18 Burst results for "Comstock Lode"

"comstock lode" Discussed on WSB-AM

WSB-AM

06:20 min | 1 year ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on WSB-AM

"And we continue with our American stories and the story of John Mackey, James Fair, James Flood and William O'Brien. The silver Kings. Let's pick up with Roger McGrath, where we last left off like he works as a pick and shovel minor for $4 a day, then as a timber men for six Sunni develops its own business, excavating and fortifying tunnels. Much of his pay is in the form of stock certificates. Now, most of these prove worthless. But if you give him enough money to buy the Kentucky a mine who's or has supposedly been exhausted. That case, thinks a new shaft in the Kentucky and hits a rich deposit. During the next several years. The mind pays over a million dollars in dividends. Huge money in the 18 sixties. Maki also Has said he will retire as soon as he is 25,000 in the bank. Well now he has many times that. But his appetite has only been weathered for a new adventures in enterprises. Well, Mackey's working the Kentucky James Fair becomes superintendent of new for one of the richest minds on the Comstock. In 18 68. He enters into a partnership to develop new mining properties with Mackey. I'm standing at the base of the over pit. And they called it over. After all, fear the goldmine of King Solomon in the Old Testament. By asserting that this was the over mind. They were claiming that this was a mind of biblical proportions. And they got it right. Because Hundreds of millions of dollars came out of the ground beginning right here. Back in San Francisco, Jim Flood and Brian take notice of these two young upstarts on the Comstock. Soon they are discussing joining forces. 18 69, the San Francisco Stockbrokers and the Comstock Miners form partnership. By the early 18 seventies through wise investments and daring gambles. Before Irishmen are challenging William Ralston of the Bank of California for Control of the Comstock 18 72 They buy the Consolidated Virginia mind for $100,000. From Rolston's right hand man in Virginia City, William Sharon. Sharing gleefully reports to Ralston, the Irishman have been taken the consolidated Virginia says Sharon use a bankrupt piece of property. Over a million dollars has already been wasted in the mind and fruitless exploration. Making fear have a hodge. If they got a new tunnel at a deeper level, they will hit a vein of war. For several months, they tunnel pouring 200,000 into the Consolidated Virginia. But hoisting up nothing but worthless Rock, William Sharon roars with laughter. Then one day That game fair, delicately thin being before they try to follow it, But it disappears. I find it again, but again, it disappears. They find it the third time. This time, the vein begins to whiten to a foot to several feet draft dozen feet. 12 FT. Backing. Fair Send word to flooding O'Brien in San Francisco. Stockbrokers quickly by up as much outstanding Consolidated Virginia stock has again the deeper the new shaft to suck in the Consolidated Virginia. The wider, then becomes At the 1500 FT level. The vein is more than 50 ft. Wide. You are so rich we struck has to be added to it to put it through the stamp milk. The Irishman have discovered the very heart of the Comstock lode. What is called the big bonanza. For the rest of their lives. They are known as the Silver Kings. Here again is Ronald James in 18 73. They found what was called the big Bonanza, which was right huge deposit of gold and silver that if Virginia City wasn't famous before, and it was It then was permanently famous. And I'm not sure without the big bonanza we would have the Cartwrights and the television show Bonanza here. The Comstock lode. The combination of gold and silver Started expanding as they went underground to five FT. 10 FT. And at its at its widest up to 60 FT. Wide of nearly pure gold and silver. I mean, obviously mixed it with some wrong but you had to. You had to dig it all out. You couldn't stop doing that. The problem is, you cannot find a log stout enough to span 60 ft. Even 20 ft without snapping because it has to hold up a mountain and mountains want to collapse in on empty space. So They brought in a German immigrant by the name of Phillips died. Alzheimer who developed the square set timbering method, and it was basically a series of cubes that it could be and modular fashion. Added to so that whatever The Stopes. The empty space left over when you dug out all the golden silver Whatever that stuff was shaped like you could fill it up with a stout. Framework of timber, and then you would fill it back with waste Rock as you've dug even deeper inside the mind, So it was a really nice, stable way to support a mind as you were pursuing precious metals and that was exported throughout the world. It's only the first of many inventions flat wire cable. A safety cage. This was the first place where, uh, dynamite was experimented with in a big way underground. It was the first place where, uh, air compress drills were used. So it became one invention after the next that defined international underground mining for the next 50 or 60 years. 1975 the Silver Kings are fabulously wealthy. The consolidated Virginia's paying dividends of a million dollars a month. Something like 100 million in today's money..

Roger McGrath William O'Brien William Ralston John Mackey Jim Flood James Fair 60 ft James Flood Sharon Brian 20 ft Ralston 12 FT $100,000 25,000 San Francisco 1500 FT 100 million William Sharon 18 69
"comstock lode" Discussed on WSB-AM

WSB-AM

02:34 min | 1 year ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on WSB-AM

"Gold when gold was selling for $16 an ounce, But what was really surprising that it was said it would produce over $3000 in silver when Silver was selling for a dollar 60 an ounce and so that's really where everyone understood just how wealthy This or body or using the Cornish word load was and then it became known as the Comstock lode. When they learn of the Comstock lode strike at Virginia City they had over the Siegerist in Nevada. The people who came to the Comstock were an international body people Nevada actually had in the 18 70 census. More foreign born per capita than any other state in the nation more than the great immigrant States. You think of Massachusetts, Boston and New York and how vibrantly international those places where Chicago a lot of Europeans, obviously, a large group of Chinese lived here. They came from all over. They often arrived as single men. And so it was. Very masculine community and when we come back more on the lives of these four risk takers, James Flood, John Mackey, James Fair and William O'Brien. The Silver Kings. The story of the Comstock lode continues here on our American stories. Mhm 5 14 in the cool ray, carry your WSB 24 hour Traffic center right now. Just volume around the metro area. 75 85 the usual This between university and downloads Freedom Parkway in both directions. There still volume 25 northbound outer loop getting past memorial drive. We had earlier trouble there. So you're just tapping the brakes as you make your way to Highway 78 in the Clarkston area. Mike Boozer 95.5 W S v I'm channel question. News meteorologist Pregnant Scattered showers and thunderstorms this afternoon and evening tomorrow 60% chance of showers and storms and a high of 86 shoe mate, the official air conditioning of summer. What most important decisions will ever make is when it's time to sell your home Want you decide it's time to sell. You've got another important decision. Who to trust to handle it for you is past success important to you. How about the Wall Street Journal? Number one ranked real estate team in America. Three years in a row. These are the folks I trust Mark Spain. Real estate what they're guaranteed offer. There's no showings. Noven House. No stress. Find out what Mark Spain's guaranteed offer would be on your home Today. There is no obligation.

William O'Brien James Flood John Mackey James Fair America New York Boston Massachusetts Mike Boozer Today Virginia City Clarkston Mark Spain Nevada 60% Chicago $16 an ounce 24 hour Cornish over $3000
"comstock lode" Discussed on WSB-AM

WSB-AM

02:07 min | 1 year ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on WSB-AM

"Prospecting in California. Here's Comstock lode. Historian Ronald James speaking to us at the location of the historic Comstock lode strike. The first miners who came here were after gold gold. ZZ Gold doesn't combined with many things so you can actually even pick it out of there washed dirt with tweezers, and he hoped for a nugget, But you find little flakes of gold, and that's how you can pull the gold out. What they weren't expecting was anything else that would be valuable? The two miners who were coming up here? A couple of Irish immigrants were just looking for a good place to to dam up a natural spring so they could get water because they were plaster mining, like the original California gold miners of the of 18 49, and they were hoping that they could Find some water. Throw some dirt into their long toms, which were these wooden boxes and wash the dirt While they were damning a natural spring they found which was right up here. They started throwing some of the dirt in there and found immediately that they were uncovering. Several ounces, a goal and a very good day, and it was the first of many good days. In fact, 20 years worth of good days. They were complaining for those first few weeks after the strike in June of 18 59. These early miners complained about This blue mud that gummed up their works because as you wash away the lighter soil, it leaves gold behind that it was also leaving behind this blue mud that was really obnoxiously heavy. And it was hard to separate it from the from the gold. So after several weeks, they took an or sample over to California and said, What exactly do we have here and what they found? Was that if you had a ton of this stuff It would produce over $800 in gold when gold was selling for $16 an ounce, But what was really surprising that it was said it would produce over $3000 in silver when Silver was selling for a dollar 60 an ounce and so that's really where everyone understood just how wealthy This or body or using the Cornish word load.

June of 18 59 California 20 years 18 49 Ronald James Several ounces over $800 $16 an ounce over $3000 two miners Cornish dollar 60 an ounce first first miners Irish first few weeks Comstock
"comstock lode" Discussed on WSB-AM

WSB-AM

02:40 min | 1 year ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on WSB-AM

"And brought to New York as a small child. By the time he joins the gold rush a 49 he has grown into a large man of erect carriage. You will soon have ahead of prematurely white hair his size posture in here. Given a dignified appearance. Unlike his partners, is soft spoken with an avuncular, kindly quality about him is the least forceful of the silver kings, but his gregarious and genial nature make them the most popular. An ideal for public relations. James Flood is the only silver King not to have been born in Ireland. Was born in New York in 18 26 shortly after his Irish immigrant parents arrived. Catches the gold fever in 18 49 and sells around the horn to California. Has a quick wit, a shrewd mind, a volatile temper and a powerful drive to succeed. Is a genius and trading stocks and finance. Mackey, fear O'Brien and Flood all spent the early 18 fifties prospecting and mining in California, and each has some success. With his earnings from the Diggins O'Brien opens a Marine supply store in San Francisco. Flood with money he has made opens delivery. Encourage shop just down the street from my breath. Both lose their businesses, though in the Depression of 18 55. They then joined forces and opened a saloon. O brien reasons. The only thing that does not go down in a depression is the consumption of alcohol. He's right and they're saloon thrives. Flood handles the business end of the operation. Well, Brian greets customers and serves roast beef sandwiches that come complimentary with a drink. By the early 18 sixties flooding, O'Brien are dabbling in mining, stock buying and selling shares in minds that tap into the Greek Comstock clued in Nevada. Flood is an uncanny ability in stock trading. Within a few years, he O'Brien and mass of small fortune in 18 68. They opened their own stock brokerage office in San Francisco. Making fair, working separately. Also spend the early 18 fifties prospecting in California. Here's Comstock lode. Historian Ronald James speaking to us at the location of the historic Comstock lode strike. The first miners who came here were after gold gold. ZZ Gold doesn't combined with many things so you can actually even pick it out of.

James Flood New York Brian California Ireland Ronald James San Francisco Nevada O brien Flood 18 26 O'Brien 18 49 18 68 Comstock lode Both 49 early 18 sixties each Depression of 18 55
"comstock lode" Discussed on Nuff Said: The Marvel, Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D, and Comics Fan Podcast

Nuff Said: The Marvel, Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D, and Comics Fan Podcast

07:32 min | 1 year ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on Nuff Said: The Marvel, Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D, and Comics Fan Podcast

"Real lives before you hear me because i can't take out either. I just started okay. I can start hearing now. Yeah okay yeah yeah i know. Are you getting the storm right now. No no i don't. I don't know what's going on. There's a big storm in the area. They're saying it's really severe but it's not around any of us. So i don't know i mean you cut out for a second and then But the but then you're back. But what. I'm what i'm saying is is that within the time variance. They are as we've seen. They all had lives before this but they don't know that had rice the fourth and switch go right right right. What was it. We didn't know this until syllabi tells us that at the end but right at the beginning of the episode they give us a clue as to that you know we didn't catch it until the end of the all the via tell us that right before getting but this is the thing the the the the people may be being wiped. They may be having their memories. We uploaded lend. That's they say. Time passes differently in the tv because maybe time doesn't pass as differently as they say but they don't realize that time is passing differently because they just know that they have these gaps in their memory and they just assume. Oh yes. I'm facin differently for me. And you imagine that you know within that concept you know a guy like moebius really is you know what's the word i wanna use for this. He is a hapless on. Well my response. We have seoul farm. he's he hit. His tone is at salt and he is. He is aware of a lot of things. But he's also intentionally being blinded things and there was actually arguably a hinton this before when moebius is in the office with wrestler and he puts his drink on the table and the Rensselaer's just put a coaster says there's already rings on the table and she says yes and they're all from you and he kind of has. It looked like wednesday. Put a ring on the table. Because from his perspective all those events were wiped or were you know pruned if you will from his mind from his memory or or there are different versions of him different variants of him that she's working with and she hasn't deployed different versions of deployed to different areas. And they're all him and they all come and have the same patterns and leave the little rings on there and yeah no technically it. Is you know there's lots of possibilities with this. And that's what makes it so interesting But this is a this is kind of a bottle episode. Lotta people colder the doctor who episode because basically takes place in a quarry which know is and actually that's the plotline is the lament. This is like a planet that's just being mind for because it was uninhabited and this species has come here just to mind minded and then ready twenty people there. What the hell are they doing there. They live there and what can how can i. How would he told you that. You live on a planet called lamented money. That's the best place you can think of to go someplace lamented cut. They have money because they're observing their mining stocks already. That's essentially the way. So they have the they have the claim on the mind for the various mineral. Mineral rights to deadwood. And your your stake your claim and you get your comstock lode. I guess it's of like in the dune books like house. Atrocities has control of the planet iraqis because they create the spice. So it's not a great place to live it's all desert and whatnot and it's rough but that's where all the power comes from. That's where all the money comes from exactly and if you if you're not there and to be fair there's probably a lot of people that are tangentially rich so there over the elite class. They may not be quote unquote rich. But they're the person who handles the money for the rich person. They're very near the artists. That do the work for the crafts technocrats. So that you know. The the mining engineer is on the train. The mine worker probably not. You know the mind that creates gets on the train but bill. There's lots of hand we can get more because the penance. That can be worth much after today. anyway that's the sad part but the thing is how quickly is this. Moon aggressing upon the planet. Because did they not have any time to say. Oh man things bigger than it was yesterday. And how many of those days did they spend thinking all right. Well this is where bureaucracy comes into play all these rich people run lament anyway is like well. We don't want to leave. What am i have a saying doing cross money. It's gonna cost. Money are ready in time to leave. You know we're going to be able to stock it with the best caviar. How long is at. Its kind of you get the feeling that like they were the authors of their own destruction. Yes you know. They said well if we you know the scientists say it'll be here in twenty four hours which means we've got twenty four hours to take care of what we need to take care of you know and actually it's probably been a month you know so just leave on the thirtieth and it'll all crash down and you know just after we leave and what that'd be a beautiful sendoff edible. Get the biggest shopping a all. I could see that too. Yeah and that's why they all to die. So there is a living tribunal order to the universe that's the wheel of karma. See what happens anyways so. Yeah but You know I like the scene. One of my favorite teams in this is when they come across the old lady. Week did i. Which is that was great. Yes 'cause obviously. I gotta save for being a low-key she's not very bright or like has very much tack she's prone to emotional outbursts. She doesn't seem to be very much in control of herself. She doesn't seem at least we don't know what her broader plans are but she does not seem like a local at all this very about her and even like this idea that i am sylvie now i am not a low-key you know i have different like i. It just doesn't seem very key to me. You're talking.

moebius hinton Rensselaer Lotta sylvie
Sole Survivor: The 1869 Yellow Jacket Silver Mine Fire

State of Fear Podcast

05:19 min | 2 years ago

Sole Survivor: The 1869 Yellow Jacket Silver Mine Fire

"April seventh eighteen, sixty, nine, the miners of gold hills yellow jacket mine said goodbye to their families and went to work like any other day. They had no idea that many of them wouldn't ever make it back home. Later that morning uncontrollable methane fire broke out at the minds eight hundred foot level collapsing timbers, and quickly spreading to neighbouring minds. The miners were trapped below with no chance for escape in what was probably the worst mining accident in Nevada history. Yeah. They used to have those methane lamps the did in the minds and they would go out if the methane levels got to a certain level and. Stuff like the candles. And Methane Cub Blam Yeah Oh. Yeah. I mean, I worry about that a lot too because I have a buddy. My best. But up in Idaho Jim Belton he works in a silver mine too and I always worry about them I. mean they have air blast it's. Very dangerous. I got nothing but mad respect for minors man yeah. It's hard work. Hammer Dangerous Oh. Yeah. Working deep any earth as a minor is a job with many hazards including poison gases, explosions collapses, floods, and fires to name a few. To minors like James Dunlavey, the risks were just part of the job. Dunlavey did not dwell on those dangers as he worked in the yellow jacket mine in Gold Hill Nevada, the mind and sister mineshafts were burrowed more than one thousand feet into the Earth as they extracted silver from the comstock lode. Each labyrinth of Mining Chamber was supported with heavy timbering in this tinderbox would minors lit their work with candles or lamps in the US blasting powder fractured the or for removal? The yellow jacket was a great silver producing property at the extreme southern end of the comstock lode. Nothing was more feared by gold and silver miners in a fire in a mine. As the pockets of or a cut away taken out cavities or chambers are created. The overhanging ledges of rocks are supported by Timbers to prevent the rock from caving following the tunnels are drifts reaching out for hundreds of feet in many directions from the shaft completely lined with beams and boards. Sometimes enormous cavities in a mine created by the removal of great pockets of or require eight, hundred and nine hundred thousand feet of timber that is. As Lot would yeah, it is. That's a that's a lot of flammable dangerous would had certainly is. Once again mad props because I have seen some of these things. You've seen it in movies I've seen it in real life. Yeah. It's some of these areas they are vast. Hoping for for your one hundred yards in some cases. And there's nothing supporting this rock, right? Right. I mean it's solid rock. It's holding together but man what is like caves but this is man made stuff see. So you know cave ins and stuff always dangerous. The shaft is face with heavy timbers links a deep and well-worked mind becomes a stupendous subterranean honeycomb of lumber. If a fire broke out any part of the lower levels of a deep mine, it would create a difficult situation for firefighters to get to any minors below level or beyond the point in the drift where fire occurs have little to no chance to survive. They are almost certainly killed before the fire reaches him by suffocation from gases or smoke that reached him I. Yep, and it Burns all the oxygen. Now, the chef exactly no suffocate drop them. It's bad. The comstock minds went down two to three thousand feet into the sides of Mount Davidson which increase the danger of fire would cause. So around eight am on Tuesday. April six, eighteen, sixty, nine. The nightshift miners were clocking out in the early days shift honors coming in. A careless minor perhaps tired from a long night or just excited to be heading home left a candle burning on a wall of timber. Some nine hundred feet deep in the mind which eventually set fire to supporting timbers food. The candle probably burned for hours and served as a life for the miners but having been left behind the flame eventually reached the pinewood on which it stood. The blaze started a chain reaction of disasters. Yeah. I bet it did Dunleavy who was working on the nine hundred foot level was alerted to the catastrophe when he heard the distinct crashing a falling rock. Debris tunnels forcing choking gases and dust into the yellow jacket in neighboring Kentucky Chefs. While running along the nine hundred foot level dunleavy spotted a wall of flame as he raced towards the main shaft, he gave the signal for fire, but the crackling of the Burn Pine Timbers was so loud that his warning shots were drowned out you. Dunleavy, remembered sending at the opening of the nine hundred foot level upon the yellow jacket shopped and heard the screams of minors on the levels below. Airport and from the Kentucky Mind acted like billows and fan configuration as it swept along the nine hundred and eight hundred foot levels and through the laterals to another neighboring mine. That is horrible. It's terrifying is. Horrible what a WAY TO GO TO UTAH? No, you would just. Yeesh the roof collapse around Dunleavy, and he began to choke on the fumes and dust he lay on the floor and pulled a heavy overcoat over himself. This act helped save his life. He was the sole survivor of the nine miners nine hundred foot level. He slipped into unconsciousness and did not wake until hours after he had been rescued

Dunleavy Comstock Lode James Dunlavey Kentucky Nevada Gold Hill Nevada Idaho Mining Chamber Comstock United States Jim Belton Utah Mount Davidson Billows
"comstock lode" Discussed on Heartland Newsfeed Radio Network

Heartland Newsfeed Radio Network

02:17 min | 2 years ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on Heartland Newsfeed Radio Network

"At the life of Charlie McCarthy not Edgar Bergen. But Charlie McCarthy yeah and it was sponsored by Philip Morris cigarettes so you know it wasn't just a sample show was currently a very deeply sponsored show anyway. We thank you for joining us on this Sunday. It is the first day of March Sixtieth Day of twenty twenty thirty three hundred and five days remaining until we get to the end of the city of Rio de Janeiro. Founded on this date in fifteen sixty five. Georgina Massachusetts became the first incorporated city in the US in sixteen forty two. It is now known as York Maine. The same witch trials began in Salem village Massachusetts. Sixteen Ninety two continental Congress adopted the articles of confederation on this date in seventeen eighty one. The first census authorized in seventeen ninety. Happy Birthday Ohio. You were admitted his seventeenth state of the Union in Eighteen. Oh three justice Samuel Chase acquitted at the end of his impeachment trial by the Senate in eighteen o five a convention of delegates from fifty seven Texas communities convened in Washington on the brazos Texas in eighteen thirty six to deliberate independence from Mexico. President John Tyler signed a bill authorizing the US to annex the Republic of Texas in eighteen forty five. Happy Birthday Nebraska. You became a state on this date in eighteen sixty seven number thirty seven in fact Lancaster Nebraska Rename Lincoln and became the state capital Yellowstone National Park established in eighteen. Seventy two is the world's first national park e Remington and sons in Ileana in New York started production of first practical typewriter in eighteen. Seventy three on that same date out here. In the West Henry Comstock discovered the comstock lode. In Virginia City Albert Berry made the first parachute jumper moving airplane in one thousand nine hundred twelve and it was on this date in nineteen thirty two. The son of famed Aviator Charles Lindbergh Charles. Augustus Lindbergh the third was kidnapped. He was found over ten weeks later. Just four miles from the home. It would be over six months before the kidnapper.

Charlie McCarthy Augustus Lindbergh Texas US Charles Lindbergh Charles Georgina Massachusetts Lancaster Nebraska Rename Linc comstock lode Rio de Janeiro Salem village Massachusetts Henry Comstock Philip Morris President John Tyler Nebraska Samuel Chase Virginia City Yellowstone National Park York Maine Congress Ohio
"comstock lode" Discussed on Heartland Newsfeed Radio Network

Heartland Newsfeed Radio Network

02:14 min | 2 years ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on Heartland Newsfeed Radio Network

"Charlie McCarthy you and it was sponsored by Philip Morris cigarettes. So you know it wasn't just a sample show was apparently very deeply sponsored. Show anyway we thank you for joining us on this Sunday. It is the first day of March Sixtieth Day of twenty twenty five thirty three hundred five days remaining until we get to the end of the year City of Rio de Janeiro founded on this date in fifteen sixty five Georgeanne Massachusetts became the first incorporated city in the US and sixteen forty two. It is now known as York Maine. The same on which trials began in Salem Village Massachusetts in Sixteen Ninety two continental Congress adopted the articles of confederation on this date in seventeen eighty one the first census authorized in seventeen nineteen. Happy Birthday Ohio. You were admitted as a seventeenth state of the Union in Eighteen. Oh three justice Samuel Chase acquitted at the end of his impeachment trial by the Senate in eighteen zero five a convention of delegates from fifty seven Texas communities convened in Washington on the brazos Texas in eighteen thirty six to deliberate independence from Mexico. President John Tyler signed a bill authorizing the US to annex the Republic of Texas in eighteen forty five. Happy Birthday Nebraska. You became a state on this date in eighteen sixty seven number thirty seven in fact Lancaster Nebraska Rename Lincoln and became the state capital Yellowstone National Park established in eighteen. Seventy two is the world's first national park e Remington and sons in Ileana. New York started production of first practical typewriter in eighteen. Seventy three on that same date out here. In the West Henry Comstock discovered the comstock lode. In Virginia City Albert Berry made the first parachute jumping moving airplane in nineteen twelve and it was on this date in one thousand nine hundred thirty two. The son of famed Aviator Charles Lindbergh Charles. Augustus Lindbergh the third was kidnapped. You respond over ten weeks later just four miles from the home. It would be over six months before the kidnapper would be abducted.

Texas US Charles Lindbergh Charles Augustus Lindbergh Charlie McCarthy Lancaster Nebraska Rename Linc comstock lode Rio de Janeiro Salem Village Massachusetts Henry Comstock Philip Morris President John Tyler Nebraska Samuel Chase Yellowstone National Park Virginia City York Maine Massachusetts Ohio Congress
"comstock lode" Discussed on KGO 810

KGO 810

08:03 min | 2 years ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on KGO 810

"Radio dot com Borgnine is full of fascinating places and stories one of the must experiences I think I'd be I just experience it is on the Nevada side of Lake Tahoe just south of incline village it offers an amazing slice of northern California history that is all about bigger than life Californians starting in the gold rush on the San Mateo counties would side and then on to the Thunderbird lodge the entertaining fact filled tour of this nonprofit attraction is led by director of operations on large manager and captain of one of the greatest looking boats I've ever seen is Brad Carter now what you're about to hear from Brad is only a snippet just a snippet of the story about Thunderbird lodge that will come it'll burst out and come to life if you visit this incredible place I guarantee it Brad Carter talk about the man who created the Thunderbird lodge hi John yeah this is a story about a man named George we're told you in your who in the nineteen thirties inherited and make a fortune he chose Lake Tahoe for his summer home and he bought at twenty seven miles of land on the east shore of Lake Tahoe and had over forty thousand acres and he built his castle in the middle of it this castle has underground tunnels it has a opium den and just amazing history amazing story of this fascinating now I think that food to the title six hundred foot travel I mean that's six hundred foot tunnel under this thing just eight it's hard to believe what he did FOR the OPM band he even had but that they had a place that was a caged room in just off of the channel all we do we don't want to talk about that too because that would bring in that but George yeah I'd I mean George will what who was the I mean what was it character I mean you talked about a lot of things he was his personality in the travel around the world eccentric centers at time of bid about him well he made his money the hard way he inherited it and he decided he would never work a day in his life he traveled the world he liked fast cars fast women he loved to gamble he love to drink he did everything that the doctor today tells us not to do that the eighty nine years old yeah I'm he got wind of the die he died in nineteen sixty nine also you said this was gold that it came at it but I his relatives brought out his mom and dad wasn't and and he at today's dollar that he was a millionaire absolutely right yeah the the the fortune originated in the California Gold Rush from his grandparents on both sides mom and dad met combined that those two fortune and his dad spent his life as a businessman continuing to grow the fortune George was also able to talk his father into pulling out the family fortune I'm from the stock market one week before the crash their fortune remained intact throughout the Great Depression how do you know any evidence on what what he he well he will already group connected it with the higher ups so he must have got something from them and he got he got out yeah you know that it is a fact they pulled the money out a week before the the stock market crash there is no we don't have any information on it he was tipped off or he was part of the group that basically because the panic all right now Brad Carter let's get up from the tunnel and into the large give us what you can and you gotta be there when when Brad is talking about this large you're they're seeing what he's talking about and it is unbelievable some of it but so let's go inside and use your descriptive ability and talents to talk about the lodge what what is entirely unique it's built out of all kind of native organic stones and lumber it's a Scandinavian design inside the lodge it's completely symmetrical miss that kind of and what kind of give you an insight into George I would tell and how eccentric he went if you stand in the middle of the lodging you look to the left and you look to the right it's like a mirror image fireplaces on both sides Johnson is on the walls he even has in wall fish aquariums that are identical on both sides everything is isn't symmetrical down to the light switches looking out into Lake Tahoe it's just an amazing deal it's kind of up on a kind of a rocky bench and you're just kind of looking down on the lake and it's just spectacular I it's on the east shore if you get that afternoon sun sitting out on the terrace of of the lodge the castle itself are the afternoon sun heats up the stone walls and then when the sun goes down the stone walls radiate heat you can sit there and enjoy a glass of wine well into the evening and be warm on those cool summer nights now he loved to gamble and he knew a lot of multi millionaires or multi billionaires tell us a story tell the story about the one I remember about gambling session including kings beach and how it got its name yes this was that George would tell whether at the table he has a card house which is billed expo it's especially for high stakes poker and this is the last about eleven card houses on the lake during that era this is after the lumbar area which were caused by the Comstock lode silver rest in Virginia city and you had all of these lumber Behrens are big property owners that guy had nothing but money in time so their pastime was to gamble and they would host poker night this particular night did not happen at George's card how's it happened at another one but he was in fact there and it involved a guy named Joe king who wasn't a lumber Baron but was friends with one of the gentleman that was at the game one of the guys lost all the money in which he brought to gamble with so he wrote out a deed to some of the family's property and joking as it's a sad one at hand and the next day need to kings beach it's our games I mean the story you know read a story after story after story of Californians now one of the and let me see yeah Dave aren't anyone all I know what we can't miss this that both of which among other things I mean here you are the director of operations in the lodge manager also you're the captain of this incredible boat talk about the boat because it is called a Thunderbird it is beautiful it is amazing it is hands down the most prestigious both putting on Lake Tahoe it's a R. fifty five sports hacker craft built in nineteen thirty nine it's almost hard Guinea and it's got this use a large airplane looking cover on it that is designed to emulate wanted to teach you to airplanes so it is it is the most unique boat on the lake it has twin Alice in aircraft engines these engines were in World War two fighter planes there V. twelve and they're super charged each producing eleven hundred horsepower trees wasn't the one given to him by Harrah no he sold it to bill here later on in his life it was the one that kinda hot ride it out with those big engines and bill here I used it to entertain his celebrity guests when they come up and stay in performing his casino ballroom and bill here called the boat his seventy mile an hour floating cocktail lounges now here's what you must do if you're as interested I became very interested having heard about it and went and if you're interested in finding out more about the Thunderbird lodge go to Thunderbird Tahoe dot org Thunderbird Tahoe dot org is a non profit so people are contributing.

Lake Tahoe Nevada California
"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

AP News

02:05 min | 2 years ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

"Baseball's all time hits leader is again asking Major League Baseball to end his life time ban saying the penalty he agreed to back in nineteen eighty nine is unfair compared with discipline for steroid use an electronic sign stealing roses lawyers submitted the application Wednesday to baseball commissioner rob Manfred who already denied a request from rose back in December of twenty fifteen the petition argues roses penalty is too severe considering the penalties levied for recent wrongdoing by ownership management and players rose agreed to the band after an investigation for MLB found he plays to numerous bets on the Cincinnati Reds to win from nineteen eighty five to nineteen eighty seven all while playing for and managing the team in twenty fifteen Manfred said Rosa still hasn't accepted any of the wrongdoing outlined in the report rose turned seventy nine in April and has asked to meet with Manfred he also wants the hall of fame to change its policy of it keeps them off the ballot the director of the U. S. meant as giving the keynote address at the one hundred fiftieth anniversary celebration of the Carson city mint the men inside what's now the Nevada state museum began producing coins from the silver and gold or of the nearby Comstock lode on February fourth eighteen seventy U. S. director David Ryder joins governor Steve says a lack and others in the ceremonial striking of US special subsequent Tenniel silver medallion on the historic coin press number one it's the original press used to produce the first coins bearing the CC mintmark the Dodgers get what they hope is the missing piece of their World Series puzzle putting together a blockbuster three team deal with the red Sox bottom thirds outfielder Mookie Betts and left handed starter David price to allay for outfielder Alex Verdugo meanwhile Minnesota will get right hander kept up my data from the Dodgers lost in the pitching prospect bruise dark rather all to Boston the Dodgers will also be cash from the red Sox to offset some of the hundred twenty three billion dollars owed to bed to have the price will change list is eager for a World Series title after losing in twenty seventeen and eighteen and any bets is back.

Steve Carson rob Manfred red Sox Boston Minnesota Alex Verdugo Mookie Betts Dodgers US Baseball David Ryder Comstock lode Nevada state museum director Rosa Cincinnati Reds commissioner
"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

AP News

02:16 min | 2 years ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

"The world the Associated Press that the network of volunteer photographers are taking pictures to show how high the water line gets and where the water goes during so called the king tides the upload images for scientists policymakers and city planners to use as they study and prepare for the effects of climate change the photos show where flooding occurs on specific roads or gives clues about whether it's safe to build new housing the group's efforts have grown into a smartphone app that uses crowdsourcing to gather images and pinpoint flooding citizen science sister preparing to document this winter's final king tide February eight through tenth off the US west coast followed by one in New Zealand on February twelfth funding changes could be coming to the B. B. C. as AP correspondent Charles de Ledesma reports Britain's governments considering a change which would severely dump the coffers of the nation's public broadcaster the government wants to hold a public consultation on whether to stop charging people with a criminal offense if they don't pay the annual funding charge which currently stands at around two hundred dollars a year that will cost the gets most of its money from this license fee paid by every television owning household in the country failure to pay can result in a fine or in rare cases a prison offense the BBC Britain's largest media organization has its critics which say its funding model is no longer appropriate in a digital media world Charles de Ledesma London the director of the U. S. mentors giving the keynote address at the one hundred fiftieth anniversary celebration of the Carson city mint the men inside what's now the Nevada state museum began producing coins from the silver and gold or of the nearby Comstock lode on February fourth eighteen seventy U. S. director David Ryder joins governor Steve says a lack and others in the ceremonial striking of US special sauce with ten you'll silver medallion on the historic coin press number one it's the original press used to produce the first coins bearing the CC mintmark the Senate finds president trump not guilty a B. soccer Madani with more the respondent.

Comstock lode president Carson BBC US trump Senate Steve David Ryder Associated Press Nevada state museum director Charles de Ledesma London Britain Charles de Ledesma New Zealand
"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

AP News

02:26 min | 2 years ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

"Tens of thousands of artifacts feared lost in a building fire in Manhattan's tried what's now the Nevada state museum began producing coins from the silver and gold or of the nearby Comstock lode on February fourth eighteen seventy U. S. director David Ryder joins governor Steve says a lack and others in the ceremonial striking of US special Saskatoon you'll silver medallion on the historic coin press number one it's the original press used to produce the first coins bearing the CC mintmark the US trade deficit has fallen for the first time in six years AP correspondent my camp and reports the gap between what the U. S. cells and what it buys a broad dropped nearly two percent last year two six hundred sixteen billion dollars the commerce department says US exports dropped but imports fell more creating the trade gap decrease president trump hit China with import taxes and the Chinese trade deficit dropped almost eighteen percent but many economists argue that trade deficits are largely the result of an economic reality that doesn't respond to changes in trade policy that Americans spend more than they produce and imports fill the gap my camp in Washington baseball's all time hits leader is again asking Major League Baseball to end his life time ban saying the penalty he agreed to back in nineteen eighty nine is unfair compared with discipline for steroids use an electronic sign stealing roses lawyers submitted the application Wednesday to baseball commissioner rob Manfred who already denied a request from rose back in December of twenty fifteen the petition argues roses penalty is too severe considering the penalties levied for recent wrongdoing by ownership management and players rose agreed to the band after an investigation for M. L. B. found he plays to numerous bats on the Cincinnati Reds to win from nineteen eighty five to nineteen eighty seven all while playing for and managing the team in twenty fifteen members had roses still hasn't accepted any of the wrongdoing outlined in the report rose turned seventy nine in April and has asked to meet with Manfred he also wants the hall of fame to change its policy of it keeps them off the ballot I'm the role she played prize fighter tough guy maverick general and troubled artist in Derry actor Kirk Douglas is dead my cross it has more he was simply an.

Major League Baseball rob Manfred Washington president AP director Kirk Douglas Cincinnati Reds M. L. B. commissioner Manhattan China commerce department Saskatoon US Steve David Ryder Comstock lode Nevada state museum
"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

AP News

02:16 min | 2 years ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

"Scotch whisky distilleries seem unfazed by brexit a dozen new Scotch whisky distilleries opened in Scotland in the past three years Scotland exported over five point two billion dollars worth of Scotch whiskey worldwide in twenty eighteen according to the Scotch whisky association the E. U. represents thirty percent of that market in value followed by the United States which has twenty seven percent but demand in China India and other markets in Asia is growing Scotch whiskey also attracts foreigners from across the globe around two million people visit the one hundred thirty Scottish distilleries each year most of them are tourists the director of the U. S. mentors giving the keynote address at the one hundred fiftieth anniversary celebration of the Carson city mint the men inside what's now the Nevada state museum began producing coins from the silver and gold or of the nearby Comstock lode on February fourth eighteen seventy U. S. director David Ryder joins governor Steve so Salak and others in the ceremonial striking of US special Saskatoon you'll silver medallion Superbowl bats led to brisk business around the country at sports books on Sunday this year's Superbowl was forecast to be among the most heavily wagered on championship games ever people but on everything from the coin toss at the start of the game to the color of the Gatorade dumped on the winning coach Kansas city's anti read at the end of it revenue reports which first started trickling in on Monday night included the fifty four point two million wagered on by gamblers in New Jersey Sir passing the thirty four point eight million New Jersey gamblers but on last year in New Hampshire which only began sports betting on December thirtieth gamblers but more than two point three million on the Superbowl I read a volley with an ABC news minute standing right behind president trump house speaker Nancy Pelosi ripped up her copy of his state of the union address as he finished delivering it before Congress last night the president spoke of the great American comeback days of our country being used take advantage of and even scorned by other nations are long behind us AP correspondent Zeke Miller in Washington he saw the president take credit for essentially making America great again delivering.

New Hampshire ABC New Jersey Kansas Salak Carson America Washington Zeke Miller president Congress Nancy Pelosi Scotland Gatorade Saskatoon Steve David Ryder Comstock lode
"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

AP News

02:23 min | 2 years ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

"Almonds used to be listed as having a hundred seventy calories per serving the researchers now say they could be less and that depends on if the almonds are raw cooked or ground up into butter the Associated Press reports research by the US department of agriculture funded by almond growers showed for each ounce of almost participants eight that's about a handful they digested about a hundred thirty calories with the remaining forty calories expelled as waste researchers also found cooking and grinding helped break down the cell walls and almonds freeing more calories for digestion roasted almonds had slightly more digestible calories than raw almonds and when the nuts were ground up into almond butter nearly all the calories were digested despite their findings regarding almonds researchers said the calorie counts use for most other foods are fairly accurate the director of the U. S. mentors giving the keynote address at the one hundred fiftieth anniversary celebration of the Carson city mint the men inside what's now the Nevada state museum began producing coins from the silver and gold or of the nearby Comstock lode on February fourth eighteen seventy U. S. director David Ryder joins governor Steve says a lack and others in the ceremonial striking of US special sauce with ten you'll silver medallion on the historic coin press number one it's the original press used to produce the first coins bearing the CC mintmark after her hands were crushed by her car while changing a tire on the side of a South Carolina interstate one woman had to think fast and she did it with her feet Collison county fire rescue so the unnamed woman who's fifty four got a flat tire while driving on a rule stretch of I. ninety five Sunday evening while putting on the spare tire the Jack slipped causing our hands to get stuck between the tire and the founder over the next thirty five minutes and despite what she called excruciating pain the woman was able to slide offer shoot manipulate her cell phone and called nine one one fire rescue crews just happened to be nearby clearing the scene of another incident and arrived in less than ten minutes after she was freed from the card was given some much needed pain medication she was transported to the hospital she reportedly did suffer some pretty bad injuries to both hands and all of her fingers I'm in the choir president trump is delivering his third state of the union address pride is restored and.

Associated Press director Nevada state museum Comstock lode David Ryder Steve South Carolina founder trump US department of agriculture Carson US Collison county president
"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

AP News

02:08 min | 2 years ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

"Your listening to the AP digital news network the European union's rejected president trump's proposal for securing peace in the Middle East and as AP correspondent Charles Taylor does my reports it's also expressing concern about Israel's plans to annex more Palestinian land in a statement E. U. foreign policy chief chose appareil underlined the books commitment to a two state solution for the region bass along nineteen sixty seven lines with the possibility of mutually agreed land swaps made up of the state of Israel and he says an independent democratic contiguous sovereign and viable state of Palestine the president's plan unveiled last week we will see the eventual creation of a Palestine state but it falls far short of minimal Palestinian the moms and it would leave sizeable chunks of the occupied west bank in Israeli hands I'm Charles de Ledesma the director of the U. S. mint is giving the keynote address at the one hundred fiftieth anniversary celebration of the Carson city mint the men inside what's now the Nevada state museum began producing coins from the silver and gold or of the nearby Comstock lode on February fourth eighteen seventy U. S. director David Ryder joins governor Steve says a lack and others in the ceremonial striking of US special sauce with ten you'll silver medallion on the historic coin press number one it's the original press used to produce the first coins bearing the CC mintmark a Spanish court has raised the sentence against a former bank presidents found guilty of trying to smuggle a painting by Pablo Picasso out of the country the Madrid court announced the decision to raise the sentence against find X. banking to head home may both seen to three years instead of eighteen months the move came after the prosecution detected an error in the original sentence handed down last month the court also raise the amount by team was fined from fifty two point four million euros to ninety one point seven million the trial lasted heard how a team of Spanish state of the union I'm Tim acquire than AP news minute in the house president of.

Nevada state museum US Carson E. U. AP Madrid court Pablo Picasso Steve David Ryder Comstock lode European union director Charles de Ledesma president Palestine appareil Israel
"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

AP News

01:32 min | 2 years ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

"More calories for digestion roasted almonds had slightly more digestible calories than raw almonds and when the nuts were ground up into almond butter nearly all the calories were digested despite their findings regarding almonds researchers said the calorie counts use for most other foods are fairly accurate the director of the U. S. mint is giving the keynote address at the one hundred fiftieth anniversary celebration of the Carson city mint the men inside what's now the Nevada state museum began producing coins from the silver and gold or of the nearby Comstock lode on February fourth eighteen seventy U. S. director David Ryder joins governor Steve says the lack and others in the ceremonial striking of US special Saskatoon you'll silver medallion on the historic coin press number one it's the original press used to produce the first coins bearing the CC mintmark a Spanish court has raised the sentence against a former bank presidents found guilty of trying to smuggle a painting by public the cast so out of the country the Madrid court announced the decision to raise the sentence against find X. banking to head home may both seen to three years instead of eighteen months the move came after the prosecution detected an error in the original sentence handed down last month the court also raise the amount by the team was fined from fifty two point four million euros to ninety one point seven million the trial lasted heard how a team of Spanish state of the union I'm Tim acquire than AP news minute in the house president.

director Nevada state museum Comstock lode David Ryder Steve US Saskatoon Madrid court president Carson
"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

AP News

02:23 min | 2 years ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on AP News

"After her hands were crushed by her car while changing a tire on the side of a South Carolina interstate one woman had to think fast and she did it with her feet Collison county fire rescue serve the unnamed woman who's fifty four got a flat tire while driving on a rule stretch of I. ninety five Sunday evening while putting on the spare tire the Jack slipped causing our hands to get stuck between the tire and the founder over the next thirty five minutes and despite what she called excruciating pain the woman was able to slide offer shoot manipulate her cell phone and called nine one one fire rescue crews just happened to be nearby clearing the scene of another incident and arrived in less than ten minutes after she was freed from the card was given some much needed pain medication she was transported to the hospital she reportedly did suffer some pretty bad injuries to both hands and all of her fingers the director of the U. S. mentors giving the keynote address at the one hundred fiftieth anniversary celebration of the Carson city mint the men inside what's now the Nevada state museum began producing coins from the silver and gold or of the nearby Comstock lode on February fourth eighteen seventy U. S. director David Ryder joins governor Steve so Salak and others in the ceremonial striking of US special sauce with Tenniel silver medallion on the historic coin press number one it's the original press used to produce the first coins bearing the CC mintmark almonds used to be listed as having a hundred seventy calories per serving the researchers now say they could be less and that depends on if the almonds are raw cooked or ground up into butter the Associated Press reports research by the US department of agriculture funded by almond growers showed for each ounce of almost participants eight that's about a handful they digested about a hundred thirty calories with the remaining forty calories expelled as waste researchers also found cooking and grinding helped break down the cell walls and almonds freeing more calories for digestion roasted almonds had slightly more digestible calories than raw almonds and when the nuts were ground up into almond butter nearly all the calories were digested despite their findings regarding almonds researchers said the calorie counts use for most other foods are fairly accurate president trump is delivering his third state of the union address pride is restored and for all.

Associated Press president US department of agriculture Tenniel US Steve Carson Collison county trump South Carolina Salak David Ryder Comstock lode Nevada state museum director founder
"comstock lode" Discussed on C-SPAN Radio

C-SPAN Radio

11:19 min | 3 years ago

"comstock lode" Discussed on C-SPAN Radio

"Bill funding a transcontinental railroad California was thinking about you don't believe me will take no matter with us because the Comstock lode in that had been discovered it so the whole western slope could spin off and become the specific Republic but once California was promised a railroad then those people who took four months to get out to California could imagine getting back in four days it changes everything another question perhaps yes so I don't know how my how to frame this question but to me the American west as a gift and it's the place with the most open land and obviously we're arguing on how to live on that land but I don't I wonder if it's to me it's such a gift that this country has what the American west happens I mean in the park lands into the open lands in still the dream even though we've we reach the west coast how do we keep that appreciation for what a unique this is a long story so how do we keep the west how to keep the dream of the west a lot well all every little bit on the premise of your question so the west has always been the the region of America's future and from the very beginning when farmers had kids and the kids couldn't find a farm right near they move west and Horace Greeley said you know go west young man Henry Thoreau said that his steps you know they they turn with an effort to the east but they traveled most freely to the west and the west was where there was always this new opportunity and the west there's this westward movement and the western was fairly steady and predictable until until the line of settlement to the edge of settlement reached the Mississippi River and then it ran up again as well hunter miles or so across the city it runs up against what at that time was called the great American desert and then something weird happens the the line of frontier the line a settlement leaps all the way to the Pacific with the discovery of gold in California and the migration to Oregon all of people going out to the very fertile land alley and there in between is the Great Plains which at that time is often called the great American desert and the Rocky Mountains and the right amounts in those days and it's important I think to keep in mind how people viewed the west and how they how they viewed scenery and how are you I sort of had to it figure out how to appreciate this because I'm a child of the twentieth century I grew up in Oregon an Oregon every other household has on the coffee table one of those big glossy books and on the cover and inside you can figure out from cover to cover his either Mount Hood snow covered mountains and so the insides things are thing or that our rocky Oregon coast with the waves crashing or crater lake or something like that and so natural beauty is this stuff to look at but in the nineteenth century natural beauty was not what you looked at natural beauty that's what the land could do for you so I include taxes in the trans Mississippi west and when Stephen Austin arrives in taxes in the early eighteen twenties he keeps a diary journal and he comes across that the city in Riverview comes into Texas and he goes through the region the Nacogdoches and then to you know Brian and financially Bastrop and so I went all the way to San Antonio there has to talk with an ex officials allege is always is gonna fall in Mexico City but the thing that struck me as I was reading his dire was how often he used the word beautiful to describe the land that he was saying and this puzzle me because you know as I say I grew up with natural beauty is a rocky mountain you know our snow covered mountain or this year very deep volcanic lake or something like that and what I was saying because I use a teacher Texas and I would drive to between Austin and causation a lot and is pretty much on the same route this Stephen Austin travel and what you see is nothing like that what you see is rolling countryside and you can tell specially or in the bottom line is you the brasses river for example of the Colorado this very fertile and what Austin was seeing was land it was beautiful from the perspective of somebody who is a farm who's gonna make his living growing stuff out of this ground and so that was the promise of the west and in fact this is I don't go into much for kind of factual historical tales but if the United States had not acquired the trans Mississippi west let's say until nineteen hundred then it's history would have been very different because I do this exercise with my students so from seventy seventy six accounting of the United States until now you'll see after the next each generation for the next eighty years the many domain in the United States doubles in size so at the end of the revolutionary war the ISIS gets the eastern half of the business he repaired river in eighteen oh three the Louisiana Purchase the western half of the Mississippi valley and then the the the session from Mexico in eighteen forty six in the acquisition of Oregon so the lan and domain of the United States is constantly increasing why because the United States had a rapidly growing population they were nearly all farmers and a growing population farmers needs more land and then and then the X. the turtle expansion the United States comes to a screeching halt the last bit of territory purchased acquired really why was Alaskan in eighteen sixty seven and that was just a sort of a wild card but so the question I pose much as opposed to you now why did it stop it had been going relentlessly for the previous eighty years and now it's stop and it really never picked up so add in Hawaii okay and the Porter Rico in the Philippines for a while but they were given back why did it stop and I should point out that there was a time in the middle of the nineteenth century in the age of so called manifest destiny which really is vastly overblown well in in the eighteen forties honors a bunch of who he most up but this is what your policy seekers sat with those people the ones who really thought in terms of turtle expansion they were thinking that the United States will become this continental Republic and you might think that we are Connell Republican we span from the Atlantic the second they were talking about from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from Panama to the Arctic Ocean and if you're looking to have the United States were not even answer that so continental isn't never really caught on why not why did the territory expansion stop people stop being farmers H. W. brands have book people bookstore in Aust dreams of El Dorado so it because if your Jack Thomas Jefferson you know as president the United States you're trying to basically provide jobs for your people this is what presidents do if they're lots of jobs and they get reelected well jobs in those days meant farms but after the industrial revolution jobs don't come from farms anymore so you don't need it anymore but your question was so how do we the west it's a long one was saying I don't know I mean I don't have any I don't have any magic formula but one of one of the principal characters in my book is John your and John your was one of that first generation of people who look at the west not as this thing to exploit everybody else wants to exploit the west and if there is a single story the American west it's everybody who goes out there to seize the natural resources of the west whether it's land or whether it's cattle grazing or buffalo or gold or silver or water or whatever it might be but you were is one of the first generation to say we need to preserve we need to preserve it just as it is you cannot improve on Yosemite and he was sufficiently persuasive to talk to people like theater Roosevelt who came to the the same idea and this question so what is the future of the west and the date it remains contest it and it's fair to say that the idea that there are certain parts of the west that should be simply laughed as they are that idea is fairly secure but whether there is that those parts should be expanded whether it's encroachments can be made into wilderness areas within the rose all this stuff it's the old battle our weather still is in the west more probably more in the west and east there still is this idea of the west as this resource to be exploited and so if you're a cattle rancher and Wyoming you know you might decide we need to continue to graze cattle on this public went there also develops in the United States in the west in a way that you don't see really in the east much actually deceit and taxes for the last this idea that if you live on the land you develops waters right because one of the stories the west is that nearly most of the west originates as public land and in the nineteenth century the the ease all as well as the the basic philosophy what's what's in the public domain we need to privatize as quickly as possible get it into individual hands and it's only with your resulting in twentieth century the value wait where we gotta stop there some of the stuff we need a whole lot and it is still the case that the west is the part of the country that is still in some states they're still mostly in federal hands and there's a great irony here and one of things I book is all the irony is that surround the last the west is the repository of them the myth of American individualism but in fact collectivism has been at the heart of the story the west from the very beginning starting with the acquisition of the west individuals didn't go out and conquer bits of territory the land was acquired by the United States collectively and then individuals go on they create these these ideologies of it's just us against the land anyway I think we've run out of time and I certainly don't want to talk past the sale and I hope you all one of the things I do need to remind you that there are not very many shopping days until Christmas and books make wonderful gifts they flatter the intelligent of colleges of the recipient as well as of the giver so don't just think one think of the half a dozen people who need this for thank you very much this event took place late October people bookstore in Austin Texas H. W. brands.

Bill California Comstock lode eighty years four months four days