27 Burst results for "Eight Centuries"
"eight centuries" Discussed on 106.1 FM WTKK
"The authorities. Uh, you know they were safer if we that the American people in public stop believing that terrorist counter terrorism is a problem. We find ourselves slipping right back to the same threat level. So it's hard to say for me. I do think we're better for their election efforts are better. Our technical collections in the internationally are much better. But can we put it all together? And can we take an actionable event to stop a terrorist attack? This is a constant vigilance thing. We have to remember. These extremists don't believe America should exist. And don't believe in the freedoms that we enjoy every single day, including, by the way our girls being able to go and get an education, and so it is that different, you know they want to live in the eighth century. We're in 2021. We just have to understand that that nothing in between has changed their mind. That makes them a threat to the United States. We have to be on guard for that former congressman Mike Rogers, who represented Michigan's eighth congressional district, and was chairman of the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, He's also executive producer for CNN's program to classified untold stories. Of American spies, Congressman Rogers. Thank you so much for the time and inside. We really appreciate it. Yeah, thanks, Ryan. And really our thoughts go out to all those gold star families who lost somebody in this 20 year conflict and those wounded and lost limbs and all of those families, constant prayers. All our military and Absolutely. Thanks again. Congressman Rogers coming up next to touch the co author of Nightmare scenario Inside the Trump Administration's response to the pandemic that changed history. Don't move. Yeah, I'm Derek cut from dancing with the stars. One of my favorite memories of being on the show was working with Amy Purdy. He was a paralympian, and she was a huge, huge inspiration to so many, including myself, because there was no handbook. There was no references to use to show us how to do this. How to dance with two prosthetic legs. She truly was a Trailblazer for that community and in dancing, she really introduced me into the world of the Paralympics. And there was an amazing podcast called equal to achieving disability equality is a six part series that explores the biggest.
"eight centuries" Discussed on The Ben Shapiro Show
"They should have been conducting this evacuation for months. I this is the first question. I asked cherry austin. A win came before the house armed services committee just two months ago. I said mister secretary. Why have you not already begun. This evacuation all the scenes of total chaos. That we saw play out on the tv. Yesterday could have been avoided if the administration had planned for this man. Correct correct full disclosure. I know represented molten on this sort of stuff terrific. He is correct on this. This is this is. It's an act of pure insanity. What has happened here. By the way how delusional does the united states remain so ambassador linda. Thomas greenfield was asked on cnn by wolf blitzer about the taliban violating people's rights. Her answer was in no uncertain terms. United nations would be putting through quote a. Very strongly worded statement from the security council that we expect talmon respect women's rights end to be respectful of humanitarian law. Well i mean guess case closed. Were done here. The biden administration and our allies. our allies On the un security council like china and russia definitely that yeah that strongly-worded statement to a bunch of eighth century barbarians or literally wielding whips. I can you not is according to cnn reporter klis clarice award there wielding whips at the airport to smack any afghan attempting to leave the country and escape thereby barrack rule if we issue a strongly very strongly worded statements as ambassador linda. Thomas greenfield at the un. If we do that definitely it will stop doing what they have been doing. Because after all they're not eighth century barbarians. We just handed billions of dollars in sophisticated military hardware and an entire country. Then it'll be fine guys. be near. The competence is here. The adults are back in charge. Pell refreshing remember. We were told all this january. Oh the adults are back. Isn't it nice to have competent governance again. Isn't it nice weird. That went went in terrible incompetent. Orange man was there. None of this was happening. Remember that yeah. Oh you guys were doing was whining about. How how he was tweeting. And with and now we've got this now you've got this gay but here's the thing. Many on the left are satisfied with this because in the end their agenda is not about american security. Their agenda is not about strengthening the united states for many on the left. They're happy that we are redirecting. All of our focus from enemies abroad to enemies within. This is a serious serious problem. There are a lot of people on the left who are far more concerned with the enemies within and with the enemies abroad this is why you saw the spectacle of general mark milley of the joint chiefs of staff saying to congress that he was deeply deeply concerned about the roots of white rage. She had to have his soldiers. Laura they'd read it next candy to learn about critical race theory and the roots of white rage. We definitely needed that. we needed. Lloyd austin you secretary of defense talking about how we needed to diversify the military. This was a key priority. The woke -cation of the military. This was this was key not actually winning wars. La who's gonna get fired for this anybody. Buehler buehler nausea fired for this. If you're this incompetent your job you'd be fired..
"eight centuries" Discussed on John and Ken on Demand
"Up john and ken. Kfi john and ken show john kobylt tench boats. Kfi am six forty live everywhere on the iheartradio app. Afghanistan came more in the news in the nineteen eighties. The soviet union was fighting there for control a lot of the nineteen eighties. They were driven out. Nineteen eighty nine was was then a big civil war and by nineteen ninety six. The taliban had ceased power capturing a bunch of capitals and they pretty much ruled the country until we invaded in two thousand and one. That's kind of the quick history here and the side to this is that one of the taliban co-founders his name is abdul ghani da. He was a resistance fighter against the russians in the eighties. But eventually co founded the taliban with a man by the name of moolah mohammed omar in the early nineties. And of course as i mentioned they took over in nineteen ninety six. The reason we're talking about him is because three years ago. There's a picture of him. He was eventually arrested and he was imprisoned in pakistan. And there's a picture of him from three years ago with then secretary state. Mike pompeo because he got released to prison to help broker a deal a deal where the taliban and the afghan government would agree to some kind of coexistence. That deal was signed in the well. You can see. It was torn to shreds with the reality seat today. This stuff on paper. The american leaves were taken over which is called the doha agreement. The us pledge to leave afghanistan on the basis that the taliban would enter into a power sharing agreement with president ashraf ghani's government in kabul. We're bunch of suckers. That's the guy that left helicopter europe's bunch of suckers. These guys are like ancient warlords. Yes there from the from the eighth century. And you look at them. They're dressed up like people from the eighth century. Their attitude is from there and they just the way they will rule. They walk around very old religious rule. They walk around shooting. People beheading people conquering land abusing raping women and then indoctrinating their their children especially their boys to grow up and become just like them. In fact this is got to be the second or third generation. Right it probably. I mean these aren't the guys we were fighting in two thousand one these their sons. Yes apparently this man's son is a big power player with the taliban and the reason i mentioned is apparently this guy i was just talking about just flew into afghanistan. And he's going to be part of the whole takeover and in fact he might have a key role as one of the leaders of the country. These are probably the grandsons of the guys who were fighting the russians. Back in nineteen seventy nine. That could be what this guy was born in. One thousand nine sixty eight. So he was a young fighter. And it's twenties against the soviets in the one thousand nine hundred eighty s but now he's juror ready to take over as one of the top leaders. There is an actual leader of the taliban who may or may not His name is like this name. Tula cone zodda is the talibans overall leader but about die is head of its political office and is expected that he will probably be the most visible leader of the taliban..
"eight centuries" Discussed on Mythology
"For centuries after the greeks. I told the story of sisyphus. Zeus proclamation held true when anyone spoke of the king of era they only referred to him in relation to his rock sometime around the eighth century. Bc the greek poet homer mentioned cicis in the odyssey when odysseus arrived in the underworld he saw cicis in violent torment seeking to raise a monstrous stone with both his hands. Homer wasn't the only ancient writer to acknowledge sisyphus in eight ce. The roman poet avid cited him in his epic collection of mythological. History metamorphosis in one passage of a describe orpheus is song about his lost love eurydice see the song was so heart wrenching and beautiful that even cisa took a break from his boulder to listen once again however sisyphus was only a passing mention a piece of local flair in the underworld after homer and of it sece's life story was even more obscured by the sands of time in forty two french philosopher. Albert camus published the myth of sisyphus for the first time in history. The king of a fierro was the title character however come. You didn't mention anything about cleverness or penchant for murder it was only about his punishment and it's symbolism for the absurdity of human existence what writers and historians seemed to have missed was that he was a rare example of a mythological sociopath of course violence was a fact of life in ancient greece but sisyphus didn't kill enemies in battle bore while conquering new lands. He chose to kill guests in his home. Besides murdering visitors he also seduced and forced himself on his niece. Perhaps even worse. He showed no remorse for his deeds. Even after he was sentenced to haiti's there's an age old expression that a punishment should fit the crime in the case of sisyphus. One could argue that. His extreme sentence truly did fit his crimes perhaps the first greek storytellers who crafted the tale of sisyphus intended for him to be a warning for future. Sociopaths commit heinous acts and you'll suffer an even more horrifying punishment but there was one thing they didn't count on making the punishment so terrifying that everyone forgot about the crimes.
The History of Muslim-Controlled Spain
"In the early eighth century the iberian peninsula was populated by the visigoths who are dramatic people who entered and populated the peninsula after the collapse of the roman empire. During the reign of the caliph will lead the first general. Tariq iban ziad lead moore's forces across the mediterranean and landed in gibraltar on april thirtieth in the year seven eleven. This began a seven year campaign. Where the moore's brought most of the iberian peninsula under islamic control the term moore should probably be explained as i've used it here. In several previous episodes there really are no people called. Moore's the term more was used by europeans to describe muslim inhabitants. From north africa included people of different ethnicities including berbers and arabs. The term isn't too dissimilar from the term francs which was used by muslims in the middle east to describe all europeans. The term comes from the roman province of mauritania which is where modern day morocco is located. The current country of that name is not located exactly where the ancient province of mauritania is located. The invasion began a period where muslim rulers controlled at least part of the iberian peninsula for almost eight hundred years the moore's never completely conquered the peninsula however even at its greatest extent just eight years. After the invasion there was still a part of the peninsula that remained under christian control in the far north the kingdom of asturias remained independent and it was never conquered that being said one of the reasons why they had such an easy time is because they gave very generous terms to the people who they did. Conquer one example of this is theodomir the visigoths chief of america. He agreed to terms where he could still continue to be the leader of his people and practice christianity. All they had to do was pay an annual tribute. The entire region of iberian muslim rule was known in arabic as al
Canaan Unconquered - Rachel Havrelock
"And kinda interested in talking about the person joshua. He's the title character of this book and he himself from my understanding of scholarly work on biblical criticism or otherwise. He himself has a story like an origin story. That some people think is kind of a retrospection where like after the fact. He's put into the torah in a way that he may not have always been there. And what i'm referring to is specifically. His glory story is that he's one of the two folks in the twelve spies story that goes into the promised land and says This is great all the other ten folks. All land is terrible. Joshua caleb are on the good side that god likes and because it's the land that they're supposed to go to am. I right in my understanding of that. How scholars look at that person joshua and to what extent to we learn more about him in talking about the book that's named after him. Joshua indeed has a book named after him but is one of the flatter hand more hollow biblical characters. I mean for readers. Go in sequence so you know redo romney in which moses in vary tragic psychological terms wrestles with his impending death. And you know even with the existential reality of death itself. so we're going through it moses psyche and when we can turn out of the penza out of the five books of moses when we opened the book of joshua we have an entirely flat character. You know joshua is really characterized by his obedience and interestingly enough has no title right once called the servant of god is not labeled a profit is not labeled a judge is not labeled a king. I mean we get the news of general because he leads these battles but he doesn't even have a title biblical literature does have great literature and just have complex characters. Josh was not one of them. And you can't really do. A lot of psychological depth with an icon in joshua right becomes an icon of this army of this ancient near right to really kind of like a strobe of what i would call. Ancient national is now. I believe that the book of joshua is ultimately synthesized by a group of editors that we call the or novelists they are the ones that are also very smart editors so joshua ends up becoming a kind of a tool that the nommik editors really use to kinda. We've eras together and also to contain a kind of perfect model right. They wanna leader in their language. Who neither the left nor the right right who keeps torah. You know kind of the cuff at all times. And so they give joshua authority by putting him back the times of most read someone who experienced the whole exodus and even while being a member of this desert generation right the generation of the liberated slaves joshua and his spy buddy caleb right are portrayed is the only two who believe in going to war in this land. So i think that's right. I think the shooter anonymous create joshua to be an icon of the kind of unity to which they aspire and one more piece that all add to your question about joshua and caleb who again are depicted is these faithful spies who go against the will of their generation. I love it kinda that the liberated slaves don't want to go to war. I feel like we haven't done enough to really like reclaim that biblical antiwar position expressed by that generation. But you know. John lewis show like i said he's a. He's a tutoring nommik creation. But there's a lot of northern stuff going on with joshua and caleb is a southern figure just as these editors could really say we've always been at war with canaanites. Their system could also absorb later alliances. So kayla who. This southern figure is a canoe. He's a kennedy and the candidates are ultimately a group that gets absorbed under the tribe of judah the twelve tribes structure is very good at pointing to those people who are on the outside who jumped. Don't join the alliance and saying those e mites those canaanites those jebusites there are enemies. But it's also good at absorbing groups that might join the alliance at their own pace and saying. Oh well that's caleb. He's the head of the kennedy clan and that's a sub family of judah so so both things are possible for trying to account for political alliances. Can we situated some of what you're talking about in some sense of historical time to understand sort of when the actual events that are being responded to her happening versus the time where the story is set. What's going on geopolitically. And the time of the israelites when they are making all these alliances. And then if i understand the approximate timeframe here they're basically writing and rewriting these stories that are functionally taking place around five hundred years earlier. Right i mean the so. It almost becomes like their writing and rewriting and massaging this almost like mythic prehistory. It's not just like they're telling a story from fifty years ago differently. They're telling a story from five hundred years ago differently. I'm just curious if you could give us some sense of what was actually going on in in their world at that time that was motivating them to do all this so yes. Speaking about time wine this is the kind of thing. Bible scholars go to conferences to fight of out. So let me kind of breakdown this picture together with a time line let me start somewhere with is a very important piece of poetry and it's important because because of how it serves as a historical in and that's song of deborah and the song of jabra with we believe based on its grammar and syntax is one of the oldest texts in the bible and some people even speak about the year twelve hundred bc. Jabra sings about a war and she sings that some tribes came and fought in the war in some sat home so she disparages the tribes who sat home and she sings the praises of the tribes who k. That's very important to me because it shows that the success or failure of a given tribe in war depended upon their allies. Were so we see major major motivation for these processes of consolidation. Many scholars have shown how end the nine eight century. B c e you've got these policies of consolidating clans in schreiber's into something that looks like a pro donation. This is happening in the region. And it's about war you know. Because if you're national formation right if or if you're a bunch of tribes and you've got a consolidated federation of people's you're gonna lose but then we get you know eighth century b. c. e. the rise of empires in particular syria and the threat of assyria marching. You know or the egyptian empire has its second wind around this time. It's that process. That i think gets people thinking we've got come up. You know with a larger scale organization in army. And so josh. Shaw gives this army which is kind of being configured in real time it gives this army kind of heroic prehistory behind which people can march. And so it means you know that it works and doesn't work because the syrian army takes out the northern kingdom the kingdom of israel in seven twenty two but ends up sparing the kingdom of
"eight centuries" Discussed on Can We Health You?
"Hundred dollars of wine decided to go. Take it out on the tree stocking now. That only gosh. So as the games continue to progress they consisted eventually. The games consist of twenty three events including men's track and field equestrian events and additional events for boys. So now i just wanted to expand on the nudity in the game because i thought you might find that so there are two stories relating to the question of nudity in the ancient olympic games story states that the whole thing started because a runner from megara. he was named or post Was the first run naked in stadium race with. He lost his shorts so he was wearing. Shorts fell down. I guess he just kind of kicked them off kept guy. Yeah i guess that's what you and win So then there's a second story that suggests it was in fact the spartans who introduced nudity into the games in the eighth century bc as it was a spartan tradition to be nude all the time. I think the way i understood it is the spartans would actually battle naked my rain so they said that they were the best at that. Penn crashing yon ever pin creation. So i guess it was just kind of their thing and they make it like all the time all the other teams are like if versus spartans team. Gweat not so for my research. It seems fairly clear that by the eighth century nudity was common. Wow big game. I thought you were gonna say everybody stops. They started being a little modest. But now you're loud. Everybody because a great idea i mean. I wonder when it stopped. I guess you know in either doing olympics. Imagine if that's how it was. Now i mean some of the wrestling outfits. Are there near like barely there. Bradley barely are they are about simpson's yes right. I mean so. There's a runner pin. I mean they. Those shorts are so sure. yeah will their size. They're like holding out so muscular. Yeah yeah so. There's maybe that's a little bit of an image to the naked games or skinny short shorts savings but of course back then. No women participated by the by just that he mentioned that picture women fighting the noon little. Yeah they just. They just enjoyed themselves watching but they did. I'm sure they so. The last of the ancient games were staged in three and ninety three eighty and it took one thousand five hundred three years for the games to return so all that time break. Yeah so the first. Modern olympics were held in athens greece in eighteen ninety six. Interestingly the idea to bring back the games was actually conceived by a frenchman named baron. Pierre the coober teen okay and he actually wanted to unveil the modern olympics in paris in one thousand nine hundred so he wanted to be in paris..
The Conversation Between Buddhism and Science
"Was everyone gathered again? What were they trying to achieve by leaving Toledo? Yeah. Right so I grew up in. Alternative say alternative educational. Institution that was also a residential community, a on June, and this was in the nineteen seventies and it was called the Lindisfarne Association of. Lindisfarne. Is actually the name of Celtic Christian Monastery on the border between England and Scotland in the in the seventh eighth centuries in the dark ages. And the Lindisfarne Association where I grew up my father and mother were the founders of the of the organization and my father took the name Lindisfarne? Because he wanted a name that evokes the idea of learning the preservation of learning in the creation of new forms of learning in a time of crisis. In in the Dark Ages you could say, my father was a university professor. He was a professor of humanities at York University in Toronto. And he decided kind of at the height of his academic career. He had tenure he had published a number of books that he he didn't really feel that the universities were creating the kinds of learning and the kinds of individual and societal transformation that were needed for this time. This is early nineteen seventies, and so he quit his tenured position and he with. Seed funding money from a variety of different sources started the Lindisfarne Association and it started in Long Island new. York. So so we moved from Toronto to New York and then also we have center in New York City in Manhattan. And the idea was to bring together. Scholars Artists are religious scholars where teachers, spiritual teachers, philosophers, scientists, poets, activists, ecologists to bring them together into a conversation and also to create a residential community with curriculum of study in all of these different areas, and then of you could say spiritual practice at was a syncretic eclectic. That was represented by different teachers from different religious traditions in residence. For. The for the community members who were some of them were of all generations. So some of them were you know sort of drop out college students would come live there other were were older people obviously I was one of the kids who is growing up in this environment we had a we had a kind of alternative home schooling for the kids. As parts as part of the community and it was in this community in the studying that I really I was exposed to I. Guess You could say the Living Buddhism I had read about Buddhism. Kids books that my dad had given me. And so it was in that setting that I really encountered living Buddhism in the form of I. It was a teachers of Zen Buddhism. We had connections to the San Francisco's end center which at that time. was directed by the Abbot Richard Bay Karoshi he and my father knew each other and. Richard Baker she sent Zen monks, live the teachers there. And so that was kind of the environment in which I grew up as a as a kid. You mentioned that I think it was rid Anderson that came to the to the. Space. You noted how that change things for you. And so it got a little bit more or steer by the Read I. Think you are last. So you mentioned your eleven at the time. So you talk a little bit about that before and after
"eight centuries" Discussed on KQED Radio
"Popular tourist attraction get its name? Michael Ellis says. The story may surprise You hears his perspective when the Moors invaded and conquered Spain and Portugal in the eighth century A D. They brought with them more than just a perv architecture. Many of the Spanish words that begin with a el alma rant. A Ahmidan Alka don Alcohol, for example, are Arabic and origin. A L is thie article the to the Moors. The bucket on an irrigation wheel that scoops up water was called in Alcatraz. They incorrectly thought Pelican scooped up water in their large bill to carry to their young in the desert. So they named the Pelican Alcatraz. The Spanish seafarers. That word eventually came to me, not just pelicans, but any sea bird. When the first European Juan Manuel de Ayala, sailed into San Francisco Bay in 17 75, the local Aloni madam. Of course, these native peoples already had names for all the geographic features of the area. But I didn't stop old won his first morning in the bay. He was anchored near a tiny, dense patch of trees. So he named that place Sausalito, which means a little thicket of willows. The first island that he visited became Eastland Day, Los Angeles or Angel Island. After the Spanish tradition of naming places after the Catholic feast days closest to the Discovery Day. A nearby island. He christened Alcatraz for the thousands of sea birds wheeling around it. However, the island Ayala named Alcatraz was actually the one we now call your Buena Island. What? How that happened, and Englishmen mapping the San Francisco Bay in 18 26 made a mistake. Captain Beachy accidentally transcribed the name Alcatraz on to a much smaller nearby island, thereby cementing that error into the Royal Navy's nautical charts. Dear Bob Elena, the good Herb Island was probably named for the very abundant native men found Twining all over the island. So a faulty observation. Our European invasion and a typo resulted in the name of the number one tourist destination in the Bay Area. This is Michael Ellis With the perspective.
Saints of Spain; David Suchet Footsteps of St. Paul; Michelangelo In Florence
"Whether you're looking at Michelangelo's magnificent statue of David or you get caught up in a ruckus crowd at a street festival in Spain or even if you just listen to the wind whisper. What life was once like among the sun bleached ruins of the Mediterranean? Your travels can lift your spirit in many ways. Hi I'm Rick Steves in just a bit. We'll take a closer look at the world. Michelangelo lived in influence. Five hundred years ago and actor. David Suchet tells us how he retraced the route that Saint Paul traveled through the eastern Roman Empire. Nearly two thousand years ago. Let's start the hour with a look at how people in Spain honor the lives of important figures from their past. There are actually hundreds of national and regional saints in Spain. And you'll find that many of them get a festival that brings their communities out into the streets to celebrate to explain the role of Saint in the culture of Spain. We're joined now by tour guides or hate Roman from Madrid and Francisco Gloria from pump. Lona or Hey in Francisco. Happy Easter Thank. You thank you so. Spain is a Catholic country in in the church is a huge part of the political and spiritual past. To what extent is the Catholic Church? Still a big part of Spanish society. Today it is. I mean now. The government that we have now is very conservative and they relates a political issues with the church. Not Everybody is happy about that but still part of it and also the most of the celebrations in Spain national holidays. They advocated saints. Lady's name names. I think a lot how. How does the naming of children work compared to the Catholic faith? I mean you're or hey your Cisco do they have any with your parents. Passion for Saints a Whole Mike. As many Ms Francis Xavier because your middle name is executive because for some frantic savior was born in my town so and he was the first Jesuit Right. He was one of the founders of Jesuits Yep okay main signatures which is a very common name. Ignatius and Francisco Xavier. That's a common name where you come from pump loan and actually my name is the ACLU into English degeorge and is the only saint in the Catholic Church actually wasn't a saint also warrior that killed the Dragon Saint George killing the Dragon. Yeah it wasn't saying actually but so there are a lot of festivals when you travel in and almost all of them seem to be related to the church. Talk about a couple of the the great festivals in the Saints Days. That are important in your life in your travels Francisco I am from component the running of the Bulls on what we celebrate. The death of Seinfeld mean so. It's like huge huge celebration. That week starts July six hundred ends July fourteenth saint for me and I. You wouldn't even know who saint for me unless you went to. The running of the Bulls and pump. Lana developed comes from employees. They don't even know who he is attacked because everybody wears the red Kerchief around their neck and when people go to the running of the Bulls they wear this red neckerchiefs symbolism planet. We are under two hundred thousand people. I didn't know we. We welcome one million people and everybody's wearing white unread and nobody knows why like. Excuse me you do get excuse me. I'M A tour guide. I want to explain to you why. You're wearing this red handkerchief. That was the first person that was baptized employees and they cut his head for the recent. So what we represent the white outfit Represents Holiness and the Redmond nights the blood coming out of his neck so he was an early Christian. Pump Loner who was beheaded. Yes he was. We hit it. We say that he was beheaded any Pamplona although history tells us that he was beheaded in France. But Hey ho hey. From Madrid what festivals would impact a traveler when that we should know about quite Madrid? Not Maniacs you say but there is one very close which is Toledo the Corpus Christi is the big the there in Corpus Christi in Toledo is and that's the the corporate the body the body of Christ that's correct. Yeah and that's the Big Day in Toledo and they do bring some things to parade around. And he's part of a could be the equivalent of the beaches. Pelton SPAIN LIKELY. You have here states them. They're very conservative in there. That's interesting because in the United States We've got a region called the Bible Belt in Spain. Is there a region that would be the Bible belt get could be the political? Be One of them if you go around. Let's say like half Mouche from Madrid to the West from Madrid to the West Toledo Arbella. Salunke that part of your Browning what do you? What is your image of being? We'll have to think that we had the Muslim heritage Muslim heritage started to come down of it from the north down. Thanks Community Santos on James. Drake has just for the historic context. The Muslims came in and took over Spain and Portugal in from the eighth century until fourteen. Ninety two a good part of Spain was ruled by Muslim overlords. And then for centuries there was the RECON keystone reconquering has finally fourteen ninety two. The last Muslim was pushed out of Granada and back into Africa. What I make the difference that the Community Santiago okay. The origin was by the coast and it was the beginning of the Spanish reconquista. So this is the Camino Santiago. This is the big pilgrimage trail that cuts across from France all the way across north Spain the major city in the north west of Spain Santiago de Compostela. They'll go and How what's the historical roots for this pilgrimage? Because thousands and thousands of people make this high out there still do it people at the beginning they did it by the coast so those kingdoms those ancient kingdoms there the realize that whatever was going there were no Muslims so th would they decided to push it south and south and south and south until the Camino we know today so I am from the north in the north we barely have any Muslim heritage. We were more Christine. Must time before. But if you go down to under Lucia there you find. Churches generally built upon a mosque. Correct and mosque was built upon a church than they destroyed. If you go to civilian you see them at Nickerson Tarver. A Cathedral Tower actually was the minaret of the old mosque. So there's this layering of history. And what's very poignant to me? Is We hear about people. Being beheaded today in this struggle of fanatic Islam and Christians and so on but if you go to a church in southern Spain it's very common to see a man on a horse with a big sword cutting off the heads of Muslims and at the feet of the Horse. There's six or eight heads of beheaded Muslims as correct. Lose this man that is son James. The son teams we're representing three ways bishop as more slayer the more slayer so his. His nickname was saint. James the slater the more killer. Well enter the Moore's for the Muslims. Yeah most of our lives and today's politically incorrect. So we're beginning to cover those heads on the floor seriously. Some of those old statues and paintings are getting with put flowers well enough so you hide them so you hide you see a guy on a white horse with a sore but every time a Christian is just so disgusted by a Muslim fanatic. That cut off one of his people's heads we've got to remember. This is nothing new in history Spanish. I consider myself Catholic. We've been the worst ever I mean. We've inquisition the request. We have expelled. The Jews I mean with excuse of religion with Don's much bad. The inquisition is Sort of gift of Spain to the rest of Europe. What gave yeah. I poisoned gift. Would you describe the The inquisition you see the palace don't you out l. escorial that's right correct. What is the inquisition? Mean to to church history It's a sad episode. I mean this might personal opinion. Very site I mean also gave us practical thing. But it's a very very sad history. Every time I talk to them to my travelers about inquisition unites ties with Catholic moral and they kept going on.
"eight centuries" Discussed on WBZ NewsRadio 1030
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The First Milestone In The History of Economics
"You ever wonder we're economics. Came from yes or is that just us might just be also probably yes so the first ever work of economics that we know of was an ancient Greek poem from the Eighth Century BC it was called works and days by the poet. Hess Yod and and it wasn't anything like the more famous ancient Greek poems from that time like the Iliad or Odyssey poems about war and conquest Trojan horses and revenge. And seafaring thing. Yeah Hennessy. It's works in days was a different kind of poem. Here's how Stephen Matama. Historian of economic thought. Duke University describes it. It's not an epic tale. The you know there's no adventure there's no you know lovely young maiden waiting at the other end of the journey. It's just has. She had lecturing his brother. Tell him to quit being such a jerk nagging. Lovely young maiden isn't waiting at the end of my journey. It's the worst. So here's what was going on. Has Kids brother. Percy's was like the original slacker. The two brothers had inherited this biggest state from their parents but proceeds had blown his half of the wealth and was coming after US S. yet half bribing local Greek officials to give him more of it. Just had responded by doing what any of us would do lawyered up. No he invoked the mears's ears use and then wrote a long poem about the virtues of hard work as my second shaming Percy's and those corrupt local officials. That's right a Greek Greek poet telling his brother to stop being so lazy. freeloader is the first ever milestone in the history of economics the very first place where the kind of analytical reasoning reasoning used in economics is found. Stephen says what he's trying to do in part at least is explained to his brother. Y work work rather than a life of idleness is the appropriate way to live in the world. That we've been left in Stephen Just wrote a new book called the economics. gimmicks book from xenophon Decrypt Currency Two hundred fifty milestones in the history of economics. And the first of those milestones is has the odds works and days and the ideas that has got presents in his poem representing obviously primitive form of economics. But those ideas are still recognizable as concepts that are fundamental to economics
"eight centuries" Discussed on WBZ NewsRadio 1030
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"eight centuries" Discussed on KHVH 830AM
"Is designed by clowns who in turn are supervised by monkeys that's true for business report I'm Carole summer invested in time is running out to win five thousand dollars a week forever from publishers clearing house enter now at PCH dot com and you could win five thousand dollars a week for your life plus after that five thousand dollars a week for life for someone you choose don't miss your chance to win because five thousand dollars a week forever is guaranteed to be awarded on February twenty eighth century PCH dot com before it's too late thanks PCH dot com better hurry if you want the next big winner to be you enter at PCH dot com now increased due to twenty five no purchase necessary were prohibited re quemada hands got only on news radio eight thirty K. H. V. H. the whole country one rescue June we.
"eight centuries" Discussed on KLBJ 590AM
"Time's running out to win five thousand dollars a week forever from publishers clearing house enter now at PCH dot com and you could win five thousand dollars a week for your life plus after that five thousand dollars a week for life for someone you choose don't miss your chance to win because five thousand dollars a week forever is guaranteed to be awarded on February twenty eighth century PCH dot com before it's too late thanks PCH dot com better hurry if you want the next big winner to be you enter at PCH dot com now increased due to twenty five no purchase necessary void where prohibited equal opportunity is the cornerstone of the American dream being employed gives us the confidence to be financially independent we feel useful and respect but what.
"eight centuries" Discussed on Newsradio 1200 WOAI
"Out to win five thousand dollars a week forever from publishers clearing house enter now at PCH dot com and you could win five thousand dollars a week for your life plus after that five thousand dollars a week for life for someone you choose don't miss your chance to win because five thousand dollars a week forever is guaranteed to be awarded on February twenty eighth century PCH dot com before it's too late that's PCH dot com better hurry if you want the next big winner to be you enter at PCH dot com now increase due to twenty five no purchase necessary void where prohibited already boxing fans Mexico's undefeated high anymore the world's most explosive puncher and feared fighter he is here but the little Joel golden boy promotions with one little and crippled Solomon stands in his way do not call hello are you six roll Mike Campbell here serial entrepreneur with words from another happy customer sat at work extremely easier.
"eight centuries" Discussed on KLBJ 590AM
"Eighth century AD started the custom of using a tree in the celebration of Christmas others point to early Egyptian worshipper for trees however the first tree celebrations on December twenty fifth date in the region eight in Egypt chose the first four trees for celebration and what did that have to do with December twenty fifth back in a moment memorize from the tower of Babel fame was born on December twenty fifth around twenty two hundred BC an existing Babylonian stone carving depiction with wings on his back holding a perjury in one hand and the flying deer in the other he married his mother Semiramis Forrester after his father mysteriously died after Nimrod's murder his mother claimed that a full grown food Chery merge from a stop overnight and that his shirt would continue to fly around the tree on his birthday every year leaving presence being the she hung round balls on the tree representing aegs which was the promise of fertility if the people of memorized would continue to worship him for more treasures in history come to Campbell college dot com that's the light Glen Campbell thank you going on in the family of Glen Campbell.
"eight centuries" Discussed on Newsradio 1200 WOAI
"The Christmas tree this is Glen Campbell with lost treasures from history how did a further Cellini merge with our modern Christmas celebrations some have suggested the Saint Boniface the English missionary to Germany in the eighth century AD started the custom of using a tree and the celebration of Christmas others point to early Egyptian worshipper for trees however the first tree celebrations on December twenty fifth dead end originated in Asia who chose the first four trees for celebration and what did that have to do with December twenty fifth back in a moment name ride from the tower of Babel fame was born on December twenty fifth around twenty two hundred BC an existing Babylonian stone carving depiction with wings on his back holding a perjury in one hand and a flying beer in the other he married his mother Samara mass or Esther after his father mysteriously died after Nimrod's murder his mother claimed that a full grown food Shuri merged from a stop overnight and that his spirit would continue to fly around the tree on his birthday every year leaving presence being named she hung around balls on the tree representing aegs which was the promise of fertility if the people of Nimrod would continue to worship him for more treasures in history come to Campbell college dot com that's the late Glenn Campbell thank you going on in the family of Glen Campbell.
"eight centuries" Discussed on WCBM 680 AM
"Campbell when the air on our program quite often with some incredible stories and he was able to do some recordings of course before he passed on this one explaining the meaning of the Christmas tree this is Glen Campbell with lost treasures from history how do they further Chery emerge with our modern Christmas celebrations some have suggested this Saint Barnabas the English missionary to Germany in the eighth century AD start of the custom of using a tree in the celebration of Christmas others point to early Egyptian worshipper for trees however the first tree celebrations on December twenty fifth dead end originated in Asia who chose the first four trees for celebration and what did that have to do with December twenty fifth back in a moment name rides from the tower of Babel fame was born on December twenty fifth around twenty two hundred BC an existing Babylonian stone carving depiction with wings on his back holding a perjury in one hand and the flying deer in the other he married his mother Samara mass or Esther after his father mysteriously died after Nimrod's murder his mother claimed that a full grown food Chery merge from a strong overnight and that his spirit would continue to fly around the tree on his birthday every year leaving presence being the.
Decade in Review: The Economy
"Greg is the chief economics commentator at the Wall Street Journal. He's been covering the US economy not just for the past decade. But for the past past thirty years so greg let's go back in time. What did economists think would happen at the start of the decade when we were coming into the fall of two thousand and nine? We just come off the worst recession since the Great Depression and a lot of economists thought that Well we're going to have a recovery now and it's GonNa look like a lot of other recovery's that we've had so he thought interest rates. Is there close to zero. Now they're gonNA start rising out. Eventually they'll get to four percent. Unemployment was pretty high up around ten percent. Eventually it's going to get down to around five percent and it kind of makes sense because that's more or less what interest rates and unemployment had done in previous recovery's but they were wrong Interest rates stay low. They stay little year after that and you have to that and the year after that a it took a long time for them to start rising and even ten years later they had gotten nowhere near the four percent level. Everybody thought was normal. They're still oh well. Below two percent and run employment it kept dropping and dropping and dropping until ten years later was down to three and a half percent a level that nobody anticipated we could achieve so okay. They've gotten it wrong. Let's walk through the possible theories. The first one that you talked about is this debt hangover theory. What's out about so one of the theories about why things are so rough was became known as a hangover theory which was associated with Ken Rogoff at Harvard University and Carmen Reinhart also at Harvard and they wrote notable called this time is different eight centuries of financial folly and they basically carefully gone through every country that had ever gone through financial crisis to figure out? Well what can we learn about that. And they settled recovery from crisis or very very slow and the reason why is that businesses and households and banks of too much debt. That's why we had a crisis and so they're busy trying to pay down on that day. They're not borrowing new funds and making new investments. And also everybody's always afraid there's another crisis right around the corner so they wanNA keep all their money safe things like bank deposits deposits and treasury bonds. And so this kind of like aversion to taking any chances taking any risk keeps investment low growth low and because growth is low inflation is low and interest streets are low so that was a pretty popular for quite a few years about why things were mad and remember of course. It wasn't only the United States that had a crisis. The whole world had a financial crisis and then barely two years later. The euro-zone had a huge crisis where Greece defaulted and a bunch of other countries. Almost defaulted so that sounds like a pretty good explanation does is it. Work debt hangover theory certainly worked for several years. But you know after five or six years in the crisis was fading into the past and things were still looking Kinda lousy and folks were looking around saying You know maybe there's more to it than just the fact that we'd had a crisis maybe there's something more structural going on holding back the economy. Okay something more structure all something like secular stagnation right so around two thousand and thirteen Larry Summers who used to be the treasury secretary under Bill Clinton and was advisor Brock. Mama now now. He's at Harvard University. He comes out with a new theory for why things are so weak and he calls it secular stagnation and he gets a phrase from an economist. Also Harvard from back in the nineteen thirties. who used it to describe? Things were so weak during the Great Depression and summer says well look. There's a lot of structural things going on the economy that are holding growth interest rates low. Hello Demographics for example. Everybody around the world seems to be getting older and populations growing more slowly. Aging populations don't boroughs much money and businesses if they have fewer consumers there's and fewer workers they don't invest as much and he also said the nature of investments changed companies just don't invest as much of their profits as they used to they spend it on improving things like their software were algorithms. And so if you have a world where businesses and individuals. Just don't WanNa borough very much. That'll kind of Lee subdued growth in very low interest rates and that was a theory that seemed to work reasonably well for For quite a while not just the United States funding bunch of other countries as well like you know like Japan. Why doesn't secular organization explain how they got the decade all wrong at least in the United States while the secular tag nation argument Explains a few things like low interest rates but secular stagnation is also really gloomy. Let me theory like in the nineteen thirties. Unemployment State High Double Digits for quite a few years and that's clearly not happening in the United States. unemployment has continued to fall fairly steadily below four percent and the stock. Market's had terrific decade. I mean it's been a record bull market so maybe it's really pessimistic. Theory like secular stagnation isn't the whole story right. So unimplemented fifty year low. How could that possibly give us a better sense of what might have led to these wrong predictions for the past decade so when the unimplemented can fall as low as this so in the old days they used to unemployment couldn't fallen below five percent? Because then you would have bottlenecks in inflation but here we are at the three and a half percent unemployment rate and inflation remains extremely low. So that tells us something that economy just had a lot more spare resources a lot more people willing and able to work than we realized. And if that's the case then for the whole last decky economy has been operating well below its potential. There's a great big sort of gap between what the economy's been doing what it could do. And all that extra slack basically means that we have a lot of catching up to do and also means that there isn't a lot of pressure on inflation because there's a a lot of unused capacity sitting on the sidelines. A lot of workers who really WanNa work so if you spend a if you have a long way to catch up and you take a long time doing it. Then it's no surprise that inflation is low and it's no surprise that interest rates are low and also no surprise that the expansion has lasted a full decade. Somebody that could explain plane why we had this slow growth and low interest rates. It's not something that's fundamentally changed. The nature of the economy is just taking longer for things to get back to normal says Allah on it. Has the mystery been solved. You know the interesting thing is is that there is still a lively debate among economists about which of these theories is correct. Is it the debt hanger for theory. Is that the secular stagnation theory. Is that the just taking a long time to get back to normal theory. Is it a combination of all these things and a few things that we haven't even thought of and I guess the interesting thing is that we may have to wait another decade. Exactly why things behave the way they did in the last decade. Why should we care that? Economists got the decade wrong. Why should we care that? They couldn't accurately predict what the federal funds rate would be in the next year and the next two years three years a lot of our policies like but how high taxes should be how much we should we spend. How serious a problem is the budget deficit? How should interest rates go? They're all based around our suctions. About how fast the economy can grow at. How low unemployment should be able to go? So economists. Get all these things wrong than you have to rethink. What are the appropriate policies? So a lot of folks have been saying well. We're in big trouble because our debts. That's her so high but interest rates are so low in the private sector is not worried about government debts. Maybe we shouldn't worry either. And maybe it's okay to have larger deficits for longer than we used nice to think that's where the Federal Reserve when realizes that inflation has stayed for this long. There isn't as strong case raising interest rates as much so revisiting the last decade. Trying to figure out where you went wrong. It's pretty important for determining what the road policies are going forward.
"eight centuries" Discussed on KGO 810
"Since the Syrian Gregory the third who reigned in the eighth century just so you know this pope was born in when a sars thirteen a Catholic priest in nineteen sixty nine and slowly worked his way up until on February the twenty eighth two thousand thirteen he was selected to be the new pope and he took office on the thirteenth of March he took his papal name in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi now we know that throughout his public life pope Francis has been noted for his humility emphasis on god's mercy international visibility is pope concern for the poor commitment to interfaith dialogue I wrote an article on pope John the twenty third of which appeared in inside the Vatican I was honored that when the pope spoke of John the twenty third he spoke of the very things I talk about in my article now I want to say a word about this because something happened on this the pope's birthday the pope has declared that the rule of pontifical secrecy no longer applies to the sexual abuse of minors and what he's trying to do is to improve the transparency in such cases now you and I know that the church previously shrouded sexual abuse cases in secrecy in what is said was an effort to protect the privacy of victims but more important in my judgment the reputations of the accused and the church but this new papal document released today on the pope's birthday lifted restrictions on those report abuse or say they have been victims the church leaders called for the rules abolition at a February Vatican summit we talked about it in February it was their feelings that lifting the rule of such cases would improve transparency and the ability of the police and others civil legal authorities to request information from the church you and I know that information in abuse cases as the pope is now said should be treated with I want to quote directly from the pope security integrity and confidentiality that's what he said today he instructed Vatican officials to comply with civil law to assist civil judicial authorities in investigating such cases and by the way the pope also changed the Vatican's the definition of child **** did you know that I was amazed when I read this increasing the age of the subject from fourteen two eighteen or under I want to know what you think about this no I know that many will say it's too little too late afterall the church has been rocked by thousands of reports of sexual abuse by priests accusations of cover ups by senior clergy around the world and you and I know that the pope has faced serious pressure to provide leadership and generate workable solutions to this crisis I want to know whether you think this is too little too late four one five eight zero eight zero eight ten under the new instruction by the pope today on his birthday the pontifical secret no longer binds those working in offices of the Roman curia the confidentiality or other offenses if committed in conjunction with child abuse or child **** witnesses alleged victims and the person who filed the report are also to be unbound from obligatory silence this is the pope's eighty third birthday and his response some would say is not enough I'm asking you particularly if you were a victim of sexual abuse within the context of the church you remember that in the past the church has been accused of using secrecy laws as a justification for not reporting cases of abuse the consequences of breaching of the pontifical secret was excommunication from the church as of today that's not true anymore now well dition has been abolished does that make anybody feel better would anybody care to comment on what the pope is done I don't think it eases the burden of the crimes committed by priests and nuns but I'm asking you the simple question how do you react to this is a too little too late what people would say that this is the pope the head of the Catholic Church sovereign of the Vatican city state he is a monumental figure and by the way liberal Catholics are not happy with them at all because they say hasn't gone far enough I'm conservative Catholics are unhappy with them because he hasn't done enough today pope Francis is eighty three it was only last Friday of the pope celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of his ordination to the priesthood and on the occasion of his birthday not only has the pope been receiving messages of congratulations from all over the world but he's not lifted the pontifical secret rule in sex abuse cases up I want to ask you Lawrence just emailed me and said why are you making such a big thing of this and the answer is because it's a big deal it is don't.
"eight centuries" Discussed on KTOK
"Of thanks to military members serving overseas for the holidays our nation is with you and thanks you for all that you do god bless you and your families god bless the United States of America Jeff Manasa fox news fox on faith with Lauren green is the season for decking and those evergreens in lights glitter and gold it's part of the Christmas tradition but it wasn't always the Christmas tree is not a religious symbol like the cross or under to the scene in fact three centuries ago many questions nixed the idea of trees or even celebrating the birth of Jesus religion professor at Nicola dense the Lewis group rejected the use of the Christmas tree and the Puritans actually went ahead and band Christmas all together because it was a holiday that they felt again had pagan roots it had non Christian riffs however Christmas trees are tied to the spread of Christianity the earliest is thought to be the eighth century monk Saint Boniface as he converted the pagans of Germany and change their worship of an ancient oak tree revering the evergreen it's triangle shape a reminder of the Trinity of father son and Holy Spirit from the sixteenth century German priest Martin Luther is credited with putting the lights on evergreens to honor the birth of Jesus with the Bible calls the true light come into the world of awesome free Lorne green box news giving you the business someone develop with the fox business network for fourteen years Derek Turton was the music manager for the artist Winterton smother passed away in twenty thirteen he started thinking about his legacy that was me when I'm on the market and although I was a part of a lot of successful things I didn't only right so I want to start focusing on something that I could hone in generational wealth Turton who has a culinary degree began operating a food truck instead of planned routes and lock them in a ten year lease I was able to go and kind okay well is working over here now we're gonna live as a matter.
"eight centuries" Discussed on KFI AM 640
"Fires burned more than six hundred acres as well as eight home six have been damaged a couple of state lawmakers have plans to introduce a bill designed to help prevent wildfires assemblyman James Gallagher told KFI is John and Ken show more money needs to be spent on replacing P. G. Anne's infrastructure in northern California the stuff is old and it's sparking that you know how the lines that spark or having towers to collapse the bill from Gallagher and his colleagues state senator Jim Nelson would put a pause on California's renewable power mandates until infrastructure and vegetation management conditions improved by the way Gallagher and Nielsen represent the town of paradise which was almost burned off the map in a fire last year that was California's deadliest and most destructive at least one person has been hurt in a gun fight outside a market in north Hollywood police were called around nine yesterday morning for a shoot out at a Sherman way and coldwater canyon a police say the owner of the market I got into a shoot out with Armenian gang members would return well store employees were cleaning off the gangs graffiti going right now for a crash in Inglewood on the southbound side of the four oh five eight century Boulevard you have a wreck involving a big rig into other cars couple right lanes are affected the C. H. P.'s in the senior out slimming down here from la Cienega we had a down totally north on some of the one the one before the one ten car spun out if the Senate divider bounce back in the left lane C. H. P.'s on scene here at the slow down from before Grand Avenue full freeway closure and what a park north down some of the five at Artesia Boulevard all lanes closed to get everybody off there till five you're slow from beach you can get back on a Carmen either they also set up a full freeway closure in the city of orange for west on twenty two all in shut down the main street to take everybody off the freeway there until five AM KFI in the sky helps get you there faster I'm.
Witches & Saints: Brigid of Kildare
"Patron seats according to her biographers. She lived a truly extraordinary life. She was an early Irish Christian nun abbess and founder of several monasteries including the famous and revered revered monastery at killed air. Let's talk about Saint Brigid of Kildare. According to seventh and eighth century sources are earliest accounts of bridget's. Life Bridget was born around four fifty one when Christianity was first starting to make its way into the country. Her mother was a Christian slave who had been baptized op ties by Saint Patrick himself and her father was a pagan chieftain of Leinster. One source claims that after bridget's mom became pregnant with her master's child his wife forced him to sell the pregnant slave to a druid so bridget was born into slavery at this point in the available double biographies. Bridget's life starts to take on a legendary tinge. It's claimed that as a child bridget would bomb it anytime time the druid would feed her due to his pagan impurity. Instead bridget was fed by a special white cow with red ears bridget was also reported to regularly perform miracles as a child including healings and making food appear out of thin air at the age of ten bridget was returned to her father's house to work as a household slave. She quickly got in trouble for giving away his belongings to people in need her father. I was so angry with her that he took her to the king of Leinster to sell her however the king recognized bridget's charitable nature and holiness and convinced her father to set her free bridget gained the powers of an abyss from one of several famous early Irish Christians though the sources don't agree on which one according to tradition around four eighty brigid founded a monastery at Kildare on the site of a pagan shrine to the Celtic Goddess brigid aged served by a group of young women tending an eternal flame bridget is credited with founding to monastic institutions at Kildare one for men men and the other for women a first Ireland bridget invited Khan left a Christian Hermit to Helper in Kildare as pastor for Centuries Kildare continued to follow the tradition of being run by a double line of Abbot Bishops Abbas Bridget and her abbey were so revered the the Abbess of Kildare became regarded as superior general of the monasteries in Ireland from that point on under Brigid Kildare became a powerful cathedral city and a major centre learning and religion in Ireland brigid is credited with founding school of art there but the focus on metalwork and elimination those skills were used to create many beautiful manuscripts including the book of Kildare Particularly Impressive Illuminated manuscript it has since been lost to history she performed various miracles of differing import and she enjoyed a wonderful friendship with Saint Patrick Ireland's patron saint on February. First five twenty five rigid is said to have died at killed air suffice it to say Brigid of Kildare life was incredible from the beginning to the very end but how much of it actually happened among scholars. Today Brigid of Kildare is a controversial figure. Some believe that bridge it wasn't a real person but a legendary figure based on the Celtic Goddess brigid and melted into early Irish Irish Christianity Christianizing local religious deities was a common way to introduce and bring pain populations into the new Christian religion be scholars point to the supernatural events miracles and folklore associated with Saint Bridget that share commonalities reflections of the Pagan Goddess other scholars believe that bridget was not a legend who became recorded over time as a real person but rather a real person who became recorded over time as a legend those with that perspective say that bridge it was a real person who took on the Celtic Goddess Bridget's attributes as her story was retold over the centuries. We're unlikely to ever have a definitive historical answer to the mystery of Saint Brigid but whichever perspective effective you adhere to it's clear that Brigid of Kildare was and continues to be an important symbol of Irish Christianity tune in tomorrow for the story of another remarkable woman from throughout
Notre Dame, Notre Dame Cathedral And Paris discussed on 790 KABC Programming
"Begin with the big news out of France. The burning of the Notre Dame cathedral. Their lead. The outer structure was indeed saved according to French fire services Sky News says flames broke out at the twelfth century building on Monday evening, quickly devastating this fire and roof and sending plumes of smoke into the sky. One fire was serious firefighter was seriously injured local media say police were treating the blaze as an accident. French president Emmanuel Macron's and he was so sad tonight to see this part of us all burn declared, a national emergency speaking from the scene in Paris express, sympathy with Catholics around the world following the terrible tragedy. But added that the worst had been avoided, and then he vowed to launch an international fundraising campaign, for instance, minister originally warned that the four hundred firefighters scrambled to the scene would not be enough to save the cathedral. But a junior minister from the department later said they were more optimistic that the cathedral itself could be spared. A French firefighter official confirmed that Notre Dame structure and two towers had indeed been saved from total destruction Prime Minister Theresa may said her thoughts with the people of France tonight. And with the emergency services are fighting the terrible blades, the video of it was just. Astonishing and shocking the area where the spire once was was still burning with sparks falling from the cathedral vaulted ceiling as of Monday night, people outside were singing hymns and gasping as they watch much of the much of the cathedral burned to the ground. The Paris mayor and had although urged the public to respect the security perimeter around the cathedral while firefighters tackled. The terrible blaze added that the areas close to the scene were evacuated. Rich Lowry over at national review has a good review about what exactly Notre dominant means. Does Notre Dame stands for so many qualities that we now lack patients and staying power the cultivation of beauty a deep religious faith, the cultural confidence and ambition to build a timeless monument of our civilization that the collapse of inspire is almost too much to bear the great novelist. Victor Hugo who did so much provide interest in the cathedral when it was in disrepair in the nineteen th century wrote. How quote every surface every stone of this. Venerable pile is a page of the history, not only of the country, but of science and art work of generations completed across three centuries in triumph over considerable arc. Conceptual and logistical challenges at arose at the original site of a pagan temple thousands of tons of stone has to be transported from outside Paris, one ox-cart or barge at a time. So cheated soaring height and hold up at ceiling and walls relied on the architectural innovations of the rib vaults and the flying buttress France, built eighty cathedrals in five hundred large churches across this period says rich lower there's only one at Notre Dame of Paris gothic jewel who's towers prior. To the advent of the Eiffel tower the tallest structure in the city. It is or one hates to think was torn by what are culturally significant artifacts in their own, right. The statutory meant to illustrate the story of the bible and to all worshippers couldn't read the stained glass windows, that took ingenuity to embed in stone, walls and are themselves are tick Marvel's the Oregon with more than eight thousand pipes the bells with their names, including the largest masterpiece. Emmanuel dating back to the fifteenth century and recast in sixteen eighty one not to mention the religious relics. That means so much to the Catholic faithful it has been the of countless processions in services to petition and thank God on behalf of the French nation. It is where less is. Marriages and funerals occurred or Napoleon crowned himself emperor or Charles de Gaulle attended a mass to celebrate the liberation of Paris in nineteen forty four riflefire echoing outside it's revived the rampages of iconoclastic huge knots in the sixteenth century the depredation of radicals during the French revolution into the eighteenth century. They transformed it into a friend to the cult of reason used it. As a warehouse in wanted to melt down the bells and incidental damage during two world wars in the twentieth century all the while at accumulated layers in history. And meaning it's great advocate Hugo author of the famous Hunchback of Notre Dame wrote of how the greatest productions of architecture are not so much work of individuals as a community. I rather the offspring of a nation's labor than the outcome of individual genius that a positive a whole people the heaped up treasurer of centuries, the residual left by successive evaporation of human society in a word a species of formations each wave of time leaves it's coating of Luhya alluvial each race deposits layers on the monuments, each individual contribute to stone to it. And that of course is exactly right is amazing at tweeted something out that I thought frankly was. Was really uncontroversial. I tweeted out that Notre Dom was a was a totem to western civilization and of western civilization, and people that very upset with this particularly a lot of folks on the left were very upset with this. I tweeted out if we wish to uphold the beauty and profundity of the Notre Dame cathedral means reefa millions ourselves with the philosophy and religious principles that built it means reefa. Millions ref- Amelia rising ourselves with the precepts of Catholicism with western history with what Catholicism was without contributed to the west. And all this stuff seems deeply important to me this became very controversial lot of folks on the left were very upset with me for suggesting this. They said why can't we just appreciate it just as a piece of art? You can appreciate it. However you want, but if you want to know why so many people in the west were deeply affected by the burning of Notre Dom. It wasn't just because it was icon. Ick is because Notre Dame holds deeper meaning because it is a totem of a chain of history that culminates in the modern west. They can see the sort of sort of anodyne version of mourning for the cathedral from Ilhan, mar she tweeted out art and architecture have unique ability to help us connect across our differences and bring people together and important ways. Thinking of the people of Paris in praying for every first responder trying to save this wonder. Again, it's fine to look at Notre Dame is just art and architecture, but it has deeper resonance than that. And that was the point that I was making is that the residents of Notre nam is about the faith that inspired. Notre and listen, this is coming from a Jew this coming for an orthodox Jew house. So important to remember then note for Dom is again a historical monument to the chain of history of which we are apart and Ronin entire book about this. My book the right side of history talks about this chain of history Judeo Christian history of the west and how Judaism and Christianity combined with Greek reason in play in intention created the world in which we live. I want to read a section from the talking about the period during which Notre Dame was built Notre Dame. Of course was built during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Took a couple of centuries to complete which in and of itself. Is an amazing testament to the human mind ends of the power of the eternal to inspire the human mind. Because after all why plant the tree if you're not going to get to sit in its shade. Why build a building if you know that you're not gonna get completed because our task is not to complete the building. Our task is to join in the building of that structure in the first place. Here's what I talk about in my book with regard to this period in western history. From the fall of Rome through the twelfth century. Christianity would spread from its base in the Italian peninsula in the British Isles, France, Germany, and eventually the Nordic countries as well. Well, understand had posited. A great divide between the city of God. In the city of van. The Catholic church was quite active in the city of man, the church receive tithes from Christians the Continente over had its own ecclesiastical courts by the tenth century, the church was the single largest landowner in western Europe kings found their legitimacy through the conduit of the church and battles with the church to expand their own power. Holy Roman Emperor. Henry the fourth walk barefoot in the snow earn back the approval of pope, Gregory the seventh and within seconds of England eleven thirty three to eleven eighty nine had himself flogged in order to win back. The. Approval of his Christian population. After accidents ordering the death of archbishop Thomas Becket popular history maintains that this period represents the dark ages, but that's simply inaccurate progress. Continued as Christianity spread the monastic system centralized learning in monasteries where priests nuns devoted themselves with Sediq pursuit of divine understanding in educational terms this devotion revolved around scripture. The Benedictine monks. For example, lived under the rules created by Saint Benedictine for eighty two five forty seven a set of orders regarding the hierarchy of monasteries the behavior by which to abide and the requirements of work the arts thrived in the monastic system manuscripts were preserved by monks devoted to writing new copies and beautifying them in the monastic system. The liberal arts taught by the Greeks and the Romans as championed by Cicero and Seneca among others survived albeit in Spiritualized form gusted himself, despite his distaste for paganism suggested that the liberal arts education could be hijacked for service to God. I'll Guston likened such cultural appropriation to the Jews taking gold during the biblical exodus. These liberal arts were categorized by the philosopher both into the famous Quadra, verion music, arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy and trivia, grammar rhetoric and logic. Meanwhile, the middle ages saw technological revolution. In agriculture, the rise of commerce institution of new forms of art ranging from polyphonic music to gothic architecture. Notre Dame would be a perfect example of gothic architecture. It also saw new developments in the art of war with technology developments that would allow the west to defeat its enemies in the course of coming centuries while many history historians tout the power of Islamic civilization during this time period and Islam civilization did thrive on the Arabian peninsula, particularly when his Llamas civilization came up against western civilization. At the battle of tours Islamic forces were soundly defeated by the eighth century. Christian leaders were crusading against enslavement, except notably for the enslavement of Muslim war. Captives monasteries were engaging in proto capitalism as well. Furthermore, the Catholic church was responsible for learning and teaching virtually all literacy sprang from honest, Aries still the modern world could not have been created. Under these circumstances. But I write my book faith provided individual moral purpose faith provided collective moral purpose, but while individual capacity was bolstered by the doctrinal belief in free will and the value of work reason had been made secondary to faith. Well, collective capacity was bolstered by the presence of a strong social fabric. The all encompassing. Power of the Catholic church and the rule of monarchs that that individual choice. It was heavily circumscribed even education had been radically reoriented toward the church ultra knowledge lay in the bible. The liberal arts were only useful so far as they bolstered the biblical story for science and democracy. Take hold in the west reason would have to be elevated once more
Why Do We Trick-Or-Treat on Halloween?
"In Leuven ad today. I wanted to tell you about one of our compatriot podcasts here at how stuff works Daniel and Horry explain the universe in which physicist, Daniel Whiteson and cartoonist or hey chum breakdown. All the amazing things, we know and don't know about our wild universe. They talk through some of the biggest questions in science like how did the universe begin? What is everything made of can we travel back in time? And where do my socks go after I put them in the dryer. It's recommended for anyone who wants their mind blown by awesome science or commuters who just wish they were out in space. New episodes come out approximately pie divided by two times a week on Tuesdays and Thursdays. You can check out Daniel her. Hey, explain the universe on apple podcasts or wherever you like to listen. Welcome to brain stuff from how stuff works. Hey, rain stuff. Lauren Boko bomb here to grasp the rhyme and reason of why children, Don ridiculous, costumes and banged down. Doors demanding candy once a year, we must rewind the clock a couple of millennia and visit the ancient Celtic clans of Britain, the Celts celebrated the end to fall harvest and the beginning of their new year with the pagan festival, Sal wean which fell on November first on the night before the celebration. Commenced the dead were thought to travel back home for their annual visit to frighten away any accompanying evil spirits, the Celts lit fires around the countryside and some dressed in disguise when venturing into the Erie outdoors to avoid being recognized by familiar, but less than friendly ghosts, traces of these rituals persisted as centuries wore on and even as the Catholic church sought to abolish these pagan pastimes and the eighth century the church began commemorating the feast of All Saints on November I possibly as a replacement for Salween the preceding day became known as all hallows eve was further. Sean. Shortened to Halloween as the secular Salween and sacred all hollows intertwined, the dead spirits. The characterized the holiday assumed more negative connotations at hence, the modern Halloween. Icons of scary witches ghosts and ghouls to appease these evil spirits, people left food and drink outside to protect their homes from spiritual retaliation, gradually savvy. Celebrants took advantage of the tasty offerings by dressing up as the dead and trekking from door to door to ask for provisions in exchange for protection from wicked spirits, according to the American Folklife center the practice, which became known as mumbling served as a precedent for trick. Or treating in England. The poor would organize soul parades to bed for alms on all hallows eve and exchange for prayers to deliver dead souls from purgatory to heaven as the years wore on children took over the tradition. Calling themselves solar 's bands of children would knock on doors and sing songs in return for sweet current topped breads called soul. Cakes the trick or treating custom crossed the Atlantic with the influx of immigrants from England and Ireland who moved to the United States in the mid eighteen hundreds but trick or treating wasn't widely popular in the United States until around nineteen forty before. Then the mischievous holiday had spiraled into an adolescent free for all marked by rampant. Vandalism and excessive tomfoolery as communities sought to provide alternate Halloween activities for the local youth trick or treating as we know it today gradually caught on retailers. Also noticed the trend and began offering ready made costumes and candy manufacturers seized on this golden opportunity in the late nineteen seventies and early eighties. Sensational reports of razors and candy apples, treats laced with laxatives and other horror stories dealt a blow to trick or treating nonetheless, the tradition is still alive. And well today just ask the national confectioners association this pumpkin hued holiday takes the cake for the highest candy sales of the year in two thousand eighteen Americans are expected to shell out. About nine billion dollars for Halloween candy, but in spite of halloween's commercial appeal, those ancient Celtic rights still echo on as hordes of costume children trick or treat every year in the October twilight. Today's episode was written by Kristen conger and produced by Tyler clang to hear more from Kristen check out her podcast unladylike, they've got a book out to and of course for more on this and lots of other treats, visit our home planet. How stuff works dot com. Hi, I'm Daniel am Horry. And we're here to tell you all about our brand new podcast Daniel, and hey, explain the universe in this podcast. When I talk about a lot of things mostly about physics and the universe in all those big mysteries. Scientists a lot of
Special throne for Japan's next emperor arrives in Tokyo
"The monumental imperial throne for the coronation of Japan's new emperor has arrived in Tokyo from an ancient imperial palace in Kyoto crown prince narrow hito will become Japan's next emperor on may first of next year after his father Emperor Akihito who's eighty four abdicates the throne which the imperial household agency says it's been used since around the eighth century will be used at the ceremony in October of twenty nineteen when narrow hito formally announces his succession that palaces the structure was taken apart for its delivery. And they'll be repaired. Fine tuned and reassembled by