35 Burst results for "FDR"
The 'Keep Nine' Amendment
"A little idea of exactly what your organization keep. Nine. Is it? Nine is a bipartisan organization that is working to persuade Congress to propose what would be the 28th amendment to the United States Constitution That would say the Supreme Court of the United States is nine justices. Be the shortest amendment in the Constitution, and it would prevent the idea that some people are talking about which is to APAC. The Supreme Court the Supreme Court, is it our most important institution? The United States Constitution is an amazing document, and it creates a balance between the executive legislative and judicial branches. And the Supreme Court is the branch that has been called on time and again to resolve disputes between the executive branch and the legislative branch and to resolve issues that otherwise might Tear the country apart. So it's a critical institution for the survival of American democracy. And the most important element of the Supreme Court is that it is independent. It can't be controlled by the president. It can't be controlled by Congress. And throughout our history. There have been people in the presidency and in Congress that I wanted to destroy the independence of the court. And it may be the most important issue of this election. Whether or not this election results in the election of folks Who want to preserve the independence of the Supreme Court for the election of the folks who want to destroy it. Now the president Any president has no control over the Supreme Court, but it can have a lot of influence because let's face it. President Trump has two picks to the Supreme Court already and Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh. There's still two picks from President Obama's era. There's two from the George W. Bush era on there, There's two from the Clinton era on there and one remaining one from the George H. W. Bush era. So let's just Those ugh that if President Trump is reelected, he could get possibly two, maybe three more Supreme Court justice opportunities coming up here, with Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Clarence Thomas, both rumored to be considering retirement. I think Stephen Breyer as well somewhere down the line, but in the next few years, so that proves the importance of the Supreme Court and how much influence we could have for 50 years going forward from the Trump Eric. Correct, Absolutely. But there's an even more fundamental issue more than 100 years, the Supreme Court In an independent institution. Congress has not changed its size. But if after this election we end up with Ah, somebody that wants to pack the Supreme Court. We could end up with not just the names of people on the Supreme Court changing but the nature of the Supreme Court. If the Supreme Court became a political football between the two parties, with one party packing it when they were in charge and another party packing and when they were in charge, we would lose one of the most important institutions in the country. And that independence is mohr important, then who is appointed and we're very fortunate right now, in that both candidates appear to say that they don't want a packed court. Trump is attack court packing. And Biden said, I don't want a packed court either. But the problem is that there's some people on the Biden a team, including Kamala Harris, who said in the past that they like the idea of court packing and the Democratic Party platform. Includes language that says they favor court restructuring. And Senator Chuck Schumer has said that he might restructure the court if the court doesn't rule in ways that he likes. So there's a threat out there. And our appeal is two candidates in both parties who say that they don't want to pack the court to endorse the Keep Nine Amendment so that we are permanently protected against efforts to pack the court. And we think that's a critical issue that voters ought to care about because it will show what kind of governance we're gonna have over the next four years. If we have people who support to keep nine Amendment, we can rest assured that the court is not going to be packed. But if we have people who won't support to keep nine Amendment, we've gotta worry and so candidates for Congress candidates for the president. We think we ought to be asked. Do you support to keep nine Amendment because if they would pack it like you mentioned that would lead to political chaos The Supreme Court is always seen is at the institution that is more rational and steady and less fashionable, right and throughout our history, the biggest beneficiary of an independent Supreme Court are minorities because it's the Supreme Court that protects the unpopular rights of minorities. Every once in a while, you get a wave in Congress, so we got to do something. People say Well, it could affect minorities and sometimes in Congress. They don't care and the classic example of the Supreme Court standing up for minorities was almost 200 years ago, when Andrew Jackson decided that he was going to see the land of the Cherokee Indians and deport them all. The Oklahoma and the Supreme Court stood up and said, it's wrong. Unfortunately, at that time, Andrew Jackson said, Well, how many regiments does the Supreme Court have and ignored their ruling? Now? That wouldn't happen today, The Supreme Court has enough power to resist that kind of defiance. But if a president could say, Well, I don't like your decision. I'm going to pack the Supreme Court put my own people on the rights of minorities would be AH, gravely at risk. There were other presidents in the past have threatened to stack the Supreme Court as well. Back in the early 19 hundreds correct right. The most recent memory was Franklin Roosevelt in 1937. He had just won an overwhelming victory in 1936. Hey, had overwhelming majorities in both houses of Congress. And so he decided that he was going to use that opportunity to put some of his allies on the Supreme Court because at the time they were ruling against some of the legislative proposals that he had made and what he didn't expect was a outpouring of public opposition in both parties. And it basically destroyed his ruling coalition in his second term, and our message to both parties is don't go too far proposed your policies past them in Congress, but preserve the independence of the Supreme Court. Because if you try to upset that you're risking all the other items in your agenda. How did they come to nine as the final number in the Supreme Court? Well, it's very interesting history for the first almost 90 years of American history. The Supreme Court was, in fact, a political football and the Republican majority after the civil War was stuck with a Supreme Court that had been appointed by pro slavery president prior to the civil war, And so they basically was a naked power grab. They expanded the size of the court put their own people on. And you can argue that that may have been the right strategy after after a civil war, but very soon thereafter, the tradition grew At the Supreme Court ought to be independent was a tradition honored by both parties after 18 69 and people thought, you know people would honor tradition and in 1937. When FDR said, I'm going to pack the court, it was a great shock to people Now. It's interesting that FDR also broke another long standing tradition in American politics. He ran for a third term, and there had been a tradition ever since the founding of the republic that presidents only ran for two terms. And what happened in that case was, there was a public outcry and the 22nd amendment to the Constitution, which limits presidents to two terms was a response to Roosevelt's running for a third term. And our view is that just as the 22nd amendment put into the Constitution, a longstanding tradition, a new 28th amendment that says the Supreme Court of United States should be nine justices is the right way together. NT the independence of the Supreme Court for the future and is keep nine dot org website the best place for people to go to either support your idea for an amendment or just get more information. Absolutely. And if you go to that website, you'll see an E mail address where you can email us with specific questions or if you want to get involved in this effort. We're hoping that in the next two months, an army of citizens will AH demand that candidate for Congress for Senate and for the White House will answer the very simple question. Do you support to keep Nine Amendment? To keep the Supreme Court at nine justices and by the way, our hero on this issue was Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who has said she opposes court packing and she thinks nine is a good number for the Supreme Court. Roman Bueller, executive director director of of Keep Keep Nine Nine I I really really Appreciate Appreciate you you joining joining us us in in the the lending lending your your voice voice to to the the Voice Voice of of Pittsburgh Pittsburgh today. today. Well, Well, thank thank you you so so much. much. I I really really
"fdr" Discussed on Politics and More Podcast
"They're gonNA, wake up on November fourth knowing who won or lost. They are no. They're digging in for what could be a a really messy. result. As Joe Biden put it to me this thing's going to get ugly and One of the things that Democrats have learned since two thousand is that in the year two thousand when Al Gore and George Bush had this. Contested result where it wasn't clear on the morning after the election who the winner was, Democrats made a terrible mistake. They now say which was they were not as fast to move. They were flat footed, and this time you see that Democrats have set up a variety of kind of legal swat teams who are prepared to go into states and begin to file all of the legal procedures necessary to try to contest this thing. Forty percent of the electorate seems on board for trump being reelected. What is Biden make those voters? Are they changeable? And what does it say about the country in his view? I was I was struck by the fact that. By doesn't characterize them as deplorable, they know to use the famous term that Hillary Clinton. Regrets she ever used I think that's partly tactical. He's trying to win them over in the election and he's not GonNa make moral indictment. The way I feel about it is. kind of in a position. That FDR was. I'm not comparing myself fifty are for real. So it's not like Biden says get are. But. It is not required ideological inch. If you think about it. What in fact FDR did was not ideological it was completely practical. How do we.
"fdr" Discussed on The New Yorker Radio Hour
"Now, in what ways Evan has the Cova crisis reshaped the electoral map for for Biden. Well. It's transformed the electoral process. I mean there is none of the state to state. Marathon he is not doing a dozen speeches a day, which is what a candidate usually does and for a candidate like Joe Biden to be blunt about it, that's actually been a great benefit because he has a history of making mistakes when he talks out saying things that get them into trouble and he much more controlled environment I mean he's sleeping in his own bed every night exercising in his house, he's giving very controlled speeches to audiences that are essentially hand-picked. So from that perspective, it has been a completely unpredictable. Benefit to his candidacy I feel good about where we are nationally. And I. Feel Good. We are key states but I know that. It's GonNa get really really ugly. He is going to. Continue to lie. And what I do worry about today Eban for real. I was worried about them screwing out the electric outcome anti. Oh, he's one helluva her to prison. Say I'm not sure except the outcome I'm not committed. And He he is really. By basic basically every. Norm. And the consequences of that is that The American people begin to see it. And? Pray to God for the country not me. That they don't by his. Appeal to racism and his appeal to this overall division and just splitting the country. Now, we're talking in the latter days of August you basically have September and October left to go where are the Biden people going to focus their energy from now until election day. Well there are more or less half a dozen states which they consider to be the essential swing state. Some of these we we all know it's Florida Pennsylvania. They are actually looking though at places that we don't ordinarily think of democratic prospects like Georgia and Texas and. They what they believe is that there every candidate would like a landslide. But in this year, a are even more determined that that's going to be vital for them because that may be one of the factors that determines whether or not or how much donald trump contests the result. Do. The Biden people think they're gonNA wake up on November fourth knowing who won or lost. They are no. They're digging in for what could be a a really messy. Result, as Joe Biden put it to me this thing's going to get ugly and. One of the things that Democrats have learned since two thousand is that in the year two thousand when Al Gore and George Bush had this. Contested result where it wasn't clear on the morning after the election who the winner was Democrats made a terrible mistake. They now say which was they were not as fast to move. They were flat footed, and this time you see that Democrats have set up a variety of kind of legal swat teams who are prepared to go into states and begin to file all of the legal procedures necessary to try to contest this thing. Forty percent of the electorate seems on board for trump being reelected. What is Biden? Make of those voters are they changeable? And what does it say about the country in his view? I was I was struck by the fact that Biden doesn't characterize them as deplorable did not use the famous term that Hillary Clinton. Regrets. She ever used I think that's partly tactical. He's trying to win them over in the election and he's not GonNa make moral indictment. There are portion of. that. Between thirty to forty, it varies percent..
What we'll remember from the 2020 Biden convention
"For more on Biden's speech. In this week's historic virtual Democratic convention we're joined by two guests in Massachusetts Dr. Cornel. West with a professor of the practice of public. Philosophy at Harvard. University author of numerous books including race matters and black prophetic fire. His new podcast called the tight rope in two thousand Seventeen Cornell Westwood's in Charlottesville with. Neo Nazis stormed the campus he and other clergy members were protected by anti-fascists from the mob white supremacists and in Baltimore Maryland were joined by Ben Jealous Precedent people for the American way former president of the ACP. He ran for governor of Maryland in two thousand eighteen we welcome you both to democracy. Now, Ben Jealous congratulations on your new position as head of people for the American way. Why don't you start off by responding to this week's Democratic convention your thoughts on. Where the two now nominees the. President not presidential nominee, Joe Biden and historic a selection of Kamla Harris, to be his running away their positions and how. They represent what you do or not. Theme this convention was really one of unity. This was a time. When we have to come together to defeat a president, who is the most evil the most corrupt than any of us have seen and That says a lot. It also was the time we saw two two nominees who we as progressives. No, we can work with. Kamla. Sister who introduced her Maya. The former head of the ACLU of northern. California. Kamo ran for D. A. and much more conservative time and yet did so as outspoken opponent of the death penalty who then held her ground early in term when she was tested, would an officer was killed an the entire liberal establishment northern California came down on her and she said the death penalty is wrong period. Tremendous Kirch and Joe Biden who Bernie himself said is poised to be the most progressive presidents since FDR. And so while it's not Bernie. And while maybe it's not somebody else someone hope for what we do know is that these are people that we can work with. These are people who their best represent our best values literally the daughter of civil rights activists, the sister of a civil rights lawyer who are self told me fifteen years ago she became a prosecutor because it wasn't enough to just fight the power. We also had to hold the POW. And I've seen her act courageously. So I'm I'm very hopeful and I have no doubt that we can work with. Joe. Like addy who spoke so beautifully, and that was the true highlight for me. I believe that we must move towards Medicare for all I also believe that Joe Biden will take us further in that direction certainly. Donald. Trump and frankly further than most presidents that that that we have an opportunity here to move things in the right direction again and as organizers. That's the most important thing to get out of any presidential election is a president that you can move in the right direction. and Professor Cornel West your reaction to this week in the positions of the Democratic candidates for president if I president. Day My points of reference really are the freedom dreams that we just heard from zoom commodores and genius Lionel Richie. Of Ella, Baker, who was invoked by brother Biden and the first sentence. Of his speech the Alabama who was a revolutionary L. A. Baker who was working on the mass party organizing committee would offer annoy the Great William Kuntsler for actually working for third parties because he thought, she thought that the two party system was so decrepit and then also to Curtis Mayfield that they've been playing over and over again, the move on up but you got to move on from poverty. And in order to do it, you gotTa Talk About Poverty. If you go move on from Wall Street greed and Wall Street crimes, you gotTa talk about, Wall Street Green Wall, street cry go move on up from the Pentagon militarism around the world you gotTa talk about it. Those are the taboo issues that we don't get serious wrestling with. So when you really. Talk about the soul of America, the battle for the soul of America much of that so has been evacuated by the Pentagon, cry greed and the Wall Street greed and the inability of the police and other institutions at treat black people and Brown people, Indigenous People as human beings so I agree with brother. Ben. In terms of being part of an anti fascist coalition. That I think we're forced to vote for buying, but we're not going to lie about buying. WE'RE NOT GONNA lie about Harris. We're going to tell the truth about their. Captivity and their. Refusal to hit Pentagon money spending and militarism around the world at Wall Street, green and. Speak substantively to issues of poverty you can have massive protests all around the country, the largest in the history of country, you can have brother Barbara. Assisted theorist talking about poverty, and then when you get to the convention, you get this spectacle that has nothing to do with wrestling with poverty. I think court breath corey was the only one that even talk about it for the most part none of the major figures did thank God that Bernie thank God LLC. Got A little ninety minutes as opposed Republic Ninety Second Major. Sometimes. Ninety seconds, Ninety seconds so that I you know I'm I'm with Ben in terms of we got the vote for Biden but never ever lying about him and not coming to terms with the fact that. This moment with the decline and fall of the American empire it looks as if the system is unable to generate enough energy to seriously reform itself, it remains sanitized superficial. We getting Lawrence Wealth bubbles rather than prince the revolution I want to go to the Princess Revolution Concert I walk fundamental change.
Trump fires TVA chair, cites hiring of foreign workers
"The president today, firing the chair of the Tennessee Valley Authority, the TV a criticizing the federally owned corporation for hiring foreign Workers. President Trump telling reporters at the White House that he was formally removing the chair Skip Thompson and another member of the board, and he threatened to remove other board members if they continue to hire foreign labor. By the way, Thompson was appointed by President Trump as background. The TV A is a federally owned corporation created back in 1933 to provide flood control, electricity and economic development to the Tennessee Valley. That was a region it was hit especially hard during the Great Depression. It covers not only most of Tennessee but also parts of Alabama, Mississippi in Kentucky, as well. A small sections of Georgia, North Carolina and even parts of Virginia. The president is also calling on the CEO to be fired, claiming his $8 million your salary should be closer to $500,000. Informally removing the chairman of the board James Thompson and board member Richard Hold. If the TV a does not move swiftly to reverse their decision to re hire their workers, then more board members will be relieved. We have the absolute right to remove board members on the board makes a decision. I don't make that decision I saw there was an ad on television talking about the amount of money that the chairman makes, and it's a ridiculous amount of money, but we have the right Replace the board and the board is the one the only ones that get the right to then hire a new person. Furthermore, the board must immediately hired that new CEO who puts the interests of American workers. First, the current CEO Jeff Li, Ash is ridiculously overpaid. He earns $8 million a year. Did you know that he's the highest paid government official of any country anywhere in the world? I don't know that Gollum officially a government. It might be a public private. Maybe something is a long time ago, It was established Tennessee Valley, but he gets $8 million a year. So that was just a succession of deep swap things happening on DH. It's a disgrace, but he gets $8 million per year on DH. I can think of about almost 100% of the people I know would take that job and not a very hard job. Not a lot of debt, not a lot of anything, right public services just at those who take these jobs must be focused on the public. Good not on personal profit. He would have taken the job for millions and millions of dollars less. But nobody asked him to do that. Okay, would have gone for less. You could have had him for forming in 15,000,001 million, probably 500,000 year. The new CEO must be paid no more than $500,000 a year, which is still a significant amount more than the president of the United States makes That from the president on the Tennessee Valley Authority again, which was first organized back in 1933 at the start of the FDR
Well in Brooklyn. We've still - Gal Test 5
"The the world's world's biggest biggest companies companies are are joining joining forces forces to to cut cut carbon carbon emissions emissions and and a a double double punch punch of of the the movie movie industry industry from from the the Corona Corona virus. virus. Wednesdays Wednesdays one. one. Let's Let's get get a a check check of of traffic traffic in in transit transit on on the the ones ones now now from from Karen Karen Stewart. Stewart. Well Well in in Brooklyn. Brooklyn. We've We've still still got got a a full full closure closure of of the the Bhagwan Bhagwan is is Ram Ram to to the the Brooklyn Brooklyn Battery Battery Tunnel. Tunnel. We're We're dealing dealing with with the the debris debris spilled spilled that's that's been been out out there there since since before before five this morning. All lanes are blocked. They have reopened the H O V lane. The trouble of traffic squeaked by it is working very, very slowly. We are jammed in the guano is from back in the Verrazano Bridge. Bell Parkway is jammed onto the guan US from back of Bay Ridge Avenue on the Prospect Expressway delayed up to the go honest now starts back at Seely Street almost on Ocean Parkway. So in New Jersey. The good news is the North bound Turnpike Express lines are open and 71 The delays are easing out enormously. The delight of the inbound UW birds. Charles from the 80 95 Express is now only about 10 15 minutes. We are heavy across the spam into the city over the Alexander Hamilton on the eastbound cross Bronx will stay heavy until you get to Grand concourse. Upper East Side still bumper to bumper on the South Harlem River from 132nd Street Down East Harlem 114th. It stays heavy down the FDR but earlier problems in the seventies gone, and so things were starting to look up in the world. There is a need to know about the bridges and tunnels, 59th Street Bridge, absolutely packed from Queens Boulevard and Northern Boulevard. What? Throgs Throgs Neck Neck and and Whitestone Whitestone are are still still in in very very good good condition condition and and on on on Long Long Long Long Island, Island, Island, Island, Island, the the the the the westbound westbound westbound westbound westbound ally. ally. ally. ally. ally. He He He He He has has has has has delays delays delays delays delays now. now. now. now. now. Not Not Not Not Not too too too too too bad, bad, bad, bad, bad, though. though. though. though. though. Out Out Out Out Out into into into into into Asian Asian Asian Asian Asian 39 39 39 39 39 for for for for for Glen Glen Glen Glen Glen Cove Cove Cove Cove Cove Road. Road. Road. Road. Road. I'm I'm I'm I'm I'm Karen Karen Karen Karen Karen Stewart Stewart Stewart Stewart Stewart on on on on on 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 wins. wins. wins. wins. wins. No No No No No New New New New New York York York York York City City City City City is is is is now now now now officially officially officially officially in in in in a a a a heat heat heat heat wave. wave. wave. wave. But But But But on on on on the the the the upside, upside, upside, upside, it it it it should should should should be be be be a a a a relatively relatively relatively relatively short short short short heatwave. heatwave. heatwave. heatwave. Let's Let's Let's Let's get get get get specifics specifics specifics specifics from from from from digging digging digging digging divorce. divorce. divorce. divorce. Thank Thank Thank you you you Other Other Other Dane? Dane? Dane? Yeah, Yeah, Yeah, we we we hit hit hit 90 90 90 plus plus plus third day in a row yesterday. The brutal nous of that heat and humidity really evident the last couple of days. One thing you'll notice those you're out the door this morning is the dew point or the amount of humidity in the air is down a bit, so it'll still be hot today, not quite as human. We'll still get above 90 and real fields in the upper nineties with mostly sunny skies. Humanity searches back tonight and there could be a thunderstorm towards daybreak. We get close to 90 the next couple of days tomorrow Thursday, but the humidities backup so real fields will be in the low to mid nineties. So while we may ease out of the heat wave specifically, it's still going to be pretty rotten till we get towards the end of the week in terms of lesser humidity, arriving for the weekend itself will keep you up to date as we go through this He wait continuing today on New York's weather station 10 10 wins. Okay, 80 right now, now, with with a a real real feel feel of of 85. 85. Resident Resident trumps trumps been been sending sending in in federal federal agents agents to to deal deal with with unrest unrest in in Portland, Portland, Oregon, Oregon, has has been been threatening threatening to to do do so. so. Another Another city city is is run run by by Democrats Democrats of the local authority. Don't get the violence in those cities under control, but Merida, Blasio says it's not going to happen. Here is Glenn Shock reports from Midtown this morning, Glenn Federal police like Homeland Security agents are said to be going into Chicago unless legal action stops it Now. The president wants to go further blaming liberal Democrats for crime and unrest in other cities like Philadelphia, Detroit and New York. And that Federal help is needed here is well. New York won last night, the mayor, calling the president's threats all politics and rejects any federal cop plan. He's trying to send an outside presence. It's not because it's needed to protect those buildings again. The same way he's used ice. He uses ice as an extension of his reelection campaign, not protect people. In fact, the mayor says, they'll take legal action that the president does send in federal law enforcement. Every time we've seen the president do things that are illegal and unconstitutional. We've challenged him in court overwhelmingly beat him, and he's had to retreat. But on Monday, the president saying New York City's police are Restricted from doing anything and that federal help may be needed. One shot 10 10 wins here in Midtown rowing. Dan Hollander, the men's rights lawyer suspected of killing the son of federal judge Esther Solace and wounding her husband may also have been responsible for the murder of another men's rights attorney in California. Mark Angelucci was shot by somebody disguised as a FedEx delivery man, the same M O that was used in the killing of the judge's son, Daniel, and dairy and the wounding of her husband, Mark and dearie. Neighbor, Marion Costanza, says Daniel, who was 20 years old was a hero. I'm thinking making another kid would hide in the closet. I mean, you had gunshot. You get scared. You don't know what to do. This kid just ran to help his dad. I really can't believe that they were very close. Investigators say Roy Dan Hollander may have been hunting down enemies after being diagnosed with terminal cancer. He had once argued a case before Judge Solace he was found dead. From a self inflicted gunshot wound in his car in Liberty, New York yesterday. A deadly collision at a marina in the Bronx. Last night, two Jet skis collided, killing two men. The victims were rushed to Jacoby Medical Center but could not be saved. Officer is still working on identifying the men who were not carrying ID. New York City's and face for every opening, then supposed to be the final phase. But as you may have noticed, a lot of stuff still isn't open, notably bars and restaurants, at least for indoor purposes. The governor says the city is just not ready for that, even if many of the people who live in the city already As evidenced by crowds gathering outside restaurants and bars to the parties who come out. I understand the frustration. I understand you've been inside for a long time. I understand it's your young. I understand people like to socialize. I get that It's the summer I get that. Has to stop. He says. Cops need to enforce the law. The mayor and the governor are in a court of least on that one with the blonde CEO, saying troubling overcrowding at restaurants will not be tolerated. New Jersey governor, Murphy says parents will have the option to keep their kids out of school this fall. The Department of Education will be releasing guidance, allowing for parents to choose all remote learning. For their Children. The details will be coming out later this week, but we wanted everyone to know that we will allow for the step. Open a Murphy, adding It's just not possible for school to resume on a normal schedule this fall. Long Beach is now banning non residents not just from the beach on the weekends, but also banning everyone from the boardwalk residents to at night. This after lots of young people crowded onto the boardwalk last Saturday night. It was insanity there. There was no way they can put it under control Long Beach resident in favor of the nightly boardwalk shut down, which will begin nine PM Thursday. The move comes after Governor Cuomo said that revelers flouting his executive orders mandating social distancing. Are behaving in ways that could undo the state's progress against the pandemic. This gentleman, however, disagrees reaches for everybody, and they should all enjoy it. Long Beach Boardwalk will reopen at dawn. Sadie. Degrees mostly sunny. We're going up to 92 Yankee, whether real field 85 Alvez Geico, 15 minutes could save you 15% or more on car insurance. Is a wedding coming up in a few weeks and you are invited. We're going to hold it right here on sense and wins. As John Montalbano is here to explain this morning, John. Theirs is a love in the time of Cove it Ashley Isaacs is a nurse at New York Presbyterian Israel Wretches played in a band. She liked them, but he was not the type of guy to commit. Until I met the girl. I met the girl and I felt I felt differently about it. Every time I spoke to her, I had butterflies. Every time he saw her. I had butterflies, Then two punches to the gut. He was diagnosed with stage four Hodgkin's lymphoma. And she was caring for Corona virus patients. I'm putting myself in danger. I'm goingto possibly put my fiance in danger and you kind of have this fight with yourself and it's hard. It's definitely hard at the end of the day. Takes a toll on you. Israel is in remission. But as to their big wedding plans crazy to say the
"fdr" Discussed on Words Matter
"I'm Adam Levine welcome towards matter. This week we begin a new series. Presidential words matter. Since we currently have a president who doesn't seem to know or even understand the importance of words especially when they're spoken by the president of the United States. We thought it might be helpful in a time of national crisis to remember that we have had presidents of both parties. Who did understand this? These presidents have led our country through difficult times with power and eloquence of their words. So this week we wanted to highlight President Franklin D Roosevelt, who in nineteen, thirty six during the Great Depression and as the clouds of war gathered over, Europe delivered one of the most important political speeches ever given by a sitting president. The. Occasion was the Democratic National Convention held that year in Philadelphia. For years earlier in nineteen, thirty to FDR had made history by flying to Chicago and becoming the first presidential candidate to accept his party's nomination in person. In an earlier episode of words matter, we discussed this important speech with professor. Harvey Kaye who has just published a new book entitled FDR on Democracy. In his nineteen thirty six acceptance speech Roosevelt used the language of the founders and decried economic royalists who were trying to fight back against the progress of the new deal because it threatened their power. As you listen to his words. Pay Particular attention to the part where Roosevelt tells his audience, they have a rendezvous with destiny. With that? Here's President Franklin D Roosevelt, delivering his acceptance speech in one, thousand, nine, hundred, thirty six democratic convention..
Newt Gingrich and the Start of an Era
"This feels like an episode out of like not just a recent. It's not the recent past. Past the distant past I mean newt is still with us, but this is a very different time for newt, and I think that for many people he started to really appear on People's radars outside of Georgia in the early ninety s with a contract for America, but your book predates that so the book starts in the Nineteen Eighties when you Gingrich. Is this young? Young Congressman who comes from Georgia. He's elected in Nineteen, seventy eight, and any comes to Washington ready to just tear everything down to shake things up to do whatever necessary to help. Republicans become a majority in the House of Representatives which they had not been since nineteen fifty four, and he's intent on a not listening to senior members of the Party and to really. Really taking on the Democrats in ways that they had not been comfortable with, and so he makes a name for himself very quickly, even though he's not part of the leadership in the early eighties. Okay, so you're a history. Professor Newt Gingrich Thought of himself as a history professor and was a history professor, but what exactly did he teach? How did his academic career? Career fit in with his political career well, he received his PhD until Lane. After attending undergraduate school in Emory and Gingrich wrote his dissertation on Belgian colonialism, and he wrote about how and why colonial government had failed to modernize local education and nurture an elite that was capable of sustaining economic growth, and what was remarkable about the dissertation in retrospect, which is what he spent. Spent his academic time on was that he was critical of the design of Belgian policies, rather than on the merits of colonialism, which were much less interest to him, but but that wasn't really his his main focus. I mean as soon as he gets to West Georgia College. That's his first job as a professor. He's deeply uninterested in the academic life I think in. In his first year as a professor, he applies to be the president of the university. He then wants to be share the department and he's impatient with the slowness of academia He quickly gains a thirst for the life of politics, and that's really what engages him, and in one, thousand, nine, hundred, seventy four. He decides to run against the incumbent in his district. District John Flint who's an old southern Democrat. What are nudes politics like growing up? Because he conservative early on, and did his conservative ideology remained consistent throughout his life. Yeah, he comes from a working class family. The family's originally from Harrisburg. His father left his mother while she was pregnant with him, so he didn't have much of a relationship with him. He is raised. primarily by his stepfather, who's in the military, so Gingrich spends a lot of his youth travelling around. He's what we call an Army Brat, and lives in different places in Europe before the family finally settles in Georgia, which is the final stop? He's a Rockefeller Republican during the nineteen sixties. He he is conservative, but he is interested in Republicans like Nelson Rockefeller and then Richard Nixon who had ambitions of building a big Republican coalition as FDR had done for Democrats in the Nineteen Thirties. He doesn't really make a hard right. Right, turn until about nineteen seventy five I'm what prompts that well. He ran for the first time unsuccessfully in nineteen, seventy, four against flint. Then he's getting ready to run against Flint again in nineteen seventy six, and he meets some people associated with the conservative movement like Paul Way Rick. Who's running these camps for up and coming Republicans and he like many young Republicans starts to become enamored with what's this conservative movement that's bubbling up in America and talking about the need to dismantle government to be much more aggressive on national. National Security and this is when he starts to shift to what will eventually be the Reagan Revolution? Would you say that his guiding principles were firmly aligned with Reagan conservatism, or were there differences there? There were differences. Gingrich for example is much more concerned about environmental issues even in the early nineteen eighties than a lot of Reagan Nights, are he? He actually takes those kinds of policies much more seriously, but generally he lines up by the time he's in the house. He believes in tax cuts. He believes in deregulation. Deregulation, he believes importantly in a very muscular approach to fighting the Soviet Union and to fighting allies in places like Central America so though there are differences between him, and and some of the hard core inner circle of the Reagan administration. Generally they line up pretty well
"fdr" Discussed on On Point with Tom Ashbrook | Podcasts
"An effort to reverse a trend that has been taking place in this country since the nineteen seventies, which is to to discredit. the authority of government, and to argue that the private market can solve most problems. I think we need to rebuild confidence in government because I think of. A crisis at the scale of what we're dealing with today both medical and economic. Requires the national government and then other problems we say climate change require national action, if not international action, so my choice would be that we both for the big one and really try to get people to recognize that the private market does not solve all problems. CAN WE EXPERIMENT DO? We have the kind of government today that can experiment the way that they did in the in the earliest years of the new deal, well one thing that would have to happen if we got a president who was of the mindset to experiment. He looks like it's going to be a he. Would have to have a congress that supported him. Roosevelt had that until the late nineteen thirties where he met more obstacles when Republicans did better in thirty eight after that Roosevelt recession. So you know you go. President own can't do everything they. That president needs a support of Congress and most got what he wanted, and so it really does take the Congress and the executive branch working together to to to really re instill confidence, and of course you have to remind ourselves that ultimately it was the Second World War fully pulled the United States out of that deep recession of the Great. Depression Jack. We've got about a minute left and last night goes to you today. Well, enough Dr Goal I think that is still in newly and even. Profoundly relevant. Is What he said to a Francis Perkins his Secretary of Labor. He said we are going to make a country in which no one is left out. Well that is that's noble sentiment and I think it's something that everybody feels needs to happen. Speak to what Trish Cole was saying. How many people have felt left out? Many trump trump voters felt left out of national feasts the urban feast. How many minorities are left out? That's a big job and it's A. It's a worthy goal for any president and. That and security security is after said against the hazards and vicissitudes of life boy. We know about those today. We'll Jack Beatty on point news analyst, speaking with us as always from Hanover New Hampshire Jack Thank you so very much. Thank you and Elizabeth Cohen? Professor of American Studies at Harvard University her article. In recent issue of the Atlantic headlined the lessons of the Great Depression. We have a link to that at on point. Radio Dot Org Professor Cohen is also an award winning author of several books, most recently saving America's cities. Professor Cohen has been a great pleasure to speak with you and to learn from you. Thank you so very much. Thank you enjoyed it. I- Meghna Chakrabarti. This is on point..
How did America get to its current state?
"The scenes across the US in the past week or so, they have been profoundly disturbing heavenly. The protests are in response to the horrifying image of George. Floyd an African American man and Minneapolis. Police officer who killed him by kneeling on his nick for close to nine minutes to spot. He's pleased that he could not brave. Those demonstrations as we all know turned into, want him violence and destruction, not only in the twin cities, but all across American CDs. Today's are quiet and peaceful, but it's really the evenings in the night, so usually bring that fury. Those frustrations attend to boil over in the results or these fiery clashes that we've seen across the country, and of course here in New York. We've already seen dozens of people injured. Hundreds of people arrested in tonight. The expectation is that we could see more of these demonstrations. How did America get to this point? And who precisely are Antioch, the militant left wing political protest movement that part of these rights. Face because Nazis, thank. and. That is a very bad thing because harass people Lemay Organiz they kill. People hurt people. They fight people. And we're the ones who fighting back there. The second coming of Hitler for several decades America has I deeply divided nation. Just go back to the mid to late nineteen sixties when America experienced those long hot summers, protests and riots, Vietnam Rice and Martin. Luther King's assassination. The American people are deeply disturbed. They're baffled and dismayed by the wholesale looting and violence. That has occurred both in small towns and then great metropolitan centres. No society can tolerate massive violence. Anymore than a body can tolerate massive disease to me that black people are in the streets. Has Do the lives air force lead in this country? And unfortunately lead these lives by the indifference and the apathy. And a certain kind of ignorance, willful ignorance on the part of their citizens. According to British historian Max Hastings Pass guest on this show in those days quote. It seemed that rice the election and the Vietnam. War would tearing asunder the greatest country on earth. And to think is deep divisions in America have clearly grown since the sixties especially in the trump era, just think of that toxic polarization, hyper partisanship in Washington and elsewhere not to mention the crisis engulfing American cities. So. How did America get to this point? Robert DALIC is arguably America's most distinguished living presidential historian. He's author of fourteen books including on Presidents FDR JFK, LBJ, Richard, Nixon, and Ronald Reagan. The latest book is called. How did we get? He from Theodore Roosevelt? To Donald Trump it's published by harpercollins. Robert Delic joins me from Washington DC hi Bob. Hi Tom Lovely to hear from you. Great to have you on the show now they adopt is in Washington and across other use CDs, but America as I mentioned, before has experienced similar protests in violence. What do you think distinguishes this crosses? The widespread unrest in nineteen sixty I'd. Well, Tom. One of the things that distinguish did was the fact that Lyndon Johnson of course was. President then, and was presiding over the Vietnam War, which was at the center of what? Disturbed so many people in the United States and triggered so many of these. Demonstrations but Johnson had the good sense. To? Give up running for president. He was very skillful politician. Now we have a president who will not give up who would not resign and the only way we're going to get him out of office is by feeding him in the election. Night comes up and five months from now it's very disquieting situation and the demonstrations across this country. I believe on not. Simply a response to the tragic killing of that black man in Minneapolis, but it's also a protest against Donald Trump's presidency. You Know Tom. He's never reached fifty percent approval. And the going on for years he's been office. And this is unprecedented. No President in terms since we've had polling in the Mid Nineteen Thirties. Has Gone through a whole first term without ever reaching fifty percent approval.
NYPD chief takes a knee with protesters in an act of solidarity
"Chain of protesters spilled across the lanes of the FDR their backs against the New York City skyline and a wall of NYPD officers organizer jasmine Sanchez kept the crowd tight and moving very simple that's how we get our message tensions remain low there was no pepper spray at no violent clashes no fire set as police allowed protesters to chart their course Laurie side sitting down house in St one hundred's Tiffany and held up their fists one of the NYPD's top brass stopped by a protest gathering in Washington Square park last night and took a knee with demonstrators Gothamist editor David Cruz was there he says before the chief of department Terence Monahan showed up at the scene with a squad of officers he spent several minutes speaking with a demonstrator both of them were sort of trying to show some local solidarity in time there were some people who were throwing water bottles over their direction as a means of just trying to kind of like spark something and then all of a sudden it just turned peaceful manner to Blasio says they're pushing up the curfew tonight to eight
"fdr" Discussed on On Point with Tom Ashbrook | Podcasts
"Well I guess I would have to go for an effort to reverse a trend that has been taking place in this country since the nineteen seventies which is to To discredit the authority of government and to argue that the private market can solve most problems. I think we need to rebuild confidence in government because I think of a crisis at the scale of what we're dealing with today both medical and economic with wires the national government and then other problems we face like climate change require national action if not international action so my choice would be that we go for the big one and really try to get people to recognize that the private market does not solve all problems. Can we experiment? Do we have the kind of government? Today that can experiment. The way that they did in the in the earliest years of the new deal will one thing that would have to happen. If we got a president who was of the mindset to experiment he. It looks like it's going to be A. He would have to have a congress that supported him. Roosevelt had that until the late nineteen thirties where he met more obstacles when. Republicans did better and thirty eight after that Roosevelt recession. So go president alone. Can't do everything they that president a supportive. Congress and Roosevelt got what he wanted. And so it really does take the Congress and the executive branch working together to To really re-instill that confidence and of course have to remind ourselves that it was the Second World War that fully pulled the United States out of that deep recession of the Great Depression. Jack we've got about a minute left last night goes to you today. Well an FDR goal. I think that is still a newly and even profoundly. Relevant is what he said to a Francis Perkins is Secretary Labor. He said we are going to make a country in which no one is left out. Well THAT IS A. That's a noble sentiment and I think it's something that That everybody feels needs to happen to speak to what coal were saying. How many people have felt left out? Many trump trump voters felt left out of the national feast the Urban Feast. How many minorities a left out? That's a big job and it's a it's a worthy goal for any president and that insecurity security is after I said against the hazards and vicissitudes of life. Boy We know about those. Today we'll Jack Beatty on point news analyst speaking with us as always from Hanover. New Hampshire. Jack thank you so very much. Thank you and Elizabeth Cohen Professor of American Studies at Harvard University. Her article in recent issue of the Atlantic is headlined the lessons of the Great Depression. We have a link to that on point radio DOT. Org Professor Cohen is also an award author of several books. Most recently saving America's cities Professor Cohen has been a great pleasure. To speak with you would to learn from you. Thank you so very much. Thank you enjoyed it. I'm Chuck Roberta. This is on point.
"fdr" Discussed on On Point with Tom Ashbrook | Podcasts
"Most recently saving America's cities she wrote about the lessons of the Great Depression in recent issue of the Atlantic and Professor Cohen. Before the Break Jack was asking or wondering to what extent were delayed. Was HE WILLING TO SACRIFICE RECOVERY FOR REFORM? And your response to that. It's a really interesting point that Jack Raises but I don't think that Roosevelt sought that way. I think he felt that most of the things they were doing were recovery. Were really not At odds with reform that they really went together so that he began to see the the Politi as made up of I think countervailing forces that would balance each other and should balance each other and there would be three of them with government. The state the federal government particular Labor which was which was empowered with the Wagner. Act to organize itself in unions. That could bargain collectively and business and I think many of the programs that they orchestrated. We're aimed at increasing demand You know they got people working. They'd have money to spend even social security a long term view that if the retired population of this country elderly had resources. They WOULD BE SPENDING MONEY. If we had minimum wages that would increase workers earnings and they would have more money to spend and soak many of the reforms wall with them You know economic benefits. So I don't think they saw it as an either war. Well Professor Cohen and Jack I WANNA spend a considerable amount of time talking about the broader social and cultural Stu that was in that was America in in the Nineteen Thirties. The I inside which Roosevelt and his administration were trying to craft the new deal through experimentation. That we're talking about because I think that broader social and cultural environment is really important to this story and to do that. I JUST WANNA play a couple of clips here From other very powerful influential figures at the time I is Father Charles Coughlin. He was extremely popular. Roman Catholic radio host in the Nineteen Thirties. His program the Golden Hour of the little flower regularly drew an astonishing audience of thirty million people who tuned in to listen to Coughlin's Anti Roosevelt anticommunist and anti Semitic diatribes. Here's a taste tally..
"fdr" Discussed on Words Matter
"I'm Adam Levine. Welcome towards matter. This week we begin a new series presidential words matter since we currently have a president. Who doesn't seem to know or even understand the importance of words especially when they're spoken by the president of the United States. We thought it might be helpful in time of national crisis. Remember that we have had presidents of both parties. Who did understand this? These presidents have led our country through difficult times with a power eloquence of their words. So this week. We wanted to highlight president. Franklin D Roosevelt who in nineteen thirty six during the Great Depression and as the clouds of war gathered over Europe delivered one of the most important political speeches ever given by a sitting president decay. Was the democratic. National Convention held that year in Philadelphia four years earlier in one thousand nine hundred eighty two. Fdr had made history by flying to Chicago and becoming the first presidential candidate to accept his party's nomination in person in an earlier episode of words matter we discussed this important speech with Professor Harvey Kaye. Who has just published a do book entitled FDR on Democracy In his nineteen thirty six acceptance speech Roosevelt used the language of the founders and decried the economic royalists who were trying to fight back against the progress of the new deal because it threatened their power as you listen to his words pay particular attention to the part where Roosevelt tells his audience. They have a rendezvous with destiny with that. Here's President Franklin. D Roosevelt delivering his acceptance speech to the nineteen thirty. Six Democratic convention.
Panic in the Streets
"We're discussing panic in the streets starring. Richard Would Mark Paul. Douglas Barbara Bel Getty's Jack Talents. Zero mastel directed by Eliah Kazan. This is the now playing. Co-host who's fond of Shishkabob Arnie Stewart? And this the CO host. Who Likes High Foreheads Jacob? Well we hope everybody at home is healthy and safe and likely quarantined. No matter where you're listening to us from the world. Yeah at the moment of recording. We are all separated apart. Watching the news is one of the shows that we've taped since this pandemic has hit America. We are hearing reports. There are over sixty thousand cases in America by the time this airs. Who knows but we are thinking about this pandemic and checking in with you. You guys told us you were interested in watching movies about viruses. I don't know about that you know I can understand why some people might be like. I want to turn that off. I don't WanNa think about that. It's scary to contemplate when you turn on the news these days. Yeah but people are I think indulging in it in some ways entertainment as of this recording contagion is the number four movie on Itunes and it has been for weeks and outbreak is in the top twenty five and let's face it. We had to kind of fill out our schedule. The new mutants is punted for the sixth time or something but James Bond got moved black widow. The new saw film fast and furious nine and just a couple days ago when we're recording. This wonder woman. Eighty four half of our schedule for the spring has no release date anymore. Yeah I thought it was going to be a super busy month person July and lots of new releases and now we don't know yes and we didn't really necessarily know how to approach virus movies. Either there are a lot of them and we've covered some of them and you can go find those in the archives. Twenty eight days later and I am legend. All the stand. I did a list. I wanted to see how many we've really done if people wanted to do. A full now. Playing virus retrospective. There's the I am legend trilogy. Starting with the last man on earth in nineteen sixty four. Yeah then Omega Man in seventy one. There's the stand from ninety. Four twelve monkeys. That counts right. Nine Hundred Ninety five definitely twenty eight days later two thousand and two resident evil also two thousand two twenty eight weeks later as well. Yep Yep rise of the planet of the apes and then its two sequels but rise. Came Out in twenty eleven. Dare I add it in the name of the King Two worlds. It might make you sick watching it. And there was someone plotting to release a virus. Yes and they did. That's the thing it's not if they were blinded they released it in the Kingdom of EB World War Z. And Day of the dead bloodline. Yeah I think what's different here because we do want to be sensitive. We're not doing the sensational Zombie outbreak. Type films I mean. We talked about all kinds of viral outbreaks. And we really wanted something that that would speak to. What's going on right now. Though yeah I agree I mean I want a very clear eyed view if you WANNA laugh and enjoy camping ones no judgment but it might seem inappropriate to make light of something that seemed so severe the way I thought about it is. It's more interesting even though we're told. Time and again. These are unprecedented times. Mankind has always dealt with viruses. It has always been a part of our story and it was interesting to think that we could go back through the decades and look at the ways that it was presented on film and how the general public thought about contagion and viral outbreaks. And it makes sense that we would start with panic in the streets in one thousand nine hundred fifty film when we were discussing the Tom Cruise film losing it Stewart. You pointed out that in the eighties. A lot of movies were being set in the fifties because baby boomers who were in their formative years in the fifties grew up and now they were writing films in the eighties so setting them thirty years earlier while thirty years or specifically thirty two years before nineteen fifty. The Spanish flu was out there so a lot of people. My Ninety nine year old grandmother is regaling me endlessly with this coronas. Nothing you should have been there for the Spanish flu. Nine hundred eighteen. Not many of us can say that we were there for that but it does sound awful. It killed a whole lot of people. And Yeah that comes up a lot. But even in the nineteen fifties which is the start. I think of the movie. Sub-genre virus movies kickoff with panic in the streets. Nine hundred fifty s were a scary time. That looked a lot like. Are you know right. Now we're thinking very much about protecting our seniors because they're what's at risk for covert nineteen but back in the nineteen fifties. Hide your kids to let them go to the pool. Don't let him play with other kids because if you do they're gonNA get infantile paralysis. Polio I mean the scare was real people close pools. They didn't let their kids out. He was considered a summer plague. School's out and then all of a sudden just populations of people all throughout the United States would suddenly be hit hard and kids would suddenly lose motor function and only able to breathe when they were put into an iron lung interesting statistic by the way it sounds a lot like corona only two percent of the population actually develop the disease and most of those cases were mild. Most of the people were not left with long term disabilities but it did impact a whole generation. I know my mom believes. She was diagnosed with polio. My Dad's second wife had it. You know the thirty second president. Fdr The reason why he was in a wheelchair he got it when he was thirty. Nine years old. You didn't even have to be a kit. People were living like we were back in. One thousand nine hundred eighty. When this movie came out there was a real field. If you send your kid to the movie theater. He touched another kid. This could happen wasn't until one thousand nine hundred eighty five. When Jonas Salk released his cure which was very controversial he was doing things that scientists disapproved of in order to get that vaccine and it worked one monkey equaled six thousand doses of immunization. And before you know it all the kids got to lead the iron lung and come home and famously. He didn't even keep the patent. It's something that warms my heart. When I think about it he thought it was unethical for anyone to profit from this cure and so he gave it away for free so there was panic in the streets in nineteen fifty and I think the other thing that might have inspired. The onset of movies talking about viruses was the smallpox outbreak of nineteen forty. Seven guy got on a bus in Mexico. City drove all the way to New York City. Didn't feel so well with feverish. The whole time went to Bellevue hospital a week later he died. That was when the doctors realized. Oh my God is smallpox. They had had a vaccine for smallpox for over century but because smallpox was so rare like nobody was immune from it so suddenly everyone. That man had come in contact when the bus was infected and it was being you know across the country so everyone literally was being impacted. Kind of like we are now. Everyone potentially could have smallpox what the government did was they started a big PR blitz. They put out commercials on the radio. Tv magazines go to our free health clinics. They opened them up all over the country. Get your vaccines and so everyone could sing the songs everyone knew about shots and the necessity of getting immune to smallpox. Hollywood jumps on trends. If something is big in the news. They're going to come up with a movie about it and I think that's the movie we're here to talk about today. I'd never heard of panic in the streets until we decided we were going to cherry pick. What is what the best the most iconic virus movie from each decade the fifties through the teens. And you said this is the top one on the list I I. I never heard of this. Yeah nor have I. This is totally new to me. I knew by reputation but I've never seen it either. I do think most people know Elia Kazan. He was a director more famous. Maybe for Broadway the stage but he helped pioneer the method acting. So if you know Brando if you know James Dean if you know all of those leading light actors for the nineteen fifties Elliott. Kazan probably worked with them and got them to be the actors that they were. Yeah I did look up this director and and unfortunately Brando. Unless he's in Superman or the godfather I I got a blind spot for his films as well as James Dean so I recognize. Yeah Kazan oh he's he's actually done some big movies but this one isn't one of his that I've heard of
"Dissolve one packet of Lemon Jello in one can or one cubes worth of Beef Bouillon. Add lemon juice and allowed to cool. Add three hard boiled eggs diced. One Cup diced celery. Half an onion grated one cup miracle whip and one can of corn beef chopped chill until set slice and serve congratulations. You've just made corned beef luncheon salad. My Name's Moxy and this is your brain on facts. Use It up where it out make it do were do without my grandmother would say. I thought that was clever saying from her side of the family but it was actually a slogan from World War Two encouraging the public to use fewer resources so more could be diverted to the war effort. We're all getting a taste of that as we're hunker down unable to shop at the spur of the moment and much more limited in our choices when we do thankfully we do have precedent to fall back on after all people are still alive today it through the Great Depression children. The roaring twenties came to an abrupt stop with the Stock Market Crash of Nineteen Twenty nine which saw billions of dollars evaporated into thin air. The crash wasn't the sole cause of the Great Depression. There were things like the dust bowl wherein incorrect farming methods turned the fertile American planes into a desert but the crash did act to accelerate the global economic collapse by nineteen thirty three. Nearly half of America's banks failed and thirty percent of the workforce was unemployed. You had to make the most of what you had and you had to get good at that fast to women. Help struggling homemakers to be able to feed their families. Eleanor Roosevelt an aunt. Sammy beginning in nineteen twenty. Six and Sammy had a popular weekday. Radio show called housekeepers chat about cooking and other domestic concerns as well as chitchatting about whatever else was going on at the time and Sammy was very popular especially in rural areas. Thousands of people wrote into her for recipes by nineteen thirty to one hundred and ninety four stations broadcast aunt. Sammy show and she published aunt. Sammy's radio recipes. Parenthetically the Great Depression Cookbook. It would be the first cookbook published in Braille. Interestingly enough though I struggle to think of how difficult it would be to cook on wood or old timey gas stove without good eyesight on Sammy's recipes. Were meant to be simple healthy and easy to cook. She's even credited with helping Broccoli. Find widespread acceptance prior to which it was only found in insular Italian neighborhoods and Sammie helped many wives and mothers through the Great Depression but once that was over then country was back on its feet. People lost interest. The show was cancelled sometime in the nineteen forties. Though sources don't agree when exactly. There's one other fact about aunt Sammy. That's worth mentioning. She didn't exist in the latter half of the twentieth. The Department of Agriculture Bureau of Home Economics created a wife for uncle. Sam The on creatively named Aunt Sammy. The character was voiced by different women at each individual radio station that way the listener would hear an accent similar to their own and feel more connected to aunt Sammy. Three women worked behind the scenes at the USDA to prepare the script each week that all the regional aunt. Sammy's would use fanny Walker. Contested Recipes Josephine. Harmful wrote the chatty portions of the show and Ruth Fan demine coordinated all of the Menus and recipes. The other woman who guided homemakers through was the very real first lady. Eleanor Roosevelt. When Franklin Roosevelt entered the White House in Nineteen thirty three? A record number of people were hungry but being president is not without its perks and the first family eight well even extravagantly while people stood inbred lines. Eleanor Roosevelt. Who didn't know how to cook realized that the way she and the president ate in the White House had the potential to influence and even help the nation through the depression. She hired an acquaintance. Henrietta Nesbitt whose husband was out of work to be the new White House housekeeper housekeeper at that time more like how we use the term homemaker today and not as we use a euphemism for cleaning lady. Nesbitt and Roosevelt retooled the entire kitchen installing modern appliances and coaxing the skeptical White House staff to use them. This was the first kitchen in America and it wasn't even sanitary recalled. Nesbitt in her memoir. Meanwhile Eleanor turn to home economists for menus that would balance nutrition and economy the healthiest recipes in the world wouldn't help people if they couldn't afford the ingredients what's more she resolved to serve these humble dishes in the White House. Her efforts were covered by national newspapers and followed closely by housewives. There was a catch. These nutritious economic meals were awful. The first kitchen was turning out some of the most unpalatable meals in modern memory. The president himself was usually the test subject for these new dishes and he obligingly choked them down. Things like deviled eggs with tomato sauce and prune pudding in place of lavish dishes. The White House table was the stage for things like Spaghetti with boiled carrots. Cold jellied billion and bread and butter sandwiches served so much mutton that being grown sheep which is cheaper than lamb. Because it's much tougher that it became a joke throughout Washington. The first lady experimented with foods like milk corno a mix of dried milk powder and cornmeal developed by Cornell University milk. Porno could be eaten as a gruel like dish or worked into recipes. I was not brave enough to research. What those recipes might be. The bland meals became so notorious that visitors to the White House would eat before they went nutrition. Not Taste was paramount in the time of soup. Kitchens and bread lines and eleanor. Roosevelt was trying to use her table as a way of encouraging and inspiring other Americans to get through this uniquely challenging historical moment. It was just as well they got used to eating a limited range of food because FDR's presidency also included World War Two and the Roosevelt's eight rationed food just like everyone else Roosevelt's White House eight modestly in an act of culinary solidarity with the people who were suffering. Jane's Eagle men. The CO author of a square meal told The New York Times. Here's a sampling of menu items. The first family and the public general might have enjoyed in massive bunny ears spaghetti with carrots and white sauce. The sauce was basically just milk. Meatless loaf made with peace oatmeal peanuts. Rice and or cottage cheese. Whatever you could get your hands on Mulligan's stew any animal. You could kill or find dead with whatever veggies you could manage or anything. That would keep hungry. They for a few hours without killing you like sawdust. It was reportedly created by the massive homeless population during the depression. Where people in homeless or migrant worker camps would pool their resources so that everyone could eat none of my sources mentioned where the name Mulligan might have come from. We do know the name origin of another STU. Hoover Stu Herbert Hoover had been elected just in time for the crash. But Unlike the Roosevelt's he continued to live the good life in the White House. Shantytowns BECAME HOOVER. Villes and the soup from soup. Kitchens became hoover stu the weirdest one of all and this report is opinion was peanut butter in baked. Onions was a whole onion hollowed out stuffed with peanut butter and baked. Just because we have two things on hand doesn't mean we should eat them at the same time as Eagle men succinctly put it. Peanut butter has nothing to say to a baked onion. Some recipes sound like they shouldn't work but surprisingly do like mock Apple Pie. Apples weren't readily available. But Americans weren't willing to give up their conic Apple Pie. The apples in mock apple pie were actually Ritz crackers and it worked. If you're not already familiar with Youtuber Emmy made in Japan. I'll link her hard time series in the show notes and on the website. She all kinds of dishes from times of deprivation including hot water pie grapefruit. Peel steak toast soup. And even the Haitian dirt cookies which you can hear more about in episode number ninety four. My name is mud while we can be grateful that recipes like ketchup soup and peanut butter and mayonnaise. Sandwiches are behind us. Some food created during the depression is still with us. Meatloaf is a comfort food classic and shaping food into loaves go to during the Great Depression. The same goes for casseroles which were a good way to use up odds and ends or to mask less palatable ingredients the depression also gave us the mother of all comfort. Food Kraft Macaroni and cheese or kraft dinner for my friends up. North in Nineteen thirty seven craft heard about a salesman from the tender Roni. Macaroni Company of Saint Louis. A Scottish emigrant aimed grant Leslie going rogue and selling his noodles with packets of greeted kraft cheese attached. They hired him to promote the concept and started selling it for nineteen cents for four servings.
Trump’s presentation of changes in black voting is largely ridiculous — but not entirely
"Instance how did African Americans com so it becomes so closely identified with the Democratic Party pointed back to Lyndon Johnson fifty six years ago what's the what's the origin of what I'll call the synergy between black folks in Democrats I now right you know it's been a process I mean black people have not always voted Democrat there was a time when we voted and our own best interests and coming out of the civil war Democrats I mean blacks are recognizing that it was the Abraham Lincoln a message that they we're the party of the abolitionist they were Republican SO we align very closely to the Republican Party and then as we began to move into the Great Depression you began to see now you have Franklin D. Roosevelt black people at that particular time they would have been but need that the bottom rung of the economic ladder in here you have a Democrat president FDR's same will listen let's start social programs I ask you about some food and things like that welfare job programs SO black people began to pay attention to the Democrat party not in mass yet but they started looking at it and then you have the civil rights movement with Lyndon B. Johnson in nineteen sixty four Civil Rights bill that passed and although it was a Republican Party that made sure the bill could pass into law because Democrats wanted nothing to do with it it was of a democratic president that was that was leading the charge of the party the parties were not nearly as polarized at the time right southern I think southern southern racist Democrats were were very much oppose they were northern Democrats who were with Johnson and northern Republicans in western Republic yeah if you are a black person coming from the Emancipation Proclamation in eighteen sixty three down to nineteen sixty four of the of the civil rights bill that's a hundred a hundred plus years of Democrats being very enthusiastic in their desire to impede the the movement of black people so whether so whether it was some that was nice and some that maybe wasn't so much it didn't matter the fact is a hundred years between emancipation and the civil rights movement it with the Democrat party that was with great gusto impeding the life of black people so we asked our listeners who are conservatives of color to share why they joined the GOP here's what one person had to say hi there my name is Brian I'm not a black conservative but I am a conservative of color I used to be a Democrat it was a liberal but college I had sort of change of heart and what sort of sports my change with the Facebook group that said minorities that though the public could make me cry and it made me think no wonder the person feel that way and it made me also think you know why do I vote Democrat and so it kind of got me questioning my values and yeah and then you start thinking maybe I should start shopping around for parties and the lead now today fundamental conservative and had to be there and that is encouraged people other people of color to think yourselves if democratic card doesn't own your vote Kathy any part of Brian's story sound familiar to you I love it I love all of it and that's exactly what happened to me I've been I've been voting Republican primarily for over twenty years so this is a brand new I know we have a lot of black folks who are coming out now where at all their Medicare and I'm so excited to welcome them to the other side of the aisle we'll talk in a second about whether it's actually a lot when we look across the country but I had I'm excited about it I'm excited about it nonetheless but what but what the caller said exactly where I found myself when I was in college in my junior year I had the Pitney I wanted to get involved in politics so where did I go Hey I'm black I'm a Democrat so I went to the to the to the first Democrat office I saw sat down the white Democrats man who was running started talking to me and and the piston me a bubble popped up in my mind what what exactly does he believe what he believed doesn't align with what you believe and for the very first time I started thinking through what what do I believe and does his policies align with my policies and that was the seed that was planted that many years later has turned into me being very adamant about rescuing black people off the Democrat plantation and helping them to see what is in their own best interests but I get why black people vote Democrat I mean I was born into the Democrat party just like I was born into brown skin there was no point of separation I never remember a conversation it's just what you do here black we built this way and to step out of that essay why I'm no longer going to vote Democrat many black people like in it to me rejecting the color of my skin so it's very difficult for black people to have that appear Finney and then to have the boldness to say excuse me I'm going to think for myself that is a big deal for people to react and say it's like you rejecting the color of your skin have you ever heard that pushback from all my goodness I had that a lot I have been called every name under the bus Hey do you get all kinds you know I mean it's rhetoric right but everything in an instant and its rejection I lost all of my black friends except for two during the two thousand sixteen election when I came out saying I'm voting for president trump I mean it is literally a ten to rejecting your race and so it's very difficult we're live at the conservative political action conference on Todd's
"fdr" Discussed on Dog Tales
"In September nineteen forty four just two months before the presidential election. A rumor began to spread that President Roosevelt had accidentally left fallow in Alaska and forced the ship to turn around. Get Him at the cost of twenty million dollars of taxpayers money. No one was sure where the rumors started. But it blew up and representative Harold. KNUTSON OF MINNESOTA SOTA shouted it from the floor of Congress. He hoped the room or wood frame. The president as out of touch and out of control with his spending despite despite its silliness the rumor grabbed national attention suddenly. FDR was in danger of losing his lead in the election. The scandal around around Fowler allowed his Republican opponent Thomas Dewey to gain momentum suddenly. FDR was in danger losing his lead in the election. The outrage around Falah allowed his Republican opponent Thomas Dewey to gain momentum President Roosevelt new. He had to do something and fast. Despite his poor health he had to get this silly rumor under control before it cost him the election. Uh and of course he had to clear follows good name. He put his plan in motion on September. Twenty third nineteen forty four during campaign dinner with the International Brotherhood of teamsters union off to pumping up the crowd with news of legislation. That would help. The teamsters and their families. FDR FDR confronted the foul rumor head on. He ended the speech with the famous line. Well of course I don't resent attacks and my family doesn't resent anti-tax but Fowler does resent them. The falla speech rallied. A nation and the rumor had completely backfired a few weeks later Franklin Delano Roosevelt road. The nation's love of Fowler to to a historic fourth term in office in January nineteen forty five President Roosevelt was inaugurated once again France and Belgium had been liberated from Germany and the end of the war in Europe was imminent in February. The leaders of the allied nations all met at the Yalta Conference to discuss the fate of postwar Europe once again fowler had a front front row seat to history smiling world leaders as World War Two finally ended but after he returned from Yalta President Roosevelt again fell ill in March nineteen forty five. He left Washington. DC for a long stay at warm springs brings Georgia hoping that stay at the resort would lift his spirits on April twelfth. Nineteen forty-five FDR's cousin Margaret and Fowler kept FDR company while he had his portrait painted suddenly FDR complained of a terrific headache in the back of his neck and dropped his head a few hours later. President Roosevelt passed away in his bedroom. After his doctor declared Roosevelt Dead Falah who had been sleeping peacefully early in the corner sprang to his feet and began barking in all the commotion of the President. Dying no one had paid attention to the dog dog in ours Yiping away. Fowler ran headfirst into the screen door busting through it. He ran to the top of a nearby hill where he continued to wail and cry. It seems like he was grieving for his master in in his will President Roosevelt bequeath. Falah back to his cousin Margaret suk-lee she gladly took the pop however after just a a few months. Eleanor Roosevelt who never warmed up to fallow. While he was in the White House requested that Falun join her at her new home in Hyde Park. Margaret happily obliged eleanor and Fowler. Grew very close over the next several years. She often wrote about him in her regular newspaper. Column America was still in love with the pop on Nice days. Fallow ran around the property not chasing squirrels and birds but mostly eleanor said. He patiently waited around for the old man to return home on April Fifth Nineteen fifty two just a few days before his twelfth birthday fallow uh passed away. He was buried next to President Roosevelt when it came time to build a presidential memorial for FDR Dr it only seemed fitting to include Falah when it was complete. A bronze statue of the Little Scotty was placed right right next to FDR likeness to this day. It's the only presidential memorial featuring the first dog a man and his dog together forever. Thanks for listening to talk tales. Every dog has his day and our day is Mondays. We'll be back then with a new episode. You can find more episodes of dog tales and all other parkas originals for free on spotify. Not only just spotify already. Have all of your favorite music but now spotify just making it easy for you to enjoy all of your favorite podcasts originals. Like Dog Tales for free from your phone desktop smart speaker to string dog tails on spotify. If I just open the APP and type dog tales in the search bar. Several of you have asked how to help us if you enjoy the show. The best way to help is to leave a five lifestyle review and don't forget to follow us on facebook and Instagram at podcast and twitter at Parkas network. Join US next week for another a good story about a good dog.
"fdr" Discussed on Dog Tales
"One day while Margaret suk-lee was dog sitting sitting for the president. She took ballet for a long walk while he explored a patch of grass. A group of soldiers passed by upon seeing the Scotty. Not One of them lit up in a huge Grin Falla Falla. He called out before going on his way. Margaret couldn't help but smile. The soldier didn't know he was calling out to the actual Falah. The president was in another country and there was no security detail for Margaret Fowler had just becomes so popular that that soldier every Scotty was just like lassie. became shorthand for any rough collie eight and Rin Tin. Tin was called out to any passing. German shepherd. Fowler was now the nickname of any Scottish terrier the demand on Fowler was huge even Hollywood noticed. MGM created a short film about the Scotty called follow the president's dog they showed Fowler doing all of his best tricks and even had a quick little story of the pup looking for a canine companion. The movie was a hit America. America could not get enough of Fallah but as nineteen forty one came to a close president. Didn't Roosevelt could no longer shift the public focused to his dog on December seventh nineteen forty one the Japanese bombed and Paul Harbor with America officially at War President Roosevelt had a lot or traveling to do international leaders is he had to see smoky. Backroom deals to make and intercontinental strategies to develop but anyone who thought the president might change his governing style. Once he was at all was sorely mistaken Fallah was still present in cabinet meetings. Still running around the White House behind the president's wheelchair and whenever possible. The dog was right by the president's side on international trips fallow fallow accompanied. FDR Two meetings for the president of Mexico and had his photo taken with Winston Churchill and as usual fallow was always weights. Hamming it up looking to insert himself into a state photo or jump into a dignitaries lap throughout nineteen forty two and nineteen forty-three world. War Two took its toll on the nation and the world as is the United States fourteen Europe and the Pacific Roosevelt was constantly pulled in a dozen directions and Falla loyally followed followed in the fall of nineteen forty three British Prime Minister Winston Churchill Soviet Union Marshall Joseph Stalin and US president. Franklin Roosevelt met at the Tehran conference. This was no myth photo op. The three allied leaders were here to approve the invasion vision of Normandy. What we now know as d day fallow was there for the whole conference? There were of course times when Falah couldn't accompany the president during his travels on those rare occasions. President Roosevelt entrusted fallow with the one person he knew loved and cared for the dog as much as he did. His cousin Margaret Sickly. But even for someone he knew and trusted trusted as much as Margaret. FDR Left explicit instructions. Under no circumstances. Could she leave. The dog locked up in a pen. She had to take fallow Allah with her wherever she went even to her job as an archivist at Roosevelt Library through through the next year. The ravages of war took their toll on FDR by the spring of nineteen forty four. The president was noticeably weaker weeker. He was constantly tired and the never ending travel and heavy workload were wearing him down. His health troubles began with a bounce. Ounce of the flu which then spread to a case of bronchitis which never fully seemed to go away. Even worse he soon learned he was suffering from from heart disease and arteriosclerosis. Something had to be done. Dr Howard. Bruin who handled the day to day business of the president's residents health setup daily checkups but he noticed that FDR never had questions regarding his heart in fact he really had any questions at all instead. He liked to talk about fallow with. FDR moved focused on Fowler than his health. The president's doctors and the first lady began to whittle down his schedule. Eleanor took to handling the presidency social aspects. She would wined and dined nine. Those that didn't require the attention of the man trying to save the world but hiding his illness was becoming coming increasingly difficult on the world stage. He was bedridden for large parts of the day and even though he established a new routine he wasn't happy with it. FDR was notorious for keeping his thoughts and plans close to the vest and that included his own wellbeing but the deception option still weighed heavily on him more than ever FDR needed the feeling of normalcy in dealing with the physical ravages of illness and the psychological ones have leading country at war. The president needed a confidant. Someone who could find comfort and trust in but FDR didn't have many personal connections. What he had though was Falla in the face of his weakened state eight and international uncertainty fallow was always a constant companion and the president would need the pop now more than ever uh as hectic has his life was it was about to get even harder for FDR the fight for his fourth term in office? It was about to begin coming up sparks a national controversy and changes the course course of a historic presidential election now back to the story. During the summer of of nineteen forty four President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was fighting for his life but with the fates of the free world steak his illness. This was a closely guarded secret. As the president helped plan the Allied invasion of Normandy. His Dog Fallah remained by his side. He was the only companion. FDR could fully trust on Tuesday. June six nine thousand nine hundred forty four. The allied forces invaded the beaches of Normandy. The tide of World War to turned in the allies favor. The success of the invasion had president Roosevelt in good spirits but his health remained poor for someone in his condition. Doing one job would be difficult enough. But with his next presidential campaign ramping up he had had to the problems for the president weren't just overseas. Nineteen forty four was also an election year but FDR fifty on soldiered on. He was the commander in chief he had to. And even though the fighting was starting to calm down in Europe he had yet another other front to worry about the Pacific. It was late. July nineteen eighteen forty four the sailors aboard the USS Baltimore weren't sure why they were called into port in San Francisco all why they were having to do renovations against the destroyer in such quick order but when they were instructed to build a wooden ramp for boarding they suspected that they might have have a very special guest joining them soon. Their suspicions were confirmed when the world's most famous Scotty trotted up the ramp moments later. President Roosevelt himself arrived. The crew was thrilled to have the president and the pop on board as the Baltimore Approached Hawaii. President Roosevelt noticed that his cabin had been quiet. In fact he couldn't recall EXAC- the last time he saw Falah the pup had free run of the ship but he usually didn't stay away from his master so long along at once. FDR put out to search for follow with all hands on deck. It didn't take long to locate his beloved Scotty near the gear lockers. However he was noticeably different Fallah was missing some Heh Eh? Actually follow was missing a lot of hair. His thick black coat was sean thin and patchy after a bit of digging President Roosevelt discovered that a sailor had a little brother back home. Who is a huge Fan Fallah's so after spotting Falla in the Galley? The sailor lured the pup close team with a treat and harmlessly snipped off a lock of hair to mail back to his little brother. It turned out there were a lot of little brothers back home. who were big fans of Falla falla happily obliged each and every one of them as long as they gave him treats? The president couldn't help help but laugh. He knew the joy that followed brought to everyone but he did issue an order via the captain no feeding or trimming naming fowler. After a few days in Hawaii. The Baltimore set sail again. This time for for the Aleutian islands off the coast of Alaska the Aleutians had been the site of the only land battle on. US soil during World War Two when the American army army regained control of the islands from Japan in May nineteen forty three one year later the president was visiting to check in on the troops. After the brief stopover up over the Baltimore made its way to Seattle but that quick detour in the Aleutians led to one of the biggest controversies of FDR's career career.
"fdr" Discussed on Dog Tales
"On April seventh nineteen forty a litter of Scottish terriers was born on a new New York farm. Their owner Mrs Augustus G Kellogg gifted one of the puppies named big boy to her friend Margaret suk-lee with his stout body thick coats and long face. Big Boy was the perfect image of the Scottish terrier breed. Even if he didn't act like the typical Scotty the breed is known for their independent and confident attitudes but not necessarily for their ease with strangers but big speak boy was an exception he was an attention seeking good natured. Puppy Margaret's quickly took too big boy. She began training him him. He learns new tricks easily. The terrier was a social butterfly. A constant ham who loved the limelight. Not Unlike her beloved cousin President Franklin Delano Roosevelt during. FDR's Rehab following his one thousand nine hundred ninety one polio. Diagnosis Margaret was one of his most constant companions. That bond had only grown over the years and Margaret wanted to give if the president a gift to celebrate his victory in the nineteen forty election where he won his third term as president of the United States Margaret thoughts big boy was the perfect choice but FDR wife. Eleanor wasn't so sure or about the appropriateness of having a dog in the White House. More of the business part net than a romantic one ELLENA was worried about keeping up appearances and showing strength think especially as World War. Two raged and America was on the verge of entering the fray. She was afraid that the adorable Scotty might like give off the wrong image but the president insisted and eleanor relented. Big Boy became part of the first family. FDR loved everything about big boy except the name big boy was not. Don't a presidential Monica given his own. Scottish Heritage Roosevelt decided to name the dog after distant relative. Big Boys New name name would be married. The outlaw of follow hill which was quite a mouthful to say every time he needed cool for the dog so they shortened it to fallow the newly christened puppy and the newly re christened president quickly became Powell's every morning and the White House. FDR would ring his service bell three times for his breakfast. His order was consistent eggs and toast with ham or Bacon delivered to his room. But it wasn't only for him. It was breakfast for two whatever. FDR didn't eat Falah. Faleh would gladly finish follow. Didn't have to rely on scraps from FDR's plate though the kitchen stuff was so smitten with the terrier that they sent him a bone on a silver platter. Every morning and it wasn't just the kitchen stuff that fell for Fowler. All of the White House did. FDR's cousin Margaret Taught Fowler plenty of tricks and everyone loves to see the dog perform. There were the standard ones. Sit Rollover stand but there was one unusual trick that would delight. Everyone who met fallow Margaret taught Falah how to smile with his pearly whites flashing and pink tongue lolling Falah could melt anyone's heart and whether he was wondering the walls of the White House or Interrupting Meeting Meeting in the Oval Office Falah and his big smile loved being the center of attention a Time magazine. Zien photographer noted that whenever the president sat for a photograph Falah would Russian and join his master. Striking oppose by the president's side Fowler. Got More face time with the president than any of his friends advises all Cabinet members anytime there was an official meeting Fallah Saleh was there as well. FDR practiced what historian. Warren Kimball called creative procrastination. He was always trying to downplay dramatic events. If the problem was met with confrontational panic. It only made things worse instead of getting mad. The President Favored de escalation tactics to keep a room. COM Fallah's constant presence made that positive governing easy. He was a welcome distraction anytime. FDR needed to lighten the mood with Falla in his corner. The president no longer had to rely on his quick wit all Aquarius nurse to refocus a conversation. He had weaponized cuteness at his disposal. That's not to say that. FDR Only light having fowler around because he was a useful political tool the president took great joy in making others happy and loved how much -Joy Fowler brought people and with tragedy about to strike. The American people would need all the joy fowler could give coming up foul goes international as America Enters World War Two. I'm Doug Tales disappointed by better help online counseling whether it's a loose soft wiggly body a wagging ragging tail or rolling on its back belly. rubs dogs have an amazing ability to signal to us. When they're happy they don't fake it? People are another story story sometimes. We present a happiest self to others even though deep down when not okay. There's no shame in asking for help and better help. nope makes it easier for you to get the help you need. They have licensed counselors who specialize in issues ranging from depression anxiety and stress trauma grief anger and family relationships. You can talk to your counselor privately by video session or phone session. If you're not ready lever that you can just chat or taxed and everything you share is confidential better. Help is all about letting you get help on your own time time at your own pace. And at an affordable rate. It's a safe way to reach out and you can do it from the comfort of your own home. Doke doc tells. Listeners will get ten percent of their first month with Discount Code Dog Tales. That's better help dot com slash dog tales or one word. Why not get help? Better help dot com slash dog tales. Now back to the story after. FDR's cousin Margaret Gave Falah to him as a congratulatory present in the fall. One thousand nine hundred forty. It didn't take little Scottish terrier long to win over the entire White House. Fowler was well aware of his favorites status and exploited it every chance he got he constantly roamed the halls of the west wing looking for a mock an unsuspecting secretary or a garden in an empty hallway. It didn't matter who as long as they had food Falah would prance up. PLOP himself down right in front of his new friend friend at begin his routine I the park just to draw the eye often that was enough to earn a treat. But if that didn't work he had all those tricks. Margaret taught him back. In New York sit roll over stand and of course the closer smiling Fowler became so adept at winning troops from the White House staff that he puts on a few pounds. The Little Scotty was getting well not not so little anymore. In one thousand nine hundred forty one fowler began to eat so much so often that he got sick while FDR understood stood the irresistibility of Falah. He couldn't have his little buddy falling ill so made the tough coal and lay down new ground rules for stuff off no more feeding Falah and a new rule for no more wandering around alone. The president decided to keep deep follow with him no matter way he went if follow was as popular outside. The White House is in it. FDR would never have to be without his best friend. The president was keen on sneaking out afternoon drives around Washington. DC In his Ford convertible Falah became a feature on his circuits. The first dog would get smiles and waves from everyone. The spotted them. FDR Auto delighted in the attention. That Little Scotty received Saleh's travels soon expanded beyond the simple writes in the Ford. He started accompanying the president on fishing trips to Florida and his retreats to the Little White House in Warm Springs Georgia that the president found relief from his polio. By swimming. And the results pool and lounging in the hot springs from which the town drew its name and while the pools healed FDR buddy fowler healed the president's so that tight bond quickly became closer than any of FDR human connections the nation took I notice as beloved as FDR was the pup as FDR would often refer to him was even more popular as fallow spent more time in public by FDR side lettuce specifically addressed to the pup poured in from all across the country at one point Fowler received more mail than the president. The demand for Fallon's attention became so great that the pub- even had his own secretary to sort through it all for him fowler. The humble femme dog had become an American sensation and the president would would need that fame to help calm an incredibly tense nation by early nineteen forty one world war two was consuming consuming much of Europe. While some Americans wanted to join the fight many others wanted to avoid the conflict justice fowler had calm tensions in the Oval Office he was bringing a calming presence to the American people..
Henry Ford's Rubber Utopia
"It all started in in nineteen twenty five. Henry Ford was having lunch and his Dearborn Michigan Mansion with his good friend business partner entire magnate Harvey firestone Harvey. RV and Ford had been friends and partners since Ford started building cars decades earlier. So yeah just remember like he invented the model t which I like cheap car and basically he brought the car to the mass. Exactly Mr Firestone had begun ranting this time primarily focused on the impending rubber cartel that had been proposing England by one Winston Churchill. I am not a crooked. You know that payments de Yeah with a cigar and he's like on this day I I am not a crook and it will live in infamy. Yep that's him. The purpose of also the was Churchill. The king no the purpose of the rubber cartel was to limit the export of rubber in order to not overextend national resources. In case there was another World World War One thousand nine hundred eighty five probably a good idea but harvey firestone didn't like that idea. He believed that rubber prices were going to spike in the US as a result and therefore negatively affect firestone tires. Not some things never change Harvey firestone was not alone in this fear even even presidential candidate. FDR feared the effects of a rubber tariff. Remember was viewed. As the automotive industry's chokepoint seen as even more crucial than oil it's crazy. The the automotive industry relied on vulcanized rubber for literally everything from tires to hoses gaskets. A price increase of any kind could sink the young business so there there was a legitimate fear of turtles. Pain passing seems somewhat reasonable. Also it's it's it's kind of like okay here newsflash guys. If you're listening to this this might lose some you know in. I believe in climate change. And it's SORTA like yeah making some changes like you know not dumping tons of poisons into rivers and stuff might be more expensive for some people but in the at the end of the day. It's good not to have poisoned rivers and it's also probably good to have like rubber to defeat the Nazis. Yeah Germany was totally destroyed and they were afraid of something all of Europe. Yeah they're afraid of something like that happening again because those wounds had not been healed all and Churchill was just saying like hey fellers hello. Hello how does he talk. Talk like this is how are we talk again elegant. Listen listen fellows. That women's of all are still fresh insulting. I say that maybe we just save some of US supplies in case of fruit bikes out to again rubber. Blow Hurrah. Yes that's always saying always saying. Hey guys the whole world was just at war four. I think it might happen again. Maybe we should just like chill and be ready and these guys are like a money so harvey firestone was fed up with living in constant fear of their so he decided the best course of action would be to grow his own rubber smart. This wasn't the first time he had some some crazy idea. In fact Harvey tried to declare economic independence from the UK and fly rubber under the American flag. A few years earlier but that was truly the ramblings of a madman who doesn't seem to understand that you can't just not claim another country's resources by saying this cheaper so I'm just going to say it's it's American now although now that I think back on it that's kind of how we did a lot of stuff so yeah but harvey actually had a plan. He decided that he was going to start his own plantation in Liberia where the conditions were almost perfect for growing rubber trees by keeping the production in house he could avoid all the access fees associated with importation from other countries. Henry Ford had also tried growing his own rubber a year earlier. In one thousand nine hundred eighty four he had purchased this large quantities of land in the Florida everglades only to eventually do nothing with them. It was cheaper for four to import. The rubber. The idea of dramatic price is increase was still only speculation. But Still Harvey's plans had peaked and reports interests and after the lunch meeting was over. He requested that it's personal aide aide Leopold would find out where the best place to grow rubber Leopold come over here boy. Where's the best place to go? Rob A AH go find out how Liberia was the obvious choice. Harvey firestone discovered. It had the perfect climate when he put his plantation there but unfortunately Henry Ford word was very very very racist and he would not dare step foot in such an uncivilised and African society so they came to the conclusion. I mean that the rubber should be grown where it originated in the Amazon. So rubber comes from both vines and trees and you let it grow and then when you chop it you squeeze the vines and Latex Literal Latex comes out trees yeah so it's a liquid and then they they put out onto like big flat drying areas than when it dries. You can pull it up like a sheet of Latex and then you take a bunch of latex yeah stack stack into bales. And then that's what gets shipped out to like Volkan Ization plants and stuff like that. So these plantations are really only concerned with drawing the vines and extracting latex from okay okay and Liberia had the per client. But what about the Amazon Amazon also. Very clearly great. Climate only problem. It's a lot harder harder to get into the rainforest than it is in Africa. Got You throughout the nineteenth century. The Amazon River Basin supplied all of the world's rubber and made up forty percent of Brazil's exports sports at the height of the rubber boom in the second half of the nineteenth century but the Amazon's rubber room quickly turned to bus as plantations in Asia and England. Were able to go. Rubber and much denser populations and much more efficiently in Amazon many natural species that are not present in other countries limit the growth of trees so but organizing united plantations and other countries the efficiency was greatly increased. Henry had another incentive to go to South America besides his racism in End Theodore Roosevelt's book through the Brazilian wilderness. He accounts his experiences traveling through the Amazonian rainforests. One of his most significant observations is that many fast-flowing rivers could provide an almost perfect power source for any industry bold enough to be born there. He claimed that the right kind of senators such his enterprising businessmen of foresight coolness and suggest city who would be willing to put migrants to work for an advantage that would be mutually beneficial will give rise to a a great industrial civilization money. If anyone thought they could fill that description it was Henry Ford art now. Henry Ford did not really make cars. Henry Ford thought that he made men the maker. Men's like me. This builder of meant the cars they produced produced were simply a byproduct of his training. He was praised as a sociologist manufacturer. If anyone could reshape the native Brazilians into prosperous factory workers it was Henry Ford. They don't want to be or so he thought they don't want that.
Climate Change And The Housing market
"We're going deep on the housing market. So let me ask you when you bought your house out there in Berkeley. Were you thinking about natural disaster risks. Well yes primarily earthquake risk. Yeah I mean you know if you're in if you're northern California then a among basically the entire west coast you're terrified water quakes. I also terrified earthquakes so I was thinking about that. I did I looked at houses in some other places where I was worried about. Things like floods and sea level rise But I'm a little further from the water. So I'm I should be safe from that barring some horrible horrible climate change outcome but You know obviously now. Wildfires are irrelevant factor here to what's the market it for earthquake insurance like don't get me started on the market for. It's it's a horrible you. It's incredibly expensive in the coverage which is really bad. There's like a California State Program called the California Earthquake Authority which like Kinda backs it but you have to get it to your local lender and Or your insurer and your insurers don't all cover it it's it's a mess we won't go there. I live in East Boston. And I'm surrounded by water and so the first thing I did when we were thinking about buying a house out here was does look up fema flood maps and do our research on flooding We're up on a hill so turns out according to the FEMA maps were in pretty good shape over a hundred year period of time But guess what I found other. Those maps are not so good the I would say the primary learning learning for me from all this Learning that I've been doing around. Climate risk is that FEMA flood maps or not great. Yes it's a real problem and that is part of what we're GONNA be talking about in this show I I watch tell you that I feel pretty good still I mean we are way up on a hill We're we're kind of surrounded by one side on a river. We've got the airport on one side so there's really not a lot of flooding risk for us like there is in other parts of East Boston or just throughout Boston. Really in fact. Mild down the street at the edge of Boston harbor on our side in East Boston through developing these is new condo buildings. He super expensive units that. Sit Right in these special flood hazard areas like even in the FEMA maps that are out out of day. These buildings buildings are in flood hazard areas. 'em He boggles the mind how to these things. Keep getting bill. How are they insured? Who is backing these these buildings and so this week? We are exploring the financial risk of this kind of development and our guest co-authored really deep and important study quantifying the problem in the US housing market and identifying. How banks are shifting? That risk took us the taxpayers our guest is named a meanwhile Assad. He's a professor of applied economics at the Graduate School of business at Hec Montreal Montreal. He joined us from his Montreal office. And show you doug this piece of research up you pass it over to me. And then the subsequent New York Times article that came amount summarizing the research. What compelled you about it? Well I think in my ongoing obsession around understanding climate risk in the ways is that it's playing out. I think one of the things that I'm finding to be interesting and terrifying Is basically like I think. Climate change and the risk of climate. Change is going to cause all these little distortions in our economy. There's just going to be so much of our economy is driven by weather and natural natural disaster and temperature all this different stuff and so I think you could almost look till like any section of the economy apply climate risk lens to it and then say this is GonNa GonNa get. This is going to turn weird. You know in one way or another and one of the areas that I think we're starting to see that play out right now as evidenced by means research is is in the mortgage market and obviously that one carries a particular weight in the United States. Because it was largely the cause of our last financial financial disaster and in fact the players who are involved in that less financial disaster particularly Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac which are you know sort of the US tax payers ars burying the burden of a bunch of mortgages. They appear to be involved This time as well in sort of an inability to price in a risk USC which is basically what happened in financial disaster. Now it may not be the same order of magnitude of a risk that we saw last time around. But it's a good example to to me of one of the ways in which climate change is just going to start to cause these strange little distortions in our economy right so the market for coastal mortgages in the US is worth sixty billion dollars or more per year depending on you know The real estate market and housing construction etc and and the striking thing about this research and other similar findings is that it's not confined just to a small number of coastal properties if you have have significant default rates it can reverberate through communities and potentially the broader housing market and so a lot of people are asking at least in the popular press when they're summarizing this research. Could this be a repeat of the two thousand seventeen thousand eight housing market collapse. That caused a financial crisis. I think the answer is at this point. No Oh because we're talking about a specific slice of the housing market at least when it comes to coastal properties but still there is this reverberation that can happen through these communities. It's not just like a bunch of select houses that are at risk it can actually have a ripple effect yeah. I don't think we know entirely yet. I think you know a means research which which I talked to him about is new and there isn't a whole lot of research on this yet so I think it remains to be determined. Exactly how big the the risk is but it is true not sort of fear monger here. I think it is true that like the numbers that you're talking about the potential losses to the American tax payer. As a result of this you know as it stands today air in the billions probably But maybe not yet at the level of the financial crisis in two thousand seventeen thousand eight which was you know couple orders of magnitude larger than and so. We should overstate it at the same time. This is the beginning right. And we just don't know where this is going to go and I think it's important to this Shaina light on all these little market distortions caused by climate change because that's the only way that we're going to actually adjust as a result and this to me the whole thing about this series stories that we've been doing on climate risk which is step one is understand the risk but then step two is do something about it. Price it in Insure against got it. Plan around it something And so you know we just gotTa make sure that we're doing that whether we are individual citizens or homeowners whether we are business businesspeople or whether we are policymakers even the federal government and so this is just another place where that's needed you guys really bring the walk in this interview. Yeah I mean look. Give me an academic academic paper and let me run. And you've made a huge mistake but no I mean this is really interesting research. And and the the challenge is that it's not it's not easy to say like like with the impacts of climate change on the mortgage market right now that that's hard to measure and so what I mean and his colleagues who wrote the paper figured out was a pretty clever way to try to get it this question which has to do with the relationship between private lenders and Fannie and Freddie and the rules that govern Fannie and Freddie so it's sort of inherently a a little bit wonky but I always think it's really interesting great. Well let's hear your conversation with a meanwhile Saad who's a professor of applied economics at the Graduate Business School. HEC G C Montreal. The study that you're talking about it's called mortgage finance in the face of rising climate risk. Amin thanks so much for being here. Thank thank you so much for your invitation. It's a pleasure. I'm really excited to chat with you about this research that you conducted recently but I think we should start by offering a little bit of context setting for folks who are not deeply embedded in the mortgage market and as fascinated by. Perhaps as you are so what. What is the role of Fannie and Freddie in this market very briefly and what's the sort of what are the restrictions that Fannie and Freddie have that private lenders do not right so prior to the existence of the creation of Fannie and Freddie the banks that were giving mortgages which is needed to have deposits matching deposits of customers on their balance sheet to extend mortgages Now Fannie and Freddie ready to change that that that mechanism because they allowed the banks to sell their mortgages to Fannie and Freddie and shield the commercial banks from The risk of default of households when when households default on their mortgages the lenders are not exposed to the default risk and it provides liquidity to The commercial banks into non-bank lenders so that they can extend many more mortgages than the amount of deposits that they have on their balance sheet and so this process of securitisation that Finian and Freddie enable is allowing lenders to extend many more mortgages than it would otherwise they were created during during the new deal so we're talking about FDR's administration And have been central to enabling households American households to be homeowners so okay so a mortgage lender has sort of two options are broadly. Speaking mortgage lender has two options with alone. They can hold it on their balance sheet or they can offload it to fannie or Freddie and securitise it and so the sort of crux of what the the the question you've been asking is can we see any impact from climate change or specifically from natural disasters on that decision right which mortgages to originate that a lender can offload in which mortgages in a lender originating. Hold yeah absolutely so there's being there was a a major academic work in Two thousand eight a right. After the financial crisis that said that commercial banks were selling their their bad loans to the government sponsored enterprises Fannie and Freddie That word by that worked by Ben Keys at Warton Really showed that The lenders were offloading The uninsurable On observable bad risk onto the balance sheets of Fannie and Freddie now when When we thought about this securitisation process we would we? We also thought that they would offload their bad climate risk That it is if Fannie and Freddie are not cautious in the kinds of mortgages that are purchasing They're purchasing from the commercial lenders commercial lenders that have of a branch network on the ground have loan officers They know The areas in which they're extending loans. Well they may be able all to observe the climate risk of little abellard better than Fannie and Freddie and And then when we we worked more and more on the research search we realized that Fannie and Freddie really didn't have a proper mechanic SOM to assess the sort of climate risk of they were purchasing from the commercial lenders We realized that they were using maps. That were outdated We realized that Fannie and Freddie were not
"fdr" Discussed on Citation Needed
"The guys are you ready to record so anything before we get started is there anything you want to show us for the for the FDR episode it to you guys nine eleven chant you have to do every fucking channels are aboard an eight thousand eighty two at Hyde Park New York having in this are we laughing there's money are we laughing at this honey or we last Alabama are you in Kobe. Eleanor my inaugural balls..
"fdr" Discussed on Citation Needed
"Say not a fan at least now with Franklin much more likely was rather more fond of an openly lesbian woman named Lorena Hickok yeah eleanor never came out as lesbian butter super-duper close companion lorraina will very much out very much her close companion the ordeal an ordeal to be endured you know you gotTa work on your sex game when it's described like crossing the Atlantic and the mayflower aw man a whole new world thank you thank you in my fucking third leg still works eleanor. I guess you're more into third is that's fine forever you like positive so FDR and what is almost certainly not an unrelated note began an affair nineteen fourteen with his wife's social secretary it was a woman named Lucy Mercer in one thousand nine hundred and eleanor discovered love letters and FDR's luggage and she was spectacularly kissed her part Lucy was isn't about Mary a divorce say with a bunch of kids so I guess that was a tougher sell in nineteen fourteen whatever anyway FDR's mom wasn't about to let eleanor and CR get divorced so they stayed unhappily sort of kind of together so that's only technically accurate or as we would call it today poly-amorous right I don't like cheers I like the people who still and quiet for that joke look to their left or we Ah I came and saw your last show I don't know why you're being so remove your own separate home and she devoted herself to social causes political causes and her totally platonic lesbian best friend Lorraina and to not seeing Franklin as you do when eleanor commits to not being committed she doesn't commit to that superbug and hard in one thousand nine hundred forty one when after yards health began to fail he asked Lorraine back live with him and she was like hard past no for his part FDR didn't visit Eleanor's apartment until nineteen forty four okay but like I feel like thirty years is pretty progressive as timeframe for one thousand nine forty four to go visit his wife's Lesbian Love Nest the Greek pottery aw FDR did however visit Lucy again who was with him the day that he died and with whom he had a lifelong affair he's also rumored to have had a very brief twenty year affair with his private secretary Margaret Missy la- hand and his son referred to the Crown Princess Martha of Norway as his father's girlfriends so probably made some inroads among Scandinavians as all right I have to admit I was not expecting this essay to include a list of all the mad pussy then FDR who knew what can New Yorkers my right so well I readjust my notes a quick break for a little apropos of nothing.
"fdr" Discussed on Citation Needed
"Turn right instead now spent it it's the broadcast where we just subject single article thank you know that was a Pete Davidson Joe Basing I ask you what figures didn't bother to graduate so zero hands go ahead zero hands on zero hands no no Harvard one thousand nine hundred four alums here it's been okay all right that's weird Arwel Tom you sound a bit bitter so if it's any consolation you whip is asking a raise not on his rascal though that'd be the best the best sequel fast and furious like a raccoon skull on the front of it Oh so while he was in school FDR Cousin Theodore Roosevelt became president which FDR found terribly inspiring after all if one roosevelt could do it well by God maybe any old roosevelt could have you changed the last name that was Jeb Bush's campaign slogan and George W's fucking I slogan all right in one thousand nine hundred he met me began to pursue Eleanor Roosevelt and you may have noticed that she was already a roosevelt so you might be having and thoughts right now about your search history eleanor was FDR's fifth cousin once removed so genetically like pretty much not much more related than Ken Cam and that guerrilla that new sign language that's pretty fucking relate it all right that's too close since they were unlikely to have AP's with Aquaman toes they decided to get hitched in one thousand nine hundred five still naw great though when your relationship is short for Poly Dactyl sign don't be like the Duggar family in any way yeah eighteen there's in counting a few interesting notes Franklin's father was at the time of their marriage dead so as Eleanor's father though she was able to get her uncle who was then president Teddy Roosevelt to stand in for him. So Upgrade Franklin's mother Sarah was not a fan of Franklin getting married he tried to break she tried break their engagement that never worked so it didn't here either and the two were wed and live together with Sarah FDR's mom who opposed their marriage they lived in this addict opulent Spring would state and that's kind of weird on its own but when a couple had a townhouse built in the city Sarah built a twin of it to live close hi and strangely eleanor feel terribly at home in either of those homeless and this perfectly clear to allies mom Tom saying that's a bad thing bad thing well eleanor in fact had a rather long list of things that she didn't like such as raising children of which Eleanor's said she knew quote absolutely nothing about handling or feeding a baby and so rather than learn it she outsourced it to the hired help and it's easy to do unpleasant things like take children if you could just pay someone else to do it so they had six kids please become a patron that's the four or kidnapped one of Tom's children the little one super cute I'm just got a nickname psych aren't how much ransom for you to keep him uh-huh despite having six kids eleanor describes sex as an ordeal to be endured so you.
"fdr" Discussed on Citation Needed
"For those listening in at Home Eli crawled on the stage because we've never had polio joke before and we're going for all the horrible shit before careers brought to everything I for everything take that Bill Gates his mum I love some of you were so positive that you actually cut it you're like oh no I'm not non-approved Polian hello and welcome citation needed live from the Peoples Improv theater in New York the news right display what Tom might have told you when he sold you the ticket this is not Hamilton we sold a lot of tickets on Wikipedia and pretend we're experts because this is the Internet and that's how it works now I'm no allusions I'll be presiding over this episode but I have to fill out my cabinet of course I I've got a man who says he's qualified to be secretary of Veterans Affairs because he fucked married soldier once hand a man who says he's qualified to be the secretary of the interior because his mom wouldn't let him play outside he and he but to be fair I was married to that soldier well right now you were you we did have sex once thank you it's true once in the marriage that's right I've had sex with a woman crossed eve I've been can you tell you you gotTa stop asking them if you want or not when you're done I I did win though one no when you have sex twice different scoreboard also joining us tonight a man who says he's I to be secretary of state because he lives in one of those and a man I tapped to be secretary of agriculture based on all the shit growing in his facial hair Tom and say-so it isn't as secretary the one that you pat on the way to get you coffee how would you live in secretary that doesn't even make doesn't oh I'm going to share it apple at all I'm GONNA tear it up we'll tell all adorable my beard is like a small farm and even has a goatee those at home we have shifted signs so yeah yes if you want see the Shit Hits signs you have to come to the live shows one of them as a picture of poop and tits on all right now before we get started I want to thank all the fine folks here at the Peoples Improv theater who worked so hard tonight to make our audience drunk you guys I want to thank you for showing up to see us live like you people a lot better than the ones listening at home except the Patriots we also like to patrons a lot we liked patrons who are here more of the patrons who ah more already so tell us what person place thing concept phenomenon orbit will talking about today today no we're GONNA be talking about FDR and Eli Eli one is FDR stand for it is a that's actually in the F. So far so good chur now you don't scream shit out fred drill yeah nope no tell them you looked at the Douglas rose in verse cast like US Doing Frederick Douglas Lane can love getting credibility he's do now yeah no no he's he's doing good work now all right so tom you looked at the pictures on this article are you ready to tell us about FDR I am no I don't get up he wouldn't have it's fine oh there's GonNa be a lot of those yeah because he's okay all right so for the sake of those on stays that literally did not know what those letters stood for when we record skit tom who is FDR Ri well Franklin Delano Roosevelt is best known as the four term President of the United aides who led America through the horror of the Second World War and made a couple of very find deals I'll personally I think is a man who's Several mansions were only marginally nicer than my own when I think we celebrate a place like New York we're not talking about the garbage strike of nine hundred eleven or the garbage strike of nineteen sixty eight or the garbage strike of one thousand nine hundred eighty one or the garbage strike six or what from the present smell the city I can only assume must be the presence and ongoing garbage strike yeah hat I think it behooves us to squint through our watering eyes and look at some of New York's most iconic figure this man uh-huh and why C. and why seeing the what sorry too loud too loud way too loud too loud and incredibly close ends taller what figure rises up above the fray outcome what figures steps more boldly forward as a visionary leader whose triumphs and complements will go down in history as having non only saved America itself from existential peril but whose lessons have since been fully and profoundly ignored more within Franklin Delano Roosevelt Abe Lincoln Barack Obama all right gratitude Berg. He's I feel like he wants you to say him bring it on I love this song Kinda weakens the NYC James Roosevelt Sarah and Delo Franklin was fucking rich like let's just go ahead and get that one out of the way early like he was spectacularly crazily you wild rich his family came from money just generations of it on both his mother's side and his father's side the Roosevelt's were wealthy merchants and land owners the domino's were rich merchants and ship builders and Franklin grew up the kind of kid who played polo you know like the kind of kid who know Oh low guys hello later jump ahead he was the kind of quality like learn things like to raw and row and shoot pool alone on us you know like you know when you're driving past the nice high school and it's about three thirty and all those rich kids clogged the streets and their BMW's that their parents bought them Franklin was richer than those obnoxious fuckers his sixteenth birthday present was a sailboat oh Jesus who after the are then he throws they're spoiled kid Tantrum Malm wanted to steamboat it makes hard I contact with mom just like throws a Molotov walked onto the boat you mom fuck you hope you get polio all right so in case rubbing on you so case any of you guys are still labor delusion they say polio at is not how you get polio you guys that you can polio that one zero percent chance case you still laboring under the delusion that everyone is equal and Gosh we all have the same opportunities I want you guys to raise your hands if this sounds familiar if this sounds like your life so FDR was primarily schooled by a host of private tutors except when he was nine and he spent a year in public school in Germany was no problem since he was converted French and German from his frequent trips abroad when he was fourteen he went off to boarding school before he of course went to Harvard where received as in history for entering Columbia law where he didn't bother finishing because instead he just passed the bar three years later in one thousand nine hundred seven.
Hurting Harley Broaches $1.6 Billion Turnaround Plan
"Uh from wondering I'm David Brown and this is business worse daily on this Thursday October third when you think of have motorcycles which brand POPs to mind it could be the one time king of the Hill Harley Davidson but that's more likely if you're obvious certain age for the past several years. Here's the muscle bound. Company has been fighting for the industry leadership at once took nearly for granted upstarts like it's revived former rival. Indian have been looming larger Juryman harleys rear view Mirrors Harley sales and profits have been sinking for the last five years and this quarter has been one of its worst with sales dropping almost eight and a half percent compared to a year ago last week. The company announced an aggressive expensive turnaround plan called more roads Harley Davidson it it intends to spend one point six billion dollars over the next four years to expand not only its own customer base but motorcycle riding in general it. Lynch produce new products especially its fleet of electric vehicles led by the livewire expand access around the globe build new smaller urban dealerships and create experiences experiences intended to introduce kids and young adults to the joys of writing ultimately Harley promises the more roads plan will increase harleys tribe from its existing assisting three million riders to four but analysts are quick to label the turnaround plan a tough uphill climb. The company blames its problems on a soft market for motorcycles and indeed. Americans bought three hundred seventy thousand motorcycles in two thousand sixteen. That's only half as many as they had ten years earlier. millennials especially city-dwellers don't seem to be buying bikes especially those big heavy touring bikes that made Harley famous some blame the downturn on ridesharing which reduces the need to own transportation and of course there are those hefty school loans which shrink household budgets but some of hardy's troubles are frankly harleys or lease alone. The company's existing ridership is aging and younger riders. Just aren't filling in the gaps. It's new livewire. Electric bike starts at thirty thousand dollars hours as one writer pointed out almost the cost of low in Tesla early this year we pointed out that Harley is on a high wire a tricky balancing act between keeping its existing existing customers happy while trying to attract new younger writers and impress investors who think electric bikes the industry's future so far. Harley has not shown shown that it can navigate that delicate tightrope furthermore those shrinking motorcycle market isn't affecting all companies equally if as CNBC claimed aimed late last year millennials are killing motorcycles. We'll what about Harley's rival Indian wouldn't they be suffering too with the help of the newly launched. FDR Twelve hundred motorcycle asleep bike style like a flat track racer. Indians motorcycle sales grew fifteen percent of its second quarter to two hundred million million dollars. It's prophets also rose by two million that suggests Indian which is owned by Polaris Industries is doing a better job than Harley creating relevant well-priced well priced products the FDR twelve hundred retails for only thirteen to sixteen thousand dollars a far cry from some of Harleys gasp worthy list prices prices still it remains to be seen whether Hardee's big plan to expand the market could work over time the company that's been in business indeed as an American an icon since nineteen zero three as no slouch but it may take all the muscle harleys God along with a boatload of patience and and maybe you turn on those prices turn things around wondering this Business Business Wars Daily today is episode number two hundred and ninety nine curious about the history of Harley Davidson Checkout are seven part series Harley Biker Acura sits on our sister. Show business wars subscribed wherever you listen to podcasts. I'm David Brown back with you tomorrow
"fdr" Discussed on This American President
"Yes, it's perfectly true. and was devastated when she learned about the fan. At we're talking about nineteen, nineteen, fifteen, nineteen, sixteen, nineteen seventeen So in that sense Yes, we could be moralistic because sent me that was. A time in in all society and culture when? It was very much frowned upon. A bubble you know eleanor was a was a In Cuba had grown up more than an inch. Have great compassion for because she was very isolated, even didn't have a great unit so. You know. The two of them have theon element. They grew as a result of that Shum. Adulterous affair and the way it came to an they grew. They throw necessary together as a as romantic couple, but they certainly agreed to give it as deeply committed. Husband and They achieved especially politically. I don't think we'll ever happen again. In American history, and FDR was. You know the man mainly responsible for law. He's always encouraging. However, Much rebounding on him as president of the United, states And encourage me politically, but enough private life. Had A number of friends of May, but mostly female and very tender relationships. said that they lesbian related. I know I. I just think they were very close very loving relationships. To. People like. Friend. And FDR Did his best to make that possible I. I think in many ways they. Are An ideal. So we get to the altar conference. Kind of the last major seen in the book and at the time, the atomic bomb is months away from being operational. How did President Roosevelt the bomb? And how did he view it as he was? In negotiations with Churchill and Stalin at Yalta. Well the story of if you need to make bombers little bit. Complicated because he obviously, he need not any new about it. He'd financed Scher Right. He was the man behind the palm Right the very beginning, and he put under the charge of the secretary of war. Henry stints. But you know. He walked over very kathleen as it was developed..
"fdr" Discussed on This American President
"Well, it wasn't just my father. My father as you say had had. Been A. An officer, a combat officer in World War Two and he was evacuated from dunkirk in nineteen forty, and then allow part in the landings. And served through. All the way through. The Battle of Normandy and into Holland and ended the war. At, age twenty six as a temporary. Brigadier, in in Germany, so he had an extraordinary war came from a very. Humble background working class background. he was decorated in the field by Field Marshal Montgomery. Who was the commander in chief of the American Canadian British AMIES AT D Day? There! So they maintained a relationship a close relationship. When my father went back into journalism, he just been a junior reporter on our local newspaper. And it was my father that I came in no fear Mushroom Montgomery. Back well, I was a school kid when I first met him. And inviting me to. This converted water mill. He he lived in in retirement. He had been deputy. Supreme Commander of NATO. And so monty took a kind of liking to this young. Somewhat ignorance it. And, and in fact, Monte took me to stay at chop well with Winston, Churchill Unlikely Church for weekend with two daughters President and Said I was nineteen years old. I was at Cambridge investi undergraduate I I. I was You know strange to say I thought I behaved very well there and. It's been. Nine hundred sixty four. Because, it was an extraordinary we can. I can imagine. It will very vivid in my memory, but I recently came across a letter that Monte as his cold. If you're Masha, wrote to my father, saying that I'd been very badly behaved. I was sort of chocolate. student very opinionated wouldn't listen to let. My Gosh. So, but I did. Talk a great deal with Montgomery about chat show who Churchill had been Montes boss. Okay, have from. From the battle of Alamein in nineteen, forty two all the way through to the end And MONTY MONTY had huge admiration for Churchill as a statesman as a figurehead as as an Oreta right. But. He had really very serious criticisms of Churchill as a military strategist and. At Sense Church was really very much locked into his Victorian upbringing. Okay, And didn't really understand Morton Wolf Eh. The stand how to defeat them the German. In World War Two. So that is what gave me a kind of curiosity about and I started this. Project I never thought it was. A life of FDR as commander in chief As United, states commander in chief and That was the sort of background of of my curiosity about that. How how FDR GET ON WITH CHURCH whom he gets to know, even before pell hob. How did the relationship develop through the wall so? it's certainly being fascinating to me as an author and biographer and I I think it's fair to say that. Most of my stories is pretty revelatory. Not. I'm particularly specialists and writers story, but I think because JETRO. Himself was so brilliant and such an extraordinary can cover up. Six volumes fantastically, well written. 'emOi about how he won, will to basically a muzzle right Sir sir..
"fdr" Discussed on This American President
"So on today's episode we have Nigel Hamilton. The author of the new book. War and peace FDR's final. Odyssey DDAT alternate, one, thousand, nine, hundred, forty, three to nineteen forty-five, and this book finishes Your Trilogy President Roosevelt and I'm seventy to hear that this electorally. Be Your final book. Is that right? Not necessarily my final book, but probably my last big biography, okay. Well. It last of my FDR because he dies the in that is true. Yes, I, I can't keep him alive. In fact I I had a strange episode. Where just before I finished writing it I got writer's block and. At my writers, group Mike civil. What's the matter? I said what I just I? I can't seem put pen to paper anymore. They what comes next in the story and I said well. He dies and they said well. Isn't it obvious? Problem with that right. You can't help that. So that that's good. Even the best writers out there get get writer's block. Dead encourages all the rest of us. Now I I remember the first time I ever heard about you. I was ten years old, and it was the thirtieth anniversary of the Kennedy assassination, and you had a book come out on President Kennedy. JFK RECKLESS YOUTH AND I remember there was also a mini series about it starring. Patrick Dempsey and says the first time I heard about you. It's pretty cool to be sitting here interviewing you. What was that like to have a book of yours become a feature film? I was a television mini series. It. It was any time in Lila like when I other than than sort of. Fairly considerable amount of money at least two to get. DOLLAH, because you have to take the money on the first day of of cinematography, because otherwise is. A up. But. yeah, it was a total SURPRI as them. The the book could been turned down by the first publisher in Boston. was afraid of how the Kennedy family would receive it not because it was You know what not because it was negative about JFK on the country was You know he was rather. The hero of the story is just that it was it less than positive about Ajay. Case Filed A. pecan candy the ambassador at London at the time of Hitler. And and he's mother as well. had too many children on, too many cares and..
Bernie Sanders, President Trump And FDR discussed on The Beat with Ari Melber
"President Trump tries to make the democratic race all about him. And maybe a little bit of Biden or candidates out in the field. Pursuing a lot of other topics jobs criminal Justice taking on Wall Street said something Bernie Sanders raised in a major address today, explaining democratic socialism. They may hate democratic socialism because it benefits working people, but they absolutely love corporate socialism, that enriches Trump and other billionaires. One reason candidates give speeches like this early in the race is to try to lay out a marker as we come on air tonight, I can tell you Sanders is already drawing some desire to headlines with his speech now as for what he said, he argued that this is all about specifics of his economic vision rights to a living wage, health care, and other benefits that democrat FDR backed, but didn't get congress to ever. Enact in. Fact Sanders name checks, the new deal president as well as MLK today. Clearly attempts to present these values in some sort of broader idea of liberal mainstream, and history offers some interesting lessons there. There are certainly reformers who were widely reviled in their day. Then later celebrated civil rights leaders labor leaders come to mind, and there's an echo here of that theme because Sanders quotes one of the most famous lines from his last campaign speech, this was just days before the thirty six election during the depression with controversies over the new deal and FDR noted that the elites and bankers didn't just oppose him. They hated him.
Carl Edwards, Theo Epstein And Miami discussed on Roe Conn
"In Miami. Major league baseball is investigating racist. Messages sent to cubs reliever. Carl Edwards junior on Instagram this month Edwards was option to Tripoli Iowa FDR trouble with this motion got off to a tough start to the season. Theo Epstein condemn Z message messages and says he supports major league
Anti-Vaxxers Are Destroying the Herd Immunity They Rely On
"Rolls on in health. Officials say the national measles outbreak is spreading across California and one UC Berkeley, professor says it's easy to determine one of the major factors behind this health crisis. More from reporter Cooper Rummell, there are communities scattered throughout the US that have lost their herd immunity to measles because so many parents have refused to vaccinate their children. When that is the case where someone with measles comes to the United States. They will introduce measles. And we will have the kind of outbreaks that we're seeing Dr Arthur Ryan, Goldens, a professor of FDR g UC Berkeley school of public health. He says that is incredibly frustrating because measles was eliminated in the US twenty years ago. Now, there are four hundred sixty five cases nationwide, including seventeen in California unfortunate because the vaccine we have is very safe and very effective. He says it's going to be difficult to eliminate the disease from the US again because heard immunity is reached when roughly ninety five. Percent of the population is vaccinated and the antibac- cer- movement is
A look at the Trump presidency
"Is the pow that Donald Trump tests. I think what Donald Trump is testing. Now is that he's been able to get the Republicans in congress to do the things that they wanted to do, and perhaps he is well, the tax cut the deregulation, the supreme court appointments, but he's testing a power. That the public themselves in the end are the ones that are the big biggest check on the congress and on the courts and on the presidency and right now the approval rating of Donald Trump is is the lowest any president has been. And I think it's in part not because he hasn't accomplished many of the things that a lot of people feel are good. But because there has been a toxic culture created people feel anxious people feel the moorings are being undone that traditions norms are being violated and after a while the people will speak. I mean, they spoke pretty strongly in the midterm elections. I'm even though he kept the Senate which most people assumed he would given the structural balance. The Senate had he lost pretty big in the house. And and he hasn't accepted the loss really in some ways. Which is a problem. If he did he might say, how can I change now? So that I can reach out to the other side. And maybe he will maybe we'll get infrastructure. Maybe we'll get something for the dreamers. Maybe we'll get this criminal Justice reform. And I'm hoping that I'm hoping that that will will make the two sides come together in a better way. I wonder if if you don't reading the midterms wrong, I'm just going to make you flat-out challenge on that won't turn out was high. You could argue his reinvigorates is the electricity. We had happen to democratic stress just into lake on his show not long ago saying yes, Democrats took back the house. But if you look across the races, it doesn't look like the Trump machine is coming to a standstill in any way. Indeed. The take way might be Donald Trump is now definitely gonna go on all things behavioral and run again in twenty twenty rather than this being a great mid Tom's or you show, you're not trading too, much to woods wishful thinking possibly possibly. I might be. I mean, it's hard to predict anything when you know. I like everybody else never assumed that Hillary Clinton wasn't going to win. So it makes you much more vulnerable to making predictions. I think that the most important thing that happened in the midterms, and this has nothing to do with party necessarily is that the fact so many people came out. I mean young people voting five hundred percent more than in the previous midterms more. Women running for election from all sorts of parts of the lives that had never been in politics before. That's that's a really hopeful sign is that thanks to Donald Trump at possibly could be. I mean, I think the interest in politics has been increased because of Donald Trump, and that's a very good thing. Whether or not it produces him again or whether it produces somebody against him when the citizens get awakened. That's when things happen in the country. I mean when I look back at the times when change happened. It was the anti slavery movement that did it all Lincoln said not his leadership alone. It was the progressive movement in the cities and states long before FDR an and teddy Roosevelt became president that allowed that some of the regulations that could deal with the industrial revolution. And of course, it was the civil rights movement that allowed LBJ to do the civil rights Bill in the voting rights Bill. So we need a political revolution in our country. Something's not working well with the system. The congressional lines are being drawn gerrymandering this too much money in politics. There's a sense that as. Teddy Roosevelt said the rock of democracy will break when people in different regions and different parties and different races begin to feel themselves as the other. So somehow that's been happening long before trunk the polarization in the country people in the rural areas feeling cut off from the city's people who are working class people feeling that the elites haven't handled them. Well, they don't have the right educational system. They haven't had mobility those are deep cultural problems that he hasn't created that were there. And so the question the question will be will leader rise that can heal those divisions. And so far, he hasn't healed them. The question will be where does the country go and twenty twenty if such a leader arises, we don't know who that later will be I must ask you about impeachment who spectra of postal impeachment hanging over the presidency. Not least because you have a sort of strong personal echo. Here. Think is a young stone for you route two piece in the new Republic and Johnson entitled how to dump Lyndon Johnson. I understand it. Career impeaching president the autumn of put you off impeaching another will. Well, no what I meant by. That was that. I was hoping this was written in nineteen sixty seven when I became a White House fellow and I'd written an article for the new Republic with a friend of mine, and we were simply saying how to remove Lyndon Johnson. From office was to create a party that would run against him in nineteen sixty eight rather wishful thinking, it would be made up of women minorities poor people and. Opposable strategy fool the Democrats on the left. Do you recognize that I do indeed? But I think that in some ways I think it would be a big mistake for impeachment to start. I mean, the Democrats have to know that whatever Muller comes up with the Senate will not go along with the impeachment. And I think it's much better to just educate the people, let them feel and change their mind about him suppose Muller comes up with obstruction of Justice or even collusion. Then you just let the people absorb that information. It would be a big mistake for them to move in an impeachment direction. It'll just fire the base of Trump, and then he will be able to say this is a witch hunt. So that I think they should just keep their heads down. They should do their investigations, but they should try and get as much done as they can even if it contributes to the benefit of the Republicans to get some of these things pass it'll be good for the country. So that's changing your thinking of fifty years. I think you become a little bit more practical. But no, even then I was wanting them to re unelected him not necessarily impeach him. Fair point just a closing from you what kind of presidency regardless of who runs. Oh gets elected. But what cut presence, you do you think will result from Donald Trump having been in the White House while the question will be does the next president have to have that kind of celebrity entertainment value. So that he becomes a figure who's part of your lives. I mean in some ways if I thought about who could come back now that could most challenge President Trump. It would be teddy Roosevelt because he was a person who people would follow him when he was on stage as he was in center stage. I mean, they said about him. He wanted to be the baby at the baptism and the bride at the wedding and the corpse at the funeral. He hungered for that stage as Trump does. And there's something charismatic about that people are drawn to that. It's like a kid drawn to a circus. And the question will be doing need that person today in our social media entertainment world, or could it be Oprah presidency? That's. Wrecked. How you feel about it? Well, I think not only Oprah. But now, there's also it's a sports stars and movie stars think, oh, I can become president. If this person became president without political experience. I think it's a problem to get into public life without political experience, or at least leadership experience. I mean, I can see a big businessman whose really led hundreds of thousands of people in a company overseas coming in and having had the experience of building a team and all those human qualities, but to just pop in from some other field where you haven't been a leader. But you've simply been a celebrity. I think would be a problem if that's the lesson taken from this doors. Thank you very much. Joining us. Thank
Netflix adds to growing debt pile with $2 billion bond issue
"It was a little bit worse than they had thought Susan Anderson follows Hasbro for the investment Bank be Riley FDR. She says the twin maker is responding to the new retail landscape by opening a new distribution center in the mid west could issue in kennels are just a lot different. You know, you have a lot more retailers carrying toys than smaller lots versus twenty Iraq. That means consumers might wanna start their toys shopping early this year. Especially this year. Chris Byrne is a tweet historian and independent analyst. There's a little bit more uncertainty about where things will be and where there will be in stock, and will there be enough inventory, the big losers. This holiday season could be small toy manufacturers. They'll miss the marketing boost. They used to get by having their products alongside blockbusters on toys. R. us shelves, I'ma Jacobs for marketplace. Farming