35 Burst results for "Cold War"

What Is a 'Sole Purpose' Nuclear Policy?

Mark Levin

00:45 sec | Last month

What Is a 'Sole Purpose' Nuclear Policy?

"Although some allies believe Biden will refrain from setting a no first use policy in the review most remain concern he's considering a policy known as sole purpose unquote which would make clear the United States would use nuclear weapons only in narrowly prescribed sets of circumstances such as to deter a direct attack on the U.S. retaliate after a strike This would be a huge gift to China and Russia won European officials said American policy towards the use of nuclear weapons has since the Cold War remained intentionally vague Suggesting the U.S. could use them preemptively and allowing allies in both Europe and Asia a clear sense of protection under the American nuclear umbrella

Biden United States Russia China Europe Asia American Nuclear Umbrella
Communist China Tested a Hypersonic Weapon in August

Mark Levin

01:43 min | Last month

Communist China Tested a Hypersonic Weapon in August

"I believe we have a Sputnik moment here ladies and gentlemen Many of you are too young to know what Sputnik is Or was I should say Well Sputnik changed everything On October 4 1957 the Soviet Union launched successfully The world's first artificial satellite That's what they called it About the size of a beach ball Wait only 83.6 kilometer That's about 83 183 or four pounds Orbited there for about 98 minutes And it ushered in a new political military technological and scientific Cold War Well that's just happened with the communist Chinese and I've said we'd been in a Cold War with them for years We may not have accepted it as a Cold War but they sure as our fighting it It sure as our fighting it They paging entered into hypersonic missile race and according to MSN it shocked not just the United States but the Russians The global hypersonic arms race is heating up worldwide after China tested a top secret weapon that can circle the globe at 21,000 mph And descent from space to strike anywhere on earth in minutes

Soviet Union MSN United States China
Is There Civilian Control of the Chinese Military? Author David Goldman Explains

America First with Sebastian Gorka Podcast

01:32 min | Last month

Is There Civilian Control of the Chinese Military? Author David Goldman Explains

"Welcome back to one on one with David Goldman. David, you mentioned the military, the hubris potentially of the Chinese of the people's ironically titled Liberation Army. Is there, let me ask you, we're supposed to have civilian control of the military and democracies. Is that civilian control of the military in the communist regime that is China is Xi Jinping? Does he have a grip on the military brass? Or could that be a hot headed incident where one of his generals gets a little bit out of control and a Cold War gets hot very quickly? Fujian pink spent his first years in power firing a lot of generals and putting his people in place. None of the analysts I know think that a military coup against Xi Jinping or a breakaway military operation is likely, of course, and that opaque system, we never really know what's going on. But the military has gotten all the things it likes. It's gotten a massive development budget for its missile forces for its air force. They've improved that considerably. They've got dozens of diesel electric submarines, they're building new aircraft carriers. So if you're a Chinese soldier, you'd probably be pretty pleased with the kind of support that the government is giving you a lot more than say if you were in American soldier looking at the kind of support the Biden administration isn't giving to our armed forces. Right,

David Goldman Fujian Pink Liberation Army Xi Jinping David China Biden Administration Government
Bret Baier's 'Rescue the Republic' Digs Deep Into Ulysses S. Grant's Legacy

Mark Levin

01:36 min | Last month

Bret Baier's 'Rescue the Republic' Digs Deep Into Ulysses S. Grant's Legacy

"Ulysses S. Grant You know he was actually a not only a great general but a great president He really was There was a great book out on the topic now to rescue the republic Ulysses S. Grant the fragile union and the crisis of 1876 by Bret baier Brett how are you sir Hey Mark Thanks for having me on Well it's always a pleasure You write very very smart and very compelling books about history and so forth What caused you to write a book about Ulysses S. Grant I think he's one of the least understood presidents And yet one of the greatest presidents am I right I agree I mean and that's what I really found You know and we've talked before about the previous books I did about Eisenhower and Reagan and FDR Churchill installing and moments in history where I thought history they're kind of brushed it over or didn't focus on those moments That was the beginning middle and end of the Cold War And I was looking for another one of those historical kind of overshot something that wasn't that focused on And I looked at grant's presidency You know his 8 year presidency whenever you hear about it it is always about the difficulties and the petty corruption and scandals And there were some And there were people that grant trusted as a non politician who took advantage of them Make money But his most important role was really to win the peace After the Civil War and most importantly the process of reconstruction in the south to make sure it was successful And as you dig in here there are really consequential things that happen

Ulysses S. Grant Bret Baier Brett Sir Hey Mark Thanks Fdr Churchill Eisenhower Reagan Grant
"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

Bro History

05:40 min | 2 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

"And you're like all right. That's a that you're telling me that's the only thing like that's how donald i think that's how they talk. The president's gonna sneaky habits is yeah they they kinda fool them into to do these policies and you know this bill and i'm gonna read one more Couple more quotes from this. We'll wrap this up. 'cause i think these are important points so this is from a historian. Ernest may and he writes this in the book of world. War two in the cold war Once the president studied the document and discovered how carefully a atchison in knits had built their base support however he probably recognize that he was tracked. Hardly had he told reporters that he had hoped to continue to cut defense spending than he began to see arguments directly out of the nc. The nfc sixty eight appearing in the press So what he's essentially saying is that The bureaucracy had already been behind this document so key figures in the administration and within the national security state had also had already supported the nfc sixty eight and truman effectively. If he won against it he would have gone at war with his own administration in the old in the national security state so he was kinda forced to To do to to do that to Go along with it and within a couple of months of him signing it. Guess what happens what. North korea invaded south korea Yeah but gene. And then the koreans ka ching in something something interesting to give some context on now. These hysterical argument about like gaps and technology kennedy ran on that so one of the complaints on eisenhower is that there is a there was a big missile gap so there was a big fear. That oh there's gonna like under the eisenhower administration there. It's there became this big missile gap between the united states and the soviet union and kennedy campaigned on that. He was like i'm going to do. Are you know charlotte we'll wilbur and allegedly or apparently there's this great story about when kennedy no. He's going through his meetings with eisenhower. When there's that transition from presidency Eisenhower is like once you know something. There is no missile gap and danny starts. Like i'm gonna tell you the real deal and eisenhower Tells him the real deal ballet. This is how how we how no navigate the cold war. And eisenhower's like showing mike all the cool shit you can do as president like watch us like helicopter just comes out of nowhere and picks him up at school. Yeah but it is a but there was no missile gap between the us and the soviet union. The united states always had the edge in that tap type of technology They weren't that it makes me wonder about. He makes me wonder about the shit that we hear about now. About how much of a gap. There is i mean there is a missile gap now Kind of.

nfc eisenhower atchison kennedy Ernest donald nc eisenhower administration North korea south korea soviet union wilbur charlotte Eisenhower us danny mike
"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

Bro History

02:38 min | 2 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

"Zaslov familiar. Yeah russian assets. Chinese asset from acid kremlin Mostly gab hillary clinton called I think her direct word She called her a confirmed one asset if it was a russian acid but i think just money the same language being used back in. We think everything is new but you look read a couple books like oh this already happened yet. Retained itself but it does rhyme for sure. Yeah but i don't know you just really see. Look wow there's really great parallels between now and then But all right. Let's let's let's wrap this up and get to kind of the final point of this. So on august twenty ninth nineteen forty nine. The soviet skip the a bomb in response to not just the soviets get the a bomb but also the communist victory in In the chinese civil war all didn't win yet but they are about the win like the writing was on the table that the tang was about to flee to taiwan and Also the us had zone procession at this time The us sought to draft a basic strategy guide for the cold war and the result was the national security council report. Sixty eight Also call the end. Sc dash sixty eight signed by truman. On september thirtieth nineteen fifty supervised by paul nitz and it stated the feet of free institutions. Anywhere is a defeat everywhere. The united states should no longer attempt to distinguish between national and global security. Instead it must stand the political materials center with other free nations in variable orbits around it. It's politics very. That's very like Egotistical It's very self-centered position to have It goes on to public. Opinion was to be conditioned to accept the the large measure of sacrifice in discipline is also laid out of it. Well right now. I'm reading from ralph rico It also laid out the basic public economic policies at the us Pursues to this day one of the most significant lessons of world war two experience. Was that the american economy went. An operation..

Zaslov hillary clinton paul nitz us national security council taiwan truman ralph rico
"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

Bro History

04:49 min | 2 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

"That is the day that the soviet union lost its status as a superpower and it kinda put them on a kind of cascaded into this massive arms race of tensions. What moscow called it. They called it atomic blackmail but Stalin didn't give in so what the soviets did is that. They responded by moving their invasion up by two weeks. What truman did is that he bombed nagasaki. So it's like. I mean come on. If you buy into the claim that dropping the atomic bomb japan ended the war early or saved more lives than they killed after vaporizing here shema. They could've least waited a few weeks before nuking another city right right. They need to do it right. Like sequentially like yeah. They could have let that settle in saying. Hey listen do you see how horrible was we can do it again. And just give it a couple of weeks to settle and like all right. Let's what see how i mean. There is an argument to be made about like. I don't know maybe. They bolster their air. Defenses or something like that to make it harder for us to do it a second time if we waited too long. But i think you're absolutely right. Just the the one would have been enough in remember. I think we talked about this on the show but there were some some Proposals to to just drop one off the coast to tokyo. You know what. I mean like not on the city but like right next to it right in the water and just be like look what we can do. The next one hits tokyo. You know And that might have been enough to scare them into submission but while in the world of revisionist history. There's a theory that this the japanese didn't surrender because a nuclear bombs day or the atomic bombs they surrender because the soviet union joined the war effort and they wanted to surrender to america. Not the soviet union. And that was the major primary reason why they surrendered. Didn't have anything to do with the bombs. I mean i. I think the truth lies..

soviet union nagasaki Stalin truman moscow japan tokyo america
"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

Bro History

04:58 min | 2 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

"Hundreds were all about protecting india from russia. Which is kinda funny. It's now there's seems like there's been a one hundred fifty year long cold war between britain and russia. This never never ended. He had no. I that that does make sense. So so what describing in reading the quote from the book. It sounds like you know. things started going downhill from there and then chairman starts dick swing in a little bit and trying to you know. Put the Put the hammer down so to speak. And i guess the ultimate hammer is is. Yeah nukes and the russians. At this point you're as you're saying are negotiating with in the western allies to on what to do about poland and they also agreed to to help out on the japanese were front so Is is the breakdown Of those negotiations that is that why we end up speeding up the time line on on nuking japan or at least that pulling the trigger at all so. I'm this interesting question. Because i don't think anyone's ever really i don't think there's a historian. It's the arguments between historians on this and why the us decided to do this. And i'm certainly not qualified to give an answer But i do know that during the pasta conference which were like the conferences after the borne europe where they were discussing Further discussing reparations and and eastern europe and one of the other big conversations was the warring japan and what they were going to do afterwards and one of the big goals with fdr And it became. Truman goal As well when he became president because he did continue a lot of the policies of fdr wanted was to get russia to get the soviet union into the war and has been invade manchuria. and You know eventually. The upper half of chicago Other northern ireland You you obviously know. The geography of japan like the northern ireland arguments in. That is well. Because i i don't think the us wanted them to take the full island. Aid is one of the path of it..

dick swing russia britain japan india europe Truman fdr us manchuria soviet union chicago ireland northern ireland
"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

Bro History

05:18 min | 2 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

"Weapon. I think it was just the pressures of not having it I'm not sure if i'm not sure. The exact like the exact history of how they developed it. But i think what what hate made them build itself fast was just the pressures of not having it and wanting it but the i guess the overall attitude was you know. Screw the soviets were the world power We were the country like we have three times. The the gross national product is do Now what were just a way. More powerful country But so one of the major concessions and the conditions that were that they were talking about was Was a polish question yet. I was just gonna ask you about that actually. So what's the deal with poland Kazlauskas there. I read that there were kind of a big point of contention for all this and i imagine that that what happens in poland matters a great deal for the soviet union at the very least. So it's kinda like a parting chip wasn't it. Yeah well you know. Poland doesn't exist before world war one as a nation their land right polish land. There's polish people. They're not pulling the country Historically those parts of the russian empire and the german empire and now both stays in the empire. Yeah both both states saw poland valuable real estate to protect themselves from from invasion just land. That was needed. So they're kind of setup. Poland as state is created is kind of just like a british popica- government after after world war one and they're really put in a terrible position like they really are as put in between the two most vicious states in european history and if you look at poll and as a map like there's not really any mountains to protect it. Just plain zine. Just walk right in there so really had no chance to survive world war two like of course they were going to be eaten up alive by by both of these states but The agreement in yalta was that they're supposed to be this unity government in poland however the soviet union avenue for the communist government the power. And you know they were gonna sign that the soviet polish treaty and I have this for. I'm going to pull up. Mike sponsors book again harry. Truman advisors saw this as a dangerous sign. Averill harriman. america's ambassador to soviet union russia white house to tell truman that in his view. Stalin wanted to keep cooperating with the united states britain while the same time creating his own sphere of domination in eastern europe. He advised true to stand tough against the russians..

poland Kazlauskas soviet union yalta Truman advisors Averill harriman harry Mike united states truman Stalin white house russia britain europe
"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

Bro History

03:11 min | 2 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

"The soviet union had a fight another war against all of western europe and the united states. I mean based on what you're saying type feel like he would lost that they wouldn't have had wouldn't have been in a spot to risk more lives in the war in for money in probably also would have given his like domestic opponents and opening to work with you know Foreign powers to overthrow stalin himself from the inside out probably wouldn't have been a good deal for him. Well just would have been another decade of war of just bloody terrible war right I think there was some type of desire for for peace and something. That's interesting is that We talked about the common tern. And how the common tern trained a lot of the young chinese communist like not just chinese communist but the chinese they trained political parties all over the world. Not even just communist like they would just train people kind of throw shit in the wall and hope they'd end up being communist like ching-chi check from china and mao were both trained by tom and turn in. Jane kai shek is in. Probably the most anti-communist person of all time as far as like who kill the most comedies. Ever is probably Changcai shack well. He dissolves the comintern com communist international. He dissolves that in nineteen forty three so he disbands the mission to spread communism worldwide. His geopolitical goal was to surround the soviet union with buffer states. The ultimate protect russia from another invasion from the west. That's what he did once. The tide of the in the eastern front started. The change and the soviets took the offensive he occupied and installed puppet satellite governments and all the countries between moscow. Berlin creating the secret police systems like the stasi in these nations to make sure that they remained Subservient to him as we all know. Germany splits between the soviets from from east The soviet side the eastern soviets the west the liberal democracy berlin becomes international city divided up into zones controlled by the us england france and soviet union buddy fastening very fascinating Like development of of not just a political and military stuff but also just culture and that the the city was very densely populated. And you know between east and west. Broadly the differences in the lifestyle was crazy. You can even go to some museums of like hold like east german You know countries east germany berlin and to see the the epic difference. I think there is like an old satellite photo That came out not too long..

soviet union Jane kai shek western europe stalin mao united states tom china russia moscow Berlin Germany berlin france england
"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

Bro History

05:02 min | 2 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

"Dot tv. All right let's get back to the show so All right let's pull this back. There's a book called lost alliance by a store by historian name of frank Kostic castiglia la data argues that the reason why the cold war happened was because the big three alliance between fdr stalin and churchill was split up so fdr dies in office and churchill loses his election to the labor party in nineteen forty-five. Obviously there's a lot more to it in his book but you know he kinda bright more about how the personalities between three were kind of keeping things together and then when those personalities Were disrupted or you know when these guys aren't dealing with each other anymore everything with the shit and that's how the cold war happened. He writes it obviously with a lot more nuance. And i'm just kinda paraphrasing him. But what i agree with. And i think what everyone's kind of forced to agree with is that fdr and stalin were partners during the war. And i don't think either one of them planned on a forty year cold war. That's that's crazy actually. I got to pick up that book. Because i had no idea that. Fdr was buddies with stalin That's kinda hard to believe. But i guess i mean something tells me though that stalin must have had like some kind of alterior motives you know without those time crystals to figure it out. Well i mean. I wouldn't say they're buddies just saying that. They were collaborators. Air working together as their partners in the biggest foreign human history so there is just some level of cooperation and apparently now they're to the most powerful people on the planet so that when they were able to work with each other to fight to fight in world war two as far as soon as soon as i don't know how har- how far but i can tell you that he was accused of being too too soft on stalin like forward when people criticize him. You'd be like hey man..

frank Kostic castiglia la fdr stalin churchill fdr stalin labor party Fdr
"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

Bro History

04:39 min | 2 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Bro History

"What's going on everyone. Welcome to another episode of bro history. It's henry's motor and danny abell jabbar. Sorry about that danny guys. I just screwed up. I we started recording for about five ten minutes. And i had my fan on my room fan and we start this year. Really pressing yourself man normally normally. I'm chilin as usual but today at got splitting headaches. So i'm trying to get through this recording today and we've got to start over. Danny danny danny text me this morning or this afternoon. Same and really not feeling. Well i don't know if i can do this show today and i'm like today's the only show that i can do it day by day i can do it. This week and So danny is being a trooper. And he's he's a good hiding in the dark right now. Usually what is hiding in the dark. He's putting his head down and trying to get through this show. And i say everything's gonna run smoothly and then first things first. I leave my fan on and you have to arrange the first five minutes but we did have an interesting conversation about weed dispensaries. But i guess we'll have to save that for another day did used. Maybe we should just get directly into the topic. Sure let's do it all right so today we're going to be talking about the cold war I know what a what a transition. It's i don't know the best with segue into this or or how to bleed into this but i personally been wanting to talk about the cold war for a while I think there's a lot of parallels between the cold war now and I miss been one of my main interest as of late as far as what i've been reading about and what i've been looking into so Today's episode will be the origins of the cold war. That sound good danny. yup. I'm down. And i want to just kind of preface this so before world war two so before the federal government started. Deducting your income tax from your paycheck. The united states did not have a permanent arms industry. After every major war the us would eventually mobilize right So if you look at charge of abuse military expenditures as shariff gdp. You'll see spending spikes during the years of eighteen sixty one the eighteen sixty five so the civil war and nineteen seventeen a ninety two to nineteen nineteen world war one. So you gotta look at these. You can find these charts spending throughout the entire country's history But they're really interesting to see those spikes during four years. But then a all the the the x. Axis line drops all the way down and you see the other great powers of the world like germany. Russia france uk Outspending the united states in military spending Example the civil war. The us went from over a million soldiers to two hundred thousand soldiers by october twentieth Eighteen sixty five and the same thing during world war one. Why because they all died. No well so the. Us army went somewhere around. One hundred forty thousand soldiers right before the war to over four million a year however by the nineteen thirties. That number dropped back down to around one hundred forty thousand again so live from one hundred. Forty thousand yeah. Well i mean we were conscripting soldiers and there a lot of volunteers but i think maximum..

danny abell jabbar danny guys Danny danny danny danny headaches henry us federal government Russia germany france uk Us army
Biden declares world at 'inflection point' amid crises

AP News Radio

00:54 sec | 2 months ago

Biden declares world at 'inflection point' amid crises

"President Biden is urging world leaders to work together to deal with coded nineteenth climate change and other global crises it's my honor to speak to you for the first time as president of the United States in his first speech to the U. N. General Assembly the president declared the world's at an inflection point the only way to move ahead used to gather our security our prosperity and our very freedoms are interconnected in my view as never before and so I believe we must work together as never before amid growing tensions with China the president said the U. S. is not seeking a new Cold War or a world divided but he's also facing some skepticism from allies after differences over the Afghan pullout pandemic travel restrictions and other issues Sager made Ghani Washington

President Biden U. N. General Assembly United States U. China Sager Ghani Washington
China's Xi Warns of 'Interference' as Australia Brushes off Anger

Newscast - Africa

00:36 sec | 2 months ago

China's Xi Warns of 'Interference' as Australia Brushes off Anger

"President xi jinping has won against into fired from external forces in the region as australia shrub of beijing's growing anger about the decision to acquire choir use nuclear powered submarines and promise to defend the rule of law and expert and waters where china has staked hotly contested claims g arch heads of state are absolutely disease. Fennel forces to interfere in countries and regions. Any excuse and hold the future of our country's development and progress for media hands china state on publication global times also described australia as powell the us and called naive for financing. America's cold war on.

President Xi Jinping Beijing Australia China Powell America
Lennon Interview to Schoolboys, Songs, to Auction in Denmark

AP News Radio

00:50 sec | 2 months ago

Lennon Interview to Schoolboys, Songs, to Auction in Denmark

"A cassette tape with a thirty three minute audio recording of a John Lennon interview useful a school newspaper report we auctioned in Denmark later this month off a century ago full Danish teenagers interviewed them the recording including on a power on publish song by the late Beatle one of the team's remembers that it was the height of the Vietnam War and the Cold War that him and his wife Yoko Ono had a message of peace he says and that was important to us the teams managed to get an old jeans but lemon where he played and sung with no give peace a chance and a new one radio piece the items the tape twenty three still photos and a copy of the school paper estimated to be worth at least thirty one thousand dollars I'm Charles de Ledesma

John Lennon Denmark Yoko Ono Vietnam Charles De Ledesma
U.S., Australia and UK Unveil New Security Partnership

Monocle 24: The Briefing

01:55 min | 2 months ago

U.S., Australia and UK Unveil New Security Partnership

"The biden administration's efforts to counter chinese dominance in asia and support allies in the region is gathering steam. This week the us uk and australia agreed a landmark security pact in the indo pacific. The move will see australia. Build nuclear powered submarines for the first time the pack will also cover artificial intelligence cyber and quantum technologies. So what does all this mean for australia. Monaco's contributor in canberra ardebili. Gary sent us. This report the news that ustralia is going to be getting nuclear-powered submarines came out of the blue five years ago. We signed an agreement with the french to provide us with diesel-powered submarines. It has since become clear that these technology would not be adequate to meet security challenges. Plus they wouldn't be delivered for almost twenty years at the same time. Need security partnership between australia. The us and uk was announced called aucas. All of this is pretty big knees. Even if you're not someone to spend a lot of time thinking about submarines the full details haven't yet been announced but it is clear that it's all about sending a strong message to china. Tensions between australia and china has been increasing over the past few years so this deal is all about australia. Proving to beijing that it has big and powerful allies that it can rely on but it will get australia. Offside with other friends new zealand and pacific countries are avowedly anti nuclear. Oh new zealand has already said it won't allow the subs in its waters. Australia is a signatory to the nuclear nonproliferation treaty. So we can expect that e inspectors will be doorsteps wanting access and china has put out a statement. Saying it's irresponsible big questions now. Are this tacitly. Say that his strategy is undoubtedly in a cold war situation with china. And just how much safer will australia. Now be

Australia Biden Administration Indo Pacific Ardebili Ustralia Aucas UK Monaco Canberra Asia Gary China United States New Zealand Beijing
Contrast to Marxist Belief, Our U.S. Military Are Noble Soldiers

Mark Levin

01:57 min | 2 months ago

Contrast to Marxist Belief, Our U.S. Military Are Noble Soldiers

"Some four million American soldiers were mobilized to fight Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria in the Ottoman Empire. Over 116,000 Americans perished. Parrish. It won't work to more than 16 million American soldiers fought the German Nazis, Japan and Italy over 400,000 lost their lives. Sicily and Zia Atlantic. Normandy. Operation Dragoon the Bulge, he would Jima, Guadalcanal. Tearaway SaiPan, Okinawa, Too many to name During the Cold War with the Soviet Union. American soldiers fought the spread of communism, including in Korea. With the Soviet Chinese backed communists in the northern part of Korea Peninsula invaded the South. Over 5,700,000 Americans were engaged in that war, nearly 34,000 lost their lives. Almost three million Americans served in uniform in the Vietnam War, which was intended to prevent again the Soviet and Chinese backed Communist, in other words and part of that country from taking over the South. Over 58,000 American soldiers lost their lives. There have been many battles since. Including but not limited to Iraq and Afghanistan. And the war on terrorism. Contrary to the American Marxist slur that America is an imperial colonising force. Our soldiers are noble warriors. Of fought and died and still do. To protect and liberate the oppressed from one end of the world to the other. And, regardless of religion, skin, colour, ethnicity or race of the victimized And unlike some of our enemies, we do not seek to conquer other countries for the purpose of occupation and territorial

German Nazis Zia Atlantic Korea Peninsula Parrish Saipan Bulgaria Hungary Austria Sicily Normandy Okinawa Germany Soviet Union Italy Japan American Marxist Korea Vietnam Afghanistan Iraq
Operation Crossroads: The Test of Atomic Weapons in Naval Warfare

Everything Everywhere Daily

02:15 min | 2 months ago

Operation Crossroads: The Test of Atomic Weapons in Naval Warfare

"World war two had just ended the year before in nineteen forty-five while the war was over. The cold war between the united states and the soviet union was just beginning at this particular moment. The united states had a monopoly on atomic bombs. However it while they had vanished to create and detonate several bombs. There was still a great deal. They didn't know about this weapon. Only three atomic bombs had been detonated at this point. The original trinity test explosion in new mexico. The bomb used over hiroshima and the one used over nagasaki. All three of these were detonated over land. What no one knew was what would happen. If these weapons were used in naval warfare. What would happen to ships which were hit with an atomic blast with they sankar would they flow it. People in the navy had speculations but no one had any proof to this end of the. Us navy initiated operation crossroads. This was to be an a of atomic weapons in naval warfare. The navy search for a location where they could conduct such a test. They needed somewhere remote yet somewhere where they could set up headquarters on land and have observation posts. They eventually settled on a remote coral atoll in the pacific ocean in the marshall islands. The navy move the one hundred sixty seven people who lived on the island to other nearby islands so they could begin testing. They also sailed a fleet of ninety five ships to the atoll which would serve as target ships for the test. These were ships that were set for retirement and the scrap yard and instead would be used for testing they would get newt facilities for over. Forty thousand people were constructed. Who would be there to the tests. They had to build everything from scratch. They build bunkers to observe the test. They built barracks kitchens offices clubs for officers and clubs for enlisted men. It was a massive undertaking and all done far away from prying eyes in the middle of the pacific ocean on july first. The first of these tests took place he would be the fourth atomic bomb ever detonated. In the first above water the test was given the codename able it was dropped from a b twenty nine bomber and exploded approximately five hundred feet above the surface. It caused surprisingly little damage to the ships because the bombs were about a third of a mile or six hundred meters off target the next day. The news of this event spread around the world and everyone became familiar with this remote pacific island which was named

Navy Sankar United States Nagasaki Soviet Union Hiroshima Pacific Ocean New Mexico Marshall Islands Pacific Island
The 20th Century Was Shaped by War

America First with Sebastian Gorka Podcast

02:40 min | 2 months ago

The 20th Century Was Shaped by War

"We'd witnessed the twentieth century. Shaped by wall is one individual. So wittily put it. The twentieth century began in the balkans and ended in the balkans it began with the facination of archduke ferdinand by governor low prank hip. An amicus serbian nationalist which through various ententes various arrangements of the earliest twentieth century diplomacy triggered will will won a war in which a whole generation was lost the fruit of europe america only involved in the last few moments of that war it was the european nations that lost the cream of the young men in the trenches of fair done in those no-man's-land filled with bob wire and machine gun nests with more than six million killed but it was the war of mechanized proportions in which predominantly the military's paid the brunt. It was the young men of the armies of each side. That were mowed down just a few years later. The great war the first world war was out don in a conflict that spans the globe. In which sixty million people killed and not just sold is in fact in most cities of that war it was the civilians that bore the brunt. Then came the cold war stasis if you will yes hot was. In the periphery and south asia in the middle east and africa but between the two polish sides between america and the soviet union between nato and the war so packed the birds never flew this strategic bombers never dropped their bombs on washington or moscow on london on paris.

Balkans Archduke Ferdinand European Nations Bob Wire America Europe South Asia Middle East Africa Soviet Union Nato Washington Moscow London Paris
Call of Duty: Season 5 Roadmap Revealed

Digital Coffee

01:43 min | 3 months ago

Call of Duty: Season 5 Roadmap Revealed

"All right first up. Is that call duties season five is going to be titled reloaded is gonna be hitting us at on september ninth and will basically be a very interesting one because it's gonna have looks like for an operator judge dredd which would interest me quite a bit because i like those movies like the second one breath the sylvester stallone first one but he's a comic book type of character. It's a very interesting worlds. It's very disturbing very sad looking world as well. You're always going to have a few new maps for for backups. Cold war also new warzone perks austin news arby's new seasonal events as well so it's a whole bunch of interesting things with the biggest interesting thing i think. Judge dredd is finally coming to this so this adds to more of the action heroes type of things. We had the eighties. Rambo and john maclean. Now we're going to have this one as well so it's very interesting thing. What they're doing are like this way about doing their little characters. Which i most of the time never really care about in general but this is what we're going to get so be prepared to open your wallet if you wanna get it if not then. It doesn't really matter quite a bit because you can still play but it begins. September will it says seventh but also says ninth on the thing so between that time seventh to ninth and should run until probably about the end of the month probably into october beginning october. In general so be prepared for. Be ready to unlock your wallets and get this. If you feel like you want to get something like this

Sylvester Stallone Arby Judge Dredd John Maclean Rambo Austin
"cold war" Discussed on Sports? with Katie Nolan

Sports? with Katie Nolan

05:49 min | 3 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Sports? with Katie Nolan

"He did not even half might on the right side like i go pick it up. Oh yeah. I guess when i go to framingham food more often but that's just because i assume that they don't have every restaurant. The game changers making reservations on an app and the game. Changers reservation bleep that app. That does the bleep bleep. I've no idea what the app is. Just sleep it. I and i don't remember the last time. I called a restaurant to place my order because everywhere around sucks because when they answer and if it's allow bar it's like most of the times they don't answer if it's cold or they can't really hear you and also at everywhere around. I am fortunate to live on a very busy road. With just a plethora of fast food chain and all sorts of stuff. So i i always get food. Delivered always get food delivered. I'm never like because. Even if i did go pick it up to me. I view it as it's a waste of my time because it's right down the road just have bring it to me trying to boost the economy helping out matters. Yeah give great steph travis. Would have you been getting up to in the last couple of days. I realized it doesn't take a whole lot for A reality show to get me hooked. Oh boy we got so. I was watching bachelor in paradise and they kept having previous for the ultimate surfer. So i the altar surfer so i press record and they had monday and tuesday episodes. It's this giant manmade pool that ax to they can always guaranteed waves. But there isn't a whole lot there with factual surfing. But there's drama because the people like all know each other because they're all like in the surfing circuits like the festival. Tell no there's a slight one dude spoiler alert. Don't what's the next thirty seconds if you're hooked basically got eliminated because he got caught in front of some girl drama. That one girl two sets girl. There's a group of girls that didn't like another girls girls So yeah so. He got caught in some woman trauma. And that's what got me. Hooked also drama. I don't really care about the surfing. Like give me more of that and so yeah. It's now the dvr says recorded worst elevator pitch for this show that there were girls and then actually girl drama. He didn't lady stuff. And i was like the surfing's bad and it's manmade the note. The surfing is really good. But it's like nobody watches reality show for like that. They matter no. I will watch project runway for the fashion. I don't watch bats. Bats bachelor to see someone is he. Love you watch for the love. I watch it for trainer simply be watching it for. I saw today the discovery plus or maybe just regular discovery. They're doing a show where they send somebody to space. It's like it's called. Who wants to be an astronaut. Or like america's top asked and i. It's one of those who wants to walk. It's a competition and then they're going to send the person to live for like eight days in the space station yet. no. I'm going to pass on that. And i saw and this is just i think i saw but i didn't check that they're going to film a movie in space like they wanna film. I guess like tom cruise movie. They wanted to do me early. Make armageddon space. Well travis. are you sitting down. That wasn't filmed in actual space. So i think the the novelty here of the tom cruise thing that again. I think i saw shirley the authentic google. Tom cruise space movie but I'm ca- how pissed you think clooney is that he did space movies and they didn't do it for real. Tom cruise gets to be the one as russia's a sean people roger. This is the new cold war. Russia is racing to beat. Tom cruise a nasa to be the first movie shot in space. All right the russian space agency roscosmos roscosmos at sounds like rock lobster. announced thursday that it had selected its crew to headline the film which will be called challenge. Okay all right so russia is trying to get. We're we're now competing to be the first person to film a fake moon. Landing on the moon. Isn't that ironic. You'll be the first be on the moon win. Award for that'll be the rock. Fasten fears fifteen. Yeah can you imagine is jeff as still shooting people up into space via airplane. That he says is like you know. Thirty seven him. I thought i was just for him. I thought it was like any billionaire. Who wants to get from like one country. The next in like a minute. Just you know pick billion dollars. Stay greenland it. it's good it's happening already no way. I don't know that's what i was asking. I sell this environment in a time where we're like. Oh owning a private jets irresponsible at this point. And he's like. Hey gimme a billion dollars. And i'll fly from the state to this. I'm just trying to get my food delivery to get like five minutes faster growth. What's different about amazon. Now where it feels like every product being sold is a deep fake of the product that. I'm looking for his on choice yet. Or if i'm looking for. Let's say bleep the name or who gives them the clorox bleach wipes they're just disinfecting wipes actually non bleach. That i'm used to having. And i'm looking for them..

Tom cruise steph travis framingham russia clooney travis shirley america nasa roger google jeff greenland amazon
"cold war" Discussed on Sports? with Katie Nolan

Sports? with Katie Nolan

03:54 min | 3 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Sports? with Katie Nolan

"What do you mean travis. Shut up all my is trying to be. Yeah i all right. You like sat on it. You were so proud of yourself and it went right over my head all right. Let me see. Let me know if you could hear this show major. It takes exactly twelve seconds every time you know it's them. I only heard one. Because i know they're gonna do like hi. It's gramma hi. it's calling. He sits there and waits for a grammy. Gets rid of all the details. She's the one who talks and then sometimes he'll try at the nato love you but doesn't he doesn't do the talking. Grimy does the talking but it takes are exactly twelve seconds to call and she always says oh by the way. My boyfriend's name is mike. I don't know if i've ever said that. I thought she will always call doesn't ever Doesn't ever forget mike. Social always a high. Just calling to check on you and mike. I'm like you so precious. That's really cute so yeah it was. Don't understand that that a missed call handles that. And i think i appreciate it. I think it's sweet like my dad will be like hey k. Just say hi Just want to let you know. I called so. Give me a call back when you see this. Thanks dad i would have done that if you just called. And i didn't answer and i saw exactly. I'm not going to explain that to them. That like i guess. Leave you you call me. i see it. I call you back yet. Don't need to leave memorial smile I love leaving voicemails. The upside of it is if you ever had a day or something you know back in. Just play it and here the news because my mailbox is always full because i never deleted because my voice mailbox is literally full of poppy home. Poppy sell grammy. Grammy sell coupons. Same voicemail over and over yup exact same voicemail. What's the long like. How are they all look the same way. Oh yeah i mean. I'll just go down the list here. This one is the one that they left. This morning was twelve seconds. Yesterday was eleven seconds. Last last wednesday was twelve seconds Last tuesday seventeen seconds to say. I'd say maybe answer the phone christina. Yeah sounds like your your grandparents. Health millennials yeah screen. Phone calls a lot. What can i saw voicemails rule because if there if you're me and you hate i used to have a legitimate phobia about talking on phone and i'm still not very good at it. It's just calling to make a doctor's appointment. I have to play through how the conversation is going to go a million times in my head instead of just existing in the moment and delays when they ask question that throws you off guard. We're like a lot of receptionist. I don't know if that's now a bad term. But the people who received the phone calls and answer them at doctors offices a lot of times. It's it's their jobs. They do it all the time but they just don't realize that you're like i don't know what i'm doing in you know all these things and health insurance makes me anxious because i never really understand any of the words associated with it. It's just a whole mess. But whenever i used to have to make a phone call that i was like. Oh god i pray that i would get their voicemail so that i could then just be in control then i could be like. Here's the three things i wanted to tell you. Call me back and you can. But i already got the three things out some not mess it up but now i don't have to because i have well on there. But that's they don't bleep it out. They didn't pay for.

mike travis nato christina
Who is K.T. McFarland, Trump's Former Deputy National Security Advisor?

America First with Sebastian Gorka Podcast

02:17 min | 3 months ago

Who is K.T. McFarland, Trump's Former Deputy National Security Advisor?

"We have so much to discuss with regards to the disasters occurring in central asia in the last two weeks. But let's start by those who may have just accidentally happened on this channel. Found us on rumble. Downloaded this podcast. Tell them a little bit about who. Kt mcfarland is when she started to get involved in national security issues. And then you'll climb to the heights of power in the white house under the trump administration starting in nineteen seventy. I was a freshman in college at george washington university and got partial scholarship and had to pay the rest of my way through school. So i got a part time typing job in the west wing of the white house and the white house situation room. Working for guy wasn't very well known at the time by the name of henry kissinger and he was richard nixon's national security advisor. So i started working part time in the nighttime typing pool for henry kissinger In the west wing and then worked in the nixon administration. The ford administration went to graduate school during the carter administration went to oxford university and then. Mit where i studied and taught nuclear weapons Then joined the reagan administration when we won the cold war Was part of the pentagon team Did one help win. The cold war got the pentagon's highest civilian award for that service. And then i retired. We'd want our cold war. My war was one done. And so i married. Had five. kids was living the good life in new york and long island and then september eleventh happened and it convinced me to get back into government because i had such a pretty extensive experience. I point so. I did And i ran for the. Us senate against hillary clinton the organ lost. Predictably but i did Get back involved in a lot of issues. And then he came. The fox news national security analysts for over a decade until i joined the trump administration Which i did at the beginning and so here. I am out of the trump administration of back on talking to import. People like you about issues. I care deeply about what your national security

Kt Mcfarland White House Henry Kissinger Richard Nixon George Washington University Ford Administration Pentagon Asia Carter Administration Reagan Administration Oxford University Long Island Hillary Clinton New York Senate United States
Early Location Tracking: The Inception of GPS

More than Abstract

02:25 min | 3 months ago

Early Location Tracking: The Inception of GPS

"I'm going to oppose the situation to you. Imagine you were blind. An ambulance was nearby. Okay how would you know whether it's moving towards you or further away. oh The pitch the doppler effect. You got it. The the change pitch and the doppler effect. And that's how the first. Gps system was first imagined. Really so congratulations. You basically are on the same planet path that the initial people who made the gps system are on. I didn't know that. Actually that's interesting so in this case we're not going to be talking about ambulances and being blind but rather sputnik i satellite in space So this was the cold war era so everything anyone ever did has to be. It has to be to spy on the other side or something military related that makes perfect sense and the us was looking at the data coming from sputnik and realized. It's kind of like an ambulance. Depending on how high or low the pitches from the original san or from the original signal you can find which part of its orbit. It's in so you can pinpoint the position of sputnik just from this doppler effect. Okay and it wasn't really a big leap to go from a stationary observer determining the position of a moving object to a moving observer determining the position of a stationary object and so began the move towards a system that can determine the position of an object anywhere on earth. Does this all make sense to you. Oh yeah absolutely following so far okay. Now that that's that's great dot now like it'd be amazing if i knew where someone i was if i got lost so in the woods but it hit a bit of a bump in the road. I'm asking might be kind of hard. Just you know tilt your head back in and screech and have people find you. That's right you can't exactly count on that. But it was also the case that it was pretty expensive. Science behind it is solid but setting setting satellites up into space to do all the stuff. Which is how you have to do it. Like there's no other way to tell the position of something anywhere on earth without going into space to do all that be pretty expensive and the us government at the time was not inclined to fund the startup version of the gps

United States Us Government
As 20th Anniversary of 9/11 Nears, Joe Biden Faces Political Crisis Over Afghanistan Falling to the Taliban

America First with Sebastian Gorka Podcast

02:06 min | 3 months ago

As 20th Anniversary of 9/11 Nears, Joe Biden Faces Political Crisis Over Afghanistan Falling to the Taliban

"This will see the twentieth anniversary. September the eleventh. Just around the corner totta believe. i know. i'm sure every single one of you're listening can remember with clarity way. You were on that sunny crystal blue tuesday morning when three thousand americans were killed in the space of one hundred in two minutes that attack on us soil the greatest terrorist attack in modern history. Something which the soviet union never never achieved in four decades of the cold war was masterminded may osama bin laden and his organization al qaeda which means the base. What's the full name of the organization which the mainstream media never ever mentioned the base for the holy war against the crusaders. Yes that is the full name that income himself the base. It's a holy war against us against the western civilization against jews against christians and against muslims who they deem not to be muslim enough a generation later this administration the one that is allegedly run by a man called joe biden. Who can't even speak properly. Who doesn't know the entrance to the white house. Who tells you he was a truck driver. And how harry. His legs were when he was alive. God is affected a precipitous withdrawal from afghanistan that now they're having to counter with the redeployment of three thousand of military military who have been disgraced by this administration by the current secretary of defense. Who made it his mission to hunt down quote unquote the enemies inside

Osama Bin Laden Soviet Union Al Qaeda Joe Biden White House Harry Afghanistan
"cold war" Discussed on Rear Vision

Rear Vision

07:06 min | 4 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Rear Vision

"I guess and we. We survived we pulled off. The welfare of athletes particularly in terms of mental. Health is now a primary issue for the olympics. In sport more. Broadly american jim star. Simone biles withdrew from olympic competition this week citing mental health and japanese world number-two tennis plan. Naomi asaka said a recent break from the game to deal with her own. Mental health issues contributed to a shock first round loss in olympic competition. The russians responded to the boycott of moscow with the ban of their own the entire eastern bloc led by the. Us sa boycotted the los angeles olympic games in nineteen ninety-four given the circumstances. Comparisons between the two events were inevitable. Roy masters argues a combination of athletic stop. How and old fashioned show business my the games more successful and more memorable than the moscow games have four years earlier. There was a certain move towards the the opening ceremony. Classic sarah repaying sort of telegenic extravaganzas and so consequently Little bit of distraction away from the performance of the athletes. A little bit more retirement. And we've seen that trend continue buddy essentially the arctic. The boycott hurt the russians more. That is society the boycott of the moscow games for the west Moscow more than the boycott of the los angeles times By the communist a because the swimming in the trek sales by sil purchased some amazing performances. The car listen people like that. We saw some great athletic performance. Robot edelman says the cross is ultimately proved a catalyst for reinvention of the olympics helped in no small part by the decline of the cold war. It certainly threatened it and it led to a situation which headed through to nine hundred seventy eight. Where because things have gone so poorly especially on the financial front in montreal. Nobody wanted to bid for the games in nineteen seventy eight except los angeles in los angeles. Having the ioc over a barrel decided that. We're going to do it. Private enterprise game and so ironically dialectically if you wanna put it that. The boycott of moscow prompted a situation where the olympic movement was fundamentally changed it become a commercially oriented and financially very very successful operation. So from that point on the olympic movement can be said in the point of damaging. The brand comes out of it actually doing rather well. But of course there was a time of considerable consternation and uncertainty especially after eighty four. They had to. They came to an agreement that they would show up at seoul in nineteen eighty eight. There were already looking at a way a different way a better way. Perhaps depending on your point of view of organizing olympic so yeah there was a period where they looked like the whole thing. Go down the toilet. But whatever else you will say about one antonio samaranch was that of the ioc after the moscow games. He was able to bring the games into the league. Or the era of neoliberalism and globalization. And it's obviously occupies a very visible place now. The boycott era appeared to have passed when the world united for the nine thousand nine hundred eighty eight olympics in seoul. The last games before the official end of the cold war and the break up of the soviet union but events are unfolding today that echo those tensions of the past there is speculation. The us my leader boycott of the twenty twenty two winter olympics in beijing in protest at human rights abuses suffered by the week is at the hands of the chinese government. Robert edelman says opposition to china's stance on the wages could will grow louder but argues a full boycott his unlikely. I don't think it's a likelihood. And i think some people including mitt romney of all people from a presidential candidate now senator from utah. Who was involved in the utah olympics. Twenty two thousand two has talked about other ways of showing dissatisfaction with the chinese short of penalizing the athletes. But it's worth thinking about basically the things that were boycotts. Were asking more acts of protest rather than boycotts with specific aims. What are the things that we learn from. Our research and our analysis is that olympic boycott do not resolve a change. Very much really. Mazda says avoiding a boycott will come down to the negotiating powers of the ifc. And he believes they can strike a compromise. The i say we'll manage it. They always do as what what lose face in any way. They will ban in order to accommodate the will of the sec to two percent. I politically palatable guys. To how can they do that. If not actually demonstrating that develop has done something to improve the lot of the weavers. I would sign that. They'll be significant. Conciliation to towards the lakers. In in the interim The timers by the they would provide conciliation then privatised than fondly withdrew despite the very different choices they both my back in nineteen ninety northern michelle ford or raylene boil. Think the boycotts achieved anything and both sipe potential future. Boycotts would simply repeat the mistakes of the past. I don't see why sport is always used as as a political tool to get their ends which is never plays out in history. When we look back we realized just like kevin gospels. Come back and said it was a big mistake. It you stand up there. You're there for all the good graces. Not all the issues we have in the world. Are you standing on the podium. With every nation in the world who can be there and that's the beauty of the games and they were breaking that and the olympic games fell on their feet after that even meant though that this action on national scale stopped some sort of conflict between russia and other countries. Would you still disagree with this action. Mr tries it. I think that he was going to stop some form of conflict or even stop the problem fair enough do it. But i don't think it is going to cause the problem. I don't think approved anything. The only people that seem to effect with the athletes that doesn't sound. I'm supporting china or in any way shape or form but yeah. I just don't think it proved anything. I think the losers of the athletes. What would you say to those people who would say that the athletes in this issue just think of themselves. I would agree. You've been listening to revision on scott wiles technical production by isabella trump. Yano you've been listening to an abc podcast. Discover more great. Abc podcasts live radio and exclusives on the abc listen app..

moscow olympics olympic jim star Simone biles Naomi asaka Roy masters Robot edelman ioc antonio samaranch seoul los angeles Robert edelman sil olympic games los angeles times arctic tennis Moscow utah
"cold war" Discussed on Rear Vision

Rear Vision

07:34 min | 4 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Rear Vision

"Themselves seem divided over the issue. Of course it and kevin is a friend of mine so that might worse as well. It was a situation in an area that i didn't want to deal with. I really had no workings with so the fact that i had these people who were telling me what i could do with my running i thought was wrong because i thought the irc and i thought the iowa for i assume were about sport not about politics and sorry at all just became so confusing to have to make political decisions railing boil remains arguably the greatest destruction athlete to have never won olympic gold from scott wiles. And you're listening revision. This is the story of how the cold war impacted the nine thousand nine hundred moscow olympics and with the australian olympic team court between competing superpowers revelations that astrology was still trading with the soviet union as the boycott debate raged further added to the athletes. Frustration has serious. I we when we continue to to have ties with export tried and so on. Are we really very serious. About if we don't have the whole nation pine for rather we pick on three or four hundred people and say well you are the ones who are going to mike the if it for this country at the time of the crisis the soviet union wasn't subject to any economic sanctions from australia and trade with russia actually increased in the aftermath of the boycott debate. We as athletes started realizing that we didn't have a voice. We were being used as political thought. Anneli two governments who really were trading with russia at the time and it came out in in a lot of the media reports leading up to the games that why are we sacrificing out athletes when trade is still going forward The government is still Re trades and other traits are still going forward with russia yet. The athletes being sacrificed. It was speculated at the time that malcolm fraser didn't privately support the boycott and in an interview. Some thirty years later said it was a mistake. Libeling the boycotts. Divisive and unsustainable australia's olympic swimming team had a final workout today incident near the team leaves next tuesday. Michelle ford was soon on her way to moscow and a place in the final of the eight hundred meter freestyle the last race in the individual program as with their counterparts in athletics. The east germans were dominating the pool right out there and putting best career korea china's china's frontrunner come from behind the is in the german. I really struggling. Michelle turned with that race. Nine out of ten races had been won by the eastern goals and all the freestyle races. They had protected and always up for the last race with the threes german goals by my side and i think looking back now and reading what happened. A what. what the east german Were taking at the time and the goals who had three times the steroids a bit bid johnson. I asked myself how how. I actually pulled it off but i think everything. Just kinda get in that in that one moon talk income joe gold medal and i put my show. Ford shows compatriot tracy weakened was the reigning eight hundred made a world record but amid the stress and pressure of the moment decided against going to moscow. In later years she wrote about the lasting impact that time had on her mental health but they will some good that kind from the crisis soon after the moscow games. Michelle ford became a founding member of the athletes commission and is a signatory to the declaration enshrining and athletes to compete at olympic games without political interference. I think i think the lasting toll came out a me in two thousand fifteen when i signed the declaration of athletes right to compete with the ifc. At it tom in moscow in two thousand fifteen and that declaration was signed by one athlete from each of the regions. That's the five regions of the world. That the ifc recognizes and each athletes on that declaration. So that every athlete has the right to compete at the games without political interference without interference of any sort. They can apply to participate the games of course they have to make the qualify and that was a very strong women to me in that this would rectify to future generations that they're allowed to participate at the games hence the opening for the refugee teams that announced participating at the games. And i think that was closure and a moment of joy that I was able to be part of that man as well. As allowing for refugee teams the declaration is why. Russian athletes are competing in tokyo. Despite russia itself being subject to an iro see ban in the wake of the state sponsored doping scandal the grew out of the sochi winter olympics in two thousand fourteen there will be russian athletes but under very as you now constraint. Circumvents called athletes from russia. And they don't wear same uniforms they won't be and they don't be flags and things like that in a politicize. The games look. I think probably when i look at it now i can see that. That was probably the start of my depressive days way. Something was happening that was affecting my career. But i couldn't fix it. And i found that really frustrating an annoying because generally if you've got an injury you work with you met medical team to get arbor and you get you get on with your running with this situation. There always people that had no idea right like oil wells and they were missing my life up in a big way and I think you know. I just lost interest and and faith in the whole organization of olympic sport. I think it was like many people have come up to me and said you know you a lot. The vet those who went to the vietnam war didn't owe anything and we were. We were pools to that but the hardest thing for me and many have alluded to it is the fact that the not known not knowing what was going to happen was the hottest thing we were going then. We work on. We'll going then we work i. It was just impossible but when you got home to a strategy since we're people a little more generous than they had been. Shall we say before you lived. Yeah i think we put the government in a really bad position that we were successful in at the games and the train people. They rolled out the red carpet force. You know we were just young kids coming back. After a war.

moscow Michelle ford russia scott wiles australian olympic team court Anneli soviet union olympic joe gold malcolm fraser olympics athletes commission australia ifc china kevin iowa athletics mike
"cold war" Discussed on Rear Vision

Rear Vision

07:29 min | 4 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Rear Vision

"Australian sports commission so that trying to government probably lose any feis because it was quite aggressive sense that we were fully lawn so from that point of view whatever it makes temps of security. Us crisis here by various things. The government didn't suffer from decision. But malcolm soule should look through the history books into solder the chia political alliance that that was going on at the time but simply decide president cada from embarrassment. They ran in huskies crisis. And maybe he could look back about two or three centuries in the back to the british inviting afghanistan and getting nowhere and being sent high cross and right now as we speak at this very time when we consider that the boycott of the moscow games was all about russia's invasion of afghanistan wrought our as we look at at televisions screens. We saying The americans withdraw from afghanistan. A big trial along with regard to strike participation in afghanistan amid that very public political pressure minneapolis received height mile abusive phone calls in the dead of night. And even death threats. Michelle ford says. This went on throughout the build up to the gains and even after they arrived in the olympic village in moscow. It became a public debate. It we're getting death threats. We were pushed left. Where pushed by Told me retraces to the country went we were. We were under such pressure. It was still hitting on the heads in the village. We were getting lettuce before even before my race are received a letter from person. I didn't know her written and said you. If you get on the blocks you'll be traded to australia. And that sort of hits you win you in a mindset of standing on the block he playing through your your preparations and you stop thinking. Gosh when i'm on the block not gonna stop thinking traded to the country. It was pretty hot. Australia's no isolated in our own region deciding to attend the moscow games. The trailing olympic federation executive as australia. Virtually vote in the region company with communist lasse communist vietnam and communist north korea. I have to say that. I find that shameful and repugnant position to be roy masters. Is the public mood at. The time was divided along political lines and even different sports voted according to political affiliation how significant division and particularly the sporting community they. They don't forget that gough whitlam's government at second not seventy five ninety. Five is after that it was debate. Pretty much liberal liable on those that thought that We should go those. We will looks piddling tidying secrets to the united states. Don't forget that there was a democratic parent the white house and liberals in parent cameras. So there's a bit of confusion but essentially it'll come down to decision bought. The athletes are whether they should go and it was it was it was significantly twenty launching and the olympic federations. Sports voted along as lots of some of the sports with along with liberal government and chose not to go some of the more Grassroots sports tries to go Dan forget there was a certain degree of bribery athletes With pressure giving some of the athletes promises of money. If they didn't go some of them were you know their whole lot athletic lobby hoods could have been destroyed or enhanced by that decision. There was no doubt they were. They were and there was all sorts of stuff going on behind the scenes. Fine calls railing. Boyle was australia's highest profile olympian star of the track a triple olympic silver. Medallist she was among around eighty athletes who ultimately chose to adhere to the boycott and stay home. I thought it through. I didn't make a knee jerk decision. I thought it through very thoroughly before. I withdrew from that team and i believe me. I made the best decision i could have. I personally tried to get on doing the training. My coach was directing me to do once that started to fall away and pressure from both the and the athletes in the team started to get to me as as they wanted me to be a sparks person because i was probably one of the base nine in the team and there was no doubt that there was a bit of lobbying going on for you know by the government to say. Don't go on by the to say guy. Once their decision of paint made it became extremely difficult and emotional and my health started to suffer so it was a really horrible time in my life. That must have been a very hard decision not to go giving it was arguably you lost chance to win an olympic gold medal. It was was. Because i had the two silvers from munich. And i had the one stool for mexico and really my dream and all those food in years twelve years basically had been spent trying to win that gold medal and i was in fantastic condition. Changed events knows really in a good position to win that goal middle but the way it was affecting me the whole situation was not putting me in a position to be a gold medalist and i was an emotional rick. Today's withdrawals bring to twelve the number of individual members of the olympic team. Who resigned since last friday's decision to go to moscow. Railing oil says the whole saga beginning with the us boycott live to a disillusioned with the ioc and what she saw as the politicization of the olympic movement. Further complicating matters. The australian olympic federation was itself divided having to hold several votes before narrowly deciding against the boycott. I'm not a political person. I didn't want to get involved with the politics. And that's one of the things that probably annoys me. Most about the is is that it so political. All i wanted to do was the arana. Go across run marissa's and come home and all. I wanted to go forward to run. And that's what i was around so ultimately what was your decision. What was the tipping point view in deciding not to go. was it about. The geopolitical situation was really about the pressure from home. And you just felt like this was just too much. It was fold. It was about the pressure from on the street and from the athletes themselves. Trying to get me to be his spokesperson but it was also the quality of training. That i was doing was just not the quality than i expected for myself and decided that it wasn't for me as much as i would have loved to have gone there and had my fourth games. I just decided that a political situation in sport was just wrong. You mentioned the or. I think it was known as the olympic federation at that point. How much of effect awards the division with innate. I took four votes to decide whether or not they would go. Kevin gosper who was a member of the ifc. The time came out and said that he thought the athletes shouldn't go. did that. make it doubly hard that you you had to pay body. That.

afghanistan moscow malcolm soule chia political alliance Michelle ford australia olympic federation Australian sports commission roy masters olympic gough whitlam Us minneapolis russia north korea vietnam white house Boyle confusion australian olympic federation
"cold war" Discussed on Rear Vision

Rear Vision

06:52 min | 4 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Rear Vision

"This is an abc podcast. Tokyo olympics will be postponed for one year. After jefferson's writing athletes have welcomed the one year postponement of the olympic games. The olympics only ever been canceled during world. Wars that have pandemic has now climbed the twenty twenty games. Spectators won't be allowed at the tokyo olympics. Polling mating games organized japanese by july next year curved nineteen is under control. They were postponed. They almost cancelled at the tokyo olympics. Have gone ahead. Although covered nineteen means no spectators to cheer the athletes or pulled the winners as they received their medals forty years ago. The olympics experienced an equally seismic shift but one driven not by a pandemic but geopolitics a threat to boycott the moscow olympics. Divider destroyer down political lines and lift athletes court in a standoff between the government of the day and the australian olympic federation as. You'll hear it was a crisis that would have a lifelong impact on athletes. Like michelle ford railing. Boil but one that in time would also help reinvent the olympic movement. Welcome to revision on scott wiles. The games of the twenty second olympiad was scheduled to be held in moscow in the summer of nineteen eighty but on the twenty third of january that year. The us delivered a shock when president. Jimmy carter made this announcement during the annual state of the union address and i have notified the olympic committee that was soviet invading forces in afghanistan. Neither the american people know. I will support sending an olympic team to moscow the. Ussr had invited afghanistan on the twenty fourth of december nineteen seventy nine four weeks prior to president carter's announcement of a boycott. It was the start of yet another cold. War era proxy war and the nine thousand nine hundred olympic games would soon be swept up in the brinkmanship. The olympics become a representation of what becomes known as the second cold war with the beginning of that. The invasion of afghanistan rubbed edelman is a professor of russian history and the history of sport at the university of california and co director of the cold war. History project at the wilson. santa sadly. there's a master narrative. I can use that term of cold war sports. It's that this was a superpower proxy war in which the sport replaced hard power the military as peaceful relatively safe way of combating between capitalism and communism so that was always there and of course the problem was at least initially studying fifty two and really a more entirely or more thoroughly and ninety six the soviets come to dominate it and there are a lot of reasons with you could go into a why. The olympics are particularly good programmer platform for what they did in terms of the way they went about sports and being able to use it for political purposes so throughout the cold war. I mean certainly seventy two at unique. That's a high point in terms of political scandals and political intervention in terms of black september. And things like that. The usa saw top the middle tally at six of the nine summer olympics contested and throughout the cold war. The games were opposing expression of symbolic power. Rub edelman says. The success of the soviets only olympic stage exaggerated the actual status as a rival of how to the united states. The olympics had a way of making the soviet union appear more powerful than it really was and made the united states appeared less powerful than it really was and so the olympics. Were not really about something. That was a reflection of global economic political realities. There was nothing symbolic about the invasion of afghanistan and it was a provocation. The us wouldn't ignore and as the games drew closer. It became clear that washington would hold the line and go through with the boycott. I can't say at this woman but other nations will not go for the summer olympics in moscow hours will not go. That question of who else wouldn't go reverberated. Among us allies including australia there was a mix of responses. Some such as great britain and france would go but they would compete under the olympic flag instead of their national flag and wouldn't play the anthem at middle ceremonies. The likes of china argentina was germany. Japan and canada joined the us and sixty other nations in boycotting the games entirely to bite in australia about whether to join the boycott triggered. What remains one of the dhaka's chapters in australian sport. It was just such a terrific time for athletes across the world really bet in particular in australia. Michelle ford was within seventeen year old swimmer from sydney's southern suburbs and on track to be selected to represent australia in moscow when the boy announced by the us president in january. We still had six months of pool on training to do To get to the games so six months out. We hear that all the may be a boycott but such as farfetched idea in in in my mind anyway that this could happen but as time went on and we got closer in pressuring increased with the different political. Talk about an coasts malcolm fraser. These drank government joining the us in that fight and then the british and canadians all having to back the us because of the alliance the federal government under prime minister. Malcolm fraser didn't have the power to stop the athletes from going. That decision was in the hands of the australian olympic federation but they campaigned hard for strategies athletes to stay home. I believe that placing sport before the freedom and independence of people's. We haven't got for less to have that kind of priority said. You won't take the passports of. Will you be embarrassed if they decide to go. Individual olympic committee has to make a decision panel yet. And we'll have to see what comes out of that that we said basically that putting views dissuading as strong as we possibly can but we don't want to use the tactics of the soviet union to deny acid passport would be using soviet tactics to achieve abject. Well the guy was just basically trying to fold it long. The united states and to be Pity turning secrets to to uncle. Sam roy masters is covered. Olympic games as a journalist is a form of first grade rugby league coach and one time board member.

olympics moscow olympic michelle ford australian olympic federation afghanistan scott wiles president carter usa olympic committee tokyo edelman Ussr olympic games jefferson Tokyo abc australia university of california wilson
Professor Paul Kengor Writes a Remarkable Review of 'American Marxism'

Mark Levin

01:53 min | 4 months ago

Professor Paul Kengor Writes a Remarkable Review of 'American Marxism'

"Professor. Paul Kengor is an expert on communism is an expert on the Cold War. He spent a lifetime studying this. He's from Grove City. And not at my request, he wrote a review that appeared today in the American Spectator, The American Spectator. Is an iconic Publication and our website. By one of the great Conservatives really in modern times. Bob. Terrible. And who has been so important in so many ways to so many people. I don't want to give you a taste of what Professor King, Gore said, given his unique position. And I Some of you believe me in some of you on but I'm not reading this for the praise. I'm reading it for the analysis, okay? Go to Amazon and type in Mark Levin, American Marxism and you'll find the number one best selling book in the country, with hundreds of reviews and mere weeks. Even more impressive. It's rated 4.9 out of five stars. Clearly something is up. It's not just Levine's name is platform as he raised his huge radio show his life, Liberty and Love, inch on the Fox News Channel or his previous best sellers. What's up is what Levin has tapped into with this particular book, American Marxism. What's up is unfortunately, American Marxism. This is not American Marxism in the form that this nation long ago dealt with. This is not the American Marxism of the past century in the style of the standard. Of the former standard bearers Gus Hall, Alger Hiss, the Rosenbergs, the Hollywood 10 and so forth. No, that was really Soviet Marxism. Those guys and gals of Communist Party USA swore a literal loyalty oath to Stalin's

Paul Kengor Professor King Grove City Mark Levin Gore BOB Fox News Channel Amazon Levine Levin Gus Hall Alger Hiss Hollywood Communist Party Usa Stalin
Was There Really a Spy Cat?

Your Brain on Facts

02:24 min | 4 months ago

Was There Really a Spy Cat?

"Now. If you're going to use an animal for an important job you need to pick the right animal. I of you'll want an animal. That's trainable and obedient like a dog or a horse. Maybe even a dolphin or a primate basically anything but a domestic cat would work. Just fine in the nineteen sixties this. Cia chose a cat. Unlike projects like m. k. Ultra this one was never subject to congressional hearing but the project called acoustic. Kitty was provable. Real given their stealthy nature. You could do worse than a cat as a spy. The cia seemed willing to overlook most of our feline friends personality traits as they focused on just one curiosity. The idea was that the cat could walk soundlessly through an area where sensitive data was discussed without drawing any undue attention. But how would. The cat convey the information. The cat would be as my mom. Used to describe me wired for sound. The cia was going to burn millions of dollars and years of man labour trying to develop a cyborg kittens spy to bug the soviets and retrieve covert information. That's right we out it the russians though i will say we don't know what the kgb was up to that particular week the story of the spy cat can be pieced together thanks to declassify documents and other sources from the cold war intelligence community. The plan was to surgically implant on microphone in the cat's ear canal and a small radio transmitter at the base of its skull. I would have put it in the tail but mostly for that cool retro-futurism aesthetic working with outside audio equipment contractors. The cia built a three quarter inch long transmitter to embed at the base of the cat skull. Finding a place for the microphone was difficult at first but the ear canal turned out to be prime territory. If not a bit obvious. The antenna was made from fine wire. That ran all along the cats back to its tail hidden in. Its for the batteries. Also gave the techies a little trouble since the cat size limited them to using only the smallest batteries available which restricted the amount of time. The cat would be able to record

CIA Kitty KGB
How Have US-China Relations Changed Since 1971?

The Guardian UK: Politics Weekly

02:10 min | 4 months ago

How Have US-China Relations Changed Since 1971?

"With president biden now at the helm and the chinese economy predicted to overtake the us. In just a few years. How have relations between the two nations changed since kissinger's visit in nineteen seventy one. And what is the future of these two superpowers who better to ask than vincent. Knee the guardians china affairs correspondent who presented a documentary on bbc world. Service called when kissinger went to china. I started off by asking him. How nineteen seventy-one meeting came about what to some extent. It was a multi year project. Starting with both sides signaled intention of contact. This was initially conducted a very quietly and in a very subtle way beginning with the us. Calling china it's proper name at people's republic of china instead of red china or communist china and in beijing mao also wants to get in touch with richard nixon and his administration so they stay on the media's began to reduce the use of blessed capitalists. The things like this a eventually president. Nixon told pakistani president. Y'all calm and yao coundon tote chairman mao. That's the americans was serious. So that was the beginning of this contact. At in retrospect it was a very practical way of changing the course of the cold war. If you think about in the ninety sixties seventies when richard nixon came to power in ninety sixty eight vietnam. War was still a huge controversy in the us. Adding china around ninety sixty nine. There was a border war between china and the soviet union and around around autumn nineteen. Sixty nine It was rumored that's soviet union wants to to plan a pre emptive strike on china's so chairman mao at the time was really looking for a way out of this. And of course you know for nixon. I going to another communist big power. They wanted to change the triangular relationship between the us soviet union and china

China President Biden Kissinger MAO Richard Nixon Yao Coundon Vincent United States BBC Beijing Nixon Vietnam Soviet Union Chairman Mao
"cold war" Discussed on Benjamen Walker's Theory of Everything

Benjamen Walker's Theory of Everything

03:13 min | 6 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Benjamen Walker's Theory of Everything

"You decided to approach this stuff in your book yet. So i was fifteen years old ninety sixty seven but i was sorta plugged into that that what was going on just because my parents were very interested in politics they were very liberal so They were all over the cia stuff when it started coming out actually started coming out in nineteen sixty five. That's when the new york times Outed the congress for cultural freedom as a cia creature Interestingly n- nothing really came of that story until the ramparts peace and nineteen sixty seven which was about the national student association. And that's the story that pulled the thread that unraveled the whole tapestry of covered finding was turned out to be as i said incredibly elaborate and global they just funded all kinds of political and cultural organizations that people assumed were independent. And i end the book with that along with the aetna. Because that's really moment when you look back and you think what was really going on here. Yeah after i finished your book. I finally realized what my problem with all the stuff is. It's that the revelations are just too massive. What i mean. They don't just reveal truth they also a truth. Which makes it super frustrating if you wanna pin down what some of these writers and artists and critics were doing when they were working for the cia during the cold war you know. What conclusion can you draw. It was all a sham. That doesn't seem right that they were all puppets. That doesn't quite seem right either. List all people both american and british intellectuals most of whom are liberal or left people who contributed to encounter and they didn't have to be told what to say because they were saying exactly what the government wanted them to say that just exposed sham of american intellectual culture that these people imagined they had some distance from.

both british cold war new york fifteen years old ninety sixty seven american congress aetna nineteen sixty five nineteen sixty seven
"cold war" Discussed on Benjamen Walker's Theory of Everything

Benjamen Walker's Theory of Everything

07:30 min | 6 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Benjamen Walker's Theory of Everything

"So on which wasn't true at all peres is also the setting for one of the most tragic stories in your book. The encounter between richard wright and james baldwin to african american writers both came to paris in search of freedom. I don't think i ever realized how central the cold war was to this tragedy. I think most people know the story that right was a kind of sponsor mentor for james baldwin in late nineteen forties when baldwin was just twenty years old and just starting out and right matt with have helped him get a fellowship so he can work on his first novel and then right moved paris nineteen forty seven permanently and shortly after baldwin moved paris and the first thing he does when he gets. Barris is writing article attacking. Richard rice big novel native son in a little language magazine. In paris. twos editors richard. Reid introduced him And then you're after that he published. I think a year or two years after he published another attack on native son and partisan review and perversely for the plane to anybody. Trying to say what's the smart thing for a young black writer to do actually works for him and then he published his first collection of essays. Notes of native son. Appropriating the title of richard wright's famous novel. As if to say. I'm the native son. Not richard wright. I can explain blacks experience in america better than this guy can. And by the end of the sixties right dies in nineteen sixty nine hundred sixty two French writer be shelf. Operating is trying to write a biography of richard. Reid come to the united states. Everybody says nobody cares about richard. Pryor anymore it's all about james baldwin. Now you use the word over determined to some of the relationship between right involved in which i just loved so much but i want to talk about a moment when they are in agreement. This was at the congress of black writers and artists which took place in paris in september of nineteen fifty six and a number of the speakers at this congress. Were advancing a concept negative. That was in many ways not just turn towards africa but also a rejection of the west. Can you talk about why both baldwin and write rejected this idea. And did they have the same reasons. Think they did actually and at a conference one line that was taken. Was i recall pan africanist line which is at all black people around the world share certain culture that originates in africa. The term negritude dates from the nineteen thirties by may zehr from martinique and courts. Important figure after the war the in postcolonial era at both baldwin and right rejected that because they felt whatever you could say about martin nickens or west africans so odd. It just wasn't true of american blacks at the black. American experience was just different from the experience of colonized peoples And they didn't want to be identified with that it's complicated because of course decolonisation as postwar phenomenon. Which is sort of the big story. Here was force behind the american civil rights movement. Cut the federal government more engaged than it wanted to get in that But baldwin felt that like experience was different in america and they also were both modernists. They both believed that the answer to oppression is to use the tools of the west which are the reason technology and they both believed that and they both identified with the west and the cold war baldwin as well as right so i think there reasons are quite similar. I mean that's what makes the whole the whole feud so bizarre is that they are really that far apart on the pan. Africanist thing the. I can't jumps born to chris on the punish saban. I recently watched a documentary on the congress called lumiere nour's and the writer karel filip says something pretty intriguing about baldwin conferences. Important to most people. I think in the classroom in america and universities because of baldwin's essay prince in power. I'm not sure without boulders essay to be honest whether that many people would be aware of. The conference was complete uncovered. The american press. I couldn't find a single story about it. So it's true. I think that that. A bob munro which was published in encounter was was most people in. Us heard about it. I mean i don't think the ball with rights views had a lot of impact on people federal Who started the important figure at the conference but yeah baldwin. Baldwin did have a lot of influence on shaping perceptions of the conference. Here's where i feel like. We just have to mention that the magazine. That baldwin was reporting on the conference for encounter was a a front justice. I think we need to point out. That the also funded richard right on his reporting trip to the bandung conference in nineteen fifty five. Because as you know in your book right was extremely hostile and dismissive of the post colonial ideas that were discussed at bandung. Also i think wiley misrepresented some of these things that he covered He you know. He was anti-racist and he could tolerate the idea of kind of racially based nationalism which he fell lard. These decolonizing states were adopting really fair. But that was the line that he took so he's complicated. Figure there's a whole show. I don't get into. Because i don't i couldn't get to the bottom up and if i tried. But there's a sort of conspiracy theory that his early death was the result of some kind of ferris poisoning or something i don't know his daughter believes that he was killed. His friends and colleagues did And as you know island of hallucinations to unfinished novel that right was working on at the time of his death. It was all about the cia trying to infiltrate and destroy african american expats or exiles in paris. Yeah but i guess at this point we might as well just talk about the last chapter in your book where you do take us behind the scenes where you show us the cia octopus in the rabbit hole so to speak. I'm just going to quote you here. the cia owned or subsidised more than fifty newspapers new services. Radio stations and periodical. Most of them abroad. American publishing houses including putnam's balancing in doubleday unknowingly published books that had cei- involvement the a seems to have funneled money to the iowa writer's workshop. Now all this was revealed in a number of exposes in the late sixties. Not just in underground magazines like ramparts. But the new york. Times as well. And i'm really curious. What your memories of this time were and how your initial reactions informed or didn't inform how.

james baldwin karel filip richard paris richard wright martin nickens Reid Baldwin baldwin america africa nineteen thirties first novel both first new york first collection american civil rights movement Pryor cold war
"cold war" Discussed on Benjamen Walker's Theory of Everything

Benjamen Walker's Theory of Everything

06:09 min | 6 months ago

"cold war" Discussed on Benjamen Walker's Theory of Everything

"Cold war if you follow him and he's a professor at harvard and a staff writer at the new yorker. It's been obvious for some time. Now that he's been working on something big related to the cold war and his new book is very big. We're talking almost a thousand pages. Big it covers a lot of people you think you might know. Well like george orwell. John paul sartre susan santiago allen ginsberg and a number of art and intellectual movements like post structuralism and pop art. That you will know better when you finish the book. I am so thrilled. That louisianan door luke to everyone who knows him had some time to talk with me about art in thought in the free world. Interestingly turns out. Luke also read francis donor. Saunders book back when it came out i was thought it was very impressive and so when i started thinking about writing my own book about it and actually imagine that it would deal with the cia and covert funding in the sort of cultural diplomacy Aspect of the period. Which as you say have been a lot of books about. And and honestly i got into it. I began to think. There's just not much there. I just found that it didn't it. Didn't pan out And so then. I realized that that's actually not the interesting story. The interesting story was just to do a cultural history of the period. Obviously we're not going to have enough time to talk about all the individuals and ideas in your book. So let's just get started with george orwell in nineteen eighty-four nine hundred eighty four is where most of the world got its definition of totalitarianism. And you really make it clear. Just how important. This book was by the late. Nineteen fifties big brother is almost anonymous with soviet communism. But you also note that orwell. Never set out to write an anti-communism book. He believed there were many roads to totalitarianism. So how did this happen. How did this one particular idea. Or interpretation of nineteen eighty-four win out over the others. Well you're right about orwell's intentions. He was semi persuaded by an american writer. James barnum wrote a book called the managerial revolution. That the future of mass societies might be some form of talibanism of the kind that he fictionalized is in nineteen eighty-four. He was warning people in particular leftwing intellectuals not to go down that road that there was danger at the end of it and that was an anxiety that many people had in late nineteen forties. That's what hunter rents or its origins. Talibanism is about. It could happen here so the warning was picked up by people who worry that the future of liberal democracies would some kind of communist states like the soviet union and also by people who worried that the future liberal democracies people on the left. It worth the future. Liberal democracies would be some kind of fascist state like germany so so the general anxiety but attala -tarian is spread across the political spectrum. Everybody was actress about it with a different future in behind and our will therefore spoke to everybody because it's very nonspecific and then the truth is i did not write about this much in the book that the novel also benefited as it. Animal farm from heavy promotion by the american government. Okay i have to interrupt here. Because most of this promotion was convert the cia that sent hundreds of thousands of coppins. Orwell's novel into the world. The cia also secretly funded and nineteen eighty-four movie. That came out in nineteen fifty-six but in the version that screened in the uk. Italy and germany. The cia changed orwell's nba. Yeah this version. Winston smith goes yelling down with big brother the cia turn nineteen eighty-four into a warning of soviet totalitarianism and proposed. That death was better than submission but this was just one interpretation of orwell's book. I'd love to get you to talk about. How orwell in nineteen eighty-four intellectuals and artists of the nineteen fifties who wanted to express they felt about mass culture in you know how they saw it as leading possibly to an orwellian future. Yeah the the people who were worried about a challenge tearing future like hana read were generally highly critical of mass market commercial. Entertainment like hollywood movies and so on and one feature of the period. That's very noticeable. Obviously now is the degree to which intellectuals bought into the avant-garde catch binary this idea that there's avangard art or fine art as critical distance from the state but that commercial culture is basically a former propaganda and obviously it can't be a foreign propaganda. it was in germany. it was to some extent in soviet union. But the idea was that. Hollywood is just duplicating. What the kremlin to soviet cinema and a lot people believe that so there was period that really up until the mid sixties in which that was taken for granted that mass culture popular culture was potentially dangerous and then that all goes away really by ninety sixty.

James barnum John paul sartre george orwell Winston smith Cold war mid sixties soviet union Italy hundreds of thousands of coppi cold war Luke uk Saunders late nineteen forties sixty Orwell harvard Hollywood american government new yorker