35 Burst results for "Aztec"

"aztec" Discussed on Overheard at National Geographic

Overheard at National Geographic

02:41 min | Last month

"aztec" Discussed on Overheard at National Geographic

"If you wanna know. More about what the aztecs like before fifteen twenty one. Check out our history magazine piece and learn how. This anniversary is playing out in mexico especially during cova. We only spent a few minutes with communities to spend more time with them. Take a look at allen's book corns our blood culture and ethnic identity in contemporary as tech village. He and pamela also have a new book coming out in two thousand twenty two call pilgrimage to broken mountain. it's a look now sacred journeys in mexico plus if the rain gods intrigued you take. Jim's book the rain gods rebellion to learn more about raphael's michika. Ai program checkout www dot rafael perez e perez dot com. That's all in the show notes and while you're there be sure rates and review us because that really helps other listeners. Find us if you like what you hear and want to support more content like this. Please consider a national geographic subscription. Go to nat. Go dot com slash explore to subscribe. Today overheard at national geographic is produced by alana strauss. Brian gutierrez jacob pinter and laura sam. Our senior producer is carl wells. Our senior editor is eli chen. Our executive producer of audio is our lawn. Perfect checkers robin paul. Merkin julie. beer or copy editor. Is amy kozak. This episode was sound designed and engineered by hans. Stale sue special. Thanks to jeff kaufman who fell manawatu ceremony. This podcast production of national geographic partners. Whitney johnson is the director of visuals and immersive experiences. Susan goldberg is national. Geographic's editorial director and i'm your host. Amy breaks thanks for listening. We've all been dreaming of traveling and have long lists of places to visit and explore with the city of vantage platinum. Select card adventure is always within reach. You'll earn american airlines advantage miles on every purchase and two times miles at restaurants including takeout in two times at gas stations. Plus here's a bonus offer that will really get you moving for a limited time apply for the city advantage platinum select card and you can earn fifty thousand advantage bonus miles after qualifying purchases had to city dot com slash adventure to learn more..

rafael perez mexico cova alana strauss Brian gutierrez jacob pinter laura sam carl wells eli chen robin paul Merkin julie amy kozak jeff kaufman pamela raphael national geographic partners Whitney johnson allen Susan goldberg national geographic
"aztec" Discussed on Overheard at National Geographic

Overheard at National Geographic

05:19 min | Last month

"aztec" Discussed on Overheard at National Geographic

"God.

"aztec" Discussed on Overheard at National Geographic

Overheard at National Geographic

07:32 min | Last month

"aztec" Discussed on Overheard at National Geographic

"Water. Cold's out to call out in the. The rains begin guessing. That's not talking. Jim montague shoot up. But it's hurting bidding a drawn marking pack. We do not know how is going. And according to what they say they killed the ring. God's killed him because he does not pull out now. Though at the rain gardens are what they sound like gods that bring rain tell you the story about it. They say it's a story about a boy who goes to the river together crayfish near nachos Ideas daily porch. Not a glum. Like the ones they could send dancers use. Take the castle. Dancers are a downsized community who knows actually nachos middle brother plays drums for that group so gathering crayfish boy came to a waterfall and this girl appeared out of the water and started talking to him and basically falling in love and the girl she was mythological while culture called an chahe which means water dweller and they can take the form of a lizard or serpent view chani argue one who kind of bring the terrestrial waters it bobble out of the ground so the china have a lot of downtime. Just sit in water with their mouths open and eat everything that falls into the water. Ordinarily the chani a earlier stories is a dangerous being and often associated with the with the devil. China and this story was friendly. She didn't want to leave the boy. I'm gonna embraced. Embracing took him into the water and he doesn't drowned. He doesn't die keeps playing his drum for these. They say that is of that born when they make yes talking. You know for sure myself. According to what they say the boy pass strums before the boy plays the drum with the girl and and marks The path to of siestas that occur in different times of the year. But now we know number one younger. Here's jim doesn't know why the now i hear the drumming anymore. One of the theories is the rain. Gods killed it. And the other possibility is that he was explaining really his his sense of loss having no longer cultivated a common core and being plot with his brothers and because his life has changed. And it's changed in the community as well so they've lost contact with the chani this story and others made jim realize something. New took me a long time to see it. They are the way people talk about discourse about political discourse political events in their community. The stories aren't just old folktales there about the present the now associate the itani with the mysterious mexican people whose ancestry is both indigenous and european. They are the largest ethnic group in mexico in some stories. Jim collected the ashani where the animal companion spirits of local political figures. Who did the misdeeds. And jim found that the roles of the gods with change over time based on what was going on for instance before the fall of the aztec rain. Gods were kind of above human affairs so this idea of of rain gods coming to the aid of people because they empathize with their circumstances which is definitely something that developed after the conquest. This idea that god's can be emphasis empathetic. that's in part. Because the brain gods became kind of a standard for the nawab muring the way the ivana represented missiles the rain. Gods and china would frequently get into fights the tension between the rain gods in the itani mirrors the tension between the nawa. And the. because there's a lot of antagonism between the johnny and the rain gods explained too often end the this concept of envy and now culture is something that really struck jim. They don't even admit that they feel envious defined blame everything frenzy. It's considered to be a major character. Flaw nbn lover opposites. Love is about working with others. If you cooperate in the family you're going to love your family members. The opposite of this is envy which is out for yourself. You want something so badly you'll do take it from another person. It's described as like hunger. We've all been traveling and have long lists of places to visit an explorer with the city advantage. Platinum select card adventure is always within reach. You'll earn american airlines advantage miles on every purchase and two times miles at restaurants including takeout into smiles at gas stations. Plus here's a bonus offer that will get you moving for a limited time apply for the city advange platinum select card and you can earn fifty thousand advantage bonus miles after qualifying purchases had to city dot com slash adventure to learn more. There's a new podcast. You might enjoy ted climate from the ted audio collective. They don't pack the problems and solutions of climate. Change without burning you out too much host. Dan quarter walks you through big systemic issues in bite sized episodes with questions lake. Will the ocean ever run a fish or can we transition to only renewable energy coming up extreme weather the best grocery bag to us and the international journey of the very shirt on your back find and follow ted climate wherever you're listening so after the aztec fell from power and now people in their culture survived even after a disastrous population decline and they continue to survive today an international interest in the no other language in this being taught all the united states. Right now are we have colleagues teaching in university of utah. What are the world's centers for the study of this. Language is now warsaw poland. And after all there aren't a whole lot of indigenous american languages that have one point five million speakers. If you're going to learn this is a pretty useful. One two now and now now is making its way into the cage. Some years ago. The princes were born under the protection of the greek.

Jim montague jim china China mexico Jim johnny ted Dan university of utah warsaw united states poland
"aztec" Discussed on Overheard at National Geographic

Overheard at National Geographic

06:37 min | Last month

"aztec" Discussed on Overheard at National Geographic

"City. He took a special interest in the catis. When you think that they've destroyed all these books eight just hurts. Amazingly some caucases are still around today held in museum collections. All over the world. And when i say amazingly i mean it one codex was in dresden during world war two and survived the firebombing there the room where the codex was in florida and he's miraculously survive in because it was sort of encapsulated in between two other books or nesta says you can learn a lot about aztec culture from these cottage cheese like the rituals beliefs and even their beverages. After certain age they were allowed to drink bull k. These furman drink coming from the gaby from where you get a scholarship and tequila also and only the the others were allowed to use these drinks in the non ritual context as well as what we call in western traditionist. Magic mushrooms psychedelic mushrooms. That were also very common for ritual practices but these goddesses aren't just artifacts they're living documents communities every year. Go to the national anthropology museum. They take out the from the bolt and they do small retail some reps from the community with meskel and some other elements from the culture and then they take it back in fact. These old documents are even occasionally used in current legal disputes. They might go back to that. Say okay. I see that this territory belong to the family of one parents so any. It's good proof to make a legal case in mexico so we have these documents which are valuable records of how the aztec live back. Then but how are. They living now deluged pretty much as they had lived particularly in the areas outside of the very center of mexico city. That's jim taggart. A professor of history archaeology franklin and marshall college up north the. Us and canada tried to wipe out native american culture. In some cases native american children were sent to schools far from their family and forbidden from speaking their languages which drastically decrease the number of speakers in mexico. The government did encourage simulation but many indigenous people were still able to keep their languages. No there were all kinds of problems but the now i was in certain regions. Speak very good now. What their vocabularies large they. The grammar is in good shape. They're very articulate and they can tell beautiful oral narratives. that's right. There are still now uh speakers in mexico about one point five million of them they still live in their communities speak their language tell their stories and practice their religion and in nineteen sixty eight. Jim went on a quest to find them and learn about their culture. He traveled to mexico and came upon a valley five hours from mexico city that he knew had community was live in houses that are hidden. You can't really see them. The valley is so covered in trees. That you can't actually see the houses. Call them challah. Weekday trees a big leaves the provide a lot of shade and are also tropical fruit trees growing bananas. Oranges papaya mangoes every morning. A person could hear the mule trains with their their horseshoes hitting stones. They'd be walking through the community. Up to the commercial center of doc apostle which was the most important town for the merchants in the area the now up and dressed in white cotton trousers and shirts and the women wore these blouses embroidered with logical figures when they worked in the cornfields and they turn back corn tortillas. The idea was to get the corn very finely so that the tortillas tasted like cakes there would just melt in your mouth but they're very hard to make at the village. Jim was looking to gather stories but he had to win. Over people's trust. I and that was tricky. At one point he attended awake for a young man when another man approached him. Who said de-deputy took you quality. Are you working with the devil. And at that time. I was a i would answer everyone what i didn't know what else to say i said came on. Yes i am. But i didn't know what he said and people look at me like they thought. I just been aware that this guy come prom. But then nacho showed up. Nacho wasn't now a man who explained what happened at the week. He would go on to be gym teacher and friend and he just turned out to be a splendid fellow. he's very honest and very decent man and he was four years younger than me and so we were close enough in age so we share a lot of interest. Jim would end up going back and forth between now villages in the us for the next forty four years over. The decades nacho taught him to speak a dialect of nah he could also explain to me things that people said that. I didn't understand because you were alluding to things that i didn't know abou- so over time. Jim got something really valuable stories. Jim would come to nachos house. Nacho hannah piece of sweet bread and a cup of coffee. They used to make delicious coffee because they used sugarman real sugar. Cane and nacho would tell him stories on one occasion he told him a story that finally made him understand why these stories were so important to the nawa. It started when nacho told him about a mysterious sound in a nearby river but say not.

national anthropology museum mexico jim taggart marshall college mexico city nesta dresden commercial center of doc apost Jim florida franklin nacho canada us Nacho Nacho hannah sugarman Cane
"aztec" Discussed on Overheard at National Geographic

Overheard at National Geographic

08:12 min | Last month

"aztec" Discussed on Overheard at National Geographic

"We're at a village in rural mexico about a day's drive from mexico city. You can hear music emanating from a little house. That has a scratched roof but inside. That's where the action is. There's a ceremony going on rituals often. Take place in walsh wines which are small houses. that's allen sandstrom an ethnographer pretty university fort wayne who spent decades researching the village and the people who live here. He approaches the house and he joins the forty or so villagers inside musicians over in this corner playing turned violent music. They're place of phil. Cocoa smoke like a fog at this very beautiful smelling like a pie like christmas tree or something smelly anna and they'd be dancing to the music. Maybe up trivia dozen women beautiful costumes dancing. Some people decorate an altar with miracles. The whole thing to your yellow orange. they'd make a beautiful pin wheels on palm oil palm and flowers and put them on the author of the spars sky. Meanwhile others are making thousands of ritual. paper figures. Cutouts meant to embody the gods and then carefully place them on the altar and then there's this man and he starts chanting. You're gonna lincoln. The ritual lasts for full week going on day and night with no rice. These villagers their descendants of the tech so the language you're hearing it's not spanish. The villagers still speak now wa which is the same language at the asked textbook the ritual. The paper figures the miracles. The dancing it dates back centuries before europeans set foot in the americas moments mcgregor wisely fact ninety percent native american and with a ten percent on of catholicism. So five hundred years ago this summer the aztec empire came to an end when their local rivals teamed up with some new arrivals to the americas the spaniards their capital city Foul and spanish forces took over. But then what happens. I'm amy briggs. Executive editor of national geographic history magazine. And this is over her a show where we eavesdrop on the wild conversations we have here at chico and follow them to the edges of our big weird beautiful world this week and honor up to santa bursary. We're going to mexico. We're going to explore. The legacy of the aztec will investigate the rare records that miraculously survived the spanish inquisition. Learn what happens when you feed aztec legends into a computer and meet modern ashtec descendants. Toki one them while he did you. Are you working with the devil. And i said came. I yes i but i didn't know what he said. More after the break. Geico and national geographic working together to make your life a lot easier. Get a quote with gyco mentioned your nat. Go affiliation and you could get a special discount on geico's already low rates visit geico dot com slash nat. Go to see how much you could save. That's geico dot com slash nicio great rates great service and a whole lot more geico dot com slash net. You history magazine just featured a cover story on the ashtec age looking back at the people who dominated central and southern mexico in the thirteen hundred's we know them today as the aztec but that wasn't what they call themselves they were known as the michika which is where mexico gets its name. They like other peoples. In the region spoke a language called nawa. The sheiks home was a place called at salon. Archaeologists don't know its exact location but most believe it's in northern mexico and the word aztec comes from this name and we should let you know. Now the terms asked technolo- masika daryl different but they overlap a lot so it's hard to keep them separate. You're gonna notice people using them. Interchangeably in this episode surround the early fourteenth century. This group of nawa travel south from exxon and founded two cities that later combined into one giant city. We know it. Today is mexico city but the michigan called it. Tash t- lawn. It was from there that their empire would grow these lowly wondering group outlying group from the north arrived into central mexico and founded a stable city states. that's andres resendez a history. Professor at the university of california davis so basically it was a little bit like the mafia. The warriors went out there They intimidated other city states into providing tributes and we have a beautiful month. Three through does have beautiful document showing. I don't know Hundreds of four hundred city states owing tribute sending tribute To land their their center their Their city state while the decker building an empire. Spain is trying to do the same thing and the early fifteen. Hundreds spain gets very excited about the americas and begins colonizing caribbean islands. Then they turn their attention westward and in fifteen nineteen. They sent an expedition to mexico. Led by non cortes. So let's just talk briefly about what happens in fifteen. Nineteen cortes shows up. How what's the reaction at first as he welcomes are people afraid of fluid situation. In which different city states were either subservient to others or trying to overthrow the subservience and so evidently everybody was trying to figure out how to better use the strangers in their own. Going wars still must like he shows up in the middle of the story right. He throws himself in the middle of these active conflict going on so cortez forges an alliance with various indigenous groups and decides to take over tena sheet lawn so their combined forces descend on the city and may fifteen twenty one one definite technological advantage on the part of the spanish words there they're lt artillery so if they could just get close enough to the city they could use their very destructive artillery And there was nothing the the aspects could do With their own weapons to stop that they asked surrender on august thirteenth. Fifteen twenty one and the spanish takeover. Eventually they decided to build a spanish city on top of the ashtec's city which is why today the main cathedral and the national palace lay just a few steps from the ruins of their main temple of the aspects. The following years for devastating for the tech many were enslaved. Most of the population dies from disease and poor living conditions brought on by the spanish. Given all that devastation. You might think that information about the aztec empire might be hard to come by but lucky for us. Some record survived. They're called the aztec caucases. They were records used for all kinds of things. Keeping track affoil tributes divining the future delineating territories telling stories of conquest and feet the spanish army and the clergy destroyed many of them but spanish monks missionaries created their own versions that recorded aztec lifts alongside now while words in spanish translations. Sort of like a rosetta stone. Here's her nesto. Miranda a digital humanities instructor at university..

mexico geico allen sandstrom americas amy briggs national geographic history ma mexico city technolo masika daryl fort wayne walsh andres resendez mcgregor Toki phil decker building lincoln Spain
"aztec" Discussed on Progressive Talk 1350 AM

Progressive Talk 1350 AM

03:34 min | 4 months ago

"aztec" Discussed on Progressive Talk 1350 AM

"Sort of four different powers. This'll, according to Brian Fagan, author of the Excellent 70 Great Inventions of the Ancient World. Hey, classifies them as snow. I smoke and wind and so let's start with the third this snow and the ice because that's probably the one of the ones we have some cumbersome, really robust evidence for Ice age hunters in what is now Ukraine. Use permafrost storage some 14,000 years ago we have evidence of this. They would dig deep pits in the frozen tundra. And they would store mammoth flesh and other foods in there. Okay s so this would have been you said during the ice age, So this is when, like the like the polar regions and sort of extended down closer to the equator, and you had ice sheets and permafrost lower at lower latitudes. So you had a lot of basically had That ice on hand yet all the snow on hand you had a lot of the cold environment that was readily available in which to hide away your excess mammoth flesh for later. But that's not the only environment in which we saw this strategy, Excel. In modern day Syria, For example, Icehouse technology goes back to a least 1700 BC and it was also well established in China by the seventh century BC now nice houses a building designed for storing ice and and then storing things that need to be cooled by that ice. And we've touched on this a bit. And then past episode specifically our episode on air conditioned, you know, how do you? How do you store ice and keep it cool? Yeah, And I think there were some allegations that Say. For example, in ancient Persia, you could have sellers that were cooled by wind catchers and cannot see that would would stay very cold and you could store you know cold, like foods or ice or whatever in them. Yeah, but in other cases, you just had access to say mountain ice. Even we saw this in the Aztec world. The Aztecs would bring ice down from the mountains would be carried down by runners and then it would be sold to you members of the royal houses. They're in the market. This allegedly happened in the ancient Roman world as well, Right? Yeah, and the Chinese utilized. It is, well, the different ice houses of the Chinese used, you know, they often had, you know, ornate doors. They had a draining system for when the ice is melting, and it would be used as a place to store ice or even a royal body. After the individual had passed away, and by the way, All of this is one of the reasons why the history of ice cream goes back. You know far further in time, then I think a lot of this might think the Chinese, for instance, are thought to have produced the earliest example of the sweet iced milk concoction as early as the seventh century. BC We can do the full episode on ice cream. Well, we thought we were gonna have maybe a sponsor for a little bit. We're like, Bring us the ice cream sponsor. Oh, that's right. Yeah. Conduct bar. You're out there hit us up. Yeah, we'll do an ice cream episode tomorrow. If you would, like, Keep listening. You can hear the rest of this podcast and all of its episodes and discovered thousands of others all available to you for free right now by downloading the I heart radio app number one for podcasts. Here's a preview of one of our science centric podcast for a trip down the rabbit hole. Welcome to text up production of I Heart radios. How stuff works. Hey there and welcome to Tech stuff. I'm your host, Jonathan.

Brian Fagan Jonathan China Ukraine Excellent 70 Great Inventions seventh century BC Syria 1700 BC tomorrow Excel Persia 14,000 years ago seventh century third thousands I Heart I heart radio BC one Aztec
"aztec" Discussed on Mythical Monsters

Mythical Monsters

03:40 min | 8 months ago

"aztec" Discussed on Mythical Monsters

"Cosmology was based on the everlasting war between light and shadow on the side of light was the feathered serpent quetzalcoatl. The god of knowledge and on the side of shadow was his brother. The jaguar tez cattle polka sometimes associated with dark magic and discord but tense cattle. Polka is not purely an evil being in the aztec language of nahuatl. His name translates to smoking mirror. And he's often depicted alongside and obsidian mirror. Obsidian is shiny jet black form of volcanic glass and a key element of the jaguar. Mythos to the ancient aztecs. Obsidian was a mysterious almost sacred. Object warriors and kings adorned themselves in jaguar. Skin and carried obsidian blades to honor. Tez cattle polka. According to some stories shamans would gaze hours into obsidian disks as a way to gain insight into the dark corners of their psyche. The closer they got to their shadow self the closer they were to test cattle polka. The story of quetzalcoatl and says cattle pope as struggle was told in a cycle of endless creation and destruction. Over the course of five ages. Each one saw different god the role of the sun. The god in the position of the sun would ultimately be overtaken by the other god and the world's population would be destroyed and recreated stories of quetzalcoatl and tez cuddle. Polka were so influential that they affected as tech politics adorned with the same job war skin associated with tez cattle polka emperor. Montezuma the second was often seen as god in the eyes of his subjects when the spanish invaded mexico in fifteen nineteen some say that montezuma assumed spanish leader her nan. Cortez was quetzalcoatl reincarnated. This was due to the fact. That cortez was white. A color most often associated with quetzalcoatl though. This may not be true. The bloody conflict between the spanish. And the aztec would prove to be no less apocalyptic so apocalyptic that dark feline god had to lend his people a helping hand or claw. Captain fernando de la casa. Found himself alone in the jungle. He could not remember how he got there. Or why and his surroundings gave him few clues. It was so dark. The young captain could barely make out his hand in front of his face. That's when he heard it. He turned and saw an enormous jaguar. Bare its teeth. By the time he drew his sword. It was already too late. For nando woke up breathless his cod soaked with sweat for the last few days. He'd had the nightmare whenever he tried to close his eyes. The jaguar was there waiting for its prey. Only tonight it felt more real than it ever had before. He swung his legs over the side of his caught his heart. still racing. Sleep would be impossible tonight. So fernando left his quarters deciding to take a walk through the empty streets of ten. No ch teeth land.

mexico aztec five ages Each one Cortez second montezuma spanish fifteen aztecs Montezuma hours cattle nineteen
Tezcatlipoca, the Aztec god of chaos

Mythical Monsters

03:41 min | 8 months ago

Tezcatlipoca, the Aztec god of chaos

"Cosmology was based on the everlasting war between light and shadow on the side of light was the feathered serpent quetzalcoatl. The god of knowledge and on the side of shadow was his brother. The jaguar tez cattle polka sometimes associated with dark magic and discord but tense cattle. Polka is not purely an evil being in the aztec language of nahuatl. His name translates to smoking mirror. And he's often depicted alongside and obsidian mirror. Obsidian is shiny jet black form of volcanic glass and a key element of the jaguar. Mythos to the ancient aztecs. Obsidian was a mysterious almost sacred. Object warriors and kings adorned themselves in jaguar. Skin and carried obsidian blades to honor. Tez cattle polka. According to some stories shamans would gaze hours into obsidian disks as a way to gain insight into the dark corners of their psyche. The closer they got to their shadow self the closer they were to test cattle polka. The story of quetzalcoatl and says cattle pope as struggle was told in a cycle of endless creation and destruction. Over the course of five ages. Each one saw different god the role of the sun. The god in the position of the sun would ultimately be overtaken by the other god and the world's population would be destroyed and recreated stories of quetzalcoatl and tez cuddle. Polka were so influential that they affected as tech politics adorned with the same job war skin associated with tez cattle polka emperor. Montezuma the second was often seen as god in the eyes of his subjects when the spanish invaded mexico in fifteen nineteen some say that montezuma assumed spanish leader her nan. Cortez was quetzalcoatl reincarnated. This was due to the fact. That cortez was white. A color most often associated with quetzalcoatl though. This may not be true. The bloody conflict between the spanish. And the aztec would prove to be no less apocalyptic so apocalyptic that dark feline god had to lend his people a helping hand or claw. Captain fernando de la casa. Found himself alone in the jungle. He could not remember how he got there. Or why and his surroundings gave him few clues. It was so dark. The young captain could barely make out his hand in front of his face. That's when he heard it. He turned and saw an enormous jaguar. Bare its teeth. By the time he drew his sword. It was already too late. For nando woke up breathless his cod soaked with sweat for the last few days. He'd had the nightmare whenever he tried to close his eyes. The jaguar was there waiting for its prey. Only tonight it felt more real than it ever had before. He swung his legs over the side of his caught his heart. still racing. Sleep would be impossible tonight. So fernando left his quarters deciding to take a walk through the empty streets of ten. No ch teeth land.

Kings Captain Fernando De La Casa Pope Montezuma Cortez Mexico Nando Fernando
"aztec" Discussed on This Day in History Class

This Day in History Class

02:01 min | 9 months ago

"aztec" Discussed on This Day in History Class

"Ashley. This is something that when sometimes before the podcast starts all of are talking about life in about frustrations and whatever else comes up in this actually have been a great been bitches segment but i really dislike. How often like my favorite shirt. Who like a navy. Blue golf shirt. It's now fading out after washing it like just a few times really. That is so forgive. Annoy i know i have one of my favorite syracuse sweatshirts that if i had oxy clean beforehand before i got it and i was using it in the laundry i would have been able to preserve the sweatshirt. But now it's like the syracuse has gone so have you ever been frustrated about your favorite dark closed. Losing that deep and rich color. Like ashley and i have no. That's the worst will oxy clean. Dark protect removes stains and helps prevent fading and peeling to help. Keep dark colors. Deep and rich and fabrics smooth. It works with your laundry detergent to help. Extend the life of your clothes and keep things looking newer longer. The oxy clean dark protect also contains oxy clean. Stain fighters drew remove stains in extend the life of your clothes while keeping dark colors deep and rich and fabrics smooth. So this is something to ashland. I care about really intimately so if you have the same kind of concerns if this happened to you. And i'd be shocked. The haven't you've gotta trae ox clean dark protect for yourself. If you want to work your magic with oxy clean good. Oxy clean dot com at target. We know a good deal means a great deal this week through saturday december nineteenth. It's time to finish off your list with deals on apple save up to thirty percent on home appliances and up to thirty percent of toys and games with the holiday clock. Ticking it's never too late to make a lasting impression with last minute gifts for everyone on your list shop in store and at target dot com bring more to every moment for less only at target exclusions apply..

syracuse Ashley navy golf ashley ashland apple
"aztec" Discussed on Ideas

Ideas

04:07 min | 10 months ago

"aztec" Discussed on Ideas

"To cement maintain power. He was very successful I actually think that the way he handled. The arrival of the spaniards was quite astute as well Even though in modern times he's been portrayed as having made terrible mistakes. Well let's talk about that. If we move into the their conquest period The received story. The cliche story that we know is that cortez. More or less walked into the area unopposed and that zuma was passive in can all but offered the kingdom to him. What's wrong with that depict. Well this story has been right. That most azuma just offered his kingdom to cortes But years ago actually a famous english scholar. John eliot debunked that and demonstrated that cortez needed to claim that that had happened because by the time he was writing to the crown. In spain the indigenous people were fighting back and fighting hard and according to the laws of just war. You couldn't just walk into somebody else's kingdom. They were fighting back against you and then defeat them and feel that you had got on your side but if they had already said we hereby give you feel we have just become part of your kingdom and then they rebelled then it was perfectly just and you had got on your side if you walked into their kingdom and crush them so since that was what the spaniards now had to do he had to create a situation in which people in spain believed that these were quote rebels. So that's why he made up that story. But there's no actual evidence that anything like that really happened on the contrary montezuma seems to have observed the the spaniards everywhere that he could One of the now what. Historians tells us that he kept what we would call a war room. That is a single place where all messengers came and he said that there were messengers coming and going all the time at all hours of the day and night so that they could keep track of the oncoming people. There is also indirect evidence in these histories that montezuma did in fact Send soldiers and warriors to fight with the spaniards and in those battles learned what the spaniards could do. They had armor that shattered stone eros so they were relatively invulnerable if they kept in groups of at least two hundred of the indigenous could easily pick off a wandering spaniard to even in his armor so he had learned a great deal through these sort of cautious battles experimental battles and through his spy system and seems to have concluded that the best thing to do was to allow them into the city where he could observe them negotiate with them etc so so. It's kind of reconnaissance battles. Yes yet but they were still. I think if i'm not mistaken they were still ferocious battles In of the they were tough. And i'm wondering if you could speak to what you think was the decisive moment When conquest came pretty much assure thing that's a good question. When the conquest become a sure thing well in the big picture. Eurasians asians had been farming for millennia. Five to eight millennia longer than the new world people so in the big picture. I suppose it's fair to say they ultimately were going to win. The aztecs had been farming about as long as the ancient mesopotamia potato had When they were at the peak of their civilization so it's a bit like we would be pitting renaissance europe against the ancient mesopotamia's as impressive as the sumerians. Were they they win. Win that war. So in the big picture. I would say it was always going to happen. But and the specific level on a more specific level at what point did cortez's for a a become highly likely to be the one that was victorious..

cortez azuma John eliot spain cortes zuma montezuma mesopotamia europe
"aztec" Discussed on Haunted Places

Haunted Places

04:43 min | 10 months ago

"aztec" Discussed on Haunted Places

"I might regret later. I presume you're already did not go as planned. There is no band of aztec rebels. The rumors were either exaggerated or entirely false care. Not which two weeks of searching. And all i got was a wounded foot and notched sword for my trouble. Your wife will be pleased to hear you return home.

aztec
National Spicy Guacamole Day with Adam Gamwell

Podcast Gumbo

03:09 min | 10 months ago

National Spicy Guacamole Day with Adam Gamwell

"All this is adam. I'm curious about national spicy guacamole as a person born in texas. I had my blood replaced with hot sauce at a young age and was raised thinking that guacamole was its own food group. I'm also a sucker for cultural history. So here's some food for thought. The original aztec take word for avocado apparently had shall we say in an atomic corlett. Is this true or is this story. I dunno nuts. Thanks for helping to solve this important mystery. I'm going balls out on his episode. Thanks to adam. There're so much to unsheathe here. So i'm going to do it in less than five minutes so here we go today. November fourteenth is national spicy guacamole day. Who out there doesn't love guacamole. But i have to admit that. I'm not sure i've ever had the spicy version. All i really know is that guacamole is made from avocados but that name is only for marketing purposes because a the real name is hard to say and be it means testicle. Yup you won't look at an avocado the same way anymore. I'll put a lincoln. The showed so you can learn more about. The origins of the avocado one atom sent me as request. He also said he is now loving. The short format podcast. There was only by coincidence that i found a short podcast for him about avocados for my first recommendation. I'm going with the nutrition. Diva podcast. As i just mentioned the episodes are very short and i found not one but two interesting episodes about avocados. So i'm going to give you both here both at take a total of ten minutes of your precious time the first episode kind of blew my mind about guacamole. I learned that when you eat something like celery it's much healthier to eat. It was guacamole. But maybe now for the reason you're thinking of the second episode talks about the difference between the california and florida based avocados. Who knew after listening to those episodes. Post your favourite guacamole recipe on social media using the spicy guacamole day. Hashtag my guest today. Is adam gamble host of this. Anthro life podcast. This annual life digs into the truth and hope in our creative potential through design culture and technology. If you are a coffee or tea drinker take a listen to the connected cup episode. Where adam interviews. Filmmaker and coffee anthropologists brooke

Texas Adam Lincoln Adam Gamble Florida California Brooke
"aztec" Discussed on Omnibus! With Ken Jennings and John Roderick

Omnibus! With Ken Jennings and John Roderick

05:43 min | 1 year ago

"aztec" Discussed on Omnibus! With Ken Jennings and John Roderick

"I'd I use that thing? Not just playing star wars that that was like? That, also your all-purpose cowboy. Spy Sidearms World War Two gun was it like a loophole your parents wouldn't buy guns but they'd. They'd buy you a blaster. No, you know. My mom was early seventies progressive and refused to buy me guns. So I made guns out of everything. Yeah. DRIFTWOOD and stone and. KABADDI and whatever. So eventually they relented I'm Fred Meyer and get my own guns today you can. Well, I did then to do you think Pablo is. You can cancel his patron donation now that we just talked about star wars toys for the first half his. Death was you know Pablo's probably forward in his chair hanging in there they're going to get back to it. I believe in this guy's death whistles Aztec death was it didn't even occur to me that we had done the Muslim American ballgame. When you agreed to do this? Yeah. This is all I mean. It's not that I don't have a new I don't have a new Mexican restaurant I'm promoting. Kenzi and. Rainforest Cafe I. Have To. I have to imagine though that. The Mayan and Aztec culture is tantalizing to us both because it's you know it's a North American culture that we have all these. Wonderful. All these wonderful sites, all this iconography. Star Wars Jason by the way, the first rebel basis of Mayan Temple. That's right. It's It's so evocative. It feels like. We have so many stories, kind of from both sides of that first contact between the between the cultures but they also. We also know so little about. What the culture was there's there's. An, there's not really a Rosetta stone and as we mentioned, that's our own fault. Our being European European colonizers right. The Spaniards burned everything. They didn't want us to know about the minds in the aspects and that's that's lack of confidence. If you really think you're brand of Iberian Catholicism is better than a civilization. You don't have to burn their cosies. No, you're. You'RE GONNA win the culture war on the marriage, bring their books, outlay him out for all to see this these dummies with their Jaguar God you don't want that. Do you who wants a Jaguar God everybody's like kind of want Jaguar is actually that seems kind of better than this other thing. Yeah. So it's so I feel like the omnibus needs to spend a little bit of time. Dealing with. And if we're talking about stuff that went down the memory hole, I, mean the Nasdaq empires obviously. The the giant tantalizing temples are still there in the jungle, but we don't know anything about the people who lived there on the thing about the omnibus right we're trying to get things through the aperture of the next apocalypse, but the Aztec death whistle has already gone through an aperture of a past apocalypse. We need to make sure we need to give it a boost to get it through the next hold. You say it's would you say it's more important to w something like that as opposed to you know seventies. Kellogg's breakfast mascot or whatever were worried about losing well, because time is a flat circle I imagined that future llings are going to make very little distinction. The. Nasdaq death whistle right? It's like Oh that all happened back in they won't even remember they'll get confused. Oh Yeah. Plow Walk The rain. God. That's. Let's from forty pebbles. The guy he was the guy from NEWCO. Mean in the same way that we compress three thousand years of Egyptian history ended just sort of like it was just sort of chip. Tsiana we do it for like the early twentieth century. Honestly any anything before you were born is like Oh yeah, that was just all one big time. Sure. The the the flappers there during World War Campers and Beatles you know all that stuff. When you talk about Aztec whistles making it through the memory hole they have in our time, but just barely there a case of a comeback like a What would it be in terms of? Biology it'd be like a Lazarus tax on Oh Lazarus tax slipping that's thought to be extinct and then comes back on the scene. This is the power of the Internet is that stuff can be resurrected and become such a craze that Pablo's daughter will be three D. printing it even though it had been forgotten and sitting industy. Houses for centuries. So so you mean this is like discovering a clam that everyone thought had been extinct for ten million years or is this a thing where someone was going through a? Government warehouse and found the Ark of the Covenant I. Guess It's more like dusty government warehouse because the archaeologists had been duly collecting just thousands of. Era. Phones. Wind instruments basically from Mesoamerican people from this Texan minds. Yeah. They're they're all very. There some of them are flute like they have some have finger holes like a flutter carina some even have a fifth wheel. You ever like to put your lips on a full. Well I don't know I've never. Naughty boy. Do you like what do you notice simple is wasn't Mr fill the one that kept squeezing the Sharman. whipple. What Bowl official is the thing on A. On a wind instrument like a recorder or one of those Tin flutes that's kind of transverse like it's A. MOUTHPIECE ZONTA MOUTHPIECE? Yeah So the Term I'm a renowned Florida you always you always played the rock flute in a lot of your. Work Right. But I guess not the recorder of more of purist weight is there any is there?.

Pablo Fred Meyer Mayan Temple Kellogg Sharman. whipple Beatles Florida official NEWCO
How To Teach History

Layers of Learning Podcast

06:21 min | 1 year ago

How To Teach History

"So, what what do you do with history? What's your basic? Approach, while I will say this, you're the one who taught me how to teach history in my early homeschooling years so I do it very much the way that you Michelle For sure we've always taught history in order when I was in school I was always confused about when things were happening and how things were related to each other. When I learned about historical figure, it wasn't in context of where they were or when they lived and I never knew how things connected I I remember in fifth grade we did this project about the Aztecs and. Each like our teachers split us into groups and each group was doing a different hands on project by the Aztecs and it was a great project. I remember vividly how the Aztecs built their village or town right on top of the lake and that that's what my project was about and I remember that but I also remember having no idea when the Aztecs happened in history, I had no concept of win. That was I thought they were very, very ancient people that was my impression. And that turns out not to be true they actually were. More. In the colonial era, they were much more modern. Yeah I think that was the problem with my early education history is it just lacked connections I didn't understand what history could teach me because I didn't have any contextual basis for the people, the places, the events, I didn't have a complete picture in my mind. So that's been one of my goals with my kids is to help them see the big picture of history and to be able to. Know when and where things happened. So, let's back up and just start with when we say history exactly. What do we mean? First of all history starts with the earliest civilizations and I think that's something that. People. Get confused about because we know that there were caveman and. There's this whole Earth history that happens before the subject of history, but the academic subject of history starts with the earliest civilizations. Well. And that's not because the people who came before weren't important. It's because the people who came before didn't write down their stories in any way we don't have an archeological record of them not much and we don't have. Any records at all of them, they didn't build cities that we can go back and excavate. The academic subject of history is just the story of human civilization. That's what is. I often tell my kids. This is why it's so important for you to write down your stories because anyone who didn't have a record of their people or their lives or anything that happened. That kind of. With time and so history we're looking at, Hey, let's look at the story of the people who have lived on the earth and it's totally find teach about cavemen but there's not a lot of actual information that we know when we don't have any written records. So so layers of learning starts with the earliest civilisation. Yeah. We start with Sumer and the Yellow River valley in China and the Norte Chico People in South America. That's that's the beginning of the subject of history and we're looking at how did people create the first civilizations as they began to settle down and be able to live in a place. How did that happen? What contributed to them being able to do that and so yeah, we always start there in history and then as we go along, it includes the story of human beings, nations, cities, especially the great figures in history the heroes, the even the villains civilians to definitely but we learn about those people who somehow contributed and made a difference in the world whether good or bad. And I think we look at those things because it teaches us lessons for now. It's important to look back so that we can be educated for our lives now. Right right now, we are living at a point in history. We're making history were part of that whole subject, and if we study history, we can study all of the things that led up to. Now we can see this progression and some of its progress, and some of it is regression. We human societies tend to go through these cycles and there's Warren Destruction, and there's also building in great art and looking at all of this together is the subject of history I think that's one of the really interesting things that I have noticed as I've taught my kids history. I think a lot of people believe that we started with almost nothing in the history of the world, and then we little by little built up to this point that we have the Internet and technology and invention, and actually if you look back in history, my kids were amazed when we were studying ancient Greece and ancient Rome and they were saying if they just had the internet, they probably had pretty much what we have today. Mom they were a pre industrial society they had factories so anciently. They were very much like we are, and then it collapsed. Yeah. Followed Rome even before the Roman Empire the Mojo Daro people in India where at the same level that Rome was, but you know thousand years earlier. So it has happened over and over through history. So it's really interesting. One of the things that we learned from that is hey. Next year tomorrow who knows we could be reverting back in the exact same way that they did we are not immune in any way. And it hasn't just progressed and progressed and progressed. It has gone through cycles of change over time, and so there are lessons all along the way if we learn history in that Lens. and. Partly for that reason, Karen that that we can see progression and we can see cycles partly for that reason, we study history in order, and partly for the reason, we already talked about that it's important to have context you need to understand. Things that are going on at the same time in history you need to understand that this person came before that person that this war led to this event. Those progressions are important in history. So to teach it in order, I think vital.

Aztecs Rome Yellow River Valley Karen South America Greece Norte Chico India China
Why Is Carmine, a Dye Made from Bugs, So Popular?

BrainStuff

04:41 min | 1 year ago

Why Is Carmine, a Dye Made from Bugs, So Popular?

"Red Velvet cake and strawberry ice cream aren't only in the. They'll satisfy your sweet tooth. They likely share common ingredient made from a not so common source that gives them their red to pink Hue. That's Carmen a natural Red Dye, also labelled as cockatiel extract, e, One, twenty or natural, red dye four, and it owes its beauty to a teeny tiny bug, the female coach Neil Bug to be precise. In addition to its possible gross out factor, this tasteless FDA approved extract has a history full of. and. Intrigue a Betsy Ross even used this bright red dye to make red stripes on the very first American flag. The Koch Neil is a slate bug that feeds on prickly pear. Plants grown throughout Mexico South America southwestern United States, and the Canary Islands off the coast of Spain. The male Cockatiel plays its own unique role in nature, but it's the wingless legless female that interests dye makers. If you go looking for her, you won't find her vibrant red bounty on display. The female Koch Neal's grey exterior is covered in a white powder that protects her from predators as well as the scorching sun. And since the juice from CACTI her only source of nutrition, she boroughs in his. A bit stubborn about releasing her hold. In order to harvest the Koch Neil, the prickly pear pads are cut and brought to factories so that the bugs can be pulled out and processed, but it takes some serious people power. Approximately seventy thousand continentals are needed to create just one pound of die. That's a little less than half a kilo. Once harvested bugs are dried ground and mixed alcohol, solution or other compounds like borax. They give way to a vibrant long-lasting die that can be used to make colors from scarlet purple to pink to Peach. have been used to color everything from textiles to pottery, since the Neolithic period or New Stone Age with the majority, sourced from vegetables, plants and trees. Bugs have had their place to not only the Koch. Neil, another elusive die associated with wealth enroll status. Tyrian purple was made from the glands of snails. Neil bug is native to Mesoamerica. The AZTECS are believed to be the first to use Carmen to fill their lives with stunning shades of Crimson, when Spanish colonizers arrived in the Americas learned about Carmen and built enormous wealth by monopolizing the cockatiel market Spain kept the source of the color secret, and even made export the die a legal punishable by death. Coveted by the wealthy. The Royal Family is in the artist's crossed Europe. This die created fertile ground for contention. Those cumbersome and secretive production methods certainly made Carmen expensive. The car itself was an explosive part of Carmen's mystery and popularity. We spoke with Amy Butler. Greenfield author of the perfect read via email. She said red is the color of blood fired that end desire, and we can't help it. Respond to it on many levels. It makes her eyes dilate, and our breath come faster, and it's freighted with symbolic meaning. Also there are very few natural dyes that make a lasting bright true read so good ones had the value of rarity. Ounce ounce. Kacha new is the most powerful natural red dye in the world. That's why it was prized. When industrialization arrived in the mid eighteen hundreds, the demand for textiles increased dramatically and created a need for more cost effective dies. Chemists began to use petroleum and coal to formulate synthetic ones ultimately reducing the need for the Cockatiel bug. The shift towards synthetics pushed Carmen to the background, but it didn't disappear, and now it's making a comeback. Showing up on ingredient lists for anything from cake POPs to lipstick. Greenfield said when reports started linking synthetic grads to cancer and hyperactivity, and as people started taking an interest in natural foods in general, the market for catch. Neil began to rebound. So if Carmen is a natural product without the negative long-term effects of why did the coffee giant starbucks along with numerous other companies? Stop using it to add colour to their products. Well Carmen is safe for the majority of people can cause an allergic reaction, and besides that safety concern folks like Vegetarians vegans and people who keep kosher helped advocate for the change, but no matter whether you find eating a bug, appalling, fascinating or dangerous for such a tiny insect. The Koch Neil Bug has certainly left a vivid mark on culture, beating attractions, the beauty and power of red.

Koch Neil Carmen Neil Bug Greenfield Koch Neal Koch Betsy Ross Starbucks Allergic South America Spain Europe Canary Islands United States Amy Butler Mexico Americas
"aztec" Discussed on Epicenter

Epicenter

01:36 min | 1 year ago

"aztec" Discussed on Epicenter

"Welcome to epicenter. My name is Joe Their gaster Tom. Pocock and Zach Williamson respectively there are CEO and CTO of Aztec Protocol as is a platform that enables private token transactions on a theory. So at its core. It's a smart contract. It's also known as the Aztec cryptography engine and here's roughly how it works. So when a user wants to make a private transaction they deposit funds into the contract. Let's say one hundred die. And then the system issues as zero knowledge note which corresponds to this diet as a holder of this note you can split it up into smaller amounts. You can send it to whomever you like. And then they would redeem that no for the corresponding amount in die so this is one basic example. Aztec enables a number of use cases and we go into that during the interview. The way asked take spilt. It requires that every participant in a transaction is using a wall that has integrated the protocol. So they built a nasty K- allow developers to do just that and build Aztec into their own wallets so they actually participated in the trusted setup. Ignition process which took place last year. And so she and I did this interview together. So here's what you'll learn in this conversation. Tom Zach met and founded. Ask Brokaw what it is and what problems it solves. How Aztec works in practice and under the hood? The challenges of making defy systems like maker Dow fully private. How era see. Twenty Tokens could be issued as private tokens on chain the ASHTEC trust and.

CEO and CTO of Aztec Protocol Tom Zach Zach Williamson Joe Their Pocock Brokaw Dow ASHTEC
"aztec" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM

WNYC 93.9 FM

02:02 min | 1 year ago

"aztec" Discussed on WNYC 93.9 FM

"From NPR and WNYC coming to you from the Aztec theatre in San Antonio Texas word games and trivia I'm just now here's your host we have an amazing show for you we have for brilliant contestants they are backstage they just told me that the Alamo is not where I return my rental car and they will be up here playing some grains with us and one of them will become our big winner and I got to say that we are here to mess with Texas we missing which we're gonna miss it all up I was actually surprised to hear it like I think it's kind of a tough guy macho slogan don't mess with Texas but it's from an anti littering campaign all this week's does the banister down the street with that tattooed on his bicep no that does he know that he doesn't know that are you sick of talking about the Alamo are you sick of it no you're okay some people yeah some people now I get it we all remember the Alamo but here's my question if you forget what security questions you get asked where did you spend new year's eighteen forty five what's your favorite Mexican generals maiden name who's Davy Crockett's best friends also director of the San Antonio river walk very nice beautiful our river walking was like a Jesus only event turns out also drunk guy's name Tyler and our special guest is singer songwriter Robert Earl keen.

NPR Aztec theatre Texas Davy Crockett director San Antonio river Tyler Robert Earl San Antonio Texas
Utah St tops No. 5 San Diego State for Mountain West title

AP News Radio

00:28 sec | 1 year ago

Utah St tops No. 5 San Diego State for Mountain West title

"Malachi Flynn's half court heave at the buzzer rimmed out stealing Utah state fifty nine fifty six mountain west conference tournament final win over fifth ranked San Diego state Utah state trailed by as many as sixteen but took the lead for good when Sam Meryl drained a three pointer with two point six seconds left to play Meryl connected on six three pointers and led all scorers with twenty seven points Flynn sixteen points led San Diego state but the Aztecs shot just thirty four percent and drop to thirty in two on the season Adam Spillane Las Vegas

Malachi Flynn Sam Meryl Aztecs Las Vegas Utah San Diego Adam Spillane
No. 5 San Diego State advances to MWC title game

AP News Radio

00:41 sec | 1 year ago

No. 5 San Diego State advances to MWC title game

"Fifth ranked San Diego state is headed to the mountain west conference tournament championship game after overcoming a sixteen point deficit to beat Boise state eighty one sixty eight after getting hit with a sixteen run midway through the first half the Aztecs went into the locker room on a nineteen three burst C. indigo state head coach Brian Dutcher says his team never wavered with great resolve they didn't panic they just fought their way back into it tied at halftime and then it was a very competitive second half Malachi Flynn led city a state with twenty two points while Katie Fagan made five three pointers and scored twenty one Alex Hobbs scored twenty one points off the bench for Boise state but the Broncos shot just twenty three percent after halftime Adam splaine Las Vegas

Aztecs Brian Dutcher Malachi Flynn Katie Fagan Alex Hobbs Broncos Las Vegas San Diego Boise
Mike Conley scores 25 points, Jazz beat Celtics 99-94

AP News Radio

00:33 sec | 1 year ago

Mike Conley scores 25 points, Jazz beat Celtics 99-94

"Fifth Mike Conley ranked San helped Diego guide state the jazz is headed past to the the mountain short handed west Celtics conference tournament ninety nine championship to ninety four game giving after Utah overcoming its fourth a sixteen straight point win deficit Conley to beat scored Boise twenty state five eighty for one his sixty third highest eight point total after during getting hit his with debut a sixteen season run with the jazz midway through the first Jordan half Clarkson added the Aztecs seventeen went into as the locker Utah leapfrog room on a nineteen Houston into three the four burst spot in the west C. indigo state the jazz head coach trail Brian twenty Dutcher six says seventeen his team early never but ended wavered the first with great half resolve on a forty they six twenty two search and led didn't by as panic many as they sixteen just fought their in way the second back into it Marcus tied smart's at halftime twenty nine and led then all scorers it was in a very the Celtics competitive third second loss half in four Malachi games Flynn led Boston's city a Jaylen state brown with twenty and two Gordon points Hayward while wrist Katie sidelined Fagan with injuries made five three pointers Geffen cooled and scored off twenty Boston one Alex Hobbs scored twenty one points off the bench for Boise state but the Broncos shot just twenty three percent after halftime Adam splaine Las Vegas

Fagan Boise Gordon Jaylen Malachi Brian Jordan Diego Las Vegas Broncos Alex Hobbs Geffen Mike Conley Katie Hayward Boston Flynn Marcus Dutcher
Flynn, No. 5 San Diego State rally to beat Rams 66-60

AP News Radio

00:29 sec | 1 year ago

Flynn, No. 5 San Diego State rally to beat Rams 66-60

"Malachi Flynn scored fifteen of his seventeen points in the second half as number five San Diego state rallied from a seven point deficit to beat Colorado state sixty six sixty the Aztecs were able to bounce back from their only loss of the season going on a thirteen run over a five minute span in the second half to seize control of the game Matt Mitchell added fifteen points and Jordan shackle added eleven for the Aztecs who started out flat for a second consecutive game Niko Kovac show scored seventeen points and Isaiah Stevens added twelve in the loss for the rams Philip gone San Diego

Malachi Flynn Aztecs Matt Mitchell Jordan Niko Kovac Isaiah Stevens Philip San Diego Colorado
Decentralization Philosophy - Does Crypto Still Need Catalysts?

Let's Talk Bitcoin!

11:01 min | 1 year ago

Decentralization Philosophy - Does Crypto Still Need Catalysts?

"Less on the show. We were talking about the example of the Spanish conquistadors. Who were going into central and South America and they were conquering various tribes. And we talked about the difference between what happened. When they encountered the Aztecs the inkens who were quite centralized in their form of society and how it was organized and the Apaches who were actually quite decentralized and then how that changed with the introduction of gifts from the US government that introduced more hierarchy into the Apache society. Jonathan do you want to recap that because I know you were excited about talking about this? Yeah I'm always fascinated to try to understand where the compromises are at a consensus and community level from proof of work in proof of stake and when we were talking about the Apache and how their culture actually was what changed and what led to them losing their anti fragility specifically through the idea of giving a respected person. Money that they then can dole out then. Passively centralizing them through that. It's sort of reminded me a lot of the federal treasury model that's sort of emblematic of a lot of proof of stake chains and I was just thinking what the rest of the podcast thoughts would be on proof of stake. And maybe it's a lot more like you know the inkens than the Apache and that's not a bad thing. I just thought it was an interesting analogy. What do you mean by Federated Treasury in a proof steak model? Could you elaborate on that a bit? Jonathan? So you have a protocol. Such as dash or use where they have blocked producers or witnesses the thing about all the proof of stake blockchain's as they call the exact same thing different things all of their systems and the block rewards are from the people who are staking who are the witnesses or blocked producers in that environment and typically they will have a percentage of the block reward. Go not just to the ferrets who are maintaining concensus but will actually have a grant proposal system to be able to actually vote on paying out to developers or to community related activities or to bug fixes. So it's a pretty cool model and it's one that is interesting. Especially WITH DASH IN. That dash very seriously took the idea of being a decentralised application and so when they were thinking of a foundation they ate their own dog food into procedural foundation into the protocol rather than creating a legal entity and then just giving it twelve percent of the protocol the Protocol Treasury like model theory took so there are pros and cons to every sort of decision and a most fascinated to think through. What are problems that we don't yet know are real problems because it hasn't actually been around long enough for to manifest in a materially bad way and so thinking about this treasury model and the way that the Apaches were so anti-fraud for as long as they were until the system was imposed on them. It's just interesting to hear what you guys think is the long term viability of that type of model in a consensus environment for its long-term ability to not become centralized the historical example that we were talking about on the last show was the patchy. Were a tribe where there really was no central leader. There were just kind of respected people in the community so the Apache didn't really have any centralized leadership in their governance structure. There were basically just respected people within the community that were listened to by others and if they said something that was kind of they were not listened to as much and they could fall out of favor and other people could rise up and become respected. And so in this way. This made them really decentralized organization. Where if you took out one so-called leader that was fine because basically like a starfish grows back and arm they could kind of replace it and you can even take out several of the leaders and it would still not matter to their system. It wasn't going to take the whole system crumbling down if you whacked someone over the head and the analogy of course is the starfish and the spider. If you cut off one of the arms of starfish it can grow it back. It might even grow too. You can cut off multiple points of starfish and the starfish will still live and maybe even end up with two but in a spider. If you act on the head it's GonNa go splat and the whole thing comes crumbling down and we were talking about how this happened in Bitcoin. To Gavin Andriessen. Who was very respected? Member of the community said some stuff that people didn't believe and then kind of fell out of favor and was listened to a lot less than he used to be so this was Kinda like analogous to the Apache community elders who were interchangeable based on whether people believed them and gave them the credibility crypto. Twitter really operates a bit like that. I mean there are no leaders. Although certain people tried to be leaders in the crypto traders space especially bitcoin and as a result the favorability of various personalities on Crypto twitter rises and falls by what they say and is not in any way fixed and so that system makes it. Much more robust. It's very difficult to hijack community absolutely but the US government was doing an interesting little experiment. I don't know if they really plan. This are coordinated it but somehow it worked where they were able to centralize the Apache society by gifting cattle to the tribal elders. And then letting. Those people distribute the cattle within the community so you can see that this gives them now a source of power and there could be bickering and fighting that comes about as a result of how these cattle are distributed. So imagine if you gave pomp or Cobra on crypto twitter with free Bitcoin so that they could choose who they give it out to. Suddenly somebody has a lot more power. And there's an incentive to fight about that we you guys think well. I think it's not just that they have the ability to out resources but then infrastructure and social dynamics around the fact that that person has money gets created. And then once that person leaves though shelling points in those structures and those dynamics are there and it's easier to just put another person there than it is to just remove all of those structures that were built around the fact. That person was there right so basically a pyramid grows. And there's a spot at the top of the Pyramids and even if you take out the person who's at the spot they're still spot there that if somebody else steps into that spot still occupy that position in the hierarchy so you've changed the structure and it's not just about the person who's at the peak of that structure it's about the imposition of that structure itself. Well on crypto twitter. You could say the same thing applies with the accumulation of followers because that follows a power law distribution meaning that people who have a lot of followers gained a lot of followers. And the more you have the more you gain on a daily basis and as a result that concentration causes concentration but the difference. Is that if the person who has all of those followers leaves or stops speaking someone else can step into that space and essentially inherit the structure of all of those followers. So that's one key unfunded mental difference that keeps it less susceptible to that takeover right. So how do we tie this back to the example of the Jonathan brought up of proof of stake systems that are distributing rewards too early people and then they have a lot of power in the proof of stake system of that coin to correct myself for a moment? There are some proof of work systems like Z. Cash which famously has a block reward allocation scheme for developer grants as well and a very controversial proposal now to introduce this exact scheme to bitcoin. Cash this controversial proposal to be hard for can march or actually maybe it's a soft work but basically if it is a software it's a course off fork where the miners will purposely orphan. Any blocks that don't include. I believe it's a twelve percent grant to a Hong Kong legal entity that access foundation to dole out grants. This is exactly that in a proof of work system in bitcoin right. The question is always who gets to decide where these resources go. And how does that impact the system? Is it a centralising effect? I think you could make the argument. That yes and of course. This is what the starfish and the spider is pointing out. It's absolutely centralizing effects. And that's even demonstrated by the way that these schemes or mechanisms for grants are designed in the first place. Sometimes it's developers exerting their power through the code to create grants for developers. That's effectively what happens with a theorem other times. It's minors enriching themselves or creating these kinds of grants through the mining mechanism and Vitelic. Return has made the arguments. Why should it be miners and not developers? Why shouldn't developers generate glance and do that in either case though it certainly has a centralizing influence? Can we look at this happening on? Maybe a Meta level as well with different CRYPTO currency communities so for example people support crypto currencies and the communities that. Go behind them when they believe in the ideas and when they believe that it's a successful technology that's going to continue into the future unless they're scammers right and they're pumping it but most of the time they're behind it because they believe it's going to succeed in the long run and so- crypto currencies like that have public support and trust could become the tribal elders of crypto currencies themselves and they can be replaceable and they can change and they can fluctuate over time right which creates the other interesting things that released while Johnson said which is once you have such a leadership position for example once you have a crypto currency that has acquired over time the essential elements of reserve currency in the CRYPTO. Space has behaved as or fills the role and utility of a reserve currency. If that currency was to fail a get out of the way all of structure and shelling points that have concentrated that function of reserve currency remain. And what will happen is the any exchanges or users merchants instead are who need some kind of reserve currency taxes the main liquidity mechanism in the CRYPTO space will simply replace it with something that is equivalent tour feels equivalent

Twitter Apache Society United States Jonathan South America Protocol Treasury Federated Treasury Treasury Hong Kong Gavin Andriessen Johnson Developer
Haunted Places Rewind: Island of the Dolls

Haunted Places

04:30 min | 1 year ago

Haunted Places Rewind: Island of the Dolls

"The grandmother told us to stay away. We snuck down to the canal again. It's our favorite place to play. I like to tease the little fish. That swim in the Muddy Shallows. Adela likes to weave reads to make a crown and pretend that she's a princess. Sometimes we wrote to the island. Adela always stares down into the water like she's looking for something. Grandmother does not like the river. It's curse. She says evil then she scolds me for leading my little sister. Danger Grandmother tells stories. While we make tortillas sometimes she talks about her ancestors who built a huge city on lake hundreds of years ago other times she tries to frighten us with sales of spirits who live in the water. These stories don't scare me. They aren't true that Adela believes every single word. She likes grandmother's stories about mermaids. The best grim says that sometimes the mermaids choose a special person someone with the blood of the ancient Aztecs to join them. Adele asks if we have Aztec blood running through our veins but grandmother does not answer she hugs us makes us promise to never go near the river at night sometimes available sit on the shore and stare out at the water. What I asked her what she's doing. She says that she's listening. She can hear our ancestors whispering in the wind. It's a secret. She makes me promise not to. Tell Grandmother. I listen. I hear nothing odd little sister. Yesterday Papa came home from the city. He worked there and we had not seen him in a long time. He brought presence. I got a soccer ball. Adela got a doll named it Sierra after mermaids she loans a dylan is skipped rocks across the water is. She's getting better but she's not as good as me. I got a rock skip seven times before it sank but delic claim to see something big in the deep water. But I didn't see anything. We ran home in time for dinner when we went to bed. Adela couldn't find sid ENA somewhere on the way home. She had lost her Adela started to cry. She thought that pop it was going to be angry. I hugged her promising that we would sneak out early in the morning to go look for her dog. It was still dark when we tiptoed out of the house. We walked along the shore with a torch looking for sitting. I thought I saw something floating in the middle of the river but it was hard to tell as we rode out to see what it was a Dallas said. She heard singing. She asked me if I heard it but I didn't the ruble scraped against something. I cursed words. That grandmother watches my mouth for. I thought we had hit a sandbar. Tried to roll my or but it was stuck in the mud. Adela leaned over the edge of the boat staring down into the water. I looked down a big black shadow. Swim next to us. Something grabbed my own. It yanked but I wouldn't let go. I yelled for help me. What she didn't move. She was still staring down into the water. I yelled at her again. She got to her feet. Suddenly I could hear it to the to singing. The Distance Adela had a strange look in her eyes. She said she was a princess. And the MERMAIDS here for before I could stop her. She jumped straight into the river. I screamed but Adela disappeared into the blackwater with hardly

Adela Mermaids Muddy Shallows Adele Sid Ena Soccer Papa Dallas Dylan
UNLV hands No. 4 San Diego State its first loss, 66-63

AP News Radio

00:43 sec | 1 year ago

UNLV hands No. 4 San Diego State its first loss, 66-63

"A poor first half was too much to overcome as number four San Diego state suffered its first loss of the season falling to U. N. L. V. sixty six sixty three yes just came out flat from the start shooting just thirty three percent and two of twelve on three point attempts as the rebels opened up a twelve point lead at the half as tech's head coach Brian Dutcher expresses his disappointment in not getting the perfect season well we tasted defeat for the first time it doesn't taste very good were vastly disappointed we wanted a perfect season but it didn't happen and that's college basketball you if he was led by Alisa Mitri longs nineteen points Amari hardy seventeen points and Bryce Hamilton's double double of eleven points and ten rebounds Malachi Flynn led all scorers with twenty four points for the Aztecs Tino losing costs Philip gone San Diego

Brian Dutcher Basketball Alisa Mitri Bryce Hamilton Malachi Flynn Philip San Diego U. N. L. Amari Hardy
The Chocolate Lovers' Guide to Trader Joe's

Inside Trader Joe's

08:14 min | 1 year ago

The Chocolate Lovers' Guide to Trader Joe's

"When we think about chocolate we really have to go back to plant. This is about Theobroma Theobroma Cacao so this kind of chocolate tree it grows in this tight band around planet around at Equatorial Band. Give or take twenty degrees north or South chocolate trees produce pods and those pods are like a big fruit and they can be strikingly beautiful. And those pods are harvested. They have to be harvested by hand and very carefully probably was something like a machete. There opened up. And what we're after are the seeds the seeds inside the pod are removed and they're fermented and that fermentation starts to affect some changes on those seeds feeds. Then the seeds are basically hauled. There's like a hard outer shell and inside is a colonel and those colonels turn into Nibs and and those nibs are then roasted the roasting then sort of toast them cooks them and really brings out a bunch of interesting flavors that material those roasted nibs are then maybe further ground or broken up and that mashing squeezes out cocoa solids and cocoa butter and that combination cocoa butter cocoa solids creates chocolate liquor. It's not alcoholic. It's booze in any way. It's just the word because it's more liquid. Although I think of it really as a paste cooked in a process known as conquering and then you can add to it. Sugar sugar or dairy to make milk chocolate or other flavors and the idea of using chocolate as a food or beverage it goes back. Thousands of years years people have found pottery from the OLMEC civilization shards of pottery with traces of Macau that are thousands of years old and and this practice translates and moves into Mayan and Aztec cultures Spanish conquerors conquistadors. Find this bring this back to Europe back to Spain and when the Spaniards brought it back the Aphrodisiac powers attributed to this CA- cow drink. Those monks had the lock up the recipe. Otherwise chaos ensued. Thank you Matt Right now. I'd like to switch gears a little bit and find out a little bit more about the chocolate that our customers might be able well defined say like now I have not breathed okay. We should've on so one might think think everything that's possible to do with chocolate has already been done wrong. That's Allison Allison. Is Our category manager for candy cookies and and cereal okay. Allison what is the reaction you get when you say to someone. My job is candy and cookies and cereal. Well I always think of it as like if you ask a kid what they wanna be when they grow up like I want to be in charge of candy and that's kind of what I do a careful what you wish for. It seems names that chocolates got to be top of mind for you guessed. The category is about seventy five percent chocolate because chocolate chocolate. It's a tricky business. This is stuff that is effectively starting off as a seed from a fruit. I think of it not too dissimilar from coffee L. A. Times. mcquaid it to wine where you have the grapes grown in different places. Cocoa beans are certainly a plant. They're taking in the terroirs of the environment around them. And and those have distinct flavors one big thing. Now is these single origin chocolates which are chocolates made from cocoa beans harvested from a specific area. And just that area area but when you start tasting this region as compared to that region it's astounding. How different this stuff can be? And it's all chocolate. Our customers are asking Vegan item missile or for instance we launched Almond Butter Cups. This past year on them. Butter was very popular in the grocery category. But we have been buttercup so why not almond butter cups that makes me think of a product that's still sort of in development but has been approved by the tasting panel that was milk chocolate but made with almond beverage as it. So it's an almond beverage based I milk chocolate as opposed to a dairy milk chocolate. But I wouldn't have known the difference if I hadn't been told I mean it just tasted like really good creamy milk chocolate and I feel like like our Vegan customers are going to absolutely flip for that particular bar new stuff new products things that you weren't expecting to find that's the treasure hunt of going into a trader Joe's. I WanNa see if I can name this product in to shake so. Can you give me a couple of shakes that to me. kind of sounds like sprinkled jangle. God that's so good it's kind of a springy take on the Jingle Jangle so it is pink and Yellow Drizzle Yogurt. That's all it is. Joe Joe Bark. which is my personal favorite item with Joe Joe Barca's so it's crushed up joe cookies with the cream and the coca cookies smashed in with a bunch of chocolate and rolled out into a bark and you know crumbled up? I'm glad you clarified. I thought it was like one of Rin Tin Tin side kick now Joe. Joe Burke INSERT DAD show it has butter toffee peanuts. It has dark and milk not dark and milk but both dark and milk peanut butter cups. It has spring parallels And it has Pastel candy bums. It's adorable and it's very severi chocolate. centric it it's a great mix of sweet and salty has some texture in there and those lovely spring collars so how how do you do this work though so if there are these different components you start thinking you started with an idea like this is a mix and then do you build bit by bit essay. Just say built bit by bit. I can't believe this is my life right. The suppliers sent me twenty five different items. That could be part of said mix and I put them out on a large table in the kitchen and I started popping them into a bowl to see what would go together. And I think that's where my culinary background helps with the textures and the balance of flavors and your this is what I came up with. Tell us about naming the product. When I was on my run I think about candy when I run my name is Alison Handy when Iran? So Jingle Jangle was on my mind I think we had just placed the orders or something and it hit me springall Django when you look at the springall Jangle it is mostly chocolate right. There's milk chocolate dark chocolate. If you had milk it's milk chocolate. You have to have at least twelve percent dairy for it to be milk. Chocolate white chocolate is actually none of those cocoa solids allege that cocoa powder. It's only the cocoa butter. It's funny because you know I guess. Technically speaking than white chocolate isn't really chock but it's just called Bat. Not because it doesn't have those chocolate solids cocoa solids and then Ruby chocolate sort of becomes this thing and the FDA is has taken a little bit of time and really even understanding how to name it or if it could be called. Ruby chocolate believe granted a temporary driver's license so it's got like a chocolate learner's permit. It's not dyed pink or colored ink just is because that's the color of those cocoa pods with the cocoa. Nibs that come out of them. We have a new chocolate bar. That sort of a similar color as the ruby chocolate but it is actually white chocolate with with raspberry and correct and and it looks like a flower. It should come out a few weeks before Valentine's Day and it's intended to last through mother's Day Eh. Alison thank you for coming in and talking to us about chocolate get ready. Yes start salivating. We're thinking early April that this one one comes out. Yeah the idea. I think it's more we're planning on mid to lady for mid to late April okay. I'm excited about this style

JOE Allison Allison Alison Handy Joe Joe Bark. Joe Joe Barca Theobroma Theobroma Cacao Jingle Jangle Joe Burke Equatorial Band Category Manager Europe Matt Right Macau Rin Tin Tin Spain CA FDA Iran
Wetzell, No. 7 SDSU beat Nevada 68-55 to remain undefeated

AP News Radio

00:28 sec | 1 year ago

Wetzell, No. 7 SDSU beat Nevada 68-55 to remain undefeated

"Yanni Wessel scored fifteen points and added sixteen rebounds leading the number seven San Diego state Aztecs to a sixty eight fifty five win over Nevada to remain the only unbeaten team in the nation after falling behind at halftime the Aztecs defense stepped up to limit the wall packed to just fourteen percent shooting in the second half and pulled away with a twenty to four run over a nine minute stretch what's all was one of four asked take scoring in double figures at San Diego State extended their winning streak to nineteen games Philip gone San Diego

Yanni Wessel Nevada Philip San Diego
San Diego State's Rocky Long steps down

Mike Slater

00:22 sec | 1 year ago

San Diego State's Rocky Long steps down

"Breaking news out of San Diego state whereas takes head coach rocky long as announced he's stepping down in handing the reins to former Aztecs coach Brady Hoke long has been head coach at SDSU since twenty eleven when hope left to become head coach of Michigan long who will be seventy at the end of the month is the second oldest head coach in division one football behind Ohio's Frank

Brady Hoke Sdsu Michigan Ohio San Diego Rocky Long
"aztec" Discussed on This Day in History Class

This Day in History Class

03:46 min | 1 year ago

"aztec" Discussed on This Day in History Class

"Homeadvisor APP to start your next project. This Day in history class is a production of iheartradio high again. Everyone its eaves and welcome to this this day in history class a show. We're history waits for no one. Today is December Seventeenth Twenty nineteen and the day was December seventeenth. Seventeen eighteen ninety Aztecs johnstone a circular stone marked by carvings of calendar signs. An image is related to the Aztec Creation. Myth was rediscovered discovered though it has been called a calendar stone archaeologists today believe that it was not used as an astronomical device or Sundial but rather as a ceremony ceremony container related to the Aztecs. Guide Tony You. The Aztecs Dunstan was probably carved sometime between fifteen o two and fifteen twenty during reign of motech assume on the second the center of the stone bears an image of what's thought to be the son got tuna to you though. Some scholars have proposed that. It's an image of of the god of the nightside or the Earth Monster. The central image appears inside a cliff that means movement and represents the fifth son or the present era that will end with the destruction of humankind. Tone issues hands appear as claws holding human hearts and his tongue is a stone knife the image of the Sun. God is framed by four boxes that contain symbols of the four previous signs or eras surrounding the central section is a rain. Depicting the signs lines that correspond to the twenty days of Ashtec. Solar calendar around. That ring is a second ring with representations of Sunrays and square sections each containing five dots. The outermost ring depicts to fire serpents and at the top of. That ring is a cliff that represents the date. Thirteen read which is said to correspond correspond with a year. Fourteen twenty seven and the beginning of the fifth son. The stone is about twelve feet or four meters in diameter and weighs more than twenty. I four short times. The stone may have been originally located in the ceremonial precinct obtain not line and placed horizontally near where human sacrifices they took place. After the Spanish conquest religious officials burried it underneath Izzo Colo- the Central Plaza of Mexico City workers who were leveling and remodeling the plaza dug up the stone on December. Seventeen seventeen ninety. It was examined by archaeologists then moved to a cathedral federal and later transferred to the monolith gallery of the Archaeological Museum. There have been many interpretations of the stones. Meaning scholars have said that it. May they have been used as a repository for human hearts or a base for the final sacrificial of a gladiatorial combat and soon after its rediscovery. Mexican can scholar Antonio Daily on Gama wrote a treatise on the stone and hired artist. Francisco Day Aguado to illustrate an image of the monument. Leon e Gama and other early scholars suggested at the stone was used as an astronomical timekeeping device scholars have also suggested that the stone was used to represent rulership death sacrifice and a success of Aztec armies. The stone is currently housed the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City. Uh I'm each tough coach and hopefully you know a little more about history today than you did. Yesterday give us a shout or share on social media at not the I H fi podcast or if you would prefer to.

Mexico City Leon e Gama Aztecs National Museum of Anthropolog Francisco Day Aguado Tony You Archaeological Museum Ashtec Antonio Daily
Tamales, a Gift from the Aztec Gods

BSP: Believer Skeptic Podcast

06:17 min | 1 year ago

Tamales, a Gift from the Aztec Gods

"The word. The malia comes from the Nullah or Tom Ali which literally translates to wrap food for those that don't remember O. W. R. APD are a PT DT on the edge of its seat is rat wrapped. Yeah Wer For those that don't remember Or just a reminder now what is the indigenous language of the Aztec people of Mexico so still spoken through Mexico in some small communities So yeah wrapped food. A date cannot be pinpointed but it is said that the first Domino's were made as early as seven thousand BC. Seven thousand. And I didn't even think food existed back then which means we as humans and as a site. I've been eating them for over nine thousand years while I wonder how much the recipes changed changed since well since Chris was born. Whatever all the they are not quite what we know today? Because in early days of the Malas corn was not fully domesticated masticated at that time so instead they used They would use something called. They'll seat which is an ancestor of corn. Okay with the corn they would make a cornflour that is made into dough that the would then be filled with anything meets honey corn and somehow the more I read even Flamingo which which is a me but still. It's a weird it's weird. That is not what I expected imagining on Flamingo Hunting. That would be weird. I just went too far off. We don't get to edit this either. The my lives in the pre Christian era had religious significance. And we're using a ceremony is being offered to the Gods at various festivals while those gods must have been happy for example the Msci Asia people offer the Jaguar. God being the Ellis shrimp ones were offered to the fire. They were to Aztec holidays in which were more prominent I there was Christmas. Optimal squall literally celebrate celebrate my broad of the corn. God Did you practice out. And then the other East Kylie in which they under the fire Gods during Tamales as a gesture of rebirth cool outside of religious ceremonies. The food was favored because they were easy to transport in times of war after the brutal invasion of Spain and conversion of millions of indigenous indigenous people to Christianity Melas made their way into Christian holidays. Tamales are also became more elaborate because the Spaniards brought with them. I'm checking pork raisins. And other foods with the which incorporated into the Raisin tamales imagined cutting tamale and just like a bunch of raisins poor others fruit route ones to which I don't prefer. I prefer savory once but yeah there's fruit ones. Oh my God okay. with the Spaniard did also allow the families to make their way to other countries south of Mexico ago for a bit in the early nineteen hundreds tamales decreased in popularity in Mexico because political leaders saw the food as peasant food. Oh really interesting. Although thankfully people were much smarter than that and brought back the tradition as an agent of national unity and Mexican identity call the malaise of course eventually crossed the border north as well in Los Angeles in the eighteen hundreds at one time there were parts all over the city. That were almost got banned Imagine the Pamela AH truck on every corner music. Tamale Cart plays Many white people thought of the car's dirty port and thus saw the food the same way awhile. Yeah of course that didn't last too long and into the early nineteen. Hundreds of food became widespread throughout the United States. Making Tamales is quite laborious. boreas easy to say the least actually did know that because our friend has made some last year and he was talking about how much of a pain they were. That's how I know. Often communities are families would would gather together what is call for what is called a tomato which they would get together to help each other and making tamales in Bulk Doc This is something I can attest to you as I remember going up in New Mexico and often seeing this in being a part of it as well. I don't know how to make your family. Make Them Oh yeah. My mom always used to make him. Yeah although less can and are in any time of the year. They are quite more prevalent during the winter holidays. No one really knows why. But but some say it is a tradition that takes after the as dick traditional honoring gods but instead at Christmas honoring saints and of course Jesus perhaps it is a comfort food that just makes us warm or for people like me. It's just in our blood. No one really knows for sure. One time Thought as a ceremonial food. A Food of worship than food of the poor they can now be in in many places across the world although you can buy them in a store nothing can't compare to the the the model is that come from the kitchen of your community or family They they are food that brings everyone together whether to make them eat them or just celebrate The mileage an important staple to Mexican to Mexicans both indigenous and non-indigenous alike AAC and of course many other countries and people. It's not just the food that is amazingly good but for that is steeped in tradition and culture and definitely something. I could never get sick of so this holiday go out. Purchase the from a street vendor. And for God's sakes please remove the husk before you eat. Oh my God. I've heard that accent white people it. Well there's the POMONA incident. I don't remember which President he did that. And it's called the Great Pamela in really well that would taste awful Awful wow was that interesting at least that was super interesting. I like that whenever you'd said hike. Eat them every day. Hey Hon because I Thai food every day so I really want some time. Ali's tamales tie stuffy. Could you imagine imagine or like maybe just like a curry or some kind of sauce on them. That would be so good. I like my pretty authentic. How did you stumped like? Did you know no like hey I want to do this on. Tamales stumbled across this story. And we're like I've always known that they've come while for one. Christmas is a big time for us. So that's where I kind of started. But they als also knew they came from the Aztec peoples. I really wanted to see what the traditional that is super

Mexico Tom Ali New Mexico Flamingo Hunting Domino Chris O. W. R. Apd Los Angeles Spain Msci Asia United States Jesus President Trump Nine Thousand Years
Searching For a Lost Maya City

Science Magazine Podcast

14:33 min | 2 years ago

Searching For a Lost Maya City

"We have contributing correspondent lizzie wade and she went on a hunt for a lost city high lizzy hazara. Can you talk a little bit about your journey of course so we met up in a city called kami thanh in campus and then we drove about seven hours to part of the mexican guatemala border order. That's a little corner that we were staying at this eco lodge. We had guides from that eco lodge who took us into the reserve montessori so we went up i in a motorboat for a few hours when we set up a base camp but basically from there we were kayaking and hiking in the jungle and it was extraordinarily difficult. If there is no trails carved the guides would michetti through through the jungle but everything has fines. Everything is so different from each other. There's so much information and all the plants are so yeah heterogeneous and there's just like so much stuff around you that it's hard to even interpret individual things who is very easy to grab onto a tree that was covered in spines and not really even realize until your hand was also covered in spines they had to cut every out of the way every step i've been in some pretty remote places before but never a place where humans really hadn't been for for decades or potentially centuries and that was very very hard and it felt like the environment was just pushing us pushing pushing us out you know and making it impossible in the rivers were also completely covered in in brush and had to be the machete from the kayaks and late. It was really intense okay. Should i spoil it. Say whether or not you found missing city yeah i mean i think it's hard to talk about it. If we don't say what happened yes so spoilers. You did not find a long last jedi. Wha- what were you looking for. I went to chapas mexico wisdom archaeologist gal just who were looking for a city called sock belong which was the capital of the condone my there's two groups named <unk> condone one one exists today and one is pre columbian maya group when we were looking for this previous maya groups last capital sok-bom means the white jaguar and the lacandon built it basically to hide from spanish invaders which say successfully did for over over two hundred years. Wow what what's the timeline here and i guess i should ask. What century are we him. Yes so the spanish i come to mexico coach central mexico in the early fifteen twenties so to not mind which is now mexico city the aztec capital falls in fifteen twenty one and that's a pretty straightforward holmquest story aztecs were an empire the spanish also empire or wanted to be so they over that all that outland but when you get to the maya world. It's really really different because there's not really a centralized control. Every city is independent of each other and they're all in this elaborate web of allies and enemies. This finished can't come in conquer one city like <unk> or whatever and then everything passes is to them. They have to do it one at a time getting back to this missing city sock belong the lack unknown live there but they didn't always live there. They actually remove their city to this harder define location yeah though i condone lived on this island in lake miramar which is also a a were attacked by the spanish at least once. Maybe a couple of times. I can't quite remember and they had held out but they knew they weren't going to be able to do that forever. So preemptively the late fifteen hundreds they pack up move really deep into the jungle and built this other city called soccer mom but eventually cycle was taken by <hes> the spanish. Can you talk about how that happened by this point. It's the sixteen ninety s the english colonies in the u._s. Are firmly established at this point. I think harvard university has has been founded. This is very much the world we live in now most of the quote unquote conquest that are going on right now are not huge military invasions asians. It's more proselytizing so these two priests are like we have to convert the people of south <unk> devoted to the idea they hire these local maya ed guides who lead them around in circles for five months without them realizing it because the local mayor are so scared of sock belong like the people insect belong have been rating other my <hes> months and months go by of them just like walking around in circles and then finally they realized some things going on and they hired the leader of another local niagara and we don't really know what his motivation was but if you think of the condone being scary and potentially having attacked this town. This guy may have been like whatever ver- enough with this he takes a spanish. They're it's mostly diplomatic. They're not immediately killed. As previous spanish visitors were they convince serve a retinue of the lacombe leaders to come with them to sit in guatemala for more diplomacy basically but on the way they are on the way back almost all <unk> die get sick and die and it sort of clap says and there's not like a big battle this vantage descend on this town of a couple left one hundred thousand of their soldiers and their allied mike holders cycle. I'm gives really easily at that point and then it is is a spanish town for another fifteen twenty years and then everyone is relocated to closer to the pacific coast of water malla which was part of the the spanish colonial policy of it's called reducing might communities so murray by out of where they've always lived in make them live in his new communities where they easier easier control was surprises me then after all of those events is that the location of sack llamas not known yeah. No it surprised me too because it is done some spanish maps. I mean these are like seventeen hundred maps or not satellite abs- you know it was connected to the spanish world for a while but only only for pretty short time so they didn't really have a huge investment in the place when they move people out the jungle stays the jungle like there's not a huge amount of clear cutting so today the location of sucked plum is within this national park in mexico monsoon ways and it's considered an extremely extremely remote part of mexico. There are no trails no roads. Nobody's allowed to live there while you went with a group of archaeologists to try and visit this lost city what what made them think that they could find it and be what would they get out of finding it despite them existing for overlapping with the spanish colonial state for a couple of centuries. There's really no information about what it was like to live in sok-bom or any of the other independent my capitals that existed existed around this time sochua wasn't the only one was but it was the second to last two to be conquered. They wanna know who they were trading with. How connected they were to the outside world. How not connected they were headed they do this. How did they live in such isolation for so long so the reason they thought they could find it is or the method breath <unk>. They used was looking at the spanish documents from the time. After sokolow had been conquered. 'em spanish visitors would go and then they would go other places they would record their roots and how long it took them to travel to different landmarks lakes or rivers or another town's so you can construct a possible zabul arc of locations of the city and basically we were trying to get as close to that as possible so you have your starting point and then they ceo we traveled for seven days you know about how far they went in a circle exactly he's going to be on size herbal and not the other like you can make some inferences and they didn't record it in kilometers or anything that ban measure of distance we would use so you'd have to estimate how far they could walk in a day and it's quite fuzzy but it's a starting point you do have a description of what the spanish a how described cycle on when they arrived yeah it is about a hundred houses which primative adobe so they will not have survived until now there were three community buildings not quite temples but like city halls and those would have had stone foundations and that's what the archaeologists are interested in finding the region today is known for scarlet macaws the sort of iconic red parrots and apparently condone had semi domesticated them in every day at five p._m. They would fly out of the forest land on all the houses and the spanish. I thought that was amazing and so do i do feel like you were able to keep the same pace as the people who had traveled to suck palumbo for you know when you're looking at a previous trips yeah. It's hard to say i mean we weren't hearing oliver stuff. They would have been like did set up base camps. They probably would have been wearing stuff that was really tough to walk around and you know like lots of wool and potentially metal. This is not easy for them either. That was one of the major her things. I was thinking about in the jungle. I don't really care about the spanish confuses blake we i think we pay far too much attention to their experience in history because they're the ones who who got to write it but i was really taken aback by how similar are experience would have been there because of course a lot. Condone knew what they were doing and like we it ends so we we have we were much more similar to the spanish and i felt like if you have a city a few hundred people hiding out in the jungle against a globalizing belies ing empire like it's only a matter of time until they will be found and incorporated into that empire came away thinking that that really wasn't true at all. Oh it was so hard to do this that the conquest of cyclamen basically every other place in the americas was basically the historical accident and a fluke luke. The conquistadors had to rely on locals to help them find the city. Do you think that that's something that the archaeologists are gonna pursue while help was doc vital for the spanish and vital for y'all just now the ones sort of discovery quote unquote that they were able to make on this trip was the classic period read my it ruins which is a thousand years before sock bolom would have been founded but this town in the region knew about some ruins in this little patrick forest that they protect the reserve and they took the archaeologist they are in. It was really amazing. I mean i've seen a lot of unexcavated archeological sites in this was really special one and they never would have known it was there of the local people hadn't been willing to trust them and and tell them about it was tackle on the hard part is that nobody lives in monte. Sicily's there are people who go in there like their firefighters who might know the reserve. There are people who have lived there as refugees like from the guatemalan civil war are a lot of people took refuge there. There are people who know montezuma's ways a little bit better than average person in chapas but because has nobody lives in it. It's just so hard to find those people in it so hard to find the help that you really need to be able to do efficient archaeology. Let's say how far did you travel in all of this. I think we kayaked ninety kilometers in four days. This is a round trip so we went up river forty five kilometers that was already from the base camp. I think a lot of kayaking on in my life the walking was it was really shocking. How slow the walking. It was about a kilometer an hour which you know if i'm walking in a city i go ten minutes. You know the walking. I think it was like eight kilometers things hype it was it was it was not very long but it felt like we climbed mount everest. A lot of archaeology is don don with lighter these days using radar from planes to find hidden structures. Would that be helpful here in this area. It could potentially work. I think it it'd be really great to do it over months away. I know the archaeologist would love to do that to national geographic funded this huge light our survey of a very similar place in guatemala all and it revealed tens of thousands of of structures that archaeologists didn't know about the thing about lighter is that it's pretty expensive <hes> and it takes a lot of coordination and also when you do light. Are you still have to go out to the potential site and see it so it doesn't totally save you from the explorer our jungle adventure that we that we had one of these archaeologists going to do next. Are they going to go back. They are going to go back which i found a little bit mind boggling wing but they're really committed to exploring this area of chapas <unk> swiss and what stood was a give them some information about how how fast the spanish could travel like. Maybe it was a little slower than we thought. Maybe dot com is closer to these landmarks. If you have to go so slow a lot of the information on the satellite maps about the exact routes of the rivers turned out not to be totally right so it made making a more accurate map much easier and i think the most important thing it did probably was bringing these archaeologist in closer contact with the communities down there both the communities who who live in the towns and the guides themselves who know the reserve very well it takes a lot of work to to build a kind of trust you need to have people both agreed to show you what they know especially since archaeology in mexico as in so many places is often connected to the state and official narratives of off the country and potentially land expropriation and things like that people can be very wary of archaeologists for pretty good historical reasons yeah yea so you know you really have to spend a lot of time. They're showing them that you care about these places and you care about the current people's connection to those places in you're going to respect. That's

Mexico Chapas Guatemala Lizzie Wade Kami Thanh Harvard University Soccer Lake Miramar Lacombe Adobe Sicily Water Malla Mount Everest Sok-Bom Sokolow Palumbo
Diagnostic company Exact Sciences to buy Genomic Health in $2.8 billion deal

Bloomberg Surveillance

09:38 min | 2 years ago

Diagnostic company Exact Sciences to buy Genomic Health in $2.8 billion deal

"To get a sense of what's going on here in the equity markets with our good friend remain Bostick Bloomberg news brimming with a force well a lot's movie today I mean we can start with healthcare because we've had a lot of deal activity there of course there's that big exact sciences genomic health deal us in a lot of movement of course on both of those stocks these of course the big sort of diagnostic testing company that's kind of been all the rage for the last you know probably you're so for investors here and then of course yeah that Fizer my land deal Fizer a little bit weaker on this deal course Miley and are of rising pretty strongly on it basically five there's going to try to shuffle some of those legacy businesses the **** than of some of those other sort of a drug that are either off patent or getting to that stage where the generic competition is just going to be too much other doing sort of what you call a sort of a of reverse more stress deal were sort of allows them to do a sort of more tax friendly spin off of some of these businesses were you sexually create a separate entity and you have those two businesses then there's a really small micro cap company lexicon pharma obviously these companies are there almost kind of like a lot tickets get a lot of the triggers out I don't help people invest in Sony's biotech and bio pharma companies it's a book about a lottery Hey you you you pick it up off the floor and you hope at some point you know whatever drug trial they're working on turns out to be great and then it's so you're on to the road to riches apparently that's not gonna happen this diabetes drug that they were developing with Santa Fe Santa Fe essentially ending its partnership lexicon still going to go ahead and try to develop a drug but at least in the short term doesn't seem like this is going to be much of a winner so those are some of the big decliners today we did have a few big kind of gainers today GrubHub actually rising today up about six percent there was a big deal over in Europe up with take away that's a big Dutch delivery company buying just eats over in London so now there's of course a lot of speculation about consolidation in the industry GrubHub obviously only focus here in the U. S. but this is crossing causing some sort of world wide speculation about some potential MNA activity Hey you have pay pal to actually see me downgraded but there was actually interesting no doubt all here in the retail sector on under armor ahead of their earnings tomorrow a couple analysts out basically saying that think the numbers are gonna be much stronger mainly the company is a little bit more pricing power hasn't been discounting as much as they had in previous quarters so using the shares rise there up in the premarket remain Bostic thank you so much action in the equity markets pre market remain is bloomer television of course attorneys to give us some of the pre market action one of things we're gonna look for to this week in a big big earnings week over a hundred thirty companies reporting this week as can be apple clearly you know a bellwether for the market place a bellwether for big texture over day Bloomberg opinion commas covers all things tech for she joins us here this morning to give us what we might see Adam apple and I guess the the issue continues to be I guess the pivot this company is making a way from that the maturing iPhone on business into the services business whatever investor can be looking for here yeah I think that's right you've seen already that investors expectations of completely reset now about apple that we're talking about a company that is not expected to grow revenue much if at all for the rest of this fiscal year ending in September for apple and I think it's probably going to be more of the same so revenue not going up that which is a surprising thing for a a tech company but as you said poll the big story that investors are following is how is it going for apple's effort to sort of move beyond if it can this gigantic business in I phone sales and start selling people more you know after downloads at apple music sales an apple television subscriptions and things like that that it will least partially filled the hole left by the declining iPhone unit sales because he mentioned his iPhone units actually are declining on a global basis well we don't know for sure because animal started to stop disclosing that number but they stopped disclosing that number most likely because that number is declining now and is probably going to decline for the foreseeable future so we think that apple selling fewer new iPhones right here yes and obviously I think when we start for start hearing about China not becoming a a problem from a tree perspective all these low many months ago apple was really held out as one could be that's really expose would expect to hear from apple as it relates to China yeah I think China is going to be really important as well in this quarterly earnings report that the the the revenue numbers from trying to have not been good for apple ID been declined declining in a serious way and I think apple indicated three months ago that the trying to numbers are starting to look a little bit better so I think investors are waiting to see if that proves true yes because not only do they sell product into China they also manufacture most of their hardware there so the exposure I'm guessing is pretty extreme there versus maybe some other tech companies it is very extreme and I think apple is one of the one of the few very large tech companies apart from the chip makers that is heavily exposed to train in those two ways that as you said that apple sells a lot of products in China China is by far the top selling the biggest buyer smartphones in the world about a third of all new smartphones every year go into China and as you said trying to is central to the supply chain of apple and usually you hear people like president Donald Trump criticizing apple for manufacturing I phones and other parts of their products in China but the the company probably has very little choice but to continue doing so and in some cases right absorb some of the costs from increased component prices due to terror of some things like that so one of the countries as China begins to mature and roll over a little bit in terms of being a growth driver for apple is India how are the position in India basically apple is no where in India been taught well I know it India right now is the top growing big smartphone market in the world that purchased new numbers out today about vendor smartphone vendors in in India that are doing well and it's mostly Chinese smartphone companies companies like show me and vivo and off beau companies that have gotten big in in China in their home countries and are now doing well in India as well and apple's market share at least last time I looked at it was maybe one percent of Indian the new Indian smartphone sales even though apple's been talking about India as this important growth market as a long term growth market that still may be true but the fact is India's smartphone market is growing like crazy and apple is nowhere and apple's network they the high priced products presumably enough interesting yes sources are a big factor so it is a company it's amazing the stock up thirty three percent this year that's pretty commendable given that the company is trying to make this major pivot to services is our sense that you know the market I mean it I wonder how big services is ultimately become for this company yeah I I think I think investors are over into the Aztec about the services market the fact is there is no way to completely replace the whole created by declining I phone sales that whole industry smartphone sales are not growing anymore for apple and everyone else and apple doesn't have an answer to that and services are not going to fill that hole completely they can look at the more of these services products they introduce every new you know credit old men and credit card every new television product news all those things help a little on the margins and they're good because for the most part those services are relatively high margin products but it cannot replace the hole left by declining I phone sales how about if they're sitting on two hundred twenty five billion dollars in cash that might be helping things what what what's apple doing with this cash well I think the short version is there going to slowly return it to investors in the form of buybacks and dividends and you're right I think that is obviously hoping the stock price we should note that like a lot of these big tech companies apple took a big apple share price took a big downturn late last year and so if you look at apple's share price on a one year basis it's about even with the S. and P. five hundred right interesting just looking at the dividend yields got a one point four eight percent dividend yield right now returning cast between a twenty five billion dollars in cash that can buy you a lot of time as you either try to think of if you know determine what the next product will be or trying to ramp up your services business so we'll see what they have to say after the close tomorrow here of a day Bloomberg opinion columnist covering all things technology helping us out as we await the apple numbers after the close tomorrow again the stock up thirty percent year to date and is here mentioned you know kind of in line with the S. and P. on a trailing twelve month basis big tech took a big hit in the fourth quarter of last year was a market was hit hard by a series of issues including trade tensions which really flared up if we all remember from the fourth quarter of last year not of course had a disproportionate impact on the technology stocks including apple which is typically held out is probably one of the stocks long so the chip makers this year mention this kind of most exposed to China so want to see what apple has to say after the close as a company transitions from being a iPhone maker to a services a company with a lot of cash on the balance sheet this is

Bostick Bloomberg Two Hundred Twenty Five Billio Twenty Five Billion Dollars Thirty Three Percent Four Eight Percent Thirty Percent Three Months Twelve Month One Percent Six Percent One Year
Yet another plan to save the media with technology

Marketplace Tech with Molly Wood

06:39 min | 2 years ago

Yet another plan to save the media with technology

"This. Marketplace podcast is brought to you by Avery books publisher financial freedom by millennial money, founder grants about J, a step-by-step path to becoming financially independent as fast as possible. Learn more at financial freedom, book dot com, and by Lynn ovo for small business. Your business is a difference maker and Lenovo is dedicated to making a difference for you by providing innovative devices technology services and solutions to learn more. Visit Lenovo dot com slash SM be powered by Intel. Today, yet another plan to save the media with technology from American public media. This is marketplace tech demystifying the digital economy. I'm Molly would. In the last week alone. Digital media outlets have laid off hundreds of people the publishers of USA today are fighting off a takeover attempt from a hedge fund the Washington Post actually ran a Super Bowl ad about. How important journalism is but subscriptions don't make enough money and ads are annoying data sucking and don't even work most of the time. Enter tech, Jim mckelvey is the co founder of the payments and processing giants square. He's got a start up called invisibly. That's part micro payments where you pay for individual articles and part Aztec where you the reader can earn free articles by trading more data you could choose to pay for no ads at all or strike a balance somewhere in the middle. Mckelvey told me the whole point is control. It's never been free. You've always paid for. But you've paid for it with your attention. And it's usually frustrating because you don't have any control over how your eyeballs are bought and sold and they're being sold hundreds of times a day without your permission or knowledge. So here's the deal. You don't have to do anything differently. If you want us to just manage this for you. We will. But if you wanna take control over how your tensions bought and sold will give you that control. So for instance, you're live in New York don't tell me a pickup truck because I'm in New York. I'm not gonna buy a pickup truck. I don't need one here. That piece of information is valuable and any piece of information. You give does two things for you. First of all, it increases the relevance of the products that are pitched to you because you're gonna buy some things. But more importantly, it increases the value of your eyeballs. So you are getting paid more per second of attention or I can just buy my way out of it directly. And skip the tailoring process. Absolutely. Yeah. However, you want to engage. It's interesting. It sounds like your making an argument that I should have more control of my data. But there's a version of this that also sounds like I still give over a lot of data to individual sites yet. And it's completely up to you. What you wanna do? So in our system from complete anonymity, which by the way will change the price of somebody for content. So for instance, one of our publishers will sell you an article for a. Quarter cent if they know who you are and that same article could cost three cents if they don't know because they're getting value out of your data as well. They want to know who their readers are. So it sounds like if it really was embedded into a lot of different sites. It would become a large real time experiment and trying to determine what how much people actually do value their privacy, which I think we're all trying to figure out right this moment. And there's no one answer for one person. So for instance, there times, I value my privacy a lot there times. I don't I'm about to buy a bunch of couches. If the couch manufacturers are the world knew I was about to spend several thousand bucks on couches. They would send adds to me that I would love to see right now. But the problem is in the current ecosystem have no way of signaling that and the worst cases I buy a couch, and then they find out I bought one. And then for the next three months. I get chased by couch commercials. It's really backwards and messed up right now. And we're not saying we're gonna fix it all at once. But we're saying that we're going to do this on behalf of the people whose information is the currency. Give me control of how I spend my attention. Just as I have control over. How I spend the dollars in my wallet. Jim mckelvey is the CEO of invisibly, which is launching whenever it's ready. He told me the company is in. No hurry. Thanks to venture capital his own money. And he says the support of most major media outlets. But I bet they're hoping he'll hurry up. And now for some related links on Monday, Facebook, CEO, Mark Zuckerberg posted a letter to celebrate the platforms fifteenth anniversary, and it is a very interesting read. We have a link to it at our website. Marketplace tech dot org. You can also find it on Facebook. Obviously, what's interesting in the context of this conversation about the future of media is that Zuckerberg is sort of taken the position that what Facebook is doing is up ending the traditional institutions that used to control your access to information, and that now the internet with Facebook at its core is setting all that information free. But the media and people who are afraid of change only wanna focus on the negative to those people. He says, you are wrong and society is becoming more open in accountable because of these new networks and Facebook, which is like I said very interesting because on the one hand. Yes technology marches on there was moral hand-wringing in the extreme about the democratization of language about radio about television in. Yes about the internet. But I would argue that as much as Berg may think otherwise Facebook is not the internet. Facebook does not behave the way that disruptive new networks might behave in a vacuum because Facebook is a company it's incentive is to make money. Senator. We run ads the internet is an incredibly disruptive and democratizing and polarizing force. And everything's Coburg says about Facebook that you can find a like minded community that you could keep in touch with faraway friends that you could organize protests that you could advertise a business all of that can happen on the internet with or without Facebook. And none of that necessarily makes Facebook immune from questions about the ads. Right. But then again, let's be fair. What else is he going to say, he's the CEO of a business? I'm Molly would. And that's marketplace tech. This is a PM. This. Marketplace podcast is brought to you by Kronos, FM L, A F L essay ACA EEOC it's harder than ever for businesses to keep up with today's evolving, alphabet soup of regulations. What's a company to do Cronos with Cronos you can minimize compliance risk and track HR policies making sure they are applied consistently and fairly HR payroll talent and timekeeping in one unified system all with a proven implementation approach and simplified transparent pricing. Learn more at Kronos dot com slash compliance. Kronos, workforce innovation that works.

Facebook Jim Mckelvey CEO Lenovo Molly Lynn Ovo Kronos Dot Intel Washington Post Kronos USA New York Avery Founder Publisher Mark Zuckerberg
"aztec" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins

Timesuck with Dan Cummins

03:46 min | 3 years ago

"aztec" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins

"Aztec units without leadership would you know devolve into a panic and then also this is what i was mentioned earlier the texts you know they were used to a looser form of battle because their primary objective wasn't to kill it was to capture their primary objective was to capture you know some enemy soldiers take him alive bring him back to be ritually sacrificed and their and their warfare methods were highly ritualized you know to please the gods there was precise moments for starting battle to ending battle it was almost like more like a game the way they would fight battle you had to follow certain rules the spaniards didn't the spenders now man do what you need to do to fuck these guys up and kill him so that so that just gave them a huge advantage strategically sadly when the war was over what remained of the tech culture was obliterated its temples were defaced or destroyed many of them it's fine art meltdown into coins and then christian missionaries you know start arriving in mass and burning the writings getting rid of their teachings and assimilating you know what little survivors remained into western culture or the ones that you know that made it to other kind of tribes and little mini empires and city states those would just you know marry into those cultures which would later also be assimilated into christianity in western culture so you know while there are certainly still people alive today who have asked genetics there there's no more quote unquote as two people i'm sure there are people who identify as as but they're they're just has not been cultural continuity over the years the culture the empire was compl dismantled and by the way i know the tax also never called themselves as tex that name was invented by the spanish they called himself mak and again there are many people living in around mexico city for example that are direct descendants of the aztecs but again you know it's been hundreds of years since there was any real cultural tie to the ethics was as the pretty crazy man pretty crazy they weren't giving some kind of reservation or anything they lost they lost everything they lost everything and that is all i have for today about the aspects except for today's top five takeaways time number one cortez arrived on the shores of present day mako february fifteen nineteen at that time the aztecs air kicking ass man they were drinking chocolate he drinks now living in a fancy city with zoos and restaurants and floating gardens shits on people were getting their hearts cut out by saying brace then by august fifteen twenty one just a year and a half later they're done completely destroyed what have very speedy demise almost all of their people dead and their culture obliterated in a year and a half number two cortez was an asshole the techs were happy to give him lots and lots of gold but it wasn't enough they even let him be leader you know let me be living god not enough you had to take everything from him number three the aztecs religion was super duper fucked up man cutting kids hearts out to make the corn god happy drowning other kids to make the water go to have the too far you guys is way too far i'm against it number four the aztecs one of many civilizations and medical america when cortes showed up a few years after he did show up all of them are gone smallpox plus no immunity to smallpox equals nobody know for locals and number five new info modern historians actually don't believe despite the legend of the aztecs that tina t land the greatest city of mesoamerica the greatest of mesoamerican mysteries the aztec capital was actually built by the techs as they claim to know teno ten not t lan translate it as the place where men become gods and the language of the.

"aztec" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins

Timesuck with Dan Cummins

03:30 min | 3 years ago

"aztec" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins

"The aztecs this shit is weird we don't know for sure how this game was played you know if there was a official guide rulebook it got burnt evidence suggests that the wide variety of football games were played all somewhat some other like you can go visit the ruins of law these ancient parents and cities there's like they're still courts the courts are still there where they would play this game the most widespread version apparently was the was the hip game i swear not making this up took me long time to try and get my head around this it was played by two opposing teams with variable number of players the aim of the game was to put the ball in the opponents end zone without using hanjour feet sometimes they'd have to put the ball through this little kind of like a little tiny whole like a very small hold onto throw it through the article on i found says it only hips could touch the ball which i can't i can't even wrap my head around because like one of the balls on the ground rolling around how how how shit the move it with your hip the ball they'll nine pound deady made out of hard rubber i was actually never supposed to touch the ground but we don't know what the rule was if it did touch the ground ground we do a few things about the game was scored a different point systems again note no direct counts the precise but but we know it was rough we know that they had pads we it was violent and dangerous who's played on unforgiving stone court people wore protective gear that included like leather helmets kneepads arm and chest protectors and gloves and sometimes you get real violent and this is why i thought it was worth bringing up like when the aztecs would play it oftentimes when he has to actually play it the losing team would be murdered or sacrificed is they called it seriously they will get their heads cut off among the ashtec decapitation was a frequent end for the losing team man you're gonna fuck and play heart rights no you're not you're not saving it for the next game when you are when decapitation you're you're shooting for a blowout right you're you're you're you're diving for loose balls you are diving for loose balls if you know that you will literally lose your head if if you don't win the game right how how are we supposed to get a proper rivalry going by the way if every team you beat gets their heads cut off a supposedly the game was played between different factions having some sort of dispute in the game would be played in place of actual warfare so you know instead of war like we do this game and then it losing team dis tough tough time to be a skilled athlete that's now team you want to be picked for playing to the death and lighter news the olmecs domesticated the cacao tree they gave us chocolate thank you all mex us became my favorite culture mantle of chocolate go ahead go ahead chocolate romney doubt i'll have new ones put in and get right back to to a grinding up your sweet sweet candy now quick note about the mayans the longest running american civilization was the maya civilization occupying much of central north america central north american continent based on the on their base on the gulf coast of what is now mako between sometime between twenty five hundred bc and its earliest forms and last until around fifteen hundred sees so long run kind of you know they reached their height around six hundred ce they fell apart for reasons not entirely clear around nine hundred c and then it kinda struggled on for a few more centuries in fragmented form you know they weren't like a unified empire you know so to speak they were complex group of independent city states which shared cultural qualities such as their amazing complex artwork particularly had murals advanced drinking water collection system constructed amazing pyramids remain.

official nine pound
"aztec" Discussed on The Adam Carolla Show

The Adam Carolla Show

01:44 min | 3 years ago

"aztec" Discussed on The Adam Carolla Show

"If he me saying i'm going to go on a car run and i'm just going to bring some cars home for you guys okay so i'll get to for our as i'll get to audis i'll get to panic aztec vans and i'll get to renault alliances from the nineteen eighties and then someone goes whoa what are you getting the pontiac ashtec van sorry i just wanna i wanted to be covered cover covered by the piles of shit that nobody wants know who knows maybe we employ the criminally insane and they prefer the pontiac aztec over the audi and my feeling is then you don't like cars and let's just get the best one at that point this is world where the pontiac aztec fantasy sexy prices outy so now i'm really living because at least in that world on the dick van was nineteen grand and the ferrari four hundred k's dan they're all the same price so don't do it just don't do it when you're going on a bagel run just get the bagel because they've at the top three and if you wanna throw in an aig i got no problems with you but the multi grain is horrible to everybody the textures wrong the taste is wrong and because it's in the shape of a bagel it doesn't mean it's a bagel if you take non bagel material and shaef it into bagel that does not make it does not a bagel make you inner tube is delicious yeah it's offensive to the hemorrhoids pillow is awesome.

dick van aztec audi four hundred k