23 Burst results for "Cara Santa"

Interview with Phil McAlister

The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

06:53 min | 2 months ago

Interview with Phil McAlister

"Hello and welcome to the skeptics guide to the universe. Today is sunday january seventeenth twenty twenty one. And this is your host. Stephen avella joining me this week. Or bob novella. Everybody cara santa maria. Howdy joy novella. Hey guys and evan bernstein skepticism. On a sunday. I love it. This is a rare sunday recording. We're doing this because of the twelve hour show next saturday. The saturday this show comes out. I probably will be posted in this up right before we begin to twelve hours. Show so if. You're listening to this on saturday that it comes out. We're probably in the middle of the twelve hour show. Why aren't you watching that instead. Leaving this to console you on sunday or monday because the twelve hour livestream is over priorities. So we're not keep saying like we're trying to get away from doing the covert thing every week but there's always stuff to talk about that has to recover recovered. Schwab one thing about it. Obviously it's still raging the numbers that getting scary high still is crazy but david kessler which was announced as the covert czar for the incoming biden. Administration you guys remember who he is. Yes cast that. He was in From london movie right cutler no he was a former head of the fda in the ninety s and after his stint in the at the fda in the nineties the president for a while of yale school of medicine. That's how i. I know you have on speedo him personally. But you know the commissioner of food and drugs for h w bush and clinton muslim sounds nonpartisan. I like that a he. He was very much opposed to the shea. Dietary supplement health and education. Act which was a terrible loss stills eternal and he was he was completely right correct in his opposition to it so hopefully because a lot of experience. Hopefully he'll will prove to be the right person for this job. And we're hoping to shift into high gear will along that line steve in three days. Yeah did you hear. That biden is elevating. He's making a cabinet of science. Yes yes scientists. -nology whatever is now going to be cabinet. Level is a cabinet level position for the first ever cap which will not be in the line of succession by the way. It's a cabinet level position. But it's not a cabinet position. I thought he was building a cabinet filled with cool science thing like curio cabinet closet of mystery. I remember that from what is this endless fascination with forbidden closet of mr really cool i mean. It's the first time the president has ever put somebody at that high. A level in science position which conferences shows his commitment to evidence based policy and also francis. Arnold who i'm super excited about you guys remember. She's caltech scientist who recently won a nobel prize. She's going to be within his his group. I'm not really sure how everybody's designated quite yet but within that group of scientists which is very exciting. I think it should be like the bridge of the enterprise. D where you've got the president the vice president and you've got the czar of science right up there with the big boys because that's where belongs in the position that the council the troy was in. That's what i'm saying. Sitting do truth be told captains left. I am kind of glad that it's not a. I shouldn't say this i don't know i don't know if i would want it to be a cabinet position because then because then they enter into the line of succession and i do worry that whoever is appointed could potentially be. Isn't that a worry about every single cabinet level position. Never i mean. Is there a cabinet member. You guys ready to become president on day one. I mean unless you've watched the survivor soul survivor. Some of those people have served in previous administrations have worked in government. It's obviously it's never happened. I it's so unlikely that i don't think someone's going to pick or not pick a cabinet member because they don't think that they're ready to be president. Yeah i mean why. Scientists are science minded person. Good as president. I think that's what we want. They wouldn't necessarily be it would be but they would still need to be somebody who has executive leadership skills all right. Let's get right into some news items. Is it true that astronomers were wrong about the number of galaxies in the universe. a what. Yeah they're often wrong about stuff like that so yeah. The estimated number of galaxies in the universe was recently cut in half. You are correct steve. So how the hell did this happen. And and more importantly what is the worst title for a news item covering this discovery. All all will be revealed So this all started years ago when the hubble space telescope did some deep sky surveys and it came up with the estimate for the number of galaxies which was two trillion lots of galaxies two trillion in the universe. It did this by using by doing deep field observations. These are observations. That take a really long time looking at the same patch of sky. So you're you're building up the photons right you just building up. The photons. seeing what's revealed and that would that reveals after a while that reveals the very very very faint galaxies. And then then it's easy. Yes sir but can we clarify. Are you talking about the observable universe so you just just just a good point to a good time to clarify that. The the observable universe is a subset of the total universe because like because some of the universe has moved beyond the on the einstein limit rights even traveling at the speed of light. The universe is not old enough for light to travel from there to here so we can't see it's outside of our bubble our light bubble right. It's a little complicated. But yeah i think primarily although not necessarily implies that it's it's just it's just observable we'll we'll see maybe we can. Let's revisit at the end okay. So then so then. Once you have this patch of sky that you've looked at for a while Then you and then you then you know how many galaxies right then you just multiply that little patch by how many similar how many patches in the in the sky are there. And that's and that's basically. What hubble did but we knew that. That wasn't quite accurate though that that's because there has to be other galaxies that are out there that are just too faint to be directly detected even with the best deep field observation that the h. The hubble space telescope could muster onto those super faint galaxies though they do create a suffused glow. Just a general glow in the galaxy and now this background glow that i'm talking about is called the cosmic optical background which is a term. I hadn't i hadn't seen before which is fascinating because it reminded me of maybe was well the cosmic microwave background which is the first light of the universe when it became transparent to electro-magnetic radiation the cosmic optical background that was the glow of all the

Cabinet Stephen Avella Bob Novella Cara Santa Maria Evan Bernstein From London Biden FDA David Kessler Yale School Of Medicine Schwab Cutler Steve Clinton Arnold Bush Francis Troy
"cara santa" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

08:00 min | 3 months ago

"cara santa" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

"Everybody cara santa maria. Howdy jay novella. Hey guys evan bernstein. Goodbye twenty twenty. So we're all we're all still fucking twenty twenty five here in between night but this is the first show of twenty twenty one the airing in january january second so this is going to be our first episode of twenty twenty one or listeners. Or so lucky. They're already there. Thank you so jealous guys. Survive your holiday shenanigans. Yeah fine no. I did not the ghost thought i would. But i didn't pandemic christmas wherever he Didn't we had limited get togethers smaller groups. We didn't eat together. We just sorta away from across the room kind of thing. It was still good. It's good to have whatever you know. Social contact we could but keep telling everybody almost there just buckle down until we get this vaccine and then we could start live concert to creep back to normal now. We made it through the year now is not the time to to draw draw matches. I'm kind of proud of the fact. That i got my whole family without anyone catching covid knock wood and i would hate for that to happen right at the end you know right. Yeah definitely i'd like to think saved mom's life though because they're totally be said bob ball come on. Let's go to costco like mom. It's the height of the pandemic. He's a come on it'll be we'll be quick. I know you are not going for you. Bob protect your loved ones. And i hope the new strain of covid a damper on things for our about that in the in the show dive on that. Okay good spoilers now. Yeah but i don't know it's been a little frustrating. I have to admit to see how many people are like screw it. I'm just going to jump on a plane and go visit my family. You know and how many people really are just throwing the rule book out. Because somehow i guess. Biology doesn't apply during the holidays. But yeah now more than ever as when. We need to be vigilant but the fatigue is is it wears on people. It just does. That must be tough for you guys on the east coast though where you can't really be spending much time outside the editor missing whether it's been hot and cold even even though it's winter It's it's weird. How much the weather has changed. But yeah it sucks because you know we. We had a lot of people like friends. Come over that when we were like fifteen feet apart on my patio. That's out and i hate doing. I can't stand like videoconferencing. People i just feel like it. Just makes me more aggravated. But it's the only thing you've got right now. I know i do it. But i don't like it. Especially the more people like the harder. It is to communicate. Oh for share. Yeah it's easier if you keep it small or if you just go with it and say this is crazy. We're just gonna have a ton of people basically by june. We should be pub at part immunity swimming. That people are compliant enough. The i think the point out the health organization recently made this point that the the covert nineteen is probably not the worst pandemic. We're going to get this century right. This is really a dry run for the big bed one. That's probably still coming. That's much more like fatal time on the range of potential properties of a pandemic virus. This is not at the end of the spectrum. not even close so we this. This is good wakeup call to all right. What are our plans. What is our infrastructure to deal with. a really serious pandemic. And you know. I think part of that is public education. I think also part of that is getting our political shit together. We're not going to survive if we can't get our crap together that's the bottom line for this weekend at the world is too unforgiving now for a dysfunctional political environment. Like we have absolutely all right. Let's let's get serious guys. Let's talk about predictions. yeah this is. This is mmu mainly for fun. Relate to look back over the what psychics predicted and didn't predict for twenty twenty two. And we'd like to make a few points that first of all you know. Obviously we don't believe that psychics are real. there's no evidence that esp israel. The idea that you can see. The future is a violation of causality causing effect. And so it's basically impossible and of course it's not surprising that self proclaimed mediums and psychics or whatever whatever mechanism to using whether it's tarot cards or astrology are new asparagus Asala g whatever. The mechanism is that there is indistinguishable from either random guessing at best at best they do random guessing at worst there actually was than random guessing. They're just saying stuff to be entertaining to for the shock value or extrapolation while yeah but there are a few methods that they use to try to make. It seem like they're more accurate than they are. And we'll give examples of all of these things so one is shot. Gunning just make a bunch of predictions and then tout the ones that were correct. After the fact the other one is the vague prediction. That gives way more wiggle room that it may seem. This is common even in a personal reading says. Oh i see a red door you know. And it seems like a very specific prediction but actually it's so common that almost it's going to somebody. Almost everybody will find meaning for or i see a older person in uniform is sounds really specific but it's very very vague or they make predictions that are high probability earthquake and the others whatever hundreds of earthquakes thousands of crazy year. So it again. People don't realize how high probability one of my favorite is. I see an airplane. And there's red and the tail sixty percents something. I've airlines have read in their logo. But if you don't know the part is that they know statistics at the general public may not know how frequent names are whatever and so they can make high probability or shot. Gunning or very vague. Plenty of wiggle room kind of predictions and then they make the and then they use potok analysis or really just encourage the the people that are the target of their predictions to do all the heavy lifting in terms of making the connections and engaging in the cognitive errors the logical fallacies to make it seem more impressive than it is but one way to poke a hole into all of this is just a track the predictions and see somewhat objectively. How they did again. No one performs in such a way that requires an extraordinary explanation other than random guessing and a little showmanship so i reviewed a number of of psychics to see how they did. So one thing. I did was look at as many different psychics. Who made predictions about the twenty twenty election because usually in years where there's a big presidential election everyone out predictions and of course any one person's going to be random you know but but i should have counted up how they did in the aggregate. Almost no one that. I looked at predicted that that joe biden would win really These are only counting ones. That.

cara santa maria jay novella evan bernstein bob ball costco east coast Bob swimming israel earthquake joe biden
"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

Talk Nerdy

08:20 min | 4 months ago

"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

"Twenty and i'm the host of the show cara santa maria. If you live in the states. I hope you had a really happy thanksgiving. I hope you stayed safe. And you stayed socially distant. If you don't live in the states maybe you had some turkey in our honor. Probably not and that's okay. I hope you guys are staying safe out there as well. I'm really excited about this week's episode. I had the opportunity to sit down with. Dr roy meals to talk to him about his new book. But before we dive into that. I do wanna thank those of you. Who may talk nerdy possible this week by visiting patriae on dot com slash talk nerdy. And pledging your support. This week's top patrons are michael. Gauchet marry neva. Christopher pits june sephora squatty gelati or rica hagman dudas. Sinfonietta's charles. pay. It brian holden. Pedro m rosario barbosa daniel lang david j e smith robert chris and elise christie. Thank you all so much. And if you want to support the show in a non monetary way. You can rate or review on apple podcasts. Or google podcasts or any podcast program where you listen to the show you can also visit the talk nerdy store at talking dirty dot com or talk nerdy merch dot com and you can pick up some cool swag for the holidays. Not only will you show your support of the show or of my dog killer but you'll also be giving back financially to the show with each purchase. All right let's talk about this week's episode. So i had the opportunity to sit down with dr roy a meals. He is clinical professor of orthopedic surgery at ucla and he's written several different medical tax. In addition he blogs at about bone dot com. And you guessed it the topic of his newest book it's called bones inside and out so yeah guys. Let's talk about bones with dr roy. A meals engineer. Scream there And then i'm going to record on my back up here test test okay. That looks good. And then my throat back up and looks like we're rolling on all france will roy. Thank you so much for joining me today. Marc pleasure thank you for inviting me. So i'm really excited to talk about your new book bones inside and out I am kind of obsessed with bones. And i don't know if it's A morbid curiosity. I don't know if it's because. I find a lot of beauty in skeleton but i. I was really excited when your book came across my desk. Because i thought this is a topic. I don't think we've dug into With any real depth here on talk nerdy. So let's start with kind of the most obvious and general question which is how did you first. you know. Many moons ago become interested in bones. Well i you're enjoying being outside in the summertime. Kansas city and so in the winter time in woodworking that which in our basement and so started the summertime. It wasn't a particularly good. The athletes are wash berg's collected snakes. Press a flowers and leaves and so forth aware workshop by things apart and put them back together and so. I guess it wasn't any surprise when i went to college. I majored in biology and then In medical school. I decided i wanted to be north. Beatty co surgeon in all of that with a hand surgery fellowship. So i think this has been my blood pretty much my whole life and then as i accomplished all my goals for being a practice your hand surgery i kind of look around and how i could spend my energy on back in my computer files regionally and see that i had a line for the bones of as far back as eight years ago and so it's kind of been my head rattling around in the last year for years of work done rather regularly to bring differentiation this fall so when we think about orthopedic surgery you know i do think ortho brings up this idea of bones but you don't only work with bones. Do you know this roy. Musculoskeletal specialists and we work from the base of the skull. Went down to the tips of the toes. The neurosurgeon in the next surgeons plastic. Sure they care of the skull in the face. And the thoracic surgeons have to get past the ribcage of the sternum to get into what they consider the interesting parts of the of the body but from the spine Top to bottom and then no up an extra limbs is. That's really the domain of the orthopedic surgeons the but i interest. Help manage some financial issues and are you usually in your career helping people who have congenital problems helping people who have been in kind of experienced trauma through you know accidents or car. Collisions is sort of an all of the above Just anything that could go wrong. That's what you tackle right. Congenital differences debt to with Certainly our domain of care is a hand surgeon. I've managed to lhasa children with the webbed fingers or born with apps thumbs crooked forearms in pediatric orthopedic surgeons to deal with the children that are born with the short legs and abnormally shaped feet in all sorts of things to curvature of the spine issues like but for most orthopedic surgeons that would constitute a small fraction of their practice of the main. Tyco diseased orthopedic surgeons take care of is is trauma people fall down breaking arrest or caring their knee cartilage playing football industrial injuries. All the different ways that humans have founder injure themselves now but then but then there's The occasional tumor certainly we deal with degenerative arthritis also known as osteoarthritis. But it's just wear and tear that our joint sustain with the aging and then osteoporosis. That's say greg problem. Is the baby boomers. Get into their senior years. And if they don't take good care of their bones than they mccrone to fragility fractures in the main. One is very serious is a hip fracture that the we typically say that people twist and fall and break your hip but i think in fact what happens is the end of the die bone coached the if it becomes osteoporotic product in week in person twists and breaks her and then false but it happened so quickly that they don't associated that way but the sad thing is when seniors break there is the fifty percent of Hip fracture heels fifty percent of never recovered their pre injury level of independence. Which means you might have to go to an assisted living facility. They might have be on cane or a walker may not be able to ascend descend steps. And so it's a major issue for half. The people break their hips and then even worse is the twenty percent of elderly people. who've rate the risks. They die within a year hip fracture that it is the fatal in but it's pneumonia or bladder. Infection or pressure sores so forth and so here.

dr roy cara santa maria Dr roy gelati hagman dudas brian holden Pedro m rosario barbosa daniel lang robert chris elise christie wash berg david j Sinfonietta Beatty co roy ucla charles smith Marc michael
"cara santa" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

06:34 min | 6 months ago

"cara santa" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

"Today is Wednesday October seventh twenty twenty and this is your host Steven Novella joining me this week or Bob Novella. Hey everybody Cara Santa Maria howdy drain Avella Guys Evan Bernstein June leaving folks. All right. So what happened in the last week that was newsworthy okay. Something about someone came down with something someone or someone's the president called covert nineteen and was basically a super spreader event at the White House and ton of the people in his orbit also came down with covered nineteen. I think it was one, thousand, nine, hundred, Steve Count messed I heard. Wow, ironical. So it highlights the fact that this pandemic it's still ongoing it's very infectious agent. You have to be extremely careful one of the things that came out of this though. So again, we're not trying to pick on trump, but this is something we have to talk about. There was a lot of confusion surrounding pretty much everything to do with with the president's infection. He went to Walter Reed Hospital which which is a military hospital and it's where the president would go when he gets sick and. The care that he received there was was odd it's not how would a regular person would have been treated that way there is something by the way if I could back up for a second in medicine, we do refer to recall VIP medicine where if you have a very high profile VIP patient, sometimes they get special treatment but the thing is it's usually not better than standard care. It sort of VIP care can often be worse because any. That biases, the decision making if you think about it, the clinical decision making should already be optimized to risk versus benefit and all that stuff. And anything that biases that is going to deviate from optimal it could only be good. That's the only. Time where where it's better medicine is obviously in the superficialities Tad. Service when a a Saudi prince, a literal Saudi prince basically bought the entire floor of the hospital. For him to stay yes. You get that kind of treatment but the actual medical care unless like you can't pay for things well, and that's the real problem in our country. Right? Is that some people are getting not optimal care simply because they can't afford not optimal care right and actually. To be honest with you if you're sick, you know most people are getting the care that they need enshrining for to the. Hospital just does it and worries about getting paid for it later to be honest with you and they are sort of baking into the whole system taking a loss. But regardless of how you feel about trump like he is the president, which means he needs to be well as soon as possible. Be Getting. The best care should. Carry that we can deliver. But where the VIP care deviates from optimal is when they do things like give experimental treatments you know. I think drugs that usually only give people when they're. Right he got he got one experimental treatment, a monoclonal antibody. He received the rent. Vir, which is pretty standard but again usually. Given in severe cases, but the the real the real curious thing was that he was given steroids and steroids are usually reserved for people in the later stages the people who have the WHO get the immune reaction after the first week or so that sick when they're immune reaction like a really negative immune reaction kicks in then we give them steroids to sort of tamp that down you don't necessarily want to give them initially because they the steroids suppress the immune system, right might suppress your ability to fight off the virus earlier. So there's no prophylactic kind of benefit to. Perhaps he was sicker than they let us. Yeah. So there's a mismatch between what we're being told about how was and what we were being told about what he was getting and I tell you I'll say when I become a super VIP and I go to the hospital and by a floor whatever I do I will say give me the standard of care but add on demand. Foot massages. Treat. Strategy that's your VIP tree. That's fine. But he got steroids and so pretty evasion oxygen. Actually Multiple Times Oxygen Standard Your. Drop you're right but but that's what I'm saying like maybe he was sicker than we thought because within the first lake apparently, he got oxygen while he was still at the White House before they decided to bring him in and then the doctor was really cagey about whether or not he was still needing oxygen supplementation. You correct we're kind of talking about two different things. So you're correct in that there's a mismatch between the different things that we're being told. When did he contract it? When did he know? Was He? When did it become symptomatic? How sick was he did he require oxygen? Did he have pneumonia the his doctors being cagey about all of these things but we did learn that he did on two occasions. Occasions was temporarily given supplemental oxygen because Oh two's rations dropped, which means there was some pulmonary involvement but the steroids is a different issue I. Don't think that's a manifestation of him being sicker than we were told because he would not be out of the hospital now if that were the case. That's a manifestation I. think of them throwing everything at him to get him better as quickly as possible even if it's not necessarily the best thing. It could backfire sicker. Yeah. I I don't know what's going on behind closed doors but. Wouldn't give that at this stage of the illness and I've read multiple articles of of of covert nineteen treating doctor saying just doesn't make any sense this. There's no scenario where he should be getting steroids at this at this point in his care what if he's been sick for a week Steve? Well, yeah he would have to think that but again, he wouldn't wouldn't have bounce back that quickly it when you're when you're at the point that you need steroids, you're probably intimated or your close to being. On there's no way I mean, even if you sick slightly longer, we all saw him at the debates. He was well enough to hit a lot of energy that he was not somebody who needed steroids. Is the only way that makes sense of it in my opinion is..

president Steve Count White House Steven Novella Walter Reed Hospital Cara Santa Maria Bob Novella Evan Bernstein superficialities Tad pneumonia
"cara santa" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

05:52 min | 6 months ago

"cara santa" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

". All right. . So what happened in the last week that was newsworthy okay. . Something about someone came down with something someone or someone's the president called covert nineteen and was basically a super spreader event at the White House and ton of the people in his orbit also came down with covered nineteen. . I think it was one, , thousand, , nine, hundred, , , Steve Count messed I heard. . Wow, , ironical. . So it highlights the fact that this pandemic it's still ongoing it's very infectious agent. . You have to be extremely careful one of the things that came out of this though. . So again, , we're not trying to pick on trump, , but this is something we have to talk about. . There was a lot of confusion surrounding pretty much everything to do with with the president's infection. . He went to Walter Reed Hospital which which is a military hospital and it's where the president would go when he gets sick and. . The care that he received there was was odd it's not how would a regular person would have been treated that way there is something by the way if I could back up for a second in medicine, we , do refer to recall VIP medicine where if you have a very high profile VIP patient, , sometimes they get special treatment but the thing is it's usually not better than standard care. . It sort of VIP care can often be worse because any. . That biases, , the decision making if you think about it, , the clinical decision making should already be optimized to risk versus benefit and all that stuff. . And anything that biases that is going to deviate from optimal it could only be good. . That's the only. . Time where where it's better medicine is obviously in the superficialities Tad. . Service when a <hes>, , a Saudi prince, , a literal Saudi prince basically bought the entire floor of the hospital. . For him to stay yes. . You get that kind of treatment but the actual medical care unless like you can't pay for things well, , and that's the real problem in our country. . Right? ? Is that some people are getting not optimal care simply because they can't afford not optimal care right and actually. . To be honest with you if you're sick, , you know most people are getting the care that they need enshrining for to the. . Hospital just does it and worries about getting paid for it later to be honest with you and they are sort of baking into the whole system taking a loss. . But regardless of how you feel about trump like he is the president, , which means he needs to be well as soon as possible. . Be Getting. The . best care should. . Carry that we can deliver. . But where the VIP care deviates from optimal is when they do things like give experimental treatments you know. . I think drugs that usually only give people when they're. . Right he got he got one experimental treatment, , a monoclonal antibody. . He received the rent. . Vir, , which is pretty standard but again usually. . Given in severe cases, , but the the real the real curious thing was that he was given steroids and steroids are usually reserved for people in the later stages the people who have the WHO get the immune reaction after the first week or so that sick when they're immune reaction like a really negative immune reaction kicks in then we give them steroids to sort of tamp that down you don't necessarily want to give them initially because they the steroids suppress the immune system, , right might suppress your ability to fight off the virus earlier. . So there's no prophylactic kind of benefit to. . Perhaps he was sicker than they let us. . Yeah. . So there's a mismatch between what we're being told about how was and what we were being told about what he was getting and I tell you I'll say when I become a super VIP and I go to the hospital and by a floor whatever I do I will say give me the standard of care but add on demand. . Foot massages. . Treat. . Strategy that's your VIP tree. That's . fine. . But he got steroids and so pretty evasion oxygen. . Actually Multiple Times Oxygen Standard Your. . Drop you're right but but that's what I'm saying like maybe he was sicker than we thought because within the first lake apparently, , he got oxygen while he was still at the White House before they decided to bring him in and then the doctor was really cagey about whether or not he was still needing oxygen supplementation. . You correct we're kind of talking about two different things. . So you're correct in that there's a mismatch between the different things that we're being told. . When did he contract it? ? When did he know? ? Was He? ? When did it become symptomatic? ? How sick was he did he require oxygen? ? Did he have pneumonia the his doctors being cagey about all of these things but we did learn that he did on two occasions. . Occasions was temporarily given supplemental oxygen because Oh two's rations dropped, , which means there was some pulmonary involvement but the steroids is a different issue I. . Don't think that's a manifestation of him being sicker than we were told because he would not be out of the hospital now if that were the case. . That's a manifestation I. . think of them throwing everything at him to get him better as quickly as possible even if it's not necessarily the best thing. . It could backfire sicker. . Yeah. . I I don't know what's going on behind closed doors but. . Wouldn't give that at this stage of the illness and I've read multiple articles of of of covert nineteen treating doctor saying just doesn't make any sense this. . There's no scenario where he should be getting steroids at

president Steve Count White House Steven Novella Walter Reed Hospital Cara Santa Maria Bob Novella Evan Bernstein superficialities Tad pneumonia
The Skeptics Guide For Wearing Masks

The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

05:35 min | 9 months ago

The Skeptics Guide For Wearing Masks

"Roll come to this country. The Universe today is Wednesday July eighth twenty twenty, and this is your host. Steven Novella joining me this week or Bob Novella, everybody, Cara, Santa, Maria, howdy, and Jane, Novella Hey guys I've been. Bernstein is out this week. Is Neck deep in other people's taxes. Guys Do. You know what he's. He had like a weird like mid tax break which he's never had before. Pick about it right? Yeah I, think everybody did. Last night. So like screw this finishing this crap I hate it and also I think the thing. Is Nobody really knew what was going to happen, but a lot of people got hit super hard, which is why the tax deadline was pushed back so they're like I can't afford to pay my taxes right now, but maybe come July all be in better place financially. Unfortunately, a lot of people are even worse place financially now. There's just kind of kicking. The can down the road speaking of that Steve What are the latest numbers are not good. You know especially in the United States so worldwide. We've surpassed twelve million cases with over five hundred and fifty thousand deaths. In the U, s where over three million cases and Around, one hundred thirty thousand deaths, at least that number's always because probably more. And you know it's just in the US just exactly what we warned about. We're seeing the second hump in the first wave and the greatest number of new cases per day is happening right now. This is a greater surge than we had back in March and April, and this is what we talked about. What happens when we start to open up what happens if then cases start to surge again, what will be? Do you know people have lockdown fatigue? The economy's already taken a big hit from the first lockdown. Some states opened up too quickly. They didn't do it properly with enough testing and contact tracing. And now we're seeing this really bad second wave and the sad thing is. They're having to do it kind of haphazardly like they're the states where they said. Okay we want to reopen, so they never really fully lockdown or they did, but they only stayed lockdown for like two weeks, and then they were like okay bars. We got to reopen. We got to get the economy going. And now the cases are just bananas out of Control and so they're doing this like quick quick. Quick your mask back on, and it's kind of like it's haphazard. It's not clean. It doesn't feel as controlled. And I think that's where things really do. Fall through the cracks, and then, of course we have this whole. Political Anti Mask Movement. That does seem to correlate with some of the same states where we're seeing these spikes. We definitely see in California. I mean you know in more conservative districts, but there are sort of marbled in California, so I definitely hear it even in L. A., it's not as common but. Not that Far Away San Bernardino County's very close, and you see the people. Holding angry signs and it's just. Did you guys hear that they did? A study showed that if they mandated mask you have. Made it pretty much requirement? Everyone wearing masks in public that they could save forty five thousand lives over the course of I'm not sure what the course of the period the period of time would be I think like three or four months. Five thousand I mean if that number that was that was fairly solid number. Would what else would you need but like okay, then we're. We're doing this. You have to wear a mask in public period. Almost the Vietnam War right there. Yeah, no more was fifteen thousand so imagine we could save the same number of lives lost over ten years the Vietnam War just by wearing I think it's such a profound number that we're not even equipped intellectually to really understand that that much right like I don't know forty thousand people I can't picture forty five thousand people sitting in a room I don't know what that looks like. I look like a baseball football stadium. Wouldn't that be roughly? Park, speech larger than the student body of my Alma Mater and speaking of masks. Study this week very that people might be interested in, so they just compared different types of masks, and how well they work, and of course the ones that you think should work the best do right so the ninety nine masks supposed to stop ninety nine percent of the virus were the best followed by end ninety five of course block, Ninety five percent of the virus, and their tests show that those numbers roughly accurate. And then followed by surgical masks, so they were the next, so those are the ones that healthcare workers are using, and they do work the best for the homemade ones they said was the best so actually interestingly, using vacuum cleaner filters was the best like homemade option. Just make a little pocket in your mask. You put those filters in there, and you can replace them like if they get moisture used. And that was the best using any kind of a close. We've. tight-knit cotton was good. They said what did not work is wearing. A scarf doesn't really do much to the only a slightly better than no mascot, all or a t shirt like pulling a t shirt up over. Your face doesn't work very much at all either so stick with the. multi-player cotton, and if you put a filter

United States Steven Novella California Bob Novella Bernstein Steve What San Bernardino County Jane Alma Mater Santa Maria Baseball L. A. Football
The Skeptics Guide

The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

08:32 min | 10 months ago

The Skeptics Guide

"Today is Wednesday June, twenty, four, th twenty twenty, and this is your host Steven Novella joining me this week or Bob Novella. Cara Santa Maria Addy Jada Villa Hey. Guys and Evan Bernstein good evening, folks. How is everyone doing? Well Steve Good question. Yeah I've realized now that I really know how well I'm doing. I'm trying to figure out like. What twenty twenty like I don't know. Should I talked to you about how? I'm feeling today or ninety eight point six? Yeah, Vega question. It is a big question because it's. Everything is so weird. You know it is yeah, it's not natural. For data, let's go over. The covert numbers is so here's the. Interesting thing because if you look at the curve for the world, we're still on the upswing. This this pandemic is is accelerating still. Yep, we haven't even crested the first wave. You know if you're looking at new daily cases worldwide that slope is still increasingly going up if Daily new cases, the greatest single number of new cases on June, nineteenth, one, hundred, eighty, two, thousand, one, hundred and eighty two cases June nineteenth. So you know that we have to keep that in mind. I think if you're on a part of the world that's past the crest of the wave. It feels like it's over, but it really isn't and the United. States is a microcosm of that right because the wave is going through the United States and the the. The northeast were four of the five of us live were passed the peak and we're on the downslope, but other than the northeast rest of the country and most states are still increasing. There's still pre crest. You know of that I believe we have like a weird thing where we were extended in California now it's like getting worse again like we thought we were on the other side of it, but then when we opened of course well, that's the other thing. Nope the opening, so it's kind of a by humped wave because we did manage to flatten up, and now it's turning, but we didn't really turn it down, but it did start in those in some states it was flat, and then they opened up cautiously, and that's good, and then some states opened up not so cautiously, and they're surging. They are spending Arizona is the worst right now, but Farda Florida. Yes, or then a bunch of other states are really spiking. You know so. We're not out of the woods yet. You know he's this again. This is the the the. This is the home stretch, but this is that part of the marathon where like you really gotta dig down and keep going? And that's challenging because. Everyone wants to be outside. We all WanNa be at the beach. We all want to be at parties and social gatherings. It's a normal time of year otherwise to do those sorts of things. But. We still have to be cautious and take all the precautions necessary so total cases worldwide nine point, five million total deaths, four, hundred and eighty, three thousand are approaching half a million in the US for a Ching one hundred twenty thousand deaths. That's what are the projection Steve? So it's really hard. Yes, we're. We're at at least one hundred nineteen thousand. They're saying in the US alone two point three million cases. This is almost certainly an underestimate underestimate. The states that are that are spiking the most South Carolina Florida, Texas Oklahoma and Idaho. Rope I've read. One model, one analysis that says that this I wave is probably gonNA, and with about two hundred thousand. That's about where we're going to land and then second waves. Anyone's guess right? It depends on what happened at that point, but given that we're at one hundred nineteen now and most states are still on the increase that seems like a reasonable estimate. But then you the farther out you go. Obviously, the more variables there are so becomes harder to predict and like there's still the big unknown of. When a vaccine is going to become available here, conflicting things so I think the experts are just making their best gas based upon where we are right now, but nobody could really say for sure, but that could be a game changer will see. This is getting a lot of variables there and don't forget. Some people estimate that or estimate that our numbers now one hundred nineteen thousand could be off by thirty fifty percent could be low by thirty. Really did yeah the. Be. Fifty one specific thing I wrote my my science based medicine blog this morning on this mess event held in Phoenix Mega Church. Because heard about this. Yeah, I was actually interviewed for inside edition which they would last night and I wrote about it today as well, and they're holding a trump rally. They're actually they did yesterday, right? But the the the owners of the Church said. We're good. We're okay because we've installed this special air ventilation air filtration system that will remove ninety nine percent ninety nine point nine percent of the covert virus within ten minutes. So everyone is saw every leasing. Why don't we have? Every plane if that works, yeah, the church is a massive complex, but it has a main auditorium that can hold several thousand people at one time, so it's it's bad. 'cause like this big kind of some somewhat circular auditorium. So you know I wrote an article basically breaking down why that claim that is total nonsense the idea that if you have an effective air filtration system. That you can mask either in side so a couple. Quick points hit. The highlights the idea that it removes ninety nine point nine percent of the virus that. Isolation is plausible because filters can do that, the question is how much time would it take to do that now? They said ten minutes, but that's based upon study of a small closed, sealed off room,

United States Steve Good Twenty Twenty Cara Santa Maria Addy Steven Novella Evan Bernstein Church Bob Novella California Arizona Wanna Farda Florida Phoenix Mega Church South Carolina Idaho Oklahoma Texas Florida
The Skeptics Guide

The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

06:24 min | 11 months ago

The Skeptics Guide

"Hello and welcome to the skeptics guide to the universe today. Is Wednesday June third twenty twenty and this is your host. Steven Novella joining me this week or Bob Novella everybody Cara Santa Maria, had a Jay Novella Guys Evan? Bernstein good evening. Folks you all doing today well pretty. Trying hard, it's been a tough week and a tough week. That's happened since our last show. A little bit co vid. UPDATES I like we usually do so. The numbers are continued to increase of course, but you know in the US definitely is a leveling off. The parts of the country that peaked I are starting are the the new cases, the number of new cases are declining, but some other parts of the country where that peaked later are still on the upswing, and some are even spiking a little bit, and so we're you know again as I said before beginning that transition to the next phase where we're starting to partially roll things out, and I think the next month or two. Two is going to really tell a lot about how things are going to go, you know. Do you think that's because like the most populated cities it did tend to peak I and so even if like the more rural areas or suburban or less populated areas are now starting to see their cases peaking, it's just like in terms of gross numbers. Fewer people yeah I. Think so. Yeah, this is Dan. We're definitely getting into the more rural phase of the spread of the virus now right absolutely plus also in the news. No zombies have showed up yet Let's get. Out about that a little of both j little both all right Bob I'll I'll surprise you. One of these nights I'll come over your house. I'll dress up. I'll do the whole thing. But I imagine. How another hydroxy chloroquine study came out. This one showing does not protect people from acquiring Kovic. So you can give it as a preventive to people who are not does not reduce their risk of getting it. On the good side the study, the first study of convalescent convalescent plasma plasma from people who are who covered nineteen and got better. Show that it was safe. This was an open label trial. Not Out of control try. This is a phase. One safety trial showed that it was safe, and the I think it was like twenty people, or whatever in the study they rose more than ever one thousand nine of them recovered, so they they did. They did well the. Test, yeah, yes. This April plasma is with antibodies and so again not wasn't an efficacy trial, so we can't say really that it works based on this trial. We didn't feel them, but yeah, but it looked. It looks preliminarily positive, but we'd now. This will pave the way for for an efficacy trial where we compare it to. Control. So that's good and. Now half with you my second week working in the hospital and he'll nap. Have you had a recent test? Now? I've been tested. They're only testing happy only testing symptomatic hype. Initially we record the show last week I'd only were there for a few days and it is a bit of a shock know after two months of being in lockdown to be stroll around the hospital. Full of sick people was. Different experience. Culture shock yeah in a way, but now I'm sort of seeing the other side of it. Yeah I think we got this lockdown pretty tight in that. The people working in the hospital are all really diligent. What I mean like everyone's wearing a mask wearing gloves washing in and out of patient rooms are guarding the protective gear you know. Doing doing social. And and you know we've made lots of workflow changes. You know we're not doing the on mass rounds that we used to do. We've really changed how how we're doing things and they'll probably be like the new normal for quite some time absolutely. The next year's fair Paris fashion show is going to be you know gowns and masks, and all sorts of protective equipment might be you never. Know. What it! Might be, that's just how how interesting so I mean this is this is. A risk of four hundred and fifty thousand people, healthcare workers have contracted covid nineteen around the world. Aches so. Out Obviously it's a higher risk than. Being in the hospital I. Mean you think about it? A hospital is the worst place to be. Spreading disease covert, which was thinking about it, so it's a space. Building. Con- confined to some extent with tons of people. Many of whom are sick and you're people, large groups of people are moving around the hospital like literally going into different patients rooms. You know what I mean, so it's like it's a complete setup for the trainer allows all of totally this is why. The precautions have been have been increasing over the course of my career. You know over the course of historical time as infectious diseases get more menacing, and this is just the latest iteration of that, and I do think that there's going to be permanent changes to how hospitals functions function in response to covert one, thousand, nine, hundred, probably because over nineteen, going to be a permanent addition to our Germans fear so. Did you like there were changes after after Mersa started to become A. Hundred thousand people are in hospital. I mean there's there's specific protocols. If someone's mercer positive as specific protocol associated with that I, have one patient on my service now. WHO's positive? It's a gown and glove. Every time you go in, and that's always been the case since mercer was discovered. And it's very common so same things same things with other antibiotic resistant. Bacteria and also certain respiratory. Infections and tuberculosis like every time there's a new big infectious disease pretty much permanently changes practice, so, but the thing is so i. am feeling better I. think in a way is like we got this. You know we're doing everything we can do. We're of minimizing it. The professionalism is definitely there and I think. Healthcare workers is getting more experience with covenant. We're learning a lot about it, so we're sort of getting a grip on it, but there's just no way around the fact that it's a risk and that already there's been a huge price paid by healthcare workers for for being on

Bob Novella Steven Novella Mercer United States Bernstein Cara Santa Maria Chloroquine Evan Paris Kovic DAN Infections Aches Tuberculosis Mersa
"cara santa" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

06:27 min | 11 months ago

"cara santa" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

"Are Bob Novella. Everybody Cara Santa Maria. How Bella? Hey Guys Evan Bernstein. Good evening folks guys show. This show is number seven. Seven seven pool have some significance so way I always forget care. What was the first numbered show you did with us? I have no idea five hundred and something right. It's five something. Yeah it was like how many years ago four years ago now or five years ago. Four resist a longest podcasting relationship. You've ever had we'll relationship. Yeah but my podcast. Has I was doing for a year before I joined. Su So talk nerdy which is weekly. But I take two weeks off in the summer. I'm sorry In the holiday so it's fifty episodes a year. I just put out episode three. Oh Nine Nice. Yeah so you know you guys obviously have been doing it for. What is that fifteen years? Fifteen our in our sixteenth and I've been doing S I. I've been doing for six years over six years and I think I've been with you guys now over five years. Yeah Oh and according to trusted psychic mediums dot com angel numbers. The Angel Number is seven seven seven so I was watching live today. The launch of SPACEX. Yes I watched it to the turned on the cameras and everything two and a half hours right before launch. Start WATCHING YEP cool things. Got The fifteen minutes fifteen minutes. It was actually. It was sixteen minutes and some odd seconds but I actually. I watch for two hours. I watched for two hours. I was such a fan boy when it comes to this. There's something about a remember when I was a kid. I remember like being so into the space missions and just thought it was such an awesome thing that was going on that like the adults. Do you know it was such and such a powerful thing. That was happening so here. Here's a bunch of observations. I made today one the crew arm. Which is the walkway that the astronauts and support grew access. The dragon capsule. It's really cool. It's really cool In there called the white room which is the very last place that they stand before they get on to the module and this this was That name was used before In previous missions where they had to walk the gangplank to get to get out to the The the command module they should play the white out mother in the White Room. I found out something else. I thought was really cool. They USE NITRA CTS to test to make sure the suits are pressurized. What to trucks? Yes so it's a gas that they can detect and what happens is I guess they they? They put it into the suit and the suit leaks. Then a nighthawks detector in the capsule will pick it up And they'll know that came out of the suit so again. They said today during the two hours that I got to watch this. That the suits primary function is to protect the crew from depressurization. So like I said last time I talked about this. That though suits indeed can handle full depressurization which is really awesome and another thing is seats in the Dragon's swivel. Meaning that shorter there in the mode that where they put the astronauts in the seats the form fitted seats and then they swivel them up and back. And that's where they gain access to the interface the touchscreen and analog interface that they have and they get to hold their cat and pettit in their up as they swivel dragon. Capsule WAS DESIGNED FROM SCRATCH. Twelve years ago completely from scratch. Meaning that they they've used. There was no legacy nothing in there. There was all brand new material. And they've been continuously upgrading it and improving it and making it more functional depending on you know if is it going to hold a equipment is it can hold depressurized equipment. Is it going to hold equipment? That needs to be pressurized so I thought that was really cool. It's a really interesting thing to think about when you go back to the beginning of the space shuttle. We're going back to the eighties Yeah degraded anyone feel any anxiety today alongside excitement sure yes. I detected a real cause. I'm not normally anxious person. But I I detected anxiety in me. Well they're starting to think about Seattle starting to think about all the things that could possibly go wrong here and that started i. I kept it in check but it was definitely present and we lived through Challenger and then Columbia all right so first of all. I think the excitement Evan adds to the stress and anxiety adds to the excitement of kind of turns into like the relief. Feeling that you get when you know that they got past the most dangerous part which of course is the take off till they get into quote unquote outer space. Not Saying it's not dangerous there you know when they're when they separate from the booster from the rocket that's a big deal. That's that's good. That's that's when you're you're no longer strapped to a rocket filled with combustible material. Don't be sad. That they scrubbed the mission today they. They did a dry test last week. And this was a wet test because they filled the ship upright. So it's it's a good thing to test. It's just another layer of testing. That happened and you know. We got a few more days for the next launch. I have to admit something though. I didn't realize that they fill the SHIP UNTIL THIRTY MINUTES. Before it takes off. Yeah Yeah you don't want you don't want to the fuel sitting there with adding their at risk. I agree braking evaporate out to some way. There'd be some type of evaporation but yeah I just didn't realize that they can fill those tanks up that quickly which they can so. The next launch is scheduled for Saturday. The day the show is is airing three twenty two PM eastern daylight time but of course you know that's dependent on the weather as well but apparently there's another launch window the following day. It'll be the Sunday will be back. Update.

Evan Bernstein White Room Cara Santa Maria Bob Novella SPACEX Bella depressurization Challenger Seattle pettit Columbia
The Skeptics Guide

The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

09:11 min | 1 year ago

The Skeptics Guide

"Today is Wednesday March Eleventh Twenty Twenty and this is your host Steven Novella joining me this week or Bob Novella. Everybody Cara Santa Maria. Addy Jane Avella. Hey guys and Evan Bernstein. Good evening folks. So it's official the World Health Organization who has declared a worldwide pandemic. Welcome APPS. Well yeah we were. Just I mean we were at this point. We were there just still. It's a milestone only. It is at some point like it's like a certificate you would put on your kids wall. I survived the pandemic t shirt when he wanted story. It's only the third time right. You got the Spanish flu in the late. Nineteen we have the wealth twenty eleven and this burglar twenty eleven. No it was a big enough current pandemics HIV AIDS in Corona virus recent pandemics include nineteen eighteen influenza and the two thousand nine flu pandemic. You're right Steve H. One and one bird flu right or is that swine flu swine flu swine flu and then HIV AIDS. Though it is a global pandemic. It's been categorized. Okay all right we're will make sense. It makes sense so thousand case three thousand cases in the US. Italy is you know they're in the middle. I think of their epidemic China's on the other side of their heirs right. We're just gearing up so now we're in. The phase of social distancing is kind of the word of the day for the US so you know events are being canceled left and right no non essential travel. People are starting to talk about taking their kids out of schools now ours our high school. They're basically gearing up there sending emails out saying that you may have to shut down. We haven't decided yet. But this is what we're GonNa do if we do. And there's sort of laying out the plan threes and it seems inevitable. A lot of colleges are saying we're doing all online classes for the rest of the semester. I'm lucky that I go to school. That's mostly online anyway so I feel like my professors are really prepared. They know what to do. They've been really up to date with everything getting the emails out about plans for in person meetings but I feel bad for a lot of the professors who have never taught online before because it's a totally different skill set and you have to know what to do. Yeah and they're just going to be thrown into it and also the students who have never done online classes like it requires a different amount of self efficacy. I don't know what are we gonNA have older professors taking pieces of chalk and trying to write on so it looks like as of today today the eleventh. Yes yeah one hundred. Eighteen thousand three hundred twenty six confirmed cases globally and four thousand two hundred ninety two deaths. That's that's alive sewer. We'll be talking about a couple of corona virus related news items a bit later in the show. But yeah this is. You know we've been talking about it. You know obviously for months giving the updates and now we were just hitting. I think we could see the peak coming now. You know in. Us As least and a Lotta experts are saying now. Basically everyone's GonNa get exposed. You know it's really just a matter of. How quickly is it going to happen? The key is we want to slow it down as much as possible so it doesn't overwhelm our resources so it's not that we're GONNA keep it. We're not going to keep it from spreading. We're just going to slow the spread because that's a huge difference there were some jackass on. Tv saying just to expose everybody now with opposite. WanNa do we because then the mortality spikes when you run out of things like then a laters beds. It's not going to be literally everybody. It's going to spread through the population. But that doesn't mean everybody's going to be exposed right. I think that everyone is not going to necessarily contract it. The infectivity is not one hundred percent now. But unless you're like seriously isolated you're probably going to get exposed there whole countries where there's only like three cases. Yeah it'll get there eventually. That's the point that's what they're saying it's GONNA it's the human population has no immunity right. So it's a naive population. And it's going to make the rounds. It's going to eventually. Just make the rounds all over the world and then it'll slow down mainly because people will have either most people have already been infected. They won't be enough new. You know naive hosts to keep it going and do we know that you can't be reinfected. Well you'll have. Some level of immunity may not necessarily be one hundred percent of your no longer naive host. You have an immune system that seen seen this virus before the other thing is we want to slow it down and maybe an Iraq seen in twelve to eighteen months we have a vaccine and maybe we further slow it down and also. Maybe it'll be a seasonal situation and it actually will naturally slow down over the summer and give people some relief up until the new season starts if it operates seasonally. Yeah so any of the other thing that everyone is saying which is correct is don't panic but use your commonsense. You know just to avoid unnecessary contact with lots of evil face mask in the. Yeah yeah at least. Some Clark's wipes for the rest of us. Please honks toilet paper yeah please? The Toilet Paper Discusses Shelves Empty. And also don't be getting into fistfights over toilet paper at Costco. It's embarrassing yeah. We don't need a Thanksgiving Black Friday incident. Oh they're all over the world embarrassing. Okay Kerry you're going to give us a what's the word? Yes Oh. This word was sentenced by Linda from Petaluma California. She said I teach chemistry in high school and this term came up recently. So I figured I'd share with you and the whole crew. It's one I've always loved for the simple fact that I find it fun to say out loud. Always a good one to bring up in casual conversation and the word that she recommended is. Moity and Moya and many many of you have asked that we spell the words each week and this is an especially. I think. Necessary one dispel M. E. T. Y. Yeah it's a good one right and so I'm going to start a little bit with the etymology. Because then I think it makes more sense. When you look at all the different usages. Because it's true I had only ever heard of this word in a chemistry context but it apparently also has a sociology context as starting Brooklyn. No it's okay kind of were all French and it also has a property definition so the etymology of the word. Yeah it's from the Latin originally but the first time that has started to look like is old French around the fifteenth century in that usage it meant an equal half a half part or a share which is basically still its definition is just become a little bit more specific over time so if you look in like a dictionary definition you're gonNa find that it means let's see Miriam Webster. Which is kind of the American standard will say one of two equal parts. A half or one or two approximately equal parts or one of the portions into which something is divided or one of two basic complimentary tribal subdivisions and if you look at Cambridge Cambridge Dictionary. You'll see something similar. Apar- share something especially when it's divided into two parts but there they've added the chemistry definition but they just wrote a part of a molecule which is honestly not very specific. So if you really start to dig deep into the term you'll see that again. There are basically three main utilizations. There's the chemistry. Utilization Utilization Kinship and then a Moi early title which is a legal term that describes a portion of title ownership. So if it's like a divided tidal which is kind of interesting make sense in kinship. You'll see it. Referring oftentimes to tribal groups usually native American or specifically Iroquois or Australian aboriginal kinship groups. And also. I think there's a native Hawaiian kinship group and with that respect. Moi Eighty is like when there's a group that descends from a larger group and only hangs out with one other group

United States Twenty Twenty Cara Santa Maria Steven Novella World Health Organization Jane Avella Evan Bernstein Bob Novella Aids Official Cambridge Cambridge Dictionary Italy China Moi Eighty HIV Costco Miriam Webster
"cara santa" Discussed on Bad Science

Bad Science

02:05 min | 1 year ago

"cara santa" Discussed on Bad Science

"R. O. S. Sausalito so the website and share that with a brother of yours. No I think any Palumbo was taken and then I don't know that kind of came up and Danny. Yeah yes I mean. It's probably really sounds cool. There's another one on twitter. I mean I'm probably the cooler. WanNa Bruce Glory IOS. There's another one out there. Okay obviously bring Games is coming out on specific date unspecific. Listening to Spring Games is already out. And there's some really incredible oh episodes. They're all themed so each Monday. At nine. Eight central you can see on National Geographic Channel like basically all over the world. It's much you have to check it out and if you want to check got my podcasts. It's Talk Nerdy DOT COM DOT COM. There's a million ways to just google talk nerdy skeptics guide and yes same thing twitter and instagram at Care Maria. Yeah yes so there is all your shit. That's care with a C.. Because you can't see it because you're listening to me at Care Center. Maria on twitter and on instagram at there's Enron was taking some late to the party. There underscores on there but weirdly. I googled once and I. I think I'm the only Cara Santa Maria in America. which is we have a weird name right? So how's awesome. So maybe there's another one but she's not showing up on the lake census. Okay we'll You guys be Nice Nice on the Internet attack. The other the please don't no one's GonNa dachshund anybody. Mary Anti Joker yes. No of course follow both of these wonderful people. They're fantastic subscribe talk nerdy and watch brain games and we'll get back together for joker to and Pasta the. Oh my God if I would love to I'll bring the Mike and the preempt some headphones and we'll go to your place and we'll bring for folks I don't have you you don't you're all right. Yeah thanks that Signs is hosted and produced by me and Edinburgh Associated Producers. Emily Feld our editor. Is Lucas Bolinger and the executive pro dancing.

twitter Care Maria Cara Santa Maria Palumbo R. O. S. Sausalito Mike Emily Feld Danny Lucas Bolinger Enron Care Center Edinburgh Associated Producers instagram Wan editor executive America.
"cara santa" Discussed on Bad Science

Bad Science

05:39 min | 1 year ago

"cara santa" Discussed on Bad Science

"Waterbed science. I'm an Edinburgh and today we are talking about joker. It's the highest grossing rated R.. Film ever made which I didn't know until this morning very surprising. Yes the to shock people right in front of me I will introduce right now. First of all a comedian and writer Danny Palumbo up. Hey thanks for having me absolutely Danielle a food writer is that correct right like actual intelligence. Thanks wait a minute. What does that mean? I write about like chicken Parmesan okay. It's not but thank you so much. I I will tell you very welcome. I would prefer if half of this podcast was just about. You're gonNA love chicken parm. We can do it okay. Good so before we get into that. I want to introduce our other guest. She is a journalist. A science communicator and author Cara Santa Maria. Hi How's it going. How are you? I'm doing very well. Thanks for joining us. You also have a podcast in fact you were telling me you have to Putt guests. Yeah so I I have a podcast talk nerdy where I interview scientists every week or science writer and then I'm also the fifth rogue we call ourselves roads we're massive nerds skeptics guide to the universe so that show has been around for I think fourteen years now which is ancient podcast dinosaur. Pumpkin is and I've been on it for about five years with the guy is fantastic and you are also a field. Host for the reboot of Brain Games. Yes geographic new show. I mean old show new leave reimagined imagined okay so hosted by Keegan Michael Key. I'm the field correspondent and I drop some science on the show and also Lear Suchart. Who is the master mental EST as they they call the master meant? Why don't you have a cool title? Awesome so my background. I have a masters in neuroscience I was working neuroscientists for for several years. Now I've actually years later after doing all this work in science communication decided to go back to school and I'm a third year. PhD Student in Clinical Psychology Ecology relevant to this topic. Yes yeah and I see patients at the dumbest person in the room right now is always the bullet absolutely. Yeah Yeah big time asked me about sports and your opinion will change. I mean honestly. It's one of those things I feel like. We're maybe the more you know about sports. The number you are. I don't WanNa make that generalization. I feel like that might be true. I'm not sure it's like why do I know so many stats about basketball. It's not GonNa help me in life. It's not gonNA help me learn. I Bet you knowing those things has has actually helped you secured job before has helped you make brands. It's actually been a lubricant. Those suck guys are idiots. Man They are jerks. Okay but yeah we are talking about joker today. I had not seen this movie until yesterday. I think the same same thing. Okay and what. How did you guys feel when you first saw the movie? I'll start with you guys. Did you enjoy the movie. 'cause it was very hyped yet. It was so hyped and then I heard some things from different people like a lot of people. Like you're GONNA love it you're GonNa love it because of your background in science or or psychology and then I've heard from other people you're GONNA hate it you're gonNA hate it because like all the cells really loved this movie and it was the whole thing around that so I was interested and and I don't think it let me down. I think it's exactly what I expected it to be. Nothing more. Nothing less sort of. I think everyone kind of knew it would be a little uncomfortable right. I'm on twitter all day Mike. I'm on the Internet way too much so like this movie. Kinda got ruined a little bit early on I was like I'm not going to see it. Because everyone has an opinion about it I would just rather think about something else. Chicken Farm uh-huh farm sports stats so I was like you know. And then I I didn't watch until you assigned as homework. I enjoyed it as a fan of like even been sort of like a a comic book movies and stuff like Batman I was like Oh this is a good iteration of that. Yes there were some things where I was like. Oh I I like what they did with the Wayne family and like you know of course they would be rich assholes right. I kind of like that aspect of it but I'd be very uncomfortable also but I you know I did enjoy it. I like movies that make them feel a little uncomfortable. Chirpy Yeah I off and I think it has to be said that walking Phoenix's performance is really. What carries is this film right? I mean he was just absolutely tremendous cannot take your eyes off him and I signed was let down a little bit from the movie but then also really excited and thought it was like super unique that this was a quote unquote like Superhero movie. Because he's like a villain in the Superhero universe but felt like a real movie like a real guy real life Yup dark British film and I hope that because it's so successful they keep making this kind of lower budget superhero right as opposed to sort of what marvel did in. Yes see. That's what I was going into like. Well this is still better than like shelvin another marvel character down our throats worried you know every step and beat. That's going to happen in the movie. I'm GonNa Lisa's challenging something. Something Yeah Fair. I think the anti hero character of joker allows for that more than some of these other like. If you have a superhero who has to be able to fly. We're like transform into a hulk like I think you have to show people that in the movie and that's probably why so many comic book movies lend themselves to these like big budget lots of CG joker didn't didn't require that but like you guys. I think that's why I liked it more because unlike you I actually like legit. Hey comic book movies. It's not I'm not really into fantasy films or Lake Superhero films that much. I'm much more into like think-i gritty like and so. I think this movie really sat well with me but also I think because as of that it was like it was good. It was good but it wasn't like mind blowing to me because I watch movies like this all the time where people who expected a comic book movie they were like Lanese. That's why I like Batman. He's grounded in a little more in reality. You have power and joker works as an origin story for or Batman to which I thought was cool. Although that auditing idiot.

writer Batman Cara Santa Maria Keegan Michael Key Edinburgh Danny Palumbo Danielle Clinical Psychology Ecology basketball twitter Lear Suchart Chicken Farm Putt Lanese Phoenix Mike
"cara santa" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

03:58 min | 2 years ago

"cara santa" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

"You're listening to the skeptics guide to the universe. You're scape to reality. Welcome to the skeptics guide to the universe. Today is Tuesday January fifteenth twenty nineteen and this is your host even Avella joining this week or Bob Bella everybody CARA Santa Maria, Hattie j novella guys and Evan Bernstein last. Aw, you guys have seen SpaceX is new rocket which they're now calling to starship. Of course, this is the also steel exterior, and it looks like it's right out of the nineteen fifties. Yeah. It is definitely retro design. I would think that my first thought of that rocket was is aren't there like a lot of design concepts being broken here that, you know, can you make a rocket look like those cool rockets are not well, it looks like the most conserved shape, you can think of it's like perfect for yet. Aerodynamics right. I do know, Bob. And I were having a nose cone discussion not too long ago, and there is like real deep complicated. Math about the shape of nose cones. Depend. On what what they have underneath them and the way to the rocket and all this stuff like, you know, rocket science. So. I look at this ship, and I'm like, it's just beautiful. It's just beautiful. Like, it doesn't seem like anybody cared about the design from a engineering aspect. Do what? I mean. It's just cool. And that's why would shock ready close. It's pretty close to the proportions and shape of the ship from our logo not exact, but it's pretty close. Yeah. Needs to be taller. Oh, wow. Does that mean, we get naming rights cool? Yeah. There's also a lot of talk about the fact that there was so much steel used in the construction which like wait steel, why not why not use a composites or or titanium or something. But actually, it makes a lot of sense for the the stresses and the kind of the kind of launch it's going to be to use steel. Does anyone? No, one more some more details about that. Well, I mean, it's consistent with the one point. I did this deep dive on like what's the best material to build stuff? And yeah, it's amazing. How steel is depending on the alloy in the way to made at cetera is still pretty much cutting edge material for a lot of things. I mean, obviously, as you say, we have composites we have advanced materials that are are lighter etcetera, but still a still a great building material. And from what I could tell though now this thing is not going to is not going to be able to launch from the surface of the earth, you know, and take off and go into orbit that will be for when say it's on the moon or Mars, it will be able to do that. So they're going to have a booster underneath this. When they. Launched from the earth. So that was something you might not expect those rockets looked pretty small if you look at the ship. Those rockets don't look like it'd be able to put that thing into orbit. And also, I think those are mockups anyway. And and also and another good reason why that that probably wouldn't be at least it wouldn't be very efficient is the is the nozzle that the bell shaped nozzle there. I mean, that's one of the reasons why why you have multiple stages to orbit is. Because that the shape of that nozzle is is really specific to one type of atmospheric pressure once shape for that for that bell shape is not good for a launch from the earth. So that's one of the reasons I believe why they multiple stages are are so much more efficient not only getting rid of all that extra weight. But also, the exhaust nozzle has has a more efficient shape for that level of the atmosphere and atmosphere pressure that you're under. So that's why there's been talk and designs for those for those inverted, those inverted nozzles that are that are really freaky. Looking weird. It's a weird inverted shape of the nozzle. They're efficient. They're relatively efficient throughout the entire height of the atmosphere. Whereas the classic shape is efficient for only specific specific altitudes each to more as as gains altitude constantly optimize itself. Right. That would be maximally that'd be maximally efficient and maybe some day. We'll get there..

rockets Bob Bella Avella CARA Santa Maria Evan Bernstein Hattie j
"cara santa" Discussed on The Scathing Atheist

The Scathing Atheist

03:24 min | 2 years ago

"cara santa" Discussed on The Scathing Atheist

"You guaranteed on air insult and any donation at all get you entered into a drawing to win an insult before. It's all over the fundraiser goes on to midnight on the twenty first or you haven't 'til thanksgiving to get on the action. And of course, partnering with us again this year are Tom and see. So from the cognitive dissonance podcast, Tom sees a welcome back to the show. Guys. This is my Christmas. No, I wouldn't miss it. And I'm only in a Bo we gotta talk. Record from home. Now. All right. All right. Why don't we do video? All right. You know, why we don't video. Nice. It's really nice. It's honest. Fairly handle audio here. All right. So last time we did this we raised over twenty five thousand dollars as of this recording. We're only six days in and we've already raised ten thousand five hundred and thirty five dollars an eighty two cents. What the hell was that? He li- we're recording two segments tonight and Tom cease aren't playing there's two later. This is going to keep it consistent. Oh, yeah. You fucking crushing dude. Absolutely fucking crushing. Thank you best friend. We are not best friends. Okay. See the roasting is already started. All right. All right. But I'll tell you what it gets better. If by one week from today today being Thursday the day. This comes out we can make it to twenty thousand dollars. We're gonna force heath end right to read an article that ally found on the internet called twelve millennials who aren't voting and why we're gonna do it out loud. We're gonna all sit in on the call. According rose just making stuff up rand. Don't make up a significant amount of our listeners. That would be uncomfortable weird. All right. So without further ado, let's get this whole thing started. This year's very first donor hunter who would like us to roast their dad. Ooh, hunters dad looks like Stephen Baldwin stunt double in a movie about a killer tanning booth. Let's make a great cheerleader because he's constantly trying to pick up teenage girls. He looks like somebody who's bad at math having a midlife crisis. Like Dennis hopper. Joined boy band is what? Down the ghost of Rutger Hauer coke binge. Understand like, you should be selling ads space for hair plugs for men on his giant fucking four. All right now, Eric would like someone here to roast he lie for forgetting to roast him and his girlfriend when he donated a modest needs for his birthday last time. Would you say, no, I'm sorry. I was listening. I was scrolling through CARA Santa Maria Twitter feed. You know, she almost eighty thousand two hundred dollars. That's mazing. Hey, you I how many do you have? Ally. Do you have something to say to Eric? No. But like you mean, it you and your girlfriend look like if the fault in the stars was about two teenagers who are dying of a disease that slowly turned you more and more Jewish. That kill you. Was you reach a fatal massive. Nineteen forty five Germany..

Tom Eric Rutger Hauer Dennis hopper Stephen Baldwin Germany midlife li CARA Santa rand eighty thousand two hundred do twenty five thousand dollars twenty thousand dollars thirty five dollars one week six days
Nick Pyenson discusses how being a paleontologist helps him study whales

Talk Nerdy

00:0-54 sec | 3 years ago

Nick Pyenson discusses how being a paleontologist helps him study whales

Editor Cara Santa One Hundred Percent
"cara santa" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

01:35 min | 3 years ago

"cara santa" Discussed on The Skeptics' Guide to the Universe

"You are listening to the skeptics guy to the universe you're escape to reality hello and welcome to the skeptics guide to the universe today is wednesday february 14th 2018 and this is your host stephen abella joining me this week art bob davila everybody cara santa cloudy and evan bernstein good evening folks so you may be wondering why were recording on valentine's day rather than having dinner with our significant others right that was the plan we actually planned on recording on tuesday night but this is what happened tuesday thoughts like right at the end of my work day waiting are waiting for my last patient yeah we have this 30 minute buffer like i'll wait thirty minutes from i last patient to show up as jedi yeah and then i get a text from my daughter whose home alone because she could know how to school in the afternoon she text me just when we're dad and then i happen to be it i didn't have a patient at that moment so i i i noticed the text your chances are usually delayed in answer my text by reentered right away i'm like yeah there's water coming in through the ceiling oh law that's very vague and we have our then we might have a little drip or whatever something leaks around the bathtub or something you know so try to suss out with like how bad the says and she's being very nonspecific you know so like there's a hole in the ceiling how big a whole really big oak.

stephen abella bob davila cara santa evan bernstein valentine thirty minutes 30 minute
"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

Talk Nerdy

01:42 min | 3 years ago

"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

"Our heard and are recognised each week so again thank you guys so very much the show is only in existence because of you and is only able to be where it is right now can you believe that i'm on episode what is this one ninety three that's bananas you guys i can't believe i've been doing this for so long now yeah wait when 92 sorry when they do to you know i'm on one 93 i can't even keep track of my mind i've been travelling so much so i got to think about what you do for the two hundred episode if any of you have ideas please hit me up on social media probably you'll get to me the quickest if you hit me up on twitter or through the patriarch page remember i'm at cara santa maria and once again it's patriotic dot com slash talk nerdy all right guys so today i get to chat inperson i love these kinds of interviews with ian harris he he is called the skeptic comedian and he does a lot of really great stand up a row on to the issues that matter to those of us who identify as skeptics he has a new one hour special it's called extraordinary and you can rent it or you can buy it right now on i tunes or amazon so make sure that you search for that he's also got a previous one hour special that you can check out and at an just gugel him you'll find him everywhere he super funny and you're about to realize that right now so without any further ado here he is in harris will ian thank you so much for joining me yeah things around me all right so we just had breakfast it was good who is very good i'm not used to working this early in the morning i say early in the morning it's now noon right.

twitter ian harris amazon one hour
"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

Talk Nerdy

02:00 min | 3 years ago

"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

"Hello everyone and welcome to talk nerdy today is monday january twenty second and i'm your host cara santa maria and not only in my time travelling right now i'm also teleporting i guess that's the right word because currently i am in the netherlands filming for national geographic but this week's episode you guys is so good i got to recorded last week in person which is great i always happy when i get to record episodes in person because there's just a special kind of magic that i i know i don't believe a magic potion issaquah maybe that is a better way to put it that happens when you get to look into somebody's eyes but before we talk about that i want to thank those of you may talk nerdy possible this week remember talk nerdy is and will always be one hundred percent free to download that's because of the support from listeners like yourself many of you support the show you've gone to patriotic dot com and youth pledged any amount fifty sense a dollar per episode five dollars per episode ten dollars represented some of you awesome people even pledge fifty one hundred twenty five dollars i'm gonna go ahead and give you a shout out right now that includes filty bear pedro amorous audio barbosa jeffrey peres charles pay it jonathan right christian jeffrey the honorable husband jae f gabrielle philippi to mule gonzalez brian holden and last but definitely not least jeffrey sue a big shout out to jeffrey sewell your support has been incredible and in many ways you've singlehandedly helped to this podcast keep trucking along guys if you wanna hear and aim at the top of the show you just gotta go to patriotic dot com and pledge our support in any amount over twenty five dollars and there's a new store in the works so soon we're gonna have lots of cool new talk nerdy swag if you have recommendations or interests in the kind of swag that you think i should sell in the store dropped me a line at shop talk nerdy gmailcom i'd love to hear from you.

netherlands brian holden jeffrey sue cara santa jeffrey peres charles jeffrey sewell fifty one hundred twenty five one hundred percent twenty five dollars twenty second five dollars ten dollars
"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

Talk Nerdy

02:06 min | 3 years ago

"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

"Hey hello everyone and welcome to talk nerdy today is monday december fourth and i'm your host cara santa maria this is the last of several podcast intro said i'm recording from the road and actually time travelling even more this time because i'm still in new zealand while i record this i'm about to leave wellington i'm going to stop often op auckland for just a bit and then head on to hong kong and southern china but for now so that i can send my podcast equipment back on home i'm going to go ahead and record the intro to this episode and guys it's going to be a really good one but before i tell you who's on the show i want to thank those of you who help support talk nerdy and remember there's a lot of ways to do it but the whole point of this is that talk nerdy is and will always be one hundred percent free to download it's because of listener support from people like you that people who can't afford to support the show will still be able to listen to it for free my top patrons this week include filty bear timothy glover rob shrek pedro amro's ario barbosa jeffrey peres charles pay it jonathan right christian jeffrey stewart oak the honorable husband jae gabrielle philippi had a mule gonzalez brian holden and jeffrey sewell now if you want to hear your name called out on the show all you've got to do is go to patriarchcomtalk nerdy and pledge our support and remember another great way to support the show now that it's a holiday season is to shop in the talk nerdy store if you go to my website cara santa mariacom and click through to the talk nerdy store you will see that i still have a bunch of things for sale but i'm about to move over to a new style of merchandise store so i've got a sell out of everything i have right now so i'm going to be doing a sale going to be doing its active right now i don't know i said that in the future tense probably because i'm timetrial.

hong kong china pedro amro jeffrey stewart oak jae gabrielle philippi brian holden cara santa wellington barbosa jeffrey peres charles jeffrey sewell one hundred percent
"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

Talk Nerdy

02:00 min | 3 years ago

"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

"Hello everyone and welcome to talk nerdy today is monday november thirteen and i'm your host cara santa maria now this episode of talk nerdy is brought to you by simple contacts super easy way to renew your contact lens prescription or reorder your contacts from anywhere you can get thirty dollars off your contact lenses by visiting simple contacts dot com slash nerdy and entering the promo code nerdy it's a really exciting episode that i've got for you guys today i actually get to talk to the illustrator and animator behind abreu ran new series called the secret world of animal sleep it's on smithsonian earth and i was lucky enough to do the narrow vision for it and orally beat lee made it beautiful and so we're going to dive intel all of that really soon you can watch the first episode for free right now at smithsonian earth dot tvcom slash sleep so i highly recommend you do that maybe you can even have it open while you're listening to the podcast but before i die vin guys i want to thank those of you who have made talk nerdy possible this week and that includes those of you who pledge your support at patriarch dot com slash talk nerdy that's filty bear timothy glover rob shrek pedro amroussa aerial barbosa jeffrey peres charles pay it jonathan right christian jeffrey steward oak the honorable husband jae f gabrielle philippi had a meal gonzales brian holden and jeffrey sewer and there are so many more of you who helped support the show i want to thank you from the absolute bottom of my heart okay one more piece of business before we dive in guys i am travelling to australia and new zealand i'm actually recording this a couple of days before i leave because it's going live on the day that i'm going to be visiting there and after australia and new jersey.

abreu lee jeffrey steward oak cara santa jeffrey peres charles brian holden jeffrey sewer australia thirty dollars
"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

Talk Nerdy

01:36 min | 3 years ago

"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

"Hello everyone and welcome to talk nerdy today's monday november six and i'm your host cara santa maria and today we're going to be talking to author daniel price but before we dive and i want to thank those of you who may talk nerdy possible this week now the number one way to support the show is to visit www dot patriotic dot com slash talk nerdy like the following folks have already done i want to thank filty bear timothy glover rob shrek patron amro sorry about botha jeffrey peres charles payette jonathan right christian jeffrey steward of the honorable husband jae f gap brielle philippi had him you can balance brian hold an and jeffrey sylla if you want a shout out on this show you just gotta pledged twenty five dollars in support per episode but of course anything helps out i've got individuals on my patron who are pledging 25 cents in episode and i am truly truly appreciative of their support it because of support from listeners like you the talk nerdy is and will always be one hundred percent free to download all right guys i'm really excited about today's episode i got to have a chat i'm just a few weeks ago now with daniel price he's an author of a trilogy really he's only written the first two bucks but it's always had the intention of being a trilogy the first book was the flight of the silvers and the book that just recently came out you can get it on amazon right now is the song of the or fans now we talk quite a bit.

daniel price amro jeffrey steward amazon cara santa botha jeffrey peres charles payette jeffrey sylla one hundred percent twenty five dollars
"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

Talk Nerdy

01:39 min | 3 years ago

"cara santa" Discussed on Talk Nerdy

"Hello everyone welcome titov nerdy today's october third 2017 and i'm your host cara santa maria now this week is a fascinating episode i'm joined by caitlyn dodie she's a mortician and a death acceptance advocate but before we dive into that episode i want to let you guys know that i am so incredibly grateful for all of your ongoing support it's because of you that talk nerdy is and will always remain one hundred percent free to download now i'm actually time travelling a little bit because i'm recording this intro while i'm at home and have my quit meant but i'm about to go gallivan tting across the world i'm spending some time in paris and some time in north africa and i'm actually going to be hosting this episode while i am overseas so that's why i'm not going to give specific callouts to anybody who has shown their support on patriotic or pay pal simply because i would hate to leave anybody out so when i get back into town i'll make sure to give everybody credit where it's you but in the meantime i say we dive right in i mentioned before caitlin she actually has a brand new book it's called from here to eternity travelling the world to find the good death as i mentioned she is a mortician and she's also a death acceptance advocate and she has a non profit mortuary in los angeles called undertaking la just fascinating so without any further ado here she is kaitlan dodie.

caitlyn dodie paris los angeles cara santa north africa caitlin one hundred percent
"cara santa" Discussed on Think Again

Think Again

02:02 min | 4 years ago

"cara santa" Discussed on Think Again

"It is shortsighted to presume that that has to happen in the same person that can happen in an assembly of a dozen people on the landscape this cara santa maria who she herself has training and neuroscience has become a science educator popularise or sides communicator and she's interviewed on documentaries hosted shows she's on the landscape to and so i i got avenue which and i'll try to do the best i can and that niche i think i can grow what i do and if it can serve the curious audiences then i'll do it i'm happy to do that if i can and i have the time so to say will cross does this but not that or i do that but not this is a pointless it's a pointless concern right and certainly not what i'm saying it's mark has it was a concern that may actually have no foundation at all indeed well i am that comes to the end of our time together of course it did and before we go i just wanna do due diligence or whatever you would call it for my son is to ten in wanted me to tell you that he is a huge fan and thinks that you're amazing we've been watching cosmos okay excellent at age ten or i can tell you is don't don't look it up that is a particularly delicate years just pre pubishing not quite middle school but still old enough to act on their curiosity without killing themselves regular one zero through three the curious but half of the things they wanna do will kill them right cruel to the edge of this cliff in c was there ten they know how to not kill themselves with they're still curious keep that going and and don't forget an idea i gotta go home and tell my son near the crisis had don't like it up to your right right oh it's up to me i say i see what you're saying yeah yeah yeah yeah thank you thank you so much for your time excellent rate that keep it this going you guys are all onto a good thing here.