24 Burst results for "Dwight D. Eisenhower"
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
"Master Brinkman. It seems that he made the right choices and achieve the outcomes that he had wanted. He did maintain America's commitments. Vietnam his decision to not intervene with ground troops was a wise one, as it gave America a much needed respite from war. After he ended the Korean War America only suffered one casualty in combat during the Eisenhower Administration despite facing multiple dangerous confrontations. Meanwhile. He Got China to back down over Taiwan twice while affirming or commitment to Taipei. In Eisenhower's words quote. The United States never lost a soldier or foot of grounded my administration by God. It didn't happen. I'll tell you that. Of course he was not perfect. Perhaps he misjudged American reaction to. Like Sputnik. But he did so with good intentions, remaining even Keel in times of panic. Ultimately as I said before. It's hard to argue with results. Eisenhower set out with the goal of strengthening America for a long term struggle in the most cost effective way possible. He felt that the best way was to keep spending low rely heavily on nuclear weapons. Maintain the peace and give Americans the space. They needed to prosper to build a foundation needed to stain the effort against the Soviet Union. Eisenhower largely succeeded in these goals. And the American people were better off for it. Unemployment and inflation remained low personal income increased by forty five percent. Americans were buying homes, cars and TV's. When he headed off power to President Kennedy. The nation was stronger and better prepared to bear the burden as leader of the free world. Dwight D Eisenhower was more than a transitional figure. He was probably the last president of his kind a military hero above politics. He was a great American warrior who having fought history's worst war dedicated his life to piece. His story reminds us. That leadership isn't just about glory. It isn't just about image. It's also about the quiet determination to get things done regardless.
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
"General. What about the the? Soviet Union Khrushchev Announces tomorrow which I think he will that if we attack Cuba, it's going to be nuclear war And what your judgment as to the chances? They'll fire these things off if we invade Cuba. The only. Other. Where'd you would take that risk if the situation however? What you do. You full thing is. A serious thing. here on our plane that we're going to be uneasy and we know. Thing happening now. All right. You've got to something. Something may make these people shoot them off I just don't believe that's. Right. I'll say this. I WANNA. Keep my own people very alert, yeah! So hang on tight. Eisenhower brushed off any fear of nuclear war. You have to love Kennedy's reaction. He just chuckles. It seemed that none of the most experienced men in the country seem to fear the possibility of nuclear war. And you have to wonder how much of this was the wily old general giving Kennedy a taste of his own medicine. Remember. Kennedy had bashed Eisenhower during the nineteen sixty campaign, implying that he had lost Cuba and that he had allowed the Soviets to get ahead of the United States. Did Eisenhower enjoy telling Kennedy that he had to be tough. Remember Eisenhower was peeved that Kennedy had said that. Eisenhower wasn't being strong in the Communists now. He was telling Kennedy that he had to be willing to face nuclear war directly. Of course Eisenhower himself was willing to face nuclear war. During his own presidency, he was quite willing to threaten nuclear war and go right up to the brink. But. He had also worked very hard to avoid getting involved in any wars. Threaten nuclear. War As a way to deter war. By nineteen sixty eight. Eisenhower's health was failing that year. He endorsed his former vice. President Richard Nixon in his second bid for the presidency. He lived to see Nixon elected that fall. By early the following year his heart was failing. And he spent his last days in Walter Reed Army Medical Center he died on March Twenty, eighth, nineteen, sixty nine at the age of seventy eight. In nineteen sixty two poll presidential historian. Dwight, D Eisenhower was named the twenty-first greatest president out of thirty one presidents assessed. In other words. America's historians ranked him as below average. In two thousand seventeen, another poll among historians ranked Eisenhower as the fifth greatest president. Ahead of Thomas Jefferson Harry Truman and John F Kennedy. I'm not a fan of presidential rankings. But they are an indication of something of historic reputation. These polls lead us to ask. How did Eisenhower's reputation make such a dramatic leap? Well there are several factors at work. I is in was the victim of perception. Some of the same things that made eisenhower popular is winning smile. His calm demeanor made people think that he was nothing more than an old benign leader. But historians who have studied him since acknowledged that he was fully in charge of his presidency. And once he was determined to pursue a course could not be dissuaded. Many now realize that behind that smile was a cold blooded strategist. He was after all a master poker player, and although the Eisenhower years appeared as years of drift to some, when compared to the years of chaos and ill-conceived military adventures that followed. They seem to look better and better as we learn more about Eisenhower. His reputation gets better with age. Second Presidents that served during one giant identifiable crisis or major event tend to get more attention. Lincoln had the civil war in FDR, had the depression and World War Two? It's easier to identify those presidents and studied the decisions that they made. With Eisenhower. You have a presidency who had a host of smaller crises although those crises had major implications for world peace. Americans and historians don't just have one major crisis to attribute to him. They have a lot more that they have to remember like Taiwan the Suez Canal Iran and Mows Day and Lebanon. This makes it harder to some him up in simple terms as a great president. It also reveals a bias I think in evaluating presidents. There is a certain bias towards presidents who have giant historical accomplishments. One of my friends once said that Eisenhower was just that transitional president. He didn't have the impact that others did like FDR with social security and the new deal. Well obviously how one feels about those policies depends on their political views. But I. also think that these critics are missing something. Presidents don't get to choose the challenges they have to face. Eisenhower didn't have one huge crisis that allowed him to make his mark the way. The depression gave FDR implement his new deal policies. I think that adjusting one's evaluation for context is critical to evaluating presidents. So the question is less what. The thing that he accomplished and more. How did he handle the challenges that he faced? Throughout his presidency, Eisenhower was faced with multiple crises. That Risk Nuclear War American credibility. Think of the list. Korea Taiwan, the sewage canal, Iran Guatemala, Vietnam, Lebanon Hungary, and the U2 incident. Several Times Eisenhower was willing to go to the brink of nuclear war. There's a fair debate about the risks. Eisenhower, it was willing to take whether he should have been willing to risk so much. But again it's hard to argue with the results. Under Eisenhower. America kept the peace and maintained its strategic advantage, just as Eisenhower had intended. He worked hard to maintain stability in the cold, War World of delicate balance in the age of nuclear missiles. Like few presidents before him, he walked tight rope. But his emphasis on balance paid off. One of his great achievements was to reduce the budget deficit while protecting America. Eisenhower reduced defense spending as a percentage of total spending from seventy percent of the total budget in one, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, four fifty one percent in nineteen, sixty one. And yet according to historian John Lewis Gaddis quote these cuts produced no net reduction in American. Military strength relative to that of the Soviet Union. If anything, United States was in a stronger position, vis-a-vis its major competitor at the end of Eisenhower's term than it was at the beginning. Eisenhower even ended up signing three balanced budgets feet, not duplicated until the Nineteen Ninety S. Eisenhower was a man who knew what he was doing on. The world stage here remained calm during crises refrained from overreaction, and he acted decisively when he had to. He succeeded in leveraging unpredictability, intervening in some areas and not intervening and others. He was willing to gamble with the highest stakes, and throughout all that time. He never showed his hand. It still doesn't seem clear whether. Eisenhower was really willing to make good on his threats to use the bomb. His son who served in the White House during his presidency, said quote I never knew whether dad would have used nuclear weapons. He would never say. His aides including General Andrew Good. And his brother Milton. Disagree on whether Eisenhower was bluffing. All of this is a sign of a.
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
"Have to face. Eisenhower didn't have one huge crisis that allowed him to make his mark the way. The depression gave FDR implement his new deal policies. I think that adjusting one's evaluation for context is critical to evaluating presidents. So the question is less what. The thing that he accomplished and more, how did he handle the challenges that he faced? Throughout his presidency, Eisenhower was faced with multiple crises. That Risk Nuclear War American credibility. Think of the list. Korea Taiwan. The sewage canal Iran. Guatemala Vietnam Lebanon Hungary and the U2 incident. Several Times Eisenhower was willing to go to the brink of nuclear war. There's a fair debate about the risks Eisenhower. It was willing to take whether he should have been willing to risk so much. But again it's hard to argue with the results. Under Eisenhower America kept the peace and maintained its strategic advantage, just as Eisenhower had intended. He worked hard to maintain stability in the Cold War world of delicate balance in the age of nuclear missiles. Like few presidents before him, he walked a tightrope. But his emphasis on balance paid off. One of his great achievements was to reduce the budget deficit while protecting America. Eisenhower reduced defense spending as a percentage of total spending from seventy percent of the total budget in one, thousand, nine, hundred, eighty, four, fifty one percent in nineteen, sixty one. And yet according to historian, John Lewis Gaddis quote. These cuts produced no net reduction in American military strength relative to that of the Soviet Union, if anything United States was in a stronger position vis-a-vis its major competitor at the end of Eisenhower's term than it was at the beginning. Eisenhower even ended up signing three balanced budgets feet, not duplicated until the Nineteen Ninety S. Eisenhower was a man who knew what he was doing on. The world stage here remained calm during crises refrained from overreaction, and he acted decisively when he had to. He succeeded in leveraging unpredictability, intervening in some areas and not intervening and others. He was willing to gamble with the highest stakes, and throughout all that time he never showed his hand. It still doesn't seem clear. Whether Eisenhower was really willing to make good on his threats to use the bomb. His son who served in the White House during his presidency, said quote I never knew dad would have used nuclear weapons. He would never say. His aides including. General Andrew Goodpaster and his brother Milton disagree on whether Eisenhower was bluffing. All of this is a sign of a master Brinkman. On the whole, it seems that he made the right choices and achieve the outcomes that he had wanted. He did maintain America's commitments, Vietnam, his decision to not intervene with ground troops was a wise one as it gave America a much needed respite from war. After. He ended the Korean War. America only suffered. One has realty in combat during the. Eisenhower, administration despite facing multiple dangerous confrontations. Meanwhile he got China to back down over Taiwan twice while affirming our movement to Taipei. In Eisenhower's words quote. The United States never lost a soldier or foot of grounded my administration by God. It didn't happen. I'll tell you that. Of course he was not perfect. Perhaps he misjudged American reaction to. Like Sputnik. But he did so with good intentions, remaining even Keel in times of panic. Ultimately as I said before, it's hard to argue with results. Eisenhower set out with the goal of strengthening America for a long term struggle in the most cost effective way possible. He felt that the best way was to keep spending low rely heavily on nuclear weapons. Maintain the peace and give Americans the space. They needed to prosper to build a foundation needed to stain the effort against the Soviet Union. Eisenhower largely succeeded in these goals. And the American people were better off for it. Unemployment and inflation remained low personal income increased by forty five percent. Americans were buying homes, cars and TV's. When he headed off power to President Kennedy. The nation was stronger and better prepared to bear the burden as leader of the free world. Dwight D Eisenhower was more than a transitional figure. He was probably the last president of his kind a military hero up of politics. He was a great American warrior who having fought history's worst score dedicated his life. His story reminds us. That leadership isn't just about glory. It isn't just about image. It's also about the quiet determination to get things done regardless.
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
"Right after the coup was on initiated by the CIA. Eisenhower authorized to American fighter jets to provide air support. On June twenty, seven, thousand, nine, hundred, fifty, four, Arbenz resigned and fled the nation. In his place was in American, backed junta that reversed arbenz reforms and installed a military dictatorship. Left wing resistance to this regime developed and led to the Guatemalan civil war from nineteen sixty to nineteen sixty six. Just as in Iran, many historians consider the connection between the Soviets and the Guatemalans to be shaky at best although there were strong leftist elements in the country with sympathy for communism. And it is true that the Soviets were promoting communist revolution abroad too many cold warriors, and those who oppose Communism Eisenhower's actions were justified, his hardball tactics to stop a ruthless ideology, and whether or not most day. Arbenz had close Soviet ties is immaterial. But detractors point out that those moves fostered resentment among the Iranians and those in Latin America. They argue that while the new look policy was designed to roll back the Soviet Union on the cheap. The United States would incur long term costs that it had yet to foresee. And they also argue that America was violating the sovereignty of other nations, which was especially unsavory, since in the case of Guatemala, it involved corporate interests including those tied to Secretary Dulles. Personally, I do think it's important to remember who the United States was dealing with. In the Soviet Union America was dealing with a ruthless regime that was oppressing millions of people and seeking to expand abroad. And with an ideology that was based on class, not the fundamental rules of nation states. It had little respect for international norms. This was the assessment of the Soviet Union that both Democrats and Republicans agreed upon. Whether or not one agrees with Eisenhower's actions here it's hard to imagine containing such an aggressive ideology without having to make tough decisions like these were, it seemed necessary to preempt the Soviets from gaining any followers in the third world. These are the difficult choices that a superpower leading the free world must confront that many other countries don't have to face. And while the regime's installed by the United States worth or -Tarian, it is rarely asked what would have happened if socialist regimes even if they were democratically elected persisted in those countries. Perhaps? Such regimes would have devolved into socialist dictatorships with stagnating economies, leaving them far worse off. Of course, all these points will continue to be debated. I said earlier that Eisenhower's presidency was one of crises that the popular image of the Nineteen Fifties of I love Lucy and leave it to beaver actually belies the dangers that it faced dangers that always involved the threat of nuclear war, well to crises would erupt in nineteen, fifty, four and fifty five that would test Eisenhower's resolve and his new look policy. In Southeast Asia. The French were waging in Vietnam. One of its colonies suppressant independence movement, but it faced stiff resistance led by communist leader Ho. Chi Minh. Hose efforts were aided in varying degrees by the Soviets and. By the spring of Nineteen, fifty four, the French and the Vietnamese were fighting in the city of the NBN Fu. Dulles advised Eisenhower to increase support for the French which he did. By the end of the year, the United States had supplied three hundred thousand small arms and spent one billion dollars to support the French eighty percent of the total cost of the War America was basically underwriting Francis. War in Indochina, many of Eisenhower's advisers believed that the domino theory was at work here if Communists got a foothold in Vietnam, then the whole region would as well Eisenhower believed this himself, but he also was leery about American involvement for two reasons. First, he felt it. Put the US in the position of defending colonialism. He reportedly said that it was all part of a quote. Frantic desire of the French to remain a world power. Eisenhower knew that this was not a good luck and could. The Third World Away from the West and towards the Soviets second. He didn't think that the war could be won. The French were having trouble against the Vietnamese who had the advantage of fighting at home and tropical jungles. The man who led the invasion of Normandy during world, war, two knew that this would be a nightmare of a place to fight. He hesitated to commit Americans to a conflict without a clear path to victory. In his words quote, I had no intention of using united. States forces in any limited action when the force employed would probably not be decisive effectively. The French suffered a devastating defeat at the NBA in Fu in nineteen, fifty, four, soon after France left Vietnam, which became independent. It also partitioned between the communist in the north and the anti-communist in the south. There was now even greater pressure and Eisenhower to prevent a communist foothold in North Vietnam. Remember less than five years earlier in Nineteen forty-nine China had fallen and four years earlier in nineteen fifty. The Communists had invaded Korea. There was this real fear that communism was really spreading and that if not stopped, it could continue to spread like a cancer around the world. The military draft contingency plans that may have included the use of tactical nuclear weapons which would have been consistent with the new policy. Members of Congress Eisenhower's zone cabinet and French diplomats were clamoring for action to remove Communist forces in Vietnam and vice president. Nixon suggested that American boots on the ground might be necessary. Like any president in the Cold War, there was pressure to not be soft on communism. But Eisenhower was supremely confident in his own abilities. He would not bow to that pressure. He knew that even in a zero sum competition between the superpowers you had to pick and choose your battles wisely, and wasn't that what the new policy was all about, wasn't it about offsetting Soviet power not by confronting its areas of strength, but countering where it was week. At a national security meeting in April twenty ninth nineteen, fifty four is in. How're announced his decision? He refused to escalate America's involvement in the region especially when it came to ground forces. In doing so eisenhower made a fateful decision. He avoided consuming his presidency with the same conflict that ruined Linden Johnson's presidency, a decade and a half later. It is likely that it preserved his reputation among future historians, especially as they studied the costs that America incurred from the Vietnam War, and again it was an example of Eisenhower's new look policy, the parting from perimeter defense in refusing to intervene or rely on ground trips whenever the Communists made gains. But as stated earlier, the new policy did call for other measures of deterrence. Eisenhower didn't fully disengaged diplomatically from Southeast Asia. He affirmed America's support for the South Vietnamese regime under no Dinh Diem despite DMZ. Penchant for authoritarianism, also under Eisenhower the CIA engaged in a propaganda campaign that's spread misinformation against the Communists and falsely threatened that America was considering nukes in Vietnam again. The new look strategy of reliance on the threat of the nuclear option. Although, Eisenhower wisely dodged a bullet in Vietnam, it was a difficult situation that would not be resolved during his administration. A second big.
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
"Passive. Do nothing president. Well, JFK would make that image and issue in the campaign. He accused the Eisenhower Administration and by Association Vice President Nixon of standing still during the nineteen fifties. He cited the Soviets accomplishments in space as a sign that America was lagging behind. The also claimed that there was a missile gap that we were being outmatched in nuclear and conventional capabilities. and. He argued that Eisenhower had allowed. The Communists get a foothold in Cuba. As you can imagine, Eisenhower took these criticisms too hard. He knew that. If there was a missile gap, it was in America's favor since it was far head of Soviet military capability, especially with nuclear weapons. From Eisenhower's perspective Kennedy had either gotten bad information over lying. In fact under Eisenhower America's nuclear arsenal went from about one thousand atomic bombs to about twenty thousand total nuclear weapons. And he felt for the new look policy that trying to outmatch the Soviets everywhere was foolish. And he felt that Kennedy was in over his head that he had some real nerve as an inexperienced junior senator, claiming that he could do eisenhower is better than him. Eisenhower set quote. I'll do anything to avoid time over my seat and the country to Kennedy. It really irritated. Eisenhower when people said that he was passive about national defense, and he said quote, the idea of them charging me with not being interested in defense, dammit I spent my whole life being concerned with the defense of our country. Unfortunately for the President JFK's message was resonating. A new decade was coming. The nineteen sixties and Americans were starting to crave energetic leadership. And John F. Kennedy exuded energy and youthful vigor. Say, said I accept the nomination of the Democratic, party. I accepted without reservation. And with only one obligation. The obligation to devote every effort. On my mind and spirit. To lead our. Party back to victory. And on nation to greatness. Kennedy's charged that the nation was lying at anchor drift was the clear criticism, not just of Nixon but of Eisenhower. Also, it didn't help that. Eisenhower unwittingly damaged his chosen candidates chances. Nixon was largely running on his experience as vice president and his participation in the administration, but when one journalist asked Eisenhower. EP adopted any of Nixon's ideas. He said quote. If you! Give me a week. I might think of one I don't remember. The Kennedy Campaign Gleefully reminded everyone that Eisenhower seemed to be admitting that Nixon didn't play as big of a role in the administration as he was claiming. That November JFK defeated Richard Nixon in one of the closest elections in American history. Kennedy would become the thirty fifth president of the United States. Remember when I said second terms are usually rough. Well. It was the same for Eisenhower. Yes, he had had his successes like in Lebanon. Yes, he had gotten back down once again. The Taiwan Strait. But the perception that he had been asleep at the wheel, which allowed the Soviets to take the lead in the space race persistent. And the entire Youtube episode dashed any hopes for legacy making peace treaty. And it seemed that with Kennedy's election. The American people were endorsing his view that the country had been standing still. To Eisenhower's critics. His presidency was eight years of drift. After years of holding down the defense budget, preventing what he felt could be national bankruptcy, and getting bogged down in foreign. Wars Eisenhower feared that it Kennedy presidency would be a disaster. Kennedy was ambitious and he opposed massive retaliation in favor of flexible response, which Eisenhower felt might to more wars. He lamented quote all I've been trying to do for eight years has gone down the drain. But Eisenhower worried about something else. He still believed very much in his policies, especially new look. He believed that it had kept the peace and allowed for unprecedented prosperity. But he saw that Americans might be abandoning it. He feared that eating new look meant America would turn to deficit spending. He's still feared that America would bankrupt itself trying to outmatch the Soviets. He saw the outcry and the call for massive spending after the Soviets launched sputnik. He also feared that relying less on nuclear weapons would make war more not less likely. He worried that the new and more Popular Flexible Response Doctrine with tempt American policymakers to use force especially since the new president-elect was a supporter of the doctrine. Eisenhower knew that the cold. War meant that things had changed. America couldn't demobilize. In years past. But he also worried about what that meant. He worried about the impact government defense. Spending would have on American society. As he said in his famous speech years earlier, he believed that defense spending had an opportunity cost that it robbed from American productivity innovation. Eisenhower crafted his farewell address with all of this in mind. It ranks among the most famous by modern president in history, and is perhaps the most famous farewell address after George Washington's. It was delivered on January seventeenth nineteen sixty one three days before he stepped down from office. The major theme here is balanced. Eisenhower knew that, America in the Cold War. He had to walk a fine line in many ways. He had to maintain fearsome weapons of war in order to preserve the peace. He had been willing to go to the brink of nuclear war. But also is willing to sit down with America's enemies to reduce tensions. The United. States had to spend much on weapons, but not too much or else. We would bankrupt ourselves. It had to maintain a healthy concern for Soviet expansion in progress without being alarmist. Eisenhower address this need for balance in his farewell address. Crises they will continue to be. In meeting them. Whether four on our domestic greater small, there is a recurring. To feel that some spectacular and costly. Could become the miraculous solution to all current difficult. A huge increase in newer elements of our defenses. Development of unrealistic programs to cure every ill and agriculture. A dramatic expansion in basic and applied research. These and many other possibilities, each possibly.
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
Wilson Jerman, Longtime White House Butler, Dies at 91
"Tributes rolling for a man who worked in the White House sundry eleven different presidents and recently died from covert nineteen Wilson Germans started working at the White House as a cleaner in nineteen fifty seven under president Dwight Eisenhower he retired as an elevator operator under Barack Obama he was promoted to White House Bangalore by John F. Kennedy Jackie Kennedy like German and trusted him with their children Hillary Clinton has tweeted that he made generations of first families feel at home George W. and Laura bush said the German was the first person they thought in the morning when they left the residence in the last they'd see each night Barack and Michelle Obama say they were lucky to have known Wilson German Neolog instinct WTOP known German was
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
"Feared what Stalin could do. Especially since he had successfully imposed his grip on Eastern Europe and supported communist movements around the world. They also feared the worst case scenario in all of this that the Soviets would respond in kind to nuclear attack against itself or its allies with a nuclear attack of its own, and then a nuclear war might ensue. The specter of nuclear Holocaust hovered over everything. These were the debates that were raging on in the early. Cold War in Korea would be the first decision for the new president. Despite the advice from Generals Clark and Vanfleet Eisenhower refused to expand the effort in Korea. He rejected their request and move forward with negotiations for now. America's president would not go anywhere near using nukes in Korea, but the temptation to use them or to threaten their use with continued to rise throughout Eisenhower's administration. On. January twentieth. Nineteen fifty-three Dwight D Eisenhower at the age of sixty two took the oath of office in became the thirty fourth president of the United States. Fully aware of the immense burdens he was undertaking. The new president began his inaugural address with a prayer. My friend. Before I begin the expression of those thought. That I deem appropriate. To this moment. Would you permit me the privilege? Of uttering. A little private prayer of my own. And I asked you bow your head. Almighty got. As, we stand here at this moment. My associates in my future associates in the executive branch of government. Join me BESIKCI. The foul will make full and complete. Dedication to the service of the people in this throng. And their fellow citizens everywhere. Give us, we pray. The power to discern clearly right from wrong. And allow all our words and actions to be governed thereby. And by the laws of this land. Especially, we pray that are concerned shall be for all the people. Regardless of station race are. Calling, May cooperation be permitted and be a mutual lane. OF THOSE WHO Under the concepts of our constitution whole to differing political faith. Show that Oh may work for the good of our beloved country. And Glory. I'm in. In the weeks after his election Eisenhower sketched out agenda for his administration. There were two overriding concerns, one immediate and the other long-term. The immediate concern was the Korean War in the plan to negotiate an end to that war. The long term concern was the cold. War and how to contain the Soviet Union. Things are right for change. America wanted to move past the stalemate of the Korean War, but there was also big news out of the Kremlin. Joseph Stalin the totalitarian dictator of the Soviet Union the Godfather of the Communist Movement for almost three decades died of a cerebral hemorrhage on March fifth nineteen fifty-three. There would be a new Soviet leader, although it would take some time to figure out who won the power struggle with new leadership in the White House and the Kremlin. There might be a new way forward in the Cold War. In our previous episodes, we covered President Harry Truman and his containment strategy. It was summed up by George Kennan who said that quote, the main element of any United States policy toward the Soviet Union must be that of long term patient, but firm and vigilant containment of expensive tenancies. It was a middle ground between those who just wanted to negotiate with the Soviets and coexist with them and those who wanted to roll the Soviets. Pushing them from where they were already established. Originally Truman headed here to what was called a strong point defense strategy. He felt that it would be too expensive and difficult to stop the Soviets everywhere as powerful as America was, it cost too much to defend giant swath of international territory, encounter the Soviets wherever they expanded whether it was by military force or aid to communist groups around the world. And it would also give the Soviets the initiative to allow them to bogs down in conflicts around the world. They would be able to decide where the conflicts would start. If we promised to stop them wherever they expanded, they could start them in areas or arenas that played to their strengths and our weaknesses. The strong point defense strategy called for providing economic assistance to allies at certain points around the world, so that those allies could become centers of military and economic strength. That way those allies could stand up on their own feet and share in the burden of containing Soviet expansion. This strategy was made manifest in the Marshall Plan and the Truman doctrine which provided economic aid to Greece and Turkey. It also meant that America wasn't on the hook for defending every country threatened by the Soviets or the Chinese, and it would detract from the Soviets ability to dictate where a conflict or competition would occur. While the Korean War changed all of that. Although Korea was not originally considered a strong. The possibility of millions more falling under the orbit of communism called into question America's commitment to its allies. The Truman Administration now believe that the defeat of South Korea meant a victory for the Communists and decided to commit forces to save it. By then a new strategy document known as NFC sixty eight had been in circulation, it rejected strong point defense and called for a dramatic increase in the defense budget. Truman had originally requested thirteen billion dollars for defense in nineteen fifty. NFC Sixty eight called for increasing that number to forty or fifty billion, almost triple, what was originally requested it called for increasing both conventional and nuclear capabilities and replace strongpoint defense with perimeter defense now America committed defending a large parameter as opposed to merely supporting certain key locations. With the Korean War American. Foreign policy was now guided by NFC sixty eight. By nineteen fifty to the defense budget reached sixty billion dollars. Some feared that America couldn't afford this increase in the defense budget, and might bankrupt itself by overspending betray and believed that the American economy could sustain it. When he was a senator, he was a loyal new dealer and believed that government's spending could stimulate the economy classic, Keynesian Economics. But instead of domestic spending as a stimulus, it would now be defense spending. Many, are you'd that economic growth in world, War Two was proof of this theory. Since government spending had increased to build American tanks ships planes in amunition. Besides Truman believed that spending now to prevent the communist, advance would be less expensive than fighting a war with the communists after they expanded, and we're in a stronger position. As Truman said in nineteen fifty to quote the real threat to our security isn't the danger bankruptcy. It's the danger of communist aggression. If Communism is allowed to absorb the free nations one by one, then we would be isolated from our sources of supply and detached from our friends. Then we would have to take defense measures, which might really bankrupt our economy and change our way of life so that we wouldn't recognize it was American any longer. President Eisenhower sharply disagreed with President, Truman and the premise of NFC sixty eight. I mentioned earlier in the episode about Eisenhower's Frugal background. Well, this would come to define his.
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
"Wasn't just an external one. There was a genuine threat of Soviet espionage in the United States after all Klaus Fuchs was a German physicist working on the Manhattan project in Los Alamos and was supplying the Soviets with nuclear secrets. The rosenbergs had also been convicted of espionage. Eisenhower's vice, President Richard Nixon had spent his years in Congress. Attacking Communist infiltration in the United States he especially went after Alger Hiss a prominent. State, department official for being a Soviet spy. The man who define this age of paranoia was the infamous. Republican Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin. McCarthy, who enjoyed high approval ratings from the public claimed several times to have lists of government officials who were communists. He publicly accused officials at the highest levels of government of being Soviet agents, usually with little to no evidence, the most absurd example was his attack on George. Marshall Eisenhower's mentor, and one of the great heroes of World War Two. This era of fear and paranoia defined the early Cold War. But. The war wasn't always cold. There were times when hot wars breakout at by nineteen fifty to America was well into its first hot war of the nuclear age. In nineteen fifty, the communist government of North Korea, invaded anti-communist South Korea. The Truman administration feared that the fall of South Korea so soon after the fall of China would mean the spread of communism all throughout Asia. It viewed the conflict as just one theater in a global struggle between the free world and the Communists world, and it remembered the lessons of appeasement just before world, War Two that appeasing Hitler only invited further aggression too many. Americans the Communist. Invasion of South Korea was further proof that communist bloc led by the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China was pursuing global domination. And it was true that both the Soviets Ama- Chinese were eating. The North Koreans, so Truman lead an international effort under the United. Nations to repel the invasion. Although General Douglas. Macarthur was able to push North Koreans back. The Chinese intervened invaded the Korean Peninsula. The Chinese succeeded in pushing UN for back south, and resulted in a bloody stalemate in just three years. The United States had over thirty thousand combat deaths less than one decade after World War Two. When American citizen wrote the President Truman quote in Heaven's name. What are you doing? The blood hasn't dried from World War Two. While running in nineteen, fifty two eisenhower announced that he intended to end the war by going to Korea. Those words electrified the nation and gave it hope that peace was around the corner. Less than a month after his election on December. Second Nineteen, fifty two eisenhower arrived in Korea, he inspected the troops and met with American commanders. Some Advice Eisenhower that the war could be won. Generals Mark Clark and James Van. Fleet suggested the use of nuclear weapons in expansion of the war against China, could lead to victory. Now might strike you as alarming that anyone would advise the use of nuclear weapons, but this was the reality of the Cold War. It was something that General Macarthur talked about in Korea just before. President Truman fired him, and it was something that would come up time and time again as we'll see during Eisenhower's presidency, the Cold War was full of unprecedented dilemmas. In, Korea American and Chinese forces engaged in combat, Americans were confident that they could win after all they had defeated both the Nazis, and the Japanese in partnership with the Allies of course. China was a third world country. Surely China would be an easy opponent. But America was unprepared for the Korean War especially since it had demobilized after World War. Two and the Chinese had an enormous number of forces bay virtue of sheer numbers. They pushed back and that's how the stalemate happened. The US now faced a dilemma in order to win. American might have to intensify the war effort sending more forces to fight. But some wondered well, if we have nuclear weapons, why don't we use them? I mean otherwise. What's the point of having them? And as the body bags piled up, more Americans kept wondering. Why are we letting our soldiers get killed if we have a weapon that could end the war once and for all. Nuclear weapons were the most terrifying weapons ever devised by man, but you can see why some people might at least be tempted to think this way to think about using the bomb especially, if you fear the spread of communism, and if you're sick and tired of a bloody stalemate, but of course there were fears for what this would mean if we use nuclear weapons against North Korea or against China, the world could be revolted by their use. America's prestige could be damaged forever. The fallout from nuclear warfare could lead to unprecedented collateral damage, and what if the Soviet responded given their relationship with China in North Korea. They had hundreds of thousands of soldiers in Europe. What if they retaliated by invading our allies in Europe? What if they blockaded and our presence in Berlin and now that they had the bomb? What if they used it against us or our allies? While most people shuddered at the thought of starting a nuclear war with the Soviets. Some felt that this was the time to do. In the Cold War was relatively new Soviets did have the bomb, but they were few years behind the United States in nuclear firepower in the development of the hydrogen bomb in the means to deliver it. Why allow them to catch up? Why not hit them? Now with everything we had so that the Soviets would never get to the point of competing with us. After, all didn't the West wait too long to stop Hitler wouldn't more lives been saved if we had taken on Hiller earlier was stolen. That much different than Hitler. and wasn't Stalin even more dangerous than Hitler now considering he had the bomb. Of course the situation was more complicated than that Hitler and Stalin were both totalitarian tyrants and ruthless killers, but their circumstances weren't exactly the same. Still most people.
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
"Own! White the Eisenhower was a man of humble beginnings? He was born in eighteen ninety in Denison Texas. The third of seven boys his father owned a store when it failed, he later worked on the railroads as mechanic and then at a creamery. His mother was a Mennonite and later a Jehovah's witness she was also an avowed pacifist, Ironic, considering her son Dwight's future career path. The, Eisenhower soon moved to Abilene. Kansas young white had an idyllic childhood. He worked hard at his. But he also enjoyed the outdoors. You'd go hunting and fishing for hours like his predecessor Harry Truman. He became an avid reader especially on military history something that would serve him well throughout his career. Of His. Childhood, Eisenhower would later write quote. I have found out in later years. We were very poor, but the glory of America is that we didn't know it then. Eisenhower's family lived frugally when his father's general store failed, the family was forced to tighten their belts that lesson. The importance of living within ones means stuck eisenhower for his entire career as we will see. This lead Ike to consider going to either the Naval Academy or West Point, since both offered free college degrees. He was beyond the age limit for the Naval Academy. So in nineteen eleven. He became a student at West Point. At West Point Eisenhower was an average student, but he did well in sports, playing for the Varsity football team and taking up fencing and gymnastics. After graduating in Nineteen fifteen, he married a woman. They me doubt. Soon America entered World War One, and like many young men of his day Eisenhower hoped to get in on the action overseas, but he would end up being disappointed. Instead, he was given assignments in the United States. He was stuck training tank crews that never even saw combat. He never got to fight abroad during the war, which left him feeling bitter and depressed. Throughout the next couple of decades, Eisenhower worked, either with or for many of the men who would emerge as the top military figures of World War Two. He collaborated with George Patton on new ideas for tank warfare ideas. That were way ahead of their time. He served under General Fox Connor. Who has an intellectual mentor to him? Through Connor I studied Clausewitz and other military classics. By then Eisenhower was a serious student and had come into his own intellectually. From nineteen, twenty five to twenty six, he attended the command and General Staff College in Fort Leavenworth and graduated first in his class of two hundred forty five officers. Eisenhower later worked as General Douglas Macarthur's military aid in the Philippines that experience taught him two things. First how to handle relations with foreign ally and second how to handle the man with as massive and ego is General Macarthur. When. America entered World War Two in nineteen, forty, one general George Marshall Hired Eisenhower, as a war planner, Marshall had an eye for talent and realize that Eisenhower was one of the best. Many had maybe the best. Thus began Eisenhower's meteoric rise within a year. He was running the allied operation in North Africa, his success. They're impressed president. D Roosevelt. The military began planning for the critical invasion of France to liberate the European continent from Hitler's rule. Many observers believed that Roosevelt would put Marshall. In charge of the invasion, an FDR knew that whoever would lead that invasion if successful would be remembered as the great American military hero of World War Two. He Felt Marshall. Deserve the honor and recognition, but he also wanted Marshall by his side. And Roosevelt knew that Eisenhower had considerable skill in military planning in maintaining coalitions. By December nineteen, forty-three FDR had decided that Eisenhower would command the invasion known as D Day. Eisenhower would now be leading the largest seaborne invasion in world history involving over two million men. The president announced the decision in a fireside chat in December of Nineteen forty-three. The commander selected leave the combined effect. From these points. Is General Dwight, D Eisenhower. Is Performances in Africa. In Sicily and Italy. Been Brilliant. He knows my practical successful experience the way to coordinate. Sea and land power. All, of these, we'll be under his control. The world's hopes for defeating Hitler rested on Eisenhower Shoulders. He's back to his men just before the invasion began on June sixth nineteen, forty four..
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
"In our previous episode, we covered the first president of the cold. War. Era Harry S Truman. It was under President Truman that America initiated its policy of containment to contain wooded, considered the greatest threat to world. Peace the Soviet Union. This new conflict the Cold War was unlike anything ever before it now two nations dominated the globe, and with the development of thermonuclear weapons have the capacity to destroy civilization itself. History had entrusted Harry Truman with defense of the free world, and he confronted crisis after crisis, always with the specter of nuclear war in the background. But now Truman's presidency was over, and he had left the world's stage. In his place was one of the most capable and experienced leaders in American history, his name was dwight. David Eisenhower the great hero of World War Two. The Supreme Allied Commander, who had invaded Normandy, defeated Hitler and liberated Europe. Now Eisenhower or Ike as his friends called him. Of leading the free world during this dangerous time? Few people today can recall the major events or accomplishments of Eisenhower's presidency. Too many, he is Amir transitional figure, the president who served during the stale and Cookie Cutter Nineteen, fifties between the years of war under FDR and Truman and the social upheaval under Kennedy and Johnson. But Eisenhower was no mere interlude like Truman. His presidency was one of crises when American credibility and nuclear war were constantly at stake. Every decision he made involved delicate balance of terror that could mean either peace or annihilation. HOW EISENHOWER! Piece in avoided. Armageddon is the subject of this episode of this American President..
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
"And the best to be expected can be simply statement. The worst is a comic rule. The best would be this. A life of perpetual fear intention a burden of arms draining the and labor of all people a wasting of strength. That defies the American system on the Soviet system or any to to achieve true abundance and happiness for the people of this earth. Every gun that is made every warship launched every rocket fire signifies in the final from those hunger are not fit those who are cold and are not this world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers. The genius of its violence the hoops of his children. The cost of one modern heavy bomber. Is this a modern brick school? In more than thirty said it is to electric power plants each serving town of sixty thousand population it to find fully equipped hostile fifty miles of three. We pay for a single fighter plane with a half million bushels a week. We pay a single destroyer with new homes. That could have housed more than eight thousand people this is. I repeat the best way of life to be found on the road. The world has been taking. This is not a way of life at all. Then he puts them under. The cloud. Threatening warranted is humanity hanging from across the via. Eisenhower did not see defense spending as a stimulus to the economy. He saw it as a burden. Something that took away from American prosperity and the thriving of American civilization after all increased defense spending meant higher taxes on the American people and it could also mean higher national debt. It's fascinating than a military man. A man who spent his career rising in the army was talking about the defense budget in negative terms. Perhaps Eisenhower was the last president who could do this. He wasn't a professional politician nor was he insa political ideology. He was a national military hero and therefore he had the clout to espouse policies. That contradicted the desires of either party and could combine aspects of both to this day. There are many who agree with. Eisenhower's warnings on Defense Meeting and hope to reduce the defense budget. Eisenhower would have counseled us to be wise about what we spend money on. But this didn't mean. He didn't recognize the Soviets as a threat. The whole point of his frugality was so that the US could compete with the Soviet Union and more cost effective way. There was no moral ambiguity for Eisenhower. He believed that America was a positive. Moral force and the Soviets were an immoral totalitarian government. In Eisenhower's is it was the Soviets who are responsible for the Cold War starting in the first place. Eisenhower stated Soviet government yelled at vastly different vision of the future in the world of its design. Security was to be found not in mutual trust and mutual aid but in force you. Jeremy Subversion Rule of neighbor nations. The goal is power superiority and all costs security was to be sought by denying it to all of the result has been tried to for the world and for the Soviet Union. It has also been running. The imagining of Soviet power alerted free nations to a new danger of aggression. It compel him in Self-defense. To spend unprecedented money and energy for women's it forced them to develop weapons of war now capable of inflicting incident terrible punishment upon any restaurant in August of nineteen fifty. Four Eisenhower would say that quote. The central core of the great world problem is the aggressive intent of international communism. So while Eisenhower feared the cost of the Cold War he still maintained that the American people had a job to do. He may have disagreed with troms methods of containment. The increase spending the perimeter defense but not with its goal the Soviet Union had to be contained. But how how do you reconcile the paradox of spending in the Cold War with the goal of winning it to answer that question? Eisenhower decided to explore all possible options. While making use of the best minds he could find to that end. He initiated a project Alarium and it was named that because it was hatched out in the Celerion Room at the White House. It involved convening a group of brilliant men from the federal government and academia and it happened in the summer of nineteen fifty three as a critical exercise. In that exercise. The men were divided up into three teams with each team. Exploring three major strategies under consideration team was led by George Kennan considered by many to be the father of containment. They were tasked with defending. Truman's current policy. Containment team be was tasked with taking a tougher line against the Soviets and focusing more on using US nuclear weapons as a deterrent and team. C was also tasked with taking tough line and the Soviets with a focus on an aggressive policy called rollback. Instead of merely containing Soviet expansion. The team would look into whether it would be possible to push them back for more. They were the entire. Solarium project was so secretive that it remained classified until the mid nineteen eighties. Out of the project came a new strategy. That would replace an AC- sixty eight. The new document was NFC. One sixty two and the new strategy was called the new look and it was a dramatically different view of containment. The goal now. The Cold War was to win by not bankrupting ourselves. This meant getting America's fiscal house in order through major cuts in defense spending. This was a time when defense spending took about two thirds of the entire federal budget. Compare that to now. Were defense is less than about fifteen percent which by the way includes both discretionary and non discretionary spending so that was the first element of new look. The new strategy also meant staying away from foreign wars as much as possible like the kind truman got us into in Korea. After all are very expensive it was kind of like a race to frugality where the most cost. Effective side wins. But how are we to maintain deterrence encounter the Soviets if we were reducing defense spending? The answer came into words massive retaliation. Nfc One sixty two said that the United States would maintain quote a strong military posture with emphasis on the capability of inflicting massive retaliatory damage by offensive striking power. But if the military budget was slashed. Were would that power come from again? An Se 162 reported that the United States quote will consider nuclear weapons as available for use as other munitions essentially the Eisenhower Administration called for greater reliance on nuclear weapons rather than conventional forces like tanks ships planes and personnel as a way to deter communist aggression whether it came from the Soviet Union or the People's Republic of China adding to the credibility of this shift. Eisenhower early in his presidency had taken control of the nuclear stockpile away from the Civilian Atomic Energy Commission and gave it to the military again to some. This was terrifying prospect. Did this mean that. The United States threatened to use nuclear weapons whenever Russia or China acted aggressively. So if another career happens somewhere. Did this mean that this time we would respond with nuclear weapons and if we really were using nuclear weapons to deter adversaries were we actually willing to use them and what would happen if we did use them. What about the international blowback what about radiation poisoning and the damage to the environment? And what if we weren't really willing to use them? What would happen if we threaten to use them in a crisis? Either against the Soviets of the Chinese but they were willing to call our bluff. Wouldn't our credibility diminished then to Eisenhower. The policy of massive retaliation was about reducing costs in fact in nineteen fifty-five. Eisenhower would cut four point. Eight billion dollars from the defense budget. Four point one billion of those cuts came from the army but it was also more than that again. He feared that the alternative would be to outmatch the Soviets everywhere countering their every move whether it meant building better tanks or confronting them wherever they acted aggressively as we said earlier. This was the path to national bankruptcy at least potentially and it gave the Soviets the initiative to choose where geographically or figuratively fight but eisenhower had a different strategy in the words of Vice President. Richard Nixon quote rather than let the Communists Nibble us to death all over the world and little wars we would rely on the future primarily on our massive mobile retaliatory power which we could use in our discretion against the major source of aggression. At times and places we choose.
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
"Expansion of the war against China could lead to victory now. Might strike you as alarming that anyone would advise the use of nuclear weapons but this was the reality Cold War. It was something that General Macarthur talked about in Korea just before president. Truman fired him and it was something that would come up time and time again as we'll see during Eisenhower's presidency the Cold War was full of unprecedented dilemmas. In Korea American and Chinese forces engaged in combat Americans were confident that they could win after all they had defeated both the Nazis and the Japanese in partnership with the Allies of course China was a third world country. Surely China would be an easy opponent but America was unprepared for the Korean War. Especially since it had demobilized after World War Two and the Chinese had an enormous number of forces bay virtue of Sheer Numbers. They pushed back. And that's how the stalemate happened the. Us Now faced a dilemma. In order to win American might have to intensify the war effort sending more forces to fight but some wondered well if we have nuclear weapons. Why don't we use them? I mean otherwise. What's the point of having them? And as the body bags piled up more Americans kept wondering. Why are we letting our soldiers get killed if we have a weapon that could end the war once and for all nuclear weapons were the most terrifying weapons ever devised by man? But you can see why some people might at least be tempted to think this way to think about using the bomb especially if you fear the spread of communism and if you're sick and tired of a bloody stalemate but of course there were fears for what this would mean if we use nuclear weapons against North Korea or against China. The world could be revolted by their use. America's prestige could be damaged forever. The fallout from nuclear warfare could lead to unprecedented collateral damage. And what if the Soviet responded given their relationship with China in North Korea they had hundreds of thousands of soldiers in Europe. What if they retaliated by invading our allies in Europe? What if they blockaded and attacked our presence in Berlin and now that they had the bomb what if they used it against us or our allies while most people shuddered at the thought of starting a nuclear war with the Soviets. Some felt that this was the time to do in the cold. War was relatively new. Soviets did have the bomb but they were few years behind the United States in nuclear firepower in the development of the hydrogen bomb in the means to deliver it. Why allow them to catch up. Why not hit them now with everything? We had so that the Soviets would never get to the point of competing with us after all. Didn't the West wait too long to stop? Hitler wouldn't more lives been saved if we had taken on. Hiller earlier was stolen that much different than Hitler and wasn't stolen even more dangerous than Hitler. Now considering he had the bomb of course the situation was more complicated than that. Hitler installing were both totalitarian tyrants ruthless killers but their circumstances weren't exactly the same still. Most people feared what Stalin could do especially since he had successfully imposed his grip on Eastern Europe and supported communist movements around the world. They also feared the worst case scenario in all of this that the Soviets would respond in kind to nuclear attack against itself or its allies with a nuclear attack of its own and then a nuclear war might ensue. The specter of nuclear Holocaust hovered over everything. These were the debates that were raging on in the early cold war in Korea would be the first decision for the new president despite the advice from Generals Clark and Vanfleet. Eisenhower refused to expand the effort in Korea. He rejected their request and move forward with negotiations for now. America's president would not go anywhere near using nukes in Korea but the temptation to use them or to threaten their use with continued to rise throughout. Eisenhower's administration on January Twentieth Nineteen fifty-three Dwight D Eisenhower. At the age of sixty two took the oath of office in became the thirty fourth president of the United States fully aware of the immense burdens. He was undertaking. The new president began his inaugural address with a prayer. My friend before I begin the expression of those thought that I deem appropriate to this moment. Would you permit me the privilege of uttering a little private prayer of my own and I asked you? Bow Your Head Almighty got as we stand here at this moment my associates in my future associates in the executive branch of government. Join me BESIKCI. That foul will make full and complete dedication to the service of the people in this throng and their fellow citizens everywhere give us we pray the power to discern clearly right from wrong and allow all our words and actions to be governed thereby and by the laws of this land especially we pray that are concerned shall be for all the people regardless of station race are calling may cooperation be permitted and be a mutual lane of those who under the concepts of our constitution whole to differing political faith. Show that Oh may work for the good of our beloved country and glory. I'm in in the weeks. After HIS ELECTION EISENHOWER SKETCHED OUT AGENDA FOR HIS ADMINISTRATION. There were two overriding concerns. One immediate and the other long-term the immediate concern was the Korean War in the plan to negotiate an end to that war. The long term concern was the Cold War and how to contain the Soviet Union. Things are right for change. America wanted to move past the stalemate of the Korean War but there was also big news. Out of the Kremlin Joseph Stalin. The totalitarian dictator of the Soviet Union the Godfather of the Communist Movement for almost three decades died of a cerebral hemorrhage on March fifth nineteen fifty-three there would be a new Soviet leader. Although it would take some time to figure out who won the power struggle with new leadership in the White House and the Kremlin. There might be a new way forward in the Cold War in our previous episodes. We covered president. Harry Truman and his containment strategy. It was summed up by George Kennan. Who said that quote? The main element of any United States policy toward the Soviet Union must be that of long term patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tenancies. It was a middle ground between those who just wanted to negotiate with the Soviets and coexist with them and those who wanted to roll the Soviets back pushing them from where they were already established. Originally Truman headed here to what was called a strong point defense strategy. He felt that it would be too expensive and difficult to stop the Soviets everywhere as powerful as America was it cost too much to defend giant. Swath of international territory encounter the Soviets wherever they expanded whether it was by military force or aid to communist groups around the world and it would also give the Soviets the initiative to allow them to bogs down in conflicts around the world. They would be able to decide where the conflicts would start if we promised to stop them wherever they expanded they could start them in areas or arenas that played to their strengths and our weaknesses. The strong point defense strategy called for providing economic assistance to allies at certain points around the world so that those allies could become centers of military and economic strength that way those allies could stand up on their own feet and share in the burden of containing Soviet expansion. This strategy was made manifest in the Marshall Plan and the Truman doctrine which provided economic aid to Greece and Turkey. It also meant that. America wasn't on the hook for defending every country threatened by the Soviets or the Chinese and it would detract from the Soviets ability to dictate where a conflict or competition would occur while the Korean War changed all of that although Korea was not originally considered a strong point the possibility of millions more falling under the orbit of communism called into question America's commitment to its allies. The Truman Administration. Now believe that the defeat of South Korea meant a victory for the Communists and decided to commit forces to save it by then a new strategy document known as NFC sixty eight had been in circulation. It rejected strong point defense and called for a dramatic increase in the defense budget. Truman had originally requested thirteen billion dollars for defense in nineteen fifty. Nfc Sixty eight called for increasing that number to forty or fifty billion almost triple what was originally requested. It called for increasing both conventional and nuclear capabilities and replace strongpoint defense with perimeter defense.
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
"Around White. The Eisenhower was a man of humble beginnings he was born in eighteen ninety in Denison Texas. The third of seven boys. His father owned a general store when it failed. He later worked on the railroads mechanic and then at a creamery. His mother was a Mennonite and later a Jehovah's witness she was also an avowed pacifist ironic considering her son Dwight's future career path. The Eisenhower soon moved to Abilene Kansas. Young white had an idyllic childhood. He worked hard at his but he also enjoyed the outdoors. You'd go hunting and fishing for hours like his predecessor Harry Truman. He became an avid reader especially on military history. Something that would serve him well. Throughout his career of his childhood. Eisenhower would later write quote. I have found out in later years. We were very poor but the glory of America is that we didn't know it then. Eisenhower's family lived frugally. When his father's general store failed the family was forced to tighten their belts that lesson? The importance of living within ones means stuck eisenhower for his entire career. As we will see this lead Ike to consider going to either the Naval Academy or West Point since both offered free college degrees. He was beyond the age limit for the Naval Academy so in nineteen eleven. He became a student at West Point at West Point. Eisenhower was an average student but he did well in sports playing for the Varsity football team and taking up fencing and gymnastics after graduating in nineteen fifteen. He married a woman they me doubt soon. America entered World War. One and like many young men of his day. Eisenhower hoped to get in on the action overseas but he would end up being disappointed instead. He was given assignments in the United States. He was stuck training tank. Crews that never even saw combat. He never got to fight abroad during the war which left him feeling. Bitter and depressed throughout the next couple of decades. Eisenhower worked either with or for many of the men who would emerge as the top military figures of world war. Two he collaborated with George. Patton on new ideas for tank warfare ideas that were way ahead of their time. He served under General Fox. Connor who has an intellectual mentor to him? Through Connor I studied Clausewitz and other military classics by then. Eisenhower was a serious student and had come into his own intellectually from nineteen twenty five to twenty six. He attended the command and General Staff College in Fort Leavenworth and graduated first in his class of two hundred forty. Five Officers Eisenhower. Later worked as general. Douglas MacArthur's military aid in the Philippines. That experience taught him two things. First how to handle relations with foreign ally and second how to handle the man with as massive and ego is General Macarthur when America entered World War. Two in nineteen forty one general. George Marshall Hired Eisenhower as a war. Planner Marshall had an eye for talent and realize that Eisenhower was one of the best many had maybe the best thus began. Eisenhower's meteoric rise. Within a year. He was running the allied operation in North Africa. His success they're impressed. President D Roosevelt. The military began planning for the critical invasion of France to liberate the European continent. From Hitler's rule many observers believed that Roosevelt would put Marshall in charge of the invasion an FDR knew that whoever would lead that invasion if successful would be remembered as the great American military hero of World War Two. He felt Marshall deserve the honor and recognition but he also wanted Marshall by his side and Roosevelt also knew that Eisenhower had considerable skill in military planning in maintaining coalitions by December nineteen forty-three. Fdr had decided that. Eisenhower would command the invasion known as D Day. Eisenhower would now be leading the largest seaborne invasion in world history involving over two million men. The president announced the decision in a fireside chat in December of Nineteen forty-three. The commander selected. Leave the combined effect from these points is general. Dwight D Eisenhower his performances in Africa in Sicily and Italy been brilliant. He knows my practical successful experience. The Way.
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on This American President
"In our previous episode. We covered the first president of the cold. War Era Harry S Truman. It was under President Truman. That America initiated its policy of containment to contain wooded considered the greatest threat to world peace the Soviet Union this new conflict. The Cold War was unlike anything ever before it now. Two nations dominated the globe and with the development of thermonuclear weapons had the capacity to destroy civilization itself. History had entrusted Harry Truman with defense of the free world and he confronted crisis after crisis always with the specter of nuclear war in the background but now Truman's presidency was over and he had left the world's stage in his place was one of the most capable and experienced leaders in American history. His name was Dwight. David Eisenhower the great hero of world. War Two the Supreme Allied Commander who had invaded Normandy defeated Hitler and liberated Europe now Eisenhower or Ike. As his friends called him had the responsibility of leading the free world during this dangerous time. Few people today can recall the major events or accomplishments of Eisenhower's presidency too many. He is Amir transitional. Figure the president who served during the Stale and Cookie Cutter Nineteen fifties between the years of war under FDR and Truman and the social upheaval. Under Kennedy and Johnson but Eisenhower was no mere interlude like Truman. His presidency was one of crises. When American credibility and nuclear war were constantly at stake every decision he made involved delicate balance of terror. That could mean either peace or annihilation. How Eisenhower maintained that piece in avoided? Armageddon is the subject of this episode of this American President.
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on KQED Radio
"Flash ball pops and paper is taken away his sentence was eventually commuted largely for political reasons but he and most of its troops were found guilty this is what justice looked like for the malady massacre but what about the massacre Incheon known Americans killed a similar number of German troops there no trials for the Americans no prosecutions and certainly no death sentences but there was a call for an investigation one that if you know anything about it's all inside a declassified file like one filled with confidential reports from just after the war including one about Shia known a soldier named Max Cohen described seeing roughly seventy German prisoners machine gun by the eleventh armored then there was a back and forth general Dwight D. Eisenhower demanded a full investigation the eleventh armored said they sent it Eisenhower's office said we don't have it send it again then the eleventh armored basically said it's too late the war's over the unit's disbanded in the end Eisenhower never received any investigation into two known I wanted to show all this to bend friends the Nuremberg prosecutor okay so this is a confidential report he is not this one it's sitting on his couch in Florida I ask been what he makes of it.
US Still In Open Skies Treaty, Needs Evidence To Support Exit
"The open skies treaty basically says to Russia you show me yours and I'll show you mine for the past seventeen years that treaty has left Washington and Moscow take aerial photos openly of one another's military installations nearly all the NATO allies take part in the treaty as does Ukraine but there are increasing signs that the trump administration is ready to close the American skies and bail out of this treaty and yours David welna has the story it was president Dwight Eisenhower who first proposed the US and the Soviet Union fly over each other's territory and exchange their photos the first President Bush revive that idea after the Soviet Union collapsed and it was early in his son's administration one such flights actually began under the open skies treaty its proponents say that even in the age of satellites the treaty offers distinct advantages and gives you access to things that even if you have a satellite network you might not be able to see the old girl liquor she directs the your program at the international crisis group in Brussels via Skype she says it's not just that surveillance planes can fly below clouds blocking the view of satellites they also help prevent dangerous miscalculations or wait for the parties to be on the same page about who has watched where on Wednesday the Senate Armed Services Committee held a confirmation hearing for deputy secretary of state John Sullivan nominee for the empty ambassadors post in Moscow Massachusetts Democrat ed Markey press Sullivan about signs the U. S. may be pulling the plug on the open skies treaty I have received information that before John Bolton resign president trump may have made a decision to exit the open skies treaty Sullivan neither confirmed nor denied reports trump had signed a document stating his intent to withdraw from the treaty I inquired as to whether we had withdrawn from the treaty and was assured we had not if the US were to pull out of the treaty Solomon added there would need to be substantial evidence to support the national security interests for withdrawal from that treaty that would be a mistake it's really hard to see what we can with Dr we actually conduct many more flights of the Russian in Russia conducts of the United States Stephen Piper is a former US ambassador to Ukraine he says the US has conducted nearly three times more surveillance flights over Russia and Russia has over the US Washington has done similar flights over Ukraine it's a good way to monitor what Russian and Russian proxy forces are doing in eastern Ukraine and and that's a good way to peace order and my guess is the Ukrainians would be unhappy abusing that still opponents say Russia has repeatedly denied American overflights of key military installations one such critic is Arkansas Republican senator Tom cotton perhaps rather than calling this the open skies treaty maybe it should be called the open skies over America and the clothes guys over Russia treaty cotton was speaking at a recent confirmation hearing for admiral Charles Richard nominated to head the US strategic command notably Richard defended the treaty we do derive some benefit from it vertically with our allies we would need to make the appropriate resource and operational command must utilize the full provisions of the treaty if we were to remain that's because Moscow has modernized its surveillance planes but all occur says the US has not yet the United States is it needs to modernize our place that aircraft if it doesn't then it really just talking is getting any value from the treaty not because the treaty has no value because America's airplanes don't work pulling out of the open skies treaty would require six months notice and that hasn't happened not yet
What Is the U.S. Presidential Seal?
"SMART is open open is smart. IBM is combining their industry expertise with the open source leadership of Red Hat. Let's unlock the world's potential essential. Let's put smart to work learn more at IBM dot. com slash red hat welcome to brainstorm a production of iheartmedia. Hey brain stuff lauren bogle Bam here over the years you've probably noticed the emblem emblazoned on the side of Air Force One. It's also attached to the podium from which the US President gives speeches and appears on official White House stationary and invitations a railroad locomotive painted to honor president didn't George H W Bush is decorated with it. It's the seal of the president of the United States of America the presidential seal look similar with slight differences to the great seal of the United States the official symbol. That's impressed upon official documents such as treaties and commissions the precise design of the presidential seal was detailed an executive order ninety-six forty-six issued in October of Nineteen forty-five by President Harry S Truman. It's specified that the seal depict an American Eagle that's holding ending an olive branch in its right Talon and a bundle of thirteen arrows to symbolize the original thirteen states and it's left while clutching in it's big a white scroll inscribed with the motto Eh Pluribus Unum Latin for out of many one behind and above the Eagle. There's a background of radiating glory depiction of rays rays of light crossed by an arc of thirteen cloud puffs below which there's a constellation of mullet sergeant which are five pointed compass stars that image is surrounded by a ring of white stars symbolizing the current fifty United States and around that another circle with lettering seal of the president of the United States though the presidential seals precise origins are unclear it was clearly inspired by the great seal that national symbol was adopted by the continental congress in in seventeen eighty two after secretary of the Continental Congress Charles Thompson merged ideas from several committees into a sketch that subsequently was modified by Herald Thomas the spartan that's according to the State Department's Nineteen seventy-six official history of the great seal written by Richard S Patterson and Richardson Dougal but at some point. US presidents decided that like the British monarch. They needed their own personal coat of arms as well. We spoke by email with Matthew Castello senior historian for the White House Historical Association. He said that the great seal quote was the official symbol of the United States federal government not the office of the Presidency Eh as such some president simply used the great seal while others thought that the president should have their own distinct seal. Castilla explains at least several throw presidents in the eighteen hundreds created their own seals incorporating. Whatever flourishes appeal to them James K polk for example used his own seal on the proclamation of war against against Mexico in eighteen forty six Millard fillmore came up with his own slightly different version which he sent to Maryland Postmaster engraver Edward Stabler to make in eighteen fifty Lincoln used a personalized seal as well. A presidential seal didn't actually appear on an invitation to an event until eighteen seventy seven Kevin according to Authors Patterson and Dougal President Rutherford B Hayes who was hosting a dinner honoring Russian Grand Duke Alexis Alexandrovich made the invites look fancier zero by placing them with a seal that featured an arc of clouds raise and stars between the Eagles wingtips but the Haze Eagle was thinner in scrawny than today's robust looking eagle and its head turned toward the bundle of arrows rather than toward the olive branch in Nineteen to President Theodore Roosevelt ordered yet another other presidential seal to be installed on the floor of the White House entrance hall. He commissioned a french-american Sculptor Philip Martigny to create a new one Martigny drew on the Hayes design fine but added a few changes including engraving the phrase the seal of the President of the United States in that circular border Truman who didn't like Martin. He's work had removed emplaced elsewhere in the White House during World War Two President Franklin Roosevelt who was fascinated with insignia asked experts to redesign the presidential seal they came up with the idea of adding ring of stars to represent. All the states and having Eagle Face the olive branches rather than the Arrows to emphasize the desire for peace rather rather than war that design was the one that Truman approved in nineteen forty five and it's been used ever since in nineteen fifty nine and nineteen sixty President Dwight Eisenhower and how updated it by adding stars for Alaska and Hawaii. Today's episode was written by Patrick Jake Jake Hydra and produced by Tyler Clang Breen stuff. It's production and I heart radio. How stuff works for more this and lots of other official topics that our home planet has stuff works dot com and for for more podcasts from iheartradio. I heart radio APP APPLE PODCASTS or wherever you listen to your favorite shows in the Montgomery County Maryland courthouse there are thousands of pages of documents detailing the horrific murders of three innocent people soon as I heard the details. I knew my dad was involved right away instantly associate Lawrence but at the time of the murders Lawrence Horn was clear across the country. I'm Jasmine Morris from iheartradio radio and hit home media. This is hitman. Listen and subscribe at Apple podcasts on the iheartradio APP or wherever you listen to podcasts.
How Has the Korean War Changed History?
"On June twenty-fifth nineteen fifty North Korean tanks rolled across the thirty eighth parallel the line that separated communist North Korea from US-backed South Korea, as a now, declassified US intelligence cable from Tokyo to Washington concluded, the incursion wasn't just a mere raid, quote the size of the North Korean forces employed, the depth of penetration the intensity of the attack and the landings made miles south of the parallel on the east coast indicated that the North Koreans are engaged in all out offensive to subjugate, South Korea. It was the start of a war that is still not ended a full seven decades later. The Korean war, which ultimately would pit the US against China in the first ever, confrontation between the two superpowers would claim the lives of an estimated two point five million military members and civilians including nearly thirty four thousand Americans the fighting would cease with an armistice on July twenty seventh nineteen fifty three but the Geneva conference of nineteen fifty four failed to produce a peace treaty in the north and south remained tense enemies, and that's the way things have pretty much continued, though in twenty eighteen North Korean dictator Kim Jong UN and South Korean president Mundi een announced that they would work together toward a peace treaty. But after the collapse of February summit between US President Donald Trump and North Korean dictator Kim Jong those tensions seemed likely to remain for a while longer. In the US the Korean war is sometimes called the forgotten war, because it's overshadowed by the conflicts that came before, and after it the stirring victory of World War Two, and the lengthy, painful ordeal of the Vietnam war. We spoke with Edward roads. A professor on the faculty of the shar school of policy and government at George Mason University in Fairfax Virginia, who's an expert in American foreign, and national security policy. He said modern Americans don't think about it much. Vietnam was more dramatic. And World War Two is more in victorious. Nevertheless, the overlooked conflict has exerted a powerful influence that still felt today according to roads, the war forever changed the course of US foreign, and national security policy. Compelling the US to accept a permanent military involvement around the globe, even in peacetime. It also helped drive, the creation of a vast US nuclear arsenal to deter possible, communist aggression with the threat of annihilation and a global nuclear arms race. Still continues all this happened, according to roads after career. A nation that had been occupied by the Japanese from nineteen ten to nineteen Forty-five was split into two by the US, and the USSR after World War Two, he explains, it was a practical matter. There were Japanese armies that had retreated into Korea from insurer, and they needed to be disarmed. We split that large task with the Soviet Union the understanding that the Soviets would design the Japanese in the north, and we would do it in the south, but as the Cold War developed between the US and its European allies and the Soviets, the temporary partition turned into a permanent one with the formation of a communist regime headed by Kim Il Sung in the north at an authoritarian pro American government headed by Sigmund, e in the south each regime sought self as the real government of Korea and its rival as illegitimate. Kim Il Sung decided to settle the matter by invading South Korea. And in may nineteen fifty finally obtained reluctant approval from his patron these stallion regime about a month later. Kim launched a surprise attack which initially had devastating result. What's the South Korean forces essentially dissolved the UN Security, Council taking advantage of a Soviet boycott of the body, then passed a measure, calling for member nations to assist the beleaguered South Koreans that mandate enabled US president Harry Truman to respond militarily without having to go to congress for a declaration of war. Up until that point, the US hadn't seen South Korea's having much strategic importance erode said, but when the North Korean tanks rolled across the border, the image that flashed in Truman's mind was that this was a repeat of what the Nazis did his responses to stand up thinking that if we had stood up to Hitler early on the world would have been a better place, an outnumbered contingent of UN forces formed, a desperate line of defense around the only part of South Korea, not yet, captured by the communists and managed to hold off the invaders for two months that gave General Douglas MacArthur, who had been placed in overall command of the UN forces enough time to make an audacious and fibia landing at Inchon near the South Korean capital of Seoul on September fifteenth. Nineteen fifty cutting off the over extended North Koreans MacArthur's forces chased the invaders back north across the thirty eighth parallel and by mid October had captured the North Korean capital of Pyongyang, but MacArthur overconfident kept pushing the North Koreans back to the Yellow River the border with China, China. Responded with a massive counterattack of between thirteen thousand and three hundred thousand troops. This time it was the UN forces who were driven back a bloody stalemate on the ground developed as the US pounded North Korea from the air MacArthur, eventually was relieved of his command by Truman and replaced with general Matthew Ridgway. The US abandoned the idea of total victory and shifted to a holding action against the communist forces road said MacArthur embraced the idea that there's no substitute for victory. You beat the enemy, and they surrender. But Rhodes explained after the Chinese intervention, quote, we're still in a situation where there's got to be a substitute for victory because how are we going to fight the manpower of China? There's a realization that we can't fight this war to victory and it's hard for the American people to accept. The longer. The war stretched on the more popular it became back in the US, many of the soldiers sent to Korea where reservists who had served in World War, Two roads, explained they've got homes and families and jobs, and then they were called up and sent to fight another war. There was a feeling that this wasn't fair. Eventually Truman successor president. Dwight Eisenhower ran on a promise that he would go to Korea and seek an end to the conflict and actually did that a month before his inauguration in nineteen Fifty-three. But though, Eisenhower had ended the fighting the Korean war still shaped his policies road said, Eisenhower looked at this as the wrong war at the wrong time using the wrong weapons, he reaches the conclusion that with the Cold War going on with the Soviets, we have to plan for the long haul. We're going to sustain this kind of military deterrence that led to resources being pumped into the development of a massive nuclear deterrent. The could be used to contain the Soviets. Additionally, Eisenhower began attempting to form licenses with more and more countries in an effort to create a unified front to hold off communist aggression. We also spoke via Email with Charles k Armstrong, the Korea foundation professor of Korean studies in the social sciences at Columbia University. He said, the US was forced to take China more. Seriously as a military power. After fighting twist del mate in the Korean war general MacArthur, had severely underestimated the Chinese military's willingness to confront the US and capacity to fight leading to a bad route for you, enforces, the initial months after China entered the war. China's participation in the Korean war. Also consolidated malls rule and asked the hopes of sub Americans. The communist regime could be rolled back and replaced by Changcai checks nationalists. Armstrong said mouse willingness to support the North Koreans directly as opposed to stallions reluctance helped solidify China North Korean relations, and caused the North Koreans to be more distrustful of the Russians for the US China was seen from the Korean war onward as the primary ally of North Korea. And the primary great power that was an enemy of the US in Korea. Armistice, ended the fighting but North Korea now backed by the Chinese remained as a belligerent enemy to South Korea, the ongoing threatment that US forces couldn't just withdrawn come home Armstrong, notes, the North Korean invasion in the emerging Cold War convinced American policymakers that the US needed a permanent military presence in Asia and Europe in order to contain communist aggression. Additionally, the Korean war helped set the table for another even bloodier, and more painful future conflict, according to Armstrong Korea led directly to the US decision to help the French against communist led insurgency in colonial Vietnam, and then after the French defeat to intervene in support of an anti communist regime in South Vietnam, which blocked an election called for by the nineteen fifty four Geneva conference that helps set the stage for the Vietnam war. Armstrong, said the most lasting legacy of the Korean war for the US was these stablishment of a global military presence over the long term and a commitment to confront communism throughout the world during the Cold War. And for Korea and East Asia ideological and military confrontation that has lasted seven decades that included a US force stationed in South Korea as a deterrent to North Korea, which in turn has a massive array of long range, artillery, and rockets equipped with chemical and biological weapons aimed at Seoul. That's in addition to the nuclear weapons and ballistic missile arsenal. The Trump so far has been unable to persuade the North Korean regime to give up.
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on Uncontrolled Airspace: General Aviation Podcast
"Used to be mid continent. Now, it's what Dwight D Eisenhower, national airport. Okay. Fine. Don't mask me about national, but I just I just wanted to point out that doc now has a forever home and congratulate congratulate the friends of dot organism action and anybody else who contributed or was part of that. Good job, folks. Now is this more than just a place to get the airplane out of the rain? Is there like a displays or the exhibits, can you go and visit? That I don't know. Yes. On both points making sense. Yeah. And is the exhibit part of it also complete? I mean is that if one we're in Wichita, could they go there? Now I mean swimming as the right day of the week have believe so and they'll be adding to it to the exhibits of an exhibitor all about the history of the twenty nine and doc, in particular. And if I'm remembering this, right? I haven't been out there for a while. There's a glass wall, so you can see the airplane from the street. Oh, cool. And it's all lit up cruel. Yeah. Oh my yeah. I was just saying too bad. We don't have a away of looking these things too bad. We don't know anybody who lives nearby that could picture. Yeah. I'm looking at the docks friends. Right. Yeah. Doc friends website, which happens to.
Who Gets Credit For The Booming US Economy?
"As you may have heard here on KOMO President Trump was laughed at during his speech at the UN general assembly yesterday, he claimed that over two years his administration accomplished more than almost any administration in the history of the country, prompting chuckles from the audience of world leaders examining the accuracy of the president's claims in front. Of the UN general assembly is Glenn Kessler affect checker for the Washington Post and glides with me on the KOMO news on hey, Glenn. How are you? All right, you right. That this claim that America's economy is booming. Like never before is highly dubious to say, the least y. Well, he is often said that that the. This is the greatest economy in US history. And we had looked at this weeks ago. I should note he said this. He said this more than fifty times. And certainly the economy is. In a very good state. But just about every measure, you can look at economic growth unemployment that sort of thing the economy is not doing as well as it did under president. Dwight Eisenhower Lyndon Johnson Bill Clinton. Economists. I spoke to historical contests also said that you listen GRANDE presided over economy that would be better than the one that we currently have. Okay. As an offshoot. He's said that he has passed the biggest tax cuts and reforms in American history. How accurate is that? It's completely false. He doesn't even rank in the way essentially that tax cuts would measure the size of the economy. Ranks eight in in recent history. He said he says in American history, but we went back to the last hundred years and it ranks in size as number eight. We're talking with Glenn Kessler from Washington Post. A fact checker for the post reviewing some of the president's recent claims and comments he has also blamed OPEC for higher domestic gas prices. What's the real story there? Well, actually, the biggest factor right now in the rise of oil prices is the president's decision to terminate the nuclear agreement with Iran and imposed new sanctions on that country. Iran is one of the world's biggest oil producers under the sanctions that the president is pushing many countries would not be able to purchase oil from Iran. And so that it has started a spike in the price of oil, and many experts have say it could be one hundred dollars a barrel. When the sanctions are imposed currently it's about seventy dollars a barrel stick with Iran for a minute. He says they grew their military budget by nearly forty percent after the nuclear deal was signed. Yeah. That's not quite right either. It did increase a almost thirty percent since the nuclear deal resigned. But just looking at a raw number is not always, particularly helpful. All of its spending went up. Military spending increased alongside overall government spending. And so as as old role share of government spending. There was barely any increase in Iran's military expenditures, Jeff or Glenn great job were reporting. Very interesting reading Glenn Kessler. The fact checker for the Washington Post. You can read his stuff fact checking President Trump's speech, the UN general assembly in Washington, Post dot com.
Dwight Eisenhower, Jim Henson and Director discussed on Steve and Ted
"And, will the. New JAMES BOND film make it's twenty nineteen release date Multiple outlets now, saying that due to director Danny Boyle's exit from the project bonds twenty-five will likely be
San Francisco Voters Approve Flavored Tobacco Ban
"And you don't have to be a judge that is still so weird isn't it you you crazy for example earl warren who was chief justice appointed by by dwight eisenhower never served a minute on the bench and was nominated to the supreme court you don't even you don't have to be a lawyer you know if be a judge i think the only requirement is you have to be alive so we're all qualified we are every one of us is qualified to be us supreme court justice under qualified is a different story eligible i think is the word exactly voters in san francisco ever proved a ban on selling flavored tobacco what a shocker even though the tobacco industry just rj reynolds alone contributed twelve million dollars against the measure now this is against this is the the ban is on menthol cigarettes flavored vaping liquids the president of the american vaping association says it's a travesty that anti vaping extremists would mislead as voters into making it harder for adult smokers to quit see they're arguing that vaping helps people quit and that's what vaping is about that's all that's the only reason that people that the tobacco industry is invading is to help people quit smoking just ask them we have a young man who is won the democratic nomination for a state senate district seat in iowa and he has a very interesting history zak walls he's twenty six now back in twenty eleven when he was nineteen he made a speech to the lawmakers in iowa about his lesbian parents trying to convince them his family wasn't really any different than their families and video went viral and here he is few years later and he's going to actually be part of the same body that he spoke to yup he won the democratic nomination for the iowa state senate damn good for he's also very responsible for the boy scouts lifting their ban on gay people as parents being lebanese both zaire women parents and a good good for him that eagle scout anyway his mother is a female as is his father okay talking more about the volcanoes lava has destroyed hundreds more homes in hawaii looting the house that belong to the big islands mayor still it's still terrible just say it's not his primary beach front homes have been destroyed.
"dwight d. eisenhower" Discussed on NewsRadio1620
"House fourteen twenty eight for which you view desiring to build a power does not sit down first intel to cost whether he has pleaded dwight d eisenhower said plans are nothing planning is everything escape atoms whether weather some san jose california hi adam how are you green bay just assume sir how can i help you so my wife and i won a little bit of direction here we had a wave of i have happened over the last year we got control of our financier sudi hurdle through davies tab one two and three we had a baby go great menu and kicking it happened so quickly and we're looking for cougar action had a pretty big income increase year we i became a real accord we're both futures a public school teachers and we went from one seventy five to four hundred and eight thousand this year good or go very well well as you know you know the baby steps you got baby steps three of three to six months of expenses that completed all components good and are you putting fifteen percent of your income away and baby step four that's where we have a couple of questions colored archie to retirement and i know kind of how you can vote we may put away quote percent a year from among bought my wife and myself withdrawn from you or they do it for you they do it for okay yeah on legal lugo i've had a new idi um deferred conflict dependent on april now for the last few years and i have a little bit of money on there and now i don't think we qualify for a roth ira now gonna have to do back door rothschild but that still it doesn't move the needle much a back door roth is were when you're over the income limit you open a tradition final ira and you i mean uh you after an opening a traditional aftertax ira and the new role it to a roth okay and you're allowed to do that and i do those every year so but that's still only only fifty five hundred for each of these only eleven thousand were still nowhere near our fifteen percent going into retirement and so you're do you have a staff in the real estate business i don't when i started and work really really hard and look when went everybody the new kandar i would look.