8 Burst results for "Fifty Three Cubits"
"fifty three cubits" Discussed on Scientific Sense
"Between superconductors that were first described and won the nobel prize per brian. Josephson a physicist and end so these Joseph are used. Because one of the things that you need to make accu- bet Just like a transistor or a regular bid is you need. You need to have non year behavior so you need to have some non linear already. And and that's what allows you to go sort of zero or one. St and in the case of a quantum a cubit than this non linear also able to be used and and put into state as well of your zero in one state but but these junctions are have some issues there sometimes tricky to make tricky to to to make reliably and one of the key things today is is trying to make more and more cubans so bigger and bigger arrays of of these cubits that are connected together just like you know is important to make more and more transistors in regular computers and so until google surveys and demonstration by something like fifty three cubits or something like that right. Yeah yeah they have on order. Fifty and ninety m has about the same number. Which isn't that. Many of the computing goes up exponentially with the number. So you don't have to get that many before you're able to compete or do better than a regular computer but but so the there's two things about our design That are that are different so the first thing is that we're not using any junctions instead. What we're using is a superconducting nanna wires so very thin thin wires up superconductor and these have our non linear because because of not not an effect called non linear connecticut which which we Which we've been using or or noticed When we were making our astronomy detectors and because there's no there's no junction. The thought is that they would be less sensitive to a certain type of noise that you have in this In the gap in between the superconductors in this tunnel junction and also the hope would be that they would be easier again. Just like the connecticut detectors easier to fabricate and easier to make large numbers of the other thing. that's different is. it's w band. So w manned is a wave guide. Bandit is centered around ninety gigahertz or one hundred gigahertz The cubans that. Ibm or or google or using They tend to operate in less than ten gigabytes. And so that's that's an important difference because at at ten gigahertz. One of the things that you have to do. If you want your quantum computer to work is you have to make sure that it's not upset by thermal noise so you need to cool everything really cold and you have to cool it for ten gigahertz the temperature you have to cool it to is proportional to the frequency. That you're cuban operates attend gigahertz. they're cooling their these cubans down to sort of fifteen degrees. Fifteen million degrees above absolute zero. Fifteen million kelvin. But if we can make ours work at ninety gigahertz hundred gigahertz then we only would have to cool to maybe. Two hundred million kelvin. Which still sounds pretty cold yet but it turns out that it's a lot easier to cool stuff down and in fact we..
"fifty three cubits" Discussed on Scientific Sense
"Area of our center at involves involves Mathematicians and In in computational experts at nasa ames and at fermilab and in a few of a smaller partners who are real experts in this particular area it is golden harvest side of it and then there's a whole software. That's right that's right and we have. We have both in. We have real experts in both areas. My own area is more on the hardware side and and and on the material side but also in the area of Thinking about how one can use these devices for for For doing fundamental physics because that's a major mission at for me national accelerator lab. Is there accelerator lab to pro big questions about. What's the nature of our universe. What's the nature of matter. So so one driver in our center is is is. How do we take advantage of of quantum technologies according to device technologies in order to build better detectors for rare events. Such as you know the passage of of dark matter through Through a particular apparatus so That's one of our other. Drivers is doing fundamental physics with a new technologies isn't quick question on quantum computing side against. It's feel like sort of a massively padded processed machine or its going to behave differently. Well that's the quantum advantage that that you get from using cubits is that essentially you have massive parallel parallel was ation in the coupling of many cubits together so A a way to think about it. Is that if you have a single classical bit It it it's either a one or a zero But the ah quantum bit can be super position of the one in zero so So if you can do one one computational operation on a bit you can do to computational operations on cubit now if you can couple say to cubits together that gives you four possible operations you can do with two cubits and two with a two classical bits so by the time you if you get three cubits and you can couple them together to do a computations entangle them then you can do eight computations and you can see it goes exponentially with the number of cubans so by the time you're fifty three cubits you have. You have a lot of computational advantage because it goes to the power in so long as you can maintain the superposition and tangle mental of your cubits so those are the challenges but any kind of the coding expertise translate from conventional compute. Any adoptable algorithms mathematics. That's going to be different but the plan states some conventional computed on. Now this is. This is a real frontier area and We don't have the same kind of body of codes that will take advantage of of The architecture of quantum machines so the whole area of algorithm development is a really important one. And it's it's one of the really growth fields here is once we have these machines. How are we going to Make use of them so so New codes have to be written and have to be written to the specific architecture of the machine. And it's sometimes difficult to look to into the future but wendy become sort of prevalent in the economy. David supersede completely confidential computing if the cost of manufacturing is not substantially different. Wouldn't it make conventional obselete. I'm not sure about that because the For many for many of our The things that we do Classical computers are quite good so we may be able to set up and provide data to a a a quantum computer using classical computers to interface to them so Once we have the data from computation than we can analyze it with class computer. So i'd i don't see that. Classical computers are going to be disappearing in the in the future. We're and we're not going to be carrying around our iphones with a quantum computer in them. And that's right. Anybody wants to predict the future. You do it at your own. Risk doesn't consensually feel like clean processing and post processing Done by gun venture computing at and really the heart of that the heavy Number crunching done by clinton's compute. Feel like that. Well that's the way i envisioned it. At least that's that's the way it looks to me. But you know time will tell. I want to get into one. Other people titled take a dip into the veered woodham world of quantum Okay quad so so. What is quantum liquid so there My areas particularly in the area of of Of helium so helium is You know the pre the simplest of the inert gas atoms slightness it. It's a really special the whole set of inert gas atoms have closed electron shells. And so there's virtually little chemistry involved at all and helium in. It's the only substance that we have the only material we have. That remains liquid down to the absolute zero of temperature..
"fifty three cubits" Discussed on Reset
"I promised I'd explain Google's quantum supremacy news but to do that I I have to make you eat your veggies by talking about physics but don't worry because I got you I am here for you and we're all GonNa do this together so Kevin. What's a quantum computer? A quantum computer is a machine that performs calculations using the laws of quantum physics as opposed to. I guess your classical computer like your phone or your desktop computer that behaves according to the laws of classical physics so a classical computer computes using bits and bits can be either one ores zero so like the foundation of code basically the exactly. It's that's what that's what code is now a quantum computer doesn't use bits uses quantum bits or cubits and these two bits are made out of quantum material and a cube. It can be in a position of one or zero or it can be described by the probability that it's in one or the probability that's in the positions zero so what is the advantage of that system. The advantage of that system is is you have these many different possible states. Your quantum computer could be in when you are working through your calculation and each of those estates has a probability assigned to it. That's the key a regular computer or what computing. Experts would call a classical computer like your laptop or your phone. Those computers can only try one possible pathway at a time to get an answer but a quantum computer can get to the right answer more efficiently. That's not Super Burger intuitive. So here's a thought experiment. Imagine a ball and a hill. Your task is to get that ball to land on a specific spot at the bottom of the hill. So imagine that you're at the beginning of the COMPU- computation. You are at the top of the hill. You're going to roll a ball down the hill and and can kind of go any number of ways down the hill and end up at any number of different spots at the bottom but there's only one spot that's correct so if you're if you have a classical computer the best you can do is kind of role that ball down the hill and see where Atlanta see if it's the correct answer or not so you're constantly running the ball up the hill and then you get to drop it once and then maybe you get the correct answer. If you don't you gotTa Roll it back up the hill and trial again. That's right. It's a lot of effort. It takes takes a lot of time but with a quantum computer. You have the ability to kind of Structure Your Ju- bits. So that the path the ball takes down. The hill is in some ways the the most likely path takes down. The Hill is the one that corresponds to the correct answer. Cancer at the bottom of the hill. So you can kind of tip the hill tip the scales in your favor in order to get to the correct answer a whole lot faster after. That's right a lot faster. That is the whole Shebang right there. A quantum computer should theoretically be able to get you an answer. A heck of a lot faster Mr than a classical computer when it comes to speed. Sometimes the newest flashiest mode of transportation isn't the most reliable. So you have to ask yourself. When does performing a calculation with a quantum computer become undeniably more efficient than doing the same thing with a classical computer that in a nutshell is the quest for quantum supremacy to quantum supremacy is a benchmark that was set about seven years ago in two thousand twelve by a physicist named John Fresco at California Institute of Technology Caltech and what quantum supremacy means is a quantum computer can do something something that no ordinary classical computer can match? What exactly does that mean? There's this idea that quantum computers should be able to perform calculations. It's much faster than regular computers but a lot of people doubted whether it was possible to actually achieve a calculation like that in practice so quantum supremacy is the moment a quantum computer actually performs a calculation. that a classical computer simply can't keep up with because if if you give classical computer enough time maybe even more time than we have left in the universe it can do anything. A quantum computer can do supremacy means a a quantum computer can do something in a categorically faster way. Then a classical computer can do it. The world's most powerful classical computer is it's called summit it's owned by. Am and it's as big as two basketball courts. Google's quantum computer on the other hand probably fits in your bedroom and it has a name to by the way. It's called Sycamore. So what Google did was. Give Sycamore a very specific problem to solve called a random circuit sampling problem. And what they showed is that their computer can solve this random circuit sampling problem in about two hundred seconds and the most powerful classical computer in the world which is called summit. Will Google estimated. It would take that computer ten thousand years to solve the same problem that computer solved in two hundred seconds. We will it. So what Google announced is that it basically dunked really really hard on. IBM's most powerful computer. The most powerful computer classical computer in the world it dunk tarred in the sense of this particular. The problem and you could say if children that that feels like a big deal isn't a big deal. It is a big deal. It's a big deal in a practical sense right. There are lots of things things we can do if they only take a couple minutes to carry out the calculation that we can't do if we need years or tens of thousands of years except that if you ask IBM IBM who'll didn't dunk as hard as it says it did. IBM is certainly skeptical. They issued a paper saying not so fast. They haven't actually done it because Google estimated in their paper that it would take a the most powerful ordinary computer ten thousand years to carry wow this calculation and IBM said actually most powerful computer which we designed can do this in two and a half days in probably even faster than that if we had time time to fine tune how we did it and I should also say that IBM themselves they are perhaps Google biggest competitor in the effort to build a a quantum computer so as IBM just a sore loser or is this a very good point that they're making well the point they're making is good and it does point to something important written about supremacy. which is you're trying to prove that a quantum computer can do something faster than any classical computer can so proving moving supremacy truly proving supremacy would involve proving? There's no way a classical computer can do this kind of problem as fast as a quantum a computer and we don't have that kind of proof here it took the most powerful classical computer in the history of the world a computer that occupies an area the size of two basketball courts. It took that computer or would take that computer. nope say a minimum of two and a half days to do this calculation. If Google's quantum computer gets gets even a little bigger if instead of fifty three cubits they have seventy cubits now a classical computer that fills two basketball courts won't be L. to keep up at all. You need a computer. The size of a city to simulate that same calculation and that's the sense in which the quantum computer is doing anything's categorically faster than classical computer. And I think that difference is really what people have in mind when they talk about quantum supremacy missy. And that's why most people are pretty comfortable saying that. What Google did if it fully checks out is in fact a demonstration of quantum supremacy so as IBM also so going to demonstrate supremacy anytime soon? IBM has been on the record for a while now that they are not chasing the goal of quantum supremacy. They view it as has an artificial bench. Mar- you could cross it and still not be doing anything useful so they at least in their public statements have been and much more practically minded so. This is a difference between Google being the kind of basketball player that wants to two straight up flip in the air before dunking and IBM. That just wants to do a layup because they know that it works. And it's the same amount of points I'd say so and it it seems like Google all has been more animated by the basic science of it and kind of the sense of possibility and exploration my man Kevin with the perfect segue so so we've established that Google's quantum computer is significantly faster than the most powerful classical computer in the world. But what exactly are the possibilities with this. This our personal quantum computers in our future. That's after the break.
"fifty three cubits" Discussed on SpaceTime with Stuart Gary
"Change opened up other areas of Africa eventually leading to mankind's domination of every corner of the planet. Aw Any studies found that climate change in just warming in the Western Pacific since the late nineteen seventies shifted on Lino events the stub their instead of the usual starting spot in the eastern Pacific. The findings reported in the Journal. The proceedings the National Academy of Sciences also confirmed that this change is causing more frequent extremely menu events. Scientists discovered a developing pattern among thirty three on the NEO events that occurred between nineteen won twenty seventeen. They're also found that four. Four of the five extremely Nino events happened after nine hundred seventy and suggests that further warming of the Western Pacific is likely to trigger more extreme events in the future. Now let's bad news. Events caused serious shifts in weather patterns across the globe including storms and floods in the Americas and droughts wildfires. Australia rally. A- Google claims it Sycamore. Quantum computers just perform the calculation that even the most powerful conventional supercomputers can't reproduce juice. It claims Sycamore achieved. What's called quantum supremacy by completing a complex computation? In two hundred seconds that would have taken the most powerful conventional supercomputer some some ten thousand years to finish the book by Scientists University of California. Santa Barbara Sycamore completed the task by using chip consisting of fifty three cubits the quantum quantum version of the bits fan. In every day computers ordinary computers perform calculations using bits of information which like on and off switches can exist in any two states which are the one or zero but quantum computers use quantum bits cubits which can exist either as one or zero or is both one end zero simultaneously so a pair of bits can store just one of four possible combinations of states zero zero zero one one zero one at any given time that a pair of keep its can install all four combinations simultaneously pickers h it represents both values zero and one at the same time and if you had more cubits your quantum computer grows exponentially potentially so three cubits still a combinations four cubits console sixteen and so on we've fifty three cubits. Sycamore can store some hundred and fifty three valued his own more than ten quadrille in combinations and with things like quantum entanglement Albert Einstein's famous spooky action at a distance if the cubits in the quantum computer aaron tangled tangled which they They can all.
"fifty three cubits" Discussed on Reset
"Google has been cooking up something big in a study published in the journal Nature last week the company announced that it reached something called quantum supremacy Google says it has achieved the impossible quantum supremacy google's Google says it's the first quantum computer to achieve supremacy of traditional computing as when a quantum computer can perform a task that a classical computer couldn't do in any practical timeframe and that also is the extent of our understanding and by that I mean is it an mine now why do we care about this before you just say you know hey nerd what does this have to do with my life here's the really amazing thing about it goose team proven it can work is the hollow moment for quantum computing many of us have been waiting the term quantum supremacy it's frankly ridiculous it always makes me feel like electrons are going to take over the world but people have been waiting for this to happen for a long time like for years we've been waiting for announcement of what people call quantum supremacy in that's what Google announced this week that's Kevin Hartnett he's a senior writer for the math and physics magazine Quanta and the Google news got him fully learning out because of Google announced means that a special type of computer called a quantum computer is finally doing things instead of just feeling like this almost mythical dream for decades so shit's getting real and we're going to tell you why on today's episode where explaining quantum computing and why two of the biggest tech companies Google and IBM are obsessed with it Mario Jim Ross this is recess I promised I'd explain Google's quantum supremacy news but to do that I I have to make you eat your veggies by talking about Physics but don't worry because I got you I am here for you and we're all GonNa do this together so Kevin what's a quantum computer computer is a machine that performs calculations using the laws of quantum physics as opposed to guess your classical computer like your own your desktop computer that behaves according to the laws of classical physics so a classical computer computes using bits and bits can be either one or zero select the foundation of code basically exactly it's that's what that's what code is now a quantum computer doesn't use bits uses quantum bits or cubits and these to bid are made out of quantum material and a cube it can be in a position of one or zero or it can be described by the probability that it's in one or the probability that's in the position zero so what is the advantage of that system the advantage of that system is you have these many different possible states your quantum computer could be in when you are working through your calculation and each of those states has ability assigned to it that's the key a regular computer or what computing experts would call a classical computer like your laptop or your phone those computers can only try one possible pathway at a time to get an answer but a quantum computer can get to the right answer more efficiently that's not super intuitive so here's a thought experiment imagine a ball and a hill your task is to get that ball to land on a specific spot at the bottom of the hill so imagine that you're at the beginning of the Compu- computation you are at the top of a hill and you're gonNA roll a ball down the field and it could go any number of ways down the hill and up at any number of different spots at the bottom but there's only one spot at the bottom that's the correct so if you're if you have a classical computer the best you can do is kind of role that ball down the hill and see where it lands and see if it's the correct answer or not so you're constantly running the ball up the hill and then you get to drop it once and then maybe you get the correct answer if you don't you gotTa Roll it back up the hill and trial over again that's right it's a it's a lot of effort it takes a lot of time but with a quantum computer you have the ability to kind of Structure Your Ju- bits so that the path the ball down the hill is in some ways the the most likely path takes down the hill is the one that corresponds to the correct answer at the the hill so you can kind of tip the hill tip the scales in your favor in order to get to the correct answer a whole lot faster a lot faster that is the whole Shebang right there a quantum computer should theoretically be able to get you an answer a heck of a lot faster than computer but when it comes to speed sometimes the newest flashiest mode of transportation isn't the most reliable so you have to ask yourself when does coming in calculation with a quantum computer become undeniably more efficient than doing the same thing with a classical computer that in a nutshell is the quest for quantum supremacy to quantum supremacy is a benchmark that was set about seven years ago in two thousand twelve by a physicist named John Prescott at California Institute of Technology Caltech and what quantum supremacy means is a quantum computer can do something that no oh ordinary classical computer can match what exactly does that mean there's this idea that quantum computers should be able to perform calculations much fat faster than regular computers but a lot of people doubted whether it was possible to actually achieve a calculation like that in practice so supremacy is the moment a quantum computer actually performs a calculation that a classical computer simply can't keep up with because if you give a classic oh computer enough time maybe even more time than we have left in the universe it can do anything a quantum computer do supremacy means a quantum computer you can do something in a categorically faster way then a classical computer can do it the world's most powerful classical computer is called it it's owned by IBM and it's as big as two basketball courts Google's quantum computer on the other hand probably fits in your bedroom and it has a name to by the way it's called Sycamore so what Google did was give Sycamore very specific problem to solve called a random circuit sampling problem and what showed is that their computer can solve this random circuit sampling problem in about two hundred seconds and the most powerful classical computer in the world which is called summit will google estimated it would take computer ten thousand years to solve the same problem that their computer saw loved in two hundred seconds so what Google announced is that basically dunked really hard doc on IBM's most powerful computer the most powerful computer classical computer in the world it dunk tarred in the sense of this particular problems rush and you could say if that that feels like a big deal is it a big deal it is a big deal it's a big deal in a practical sense right there are lots of things we can do if they only take a couple minutes to carry out the calculation that we can't do if we need years or tens of thousands of years except that if you ask IBM who'll didn't dunk as hard as it says it did. IBM is certainly skeptical issued a paper saying not so fast I haven't actually done it because Google estimated in their paper that it would take a the most powerful ordinary computer ten thousand years to carry out this calculator Shen and IBM said actually that most powerful computer which we designed can do this in two and a half days in probably even faster than that if we had time to find soon how we did it and I should also that IBM themselves they are perhaps schools biggest competitor in the effort to build a quantum computer so as IBM just a sore loser or is this a very good point that they're making well the play they're making is good and it does point to something important about Sir embassy which is you're trying to prove that a quantum computer can do something faster than any classical computer can so proving supremacy he truly proving supremacy would involve proving there's no way classical computer can do this kind of problem as fast as a quantum computer little bigger if instead of fifty three cubits they have seventy cubits now a classical computer that fills two basketball courts won't be able to keep up all you need a classical computer the size of a city to simulate that same calculation and that's the sense in which the quantum computer is doing things allegorically faster than a classical computer and I think that difference is really what people have in mind when they talk about quantum supremacy and that's why most people are pretty comfortable saying that what Google did if it fully checks out is in fact a demonstration of quantum supremacy so is IBM also going to demonstrates supremacy anytime soon IBM has been on the record for a while now that they are not chasing the goal of quantum supremacy they view it as an unofficial benchmark will you could cross it and still not doing anything useful so they at least in their public statements have been much more tactically minded so this is a difference between Google being the kind of basketball player that wants to two straight up flip in the air before on King and IBM that just wants to do a layup because they know that it works and it's the same amount of points I'd say so and it it seems like Google has been or animated by the basic science of it and kind of the sense of possibility an exploration my man Kevin with the perfect segue so we've published Google's quantum computer is significantly faster than the most powerful classical computer in the world but what exactly are the possibilities with this are personal quantum computers in our future that's after the break.
"fifty three cubits" Discussed on 77WABC Radio
"Technology firm transforming the retail space with digital signage also looking forward to handling an enormous amount of information that is the world we live in information is power information is contest information is mystery an enormous amount of information in the future future with what are called analog computers this is the ability to take data and put it into use as fast as possible either in the retail space or in manufacturing or certainly in stem however we have news from nature magazine that the premier stem publication in Europe matching science in the United States these are peer reviewed articles this is fresh news this is right off right off the wire quantum supremacy using a programmable superconducting processor the abstract reads the promise of quantum computers is that certain computational tasks might be executed exponentially faster on a quantum processor than on a classical processor a fundamental challenges to build a high fidelity process are capable of client running quantum algorithms in an exponentially large compound computational space here we report the use of a processor with a programmable superconducting cubits that's one to talk to create quantum states on fifty three cubits corresponding to a computational state space of dimensions and then they give a measurement what this translates into and I won't read the whole thing because it has a lot of technical language even in the abstract is that they now believe they have a repeatable experiment with the.
"fifty three cubits" Discussed on This Week in Science
"The show thank you so much for your support we cannot do this show without us and we're back with more this week in science we are back and now it's that time in the show you for this week in what science done for me and you know what it's empty I have no more I have no more from anyone nope I have no more I have none if I missed Fiore's let me know but otherwise I have none wait somebody is raising their hand here next to me hold on are hold on I think we have a recruit you have you have something that science has done for you lately okay come here what's your name hi okay science done for you lately well will will this was a while ago it doesn't matter you have been cheered up okay sure member and we've got the flour as with always feed the cats and leave right lillies are toxic to cats and or just not lilies four cats and like this thing for my mom one day and the cat's like we just found stellar with all these like orange powder on her face new fade out actually toxic and then we actually had to send her to the vet so then they could actually wash out stuff so and learn that then still in Kathy would be dead so I learned I learned something very similar about Donald Leslie other stuff was also poised so we had as well okay what did you learn Justin sciences done for me lately I went to a conference on animal intelligence that was presented by friends while whose research raw awesome yeah and I I found this is don exc who we think are not disgusted by anything because they will if other dogs rear quarters they will not even sometimes eat who poop yeah yeah the dogs are disgusted by citrus because it turns out it's hectic for them and and they had a a video demonstration of dog that licked researchers in Dr This there was a disclaimer is it is actually toxic to them but it a huge discuss three action from from a lime I think it was something like this so yeah there are things that are toxic animals also dogs don't back any chocolate there are things that that will surprise us in the world in terms of what is a toxic thing and what is something that is knocked toxic to other life forms and these are things that science can teach us that it figures out yes thank you very much for that guy she ate that thank you for joining the show even message on our facebook page that's this week in science on facebook now go to bed no it's on some more science news what do we have to talk about next prime editor thing GonNa talk about some prime editing is like editing that's just at its prime is just so crisp and it's perfect well it is better are supposedly than other genetic editing this is prime editing it's a new tool similar to crisper a new G. editing system that has been developed by the broad institute David Lose Lab who is also involved was also involved in a lot of the crisper cast nine system development and over the years but they've been attempting to develop a more accurate system because there's a problem with crisper has nine is that it's not always accurate when it chops up the DNA there are errors and sometimes there's what are called off target effects which is the gene that you want to put into DNA maybe gets put in the wrong places and so some depending on where it's put it can have a negative deleterious effects although although I will I will interject really quickly there was a big report that was issued recently that I should go find it bring to the show astronaut why didn't bring it where they where they did illustrate that the viability others off targets wasn't as big as deal as had been previously report like you like the deteriorating effects actually going to be that bad noticeable if you're willing crisper a lifelong it's not really going to be that there's enough random mutation that takes place within the larger genome that having some off target effects aren't really going to be as negative viet once feared not as negative but there's still some negative and so the accuracy is I mean if you want to be specific about where you put an edit in our genome you want a system that's accurate and crisper has nine and is just not quite accurate enough for a lot of people stay there have been other developments based on different castes systems so there's a cast twelve Christopher has twelve system that's involved and a couple of other permutations that have been developed over the years and there are other gene editing tools like zinc finger nuke liaises are also used to chop into DNA and make edits to the genome but again it's the how well does it work how accurate is it and each of these tools is potentially useful in in some uses some situations but not necessarily all of them now the This new precise editing tool I'm editing as it is being called they published in nature this week about the tool and it it uses the caste system isn't US crisper so it's not the repeated the PAL andromeda repeats of the Crisper but it does use the cast molecule and some other variants to to snip one strand the and it follows the reason it's called prime editing is that it follows from the it three prime to five primes if you're looking at the chromosomes they are labeled based on the ends of the chromosomes as they the Rian the five they're opposites from each other so they're they're back their kind of flip flopped too to each other and and the way that it runs as from three to five minutes called the prime strand it goes the DNA editing stuff goes along that Prime Strand DNA and so the editing tool edits this pride the prime strand and so it knicks it and just what does what instead of like the crisper cast nine which cuts both strands of DNA this new system makes little nick in one of the strands and that allows it to put in the edit that it wants to put in and then the DNA gets that was was there before gets taken away and cut off and so now you just have a new sequence that's inserted into the genome on that chromosome and then it the prime editor Knicks the other non edited side just one little nick and it allows the cellular her repair machinery to come along and fix it and win it comes along to fix that little nick in the the Second Strand it sees the new sequence of DNA and so it gets rid of all the unmatching amino acids all the base pairs that aren't supposed to be there anymore so you end it ends up with the cellular machinery putting in the complementary Strand of genetic serials you're really only inserting half of it and then the cell itself makes the complementary Strand but anyway it's this it's supposed to be very accurate and supposed to there they are promising or they're estimating that it will be able to be used on some ninety percents of disease associated DNA variants in our database which is somewhere around seventy five thousand variant at this point in time and and so they're estimating that it could have a real real huge impact in to genetic gene editing therapies down the road for taking these diseases that are genetically based and editing stuff in very accurately now that said there was a thread on twitter from a researcher named Jonathan Wild who goes into it a little bit he says okay okay hey this is really cool but it's also being really hyped up and the reality of putting stuff into humans and making it work in not even just humans that living animals is a far cry from having something work in a dish and their systems at what they tested it on the cells they looked at in in a dish that they that they worked on it it didn't work really well in neurons it didn't work really well in Cardi Jack Cells which are cells that might be really important to do editing and and so another another issues potentially the size of this system is fairly the large and if you're trying to get it passed the blood brain barrier how do they do that they haven't even talked about that yet at this point they're just at the very very early stages as of saying look we have a new tool we have to figure out how to actually make it work in stuff so if it's using the mechanism behind this but if it's using the mechanism available to to allow a change in a neuron these are very consistent very conserved very important system so perhaps it's the underlying machinery that's just not there which would also be the machinery that would allow patients to take place yeah so yeah yeah the machine is the machinery going to be there in all the cells that's exactly it all these are all the cell types going to be able to do what you want it to do and they don't know that yet they haven't tested it at all in all this L. types so it's it's making some assumptions the the claims that they're making are based on assumptions that are as of yet unproven yeah anyway it's pretty interesting it's a new gene editing system I just it's I think it just goes to show kind of just how fast moving long this the field of genome editing is these days things are new new discoveries new tools new molecules things are being constantly updated implemented and it's it's really exciting and also if people have not seen the netflix documentary unnatural election yet I highly recommend it I watched it this weekend very good series on gene editing from the perspective of health from the perspective of environment and also from the perspective of personal like biohacking so people doing stuff for themselves so it takes a lot of different perspectives and it's a very broad documentary that is is created over four parts therefore our long parts to it really good commend it gene editing it's big right now around so hot right now so hot just like quantum computing I remember yeah I we were talking about it and this week Google announced that it has Kuan Supremacy. What does that mean exactly it's the quantum EST it's the crunchy dimissed yes exactly so the definition of quantum supremacy in essence is it was originally the concept was originally described by a theoretical physicist named John Prescott Oil and the idea is that it's a situation in which quantum computers outpace conventional computers by achieving some calculation doing some the thing that quantum that the that conventional computers are completely at a loss for are unable to where it's like oh we can't user regular computer to do this I guess we have to use our quantum computers that's the point of quantum supremacy and so the your demonstration they say's that they they had their fifty three cubit quantum computer do a simulation that took something like two hundred milliseconds for it to run and this it's the their computers aimed sycamore by the way Sycamore took two oh two hundred seconds to repeat as a certain sampling process to do.
"fifty three cubits" Discussed on Heartland Newsfeed Radio Network
"The biggest loser the last twenty four us in the top one hundred is the biggest loser it looks like it but also look at there's some pretty big gains so if you look at the number twenty coin overall chain chainlink which we've talked a lot about but over the last seven days they're up twenty four point six percent so that's one that is doing some really big stuff. It's actually has some huge volume and that's like one of the only ones of icy in the top fifty. This sort of taken off zero x over the last week is is up thirty percents as well but that's it for the top fifty. GotTa go out of the top fifty to see anything else that is that is this positive right now which is kind of a bummer right now. The dominance for Bitcoin is sixty eight point. Five percent in most of the CRYPTOS are gone down like coin has gone down ten percent this past week y'all's else down eighteen percent overall because it had a little bit of a run stellar over last seven days is up six point four percent because it had a big bop then it's gone back down to where it was sitting sitting in about six cents so there you go crypto goes up cryptic goes down. This is one of the days where Crypto is down so I wonder what you think it might be. The connection to you are lead story today. Mr Travis right lead story today is Google may have ushered in a new era of quantum supremacy now well what does that mean for us so Google said they announced this last Friday which is a major milestone towards the development of quantum computer so apparently it's not quite there yet but it is Google said on their on their paper they wrote about it. They said this experiment marks. The first computation that can only be performed on a quantum processor in the Google research paper was titled Quantum Supremacy using programmable superconducting inducting processor now. This is a challenge for some people. There's another that was on the verge. There's another indepth article on natural news which was it's interesting source but at the articles really solid talking about why Google's quantum supremacy means the end of encryption security for crypto currency artsy military secrets finance and personal communications. It's all over wrong and a die while they're talking like that. It is but here's the thing think once somebody creates one thing. There are other people on the other side who are creating something to combat that so I I would assume that you know a quantum cryptography or some sort of you know. Quantum encryption will be the norm now. They've said that that they're not able to crack act bitcoins to fifty six shaw code yet. Probably they can do that by the year twenty twenty two is what they're thinking that that that might be any where that happens is twenty twenty two so they're not able to do it yet so it gives us a little bit of a runway to be able to protect ourselves and to protect our crypto ass at that sets well. Let's explain a little bit about what that means. What are they actually do? Google quantum computer was reportedly able to solve a calculation proving the randomness initiative numbers produced by a random number generator in three minutes and twenty seconds and according to this article on the verge it would take the world's world's fastest traditional supercomputer summit. I guess is what this computer is called around ten thousand years which effectively means the calculation can be performed by traditional computer so Google has is now the first to demonstrate quantum supremacy. They are true blunt supremacists. Yeah you know so cryptography relies on cryptographic a symmetry and that is rendered obsolete by quantum computing and so that's really interesting for example. It's GonNa take your desktop e c ten seconds to a trip to file but a breaking that on another one might take ten billion years. I so what this means is that quantum computing they're going to be able to do this on multiple devices. They're actually able to sort of instead of uh-huh working on one plane and just one level area. They're actually able to do this on multiple layers at the same time so here on the verge article says has is in the nutshell quantum computing is all about cubits or quantum bits. These are basic units of information used by quantum computers unlike regular bits which are stored data a ones or zeroes Cubans takes advantage of the quantum phenomenon known as super position this means they are essentially exist as ones and Zeros simultaneously in the advantage of this computing exponentially increases the amount of information you can process says a pair of Cuba's can exist as either ones or zeroes cannon body four possible states three cubits can embody eight three hundred cubits cannon body more states than there are atoms in the universe three hundred cubits can embody more states than there are atoms in in the universe good Lord that's ridiculous and so Google has said that they have seventy two Cubans system available that was too tough to control now they got a fifty the three Cuban a design called Sycamore at also IBM as launched a fifty three cubit design. That's good it's getting really close to being designed so the age of quantum computing is arriving rapidly and you know Mr Tacoma was interesting to me is that I haven't seen any mainstream the media talking about it at all Is this any relation to Q-bert the little guy that was in the video game in the eighties yeah I think so so it's every time he jumps on one of those little things it's right. It's the same thing yeah in fact the article from Financial Times Darrow Gill is IBM's CBS head of research and he was like Google's claim to have achieved quantum supremacy is just plain wrong. He says that Google system is a specialized is piece of hardware designed to solve a single problem and it falls short of being a general purpose computer on like what IBM is developing clipping so this guy is taking exception with Google's assertion here. It's like it sounds like they took a real short cut way to be able to say a first but they're short cut way isn't it. It's a single use piece of hardware. It's not an actual computer that you could plug amy other data into we're going to have to have some conversations with some quantum computing experts here in the future. We've chatted with some of the past right when when we were in France we had a chance to show a gentleman who's running a quantum resistant out crypto project and you know that's the thing is that once these new things are developed galloped than bitcoin core will adapt and you know with the two fifty six shaw longer works. They'll just update it and create the new version of that. That's the hope that's the expectation you know. Also you know is Google going to be out there. Cracking everybody's bitcoin codes. You know that's not what they're trying to do yet. But who knows three years from so now is where they're expected to have this next leap with quantum computing so we'll see GONNA definitely want to keep our ears and eyes on it because has I would say it's GonNa make a lot of group projects obsolete over time because they're not gonNA have the skills to be able to make a quantum resistant. A tool like bitcoin will well because you're in my mind will because there's enough people out there who are intelligent enough to help solve those solutions but man. This is a new era in humanity. If quantum computing is here because quantum computing actually uses the copy tation power of the universe somehow. It's just totally Liam mind blow when you dive into how it actually works. It's actually you know I don't know the universe is math and it's all based on math if you'd look dive into who are. DNA that's all math and if you look at it the DNA of everything it's all math and so it's all math and while now we can compute way faster if you're taking and something that would take us ten thousand years at the world's strongest most bad ass supercomputer would take ten thousand years to do and now with this you can do it in three minutes. It's like what and speaking of three minutes Travis in the last three minutes since we've spoken there has just been another flash crash in bitcoin it has dropped as low as eighty four hundred and it is now sitting in eighty five forty three Mike today. It is fallen like like a more than a thousand today more than ten percent today and again. This is a were recording this on Tuesday the twenty fourth in the afternoon by the time you guys here it is going to be Thursday night. Who knows where it is then but that's that has happened just since in the last ten minutes yeah wow yeah I'm pulling it up right now taking a look at that crazy so now we don't know this has to do with Google reaching quantum supremacy the but there are some articles out there that are talking talking about you know how Google is quantum computing will make crypto irrelevant obsolete but I think that you know give us some credit? There's some people out there are gonNA be able to solve some of these problems and be able to make quantum resistance cryptos. There's already some out there who claim they are in so you know what the cat's out of the bag anyway folks crypto is here and there's enough smart people out there to solve the problem so I'm not overly concerned. We got like two or three years until you know there's potential Angel Dum dum gloom well. I also wonder how much of this is built in to the backed launch that has finally happened for for the past year and a half we've been talking about backs bitcoin futures trading platform and the SEC finally you know approved proved it and it's finally launched it is launched by the intercontinental exchange ice. They're not the ones deporting people they are the operator reader of the New York Stock Exchange and so now people can trade bitcoin futures on the back the platform the hand and and you know so far. It's been people who've been SORTA nonplussed about it. They haven't had nearly the volume that they thought they were going to have I think that you you know that was a challenge like they had all this hype back. Had all this hype a maybe they're going to be working with starbucks and all this other stuff and you know the news was really exciting about it and so now they're focusing on the futures contracts and do some of that stuff and it looks like at least up until now there hasn't been a whole a lot of transactions happening so far. It's been kind of been kind of not not as exciting as people had hoped so. Maybe that's one of the reasons why Crypto crypto going down right now but I think it's kind of a combination of both. Is there some fear that's coming out. Oh crypto might be doomed while you know what when Crypto goes down a little bit lower. It's GonNa me a great time for some buying say but you're not a financial adviser not financial advisor we are not but you know not everybody feels that way and you know if we need some good news and happy news and uplifting news we always turn to tim draper who is always bullish on Bitcoin and in this article and Coin Telegraph from the sixteenth the September just last week. He says that his own prediction bitcoin price will hit a quarter of a million by twenty twenty two. Maybe understating aiding the power of Bitcoin. He's extremely bullish. He says two hundred and fifty thousand dollars mean that bitcoin would then have about five percent market share of the currency CONC- world and I think that may be understating the power of Bitcoin to me Travis. This all revolves around the next having right right I there there's not something that all of a sudden is going to bring bitcoin mainstream for adoption in before may right. I just don't see that happening but the having happens in May so I think the next big push has to be with that it is the central event right because I mean it's going to go from twelve point five bitcoin down to six point two five bitcoin right and so yeah there's a a lot less bitcoins are being created in the early days when there was fifty man you go in and mindblock bitcoin boom. He got fifty bitcoin but it wasn't worth very much now when the price keeps growing up keeps going and growing than you know getting six bitcoin blue and they're worth worth these big amounts like that's that's going to be exciting for people the mind and even if it's like a portion of a bitcoin so tim draper is always been you know a fan of the cryptos..