37 Burst results for "Eritrea"
Fresh "Eritrea" from Hie Skool Lyfe
"Airplane was going up at that. I'm like dying. I can't even is going up then when it was going down like my ears willing gone i can't hear anything Do you have any religious beliefs because yeah I believe that. I'm the author christian orthodox of what to do so why do also yeah our churches in all the way on layton. They're trying to make some in here bed. They're gathering up one goal. So do you drive the way to layton yet. We always every on it. That's awesome That's really cool. Did you have that. Did you believe in that. Church in african yeah. I was believing that that's awesome cool. Let's see do you have any what do you think about Utah and how did you come to you to like. There's a lot places in the united states. Could have come to but.
"eritrea" Discussed on Hie Skool Lyfe
"Playing Already can't describe it yet. It's just like those like an defense. I play like you others to like three people. The downside also quoted or you the safety. I'm not safety just like on the top. I forgot linebacker. Think so okay. What was your favorite food back. in africa. My group was shiro. Let's describe it shiro. Is the colors yellow and they made it from. How do you say in in english. diminished in a good. The name called at than they just make cold like they say like they make it to like flour grinded up. Yeah then after that it's ready to was Food and everything yeah awesome. What was your biggest challenge moving to america. My biggest challenges like to make my parents happy like to make them by the they come from their here like not like easy as we have to move from eritrea to suda. I from sudan to to do that. We have to pay a lot of money just for the airplanes and everything. Yeah so when. I come on you know. Help them there for like they did get into the over there. Then i gotta do did for them not to. That's awesome. my dad is helping you and your parents do alone and says you seem like you're a great song till i. It'd be helping your parents do this. Because you're that much english right i'm doing i'm trying leader at your english is really good really good. Thank you is really good. Let's see so we talked about. You have siblings two sisters right. How old are they One of my my youngest one is she is sixteen shoot about seventy nine march third a march fifth and then the little one issue that freshman this.
Fresh update on "eritrea" discussed on The California Report Magazine
"For now, I have two guests with me throughout the program. They are Luna tiles. She's a Danish writer, crime novelist and journalist and Andreas Cellar. He's a professor of chemistry at University College London. And a broadcaster came to make chemistry, understandable and relevant to more people would hear more from them later. We begin today with Ethiopia and some rare eyewitness testimony. From a conflict that's been largely hidden from the world's view communications with Ethiopia's northern Tigre province have been cut and access restricted ever since the Ethiopian government. Launched a military offensive there on November the fourth against dissident politicians of the ruling TPLF. Government forces captured the to grind capital Michaela a week ago and declared operations over but reports persist of continued fighting. That's what residents of MMA Kelly had been telling the BBC as well as the United Nations, which says it's hampering efforts to deliver much needed aid despite and a recent agreement with the government. Well, nearly 50,000 refugees from the fighting with T cry of also fled across the border to Sudan. Among them is Dr Terrace to Farrah. He's a medical doctor and general surgeon at the main hospital in the to grind town of whom era. He was there when it was attacked by Ethiopian government forces. On November 8th. He spoke to the BBC's Julian Marshall. The first attack was with this heavy shelling. Which must office were coming from the east side off the town, and there are also coming from the north side off the town. And when this shooting Ozone, which targets every part off this town. We start receiving people wounded at different parts off their body. And also we received dead bodies on day one around 15 dead bodies we received. And around 75 wounded civilians We got on this shelling continued the whole afternoon. And then the next day it started early in the morning, and then it's Ah. It almost declined. I have a boat 11 name, and then we received more injured people, and also we got eight bodies, and then we decided it was not safe for our patients and also for us. And then we say we must live and we had to take our wounded patients on a tractor glory. And then we got into a new area, which is 70 kilometers away from Woomera, where there were no shillings, but fighting is still going on in that area. And after two days, the fighting was intense, even coming close to the clinic where we were, and then we had to send our patients off the track to other parts of Tigger. I wear it was relatively safe then. And then we had to flee on our feet to the woods nearby. This village Returning, though to that shelling, in whom error you are saying civilian targets in the town were hit. Every part of the town was heat. Particularly the marketplace is the church around the mosque and also in a visit, it is off the hospital component. There was extensive shelling because the Ethiopian government has insisted that civilians were not targeted in the course off the military offensive in Tigre. And that no civilians were killed. But you say that's not the case. I don't know which which civilians is this government, referring to because this was the civilians that we were treating? There were women, all the women Children. And even men. Younger men were also attacked, who actually were residents off this town and that and then who were not completely unarmed? Civilians completely unarmed. And you referred to the shelling coming from the east and also from the north from the north from the north. Yes, and this was all Ethiopian government forces. Was it the north is actually only 200 M from the border to Eritrea. So are you saying that the shelling was coming from over the border in Eritrea? Definitely. Definitely. They were coming from Eritrea and Lance as well. There are fish is who I am treating right now, who were actually attacked? Their property is taken and their houses burnt by the Eritrean forces. Dr Terrorist a fairer speaking to Julian Marshall from Sudan. You're listening to weekend on the BBC World Service. Now, as I mentioned, we have two guests with us throughout the program. They are Luna tile. She's a Danish writer. Crime novelist. And journalists who joins us from a studio in Copenhagen and Andreas Cellar. He's a professor of chemistry, a university college, London and a broadcaster came to make chemistry understandable and relevant to more people. It's great to have you both on this program to follow the stories that have caught your attention recently and to see what sparked Your mind's loan it you've been tracking the mink farm crisis in Denmark that's emerged in the past month. That's the story that first came out when the Danish authorities announced they would be introducing lockdown measures and several areas of northern Denmark because of fears of a Corona virus mutation found in mink that could be spread to humans. The story has spiraled since then. Yes, it's almost been hard not to follow it because it's everywhere. Basically what happened was the governments that we need to put down all the minks and and reason they gave was that this was such a risk to human health. Not only in Denmark but worldwide and the message from the government was basically this could make potentially the northern part of Denmark than you've all gone so Round Ciro Foreign, you mutation, which would sort of hinder the vaccines for Corona to to actually be effective. So it seemed incredibly serious. And I think, uh, a time Everybody was like, right on board with this. Then what happened? What's that? They started to put down the minks and I mean, like Ming farming or not. Obviously, this was a really hard blow for the farmers because it was not only the animals that was sort of supposed to be, uh Giving first in a couple of months or Martha to on but also those animals. They have been breathing through generations, and it was just lost from one day to the other. So there was a hard blow for them. And obviously there was a lot of talk about how to compensate. Then there was a political problem off. Actually, the government didn't have the legal remedies to do this. They have sort of gone to Parliament and And and and they sort of just did it expecting the parliament to ratify that, But they didn't. So there is a big legal problem here. So right now we're discussing, you know..
Ethiopia: Tigray leader confirms bombing Eritrean capital
"Ethiopia has filled across the border with Eritrea. The leader of Ethiopia's Tigray region has confirmed firing missiles at air, curious capital to your eyes. Government has accused Eritrea of attacking at the invitation of Ethiopia after fighting erupted earlier this month. Joyal
Ethiopia's Tigray leader confirms firing missiles at Eritrea as fighting escalates
"The conflict in ethiopia spreading the country's borders a leader of ethiopia's region has confirmed firing missiles at air trae as capital to grow. Government has accused eritrea of attacking at the invitation of ethiopia's government after fighting erupted earlier this month but the prime minister says his country is more than capable of achieving its objectives in tigray by
"eritrea" Discussed on Dark Secret Place
"So now they're if they weren't in it before they're in it now and and now normally. This is the point where i mentioned at the end of the report. The possible religious aspect of this. Here's the deal. The overwhelming majority of ethiopians chelsea. I'm herrick ethiopians are coptic orthodox ray believe that jesus christ as the son of god came to earth and it said you know you know the you know the thing we hold these truths you know the thing well tigray as orthodox christian to may believe that jesus christ the son of god and came to earth plans man of the sense of you know the deal. So they're both christian and not description but like they're in the bible places in both countries in both regions are in the bible. I mean they're like pre bible and they are visiting some of the worst atrocities you can imagine. I mean as as really i would. I would rather be eaten by shark than be hatch. Hacked up with metcha tae better than fire but anyway this is kicked off a few days ago. What will it affect your daily life. Probably nothing did i mention that. The the prime minister of ethiopia. Abi ahmed who took office two years ago yeah. He won the nobel peace prize last year. So i if if you thought. Yasser arafat invalidated the seriousness of the nobel peace prize. Just wait till you get. A hold of ethiopia is trying to do to its breakaway region. Tigray because i don't know if If the nobel committee A one year warranty on those or something but if they do they may want to give notice to addis ababa because their prime minister is doing the opposite of peace and many say by the way many of his own domestic critics say that he brought this on himself with his treatment of this region. Tigray and they have the example of their hated neighbour. Eritrea which used to be part of ethiopia breaking away twenty five years ago. So if if you if you missed the complications of the balkans in the mid nineties and you wish you would go gotten in at the beginning like season one episode one of the mandalorian..
"eritrea" Discussed on Dark Secret Place
"The iheartradio. Empty rights dirk. Replace an extra. We'll get into the this. What's going on as we speak in washington. Dc with Basically unpoliced crowds of antifa fighting proud boys in our nation's capital so there's that well so a few days ago a conflict out of the clear blue sky with that's been building for several months Kicked off it kicked off in the breakaway Ezio paean province of tigray t. I g. r. a. y. The home of the tea grants. I'd never either. But i worked with a woman the university of washington medical center and i was making it up but she was from the retrea inside of of of the border era tree. Retrea is really bizarre reclusive nation. Look into it sometimes. Really weird But but they broke away from ethiopia. V twenty five years ago. Nineteen ninety five okay. So the there's a breakaway province. Tigray ethiopia is dealing with a lot of tension down river from the blue nile. Because they're building a dam any thea a hydroelectric dam. And it's going to affect the agriculture through the sudan and into egypt. Those two countries not real happy with the opium right now and the breakaway region of tigray which is ruled by the tigray people's liberation front the teepee aleph has just declared that they're not a part of ethiopia either and by the way they have become very quietly extremely well armed very well equipped. Very well armed well financed. And if you didn't know this this ethnicity has its own language sewn alphabet etcetera. They are not I am herrick. Like the majority or a most of ethiopia are am harz and they speak amharic and they right in their own unique alphabet which is also called 'em herrick and This conflict between these two ethnic goes back no not weeks but try thousands of years yes and legendarily the queen of sheba used to walk the land of and it descended to machetes a few days ago according to according to amnesty international that integrate about according to the world factbook and a about a two percent of the province of tigray is ethnic amharic the the majority of the open many hundreds were killed with machetes according to amnesty international meanwhile in ethiopia They have descended on ethnic t grades and on the same thing and just four style points or something. The neighboring nation of eritrea which is very hostile to ethiopia xavier. Long memory and that part of the world They've decided to get a mixed in with it against the t. grants as well so now. Ethiopia's to the south eritrea. Also ethnicity eritrean and they've both decided even though they hate each other to put aside their hate for a little bit so they can hate tigrayan so they're busy doing that. So what Did is they fired. Some of their their complement of medium range ballistic missiles.
"eritrea" Discussed on Dark Secret Place
"That all of a sudden putin imposes a ceasefire and then he deploys. Peacekeepers who are now in nagorno-karabakh between the genres and armenians and by the way the reason that people were storming the parliament and the president's office two nights ago in armenia was because your means think that their president capitulated too quickly that they don't agree with agreeing to the ceasefire and so i don't know last. The last i heard a hammy was packing up to go to moscow or something but The the armenian people aren't happy about this because it looks like an external force it was supposed to be their friend imposed a deal where they lose fifty percent of this enclave Apparently for his part president of turkey is effectively on the phone to azerbaijan. Saying and wouldn't it. Be fun to take what you've got. Wouldn't it be isn't fifty percent better than zero percent. Because there's there's no talk that they're they're going to negotiate a withdrawal of the other by janis out of this newly occupied land. So if like as i say if you're standing by for the american government to intervene trump this is the back of the back of the back burner And the incoming biden. Don't hold your breath. He's would be him falling in on a foreign policy mess it. It looks like turkey. Got away with a fast one and putin's tried to do damage control because erta ones number one foreign policy goal right now is to become the defacto military and religious leader of the muslim world. And by the way He's not a fan of iran. Iran has been trying to become that. And they're not because they're losing their asked to turkey in syria so things haven't gotten too complex because when we come back believe it or not a relatively simple to understand brand new conflict. In the horn of africa the the cradle of mankind out out ethiopia. way so Get your old testament out. Because this may involve the queen of sheba ethiopia and eritrea and a place. You may not have heard of course tigray right after this it is dark. Secret place Rapidly advancing conflict edition right after this. Kfi am six forty live everywhere on the iheartradio app. Look forty five. Were on.
"eritrea" Discussed on Dark Secret Place
"That iran was going to offer a one time where this was apparently if trump was reelected they were going to offer a jain orm ormuz event horizon sea change of middle eastern deal and it would be. We will get onboard. The train like sedan emerets bahrain. We will recognize that. Israel exists and pledge to no longer be the origin of aggression towards israel. Which is big with iran because they own hezbollah hezbollah in return. The united states releases all releases us of all unilateral sanctions and the un and then the united states and the security council proposes lifting all sanctions banking finance sanctions against iran. If we do this one thing and that would have been huge. Would've been absolutely huge and there are some who say the reason. Iran didn't do this back in august was because they they on the one hand didn't want to be seen assisting trump they were only gonna hold us out if trump was reelected trump was not reelected so that deal is probably off the table unless biden wants to earn it by giving iran all kinds of crap like the Like the obama carry nuclear deal. Did so now. This this is nothing is coming out of israel. Nothing came out of israel in eighty one when they bombed saddam's to with a nuclear research facility. It just happened one day at a mean. Remember the famous saying when reagan was briefed that Yeah the israelis just hit saddam hussein's nuclear power research yucatan bomb research facility in iraq. Reagan said well as will be boys that was his. He didn't know these relief. Were so good at keeping that under wraps even though they practiced it Okay so here's the difference. Israel has been practicing striking iran for fifteen years and I have to go back to romania As i'm typing in real time It was two thousand ten. Two thousand ten eight isreaeli siege fifty three helicopter that the navy marine corps call the sea stallion. The israelis call it have a different name for it. Yes sir And so which means I believe puff pastry with delicious fish. Filling they had crash romania. That's a long ways from israel. What was it doing in romania. It originated in israel. Why did crash romania Well as it turns out the distance from israel to the carpathian mountains in romania is very similar to the distance set isreaeli search and rescue assets would be forward deployed and then get to iran to the mountains north of iran. And wait. there's more The carpathian mountains are approximately the same topography. An altitude as the mountains north of tehran because the israelis would instruct their pilots if their aircraft struck but flyable To eject over those mountains and we will get you in the event that israel strikes iran. So they've been practicing this by the way that's a decade ago. They started before then. And this was when israel was sending a clear signal to iran where practicing to destroy your facilities before you make a bomb and this is how they did it. When the soviet union collapsed and became russia again the russians were cash. Poor they were selling some of their front line systems to anybody with money while they're frontline. Air defense system was at the time the s three hundred missile system and it was it was still very analogue and so it wasn't a real issue if a nato country bought it so along comes greece. Greece bought this russian system. The three hundred and brought it to greece to the island of crete. in fact. so what luck. There's a frontline russian system. But the warsaw pact no longer exists in fact..
"eritrea" Discussed on Dark Secret Place
"Kfi insecurity live where the radio app and if martians land and say who is bryan favorite beetle you may tell them as harrison verse because all things must pass all the battles added they all did solo efforts and i think paul mccartney and wings is crap but George harrison all things pass was out for some reason. My my daughter is has cluster friends. Who all vibe on th rock. And she comes running to me and says. Oh my god i just heard. The song about vikings is called the immigrants song from the led zeppelin. or whatever. And i'll say oh you fascinate me. Tell me more and it's funny. But anyway i we were driving home from genu- rahman here into lake yesterday after we looted to the tune of a lot of money and i said well because then she she discovered the beatles the way that eleven year olds do and i said further record. When they broke up. I was four k. So you know don't don't make it seem like old people. Music discovered the beatles circa eighty two eighty three. But anyway i told i i said i'm going to save a couple of years forty of development. We're gonna skip right to george harrison. All things must pass his albums. So now i've my job's done tell you what this is a longer subjects will get into it next hour. Israel's evidence that israel is looking at the outcome of the american election and and they have reached a decision point with the kingdom of saudi arabia. The united arab emirates and everyone who's not iran. And i'll tell you what that will be Also this conflict that you're gonna start. Seeing headlines about in ethiopia involving a part of ethiopia that many people never ever heard of. But it's an actual ethnicity So real quickly. I participated in. Something really really cool. I've never seen this before but there is a app and a website called Senior s. c. e. n. e. r. Like seeing but with an r at the end and this is amazing. What what. I did was a buddy of mine and a naval history professor in england they invite people to download senior and watch the nine thousand nine hundred fifty six fifty seven classic bridges at toko. Re the william holden color movie about naval aviation in the korean war. Grace kelly as a william holden wife. So what happened. Was everyone syncs up. And he'll say okay. Whatever you're on netflix amazon. Hulu or or you're watching on your tv everyone at up to ten seconds in and we'll watch the credits together. So then what happ- it's like zoom meeting where you're all sitting in watching the same thing. And so you're you're getting you know the director's cut narration that you use against laser discs and all that kind of like that and and so the guy who organized jack mccain. Who is a naval reserve helicopter pilot knees in san diego tonight Jack how you doing. I told him i would talk about this. But he's doing night..
Diplomats: Rockets fired at Eritrea amid Ethiopian conflict
"Capital is Mara say rockets have been fired into the city from Ethiopia in a major escalation of the conflict between Ethiopian government troops on local forces in Ethiopia's Tigray region. The attacks, which cannot be independently confirmed game after an official in the Tigre region threatened missile strikes on Eritrea. Thousands of
Ethiopia: a Nobel Peace laureate goes to war
"There is no hostage to fortune. Quite like the nobel peace prize. Just as the peacemaker of today you can often be the munger of yesterday. They can also be the warmonger of tomorrow. Abi ahmed. Prime minister of ethiopia was two thousand and nineteen nobel peace laureate recognized for finally ending eighth european hostilities with its neighbor and former province eritrea a year later ibm prize. Looks like one of the nobel. Peace committees hastier. Garlanding along with those of yasser arafat. Suu she and henry kissinger ethiopia is at war with tegray. A region in the country's north the immediate cause was to graze decision to hold in september a local despite being told not to by abbey national government sheduled elections across the european were postponed due to the covid nineteen pandemic behind that lies to gray and resentment of amid efforts to reduce to graze dominance of ethiopia's national politics before abi ahmed became prime minister. The to gray in people's liberation front had effectively governed all of ethiopia for nearly two decades. It's hard to know exactly what is going on into gray right now. Phones down. the internet is off. It's not much easier to speak to theo. Paeans elsewhere in ethiopia several people. We asked to participate in this program. Responded that they were simply too scared but over the news there is none of it is good
Ethiopia's conflict spills over border as thousands flee
"This week, he sent federal troops into a province of his own country. Hundreds are reported dead in the northern region of Tigre and refugees air spilling over the border into Sudan. So what explains the shift from peace to conflict? Michelle Gavin is a former ambassador and senior fellow for African studies at the Council on Foreign Relations. Ambassador Gavin We're talking about the Ethiopian province of Tigre, where the violence is happening. It's squeezed into the northwest corner of Ethiopia. Figure it straddles the border of Eritrea to its north. What is so important about Tigre relative to the rest of Ethiopia? Well for many years, the Tigre and People's Liberation Front that sort of dominant political and military entity in Tigre was really first among equals in the ruling coalition for all of Ethiopia so to Graham's played an incredibly prominent role in Ethiopian governance, politics, security But with the rise of the new Prime Minister Ahmed There's been a bit of a re balancing in Ethiopia. And this is kind of opened up contest station from ethnicities across this incredibly diverse country. And there has been kind of widespread feeling that for too long, a small minority from Tigre had too much control of the federal government. So there's political tension between Tigre and Addis Ababa. Are there also historical grievances between two grand central government that we need to mention? I mean, is there a back story here? Tigre is now fighting at us. There's a lot of back story Ethiopian and certainly to Gran's were and incredibly, they weren't just dominant, politically and in the security services for many years, certainly under the leadership of Prime minister malice, But they also suffered most in the long and very costly in blood and treasure war with your tria. So there is there's also you know, a sense of probably grievance in that sense. Abby's come to power they feel targeted by new personnel choices by new policy choices. What maybe others in Ethiopia see as a re balancing the Tigre ins can often feel like persecution despite the tremendous sacrifices that they have made for the country. There are reports from Tigre oven. Ethiopian air campaign heavy bombardment at times. I mean, what's at stake here as far as you can tell ambassador Is it a possible civil war between two grands and Ethiopian troops? There is Tigre saying. We've had enough. We want independence. How should we interpret what's going on? We should absolutely be worried about a civil war, which I don't think would necessarily be contained just Teo, the Tigre region, giving all of the other tensions and actors. So what's at stake? You know the wellbeing of over 110 million Ethiopians. Regional stability. Conflict in Ethiopia has a very high chance of drawing in Eritrea. Sudan, tipping the balance of Sudan zone very fragile transition. Ethiopia's incredibly important actor in trying to bring stability to Somalia to South Sudan distracted and weekend. Ethiopia is really quite devastating, Tio this entire horn region which is strategically really significant, and there are a lot of actors external to Africa. In the Gulf, the Chinese and from the West, all of whom care deeply about stability in this region, so the prospect of drawing others in of proxy conflict it's really a powder keg, and the consequence will not be confined solely to what's happening inside Ethiopia's borders. Michelle Gavin, senior fellow for Africa Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations. She also served as ambassador to Botswana from 2011 to 14. Ambassador Gavin Thank you very much. Thank you.
Latest On A Military Conflict In Ethiopia
"Prime minister, Maybe Achmed won the Nobel Peace Prize. And yet less than a week ago, he launched military operations in the country's northern region. Now that conflict is threatening to turn into an all out civil war. NPR's later Peralta walks us through what's happening and later to begin. Give us a sense of why the prime minister had won the Nobel Prize. He changed everything in Ethiopia. I mean at home, he ushered in a raft of democratic reforms, and then he also made peace with Ethiopia's mortal enemy, Eritrea. During his Nobel lecture, he talked about how he fought in that war, and he called it the epitome of hell. Let's listen to a bit of that speech of Sin Brothers slaughtering brothers on the battlefield. I have seen all their men, woman and Children trembling in terror under the really short ofthe bullets and alterations. You are makes for betterment, heartless and savage mint, he says. War makes for Bitterman heartless and savage men and when I became to power, people on the streets of Ethiopia told me that he was sent by God and now He has started this new conflict in the same part of the country where this war between Ethiopia and Eritrea happened and his air forces now bombing targets in his own country. What's the cause of the conflict? And at this point, how bad is the fighting? So it's complicated because, but it's essentially a power struggle. Document came to power in 2018 after huge popular uprising, and one of the things that he did was dismantled Ethiopia's ruling party, which had run the country with violence and brutality for almost 30 years, the guys who ran the show, where the TP left the Ti Guy People's Liberation Front. And they were sidelined. Since then, Abby has accused them of destabilizing the country by stoking ethnic tensions. Abby's allies have accused them of assassinations, including one attempt against Abby himself in last week. The government says that the TPLF sent forces to attack a federal military base, and that's when Abby ordered his army into the ticket region. Now how bad the fighting is, has been hard to report because the government has shut down phone lines and the Internet is often the region. I'm still waiting for a visa. Reuters, which does have reporters on the ground eyes reporting, hundreds are dead on each side. Sudan State media has also said that many refugees have started fleeing to their country. So it's serious. What are the TV I fighter saying at this point, it's It's a lot of bravado. They're calling the government dictatorial and treasonous. And those are the same words that the government is using against them. And they say that they're open to talk. But at the same time, you know, they also say that if they're hit hard, they plan on hitting back Justus hard. Either. We talked about the threat of civil war. How higher the stakes here they're huge. Some analysts say that this could be like Yugoslavia where Ethiopia breaks up in Ethiopia, by the way, is The second largest country in Africa by population, and the conflict also has the potential to draw in Eritrea and even Sudan, and if it's protracted, it can really destabilize the region that is already super vulnerable. And we can't really think of thiss as just a regional government against a powerful federal government. I mean, this is really one well armed, well trained military against another well armed, well trained military in a really fragile A place in Africa. That's NPR's ater. Peralta speaking to us from Nairobi. Thank you. Thank you. A
Ethiopia to replace Tigray region leadership as forces clash
"Let's move to Ethiopia, which is currently technically in a state of civil war. On Thursday, the Ethiopian military and officials in the northern Tigre region accused each other of instigating a civil conflict that has seen fighting between government soldiers and troops loyal to the regional administration. In a televised address early on Wednesday, Ethiopia's prime minister Abbiamo accused the local government of attacking federal troops, and he said the region's ruling party, the Tigre, People's Liberation Front, or TPLF, were traitors. We're going to the National Defense Force that has been in the bunkers for the past 20, plus years defending its people and the country by paying heavy sacrifices with its blood and flesh has been attacked this evening in Michael. And many other places by traders and the force they organized. The army has been attacked from behind by its own citizens, and many have been martyred, wounded and properties destroyed. This force of destruction has been engaged in many counterproductive activities for the past many months. The regional president of Tigre. Debra Montgomery kill, has described the actions of the military as an invasion were joined on the line out from Addis Ababa by William Davison. He's a senior analyst on Ethiopia for the International Crisis Group. Thank you for joining us. What's the latest that you're hearing how many casualties in the fighting? Well, actually, the number of casualties of fatalities is one of the things that is not clear. There is still a communications blackout across Tigre. But there are certainly casualties being reported from the hospital visits and outside the thing. Essentially, we have an active conflict, a CZ you've clearly described in the introduction. The fighting has been concentrated in West too great so far has bean incursions by the federal military from West agree that Paul is the horror region on horror regions. Forces have also been involved. To some extent. I think it's worth noting that degrades main supply route would be through West a great and into Eastern sedan reported on so that perhaps explains the focus of that fighting, and we've also seen small search skirmishes around medically. To grace capital and in the last day or so, that is involved air strikes by the federal military to try and take out military installations around metal. And that really indicates a major problem here, which is that part of the federal military appeared to be siding with a great vision. Can you explain a little bit of background to this? Why has this situation been allowed to reach to this state of hostility? Well, I mean offices that there's a very long political background to great region has a long history of autonomy to the central government, as well as being involved in central politics. More recently, TPLF was the preeminent party, the ruling coalition that lasted essentially until 2018 when Communist at the Army came to power. No off. He took power on the tplf. They lost a lot off their federal positions and power. And there were all sorts of accusations traded back and forth allegations of destabilization as we've heard what's on the TPL aside. They said that they were unfairly targeted prosecutions by the federal government and also discrimination and marginalization More general Then there was the creation of a national ruling party by prime minister Beyond the TPLF objected to that, Andi they sat it out, became formerly part of the opposition this year. This is evolved into an electoral dispute at the constitutional disputes. The federal government tried to extend all government terms when it delayed elections due to covered 19 Tigre opposed us. They run their own poll and that lets the federal government describing Tigre is government is unlawful and takeaways Government government, saying the federal government had overstayed its constitutional mandate. That is the buildup to the conflict We have now and William, you're seeing evidence now that the military in Tigre is siding with the Local government. Is that right? Yes, That's right. Like I say, information blackout. I can't be sure of exactly what's occurring on the ground. But yesterday, the federal government says that the military the air force to try to take out missile launches on missiles. Now that is Ethiopian military hardware. So that suggests either elements of what is called the Northern Command a very powerful units of Egypt's military that has been fighting the war on manning the border with Eritrea that suggested either elements Since there have defected or otherwise under the control of the secret leadership. Otherwise, the air Force would not be bombing those installations. This is a major piece of the puzzle in terms of the balance of power here, and it suggests that we could be entering a protracted conflict that is a conflict that is likely to escalate, it could destabilize Ethiopia and its armed forces it could bring in Eritrea. And it could generally destabilize the entire region. This is why dialogue and some form of talks is absolutely in Paris, and
"eritrea" Discussed on Many Roads Travelled : (Solo Female) Travel Podcast
"It's just giving you an update of the situation. They're trained now. Which is very sad to find this out. Basically the first president of eritrea. Like i said i was there for independence so their independence days may twenty four and the first one was nine hundred ninety three well. He's turned out to be basically a complete dictator a whole. Yeah i makes me so sad because the people were so happy time. But i guess apparently his twenty six years of being a dictator president. There's like no civil rights. There is no legislator legislation. there's no judicial like independent judicial rights. Like it's the it's with. I guess now trays known as the north korea of africa which is heartbreaking. And they'll just arrest people. Are you know for whatever nyman tell them many times and throw them in jail for years or even just literally disappear not seen again and also it's law that every every eritrean at the age of eighteen has to do at least two years of military service risk but many of these people can kind of shift over to civil know working privately and publicly building things as forced laborers and also with the when they get arrested like set torture and people go missing or just get killed. It's it's so sad i guess. Twelve percent of the population of Has laughed so they have a high concentration of refugees eritrean refugees around the world because of this bastard basically and also in the war with their trachea. A third of the soldiers were women. It's rather heartbreaking. So if you like. I have a problem with cut to countries with like a moral problem. Obviously i don't like to support dictators in any which way and that's the reason why for example i have never i haven't been to north korea or russia or china and i'm actually an degrees in chinese medicine but i fell in love with tibetan people and plus the tries a lot of other pretty bad crop especially human rights..
"eritrea" Discussed on Many Roads Travelled : (Solo Female) Travel Podcast
"Last couple of nights so he did that. So i actually had a good night's sleep but of course we're up at six morning again these early mornings. We're becoming a ritual. That i was at loving. But you gotta do what you gotta do so day. One hundred nine we head off to find to the box station again kept there and find out. They're not leaving to later that day for. I don't know for some reason so we were like okay but then someone else said. Oh we this this half ton truck is leaving like very shortly if you want to get that in. It's going to testimony which is just on the other side of the border in eritrea. Seeing it on that instead. So we're like okay fine so yeah just the four of us piled into the back of this huge like well half ton truck we. Yeah we left. So we're like okay. That's great well. Of course we kept stopping at picking up more more people so by the end of it. There's at least sixteen people back this truck three in the front who was like. Oh my again but it was only about two to three hours so that was okay. So we get to the border. We're fine if you remember the last episode we had our five step plan right to get into the sudan into train t opio so this was okay so we get there and it's like a little tiny huts on this dirt road with a rope across it. That was the border. So we got no problem. Gonna tear Country ted this trip step four completed now step five was the tricky one because that was the going into theo pia because after loads of craziness we finally got the visa but it had stamped the top air. Only because time you couldn't go into ethiopia by but you can travel by land in it and you could lead by land but just can enter by land which is ridiculous red tape nonsense..
"eritrea" Discussed on Many Roads Travelled : (Solo Female) Travel Podcast
"We are going to be leaving. Khartoum finally after nine days and heading out to saleh sudan and then going into eritrea country number. Ten on this trip from paris take capetown My three thousand mile road trip so before we crack on. Let's just talk a little bit about my podcast journey that you're also on with me and we are up to fifty one different countries. My listeners are from which is amazing. As you know trying to get to seventy six countries from this nurse Which is about well same countries big too so we are doing great the top five countries this week. Well we have a new double wide. Hello usa so congrats you never would thank you so much Picture you vote. That's coming up next week at number two is by hope Candidate up number three is the uk which is my second home and number. Four is france and number five is india. My third country home country. I guess and review for the week is from chris justice. Thank you so much at says. I just finished listening to all episodes are up to date so much enjoying it. The time in sudan seems very tough. But you did it. I am sure you carry that experience with you for the rest of your life and makes you stronger. I can't wait to hear what's next. Keep it up. He are a great storyteller. That means a lot to me. Thank you so much. Especially those days. When i'm sick or hung over so i appreciate it. If you like leave review head over to my website. Many roads traveled dot com. And you can leave comments on my website or in apple or stitcher or facebook page. Many roads traveled to wells for my american friends in traveled Okay so let's pick up where we last left off which was just leaving khartoum and like say if you're just joining you might want to go back to episode one and join me on the whole shebang okay. So it's day one hundred and six so far on this trip and we got the bus In the early in the morning and we is my friend. Casey who i left with. We're still together traveling together. And we also had met an american couple not in aaron so the four of us we got a bus to casella sudan which took about eight hours so we got into casale at three fifteen pm and then we just jumped in a mini van to to the city centre air. Tonight we let the boys do the work for change so we stayed with the bags and the boys would hotel hunting. And casey fan us our usual cheerful which really means cheap and cheap and it was like under two dollars at the time sunnis pound. It was about one hundred. Eighty two two hundred sudanese pounds to you dollar now to twenty twenty. It's about fifty five at our hotel which was hotel to -til with less than two dollars a night..
Ethiopias struggle to stay united
"Ethiopia has split once before in nineteen ninety-three. Eritrea Ethiopia had annexed in one, thousand, nine, hundred, sixty, two voted to secede after a decades long war for its independence. That break was not a clean one. Another war between Ethiopia and Eritrea followed in the late Nineteen Ninety S. After which retrieve retreated into isolation militarization and paranoia because a sort of North Korea on the Red Sea. Ending hostility between Eritrea and Ethiopia officially accomplished as recently as two thousand eighteen was considered such a feat of deploying the see that it one. Recently, arrived Prime Minister B amid the Nobel. Peace Prize. I was a young soldier when well broke out between Utopia and. I witnessed firsthand the ugliness of war in frontline battles. There are those suave never seen war, but glorify romance is it They have not seen the fear they have not seen the Arctic. They have not seen the restriction or break nor are they failed the mournful and bitterness of war after the carnage WAR IS EPITHELIAL FAIL FOR ALL INVOLVED Ahmed may now face another test of his diplomatic capacities to stop another portion of Ethiopia setting up shop on its own this week the Ethiopian state of Gray held elections despite instructions from the federal government not to. Federal government prefer to correspond election because of the COVID nineteen. But the people of to. Know that the reason for postponing the election is not covid nineteen. We believe that it's political than the heads issue. So and we know how much we paid for such an election to happen or to occur. And the government the people to have paid the lives of sixty thousand people we don't want to pay lives. In order to have the constitution that we have already, we know that this is a threat to the constitutions that we have it some twenty years back. To agree is easier appears northernmost region lying along what is now the westernmost stretch of the border with era that tegray has issues with the government in outer suburbs that can be gleaned from the briefest survey of the composition of Ethiopia's national parliament the house of Peoples Representatives Ov- it's five hundred and forty seven seats five, hundred twelve occupied by the Prosperity Party a unity coalition assembled late last year by Ali Ahmed. The thirty five a held by the People's Liberation Front, and now more than ever there might be a clue in the name. To understand how we got here a brisk through the. backstory is probably in order. The teepee Aleph was founded in one, thousand, nine, hundred, seventy, five shortly after the military coup in Saba, which overthrew emperor highly selassie and installed the brutal Linens Junior, which became known as the Doug. was only two years ago that people were able to give vent the grief that shattered every family during the seventeen silent years a fear under the regime of Mengistu Highly Marian. These are the relatives of Mengistu's first victims members of highly selassie imperial government executed without trial in November one, thousand, nine, hundred, seventy, four, the year, Mengistu begun his bloodstained rise to power. The spent his formative years waging war against the Derg, and as is the way of revolutionary movements other tegray in revolutionary movements. When the Doug was finally toppled in one, thousand, nine, hundred, ninety, one. Were at the forefront of the forces which changed the regime and they made certain to stay there. Though members of the Tigrayan. Ethnic group account for barely six percent of Ethiopia's population that. was a huge influence on the eighth. European politics. In the subsequent decades, it was a dominant part of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic. Front. The coalition which governed from the fall of the Derg until Abi Alma dismantled last year and reassembled at as the Prosperity Party
The First UN 'Solidarity Flight' Is Bringing Much-Needed COVID-19 Medical Supplies to Africa
"The first of the UN's at new solidarity flights carrying urgently needed medical equipment has arrived in Addis. Ababa agencies said on Tuesday on board the World Food Program with World Health Organization Charter. Jet Are one million facemasks along with gloves goggles. Ventilators and other essentials. There's enough equipment to protect health workers while they treat more than thirty thousand patients across the continent. It's to be distributed in five other countries. Initially Djibouti Sudan Eritrea. Somalia and Tanzania said Well Food Program spokesperson Elizabeth this. This is by far the largest single shipment of supplies single stopped of the pandemic and it will ensure that people living in countries with some of the weakest F systems are able to get dressed and treated while ensuring that health workers on the front lines are crop elite protect. Wbz's flights part of a larger effort to reach ninety five countries most at risk from the new corona virus with medical equipment and humanitarian workers to do this. Wfp has appealed for three hundred fifty million dollars. It has so far only received a quarter of that amount
"A lot of playing board games these days and that's pretty fitting human making board games for a long time like a long longtime seven thousand years or more for a bit of historical context. We stopped hunter-gathering and settled down to be farmers about ten thousand years ago rather than try to cram seven thousand years in six occupied continents worth of history into a half hour podcast. I'll hit some of the high points. Especially the less well-known once the earliest gaming pieces ever found are forty nine. Small carved painted stones found a five thousand year old burial mound in southeast Turkey. Similar pieces have been found in Syria and Iraq and seemed to point devoid games originating in the Fertile Crescent. You remember the Fertile Crescent from the first week of world history class. It's the same region discovered alcohol invented papyrus and made calendars all of which you need. If you're hosting game night other early dice games were created by painting a single side of a flat. Stick these sticks would be tossed at once and that would be your role Mesopotamia. Dice were made from a variety of materials including carved knuckle bones would painted stones and turtle shells. No wonder folks used to say roll them bones dice from the Roman era. Looks like the six sided die. We use today though. Some of them had their corners. Cut off to be able to reach a higher number not unlike dungeons and dragons dice. Imagine excavating a distant Roman out host and finding a D twenty serious cricket board games became popular among the Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. And that shouldn't surprise. That board games were a bigger part of life for upper class people since they have both money for entertainment and time to play. Even before the first dynasty Egypt loved a game called Senate. It's even seen on. The walls of tombs and copies of the game are buried with noble people. Ancient Egyptians were strong believers in the concept of fate. And that your luck in the game of Senate meant that you were under the protection of the major gods of the Pantheon raw toe to toe Cyrus. The significance of the game is clear. The game play not as clear. Historians have made educated guesses as to the rules more on that later and Board Game. Companies have used those guesses as a jumping off place to make modern versions. Four Games also became tied into religious beliefs. One such game was Mahan played around three thousand. B C e Mahan was a protective God depicted as a snake with coils around the Sun God raw during his journey through the night the game and the God became intertwined. Tim Kendall and ancient Egyptian historian believes that it's not possible to know for sure with the information we have available whether the game was inspired by an existing deity or the Deity was inspired by the game. Many people think backgammon is the longest plate of all the board games with evidence that it existed around two thousand B C but there is an extant game. That is a little bit older. Relatively speaking the royal game of for the game gets its name from being found in the royal tombs of in Iraq. There was also a set found in Pharaoh. Tutankhamun tune the game. Play is simple but very familiar. You're trying to get all of your pieces around the board first thumping off your opponent's pieces along the way again. Proving there's nothing new under the Sun. The royal game of herb was played with four sided or tetrahedral dice. A D Four for the tabletop games out there. Even though the game's over four thousand years old amazingly we found a copy of the rules Irving Finkel the British museum deciphered cuneiform tablet and discovered. It was the rules for the Royal Game of Earth. He then saw a photograph of a nearly identical board game being played in modern India. That makes the Royal Game of Earth. The longest played game in history and there is a great video of Irving Finkel. Who has ever so pleasantly mad teaching youtuber or Tom Scott how to play Lincoln the show notes and a little clip right here. Because I just couldn't help myself. All sorts of evidence has come to live so that we know how this game was played and we can play it now with a great deal of excitement. Sometimes it brings out violence. Come Times it brings out savagery. I have to say that this so we've decided to bring in a member of the public. I can't remember the name on Tom. Scott I make videos about science technology in the world. Who's never paid this game before? I have never played this game before. I'm Gandhi swift overview of the walls. Hope he masses and I'm getting to play of course play gently at first because I don't say hi to hang I'm to wipe the floor with it wouldn't do it for me even discovered these rules and I'll throw in his mind. Game listing whitlow. Marta is similar to that question of modern. There were some minor differences s today. Each player has fifteen checkers and uses six sided dice to be the first to bear off. All of one's checkers. I confess that I am reading that. From a website verbatim. I know less about that. Yemen do cricket. Backgammon had a renewed surge of popularity in the nineteen sixties which is held longtime for a comeback. Thanks in part to the charisma of Prince Alexis. Obolensky the father of modern backgammon cigarette liquor and car. Companies began to sponsor tournaments and Hugh Hefner held backgammon parties at the Playboy Mansion. At the same time that the Romans were playing Latin backgammon. The Chinese were play. We she or you may have heard of it. Go Que- she may even predate the game of twelve markings and the royal game of Earth. According to legend which has a pesky habit of morphing into history quay g was created by the ancient Chinese. Emperor Yell to teach his son on Ju discipline. Concentration and balance the popularity of wage e grew throughout Eastern Asia especially in Japan. Which is where the name go comes from another ancient game which is still out there and a favourite of nearly every household in my family is the African game of Mangala in our modern parlance. Munkala refers to a specific game. But the name actually belongs to an entire genre of games a genre eight hundred traditional games strong. This family of Board Games is played around. The world is referred to as Sewing Games S. O. W. I N. G. Devotes the way that you pick up and drop the stones playing pieces like you were sowing seeds in the ground. The word Mukalla comes from the Arabic Nicola to move most one college games share a common structure where each player has gained pieces in divots on the board and moves them to capture their opponent's pieces leading them to also be called count and capture games. The boards can be wooden clay even just little holes in the dirt playing pieces of everything from seeds. Stones shells anything near at hand that fits in the holes. The earliest evidence of the game are fragments of pottery. Board found in Eritrea dated to the sixth century CE. Though if the games were played with seeds on wooden boards or pebbles in divots in the dirt the game could be even older. The absence of evidence is not evidence of absence after all that particular logical fallacy is called argument from ignorance at ignorant him. And it's not a good look now. We go to the land of ice and snow of the Midnight Sun. Where the hot springs flow Scandinavians played chess. Like game called. Nevin tough at least as early as four hundred see. I'm sure my clever listeners haven't forgotten that. Viking refers to the raids undertaken by a small portion of the population themselves called Viking US meaning kings table noth- Atoll was a war strategy game. The kings objective was to escape to the edge of the board while the opponents laurel objective was to capture him. The attacking force had the natural advantage at the start of each game. Perhaps mimicking a cultural mindset of a small group being victorious against a larger force like say a few boats full of Viking attacks against the army of an English King Scandinavians spread the game to Ireland Britain and Wales through. Let's call it. Unexpected cultural exchange archaeologists have also discovered that it was popular as far to the east as Ukraine.
East Africa's huge locust outbreak threatens regional food security
"To east Africa. Now where a wave of desert? Locusts is forming new swarms in Kenya Ethiopia and Somalia and threatening the main crop harvest in May and June the warning from the World Food Program or WFP follows an upsurge in Lucas colonies. That started in two thousand nineteen the worst in twenty five years for and Somalia and in seventy years for Kenya swamps have also spread to Eritrea Tanzania and Uganda and W P is especially worried for South Sudan the UN agency is trying to reach a five million people in need that this year but is two hundred eight million dollars. Short of the resources needed to mount an effective response according to WFP more than half of South Sudan's at twelve million people will face severe food insecurity at height of the annual hunting season from May to July and as many as twenty thousand people particularly in the worst hit counties of Duke and Kobo in Jonglei State face catastrophic food shortages between now and April.
A Climate Change Solution Right Under Our Feet
"Got into soil as an undergraduate student at the University of Osmar. This is Asmara at Bir. Hey she's a professor of soil bio geochemistry at the University of California and mirsaid where we went to visit her but her lifelong love affair with soil began in Eritrea. So when I started I was an eighteen year old student at the university. It didn't know really anything about soil. And I took an introduction to soil science course I was blown away at how that opened my world in my eyes. I was hooked still learning Asmara at fell in love with something that seems just like this every day brown thing we might occasionally get stuck to our shoes but really what is it. What is soil? It's a product of breakdown of rocks and also incorporated incorporates residues of dead plants and animals that used to live in the land before but the mixture of this breakdown products of rocks and residue of organic matter that lived creates these incredibly rich resource that we then every living thing on. The face of the earth depends on for our life for our livelihood for our food. Fiber needs in everything else. You can imagine there's only about six foot of this magical rock and residue mix covering the earth surface on average and so it's not very deep when you think about it in reality it's that thin veil that represents the difference between life and likeness in the system all this is beautiful and obviously incredibly fundamental life on earth and there's plenty we could and probably will say in the future about soil and food but this episode we're focusing specifically on the carbon and soil in carbon is continuously being exchanged between the soil and the atmosphere because when plants photosynthesis they take up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and then they use it to build their bodies and upon death the bodies in the bodies of every living things that consume the plants into the soil and get stored there are soil carbon basically carbon gets into the soil through two main butts. There's the plant matter itself when it dies but also while the plan is live its roots. Push out carbon-based sugars into the soil to feed microbes. Those microbes are also of course made of carbon. So that's more carbon the soil but like Asmara's said this is a cycle plants take up soil. Carbon use it for food and some of the carbon escapes back into the atmosphere some carbon just cycles through soil really quickly. It doesn't stay in the soil but some of it does. There are particular microbes that can help soil carbon get stuck together into clumps so it can't be consumed or escape to the atmosphere and there are particular soil minerals that react with soil carbon and form chemical bonds that also keep it from being consumed in released scientists call these clumps aggregates basically they're like little vaults some carbon might leak out of those vaults but most of it stays there for decades some of it stays for centuries so in a way you can think about the soil serving as the bank for Carbon Carbon comes in carbon comes out Just like we deposit money in our bank and then was drove over time. But if you deposit more than you withdraw than your bank account grows and the soil carbon over time basically grew because the system as a whole we were depositing more into the soil carbon bank than we were withdrawing but right now we're doing the opposite in the past our soil. Carbon Bank account was in good shape. We're talking geological time here but over billions of years more carbon got deposited than was released. That's what made places like the midwestern prairies. The world's great agricultural soils so fertile. But here's the thing in the past two Hundred Years. We've released a lot of carbon from soil. Scientists disagree about the exact amount but everyone agrees it's a lot billions and billions of tons. So how exactly did we lose all that carbon for soil bank account? What have we been doing since the war? The farmer has nearly doubled his production until today. He is beating himself and seventeen others. What made this greater increase possible. Power power made available through the farm tractor which meant greater efficiency modern agriculture and especially tractors. Anytime you break up soil and expose it those clumps. We talked about release. Their carbon in the past farming was more small scale and not mechanized so it causes less disturbance in the soil and so it released less carbon. But that's not how things work today. Tractors Rolling over fields and breaking them up so they can be easily planted that releases a lot of carbon quickly over a much larger area plus all these machines mean. We can farm a lot more land more quickly which means we release. Its carbon to the amount of land used for farming around. The world has grown exponentially especially since World War Two. Of course there are other things that expose and break up. Soil deforestation draining wetlands but agriculture is huge. A profound drop in Solar Ganic matter has happened virtually everywhere we've farmed no one contests this somewhere. Between thirty and seventy percent of the Solar Ganic matter is gone from agricultural fields after several decades once. You Start Farming Tim. Cruz is the director of research at the Land Institute in Salina Kansas and he says soil that has lost that much. Carbon is considered degraded so there was a recent report released by the UN that stated that close to about half of the world soil so now considered degraded half which is obviously not good. So why don't we stop with all the tractors in the plowing to understand why we need tractors our current system? Why we tear up the soil for all our crops. The critical thing to understand is that nearly all of our crops are annual plants. Annuals have to be planted each year and at the end of the season they die. Most plants in the world are not annual plants there. What's called perennials? They just grow and then one day after decade or hundreds of years in the case of trees they die. It's interesting note that there's almost no natural. Ecosystems that are dominated by annual plants in the world it just does not exist prairies forests savannahs deserts. Tundra and rainforests all of these ecosystems are overwhelmingly dominated by perennial species. And it's the roots of those species that developed the soils have the world most plants are perennials are of course some manuals in nature as well but if most plants are perennials. Why are nearly all the plans we use for food annuals to answer that we have to go back thousands of years to before the start of agriculture so when you start looking for grains to eat annual wild plants tend to have relatively large seed and relatively large amounts of them? Wild Bernal's tend to have lower C- deal so if you're looking for something to eat usually going to be attracted to that while Daniel Plant laid to haunt is a plant breeder who works with Tim at the Land Institute and he says our ancestors would have found these large seeded annual grasses bringing up in disturbed areas maybe like an animal wallow because that's the ecosystem that annuals are adapted to. They thrive on freshly churned up land but annuals turned out to have an even bigger benefit for our ancestors than just their grain size now of course thousands of years ago. They didn't know anything about genetics or breeding but they would have planted seeds of those annuals and then each year. They chose their favorites to eat and replant. Annuals were perfect. For this process you can get robbed cycles. Obstruction happening unintentionally. Because every year. It's going to have to come from a if you had perennials growing out. There very hard to just accidentally improve them improve their seats is because you just keep going back to the same old plants and harvesting them and they would never change so there was some sense to choosing annuals for our food crops but that choice locked us into tearing up the soil each year to make the kind of environment are food. Plants prefer so with agriculture. What we have to do is mimic disturbance so when I give a presentation to show a picture of volcano. 'cause that's kind of what we do every year. Now you're cultures we level everything we'd wipe out all above ground plant life and re seed our annual grain crop so you're starting from kind of biological ecological ground zero every year we do it. Some perennials mostly fruits and nuts that grow on trees. There are some wild grains like wild rice that's a perennial but eighty percent of all. Our crops are annuals and we locked into that way of growing food at the beginning. And we've lived this legacy when farmers plow their fields before sowing the seeds each spring that triggers a big withdrawal from the soil carbon bank because it busts open those aggregates that were guarding carbon safely in the soil. And when you break it open with with tillage plow disc microbes have access to that stored carbon and they have a heyday. They just start shout out and they eat up that Solar Ganic matter and they breathe out carbon dioxide in the process micro string and honestly a drink might not be a bad idea at this point because the impact of tilling the soil like this is pretty bad first of all like we said disturbing the soil releases a bunch of carbon into the atmosphere and then of course that carbon isn't available in the soil for the plans to use his food soil carbon is also critical for water storage because those clumps help soil hold onto water when the klumps break up the structure of the soil changes. It doesn't hold water as well. Water runs off the fields. Instead of thinking in and the soil runs off to erosion becomes a bigger problem so carbon storage and soya's good for many many reasons beyond climate change mitigation but also so carbon is really important in terms of climate. Change Mitigation. Because there's so much carbon and soil compared to the atmosphere the small change in the amount of carbon stores and soil can dramatically change the concentration of greenhouse gases in the earth's atmosphere and hence the atmosphere temperature and because so much of the earth is farmland a third of the entire planets ice-free surfaces farmland. That means changing the amount of carbon and agricultural soils would have an outsized impact. Carbon in soil is great for plants and great for the environment and so people have been working on ways to get more carbon into soil for a while but this focus on climate change is a new one because it's becoming clearer and clearer each year that we have to do something anything about our carbon emissions. So what do we do? How do we build our soil carbon backup? I mean the only way to get it back totally is to reverse the process totally and go back to how that organic matter was accumulated in the first place which involved perennial species and not disturbing the
Six more countries subject to Trump's expanded travel ban starting Saturday
"Today the trump administration's latest travel ban bars immigrants from Burma Eritrea Kurdistan in Nigeria's you don in Tanzania from entering the US the administration says all six countries have quote deficiencies in sharing terrorist criminal or identity information and quote this comes after president trump's original travel ban was blocked by the courts in two thousand seventeen until the U. S. Supreme Court upheld the president's right to issue
U.S. declares coronavirus health emergency, bars foreign nationals who visited China
"US is under a health emergency because of the coronavirus outbreak foreign nationals who pose risks of transmission temporarily barred from United States health and Human Services secretary Alex Cesar the risk of infection for Americans remains low and with visa and our previous actions we are working to keep the risk level three US airlines are stopping flights to and from China I'm typical wire AP digital news back in a moment new year's resolutions are hard but starting twenty twenty with the best entertainment during the Xfinity new year new gig sales is easy that's simple easy awesome click call or visit us today restrictions apply not available in all areas he's the crown about the British royal family and earlier than expected and has revealed its next and last queen show creator and showrunner Peter Morgan had said he expected to create six seasons but now things five is the perfect time and place to stop Imelda Stockton's been tapped to be the last actress to play Queen Elizabeth she'll take the crown in the fifth season from Olivia Colman who in turn succeeded Claire Foy the Johnson Johnson medical company takes a big loss in a California court over injuries linked to with pelvic mesh products the Associated Press is Jackie Quinn reports it's been ordered to pay more than three hundred forty million dollars in damages the order comes from a San Diego judge in a case argued in twenty sixteen by then Attorney General Kamala Harris she leads the company deceptively marketed the pelvic mass devices by concealing the risk of known complications which have included pain disfigurement incontinence and sexual dysfunction the California attorney general's office says this is the first time that a court has ruled Johnson and Johnson engaged in false and deceptive business practices the company has reached settlements in other cases I'm Jackie Quinn after months of unresolved issues leading to around two thousand flight cancellations Germany's left homes and a union representing cabin crew have agreed to a wide ranging arbitration process live towns only you fo union have been struggling to come to terms on issues including pay for some twenty two thousand cabin crew members on the union's legal status as a first mover live towns will extend layover times in Japan and South Korea and give employees a one time special payment of fifteen hundred yours each with the next monthly salary on the other side UFO won't call in the for the strikes until the arbitration process is concluded thirty first the city rejects the call to subpoena more witnesses and White House documents and president trump's impeachment trial here's a piece my cross in motion is not agreed to the Republican majority prevailed as the U. S. Senate voted late Friday afternoon against calling witnesses to testify in the impeachment trial of president Donald Trump the tally was fifty one forty nine with Republican Susan Collins of Maine at mit Romney of Utah siding with Democrats shortly after the vote Senate minority leader Chuck Schumer was blunt in his assessment if the president is equated with no witnesses no documents the acquittal will have no value the timing of the Senate vote squarely linked with politics the first in the nation Iowa caucuses are Monday and the president gives his state of the union address Tuesday night Mike Crossey up Washington the Senate will be back in session Monday centers having time to argue for or against conviction of president trump Monday and Tuesday a final vote has been set for Wednesday US citizens flown back from China's Wuhan province will be quarantine in the southern California military base amid a national health emergency because of the could not the virus that has emerged in that province health and Human Services secretary Alex Cesar says anyone coming from Wuhan will be quarantine others returning from China will be screened and asked to isolate themselves for two weeks these are actually fairly incremental measured steps on top of the stuff we've already progressively been taking the corona viruses killed more than two hundred fifty people in China infecting nearly twelve thousand mainly in China but also in a growing number of countries around the world that's the trouble said side that prompted the World Health Organization to declare the outbreak of global emergency three US airlines announce an end to flights to and from China starting on Sunday all flights to the U. S. from China will go to several seven major airports says AP news the trump administration curbing legal immigration from six more countries it says does did not meet security standards immigrants from Kurdistan Miramar Eritrea Nigeria Sudan Tanzania will face new restrictions in obtaining certain visas to come to the
Trump Administration Restricts Entry Into U.S. From China
"The US has declared a public health emergency it's also announcing significant entry restrictions because that new virus hit China which is also spread to some of the country's health and Human Services secretary Alex ETS are foreign nationals other than immediate family of US citizens and permanent residents who have traveled in China within the last fourteen days will be denied entry into the United States for this time the trump administration is announcing its curbing immigration for six countries more details from White House correspondent Greg clocks the department of homeland security officials say the six countries didn't meet security screening requirements for identification and information sharing newly announced rules restrict certain kinds of visas and the countries affected our Eritrea Kurdistan Myanmar Nigeria Sudan and Tanzania seven other countries are subject to a more strict ban the current restrictions are the third version of the president's travel ban and go into effect in
Trump expands travel ban to include Nigeria and 5 other countries
"Down the trump administration curbing immigration for six countries as part of an election year push but the movie isn't a full blown travel ban like Mr trump's initial order back in twenty seventeen department of homeland security officials say the six countries didn't meet security screening requirements for identification and information information sharing the new effort restricting of countries like go Eritrea here's expand Myanmar Nigeria Sudan
Trump's expanded travel ban targets six countries
"You the president orders new restrictions on legal immigration from six more countries we get more on that now from ABC's any field Robert ministration officials say they will restrict entry for immigrants from curves expand Myanmar Eritrea Nigeria's sued them and Tanzania this is not a total travel ban similar to the president's earlier order that angered Muslims the trump administration saying those countries don't meet security standards it is part of the president's push to further restrict legal
Trump's expanded travel ban targets six countries
"The trump administration is curbing immigration from six countries as part of an election year push but the movie is not a full travel ban like the president's initial order in twenty seventeen homeland security leaders say the six countries didn't meet security screening requirements for identification and information sharing the new effort restrict certain kinds of visas from Eritrea care to stand Myanmar Nigeria Sudan and Tanzania seven other countries are also subject to a more strict ban the current restrictions are the third version of the president's travel ban and those new restrictions come as the president tries to show progress on immigration
"eritrea" Discussed on Here & Now
"A peace deal has been signed between ethiopia and airtran after a twenty year standoff between the two countries in east africa editor peralta is npr's east africa correspondent he joins us from nairobi kenya ater why did this conflict start in the first place i mean i it's complicated as a lot of these things are i mean one of the interesting parts about this conflict is that ethiopia eritrea v share poulter but you also have centuries of slights between these two sides and that bubbled into a border dispute and that turned into a trench war in the late nineties that killed tens of thousands of people you know part of why it's lasted so long is that we still have many of the same players the opium is still ruled by the european people's revolutionary democratic front and airtran is still ruled by president east isf worke so how did they come to an agreement now now to end this they've called it a no war no peace situation between the two countries ever since the violence that you were talking about i i mean there's there's one person ibm it and he is the the new reformist prime minister of ethiopia and he has just been taking this region by storm he's made changes that few people thought possible and then he made a very key decision which was there was a peace deal signed in two thousand that ethiopia never fully implemented in he announced that ethiopia was going to implement it without any preconditions and he gave back this little town to era trail he said he would give back this little town terror trail that had sparked this border war and then these two men met they hugged and all of a sudden phone lines that had been dead for two decades they came alive and and you know some analysts are comparing it to the fall of the berlin wall part of like the beauty of all of this is that they have a very similar culture i mean in some ways indistinguishable culture the same religion the same official language this war has not only killed lots of people but it separated families people between ethiopia eritrea they communicate secretly they can't send money to each other and so this fine of relationships will probably lead to people being able to see their family members again and that's the sort of more beautiful part of this what does this mean in the broader picture in africa which is a continent with so many different conflicts going on what does it mean that these two have resolved their differences to some degree i mean you know interestingly ib again the prime minister of ethiopia has played a role in trying to get the two leaders of south sudan the two warring leaders of south sudan to talk to end this conflict which has has displaced millions of people in it's the biggest displacement since the the rwandan genocide in one thousand nine hundred four until i think if you look at this regionally it sets a different tone that long running conflicts can come to an end and i think this gives abi achmat especially some credit regionally i in maybe you know sets the tone for for the negotiations in south sudan npr east africa correspondent ater peralta talking with us about a peace deal that's been signed between ethiopia and era trae thank you so much thank you.
"eritrea" Discussed on Monocle 24: The Globalist
"East african civil war but this is a very significant story about the relationship between ethiopia eritrea they've had an ongoing conflict now for about twenty five years i it's particularly over at this border between the two countries that the era tree in essence four for independence which had gained in nineteen ninetythree but in the process of the civil war about eighty thousand people were killed there was a peace agreement signed between lebron era tria in in two thousand but that agreement has never been respected particularly on the side that the agreement basically boiled down to chain where the border is located ethiopia refused to recognize that in the last twenty four hours ethiopia have said that they will hand over the keyboard town of batman and which in essence means that this two thousand peace agreement can canal go ahead and the reason i think this changes happened is basically because of a change in ethiopia leadership back in april at new prime minister in a new ruling party who had taking a completely different approach to their relationship with eric tree so it shows that a change at the top can bring all sorts of changes in the wider region and this new leadership seeking to prioritize theo p is economic development and the the government sensing are feeling the era train border dispute has been holding theo pia bank in dade i guess they feel that these big symbolic questions over national sovereignty much less important than than just facilitating trade with one of our major neighbors but also improving if yo appiah's international standing and i think this shows a new open outlook by the new york in government okay talk to me about smelting metal yes this this is an article in the city morning herald the morning you have to get a few paragraphs down in the story i think to see that the whitest significance of it what boils down to is the country's largest.
"eritrea" Discussed on WAFS Biz 1190
"Daca now back to the date of eritrea right here on biz eleven ninety can i really am a gadget heard i do love gadgets i am really obsessed with alexa and all of the artificial intelligence staff and i'm i'm ready for it to get even better like siri just frustrated me let's be honest like i like the concept but she just never understood me she as she just she didn't get me she wasn't fail me but alexa she gets me most of the time not always the most of the time and when she doesn't always a little disappointed but anyway all that out because we are moving very much in that direction and if you're just joining us of course we were talking with brian naylor from sprint just a few minutes ago about pepper the robot you can now by those from sprint for your business so i twenty five thousand dollar so it's not like the kind of thing you're going to buy and have it home yet but prices come down remember the first like cd players back in the day there were five grand now you can buy a cd now if you don't even need us he player anymore but if you one of when you could buy one for like forty bucks now and they were five grand so the twenty five thousand dollar robots probably not going to get down to sixty bucks but it will probably get down to something more reasonable 10 grand you know and then people are going to start having him in more places more stores and and at home and whatever else but uh it it just sort of shows you where we're headed it was just i think a week ago or so we were talking about the flak duck robot made for kids with cancer and has it you know it also can understand mood and make it look there's some and touch and i mean they're really doing a lot of fascinating things with technology well apple is not going to get left behind in all of this they have and they all sort of all the company's sort of seem to go off in their various and sundry directions and apple wanting to get more now into health and.
"eritrea" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM
"Of israel and that's our formal name we've used informally anne frank and we've used that for a couple of reasons one is that people if they are not kept in israel in a sense israel is the sanctuary not our homes because in israel people have been relatively safe and responded to well and if you walk around places like cell tel aviv you see berry normal friendly interactions asylumseekers are doing so much better in israel that in any of the countries around us and that is why we have a special obligation to keep them in the sanctuary of this country number two is that it's because of an asylum seeker from eritrea who fled eritrea and he was in a refugee camp in ethiopia and there there was a small library in hugh red for the first time the diary of and frank he was so incredibly moved by it that he actually sat and translated the entire are your book into to grind you then with that managed in his backpack he fled this refugee camp in ethiopia and headed for israel on the road he faced such horrendous things it's even hard to imagine but the whole way as who is going through all of these harrowing experiences in egypt through sinai he kept saying to himself the people of and frank will protect me and i want that to be true and your attitude towards these african migrants is the same whether they be economic migrants or asylum seekers they are asylumseekers first of all like if you go to any country that that's properly processing people you find that close to 100 percent are found to be true refugees people truly in need of asylum do you have any sympathy of toll with the argument israel as a jewish state it is a jewish homeland and that the present solve these african migrants in the country's somehow or other dilutes that nation where told thirty six times in the bible to take care of the stranger to treat the stranger's a citizen them all you save you want a jewish state what a jewish state does is it thinks creatively about how to give sanctuary to people who need it now instead of acting like every other country in the world and thinking about imprisonment and deportation we can think of a third option and the third option is.
"eritrea" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM
"More i'm beginning to feel that those who colonized them no matter for how long or for how short appear appears to have a fact that their way people feel about who there dan what they way to staffed with how can you explain eritrea and ethiopia so so you're saying that however source of illogical the colonial borders were people have become to sort of think according to those borders yeah look at cameroon currently there is education glaring what was the british parts of cameroon they say the gimme needed by the francofonte area is now how long was the colonization of both the british or the air france and yet parts of color ruined i used to be quran is by the british now see the difference people and they want selfdetemination in fact they want independence the orange is the seat and it's all over the around the continent and i'm just wondering how we add defining who we are accepted that having sat there from the south sudan example i don't think the adb lord' had anything to do with we'll have clear nice them navy that that that one doesn't fall into the category degree of what i'm seeing where your retirement and yeah it just this one other important point the african union when it started as i understand that said no changes to borders i mean that was the key principle right and that's that's being breached at the formation of the oau less then was of the nutrition of african unity one of the binding prison the polls was that they would day their colonial borders this what steps it if you ask me because many of these borders need no sense whatsoever people's you'll had borders where someone is kitchen was in one country and the bathroom was in and now they're all over all of that continent teachers like that that day and i thought to that at that time when people were now getting independence he could have been a little difficult that it might have been a little easier to have bitten the bullet then an dan's some not all of them there could never have satisfied everybody but redrawn assembled these bodies at the time that it took the.
"eritrea" Discussed on WTMA
"In the coming decade as the petroleum prices remained low and social prices and defence prices across rutger continue to rise and how will they do this greg racists of round up an expulsion are are they giving people tickets home to they just deprived them of their residents cards so they can be deported arrested and deported in mass well it it's been underway for some time the deportations particularly to a hold of africa countries somalia somaliland ethiopia eritrea uh and it's been in a very messy process uh and i believe that most people have to fund their own uh exits but if prince mohamed is gay to get his way i think they're gonna have to start engaging in uh elliott uh by saudi aircraft or saudi chartered aircraft to get people oh out of the of the kingdom uh it's not going to be easy we took music have at least a half a million ethiopians uh a couple of days ago they saudi gobert actually said that they had plotted and fifty thousand ethiopians slated for deport deportation uh but uh but it affects it'll go a willett above the it and if european deportation to be underway put some time it retrial at even more difficult situation so uh for them because the none of them want to give back to eritrea because the country is in desperate straits economically right now and the government is pushing young men particularly the old man of all ages actually into conscription if the armed forces and keeping them there indefinitely it reminder of the old as practice of of conscripting people and giving them from twenty to forty years in the horses well that's what's going on in what what will this this large number flowing out of the country what will that due to yemen or two era traia which are volatile to begin with will hit a willett deepened the crisis at home willetts solvit can the government refused to accept its own nationals i'm talking about our trey ethiopian yemen i didn't think though with the country who refused to accept their own national old but the problem is foot pirlo the people being deported from saudi arabia is that they could face arrest and detention in their home countries in ethiopia or try i say in some in yemen the situation is what will fluid because we would conflict and actually the deportation of yemenis literally pushing them across the.
"eritrea" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM
"The smuggling networks across the mediterranean you mention them from libya and other places as migrants from africa try to get to europe this is off the horn of africa can you describe how these networks operate in why do people from ethiopia or eritrea or somalia wanna go to yemen a series of motivation watercourses they're all fleeing abject poverty as you know oh there's a drought in several of these countries were actually a famine has been declared in an and four or five countries by the secretarygeneral some of them are fleeing other for other reasons basically there are economic migrants looking for work are they're not going to yemen they hit adm and they're heading to the gulf countries particularly saudi arabia about five years ago i went to aboke in djibouti to establish of migrant reception centre to try to council them about the risks and dangers of smuggling but if you cannot then at the same time offer them a job they simply continue their journey and then for years and years now we end up flying most of them back home out of yemen because they never gonna get into any of the gulf states particularly saudi arabia what are these smuggling networks like and what kind of risks are they willing to take for the lucrative trade that you're describing well eight is exactly that a lucrative trade they are internally with the international criminal networks the ones running drugs and guns as i mentioned the problem has weather's should three problems you're one is the preventive measures we can take information campaign strategist read the word secondly is trying to protect the victims and we we've protected and sent home thousands and thousands of victims of trafficking and smuggling but the weak spot in all of this frankly is the prosecution we end up catching the small minnows but never the big fish and that ethic is the biggest thing cracking he into that network and frankly trying to break up their business ma will will which depends on poor people fleeing looking for work who end up either.
"eritrea" Discussed on Reveal
"I do agree having on right now even even me la conventions yet but the biggest one like you know it seems like it's going to be the the fares one going to be in the path of light but mad venture list uh i i'm i'm i'm not sure i'm sure that you have lived much more difficult adventures before the eit's yeah that but that was it wasn't play keno advisers because things you to say that by will lives it was a risky situation i knew put your life on the line so that one you know it wasn't on my own hats yeah it's swisscanadian risky in darfour on inle via indeed useful things we will never forget libya is the gateway to europe uh the situation is that there is a war there the situation is not stable so it's very good for mafias and smugglers so refugees especially from eritrea ethiopia and sudan libya to libya to a truly take makeshift boats that that are gonna take them to italy it before they with us in a bullets the seat you know they feet p paul and the foods very bad and the place back to you paying online and after that they would treat you the bat who had gone up yeah what does it mean a few obvious me slave this is this is this world you always here in italy in the black if you're black buddy or person aleve yet he going to hear this word the lots a law that they're in libya that really dan bad very bad action so what we're gonna do today for you fund sorry come again i told him this seemed like fun compared to libya that's what i'm telling you that saddam selling you i tell you it's not it's not that three ski or it's not that bad you see.