36 Burst results for "Cold War"
Fresh update on "cold war" discussed on The John Phillips Show
"Stagflation. That's part of the reason that George H. W. Bush lost his reelection in 1992. People weren't happy with the economy. We are the end of the Cold War, which completely turned our economy upside down. So many of the of the dads that of the kids I went to school with worked in the aerospace industry or they were in the military. They built planes they built rockets. They served our country. Well after the Cold War ended all these air force bases. All these military bases closed down and mass. And aerospace moved out of the state and suddenly we were left without our driving industry. It just suddenly We woke up one day and it was gone. If you want a movie to watch that will show you exactly what Los Angeles was like back, then watch the movie falling down with Michael Douglas. That was really what life was like in Los Angeles. And everyone thought it would never get better. People were leaving the city. After the L A riots. You could buy homes in Hancock Park for next to nothing. The values drop that dramatically people wanted out. And just when everyone thought that things were hopeless, and l a would never bounce back. What happened? There is a correction. Dick reared and decided to run for mayor. Who was an old rich white Republican who had never been elected to office before. And he put his name on the ballot and he won. He beat Michael Wu, the councilman, that the power structure got behind and he beat him like a drum and then won re election by stopping all over Tom Hayden. And left office, a popular mayor of Los Angeles, and he fixed the city. When the Northridge quake happened, Everyone thought Oh, my God, These freeways are falling apart. We were not gonna be able to put him back together against. He got him built lickety split. And the city was better because of it. The point is not that Republicans in and of themselves will be Competitive in California. Because this public will somehow see the light one day. Or change their politics. You can't have the abuses of the majority gets so severe and so obvious that there is a course correction. Well, we have that in the next election. I don't know. It depends on how pissed people are. It depends on how long the shutdown lasts. It depends on what type of quality candidates are attracted to put their name on the ballot. But if I were Gavin Newsom and I were the fake doctor and I, with the Board of Supervisors Would pay attention to what happened in California in the 19 nineties and with the recall election Because just when you think you're not beatable You find out that you are It's 2 25. Let's take a look at the roads. BBC. Dependable traffic.
Andbox Hosts WarzoneMania & Thoughts on the Balance Between Warzone and the CDL
"Blizzard has an interesting situation on hand with Wars. Oh, even after the release of Call of Duty cold war war zone Remains the most popular mode of the game. Although it's much closer than it was during Modern Warfare last year on Twitch as I write this today, The war zone has a total viewership of 81.5 thousand while Call of Duty Cold War has a viewership of 80.9 thousand. So just a 600 viewer difference across all streams between those two games and all of these Sports history. I can't remember any major sport that has not a mode more popular than the one the East Fork competes it I think it may have happened in Starcraft once upon a time, but I never played so I can't say for sure. Okay during The Last Call of Duty season. He brought on war zone weekends as an added event ahead of each Home Series Grand finals going into this upcoming season. I expect them to have a more concrete structure laid out for ways to incorporate war zone into the overall plan of the Call of Duty league tonight. We might get a glimpse of what that could look like the New York sub liners backed by an box are hosting their first war zone Mania vent. The actual event will be held on December 10th and 12 tonight at 9 p.m. Eastern time on twitch.tv / sub liners will be a draft a celebrity Captain's pick players their war zone Squad is a total price full of 100 Grand dedicated to this event. So the draft will go a long way in determining who gets that money. The host of the event will be Chris Puckett. Also the host of e Sports networks gamer our a new episode for the game or our will also be coming out at the same times that broadcast rubber 6 p.m. PT every Tuesday, but hey, there's no such thing as too much Chris Puckett in one night. If you ask me, I think this event highlights the value of war zone to the Call of Duty Esports wage. System while a b. We'll be able to implement a draft format. Like we will have tonight just due to the structured nature of the Call of Duty League the ability for Call of Duty League teams to use war zone for events. Like this seems pretty lucrative going forward. There are a ton of branding opportunities here and undoubtedly some spots for sponsorship as well knowing am box and their long list of brand Partners. There will be some big ones attached to this event
How Airline Pilot Jim Allen Got His Aviation Start In The Navy
"Tell us how you got your start in aviation a pay I grew up as an air. Force brat flu beef forty seven feet fifty twos in a one So i was always excited about aviation from that. My dad passed away when i was a teenager so I think that kind of cemented the hero worship for for my dad. You know in those days. And i just you know as always we we moved from you know we were on the air force base for a while we lived in iowa and then kansas after my dad passed away to live where my mom's parents were in a big open skies. And you're always looking up to see what was going on up there because you know. I was just kind of bored in small town. Kansas and My uncle taught me how to fly. When i was nineteen years old Down in rockport texas. What kind of airplane of piper warrior and I just you know even though it was a little stressful because he was kind of a screamer why it was it was i love going flying solo but when he was in the airplane i was just a little bit stressed out but i still have his His voice in the site you know in in my ear every time i'm not lined up for the centerline of it in even in a seven thirty seven. Now it's get get lined up with. What's wrong with you that just use a spring but it was i'm just curious You have a relative teaching to fly when you're not in the airplane. What was your relationship with him like. Yeah so i was staying in his In his house and that was it was just. It was a little stressful. But i in there were. There were times where he was like these. You really want to do this one. She just leave and things like that but when it was all said and done he was really proud. And i was proud and But i was his first and last student because nobody else wanted to deal with them. I guess but he. He came to my winging ceremony when i became a pilot And he was just proud a you know it is just the way life is. Sometimes you know it's not always good. It's not always bad. There's just getting bad mixed in but But i learned a lot. You know and i and i got the i got the license in like fifty five hours. I was there for two months from from zero to two private pilot just in the summer of nineteen eighty five. So that's the way to do a t to go. Full bore fly every day. If you can and get it out of the way right. Yeah and i saw that with the students that i flew with later so a way You go to college. I went to college at the university. Kansas and i was living in kansas can think. And why. why am i here in the first place. That's my mom's hometown. But i found out that the university of kansas was ranked in the top ten for aerospace engineering. And i was like well. That's pretty cool. You know so. That's that's what i wanted to learn. It was a tough program. But i got through it Actually with honors But i decided to join nato. otc The air force at the time was They weren't offering pilot slots Two people who were getting scholarships Be an engineer for the air force. And then you would compete for a scholarship later in a it just seemed a little too much ambiguity. Matt's of navy was saying we'll we'll give scholarship. You can figure out if you're gonna be a pilot toward the end of the program in You know it's needs of the navy. And all that kind of stuff so so turned out. When i got selected if i they told me i was going to be a pilot and then like they. You know four weeks later. I haven't graduated yet. They said well. We're sorry that we were badly in the back sears. Nfo's nfl stance from naval flight. Officer so i you know. Tail between my legs went down to pensacola tried to figure out a way to become a pilot and they said no dice Were just short on. Nfo's and that's in. You have a minute refractory error in your left dive. It's keeping you from minnesota. But i was twenty twenty in gotten in like six months before six months after they probably would let me go to the pilot program but at the time they just they were starving for back. Seniors in that may have been a blessing in disguise. Because like a year after. I got down there. They cut the bottom third out of pilot training navy wide because of the cold war drawdown and there were guys get sent home. We're getting cintas supply or know. They were surface warfare. That kinda thing and so it was. It was kind of an ugly time in the navy late eighties early nineties.
China lashes out at US withdrawal from open skies treaty
"Is criticizing the U. S over its withdrawal from the open skies treaty with Russia. Beijing says the move undermines military trust and transparency. The treaty allowed the U. S and Russia have overflight rights to inspect military facilities. Now, this only leaves one arms control pack still in place between the former Cold War foes. The new start treaty, which limits the number of nuclear warheads that each can have, and that treaty expires in February. Critics, including the Trump administration, complained that while Beijing is urging major countries to reach arms control agreements China is refusing to do so.
We've spent a week playing the new PS5: Here are our first impressions
"Week we were recording as our playstation five. Were arriving so we haven't got to spend much time with them yet. But now he's got a week of his five under our belts and we can share all of our impressions. I saw a justin. You have your five. I do okay. Okay who would like to begin. How have you've been finding your playstation five once. So i i've been playing spider man and i remember all the things i liked about their original spiderman which all good things One of the things. That's really funny. Is that spiderman. Look so much better than the rest of the game like every time. There's a cut scene or anything. I'm just like staring at the costume. It's so cool looking like the fabric and like the detail like his is opening and closing like apertures and stuff like that and like the city and stuff. It's just i kinda zipped through it now. And that's not. The remarkable part like the power of the playstation is in the cut scenes for me. That came really funny well especially when spiderman is actually a piece of snow with reflection on top of him he looked yes yes he's there's been some interesting glitches with spiderman before he turned into snow and trash for some people Brandon got a glitch where it was just the spider man costume torso completely empty like fully functional. Like and like you know. He does ski stealth mode in the scam. So just the halloween theme suit. Yes exactly maybe. he's porgy pigging. it will naked. So you're talking about Remastered right not. Miles morales telling talking about miles. Okay i want to try out remastered. I've really only played. Miles morales on the thus far. I think borbon is coming up. His camera for some reason doesn't want us to see what's going down over there okay. So you're you're saying you're playing spider man. Miles morales What do you think about the playstation five console itself in the sense. It's not a snappy as the xbox like to get in and out of game so turn it on stuff like it's just not as quick but of course it's a big jump over the last couple generations the controller. It's so cool. Like i'm so happy that there's a nexgen controller i. It's it's neat like the it feels like it has that quality of when the switch came out of like. Oh there's there's neat possibilities with this controller. But i also know that there's not because we're going to get this first wave games and then we're gonna get rumble and we might get used to it even if they don't use it in other games but i'm definitely like the first time you hold it on the subway and you feel the subway car moving or you. You're feeling you know any any type of stuff. In that game. It feels different and cool. It's not the most amazing game changing technology. But it's it's neat stacks jan. It's funny that you mentioned the switch. Because now we know that the same company the built hd rumble for the switch. Is the company that built the haptic feedback for the dual sense. Marina gonna say everybody keeps saying that astros playroom is like a really overlooked great title game of the year or at least one of those award considerations. I'm only kind of like briefly played through it mostly as like a demo for my brothers from ever trying to get more interested in video games So it is like the controller aspect is really cool. Because it's it's definitely like the demo showcase for that controller. I've also heard that call of duty. Does the same thing. Oklahoma ops showcase for that to place personally. Every gun in black ops cold war feels different. Yeah you mentioned. Astros player. That i played through the first level and totally fun. You know totally charming. I lo- i surprised. By how much like playstation fan service is littered all over the place. My favorite quote about that game comes from our own fearless leader pair schneider. Who said miyamoto's going to be so mad. He didn't make this. It is true though right. You know it's like people gave playstation a hard time with playstation all-stars where they have to cobble together. You know this you know mascots. In order to have a chance of competing with the intendo and their nostalgia factor. But like. I think that's really changed. The playroom team really gets playstation in in a little bit deeper. More reverential way I absolutely love playroom get enough of it. I think i'm going to go for the platinum. Where like i'm not like an achievements. I don't normally care to do that. But i'm kind of obsessed with it. And i think the music's really good and really charming and And i find that. The experience of playing that game with the dual sense is like so revelatory an awesome. It feels like magic. And it's like the dual sim controller and the in the in the the rumble in the triggers. Are my favorite thing about gen so
UK to bolster defense spending by 'most since Cold War'
"Today. The prime minister announced a once in a generation modernization of the armed forces as part of the integrated defence review which will give around sixteen billion pounds. The army of the next four years. James has quite a bowl claim from the prime minister. Dad do you think that's sort of once. In a generation modernization of stacks up or with covert we what so used to big numbers being thrown around twelve billion pounds testing trace but it is worth noting that this is significantly more money for defense van the government had promised dettori party app promised in its manifesto and it's very unusual that governments and not on popular things like defense spending spending more than they told the voters they would at the election. I think it reflects an attempt to fix this thing that has been around in politics. I already covering westminster six. The mo d black hole. Basically sucks money into the budget. Always attempt to fix that sent to modernize reporters weren't very different world. You have frequent different frets to the uk but exist in quite different spheres so in china. You'll have something that we haven't had since the end of the cold war which is a classic great power rival tweak. The uk's role in that is as supportive powers. Paul we're kind of american led coalition but by obviously he's going to cost money to deal with that then you have russia which is primarily exists in cyberspace. Disinformation all those kinds of issues. And then you have the continuing terrorist threat. And because you're having to deal with three different for us at take place in three different theaters. That is on busy. Going to require more money. And i think that if you look at what is saying today about restoring the uk former his naval power. I mean there are some of other political messages hair. I think as a message to the incoming administration that the uk is still serious about defense is going to be the second biggest military spender in nato. So let's have a good relationship. I think it's a subtle but implicit message to european. You have an interest in the success of economic as the uk is going to be spend serious money on the defense of the european concerned the wider western world. And then if you look at ambush was talking about shipbuilding where ships can lots are going to be built in scotland. He has long been in the decide this answer. Uk during the election campaign that one of the ways he was going to boast of a union wars to build more ships in scotland. He fought but that kind of industrial street would have a good effect. I think there is an interesting question. Which is the cost. here is obviously the question. I do think there has been some interesting. I haven't research in the. Us defense spending is particularly effective form fiscal stimulus which is going to be needed post. Covid but i think the longer term issue is can you so his constant procurement problems in the energy that created the black hole in the first place. Because if you call do at even this really significant amount of money isn't going to be enough to turn things around for good
How Call of Duty: Black Ops Cold War got made in a pandemic
"Call duties. One of video games biggest franchises. You don't have to be a game or to recognize the name for folks who don't know it's about. Can you talk a little. Bit about the franchise and what exactly these games are like the play. Yes this came is basically a war simulation you are fighting either. As a member of the united states armed forces when the us allies or fighting with russia or against russia. It's there's basically putting you in the virtual shoes of a soldier deployed or spy deployed overseas trying to keep the world running and that excites people right and over the years. There have been multiple iterations right. We've had Games set in world war. Two a game set in the cold war. Recent one Warfare was the last version a toggle that about the new version here. This is Black ops cold war right. yes oh as you mentioned. They spend a variety of time periods. It started with world war. Two that's where. They really made their name of reenacting anger at certain points taking a lot of liberties with what happened in world. War two In recent years they've gone to modern times with modern warfare. The try dabbling with what the future would be With advanced warfare infinite warfare but this version is called duty black ops cold war its successors at some of the earlier black ops games and it puts you right in the middle as the title suggests of the cold war. You're set in the early nineteen eighties where you are in at least in the campaign of playing a cia officer trying to stop a alleged soviet spy called perseus from you know causing unspeakable damage to the us and to people all over the world in terms of how this this version of. The game differs from previous versions. Obviously the setting is different. But anything new about this game. That is worthwhile worth mentioning. Whether they're a handful of things that are new. We're having a lot of time to delve into the campaign just hit. The game only came out on friday november thirteenth. So it's only it's only been a couple of days but what's interesting about. This game is that it arrives in time for the new playstation five and the xbox series s and series x so if you have one of those newer systems you are seeing in some cases a really different call to the experience where you could have much faster refresh rates of one hundred twenty frames per second. You are seeing in other scenarios if you don't want the faster refresh rates some really. Cool graphical improvements with four k and ray tracing which is basically allowing you to have more realistic lighting reflections and does look fantastic in the Admittedly only few minutes. I've been playing of the campaign. It is it is a stunning looking game. Got it now. You've got an inside look at the development process of this game and really. I'm kind of curious in really the crux of why we're talking is sort of look at. How a studio developer keeps the work going on on a game like this in the middle of a pandemic and so what did you learn from your conversations with the folks at trailer developer of this new called it. A game is really interesting because obviously like the rest of the world. Triarc shut down in early march. If they closed their offices they told me on march thirteenth. Which for the time for this game and this is a game that last year did like a billion dollars within two months of its launch. So it's one of the biggest games again franchises of the year on the biggest games consistently year in year out and they had to shift in march before the game was pre alpha so this game was still in its early stages. There's a lot of work that needed to be done to a work from home environment so they were describing how. They're working with some of the other students that work on this game like raven software and doing zoom motion capture sessions. Or you know adding tv's to people's homes so they could test how it would look at one hundred twenty francs per second. It was a lot of really interesting small tweaks to see how a massive production like this can still hit. It's november release window while also juggling with the fact that everything that they've been doing for years trailer has been working on call. Duty games for years gets ended
Xbox Series S Review
"The first console to launch. On tuesday of this last week was the xbox series x and s so i should just. We'll just start in chronological order and i. I have lots of thoughts about the xbox series x. But i'm actually very curious andrea about the xbox series s because i saw on your instagram and twitter that you have one of those the smaller less expensive consoles. And you're really. I think from what i read. Taken by the form factor. If nothing else right. I love that little thing. So xbox was kind enough to send what could games and xbox series x so i purchased for myself an xbox series s because i knew that i was going to need one in our. What's could game studio. But i also wanted one in the living room where i'm going to play it most of the time and so like well. I don't really need four k because streaming and four k still just isn't really a thing that's available on twitch rip mixer they really were doing high resolution streaming the best out of anybody. I know that caffeine actually doesn't pretty good um high resolution streaming as well. But i was like what the xbox series s is going to work for me in the studio because i don't need really more than fourteen forty p and i love the form factor. It's so small. And i love that compared to the vsbn. Which is just a monster ons. Which i know we'll get to in just a little bit but the value proposition. That microsoft is bringing with xbox game pass. Xbox game pass ultimate in for those who are interested xbox game cloud x. cloud wherever they're going to finalize that name to be. I think that it's a really great opportunity for people to get in and obviously we saw the news that we're gonna talk about just the second year that microsoft announced its their biggest console launch ever and that is to do because of the xbox series s. I agree having that low price. Point was really smart. i mean obviously. We've seen nintendo reap the benefits of having a low price point for new hardware for generations. Now and it. It actually like the sony and microsoft finally got around to realizing. Oh yeah if we don't charge through the nose for these things people buy more of them But tell me a little bit about your experience using the the s are you noticing Does it feel like a generational upgrade from your xbox one. It's interesting that you bring that up because that was one of my critiques of the new consoles that they didn't feel like a gigantic leap forward from the xbox one x specifically now i know that most consumers are probably changing generations between their original xbox one or potentially they have the xbox one s. But there's probably not as many people. Doing what i did going from the one x to these series x and the series as the low times of course are definitely faster. But i think microsoft. I don't know how. I really feel about the fact that they did not change the i like. They launched this he on the old generation and they kept at the same. I know that there's a big portion of the games out there that are like thank goodness. I don't wanna have to relearn something. But i just i think it kind of takes a little bit of that shiny sparkly new console feel away from it and overall. I just didn't think that outside of the loading times that there was anything dramatically new. And i think a lot has to do with the fact that there wasn't a first party exclusive game like now they have launched with halo infinite in halo. Infinite was running at sixty frames per second fourteen forty p on the xbox series s different story.
Playstation 5, Xbox Series X Bring Sony-Microsoft Rivalry To A New Generation
"Mission. Should you get a playstation five xbox series x or xbox series s. Here's how to decide by patrick. Lucas austin after seven years millions of console sold anna generation of users clamoring for an upgraded graphical experience sony and microsoft are finally releasing the next version of their iconic xbox and playstation consoles with both the playstation five and xbox series x and series s. Going on sale. This week you might be wondering which one to pick. Here's what sets each of them apart from the others. Xbox series s the cheapest way to go next gen while the playstation five and xbox series x have four k capability the diminutive xbox series s is designed to bring next gen gaming to your current non four k setup. Consider it the entry level console for this. Generation's gaming needs the xbox series x is great if you only have a ten eighty p tv but can also display games at a slightly higher fourteen. Forty p resolution. Should you be using something like a game. Friendly computer monitor if you're playing on a four k. tv the series as will upscale your content letting you play games in what amounts to a simulation of real four k resolution. Some games like the will of the wisp will be displayed in native four k. But don't expect it to look particularly extravagant even if the xbox series s can't do true four k gaming it does stream movies in native four k. So you'll still be able to watch high def flicks but be warned. The lack of disk drive means. You won't be playing any ultra hd blu ray movies as you could with the xbox series x nor will you be able to purchase physical games and that also means you may be hamstrung by its smaller five twelve gig internal storage though that's expandable with a proprietary one. Terabyte storage option like a camera memory card but for your xbox get the xbox series s if you don't care about being on the cutting edge of gaming and just wanna console that will get you access to hundreds of games and four k movies without breaking the bank. It's also a great lower cost option for parents shopping for their young kids. The xbox series x going hard on the graphics we're the xbox series s brings next gen gaming to lower resolution screens. The xbox series x is built for gamers who want to see every pixel pop on their fourcade display and purchase games with little hassle. Be they physical or digital versions. The xbox series x plays games at their native four k resolution can run certain titles at one hundred twenty frames per second and includes an ultra hd blu ray drive which the cheaper series s lacks. It's one terabyte of storage expandable like the series ass. Let you pack more games in your console while the disc drive makes it easier to delete and reinstall games. It will both the xbox series s and series x work with microsoft's subscription service game pass which offers access to hundreds of xbox games past and present for nine dollars per month. Playable either on your console or your pc. i think of it as netflix's for games you can play select xbox and xbox three sixty games using game pass as well as current day xbox series games like destiny and gears five for fifteen dollars per month. There's game pass ultimate which net you the same number of games but also let you play or stream them on your android smartphone among other perks to get more people in the xbox ecosystem without requiring they drop hundreds of bucks upfront. Microsoft has also created the xbox all access subscription which bundles either xbox series s or series x console with game pass ultimate for twenty four ninety nine series s or thirty four ninety nine per month for series x for two years and get the xbox series x. You wanna powerful. Console that can fully take advantage of your four k tv and home theater. Setup and an ultra hd. Blu ray player for your growing library. Physical media paired with a service like game pass ultimate the xbox series x is the console for older gamers with fond memories of their first xbox playstation five the best exclusive games available in two versions a three hundred ninety nine dollars digital only version a four ninety nine model with a built in ultra. Hd blue dr sony's playstation five carries on the legacy of the playstation four with a focus on exclusivity a strategy. That helped sony sell twice as many consoles as rival microsoft. The company is betting you'll love titles like spider man. Miles morales already available and upcoming uses like the remastered demon's souls and ratchet and clank ripped apart both set to hit the ps five within the next year all ps five games are presented in four k resolution and load quickly. Thanks to the internal one terabyte. Ssd expandable with. Sony approved ssd expansion card. There's also the new dual sense controller which features a familiar layout for playstation owners while adding new features like pressure sensitive triggers able to recreate the feeling of for example shooting an arrow or playing with zipper titles like astros play room and call of duty black ops cold war take advantage of the haptic features but it remains to be seen whether developers making games for multiple consoles will spend time and resources utilizing features available on just one while there aren't many games available at launch the playstation five is backwards compatible with your ps four library. There's also sony's playstation now game streaming service letting you play hundreds of ps two. Ps three nps four games on your playstation five or pc for ten dollars per month get the playstation five if you're already invested in sony's library of exclusive games on the playstation four and wanna play games with the more advanced controller that immerses you in the action. Also if you don't mind displaying the console prominently the playstation five might serve as an artistic talking point when you're not playing with it.
How to Sneak Fortnite on Your iPhone
"Let's jump jumping. Because i know we'll see you want to know how to play fortnite on your iphone again. Since it was booed off. Well here is how to do. Just that now. Fortnight's app is still banned from the apples but that never stopped anyone clever. Here's how you do it in videos. Cloud streaming service. Ge focus now will reportedly work on iowa's devices apple. Use a browser based connection to circumvent some of apple's streaming restrictions and fortnight is among the games available in services library. Now if that plane actually comes to fruition. Google stadia and microsoft cloud gaming service are banned from the app store outright as our asset you connect to them through browser that said amazon's lunacy streaming service works on iowa's through a web browsers hope even for us now does make it onto the app store and giant grants somehow way to play fortnite and iphone again. And we'll be drawbacks to plan it that way since you'll be streaming the game from the cloud rather than planet locally on the iphones hardware. They're probably going to be put latency. Lay graphical issues and playing on subpar internet connection. And you also have to pay for g. four's now's a five dollar month subscription fee in order to play fortnite interested services the library. But you'll be able to play the game. So i mean i guess. It works out better that way
World wide web inventor launches privacy platform for enterprises; NHS and BBC sign up
"Tim burners lee known as the inventor of the world wide web has revealed that interrupt company works at launch a privacy platform for enterprises. Now the uk's national health service to bbc natwest bank a flanders government are among its early adopters main reason. He's concerned that today's digital giants are exploiting citizens around the world and he kind of wants to take the whole apple Vision of privacy for everybody and by everybody everybody In kind of brain out more to the forefront tim burners lee. The article begins the english computer scientist best known as the inventor of the world wide web has revealed that his latest startup has launched a privacy platform for enterprises interrupt founded by burners lee and ceo. Don bruce in two thousand eighteen is aiming to develop technology that gives people control of their data allowing them to choose where their data is stored. And who has access to it. The startup announced monday that it had launched an enterprise version of its solid platform built with scientists at massachusetts institute of technology at mit solid allows users to create personal online data stores or pods. Get it that they can then share with third party apps if they wish bruce wrote in a blog post at the nhl for example was using the platform to allow patients distorted personal medical data on pods as well as data from health apps on our phones or other devices going to drive groundbreaking new opportunities at not only restored trust and data but also enhance our lives
Latest Game Releases For This Week
"Out this week. Let's start off with a game systems. We already own. You have thirteen for the ps four xbox once which in pc assassin's creed valhalla for the xbox one pc and ps four destiny to beyond light for the ps four xbox one p. c. yakuza like dragon. Ps four xbox one p. c. Just dance twenty twenty one for the xbox one p c switch impious four. Call of duty ops. Cold war for the. Ps four and the xbox one and the kingdom hearts melody of memory for the ps four xbox one and switch the xbox series x which henceforth referred to either as by the xbox x. or the exit. We'll have a bunch of bit games coming out. Some of these will be repeats of games that have already come out you have assassin's creed valhalla. Dirt five devil may cry five special edition the falcon near fief twenty one. Fortnight fuser gears tactics madden. Nfl twenty one marvel's avengers nba two k. Twenty one observers system redo effect connected watchdogs legion. Wrc nine and yakuza like a dragon for the ps five which is coming out on the twelfth. You have the assassin's creed virola astros playroom demon's souls deconstruction all-stars devil may cry five special edition. Fortnight god fall madden. Nfl twenty-one marvel's avengers men eater nba two k. twenty one observer system redo sack boy the big adventure marvel's spider man miles morales and watchdog legion.
What Does A Biden Presidency Mean To US Foreign Relations?
"Might Joe Biden's presidency mean for US foreign policy with us, now three of NPR's international correspondents in some of the regions that are most consequential to the United States? NPR's Emily Fang is in Beijing. Lucien Kim is in Moscow and Jane Arraf is in Erbil, Iraq. Hello to you all. Good morning. Morning. So, Emily, let's start with you. The relationship between the U. S and China right now is quite tense. How was news of of President Elect Biden's win received in Beijing. Well, there wasn't much news because two days after the election results were called noticeably Absent is any official reaction from China's leader, She Jingping, He's not put up a message. By contrast in 2016. She congratulated Trump hours after the race was called this year. Foreign Ministry has dodged every question we've had for comment on their views about the election, and the silence is not because China prefers bite in over Trump, Trump of replied, And it's more out of an over abundance of caution because Trump has not officially conceded. Seven China's view It does not want to take a side if you will, and until someone is definitively inaugurated, and Trump still has more than two months left in office so he could put significant pressure on China. Still, if he's provoked Okay, So China's taking a wait and see approach Lucy and there was all of this concern about Russian potential Russian interference in this election. We didn't see much of that. How is Moscow, reacting to the prospect of a Biden presidency? Well, it's interesting. It's very similar to the situation in Beijing here. The absence of any congratulations from President Vladimir Putin has been noticeable today. His spokesman told reporters that Putin will wait for official results because Trump has not conceded and wants to dispute the the count in the courts. One prominent Russian who did congratulate Biden, his opposition leader, Alexei Navalny. He's recovering from a poisoning that he blames on the Kremlin. The day after the U. S election. Navalny went on social media to say that the suspense about who Would eventually when the race was evidence that America's elections are real, but officially on state TV. The main message is that this election was marred by irregularities and fraud. So in a sense, not that different from Russian elections and the messier the transition of power is in the US, the better it is for the Kremlin because the US stops looking like a model democracy. Well, that's interesting. Jane, China and Russia both taking a wait and see approach did Iraqi leadership say anything this weekend? They did. They generally welcomed Biden's election. And, you know, there's not expected to be really a dramatic or immediate change in policy. One of the big issues here is withdrawal of US troops and Biden like Trump is in favor of those, But I gotta be honest Officials here are breathing a sigh of relief. You know, one of them put it. Will no longer be one tweet away from learning of major foreign policy decisions. And then there's the fact that Biden you Noah's head of a CZ, a member of the leading member, ranking member of the Of Senate Foreign Relations Committee and then the point man on Iraq. For then President Obama knows the leaders here and he knows them well, and that will make a difference. I spoke to one senior Iraqi official who said he's dealt with them in years for years. Sorry, and and the thing that stands out is Biden's essential decency, he says. Decency. OK, Lucien Joe Biden known for his decency, Yes, but unlike President Trump, he does not seem primed to like Vladimir Putin or to soft pedal things with Russia. How might his election change the U. S Russia relationship? All right. There is no expectation here at all that Biden will be easier on Russia. I spoke to one of Russia's leading foreign policy experts fielder Lukianoff about what he expects from a Biden presidency. They don't think that many people at Moscow believed that the U. S will be able to be back to the old good days of liberal order as it was in 90 Sorento Seldon's, But the rhetoric will be ah, muchmore like Obama or even Clinton spirit. So in other words, the expectation in Moscow is that Biden will bring up human rights and democracy and also take a greater interest in what happens in the former Soviet Union. There is no love for Biden in Moscow. He met with Putin when he was vice president and has been very critical of the Kremlin. But those negative feelings aside, there is also a certain trump fatigue in Moscow. There were really high hopes for years ago and today U. S. Russian relations are at their lowest point since the Cold War. So there is some hope in Moscow that Biden will be more predictable and be able to start a sober professional dialogue on pressing bilateral issues of the first one that comes to mind his arms control. More predictable. Emily might also be interesting or helpful to China, right because it's been four sort of madcap years of trade wars and overnight tweets. And yet Beijing's position in the world is different now than it was when President Trump took office, isn't it? Yes, it's gone from what was then A developing regional power, too, in the U. S has eyes and this is accurate. A global competitors and that growing more negative view has led the US over the last four years to sanction Chinese officials, major Chinese companies and to limit the number of Of Chinese people who study and work in the US, But within China, you have the inverse of this negativity. China's had this surgeon self confidence since 2016. It's controlled a corona virus pandemic. It's produced some truly global companies, and that gives Beijing a sense that this is China's time to shine. And right now we're at this hugely uncertain moment in the relationship trumps refusal to conceive means that there's even warn certainty because Beijing cannot decide what its next move is going to be right now. Okay. If China is under the impression that it is, it's time to shine economically makes a lot of sense. Does a president Biden change that in any way? He could. Biden is expected to continue to push China and human rights issues such as Hong Kong civil rights Xinjiang, where hundreds of thousands of people have been detained. Remember he called cheating Ping a thug during one of the last presidential debates. But many in trying to hope us under Biden will temper the relationship and cooperate on things like trade and climate change. But Biden could also have a much more multilateral approach and that could actually put pressure on China. And Jane. Lastly, I want to reach back into history. Joe Biden once suggested that Iraq would be better off his three separate autonomous regions Kurdish, Sunni and Shiite. How was that idea held up? Yeah, so he was suggesting autonomous regions, but still with the central government and here in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, they very much welcome that support for increase power to the regions, but in other places it was seen as fuelling Iraq's sectarian divide. And there's still a bit of concern about that idea. But a lot of it has moved on to concern about Iran. And on that one he's seen as not being quite a cz obsessed with isolating Iran. So even some militia leaders here have welcomed his election. Okay. NPR's Jane Arraf in Erbil, Iraq, Emily faIIing in Beijing and Lucien Kim in Moscow. Thanks, everyone.
World leaders congratulate Biden on projected win, but some await “official results”
"Joe Biden's presidency mean for us foreign policy with us, now three of NPR's international correspondents in some of the the regions regions that that are are most most consequential consequential to to the the United United States? States? NPR's NPR's Emily Emily Fang Fang is is in in Beijing. Beijing. Lucien Lucien Kim Kim is is in in Moscow Moscow and and Jane Jane Arraf Arraf is is in in Erbil, Erbil, Iraq. Iraq. Hello Hello to to you you all. Good morning. Morning. So, Emily, let's start with you. The relationship between the U. S and China right now is quite tense. How was news of of President Elect Biden's win received in Beijing. Well, there wasn't much news because two days after the election results were called noticeably Absent is any official reaction from China's leader? She Jingping, he's non put up a message. By contrast in 2016. She congratulated Trump hours after the race was called this year. The Foreign Ministry has dodged every question we've had for comment on their views about the election, and the silence is not because China prefers bite in over Trump, Trump of replied, And it's more out of an over abundance of caution because Trump has not officially conceded. Seven China's view It does not want to take a side if you will, and until someone is definitively inaugurated, and Trump still has more than two months left in office so he could put significant pressure on China. Still, if he's provoked Okay, So China's taking a wait and see approach Lucy and there was all of this concern about Russian potential Russian interference in this election. We didn't see much of that. How is Moscow, reacting to the prospect of a Biden presidency? We'll enter. It's interesting. It's very similar to the situation in Beijing here. The absence of any congratulations from President Vladimir Putin has been noticeable today. His spokesman told reporters that Putin will wait for official results because Trump has not conceded and wants to dispute the account in the courts. One prominent Russian who did congratulate Biden, his opposition leader, Alexei Navalny. He's recovering from a poisoning that he blames on the Kremlin. The day after the U. S election. Navalny went on social media to say that the suspense about who Would eventually when the race was evidence that America's elections are riel, but officially on state TV. The main message is that this election was marred by irregularities and fraud. So in a sense, not that different from Russian elections and the messier the transition of power is in the US, the better it is for the Kremlin because the US stops looking like a model democracy. Well, that's interesting. Jane, China and Russia both taking a wait and see approach did Iraqi leadership say anything this weekend? They did. They generally welcomed Biden's election. And, you know, there's not expected to be really a dramatic or immediate change in policy. One of the big issues here is withdrawal of US troops and Biden like Trump is in favor of those, But I gotta be honest Officials here are breathing a sigh of relief. You know, one of them put it. Will no longer be one tweet away from learning of major foreign policy decisions. And then there's the fact that Biden you Noah's head of a CZ, a member of the leading member, ranking member of the Of Senate Foreign Relations Committee and then the point man on Iraq. For then President Obama knows the leaders here and he knows them well, and that will make a difference. I spoke to one senior Iraqi official who said he's dealt with them in years for years story and and the thing that stands out is Biden's essential decency, he says. Decency. OK, Lucien Joe Biden known for his decency, Yes, but unlike President Trump, he does not seem primed to like Vladimir Putin or to soft pedal things with Russia. How might his election change the U. S Russia relationship? All right. There is no expectation here at all that Biden will be easier on Russia. I spoke to one of Russia's leading foreign policy experts fielder Lukianoff about what he expects from a Biden presidency. I don't think that many people at Moscow believed that the U. S will be able to be back to the old good days of liberals order as it was in 90 Sorento Seldon's, But the rhetoric will be ah, muchmore like Obama, or even Clinton period. So in other words, the expectation in Moscow is that Biden will bring up human rights and democracy and also take a greater interest in what happens in the former Soviet Union. There is no love for Biden in Moscow. He met with Putin when he was vice president and has been very critical of the Kremlin. But those negative feelings aside, there is also a certain trump fatigue in Moscow. There were really high hopes for years ago and today U. S. Russian relations are at their lowest point since the Cold War. So there is some hope in Moscow that Biden will be more predictable and be able to start a sober professional dialogue on pressing bilateral issues of the first one that comes to mind his arms control. More predictable. Emily might also be interesting or helpful to China, right because it's been four sort of madcap years of trade wars and overnight tweets. And yet Beijing's position in the world is different now than it was when President Trump took office, isn't it? Yes, it's gone from what was then A developing regional power, too, in the U. S has eyes and this is accurate. A global competitors and that growing more negative view has led the US over the last four years to sanction Chinese officials, major Chinese companies and to limit the number of Of Chinese people who study and work in the US, But within China, you have the inverse of this negativity. China's had this surgeon self confidence since 2016. It's controlled a corona virus pandemic. It's produced some truly global companies, and that gives Beijing a sense that this is China's time to shine. And right now we're at this hugely uncertain moment. And the relationship trumps refusal to conceive means that there's even more uncertainty because Beijing cannot decide what its next move is going to be right now. Okay. If China is under the impression that it is, it's time to shine economically, makes a lot of sense. Just a president Biden change that in any way. He could. Biden is expected to continue to push China and human rights issues such as Hong Kong civil rights Xinjiang, where hundreds of thousands of people have been detained. Remember he called cheating Ping a thug during one of the last presidential debates. But many in China hope us under Biden will temper the relationship and cooperate on things like trade and climate change. But Biden could also have a much more multilateral approach and that could actually put pressure on China. Jane. Lastly, I want to reach back into history. Joe Biden once suggested that Iraq would be better off his three separate autonomous regions Kurdish, Sunni and Shiite. How was that idea held up? Yeah, so he was suggesting autonomous regions, but still with the central government and here in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, they very much welcome that support for increase power to the regions, but in other places it was seen as fuelling Iraq's sectarian divide. And there's still a bit of concern about that idea. But a lot of it has moved on to concern about Iran. And on that one he's seen as not being quite as obsessed with isolating Iran. So even some militia leaders here have welcomed his election. Okay, NPR's Jane Arraf In Erbil, Iraq, Emily faIIing in Beijing and Lucien Kim in Moscow. Thanks, everyone. Well, thank you.
The Queen's Gambit (Netflix Mini-Series 2020)
"Still in their top five I remember correctly. Is the queen's gambit. It was number one don't know where it is. Right now. I still think it's the number one show streaming right now on the streamer, but it is about the orphan who becomes A chess Phanom. And she learns chess from the maintenance man downstairs in the orphanage and her life. Just kind of goes from there, and I'm keeping it purposely broad, cause I so want you and I've been I've been guilty of Oversharing and I want to I want you guys to Kind of unfold the show for yourself because that's that's part of the magic of it, because it's so gosh darn good. We talked about it last week. Alexis is back and you watched it a cz. Well, I watched everything. Jeez, I could not stop watching it. And they binged it in four days. Completely just watched the whole thing. It's about what we did. Yeah, I'm with you. Oh, man. It is so good. Now I don't know much about chess. So I think that if you do love chess, you'll even get more in terms of the moves because they really had a really cool way of showing how they do it with the shadows of the ponds and the different You know pieces and then the boards. You know how they do the different moves. And what did the bishop do? And you know all of that, And there's all of these different ways to come at it. You know, different theories and thiss guy does it this way, and he always moves this first and so That was kind of lost on me. But it just It was such a great story and a great reminder that if you want to be the best at what you dio, it takes a lot of hard work a lot of dedication. And also trying around it. Right and remembering the people around. You mean I think about LeBron James and Michael Jordan. Serena Williams. Now, of course, this is in the sports world. Tom Brady, You know, like you are a goat. You really do need to work. You know, they're not out partying and having fun, And that's kind of the same case with the in the Queen's gambit, she Beth. She's just really focused on her goal of being the best chess player. I love that she didn't really focus on her gender, but the media did. And but it's still a hard world to be in when it's all it's all men like, generally older sixties in the fifties and sixties, So you know at the time it's during the Cold War. There's already tensions between the U. S and the Soviet Union already at that time, and then the best chess players come from the Soviet Union. So it was really reflective of the time to mean just in a chess game, So I really like that. I like the full circle aspect of the story toward the end. Again. I don't want to give too much away like you, said Jace. But itjust they answer a lot of questions that you may have as you're watching it and satisfying answers. I see what Yeah, yeah. Don. Where are you? I am just finished Episode four They're going to attack a lot into each episode, though. I mean, even by the end of the first one, you're like, Whoa. This is like a full movie. I just watched her. That's so true, Don. Yeah. In the anime pack a lot in. I mean so much. It's like the opposite of what they did with blind manner, not enough material that they snatched into. Ah, really long boring. Story That was way too many episodes. This is very efficient and I love the writing. You get to know her and what she's all about, Really? Not necessarily through the dialogue, but what they show you. Yes. Great writing, Thie. Other thing. It's the fashion one. Everything she wore. This will be nominated for costume design. Don't you think? Absolutely, without a doubt, the production design and the wardrobe. They're They're co stars. They're they're absolute co stars, and she carries it. She carries it so well, those clothes you know that old saying the the clothes don't wear you. You wear the clothes. She wears those clothes girl. I mean, she capital. W wears out, though, that wardrobe and Well, I just want to be her and Lex. I don't know if you felt this way, said this to dawn last week in the most complimentary way possible. I was sad. I was sad at the conclusion not because of the conclusion, but because I wanted more time with Beth, I interesting. I don't often have that reaction to characters. Um, you know, like Star Wars. I just, You know, I want to hang out with Ray and I want to know what's happening and all that stuff. But I really I'm sad that I'm not going to be invited in her world anymore. Well, that's what I was going to ask you because it does look like maybe a season two is in the works. Really? Yeah. There at least floating the idea around what it could be. Will they bring it back for a second season s wires asking that and It's not renewed. Of course, there's no news about that. But this next season would dive into her love life, her family history, that type of thing. I had the opposite reaction. I feel like this miniseries. It was perfect. In the way that they told it. I don't know if I need to know more. I love I love how it ended, and just That's great. Yeah, I'm not saying I want it because they'll mess it up, right? That's what I'm worried about. Yeah, I It's like big little lives. You know, the first was based on a book and that was near perfect. And then you went back, and you basically forced the author to create another story in a short amount of time. And you know, it wasn't a natural process. You gave the A writer. A hard deadline. I don't think you know. Not all. Not all creatives work well with that s O this. Yeah, but I was Muchas. I'm sad for that desire to him, Not with her. I would rather have that than an unsatisfying Sequel Hard to beat that this is Yeah, because this is just a compliment. I I miss her. I want to know what she's doing, but I'll rely on my imagination for that, and I'm fine. It's just It's just a huge compliment to the writer of the novel into the two the creatives behind this miniseries. They did such a good job that they made me want, Maura and that Whatmore could you ask for with a creative endeavor? You know Jerry Seinfeld, No one to get off the stage. They're off the stage and I miss her because she's so freaking cool. I want to have with her. I want her to be my friend. And then I want to steal all of her clothes. Be nude. That's not nice. Other things, didn't you guys? Yeah, No kidding. Just gorgeous. Benny Watts. The character who the guy who plays many Watts, Thomas Brody Stang stur. Yeah, He's that kid from love, Actually, Yeah. Grew up guys. He looks exactly the same thing just looks like someone pulled them from his head. Hold his legs and to stretch them a little bit. Was he also in finding Neverland with Johnny Depp? Yes, I think so. The writer of Peter Pan. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah, but it just looks like someone stretched him. You had put a mustache auto. And then the other kid is from Harry Potter. Yes, friend of her selling. Is Perry's cousin, His awful cousin that he lives with. Yeah, deadly Douglas. Yeah, and he's the other person and I just like I said this to dawn. I just like that the old you know, one of the themes that I realized after the fact is really about loneliness, you know, Beth the character and we're talking queen's gambit as we wrap it up here on Netflix. You know, it's a great lesson where sometimes you just see what's right in front of your face. And Beth did that. Beth was guilty of thinking that she was very alone. She was on ly kind of looking within just a few inches of her face. But if she just looked around She just looked a little bit to her left and right. She realized she really wasn't alone. And I think that's a good universal lesson for all of us that sometimes when we do feel very isolated and alone where we really are not, itjust takes Takes a moment to look around. And Beth really was Beth her whole life and, understandably, so she felt alone. But she really never wasn't. She always had people that was rooting for her, but she just never internally felt that way. Andi. I've found that fascinating to examine in that show. So the Queen's gambit everybody on Netflix If you haven't it, it's
Trump and the GOP Campaign Against Reality
"The president and his allies decided on closing message for the final days of the campaign wine about social media pretend the pandemic is over for more on this. It's time for a closer look. There's a lot you can say about Donald Trump's inner circle and the leadership of the Modern Republican Party. But when you boil it down, it's basically just a collection of shy can't take Weirdos. Then people who collect ceramic pigs in sit by their windows writing down license plate numbers for no reason take for example House Minority Leader Kevin, McCarthy. You showed up to one of trump's rallies yesterday claimed republicans are going to take back the House McCarthy then belched up this I think English sentence about House Speaker Nancy, Pelosi a watch you watch Nancy Pelosi hand. And I promise you this. I won't thank her with it but I'll banged the into the socialism and yes to America. What No. I'll bang end to the socialism and yes to America, that sounds like a poorly translated leaflet dropped on Moscow during the Cold War why all these guys talk like rip off dollar store. Action. Figures made in. Eastern Europe. Your grandma will get you for Christmas. Oh Wow. It's a fuzz goodyear. Let me pull the string. The leaders of the hundred gop beer. Basically just a bunch of goofy old buds. I said it pods. Take a guy is still working at your hometown bowling alley thirty years after high school because he gets free disco fries blessed all the shoe sporadic and huff and that is a lot. For example Republicans held a hearing on big tech companies yesterday just to complain about supposed social media. Bias against conservatives which it's not thing. Now, there are progressives like Elizabeth Warren Tonight's guest, Bernie Sanders you really do want to break up big tech monopolies that have consolidated too much power but Republicans just WanNa. whine about mean tweets they don't like the best example of that came from Wisconsin Senator Ron Johnson when he complained about an obviously satirical tweet this Dorsey. You talked about your house toward misinformation and then you will you will block misinformation if it's about against civic integrity election interference or voter suppression give you a tweet. There was put up on twitter says Senator Ron. Johnson is my neighbor in strangle our dog buttons right in front of my four year old son and three year old daughter the Keith refused to investigate. This is a complete line, but important to retreat and note that there are more my lies to come. How could that not be a violation voice oppression? Obviously, if people think I'm strangling my neighbors. They may not show the polls that would be worse oppression and another thing Mr Dorsey last night by doorbell rang late at night. So went to answer when I opened the door there was a flame in bag APU on the front step. So I tried to stamp out the fire but I got poo all over my shoes this clearly enact the voter suppression by the Neighborhood Teens because if I pooh-poohed on my shoes, I'll be too embarrassed to go vote. The bigger problem here is Ron Johnson thinks his constituents might actually believe that he strangled his neighbor's dog and Yeah. Okay and kind of see it. With said. Jack Dorsey looks like a dog serial killer. Like straight up a guy who together multiple dogs. in Ron Johnson's corn chowder brain joke tweet about a senators voter suppression. But invalidating mail in ballots and making people wait hours to vote isn't he's like a guy parks is BMW in a fire lane then loses when his targets tone Boris Suppression How am I supposed to get to the polling place now and then there was Tennessee Senator Marsha Blackburn who asked the CEO of Google if the company was still employing someone who criticized her is a blight Lemoyne one of your engineers still working with you. Senator familiar with his name is a name as an employee I'm not sure these employees. well, he has had very unconscious things to say about me and I was just wondering if you all still. Kept him working they are man Fox News is right. Canceled Culture is out of control. She sounds like she's asking to speak to the manager about a sales assistant at Costco is Madison still working here. She had very unkind things to say about me when I tried to sample the pizza rolls in the frozen I'll very hurtful things about how I'm not supposed to open the box. This is a fundamental reality of the modern GOP they're all donald trump. He complains about social media they complain about social media even though most of them don't have the tech savvy to handle the laundry room bulletin board coffee, table for sale what the hell does Obioma this is unfair.
OWL's Roster Dumping
"Having. I don't know if you. WanNa. Call it a a reckoning. Was the that's that's what the Bible is right? Yeah. The. Exodus to a certain extent for a lot of these teams calling it a a roster dump is what I'm going to call it because we are seeing. I, don't think I've ever seen look you on a they're giving call of duty off a run for its money when it comes to dumping players and dumping rosters and hitting the restart button and so I wanted him all right like big difference in the sense of with call of duty. You have a shuffle. It's not like twenty five players retiring at the same time we're losing their job, right? Like they're reshuffling because, hey, new games coming out can play a little different plays more like black ops. So let me play with these guys like this feels the but it's very different. Yeah, and there's also more of like a dark cloud over it. Right? Where everyone else like for call of duty you're so excited for the. It's almost like Ooh the season's done. Let's get ready for this roster shuffle, right like you get excited for it here. Everyone's like, whoa where like let's pump the breaks here overwatch like they're still going to be a season for like let's call now now. So let I want to discuss this a little bit because there is some like I say ominous dark theories floating around. So first off though you having teams. Clean House. Dallas fuel has dropped everyone but one player. Houston outlaws have dumped You know I don't think their entire roster but a good amount veterans of the of the Roster Link Cer- as we've known, they've also had some players leave during the season Ellie gladiators I think have dropped like four or five guys including again big goose fan favourite and everyone there mccreavy who. Just moved up like wait this past year. Well Yeah. It's like he was on contenders league for envy. And then he might have. Touched the fuel roster maybe for half a second and then went to La to play on the Overwatch League side of things dropped O. G. E.. So you're seeing these teams drop what you consider the best in the league. Now, I will say this overwatch. I think more than any sport. And maybe you agree maybe you don't the fans get caught up with fan favorites and it Kinda clouds, their judgment on who's a good player and who do you just like more like we're counterstrike and other games I feel like you have fan favorites but people will also realistically admit like, Yeah this guy's not the greatest alive right either washed up pro at this point or something you know. Win Time is running out a little bit more. So in a game, like CBS's seem the skills diminishing like og is the perfect example of this, right? Oh Jeez. been a longtime fan favorite really hasn't performed at like. The highest level over the past two seasons, you know you've kind of seen on his play decline. So as great of a person as he is as much as he's loved by teems has been on including NBN his most recent team. You know it kind of makes sense to that they'll be looking to make a change because it really hasn't worked out for them. Yeah and you're absolutely right and that's like with Dallas right I know as far as living in Dallas right? The fuel and their fans love like they love a Cam, they love trill he played with their farm system and moved up right Nonni his or. Only God has been here. Note he was a fan favourite a huge diva player when he moved over from Boston, like they have all these guys that they're loving and they're like, wow, how could this happen? It's like. Again. This is a business and results talk. A lot of these teams have expectations of at least being in contention for the championship. The fuel have been des- at least disgust since day one of the Overwatch League that they should have always been like a top team given their their resume and never lived up to it. So sometimes, you just have to hit that reset button and start fresh I. Am a little curious like unlike other east eastwards farm systems are generally. They're in place to move upright whether that's counterstrike although we've seen it like fall off on the side right. But that that's kind of always been key staple for counterstrike whether you're going into the ESPN or f pl ranked kind of find the young talent that that shows up on call of duty you through the amateur scene you see MVP's come out of it like Sim shots he wasn't playing amateurs, but still a new player kind of coming in and taking the League by storm on Voi-, another example of a young up and comer. With over watch a little curious to what this shuffle does. Right in that retrospect because is this is going to be taking these players recycling. I'm figuring out maybe this is a better pairing. So now we'll take you know this guy s team this guy from this team in kind, of Mesh, together just see what works with the same faces or is there a young farm system that all these teams are about to go poach from like that really unsure about, and that's an excellent point a new because that was going to be the next thing I said once again, proving that we are just. Truly in sync with each other at all times because. You're like like, I said before I get why teams are wanting to Clean House I get why they're unhappy with their roster this the suspicious side of me the conspiracy put on your tin. Foil. Hat. Side of me though is thinking, okay, this is a lot though this is. Dallas you know I get gladiators to an extent. Houston has been struggling, but then you have guys like Miami or Florida. London has dropped their roster. The spark have dropped their roster. There is. A lot of vacancies now that you're going to have to fill, this is where people are getting their theories. Then because you're absolutely right, the farm system is not as deep for overwatch contenders has taken a hit as far as like top talent goes right they all these dropped their contender teams last year. So right how many teams are really less standing at this point with an organization backing them I should add of the guys that you might think would be better to pick up. You know all these players dropping our are sticking with over overwatch. Some are like mccreavy has. Announced that he is staying with over watch US looking for team but guys like Gamsu. He's a said that he's going to go back to compete and legal legends. AKM has announced that he's looking for a Valentim uncool I believe also announced from the fuel. trill another fuel player that has announced he wants to move over to looking for for a roster. If feels like a fifty fifty split between those staying in those really liked departing the scene. You know quote unquote retiring overwatch on it. It really does feel like fifty fifty based on the players that we've kind of seen publicly so far
"Hi everybody. Hi guys well from somewhere in Oregon and Salt Lake City Utah. It's thank God I'm atheist the podcast I'm mark and I'm Dan and. Mark Hello pay there now. You're not frank, I'm I'm not anymore. I have emerged like a butterfly from Christmas. From the Frank Shelf Christmas and the Frank. No thanks. That's right Thank you so much for coming on and and help out you you who have helped out here before but are also my co host over on the how do heretic. As much as well as other things I, guess you sure you've in the in the world not that I pay any attention. To the most important stuff Yeah. Unfortunately, I was going out of town and frank was going to have to find a replacement for me. And then, and then frank came down with some horrible apparently non-co vid disease. And and I had to fill in last as far as we know, frank does not have the Rona. Dead. Yeah it seems. It seems as though he is negative though false negatives have occurred in the world. So but anyways, prayers in that seed money coming in. Yes exactly basically, the only way to save him is to is to send us a all of your money. On the television screen, we'll tell you how to do that a later in the program also later in the show you and I are going to have a discussion about persecution privilege. And There's a difference between those two things and points and purpose purpose qwerty. So the four pence perspicacity yeah, which is also Yeah. I anyway, we'll get to all of that later on but in but first, why don't you tell me one of your stories I understand that you've come prepared with with stories to tell the kids you know me I'm already I've got a pocketful of magic for everybody so. This, this will probably relate a little bit to our discussion later in the show. Daniel Okay and this is an older article, but it's been making the rounds again because of reasons. Okay. Yeah. It's an article in the Atlantic by Emma Green and it's about. You know the most most persecuted people in America and those would be. Christians. Of course, they will let me. Let me read a couple of excerpts from the article here in. Many. Many Christians. Believe they are subject to religious discrimination in the United States new report from the Public Religion Research Institute and Brookings. Offers evidence. Almost half of Americans say discrimination against Christians is as big of a problem as discrimination against. Including blacks and minorities. Three quarters of Republicans and trump supporters said this. This article is like a year and a half old. So imagine it's much higher now. And so did nearly eight out of ten White Evangelical Protestants of the latter group six and ten believed that although America wants was a Christian nation, it is no longer a huge jump from twenty twelve. Forty, six percent of those surveyed said immigration from Mexico and Central America has been too high in recent years. Yeah. When asked the same question about immigrants from predominantly Christian countries though only ten percent of people said immigration has been too high. The irony in this is essentially the same question phrase student as Latin American countries are overwhelmingly Christian. Right. All those all those non-catholic Mexicans that are coming over our border. Yeah exactly. Well, who didn't Alex Jones we talk about Alex Jones saying that Mexico was run by a bunch of white shoes at one point but. You know. So Then to kind of conclude. While the US, is still a nation of faith with roughly seventy one percent of adults identifying some kind of Christian. Religious organizations of all kinds are struggling with lower levels of attendance declining participation in ritual practices. More and more people say they're not part of any religion and this is especially true of young people in their twenties and early thirties with you. Guys if religious believable believe their institutions are declining, which demographically speaking they are they may feel more threatened by what they perceive as the growing numbers of people in the country who have a different kind of faith. There's evidence of this in the strongest style. Many people seem to feel for the past and allusive time when Americans felt more of a consensus about their values and beliefs strong majorities. Evangelical Protestants in White Catholics believe America has changed for the worse since the nineteen. Fifties. So off the one, thousand, nine, hundred, Eighty s Jim crow women knowing their place raging cold war nuclear arms race the good old days as Back Yeah back when we could win when everybody's lives were so much better. So this is a lie that just will not die. Like this Christian persecution complex Oh. My God it is amazing and we're GONNA get to more of it. We're going to expound on later in the show like you alluded to but my God it is. It's astounding at what's really funny is. The Christians believe that it is a due to outside influence that everything's getting so bad. Not at not at all acknowledging that, no dude, the calls coming from inside. Right. He's leaving. You are doing this. Yeah. First of all. It's not true that you're being persecuted but part about right believing. You're doing that. Yeah exactly because you're persecuting. They're not leaving because the world outside of Christianity looks. So enticing your leaving because the world inside of Christianity is a an abusive health gape. Maybe work on that you
The Loneliness Of The Climate Change Christian
"Years of age Richard. CIZEK always dreamed of being a diplomat brokering agreements and alliances abroad for the United States I have old passport did money for most of his life or Memento worked on Capitol Hill as what he calls a diplomat for God he represented the largest network of Evangelical Christians the National Association of Evangelical the Naet, and we should just add that while the naet represents a wide swath of Evangelical Christians when we use the term evangelical in this episode, we're GonNa mean white evangelicals whose politics dynamics are very different from the Black Evangelical Church spotted Senator Hillary. Clinton is describes his job as being a lobbyist for thirty million evangelicals. Thank you got floppy blonde hair blue eyes elastic sort of face. Growing up in the family farm his mom was a Kennedy Democrat and his dad was a Nixon Republican and so I was always the bridge builder the diplomat in college he protested against the Vietnam War but he also signed up for ROTC and when I marched on Saturdays, my anti-war friends through exodus. CIZEK enjoyed being the kind of person who could move between worlds listen to both sides. But he also felt confused about what he believed in, and so I came home from my third year college to work for college tuition and. I was invited by a friend to a Baptist Church. And I heard an alter call. It didn't know at the time even what an alter call was it actually what is integral where the preacher, the evangelist or the pastor says? Received Jesus Christ as your person saying if you don't. You're turning away. God. You're saying no. To the Creator. In one thousand, nine, hundred, ninety, two, when CISIC became an evangelical that did not mean subscribing to one political party voting Republican that would happen by the end of the decade. More than thirty million Evangelical Christians in America, we will come you governor Ronald Reagan. That's INCISA. Gets a job at the National Association of Evangelical 's It was clear that evangelicals were forced to be reckoned with you know opposing gay rights opposing abortion, but he wants to do more than the family values. Stuff imagines an even bigger role for Christians in politics I wrote a letter to the White House suggesting that the president newly elected. Ronald Reagan. That he ought to give a major speech on the morality of the Soviet Union and nuclear arms. And speechwriters at the White House they called me up and they said we like this come meet with US Ladies and gentlemen the President of the United States. This speech that Reagan gave to size in March of Nineteen ninety-three hue very become one of his most famous. Those of you win the National Association of Evangelical just going to talk about the issues that Christians are known to care about teenage sex pornography abortion and hard drugs. They talk about the Cold War Erica has kept alight the torture freedom to words made the speech. So famous when evil empire because the Soviets. Evil, empire the focus of evil in the modern. World Reagan. Took something that had not been Christian issue and made it. One Reagan was challenging the evangelicals not to sit on the sidelines or you pleased chorus I mean this was like a coup on my part. He was the guy who invited Reagan to speak my credit my street cred with this conservative group that I'd come to work for was established eventually sizing. Became Vice President for government affairs the and it's evangelical started getting more political power. This funny thing happened where non-christians would approach Cizek just to get his support on some piece of legislation and seismic was open will join with the youth the dreaded Aclu to pass the prison rape. Reform Act felt like speaking out on other issues that would actually give evangelical is more clout join with feminist pass. The trafficking victims. Protection Act. And then size, it gets an invitation did he s think hard about? The invitation is to Oxford England for a big conference on global warming. So your desk to get this invitation you automatically you're sure you WANNA take it. Is there any doubt? No no I I again have to calculate and I ask the chair of the board at the time and she says you shouldn't go. Because why? One. skepticism about mainstream science in you know there is this syllogism. Scientists believe. In climate change scientists believe in evolution. So. We don't believe
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"Not with a bang but with a whimper kill Gorbachev's programs of glasnost or openness and Perestroika restructuring were intended to save the Soviet Union not destroy it but the wall the real one inside people's heads had already been torn down the Soviet system could withstand restructuring but it could never survived glasnost could never survive openness because secrecy was the coin of the realm six months before the summit at Reykjavik the number four reactor at the annual nuclear power plant in the Ukrainian Soviet socialist republic exploded over the strident nearly violent opposition of the technicians. Running the reactor safety protocols had been disabled. In order to achieve a political objective the Kremlin refused to admit that there'd been an accident and it was only a week later as a sea of radiation swept across Eastern Europe that they grudgingly conceded that there had been a problem. Communism and we're mutually exclusive on November Ninth Nineteen eighty-nine a spokesperson for the East German government casually mentioned over the radio that starting at midnight. East German citizens were free to cross. The border knows how this happened. It was just time by midnight. The roads were flooded. Two million people had gone to the West United at last with the relatives. They'd not seen in forty years. The citizens of Berlin use cameras picks and bare and bloody hands to tear down the gray monstrosity. That had cut through their lives for two generations over the long gray years of the Cold War. They'd stolen armored cars and crush them through barricades. They'd floated out to sea on air mattresses. They used a bow and Arrow to fire a ZIP line into West. Berlin and then zoomed over the wall. They constructed ultralight airplanes. They'd made their own hot air balloon. One of them had walked an unused power line like a tight rope and broke both his arms as he fell into freedom and about a dozen elderly men and women spent months of backbreaking labor and escaped through what became known as the senior citizens. Tunnel all of that ended on November. Ninth someone spray painted a message on the grey concrete. Only today at red. Is the war. Really over the Berliner. Who wrote it was referring to World War Two in an act of monumental personal heroism? Let Falesa an electrician that a shipyard in Gdansk had started a labor union called solidarity. It was the first competition. The Communist Party had seen since one thousand nine hundred seventeen and a direct and rapidly growing challenge to communist rule in Hungary in nineteen fifty six in Czechoslovakia in one thousand. Nine hundred sixty eight Russian tanks had invaded and crush the nascent rebellion but in Poland. In one thousand nine hundred eighty. They did not the Baltic as a SARS declared their independence from the Soviet Union. They would be Latvia. Lithuania and Estonia once more novelist ballclub hobble could broadcast live as his native. Prog was crushed by the Soviets in one thousand nine hundred sixty eight led a bloodless transition and Czechoslovakia that became known as the Velvet Revolution. But the husband and wife Romanian dictators Nikolai and Elena. Ceausescu were simply put up against wallet shot by their own people. There'd been a coup attempt against Mikhail Gorbachev by Russian hardliners in August of Nineteen Ninety One. But it was far far too late for that kind of thing. The coup collapsed after three days and Gorbachev returned to the Kremlin but his personal power like that of the state he had tried to save was irrevocably shattered. He resigned as the eighth and final leader of the Soviet Union on Christmas Day. Nineteen Ninety one and the next evening the red and gold hammer and sickle flag. Flying above the Kremlin was rundown without ceremony and the white blue and red flag of the Russian Federation was raised in its place when all was said and done that had not been submarines or bombers or ICBM's that had decided the matter. The Cold War was not won. Militarily was not one politically or even economically the Cold War ended once Ronald Reagan Margaret Thatcher. Pope John Paul the second leg Falesa Vaclav Havel and the citizens of Berlin simply spoke out. About what the Soviet system was and what they saw it was in the end a moral victory and forty three years after the Berlin blockade. It was nothing more nor less than the voice of free people. Speaking the truth that had doomed the Communist Empire there was American Victory Parade to mark the end of the Cold War but in one thousand. Nine hundred ninety. Seven Mikhail Gorbachev Farmers Secretary General at the Communist Party of the Soviet Union appeared in a TV commercial for Pizza Hut. Now the Cold War could've ended with Ronald Reagan dying of Tuberculosis in a Soviet Gulag. But it didn't when I saw the eighth and final leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics eating pizza in an American TV commercial. I knew that the Cold War was finally over and that we had one.
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"I don't know what else I could have done. Replied Gorbachev then. They stood there for a long moment in silence as if each waiting for the other two gesture back to the house but neither did Reagan. Look down the door of his limo. Gorbachev nodded and Reagan slumped inside later in private. He would hold up his hands thumbs and forefingers just an inch apart and tell his chief of Staff Don Regan that we were this close to getting rid of all the missiles but Reagan at walked out walked out because of a single ten letter word just before the two men emerged from the cozy house out into the gloom. Reagan gestured at all the earth shaking proposals. Both sides had put on the table and ask the Soviet leader. If he really would quote turn down a historic opportunity because of a single word unquote. Well it turns out that the Soviet leader would that word was laboratory shortly before taking office. Reagan had told his closest advisers about his strategy for the Cold War. It's simple really. He said we win. They lose Truman. Eisenhower Kennedy and Johnson had tried containment. Nixon made a strong effort with diplomacy and detente Ford and Carter attempted to keep up the pressure on the Soviets but despite the Brezhnev stagnation Russian conventional forces continued to grow. Reagan wanted to win the Cold War and that meant changing the fundamental equation. What if there was an alternative to mutually assured destruction? What if the inevitable. Nuclear retaliation was not inevitable? What if there was a way to change from infant capability and reading the tea leaves and chicken entrails of intent? Reagan came to believe there might be an answer looking back on it. It seems incredible that sti the Strategic Defense Initiative could have been taken as seriously as it was fast orbital battle stations x Ray lasers powered by nuclear explosions and swarms of small hunter killer. Satellites called Smart Rocks Brilliant Pebbles. Sti instantly mocked as star. Wars was a plan to be able to shoot down twenty five thousand inbound Soviet warheads simultaneously. Surely the entire idea was ridiculous but Reagan didn't think it was ridiculous. Reagan at promised the American people that he would investigate whether or not sti was viable whether STI would worker not was no longer the point. The point was that Reagan believed it would work and meant to go ahead with and looking back on how he'd handle the PAT. Go strike the Soviets at come to the conclusion that Ronald Reagan considered himself a man of his word. The American determination to move ahead on a Defensive Shield meant that the Soviet Union would have no choice but to develop similar technologies themselves. It was either that or nuke America right that in there and get it all over with while they still could and while the United States had spent somewhere around three percent of GDP for defense during the road of the Cold War by the time both men arrived in Reykjavik. The Soviets were spending twenty five percent of their GDP defense and was still unable to feed. Its own people. They'd simply run out of rope. A world. Free from Nuclear Armageddon was on that small table coming into the summit the Soviets in the words of an American official had showered with gifts and it seemed that all Gorbachev had wanted in return was a promise that STI research would be confined to the laboratory star. Wars was a space based system. It had to be tested in space. Space is not a laboratory replied the Soviets and on this point they would not budge. So Reagan walked away and watching the two men leave Iceland. I remember feeling physically sick. The last helicopter out of Hell had just departed. We were that close in the darkness after the First World War as the treaty of her side tap deep into the well of bitterness in Germany an American expat living in Britain named Elliott caught the mood of despair in a poem called the Hollow Man. This is the way the world ends. This is the way the world ends. This is the way the world ends not with a bang but with a whimper. And this is the way our story ends as well now with a bang but with a whimper. Many years after the fall of the Soviet Union Reagan's secretary of State. George Shultz that a chance to speak with Mikhail Gorbachev at Stanford University when they came to high office said Schultz. The Cold War could not have been colder and yet when we left it was basically over what do you think was the turning point? Reykjavik replied Gorbachev without hesitation. Why as the former secretary of state expecting the former leader of the former Soviet Union to respond with talks of missiles and tanks and aircraft carriers. And all that stuff but Gorbachev said for the first time. The two leaders really had a chance to talk to each other and it was true. It didn't talk about missiles. They talked about their wives and children. They talked about their childhoods on opposite sides of the world divided by an iron curtain. They talked about a future without fear and they had both put everything on the table at Reykjavik everything and yet both walked away on principle. A both men had seen the promised land and neither of them would forget it. Eight months after their meeting in Iceland. President Reagan stood before the Brandenburg Gate in West Berlin. And he said general-secretary Gorbachev if you seek peace if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union eastern if you seek liberalization. Come here to this gate. Mister Gorbachev Open this gate. Mister Gorbachev tear down this wall.
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"Worse on October. Sixth Nineteen seventy-three Egyptian forces crossed the Suez Canal enforce and on that same day Syrian forces attacked Israel in the Golan Heights to the north. These joint sneak. Attacks took place on the holiest Jewish holidays. Yom Kapoor and took the Israeli forces completely. By surprise as the idea of slowly halted the twin advances in stabilized their lines the US began to airlift military aid to its Israeli ally. Ordinary Americans were about to learn a new four letter. Word OPEC the Organization of Petroleum. Exporting Countries composed Venezuela Iraq Saudi Arabia Iran Kuwait Algeria Libya and Nigeria on October Seventeenth nineteen seventy-three OPEC's Arab oil producers cut production by five percent and announced an embargo against the United States as retaliation for its support of Israel in the Yom Kippur War by December of Nineteen. Seventy-three the amount OPEC oil reaching. The United States was twenty five percent of what it had been in September once by far the world's largest oil exporter by the time of the Arab oil embargo. Us production accounted for a mere sixteen point five percent of global output and that is far far below what the nation consumed then the Arab oil embargo hit and all of a sudden virtually overnight. Gasoline could not be had for love or money stretched for miles. That's not hyperbole. There were lines for each pump that stretched for miles and wait times just to get some gas. Were often several hours long and this was happening in America Vietnam Watergate now this shortages and lines were supposed to be what happened to the Communists in nineteen seventy four. The Emergency Highway Energy Conservation Act was signed into law in an attempt to cut fuel consumption by a little over two percent. It ended up saving less than half of that a nationwide speed limit of fifty five miles. An hour was established. Now crawling the length of the Florida turnpike. That's two hundred and fifty miles up the most boring highway on the face of planet earth at fifty five miles an hour was enough to make grown men cry radar detectors and CB radio made you feel. It was your patriotic duty to break that particular law and yet there was nothing to do but just sit back and take it and we weren't done yet far from it. Nineteen seventy six. Was The nation's bicentennial America was two hundred years old. It looked the famous Hollywood sign above Los Angeles was rusted and filled with holes and collapsing. By nineteen. Seventy eight. It would say lally. What the Statue of Liberty was falling apart for internal skeleton so badly corroded that not only were trips inside. The statue prohibited until further notice. There was a real and growing risk that her entire right arm would fall off and crash onto the pedestal below. The country was sick and more and more it looked terminally sick. Gerald Ford had just survived a tough primary challenge from the former governor of California. His opponent in the general election was a peanut farmer who had gone on to become governor of the Great State of Georgia. His name was James. Earl Carter but no one ever called him that he'd been known prison tire. Political career is Jimmy and in the beaten up years after Vietnam and Watergate at Hedda comforting sound to it somehow Jimmy Carter was a Washington outsider and he ran like one and on November. Second Nineteen seventy six. He was elected. America's thirty ninth president with an Electoral Count of two hundred ninety seven votes to Gerald. Ford's two hundred forty many people including Gerald Ford himself believed that Ford would have won in nineteen seventy six headed not been for his pardon of Richard Nixon two years before Washington Post reporter Carl Bernstein. Who upon hearing the news of Ford's pardon yelled that son of a bitch? Pardon the son of the same Carl Bernstein that had been so mercilessly accusing Ford of a quid pro quo. That simply was not true. Said forty years after the Watergate scandal. That quote it turns out. It really was a courageous and necessary act unquote in two thousand and one senator. Ted Kennedy presented Ford with John F. Kennedy profile encourage award in recognition of the courage Ford displayed in issuing the pardon that Kennedy himself at so vigorously denounced at the time for that issued it. Gerald r Ford died on the day after Christmas in two thousand six. At his home in Rancho Mirage is eight hundred ninety five days in office remained the shortest term ever served by a president who did not die in office. It deserved better. After being sworn in Jimmy Carter decided to break with tradition and walk his inauguration route. Whether did this out of a genuine sense of populism or because no gasoline could be found for the presidential limousine has not been recorded in April of one thousand nine hundred seventy seven just a few months into his presidency. President Carter declared that the US energy crisis was quote the moral equivalent of war unquote. His strategy for winning. This war was to install solar water heating panels on the White House roof and turn down the heat and wear a sweater inside at the White House a policy. He advised all Americans to follow. He formed the Department of Energy in August as a person who lived through the energy crisis. I was too young to know what the Energy Department did exactly but I did observe that the one thing it did not do was provide more energy now advising Americans to lower their thermostats winter and wear sweaters and doors may not sound like the kind of thing that would trigger a Soviet breakout through the FULDA gap and the beginning of World War three and to suggest that it was only that is of course absurd but in an age where the military power on both sides of the Iron Curtain was literally overwhelming in. Other words unstoppable. The world had entered a dynamic ad never seen before all throughout human history. The leaders of tribes an empire city states clans and modern nations have had to worry about their enemies capabilities and their intent but when both NATO and the Warsaw Pact each possess twenty-five five thousand thermonuclear weapons enemy capability became essentially infinite for the first time in human history defense planners on both sides were faced with the reality that there is no defense mad mutually assured destruction was never what so many claimed it was namely a strategy. Mutual assured destruction meant that there could be no strategy because in a world with infinite offensive capabilities. Defense was impossible if enemy capability is infinite. Well that leaves you nothing to work with but enemy intent and now we come to the FULDA GAP EQUATION. Forget Brezhnev Forget Khrushchev. Forget malekov forget. Even Stalin. Lenin knew that the state created could never coexist with the Western democracies in their capitalist economies for the Soviet Union. The Cold War was and would forever be a zero sum game. They knew America's capabilities. They were infinite like their own. That meant that the only path for Soviet survival would be to bet the collective farm on American intent. America was weak. America seemed lost. Its naive peanut farming president lamenting his own nations lack of confidence and spiritual energy. It's National Malays. He'd cancelled the supersonic. Be One nuclear bomber capable of penetrating. Soviet air defenses at low altitude and releasing swarms of new deadly-accurate nuclear tipped cruise missiles. So the question wasn't what such a man would do if pressed into a corner. The real question was what did these paranoid maquiavelian isolated oligarchs think he would do if pushed into a corner on November Fourth Nineteen seventy-nine not an army but a rabble Arabian fundamentalists students climbed the wall of the US embassy in Iran when embassy guards I branched their firearms. One of the students exclaimed. We don't mean any harm. The embassy guards lowered their weapons. And at that moment it became clear that the most powerful nation in the world was not prepared to use deadly force to defend the sovereign territory of their embassy against a small group of disorganized unarmed invaders. Fifty two hostages were taken captive and lead blindfolded out of the embassy in front of the entire world in response. America's sent off a strongly worded letter of protest on December. Twenty four th in a final test of American and NATO resolve. The Soviet Union launched a full scale military invasion of Afghanistan. President Carter responded to this open. Active military aggression by declaring that American athletes would not participate in the nineteen eighty Moscow Olympics on April twenty. Four thousand nine hundred eighty. The United States launched a daring attempt to free the American hostages by military action code named Operation Eagle Claw The H. fifty-three DC stallion helicopters. That would evacuate the hostages from the American Embassy in Tehran. Lacked the range to get there and back from their launch point aboard a US aircraft carrier. So the first night of the operation would be spent consolidating fuel troops helicopters and other resources at a remote location far from Tehran known as desert one while hover taxiing into position to refuel. Sudden sandstorm blinded the pilots. One of the six rescue helicopters is tail. Rotor struck the vertical stabiliser of one of the four one. Thirty Hercules transports that had been preparing to repeal the Sea Stallion. The main rotor then tore into the four engined turboprops wing root. Both vehicles exploded. Us forces then boarded the remaining e. c. One Thirties and departed leaving five helicopters behind. Three of them were too badly damaged. Ever fly again. But the other two remain in service with the Navy of the Islamic Republic of Iran to this day.
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"Ford's friend and Press Secretary Gerard Ter Horst resigned in protest. Critics immediately charged that there had been a quid pro quo that Nixon had chosen Ford predicated on Ford secret. Promise to issue a pardon in return for the vice presidency. The New York Times charged that Ford's pardon of Richard. Nixon was quote a profoundly unwise divisive an unjust act unquote that had done irreparable damage to the new president's quote credibility as a man of judgment candor and competence unquote two months later. The midterm elections of nineteen seventy four took place on November fifth two years of lies and cover ups on the part of Nixon's Republican Administration and the widespread anger and disillusionment affords. Pardon of the former president in September resulted in a massive gain for the Democrats who had already held majorities in both houses of Congress. Ford continued the salt talks that Nixon had initiated. And for awhile it seemed the detente would survive the departure of its architect. But the Kremlin which had done so much to actively undermine. Us morale throughout the Cold War continued to stare at the tea leaves and look for signs. Was this the same America that had performed with such confidence in nineteen seventy two or Watergate? Broken the back of American morale. According to the terms of the Paris peace talks that ended American involvement in Vietnam? The process of Vietnamese ation begun by Nixon in nineteen sixty nine had come with an open ended commitment for every South Vietnamese helicopter. Lost for every arvin bullet fired. United States would make good in the form of a commitment of massive aid for the South Vietnamese government. Nixon had requested one point. Four five billion dollars a far larger some in nineteen seventy-two purchasing power than it is today and additional emergency funding would be provided as needed now those most actively opposed the Vietnam War had claimed and continue to claim that it was unwinnable but one fact is undeniable when the United States and the Republic Vietnam in the South signed the peace accords with the Communist. North the so-called Democratic Republic of Vietnam so called because it was not nor had ever been either Democratic or republic the North Vietnamese which had spent ten years invading and trying to overrun the American back. South had failed all of their forces on the paper that they'd signed at least where back over the seventeen th parallel where they had started. When America shooting war in Vietnam was over the Communist forces were backward. They had been before. The war began if the entire purpose of the US involvement in Vietnam was to repel the Communist invasion and if that communist invasions objective was to night Vietnam into one communist entity. Then despite all of the mismanagement failed tactics lack of strategic vision and all the rest from a military perspective when both sides signed the peace agreement the military objective of the United States had been achieved and the military objective of the communist North had failed. That simple fact is beyond dispute and the North stayed behind that line for more than two full years from the time they the Paris Peace Accords on January twenty seventh nineteen seventy-three until North Vietnamese General Ventiaan. Doom began what became known as the spring offensive by crossing into South Vietnam on March tenth. Nineteen seventy five so what had happened to change that postwar status quo between those two milestones the signing of the peace agreement in January of Nineteen seventy-three and the reinvasion of the south in April of nineteen seventy-five. Well Watergate it happened. Nixon had resigned. Ford had issued his pardon. The American divisiveness grew antiwar Democrats swept the nineteen seventy four midterm elections and when South Vietnam called for the aid promised to them at the close of hostilities. They did not get it. This idea that America won the war but that Antiwar Democrats lost the peace has not surprisingly been incandescently denied by American left. They claimed that the entire Democrat sold out. South Vietnam story is false because the Democratic Congress did not in fact cut off funds to South Vietnam. It turns out that this is indeed true but that same argument admits that only seven hundred million was authorized for the relief and support of the Republic of Vietnam but seven hundred million dollars was not what had been agreed upon was in fact pretty precisely half of what had been agreed upon and when it was clear that the north meant to test those waters an additional emergency grant of three hundred million dollars also stipulated as an American guarantee in the peace accords was not issued. Either none of it so there. It sits America promised to throw South Vietnam rope if it started to flounder. One side says that the Democratic Congress of Nineteen seventy four did not throw the rope. The other claims that they did throw a rope is true but they usually neglect to add that the rope they threw only reached halfway to the person that was drowning. Meanwhile the second invasion of the South begun on March tenth nineteen seventy five continued to gather steam. The southern cities of way fell on March Twenty Fifth Danang on the twenty eighth both of which had seen fierce fighting throughout the war but there was no response from the Americans growing more confident by the day. Both north and South Vietnam looked to see if the promised American aid would be forthcoming. It was not after the loss of denying it became clear that nothing short of a resumption of massive B fifty two strikes against Hanoi. The same irresistible pressure that had brought the North back to the peace tables at the end of nineteen. Seventy two could stop the spring invasion but by this point the North Vietnamese politburo had seen enough to know which way the wind was blowing having initially urged dunes forces to proceed with caution and be prepared to fall back. Should they encounter serious resistance on April eighth? They radio their decision. That Deng should proceed with quote unremitting vigor in the attack all the way to the heart of Saigon Unquote on April ninth. North Vietnamese forces had reached the outer defensive perimeter of Saigon. The ARVIN fought a fierce eleven day. Long last stand but once it was clear that America would not be delivering on. Its promise what was left of. South Vietnamese morale completely collapsed as American and South Vietnamese personnel race. To escape the surrounded city. The defensive primitive continue to collapse. The final image of the American presence in Vietnam was of an ant like line of terrified civilians precariously climbing a makeshift ladder to the roof of an apartment building where a CIA helicopter sat with rotors spinning with nothing like the capacity to take all of those refugees onboard. That was on April twenty. Ninth Nineteen seventy five today. That same apartment building at twenty two Geo Long Street is a Vietnamese tourist attraction now. The following day April Thirtieth nineteen seventy five the surviving south. Vietnamese defenders surrendered. Saigon was renamed. Ho cheesman city somewhere between two to three hundred thousand. South Vietnamese civilians were sent to communist re education camps where many died of starvation disease and torture during their years of hard labor over the next twenty years perhaps eight hundred thousand Vietnamese would flee communist rule many of them in primitive boats as the hundreds of thousands of Cubans who also fled from Communism in Cuba. No one knows how many were lost at sea through drowning dehydration. Starvation PIRACY WERE SHARK ATTACKS. But it is certainly tens of thousands and perhaps hundreds of thousands of individual lives lost. Today Vietnam is a hotbed of capitalism. But detente died on the roof of an apartment building in Saigon. In nineteen seventy five detente could only work with a strong America. Adroit diplomacy and the kind of continual pressure that had been put on the Soviet Union in the early Nineteen Seventies. But by nineteen seventy. Five all the Kremlin could see was an America that appeared weaker and was weaker than it had been at any time during the cold. War detente would end because the Soviets thought they no longer needed to abide by the self evident American weakness. Convinced them to take a more aggressive path. One that in nineteen seventy five and for the five years that followed did not seem to have a downside for the Russians. This was the road that might very likely end with a final push into the small German town of Fulda for if the United States would no longer spend blood nor treasure to try and stop a rag tag bunch of under-equipped underfed and undertrained Asian Communists. What could he defeated and demoralized? United States possibly do against the might of huge columns of highly disciplined well-equipped Warsaw Pact armor determined to end the Cold War with a triumphant communism surging across the Iron Curtain and pushing the beaten and demoralized west. Back into the sea. It would get.
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"When news broke that Richard Nixon or high ranking members of his administration at authorized a break in Democratic Party headquarters at the Watergate Complex on June seventeenth. Nineteen seventy two the entire geostrategic. Political situation. Changed almost overnight. Richard Nixon whose breakthrough visit to China had led to the triangular diplomacy that had given the United States. The leverage it needed for detente was under attack and the nature of his response. The coverup proved far more damaging. The break in itself had been newspaper. Reporters relentless pursuit of the story forced the Nixon administration down a path of ever-greater denials deceit and cover-ups Washington Post reporters. Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein were driving the ever-increasing scandal. There's an anecdotal report. That one of them once said that all Nixon had to do was take a cocktail Napkin and writes something to the effect of. I did not authorize and was not aware of the break in but the people who did were members of my administration and that means I bear full responsibility for the consequences. Something like that and that would have been the end of the Watergate scandal at least according to Woodward and Bernstein but that was not the path that Nixon chose and so what Nixon successor described as our long national nightmare continued day after day. Week after week. Revelations testimonies erased tape recordings and all the rest the Kremlin watched as Nixon was drowning before their eyes and they would wait and see if America would go down with two years one month and twenty three days after the break in on the sixth floor of Twenty. Six hundred Virginia Avenue. Richard Mille House Nixon. Thirty seventh president of the United States of America became the first president in US. History to resign from office his running mate in both the nineteen sixty eight and nineteen seventy-two. Republican victories former Maryland. Governor Spiro T. Agnew had resigned in disgrace over an unrelated tax evasion scandal on October tenth. Nineteen seventy-three the twenty Fifth Amendment to the US Constitution ratified just a few years. Earlier in nineteen sixty seven clarified the rules for presidential succession or incapacitation section to stated quote whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the vice president. The president shall nominate a vice president. Who Shall Take Office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both houses of Congress with agnew's departure in disgrace Richard? Nixon knew that America needed in the fall of nineteen seventy-three was a man of unimpeachable honesty and integrity and when he approached Republican leaders in Congress about such a vice presidential successor. The result was unanimous. We gave Nixon No choice but Ford House Speaker. Carl Albert later recalled House Minority leader. Gerald r Ford was surprised and flattered by Nixon's offer telling his wife Betty that the vice presidency would provide quote a nice conclusion to his political career. The Senate vote on November. Twenty seventh was ninety-two in favor with three. Democrats opposed on December sixth. The House confirmed him by three hundred. Eighty seven to thirty five vote margin and an hour later. He was sworn in as the fortieth vice president of the United States. One year. Eight months and three days later Richard. Nixon would walk out of the White House and out onto the South Lawn. It was appropriately enough. An overcast gray and gloomy day. It was August. Ninth Nineteen seventy four and the thirty seventh. President of the United States had just resigned on national television as the former president and his family boarded the presidential helicopter. Marine One Nixon turned waved and then extended both arms with his trademark fee for victory gesture and then disappeared down the darkened. I'll only his right. Hand was clearly visible behind the dark. Bulletproof glass of marine ones window nexans face was lost in the gloom of the political disgrace. That he was about to disappear into the Ford stared stone. We ahead as if it a funeral service. Which of course it was just as the helicopter rotors began to dig into the gray missed. The small group of supporters started to wave. Goodbye the man who in a few hours would be sworn in as the thirty eighth president of the United States of America was among the last to do so. You could tell that Gerald Ford thought it unseemly somehow but wave. He did as Marine. One climbed into the gloom flew behind the granite of the Washington Monument and disappeared below the distant treeline. No one knew it yet. But with the very real chance to end the Cold War in the mid nineteen seventies for Richard Nixon's departure that it added another fifteen long and increasingly dangerous years to the Cold War. What happened in the immediate aftermath of the site of that helicopter disappearing into the gloom most certainly did Gerald Ford was a good and decent man not blessed. By overabundance of charisma he was nevertheless a strong and capable president. Who did much to start healing? A near mortally wounded nation in its darkest hour since the civil war as the first president in US history to have assumed the presidency without having been elected either as president or vice president he appeared on national television late on August ninth. While the shock of Nixon's resignation and departure earlier on that momentous day had held the nation's spellbound and his plainspoken honesty and humility were immediately apparent. I am acutely aware that you have not elected me as your president by your balance so I ask you to confirm me as your president with your prayers. My fellow Americans. Our Long National Nightmare is over. Our Constitution works. Our Great Republic is a government of laws and not of man here the people rule but there is a higher power by whatever name we honor him who are Danes Not only righteousness but love only justice but mercy let us restore the golden rule to our political process and let brotherly love purge our hearts of suspicion and of hate now. Paradoxically in fact cruelly. It was that same clear. I'd love of country that would cost this president so much of his trust and credibility Ford had really believed that with the resignation of Richard Nixon. Our Long National Nightmare was indeed truly over. But it wasn't the recrimations investigations rancor and seemingly endless self-destruction continued in a broadcast to the nation on September. Eighth of nine thousand nine hundred seventy four just less than one month into his presidency. Gerald Ford further shocked a still stunned America and declared now therefore I Gerald r Ford President of the United States pursuant into the pardon power conferred upon me by article two section two of the Constitution have granted and by these presents do grant a full free and absolute pardon onto Richard Nixon for all offenses against the United States which he Richard. Nixon has committed or may have committed or taken part in during the period from July twenty nineteen sixty nine through August. Nine nine thousand nine hundred seventy four. Ford's popularity fell from seventy one percent to fifty percent practically overnight..
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"Becca nearly seventies the Tab for Project Zoran came about eight hundred million dollars which would be about four billion dollars today. Now add to that the price of the Youtube Program Project. Aqua tone the a twelve built for project ox cart and the multiple satellites of project corona and you end up with tens if not hundreds of billions of dollars spent on the American technological wizardry. That come up with such amazing Sigmund signal intelligence but none of these programs nor all of them combined with come close to what was learned in the single greatest intelligence hall of the entire Cold War in late nineteen sixty seven an American sailor short on cash and dressed in civilian clothes walked into the Soviet embassy in Washington DC. He was in there for a while but when he finally emerged he had several thousand dollars in his pocket payment for top secret radio safer card that he'd stolen from the navy and exactly the kind of thing. The project was designed to retrieve even better. He shrewdly negotiated an ongoing salary of between five hundred to one thousand dollars a week. He used this money to pay off some of his several outstanding debts and to hire a professional bartender for the failing nightclub video as a chief warrant officer in the United States Navy. He was transferred in nineteen sixty nine to San Diego to train new Navy personnel in his field of expertise which was radio communications. Gary made an important friend. Jerry Whitworth. Who's also on his way to becoming a chief petty officer in the US Navy? Things were starting to get a bit tight for the sailor and he was running out of useful information to sell to the Soviet Union for his five hundred dollars a week but Whitworth had access to even more sensitive material and so the secrets and the money continued to flow in one thousand nine hundred ninety six. He retired from the navy to become a private investigator but not before recruiting his brother. Arthur and his son Michael into the family business is wife. Barbara whom he was said to a beaten somewhat regularly knew about the little mom and pop operation but remained. Well clear never touching the actual merchandise the two divorced in nineteen seventy six and somewhat later. Barbara was worried that her son who unbeknownst her was already. A spy would be pulled by her ex-husband into the spy ring. In order to prevent this she decided to call the FBI with some news that they might be interested in but they ignored her certain she was just another loon with an ax to grind against her ex and the fact that she was often roaring drunk when she made the calls did not help her credibility she later said that had she known her son had already been recruited she would have never made the call in. November of Nineteen eighty-four she again went to the Boston Office of the FBI. They once again dismissed her as a drunk. Bitter woman bent on revenge but since the person she was accusing lived in Virginia. The Boston Office sent the report to the bureau station in Norfolk. Those guys somewhat reluctantly decided it might be worth pursuing John. Anthony Walker was arrested during the early morning hours of May Twentieth Nineteen Eighty five just prior to his arrest. He'd been observed placing package in a remote wooded area inside that package or one hundred and twenty four pages of highly classified information recently stolen from the U. S. S. Nimitz were Walker Son. Michael was assigned when Michael was arrested aboard. The Nimitz is locker was found to be stuffed with page. After page of highly classified information word having traveled quickly throughout the ship. Michael Walker had to be escorted off the carrier by armed guard in order to protect him from his fellow sailors and Marines. Who likely would have beaten him to death during its eighteen year history. It is estimated that the Walker spiring handed more than one million classified documents to the KGB. It was walker that informed the Soviets that the US subs could easily track. Soviet boomers through their advocating propellers credible reports claim that even the effectiveness of beef fifty two missions in Vietnam was reduced significantly by information provided by Walker. He gave them advanced propeller designs. Soundproofing methods operations. Information cryptography secrets. He gave them everything. The technological wizardry of the American signal intelligence had cost the United States tens of billions of dollars and that money had been well spent but after his arrest a New York Times story estimated that eighteen years of spying at cost the Soviet Union. A mere three hundred fifty thousand dollars in payments to John Walker for Information. That was literally priceless. The Soviets could never match American technological sophistication when it came to signal intelligence but they were had been and would remain the undisputed masters of Human Human Intelligence. They hadn't built mach three spy planes or constellations of spy satellites and they'd not tried to raise a submarine from the deepest depths of the Pacific. All they had done was pay a thousand dollars a week to an alcoholic wife beater a traitor who not only put his fellow sailors in mortal peril but who single-handedly altered the balance of power between the United States and the Soviet Union allowing the Russians to leapfrog the decades of research and engineering efforts needed to all of this technological magic in the first place. John Anthony Walker died of unknown causes on August. Twenty eighth two thousand fourteen. While still in prison it would have been eligible for parole in two thousand fifteen.
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"Operation sandblast. It was called. Although it was originally named Project Magellan since the Triton would follow as closely as possible Ferdinand Magellan's first circumnavigation of the globe launched in fifteen nineteen and completed in fifteen twenty two on September twentieth. Fifteen Nineteen Magellan led five ships and two hundred seventy men out of San Lucar about Anita on the southern coast of Spain. One Thousand and eighty two days later. One of the five ships Victoria returned to Port with eighteen of the two hundred. Seventy men that had departed and Magellan was not among them having been killed in the Philippine islands. Not Too far from where Rufino Baring saw his sea monster centuries later since this mission would be top secret. The crew didn't even know what the plan was until they were at sea. It was judged that project Magellan was a little too on the nose and so the navy. Renamed it operation sandblast because Captain Beach. See what they did. There said quote it would take a lot of sand unquote meaning guts to stay submerged for two straight months. Nothing even remotely like it had ever been tried before just six weeks before Triton left her home in New London Connecticut President. Eisenhower's naval aide Captain. Evan Iran summed up the entire Cold War mindset in three sentences quote. There's no doubt that sooner or later the USSR will put some nuclear submarine. To See it would be a shame if we permit them to announce this to the world by virtue of some dramatic feet which we could have done ourselves. This could be sputnik all over again but without any excuses. Project is in my estimation head and shoulders above any of the remainder as a feat of submarine navigation and a demonstration of the global range of nuclear submarines unquote. This was of course more than a mere publicity stunt returning home by late April such a breathtaking display of American know. How would be just the thing president? Eisenhower to announce just before his Paris summit with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev in May unfortunately for Captain Beach in his crew. Exactly one week after returning to the United States Francis Gary Powers. U2 spy-plane was shot down over the Soviet Union an event which wiped operation sandblast off the front page and soured the Paris summit beyond salvation operation sandblast had driven home. What was it? I only dimly apparent during Operation Sunshine. Just a little less than two years earlier which featured the world's first nuclear powered submarine. Ssn Five seventy one. Us Nautilus named after Captain Nemo's atomic powered craft from Jules Verne's twenty thousand leagues under the Sea. A prior to Nautilus American submarines carried the letters s subsurface followed by the whole number but nautilus would mark the beginning of an entirely new era because SSN five seventy one subsurface nuclear was the first boat whose linear descendants would go on to displace the mighty aircraft carrier as the indispensable weapon of the cold. War underway on Nuclear Power Radio Commander Wilkinson as he took Nautilus out to see for the first time on the morning of January seventeenth nineteen fifty five after a few years of sea. Trials and operational patrols. The Nuclear Power Plant Board Nautilus was purring like an atomic kitten so it was time for the first tentative step to see what an SSN could really do appreciate. Sunshine began on August first. Nineteen fifty eight. You assess Nautilus submerged in the Barrow. See off the coast of Alaska and headed north two days later just before midnight eastern time on August third she passed directly under the ice of the Earth's North Pole and ninety six hours after submerging in the North Pacific as a sent five seventy one surfaced in the North Atlantic just northeast agreement prior to Nautilus a diesel electric submarine. Like the famed gotTa class used by the US Navy during World War. Two could rent submerged on batteries for a maximum of about forty eight hours crawling along at a speed of two knots. That's about ninety six miles total distance during Operation Sunshine. Us Nautilus trampled one thousand five hundred and ninety nautical miles without surfacing and then a few years later her big sister. Triton would circumnavigate the entire globe underwater. It was a whole new world if you're one of those practical disciplined people who've never found themselves under the burden of debt that you really can't meet. You don't really understand that it doesn't just drain your bank account that kind of debt drains your entire emotional reserves it. Kinda drains. Your soul having big debt is like a giant cloud that always follows you around and it's almost impossible to relax. It's hard to be happy when you're in that kind of debt. Sometimes it's all you think about the problem with that. Of course is it's easy to get into but until now it's been tough to get out of but now fortunately there's upstart dot com upstart goes beyond the traditional credit score when assessing your credit worthiness they actually reward you based on your education and your job history. It's a smarter way to look at you. Because frankly upstart thinks that you're more than your credit score. They make it fast simple and easy to check your rate and since it's just a soft pull it won't affect your credit score. The hard pull happens if you accept the rain. Once the load is approved and accepted. Most people get their funds the very next day you get to consolidate all of these debts you get to pay off all of these different creditors. All phone calls stop. And now you've got one payment. That's easy to make. And it's manageable and affordable over four hundred thousand people have used up. Start to pay off credit card debts or meet their financial goals. Just getting out of that. Incredible interest rate alone is enough to allow you to go to sleep at night so for yourself from the burden of high interest credit card debt by consolidating everything into one monthly payment with upstart. Cpi upstart is top ranked in their category with a four point nine out of five rating on trust pilot and hurry to upstart dot com slash cold to find out. How low your upstart rate is checking? Your rate only takes a few minutes. That's upstart dot com slash cold. You know there's a photo taken at St Pierre in New London in nineteen sixty. It shows three nuclear subs tied up against the submarine tender. Us Fulton in the middle is s and five seventy one. Uss Nautilus an unfamiliar designed to the eyes of both modern and World War. Two submariners Nautilus look like a cleaned up. Version of the Pacific Wards Fleet submarines on her port side up against the sub tender is SR in five eighty six USS Triton. Which in the photo looks virtually identical to Nautilus although half again larger despite its high cost and impressive. Size Triton was obsolete practically from the moment she was launched the s are in in her designation stood for subsurface reconnaissance nuclear even though she was fitted with six torpedo tubes triton had been designed as a radar picket destined ironically enough to spend most of her time on the surface spreading an early warning radar net out from the continental us but the huge land based radars of the Cold War appeared almost the same time traded and aside from her spectacular success with operation sandblast. She was something of a one off novelty but the third sub in the photo was completely different significantly smaller looking than even Nautilus. Ssn five eighty five. Looks like a bathtub toy next to the triton but that's largely due to the fact that even when surfaced much of the hull of SSN five eighty five lies below the surface shaped like a teardrop with dive planes mounted on her sale. And what would become iconic for us subs during the cold? War S and five eighty five USA skipjack was the future and tied up next to Nautilus and Triton. She looked and the reason. Skipjack looked like the future while Nautilus and Triton look like the past was because skipjack was designed to be more efficient under the water than she would be on the surface and that is a game changer for years before skipjack was laid down the US Navy launched yet another one off experimental design US Albacore AG S. Don't ask five sixty nine. A conventionally powered diesel electric boat that had a sleek teardrop shape of all modern submarines. This teardrop shape actually creates a lot of drag when running on the surface but underwater there as slick as the species of tuna that both albacore and skipjack were named after Pronuncia Sfu Turey was albacore official motto forerunner of the future and that she was that future would combine the teardrop hull of Albacore with a nuclear power plant of Nautilus to produce the skipjack as an five eighty five a sleek and deadly steel. Shark the first true hunter killer submarine in the World Commission the same time I was April of Nineteen fifty-nine USA's skipjack was so far ahead of her time that she remained inactive duty until April Nineteenth. Nineteen Ninety an unbelievable eleven thousand three hundred and twenty seven days. That's thirty one years in service. Us Nautilus commissioned in Nineteen Fifty. Four was finally retired in nineteen eighty but unlike skipjack which was scrapped as well as Triton which was mostly scrapped. Her you GE- sale often mistakenly called the conning tower having been saved and put to work guarding the entrance to the Triton Museum Nautilus on the other hand was simply too historic to turn into millions of razor blades. The world's first nuclear powered submarine is permanently docked at the Submarine Force Museum and Library in Groton Connecticut where SSN five seventy one is lovingly maintained and looking like she just rolled off the yards. Ready to begin her extraordinary career the pristine condition of US Nautilus even to this day is perhaps the clearest single piece of evidence of who would go on to win the Cold War especially when compared to her Soviet counterpart once Nautilus had been unveiled to the world and the potential of the nuclear submarine foreshadowed by her transit of the North Pole under the Arctic ice in Operation Sunshine. The Soviets began a crash program in order to catch up. The first Soviet. Nuclear submarine was named k-3 sometimes nicknamed Kit Meaning Wail Commission four years. After the Nautilus she also reached the North Pole submerged on June seventeenth nineteen sixty two also about four years after her American counterpart Unlike Nautilus however k three was immediately retired to the lecture circuit the boats sitting mostly idle dockside while the crew took part in five full years of congresses and conferences but in nineteen sixty seven mechanical failures aboard a different Soviet sub forced K-3.
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"A mere six weeks after the Cuban debacle Kennedy and Khrushchev met face to face for the first time in Vienna the Soviet premier had gone into the summit with a low of the new American President and after his initial discussion. With Kennedy. That opinion dropped to borderline contempt. Khrushchev restated his demand that Western military forces would have to depart Berlin by midnight on December thirty first. It was the same demand he'd made earlier with Eisenhower which had quietly abandoned during the camp. David many thaw it was to be the Berlin airlift scenario all over again. Only this time Khrushchev. Made Clear his intent to enforce the eviction. By whatever means necessary. Kennedy seemed to equivocate? He certainly did not issue a counter ultimatum. Declaring that the United States and its NATO allies would be willing to go to war over the matter. Kennedy countered with a protest over Soviet meddling in Laos in far off Southeast Asia where the KGB and CIA were wrestling in what Kennedy feared might turn into another proxy war. On the far side of the Globe and Khrushchev repeatedly flogged the young president over the back toback humiliations of the youtube violation and the American backed invasion at play here on. He beat the Hell Outta me. Kennedy told New York Times reporter Scotty Reston shortly after the Venice. Summit Kennedy openly admitted that his own performance at Vienna had been quote the worst thing in my life he savaged me unquote. Vienna had been so one sided that even the merciless Khrushchev seem to feel sorry for him. Remarking on Kennedy's obvious. Disappointment and sadness at the conclusion of the Summit Khrushchev later remarked. That Kennedy Quote Look Not only anxious but deeply upset. Hadn't meant to upset Him. I would have liked very much. I apart in different mood but there was nothing I could do help him. Politics is a merciless business. Uncork then the Soviet leader immediately set to work showing his opponent. Just how merciless politics could be. Khrushchev's Russian gambit was simple if the NATO allies did not agree to depart West Berlin by year's end than the Soviet Union would sign a unilateral peace treaty with East Germany in direct violation of the Potsdam Agreement signed by the United States France Great Britain and the Soviet Union stating unequivocally that any settlement on the status of Germany would require the unanimous consent of all four parties and while this seemed to signal the Soviet release of East Germany in its launch an independent nation. It was in fact. A fig-leaf is flimsy. As the American assertion that had no hand in the aborted Cuban invasion the communist East German government headed by Walter. Rubric would of course remain subservient to his masters. In the Kremlin the entire ploy was just another of the endless pirouette of public relations and legal hair-splitting that the find the entire Cold War from start to finish by signing an independent peace treaty. With East Germany. The Russians would then be able to claim that the decision to isolate Berlin was made by the East Germans themselves with their elder brother in world socialism. Standing Ready to back them. If the capitalist decided to put up a fight and that put Kennedy into the same corner that Harry Truman had faced in nineteen forty eight namely with the West. Go to war in order to preserve the independence of West Berlin half a city deep inside enemy territory having watched the new American leader vacillate and then back down when it came to supplying US air power for the Bay of Pigs Invasion Khrushchev was confident that the Soviet Union was no longer facing hard headed. Harry Truman or a steely eyed. Dwight D Eisenhower. Now was the time to plug the hole in the dam. The threatened to derail the entire communist empire that leak. That loophole really was West Berlin between the end of the war in May of nineteen forty-five and the Vienna summit in nineteen sixty one. The Communist Eastern European nations of the Warsaw Pact were bleeding citizens at a staggering rate. In the early days of the Cold War people could travel between East and West Berlin with relative ease. And so an ocean of polls Czechoslovakians Bulgarians Hungarians Romanians and others caught on the Communist side of the Iron Curtain managed to arrange travel to the fellow socialist nation known officially as the German Democratic Republic commonly referred to as East Germany and once in the Gdr there was a relatively simple matter to enter East Berlin and then magically step across an invisible line in order to apply for political asylum in the Free Federal Republic of Germany or West Germany whose capital was safely back in Bonn but whose ownership of the western half of the former capital was a source of constant concern. One hundred ninety seven thousand eastern Europeans defected in nineteen fifty one hundred sixty five thousand requested asylum in one thousand nine hundred fifty one one hundred eighty two thousand nine hundred and fifty two and three hundred thirty one thousand in nineteen fifty three by the end of the Vienna summit in June of nineteen sixty one four and a half million East Germans. That's twenty percent of the country had escaped through this Berlin loophole and that had stopped well before the Vienna Summit East Germany's first secretary. Ulbricht had been stockpiling materials needed to enclose the hundred mile circumference of West Berlin which would surround the entire Western enclave and not just the thirty mile actual border between the two halves of the ancient German capital now. This barrier started out as cleared area covered in coils of barbed wire. But this was something that had determined refugee could simply jump over as an East German border guard named Conrad Shuman famously. Did on film on August fifteenth as the actual what was being constructed this image of a prison guard escaping from his own prison became one of the iconic photos of the Cold War and he had very nearly missed his chance just two days earlier August thirteenth nineteen sixty one. The East German government had officially closed the border between East and West Berlin East. German soldiers had immediately torn up roads and strewn bales of barbed wire identical to the one. That Conrad Shuman Leftover August thirteenth would be remembered annually as barbed wire Sunday. Construction of what the East Germans would call the Anti Fascist Protection. Rampart was completed in record time. Averaging ten feet in height and four feet thick the eastern side of the actual wall was bordered by what soon became called the death strip. A cleared area made up of rake sand or gravel easily revealing footprints and more importantly offering a clean field of fire for the guards. Manning the one hundred eighty six observation towers ringing West Berlin. In fact they had in secret intentionally. Weakened small sections of the barrier at key locations should east German or Russian tanks need to break into the West Berlin enclave from its construction in nineteen sixty one until its ultimate demolition. At the hands of Berliners on both sides in November of nineteen eighty nine over one hundred thousand people made attempts to abandon the socialist paradise of East Berlin and five thousand of them succeeded. Most of those that failed faced arrest and long prison sentences. But at least two hundred were killed by guards. Minds and machineguns.
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"Khrushchev was hardly a well educated man at least not in the traditional sense. This son of Russian peasants spent his boyhood herding sheep apprenticed. As a skilled metal fitter Internet ask heart of Czar Nicholas the second burgeoning industrial base. It would be called upon to enter the surreal hell of Russian coal. Mine the sending into the city darkness to repair broken down machinery late in life. He recalled that he had seriously considered emigrating to the United States. In search of better conditions and higher wages he had completed a total of four years of elementary education on April seventeenth. Nineteen twelve workers at the Lena. Gold Mining Partnership in northeast Siberia went on strike to protest subhuman working conditions. Czarist troops arrested the leaders of the Strike Committee which fan the flames and resulted in a march. By the entire workforce soldiers of the imperial Russian army then fired into the crowd killing two hundred seventy and wounding. At least that many more this became yet another of the brutal atrocities that turned the Russian people against the Romanov Dynasty and spread revolutionary sentiment across that vast nation that outrage soon reached the factory and desk where young Khrushchev became so incensed that he started a collection for the survivors. This cost him his job at the factory but it also gave him credibility when the Bolsheviks came to power five years later what Khrushchev lacked in formal education. He more than made up for in the four qualities absolutely essential if he were to rise to the very top level of Soviet politics I. He was utterly ruthless imposing his iron discipline at Stalingrad and then throughout the entire Soviet Union an icy hardness forged in the coal mines of Danisco second. He had a very finely tuned antenna time and time again reverting to his role as court gesture and palace fool when he sent. Stalin suspicious is upon the back of his neck third. He had innate sense of timing instinctively knowing when it was time to throw off the fools costume and swiftly and mercilessly and forth he had the physical and moral courage to act when the moment arrived neither a day too early or an hour. Too late he was there for the polar opposite of the American President. In every way Khrushchev was short fat. Ugly where Kennedy was tall. Handsome and Chris Matic Khrushchev had started life as a barely literate. Nobody a son of peasants. Who had the calloused hands of a metalworker? The only calluses on the hands of John Fitzgerald Kennedy son of a wealthy politician and destined for fame and influence had come from rowing regattas at Harvard. University Khrushchev clawed his way to power while Kennedy had it delivered to him on a silver plate which gave Kennedy that unmistakable Arab aristocracy at ease at declaring his wishes and fully expected that they would be carried out Khrushchev brought to the table. The potent blend of utter contempt for Kennedy Soft and comfortable privileged couple with a massive inferiority complex that almost two perfectly reflected that of his Soviet Union when confronted with the wealth and power of the United States utterly charmed by Eisenhower at Camp David in one thousand nine hundred ninety nine and then burning with anger and resentment after the U2 scandal Khrushchev's saw his chance to move while this new American president was floundering with his own scandal. Down in Cuba embarrassed an off-balance now is the time to move in regard to pulling the West Berlin Thorn from his side and he would do it in the way he'd done everything else. In his long climb to power it would find where his opponent was most sensitive grabbing there and begin.
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"Invasion d plus one significant Cuban ground forces had made contact with both blue and red beach. It's the Brigadistas already. Low on supplies and ammunition due to the loss of the Houston and the Rio Escondido desperately through their light. 'em FORTY-ONE TANKS AGAINST SOVIET BUILT WORLD WAR TWO ERA t thirty four's which had been the best tank of the war and more than a match for the newer but lighter American Walker bulldog techniques at two PM that afternoon President Kennedy received a telegram from Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev plainly stating that the Kremlin would not tolerate the US invasion of Cuba and hinting darkly that a full scale. Soviet thermonuclear attack against the American heartland would be a likely consequence of any refusal to heed such warning by that point. April eighteenth deep plus one. It was clear that the invasion had already failed can feel catastrophic by e plus two desperate brigade forces were giving way to ever more powerful Cuban army counter attacks and by the end of that day the Brigadistas were fighting on the beaches with their backs to the sea late that afternoon. The American destroyers US eaten and USS Murray sailed into the Bay of Pigs and took off the survivors from red and blue beaches. The battered and exhausted. Force play a larger and larger but equally desperate command at play here on a to his credit. Kennedy also ordered the Destroyers Conway and coney plus the submarine thread Finn and a P. B. Y. Five Catalina flying boat to fly right up against the Cuban coastline for an additional two days looking for stragglers finding and rescuing almost thirty of them. Thou JFK must've remember the loss of his own pt one. Oh nine cut in half by a Japanese destroyer during the war. Kennedy knew it was like it'd be stranded on an enemy held island in hostile waters. The finale to the Bay of Pigs was tragic. And Ramshackle is the entire operation sixty-seven Cuban exiles from twenty five or six have been killed in action ten more were executed by firing squad after their surrender and another ten died while trying to escape by sea on board the tiny boats Celia nine more Cuban. Pow's died horribly in the back of a sealed. Truck slowly rumbling. Back to Havana in the murderers Cuban heat for died by accident and two died in prison. An additional ten. Cuban exile aircrews died when shut down by the unopposed. Cuban Air Force as did four volunteer American aviators officially Cuban losses totaled one. Hundred seventy six killed in action but this number referred to the Cuban army only taking the militia and civilians into account the best guess is around two thousand Cubans at been killed or wounded during the entire operation. It would be just a few days short of a full year. Before the most seriously wounded or six survivors of brigade twenty five six were released from Cuban. Jails with sixty of the most desperate cases finally being set free on April fourteenth nineteen sixty two all of the one thousand one hundred seventy nine men had been put on trial and convicted of treason. And all were sentenced to thirty years in prison at the end of December nineteen sixty two full twenty months after going ashore. Apply heroin and play a larger to beaches on the southern coast of Cuba located in the Bay of Pigs. The CIA rescued the remaining members of brigade. Twenty five Oh six by brokering a deal with Fidel Castro to exchange them for fifty three million dollars in food and medical supplies years later in one thousand nine hundred. Seventy Five Fidel's brother Raul Castro had this to say about the fiasco quote Kennedy vacillated. If at that moment he had decided to invade us he could have suffocated the island in the Sea of blood but he could have destroyed the revolution luckily for US vacillated vacillation that blink would be studied very carefully half a world away in Moscow. Many leaders throughout history have been reluctant to greet the men wounded or taken prisoner as a result of their decisions. But John Fitzgerald Kennedy was a better man than that on December twenty ninth. He and first lady. Jackie Kennedy flew to Miami to greet the returning survivors from beginning. Twenty five Oh six and events so emotionally compelling to the hundreds of thousands of newly xl Cubans that it had to be held in the Orange Bowl there. He praised their courage and the resiliency and honored those men who died in the Bay of Pigs. Kennedy's surveyed. The enormous crowd gathered before him then turned the men the he abandoned welcome home. He said the Cold War what we saw is written and presented by Bill Whittle produced by Robert Stirling directed by Jonathan. Hey executive producer. Is Jeremy Boring? Our supervising producer is mathis glover and our associate producer is Katie Swinnerton postproduction producer. Alex in Garo Story Producer Jared Social edited by Matthew Sheller audio recorded by Mike Core Amina original music and mixed by Kyle Paren- designed by Cynthia Angola the Cold War. What we saw is an Esoteric Radio Theater Production Copyright Satiric Radio Theatre Twenty twenty..
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"Night before the speech Eisenhower had fallen deathly ill. He was so physically sick that as soon as he finished his speech he stumbled and had the lie down his delivery had been sweaty and uneven. He came across too many Americans. As confused or uncommitted or even worse scared now the Soviets were delighted given the disparity in nuclear arsenals call for unilateral disarmament. Sounded very appealing at. I in fact they printed the entire transcript of the speech in Pravda but then as suddenly as had developed the moment had passed Khrushchev and others angrily pointed out that the disarmament would mean inspections and that the entire ploy was an attempt by the United States to pinpoint the location of Soviet military assets in the US. None of his cabinet came out strongly in favor of this astonishing proposal whether or not to nations was such opposing ideologies could have in fact reached a long term. Peace agreements seems problematic but the had been there and it had been real but now it had gone but the speech did clarify aches thinking about war in the thermonuclear age. He'd meant what he said about. Every missile purchase was done so at the cost of a hospital he just watched Harry. Truman conduct the largest demilitarization in human history and had no desire to pay for new conventional weapons to replace the ones just been scrapped through a combination of his time. As the allied commander in World War Two through the years at NATO and now as President Eisenhower had already settled on what he thought the best course of action would be the cost to develop the bomb had been exorbitant but that investment had already been made bike realized that the only way for America to have its cake and eat it too was to continue to scale back large and expensive conventional forces. No it would be the relatively inexpensive a-bomb and now the H. Bomb that would protect the America of the future determined to avoid the cost of conventional rearmament. Eisenhower head infect crippled his own options. There would be no more police. Actions are limited wars far as he was concerned. The consummate poker player had made it clear. Should America have to fight another war? She was going to go all in the entire nuclear arsenal. All of it or nothing at all the. Us In poker terms was now pot committed for three months after the death of Stalin. A liberal crusader embarked on a mission to defanged terror and return. The Soviet Union to the Community of nations executions. Were halted many prisoners were released. Stalin's final purge that of the Jews simply failed to materialize. This humanitarian had kept molotovs. Beloved Wife Alive during her imprisonment. This in itself was a feed of some measure and he was practically beaming as he called Molotov to his Kremlin office and presented him with a haggard terribly aged but still living Paulina. He made statements that shook the very foundations of the Soviet system. He called for the reestablishment of private property. To the end of collective farms reforms of the corrupt and inefficient bureaucracies. He was so heavy with power and freedom that he even advocated the reunification of Germany under whatever system of government chose it was widely known that this brilliant liberal reformer was not only the smartest of the Post Stalin set Molotov gauged his attitudes and ideas and called him the man of the future he was the only. Soviet leader with the organizational skills drive ambition and phenomenal memory needed to have a major US Corporation. But the most amazing thing about this post-stalin champion of domestic human rights. International Cooperation was the fact that the person in question was Lavar. Entry Barrier. Stalin had long known a critically important secret about barrier the man who murdered millions who cruise the streets of Moscow late at night looking for pretty girls to be taken back to his private compound and raped the man who had delivered Joseph Stalin his own atomic bomb five or even ten years before Western analysts thought. Such thing was possible. This man. This monster among mass murderers knew that he was more than just Stalin's policemen watching him coordinating security behind the scenes during the Big Three summits during World War. Two Stalin had truly defined that the one thing barrier wanted above all else was for himself to be considered a statesman. Barriers world wind proposed reforms the loosening of the terror that he had for so long orchestrated. It's not a sudden conversion on his part no near death experience causing them to rethink the eagles he'd wrought upon so many for so long barrier. Did all of these things not of mercy or compassion because love entry barrier like his fellow Georgian master. Joseph Stalin was incapable of such emotions Baria Giddy with power and filled with the sheer exuberance of having survived decades with Stalin. Proposed all of these reforms and more because he was determined to step into the sunlight of world opinion and personally dispel what was left of the thunder storm that he and the world had lived through and which he himself had done so much to create he had been content to let spineless. Malekov sit on the throne for a while and the short fat. Bald Clown Stalin's pet Nikita Khrushchev. Would get what was coming to him. Once the dusted settle and so this most hated man of them all this other. Genius of plotting manufacturing evidence in Sassa nation made the one mistake that would for one. Last time still proved fatal. On June twenty fifth nineteen fifty-three Barium was relaxing dodger. Swaying in his hammock and humming old Georgian songs. Is he dreamed about his upcoming role as savior of all mankind when he received a call to return to the Kremlin to attend a special meeting of the politburo now renamed the presidium his wife. Nina was concerned. But Barry hadn't the slightest care in the world. He assured that Malakoff Stalin's successor was firmly on his side at around one PM. Beria entered the meeting as he had entered so many times before surveying the familiar. Faces of Malakoff Molotov Bulganin McCoy on and Khrushchev who stood and opened the meeting with entry. Barrier said Khrushchev was a traitor a foreign agent a sexual Predator and an enemy of the people what's going on Nikita aspirations still in shock. Why are you searching for fleas? In my trousers Khrushchev turned to Malakoff whom he had secretly recruited after barriers flamboyant and shocking statements that would completely undermine the entire Soviet system but Malikov true to form had no stomach for a coup. He did however manage to summon the courage to press a small buzzer recently installed underneath his table in a few moments later former defense minister your gaze. Yaacov conqueror of Berlin and second only to Stalin in the hearts of the Russian people burst into the room in his uniform as marshal of the Soviet Union. His chest emblazoned with metals. Juke off. Who'd been demoted disgraced and humiliated by Stalin? Who WOULD BROOK NO RIVALS ARRESTED? Beria on the spot barrier screamed for his private army of the secret police but Juku off as thorough here is he had been with. The Nazis had seen to it that they'd been disarmed and replaced by Red Army regulars oil to himself. Berea was escorted to a prison cell alternately. Threatening and pleading all too new of ill from jail he flooded his former ally. Malakoff with pleas for his release and then simply for his life. He pointed out that his organizational skills could still be useful to the party as is months in his own dungeon stretched into half a year. He eventually slashed his price in offer door on a collective FARM ANYTHING OTHER THAN EXECUTION. Beria wrote the same groveling letters the same professions of love and loyalty to Malakoff Khrushchev in the Communist Party and abased himself with the same desperate confessions that he himself had read without pity or remorse thousands of times on December twenty second six months after his arrest. Beria was tried by a secret political court and charged with treason and terrorism. He was found guilty and sentenced to immediate execution. He was taken to a holding so stripped to his underwear and manacle to the wall. His screams for mercy became so loud in so intolerable that someone shoved the towel into his mouth half naked chained to a wall. His eyes bulging inteiror Beria watched as a Soviet general walk directly in front of him raised his pistol and shot barrier. Through the forehead Khrushchev. A Clown Khrushchev. The Idiot Khrushchev. The man who had had to smile as Stalin emptied his pipe onto his head to great hilarity among his hated rivals had taken action. Russia was his and terror to died with barrier yes. The Gulag would continue an ever-present low grade. Fear would permeate the Soviet Union until its final day but the terror politics by murder had ended Malakoff and Bill..
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"Everyone was crying. These men who like stolen had sent tens of thousands of people to their deaths under their own signature. Sop like children when Molotov wife Paulina under arrest and soon to be executed in order to pave the way for her husband was released from prison shortly after her. First words were to inquire about Stalin's health when Molotov told her that the only reason she was alive was because Stalin had died. Paulina fainted on the spot. Even many of the freezing starving political prisoners the Zack's who'd been left to die a far slower death found to their utter astonishment that they were crying too. He had always been there. Some kind of towering endless thunderstorm and yet now that he'd gone most of the country including those who had suffered most by his hand suddenly found themselves lost alone frightened and utterly unsure about what was coming next. Hundreds of thousands of Russians converged on Moscow for the state funeral and somehow in the crush of all of that humanity. A spark of panic had spread. And over one hundred. People were trampled to death even from beyond the grave. Stalin had continued. Do what he'd always done and that was kill innocent Russians. The division of power among Stalin's successors went surprisingly smoothly at first likely. All of them Berry included were so relieved that they would likely live out the month that there seemed to be very little infighting at all Beria and Malikov long allies against Khrushchev and the veteran minions like Molotov McQueen and Ghana Vich grab most of the spoils barrier got what he most wanted that being complete control of the organs the various agencies of the secret police that had populated and run the Gulags and execution chambers after successfully delivering the palm to Stalin Beria had been stripped of much of this power assure. Sign that his neck was squarely on the chopping block. Malakoff grossly obese by the standards of the day had slowly risen through the ranks as a skilled administrator and bureaucrat key alone seemed out of place in. Stalin's nest of vipers was quiet self conscious and unassuming. He seemed to be a Pudgy. Out of his league oversized scout but Malakoff had been as ruthless as any of them in. What seems to be a paradox. It was his lack of personal charisma. That earned him his place as Stalin's right hand man and eventually his successor. Stolen had once famously said one man one problem. No Man no problem. Malakoff was not the kind of man who had become a problem. Virtually all of those who were had been put up against the wall and shot long before on March six nineteen fifty three the day after Stalin died malakoff was named Premier of the Soviet Union. And His name also appeared at the top of the list of the newly formed. Presidium of the Central Committee which was nothing more than an expanded and rebranded polit bureau on March. Seventh is name was top of the list of the members of the Secretary. A hat trick which gave him. All three of Stalin's former titles Malekov held the power. That stolen had wielded all of it for exactly one week before his rivals recovered their wits and stripped him of the Secretaria in a move to disperse power. Now question was in. What new direction would the Kremlin move? Or perhaps there'd be no change in direction at all that was certainly worthy initially but after years of an increasingly fossilized stolen new opportunities were afoot. The architect of the Cold War was dead. His embalmed mummy lying beside Lenin's in Red Square. Just outside the Kremlin wall both the Soviet and American cards had been completely reshuffled. Stalin was dead replaced by the enigmatic Malakoff while Truman returned to Missouri as Eisenhower was swept into the White House and as it turned out there wasn't need a window a short one where both of these new leaders might have been able to put the Cold War to bed. Thirty seven years early but that window was closing fast. The Cold War what we saw is written and presented by Bill Whittle produced by Robert Stirling directed by Jonathan. Hey executive producer. Is Jeremy Boring? Our supervising producer is mathis glover and our associate producer is Katie. Swinnerton postproduction producer. Alex Singer story producer. Jared social edited by Matthew Sheller audio recorded by Mike Core Amina original music and mixed by Kyle Paren- designed by Cynthia and Google the Cold War. What we saw is an esoteric. Radio Theater Production Copyright Esoteric Radio Theatre Twenty.
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"Sometimes called the forgotten more sandwiched in between American triumph in World War. Two and the slow torture of Vietnam but it wasn't something easily forgotten by the men who fought there. Shivering through mountain passes by day and waking up terrified to the sounds of gongs and trumpets and screaming troops launching human wave attacks in the dark of night. Korea was to Asia what Germany had become to Europe. Split DOWN The middle suddenly two separate countries one in the eastern camp and one in the Western one with entire family separated by an invisible line and now each at the throat of the other the relative positions of allied and Soviet armies. At the time of Germany's surrender had become a set of ideological trenches running in an iron curtain across Europe likewise the Division of Korea not into East and West Germany but rather into north and south mark the approximate location where the Red Army had encountered. They're ally the American navy having clawed its way island by bloody island across the entire Pacific a process that began at Pearl Harbor and ended with. Us troops facing Russian forces on the Korean Peninsula having declared war on Japan two days after the bombing of Hiroshima and the day before the bombing of Nagasaki Russian forces had swept down from the north to feast on the remains of the Japanese empire bled white for more than a decade in China before finally being shattered by the US Navy and the United States Marine Corps. This contact took place close to thirty eight degrees north latitude and this artificial boundary called the thirty eighth parallel unlike longitude lines of latitude parallel to each other would sear itself into the minds of the men who had gone to fight both below and above it as the post World War. Two cooperation between the former allies continued to unravel a former U. S. L. In name at least went to Moscow to present Joseph Stalin with a proposal. Kim Il Sung had led the Korean communist forces in the fight against the occupying army of Japan but in the years after the war and the division of Cree at the thirty eighth parallel. Kim was determined to reconquer the entire peninsula under his own communist leadership. How this process began with North Korean insurgents. Testing the water south of the thirty eighth parallel agitating sermonizing generally making a nuisance of themselves. Kim interpreted the reactions to this infiltration or more precisely the lack of reaction as a sign of support from South Korean people and so Kim Olson Father. Do Kim Jong Il and grandfather of the current North Korean dictator. Kim Jong Hoon found himself in March of nineteen forty nine sitting across from the emperor of half of the world. Joseph stolen himself. Kim claimed that was Soviet logistical support. His North Korean forces could sweep the entire peninsula clear of the poorly led and poorly equipped South Creek army. Well before the United States could recover from its massive post World War Two demobilization and get enough troops and armor across the Pacific to contest the invasion. What Kim was offering was a chance to not only secure the rear of the Soviet Union with a fully communist Korean Peninsula but also to bleed the Americans and award. That Kim assured Stalin. They could not win. Stalin needed little convincing regarding America's version to another war. Despite the successful show of Western resolve that resulted in the Berlin airlift and the feet of Stalin's Berlin Blockade Stalin had watched as the CHINESE COMMUNIST FORCES UNDER MOUSE. Dung methodically drove. Changcai checks. Us-backed nationalist forces right off the Chinese mainland and onto the island of Formosa now known as Taiwan if the Americans were willing to lose China a staunch week American allies throughout the Pacific War. Then stolid could see no reason why they would fight to protect South Korea with whom they had no solid relationship and which was a far far lesser strategic value so Stalin considered his options various spies and technicians. Just giving him the atomic bomb dramatically altering the balance of power and so- Stalin decided that he would back Kim's gambit on the condition that Mao would also agree to reinforce the invasion. If things went badly a delighted Kim set sail for Beijing where he found the master of the People's Liberation Army by far the largest standing army in the world enthusiastically in favour of throwing the imperialist Americans completely off the Asian mainland. So Kim returned to Pyongyang and prepare to do exactly.
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"So often. The Cold War is presented in terms of military movements and economic contests. But that is to miss the point completely. The Cold War was not a contest between coke and Pepsi two more or less more societies on a level playing field. No matter how many times it's been described that way. Joseph Stalin leader of the Soviet Union personally signed forty thousand death warrants including those for his closest friends and family members. David Eisenhower President of the United States wants through a golf club at an aide. Russian spy chief eventually bury a raped and murdered scores of underage girls. American spy chief Allen Dulles once had a consensual affair with Queen Frederica of Greece. If you cannot see the difference between these people and the societies that produced an elevated them then there is something very seriously wrong with you barrier was repugnant. In every way even to Harden Kremlin leaders. But Beria was no you go to or Yezhov. Beria was a brilliant administrator and organizer and his ability to grind out. Work was nothing less than astonishing. Several people who had worked with him said that if he'd been born in America he would have gone on to become a CEO. Some kind of great captain of industry but Beria hadn't been born in America he'd been born in the Caucasus in Georgia like his boss. Commerce stolen Beria was repugnant. But he was also irreplaceable for example Yuri Carribean in his book the First War of physics had this to say about low of entry barrier quote barrier understood the necessary scope and dynamics of research. This man who was the personification of evil to modern Russian history also possessed the great energy and capacity to work the scientists who met him could not fail to recognize his intelligence his willpower and his purposefulness. They found him a first-class administrator. Who could carry a job through to completion unquote and we've already seen how stolen had missed the game? Changing importance of the American atomic bomb until well after it exploded once it became clear that this new American toy the ability to utterly destroy both his enormous advantage in conventional forces not to mention his home city of Moscow. Stalin came close to panic. The Soviets needed an atomic bomb of their own and badly.
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"So on June. Twenty six thousand nine hundred forty eight supplies began to be airlifted into Berlin. The Soviets were not prepared to start a shooting war by shooting down. Unarmed cargo aircraft flying within the specified quarters that the Soviets had agreed to in writing. Of course stolid didn't foresee any need to shoot down. These cargo transports during the first week of the airlift Western aircraft. Delivered a mere ninety of the five thousand tons per day needed to keep Berlin Fed and heated east. German newspapers mocked the entire. Effort says quote the futile attempts of the Americans to save face and maintain their untenable position in Berlin Unquote. Utterly convinced that the airlift would fail. Stalin finalized plans for Soviet forces to occupy both east and West Berlin but by week to that ninety tonnes per day had grown to over a thousand tons per day. That was better but it was not enough. Not Nearly enough in the early days of the Berlin airlift. Transports would come and go using visual flight. Rules essentially a first come first served method of getting an enormous amount of airplanes into just a few airports on August Thirteenth Air Force Major General William H Turner set out for West Berlin. On a morale-boosting tour. He had planned to present an award to attendant. Paul Lichens an airlift pilot. Who had made the most flights into and out of Berlin but clouds descended all the way to the top of the buildings and heavy rain. Virtually blinded the still primitive ground-based radar as Turner's aircraft continued to circle overhead. A brand new four engined C fifty. Four skymaster crashed on approach. A second transport immediately behind it climbed above the fireball. Then landed so hard that it burst all of the tires on. Its landing here yet. A third transport ground looped out of control while attempting to land on a runway that had been closed for repairs three crashes in about as many minutes. 'cause the airport to close and embarrassed general tunnel. Commander of the Berlin airlift was still circling overhead. And he had to order every aircraft except his own out of the holding pattern and return to base. Without having delivered their cargo August thirteenth became known as Black Friday but Black Friday. Didn't mark the end of the Berlin airlift. The lessons learned on that day. Were so well integrated that the real airlift could be said to have started on black Friday after black. Friday Turner took immediate action to increase the efficiency of the Berlin airlift. He shortened the time and distance on the ladder as the stack of incoming airplanes was known more precise instrument flight. Rules were to be enforced at all times. Incoming flights were now stacked Amir five hundred feet above each other and separated by three minutes. Each by the time the airlifted it's full stride. One transport would be landing over the heads of the wildly cheering west Berliners every thirty seconds and two hundred was just warming up he expedited the replacement of the C- forty-sevens twin engined military version of the ubiquitous DC three with the newer four engined C. Fifty four's the fifty four could carry ten tons of cargo. Forty seven three and a half tons and even better. The relatively new tricycle landing gear meant that the fifty four set flat on the runway and were far easier to load and unload the older see forty seven which had a sloping cargo deck to unload since the C forty seven rested on its tail while it was on the ground now getting the planes into Berlin was one problem. Getting them. Back out again was another time to realize the crews were heading into the terminal for refreshments as their aircraft were being unloaded this back and forth caused additional delays. So Turner gave strict orders. That all aircrews had to remain airplanes at all times now to make up for this. Gps were loaded with candy cookies sandwiches and other supplies and then driven out to the hungry aircrews waiting their aircraft and what looked to be the biggest bottleneck lack of manpower unload the airplanes as quickly as possible was solved. By the West berliners themselves. German civilians handled the heavy lifting and as time went on the unloading time for ten tonnes of cargo drop from about a half an hour to the record-setting time of five minutes and forty five seconds. Two months into the airlift. One thousand five hundred flights landed in Berlin per day bringing in four thousand five hundred tonnes every twenty four hours by January. That number would reach the target of five thousand tonnes per day. This did not make Joseph Stalin. And as the airlift continued so did. Soviet harassment Russian fighters would moreover the cargo planes twenty feet above the cockpit. Russian parachute drops. Were staged inside the tightly. Congested air corridors high intensity searchlights. Were used to try to blind Western pilots flying in by night but none of it worked the Soviets even offered free rations to anyone willing to migrate from West to East Berlin. Strangely there were very few Germans willing to accept that gracious offer. The onset of a frozen icy winter made flying especially landing much more difficult but the amount of cargo delivered did not decrease as a matter of fact it grew to six thousand tons per day. Stolen slowly began to realize that he had made a very serious miscalculation when he began the blockade stolen had assumed that the West's reaction would consist of a very strenuously worded letter as they had with all of his previous transgressions and that would be about Joseph. Stalin was not particularly sensitive to world opinion. He knew the blockade would cause universal outrage but he was more than prepared to ride out that public relations storm until West Berlin fell to starvation. But by April fifteenth of Nineteen forty-nine. The airlift had finally shifted into twenty four hours a day overdrive by April twenty. First more supplies were being flown in by air than had been delivered by rail and Roadway before the blockaded begun this Western show of resolve after three years of backpedaling. Utterly baffled the Soviets when American transport started bringing in an average of ninety tons of the five thousand tonnes needed each day. Stalin had decided not to contest the airlift because it seemed utterly impossible that it could succeed and he was right when it began it had been utterly impossible but the West had tried it anyway and in the process. They learned the scores of small steps necessary to make the impossible possible. Truman had called Stalin's bluff. Neither side was willing to start a full-fledged shooting were and the show of American and Western resolve finally forced Stalin to face the cold hard facts. The Berlin blockade had failed after waiting for nearly a year for the Berliners to cave in and hand America catastrophic humiliation and major strategic defeat precisely. The opposite had occurred every day. The amount of supplies had increased by the end of April nineteen forty-nine unbelievable nine thousand tonnes was being flown into Berlin every single day every single day western Logistical know-how was making a mockery of Joseph Stalin and his Soviet Union and every single day. It seemed the insult grew larger and larger stolen had bet correctly as it turned out that the Westwood not start an all out war over the closure of the Land Corridor Berlin but now Harry Truman. The Western allies the United States air force and the citizens of West Berlin had turned his gambit completely on its head now. The question was with the Soviets. Be Willing to start an all out war in order to stop the Berlin airlift. Well as it turned out. The answer was no Stalin realized that it was time for the Soviets to throw in the towel at midnight on May Twelfth Nineteen forty nine east. German border guards reopened the land route into Berlin. Enormous crowds had gathered at the airport toll. Wait the arrival of the first supply. Train American General Lucius Clay Commander of the American sector was cheered by Ecstatic Berliners saluted by eleven thousand. Us troops and ended up with his own tickertape parade. In New York City. Supplies continued to be brought in by air for a few months more until Berlin had built up a comfortable surplus. The official end of the Berlin airlift occurred on September thirtieth nineteen forty nine over the course of three hundred twenty one days. Two hundred and seventy two thousand flights had landed in Berlin total mileage for the Berlin. Airlift was an astonishing ninety. Two million miles. That's virtually the distance to the sun. The United States Air Force had delivered one million seven hundred eighty three thousand five hundred seventy three tons of supplies. The British Royal Air Force delivered an additional five hundred forty one thousand nine hundred and thirty seven tons the Australians delivered nearly seven thousand tonnes well one hundred one people including forty. Britain's and thirty one Americans had died making the Berlin airlift possible the majority of them in non flying accidents causing almost five hundred million dollars at the time which is about five and a quarter billion dollars in today's money. The Berlin airlift marked the first Western victory in the Cold War and the West won this battle of wills the same way. It would go on to eventually win the war technological know-how multinational cooperation outside the box thinking and a lot of plane. Hard Work Harry. Truman had steered Joseph Stalin Dead in the eye and Stalin had blinked the Cold War. What we saw is written and presented by Bill Whittle produced by Robert Stirling directed by Jonathan. Hey executive producer is Jeremy Boring. Our supervising producer is mathis glover and our associate producer is Katie. Swinnerton postproduction producer. Alex Single Story Producer. Jared social edited by Matthew Shaller audio recorded by Mike Corinna original music and mixed by Kyle parent designed by Cynthia and Google the Cold War. What we saw is an esoteric. Radio Theater Production Copyright Esoteric Radio Theatre Twenty twenty..
"cold war" Discussed on The Cold War: What We Saw
"Been buried. His name will come up again soon. The executions themselves have been secret of course perhaps a million individual revolver shots in hundreds of basement torture chambers all across the Soviet Union. What was not secret where the faces in family albums faces that literally had to be erased with the end of a pencil so that the taint of such enemies of the people would not pass on to their mothers and Fathers Sisters and brothers and sons and daughters. The act of execution was done in the dark but the effect of one million people disappearing into the night was not something that could be kept secret nor was it intended to be because while many Westerners continued to doubt the stories of murder and torture Lennon had called such influential Western intellectuals useful idiots. The message was understood with crystal clarity among the people who had waited breathlessly through the night for the sound of the Black. Maria is downstairs for the sound of the creaking tortuously. So elevator to pass their floor so that they could grab a few hours of sleep before it would begin again at the next sunset. Those people Soviet citizens knew perfectly. Well that the gun barrels of the state executioners had been trained on them the survivors all along. They knew what had happened to their loved ones and they knew what would happen to them. Should they harbor the slightest anti-party inclinations and that was all that really mattered adoring left-wing Western intellectuals with nominate one of the greatest mass murderers history Joseph Stalin for the Nobel Peace Prize in nineteen forty five and again in nineteen forty eight the year. Stalin set off the Cold War by closing road access to Berlin and so through all of it. The leaders of the United States could simply never come to grips with what Stalin and his Soviet state really was. It was just beyond their imagination. With one notable exception the boy who was born in Milwaukee grew up in Germany studied at Princeton and was present at the first American embassy in the Soviet Union. That exception was the deputy chief of the American Embassy in Moscow George Kennan and he knew exactly who stolen was and what his Soviet Union represented and George Kennan alone or so. It seems was screaming louder and louder to a State Department. That had not the slightest interest in what he had to say. If the State Department was determined to ignore George Kennan advice. The Treasury Department was not in April of nineteen forty six one year after the end of the last war in two years before the start of the next one treasury sent to more or less routine request to the deputy head of the American mission in Moscow. Treasury officials were deeply puzzled by the Soviet Union's reluctance to endorse the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. Both of which had been outlined and agreed to by all parties in the months immediately before and immediately after the surrender of Nazi Germany with postwar cooperation. Supposedly in full swing. Could anyone at the embassy offer any insight as to why Stalin's seemed to be dragging his heels on if not completely abandoning projects? He cheerfully agreed to only months before. George Cannon's response to the question of what was going on in. Russia became known as the long telegram and it should have been taught in every American high school from its transmission. On February twenty-second Nineteen forty-six. The long telegram was so comprehensive in scope so astonishingly accurate in terms of prediction. That it is hard to believe it was written at the beginning of the Cold War as a warning rather than at the end of it as a textbook. Cannon wrote the history before it even happened George Kennan alone put into words every single motivation. That would drive the Soviet side of the Cold War for four decades and much more incredibly. He would describe with amazing precision how the Soviets would go about achieving their goals and what tools they would use to do. So you know the desire to simply read all five thousand. Five hundred words in the long telegram is almost overpowering. Its debt profoundly important but it will let you hear some of it. Heavily edited for Brevity by yours truly because unlike many of the deaf ears that the long telegram fell upon nineteen forty-six the sound of cannons voice. In your own ears will bring clarity so many things that have all ready happened. Incoming telegram Moscow via war. Office dated February twenty-second Nineteen forty-six received three fifty two. Pm Secret Secretary of State Washington. Five eleven February twenty-second nine. Pm Answer to departments to eighty four February thirteen involves question so intricate so delicate so strange to our form of thought and so important to analysis of our international environment that I cannot compress answers into a single brief message without yielding to it. I feel would be dangerous degree of over simplification. I apologize in advance for this. Burdening of Telegraphic Channel but questions involved are of such urgent importance particularly in view of recent events. That are answers to them if they deserve attention at all seemed to me to deserve it at once part one basic features of postwar. Soviet outlook as put forward by official Propaganda Machine A. Us has are still lives in antagonistic capitalist encirclement with which in the long run there can be no permanent peaceful coexistence as stated by Stalin in nineteen twenty seven to a delegation of American workers in course of further development of international revolution. There will emerge to centers of world significance a Socialist Center drawing to itself the countries which tend toward socialism and a capitalist center drawing to itself the countries that inclined toward capitalism battle between these two centers for command of world. Economy will decide fate of capitalism and of communism in entire world. So right off the bat can gets to the heart of what would go onto 'cause forty years of cold war while the West was willing to cooperate with trade with and generally tolerate communist states. Communism saw the future as a zero sum game in other words while the West was prepared to negotiate a compromise with the east. The East sought compromise as literally impossible. There could be no cooperation. Between capitalism and communism each one would inhibit the implementation of the other. George Kennan saw what was right in front of everyone's noses. The Soviets were not willing to risk war with the West. The Soviets were already at war with the West and this would continue until only one system remain. This fundamental understanding took nearly thirty years for to really sink into the American mind. It's a testament to this nation's underlying strength and also to communism's underlying weakness that America could hold its own for three decades in a war that the Soviets had always considered a fight to the finish. George Kennan was far from an American jingles. To- ever he'd spent enough time in Russia to understand their legitimate concerns. At bottom of Kremlin's neurotic view of world. Affairs is traditional and instinctive Russian sense of insecurity. Originally this was insecurity of a peaceful agricultural people trying to live on vast exposed plane in neighborhood of fierce nomadic peoples for this reason they have always feared foreign penetration fear direct contact between Western World. And they're on feared what would happen if Russians learn truth about world without or if foreigners learn truth about world within is he unlike virtually every other western observer. Kenan could see the criminal motives that the Soviet state brought to these beliefs. In the name of Marxism. They sacrificed every single ethical value in their methods and tactics. Today they cannot dispense with it. It is figleaf of their moral and intellectual respectability in atmosphere of Oriental secretiveness and conspiracy which pervades this government possibilities for distorting or poisoning sources and current information are infinite the very disrespect of Russians for objective. Truth indeed their disbelief in its existence. Leads them to view. All stated facts as instruments for further ends of one alterior purpose or another here there is ample scope for the type of subtle intrigue at which Russians are past masters George Kennan understood what the Soviet Union was and because he understood them so well he was able to predict with uncanny accuracy. What they're cold. War Strategy would be intensive military industrialization maximum development of armed forces great displays to impress outsiders continued secretiveness about in terminal matters designed to conceal weaknesses and to keep opponents in dark can also headed opinion about the Soviet reaction to the newly minted United Nations that Great Western ideal of Peaceful Coexistence born from the ashes of the most horrific war in human history Moscow sees in the United Nations. Not The mechanism for a permanent and stable world society founded on mutual interest and aim of all nations but an arena in which its strategic games can be favorably pursued but if at any time they come to the conclusion that it is serving to embarrass or frustrate their aims for power expansion. They will not hesitate to abandon the United Nations. Moscow has no abstract devotion.