5 Burst results for "General Mark Antony"
"general mark antony" Discussed on Parcast Presents
"In forty seven. Bc accompanied by both. Infants is sorry on and told me the fourteenth followed Caesar back to Rome for the first time. This was a scandalous decision. On their part as Caesar was already married to cal purnea yet still housed his foreign mistress in his country home. Caesar went so far. As to erect a statue of Cleopatra. As Isis in the temple of Venus in the middle of the Forum Julian Tantamount to declaring her a Roman icon. She would continue to come visit him over. The next three years solidifying her status in Roman Society and angering the senators like CICERO and Cassius. Who Oppose Caesar's growing control and influence. This was already a momentous time with the defeat of pompey Caesar send it to another level eventually becoming console without any sort of CO consul breaking Roman tradition and establishing himself as essentially dictator for life. Still held some power over him for instance after she introduced him to her astrologer. Caesar updated the Roman calendar as a hybrid with Egypt's creating what is essentially our modern Western calendar yet. Not every sweet. Nothing CLEOPATRA WHISPERED IN HIS EAR. Worked its magic. Her primary concern was directed towards Serena's future Cleopatra. My Love I received word but was locked in ceaseless debate with tiresome CICERO. Kato's demise has only urged these fools onward in their campaign against me. I received word of my own regarding your nephew Octavian. Do you choose to oppose my decision. Making I come from a land where blood flows from the gods to the rulers. I only assumed the same would be true under the leadership of a man. Such as yourself Octavian. Is My nephew cesare on your a ridiculous name for a boy. He's already enough of controversy as is. Would you like me to name you queen of Rome as well? I've never asked for such a thing you know. I haven't the wolf your with would eat you alive and I need to breathe it. Sometimes I get the feeling I am little but a stepping stone to you. Do not pretend I'm anything but an afterthought to you I do not mind Julius. I know I can never truly live in Rome. But WHY WOULD I? Alexandria is Migrate Kingdom. I only seek to unify and empowered. Both you seek a world order that the world is not ready to sustain. Do not plan to wait on the world to catch up. My job is to lead is not our purpose or if you lost that too in the fog of your own power woman woman. Do not leave me here. That's why I'm leaving this empire. Julius and taking our son back to the one. He is suited to Cleopatra broke. Caesar's hard heart but before her carriage had left Rome. Her ex lover was assassinated by his own. Senators perhaps feeling inspired when she returned to Alexandria. Cleopatra proceeded to poison the final brother Ptolemy little fourteenth died before he even reached puberty in all honesty knowing the reach of her ambition. Such a quiet fate was probably a mercy to the boy doing what Caesar would not Cleopatra Name Sorry on her co region the horace to her isis she prepared to raise him as the ultimate successor to both the Western and eastern worlds. It was a perfect arrangement for Cleopatra's ruling style. Her Coal region was still swaddled in babies cloth and was completely under her control so she began to make some big political moves. And the I was siding with this. Assyrian side in the renewed Roman civil war while brutus and Cassius raged against the status quo the new Roman triumvirate controlled mainly by Caesar's best friend General Mark Antony and his heir apparent octavian fought to hold onto the old Rome and forty one BC. Cleopatra is called before Mark Antony in Tarsus a city in Modern Day Turkey Console Antony Cleopatra of Egypt comes before you today. Gods are excused. Lethal with me yes please guards I see you come with your charm intact not to mention a grand parade at your back did I. I do not even notice such things anymore. I was very prepared to dislike you. After everything. I am always prepared to be disliked triumph please. Julius was friend to us both let us dismiss the formality. Hyacinths the invitation was more of an order than anything else excuse. Any formal preparation may have taken in the public eye. I wanted this to be recorded as an accusation. But there's is little doubt in my mind that you're on the side of the Syrians. You need not look further than the name of my only son Lovely Cleopatra. My true purpose and asking here is to request your help. I intend to make war against pathogens. I must display skill above the sorts of my fellow travelers. I fear it would be the only way to hold Rome together. I am and always have been a woman of Unification. Power must be held by the most responsible among us yet. There are rumors that you do not well with others. You're dead brethren husbands. Speak to this. I did say I believe. Only the most responsible should hold power by any means. Forgive this digression. Julius always spoke of your beauty but I saw you at his villa. I thought perhaps it was saturation on his part but yet say I already know what myself. You are radiance incarnate. Nothing so complex Mark Antony. I am a goddess and Queen. I simply know it to be true and so it is so it is so began the partnership of Antony and Cleopatra Both in love and War we'll return to our story in just a moment and now let's continue the story. In December Forty Cleopatra gave birth to twins from Antony Alexander Helius the second in Cleopatra. Selene the second while the two parted company for four years the next time Antony came to Alexandria on route for his war against the par theuns. He called it his home and Cleopatra his wife without even annulling his marriage to Octavian Sister Octavia minor. Cleopatra had finally been able to wrangle a Roman man into her empire soon after came their third child Ptolemy Philadelphia's and with a few words Cleopatra destroyed the last of her ptolemaic rivals off her command antony executed arsenault for her treasonous involvement with the siege of Alexandria. There were no more siblings to challenge her rule that is humorous only far from the Republic of Rome. Do I actually feel free wrong? Calls itself Free Alexandria always has been since the Almighty Pharaoh. My people know what I have sacrificed for them. Of course they do my beautiful Isis and you will have to sacrifice no more together. We've created the family of a new civilisation. Tell me these plans. Let me hear them from Your Lips for Alexander. The lands of Armenia Media and Parthenon for Selene Sirnak perhaps Libya for little Philadelphia's was Syria Phoenicia and silly of course all of these lands will be hours they already are but they have yet to realize if Caesar was our times Alexander you and I shall be taught me and what of Rome. What if that fall smelling place? You are a Roman man after all will you leave it to Octavian? We already have our disagreements. It's a matter of time until he turns on us. Then we will crush him too and I will give that city back to my son true. Caesar this I will do for you in the Isis and you will be above all the Queen of Kings never met a man who could match my words before you're still believe have a few languages on me. Don't you good thing? We have all the time in the world legitimized in a way by Antony's presence Cleopatra and Cesario on rose to their highest level of recognition yet Cleopatra as Isis. And sorry on as Horace Living Gods to the citizens of Egypt. Cleopatra was determined to diverge from the line of tolmie insignificant ways creating her own kind of dynasty.
"general mark antony" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Deal by offering pompeii the hand of his daughter Julia and promising crassus the repayment of his debts and Caesar himself engaged aged in another political marriage of his own cal purnea the daughter of a high ranking senator at first the group operated in secret only helping each other in the shadow shadows of Rome but with any group that powerful it eventually has to come out in the open when Caesar proposed a law that would redistribute lands to the poor by force crassus in Pompeii both publicly supported. It outing the group's consolidation Caesar's fellow console business could not stand idly by and watch this happen though we might have wished he did. This is an outrage. This is madness. We let these three run wild while the omens are unfavorable Oh and the oracles only see darkness. I demand we make this new law void in order to protect this republic silence have. Aw God's do something now we must. We must fight this injustice. Throw the horse excrement on them. Yeah there's nothing more humiliating or to some more funny than being covered in Poop. Fibula probably didn't find it funny but he sure was embarrassed. He spent the rest of his console ship. In his home refusing to come out resulting in Caesar being unopposed in his power especially considering considering that the senators and other leaders saw this incident and were intimidated to oppose Caesar as well. Many Roman writers referred to fifty nine BC as the console ship of Julius. And Caesar as Caesar's year in the console ship was ending many of Rome's most powerful were ready to Nail Caesar for all of his misdeeds in the plays at power. But Caesar had the last laugh here as well. By the end of his time as consul he was able to secure himself a position as the governor of SIS Alpine Gaulle but more importantly he set his time as governor for a total of five years. which meant that? He had immunity from prosecution for those entire five years has much as the aristocracy of Rome wanted to strangle Caesar legally. Now they couldn't and Caesar was smart enough to not take the chance that they would illegally strangle him mm-hmm so as soon as his counsel ship was over he wrote off into the sunset towards Gaul. Caesar might have escaped unscathed but he now had to reset his life. In in many senses he was away from Rome back in large debt and found himself in command of four legions of soldiers so he did. What any sensible man and would do he conquered? Most of the known world seems reasonable. In that first year alone Caesar raised an additional two legions of soldiers and took on the tribes tribes that surrounded his area of rule by year two. He had doubled the size of his army and had taken most of Gaul by force. Caesar was officially in. Take no prisoners. Disner mode sir coming across the river. I see that soldier. Shall I prepare the votes of no. No gather what materials you can. We're going to build a bridge. Excuse me Sir. Are you deaf soldier. We're going to build a bridge across this river and continued this conquest. But Sir we could just take the boots the boats limit. How many of us can cross soldier? And besides that we must show these tribes that we are Romans we you must show them that. Nobody can match our power our passion and our ability to take the fight to them no matter which river or mountain they hide behind and we are Rome and we will take our enemies no matter the cost yes sir and besides a bridge is just more dignified will return to our story in just a moment now back to the life of Julius Caesar soon all of Gaul was taken. Now under Caesar's control he controversially included the GERMANIC tribes. He conquered into his army. Since it was against against Roman Law to include foreign lands in Roman armies Caesar reunited with his triumphant buddies to consolidate their alliance crassus and POMPEII agreed to to run for consul ship. And after they succeeded in getting elected they extended Caesar's governorship to an unprecedented ten years. Not only could Caesar continue to avoid being taken to task for his brash political and military actions but now he could continue to be Alexander. The great aunt have the world at his feet and with most of Modern Day Europe now under his grasp. Caesar looked across the sea to the Isle of Britain. For once however Caesar found himself in a stalemate eight and due to an approaching winter he had to retreat. If the Germans had studied there Julius Caesar history before invading Russia in World War Two. Well who knows in the spring however Caesar returned to Britain with a bigger army and a better sense of the land and was very close to completely overtaking it which would have completely completely altered the history of Western civilization as we know it. The British Empire would've ended before it had begun the monarchy Britain's financial power its eventual expansion expansion around the world and throughout Europe. All probably would not have happened. Had Britain fall into the Roman Empire. Even imagining how Britain would have fared during the fall of the Roman Empire. It's hard to imagine the implication of a Roman takeover of the UK fortunately for Britain. And unfortunately for Caesar back in Rome things were erupting into chaos crisis had been killed in an unsuccessful invasion of the east and Julia had died while giving birth to pompey's child word. Got Back to Cesar of Crassus and Julius death and that POMPEII had been elected emergency console. Caesar saw the triumphant crumbling before his eyes and offered Pompeii pay the hand of his great niece but POMPEII had already married. The daughter of a noted political opponent of Caesar's the triumphant was no more singing the signs on the wall. That Rome was on the verge of a civil war. Caesar left Britain before his conquests could be completed. Rome came before his personal thirst for power but for good measure. He stopped a couple of gallic revolts on the way back home and continued to grow his army as they marched to Rome. Man Caesar on the warpath literally literally he was taking things over for nine straight years according to Greek and Roman historian plutarch during his governorship. Caesar killed one million men. Enslaved one million more conquered three hundred tribes and burned eight hundred cities to the ground. It's probably a bit of an exaggeration duration probably but considering how much ground Caesar covered it honestly might not be that far off by fifty BC. Caesar was finally home to take on his city. Sir We are approaching the Rubicon. Are you sure you only need a single legion sir. We're all ready to fight for you. Stand Down Soldier. One Legion will be more than enough. They already fear the idea of me. There's no need to expend more men or energy than necessary. Yes Sir Ready when you are Sir let the die be cast. Let's go men. Caesar was correct in his assumption. Despite having a larger army than Caesar did POMPEII and many of his followers fled the city as soon as word of Caesar's arrival reached the Senate about reputation preceding you with Pompeii out of the city. Caesar arrived and placed his most trusted General Mark Antony in charge of the city while he left pursue pompeii now seen as a traitor for leaving Rome. In its time of need. Caesar's Army marched for twenty seven. Straight days finally catching up to Pompeii in Greece though POMPEII was able to escape. Caesar Hanley defeated pompey's army and accepted their surrender. Caesar returned to Rome now. A hero WPRO. Instead of the feared power-hungry criminal he had been seen as ten years. Before in quite a turnaround. The name of Caesar was once again held in high regard. He was was appointed dictator but immediately step down from the position in order to temporarily restore the republic and become a consul again which allowed him to leave for Egypt when he received word that POMPEII had made an appearance there when he arrived in Egypt however he discovered the POMPEII had already been assassinated. He was presented with pompey's head. Allegedly Caesar began to cry and sentenced the assassins to death under Roman law. Cesar had a very complicated relationship with Pompeii. He was a friend partner husband of his daughter and great enemy. I wouldn't doubt Caesar broke down at that moment while in Egypt. Caesar decide to see if you could make some alliances. It was here that he met Cleopatra Queen Cleopatra I present Consul Julius Caesar of Rome thank you you Awadh dismissed a pleasure to meet you. Cleopatra the pleasure is all mine welcome to Egypt thank you. Egypt has indeed been quite welcoming assassinating your greatest enemy. I suppose that's coming. I was most disappointed that I didn't strike the final blow to pompey himself. But I came here to see justice be served on Rome's behalf and though not the way I intended it is a.
"general mark antony" Discussed on Historical Figures
"Podcast listeners. We have a special treat for you our entire back catalogue of historical figures episodes are are available for you to listen to right now. That's forty-seven classic episodes of historical figures. Ready for you to unwrap this holiday season from the Ardo Da Vinci and Marie Curie Marco Polo and John Adams you can access all forty-seven exceptional stories whenever you want. And here's the best part you. You don't even have to do anything these episodes are already in your feet. And don't forget you can hear new episodes of historical figures every other Wednesday checkout checkout more podcast shows on spotify by searching for par cast in the spotify search bar or by going to spotify dot com slash. PODCAST now back to the life of Cleopatra as Cleopatra Cooled off in exile Toll Oh Lemay the thirteenth tried his hand global politics. He had his chance when Rome descended onto. Its first wave of civil war with would be dictator. Julius Caesar Aligned Aligned against the lauded Roman General pompey Caesar pushed pompey out of Rome and the generals retreat landed him in Egypt. Cleopatra had predicted correctly likely thirteen-year-old told me wanted to play with the big boys so when pompey got off his ship Ptolemy the thirteenth arrested him and then in front of pompey's vs wife and children the Pharaoh ordered the beheading of the infamous Roman Ptolemy thought. Such a bold move would win favor with Julius. Caesar it did the opposite also while pompey had become his enemy. Cesar was a Patriot in his heart and found the foreign execution. Distasteful and heartbreaking in response. Caesar himself stormed armed into Alexandria. Easily assuming command in the wake of Cleopatra and PTOLEMIES power struggle with a new man in charge one freed from petty concerns about Tradition Cleopatra devised a way to make her way back into power as Caesar took up residence in the Royal Hall of the Pharaohs Cleopatra Found aid from her old loyal servants servants rolled herself up into an ornate rug and was hand delivered into Caesar's chamber and place it there. I'll set it up myself. What Cory I figured you might be pleased leased to receive a gift such as me roll the content is surely welcome but the motivation must be questioned? Helped me stand. At least I trust. You have no hidden blade. Look Look at me Mighty Caesar where would I hide such thing. My Name Cleopatra. The seventh the laboratory rightful ruler of Egypt the exiled queen. I come and go as I please somehow. I doubt this shouldn't I as a Roman you of all all men should understand the struggle for viable leadership. I assume you've met my brother. The killer of pompey boy without a head took a true Romans for his own. Unforgivable forgivable bet is still under consideration consider no more Julius. Caesar I bring you your answer in the form of woman. Your words carry little logic. Hasn't as of yet but still. I feel purpose radiate from you as opposed to the cold sweaty desperation of your kin. You need only look upon my little brother to see weakness. Tell me do I carry any of his look in me no I see fire it solidifies. My core I've been told by many men I was born to be made into monuments assured self fluttering has never rung so true to my ears. I know the secret of Beauty Caesar Without Him Bishen without passion that wisdom there is no such thing as beauty. Life is not lived for statues or stone stone can barely really captured true essence. The greatest among us have so many monuments made because artists cannot help but attempt to capture if liquoring second of our lifelong fire and do you see such essence in any but yourself that is my final wonder I was carried here in a bundle of dust. And would you believe someone like me would be subjected to such treatment. If I did not believe that together my Caesar we could make such fine monument. It was nothing but charm. Cleopatra seduced the greatest man in Roman history to her side in forty eighty seven BC. Exactly nine months after first meeting. Cleopatra gave birth to Caesar's son Ptolemy Caesar the merging of two great families. His nickname was cessarion. Which meant little Caesar? She was twenty. One and Caesar was fifty two but with the birth of Caesarian. Cleopatra Sealed her alliance. Julius backed her claim against told me the thirteenth. This was the final violent reckoning of the PTOLEMAIC LINE PTOLEMY The thirteenth the raised an army against his sister and the Roman Cleopatra's last surviving sister arsenault fed up with her sisters plotting and perhaps fearful for her own life down. The rhode chose to stand with Ptolemy and the tradition that entailed with Arsenal's leadership a great aid to Tolmie. Caesar's forces became trapped in the city during an event that became known to history as the siege of Alexandria. It took Caesar some time to rally reinforcements. He captured Ptolemy. But the other side traded did the Pharaoh for Arsenault. Cleopatra promptly threw her traitorous sister into confinement while Ptolemy went against his word and continued the conflict when Caesar. You're finally broke the siege. He faced off against Ptolemy the thirteenth on the Nile. The site of Pompey's murder in defeated him once and for all as is is ships burned in the river. Cleopatra watched her brother drown. Caesar declared Cleopatra and her youngest and final brother told me the fourteenth eighteenth core regions yet this time we patras dominance was guaranteed in forty seven BC accompanied by both. The infant's is sorry on and Ptolemy the fourteenth followed Caesar back to Rome for the first time. This was a scandalous decision. On their part as Caesar was already married to California Yeti still housed his foreign mistress in his country home. Caesar went so far. As to erect a statue of Cleopatra. As Isis in the temple of Venus in the middle of the Forum Julian Tantamount to declaring her a Roman icon. She would continue to come visit him over the next three years solidifying her status in in Roman Society and angering the senators like Cicero and Cassius. Who Oppose Caesar's growing control and influence? This was already a momentous time with the defeat of pompey Caesar send it to another level eventually becoming consul without any sort of CO console breaking Roman tradition and establishing himself as essentially dictator for life. Cleopatra still held some power over him for instance after she introduced him to her astrologer. Caesar updated the Roman calendar is a hybrid with Egypt's creating what is essentially our modern Western calendar yet. Not every sweet. Nothing Cleopatra whispered in his ear worked its magic. Her primary concern was directed towards Caesarians Future Cleopatra. My Love I received word but it was locked in ceaseless debate with the tiresome. CICERO CATO's demise has only urge these fools onward in their campaign against me. I received word of my own regarding your nephew. Octavian do you choose is to oppose my decision. Making I come from a land where blood flows from the gods to the rulers. I only assumed the same would be true under the leadership of a man such as yourself octavian Venus my nephew cesare on your son a ridiculous name for a boy. He's already enough of a controversy as is. Would you like me to name you Queen Green of Rome as well. I've never asked for such a thing you know I haven't wolf you're with would eat you alive and I need to breathe it sometimes. I you get the feeling I am little but a stepping stone to you. Do not pretend I am anything but an after thought to you. I do not mind it Julius. I know I can never truly live in Rome but why would i Alexandria is Migrate Kingdom. I only seek to unify empowered. Both you seek a world order that the world is not ready to sustain. Do not not plan to wait on the world to catch up. My job is to lead is not our purpose or if you lost that too in the fog of your own power woman woman. Do not leave me here. That's why I'm leaving this empire. Julius and taking our son back to the one. He is suited to Cleopatra broke. Caesar's hard heart but before her carriage had left Rome her ex lover was assassinated by his own. Senators perhaps feeling inspired when she returned to Alexandria. Cleopatra proceeded to poison the final brother Ptolemy little fourteenth eighteenth died before he even reached puberty in all honesty knowing the reach of her ambition. Such a quiet fate was probably a mercy to the boy doing what Caesar would not ought Cleopatra Name so sorry on her co region the horace to her isis she prepared to raise him as the ultimate successor to both the Western and eastern eastern worlds. It was a perfect arrangement for Cleopatra's ruling style. Her Co regent was still swaddled in babies cloth and was completely under her control so she began again to make some big political moves. And the I was siding with this Assyrian side in the renewed Roman civil war while brutus and Cassius raged against the status this quo the new Roman triumvirate controlled mainly by Caesar's best friend in general Mark Antony and his heir apparent Octavian thought to hold onto the old Rome in forty one BC. Cleopatra is called before Mark Antony in Tarsus a city in Modern Day Turkey Console Antony Cleopatra of Egypt comes before you today Gods are excused. Lethal with me yes please gods I see so you come with Your charm in tact not to mention a grand parade at your back did I. I do not even notice such things anymore. I.
"general mark antony" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM
"And farmed today. Let's start with one of the best known stories how the ancient Egyptian Queen care patron once thought to win a bet against her lover the Roman general, Mark Antony that she could throw the most expensive banquet ever. She did it said the story as by dissolving, a huge and expensive Powell and glass of wine or vinegar, and then drinking it, but is it a myth that oppo will dissolve, if you put it in vinegar, who is it true? Well, one of my guess, today, the right of Finley, author of Jews. A secret history has gamely agreed to try and emulate Cleopatra for us say we gained to put a glass of ordinary red wine vinegar on the studio table, and Victoria. You've brought along a little natural Pearl. It's really tiny isn't it funny? What about ten millimetres long and really beautiful? They are you. Absolutely. Sure, you want to risk the experiment. It's a Tennessee river, Pearl, which is one of the places where. Legal to, to get them in the United States in the United States, and it is not a cultured problem. We're going to be talking about coaching Polston natural. It's come out of a muscle and this story is that Marcantoni Roman general and Cleopatra. Egyptian Queen were floating like crazy in thirty two BC, and they were out doing tether say they had a little bit as to who is going to give the most important dinner party. Mark Antony, went first and goodness knows he did a lot of wonderful food most expensive food. That was valuable Cleopatra served. Just a very simple supper. And then she took her very expensive, Pote earing. And she dropped it in wine or vinegar. And then according to the story it fizzed up. Up and she drank kitchen and she worked she won the bat. Well, we're going to see what happens here. So let's put the pile in this wind. Gloss can hear from the tinkle have very tiny it is. And now we have some red wine vinegar. Let's pour it in. This is a bit terrifying. Really? We can see in the cost of the program, what happens and we'll come back periodically to report on what has happened to our poor little poll doused in vinegar. But in the meantime, let me introduce my two other panelists Beatrice shadow Sampson is a jewelry historian, Carita and author of a monograph on pal history. And joining us from the United States is Molly wash. Professor of history at the university of Pittsburgh, an author of American Barack polls, and the nature of empire. Let's stay with the ancient Romans, who clearly loved pearls. It said that one of the reasons that Julius Caesar invaded Britain who say he could get his hand on fresh water. Pearls from Scottish rivers. He's not right. Victoria. It's extraordinary story. Isn't it? You'd have thought that he would have wanted mineral wealth ten but no, he wanted the polls he loved polls. He was known for being able to weigh a Pearl in his hand and know exactly what the value. You was in Roman times, pose were Representative Venus. So therefore, as you can imagine if you were very wealthy Roman. It was something to give to your girlfriends, and Julius Caesar at one point gave to sevillia, who was. In fact, the mother of Marcus Brutus he'd like to kill him, but he gave her a Pearl that was worth sixty thousand gold pieces, which is five times the amount that was given as rents and fatigue diseases in life. And the thing that he knew about Britain was that we had the most beautiful river piles available if amazing isn't it because you don't think about Britain is being a destination to go to for poll these days, but that was the case way back then two thousand years pre pollution and pre mass fishing times. Yes at about the same time as the Roman empire polls were a global fashion for the rich and famous in Asia to weren't. They Beatrice who with our biggest fans. In India, there were great fans of polls, and through India polls also traded with China. The Chinese emperors had a great love for polls, and it wasn't long before the Arab traders by the eighth century AD. We're going pass the Roman time even had PO Fisher is in Sri Lanka. What is today Sri Lanka salon, and they had their base there and fisheries that even shipwrecks from the ninth century AD where they found fourteen thousand POWs and this isn't it right Beatrice that it's also possible that the Chinese have invented an early version of producing culture Paul's hundreds and hundreds of years with Japanese became famous for it. Well, they understood what mother PO was. So what they did is they had a little bit of figures, which they just inserted inside the show, and then they would then continue placing mother Pearl on it. She, she never a form, which is, maybe the early start of this, but not the culture poll that we know today. Well, here we are just a few minutes into this full route from the BBC World Service, and we've already heard about several different types of Powell's freshwater ones from rivers and saltwater ones from seasons. And then there are natural and cultured Powell's. So perhaps it's time to sort out the Powell basics Victoria. Let's be clear, natural powers of the ones that are formed naturally in office without human intervention, and they are actually very rare on bay. They are, and to have perfect one's a particularly rare. So there are uneven polls, which Cooper rock pose, but you could open a lotta voice voices thousands of oyster, and you could just find three or four natural pose. Molly tennis, where historically, the main beds or two beds for natural polls would have been and how they were obtained you. So you can find them really all over the world. They occur naturally. But also, of course, as we were just discussing in river muscles. You can find Pearl's wherever there are bivalves, then they're particularly famous beds in the Persian Gulf in the Red Sea off the coast of Sri Lanka in my case. My own area of interest is in the Americas and the Caribbean. There were enormous or stir reefs off the coast of South America, but they can be found anywhere. And I actually once took a spoonful of clam chowder off the North Carolina coast in the states and felt something gritty. And lo and behold, it was a tiny Pearl. Wow. So they can they can be found at where you least expect them like your dinner, and what did you do with your little? Well, I was already working already studying the history of the Pearl trade. And so you can imagine what would have been perhaps for someone else. A moment of her was for me moment of total, delight the Pearl and kept it. Of course, washed it and kept it in my goodness. I could find..
"general mark antony" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM
"A symbol of romance. And love. Passion. And then. Cleopatra has been glorified. And all they are. By writers from Shakespeare Shaw. Here still remains a mystery tunnel shrinks. That was the patra conjured up by the Hollywood director Cecil b demille in his nineteen thousand four epic film. And I wonder what image the name Cleopatra brings to your mind. The female Egyptian leader whose devastating beauty seduced. Some of the most powerful leaders in the Roman empire. The ruthless killer who murdered her and relatives to get ahead. Perhaps the tragic lover who took her in life using the bite from poisonous snake- the midst which have grown up around care Patras since her eventful life in the first century BC, vivid an alluring that they seem to have taken on a life of their own. So who was the historical figure of care patra, and how far removed is that historical reality from the symbol passed down into popular culture. I'm Bridget KENDALL. And on today's edition of the forum from the BBC World Service. We're going to pick some of the most common Cleopatra myths to build a picture of the real Queen of Egypt. One of. The most powerful female realize in the ancient world and to do this. We brought together. Three experts to help us separate out fact from fiction, they are Christian Greco director of the museum jitsu or Egyptian museum interior in Italy. Joyce Till's Lee reader in Egyptology of the university of Manchester in the UK and here in the studio, I'm joined by Maria white professor of Latin at University College London. And can I start by asking each of you briefly why you think the character of Cleopatra has captured the imagination of so many people across the world and over so many centuries. What's her earlier Maria? Well, I would say that she was the hugely powerful ruler. Over a fabulously. Antique kingdom, and she was caught up in a Roman story about seductiveness debauchery and death. And so we tend to fall in love with her like the Romans did. But also since the twentieth century we've wanted actually to capture her back from that Roman story to return her to her status as a powerful ruler. Where do you think Joyce? I agree anything to do with ancient Egypt is fascinating to his anyway is an exotic land. There's vast wealth involved in the story political power, this passion, and my staff, and we also start to realize as Maria just said underneath this story. There's another story that sort of fighting to get out what's the real Cleopatra, and we would all really like to solve that mystery Christian. What about you the story of this woman will threaten the big leaders of Rome as just? Fascinated our mind so is ancient Egypt a country with more than three thousand years of history. When Cleopatra is on the stage dealing with Rome. The new power who will conquer the Mediterranean. We'll pick apart some of these different stories in a moment. But first, let's remind ourselves of some of the key moments in her life. Joyce. Can I ask you briefly when was Cleopatra born, and what sort of family was she born into? She was probably born in seventy BC, and she was born in the Ptolemaic dynasty towards the end of it. And the Ptolemies were Greek originally, they weren't Egypt. So it's a ruling fondly who've got to Greek origin ruling, ancient Egypt ruling from city called Alexandria, which they've built as their capital city Maria Cleopatra's father was the twelfth wasn't. He died. We think in fifty one when she was eighteen years old. So how did Patrick come to take the throne? Would it looks as if she may have even ruled temporarily at the same time as her father in anticipation of succession, and then was able to take the throne after his death. And this also tradition of Royal incestuous, marriages, right? That's right. It's conventional to have a code ruler. Usually in a brother sister relationship. It sounds incredible. But was very common in the world is a way of ensuring the power remained within within the blood as you might say Christian what sort of country was Egypt at the time. And what state was it in when Cleopatra became ruler? And then co-ruler with her young, brother. What was a very interesting country. We should just briefly remember that in three hundred thirty two BC Alexander, the great conquered Egypt, and from that time, onwards, Egypt transformed Alexandria became the new capital. And it becomes a capital of the. Hellenistic words of the Greek word where the books of the very important writers of the past have collected worse chorus calm. So we're seeing are within religion. How somehow the new Greek culture kind of goes together with the ancient tradition of religion. Which was there already for three thousand years and Egypt would have been important. Also for the new rolling power of Rome for the production of grain grain would be needed for Rome for trips for the military and Egypt could provide this kind of good. Well, can you purchase power sharing arrangement with her younger brother quickly dissolved and an open civil war break out between them and Maria. It was around this time that Julius Caesar consul of the Roman Republic became involved in this story will indeed he did from his point of view. He was engaged in a civil war for dominance in Italy. And in pursuit of that civil war. He had been fighting against a colleague called Pompey Pompey had escaped to Egypt and Julius Caesar came off to him. He arrived to find a civil war going on in Egypt itself between Cleopatra and her younger brother Cleopatra had now, in fact, being exiled from Judy seizes point of view. It was probably the matter. Relative indifference who was on the throne of Egypt, so long as Rome could exercise authority over the kingdom for all. The reasons that Krisztian has mentioned about rooms needs for grain food supplies resources. So Cleopatra had to smuggle herself. In to see. Judy Caesar persuaded him over some days, shall we say to put her restored on the throne, which he did. And he stayed there in Alexandria with her for about nine months before he left, and she was by then pregnant with their son caesarian, indeed after Caesar left Alexandria in forty seven BC Cleopatra had a son whom she claimed to Caesar's, a nickname. Tim caesarian will little Caesar and the following year Caesar invited. Cleopatra to Rome, and she was still there. Two years later when Caesar was famously assassinated by group of Republican senators on the eye of March Circe Apache returned to Egypt in stalled her son caesarian as regent to getting rid of her second card region brother and then in forty one. She met another very important figure the Roman general Mark Antony you had summoned her to meet him at Tarsus in modern day Turkey Joyce, this famous pairing would have profound implications for the region, wouldn't it? Yes. It would do you have to look at this. I think from Cleopatra's point of view that she'd formed a good close allowance with Julius Caesar all was going. Well, and then suddenly it all goes wrong. Because Julius Caesar is assassinated, which is not something that could have foreseen. So she suddenly left without the protection that she's put in place for herself her family and for Rome, some meeting Mark Antony someone who might be able to offer equal protection and take the place of Julius Caesar is a really important thing for her. And it's a really important thing for reject as well. And they quickly became lovers and Cleopatra gave birth to twins. Yes. And then another son. Yes, she did. Yes. That's a Cleopatra itself. This was very important because she was making sure that her dynasty would survive beyond death. They also the two of them made a political alliance. Didn't they forming a team against Antony's rival Octavian? Yes, here I think Cleopatra's probably made a calculated decision that if she's going to back either, Octavian company. Mark Antony is the better bet. He's the better general, and she knows them they got on really well together. So this is a decision that she's made. I think love might come into it. We we quite often thing did do. But it seems to be a very calculating political decision that she will go on his side and Andrew this battle for power with his political rival octave. Ian, finally came to a head in the battle of activism in thirty one BC when Antony and Cleopatra's combined forces met in a famous battle off the coast of Greece. Octavian decisive victory led him to become Augustus the first emperor of the Roman empire, so Christine. Tell us briefly what then happened to Antony and Cleopatra. Well, both Anthony and Cleopatra is caped battle employed by shipped back to Egypt. The following year end to NATO his own life by stabbing himself in the stomach and Cleopatra attempted to make a deal with Octavian when he arrived in Egypt, but when this failed Cleopatra killed herself in around thirty BC. At the age of thirty nine, and this is something which has been represented, many time in all kinds of paintings, and describing literature when Cleopatra killed herself. By the poison of a snake Octavian also killed Cleopatra Souness caesarian. And so all in a sudden de independence, let's say of the kingdom of Egypt and Ptolemaic DC comes to an end in Egypt becomes part of the bigger power, which will then become the empire of Rome. Well, thank you for that whistle-stop tour three most important moments of Cleopatra's short, but eventful life. Let's look more closely at some of the most commonly held perceptions of her that come up time, and again in the hundreds of stories and plays and paintings and films about her, and let's begin with one of the most pervasive ideas about Cleopatra that of her legendary beauty. She was a woman of surpassing beauty. And at that time when she was in the prime of her youth. She was most striking. She also possessed a most charming voice and a knowledge of how to make yourself agreeable to everyone. Being brilliant to look upon and to listen.