35 Burst results for "Five Degrees Celsius"
US Envoy Kerry Due to Talk on Climate With Chinese Officials
"China and the US officials plan to talk this week about reducing pollution by the world's two largest economies relations between Washington and Beijing have been strained by disputes over trade technology on human rights but the sides have identified the climate crisis as an area for possible cooperation now climate envoy John Kerry is schedule for meetings with his Beijing counterparts he's called for stronger efforts to curb rising temperatures to know more than one point five degrees Celsius over pre industrial levels and he's urging China to join the U. S. in urgently cutting carbon emissions I'm Charles the last month
Queen Elizabeth II to Attend UN Climate Change Conference
"The British queen will attend the U. N. climate change conference in Scotland in November a senior official adult Sharma who is president of the cop twenty six conference says he's absolutely delighted the queen will be at the event which is due to be held in Gloucester fall November the first through the twelfth details of the moment schedule though have not yet been released world leaders climate campaigners and activists from around the world the G. to attend the talks which were postponed for a year because of the pandemic the host British prime minister Boris Johnson hopes to secure emissions cutting commitments to limit global temperature rises to one point five degrees Celsius compared with pre industrial times chose to live this month London
Unpacking Fashions Role in Slowing Global Warming
"Week. The united nations intergovernmental panel on climate change released a new report from the world's top climate scientists warning that global temperatures will rise one point five degrees celsius by twenty forty and underscoring that human influences unequivocally responsible for global warming since the late nineteenth century. The fashion industry's greenhouse gas. Emissions are estimated to be between four and ten percent of the global total on this week's peo- of podcast deputy editor. Brian baskin is joined by. Michael szadkowski mrs stain ability advisor and former vice president of sustainability at nike. Leyla petrie chief. Executive of sustainability consultancy twenty fifty and hannah pang head of marketing an advocacy and sustainability consultancy for tara to unpack fashions role in slowing global warming. Here's michael cichowski. Leyla petrie and hannah pang inside passion michael. I'd like to start with you and get a little bit meta. Why is this fashion problem solve. I mean let's say i'm nike or gucci. You look around. And i say i sell clothes. Not making cars not operating a coal fire our plant. Why do i need to be thinking about the surgeon. You sure Thank you brian so I think it's important to note that It's humanities problem solve and fashion as one sector on that needs to be carbonized. Serve regardless of what Sector you find yourself in. We know that we have to reduce emissions vary significantly between now and twenty thirty and then on the way to twenty fifty and so Roughly reducing emissions by half by twenty thirty And and that's by twenty fifty There are a number of estimates of fashions greenhouse gas look rinse We can talk about this in a bit more detail. The data is not ideal But we do know that fashion does have a significant carbon footprint and as with other sectors much reduced that and so You know we know the effects and we. We know the predictions of where we're going if we keep on their business as usual trajectory And so fashion because of because of its impacts and also because it seeing the impacts of climate already happening in the supply chain in particular in places where the impacts of climate are being are happening We know that it's critical. Issue the sector to address. Thank you and love to get into the data question in a little bit on this more than any issue. We're talking about today. Hear a lot about the need for collective action for the industry to work together and you've been involved in. Some of the industry's biggest efforts on front in to tell us how that's going. I how much progress has been made in. Also why some necessary for brands you think of this as an industry problems New problems grand. I mean i think fundamentally this is a problem which no individual company consult when his i you know we have all sorts of invading intractable issues around infrastructure around incentives around policy. No-one acting really occurred within that system without being affected by it so all these brands have supply chains. Good three targets that are also dependent on And really what we realized. Is that everybody in this. Sector is co dependent on each other other actors like policy makers is to
Hot Prospects: A Sobering IPCC Report
"The intergovernmental panel on climate change as a long history of choosing its words carefully but in the latest report from the un's global climate authority released this morning. The tone is shifting for years. There was a whisper of uncertainty of unwillingness to make definitive and damning statements. It's clear from the words of ipc chairman wholesomely. That reluctance is going. I it has. It is indisputable that human activity is causing climate change and making extreme weather events more frequent as severe second is shows that climate change is affecting every region on our planet and lastly explains that strong rapid sustained reductions in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions will be required to limit global warming. These are sobering assessments the last trench of research. The ipc will publish ahead of a mammoth clement meeting in glasgow later. This year is the most comprehensive assessment of the science behind climate. Change that the has released in is rachel. Dobbs writes about climate change for the economist represents a huge commitment by scientists. There are two hundred thirty four. Paul authors going over thousands and thousands of papers. It's has with much more certainty than we've ever had. What is driving climate change. How human actions impact on it. What the effects of it will be and the ways that we can avoid some the west consequences and its conclusions make pretty grim reading because what are of those conclusions. What's the report saying. So this report finds that. Even if countries to drastically reduce their greenhouse gas emissions now none of them currently show consistent downward trend of any sort the world would likely breach one point five degrees celsius of temperature rise above preindustrial levels within the next twenty years
Chinese Scientists Design Metafabric to Radiate Heat; Keep Wearer Cool
"On friday we talked about a new passive cooling fabric created by a team of chinese researchers in a recent publication in the journal science with the aim of defending humans against climate change. the researchers embedded titanium dioxide. Nanoparticles into a polymer and then coated it. With a thin layer of reflective palmer that allows for passive cooling meaning. You could cool down without needing a fan. They embedded this fabric into a vest that keeps its users about five degrees celsius cooler. Let's get into the nano science. That makes this fabric giga cruel. When something is out in the sunlight like a hot car it absorbs photons which get converted into heat while that he can be radiated back out in the form of infrared wavelengths the atmosphere around it immediately absorbs infrared light and traps the energy in the form of heat in the vicinity of the car which presents it from cooling down in the case of a human being we generate extra heat on top of that just by being alive and having a functioning metabolism with temperatures rising every year that becomes a problem the way to get around this kind of heat lies in passive cooling passive cooling takes advantage of an area on the infrared spectrum where gases can't absorb light called the atmospheric window in this window photons and therefore heat can escape rather than get absorbed allowing the object or person to cool down much easier. This is the principle behind a passive cooling material that uses two main steps to cool you down first of all the material reflects as much light as possible to avoid heat and secondly it redirects any absorbed heat into the atmospheric window making these kinds of materials into clothing however means that they need to be flexible. Washable and sweat resistant. Which is tougher than it. Sounds
North American Heat Wave "Virtually Impossible" Without Climate Change
"United States and Canada, at the end of June, would have been virtually impossible without climate change. Last week's heat dome above British Columbia Washington State in Portland, Oregon, smashed daily temperature records and led to dozens of deaths. We can speak to Frederico Auto from the World Weather ATTRIBUTION Initiative, which published this report. Welcome to the program. Usually we We think of scientific reports of coming out months, perhaps even years after an event this is Quick determination. What have you found? We have found, um that first of all, this event is extremely rare. As you have said Those records have been smashed, so we have seen records broken but up to five degrees Celsius. So that means that everything we have observed so far is is very different to this event, which makes it difficult to estimate exactly how likely this event is. Our best estimate is that in the world we live in today, It's about an a one in 1000 year event. But without human and used climate change. It would have been virtually impossible to occur. But what we have also looked at is that in a two degree world so North 0.8 degree warmer than we have. Today. This type of temperature could be reached every 5 to 10
Union of Concerned Scientists' Dr. Rachel Cleetus Discusses What the Biden Administration Needs to Do to Address the Climate Catastrophe
"To the healthcare policy podcast on the host. David intra cosso during this podcast discussed with the union of concerned. Scientists climate energy programs policy director. Dr rachel cletus. What the biden administration needs to address mitigate the effects of the worsening climate crisis. dr cletus. welcome to the program. Hello david thank you so much for having me. dr cletus. bile is of course posted on the podcast website. This is my fifteenth climate crisis related interview on background. The climate catastrophe continues to accelerate hemispheric carbon concentrations are now measured at four hundred seventeen parts per million the greatest concentration of carbon in our species existence. Not surprisingly there's a ninety nine percent chance. Twenty twenty will be among the top five warmest years. Two thirds chance for sixty six percent chance that will be the warmest year on record. This year is also experiencing a record-breaking atlantic hurricane and with thirty named storms to date and record breaking wildfires in the arctic that is warming at upwards of three times the rate of the rest of the planet the albedo effect from the loss of summarized will be equal to the release of one tree tons of carbon equivalents in the atmosphere. This amount approximates forty percent of all human caused ghg emissions. Since seventeen fifty in addition northern permafrost that holds almost twice as much carbon dioxide is currently in the atmosphere his thawing seventy years earlier than previously predicted the plan is also experiencing unprecedented biological violation. Vector-borne diseases including covid nineteen continued to proliferate and the trump administration in denying scientific reality has rescinded approximately one hundred environmental regulations that i discussed with sabin centers. Michael burger last may and finally listeners are where he federal court ruled earlier. This year. that americans do not have a constitutional right to survivable climate. So with that welcome. Dr cletus again were here discuss climate policy under the vitamin station. So before diving into that. A doctor cletus Regarding my brief assessment. Is there anything. You'd like to add or alternative. I can i alternatively i can ask the question. The union put out a document a few years ago called the title the world scientists warning to humanity. so if you prefer to answer The ladder what was in that warning. I think you've just made out a very thorough set of reality that were tainted with respect to the climate crisis. Things that climatize this morning house project are now actually happening around a severe climate crisis. If you're now it's no longer about some distant problem and it's affecting us here in the united states and around the world you mentioned the record breaking hurricane season we've seen the cocaine season moby seem pretty extraordinary type wounds on the other side of her world with the teams being. Hit back to back. In the last few weeks we've seen extraordinary heatwaves around the world in europe in asia flooding And see living wage which is inexhaustible continuing slow moving disaster that many low-lying things around the world are facing Including as in the us Especially in on that. He's been go goes. We're at a point. Now where we are rapidly running out of time to address very new classes and as you pointed out as well we actually earn a moment for our nation is facing colliding. Place the covid nineteen pandemic as you mentioned but we also have a rapidly worsening economic crisis. We have a crisis democrats in our country. That is being made there In this moment so all of these colliding to creative patrician where underlying social economic disparities than discrimination being exacerbated and a climate crisis is holding a very inequitable way Around the world and here in the us so what we do now what the biden administration does and what future us administration to is very very important. The most significant difference. We're going to see is that we now have an administration that recognizes the fines will be guided by the signs and how they respond to the climate crisis instead of an administration that basically lied relentless me about the existence of Munchies the climate crisis that even the reality the cova christ who actually worked to make them more worse. So now we have a president who actually five instead of sidelining them and silence them yes. thank goodness. I will say As had been speculated trump's legacy will probably be moreover his Calling the crisis a hoax and of course Rescinding these operas of hundred epa mostly epa regulations. Let's get into What we might expect from the biden administration. We could start with. I did intend or ask you What did the biden campaign pledge to address the climate crisis. But let's let's pass on. That says now he's been elected you wrote In a union of concerned scientists blog post. I believe it was dated november seventh What the by presi means Relative to the climate crisis you identified Various aspects are measures that the biden ministrations should take under the title wet. President biden's should do on climate. You could note a few of these relative to what you think would be most productive coming from a biden administration. What's most important for the vitamin that administration to extend a very clear strong and early signal. They're going to take this challenge seriously. They wanna aggressive with all of that. They have so. I know that maybe have pointed out that In our democratic took them eighty the actions that the president together with the action congress that will really allow for full Aggressing of problems like climate crisis. And no doubt congress. Must say it's hard if we're going to get your They should have and comprehensive action. But there's a loss at the biden expiration can and should do on its own and much of that can be done fairly quickly Within the first hundred days of the administration taking power one quick forward and simple thing that everyone has been talking about is of course are getting back in the remount of the trump administration on november. four The final the us from the of women that is an action that puts us on the sidelines and uniquely isolated on the world stage where the only country that has actually stepped away from the therapy. We need to get back An after the responsible major nation of the world i together with other nations to raise invasion around a dozen the global climate crisis. And i miss fans there's no different the covid nineteen pandemic. we can solve the global complex challenges only when the app in concerts that other nations. So that's pretty straightforward It's not enough to just get back. In paris agreement we have to borrow A with domestic action. That shows that you are gonna take this seriously. We have to set signs and gone goals cutting He in mission here in the us. The ipc record and twenty eighteen all down some pretty cure now. Metrics are the growth of the global community would have to meet to stay below two degrees here. Aiming for one point five degrees celsius about pre industrial levels the temperature increase so. She do contribute. Its fair share to that. The us must be on a bad day to get to net zero emissions. No later than twenty for before. I'm have to be well on that. By twenty thirty having our mission show By twenty thirty to do that we're going to need action across the economy. Has inspector the biden administration should be directing every federal agency To make sure that they're incorporating climate science and their actions that they're looking for opportunities to go cut emissions as the bill climate billions to the climate impacts that are unfortunately already locked in Their action that the administration can take to the deputy voters and regulatory action to cut heat trapping emissions cosby economy. They should do so There are a number of very aggressive. Compensation decorative voter that Should be giving both back and one thing that is the has not recognize the now taking these kinds of ambitious actions requires leadership not just from the president but from his gatherer competitive agency. You'll be watching me. What appointments look like we need to have people in charge of these agencies and appointed to cabinet positions that recognize how climate change touch with every aspect of our economy and our lives and there needs to be david into their world view.
David Biello: Moving The Dial On Climate Change
"Climate. Change is a problem so vast affecting so many people in so many different ways that it's hard to know what we should do which solutions we should focus on which efforts can truly dial back global warming because the fact is we are running out of time to make the changes. We need to stop a reputable damage to our planet but there is good news. We have the technology and science to do it. And so on the show today how we can build a zero emissions future this global effort underway to accomplish exactly the skull having this ability in our toolkit central can't dot false and it can't be done on a very large scale guiding us through some promising and fascinating solutions is ted science curator. David yellow. david. Thank you so much for being here again. Thank you for having me back and today. You're bringing us ted speakers who are trying to save the planet from the state that we're in right. Yeah except it's More more important than that. I would say because it's not just saving the planet in fact it's not really saving the planet it saving ourselves in the planet has dealt with climate change many times before And honestly the planet will be fine our civilization if we don't act now and act quickly will not be fine and so let's start with the key number which is ten ten years. That is the amount of time that climate researchers say. We have to really turn things around. David wyatt decade. So in the next ten years we will have sort of made the decisions that will determine the climate for centuries if not millennia to come so if we really do want to keep global warming where it's already at around one degrees celsius or most one point five degrees celsius warming than we really have to act now and we have to act fast and that's where the ten years comes. Okay so let's get into some of the big ideas and solutions that can help us fight. Climate change and let's start with something that captures carbon dioxide and literally right beneath our feet swell soils just thin veil that covers the surface of land but it has the power to shape our planet's destiny the a six footer soul soil material that covers the surface represents the difference between life and likeness in the air system. And he can also help us. Combat climate change. If we can only stop treating it like david. I i gotta love these. Climate researchers who love puns soil researcher as morad asif wa bad. Hey tell us about her and why she likes to talk to her. Well you know. This is one of the reasons that people find. Climate change so daunting Soil sexy well. As marines is the answer because she has a certain passion for dirt as a soil bio geochemists and she has been studying it as a dirt. Detective the age of eighteen and soil is actually this really complex skin on the face of the earth that is responsible for life on land everything we do revolves through the soil and that's true for carbon as well you might recognize it from compost compost. You'll know that it creates kind of dark rich material and then spread it in your garden and suddenly you're tomatoes. Are that much better. That darkness that Is the carbon itself. And what the carbon does is allow the soil to retain moisture to retain minerals and other nutrients that the plants need to grow and as we all know when clan are growing their photo synthesizing and that means they're pulling co two out of the air and turning it into more plant and in some cases even bearing some of that co two for us back into the soil there is about three thousand billion metric tons of carbon in soil. That's roughly about three hundred and fifteen times. The amount of carbon that we'd released into the atmosphere currently and this twice more carbon in soil and the reason vegetation and think about that for a second. There's more carbon in soil than there is in all of the world's vegetation including the lush tropical rainforests and the giant sequoia if the expansive grasslands all of the cultivated systems and every kind of flora you can imagine on the face of the earth plus all the carbon that's currently up in the atmosphere combined and then twice over hence a very small change in the amount of carbon stored in soil can make a big difference in maintenance of the earth's atmosphere. Okay first of all had no idea that there was that much carbon under there that we're basically sitting on top of a carbon piggy-bank Correct me if. I'm wrong david but this is called carbon sequestration right and that is a good thing for soil. In addition to being good for the atmosphere it is a good thing. The problem is most of our. Agriculture is is designed in a way to extract that carbon. and what we've essentially done is overburdened. The earth's kind of natural carbon cycle it used to be that a certain amount of co two kind of moved between plants and the air and the land but then we came along and start digging up. All this varied carbon carbon that have been laid down by plants even millions of years ago in the form of coal and oil and when we burn that it releases this fossils co two. And that's extra to that had been locked away from the atmosphere for a very long time. And that's why we're kind of out of
The race to a zero-emission world starts now
"We are all here today because the climate countdown has begun. And we are nowhere near where we need to be. Science tells us we must lead global heating to one point five degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels. We are on track facility grease at least. Billions of people are all already suffering from our failure to act. Climate Disruption due to our dated addiction to fossil fools. He's causing unprecedented wildfires more intense frequent cyclones, floods, droughts, and other weather extremes. Boksic air pollution is choking our major cities and harming our health. And bow diversity on landon season the growing pressure. No country's immune from the climate crisis. But in every country, it is the poorest and most vulnerable were hardest hit despite having lists to cause the problem. Over the past twenty, five years reach ten percent of the global population as being responsible for more than half of all carbon emissions and the poorest fifty percent were responsible for seven percent of emissions. Ranking justice sending equality of this scale is a cancer. If we don't take now. Sensory may be one of humanity's lust. The covid nineteen pandemic has laid bare the fundamental injustice inequality of our societies. Upheaval of these pandemic presents an opportunity to chart a new course when it can address every aspect of the climate crisis at on. Easterly shows that when we grab such moments we succeed. We can build a safer fairer more resilient worlds, but we need to move quickly. That is why I'm urging government. So take six climate positive actions to recover better together. Invest in Green, jobs. Not. allowed. Polluting Industries especially coal. And fossil fuel subsidies and the price on carbon. They climate risk into account in all financial and policy decisions work together in solidarity and most important leave. No one behind. These is the course of action that thousands of these city states. Regions. University isn't investors are already choosing by committing to net zero emissions by twenty fifty at the latest. Data moving to protect people and planet's momentum is building. Cities and regions with the carbon footprint greater than the United States and companies with revenues of more than eleven point four, trillion US dollars. If now committee to net zero emissions by two, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty. That's double. The number from when this initiative was launched at the Climate Action Summit in two, thousand, nine, nine. Likewise investors managing over four trillion dollars have joined the race to zero. This number also more than doubled since the initiative was first launched at the same time. But it is still necessary for governments to create the tax and regulatory frameworks that will further stimulate climate action by the private sector unions announced plans to cut its emissions at least fifty, five percent by twenty thirty and chief Clem neutrality by twenty. Fifty. And China as announced its intention to become carbon neutral before twenty sixty. And count on these and other mainly meters to present before cop twenty, six concrete plans and policies that will bring the world carbonaro throwing divide twenty-fifty. We must make sure that each country each city company bank and Interest Organization as a transition plan to reach zero net emissions. We also need to see much greater efforts to build resilience in vulnerable countries which to cause climate change, but they are the worst impacts. In the coastal Delta's the islands of the Pacific and the billion and the islands such as the efficacy trial region, we must have people of that to climate impacts as they recover from covid. Nineteen. I call on developed countries to meet their commitment to mobilize one hundred billion US dollars ear for mitigation adaptation and resilience in developing countries. We must work to create the conditions needed for a massive mobilization of funds. Also from financial institutions and private investors, we must keep building climate ambition. On the fifth anniversary of the agreement in December leaders from government business and civil society will gather online to do just that. We need to kick start the race to the Glasgow Climate Conference in Twenty Twenty. One To those who have already joined the race. I. Applaud you. But they also asked you to the Mar and much faster. You have raised your ambition and your commitment. We need you now to also raise your voices and push governments to do better. Especially, those we meet the most. To those yet to join my message is simple. We can only win the race to zero together. So I urge you. To get on boards, the countdown has begun.
Animal Migrations Track Climate Change
"Change is altering the migration routes of animals worldwide. Here's a look at new research on how to species have been affected first mule deer. Every spring in Wyoming vegetation I appears at lower altitudes before progressing up the mountainside, migrating mule deer, follow and forage on this Green Bay, but as a changing climate leads to more frequent and more severe droughts. The Greenery is not as bountiful as it used to be. For Her PhD research at the University of Wyoming Ellen Atkins tracked mule deer as they to the green wave, the green up lasted across the landscape for about half as long in drought years in comparison to wet years, and also the order of green up along these routes were less sequential, so an ascents drought compresses at reshuffles the green wave, and just makes it so that this forging bonanza that dear depend on in their spring migration is really compressed in time, and although the deer were able to keep up with the faster green wave, the nutritional value is lower leaving the animals less prepared for the challenges of the year ahead. Meanwhile in Europe. The population of swans that spend the winter in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands is declining. But when researchers looked at the data more closely, they found an increase in the wintering population of swans in Germany. It turns out that since the nineteen seventies, the swans wintering habitat has shifted an average of thirteen kilometers to the east each year. What we think is that the swans like do spent time in areas where it's five degrees Celsius, and this item has shifted in the same rate as the swans shifted eastward sets a strong indications for us that and actually move with this temperature line. Russia announced of the Netherlands Institute of Ecology. Her team also found that the swans. We're spending less time in their winter homes before flying back to the Russian. Tundra to breed. Neither the mule deer, nor the Buick Swan is endangered, but the findings have broader importance for our understanding the conservation of migratory animals because If you stop thinking of protecting certain plot of land, it's not just the current situation that is their nature is dynamic, and the species that are present now might not be present in ten years time, and not because we didn't protect, but maybe because these species are actually dynamic in ways. We need to include this resilience and the dynamics of nature into our legislation and management.
Will Covid-19 have a lasting impact on the environment?
"The pandemic hit air travel in the US is down ninety five percent the morning rush hour. Traffic report has become unnecessary. Many of you are asking what impact this is having on the environment. So Lauren. Summer is with us. She covers climate change for NPR. And it's good to have you back. Lauren Hi Ari. Let's start with a question that a lot of listeners have asked this one comes from Walker in Ames Iowa the oil consumption due to know car travel and almost no air travel must be much less. Is this lack of carbon dioxide production low enough to meet the goals of the Paris accord is more than enough just to remind listeners? The goals of the Paris accord that was to keep global temperatures from going up two degrees Celsius with an aim of less than one point five degrees Celsius. What's the impact of this slowdown of the global economy? Lauren yeah so as you might expect is having an effect on global carbon emissions largely because demand for oil and coal has really fallen and this is all over not just the US. So scientists are starting to put out studies projecting. What would this look like by the end of the year? If this activity continues you know we all stay locked down a little bit and they're coming up with maybe an eight percent drop in carbon emissions for this year now okay. That would actually be unprecedented. I know it maybe sounds like a small number. That's bigger than the drops during the last recession or during World War Two. But here's the thing that is about. The level scientists save world needs to be cutting emissions every year until twenty thirty to avoid the worst impacts of climate change. That's you know that one point five degrees Celsius that you mentioned and I think scientists are also pointing out shutting down. The economy is not the way to reach. Those long-term emission cuts right. It's these bigger emissions changes like switching to renewable energy. Okay we got a lot of questions. Also about some of the short-term environmental impacts of the pandemic. This one comes from Lois in Raleigh North Carolina. Beautiful spring filled with crystal clear. Low humidity days here in North Carolina because having fewer cars on the road or the factories closed affect the weather but about the global shut down factories. Might that be affecting the weather. Here I've heard a lot of people wondering about this actually clearer. It is yes in a lot of cities gotten cleaner. People are driving less in some cities. I mean car. Traffic is down forty fifty percent. Planes are not flying either so that's actually helped improve local air quality but it is very important to say. The weather plays a huge role in your local air pollution. So if it rains you know it clears the air and the spring typically is not like the summer. It's not our worst season for air pollution. Other places actually though haven't really seen much of a drop because there are things like factories and refineries that are still emitting and trucks are still on. The Roads. Goods are still being delivered to stores. I understand you've been talking with some scientists who are studying the effect of having so few cars on the road and the what are they trying to understand exactly. Yeah I mean. This is a particular interest in cities that have really problematic air and in those cities. They have to try to figure out. What can we change to improve air quality? I mean this is actually kind of just a real world test of that one. Scientists told me that this would be like if in Los Angeles for example. A third of the cars on the road were switched to all electric cars. They don't burn gasoline. They get electricity and in California. A lot of that comes from solar and renewable. So it's cleaner. We have one listener. Who wants to know whether this pandemic could cause environmental damage? The here's Valerie in Arizona. We hear a lot about the air pollution being reduced but not much about the increased fast action Styrofoam especially in food service. What about the possible negative effects on the environment from the Corona virus? That's a good point. All of these restaurants that have switched to delivery or takeout. That's a lot of plastic. Yeah I think people are seeing a lot more containers. People are also seen masks and plastic gloves kind of thrown on the grounds. The pandemic is affecting our efforts to reduce plastic. Waste for example California. Just put a sixty day pause on. Its plastic bag ban. And that's out of concern for frontline workers right. They're the ones that are handling people's reusable grocery bags when they bring them into the store. Starbucks also is is not refilling those reusable coffee mugs for that same reason. It's about reducing exposure environmental groups. They've been largely supportive of these temporary measures because people's lives are on the line but I think they're keeping a close eye to make sure that these are actually just temporary measures and these larger initiatives to reduce plastic waste comeback at some point
How The Coronavirus Pandemic Is Affecting Environment
"Since the pandemic hit air travel in the. Us is down ninety five percent the morning rush hour. Traffic report has become a necessary. Many of you are asking what impact all this is having on the environment. So Lauren summer is with us. She covers climate change for NPR. And it's good to have you back. Lauren Hi Ari. Let's start with a question that a lot of listeners have asked this one comes from Walker in Ames Iowa the oil consumption due to know car travel and almost no air travel must be much less. Is this lack of carbon dioxide production low enough to meet the goals of the Paris accord is more than enough just to remind listeners? The goals of the Paris accord that was to keep global temperatures from going up two degrees Celsius with an aim of less than one point five degrees Celsius What's the impact of this slowdown of the global economy? Lorne yes so as you might expect. It is having effect on global carbon emissions largely because demand for oil and coal has really fallen. And this is all over not just a US right. I mean so. Scientists are starting to put out studies projecting. What would this look like by the end of the year? If activity continues you know we all stay locked down a little bit and they're coming up with maybe an eight percent drop in carbon emissions For this year now okay. That would actually be unprecedented. I know it sounds like a small number. That's bigger than the drops during the last recession or World War Two But here's the thing that is about the level scientists save. The world needs to be cutting emissions every year until twenty thirty to avoid the worst impacts of climate change. That's you know that one point five degrees Celsius that you mentioned and I think scientists are also pointing out you know shutting down. The economy is not the way to kind of reach. Those long-term emission cuts right right. These bigger and missions changes like switch to renewable energy. Okay we got a lot of questions. Also about some of the short-term environmental impacts of the pandemic. This one comes from Lois in Raleigh North Carolina. This is the most beautiful spring filled with crystal clear low humidity days here in. North Carolina is having fewer cars on the road or the factories closed affect the weather brought about the global shut down factories. Might that be affecting the weather here. I've heard a lot of people wondering about this actually clearer. It is yes in a lot of cities it's gotten cleaner you know. People are driving less in some cities. I mean car. Traffic is down. Forty fifty percents. Planes are not flying either. So that's actually helped improve local air quality But it is very important to say. The weather plays a huge role in your local air pollution. So if it rains you know it clears the air and the spring typically is not like the summer. It's not our worst season for air pollution. Other places actually though haven't really seen much of a drop because there are things like factories and refineries that are still emitting and you know trucks are still on the roads. Goods are still being delivered to stores. Right I understand you've been talking with some scientists who are studying the effect of having so few cars on the road and the well. What are they trying to understand? Exactly yeah I mean. This is a particular interest in cities that have really problematic air and in those cities you know. They have to try to figure out. What can we change to improve air quality? I mean this is actually kind of just a real world test of that one. Scientists told me that you know this would be like if in Los Angeles for example. A third of the cars on the road were switched to all electric cars. Don't burn gasoline. They get electricity and in California. A lot of that comes from solar and renewable. So it's cleaner. We have one listener. Who wants to know whether this pandemic environmental damage? Here's Valerie in Arizona. We hear a lot about the air pollution being reduced but not much about the increase fiction styrofoam especially in food service. What about the possible? Negative effects on the environment from Corona virus. That's a good point. All these restaurants that have switched to delivery or takeout. That's a lot of plastic. Yeah I think people are seeing a lot more containers. People are also seeing masks and plastic gloves kind of thrown on the grounds. I think the pandemic is affecting our efforts to reduce plastic waste For Example California. Just put a sixty day pause on its plastic bag ban and that's out of concern for frontline workers right. They're the ones that are handling people's reusable grocery bags when they bring them into the store. Starbucks also is is not refilling those reusable coffee mugs for that same reason. It's about reducing exposure and are groups. You know they've been largely supportive of these temporary measures because people's lives are on the line but I think they're keeping a close eye to make sure that these are actually temporary measures. Right and these larger initiatives to reduce plastic waste kind of comeback at some point if you have a question for NPR's Lawrence Somerset to us at NPR dot org slash national conversation or on twitter use the HASHTAG NPR conversation and our next listener question comes from Laura Intel Keaton Alaska. What effect is this virus having on? Wildlife? I'm thinking of the fact that there's less people out and about and that means there's more room for wildlife I've seen some photos of a Lotta ducks resting in a parking lot while bores and sheep walking down the street. There's a lot of this on social media. Is it just that were home more? So we see the animals more or the animals actually coming out in places that they didn't ordinarily yeah. I mean that's hard to tell right. A lot of us are kind of just looking out the window. Maybe seeing things we didn't see before but some of it is a hoax. Right on social media you know. Maybe you saw those dolphins that were. They weren't actually there. Yeah I'm sorry about that but this they're actually real effects. Scientists are trying to study. You know I spoke to one wildlife rescue center in California. That said you know right now. It's seal and sea lion pumping season. You know every year some pups are concerned because of human interference like people or maybe dogs getting too close and so they're kind of that this year they merely a reprieve for them because some beaches are closed Another really good example is Wales. There's just less shipping traffic right now. And so. The oceans are less and wheels are very sensitive to sound. It's actually Something scientists after nine eleven because there was also a drop in shipping traffic and scientists could actually measure that stress hormones in right. Whales went down during that time period. Interesting we got a question about what's happening to environmental regulations during the pandemic Mike in Portland writes to the EPA suspended environmental rules so companies. Don't have to follow them any longer. Lauren Bizarre Policy Change while everyone was focused on the disease. Yeah in in March the EPA announced that it would not be finding companies if they failed to report their pollution data during the pandemic so an example of this might be that a refinery is reporting. It's air emissions to make sure that they're complying with Federal Clean Air Laws. The agency said that this needed to happen. Because the pandemic is making it harder for staff to collect the safety data and and do social distancing at the same time environmental groups really push back quite strongly. They felt this was too broad. It sent a message to industries. That maybe they would have the freedom to break environmental laws if no one was really checking during this time period just on our final moments so many of the changes were talking about depend on social distancing when the economy returns to something like normal are the gains. We've seen going to be reversed right so we all are starting to get back in our cars and fly. Go back to work industries ramping. Up You expect these of short-term Games are going to go away. I think there's some hope that the behavioral change though like maybe we'll all work from home it's possible. Npr Science correspondent Lawrence Summer. Thanks for answering these questions tonight. Thanks
How a drop in oil prices today could fuel tomorrow's energy transition
"Oil prices take a roller coaster. Ride I'm NPR. Chief meteorologist Paul Hotter here with climate. Castor oil prices fell below zero this week as much of the world shelters in place but the pandemic may also feel a six percent drop in greenhouse gas emissions. This year that's the biggest drop emissions since World War Two. So what does it mean for greenhouse gas emissions and energy as we rebuild the global economy marketplace correspondent Scott? Tong focuses on climate and Energy Scott. Welcome to climate cast. Paul needs to be with you so oil prices dipped into negative territory this week and then they spiked again. Put this into perspective. What's going on with the oil market so demand for the world's oil which until now had been kind of steady by one hundred million barrels of oil every day worldwide. That's fallen by thirty percent and now markets are Kinda flipping out trying to adjust to this whatever you call it. This pandemic normal were in now. Scott the lack of oil demand is also translating into a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions the world meteorological organization now predicts a greenhouse gas emissions will be down about six percent this year and the UN estimates global emissions must fall by around seven and a half percent every year from now until twenty thirty to stay within that one point five degrees Celsius goal on global temperature rise. How can we keep some of these emissions cuts and get the economy working again? I think there are opportunities in. There are also some challenges here. We've lost one in twenty million jobs you know. That's about one. Out of eight of us in the workforce so something has to change but the opportunity is to lock in some telecommute. You know we've learned that a lot of us can do most of our jobs Without having to commute to work there also might be an opportunity as far as our use of oil in the market right now. A lot of oil companies are in tough shape and so they're not investing in finding more oil. So what happens down? The road is if they don't find as much in demand comes back then. The kind of won't be enough in prices are GONNA go up. Then that makes it more affordable to find cheaper greener option. Say to buy electric vehicles and that kind of thing. I understand that if you shut off a well it's not easy to bring back on. Can that push markets in a cleaner greener direction right now in the oilfields of West Texas? They don't make money at the price where it is now. And so those wells are shutting down and a lot of other places that's happening to and for the older oil wells right. They need pressure from underground bringing oil. Backup and if you turn it off. In some cases it doesn't turn back on if oil. Some of that oil has to stay in the ground. Then we kind of have a scenario like Europe right where we're gasoline is just expensive by policy and in places where gasoline at tends to be more expensive greener options become much more affordable and we've seen renewable energy jobs booming. We know that climate solutions can produce jobs. Of course now. We see the oil sector jobs in kind of a bus cycle. So are we likely to see more job shocks and transitions going forward? As our energy balance changes we've seen a lot of oil jobs disappear already. I've done some reporting long distance reporting talking folks in the Permian Basin in West Texas where there had been a lot of energy jobs in those drying up pretty quickly so there are going to be winners and losers in every kind of transition for sure. The job search going to migrate to the industry's tomorrow. Marketplace correspondent Scott Tong. Thanks for sharing your perspective on climate cast today. Of Course Ball. Nice to be with you. That's climate cast. I'm NPR chief meteorologist Paul.
Coronavirus: China reports 121 new deaths
"China reported another one hundred twenty one deaths from corona virus that country's death toll going on fourteen hundred the number of people confined to the diamond princess cruise ship docked in Yokohama Japan who've tested positive for the disease increased their up to sixty eleven of them Americans Utah's Kerry menace Khalkhal talk with ABC news they gave us miner's is to take our temperatures throughout the day and the day because it is about thirty seven point five degrees Celsius in or to report a fifteenth coronavirus case has been confirmed in Texas in individual already in quarantine of a military
Pot Making The Kettle Sicker
"Welcome to you did what now. A podcast where we discuss stories and science and tech the because ask exactly that everyone. Thanks for listening. I'm your host Stephanie. Educator and science aficionado Michael Programmer took A. How's your week Michael of the week? I'm having trouble this week. I need a drink is what I need to. Whiskey POD whiskey pod. I need a world coldest Martini rounds. Call this where do you get? The world's coldest Martini is a couple of his bar. Brooklyn a couple places. Is this a product called to this converge? I GUESS? From Jab from Japan as Super Cooling Magic it basically keeps water at like negative five degree Celsius water a negative five hundred Celsius so free is zero and this is negative five not frozen just has to do with the way the. I don't know I don't really understand. Visit science science soup. They add something to it or maybe alcohol has maybe aware freezing rate. I'm not sure no it's not The the the so this is just water. It's not actually the alcohols not actually yet cocktail with it. So the part of it. I don't have to dive into the crazy physics of it Look it up if you want. I'm sure it's out there. So it's a it's a frigid holds eighty like little vials of liquid. Which you're they're they're basically naked degree so they're already. They should be frozen but they're not for whatever reason the technology and the whatever they do so but when you pour it over your Martini or like on your drink or whatever you want to drink it basically instantly freezes so you get this little like stalactites owning my thing grow as of his little like crystal pile out of the water as it pours is like a little. It's obviously just water. But then you mix it with a Martini. And it's just like a cool little like instagram. -Able showmanship type stuff of point during our fancy over their new Yankees. Yeah I'm sure it's expensive too so but Everything Interesting Job. Yeah. Let's talk about. Do you know found this. I found a fact that I found very surprising to me. that over supposedly according to this one source over eighty percent of people will contract. Hp At some point in their life you heard of this vaguely. I people throw numbers around and help. And whatever the we've vaccine for that now though right. We do have a vaccine. Are you vaccinated? No okay well I mean vaccinated not for that and are you under forty five so far so far. I'm working on it then. You're still at risk of of being one of the eighty percent of people that apparently has Hp in the nation and so on then so in addition to that you know all these people are developing these STD's apparently but you know it doesn't doesn't always lead to that's the big thing with HIV is that it could cause some sort of some sort of cancer related disease in the body But it doesn't always lead to cancer growth by its of these eighty percent of the people that are contracting HIV. How what percentage of those people do you think are smoking pot? I probably the same percentage of the people that are smoking pot seventy-nine nine percent of the people. Hpv are also smoking marijuana. That's that's yeah no but This is this may be a problem because they've just found a study that does it. Cannabis accelerates growth of common tumor such as those caused by HP seller. It's the rural town. Okay I that's interesting for the most part people have said that there's really no side effects to pod and no danger so this is maybe that maybe it's not as natural inorganic as as people might otherwise suggest what can be organic. But that doesn't Sharia the growth of the ground and it's an opium can be organic natural. But that doesn't mean that it doesn't have any doesn't have any drawbacks to it. But it can affect affect your body negative ways so yeah you know and. I think it's interesting. There's a there's a big push right now at least here in Austin Texas to maybe not decriminalize but definitely lesser. The effects of people that are caught with small amounts of marijuana drug either on their body or in their car. And I don't know if at some point it will become legal here in Texas and other states. I don't know what's the status in New York is it is illegal in New York. Don't say legalize it just legalize I. I can't keep track. I don't know pot or not yet anyway. New Jersey. It's it's still medically legal in New York and New Jersey and supposedly and this is it's them for two or three years now. I remember when the last when we ousted Christie but everybody was saying that once we once Chris Christie and the next governor would pretty much Make legal like all around but so far that hasn't been the case. They haven't expanded that the legalization New Jersey for whatever for mostly. I'm sure political and economical reasons. They're just waiting to find me. The people that are GONNA MAKE. The money are waiting to find the right way to make money. Yeah well that's stuff. Well I I would predict that within the next five to ten years. It's just going to be nationally legal because it's you know it's already becoming legal and all these different states and I feel like one states. Make a certain legal. It doesn't take very long for it to become legal everywhere in the United States for the most bird. Yeah Yeah but you know. A lot of people argue that it's you know it has maybe health benefits to it. I know One person a friend of a friend who claims that it. It cured her cancer. She's decided not to do Chemo For whatever cancer she had and instead just you know. Smoke her whatever. Yeah I know it can in certain cancer patients it can. It can definitely help. Treat the nausea and other side effects saying they might have from but yes no. She actually claims it. It cured her cancer But that is unfounded unfounded unproven claim. Yes this there's some of those out there for sure but Nobody thought this article is interesting because it was it was. They found a direct link between the between the cell lines in they. Will they tested both both? The actual cancer cells the human cancer cells that that had a this cancer cancerous growth and then they tested the mice that they that they gave an HP virus to and then they monitored the growth of the cancer cells in those mice that were injected with THC. Those another question I had is like how do you? How do you have my smoke pot all day birthday? Give him little tiny tiny cigarettes to smoke gas. Just throw some teams like going to a party in the village yeah. That's an interesting job if your job is to get mys- holiday but no they they just They do the scientific way and inject them straight with teach C- So yeah so. They found that it actually interferes with cellular pathway. That stops the growth of the cancer Okay that's interesting. I guess it's still. There's a it's basically blocking your immune system from fighting the cancer. Yeah I mean it's it's not your immune system necessarily yourself have systems that will will shut down cell growth and that's how it should happen in cells the at some point the cells need to stop dividing right. So if you're if you have a cut on your arm and the cells around the cut need to need to grow go. They need to divine so that it can steal the wound. Right will wendo cells touch each other when a cell is surrounded by cells on every side of it there are certain triggers in their certain pathways. That will turn off the dividing mechanisms. So and what they found was that the thc in these cancer cells actually disrupts those mechanisms at turn off the cell growth and so yeah the mice that were The mice that were delivered. Thc had faster cellular growth of the cancer but this is the HP specific prompted. A prompt is not the right word. But the cancers caused by HP v S early all cancer not necessarily all cancer yet. They I don't know that they have studied other types of cancer. I think they were sitting specifically. Hpv related head and neck cancer. Because it is one of the fastest growing
2019 Was The 2nd-Hottest Year On Record
"Last year was the second hottest ever recorded. It's the latest scientific confirmation that the planet is getting steadily hotter and NPR's Rebecca Hersher reports. This fact is is more and more obvious to humans going about their daily lives. Twenty nineteen was the second hottest year on record. According to the latest data released by the National Oceanic and atmospheric ear could ministration and NASA records. Go back more than a century so twenty nineteen is the second hottest twenty sixteen was the hottest and the third hottest artist was two thousand. Fifteen Gavin Schmidt is the director of NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies. The fact is is Wilmington. Every year we add one extra. The data points to this cross. The main thing here is is not really the ranking but is the consistency of the long term trends that we're seeing. The long term trend goes back decades AIDS. The two thousand ten were the hottest decade ever before that the two thousands had that title and so on the earth getting steadily hotter every decade. Today the planet is about one degree Celsius warmer than it was in the Mid Twentieth Century. Twenty eighteen report. By the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on climate change warned that warming of one point five degrees Celsius would be catastrophic for millions of people the warming up until now cincinnati seventeen has been quite close Oceania kind of extrapolate. That Ford knew would imagine that we would cost one point five in around twenty thirty five but of course that depends on what we do with emissions human emissions of greenhouse gases are the overwhelming driver of global warming and right now global emissions are rising the US has omitted the most total co two. Who of any country? The data released today also illustrate how different regions are being affected. The Arctic is warming three times faster than the rest of the planet. Hot Hot Ocean. Water helped power dangerous. Cyclones in disrupted fisheries in the continental. US rain patterns are changing. D.C Aren't works on. Forecasting Noah Noah he says hotter temperatures are making droughts more severe. A warmer atmosphere is a thirstier atmosphere sucking up moisture and dumping rain all at once. It's or seeing the largest event getting larger that means more flood risk for example in two thousand nineteen big rainfall events drove record breaking floods along the Mississippi tippy river and its tributaries and as the Earth keeps getting hotter. All of these trends will keep getting more pronounced. Rebecca Hersher N._p._R.
Disappointment as marathon climate talks end with slim deal
"Moment changes spurred a worldwide movement with protesters warning it's an existential threat to the world as we know it but while the final declaration from Madrid spoke of an urgent need to address it the meeting failed to produce increased pledges to cut greenhouse gases next year top twenty five president Carol Inish meant regretfully after all the hard work that you have all done we couldn't get on to an agreement the twenty fifteen Paris climate accord established the common goal of avoiding a global temperature rise of more than one point five degrees Celsius by the end of the century the world is currently on track for three to four degree rice on Ben Thomas
Chill Out in the Icing Research Tunnel
"Bundled up against the bitter cold. Researchers in this wind tunnel are making ice. Oh well the cold never bothered them. Anyway this is innovation now bringing you stories behind the ideas that shave our future. Olaf could spend any summer day in one of the busiest wind tunnels finals at NASA. The icing research tunnel at NASA. Glenn the Iot is the oldest operating icing tunnel in the world. Temperatures as low as negative negative twenty five degrees Celsius year round are used to create icing conditions inside the tunnel that would be faced by planes on the ground or in the air supercooled super cool water droplets form icing cloud that coats the large scale models or even full size planes within with the help of complex equipment scientists into scattered data about the temperature distribution over the objects. NASA uses that data as part of ongoing research to develop effective DE ICING AND ANTI ANTI ICING techniques. Use to protect both military and commercial aircraft. Today so the next time. You're playing being de iced. On the runway you can thank the scientists who come home from work each day frozen
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on High and Mighty
"In the middle and you're like a we'll just expand out then we'll work from here and let it trickle because the the oil come. We're not going to change their mind. The only thing that really will work to lower the temperature of the planet one point five degrees Celsius. Iva Joke where Mike but the more pressing issue is that we don't oh no what Celsius is figure that out first and then the rest of us can find out what to Okay forgive me. I should have assumed that I have a lot of Canadian friends. They have patients for a lady from pits. What do we need to do for that. One point five degrees so you imagine the idea of your house is hot. It's the middle of October September as we've been seeing her. He waves have now shifted to like fucking December but it's also weirdly shifted. I feel like here do you. Totally we have like our summers pushed back away. Our Summer Starts July tenth and and goes till October Halloween Halloween Fourth of July two Halloween here and I had to mentally agree with like do that shift for myself because I was mentally still on an east east coast time. I'm like I want to be going to the beach in March and April no and you can't. It's like windy rainy which is great. We've we've I've not seen a rain season the way this last year has been which was like Oh. This is awesome. I've only been living here for seven years and that's the most amount of rain I've ever seen ever when you begin people laugh. It's like old. We're talking weather other inside. Weather girls have had the cool strobes forever. We've just put them on the back burner but like they have the best. They're the ones we should be like talking to more often. They're the ones I can see the patterns and give you the solutions you know how like.
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on The Tennis Podcast
"What about the rest of it feels like? Tennis has his like about three days ago that we were talking about Katie. Katie Boulter everybody today. What I mean it was actually yesterday. She is. After one it's one fifteen in the morning, thanks. This is the dedication. We have to you here on the tennis podcast Kickstarter Mattis, having a baptism of Australia. Matt is being here since about nine o'clock this morning. I mean, his enthusiasm is off the scale. This is what you've done folks kicking brought grad matted here. He is a way after his bedtime. He's air at one fifteen in the morning should say Allen, we gone to so Kickstarter clauses that twelve hours twelve hours, folks. So if you want to take some of the predictions, you still can't if you wanna just do your bit. And I don't know by by grad matter, a bear get get Catherine get Catherine the cheese board and. Now, you kind of your cheese ball passing cheese? Yeah. So gee, anyway. Yeah. You go about twelve hours to guy fights, I kicked out dot com. Such the tennis podcast. So Katie Boulter. She had this win today. And my goodness today yesterday, wasn't she brilliant. I did not know she had that. Yeah. What a bull strike her to both strike as she read it on new. She had a new Abol strike. I thought she when the first six love this is against Katrina Makarova, who's a very very good player. The bit that I was really shocked by was a thought riot Makarevich going to try and drag are into third set into the trenches make or could. And it was so hot today wasn't. It was thirty five degrees celsius, and they were playing in the heat is building. And I thought if the moment went into a third set thought no chance bell to wins. This completely wrong. She stuck in. And she ended up getting into a final set tiebreak the first ever champions tiebreak at your strain open, the first ten pointer. And there was that magical moment where bowl to completely forgot the rules and started celebrating the win at seven points to four because you thought she'd wanna time break as you actually clenched his fish goes to the net. She's taking visor off. She's taken all the applause crown crab thinks she's one as well. Because I don't know the rules say I am one year Chatwin three more points. She did tell you. The problem is communicating it to the fan. Funds inconsistency. She's blooming. Good. She really was. And I agree with you. I'd all but written her off in that final set. In fact, is seen as she sort of went down in the second. So an owner owned by this point we'd already seen to Brits lease because her dauntless six love six love. And actually, I actually seen the doctor harsh school. I thought she was better than six love six today. I watched the match and she had a lot of game points in that match. And just didn't take them. I mean. I think that's generous. I I like Harry dots game. And she's you know, she's the the very beginning of her career in this immense improvements to make I think our attitude is good. She desperate learned from it. She was appropriately. Gutted by what happened today? I really do. I think you know, she missed out on a game too. Well, by one point that's tennis. Davidson moisture person that I if United. I mean, that's I mean is horribly Brita thing say, isn't it that she she was worthy of love enough defeat. But. She was really good and she played it. So she just kept the pressure on all the time. AKC Volta back to the winds down Evans. Dan evans. I was out there for now. Then so I was sent out starter set T down to the first six to something Tatsumi ITO. He's. I missed that one six six sent out. The start started the second set because topsy Morita his his opponent is basically on leg to medical time out. He's getting treatment every change of end. He's basically sort of at death's door, right? So Unicom cameraman head out courtside. It's any forty four degrees. You'll be fine. Have a seat courtside and just be on standby because Ito's going to retire anytime. And then you can interview with the Donovan's and about fifty hours later Tatsumi ITO has had some sort of leg replacement while he was in his bathroom break. He's got his fourth wind. And you know, he's going to flip him win the tournament..
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on Weather Geeks
"For seventy or average. But that means somewhere else in the hemisphere most likely because the trend is downward overall most likely somewhere else having an exceptionally one similar period. And that's been true for the last seventy is. Did you find any similar tendencies, I guess or trends in the southern hemisphere vortex? Same thing is true. In the southern we to a lesser extent the decree the rate of decreases a little bit less there because the continent in the atmosphere is considerably less than it is in the northern hemisphere. That's pretty remarkable stuff. Now, did you stop somewhere near? Well. You said eight hundred eighty what if you went up near the trouble pause or went up into the stratosphere the stratospheric polar vortex. Did you see did you look for civil? And if you did did you see changes there as well? I haven't done that yet. But that's easy to do. It would be the exact same calculation with different variable at a different level. But it'd be really interesting to know, I suspect we'd probably see a cooling in the stratosphere and the lower part of the stratosphere. Withdrawal higher. Yeah. That's consistent. With what the satellites are telling us, John. I think that the diagnostic that you've developed have been applying over the last several years is really a nice comprehensive one the look at measures of as you described it the the shrinkage of the cold air during the wintertime, and you look at this also during the rest of the year. Yeah. It shrinks away to almost zero in the northern hemisphere around July tenth to the twentieth. But the the day on which disappears and reappears is interesting to you can kind of see that gap widening a little bit. So even into the summertime its discernible signal to a nice measure of the global nature of climate. Yeah. Yeah. That's right. Right. What do you think that would change the distribution or statistics of the cyclones that roam around the periphery of the polar vortex or the circum polar flow of the the weather systems? In other words that go by the world, you know, that we get our snowstorms arrangements. Is it short of shape and intensity of? Of that coal pool is that going to change the storms that we get trying to bring this into practical terms, say live in New York where you live in Chicago or anybody gonna change anything. I would think in John this is just John's diagnostic look to this a lot. But if that five degrees celsius isotherm mine. Lies in the bundle of isotherm 's that characterizes the northern hemisphere's main barracuda city if that's shrinking might say something about the shift in the location of the psych loans..
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on Post Reports
"It's pretty clear that US greenhouse gas emissions. Went up twenty eighteen at a time. When the world is saying that we need to make a sharp turn and everybody's emissions. Need to go down and need to go down fast. So it really raises in a big way. The question of what the US is role is going to be or is not going to be in contributing to that. Scientists have warned that the impacts of client change will be devastating and likely irreversible. If global temperatures rise by just one point five degrees celsius we are already up one degree and to keep that temperature from rising more the world has just a decade to dramatically reduce carbon emissions but climate reporter. Chris Mooney says that that reduction did not happen this year. Not by a long shot. We're looking here at the emissions of only carbon dioxide, it's the main greenhouse gas, and it's coming from a variety of sectors of the economy that we all participate in various ways, the generating of electricity the driving of vehicles or flying of planes, the production of goods in factories and industrial facilities and the living in buildings or working in buildings that a needle kinds of power air conditioning, all kinds of other. That also draw trinity. And so the conclusion was that all of those things in two thousand eighteen oh, those things in two thousand eighteen led the United States emissions to go up which flies in the face of the trend, which is that they've been going slowly downward, which was good news..
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on No Such Thing As A Fish
"Dern gay furred Tae Aroha is a tiny farming community with a population of three thousand nine hundred near to wear ordering grew up the townspeople were so excited by the news that they announced plans to paint all of the buildings pink and invited our during to visit. So that she can take part in the traditional Maori practice of burying the after birth in the earth to send a did not respond to the offer perhaps because she was considering her options earlier in the year. Another Maori tribe had suggested she buried her placenta at the spot where Britain signed the treaty that led to the founding of modern New Zealand as well as putting a small town on the map this year. Just send a fronted of national campaign to help put New Zealand back on the map as she pointed out in a video she made with comedian restore be world maps produced in other countries have a worrying tendency to leave out New Zealand. The board game risk a map in New York. Central park zoo, a John Lewis tablecloth and an episode of the Simpsons are just four the places you won't find it. According to online communities have been monitoring, the problem for some years now, maybe it doesn't exist. Maybe it doesn't. We went there. May it exists. Well, they said we were in New Zealand two point. It looked a lot like Wales. I'll menia means had a snowball fight in temperatures of twenty five degrees celsius showed him over wolves to find that. So the snow was transported from the meaning mountains in unannymous dump truck specifically to celebrate the fights the prime minister, Serge suction that step down in the face of huge public protests. Some set the white snow showed the demonstrates is purity on the desire for democracy in the country. But most just saw it as a way to have a fun in twenty-fifty Mia, meaning people voted to swap their presidential system for parliamentary one with a country run by a prime minister this year suction who had been president for the previous ten years said he would not try to become prime minister. And indeed the opposition plenty to farewell tree to say good riddance to him two days later, though, the Republic party of Armenia confirmed it would nominate Sargsyan so the country's next prime minister a role that thanks to new laws meant he would be even more powerful than he had ever been as president during the protests that ensued opposition leader nickel. Passion, led the two hundred kilometer March from. Armenia's second city of Guillaume Ray to the capsule yet of them while he was promptly arrested further marches followed in which some twenty percents of the country took part socks. Yeah. And eventually bowed suppression precious saying I was wrong while nickel passion was right Pinon became a menas new prime minister. Oh, me's American soldiers gave away the location of secret military bases by going jogging. There's GPS tracking company called strata, which employs satellite information to map,.
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on VIBES-LIVE
"But it is unclear what concrete commitments may result at issue is what scientists called carbon budget because carbon dioxide lives in the atmosphere for so long. There's only limited. That can be emitted before becomes impossible to avoid a given temperature like one point five degrees celsius and since the world emits about forty one billion tons of carbon dioxide per year. If the remaining budget is four hundred ten billion tonnes, for example, can say we have ten years until the budget is gone and one point five celsius is locked in until emissions star to decline which gives more time. This is why scenarios for holding warming to one point five degrees celsius require rapid and deep changes to how we get energy the window may now be as narrow as around fifteen years of current emissions. But since we don't know for sure, according to the researchers that really depends on how much of origin of error. We're willing to give ourselves and if we can't other gases such as methane, or if the Arctic permafrost starts emitting large volumes of additional gases, then the budget gets even narrow. It would be an enormous challenge to keep warming below threshold of one point five degrees celsius says Shindo. Bluntly, this would be really enormous lift so enormous. He said that it would require a monumental shift. Decarbonisation by two thousand thirty barely a decade away the world's emissions would need to drop by about forty percent. But the middle of the century societies would need to have zero net. Emissions. What might that? Look like in part would include things such as no more gas powered vehicles phase out of coal fired power plants and airplanes running on biofuels. He said, it's a drastic change. He said, these are huge, huge shifts..
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on Vox's The Weeds
"Hello, welcome to another episode of the weeds on the box media podcast network. I, Matthew yglesias Ezra Klein and Sarah, cliff. We got in on Friday. We've got a nother special midterms episode coming for you tomorrow. But today we wanted to get serious, get real. Talk about the big picture. Talk about the climate change and the IDC report as what does IPCC stand for. Oh, I genuinely did not prepare for that question. You prepared for the segments looks like so deeply into this report. I like dot, who wrote this huge stack. The paper governmental panel on climate. Well, that makes sense. You really, you've really disturbed by thority even your die. So let's talk about what what's going on this report. So back when they were negotiating the Paris climate agreement, there was kind of interesting fight that broke out over what the world's target for climate change should be. The generally accepted number is two degrees celsius, which is I think, the three and a half, three point, seven degrees Fahrenheit, roughly, and a lot of countries, particularly small island countries, but about fifty countries that are unusually climate vulnerable. The came forward and said, two degrees celsius is in an okay target. Like two degrees celsius means we are under water, and the target should be one point, five degrees celsius, which it's worth saying, we will says it like, we're not on track to meet either of these goals. But they came forward and said that the global target here is climate is for them. And so there was a strange compromise reached where the target remained two degrees celsius, but there's like an extra target created, you know, like what would be really great is if we can hold it to one point five degrees. And so as part. Of that the IPC was directed to produce report on one point, five degrees of global warming which again is lower than what we've generally been estimating. There's actually not been that much research on and discussion of the one point, five degrees celsius target. So this report written and edited by ninety one scientists from forty countries analyzing more than six thousand scientific studies. So like what you're seeing here is a like international scientific community consensus, and it finds a couple of things. First, the warming up to one point, five degrees celsius would incur fifty four trillion dollars in damage. And if it goes up to two degrees, that was sixty nine trillion dollars in damage by the way begins going up above that. If you begin to get into that three degrees three and a half degrees, the the numbers magnified, they get into the many hundreds of trillions of dollars of damage. Like e you begin to get into clarity that we actually don't really know how to affectively model. But the other thing that the report says in addition to that, there will be really, really serious owning problems from one pathetically celsius. This is it. We are Inouye on a track to stop that to have a reasonable chance of limiting warming to one point, five degrees global CO. Two emissions are now about forty billion tons a year. They will need to be halved by twenty thirty and basically zero by twenty fifty. And on top of that zero by twenty fifty, we'd need to be doing probably carbon capture out of the atmosphere, which is incredibly unaffordable currently, like we are pulling out of the Paris climate agreements. So the big picture support is that one point, five degrees is really bad. The cost of it globally would be really severe. A lot of countries for some countries will be very manageable for some countries. It will be disastrous. I mean, they will be the end of that country and in order to stop it, we would have to be doing a World War Two scale mobilization around climate that nobody's even considering right now, it just as we're saying, we are on track for three, three and a half degree celsius of warming. So not just the two degrees, but significantly higher than that and into the range where our modeling begins to break down because the amount. Damage or doing to go want. Miss fear is just beyond what we have enough experience to say confidently what will happen in it. So this is a scary report. One of the odd things about it is it got a lot of attention despite, I think that's a lot of people in the climate community. We've been on track to be above two celsius for so long that tavern report about one point..
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on Science Friday
"Limit warming? Well, below two degrees and pursue efforts for one point, five degrees celsius of warming. And that was because for some of the most vulnerable countries, you can think about small island developing states. One point, five degrees celsius is also going to harm wellbeing to a tremendous extent. So what this report did was look at what are the differences between warming of one point? Five degrees celsius and two degrees celsius of warming. And how much harder is it to get to one point five degrees celsius as opposed to two degrees celsius. And they found that indeed, we are definitely not on track and the half degree of warming actually can make a tremendous difference for example. So for example, what they found is they looked across a number of different systems and they found, for example, for extreme heat, the percentage of the global population exposed to. Severe heat wave, which we've already started to experience with one degree of warming, at least once every five years is two and a half times worse with two degrees of warming instead of one point, five degrees celsius of warming. If you think about sea ice free Arctic in the summer when you don't have any ice on top of the Arctic, this could happen at least once every hundred years with one point, five degrees celsius warming, but at least once every decade under two degrees celsius of warming and that can impact climate change even further because you have a dark service that opens up underneath the ice and absorbs more warmth. Sea level rise is point, six meters more with two degrees as opposed to one point five degrees. And while that doesn't sound like a lot, that translates to millions more people being impacted a species losses. Two times worse for both plants invertebrates that lose at least half of their range under two. Degrees of warming as opposed to one point five degrees of warming three times worse for insects, almost forty percent worse under two degrees versus one point five degrees for the amount of permafrost that would thought in the in the Arctic. So these are some really big numbers. One of the most devastating and surprising wants to me was for coral reefs where the report found that under one point five degrees celsius warming, we would see seventy to ninety percent of a further decline in coral, Reeves with two degrees more than ninety nine percent, which is just tremendous. Does it look like? There's any way we're going to be able to stay under that two point zero degrees. So what the report finds is that both two degrees celsius warming and one point five degrees celsius of warming is technically feasible..
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on The Energy Gang
"I am not optimistic at all, but we are still at a point where we can have a legitimate discussion about one point, five degrees celsius. So there's a sliver of optimism in that context. It would they, I think they let it out is the difference between a one point, five, two degrees scenario in disease, drought, famine, sea level, rise water and food security climate refugees. They show that there is much there are much worse outcomes. If we, if we hit two degrees, rather the one point five and they. So what they're trying to do is get us. I think to focus on look. Can do this. We have twelve years to really put everything into it to get there. It's possible if we don't do it, you know, there are a lot of bad things that are going to happen. There are a lot of bad things that are happening anyway. But I think what this does is it says, look, we can do it. We're not just throwing up our arms and saying, it's impossible become through my wrong about the way this has ruled out. I mean, wasn't it the case that all the governments around the world signed a letter saying that we are going to commit ourselves to two degrees in two thousand nine Copenhagen. And then Bill mckibben said, screw that. We have to be at three hundred fifty parts per million, not four hundred million, which is one point, five degrees. And then he's been like rattling the saber I'm one point, five degrees and then suddenly out of nowhere. Everyone's talking about one point five degrees. Well, I think what they're finding is that in all of these sustainable development goals that were put together following Paris and they're seventeen of them that look at, you know everything from poverty to hunger to economic growth, clean energy, water at cetera. There are so many synergies. Between all of these different sustainable development goals. And as policy start rolling out, there's I think they're seeing that. There's actually a possibility of mitigating below two. Now, you know, I agree. It's hard to foresee it, but I think one of the big mistakes is that people just throw their arms up and this was embedded in a report that the White House put out. The Trump white has put out about karma shifts where buried in that report. It said, you know what? We're gonna get seven degrees Fahrenheit increase anyway. So we might as well not even bother will. That's not what we want to have happen. We want people to see that their ways that we can we can solve this and that we just have to. We have to put our minds and are willing to it, we'll, but like my angle on my angle on this is this is the this. This entire report feels like it's not part of the continuum. It's actually made directly in response to Trump, but like every. Single world leader since o nine has said that one point, five degrees is impossible since owned nine. There's not been a single world leader who said that anything better than two degrees was even possible. I so for them to sort of reset it to for dramatic effect seems ridiculous..
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on The Ben Shapiro Show
"All of this is to say that these estimates are wildly overstated in terms of the amount of damage that they are likely to do. The reason that I say that because the report itself the way that. These things get reported in the media is that there is virtual certainty in the scientific community that the stuff is going to happen. The problem is that virtual scientific consensus doesn't actually exist on a lot of key issues. So for example, as I pointed out this morning, there are significant questions in the report about the level of confidence in specific in specific predictions, and just a second. I'm gonna talk about those specific predictions a, so here's here's what you need to know about the IPC. So the makes two types of predictions in this report. The first type of prediction is that two degrees of global warming will be worse than one point five degrees of global warming celsius. Okay. And they say that with high confidence, meaning by their metric, eight and ten confidence eighty percent confidence. Okay. Well, let's fair rhyming. Seems like more global warming would be worse than less global warming. That seems like the assumption that we're going, then they get to the actual specific predictions. And with those virtually every specific prediction they make about the amount of damage that's going to be done to the work. Climate based on one point, five degrees celsius of change. Virtually all of their predictions are couched in terms of medium confidence, medium conference according to the, at least according to the two thousand seven report where they defined the terms the only place I could see them to finding the terms medium conference means a fifty fifty shot. So basically flip a coin as to whether they are right or wrong on this, and then you're going to determine whether we ought to destroy capitalism on the basis of the. So for example, in the in the first chapter, while in the summary rather than the summary of findings for the IPC report, it says of the one hundred and five thousand species studied six percents of insects, eight percents of plants..
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Briefing
"And it's time now to Brown's through today's newspapers. Joining me here at the table in Monaco's. Zero bureau is Monaco's Berlin. Zurich contributing editor, Jessica bridgier, Jessica, welcome back to the program. We've been talking about the strong Swiss franc already on this show and that's playing into Swiss tourism, isn't it? Yes, it is. Swiss tourism was hit hard after the financial crisis in two thousand eight, and it was also has been hit hard by the increasing value of the Swiss francs. So tourism in Switzerland is seen as being expensive, especially regionally. So for example, people have been more often skiing in Austria and Germany, and actually in the paper today, there's an ongoing debate about the tourism industry in its federal subsidy, and the industry is asking for two hundred and forty million for the years. Two thousand twenty two thousand twenty three to be funded to them to support TAC MED. Outreach and keep the industry contemporary. But in the paper today, this was kind of positioned as being economic losers, who cling to state aid are weak. And that in part, I think is going to be something that you're going to get. If you get aid in the agriculture industry, Switzerland also receives a lot of aid, but some regions are making a lot of progress. For instance, in the article, the DeVos Lenzerheide Orosa region was pointed out is making great progress from the more bottom up way really. Interesting. And it's so funny when we've we've got the good that comes with a word of caution. Always talking about the strong Swiss currency there. You know exports being head, but also concerning times for tourism. Quite interesting people maybe not both coming into the country, but people also leaving the country that are Swiss citizens. We're going to go from the German language ends at Zad over to the French-Language Swiss national newspaper. Tom, and we also have been talking about sustainable investing on this show and a lot of that has to do with energy production, doesn't it? Yes, it does. So sustainable investing, one of its kind of core ways that people can invest in infrastructure and in energy infrastructures. One of the big kind of three and the article today was talking about how this summer was proposed as being a grand cru for energy production, but it was really corked by the heat waves and weather patterns that we have, which impacted everything from nuclear to win. For example, solar production, if temperatures are above thirty, five degrees celsius generates about thirty percent less energy. On the other hand, energy prices were quite robust demand was high from in particular for cooling, love a good wine metaphor. Jessica, someone must have you. Let us flip over now to the financial times. Volvo an IPO that's going to be backed by a Chinese company. Can you tell us about that? Yeah. So the Chinese owners of Volvo Gilly have decided to hold back the IPO because of global trade war worries. And what they're worried about is the invest the possible investors in that IPO many of which were due to be Swedish pension funds in what is a Swedish carmaker might lose value after the IPO due to instability in the markets. Really interesting so much playing in two markets and trade today, so much about the Swiss currency playing into in today and and they all seem to lead back to sort of simmering trade war between China and the US is so interesting there. Let's head to the front page of the f. t. now, which is really interesting. This banner that you pointed out that you really can't miss today. Smuggling reporting they're doing about the opioid crisis. Is that right? Yeah. Yes. So the financial times along with other international newspapers and magazines has been doing a lot of reporting recently about Purdue pharma and produce farmers and by the Sackler family and there was, for instance, a large expose and their New Yorker. And there been a bunch of breaking stories in the f. t. about that family and about that company. And there's over a thousand lawsuits in the US alone against them for having marketing practices, which really fueled in knighted the opioid crisis in that has been responsible in two thousand seventeen total drug overdose deaths that year was seventy two thousand in the US that is more than car accidents and opioids are a'major cause of drug overdose deaths and sort of a hidden. Ownership of an production of a lot of these generic drugs and that generic opioids from one of the biggest families. Is that right? Yes. The Sackler family also was revealed..
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on MacBreak Weekly
"I don't know what's going on. I feel like I've, I've damaged this somehow. No, that's not. Now we can't damage it that way. Let's let's let's give good thoughts to Leo's one. Concentrate all you can't damage it that way. As it melts in new blows up in your hands. Don't too bad. There's a video of this. Leo we saw you plug in the thing and unplug the thing and do the thing, and now it's broken. You did the thing that we told you not. Into the thing, how. In the world. I don't know what was going on. It was just it was thinking unlock with an apple watch. Yeah. Okay. Let me just, but it is a very close relationship between a Jeep and everything else. So don't. Yes, especially with MAC OS. Yes, don't do what I just did. Just leave it plugged in and make sure you undocked safely before you leave. That is kind of a drawback that you have. Oh, oh, that's the the monitor coming back. Yeah, because we're connected to, okay, we're all canal logic is reopening. Okay. Okay. Loading, loading, loading. All sorts of stuff is loading. Yeah, restore those pages. I want them back. I want my life back. You know, the Intel CPU gadget is still there. Yeah, it's running. Great air we go now, should I? Okay. E. g. p. you is engaged, I believe. Yes, it is. Shall I play some music? It's all right. Yep, I can't control the sound that's good. Sign. Actually, what I wanna do is reduce the size of this though, so I could see the GP going. I don't hear anything. Do you hear anything. Turn it down. You kids. So yeah, look at it throttle Dono that's poltics never mind four gigahertz three point. Six, nine gigahertz temperature is actually cool. A cool seventy five degrees celsius. Why? It's balmy. It's like the surface of Mars. So I don't know how many tracks are. There's seems like quite a few here. This is the Beck demo that comes with logic. Seems to be handling it quite well. What should I do too. Trick to challenge the effects, right? It's like the alchemy stuff I think at some effects. All right. That's beyond my scope. Seems to be working not throttling. 'cause I have the GP you on on else. Should I run? Maybe I should run a movie while we're doing this. Let me run handbrake. I can just I can bring it to it's knees. Watch. Actually, this would be a good test of whether. Handbrake. It whether the patch fixes. So now I'm going to start trans coding, but see, I need to get a encode pending. So what we want to encode as fast that's not do fast. Let's do. Let's encode it for super high quality. Why not in surround sound, the magic Christian ladies and gentlemen. Now, how much would you pay look at that temperature at one hundred degrees instantly and the processor. Oh. Now at nominal. Oh, it stopped at three gigahertz. That's coming back. I'm doing logic and trans coating, the magic Christian and extreme quality. Maybe the patch did and could difference look at that. That's awesome. Look at that this on Saturday, we, we were able to bring the. Processor to it's knees, even just prince Cody. Now I presume it's using the GP you right? It's any way to know that. I mean, you got unplug it and run it and see what it looks like on plug it no way you so. Eject it. Sorry, I meant the, yeah, it's now at nominal two point. Nine gigahertz it's right on the line there. It's not going below it, which is interesting. And it's really, it's not. It's not too hot to touch. It's hot. Okay. So there you go. You hear it playing at the logic without faltering. You here at transient, transporting. That's good enough for me. Right. No, no, Andy, no, no, I was. I was grunting in Africa nation and also acknowledging that when you get to performance of this kind, it's it doesn't. It doesn't raise all boats in the harbor at the same time, right? It really depends on what you're doing and mostly mostly the the explanation for all for these highest end pro machines is if you can figure out how much money you lost by having to wait ten minutes for something to happen, it's usually worth you're investigating the newest hottest hardware'd not right..
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on Wow In the World
"No to all of them the the thing about these mingo 's is they often live in places like this where the only water even vailable to them is pretty much near boiling yeah i can feel the hot steam rising from that water all the way over there walk with me guira is okay not only are these fancy flamingos able to stand around in this scalding hot water all day but when may do there's somehow able to stay to literally chill in a gift even crazier because sometimes he'll even don't their full entire bodies in it to wash off i always keep my best sweet exactly thirty two point five degrees celsius it's the optimal temperature for scrubbing why you keep that digital thermometer on the second shelf of your back for medicine cabinet why would you know what i keep in my medicine cabinet why would you know what you keep in your medicine cabinet yeah anyway these guys would mind if i use some of their waterton make some hot tea i mean all this traveling is making me thirsty i don't think they mind it's just that right excuse me trying to get by no orange pekoe and hibiscus my favorite was you're making your tea with the go water what happened i was trying to worry about not only this will mingo water super hot but it's also salt water and probably toilet for the plumbing goes what did you tell me sooner mindy do these flamingos drink this salt water there aren't many animals on the planet that can handle salt water you know what i mean well the mingo actually have a special gland in their knows that lets them filter the salt out of the water that drinking.
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on As It Happens from CBC Radio
"Cannot rip your hands around half of it if you want to give it a hawk look like you're hawking oh let's say hina giant giant snow meant that will be a very greasy snowman yes but it's hard to fats s o brutal you wouldn't really like sink into its are all less it's like thirty five degrees celsius outside which we have experienced a the first summer actually when it gets pretty warm sort of becomes a little bit sticking but now it's winter time so it's nice and heart phoolan that's behaving itself uh what compelled to make sense tag i guess interesting and sets think of it there's never been more sets in the history of life on this planet and so somehow these 50s here's wants to be here at wants to express itself but it does so in very limited fishing marty's thus making sure of ron and others offs so we felt we needed to find an autonomous free space with such a we understand this material that's so and chronic for h using sat is misunderstood i think we are not spending a lot of time with this very very interesting material though well it's for organic material produced by life unfair trenches with water or something like this what it gets a credit strikes oakland hot water when he writes poetry you've i wonder if i die owes it though taking off bicycle through a spring ray um you know it's such a sets up a pet doesn't really create that sort of response in us and may be a little bit deeper refute this this theory wants to be there that's why we are doing not dropped not as some sort of a strange sculpture but just because set wants to be out there wants to be seen it wants to be looked at i know houses with but that's how we see it oh it definitely sounds weird and we'll see how people respond lights suit telling them um different waste but to be honest uh where we could have some almost equal really express y when wanted to do this as well so take them into the process makes you have improved a bit of set themselves up to the i look people basically fall in love with is slowed they also stopped to fall in love with the material that's obviously a terrorist is a little bit.
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on FoodStuff
"I actually a really embarrassing story of a but we will move i maybe i can get you to talk about that and your favorable rahman after after the rest of this okay all right um thanks to technology some instant roman noodles are made by non frying methods um these generally fall into the category of like baking and door air drying and the idea here is that you again take cooked noodles than new coat them in just a very thin layer of oil and expose them to hot fast moving air the heat is at least one hundred and forty five degrees celsius aka three hundred fahrenheit the heat an airflow are enough to create the crags that you want in the noodles with much much much less cooking fat this is how those was at home air friars basically work yeah okay and all of this brings us to nutrition oh boy i'm sure it's very healthy and i should beating it every day every day now that's yeah that's that's nutrition segment over okay green snow of will okay so the nutrition of fresh cooked rahman of course depends heavily on the recipe and as we spend this entire episode talking about there are infant recipes for rahman um generally i would say that if you're going to add any of the extras that many romania offer go for the extra meat or extra veg not extra noodles that that'll help you keep feeling more stated more longer yeah mitch was the best it was the best racing phrasing i've ever used uh denied i do not need to tell you that instant rahman into and of itself is not a health food it's mostly carbohydrates in salt and contains almost twice as much fat is protein and the fed is typically palm oil which is a bad fat instant rahman also has a smattering of vitamins and minerals other than salt but it's proteins are of the types that you you really need to complement with stuff from other foods in order to give your body all the stuff needs to to just get work done so overall instant ramen will make you feel full for a little while but it won't really keep you going strong you know yelm.
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on Stuff You Should Know
"Yeah or if it's nose in miami once then that's not a reputation of what climate change means that is a weird anomaly and those happen yen um this is a this is a grabs stir and strickland coq joint by the way so that reliably it popped up the page if you noticed but um one of the things they they wisely pick point out his is what you just said that yes some summit whether nominally happens like that even if it happened three years in a row i think a lot of scientists would pay attention to why it snowden miami three years in a row right but if it went back to normal or something like that like that that that would not necessarily be climate change such as of of weird occurrence right gamma changes this pre this change in predictable changes yet eggs at that can take like thousands in ten thousands of years sometimes right on normal times under natural circumstances in here is where we come to the current use for global warming right global warming can can happen by itself naturally the earth um basically as it in its current present state swings back and forth between glacial periods in interglacial periods so cool periods and warm periods in for an ice age to occur um the global temperature only needs to drop by about five degrees celsius on average in all of a submarine an ice age right yeah that doesn't mean the entire earth is a big round cube round cube while that's like a cigarette thing bill but not at all the same well you know when you go to a fancy a cocktail bar and they have those awesome round him i i wanna say icecubes again i spheres yet uh that's not with the earth looks like necessarily during an ice age.
"five degrees celsius" Discussed on Science Magazine Podcast
"Is projected to only contribute about point over five degrees celsius in additional warming by the end of the century and that's pretty manageable but if you take the world's poorest new bring them up to about three dollars a day now you're adding about point six degrees celsius tool already projected two degrees of warming by the end of the century and now you start have problems because to fight that amount of rise extra rising global warming we've got to increase by twenty seven percent or efforts to reduce carbon emissions is anybody even during an okay job at this point no we're not in the nation we're not even getting close to that point right now the best or we got so far sweden which is by replacing fossil fuels with nuclear energy hydropower the been able to get about a four percent increase in their effort to reduce carbon emissions which is really far from this twenty percent increase of effort there were really that we're going to need a least corner this study can we science our way out of this are they are small day hey fears large behaviors money to be stand i mean is there a way to get both things done will you know in terms of technology where going to have to think much bigger picture amelio much more outside the box to deal with such an increase potential increase in global warming but on the smallscale there are things we can do a vegetarian diet using public transportation traveling shorter distances and if you listen to our podcast few weeks ago be having fewer kids could also play a role so there are little things that we could do well i guess have your kids has kind of a big thing for kids here but yeah there are things that every individual kapit as we do to help drive down some of these increases okay dave what else on the site this week was here we go story about gray whales that are stranding themselves for the love of tasty shrimp.