17 Burst results for "Confederation Congress"

"confederation congress" Discussed on Scene On Radio

Scene On Radio

04:06 min | 1 year ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on Scene On Radio

"I picture in his study out there at Mount Vernon outside his French paned windows. Several hundred captive. Black people are toiling away away and his vast farmlands Washington's fifty four but feeling older rheumatism is acting. It's been three years since the Treaty of Paris. Chris ended the revolutionary war with the British recognizing the United States Washington spent eight years away from home leading the continental army me. So He's written that he wants to live quietly from now on under the shadow of my own vine and my own fig tree there at his desk opens the latter from his friend and former military officer Henry Knox writing from New York. My dear Sir I have long intended myself the pleasure of visiting can you at Mount Vernon and although I have not given up that hope knocks gets passed the pleasantries and to his point he tells Washington about the commotions in Massachusetts sits farmers protesting high taxes and showing up with guns by the hundreds to shutdown county court. This dreadful situation has alarmed every man of principal and property and New England. They start as from dream and ask what has been the cause of our delusion. Wealthy People in New England wanted these protests protests to stop but the articles of confederation the nation's first federal agreement created after the revolution gave the national government no power our tax make federal laws or keep a standing army. The articles tied together loosely. What we're essentially thirteen independent republics the Confederation Congress could sign treaties print money and declare war but couldn't put down sizing the one in Massachusetts? So Oh Knox is telling Washington. The current arrangement just doesn't work a government. Must be braced changed or altered to secure our lives and property when Washington writes back expresses alarm about civil disobedience in western Massachusetts Resistance Resistance Movement led by among other people a farmer named Daniel. Shays Good God who. Besides the Tory could have foreseen Washington. Worries that if that that disorder isn't resolved it could spread and in fact farmers and other working people are protesting high taxes in other parts of the new nation. There're combustibles in every state which has sparked may set fire to Washington agrees with knocks. The leaders of the states should meet and soon to construct a stronger federal government at a constitutional convention or the prevailing sentiments of the one now proposed to be held at Philadelphia in May next. And how will it be attended attended. These are real questions. Leaders of several states opposed changes to the articles of confederation and are refusing to go to the constitutional convention. Washington knows he's the most widely respected man in the country and that if he attends he'll be asked to preside over the meetings but he doesn't WanNA come out of retirement airmont and says he doesn't plan to attend in January seventeen eighty seven. Henry Knox writes again pleading with Washington saying the success or failure. The era of the meetings in Philadelphia may rest on his shoulders. I am persuaded if you're determined to attend the convention and it should be generally known it would induce induced the eastern states to send delegates to it. I should therefore be much obliged for information of your decision on the subject. Washington has already been called the father of his country. His sense of duty and concern for his reputation finally went out just weeks before the convention is to open in late March. He he writes to Governor Edmund Randolph. WHO's putting together? The Virginia delegation as my friends with a degree of solicitude which is unusual seemed to wish my attendance on this occasion. I have come to a resolution to go if my health.

Washington Henry Knox Massachusetts Mount Vernon New England Philadelphia Treaty of Paris Confederation Congress United States Governor Edmund Randolph Virginia New York Chris principal Shays officer Daniel
"confederation congress" Discussed on WMAL 630AM

WMAL 630AM

07:38 min | 2 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on WMAL 630AM

"To go very quickly here because John Marshall is a life fully live, and he is involved intimately involved in the legal practices in Virginia. And also, the politics and statesmanship of the United States of America, which at this point is going through a transformation from the articles of confederation to a constitution. Which is then blessed by all the conventions and George Washington's elected the first president, I need to go all the way through Washington's two terms to come to the farewell dinner March Friday, March third seventeen ninety seven is my date when Washington gathers everyone including John Adams who will succeed him in the in the Mara. When he's sworn in as president. He he he greets the mall, and he gives them a toast. It's his farewell toast. But importantly, this is a moment to explicatives the tensions that have emerged in. Washington's two cabinets Harlow. I my notes down to Jefferson versus everybody else. What is Jefferson that is distinct? They're all they're all Virginians. What is his distinction from Washington? And from the other federalist well Jefferson was sent as ambassador to France by the. Confederation congress before project president washing was elected, and he spent several years there as a bachelor and became enamored of the French revolution. And the takeover of government. The overthrow of the monarchy the takeover of government by ordinary people on the streets by revolutionaries he really just actually absorbed this into a system, and when president Washington was elected and had to form a cabinet. Franklin was too old. He needed I secretary of state. Franken was the most obvious candidate. But he was too old. John Adams would have been a great candidate. But he was elected vice president. So the only man with real experience overseas. Was Jefferson any name Jefferson secretary of state from the first Jefferson was born in Washington side, and especially in Alexander Hamilton side. I'll exander Hamilton. Also, a hero of the revolution. A great officer wanted Yorktown like. Colonel was an aide to Washington for many years and in during the war. He was a federal to believed in a strong federal government to get this nation going and get get our government operations. He was sick named secretary of treasury. Well, he and and Jefferson were at odds from the beginning about what type of government, we should have a strong executive or a week executive a figurehead Washington was not about to be a figurehead and little by little Washington strengthens, the executive branch of government until now it's time to elect a new president and Jefferson runs against John Adams of the vice president under Washington and Adams wins with Jefferson getting the second most votes and automatic. In those days becoming vice president from the first he starts fighting atoms. And indeed Jefferson almost on the verge of committing treason. He asks state legislators to nullify federal laws with which they disagree saying that the constitution got it all wrong that this is not we the people that this is a compact among the states of the states have the right to determine which laws are legal, not legal. So this was a at the beginning of the great battle for government control between Hamilton Jefferson. Aaron Burr also had his eyes set on on the presidency. And. And I said John Adams office. So. These tangles are important as we go forward and John Marshall's live qas early in the atoms terminal at John Adams only serves one term John Marshall's elevated because he sent to France to negotiate with tally ran the rascal foreign minister for the directory late in the eighteenth century. This is before Bonaparte becomes the dictator and tally ran is a devious man who understands and hates America. He spent time here who knows why his passions. He's a stranger, but he's a villain to Marshall. And the others who go to negotiate with him because he wants to be bribed, and they refuse that elevates Marshall when he returns is that right Harlow Marshall is celebrated because he refuses era. Absolutely. And we're ready to go to war with France. And and and finally, the French perpetuate and Marshall. He was only one of three emissaries to France he is hailed as heroic fellow. He comes from Virginia, of course, which is central to all all the goings on in American politics at that time. He had already gained some. Fame before then as a champion of the constitutional ratifcation in the Virginia ratification convention in which he was one of those who. Argued successfully for ratification of the constitution. Jefferson Virginia was of course, a critical state at that time late in Adams's term, in fact, so late that he knows he's he's he's defeated already. He starts packing. The courts with men who sees he dies and Marshall is one of the men who sees as Adams does because Jefferson's coming in the jeffersonian Republicans are coming in. And why does he why why does he choose Marshall to be the chief justices supreme court because as you say at this point the three Justice chief justices, so far I've had very little to do. I think John Jay was so bored. He resigned exactly I four supreme court justices eleven years before John Marshall. They had had only eleven cases. So that many cases before the supreme court them worth that many laws on the books yet. And certainly not much people were too busy. Claiming land to file a lot of lawsuits, but what happened was that Jefferson ins were coming into power, and they were going to really dismantle the whole federal government and Adams was not going to see that. I was not going to let that happen. He had already appointed grand marshals secretary of state more than a year before the end of his term Marshall had been a fantastic secretary of.

Hamilton Jefferson John Adams Harlow Marshall Washington president vice president George Washington Jefferson Virginia Virginia secretary France John Jay America United States Aaron Burr Franken Franklin officer
"confederation congress" Discussed on WMAL 630AM

WMAL 630AM

03:48 min | 2 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on WMAL 630AM

"New biography of John Marshall. Compels me to go very quickly here because John Marshall is a life fully live, and he is involved intimately involved legal practices, eight Virginia. And also the politics and statesmanship of the United States of America. Which at this point is going through a transformation from the articles of confederation to a constitution. Which is then blessed by all the conventions, and George Washington is elected the first president, I need to go all the way through Washington's two terms to come to the farewell dinner March Friday, March third seventeen ninety seven is my date when Washington gathers everyone including John Adams who will succeed him in the in the Mara. When he's sworn in as president. He he he greets small, and he gives them a toast. It's his farewell toast. But importantly, this is a moment to explication the tensions that have emerged in. Washington's two cabinets Harlow. I my notes down to Jefferson. Versus everybody else. What is Jefferson that is distinct? They're all they're all Virginians. What is his distinction from Washington? And from the other federalist well Jefferson was sent as ambassador to France by the. Confederation. Congress before president president washing was elected, and he spent several years there as a bachelor and became enamored of the French revolution. And the takeover of government. The overthrow of the monarchy takeover of government by ordinary people on the streets by revolutionaries. He really just absolutely absorbed this into a system and when predator Washington was elected and had to form a cabinet. Franken was too old. He needed a secretary of state Franklin was the most obvious candidate. But he was too old. John Adams would have been a great candidate. But he was elected vice president. So the the only man with real experience overseas was Jefferson any name Jefferson secretary of state, but from the first Jefferson was a thorn in Washington side, and especially in Alexander Hamilton side Alexander Hamilton, also a hero of the revolution. A great officer. What at Yorktown was Colonel was an aide to Washington for many years in in during the war. He was a federalist of believed in a strong federal government to get this nation going and get get our government operations. He was named secretary of treasury. Well, he and and Jefferson were at odds from the beginning about what type of government, we should have a strong executive. Or a week executive a figurehead Washington was not about to be a figurehead and little by little Washington strengthened, the executive branch of government until now it's time to elect a new president and Jefferson runs against John Adams of the vice president under Washington and Adams wins with Jefferson getting the second most votes and automatically in those days becoming vice president at from the first he starts fighting atoms. And indeed Jefferson almost on the verge of committing treason. He asked state legislatures to nullify federal laws with which they disagree saying that the constitution got it all wrong that this is not we the people that this is a compact among the states and the states have the right to determine which. The laws are legal or.

Jefferson vice president George Washington president Washington John Marshall Confederation United States executive Virginia America Alexander Hamilton Adams Franken Congress France Yorktown officer
"confederation congress" Discussed on American History Tellers

American History Tellers

03:07 min | 2 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on American History Tellers

"On our show. We'll take you to the events the times and the people that shaped America and Americans. Our values are struggles and our dreams we'll put you in the shoes of everyday citizens as history was being made. And we'll show you how the events of the times affected them their families and affects you now in the earliest days of the United States. There was no such thing as an organized political party. Like the ones we know today in the years after the revolutionary war. However, political factions began to form around the role of the federal government the articles of confederation had established the colonies as sovereign states in a perpetual union after the war many station began arguing that the articles didn't give enough thorny to the federal government to affectively run the country the confederation. Congress had no power to raise taxes and no way to enforce any of its decisions in time. This tension between the federal government and the states led to an ideological split and Americans took sides. On the one hand were the so-called federalists who were in favor of a new constitution and a stronger federal government on the other where the anti-federalists who favored maintaining the articles of confederation and giving more sovereignty to the states. Eventually the federalist perspective. One out a convention was called and delegates from each state. Hammered out a new constitution that went into effect on March fourth seventeen eighty nine General George Washington became the nation's first president for many years. There was relative peace and accord among the leaders of the new country, but those political differences of the seventeen eighty s had planted ideological seeds before Washington's first term was even complete the first real political parties have begun to sprout in this series will explore America's rich and diverse political history delving into the personalities and the events that led us to where we are today from the Whigs to the socialists to the know nothings to the Dixiecrats will cover the significant parties that have come and gone. Through the decades will pay special attention to the formation and evolution of our to modern primary parties, the Democrats and the Republicans will start at the very beginning with a tale of two parties, the federalists and the Republicans, but in many ways, this is a story of not to parties, but to people Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson. When George Washington took office in the spring seventeen eighty nine the United States face, a multitude of problems, one of the main issues was paying off millions and federal debt leftover from the revolutionary war. It felt Washington's Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton to establish a comprehensive economic program for the country Hamilton's important role and founding what would become the biggest economy on earth? Was by no means preordained born to a struggling merchant family on the Caribbean island of Nevis Hamilton's father, abandoned, the family when he was just a boy and a few years later his mother died leaving Hamilton orphaned at age eleven despite the disadvantages of his childhood. He made his.

America United States federal government Nevis Hamilton Treasury Secretary Alexander H Alexander Hamilton George Washington Washington Congress Caribbean president Dixiecrats Thomas Jefferson one hand
"confederation congress" Discussed on KGO 810

KGO 810

10:14 min | 2 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on KGO 810

"Four seventeen eighty three. George Washington is leaving the army. He's leaving public life. He's headed back to mount Vernon after the years the years of strife, eight years of conflict in which the battles did not go. Well, but the war was won the general facing his officers at Francaise tavern is not in a celebratory fashion. This is not happy. There are no smiles to my picture. And I learned this from a new book the return of George Washington seventeen eighty three to seventy and eighty nine Edward Larson is the author. Professor Larson is university professor of history and holds the Hugh and Hazel darling chair in law at Pepperdine university is a Pulitzer prize winner, he lives in Georgia and California, but we're headed to fronts tavern in Manhattan. Professor, very. Good evening to you. I picture Washington entering the room with his head down. We see his gray hair. We see the officers around him not celebrating in any fashion whatsoever. Why what is the grief in the room? And how does Washington resolve it? Good evening to you. Good evening. It was a difficult. Occasion. Washington was leading the army. A barge was waiting in walking distance of the tavern to carry him across the Hudson river to New Jersey where he would be heading to resign his post before congress. Congress is in meeting in Annapolis because they had been driven driven from Philadelphia their traditional capital by rebellious American soldiers. These soldiers had not been paid in years because the the continental congress the the confederation congress could not raise funds because they could not tax they could not raise money to pay their own troops. And this was the same feeling that the officer were sending him off had they had not been paid either. They were his close advisors except Hamilton. Who wouldn't even come? His closest aides they were within together. Henry knox. They had been fighting together for eight years at the end, they couldn't be paid because they didn't have a government that could pay them. And he knew he was leaving them having promised to try to get paid that happened. A few months earlier at the so-called Newburgh conspiracy. When they were still in the encampment in Newburgh, New York up that's and before they had entered New York and liberated it. Now, they had liberated it from the British the British left. The war was finally over. He was going to resign. And he didn't know if he could get fair treatment for own could some of these soldiers somebody's officers who had fought is. He did for years. We're going back destitute to their homes while the people who hadn't thought had been making money back home off the war related traits. That's the sadness. He feels with these men. The presentation that day he makes a speech that is affecting. But at the same time, there's the suggestion of drama. This is when he said, my head has grown grown gray. And I've grown blind in the servicer my country, the officers weep, but your opinion having studied the letters having looked at this scene turned over and over for more than two hundred years did Washington intend to make them. We did he intend to soften the Montas exit. He didn't intend necessarily to soften them. He wanted to be with them. He felt very eight felt a tremendous closeness to them. They had been living together for years. They had bonded together. A band of brothers. And now that that bond was being broken, and they were each going their own way. And he knew they were going back to different states, right where the politics in those states were very different, and he worried they all worried about the reception. They would stay yourself his own plantation had had not had not made money and had had slipped away somewhat during his absence. But some of the other men faced much worse conditions. And so they were close they've been close together. They had they had had a tremendous victory. Imagine imagine the thought they had defeated the strongest. Nation in the world. They had Britney defeated the British empire. Nothing like this had ever happened before. And and that sense of -ccomplish much, but that also since the doubt of where it's all going to lead. So I think it was a genuine sadness that rose up from all of them. The proprietor of French's tavern. Had laid an enormous banquet for them. Washington. Had tried to have a farewell Branko with with his officers at Newburgh. When all of his officers were still there. But there had been so much rancor and bitterness that they cancelled it by the time, they had marched into your New York City, Manhattan. The troops to been very much winnow down by the. Departures and the leaves and the furloughs and the forced retirements imposed by congress. Once it was clear that the British sign the peace treaty. And so the army that came down was was a was a fraction of the size. It had been a new Burke they were supposed to be this this. Farewell banquet there, but it hasn't been canceled because there had been such a sense that they'd been let down now they were having this rump group have this. Farewell banquet this tremendous Bank. What was laid day toasted they had a sip of wine, but they didn't touch the food because of the emotions and disappointment and the sadness, but also the sense of of of shared accomplishment. So it was a complex emotions driving through these people. I don't think Washington intended to to create sadness, but he felt a both a a mixture of emotions complex mixture of oceans. Makes us truly one of the one of the touching scenes and in many ways in American history. That was noon time December four seven hundred Eighty-three earlier in the professors touched on it the Newburgh conspiracy. When the officers earlier that spring had challenged Washington for their back pay had challenged the promises congress had made. But since then Washington, it issued two documents that professor Larson features sentiments on a peace establishment where Washington refers to this country can be a Republican Rome. He imagined his Roman metaphors. They call him. Cincinnati's the armor who up to save the country, but the more important one circular letter to thirteen states was a public letter that had been printed everywhere professor in that there is a phrase that the general uses that this country wants, quote, a supreme power to regulate and govern at that moment. Was he considering a constitution was he considering? Presidency. He was considering a new constitution. I may not have used that term. But that's a general term for a central government, and he had seen. Well, let's just put it broadly through his time as the commander in chief. He had led an army made up of state militias and continental units with soldiers from every state. He had been headquartered in in in about a half dozen different states have different times Massachusetts in New York in Pennsylvania in New Jersey in Virginia in the sense that Yorktown he had fought battles up and down the coast disregarding, the old colonial boundaries and lead men to fight and to die and ordered man from various states to find out four eight for freedom. Some of the entire group of thirteen states. They weren't fighting for the freedom of Connecticut, or for the freedom Virginia, they were fighting for the freedom of the United States, whatever that was and in a sense that made them Americans. And then when the peace treaty came the west Briton voluntarily included, the west in what was given to the the the the United States that means all the way back to the sippy river that includes the frontier where there were no Steph. That's the future of the country every every easterner whether it was Washington Franklin. They all realized your believed that America was different because they had the frontier a place where people without much could go and make their fortune where people with much good invest in may N in grandad's their fortune. It made America different United States different than European countries. Where people were trapped where they were in serfdom. And so. But there was no because that didn't belong to any of the state. There was no way to defend the west unless you had a central government. So all these ideas were going through Washington said he'd experienced nationalism along with so many of these people, and the the the central government, such as it was this league of friendship. Remember, every colony every state could send as many delegates wanted to the confederation congress, but they all just get one vote from each day. The states could direct how those delegates with those. They could recall any will, and they paid them. So basically it was much like an ambassador to the UN from today from the various different countries. And.

officer Washington army Newburgh congress Professor Larson George Washington New York United States confederation congress Professor Manhattan New Jersey Francaise tavern Pulitzer prize fronts tavern mount Vernon Pepperdine university
"confederation congress" Discussed on WPRO 630AM

WPRO 630AM

02:38 min | 3 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on WPRO 630AM

"To the occasion people are projecting upon him and he's capable of accepting their projections but at this point he's he it's it's a god that's walking among them did they write like that was there anybody ironic enough to comment at the time yes there were and this is this is a beautiful story this is a touching story i was so pleased to be able to capture it because no one saw it coming that's the surprising thing these were spontaneous demonstrations all along the way and they kept building because the newspapers went out ahead and so in the next town they would re read what had happened before but it starts in mount it starts as he leaves in alexandria virginia where they hold a banquet for them and everyone turns out and then he reaches the border and crosses the potomac and lands in maryland and here the whole shore is lined with people cheering baltimore it gets bigger it gets bigger and philadelphia the largest crowd in the history of philadelphia larger than the town's population poured out and celebrate tori arrival into new jersey and people what people see is that and they're not expecting this washington isn't expecting because he's traveling just in a carriage going up there that this presidency is pulling together the country if you read before that they thought that congress as it had been under the confederation congress was the center of the union now with washington and the job the presidency the one post that everybody could vote on from the from all the states through their electors that's becoming the symbol of the union not congress the bickering congress with delegates from every state pulling their own ways but the presidency is becoming the symbol of the national union people realize that because in new york where he's heading is getting these reports back from every town with these tens of thousands of people pouring out that cheering people pouring in and people start pouring into new they didn't expect this by the thousands pulling into new york to see washington when he came and they decide what are we going to do and so they moved the inauguration outside in a square so everybody was going to be just in the little housework in the little hall where congressman put it out on the out on the streets they plan to bring him over they planned ceremonial parades because they're seeing washington washington the presidency.

alexandria virginia maryland philadelphia washington congress confederation congress new york congressman baltimore tori
"confederation congress" Discussed on 77WABC Radio

77WABC Radio

01:33 min | 3 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on 77WABC Radio

"From the very beginning every person of goodwill knew what would be the only rational solution the virginia plan of course took the big states pro since it came from philadelphia in virginia two biggest states and it proposed as i have said that congress the lower house would be elected by the people based on population so the big states would control the big states that body would then produce the house of lords or the higher house or what we call the senate and that group together they picked the president well that could give the big states everything but remember the confederation congress was the opposite every state even tiny delaware just has a fraction a tiny fraction of the number of people is in virginia or pennsylvania very few people in delaware then other states were also small there in the continent in the confederation congress each state got one vote so delaware had the same number of votes pennsylvania and virginia and that didn't seem fair to pennsylvania and virginia so everyone knew since the virginia plan proposed to house legislature the solution ultimate solution would be the population for the lower house states for the upper house and the biggest aides had gone there with instructions don't give in popular divide by the number of people.

philadelphia virginia senate president confederation congress pennsylvania delaware
"confederation congress" Discussed on WHO NewsRadio 1040 AM

WHO NewsRadio 1040 AM

01:33 min | 3 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on WHO NewsRadio 1040 AM

"From the very beginning every person of goodwill knew what would be the only rational solution the virginia plan of course took the big states approach since it came from philadelphia and virginia the two biggest states and it proposed as i have said that congress the lower house would be elected by the people based on population so the big states with control it the big states that body would then produce the house of lords or the higher house or what we call the senate and that group together they picked the president well that could give the big states everything but remember the confederation congress was the opposite every state even tiny delaware who just has a fraction a tiny fraction of the number of people is insane virginia or pennsylvania very few people in delaware then other states were also small there in the continent in the confederation congress each date got one vote so delaware had the same number of votes is pennsylvania and and and virginia and that didn't seem fair to pennsylvania and virginia so everyone knew since the virginia plan proposed to house legislature the solution ultimate solution would be the population for the lower house states for the upper house and the big states had gone there with instructions don't give in popular divide by the number of people.

philadelphia senate president confederation congress delaware virginia pennsylvania
"confederation congress" Discussed on 77WABC Radio

77WABC Radio

02:49 min | 3 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on 77WABC Radio

"He was considering a new constitution i may not have used that term but that's a general term for a central government and he had seen why don't you just put it broadly through his time as the commander in chief he had led an army made up of state militias and continental units with soldiers from every state he had been headquartered in em six or in about a half dozen different states at different times massachusetts in new york in pennsylvania in new jersey in virginia in the sense that yorktown he had fought battles up and down the coast re disregarding the old colonial boundaries and lead men to fight into die and ordered man from various states to find four eight for freedom of the entire group of thirteen states they weren't fighting for the freedom of connecticut or for the freedom they were fighting for the freedom of the united states whatever that was and in a sense that made them americans and then when the peace treaty came the west briton voluntarily included the west in what was given to the the the the united states that means all the way back to the sippy river that includes the frontier where there were no settlers that's the future of the country every every easterner whether it was washington franklin they all realize your believe that america was different because they had the frontier a place where people without much could go and make their fortune where people with much could invest and make an ingrained granddaughter fortune it made america different united states different than european countries where people were trapped where they were in serfdom and so but there was no because that didn't belong to any of the states there was no way to defend the west inlets you at a central government so all these ideas were going through washington said he'd experienced nationalism along with so many of these people and the the the central government such so it was this league of friendship remember every colony every state could send as many delegates as it wanted to the confederation congress but they all just get one vote from each day the states could direct how those delegates with vote they could recall any will and they paid them so basically it was much like an ambassador to the un from today from the various different countries and washington is saying in this letter we need a new constitution is the small see new constitution.

massachusetts new york pennsylvania new jersey virginia yorktown connecticut united states sippy river washington confederation congress un america
"confederation congress" Discussed on WHO NewsRadio 1040 AM

WHO NewsRadio 1040 AM

02:43 min | 3 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on WHO NewsRadio 1040 AM

"He was considering a new constitution i may not have used that term but that's a general term for a central government and he had seen well let's just put it broadly true his time as the commander in chief he had led an army made up of state militias and continental units with soldiers from every state he had been headquartered in six in about a half dozen different states at different times massachusetts in new york in pennsylvania in new jersey in virginia in the sense that the yorktown he had fought battles up and down the coast disregarding the old colonial boundaries and lead men to fight and to die and ordered men from darius states to find out four eight for freedom of the entire group of thirteen states they weren't fighting for the freedom of connecticut or for the freedom for junior they were fighting for the freedom of the united states whatever that was and in a sense that made them americans and then when the peace treaty came the west briton voluntarily included the west and what was given to the the the the united states that means all the way back to the city river that includes the frontier where there were no settlers that's the future of the country every every easterner whether it was washington franklin they all realize your believed in america was different because they had the frontier a place where people without much could go and make their fortune where people with much good invest in may n in grand is their fortune it made america different united states different than european countries where people were trapped where they were in serfdom and so there was no because that didn't belong to any of the states there was no way to defend the west unless you had a central government so all these ideas were going through washington ted he'd experienced nationalism along with so many of these people and the the the central government such as it was this league of friendship remember every colony every state could send as many delegates wanted to the confederation congress but they all just get one vote from each day the states could direct how those delegates with vote they could recall any will and they paid them so basically it was much like an ambassador to the un from today from the various different countries and washington is saying in.

massachusetts new york pennsylvania new jersey virginia connecticut united states america washington confederation congress un darius ted
"confederation congress" Discussed on 77WABC Radio

77WABC Radio

02:36 min | 3 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on 77WABC Radio

"The army he's leaving public life he's headed back to mount vernon after the years the years of strife eight years of conflict in which the battles did not go well but the war was won the general facing his officers at francis tavern is not an a celebrate fashion this is not happy there are no smiles to my picture and i learned this from a new book the return of george washington seventeen eighty three to seventy and eighty nine edward larson is the author professor larson is university professor of history holds the hugh and hazel darling charon law at pepperdine university is a pulitzer prize winner he lives in in california but we're headed to francis tavern in manhattan professor a very good evening to i picture washington entering the room with his head down we see his gray hair we see the officers around him not celebrating in any fashion whatsoever why what is the grief in the room and how does washington resolve it good evening to you good evening it was a difficult occasion washington was leaving the army a barge was waiting within walking distance of the tavern to carry them across the hudson river to new jersey where he would be heading to resign his post before congress congress is in meeting in annapolis because they had been driven driven from philadelphia their traditional capital by rebellious american soldiers these soldiers had not been paid in years because the the continental congress the confederation congress could not raise funds because they could not tax they could not raise money to pay their own troops and this was the same feeling that the officers are were sending him off had they had not been paid either they were his closest advisers except hamilton who wouldn't even come his closest aides they were within together henry knox they had been fighting together for eight years at the end they couldn't be paid because they didn't have a government that could pay them and he knew he was leaving them having promised to try to get paid for him vetted happened a few months earlier at the so called newburgh conspiracy when they were still in the encampment in newburgh new york up the hudson before they had entered new york and liberated it now they had liberated it from the british the.

hamilton newburgh philadelphia congress manhattan hugh professor of history francis tavern mount vernon new york henry knox george washington confederation congress annapolis hudson river washington professor california pulitzer prize pepperdine university
"confederation congress" Discussed on WHO NewsRadio 1040 AM

WHO NewsRadio 1040 AM

02:45 min | 3 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on WHO NewsRadio 1040 AM

"Washington at tablet it is december four seventeen eighty three george washington is leaving the army he's leaving public life he's headed back to mount vernon after the years the years of strife eight years of conflict in which the battles did not go well but the war was won the general facing his officers at francis tavern is not in a celebratory fashion this is not happy there are no smiles to my picture and i learned this from a new book the return of george washington seventeen eighty three to seventeen eighty nine edward larson is the author professor larson is university professor of history and holds the hugh and hazel darling charon law at pepperdine university is a pulitzer prize winner he lives in georgia and california but we're headed to fraunces tavern in manhattan professor very good evening to i picture washington entering the room with his head down we see his gray hair we see the officers around him not celebrating in any fashion whatsoever why what is the grief in the room and how does washington resolve it good evening to you good evening it was a difficult occasion washington was leaving the army a barge was waiting within walking distance of the tavern to carry him across the hudson river to new jersey where he would be heading to resign his post before congress congress in meeting in annapolis because they had been driven driven from philadelphia their traditional capital by rebellious american soldiers these soldiers had not been paid in years because the the continental congress the the confederation congress could not raise funds because they could not tax they could not raise money to pay their own troops and this was the same feeling that the officers were sending him off had they had not been paid either they were his closest advisers except hamilton who wouldn't even come his closest aide they were within together henry knox they had been fighting together for eight years at the end they couldn't be paid because they didn't have a government that could pay them and he knew he was leaving them having promised to try to get paid for him that had happened a few months earlier at the socalled newburgh conspiracy when they were still in the encampment in newburgh new york up the hudson before they had entered new york and liberated it now they had liberated it from the british the.

henry knox newburgh philadelphia congress manhattan fraunces tavern california hugh professor of history francis tavern mount vernon new york Washington hamilton confederation congress annapolis hudson river washington professor georgia
"confederation congress" Discussed on We The People

We The People

02:03 min | 3 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on We The People

"Jefferson and i just learned author of the forthcoming book about the adamses jane nancy thank you so much for joining thank you thank you for having me let's jump right in and introduce our listeners to alexander hamilton's constitutional vision j in a piece in the national review on progressive hamilton's you said with the possible exception of gouverneur morris hamilton was the most unabashedly elitist man to sign the constitution his proposed government was distinctively high toned and then you gave zampa lls of his vision of a pop it of the senate the presidency and the judiciary tell us about hamilton's constitutional vision of those three branches and how would you characterize it more broadly yeah well first of all thanks again for having me hamilton like many of the fellow founders of the arrow was struggling with an ancient questioned inherent to good government which was how do we create a government that it serves the public interest without falling prey to corruption be at corruption for the sake of the elites which would be you know oligarchy or for the sake of the masses which would be mob rule how do we create a stable government and one of the main sort of ideas in the western tradition at that time was the notion of mixed states right the idea being that a popularly elected legislature would be balanced by maybe some hereditary element in legislature like a house of lords and then checked again by by a hereditary monarch and the americans had tossed out the idea of hereditary titles and had founded a government on popular rule entirely problem was is that the suing decade between you know the declaration of independence in the ratification of the constitution it didn't seem to be working the national government the confederation congress was more or less inapt with the exception of dealing.

Jefferson hamilton confederation congress alexander hamilton gouverneur morris hamilton
"confederation congress" Discussed on We The People

We The People

02:19 min | 3 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on We The People

"Sure be happy to you know so the tariff was one of the central issues that led to the constitutional convention that gave us the existing constitution under the articles of confederation you could not the confederation congress could not impose nationwide tariff without the unanimous unanimous consent of the states and during the articles of confederation period on the states balked at that in particular rhode island and later new york balked at the establishment of a of a nationwide tariff and you have to remember at the time there were not there was not an income tax so there wasn't a basis for the national government to raise revenue in any sort of really meaningful way on apart from the tariff the tariff is really the central means by which the national government was going to was going to raise revenue and so two very large extent that control over national control over tariff policy was one of the central reasons that the constitutional convention was convened en hamilton actually credited the thorny over over imposts as being one of the major reasons the convention was convened and authority over ten is in article one section eight of the constitution assigned to congress so all thority over tariffs as a constitutional matter is given by article one section eight to congress as thirty over foreign commerce and the origination clause also gives congress the of the house of representatives the responsibility for originating spending bills so the tariff was intimately connected at the nation's founding to to the idea that this is where the federal government was going to have the thirty two to raise revenue which was going to be central to to redistribution and throughout the long nineteenth century which which runs into the twentieth century the way in which the tariff was used was primarily as a tool of domestic economic policy so the tariff was used under henry clay's system the tariff was basically used to.

confederation congress rhode island new york hamilton federal government henry clay congress
"confederation congress" Discussed on 77WABC Radio

77WABC Radio

01:52 min | 3 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on 77WABC Radio

"Really uh in effect led uh what we would call today at eight up because in the in in the end they scrapped the articles of confederation rather than try to amend this document that gave the continental congress confederation congress no power uh they wrote a whole new document which we now call the constitution and they gave the federal this new federal government uh far more power than anyone had uh uh predicted in the first place and they gave it to the people the constitution begins we the people and so it gave more power to the people of iowa the house of representatives than any other element of the government and the house of representatives at the time was the only body in the federal government directly elected by the people the senate at the time senators were unnamed by each state legislature so they weren't elected by the people and the president wasn't elected by the people who was elected by the electoral college uh whose members also were chosen uh by state legislatures so we the people had more power and in effect if the left the president a figurehead yes the seven articles you know them very well legislative executive and judiciary than the state's mutual of mutuality the amendment of uh of at least clause the laws by category that they follow the constitution the federal laws our supreme over local laws and ratification but it's that second article the second article executive that is the heart of harlem's hollows new book because this is washington creating the executive on the we understand today here in the twentyfirst century seven pillars i hope we begin rubin the.

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"confederation congress" Discussed on Constitutional

Constitutional

02:10 min | 4 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on Constitutional

"And what he meant was since citizens get to elect all their representatives at the state level why shouldn't they be allowed to elect all their representatives at the federal level as well he said this new government ultimately shouldn't really be about uniting and serving the state's it should be about uniting and serving the people of those states so quote the individuals therefore not the state's ought to be represented in it but wilson is still outnumbered and the decision to have state legislators elected senators gets written into the constitution now this had great tradition behind it because this was actually the way the confederation congress in the continental congress before it had been elected so that was the system they were used to another reason they chose the system of election for senators was because they needed states to ratify the constitution and so they had to be sure that they were doing something to the states in return for building this new federal government which many states saw as taking way their powers in their privileges the framers also envisions senators playing a different role in supporting and improving american democracy than members of the house would they really wanted the senate to be a very different body from the house whereas the house members were there to represent particular districts are sections of states and they were facing reelection every two years so they had to be very cognizant of public opinion and how they could work public opinion to shape their own careers on the senate side they didn't want it directly answerable to the people they might be influenced by the tides of public opinion they wanted to give it some distance and some protection from the whims of the voters that's why in addition to having the senators elected by state legislators they decided senators should serve longer terms than those in the house six years rather than two.

wilson confederation congress congress the house senate six years two years
"confederation congress" Discussed on KVNT Valley News Talk

KVNT Valley News Talk

02:16 min | 4 years ago

"confederation congress" Discussed on KVNT Valley News Talk

"You know these guys are are always gone rogue hedman randolf you know and they got hurts attorney general that more money than anybody in and their broke an and young english it's america right they start over but but so that's right they in my seventeen aged seven now there's a serious call for a convention think goes through the continental congress and through sorry now the the confederation congress it's called and there and the people gather to amend the articles of confederation with that was that was what they're supposed to do and thrillers positive and about washington it's important so james madison was a he really came into his its greatness in this period in my opinion hamilton to madison was a squarely the guy and had been very close to thomas jefferson and the virginia's legislature and and jefferson was tall and taciturn in in conversation but fluent in writing you know be if we read on the dialects with many beautiful things he broke madison his this little logical guy he's five foot in all to or something he also think of him xylitol jimmy via that's right and and now he's a student and he really reasons closely and one of the first things he reason about was we gotta get george washington there and it's worth sense of about how he did it wait whoa come back after the break and elazig move this week's hillsdale dialogue how to get washington to philadelphia for the convention believe it or not got something to do with relief factor dot com does because relief factor daca could have gotten washington their washington never actually at aches and pains the man was made of steel and his ler tie and about earlier of horsemen extraordinaire but many of you who have done what washington the done fought and battle many of you have done what his colleague gun intrigue in closed rooms you all still feel back perry knee pain neck pain and you take all sorts of different thing for it well listen put away everything except that what your doctor and say you must take and try relieffactor com nineteen 95 kitchen the green and blue bag clinically tested and produced in seattle by doctors.

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