19 Episode results for "California Public"
US Regulator Penalizes Utility Company Over 2017/2018 Wildfires
"Keep listening to the news at this hour on Africa Business Radio. California regulator has X. PG and E. Cooperated for governance and oversight changes in its reorganization plan while also proposing penalties about two billion dollars on the San Francisco based utility for its role in causing devestating. Twenty seven twenty eight in wildfires in California. The California Public Utilities Commission said late and Monday that if it wasn't for the regulator we require PG and E. to modify its governance structure summits to an enhanced oversight and enforcement process if it fails to improve safety and creates local operations regions. And that was the news this time when Africa Business Radio you can continue to listen live online at. Www Dot Africa business radio DOT COM or via a mobile APP. Thank you for listening.
Band-Aid On A Bulletwound
"Wildfires raging out of control in California has California Burns again deal with the challenge that this century presents us from WNYC in New York this is on the activists wanted to stay at eight ten comes back it's only a matter of time coming in every month I'd get more of these requests from somebody saying your stories each listener supported Brooke Gladstone with this news alert California is on fire a dangerous house away in San Francisco. California's governor has declared a statewide Arkansas the utility Pacific Gas and electric fish morning Pacific gas and electric blacking the California Public Utilities Commission today they outline how those two fires than happened Blaine says writer Quinn Norton where we lose the forest for the burning a technical debt so technical debt is a term largely used is the Y2k bug The quick and dirty there was that they used to spots and computers need to know what time it is they need to know the date in order to function so this guy didn't fall but that doesn't mean there wasn't the possibility that it might there's millions of man hours and largely fixed it and argue that technical debt isn't just an apt metaphor for the wildfire crisis we do it fast and dirty when we do it in a way that works now without an eye old computer systems or your phone or anything like that that just doesn't work as well as it should Sion's Warren followed regulations didn't exist what about the wide ranging it's too I think the danger of putting everything on PG and E. isn't are not going to be able to fix it what are the moving pieces were missing one start changing but there was a lot of resilience in the ecosystem for that thin the forests in the proper way the way they were before humans got here said it's kind of a no win situation the forests aren't correct for California not prone to burn and then people move into what's called the wildland urban interface all over coastal America anyone building a small seawall is just we're still building on a coast that is threatened by sea level rise unless they're building so you've called California the perfect microcosm but part of a like a third of the state isn't there anymore because we haven't done anything to shore that would lock in the land aren't there anymore and the natural thing that happens we're just kind of letting it happen and keeping that big old booth that we're so familiar with on deferring spending on infrastructure suggests that we've chosen not to act itself a palpable action it's actually borrowing when we aren't just deferring something where buying our future we're deciding system they were in some cases didn't understand the system they were in I mean much of our technical debt around the there's Jakarta for instance you said it's easy to drill for slashing and burning of forests in Indonesia and Brazil we're world we're not thinking about what that's going to rain we're not thinking about what that's going to do to along the edge of the Sahara an area called the Suhel where they're trying to do replanting living services food and water and all that one of the reasons the Sahara is spreading area it's growing that desert spreading down into this region where long term we have levies and closer to my home subways technical debt short term thinking and compartmentalized thinking. Hey you're not really thinking about the whole system so we need to go from a short term I I was just thinking of the water in flint whereas the water in a different in narrow ways and that's why we decide these people aren't as important favoring the powerful and the wealthy you've actually get the benefit of realizing there's not too systems there there's one with the challenge that this century presents us we tend to say these are fires in the Amazon and the fires in California and all these different things they as one system if I go back to the software metaphor it's a guy fixing his a little bit of the iphone so in terms of technical bet we heading to and as we increasingly rely on them we'll have areas so when the planet says no you can't switch to you know but as powerful and amazing humanity is it's still writes for empty wheel dot net her piece is titled a World We built to stop it doesn't really matter this is on the media my son Greece the landrace pretty he was by Chris trying to figure out what happened to him in Cuba those are secrets that he kept with them until the end deal and I'm Brooke Gladstone Eight Chan has been off line since August Chan is one of the five thousand or so largest websites on the internet and I would describe eight Chen it was basically just a game where the winner is whoever post the most offensive hard numbers the notorious anonymous forum played host to the worst of the Gamer out of a pizza parlor but in two thousand nineteen eight Chen finally Texas Walmart shooting each used eight Shan to spread their manifestos longer provide support to the website eight Chan that's where the suspected gunman in Saturday's protected servers of eight Chan following the August El Paso shooting forcing name which raises crucial questions can eight Chen stay overheat the so-called National Conversation our producer Michael Jack it's only a matter of time before there is another H. and connected shooting and that's what he is attracted in onslaught of attacks from each devotees can that should have been slammed against a wall seconds after birth obviously goes on national abuse and you know a lot of them have been trolling me nonstop even drawing finalists conspiracy theorists all the people trolling him now all used to hang out I was a kind of person who didn't have anything going for them and live I was like on a mushroom trip and I was coming down and that's when I came up with the idea for and he used them a lot when he was living at his mom's house in Atlantic City after Ditching High School Precursor Fortune in twenty fourteen four Chan Band discussions of a group into the Albright and Fred Brennan gave them sanctuary on ancient he says that image for users make about free speech you know that it's all just about the marketplace rhetoric Brennan incubated a cesspool at stake in this free speech experiment because all the legal liability fell we're both still live but then their relationship soured but h right a monetize it so that came as a surprise I just felt like he was acting in happened three months later police are working to identify the bodies of the fifty people killed during take a chance but you know I figured all right let's see if they'll clean up their act and they hallway posted praise for a Chan- just before the shooting saying I've only aspect there posted
NPR News: 10-14-2019 11PM ET
"Get fast speeds even when everyone is online working to make WIFI simple easy awesome more at xfinity dot com restrictions apply this message comes from NPR sponsor xfinity some things are slow like a snail races other things are fast like Xfinity X. by days investors await news about the U._S. China trade deal the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell twenty nine points I'm Shay Stevens N._p._R.. News in Washington the California Public Utilities Commission is threatening sanctions against Pge for what it calls the failed execution of last week's planned power outages in a letter to the utility the regulator says the scope scale complexity and overall impact of the outage cannot be understated the commissioners nation has already begun into what caused the building to fall for NPR news. I'm just Clark you're listening to NPR News Pattana Jefferson when he saw her through the window he ordered her to put her hands up and shot her through the glass her eight-year-old nephew was in the room for NPR news during pgn e- executives to appear an emergency hearing on Friday bgn says it shut off electricity for more than seven hundred thousand customers in central North in California because of the threat of weather related wildfires herald balloon the Longtime Yale professor and bestselling author of literary criticism has died automate until they bring the violence to an end many Republicans strongly oppose the president's decision to remove US forces from the region which allowed the Turkish offense I'm Christopher Connelly in Fort Worth a white former Georgia police officer who killed an unarmed naked black man near Atlanta four years ago has been acquitted
NPR News: 02-28-2020 6AM ET
"Live from NPR news in Washington. I'm Korva Coleman. Anxiety is still high. Over the spread of the new corona virus. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell nearly twelve hundred points. Thursday dow futures suggest stocks will fall sharply again today at the opening bell. Major markets in Asia all fell more than two percent today the number of covert Nineteen infections in South Korea has surpassed two thousand. At least thirteen. People have died Jason Stronger reports from Seoul. The new corona virus outbreak has led to a shortage in surgical masks hundreds of shoppers lined up in the rain. Outside department store and up to the fourth floor to purchase government-subsidized masks reports say pharmacies and other shops are running out and online vendors are charging inflated prices. Here a five pack is about five dollars speaking through a white surgical mask. Fifty-year-old Kim so young says she waited in line about an hour. She says she couldn't find masks anywhere until she came here. South Korea's police agency says it's cracking down on price gouging and hoarding of these medical supplies for NPR news. I'm Jason Strother in Seoul and airstrike. In Syria's embattled inland province has killed thirty. Three Turkish soldiers Turkeys blaming Syria but some air strikes there are carried out by Russian forces. Russia has denied responsibility. Now Turkey A. Nato member has asked the military alliance for consultations on the deteriorating situation. Linda Fassulo reports that at the United Nations delegates are concerned about the Syrian humanitarian crisis. The UN's deputy humanitarian chief. Aircel Mueller said that nearly nine hundred fifty thousand civilians have fled the government offensive over the last three months and that women from the area told her that conditions are not humanly tolerable and that there have been children so traumatized that they no longer speak. Us Ambassador Kelly crafts that. All efforts must be focused on immediately. Establishing ceasefire if the -tarian crisis is to end meanwhile Russia's ambassador vessels have been Zia. Said that the only long-term solution to the problem of it live is an expulsion of terrorists from the country for NPR news inland Zillow in New York. California's utility regulator has imposed a record fine on utility Pacific gas and electric this for causing recent deadly wildfires for member station K. Q. E. D. Lily Jamali reports. It's the largest penalty ever issued by the California Public Utilities Commission the fine modifies a previous settlement. Pge had agreed to which critics called too lenient. More than one hundred people were killed. In the wildfires of two thousand seventeen and twenty eighteen liabilities from those fires prompted. Pg NEED TO FILE FOR BANKRUPTCY. Last year this harsher fines sets aside hundreds of millions for those victims. It's NPR voters in South Carolina. Hold their primary election tomorrow. President trump behold rally in North Charleston. Tonight the candidates competing for the Democratic presidential nomination are all hoping for a boost that includes vice president. Joe Biden who was seen strong support among African American voters a key constituency in South Carolina in an interview with PBS Newshour Democratic presidential candidate and former New York City Mayor Mike Bloomberg has defended the use of a controversial surveillance program Muslims under his administration. Npr's Osma hollowed has more. Bloomberg has insisted the program kept Americans safe but no arrests were ever attributed to the surveillance program still in an interview with PBS. Bloomberg showed no remorse and said he had a responsibility to go anywhere. He could to get intelligence. We just lost three thousand people at nine. Eleven course was supposed to do that and so a. Bloomberg defended going into mosques listening to sermons and spying on Muslims. He said it made sense. Given the identity of the nine eleven terrorists. All of the people came from the same place and all came. Were from a place. They happen to be one religion and if they'd been another religion it would have done the same thing. Bloomberg insists everything he did was legal but multiple lawsuits were filed over the program a small college. Npr News Former Baltimore mayor. Catherine pugh has been sentenced to three years in federal prison for corruption convictions. She fraudulently sold self published children's books to nonprofit groups to pay for her political career. He resigned under pressure last. May I'm KORVA COLEMAN NPR news?
EV Adoption, Climate Week - Katie Sloan, Southern Cal Edison
"Do you drive an electric vehicle? Are you thinking about buying electric vehicle? What's holding you back? Are you concerned about where and how often to charge it? As of July Twenty nineteen, there are about one point three million electric vehicles on the road, the United States and about five hundred of them are in California but that is a fraction of the over two, hundred, Eighty, seven, million total vehicles on US roads more and more people are buying electric vehicles and almost every automaker now has at least one and most are coming out with a full line over the next few years. But it's not enough. Transportation is responsible for about a third of carbon emissions in the United States. So it's a huge priority to combat climate change. California is leading the way with the most in the country and the most charging stations and the most financial incentives and regulations that support electric vehicle adoption as well. And yet, adoption is nowhere near where we needed to be to reduce the environmental impact of vehicles as any of you who are regular listeners of green connections radio. No I am an unabashed fan of electric vehicles because I led the communications and Co lead the sales and marketing of Chrysler's electric car division. So this is one of my favorite topics. I think electric vehicles are very cool. But how do we increase adoption today? We're going to find out from under the tough women on the front lines of that effort. Welcomed green connections radio bring you insights and tips from remarkably innovative women about corporate responsibility. Energy and sustainability. Related. Issues I'm John. Michaelson. Inauguration leadership technologies, end careers, always bringing a new perspective find us anywhere. You like to listen to podcasts on green connections, radio, DOT, com, and through my Forbes blog as well and please pass it onto your friends. If you're struggling with your own career let us know via twitter or linked in or the contact US page on our website, and we'll help you with contacts, resources, strategies, ideas, and tips to save you time and money as you grow your career. Here are some more facts to get started. Drivers Ju eighty percent of their charging. That's eight zero percent of they're charging at home. They're over twenty, two, thousand charging stations on over sixty six thousand chargers across the United States and counting with more being installed. Day. The new electric vehicles have a healthy amount of battery range some as much as three hundred and fifty miles as I recall and the cars frankly are very, very cool. I was at the DC auto show recently took a ride with a race car driver in electric Volvo sports car that was way. Cool. There are electric and Hybrid Suv Sedan Sports, cars, et CETERA. So what is holding it up? I'd like you to meet a woman who we hope can answer some of these questions Katie. Sloan is the director of e mobility at Southern California Edison. I met Katie few months ago at an electric, drive transportation, Association Forum and I. Knew I had to have you meet her Katie has been at southern California Edison for about seventeen years. If I read that right in her linked in profile ended knee-deep in vehicles she earned her degrees in economics, which is an interesting angle to approach this from both at her graduate undergraduate and master's degrees from New Mexico State University. Welcome to green, connections radio, Katie, and thank you so much for joining us. Thank you. John I'm excited to be here. Oh, you're welcome. You're welcome. So you focus on removing the barriers to electric vehicle adoption, which assumes there's a big market for these vehicles but since most of us are not owners, what's Your pitch to own one. That's a great question to start with and I would say that electric vehicles are funded Dr dot is the number. One reason that people should be thinking about purchasing them love to share a little story about my own personal experience, and that is that My husband has always driven really large SUV's and trucks his whole life, and when we went car shopping a few years ago and we started looking at electric vehicles. I have to say that he was like probably the majority of folks saying that he was not very excited about purchasing an electric vehicle so much so that when we went to test. Drive one of the cars he refused to sit in the front seat and actually sat in the back with his arms folded during the test drive we ended up getting an electric vehicle which I was super super happy about fast forward a year later, and my husband was driving the electric vehicle around downtown Los Angeles and he came home and he said Oh my gosh, I have something. So exciting to tell you I was at a stop light and there was a really big muscle car next to me and they started rubbing their engine and as soon as that late turned green, put my foot on the accelerator and I totally smoked. I love our. Car. That's cute. So he became a convert by smoking out the other guys car he did and I think the more that people have the opportunity to drive an electric vehicle see that it's fun and also really see that it can fit into their lifestyle and that they get to. The gas station and be able to fuel their vehicle at home or at work or places are already going and they don't have to go out of their way to get fuel I. Think more and more people are going to be just as excited as my as my husband Oh cool. Okay. Great I love that. That's a great pitch. So you're trying to increase adoption. What do you see is the single largest success factor in adopting vehicles when people say besides your husband saying I smoked out the guy next to me what you see is the single thing or things that that help that get people over the top to actually buy one is it vehicle choices at battery range? Financial incentives what do you see is the key driver there really are a few different drivers and I think of it in in a few ways. One really is that availability of vehicles for people to choose from to start with we know that automakers have announced between forty to fifty new electric vehicle models coming online in the next few years and having sports, utility vehicles, smaller cars, trucks that are at price points that people are used to paying will really. Be One of the main accelerators and drivers to the transformation that US avian start looking to get to and I think that lent then leads into once you have the vehicle, how are you using it and then not really gets to infrastructure and the charging station availability today people are used to knowing where gas stations are that no matter where they go they'll be able to have fuel and to the extent that we can have ev charging just as ubiquitous. As gas stations are that will really help with that second hurdle. So I think we're at the precipice ranging anxiety was was a large barrier for quite a few years but I think with having one, hundred, two, hundred, three, hundred miles available. We are moving away from range anxiety and having more experience Zayed's, and that means when chargers are available making sure that people know how to use them and that it's a seamless easy experience and not something that they have. To think about every single time there charging their car. Oh, that's interesting on us to collaborate with a early stage software company that was developing an APP that would tell people wear on the route they were traveling. They could charge whether the those which stations have the chargers that they need. Because, as you know obviously better than anyone else all charters are not created equal and how much it would cost and whether they would be open when they got there. which is kind of addressing, which sounds like is addressing what you're talking about yes, and I've seen. Similar style APPs there's one that moves away from showing the exact type of connector and the technical term, and they've changed it into a color coded scheme so that you can put in your car vehicle model and then it'll say, okay on this map, there's red green and blue chargers you can use green and blue charters and it makes it just a lot easier. So I think the more that these types of You know software solutions are available to. It helps to reduce that experiencing. To get away from the nomenclature of. Or somebody like that. Right you have said the goal of southern California Edison's is to put seven million vs on the road by twenty thirty. That's only ten years away. How do you get from one point three million to seven million or even from five hundred, thousand in California to a million in California how does that? How do you do that? It really takes all of the industry players being focused and aligned and making sure that we're moving quickly towards this goal, we know that the state of California will not meet its greenhouse gas reduction targets unless we significantly decarbonised transportation sector and moving towards electric vehicles is the only way to do that. So rather than continuing to pilot new programs we. Need to go to scale as soon as possible every day that someone is purchasing an internal combustion. Engine vehicle is another ten to twelve years of that vehicle being on the road So we need to look at this through the lens of it's not just one thing, but it's multiple things before I worked on electric vehicles I worked in the renewable space and I think there's a lot of lessons to learn on how technologies like wind and solar went from early staged too late stage to scale, and it wasn't just one thing it was a multitude of factors. It was the federal investment tax credits it was state renewable portfolio standards. It was reduction in cost due to technology. It was also a rate programs like net energy metering in addition to new business models like being able to lease solar panels on your roof top rather than always having to own. So I think we need to look at all of those solutions in conjunction in order to make this see change happen. But aligning all the players is easier said than done to say the least right so how do you get all of them to be forgive the Pun driving in the same direction with you? I will say that I, I've been in the energy industry for a while and I have never seen as much alignment on topic as there is with electric vehicles at least from a high level objective perspective. So I think it really takes focusing on the end goal and making sure that we don't Kabul amongst ourselves with things that are around the edges when we all wanted to get to the main direction and I think that also means that we're bringing each other along that we continue to collaborate and we use organizations that exist for alliances and you mentioned the the EDTA earlier and we can use those groups that already exist to make sure that we're aligned and and moving forward. That's encouraging. So competitors like Vigo or charged point and electrify America org collaborating I would say that In, at least our regulatory structures in California, we have the California Public Utilities Commission, they sometimes do file comments together with other parties, and even if they aren't filing comments together, they are supporting policies that support utility infrastructure programs, for example, and they also not just at the California Public Utilities Commission they also work on legislative fronts to help make sure that we're getting funding for electric vehicle rebates at the levels they need to be so thank you for that perfect segue because federal regulations shall we say you're not exactly moving in the direction of favorably to electric vehicles these days And depending upon the results of the twenty twenty presidential election. We don't know if for when that might change. So I know the California is much more welcoming to this and new have Gavin newsom doing law and I'm sure we have a million people in common out there in this work especially. But how do you finesse the cuts in the rebates and the the cancelling of incentives or letting them expire and you know having to fight what's going on in Washington DC on the regulatory front. Rate. I think that's a very important question to ask I think we should take a step back and recognize that it's not just the federal incentives that are driving what the automakers are doing. If you look at their plans with the forty to fifty new models that are coming out in the next few years, those aren't plans that can be retracted and changed on a dime and automakers are making electric vehicles not just because of what is happening in the state of California but in large part environmental regulations in Europe and China, and we're seeing that those are not backing down at any point. So I think that the federal incentives are. Important. We should be realistic with where we are today and we should continue to gain the coalitions of the momentum with other states following California's lead and at some point there becomes a tipping point where there's enough states and population following California's lead that the federal government regulations may not be impacting with the automakers are doing as much. Well, many of the automakers though got together to support the rollback in the cafe standards, for example so that certainly doesn't support the adoption of alternative fuel vehicles. What we saw with that was that there was a a split almost down the middle of automakers joining California and those joining trump and even after we. saw those announcements. We haven't seen those automakers completely changing what their electric vehicle rollout plans are. So speaking of cafe standards, gas prices are pretty low right now, I saw something on your website about owning electric vehicle could be like paying less than two dollars a gallon for gas frankly pay to thirty five a gallon for gas in Virginia. So which is pretty close. So how to low gas prices affect? The success of the programs is southern California Edison is trying to do to drive adoption electric vehicles. That's really interesting. I I wish that. We had gas prices that were that low here is. Our gas prices I. Haven't gone through gas station in quite a while. So I'm not exactly sure what the what the number is today but it's around the high three dollars into four dollars for gas here. So for us, the charging of electricity is significant financial benefits. So I think that's a consideration in each location you need to look at what are the gas prices there compared to? The electricity prices that are there to see the see the difference a couple of quick questions before I ask you a couple of career questions. I. Saw the southern California. Edison is also bringing more electric buses onto the roads. Can you talk a little bit about that? Yes. We have a fairly large infrastructure investment program for medium and heavy duty vehicles which include transit buses and school buses in addition to. Electric, garbage trucks, delivery trucks, poured equipment, and so we're helping to electrify those sectors as well. We put in infrastructure and charging stationed for those types of vehicles and what's interesting about those segments is that medium and heavy duty vehicles are disproportionately impacting poor air quality. We have the worst air quality in the in country not a place we like to. Be I N and electrifying those vehicles and using our clean electricity that we have in our grid them to help impact not just greenhouse gas emissions but air quality, which is a very important environmental justice issue here in southern California why are those vehicles worse in greenhouse gases because they're not as their run on diesel or something or what is it about? Those vehicles that make them worse polluters right it's because a lot of time you hit the nail on the head they're running on on diesel. Okay. Okay. Yeah. I interviewed a woman from New Flyer about their electric buses to that was really really interesting as there are more electric buses on the road. There's also therefore bigger strain on the grid. What's Your solution to the grid challenge without obviously resorting to more use of fossil fuels to power grid well in in California just to to set the stage we in our portfolio, we do not have any coal and we have a very small portion from natural gas which is shrinking over time. You mentioned our goal to have seven million electric vehicles on the road. By twenty thirty, that is coupled with having at least eighty percent of our energy that is stoled be clean from renewables, and that is really critical for using electric vehicles. If you are using an electric system that is polluting, you're not getting as much benefit from electric vehicles as as you would from a very clean grid, the one that we have now. And are continuing to head towards. So that's the the second part of your question. The first part was a believe more around preparedness of the grid, and for that one we're partnering with our customers to understand early wear they expect to be putting in electric buses and electric trucks so that we can have the grid ready when they have those vehicles delivered we've. Been Building, our electricity grid for over one hundred years at planning and and building the the great out to meet new electric loads as our core competencies. So we are confident that working with our customers will be able to to satisfy their needs Oh. So you're adapting your time line of preparing the grid for the increased load based on the timing that. Your clients have four putting those electric buses on the road that's interesting but you're trying at the same time to increase the adoption of electric vehicles to seven million by twenty thirty. So I assume that implies then that you have a plan for aging the grid by twenty thirty to accommodate seven million electric vehicles. Yes, we do. Okay. Good luck on that one. Home. Well, I'm fascinated by utilities because no, really because utilities have to reinvent themselves without losing a moment of service to anybody at the same time that they're regulated don't necessarily know where all the raw materials are gonNA come from more win. So it's a it's a very tricky spot when I was at Chrysler I negotiated deals with some real estate developers to include our cars in the sale of the homes that they were building they installed to forty outlets in the garages, and as You well know they can either can. Then there's a regenerative quality, right? Especially in California where you have power outages that can come in Handy so. What kinds of deals with buildings and developers are you guys negotiating to help support your seven million cargo thank you for asking that question in California we have requirements that new buildings including new homes are easy ready, which means that the the buildings have to have at least some of the panels and the conduit put in to be able to support ev charging and right now that doesn't mean that it. All of the infrastructure is there or that the charging stations are there what we have proposed and we have it in front of our Public Utilities Commission right now is that in addition to US building and installing ev chargers. For the last five years, we also will provide a rebate for new home builders to complete and have the the buildings completely ev ready through the rebate program. So you mean they when you say completely ev ready, you mean, they have to put in forty outlets or to put in charging stations in the end charging stations. Okay and how are you an and the developer gets to choose which charging station they WANNA. Use Gather, correct yes. All of the programs we've done today we provide to our customers the which would be the developers in this instant, a list of approved charging stations and network providers they have opportunity to choose from. Oh. Okay. So it was kind of prequalified list. Yes. That's okay. Before he asks you career question, one more industry question and that is what can other states and utilities learn from California's experience and specifically from Southern California? Edison's experience what can you suggest other states from the evolution that you've got you've gone through and especially because you've been there for so long you've watched Elvis. Driven it I love this question, and this is a core part of my. Day to day work is sharing our lessons with other electric utilities and I would say the first thing and the first thing we talk about is that this is an opportunity for them. This is a growth area, and it really is something that is beneficial for their customers for the communities for their stakeholders and you don't always find something that that has so many people lined. So I is looking at it as an opportunity versus. Just challenge and the second is that we like to share all of our program details and our lessons learned through the infrastructure programs that we've had today with other utilities so that they have the opportunity to copy, paste and or or tweak in their own different policy environments that they have. So I think one of the unique things about being a utility is that we aren't in a competitive environment with other electric providers. So we're able. To be a fairly book and the reason that's important to us is that one thing that we haven't talked about yet is it getting to some of these ambitious goals like seven million electric vehicles on the road in California? It's not just about California, it's not just about southern California Edison Service area. It's about this happening across the US and to the extent that utilities across the US can also provide support programs for their customers. We think that that will accelerate the adoption of electric vehicles while I think you're right. Well, that's interesting. I guess that's probably also because you're so highly regulated you can't possibly be competitive, right? Gosh I hope they're adopting it because some of these utilities around the country I mean, you know better than I do are just kind of archaic and see no evil hear no evil speak no evil I mean they're just like keeping themselves. Bolivia's to what is quite obvious coming down the road if it's not already there and I sometimes wonder what's going to drive them. But maybe you're making it easier and saying here, just us just do what we did but adapted for your community or for your pc or for your grid structure will make it easier for them to do the right thing that's our intent and I will. Say It's encouraging because I've spent spoken with utilities from the northeast from the south from Texas from the middle of the country from Hawaii. So I'm seeing interest in a lot of places and one of the things that excites me the most is when I when I see news about new utility EV programs that are in the middle middle of the country or not in California or New York. were, you expect it. So I lived when I worked for Chrysler I lived in. US I hope you're sitting when I tell you this but I lived in Fargo North Dakota so I noticed North Dakota has the lowest adoption of electric vehicles in the country. I, think they have like thirty. And I think that's mostly we're our plant was frankly because when Chrysler was fell apart they division was sold and it was moved out of North Dakota. So who knows but anyway. So a couple of quick career questions before I. Let you go tell us about a career decision that you made mid career whatever that feels like for you that in retrospect was a turning point how you made that decision and what you learned from it. So I think one of the biggest decisions that I made mid career was that I had been in the regulatory and policy space for quite a few years and I knew that. Run. Don't always want to be in that space I. Loved it. But I wanted something more and I was able to find an opportunity at our parent company in the strategic cleaning department working on strategic projects that they needed people that understood the renewable renewable space but it was more from a different function and I was able to parlay that. Working in electric vehicles and the important thing that I learned was that it's easy to to pivot your role if you're not doing a complete one eighty. So I always look at it in terms of what is your subject matter area, and then what is your functional expertise? So if I was working on policy, which was the functional expertise in renewables, I could have it into working on renewable, but in strategy, and then you can transition on working on strategy, but with electric vehicles and you can kind of leapfrog where you want your final destination. To be doing these, what I would call more quarter circle pits as opposed to trying to to do something completely new and I found that that's a been a helpful way to learn and grow and and try new things. Oh, that's really great I. Love that. So and also I'm sure you're economics degrees came in handy in that strategic planning exercise that's really smart and they obviously they're related right? So did you intend to end up an electric vehicles when you made that choice to go into strategic planning or you just knew you didn't want to be in? On the regulatory policy side the whole time I knew that I wanted to get closer into some of our business lines, which is where I ended up now and then I've always had a north star even from my early early days of working in clean energy. So that has really helped to guide and direct my career. Early on I was working more in energy efficiency programs then moved into renewables and then moved into electric vehicles so I have always had the. Northstar of learning different subject matter areas but within that realm of clean energy interesting. So enclosing, what advice would you give a woman in mid career who wants to know? So she has a certain amount of experience not fresh out of college who wants to use her education, her experience and her passion for making a difference in her career she wants to get ahead she wants to make money. This is not just volunteer work. So what would you suggest to her? The main thing I would suggest is just take the slogan from Nike of just do it. If you think that there's something your organization or company that's lacking, don't ask for permission to make it happen. I think that we all have more authority and autonomy the then we give ourselves and we sometimes think, oh, this would be something great to happen but no. One's told me to do it. I would think if you're ever thinking thinking about that, take it on yourself and make it happen I. think that that if you can do that in the subject matter area where you want to advance your career, people will see you as someone that can get things done and I think that that will help you to go even further. Within the realm of your your company or Organizations Politics Light, right? No I think that's great and. Sometimes your politics might require you're going to your boss or bringing it up in a meeting and saying, Hey, what if we flipped it over and turned it purple and made it polkadot you know and or you know what? If we shot for a seven million you know? Created a goal of seven million lunging vehicles. Are you out of your mind, and sometimes you can just do a small case study on your own and bring it in with results is funny example comes to mind. But one of the incredibly cool women I've interviewed is a woman who believe it or not started a business to collect scraps of material from the garment industry in New York when she worked for the New York City Garbage Department and she started this business and some of the people who. Buy Some of the remnants which are in some cases, large bolts of fabric, our designers as some of the big design houses, they WANNA try a little design on their own without kind of making a big deal about it. So they take the ball to they take the fabric and they do it either on their own and off hours or at home and try it out and then bring it in it works if they like it. Yes, I love that. Concept. So that kind of sounds like what you're saying is I like that don't ask for permission to just make it happen. That's that's inspiring Miss Katie. Thank you so much. Well, thank you so much. John I. Appreciate it. Oh, you're well come. Thank you so much for joining us today green connections radio, Katie Sloan Director of EAM ability at southern California Edison. Are you more interested in buying an electric vehicle now? tweet. It. US at John. Michaelson posted on our facebook page and find us on Apple podcasts or wherever you listen to us today or on our website green connections radio dot com, where you also find a lot of my forbes blonde and other blogs and articles as well. If you want to gain career support for women like me and Katie pigmy via twitter or linked in or through our contact us page and we all try to help you on John Michaelson. Thank you for joining us. See you next time.
Week in Review for the Week of 2/10/20 - DTH
"The rich traveling these tech headlines for the week that was. Us Senator. Josh Halley published a plan to remake the Federal Trade Commission to provide more direct congressional oversight as. Well as better scrutinize big tech calling up Google and facebook as instances of the FTC failing to protect consumers the plan will put the FTC within the Department of Justice. And replace the Five Commissioner panel with a single Senate confirmed director it would also create a digital market research section of the FTC specifically. Look at Big Tech Howley also called for new legislation to give the FTC the power to levy fines on first time civil penalties and the authority to enforce data portability and operability standards as well as to give state attorneys general the Authority to enforce the same laws as the FTC. The Israeli publication hurries published. That the elector APP used by the country's Likud political party contained configuration. That could allow anyone to access. Israel's entire voter registry viewing source on the APPs homepage showed user names and passwords of all administrators allowing anyone to log in and download the information. The voter registry contain the full names identity card numbers addresses and gender of all six point. Four million eligible voters in Israel. Developer of the APP confirmed the vulnerability stating it was quote. A one off incident that was immediately with a US district judge has ruled in favor of sprints twenty six billion dollar deal to merge with T. mobile which now only needs the California Public Utilities Commission approval to go forward attorneys general from a dozen states sought to block the deal. Arguing the combining the number three and number four. Us carriers would stifle competition and create higher prices for consumers. The company said the merger would help them compete against. At and T. and verizon and build a nationwide five G. Network more quickly the US. Federal Trade Commission has requested information from Alphabet Amazon Apple and Microsoft about mergers that were too small to report to antitrust agencies. The companies are asked to provide terms scope structure and purpose of each transaction made between January. First Twenty Ten and December thirty first twenty nineteen will also be asked to provide details on post. Acquisition Integration Product Development and pricing as well as how data was treated the. Ftc said. The request was part of a study of the issue of companies buying potential competitors to reduce competition. The result of the studies are intended to inform future policy. Samsung Galaxy Z. Flip Clam Shell smartphone that unfolds to a six point seven inch screen a display on the cover shows notifications time and battery life on the phone is closed and can be used as a fighter for photos. The galaxies eat flip comes in purple black and its markets gold for one thousand three hundred eighty dollars for full breakdown of the announcements from Samsung unpacked event. Takeout daily tech headlines from February twelfth. What's up announce it now has two billion users up from one point. Five billion two years ago it's parent company facebook's main APP has two point five billion users in a blog post about the number. What's up wrote strong. Encryption is a necessity in modern life. We will not compromise security because that would make people are safe mobile world. Congress was canceled this week for the first time in. Its thirty three years Spanish. Health officials said there was no reason to cancel but GSM CEO. John Hoffman told Bloomberg the May has cancelled 'em WC Barcelona twenty twenty because of the global concern regarding the corona virus outbreak. Travel concern and other circumstances made it impossible for the GM to hold the event. Next door launched a new. App called next door for public agencies designed to allow police and fire departments public schools and city agencies to post updates pushed geo targeted alerts and messages according to next door's head of product. Tatyana moment development of the APP was in response to years of requests from public agencies. The APP integrates with the forward to police feature found in the crime and safety tab of the main nextdoor APP alone departments to access these notices on mobile devices. Bloomberg reports that according to sources India's Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology is expected to publish previously propose new rules for social media and messaging companies later this month. The proposed rules would require blanket cooperation with government inquiries requiring platforms to help governments trace the origins of post within seventy two hours prior records up to one hundred eighty days and establish a physical presence in India with a point grievance officers and government liaisons browsers operating systems online repositories of knowledge and software development platforms would be exempt from these rules and finally the US filed a superseding indictment against Wa wa and it's CFO wranglings zoo charging them with conspiring to violate the racketeer influenced and corrupt organizations act and conspiring to steal trade secrets. It also contained new allegations regarding violation of sanctions against North Korea and Iran among the allegations are using confidentiality agreements with US companies to obtain things like routers source code and then misappropriating that property. Basically using always routers the indictment lists other concrete examples like distributing confidential slide decks to its engineers and person taking pictures of the interior of devices after hours at a trade show in Chicago other charges involving federal investigators and hiding employment status with Wa wa remember for discussion of the news of the day subscribing to take new show at tech new show dot com. You can find shuts there and links to all these headlines there as well. Thanks for listening. We'll talk to you next time. And from all of us here at daily tech headlines Remember have a super sparkly day.
California Teachers Pay For Their Own Substitutes During Extended Sick Leave
"Imagine having to take time off work to get treatment for cancer. And then imagine having to pay for the person who fills in behind you. That's the situation a California Public school teacher finds herself in a nineteen Seventy-six state law requires her to pay for the substitute teacher, who is taking her place, as more people hear about her story momentum is growing to change that law, and more. Teachers are coming forward with similar stories from member station. K. Q. E D. Julia McEvoy reports Heather burns was teaching at an elementary school in San Francisco in twenty sixteen. She just had a second child. Just bought a home with her husband. I was doing self breast exam. And I felt a lump and my mother, who was a retired nurse was over the house, a couple of days later, and she said, I definitely need to get it checked out. It was staged to breast cancer, she needed surgery, radiation, and possibly chemotherapy, then burns learned, she would be responsible for paying her own subs. Teacher while she was out on leave. It didn't really hit her until the first paycheck arrived. My paychecks were a thousand dollars a month take home less than half of her regular pay. Suddenly those house payments were out of reach they'd saved and scrimped for the house, down payment in one of the most expensive housing markets in the country. There was little left in savings was kind of one of those things that I'm sick. I just had surgery. I've just got diagnosed with breast cancer. My world is falling apart. And they just sent me my paycheck, you know, burns remembers how vulnerable she felt at the time really unequipped to try and get information out of HR, San Francisco parent, Amanda con freed is angry. Teachers are being treated this way, when she learned her school, teacher would have to pay for the sub while fighting cancer. My dodges dropped I couldn't believe it in a, I remained devastate that, that this is the law, and this is know something that teachers have been living with for decades. I think initially, I would say, I'm sorry, Senator Connie Leyva heads, California's education committee. Here's what she has to say to the states. Teachers, I'm sorry that we don't have a better system in place. But we're going to try to fix it. We couldn't help you but we're going to try to fix it for future teachers, but it's complicated. California doesn't mandate. Full pay extended sickly for any employer. Much less cash strapped public schools Leiva is working with the California teachers association to figure out a solution. Eric Hines leads the association could be an easy change of just, you know, just eliminate the law. But then there's a lot of unintended consequences to that. He says without additional state funding. The schools would have to pick up the cost. And when I say it's about money, of course when you're in an underfunded system, you're still robbing Peter to pay Paul. Hind says that's why the issue back ends into the larger narrative about how we as a nation value. Teachers that issue is galvanizing educators from West Virginia to Oakland to strike for. Better pay. When Heather burns returned to school that August still reeling from her radiation treatments. The very first day I was there, my principal really upset. And she said, I'm so sorry to tell you this. But you have a class size list of forty one students burns, says she felt sick and she was depressed but her family just couldn't live off Hafer, paycheck anymore for NPR news. I'm Julia McEvoy in San Francisco.
Rage for Justice Report - Episode 2 - Loretta Lynch and the PUC
"Welcome to the for justice report from consumer watchdog. I'm consumer watchdog's president isn't Dreamy Court each week we're going to be talking about what we're exposing confronting and changing and I'm so lucky to have with here. Loretta Lynch Loretta Lynch a former president of the Public Utility Commission the California Public Utility Commission and I must say that we call this the range for justice report. It's named after a biography of Phillip Burton was one of the most progressive and and rage for Justice Congressman in the history of Congress second highest ranking member of the House. We both know his brother. John Burton worked with him in the Senate. The book was written about really fill using his power for the disenfranchised and we they describe in the book John Jacobs Agra for the rage for justices this seething perpetual perpetual outrage Always working for the disenfranchised and I gotta say there are very few people are at a WHO meet that bill. But you meet that bill in public service in in public life as a public official because if you do that in public life you don't have very many friends for very long but you do a lot for the public and you did so much during your tenure which was during the electric deregulation debacle. Just talked today a little bit about where we are because things have changed radically in the world of electric utilities and Pacific Gas and electric which to shut the light out on three million people over the course of a week doc real recently and and then shut them out again on. Another group of people isn't a lot of hot water and it's a lot of opportunity I think for real change in the state. We have three investor restroom utilities Pacific gas and electric six time felon history of safety problems from San Br going going back to the Erin Brockovich case to the San Bruno Pipe explosion that killed eight people to A whole series of fires from two Campfire. What kind of opportunities does this present for governor newsom and for advocates who want to change nature of how we deliver electricity in State of California? We'll first thanks for having me Jamie because you are a true warrior for justice in the Phil Burton the tradition. And I am happy to be here. I think the fact that PGA chose to go into bankruptcy to evade its liabilities to the wildfire victims for the wildfires it caused presents California with a once in a century opportunity to change the corporate governance. A PG knee to get out from under the corrupt culture of P.. Genie to do the right thing. And have government provide this essential service. How do we do that? This is this is the real question you and I have talked about. We're going to talk about a lot more and maybe even have a proposal that we can put forth a lot of people are saying. Let's take over the assets. Let the public do it. She's got cities like San Francisco that have actually made a bit in bankruptcy and were rejected even though it was overpriced. But as you've told me And we have bunch other mayors making a bid but then they're these places in rural areas generally the can't afford four to take over the of the money. So how if you were governor. How would you do it? Well I think you point out a really important point. which is we? Don't want the rich which Cities Cherry picking the assets and leaving the most broken remains for the rest of Northern California so because PG chose bankruptcy we have an expedited venue in which to take over the company so first things first. The government has an absolute right to take over a private utility ability as long as they pay fair market value for its assets and it's not a radical idea whatsoever because right now we have over two dozen is in public utilities. Led Up Sacramento Municipal Utility district and others that provide almost twenty percent of the electricity that Californians today day and in every state of the nation. We have public utilities. So this is a tried and true form of providing electricity that is cheaper for the ratepayers. Here's the utility customers. It's cleaner overall in at least in California and it's safer because government does not have the incentive to cut corners corners on maintenance and operations in order to make a profit and pocket the money that they would otherwise spend on keeping their systems safe storage. PG need from San Bruno or the executive bonuses says rather than fixing the gas pipes that exploded and killed people to the Campfire being started by one hundred year old tower. That was supposed to be taken down in fixed just in after seventy five years but the company just into it so the question is how does it all work out financially your governor. I'M GONNA go back to you being Governor Loretta. What do you you do? Does this all through eminent domain. Or is this do we need legislation or ballot measure. Do we need a state law. That says okay All the cities at wanted can get get it and the state's GONNA put up a couple of billion dollars and help the other areas take over those assets and and make them as you've said smarter because we can do it relatively cheap now absolutely absolutely so the first question is how much is. PG worth fairly on the market and you could argue that it's their market cap. which last week closed about about three point? Nine billion dollars they of course would fight that and say no it's the value of our assets and they would overprice those assets but let's be real about those assets those assets aren't went up to snuff. They're not up to code. We can see that every day with these fires with his lack of maintenance so really the ratepayers or the utility customers should be paying for the value of the assets minus what is going to take to make them safe and so that. PG Ni has already Made Filings to the feds adds that the value of their assets is about forty billion dollars. But that's forty billion minus the billions of dollars. It's GONNA take to make them safe. I think the best way to go is to buy the whole thing. The whole kit and caboodle. Because that way you don't leave any Californian behind because it's frankly less expensive to provide power we're in a densely populated urban neighborhood that doesn't have mountains and doesn't have Flores than it is to provide power to paradise so we don't want to leave rural California behind we don't want to leave the mountainous areas of California behind. Frankly we don't leave anybody behind MPG. And he has a history of leaving everybody behind. How cannot get done in Connecticut? Done for you. The governor without the legislature does a take the legislation as a ballot measure because public utilities are mentioned. The constitutional can the Public Public Utility Commission. itself just do if it had the will we know right now. It doesn't have the wheel well and the last time. The Public Utilities Commission had the political will to ever rain in the utilities was when I was on the Public Utilities Commission and that was a fifteen years ago so the regulators should regulate they. Don't that's a whole nother. podcast cast but let's talk about the three ways the the state of California could in fact takeover PG NI PGA has opened the door to one way that would not be available to any other utility city. And that's through the bankruptcy court so the state of California could file what's called a bankruptcy reorganization plan that had a change in ownership from private to state eight and that would require the state. Meaning the governor to do that and if they did that I think it's quite plausible that that would be the plan that that's that's the plan to beat the problem with the bankruptcy court. is they only care about creditors by law. So it's only the people to whom Nieto's money the victims the vendors here's the bondholders in stockholders that the bankruptcy court cares about so that leaves out a whole lot of Californians. It leaves out environmentalists and consumers and and safety folks and so all the other stakeholders that should be at. The table are not at the table in the bankruptcy court but we have another venue once again due to PG knees own actions and that is the venue of the Federal Court that is overseeing PJ's criminal probation for the San Bruno drudge is They call them the task. What what did he do? The job is my hero because he is calling it like he sees it which is PG needs negligent and we're not going to allow that anymore. The judge also has been bringing. Pgn to answer very basic questions. Why did you spend five billion dollars? In in paying dividends out to the the shareholders and up to the holding company after the two thousand seventeen fires. Why didn't you keep that money for the fire victims? Why did you spend hundreds of millions of dollars in political contributions solutions after the two thousand seventeen fires? So what can he do he. He could actually fruits of if if the governor put in a plan he could approve it. Well now the plan to go into bankruptcy court but the governor or frankly any party could petition judge also up in as a term of PG's criminal probation to change the corporate structure and if that plan was for government ownership at the right price. which would adequately compensate? PG for its assets. Meaning don't screw the shareholders there's but would not OVERCOMPENSATE PG for its assets judge also has the power to order that plan into existence. Corporate Death Penalty. You know. We talked about that that for years when corporations violate their charter can't imagine. PTA's charter set. It should kill people and not put safety first state you can revoke the corporate charter now. I assume PG genie's charter is in Delaware or is it in California. I don't know well. The great news is the reach of a federal district judges nationwide so judge also has told PGA PGA no uncertain terms last year. Your first job is to not kill another Californian Hang. That's the first person in government who has said that to PG in recent times. There's also my friend. Harry Snyder Restoring Consumers Union reminds me that they pass solicit corporate managers know about workplace hazard or an occupational hazard that they are personally personally criminally liable. Louis and I can't imagine PGA executives wouldn't be subject to that if we had an attorney general that we're willing to prosecute or or governor willing to. I asked for that type of Russia. So what we know. Is that the public. Utilities Code is full of actual criminal statutes to go after those folks unfortunately in San Bruno our attorney general at the time let the statute of limitations laps and never charged a single individual and neither did the feds Kamala Harris. I should yes it was and so here. We are with. PG knees management skating for their criminal negligence now the PUC could issue criminal fines minds. Judge All sub could or you could go to or the attorney. General's third option for the third option is state legislation the legislature and the governor working together could form a public power entity on a statewide basis and take over. Pgn a now lots of other small cities are ready are procuring power on a government basis. We could fold those folks in. We don't have to leave them out we could I have a statewide takeover that would then win. The time was appropriate. And for for instance the city of San Francisco where the city of San Jose could prove that they could adequately serve their citizens. We could devolve power down to the local. I do well well. That's that's a matter of fact so my concern about the PUC is that they've been operating in effect free environment. They allow the PUC to or they allow utilities to file plans and then they don't allow other parties to bring an expert testimony or they don't have evidentiary hearings with utility. Witnesses are sworn under oath about their plans plans. They just rubber stamp their plans filed and so not surprisingly the utility of ask for the Sun and the moon and the stars when in fact they may just need to come right back down the earth about what it what it really costs Jerry. Hilson Jerry Hilas talk what are you here. In Sacramento about the possibility of actually coming back in January and proposing proposing legislation for statewide takeover. I understand that Senator Hill is thinking about that. Senator Weiner is thinking about that from San Francisco Senator Bell from San Jose. There are many senators. Who who have now had enough with PG knees corrupt corporate culture and said we can do better and we must do better and PG has lost the benefit of the doubt so so we can't leave this essential service in the hands of a corrupt corporation? Of course will you turn the lights out everybody in Sacramento more or less And Northern California. You win a lot of people who think you shouldn't have the power to do that without checking with the government I without the government actually owning this asset. So thank thank you Loretta. We really appreciate you coming by. And we're looking forward to working with you and thanks for all your age for justice well I know that consumer watchdog is going to be right. They're doing the right thing. Hang until we get justice in our utility system. Thanks for joining us this week on the race for Justice report sure to subscribe Abdur podcasts and I tuned stitcher soundcloud. We'll go play. Thanks for agent with us.
T-Mobile/Sprint Merger, Under Armour, Renewable Energy Stocks
"Thanks to health. IQ for supporting. Today's market fully. Health Accu uses science and data to secure lower rates on life insurance to see if you qualify go to health. IQ Dot com slash full. So you can take the proprietary health IQ quiz and potentially save up to forty one percent on premiums. It's Tuesday February eleventh eleventh. Welcome to market. I'm Chris L. WITH ME IN STUDIO Mr Jim Miller. Thanks for being here. Thanks for having me. We got the bane of my investing existence assistance with its latest quarterly report. We're going to dip into the full mailbag but we're going to start with the business story of the day and that is the fact that nearly two years after the merger drove T. Mobile and sprint was announced we are. We're not at the finish line but we are one big step closer to this deal being finished. US District Judge ruled in favor of sprints twenty six billion dollar deal to merge with T. mobile and in terms of the stocks shares a T. mobile mobile up about ten percent shares of sprint up. Seventy two percent. Yeah well in seventy two percent from a really low number yes absolutely is the T.. Mobile pop was yeah. That's that's pretty significant and I like it because it shows the market's expectation that this is going to be actually a good thing for both from both companies to merge into one One one of the things. I've found that Kind of unusual is that The claim is that this is going to me job creating from the get-go most mergers like this Our job destroying because you Overlap on a whole bunch of Back Back Office office things for instance and But these guys are saying yeah. We're going to create something like thirty five hundred dollars. I think is the number for the first year and eleven thousand over the next five years. That's pretty cool. Yes absolutely if they can pull that off and it's interesting because it to your point they're trying to strike a balance they're trying to say. Hey we're going to create jobs but they're also saying to Wall Street. We think about six billion dollars in synergies right. It'd be because yes absolutely some of the HR Dr Finance legal some of those jobs. Go Away I I should mention were again. We're not we're not at the final step here. It's still needs to be approved by the California Public Utilities Commission. But as you said I mean you look at the market reaction it seems teams like maybe not. I don't want to jinx it but it seems like this is going to happen I think it will. The states The thirteenth states that were challenging it led by California for New York New York Attorney General said that she still wants to really think about this as she still believes. The judge was wrong but I think and and reading the the Excerpts from the judge's decision it seems that he was pretty on board saying that this is going to be actually better for the industry T mobile He he called him out T.. Mobile has really challenged the comments. At and T. and verizon The companies that CEO John Legere Ledger Ledger ca routinely called dumb and dumber in his notes but He says the judge that has says that In an should be good for the business and we're having a fourth company stood up in in the form of dish network They're being stood up a with a With the use of a T. mobile and sprint's networks for I believe seven years and a whole whole bunch of customers that are going to be transferred over to them to get them up and running a fourth a cell provider competitor. He mentioned John Ledger. Adjourn and one of my favorite. CEO's never fails to entertain. But I think it's you know ledger because of his antics because because of the way he would go after in particular verizon an at and T. and very public ways. I should also mention both stocks down ever so slightly if you're at GMT and your verizon. You're you're not thrilled about this but maybe it it helps a little bit. John Ledger is not going to be the. CEO of the resulting company. Mike seaver is going to get the corner office on this so that was announced. November is not a new thing with this right and if if you like colorful. CEO's while there's a little bit of sadness with this but it's point out that ledger wasn't just amusing and colorful he. He was also a very effective business. Leader did a great job of adding subscribers to the bottom line for T. Mobile. If he wasn't able to do that then he would have. Just been a mouthy. CEO who wasn't backing it up. No he backed it up. No it did and One of the things he did was he got I think he got the company more more energized in in both getting its customers satisfied which for this industry is big hurdle and And getting the employee is more engaged in happy employees happy customers and that leads to better business and the revenue numbers that this company had been growing like crazy. So yeah they've been they've been doing pretty well bill under ledger and hope they continue under a seabird. Let's move on to under armour. Fourth quarter sales came in lower than expected and even even worse under armor said that they expect sales to drop in twenty twenty and I get that they are also dealing like a lot of companies with a AH ripple effects of the corona virus in China. They've got hundreds of shops in China. So obviously that's going to have a material effect in Q. One They expect that's GonNa hit sale somewhere in the neighborhood of fifty to sixty million dollars but if that were the only problem under armor had if the only problem they had was the virus than maybe the stock wouldn't be down eighteen percent today not at all. That's just one of many many problems you know. They're they're doing they're they're doing pretty well internationally. That's growing double digits. And then and they're expecting that for next year as well but when the international win the North American business is seventy percent of your sales and it's expected to go down next year. Yeah that's that's not a good sign and under armour really needs to refocus on its core competency either get a little unfocused. I think With wearables and stuff like that Yeah they have to compete against Nike and Lulu Lululemon but they haven't been able to really focus on on what they need to focus on. Yeah it really seems like among their problems. They're discounting too much. They talked about being heavily. Reliant on Cole's and discounting that went on at Kohl's it also also seems like they just have too many skews they just have to. You know they make good stuff. I've said this before about under armor. They they appear to have gotten in in some ways the most challenging part of athletic apparel correct. They make good stuff. They just appear to have a problem with almost every other part of retail. Right I don't follow the company extensively so you Who is the Jason Follow it better but Another thing I noticed was is that In two thousand nineteen they brought in less cash through the front door as well even though they they grew revenue just a little bit And God gross margin to improve Thanks to pull him back. Some of those discounts you were talking about. They brought in about a hundred and twenty million dollars less than free cash flow from operations. So That's money coming me in the front door. Not as much on the good side though they are they are working down. There long-term debt that was down by five Down nineteen percent something like that and their cash balance was up significantly so the balanced stronger This is CEO Patrick frisks. First quarter I believe. Yes and so We'll I think it's okay to give them a little bit of Give him a little bit of time to get to get really good going on on his job but if they continue as they've they've been going. Yeah the IT's going to be not fun for shareholders you own a lot more stocks than I do and I'm curious how you think about. Look this is a stock that is down and fifty percent for me and I'm not I have no plans to sell it. Because it's such a tiny part of my portfolio and it's they basically moved it both mentally and emotionally just like off to the side. It's a business that yes I'm rooting for. Yes I would love for Frit over the next three years to triple but I I've almost stopped caring about it and I'm curious you know. What is your experience various? How do you deal with stocks that have a similar path where you went in? You had your thesis. It didn't work out and now you look at your portfolio uh-huh and it's one percent or less of your investing portfolio. How do you think about a business like that? Well unless I can see a way for the company to turn around I'd rather get rid of it personally even though yeah. It's a little tiny piece and it doesn't feel like it's worth selling but there is some money tied up even if it's only a few hundred dollars tied up in that and you probably have better ideas where to put the money and have a even adding a few hundred dollars to a winner Could help boost that down the road. There's also the psychological thing every time you look at your portfolio. I don't know how often you do that but every time you do you see that thing. There's some their armor. I bet you do and even though you say you've put it aside it's still hits. You like little needle every time. So he does. Although I've I've like I said I've have kind of stopped caring about or I shouldn't have stopped carrying about. I've stopped being upset about it and to me it's almost a visual reminder reminder of a mistake I made and that I I hope it's going to be helpful to me as an investor in other businesses going forward there is that and I've heard many many investors I admired Say that You Might WanNA still trimmed down and recover some that money and put it back to us is rather than consigning it to the depths. You Know Me. I'll just spend it on coffee. Well he loved coffee and it's supposed to be healthier right absolutely another. Another study came out. Now it's good for your abundance. I love it quick shoutout to health. IQ If you're a runner cyclist or cross it or any type of athlete or maybe maybe a vegetarian maybe eat healthy. You deserve to be rewarded for your hard work with more affordable life insurance rates that's where health. IQ comes in. It can save you up to forty one percent because because physically active people have significantly lower risks for heart disease cancer and diabetes but these savings are exclusive to help. I Q and You won't find them anywhere else. You must qualify Vita get special rate to see if you qualify. That's easy just go to health. I Q dot Com slash fool. Take the Proprietary Health Ecu Quiz and depending on your score as well as other related qualifying factors. You can save up to forty one percent on your life insurance premiums compared to other providers that's health IQ dot com slash full. You can hit us up on twitter at market foolery is our twitter handle questioned from Daniel Shelton in Sacramento California. Who writes? It's on twitter. Hold the phone. Is Your Swag Shop Gun. I was hanging hankering for a full t shirt. But it's gone. Why Oh why? It's not gone on Daniel. It really needs one of those signs like you see at the mall or on mainstream. That just says pardon our dust. Were renovating the swag shop is going to be unveiled new. Bigger better more robust more products in. I'M GONNA say April I don't want to over promise but right now it's looking like April so hang in there Daniel. Personally I just love that he say's he's hankering for it. Yes I love that a good word. Our email address is market fully at full dot com question from Jude assignment in New Jersey. Who writes I never little about the UN resolution to limit high sulphur fuel in the world ports and I know that renewable energy is a good thing so do you think clean energy ticker symbol? C L E E is positioned to take advantage of these trends. What do you think that's a really good question I like? I like where he's going with this So just a little background. He's referring to I am which is I had written down. Oh International Maritime Organization Twenty Twenty Rule. And it's the latest and maybe maybe the last. I'm not sure Reduction of the sulphur levels in the fuels that oceangoing ships are allowed to use. Brings it down two point five percent which it has a significant drop from the previous that's been going on for fifteen sixteen years As a result ships are requiring are being required to use new fuel's new blends of fuel to lower the sulfur amount Use the same fuel but install scrubbers on the exhaust to capture the sulfur dioxides. It's or just change. It altogether such as liquefied natural gas. And that's where clean energy comes in but not directly Clean Energy is focused focused primarily on fuel as over the road transport specifically in trucks Those out in back delivery trucks waste management's. It's a big company a big customer clean energy for instance Where they go out and run around and come back and can be fueled overnight But clean energy he is really Waiting for the class. Eight trucks the big semi Rigs to get into natural gas in a big way And that's not been helped by low prices of diesel because a low prices of oil and so they've been struggling But if you want to play this trend you might have It might might think of some other ways of doing it. A cruise lines for instance are transferring. Their ships over to Liquefied Natural Natural Gas Ellen G For Instance Carnival as one of the eight Nova. I think is the name of the ship in the Mediterranean. That's all ellen. G RUN A BIG OIL Such a Shell is investing in both as a producer and as running ships that fuel other ships with Ellen G. They go out to the ship and and refill it. Those are called bunker ships Their storage Kinder- Morgan has a facility in Jackson County and Georgia Oh Mississippi and Georgia Chenier Energy Energy Dominion Energy. They're all into that kind of storage and export out of the US In Ellen G. So there's there's many ways to play it but there's no direct link between Clean Energy and the ILO twenty twenty so it sounds like you like the trend but not clean energy fuels as the best way to play the trend I do like the trend. I am invested in clean energy fuels. I think they'll be able to do it. It's just taking a lot longer than anybody's ever ever hoped. It is a Active recommendations talk adviser from David Garner unfortunates down about ninety percent or something but He hasn't closed it Probably because There's a couple of us here at the full of like it There are many ways to play Natural gas both the shipment of it Such as through pipelines. That's can gender Morgan for instance Or liquefying it and exporting it and those are like uh Chinook Salmon and those guys. Fortunately I'm pretty sure David. It has some winners to make up for that. Just a few Jim Mueller. Thanks for being here thanks. Chris has always people on the program of interest in the stocks. They talk about on the Motley fool. MAN FORMAL RECOMMENDATIONS SINCE FOR AGAINST SADDAM BUYER SELL stocks. And what you hear. That's going to do it for this edition of market. Flurry show is mixed by Dan Boyd. I'm Chris Hill. Thanks for listening. We'll see you tomorrow yeah.
When your power company is a felon
"Support for this Thursday January seventeenth two thousand nineteen episode of today. Explain comes from hellofresh. They've got premeasured ingredients and easy to follow recipe cards that comes straight to your door, and you can get eighty dollars off your first month by going to hellofresh dot com slash explained eighty and entering the promo code explained eighty. That's hellofresh dot com slash explained eight zero and the promo code explained eight zero. Every month. You get a Bill from your utility. There's no two ways around it pay it or the lights go out. But what happens when the Tilleke can't pay the bills as California, ask Pacific, Gas and electric? One of the nation's largest utilities is on the brink of bankruptcy. PGE supplying power and gas to sixteen million plans to file for chapter eleven as it faces billions and potential liabilities from wildfire. Pete any stock took a beating on Wall Street today. Dropping fifty two percent after the bankruptcy news came out. After a bankruptcy PGE will have a hard time borrowing money, and that may mean higher rates for consumers and less money for green energy projects. PGA is California's biggest utility they have about twenty thousand workers Resula goes hosts, the political breakdown podcast at in San Francisco. They are big publicly traded company that's basically been in existence for one hundred and fifty years in some form giving gas and electric power to people in California. And this is actually the second time in less than twenty years that this company is filing not for bankruptcy because bankruptcy would be like we're going out of business. Its bankruptcy chapter eleven protection. So they're basically asking a court to come in and be in charge of reorganizing, restructuring, the company, and deciding with all the debts that they have out there sort of looming over them who's first in line whose last in line and who pays when their bills don't pencil out. And why exactly is it doing this? It feels like sort of a last resort. They're doing this because they're facing really unprecedented. Potential liability is because of the wildfires that have hit California over the past two years tobacco. Just one second. I mean, they are a regulated company. So they are guaranteed a rate of return by the state. They make ten and a half percent profit. No matter what. So historically utilities have been like really good places to park your money. Right. If you're shareholder, you're guaranteed ten and a half percent and everyone needs power and gas, and so they're usually pretty reliable companies to invest in and to be customers for but basically in 2017 after years of drought in California a series of wildfires broke out mainly in sort of the Napa region so wine region and devastated a bunch of communities. Up there. There are Nell reports that downed power lines and exploding transformers are being investigated as one possible cause here for at least some of these fires. That's right. David PG and E that's the company here, and you can see them behind me reinstalling downed power lines. Now, the company says in a statement that there were equipment issues at the time the fire here started caused by quote, hurricane strength winds. But that's just one possible. Cause for the twenty two fires burning in California right now and not alone would have been a really big hit to PG knee. It was I mean, they spent the last year essentially warning that they could go into bankruptcy. If the state didn't change some of its liability laws. In the meantime, their start price fell and then a couple of days after the midterm election. What ended up being the most deadly and devastating fire in state history broke out of imbue county. And what we saw. At pleasure. What to name right now? But what we just saw. We just left pleasure. Powerless, and what we just saw at at paradise is just, you know, just not acceptable the fire in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada mountains, north of Sacramento has burned a hundred nine thousand acres more than sixty seven hundred structures have been destroyed mostly residential homes, and that I think was sort of what PG ni executive see as the death now because if they're held responsible for that, which there's a lot of indications they could be for sparking that fire. And if they're held responsible for all the fires that we know that they sparked in two thousand seventeen and the biggest one is still under investigation. They say that they could face over thirty billion dollars in liabilities. Which is almost double what the company's worth right now. And then Sunday their CEO guy should Williams step down. And then on Monday, they announced that in two weeks. They're going to file for chapter eleven protection. And basically him this whole mess over to a bankruptcy court. How exactly did PGN e start this fire? If they indeed did. Great question, and one that I think needs some historical context, essentially, you know, they have a huge service area, and they have to serve communities that are in densely wooded areas, and there's been sort of long existing questions about whether they have maintained their equipment up to the legal standard. The state requires and just sort of the common sense standard that says you probably don't want to start huge wildfires. So in the case of Buchanan, the campfire, it seems likely that one of their huge transmission towers. I mean, it looks like one of those might have basically come down during high winds or some of the equipment in that tower in the case of the two thousand seventeen fires similar things. Most of the investigations that have come out from state fire investigators and blame PG any say that essentially high winds caused a tree branch to either fall into a power line or a tree came down and fell. Into a power line. You know, they have pretty strict guidelines from the state regulators in terms of how much space they need between their power lines and any trees or brush. And so the question becomes did. They do the maintenance that they not only are required to do. But have basically asked the state for money to do and pass those costs onto people like me who pay their electric Bill through PG any. And so it becomes on just a question of okay did your equipment caused this? But did you do everything in your power to prevent it? Especially when you said that you were doing that. And we gave you the money to do it. And do we know if they did or not they don't have a great track record of safety either in power or gas? PG knee is actually a felon. They were put on probation for violating federal gasline laws. And so they're supposed to not break any more laws for five years. And they have been blamed in about a dozen of the 2017 fires for not just starting them. But being negligent in the sense that they didn't do what they had to. And this is a company that's also famous for a neighborhood exploding on its watch once right back in twenty ten on a weekday evening. A neighborhood about five or ten minutes south of San Francisco just went up in flames. Parts of San Bruno, California were turned into a raging inferno around dinnertime Thursday evening, flames roared, some sixty feet into the air as block after block in this residential neighborhood were engulfed and at the time. We all thought maybe it was a plane crash. It's really close to the airport here. I mean, it was such a big explosion. But it was a high pressure natural gas line that ruptured caused the explosion. And then fueled the spectacular blades it leveled a neighborhood killed eight people. I was actually on CNN worked up the San Francisco Chronicle, then I got there, you know, within the hour, and there were people just standing there was like bare feet and bathrobes and their or their slippers looking down because they had just had to evacuate so quickly. To we just win out. We had on. Claremont and Bruno out here for fifteen minutes with no Firefox near the local utility company Pacific Gas and electric says they will be accountable if it's determined they were at fault, and what ended up coming out through a series of federal investigations and lawsuits was that. Basically, he's you need didn't know what was under the ground. And it also came out that they had basically redirected money that they told state regulators. They needed to charge rate payers four to use for safety upgrades and handed out over in profits to shareholders. And through the course of that discovery. In those lawsuits, we also learned about this very cozy relationship PG he had with state regulators. That was really a black Mark on both the state and the utility, and it was really sort of the beginning of a reckoning for this company and for state regulators, that's lasting to this day. Is there any sense of how this will shake out if PG any successfully files for chapter eleven bankruptcy, and the court grants it and goes into assess its liabilities will wildfire victims not see any money. I don't think no money. You know, we're talking still about a multi-billion dollar corporation. It does seem likely that not all wildfire victims will be made whole or at least the insurance companies won't, you know, we're talking about two different things here, which is people are are suing them for punitive damages which is different than filing an insurance claim and trying to get your insurance company to rebuild your house. But the victims we've talked to are pretty angry. And I think feel like this is if nothing else going to delay their ability to seek Justice if not prevent it or curb it. Not. In the world that we're ever going to prevent every fire from happening. But I think you do have to ask for a company that has a history of redirecting its safety money into profit that has a reputation among even some of people inside the company of sort of valuing shareholders over safety, don't they hold some responsibility. Because if that spark never, you know, lit Eighty-six, people would still be alive and the town of paradise would still be standing. Fires are just the tip of the iceberg. When it comes to the climate change challenges utilities face more in a moment on today explained. Sweet potato and black bean tacos with avocado Crema, and salon tro, not many tacos can boast that they're rich in vitamin A. But hellofresh is are full of it. Thanks to tender roasted cubes of sweet potato they're joined by black beans and zesty avocado Crema for some of the most delectable veggie goodness to be found inside the fold of tortilla. You could say they bring their a game in every single way. If you haven't noticed support for the show today comes from hellofresh. They got three plans to choose from including classic veggie and family as well as the option to switch plans when your tastes change. Hellofresh has something for everyone. You can take advantage of their special offer for twenty nineteen eighty dollars off your first month when you go to hellofresh dot com slash explained eight zero and enter the promo code explained eight zero. That's hellofresh dot com slash explain. Eighty and enter the promo code explained eighty to get eighty dollars off your first month. Report on energy and the environment for vox, how exactly does utility like PG any work. It's a private company, but it gets a bunch of money from the state and now the state's gonna step in and mediate all its debt. Well, it is a regulated utilities regulated by the California Public utilities commission. But it's also an investor owned utility. Meaning that stockholders people on Wall Street own a share of the company and the company also issues bonds, which other investors can also buy as well. So you have a lot of different groups that have different slices of the company the advantage of doing something like that. Of course, is that you have that risk distributed. Among all those people rather than on just the customers. So that's the big issue here with the wildfire is alternately has to pay right now. The investor owned utility like they're trying to protect their shareholders. And they wanna pass that cost to the customer. But the regulators want to say, no, you gotta actually have your shareholders bear some of this. Cost. That's the whole reason. We're letting you run this is a private company to begin with. So it's just a matter of who's actually left holding the bag at the end of the day. And there's a it's a very big bag upward thirty billion dollars of liabilities. So right did PG any do anything to void these liabilities? They proactive on climate change at all I mean PG, and he did have a lot of clean energy initiatives. They were deploying renewable energy, and we're also investing in the infrastructure to support it a lot of utilities around the country. We're doing that namely renewable energies pretty cheap, California also has state renewable energy goals. So a lot of utilities throughout the state were working toward advancing that, but the big issue is just in general that you have a lot of infrastructure that's exposed in these high risk areas. So you're running power lines into these forests that are getting extremely dry. Some of them are neglected, and so it's just kind of a disaster waiting to happen. So it's not a matter of if. But when you have a stiff enough breeze or you have an errant spark that triggers, a massive fire like this. And what happens to PG, even if they're debt is restructured and California the courts help them figure out, you know, what their payouts are what the ODA people these fires on going anywhere and PG needs to stand back up in provide energy, right, right? That's the balancing act that both the utility. And the utility regulators have to maintain. I mean the regulator. They wanna make sure that you provide power that is both affordable and reliable and then taking a back seat to that is making sure that it's environmentally responsible. If you don't meet the first two criteria. You really can't worry too much about the other one, and that's difficult when you are facing higher risks. I mean, there's an upper limit to how much you can build a customer for protecting them against future disasters. And in essence, you're essentially turning these utility companies into insurance companies because now they have to bear these catastrophic costs into their rate bases as well alongside building you power plants in new power lines. So it's a difficult situation. And I talked to a former Utah. Official and he points said to me that essentially, you know, utility haven't really been thinking about this for a long time. Like a lot of them were caught flat-footed on this issue. And now they have to come up with a way because otherwise they will be liable in ways that they don't want to be in. When we think about this sort of intersection of utility companies and climate change is wildfires in places like California or even like, Oregon, Washington state. It is that the biggest concern or the other things we should be thinking about to. There are a lot of other things to be thinking about one thing to remember is that the utility sector the energy sector uses a lot of water. You need to use water to generate the steam to run the turbines, and you use a lot of water to cool power plants. The union of concerned scientists put it this way that essentially if you imagine the Niagara Falls at its peak flow rate. And triple that. That's how much water per minute. The utility sector in the United States uses. Just the United States states, not even thinking about the world. And and it's Anthony amount of water. So imagine what happens when you're region gets really dry. If you're in a water stress region, and you can't take in water or if that water gets too hot to be used for cooling. That's an issue as well. Or there are also issues with discharging water that after you use it to cool, you know, your power plant that will effluent water is going to be a lot hotter. There are limits to how much of that water you can actually dump back in river. And so they're all these regulations that govern that and as a climate changes. We're seeing those stresses get worse and worse. In other countries. We've actually seen them shut down nuclear power plants because it got too hot to use the water. So there are other kinds of environmental stressors utilities face. Okay. So we've got fires. We've got water shortages, I guess we didn't even touch on hurricanes and flooding with more and more extreme weather on the way. What's like the worst case scenario for these like four profit utilities government takeover? One official told me that bankruptcy. Judges have God like powers. So there's a lot that you can do in terms of restructuring the utility, some California legislators suggested, you know, making this a public utility rather than an investor owned utility advantage of that. Of course, is that, you know, you have an incentive for the utility to be much more transparent and up front they serve the public interest rather than shareholders. And so when you know, if you're weighing the costs of doing things, trimming, power lines or bearing something to make it less vulnerable to sparking a fire. They air on the side of consumer protection rather on the side of cutting costs the disadvantage of that is that you end up making your customers your shareholders as well. So if you do have a Matt major fire that gets. Blamed on the utility. And they have to pay for it. Well, it falls directly back to the customers. And there's no investor are bondholder to help share that burden. I mean, it's hard to feel bad for the the people who send you a Bill every month that you don't really wanna pay put right is the future sort of grim for these companies that are now facing providing energy in the shadow of of wildfires and hurricanes and floods and whatever else the big issue. The reason why that they're facing problems that they didn't give it much thought. Now, they can't afford not to think about this climate change is something that has to be integral to their planning over the long term and in the near term as well. I mean, ultimately, we do need power. I mean, I really do count on keeping my lights on staying warm in the wintertime, but you need to be able to deliver it in a way that doesn't cause more harm than good. And that's really the difficult question here. When I was up in paradise, California after the campfire went through there. I mean, one of the things that struck me was that you saw these power lines running right between trees, right? Like, really close really close. Like, I was looking at that. And I was just like a stiff breeze would knocked the power line into a tree. I mean, it's it's almost an impossible situation. I mean, you could trim the trees you could, you know, try to bury the power lines. But it's a matter of when not necessarily if when you see a disaster that would strike so the question is then you also have to start thinking more broadly about where are people living are they living in these high risk zones is the cost of providing them power and the risk of providing empower into these densely forested areas, even worthwhile. At that point. If we're facing the risk of sparking a fire. So those are all the different questions. You have to weigh similarly in Puerto Rico, we saw eighty percent of the island's utility poles knocked down after hurricane Maria. Do you wanna even bother to rebuild those utility poles at that point when you know that there that? Vulnerable to a storm. It's a question that you really have to think about with a big picture mindset. And a lot of people aren't really willing to do that the big pushes to rebuild. Exactly the way things were both in Puerto Rico and in California people wanna get back to their homes as soon as possible and that does not reduce the risk that puts you back in the same situation. He started with. Have there been utilities that have done a better job of taking climate change into consideration a one big sample of that might be XL energy? It's a company headquartered in Minnesota in Minneapolis. And they have operations in eight states serving three point six million customers at the beginning of twenty eight teen they announce that they want to cut their greenhouse gas emissions. Sixty percent below two thousand five levels by twenty thirty. But then by the end of the year they up that target to eighty percent by twenty thirty. And then they want to get to one hundred percent clean energy by twenty fifty. They are one of the few utilities in the country that have set a target that aggressive on fighting climate change. And a big reason why is because they cost of renewable energy in clean energy has declined so precipitously, but it's also because their customers are demanding it it's not just households. It's big businesses. A lot of big companies have their own greenhouse gas targets, and they wanna buy clean, energy and cities even entire cities wanna buy clean. Energy. And so they're pushing the utilities to deliver and build, you know, more power generation assets that are cleaned that produces euro emissions. And in a way that companies also insulating themselves from the future costs of climate change because they're saying that they are acting to help mitigate climate change. So if they are facing a lawsuit somewhere down the line that you know, you didn't do enough. They can say yes, we did. We changed our entire generation model in portfolio to help reduce our impact on the planet. Excels, also investor owned utility. And so they also have to answer to shareholders. And so that's kind of their pitch to them that we're planning for the future building the generation portfolio of tomorrow in a world where temperatures are going to be rising where the traditional coal and gas fired power plants aren't going to be as reliable and we need other alternatives. Ervan covers the environment for vox. I'm Sean Rama's firm. This is today explained. Hellofresh for supporting the show today. They've got premeasured ingredients that are fresh, and they have easy to follow recipe cards that come straight to your door. They do the planning the shopping the prepping take advantage of eighty dollars off your first month by going to hellofresh dot com slash explained eighty and entering the promo code explained eighty that is hellofresh dot com slash explained eight zero and the promo code explained eight zero for eighty dollars off your first month.
Snap Launches Spotlight Feed - DTH
"Hello there this message is coming to you from the history. Extra podcast from bbc history magazine a collection of fascinating conversations with leading historians. Giving you the low down on history's biggest characters hidden stories and greatest adventures speaking of great adventures. This week. The history extra podcast is brought to you by booking dot com. Whether you're looking for a culture filled city break a local away or a flung adventure you can save at least thirty percent with booking dot com. Black friday deals these deals for a limited time. Only so you'll need book before. I december to make the most of them. But the good news is they go. Have the flexibility to travel any time in twenty twenty one head to booking dot com ford slash blackfriday to book your next big adventure. These are the daily tech headlines for monday november. Twenty third twenty twenty. I'm rich apple enough. Snap launch new feature snapchat called spotlight a dedicated space with short entertaining videos in a vertically skirt. Little feed snap says it's algorithms will personalize feeds with the most engaging recent snaps and the feed will be human. The algorithm will look at. How many of us a snap gets how long people watch it if it's frequently skipped and whether it gets shared spotlight will feature snaps from both private and public accounts by either sending to spotlight directly or posting the our story feed snaps from private accounts won't feature attribution with no way to comment or message that creator snap also says it will pay over one million dollars a day to users who create top spotlight snaps for the rest of twenty twenty the california public utilities commission approved the driver and driverless autonomous vehicle deployment programs that allow for paid autonomous. Ride hailing services in the state to participate. Companies will need to obtain either a charter party carrier class p permit or a class a charter party certificate in the driver. Av passenger service pilot program as well as an ab testing permit from california department of motor vehicles expects it will take several months for companies to be accepted into the programs operating thomas. Ride hailing service will require submitting quarterly reports that include anonymous pickup and dropoff information. The availability wheelchair accessible rides fuel and electric charging types of vehicles vehicles and passengers miles traveled and the disadvantage accessibility communities previously these cpu uc for autonomy testing in the state. But not for paid autonomous vehicle services a coalition of digital marketing companies calling themselves marketers for an open web announced. It filed a complaint with the uk competition and markets authority to block implementation of google's privacy sandbox initiative this initiative is set to roll out in early twenty twenty one and would phase out third party tracking cookies. The coalition is asking for the privacy sandbox to be delayed until regulators devise long-term competitive remedies to mitigate google's google's privacy. Sandbox is an open set of standards. The company announced last year. That would replace cookies with browser privacy budget that allow for a site to make a limited number of api calls to get information to group user into a larger group but not sacrifice anonymity. While apple's rumored augmented mixed reality headset isn't a thing yet. Mike rockwell apple's head of a are and l. asandra mcginnis it senior product manager for air. Tell seen that apple's mission right now is through the device. You already have in your pocket. The iphone apple says there are already ten thousand air enabled ios apps with seven thousand developers many of which focused on shopping or home improvement. Google launch an invitation only trial of a new app called pask mayton india designed to let users earn money by doing simple tasks on your smartphone. The app says tasks for from businesses around the world and are categorized as either sitting or feel tasks with a provided walking. Eta example task include walk into a store front and taking a picture recording a spoken sentence transcribing content or checking details of a business users can either select from a number of available tasks or the app can send a notification requesting a task be done. It's unclear if local businesses make quest to google for these tasks or paying for the service. Twitter confirmed that a bug in its ephemeral fleets feature could offer content to be viewed after the supposed twenty four hour expiration these fleets would disappear from the. Ui of the main twitter app but a developer tool using twitter's api could pulling fleet wells. Which could then be used to view content after twenty four hours of posting twitter. Clarified that the api. Only post-flight your house less than twenty four hours old and is working on a fixed to make older url's viewable after twenty four hours. Twitter does door fleet content for up to thirty days and is available to users twitter data for download until the platform deletes. It and updated apple support page says. The company is working with microsoft to bring compatibility for the xbox series x controller to apple devices apple devices currently support the xbox wireless controller with bluetooth xbox elite wireless controller xbox adaptive controller and the playstation dualshock four controller twitter user. Ling ling confirmed that he was able to use the check. Rain jail breaking tool to jailbreak first generation home pot posting a screenshot of accessing the homepage over an ssh connection this is the first publicly demonstrated jailbreak of a homepod which runs an os based on tv os. An update to google assistant now allows it to schedule turning on or off smart lights. This works through assistant scheduled actions feature and can't be set for either specific times events like sunup. Sundown previously google assistant could turn off smart lights or use them as part of an alarm and finally to celebrate the video of billie eilish is bad guy surpassing one billion views on youtube. Google created infinite bad guy. An endless music video built on covers of the song at billy. Dot with youtube dot com. The site initially played the official video with one of fifteen thousand cover videos on either side of the plane. Version cooking on those videos will transition to the new version without missing a beat or a lyric. Google trained neural network to sink the different versions clicking pause. We'll just listened to during your session. Remember from our discussion of the tech news of the day subscribed to dealing new ad tech new show dot com and remember to rate and review daily tech headlines. Wherever you get your podcast beck's listening. We'll talk to you next time. And from all of us here at daily tech headlines remember have a super sparkly day. Hello there this message is coming to you from the history. Extra podcast from bbc history magazine i collection of fascinating conversations with leading historians. Giving you the low down on history's biggest characters hidden stories and greatest adventures speaking of great adventures. This week. The history extra podcast is brought to you by booking dot com. Whether you're looking for a culture filled city break a local getaway or a far flung adventure you can save at least thirty percent with booking dot coms black. Friday deals themes deals a for a limited time. Only so you need to book before. I december to make the most of them. But the good news is that have flexibility to travel any time in twenty twenty one head to booking dot com forward slash blackfriday to book your next big adventure.
Data on SAT-Takers Is Up For Sale - By the College Board
"The Wall Street Journal listeners. Come from all walks of life and business and no matter what type of business urine eighty P is here to help you achieve what you're working looking for with. HR talent time benefits and payroll informed by data and designed for people learn more at design don ADP DOT com key witness in the impeachment probe revises his testimony data on sat tankers tankers is up for sale by the College Board. There's a lot of ads around testing right now. I think the biggest reason is because it correlates so closely with twelve and it's election day. We'll take a look at some ballot measures across the US. It's Tuesday November fifth. This is the PM addition of what's news from the Wall Street Journal Tom. I'm emory for totally in New York. COORDI- insulin the US ambassador to the European Union says he told an aide to Ukraine's president that the US was unlikely to release military aid to the country unless Ukraine committed needed to investigations. President trump was seeking song. Lindh's lawyer had originally said he didn't recall the conversation but on Monday he revised his statement to house. Lawmakers saying in his memory had been refreshed by the testimony of acting. US Ambassador to Ukraine. Bill Taylor Sunlen is the latest witness to describe a reported quid pro quo between nearly four hundred hundred million dollars in aid to Ukraine and investigations into Joe Biden and alleged election interference. Mexico's security minister says the death of nine American American citizens and a highway attack north western. Mexico may have been a case of mistaken identity drug cartel gunmen ambushed a convoy of SUV's carrying the US citizens killing three women and six children. who were part of a breakaway group from the Church of Jesus Christ latter-day Saints? President trump has called for a war on Mexican drug cartels saying the. US is ready and willing to help Mexico. Take them on if the country needs or request assistance. More mayors in California have signed onto a campaign pain to buy out embattled utility. PG and E. The mayors of Oakland Sacramento and more than a dozen other California municipalities or joining San Jose. WHO's Mayor I? I floated the idea last month. The group is asking the California Public Utilities Commission and the Governor to consider the buyout option before approving any bankruptcy reorganization plan Dan. PGA has cited an estimated thirty billion dollars in wildfire liabilities. Utility has also adamantly opposed the sale of any part of it system. Now that saudi-owned oil giant Aramco has officially launched its IPO. The company needs to convince investors. It's worth the risk. Our Ben Dumb. It explains the biggest challenge. Aramco faces is one reaching valuation that aspires to particularly the crown prince of Saudi Arabia. Who wants a two trillion valuation of the company resolved the IPO the same time they have to be able to attract investors investors want high dividend yield is possible possible particularly since? There's a lot of risk. This company carries with it specifically geopolitical risk. There were the tax for example in September on its energy facilities. It's also it's results are also tied to the oil price which can be very volatile. So what investors there's going to be pushing for during this marketing period for the IPO is for Aramco either compromise its position on the valuation nation or start raising that annual dividend expects to pay out over the next four five years. Aramco is considered the world's most profitable company. It's nine nine month. Income exceeded the two thousand eighteen net figure posted by apple which is the world's most profitable publicly traded company. The Wall Street Journal listeners. Come from all walks of life and business and no matter what what type of business you're in eighty P is here to help you achieve what you're working for with. HR talent time benefits and payroll informed by data an designed for people learn more at design don ADP DOT com. It's fall so high school. Juniors are busy Z. prepping for the sat's and seniors are hoping their sat scores are good enough to get them into the college of their choice but they aren't the only ones using that data the college board the charges students to take the sat but they're also making money off of their personal information colleges and universities pay to get data about the sat test takers and according to a Wall Street Journal Report. That's inflating applicant pools at colleges and universities and having a huge impact on the admissions process. Joining me now. With more details details his Wall Street Journal reporter Doug Belkin Dog. You found that the College Board which owns the sat college admissions test is helping to inflate applicant pools at colleges and universities across the country essentially by selling students information. Before we get to why it's doing that. How exactly does this work? So when students take the PSAT or the sat or an A.. P. Exam they fill out a survey they don't have to fill it out but about eighty percent of them do. They're asked whether they want to or not in. The survey has a series of questions about what they want to study in college. They could self report their grades their ethnicity their gender things like that and that information is very useful to the colleges and universities who are trying to market themselves to students to fund more students to apply so the College Board takes that information and essentially packages it in for forty seven cents will sell it to a school that asks for information that fits the description of the student that filled out that survey. Talk Talk a little bit more about why it's valuable for colleges and universities to have high rejection rates the level of prestige of a school is tied very closely to its. It's selectivity you know. The hottest nightclub in town is often the one that that turns away the most people. Some of that psychology exists with schools if if a school only accepts five percent the people who apply then the people who apply and get in must be very good people so people want to join them so it tends to draw more applications and it's it's really a good marketing tool for school so they were keen on watching those numbers. Their selection rate get lower and lower so that they can show to folks that they're more selective and and therefore more prestigious and has all of this benefit. The College Board So College Board is in the business of testing students and what they do with that information. Asian sort of cuts both ways on the one hand. They can help kids who may not otherwise go to school. Find a school that would that interested in them. That's a good fit and that sort of on the plus side on the other side by selling all this information. The schools ended up marketing themselves very broadly generating more applications in one of the consequences. So that is that more kids get rejected. A lot of these kids get Information from the schools. They think they're being recruited and then they get rejected so some of them feel I used by the whole process. Right as you explain in your story this leave students in a pretty tough spot and this also comes as they're growing movements to deemphasize standardized is testing but the sat is still a requirement for most colleges and universities right now there's four thousand accredited for your schools in the country in about a thousand of them have gone test optional. Which means that you don't have to take the sat or the Act as part of your application? You don't submit that so the majority of them do expect a score from from one of those two tests in the sat's the larger of the two. Doug you also reading your piece for the Wall Street Journal that the way this works can can have the practical effect of incentivizing cheaters. Of course we've also been reporting on the wide ranging college admissions cheating scandal. Can you talk a little bit about that. Why this leaves people in a position where they might want to try to cheat the system so because schools are getting larger pools of applications the odds of getting into a lot of schools are getting slimmer the sat and the Act are used by schools to weed out applicants so you need to really hit a pretty solid monarch within the wheelhouse of the school year applying to in order to be considered? If you don't hit that then you're not going to be considered that mark is getting higher and higher for schools. That are becoming more selective. So you know it's not enough maybe to get a twelve hundred if you WANNA get into University of Tocado he needs to get a fifteen fifty or something like that and so this you know incentivizes people to study to take the test multiple times and in some cases to cheat and I'm sure there has been in backlash to this system. What are you hearing from? Student advocate groups. What are the possible solutions? Here are potential solutions. There's a lot of Asda around testing right now. I think the biggest reason is because it correlates so closely was with wealth and that the the student body on college campuses is really shifting acting going from sort of middle and upper class. White folks. Too much more ethnically and racially and socio economically diverse group of people but the act CT In particular reflects the scores essentially wealthy white kids tend to do better so it's being considered a a gatekeeper. That's not fair by different. Civil rights organizations and different colleges in in this is pushing the act the college board to try to figure out ways to make the test of more well rounded one of the things they do is come up with something called Adversity score which essentially tries to wait the score. That kids get to take into account their socioeconomic economic background so that can be taken into account by the college admissions office. That's Wall Street Journal reporter Doug Belkin joining us from Chicago. Thank you so much doug thanks very much for more. Please check out the full story up on our website at WSJ DOT COM and Americans are going to the polls across the country today but in addition to voting for their favourite candidates in state legislative and gubernatorial races. They're they're also weighing in on ballot measures several cities and states regulation of E. Cigarettes is among the hot topics. Our Jennifer Kalvitis explains how San Francisco boaters Sir weighing in voters. Today are considering a proposal. That would personally. I abandoned the San Francisco. Cities Board of supervisors put in place on e cigarette cigarette and vaping products this year. So this proposal would instead put restrictions on retailers like creating a minimum age for for who they can sell his products to and limiting how many devices can sold in one transaction that ballot measure is backed by jewel labs in Washington. Washington residents will vote on whether to recommend that the state maintained its tax on bathing products. New York City voters will decide on four ballot initiatives among them ranked choice voting
Why Doesn't PG&E Bury the Power Lines to Prevent Wildfires?
"Own from cutie. California has always had wildfires like earthquakes were drought. They're part of living in this state. County residents there is a large fire off mark. West springs road are several homes dolphin. Flame lightning starts some of our wildfires and careless people start others but over the last several years. A lot of fires have been started by pacific gas and electric. Pge our power company happened with fire. One that went on for former all right in just two and a half years. The utilities equipment started more than fifteen hundred fires. A wall street journal investigation found some of those were small but others were deadly like the campfire which burned the town of paradise to the ground in twenty eighteen and killed eighty five people to prevent wildfires. Pg and he has started shutting off the power during dry and windy weather. That's one downed power line or electrical spark is most likely to start a blaze now. Those power shut offs appeared to have prevented fires but the practice has also stranded people without power for days which poses its own health and safety risks i am a survivor of the recent disastrously conceived and implemented shutdown by pg. Any and. i am an angry survivor. curious listeners. Sally has been watching the news and she thought to herself. There must be a better way. My one no why. Pg the doesn't buried their line today on the show. What will it take to both prevent wildfires and keep the power on price. And this is bay. Curious support for bay curious comes from sierra. Nevada brewing company family owned operated and argued over since nineteen eighty proud supporter of independent thought. Whether that's online over the air or in a bottle. More at sierra nevada dot com a lot of people like the idea of burying the power lines. it would certainly look nicer. And it seems like an obvious way to prevent wildfires but is it the best way bay curious producer katrina schwarz. Went to find out when you ask electrical grid experts about burying the power lines. The first thing they point out is how huge the pg any system really is this hardly anything like pg news service territory anywhere in the united states. This is steve weissman. He used to be an administrative law. Judge at the california public utilities commission. So he knows the system inside and out now. He teaches public policy to the next generation at uc berkeley. It covers sixteen different climate zones in the snowy mountains in hot deserts in the coastline. Pg and e. provides power to around five point one million households in central and northern california. Their service area is massive. Seventy thousand square miles. That's about the size of the entire state of oklahoma. Uc berkeley electrical engineering professor. Sasha myer says there are downsides to putting the lines underground that a lot of people don't think about you have kind of trade off to look out which is when power lines are underground if and when something does go wrong. It's a lot harder to find where the problem is into go. Fix it So that then takes longer and cost more to do. Weimeyer actually lives close to where the deadly oakland hills fire devastated homes in nineteen ninety-one. So were here. Just at the edge of broadway terrace and up along. That ridge was the line of defense against the fires. Everything on one side of broadway. Terrace burned down after the fire homeowners pressured. Pg need to put the power lines there underground where they had to basically rebuild the distribution infrastructure. Anyway and so they were gonna spend a lot of money anyway and realizing that. This was a particularly hazardous fire. area it was put underground. Pg unease applying the same logic town of paradise rebuilds following the deadly campfire. They've committed to putting two hundred miles of distribution lines underground. In and around the town undergrounding all of genie's these lines would be a terrifically expensive task. The difficulty is always will. How much can we afford to pay. Who's gonna pay for it. How do we spread those costs around. you know among the rate payers and you know that's really kind of the prickly question anything. Pg does to make it. System safer is going to cost money and even though undergrounding most expensive options. It's a lot. Cheaper than a catastrophic wildfire meet nathaniel. Skinner safety expert at the public advocates office. They fight for the rights of ratepayers. Us i did a rough back of the napkin. Calculation on this. Pg any estimates it costs about three million dollars per mile to put a line underground so the two hundred miles around paradise will cost about four hundred and sixty million. That's a hefty price tag. But it's still a bargain when you realize the campfire caused about sixteen point. Five billion dollars in damages. Steve weissman the uc berkeley public policy. Professor says the costs associated with potential fires should be considered as part of pge's long-term decision making without having the real cost included in the calculation. You're not likely to be making the most well informed decision. Skinner agrees that sometimes undergrounding is the right choice. Like in where. There's only one road out of town. But he doesn't think it's the best deal for ratepayers to put the lines underground everywhere but quickly becomes prohibitively. Expensive people are paying a lot for their electricity service right now. There's a lot of people who can't afford the utility bills. But what point does electricity service become unaffordable and that starts to introduce all sorts of health and safety impacts. Skinner says the lowest estimates for putting the most fire prone sections of pga system would mean the average person's electric bill could go up eightfold. There are cheaper things. Pg new can do right now. That would make the system safer he says. A big one is installing covered conducting wire so if a tree branch falls on the line during a windstorm it doesn't spark a fire. Another is keeping trees. Cut back from the wires. Those are all strategies. Utility companies already have at their disposal. Sasha vampire meanwhile is looking to the future. Thomas edison and george westinghouse would totally recognize every piece of equipment. That's visible here. A lot of this isn't even twentieth century technology. It's kind of nineteenth century Very analog very simple in terms of the individual pieces of it but then when you put it together as a system. It's really complex. Vampire sees promise what are called. Synchro phasers small sensors along the lines that give the utility more precise data about big and small disruptions in the system being able to control the components. Is i think what most people mean when they say a smart grid. A smarter grid would sense if a power line breaks for example and cut off power before the line hits the dry ground and the utility would have a lot more information about how often and in what situations there are power disturbances. That all sounds cool but these new technologies also require high speed communication systems and none of it is cheap. Meyer estimates a few thousand dollars per sensor and millions for communication system that supports them. Pg and e. says they've tested similar technology napa valley and found it useful for detecting equipment that needs replacing. It sounds like there are a lot of things that pg could be doing. Besides putting wires underground that would make the system less likely to start a wildfire but it seems that that work is always going really slowly and that point to the heart. Sally swoops question this fundamental frustration many. Pg customers have that. The utility doesn't invest enough in safety. It's like how many huge catastrophic events have to happen. Why is it this company over and over again. It's hard to know exactly why but you can serve a couple of things. Steve weissman says the history of pga as a company might hold some clues as history goes back about one hundred forty years at this point that then electrical energy was a very local service. You have a small generator. A few poles and wires going to building so that was a beginning of electric service and it happened with all these small companies wasteman says as technology changed companies realized. It was more efficient to team up. It became the norm for big power plants to be located far away from residential areas and brought in on long transmission lines so basically overtime and through a bunch of consolidation. Pg emerged as the power company for much of central and northern california. If something that grew organically over the course of decades weisman says this origin story is important because in many ways. Pg needs growth. Wasn't carefully designed and well thought out plan as a result of that. This is a company that really never got to a point where it set back in ashdod self. Have we become too big for our current form of management to ask a lot of self reflective questions about the most useful way to make sure that services safe environmentally sensitive that it's reliable and it's cheap that lack of foresight may help explain why. Pg has had such a bad track record when it comes to safety the california public utilities commission which regulates the states utilities has found over and over again that pg and e. does not keep good records of its equipment and inspections and without accurate records. They're less likely to identify safety risks. When one of pg needs gas pipelines exploded in san bruno and twenty ten. It killed eight people and destroyed thirty eight homes. There was a visible crack in a line something. Pg inequality control failed to find same story with the campfire that destroyed paradise and killed eighty five people old and poorly maintained. Pg and the equipment was at fault. This is a company that has not had an instinct to put safeguards in place to put in quality assurance programs and other kinds of oversight programs to make sure people are looking for problems and try to identify them overcome them early on through the process for most of its history. Pg has had very little competition. Company policy has been to run the utility as cheaply as possible and use earnings to expand into new types of businesses or pay shareholders. But one never seemed to change. Was the sense that pg and he was a publicly traded competitive company. I anna regulated utility second and think that's part of the psychological trap that's made it difficult for this company to have the instincts necessary to continue to be safe but waste doesn't put all the blame on the company he says regulators are also at fault. The notion was that these big companies carolina about safety in fact. Nobody is likely to care more about safety than the companies themselves and so what the commission wanted to do was to step back and let the company take care of it system and with the understanding that if problems came up well the company would come into report those problems to the regulators. That light touch approach meant the commission made rules and trusted the utilities to implement them do enough checking to make sure safety improvements and inspections. Were actually getting done. I think what we found out now is that that trust that the company will just take care of safety was misplaced and now regulators. I think have a very different approach and very different attitude about overseeing what these companies are doing. has hired more people to inspect the work. Utility say they've done and because of past disasters a federal monitor is also watching. Pg any but there are still signs that pg and e. safety program has problems the two thousand nineteen cade fire was started by a pg knee. Line that the company told regulators was recently inspected and so it raises the question of. How are things getting missed when these are some of the areas where. Pg coming out of the seventeen and eighteen fires is saying the. They're doing the best work that they're doing so there's clearly still a long road ahead for pgn making the system. One hundred percent fire safe may not be possible more. People are moving into fire. Prone areas and climate change has california facing hotter drier summers but pg can at least do what they say. They're already doing better ultimately. We're the ones paying for their mistakes with our money. Our homes and our lives. That was bake curious katrina schwarz. We reached out to pg ni and they chose not to comment on large portions of this story. Big thanks to our newsroom. Colleagues sukey lewis. Maurice resula goes lisa off white and lily jamali just a few of the journalists who regularly cover. Pg any for k. Q. e. d. you can find their indepth reporting about wildfires technology fixes and the company's bankruptcy at cutie dot org slash p g e. We'll put a link in our show notes to thanks also to npr's lauren summer. Who shared her. Sasha on meyer interview with us. The podcast is taking a two week break over the holidays. But we'll be back with a new episode starting january seventh in the meantime. I encourage you to check out our show archive. There's four years worth of great episodes to choose from big. Curious has made in san francisco at member supported k. Q. e. d. I'm olivia on price. hey everybody it's devin katayama host of the bay podcast dropping in to tell you about our limited run series by the beach where you'll learn all about democracy here in the bay area. Everyone has a capacity to organize or social. Change you'll also hear about how black activists transformed voting in oakland. There was a lot of blood sweat and tears that went into like giving us the ability to cast a ballot. And you'll meet some of the young queer candidates of color changing the bay political thing. They came back to where they drew up to make change. Subscribe to the bay. Wherever you listen to podcasts and also sign up for a brand new newsletter at cutie dot org slash the bay newsletter.
Los Angeles Times 2/9/21
"It's tuesday february ninth. I'm mary regalado. And here's your local news from the los angeles times brought to you by state farm like a good neighbor state. Farm is there. Today will be mostly cloudy with a high of sixty four and a low tonight of fifty our top story black latino and native american seniors in los angeles county receiving covid nineteen vaccinations at a lower rate than white asian american and pacific islander seniors. The data released yesterday raised new concerns about inequity in the troubled rollout of vaccines for those sixty five and older in all just seven percent of black seniors have received at least one dose. That's less than half the comparable number for white seniors about nine percent of native american seniors and fourteen percent of latino seniors have also received at least one dose public health director. Barbara ferrer said the county is committed to increasing the number of vaccination sites in the hardest hit areas in other health news hospitals across the. Us are reporting dramatic increases in alcohol related admissions for critical diseases like alcoholic hepatitis. And liver failure. The pandemic has sent thousands of recovering alcoholics into relapse but even before covid nineteen alcoholism related liver. Disease was a growing problem in the country. Fifteen million people have been diagnosed with the condition and over the last decade hospitalizations have doubled. Dr brian lee a transplant hepatitis. To who treats alec liver disease says missions for the disease at us's keck hospital were up thirty percent in twenty twenty compared with two thousand nineteen. Meanwhile california's largest utilities. Say they will spend about thirteen billion dollars to reduce the risk of wildfires after several were blamed on their equipment pacific gas and electric southern california. Edison san diego gas and electric and some smaller utilities filed plans with the california public utilities commission. The commission will have to approve them. Pg and e. With more than five point five million customers in the state has proposed a plan that will include a new computerized risk model that will help pinpoint the areas most prone to wildfires the utility will also focus on safety work in business news disney california adventure park is planning to hold a food and beverage festival in march disney also announced it would recall about one thousand employees who were laid off or furloughed. An additional three hundred fifty. Staffers have already returned to work. With the recent reopening of eateries and stores in downtown disney disneyland disney california adventure closed last march and state restrictions still prohibit theme parks from operating attractions disneyland executives and others have pressured. Governor gavin newsom to create protocols that would let the parks reopened soon but newsom has held firm on guidelines that tie reopening to corona virus infection rates and case numbers and finally catalina island is reopening just in time for valentine's day it has been largely closed to visitors through months of pandemic restrictions but the catalina express which had to cut back. Its ferry service will return to its full range of trips on friday varies will operate at reduced the pasadena however and require face masks in the meantime two dozen restaurants will be open in avalon for outdoor dining or takeaway meals by friday hotels vacation rentals and campgrounds are also reopening while many tours and activities. It will resume this week for these stories and more visit l. a. times dot com. You don't need to break the latest story to get great rates on your car insurance with state farm you could get surprisingly great rates just for being you know inside scoop required state farm offers coverage that meets your needs at a price. That's easy on your budget. And that's news worth sharing my good neighbor. State farm is there.
All The Things - WWDC Edition - DTNS 4046
"May deepen the heart of germany's black forest. Monkey forty seven is a batch. Distilled handcrafted gin with a cult. Following among the world's finest bartenders the forty seven refers to the impressive array of botanical. Used to make this. Well rounded jim ingredients. Likely and berry hand peeled citrus. Fruit and brand believes are paired with more traditional juniper lavender botanical to craft an unbelievably complex gene. That bartenders are obsessed with it. No you can have monkey. Forty-seven delivered right to your door and get five dollars off your first order undress me dot com using the promo code dt ns. That's dri dot com to get this cult. Favourite gin delivered to your door. Must be twenty one in older promo code. Valid for new customers only void where prohibited monkey forty seven certainly german and certainly for coming up on. Dt and assets ww dc. Twenty twenty one. There's a lot of news. We're going to do our best to break down this other news. Two plus announcements from this year's ww dc show. This is the daily tech news for monday. June seventh twenty. Twenty one from studio redwood. I'm sarah lane from lovely cleveland ohio. I'm rich draw. Felino michelle's producer. Roger chang and joining us. Today we have terrence gains neekam mumford. The host of the snob s podcast. Hello how you doing. Good glad to be back balance about today. Well it is just kind of the perfect view. I've i was watching you both on twitter taking your own notes. Doing some live tweeting. Ww dc of course especially when you do anything with apple focused where certainly apple focused to a point here on s but stobbe podcast. It's definitely in your wheelhouse so really great to have both of you. We are going to get into as much of the wwe details as we can fit into one show in just a few minutes before the show we were talking on good day. Internet just about A little bit about ww dc. And what we sort of liked and didn't like but we also talked about haunted lakes. If you want to know a little bit more about that wider conversation you could do so by becoming a member at dot com slash s. Let's start with a few at nine. Ww dc tech things. You should know facebook. Ceo mark zuckerberg announced that the company will continue to not charge fees for it's paid online events fan subscriptions and badges through twenty twenty three and will include upcoming news products in that no fee policy as well no word on what the rate will be after twenty twenty three. But if there's any question why. Facebook is doing. This zack. said when we introduce a revenue share. It will be less than the thirty percent that apple and others take zing. Singapore based flex the world's three biggest largest chip manufacturer expects chip shortages to continue flexes chief procurement and supply chain officer. Lynn terrell says would such strong demand. The expectation is mid to late. Twenty twenty two. Depending on the commodity. Some are expected in two twenty twenty. Three chipmakers continued to invest in new production capacity but new facilities are not yet complete the california public utilities commission issued a permit to gm's autonomous vehicle subsidiary crews allowing the company to shuttle passengers in its test vehicles without a human safety operator. Cruise is the first company to get the permit in the state and cannot charge affairs for rides in test. A vis nine companies including crews have previously obtained driverless test permits from the california dmv. That's different from the public. Utilities commission although neuro remains the only company to have obtained a commercial deployment permit from the dmv youtube shorts still in beta and previously available in the us and india is now expanding to the u k canada and latin america users will now be able to use music from youtube wider catalog add captions and overlays on shorts color. Correct and sample audio from other shorts. Sounds familiar And google settlement with francis competition authority over charges that had abused its dominant online at position by favouring its own advertising services to the detriment of rivals. The company agreed to pay a two hundred twenty million euro fine and pledged to improve interoperability between its ad manager and third party ad servers. The changes stem between nineteen. Complaint filed by news newscorp and the french newspaper le figaro all right before we get into some ww dc news. We did have a pretty big story over the weekend that that spins a tale of sorts about two different national approaches to cryptocurrency in a broadcast at the bitcoin. Twenty twenty one conference el salvador's president naib a announced that he will send a bill to the country's congress to make bitcoin legal tender. Currently the us dollar is legal tender in the country. El salvador will partner with the digital wallet companies strike to build up bitcoin financial infrastructure strike first launched its mobile payments app in the country. Back in march quickly becoming el salvador's most downloaded up. So there's some demand. There el salvador largely operates as a cash economy with about seventy percent of the population without bank accounts or credit cards one would think ripe for cryptocurrency to be adopted in possibly mass numbers currently about twenty percent of the country's gdp comes from remittances sent home from migrants abroad and bitcoin transfers for these would avoid international transfer fees. Or you know that would be something that could be sold to a person who's thinking about getting into this time continues to crack down on bitcoin trading and mining as many currency related accounts. Wha were blocked over the weekend with more actions expected to come in line with the country's criminal access to band accounts was denied with a message saying that they violate laws and rules a little bit of a general thing. But that's what it said. China's central bank development of its own develop is developing its own digital currency and is continuing to do so. Yeah they're they're trialing. That's on some limited basis to kind of feel for how that's gonna fall. And i think a lot this this. Bitcoin news out of el salvador. I think a lot of people saw okay. When bitcoin i got started there was a lot of speculation of. Oh you know what's the what's the future of currency going to be You know we've we've seen various businesses and industries kind of varying adopt different types of crypto currency. Bitcoin certainly prominent in that group But you know. I think a for a for a lot of speculation was okay so this is showing you know having this decentralized approach being able to avoid some of these gatekeepers and stuff like that this is the way before a digital currency obviously what china is doing right now the. Us great britain. The also all looking into this What else is doing. I mean when you look at that twenty percent of gdp some of these fees that come from These women's international transfers can be up to ten percent. So you're looking at something that this could be like. You know if this seems mass adoption and given that you know the the the apple it's back in the strike you know is is very popular in the country could be a not insignificant boost to their gdp just by this super move. You know so it will be. It will be interesting to see how they lay that financial infrastructure and are able to. If this actually able to do to help people kind of get more advanced money. Transfer services i you know i. It would still be an un- largely une banked a population. But what kind of difference that could make. Yeah yeah no kidding. I guess my question would be real fast. Is how developed is el salvador where the majority of people don't have bank accounts. Zero learning curve returns. The bitcoin is something they're going to have to overcome in order to do. This guy seemed like the learning curve. Again i'm not familiar with el salvador like that but are they technologically advanced where they can jump on this fast enough to be able to take advantage. Worry could ads for gdp. That's a really good question. I'm not never having been there. I'm not much of an expert myself. But i kind of liken it to the idea of oh well if you if you're you're mostly dealing with cash whether it's going in or coming in or going out and you're not banking. It's not doing a lot of online banking. you think. Well there's you know possibly A lot of of home computers yet to be had but if you can access an app that doesn't bank account and you're skipping on so fees it's almost like folks that jump to the smartphone life without having the computer i type of a thing. It's probably the adoption is probably pretty darn easy money to to the point where banking might look like well. That's the old way of doing things. Sure a lot more complicated than what we're being sold. Y collins can fly jacci well. We've seen curb displays and foldables plays on consumer electronics for a few years. Now certainly prototypes in definitely now can actually buy and we've seen rollable displays on the horizons. If c is any indication now samsung showed off a prototype of a stretchable led display that can be stretched in like rubber bands. According to the company displays able to stretch using a specially designed a last summer tried to resist the heat of the electronics with grid like island structure the current prototype can be stretched up to thirty percent while operating normally able to be stretched up to one thousand times. That's just for this prototype. And that's the extent of which they tested and it's still response normally samson published a proof of concept showing the display us as a stretchable heart rate monitor about the size of abandoned literally. Just looks like abandoned with a display on a kind of Interesting sam sees. This is place having numerous applications in healthcare tech and you know just just kinda then that band-aid design alone. We've seen certainly some kind of wearable. Tech that's a little bit more passive right has some sort of a chemical receptors that can then send some information to a smart device but having a display on there. I could see a lot of wearable and definitely healthcare attack Applications of this sarah. You're gonna be getting your stretchable display if it's available. Well okay so we've got you know yeah. Curve displays rollable displays. Sure seems cool. No real a precious few products to to to speak for for all of these prototypes that we keep seeing. However the stretchable thing. Yeah if you're talking about like something that's like be like it silly but yes anything that would be a wearable for example. The smartwatch that i use it gets really finicky about about giving me an accurate heart rate. You know if. I'm doing jumping jacks and it's like it's like you know you're eighty five. It's not working right like it's not sitting on me properly. You know it's either too tight or too loose something that's a little bit more. You know a second skin would be a great a great use for this. You mentioned the band aid. It's like okay something like that. You know not necessarily just on humans but but something that a piece of technology that can that can stretch and be sort of flush with whatever surface. It's it hanging my data on that. You know you see apple behind tape all over their body because apparently that does something to the monkey language some kind of attack inside of the the tape than i think. That would probably be a to me a better benefit of any type of stretchy tape device. Yeah the the problem that seems like samsung is having is they still need to retain like a tiny non stretchable part to kind of put all of the electronics and like it seems like yeah relatively they have the display component. At least in in a prototype figured out whether it actually get production. But it's like it's getting those kind of hard a hard unbend electron ix. We've we've certainly seen that in in foldables as well. That's kind of the limiting factor right now so You know will see in fact You know last year. I think of south korea kind of commissioned. Lg kinda take over. Development of this is kind of the next frontier interesting. That samsung is now kind. Come out and is showing awesome stuff now. Although admittedly was like a render we will see if when when that comes to life. Well if you'd like us to talk about stretchy tack rollable tack or anything on the show. One to let us know is by submitting stories in our sub reddit and voting on others so they rise to the top submit stories. Vote on them at daily tech news. Show dot ready dot com. What does it take to end cyber attacks. At cyber reason we can tell you exactly what it takes. 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I did notice. They had the memo crowd and as if tim cook was in an event space so i feel like they're inching back to wanting to make this an in person event again at that was kind of clever but we have lots of stuff to cover. So we're going to do our best to get through them. Nica and terence. You're going to help make some sense of all this for us. But i o. s. We'll start with. Irs the the show kicked off with kind of a big splash. She said updates for facetime Lot of stuff spatial audio was was was one of the first one one of the first things that that that faced will get with the assumption that people are using facetime the way that they're using zoom or skype or all sorts of things were were in video chats together and spatial audio will help you feel more than ever like. You're in a room with folks. Background noise suppression. If you're in a loud place or if you want to bring in the background noise when you're in a place that those are things that facetime is gonna add portrait mode with background blurred to kind of make it look more poetry. That sort of nice. I mentioned zoom calls facetime links. It may makes makes appointments phase times A lot more like a more like corporate zoom. Call where you can generate a link plan ahead send. Those links knows links can open web browsers as well as mobile devices. That's kind of cool and share play. Lets you listen to stuff On apple music within a facetime call. So there's you know there's some there's some interesting stuff going on. You could also watch a video in a facetime call with then gets into watch contents with your friends on a facetime call and third party apps. Certain third party apps will be able to take advantage of share. Play as well for example you could. We could all here on the show. Fire epa on disney plus and co. Watch together you know. As long as as long as we're subscribers tariffs and nico. Why face whether i mentioned it or not jumped out to us the most. Will you mentioned it. They're trying to be what people are doing. Zoom especially with the facetime links to be able to schedule a facetime versus just scheduling. However you schedule it everybody get on that call or that at that time and say okay. We'll let me spend start based on already. Pre started so all these plays specifically space based on specifically are okay. Apple wants to get in front of that Work play you know do everything and based on versus just being something that you do with your kids or your kids. Do you know this. Actually growing. Tom did pulling the big boy pants now. Let's get into the try to get into the office so we can actually look more professional and the fact that they're allowing it across platform is not the link will work not just with ios devices but with android and with other devices as well i think they are really trying to find their space in the whole You know virtual type meeting space for the most part. I think that's what they're doing with facetime and giving you the spatial audio. So it gives you more of a feel that year in the same room with the person solic- so flat to seen so much as a more of a robotic type of of interaction. It kind of gives you the feel of being in the same room with someone. Yeah that's a really really good point of non ios people being able to join a facetime call to be invited to one. I was listening to a podcast over the weekend. Just you know what to expect from. Wabc everybody had those over the weekend. But but yeah one of the one of the folks who was on a particular podcasts. Say yeah i don't live in the us. I mean the messages and facetime stuff. It's not just iowa specific but there are so many other options depending on where you live that a lot of this just seems like it's this very insular world that so many people are not a part of and i know apple knows that so to be able to open up something that is clearly popular with. Irs users to others is is is a big thing also an irs a lotta notification updates. You've got focused mode that goes beyond. Do not disturb where someone would get an indication like. Oh she doesn't just have the whole system off There's something that sarah is doing so that she can't get back to you right away so it's a little more context as to why you might somebody and they don't respond Whether it's going to be for a while or the whole night or or if they're just doing something else a better notifications summaries so when looking at your notifications and a bunch of apps have given you a lot of stuff you get a little bit. More context on what those notifications have photos now. Include text This is kinda neat allowing you to highlight text. That's in a photo and using a little a little ai. To be able to to give you that tax and you could copy and paste it somewhere else. I believe that they mentioned on stage. That that would be in seven different languages In in images as well the idea to attach songs from apple music of course to add to photos memories photo memories already sued injuries. Not only you can show me a picture of my ex-boyfriend but that song we broke up to now. Thank you but i thought that this the the announcement in in the apple wallet which while it is. I don't know i feel like it's there have been so many missed opportunities for well as of late but apple mentioned keys. Corporate badges fees keys for smart home locks all able to be stored in wallet identity cards a digital photo. Id can be in your apple wallet. Something that i mean i think would be could be replacing your. Id going through an airport for example they threw that in there like it wasn't a big deal but that jumped out at me is like a pretty big deal. No you go ahead. Because then hold on because i i mean i dream of the day. We can get rid of a wallet you know. They are frequent times. I'm walking around the neighborhood since i've got so they've got an apple. Watch just about the cellular completely podcasts. On here i can do all the things can get in and out of my house but the one thing i can't do is put my ideas on my watch and i don't think it'd be a nice way to be able to put my ideal my watch because you know just as black man out there. I don't want to leave the house without my ide- so the ability to be it was just have my phone with me and then know that i have some form of identification on. My phone is a big deal for me. And i think and they mentioned i think coming down the pipeline is for tsa for beat for you to be able to get through tsa. I don't know if specifically global injury your like your passport but you going to be able to add not only like your driver's license but the identification if you are you know in the airport trying to go somewhere and i think trying to get away from like physical items because i know i'm mostly digital i really don't like dealing with like paper and as much as i can if i can put it on my phone to scan to go to the grocery store to the airport or whatever the case may be to just have everything in my phone because i nine times out of ten. I'm gonna have my phone on me or my watch on me so to be able to have that type of identification on your physical person not something. You have to carry that separate. I think that's i think that's a pretty beginning. Change that they did like you said you're kind of gloss over. Yeah yeah. I mean definitely i. I felt as though if there were a crowd that would have been some gasps kind of thing that new this is pretty cool but alas world at home if you are more announcements in iowa weather got new dynamic designs maps get gets new detailed three of us in certain cities rolling out slowly but maps continues to to get better but over on pat aside. We got something called shelf. It's a new way to multitask split-screen options with an apps. If you're if you've got an app and a shelf. It's i guess i if i understand this correctly and i haven't used ipad. Os regularly as a productivity tool in some time but it's sort of fast app switching but it's more like doc so we've got the yet yet closer the ipad and the mac os operating systems inching closer together. Not exactly but they're getting there. Oh yeah no absolutely because you can definitely do that on a map. You can have the desktops so they call it in max rican swipe between the desktops in. How're you had your desktop set up you know in my case lap-times working on our show. I have safari and docks nixon. Each other but i can just swipe to another desktop and ask them totally different world. This kind of does that. So they're trying to play into that. You know even more. So i paid can in fact be a full production multitasking tool so this is another way to try to push point and i think it was very interesting that he brought us specifically podcast so he had like one side of the screen was like podcast and once. I was kind of doc zone. It's like you know instead of having a full on production to record a podcast or a web show. You can actually do that from your from your ipad. You have be yo screen you. Have you know the audio portion of it. So yeah i think i think it was a very calculated point of them specifically mentioning podcast. And what's interesting about. The concept of the shelf is that it helps finally kind of deal with the fact that i is a windowed operating system. Like we've we've had the split screen And the desktop Concepts around for quite for a little bit now but the fact that when you open one the examples they showed us that when you open a male app that male paint is kind of in its own window. That's on top of the mail that is existing on top of everything else and the shelf is kind of designed to okay. Here's how we deal with that. So that is tied to mail. Because that's where you're going to to access it but if you don't want that up you can you can take that away. You know people have kind of some people have criticized for maybe moving a little slow for in in terms of building these elements. But you know. I think this is a very big step for you. Know if you wanna be kind of ipad only this kind of window. Management is as it may be is a big step. Yeah so there well. We'll get to it in a minute. Universal control which was just bring the ipad Into into the mac universe even more with mac. Os monterey but Before we move on from ipad os bigger widgets on the home screen. Quick notes for ipad. And mac os. So it's the notes at but again we're contacts. Richer and developers can build apps with swift playgrounds. Essentially you're making it easier to to to work on building apps Those of those of the developers who already do so say this is easier maybe there are others who just never got their feet wet in the first place. Who might wanna take a swing. That's pretty cool. Privacy apple apple was a bit heavy handed with privacy. That's apples thing. These days we would expect nothing less but Quite a few privacy features that they went through such as being able to hide your ip address when you're sending an email so that the recipient can't do things like you know track you or if you're if you if you get an email rather to be able to know when you opened it that sort of thing hiding european dress when you are visiting sites inspiring providing a new app privacy report so folks can see how often apps are using your location your mic searching your contacts. You know using your camera. This is all happening every seven days. And this is if you grant at permission to do so so apple is saying well i of all if you don't grant permission you don't have to worry about apps being able to access any of the stuff but if you do we're still going to give you the information on how this is being used so then you can reassess at a later time if that's exactly what you want the app to be doing on device processing not only makes a lot of queries faster but gives you more privacy. Because your question isn't going out anywhere. It's on device There's a recovery contact lists For password. So if i i don't know i'm really shut out. I might say we'll necas on my trusted list. I can give her a call and get my information that way. A new digital legacy program If you are well this is something that you would think about before you pass away but it is. It's designed for your loved ones to be able to deal with what your digital life was What whatever state they want it to be in In the vent of your passing icloud plus which includes hide my email. You know if you're signing up for a newsletter and you just don't want That that email address of yours to get out there. It's way to obfuscate but to to to to get that information to your actual email address. Private relay for encrypted web searches Home kit video supports okay. Rich privacy. I know you care about privacy. What what what what felt like lip service here and what felt pretty cool from apple. I think the app privacy report is super interesting because previously. It's kind of an all. Or i mean even though they do give you very granular control whether the mike you access some photos location once you've kind of enabled that it was you know you kind of just like okay. I guess this app just forever has this and maybe i'll turn off location services. I feel uncomfortable. Getting that report. Seems really great. I called plus. If i'm not mistaken this just takes over icloud there's no icloud minus or anything like that that private releif I'm interested if that's just apple. Speak for a vpn or if that is something a little bit more sophisticated almost like a like a cloudflare of one that one that wonder some sort of dns or maybe. It's all packaged together. I'm not one hundred percent on that But i really think that you know apple continues to make very meaningful a transparency when it comes to privacy you know. They're not just putting up a a wall for customers and stuff like that. They are giving you some some really meaningful tools at privacy parts. Kind of number one For me i was gonna say date and again. I don't know if this is a good thing at right now. It's a good thing but apple is making it really hard for somebody that is really into ecosystem especially was like privacy all these meaningful At editions right. The main really hard for me to say okay. Something happen fit up. I'm going to pick something else. Where are you going to go. Especially if you're concerned about privacy. Where are you going to go to where you know whether the android whatever the case may be worried windows microsoft where you're gonna go to where they really say it. Okay we're going to you. Know air quotes. We're going to care about you this much. You know making it even harder to will get out of ecosystem. Like i said i don't know does a good thing because of the reasons why you don't wanna leave privacy. Dtn security data protection. You know but if you do silently where gonna get. Where's the cop for that. And i don't see what i wanna get you. The stuff that they announced with their health stuff is very much in that same vein like this is genuinely useful stuff. But it's almost sets up a way that like you know. I can't give away you know my vpn. And i i can't give away the ability to to look at you know how my parents are doing with their health. Wise and stuff like that. So i i i think that's kind of a shadow theme for for wwe wdc to be speaking of of health. Go ahead terrence. i was gonna say. Don't leave or else you'll get very sick very quickly. The health app definitely want folks to Keep their apple watch if they already have one by one of the don'ts Mobility is new for health metrics which will measure. You're walking steady steadiness. Now we'll walk differently and apple knows that the company said used a study of over one thousand people to measure fall risk so gathered a lot of data about how someone's natural gait may be and how those people differ and how a difference can can potentially lead to something and see how that kind of information held up. Get a little bit smarter about This might be an issue. You mentioned rich the idea that you can be able to monitor the data of a loved one or somebody who trust you to you know if my no one in my immediate family is has a fall risk thank goodness but if they did yes i want to know about it. Especially if they're in a compromised position so a little bit more of that family. Sharing new trends will help you not only be able to monitor steps. We're all you know that apple is not the only company that's good at monitoring how many steps i took during the day but if it notices. Well you're really pretty consistent on the step front but something's a little off here you know. Just wanna just wanna just alert you to that fact that also goes for things like resting heart rate blood glucose level that sort of thing up also says all health data is encrypted so the whole idea of being able to share with folks that are in your family or friends or your doctor. Shouldn't shouldn't be of of worry even though that's often very sensitive information because all health data is encrypted. Now i don't have an apple watch Every time apple gets to some cool watch stuff. I always compare it to my fit bit. Because i'm in the fitbit ecosystem and they are mostly neck and neck a lot of this stuff. But i can't use fitness boss. Because i don't have an apple watch there. There are definitely a lot of things about how every time apple announces something new. I think they're very long in this game. And it is probably only a matter of time. Till i switch over. Yeah i think especially with what we've learned through the pandemic. I think they. Because i think one of the new features is respiratory. They're capturing that data in some way. And i think with the trends it gives you the opportunity subtle changes so you know you might get sick or something might happen. But it usually isn't something that's just st. No instant is something that's gradual. So i think what they're trying to do with trends is just to start to give you kind of a bird's eye level of your health. And then if things start to fluctuate. Lets you know a little bit sooner that hey i may need to send this over to my doctor. My doctor know that something might be a bit amiss. Yeah got a few other updates before we get to mac. Os monterey Airpods uwb now on the fine my network you can add. Conversation boost for hearing enhancements support for spatial audio on apple. tv series is also coming to third party devout devices using the matter. Smart home standard Of which apple's part of what was mattered called a couple of months ago lick chip chip chip chip internet. Whatever yeah yeah. I knew a new it started with the see. I don't know i. I guess spatial audio spatial audio is one of those things where once you have it you go. Oh yeah now. I can't go back. I just don't have it yet. So some some of this is slightly lost on me. The define my stuff for the airpods seems huge to me because i had a friend who bought some new pros and like within a week left when we were still traveling. Left him in a cab. in in another country and Those were the gone forever. And i don't know if this would have held in that particular situation but that's a huge pain point. Offer a lot of people all right. Let's get into mac. os monterey. We got a sneak peek of what's to come universal control controlling access across your ipad your macbook pro your Your what am i you. I'm asking you know that's top walter and this is just it's not just oh you can use it. You know you've got to you. Got a second screen. It's the dragging and dropping across across all of them at once. Oh my gosh. When i saw it. I was like finally because i don't like i said i don't. I don't use an ipad or pro in particular now at all. But i loved the idea of. Oh yes i can. I can at some point. Add this to my work set-up but to actually have it as a place that files can go back and forth and it's less of an airdrop slash icloud slash email to myself type of the situation that i'm doing now huge And of course apple made it. Look seamless but i think universal control is going to be widely loved. Yeah that was that was that was. That was my favorite part of of the whole announced them. And i think because just having the devices in proximity to each other. So it's nothing that you have to connect. It's what they showed was extremely seamless. And a lotta times like you mentioned if i'm working on something to airdrop it too. I am act quick. Or whatever i'm using and with this you can actually control your ipad screen with your keyboard or mouse from whatever machine. You're using so you can navigate around an ipad like a laptop so i just thought the way that it you can use multi devices so they had three different devices. You could drag from your ipad all the way across to your amac so that was probably one of the slickest things that i i probably saw from the from the announcement. I'm excited about that. In the little setup right now you can try to do it. We mentioned in pre showed. There is third party things as freeware even apple offers there Sidecar think is what it's called can just do the share to different screen screen sharing the fact that you do it without having to think about it. I think it's the benefit rich today. Anything in mac. Os monterrey's stand up to you pumped about a new tab functionality and safari so the one thing that kind of i geeked out a little bit about is that they showed off an air object capture where basically instead of doing the whole three d. model you can use photon tree. That's the wrong word. But basically you use pictures to build two pictures to build a three d object. And i've seen that done with like one hundred raspberry pies to do like three d. Imaging of people but like the fact that you could do it with a fixed object. Just your phone. Obviously that speaks to a lot of apples. A our ambitions going forward. But i think that that points to a lot of interesting things to make that kind of ar capture a lot easier for developers interest regular users on the developer side Something that that is probably going to be pretty helpful to developers but also People like me who are in the app store constantly custom applications for pages in the app store that can not only change the sort of the app album art depending on who might be viewing the app. So that more people say oh. This is exactly what i'm looking for. But to also highlight events. Somebody on twitter said yeah like chavez scott doing that fortnite concert right apple kind of what we're talking about. It's actually a pretty good example. Exclude cloud access the limited beta starts. Today it's available to all devs in two thousand twenty two. We've also got test flight on the mac on the developer side terrence. Did you Did you see anything that developed friend might say yes. I've been waiting the whole time for this. Probably just to make it easier for people to eventually get to the planting. Apple's getting there to where you will eventually be able to make one co make one app and it seems the word across all devices iowa's and amac for the fact that you can actually do it faster using exco cloud access and test flight united. They're just getting closer and closer and getting closer to warm. We'll have to have on differentiations. We got makarova's tbo s. I o essen watch lists eventually just be like just developed one time it works soldiers getting closer and i test it. You can test your app across the different s.'s. In the cloud so you're not having to protests on each different west and churning just tying up your system all done the cloud it gives you a test report at the end tells you what failed. What worked on each different. So i think know exco cloud is going to be extremely Developers are going to love x. Cloud code back ex code cloud a lot tons of sit there. But i was really. I was really impressed with what they're doing. Exco cloud public betas of iowa teen ipad mac. Os monterey tv os fifteen and watch eights all coming in july. We will continue some ww dc news on the show during this week. It was keynote morning. But but the but the the show itself is will continue throughout the week. And there'll be there'll be some news coming out so so look for more news on this show as the week rolls on. But a final thoughts from from terrance and and nico what. What were you the most excited about from from what you saw today was it. Lackluster was it. Was it better than expected. It was a lot. It was definitely on and ran. What i mean by that. Is you know. I'll let somebody else jumping on this. No hardware on to say that and keep it moving The fact that it was devoted to softwares. Wdc you know this is for developers. So they released a letter mentioned on brand as far as operating systems. No mention of iowa. Sixteen so i think this is just i will sixteen is going to continue for this year unless they spring something up in september. I don't know But there's one thing that. I also thought that was going to be pretty cool. Especially somebody like me. That does Apple iowa support is the screen share in iowa. Settle enable you to actually walk through your device with fran with abandoned member instead of just like i mentioned in the tweet closing my eyes while i'm supporting somebody and imagine what their iphone screen supposed to look like. Now we can do the screen share. And i say okay click this wipe this tap that and i actually see in real time so again. It just goes a long way to like. I mentioned before to were. Apples may get really hard to get out of their ecosystem special biafrans family member. Who are on the sanction. Yeah again i. I share that sentiment. It was just so much information. I don't think i've been able to really digested all but again like i said i was pretty impressed with The university of control act across different devices. I think that was probably the the biggest thing that i got out of it. And i think just Some of the devops that they have coming out are going to be really top notch. Very cool rich. What about you before before. We wrap up this this monday edition of wdc twenty twenty one and other news as well. What was the stand up for you for me. It was looking at grow facetime kind of growing up. You know. they're always kind of been a joke. When it was first announced that face facetime is going to be this open standard. And you're gonna be able to use it on another things that never have ever happened in seemed to kind of sit amber Even as the edit functionality and see it kind of with you know with i fifteen Becoming a legit zoom competitor multi-platform. I think that's huge. Well if you think something is huge from the show and we talked about it or we may talk about it tomorrow or wednesday. Send us your thoughts. And if you didn't watch it you can send his thoughts on anything you'd like us to talk about. Future shows well feedback at daily tech news. Show dot com. We love your emails. Thank you in advance. Also shout out to patrons that our master and grandmaster levels. Today they include missed music teacher. Gmc smith and justin zeller's we also have brand new boss. Yes we do. I going to try to get your name. Right sardonic delacroix. Who just started backing us on. Patron thank you. Thank you sir. donald maybe it's sardonically. Either way i really like your name. Also thanks to neekam on terrence gains of the snap. Oh s podcast nica. I'll start with you. Where can people keep up with everything you do. They can pretty much find me on twitter. At tech savvy diva. I pretty much on twitter all the time. And of course on our podcast nobelists terrence gains. People find your work. You could find the on twitter and instagram and facebook. Sometimes i guess at brother tech and like nika mentioned i m d second half of this nabo show we record every wednesday. We normally come out every friday episode so tunis tune in there. Well thanks so much for joining us on the show. It's a big day for you Such a pleasure and we'll do it at the next apple event We are also live on this show. Monday through friday. Four thirty pm eastern. That's twenty thirty. T seat can find out more at daily news show dot com slash live and we are back to mara with guests. Trish urs burger talk to them. The show is part of the broadband network. Get more at frog pants. 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"Do you own or rent your home. Sure you do. And i'll bet it can be hard work you know what's easy bundling policies with geico geico makes it easy to bundle your homeowner's or renter's insurance along with your auto policy. It's a good thing too because you already have so much to do around your home. Go to geico dot com. Get a quote and see how much you could save. Its geico easy. Visit geico dot com. Today that's geiko dot com in a major win for opponents of standardized testing university of california public university system will no longer use. Act sat scores as part of its emissions process. Think that's a good thing. I spent so much money on test. Prep well. i'm sure that's not really the point. I don't look i. Honestly i don't i don't know what they are standardized tests and i know they've been used in california for many many years. They've used across the country for many years. I was in high school fifty years ago we had act and sat tests to take. But i really don't. Because because i don't i don't have any kids at that age at this point and even my son was in high school I don't know. I don't have a hard feeling about this. Why why would people be opposed to it. Why would people be opposed to standardized testing. Well some people. I mean the colleges want it to try to weed out kids that they don't wanna take dumb ones. You know i mean it's it's really become no it's really become a money making operation for the act and the sat and for all these college prep companies that. Prepare your kids for these exempt. It's one it's it's one test one day. Your kid could have a bad day. That day right could they. Can they take it over again. They can take it still a better. Barometer is their schoolwork over four years. You'd think so you know that's highly inconsistent right the grading an assignment. The nature of curriculum is know how hard certain school districts are in high schools are and they take that into consideration when they're were their considering. Your student for admission and last year was a crazy year because half the kids couldn't even take the sat and the act exams. My daughter was trying to take the. Act exams hers. Were were cancelled or postponed three or four times. That you gotta be in the room. You can't do that online right. And she finally was able to take them and then most of the schools g applied to didn't even use them care. So i guess it's just one of those things that's fading into history and i think because of that. A lot of schools are questioning whether they even need them. Yeah well university of california system. We're talking about here. Last year. made it Voluntary you can send intestine right this result or not. There are a lot of schools that my daughter apply to voluntary. There was only one that she had to. It was mandatory. This is kind of cool. I think i'm not sure. But i think so. Historically black university has cancelled all student debt using covid nineteen relief money seven hundred and thirty thousand dollars worth of debt university president. Tony allen said. The step was taken in order to continue furthering. The school's mission to help students change the economic trajectory of their lives and that means not starting them out on their careers burdened with debt. I think this is a good thing because there are a lot of Public universities that have cut merit aid and other aid for students Because they're losing money with enrollment and things like that but they're getting millions and millions of dollars in aid from the federal government through this american rescue plan program right so yeah seems like a good thing. Do you want to wrap it up with here this. Cnn story symbol is unbelievable. Cnn coming under fire for having hired a writer who posted several times on social media that he believes the world needs another hitler. When i i read that i thought okay. This is tongue in cheek right. This is somebody who's trying to be sarcastic to make a point. No no no no. So there's a meaty uses demanded the network respond discovering the tweets from one of its freelance contributors. And this is what they said Cnn spokesman told the washington examiner he never heard of this particular reporter adeel raja and that he's looking into it but it says here a deal. Roger has written dozens of pieces for cnn. Some of it praising nazi leader quote this goes back to the two thousand fourteen feet fall world cup. He was writing about and he said the only reason. I'm supporting germany in the finals. Hitler was a german. He did good with those jews. Wow hitler and he is still allowed to write for cnn. even though. He's a freelancer. Now last sunday cnn provided the following comment to fox news adeel. Raja has never been cnn employee. But he's still a freelancer. You're writing his work. As a freelancer is reporting contributed to some newsgathering efforts from islamabad. However in light of these abhorrent statements he will not be working with cnn again in any capacity. Okay good good enough so five forty six right now.
Snap Launches Spotlight Feed DTH
"Hello there this message is coming to you from the history. Extra podcast from bbc history magazine a collection of fascinating conversations with leading historians. Giving you the low down on these big characters hidden stories and greatest adventures speaking of great adventures. This week. The history extra podcast is brought to you by booking dot com whether you're looking for a culture filled city break a local away or a far-flung adventure you can save at least thirty percent with booking dot com black friday deals these deals for a limited time only so you'll need book before i december to make the most of them. But the good news is they go have the flexibility to travel any time in twenty twenty one head to booking dot com ford slash blackfriday to book your next big adventure. These are the daily tech headlines for monday november. Twenty third twenty twenty. I'm rich apple enough. Snap launch new feature snapchat called spotlight a dedicated space with short entertaining videos in a vertically skirt. Little feed snap says it's algorithms will personalize feeds with the most engaging recent snaps and the feed will be human. The algorithm will look at. How many of us a snap gets how long people watch it if it's frequently skipped and whether it gets shared spotlight will feature snaps from both private and public accounts by either sending to spotlight directly or posting the our story feed snaps from private accounts won't feature attribution with no way to comment or message that creator snap also says it will pay over one million dollars a day to users who create top spotlight snaps for the rest of twenty twenty the california public utilities commission approved the driver and driverless autonomous vehicle deployment programs that allow for paid autonomous. Ride hailing services in the state to participate. Companies will need to obtain either a charter party carrier class p permit or a class a charter party certificate in the av passenger service pilot program as well as an ab testing permit from california department of motor vehicles expects it will take several months for companies to be accepted into the programs operating thomas. Ride hailing service will require submitting quarterly reports that include anonymous pickup and dropoff information. The availability wheelchair accessible rides fuel and electric charging types of vehicles vehicles and passengers miles traveled and working with the disadvantage accessibility communities previously these c. p. You see a lot for autonomous testing in the state but not for paid autonomous vehicle services a coalition of digital marketing companies calling themselves marketers for an open web announced. It filed a complaint with the uk competition and markets authority to block implementation of google's privacy sandbox initiative. This initiative is set to roll out in early twenty twenty one and would phase out third party tracking cookies. The coalition is asking for the privacy sandbox to be delayed until regulators devise long-term competitive remedies to mitigate google's dominance google's privacy. Sandbox is an open set of standards. The company announced last year. That would replace cookies with browser privacy budget that allow for a site to make a limited number of calls to get information to group user into a larger group but not sacrifice anonymity. While apple's rumored augmented mixed reality headset isn't a thing yet mike. Rockwell apple's head of a are and l. asandra mcginnis it senior product manager for air. Tell seen that apple's mission right now is through the device. You already have in your pocket. The iphone apple says there are already ten thousand air enabled ios apps with seven thousand developers many of which focused on shopping or home improvement. Google launch an invitation only trial of a new app called pask mayton india designed to let users earn money by doing simple tasks on your smartphone. The app says tasks for from businesses around the world and are categorized as either sitting or feel tasks with a provided walking. Eta example task include walk into a store front and taking a picture recording a spoken sentence transcribing content or checking details of a business users can either select from a number of available tasks or the app can send a notification requesting a task be done. It's unclear if local businesses make quest to google for these tasks or are paying for the service. Twitter confirmed that a bug in its ephemeral fleets feature could offer content to be viewed after the supposed twenty four hour expiration these fleets would disappear from the. Ui of the main twitter app but a developer tool using twitter's api could pulling fleet wells. Which could then be used to view content after twenty four hours of posting twitter. Clarified that the api. Only post-flight your house less than twenty four hours old and is working on a fixed to make older url's viewable after twenty four hours. Twitter does door fleet content for up to thirty days and is available to users twitter data for download until the platform deletes. It and updated apple support page says. The company is working with microsoft to bring compatibility for the xbox series x controller to apple devices apple devices currently support the xbox wireless controller with bluetooth xbox elite wireless controller xbox adaptive controller and the playstation dualshock four controller twitter user. Ling ling confirmed that he was able to use the check. Rain jail breaking tool to jailbreak a first generation home pot posting a screenshot of accessing the homepage over an ssh connection this is the first publicly demonstrated jailbreak of a homepod which runs an os based on tv os. An update to google assistant now allows it to schedule turning on or off smart lights. This works through assistant scheduled actions feature and can't be set for either specific times for events like sunup. Sundown previously google assistant could turn off smart lights or use them as part of an alarm and finally to celebrate the video of billie eilish is bad guy surpassing one billion views on youtube. Google created infinite. Bad guy an endless music video built on covers of the song at billy. Dot with youtube dot com. The site initially played the official video with one of fifteen thousand cover videos on either side of the plane. Version cooking on those videos will transition to the new version without missing a beat or a lyric. Google trained neural network to sink the different versions clicking pause. We'll list every cover. You listened to during your session. Remember from our discussion of the tech news of the day subscribed to dealing new ad tech new show dot com and remember to rate and review daily tech headlines. Wherever you get your podcast. beck's listening. We'll talk to you next time. And from all of us here at daily tech headlines remember have a super sparkly day. Hello there this message is coming to you from the history. Extra podcast from bbc history magazine i collection of fascinating conversations with leading historians. Giving you the low down on history's biggest characters hidden stories and greatest adventures speaking of great adventures. This week. The history extra podcast is brought to you by booking dot com. Whether you're looking for a culture filled city break a local getaway or a far flung adventure you can save at least thirty percent with booking dot coms black. Friday deals themes deals a for a limited time. Only so you need to book before. I december to make the most of them. But the good news is that have flexibility to travel any time in twenty twenty one head to booking dot com forward slash blackfriday to book your next big adventure.
California Wildfires: What Will It Take to Prevent the Next Disaster?
"Podcast is brought to you by knowledge award. Well, wildfires are raging in both the northern and southern parts of California right now, most of the city of paradise California in the northern part of the state was destroyed by the so-called campfire at least twenty nine people have died and more than two hundred people are missing from that one the Wolsey fire in southern California's destroyed mansions in Malibu as well as suburban areas killing at least to the wildfires. Have led to red flag warnings being posted from the Oregon line all the way down to San Diego, meaning conditions are right for further. Fires California, of course, has been dealing with deadly and destructive wildfires for many years now in part due to the drought that the state has been dealing with for some time. Howard Reuther is professor of decision sciences and policy as well as co director of the risk management and decision processes center here at the warden school. He joins us on the phone as this kief Gillis. Sue is a professor in Dina Barra's of the college of. Natural resources at the university of California at Berkeley, Howard key. Thank you for your time today. Both of you. So key foot start with you. And if you can I guess give us a little bit of a status report on these two fires, and what we are looking at in terms of of the damage in the and the the impact on a lot of these communities. Well, the status they're still both very active incidents and while fire services making some headway on control on both fires, especially the the campfire Darryl long way from being under control Howard. What has been your reaction to everything that we've seen here in the last in the last few days? Well, I think that this raises so many issues in terms of how we can reduce the consequences of these wildfires. It's just another example that obviously California is struggling with us Keith undoubtedly knows better than I do. And we need to figure out ways that we can really take steps we meeting the state of California ensures and utilities and others who are all involved. And obviously the residents of the area to reduce these losses in the future. And this just highlights that point key. You. Probably know that as much as anybody being out there in California. What basically is the status of that type of relationship with all the different entities out there in California. It's a very active one. You know, we're we're doing the obvious things you might think in fire prone area. Cal fire is making big investments in increasing its air fleet. For instance, they're picking up a lot of military C one thirty aircraft to uses suppression drops and they're also upgrading their helicopter fleet. But there's a lot of the stuff that's before suppression that we're actively pushing the fire wise USA program where the third largest number of communities engaged in that program of the national fire protection association in the country. Colorado's number one for same reasons that we care about this in California. We're rapidly investing in personnel and procedures to certify the safety elements for all the cities and counties. We have both staff. Half at the state board of forestry and fire protection, which I chair and a large number of pre-fire engineers working at Cal fire that are going through county by county city by city and looking at their compliance with the public regulatory code on all these things in terms of their road networks cited access to water. You know, we know the things that you have to work on and and we're working on that a lot of investment in the science of stoning hazards across the state and using those to come back and say how how nuanced should the local protection measures be and we're we're doing about a quarter of a million defensible. Inspections across the state now with money that's come out of the state. So that we can actually look at all the properties in the state responsibility area on something like the cycle that homeowner would need to be maintaining vegetation around their home in order to increase the fire resilience of property. You mentioned we're we're working on it. You mentioned the the inspections which I find is is an interesting piece to us. I if you can for everybody listening around the country, explain what that process is. And how frequently it is actually going on right now out in California to look at these properties. And look exactly what he's either contributing or not contributing to a potential wildfire. Right. I think at this point we have the personnel in the funding to where we're looking at homes in these areas that are fire prone on a three to five year cycle. And you know, you go out there, you're looking at the vegetation management. Hundred feet of the property, and you're with variety things that you want to look at you know, how much fuel is on the ground. Are you managing the tree? So that you've got a little separation between the canopies is there any overhang on the roofs. But also looking at what can you do to harden the structure, there's some things like would Rouf's which are a real risk factor. You know, we're in many of these areas if you're going to replace the roof at the end of his life, it's not going to necessarily be with what was there before? And then other things like closing boxing in the eaves moving firewood away from the home. There's there's a lot of things you can do to both manage the fuel around the home, but also hardened the home. So that it's consort of passively resist ignitions, and that's really important these wind driven fires because they're throwing embers which can ignite a roof half-mile ra- mile in advance. Chance of the fi the flaming front of the fire. When you've got a fifty sixty mile an hour wind it can really toss those those firebrands so Howard. It sounds like there's an element of innovation here that that's included in this as well. Because of the fact that we are also trying to adapt the homes that are in these areas to better be able to deal with the the level of fire that we're now seeing which is obviously more frequent the majority of the bigger storms have occurred in the last or should say wildfires have occurred in the last decade or so, well, no there's no question. I think that what Keith is indicating is a way to go in the sense of recognizing that these homes have to be better as on the rue certainly can be better. They could be fireproof where they may not be today. They're awa-. There's vegetation that could be possibly dealt with in a way to reduce the likelihood of the spread of fire. But here's the real challenge of the challenge. I think is how do you get homeowners to do this? And one of the reasons that it's a challenge is that a homeowner could say, look, I may do all of these things. But then there's going to be a fire from my neighbor that is going to spread to my house, and I'm still going to be in in trouble afterwards. So it isn't just myself that's affected, but it's all these others around the interdependency and interconnectedness of wildfires makes it really hard. And so I think we are we have to ask the question is it important to have a better building code in these areas regulations. The inspections are going to be critical as a part of that to make sure that homeowners have done that you also could have the state or some source giving loans low interest loans or possibly supporting even grants to help the homeowners do that. But at the end of the day, it isn't just the homeowners. It is other other parts of you know, that in fact, the the notion of development in areas, so there's less forest and more vegetation. And how do you clean that up? So. Oh, it's a challenge. I think that has to be looked at not only as I said from how from the residents, but also the utilities will have to play a role here and the insurance play a role in terms of cleaning things up and making things the more or less likely to spread from one area to another Howard. Joining us on the phone. He is with the Wharton school, Keith Gillis. Also with us from the university of California, Berkeley, you're listening to knowledge a near on Sirius XM one thirty two business radio powered by the school. So how'd you mentioned the insurance industry? And I find it interesting that this is something that obviously is is tacking on hundreds of millions of dollars of cost onto the insurance industry every year at this point. And they are in what you have told me in the past. They are the ones that end up paying out the cost of this. Because of the fact that these are like fires like any fire. A homeowner would have to deal with whether it would be something that occurred in the oven that you know, that spurred a fire. Are of some kind. Well, it is certainly true as you said, Dan that homeowners policies if you have a an insurance policy as most homeowners do if they have a mortgage will cover fire from any source in wildfires or part of that. Here's a challenge, I think not only for the insurance industry, but for the utilities as well. The insurance will have to pay for the losses to the houses that they've insured not necessarily to any other house, but certainly to their to their residents, but they may also then find themselves in a position where they feel maybe they shouldn't be paying that. And they have the opportunity to use a technical term to subrogate to say we're going to ask the utilities to pay for this because they may be the cause of the fire in the first place. And so there's a very interesting challenge here between insurers and utilities in terms of who should be paying at the end of the day. California has. A law and Keith can comment on this as well on inverse condemnation that says it if if you can show that the utilize have caused the fire then then they may be the ones who have to be responsible for paying at the end of the day. And that is an interesting issue, and I'll just raise one last point on that the utilities may still have to pay even if they followed all the regulations and standards. But let's say a tree is blown down and destroys power line. The has been meant meeting all these standards may still be responsible in California because of this law. So there are some interesting issues a warden center spending some time looking at them, but I'll just put them on the table for Keats possibly comment or you may wanna pursue this in some other direction. I mean, if memory serves me last year, one of the fires that occurred out in California. There was a question of whether or not that was the responsibility of utility. Because from what I understand did not start with a power line. Correct. Actually utilities have been the cause of a number of large. Fires and a fair number of the ones we had in our firestorm last year. Trace back to utilities, I think the. The interesting thing about our inverse condemnation, which is an unusual procedure as Howard says, even if you're in compliance with the directives on vegetation clearance that come out from the California Public utilities commission or from the board of forestry and fire protection. If afire results from not a failure on your part to follow regulations in terms of safety. But simply your Queant is involved a ninety mile an hour. Wind takes a huge branch. Throws it into a power line starts fire. You have the right clearance. You've been doing your job. But the untilities was still the source of the ignition that, you are liable and that create something which I I'm sure we'll be adjudicated over years in terms of what the liability to the utilities will be our legis. Slater took this issue up. But didn't reach really a final decision as to whether or not the existing law should be modified significantly or not. It's it's a big issue. And I I'm not sure that ratepayers fully understand under a regulated utility what the implications of that liability could be for them. We're joined here on the phone by Keith Gillis to the university of California Berkeley, along with Howard con Reuther of the Wharton school your comments at eight four four Warton eight four four nine four two seven eight six or if he can't get your phone. You can send us a comment on Twitter app is radio one thirty two or my Twitter account, which is at Dan looney Twenty-one how much Howard do the citizens themselves have to be aware of what is going on right now and be able to potentially factor into the to the to the to fixing some of these problems out there. Well, I think this is of course, a really challenging question. Because I think most times of people don't want to think about something like a wildfire. I think today they're thinking a lot more about them. Because of just exactly what's happening in California. I think the other part of it is something that cases mentioned in his earlier comments. What can they do to reduce that risk? And will they do it? And so there's a real challenge, I think first of all and making them aware. But I think that really it's also a community problem. I think that to some extent building codes are local and communities can try to take some steps if the community plays a role by letting all the homeowners know, how how integrate you know, how interconnected all of this is and what each of them can do and possibly can help them along and possibly through some regulations and standards can require them to do it. It's a really challenging issue when people have to shell out money. To try to make their house safer at are asking themselves is that money really doing the trick. Because they know that it could the fire could spread for elsewhere. And so I think that it does require the state to play a more creative role local communities play a role, and obviously bring the citizens in the homeowners into the picture. So that's, but I don't think it's easy. And I think a case you probably know this better certainly than I do in living in California to get people to be aware. And then to get them to do the things we'd like them to do and to get the state to do what it has to do. Yeah. It's it's a it's a really interesting problem where there's homeowner action. Unlike a lot of other natural hazards, we've been hitting so many fires in California that people's reaction now to wildfire is a risk is a little different than someone that might live in a flood plain or might live in an area. That's a fault line where earthquakes, you know, may happen. That are significant on a fifty to one hundred year cycle your experiences and individual with a natural hazard, really conditions. Your thought process in the actions that you're willing to take to deal with it. And at times the right way to get the decision making in along the lines that's useful for us as a society as a whole there's a high level sort of policy that would have to be put in saying, well, exactly how much of a feedback loop. Are we going to look for between insurers with respect to this risk and the actions that might be taken by communities, or by individuals, which are slightly different communities can do some things. Individuals can do some things which would mitigate the risk and how. We get some incentives built in. It's not currently the case that there's a strong feedback loop between mitigation actions and the insured risk. There's also some nuances that you know, are being worked out we saw this in the Thomas fires last year. What about a mudslide that happens later because you've scorch the soil put it into a hydrophobic condition. And then you get a really intense rainfall event just right after the fire when the soil is absolutely unable to allow the water to percolate in. And then you get the classic mud flow. Is that covered under your homeowners insurance? Which would normally exclude things like a landslide. And there's been some findings by the department of insurance out here that if. Yeah, you know, if the fire was the proximate cause that's going to have to be covered. And so we're sort of stumbling our way. Through establishing what the social policies are going to be to both deal with the risk, but get people to deal with the risk as individuals, not expect the state. Yeah. Who handle the whole affair, and Dan if I could make one just quick point here, and then we'll get back to you. I I do think that one of the key points that you raised keys in in your comments about the homeowners is that if you haven't experienced an event, you're going to be you're going to have a harder time sort of taking steps to prepare for it and invest in it and wildfires may be a bit different. Because so much of California is now hurt hit by that. And so there is experienced by curiously with what other people have done we'll have to find that out. But then the other issue is knowing what to do and figuring out whether it's worth you're doing it. And those things are also on the table. So I think the challenge of getting anyone to prepare beforehand is something that is. A real real issue here. And as you pointed out with other natural disasters even worse because you haven't experienced the earthquake since nineteen ninety four and California and and floods and hurricanes have a similar problem. Although they be a lot more frequent now than they were in the past. You mentioned before the zoning part of this. And I wanted to touch on that anyway, is that the demographic of where people are living in some areas of California has changed a good bit in the last decade decade Naff in that you have more people that may be traditionally in the suburbs looking to be a little bit even farther out to have that that kind of that forest location that house in that style maybe more so than you did a couple of decades ago. Correct. And that would obviously play into part of the part of what we're talking about with people recognizing what's going on here. Absolutely. And the town of paradise which is. Is what you've been seeing the most images of with respect to the campfire is a perfect example of that that communities grown dramatically both as a result of commuters looking for more affordable housing. So we're working living farther and farther from some of the urban centers where we work, but it's also grown tremendously because of retirees and in fact, retirees moving into these areas as one of the big economic drivers of the local economy, you know, you bring wealth and pension assets that were accumulated working urban areas in your move up here, but we've had tremendous movement and to areas of the creating more and more of this wildland urban interface, and that growth is actually projected to continue and people move up there, you know, both economic reasons, but also quality of life. How much conversation is going on. Right now when you talk about all of these different kind of pieces to the puzzle to really start to to dig deeper into it. And I wanna throw on top of that a lot of people have conversation about the issue of the climate and the impact that the change in the climate over the last decade or two has had in maybe developing some of these these problems where forest fires wildfires are concerned. Yeah. There's no doubt that the scientific consensus on climate change is moving people to take action. And you hear that come up repeatedly governor Brown set up a forest task force management task force in the last months of his administration. That's very actively trying to work on these issues, and I expect that will continue into the new administration. So people are thinking how do we deal with this not just as an issue a fire? But but these changes. In the driver's afire like climate change, the zoning there's a great deal going on there in terms of well, if particular areas have different kinds of education, you want one size doesn't fit all a forest community isn't the same as a coastal shrub community. So if you're down there by where the Thomas fire was and you're in an area that had naturally long fire return into voles, some kind of education management might look different than up in the Sierra where the natural fire return interval was say seven to twelve years, and the really big question for me is whether or not we're going to map out some of the fire courters, which are function of topography and Santa Anna winds. So there are some areas where when we have the kinds of conditions that are running in cali-. Right now where you've got these hot dry winds late in the fire season where the fire behavior doesn't sit down at night the way you would during ordinary weather without the wind. And sometimes those wins, the topography channels them into certain areas and you're saying all right. If we've had the part of Santa Rosa, burn in the tons fire burnt twice very hot because of similar wind-driven events channel by the topography into a certain area. We may need some very special building codes right for an area like that. Well, and California's estate that is so dependent in terms of the the water in the moisture, it has in the soil in the ground from what you get through the winter up in the mountains with the snow, and and the rain is well, and that obviously those amounts have come down in recent years as well they've come down and. The seasons where the the rains don't start say in November December are really quite problematic. And we saw that so pointedly last year with the Thomas fire burning past the the New Year's and in the past, you know, we had defined fire season here. And the the weather is it's not just hotter and drier, it's also that the start of what brains we will get and we will get rains and any Mediterranean climate. The start of the rain has become a seemingly more variable. So we so it's it's we've already dramatically changed the staffing pattern right for fire service agencies over the last five years because of that we're joined here on the phone by Keith Gillis of the university of California Berkeley, along with Howard con Reuther of the Wharton school your comments at eight four four Wharton eight four four nine four. Two seven eight six six Howard. How how confident are you that that there are enough minds that understand how significant a problem is, obviously when you see the fires that that should be the, you know, the the the the drop dead point to begin with to want to make change on this. But how confident are you that there will be significant change in this? And again, part of this depends on the the atmosphere itself, but to really start to make some policy change where a lot of this is concerned. Well, I'd like to be a little bit optimistic on that Dan in the following sense that because of the number of wildfires and the magnitude of these wildfires in the last couple of years people are paying attention. The challenge is going to be for the state legislature for the state and the communities to take some steps now while the virus hot if I could use a horrible pun and really do things over the course of the next few months because if it's. Turns out that these steps are not taking now this tendency to go back to the status quo and say, we're not going to do very much. And so the hope is that these things now are going to force all of us to pay attention, which I think is one of the reasons why we're all we're talking about it. Now, let's hope that the appropriate. People can take that next step. And in that sense. I'd like to be optimistic, but I think from past disasters. We know that if you don't do things early and you don't take advantage of that. This tendency not to do anything. So let's I don't want to end on the negative note. Let's hope that the positive thing is what we where we go from what you say you are positive that that from a policy perspective that that we may be able to to take some steps here in the next few months in years. I think we are taking steps, and I think that's partly why the reaction to the president's comments were so intense about our forest management is that we. We're really working hard on these problems and some of them you can't solve overnight because some of them are fundamental legal issues of liability others involve how you're going to finance activities, and there's some, you know, fire control bonds and things like that. Which are interesting experiments where we're looking into out in California. We've got one going up in Tahoe. Where say a water district puts money on the table to do vegetation management with the idea that they'll actually recoup their investment through reduced costs of clearing out, sediment and debris flowing into their reservoirs as result of fire activity in watershed. So there are a lot of things we can try and do I think the issue though is maintaining focus on the problem. The fact that we've had now about. Six years of just terrible fire seasons help keeps Californians focused, but the country is a whole needs to think of natural hazards like forest fires earthquakes floods. I think in a way which doesn't treat them as random in infrequent events. Right. We need to treat this as part of our normal guys. Great having you with us today. Thank you Howard. Thank you, keep all the best. And we will talk to you again down the road. Thank you again. Thank thank you. Howard Reuther from here at the school, professor of decision sciences and policy and codirector the risk management and decision processes center. Keith Gillis who is professor and Dina meritous of the college of natural resources at the university of California at Berkeley for more insight from knowledge, please visit knowledge dot Morton dot EDU. Idiot.
First Thursday, August 2019
"Hello folks welcome to the August two thousand nineteen edition of First Thursday. My name is well Aitchison. I'll be your host for the next forty five minutes or an hour. Were so while we cover recent developments in the public safety workplace. And unfortunately I gotta start with something. I don't WanNA start. Weth breath social media. I know I talked about it last month. I know I talked about it the month before last but it is continuing to explode exploded across the country every day. Now what I look at the results of our news trawlers that we have set up to bring us news stories from around the country on public safety labor issues every day. No kidding I'm seeing an article about about a public safety employees getting fired for a social media post It started with largely police officers. But it's all over the place now it's corrections officers. There's EMT's there's firefighters there's fire chiefs there's the head of the Border Patrol. She hasn't awesome been fired yet. But you know well say so what I want to do right now just for a couple of minutes I promise you I'm not GonNa take terribly long on this. This is to we have called out several of these articles on social media we called out Sex of them and the purpose is to show you the geographic and topic breath of the problem. I don't want anybody they thinking. You don't have a problem in your agency you do. You've got to get control over all right. Let's start with a case. It comes out of a small county in Missouri it's called Monotone County. And this is a case where a couple of uh-huh employees want as a jailer which is a job classification. There another is a deputy they're exchanging posts with each other Making funny faces and and they're coming up with memes and that sort of stuff what are they posting about. They're making fun of people with Down Syndrome NOPE There are some of the faces are clearly meant to mimic people with Down's syndrome. or at least they look like that May Both of them fired no word and the article as to whether or not they have appealed their discipline and if so what the results might bay the second one is something that's going on around the country and it's a corrections officer issue and a apparently. I wasn't in on this so I had no idea this was happening. Apparently corrections officers are posting things on social media Following a quote feeling. Cute an quote a contest so They they right Funny Captions with respect to why they are feeling Utah a particular day and an overall very hard must there's been contests like this in all sorts of different public safety environments but it got taken way way too far So we have for example a corrections officer working for the Texas Department of Criminal Justice Who Post something saying feeling cute? Might shoot your baby daddy today I decay. I don't know There are threatening to get her saying feeling cute. I might go gas. Some inmates The results at least that's right now four corrections officers have been fired in Texas To have resigned in lieu of termination and the investigation has spread Brad all over the country third case this is a firefighter case. And it comes out of a small fire department in North Carolina firefighters our fighters in North Carolina. Pretty much know employment rights whatsoever and this is a fire chief who has resigned in light of controversial comments made by his son. This is small town fire department made by his firefighter. Her son on social media. What are the sun say? The Sun posted a comment On social media that illegal legal immigrants should be his words not mine exterminated. Big Public Outcry in the wake of it and Dan both that fire chief's son And the fire chief himself lost their jobs. The fire chief ended up resigning as a result Delta of the controversy about his sons post Next one this one's just came out today And I'M UH recording this on July thirtieth. I'm recording at the day before first of the month and this comes from Hampton University University which is private college in Virginia and it has a number of campus police officers And today the the university announced that it was firing nine. Campus police officers. What were they doing they were engaging in a and I'm quoting here a mean war now? This particular article does not describe. Describe exactly what it is. The these police officers were posted in their meam or but my goodness you can imagine how bad it must be for the university to fire nine of its twenty five campus police officers in one fell swoop. And can I suggest to you that if anybody in your department is engaged in a me more shut it down right now unless the memes are about cute kittens and puppies but anything else. If it's about politics you know it is going to get out of hand in the toxic political environment that we all are facing right now enough. This situation I wanted to talk about is the aftermath of the plain view project described this in past project up. Ah Pass podcast play. Buke project is the brainchild of Philadelphia Law Firm to track the social media posts of individuals rituals who claim to be a police officers and eight jurisdictions around the country The folks at the plain view project then Correlated than names. Because of course. These people aren't doing this anonymously because of course because and verify that the individuals were in fact police officers And then released the social media posts for the world to see and the plain view project identified Thirty one hundred Offensive or potentially offensive posts from just one one of the eight departments Philadelphia and Philadelphia has now announced the first set of disciplinary Inari actions based upon those facebook posts thirteen Philadelphia. Police officers are being fired as a result of it for more are GonNa get a thirty day. Suspensions and a bunch more are going to get anything from a reprimand man to a five day suspension. What's a bunch We don't know the exact numbers yet but it appears it'll be in the low hundreds and then finally our border patrol chief. What's going on there? Well you've probably heard that there's a private facebook facebook post for boater border patrol agencies private facebook account that is group for Border Patrol agents Let me stop right there. There is no such thing as a private facebook account or group unless you think that it is impossible that anybody in your group is going to forward one of your clever posts to somebody else else. There's no such thing as a private facebook group. Well these border patrol agents thought. There was that of course the information got out and Right now sixty. Two current and eight former border patrol agents and employees employees are being investigated in their role in the facebook group and this is a facebook group. It was called. I'm ten ten fifteen. What did they post? They posted everything from open questioning the authenticity authenticity of images of the migrant. Father and child who were found dead in a river they doctored images of representative Alexandria Cossio. Oh Cortez purporting to perform a sex act on donald trump and many many others so all these border border patrol employees who are under are under investigation right now and potentially some of them may end up losing their jobs. What's up with the chief of the Border Patrol? She joined the facebook post and now she is saying look I I may have joined. I was a member of that group. I possibly I got on there for the purpose of reading what my staff thought about me. I didn't know much about the the group and I rarely read their post but yeah I was a member of the the group and an ordinary world the chief would probably be looking at discipline up to and including termination but yet we have no idea in our current environment in Washington. DC what with politics on the fact that these posts concern learn illegal immigration so back to my message about all the stuff. We've got to do an immediate it intervention in the public safety community. And when I say we that includes management Labor people who do I do who are union side lawyers management side lawyers. We have got to get the word out to everybody now now and as often as we possibly can stop this stuff stop posting anything anything but particularly about politics on social media and all you're doing you may think that what you're posting is incredibly incredibly clever or contributing in some meaningful fashion to the national discourse but it may not be all that clever one looked at hat days later or weeks later or in a hearing in which you are challenging your termination and it can well catchy into serious risk of losing your job if you want to have those thoughts you want to express them to your friends. Whatever those thoughts? It's my bay. Feel free to do so. Don't do it on social media. We're going to end up. Just here's a prediction here. Let's come back and revisit this prediction and twenty twenty. We're going to end up with. I'm guessing at least a thousand in public safety employees in the next year. Losing their jobs because of these social media posts. It's so unnecessary Korea right onto our cases. Let's start in California. There's a wonderful decision from California's the Public Employment Relations Board about an exploding offer. What's an exploding offer? Besides a really cool term for something. Something in collective bargaining and exploding offer is a proposal in bargaining. That expires on a fixed date. So this offer is only going to be open until September one two thousand nineteen. That's an exploding offer so are exploding. Exploding offers legal. And this is the case the California Public Employment Relations Board has to deal with In a matter that involves a city of Arcadia California and union known as the Arcadia Police Civilian Employees Association Association. So what happens in the Arcadia case what what is going up. So the city and the Association are parties to a collective collective bargaining agreement. Or they call them in California a memorandum of understanding in September of two thousand thirteen the city announces to the association that wanted to finish negotiations by November two thousand thirteen because of city council elections. That would be held in April two thousand fourteen now. Let's fix that time sequence sequence in our minds. The Union's contract is not due to expire until June two thousand fourteen not so September two thousand thirteen nine months before the expiration of the contract. The city is saying to the Union. We want to wrap up bargaining in two months by November two thousand thirteen because six months later. We're going to have a city council election in April of two thousand fourteen. Okay so that's our time sequence. The city also tells the the association that have no agreement was reached on the contract by the end of November. It was just simply going to shutdown bargaining and it would not re-commence bargaining until after the elections And here's the kicker part of the city's announcement was you you know what if you bargain now and we reach an agreement by November two thousand thirteen signing bonuses will be on the table but if we don't reach agreement by November two thousand thirteen signing bonuses are likely not going to be on the table The association files on Ver- Labor practice charge alleging that the exploding offer he had done by November. Two Thousand Thirteen dinner no signing bonuses That the exploding offer amounted to bad faith bargaining and perp I'll I'll just use the acronym perved Public Employment Relations Board agrees with the Union. And what purp- does something fairly fairly interesting and something somewhat subtle pert says exploding office offers per se are not bad faith bargaining having it depends on the circumstances says per so it may well be that if a party is otherwise bargaining in good faith. You the have an offer that expires. On a certain day we're going to look at it under the totality of the circumstances and judge judge whether or not the employer or the union unions can make exploding offers is engaged in a bad faith bargain and one of the most important things we're going to look at. Why is this offer exploded? Whoever made that exploding exploding offer have they given a legitimate explanation for the deadline and it's regressive or their regressive posture posture after the deadline? Why are you moving backwards when you move backwards on a proposal? That's called a regressive bargaining so purpose saying we're going to look at a lot of different things about what was going on in the bargaining when we've got and exploding offer honor hands hands. The most important of them is. Why is this darn thing? Exploding to begin with what explanation was given and that says perp mark is where the city of Arcadia fails. I'M GONNA turn now to herbs opinion. Here's the quote. We find no adequate explanation Russian on these facts as an initial matter. The city's exploding offer was inextricable from is unilaterally early imposed ground rules. What are those? That's the notion that we're going to start bargaining early. And then if we don't reach an agreement by November We're GONNA come back to bargaining only after the city council election saucer or ground rules. Moreover the city stated reason for establishing flushing a November deadline was the city would be holding a city council election the following spring. We find that the city's exploding offer evidence bad faith given the significant time lag between the city's unilaterally imposed deadline and the the city council election and also given the inherent uncertainty as to whether the election would lead to new council majority favouring new budgetary terry expenditures so significant as to retire require the city to take a little less generous bargaining position with the association. So so bottom. Line says burp because the city doesn't have a legitimate explanation for that six month delay in bargaining. And and. Because it's not at all clear as to what's going to happen. As a result of the city council elections is going to get better as it gonNA get worse. said he doesn't doesn't know this. Exploding offer is an indicator of bad faith bargaining watch the remedy the purpose imposing very limited remedy in the case and the reason is that the union actually he agreed to a successor contract as successor. AMMO you the union leadership changed and And the Association was unable label to show a link between The city's exploding offer and the change in union leadership as so burbs remedy is limited to requiring the city to cease and desist from bad faith bargaining and to post a notice. Aw To all bargaining unit members that the city had done wrong by them with by making this exploding offer What what other remedies could be available if you didn't have this sort of limited factual situation That person was facing in this case where they actually entered into a successor. CERAMILL you it. Could well be that. PERP would order a remedy requiring the city to offer those signing bonuses even though the bargaining took place after the city self imposed deadline There could be remedies of attorney's fees could be a variety of different remedies days. But in this case because of the unusual facts per only tells the city to go forth and send no more and to post notice of love. It's unfair labor practice. Exploding ops if you've got one on your hands or if you're contemplating making one thank about the totality of the circumstances. Let's go across the country to Miami and talk flash drives. Oh we've got a domestic disturbance that bubbled over into a police officers work environment that's never happened before Well what what goes on in this case. This involves in Miami Dade County police officer by the name of Saint Edwards She was arrested and charged with two counts of official misconduct criminally charged after a an investigation. So I what what is the case all about well. Edwards is not getting along with her husband Clyde Edwards who works at a job Eh sports apparel and footwear store clydes boss Fella named Jose Raji contact at the place after story received a phone call from someone who identified herself as a Miami Dade police detective by the name of Diane Mitch. The caller told Raji Raji that Clyde should be fire because he was being investigated by police and there were police reports regarding the investigation. Raji asked to see a copy of police reports and received an email shortly afterwards from this Dianne Mitch or meat shower. Be Sure how you pronounce that name and email said Mr Raji. Attached are two reports that I may able to release to you at this time as we discussed. Please don't discuss the open case with the suspect. I will forward you the complete elite file in a couple of days. Thank you Diane. The to police reports that were attached to the email indicated that Clyde was being investigated for selling counterfeit sports shoes remember. He works a sports in a sports apparel and footwear store. Further our investigation by Raji and the Miami Dade police revealed that the to police reports were in fact falsified and had admin email to Raji from a copy machine located on the second floor of the Miami Dade Police Department Intra Coastal District station. Guess who works at the coastal station officer Saint Edwards Clydes Liedes wife eventually the investigation proceeds to a criminal prosecution and one of the pieces of evidence is a flash drive owned by officer Edwards. Personally that she had attached to her our work computer she a motion to suppress the flash. Drive saying it's my personal property and you didn't have probable cause to seize it. It or to search it after evidentiary hearing the court denied the motion to suppress the evidence. A jury convicts at words. both counts of official L.. Misconduct she gets sentenced to probation and she appeals her criminal conviction and the heart of her appeal. Is I had a privacy right to that flash drive. I know this is kind of under the heading of Duh but it's happened and so let's talk about it because it may be happening somewhere else. The Florida Court of Appeals says. No you don't have any privacy rights in this is flash drive. This was plugged into work computer. The work computer owned by the Miami Dade Police Department. The computer was kept in an the office you shared with another police officer. Who had full access to your file because you left the Password in plain view on your desk for the express purpose of allowing your co worker to use the computer? It's always handy by the way when you have a computer passwords to write. Let them down on paper. Not I hope everybody here is using a password manager of some form not reusing passwords. And making sure that you've got the most secure passwords out there and that you're not writing them down on paper okay. But I digress. The court says luck all uses of the system. All use of the files on the system under the the express agreement that you officer Edwards had with the department allowing you to use that computer all. Those files are subject to search and seizure and no one's got any expectation of privacy and not only. Are those the rules roles but every time you log into that computer officer Edwards. You have seen a log in banner that says you have. I have no expectation of privacy in anything that happens on this computer. I love this logging. Banner how comprehensive it is here. CARAMAN quote all uses of the system and all files on the system. Maybe intercepted monitored recorded copied audited party audited inspected and disclose to authorize personnel. When you look at all this as the court the flash drive may may have been Edwards personal property but at the time it was seized she left? It plugged into the work computer. She had no responsible expectation of privacy in the flash drive and its contents conviction pelt. US We've over to Pennsylvania for public policy case one involving a corrections officer. Normally you see these public policy cases. Either during the context of Police officers or firefighters. It's pretty rare e c one involving a corrections officer and in this case a a corrections officer who engaged in and admitted act of dishonesty justice. A reminder the public policy doctrine is an exception action to the notion that binding arbitration or Susan me arbitration is final and binding and this exception has a very narrow one one and what it does is to establish that if there is a dominant well-defined overriding public policy policy violated by the arbitrators opinion. A court can overturn the arbitrators opinion and the question of whether they're such public policy always ends up focusing on the remedy that the arbitrator came up with in the case. Does that remedy does that. Resolution of the case does it violated a clear violated clear public policy So let's talk about the facts in this case involving corrections actions out the Sir Tyrone Right of the Monroe County Correctional Facility in Pennsylvania in two thousand seventeen right calls alls insect and he justifies the use of a sick day by submitting a falsified doctors. Now they hadn't gone to the doctor. He had a spare doctor's note That he had obtained in two thousand eight. He altered a copy of that doctor's note and submitted it and and he did that to avoid and occurrence under the facilities attendance policy. And if you total a certain number of of occurrences you'll end up with discipline. Right wasn't on the cusp of yet in discipline as a result of the absence and it's really unclear. Clear why he thought he needed to avoid an occurrence but nonetheless that's what his justification was. He testified in the eventual arbitration craciun. Hearing that he had been going through an emotional time related to his deceased mother's birthday and that he had cared for her during the end of her or life His mother had died two years before and her birthday. Is it about the time he's using this sick leave day and forging the doctor's note He also testifies a new of the sick leave policies of the department and he knew it was wrong to submit an altered. I note while the facility terminates right is union challenges the termination in our nation and the arbitrator ends up reducing rights termination to a thirty day suspension. Why what's the arbitrators justification? He says well he's a thirteen year corrections officer very limited it'd prior discipline and the facility only offered what the arbitrator refers to as a vague explanation as to why why lesser disciplined would not meet. Its needs the arbitrator ends up concluded that the facility did not offer that I'm quoted Auden a compelling excuse for its lack of fidelity to the remedial goals of progressive discipline and the arbitrator points out that right right admitted he was wrong. He expressed remorse and he said I will never do such a thing in the future so the termination reduced to a thirty day suspension which is in the context of the wage schedule four corrections officers in Pennsylvania. And of course it's going to depend upon how much overtime right work. That's going to be a fine of at least five thousand dollars or so thirty day. Suspension mentioned pretty serious suspension. That right ends up with the facility isn't happy though and challenges the arbitrator's decision through the court the system claiming that the arbitrator's decision violates public policy and the case ends up before Pennsylvania's is Commonwealth Court the Commonwealth court in Pennsylvania's what most states would call a court of Appeals So if you're unfamiliar with that term turn that's what we're talking about. An Intermediate Court of Appeals not the Spring Court But at this stage before the Supreme Court and the court begins by saying look we use in Pennsylvania and by the way this is the case almost everywhere. We use a three step analysis when we're looking at these public policy cases cases and an employer has to prove all elements of this three step analysis. What's what are the three steps? First of all what's what's the conduct that led to the discipline. That's all was easy to proof right. Number two a determination of whether that conduct implicates implicates a well-defined and dominant public policy. That's usually going to be the case in these Public policy issues and and then third. Here's the big one determination of whether the arbitrator's award poses an unacceptable risk that it will undermine the policy and caused the public employer to breach its lawful obligations to the public So this is going to be a focus because this third requirement is going to be focused on the arbitrator's award does it undermine public policy and it is the third third of these three tests that the Commonwealth court determines that the employer cannot meet And the court ends up saying a lot of different things here about why it is. The facility doesn't make that third third test but I'm focused on the most important up and quote to you from two or three cents at the end of the court's opinion. Here's here's what the court says. While rights actions are unacceptable the arbitrator's award of Thirty Day working day suspension and the second most serious sanction under the collective bargaining agreement short upholding termination does not be speak acceptance but rather a modulated approach to progressive discipline that is consistent with prior discipline imposed by the Facility for similar behaviour clearly says the court. There is an explicit well defined and dominant public policy against falsification of Documents Amos however the arbitrator found various mitigating factors and a rationale that included ample explanation. I'm for why a thirty day. Suspension without pay for a reasonable calibrated defensible relationship to the threat posed by rights conduct. Thus says the court because we have a reasonable relationship between the penalty imposed by the arbitrator a thirty day suspension. The second most Oh serious disciplinary action. The employer could've taken a reasonable relationship between that and the conduct considering all the mitigating circumstances. No public policy violation in the arbitrator's award It's very hard for employers to win these public policy cases and it's because of the focus on the remedy the focus on the award award. What courts want to see particularly in these termination cases in order to find public policy violation they wanna see we something out there in a statute and court opinion something out there that says the punishment selected by the employer is the only punishment available for this type of offence so in this circumstance? You'd want to see something something like a state statute that says that if a corrections officer falsifies a document and is dishonest that corrections actions officer must be fired but if there are alternatives that are possible in whatever. The State Regulatory Regulatory System is or statute accord opinion. If it's just that this is unacceptable conduct and the conduct violates public policy. I say it's not going to violate public policy for the arbitrator to choose a different disciplinary supplant. Sanction what's at the heart of this. What's really going on with these public policy cases and why these this exception is so narrowly interpreted by the chorus? And what's going on is courts don't want to interpret arbitrators opinions Indians. They don't want appeals from arbitrators opinions. They figure if you go out and negotiate a contract that says that arbitration as final and unbinding you know what that means arbitrations GonNa be final binding and it's going to be a rare rare case where a court will invoke this public policy exception to overturn at a Labor are portrayed as opinion that has been and rendered under a contract clause that says arbitration as final and binding. If you want appeals into the court system from an arbitration decision. Say these courts negotiate that into your collective bargaining agreements. Don't go to us. Don't come to US looking for us to create a broad exception allowing you to appeal arbitrator's opinions that you happen to disagree with well. That's it for the August. Two Thousand Nineteen edition of a first Thursday We hope you join us for our premium podcast series. We've got some really interesting interviews coming up Including one on on the relationship between federal state and local employment laws and and how employer can get into trouble by complying with one on but maybe not complying with all of them or the others Also we look forward to joining us if you can in Las Vegas in September. We're going to have our grievances and Arbitration Seminar. That's always well attended. People love coming to that seminar and check us out out of course on our webpage and eller. Is Dot Com. And if he can't get enough of US Do consider our facebook page we. We won't be posting any memes on our facebook page. I'll let you know that our facebook page which is eller. Is Online. I'll post something on their three three to four times a week commenting on developments around the country could be a contract. Settlement could be the latest greater social media post or it. It could be any of a number of topics that impacts the public safety workplace with that. This is well aitchison signing off.