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"dr sonia birth acelle" Discussed on A Way to Garden with Margaret Roach

A Way to Garden with Margaret Roach

12:51 min | 6 months ago

"dr sonia birth acelle" Discussed on A Way to Garden with Margaret Roach

"And you know in your quote cutting garden twenty five acres of it. You've got to have stuff a succession of things. So I'm assuming that if just because you're starting some of these things now are soon ish to plant out in May in our zone five B. He doesn't mean you expect those same seedlings to be perfect and still producing flowers in August and September. Are you like doing St- succession plantings of these things. Or what. Yeah reject successions of well. Yeah it depends pens on the plant right so so we do for successions a year of Zinnias. Wow Yeah Cilicia I think Cosmos gets five. Flou- yeah you know just 'cause 'cause when it's a cutting garden you want it you want top quality flowers every time you cut right. So we'll just ditch an old planting just because it's not so good anymore And move on to the fresh planting like even no it might still be producing flowers. They're not that great anymore So so keeping keep having fresh plantings and you keep getting really really nice flowers all season as long. And then there's other things like sunflowers we plant every two weeks And then there's a few things that we only have to do twice a year so I do an early spring spring planting of gun-free INA and then we'll plant out more in July and that gets us through the fall with like a nice fresh crop of that straw flower the Road Becky as we do twice a year Gabby owes Yeah a lot of things and then there's some things right that you could succession plant all year long and But I kind of get bored of that or or things. I don't WanNa see you again until the fall. Right right right I mean Colangelo is one that like yeah we could grow all year. But it's you know the oranges and yellows I kind of want to see that yellow in the spring and then they'll orange and yellow again in the fall. I have enough other orange and yellow in the summer that I don't want it listening to Jenny. I finally got it. That sewing annual flowers once for spring planting isn't going to get you through the entire possible astles season of maximum blooms bouquets spring to fall any more than sewing lettuce once does and I got another big tip from her about the steps. Yep We all too often skip when growing from seed pinching. Here's what we discussed with some of the ones that we've talked about do. Do they require any other treatment. Like pinching or anything or are these all things that just sort of got you. Let go to their natural inclination Oh Gosh I'm I'm trying to think of anything I don't pinch. Oh good okay so explain that to us because of course a lot of us mere gardeners over here back to that we set them out and we know what I mean so tell us I mean. Don't get me wrong. I I start every year with the intention to pinch everything thing and of course I don't get to everything and they do fine right but But Yeah we pinched everything. When it's I mean general rule I would I'd say when it's about four inches high? We pinch it down to about three sets of leaves so all those India's I guess I don't certain Celo he says I don't pinch like the brain celosias. They won't form that big center flower. You Pinch them right 'cause most as much better pinched Gosh just about everything. Yeah so you pinch it down and it seems really harsh and scary and like you're killing your plants and in all that it does is less you get more taller flowers. How you're really doing a good thing? So got that everybody successions. Lots of them and Pinch Pinch Pinch. Now let's move on to a less appealing topic so called crazy Z.. Worms or Asian jumping worms several invasive earthworm species that are spreading alarmingly and degrading soil and natural habitats. Many of you have asked specifically how can I stop them and unfortunately researchers do not yet have an answer for an update on directions in research. I called Brad Herrick. Eric University of Wisconsin Madison with the staff. I noticed the destructive effects of Asian jumping worms in two thousand thirteen and has been studying them since I asked Brad how to tell if you have the worms which are increasingly widening their territory in the eastern. US The midwest and have even been identified lied in Oregon. What are the telltale signs of these worms versus familiar earthworms who do not degrade the sausage so dangerously? Listen into our July conversation. Asian around the time these invasive species reach maturity now that you've been setting them since two thousand thirteen if people ask you you know other than doing DNA analysis or whatever what do you say the telltale signs of of these worms versus the other earthworms that we talked about so a couple of things And it somewhat depends on what time of year you're you're looking for them but The first thing that you can see any time of year is is this Specific soil signature And that is these Asian or produce a very coffee like a coffee ground like ensuring during the soil loose granular soil That's actually made A. They're they're casting their their excrement And so they've do they create this layer of really loose soil really granular soil which you know all earthworms produce cast but most earthworms produce little kind of Little Casting Hills little Kind of sporadic landscape where dumping worms is kind of homogenized uniform. Look look to it. That's one thing that you can see in the winter. If you're GonNa Snow Melt you can that that are far if you know that the permanent change to the soil so that's one thing and then As they mature so in in Wisconsin they're almost be mature adults though MEMPHIS or jumping worms. Generally if you look if you if you if you have one and you look towards the head even if you can't figure out what end is is up. There's a white ring around one of the end. It goes all the way around the body and that's called the talent and that's where they produce cocoons. That are the new offspring kind outta the reproductive center of the earthworm and have one but most earthworms There is kind of the same color as the rest of the body and it's it's raised And it doesn't go all the way around if you turn it over. It's kind of like a saddle where it doesn't not a ban right right right. Jumping worms have a ban and have a milky white and when they're when they're fully Mature adults that's a telltale signs And there's no other earthworm. That isn't a jumping worm that has has kind of structure And lastly just their behavior They're called called snake. Were jumping where they can be very erratic very they're aggressive. They just don't like being handled and they will flop around and no L. Wiggle away. They'll even try and drop part of their tail The last several segments to escape Being handled roughly or other earthworms. Are you know kind of Wigley. But they're not they're not actively flopping around trying to get away from you so And I guess maybe one more thing to mention is that Early in the spring April a if you're seeing fully formed earthworms log earthworms those those won't be likely won't be jumping worms. Because wormed our annual species and so under normal chronic conditions. They're going to be hatching from cocoons. It'd be really tiny in the in the spring won't be full-sized until the middle of the summer right end of the summer even so any larger swimmer. Seeing in April may in some other species that is not a dumping were with the transcript of today's program. You can listen into the rest of my talk with Brad who also gives a recipe for what's called a mustard poor. They used as a test on a small area soil during the worms. Active season. Confirm their presence along with lots of links for more information from unwanted worms to unwanted weeds and specifically non on toxic tactics for their control. I called Dr Sonia Birth Acelle who completed her PhD at the University of Maine in late two thousand eighteen and focused her research there on helping farmers by studying practical solutions for issues posed by climate change weed management and more then included the subject of soil soil solarization- that many of gardeners use to in the name of weed suppression. She shared insights from research. That we can all benefit from including the subject of the effects of clear versus black plastic in how using black material isn't really sola rising but something slightly different so soil solar ization as the practice of covering moisten soil with clear plastic for a period of weeks And this creates a local greenhouse effect so solar energy heats up the water molecules in the soil. That heat stays trapped under the plastic and If conditions are suitable you get temperatures pitcher hot enough to kill pests including plant pathogens and weeds. And so this has been used most extensively in parts of the world that.

Brad Herrick St- succession Colangelo Gabby India US Jenny Wisconsin Little Casting Hills Dr Sonia Birth Acelle Eric University of Wisconsin Celo Oregon MEMPHIS University of Maine