1 Episode results for "Frederick Alexander University"

Israel, Bahrain and the UAE signed historic agreement

PRI's The World

50:29 min | 4 months ago

Israel, Bahrain and the UAE signed historic agreement

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What they're really in effect doing is saying that Israel's behavior is acceptable went to national law says that it's not acceptable. I'm Marco Werman also today Kobe has meant America's reputation precedes it in a bad way no more than twenty percents. Any of the thirteen countries that we surveyed said that the United States was doing a good job of dealing with the coronavirus outbreak and winter doesn't have to mean the end to your socially distanced. Outs we say there are no bad weather only close. So we dress up. and go up Norway with some cold weather advice and more today you're on the world. And I'm Marco Werman. This is the world good to have you with us. This Tuesday president trump welcomed officials from Bahrain Israel and the United Arab Emirates is afternoon for a signing ceremony at the White House. We're here this afternoon to change the course of history after decades of division and conflict we marked the dawn of a new, Middle East thanks to the great courage of the leaders of these three countries. We take a major stride toward a future in which people of all faiths and backgrounds live together in peace and prosperity. The Abraham accords what these agreements are being called they market changed for two Arab Gulf states Bahrain and the UAE are normalizing relations with Israel, in the past Arab leaders insisted that the Palestinians and a Palestinian state would have to be part of any deal with the Israelis, but that is not what's happening now as the World Sharon Jafari reports if you days ago hotel owners in the UAE capital Abu Dhabi got a letter from the Department of Culture and tourism. It asked the hotel owners to start including kosher meals on their menus and to designate separate area in the kitchen for preparation of kosher food. This would have been unthinkable not long ago but it's one example of what normalization between Arab states and Israel looks like on the ground. The UAE is real deal will include other things like Derek fights, tourism, economic investments and more. Until recently, Israelis ties with some Gulf states were the region worst kept secret says highlighted Gandhi. His with the Middle East Institute in Washington in the past, those relationships were kind of under the table. Now, they're announcing to the world that there openly having these relations. The I've states didn't publicize their dealings with Israel in part because of the Arab peace initiative drawn up by the Saudis in two thousand and two in that accord Arab nations endorsed the idea of normalizing ties with Israel if Israelis ended their occupation and gave the Palestinians estate of their own show, that's why many Palestinians are upset because they viewed as violating the Arab. Consensus and for Palestinians. It's kind of giving away an important piece of leverage that they have since the announcement of the deal with the UAE Israel appears to be backing away from an the bank at least for now. But for many Palestinians, that's hardly a victory is a shot in the back to be quite honest. Deanna Bhutto is a lawyer based in the West Bank. The idea that we see countries like the U, a, E and baron normalizing with Israel. What they're really in effect doing is saying that Israel's behavior is acceptable when it's actually not acceptable. International law says that it's not acceptable who is a former spokeswoman with the Liberation Organization she says in the past when the two other Arab countries, Jordan and Egypt signed peace agreements with Israel they come back land that Israel had seized. But in this case, this hasn't happened at all. So what are these two states getting your in return? The UAE is the proverbial Fox that has many many different ideas, many different agenda items. Hussein is with the Arab Gulf States institute I think tank in Washington. He says the UAE is keen to counter Iran and Turkey it's two regional rivals and it says the Moretti's are looking to purchase high tech weaponry from the US that is the F thirty five says generation fighter, the Rowler electronic warfare plane reaper drones with precision guidance and. Other things and they've been assured, they're going to get that for rainbow. The wishlist is shorted. He says for behind, it comes down basically to one issue, which is Iran and strengthening the coalition against Iranian hegemony. Germany it says in the past few years, the Gulf states have seen the US take a step back from the region president trump has consistently. said, he wants the US military out of the Middle East UAE Bahrain, and Israel are all looking to forge closer regional relationships even with countries that a few years ago they would've thought it's impossible precisely in the context, a low waning US presence don't expect anything like NATO alliance his, but do expect an increase in the country's intelligence sharing and surveillance technology. That worries Miam- a Hawash she's a human rights activists from Bahrain who was forced into. In. Denmark because of her activism I mean we've already seen in the past how the Gulf states and other countries in the Middle Eastern. North Africa have benefited from buying surveillance technology and other forms of technology you from the Israeli government that they've used to oppress their own local populations Canadian research group. For example, found that the Saudis used Israeli mobile phones by rare to target dissidents, activists and journalists abroad. Horizon says some Bahrainis. Have expressed anger about the kingdom's deal with Israel event though descent is likely to get them into trouble were looking at oppressive absolute monarchies who control everything, and therefore what the monarchy is do represent only themselves and not the populations. The trump administration is hoping that today's normalization with Israel will open the door to other. Arab states. The big question is Saudi Arabia. The Kingdom did allow an Israeli plane to fly over its airspace recently. The Gulf state of Oman has applauded parents decision to sign an agreement with the Israelis assign that it could be next for the world I'm sharing Jafari. No the view from Israel, Yaakov Ami drawers the country's former national security advisor. Yaacov, what does Israel get out of these deals with the UAE and Bahrain. First of four earliest getting their ability to cooperate with another two important Arab states. That understan- that Israel is a fact in the Middle East a strong country with capabilities to cooperate with. And this cooperation is not liking the past under the table. It is on the table and you know that in the middle, east under the table was very crowded. Now, part of the partners which walk together under the table are going to walk together formerly. With diplomatic relations and four capacity of economic relations. So you sound fairly optimistic but there are some things that I wanted to press you on what are the national security implications for Israel, with this deal. Look first I all the more Arab countries will be with good relations with Israel. It would be easier for Israel and photos are countries to contain. The threats in the Middle East and in the Middle East two kinds of threats now one led by. Iran based on its Shiites dream to have shared croissant. From. Iran to the terrain and the other one is the Ottoman Empire Dreams of the Turks with the ideology of the Muslim Brotherhood. And those to non Arab state. are a great threat to the bill. and proportion between those Arab countries, which will have the relations with Israel is making the contain those threats. Much better than before. Well, on the issue of weapons, sales prime, Minister Netanyahu said his government would oppose any sale of American F thirty, five warplanes to the UAE despite foreign relations with the Emirates. A president trump said just today in an interview to Fox News that he would have no problem selling the planes to the. So how would that affect Israel's security? First of all, I want to remind everyone Tom Barracuda is a sovereign state. In America, will do what is the interest of the United. States of America. We have an agreement with the Americans and the reason American Lou. That the White House should report every year to the Congress that is keeping its qualitative. And I'm sure that if the Americans decide. To sell the F thirty five. Together Americans and resigned will negotiate `compensation for Israel, which will keep the Israeli quantities edge. I mean we're kind of talking in abstract terms here because the details of the deals are not public the Emirati foreign minister did say today that the agreement mentions the two state solution what do you make of that? I don't know what will be said But remember the American plan which was adopted by Israeli government. One of the element was Palestinian state. The problem is the Palestinians are not ready to negotiate because we want. To ensure that our security will remain in our hands that the Jordan Valley will remain under Israeli control in. So focused but Palestinians are aggrieved by this agreement because they feel the UAE has underminded what they clearly see as priority. This is The of the Palestinian, the thought today have the key for the future relations in the enlist and slowly slowly understand they lost it because they refused to negotiate with Israel through us so. The Palestinians, is originally, they are not missing any opportunity to miss an opportunity. Did you imagine you'd see this treaty signed in your lifetime. We walked very hard. When I was in the government that will happen. I didn't know when it will come but we worked very hard at it will be a reality and I'm more than happy that it happened. Former Israeli national security advisor Yaacov Amidror, thank you for your time today. You are more than welcome and I hope that it would be only the beginning Shana Tova. Not, happy New Year Happy New Year to you to. Picture The island of Manhattan. Now, picture a slab of ice. The same size scientists Jenny says, that's about how much ice has broken off the northeast coast of Greenland in each of the past two summers in two, thousand, nine, thousand, nine, hundred, twenty, twenty, these two years consecutively we've lost fifty kilometers squared both. Yays. Is a research scientist with Frederick Alexander. University and Erlangen. Germany she's been studying the Arctic largest remaining floating ice shelf called Neo Cov feuds Jordan or simply seventy-nine nine north in English this week, our research team confirmed a Manhattan sized chunk of seventy nine north broke off this summer just like the previous summer warm air and water temperatures are the culprit may June we had temperatures well above the melting point which. Normally happens a bit later in the. So we have some very warm and continuously warm atmosphere in that region, and then also the ocean has been warming underneath the glacier as well. So it's kind of vulnerable to to changes because it's floating on the water rising temperatures. Of course, point to a changing climate and turn says faster reductions in greenhouse gas emissions are needed to prevent its worst impacts clear running out of. Time for this window where we can still make a difference to reduce our carbon emissions at the other end of the globe there's more news of change this week, it comes from a just published analysis of satellite images of Antarctic. Massive. Pine Island and Thwaites glaciers the ice tethering these glaciers to the dark continent is weakening and in some places breaking up glaciers actually stabilized the whole area and the study is the. Latest to reveal that the Antarctic glaciers are even more vulnerable than scientists thought for the science behind how and why Antarctica's ice shelves are in peril head to the world dot org slash Antarctica. You'll see our deep dive into thwaites glacier their complete with graphics and photos explaining why these mammoth pieces of ice are so very vulnerable and what's at stake up soon on today's show an ancient wine factory discovered in Lebanon. Excited you not expecting told. A two thousand, six, hundred year, old wine press is rare evidence of Phoenicians making wine, and what is today Lebanon that story and more of today's news. Later in the show you're listening to the world. The world is brought to you by did, what is twenty twenty mean for small businesses you have to do more with less suddenly every single higher is critical, but there are fewer resources to find. The right people. Indeed is here to help indeed dot com the number one job site in the world because indeed gets you the best people fast unlike other sites indeed gives you full control and payment flexibility over your hiring plus indeed provides powerful tools to make your search that much. Easier like sponsor jobs which are shown to be three and a half times more likely to result in the higher right now indeed is offering our listeners a seventy five dollars credit to boost your job post, which means more quality candidates will see it fast try indeed out with a free seventy, five dollars credit at indeed dot com slash podcast. This is their best offer available anywhere. Go right now to indeed dot com slash podcast terms and conditions apply offer valid through September thirtieth. This episode is brought to you by better help if you're struggling with stress or anxiety or depression better help online counseling offers licensed professional counselors who are trained to listen and help simply fill out a questionnaire to get matched with your counselor and start communicating online via secure video phone chat or text in under forty eight hours. Join the one million plus people taking charge of their mental health with the help of an experienced better help counselor better help. Also, an affordable option in our listeners get ten percent off your first month with the discount. Code World get started at better help dot com slash world. That's better. H E L P DOT com slash world I'm Marco Werman your with the world. Both candidates for president are ramping up their efforts to reach. Latino voters in these last weeks before the election former vice president. Joe Biden is in Florida doing just that today including a stop at a Hispanic heritage month event and president. Donald. Trump. was in Arizona last night attending roundtable with Latino Business Owners Hispanic, Americans embody the American. Dream and they are great business people like this guy right here they're great businesspeople. Latino voters could help change the election's outcome. If they vote I'm joined by Michel Mariscos senior editor at K. J. Z. Z.. He's a reporter with our series every thirty seconds which looks at the young Latino vote in the US Hamish Shell I'm Marco. So the courtship of Latino voters, it's been a theme in recent presidential elections. How does courting Latino voters in this election compared to previous elections in Arizona specifically in Arizona? This wasn't a case in two, thousand twelve. We're seeing a lot of diversity as state pulled away from being a Republican controlled, very red state even just a few years ago. Now Kamala Harris has virtually visited Latino small business owners here. She was here this last weekend and then just yesterday President Donald Trump fluent host Latinos for trump roundtable here in. PHOENIX. Arizona has one point, two, million eligible Latino voters its fifth in the nation aggressive voter outreach created the largest turnout ever in two thousand eighteen and it flipped to Republican controlled Senate blew. There hasn't been a Democrat in the US Senate Narrow Zona in forty years now, nurses second US Senate seat. It's one of the most hotly contested in the nation. So yacht candidates are trying really hard to capture the vote here both Biden and trump yeah I mean Arizona has been in the news a lot lately it's become a battleground state our candidates. Taking note that Latinos could be a decisive vote there. What what are, what are you saying I've been speaking with Chuck Coughlin is a Republican Strategist says, trump is seeking established Latino immigrants and descendants in Arizona who are already voting Republican. He's brought that up to events in Arizona and on the national stage already you know I'm a businessman I I'm here illegally I, this is my American dream this it's GonNa be that it'll be that argument and he says, Democrats will target the administration's policies against immigrants. This is about a high minded policy debate. That guy locked up children cages you know that guy is evil. He's awful. Coughlin warns that trump will need to win Arizona's biggest county Maricopa County, but the GOP's once-dominant controllability. Zona has dwindled the half of what it was in two thousand twelve. So Democrats meantime are trying to recreate that 2018 turnout by reaching young voters women who tend to vote Democrat. How's that working out the prominent activist group? Lucianne just launch an effort to bring one million Arizona voters to the polls. This year I spoke with organizer GotTa those Amoudo about the criticism that Joe Biden hasn't been doing enough to attract Latinos, and that he doesn't have the draw to young Latino voters looming are have the Bernie Sanders or they listened warned but I think we do have an opportunity that otherwise with Donald? Trump we wouldn't have. said the all the Republican Guard, right wing immigration hawks, at dominated Arizona's. Ten years ago led to a push now to turn the State Department Attic. So Michele, I, know you've been in touch with a young Latina voter who's going to the polls for the first time this year what she thinking going into these elections in November I. Then she's a young public health major on an academic scholarship at the University of Arizona I met her before the pandemic and even then her social issue was a lack of universal healthcare. She's voting for Joe Biden. No question. But I'll let her put it in her own words. I think it's because the Democratic Party is good enough. It's the one you know that inspires all of us to go out and vote. It's good enough good. Enough I mean Adele is pretty unimpressed. She doesn't have a lot of choice though she. No, that's right. She feels the Democratic Party doesn't represent. So here here she is. Again I wouldn't I don't know if I could ever see myself putting a. Democratic Party sticker on my car maybe a fill the burn sticker just because that's that's more a UP MY ALLEY I. Was Originally in Elizabeth Warren supporter than later she turns a supporting Bernie Sanders Biden was never really her first choice K. J. Z. Z. Senior editor Michel Marie Cocco in Phoenix Arizona Michelle. Thanks very much for taking us to Phoenix today. Thank you Marco. Michele's reporting is part of the world's. Project every thirty seconds. The series is produced in partnership with public radio stations across the country, we're following young Latino voters in Texas Florida North Carolina Washington State California, and Arizona throughout the twenty twenty presidential election for stories from every thirty seconds and to see how the election is shaping up for these new voters head to the world dot org slash. Every three zero seconds traveling farther afield. Now to Lebanon a new discovery by archaeologists, there is exciting historians and wine enthusiasts everywhere the world's Jessica Ski has that story these days if you to kick back and enjoy a glass of wine or two, you probably have the Phoenicians to thank for that. That's the ancient civilization with routes mostly in Modern Day Lebanon. Phoenicians have long been known to love their wine says Elliott and saw Dr Cheese archaeologists with the American University of Beirut. Line is mentioned in the ancient texts that mention in the classic could. The tension line was. Finishes aren't credited with inventing wine that right goes to ancient civilizations in the country. Of Georgia, but they did spread wine culture throughout the Mediterranean and beyond those vineyards you see France and Spain and Italy. Yeah. They were likely introduced to those countries by the Phoenicians. But not much physical evidence of their winemaking has been found in Lebanon where most of their kingdom was concentrated until now but. Excited we're not. Expecting A. Set a wine press a really old one. It dates back around two thousand six hundred years. And her team discovered the press in an area of Lebanon called. Tell Iraq close to the city of side on on the country's coast. It looks like a big pit in the ground. There's a shallow basin where grapes would be crushed by foot and the wind would flow into a nearby VAT a big one. It could hold over a thousand gallons of the good stuff. Starts says the press is made of really impressive plaster. It's well built. This is an exciting discovery because it's the first big piece of winemaking equipment unearthed in Lebanon it's evidence that not only did the phoenicians enjoy wine rain all that the rain was very important in the. And often yours you know in all sorts of libation and they treated it to also excited to know that the economy of the. Kingdom of Kaieda. Also, imagine. That's news that Starr says hasn't been clearly confirmed until now. The discovery is also really significant for the country of Lebanon. Fourth on for eleven months who have now some the dumpsters all. The economy The today, and they homeland. Now we know how the commission them said and they dome them were living. One might guess that at certain moments at least they were living well. For the world, I'm just clear Muskie you're listening to the world. Today's episode is brought to you in part by Nova now, a new biweekly podcast diving into the science behind the headlines from the PBS science, Series Nova Join Alloa Patel behind the scenes with the scientists engineers, technologists, math petitions more working to understand our world. It's more critical than ever to distinguish fact from fiction and find science-based answers to the most pressing questions of our time. So listen to Nova now today on Apple PODCASTS, spotify stitcher or wherever you get your podcasts. An appeals. Court decision leaves some three hundred thousand immigrants in limbo I have been raising beautiful family of four US citizen Kid. I have been learning English going to college. So for some of us is a life changing decision temporary protected status ends. Now what that's just ahead, you're on the world. I'm Marco Werman your with the world where co production of GBH NPR ex for the past three and a half years the united. States has not been very favorably viewed by other Western countries that's according to survey results from the Pew Research Center but a new study they paula shows that our reputation has taken even deeper nosedive just over the past year Jacob poster is at Pugh in Washington Jacob Pugh does a lot of surveys and this is not the first one about America's image what made this survey nick. Well, we've actually been doing surveys for twenty years now, and we've been tracking the international image of the US during that time period and in the current survey in two thousand and twenty, we're finding some the lowest ratings we've ever found among traditional allies of the United States in terms of US favorability including in Japan, the UK Canada you know more than four in ten have positive views of the United States and these are some of the lowest levels of favorability we've ever measured for the United States. The title of the survey says a lot. I think US image plummets internationally as most say country's handled corona virus badly. So how did your survey respondents about the US and the corona virus like what was one of the questions? Where we ask people on whether various countries including their own were doing a good job of dealing with the corona virus outbreak and on that question when we asked about it for the United States, no more than twenty percent and any of the thirteen countries that we surveyed said, the United States was doing a good job of dealing with the krona virus outbreak and that's different from what people told us about their own countries and most of the. Countries we surveyed people were actually fairly happy with how their own country had dealt with the outbreak. The there are places where the US image is seen more positively than other places. What country had the most people who thought the US was responding well to the coronavirus in terms of response to the coronavirus no country was over twenty percent. But when it comes to the US favorability, there are countries were a majority still have a favorable view of. The US, but that number has shrunk dramatically in the last year. South. Korea's one country where fifty nine percent have a favorable view of the US. But even there that's down almost twenty points from two thousand nineteen when seventy seven percent favourable view of the US and the survey also asked people to rank their own government's response pandemic where did people give their government high marks well, mostly in Western Europe is where you see the most positive views. Of the coronavirus response. So Denmark Germany us all have relatively positive use of their response to the coronavirus outbreak and also in South Korea and Australia a little less. So in France and Japan. But still majorities there say that their own country has done a good job of dealing with the coronavirus outbreak in the US the UK less than half forty, seven percent and forty six percent respectively said that their own country had handled the coronavirus outbreak well. I'm curious. How do Americans respond to these surveys that ask how other countries view the US I mean are these surveys learning moments I mean that would be an interesting question ask what people think about our surveys in a public opinion survey. But generally, you know this is a question that we've asked every year for the last twenty years. The first time we asked this question was actually post nine. Eleven and we saw fairly robust ratings for the US but then the Iraq war came along and used the US, fell pretty rapidly at that point and only we covered actually when Barack Obama was elected president in two thousand nine. So we've seen a long road in terms of overall US favorability and you know people are generally interested in this question at tells us a lot about the image. Of the US internationally and how changes over time and how it's affected by WHO's the US president. Finally, there was a question in the survey about world leaders who is most respected and why so among the countries that we surveyed, which I will admit is generally European heavy German Chancellor Angela Merkel gets the highest ratings and our survey seventy six percent have confidence in our ability to handle world affairs. Versus. Only sixteen percent among the same people who have confidence in US president trump let Putin of Russia gets negative ratings. President Xi of China also gets negative ratings. French president macron gets fairly positive ratings and people are split on UK Prime Minister. Boris Johnson. So quite a range of answers on this question, but generally, Merckel is seen as the most positive and trump is seen as the most negative. Jacob poster associate director of global attitudes. Research at the Pew. Research Center thank you very much for talking with us. Thank you for having me. This week life for hundreds of thousands of immigrants in America got a lot harder and a lot more uncertain because yesterday a US appeals court terminated temporary protected status or TPS for some three hundred thousand immigrants people from four countries Haiti, Sudan Nicaragua, and Salvador emigrants received temporary protection from deportation when it's considered unsafe for them to return home Jose. Palma has. BEEN COUNTING ON TPS for protection. He's originally from El Salvador and heads the National TPS alliance Jose Palma thanks for being with us what did the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals actually rule. So in two thousand, seven, the trump administration decided to cancel tps for all the countries involving these lawsuits and Josh in San, Francisco actually agree with the prestigious internal procedure. Where not follow so the Ninth Circuit Decision is pretty much saying that the Josh in San Francisco doesn't have the authority to stop it that means pretty much allowing the trump administration to continue counseling tps for close to four hundred, thousand people I the country what does the ruling mean for you? These being that I can lose my immigration status next year Therefore I can be a risk of deportation after twenty two years leaving in the United States and giving the best years of my life to the United. States I have been raising beautiful family of four US citizen kids I have been learning English going to college volunteering as a soccer coaching, my neighborhood. So for some of us is a life changing decision. And Jose, your kids there were born in us, and if he started discussing this with them and what you're going to do, they have the medical Mercedes at the dinner table, my sinus going to college. I. Have a young daughter. WHO's a sophomore in high school is hard to decide like if I have to leave my son is nineteen years old, he can stay by himself but. What's going to happen with the five years old who was just starting kindergarten and the two years all baby girl they are all born in the United States they all should be enjoying the life and happiness as everyone else. But you know what? On the other hand I feel motivated because of the resilience that TPS recipients have sean and two, thousand seventeen, we were told you guys. GotTa. Go back to your country. But instead of hiding, we have been coming forward sharing stories and the general American public actually would like for us to continue living in the united. States just today nicer. Decision was a blow for many of us. It's a scary to believe that we lose our immigration status, but we also know that we are in the special moment and in the United States and the next few weeks. What could a new presidential administration mean for TPS holders like you has Joe Biden stated a position on the program Ya? Yes. There have been some statements and the new president cannot. So lowly and the first day stopped the Constellation left. EPS. Does what the new president can do. Most Salvadorian. TPS holders have been living in the US since two earthquakes hit Central American two thousand and one how do you reply to those? Who say that was twenty years ago nearly protection should expire it is after all called temporary protective status out of reply to that. Is. Twenty years leaving the Saint Lakes and giving the best years of your life temporary. Giving the of life can you please give us the opportunity to continue leaving the United States safe and away from worrying about the petition and we are, and we have been giving the best we can to this country. Jose Palma originally from El Salvador. National Alliance telling about the Ninth Appeals, court canceling temporary protective status for three hundred, thousand immigrants in the. US Jose, thank you so much for speaking with us. Thank you. Immigrant doctors play a key role in the US healthcare system especially in rural and lower income communities, and for many of them the pandemic poses risks that go way beyond just getting sick. The world's Ilana Gordon has our story Dr Vivek into our eves spent the last six years working at a hospital in Springfield Illinois like many healthcare workers when covid nineteen head he and his wife tried to reduce their exposure risks at home because to Ari seeing patients. With Co fit many college squeeze slept separately. The pandemic has been difficult for so many health workers. But for tomorrow and the scores of other doctors who are immigrants, they often have an additional stressor because of their temporary visa status he's from India and applied for green cards six years ago he's still waiting and that wait could last decades the US caps, the number of work based visas, each country, and sought from India fill up fast the situation as Dag. If something happens to me, my family will have to leave in other words if we get sick from covid and then if he needs long-term disability or worse yet, if he dies his family would fall out of status. This is terrifying for Torian his wife Sheikha Shaw She just gave birth to their second child two weeks ago I have to go back to my country and start from scratch. That's the scariest part of the whole situation and the United States. About a quarter million doctors are immigrants representing about one in four doctors that overall percentage is higher in rural and underserved areas. One of those areas is in southeastern Missouri in a FROLIC Ragavan. Curragh cares for kidney patients at all hours of the day and night some of whom also have covid nineteen though I'm right in front of a hospital where our patient who's with covid positive and I'm gonNA. Go see that patient in the ICU and the other day. I got called in the middle of the night. He would die in the next one hours I didn't go and I have to go three years ago. Kerr helped group Physicians for American Healthcare Access. The group has been lobbying for legislation ease and speed up the permanent residency process for doctors. It's hard to find a clear number, but his group estimates that about twelve thousand immigrant doctors are currently in limbo. He says one fixed is through legislation that would tap into employment based visas were never in used up from other countries like Canada, and then transfer them to these doctors and nurses the unused visas from all these past years let's use them towards the. Healthcare Warriors Healthcare Heroes Kerr notes another problem with visa system for doctors. It often ties international doctors to a specific employer, which means the can't relocate to regions that have the greatest need for a alone kidney doctor in rural Missouri where Cova cases are on the rise he worries what happens to his patients something happens to him. A ton of. Immigrant talented. Physicians from all the countries working here who can deal with ICU patients why can't they work with me here? No they cannot. The pandemic is only added complications to US immigration policies that's according to Greg Siskind, an immigration lawyer who specializes in Dr Visas. Almost every aspect of the physician immigration system has been disrupted in one way or another he says visas have become even harder to access and travel. Of course, is more difficult. Congress is working to address these problems. One proposal that would ease the visa process for doctors and nurses, and provide more protections for their families is included in the massive health economic recovery omnibus, emergency solutions, act, or Heroes Act so far nothing has passed. SISKIND says the. US is looking less and less attractive as a place to practice medicine. This is really the first time in my three decades of doing this that I've been hearing more than just the odd person here. They're saying that they are looking at other countries are no longer interested in the United States because of the immigration issues as for to worry and his wife, they're not planning to upper anytime soon, the raising a family here. But when COVID nineteen at age thirty, eight to our as as one of the first ways he tried to eases anxiety was to write a will with so much out of his control he's trying anything he can to protect his family for the world I'm Alana Gordon. In the UK, there's a new pandemic restriction. It's called the rule of six starting this week. Only six people can socialize together indoors. It's the first new restriction introduced nationwide by the British government since May and UK authorities are encouraging people to snitch on their neighbors. They catch them breaking the rule. This all follows the grim news at infection rates are rising by about three thousand cases a day in the UK, our correspondent in London or Berry joins me. Now it's been called the rule of sex. How will it work exactly ORLA? Yellen market it sounds pretty simple essentially, if you hang out with more than five people, well, you're breaking the law, but it's not actually that straightforward because this rule applies both indoors and outdoors in England and Scotland. But if you're in Wales fifteen people can gather together outdoors and a Northern Ireland that number jumps to thirty people there also exemptions to the rules so weddings and funerals can continue in the gym. That rule doesn't apply places of worship. Also, large gatherings are still allowed in those places how was will work well, it kind of all depends on how compliant people are. The government seems to think that people will comply. Here's the UK polic-. Minister Case Malthouse the police will being charging and explaining the situation we hope that at that stage most people will comply and if they fail to comply that obviously fixed penalty. Notices can be issued but what we saw in the first phase of the lockdown is enormous compliance. What about enforcement though or alarming police expected go around counting how many people have kind of gotten together with this issue and listening to police talking about this over the last twenty, four hours on the one hand they say it's a little bit easier because the number of six people obviously easier to count than thirty. People, but equally, the police are kind of hoping that people will comply similar to what Kit Malthouse said there because the police are making the point look we have a lot of other work to do. This is Brian Booth he's chair of the West Yorkshire Police. Association having to how he responded to a earlier unfortunately demand for has increased significantly since the whole world Wilkin out to curved in the regulations, of Silesia. My colleagues will have to deal with all the usual place instance, try and deal with the CO vid calls to Serbia some top and my colleagues will be normally going to assaults transient progress, raw traffic accidents befall going. So groups of over six people. So limiting yourself socially to a group of sex, that's one plan. But then if somebody gets sick, what about testing, how much of an issue is testing capacity at the moment in Britain? This this has become a really critical issue particularly over the last week and there's been a huge demand essentially Pinkston schools reopened and yesterday for example, in the ten worst hit areas in England were no tests available at all. So what was happening was? People were going onto the international and trying to get details about where they could get a test or when the go get it and they were simply told this site is busy so they could get no further or else people were being told there is a test available. It's available hundreds of miles from your home for those real anger about that. At the moment because the NHL the National Health Service has come out today to say a lot of their staff have had to stay at home because they can't get a test. They don't know whether they have the virus or not, and they're simply self-isolation for fourteen days, and this is starting to happen repeatedly. So they're really concerned about. What's the likelihood of another national lockdown in the UK? Don't mention the word at the moment. It's still being viewed as pretty much the last resort there justice secretary was asked about that this week and he said, you know this is the nuclear option. It's not something that we want to do what they have been doing. The UK opt to now is closing down certain parts of the country where the virus spikes I mean the last thing that Britain wants to or the government wants to do is to impose another nationwide lockdown because the last time they did it the British economy took such a hard hit harder than most European countries and they really don't want to have to go through that all over again. The world's correspondent Orla Berry in London. Thanks very much orleans. Thanks mark out. A quote on instagram today, I could breathe the whole day on my own Russian politician Alexei navalny posted that from the hospital in Germany where he's out of a coma and offer respirator. Apparently, he still has a sense of humor breathing. He said is a surprising process that is under appreciated by many. I. Highly Recommend the opposition leader was poisoned with a Soviet nerve. Agent. Last month and is finally recovering. Now he says he plans to return to Russia we're joined by Russian investigative reporter undersold dot of under. Is there any doubt in your mind as to whether this poisoning was ordered from high up in the Kremlin well, I'm not a by chemical experts but it seems to be very unlikely that stumbled yeah in Russia would success. Risk as taken out and very popular opposition politician without. And Sampras all from the very top. Hundred told The Washington Post that in Soviet times the KGB refined their poisoning strategy to perfection in that quote, poison is unique in that. Its victim does not suffer alone their relatives and friends share the horrific experience of the loved ones suffering. That was your quote in today's terms is still a strategy like what does the Kremlin have to gain from that? became even more effective because the these days we have social media. So background in Sorta time, you would have a dissident emily affected on his relatives efforts, but the impact of his horrible experience of seeing someone close to you suffering from a poison. But these days we all have these pictures, all of Internet and loss of people who just fools in us about Nevada. off think they might have some critical is yes. They bought the Kremlin. Many of them now feel very uneasy but we've seen a series of denials of any involvement in this case from various Russian officials over the last few weeks denials from press secretary? Dmitry Peskov Pharmacists Second Lavrov now the head of Russian foreign intelligence surrogate nourish and implied that Germany was somehow involved in the poisoning. What do you make of all of these denials? I think off Russia jet it's hard to respond to this grown and international pressure to me is most interesting thing is why the head of the Foreign Intelligence Agency decided to speak up and to comment on vitiates very, very unusual for our country to have had intelligence agency to talk about anything that sensitive it looks like everybody just rushing to zoom media trying to find a way to get away from this very out say. Situation. I mean. Is it possible that these boilerplate denials? It's standard operating procedure and maybe the Kremlin wants the public in Russia to think the Kremlin, did it The trick actually if you look at serious of poisonous so that we hadn't now history most of his poisoning skirt. Kinda against Russia people when you have adt poisoning that you cannot see that two messages. So you you have some message to the international ones but first of all, it's a message for the Russian people. We all understand that so that despite all these denials should message is very clear. What one needs to be really really careful at what we are doing now in terms of stand against the Kremlin now, it's much more risque at what like five four or even two years ago. Alexei navalny has said he's got plans to return to Russia even though it's apparent that he was poisoned at least with the knowledge of Russian authorities. Does it surprise you that he wants to go back? I, think it's a very brave of him to say that, and I applaud him for that because we need. Like now while knee in our country and I think it's really brave that he decided to get back. Andrei Soldatov an investigative reporter based in Moscow. Thank you for being with us. Thank you for having made? Those of us who desire a little company during lockdown I've been sitting outside with a few friends this summer keeping our distance. But what happens when the weather starts turning colder if there is doomed filled music to go with many months indoors, queue it up here actually no let's turn instead to Norway for some tips and some hope they have a word there for doing things outside even when it's cold free loops leave Lhasa. Heim dollars the secretary general of. Free lives leave a coalition of outdoor groups in Norway joins us from Oslo loss of this concept of free looks leave what does that mean and how do you define it for Norwegian freighter of sleep is the meaning of being outside and it's also connected to the legal rights. All Norwegians have to walk in nature to harvest from the nature and to stay over like camping in the nature, and this is a long tradition in no rate for all Norwegians but also for guests coming to Norway and you're talking more than just outdoor sports like skiing or skating, it's more than that, right? Yes. It's much much more than it's all kinds of activities. Do in the nature, but also staying in the nature like resting in nature. So it's not only connect to physical activity, but nature experiences in a wide range of understandings. So like sitting in a big Parka with friends around a fire and drinking tea with at the free yes, for example yes. Hundred Norwegians at you know incorporate free loose leave into their lives out of you. You know we have cold winters having Austin we have long dark. Seasons and stay inside time. We say there are no bad weather only bad close. So it redress. Go up because it's a it's a kind of a necessity. Lhasa why do you think though that being in nature makes cold weather more tolerable. You know meeting the first call degrees. It's a shock. For most people first time. But during a after a few weeks, most people there the bodies they adapt to the cold and the you know we're focused on the good clothes. Good foods is the most important using love searing. Had some you know dress up for the cold weather and most people they adapt to the changes of seasons In a wintertime minorities also tastic time for activities. You Know Beagle skiing we go walking some people go with snowshoes we tried to to focus on the positive sides especially now during this corona season, what advice do you have for Americans to adopt a free leave into their lives especially during the pandemic when we advise people here in Norway, we try to explain people how would they do in the simple way? You don't have to buy a lot of equipment or expensive things to use the nature live and bring on some friends or family and the share the nature experienced with somebody else. Social is healthy and it's good for your body and it's good for your mind. Lhasa Heimdahl the Secretary General of Norsk free loose leave a coalition of outdoor groups in Norway. Thanks for your advice really appreciate it. Thank you. That's it from us today here in Boston where the first Chris Hint of autumn was in the air today. Hey, losses said there is no bad weather only bad. Close the world comes to you from the non and Bill Harra studio at Gbh you can find us online at the world dot. Org. Twenty four, seven, stay strong stay safe. Be Healthy. We'll see again tomorrow.

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