35 Burst results for "Dopamine"
Want to Lose Weight? Cut out the Dairy
"Our first common trigger for weight gain would be dairy. Dairy is such an addictive food that it makes people just wanna keep eating more and more and more. It's very easy to overeat. It's very easy to eat too frequently. Because of a number of things one reason why dairy is so addictive is because because of its protein casing so the protein and dairy is called casing which your body breaks down into case a more orphans and this causes your brain to release dopamine which gives you a pleasure reward. Every time you eat dairy such make that more simple you eat a piece of cheese or you eat any kind of dairy and the protein called casing breaks down into caso morphines that cause your brain to release a bunch of dopamine and then you feel pleasure and you feel reward. So that's not bad. That's not good. That's not anything it's just. It is what it is so every time you have dairy. You're getting a pleasure and reward response so that makes your body want more of that it. It wants to eat more dairy to feel better to feel really good and it's just kind of goes on and on and on and it becomes an addiction so that would show up in real life like this. You're may be feeling a little bit down. You're tired you're sad you're bored and your brain knows that it wants his hit of dopamine and soap makes you want to eat a slice of cheese or it makes you wanna have some ice cream or some cream or some cottage cheese any of that stuff and then you just go for it because you're thinking. Oh you know. I'm going to be an intuitive eater. I'm a carnivore. Dairy is totally fine. So i can just have as much of this as my body is craving but you can see how. It's not really a true craving that your body needs the dairy. It's that it your body is wanting this hit of pleasure this hit of reward so that's why it can be so difficult for people to give up dairy and that's why so many people are they have an emotional reaction when you even suggests giving up dairy. It makes them feel bad in their in their mind. It doesn't they don't wanna do
The Difference Between Taming and Treating your Mental Health
"Is a mental health epidemic but one in six adults use psychiatric medications. One in four americans will go on to develop a mental illness at some point in their lifetime. And why is all this happening. What's the problem what's actually going on. We'll we're treating mental health from name. It blame it team at approach. So what is this name. Somebody comes in and they're diagnosed with anxiety the name it. Then you say okay. We're gonna blame this. On your biochemistry in imbalance serotonin or dopamine. Then we're going to tame it with medication anti-anxiety medication let's say benzodiazepine. And that's really what it's doing it's taming it. It's re reducing the signal that your body is giving because anxiety and depression are signals signals. That something is going wrong and these medications or quieting those signals. Sometimes we do need to tame these things and sometimes it's really important to team that you can actually get to the root of it Efficaciously if somebody's in a place where they can't handle the treatment than teaming at makes a lot of ads. What is the solution. Now how do we move out of this epidemic so our solution is to really switch our focus and have its paradigm shift around mental health. Mental health is established when a person is able to feel whole we have certain human requirements certain needs and these need to be met in order to feel whole when these needs of a human are not met when chronic illness rises. We'll talk about what i mean by these needs as we go on. We need to start to focus on wellness promotion versus joe symptom management so for just treating anxiety with an anti anxiety medication. And that's really symptom management. Were not getting to the root of why was this person anxious in the first
Should I Take a Job Just for the Salary Increase?
"How you doing first time caller. You got a question for you about Career okay so effectively and in I'm i'm gonna roll the business analyst. I'm trying to exit this career field and become a financial adviser. I just find that. That's what gives me the most Dopamine sages in life is helping people with their finances That be that being said. The baby step two We're down from about one hundred thousand to forty pounds in new meaning. Got it to go and we just recently had a baby so our income has been cut just nine income at about sixty thousand. But that being said i Had reached out to me with an opportunity. it's again of business analyst for about one hundred them I just wonder you know if i should take it. Even though i'm trying to exit this arena You know to get that increase in in pay be debt free in a year flat and then move on with my career aspirations or if i should not be pursuing something that is not in line with my one premium this So so if you move to a financial adviser what do you make you know I think it largely determined largely determined by the The commission that i'd be able to can i think starting out from what i've seen. It can range from sixty on through. I mean you're radically. Sky's the limit i mean. If you're just gonna be you know just just a total superstar and can quite a bit So i you know. I think starting out at maybe comparable to me now it comparible except that it has upside based on your performance. And it's and it's doing what you love idea. Yes go do that right so you would not take the. Don't do that in my hundred. Sixty sixty downside if you go do that and you make seventy or eighty versus taking one hundred and then you turn around and walk back out on those people who are you a year later. That's kinda why. I'm going to tell you that
"dopamine" Discussed on Sports? with Katie Nolan
"If there's one person that knows about the body in how it works all year round. It's may if there's a one person in the world who knows about the body. Vague very vague knows about the body and the way it works all year round. It's lebron james if there's if there's two it's like a doctor but if there's one it's lebron james that's the most lebron tweet a very local massively mean what you're saying you okay. You're right you're the expert. You're the foremost expert. So as the foremost expert why are you making sure that everybody's vaccinated because if the health and safety of players which is what he goes on and says is that the health and safety of players. The whole point should be the whole point. It just feels like we're talking about the same thing. Let's also the league is trying like the league was dealt a set of cards. And they're just doing. They're playing with the the the least worst decision and they made last season work trying to figure this season. Have you see this is what they are. What least worst. For what. And i think it's finances it's least worst for a financial impact. Yes but ours will dealers for the health and safety not least where. It's the least worst trying to save as much money and and the players get just about fifty percent of all that money totally sure but like. Don't play them on the point where you're breaking superstars. His tweet goes on to say something. Like sorry fans. You should be watching the players that you like. And it's like well you sound a little salt the broncos watching softball until it ended. You're not out because you're injured out. 'cause your team is playing anymore but just it's let me also say while i'm just getting messy on this podcast this week. Hell of a year for the nfl. Add a game. hell aveer. Honestly when we're like oh. Every league is playing too many games in the only way to junior athletes. Way too thin our athletes more time. And we're like let's add another. Nfl the nfl. They never get like. Kobe really. didn't mess up there. They they still displayed their schedule. Like i i'm so frustrated steelers megara word. I mean the vikings. I feel like a lot of people. Had their schedules messed up. But it didn't stop the season the gut their season and last year and then they had theirs for their season in two they got the nineteen twenty season and then covert happens and they had the most time to get ice for the most part they were able to move things around but it wasn't like they had a truncated season. Like no. You're that's very true. Yeah but the funny thing is the. Nfl always does seem to be doing things in reverse of other people like the or other leagues like the nfl used Only air on sunday and then once the demand was there they started to move throughout the schedule they added. I think first thursday night maybe monday night was first and thursday night and they started to and then their viewership stayed high because it was like whatever Except when thursday night football game starting to be absolutely baby. This is how we get an eighth day in a extra weakened is the nfl's like let's create another day. We'd get more games. They have the power to do that. I think they do if they did. They would've used it by now but it is funny that they're like let's slowly add more games and other leagues are like seasons are too long. What do we do. It's like build it to grow it by you know in twenty years. There's going to be an nfl game every day of the week as travis adjusted. Maybe we'll have a whole nother day of the week and there's going to be it's going to be a yearlong sport with no brakes like that's goodell's goal is to just grow grow grow grow grow grow grow every it's going to be an all different countries it's going to be an international sport because that's a growth model whereas you start with as many games as you have your finances of that many games and then you see what it would cost you. If you cut those games down in the best interest of your players if you make it less games and uncreative people are like. I don't wanna lose money. We gotta keep this many games. We have to get in as many games as we possibly can instead of being like if there were less games the demand for games will go up and the viewership would probably go up and yada yada yada yada such and such and so forth. We are two stories into the podcast. Kevin durant kevin durant reminded us who kevin durant is a in game. Five kyrie was out hard and played but didn't do much show himself. Well yeah i mean. He's coming back from an injury weirdly. He played like forty six minutes if they can't stop because then like a his muscles get called. I'm like so you're just gonna run into your eyes. You can't stop. He's a shark is just keep swimming. Gabe katie i mean. Played every minute. He played every minute like it was his last shirt on. It was fun. it was fun to see katie. Do katie things. Because after his injury a lot of people were like well we had it. We should be grateful that we had it. We might never see it again. And then he was like pigou. Forty points crazy. So the What's that series at three. Two yeah What have reggie miller tweet. After the game he tweeted. I'm just going to throw this out there to see what the response is will be like. If you're steve the nets would you sit chains. Arnold kevin durant game six because of the heavy minutes tonight. Push your ships in the center of the table for game..
"dopamine" Discussed on Sports? with Katie Nolan
"Damn pour one out for my for my beloved These very sad. And i said look you've got the mvp that's big. You lost a player. You needed them you work. I do without jamal. Murray you tried your best and it is what it is so now chris. Paul is in the covid. Nineteen protocol the latest. Is that to the latest that they can play. is tuesday. the earliest the sons can plays sunday. Her how long do you have to stay in the protocol if you are vaccinated because jalen rose and i guess other people. Since then have reported that. Chris paul is vaccinated so i believe it's ten days two consecutive negative test. I thought that was if you aren't vaccinated. I thought that's what i read. Because i know for golf when they pull jon rahm off the course and he's not. I believe jon rahm was not fourteen days in the clear. Jon rahm is vaccinated. Oh he is okay. It's so weird to me. It is so weird and then it also feels like it's not like every time. I think it's weird that i remember that like in order to go to school we had to be vaccinated and nobody ever made a big fuss about that. It wasn't like our privacy was being infringed upon we all just like i'll go get my measles my vaccines you think i wanted to know but we did and now it feels like it's become i don't know it's just this topic in general gives me so much anxiety for many reasons not the least of which being i'm terrified of needles thinking about needles is enough to make me light headed. It's the the one thing the i don't like us. How quickly. I say this that we we are just general. Everybody of assuming the person's not vaccinated or a that they are like dumb and like let's let's pump the brakes. Let's see if we can get some facts on this before we just jump bonham combination of number of factors that leads to that one being that are afraid to speak about things now because they get used against them which is silly in itself. Because if you're being honest and you're speaking honestly then it shouldn't matter if a narrative is spun because you can address it again. Speaking honestly and continuing to be honest and transparent. I think where people freak out is that they start to worry about how certain words are going to sound. And what they're going to be lumped into so then they're not fully transparent about their views on something or they say things like. I don't know i want to wait until i have. All the information and know reporter asks the follow up of but your coach brought in an expert to give you all of the information. So what information are you lacking. What information are you still looking for. Everybody is defaulting to these terms. That get them out of accountability. But don't actually address their concerns. I think that there's a lot of fear. I think that it's not necessarily conscious fear. I don't think it's like a lot of people would admit to it being that they're afraid but if you're not getting a vaccine and you have reasons one of those reasons you gotta assume is like a fear that something's going to happen to you. It's like you don't trust. And i think that what stinks is that right now. What we're seeing is people who are very frustrated with the way that this pandemic was handled both by sports and leagues and teams and then even bigger governments and just look global. I think people are frustrated with the way that it was handled on both sides and people think that it should have been less restrictions than people thought they should have handled it quicker and now what we have is just a bunch of people who are like on split down the middle and yelling at each other and if someone is afraid of doing something yelling at them to do it is not usually the course of action. That is best. But i also feel like. It's too difficult for people to discuss the fears that they're having because they get yelled at if they don't say exactly what they want to like. I i am not yet vaccinated. This is the thing that has come up recently. Then i'm like it's weird for me to talk about the vaccinations of athletes. When i know full well. I'm not vaccinated and i go back and forth on this a lot so walk with me down this path while i try to figure out what i'm trying to say i'm not vaccine to because i'm tacitly frayed of needles. That sounds childish to people. It's very real to me. Once i reached the age i had to start making my own. Doctors appointments in going out of my way to get stuck with needles. I will admit. I do it less. Is that good. No but for this one in particular might approach was. I don't leave my house. i don't go to work. There's not a time soon where i'm going to have to go to work. The two of you who. I've never met in person. Don't even work in the same state that i live in. So if i were to go to work it would be to sit on. Zoom with you and dues. Podcast exactly the way. I do it here. There is i only my house. And so why i'm not vaccinated yet and i'm going to be soon and i don't wanna talk about it because i'm scared so when i started to be like a one of accident it's a who am i to say then i'm like. Yeah but i'm not leaving my house and if my job was to be out in the world and i had to go out in the world i would have had more of a fire under my ass to get vaccinated earlier I just feel like the thing that the nba players and all athletes need to know which is why people are trying to demand their answers on whether or not they're vaccinated is because we're watching you go out and interact with people and travel across the country a pandemic and it will put a lot of people in danger and a lot of people are afraid of going back to where we were were. This pandemic was out of control again and there was nothing we could do and everybody felt incredibly hopeless. We wanna watch sports. We also want the athletes to be safe and for it not to make the pandemic worse but then from the athlete point of view. I think what they would like the public to be more. I guess empathetic to that. There has been whether it's misinformation or information. There's been a lot of confusion about which vaccines in which you know. Like i remember that. Something was reported about the johnson. Johnson vaccine that. When i looked into it i was like oh that was a very small amount of cases but i remember if i hadn't been paying attention if i hadn't looked it up and i had just breezed past the headline my takeaway would have been like. Don't get johnson and johnson and like you've got to remember that a lot of athletes are not sitting at home scrolling through the internet reading through everything they play sports and so they may not know but they know that there's something they should be scared of and then we're all just like get so it's like the has with any conversation everyone's yelling and a couple it just it takes a couple people to meet halfway. Someone's got to be willing to meet people halfway. What is it about this. That scares you and the other thing is that like. I think we didn't know that much about vaccines before and now when people hear how. Vaccines have always worked. They're like oh. That's those numbers aren't good and it's like those are better than the numbers used to be and we never used a question getting them. It's a very complicated situation. All i'm saying. I'm uncomfortable discussing the medical situations of athletes as much as we do as quickly as we do after finding out something like this now. I just feel like i talked to now. I'm going to get yelled at for something that i said. Are you handle that. Well i think that's i mean not that i'm just i just it is weird..
"dopamine" Discussed on Sports? with Katie Nolan
"We've got more to talk to randy scott about than that and so the fact that it wasn't even the fact that he posted a picture of him on a date which i think is like we should ever me. I want information on that. Like no randy. Scott is a has thoughts on american cheese like it was just like a such tiny niche subject. That travis then publicly tweets like we gotta have randy back on the podcast. Now feels mommy. Look to have randy back on the podcast. And i'm not setting randy up for success travis. Do you see what's happening here going to be the first time somebody says to you. I'd like to come back on. The podcast travis was like hey look i. We should book this guy. I trust randy. I just trust brandy implicitly. Do you are you trusting. How do you not trust randall. I don't know i got. I haven't really ever met randy i can trust. I'm getting there with randy scott. I'm there well before you again. It's a shorter walk for you. Others of us have to travel path. Check the map here. We go in the right way. So that's all that. What else am i missing clearly. I'm missing something. I'll remember it tomorrow and be upset with myself forgetting it today. On the podcasts. We've a lot of stuff to get to. Most of which i have written down here in a book. Which is my ipod. Dock for the day where i wrote down everything i cared about. We have this. Chris paul story that he's on the what's the what's it called. He's in covert nineteen protocol. We can't say he has covid. We don't know if he has a vaccine against jalen rose who I've heard other people say okay so either way. Chris paul's in that. Chris paul's done amiss games. Potentially because of the thing that would happen if you had covid but he might have been exposed. Kovin get into what we get to the story. This is just the tease we also have. We got the sticky baseball situation. We got durant headed game. We've got coaches fired. The nhl's semifinals. There's the dallas front office stored on. We're gonna get to that. But i have written down. There's the nc double arizona. State thing travis. Do you know anything about that. Because if you don't we won't talk about it software things about we can discuss. Maybe there's a whole bunch of stuff cubs fan beer snake. We have a request from twitter for us to discuss the beer snake. I know it was a while ago. But it's been a week since we've done a podcast. There's some old stories especially the story about the euro league that track the very almost tragic but still very scary traumatizing story. You know all that stuff. We got a lot of stuff. It's sports related. Isn't that exciting. But first today's podcast brought to you by simply safe travis. How would like me tell people about. Simply i would like. It is a fewer announcer katie. So gymnasts friends. I guess aren't they're kinda quiet right. I haven't watched golfing like along very peaceful and calm. Okay travis seemed you keep doing a hand motion just like christina. Remember the feeling you got as a kid getting tucked into bed or the feeling you get now on the arms somebody love safe and secure so feeling of security. That only comes through a human connection. That's why the people it's simply safe home. Security are so important of course. Simplisafe has an award-winning system. That has all the technology bells and whistles. You'd expect these days but the people simply safe really take it to the next level there around the clock anytime.
"dopamine" Discussed on Sports? with Katie Nolan
"Who do you like. Don't like so. I absolutely over by the way. If you hate your skip ahead five minutes. It'll be fine. Everybody who says that they hate the show. You're wrong below deck rules and captain lee. I will not stand any slander. He is co perfect. I love him. I want him to charter every single one of my boats. I wanted to be my captain forever. Love him kate she gets it done. She knows exactly what she's doing. I want her to deal with theme parties every weekend for me. She's amazing okay. I didn't like amy at first. The one who she was on for like back i didn't love her at first time around on her. Yeah the third season with rocky and all the other crazy people. I really started to like a knee. Because she wasn't the annoying one she was like yes. She was the more sane like okay people in a situation where they're surrounded by people who are crazier than them. They will normalize themselves out to being. Yes normally she like her first season. I remember her creating this drama with one of the other girls whose name i now forget who had slept with her boyfriend two million years ago and every had a girl yes time. That girl was like every cat was like what's up. What are you mad at me about. She was like nothing. It's nothing and then behind. Her back was like this and then when catcalled or out on it she was like. Why are you guys all talking about me. Because you're not talking if you're mad at her teller if not move on but she was in this weird inbetween but then the season with rocky. She was like okay. This girl's clearly off her rocker. I'm gonna just a associate myself with kate. And i can become cates ally and then they both were like. Oh look at that. We're actually friends. So it's like you'll create drama if there's nothing there but if there's some there then you tend to be like i'm going to let that be the drama exactly all rocky creates drama all on her own however. I was just telling travis this before. We started recording. I hate as viewer when the two people that i hate most in reality. Tv team up and now they're best friends. I hate that so rocky has now teamed up with leon the chef of that season the remember how leon was so like. I'm going to cook food. I y i don't really care am on my own time and cates. Like what are you doing and he was just like unnecessarily rude me up. Well now leon rockier like bff's and she's like as others. So i'm like 'cause you suck yet so why that's frustrating because you're like you're both wrong and now you're trying to make each other feel like you're willing each other's shred argument to fight. What's right like it's so annoying. I had a guy yesterday on twitter tweet at me. I hope kate gets better after season. Two because right now. I can't see a world i'm paraphrasing. But this was the gist of what he said a world in which he's a decent human and i was like. Oh oh. I mean. I would hope that. He was exaggerating in the way that people do when they talk about people on reality tv. Like if you don't like her. I'm still perplexed at least like okay. You can dislike a person's personality ability to be a decent person that to me was like what do you mean. How would that be possible. She's a she's a little harsh. She or tells a cover industry. She's she doesn't always put sugar on things when she feeds it to you but she might not smile at you all the time. I think you'll reasons that i like. Her is because it's nice to see a female character. That's just like yom not gonna smart. You don't pay me to smile for you. You pay me to provide you with the level of service that it takes a lot of concentration for me to provide you with an forget about that smile if my drink gets to me on time. Well that's why i loved. Do you remember the back and forth between that one reoccurring charter group. Where the guy called her called her out in front of like all the other guests. Just yeah exactly and so. She made the peanuts towel on his bed loved. That absolutely loved that he called her out. She was like she felt. You're for a lot of that episode. She was like. I might cost us a tip. Why did i do that. I really really shouldn't done that like once. She realised at first she was. It was a rocket ship. What are you talking about. But you could see her up which. I actually was still funny. She's just like you know what he called me out. And i was getting my revenge and editing. They made it seem like the guy was mad and then at the end he revealed that he thought it was hilarious. And it was like. Oh yeah. I thought that was really odd. The way they edited that like they should have just made. It seem more funny than he. S reality tv either way. I just I guess i don't notice the difference between the seasons because it's been a while now but this changed remarkably between two and three. Is there like a redeeming moment in three. I think three she's more likable. Because of the fact that everybody else is so noticeably crazy that you need someone kate to be like. She's a professional and she's telling everyone how to do their jobs..
7 Simple Strategies for Eliminating Sugar Cravings
"I'm talking about seven simple strategies for eliminating sugar cravings once and for all and so all of us have experienced sugar cravings in fact sugars just as addictive as anything else on the planet. We consume sugar or sweet foods. We naturally get an elevation in our neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine serotonin makes us feel good dopamine. Actually as our rewards center we actually feel really really good when we boost stuff that dopamine so we kinda get this huge neurotransmitter release. We feel really really good when we consume it. Unfortunately sugar a short-lived sugar stresses. Our body causes inflammation now those neurotransmitters go down. And then we want the next hit and it just becomes addictive cycle and pattern that we get under and so really ultimately. It comes down to three big things here. Number one is consuming the wrong foods. And we're creating this hypoglycemic type reaction blood sugar's going way up and then way down rights we've got this Blood sugar roller coaster taking place and that really comes down to choosing the right foods. Okay and really having in a sense. Just the right nutrition patterns the second big thing is oftentimes. We're dealing with something called hp dysfunction. The brain is not communicating. Well with the adrenal glands because we feel really burnt out stressed
The Future of Ecstasy Plus Therapy for PTSD
"We have staff writer and editor kelly cervix. She's here to talk about the future of md m a this is a controlled. Substance sometimes called ecstasy or molly that has had some success in clinical trials for ptsd alongside talk therapy. Okay kelly how you doing. I'm doing okay. How are you sarah. Good i'm good. Let's start with the recent clinical trial results of md m. a. and therapy that was tested on. Ptsd patients. how did that go. How did that work. So there were ninety people in this study who were revised to get kind of a unique course of psychotherapy. They had a series of preparatory sessions with a trained therapist and then they got three eight hour long experimental sessions where they got either. Md ama or a placebo and then they got this series of sort of integration sessions to process that experience and the results were that two months after the last experimental session the difference between the drug and the placebo groups was pretty clear. Sixty seven percent of the participants who got md may no longer met the diagnostic criteria for ptsd at that point compared with thirty two percent of those who got placebo so this is sort of the the biggest and most thorough study of its kind to really find potential benefits of this drug in ptsd. What are the effects of this drug and people. I think maybe from popular culture people might think of it as something you take in a nightclub. Yeah this has definitely a reputation of a club drug that. I think that these investigators are really trying to overcome and may have a lot of complicated mechanisms and we don't understand all of them but it's thought that many of its effects come from its ability to increase certain neuro transmitters in the brain including dopamine and serotonin and so people sometimes described euphoric experience. Sometimes a sense of openness and sort of a heightened ability for empathy and you can imagine that something that in the case of ptsd therapists might aimed to exploit if a trauma survivors facing intrusive flashbacks in israeli avoiding these disturbing memories of something that happened to them. This drug might give them sort of less. Fearful less judgmental state in which to reflect on and process. What happened to them. That's the
Your Questions Answered
"This week. I have several community questions that you also admitted. And i'll be answering those in a minute but first i wanted to start by sharing my thoughts about a few things that i have been thinking about this week so i i want to remind you all that we are still in second place for the webby awards so i would love for you to take a minute right now. I know you have to sign up to vote. I hate those systems too. But we really want to win this award if we can also if you will go to therapy for black girls dot com slash a webby and vote for us to be the best health and wellness podcasts. I would have really appreciated. So nex cindy anna will often see like random tweets on the time line and go into a deep dive of omega fish. This so this week we both saw. But cindy sent this tweet to me a tweet by a twitter user tinker sick. Ti in k. e. r. s. e. c. that was basically titled. Oh my gosh my brain can break and so it was a an extended thread by this guy who it sounds like is an info security about basically how he had so much that he broke his brain so he was spending so much time on the computer in doing so much cognitive work that he started to have seizures and so he went to lots of doctors. You know nobody could really find out what was going on until finally he was able to make an appointment with a neuro psychologist. I believe it was and he was diagnosed with functional neurological disorder and so he basically in his words he says 'i depleted my brain of dopamine in glucose. So i did not even know this was a thing and neither did cindy and so we started thinking like oh my gosh so just one more thing ray for us to be anxious about like how is this possible so i started doing all this research around like. How do you even test. The levels of glucose in your brain which then led me to finding that spinal tap basically was the only way to test is at least from my preliminary research. I am by no means an expert in this area and so we were both just really fascinated by this thread because again. It wasn't something that we even was possible. But i also think it is just a reminder that we can really do damage to ourselves when we do not take a moment to
The Art of Love
"Hi dr de martini. Thank you so much for joining us on the show today. Well thank you for having me today. We're gonna talk about the art of love and how we can find love and a fulfilling relationship and you chose for our topic to to call it the are of love so we thought we could start with having you tell us how you think about love in why it is an art. Well i'm sure that many of the people that might be listening have learned the difference hopefully by now between fantasies and real love you know. Many people have a dopamine amid lead driven infatuation with a fantasy kind of serotonin and dopamine drive and create a fantasy about an individual is instead of actually getting to know who the real individual is and loving that whole individual and their fantasies can lead to the counter-balancing nightmares with false expectations. But i like to find. Define love is embracing of of the supportive and challenging components of an individual. People want to be loved for their wholeness. Not for just half nece. And i'd like to think of the art of love is the art of recognizing both sides expecting both sides Because each individual has a set of priorities are set of values live their life by whatever is most important to them. The life revolves around and their identity revolves around. And if you do things that in their perceptions support that they're going to be very nice and kind and open. If you do things that challenge it they're going to be playing the opposite side. There can be some time kolding and more clinically. You know. sometimes. I mean even and if you embrace both sides know that to give feedback on how to effectively and respectfully communicate what you value in terms of what they value learn. The art of love part of love is is the embracing of both sides of ourselves and others in the pursuit of what's deeply meaningful. Both to both people.
Is Laziness Real?
"Susan kemp has this task. Do you think laziness is really a thing. She writes for the last year. I've been debating of laziness is real or just some concept we created in order to. I don't know protestant guilt trip ourselves doing things. I like. susan already say that someone doesn't do their homework. Maybe they have an undiagnosed sleep disorder or are chronically sleep deprived and that's why they can't focus maybe their diet is off so they're tire. Maybe they're just tired because school starts at seven thirty. Am and science says. That is stupid. Actually i think science says that early school start is bad for some people but not others are different krona types yes well. In general though adolescents tend to be later risers so the science would say that starting school for most high school students at seven. Thirty is dumb okay. So she's right on that. I'm wrong in that she continues. Maybe they live in a poor socioeconomic situation where there's either a lot of noise at home or not a stable place to work etc. Maybe they're peers. Don't value education even if they opt for video games isn't that more lake dopamine zero Rather than pure laziness. So i thought i would ask. She writes and i find this to be an amazingly interesting question. What's the answer. I love his incomes question. I think that it depends on what you mean by laziness if she is asking. Dui laziness is really a thing or a protestant guilt trip. Who's no way you're gonna say that laziness isn't real. You're the grit lady. Well when you call somebody lazy what do you think we really mean. I think it means that we don't think they're eager to put in the work. What we observe is they're not working and we are inferring. Were assuming that they don't want to put in the work. And then she's listing all these other reasons that could account for the scene behavior. Maybe they can't put in the work. Maybe circumstances are conspiring against them. There's a judgment that we're passing on someone when we call them lazy. That is about their motivation.
Jared Graybeal: Self-Care to Before You Burnout
"Start about how this all came together. I mean you've written this book about focusing on growth and best practices to help yourself come stay focused on growth of course but primarily focused on growth while at the same time avoiding mental burnout. Which right now. I think is a great thing to be talking about. Because a lot of people because of the covid nineteen pandemic just being stuck indoors a lot more partial quarantines uncertainty about going outside and being able to interact with other people are going through these cycles of sort of highs and lows and then hitting plateaus in terms of mental burnout. So let's start with that. How did you come up with the idea for the self help. Oh so basically. I was inspired about three years ago to lead a group at church that i used to attend In a pastor at the time win me to start a group around biblical leadership and entrepreneurship. And i started teaching. Something called taming. The line which is a four part series now decided. I wanted to write a book called taming the lion. The problem was i'm i would never consider myself to be a high level rider. I got average grades throughout like english class in literature in high school and college and so that just became like a self fulfilling prophecy of thinking that i'm not a good writer so with that being said i spent a year on trying to write this book and i guess you could say i got writer's block however one of my good friends a long time ago inspired me to start writing blogs which is much less of a responsibility than like writing a book And you don't have to think that you're a great writer to write a blog at three hundred words or five hundred words thousand works and so i started writing this blog just because of a regular cadence of writing one every month or two. It was called five ways to never stop growing in. This blog ended up being. Don't remember eight thousand words or something which is way longer than my normal blog In normally what i do is i'll write a blog and record it onto my podcast in like ten fifteen minutes this would have been like forty five minutes away too long for a typical structure and i thought about it. It was what. I thought to be a great blog but it was way too long and i thought you know i left a lot out. I could revisit this teaching expand on it may be true three times longer in publishing as a bump to get some experience publishing a book so that we could revisit the original idea. And that's what i did in so it was a lot easier to tackle the idea of writing a book whenever you already sort of created the manuscript as a blonde format way less of a commitment. And so that's what i did and i just revisited. Each thing and i created an intro and in altro whatever conclusion and pursue publishing agency in did all the steps to get where we are now. Yeah that's really cool. and so. How did you overcome sort of that initial imposter syndrome to begin with because you hit writer's block you're already convincing yourself going into it that you're not really a great writer and i know that the the blog helps and impart the podcast has been the same for me right. I kind of wanted to develop more content for myself. Now i'm an attorney fulltime. That's sort of my that is my full-time gig and so writing was more writing was not what i want so i thought to myself you know how. How can i get more content out and obviously you could. Do you know instagram. Or linked in stories or record yourself in post those videos as a sort of log series instead or something along. Those lines develop a youtube channel. There are multiple avenues in the blog. Was that for you but in your story there you talk about how that first year you hit a lot of writer's block. How did you overcome that and get yourself back on track. It's all by getting the reps in. I'm not a person that thinks. I'm particularly great at a lot of things but i do aspire to be and so i know the the practical approach to that is just to keep trying in the best way for me is to keep for example. If i wanted to write a book. I need to write a bunch of blogs. Because if i can't think through finishing this big hairy audacious goal. I can at least commit to a five hundred word blog from time to time and honestly from me. What helps me. Because i never thought myself and i still don't really consider myself to be a great writer but i know that i'm a relatively good teacher in speaker and so a lot of times when i'm inspired to speak on something naturally Why have to put an outline together. So i can speak on this topic in it ends up being a blog so i sort of immersed engineer that thought process of like why know that. I'm pretty good at speaking of teaching. What in order to get there. I need to write an outline. Let me ride outline for a teaching and then that thought process becomes way easier than like. I need to write a blog this month. Should i ride on. It's really more or less would want wanna teach on. And then how do i write an outline for that in building with you know the content necessary so for me. That's it. I just find a half on like how can i don't particularly like riding. But i love the outcome. I love to teach. I love to encourage empower others to live happier healthier lives and so in order to do that. You need you need content is the key. So that's how i approach it. Yeah and i like the way that you put that that you you know that that sort of a weakness for you but you do like the the dopamine that you get from the end result so you can have reverse engineered to how to make it work for yourself and that you like to talk and that got me to thinking when you were talking just now that in a lot of ways that's also another thing that you could do certainly is just record yourself with your phone for example and then take that recording and sort of transcribe it and clean it up and that's already done some of the writing for you really really cool interesting so without giving away your secret sauce because we do want people to go. Check out your book on amazon. Obviously that's part of the reason that you publish the begin. With of course but sorta at a high level without giving away the secret sauce. What can people expect from the book. And what types of best practices are you. Providing people s in the book has been described by multiple people that have left reviews and stuff That it's basically add to do this on how to be a better person and that's perfect for me now. Being unquote better person is totally relative. But again like in the broad general sense of the phrase. that's what i wanted it to be The book's title is the self help book six practical ways to never stop growing. I'm extremely practical person almost to a fault. So this book will give you A lot of thought provoking questions. But then it'll give you practical approaches to overcoming some of the obstacles in your lie and of course the six things confidence competence clarity commitment connections and character right and so i believe that in every season or chapter page of the book of life that you're living in you can grow in one of these areas if not more. It's not all right now. Committing to grow in. All of them is a again. Another big hairy audacious goal may be too big of a task to try to conquer away but even for me. Since i wrote the book picked it back up three or four times. Read through a specific right. If i'm going to be traveling. I'm going to revisit. The connections chapter in brush up on my skills with meeting people in all the creative ways to do that. If i'm having a hard time at work. And i think maybe my leadership ability is is we come to revisit the character thing say it mirrors in my team right and so the book has these steps In these different approaches based off of tried and true principles psychology in my personal experience In the again it's like is less than one hundred pages. You could sit down and read it in two hours. Because i wanted it to be a tool and not another task.
How Big Food Controls Our Food Cravings
"Yesterday was national potato chip day. But there's no show on sundays. I'm bringing it up now and it's not like we need an extra excuse to eat potato chips anyways. In fact if author michael moss's research is correct. We really don't need any excuse at all. Potato chips are one of the most addictive foods on earth. Moss is the prize winning author of salt sugar fat. How the food giants hooked us and his new book similarly titled hooked food free will and how the food giants exploit our addictions. It's a sequel of sorts focusing in on the ways. The food giants manipulate the foods they make and our psyches to get as buying more in a review of the new book. The new york times compares potato chips to walnuts inviting you to imagine putting a fresh bowl of each out on the table in front of you trying the walnut i and taking in its many flavors and then the potato chip which is lacking in the complexity of flavor but so crispy and salty making you want to eat more and more of them in a way you rarely would with walnuts and not that this should be a measure of nutrition but walnuts actually have twenty five percent more fat per ounce than the average potato chip so if that was the only metric that you cared about eating the same amount of walnuts as potato chips would result in more fat gained from the walnuts bullet apart from the fact that walnuts have all kinds of other health benefits. Why don't they get a bad rap like potato chips. Because no one eats walnuts in the same quantities as potato chips or if they do they're not doing so for the same reasons that someone eats potato chip after potato chip. I mean no one ever said once you pop the fun. Don't stop about walnuts. Quoting the new york times says describes how foods can be engineered to trigger the brains on switch mostly the neurotransmitter dopamine and inhibit. Its off switch. A region called the prefrontal cortex these switches in the instincts that turn them on and off have deep evolutionary origins that likely helped our ancestors survive and thrive when food was scarce and wow are the hard wired instincts to eat these foods powerful more so than those that push toward addictive drugs like heroin and nicotine even seen the pictures of certain foods can cause us to salivate. In unforgettable language moss describes how less than a second after you bite into a luscious chocolate or glazed donut flavor sensations derived from a combination of sugar and fat as well as other smells and tastes. Hate your brain. Interact with memories and release a flood of neurotransmitters that stimulate and perpetuate fundamental cravings. It sometimes said that for some of us sugar as addictive as cocaine but from an evolutionary biological perspective cocaine is actually as addictive as sugar because it takes advantage of ancient mechanisms we inherited from our distant ancestors that helps them acquire rare but needed calories to stay healthy in our current modern food system consumers have to overcome instincts and make choices over which we have little control and quotes and that memory thing is huge. It's what drives a lot of seasonal tastes purchasing power. Like i mentioned last fall with regards to pumpkin spice and how it's a uniquely american phenomenon in part due to are manufactured nostalgia for thanksgiving pumpkin pie the dates back to the nineteenth century and has been multiplying on top of itself ever since quoting again multinational food companies in gastro orwellian fashion hook us by expertly tapping into our memories. Introducing endless new varieties and combining sensations and ingredients rarely seen together in nature like sugar and fat brittle and soft sweet and salty. None of us are immune. According to moss big food is relentlessly and cynically to maximize their share of the stomach industry parlance for how much of the food we eat. They can supply beyond hunting for genes. That predispose us to particular cravings or quantifying. Sugar our brains prefer these corporate peddlers perniciously play with serving sizes on nutrition labels to deceive us into thinking. We're making healthy choices and quotes. None of this is exactly news. But it's not exactly comforting to be reminded of either. We like to think we can make our own decisions when it comes to our personal health and nutrition but how many decisions are being made for us long before those bags of chips arrive on the grocery store shelf for us to choose from
What To Do When a Patient Feels Worse on an Antidepressant
"When a patient says they feel worse on an antidepressant. The first thing to do is to rule out physical side effects like nausea fatigue and insomnia one to pay attention to is academia as patients might have difficulty describing this inner sense of restlessness which is more often associated with anti psychotics but academia can occur on antidepressants as well particularly serota. Energetic ones and agatha can cause anxiety insomnia even suicide -ality so it might be the reason that they're mood is worse on an antidepressant dot in how concert energetic antidepressants calls academia. I thought it was caused. By dopamine blockade it is thought that the inhibitory effects of serotonin have indirect effects on the dopamine system and that it can lead to dopamine antagonism there in the stratum another side effect. that's related to academia. You might see on sarah. Synergetic antidepressants is restless. Legs syndrome which is almost like academia night. If that happens you could add gabba. Penton or pramod. Pack saul both of which treat restless legs in academia and both of which have psychiatric benefits gabba. Penton helps sleep an anxiety and promo pack saul helps depression but another option would be the switch to be appropriate wellbutrin in a randomized controlled. Trial bupropion treated restless leg syndrome. Even when it was dosed in the morning perhaps through its dopaminergic
What To Do When a Patient Gets Worse on an Antidepressant
"When a patient says they feel worse on an antidepressant. The first thing to do is to rule out physical side effects like nausea fatigue and insomnia one to pay attention to is academia as patients might have difficulty describing this inner sense of restlessness which is more often associated with anti psychotics but academia can occur on antidepressants as well particularly serota. Energetic ones and agatha can cause anxiety insomnia even suicide -ality so it might be the reason that they're mood is worse on an antidepressant dot in how concert energetic antidepressants calls academia. I thought it was caused. By dopamine blockade it is thought that the inhibitory effects of serotonin have indirect effects on the dopamine system and that it can lead to dopamine antagonism there in the stratum another side effect. that's related to academia. You might see on sarah. Synergetic antidepressants is restless. Legs syndrome which is almost like academia night. If that happens you could add gabba. Penton or pramod. Pack saul both of which treat restless legs in academia and both of which have psychiatric benefits gabba. Penton helps sleep an anxiety and promo pack saul helps depression but another option would be the switch to be appropriate wellbutrin in a randomized controlled. Trial bupropion treated restless leg syndrome. Even when it was dosed in the morning perhaps
Can You Be Addicted to Love?
"Nicotine. Chocolate alcohol opioids work gambling. Sex food you might as well face it. Life is basically a gauntlet of substances and behaviors. That humans can become obsessed with and dependent on. But what about love not just sex but the deep interpersonal attachment we call love can be addictive. The notion of obsessive all consuming and even addictive love goes back literally thousands of years the ancient greek poet. Sappho wrote about watching her lover mary. Someone else and she describes being seized trembling drenched in cold sweat and feeling nearly dead she might as well be describing opium withdrawals or singing aversive addicted to love romantic. Love does have a lot of external features in common with drug addiction initial feelings of bliss and euphoria and obsessive fixated behavior often leading to poor potentially life ruining decisions. Two thousand ten paper from the new york academy of sciences points out that common criteria for diagnosing dependence include life interference tolerance withdrawal and repeated attempts to quit. Sound anything. like your relationship with your ex if so you're certainly not alone. But is there any more measurable basis for thinking. Love can be considered an addiction in the brain. Actually yes. let's talk brain imaging one way. That addiction hijacks the human brain is by taking advantage of a million reward and motivation systems. Like the mess olympic dopamine system which includes the ventral tag mental area and the nucleus accumbens. This is part of the nervous system that gives us internal rewards when we do something with an evolutionary benefits like eating or having sex essentially how the brain tells itself. Hey what you just did do that again. And again and again whether it's eating nutritious meal or unfortunately snorting cocaine back in two thousand five. A study in the journal of neurophysiologist used fm. Are i look at the brains of test subjects. Who self reported that they were intensely in love with someone else. When these lovebirds were showing pictures of the people. They adored there was activation in sections at that. Same mammalian reward and motivation system for example the right ventral mental area. But that's not all a follow up study in two thousand ten looked at what happened to the brains of men and women who had been rejected but reported that they were still deeply in love. It wasn't pretty when heartbroken. Lovers were forced to look at pictures of their exes. There was elevated activity in our old friends. The ventral take mental area and the nucleus accumbens researchers pointed out that the rejected lovers showed several neural correlates in common with the brain activity of cocaine addicts craving their drug so at the level of brain chemistry. Romantic love can be kind of like substance addiction but there are reasons why you might not want to refer to your latest crush as a full on addiction just yet. For example the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders does not officially recognize love addiction and while cravings for love can be devastating when their unrequited or self destructive they can also be deeply fulfilling in a way that no drug habit ever could be.
The Top 15 Little-Known Secrets On How To Improve Your Focus
"If you don't know who i am. I am a author journalist and founder and executive director of the flow research collective. We study peak human performance where research a training organization on the research side. We work with scientists at ucla at stanford companies like deloitte energetics. Like that on the training side we work with everyday from the us special forces through executives in fortune. Five hundred companies essentially google etc microsoft. All the way up to the general public and focus on is kikkoman performance. What does it take to be your best when it matters. Most what does it take to level up your game like never before and most of my career has been spent studying peak performers. What i thought i was going to do today. Vision asked me to speak a little about my work on flow. Which will get to some of. You might be familiar with and a little bit about focus. And what i thought i would do is talk about fifteen things that peak performers know about focus and attention or routinely do surrounding focus attention and flow that most of us miss and this is something that is fairly common that i've noticed over peak performance. Meaning if you want to train people up in flow for example take repeat performers and regular people. Everybody can learn the flow stuff that works fine but afterwards peak performance can sustain it and most everybody else drop back towards baseline over time and a lot of that is peak performers to a lot of stuff through unconsciously along the way a lot of focus that the rest of us missed. So i thought i would talk about these things. We're going to start out with more general ideas about peak performance and get very very focused on focus as we move along so i wanna start with a really obvious statement but you see it very very consistently in all people formats which is a realization. That life is never going to be anything more or less than what you choose to make it. I like to talk about this. And i like to say there are only a couple things. We know absolutely for sure that we absolutely certain about the first is that we get one shot at this life. We know that for sure. Maybe we'll get more. Maybe we don't. We know for sure that we got one shot at this life. We also know we're going to spend about a third of it asleep. Which tells us that the only real question is what we do with the remaining two-thirds right. That's the only question that matters. And what p performers had figured out is that there's no magic pill nothing spectacular is ever gonna happen from them. I was just talking to andrew. Ubuntu neuroscientist at stanford and we do a lot of work with and heap says ever people former learn the same lesson. It is always crawl walk. Run there's no shortcuts. there's no way to get faster. You were going to crawl. Then you're going to walk then you're going to run over and over and over again. This brings us to the second thing which is building on the first. there are no shortcuts. There are no hacks in fact when we talk about p. performance after twenty five years of studying the neurobiology the science what goes on in the brain and the body when people perform their best can tell you. There are no shortcuts. There is quite simply getting your biology to work for you rather than against you. That is everything we mean by peak performance a different way. We sort of talk about this at the floor. Research collective as we like to say personality doesn't scale biology scales in other words. If you're in a looking through the kind of self improvement space at any level if somebody is trying to teach you what worked for them. They figured something out. This works may let me teach it to you. It's going to work for you. They're light they're absolutely lying. In fact that's a really great way to rue lives. I can guarantee one of the other truce peak performance. We don't like to say out loud is what works for me is almost guaranteed not to work for you. Personality doesn't scale why there are foundational things that have a lot to do with p. performance where you are on the introversion extroversion scale for example. How active are your dopamine receptors. Things like that. They are genetically coded for and laid down environmentally in. A lot of them are locked up before we ever become adults.
Will Cancel Culture Come for Us All?
"You heard representative. Jim jordan of ohio. Say this week as the house debated whether to impeach the president many of these republicans are calling it cancel culture. This has been a controversial topic. But we're going to dive in quality assurance where we take a second look at a big tech story in the news. Last march futurist. Amy webb predicted that cancel culture and the backlash to it would become an even bigger deal in the year ahead said now that's proving true in more ways than she even expected in the aftermath of the attack on the capital. Eric trump Very publicly proclaimed that his family. You know we're being cancelled and it's interesting to see the push pull the tension between those seeking to cancel others. Those complaining that they themselves have been canceled. You know this is one of these situations where the technology enabling all of this is both megaphone and also the infrastructure and also the stop button so the question really is. Who's the ultimate arbiter. What are the rules. They're becoming less and less clear. How do we tease apart. The arguments about cancel culture that are kind of specious and the real behavior. That is behind it right. So here's the predicament. There's a sort of glomming on when you feel like you agree with somebody. The instruments of technology of made that really easy i mean. Let's think back a few months ago when everybody was posting a black square on their instagram accounts. Away of signaling. Their discontent corporations were doing that too. That has translated to real world. Cancellations i mean we have started to see corporate denials of service ranging from aws kicking parlor off to facebook and twitter and more recently youtube silencing. Donald trump's accounts and that for some has social consequences but for other that has real world business consequences. And we're in the situation where we are both inventing the rules and playing the game at the same time. is there confusion. Do you think because there are many people who say particularly. Let's say like on black twitter that there was never a mechanism to address problems. Before and that you know what came to be seen as cancel. Culture was really almost like collective bargaining happening on twitter. It was a whole bunch of people who could like you said express the same opinion and get a result when they never could have before well. The lifeblood of cancel culture is dopamine right. It's the hit that we get from. Feeling like we're a part of a movement and you can see that visualized in metrics. There are some easy fixes to this. We're not gonna fix our culture overnight. The actual problems that we are having we can totally address the mechanisms that are helping to fan the flames twitter could take away metrics so the general public no longer sees the number of times something has been re tweeted or liked maybe you as the original poster could see that but others cannot. That's one way to reduce that dopamine head to reduce the sensation that we are feeling the sense of urgency. 'cause urgency is also part of cancel culture and the same could happen on facebook. There are addressable problems here. you know. There's an argument to be made. That cancelling cancel culture gives rise to additional cancel culture right. it's it becomes as vicious cycle. I mean that's what we're seeing right now with eric trump and the remarks that he's making about cancel culture and and specifically with regard to his dad. You know. i think that's where some of the resentment comes in. I do think that around the time of the metoo movement what has come to be called cancel. Culture right was an exercise in power by people who traditionally have not had power and that that was part of the democratizing effective social media that a lot of people could say the same thing all at once about a misbehaving man or white supremacy and get a result. And that's the tricky. That's the tricky side of us right. Because arguably the net effect of that movement did real good in society and so cancelling the mechanisms that would have led to. That may not be the best for our longer terms but the flip side is that we wind up in the situation that we're in now and if you stop for a moment and think about the words. The semantics cancel culture is alliterative. It's easy to remember. It's an active verb and it itself is conceptually easy for people to understand whereas dachshund or something else may not be right. 'cause cancel culture was a more positive reframing in some ways of targeted harassment which i think we have to be honest about. That has been the mechanism of the far-right online. And you know it's like cancel. Culture was the leftist rebrand That's you know. I hadn't thought about that before but you're absolutely right and i think that that is some of the that is currently being made by those on the far right which is that they themselves now are being targeted and harassed and listen. I'm a target of some of that. Hate and as much as it pains me to say this. They do have a point. Cancel culture impacts them through targeted attacks the same way that they are targeting others. The solution to all of this would be for somebody to come out to the playground. Blow the whistle and tell us all to settle down. We're going to get detention by that. I mean leadership which we have had very little of over the past few years.
The Importance of No by Chris Lovett
"So how do we get better at saying. No a no for me is providing a challenge is an opportunity for negotiation is a moment in time to make a decision to choose. A course of action is also an opportunity to hold the mirror up quote. Hold up your shield of no. Because he can't kill everything with your sword of yes kenney win turn fomo into jomo. The fear of missing out is such a poll that we can agree to all sorts of things cover for this person. Go to this thing. Help our this men lead on that internal alarm bells ring out and we present excuses not to say no. I have to attend that meeting because someone else will be there. What would so-and-so think. If i put my name forward people will think i don't care i feel guilty for not helping the list goes on. There's a lot of social pressure connected with fomo as the perceived sense of duty and obligation to do things like answer emails at ridiculous times. Our desire to get ahead mixed with social media diction has ended up growing the emotionally intelligent antidote the joy of missing out a pretty new concept originally related to oppose the scrolling on our phones and need to fit in comparing what we have with others on regular basis being okay with not everything being everywhere or seeing everyone grants you the ability to be more present and understanding of your own capacity. Jomo helps to phase out the should 's and become more intentional with our time it allows us to focus where we are needed on the most important things and as a byproduct the less time spent being anxious or competitive gives us back our energy. Can i go away and think about. It is not to no snotty. Yes it's a bit of time for you to weigh up everything else. You've already got to do and decide whether it is important enough to include this. Bit of reflection is super powerful and provides some clarity around the consequences of another. Yes how much time with this new thing take. Who else could do it instead. Does it really need to be done right now or can await ask them to reprioritize. Some bosses don't really know the intricacies of the tasks that are going on in. The team is not their job to know all the ins and outs but it is their job to make sure you have everything you need to be successful. It's their job to help you move obstacles out of the way so you can flourish but it is also your job to tell them about all the obstacles. They're not mind readers if he get another request from your boss to do something and you are already at capacity. Tell them and then ask them. What their priority is now. Because if you take on this new thing one of the older things are working on clearly not as important anymore. Empower others to become self sufficient. Have people become relying on you without me knowing it. Are they calling you before trying to figure things out for themselves or you rescuing others because you feel you need. Do we love to help. And we love to be part of a community were social creatures that want to nurture and put others first giving advice and getting hooked on always being the one to rescue can be an occupational hazard helping behaviors can trigger dopamine. Serotonin oxycontin on neurochemical cocktail. That makes us feel good while seeing people flourish and feeling satisfied that we have provided. Advice is our goal. It's only momentarily gratifying. Defects of you always helping. And yes ing. Everywhere can cause severe long-term damaged in we may not even see one person's inability to say no can bring the whole team or organization crashing down. Sometimes we just can't help but wanna fix everything for people. The problem now is that there are too many things going on in our working part time. The circus with all the juggling and plate spinning you sign up for tasks become a burden and so do other people your over promising and under delivering and relationships. He works so hard to build or falling away. If the relationship is strong the party receiving the no will understand. Be empathetic to your mounting commitments. And help you by giving you the space you need. We believe others will judge us more harshly than they actually do. The majority of people are so caught up in their own world with their mounting of things that they would probably forgotten about your answer and move on to something else so my challenge for you now is to have courage to be brave and go. She just one thing
Pleasure, Happiness and The Chemicals That Create Them.
"How y'all it's lynn from trillion with georgia and my little community is doing rain. Lots of buildings going up but it is chimney down here and cloudy. I can use me some sun. Hopefully you all are doing well and stain at least trying to stay healthy and getting ready for the best christmas that we can have during a pandemic for today's podcast as always it's coming from a place of curiosity about some posts i've been seen lately. I think this is how it goes on social media that you know these posts get passed around and shared and they're wonderful oftentimes Yeah probably a little bit of a perfectionist. Here they're missing some information. That's really valuable to connect things. I know i know i like to. I'd like to get deep. I know it's really frustrating. For some people but that is just as just me the have been about. Pleasure and happiness and including some that breakdown. Dopamine versus serotonin dopamine being attributed to pleasure and serotonin connected to happiness while these things are true. I'm gonna talk today about some of the details. The facts mini the difference between pleasure and that elusive happiness. Let's start with some basics. Dopamine and serotonin are both neuro transmitters fancy name for chemical messengers that transmit signals between cells and these things these transmissions regulate our body functions like mood sleep digestion and many many more things it's confusing because dopamine and serotonin can have similar effects on the body but they work differently. So let's dig a little deeper. There dopamine is stored in the brain and released into the bloodstream. When you experience pleasurable sensations like into music or eating something you enjoy. Dopamine plays a major role in your body's which by the way is your brain and in essence than your mind dopamine plays major role in your body's motivation and its reward system inciting positive mood feelings of productivity and heightened motivation. Now remember those three things positive mood. Feelings of productivity and heightened motivation. You've likely felt the effects of dopamine after accomplishing a difficult task or reaching a goal or reaching multiple goals while it does not precipitate the pleasure experience dopamine does serve to reinforce the pleasurable experience and dr christine stover. A licensed psychologist came up with this example. If you buy a lottery ticket on a whim you will not feel immediate sense of reward. However if you end up winning the lottery you're going to experience a rush of dopamine reinforcing the likelihood that you'll buy another ticket to experience the same thrill because dopamine is related to the reward system and reinforces these pleasurable experiences. It's thought to play a role in the addictive process including gambling and sex and all of these other behaviors that we use in order to get us. Some pleasure importantly dopamine also affects memory cognition. That's how we think sleep. Attention and ability to learn. Insufficient levels of dopamine are related to depression. Serotonin plays a role in how we process our emotions. How we feel about things. Serotonin is released into the bloodstream. After such things as exercising or being outside
Dmitri Dolgov: Waymo and the Future of Self-Driving Cars
"When did you first fall in love with robotics or even computer science more general computer science. I at a fairly young age. Robotics happened much later. I think my first interesting introduction to computers was in the late eighty s When we got our first computer. I think it was an an. Ibm i think ibm at. Remember those things that had like a turbo button in the frontier precedent. You'll make make the thing goes faster. Did they already have floppy disks. Yeah the the the five point four inch once. I think there's a bigger inch so good when something than five inches and three inches. I that was five. Maybe before that was the giant plates than it didn't get that but it was definitely not the not the three inch ones anyway so that you know we got that computer. I spent the first Few months just know playing video games as you would expect. I got bored of that So i started messing around and trying to figure out how to make the thing. Do other stuff got into Exploring programming and a couple of years later. It got to a point where i actually wrote a game. A lot of games and game developer japanese developer actually offered to buy it from me for a few hundred bucks. But you know for for a kid in russia. The big deal. It's a big deal. Yeah i do not think the deal well integrity. Yeah i instead Pity use those not the most acute financial move that i made my life looking back at it now. I i the reason i put it online. was what would you call. It was freeware. think right. it was not open source. But you could upload the binary that would put the game online idea was that people like it and then they you know contributing to send you a little donations rate so quick math of forcing them thousands and millions of people are gonna play my game couple of bucks a piece. You know definitely do that as i said not. Not the best way to raise about business models remember. What language was programming that was scale which what pascal pasco and had a graphical component did text based. It was like I think there are three hundred twenty by two hundred whatever it was. I think the early resume resume. And i actually think the reason why this company wanted to buy does not like the fancy graphics or the limitation. Those maybe the idea Of actual game but the idea the campaign one of the things i. It's so funny. I used to play this game. Called golden axe and the simplicity of the graphics and something about simplicity of music. Like it's still haunts me. I don't know if that's a childhood thing. I don't know if that's the same thing for call of duty these days for young kids but i still think that the games are simple. That simple purity makes four allows your imagination takeover and thereby creating a more magical experience like now with better graphics. It feels like your imagination doesn't get to Create worlds which is kind of interesting I it could be just an old man approach waving kids these days. That have no respect. But i still think that graphics almost get in the way of the experience i dunno flippered letter. I don't know the case closed. I don't yet but that that's more games at up like it's more like tetris. World where they optimally masterfully create a fun short term dopamine experience versus a more referring to like role playing games. Where there's like a story you can live in it for months or years. like There's an elder scrolls series which is probably my favorite settled games thousand magical experience that the graphics terrible the characters were all randomly generated It pulls you in. There's a story. It's like an interactive version of an elder scrolls. Tolkien world
"dopamine" Discussed on Pick the Brain
"We live in a world that is designed to stimulate emotions. Every advertisement food product and social media post is geared to give us a short rush of pleasure which is followed by an emptiness and a craving for more. Big Companies are able to leverage out cravings and make trillions of dollars off of keeping US addicted. If you don't have a plan for yourself, you will bid the Messi of companies who will play on your impulses to control you like a puppet. You will sacrifice your free will searching for happiness in amazed designed to keep you lost studies show that on average people use their smartphones for about three hours per day. That's one thousand and ninety hours every single year. Thankfully they is a way to regain control of your impulses and take your power back through a practice cold dopamine fostering what's that? You say, well, fest, we need an understanding of dopamine. Dopamine is a brain chemical associated wanting according to Loretta burning off of habits of a happy brain dopamine is triggered by new rewards. That's why the I lick of an ice cream kind is heaven ten looks later your attention wanders. He's not thinking about the next thing on your agenda and the next you still love the ice cream, but you don't feel as. Much because your brain doesn't see as new information, your brain is already looking for the next great way to meet your needs however with video games, porn sites, and social media. Your brain always has the next thing to be excited about because they are engineered to trigger constant dopamine release I'm sure you're familiar with the feeling of wanting to make the day productive. To look up at the end of the day and realize spent four hours mindlessly scrolling through instagram and checking notifications you waste time feel bad about yourself and things that used to excite you know long excite you like they used to. That's where dopamine fasting comes in. Dopamine fasting is the idea that if you avoid dopamine stimulating activities for extended periods of time, you'll be to reset your brain and let go of addictive behaviors that negatively impact your life. It's commonly misunderstood as reducing dopamine, but that's not true. Dopamine is necessary to function as a healthy human being. Dopamine fostering exploded in interest in October twenty eighteen and gained even more interest a year later after Dr Cameron CEPA published an article on medium titled The definitive guide to dopamine fasting to point the hot Silicon Valley Trent. Mean fostering two point out is better defined. It's based on cognitive behavioral therapy. It's about reducing impulsive behavior not reducing dopamine itself, and it doesn't encourage you to act like a full-on monk who abstains from all forms of pleasure. So. What does the Science Behind Dopamine Foster to point? Well as mentioned before, it's based on cognitive behavioral therapy or CVT. CBT is an evidence based practice and prescribed by thousands of professionals worldwide changing behavior. CBT's solutions based on stimulus control can help you reduce the probability of engaging in addictive behaviors. For example, when you'll find place SMS ring time, you pick up your fern and tap to open the message. The ring is a stimulus and opening the message is the behavior. Here, are two solutions number one, remove the stimulus by putting your finding another room or sabe notifications, or to engage in an activity that is not compatible with rating. Like swimming. Another solution is exposure and Response Prevention or. For example you say an attractive go on Instagram you feel your heart rate increase and your body tangle. So you run to your bedroom hop onto the sheets and masturbate into a deep sense of regret and West looseness in. By applying. You would frequently look attractive goes on Instagram but refrain from masturbating I know it's difficult but you can use a technique called urge surfing, which is essentially being mindful for a few minutes bring your attention to way you feel the urge body and simply be with. Describe what the sensations feel like. When you're done. Thank yourself and set your intention for what you will do next in your day. Will become easier over time and you likely Phyllis sense of accomplishment. Now. At this point, you might be wondering does dopamine fasting really wet to manage addictions? If by duck main fasting, you mean reducing a dopamine levels. The answer is no. But if you mean doug main fostering tape were based on cbt like we just learned then yes. An analysis of one hundred and six studies concluded that in general, the evidence base of cvt is very strong. But how does mean fasting restore your motivation Well shop or prolonged increases in main levels can reduce the amount of dopamine receptors in your brain. Dopamine fasting may help increase the of receptors you have through a process code breaking. The more dopamine receptors, you have the less stimuli it will take to achieve the same amount of pleasure. If you don't eat processed sugar for a month, a single blueberry could give you the same amount of pleasure as your favorite ice. Cream. So. How do you diaper main fast? This two steps in step one, identify the behaviors that are causing you distress in payment or addictiveness. Six impulsive behaviors are emotional, eating internet and gaming. Gambling shopping through and novelty seeking recreational drugs and porn and masturbation. Instead to follow a dopamine fasting schedule. For example, let's say you WanNa, reduce the amount of time you waste on your phone. You would refrain from using your find for one four hours every day one day per week. One weekend per quarter and one full week per year. Start Small and gradually increase the amount of time spent away from your fund. visit guidelines not concrete rules follow a faucet schedule that works for you. So now you know how to dopamine fast, but you may find it difficult to do keep watching because. Some tips that might make it easier for you to overcome your addictions and bad habits. So. Let's talk about routine and reward replacement. Imagine that you have a bad habit of going to the cafeteria to buy a coke every day. Every time you drink the Kirk you feel bad afterwards and end up gaining white. so you decide to do a dopamine fast instead of drinking a coke everyday you try to only drink coke. But you find this difficult according to Charles jigs book the power of habit he's what you can try instead. Number one identify the behavior. The behavior is the activity. In this example, it's getting up walking to the cafeteria vying coke and drinking. Next identified the reward craving. Craving drives a behavior and rewards of what satisfy the craving. So ask yourself why you tend to coca the cafeteria. Ice Thirsty do you want sugar high a moment to step away from your work? You desire social interaction at the Cafeteria Then experiment with four to five different rewards on one day, you might drink a bottle of water. If after fifteen minutes you'll craving has subsided, then it could be you've just been feszty about got into the bad habit of drinking a coke instead. Another day you might go for a walk and call a friend. If after fifteen minutes the craving has subsided, then it could be that you've just been craving social interaction after.
"dopamine" Discussed on The Nutrition Diva's Quick and Dirty Tips for Eating Well and Feeling Fabulous
"Hello and welcome to the nutrition diva podcast. I'm Monica Reindel. And today I'm talking with registered Dietitian Natalie Stevens a some really interesting new research that suggests how we can get more pleasure from the food that we eat and at the same time avoid overeating. Today's episode is supported by Holiday Inn club vacations the perfect spot for a family vacation or a group retreat. There are twenty-three Luxurious Various Holiday Inn club vacation resorts all across the United States. And they feature spacious villas with separate bedrooms fully equipped kitchens living rooms cried at Patios patios and balconies and select resorts offer premium signature collection villas with upgraded amenities. You'll find championship golf. Courses Sparkling pools this delicious restaurants and more for more information visit H. CV DOT vacations slash diva. That's H C. See the DOT vacations slash diva. Why are certain foods so easy to overeat some foods? We can enjoy a reasonable amount to feel satisfied but with other foods. It's like we're a bottomless pit. We just WANNA keep going. Even though we know overindulging will registered Dietitian nutritionist. Natalie Stevens joining me today to talk about some new research that she brought to my attention on how our brains and bodies respond to pleasurable certain foods and how we can avoid over eating without having to avoid foods that we enjoy. I'm so glad to have the podcast Natalie. Welcome thank you you for having me. This is an exciting thing to talk about. Who doesn't like talking about enjoying our food absolutely and this is a great time to have the conversation? We're the holiday season and there's so many opportunities to overindulge. It's really tempting to take one of two approaches. The first and probably the most common is to lit up which ends up being eating as much yummy food as you can and I mean why not. There are so many delicious foods. And you don't WanNa miss out but then there's the virtuous route that many of us also try where you limit yourself because you don't WanNa suffer the consequences you don't WanNa see the scale go up. You don't WanNa be uncomfortable and if you don't run out of willpower you're gonna be really proud of yourself. Ueno both of those strategies. have their drawbacks. If you if you decide to just abandon all restraint and lit up well you're probably going to have some damage to undo when it's all over but when we focus on limiting or restricting especially at a time like holidays it can create this sort of psychological Michael hunger that just builds up until we fall completely off the bandwagon. And then well we all know how that looks but what are we going to do here. Can we still win in what feels like sort of a lose lose scenario between being healthy and being happy the pleasure that we experience when we eat it's results results of dopamine and there's some research on how our bodies produce dopamine in response to eating and this is really optimistic you might assume assume the all the pleasure comes from taste because let's be honest that's what we get excited about. Our brains do produce dopamine when we taste food. Uh especially your sweet salty high fat foods but it isn't the only source of dopamine which means it isn't the only source of pleasure that we get from Eating there's a second dopamine release that's triggered when the food reaches our stomach and this one is more related to the nutritional value of food. Yeah that is so fascinating. I did think that the dopamine release was primarily just went. That food hits our taste buds so I was unaware of the second wave of dopamine and before we get into more details about the study. Let me just take a quick pause. Thank this week. Sponsors hellofresh is America's number one meal Kit delivering during easy seasonal recipes and premeasured ingredients right to your door. All you have to do is cook and enjoy. Each box includes everything you need to get an incredible incredible meal on the table and just about thirty minutes and there is something for everyone to family recipes calories smart options vegetarian and fun menu series series. It's super flexible. You can easily change your delivery day. Skip a week or add extra meals to your weekly order anytime. hellofresh puts a lot of variety into my diet. I make things that I otherwise wouldn't have thought to make like this Mediterranean couscous with chickpeas and Keeney and heirloom tomatoes was delicious. So break out of your dinner. rut With hellofresh as a nutrition diva listener. You can take advantage of an amazing offer this month. You get nine Neal's free just go to hellofresh DOT dot com slash diva nine and use that code diva nine that's D.. IV A and then the number nine no space there and you'll get nine free meals. That's hellofresh dot com slash d nine. We also receive support this week. From molecule molecule is re imagining the future of clean Air starting with the air. Purifier molecule destroys indoor air pollutants at a molecular level removing them from the air. That you breathe. The technology has been verified. Hi by science. But most importantly it's been tested by real. People Molecule has offered asthma and allergy sufferers around the country and all new experience. One customer even said that she was able to breathe through her nose for the first time in fifteen years and now molecule offers their breakthrough pico technology across a wide range of products. You can shoes the unit. That's best for your space. The molecule air is for big room. The molecule air mini for a smaller room or abundant for an air purification. Solution for your entire home for ten percent off your first order of an air purifier visit molecule dot com and enter diva ten at checkout. That's Komo L. E. K. U. L. E. DOT COM and. The CODE IS DIVA ten. So that research that Natalie shared with me was conducted at the Max Planck Institute and in this study subjects. Were given either a milkshake. Yummy or a nutritious but tasteless solution to drink and and then they used functional. MRI and pet scans to monitor the dopamine release in the brain and not surprisingly there was a big dopamine spike when the subjects. I tasted the milkshake and this dopamine was active in the reward centers of the brain. That's the part of the brain that tells you to eat more but then about about twenty minutes later. There was a second dopamine spike triggered by the stomach and this doubt dopamine was active in the higher cognitive areas of the brain. And that's what gives you that feeling of well-being satisfaction after a good meal when you're really just content to stop eating. Oh that's a good feeling to. Interestingly the bigger the first opening released was the smaller the second dopamine release was so the more immediate pleasure that you get from the taste is to food the less pleasure. You're going to experience after you eat so this begs the question. At the end of the day are we really getting more pleasure from satisfying langer cravings. Like we tell ourselves and I think the answer is no. Maybe this happy foods aren't making us as happy as we think. Yeah especially because eating unhealthy is associated with better mental health and less depression and improving. Your quality has been shown to improve depressive symptoms so maybe part of the trick is to pay more attention to how we feel after we eat definitely in overcoming my own addictive eating tendencies Practicing mindfulness I learn to Q.. In my stomach after eating that became my criteria for success. O.`Neil and I'm fascinated to see that there's biology behind why that works okay. Can you explain a little more about what you mean by. Chew into your stomach. What what sort of sensations are you paying attention to yeah it can be a bit tricky to recognize recognize the different signals? But the first one that I pay attention to is pressure this probably correlates with the literal fullness of your stomach. I think about eating a bag of potato chips how you can eat in eat. Never feel very full but then if you drink a big of water quickly you feel the pressure in your your stomach and then the other sensation I pay attention to is how heavy or light. I feel both during and after a meal and sometimes it only takes a few bites of something really rich for example for stomach to tell you you know. WHOA that's enough Heavy meals they they make you want to sit on the couch or take a nap right but then a light meal leaves energized ready to go do something. I aim for a moderate pressure with the light energetic feeling and also the whole time and eating I also focused on the flavors. I'm enjoying and I'm doing thoroughly so I don't swallow swallow big chunks of food okay focusing on the flavors that you're enjoying. That sounds a lot like mindful eating absolutely but many people use this term. Come to me being conscientious about health and I feel like that just ruins it. I'm eating it's not about worrying are analyzing which are eating. It's being aware of the experience. Nothing more nothing less and as you get into this experience of eating you're actually going to regain gained some of your skills. I you're going to learn to enjoy your food more while you're eating it and then second you're GonNa Begin to recognize is when you feel good and energized. What types of food? And how much help you feel that way. In other words mindful eating can help help us exploit the double dopamine effect. Yes exactly paying attention helps get plenty of pleasure tasting your food in moment while noticing when your stomach is saying maybe later I'm full and it might even say can I have another serving of vegetables uh-huh so as we said at the beginning foods that contain a lot of sugar and fat tend to trigger a really big initial dopamine release and that's why they're so compelling are mindless brain is just GonNa go for that quick hit that tastebuds dopamine but our mind full brain has the capacity to choose use that are gonNA deliver more pleasure from that second wave of dopamine that's triggered in the stomach yes now don't have the same intense cravings i. I feel so much better for hours after I eat. I eat for that double dopamine release. This is going to be our new motto or eating for the double dopamine right well consciously going for food that offer that double dopamine release can steer us towards healthier foods and also enhance our enjoyment of them. But come on Natalie. It's the holidays and there are a lot of extra temptations around so does this approach hopefully also make it easier to occasionally indulge in some of those special treats but without falling into that bottomless pit phenomenon where we just overindulge absolutely it does take a little bit of practice but this approach. It's helping US user. These are natural brake system when it comes to eating. That's really helpful this time of year and it gives you permission to put your down because you want got to feel.
"dopamine" Discussed on Speaking of Psychology
"Their. More more. Yeah. The answer is yes, you can increase your dopamine. But it's a dangerous thing to do. Okay. Because I read an article that said you can eat more protein exercise in sleep more isn't even true or good advice. Healthy lifestyle. But that seems a little simplistic you're saying, it's it's not as easy as that. You know, that might influence your dopamine tiny probably not enough to have an effect on you. Drugs like cocaine and not not good thing. Don't wanna do things. You don't want to. Okay. So, you know, people will take Fatemi, and it will make them work harder. The more excited. It will focus them in on being goal directed put eventually we'll also ruin their life. So artificially, boosting dopamine is not the best strategy for successful life and just to be technical for a minute. It doesn't actually increase the volume of dope. Made it increases the dopaminergic activity in across the cells. Right. Yes. That's it increases the amount of dopamine that's active at any given point in time. But that's basically by ferrying it from an inactive place to an app. Ryan, right. It's not an increase in the volume of dopamine. It's an increase in the actively associated open yard in the same way to antidepressant can work. There are some illnesses that are characterized by by problematically, low levels of dopamine, for example, attention deficit disorder, and in that case, it is appropriate to prescribe something like that Amine, which is the actively of dopamine, and that's. Very rid Riddell. All right, people abuse that as well to say folks goal oriented focused they do. Yeah. Parkinson's disease is also an illness too little dopamine, and we we prescribe built manure drugs to treat that too. And in our book, we mentioned how that that can be very effective for Parkinson's symptoms, but it can also get people into trouble. Yeah. That was an interesting you're talking about how can lead people to have a much higher interest in Saxon gay gambling Blance. That's case reports of people who have been completely absent from sex entire life. They're treated with these drugs, and all of a sudden they become compulsively sexual. There's also examples though of people developing artistic and poetic talent as result of getting these dopamine boosting drugs. This is probably something that studied in psychiatry a lot or you know in the medical field. It's a fan area of study. Yeah. That's absolutely fascinating. So can we control dopamine to us to our? Vantage and not to our payroll. The alternate question. You know, one of the oldest pieces of wisdom can be found at the Greek oracle of Delphi. And that is no they self if you know what's going on in your brain. You don't have to be a slave to it. You can say I'm experiencing cravings or I'm experiencing dissatisfaction. And maybe it's not because of the reality on living in maybe it's because of the way my brain is responding to reality. And that allows us to take step back. We call it the observing ego to sort of step back and look at how responding and say is this the best way to respond or do I want to maybe act contrary to my biology and make a different kind of decision. So I think that knowing and the able to recognize when you don't mean circuits active when you're here now circuits active, and is this really the way you want to behave. That's what's going to empower you. I'll add. Just this because that's right on the nose. If you're aware that there are two ways to anticipate to experience the world to an -ticipant it or to experience it and to learn which one is the troll point for you for most people probably most people listening to this podcast. It's going to be on the dopaminergic side dissipation. Yes, anticipation to, cultivate, your just experience where you are to put the fuss simple things like put the phone down during dinner, turn it off when you're talking to somebody look in their eyes and listen to what they say don't worry about what you're going to say next. Listen to be here. Now as the phrase goes, the simple awareness that this exists at all is a profound gift that you can give yourself and the irony is that when people do that they talk about how much they enjoy it. And yet they do it so little because dopamine circuits or saying don't waste your time. In the good news is this is a choice. Anyone can make. Yeah. And this is what spur seeing with this emphasis on mindfulness and people wanting to be here. Now, I think because we are living in a world. That's very dopamine Centric. Yeah. With constant instant gratification all the time. So that's where I imagine. This is me just Dettori Leising. But we're we're seeing this this boom and mindfulness. We really do have enough. We don't need a new cell phone bigger TV, we need to just experience we have and enjoy it. I do have one last question for you. Where can people find your book, you can go to molecule of more dot com to read more about it? You can get Amazon or anywhere such excellent books are sold. Absolutely. And in ten countries. I think by the end of twenty twenty and translate into new languages. Well, let's mazing. Thank you so much for joining us. This has been absolutely fascinating conversation. Educate. Lynn, it's been a pleasure. Thank you. If you've been a longtime listener or new to our podcast, please consider giving us rating in itunes, and if you have time write a review, we'd really appreciate it. Also, we like to hear from you directly. So if you have any questions comments or ideas to share, please Email me at K Luna at APS dot org. That's K L U N A at a p dot org. Speaking of psychology as part of AP podcast network, which includes the podcast AP journals dialogue about new psychological research and progress notes about the practice of psychology. You can find our podcast on itunes, Stitcher, or wherever you get your podcast. You can also visit our website. Speaking of psychology dot org to listen to more episodes and to see resources on the topics. We discuss I'm Caitlyn Luna with the American psychological association.
"dopamine" Discussed on Speaking of Psychology
"Trey. Unless you work for a company that trades. Brave. Interesting. But let's say you read it and all of a sudden you run across the name of somebody. You went to school with us involved in the negotiations. You're gonna get some dopamine. Yeah. I know that person. All right. Let's connected to the story. Exactly, let's say you keep reading and you were across your own name. You're getting big surge of dopamine. So dopamine response to things in the environment that your brain thinks is important to you. Now a schizophrenia we flipped the equation. You've you've got the dopamine circuit going off at inappropriate times. That's what that means. Is that you may see some thing. That's completely neutral. Your dopamine circuit goes off and you develop the mistaken belief that it's about you. You're watching TV and some radio or TV announcer is talking about some CIA spying program. All the sudden dopamine, circuit goes off for no reason felt the idea that the CIA is spying on you. I had a patient who was walking down the street, and he saw stop sign, and he felt the belief that his mother had put that there to tell them to stop thinking about women, and we call that paranoia. That's when you interpret things personally that. Actually have nothing to do with you. Yeah. So the way we treat it is by giving medications that blocked opening and. Nightly completely. And that's part of the art of giving these medications we wanna give just the right dose that the paranoia the delusions go away. But it doesn't take away all of the patients enjoyment and motivation in life. It can be a tricky thing to do. But no matter what a patient's life usually gets dramatically better when they start taking these medications, and you talking about an achievement with with dopamine, how it helps us push us to this next level. So what is the role of dopamine in making a successful? So I gonna talk about what how makes us successful. And also how can make us. Why cheat steal into all sorts of bad things. Can you know, commit an act of violence. So to get a sense of what it feels like to have dopamine, pushing you along versus trying to go forward without dopamine think about working on a project that you're incredibly excited about typically, it's going to be a project that involves some degree of creativity. I do a little bit of programming. I also love to make PowerPoint presentations on total nerd but do elaborate things. Cenex presentation, though, it's really captured your attention because boring. Be interesting, right. Working on that. And completely lose track. I'm excited. I'm happy. I'm fulfilled. That's dopamine pushing me along feels fantastic alternatively. I may be filling out some paperwork for insurance reimbursement. Yeah. Unless they're. Dopamine, and I've just got push my and I'm looking for any excuse to get away from check my Email. My voicemail messages dopamine makes feel really really good things. And that's why sometimes people tell young young people the most important things to find your passion. That's another word for the activity that stimulates dopamine. Okay. So that can be something like job or a hobby or immersion asked me where you're immersed in. Yes. Personally, meaningful doesn't matter. What it is. And it also can then dopamine can also push us to buy the act of cheating. You might also be hurting other people, correct? Yeah. It can do that. It can make us obsessed with our work and take us away from a personal life. And of course, a work life. Balance is very important and dopamine can ruin that balance. But it can also prevent us from getting satisfaction from what we're working for so hard. It's never enough. I I saw patient today who is an incredibly successful real estate developer. He has more money than he will ever be able to spend and through his life. He's achieved higher and higher and higher levels. But every time he takes his step. He starts comparing himself to the person at the higher level and his self esteem is terrible. I in spite of all of his achievements. Spite of having a wonderful family, he constantly sees himself as a failure. Because he's always looking for what he has not yet achieved. And that's a pathological behavior of dopamine understand too. That dopamine doesn't say what's the best way to achieve this goal in a moral way. Yeah. What's the best way to get there? And it falls to us and the in our development and use of the other neuro transmitters to say, this isn't good. If you're obsessed with winning anything goes, right, unless I mean to dopamine anything goes. Unless they're some measure of of activity on the other side. That's right. You know, there's two very different ways of looking at what's best. I bring the final touches on a paper that looks at the famous trolley problem from the point of view of dopamine. I really with. Explain it. Yeah. So here's a situation. There's a runaway trolley barreling down the tracks out of control five workers on the tracks. They can't escape for whatever reason, and they're all going to be killed. However, there's a sidetrack and on that sidetrack is one single worker and next to you is a switch you can pull that switch and what pulling the switch will do is divert the the train onto the sidetrack. So the question is is it ethically? Permissible to pull the switch to save five lives at the expense of one at the tough question while you don't wanna be that conductor on that show. Now, if you survey people about that about ninety percent of people are going to say that it's ethically. Permissible to pull the switch, and we call that a utilitarian approach ethics maximize future resources. It's very dopaminergic. It's better to save five lives at the expense of one. So this is a situation which dopamine determines ethical approach. But let me change the situation slightly. And what might change is going to do is? It's going to shift the neurotransmitters you're going to use to think about this problem. And it's going to change the way you view it. All right. So here's the other way trains going down the tracks five people on the tracks. But now instead of sidetrack your standing on a bridge next to another man, and you know, that if you push him onto the tracks his weight will slow down the train enough to stop it and save the lives of five. Workers. The question is is it ethically? Permissible to push that man onto the tracks. You survey people about this and ninety percent now say, no, it's not Athens permissible to do it. Now staying, but it's it's the same five to one I wanted to five and the differences that when you're looking at things from a distance, you tend to use your dopamine circuits when you look at things up close use you here and now circuits they follow a different ethical tradition. Not utilitarianism but harm version and Harverson says that it's wrong to hurt people, even if others will benefit from they're suffering utilitarianism says we should act to save lives. These are both very very valid ways of approaching a problem. But what's interesting is that depending on the location in three dimensional space. Our brain uses different circuits to process, the problem, and we come up with different solutions. Well, sounds very complex. It's hard to believe this is all happening in our Willett has rains profound implications for drone warfare. How do you program the machine if you're going to be Pierre-Louis utilitarian, the the answers easy? But then you have to deal with the aftermath. There was even a film about I'm sorry. I forget the name. We talk about it in the book. This really is I- problem today, and it has to be answered one way or the other. There's no middle ground here. I think with the film looked at was that they were going to kill some terrorists who were planning a plot. That was going right blow up a stadium. But in order to do that they were going to have to also kill an innocent child. Right. And the question was should we save the hundreds of lives in the stadium at the expense of intentionally murdering the innocent child, and it's an updated version of the trolley problem. And I think it's interesting to note that if you if you hear about it, or if you see it on a screen or if you're touching every. Level. That increases that here now participation makes the problem harder. So you think it'd be more difficult? If you're sitting somewhere remote lead conduct using a drone as opposed to being flying a plane easier easier easier to program the drone to say take out the terrorists and the children. Yeah. Then it would be if you were standing right there on location. Let's say with a gun, and you're told pull the trigger, but you've gotta shoot through the child to get the terrorist. In fact, the easiest of all is to program the drone to do it. Because there's nobody involved at all everything is hypothetical handsome pattern that you're you're dealing with not particulars. So the easiest of all is to program a drone to take the utilitarian answer because you don't have to feel anything when you write code. This may never be used. He's hope it never does very complicated. It's well are complicated. Complicated in a way. It's it's. Gut twisting Lee simple. Here's another simple question. How should self driving cars be programmed? Let's say that yourself driving car is going to get an accident. Should it be programmed to minimize loss of life? Or should it be programmed to save the life of its owner? Too difficult question. Yeah. Because right now car is just it's obviously, it's not. It stinks Yuli of we do as we drive to protect ourselves. And that's on that we have no control over. Crowd of people if we think it's going to save her own life and Tonto decision. We make it's but with swelter self-driving cars that becomes a decision. We need to make as we program it, and it's very difficult decision. And nobody's talking about it. Too much. Interesting ethical we more removed by using technologies. Interesting ethical issues that come into play, but you mentioned about winning. So you're I'm winning and morality. I think that leads me to my next question about politics. So how is dopamine involved in politics and does it affect whether we're liberal conservative or moderate? When I was researching the book, this was the thing that surprised me the most it never occurred to me that political ideology could be so influenced by brain chemistry. We can figure out who's more dopaminergic and who's more here. And now simply by looking at the labels that are attached the different parties, the left calls themselves progressives, there should progress. They want to make the world a better place, and that's maximizing future resources. And so they're interested in things like taking control helping people to live healthier longer lives by making it difficult for them to access unhealthy food or tobacco or alcohol or things like that. And so they're very much about taking control of things to maximize the goodness the right on the other side, they call themselves conservatives they're much less interested in change their much else. Interested in things that are new. They're more here. Now, they want to preserve the things they valued that they've inherited from their forebears. And so they're much less likely to have active. Murgic circuits, and we can look at you networks, and we can actually predict a person's political ideology by looking at their dopamine jeans. Well, that's fascinating not only that, but we can actually shift people to the left or the right by surreptitiously influencing what parts of their brain are going to be more active. So for example, if you are under threat that's going to activate your here now circuits because you need to protect what you already have. So there's this fascinating experiment in which they survey people about their political ideology, and they randomized them in one they put a hand sanitizer dispenser in the room as very son reminder of the risk of infection. This simple presence of that hand sanitizer. Push people to be more conservative and their answers to the survey. That's interesting. Yeah. I mean, I guess I'm just thinking about can you is. So you're saying like. Less about persuasion tread, bring someone your side and more about some of the chemicals in our brains. Unfortunately, that seems to be the case and politicians know, this we know that when there is a terrorist attack more any kind of threat to the country. It pushes people to the right. We also know that when there's the possibility of prosperity it pushes people to the left. And so the saying is to provide or protect provide is more to the left. Let's make this country a better place. Let's progress. More protect is more to the right. Let's maintain the good things that we have. And that's more here. Now neurotransmitters and can you increase or decrease of dopamine? You have you said it's a lot of it's determined by genetics and thinking not a person who's affected by serious mental illness, but for a general person can you increase that everybody wants increase their.
"dopamine" Discussed on Something You Should Know
"Spend time with loved ones, it's important to do your best to get out of dopamine mode to come down into here now mode and really trying to be present with them. And it's pretty hard to do. It's pretty hard to do. I mean, you think how often are you in conversation with someone you care about very deeply. And you're not even listening to them while they're talking your mind is elsewhere probably thinking about something you need to do in the future. And so it's good to think about what Moda my in what mode should I be in? And what can I do to more fully experience this mode? If dopamine is the thing that makes you want more, and then be bored with it after you've gotten it. Is there something in the awareness of that that maybe helps you appreciate that more or that's just that's just the way we work. Yes. It's a very very funny phenomenon the way when we get something it instantly changes from before. And and the reason is that the way the brain is wired dopamine is designed only for processing things that are in the future. And so if I want a new pair of shoes, I'm imagining how amazing I'm gonna look in these shoes and how props is going to change my life. That's all well and good as long as I don't have the shoes because that keeps the shoes in the future as soon as the shoes. Who's become mine there now in the present and dopamine utterly shuts down because it's not designed for processing things in the presence. And that immediate loss of dopamine activity can come as quite a crash, and that's the basis for buyer's remorse. You know, we might look forward to purchasing something for weeks, even months our imagination goes wild with how it's going to change our life. And as soon as we get it we say, oh my God. Why did I spend this much money? It happens to people with relationships to a lot of times. There are people who will just jump from one relationship to another. And when the relationship is new when you have this idealized object of desire, it creates an enormous amount of excitement and enthusiasm. But once object of desire becomes a real human being the future, focus dopamine shuts down and maybe these kinds of. People don't have particularly strong here and now chemicals in their brain. And all of a sudden they've completely lost interest in this person. And they think it's time to go onto the next one. I want to ask you how gambling fits into this. And how dopamine affects people when they gamble, but I already in the first few episodes of twenty nineteen we've talked about resolutions and goals because a new year brings new beginnings and one of the things I bet you thought about is new software for your business. A new year is the best time to make a change.
"dopamine" Discussed on Freedom Fast Lane with Ryan Daniel Moran
"Despite the fact that you know, you're tired and you have other monkeys competing with you. And then after few hours you're hungry. Again, you look around for something to eat and dopamine motivates that whole cycle again, but between no dopamine. So that's why I'm totally not into this thing about the dopamine type or person who is a low dopamine tight because it's meant to have. Ups and downs, and we're meant were all meant to need all of them aside rant here for a second doctor in today's world, it's so easy to feel bad because we're comparing ourselves on social media. There's al- almost like a demonization of feeling back if anyone feels bad for any moment of time, there's something wrong with us, at least that's my perception. And I'm curious if all bring chemicals have a positive and negative side, how do you consult with people of either when they feel bad to start feeling good or to look at a different way of processing why they feel bad. Okay. Another tigon question. Get ready for a lot of those. So in terms of the expectation that we can have a peak positive feeling at every moment that's not realistic, that is what has been sold to us by modern medicine. So I don't think it's really helpful to a person to believe that. I think they're better off understanding the job that they're brain chemicals evolved to do so that they can feel comfortable with the natural ups and downs and take small steps to stimulating them only.
"dopamine" Discussed on You Made It Weird with Pete Holmes
"Well i took i took five h t p on and tyrosine so like raised my dopamine serotonin that's the like brain science explanation of how i got out i i now feel through like doing acupuncture a little bit and then there's this woman who does rakia who's like feels like an ancient shaman like as does like all kinds of crazy healing is like this this came out because it is read this came up because it's ready to come out so that's like spiritual side of it that even i am like as she's talking i'm like there's a part of my brain that's like i don't think it's a simple i just needed to raise my serotonin dopamine but they're kind of like your wasco thing where i was like what's the harm in leaving this i wanna get better so like all just go just buy into it and and she she did like one thing that really helped me just like dealing with like trust like her whole thing is like overwriting the the like lower frequency things that you're feeling like fear whatever with with trust and whatever so she like did this whole ceremony with me with trust and that kind that really helped me get almost there but then i was still like i don't feel connected to people in the same way that i do usually i don't see synchronicity i don't feel like i'm in like the flow or part of something bigger than myself i just feel like i'm alone and and just yesterday so is able to function and stuff but the opposite thing i've always felt alone and been quite content in that space them i go no connect.
"dopamine" Discussed on The Naked Scientists
"Primates too but especially in humans we care about a reputation we want to be seen as a cooperative individual who's going to help and benefit the group and that we're going to essentially do our bit because that's an adaptive advantage to have as a group member this is called image motivation since it inherited all learned another great question so we learn about norms in our societies to some extent this evolves but on a more simpler level a we acquire norms through social learning so if it's the norm to help other people we learned that from other people sometimes norms are institutionalised and they get passed over from a decade a decade and even if you've talked about cultural evolution over larger time periods but culture is a there's a lot of variation and culture so the extent to which culture replicates like a gene is a bit more complex but certainly we inherit rules and rules of thumb and norms from observing other people so this notion of it sales get to do good deeds does the dopamine what system come into play him yes or some studies show that the uh dopamine genic pathways activated when people think about donating for example were helping other people and so these feel good neurotransmitters are released now sometimes it's a bit difficult to disentangle because there's always other factors that can activate a similar neural subst routes and so it's always a bit difficulties are casualty but generally those factors are associated with hoping other people could the notion of being nice to strange is kids i did have evolved as a byproduct from it being beneficial to be nice to your friends all you'll you'll pay group.
"dopamine" Discussed on Fresh Air
"It's hard to say what's going on in the brain to those monkeys but that certainly consistent with our own experience which is that the first time you have like a powdered sugar doughnut you are basking in the bliss it's great but more and more you feel the intense desire for these things and you anticipate the pleasure but then you may find yourself not even paying attention when you when you eat the doughnut in any event the pleasure will last less long and pretty soon your one another one said that the study also fined the equivalent of like the third in the fourth bite isn't as satisfying as the first it isn't as pleasure and do as dopamine releasing that certainly the implication there was less and less dopamine accompanying the the taste or the fruit juice as as time went on so he say psychologists have a word for this it's the he'd done treadmill right the idea is that uh you know this motivational structure are kind of never being enduringly gratified are keeps you working keeps you seeking pleasure keeps you seeking the next promotion the next cool electron a gadget you know the next sexual conquests whatever but pleasure doesn't last year on the treadmill in your you you continue to seek it okay so we've talked about pleasure and how evolution is high collagen he seems to echo what buddhas mindfulness meditation has to say what about pain how how have you been taught to deal with pain in your practice.
"dopamine" Discussed on Fresh Air
"Then we we would quit doing him right i mean if y you would eat you'd you'd fuel blissed out you never eat again you'd have sexy lie they're basking in the afterglow never have sex again while obviously that's not a prescription for getting genes into the next generation so natural selection seems to have built animals in general to be recurring lead dissatisfied uh and and this is this is uh seems to be a central feature of life in its its central to the buddhist a diagnosis of of what the problem is new quote a really interesting study about dopamine that also connects to the idea that pleasure is inevitably fleeting would you describe that study yeah it was a study involving uh monkeys and dopamine as it tends to be correlated with pleasure its exact role is still disputed but it it it does seem to be correlated with pleasure with reward um in in these monkeys they put fruit juice on their tongues and they noticed that when when the fruit juice it's the tongue the first time there's a burst of dopamine which presumably corresponds to a burst of a pleasure now then they kept doing that but they would signal the coming of the fruit juice with with a light flashing on so that the monkeys could anticipate the uh the reward and what they saw as that more and more the dopamine came when the light went on and will end there was less and less dopamine associated with the actual fruit juice so.
"dopamine" Discussed on Starting From Nothing - The Foundation Podcast
"When we decided to launch this we essentially came in and took a complex system science croaked two neurobiology and that i think is kind of fundamentally what is one of the most unique things about what we're doing is that it's outside of what people are thinking about in the realm of for the most part health general most of health has gone in the direction of a reductionist approach the science and more and more in the way of specialization and people not really understanding how all the different pieces work together and and so when you look at things even in the in the cognitive space people will usually look at wanting to increase one particular aspect of cognitive function i'll say okay i want i want increased focus and so as a result they'll look at one particular neuro pathway usually the dopamine pathway that'll be able to increase focus and they'll take some type of substance that will override that pathway in just provide a whole bunch of in chain dopamine which will in fact give you more her focus but it will do so in a way that is going to have likely longterm detriment because as you override the system you didn't start to become chemically dependent on it because the system itself attributes and it also goes in a way that is out of balance with all the other systems and oftentimes as you increase wind it'll actually decrease others so you'll see certain drugs that are on the market where do we come really focus but you'll actually reduce your critical thinking skills.
"dopamine" Discussed on Talk Nerdy
"Dino they really do help with a fundamental issues so we are already on this trajectory it's it's really just a i think about reframing and rethinking what that trajectory means as the technology improves and i like taking that perspective because it i mean sometimes a kind of takes the fun out of it but it also makes it much more plausible much more reasonable and it takes the fear out of a lot of times what's new and scary to someone who's kind of being a luddite is just because they haven't shifted their perspective and look back and said oh all this other new stuff has already happened this just a new kind of knew that i know have to adapt to right i mean will the resolution is is just getting better in you know like antidepressants we don't really know how they work graham yoga and there's no test for it i couldn't go in and get you know a spinal tap which i wouldn't want to anyway and the doctor look at all my sertoma and a dopamine dopamine and say okay we need to do this drug at this stove simple blown like it's all guesswork right now but yeah but when people are scared when i use is well we already have the technology to vaporise each other with the push of a button nuclear bombs like i mean how much worse i dunno have them at all of this stuff is not like we're not talking about bioengineering for warfare were tuning up i engineering for improvement and i think a lot of times people are afraid of the idea of enhancement of know everything's fine now why would i wanna make it quote unquote better and then we don't have a level playing field and then you know there's all these ethical debates that come out of it but i think sometimes.
"dopamine" Discussed on Why I'm Not... with Brant Pinvidic
"And once you've created that pleasure principle loop of i feel like crap i see a chocolate i feel good i should like as he chuckled if you over and over and over again you're now you're subconscious has created this loop and you can no longer break that loop and now you need to kick cat's like a form of addiction wondering not enough you need five drinks all of a sudden get that same dopamine release in the end all of us are just chasing dopamine that's it that's it whether it's an athlete who is in shape whether it's a guy like you that dopamine released when you sell a show or you have a magic moment direct or you're you're you're proud of your your kid of your wife boom dope me gets released server everyone's chasing that moment and food can have that same power so the sort of rumor is the discussion the scientific sort of evidence at people talk about his at a dorado is scientifically designed engineered engineered to give you that mean so that the normal person can't fight against it it true it's not a fair fight if you have something that has been scientifically engineered tied the perfect amount of salt to sugar ratio to release just at the right time you cannot not have another cookie at then person i've seen you eat it you get that release a boom it's it's go time and then i know the type of personality you are have one cookies good tens gotta be better of one big mac tastes good at this to for five bucks go over to right and i think that's what happens and so people get lost in that rabbit holes and there's no way you can get out from that.