10 Burst results for "Emeritus Professor Of English"
Interview With Prof. James McGaugh
"By guests. Today's professor james mcgill. Who is imminent is professor of neural. Biology and behavior accused of california. Irvine he is so so fellow at the centre for the biology of learning and memory. Belkin jim hello there. I want to start with all the papers. Entitled making lasting memories remembering the significant invite you say although forgetting the common fate of most of experiences much evidence indicates that emotional arousal and kansas. The story of memories. The served to create selectively lost memories of other more important experiences. You said that. Europe biological systems mediating emotional arousal at memory are very closely linked before we get into a gym I wondered if you sort of a- define memory a little bit and You know cambodia. Understanding of memory changed overtime. Booby beckon understanding of what we mean by emory. Now all right memory is something that we infer from individualism from animals. All we ever see is behavior and on the basis of behavior we make inferences that that ah prior experience produce some kind of change in the in this case the brain of the animal or the human such that they can behave differently and we make inferences that are memory processes underlying the change in behavior. Now the the function of memory is to allow us to behave. If we didn't have memory we would be just like vegetables We're able to have an experience. Remember that experience and change or are repeat our behavior on the basis of that experience in order to survive so memory is a fundamental set of abilities that aid in our survival. Right right he also. That's disagree to think about it. So clearly for animals For memory to their behavior but in the case of cubans Couldn't be actually say Y be mean by memory of a of a potentially a a large set of data that you get used to define memory right. Oh a larger set setup data the inferences the same. If i watch you play for example i can make inferences about your ability to change your behavior on the basis of experience. And that's all i have and the case of of yourself. I presume that you learn to speak language. Now if i observed you when you're a child i could see the process of your acquiring the language rep all of the things that we do are based on experiences that then causes to change our behavior in response to the experience and and scientists what we try to do is to figure out what happens in the brand that enables that change in behavior or the repeat of behavior which is based on the experience. And it's same end for intro process that we use when talking about human behavior as when we're talking about animal behavior so so both tactically james so suppose i say You know i saw x. right Says i'm talking short term memory eight. I saw last wednesday on steeped. Why you know. I'm sort of not relating Something from from the past That i guess. I dead point. Would you say i m make an inference or i am actually Member memorizing. you're you're using information i would. I have to make the inference at. That's based on memory and of course it is because there isn't any other way to explain your ability to do that but you're just using the information that you acquired a previous time in order to affect your behavior at this time and that's that's what memory does it allows us to use experiences in order to to change our behavior to make it appropriate for the moment
Has Scott Morrison spent too much?
"Me. If you've already heard me mention this but one of my favorite quotes during the covid crosses a pdf the guardian. This is the British lift wing newspaper. Now, this was the heart of the coronavirus crisis. It would have been light much quote just as there are no atheists on a sinking ship, there are no free marketeers during a pandemic. Now, the author of that apt quote Jonathan Freedland, he was referring to the audio logical revolution within the British conservative. Party. Now, according to Freedland Boris Johnson's his have defied four decades of thatcherism small-state free-market, thinking I to spend staggering amounts of money and then subsidizing the wages of workers. Could the same thing be said about Australia's Liberal Party they're the party of Howard and Costello now embraces big-spending high deficit government interventionism. And is a permanent state of affairs poor kilis editor at large of the Australian US pipe and Judas Brit is emeritus professor of politics at Latrobe University poll judy welcome back to the show. Hristo Paul, you've written to calms about this subject in the past week, summarize your faces. Will Martha is that all parties and all governments have to respond to the times in which they find themselves on display in Australia. Now we face an extraordinary economic crisis and the response reveals the nature of Scott Morrison, his prime minister and the Mars and government. So Morrison, not responding as Liberal Party progressive or is it Liberal Party conservative? He doesn't see himself in those terms his responses pragmatic selects able and practical. He's not inhibited by former policy and audio logical icons of the Liberal Party. Say What we say is the government has abandoned the long-term syllabus aspirations. It's A. Big Spending government it's a government government intervention focused on Keynesian demand management. It does however on the Liberal Party tradition of tax cuts will see next week. So it's prepared to regulate or deregulate according to the situation according to what's required. So to sum up say that Morrison wants to be defined by results and outcomes not philosophical principle. Okay. You mentioned the tax cuts leaving that aside traditional liberal governments are about balancing the books Paul, how much an as do you think aries in the Liberal Party about in the parliament and outside about these handouts to preserve jobs and livelihoods? Are. I. Don't think there's much on these at all OPTIMA and Tom. and. A couple of reasons for this if there is to be on, he's He's will come through the down the track, but essentially what's happening here is to govern is following the Orthodoxy or what you might call the new Orthodoxy in terms of meeting the financial and economic crisis. So roller response is sort of radical. It's also conventional. The official family is working together very closely. The Treasury the Reserve Bank, what the government is doing is essentially supported by private-sector economists. It's in law and with Patrick amended by the VCD and the IMF not the cabinet is very nodded, the Prime Minister and the treasurer are working very closely together so far the results look good. I think the Overwhelming sentiment on the back benches. Support, the government strategy in the hope that this gives individual employees, the chance of actually being reelected and my will give the government the chance of being reelected. So the reinvention of Australian liberalism is on full display with this budget judith break you agree with Paul Kelly about the the audio logical significance of these changes but actually think the government had much choice in that sense I do think we can see something audio logical preferences in a couple of the policies poor mentioned the tax cuts they've chosen tax cuts over for example, committing to a permanent increase in new act now co Job Seca. They've also, for example, if we look at the way, they wanted to stimulate the housing market. They've gone for giving money to individual owners rather than, for example, embarking on a social housing project. So I think in some of the means, we can still see some of the ideological preferences of the Patty. One of the things I've wondered when I've been watching the events unfold. If Labor had won the last election was in government with the Liberals have supported the same levels of spending or would they have if you like stayed in the sort of ideological bunker bean and attacked the blow out of the deficit? I mean, it's a hypothetical. In some ways I think we've been very lucky that it's been the liberals and the coalition in government because they can sense being able to Ghana much more support. I, think than I have been able to do for the same levels of spending but isn't cameras response to the COVID crosses more consistent with other Western governments during the pandemic Judy. Yes that's what I think. I had much option but the question is if the coalition of being opposition, would they have supported a Labor government going? You've written a lot about this have many many decades about when orthodoxies or overturned. It's usually bipartisan is that you'll since if the coalition cypher argument's sake wherein opposition I would have gone along with this big spending interventionism. Look are essentially agree with what Judy's said about this I think in a sense we're. Fortunate, if you liked that the coalition's in government because it's taken all the big spending decisions. and. Lay has been prepared to go along with back. In fact, it's argued that there should be even more spending. So in that sense, we've had a broad degree of thought-out ship within the economic framework. It is hot the typical of course to tron speculate about what would have happened if alive had been in office doing this but I do think that the coalition in opposition would have been tempted to make caught a lot of criticisms and to suggest that the spending had gone too far. There's a big difference for party thing in government managing across and being an opposition. Cape with this theme of a political realignment among center right parties around the Western world. If you think about Donald Trump in two thousand sixteen, he tapped into widespread anxieties. America's rust belt. What can class constituencies? Boris Johnson showed last December, he resonated with traditional British Library voters in the Midlands and northern England. Judy. Do you think that Morrison in a wise doing the same thing here in Australia? Now, I think they're very different sorts of crises. I mean the pandemic is an external. Crisis, it's not being caused by politics in any way it's not back nationalism versus globalism or any of those things, and so I don't agree with that. I agree with what Paul was saying earlier that Morrison's shown himself to be pragmatic and quick footed in this and I think we're lucky for that. But I I don't think that this lines up with bricks and with trump's appeal to the rest spilled poor Kelly. Well I think conservatism is changing if you look at. America Britain Australia and there's not a dopey getting very significant changes into servitude. Thought. Different changes argued very strongly that there are very substantial differences between Donald Trump and Scott Morrison. I think people who argue that. Morrison is a pilot version of DONALD TRUMP MAUREEN DOWD in the New York Times by the way, but go on. I think. I think turned him mentally misunderstand the situation I. Think the change in conservatism is very dramatic in the United States. If you'd like because we've got the transition from Ronald, Reagan who a generation ago was the great conservative champion, and now we have Donald Trump, who if you lock is a populist conservative? And that transformation is simply enormous install ending content I mean trump violates all the virtues of conservatism in terms of restraint prudence disciplined respect. Regard for the political system, he thrives on division. So he likes all the traditional conservative norms, and then when looks at his policies. Well he's sabotage the global trading system. He's an arch protectionist. He's engaged in this trade war with China he's appraised dictators and suspicious about. So I guess one of the Fundamental Christians here is the extent to which trump is an aberration. And the extent to which post trump American concert is we'll have to try and create a new position cognisant of the damage that trump has done to the traditional Republican Party
Making Nathans Famous
"Decided to even out his it, he's got its July, fourth, two thousand hundred. The Sun is beating down on the corner of Surf. Instill will avenues. We're in Coney Island. New York that legendary playground with its beach and boardwalk in my favorite, the cyclone, this huge wooden roller coaster, thousands of people are packed together is locked on a bright blue stage from five four three. We are off for the one hundred. Of the Nathan's famous hotdog, eating contest Joey Chestnut Amanda Pete. If you follow the world of competitive or at least the annual hotdog eating contest, you probably know the name Joey Chestnut. Athlete Nans. Legend he's dominated the scene for more than ten years. Just take it from the reporters at ESPN has changed the game because of his dedication physically. Chest. Taken up. In Our What's? Flow is much more. This is what chestnut does for a living. He trains for this. He's made hundreds of thousands of dollars stuffing his face with food. Chicken Wings shrimp cocktail, glazed donuts and this year. It looks like it's paying off joey chest. With seventy seconds left and sixty five hotdogs and buns. No starts Jordan right now. He's the go go. The people are starting to call other great. The like Michael. Jordan is Joey Basketball Brady Joey of football after ten minutes of intense gut busting competition. It's no surprise who wins. It's A. Dozen Twelve at night. Thanks for the twelfth time, Chestnut will take home. The Grand Prize from Nathan's famous hot dog, eating contest, the mustard belt, and on the fourth of July. What could be more all American than the hotdog? From business insider? This is brought to you by. Brand, given crush brands stories you. Don't I'm Charlie grooming? McDonalds! People Fire Up. Do Brill's for Classic Summer Barbecue. We take a look inside that most mysterious of meets the hotdog. What's inside is the stuff of legend, but when it comes to one in particular, the one sold at Nathan's famous, it's got a lot to do with America underdogs and huckster international rivalries and good old fashioned American dreams the good, the bad and the ugly of this country stuff through me grinder organs and all. Today producer Julia press checks out the hot dog stand and the country that she did. Stay with us. Each fourth of July, as fireworks light up the night sky, red, white and blue flags fly overhead Americans scarf down hotdogs, one hundred and fifty million of them to be exact. That's if you take the national hot dog and Sausage Council at its word, but like most American traditions. In fact like America itself, the hot dog is what it is because of immigrants, and it really made its name. Thanks to one man in particular. Here's producer Julia Press. Nathan's famous hot dogs was started by one Guy Nathan hand worker. He's not alive anymore, so I spoke to his grandson. My grandfather had no schooling whatsoever. You didn't spend one day in his life. In a school Lloyd hand worker has made a documentary and a book about Nathan's famous and the story of the guy who started. Mazen, hand worker was. Extremely poor immigrant from Poland who lived the American dream? He was one of thirteen kids. They were extremely poor. To add. When he was growing up. Only you know how to add two plus two Nathan. Story is about as classic as they come as a kid back in Poland. He'd worked in a bakery for a couple of years and he'd learned that food service jobs were pretty smart. Move if you didn't WANNA. Go hungry so when he arrived in New York in nineteen twelve. Is this right and nineteen year old? He Got A. A job as a dishwasher at a restaurant in the city called Max's busy, he learn English and maxes by repeating what the customer said, basically just hearing what they said, and just trying to repeat it without even knowing what it meant soon, he started working weekends as a role slicer at a place called Feldman's this enormous restaurant on the coney island boardwalk, even back then coney island was the sort of urban escape. For the cost of just a subway ride, immigrants could get away from the tenements of the industrializing city and find themselves at a beach, an amusement parks. Many of them set up small businesses. They're hoping to make it big. Dog Is an immigrant foot, right? Immigrants sold lamb grits. Bruce Crag is an emeritus Professor at Roosevelt University who specializes in food history in particular, the history of the Hotdog, the earliest written evidence we have for his from New York Cody.
From The City To The Megalopolis
"It's amazing to think that. In the nineteenth century about three percent of humanity lived in cities and today. That number is fifty percent, and it's growing rapidly. We live in the age of the Megalopolis. We're going to talk about that now with Dr, Salvatori satis Dr set. This is an emeritus professor of the history of classical art and archaeology at the school normality superiore in Pisa in Italy. He's an archaeologist and art historian. He's the chairman of the Louvre Museum. Scientific Council his the author of several books on art. Art History and he's known as the conscience of Italy for his role in spot, leading the neglect of it all national cultural heritage. His book is if Venice dies, and it's a look, not only at in the struggles, Venison the twenty first century, but at the increasing urbanisation of civilization general doctor says thanks for joining us. Thank you for inviting me. Can you talk about if finished is? How much of it is about Venice? And how much of it is it about the changing urban landscape across the planet? Well my intention in writing. This book was to focus on Venice. In order to make people meditate about what's going on on on a global scale about what I would call the shape the form of the city Savannah's. Sample account that example, contrasting some of the most disturbing. Of Urbanization in our current world end, it is quite dramatic. What's going on in your book? You explain there are fifteen megalopolis. That have over twenty million people is the advent of these massive cities twenty million people cities people have to live somewhere is is that a good thing or a bad thing? Why does it concern you well? I'm concerned about the quality of life. Those people because although this organization may look something that happens naturally, it is also prompted by economic forces. It is a concentration of workforce. which is not necessarily living in good conditions in order to create profit for a very low number of people, so it's the usual formula ninety nine percent, the best one percent, the megalopolis is a consequence of a complication of the world, the general commodification of the world that includes to an increasing extent human beings. This is just a very efficient thing for the elites to have a concentration of workforce where people who will be able to work cheaper and produce more by being right there at the center of production. Is that what? What you're saying, produce more and also by more become consumers, because workers are simultaneously consumer, so there is a a bishop's or two, if you so wish seal between being workers and consumers and I, think that there are two your which are combined, and normally one is made. Opera is the big over-centralisation to the other one is the verticalisation of AF- architecture. May Boca Use a? It's an example Chung Ching in China which had the six hundred thousand people in the nineteen thirty s and now thirty four million people living in it. I talked to contrast this with a different. Format Orbis or shape of the city. A form of the city in which that is some sort of harmony of balance between the body of the citizen and the body of the city where the citizen doesn't feel The one thing I'm saying is that it is good that we presser diversity in urban form and preserving diversity means among other things saving and saving the other historical see also because there is in even more. More disturbing feature of urban farming cities taking shape in in our time, and that is the fact that wide ancient cities. Historical CDs had a boundary around the city in the case of Venice Lagoon, case of other cities, the walls around the city now the boundaries around the boundaries of the city are being gradually substituted by boundaries within the city which has boundaries between the gentrified areas. For. The Hey and the have nots. You can see that in Paris very well. This can impact is. Also in Rome or in Milan dimension, Italian cities, the gated communities are increasingly frequent all around the world, but the gated communities are for those who are wealthy or relatively wealthy, while the other people are condemned to live in favelas. Zeal or in in be don't be like this aim French. I'm just thinking of Paris. I was just in Paris with a group. And I was explaining how they protect the center of Paris where everything is the months heart, scale you know six or eight story tall monster building, so you can see the domes, and you can see the spires, and you can see the Eiffel Tower and then right when you get to the periphery. Periphery this big boulevard that circles the city outside of that. It's just no-holds-barred, and it's like keeping the Cadillac Bay outside of that periphery. It's forced of skyscrapers within that you've got the elegance of the classic people friendly city that is in a sense, a gated community, because it's unaffordable for lot of people, and they end up outside a town in the rougher downtrodden neighborhoods. This is what's going on. Your description is absolutely perfect I think. But this involves a separation with inside, which is socially potentially very dangerous for the future. which is not precisely what I would call democracy.
Has China lost Taiwan?
"Taiwan's president secured secured a second term over the weekend started scenes of the woman who stood up to China because China always believe China. Taiwan's recent election is widely seen as a watershed moment a referendum between Wayne. Two very different choices saw in win. She's the president since two thousand sixteen. She promised to protect Taiwan's freedoms from an increasingly assertive. He said he's an autocratic Beijing or the nationalist combing Tung came to the opposition which stressed causes ties with Beijing. The result a landslide two cy and her ruling independence leading Democratic Progressive Party. It was her warnings about China that hit home. We've voters this threat Israel with these respect from China situation has changed you. You cannot exclude the possibility of a war. And it's high invading. Taiwan is something that is going to be very costly fled China Taiwan's president saw in win on the basis now. She scored move odds than any other presidential candidate since Taiwan hi one began holding democratic elections in Nineteen ninety-six. So why has Beijing's efforts to control. Taiwan was it backfired and we'll China Now back off from what it sees as a renegade province remember most nations including the United States and Australia. We adhere to the one China policy which means we formally acknowledge Beijing's claims over Taiwan but what can Washington and camera do to help this vibrant democracy of twenty ninety four million in the face of arising China. Natasha Qassam is research fellow at the Lowy Institute for International Policy where she directs the annual Lowy Institute suit poll. She's a former Australian diplomat. And he wants is emeritus professor of Strategic Studies at the Australian National University and author of how to defend Australia. He's a former deputy defense secretary. Natasha Hugh Welcome to Iran. To be with you thanks for having is time now Natasha. Why has China lost the battle for public opinion in Taiwan? Look I do think there's a real question as to whether China ever had a chance in this respect. You've got a longstanding up position in Taiwan to unification with China. You've got a long standing position to one country. Two Systems the model that China developed in the eighties Fulbari Taiwan and Hong Kong. And of course we see the problematic way that's playing out in Hong Kong today but the most important issue here I think has been the emergence of a unique Taiwanese identity entity. This is what has really changed over the last decade the majority of Taiwanese people they see themselves as Taiwanese and in part this is in opposition to a growing authoritarian -tarian reach from China but in pilots a product of Taiwan's transition to democracy. It's unique history in terms of its different periods of colonization and indigenous peoples. I think today we can say that. This far more that divides Taiwan and China then unites them. Is that growing sense of independence in Taiwan. And Natasha you mentioned Hong Kong and how that was supposed to be the roadmap for China's One Country Two Systems policy the clearly rebuked in these elections hugh. How does Beijing you all these? Well I think they must be very gloomy very concerned and I think getting pretty angry because I completely agree with Tushar I think the elections very significant because it confirms assumes absolutely that the prospect of an eventual consensual reunification of Taiwan agreeing to be absorbed or reabsorbed helped by the mainland looks more and more remark and the problem for everyone including for Taiwan is that Beijing is very unlikely to accept except that Beijing for Beijing reunification as I sit bringing Taiwan back into China is an essential part of their agenda of Xi. Jinping's agenda to for the rejuvenation as he calls it off of China overcoming of that century of humiliation which which began with the opium wars lower back in the forties and which she has set himself to overcome overturn. I think for him getting Taiwan back as he I would say it is. There is nothing more important to him. Nothing more important to the Communist Party and so we have The seats of a real tragedy because as Natasha says it's clear and clear that the Taiwanese don't want to be part of China and it says clearest safe obtain the Chinese determined to make it part of I hear you say Washington Santon. Sorry Beijing won't accept Taiwan's growing assertiveness but hasn't by aging conduct here been counterproductive. I think of John is if it's to intensify military not exercises around the Taiwan Strait. If it's to US light diplomatically. A Taiwan a hasn't that just stiffened the resolve of the tonys. ESO expected. Has I think I think that's been effector I think is Natasha. Says I think what's happened in. Hong Kong has has disabused anyone in Taiwan of any illusions about what one-country-two-systems three two systems would really mean. If it was applied to talk to Taiwan I think the growing authoritarian nature of the Chinese Communist Party ruled in China itself under under Shuzhen Ping Has Added to that. Boils I think as Natasha says again. That that the the the long term development of Taiwan itself Tallinn's entity that the the evolution of a very vibrant democracy there Meant that perhaps. Whatever Beijing done even if Beijing it'd be much less frightening that it has been it still would have been unlikely that Taiwan would move voluntarily to do what Beijing once and it's actually is hugh why wrought out here and he's not alone? We've had on this program over the last few years Professor Jon Meacham from the University of Chicago. The argument here is that not only will China be much more powerful awful than it is today but it will also remain deeply committed to making Taiwan part of China. I think she's deadline. Is this attender of the Communist revolution. Which would be a twenty four nine in other words? Tom Is on China. Saad your response. I disagree that Taiwan is really significant priority for Xi Jinping's China. But I think it's important when we think about what their highest priority is and for me that is always the domestic legitimacy of the potty state and and so by Beijing's policies primarily directed at that domestic audience. They might be failing in Taiwan but suddenly what they ought designed to do is to demonstrate two people in China that Beijing holds all the cards that they have a able to exit military pressure on Taiwan that they can exclude Taiwan from international organizations and that is the highest priority and under Xi Jinping's China. I think the hotline inflexible policies will just continue for godless. The effect that they have in Taiwan. But at the same time I do think it's a self fulfilling prophecy to argue that China will become so powerful so we should roll over and do nothing and therefore it will allow be allowed to become even more all powerful in military and economic times. I think this is almost a given Alpha China. But it's not a given in terms of China's power. China's power has been restricted in the region winslow in many ways many countries including Australia do not recognize the ages over the as traders say. China hasn't succeeded in achieving. Its goals in the South China Sea. It hasn't succeeded in closing bases in Japan. There's that in South Korea in numerous ways. I wouldn't say that time is on China side if anything I I think. China as a rational actor recognizes the cost of a protracted war a much higher than the cost of their patients on that knowledge has as Shea Jingping pink overreach. The embroiled other countries led by the US but including Australia to a newly skeptical view of Chana. I look clearly Thomas. China's Powell grows as system becomes more authoritarian as the way it seeks to exhibit influence throughout the region becomes to put it politely a more assertive a lot of countries. You Niger and beyond becoming more and more worried about what. China's power and hatch on is going to use its power mains over the next few decades but that I think we'd be too optimistic to imagine that China is somehow becoming a self limiting problem. I do think Jonah's power has grown. I think it's influences growing there. It's I still true. Of course. There's Natasha is that there are lots of things at China would like it. It hasn't yet got but I'm more pessimistic than she is that about China's capacity not to get its way increasingly as time goes on and it's worth bearing in mind all the things that China does get that yes Not everyone accepts what China wants to do in the just south China Sea but Australia. Itself hasn't undertaken serious remove navigation operations Australia and self does not acknowledge China as a strategic rival. The United States does Japan treating China increasingly cool. She asleep as it becomes less and less confident about Donald Trump's America. And we'll push you. It's Responsibilities towards Japan onto the treaty. So I think actually China is doing pretty well. I think we've made a big mistake. To underestimate raced tonight. But China's resolve in its capacity to use. Its Influence to get what it wants. I guess. Hugh Watt for my new and Tasha Qassam from from lowy and we're talking about Taiwan and China in the wake of the all in democracies election widely seen as a rebuke to Beijing. The TASHA you say Beijing's going to weaken Taiwan's democracy house. Oh look I think I said that it was going to try and I think it is trying in many ways. It's trying through disinformation Ryan and bypassing more media outlets in Taiwan and then controlling the narrative in that way it is certainly trying to infiltrate grassroots organizations like temple organizations sations and farmers and fisheries groups. The thing is that Beijing is very much moving away. I think from trying to support. Just one side of politics. The Guangdong Minggong which has always been seen as more friendly towards Beijing insofar as has been unsuccessful because the dog is not able to as. We've all of the reasons since we've already outlined. They are not able to deliver Taiwan in any way because of the way of public opinion against China. So now I believe that Beijing is trying to undermine undermine the democracy itself to undermine people's faith in institutions trying to essentially mess it up I think the best expression I've had tended into Crimea so that you have a government paralyzed a government that people do not trust and in that way the system would be much weaker. You Natasha to agree that Beijing is going to try awaken Taiwan's democracy and certainly badging will increase the pressure to open talks on reunification. I suppose the question here is wise. China so sensitive about Taiwan one. I mean think about it Taiwan or Formosa as it was earlier known. It's only been part of China for something like four out of the past one hundred twenty twenty five years since Japanese colonization nineteen ninety-five four out of one hundred twenty five and those four years when the nationalists who fled to Taiwan. They were running the mainland alien so why the sensitivity. He what. We'll Tom Because one hundred and twenty five years is not very long time in the way of China's paypal and the Chinese government see themselves CBS and has precisely one hundred and twenty five years that I see correctly in some ways as being a very black period in the history and that the the great mission of the Communist Party has been to bring China out of that as I said before the rejuvenation of the Chinese people. It's hard to underestimate. Overestimate the the emotional power Al behind this idea of China returning to its previous position and Taiwan has become a and the Chinese Communist Party has made Taiwan into a a symbol of everything bad that happened to China before and everything that Diane resolved to fix and the way in which they they put Hong Kong back into into the fold the YM which have grown their economy the way in which they have reasserted China's military power and have trying at least to reassert itself the parish cultural pass at a speak. All of that is part of the deal but Taiwan is in a sense that the jewel in the crown for them and so I think the the political political and to a certain extent the emotional fright that the Taiwan issue carries does make it absolutely central to the Communist. Party's not just its own sense of itself but it's confidence that it can continue command. The loyalty and achieved legitimacy in the eyes of the Chinese people as what Communist Party delivers not just in terms of prosperity but in terms of China's dignity and position in the world symbolized by Taiwan that is so central to its legitimacy as the government of China Anna. And does that mean Natasha Qassam. That is now a very real danger that the listen Beijing takes from size relection. Is that the only way. Taiwan will ever a unify with mainland China. As at the end of a gun. Look that's entirely possible but I have to say I'm not convinced that as an argument mainly because we like to think think of China's military palate in terms of it being this very quick victory. RV Taiwan because they are coming late outgunned in that sense but none nothing about this would be. It would be very difficult to take Taiwan in terms of its geography and even an invasion is really just the beginning. When you have twenty four a million people who don't want to be a part of your country you have? Refugees flocking to other countries in the region including Australia. You'll have resistance in the streets. You'll have disruption to global supply chains at which Taiwan lies at. Its hot this is not an easy proposition. It is laden with
The Rise of Ecofascism
"Looking. And how the climate it crisis fuels ECO Fascist ideology and how some of those narratives already exist in mainstream politics. You're listening thing to think sustainability. I'm Julia Cockatiel. So lost time. We defined Eaker Kerr Fascism as the belief in racial purity as the only way to save the planet thus eaker fascists place the wellbeing of the earth nature. HR and animals at the forefront of their ideology and although eaker fascism draws on ideas dating as far back as the nineteenth century the contemporary context specifically the climate crisis has given the ideology. And you edge. Astrid is gone from Gazing at its nive home to a three years ago to the midst of a huge crisis in Tosa Faez and they'd rather than agricultural catastrophes and song. I think we're going to see them. Rise quite dramatically. These ecologically focused Sort of Fascist taught the the end of the wound is coming. We have to cybele solve taught movements. Betsy Hoffman Emeritus Professor of Development Studies at Hampshire College in Massachusetts agrees that apocalyptic narratives the articles spurred on by the climate crisis. Give Echo fascists a new sense of urgency here in the United States. There's a real tendency toward Still toward apocalyptic schism this ECO fascist view. That were you know approaching some kind of major conflagration or the end of the world old especially around climate change now in the environmental movement as we discussed in pot one anti overpopulation specifically by non non Anglo. Nonwhite immigrants is at the core of the fascist argument more extreme ideologies and philosophies will become more and more attractive partly partly because of global warming and And partly because there is a reality associated with population growth. You know that as the world's population grows its capacity to support the number of people Declines this idea of immigrants washing up on the shores of the West. I arriving to destroy new land after the degradation of their own is the common narrative for pated among ECO fascists in the climate crisis these immigrants are known as climate refugees mean. Climate change is bad enough as it is. It's urgent enough is it is is you know you look at the forest fires you can look at Melting ice you don't need to then make it look like all these poor people. In the Global South South are gonNA come across our borders you know a bleak future scenarios of millions and millions of climate refugees roaming across international borders creating havoc climate refugees or environmental migrants those who forced to abandon their homes due to environmental degradation or extreme weather events experts estimate that climate change is likely to displace between one hundred and fifty and three hundred million people by the middle of the century. But Betsy says most of the conversation related to climate refugees is alarmist and misleading are so many people really going to be flooding across borders. Orders most Migration will probably be within countries. Not accost borders. Why is migration happening? Migrations Complex questioned. There is likely to be climate related late in migrating. There already is but it's complicated there. A range of other factors involved in people's decisions to migrate behind the Fascist Lens. Those was occupying the Global South A- causing environmental degradation when in reality those living in poverty being forced to migrate because also the actions of those on the other side of the world
Tourists missing after deadly New Zealand volcano eruption
"So many of us woke up here in this tragic news of white islands located twenty nine miles off of new Zealand's North Island had erupted five people confirmed dead and eighteen injured and more than twenty people are thought to be missing police say there have been no signs of life from the island no more survivors are expected to be found rescuers have been unable to land on the island but they say a number of helicopters have passed overhead and they are asking that if anybody was on the island with misdirection to reach out to Chris Pleasants at mail online dot com so no signs of life after a volcanic eruption that happened at two eleven PM their local time there were an estimated fifty tourists around the crater eighteen survivors are evacuated some suffered severe burns there's been an estimated twenty seven people unaccounted for police say the number of messages in the double figures but refused to give an exact figure Australian prime minister Scott Morrison said twenty four Australians were visiting the island at the time of the disaster three Britons we don't know how many Americans rescuers have so far been unable to get onto the island because the land slides and for the Russians there are a number of rescue helicopters that are already trying to look and they didn't flying all all throughout the night their time officials said early Tuesday and that's Tuesday their time but no signs of life have been seen at any point and they are not expected to find anybody else alive which means the death toll could be as high as thirty two so this is what Corey what Corey is known as a white island twenty nine miles looking off new Zealand's in Northern Ireland they said the plumes of smoke and debris went about twelve thousand feet into the sky and I guess this is a very popular tourist attraction you see people involves taking pictures of this they were likely to be in a boat when this happened you see people trying to get into a vote from the island and the place is completely covered in ash for you know talking about is a real great island why is it a tourist site will it's a great because of the ash kids barely a beautiful island you just can't tell because there's absolutely so you want to see a video footage people screaming to get inside the vote right and to as they need to get away from the flames of the pools are a lot of scrambling lot of chaos and you know they say this is a very active volcano and so we're not sure why people would the I don't not sure why they would be tourists there if there was an active volcano Tony von former mayor of the nearby town of all cuddly said that a guide for the white island towards company was among those killed most of the Australians caught up in the disaster are thought to be passengers of the ovation of the seas cruise liner it departed Sydney last week speaking earlier Monday New Zealand prime minister Justin the ardour and said they were never chores from her country and overseas on the island at the time all royal Caribbean owner of a vision of the seas issue the same as in the ship would stay in the nearby port of Toronto overnight until we learn more about the situation some fairly wide island is new Zealand's most active volcano courts Daily Mail and had seen its last major eruption in two thousand was smaller events over the years officials said it's unlikely the volcano will erupt again in the next twenty four hours but obviously people are warned to stay away from I'm they're worried about tsunamis that can now happen earthquakes and other sorts of possible unrest geological hazard trekkers gill net is registered motor volcanic unrest on the island for weeks but the nature of organic activities and predictable with the eruption unforeseen so family there's a camera on the critters ram run by gill nets and they take pictures every ten minutes and you see a string of people visiting the crater the next shot taken into twenty was unreadable which means people were there at the crater when a blue so yes I crazy up really experts say that this was a disaster waiting to happen what island was always quote too dangerous for the number two was was in the aisles experts said and the warranty people of risa for the blast landslides they say emeritus professor ray costs from mo not universally branded the island as by its may ori Nemo cari quote a disaster waiting to happen for many years he said I've always felt there was too dangerous to allow daily tour groups that visit the uninhabited island by boat or helicopter nearly back in nineteen fourteen the small money committee on the island was wiped out because falling rocks weekend by the island's volcanic activity strip the village so they thought a Pacific plate that moved westward underneath the Indo Australian plate where New Zealand sits on the rock pushed underneath melts turns into macula fills with gases the hot rocks creek circulation patterns underneath volcano than sting breaks through the rocks a buildup of pressure accumulated direction sites in the rocks hold back the pressure breaks gas rapidly release and then you have the volcanic eruption so mining activities when bands of the island has been uninhabited now for more than a century but still a hot spot for to resell because of okay and she'll net news it was the logical hazard information center as far as what island as it was most active cold volcano only the top is visible with eighty percent under water so we'll keep you guys posted it is so tragic and again you just don't know why this was such an active tourist spot I mean I saw Dante's peak I am done these be they said they could pick up farmers and they could check for soul for in the water and there's like all sorts of stuff that they could do but apparently it's one of those things where it might have been you know like other boy cried wolf and so maybe they just kind of took it for granted so unfortunately as we hear more about who passed will keep you
This star moving at hyperdrive-speeds was spat out from our black hole
"Of the ticket a style that's being flung out of the Milky Way Galaxy Alexey at a record breaking speed of six million kilometers per hour by the supermassive black hole at the Galactic Centre a report in the monthly notices the Roll Economical Society claims. The unfortunate star was sent on its course through gravitational dads with secretaries ace tax more than five million years ago the style which is now some twenty nine thousand light years from Earth is traveling some ten times faster the most stars in the Milky Way including the son in fact. It's moving so fast. I believe the Milky Way in about one hundred million years never to return one of the study's authors emeritus professor Gary that cost us from the Australian National University. Says is the stars encounter with a black hole occurred at a time when humans were first learning to Walk Upright. He says in astronomical terms star will be leaving galaxy fairly sued and will likely travel through the emptiness of intergalactic space for eternity the Milky Way central supermassive black hole secretaries a star has some four four point three million times the mass of our Sun. It's located some twenty six thousand light years away in the direction of the Constellation secretaries authors discovered discovered this hapless style while using the three point nine meter anglo-australian telescope at the siding Spring Observatory to search for the shorted remains of small galaxies orbiting. The Milky Way is part of the southern Stella Stream Spectroscopy survey follow up observations within made with the A and US two point three minute telescope confirming the stars. Extreme speed did the customer and colleagues then trace the Star's journey back to its point of origin in the Galactic Center. It's this must have originally been in a binary system with a companion star and this system ventured too close to the black hole secretaries ace ta which then captured one of the Stars Too Close Orbit or sling shutting the other one out of the system custom and very high speed. DACOSTA says it's great to be able to confirm thirty or prediction. That stars really can be flying out of a galaxy by the supermassive black hole at the Galactic Center. I'm part of it. The national team that is using the anglo-australian telescope to get philosophies and abundances for stars in stellar streams the stuff streams Remnants of small galaxies have been ripped apart as they fall into is advertised on potential and by studying them we can learn about the distribution of doc mattering our galaxy for example but for every field. We don't necessarily have a complete set of targets for the thought so we used the other spare fathers to look at potentially other stars of interest and we found this stuff. That's has a velocity moving away from us as over a thousand cuomo specific and that was very unexpected and exciting discovery. Picked your interest in other words very much so Particularly the stars brought enough that the European Guy Satellite Commissioner a very accurate promotion. The motion in the plight of the sky is distinct from emotional life on us when we combine that with the observed. A lot of thoughts. Lusty you can trace Ashley Orbit back in time. And the orbit. Effect Exactly intersects with the center of the Galaxy. So we're very sure that this does being flung long out of the standard of the galaxy matches a prediction for a long time. Now that's been massive. Black Holes will blackouts. Generally I guess under the right circumstances weren't gobble Lapa Adventures too close but will in fact fling it out. That's right. There was a piper written first by Jack Hills in not an idea actually before four the Central Collin Galaxy was really well established in which he predicted it. If a binary star got too close to the central by call one of the stars would be absorbed in towards the blackhall. The other one would get a lot of energy be flung out of the center of the Galaxy and bicycling escape from galaxy completely. And that's what we're saying here. This really is the the first time that we've been definitively established that this high-velocity star doesn't affect have its origin at the center of the Galaxy. What do you know about this star? Well we know that it's Relatively young it's about two and a half times the mess of some. It's likely to be quite rich in chemical elements because the Santa Pod Aug- Aleksey is where the overall about this is about effective two times higher than it is in the local neighborhood so it's caught rich but With a massive about two and a half times orange the lofty that is traveling at its guide to escape from the Galaxy and hit off into it elected spice which is a very empty place. What does one cool is star in integrated space? I know if we have a planet outside our solar system. It's a rogue planet but what what is it aerobic style. I guess you'd call. It is a collective star. The the volume of spice outside of galaxies is very very empty. So you know you have a very small population of stars walk. These escaped from galaxies and and They'd be very hard to find. It's not the first high-speed contended that has been detected that appears to be living galaxy. Isn't no that's right nine for some Almost addicted I guess that there are these high-velocity stars that appear to be skyping galaxy in fraction of which appear to be coming from the center of the Galaxy. But this is the very first one where we've got precise enough to seminar of the top of the star to absolutely verify that it's coming from the center of the Galaxy hasn't been given head log number yet or a name. It has the rather prosaic name S. five because as five is the Stream survey project we're involved with And then it's it should be s one high-velocity star number one. I guess with the expectation that we might find more to me about the survey that you guys have been doing. This is really exciting. Isn't it looking at. The shredded remains a small galaxies opening the Milky Way. That's right It's actually a very good example of international collaboration. There's a team in the US that uses what's called the doc energy like camera on the former telescope in Chile. But let's you image lodge areas in the sky and they've infect done quite deep suv. I of the Southern Hemisphere Scott and in that imaging serve I I discovered of order a dozen of these streams where we believe these a AH small galaxies. That have been disrupted but you need to take spectroscopy of the stock is to get the philosophies in the abundances and the anglo-australian telescope with its two degree field spectograph spectograph lets you observe up to four hundred dollars at a time and that is a unique facility in terms of its field of view. A numbers fathers in the astronomical world so the US imaging imaging people have collaborated with star stone of his experts in fava spectroscopy to measure that. He's sort of these streams and You know serendipity can sometimes what can you fight or wait. Found this This particular stop by studying these still streams. This must be telling you a lot about the origins of the Milky Way Galaxy itself and how it's grown over Giga Giga us. Yes you're exactly right The the standard Theory of how the Milky Way is come into existence as had lots of galaxies Small galaxies full in get disrupted and then contribute. This does to the highlands of the disk of the galaxy in that process. We can try and map out. What the distribution of mass in our galaxy is by understanding the orbits of these streams in the galaxy get disrupted some of the stars get energy energy and move ahead than some of the stars lose energy in full behind? That's probably the other way around And so you. The whole thing gets strung out as a string of beat effectively and by studying the motions of streams we can actually see things like the influence of the lodge measuring like cloud as it comes by our galaxy. It's extra gravity. It disturbs the orbits of streams. and Are we seeing a lot of stuff from secretaries to office will run the other side that well it's been gobbled up. Now's well isn't it. That's that's right. I mean. The Sagittarius Stream was the first example of this Process with off. Galaxies falling in and being disrupted I guess it's Probably twenty. He's ago I guess it was in twenty five years since it was discovered and that is the archetypal example. The core of the galaxy is near the center of a Galaxy Galaxy. There's a stream of stars advice that goes across the hall. Scott now Sagittarius is was originally much more massive system than the small systems. That are just being disrupted the streams of West studying but it does just show that this process goes on Sagittarius. What in fact its own set of costs that guide to be added to the Hanover? The galaxy wants to sides of terrorists. System is completely disrupted with globular clusters. Can you tell the difference between a glove class. Sta and the center of a shredded galaxy. See that's very good question There are a few Gobert. COST IS GONNA cost is have constant abundance of elements it's like on and calcium Others but there are a few classes like a Centauri which is readily visible in the summer sky where there was a big range inch in the chemical elements like Nelson on from star to star. And it's certainly been suggested that Those cover costs as well. You see a heavy element abundance range by well obtained the former nucleus off galaxies. Pain disrupted our listeners are way normally globular cluster. oster is a tight ball of thousands if not millions of stars which originally formed together at the same time in the same molecular gas and dust cloud but when you see globular clusters crossed with stars of very different MILICIA's very different compositions. That's the telltale sign you're talking about. Exactly yes yes. In fact we have an example inside serious various the The there's a classical m fifty four which is a very luminous go cost which is right at the center secretaries and in fact does have a Ryan the elephants. So that's almost smoking guns or the Saudi.
Imperial College London, London and Iran discussed on Today
"Four with justin webb and michelle hussein it's twenty nine minutes to eight charles carroll has a summary of the news president trump has said he's still determined to protect america's borders despite his decision to reverse the controversial practice of separating migrant children from their parents his new executive order signed last night calls for families to be kept together while their legal cases are considered the chancellor will say that taxes will have to rise in order to fund a planned increase in health spending philip hammond will tell the city tonight that the twenty billion pound annual cost will be met by tax payers in a fair and balanced way in last year's conservative election manifesto the party said it had a firm intention to reduce taxes on businesses and working families the education secretary damien hines has backed calls for universities to tackle grade inflation the think tank reform which argues for better value from public services found that more than a quarter of students now graduate with a first last year at the university of surrey it was more than forty percent the who secretary says he's concerned he hasn't seen enough detail of how british citizens living in other eu countries will be treated after brexit sanjay javid says member states have failed to match the uk's progress on the issue dixons carphone has reported a twenty eight percent slump in its annual pretax profits it said it's margins had been hit by challenges in the uk mobile market and my contractual constraints nato's secretary general is appealing to members not to let recent disagreements with united states prevent them from working together disputes over defense spending trade the iran nuclear deal and climate change of all increased tensions speaking in london today and stoltenberg will stress the importance of the transatlantic bond and the social media site instagram is to take on youtube by allowing users to post videos up to an hour long instagram is looking to gain a share of the global marketing video advertising estimated to be worth more than thirteen billion pounds a year thank you very much it is twenty seven minutes to eight twitter the lessons of gosport the front pages of the papers this morning a full of horror at the confirmation in the report published yesterday of the hundreds of people whose lives were shortened a gospel war memorial hospital there calls for prosecution the real questions about what is happening now today in other hospitals around the country professor suburban gentleman is emeritus professor at imperial college london he's cofounder of the dr foster unit that which delves into hospital statistics to monitor and h has performance and his here in the studio.
Trump to host Japan's Abe amid strain over N. Korea
"Think you know that i think if we don't get good results from that imigran summit the one with trump won't happen i think enough thought to to to put into that is of course the relationship with japan and the that shinzo obey scuttled over to washington to hover meeting with trump as maralago in fact as soon as as soon as it became apparent this was happening what this does is sideline japan and will though they're saying that the suspending all this testing that's long range it doesn't affect japan which would be struck by shortrange missiles american diplomacy very very difficult to read at the moment trying you know they really need that they clearly have have worked out some way of being on the one hand tough on china on the one on the other hand he's he's trump is constantly talking about how wonderful he thinks the chinese leader is but but at the same time they really need to keep this very close ally close awkward well talking about complex political situation of kalin this this whole this whole sort of matrix surrounding israel iran syria just tell us staying with the sunday times tell us tell us the story very good picture here of the iranian troops mocking the army dent very intimidating with the headline on top israel braced for attack by iran shadow war hit spoiling point now that this is this is then talk down as complete hyperbole on the same page by the by the renowned professor of strategy now emeritus professor lawrence friedman who who's who's first sentence of this great piece reteach analysis israel and iran have been denouncing each other for solo it is worth noting that they are not natural enemies fascinating that's why you read a sunday.