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21: Mission Accomplished
This is space time series. Twenty two episode twenty one for broadcast on the thirtieth of March twenty nineteen coming up on space time crew dragon to completes its maiden mission. How much does the Milky Way way and the new Chinese space station to fly this year? All that and more coming up on space time. Welcome to space time. We'd Stewart Gary. Spacex is crew dragon two splashdown safely and the North Atlantic Ocean successfully ending its first on man oval certification test flight, the demonstration one demo one flight is staying cold was launched just over a week earlier aboard a falcon nine rocket from wound complex thirty nine. A at the Kennedy Space Center on the Cape Canaveral air force station, Florida. The demo one mission flew to the international space station or Thomas docking with the orbiting outpost, Tommy module. The mission allowed engineers to check out. The new captures equipment under actual into end. In space. Flight conditions is part of the process needed to achieve human spaceflight, qualification, the tests included all ground and spacecraft systems, including dragons, avionics and communications systems. It's telemetry electrical guidance and navigation systems, it's control and propulsion systems and its environmental in life support systems the flight also monitored both internal and external. Loads vibration levels and acoustics after many attached to the space station for one hundred sixteen and a half hours captial, then autonomously undocked from the orbiting outpost moving to a safe holding position crew dragon to then took a series of maneuvers and five hours later undertook an all important twelve minute deorbit burn using it's eight super Drako thrust to the max to slow down and drop out of orbit dragging has performed its final departure burns from the international space station, and is on its way back home to us. Chase mission actually began back on March. Second wind dragon launched from Kennedy Space Center in Florida following that successful launch dragon arrived at the space station and docked with the orbiting lab on March. Third dragon's return to earth will Mark the third. Completion of SpaceX is I demonstrated mission for NASA commercial crew program while there are no astronauts on board dragon today. This demonstration mission represents an important milestone as we are our first crude mission later this year earlier today. Dragon powered up from sleep mode and began its departure procedures and system checks. That's right. Then the spacecraft autonomously undocked from the international space station at eleven thirty two PM Pacific time that begin series of departure burns to move away from the station. And I think we just heard trunk separation confirmation of the deorbit burn NASA airplane that were flying around that recovery zone there. WB Fifty-seven commonly used for a lot of atmospheric studies and other science missions. But able to put a tracking camera on it to try and get this reentry through the earth's atmosphere today, we're hearing that they should have a OS acquisition of signal back with the dragon spacecraft right now, it's about forty six kilometers in altitude quired signal about a minute head of when it was expected where we're going to be looking for those initial drogue chute deployments at about forty one minutes after the hours or going to be keeping an eye out. You're going to see the drogue chutes deploy initially followed by those four main. N- parachutes much larger enable the slow the vehicle down. This is dragon coming home the landing zone over the Atlantic about two hundred or so nautical miles off the coast of Florida and hearing we're now about twenty kilometers the dragon spacecraft continuing to descend it's now subsonic so early starting to slow down. Thanks to the Arab raking, basically slamming into that its atmosphere causes a lot of friction and allows the vehicle to eventually reach its terminal velocity, basically. And then those parachutes are going to kick it. Confirmation of deployment of patience. First team. Parachute. Deployments shoots through the initial slowing. And then there are ultimately gonna pull out before main parachutes responsible for really slowing the spacecraft down. Twin dayglo owns supersonic drag chutes would applaud after merging from the plasma blackout. So roughly twenty kilometres about the splashdown recovery area. They were followed minutes later by the full orange and white main shoots, which gently floated the now shod and staying captial to a perfect splashdown. The main thing. As more air. Getting down to the nation. And yes, all four shoots now deployed it's going to continue to descend it's going to continue to slow down. And then ultimately splashdown in the Atlantic. There were now under a collaborator in altitude everything continuing to look good. You reports to all the flight control teams. You're planning on splashing down at about five forty five AM Pacific, and we're getting real close to that. Bingo time, and we have confirmation that dragon is now under a hundred meters above the surface of the ocean to any by for splash him. Flesh down. Have to clean it. I it is now. The big thing out to the council now in recovery. That's town came right on time. Five forty five. Am. Civic, eight forty five over on the east coast teams that have been ready and waiting. They were see a few miles away. They're going to start moving in now to fast approach folks already feeding their way towards the capsule recovery. Vessels deployed in the splashdown zone from the go navigator recovery. Support fissile then race towards the captial quickly saving the bubbling spacecraft's volatile components. Shortly afterwards, the transport recovery. Vissel? Go search hosted the capsule aboard and returned to port Canaveral. Go search it we'll be SpaceX is prime recap show recovery vessel. It fitches a medical bay for a turning astronauts and a helipad for immediate return to shore. It's basics is current plans involve hosting the capture aboard goes so before opening the hatch and extracting the crew, but that'll peration took an hour in what we're real Tivoli. Come sees the company hopes to eventually get that down to less than half an hour. If. Further tests, including in-flight a bullet tests, which will not definitely take place in June is successful a two person crew were ride aboard. Dragon on second demonstration flight to the space station, most likely July, and if that proves successful regular crew transfer flights could begin before the end of the year and that important because they will finally end America's reliance on Russian Soyuz rockets to rate the space station in the process, signaling America's returned to launching people into all but off American soil, and that's something which hasn't happened. Since the moth bowling of the space shuttle fleet in July twenty eleven with the return to earth of Atlantis on STS one thirty five. You're listening to space time. I'm Stewart Gary. Okay. Let's take a break from show to talk about our sponsor Waco. Kiwi creates really cool hands on projects for kids. That makes learning about stink fun steam being Kiwi cares. Akron, emphasize, technology, engineering, art and math Kiwi. Co wants kids. They have the creative confidence the tackle problems with no one right answer. In fact, it's cares. Mission to empower kids not just to make a project but to make difference Kiwi co wants kids to become fearless innovators. And so that is on projects to help kids develop at ability to that end K K creates hands on projects for kids that are educational in a really cool way. Same time being a lot of fun when I know what I'm talking about. Because just between you and me I've been working on a Kiwi co project myself, let's because Katie co projects come in all ages from toddlers run through the people like me who were young at heart. So no matter what your child's age yours. You. You can be sure that the Kiwi project is just right for that stage of development and ole Keiko projects have been rigorously tested by kids just to make sure that they ride Kiwi. Coz a great way to spend some quality time with your kids. Giving the memories they'll cherish forever. And Kiwi code delivers convenience, absolutely everything. You will need to build that projects already in the box. They'll be no need for last minute trip to the store as a space time listener, we've got a special Kiwi co do for you. You have the chance to try Kiko for free to redeem this special offer and learn more about the products for kids advocates at hot visit Kiwi code dot com slash space time. That's k we code dot com slash space time and all include those details in the show notes and on our website. That's Kiwi coat dot com slash space-time. And now it's back to our show. This is space time with Stewart, Gary, and you study is determined that the Milky Way galaxy contains at least one and a half trillion times the methods sun, the new figures taking to account everything within one hundred twenty nine thousand light years of the galactic centre a based on data from this Hubble space telescope and the guy mission working at the mass of the Milky Way is one of the most fundamental, measurements storms can make a bad galactic home. However, despite decades of intensive it's even the best available. Estimates of the milky ways mass of disagreed widely previous estimates, which we've covered both on space time and its predecessors stash stuff gave meshes for the Milky Way ranging from five hundred billion to three trillion times, the mess of the sun this she Jones certainty as a recent primarily because of different methods being used for measuring the likely distribution of dot matter within our galaxy dunk met is important. We makes up some eighty percent of all a mess. The universe and even larger percentages around galaxies. The studies laid off the Laura Watkins from the European southern observatory says the problem is scientists simply can't take dot matter directly. And that's what's lit to the present uncertainty of the milky way's mass thing is you simply can't midge accurately. What you can't see. And although we know dark matter exists it appears invisible to us interacting only gravitationally with normal matter, given the elusive nature of doc matter which could make up to ninety percent of the mass of the Milky Way. Astronomers had to use a clever method of weighing the Milky Way which relied on measuring the velocities of globular clusters dense Ferrick bulls of ancient stars, which overran the galaxies outskirts globular clusters contain thousands to millions of tightly gravitationally bounced is which all originally born at the same time in the same. Collapsing. Molecular Gessen dust, cloud because of the great distances globular clusters allow astronomers to trace. The massive avast envelope of dark matter with surrounds out galaxy five beyond the spiral disk them will mess a galaxy. The faster it's cost as move onto the pull of gravity most previous measurements were recording. The speeds at which cost the was approaching or receding from earth. That is the velocity of the cluster along outline of site. However, this new work was able to also measure the sideways motion of classes and that allowed astronomers to determine h class this title velocity. And consequently, a better estimate of the galactic mask could be calculated. The total velocity of an object is made up of three motions aradio motion. Plus to defining the sideways, motions, the problem is in astronomy. Usually only line of sight velocities are available and with any wine competitor, the velocity viable eastern mated mess with depend really strongly on the assumptions for sideway motions. They measuring the sideways, motions directly significantly reduces. The size of the Airbus of the mass the authors. Rebelled? He's the second data released from the European Space Agency's guys spacecraft as the basis for they study guy was designed to create a precise three dimensional map of astronomical objects throughout the Milky Way and the track emotions across the sky. It's second data release as included measurements of globular Costa's as fire a sixty five thousand lives from earth because globular cost us extend at such great distances from the center, they considered the best traces astronomers can use to measure the mass of that. Galaxy the authors thing combined the Stater with the unparalleled sensitivity and observational legacy of Nashes Hubble space telescope the ups ovations from Hubble allowed scientists the seed beyond guy providing observations of faint and distant globular clusters as far as one hundred and thirty thousand light years from earth. These could then be further added to the study, and is how will the been observing some of these classes for a decade or more? It was possible to accurately trace the velocities as well. So by combining. Guys, measurements thirty four globular classes with measurements of twelve. More distant classes, by Hubble, astronomers could pin down the milky way's mass in a way, which would be impossible without these two telescopes until now not knowing the precise. Mass of the Milky Way is always presented a problem for attempts to answer or a lot of cosmological questions. The dark matter content of a galaxy and its distribution through that galaxy are intrinsically linked to the full mission in growth of stretches across the universe accurately. Determining the mass of the Milky Way gives us sternum as a clear understanding of where galaxy sits in a cosmological context. This is space time. I'm Stewart Gary. China's Shing one you said gency is reporting that Beijing will launch the co module of its new space station before the end of the year. The announcement comes almost exactly a year after the uncontrolled atmospheric. Reentry of China's first experimental space station the celestial palace or angle won the wildly out of control, spitting flaming wreckage to the space station, eventually crashed into the southern Pacific Ocean. Just northwest of Tahiti a second prototype space station Tian gong to was launched in September twenty six eight and it's expected to be the orbited hopefully under control later this year, the new Chinese space station, and we'll use a coal macho to be that as how many of the heavens. Oh, Tian he won which will provide guidance navigation and station, orientation control functions as well as life support and living quarters for up to three crew members the design of this core module, we'll be based on the designs of the Tian gong one and two space station. Nhs. In fact, Beijing so happy with the design. They have also been using it for the Jew heavenly vessel cargo ship. Beijing says the new orbital Alpers should be completed and operational by twenty twenty two the coal module is slated to launch aboard. The maiden flight of China's new long March five bay rocket from the one Chang satellite loan center on an island in the South China Sea. The Iran on five rockets. First loans for twenty nine thousand nine has placed to Tila communication, satellites into orbit Arianespace flight VA to forty seven blasted out. From the European Space Agency's spaceport in French Guyana carrying the Saudi geostationary satellite. One Hillis, set four and the Indian g set thirty one. Set cease sank got bought Duke. The. I do not yet. One local time and right on top. Mission listing off from the ground here in French again with a lot of fire carrying two new subtle. It's the to boost there's now providing ninety nine percent of our thrust propelling, the launcher along treasury at an ever higher velocity is a DO says all these working perfectly onboard are massive must off seven hundred and seventy five tons and to get that sort of weight off the ground, you need a lot of push and push. We have she's burning five tons of fuel. Every second that's two and a half tons per second burning in each booster. Plus the core stage burning another three hundred kilos of fuel again every second area and five is now following the program in the onboard computer, which gives all the orders, including stage separations, which we will soon see in less than a middle on it. Both owned open showing them the DO says all is working fine on board. We're in the first of four flight phases. As she heads east across the Atlantic right now. The first flight the single for stage engine the to boost our burning the boosters will each consume their two hundred and forty tonnes in just over two minutes in about twenty seconds. They will be extinguished, and they're the first to be jettisoned. And you'll hear that from the DO is first flight phase using both cryogenic cold fuel and storable help golfing certain vantage is over storable better and more precise performance and its Motors can be reignited there. We have right on time separation of the two. The DO confirms that they fall five hundred kilometers from shore into a protected area. French Guyana was in parked chosen ace for its opening on the water launches posing. No threat to the local population are out to toot approaching one hundred kilometers are speed. We've passed two kilometers per second. The speed we need for satellite separation roughly nine kilometers per sect runs from has come right on time separation given by two pyrotechnic systems one horizontal and one vertical their chords that actually remove the faring by small contained explosion. And we emphasize contained, of course, we can separate the faring. Now, the 'cause we are out of the dense layers of the atmosphere over one hundred kilometers up. Either friction or heating which could disturb the passengers also we can discard any deadweight Lynn possible to maximize the launchers performance faring ways two and a half ton. So it's good to get rid of it when we can the six thousand four hundred ninety five kilogram Saudi geostationary satellite. One halo set four. But was the first to be released about twenty seven minutes after launch. This is a joint mission between Saudi Arabia and our obsesed subsidiary Hella set, providing K you ban. Telecommunications coverage of Europe the Middle East and South Africa. It was followed fifty minutes later by the deployment of the two thousand five hundred and thirty six kilogram. Chase sat thirty one which was launched for the Indian Space Research organisation to provide additional KU ban said like indications for the subcontinent as well as being the first Iran five mission for the year. This flight also mocked the one hundred and third of roll around five mission and the seventieth mission using the heavy lift ACA version of the Iran five. Okay. Let's take a break from our show until about sponsor MOVA Globes. The rotating Globes powered by light using hidden, magnets and photovoltaic cells to provide the movement that means there are no batteries, no messy cords, and it doesn't cost you anything to run them. They're available in forty different designs, including world maps out of space themes, and famous works of odd last week. We were talking about a spectacular MOVA globe. Depicting the Tony and moon titan, which is cool for science dudes like me. But of course, not everyone's into science. I know it's difficult to believe about it's true. That's why mo- the gloves also have famous artworks and would maps. Now, there's this really great antique terrestrial globe of looking at. This is a wonderful work of art. It's a vintage Matt from the seventeen ninety s showing the three voyages of captain James Cook. And it demonstrates the data that the MOVA Globes design is trying to achieve for instance. There's no at actor on this globe. Because. James Cook didn't believe it existed at the time and this Riddick decline. Also present showing the sun's position for each day of the year this terrestrial globe. A great addition to any office, or home decor. And it'd be a real talking point to to see the full range and features and check out the product videos, just go to MOVA gloves dot com forward slash space time. And of course, we have a special offer for us based timeless Moos, you'll get ten percents off any Murphy Globes. Purchase by using our special URL. That's Globes dot com forward slash space time and into the coupon code space-time said chicken amount. Murphy Globes dot com slash space time and into the coupon code space time for your ten percent discount. And of course will include all the details in the show notes. And now it's back to the show. This is space time with student Gerry and time now to take a brief look at some of the other stories making news in science this week with a science report, the bureau of meteorology is officially declared the last three months as the hottest astray in summer on record. The findings are in line with global warming predictions, which also warned of increasing them as extreme weather events such as floods bushfires ongoing drought and persistent hate waves with the bureau climatologists, Dr limit Petillo says unprecedented heatwave events during December January played a major role in some of being a stray is warmest on record. She says there was a noticeable absence of strong cold fronts that would only bring relief during summer mainly as a result of persistent high pressure system sitting over the Tasman Sea blocking those fronts from impacting the south of the country, especially during January for the country as a whole it was also among the ten dry. Some is on record. In fact, only parts of northern Queensland and north western Victoria at above average rainfall for the summit period. Danny researchers found further evidence that the Maizels mumps rubella vaccination does not increase the risk of autism. The new research reported in the journals annals of internal medicine also found the vaccines, do not trigger autism even in more susceptible children. The nationwide study looked at old Danish kids born between nineteen ninety nine hundred twenty ten that's more than half a million in turtle eight found the vaccine does not increase the risk of autism evening kids with other autism risk factors or in kids with siblings who have autism. There was also no clustering of autism cases, falling vaccinations, the false claims linking autism to the animal vaccine based on a discredited. And now retracted study by former British doctor Andrew Wakefield, and accompanying editorial in the annals of internal medicine suggest this additional evidence still won't be enough to convince at vaccines, and that doctors should be using the approach to misinformation develop astray and experts in the day Bank. Handbook. A stem cell treatment is put an aids patients HIV into remission Machi, only the second case of HIV remission. However, a report in the journal nature cautions that although the patients now being in remission for eighteen months. It's still too early to say whether that patient has been cured of HIV ten years ago. Another patient simply known as the Bill impatient at his HIV Senate remission by a similar treatment. But numerous attempts to replicate that procedure who fell to work this second patient received a transplant of stem cells from a done with a genetic mutation that prevents the expression of an HIV receptor five at the moment. The only way to treat HIV is with medications that suppress the virus which people need to take for the rest of their lives will wide more than thirty seven million people and now living with HIV but only around fifty nine percent receiving anti retroviral treatments. That's mostly in western countries and drug. Resistant HIV is becoming a growing concern at the moment. Almost a million people are still dying every year from HIV related causes. Scientists have discovered an unusual example of rapid plant have Aleutian in action with confirmation that the South African beach days, he has drastically changed its appearance in the list than a century since that was first introduced into a stray Lia the findings reported in the proceedings of the Royal Society b show how much the plants changed since its introduction to a strategy in the nineteen thirties. Scientists from the university of New South Wales say win challenged by you, environment and way from its native habitat and herbivores the daisies undergone rapid evolution beach days. He was introduced to a stray Ilya from its native South Africa in the bid to prevent coastal Sanjay's from eroding. It's now a common sight along many sans Australia with its yellow flowers and distinctive silvery woolly leaves but rapid evolution could mean. Both good and bad. News shea, the plants level of change and under a century shows, how quickly species can become invasive, but the study also shows that science shouldn't underestimate the that the Bill. Of plants the rapidly changing conditions such as climate change. Well, since the arrival of the first British more than thirty years ago. Most Australians have issues that dingoes are simply a breed of wild dog. But now twenty leading scientists have confirmed that a new study that the dingo is actually unique strain species in its own right? The new findings provide further evidence of specific characteristics which differentiate fingers from domestic dogs feral dogs and other wall K, and it such as wolves foxes and coyotes the study's lead author Dr Bradley Smith from central Queensland University says little evidence exists to support the notion that any candidate at species are interchangeable with dingoes, despite the fact that most candidates can successfully into breed the studies co-authored professor Cory Bradshaw from Flinders university says the classification of Gingas serious consequences for the fragile ecosystems. They inhabit he says dingoes play a vital ecological role by out competing and displacing introduced predators. When diggers are left alone. There are a few of feral predators. Aiding Nettie Musseuw heels birds and lizards. We all know that psychics are con job. They prognostications of bogus. And that profession is a swindle which relies on the gal ability of people with that. Being the case. Why does so many people still believe in them? Despite all the evidence of the contrary. Tim Mendham from strand skeptics says it's a good question. Probably the number one question that skeptics was ask themselves is why people believe not so much what they believe. And that could be as well, but he had they and they wonder why people believe certain things or have a propensity to believe certain things, and the one thing you do find that about people who have a propensity to believe in the paranormal belief in different things almost in sequence. If I believe in thing, I particular climate sector and Wednesday bunker, I'll move onto claim be and playmate will just disappear entirely. It never happened and believe on the claim that nobody of under time say at so Inza propensity to believe rather than necessarily what they believe in. And I know people who believing everything going one of the reasons is that people feel now like, yeah, you panelists. Yes, I think that's probably the worst powerless about the world around that they have no control ever had the world we extra them. And the thing is the of that's true of most of volcanoes goes up you then when they have a little Pero every all government makes a decision. You don't have a lot of power to object. So that makes people very suspicious. Worried and I turn to other areas and sake panels must be 'cause fuck claimed to be a hundred percent accurate. I have a tap into the other world, and I can see very clearly where you can't. There are things that the sock excite which are impossible to validate because this are vague the evidence, I supply is very mixed very much people died actually look for evidence from socks anyway. I just listened to what they say, and sort of take it any further just to investigate obviously, there's a mindset of people act propensity to believe that people bring with them. And don't forget that everyone who goes to psyche almost entirely going they because they have a made to fill. And so when I go the already have commitments what's Oliver on last week tonight. I did and antics. What'd you say? That was that was a pretty good job, actually. And he was pointing at some of the tricks like excuse what it was called reading rating, right and cold reading is basically when you're reading buddy language on the spot use of trying to get some clues from someone has someone's reacting to you mean, you've never met puck rating is about someone you've already know about you've done the research on them or you met them before he many cases across clients. What have you? Recommended by clients who you might give you information and as shown all of those pointing at about some well-known, so I kicked including the I think he mentioned the Long Island psychic and will fill a who should say little Phillies. The young gentlemen who does. Well, that's psychic reading and told me. Yeah. And with the saying, obviously, as as you've just discussed able shine east that he apparently does research people surprised at how much people know that you when you would he'd sit on social media with I've seen in the lost. I I've had it exactly that that people would come to be fit. My sister is very much wrapped up in this cake who has told them all about themselves. It's like it could never done about all these things about themselves. And so I ask you a couple of questions Bellinger, Facebook, five minutes research shows that everything is like knew about his sister was already there. And you do the research not a look at the main thing how much people give away information about themselves on social media. And that's what John was talking about to minimum from strain skeptics. You're listening to space time. I'm Stewart Gary, and that's the show for now. You can subscribe and download space time is a free twice weekly podcast through apple podcast. I tunes Stitcher. Lots thought. Tom Puckett costs. Soundcloud YouTube audio boom from space time with Stewart Gary dot com. Oh from your favorite podcast. Download provider space times also broadcast coast to coast across the United States on sides three sixty radio by the National Science Foundation in Washington DC and available around the world on June in radio, if you want more space time check it out blog where you'll find all the stuff we couldn't fit in the show as well as loads of images me stories, videos and things on the web. I find interesting were amusing just go to space time with Stewart Gary dot tumbler dot com, that's all one word and in low a case, and that's tumbler without the you can also follow us on Twitter through at Stewart. Gary at space time with Stewart Gary on Instagram and on Facebook, just go to WWW dot Facebook dot com slash space time with Stewart. Gary space-time is brought to in collaboration with Australian sky and telescope magazine, you'll window on the universe. You've been listening to space toiling with Stewart. Gary this. Has been another quality podcast production from bites. Don't come.
SpaceTime with Stuart Gary
Aired 5 d ago 39:00
Computer Talk: Beto O'Rourke's Hacker History (3/16/19) - Part 1
Loosen to the forty eight hours podcast on demand real people real crimes real life drama, forty eight hours investigates. Most intriguing crime and Justice cases, investigators discovered Brown chained up like a dog and the girl Yellen. Propel CBS news is bringing investigative reporting. An impact journalism you have this toxic. Love triangles a crime that rocked. This upscale munity to forty eight hours podcasts case was a true who done it. Download and subscribe on the new radio dot com at or whatever else, you got your podcast. This is computer talk with ten hosted by Eric Semel of Tom computer system interact with Eric Ed his guest by phone at five to two WTI one eight hundred nine six six WTI see mail them in the studio at get help and Tavak dot com or get help anytime a computer talk with tab dot com. Now, here's Eric. And we are here this is computer chocolate tab. I'm Eric, and I'm Bob, and we're going to be here till eleven o'clock feel free to get on line. One eight hundred nine six six WDC five to WTI, and we will do our best to help you out with the computer problems comments questions and concerns, of course, you can follow us on the internet over at radio dot com. And you can get us via the stream you can also go via podcasting radio dot com. So if you ever to get online, if you're anywhere in the country, eight hundred nine six six WTI, and we love to rack up the phone Bill here w just kidding. It's toll free number. But no big deal. So let's get to some of the news there. Bob, one of the things that Bob came across. And he share with me this morning. I hadn't seen was I guess one of the candidates that are out there. Mr. Aurora was a hacker of black hat hacker. As it were. He was part of the cult of the dead cow. And this is a report from Reuters talking about Beto Aurora cts. Time in the cult of the dead cow and. They the collective was best known for its acts of hacktivism in the late nineties, and they developed hacking, tools that would hack into windows machines. And it cited as one of the sources that forced Microsoft to try to better secure its products, which they're still working on to this day, Microsoft is and it's not clear if ROY took part in any of the actual hacking. But he was it was most active in the group in the eighties. When it was mostly producing essays than hacking tools. So it's this kind of an interesting twist. It's on one side, obviously, he's not going to be some sort of evil hacker not really worrying about that. It's kind of nice if he does become any kind of political figure that he actually understands how computer works on his way too many folks in our congress now and even here in the state, I think are are quote unquote computers are as he's just a bureaucrat his cybersecurity. Czar doesn't have any hacking experience or IT experiences even use a probably and. You know, it's it's it's finally folks that guests that are in their mid forties. Which is I guess how old O'Rourke is. If you actually become a politician to think, he's thirty eight thirty eight I think so I don't think so he's six he's going to be the youngest candidate ever to run for president. I'll double check. But I think if it gets elected to be president. Yeah. I don't think he's that young. But the point is he's got IT experience, a technological experience. And there's too many folks in these in our legislators that do not know how to use systems or computers in this day and age, and they're making laws about them. You know, I think he might be just too eager to go out and spy on people him use the technology. Well, we donate a hack into people. I don't think he has an ethical problem with that. Well, I'm not advocating for him or against him is just an interesting tidbit that that this guy has some experience in a well. He he he he was he started as a teen. Posting online bulletin boards. After his dad brought home an apple two E and three hundred Baud modem in the nineteen eighty. Oh, yeah. Three hundred body. That's exactly right. Put them around my age. So I think he isn't that forty six range, and I want to find out. So yeah, that's pretty cool. Anyway, while you're looking that up. Yeah. He's he's forty six forty six. It makes more sense. So I was off by only eight years. Yeah. It's a big difference in like a kid in my view, forty six is the new thirty six anyways. That's true. That's an open. He looks young. Yeah. So we'll see what happens with him. He's part of the cult of the dead cow. All right. What do you get nitsa NHTSA? Yeah. Which is the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration may let control less vehicles on public roads report says control lists that doesn't sound control. That's no steering wheel. Oh, no breaks. No breaks. No brake pedal. Got you. Okay. So no, humans can touch the controls. No, no accelerator several companies have petitioned the regulatory agency organization for exemptions. Which includes jam by the way to current federal vehicle, safety standards. The car industry is spending money on itself. Driving cars. It's like it's going out of style and up until this point all of their development vehicles, fat control. So that a human driver can take over that might not always be the case though. And the US government is curious how the average American feels about that the average American steering wheel and brakes bet published Friday, by routers to that and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is opening up a period of public comment petitions by several self driving car, developers that are seeking exemptions from federal vehicle safety standards. For example, Kroger's little grocery delivery, pied producer neuro, and you are all lots to build this Atanas vehicles without a windshield. The car has no driver and no provision for driver. So a wind shield is an unnecessary unnecessary. However, federal vehicle guidelines mandate that we want exist. So there's nobody in the car to look out. But you gotta have a window. Oh, well, I think they just got rid of the buggy whip requirements recently here in Connecticut, we went driving illegally all these. Yeah. You need to have a buggy whip hanging onto your, you know, as part of your vehicle. Well, you know, you all those horses onto the second. So we've worked closely with nitsa and other regulators to make sure our technology complies with revelant laws and his position to deliver maximum benefit to our customers and their communities said Noor Representative in the statement to roadshow if approved this exemption will be notable responsible step toward realizing those goals. And we look forward to input from regulators and the public how deliver them General Motors. This is getting too good part. Yeah. There's also applying for exemptions. It wants to test self-driving cars on public roads with no hand or foot controls. This means no steering wheel. No brake pedal again, right? This would typically run a foul or federal standards, which require them. Right. GM had been hoping to get its control this cars on the road this year, but it has been approximately. Fifteen months since it submitted its request for temporary exemption vehicles. It says will be used as part of an undiminished ridesharing fleet. We're assuming they mean cruise automation taxi fleet we've heard about and that vehicle speeds will be limited. Neither GM their nitsa responded immediately to request. So in other words. I think we're the government wants to go is eventually outlaw cars. The only thing you can do or ride. Here's my problem with this. Okay. New technology tech tech typically does not include security provisions. And so let me see this guy. Trump. We got to get rid of him. Let's crash into the brick wall. Well, or off the cliff. You know, I I'm just saying example, you know, because somebody could hack in well, they're going to be controlled by computer. You don't even need to hack, and you just need to get the password to get the access to the system, and you just send them an Email saying, hey, what's your passer? No here. It is. Well, we'll see what happens Bob, I understand. I agree with you that the security is always the last thing after they outlawed the buggy whip and the windshield that they actually say you probably need to have security in these things. And this is my point about the regulators and the legislators that we have working for us. They don't think about these things because they don't know how the computer works. So you're right. I mean who knows what will happen with this? But I told him as vehicles are coming. I mean, we're not gonna need to pay for your car insurance anymore. You're not gonna have any car taxes anymore, which is going to blow up the budget here in Connecticut. You're not gonna have any of that going on because you're not gonna have to own think. No more Bank robberies because what Noma Bank robberies, really, you know. Why? No. 'cause the Robert won't be able to have a getaway car was they don't even need. Nobody uses cash anymore to the banks have money in their volts. Well, make robberies are going to be electric. So that's interesting. It's an interesting point of view there. We'll see what happens. I'm sure it's I don't mind I don't mind the idea of not having to buy a car in the future. I mean, we may it may be, you know, happening when our kids it won't happen with maybe. But if they don't have enough cars on a given day. Late to work because you couldn't get a Cairo because it was all and other people around it's going to plug in your consciousness and Navid show up at work. I don't know you're gonna plug into the reserve it all right in advance in advance. I need to have my car here at six thirty. So I can get to work. Yeah. Forget to cancel it on your vacation days. And you're you're sick days. Are you going to have to pay for it? Anyway, it'll be a subscription service in other news. The FCC is opening up an experimental spectrum of licenses for guess what not five G sixty. So before find. Geez. Even come out. We're ready to go for sixty now five G is going to promise massive speeds as far as communication speeds gigabit connectivity. Or even better than that. Which is great. If you really needed, you know, gigabit speeds, which we've already contended fifty megabits is probably all you need for home. But for connective, you know, these vehicles that Bob is talking about for connectivity of the network itself. A gigabit connection is nice. And that's what five G offers. I. Can't imagine what sixty is going to offer. Why bother even putting up the five G guys? Let's just skip right over and go to six basically, what this does it opens it up for research and development over the next ten years. Right. Well, that's true. They aren't really going to come out with anything sixty. And they're just getting ready now to schedule a meeting of the people that are going to talk about the standards and protocols that they need to develop in order to implement it. Right. So it looks like AT and T has turned on five G networks in about a dozen cities at the end of last year, and it plans to boost its coverage to twenty one cities. So it's coming also opened up some, and so has a T mobile T mobile. Yes. Yeah. Mobile's got thirty sits gonna launch an thirty cities and sprint is gonna launch and nine cities and twenty nineteen. So I mean, you can cut the cable. Yeah. As long as they don't charge a per megabit. But yeah. Cutting the cables coming I heard a rumor I haven't seen anything. But the Comcast is thinking about going into the wireless field. I wonder why that would be. Yeah. Well, they have they actually didn't they do offer a wireless service. But they're just probably piggybacking on the big the big areas. That's probably what it is at this point. So we got those articles you get two lines open for you guys. Eight hundred nine six six WNYC five to two WTI. See if you refer to get online. We'll do our best help you out of the computer problems comments questions and concerns, this is computer talk with tab. We'll be right back. And we are back. This is computer talk matab. We've got one line open for you eight hundred nine six six WTI five through to WNYC. We'll do our best help you out. Let's get right to your calls. When it go to Tom and canton morning, Tom. Good morning. Always enjoy your show. Thanks. And you're talking about the self-driving cars is things. The cars might have to interconnect with each other. Which means everybody will know where everybody is any given time, which is not always the best thing that society should want. Now arguing that. But yes, the cars will have to communicate with each other like think of them as little packets on the network now they would be packets on the heart on the on the highway and they'd have to stay keep themselves a proper distance and all that fun. So you think how much either would be to catch criminals because they might order Picard to down to the local pub and the police find out and he's in the car and redirect into the police station. That'd be perfect. I think there was a movie back in the sixties forget the guy who was a same guy in that French connect the French connection coach he's where he was carrying some kind of device. It didn't know what it was that people were tracking. You've got a smartphone in your pocket. I mean, you've already you're already tracked by the time. You're gonna have to go out. You're gonna have to go out and your support factor with all trying to and go to restore pretty soon. So everybody is where you're going. It was gonna be a steam punk society mixed with regular self driving cars that was Gene Hackman, by the way. Okay. I you know, what I'm saying. Is you can you kids jail. Get anybody or whip around people when they shouldn't which is you know. Yeah. It'll reduce the road rage. If they take out the windows, people don't even know. It's kinda sad. Like people can pretty much get most place where they want to. Really fast for the most part people still it's like somebody has to lose for you to be happy. It's like that whole scenario I want, but it must somebody loses. I'm not happy. So weird. It just recently heard about it's kind of depressing, but. They got a passion for no good reason. There's, you know, safe driving anyway, multi here, you man, we'll see what happens with self driving cars. I think it's in our future. Yeah. I think it's kinda crazy like they talk about these EMT events, and everything could you imagine every time the country crashing all of a sudden well or made it so yes. So I can see as glass glass half full vs half-empty. How about the car's not crashing anymore? Oh, well, that's a good point -absolutely. You know, I think that would be the better the better side of this is going to work now. I know we've seen tesla in their issues with their Thomas vehicles having issues with running into the back of fire trucks that are parked on the highway. It seems to be what they do. But at the technology eventually will get there and just imagine the massive savings. I mean, no more lawyers to deal with the car wrecks. This stuff could be already safety wise like every car for the most part is computer controlled. No matter how much horsepower there is the cars speed put be limited. But there's no public tastes for that. Even no matter what the speed limit is people want to go over it heard. I heard Angela talk about horsepower. On cars this more yesterday morning where they're putting in like, an eight hundred no thousand horsepower engine into this corvette. That actually destroys the differential or messes with the the gears that you the car falls apart or something like that. I mean, that's just. Angela. Having trouble with rear differentials exploding. That's right. But but that's because he's extra sticky tires. It's like something's gotta give kind of thing. Horsepower. Not that. You're welcome to had that good over Spar. But I don't want it on the road next to me they need to go back to the people going hundred miles an hour through traffic. That's the thing. That's that's the real issue. Yeah. It'd be nice to go. You know, I was always a speeder. But I never got a ticket because I would never speed around other cars people when they get behind the wheel they put their car and overdriving their brain neutral. Exactly, you're awesome drifting off somewhere else. But anyway, yeah, always trying to ask yourself. The problem is people depend on them and some other danger pops up, unfortunately. Case. Yeah. I always enjoyed your different topics. I was wondering did you ever look up the SDR radio? I was telling you a year ago, maybe a year ago. I can't remember yesterday. Tom the software. The software defined shortwave radio. I do I do think I did look that up. But I don't remember what I found out to go back to begin Tom. All right, this it's out there. But anyway, have a great show, and he's always like listening. Right. Thank you for doing. So. Yeah. I mean, the technology heck, you know, just to some of the stuff when it comes to technology encourages, the basic technology where you know, trying to save you from, you know, slipping on the snow sometimes that technology is more trouble than it's worth. I mean, but self-driving autonomous vehicles would end so many problems your insurance gone again lawyers going after everybody for a Fender bender gone. That's the nice thing. Speeding tickets gone. Wow. What are you topiary? Right. Bob. Yes. You have to wear no, more, human pain and suffering. Windshield repair gone because you just stick up a you're gonna have a screen in a camera. You don't even need an actual windshield anymore. You just have a nice beautiful four K display showing you where you're going with a nice camera, and it can be virtual you. So imagine how cool that would be to have a no glass, but LCD screen that tells you all the things you're passing it gives you all the information about all the places through a. Like, a you could be driving around the block for hours and think that you're on a Sunday cruise all the way to to get Niagara Falls. That's true. It could be a factor virtually Dr Naggar, then you get out like still home. All right. The future is going to be fun. Let's see what Danny's cooking aid any. Hey, guys. Hey, guys. I got a question about Google phone. I mean, Google voice, Google voice. Okay. The you get a phone number from Google. And then you give that number two people, and they call that number. Okay. Well, how do you re- did? Then does it automatically. Call your own phone number or do you have go to Google, and you could forward the the calls from Google voice to your own phone number. It's it's a voice over IP number. You get your own your own phone number. We're hitting up against the hard stop. You'd anyone? I hold onto the news. All right. We'll continue with Danny through the news. And we've got guy in building the line one line open for you feel free to get online and hundred nine six six WTI see five to two WTI. We'll be right back. Back. Do have a full board. You guys realized for a week nine o'clock. That's awesome. I know it's a beautiful day here in southern New England. So the tackle it early. Let's go right back to Danny. And went to find out what the heck is going to do with Google voice. So Danny what are you going to do is Google voice? Why do you need it? Things like those ancestry tests. And you know, a lot of things that you they wanna phone number. And I don't really want to give them my own phone number, even though I know. Everything about your DNA. Yeah. I was just wondering how that workout like also like if you had contractors thinking about doing some remodeling and. You know, you call them one time, and then they call you back fifty times I was wondering if he gave them a phone number. If you had that, and you gave them that phone number is that work like an old-fashioned answering service those. It'll be you'll have an answering. You have a message there for them to leave a message, and you can actually set Google voice to ring your cell phone to. Okay now. Does it send you an Email when somebody calls that? So you know to check it. You'll be notified. Yeah. You'll have some sort of notification. And it's free. And you know, nothing exciting are exotic. It's just a, you know, the reason I learnt just mostly for the contractors. You don't have a cell phone. I've got a like a fifteen year old, Motorola, flip phone with a little whip antenna that pulls out that stuck tape done. Who voice a workout for you for for what you wanna do. All right. All right. Hey, how about space x with the the last launch up to the space station with the the crew cab? So nice very exciting. Everybody's working against them though. Who's everybody? Well, Boeing and Lockheed Martin, you know, they're trying to keep him from getting certified before they do because they want their star liner to be the first one to carry, you know, men up to the space station, but they've had so so many delays than the Russians were reluctant. They were. They didn't wanna let 'em dot because they didn't think the automatic docking. Software was accurate, and they said the phrase, it'd be an accident, you know, 'cause they're getting money for giving everybody rise up. So they didn't want. I mean, they're all working against him. Well, he's gonna give themselves to. Yeah. Yuan has his issues. Thank thanks Bye-bye. Yeah. I'm excited about SpaceX. It's great and more the more than Mary and ask the competition. Yeah. So if you can stop your competitor's legally, let's go onto guy in west Hartford. Hey guy. Morning. What's going on a migrating from windows seven system to new windows ten system that works, and I don't want to sit there and and copy signatures, and PFC files and everything else. So well might have to but depends on what you guys from up with. What is there any kind of clothing off where we used to be able to connect the cable p between. Easy transfer cable, which was greatest thing since sliced bread and Microsoft. You can do a copy p well Microsoft did away with all that. So basically, we're back to doing it the way we did an XP. So yeah gonna. Daniel. Yeah. Yeah. There's no easy way to migrate that guy. So going from outlook two thousand or office two thousand thirteen to office three six five from gotta sit there in copy, the Khattak files of the PF files signatures and the filters. You can do the PS t- files. If you're doing that. If I I see mostly people with some sort of an exchange to a service, even if it's hosted in the cloud that works very well because it keeps the if you keeps it and everything gets updated. The only thing is is the auto auto fill. You gotta find that file and hopefully copy move it over and rename it into the new system. I don't I don't do the filters at some point. They gotta dig out of do it over. I mean, I could spend a day migrating client, and you know, just getting the data over and most of the stuff the more the more granular, you get the mortgage too expensive to to deal with all the little DO sink receives that are built I was actually meeting with another potential client who's internal IT people take three days to install their computer. Well if. Export import of. But if we did that for our client base, we'd be fired on the spot. They think we're supposed to do it in twenty minutes. And so, you know, there's a point where it's diminishing return. So, you know, you get some of that customization is going to be lost in the and the user will have to decide whether or not it's worth re customizing some of that stuff, but it's all manual again guy. And then some of the new features, you know, you really don't need everything from the old system. Right. So just data need to reinstall your apps and probably upgrade your app. So there's no there's no Microsoft didn't make it easier. This time. Offer which this week is the seven thirty seven max off where that's crashing nomination airplanes into the ground. Early on there there even before the crashes happened these people that were getting this auto pilot. They didn't know how to turn it off. So I think we're we're gonna find what these two airplanes is just my feeling is that the pilots weren't trained properly. It's not it's not that Boeing has a problem is that the airlines have a problem train their people to find the button that says turn off the auto pilot. I think you're gonna find now we'll see. But that's my prediction that the some of these guys had like just a couple of hundred hours of experience, they interviewed a former pilot who said that the manual was very sketchy on the part about the auto pilot sketchy. Then that's what he's that was what he said that we'd be Boeing's issue than helping with training. But I don't know you need to know where that button is to kill autopilot. Right. They want to rely on the, you know. Boeing designs for that. It's simple for the pilot to fly. But then maybe sometimes if you the airlines get a little lazy. They don't train the pilots, right? Start relying too much on the automatic software. And then something goes wrong. Like you've saying they don't know how to quickly shut it off and regain control the airplanes under duress, right? So they're maybe thinking that it's an autopilot issue. Which is what seems to be the case. But we'll see when all the chips fall where where the user. That's what scares me. Having an automobile with no steering wheel. Right rake peddling. Get federal. Exactly. So we'll see what happens guy. So good luck. All right. Thank you Bye-bye. But yeah, I've had some mixed feelings about this whole FAA. I mean, the FAA took forever to decide to quote unquote, ground these DC, I think if the president hadn't gotten involved that they wouldn't have very interesting, but we'll have to see what the black boxes say about. What was the cause of this this problem? But it's it's most likely as software things lash training thing probably there's probably a couple ability on both sides. But I think I think it's probably end up being more training. That's just my gut feeling. Let's go to Bill in Grammy. It's going on Bill. Hey, good morning. Good morning. Hey, I have several Iowa's devices in my house connected through a router that I have in the routers, got a safety access like it'll block devices trying to go out to malicious websites. Oh, good. And lately, I've been getting a lot of emails me the side to try to access and lately it's been going trying to go to something called that dash being dot com. And also something called go. Daddy. We'll go down to us a a major web host. They're completely legit. Yeah. They'd be registered in domain. Registrations. They do certificates. I mean, just about anything. But this the bat dot being is is a search tool. It's part of the Microsoft. I don't think it's malicious. But then again, it could be let's be clear about something being searches not a browser hijacker. Okay. So it's not malicious, but a lot of people want to remove it. So somehow, you selected somewhere in your system, you guys one of your users decided to use the the Bing search tool and a read erector that sends you to traffic that they want you to go to right. So my percents. The actual decided bat dash being is that's the same as being dot com. Well from what I'm seeing here. It's bad dot being. I haven't seen any bat dash being as being problems and everything talks about being just a normal waiver immuno Microsoft's trying to monetize your searches. Right. So somewhere in your in your on your on your network when your users decided to accept this browser helper. There's tool called Bing, search a search tool, and that's why you're your routers, saying, hey, this is what's going on? But it's not malicious, but it is a redirect or so. Yeah. Well, I would call it malicious when it sends you where they want you to go rather than where you wanna go. Right. Right. Right. And. They entice you into clicking on it by you know, like making themselves. Look, very close to something. Some software that you know, like bang or Google or something like that. Right. So. Yeah. But I don't see any bad. Dash do you see any bat? Dash only see bad Di do Nuys all bet that Bing dot com. Yeah. So I don't think you have anything to worry about too much. But you wanna go on all your workstations? Go see if if the Bing search bar is part of their browser experience. Okay. You have to know be try devices. So just go into the the the browsers that we use on those devices. Yeah. One of them is probably been tricked into this being search bar of some kind, but I can put the weekend, but some links up here for you. It is it is people see it as Mauer. But all these maller removal folks are saying it's not it's not malware, which it's not so okay. Just annoying. It's a redirect her. Yeah. Browser re-director. Okay. Well, I really just want enough. It was something more militia. So that that answers the question. I don't think so. And you've got some security going on there, which is good. Yeah. Very good. All right. Thanks very much. You got it. You know by I will step out for a quick break. Paul. Ralph in Walton on one line open for you. This is computer talk with tab. We're gonna beard eleven o'clock so feel free to give online. We'll be right back. And we are back. You spirit of the radio of all the songs about radio is the best song talking about radio. Rush there for you. Plus get right to your calls. You've got Ralph in Newington who's got some issues going on Ralph. One probably you're just one thousand times when I mitt mess your show when I started her just starting to talk about I have malware. Yeah. And the the. Came up once or twice on when I'm programs, and I opened up about an update, and I always get y-. You know, leery of these pop ups like that. So I laid off doing it. I did it the other day when I had time to watch and see what was going on seems to do. Okay. But then I noticed when I went to start up my reprogram and everything in the mornings it take like a while for to do. I did a skin right after I had uploaded the new program. How do you tell whether these are intruders or something that's valid to download when a pop up like that. Is there any particular way, you can tell? Not something you'd wanted to would wanna follow me may not be talking about pop ups. You got windows ten correct. Okay. But plan which I'm looking update after the show actually because I was thinking of the notifications down in the corner that race getting the way where these these pop ups happening Ralph that's what I'm talking lower right corners where those are notifications. Those could be legit. Okay. Okay. He may not have Maur. Well, I bought them out later years. You get a lot more those, and you can turn he said he bought the mount where you didn't buy mount you didn't buy Maui. You bought malware bytes? You mean you bought tools to alleviate now where right, right? Okay. Okay. So you're you are you using Google Chrome as your web browser. That's what I started to hear you talking with somebody maybe one or two weeks ago when I had I had a break off was he was having a problem. I think something would is printer or something or. Sure. Those notifications. You're getting if you go up into the settings and go into advanced under Google Chrome. You can turn off the notification. So because I had to turn them off because I worked down in the in the task area the task bar area, quite a lot and those things jump right in your way and take focus away from whatever you're doing when they pop up. So if you go into Google you going under the settings the three little dots. Go down to advanced you can scroll down until you get to notifications and turn it off. And you'll find that you have a lot less of those things popping up because everything that comes on at like news or whatever when you're browsing with Google Chrome. Those notifications will show you right in your face. But Ralf are you saying that your Maui are bite software that you purchased is popping up telling you to do something. That's what's happening down below. When this is a mellower. I don't know if it says, but it says new update download ready or something like that. And that's okay. I mean, you want to update your your your virus software, your mail or software a regular basis. And that's that's a good thing. I mean, the fact that they gotta tell you can get annoying. But it's the right. If it's if it's a legitimate tool that you have it's okay. To update it. I remember, I don't know what it was ninety eight or the one version after that. I remember getting a was like a drop down up in the middle or in the top of the screen, and it was looked like a Microsoft thing. And it said download and I got a virus. He's been livery since then. Say it again, are you running open DNS? I don't know what that means. You're probably not. So if you're not using open DNS to actually get on the internet. You're much more apt to get viruses and Mauer's. So if you go to our website at computer, talk with tab dot com, the name of the show dot com, which also works. We will have a link up there explaining with open DNS is and what it is. You're going to be surfing on a safer internet. You're not going to be on your internet providers internet, which is the wild wild west of Gordon where you want you're going to be on in nice clean. Save internet. That's going to not allow you to go to militias sites and that will reduce your your troubles, my friend by ninety five percent. I got three boys in our house, and they would love to go to bat places. But our tool doesn't allow them to do. So and we have not been impacted by Mauer ever since one example, I gave about the time I had a couple of glasses of merlot and my son into to do a book report on like Japanese baseball players, and then are blocking tool open DNS was not allowing him to go there. I reduced the security and instantly. I hit with our that's the last time we've been. Facebook or anything like those? I think come in my through my Email. I can I take a look at it. And I usually blow them away. I don't even try open those things and I don't surf though that I use chrome. I think to go out on the web whenever I want to look at a product or something like that. And I'm always full to watch usually come in through my an e Email category. And I I watch when it's gets to the point after enduring reading Email click here, and that's when I usually decide well, I don't need to see anymore, and I'm out. Outwear has been coming up at the like it does cleaning and stuff almost daily. I guess. It comes up and gives me, you know, right after I turn on the machine, it'll give me an awesome. You know? Everything's cleaned. Right. You've got a tool called now bites. I think and it's running and is doing his job. You're good. All right L. Let me ask you one more question. I start up the machine or actually when I shut down I go. You know, I bring up the the bottom similar for the beach ball. Like, you know, you click over to the right or a move over to the right and the shutdown. I always use that you are. I have been I noticed the last week when I started checking stuff, there's a little arrow tunnel to the right of that. And it actually had pops up a little thing this shutdown. Log offer some other stuff reason I'm asking about it. I always just clicked over to it the first time, and it says shut down or whatever it says on the bottom. Everything is the turn it off when I open it up in the morning. It seems too low twice. That's because if you hit the little button without the arrows, you can shut it down without installing the updates. But you'll see is like a little orange thing on there. And that's what it's doing is. It's installing updates right? So looks like it's happening twice. But you're doing it right by just shutting it down. What you're doing ramp is perfect. All right. Wait for it to go through the second thing. And then my my Mauer's green symbol like comes on at that point in the first time when all all the cons and on the window. Right. It's updating. So I think you're good. Ralph thing is just a slower machine. It's white seems like twice you gotta go to a hard break. But thank you for calling. This is computer talk matab. We're going to be at eleven o'clock. We'll be right back tonight on sixty minutes minutes, the centerpiece of major broadcasts on world of it. Sixty minutes gives you the biggest headlines at best storytelling on TV and now on your schedule. 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Computer Talk with TAB
Aired 6 months ago 33:23
78: Evidence for a third Magellanic Cloud - SpaceTime with Stuart Gary Series 21 Episode 78
This is firefighter Raphael poor yet for firehouse subs, introducing the new firehouse pub stakes up with savory steak, crispy, fried onions, and a rich Belgian beer cheese sauce on tap for a limited time order. Yours at firehouse subs dot com. Today, remember a portion of every sub you buy helps by lifesaving equipment for I responded, firehouse subs, joy, more subs, save more lives, limited time, only plus tax participating locations. Firehouse subs donate a minimum one million dollars in two thousand eighteen firehouse subs, public safety foundation by donating point one, three percents every purchase. This is space time series, twenty one episode seventy eight for broadcast on the third of October twenty eight eighteen coming up on space-time evidence for third match Eleni cloud astronomers spot spock's planet Vulcan and Brown dwarves getting even more mysterious all that and more coming up on space time. Welcome to space tired. We'd Stewart Gary. A new study suggests that two of the closest galaxies to the Milky Way. The largest small match Linnet clouds may have had a third galactic companion. The findings reported in the journal monthly notices of the Royal astronomical society based on richer grade motions of a group of stars within the lodge. Matchel any cloud, the large and small match Lennick clouds a to dwarf galaxies clearly visible in the southern night skies to the unaided eye. The lodge match Alantic cloud is about one hundred and sixty thousand light years away making it one of our nearest collecting knives. Well, the small match Lennick cloudy is only slightly further away at around two hundred thousand light is the study's lead author, Benjamin Armstrong from the international center for radio, astronomy, research, and the university of wisdom. Australia says, the observations suggest another galaxy was likely engulfed by the lodge matchel and it cloud sometime around three to five billion years ago. Most of the stars in the matchel and cloud. Rotate clockwise. Around the galactic center, but unusually there's a population of stars which rotate anti clockwise. Now, astronomers originally thought that they stars might have come from its companion, galaxy the small magic cloud. There's a gravitational tidal stream of staz linking the two and then extending from them onto the Milky Way, the find out what's going on. I'm strong and colleagues use computer modelling dissimulate possible. Galactic merger scenarios, the ICTY being they stars may well have come from a past merger with another galaxy. The authors found emerging event resulting in strong Catera tation after the merger takes place, and this simulation was consistent with Stiller observations made the findings could also explained other observations which have perplexed the strongest for years, namely, why stars in the lodge Mitchell and it cloud a generally the very old or very young that problems based on vacations of stock losses, which usually contain large populations of stars originally formed at the same. Time from the same molecular Gessen dust cloud in the Milky Way they stock lost is they're all very old, but in the lodge Mitchell and it cloud astronomers of Saint birth, very old and very young stock classes bit nothing in between. And that suggests that something's happened during the evolution of the lodge Mitchell and it cloud, which is triggered a fresh round of starburst. I'm strong says the galactic merger could hope explain both the age gap problem and why the lodge Madge Lennick cloud a piece to have a thick disc. He says, while the work still very preliminary, it does suggest that the sort of process could have been responsible for the thicket disk in the past clouds, quite unusual, galaxy somewhat Bev properties that Milky Way on galaxy doesn't shed indie lodge. Majority cloud unusual features at that Desi operation of stuff that doesn't seem to be doing all the stuff that doing. So whether he lodged cloud, moving clockwise, these dogs moving anti clockwise. What do you put that down? So it was reaching these talk. These stars had come so much on the cloud, but the judge at the spending doesn't really make sense of occurred. So all right. Yeah, these these times would have logically come from a different galaxy though since then merged with lush cloud or eaten. That's because when we look at galaxies, we know that grow through process of merging or cannibalization. In fact, right now, there are still a streams meddling bridges between the small and large clouds and between the metal and the clouds and the Milky Way. So we know this process is going on. We can look at star trials within our own galaxy stars. They're travelling at different velocities even in different directions compared to surrounding sties, and that's caused because our galaxy has been consuming, starts from other galaxies and that sort of what you're seeing and you'll computer simulations of the LLC. Yeah, we can even have mentioned things like, imagine Lennick ridge and the stream. They're all very direct evidence. They can see the sky, all of these sort of interaction having. Claire. So if you think relations, we can be produced many of these features, but these simulations require different sort of interaction that would create these counterfeiting stunts so thrust relations. We've shown that you need a different kind of interaction to create the styles. We'd see him be lodge, like without room, we look at at the large and small nights clouds. We see they were once little spiral galaxies that they madly disrupted and everyone thought that was because, well, they so close to the Milky Way. The milky way's gravitational pull would have deterred them that. I guess if there was a third galaxy involved that would also explain it, wouldn't it very possible? We certainly not the imagine what it cloud have been interacting each other for quite some time, and I'd be Milky Way is a relative newcomer directions. So yeah, that is not just taking place in the past. It could very much explain some of the unusual things we do seem. Bench on a cloud. For example, b lodgements a cloud has a quite unusually Fiqh galactic disk that should probably wouldn't expect to see. And it's kind of balancing who has a oscillations have shown that this kind of merging process. I mean, throws ten calls a sticking dissed so it does help us explain teaching that we couldn't otherwise understand when we look at the any clouds and their relationship with the Milky Way. This being in the past, a lot of debate in the community as to whether they're actually said, let delicacies of the Milky Way, whether they just sort of side swatting says, they go along their own way of now, being caught up in the milky way's gravity will if they are just caught up recently, then this could will be they first close passed by the Milky Way and depending on the age of when they close encounter began. If these other stars that seemed to have different properties to those of the rest of the stars in the clouds, you could be at a date that then, yeah, you know, for a long time, we did think that the clouds were interacting with the Milky Way south all. They history, but in gloss curious, well, leading, Siri has been the currently undergoing this past. So we thought knowledge in mind. We can look at ease different starts to essentially look back at the history on the mental and clouds, and from that we can piece together seven fact about them such as when this merging must have occurred, what this means for the actual small and large cloud themselves. And then we can also you do sort of Intuit mation about what must have meant when they started interacting QA itself because it's important to know how galaxy directly the other because the Milky Way and about three point, seven billion years from now is about to be doubled up on even bigger galaxy Khuda Andromeda is that he won definitely. It's a really important, particularly for the largest John club to understand them as many details possible because they're so close to us. And so they make for the best way to actually understand how galaxies change over time. So essentially, sort of like a great laboratory for galaxy evolution. So by studying the lodge. And the clouds you get to study things in a different way. Yeah, it's it's based me is the best way we can have a really detailed look at what real galaxy interruption actually resulted. We can studied got that are really distant, but it tends to be modulated clouds detail. We get is so much more than just about anything else. So that's where we all series of how galaxies change how they interact. And that's where the tests and they're so easy to see too because the only other major galaxy that's interacting with the Milky Way right now is the secretary stool, and it's on the other side of the galaxy. It's hard to see everything in the way. Yeah, they're really ideal for that, but it's Benjamin Armstrong from the international center for radio strana me research and the university of wisdom ustralia and this is space time. I'm Stewart, Gary. This journalists have spotted a planet orbiting the staff forty ever Danny a, that's the same style Jane Roddenberry wrote about in the Star Trek science fiction saga as being the host staff for mister spock's home planet Vulcan for those who aren't familiar with Star Trek. And I can't believe that anyone listening who's not spock's of the science officer aboard, the stash Interprise whose mission was to boldly go where no man had gone before and seek out strange new worlds. A report in the monthly notices. The role, Esther normal society describes the newly discovered Exo planet as being roughly twice the size of earth and orbiting just inside its stars habitable zone with a forty two day period located just sixteen light years away. HD twenty-six ninety six, five forty. Originally a is a spectral type k orange dwarf star only slightly less massive and cooler than the sun. It's around the same age as the sun between four and five billion. Years old and has a ten point. One earthy magnetic cycle nearly identical to the sons eleven point six year solar cycle. The other two stars in the system forty eridani billion see are binary, composed of a white dwarf and a spectral type m red dwarf Lister. Just as importantly, the newly discovered a planet is the nearest super earth orbiting us unlike style, it was discovered as part of the of planetary survey using the dedicated fifty inch Tennessee State university telescope at the mount limit observatory in southern Arizona. One of the study's authors yen g from the university of Florida says the discovery shows how high cadence high precision radio velocity. Observations can play a key role in the discovery of earth-like planets in the habitable zones around nearby sties. The habitable Goldilocks zone is sometimes cold is region around us style with temperatures are not too hot, not to call, but just right for liquid water to pool on the surface. Of a terrestrial world under the right atmospheric conditions. Liquid water, of course, is essential for life as we know it. One of the studies co-authors, Gregory Henry from Tennessee State university says, mister spock's home world. Vulcan was connected to forty era. Danny a in the publication Star Trek to by James Bush and Star Trek maps by Jif may nod. Furthermore, in the letter published in sky and telescope magazine back in July nineteen Ninety-one. Star Trek created Jane Rudd and burying colleagues confirmed the identification of forty era. Danny as falcons has done at the time. They wrote that the forty era, Danny star system is composed of three stones. Volkan obits the primary star forty or a day and the two companion stars with gleam brilliantly, the Vulcan sky. The studies laid off of Burma also from the university of Florida says, unlike the host of most at planets, discovered so far, forty era Danny can be seen with the unaided eye. So on a clear night, you can't point out sparks if you're a big enough geek that is, and yes, I am. So just looked towards the constellation era Danis and we've included a met in the space time tumbler blog. I'm Stewart, Gary. This is space time. The sternum is a scratching their heads about the distinction between Brown wolves and true stas after discovering a Brown dwarf that's file brighter than it should be for it. Size Brown tools, a failed stars. They formed in the same way as normal stars, but they done accumulate enough mass to sustain the co nuclear fusion process which makes us shine. Instead they fill the gap between the largest planets and the smallest stars Brown dwarfs have a similar damn at Jupiter, the largest punnet in solar system, and they between about thirteen and sixty five times -tupid as mess. Or if you prefer below zero point, zero, eight, solar masses wall, they can't fuse proteome hydrogen. They can't fuse another form of hydrogen deterioration as well as lithium and we'll some start. They loves his Brown tools. Others thought the start out with enough mass to begin life as spectral type m red dwarf stars. However, they then go onto lose enough mass during their evolution to cease. Oh, hydrogen fusion, turning them from red dwarfs into Brown dwarfs at least that's the hypothesis. But what makes these objects? So mysterious is that a stolen really had very little true understanding about how they evolve over time. The sternum is based there hypothetical models of Brown will formation evolution a mob survey ships of these objects and these models require independently determine masses, radii, luminosity in ages. The problem is a sternum is yet to get old for these parameters for a single Brown dwarf. One of these k. parameters is usually either missing or it's been calculated using other models rather than direct observations and all this results in significant uncertainties now a report in the ester, physical journalists concluded that a recently discovered Brown wolf cataloged as c. WW eighty nine b doesn't fit the parameters. See WW Eighty-nine AB was discovered last year by necessary platoon mission. It was found opening a distant likes. John in the Rupa shea one, four, seven open star cluster about a thousand light years away in the constellation secretaries using transits in radio velocities. The authors determine its radius at about zero point nine, four Jupiter radii and a mass of about thirty seven times that of Jupiter being dispersed open star cluster allowed astronomers to extremely accurately and precisely determine its age. By looking at the main sequence tune of other stars in the cluster. It turned out to be about two point five to three point, two, five billion years old. The authors venues NASA Spitzer space telescope to observe the Brown wool passing behind it, still a companion, a process, known as secondary clips. The dip of the eclipse represents how much light from the Brown dwarf is being blocked out by the sunlight star. Surprisingly, they found that c WW eighty nine a. b. is some sixteen times more luminous than it should be based on predictions from Evelyn remodels. This means. Brightness, temperature of around one thousand seven hundred Kelvin despite Brown wolf evolution muddles suggesting it should be closer to eight hundred and fifty Kelvin. The authors thought the over luminosity or temperature difference could be caused by the nearby main sequence star hating up the Brown dwarf, making it hotter. And thus more luminous than models predicted. However, calculation show that even if the Browns wolf absorbed all the stellar radiation, it was receiving from the neighboring star and kept all that hate just on the side facing this dot without transporting any of it to the other side, it's still wouldn't reach the temperatures being observed. Also hotter Brown tool would mean a lodger Brown dwarf, and that would match the radius versions observed something else must be making seed WW eighty nine aby brighter while still keeping it at its observed size. Another possibility is a temperature inversion. The Brown dwarfs atmosphere in which the temperature goes up as the altitude increases, and the pressure decreases similar effects can be seen in earth's atmosphere. Stratosphere and also in classes of exit planets, hot Jupiters, which will be very close into their her stars, however, hot Jupiters with temperature inversions have temperatures higher than two thousand kill thin. That's far greater than the one thousand seven hundred Kelvin observed on c. WW Eighty-nine AB. So that's probably not at either a third possibility is it the Brown dwarf features an overabundance of cabin compared to oxygen and its composition? If so, it wouldn't be able to radiated internal heat away, but would still be able to absorb large amounts of hate from its parents down. And this would make its upper atmosphere much hotter than models predict. Of course, there's always the possibility that sciences muddles Brown dwarfs to simply too imprecise all that they missing important information. The oath is now hoping to undertake more survey shins of this mysterious Brown dwarf, but that's a job which may need improve capabilities of the yet to be launched. James Webb space telescope, and that's now not expected to fly any earlier than much. Thirty twenty twenty one depending on the valuation testing. You'll listening to space-time. I'm Stewart. Jerry. Space boss. Elon Musk is announced plans to fly a space tourists to the moon forty two year old, Japanese billionaire an online fashion tycoon news article, Missouri has paid an undisclosed amount to fly himself in selected bunch of companions on space. X proposed new BFI rocket. Missouri describes himself as a patron of the arts, and he wants to take between six and eight artists with him, including painters, sculptors photographers writers, fashion designers an architect. I am from. My name is use that my Finally, I can tell you that I choose to go to the, I don't ride being alone. So I want to share these experiences and the things we have many people as possible. So that is why I do go to the moon. We. Happy. I choose to invite artists from around the world on my Janney, including shingle orbit of the moon. The journey should take about a week. The journey dwarfs the seven multi-millionaire space, tourists who serve flown aboard, Russian Soyuz rockets to the international space station, including one a win twice SpaceX, founder, Elon Musk space x. The reason for creating SpaceX was to accelerate the advent of humanity becoming a spacefaring civilization to help advance rockets technology to a point where we could potentially become a multi planet species and truth base bearing civilization. So as we consider the fossil record, the history of civilization, it's important to bear in mind like there could be some natural event or some manmade event that end civilization has been in life as we know it. And so it's important that we tried to become a Muslim civilization extent life beyond earth and to do so as quickly as we can that window. Obscurity may be open for a long time or it may be open for a short time, but we should not assume that is open for a long time. We should take action and become a multi tenant civilization as soon as possible that that's kind of like the defensive reason wondering do to have the size. It's multi planetary nuts, single planet. But somewhere else we want to become a multi civilization have life on on Mars moon bay Venus, the moon's Jupiter throughout the solar system, and then ultimately extend life beyond the solar system to other star systems. I think that's the future. That's incredibly exciting. The moon fly slated for twenty twenty three. We'll use space, sixes proposed next generation super heavy, lift rocket the bay, which we're told stance with big falcon rocket. Musk's use the space tourist announcement to also unveil the latest designs for the bef. At one hundred nineteen meters the vehicle which is designed for interplanetary transport. We'll be twelve minutes toll of them previously envisaged the two stage reusable launch vehicle will be able to carry one hundred ton payload into orbit. The system also includes specialist ground infrastructure for rapid launch in relaunch as will zero gravity, propellant transferred technology designed for deployment in low with all of it. I'm like Elia designs. The upper stage now features steerable Kennard's as well as to remounted radio adjustable wings, which also act as landing legs. Third landing leg which looks like vertical stabiliser but has no actual aero-dynamics function. The nine Mehta diamond obey Vaa. We use seven cryogenic Maitha locks fueled raptor rocket Motors, which have been under development since twenty twelve in ten years from twenty rockets barely making it to over to world's biggest rocket by far with reusable Bruce stages and sending a car Mars. So it's an update on. So far, tell the design the production sign. It be a afar is different in some important ways. From what I presented about a year ago. Overall, it is a one hundred eighteen meters long. The payload is so similar. It's about one hundred metric tons, actually, technically metric, tonnes, all the way tomorrow's because of local refueling also sign table. Take one hundred tons only to these citizen Mars maybe Cirrus. But if you have a propellant depot on Mars, you able get from ours to the asteroid belt. Two moons of Jupiter, like planet moon hub all the way to the outer solar system. So beer for is really intended as an interplanetary transport system that's capable of getting from earth to anywhere in the solar system as you establish propellant depots along the way. So we've increased the payload section to be over a thousand cubic meters. I think it'll probably end up being probably something around eleven hundred cubic meters. There are forward actuated, fins and rear actuated. Fins the way that be afar flies is. Counter-intuitive. If you apply sort of normal intuition, it will not make sense. There's the two Ford actuated flaps, and then there are two rare actuated wings bins or flaps. They're exactly compatible to anything else out there, but you kind of want you kind of went four control surfaces to be able to control the Bickel through a wide ranging atmospheric densities and blessed us. So the way it operates, his kind of more like a skydiver than an aircraft almost the entire time when it's reentering it is just trying to break as just trying to stop. So it's it's doing everything. It can to shed velocity while distributing that force over the most amount of soaps area possible. So two of the three or fins actuate, they're like giant wings actually quite an enormous amount of force to move those wings sort of in the mega Newton pass of force. Third of been await winglike structure is actually does not actuate and it is not a vertical stabiliser as may appear. It is actually just a leg. So during the lusty portion of entry, it's in the league of the wind, and it really doesn't have any Eric namic purpose. And it's really just a leg. It looks the same as the other ones for purposes of the cemetery. And then obviously, if your landing on the moon, you don't need any Arab democ surfaces at all because you just there's no, there's no air. You just need thrusters. So next the next steps with be afar or we're, we're going to build it or we all building it to be four is nine meters in diameter. It's really quite enormous to both the first cylinder section of the bef afar prototype, and we'll be building the the domes and the engine section soon. And then this is the raptor engine that will power be afar both the the ship and the booster. It's the same engine, and this is a proximate -ly a two hundred ton thrust engine that's aiming for roughly three hundred bar or three hundred atmosphere, chamber pressure. And depending upon if you haven't at high expense ratio has the potential to the impulse about three hundred eighty and it's a stage combo. Russian full flow gas gas for those are interested in technical details. Yeah. So this is the trajectory. So we'll take off have booster separation going to parking over its do a translator injection fly around the moon, and then come back and land and should take basically about four or five days. We'll do a bunch of test launches without any people on board before having people on board to their will. That's it's going to be very important to test this vehicle thoroughly before putting anyone on onboard. Eventually the will replace space x existing falcon nine and falcon heavy launch vehicles as well as the dragon spacecraft initially AMI at the earth launch market, but also adding substantial capability to support long duration. Spaceflight on both Luna and mass missions. And this is space time. I'm Stewart, Gary. Sally beauty is new all in one hair-color kits, make it easy to color your hair at home, get everything you need to color for putatively radiant results loved by professionals, open to everyone. Sally beauty. And turn. That'd take a brief look at some of the other stories, making news inside this week with a science report. And you study recommends limiting children's recreational screen time to list than two hours a day. The findings reported in the Lancet medical journal also recommends that eight to eleven year olds have between nine and eleven hours of sleep a night, and at least an hour of daily physical activity researches found only one in twenty US children mitt, all free recommended guidelines. They found that on average children, spin three and a half hours, watching screens for entertainment, which displaces sleep or other cognitively challenging activities which may interrupt the stress recovery cycle needed for growth. And you study warns that the immune systems of killer whales, as well as their ability to reproduce are at extreme risk due to contamination of polychlorinated biphenyls or pay CB's despite their being nearly global ban in the chemicals for thirty years. PCB's with chemicals commonly used in electron IX. Now a report in the journal science wounds that the ongoing pay CB threat effects more than half of the world's orcas. It says that over the next hundred years, whale populations near industrialized regions and those at the top of the food chain, our at a high risk of population. Collapse. Well, the United Nations, Atomic Energy Agency couldn't find them so is rarely Prime Minister. Benjamin Netanyahu is exposed Iran's top sacred Nikolay away house. It turns out it's in the very hot of Tehran. These rarely prime minister also disclosed the location of three illegal rain. Missile factories in Beirut Netanyahu provided the corroborating evidence to the United Nations. General assembly, giving the coordinates and warning that these limit Republic is now dispersing fifteen kilograms of radioactive material throughout Tehran. In order to hide it from you and atomic weapons inspectors, the United Nations. General assembly was told this evidence proves Tehran has not abandoned its nuclear weapons program and Shipley hiding. It gets with told that sacred atomic warehouse is being used for storing massive amounts of quick material from Iran's sacred nuclear weapons program. Paleontologist discovered an older relative. The Brontosaurus theropod dinosaur in South Africa, a report in the journal. Current biology says the fossils of the twelve ton two hundred million year old behemoth well on earth on a farm on the border of South Africa and Sota. They say the gigantic hub of will was one of the first four legged Sarah pods, but it had yet built the elephant like legs exhibited by most out of the Sarah pods. Syrup pods as dinosaurs with elephant, like bodies and legs are very long, neck and small head at one end and a long tail of the other just think of Dana from the Flintstones. The new dinosaur is be named leader, mighty my foodie, which means giant thunderclap at dawn in the Africans. Soto language. This being another major security breach at Facebook with the social media giant confirming that more than fifty million profiles, including that of the company's boss. Mark Zuckerberg of Bain hat, hackers have exploited a fault that affected the US feature, which lets people say what their profiles look like to someone else. The tech giant was forced to log out of a ninety million accounts to help resolve the issue with the details with joined by Alexandra Royd from IT why there was a vulnerability in the view as that allow people to upload a happy birthday via and some have access to these tokens, and he's tokens were like little ks that allowed you to love Becky without having to Raeside in every single time. And the head is rival to Hannah size and then Bryk into people's accounts and take the migrant colluding Motsak bug and his sister shell Sambat and Facebook. I announced that it was fifty million. Then they said, look, we've reset the titans on total of ninety million accounts, but the clear lesson to be learned from here. And the interesting thing is this hack was detected a year. A year ago over a year ago taken a long time to figure this out, and they saw a surge in his view as tippety which took them off. So I say into realize something was now what it shows is that you shouldn't using your Facebook blogging to log into online services because there's also a worry that people were able to use these digital tycoons to log into other online services that authenticated by your face profusion. I've been password will buy Facebook digital token. So it's a bad idea to use your Google Twitter, Facebook to log into other sites. You should use username and password that he's separate. This basically attached to your Email and also you reconsider whether you need to use Facebook little because they have a long history of security breaches, and they started taking seriously yet problems. Keep having anything Facebook than us about right now. The issue with fake news is still a big one. Facebook say they're working on it, but I haven't done much well, look, I mean the the problem is that it's it's had for for Facebook to have announced within that is trying to stop people from sharing content. We one of the things that happened with Facebook's. Own data breach was the gentlest putting up stories about Facebook dot abrasion, Facebook algorithm sang all we think this is potentially fake news, funny, funny that, yeah. Now you've got vice book, you know, working with both the democratic and Republican Institute. Now these oganizations are only loosely aligned with the actual organization themselves. But look Facebook is trying to make sure that it's website is not a conduit for fake news, and we've seen how foreign entities have manipulated people into thinking that certain posts about President Trump or any number of things. We're coming from people in the sites when though being sponsored allegedly by the Russians or other people. So it's an ongoing fight in probably the lesson to be learned here is done, get your news from Facebook, get it from real media sources where in theory, those guys have reputation. But then of course, you've got the real media sources that are being alleged to be doing fact news themselves. You really have to read widely and use your best judgment. It's a long, long held fact that don't believe everything. Beaten it. And yet people are still full all the time. There's a sucker born every minute. As I say ESPN Biden was right in that report by Alexander of ROY from IT y, you're listening to space time. I'm Stewart, Gary, and that's the show for now you can subscribe and download space time is a free twice weekly podcast through apple podcast. I tunes stitch-up dot com. Pocket costs soundcloud. YouTube audio, boom from space time with Stewart, Gary dot com. All from your favorite podcast, download provider space times, also broadcast coast to coast across the United States on science, three sixty radio by the National Science Foundation in Washington DC and available around the world on tune in radio. If you want more space time, checking our blog, where you'll find all the stuff we couldn't fit in the show as well as loads of images, me stories, videos, and things on the web. I find interesting or amusing just go to space time with Stewart, Gary dot tumbler dot com. That's all one word and in lower case, and that's tumbler without the. You can also follow us on Twitter through. Ex-. Jewett, Gary at space time with Stewart, Gary on Instagram and on Facebook. Just go to WWW dot Facebook dot com. Slash space time with Stewart, Gary space-time is brought to in collaboration with Australian sky and telescope magazine. You'll window on the universe. You being listening to space telling me to Gary. This is being another quality podcast production from bites dot com. Sally beauties new all in one hair-color kits, make it easy to color your hair at home, get everything you need to color for putatively radiant results loved by professionals, open to everyone. Sally beauty.
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