17 Burst results for "Charlie Mccann"

"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

The Economist: The Intelligence

06:56 min | Last month

"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

"The roads outside me on mars government offices are splattered with red. Paint protests against february's military coup or unrelenting and demonstrators are trying to shame the generals the paint red blood spilled as the army's campaign grows increasingly brutal and indiscriminate a week ago on state television the announcement. Twenty-three protestors would be put to death. Hundreds are already dead with the is undeterred. Strikes and boycotts are strangling the economy on the country's fringes rebel militias made ethnic minorities. That have fought. The government for decades are banding together and external pressure is rising targeted international sanctions are stacking up this week. The un's human rights commission lambasted. The army's crackdown the military seems intent. On intensifying its pitiless policy of violence against the people of myanmar using military grade and indiscriminate weaponry. They're clear echoes of syria in two thousand eleven. He'd an investment are all but frozen just. Today a south korean steel-making giant called posco said it would hold plans for a joint venture. The country is fast heading toward becoming a failed state but both sides of the conflict are dug in determined and seemingly fearless. The burmese military is gunning down people from all walks of life. Charlie mccann is the economists. Southeast asia correspondent students activists taxi drivers even children. They've killed scores of children and even in the face of that danger. People are still protesting in in big numbers. Yeah that's right that's still demonstrating but these administrations have gotten much smaller. Since the military started cracking down there also boycotting companies linked military and goods produced by the military southlands and thousands of workers are striking which is really Punishing the economy. Many people have taken a much more aggressive stance when it comes to fending off attacks from soldiers. They're defending their neighborhoods by building. Barricades there even attacking soldiers and police officers. Some killed troops and hundreds of people from the center of the country are traveling to the borderlands territories that are controlled by ethnic minority militias with the intention of getting military training from these militias. So even though the protests themselves or are smaller it sounds fighting is escalating in many ways on both sides here. Yeah absolutely the army has become this occupying force. It's said basis in schools universities and monasteries and that gives them a vantage point from which they can more easily they hope crush protests which they're doing by literally gunning people down just last week. The army massacred eighty two people in this town in the center of the country called ligo local activists from that town Say the army's actually charging families about eighty five dollars to retrieve the bodies of their loved. Ones they'll conduct midnight raids in residential areas. Where they'll conduct house to house searches looking for people. They believe oppose them. They'll start indiscriminately shooting. Rubber bullets even live rounds into houses. And they'll drag people out of their houses and start beating arresting them over. Three thousand people have now been jailed and some of these people have been tortured. And what about the former civilian leadership who've been pushed out of power and on song suci with them. Well i'm sushi is under house arrest. She hasn't actually been seen in public. Since the coup on february. I just this week. Her lawyer said that a six charge has been levelled against her. These charges range from the kind of ludicrously minor so she's alleged to have improperly imported walkie-talkies to the much more serious. She's also accused of violating. The official secrets act. So the resistance is pinning. Its hopes on a bunch of mp's from her political party who to evade arrest. They have formed. A group called the committee representing padang. Suk luta peons. Who is the burmese for legislature. So the crp h is a kind of visual government. And they are seeking legitimacy and help from foreign governments and they're also trying very hard to court ethnic minorities in myanmar. Many of these minorities have been fighting for independence from the burmese for decades so the sierra was hoping that it will be able to strike an alliance with these militias and form. What is calling federal army so far. Ten of these militias have expressed their support for this provisional government and if the h. succeeds in and gets all of those ethnic militias onside. Does that present a real threat to to the military. This alliance of rebel groups would have little chance of beating the army in open combat. The army is enormous for that has three hundred and fifty thousand soldiers with that said if these groups were to start acting in concert and forcing the army to fight on several fronts that would definitely spread the army's thin and maybe erode the morale of its soldiers. And while all of this is going on you say there are general strikes in and people. Boycotting army led businesses. And what's the economy looking like at the moment economy's in really bad shape. The world bank thinks it's going to shrink by ten percent this year. Others think it will contract by even more because of these strikes. You have customs agents dockworkers lorry-drivers rail-workers all on strike supply. Chains are breaking down. Businesses are having a really really hard time operating as you might imagine an lot. That's down to the fact that the banking system is a proud. Most bank branches are closed. Because they don't have any staff. Foreign investors are getting cold feet and suspending investments and indeed the country. Foreign donors have frozen aid public services because of these mass strikes have really largely ceased tax collectors. Teachers doctors have walked off the job in droves. So what we're seeing is the apparatus of the state breaking down myanmar's on the brink of becoming failed state and for all their firepower. It seems that the the army is beset. On all sides i mean. How long can they stand.

Charlie mccann Ten ten percent six charge Twenty-three protestors Three thousand people last week Today two thousand Hundreds three hundred hundreds of people this week this year a week ago Southeast asia both sides thousands of workers eighty two people about eighty five dollars
Myanmar Is on the Brink of Collapse

The Economist: The Intelligence

01:50 min | Last month

Myanmar Is on the Brink of Collapse

"The roads outside me on mars government offices are splattered with red. Paint protests against february's military coup or unrelenting and demonstrators are trying to shame the generals the paint red blood spilled as the army's campaign grows increasingly brutal and indiscriminate a week ago on state television the announcement. Twenty-three protestors would be put to death. Hundreds are already dead with the is undeterred. Strikes and boycotts are strangling the economy on the country's fringes rebel militias made ethnic minorities. That have fought. The government for decades are banding together and external pressure is rising targeted international sanctions are stacking up this week. The un's human rights commission lambasted. The army's crackdown the military seems intent. On intensifying its pitiless policy of violence against the people of myanmar using military grade and indiscriminate weaponry. They're clear echoes of syria in two thousand eleven. He'd an investment are all but frozen just. Today a south korean steel-making giant called posco said it would hold plans for a joint venture. The country is fast heading toward becoming a failed state but both sides of the conflict are dug in determined and seemingly fearless. The burmese military is gunning down people from all walks of life. Charlie mccann is the economists. Southeast asia correspondent students activists taxi drivers even children. They've killed scores of children and even in the face of that danger. People are still protesting in in big numbers. Yeah that's right that's still demonstrating but these administrations have gotten much smaller. Since the military started cracking

Army Human Rights Commission Posco Myanmar UN Charlie Mccann Syria Southeast Asia
"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

The Economist: The Intelligence

07:54 min | Last month

"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

"Find other means of protest. The protesters are not giving up their continuing to demonstrate the streets despite the growing brutality of the army at the same time though they are also protesting a subtler way. Charlie mccann is the economists. Southeast asia correspondent she go to supermarkets corner stores across the country. It will be very difficult to buy a can of me and more beer. That's because we are beer is produced by a company partly owned by the army. So burmese all over. The country are boycotting myanmar beer and other products also produced by the army so for instance. The most popular brand of cigarette sim cards made by telecommunications company. Also owned by the army. And these boycotts along with a general strike are designed to disrupt the business of the government and ideally to cut off the junta's money supply and the hope that that will make them retreat. Just how important are those sources of income to the army. It's hard enough certain. Because the army's finances are notoriously opaque so to put this in context. The army wheels enormous economic clout so in addition to the defense budget which amounted to three billion dollars. Last year it also derives income from these two massive conglomerates me and mart you comic holdings ltd also known as mel and marty comet corporation or mac and their tentacles have a firm grip on many sectors in myanmar among them banking retail mining construction. So like i said it's hard to know exactly how much these companies contribute to. The army's finances mellon mac never published annual reports but one researcher studying the things that the revenue of the army generates from off budget. Economic activity is somewhere within the range of four hundred million to one point. Three billion dollars so in in that sense the protesters won't know just how much damage they're doing by boycotting these products. Yeah that's absolutely right. That doesn't mean they're not going to try though. We know anecdotally that. These army products aren't being sold in supermarkets and corner shops. Even if they were they wouldn't be bought. And it goes beyond that so laws of investors have been cutting ties with mel after being named and shamed by activists and taken together at the boycott the flight of foreign investment the strike which is paralyzing the country. That's doing a lot of damage to the economy. Since early february the currency mean martin chat has appreciated by about ten percent. The price of basic goods is biking in many parts of the country and the cost of fuel was increased by fifteen percent. And so what's the government doing to make up the shortfall. Well it's trying to access its foreign reserves so shortly after the coup central bank. Which by this time was in the hands of hunt attempted to bring home one billion dollars that it holds at the federal reserve bank and new york so american authorities intervened and blocked that transaction. Couple of weeks later. The government tried to sell two hundred billion chat worth of five-year bonds. Two hundred billion chats is about one hundred and forty million dollars it received just one bid for one point two million dollars worth and at a higher interest rate than normal ends. So the imf puts the government's reserves of foreign currency at six point. Seven billion dollars. That would be enough to buy it about five months of imports. A really important point because me and mar imports almost all of its fuel and cooking oil and other basic goods. You another sign of distress that it's in. Is that the central bank place limits on withdrawals on march first and on top of that. The government's going to have a really hard time driving revenue in the country so last year even before the coup the world bank projecting a budget deficit of eight percent this year and if the failed bond auction is any guide. The budget deficits only to become harder to finance as well so it sounds as if the government itself. The army clearly is running out of cash. You'd think looking at their balance sheets but this is the army were talking about. And they have other ways that they can generate income. The army has for decades been involved in the extraction and smuggling of jade other gems timber oil and gas and in addition to the profits. It can make from these illicit activities. The hunter can be sure that it will continue to get a minimum income from its state owned companies particularly those involved in the oil gas and mining sectors which astonishingly account for a bigger share of government revenue than tax does and given that. The honda doesn't have any problem with shooting. Its own citizens. We can reasonably assume that having problems about mismanaging the economy by for instance redirecting education budget the defense budget or ordering the central bank to print money. Inflation be damned. Isn't there the danger though that this social new way of protesting as you put. It is just going to create deeper economic hardship absolutely and the protesters know this better than anyone else. The ones i've spoken to have said they understand that by going on strike a refusing to buy army goods there helping to inflict damage on the economy. But that's a price willing to pay in order to get the army to reverse their coup. The trouble is is that after decades of enriching themselves the commander in chief and his cronies are a much better position to withstand the economic turmoil of the months to come charlie. Thanks very much for joining us. Thank you jason for more analysis like this from our international network of correspondents take out a subscription to the economist get great introductory deal at economist dot com slash intelligence offer. The link is in the show notes. Don't let things pass you by. I try to live for the future. Wish stronger together. The is journeys through pulmonary fibrosis schering hot warming and courageous stories from people affected by a lung condition. Listen for free. On your favorite podcast down tolls. Were an early human. Like species thought to have died out about forty thousand years ago. In some places they coexisted with modern humans ancestors which is to say that quite a few neanderthal genes are present in modern humans. Too of those jeans seem to be related to the body's immune system affecting the risk of developing diseases such as lupus crohn's diabetes and some of them affect how the human body fights covid nineteen lab. Researchers noticed that there were two areas of the genome that seems to be related to disease severity in covid nineteen thoughts. They actually from the neanderthal genome. Mat kaplan is a science correspondent for the economist. So these two groups of genes on the chromosomes which are known as haplotypes. One is on chromosome. Three and this haplotypes is bad. News for people if they have it and they get covid. Nineteen the other found on chromosome. Twelve is good news. Okay let's let's take these interns. Tell me about the.

Charlie mccann one billion dollars Seven billion dollars fifteen percent eight percent two million dollars three billion dollars jason four hundred million Nineteen early february Last year last year Twelve march first charlie Two hundred billion chats Three billion dollars five-year bonds mel and marty comet corporatio
"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

The Economist: The Intelligence

07:06 min | 2 months ago

"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

"On the demand side and again this is something we already sold before the pandemic domon strengthening for better more generous safety nets are that will only grow on the back of the pandemic experience whether the will is that is launching a political question and it's also a fiscal question but i am carefully hopeful because this past year has provided a live experiment of all sorts of policies that otherwise would have taken years to get the political backing for and so after all this experimentation. What are the lessons from the pandemic that you think should last. I think the most important goal here is just to ensure or cushion workers against certain shocks and just to make that a bit more practical and most of communists have argued that covered his shown the generosity of benefits should be pegged to the state of the economy so that when indeed were going through a mass period of shock and it's much harder to actually find a job benefits should be more generous. And when the economy's healthy again then you can make them a bit. Less generous against more flexibility in the welfare system to short revamped post covid social safety net would on the one hand provide enough flexibility to incentivize work but also have a state that wasn't afraid to step in when disaster hits and crucially estate that would also invest in human capital in childcare in health in educating the next generation as well as rescaling older workers today and that second element is important because just bringing out a huge umbrella on the stormiest days won't be enough. Thanks very much for your time. Sasha for more analysis like this from our international network of correspondents take out a subscription to the economist get a great introductory deal at economist dot com slash intelligence offer. The link is in the show notes. The pandemic has been an exercise in subtraction. For some there are the voids left by loved ones who have succumbed to covid. Nineteen for others. The voids were school or a job used to be and then there are the smaller things that are missing. I feel myself to be a touchy feely hyper person. That's larry a sixty two year old accountant who lives alone in chicago. He has some health problems. So since the city i went into lockdown last march. He's mostly stayed home by himself. I very rarely have come into contact with anybody that i know not having a hug and not having. You know slaps on the back from friends. It's it's been challenging. I also have realized sense. Kobe has happened. Just how important. The miscellaneous connections. Are you know you. you shake somebody's hand A nurse takes your blood pressure. I remember going to the doctor after like about six months of not being around anybody in the nurse took my blood pressure and it was like. Oh i you know i. It was just like wow boy have. I missed this. The absence of human contact this past year as affected lots of us. And it's drawing attention to a sense that's often overlooked. Touch is the first of our senses to develop and the only one necessary for human survival. Charlie mccann rights for the economist. And it's based in singapore without it. We wouldn't be able to sit upright or even feel pain. It also keeps us healthier and form close relationships. How so how does touch connect with all of that. Humans are social animals and like other social animals. They have developed a neurological system that is designed to respond to affectionate touch. So when you caress. The skin activates this dedicated nerve fiber and when that happens it lights up of rain which are responsible for pleasure and that in turn releases is cocktail of hormones so dopamine serotonin oxytocin and that susaring zaidi and makes us feel a whole lot happier but also has a whole raft of other positive health effects so for instance touched presses levels of cortisol. This hormone is produced in response to stress. And when you have lots of cortisol that smothers are really important. Kind of white blood cell known as natural killer cells the called up because they attack viruses and bacteria so perhaps it's not surprising that in two thousand fourteen researchers at carnegie mellon university observed that healthy adults who were hugged more frequently less likely to get colds. And what happens then in the absence of touch also just as touch is good for us. The lack of it can be damaging studies of infants. That even after you control for factors like poverty and quality of medical care the lack of touch leads to a broad range of developmental problems so as an example children who aren't cuddled tentative out certain cognitive skills later than their peers and they may even become more aggressive. And it's not bad for just children so without regular contact people become skin hungary a state in which they experienced less touch than they want. The few studies have been done into skin. Hunger suggests that it is harmful for example it's been linked to depression stress anxiety disorders and secondary immune disorders too. And this skin. Hunger is something that's come about because of the pandemic. i'm afraid not. This problem has been around for a while. The reasons are various so in recent decades the number of people living alone has shot up and a lot of rich countries and people are spending more and more time online. I talked to a professor of philosophy at boston. College called richard cuny. And he's talking about what he calls a crisis of touch which is fueled by something he calls x. carnation the process in which people are forging these connections in these virtual worlds. But to do so requires us to leave our bodies behind the worst than people who are aware of this problem and trying to fix it. Before the pandemic and america young people in cities have been going to what's called cuddle parties. Where the idea is you. Just sort of drape yourself over another stranger and hope that will banish loneliness and twenty fifteen. A company called cut list was founded which trains cuddle therapists cuddled.

chicago Sasha last march cut list singapore america carnegie mellon university twenty fifteen Kobe Nineteen about six months second element richard cuny first two thousand fourteen research sixty two year old Charlie mccann this past year today one
"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

The Economist: The Intelligence

06:25 min | 3 months ago

"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

"Once every five years with much pomp and pageantry the bombs communist leadership convenes in a national party congress thirteenth. One again in the capital hanoi. This week the expectation is that there will be a raft of stamp policies and new party leaders john despite the country's relatively low kobe numbers and positive economic performance. The party's position outside. The national conference center is weaker than it seems at the national party congress. They discuss issues confronting vietnam. They set policy and they elect the central committee. Politburo and the four top jobs. Charlie mccann is our southeast asia correspondent among them the most powerful job in the country. That is the party. Secretary-general and what's the overall tone at the congress. This time around pretty self. Congratulatory parties had a good year. They've handled the pandemic pretty well. Had just over fifteen hundred cases and fewer than fifty deaths and the economy actually grew by three percent but there's still a lot of disquiet and the party and indeed in the public disquiet in the party in the form of some kind of opposition. There's no organized opposition. Nobody's going to supplant the communist party anytime soon and ever since the nineteen eighties. When the country embarked on the transition from a century planned economy to market one the party has state its legitimacy on rising incomes on his ability to increase prosperity. And it's done that over. Four decades vietnam has transformed from one of the poorest countries in the world to middle income manufacturing powerhouse. But if you look beyond. Those headline figures are causes for concern. The economy has been growing at about seven percent. The last several years and the economy needs to reach that level of growth to keep the labor market. It's not clear that it can do so however at the same time as you have this depressed. Economic growth inequality is rising and social mobility is declining. okay that's about formal opposition parties but you mentioned disquiet among the public as well. What's happening. They're vietnamese can't express their discontent through politics. Because opposition parties are banned but informal criticism is growing. There are a lot of vietnamese. Social media users about sixty five million out of a total population of one hundred million according to our social british firm as level of education has improved in the country and more and more people have access to the internet. they've been exposed to values that are antithetical to the communist paradise that the regime is trying to build these values like democracy and human rights and they can express views on social media and so it's that disquiet than in the public that's causing the disquiet in the party. I mean how is the house. The party dealt with that space for criticism harshly. They have cracked down over the past five years. They've arrested two hundred eighty people for quote anti-state activities up from sixty eight in the previous five year period instructed the serum press to scrub phrases like civil society and human rights from their pages and in the months leading up to the national congress. This crackdown has intensified earlier. This month day sentenced three freelance journalists famous for criticizing the government to between eleven and fifteen years in prison. It's a lot easier to shoot off an angry tweet or facebook post than it is to organize in vietnam where protest is technically illegal but actually there have been a lot of protests in real life over the last several years so in two thousand eighteen for instance tens of thousands of vietnamese took to the streets. Because they're angry about a proposed law that they were worried would allow chinese companies to lease special economic zones for a ninety nine years as a lot of anti chinese sentiment in vietnam. Because there's a lot of concern that chinese infringing on their offering sovereignty and the protests so violent angry there were clashes between the police and protesters. The government eventually abandoned this law so a good pandemic response and the economic growth. That comes with that somewhat offset by this discontent. What else is on party leaders minds. Ironically trade is going to be a worry as well and i say -ironically because trade is a is a massive driver of economic growth. It is through trade. That vietnam has been able to transform itself into manufacturing powerhouse and yet at the same time it gives its export markets leverage over the government. So for instance in order to get the eu to agree to free trade deal last year. Vietnam had to agree to abolish forced labor and allow the creation of independent labor unions which was a massive concession but surely concerns such as that aren't limited to the you know means the party officials have to think very carefully about their relations with both china its biggest trade partner and the us biggest export market. The trump administration came down really hard on vietnam labeled it. A currency manipulator late last year and trump has described vietnam quote. Almost a single worst abuser of everybody for that reason. So the party will be very keen to rebuild the relationship with the biden administration. But at the same time i can't be seen to cozy up too closely to the us for fear of offending china. With whom it has an incredibly important relationship you know. Shares ideology shares along land border and they have an important trade relationship you know. China is largest source of materials and equipment for vietnam manufacturing industry so that it's a tricky balancing act required of party officials to get that relationship right so whoever emerges from the congress secretary general. There won't be much time for celebrating. He's gonna have a lengthy to do list.

three percent hanoi Charlie mccann tens of thousands last year one hundred million two thousand Vietnam both This week two hundred eighty people nineteen eighties over fifteen hundred cases ninety nine years about sixty five million about seven percent four top jobs late last year sixty eight vietnamese
Party down: Vietnams Communist leaders meet

The Economist: The Intelligence

06:25 min | 3 months ago

Party down: Vietnams Communist leaders meet

"Once every five years with much pomp and pageantry the bombs communist leadership convenes in a national party congress thirteenth. One again in the capital hanoi. This week the expectation is that there will be a raft of stamp policies and new party leaders john despite the country's relatively low kobe numbers and positive economic performance. The party's position outside. The national conference center is weaker than it seems at the national party congress. They discuss issues confronting vietnam. They set policy and they elect the central committee. Politburo and the four top jobs. Charlie mccann is our southeast asia correspondent among them the most powerful job in the country. That is the party. Secretary-general and what's the overall tone at the congress. This time around pretty self. Congratulatory parties had a good year. They've handled the pandemic pretty well. Had just over fifteen hundred cases and fewer than fifty deaths and the economy actually grew by three percent but there's still a lot of disquiet and the party and indeed in the public disquiet in the party in the form of some kind of opposition. There's no organized opposition. Nobody's going to supplant the communist party anytime soon and ever since the nineteen eighties. When the country embarked on the transition from a century planned economy to market one the party has state its legitimacy on rising incomes on his ability to increase prosperity. And it's done that over. Four decades vietnam has transformed from one of the poorest countries in the world to middle income manufacturing powerhouse. But if you look beyond. Those headline figures are causes for concern. The economy has been growing at about seven percent. The last several years and the economy needs to reach that level of growth to keep the labor market. It's not clear that it can do so however at the same time as you have this depressed. Economic growth inequality is rising and social mobility is declining. okay that's about formal opposition parties but you mentioned disquiet among the public as well. What's happening. They're vietnamese can't express their discontent through politics. Because opposition parties are banned but informal criticism is growing. There are a lot of vietnamese. Social media users about sixty five million out of a total population of one hundred million according to our social british firm as level of education has improved in the country and more and more people have access to the internet. they've been exposed to values that are antithetical to the communist paradise that the regime is trying to build these values like democracy and human rights and they can express views on social media and so it's that disquiet than in the public that's causing the disquiet in the party. I mean how is the house. The party dealt with that space for criticism harshly. They have cracked down over the past five years. They've arrested two hundred eighty people for quote anti-state activities up from sixty eight in the previous five year period instructed the serum press to scrub phrases like civil society and human rights from their pages and in the months leading up to the national congress. This crackdown has intensified earlier. This month day sentenced three freelance journalists famous for criticizing the government to between eleven and fifteen years in prison. It's a lot easier to shoot off an angry tweet or facebook post than it is to organize in vietnam where protest is technically illegal but actually there have been a lot of protests in real life over the last several years so in two thousand eighteen for instance tens of thousands of vietnamese took to the streets. Because they're angry about a proposed law that they were worried would allow chinese companies to lease special economic zones for a ninety nine years as a lot of anti chinese sentiment in vietnam. Because there's a lot of concern that chinese infringing on their offering sovereignty and the protests so violent angry there were clashes between the police and protesters. The government eventually abandoned this law so a good pandemic response and the economic growth. That comes with that somewhat offset by this discontent. What else is on party leaders minds. Ironically trade is going to be a worry as well and i say -ironically because trade is a is a massive driver of economic growth. It is through trade. That vietnam has been able to transform itself into manufacturing powerhouse and yet at the same time it gives its export markets leverage over the government. So for instance in order to get the eu to agree to free trade deal last year. Vietnam had to agree to abolish forced labor and allow the creation of independent labor unions which was a massive concession but surely concerns such as that aren't limited to the you know means the party officials have to think very carefully about their relations with both china its biggest trade partner and the us biggest export market. The trump administration came down really hard on vietnam labeled it. A currency manipulator late last year and trump has described vietnam quote. Almost a single worst abuser of everybody for that reason. So the party will be very keen to rebuild the relationship with the biden administration. But at the same time i can't be seen to cozy up too closely to the us for fear of offending china. With whom it has an incredibly important relationship you know. Shares ideology shares along land border and they have an important trade relationship you know. China is largest source of materials and equipment for vietnam manufacturing industry so that it's a tricky balancing act required of party officials to get that relationship right so whoever emerges from the congress secretary general. There won't be much time for celebrating. He's gonna have a lengthy to do list.

Vietnam National Conference Center Congress Charlie Mccann Politburo National Party Central Committee Hanoi Asia John National Congress Facebook Biden Administration China EU Donald Trump United States
"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

The Economist: The Intelligence

06:13 min | 3 months ago

"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

"Much pomp and pageantry the bombs communist leadership convenes in a national party congress thirteenth. One again in the capital hanoi. This week the expectation is that there will be a raft of stamp policies and new party leaders john despite the country's relatively low kobe numbers and positive economic performance. The party's position outside. The national conference center is weaker than it seems at the national party congress. They discuss issues confronting vietnam. They set policy and they elect the central committee. Politburo and the four top jobs. Charlie mccann is our southeast asia correspondent among them the most powerful job in the country. That is the party. Secretary-general and what's the overall tone at the congress. This time around pretty self. Congratulatory parties had a good year. They've handled the pandemic pretty well. Had just over fifteen hundred cases and fewer than fifty deaths and the economy actually grew by three percent but there's still a lot of disquiet and the party and indeed in the public disquiet in the party in the form of some kind of opposition. There's no organized opposition. Nobody's going to supplant the communist party anytime soon and ever since the nineteen eighties. When the country embarked on the transition from a century planned economy to market one the party has state its legitimacy on rising incomes on his ability to increase prosperity. And it's done that over. Four decades vietnam has transformed from one of the poorest countries in the world to middle income manufacturing powerhouse. But if you look beyond. Those headline figures are causes for concern. The economy has been growing at about seven percent. The last several years and the economy needs to reach that level of growth to keep the labor market. It's not clear that it can do so however at the same time as you have this depressed. Economic growth inequality is rising and social mobility is declining. okay that's about formal opposition parties but you mentioned disquiet among the public as well. What's happening. They're vietnamese can't express their discontent through politics. Because opposition parties are banned but informal criticism is growing. There are a lot of vietnamese. Social media users about sixty five million out of a total population of one hundred million according to our social british firm as level of education has improved in the country and more and more people have access to the internet. they've been exposed to values that are antithetical to the communist paradise that the regime is trying to build these values like democracy and human rights and they can express views on social media and so it's that disquiet than in the public that's causing the disquiet in the party. I mean how is the house. The party dealt with that space for criticism harshly. They have cracked down over the past five years. They've arrested two hundred eighty people for quote anti-state activities up from sixty eight in the previous five year period instructed the serum press to scrub phrases like civil society and human rights from their pages and in the months leading up to the national congress. This crackdown has intensified earlier. This month day sentenced three freelance journalists famous for criticizing the government to between eleven and fifteen years in prison. It's a lot easier to shoot off an angry tweet or facebook post than it is to organize in vietnam where protest is technically illegal but actually there have been a lot of protests in real life over the last several years so in two thousand eighteen for instance tens of thousands of vietnamese took to the streets. Because they're angry about a proposed law that they were worried would allow chinese companies to lease special economic zones for a ninety nine years as a lot of anti chinese sentiment in vietnam. Because there's a lot of concern that chinese infringing on their offering sovereignty and the protests so violent angry there were clashes between the police and protesters. The government eventually abandoned this law so a good pandemic response and the economic growth. That comes with that somewhat offset by this discontent. What else is on party leaders minds. Ironically trade is going to be a worry as well and i say -ironically because trade is a is a massive driver of economic growth. It is through trade. That vietnam has been able to transform itself into manufacturing powerhouse and yet at the same time it gives its export markets leverage over the government. So for instance in order to get the eu to agree to free trade deal last year. Vietnam had to agree to abolish forced labor and allow the creation of independent labor unions which was a massive concession but surely concerns such as that aren't limited to the you know means the party officials have to think very carefully about their relations with both china its biggest trade partner and the us biggest export market. The trump administration came down really hard on vietnam labeled it. A currency manipulator late last year and trump has described vietnam quote. Almost a single worst abuser of everybody for that reason. So the party will be very keen to rebuild the relationship with the biden administration. But at the same time i can't be seen to cozy up too closely to the us for fear of offending china. With whom it has an incredibly important relationship you know. Shares ideology shares along land border and they have an important trade relationship you know. China is largest source of materials and equipment for vietnam manufacturing industry so that it's a tricky balancing act required of party officials to get that relationship right so.

three percent hanoi Charlie mccann tens of thousands last year one hundred million two thousand Vietnam both This week two hundred eighty people nineteen eighties over fifteen hundred cases ninety nine years about sixty five million about seven percent four top jobs late last year sixty eight vietnamese
"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

The Economist: The Intelligence

08:07 min | 6 months ago

"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

"This weekend. The people of myanmar will head to the polls. It's widely expected that on san suu cheese ruling. Ldp party will win and that miss soon. She will return as leader in the run-up to the vote. Politicians have been campaigning in person and online that digital presence has become something of a liability independent. Social media monitors have recorded growing volumes of disinformation particularly facebook which is used by more than two out of five brings people as their primary news source while the social media company says it's monitoring has pushed hate speech to near historic lows. Much may still be slipping through. That's partially because of just how successful. The company has been at drawing burmese people onto its platform maomao. Cha is a twenty seven year old from myanmar. He vividly remembers the day and twenty twelve when he got his first mobile phone. Charlie mccann is the economists southeast asia correspondent at the time the country was just opening up after decades of rule by a military junta. Zilin government ended the media censorship of the previous era and liberalized telecommunications sector which meant that sim cards which had ones cost as much as two thousand dollars dropped in price quite significantly so when it came time for mammo- child to pick up his sim card. He he shelled out like three hundred bucks and he got his phone and he took it to the university where he was studying and just showed it off to all his friends and he told me that he felt a little bit. Like a star at the time and so with that that sudden wide availability of of phones and sim cards to people. What what changes to that bring people could access the internet and meant that they could also get up on social media memo. How shaw when he got his phone. He found that facebook was pre installed on it and that was very common. Facebook really did its darndest to muscle in the market as the country was opening up and in two thousand sixteen at ruled out. It's free basics program which gave users who signed up for a facebook account free access to limit number of websites so facebook was basically giving people who sign up for free internet and this was a remarkably successful initiatives. Facebook now has twenty seven billion users in mar which is equivalent to almost half of the population it is by far dominant social media platform in the country to the point that it is common to find mobile phone users who don't understand that the internet actually exists beyond what's available through facebook so well people suddenly had access to the internet. The ultimately only access a thin slice of it. Yeah absolutely and for two out of five facebook users in myanmar and the platform is their primary source of news and a lot of users are are coming across is hate speech and and misinformation particularly on the themes of race and religion since two thousand twelve. A buddhist nationalist movement has created a virtual community on facebook which is bound together by a fear that muslims are going to take over the country and jeopardize the survival of of the buddhist faith. Fear which we saw expressed miss shockingly in twenty seventeen when burmese military and mobs of buddhists attacked the villages of an ethnic muslim minority hinges and caused over seven hundred thousand of them to flee to neighboring bangladesh. Since then we haven't seen this kind of hate. Speech debate at all government figures and generals routinely post messages at diminish the suffering hinge or deny them their right to live in the country and as the country has geared up for selection on november eighth. There has been growing amount of disinformation claiming for instance on suci whose the defacto leader in mar has died of covid. But i mean. Is this any any different in scope or death to kind of misinformation we see elsewhere in the world. No but i think for various societal reasons. some burmese are highly susceptible to this kind of content. The education system places emphasis on on learning by rote critical thinking is absent from curriculum and private students of the skills necessary to distinguish fact from fiction. At the same time myanmar's a supremely piratical society and a lot of the most offensive posts are often ridden by powerful figures. I'm senior buddhist. Monks to top generals. Some burmese though. Do see the hate in lies. So is that to say that facebook has has done something about the misinformation and and And made it easier to get to the good stuff. Facebook argues that it's doing much more than it was previously to combat this kind of abuse. It has banned some prominent monks and generals from the platform. It has an artificial intelligence system Trained in the burmese language. Which along with human monitors scrub the platform of abusive content and it was also temporarily expanded. Its definition of hate speech to encompass not merely attacks against muslims say but also attacks against religions like islam. the are reasons skepticism though the platform has set itself a goal of removing offensive content within twenty four hours of its posting. But you know if a post is up for twelve hours twenty four hours it can still be seen by lots of people. And facebook's is trained. Only in burmese not in any of the Many minority languages which are spoken by about forty percent of the population. So they're catching much more there nonetheless missing lots at. How do you see all this playing into the election. That the quantity and the consumption of all this misinformation and hate speech so like right says at least facebook trying to do something about this hate speech. The government is not interested in in the healing divisions in society by promoting the idea that me and mar belongs to all its residents and nor is it particularly incident cracking down on hate speech and disinformation coming from both sides. The political divide from the supporters of the the army and its proxy party and also From supporters of the national league for democracy the party of amazon suci much of this content is intended to undermine support for the election. So we'll have to see how strong turnout is on the eighth. Charlie thank you very much for your time. Thank you jason for more on the ground analysis like this from our international network of correspondents subscribed to the economist to get the best introductory offer wherever you are just go to economist dot com slash intelligence offer. The link is in the show notes. I think people will read my most recent book. Don't make up their own minds whether they agree with it or not and they can make judgments accordingly last week. My colleague and mckelway spoke to john bolton president trump's former national security adviser on our sister show. The economist asks one topic of conversation list. Mr bolton's the room where it happened behind the scenes look at the inner workings of the administration. I think it's important for the american people to know what actually goes on in the government without any sugar coating so i don't Apologize for writing about the truth. His was one of many political biographies this year related to time spent in the trump white house and like so many others. It sold quite well a change from years past the past by biographies or.

facebook myanmar Charlie mccann san suu Ldp asia bangladesh Mr bolton Cha shaw covid amazon trump president jason mckelway army
"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

The Economist: The Intelligence

08:12 min | 8 months ago

"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

"Children. Ot Man? Okay. But. They also raped Muslim women. He lists name name of his superiors as he recounts the rapes. There were a lot of them. He says he cannot remember them. We all. Give you. The emotional testimony which emerged this week is haunting. Shocking. But, it's entirely in line with allegations that have been made for years against me on Moore's military. In twenty seventeen, the army went on a rampage in Rockin state home to the row hinder a Muslim ethnic minority. Stories, emerged of soldiers burning whole villages to the ground after unspeakable violence to the residents being the came at am and hacked my husband to death. I witnessed this they had to move the long knife the row hinder fled in staggering numbers more than seven hundred thousand spilled into neighboring Bangladesh where many still remain. The army claimed to be putting down a row Hindu rebellion that military abuses were just false rumors. But testimony from private ton and another soldier claiming similar orders from on high makes these horrific allegations harder to deny. Private. Museum. Win Tun and private zoning ton art to Burmese soldiers who are currently being. Questioned by the International Criminal Court for their role in the persecution of the hinge. Charlie McCann as our South East Asia correspondent. They say that they participated in the massacre of a number of Ryan. one of them was involved in the rape of a woman and taken together. That may be responsible for the killing of some hundred eighty Ranjha. It's a striking moment because this is the first time that Burmese soldiers have openly confessed to the atrocious acts that were committed in two thousand seventeen in state and how have these confessions come to. Two videos have surfaced in these videos the soldiers recount the crimes that they say that they committed and twenty seven. Through Like she I should be MIMEA Donald. Meal Win Tun she were in the kind of monotone. He talks about how he? Disputed the massacre of thirty civilians, women, children elderly among them and help to bury them in mass graves Tzaneen ton said that his battalion wiped out about twenty Muslim villages and that he stood century while his superiors raped several women, it doesn't. Mathilde. Oa Genoa. But they. All. Say that they are there as part of what the Burmese rb calls clearance operations. which raised many Ranjha villages and led to the exodus of about seven hundred and forty thousand hinge. into neighboring Bangladesh, where do these videos come from? There were filmed in July by the American army, which is a rebel militia which has been engaged in fierce fighting with the Burmese army for the last year and a half. And this week the New York Times and Canadian Broadcasting Corporation reported their confessions and the fact that these two soldiers are now in The Hague, being questioned by the ICC. How they wound up in the Hague is still unclear according to the American army's commander. The two soldiers deserted the Tatmadaw, which is the name for the Burmese military and the arrogant army says they help them to escape last month we know they crossed the border into Bangladesh they asked for protection from the Bangladeshi government and the lawyer involved in another case against Myanmar at the International Court of Justice has told me that the icy sea prevailed upon the Bangladeshi authorities to have the two soldiers sent to the icy sea in The Hague for questioning. But allegations of this sort of a about these kinds of atrocities have been widespread since since the campaign against the ranch started why why is this so significant? The Burmese government did form a panel to investigate. Of Human Rights Abuses and rock kind stay in two thousand seventeen. And it did conclude that war crimes had taken place. The. Burmese. Courts have also convicted seven soldiers for killing ten hinges in that period. But otherwise, the Burmese authorities have failed to properly investigate the council of human rights abuses gathered from fleeing religion gender and have not punished nearly enough the government. implausibly that any harm inflicted on civilians. was neither orchestrated from on high nor systematic, but unfortunate side effect army's pursuit of armed Mahindra rebels. This testimony to the contrary from these two Burmese defectors marks a significant strengthening of the evidence against these Burmese generals. So why is this video come out now? Then if if the the military has sort of closed, closed its ranks and and claimed to have taken care of the the backers, it's not surprising that the deserters from the Burmese army in which conditions for low ranking soldiers are are poor. It is suspicious that the American army. was involved in in. Producing these videos The American army has an interest in portraying the Tatmadaw as as bad actors and the Burmese military which says that they have viewed the videos and analyze them. says. The claims of these soldiers are false and that their confessions were probably made under duress. Without, said the evidence gathered By the UN suggests that the two soldiers battalions as well as other units they mentioned in their statements did commit a cities in state and twenty seventeen and The New York Times interviewed several locals, kind state who verified the locations of of the mass graves. That the soldiers mentioned in their confessions. So there's good reason to think that their statements are credible. and. So what happens now you say there's this interplay between the International Criminal, court and the International Court of Justice what what happens with these revelations now? So the SEC looks that crimes committed by individuals whereas the C. J., the International Court of Justice looks at crimes committed by countries both courts will be very interested in the testimony of these two soldiers. The difficulty with the ICJ case is that the prosecution will need to establish not just that widespread atrocities took place. In other words that genocide took place but that there was intent to commit genocide. In other words that there. A deliberate policy on the part of the army to to get rid of the hinge. The. Men's claims that in different parts, raccoon state and under different commanders, there are both instructed to kill all hinges and they say that their commanders instructed them to literally exterminate the Ranjha. All that points in the direction of genocidal intent as Michael Becker who's lower used.

Burmese army American army International Court of Justice army Bangladesh International Criminal Court Burmese government rape commander Tatmadaw Oa Genoa Charlie McCann Canadian Broadcasting Corporat MIMEA Donald Moore Ranjha The New York Times UN Michael Becker
"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

The Economist: The Intelligence

04:47 min | 9 months ago

"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

"Jazzy cabin music, stale air, and endless security lines. Well, you're out of luck, but there is one aspect of air travel that you can experience from the comfort of your couch. Amuse you to learn that you can actually buy the food that you have on a plane and have it delivered to your Home Charlie McCann is the economists Southeast Asia correspondent isn't just for the diehard aviation. GEEKS. Who Really Miss Flying these in-flight meals are actually finding a market on the ground. So what exactly is on offer here? Well, if you're in Indonesia Garamba, national airline will deliver some nausea Mac, your home, and they'll serve it with plastic cutlery on a tray just as it is on a plane. If you're in Malaysia a company called Santan which is owned by Air Asia cells, Malays staples like befriend Dang and. Tie Airways sells more ambitious meals of stir stir-fry tiger prawns and enjoy lamb chops and adventurous Australian cannot for mystery meals from gate. With alluring choices of bulk main meals, combination or vegetarian combination paps, and there's there's genuine. WHO's buying it? Yeah. This has been a moneymaker for caterers as I discovered while researching this piece, there is a hardcore group of grammars. Who regularly post pictures of planes, pictures of in-flight Menu cards magazines, and we're super into airplane culture, even a Hashtag called food plane porn, and so this group of people along with others who are sort of curious about these promotions have been buying these meals. santan sells about seven hundred meals a day another company called snap fresh roughly twice that PT era food which is grew to supplier is actually so pleased with a retail wing that plans on opening restaurants in three major Indonesian cities as early as September. You know if you look grew other Indonesian airline, it's a far cry from eight eighty, thousand, ninety, thousand meals. They normally serve each day but every little bit helps. But at the end of the day, this is this is airline food universally derided as therapy food right there response has been mixed. One reviewer I spoke to is not a fan of plain foods. But when he saw how cheap the meals served by gate gourmet are they are on average range in price from one eighty to two dollars per meal he thought he couldn't resist. It was a bargain. So he tried the Italian Pasta which was just too cheesy and no good. As he said, and the beef got was very oily and very salty right? Because airline caterers boost the amount of salt. In these meals that when you're eating altitude, you can actually taste something. By the same token though another reviewer who had another dish from gateway. Chicken Mongo Curry said the I would consider flying to somewhere just eat this. and. What about you? Are you going to be filling your freezer with stuff? I. Don't think. So I, think that one of the positives, one of the positive aspects to lot to pandemic has been that. I haven't had to eat plain food and to be honest if my partner who is the main chef in our household saw the islands. Ordering Plain. Food and not eating his food he wouldn't be too pleased. It would be plainly insulting. Charlie. Thanks very much for your time. All for this episode of the intelligence if you like us give us a rating on Apple podcasts and see you back here tomorrow..

Charlie McCann economists Southeast Asia Air Asia gate gourmet Indonesia Garamba Tie Airways Malaysia Mongo Curry Santan Apple partner
"charlie mccann" Discussed on MyTalk 107.1

MyTalk 107.1

11:55 min | 1 year ago

"charlie mccann" Discussed on MyTalk 107.1

"At the top of every hour on my talk on seven one tell us every somebody go look at Kim Kardashian or Instagram account for crying out loud she says look at me in her white bikini is perhaps chaps redoing chaps lately well she is and I don't understand chaps at all it's like priceless paintings other chaps have you know they have to use when you're right right now if your account boy chapter functional but it was even weirder chaps today happy even call themselves cowboys we somebody quest we suggest they're still out there other than like at magic Mike in the chip but they're still wearing caps there I guess motorcycle riders use traps right like right now yes again because it's actual protective gear Kim Kardashian squatting in front of a car I guess it could be protective gear of a different sort but I don't know somebody go I don't know good luck to her I have if you were a fan of the NBC show smash the good news for you the TV series about the backstage drama of a Broadway show is actually eyeing a Broadway run it's called smashing new musical and it's setting its sights on Broadway with the producing team that includes Steven Spielberg now Broadway is not producing any new shows right now or anything really but I saw the price I remember the show calling because I think we watched it first couple episodes yeah I think you watched it longer than I did but you know Katharine McPhee was in the house yeah you know cool well I'm trying to excite you it's not your fault Holly it is the world we're living in right now right well this is exciting because everybody likes Rick Moranis cracks Rick Moranis yes likable guy is a likable guy well he's over on twenty I shrunk the kids well he's going to be back I think for that movie in some iteration and he's over in Disney plus right now on their show called prop culture to reflect on his time on honey I shrunk the kids that this is a show on Disney plus that goes behind the scenes of some of your favorite Disney movies and talks about all the props and the things that it took to create the movie magic and that movie well when the kids were trying to use giant size Cheerios yes there's Rick Moranis talking about it if you want to go catch up with you I will say that there was a time at Disney world at what was used to be called MGM studios and then became Hollywood studios there was like a back lot area where they had a honey I shrunk the kids Leyland go up like small ones it was super fun and they didn't stick around very long probably because the movie didn't you know didn't retain the popularity but I just remember thinking that was so cool because you got the feeling of what it probably felt like when you when they were shooting that movie yeah totally alright that's all there is this our for more to get my took one of seven one dot com or download the my talk out good stuff is stuff I talked earlier at the top of every hour and eight twenty twelve twenty and five twenty on my top one of seven one concern the Q. you concern just need to pass the Mike campaign this was announced yesterday and it involves some of your favorite celebrities giving up their social media platforms this is becoming a Bradley show my talk one of seven one streaming live my talk one of seven one dot com everything entertainment Colleen Lindstrom Bradley trainer hi okay so this is okay I got a call that hash tag pass the Mike campaign and it is in cooperation with one what is it called one something another one one world campaign and edit and what it does is it asks some well known celebrities to give over their social media accounts their Instagram their Facebook or Twitter accounts for one day to frontline workers and other health and economic experts and the point of it is to allow the the vast public the followers of these celebrities to get an opportunity to hear directly from people who are on the frontlines of fighting over nineteen yeah to hear the reality because there's so much misinformation out there yep you know I saw this announcement and my first response was wow what a creative and awesome thing to do yep and then my second thought was hello sad why do you say that because how sad is it that this is how we think people will listen to frontline workers I two scientists who are working very hard fighting and and you know helping people with cover nineteen how sad is it that this is the way that we're going to listen to them meeting people should just do this on their own without having to go to school I mean it would be nice right but this is the world we live in and of course they have loud voices they have very well followed social media accounts I I you know I do think it's brilliant away I'm curious I don't know anything about the stars that they're actually picking other than the faces I'm looking at in the article which you know you've got some A. list folks there including but not limited to our very own Minnesota's Anderson is on this list troops like here let me just give you a couple of those celebrities Connie Britton David Oyelowo I'm sorry just come Parker busy Philipps Rita Wilson robin Wright I'm most famously Julia Roberts I you know and I think those are all laudable and great I really want and hope that a part of this campaign would involve like Bonnie Joe McCracken on tick tock who has a billion followers and I just made that name up Charlie McCann Charlie d'amelio huge huge tech talker you will see what add a note member by the way we talk about that what I was making up fake names okay said Bonnie McCracken right and then I thought of the governor who went online to read all the kids that were graduating from high school in red hue what was not Hugh yeah it was you but the last very very easy C. R. A. C. read that name out loud best ever anyway my point is that I want this campaign to reach the people not that are like already because I guarantee those people not that this is not useful or helpful but I I very much imagine that people like Julia Roberts who fought the people who follow Julia Roberts probably are already hearing from a very thoughtful Julia Roberts about this issue right so they're they're getting some additional information but I really want them to focus and maybe they are and I just don't know that our other campaigns are doing this focus sharing that knowledge with the audiences that are not generally hearing these messages I think that's the hardest part right because like you said in all likelihood the people who are giving over their social media accounts are already people who are speaking intelligently or have a perspective and so this might be a little preaching to the choir yeah I mean that's exactly what I mean because because the people I'm worried about are the people who think that this is like that that have the biggest frustration I have but I think our frustration that I notice and that I think we are more susceptible to notice because of what we do for a living is that people silo the idea that you are going to react to a scientific event based on like where you hang out on the internet is weird to me right yeah like I I'd get my news from this bubble over here I live in this social media bubble over here and I wish we didn't have to like do things that way because I think that it then sets up these weird situations where you're only willing to listen to certain people give you information right so like I want I want like the CDC or whoever is putting this together to be talking to the people who are actually the least likely to want to hear it right in a way that they are likely to hear it which is sad to your point about being sad but it's still necessary because I don't care if the local like just saying those people are dumb for not heeding scientific advice is not helpful right because they need to hear that advice because it will save their lives and I don't care if like I I hear a lot of people say things like oh I hope they just get it and die like because then they'll learn that they were wrong yeah that is not helpful yeah I mean I could go on a whole other rant about this but my my the thing that makes me the most sad about the way we are reacting right now to to covet nineteen at Yahoo I'm sort of the measures that have been taken in order to try to flatten the curve I feel like we've lost sight of the fact that that's what we were trying to do in the first place yeah all along did we not that like the better we are at this that more people will say we didn't need to do that and the problem is we've lost sight of that and I think the thing that is making me the most sad as as that this is the case that they're using celebrities to get messages across well I think it's a good idea the thing that makes me sad about it is when did we get to as a culture be so so self focused well I know I know it sounds so stupid I would say it out loud stupid but it does look like it just makes me sad it just makes me sad and again while I think this is actually really a great idea and I think it will give people who might not otherwise be exposed to some of these these covert nineteen experts a platform and opportunity to hear what they have to say while I believe all of that is true I'm also sad that it is that that makes a lot of sadness to go around to put this on the pile yeah yeah when we come back on the Colina Bradley selling shoes for those of you out here I'm not able to hear smell that when we come back okay we have to talk about what's going on with mama June oh god we have signs of life well for mama June he's back on the radar I'm gonna tell you I actually think she's doing the thing that most dealers celebrities should be doing right now we'll talk about it after this on my talk one of seven one you don't.

Kim Kardashian Instagram
"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

The Economist: The Intelligence

08:05 min | 1 year ago

"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

"Took on Tuesday. A driver for the world. Health Organization was killed in rock kind state in Myanmar. After his car was hit by gunfire the attack took place in a region where government troops have been locked in fierce fighting with the Arakan Army which wants greater autonomy for the state and for the kind of Arakan people countries including Britain and America have called for an end to fighting amid the cove nineteen pandemic but clashes have intensified governments. Flailing response seems to be boosting. The Arakan Army and the and army declared a month-long ceasefire but it was rejected by the government as unrealistic. Charlie McCann Economists Southeast Asia correspondent fighting between the army and the Burmese military has escalated over the last two months as has a war of words that they've been fighting. Each group has blamed the other for firing at the. Who car which was carrying swabs from patients to be tested for Krona virus. So this conflict get it start then. The conflict erupted on January fourth. Two Thousand Nineteen not coincidentally Myanmar's Independence Day about three hundred and fifty fighters from the army attacked for police posts in northern. Rakhine state killing thirteen officers. Now there had been skirmishes between the American army and the Burmese military before that but the insurgents had never been quite so brazen in response the government. Which of course is led by Aung San Succi a Nobel Peace Prize winner instructed the army to crush the rebels and the military has since deployed an estimated. Fifteen thousand to twenty thousand troops and deployed heavy artillery airstrikes hidden and even naval patrols despite all this the economy is actually making some headway. And so what are the stakes in this fight? What is it that the army wants with African army are ethnic rock kind? Buddhists who are longing for independence. They feel neglected by the central government for decades. Rakhine is one of me and Mars poorest states and the advent of civilian rule with Aung San Suu Dci in two thousand sixteen Only exacerbated tensions the Eric a National Party won a majority of parliamentary seats in the state of Rakhine and they believed that Aung San Suu Cheese Party. The National League for Democracy would let it nominate the state's chief minister instead the ANALII appointed one of their own and the a. n. p. and and many were kind sell. This is a great betrayal. That sense of embitterment deepened in two thousand eighteen. When the police killed seven protesters and arrested that. Npr's chairman all of which contributed to further radicalizing the raccoons and this is a state in. Myanmar. There's not unfamiliar with with sectarian tensions. That's right in two thousand seventeen. The Burmese military launched its clearance operations against the hinge a persecuted Muslim. Ethnic Minority Walser lived in Rakhine state. The kind the hinge Are Two of many ethnic. Minorities got it across me and mark who are discriminated against and are advocating for fighting for more freedoms if not independence and ask for the conflict between the Arakan army on the national military. How how's that going? The military is suffering terrible casualties. And the army are are humiliating. The military I conducting hundreds of duck shins of politicians businessmen civil servants and indeed soldiers the military's accustomed to siege warfare not to the kinds of tactics being deployed by the army which hides the jungle but also operates an urban areas which takes pot shots at our patrols also does all these brazen things like bombings and abductions and to the military's really floundering. It's response the army's successes really driven in large part by the group's Commander Thuan Rot nine. I am the leader of Argon. Army Major General Plan Renai educated. He's charismatic he's young. We have lost our rights. The rights of the indigenous people in contrast to many of the leaders of the countries other insurgencies who has been described to me by an analyst as comprising the FISA Club of guerrilla leaders. The commander recently called on his followers to throw off the shackles of Burmese. Racism and colonialism. So uses this very rousing language. Harks back to the long periods when kind state was a glorious independent kingdom. Every American has a dream in their heart is slickness is mirrored. In the group's social media videos which feature attractive young soldiers declaring their love for their homeland and engaging in wholesome wrestling matches we will never ever give up and and so with its army on the back foot. Then how has the government responded to this slick operation having handedly in June? It blocked mobile Internet service to about one million people in Rakhine engine states according to Human Rights. Watch this is one of the world's longest government imposed Internet blackouts last month. That also blocked access several news websites. That report on the conflict as well as designating the Eric Armenia. A terrorist organization that then enabled police to charge journalists who interviewed. That can army's commander in chief with violating the Counter Terrorism Law and we're kind civilians are really coming under fire. Amnesty International claims that the military has been shooting indiscriminately at recline towns and has been torturing and murdering civilians. We know that more than one. Hundred thousand civilians have been displaced by the fighting and now a meteoroid reports shows that forty two civilians have died since March twenty third and so again in our we have this example of the military taking an extremely heavy handed approach against its own citizens under the watch of Aung San. Suu She I mean. Her reputation suffered greatly after the crisis. How do you see this crisis? Playing out on Sun suits. He won election twenty-six teen on her promise to bring peace to the country the fact that her government has instructed the military to crush the rebels as she put it has designated them a terrorist organization. There's no way that she'll be able to bring about peace with methods like those to me. It looks as if the conflict is only going to escalate the atkin armies ten unflicting so much damage the government will have to make some concessions and indeed has over the past six months more than two hundred hand government employees and Chen state which is just north of re kind. A lot of the fighting has taken place have resigned after being threatened by its fighters. Now the rebels don't have the firepower to defeat the government militarily but they might not need to if they can inflict enough humiliation. The government might decide to retreat from the fight and seek a political settlement. Either way see piece for the possible future curly. Thank you very much for your time. Thank you for a lot. More analysis like this subscribe to the Economist to twelve issues for twelve dollars or twelve pounds. Just go to economist dot com slash radio.

army government Arakan Army American army Rakhine state Myanmar Aung San Succi Rakhine Arakan Aung San Charlie McCann San Suu Cheese Party Health Organization San Suu Dci National League for Democracy America Suu Commander Thuan Rot
Rakhine and ruin: insurgency in Myanmar

The Economist: The Intelligence

07:43 min | 1 year ago

Rakhine and ruin: insurgency in Myanmar

"On Tuesday. A driver for the world. Health Organization was killed in rock kind state in Myanmar. After his car was hit by gunfire the attack took place in a region where government troops have been locked in fierce fighting with the Arakan Army which wants greater autonomy for the state and for the kind of Arakan people countries including Britain and America have called for an end to fighting amid the cove nineteen pandemic but clashes have intensified governments. Flailing response seems to be boosting. The Arakan Army and the and army declared a month-long ceasefire but it was rejected by the government as unrealistic. Charlie McCann Economists Southeast Asia correspondent fighting between the army and the Burmese military has escalated over the last two months as has a war of words that they've been fighting. Each group has blamed the other for firing at the. Who car which was carrying swabs from patients to be tested for Krona virus. So this conflict get it start then. The conflict erupted on January fourth. Two Thousand Nineteen not coincidentally Myanmar's Independence Day about three hundred and fifty fighters from the army attacked for police posts in northern. Rakhine state killing thirteen officers. Now there had been skirmishes between the American army and the Burmese military before that but the insurgents had never been quite so brazen in response the government. Which of course is led by Aung San Succi a Nobel Peace Prize winner instructed the army to crush the rebels and the military has since deployed an estimated. Fifteen thousand to twenty thousand troops and deployed heavy artillery airstrikes hidden and even naval patrols despite all this the economy is actually making some headway. And so what are the stakes in this fight? What is it that the army wants with African army are ethnic rock kind? Buddhists who are longing for independence. They feel neglected by the central government for decades. Rakhine is one of me and Mars poorest states and the advent of civilian rule with Aung San Suu Dci in two thousand sixteen Only exacerbated tensions the Eric a National Party won a majority of parliamentary seats in the state of Rakhine and they believed that Aung San Suu Cheese Party. The National League for Democracy would let it nominate the state's chief minister instead the ANALII appointed one of their own and the a. n. p. and and many were kind sell. This is a great betrayal. That sense of embitterment deepened in two thousand eighteen. When the police killed seven protesters and arrested that. Npr's chairman all of which contributed to further radicalizing the raccoons and this is a state in. Myanmar. There's not unfamiliar with with sectarian tensions. That's right in two thousand seventeen. The Burmese military launched its clearance operations against the hinge a persecuted Muslim. Ethnic Minority Walser lived in Rakhine state. The kind the hinge Are Two of many ethnic. Minorities got it across me and mark who are discriminated against and are advocating for fighting for more freedoms if not independence and ask for the conflict between the Arakan army on the national military. How how's that going? The military is suffering terrible casualties. And the army are are humiliating. The military I conducting hundreds of duck shins of politicians businessmen civil servants and indeed soldiers the military's accustomed to siege warfare not to the kinds of tactics being deployed by the army which hides the jungle but also operates an urban areas which takes pot shots at our patrols also does all these brazen things like bombings and abductions and to the military's really floundering. It's response the army's successes really driven in large part by the group's Commander Thuan Rot nine. I am the leader of Argon. Army Major General Plan Renai educated. He's charismatic he's young. We have lost our rights. The rights of the indigenous people in contrast to many of the leaders of the countries other insurgencies who has been described to me by an analyst as comprising the FISA Club of guerrilla leaders. The commander recently called on his followers to throw off the shackles of Burmese. Racism and colonialism. So uses this very rousing language. Harks back to the long periods when kind state was a glorious independent kingdom. Every American has a dream in their heart is slickness is mirrored. In the group's social media videos which feature attractive young soldiers declaring their love for their homeland and engaging in wholesome wrestling matches we will never ever give up and and so with its army on the back foot. Then how has the government responded to this slick operation having handedly in June? It blocked mobile Internet service to about one million people in Rakhine engine states according to Human Rights. Watch this is one of the world's longest government imposed Internet blackouts last month. That also blocked access several news websites. That report on the conflict as well as designating the Eric Armenia. A terrorist organization that then enabled police to charge journalists who interviewed. That can army's commander in chief with violating the Counter Terrorism Law and we're kind civilians are really coming under fire. Amnesty International claims that the military has been shooting indiscriminately at recline towns and has been torturing and murdering civilians. We know that more than one. Hundred thousand civilians have been displaced by the fighting and now a meteoroid reports shows that forty two civilians have died since March twenty third and so again in our we have this example of the military taking an extremely heavy handed approach against its own citizens under the watch of Aung San. Suu She I mean. Her reputation suffered greatly after the crisis. How do you see this crisis? Playing out on Sun suits. He won election twenty-six teen on her promise to bring peace to the country the fact that her government has instructed the military to crush the rebels as she put it has designated them a terrorist organization. There's no way that she'll be able to bring about peace with methods like those to me. It looks as if the conflict is only going to escalate the atkin armies ten unflicting so much damage the government will have to make some concessions and indeed has over the past six months more than two hundred hand government employees and Chen state which is just north of re kind. A lot of the fighting has taken place have resigned after being threatened by its fighters. Now the rebels don't have the firepower to defeat the government militarily but they might not need to if they can inflict enough humiliation. The government might decide to retreat from the fight and seek a political settlement. Either way see piece for the possible future curly. Thank you very much for your time. Thank you

Army Government Arakan Army American Army Rakhine State Myanmar Aung San Succi Rakhine Arakan Aung San Charlie Mccann San Suu Cheese Party Health Organization San Suu Dci National League For Democracy America SUU Commander Thuan Rot
"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

The Economist: The Intelligence

04:22 min | 1 year ago

"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

"The country is home to the world's largest Muslim population Islam. There has been traditionally a moderate affair. Charlie McCann is herself East Asia correspondent. But you see these days. Lots of religious. Teens millennials embracing abstinence. Why is that changing? Well it's tied to a broader shift in the nature of Islam in Indonesia. Islamic law bans premarital sex yet. Two fifths unmarried adolescence had sex. This troubled a young university student called La Ode Immune Afar who is a conservative Muslim and about five years ago he started an organization called Indonesia Tampa Charleston which means Indonesia without dating the organization exists to promote the idea that young Muslims should renounce stating get married perfectly get married quite early and so his organization launched a social media. Campaign hosts lectures workshops it enrolls members. And what's up? Chat rooms where they can exchange Koranic verses and meet other like minded people and it's been wildly successful even spawned a new genre of Youtube video. Where teenage girls called their boyfriends and dump them to applause from their friends and buys them. I mean it seems like a fairly progressive way to espouse some pretty conservative views so loud is very conservative. But what's new about? What he's doing is his savvy use of social media perhaps the best example centers on this couple not TERRESA and Molina in two thousand seventeen. Natto was a a young. Are the dashing. Busker who found were does instagram account. He liked one of her posts. They got chatting and within hours he proposed. They got married a few months after that and have since become instagram celebrities. They make the case for early marriage. Way more effectively than any sermon. Good and has there been any pushback against that shift. There has been there is a A long established group of progressive feminist activists who have won some important legislative victories of the last years they've criminalized domestic violence and last year. Raise the legal age of marriage girls from sixteen to nineteen but for every progressive bill gets passed conservatives respond with their own Harlem currently debating a family resilience bill which require women to take care of of household affairs to. It seems that if young people on instagram raising to get married ditching dating that plenty are embracing the new conservative. Yeah it does embracing this new idea. One woman I spoke to thanks idea early. Marriages incredibly noble and practice. It doesn't always work out as they might hope for every Nada Wardha there is a Salma Fina tacky maleek in two thousand seventeen SOM- Athena who was then an eighteen year old instagram personality. Married is twenty two year old heartthrob talking leak despite the fact that only met two weeks before and they were really celebrated for this Indonesia Tampa Charter. Couldn't get enough of them but sound with fina soon learned. That tacky wanted to get a second wife. Polygamy is legal in Indonesia and encouraged by radicals and tacky soon discovered that some of Fina wasn't the submissive wife. He was hoping for and within three months at got divorced. So how do you see this playing out in the longer term? Should we just keep an eye on Indonesian instagram? To see where Indonesian Islam is going. Yeah I mean instagram's where it's happening right now. Certainly for conservative Muslim activists. They're all congregating on these social media platforms. The progressive counterparts aren't using social media and in the same sophisticated way many than aren't even on Instagram facebook. And they're really struggling to communicate their ideas as a result and to win over popular support. Charlie thank you very much for joining.

Indonesia instagram Salma Fina Charlie McCann Indonesia Tampa Charleston Indonesia Tampa Charter Busker Youtube Afar Harlem Molina
"charlie mccann" Discussed on WCPT 820

WCPT 820

02:04 min | 1 year ago

"charlie mccann" Discussed on WCPT 820

"You tell the hotel operator the Charlie Pearce's naked and afraid I was going to miss a spot of the Stephanie Miller show I did not Krista might all right we should I hear her talking to someone she said she's getting there we're getting there Judy all the anticipation is killing it is right she's on edge right it's like a catch a commercial waiting for Nick and Charlie and the seventies now you should know anything about now I'm going to demand that he does the show naked every time he's on hold it looks like it might be that there is you need to type it Chris I know who it is I know who it is Tony the tiger thank you hi Charlie McCann Charlie Pierce say hello I mean we we play that you were naked well that's true LA did you did you dry everything G. Jodie to get the all the bits I think it would be kind of pointless to Jerry actually good morning Charlie Pearson morning morning the super Tuesday the radio here in western North Carolina wow aspen one of my favorite places in the world place for dinner tonight all Sean the official US ninety liberal elitist French to French restaurant of the Stephanie Miller show hello bonspiel California listen carefully I am a I'm an existential crisis as you know I am was with the warning is in my the professor senator is in my heart and it's all about you I got to say you've been covering this kind of stuff for years yesterday was a day like we haven't seen right I have stuff going on it was all all the people endorsing Joe Biden and it was great I yeah I just I know it's like that meme going around she's electable if you vote for her you know ask the problem right now yeah yeah it's it's it's it's quite the thing actually and and you know.

senator professor US official Sean Charlie Pearson Jerry Charlie McCann Charlie Judy Joe Biden Charlie Pearce California North Carolina Jodie Charlie Pierce Tony Chris Nick Krista
"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

The Economist: The Intelligence

06:53 min | 1 year ago

"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

"Breaks. Is that the evacuation shift. If to slutty. So before Brexit we were seen as arrogant and bit annoying but still fundamentally quite Kenny and pragmatic and the way we operate but because there's been brexit's and we now associated with something that most people in the ease very negative. There's a little more caution about it. They basically think that Brits Have Gone Matt and so officials sometimes find themselves Bonding Hill. They have to prove who've arguing isn't just some deranged exit infused point but the actually is a policy. Point was listening to you and that's the first time that the Brits had to go through that and so it's this sort of loss of privilege millennials. Stereotype can be privileged as much as it can be prejudice. And so then do you find yourself pointing out that you to think. Brexit is mad. I try not to. There's a certain strand is sort of self hating British officials. Some British officials in the institutions of finding sort of almost over compensating. And saying it's such it should disaster Again saying no. No no don't seem as senior European like you guys to essentially avoid the negative end of of the stereotype. I mean surely there are other people floating around Brussels doing the same thing overcompensating to to account for the stereotypes. They think they're up against. I spoke to a French fend used to. Oh can the European Commission mission and she said she would deliberately sort of toned down herself in meetings because she didn't want to be sort of accused of being sort of haughty French and even very senior people find themselves doing thing at so when Mario Draghi was to be promoted to presents the European Central Bank. He's filled allies have so the emphasize how unintelligent he was and how we had sort of funny German Attitudes towards monetary policy. Where build the top US payback? She gave him a Russian helmet at the end of it. The other point here is that a lot of these are elected officials who are representing representing views at home and who you know not only bring their biases with them but kind of represent them in Brussels. What do you think the relationship is between the stereotyping and its effects in Brussels? And that with the voters in home. I think one of the reasons. There's so much stereotyping. In bustles is because bustles is always trying to listen to domestic concerns and so if the population of Germany has this caricatured view of the Greeks up to the sort of lazy user drinkers then. It's very hard for German politicians and officials in Brussels to then argue that we need to bail these guys out. They've got the choice. They need to spend a Lotta political capital convincing domestic audience. They're actually no. It's it's not quite like that. All they can take the issue and say that and go quite hot and that's a very sort of difficult nut to crack because if it's voters who do have this sort of mistaken stereotype views news. Then they're going to elect politicians that almost have to reflect that right. Well I guess I'll encourage you to indulge in a cup of tea and keep that upper lip stiff Duncan Suddenly will thanks for your time. Thank you in the popular imagination. Sand seems to be everywhere for riverbeds to beaches to desert that stretch across whole continents in reality. It's a finite and surprisingly diverse commodity that people are going further and further afield to get hold of. I recently went to a town along the Red River in northern Vietnam. Charlie McCann is the economists Southeast Asia correspondent based in Singapore and I saw a man hoovering sand from the river bed up to his barge and pumping the sand onto a nearby bank where the sandwich fee collected and sold their about six barges doing the same thing and they'd pumped so much sand and onto this bank dune afternoon afternoon. These teams work without permits. But when you understand how much money you can make you see why why. They work illegally earn between seven hundred thousand dollars for every boatload of sand. You judge the average makes just two hundred eighty eight dollars a month so wait wait a minute. Why is is River San so valuable to these people? San makes up eighty percent of cement and ninety percent of asphalt so it's essential to the construction in industry and that's been fueling a construction boom in Asia in particular China got through more sand between twenty seven and twenty thirteen and America dead and the entirety entirety of the twentieth century so in addition to being used in the construction industry it's also used in land reclamation. Singapore has expanded its territory almost a quarter quarter since nineteen sixty-five dumping millions of tons of sand and this the OCD. Actually thinks that. The construction industry's demand for senator. Gravel is GONNA on double over the next four decades so this means the price of sand is going up and Vietnam in two thousand seventeen. The price actually put rupel. So why didn't need to be smuggled into why. Why isn't local sand good for all of these local projects now? All Sand is the same and the kind that's been formed by wind. Desert Sand is basically you too smooth to make cement with whereas the kind that's been formed by water so the kind that you find in rivers along coasts is rough enough that it combined together got to make cement right butts hoovering up off of river beds and then shipping it around. The world must be appalling for the environment. A recent U N report report actually describes and mining one of the Major Sustainability Challenges of the twenty first century. There are few reasons why San Acts as a natural buffer against storms and floods and as climate change gets worse for going to have much more extreme storms and floods and to the miners are stripping away. This first line honor defense. Just we need it. Most there are few other effects so dredging sand from a river can alter its course and flow. And this accelerates erosion I was speaking to Apollo farmer who has lived next to the river all his life about thirty years ago there was a clear of land standing between his house and the Red River. And today it's just twenty meters and he talks version up extensive sand mining. That's been taking place along that portion of the river. This demand is relentlessly rising. I mean how can the this mugging the problems that it brings be be controlled. This is the hard part in many Asian countries. The sand mining industry is entirely unregulated. And this means that a lot of illegal sand mining so it's thought that only two fifths of sat and that's traded around the world is extracted legally there's also so a lot of corruption a prominent activist alleges that many Indian government officials are complicit and San Trade but there is hope architects and engineers ears are experimenting with new building. Materials like cross laminated. Timur and a few states are taking action. Singapore for instance is reclaiming claiming a new patch of land hydrating water rather than soaking it up with sand. So it's good to see at least one. Government is finally pulling out sand. Charlie thank you very much for joining US Jason.

Brussels Singapore Desert Sand Red River Brexit Charlie McCann Point River San Bonding Hill US European Central Bank Timur Kenny Indian government Germany Mario Draghi European Commission Vietnam Asia senator
"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

The Economist: The Intelligence

06:47 min | 1 year ago

"charlie mccann" Discussed on The Economist: The Intelligence

"Ooh Awesome is overwhelmingly the dominant religion in Myanmar. Roughly ninety percent of the population follows the faith. In recent years. Nationalist monks have claimed that Buddhism is under threat and urged holy war against Roe Hindu Muslims. Seven hundred fifty thousand of whom have fled the country and some of those monks are now now railing against another perceived internal enemy many Buddhists in Myanmar also believe in nets group of Guardian spirits. who were willing to bless the faithful with good fortune if they're given the right offerings for centuries Buddhism and not worship have been in peaceful coexistence but tensions have recently emerged every August hundreds of thousands of pilgrims from all over me and our descend on village called Thompson which is middle of the country? Just twenty kilometers north of Mandalay. Charlie McCann is our Southeast Asia correspondent and they go there to be with nets. Nats are these guardian spirits who rule over an area so mountain road a lake village. The thing that binds them all together is that they have a tendency of getting angry angry. If they're not appeased you don't want that to be angry at you. They have powers and that can rain misfortune down on the believers. But if you keep them I'm happy like will ensure that your your business thrives your family stays healthy and so what happens. At the festival so these thousands of pilgrims they come to tongue peon basically basically in order to keep these nets. Happy you know. They're you're surrounded by the smell of incense son drums. This quite piercing whine of and these people throng to his temples to participate in. What's called that way? Aw or spirit possession ceremonies which medium is typically a man wearing an elaborate outfit and said why Feminine Makeup Channels Finals. The spirit and as much dancing much much showering down of the local currency much Talking of bills into the spirit mediums garments. Who but it sounds as if not all is happy at this festival festival every year? Yeah I recently spoke to a man called hand ton who is a sixty five year old spirit medium. He was at Tonkin Festival three years ago when something unusual happened ten Buddhist monks interrupted the ceremony near wielding building metal rods and they began insulting everyone. They're tearing down decorations and they threatened to beat the people there. If they refuse to hand over the offerings to the net he's offerings would have been things like bananas coconuts but also crucially money so this is not the kind of thing you would expect from no and Hantaan explained to me that this wasn't an isolated incident over the last ten years it seems monks have been targeting people who worshiped nats. What happens is they? They will shout. At night worshipers they will threaten Physical Violence Ama knockdown holy objects like not statues And it may steal offerings. But why why don't the monks like the all of these proceedings this half time and highly critical of the spirit called. This criticism stems back over a century ago when the idea of Buddhism as a religion but as a really rational philosophy started to gain hold and the drinking the Dan saying the communing with with nats totally undermined this idea of Buddhism so people began to describe the spirit cult as a corruption of the face. But it's still tolerated it because it was traditional. It was something that Burmese these people have been doing. For centuries even millennia recently as Myanmar's openness of up to the world hostility to is not has grown but much of what we've heard about Sanmar in in recent years in terms of religious intolerance actually doesn't have anything to do with with nets or this sort of folk religion element news news has quite rightly been dominated by the facts that over the last few years the military in concert with some purist Buddhist monks have advocating for the removal of Muslims from the country and this has led to the displacement of seven hundred fifty thousand Rohingya Muslims from state. It in and I I should say what the UN has described as intended act of genocide. This Rhonda concert is indicative however of a growing sense among Burmese. Buddhists their religion is imperilled and must be a catch pure and so if the the kinds of atrocities that we've seen among the ranger had has turned out like that based on the same kind of feeling do. Do you get the sense. Ditch the the worshipers of the nets are are under threat. No I don't think thanks so. It's important to know that while the Berms Boone's monks who had been most vocal in expressing their hatred former rangers. I haven't talked about nats at all. I interviewed one such monk who was unfortunately quite adamant and his sort of stated hatred Richard from Slim's and you know he said that while the not spirit cult poses a problem to Buddhism. It doesn't pose a threat in the same same way that that Islam does so it sounds as if the the tension here is between a modern and a more traditional version of Buddhism. Than how how do you think that tension will be resolved as Burmese people stream towards the days leaving their old your rural villages behind more and more of them are saying these is not so I grew up with. They're not for me. They don't belong in cities They belong to the old Myanmar. But I found it telling when I had a conversation with my fix sir about his religious background. He was raised a Buddhist and raise believe in the nuts today. He says he's atheist. When we went to Tonkin impugn and looked at the shrine? He went up to the not figurines and Edelman offering so I think that belief and that's small unless processed sometime charlie. Thank you very much for joining.

Nats Myanmar Tonkin Festival Edelman Southeast Asia Charlie McCann Mandalay Tonkin Thompson UN Hantaan Dan Sanmar Slim Richard