35 Burst results for "Fatty Acids"
"fatty acids" Discussed on Ben Greenfield Fitness
"And that's the first letter of the greek alphabet and omega is last letter of the greek alphabet so the last carbon whatever it is whether it's ten or twelve or fifteen or eighteen carbons long is called the omega carbon and omega three fatty acid is a fatty acid worthy. I double bond counting from the omega. Carbon is in the third position and omega six is simply a fatty acid. Were the first double bond county from omega is the sixth position and those are the two families omega threes. And they and we can't convert those you can eat. Plants can actually taken omega six and put an omega three. Put a bond into make it an omega. Three fatty acid but animals can't do that so we have to eat both. Both the mega six annual mega three versions and a half of them right. So so don't mega three. If we were to count back three carbons in terms of the double bond location if account back three carbons from from the end of carbon chain and find the actual double bond located there. That would be an omega. Three fatty acid correct omega minus threes with a dash needs is minus three. So it's three positions in exactly that's right and sometimes it's also called n three fatty acids like the letter n Because in chemistry we always talk about a fatty acid being in carbon. Long whether it's again twelve fifteen eighteen. It's end carbons and you go to the nth carbon expression that's the ant In countback three. It's so that's the same thing as it'll mega. Some people don't understand that does not critical. So let's now in six. We can talk longtime about omega six omega three ratios. I for one have not been a fan of that way of looking at the omega world in for several reasons number one we talk about when people talk about what you make six omega three ratio. They explain which omega three and omega six fatty acids. They're talking about right. And what you're saying is based on the nomenclature. You've just established we've got like you know. Alpha lipoic acid which would be like in eighteen three or you know. Epa at twenty five and then dha would be like a twenty two six so there's all sorts of different locations of the actual double bond on this large variety of omega. Three fatty acids. And we're talking about omega three to omega six ratios. What you're saying is it's not clear which i'll make three is being referred to right right. They're all mixed up. You can't tell sixers like seven omega six fatty acids in blood. So which ones do you mean when you say that ratio and it also presumes that like a la and epa dha or have the same biologic activity. They're the same value And they're not in this true in the omega six side to that they. So it's just a very imprecise way of talking and you don't really know what people are talking about when they say i want you know makes. It was always my impression that when we're talking about omega six to make mega it three fatty acid ratios In a lot of people will say well a typical western diet context. You know you're gonna see like ten to one all the way up to fifty to one mega six to three mean. Dramatically higher levels of omega six sadly often derived from like industrial seed oils that it was just reflecting the total amount of mega sixes and the total amount of mega threes regardless of the actual You know nomenclature from a numerical standpoint of what type of omega six and type of mega three days. I just assumed they were throwing them all in the bucket. And saying. Here's how many mega sixers you haven't. Here's some three. You have a ratio standpoint. And they do. And that's that's very confusing because you don't know doesn't really tell you anything about the health status. Because some of those fatty acids are good for you and some of them are not Which ones are in your ratio. The other problem with the ratio is you can have very high levels of omega six endo mega three in your blood or in your diet or you can have very low levels of omega six hundred eighty-three any of the same ratio. Yeah that that's a good point or you could have like a really favorable ratio at. Let's ratio is one to one but the omega threes that were making that ratio favorable could be primarily. Say like you know. Alpha lipoic acid or la rather than like large amounts of epa ha. Right dressing right now. And i think a fourth point i like to make about their ratio. Is it presumes that all the omega six is are bad and the all. The mega threes are good. It's kind of a white hat black hat and that is just not true. It's just not been held held up. We've seen several studies we report or some of them. i think. everybody's pretty happy with the omega threes. Being good that that's not questionable. What's questionable is the the Goodness or badness of the omega six and primarily. we're talking about linoleic. Acid which is the fundamental one in our diet. The true essential omega six fatty acid. We can't make it and we eat. We've seen some very big large trials that have looked at blood levels of linoleic acid in tens of thousands of people and then followed those people for several years to look for the development of cardiovascular disease or diabetes and in both situations higher levels of mental lake acid in the blood always predict lower incidents of heart disease and diabetes. Which fundamentally means in if you look at the other way having a lower level of omega six and then oleic in your blood is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes going down so the omega six aren't necessarily bad and so to make a ratio of something that maybe is good for something else that's good why have a ratio of good to good. What's the point of that so to me. It's just not a functional. Why we liked the omega three index which just focuses on epa dha is that those are the fatty acids that are missing our diet. We've got plenty of omega six. Don't worry about a mega six. Worry about getting another j. So that's yeah from from my understanding and you're correct the omega three to six to make it. Three ratio is a little foggy in terms of actually defining which will make a sexism which mega threes. But i do know that. We know based on researching and correct me. If i'm wrong that chronic excessive production of omega six yukos annoyed that is correlated with arthritis and inflammation and cancer. The lynn lake acid. The us referred to might be less problematic but we we know. Ecosystems could be problematic..
"fatty acids" Discussed on Ben Greenfield Fitness
"That's kind of odd. Why would the pharmaceutical companies not triglycerides. The bioavailability are well because the you can get more. Epa j. molecules in one gram capsule if they're ethyl ester forms then if they're triglycerides but but it's not as well absorbed. Well that wasn't the problem originally and nobody really realize that when they were first developed people were told to take him with food and it really wasn't a problem and studies that were done in the nineties and early two thousands with the like love as their which was called encore at the time Were successful reduced risk for cardiovascular events. So why question anything. And so the whole didn't really come up until the maybe ten fifteen years ago when people started comparing ethel's performs to other forms of fatty acids and seeing that taken on an empty stomach the amount will absorb. Okay yeah for an individual if you yourself are doing this since an ear taking a supplement and you test retest and you've been taking another less or supplement with ought not with food you might see no change your index. I have seen that recently. So that is what that's why it's it's an expectation also for people that you could be taking something everyday life but not absorbing it so part of the reason to test is to know like. Is this worth my money. Am i doing this right right. You don't want to create the the so called expensive p scenario the other consideration here related to this calculator that you're referring to That if you're taking official and you wanna see if your mega index is improving at is not might be influenced by your genetics in and that's something that i've looked into a little bit. You know these these genes that can allow for another some genes that just simply based on someone coming from an ancestor might have been more of more of a plant based or you know seed and nut consuming ancestry. They actually do appear to have some. All converting genes that allow for slightly higher amounts of la to be converted. Dha an epa. Those fads jeans It's still a pretty low amount of conversion that occurs but some people can convert a little bit more to dha and epa based on those genes. But are there other genes that would influence your ability to be able to To to harness appreciable of dha or epa from from an animal based oil or or a fish. Oil jumping on that. One because i think we have to think about two things one is what genetic mutations shall we say or or conditions affect your omega three levels and that's where you're talking about the fans genes which means fatty acid desaturate s- so these are and the enzymes in the body that or the genes that produce the enzymes that converts la to epa and dj but they also convert linoleic acid to iraq. Adani gas the longer chain and yes variations natural variations by populations in though in kinds of mutations that are present in the fads genes can affect levels particularly if iraq iran gas the omega threes. Epa not much affected by different by mutations in the fads genes which we don't really understand why but it's it explains very little of the difference between people so they're really. We don't really know of any major genetic effect driving levels of omega three and a population. But the other question you've asked is. Is there a genetic effect on the absorption of omega three on the inc or might some people when they take fish oil be a big rise in their blood levels and other people did a big rise at all. And that's a different genetic question. Because they're not not. We're not talking about making the omega threes fads. do we're talking about. What do you do with them coming. Pre-formed you don't need to make them you're eating. Why is there a very ability in response and that's a completely unknown area. At this point nobody is really studied. Carefully you're looking at a population and find people take one. Gram who mega three. In their mega three index goes from four to ten and other people. Take one ground mega three. And they're megan goes from four to five. What's different about those peop- you know. Nobody's really asked that question. What makes one guy the huge response to it and the other hardly any but there's something there is probably genetic We don't know if it's what it is at this point. Okay but but at this point we do now that we have that omega test. We've got a calculator. We've got access to things like fish oil or other forms of mega three fatty acid. So pretty much anybody at a at a pretty low cost could just use themselves as a test case and see if what they're doing is working when it comes to increasing their mega three index. Which is really. What's most important here exactly. Okay all right cool. So we tackle dha ratios. We established that the this this omega index. When it comes to a mega mega six ratios is essentially going to ideally be around eight to twelve percent and that that is correct me if i'm wrong reflective of yoga three omega six balance no that's that's not that's not testing or mega mega ratios right. So we talking about eight to twelve percent. We're talking about epa plus dha gotcha percent of the total fatty acids. Okay now what about the omega three to a mega six ratios and. That's a different question right now. We're backup for second. Because i've run into people that don't understand why they're even called omega. Why aren't they called beta. Why aren't they called you worded omega come from and do you know van. Maybe you can tell your audience earlier. I am not going to do as good a job describing it as you. I mean it's i believe it. It's it's related to the fact that It's it's the location of the actual bond You know based on the the twenty fourth letter of the greek alphabet something like that so is it. The is the location on the actual carbon chain. Correct that's right you got it. So the first carbon in a fatty acid is called the alpha carbon. The first one..
BTS #35 Excerpt: What is the Endocannabinoidome? w/ Vincenzo Di Marzo, PhD
"Absolutely. And for those listening that maybe don't have such a technical technical background on cannabinoids science. How would you describe the concept of the Endo cannabinoid Dome to somebody? Okay. So basically, you know with the word. Oh now we make new words containing the the the prefix the suffix off to identify very large system. So we have the Janome with the metabolism. We have the proteome and so on and so forth. So the Endo the endocannabinoid Ang Ang came in a way from you mentioned before the the study that roughly mechoulam in which we collaborating collaborated on the Entourage effect. So basically what we perceived is that in what we were measuring. In fact when we were measuring endocannabinoids is that this these two molecules and under minded to a g were accompanied by dog Plethora of other compounds and this compounds this metabolites were chemically and biochemically similar meaning that you know, an undermined into a Jeep belongs to you know, mm different families of metabolites. And these are the Ennis. I'll at the moment and the and the monocyte whistles some of which were already known. In fact, even one of two thousand kids, but even longer than that before the end of cannabinoids were discovered. So the nobody knew really how these molecules were acting so Rafi in a vegetative way that this is really is his main feature is creativity and Imagination thought about this. These are accompanying molecules that are there too practical to make make the two big actors look even more important than they are so it's an Entourage or you know, when politicians go around and they take with them a lot of birth. Of the accompanying people and that that's certainly part of the of the picture but that then we started realizing that these compounds in fact do have a molecules do have targets of their own. So the endocannabinoid if you wish is is a kind of evolution of the of the Entourage effect. Molecules like the NSA little minds or the Mona Lisa started being investigated receptors were being found and and this created of course exciting but also complications because you know, the pharmacologists ended the drug developers were the therapeutic drug developers were we're thinking okay, we can we can manipulate wage levels of the end of since they are so strongly involved in pathology. We can manipulate the levels of the endocannabinoids of an undermined and 2G in order to make more of these compounds where they're needed or to reduce the amount their amount where they're produced in an excessive that manner so you can do that by manipulating the the degradation of the biosynthesis of endocannabinoids, but then when it was found that and we found we and many others that and under might has the same biochemical Pathways as other in a salad all mines which have different receptors from the cannabinoid. Just this created a strong complication. We cannot really manipulate the levels of an endermite in this way without manipulating the levels of the other previously known as entering compounds but having an identity and and in the mechanism of action of independent from the endocannabinoids of their own so they can have been a dome is basically the the the bigger System including Napoleon undermine and 2G and their main receptors which are simply one CB2 but also bought some of the other receptors foreign under my tend to agree because these are two very promiscuous molecules unlike THC. This is one major difference from between between the endocannabinoids and the plants and and happy now it's dead or at least between between the endocannabinoid and THC and then it was found that in fact, even the biosynthesis and degradation of of these 2 khong Will not be only mediated by one or two enzymes there was a redundancy of biosynthetic and degrading enzymes and and sometimes it ingredient X will not degrade enzymes because they were simply converting an undermined and 2 g into molecules which had different receptors. And this is you know, this is this may seem strange but not two people like like me off at the bioactive lipids all their life, you know, all bye-bye activities are transformed into something different and come from something different with the different biological a month or so, and then there is the containers of an under my dental legited what we call the previously the Entourage compound which have their own receptors, even though they share with the endocannabinoid the same battle synthetical Pathways. And then finally there were other molecules which have different biochemical dead. Pathways as the end of cannabinoids better nevertheless, they're not congeneres. They're not like cousins not they're not like brothers and sisters but their cousins so you have a tennis I'll amide. And in fact when we collaborated with the and with with the with the other groups, we we found that in fact particularly with the group of my coworker the late my coworker. We we found that many many compound many amino acids could make a might with fatty acids and this could create an almost incredible number of new combinations between the 10 or 15 fatty acids and 20 amino acids. So just just imagine all the permutations and and so this compounds actually exist as as the group of other brands show as also recently investigated and and so it's really we're talking now about a huge number of chemical mediators. So the endocannabinoid open their containers their analogues, which may or may have not different similar biochemical Pathways normally have different receptors dead. We we talking about the several other targets that undermined into the G have Beyond City 162. We're talking about other enzymes. So we're talking about something something about more than a 250 chemical mediators more than fifty enzymes and and receptors and some of these receptors were actually known previously like the wage channels or the or the P bars and and and the interesting thing is that you know, of course we when the end of conversation became so big Then the next question was okay. THC is the only out of 100 and more a plan cannot be known that interact with the endocannabinoid system. What about maybe maybe if you don't look only at the end of can access them, but we look at the expanded n. Can have this Summit this and maybe the other cannabinoids with interact with the endocannabinoid home, even though they don't in fact with the entertainment system. This is true to a large
How To Eat Like A Pro
"We all know that regulates `collectivities important part of staying healthy. But whether you're an avid gym, go all prefer occasional workouts I would diet can have a huge impact on goals and the physical development. This week's food for thought nutritious Daniel Davey and I explore the latest research sports nutrition and how by adapting the way in which we fuel ourselves disc be such a game changer and our performance skill and recovery had lay Donyo. For me it's an accident pleasure I've been wanting to bt for quite some time and about this topic and I think now thanks to lockdown actually we we've managed to to make this work. Haven't we? Some of the positives of covert here precisely, and let's start the conversation by discussing the biggest mistakes that you find people make when it comes to fueling S. Yeah I think the most obvious one is this. We tend to be really good at planning our training and knowing this Tuesday Thursday is Dan. Saturday are the days we're going to be running are going to be in the gym bus I. Don't think we pay the same type of attention to our planning our nutrition are fueling I. Think the biggest mistake on C. is is where people don't actually understand I need to align my energy and let's say my feeling are my carbohydrate needs to those days. So doing the same thing, every day is just not going to get you where you want to go. Said Korea. I think we don't prioritise on nutrition in that way tool, which is why we're having this discussion today because food is few and we need to probably expand I suppose where we're actual energy comes from. Yes. So energy can predominantly comb from carbohydrates as a source of energy. Joran exercise particularly as the intensity of that exercise increases our demand for field our demand for energy increases. So at rest were used predominantly free fatty acids are fat as a source of fuel bus for athletes or people who are exercising. You know it could be a team sport athletes could be someone on their bike at the weekends. The energy is coming mainly from carbohydrates and that's stored at stored form of carbohydrates is glycogen storage in in your muscles and liver. And when we begin to exercise could be broken down into glucose as a source of fuel for our muscles night often try. If I'm giving a talker explaining, I was used the kind of phrase of imagine an invisible. Being surrounding your entire body shape full of glycogen. It's almost like invisible energy isn't it power that's waiting to be waiting to be released? It does come from cops and it's crazy brady UAE cops the food group. We'll give you a pretty bad rap in the media as a quite a long time. I think people are now starting to realize that. Carbohydrates on top league quite the devil but. There's a lot of talk about energy and energy out as well. What do you force around this? Hub, I, suppose it. I go back to maybe some of my experience working with Elise athletes and you talk about energy in energy out I, think that there's There's a real misunderstanding about how critical it is to meet our energy levels and I know there's a lot of research on on relative energy efficiency that sweet we see in female athletes I. Think there's again maybe a lot of the information that's present in the media and social media has led to confusion boast. That fear of fuelling and that fear of getting enough energy and that actually have serious consequences for for general health but also a risk for injury our risk for illness things like that. So it's a far bigger thing than just not having energy for for exercise. If we do it over prolonged period of time, there are some pretty serious
Magic Spoon, A Healthy Breakfast Cereal
"Gary Welcome to the show. Hi, thanks for having me. Well, can you describe to our listeners what magic spoon radius of course magic spoon is a breakfast cereal company that I launched in April of two thousand nineteen. So just over a year ago and we are recreating all of your favorite shout who'd sugary cereals but without the sugar essentially. So imagine whatever your favorite junk cereal was an I imagine it worth more protein and less carbs zero sugar actually legitimately healthy for you. But with the and texture of all those sugary cereals, we we all loved growing up, right? Yeah. I had to look actually at the nutritional labels off both magic spoon and then fruit loops. A popular child with choice of of many, and I can see both serving of about one, hundred, ten, two, hundred, eighteen categories, but magic spoons. Macro makeup is completely different I'm seeing that it's fruit loops gets like eighty five percent of their calories from cops out of which about half come from Shoka match gets nearly eighty percent of its calories from fat and protein. How do you achieve that? Correct? So we've basically got a similar Carolina recount. We've swapped the protein and carbs around and we did riot by basing our SERIO ON A. Blend of protein slits, we primarily use a milk pudding ice lit as well as a way protein concentrates and use that instead of the wheat flour or corn flour rice lower than most classic serials, and then rather than sweetening with thigh high fructose, Corn Syrup, or perhaps akin sugar we use a blend of natural sweeteners that are essentially zero calories. So specifically use Stevia and monk route and three those in a specific combination allows us to get as close as possible to that sweet tasted sugary cereals without actually putting sugar into the products. I am because I was curious because I'm certain food scientists and then I saw you know like you have a blend of fruits, Steve Young at Lowe's and the nets reason to really achieve that that flavor or is it something else as well? So that's the sweetness the flavor itself. Ingram comes from natural flavors. Basically Ryan's depending on ever. We have a obliterate flavor, for example, some of us. Are Real Blueberry powder in that Labor, and then will actually get the colors from fruit and vegetable juices used in very small quantities. So not really adding any sugar but are You know some of our flavors resemble US beet juice, beet extracts read flavor fritzy cereal Spirulina to get a blue collar on our blueberry cereal. For example, the different gradients are different purposes but in general everything's entirely natural. Even. Though of course that doesn't mean very much nowadays but premium high-quality ingredients and high in protein sugar, a would not expect that actually when you look at like a package off fruit loops that they can be actual flavors in it. So it's it's quite impressive and you also have an oil plan with within magic spoon riot. Can you talk more about that direct? So he's a blend of. Highly Sunflower oil, and then avocado oil. Basically, you didn't oil to bind the colors in the flavorings to the base of the cereal and we wanted to, of course, was high quality. Fatty Acids rather than just like sure low-quality seed oils and so high elects unclear. Oil pretty different from regular Orlando it fatty acids and those are the same sort of saturated fats that you find extroversion. And of course, avocado oil very healthy as well. Got It and just going back to the sweeteners, and now that in recent years, the had been quite a few studies on a variety of different sweeteners and some of them half a good and some have a negative impact on one's microbiome worried as long fruit steve here on LAS, stand on that. Do you now that? Yeah, they're good impact which is why we chose them. So Chicago halls are generally very good. So bunch of using things like A. Recruits all tell which can have a negative impact on my own, but also caused just looting and general or stomach aches and a pretty large portion of the population. So we want to avoid sugar alcohols for that reason, which right meet means ingredients are more expensive. So obviously, stadium for are more expensive than a lot of the other sweeteners that might still be natural but he come with other issues, and so we wanted to avoid those issues, which is why you chose these three. Got It. So
A Discussion About Mashup - Fasting
"Are other ways of changing the microbiome for one Actually, a pilot clinical trial found that intermittent fasting for fifteen days intermittent fasting. But on the days of their fasting in this pilot study, people could eat with up to five hundred calories sort of like a fasting mimicking diet almost in a way. They basically did this for fifteen days. So they were fasting for a total of seven days and then not fasting for total seven days, and there was an increase in bacterial richness in in the gut microbiome in certain types of bacteria that have been shown to promote the production of t regulatory cells. and basically there's This was including lactobacillus bacteria, which are which are commonly used in probiotics as well. Those those have been shown to play a role in promoting T regulatory cell numbers through the production short chain fatty acids. it also enriched other bacterial species like protozoa, which is another one that's also been shown to play a role in. T Regulatory Cell Production In the Gut. Interestingly, it was also shown that fasting induced is sort of its own. You know like kitone body metabolism was happening. That was regulating the micro basically was facilitating microbiome growth as well. So I thought that was a really interesting study was because fasting itself has been shown to also affect autumn unity through other mechanisms aside from the Gut microbiome. which that study I just cited really focused on but there have been other studies. A lot of lot of studies have been done. by Dr Vaulter Longo and colleagues that are found either fasting. Fasting mimicking diet or even a Ketogenic Diet. Has. Has Been Shown in animal studies and a very, very small pilot clinical study in patients with multiple sclerosis. An autoimmune disorder where individuals basically just just one week of the fasting mimicking diet or. or six months on the Keita. Genetic Diet so much longer period beyond the ketogenic diet versus the week of the fasting mimicking diet. They had an improvement in in clinical measures for a variety of clinical measures for for Multiple Sclerosis the animal studies sort of confirmed that. That the you know there was a lot a lot of effects on on t regulatory cells and a variety of different effects on autoimmune regulation from the fasting mimicking diet or also fasting. So other studies have found that fasting itself. Can Basically Lead to to preferential preferentially lead to the death of dysfunctional cells, and the seems to happen quite a bit in the immune system So as as a fast becomes more prolonged A tofte g starts to happen and a tough ogies basically clearing out damaged off with NFL. But as the as the stressor becomes stronger, if the entire cell is actually damaged enough the cell will die via pop toasties and this has been shown to occur in definitely occurred animal studies where basically if you if you take a mouse and fast for forty eight hours. About. Twenty. Eight percent of the immune cells in the mouse will die off and this activates stem cells in the blood system and. Then, he met a poetic system where they stem cells increased by six fold, and this causes stem cells then to make brand new. Immune cells, young brand, new healthy immune cells, and. Only it's. VAULTER has shown that they bake. Non they make they make functional immune cell. So you can clear out a number functional immune cell that perhaps would be was playing a role in auto immunity and replace it with a healthy functional immune cell that you know that basically is not having that autoimmune sort of defect But it's really you know the those animal studies were shown to be dependent on it jeff one levels just plummeting going going way down and it's important to to to realize translation of animals that he's like that to humans There's a lot of factors to consider. So for example, and mouse or rodent will lose twenty percent of their of their body weight after a forty eight hour fast whereas a human will only lose one to two percent. This a big difference and it's also been shown that within that two day period. Rodents can blower there one by fifty percent. whereas. It takes a human five days on a water on on. You know of basically not eating anything to to lower their levels by fifty percent. So big differences there and with respect to translating animal to to mouse studies but again. there has been some pilot studies looking at. Fasting and the effects on auto immune disease like multiple sclerosis when I just mentioned there's also been some pilot studies looking at a forty eight hour water fast in humans and there was a trend towards the adipose stem cell activation like I just mentioned with the Animal Studies.
A Guide For Mashup - Fasting
"There are other ways of changing the microbiome for one Actually, a pilot clinical trial found that intermittent fasting for fifteen days intermittent fasting. But on the days of their fasting in this pilot study, people could eat with up to five hundred calories sort of like a fasting mimicking diet almost in a way. They basically did this for fifteen days. So they were fasting for a total of seven days and then not fasting for total seven days, and there was an increase in bacterial richness in in the gut microbiome in certain types of bacteria that have been shown to promote the production of t regulatory cells. and basically there's This was including lactobacillus bacteria, which are which are commonly used in probiotics as well. Those those have been shown to play a role in promoting T regulatory cell numbers through the production short chain fatty acids. it also enriched other bacterial species like protozoa, which is another one that's also been shown to play a role in. T Regulatory Cell Production In the Gut. Interestingly, it was also shown that fasting induced is sort of its own. You know like kitone body metabolism was happening. That was regulating the micro basically was facilitating microbiome growth as well. So I thought that was a really interesting study was because fasting itself has been shown to also affect autumn unity through other mechanisms aside from the Gut microbiome. which that study I just cited really focused on but there have been other studies. A lot of lot of studies have been done. by Dr Vaulter Longo and colleagues that are found either fasting. Fasting mimicking diet or even a Ketogenic Diet. Has. Has Been Shown in animal studies and a very, very small pilot clinical study in patients with multiple sclerosis. An autoimmune disorder where individuals basically just just one week of the fasting mimicking diet or. or six months on the Keita. Genetic Diet so much longer period beyond the ketogenic diet versus the week of the fasting mimicking diet. They had an improvement in in clinical measures for a variety of clinical measures for for Multiple Sclerosis the animal studies sort of confirmed that. That the you know there was a lot a lot of effects on on t regulatory cells and a variety of different effects on autoimmune regulation from the fasting mimicking diet or also fasting. So other studies have found that fasting itself. Can Basically Lead to to preferential preferentially lead to the death of dysfunctional cells, and the seems to happen quite a bit in the immune system So as as a fast becomes more prolonged A tofte g starts to happen and a tough ogies basically clearing out damaged off with NFL. But as the as the stressor becomes stronger, if the entire cell is actually damaged enough the cell will die via pop toasties and this has been shown to occur in definitely occurred animal studies where basically if you if you take a mouse and fast for forty eight hours. About. Twenty. Eight percent of the immune cells in the mouse will die off and this activates stem cells in the blood system and. Then, he met a poetic system where they stem cells increased by six fold, and this causes stem cells then to make brand new. Immune cells, young brand, new healthy immune cells, and. Only it's. VAULTER has shown that they bake. Non they make they make functional immune cell. So you can clear out a number functional immune cell that perhaps would be was playing a role in auto immunity and replace it with a healthy functional immune cell that you know that basically is not having that autoimmune sort of defect
Pregnancy and child development
"Can you tell us some of the things that you did to optimize your son's health or development since he was born I'm a new mom and I would love to know how you approach diet supplements routines. ETC thank you. And there are also some tag along questions here. That have to do with what the common deficiencies are in in toddlers. So I think Andrew Ask that question. So I'm going to talk about that right now I would say One of the main main things that I have done is Omega Three Dha high. Dha Supplementation. Both during breastfeeding during pregnancy, we'll starting in during pregnancy but pregnancy breastfeeding and then. Getting, preformed Dha, to my son. and. The Way I do that is I take one of my High Dha capsules and I cut it open and I put it in his oatmeal with lots of butter and he just. So, whereas during fetal growth, calories can help promote. You know growth they're not sufficient for brain development. brain development appropriate development requires a sufficient intake of protein zinc, iron, choline, full iodine, and the omega three fatty acids. As, well as vitamins ad B six and B twelve, and if you failure to provide those key nutrients during that critical period can actually result in long-term brain deficits. so the common. Toddler nutritional deficiencies. Omega three. So consumption of. EPA from foods contributes you know so. Mostly those are found in marine sources. it's a very small amount. You know children children are only getting about forty milligrams of the preformed Dha and EPA. And two, thousand, fifteen. There was a really big study about that. You know showed eating fish. Actually even fish. The fish that has particularly for high mega three and low in mercury. Still even protected against toxic effects of Mercury in a developing fetus, which is the most sensitive sensitive to mercury. And there was another study that was published. Huge huge Meta study looked at looked at not only. Prospective Studies. which are associated associated can't really establish causation, but they also looked at randomized controlled trials in children. So the studies looked at pregnant women and also young children and that that were either given fish or eating having a high intake of fish. Or not and it was found not the the mothers and children even randomized control trials that were given fish. I had improved intelligence scores like significantly improved even up to like nine points. And these children also had higher levels of Mercury as well. But they had higher levels of Dha which superseded whatever you know. Minor effects the mercury hat again, we talked about earlier conversation there a fish that are high mega three and lower number mercury at you can be you know things like Salmon While Alaskan salmon or like I mentioned the the farmed Atlantic at least that's the only one I know of that's farmed. Salmon. Sardines. Herring. Mackerel of this fish that are fatty also behind Omega, three and those ones are lower in mercury smaller Fisher mercury. So I try to give him I try to get my son to eat salmon in some form or another, and he'll eat little little amounts of it. And like I said, I also supplemented with fish oil. I was also taking. Drum, breastfeeding. I was I was taking three grams a day of of Dha and that you know is is was being delivered him in breast milk I'll get to that in just a minute though. Iron is another another one particularly infants between six six and eleven months they they have a low about ten percent of those infants have low intake of iron. of course, irons high in in in meets You know fish is another one that you can find iron in. I was actually giving my son when he was doing solid foods like when I when he was when I introduce solid foods at around six months. I would blend up some salmon cooked salmon blended up with either Cooked Cherries blueberries, and I would blended altogether. So it kind of gave the Sam sweet taste and really liked that. When he was young.
How Does Jane Elliott's Blue Eyes/Brown Exercise Work?
"The past fifty, two years teacher and diversity trainer Jane Elliott has been stirring up trouble on the subject of racism. It can still be uncomfortable squirm in your seat stare at your shoes uncomfortable when she subject someone to the very same exercise she I unleashed on third graders more than half a century ago designed to expose racist thinking. Something, her method can get downright mean but again, the subject is racism, it should be troubling. Elliott came to prominence when the day after the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Junior in nineteen, sixty, eight, sheep herself a white woman took her classroom of all white third graders in. Riceville Iowa and decided to teach them what it was like to face discrimination. She separated the kids into two groups those with Brown eyes and those with blue and proceeded to proclaim the. Brown. Is these superior group she allowed the group extra privileges more time recess seats at the front of the room they were told they were cleaner smarter more talented. How children reacted to this newfound pecking order was startling. The Brown eyed group immediately began to wield their dominance. The blue is almost immediately slipped into the role of subordinates. Anger flared disputes popped up. After switching roles a few days later, which gave both sides of the classroom taste of being in the lesser group the exercise ended. Many parents complained after reading about what had happened in Elliott's classroom through student essays printed in the local paper. A month or so later, Johnny Carson invited Elliott to appear on his late night talk show she became a national story. Many praised efforts at her students is but not everybody a two, thousand five storied Sonian magazine reported hundreds, viewers, wrote letters, saying Elliott's work appalled them how dare you try this cruel experiment out on white children? One said black children grow up accustomed to such behavior but white children, there's no way they could possibly understand it. It's cruel to white children and will cause them great psychological damage. Elliott spoke with us for the article that this episode is based on from her home in Iowa. She said, you think that's traumatizing try living that way for a lifetime. Elliott taught for years before she decided to take her anti-racism lesson out of the classroom and Corporate America. She's also led the exercise for the US Department of Education and other governmental groups. She's appeared before numerous church and school assemblies she was on. Oprah Winfrey's TV show several times in June of twenty twenty. She appeared on the tonight show starring Jimmy Fallon. She often faces uncomfortable and sometimes angry reactions but her goal as it has been for the past fifty two years is education. She says, it's the best weapon against racism. But good education about racism and race is hard to find. Elliott said, that's because the educators believe the same thing that they were taught and they were taught the same thing I was, which is that there are three or four different races and you can tell what a man's intelligence is by the color of his skin or the shape of his head. You can't lead people out of ignorance if you're still teaching the Columbus discovered America and we came here to civilize these savages. Will need to teach the three RS of rights respect responsibility if teachers would respect the rights of those students to learn the truth and be held responsible for seeing that they present them with the truth we could kill racism in two generations is not a doubt in my mind that could be done. Elliott at eighty seven years. Old has seen. America, grapple with racism all her life. She's marked major mile posts in the struggle over the past fifty years or so the civil rights movement and the assassination of doctor king in the sixties, the race riots in Miami's Liberty City in nineteen eighty and in Los. Angeles after the Rodney King beating in nineteen ninety, two, the protests in Ferguson. Missouri and twenty fourteen after the killing of Michael Brown and in Baltimore Maryland in two thousand fifteen after that of Freddie Gray and in Charleston south. Carolina. That same year after a church massacre. There are many others. But the problem she has been relentlessly attacking Elliott says, goes far beyond the occasional race-based. Clara. For people of Color in the United States facing racism is an everyday fight every minute of every day. Elliot said. It's only been going on with me for fifty two years. I know black women who have been doing this for eighty nine years and their mothers did and their grandmothers dead and their great is dead and their daughters and their granddaughters and their great granddaughters are going to have to do. It must be get off our polyunsaturated fatty acids and do something about this. I get paid to talk about it. They aren't even allowed to talk about it. One of the biggest hurdles in educating people about racism in the United States Elliott says is that most everyone knows it exists and knows that it's harmful but few are motivated to change it. She stood in front of. and asked who among the white people in the room would want to switch places with a black person no one ever volunteers. She cautions that recognizing the problem is only the first step but Elliott is nothing if not persistent, she says, she'll continue to educate for the next fifty years. She'll push her mantra of one race the science behind the simple words it's clear. According to the National Human Genome Research Institute your genome, the bodies blueprint that contains all of your DNA is ninety, nine point nine percent the same as every human around you. And she says, she will urge people to get out and vote November no hope of electing leaders who will attack racism as she has had on.
Should You Switch to Fish Oil with PRMs?
"Fish oil is rich in the omega three fatty acids, EPA and Dha and most American adults don't get the recommended amount of these nutrients from their diet and officials supplement is one way to help fill that gap. Fish Oil is also used in higher therapeutic doses to treat and prevent. Variety of health conditions including heart disease, auto, immune disorders, arthritis, and even depression. There are a few different mechanisms of action here. Omega threes are anti thrown Belichick that means that they reduce the tendency of blood to form clots and they're also potent anti inflammatories. To how do they do all of this? Well, Omega threes are enzymatic converted in your body into various biologically active molecules and those then orchestrate the body's inflammatory and immune responses at the cellular level. There are a lot of different types of these active compounds including Prostaglandins I, cost annoyed and leukotrienes. Pro Resolving mediators or PRM's our newly recognized category of these active compounds. The three main types of these are protections, resolve ines and medicines, and the fact that three PRM's start with p. r. and M. is actually quite handy. Now, in some medical papers, you'll see these compounds referred to as s PM's which stands for specialized pro resolving mediators, but that's not nearly as handy under Monica device. So I'M GONNA STICK WITH PRM's. Like their name implies crow resolving. Act to actively resolve or turn off the body's inflammatory responses and I want you to remember inflammation is not necessarily a bad thing. It is part of the body's immune response and in the right place at the right time, it serves a very important and valuable function. Chronic or excessive inflammation on the other hand can start to create problems and that's where the PR come in their job is to switch off that inflammatory activity once the immediate threat has been dealt with, which allows the inflammation to resolve and healing to begin. Some research suggests that in diseases that are characterized by chronic or inappropriate inflammation, there might be some sort of disruption in the body's production of these. PRM's and other research shows that supplementation with omega three fatty acids like those fish oil can increase the amount and the activity of PRM's in the body. But if our body makes PRM's when we take Omega three, why would we need to take them as a supplement? Why indeed?
Algae Oil for Cooking?
"McCaffrey. So D-, what's the topic for this week? The topic for this week is. Culinary algae oil what is it and is it a good oil to cook with? Wow that's a new one. Now G oil. Yeah. I actually. This was somewhat new to me as well. I heard about it from a client as I often hear about new things. end. So piqued my interest because of course, I know about algae oil supplements for like a basically a plant source of the omega three fatty acids that we typically find in fish oil. And these are very important types of fatty acids for our brain and our overall health, and so I was thinking, okay. I know about that type of algae oil. But how do you? How could you have an algae oil that you could cook with because you would never want to cook with algae oil that has these very fragile Omega three fats in it because they would just burn up and turn around. Yeah. So I had to really kind of look around and and see what this algae culinary is all about. So there's a company called thrive and that's the name of the brand of the oil. It's called thrive algae culinary oil. And it's owned by a company in in the Netherlands. And so it they don't get their algae from the ocean like like the companies that make algae oil supplements do that type of algae is like marine phytoplankton type of algae, very high in Omega three fatty acids. This algae oil actually comes from an algae that grows on the bark of a chestnut tree in Germany one that's where they originally got their algae from. Now, they make it in these big. like. Steel that's very similar to making your. Yes and in fact, I believe I read somewhere that the company actually is housed in an old PABST blue ribbon factory, and they actually used the same fermenting bats. so they take this algae from a chestnut tree in Germany that's the original source of it. But now what they do is they can grow it now in there that and so they have sort of like a sustainable replenishable supply of this algae. So and they ferment it in the VATS and so during the fermentation process. What happens is they kind of feed a little bit of sugar in to get that fermentation started, and then the fermentation process turns the carbohydrate portion of this. Into oils and so then once they have their final fermented product that is rich in oils that press the oil out of the algae. And this oil is different from. Well, it's different from any other kind of algae. And and it is somewhat bioengineered which which I read is that they do they do add certain things together to make it so that it has a high percentage of mono unsaturated fats in which is the type of fat that's an olive oil and avocado oil. Only this algae oil has a much higher percentage of monounsaturated fats than any other plant oil. It's got like ninety percent of it is monounsaturated versus olive oil which has about seventy six percent monounsaturated so. Is this for would you treat it like olive oil when you cook or you treat it like something that can take a little higher heat? Well, the this one claims that it's great for high heat cooking because it has a smoking point of four, hundred, eighty, five degrees, which is really high and you know olive oils doesn't go that high come and so you know. So basically they have they've they've done this they said they've they've crossed bread. And otherwise. Genetically. Modified. Aspects of this algae to give it a high monounsaturated fat content. And then they you know. So they end up with an oil that has this high amount of monounsaturated. Therefore, it has a high amount of and has a high smoke point and one of the reasons. That you know they they talked about this smoke point in an oil comes from something called free fatty acids within the oil, which most of the fats in our diet, and especially even in our oils are in the form of what we call it triglycerides, which is basically three fatty acids attached to a glycerine molecule, and that's called a triglycerides and that's how most of our fouts exist in our foods a free fatty acid. Attached to a glacier all it's just kind of floating around in there and when you have free fatty acids in your oil as you're cooking it, those fatty acids start evaporating before the other oil components as it heats up and then that's what creates like these little soot particles and then eventually smoke. So
How We're Maintaining a Healthy Plant-Based Diet with Limited Food Options
"Cova is actually forcing us to stretch and expand and creative new recipes because we have such finite and different ingredients that we have to love Ridge. So there's some silver lining I think. Yeah Yeah Yeah. That's a great story. Like no no I. Actually I agree with you and really even outside of Cornell virus or Cova Nineteen I. I love it when we're at home. And we don't have a lot of the ingredients. We would normally have to like hit up. Are you know kind of stable recipes And we're forced into experimental doing something a little different. I actually really like it when that happens. And it doesn't happen all that often normally in life because we go to the grocery store once or twice a week and never really run out of stuff so it is Kinda you know. It's kind of Nice that we're the least. Katy and I are being forced into thinking outside the box a little bit when may have all this pantry? Non Perishable stuff that But not as much fresh food as as normally would yeah. I've been talking to a few of my friends like going at town in the kitchen and not known as real quick you know. They're getting so much more because they have that extra time and actually diving more into the plant based world too because it really is. There's so much more variety if you think about it when you replace plant based meets instead of real meat it's like you got tofu. And you've got vegan sausage veggie ground got lentils and Tempe Elvis other stuff that you can really adventure out with now if you haven't been Vegan or haven't been plant based Over the last few years like us. So Yeah I've got. I've had a few people reach out to me and say I've tried Vegan back and cheese. I've tried you know veggie ground for the first time and I think that's pretty cool Do you WanNa go through like what? We're what we've been eating in the quarantine like a great idea like what? How have you have been approaching food over the last the last week or so? I'm really excited because I recently discovered a new green technically. It's a precarious. I think there's a lot of Moss on the rocks around my house and so even talking to eating boss even be that bad boulder right. I mean surely you know I'm a little bit more terrified and probably my neighbors. You guys 'cause You know as you know. We've got a new baby coming this week writer in the next week and And so I'm really trying not to go to the grocery store and like even packages we get from Amazon. Like I wear rubber gloves and I put them into quarantine in my garage. Four days hoping the virus will die in the event. That like the mailman was sake right. Like I'm I'm really taking it to an extreme because you know the the The stakes are little higher for us. Of course I'm going into the lion's den into the hospital with my wife so that's really disconcerting and a whole different subject but no. I haven't started eating Moss but given what we know about algae right like I perhaps you know. There's there's I can senator scientists complement and see what kind of long chain fatty acids might exist in Moss Moss called. Yeah that you've been saving going out and and grabbing this off of your auto no so disclaimer for Julia and anyone else who didn't realize freaking out. Do not eat the mosque on your property. I don't know what will happen. We'll probably find a new PSYCHEDELIC as a result of this podcast. Someone's like the coolest looking towed. I've I've not actually. I'm standing in my office right now. Looking out across a ravine see this giant rock with a ton of Masan it so I was just thinking to myself like if I had to go forage. That'd probably be the first thing I look at. You know yeah okay. So if you're not eating us what what are you eating? You can go first Julia Ghost. Okay so I mean. It hasn't changed a ton but I wake up and make a big green smoothie so I actually just posted a smoothie recipe on my website hooked on plans with compliment in their complement proteins. Medicinal Mushrooms too and I always just pack it to the Brim. With Greens not loss. I've got Kale and spinach. And even through some sprouts in there sometime sprouts are really good especially now because they boost your immunity tons of antioxidants in there. They last quite a while in the fridge too. So stock up on sprouts and then I have a bunch of frozen bananas in the Freezer at all times in Ziplock bag so throw a couple of those in there and a cup or two of frozen berries and blend that up and then if you need a little sweetness he can add a couple of dates or something like that but I always have like three big smoothies throughout the day. That both Davey and I sip on so it's always good when you when you're hungry but you need a little boost of immunity and really good nutrition so always a smoothie. I go for my run still. I know that we're quarantine but there's nobody outside in our trails. So do that and then come back and have overnight oats and it's just something that I've fallen in love with. I actually had a breakfast cereal before. Now I'm not doing that anymore. But it overnight notes with buckwheat oats and Macha and dates. And what else do we throw? They're a little bit of Maple Syrup. And then I just soak overnight the easiest thing in the entire world with whatever your plant milk favorite is and then you top it off in the morning with some coconut yogurt and a bunch of fruit. So that's super feeling and delicious and have a match or something to and then lunch. I kinda snacker when it comes to let j love like Hamas and veggies and some kind of yummy crackers or something like that or even like Romaine dipped in Hamas super crisp Romaine and apples and dates and I just love snacking at lunch. I don't know why maybe it's like a kid thing that I've always had and we've been trying to get out and do something in the day away from people so something outside when is beautiful and sunny outside because it's just like you know everyone's a little bit anxious right now and you just need a little of that extra boost of energy and like feel goodness so we're not on. Full lockdown were quarantined away from people and getting out and going for ski tour in the mountains or go for bike ride or something just feels so good at man for dinners. That's like that's when you can get super creative and like I was saying my friends are just exploring the whole vegan realm a little more so I'm helping them out but just last night name off one meal we had passed out with. I actually need like a kind of the bean sauce to thicken up the tomato sauce. So out of white beans you just add that to the blender you add some nutritional yeast and some kind of like a spices garlic and onion. And what else do a little salt little museau paste in Dijon and that makes such a Yummy creamy kind of sauce and you could use cash used to but I liked the lower fats lighter version and then he can add that to your pot of like red pasta sauce. I just I had it from the can or from the jar because it's just easy. There isn't past sauce in there through that extra bean sauce in there. It's nice and thick and with some sauteed onions mushrooms and a few extra vegetables and then you can add in some cooked lentils or we had some Eve's Veggie ground round so it's not as whole Foodie but a little more fun for the quarantine veggie ground grounded on meet kind of thing. Yeah Yeah so. Throw that in there and then passed Got this kind of passed a Bellona's that's Kinda creamy and delicious. It was so good. Yeah we've been doing a bullying as as well with by with lentils and Like cashew cream tomato sauce. So frigging good I. I don't know why we just discovered that it was a recipe from Isa. Does it just discovered not that long ago? A couple months before all this happened. But it's been actually something we've been talking to a lot because you know lintels are are easy dryden we can cook them up really easily and then just add some tomato sauce and a little bit of cashew cream and so good
Chemist Confessions Return with Victoria Fu and Gloria Lu Part 2
"My guest. Today they are back. This is now third appears on view. They were here as well returning for the second time because they make skin care science fun. They are chemists and they are also business owners. They have their own line of products there. The ladies behind chemist confessions which is an amazing instagram. As well if you don't follow them if you're all if you want to know the ingredients honey they break it down and make it fun and easy to understand and exciting. And that's why they're here. Please welcome Victoria Fu. Glory Lou back to Niche Butte. Oh they're going again and I think we made it obvious but we're just we hit record again. We had so much more to discuss. And we've we're filibustering we have lost. I will not let them miss her flight. There's so much more than last time. Oh who we do this all day. We could do it so can i? So we're just going to get right into it. I'll try not to be so small Taki because we have a lot to discuss and then we'll end up. If we have time then we can like you know. Ask about your hopes and dreams and whatnot. Okay let's get into it so I had the honeys ask questions for. Y'All and of course they came through because they're all geniuses and they are passionate space so they have questions. I have questions and let's get right back into him so this question is from J. Jane. Okay I've heard the chemical exponents make your skin thin and are bad for your skin over time. Is this true. No no okay. So can somebody their face up. What what does that mean? What does fucking of your face? So you can be overex- fully like you ruined your wall. He'll it will absolutely he'll But so cue to answer this question it does temporarily make your skin a little ner breads kind of just. It's getting rid of the top layer. That's already dead. It's already have dislodged. Anyway it's gotTa go and usually the correctly use chemical exfoliating. You get rid of the cells. That's overdue I use. Your skin naturally turns over. But as you age or there's like environmental factors it's slows down and that that's slowness still all problems like dryness and That unwanted skin texture so come Williams dare to help you speed. I'll get back to normal speed and you can absolutely overdo it so if you jump to a concentration that's way too. Let's say you never use any chemical before and you saw the kind of get cheap very tempting fifty percent college on Amazon That sounds terrifying. You might take away not just a self. That's due to be to leave my take away the stuff that should be coming up and protecting you from environmental factors. Yeah and what that means is year angry. Red Very vulnerable skin that it will take time to heal Our GOTO OCCLUSIVE. That we recommend in this case is Petra. Lod Good on mytalk trade of and heard bad things about and yes. That's actually the gold standard. That will help keep skin especially essentially seared very roskin protected. Yeah and I think what people forget is yes concentration matters. But it's not a competition for the highest amount out there. It's about finding and fine. Tuning your specific percentage so absolutely irritation honestly is bigger problem that we see in people's routine and it is such a big problem for people to manage because once you have irritation you spend your routine dealing with irritation focusing on fixing that correctly and no longer about like trying to do age. Prevention or target is concerned. So you really are taking a few steps back. And that's why we really try to emphasize just minimizing irritation as much as possible into give a little bit of contacts. And if you'RE NEW TO H. A. You can't use it every night if it's a around a five to ten percent range But even if you're just starting try every other night I If you're ready to bump it up and tries on the a little bit more efficacious you can use up to thirty percent. But at that rate it's not leave on product. You have to use it as a mask once a week. Moshe Max and Wash it off. Yeah Yeah Interesting Okay. A lot you out. My brain is like catching up slowly. Processed process wheel on the man. Who does every product say on it? Five percent ten percents it implicitly. Or no they don't and you know but I think the good thing and I would like to give us credit on. This is that we are seeing more and more percentages given So yeah I think just like Boris Ed. Aim for five to ten if you're a beginner And then just be wary of the twenty to thirty Percent Mark. Obviously it can be dependent per type of. Aj but we're not gonNA that's a whole rabbit hole other APP. Yeah and unfortunately someone's doing both in an hour. He's coming up at four getting. Tell me okay. Let's keep going. I'll see when they come in. It could be anybody this studio. There's always something going on. I hope it's Mark Office. Who has been in the seat? Yes he has. Oh this is from Denise I love you. She's one of my friends. But she's like the most supportive amazing. Is it okay to use? Nyah cinema ten percent along with retinol one percent. Do you alternate nights with them early. Yeah she's talking about. She sounds like a very experienced. Retinal user One percent is actually the Max that you can get point zero five or something flake. Yes Oh honey. It's it's great but No problems there. We actually do like the pairing of nine a cinema with with retinol simply because it does offer just barrier support So just a great combo sincere skins kind of under fire share shutting right. Wow Denise you're killing me. Yeah Oh my God expert okay. Yeah that is high okay. This is a question from cooking the account Vincent who we love a male honey. Hello my question is about the way. Actives or ingredients of formula can be delivered into the skin. Penetration enhancers like butylene. Glycol propane proponent deal at CETERA. Dial honey you got to brag to deliver the ingredients product into the skin for example can a ten percent nice city mode Sarum. He said mode by was probably an accident. Serum Without Penetration enhancers can be effective. Does it penetrate the skin? I literally? Oh it says sorry. I'm French we love you. We Love You. We love you and that was incredible. Yeah yeah he knows. Okay so true nerd. I'm like I'm going to be honest. My eyes crossed. I don't understand what the hell is a penetration enhancer. So that's a great question. It sounds like a porn to be honest. I can't hear that now. All my run for a pervert Scorpio. In-and-out ruin all right. So so your skin. Is Fatty Fatty there? The better job is to keep stuff out essentially water. And so that's why the top layer of your skin is mostly fatty acids colonials their minds. Which all are all water. We polling ingredients. What that means is water base stuff. Ashley doesn't penetrate your skin while at all so say no cinemas. A water base active. So that's what Vince is referring to is. Sometimes you add these solvents Play better with the fat ingredients to help the help. Your active guest through the skin. So it's a complicated question because you can't formulae without eh but they're there for more than just penetration enhancing purposes anyway so for example the calls they can help preserve your formula. Okay it can also help with With your stability.
Is a CLA Supplement Effective for Weight Loss?
"Or natural fatty acid found in meat and dairy products. It is naturally produced by grazing animals such as cows and goats and these animals basically have a unique enzyme in the digestive system that converts the Omega six fatty acids in green plants to conjugated linoleic. Acid and then it is stored in the animals muscle tissues and milk so food the highest concentrations of as include your butter lamb fresh ground beef cheddar cheese and so on however the Cla content of these foods on the food products varies with the season and the Diet of the animals of call us. So cla's are not an essential fatty acid. So you do not need to obtain it from your diet. In order to have optimal health nevertheless though people do take cla supplements for that purported fat burning effects and the many health stores. You'll find cla sold as a pill or as a syrup. That's what we're going to really look at today. Cla's in supplement form so yours. He found out already that naturally. It's founded dairy products and beef but it could also be synthesized in the lab as a dietary supplement and the proponents of this or the businesses behind the supplements claim that. Cla's can help to reduce fat build muscle and even increase your energy and endurance and in fat burning supplements that are often co formulated with other ingredients. Such as your caffeine and your Guarani. So obviously in this episode. I want to see whether there's any actual validation as to the fact that they are good fat burning supplements so let's have a look at the impact on weight and fat loss and take a look at some of the studies out So a study called the of conjugated linoleic. Acid reducing fat mass was conducted in two thousand and seven and it was really conducted because Cla's an effective supplement for reducing fats in animals. And all of a sudden he wants to see if I had the same sort of effect on humans however they found off the doing a Meta analysis of eighteen knowledgeable studies that a three point. Two gram doses. Cla's only produced a modest loss in body. Fat percentage in humans and that was three point two grams per day of Cla's and another study conducted in the same year I looked at CLA's and obesity and it also found those no convincing evidence of the effectiveness of CLA's inhuman. So so far. We're already see evidence that the claims to be two of fat loss of CLA supplements might be founded all all of us the emphasize from the studies that do show them to have a benefit and one such study. That does she have a benefit involved. One hundred eighty overweight male and female volunteers between a BMI of twenty five thirty and obviously we do not be is not necessarily an accurate indicator of whether someone is overweight to there being athletic builds and muscle mass and so on however the subject in this study were overweight rather than being muscular and they were allowed to consume radio. Sort of whatever died they wanted however the participants were given a cla as a free fatty acid or they were given a placebo daily for one year and at the end of the study body. Fat Mass dropped by significant amounts with the people that were taking the as compared with placebo with a reduction on average of six point. Nine percent further reduction with the people who are taking the CLA supplements. Obviously this would state that. They're all benefits. And that's obviously. Why fitness companies that are promotion. These sutherland say that they can help. Reduce Body fat and even in this study actually found that supplementation as a free fatty acid actually did increase lean body mass as well so there is evidence to suggest here that it isn't just aiding animals but also humans but y'all needed weight-loss proponents if we move on from this obviously there's conflicting evidence and more studies need to be done really to sort of get a final outcome beyond the weight loss benefits of Cla or potential it should say proponents of Cla supplementation. Belief that it can halt enhance athletic performance by stimulating testosterone production. But again scientific evidence on this has been found to be inconclusive so as we can see by looking quickly at some different studies that all many fat burning supplements on the market that all claiming to be miracle workers and it does seem that. Cla's at the stage one at them they do potentially worked again depend on genetic makeup and it depends how your body reacts individually to them but the evidence is inconsistent so we still sort of preach our core principles of having a healthy balanced diet exercising regularly having adequate rest and Soham so hopefully this helps clarify what cla's all they do ahead words. Conjugated linoleic acid. You know what someone's talking about when they mention them and if you're already taken them or you're considering taking them it may make you think
Does Chocolate Give You a Happy High?
"We humans tend to like chocolate as of two thousand seventeen. The global chocolate market was valued at one hundred three billion dollars a year and growing but why eating chocolate makes us feel good but how chocolate contains several compounds that have been shown to add on the brain in myriad ways and most of them induce pleasure. It's also long been believed that Chocolate bestows heightened feelings of sexuality upon the eater apparently as tech ruler. Montezuma bought into this. He said to of drunk goblets full of chuckle auto unsweetened chocolate drink to boost his stamina and Libido there's also a widely held belief that chocolate can produce a euphoric feeling akin to a runner's high are understanding of euphoria producing compounds. Put together with the modern concept of addiction has even led some to believe that one can be a chocolate addict. Is that even possible? Can a person become addicted to chocolate? There's more than one compound found in chocolate. That could potentially make a person high for starters. The most widely used psychoactive drug in the world is found in chocolate caffeine. It produces a stimulating video logical effect by exciting the central nervous system which in turn increases heart rate and contracts muscles. It's a lot like the fight or flight. Response Caffeine acts on dopamine and a Denison receptors in the brain which then release respective pleasure producing chemicals. Chocolate also contains a compound. That's closely related to the active ingredient in cannabis. A cannabinoid called TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL. Nine fatty acids called cannabinoid hit the C. B. One and C two receptors found most predominantly in the frontal cortex and the parts of the brain responsible for motor function and memory when cannabinoid hit these receptors. A person starts to feel intoxicated and relaxed as a result. And as if that one two punch of psychoactive stimulant and depressant wasn't enough chocolate also packs another surprise fennel ethyl amine is often called the love drug since it releases same chemicals that are introduced into the human body. When love comes to call the compound produces a similar effect to the one produced by amphetamines and is classified as a hallucinogen. It's also aces. Releasing the pleasure producing chemicals dopamine and Serotonin a combination produces an exciting high much like the one generated by the designer drug. Ecstasy chocolate has all of the ingredients needed to make it a wonder drug by all rights. Eating a bar of chocolate should send you into orbit. So why isn't the stuff regulated by the FDA? Why aren't chocolate bars? Sold from locked cabinets behind the pharmacy counter. The truth is while there are indeed pleasure inducing and stimulating chemical compounds found in chocolate. The amount of most of these compounds are relatively small as a result of the energy drinks coffee cigarettes and yes chocolate that humans consume these days. Our brains become quite accustomed to the effects of drugs that release pleasure inducing chemicals compounds that act on receptors in the brain that released pleasure generating neurotransmitters like dopamine work. In two ways they either bind to the receptor causing it to release neurotransmitters or they bind to the site to prevent the reabsorption of those neurotransmitters. Either way there's a lot more of the chemical floating around in your bloodstream. This process is how chocolate or any other substance for that matter gets eater hi. It's also why chocolate doesn't have much of an effect on us. As the brain is exposed over and over to a barrage of compounds the number of receptors available for the compounds to bind to actually decreases and the ones that remain are less easily triggered. The reason for this reaction to drugs is the body's natural state of seeking equilibrium in other words. There's only supposed to be so much dopamine or other pleasure producing chemicals in the body. When hormones are released artificially by the compound in chocolate or any other drug. The bodies seeks balanced by shutting down the receptors released the hormones as a result we become desensitized to the effects of these compounds over time even if the compounds found in chocolate maybe two minute for some of us to get a chocolate happy high. The beloved food can still affect our happiness. The category of self interest that encompasses our pursuit of happiness. Hedonism definitely includes eating chocolate. We gain feelings of pleasure comfort and gratification from it the act of eating chocolate is hedonistic when we eat it. We're seeking pleasure in alleviating pain. Which are the hallmarks of hedonism as we've seen measuring the exact effect of chocolate on her happiness can be difficult most people however believed that such an effect exists in fact one. Canadian study examining the link between chocolate and happiness ended with no conclusive results because the control group that received no chocolate ended up raiding the refrigerator where the chocolate used the study was stored this bombing the experiment while scientists have yet to discover what causes the relationship between chocolate and happiness studies have managed to turn up correlations one two thousand seven study surveyed one thousand three hundred sixty seven respondents all men in their seventies with similar socioeconomic backgrounds and ask questions about their health that his faction in life and emotions like happiness and loneliness. They also snuck in a question that asked what kind of candy they preferred. Those who preferred chocolate showed lower frequencies of depression and loneliness and had a more optimistic outlook on life. Even science never quite figures out. What chocolate does to our moods? Does it really matter if eating chocolate makes you happy go for it?
Debunking Myths of Juice Cleansing
"Juice detox is or cleanses whatever you want to call them. First of all what are they. So juice cleanse is a type of diets that involves consume juices from vegetables and fruits in an attempt to lose weight and detoxify. The body so marked is trying to promote these diets by promising things like rapid weight loss. Better skin and a refresh of the body but is this all B. S. so the basic the idea behind detox diets is temporarily remove some foods or food groups to help eliminate toxins inverted comments that build up from our environment diet and lifestyle. They often don't say what these toxins to eliminate toxins and they aim to help pass infield healthier and lose weights before we look into the negatives about juicing thing I want to I look into what the potential benefits could be so a detox. Diet tends to prescribe session foods or detox. Tease special juices on the lemonade. Surgeon in whole food groups which generally are unhealthy food categories with limited nutritional value so in that aspect potentially are beneficial juries trans fats for example and they also lost from three to ten days. I'm proponents of these. These cleanses Mockus said the fruits and vegetables are high in vitamins ends of minerals so drinking juices could introduce extra neutrons into the body to Overrule Health and these Juice Zorro so wretched anti-inflammatories allow boost your immune system making you feel more energetic Flush out toxins. I talked about again. RATATOUILLE talks off but a lot of this information is really anecdotes. And it's not scientific so it doesn't really carry that that much weight. I did however come across the study published in scientific reports that twenty people to follow a diet of six different juices a day for three days and the participants lost an average of three point. Seven pounds off to the vast. However as we know wait can fluctuate you to number two reasons. I'm holding owns less wattage. You call hydrates and take and so on. But they did find. The juice cleanse increased the amount of some health promoting bacteria and lowered the number of bacteria that causes illness up to a few weeks off to the study. So there are some in scientific studies showcasing the benefits but they are quite spas. So you want to see him. Businesses using what I call really fought shoddy fake case studies of people with unrealistic weight loss to certain impaired time using these teas juices and so. I wanted to explore the risks associated with juicing I informs according to nutritionist fear and a talk the body is naturally actually designed to be able to clear waste materials and chemicals and old hormones in order to prevent an accumulation of potentially toxic and harmful byproducts building up in our systems. And you don't need to be able to follow a artificial diet or system in order to do this. and Andy Belotti was another nutritionist. Based in Las Vegas says that if you're going to be juicing you're actually missing out. It's on loads different. Trades for example. You're not going to get a lot of protein. And of course. People need a daily supply of protein to build healthy immune cells and regenerate muscles from working out. I and is. It's also harder to absorb from plant based foods is an album based products. And so you need a lot more of its to get adequate amounts on Ireland needed for many different functions. For example it's vital. I talked to the proper function of Hemoglobin. which the protein needed to transport oxygen in the blood? You Bet against any calcium when you're juice diets or three fatty acids and even says by juicing a fruit or vegetable also removing lots of its fiber and fiber is of course necessary fraud digestive health regular bowel movements. It also helps you to feel full of longer. Let's say you're very hungry when you're doing these juice diets and it can improve your cholesterol and blood. Sugar levels assistant preventing some diseases such as diabetes. And and what I think is very important. The promise associated with rapid weight loss may indeed occur up. Because you're limiting your your calorie intake. Quite significantly is crash dieting and as we discussed in the past. This is not sustainable. And more likely than not you'll do a one eighty and be back where you were when you first started a few months down. The line awed. Liz Appropriate Director Sports Nutrition of University of California also said that walls cleansing people commonly spirit side effects so they experienced headaches dacre experience fatigue. Difficulty Thinking moutainous stomach pain and Honda hunger pangs. And obviously he changes in bowel function. So there are a lot of things to consider. If you have a word or you've been within the trough of do I do a juice cleanse. So although juicing might feel a quick fix for a period spent overindulging you can begin to see the actually. The long term will do more harm than good.
Omega-3 Fish Oil For Brain Health
"Nicotine use among teenagers. Went up thirty six percent horrify and it's the the whole vaping craze is completely out of control and both nicotine and caffeine constrict blood blood flow to the brain and shrink your seahorse so you have to do three things. Basically brain health is three things brain envy. The you got to care about it. Avoid anything that hurts at no the lest I mean. We've talked about a couple of things like caffeine and nicotine and then do things that help it. Exercise grows. Your seahorses. Volunteering has been shown to grow your seahorses making sure your mega. Three fatty acid sit intake. Grows your seahorses. I published a big study on that in so starts with love. I do the right thing not because I should but because 'cause I love myself and then know what to avoid and what to do when it comes to Omega threes what are your thoughts on the ideal supplement because there's just so many different things things out there. These days such as Krill oil fish oil different kinds of fish oil cod liver oil and now. There's a whole branch of plant based Omega Three. So how are those sufficient enough for. What are your thoughts on all of this? So most of the studies have been done on fish oil and fish oil. That has a high content of two. Do a mega three components. EPA and Dha because they have been shown to help with mood and memory anxiety and overall cognitive performance I developed a supplement company called Brennan. MD and we make something called Omega three power. Where two of those capsules capsules has fourteen hundred and forty milligrams of EPA and Dha in the right ratio? If you went to one of the big box stores you you probably have to take six or eight of their to get the same level for Vegetarians and Vegans algae-based Omega threes are a good alternative addictive. Although you have to take so much of them and mostly they have. Dha Omega Threes Very few of them have EPA and DPA's been found actually to be the most important for mood and add to help people with focus. I think Krill is a lot of marketing mm-hmm but most of the research has actually been done on high quality fish oil. It's the most readily available. And if you get the right dosage it dramatically changes virtually all of your medical risk
"fatty acids" Discussed on The Peter Attia Drive
"Start first started naming chemicals naming fatty acids when they were discovering the structure of them there was the beginning and the end end of the molecule and the way they designated what was the beginning of the molecule. They told that was the Alpha carbon the first carbon and the last carbon. The molecule was always the Omega Carbon taking from the Greek alphabet the Alpha and the Omega the beginning and the end so the Omega Carbon was at the end. If you have an Omega six fatty acid is actually said Omega minus six means that if you count back six positions from the Omega or final carbon you you get the first double bond in the molecule. And that's specific for all all the fatty acids that are mega six family. They all have that characteristic. I double bonds six counting back back from the Omega or final carbon and the omega three fatty acids all have the first double Baden third position. Sounds like it really. Shouldn't you know so what that actually chemically it makes quite a bit of difference in the physical properties of the oils as well as the other molecules or metabolites that these fatty acids are converted into into by enzymes in the body. So that's the Omega six Omega three family fish oils are the ones that contain Omega three predominantly vegetable oils safflower flour oil corn oil. Sunflower oil are rich in Omega. Six fatty acids. It would have taken me an hour to try to explain that bill and it would have been half as clears. Thank you for that the thing. That's always amazed me is how many different pieces of information can be conveyed in the nomenclature of fatty acids because you're dealing with the the extent or degree of saturation anywhere from fully saturated to not as mono and poly you then have the actual number of carbons in the molecule. And then you have the position of that I double bond in the case of the Manos and the polly's so even for someone who's taken a course in organic chemistry mystery like it still requires a little bit of thought when you're looking at detailed chemical drawings of these things and I suspect that represents at least some fraction action of the challenge. That people have been talking about this is we tend to distance herself from what we're talking about because of the confusion but as you point out it sounds like it shouldn't make that much of the difference right. The difference between coconut oil and olive oil is one double bond and yet their properties are almost entirely different. I don't know if you have insight into this. But from an attrition standpoint. Does the specificity of enzymes for these fatty acids is that kind of unique in terms terms. Of just how much difference you can see in the output relative to the starting structure or do you see that to be relatively conserved across all of nutrition outside outside of fats. That is no. It's probably a truism that every molecule is unique every molecule is special in our foods foods in our bodies from water which is probably the most special molecule in the world or in the universe which makes up what seventy percent of our bodies to down down to the fats and fatty acids and of course carbohydrates and proteins are all very unique molecules. I appreciate you mentioning. The number should mention how they are number number in case people ever see them written out in the number format because any saturated fatty acid. Let's take a fatty acid. That has sixteen carbons and it's a saturated fatty addi acid. Common name is called Paul. MEDIC ACID comes from primarily from palm trees palm oil. So it's called Palmetto. Gas Is designation is Sixteen Sixteen Colon Zero Sixteen means how many carbons are in the molecule. The colon what follows the colon is the number of double bonds in the molecule so so all saturated fats is just a number colon and then zero when you get into monounsaturated fats again. It's the carbon number. I like the most common one is is eighteen. Carbon fatty acid eighteen colon. One and the one tells you there's one double bond that fatty acids called oleic acid. We get Oleo from that word. Oleo margarine once you start putting a double bond and a molecule. Now you have to tell the reader where it is in the molecule doc. You'll and to your point when you have eighteen colon one. You've got an awareness that thing in this case it's at position number Omega nine. It's the ninth position position back from the end so that'd be eighteen one colon and here we go. Here's the bar we say omega. We like to say Omega. Three will make mistakes but chemists like to talk about them using the term N.. Like the letter N it's the final carbon in the molecules the carbon and it's the last one instance the Nth one you know exactly where they came from. I don't know sometimes you'll see an omega three fatty acids called an end minus three fatty acid a- and dash three fatty acids same thing. We're talking about the same. I think there's mathematicians that have snuck in there so that the end terminus is where that n must have come from in a geometric series or sequence. Yes we're going to include a lot of figures in the show notes that go through what these pathways look like because at least for me. I don't find I can wrap my head around these things without actually looking at the chemical structures and I still remember probably a figure you sent me eight years ago. That really walked through the pathway from linoleic acid and Alpha lipoic acid all the way down through the D.. Saturay says as long as as all of these enzymes and I think I just had to decide like look. I'm going to sit here and I'm going to learn this and I remember printing it out laminating it carrying it around with me me and just going through it. It's like well it's a race okay that makes sense. It's an e long as it's going to be long eight here one that the day and at least for me. That was just sort of the way to do it. which was just? I'm not going to be intimidated by all of these names. That by themselves don't mean much to me but if I can look at them in the context of what you just said which is there simply referring to positions nations of double bonds and things that it makes it a little easier now of course I think most people listening to this are going to be like okay guys. Why are you going so far into this? I think the answer is these fatty acids basically make up the most important parts of our body right. I mean every membrane of every cell is formulated with these it and it seems that they have a profound impact on our health. They do and we're finding. We're just discovering that more and more and there seemed to be quite differences. I mean on the one hand I'm struck by the relative convergence that you can see across people consuming vastly different things. So there's sort of a dampening effect if you will that the body can do where it kind of converges converges all sorts of inputs to modestly bandit outputs but at the same time. I'm struck by the differences. So I'll give you one example which is in the weeds clinically. But it's hopefully for the listener. Gives them a sense of why we want to understand this. So when we do blood tests on patients. One of the things we always like to do is look at the EPA A. D. H. A. A. Levels in their red blood cell membranes and the laboratory will spit out what percentage it is a PA Dha total saturates total monounsaturated etcetera etcetera. The ranges on those are not that big and most people tend to fall all within them no matter how much reading but they can be really different ends of those ranges so you don't have people that differ by two and threefold but people can definitely differ by twenty thirty percent is that that's my observation. Is that fair. That's true that's true. And because when you're talking about a blood test and civically you're talking about a red blood cell. which which is the test we we like to do? and major the fatty acid composition of the membrane every as you alluded to every member of every cell. Oh is made up of fatty acids and I would venture to say that there is a unique suite of fatty acids a unique pattern of fatty acid for every every type of tissue in every cell. It's not the same anywhere. They're all a little bit different. And that's because the body and the way the wisdom of synthesizing using cells each cell has its own role to play in metabolism. The membrane has to have certain physical characteristics being real loose. Listen floppy or being real stiff. Depending on the need of that cell and the fatty acid composition is unique to afford a certain kind kind of chemical the flexibility. It's an amazing thing. There is certainly much wider variation in the fatty acids. We eat them when we see in our blood. That's because because the body is making the membranes from the raw materials we eat and it picks what he wants and it puts the fatty acids largely where it wants them to be when. You're making a red blood cell in the bone marrow. The fatty acids that are selected and put into that membrane are taken out of the blood and bone marrow. It takes what it wants. You can influence a little bit. But you can't influences like two and three fold different for most facets to give you one real example that is just a a great illustration of this if you take somebody who is on the.
Why Are Macadamia Nuts So Expensive?
"First things first macadamia nuts are not actually ups. Yes I know it's ridiculous. It's right there in the main for goodness sake but much like Brazil L.. Nuts again what is it with. These misleading names. The Macadamia is in fact a seed and although they've become a signature staple of Hawaiian Agriculture Macadamia. His are actually native to Australia. We spoke with Glen Soko an economic development specialist with the Hawaii County Department of Research and development he explained leaned Macadamia. Nuts are originally from Australia but much of the early research breeding work quality development were done by the University of Hawaii on the island of Hawaii. These cultivars are suited for the Hawaii. Climate and do not produce the same high quality nut when grown in foreign conditions cultivars is short for cultivated varieties and these are specific types of plants selected and cultivated by humans. In this case. The plant is a large bushy tree that starts producing macadamia nuts spy the time. It's about four or five years old. So how exactly did these Australia cultivars and up in Hawaii for that you can think. One William Purvis office. Who planted the first Macadamia tree on the Big Island in eighteen? Eighty one purpose didn't initially intend for the tree seeds to be a hit. He planted the trees as wind breaks as for the sugar cane fields. The plants were functional and also happens to be quite pretty but he didn't suspect they could bear such delectable and profitable. See it's about a decade later. One are Jordan planted some macadamia trees on Oahu. The trees that researchers think is the ancestor most of Hawaii's trees and the not quickly became a popular snack among businessmen who came to Hawaii to profit off of sugar plantations in the early nineteen hundreds. The Hawaiian Agricultural Experiment Station was established published to get new crops growing on islands since this newly established United States territory was relying almost exclusively on sugar following the collapse of the coffee market. In the nineteen twenties. The government offered a five year tax exemption on land that was used solely for Macadamia production. But most farmers were interested. That is until roasted it. BECA Damian that's started popping up in stores and consumers went wild demand finance went up and the number of trees planted for nut production more than doubled from nineteen eighteen thirty two to nineteen thirty. Eight sales slumped a bit after that. But by the Nineteen Fifties Hawaii was turning out macadamia goodies to stack fans throughout the world and major companies. Ladies were making a pretty penny off of them speaking of why are Macadamia so expensive while Macadamia is clearly have an interesting past. And they've tastes taste heavenly coated in thick layers of chocolate. Do they really merit they're often exorbitant price tag after all around twenty five dollars a pound. They're considered the most expensive have nuts in the world. So what's the deal. A bunch of factors go into the price but a lot of them. Come down to the fact that Macadamia can't be grown effectively. On the continental dental United States and shipping them in from Hawaii is costly and growing things in Hawaii is costly to begin with because it's a small archipelago that some three thousand miles title. That's nearly five thousand kilometers away from anything in two thousand. Eighteen Macadamia has made the news for a seventeen percent price. Increase which sacco attributed to Hawaii's fixed harvest acreage and a higher global demand. Furthermore Issaquah said it takes seven years for a Macadamia nut tree to produce a crop. Demand remains high and prices are up to a dollar twenty per pound despite this. There's tremendous pressure on the industry. The agricultural labor shortage continues and that's caused wages and benefit costs to increase invasive. Pests continue to affect the Orchard Health and production. The Hawaii land prices are so high. Hi Orchard Expansion is too costly and producers can't wait for seven years therefore the production acreage remained steady despite the increased demand for the nuts. Okay so that explains the cost but are they actually good for you. High fat foods used to be the most demonized of all kitchen staples basically because of a very effective and sort of insidious marketing campaign put out by the sugar industry but thanks to current research and slightly Leila systemic marketing hype such things as nuts oils and seeds are getting their due as healthy options. We also spoke with registered Dietitian than yell. Birger she said Macadamia nuts are high in monounsaturated fats. Low in net carbohydrates and a good source of copper manganese and thion monounsaturated unsaturated fatty acids have been shown to lower. LDL cholesterol levels. The bad kind especially when they're used in place of saturated fats and refined carbohydrates in one's diet it net carbs are important. Consider because it clues you in on how much fiber something contains in relation to the amount of total carbohydrates present. Having we're fiber is crucial to gut health copper assists with iron absorption and transport in the body while manganese and vitamin are central for carbohydrate metabolism. And while all of that sounds sounds great we still live in a society that tends to obsess over numbers. So at two hundred and three calories and twenty one grams of fat per serving a single serving being just ten to twelve nut kernels. and that's just nuts. Nuts dust chocolate are macadamia is really a wholesome snack. Birger said Ed. Although nuts are high in calories they're also packed with fiber heart healthy fats proteins vitamins and minerals essential to our diets. Having a small handful is a filling rolling nutritious snack to tide you over between meals or can be used as a way to round out a meal on top of a Salad or yogurt bowl. They are particularly good substitute for packaged packaged. Ultra processed snacks. Like potato chips calorie-for-calorie. An ounce of chips than outs of nuts are equivalent but the protein and fiber in the nets will keep you energized full. Oh and focused. She said don't fear fats. They're essential for hormone health optimal brain function and absorption of nutrients and end. According to Sacco Macadamia. Aren't just a delicious treat for humans. They can be healthy. Snacks for rodents to he said some pet owners by the nuts in the shell L. to give to the rats to not on this wear down the rats teeth.
US panel backs wider use of fish oil to prevent heart attack
"A panel of scientific advisers to the food and drug administration has unanimously voted in favor of wider use of a prescription fish oil pills the medication can help reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes and there's also not reports it's long been known that omega three fatty acids which are abundant in oily fish such as salmon are good for heart health what's much newer to the scene is a fish oil pill approved by the FDA cardiologists Peter Wilson of Emory University has reviewed the evidence behind the drug is called the sepa this is a prescription product at high concentration this to your assigned fish oil which is extracted from sardines and anchovies is currently recommended for a narrow group of people with very elevated triglyceride levels but Wilson was part of a panel of advisers that was used to weigh in on whether the fish oil pills could also be beneficial for a much wider group of adults including people who've already had a heart attack or stroke and people with type two diabetes who also have another risk factor such as high blood pressure the panel felt very strongly that this fish oil product taken in addition to Statens reduced cardio vascular disease Staten medications work well to reduce LDL cholesterol the so called bad cholesterol Statens can also lower triglycerides to some extent but fish oil can have an added a fax in lowering triglycerides further some prior studies that fish oil supplements that you can buy off the shelf at the grocery store or drug store have pointed to benefits to supplement at lower doses of always been of interest the difference in these most recent studies is using much higher concentrations in the pills in other words smaller doses may help a little but Wilson says to get a significant reduction in risk higher doses are more helpful the evidence comes from a clinical trial sponsored by the company that manufactures the seat back it included people who already had a heart attack or stroke Wilson has no financial ties to the company the trial showed a convincing evidence for reduction of heart attack stroke and cardiac related death about a twenty five percent reduction compared to a placebo group so could people who want to the health benefits of omega three fatty acids just aim to eat more fish especially healthy people who aren't at high risk of heart disease Daria CMOS Afarin dean of the nutrition school at Tufts University says yes for the general population you know I really recommend people eat fish or seafood at least you know one or two servings per week but he says in order to lower triglycerides more is needed the prescription pill is dosed at four grams a day which is the equivalent of eating are you ready for this eight to ten servings of salmon every day that's pretty hard to do you know almost impossible the FDA typically follows the advice of its advisory panels and is expected to decide on expanded use approval by the end of the
Fish Oil Drug Recommended for Wider Use
"A panel of scientific advisers to the food and drug administration has unanimously voted in favor of wider use of a prescription fish oil pills the medication can help reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes and there's also no reports it's long been known that omega three fatty acids which are abundant in oily fish such as salmon are good for heart health what's much newer to the scene is a fish oil pills approved by the FDA cardiologists Peter Wilson of Emory University has reviewed the evidence behind the drug is called the sepa this is a prescription product at high concentration this to your assigned fish oil which is extracted from sardines and anchovies is currently recommended for a narrow group of people with very elevated triglyceride levels but Wilson was part of a panel of advisers that was used to weigh in on whether the fish oil pills could also be beneficial for a much wider group of adults including people who've already had a heart attack or stroke and people with type two diabetes who also have another risk factors such as high blood pressure the
"fatty acids" Discussed on WSB-AM
"With fatty acid fatty, acid isolated from 'Bacterial that already had shown potential for reducing stress and other studies. Here researchers stopped those cells from secreting stress hormones, and triggering that fight or flight feeling the findings published in the journal psychopharmacology could move science, a step closer to preventing disorders like PTSD Scott Goldberg. ABC news, ninety degrees on Peachtree street at three thirty one channel two action news, meteorologist, Brad Nitz in for Kirk Mellish. Atlanta's most accurate and dependable forecast coming up with autopsy results, still pending. Services today for seventeen year old a lease purify. The Arabia mountain high school track team member who collapsed and died last week during summer training, I have a teenager? So it it broke my heart. That's WSB's rob valenki talking to a family friend. There gofundme page intended to raise five thousand dollars as raised thirteen thousand so far Atlanta police say the homicide victim himself appeared up to no good. His body found behind a bucket business this morning, wearing a hood and gloves and matching the description of somebody wanted some car break ins in the area. The US Supreme Court sidesteps for now a case about business services and same sex. Weddings, ashington wild throwing out a judgment against a Baker in Oregon, who would not do cake for same sex marriage. The justices sent the case back to lower courts, leaving it off the docket for next year making it unlikely that the matter will have to be addressed by the high court during the twenty twenty campaign, JV's blog wsbradiOcom you think driverless cars are scary. Listen to this Airbus says it's got the technology to fly passenger planes without pilots. They trying to win over rank later is now and travelers to Airbus hopes to be selling a hybrid or electric passenger jets by around the year twenty thirty five it's already got the technology. They.
"fatty acids" Discussed on FM NewsTalk
"So here we are in part two of skin health and we're going through talking about individual nutrients and like what they do and why they're important for skin health last week we talked about vitamin a and then so far this week we've talked about zinc vitamin c and omega3 fatty acids errands like okay yep yep we are it's all you so next on the list as by attend by a ten is a watersoluble vitamin it's one of our one of our bvitamins it's it's a cofactor for enzymes that regulate fatty acid metabolism so as how we break down fatty acids and any any vitamin that says it's a cofactor most of our bvitamins are cofactors meaning they help do other things right so with this fatty acid metabolism if we if we have good proper fat production we will have healthy skin it's a it's a critical component if we're if we don't we're gonna have a problem since the skin cells are very rapidly turned over there they're replaced very quickly amir you have you avenue skins cells in your in your gut every twentyfour hours i mean they're just turned over very very quickly and as as it mean that they're healthy when they get turned over in and get new ones that just means that that's how quickly you're making them um any because these these cells are also in contact with our external environment so you know he looked at your skin it's was protecting you from from the outside world and when we have fatty acids in our skin they protect against damage to our skin and they protect against um water loss so if we don't get enough by a ten in our bodies our fat production how we make this stuff changes and not for the better and what's crazy is the skins cells are some of the first to develop actual symptoms if you go to you know your local health food store or whatever and you pick up like some sort of hair skin.
"fatty acids" Discussed on WCBM 680 AM
"The blood flowing it's great to maintain a healthy heart rhythm fish oil is now being shown to have an incredible role in cognitive functioning we're talking about memory mood brain ageing infant development cell the cell communication focus fish oils will enhance or increase performance in the brain actually been shown to increase gray matter and it goes to work in only minutes when taken as a supplement new studies showing immediate benefits studies showing longterm cognitive benefits they're looking at fish oil in just about every area of health joint health weight management prostate health skin health the list goes on and on the big issue for the average person out there in fact 9 out of ten of you out there right now are clinically deficient in e f acf as or called essential fatty acids and the two most essential fatty acids are the two that are found in fish oil dha and epa last the business and the fish oil purity's fish oil products have three times more concentration of these two key fatty acids than standard fish oils these are called pharmaceutical grade fish oils meaning there new factored in one of only a handful of pharmaceutically licensed facilities right out in norway they make the best fish oil in the world ninety percent concentrations completely pure no mercury issues no fish taste no fish odors nothing like that just the incredible concentrated delivery system of dha and epa and if you're deficient in those two key fatty acids there's a a long list of symptoms that you could suffer from fatigue poor memory poor immunity certainly poor skin health dry skin obviously your cardiovascular health might be impaired you will potentially have mood issues very clear correlations now between mood problems and low blood levels of epa and dha circulatory concerns all of these things are restore she aided with low omega three blood level most of us don't eat enough fish fish is really the only great source of these two compounds fish oil supplementation has now become the biggest category in the vitamin business because of all the benefits all the clinically proven benefits uh the epa and dha purity's really taken a leading role because we feel we have the best product and now the best product combination with other ingredients we've combined with fish oil.
"fatty acids" Discussed on WDRC
"Fish oil was now being shown to have an incredible role in cognitive functioning we're talking about memory mood brain ageing infant development cell the cell communication focus fish oils will enhance or increase performance in the brain actually been shown to increase gray matter and it goes to work in only minutes when taken as a supplement new study showing immediate benefits studies showing longterm cognitive benefits they're looking at fish oil in just about every area of health joint health weight management prostate health skin health the list goes on and on the big issue for the average person out there in fact 9 out of ten of you out there right now are clinically deficient in ef azf as our called essential fatty acids and the two most essential fatty acids are the two that are found in fish oil dha and epa laugh the business and the fish oil purity's the fish oil products have three times more concentration of these two key fatty acid than standard fish oils these are called pharmaceutical grade fish oils meaning they're manufactured in one of only a handful of pharmaceutically licensed facilities right out in norway they make the best fish oil in the world ninety percent concentrations completely pure no mercury issues no fish taste no fish odors nothing like that just the incredible concentrated delivery system of dha and epa and if you're deficient in those two key fatty acids there's a a long list of symptoms that you could suffer from fatigue poor memory paul four immunity certainly poor skin health dry skin obviously your cardiovascular health might be impaired you will potentially have mood issues very clear correlations now between mood problems an low blood levels of epa and dha circulatory concerns all of these things are associated with low omega three blood level most of us don't eat enough fish fish is really the only great source of these two compounds fish oil supplementation has now become the biggest category in the vitamin business because of all the benefits all the clinically proven benefits of epa and dha purity's really taken a leading role because we feel we have the best product and now the best product combination with other ingredients we've combined with fish oil deliver even better benefits for people we are talking with jason kam president applauded development of purity products about an exciting new product available exclusively through purity products.
"fatty acids" Discussed on KSFO-AM
"The blood flowing it's great to maintain a healthy heart rhythm fish oil is now being shown to have an incredible role in cognitive functioning we're talking about memory mood brain ageing infant development cell the cell communication focus fish oils will enhance or increase performance in the brain actually been shown to increase gray matter and it goes to work in only minutes when taken as a supplement new study showing immediate benefits studies showing longterm cognitive benefits they're looking at fish oil in just about every area of health joint health weight management prostate health skin health the list goes on and on the big issue for the average person out there in fact 9 out of ten of you out there right now are clinically deficient in ef azf as or called essential fatty acids and the two most essential fatty acids are the two that are found in fish oil dha and epa that's the business and the fish oil purity's fish oil products have three times more concentration of these two key fatty acids than standard fish oils these are called pharmaceutical grade fish oils meaning they're manufactured in one of only a handful of pharmaceutically licensed facilities right out in norway they make the best fish oil in the world ninety percent concentrations it's completely pure no mercury issues no fish taste no fish odors nothing like that just the incredible concentrated delivery system of dha and epa and if you're deficient in those two key fatty acids there's a a long list of symptoms that you could suffer from fatigue poor memory poor immunity certainly poor skin health dry skin obviously your cardiovascular health might be impaired you will potentially have mood issues very clear correlations now between mood problems and low blood levels of epa and dha circulatory concerns all of these things are associated with low omega three blood level most of us don't eat enough fish fish is really the only great source of these two com sounds fish oil supplementation has now become the biggest category in the vitamin business because of all the benefits all the clinically proven benefits of the epa and dha purity's really taken a leading role because we feel we have the best product and now the best product combination with other ingredients we've combined with fish oil to deliver even better benefits for people talking with jason kam president apotex's element of purity products about an exciting new product available exclusively through purity products.
"fatty acids" Discussed on KBOI 670AM
"The blood flowing it's great to maintain a healthy heart rhythm fish oil is now being sean to have an incredible role in cognitive functioning we're talking about memory mood brain ageing infant development cell the cell communication focus fish oils will enhance or increase performance in the brain actually been shown to increase gray matter and it goes to work in only minutes when taken as a supplement new studies showing immediate benefits studies showing longterm cognitive benefits they're looking at fish oil in just about every area of health joint health weight management prostate health skin health the list goes on and on the big issue uh uh for the average person out there in fact 9 out of ten of you out there right now are clinically deficient in e f azf as or called essential fatty acids and the two most essential fatty acids are are the two that are found in fish oil dha and epa last the business and the fish oil purity's fish oil products have three times more concentration of these two key fatty acids than standard fish oils these are called pharmaceutical grade fish oils meaning they're manufactured in one of only a handful of pharmaceutically licensed facilities right out in norway they make the best fish oil in the world ninety percent concentrations completely pure no mercury issues no fish tapes no fish odors nothing like that just the incredible concentrated delivery system of dha and epa and if you're deficient in those two key fatty acids there's a a long list of symptoms that you could suffer from fatigue poor memory poor immunity we certainly poor skin health dry skin obviously your cardiovascular health might be impaired you will potentially have mood issues very clear correlations now between mood problems and low blood levels of epa and dha circulatory concerns all of these things are associated with low omega three blood level most of us don't eat enough fish fish is really the only great source of these two compounds fish oil supplementation has now become the biggest category in the vitamin business because of all the benefits all the clinically proven benefits uh the epa and dha purity's really taken a lead role us because we feel we have the best product and now the best product combination other ingredients we've combined with fish oil the deliver even better benefits for people we are talking with jason kam president of product development of purity products about an exciting new product available exclusively through purity products.
"fatty acids" Discussed on WDRC
"Inflammation and if you've heard me before i talk a lot about not eating sugar sugar is one of the worst thing so you can put in your body and on this corser substitutes if you're havas have you have sweet cravings but sugar's a really big problem is sunday to consider getting rid of you comes out taller stevia and you can still have your sweet you just don't need the sugar because it's the number one cause of inflammation which is the number one cause of heart disease an improper ratio of essential fatty acids is another cause of inflammation and i'm sure you've heard about omega3s and omega sixes i won't get into detail but if you have too much omega sixes and not enough omega3s that's an improper ratio that causes inflammation so what has to which i'll make a sixes me and cheese but not not the good stuff the bad stuff the bad meat has bed fat omegas good grassfed meat has good omegas bad dairy cheap commercial dairy has battle make as natural grassfed dairy i mean anything whether cheese butter any thing has good acids good fatty acids so you can eat the same food you eat it just replace the the cheap commercial stuff the commercial meat and dairy with grassfed meat and dairy and guess what you have now healthy ratio of essential fatty acids in your body acidity also causes inflammation what causes acidity coffee preservatives toxins not enough sleep not enough water uh too much bigger too much flower grains all of these things 'cause acidity in your body which causes inflammation and free radicals cause inflammation and that can be caused from too much sun it can be cost for medication could cost some toxins and chemicals in the product.
"fatty acids" Discussed on Ben Greenfield Fitness
"And you know want to constantly be taking charge activated charcoal pills because you can get nutrient deficiencies but at once in a while you can expose you can take a charq activate charcoal pill but the best the best thing that i that i talk about my book the best way to get rid of these is a sauna okay gotcha i'll get it into the sauna in a second 'cause i i actually have my own little protocol for that i wanna ask you about but i i do i'm pretty sure with the omega3 fatty acids that basically there's there's two different ways that estrogens can get metabolize ones like a c to pathway an ones a c sixteen pathway i think is the other one and when they get metabolize on the c two path way they get metabolize into what's called asked roane and esther dial and they lose a lot of their estrogen uctivities and from what i understand what what a high omega3 fatty acid consumption does is it promotes metabolism esre of estrogens via that c to pathway so you basically it helps your liver get rid of estrogens from the body a little bit more readily and converts them into a form were there less extremely astor's janik which would mean like if you're doing a lot of of let's say you know even fermented soy or flax or lobbies fido estrogens that should be prioritising one of the things that in my opinion goes along quite well with the plant rich diet which is a lot of really good like wild caught fish and eggs from you'll pastured hands or or a you know freerange hens that are high in omega3 so it's a really good one to combo in my opinion so.
"fatty acids" Discussed on KKAT
"The but quality supplementation is very critical we show you how to supplement quality even though we try to get folks to derive the vast majority of their food their nutrients from the food they eat proper supplementation in his key so studies find that omega3 fatty acids can support that healthy gut flora aside from their old numerous health benefits like reducing the inflammation which is key to extracting nutrition out of our food if you're not regularly eating the wild caught fatty fish then you should definitely support good quality of megat 3 fatty acid supplement also taken a strong probiotic supplement is is key this helps to reduce the inflammation the gut but it also cultivates a health and good growth good healthy growth of the bacteria another thing that you can implement a whole is add more the coconut oils studies demonstrate the anti inflammatory in weight loss benefits from adding that medium chain triglycerides coconut oil so some of my favorite fats are obviously the coconut oil coconut butter these contain those fabulous fat burning medium chain triglycerides another thing you can do a whole was remove the inflammatory fatso cut out the bad inflammatory omega six rich fats like the vegetable oils the canola oils those types of things to replace them with a healthier all the the healthier royals like the omega excuse me the extra virgin olive oils and the coconut oils and lastly at fiber rich foods fiber is so key to helping those guts to be healthy so the nuts the seeds those are this a special fiber called glucose mannan those provide prebiotics and they feet are healthy gut flora so number three and why we can't lose weight of the four issues that we're going discuss again is inflammation in the.
"fatty acids" Discussed on KKAT
"But quality supplementation is very critical we show you how to supplement quality even though we try to get folks to derive the vast majority their food their nutrients from the food they eat proper supplementation is key so studies find that omega3 fatty acids can support that healthy gut flora aside from their old numerous health benefits like reducing the inflammation which is key to extracting nutrition out of our food if you're not regularly eating the wild caught fatty fish then you should definitely support with a goodquality omega3 fatty acid supplement it also taken a strong probiotic supplement is is key this helps to reduce the inflammation in the gut but it also cultivates a health and good growth good healthy growth of the bacteria and other thing that you can implement a whole is add more the coconut oils studies demonstrate the anti inflammatory and weight loss benefits from adding that medium chain triglycerides coconut oil so some of my favorite fats are obviously the coconut oil coconut butter these contain those fabulous fat burning medium chain triglycerides another thing that you can do a whole was remove the inflammatory fatso cut out the bad inflammatory omega six rich fats like the vegetable oils the kennel oils those types of things to replace them with the healthier all the the healthy royals like the omega excuse me the extra virgin olive oils in the coconut oils and lastly at fiber rich foods fiber is so key to helping those guts to be healthy so the nuts the seeds those are stress especial fiber called a glucose mannan those provide prebiotics and they feed are healthy gut flora so number three and why we can't lose weight of the four issues that we're going discuss again is inflammation in the.
"fatty acids" Discussed on WSB-AM
"It is google dr joe we would love the opportunity to work with you to help you get well unstable so we're talking about today are vitamin deficiencies and nutrient deficiency is i should say omega3 fatty acids is another big and this is the one now i take vitamin d supplements when it's not sunlight time of the year and i take omega3 fatty acid supplements every day because of mega 3 fatty acids even as vegan well especially as if he was we don't eat other omega3 fatty acids from animals we need to get it we can produce some of it ourselves we can get some from plans but my opinion is that we should be taking a omega3 fatty acids supplement now that being said most of us have low concentration of what's called epa and dha which is the nate the forms of the omega3 fatty acid that we use and its associated with increased risk of death from all causes omega3 deficiency has been revealed as the sixth biggest killer of americans isn't that crazy the six biggest killer of americans this is something that you can easily resolve and if we not this out it helps while it's not the deficiency the omega3s is what the deficiency causes and that's going to help your body function a lot better to help fight the other causes of death most americans eat too many omega six fatty acids process soils corn oil soy oil vegetable oils and way too few antiinflammatory omega3 fatty acids and that sets the stage for a number of healthcare problems include your cardiovascular disease cancer depression alzheimer's rheumatoid arthritis diabetes so again at nothing happens independently everything relies on other things and if you have an omega3 deficiency year in deep trouble telltale signs of omega3 to omega six imbalances now you need some omega six but we get way to me drying flaky skin alligator skin chickens skin on the back of.
"fatty acids" Discussed on WLOB
"Is called medium chain fatty acids are a m c f face found in coconut oil the very easy to absorb of the body and they can get into the brain through the bloodbrain barrier their fuel for the brain so yes on coconut oil but not all coconut oil is made equally you need to find a coconut old at his coal pressed that is doesn't have any solvent senate that's is pure issue you can possibly get so that you get the best into the body and you can benefit by in it's the same time you should eliminate the omega 3 fatty acids which are those oils that come through fish and if you don't like fish like salmon sardines and herring and so forth you can take it in capsule form either in the form of fish oil or flaxseed oil that too is beneficial to alzheimer's disease a one thing diagnostic li you might want to consider bob two is actually screening for aluminum top meaning you can actually send into a licence laboratory a sample a very small sample a clipping of the of your hair right at the nathan the neck doesn't require much and the laboratory then melts down the hair and it can actually do a very sophisticated sciencebased asks a as to do you have aluminum poisoning or led poor name or mercurypoisoning or cadmium in your system that could be impacting the way the brain functions the way the neurons are talking to each other or in the case of alzheimer's not so that test is is really inexpensive as it relates to objective sciencebased a old analysis objective analysis and there's a.
"fatty acids" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe
"The three knack renew macura nutrients like a fatty acids protein and glucose if we had we can store extra fatty acids as adipose tissue we can if we had more glucose than we need at the moment be store that has quite kitchen and the liver we can't really story extra protein you you have the protein in your muscles in your body but there's no place where we store up extra protein right but circulating amino acids or anything now while the ever thought that's very insignificant jesuit let's use the man it's very volatile carrots not i know there's no she wore the snow store of protein other than your actual muscles right but fat is stored calories kitchen is stored glucose so when when you eat and your blood sugar rises you shift into quite kitchen storage to get your blood you get your blood sugar down blood sugar your glucose goes into the cells that with the insulin does and use the sugar for for calories for energy as an energy source when you're when you your it's been a wall century in your blood sugar drops you convert quite kitchen to glucose right so if all goes well you could maintain a fairly steady blood level of glucose using the kitchen and your liver as a buffer now there's a two basic tissues in the body that need glucose are the brain and blood cells so the the energy you can get the metabolism you can get from glucose is a lot faster leaving it a lot more energy from glucose than you can from fatty acids but you can burn fatty acids directly.
"fatty acids" Discussed on Ben Greenfield Fitness
"Yeah ono leon who knows whom you a think when i was in london at the bile hookers conference in london he was out though on yeah that's right you yeah exactly so they naturally with them uh waco countrymen his last name on they they're doing quite a bit of research into uh you know calories on a key to tadic diet and what they realized is that if you and now it's getting a bit nerdy but if you take the at eighteen carpets of fat a you know fatty acids so i'm an eighteen cotton fatty acid and um you compare thus wave them three three molecules of glucose which also than has sam it's a six carbon monocoque yuzo three times six is eighteen as loud so that you can compare on what they saw is thus with fatty acid you can needs hampson twenty plus atp molecules of atp whereas glucose which i am at put it promotes it generates more heat wave burns its maximum maximum ninety six so we also see they that's it's actually a more effective for more efficient way of generating energy and that's why you probably half to reduce your calorie intake so that you can read it compared a key to china dahlia's wait them you know a normal standards dahlia's uh especially in in trials i think that's one of the dan bowls of some trials as loud and that has never really being explored that way but if you want to really be genuinely eissa caloric so if you want to compare to diets and genic died is one of them you probably have to go down on the connery's.