22 Burst results for "French army"
The Hippie Trail Killer Charles Sobhraj
"We're all born with the need to be nurtured and loved we cry out for our parents when we're hurt or when we're scared for those whose please go unheard however, the desire for affection is sometimes unbearable and can lead down a dark road. Charles Sobhraj. Never felt the love and support of a stable family. He was born in the spring of nineteen forty four in Saigon French Indochina better known today as Vietnam. His mother was a shop girl named Chen Lang Fun who went by Noy and his father Hotan Chun Sobhraj was a wealthy Indian textile merchants but the union wasn't to last when Charles was only. Two years old noise took her son away from Hotan after learning he had another wife back in India. Fortunately, for Noye, she found a new start with French army Lieutenant Alfons Doro they fell in love and married in nineteen forty eight when Charles was four but Charles wanted nothing to do with his new stepfather and long to be reunited with coach and his real family. He got his wish in one, thousand, nine, hundred, forty, nine when they moved to France with Alphonse and sent five year old Charles to live with his father. But the reunion didn't go as Charles expected just like his mother Ho Chun had remarried and started a new family amidst the growing number of half siblings. Charles struggled to compete for hotel son's attention and felt unbearably neglected. Vanessa's going to take over and the psychology here, and throughout the episode please note Vanessa is not a licensed psychologist or psychiatrist, but she has done a lot of research for this show thanks Greg unlike some of the serial killers we've discussed in the past Charles never faced physical or sexual abuse. Instead, he endured a different kind of childhood trauma. He was ignored in favor of his half brothers and sisters according to psychiatrist Bruce, Perry, feelings of parental neglect can lead to increased aggression and cruelty. He adds that one of the most disturbing elements of this aggression is that it is often accompanied by a detached cold lack of empathy. Charles started showing signs of this developing aggression over the next three years. He joined a gang of street thugs who attacked and robbed on spending tourists. Unsurprisingly, his criminal activity didn't win his father's affection. In fact, when Noyon Alfons returned to Saigon in nineteen fifty to poach on sent eight-year-old Charles. His mother it's likely that the feeling of being unwanted by both parents haunted Charles for the rest of his life. In Saigon, Charles was still a handful. So in an attempt to curtail the unruly behaviour, Stepfather Alfonse formally adopted Charles, but it made no difference. The young boy was beyond caring about the acceptance of his family worse as he got older Charles started showing signs of Machiavelli Anisim the psychological trait based around manipulation and his favourite victim was his half brother. Andre. Andre, idolized his older brother which made him. The perfect target for Charles's machinations when Charles was ten years old, he convinced two year old Andre to steal from a shopkeeper when the toddler was caught under a confessed to their mother that Charles put him up to it to which Charles proudly scoffed I can always find an idiot to do what I want. It was clear to know that something had to be done before things got out of hand. So in. Fifty Nine Nov moved the family from Saigon to Marseille hoping the change would help to manage Charles's behaviour and further his education she enrolled the fifteen year old and an agricultural school, but it didn't help though he did display an industrious nature that December Charles tried to make some pocket money by selling Christmas cards on the street but his sales tactics were aggressive. The troubled teen was arrested for threatening people with a knife when they refuse to buy his cards in another bid to reform her son noise secured Charles a job at a cafe in Paris perhaps, some menial Labor would straighten him out that year. Charles Bounce from one Parisian restaurant to. Another either working as a busboy or kitchen hand peeling vegetables and washing dishes Charles, hated the work. But no, he refused to let her son slide. He needed structure Charles moved up in the ranks of fine dining and near the end of nineteen sixty became a busboy at la, Cupola of favorite eatery for the Parisian elite according to journalist Thomas Thomson at La cooply. Charles caught glimpses of high society from his place in the back. Those few seconds is the kitchen door flapped open were enough to inspire Charles to strive for more to be rich like them,
"french army" Discussed on 860AM The Answer
"The job on the 10th. May And that is the day that Hitler begins his attack to the West. And that was so May the tents and France fell on June the 25th Right. So, uh, may June. It's about five weeks. And here's what Churchill says. Uh, he says. This is on a date is May 9th think his first public broadcast his prime minister We must not allow ourselves to be intimidated by the presence of these armored vehicles in unexpected places behind our lines. If they're behind us. Is there behind our front. The French are also at many points, fighting actively behind theirs. Both sides are therefore in an extremely dangerous position. And if the French army in our own army are well handled, I believe they will be The French retain that that genius for recovery and counter attack and the British, the dog had endurance and fighting power, of which they have been so famous. In a sudden transformation of the scene might spring. Right, So that's a hopeful paragraph. Now this is on on May 19th. And France has gone in five weeks from this day. And he says, he says That can't really happen. And you know he's been criticized for that right now. The speeches full of grave warnings. On so but you know he's got it. He's got to get him to fight. He's gotta mix. And when we come back from break, this is the theme of the day. What do you the fog of war and the fog of virus. Are very, very different, but they have some similarities. And those similarities are the same. Whether you're the president states where the President Hillsdale College, they're the same for every American and we're going to talk about him with. I saw coming online started comment.
Leaders: Gisle Rabesahala
"Today's leader was a celebrated politician and was devoted to fighting for freedom and her country. She lived through era's colonialism and independence. Let's talk about Giselle Raba. Saha Jeff just sell Roberts Hollow was born on May Seventh Nineteen Twenty Nine Antananarivo Madagascar at that point Madagascar was a French colony. Gazelles family was very politically involved. Her father was an officer in the French army so she spent most of her childhood moving between his different postings and France Tunisia and molly when he died in nineteen forty to Giselle and her family return to Madagascar ask are those. Zell initially dreamed of becoming a nun. She decided against it by the age of seventeen. She was deeply involved in politics herself in the mid nineteen forties. Some political leaders about a gas car led efforts to become independent failed to do so through legal channels some some became radicalized and decided to take more violent measures in nineteen forty seven. Malagasy nationalists armed mostly with spears attacked attack. French military bases across the island. It became known as the nineteen forty seven. Malagasy uprising in response the French French killed many of the nationals estimates from the French said be killed around eleven hundred Malagasy nationals while Malagasy estimates were way higher around one hundred thousand casualties. Giselle was actively involved in a campaign for the rights of political prisoners from the uprising. She fought to free thousands of prisoners. She gathered a committee to support. Prisoners families wrote news articles to attract international attention and worked with members of parliament. Element petitioned the French president. In nineteen fifty six Giselle became the first woman elected as a municipal councillor. She was also the the first woman to lead a Malagasy political party having founded a party called the Union of the Malagasy. People in Nineteen fifty-eight Giselle United. Five nationalist nationalist organizations to help the Congress party for the independence of Madagascar. After a series of revolts Madagascar gained full independence in nineteen sixty when France agreed to let it become autonomous. Giselle then shifted roles from General Secretary of the Congress Party three to Minister of Culture and revolutionary art in that role. She committed herself to protecting people's heritage. She founded a national library. Prairie in nineteen seventy nine oversaw. The publication fifty works in the Malagasy language restored more than twenty five national monuments organized artistic mystic competitions and create the Mala gase copyright office in one thousand nine hundred five. Her policies helped promote national creativity. Giselle served as minister stir of culture until Nineteen ninety-one ten years later. She was also appointed Deputy Speaker of the Senate in addition to her roles in government. Giselle Zell was also on the editorial board of Nationalist newspaper. That opposed French. Colonial rule for much of her life. Giselle never got married or had any children when she was asked about her decision not to do so. She said that she preferred to serve her country instead to Zell wraps a Halla passed away on June twenty-seventh seventh two thousand eleven one day after the fiftieth anniversary of Madagascar's independence. After her death local reporters described her as as mother courage. Mother of the nation.
J.F.C. Fuller: Military Thinker
"August Grist nineteen sixteen the Western Front. In the first World War the opposing armies had dug into entrenched positions stretching five five hundred miles across France and Belgium from the mountains to the sea barbed wire and machine. Guns meant that it was all but impossible for either side side to advance the Noble Cavalry long the most celebrated force in the army utterly useless. It was a murderous stalemate stalemate but a few miles behind the allied lines. Hundreds of people both civilians and British and French army officers. That brought picnics. Emma waiting patiently for a demonstration of Agra marketable invention it was pleasantly warm day and a quiet quiet spot if you tuned out the artillery of the Psalm battlefield thundering away beyond the horizon then. Another noise began to cut across that distant rumbling the Chug of a powerful engine the relentless metallic clattering of Caterpillar tracks carrying twenty eight tons of cannon armour-plating to walking pace. Everyone was talking and chatting when slowly came into sight. The first I tank I ever saw not a monster but very graceful machine with beautiful lines lozenge shaped but with too clumsy looking wheels behind it. That's major J F C fuller. He's the central figure in our story. He's thirty seven a small roll man with a neatly trimmed moustache. His hairline is retreating over his crown and beginning to March down the back of his hand. He could pass for a Buckler in a costume. Assume drama but beneath the surface of J F C fuller is an inner radicalism. Not long ago he'd been friends with the notorious. Torius occultist Alister Crowley Crowley called himself. A wizard one newspaper called him. The wickedest man in the world cavorting with self proclaimed walks is not the typical social pastime of a British army officer. But as we'll see that isn't even the strangest first thing about the life and the fate of J F C Fuller Fuller sees instantly this new machine. The tank is the solution to the basic tactical problem of the war of how to cross MoD and trenches and barbed wire against Storm of bullets. Nothing else has worked not even the novel atrocity of poison gas. But the tank will do the job. Bob And J. F C fuller concede that with absolute clarity. The tank is the unknown x in the equation of victory. All that is necessary is to get the people to see the problem but getting other people to see the problem was well. Perhaps that was the problem problem.
"french army" Discussed on KQED Radio
"The head of the French army is dismissing a claim by militants linked to isis that they're responsible for this week's deadly midair collision between two French military helicopters in Mali the collision left thirteen French soldiers dead the French army chief tells a radio interview in Paris no shots were fired at the helicopters it was the highest loss of life for the French military since in nineteen eighty three truck bombing in Beirut it killed fifty eight French paratroopers along with two hundred forty one members of the US military in the Philippines organizers of an athletic competition in Southeast Asia known as the sea games are facing criticism NPR's Julie McCarthy says venues around finished there's not enough food and accommodations around certain as the athletes begin arriving soccer player sleeping on floors other athletes left to the wrong hotel still others stranded at the airport raising eyebrows to is the one million dollar price tag for the cauldron holding the flame to be late Saturday netizens took to social media under hash tag such as C. games twenty nineteen fail president Rodrigo do territory is fuming over the logistical lapses concerned for the country's image as host of the biggest regional sporting event in Southeast Asia the president's office called for an investigation into the aberrations and irregularities and a blame game has erupted over who was responsible for the poor preparation of the event to that has cost a half a billion dollars in public money Julie McCarthy NPR news Manila Wall Street futures are on the.
Food Neighbourhoods: Beirut, Gemmayze
"Hello and welcome to Food Neighborhoods Monaco twenty four lawyer Marco's Hippie all these various the locals love for their food and drink think offering spanned in this series. We get to know these places this week. We are in gym as a popular delays back. Beirut district where boss with vaulted detailing sent cafes with French windows spill onto the pavement between Autumn Air Mentions and twentieth century apartment blocks our guys. It's morning Lisa. If you look to mcvay route you'll see Google street stretching east to west through the city but if he wants to obey Roussy where to find the thoroughfare gets a funny look the street is named after the French Army General Already Guru in early twentieth century colonial leader in Syria and Lebanon but no one cool said that instead it's referred to as Damazin also the name of the White House district. It's in Waco in for food filled stroll here today in the past fifteen years drinking and dining options as long as you have multiplied multi in the layers of millfield pastry. Stop the day just to the north in cafe and Mazzy down a set of stone insteps. This joint is popular with young students from the neighboring Arabic language school but its tracks people of all ages for me amnesty best in the morning winning customers can sit down quietly with free copies of the New York Times is what is the local English French and Arabic newspapers ultra wreck especial parties for Turkish coffee. The Lebanese slice at the Mediterranean is proudly caffeinated fill up on Lebanon. A fix is he yoga. Come Cheese Eastern. Brits and slices of Cucumber emerged from breakfast and head back to Jamaica Street at my the architecture detector look out for the Church of intensity striking modern facade soon. It's time for lunch the wait 'til suitably abrupt in the chef. Jamaica's name might shun historical ties with France but the services this restaurant plus the chink of a red wine glass on wooden wooden tables reminders of them. The chef happened in nine hundred sixty seven and is still the best place in Beirut to get an idea of Lebanese home cooking go for the comforting aubergine stew or lentil soup served with a squeeze of lemon at wine as you see fit next stop is obvious a cafe bar and bookshop all in one you'll find a changing salad menu carefully selected. Lebanese wines and a smooth AC a strong aniseed flavored spirit a softening segues into evening freelance workers in Jamaica's cafes snap the laptops shot and Ted. It's low let low key balls. Among the best is dragonfly where owner Nino Armani can define array of drinks. The GIN selection is particularly particularly appealing Lebanese right a proud of their food but if you feel queasy at thought of yet another Tabuchi offering bring the changes at electric electric things this ball come restaurant plans Asian ingredients and techniques with Middle Eastern staples nicely. The Green Salad has ponto addressing. I think the fish is suitably steamed and tonight at dinner about the popular hangout with journalists and Beirut's design community the crowd out spills onto the pavement as the evening progresses drink his head back to the bar every now and then for top ups of Iraq and apples spritz. Jamaica has long been a food and drink think favourite thanks to its easy going attitude in central Beirut location. One word unites the Arabic French and English all spoken here chairs Monaco Barrett. I'm Lucy Porter. This has been episode number one hundred and fifty two or food neighborhoods. Thanks Lizzie for today's tour in Beirut Sommese for more food and drink stories students the menu every Friday as twenty hundred London time. I am Marcus Hippie. Thanks affects policemen yet by phone now.
Celebrate Mexico's True National Holiday with Mole
"Most of your listeners have never heard reference to September sixteenth because in the US at least at Cinco de Mayo the fifth of May made that Inspires Tequila fueld partying but and this is never normally the case. This is an example of where Americans are kind of getting it wrong about about another culture right. Cinco de Maya celebrates a military victory over Napoleon's French army in eighteen sixty two and it is yes celebrated in Mexico but it celebrated with a military parade. It's not a huge deal. September sixteenth on the other hand. That's the real national holiday Mexican Independence Day and with the National Holiday Holiday comes holiday food traditional dish to how during September sixteen is the Chilean because of the colors of the reds and the Greens and the whites and it's in that season is when you have the best Liz Jewison Nagata is a dish of chilies stuffed with meat dried fruits and nuts. It's topped with a creamy white walnut sauce and sprinkled with pomegranates grandma and herbs. It's very delicious and it's green red and white like the flag but it's not the only delicious thing your typical Independence Day party Mexicans uh-huh we'll make lots of and to heaters those little snack foods like bananas and Tamales and those will likely include something that is perhaps the true national dish of Mexico Moulay. It's always around Melissa dish. That's there to celebrate lie in celebrity death. It is one of those dishes that are that. It's just always going to be there. This episode is all about that party. Essential Moulay and this podcast is gastropod the Butkus that looks at food it through the Lens of Science and history. I'm Nichole twilly and I'm Cynthia Graber and right now. I am dreaming about the molay eight basically every day. I was in Oaxaca in the south of Mexico but for those of you not familiar with molay. It's an indigenous dish or is it okay but it's a sauce well that part is not clearcut either but at least it's Mexican Mexican yes and also know this sounds like a guest robot episode to me and it
"french army" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins
"Yes. So seventeen Ninety-three Bonaparte now twenty four year old officer in the French army sent to southern France in December to take back from the allied troops. The French port of LAN harbor the allies consisted that time of troops from Britain Spain Naples, Sicily Sardinia, French loyalists, the French army consisted of around thirty two thousand troops the allies had about twenty two thousand soldiers, plus thirty seven British ships, thirty two Spanish ships and a few others. And while young Napoleon was not the highest ranking officer when he arrived historians noted. It was obvious. He was the superior officer in terms of military, mental might some stories go as far as saying the other officers into lawn were completely inept compared to Napoleon. He began to lay out a strategy to retake the fort his superiors were initially skeptical of the plan until another. For more qualified officer came in looked at it. And basically said oh shit. Oh shit. This good this good. We work with this. Oh, give me a rock hard war Boehner right now. And they went with the police method in the enforce allied. Soldiers were killed at least ten of the British navy ships were destroyed while an anchor to save the rest of their fleet the allies retreated the French lost about two thousand soldiers in a number of their own ships. But they won they won the battle. Napoleon himself was wounded in the leg by a bayonet. But but victory again was his his plan worked and a little fame started his bread is him being the the hero of the day in this this battle, and I find it interesting that he he clearly didn't just plan the battle and then sit back and watch the fighting. I mean that doesn't happen. If you get wounded in leg with a bayonet. An unnamed sergeant of the Royal Irish Regiment, fighting on behalf of the British was the person who stabbed him dude was a musket lengths away. And since the polling didn't die that day. I'm guessing that do did sources don't say, but it's pretty easy to infer that game. It can you imagine having that life experience guy running at you in the heat a battle. There's muskets firing by the thousands cannons firing continually from the surrounding land from the ships.
"french army" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins
"Wow. What a epic giant war, man. I'm I'm tired. I'm just been talking about it. I know it wasn't made as many jokes as usual in this one. But jeez, it's just it just fell to confusing to take too many tangents in this already so complicated and complex suck. This isn't like someone's life. You know, you can just follow us a long series of many developments lead to along very complex, so many multifaceted battles war, and we still glossed over so very much. But but I hope I didn't make it to complicate. And I hope it didn't make it overly simplified. Hopefully, most you'd understand World War One a lot better. Now. I know I do I didn't I I really don't know shit about it before this this war that ended one hundred years ago hundred years ago and one day ago. Exactly when this episode has released the casualties suffered by the participants in World War One dwarf those of previous wars. I mean, this is unreal. Some eight and a half million soldiers died as a result of wounds and or disease the greatest number of casualties of wounds reflected by our Tillery, followed by small-arms, then poison gas the bayonet which was relied on by the prewar. French army is the decisive weapon actually produced few casualties. A war was increasingly mecca. From nineteen fourteen on and produce casualties. Even when nothing important was happening. Even a quiet day in the western front. Many, you know, hundreds of allied and German soldiers with die the heaviest loss of life or a single day Kurt on that yet July first nineteen sixteen. We talked about the battled Assam when the British army suffer nearly sixty thousand casualties checkup these country by country total number of soldiers killed and these numbers changed, by the way. When you go from reports report just because it is it's guestimations. They didn't have exact numbers Russia though. One point seven million soldiers killed another five million wounded British. They gave over nine hundred thousand soldiers lives to the war over two million. More wounded France lost over one point three million young men over four million more wounded, Italy sacrifice six hundred and fifty thousand of their young men and nearly a million more wounded Romania gave over three hundred and thirty thousand sons and brothers another one hundred and twenty thousand wounded forty five thousand Serbians died fighting over one hundred and thirty thousand more of them wounded the. United States lost over one hundred fifteen thousand young men in more than two hundred thousand others were wounded, and these are just some of the allied countries losses. I mean, look at the central powers Germany lost over one point seven million soldiers lives with over four million more wounded Austria, Hungary, lost one point two million soldiers lives over three point six million wounded Turkey loss, three hundred twenty five thousand men another four hundred thousand one to Bulgaria lost eighty seven thousand five hundred men over one hundred and fifty thousand others wounded altogether over again, over eight point five million soldiers died some stories actually place that number closer to ten million over twenty one million others wounded, another seven point seven million other taken prisoner or gone missing. Plus an additional seven million civilians were killed the total number of both civilian and military casualties. Estimated to be around thirty seven forty million people the entire combined population of everyone washed in Idaho, Oregon, Utah and Montana. All dead another twenty million wounded. Wow. Wow. Wow. Wow. Wow. Thanks for taking a second taking thanks to a couple hours. The listeners episode, you know, one hundred years after all this ended long after everyone who involved who was involved in it died, truly hope all their souls rest in peace..
"french army" Discussed on AM 970 The Answer
"Three million Germans put hundred eight hundred thousand Hungarians put under check rule thousand Ruthenians and a hundred thousand poles as soon as the Germans got back on their feet. They demanded to take back all the territories should have been taken away from them. And they said, look, we we agreed to an armistice in nineteen eighteen on the basis of the team points, the right of self-determination taking all these German lands and German people and dole them out to other countries. And we're going to get him back. To if you listen to Pat Buchanan, there, it becomes very clear and all of what he said, you can look up. You don't take his word for it. It becomes very clear that you really can't study one war without the other. You really can't look at World War One without looking at World War Two and vice versa. And somebody that found that out the hard way was the president of false Emmanuel may call who waded into some controversy a couple of days ago because he praised a general who helped win World War One that general is Philippe pertain. So during World War One pertain led the French army. To victory at the nine month long battle of Verdun. And then he was appointed commander in chief and succeeded basically in repairing the the whole confidence of the French army he remained in command throughout the war and emerged as a national hero. He was the head of the after the war ended World War One. He was the head of the peace time French army. He commanded joint Franco Spanish operations during the riff war and was a leading minister in the government. So a real heroes women. There's a memorial to him in front of our building. Because he was once honoured with a ticker tape parade. So then World War Two happens and pertain becomes a Nazi collaborator. And he is despised essentially for his complicity in the holocaust. So may say he took what I thought was a very mature position. He said, quote, I pardon nothing. But I race nothing of our history. He go-. He goes on to say, obviously, he said it in French marshal Petain was also a great soldier during World War One. Even though he made fatal choices during the second World War. Very true. So these remarks that he made on Wednesday struck a really struck a chord in France. And so a lot of people criticized him, not just I that's all he said that's only set. Now, they ended up not honoring him yesterday at the ceremony in France. Because of all the controversy that his remarks on Wednesday called that Macron's remarks on Wednesday called caused. One person said Francis Francis leading Jewish organization issued searing criticism ever Macron's stance in their president said I am shocked by the statement by Macron pertain was the person who allowed the deportation of seventy six thousand French Jews to death camps. He goes on to say, it was an insult that a French president could honor pertain on the same level as the other generals. So even even this president of this French Jewish group, though acknowledged the marshalls pivotal role in winning World War One. Which earned pertain, the nickname, the lion of noon. So now Duff hike in for instance, and mayor de Blasio at one time have said they wanted to rip up the memorial that's in front of our building. Now. Because of what this guy did during World War Two. It remains. It's still there as all the ticker tape parade recipients are and I'm curious.
"french army" Discussed on 850 WFTL
"Book is the unknown. This is the untold story of America's unknown soldier buried in Arlington cemetery, November eleven nineteen twenty one. And the body back. The men who are chosen by the military to take the casket to its final resting place. We're going through the eight body bears who participated that day November eleventh and also their combat and their risk describes the American effort in the great war. You will recall that America's stayed out of the war. And that will Joe Wilson was reelected too proud to fight in one thousand nine hundred sixty soon afterwards having to do with the machinations of the empires that were bleeding themselves to death in Europe. Woodrow Wilson was provoked by the Germans declaring an unrestrained submarine warfare against all neutrals, meaning sinking passenger liners American ships, friendships anything they could kill because the Germans were starving to death. The British navy had enforced a blockade these many years, and the Germans were. Eating onions if they could find. So it was the decision of the Kaiser knowing this would provoke the Americans to take the risk thinking that the Americans could not get men to Europe fast enough in order to stop what he knew would be the German offensive of nineteen eighteen Russia's out of the war in nineteen seventeen. So they move all of their troops. That have been fighting a two front war to launch the offensive that the American stop in June and July and August of nineteen eighteen Patrick's book takes us into the Americans throwing themselves into the line to support. And in most cases, replace the broken and fleeing French army broken and fleeing Patrick it's worth mentioning here that as the Americans we've talked about the marines coming in. But the army as well the field artillery is the Americans come into line in the summer of nineteen eighteen they see that the French army is no longer fighting and will. Not fight. It is at least at bellawood. It was not fighting. And then it sort of reconstitute itself at Soissons and his his is much more of a stable force. But initially. Yeah, it was in fighting, and it was the American the presence of these American troops had an enormous morale-boost as well as tactical position that they provided by blocking this offensive. I want to be a little more severe the Americans. The Australians Canadians are the offense of units that cracks the Hindenburg line in the summer and fall of nineteen eighteen it's not it's the fresh Australian troops the fresh fresh Canadian troops because the British are also exhausted. And the Americans are not only are launching a offensive, but they have a million and coming behind them. Yes. I mean, this is an extraordinary story that's told it in in the unknowns. It's the story of going from two hundred and twenty thousand regular troops in one thousand nine hundred seventeen to over four million men at arms in one thousand nine hundred eighty two million of them in Europe. Yes, it's a say ordinary story building this incredible army. There's a flood coming which is part of the political calculation. The Germans must make here. Can they stop the Americans? So we go we've we've talked of the marines at bellawood and the field artillery at Soissons, we turn now to a man named Sanders company. A second engineers born in medicine, bow Wisconsin, and he is striking and most importantly in striking because he's one of ten thousand native Americans who participated in the first war. Yes. I mean, the story of native Americans in the first four is sort of a forgotten story as well. In fact, many of these native Americans weren't even American citizens at the time, they they will have been deprived of that by the constitution. You will all recall the one that was signed in the eighteenth century. It had not been at this point corrected. Yes. But interestingly enough the stereotype of the American injury Indian as the ultimate warrior kind of holds up in the American army. They're put in some of the most dangerous positions in the American army as runners or as reconnaissance Sanders is an engineer their job. He's an he's a combat engineer. But he's not there to build things. He's there to blow things up or to breach the line. And this is the forlorn hope of the of World War One. He's given wire cutters and told the snip individual strands of mountains of barbed wire to breach it to make a hole to allow the advancing troops to break through. He's present at the big battle that is to come the Musar calm before and during and after Musar gone, they send the combat engineers in. I I know this very well. Patrick knows it very well. Because my father was a combat engineer. The second wars, and we talked to him on the sixtieth anniversary his job on d day was the gap assault team thirteen to breach the German obstacles auto Mahal beach. That's exactly the job. Sanders has he wasn't landing in a landing craft. He's to go in front of the salt battalions on his belly. I can imagine and cut the wires. So not only the infantry can come through. But also the tanks. Absolutely. His first real action is my fights at bellawood any fights this was on. But his first significant action is at San Miguel where the Americans go on the offensive to reduce a salient that had been created there. Since the beginning of the war and Saunders is pushed out front along with one other September. Yes. And I pushed out front to breach the barbed wire and the German commander on the other side is given orders to all of his men to shoot any if they ever site Indians on contact immediately and focus all cyber fire on them. So he's really a target. If he's if he's able to be on if they identify him, but he's out there in front, and he's just, you know, sustaining sniper fire artillery fire, and he's cutting this wire, but they breached the wire the. You know, the infantry follows behind them, but they're out front. It's a small group to men, and they push into it toward San Mahal that San Mateo into the salient, and they they make their way into a small town where the there's a German strongpoint, which is actually an old French Chateau, and they enter the strong point. And they keep they start taking prisoners the small to men start taking prisoners I ten then fifteen eventually Saunders captures over sixty sixty three German prisoners. Singlehandedly Sanders is live he goes home. And he dies in nineteen forty seven. Patrick has provided. What we what we can know of the body bears. He lives almost entirely in the west and San Antonio, Texas, and he's buried at the Golden Gate national cemetery for anyone who is concerned about his fate and wants to go find a native American combat. Hero from the first war who was one of the body bears. Now, Harry Taylor also from the wild west and participating in the wild west division. Born nineteen o one fort Yellowstone, Wyoming is there are some regional sense of how they chose these men. Although I note that they all had to be within six feet tall. Right. That was that was one of the requirements, but it was general Pershing than actually had the final selection on all these men the army in in the navy in the Marine Corps cold through all the files in that was given to general Pershing to finally selected them. And then Pershing wanted a decorated heroes. But also he wanted to tell the story of the af through each of the branches of service. The army the navy the Marine Corps and then the combat specialization EFF's American. Expeditionary force was called the whole military commitment of by the United States. Right. And that's what these body bears. Do they provide us the story of the af through the? Individuals wild west division is the ninety first division. It also fought valiantly in the second war. My memory is the ninety. I know that was the ninetieth the breakout of Normandy. But September twenty six twenty seven the ninety first with its jumps off the three hundred and sixty second regiment, is is a Harry Taylor's regiment, plows into what is called the bloody Gulch. What is that? This is part of the muse Argonne offensive. And if you picture the scene I liked to look at it also been there. I have the same today. It's it's battle-scarred, and, you know, something else, but I mean World War One if you picture the opening scene of saving private Ryan. It was bunkered positions everywhere. And these are men that are going over the top with just ten Brodie helmets. No body armor in wool uniforms, and pushing forward into a hailstorm frontal assault fixed positions had been a quiet sector for years, the German. Were deeply dug in and the American Summerall was one of the American commanders in Pershing through division after regimen after company after battalion against machine gun positions that were deeply buried. Deeply buried, and it was all over open ground, and it was a bloodbath in the wild west divisions called that. Because most of these men were from the western states or Canadian. I mean, sorry Alaskan territory, these are loggers these guys that, you know, hunters and even some interestingly enough men from California. So there some Hollywood guys in this in this unit is well, you say that the assault on guests nee was suicide. It was it was a deeply held German strongpoint. These men had to go over nearly a mile of open ground just to get to the town and their machine gun, nests everywhere artillery that was fixed and these men had to cook it cross it. And it's it's it's an unbelievable story is the title of the chapter is the charge of the light brigade in Taylor was actually part of a mounted unit a headquarters unit within the the ninety first. And some points. The battle actually was on or spec. Sergeant Samuel would fill sergeant Samuel woodville who becomes the Lieutenant. But then is reduced the Sergey thirty five years old born eighteen eighty three and he's Musar Ghana's, well, and is near to patent who leads the tank assault and bizarre gone would fill is a very brave, man. He's wounded he's near the lost battalion as well. All of these all of these very famous events make appearances and Patrick's book has he's putting together because we're following the body bearers, they touched upon all the battlefields would fill is also very brave man who marries and has a very good life on a farm afterwards. What does he do that? Dan, gone. I call him Pershing's one man story. That's the story. I wrote and Breitbart because it's extraordinarily he's given the task of a probing attack with his company into the heart of. Of of death. I mean, it's the Hindenburg line. It's more. These fixed positions that are bunkered machine gun nests everywhere there sniper positions, and there's the gas which is omnipresent and they push in into this this death. This meat grinder is death factory and would fills their leading men and all of a sudden ten of his men are wiped out by machine gun nests. Woodfield springs into action is as men kind of hold back any pushes forward on his own and takes out the machine gun nest with with accurate rifle fire from his Springfield. He's an he's one hundred before the war, and a crack shot takes out that machine gun keeps pushing forward lands into a shell hole, which is filled with mustard gas. The mustard gas can dislike sits there. It's persistent in many cases in the is picture. It's more of an oily like a little droplets. Gets on your skin. If it gets in your lungs. It can kill you. And it just irritates everything. He. Catches a face full of this mask of this gas, but keeps pushing forward even though his eyes are irritated any takes out another machine gun nest kill several Germans as they try to reoccupy it and then keeps pushing forward even though he can hardly see and encounters. Another nest kills several men with his forty five which suddenly jams and. He's about to be killed by German. That's lunging at him. And he picks up a tick axe that's next to the machine gun and in Gore's the man is springs. Adam the book is the unknowns were telling the story of the body bears the combat units and the risks of the men who were the body bears of the casket that was laid to rest November eleventh nineteen twenty one Patrick O'Donnell is the author. I'm John Batchelor. This is the John Batchelor show..
"french army" Discussed on WMAL 630AM
"Story of continental the attack on constantly America's first battle of World War One the first division, the first expeditionary division will make the attack in particular, the twenty eighth infantry regiment, but that is in front of his right now, March twenty first nine hundred eighteen the German high command Hindenburg, Dr they put together they put together a vast army because the Russians were out of the war and the Italians of virtually collapsed. So they concentrate on one hundred ninety two divisions to launch Kaiser schlock that translates into emperors blow. They're going to storm and take Paris with that they did not in one thousand nine hundred fourteen and end the war their tactics are brutal. And as they launch the the French and the British real back mmediately, they need the. Americans and they need the Americans to fight effectively. Matthew, they send America back to a place outside of Paris. That's the Paris. And then the marching orders to the front is this photo gambling is he panicking the throw the Americans into this offensive. Well, I would not call it panicking. They were doing anything they could. And I was trying to coordinate with the leaders of the of the main armies keep in mind, folks. Even though he was designated supreme allied commander. He really only had control over the command reserve, you had the the British army and the French army still, you know, the French army was under general pertain for the most part and the the English army was still at that time under Hague. So those two had he had to work in conjunction with them and Pershing at that time the Americans only had five divisions in France. It was Pershing who went to folks and said all I have is yours. What would you like and soc asked for a division and ask for it to be put in what was called the Monte de sector, which is the sector. We're counting was the most pronounced sailing. It was the westernmost point of the German thrust. And frankly, there was a Moroccan division. That was holding the line there and. Soc most likely understood that the Americans with their larger divisions. They had twenty eight thousand in the first division would be able to hold that line successfully. I don't think it was put in and there's no way to know. I don't have any documentation to say otherwise that it was put in to push the Germans back. But I think likely had quite a bit of confidence we need US first-division going over there into that sector. All right. We're going to concentrate, which is a farming village. And it is the front line. The Moroccans have been holding it the Americans are to take their place, it's entirely under the guns of the very heavy German corps artillery. So there is no safe place. The corps artillery can destroy anything it hits. And the Germans have by this time perfected coordinating with airplane spotting plane spotting. And so the Americans are walking into a part of which they call the valley of death. We need. To identify the commanders. Now, the commander of the division is named Bullard. He works very carefully. He's been chosen by Pershing to take command of the first division. The first commander did not work out and bully and Bullard has an artillery commander name Summerall. Matthew Bullard is a strong minded man who means to win. I'm fascinated with Summerall. What do we need to know about him? ES will Bullard. The most important thing about all how he ended up there. Some all comes on the artillery commander, which ended up being very important, particularly in this war on the western front. Summerall wins half the battle because he gives accurate fire to cover the the infantry. Please continue that that's exactly right, and it, and it seems vision of combined arms of artillery working closely with the infantry in an attack or defense that is so important and would serve as a model for the entire ATS. Robert Lee Bullard was a Major General. He was a class ahead of Pershing at West Point. He was very much a soldier's general, very folksy. He had served as a Colonel volunteers and the army in the early nineteen hundreds and the Philippine insurrection. And while he was there. He took great note of a young artillery. Lieutenant another West Point grad, I think he was six or seven classes behind a Bullard early. Eighteen ninety Charles summer all young Lieutenant some old battery gave such effective fire support. Bullard's inventory in the Philippines against the moros rebels that he forever remembered that fire support and kept his name and his mind. So when he took command of the first division, his very first move was to replace the existing artillery commander who was actually an engineer in that place because in Pershing's army. The artillery was not much of a focus. Focus was mostly on the infantryman Bullard asks for and gets summer all his field artillery. Brigade commander some all comes and he's a he's a native of Florida. He's a west pointer. He has been very innovative and on the cutting edge of artillery tactics, which was hard for a US army artilleryman because the US was so far behind most of the US is experience, and artillery and big guns was coast artillery. And they were still using old cannon and here, the French and the British for using modern field artillery life field artillery swiftly deployed, swiftly maneuvered. He already was on the cutting edge of that and had pushed for more artillery for the continue. We'll continue when we come back. We'll meet determines I over there. The attack on continuity, America's first battle of World War One Matthew Davenport is the author. I'm John bachelor. One zero five point nine FM and AM six thirty Washington. Small W A L. If you've got an Amazon echo, you've got a new way to listen to.
"french army" Discussed on History On Fire
"The result of these internal conflicts was the defense side at a hard time putting forward a unified throw on Gainsbourg on the Sunday English. The result of this was the occasional military disaster, such as the loved avert Noel on August seventeen forty, twenty four. A group of Scots allied to the fan at taking the town of oil by pretending to be English in leading some of their own countrymen is, but he's a nurse falling Ford Israel's, they Nabi tons of oil open. Their gates relies too late that in so doing that given up, they're down to their enemies. Not long afterwards. The Duke of bad for land about ten thousand soldiers take could a town. If French skull de shower meal for about fifty thousand went out to meet them. After an inconclusive archery do well about two thousand cavalryman for my own town of Milan where mercenaries in the defense army charged. The English normally handle this kind of situation by unleashing narrow store or the advancing cavalry, but they found out their horrors that derails couldn't Pierce. The superior are more of the Milanese mercenaries Milanez weapon makers were renowned all over Europe for being among the best than there are more swept particularly well-suited to resist direct hits. The Steelers three Milan called via Molino, the army which can be translated as weapon factory state was named as defy to distribution of weapon. In Milan. Helen cost or describe the Milanese mercenaries says a wall of muscle and bone in case the steel. They are charged seem to destroy the English lines. Manningly soldiers were killed in Manny flooding fear for their lies. Thinking that the battle was lost the surfing captain young ordered five, the men under his command twenty three. These was a decision that was not pressured by superiors later order to have him thrown an quart, Artis banishment for retreating. In walnut in about what thrown in quarter means while it was a formal fix accu- Sean, a witch to condemn would've is Johnny. Tells cutoff would be Diese Mbai weld beheaded. Andy score would be cut up four pieces. Something that was quite popular in England. But back to the battle, the Milanese raided the English baggage train. And by the time they made it back to the battlefield, they figured they would find the French army Victoria's and everybody fired him. But that's not what happened after the cover. The recharged that meaning English soul, there's and the French at goaltending. Any seen Lee brutal close quarter, fight, even Bedford himself, forgotten his signs. The rookie swinging to hand bull lacks that eliminated several Frenchmen from the gene pool. Man, I miss the days when political figures would swing to hand. The Polack says that she'll be requirement for holding office right there. The fight between Scots English was equally brutal with no one giving or asking for quarter semester might suggest about six thousand died on the French scout side with about sixty nine that had on the English side. Is bought out a nearly destroyed, the defense army. To make seeing Soir what was left of the French army lost a few Moore's mouldering gauge moments the English bargain, Dan idolize that aided as Moulvi ledge known as dominate me. Why am I even mentioned in at eight on alleged nominated by on the few peasant families because that village, as we will see, the next episode was the hometown of the lady was going to Al third course of the war, but were not yet threaded for Iran Thron onto the scene. In the meantime, French through completely demoralized their losses in the field. Coppell, we'd there being gun, they're paid..
"french army" Discussed on The Michael Knowles Show
"Buckley said, I'm a patriot, but I don't have one ounce of nationalism in me. A George Orwell talked about this. He said, you know, their patriotism is defensive and nationalism is offensive and it's, but there is some that and I think it's an artificial distinction. I think it's an artificial distinction and it's a term of political usage to throw at your opponents. But I don't think it really means very much patriotism and nationalism. Refer to love of country. Patriotism in the modern usage is taken to mean good love of country. Nationalism is taken to me. Bad love of country and some of the distinctions that the these people make will be that patriotism is idiological. It's just about ideas and that's why it's good. But nationalism is psychological. It's just about the blood in the soil, and it's just a unthinking, unconscious reflex of people to their to their own land. But this doesn't make any sense the French army after the French revolution was very idiological and tried to conquer the whole world because of not not because of blood and soil you would you call that nationalistic it people call it nationalistic, but it fits the definition of patriotism that people who want to draw that distinction make about the Nazis or the Nazis. Just nationalistic, they're certainly nationalistic but they were motivated by an ideology, but perhaps more than any government in modern history. They were motivated by an ideology the the Igali of Nazism fascism so is that patriotism will seems to fit the definition of patriotism that many want to talk about it? They if they sent a patriotism. It's all about ideals. And nationalism is bad because it's all about the just the tangible things in some ways. This is a little little NAS stick. There's a, we'll. We'll actually get to that. Probably later in the mail bag, but it also if patriotism is just about all about ideals and nationalism is not it's about the real tangible things. Then what are we say of somebody who is a patriot, they support American ideals, but they oppose the American nation. Say they support open borders. Say they support of voting rights for foreigners, say they? What about that? Is that what does that person is that of patriotic anti nationalist? What does that if you support the ideal but not the country of the ideal? What is that? That's a mess. That's total mess. And to say that NAT like your William definition nationalism imposes itself on others. Patriotism does not. It's defensive. Where do we see that in history? American patriotism has led us to put those values out to the rest of the world. American patriotism has great universal. Rising character to it and the west has a great universalising character to it and that imposes on the rest of the world, not always militarily, but certainly culturally economically, and that's a good thing. I don't. That doesn't matter if we impose American culture on the rest of the world is that nationalistic and bad. Therefore, resit patriotic the, you know, if there is any distinction to be..
"french army" Discussed on KBNP AM 1410
"Of humanized him and makes him i think just such a remarkable figure people just don't know a lot about it they don't know the details that don't know the key figures and perhaps it's because a generation later world war two was so much bigger and consume the entire planet for the most part but when you look at the drama by which the war started with the assassination of archduke ferdinand and then the domino effect of countries getting into this war and why do you think it has gotten such short shrift i think part of it is just how it's taught in high schools and it really gets entrenched there and so it's it's always you know one little chapter in our history textbooks and it's kind of the same story the sinking of the lusitania and in the zimmermann telegram and then obviously preceding this is the european part of of the archduke and getting us acetate in germany and russia and french and the birdsall going after each other and we come we come in sort of late nineteen seventeen but one of the stories i really focus on it i'm sure you're familiar with are all the americans who joined up in nineteen fourteen when the war was just starting and these were mostly very well educated men who were in paris at the time and they love france they were american by birth but they really felt they wanted to contribute to the war efforts they joined the french foreign legion they legally could not join the french army because since the america since america was a neutral nation they couldn't be part of the french army but technically when you joined the foreign legion your putting your alliance to the legion not france now the germans thought this is a pretty ridiculous distinction were upset about it but it's still how the americans got around it and then they all then a these guys started flying and what was called the lafayette esca drill and so you have these americans going over there and serving in some capacity.
"french army" Discussed on WDRC
"A short distance for anybody who's not going up against this hail of gunfire coming from the other side it sort of depends on which side of of the woods you're charging through in some of the distances reading greater but these machine guns had an effective range of over a mile and they were mounted on tripods german machine gunners had maxima she could fire about four to five hundred rounds per minute and they were experts handling them there they were able to use the tripod to just perfectly positioned to take people out and they they took out many many marines is there in charge into this week a little bit of background before this because in early june the end of may the germans were in blonde a massive offensive that was aimed at paris and the french army was literally melting away and these marines mounted up at the last minute along with the second and third division of us army and they charged into the breach and as they were driving in their their their trucks you know they kept hearing you know french billions as well as french troops that were three arms away saying that the war is finished and these men rode into that four tech's literally you know plug the hole in the line the french wanted to commit them immediately like piecemeal the preston brown who was assistant chief of staff for the second division said no we want to dig in behind the french and it prepare and what happens is the germans come in through the fields he's wheatfields on june one and two and three and they literally take them out with accurate rifle fire from the ring core really an amazing story they they save paris or their efforts and then on the six today they melt the counter attack and they charge you through the week towards the high ground one forty two and also with itself and then for weeks they battle into this you know this this rocky terrain inside the wood and it's it's almost like the wilderness from the civil war it's really a deadly combat mixed with poison gas heavy artillery and everything else.
"french army" Discussed on The Film Vault
"Hammered for a date you should know shrill honor of mexico fours for the bartender serves you over france at the battle of puebla during the franco mexican war eighteen sixty one eight seven despite having small band of fighters the mexicans were able to defeat the massive french army on me v eight hundred sixty two go so that's what and then you also suggested that we do by mexican characters which is fine a fine topic and i wasn't trying to just be the connection tarian the night then to ideas but i i kind of fought for this when i'll be honest why i recently got an email from a listener and had a little bit of critiquing in it constructive criticism and i took it hard and i just got that email probably the night before that you suggested this and i think that this guy had a pretty good a point which was we've been doing a lot of scenes and or characters or secondary things to films and it's been awhile since we've just on top five films films understand so that's kinda why fought for it i thought maybe there was a point to that and in doing my list this week brian i don't think i've had a list five films that i could stand behind as strong in very good i think that that listener might have been onto something crossover is soon cross four language films they tend to feel like homework such white films as well and i can promise you that all five of my films any of which if you have not seen will not be like homework and you can enjoy them baskin them strong strong list well done very exciting for mine to all films i like.
"french army" Discussed on Channel 955
"Queen bohemian rhapsody iraqi your free with their bed that boondoggle shroud abu zubaydah quincy speaking there that french army barry berries now you ring all right while those it knows it on no ruling man do i can't believe that berge cnn i covered by i if i knew you knew and no this slim during ula fan how do you know the on its those skulls you ever seen wains wasn't into a jenin can i ask you a question what's know when you get married you take on your your spouse his name what do you think about changing their name just 'cause i think the shannon and aim is kind of her nieto hell opinion we need we need to say maybe help her out because i actually kids pass all right mojo in the morning throwback throwdown this is the home of the throwback throwdown go with joel 955 have is in aides may bags eased a china for nine off china as the man has helena ooh in a new i am am lis go man down after now now now now home man painful only bag on.
"french army" Discussed on WHO NewsRadio 1040 AM
"And hitler in a series are ruining broadcast after the fall of france and germany 1940's but i never wanted this war you can have your empire we have communism socialism and they want people in the royal family and there were people like uh how six who thought this might be an avenue to pursue churchill comes in the day they invade france and he says basically anybody who uh cavorts wouldn't drew german agents these serve the portugal or scandal neutral sweden is treasonous and that's the end of it and we're going a fight and this was all know beaches on the land in arab but this was very radical because if you look around there was nobody else well we were isolationist russia was colluding the great ally the and donald french armory indomitable french army one bit everybody put their faith in three billion person strong army sh that crumbled them sit sweet and your churchill was rain uh i i will put in jail anybody who in creates with germany and with all empire will survive and were the only people fighting and of course we we don't get britain i don't think adequate quit credit today was the only major ally who fought the first day of the war in september flourished nineteen thirty nine and the last day on september ii 1945 it was the only major ally that fought germany alone for a year and it was the only major ally that went to war in the principle of an allied security poland whether the neither surprise attacking or being should prize attack the success of churchill would not have come through the war without the partnership with franklin delano roosevelt now this goes ahead because victories telling a story in the.
"french army" Discussed on Filmspotting
"Personal it would seem and unique to the table she wondered i wondered if he would do that here with a war movie that as oppose on the surface we knew one thing that stood out about it it's ultimately the tale of an evacuation the british and the french army's pindown surrounded they've been pushed back to the beaches there in dunkirk they can almost see home they can almost see england there that close but they're facing almost certain death and this is the tale of how most of the men on that beach did survive josh do you feel like you got something different out of the war picture here i got an absolutely different experience out of this as a war picture i'll i'll get to that what i mean by that first off i'm gonna say that i'm probably going to overrate dunkirk for a couple of reasons the first is what you mentioned we just sought zoa i'm on a bit of a high rank coming out of the theater um is second lee is that in many ways this is a direct answer it feels like to some of my issues with interstellar a movie that i was mixed on i mean you know we split on and on the show so the people seem to think that i'd inactivity like it because i really london you're a much bigger fan and the thing that held me back was what i felt was extraneous explication there's no there's no lot of all nations here that there are no dial that's what i mean like it's almost like the fire extreme and yes whether you liked it or not.
"french army" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Briefing
"Hello and welcome to the briefing commits you live from studio one here it madore house in london i'm chris lord coming up on today's show the head of the french army has resigned in a dispute over the country's defence budget sweat is that leaf fronts he's militry also ahead the rauner is the world's leading state sponsor of terrorism is responsible for intensifying multiple conflicts and undermining us interest in countries such as syria yemen iraq and lebanon continuing to support attacks against israel the us is getting tough on iran once again but his the white house right to claim that it's the world's biggest exporter of tara and 80s jeff incredibly complicated issues like a very messy divorce and we're talking about a financial settlement but unlike a divorce urged between cheap people haley talking a divorce between one country and 27 albus where we discussing one of the most contentious parts of britain's exit from the european union its trade deals and will also be asking whether you actually need to see an artwork in the flesh before you buy it all the more right here on the briefing with me chris lawrence so let's start with some international from pages on sapa zip me is monaco's phenomena augusta project but with a selection of brazilian dailies now brazil's rather chilly political situation is matched by its weather isn't it fernando absolutely ins very unusual crews i must say i have a global front of me from rio de janeiro and saying that you know the main story of the day's action that the city is is is suffering a cold wave at the moment yes that he was only fourteen degrees in the city and a have to say none of that is nearing on beach where the hair in a hurry lim suddenly much different run from no and i must i must be honest view cruise when i arrived new kale was making fun of the british press because these to say indian summer just because was 25 degrees but the brazilian presents the same dissing arctic winter and come on his fourteen degrees and they do this dramatic.
"french army" Discussed on WHO NewsRadio 1040 AM
"With armor and bevan the french here are a by obligingly stupid in every in so many instances you begin to wonder whether they were traitors uh they they ignore the reconnaissance of these long columns of armor coming through the are dan and don't send in bombers on the twelfth and on the thirteen when darian crosses the news they fall back they don't lower launched counterattacks that's because the french were just like the german general staff they didn't believe in armor is that correct whether or not they believed in armored to support infantry and it also they want to have a set piece battle they had this idea that came out of one that you prepared very carefully for any kind of a battle and therefore if if if somebody attacked you then you set in motion all of the stuff to defend you brought up infantry you brought up artillery brought up tanks and you took the set timely week or more to do this well good didn't give them a day right he broke through the the broke down in one day without within by the time they were that then there was no no defense on the other side and big french were unable to move up fast enough to create any kind of a barrier that because of their their ideology even the french army ideology was the move in this piece battle and that was a very good way to do it in world war one when when soldiers will walk into battle but it was not able to be done in world war two when when tanks were moving at a twenty five and thirty miles an hour now as as as forwardlooking as good darian is he still hesitates he creates a bridgehead across the news buddy pauses because he wants to secure the bridge had they're always worried about counterattacks and being flanked said they've got a broad bridge had their across abuse and then word comes that one of.