18 Burst results for "Deakin University"
"deakin university" Discussed on WBUR
"Our most listened to on demand radio program of the week was from the food chain and the show has been asking can what you eat have a role in reducing symptoms of depression or anxiety. Professor felice jacka is director of the food and mood center at deakin university in Australia. Nutrition is like this strange beast that somehow sits outside psychiatry and I had to address that by generating very, very good quality evidence and really being rigorous in the way that I came about at the way I attacked it basically testing the hypotheses. So felice went on a mission to find out whether food could actually help improve a person's mood. The experiment was a double blind, randomized control trial, considered the gold standard among researchers. To test the hypothesis that if you took someone with major depressive disorder, clinical depression and you help them to improve their diet, would that actually help to address their depression? This hadn't been done before, and so that was the smallest trial. Up against some professional skepticism, therapists and doctors were unwilling to put forward patients for the trial, so felice and her team didn't expect much from the experiment. We really didn't think that we would see any difference between the groups because we only had 67 people. And we knew that this dietary intervention would need to have a very what's called a large effect size. It would need to have a big impact to be able to see a difference between the groups on their average depression scores. So when we did the stats and we saw that there was this huge difference, we all knew I fell off a chair and then we were like, oh, quick, we better check which group they're in. And we were just stunned to see that approximately 30% of the people in the dietary group actually went on to achieve a full remission of their clinical depression. So basically the people who had really managed to take up the dieticians recommendations and increase their intake of vegetables and fruit and different types of whole grain cereals and legumes, things like lentils and chickpeas and fish and olive oil. And very importantly, to reduce their intake of what we would just call junk food, I guess. The more they did, the better off they were. So that trial had a huge impact. 36,000 of you downloaded or hit play on this one, the presenter who heard there was Jordan Dunbar and you can find many more episodes of the food chain wherever you get your podcasts
"deakin university" Discussed on Science Friction
"And they hypothesis? It proved true. Yes, they found that there was a difference in a few hundred locations around the genome that made identical twins different from fraternal twins and from singletons. So something on top of the genes was acting as a memory of splitting. As if they were sort of a signature in the epigenetics of identical twins. Yes. Yes, and they in their own study. They actually had the idea. Oh, could we do a signature test of identical twins? And they showed through some clever mathematics that within their sample that you could roughly estimate where someone was identical or fraternal or not. We still don't know if this epigenetic signature of identical twins is a cause or a consequence of the exploiting event. But these are the questions that researchers are now beginning to ask. And this test they've created, it wouldn't just apply to twins. Because it's possible that anyone could have been an identical twin at some point in their development. We think that up to 9 tenths of twin pregnancies in 9 out of ten cases, one of the twins disappears in early development. This is so called vanishing twin syndrome. Yes, it's called vanishing twin syndrome. And it's difficult to actually put a figure, but the best estimate at the moment is this happens in 9 out of ten twin pregnancies identical to improves, which means for every twin Bond, there's another 9 singletons out there that never knew they were a twin. So people like me who used to have dreams that there was another me in the bed line beside him when I was in childhood I used to have this recurring dream. I could test yeah, I could test this idea that maybe it was all just weird dreams or maybe I had a distant memory that I shared the room with a twin. So if I took such a test and if it was proven to work, then I could test that my own hypothesis that I was after conception, I was part of an identical twin. And I think it would be academically interesting to just know how many vanished co twins there are out there. While Jeff Craig says that tests like this one which involve multiple genes are never a 100% accurate. He thinks that a test of decent quality could be available to the public within 5 to ten years. And it's not just personal or academic interest at stake here. It could be some medical implications, too. We know that some developmental disorders such as cerebral palsy. Higher risk of cerebral palsy if you're a twin. So in the future, if there's a reliable test for identical twinning, it could be something that's done at birth to tell whether you're at higher risk for a condition like cell palsy. And finally, doctor Craig knew this question of the splitting that's at the core of what makes and creates identical twins. Do you think there will be more research into this area? Is there at least a current of interest that will mean it's something that researchers continue to look at? Yes, I've been part of discussions on this, and it is the researchers ask scratching their heads and they're taking input from different researchers and so what should we do next? What's our next plan? And so definitely there's definitely a momentum now. And as it's been published, there will be other twin researchers around the world with their own ideas. I guess everyone like everyone likes a good mystery. It's great to have a long-standing mystery slowly unraveled. All right, ready, got your broadcast voice on. No, but I'm gonna try. All right. So nervous. Our thanks go to Jeff Craig, Professor of epigenetics and cell biology at deakin university school of medicine. Jif's also the deputy director of twins research Australia. You can follow him on Twitter at doctor chromo. Jeff and twins research Australia are always looking for twins interested in joining upcoming twin studies. You can find out more at twins dot org. Perfect. Joe winner is our brilliant script editor, engineering by Matthew sigley. Given that today's episode is a family affair, thanks.
"deakin university" Discussed on Science Friction
"Unique. We were 6 when we first attended an in person clinic for the twin study. We traveled to a grand old medical building on the fringes of Melbourne's CBD. I remember huge staircase and the polished floors, and being told that we were going to have a cheek swab taken. Oh, yes, I remember being very scared that the cheeks what was gonna hurt and then the anti climax when it was a cheeks woven. It was totally fine. It was like vaguely uncomfortable for a millisecond. Jen and I were part of a study being run by the university of Adelaide, looking at the jeans, teeth, and faces of Australian twins. The shake swap was taken for a zygosity test to confirm whether we were fraternal or identical. For total twins, the result of two eggs being fertilized by two separate sperm. For tonal twins share about the same amount of DNA a single born siblings, or singletons, as they're known in the twin research world. Identical tweens are the result of a single fertilized egg, but splits to create two embryos, so their genetic profile is a much closer match. Jen and I were never dressed the same, and we were always placed in separate classes at school, but beside our closest family and friends, just about everyone else struggled to tell us apart. And a few months after that cheek swap around the time we turned 7. The results came here. Despite what our mother had been told when we were born. Jen and I were identical. As a gossip story, turns out it's actually quite a common one among tweens. It's something researcher Jeff Craig first encountered about ten years ago at a twins festival in Melbourne. Yes, you heard me. That's absolutely a thing. And at this festival, Japanese team were offering free zygosity tests. We put an advertisement just one week before the festival on the twins research Australia website. We think, oh, and that got a handful. And we opened the doors after we set up a culture race course. And there was like a tsunami of parents and they're pushes just queuing up a big air to find out the truth. Jeff Craig is a Professor of epigenetics and cell biology at deakin university school of medicine. He's also the deputy director of twins research Australia. And Jeff was surprised at what they discovered next. Up to one third of those twins were either misinformed or just simply didn't know about their own identity whether identical African. So that's quite a lot. So not alone in being late to find that out. Yes, there's many many twins. I think our oldest twins who found out were in their 80s. Oh wow. And so we realized that there were myths going around such as if twins each had their own placenta, there must be fraternal, and we now know that it's not necessarily that way. One third of identical twins also have their own placenta. The remaining two thirds share a placenta. And I guess one of the other myths was that identical twins must be identical in every way. Including personalities teeth, et cetera, and that's not the case identical twins can be physically and behaviorally different as well. I think those were the main two myths. The study of twins has a long and at times checkered history. So Francis galton a distant cousin of Darwin was among the first to recognize the research potential of twins. A prominent figure of Victorian science, his work in the late 19th century used twins to explore the influences of heredity and environment, paving the way for the debate over nature and nurture. Into the genetic era, researchers continued to work with twins. As a kind of naturally occurring experiment. The first kind of research was asking whether a condition was more influenced by genes or environment. And even though now, we know it's always genes and environment. The knowledge genetics and knowledge of environment has been important. For example, it was suspected that smoking increased the risk of bone fracture. Researchers knew there were many things that could influence the risk of bone fracture. So in an earlier Australian twin study, they started recruiting identical twin pairs, where over a period of years, one of the twins smoked, and the other didn't. And so that particular type of model same genetics for definite environment was very informative in this case. It said there was a causative link between smoking and bone density and therefore they could conclude that smoking lower bone density is more likely to lead to osteoporosis and fractures. Because they took that genetic component away and looked only at that environment. Even before Jen and I had received our zygosity test result. We'd been contributing to our twin study in another way. By collecting our baby teeth, we were each given a small jar, clear plastic with a yellow lead, the kind used to take pathology samples. And inside was a little slip of paper, showing two neat semicircles of teeth, sketched in a line drawing. And do you remember collecting our teeth for this study? I do remember evening the taste and now I look back on it because you keep your teeth for the tooth fairy anyway. I think I just thought that this strange little container with the yellow lid was was just an extension. It was like a little tooth vault. Any time either of us lost a tooth, we were asked to store it in a little tooth Volt, and to write the date that it had fallen out next to the corresponding tooth on the diagram. By the way, we asked the two theory to please respect science and leave the coins, but also leave the teeth. We did this over a series of years, collecting, dating, storing teeth away. And soon, a pattern emerged. Not long before finding out, I can remember, you know, losing yet another baby tooth. And us losing those teeth within a day of each other. And they're happening on opposite sides of our mouth. There was these kind of breadcrumbs that we are linked in some quite extraordinary way. And this kept happening. Our teeth following the same eerie pattern over and again. Jen would lose a tooth on the right side of her mouth, and somewhere between a day and two weeks later, I would lose the same tooth, but on the left side of my mouth. And as we started learning to write in developing our fine motor skills, other signals became clear. Jen was predominantly left handed, where I almost always worked on the right. And somewhere in those data collecting years, we would hold this likely had meaning. Jen and I were mirror twins. When we look in the mirror and a single tip, well, we, when I look at the mirror, we see ourselves. We can identify that's my left side. That's the mirror of it. Well, with twins, it's like the mirror is not there in twins are looking at each other. And there's a lot of physical features such as birthmarks and hair walls, et cetera. And even internally, there's been some with the organ positions, et cetera. So it's kind of an experiment for twins to do if they haven't done that to see how similar are on the opposite sides. Science doesn't know who very much about Mira twins. Identifying them is actually quite subjective. There's no official diagnostic criteria. And for this reason, Miro twins have often been seen as a messy group in terms of research. Because myriad traits aren't consistent across twin peers, reproducible research is difficult, ordering on the impossible. We really don't know much about it at all. We know it happens in around one in four identical twins. And everything else is guesswork, we assume it's because when they identical twins split is maybe just after the time where the genes that determine left and right start being switched on, but we.
"deakin university" Discussed on Science Friction
"Mission is bigger than big. If we think about what U.S. envoy John Kerry has said he's described this conference as the last best opportunity to get real on the climate. Mike Howell high are the stakes at this particular mating? How would you describe them? The stakes are huge. This is really one of the last chances to get some really, really strong targets for 2030, which then sits our sort of trajectory heading into 2050 and especially for some of our neighbors here in the Pacific. They're really kind of seeing it as the last chance to keep that all crucial, 1.5° of warming in arms rich. I don't need to remind you the reality of vulnerable communities. If you're here today, you know what climate change is doing to us. You don't need my pain or my tears to know that we're in a crisis. The real question is whether you have the political will to do the right thing to wield the right words and to follow it up with long overdue action. Yes, and it's interesting. You've said 2030, you've said 2050, and I think people get quite confused about the kind of tangle of numbers that get thrown about. And what we wanted to really do is unpack what net zero by 2050 will look and feel like. What does it mean to say net zero by 2050? So if you're going to add up all the greenhouse gas emissions we put out into the atmosphere and take away those we managed to pull back out of the atmosphere, what would it mean to say net zero emissions by 2050? And is that enough? You know, the devil is in the detail, the Australian government has said we can get there by focusing on technology not taxes. Not shutting down greenhouse gas emitting coal and gas fired industry. So we want to look at that next program, but this week is a bit of a beginner's guide to net zero by 2050. Earth system scientist will Stephan is with us he's a merit as professor at the Australian national university and a climate councillor with the climate institute he was previously the climate commissioner with the Australian government's climate commission. And we've got you and Richie with us, Professor of wildlife ecology and conservation at deacon university. Welcome both. Thank you. Thank you. Is reaching net zero by 2050 the right way of thinking about the challenge ahead. For example, to what extent does it matter how fast we reach net zero by 2050? What if we left it all to the last 5 years the last ten years? Yeah, you've put your finger on the critical issue. If we dawdle around for another 15 years or so and then decide to get emissions down rapidly, then it has a very, very big difference compared to getting emissions down rapidly by 2030 and then having a more difficult tale of emissions to get out of the way over the next decade or two. It's a cumulative emissions that one puts into the atmosphere that determines the temperature rise and therefore the associated impacts and risks of climate change. So that's why 2030 is so important. It's far more important than 2050. And already sitting here at 2020 or 2021, I should say. The latest IPCC report says we are going to go over 1.5. And the only way we'll actually get temperature rise back to it is by drawing down carbon in the second half of the century. That already is telling us that we are in a very urgent situation. And what we do between now and 2030 is really going to be the deciding factor. And so we're talking about 1.5 and 2°. Just for people who may not be entirely across. Those numbers haven't just kind of been plucked from thin air, right? There's good science behind why we talk about 1.5 and two is our sort of upper limits that we should be aiming for? That's correct. When you look at the IPCC special report on 1.5, that made it clear. And they compared the impacts of 1.5 and 2° temperature rises, and they are significantly different. The situation is much worse for the 2° temperature rise. To give you an example, a Great Barrier Reef will be hammered at 1.5, but there may be bits of it that remain at 2° its history. And you can look at the rate of sea level rise. That goes up significantly with the 2° temperature rise, which means more costly erosion or cost of flooding, extreme heat is worse, much worse at 2°. We could see 50°C in our major cities reasonably often during summertime. And the list could go on. But the point is, it's not just a half a degree which doesn't sound like very much. It's a very, very big change in the risks and impacts at 2° compared to 1.5. Niko a warming planet is home to so much more than us. Yeah, exactly right. It's easy for us to think about how this is going to affect us, but we of course are part of a much bigger natural world and that's all really at stake. Let's bring in new and Richie, Professor of wildlife ecology and conservation at deakin university her Ewan. Et cetera. Yeah, I think what's really important to recognize here is that we actually have two crises that are happening concurrently. And that is, of course, the climate crisis. And the extinction crisis, which is devastation that was being around the world in terms of species, declining and becoming. Climate is compounding this issue for the environment. And of course, when space is themselves start extinct and also compound, ironically, and devastatingly, the climate issues. So when we're talking about the death of forest as an example, that, of course, means less ability to capture carbon. So there's so many profound ways that these climate crisis will affect the environment itself. And of course, we are a part of that. We are already seeing devastating impacts. And of course, we all remember the horrible things of the 2019 20 bushfires that occurred in Australia. Which have been absolutely linked to increased temperatures and prolonged periods of draft. And so forth, which are symptoms of a warming world. We're talking here about future projections and 1.5 versus 2° and the implications of that are. You've already sort of touched on it. But climate change is having a real effect right now and observable effect on animals plants, ecosystems. Look, absolutely, and I'll tell her personal stories. So when I was actually studying at university in the mid 90s in townsville in north Queensland, I remember being told, I actually use a global expert on coral. And professor Stephen Williams was working in the wet tropics looking at rainforest species about warnings of the future about that if climate change wasn't actually addressed we would see extinctions. We would say species in the case of the wet tropics are moving up mountain ranges to escape the heat. And we're already seeing that, of course, so we've seen extensive bleaching events on the Great Barrier Reef and the death of some of those sections of race that have now turned from coral to more areas with completely different communities. We now no longer see two species of possum below 600 meters in elevation, so they'll line your ring tile plus them in the Herbert ring tower bottom. Steve wins predicted that that would be affected by climate change. They have they've moved up the mountain as have many bird species. And are they in danger of actually running out of room where how high they can go? Absolutely. So you can think of a mountain as an island at the bottom. It's relatively warm at the top is relatively cool in terms of our elevation. But of course, if you're an animal that has a particular temperature range that it likes and prefers, you have to keep moving up the mountain and you feel something like a frog and there's many, many tiny frog spaces that live on these mountain tops as well in North Korean land. Eventually you run into the mountain. And there's nowhere to go. So, you know, birds may have the option of flying somewhere else. Although again, you fly and there's narrow suitable nearby. They also will carry shin. So absolutely we have a whole range of animal and other space trapped on these mountains. And they basically sort of push towards extinction because of climate change. And this is where the .5 difference between this 1.5° of global warming and 2° of global warming really comes alive for me. Because .5 of a degree makes a remarkable difference when you look at the real world.
"deakin university" Discussed on Hack
"Can you explain that whole situation. Okay i think all of us in live sometimes have to go through a bit of self sacrifice to reach a goal with a big jim or wearing different types of clothes or putting out with juggling many things out household and home life. And this other stuff. So we're going to bash. The central thing is the ordinary stuff. Why are you saying. Davinci code is is not true and it's just totally out of proportion but to come back to your question. Look the ordinary stuff in live like trying to manage the schedule trying to juggle you. Stop trying to be put on a happy face at home. That's the central message of overstay if the ordinary stuff that we try and and and live for the sake of other people and try and connected to god can you explain i guess some of the secrecy that's involved with opus day that a lot of people don't disclose their member of it. Well the thing. Is that being part about so member. Stay i have no trouble in telling people that that's may is my own decision. Like to make that commitment for life to be a part of this day to try and as i said before to try and find god and the ordinary stuff of my day to day life. Now that's a personal thing for me. We all many people have their own spirituality own beliefs. That's not something that h person needs to advertise. They play personal thing. So when people ask me about what. I believe in or i will mention that that i will mention it because they know me and and we have a friendship will some sort of relationship. But i don't go around saying. Oh i'm richard and i'm a member of overstay. Not i don't do that like a personal surprising. So do you feel like it is something that he's more sacred than other religions. Because certainly that's what a lot of the reporting and a lot of members of opus day of said you know i. It is different to some brought a more mainstream pots of of religion. I know you say his days as well but it is quite small when you look at it in proportion to other religions so why is that sacredness. A pot of it. Well i would say it's not secretive. It's i think some people get confused because guy around like where any different type of clothing. I don't dress like as a prey stores as a religious brother. Oh i'm just a normal person right. So now as i said if people want to know about me and my friends do i will tell them. But i'm not looking for brownie points from anyone to say. Hey i'm you know. I'm of made this commitment so therefore i'm some house in apart from anyone else. I'm no better than anyone else. The you know this day. I get a lot of help from this day. But it's not a it's not an issue of secrecy at rigid has had a lot of connections to australian politics on both sides for many years. Why is it such a pot of that. Will i don't know about that. I don't know really whether state has had a big influence in politics. I mean well. There have been lots of leaders of both labor and liberal who have connections typists day. Why do you feel that. It is so prolific in that section. Considering you know there are not that. Many australians who were part of it well look i think the message of day basically is attractive and that is that what we do. Every day has enormous value before god. And it's an opportunity to serve people around us. And i think many people will be wouldn't be attracted to that message so there i mean i. I don't agree that there are many people who associated with this diet in politics. But i do think that many people who have drive and ambition to serve and ambition to make a contribution to society will get the message of day because that is very much a part of it richard. Obviously the reason why we're talking to you is because of dome paraty who's in line to take our new south wales latest ship. Is someone who you've seen around it at your events and so on well i do dominate mainly because i live in the hills area of sydney so a lot of his family from this part of the world but yeah is he. A member of. I call it on anyone's particular membership. He's he's gone on record about that so you can ask him but he has gone on record about that. I don't wanna show for me to mega country on any person at all right. Well rich avila. I appreciate you chatting to us because it's a pot of i guess society that we don't eat too much of an has been really interesting. Thanks a lot of people. Texting in christian baxter sales steph self sacrifice to achieve goals and masochism two very different tennents. Someone else's texted. How can you go himself a catholic. I'm catholic and we call them fanatics so stay of the ones that cool. The pope's people when ordinary priest give holy communion to gay people. They are against anything progressive in the catholic church pastoral. Calling his both ethically the best way. Too many choices. And it's the only way to reduce those numbers on triple j right you all listening to hack. I'm avenue dies and you know the banjo. Paterson poem the man from snowy robots kind of an icon of his liana and at the center of it. A wild busey's brumbies. Some people have this emotional connection to them but they're actually an introduced spacey's which scientists say a destroying the environment and that's led to use of debate over what to do with them when the political drama was going down on friday. A plan was dropped to call eleven thousand of them. Want to know your thoughts text in g. Think it's time to just call brumbies once and for all in australia or three nine. Seven five seven triple five texting. Joe lhota has this story. I had no idea. It was this complex. When i first realized that these horses were causing enormous damage in kosciusko. These is professor. Don't driscoll he's a conservation oncologist at deakin university and for years. He's been studying the impact of feral forces or brown bees in these stray alien high country. In new south wales and victoria put simply brumbies or introduced. Animals and the australian landscape has evolved to handle these heavy animals with who's interviewed particularly to those higher elevations with land so this critically endangered Box and finns in the australian hopes up including because osco and horses need to drink every day. So they going to these wetlands and completely destroyed the structure of the mawson paving those in those ecosystems. This causes causes erosion and the underlying soil draws out as well so i really big impacts fees their in costa cut back the number of wild horses in the cosio sky national park in southern new south wales on friday. The new south wales government released its draft management plan for wild horses in cozy oscar. It estimates there fourteen thousand holes in the pop and they wanna reduce that number two three thousand over the next six years. professor school. says it's still too many three thousand in in kosciusko basically a distance with some of those ecosystems and potentially some of the species under the new plan the is to have two-thirds of the park brumby free and to keep them in. The remaining third professor driscoll thinks that's pretty outrageous. It allocates one food of the national park to feral horses so this is supposed to be a national park. That consists ninety species. But i've given over one third to one feral spacey's it's just big as believe. This is just the most recent to manage this issue. In twenty two new south wales government released a proposal to ninety percent of the feral horses in causey oscar. I've re twenty year period. It was very controversial but then instead of pushing through with the call. The government's leaped in introduced the brumby. Bill it recognized the heritage value of brumbies in the australian high country and bans lethal calling. The.
"deakin university" Discussed on NakedChats
"In actionable tips that you can use to go the career of the old greaves. Let's chat hello and welcome to episode forty seven of naked chats part carbon. I have seen a growing interest in non traditional career paths among health professionals. Now i would absolutely be lying if i said this didn't excite me. I did obviously walk a very nontraditional career path as a dietitian and to be honest was met with quite some resistance so to say more and more people exploring alternative career popov's or bringing a little bit of the quote unquote new to the quote unquote. Old is something that really excites me on the podcast. Today i am joined by mealy pedala a dietitian that has recently flipped hickory on its head to pursue work exclusively in the online space. It may come as a surprise to those that familiar with millie and fuller who online via instagram dietitian edition that. She used to work in a very traditional job role within three hospitals and four private practice clinics in melbourne today. However milly makes a leaving by creating evidence-based nutrition content for various online platforms consults with leaning food brands and works within the parameters of nutrition marketing among her impressive work portfolio awesome pretty incredible brand partnerships including her role as copyright off sarah days sunny app and a recent blog collaboration with fellow dietitian l. e. bulletin of else's wholesome life as you will he him this chat million. I connected through instagram. Quite a long time ago. Fath- at the back. Then what i had actually realized having pursued nontraditional career poss- within the nutrition industry. I figured there was no better person to invite onto the podcast to explore this topic with in this chat million discuss. How have business has evolved since moving away from traditional dietetic work and explore all things brand partnerships. I'm talking how to secure brandt ship. How to set rights feel services and how to secure consistent work. We also discussed the role that instagram in particular plays in mealey's business and finish up chat with some advice for fellow health professionals considering a getting started online. This is without a doubt. A jam packed chat full of practical tips and advice so i wouldn't be surprised if this was an episode. You had to listen back to twice. Hello beautiful milly. Welcome to nike. Chat me right so excited to be here. I was yet or varied when the a Invokes sir can't wait to get into a chat. That makes me so happy to hear. Because i've really been looking forward to sitting down and talking to you because we fully each other for quite a long time on instagram now. And i've always admired the work that you do and you'll business and Yeah i know that you're going to have so much knowledge to share in relation to nontraditional career paths for health professionals. I'm very excited to to dive into this episode. Yes many to and thank you right back at you. I am actually was thinking back to when i started to. It addition a new one of the very first people who gave me a shoutout or page and he said could dietitian. And i was sorry playing. I think you had like a thousand followers in. It was massive deal for the famous support of very guard. Oh my god. We go way back. Then i could remember all cool. I love that. I would have still been at university then still studying my masters think. He had a really good online presence. When i was like go she knows what she's doing. Funny we dive into our chat. I would love to start off by asking you to shed two things about yourself that most people don't know about you and k. This is tricky. I think for everybody. But i do love these of your segment and i actually code my mom when i saw this question. What something people don't know about the in fact the fun is that i haven't clinically. Diagnosed lazy is semi left. Eye is completely turned And i think that makes seeing little bit self conscious sometimes jump on stories and get my face out there but it's actually quite blurry at is my dicing. My vision is clear up. And i had to manage operations when i was young and have long glasses. Since i was about one i think and had eyepatches during school and looking converted is traumatic to me because look like a pirate. I never would have picked that. And i don't think i've ever seen you in glosses nor it some i don't tend to have to wear them at the white men unless it's a really intricate task lack driving. That's vital or if i'm reading for extended periods of time but i don't tend to them and i need to get back into that habit. I think Me when it comes to that and then the second thing is at. I mentioned they semi instagram. Before but i've. I used to play really competitive basketball for about twelve years. I played over in the states and played in seattle and in la quite competitively. And that's probably what fueled my love for like exploded nutrition but when i was twelve this is the fun pot turns i you notice the turns and i dance funky. She was in my team for about a year. So liberty mention maine dropping. I love that. Wow that's so cool. So i did a student exchange. When would i have been. I would have been i think the end of ten going into your levin and i went over to seattle and i spent a little bit of time in a seattle high school so beautiful and the paper were just sar gorgeous. I feel so grateful to have had bad experience. When i was so young. Yeah yeah the people are there. I see american culture. it just Down to earth and they love australian c. oyster welcome and it's beautiful part of the world. I would recommend going to anybody and they love basketball to my sister. Played slack on my gosh. Like a pro level game. I all the crowds. That just like a normal. Yes bull on may play like t pain and fifty cents pump in your sorry the best atmosphere i love to really olsen facts. I feel like. I learned people in not going so well done are not. I'm trying to make them. Don't nutrition related. I love it. Well speaking of nutrition so you studied at deakin university in victoria. You did a bachelor of food. Science and nutrition then went onto mazdas indicts headaches. Where did the love of food and nutrition begin fee obvious question And i wave have to give my love of niche in nutrition to my mom and dad. Sorry nine one woman's ad. But the true foodies. I was born and raised treaty My dad's european so you can just imagine..
All In The Mind
"deakin university" Discussed on All In The Mind
"Moms and dads. It seems that it's important for attachment inviting behaviors and also. There's a lot of evidence that it promotes parental motivation and likely renders offspring more kind of rewarding and motivating stimulus parents. And there's also some a lot of evidence that it it increases empathy and so those are things that obviously could parents are going to have a lot of the motivations parent and also empathy for their offspring and while we know these homes of vital. It's not fully understood what triggers the changes in men. We do know that when men have more contact with their infant postnatally that their testosterone decreases more. And you know we think there's something about that. Direct contact that's important in terms of decreasing testosterone levels in terms of oxytocin. Actually some really interesting studies. That have been done with premature babies where they asked fathers to engage in skin the skin contact with those premature babies and they've found that that increases oxytocin levels in both the father and the infant and so something about that skin-to-skin contact may also be important in terms of driving some of these hormonal changes. Undestanding these changes in how this connect with their kids is important for a range of reasons. We know that infant crying is sadly and tragically no-one trigger for infants abuse and and things like shaken baby syndrome so when infants cry a lot and when they cried inconsolably that can frustrate parents and in very rare cases. It can lead to abuse. Also you know sadly it turns out that fathers are more often than perpetrators of those cases than than mothers so. I think it's really important for us to try to understand what's going on in the brain of fathers when they're frustrated by their infant's crying so that's a question that my lab's been very interested in and most recently we conducted a study where we image father's brains as they were performing basically a kind of a video game task in which we presented them with a video of a crying infant and in order to get the infant to stop crying. They have to choose from a menu of different soothing strategies. Like change. the baby's diaper rock. Baby give the baby pacifier so they have to kind of figure out what it is that the baby needs to stop crying. What we found in in that study is that the fathers who reported being most frustrated by the infant crying had the least activation in a part of the prefrontal cortex that we know is important for regulating emotions and and controlling impulses and things like that. and so. that's a space where you don't want to be a parent when you have your emotion regulation capacities depleted or off line. That's when bad things can happen. One other area professor ruling has looked at is often tumble play. It's a great way for evolution to kind of help. Young offspring children learn about social interactions by betting it in this really intense but really pleasurable form of social interaction. Right so children are learning so much from these layabouts so one thing they learn especially if there if it's rough and tumble play with an adult. They learn that okay. There's this stronger. Larger more powerful individual who could obviously hurt me if they want to but they don't and so they learn to trust that person if that's their mother or their father that helps them to bill the secure attachment with that person and we know that there are all kinds of downstream benefits from building secure attachments early in life. The other thing that that children learn from plays they learned that they have to control their own aggressive impulses or else the play belt will end so it's a really good way for them to begin to learn how to control their their aggression in there and to regulate their emotions for jane's reeling and david woods becoming a father has been hugely meaningful. I just consider it a remarkable privilege and responsibility to be able to raise another human being. I find that incredibly rewarding. And it's enriched my life tremendously. Fatherhood definitely hasn't been without challenges for me. So i struggled my first two children ten and five and my son has a newborn was was colic. He had kind of a challenging temperament. We didn't get much sleep. A lot of long nights followed by difficult days at work. And i remember those being really difficult times and i've also had some struggles with just work life balance but you know all in all it enriches your life enormously and adds tremendous meaning. I love fatherhood. it's con- imagine my loss in any way. I'm just sorry. Feel very blessed to be a father of two beautiful children and it's been lots of fun. That's folder to dave edwards. And before him. You heard from professor james reeling from emory university and dr jackie mcdonald from deakin university. Perinatal anxiety and depression. Australia or penta provide support for parents who are struggling. If that's you or someone you know you can call pandas national helpline on thirteen hundred seven. Two six three zero six more links on our website. This episode from producer. James berlin are sound. Engineer was andre shabonov. I'm sonic qatar. Thanks for listening. Catch you next time. You've been listening to an abc podcast. Discover more great. Abc podcasts live radio and exclusives on the abc listen app..
All In The Mind
"deakin university" Discussed on All In The Mind
"For about ten angelo. That's probably a conservative figure for about ten percents this experience of mental health challenge in struggles of psychological distress or depression or anxiety feelings of additional stress. Ivan above what people would typically feel to. Jackie mcdonald is a senior research. Fellow in the school of psychology. At deakin university. It can be exacerbated by all the things that gone in the transition to fatherhood on transition to parenthood things like changes in sleep patent sleep disturbances. That's pretty normal but also changes in the psychological adjustment or role thinking of yourself as a provider changing that role to provide and care having new responsibilities even if the previous ones were particularly stressful and time consuming anyway. Trekkies work focuses on the mental health and wellbeing of men particularly as they transition to fatherhood families with as assistance. I the fathers own mental health concerns are clearly concentre for himself. Our mental health struggles are important for how we get through life how productive we are since of las satisfaction but it also manifests in how we relate to other people so there's a really strong correlation between maternal depression and maternal depression so the father's symptoms of anxiety or depression interact with how he engages with the rest of the family. It can affect the mother's mental health but then it also has an impact on the child and that can be directly in the way that he cares for the child feels connected or bonded with the child interacts with the child. So one of the symptoms of depression for instances this lack of pleasure and enjoyment in life. And it means that we're probably less likely to smile or engage or in a pleasurable and stimulating way with the child it slows down the interactions as well and that's important because hap- submit children bond can shape that baby's life down the track definitely a secure attachment that an infant feels with. Both parents is beneficial outcomes later on particularly there on ongoing attachments to other people attachment indicates the degree to which we feel secured the greater which we feel. We have trust in the person who's caring for us to turn to them in times of need and if that trust is somehow actually turns to uncertainty or even to a sense of well. That person isn't there for me in times of need. Then we have to stop thinking of different ways to manage into compensate so children tend to develop insecure attachments which may well be avoided or in in fact maybe even anxious attachment with the inclined to be more clingy but not satisfied when they do actually have somebody turn to them because they uncertain or look after them because they're uncertain about whether or not that's going to be.
"deakin university" Discussed on KQED Radio
"Many people say. But look, you know, evolution of mammals has been happening for millions of years. You know you once had dinosaurs. Surely this could just be a natural progression. Why do you have to say It's down to climate change. It's very multifaceted. You know, it's true that animals have always evolved and that they responded to their environment and evolved surviving it. But things are different now. Because climate change means that the world is changing at an unprecedented rate. And so what we're seeing here is Animals trying their best to keep up and you know, we're seeing these changes over the past 100 years or so. So we're seeing that yes, While evolution can normally thousands of years in this case when there is a strong selective pressures when something really crazy, like climate change happens. You can drive evolution to happen at a faster pace. That's what we're seeing here. With this shape shifting and climate change is kind of all encompassing term that we sometimes used very liberally. What specific Aspects of climate change a kind of speeding up this evolution of these animals. So what we think is happening with the increases in appendage size is because the appendages are used in controlling body temperature. The thing about climate change that's causing these changes is the increases in temperature, so the warmer temperatures means that there's more pressure on animals to be able to regulate their body temperature. And we see this in the literature and published studies already that the changes in a pendant size linked tying but also to temperature increases through time. And so it's telling us that this is the aspect of climate change that we should be paying attention to. Sarah, riding of Deakin University in Australia. Genesis, a band that began 54 years.
"deakin university" Discussed on WBUR
"More surface area for animals to let go of all this excess body heat from and that can help them as climate change brings about warmer temperatures. You know, it's interesting, so because there are many people say that look, you know, evolution of mammals has been happening for millions of years. You know you once had dinosaurs. Surely this could just be a natural progression. Why do you have to say it's down to climate change? It's very multifaceted. You know, it's true that animals have always evolved and that they responded to their environment and evolved surviving it. But things are different now. Because climate change means that the world is changing at an unprecedented rate. And so what we're seeing here is animals trying their best to keep up and you know, we're seeing these changes over The past 100 years or so. So we're seeing that? Yeah. While evolution can normally thousands of years in this case when there is a strong selective pressures when something really crazy, like climate change happens, you can drive evolution to happen at a faster pace. And that's what we're seeing here with this shape shifting and climate change is kind of all income passing term that we sometimes used very liberally. What? What specific Aspects of climate change a kind of speeding up this evolution of these animals. So what we think is happening with the increases in appendage size is because the appendages are used in controlling body temperature. The thing about climate change that's causing these changes is the increases in temperature, so the warmer temperatures means that there's more pressure on animals to be able to regulate their body temperature. And we see this in the literature and published studies already that the changes in appendix size linked tying but also to temperature increases through time. And so it's telling us that this is the aspect of climate change that we should be paying attention to. So riding of Deakin University in Australia.
"deakin university" Discussed on WBEZ Chicago
"More surface area for animals to let go of all this excess body heat from and that can help them as climate change brings about warmer temperatures. You know, it's interesting, so because there are many people say, But look, you know, evolution of mammals has been happening for millions of years. You know you once had dinosaurs. Surely this could just be a natural progression. Why do you have to say it's down to climate change? It's very multifaceted. You know, it's true that animals have always evolved and that they've responded to their environment and evolved surviving it. But things are different now. Because climate change means that the world is changing at an unprecedented rate. And so what we're seeing here is animals trying their best to keep up and you know, we're seeing these changes over The past 100 years or so. So we're seeing that? Yeah. While evolution can normally thousands of years in this case when there is a strong selective pressures when something really crazy, like climate change happens, you can drive evolution to happen at a faster pace. And that's what we're seeing here with this shape shifting and climate change is a kind of all income passing term that we sometimes used very liberally. What what specific Aspects of climate change a kind of speeding up this evolution of these animals. So what we think is happening with the increases in appendage size is because the appendages are used in controlling body temperature. The thing about climate change that's causing these changes is the increases in temperature, so the warmer temperatures means that there's more pressure on animals to be able to regulate their body temperature. And we see this in the literature and published studies already that the changes in appendix size linked time but also to temperature increases through time. And so it's telling us that this is the aspect of climate change that we should be paying attention to. So providing of Deakin University in Australia.
"deakin university" Discussed on KTRH
"Our top story this hour, while Biden wants you to forget about Afghanistan, but we won't After American troops ran away the Taliban they overran the country. They're dealing with other terrorists now not dealing with them in conjunction with a suicide bombing killed at least 180 people at Kabul's airport, including our 13, U. S Service members stranded hundreds of Americans and American allies. Boxes. Jennifer Griffin now with what's happening on evacuations from that country, with a military gone Chairman of the Joint Chiefs General Mark Milley inspected screening operations for 17,000 Afghan evacuees at three US military bases in Europe. Ramstein, Germany Sigonella Italy and wrote to Spain where the FBI, customs and Border Patrol and in CS have agents. I'm very comfortable that, uh, you know, these folks are being properly cleared to the FBI U. S troops at Ramstein built a makeshift say anyone flagged for drug or terror ties. Anyone on a U. S watch list is sent to camp. Bond steal the U. S military base in Kosovo, where they can be held for up to a year traveling with the chairman of the Joint Chiefs. Jennifer Griffin, Fox news. So there you have it, traveling with the chairman of the joints to achieves the Biden administration trying to undo the damage that has been done. Pregnant California woman, meantime, who was left behind in Afghanistan, she's said she's gotten calls out, saying the Taliban there now hunting Americans because U. S forces have left You're not getting the truth, folks. It's now 604 hundreds still stranded there Biden administration. They're trying to make you forget all about it, and they're getting a lot of help from the media to as you just heard. Here's Katie your age is Jeff Biggs. Yeah, sure. As political writer Eddie Scary noted, it is scary how the media continues to give Joe Biden a free pass. The truth is that people are going to realize is that while the media were paying attention to what happened with Afghanistan, and how much of a disaster that absolutely was, the media will wound him, but they will not kill him. And I think the shift is because the White House let them know they said. Hey, look, guys, this isn't going so well for us, and a lot of things aren't going well. And so will the mainstream media continues to ignore the story on purpose. Not so for ktrh is Sean Hannity. On this show. We're not moving on. We may cover other stories, but we'll never move on until every American is home safely. It's kind of the new reality that we live in. Yeah, least today that the State Department is shutting down all private attempts to try to get those Americans out. They have to have total control. Okay. Thanks A lot. Jeff. It's 605 Big day yesterday for honest voters in the state of Texas Governor Abbott officially signing into law. SB One is the election integrity Bill. The bottom line of what the law does The Texas law, It does make it easier than ever before. For anybody to go cast a ballot. That does also, however, make sure that it is harder. For people to cheat at the ballot box in Texas. Nonetheless, Texas organizations Lou lack and Voto Latino, other groups already filing federal court papers saying that it violates the Voting Rights Act, the Federal Voting Rights Act. And the first and 14th amendments of the Constitution. So here we go. It'll head to the Supreme Court. Ultimately, it's 66. Now we've had more than $54 Million in private donations raised for Governor Abbott's border wall, the Texas built Wall Few other details have been made public, though Todd Ben's men at the Center for Immigration Studies says it may be that the state simply hasn't yet decided how to allocate all that money, although they had put up miles of chain link, fencing and shifting resources, already taking place in order to protect property owners along our Texas border. And then, of course, they have to save money for what's going to be a big legal battle. There may be some issues with the International Water Boundaries Commission. If they get too close to the river, or if they're in the river plain. There have been issues with them in the past, all of that will shake out and litigation. Yeah. Emails trying to get details from Governor Abbott's office. They were not returned yesterday. Astros come from behind. They took 1/10 inning 54 win over the Seattle Mariners last night. Two teams wrapping up their series with an early game today. Live coverage at noon on sports Talk 7 90. I'm sheriff Friar in Houston's news, weather and Traffic station. NewsRadio 7 40 ktrh. Breathe easier. This hurricane season I turn on the radio Should a storm into the gulf. We have the information you need. Use radio 7 40 ktrh. If there's something strange in your neighborhood. Who you gonna call all this story? It's something uh and it don't look good. I'm not sure I could do it with a straight face. Um, Here's the headline. It's in USA today. That liberal rag anyway. Changes causing animals. Climate change is causing animals to shape shift, huh? Shit shape. Can it get any crazier shape? Some animals are shape shifting parts of their bodies. It might be due to climate change, according to a new study. The evidence of warm blooded animals experiencing changes to appendages such as beaks, legs and ears, was found by a team of researchers led by Sarah, writing of Deakin University in Australia, and was published in the journal Trends in ecology and Evolution. Shape shifting Well, my understanding of the term shape shifting from my limited experience with paranormal shows is that these are these are like shadow people. You know that kind of Come into view and go. Or appears some sort of an animal, and then they appears some sort of a different animal. No changing their entire appearance. It sounds like what she is talking about is something that we used to refer to as evolution. Yeah, but usually evolution takes billions of years. Yes, yes, one would think it does. Biggest evidence of change occurring in birds from Australia in North America. Australian parrots have shown an average increase of 4 to 10% in Bill's surface area since 18 18 71 Maybe that's.
"deakin university" Discussed on Hack
"Taliban so-far been successful and suppressing. I escaped i saw truckloads of dead bodies have flared families that hosted i escape so it was brutal. It was sweeping and be cleaned. Everything locked remnants escaped that semi andy and afghan pace worker in kabul and. He doesn't think that is k. Will as much of a threat to the taliban. The taliban is not just a group our organization They're actually a culture. Are part of a tradition so the so poor religious the social support for the taliban the rule support for the taliban is immense The ice skate doesn't have that kind of roots and just into carol grace. This certainly not powerful enough and have enough suppose in afghanistan to really challenge the taliban but they certainly have enough capability and support and chrismas in kabul and the eastern provinces between kabul and pakistan should be able to mount attacks and to play. If you like a spoiler role in trying to ensure that the the destabilizing the taliban government all the afghan government or anyone else who's involved in afghanistan. yeah which raises. The question does is k. Pose a threat to the world outside afghanistan absolutely total war against the infidels. I starting with muslims so they have to purify the muslim communities and then turn all youth and other resources to the purpose at global jihad. yes. I escaped presents a very valid and true threat to international not just not just any non muslim state. Just carol also thinks that is k. Present a threat but not on a grand scale. I really don't have a very strong by comparison lead to be able to undertake that at night national basis in afghanistan regent four now consolingly sing reports of some of the the leading as From iraq and as they've tried to leave the middle east move across into afganistan but the numbers are relatively small. Pack on triple j with that story. Let's talk to greg baden. He's a terror expert from deakin university melbourne. Thanks for coming on the shore. So a lot of people assigned these could lead to these strange alliance between western countries including australia. And the taleban against i s k. Do you think that will go ahead. I think it's likely to happen in the short term whether it's nineteen to the longer term is is a question and it's problematic because that's cycle alleged drone strike on a suicide vehicle a a Improvised explosive device packed car Which reportedly by people on the ground resulted in a explosion series of explosions that killed ten people presses. Many of them seven of them as children and That apparently was a preemptive strike in an isis k. sell That sort of granular information can be gained partly from electronic listening devices and drone video but it will probably dependent on Intel shed with the taliban from the taliban and it's possible taliban completely wrong Because i didn't really control couple city says kay pulling those the city better than these guys. Then you put up the telephone or it could be. The taliban sitting america up to embarrass them For having killed so that points to the difficulties with that relationship going forward tongue taliban's involvement was in that in that strike guests and and obviously australia among other western forces bain and afganistan for the past twenty years and vc left elliott. This year would do you feel the strategy should be going forward considering these other terror groups that are now popping up in the region. Look i think our approach has to be that we need to work and hope for the best And that means we have to accept that The telephone won militarily and we have to engage with. Try and limit the brutality and give people a chance yet to get out and he's not Most of the adelaide Try and work out. Best to make sure that this new government in afghanistan is as good as it can be and also you humanitarian concerns but apart from hoping for the best they have to plan for the worst and the worst i think is a rising with terrorism They may be a degree of plausible deniability from the taliban government. They may claim that they trying to stamp out terrorist camps. I think i'll be immediate. Preliminary kyw islamic state. And either way it's going to be a problem. Herat let's have problems in the region. Greg baden appreciate you coming on. Triple j high here today. Because i saw marissa's videos on tacos dot com a bunch of other people. Yeah this is hack. And i want you to think about this situation. You've got a group of best friends. You think you do everything together and then you find out. They've held a potty. And you weren't invited. It can be so mortifying to be in that experience so imagine someone posting about that on tick talk and it gets so viral millions of people say and they start reaching out to you. This whole situation happened to annexed. Guest maurice amazes her name. Thanks for joining us on hack. Hi lobbying to be here for is what happened when your friends were organizing an event that you weren't going to be invited full but some random recorded that conversation and posted it on newstalk talk yes so it was kind of random. I didn't expect it at all. This came up out of nowhere A guy named through was walking around in new york city. Where am i both reside. And t- passed. I these two girls that were basically talking purely about their friend marissa and how they wanted to clean birthday party on a weekend that they knew i was going to be out of town so that they wouldn't have to invite me anyway to stick my nose where it doesn't belong yearnings harissa please. I just walked by your friends. And i need to tell you that the weekend you're away is not the only time that they could do their birthday party. They are choosing to it. We adhere away and we need to talk. Help me find marissa and it kind of just blew up. You've had about thirty followers at time. And it just started going crazy viral and i saw it and i was like offered just too much added up and it was. It was bad it was bad. What did you do after you saw. What was your thought process. Yeah i reached out to drew actually to the original video. And i made a response video kind of just say in like i don't really know one hundred percent of this as me but if it is like i'm gonna need some new friends so might as well as the high. I live in new york city. And i saw this video and because in the last two hours i've had over twenty five thirty people sending me people have talked to since high schools and me and i literally went out of town this weekend. I went on a road trip with my friends and one of my friends had a birthday party this weekend and she knew i was going out of town and wouldn't reschedule it and best. He's need some new friends. So let me know so you posted your reaction to the whole situation. You obviously took control of it again. What happened next people.
Keep Calm And Run To The Best You (The Podcast)
"deakin university" Discussed on Keep Calm And Run To The Best You (The Podcast)
"Do you feel can running make you younger. Now you've just started running with us Like i said bright. You know ten weeks ten or eleven weeks ago. do you feel younger. yes. I do So i have two young boys. They're four and six. And i think being more active. Now i was. I was doing some stuff but not really Anything consistently so. I feel like i can handle more. You know. I can play with them for longer. I mean they wanna go on runs with me. suggest being with them. Obviously it's not gonna. I'm thirty seven. I'm going to be thirty. seven tomorrow. does matter run a mild state or not. But the fact that i'm able to keep up with my kids more That's that makes me feel younger for sure. Now now how did you feel before running. Did you feel like okay. You're thirty seven but you feel like you're forty forty one like yeah exactly and honestly. That's what my fit bit at the time like when it tells you it tries to calculate you know your your cardiac age or your metabolic age. A lot of scales can tell you. I have on ron scale. That tells me my metabolic so we'll touch on that a little bit more. But but what the jurors tell you told me that i was over forty So Yeah that doesn't make you feel feel good So yeah have you put it on lately. Did it tell you anything different. I switched it. Because i want smartwatch that would sink within like iran. So i changed it But i have to check it. I haven't checked it in a while to see if it's changed but even if it has and feel different i felt sluggish kind before like lazy. I wasn't doing much of anything Well let me let me let me slide into my opening rant now. If if just wasn't here. I'll be going into this open and ran so being that she's here. She's in the wings. We we're going to get back with jessica for a minute but when the question comes up can running make you younger right. Who's really asking that question. I guarantee you. It's middle aged individuals asking that question and in today's world. People are frantically looking for ways to say young as long as possible. The issue is however that we're set up a system to fail and love our parents. you know they. They didn't mean to do this to us. But just think back to when you were younger when you did something good that they reward you with ice cream. Did they reward you for you know something. You did good with a trip soon. Mcdonald's or may give some of your favorite candy so we we begin to start to reward ourselves. I'm here live at stockton university. Just in case are here some some things going on in the background. we begin to reward ourselves even as adults with food and We think back to our young childhood to what if what if as a teenager your parents notice that you're picking up some way so they may tell you to go wrong. But that's the last thing you wanna do is run or as you're carrying extra radio right I've my wife said that When she was a teenager she's always had a mental issue when it came to her weight because when she would go to family gatherings and things like that was like oh you got a beautiful face and you know. Make make suggestions about about her weight and things like that so but how. 'bout now once again your middle age right is the system set up for you to Achieve great things or is it set up for you to fail. How about when you go to the supermarket and the first thing you see right may be doritos is on sale. When when you're trying to save morning you look into clip coupons. Do they have grass-fed beef on sale. Like coupons for that. No the coupons or for nabisco treats craft treats right all the snacks lays okay all these type of things that you may think you're saving money on but later on you may pay higher. Prescriptions for your prescriptions. Because of what these foods can actually do to you healthwise How about when you go through the checkout out on one side is not the candy. No no other side is magazines totent- the next weight loss. Step just gonna help me i anything. That's off base here. No definitely not. And i mean you've touched on so many good points because what we learn is kids sticks with us. I mean it. It's reinforced by all the stuff. You're saying to as an adult. You see at the at the supermarket with coupons and whatnot. But it's hard you have to do a lot of work to shed that the stuff that you learned as a kid as far as rewards or what helped you cope You know and as a parent now you kind of look at that stuff too. You don't want to continue that cycle. Yeah so how old is your children. Six four and six four and six. So you know as you're starting to see some of these things now like how you said that you don't want to repeat that cycle you know And so appreciate you bringing that out so now that the opening ranches is Done let me get into answering that question and you may be able to pick up on some of the answers based on what i'd started talking about but When it comes to the question can running make you younger. The good answer is yes. But there's a bad answer which is no but first let me go into the. Yes then we're going to go into the no and then i'm gonna tell you what smart runners do okay so there was a study done by a professor daniel. Bolivia from the institute of physical activity and nutrition at deakin university. He finds that the answer is yes according to his research. If you run just twenty kilometers each week which is twelve point. Four miles right. That's three days of running just three miles. Three point one months right You begin to slow down the aging process in your bone marrow and for every nine kilometers you run each week your bone marrow gets a year younger and so guys. I'm not all into the science. I don't have all the data and all that stuff. I'm actually gonna leave a link to this article in the show notes and you cannot check out the research a little bit further marie some more of the things that he says it says that the effects are even more pronounced for long distance runners. Run us who ran over fifty kilometers. A week had bone marrow. That was eight younger than those who didn't do exercise now. I do remember in that article that talked about biking and although biking is good it did not affect your bone marrow as much as running does so already knew that bone density when you strength train when you work out is going to improve your bone density it talked about the bone marrow being in your spine and a portion of it being into your your spine and so therefore when you are bouncing on the track trail or during the during the running process is actually improving the bone marrow in between the spine. Okay why is bone marrow important once again. i'm just gonna read it straight from here. The professor explains when we are born born. The the marrow spaces within the bones of our body are mostly made.
TechNation Radio Podcast
"deakin university" Discussed on TechNation Radio Podcast
"If you take your medicine you're going to have a life expectancy varies similar to normal in china in contrast to the us. There's free hiv meds for anybody on who wants them but the big difference is that they're serious stigma attached to hiv So if if your employer finds out that your positive You could lose your job. You know people with hiv have a very difficult time getting married or having a stable relationship so impart the identity of the parents. They're trying to protect their identity because they don't people to find out about their hiv status at the same time. The scientific community really wants to study these three babies. And i was able to get some of the very first reports back. Not only about the the twins at birth But the third child so the twins were born by. C section again had a lot of problems at birth. The second birth. You know suggest that maybe other things are going on to the second. Birth was reportedly healthy. So it's it's very early days and it was a very complicated social scene that went on around this experiment and i think we have a lot to learn and you know really. The future of crisper depends on on what happens to these three children. You're listening to tech nation. I'm moyer again in my guest today. Is evan kirksey. An anthropologist and member of the institute for advanced study in princeton jersey is also an associate professor at deakin university in melbourne. You may have read his work and wired the atlantic or the guardian referenced for his insights such publications as the new york times and the bbc. He's here today with the mutant project inside the global race to genetically modify humans that we should say the doctor hey was subsequently sentenced to three years in prison for illegal medical practice. What was illegal about it. So there's a number of things where he bent and broke the law. So for starters. And this it'd be the chinese law this is china's law and so for starters There's there's clear guidelines saying that if there is a genetically modified human embryo you cannot implanted into a woman for pregnancy. So that's one clear law that he broke but that law is associated with licenses for clinics. It doesn't actually carry criminal penalties so he was charged with a statute in china that relates to medical malpractice and. Dr hut is a biophysicist. He's not a doctor. He'd never conducted clinical trial before He had medical doctors on his team. He had an embryologist. He had an endocrinologist the people who had experience doing. Ivf standard fertility treatments. Were part of the mix but none of them you know..
"deakin university" Discussed on KQED Radio
"American boarding school survivors like Jim Lovell, senior tell the same kinds of stories but south of the 49th parallel, there's no commission to examine the policies. Or collect archival records to preserve the history. These are historically milestone events. They can't be a just lightly and expected to be done throwing Raymond Frog nurse since Canada's commission collected more than five million records, he's the head of archives for the National Center for Truth and Reconciliation at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg. One of the successes was that the tears he did have a mandate from the Supreme Court to go and Request these records. One of the weaknesses was they were given a mandate to create is complete and historical record as possible. But that was never flesh tote. That definition was never explained Discoveries this month of hundreds of unmarked graves on the grounds of former residential schools in British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Have raised questions about how thorough the TRC once in investigating Canada's boarding school system. Frank nurse says the TRC did identify at least 400 unmarked grave sites across the country. But they quite literally ran out of resources back in the U. S. There's an effort this year to revive that bill that aims to establish an American commissions similar to Canada's One difference. Christine Dnd see, McCleave says reconciliation won't be part of the commission's title. Reconciliation is really a colonized term. Lot of people argue that we can't have reconciliation when things weren't conciliatory from the beginning. And so really, What we're looking for is first of all the truth. And in some form of justice, and then we can have healing this spring more than 200 people responded to a survey with recommendations on how to redraft the bill. They emphasize the need for long term funding and the importance of collecting the records that hold the truth about what took place in America's indigenous boarding schools. For the world. I'm Emily Schwing. Mm. In Australia. Almost half the population is again under lockdown. Another lockdown after a year of Australia strict zero tolerance policy to beat back the coronavirus. Catherine Bennett is a professor and chair of epidemiology at Deakin University in Australia. She joins us from Melbourne. So Catherine. For the past year, Australia has been largely successful at keeping Covid rates and Cova desk down with the zero tolerance approach just slightly over 30,000 cases Total, which is pretty remarkable, briefly explain what that approach has been. It started off with heavy suppression strategy. We we didn't want to overwhelm the hospitals. We wanted to try and keep infections under control. And so the effort really then went into making sure we closed our borders fast and early. And in doing so, you know, we had to then keep strengthening the borders because she would find weaknesses. Somehow the infection would cross into the community would have to work hard to contact trace, you know, isolate closed that down and so progressively over time we became better at it. We haven't got ideal quarantine facilities. We use hotels. Is around that, but we wound up putting such an investment into the borders. That then became the priority, you know, And so it actually moved from a suppression strategy to hold things at bay to prevent serious illness and death until we had the vaccine. If we could get a vaccine that's meant that is a proportion of the population who believes that we can just keep the borders closed. We'll just stay like this. And clearly these variants are not allowing that I mean it's striking. Only about 5% of Australians have been vaccinated, which is really low, given that Australia is a wealthy country with a fairly small population. Why is that? Is it hesitancy or do you not have enough vaccines? It's a combination of all of the above. We did go later than the rest of the world. We did have the privilege of time where we could wait till all the safety data was in in the first formal trial reports for the full six months And that gave us a chance to then go through our regular two processes in January this year. By the time we actually started the rollout, we had two main choices. Initially fighter where we did have a limited supply, but over time would Build, and we had AstraZeneca, which included some martial supply, but also we had the capacity to make that onshore. But then obviously the complications with those very rare side effects means well. If we've got the choice, they may try and focus our fighter for the younger adults where there's a lower risk. We actually rolled out through general practitioners in the community rather than mass vaccination centers, and we still had a problem with supply for quite some time, So we had a strategy which we started to roll out, but This sort of lack of sense of urgency and the complication in the rollout system and then some confusion around possible risks and and a lot of misinformation that's circulating out there. Actually, just, I think contributed to slowing this down further. I'm wondering if you think the zero tolerance policy was so successful that maybe that's also why people have been hesitant to get the vaccine. Like why do I need a vaccine? When there's very little covid here? That's right, And that's what we're hearing. And there are people that actually think closed. International borders just means you can't go on international holiday. But that's not what this is about. This is much larger than that, In terms of the impact of family separated people moving for work and study and a whole, you know, international enterprise and the more the rest of the world opens up. More obvious It will be that we're kind of isolated, and we haven't got ourselves into a position of preparedness, including our vaccination coverage to enable us to say, you know. Well, we'll join in, so it's a difficult time. I think it's made the sort of notion that we need to live with the virus down the track difficult for some people and something they prefer to avoid, and possibly in some ways worse than it needs to be. I think people know the seriousness of covid in other countries, and that's motivated them to be vaccinated. But here, a lot of the lockdowns reinforced this kind of, you know, fear of this virus and what it might do in the language that's often used to explain and to reinforce..
ABC Radio MELBOURNE
"deakin university" Discussed on ABC Radio MELBOURNE
"Our emergency departments, some describe it as the worst they've ever seen. What's going wrong. The world is rapidly shutting its doors as virus ravaged India pleads for mercy and help there's growing pressure on state and federal leaders to lift the ban on flights from India, with thousands of Australians trapped in the Corona virus stricken country. With hundreds of thousands of new covered cases in India daily on the country's health system crippled some Indian Australians are calling for special flights to bring their loved ones home, Stephanie Smale reports. Maybe such Deb's husband is in India caring for his elderly father. She says The situation is dire, with food shortages affecting many parts of the community. People are saying that you know you could have all the money in the world, but you may not be able to have a meal on your table. You know, $34 days down the track because there are no essential services open and there's only so much food that is stored at home. Maybe such, Dave says she and her husband have lived in Australia for more than 30 years and run a business in Melbourne. She's devastated that her husband can't get home. You cannot leave. Those people stuck without thinking off assisting them. So I think they should have special flights which go in and extradite the Australian people and bring them back and they should have their quarantine facilities up to scratch so that these people can come back to their families. Indian Australian lawyer Rita Mitra is more pragmatic about the decision to suspend flights from India today. The former school Adoration for the government here has to be how do we protect the quality of life and the people that are in the country? Especially now that you know most of our population is not vaccinated. Meet the balancing act. You can't have everyone coming back in order, but similarly, you can't block Italian citizens from coming back forever. Rita Metra's frustration is targeted at the Indian government, he argues, leaders played a role in the deadly escalation of coronavirus cases. By encouraging super spreader events you want. I think it's super spreader event is being and hence body in Byron Aura, the Sunday of the bowler when Koji, but we're talking about millions of people that was all supported, encourage and even boasted about by that government land. You know Narendra Modi, who's riding high after suppressing the first waves, and I think that the growing sense you mean the other. He's Now I'm willing to accept responsibility for the situation. The former Australian High Commissioner to India, John McCarthy, supports calls to extradite Australian citizens from India. He argues repatriation flights of the right thing to do and state government should take responsibility for providing safe quarantine when they get back. Frankly, I get the sense that sometimes were little bit precious. In the way that we look at our own responsibilities. I mean, we have maybe one or two cases and state governments get extremely alarmed. I can understand that. But I would have thought that a preparedness to find room along with the federal government for a few more Australian citizens coming back from overseas. Wouldn't have beans. Big Alaska's It appears to be as debate swells over getting Australians home. The country's covert 19 death toll is nearing 200,000. Indian authorities is struggling to supply enough oxygen or produce enough antiviral drugs for millions of coronavirus patients and seriously ill people are being turned away from hospitals. Australia and the World Health Organization trying to get oxygen ventilators to the regions that need the most with more equipment on the way from Europe. Stephanie Smale reporting With no flights allowed into Australia from India until at least mid May. The hotel currencies, Corentin system is likely to be under less pressure, so quote the next few weeks be an opportunity to hit races on that quarantine system. David Sparks joins me now, David Water experts saying about what this pause from India might mean for the hotel quarantine system. Well, Rachel, they're saying it gives the system a bit of breathing space for two main reasons. One is that the well, quite obviously, I guess the number of positive cases arriving into this train system will be reduced. Indian arrivals have produced the highest number of covert positive cases in the strain quarantine system recently, although not by a monumental margin has to be said Bangladesh, the United States and Pakistan of also being right up there in terms of the number of positive covered cases in hotel quarantine in Australia. The other big benefit that they do see from this pause in India rivals is it gives us traer a few more weeks to learn Maura about the new variants of covert 19 emerging in India. I spoke to Professor Katherine Bennett. She's the head of epidemiology at Deakin University. And she pointed out, I guess to put this in a comma context that, for example, in the New South Wales system Fewer than 1% of arrivals are turning out to be positive about at the moment. But what does worry her is that there is still really very little known about the new variants coming up in India. Concerned with India is not only are they contributing more positive cases, but that were also screening for this new double music variant, which they worried about and which might be associate it again with With more likely risk of transmission, and we've seen some recent reports with large numbers of people coming positive or flight. So there's a risk that if someone gets on a plane from India, they have these musicians. Strain that you can then expect to see even more people positive. So this pause just allows us to assess He's very into little further. We know little about it on go also to evaluate that risk, particularly in terms of what it might be bringing to Australia with flights on sale resume. That's Catherine. Professor. I should say Katherine Bennett from Deacon University and Rachel. She agrees that the authorities should treat this pause in flight from India as an opportunity to put in place some of the reforms to the hotel quarantine system. A lot of experts have been calling for. Yes. So let's talk about some of those changes. Are there any suggestions on the table? Well, the first thing, she says, is that she wants the states to be trying to be harder to learn from each other both in terms of what hasn't hasn't worked. But one area she wants improved is testing. She says that you know, people in the hotel quieting system should be tested at least four times during their 14 days. Staying quarantine that is more than some states are currently testing those people. She says, the most important reform that she's looking for, and we hear this echoed among other experts is around ventilation. Now, you might think, how can you rebuild the ventilation system that already exists in a hotel? But Katherine Bennett says. While you can't rebuild it, you can enhance out works. So when the crew did the resetting December they had selected the hotels that had at least adequate of installation and then ramped it up. By adding in extra turnover eternally fresh air intake and so on. Wisdom Australia. She went through a process of reviewing the hotels and recognized him cure wasn't up to standard and yet it was too long for that to be addressed, so that total shouldn't has been operating. Even when you've got The best hotels you confined in terms of installation, what they did in the last reset Victoria was actually investigated. Flow room to room. And she says understanding had held that ventilation works. For example, room to room is, she says in a specific health hotel allows better decisions to be made about how that hotels used. And Rachel Katherine Raynor also says more work is needed to make sure people he is being used correctly, and she suggests that no one should be using rooms in hotel quarantine. Next two families. Because the more infected people you have in one room, the greater chance of the infection spreading by air from that room. And David. While we're speaking about all this overseas travel, there's big news for Australia's Olympic and Paralympic teams, with the government deciding to give them access to covert 19 vaccines before the Tokyo Games in July. What do we know about how they'll quarantine when they come back? Well, what we know Rachel is that that hasn't been figured out. Yet. The Australian Olympic Committee's chief executive, Matt Carroll, has said that they're still discussing that matter with the government. We don't want to put a load on the hotel quarantining skin that what you might call the public system out of the state's main thing is to is to say fine hotels where we can quarantine the time because they start coming back. The rollers and the swimmers with Rover will be back. Before the runners, jumpers and troubles competing, so it's going to rolling process We were working our way through on the state governments again have been very understanding and supportive of how we can make this work. It's met Carol, the Australian Olympic Committee's chief executive, and before him, our reporter David Sparks. Reverend Tim Costello is the executive director of Mica, Australia, Coalition of Christian Aid and development agencies and the former head of World Vision Australia. He told me earlier he's being personally affected by the covert crisis in India. And his plays the Australian government is offering help. It has been on emotional time for May..
Between The Lines
New opportunity to boost Indonesia-Australia economic ties - The Jakarta Post
"Few international problems in the post world war. Two era have proved difficult for our nation as development of friendly policy towards indonesia. Just think about it. Jakarta's annexation of west papua in nine hundred sixty to the attempted coup d'etat and successful counter-coup by the indonesian army that was nineteen sixty five the invasion of as. Taymor seventy five. The dili massacre ninety. One the east team or mission in ninety nine. And who can forget the controversies over terror. Attacks live cadillacs bullpens successive wives of boatpeople this spying revelations and drug trade and of course those executions so has president jarkko daito or jacuzzi or jacoby as he's known has. His visit marked a new era in australia. Indonesia relations this week to cowie was only the second indonesian leader to address a joint sitting of parliament and he came to camera bearing a gift. He's approval of the trade deal between our two countries. Greg feely is associate professor of indonesian politics at the australian national university's college of asia and the pacific and diming kingsbury is professor international politics at deakin university in melbourne. greg damian. Welcome back to our in. Thank you now damien. Does that you kelly visit this week. Does that maka a dramatic breakthrough in australia. Indonesia relations look it's a really positive sign and it does mock an improvement in relations but i don think in itself comprises an entirely new relationship. It's just a step in the right direction. Okay so the the relationship still presumably dogged by bitterness and suspicion but it was obvious support and even warmth towards education from both sides of politics gregg fairly. Yes that's right i think The y.`all would characterize it is the jacobi visa was building on the breakthrough which is the comprehensive economic partnership agreement. That was signed early last year. And what saw with dakota's visa was. He's personal preparedness and preparedness. He's government to really put its white behind the agreement. I think a lot of people think the agreement in pie terms is very good but the question is canopy implemented properly. Can the red type be cleared away in indonesia. Can we persuade australian businesses to invest more Generously in indonesia and i think the jacoby visa guy very positive signs for that still a lot of things to done for that The potential of that agreement to be realized but it was really good. Move in that direction. Again it's been said that. The many lingering suspicions profile in jakarta indonesians still resent l leading role insecure in a team os independence because it was more than twenty years ago. Yes i think One of the ironies here he said indonesia now has very good relations with east t- more and he's teamer leaders Fighted in fact when i go to jakarta and the strata is still has this legacy of suspicion towards indonesia. I think you have to back. Partly in history this great saints vulnerability that Many asians feel that logic countries or large countries around them at trying to split up their country to conduct. Bulkin is it and the ace taymor. Even though he's team always not part of the original borders of the dutch colony. Die still feel that as team will confirmed that Other countries have these designs upon the country and upon its unity and after his team. More focusing shifted to papa. This strategy may still want to divide papua dining. You've written a lot about west papua and at the heart of the standoff in two thousand and six paul showed that something like seventy five percent of australian supported independence for the former dutch colony. This why the indonesians are uneasy about estrada's position. He certainly one of the issues in the makeup of mistrust and complexity in the relationship There's there's been longstanding depths in jakarta's to either strang government doesn't do more to acquire pro-separatist Sentiment in australia. They believe the particularly the ngo sector has played a role in stirring up separatist sentiment in west. Papua and there is Continuing concern that australia has too much of a focus particularly on eastern indonesia which is also the poorest part of the country. Well how then do we bridge. These divides greg. I mean to. What extent is this new free. Try deal. This is the so-called indonesia australia comprehensive economic partnership agreement. Ten years in the making to what extent does that he'll these divisions. I don't know that it heals the divisions poseidon. I think many of the the list of things you you sit out at the beginning of the interview. I think we have always had the potential. I knew things like that to occur but one of the consistently underperforming parts of the bilateral relationship has been the economic ties and so this comprehensive agreement will hopefully see much more economic activity between the two countries and that in itself might provide some kind of deepest ability but if the economic relationship expand by site thirty to forty percents in the next few years diamond. Wouldn't the free try deal really mocking important development for the relationship a look. There's no question that it's an important step in in in strengthening relationship. This guy is back to what gareth evans was talking about in the nineteen eighties. Where he said we needed to add ballast to the relationship unbalanced. He meant if we can get a strong economic relationship between australia and indonesia implies than the rest of it will follow behind because there will be a an upfront primary interest in preserving the economic relationship. And that's always been a difficulty. In the relations destroy and strength companies have invested in indonesia but not to a great extent. The head found difficulties. There this free trade agreement certainly opens up more opportunity for investments and tried but again and again as greg has alluded to. I think the question will be. How much strategies is to take out this opportunity and whether or not they say the the problems of doing business in indonesia over combat is free trade agreement whether or not there's going to be impediments to a greater degree of engagement. My guests greg. Feely from new in camera and damien. Kingsbury from deacon in melvin. And here's a little fun fact. This is according to the australian this week. It was chris. Bowen the library from benca podcast on iran and between the lines. It was chris bowen in his shirt who walked away the most chuffed with these brave. Jacoby interaction we he. The president complimented bowen's flawless fluency in indonesian. Little known fact chris. Bowen speaks indonesian now. A few years ago china's president she addressed indonesia's legislature to great fanfare. So the fees guy. Now what's the nature of the relationship now between jakarta and beijing greg. There's a lot of similarities between indonesia's relations with china and distributors Janis niger economic partner for indonesia. It's also niger investor in the country indonesia's increasing the Pot of china's belt and road initiative. So it's getting a lot of development money. These increasing penetration of lodge chinese corporations building infrastructure for example hospitalized row link between the capital jakarta and the regional capital abandon So there's a. There's a lot of economic activity happening and president. She has very good personal relationship with prisoner jacoby but they're also tensions. One of the tensions is chinese fishing boat incursions into indonesian territorial waters In near the south china sea in the name of the island of tuna and that causes a lot of angst in indonesia sometimes confrontation between Nio vessels of both countries. Another problem is a fairly high level of underwent lying suspicion towards the chinese in indonesia so this often bubbles politically to the surface in indonesia and people say that indonesia is at risk of losing some sovereignty to the chinese and so this is always a break for a leader. Such as jacoby who badly needs chinese investment and the development expertise if he saying as Ext doing that excessively will then he will be attacked for that. Well could chana's rise than i mean. It's obviously threatening. The integrity of sovereign states around the region diamond could could china's roz helped draw camera and jakarta even closer. Yes look there's been a discussion now going back several years in canberra about a closest security relationship within the news yet it seems to be a natural hartman in the region Geography i think determines that to a large extent but our strategic interests similar in relation to china about countries want to have a strong economic relationship with china We want to have china's investments and tried to sell into china but we also want to limit china's expansion in the region strategic rich particularly in the south china sea and In relation to them turner islands which is at the southwest of the south china saying there is neither lapping climbed by china and indonesia. And that's what to the tensions of mid january this year. What we're seeing though is. Indonesia is welcoming china roman hand but in terms of economic growth and development but in terms of china's growing strategic runyon ambition. There's a great deal of skepticism. I think in indonesia as the reason chinandega familiar story. Now let's turn finally gentlemen to indonesia internally. Let's get your reaction to something. The indonesian journalist. Julia sirak osama. This is what she told my. Rn colleague andrew west. This week joey. His record on democracy and human rights has declined and in fact now many activists think that not just activists observers think that democracy indonesia has lowest point in twenty years. It is ironic since when we had the reform era after suharto stepped down. That was supposed to be the beginning of democratization in indonesia but that has opened up a pandora's box and released all the traditional religious conservatives and mainly religious groups has sacrificed human rights. And what he says in a book phobia and intolerance for the sake. Offline call stability. Indonesian journalist julia sura kasama on iran's religion and ethics program. This week diming kingsbury. Look i think that Jacoby has moved in a couple of areas which have raised eyebrows. About his commitment to a plurality and human rights particular around the issues of religion and religious tolerance and so on. But broadly. I think jacoby is an inheritor of the reform tradition particularly that started by cecilia among indiana and that he really is deepening and embedding democratic practice. If we some limitations around the edges. Yeah well greg failure. I mean it's often argued that indonesia the fourth because nation in the world. We tend to forget that. It represents a persistent triumph of democracy this the nation journalists big for a lot of activists when she says that the indonesian ideal of tolerance really has been destroyed. So i think it's probably i'll i think she's somewhat. This is always a matter of the bites. Don't mean any disrespect to julius Sort of kasuma but Under jacoby in fact. Religious tolerance has somewhat improved on democracy. Some of the things that jacoby has initiated have really harmed the quality of democracy and there are several things that are being discussed by. he's government wrought now and by the parliament which if implemented could be a considerable reversal. He wouldn't stop indonesia being a democracy. But it would reduce the quality of the democracy greg damian and important discussion. Thanks so much again for being on our end