royal because of its strategic importance during the war. This part of coastal South Carolina became a gathering place for recently. Enslaved people some escaped from their plantations and manage to make it here. Others found themselves free when they're slaveholders fled union forces after the confederacy surrender in eighteen sixty five South Carolina. Along with other places in the south became a laboratory for a new American democracy. We were looking through. Our family records. Victoria tells me about another document. She found this one in the records of the Friedman Bureau. That was the big federal agency that Congress created at the end of the civil war to protect freed people and help them start. New Lives. Document is a bank application. My second great grandparents Parents Adam. And Betsy smalls was opening a bank account with the Friedman spink in downtown Beaufort on base story and with eighteen. Sixteen nine actually February nine. Eighteen sixty nine opened an account and on this application. It had his name where he was porn where he was raised where he is living. His occupation was a farmer and and the other thing says works for which really struck me and it said himself on his own land. And that really. It's hot out here and I'm sweating outside. But I just got these goosebumps all over me just out of amazement that in eighteen sixty nine he had his own land. Smalls IS LAND. Did Not come from special field order. Fifteen better known as the forty acres and a mule policy ordered by General William tecumseh Sherman in early eighteen sixty five by the way the order promised land but no mules president. Andrew Johnson Rescinded Sherman's order after Lincoln's assassination. The government took back most of the land that had been confiscated and given to free black families and returned it to its previous quite owners. And you can help me with this too. Was the also with us. The Penn Center is Brent Morris the historian at the University of South Carolina Beaufort. Who's showing me around? He says Victoria smalls ancestors. Adam and betsy smalls got their land. In a different way. When the Union army occupied the Beaufort area hundreds of slaveholding planters skedaddle and then lost title to their lands because they couldn't return to make their tax payments without risking arrest in beaufort the low country. There about two hundred different plantations that were sold and Most of them were bought by northerners. But a big chunk of that land was bought up by African Americans and that sort of the the that Victoria was talking about this. This family land. That was so important and land was was really what mattered reconstruction getting the vote was great but land an education. I think we're sort of hand in hand. Education had allowed people to In the past to to rise up through society if you could read and write than you could become a powerful person but also land the people that were the most powerful and rich and the old south had been the big landowners and just their example. They were literate and they had land. It was something that the Friedman could aspire to and they did land education the right to vote and hold public office for a time. It looked like these things would now become available to four million black people across the American south who were freshly free from Chattel slavery. This made the years after eighteen sixty five and extraordinary time hopes were high but these gains were hard one and always under threat after the defeat of the confederacy. Lincoln's Party the Republicans held firm control of Congress. The election of eighteen sixty six gave them a majority so big. They could override vetoes by president. Andrew Johnson he was a Democrat from Tennessee and an unabashed way supremacist. He wanted the north to make up with the defeated South and move on for a time though. The Congress led a push to dramatically remake. The country reconstruction is fundamentally a story about democracy. It's about who will have a role in American democracy going forward from the civil war historian Eric phone or he's widely considered the leading authority on reconstruction. Will this be a BI racial democracy where African Americans for the first time really given a voice in who rules in their society and they estates or will they be put back into a position of subordination not slaves anymore but certainly not equal in any way to civil war? Didn't saddle that fight. It made it possible to have it. At first. The Republican controlled. Congress tried to create a multiracial democracy. It passed the thirteenth amendment to the constitution abolishing slavery in eighteen sixty five then over the next few years. Two more amendments the fourteenth granted citizenship to anyone born in the US and guaranteed equal treatment under the law. Regardless of race the fifteenth declared voting rights. Could not be denied because of race. Eric phones newest book about the passage of those three amendments is titled the Second Founding Second Founding because we talk about the founders. You know from the American revolutionary era will my argument. Is this really remade? The constitution it wasn't just a series of little changes it created a fundamentally new document And if we wanted you know as we should Admire James Madison and Hamilton. And the original founders. We should also equally admired John Bingham and thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner and those who rewrote the constitution in order to try to bring this principle of equality into it. Those members of Congress were among the leaders of the radical Republicans. They were called members of the party. Who Unlike Lincoln were clear abolitionists before the civil war their leader in the Senate was Charles? Sumner a Boston. Ian In his fifties and the congress's most uncompromising defender of equal rights for black people a decade before in eighteen fifty six South Carolina congressman had brutally beaten Sumner with a cane on the Senate floor during a bitter debate about whether to admit Kansas as a free or slave state now. Sumner and his allies were in charge and they pushed for what? W E B D. Boys would later call. Abolition Democracy over two days in February eighteen sixty six. Sumner gave a four hour. Speech with Frederick Douglass seated in the crowded Senate gallery. Sumner was explicit in saying the country needed to go far beyond the first revolution. Our fathers solemnly announced the equal rights of all men and that government had no just foundation except in the consent of the governed looking at this declaration now it is chiefly memorable for the promises it made mighty words fit lesson for mankind and now the moment has come when these vows must be fulfilled to the letter insecure in the equal rights of the Friedman and his participation in the government which has text to support. We shall perform the early promise of the fathers in. Sumner said the nation also had to repay black people for their role in helping to win the civil war as the condition of alliance and a against the rebellion. Failure here is moral and.
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on This Day in History Class
"Today brought to you by Tracey. V will thin often. We hope it makes previous episodes for this date. Easier to find in the feed. Welcome to this day in history class from how stuff works dot com and from the desk. Ask of stuff. You missed in history class. It's the show where we explore the past one day at a time with a quick look at what happened today in history. Hello and welcome to the PODCAST. I'm Tracy B Wilson and it's November Fifteenth Major. General William tecumseh Sherman's March reached to the sea began on this day in eighteen. Sixty four. This happened during the US civil war. And it's more formerly known as the Georgia and Carolinas campaign. The Union army had captured Atlanta and September and had removed civilian population with the intent of keeping Atlanta is a strictly military base. It had also destroyed factories and railroads and buildings basically anything that might be useful to the confederacy. Many homes in Atlanta were also burned although it wasn't the wholesale destruction of the entire city as it's often popularly imagined the march from Atlanta Santa started on November fifteenth and Sherman's force was divided into two approximately equal wings. They continued southeast toward Savannah. Manna Georgia where they would arrive. On December twenty second this was not a straight unbroken line the two wings progressed in four columns uh-huh with the right wing shifting south toward Macon Georgia and the left wing shifting North Toward Augusta Georgia. This was to make it seem as though maybe those Cities where the real objective but both columns shifted once again and bypassed both cities this March was incredibly destructive. The the intent was to rob the confederacy of anything. That could possibly make use of and to terrify the civilian population and try to encourage a faster southern surrender so the Union army took anything that was edible or valuable from plantations and from farms that they passed Sherman. Sherman had promised to make Georgia howl so they burned out buildings and farms and sometimes homes. They kept destroying railroads and and Cutting Telegraph lines and burning stores and supplies. They were as they went. Also emancipating people who were enslaved on these properties so so in theory this destruction and it was definitely destructive was supposed to have some limits. Sherman gave orders not to enter people's homes uh-huh and when seizing livestock. They were supposed to focus on things. They were owned by rich people rather than what was owned by the poor people. who weren't resisting supposed the post to be left alone as much as possible? The intent after all was to deprive the confederacy of anything that could be useful and terrify people into surrendering. It wasn't to punish the poorest civilians and the free people who really had nothing else but in practice these orders that were supposed hostess sort of temper. This whole process were often not followed at all. Soldiers carried away as much as they could and destroyed what they couldn't and a lot of people who were left often. The path of all of this destruction were women and children because a lot of the men were away fighting. This also meant that the people they were liberating from enslavement were liberated now but they were left with nothing to support themselves no way even necessarily to have shelter food and Sherman in his army armie. We're taking no responsibility for them or for making sure that they were going to be able to survive. Once they had moved on the two wings of Sherman's March I reconnected in December. They took fort mcallister before bombarding city of Savannah and then after capturing Savannah Sherman sent this telegram his His Excellency President Lincoln I beg to present you as a Christmas gift. The city of Savannah with a hundred and fifty heavy guns and plenty of ammunition and also about about twenty five thousand bales of cotton W T Sherman Major General the destruction all of this was massive. The Union army lost lost fewer than two thousand of the sixty thousand men that it left Atlanta with over this more than a month of the campaign and it was also disastrous for southern morale L.. As it was intended to be especially for the civilians who had thought that the confederate army would protect them and instead had no protection. Sherman estimated rated the march through Georgia caused about one hundred million dollars worth of destruction and then the following year. They turned north toward the Carolinas. And that that March probably also did an equal amount of damage through the Carolinas. After the war Sherman's March became part of the lost cause propaganda that reframed the confederacies role in the war as a noble and heroic but doomed struggle to preserve a genteel way of life in even appeared in the Nineteen fifteen birth of a nation and then was later part of Nazi propaganda. Thanks to crisscross Yoda's for his research work on today's podcast and thanks to Casey Karuma Chandler maze for their audio work.
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on The Black Guy Who Tips Podcast
"That sometimes we get in our own heads about things when in reality. It don't matter if I'm on the Brown Dot Day if I wanted media I got the right to be there. You know. People say black people like don't support trump up and don't have mega heads. They do can take advice okay. You're not alone because you don't mean you can't do whatever you WANNA do. You WanNa no no. I did not approve that message and got her her. Why does the absence of Al Qaeda all right? Let's get to the news. Oh shout out to Veterans Undermines Day which we miss shouting out yesterday. All my Mitterand's disturbed an army. And of course everyone is beat the collar duties lows or you. You know massive fix this day is also a big day history because it is the day in Eighteen Sixty F. O.. November twelve that that union union. General William tecumseh Sherman or does the Business District of Atlanta Georgia destroy before he embarks on his famous monster to see what. What a great day in history One of my favorites one of my absolute favorite days in American history. Three the day William County Sheriff and say you know what crackers we are tied of the bullshit. It's time to go ahead and Kaga wrap when Sherman captured Atlanta China in early September. Eighteen sixty four. He knew that he could not remain there for long. His tenuous supply line ran from Nashville Tennessee through Chattanooga Tennessee then then one hundred miles through the mountainous northern Georgia. The army he had just defeated. The army of Tennessee was still in the area and its leader. John Bell Hood Swung around Atlanta to try to damage. Term Lifeline of even greater concern was the confederate cavalry of general Nathan bad cars Forest Bedford forrest. I A brilliant commander and racists who could strike quickly against the railroads and river transport on which Germany relied during the fall. Sherman concede eight of client to split his enormous army. He sent part of it commanded by General George Thomas Back Toward Nashville to deal with hood why he prepared to take the rest of the troops troops are caught across Georgia through October. Sherman built a massive cash cash cash supplies in Atlanta. He then ordered a systematic construction of the city to prevent the confederates from recovering. Anything once the Yankees had abandoned it. Yes all that's changed tactics to see back in the day they. He's the switch these cities back and forth. They like because you know as like respect these wife I was like yeah. We are we fighting but you still brothers and Whiten it so we not trying to destroy away everything. This is a nation. We have fighting on brothers and sisters well fighting our own comrades. We'll have fighting our own citizens and that was the reason it took so along for this fucking water. Be One because they didn't treat them like they treat out of other high staff the ball out of other people they had genocide in slade and shit dateline today. What if Americans right? They was trying to afford them white citizenry. You know. That's why when people call it a civil war I say I don't think I I don't like to turn the civil war more like a civil war between two factions the citizens in saying this in the same place fighting each other. And I'm like I'm not a dumb ass one undies. My focus renounced their citizenship and wanted to secede from the country. So to me from that moment on is not a civil war anymore you trying to leave. Why is saying no? We won't desire country to you saying we're GONNA take our slave owners have country for you guys and you know it fucking fuck you bag buddy. Fuck you bag very am I. masterman got tired of the Bluesy. You know what you won't be coming back to your arms ause. Why because I'm burning the ship down all right? You don't have to worry about you. Keep pigs in your in your cows. 'cause we eaten a motherfucker now got rations. Fuck thank you and for Guilt Shit. It's over. Oh a great day in history by one estimate. Nearly forty percent of the city was ruined Sherman. Would he would apply the same policy destruction to the rest of Georgia as March to Savannah before. Plug it up all right fuck it up before. Leaving in November fit on November Eighteenth Sharma's forces had burned the industrial district of Atlanta and left little butt a smoking looking shale music to my mother fucking ears they got I think they call it. The burn of land or something like that found. You let it burn They don't talk about that one on Veterans Day. Do they know that. Hey Don my favorite five degrees okay. HOTLANTA indeed. Oh man you guys never watched can burn civil war documentary series is fucking worthy. Cause it's like the zero damn tired of fighting it. And then that's when Sherman Ulysses grant was like you you know what let's just start treating his mouth is like you know the enemy fuck them up because we initiate and we wanted to go home now families so so good in other news. What is happening guys? Happy Disney plus day. It is happy Disney plus day. It went it went up and then they went down. I am I naked so I didn't really get decided by by the time I got to watch it and I was good. Yeah came back on. I mean it's good now but I watch smile on there but yeah appreciate a Disney coming through question to build a low in added all the series that I normally be watching out Ole shit that I don't I didn't get to watch because I didn't have the Disney channel's a kid okay Some of that stuff also was stuff that you know back in the day we have. DVR Your. I don't know what kind of parents I have. My parents wouldn't allow me to VCR fucking yes so there's a whole last episodes a duck duck. I'm sure I didn't miss the dark. There's a gargoyles zone. Air Land in play obviously demand delorean which having having started yet. I'm just like I really like that. So flames in here. They liked the first three episodes on it. And they're going to do it week by week so I I'm I'm GonNa get into that all that stuff but I wouldn't put Disney plus on everything this morning. I woke up and it's like Oh my phone on the XBOX xbox on Roku who even creating me and they can't see that's why I keep you around gave me like you ain't fucking algorithms that gets it right All right let's get into the news guys see what else is happening today. national enquirer publisher planned and to funnel a million dollars to our Kelly through a shell company. President trump was clearly fixate on the Piton Donna. Uh Sean Stars to wait what what is happening was nothing to do with trump. Okay I'm GONNA say is. Why does the body of the article say trump trump and the titles? They are Kelly. What the fuck is that? Just how saved in pocket because as not what the article said when I clicked on it earlier earlier all right well. Let's just let this allowed in the background but Okay now let's see on Monday. The Daily Beast reported that American Media Media Inc the Polish national enquirer proposed a covert scheme to pay jail. Rb Singer R Kelly one million dollars to a shell company retire for his participation in a televised documentary series the. Am I have Dylan. Howard wanted to produce impeached or network? Wow scummy leaked audio recordings. Outings reveal Howard proposed as secret licensing agreements through his shell company could conceal the payments so they can market the series as independent from Kelley. Kelly and avoid any potential public relations fallout from paying him. First of all you're gonNA aired on Channel if he's involved is GONNA be. We definitely biased at his side because whilst the fuck where he do it like what we know he don't do no interviews. They're making look bad. Well Gayle King. I mean her. She was the first one to challenge him in he never offenders. He looked bad with with several people. Yes he's giving several bad interviews he does interviews that makes them look bad all the time. Yes but the thing is if it's something it makes them look good that WHO's GonNa be different. Yeah I guess I don't know I just feel like I just feel like if you're willing to pay him. I'm a million dollars so you can capitalize having him involved in your documentary. My guess.
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on Assassinations
"As more police came to officer Colonel Side to help drag thirty nine year old Charles Goto away a mob formed at the Baltimore Ultimo and Potomac railroad station. The crowd chanted Lynch Him Lynch Him Charles had self-satisfied look on his face in his mind he'd carried out the mission God had laid out for him and as the officers dragged him out of the train station and into a police carriage Charles shouted I am a stalwart and Chester Arthur is now president except President James Garfield was still alive lying on the dirt covered unhygienic floor of the train station. He fought to stay conscious his teenage sons Harry and Jim. I'm back the crowd forming around them. Garfield whispered for water when he received a glass he struggled a sip-it vomiting as he he drank the first bullet had sliced cleanly through James's right arm however the second bullet had entered his back and lodged itself there. Dr Smith Townsend arrived within minutes of the shooting Garfield was barely conscious but able to speak townsend quickly made a concoction of Brandy and smelling salts that jolted his patient awake what happened next would prove move costly townsend took his unsterilized fingers which had touched the disgusting train station floor and inserted them directly flee into the wound and Garfield back he wasn't able to locate the bullet so the only purpose it served was to introduce of veritable Cesspool into the injury to examine him more thoroughly. Townsend decided they needed to get Garfield off the floor and away from the crowds. They hoisted the president onto a makeshift mattress and brought him to a private room during that time Townsend was joined by Dr Charles Purvis the chief surgeon at the Friedman's hospital the thirty nine year old would go down in history as the first black doctor to examine a US president immediately upon arrival he ordered that hot water bottles and blankets be wrapped around Garfield torso and legs to stimulate relate his fading pulse and counteract his clammy skin as the two doctors looked over Garfield the secretary of war Robert Todd Lincoln in had nightmarish flashbacks to when his father Abraham Lincoln was shot. He ordered for someone to find Doctor Willard Bliss Bliss Bliss was considered the premier experts in ballistics wounds after his experience as a surgeon during the civil war bliss arrived fifteen minutes later and and assumed control of Garfield Care like Townsend. He completely ignored sanitizing his hands before he started digging through Garfield wound wound antiseptic. This was a new concept in medicine that most American doctors were dubious about even worse than Townsend Bliss also also didn't sanitize the probes he used to search for the bullets nor did he give Garfield any kind of pain relieving tonic. His suffering was unbearable while bliss poked and prodded so much so that purpose demanded that bliss stop an audacious move for a black doctor to make against a white doctor but bliss ignored purposes protests meanwhile secretary of State James Blaine was met by other other cabinet members still in Shock Blaine realized that he recognized the shooter when pressed about where he'd seen him before he recalled all that Charles had pestered the State Department for Console ship job in Paris. It was impossible for it to be the same man blamed thought as the chaos at the train station raged on shooter Charles Guitar was on his way to the police station. He told officer colonel that he had a letter for Famed Union General William Tecumseh Sherman that needed to be delivered. Carney said he would handle it at police. Lee's headquarters. Charles pockets were emptied in all the excitement at the train station. No one had bothered to take away his pistol it. It wasn't until now that they've finally took the weapon into their possession. Word traveled fast about the assassination attempts mobs formed demanding Charles Charles B lynched the police decided to transport Charles to a more secure location district jail on the carriage ride over Charles believed that he was only in police custody for his own safety in no time at all General Sherman would free him from jail and the newly unstated President Chester Arthur would reward him with the Paris console ship for putting him in power for now he just sit and wait in his jail jail cell a sense of relief washed over him for successfully carrying out his divine mission. He was about to be famous for saving saving the country. Meanwhile back at Baltimore and Potomac Garfield asked to go back to the White House while it wasn't wasn't the most glamorous of places at that time it was infested with rodents broken floorboards and leaky pipes it was still cleaner than the train in station and it was away from the crowds eight men carried Garfield down the steps and into a horse drawn ambulance the mob that surrounded the the train station immediately quieted upon seeing the president's relieved that he was still alive. They finally arrived at the White House around eleven. Am about about an hour and a half after the shooting. Garfield was situated in a private room. A dozen doctors attended him overseen by Willard Bliss He repeatedly injected Garfield with morphine to ease the pain. The medicine caused Garfield become nauseous throughout the day despite fight the intense pain and repeated episodes of vomiting his spirits were actually rather high he joked with the doctors and asked about his wife the Krisha Krisha who was on her way home from New Jersey when she finally arrived at night at seven PM. The two spoke privately for less than twenty minutes. The conversation Asian gave Lucretia a sense of hope. The doctors however believed that Garfield wouldn't survive the night after a more thorough examination at the White House. The doctors concluded that his liver was severely damaged throughout the night. Bliss released updates to to the public on the president's condition. The bulletins contradicted the truth claiming he was feeling better as bliss was controlling public perception. He was also consolidating his authority. After gaining the trust of both Garfield and Lucretia Bliss ordered the dismissal of all the other doctors Terry's outraged over the coup. Many of these doctors told the press that bliss was actually doing more harm than good he disputed the accusations accusations continuing to spin his own narrative eventually list called in to highly respected surgeons to examine garfield mostly mostly as a way to defuse the blame should garfield condition worsen. Both surgeons individually inspected the president the only conclusion they could come. I'm too was that the liver didn't look damage as was initially believed but the president was clearly in grave condition throughout the day. Eh Garfield temperature spiked to triple digits in response navy engineers created the first White House air conditioning unit by having fans blow over blocks of ice. Though it helped cool the room down it was terribly loud and made the room humid causing Garfield to feel feel even more discomfort. The next few weeks were a roller coaster for Garfield. His condition seemed to get better then suddenly worse and then back again poss began to expel from his wound which doctors incorrectly took a good sign after the pus came severe rigors and an even higher fever signs of blood poisoning Garfield was drenched in sweat and fatigued at one point he scratched on a chalkboard strangulated Pro Republica or tortured for the Republic on July twenty third eighteen eighty one three weeks after the shooting the truth about Garfield condition finally broke the one of the other doctors told reporters that the president's health had worsened so much through Blissett neglect that he was almost certainly dying even bliss by that time recognize the president's worsening condition he believed that he had done all he medically could an an asked for help from other fields one person to answer the call was inventor and scientist Alexander Graham Bell on July twenty sixth eighteen eighty one bell visited the ailing Pale president. He brought a crude metal detector that would hopefully locate the bullet using electromagnetic waves. The device unfortunately didn't work but bell was determined after a few days of tinkering with the device device he returned to the White House on August first and try it again. They removed all metal objects from around. Garfield bed to avoid any interference appearance. They placed the device on Garfield chests. Where Bliss suspected the bullet was bell listened and heard a faint pulsating noise voice bliss took the results as confirmation? He released a bulletin saying that the bullet was lodged in Garfield fields abdomen wall above the groin but bell had doubts the next day he returned to the White House and asked if every metal object object was clear from the bed he discovered that under Garfield. Hey mattress was another one made entirely of criss crossed metal wires it. It'd be a sense that the White House would have a newly invented box spring but tobel. It was a shocking revelation. That may have tainted the test. Perhaps the bullet wasn't his abdomen at all and they were looking in the wrong section of his body. Unfortunately Bell was called back to Boston before he could run another test and in his absence Garfield was once more left in bliss incompetent care.
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on Assassinations
"For the stalwarts he had to take drastic action in the middle of May roscoe conquering resigned as senator from New York. He assumed that the New York state legislature would reelect him back into the Senate a symbolic gesture. The machinations were intended to make a grand show show over this way conquering had in politics. A plan failed miserably the New York. Legislature didn't reelect him during the special election. Listen the power move failed and sent a blow to the stalwart. 'cause as news of conclaves resignation made headlines. The person who was the most affected did by it was Charles Ghetto. The resignation occurred just after he had been berated by Secretary James Blaine for his constant needling about an ambassadorship for days Charles Mold over what had happened. He became convinced that somehow lane was responsible. For conclaves resignation on June first eighteen eighty one thirty nine year old Charles made the decision that the only way to save the Party and the country from Blaine was by eliminating James Garfield. If Vice President Chester Arthur became president conklin could return to Washington Winton on June ninth Charles Borrowed Fifteen dollars worth three hundred seventy six dollars today from a friend with the promise of paying him back soon with that fifteen dollars he went to a sporting goods store and purchased a forty four caliber British bulldog a box of cartridges and penknife for the next couple weeks. Charles stocked James Garfield. The president's schedule was reported in the paper which Charles closely read he tailed them around Washington as he went on walks into meetings he even followed Garfield when he attended services at the disciples of Christ church when he wasn't lurking in the shadows he practiced his shooting being down by the Potomac and in the evenings. He wrote long letters explaining why he needed to eliminate the president. Many of these letters were to no one in particular however one was addressed to General William tecumseh Sherman asking to be rescued once he was in jail. Charles were called the twelve day manhunt after John Wilkes booth assassinated Abraham Lincoln which led to booths death at the Garrett. You're at farm. Charles wasn't going to die like booth one. Saturday Charles took a stroll down to the city jail to see where he would probably. Lee End up after the deed was done though he wasn't permitted inside Charles liked what he saw from the outside and figured it was a sacrifice is worth making initially Charles decided that the disciples of Christ church was the perfect place to assassinate the president on on Sunday June twelfth. He followed Garfield to the service and sat in the back. Charles had an opportunity to fulfill his divine mission but decided against it instead he listened raptly to the sermon eventually shouting out what you think of Christ that night each Garfield wrote about Charles outbursts in his diary not realizing that the two of them had already met months before after failing to act that that day Charles Determined to follow through on the following Sunday June nineteenth however the plan changed again when Charles discovered the Garfield would be going out of town for a few days. Lucretia was ill and Garfield was going to take her to elbow New Jersey in the hopes of recovery. Charles realized that this was a boon the Baltimore and Potomac station was actually a much better place to execute his plan on Saturday June eighteenth eighteen eighty. Charles waited for Garfield to arrive at the Baltimore and Potomac railroad station when the carriage arrived. He readied the pistol in his pocket. Then all of a sudden Charles let go of the weapon. He watched in disappointment as the frail looking first lady Lucretia Garfield stepped out of the carriage after her husband not wishing to upset upset the ill woman by killing her husband before her very eyes. Charles packed up and decided he would wait until Garfield was alone that president resident returned alone to Washington D. C. Nine days later he made plans to go back to L. Baronne to pick up Lucretia in early July when Charles read in the papers that Garfield would be returning to the Baltimore and Potomac Station on July second. He knew it was finally going to be the day day to strike on July. First Garfield spent the evening with Secretary of State James Blaine they toasted roscoe conquering getting what he deserved and complained about Vice President Chester Arthur who was consoling conquering in New York for a brief moment. James Garfield was happy being president the next morning Charles Guitar woke up at five. Am after eating breakfast he returned into his room retrieved his pistol and some letters one was addressed to the senior most officer on the entire army commanding general of the United States Army Armie William tecumseh Sherman Charles hoped that Sherman would understand why he did what he had to do and hoped that Sherman would protect him after the the assassination at nine fifteen. Am Charles arrived at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad station five minutes later he watched reached as a carriage pulled to the front when the door opened James Garfield James Blaine Robert Todd Lincoln and Garfield Teenage Sons Harry and Jim Exited Garfield asked police officer Patrick currently how much time he had until the train departed and was politely told ten in minutes with a nod the party made its way into the station to wait. Lane was a few paces ahead of Garfield while Harry and Jim were a few feet behind their father upon entering the waiting room. Garfield had no idea that Charles was standing just us three feet behind him to Charles. This was the moment he had been waiting for all these weeks. He wasn't going to waste it. He he reached into his pocket and pulled out the forty four British bulldog with calm unwavering composure Charles aim the Pistola so let Garfield back and pulled the trigger a sudden pain ran up Garfield right arm as the forty four caliber bullet islet sliced through it in utter confusion. He shouted my God. What is this has. He turned around Charles's. Calmness suddenly turned to fear fear. He fired again. The second bullet burrowed into Garfield back. The impact caused his knees to buckle and and he fell forward when he hit the ground he vomited blood began to pool around his coat. When the echo of the gun blast finally ceased east there was a moment of silence in the train station then a woman screamed Yasser Charles could see all home is turned to him and the pistol in his hand he had just shot the president. There was only one the thing left to do run.
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on Ideas
"Don't realize that there for our kids don't realize what it comes with poverty because they've lived at all along. Our kids. Don't know what it's like to not go to a funeral every month. Our kids don't know what it's like to not experience dance suicide as a common normal thing within the community. We've normalized so many of these things there's physical michael abuse mental abuse emotional abuse sexual abuse but because it happened so often and it's also not being discussed. Our children are being being groomed to perpetuate that very system. It's not gonna deal if you don't talk about it so those factors are pretty important and the government has identified those. It's not something that i made up. It's not something that somebody else made up. The government identified it and they exist. The point of denial is ridiculous in two two thousand eighteen if in two thousand eighteen year denying that aboriginal people have it worse than everybody else you're also the same person who said that black people shouldn't have rights are also the the same person that said lesbian shouldn't be allowed to marry. I mean you can go through history and realize how many of these things have changed over time because there was so much resistance from the mainstream mainstream society and we're this last relic of a of a time when white people for so long wanted us to either be romanticized sized image of the noble savage right th that you know pretty and doesn't speak english but is very stoic or they want us to be something that is a drunken wild savage person <hes> and if you're not either one of those things then you're really dehumanized because if if i'm in my regalia walking down the street people will want to take pictures with me which is its own social issue but normally i may have the same a person might cross the street as long society <hes> others the aboriginal person and other people of color and women and homosexuality <unk> homosexuality and gender differences as long as we continue doing that we inevitably cannot advance as as human beings as human races and that ah animosity can only brew and i fight it everyday i try not to be you have animosity towards other groups but damn it's hard. It's hard when i when i know that somebody that won the young people that i'm working with has experienced an array of absolutely horrific and violent things and society saudi stands buying says well. It's not that bad you know. No one is that bad you know tanya to lag in conversation with richard simon taylor therefrom leave out violence nova scotia and now back to big brother's hunger the second of the twenty eighteen c._b._c. massey lectures in halifax. I wanna step back in time now a little bit. I'm gonna talk about fourteen ninety three that was one year after christopher columbus landed on the shores of haiti pope alexander created a series of orders call the papal bowl and they were used to legitimize the spanish empire's conquest of the americas. Those orders known also as the doctrine discovery were based on the term of terra nullius. That's latin for land belonging to no-one. That's an interesting concept opt so the thought was cave got all these empires in their sailing across and they're going through these papal bulls in in their hands. Are they're going to places. This is where quote unquote land belongs to win but for the first people that were already living here there were living on turtle island land belong to everyone lynn couldn't be owned. It was shared human life doubts to the laws of nature for example generations of plains indians lived off the buffalo hunt for centuries. They lived off the buffalo hunt in northern norway norway in scandinavia the sami indigenous people to those lands they have lived for as long as time has been around and they've lived following the reindeer herds in the north in you eat hunt seal and whale they move with the seasons seasons things change relationships to the land is sacred separation from the land causes a spiritual separation for the roman catholic church for the spanish the portuguese the dutch and the french empires and for the conquering british the kind of took to heart the concept of land belonging to no-one like i said earlier but as the age of empire waned beginning to sort of follow it a fashion is still kind of went with this belief thus this nullified this belief that the physical existence of the first people didn't really matter the papal bulls were in their hands and they could come to this land and they could spread the christian religion and the catholic faith so that quote the health of souls be cared for and that barbarous barbarous nations be overthrown and brought to the faith itself. I was taken to heart quite a bit and it was used for history. I'm gonna talk talk a little bit about what happened. In america you heard me talking a little bit about people moving with the planes with people on the planes moving with the buffalo. I'm gonna bring you to in july. Fourth seventeen seventy six the thirteen colonies decided to become independent from great britain therefore they formed the united in states of america in seventeen eighty three the british empire and the united states signed the treaty of paris which reorganized is the u._s. has an independent republic but the thing is is that no provision whatsoever were made for native americans. The people that we're already living on the land or for their sovereignty all pushed aside land was ceded to the americans in ohio in western new york in pennsylvania in virginia native americans would have to spend centuries fighting for their existence and the fight fight continues in north america. The stealing of lands was legitimized by treaties with separate indigenous nations and those were done well residential school set up all over the continent so they weren't to set up in canada doesn't just happen there but also happened in the united states and also to in the united states there was kind of a divide and conquer strategy because what they were doing in the u._s. They were signing lining all of these treaties so many treaties legally binding agreements three hundred seventy one of them actually from seventeen seventeen seventy eight to eighteen seventy one and the thought was divided up. Let's make all of these treaties and everything and you know there was an american general general that said we have made a thousand trees in this country and we haven't abided by one of them may eighteen thirty the president andrew jackson signed the indian removal act at legally entitled the president to resettle all american indians east of the mississippi river but the cherokee they wouldn't go see they had faced expulsion before they had faced expulsion before from the gold rush in georgia and this time they refuse to surrender under this was really interesting too because at this point there were a lot of cherokee that we're living in western style houses that were participating in towns. They were part of the new settler society. There are playing by the rules they lived with everyone else but they were still forcibly removed from their homes on put on forced marches or they were held in prison camps if they you didn't comply during that time four thousand cherokee died of disease exposure or starvation you know i was talking about <hes> general william tecumseh sherman. Who's the one that's said said the quote that i was talking about earlier and it's kind of ironic to his name tecumseh because he was named after tecumseh the shawnee chief sherman was also quite famous for ordering something else he ordered the slaughter of five five million bison quite remarkable when you think about that the plains indians lost their food source they lost their hunting eighteen ground their way of life this this was a violent act of cultural cleansing getting rid of the animals get rid of the animals get rid of the indian way of life. He was in one thousand nine hundred seventy nine that the u._s. Government introduced american indian in boarding schools and by one thousand nine hundred one hundred fifty of these schools were set up across the united states now one hundred fifty nine thousand nine hundred in canada. We had one hundred and thirty nine indian residential schools schools were set up for the same purpose purpose on both sides of the border. I'm gonna talk a little bit about one of the architects now of the indian residential school system here back doc in canada and the reason why i'm gonna talk about him and his name is duncan. Campbell scott is because he was the superintendent super intendant of the department of indian affairs from nineteen thirteen to nineteen thirty two and as such he was the chief architect of candidates indian residential the school system also a poet you know some people still want people still study his poetry and i was writing a story. This is a a little bit of a side but it's a good story. I was writing a newspaper article. Just a little while back i was writing about <hes> duncan campbell scott and i had somebody call me and and said why are you writing this way. Both duncan campbell scott. You need to be a little bit more fair and she's like yeah. He was a great poet. You're going to ruin his reputation. I'm like sister already done that on his own anyway duncan campbell scott he negotiated. I did one treaty. Actually the province of ontario is also signature to the treaty this treaty number nine. This is the only treaty that duncan campbell scott had a big a hand in and he was doing that from nineteen five to nineteen ninety-six. Guess what ed mike was talking about earlier. They live.
"general william. tecumseh sherman" Discussed on WTVN
"Fifty thousand. I was shocked by this number five hundred and fifty eight thousand still alive. Wow. Veterans, of course, those would be in in the United States armed forces during the years of World War, Two not necessarily deployed or combat three states have more than one million veterans among their population. That should be easy. What are the three states that have more than one million veterans? I would have to say be a California, Texas, and you the New Yorker, Illinois, Florida. Dijana retirees right? Speaking of which this day in history. It's the three hundred fifteenth day of the year, and we have just fifty days remaining till the end of the end of the year in eighteen sixty four general one of your colleagues from one hundred plus years began burning Atlanta, I believe it was Rome, Georgia. And that would be general William tecumseh Sherman. I believe he came from Lancaster. I believe so eighteen eighty nine the state of Washington is admitted as the what number state of the United States, wet number eight eighteen eighty nine what number were we up to that would have to be like forty five. Wow. Very good forty to nineteen eleven. This is a I never knew about this weather anomaly, but in nineteen eleven many cities in the midwestern United States break their record highs and record lows on the same day nineteen eleven you might want to do some Google on that strong cold front rolls through. I think that would be an understatement night. Let me think about a record high in record low on the same day nineteen eighteen we already said World War One Germany signs off on an armistice agreement. Now, we know when World War Two where the big signature and the Pacific was signed where wh- where did this signature occur on the? The decks of the battleship, Missouri. As a matter of fact, the World War One though, I'm sorry. The World War One. Where was the armistice signed? It was in a actually it was in a train car. That's right here reverse is railroad car in the forest companion wherever that is. That was fun. I've actually eaten those nineteen twenty three maybe more than one nineteen Twenty-three Adolf Hitler was arrested in Munich. Now, this is five years after World War worldwide. Beer hall. Pooch Adolf Hitler gets arrested Munich for high treason for his role in the beer hall. Pooch five years did not take long for Adolf to whip up. The masses nineteen thirty four. I did mention the penalty shots last night that that high state that the Columbus blue jackets and the Rangers through down on each other the very first penalty shot. In the NHL nineteen thirty four was against the Tronto Maple Leafs. Was that first penalty shots successful or unsuccessful? General. I would have to say unsuccessful correct unsuccessful not a lot happens in the world of history from thirty four to eighty one on November the eleventh till nineteen Eighty-one Fernando Valenzuela remember Fernando Valenzuela first rookie ever to win a Cy Young award. And then just six years later nineteen eighty-seven Roger Clemens won his second consecutive Cy Young award. I forget how many he has before. I think so. And then on this day, November eleven nineteen eighty-seven judge Anthony Kennedy nominated to supreme court after two other failed attempts failed attempts in one of those fails was wasn't the the Ginsburg fellow that was supposedly had. His smoked marijuana at in college and college, and how many years later, do we have a presidential candidate admitting it and becoming president. Well, there would have been Clinton. I think Clinton never inhaled. But then there is. So he was that guy. I thought that was okay. But it was with Obama. No, go inhaled both anyway and liked back to George s Patton general Patton. Was born on this day in eighteen eighty five. Okay. So eighteen eighty-five George s Patton eleven eleven eighty-five is born in of World War One eleven eleven eighteen what happened and did you know that in nineteen twelve the summer of nineteen twelve these summer Olympics for in Stockholm Sweden. Okay. Who do you think? Was in the winter and the summer Olympics competing in the potassium LAN in nineteen twelve couldn't of George Patton, George s Patton. Yes, he did the pentathlon. Well, and then was he was in World War One for a moment. He was a in the tank corps. And then died, you know, how died right using some sort of a a car accident as the World War Two is drawing to a close in Europe, December forty five he was an as a slow speed head on and wanted to be buried with this with the with the boy with the boys, you know. So he's buried actually I think over in Luxembourg downs. Right. Nineteen o four Alger hiss is born Alger hiss, of course, famous American lawyer and convicted spy. Third of the State Department. Yeah, he did. He was very high went very high Johns Hopkins University voted most popular student by his classmates. Graduated PHI beta Kappa Felix Frankfurter became his protege when his was studying at Harvard Law School, and then even served a year as a clerk to supreme court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes one of my favorites. And for many years, they said, oh, this this stuff about his all just made up stuff. He died in nineteen Ninety-six. He'd made it always nineteen Ninety-six maintain his innocence other way as does his family to this day within the vanilla transcript. And then these transcripts come out. You never know cases are never closed, and we have clients that will say, let's say they're accused of something. And then the police don't have enough to to move forward. So there's no there's no filing of a complaint. There's no indictment. What have you? And they don't have to tell them. You're not cleared. It's there's just not enough evidence yet to come out.