3 Episode results for "Confederation Of Native American"
"Hello from Wonder Media Network. I'm Jenny Kaplan and this is encyclopedia. Will Monica are women of the day was a great warrior and leader of the Shawnee tribe. Who deftly let her people through a time of great change and turmoil? Let's talk about non Halama. We don't know the details Of when non Helena was born but it was around the seventeen twenty s probably in western Pennsylvania. We also don't know much about her childhood besides the fact that that she seems to have come from a prominent family from the Shawnee tribe non Halama story really picks up in the late seventeen fifties during the period of the French in Indian war by that point she and her brother known as Hook Alaska or corn stock. We're living in the Ohio valley the Shawnee had moved there under a pressure by increasing white settlement corn stalk become a prominent shawnee chief and warrior as a quick reminder. The French and an Indian war was the North American portion of a larger war called the seven years war in North America. British and French colonists fought as each side attempted to further expand in their sphere of influence. Native people also took sides. The British basically one like other sibling duos in native history corn stock and non Halama lead together during peace and war for example at the battle of bushy run in seventeen sixty four non Halama lead warriors warriors alongside her brother. That battle was part of what's known as pontiacs rebellion a fight between native Americans and the British who were hot off their victory in the French and Indian war. When rumblings of revolution began to take hold across polly's cornstarch and non Halama decided that the best strategic move for the Shawnee people would would be to support the American settlers over the British? This was a risky move. Considering the perceived military might of the British Horn Ornstein was assassinated in seventeen seventy seven but non Halama state the course with the support of her husband Mulugeta who was also a prominent leader and warrior when non Halama learned that some Shawny had traveled to join the British at Fort. Detroit she responded by rushing to warn the Americans of this development she disguised too revolutionary soldiers traditional Shawny garb so that they travel undisturbed for Donnelly to warn of the impending attack. Those Shawnee who had allied themselves with the British destroyed. Non Halima's cattle as payback non Helena and her people move to escape further trouble but her work for the Americans wasn't over in seventeen. Eighty non halama guided and translate it for Augustine Dila bomb a French ex PAT soldier who was tasked asked with leading a major campaign against British troops. And what's now Illinois. Sadly not Halima's loyalty was not rewarded. In seventeen eighty six non Halama and her husband will loofah. Both elderly by this point were captured in yet. Another war the northwest Indian war. That conflict was between a Confederation of Native American tribes with the support of the British begins the new United States though the Americans who captured assured non Halama and Milan were initially ordered not to harm them. One of the men you mcgarry felt differently. mcgarry asked Melinda if he'd been at the battle the blue licks blue didn't understand the question but repeated battle of Blue Licks mcgarry took that his confirmation and killed Milun Tho- with a Tomahawk Non Halama tried to protect Milun thaw and was injured herself before. Another man tackled mccarey non. John Halama was then taken to Fort Pitt and held there while there. She helped compile a dictionary of Shawnee words and their meanings in English. She died soon. Even after her release non Halama lived an extraordinary life as the world around her change dramatically. She married three times CBS twice before her final marriage to Melinda and she also had sons with two white men a son named Thomas with the British Indian agent Alexander McKee and a son named to Mantha. With an American officer named General Richard Butler Samantha also became a great warrior this week of Encyclopedias. LUPITA with Monica is brought to you by the great courses plus is drive to learn something new every day. I'm guessing if you're listening to this show. You feel the same way. That's why I'm so excited to tell you about the great courses plus their online streaming service thousands of lectures on a huge number of topics. It's like going back to school without tests. Though I'm sure you're trivia skills will got a boost in the spirit of this episode. I highly recommend the chorus native peoples of North America to learn more about the revolutionary war from the native perspective. Right now encyclopedia will Manica listeners. Can get a free month of unlimited access sign up today at the great courses plus dot com slash encyclopedia. That's the great courses plus dot com slash encyclopedia as always. We'll be taking a break for the weekend to on Monday for the story of another leader special. Thanks to Liz. Caplan favorite sister and co-creator talking on Monday.
St. Clair's Defeat - Nov. 4, 1791
"When you're trying to hire somebody. It's all about finding the right person for the role. And so it's great to post your position somewhere that has an engaged community of people that are visiting really often and a place like that is linked in a lot of Lincoln members aren't really actively looking for a job. But they're opens new opportunities and a lot of the US workforce is on linked in. So a new hire is made every ten seconds using Lincoln head to Lincoln dot com slash t d I h c for fifty dollars off your first job post. That's linked in dot com slash T. D H C to get fifty dollars off your first job post. Terms and conditions apply. Welcome to this day in history class from how Steph works dot com. And from the desk of stuff you missed in history class. It's the show where we explore the past one day at a time with a quick look at what happened today in history. Hello and welcome to the podcast, I'm Tracy v Wilson. And it's November fourth a confederation of native American tribes massively defeated the United States. Army on this day in seventeen ninety one that happened in a battle known as Saint Clair's defeat, which is also called the battle of the thousand slain. So this followed the end of the revolutionary war and the passage of the northwest ordinance that passage happened on July thirteenth of seventeen eighty seven. So at this point a lot of Americans are moving west into this newly designated northwest territory, and even though the northwest ordinance had been really clear in calling for how it dealt with indigenous peoples that was supposed to happen, quote with the utmost good faith that wasn't was happening at all. Instead a series of unfair treaties really favored United States interests over native interests. It also became really. Clear among the native peoples who were living in what was now the northwest territory that they would never be able to preserve their own rights by dealing with the United States government on a one on one basis with every tribe and every nation dealing with the United States individually. So they started forming a confederacy it wasn't new at all for indigenous tribes and peoples to form a confederacy like this. This was something that happened a lot of times in history. This particular confederacy was known as the northwest confederacy or the Wabash confederacy or the Miami confederacy in seventeen eighty eight. Arthur Saint Clair was appointed the governor of the northwest territory and one of his task was drafting a new treaty that would encompass all of the native peoples in the area, but unbeknownst to these same people's he had also been tasked with pitting them against one another to try to break up their bargaining power after a series of negotiations. Saint Clair and native representatives signed two different treaties. They were both signed in January of seventeen eighty nine. And these two treaties were meant to drive a wedge between the peoples who signed each of them. And then on top of that on top of the fact that he's treaties had been created to to work them against each other the peoples who lived farther to the west on the territory, most of them refused to acknowledge the treaty or to sign it. They said that it had been negotiated without their consent. And they were having no part of it. One of the nation's that refused to sign this treaty was the Miami. And they had a lot of influence in that part of the continent because a lot of refugees from other indigenous nations had settled near the Miami capital picky Yanga, but in seventeen ninety a United States army patrol found a body that had been shot with both bullets and EROs and settlers in the area. Started calling for some kind of solution to what they called the. Indian problem so general desire Parmar started a mission to destroy Miami villages in response to this incident. They burned down several villages that were actually mostly abandoned. But they also contained a lot of stored food. They at the same time there were goaded into chasing, a native force into an ambush and the generals foresaw heavy casualties. A series of military engagements followed this with the United States increasing the size of the army to try to fight the native peoples in the northwest territory. Saint Clair was finally put into command of a force of about two thousand men, and they started making their way toward khaki Yanga in September of seventeen ninety one. They had some native scouts with them. But these scouts weren't actually local to the area. They didn't really know it's terrain or it's peoples. So their ability to help the army was actually kinda limited and this whole time. Saint Clair was being observed and monitored by the people who. Actually did live there while having no effective reconnaissance of his own then on November fourth a native force attacked Saint Clair's while it was encamped along the Wabash river, the western confederacies force, which is led by little turtle of the Miami and blue jacket of the shawny surrounded the United States army and started fighting them mostly from the cover of trees. The United States force was defeated in a battle that lasted about four hours and then in their retreat the US army had to abandon unin Norma cement of gear including two forges. Multiple teams of oxen, fully loaded pack animals, hence wealth hundred muskets and bayonets and all the tools that they had been using to clear the trail and Bill bridges as they'd been on this mission. Among the army force. There were nine hundred eighteen killed and two hundred seventy six wounded and this force represented so much of the United States army's total that that was nearly. Half of the country's fighting force killed or injured in this one battle, you can learn more about this battle and its aftermath in the eighteenth. Twenty fifteen episode of Steffi missed in history class, thanks to Casey p Graham at Chandler maze. For their audio work on the show, and you can subscribe to this day in history class on apple podcast, Google podcasts. And wherever else can get your podcast, you can tune in tomorrow for another of this month's congressional firsts. I'm Katie golden. I studied psychology and evolutionary biology at Harvard, and I pretend to be a bird on Twitter in my new podcast creature feature. We've you nature in men from a new perspective each episode Eskin comedian to get inside the minds of animals, so we can explore the startling connections to human psychology, you'll find blood bands and treachery that make game of thrones seemed like a dumb show for babies. Join this every Wednesday and subscribe on apple podcasts or on the iheartradio app or wherever you if you cast.
St. Clair's Defeat / First nationally televised presidential debate in the U.S. - November 4
"Today's episode is brought to you by oxy clean. So i went on a backpacking trip that other weekend. As per usual. I ended up with a bunch of smelly close at the end of it but i use oxy clean odor blasters load of laundry before i did it. It was super easy. And i came out with some super fresh smelling clothes. You've got to try oxy clean odor blasters for yourself to work your magic with oxy clean go to oxy dot com slash. Try me an order of free sample. That's oxy clean dot com slash t. r. y. m. e. for a free odor blaster sample while supplies last support. For this podcast comes. From fidelity investments introducing fidelity rewards plus for wealth management once enrolled. You can earn up to three percent unlimited cashback on credit card purchases and other exclusive benefits. Learn more at fidelity dot com slash rewards fidelity rewards plus offers three tiers of membership benefits increasing as eligible assets increase in order to receive three percent cashback cardmembers must qualify for the highest here fidelity brokerage services. Llc member nyse sipc. Hey y'all were rerunning episodes today. Which means that you'll hear to host me and tracy. V wilson. Enjoy the show. Welcome to this day in history class. From how stuff works dot com and from the desk of stuff. You missed in history class. It's the show where we explore the past one day at a time with a quick look at what happened today in history. Hello and welcome to the podcast. I'm tracy v wilson and it's november fourth a confederation of native american tribes massively defeated the united states army on this day in seventeen ninety one. That happened in a battle known as saint clair's defeat which is also called the battle of the thousand slain. So this followed the end of the revolutionary war in the passage of the northwest ordinance. That passage happened on july thirteenth of seventeen eighty seven so at this point a lot of americans are moving west into this newly designated northwest territory and even though the northwest ordinance had been really clear in calling for how it dealt with indigenous peoples that was supposed to happen quote with the utmost good faith. That wasn't what was happening at all instead. A series of unfair treaties really favored united states interests over native interests. It also became really clear among the native peoples who were living in what was now the northwest territory that they would never be able to preserve their own rights by dealing with the united states government on a one on one basis with every tribe and every nation dealing with the united states individually so they started forming a confederacy. it wasn't new at all for indigenous tribes and peoples to form confederacy like this. This was something that happened a lot of times in history. This particular confederacy was known as the northwest confederacy or the wabash confederacy or the miami confederacy in seventeen. Eighty eight arthur. Saint clair was appointed. The governor of the northwest territory and one of his task was eating a new treaty that would encompass all of the native peoples in the area but unbeknownst to these same people's he had also been tasked with putting them one another to try to break up their bargaining power after a series of negotiations saint clair and native representatives signed two different treaties. They were both signed january of seventeen eighty nine and these two treaties were meant to drive a wedge between the peoples who signed each of them and then on top of that on top of the fact he's treaties had been created to to work them against each other the peoples who lived farther to the west on the territory most of them refuse to acknowledge the treaty or to sign it. They said that it had been negotiated without their consent and they were having no part of it. One of the nation's that refused to sign this treaty was the miami and they had a lot of influence in that part of the continent because a lot of refugees from other indigenous nations had settled near the miami capital. Pick yanga that in seventeen ninety. A united states army patrol found a body that had been shot with both bullets and and settlers in the area started calling for some kind of solution to what they called the indian problem. So general desire parmar started a mission to destroy miami villages in response to this incident. They burned down several villages that were actually mostly abandoned but they also contained a lot of stored food. They at the same time there were goaded into chasing a native force into an ambush and the generals foresaw heavy casualties a series of military engagements followed this with the united states increasing the size of the army to try to fight the native peoples in the northwest territory. Saint clair was finally put in command of a force of about two thousand men and they started making their way toward kanga in september of seventeen ninety one. They had some native scouts with them. But these scouts weren't actually local to the area. They didn't really know it's terrain or it's people's so their ability to help the army was actually kinda limited and this whole time. Saint clair was being observed and monitored by the people who actually did live there while having no effective reconnaissance of his own then november fourth. A native force attacked saint. Clair's while it was encamped along the wabash river the western confederacies force. Which is led by little turtle of the miami and blue jacket of the shawny surrounded the united states army and started fighting them mostly from the cover of trees. The united states force was defeated in a battle that lasted about four hours and then in their retreat. The us army had to abandon unin. Enormous amount of gear including two forges. Multiple teams of oxen fully loaded pack animals hence twelve hundred muskets and bayonets and all the tools that they had been using to clear the trail and build bridges as they've been on this mission. Among the army force there were nine hundred eighteen killed and two hundred and seventy six wounded and this force represented so much of the united states army's total that that was nearly half of the country's fighting force killed or injured in this one battle. You can learn more about this battle. And its aftermath in the november eighteenth twenty-five episode of steffi missed in history class thanks to casey pyramid chandler maze for their audio work on the show. And you can subscribe to this day in history class on apple. Podcasts google podcasts and wherever else can get your podcast you can tune in tomorrow for another of this month congressional first. Hi i'm katie. Lowes host of the podcast. Katie's crib with a big dose of empathy. And an even bigger dose of humor. Katie script keeps things real while providing an indispensable guide for parents trying to find their way whether it's baby number one or number four. Here's one of my favorite moments from the show presented by dove beauty bar. Glennon doyle i was seeing on your instagram. Your daughter was kind of twisting the beautiful lessons. She's been taught in her life. What was what was it. He said. I know that i should be grateful. But i also know that you can be grateful and off and demand what you know you deserve in this time in place. It's more important than ever for women to say what they deserve. I deserve airpods is what she said. Mika switch to wti bar today and get more from your soap and check out of pd scrape every thursday. Hideous group is available on iheartradio app podcasts. Or wherever you get your podcasts. Hey there it's mango host part time. Genius co founder mental flaws. And like many of you. I'm one of the twenty one million people that have picked up gardening in the past six months. That's why i'm hosting the brand new podcast. Humans growing stuff brought to you by iheartmedia and your friends at miracle. Gro it'll be the most human podcast about plants you'll ever listen to. I've actually been thinking about that a lot. How like in this groundhog day. These plants are kind of this tangible measure of time. I love that you're thinking about that too. Their proof of life like we're all being held hostage in these plants. Are there the markings on the door. Frame that show that time is passing their continuing to live and probably somehow showing us how to. We would slow down enough to pay attention. I'm not quite there yet. I listen to humans growing stuff on the iheartradio app apple podcasts. Or wherever you get your podcast. Welcome back everyone. I'm eve and you're listening to this day in history class. A show where we pull back. A new layer of history every day day was november fourth nineteen fifty-six the first nationally televised presidential debate in the us aired when former first lady. Eleanor roosevelt and senator margaret chase smith debate at each other acting as surrogates for a democratic candidate at stevenson and republican president. Dwight d eisenhower former illinois governor at stevenson challenged eisenhower. Who was running for a second term to televise debate but eisenhower refused. His administration decided that it would be better for gets to debate each other on policy so at eisenhower suggestion. The women's division of the republican national committee toes margaret chase smith the senior senator from maine in nineteen fifty. Smith gave a notable speech that criticized mccarthyism and the actions of the house. Unamerican activities committee the democrats toes former first lady. Eleanor roosevelt to go up against smith. At first smith refused. She thought that her public speaking abilities were no match for roosevelt's skill and knowledge but eisenhower convinced her to accept the debate and she began preparing meticulously for the event. Her appearance also figured into her preparation for the debate which she figured would be important since they would be on. Tv she decided to be. In contrast with roosevelt's quote partisan manner and quote top heavy appearance so part of her strategy was to wear a simple dark dress. An answer questions and slowly an even tone when the debate aired on. Cbs's face the nation two days before the election. It was the first time women were ever guests on the show for thirty minutes. Roosevelt and smith answered questions posed by a panel of reporters. Much of the debate was geared toward foreign policy which roosevelt had an advantage in as former first lady at ambassador to the united nations but smith had also served on the house armed services committee smith later wrote. Mrs roosevelt was caught by surprise as i refrained from tangling with her. The more that i spoke softly smiled faintly in the less. I said in reply the more mrs roosevelt seems to be off balance and this made her talk more either way. Roosevelt dominated the debate with her long explanations. While smith kept her answers brief as planned smith had previously requested to read a two minute closing argument anticipating a strong performance from roosevelt and the moderators agreed in her closing. Statement smith was more emotive and less restraints that she had been in the rest of the debate. Roosevelt didn't care for this shift in demeanor and didn't shake hands with smith after the debate public reactions to the debate ran the gamut and it's not clear what effect the debate had on voters but eisenhower won the election by a slide at the nineteen sixty four republican convention. Smith became the first woman to have her name entered into nomination at a major party's convention i'm east coat and hopefully you know a little more about history today than you did yesterday. No any fellow history buffs. Who would enjoy the show. You can share it with them. We're on twitter. Facebook and instagram at t. The i eight podcast. Our email address. Is this day at iheartmedia dot com. Thanks for listening. We'll see you here again tomorrow with another episode for more podcasts from iheartradio visit the iheartradio app apple podcasts. Or wherever you listen to your favorite shows have you ever wondered is will ferrell likes to wear his. I voted sticker all even wear it into the next day. Or what makes stephanie rule so passionate about voting. it's about what kind of country. What kind of world do you wanna live in i. I'm holly fry. And i'm hosting podcast called why i'm voting. I realized my father had never participated in any election. democracy fails everyone is filming somebody else. Why i'm voting a new podcast from iheartradio available on the iheartradio app and apple podcasts. Or wherever it is you listen. Welcome to be on the a podcast from iheartradio. I'm your host bobby brown. I've been in the industry for a long time. And i've learned a lot. I have watched makeup skin care and beauty change more than i ever could have imagined this season on beyond the beauty on exploring the beauty industry and present. I'm reflecting on my own experiences. And i'm talking to some of the biggest and brightest names in beauty today. Listen to the brand new season of beyond the beauty on the iheartradio app apple podcasts. Or wherever you listen to your favorite shows.