20 Episode results for "Assam"
How GPS Clocks Work (w/ Hugo Fruehauf) and Why Stress Turns Hair Gray
"Hi you're about to get smarter and just a few minutes with curiosity. Daily from . cody golf and I'm actually Hamer Today A. GPS clocks work from the engineer who made GPS clocks in the first place. Hugo freehoff. But I you'll learn about how researchers finally figured out why stress can turn your haired grey. Let a satisfied curiosity. We've known for a long time that stress can make your hair go gray or white. Think Barack Obama George W Bush or rogue from X. men and though strictly speaking stress is not what turned rogue's hair white depending on if you're referring to the comics or the movies you know what I'm not going to get. Look Man. I saw the movies. It seemed like a very stressful situation. She was in okay. That's fair I guess. If you're absorbing McNeil's powers yeah all right that's fair but for a long time. Scientists didn't have any idea why stress turned your hair grey. Well a huge team of researchers led by Harvard University has just figured weirded out and it involves our old friend the fight or flight response the researchers first job was to figure out which body system is responsible for translating stressful situations situations into gray hair. There I thought was that the immune system might be attacking itself so they got their hands on some mice without immune cells and put them under stress when those mice turned gray. The researchers knew. That wasn't the 'cause then. They turned the infamous stress Hormone Cortisol. They removed the adrenal glands. From a new batch of mice and subjected did them to stress. Again they went grey then. They turned to the sympathetic nervous system. It seemed like a good candidate because it contains a huge network of neurons the reach into every hair follicle in the body after more tests on more mice the researchers finally had their culprit. So here's what happens. A hair hair follicle contains specialized stem cells. Stem cells are kind of sell the can turn into any number of different cell types so when a hair is growing some of those stem cells convert into cells that produce Melanin which is a pigment responsible for hair-color some people's nervous systems respond to incredibly stressful situations by releasing huge. You Jim out of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine that Nora. Ephron tells all of those all purpose stem cells to specialize into pigment producing cells and then migrate away from where they're needed. The follicles keep growing new hairs but the supply of pigment producing cells have dried up so the new hairs are white or gray. It's flick using all of your sunscreen on the first day of tropical vacation. Now you're definitely going to turn a color you don't want you know. This is just another bullet on the long list of ways said stress affects the body. Hopefully the new insights from this study will help. Scientists develop new therapies and tactics to ease the physical toll of stress and maybe save some in presidential hairdos and the process. See you've got like a finite number of stem cells that can actually produce pigment and there's no reference activates them really quickly Lisa. Use them all up and then you're just kind of out right because if you think about it the whole reason you go gray when you get older is because you're pigment producing cells have dried up. This just makes makes them dry up faster. Got It no good. No good if you look at your cell phone right now. Chances Are you can tell me what time it is with astonishing accuracy. Courtesy and phones and devices around the world are sync up to within a fraction of a second thanks to the innovation we call. GPS The global positioning system and part of that is thanks to the fact that Hugo freehoff developed a highly accurate miniaturized atomic clock which became foundational components of GPS and Hugo. Himself is going to explain to you. How GPS clocks work the first? Here's you go on. What an atomic clock even is? What's an atomic clock? Well I like to describe it. As a grandfather clock on the wall had this pendulum the pendulum kind of stabilizes how accurate the clock is the long dependent on the more accurate then we went to wristwatches at had would be called quartz watches. It was a little coach oscillated which is a little disc and you excite de at vibrates at maybe thirty eighty thousand times a second and you count the vibrations and you say okay. This is the second nick second in a second. So so that's what you used to have on your wishing you still do you. Tommy clock now goes beyond that pendulum now becomes electrons and so you build something that excites electrons electrons to to flip. It's magnetic dipoto and so that flipping back and forth which might be you know over simplistic but the pendulum then becomes a a movement of the electron back and forth from from its magnetic dipoto and And then produces accuracy of you know better than a bit the second time accuracy. Okay so like you said that's a bit of a simplification but hopefully it gives you a good idea of why atomic clocks are so accurate Assam Assam Klux also used to be really big and really expensive so it was a big deal figuring out how to make those clocks small enough to launch into space. Let alone get them to work properly. Burleigh while being exposed to heavy radiation but obviously Hugo and his colleagues eventually got everything working right so let's get into how. GPS clocks work. Hugo told told us to imagine you're flying three kites at the same time you pull those strings tight and there's no slack. Those cates are stuck in the same place. You can't really move around because there's no no more slack on the strings. Now pretend those are. GPS satellites and they're sending you signals. Now you got signals over there eliminating the globe and you got people always say surface the earth. TBS Not only. It's all the way up to you. Know tens of thousands of miles as long as you below the orbit of the D. S.. So so now. Let's let's make the simple. I'm going to transmit a a signal from the satellite and you're going to receive it and the satellite has a perfect perfect lock and you have a perfect clock case now. Decision comes down and the signal that you're getting is slightly slower than the one that's in your receiver right because it has to head travel from twelve thousand miles back down to your receiver. Now that travel distance that you're receiving from that signal. This is moving at the speed of light. No as your cell phone signals moon the speed of light. Everything's moving basically plus or minus something at the speed of light your radio. FM RADIO JOE is travelling at speed of light. Almost stuff things from space especially so now. How do you measure the speed of light? Well the speed of light is about One foot every three billionth of a second. Now you can see right away. You're going to have to have a clock. That really does some fancy stuff because once would areas roughly three billionth of a second. And what are you going to have. What are you going to get the measure this thing? So that's what atomic clock comes in. So now you're measuring the time delay between the satellite and your receiver and You you do the simultaneously with minimum for satellites. I guess what comes out the exact location plus exact time and so big innovation was that you didn't have to have an atomic clock in your receiver at at the cost of about twelve thousand dollars so satellite clocks. Of course you know cost millions. But if you had a satellite o'clock on the ground and you could navigate perfectly three satellites however since you don't want to spend thirteen thousand dollars to four o'clock you WANNA spend two hours owners then basically you have to go towards very very accurate atomic clocks and if you take four those signals one gives you x ones gives Z.. Y. Ones gives you Z.. Meaning longitude latitude altitude and a fourth one. That's left over gives you exact time and that's the that's how you get a time when you turn on your GPS. It's actually you don't have an atomic guys lady sitting there looking at all the satellites extracting perfect time so now your clock in your her receiver is almost as good as won in the satellite. You heard that right these clocks sync up to within a billionth of a second sound. Simple right just just have a few satellites with atomic clocks triangulate your latitude longitude and altitude and call today. Well here's Hugo with why it wasn't quite that easy now you you got a dozen resources right. THA got delayed the honest fair. You got all kinds of things. The orbit has to be perfect has to be perfectly a circle because because if you don't get a perfect circle shaped orbit then you start speeding up to satellite in one place in lowering outside and you get into Einstein's theory of relativity which by the way have to cheat yes when that signal comes down it It applies to brilliant Einstein's general theory of Relativity Shivaji. where he says clocks run differently as they move away from a gravitational field so therefore free if you have good enough clocked it was noticed that then as you moving towards orbit you will have to compensate for his relativity theory by the fact that you're moving away from a gravitational field and so therefore your clock runs different in orbit than the one that you have in the ground is mad fact number so small that You know you just kind of mind blowing but basically the system. One of the satellite systems runs at At a frequency of of ten point two three megahertz while in order to make the clock on the ground. Look exactly like the clock in space. Because you don't WanNa have that air to deal with you. GotTa you have to slow down the clock in space by ten point two two nine nine nine nine nine four. Three three zero megahertz charge again. Hugo fruehauf is one of the inventors of GPS. And if you use your phone as an alarm clock then he's pretty much the guy you can thank for getting to work on time every day. Hugo was one of four pioneers received the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering in December which is the world's most prestigious engineering accolade. We have links to learn more about about Hugo end the prize entities show notes and next week Hugo will be back one more time to talk about the lasting legacy of GPS. So let's recap what we learned today. Well Harvard scientists finally figured out the scientific reason why hair turns grey and it has to do a stem cells basically using all your pigment production scheduled for your lifetime time too early and learned that. GPS can sink your clocks to a billionth of a second. But in order to do that the inventors had to make sure. GPS satellites are in a perfect circular orbit around the earth and they also had to account for a little thing called Einstein's theory of relativity and be thank goodness for people that are are good at math. Yeah it's a lot of numbers so many numbers I just want to know why Hugo can't make my microwave clock more accurate. It's three minutes fast all the time. I'll I'll fix it still discussing it up to the GPS. Yeah gotta get gotTa get me one of those. GPS satellites hook it up to my microwave. I'm sure they have smart. Microwaves you can buy with. GPS clocks. I don't WanNa do that. I'm perfectly happy with the hand. Me Down I got from a roommate ten years ago. The clock is one of two things a microwave actually needs. What's the other thing? The plus thirty seconds button. Oh yes I never put an actual time. Does anyone ever use is any other amount of buttons really. It just needs the one button also clear button. My boyfriend gets upset when there's like leftover time on the microwave. That's one one of his pet peeves. I live with two roommates when I moved to Chicago. And I've known him since first grade and one of them wouldn't hit clear. The end of the microwave other roommate would be like the only thing John does that I cannot stand is when he doesn't clear the microwave. You had just drive people off the wall. Well John and I are the same in. This first story was written by Steffi drucker and edited by Ashley. Humor is the managing editor for curiosity daily. Today's episode was scripted. Produced an edited Vicodin. Gov Join US again tomorrow to learn something new in just a few minutes and until then stay curious.
The Buru Pt. 2
"The Tommy Warrior had been tracking a Bora Singh an Indian dear through the muddy swamp all day after hours of hearing nothing but lapping water and his own heavy footsteps. He was surprised when suddenly something started worded. sniffling noisily in the muck pulling aside mad of reads he uncovered a small reptilian creature with a long neck scratching at the ground looking for food. It was a newborn buro and it was alone with barely. Thought the warrior plunged enjoy his spear into the creature's belly. There was no need to hunt the Bara sing her now. It found dinner later that night. After the warrior career returned home with a young Bruce Body he began to hear strange noises coming from outside splashes and animal cries without warning. The entire building started to shake. The warrior grabbed his spear and ran to the door. Outside a giant Buddha through with sharp fannings whipped. It's powerful tail into the supports that held up the house. It was the baby's mother back for her revenge. Vengeance according to a tiny legend the mother Buru viciously yanked the warrior and his home into the depths of the murky swamp. Never to be seen again. But was this a true account of the Burros behavior or was the whole tail and the Buru itself. Just another story. Welcome to unexplained mysteries. Apar- cast original. I'm your host Molly and I'm your host Richard in life. There's so much we don't know but in this show we don't take we don't no for an answer every Thursday. We investigate the greatest mysteries of history. Rian Life on earth you can find episodes of unexplained mysteries and all other podcast originals for free on spotify over. Ever you listen to podcasts. It's to stream unexplained mysteries for free on spotify. Just open the APP and type unexplained mysteries in the search bar at par cast. We're grateful for you our listeners. You'll allow us to do what we love. Let us know how we're doing reach out on facebook and Instagram at podcast and twitter twitter at podcast network. And if you enjoy today's episode the best way you can help us is to leave a five star review. Wherever you're listening? It really does help help. This is our final episode on the brew. A giant mysterious reptile said to lurk in the swamps of Assam India in one thousand nine hundred. Forty eight zoologist. Charles stoner journalist. Rafe is art and cameraman. Frank Hodgkinson led an expedition Russian deep into the northern Indian jungle in search of the obscure creature. Last week we followed the expedition through the mountainous jungle to find wind. Reload valley the rumored home of the Buru. While they didn't find the animal in Realo. They hope that it still lived in some other unexplored valley this week will explore the evidence. The expedition collected and try to uncover the truth behind the legend of the Buru did did they ever really dwell in real valley and could it still be living in India Today Charleston owner Breif is art and Frank Hodgkinson spent weeks in Reload Valley India. Waiting for the Buru to appear but by late May of nineteen forty eight there was still no sign of the creature. They had no choice but to leave or risk being stranded without out supplies during the rainy season even as they departed realo in defeat. Rafe is our was already planning away to salvage his story. He hoped they journey. To the nearby Zero Valley were ancient brew bones were supposedly buried but by the time they made headed back to the city of Chalon at the end of May their story had beaten them there. Perhaps a DAFA porter had been talking or someone had lead the expedition details back in April before they even left civilization either way they'd been scooped. The exclusive Baru Story is czar. was supposed to bring back for. The Daily Mail was already in competing papers on May fifth while the expedition was still in realo oh the Hindustan Times ran an article about rumors of a giant dinosaur lizard eating treetops. In Assam soon more hearsay was published one journalists claim that the creature was related to the abominable snowman of the Upper Himalayas before long stories of the fearsome Buru caused panic tea. Planters hired armed guards to patrol their fields and protect their crops from marauding swamp lizards the Assam Rifles Specialized Task Force of the Indian army was dispatched to the edges of the jungle. Journalists and adventure seekers alike flooded into Shillong hoping to mount their own expeditions to bring buro out of hiding but in nineteen forty eight in the face of all all this attention. storeowner is art and Hodgkinson. Couldn't help but feel like failures. The mystery reptile had eluded them and now there there was a chance someone else could find it. I despite all this Rafe is art was still optimistic. Even though they hadn't found any boroughs in Realo he was certain that the creatures had existed at some point perhaps even recently in the awesome. Me's back country is are offered the following theory. Our verdict. After much thought was that there is no longer a buru at reload but that one probably existed there until quite recent times until long after the boroughs of the Pattani tradition had been killed off he went on to say the boroughs of Carilo in fact may have existed until the time when the DAFA. I began cultivating the jungle. Covered sides of the swamp say ten in years ago once the surrounding mountainsides had been cleared of water holding trees. The process of silting up within the swamp itself would be vastly accelerated and this may have denied the Baru any possibility of further existence. Basically is are believed the Duff Lewis Deforestation Station of the hillsides and draining. The swamp had destroyed the booze habitat. The area was no longer able to flood as it used to. During the rainy season and the beasts were forced to leave or perish. The Dafa is of realo claimed that they'd seen the animals basking in the water during sunny days. He's in years before izard surmised that they must have seen the creatures in the early years before all the trees were gone and just took it for granted that they still still lived in the marsh. Everyone knew the summer rains. Brought out the booze so they continued to believe they were living in the valley. It wasn't until the expedition addition came looking for them that the Dafa is realized that the bruise had been driven off or died out due to habitat destruction. Jump Jar are a traveling Dafa leader and the doffs appointed government representative weighed in on the issue according to him the Duff Lewis had not seen a Buru during nineteen nineteen forty eight or possibly any recent year if any boroughs had been in Rio Valley. They were gone now but maybe they were still thriving elsewhere elsewhere at the end of his book. The hunt for the bureau is ARD expressed his desire to go on another expedition in search of the animal. He spoke about tracking from Real Valley through the jungle back to Zero Valley. Where the Tani's lived izard still believed believed that he could find the creature or at least some trace of it? In one of the many small swamps and marshes dotting the landscape he hoped to finally meet the Catania's himself and perhaps exhume the four buro burial sites scattered around Zero Valley. Alas this track was never to be not. There's not an official explanation as to why is our never traveled to the appetite or attempted to explore the area between zero and Realo after he published the hunt for the bureau in Nineteen fifty. One is our denison seemed to have published another word on the subject at all. Most likely he is our couldn't secure any financial backing for another trip. The Daily Mail funded the nineteen forty eight excursion with no real results. Not only that they'd been scooped. The Hindustan Times started publishing unverified reports about the Buru before is art was even. I'm back from the jungle. Without the support of his employer is ARD was never able to return to the jungles of some to find the beast. But maybe there was nothing for him to find in the months after his expedition dozens more explorers and journalists sat out from she long spurred by the report in the Hindustan Times of giant lizards stocking the Himalayan ridges these intrepid reporters and scientists ranged across Assam. Trying to find the Buru not one was successful much like the initial expedition. No other explorers were able to find any evidence of the Buru in Assam. Did it ever exist. Based on hard evidence evidence probably not stonier is art and Hodgkinson never found alive Buru they also never found bones skin din Daeng or any other indicators of an undiscovered reptile living in the marshes of Assam as for the other swamps dotting the landscape between between zero and Realo no formal expeditions have ever been sent to explore them. It certainly seems that the Buru if it ever existed did does not live in Assam today and it's difficult to take is arts theory that the beast once lived and then went extinct at face value. Oh you when absolutely no evidence of the creature has ever been found but we can't definitively say that the Buru never existed at all. The Buru was an integral part of the EPA. Tiny's oral tradition for generations before Charles donor ever heard of it which brings us to a new possibility. If the Buru didn't exist something had to inspire these stories even if it was just an expression of old legends and cultural cultural anxieties what if instead of a real creature the boo ru was something. More mythical so next we'll dive deeper into the lore surrounding the Buru of Assam. Hi It's molly and it's no mystery than I'm an animal lover. That's why I'm so thrilled. Tell you about podcasts. Latest Series Dong Tales House Dog Tales tells the true stories of heroic canines who have gone above and beyond their best friend duties. The dog and my life is named Corona. He's a rust. Colored terrier mix and his sweetest can be that his cuteness doesn't compare to the acts of bravery explored in this show every Monday dog tales. Embarks on a new journey of courage service an unwavering sacrifice by our most loyal companions. You'll hear tales of inspiration from all breeds of life like buddy the German shepherd. The world's first seeing I guide dog or huskies. He's Balto and Togo. The sled dogs who made a lifesaving medical delivery from anchorage to nome each episode of Gog Tales is as unique as it's the pups themselves ensure bring you closer to the furry friend in your life so get ready to sit stay and rollover with excitement. Light Mint for PODCASTS endearing series. Dog Tales listen to dog tales. Free on spotify or wherever. You get your podcasts now. Back to the story after a failed expedition in nineteen forty eight to find the elusive Buru journalist analyst. Rafe is ARD was still confident that the creature might live in the dank jungles of Assam but is ARD was too caught up in his own hopes to take look at the bigger picture. There was another much more plausible. Answer the Buru was an op. Tiny legend that his imagination had brought to life life what set many of the indigenous tribes in Assam apart from one another where the distinctive cultures and belief systems groups. Like the paraic up a Taiwanese and doff lose all lived in the same area of India but had their own entirely unique ways of life art and social structure as we mentioned last week. The PATANI is of Zero Valley where bureaus were said to roam long ago were incredibly isolated. Zero Valley is ringed on all sides by a range of Himalayan peaks. The opportunities therefore have a special relationship with the land and have have historically practiced conservationist agriculture due to careful consideration in their cultivation practices. They were able to live off the bounty of the valley without the need for outside goods. Save for occasional trading with the nomadic. doff lose the tiny's rarely left zero valley when stone or visited them is are noted though they are in India many have never seen in Indian let alone a white man. The tribes CBS People's donors spoke to hadn't even heard of Mahatma Gandhi who helped lead India to its independence just a year before in nineteen forty seven. All of this means that with no outside influence or knowledge the opportunities stories of a legendary swamp monster could've taken on a life for their own over time later. Generations came to believe that the Brewers of myth were actually real. But then then there's the question of where those tales came from initially. We can try to answer this by comparing their oral traditions to those of other valleys like zero which are scattered throughout northern Assam. Many have swamps and deep pools each with their own mitha logical significance in his research which is found that some of the other local tribes had legends and stories about particular pools many were said to be the dwellings of spirits. Let's on their expedition to Reload Valley. Many of the local doff. LA's were reluctant to get close to certain grotto's in pools of water near the swamp. They told. Hold the expedition that they were homes to evil and vengeful supernatural beings who would punish them for trespassing. The spirits that were said Ed to live in the pools and marshes were often formless non-core porio entities they were not tangible solid creatures large urge heavy physically imposing Burros bore little in common with these sorts of spirits but the idea of magical water dwellers may have combined with other legends. Those of dragons. The Buru certainly fit some descriptions of dragons. They were giant Reptilian creatures with incredible strength. They were intelligent and could enact vengeance like in the story of the mother Burro you pulling the Warriors House down after he killed her baby while they didn't fly according to the Tani's they were able to magically survive if buried deep under the swamp for the dry season then booze emerged like springtime flowers when the rains came once more. The Dragon Maggie Smith has appeared in many cultures around the world. Stories of these creatures are part of the cultural fabric of China England Scandinavia and and the Middle East that the archetype crosses into so many distinct cultures is remarkable dragons of flown across borders through language barriers and into books worldwide. But they've never existed. So why is it that they're so universal. There are two prevailing prevailing schools of thought when it comes to the pervasive nature of the Dragon Myth the first according to anthropologist David e Jones is that the dragon sprang from humanity's shared instinctive fear of snakes. Jones argues that the sphere morphed over time into the stories of violent monstrous monsters. Dragons perhaps the origin of the Burros was similar to this. It was a magical creature inspired by real dangers. The appetizers forefathers others had to face swamps in India are known for varied in dangerous reptilian fauna including snakes and crocodiles. The other argument humint made by historian. Adrian may or in her book. The first fossil hunters is that fossils have influenced draconic myths. Humans humans made up dragon stories to explain the preserved bones of dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals that they covered the term dinosaur dinosaur wasn't even coined until eighteen forty two but humans discovered fossils for generations before that a giant powerful supernatural natural creature like a dragon would be a good explanation for the massive bones. That early explorers found whichever explanation you believe for thousands thousands of years. Humans thought the dragons existed the stories were repeated so often and woven so tightly into cultural memory that dragons were at times thought to be real creatures all over the world the Buru could be a microcosm of the Dragon Myth. There was a precedent in the area for tales of supernatural swamp creatures with powers the evil spirits in the pools. The Opera Tani's may have come up with their own type of water spirit. This one however was a scaly powerful vengeful monster the Buru combined features features of fearful reptiles with the magical aspects of musical water sprites and their legendary creature must've seemed unquestionably real. When UPA Tani's unearth bones? That perfectly matched the monster from their stories in Zero Valley. The Tani's showed zoologist Charles. Charleston owner four different sites where they claimed gurus were buried but stone. Her never actually dug the mounts up the EPA Tani's honey's wouldn't let him desecrate the graves and no other expedition was mounted to check what was buried there. There's no telling what was actually under under the mountains could have been dinosaur bones bison skeletons or nothing at all. Unfortunately we don't know because donor didn't know and in the years since his expedition there's been no report of any one excavating the burial sites in reload valley without some kind of hard physical evidence. The brew could very well have been a mythical beast that stoner mistook for a real animal. This this argument while very convincing is not without its flaws in his book the hunt for the Buru is art related. Aided House Turner was certain that the brew had to be a real animal convinced by the appetite and Dafa descriptions that this had to be the case ace. He dismissed any notion. It was a legendary beast. Stonier was a nationally recognized zoologist ethnologist for the specialty in the Assam region is art had been a journalist for almost seventeen years at the time he went on the nineteen forty eight expedition with their combined. Experience Syrians they were gifted at parsing out facts from fiction. And they were convinced that the appetite didn't believe the guru was the spirit instead they maintain that it was a normal living creature as tangible as the buffalo that wandered through their valley. There was compelling circumstantial stansel evidence that pointed to the beast's existence for one thing. The TANIS weren't the only people who claim to have seen it ten years before the Expedition Dafa 's moved into Real Valley fifty miles away. We Lo- is incredibly similar to Zero Valley. In terms of of topography. Like zero realo was filled with a massive swamp when the arrived. The Duff Lewis claimed that they found creatures creatures living in the marshes that they to call booze their description of these animals with surprisingly similar to the swamp monsters of zero valley complete with long necks and tails horse cries and Reptilian bodies even though the expedition was unable to find evidence of bureaus unrealized valley. The Dafa were adamant that they'd once lived there. They claim they were often seen during their first few years in the valley when toffler is cultivated the hilltops overlooking the water while they hadn't spotted a Buru in the past year. They still believe the animals lived in the valley. It was a fact of life in Rio. A marker of the changing seasons like the bamboo growing in spring. or The rain's coming. In April Buro were not a legendary beasts to the dafkos having been in the valley no longer than a decade. They didn't have enough time to establish and passed down in oral the tradition of a monster. The way the Chinese had this is perhaps one of the greatest pieces of evidence in favor of the existence of the Buru. It's unlikely that the ductless simply invented the creature out of thin air and with the appetite as being so isolated. It's hard to believe. Their story spread fifty miles to reload. Even if it did is improbable that the daffodils then took it on faith that burroughs lived in their swamp to do without ever seen one to add to this evidence. There are tales of other almost identical creatures floating around the Indian subcontinent point. Two thousand miles away from Realo valley in the northwestern Indian state of Gujarat. There is an area called gear national park. This forested land is home to Asiatic Lions Leopards wild boars crocodiles and monitor lizards in the early twentieth century. It was rumored to be home to another legendary giant reptile. That you're of gear. It was supposedly a lizard that was twenty feet long semi aquatic and shared. It's marshland habitat with saltwater crocodiles. It is also never been found the similarities between the juror gear and the Buru are startling. They hail from opposite sides of India but sound like the exact same beast. They're both giant reptiles with four legs. That lurk in Indian swamps something something inspired people an entire subcontinent away to tell stories of a creature that bears a striking similarity to the Buru. It's unlikely that the same legend spontaneously sprang up across multiple unrelated cultures with barely any contact therefore or. It's very hard to say that the boo was a completely mythical animal while there are a lot of convincing points for this theory Stonier is are the appetite Catania's and the Duffala all thought the creature was real and maybe it was perhaps the tiny's didn't come up with a bureau. Oh after discovering long fossilized dinosaur bones maybe those bones were much more recent instead of a fantastical dragon and perhaps Behrouz were very real. Dinosaur that terrorized Assam. Well into the modern age coming up. We'll find out which terrifying creatures could have been stocking the dark Himalayan jungles now back to the story. The Buru is still an enigma today. Over fifty years after an expedition expeditions set out into the jungle to find it. According to journalist Rafe is art that Buru was a real creature that simply went extinct shortly before they could find it others believe that the Buru never really existed at all and was actually mythological creature. According to this this theory the was a folk tale. The Charles Stone and Rafe is hard mistook for a real animal. So did this giant reptile L. Creature really live among the Dafa 's and the Tani's if it did its immense size wasn't some sort of strange anomaly. It sounds incredible. Incredible but this wasn't the first time a giant reptile or lizard lived among humans. When the first people landed in Australia a sixty five thousand years ago they found the continent to be an exceedingly dangerous? Plays one of the apex predators of the landmass. US was the colossal meg. Alenia a venomous monitor Lizard. Set To be twenty to thirty feet. Long the Mega Negga Lania was not a true dinosaur. But a species of mega-fauna that lived during the Pleistocene era more commonly known as the Ice Age it shared the Australian Australian continent with predatory marsupial lions and giant die protons which were enormous ancestors to the wombat Megalomania now also referred to as the ripper lizard was the largest terrestrial lizard to have ever existed. It lived side by side with humans is in Australia for thousands of years until it went extinct. Approximately fifty thousand years ago. While this is clearly a prehistoric eric example it serves to illustrate the truly incredible creatures that have flourished alongside humans on this earth and other more recent stories revealed veiled similar seemingly impossible creatures have thrived right under humanities knows in nineteen o nine when explorer. We're an African big game hunter. Carl Hagenbeck published his autobiography beasts and men one particular story captured the public's attention in Rhodesia now modern day Zimbabwe something monstrous stock the shores of a remote lake. Whatever it was it it had to be big? It was snacking on hippos normally. The top of the African food chain stories had circulated around the area. Yeah for years about a creature. Living in the jungle that was supposedly half elephant and Half Dragon. The beast was aquatic back but could also walk on land had an incredibly long neck muscular tail and large horn on its head. Haagen Beck's speculated speculated that the Rhodesian animal must be some sort of living dinosaur most likely at type of Brontosaurus however he never located the animal himself and died a few years later of a snake bite but the story of the Half Elephant Half Dragon was widely disseminated. It'd soon more. Articles were published about dinosaurs discovered in others central and southern African nations like Zambia and the Congo Longo in one thousand nine hundred thirteen reports from Cameroon spoke of a similar creature to Haagen. Beck's the Mo- Kelly and Bambi as it was called was was terrorizing the jungle in two thousand one. A BBC film crew interviewed a tribe of Indigenous Bianca people in the Congo about the mckelway Mbemba. During the course of filming the crew showed the interviewees a field guide of known African in animals. The crew was surprised when many of the Bianca Interviewees pointed out the mckelway Ambi in the field guide the long necked necked single horned creature of legend was actually the African Rhino the documentary crew theorized that the stories about the creature Chur. We're really a mix of folklore and a cultural memory of the African Rhino which had lived in that area of the Congo hundreds of years before the tribes ancestors who remembered the Rhino had passed down a description of it through stories of the mckelway Embi. This story is a good good reminder that legends and myths sometimes have simple explanations and the Buru might also have a similar resolution was was it a real dinosaur. Living among the Tani's could it have been a cultural memory of another creature as with the mckelway am bay or was it something else entirely stone and is our themselves puzzled over other possible explanations for the animal for a while stone or theorized that the beasts may just have been swamp turtles but then realized that those turtles would be spotted leaving the marsh to lay eggs eggs another theory. They dismissed was that the valley was once home to giant long fish. These long ill like fish. Have fascinated fascinated scientists due to their unique characteristics. Like the Buro Lung Fish live in freshwater and can also be there. They have two who pairs of long tapered fins in the same place that land creatures would have their front and back legs however lung fish are much smaller within the monster. The described with the longest ever recorded being just over four feet long. In addition while ancient lung fish were wide ranging today there are only found in Africa South America and Australia stone and Izzard also considered the bureau may actually be sort of rare or extinct swamp crocodile. There is an animal that fits description called the mugger or Mersch Crocodile. It lives in southern Iran Pakistan and India. The Mugger crocodile dwells in marshes feeds on live birds fish and mammals and burrows into the dirt to hibernate during the winter dry season. The Mugger also has a long snout a powerful tail and short clawed feet that help it dig like a mole. It sounds strikingly similar to the Buru however charlestoncounty ask the opportunities about just this possibility. His interviewees we're familiar with the concept of crocodiles and alligators. Although many of them mm-hmm had never seen one they claim that the Buru was a completely different creature whilst owner believed them. It's still possible. They were mistaken after all. The upper tinies were isolated. The Buru could have been a misidentified crocodile since the Tani's were never confronted with the Mugger. Crocodiles away the Bianca were with the African Rhino. It's hard to be definitively sure that the Buru wasn't some ordinary ordinary already discovered creature in spite of these factors. It's possible even likely that booze are just ordinary animals like like mugger. Crocodiles over the years the stories of these crocodiles may of heightened them to mythic status among the appetite. And this is the tail they they related to Charleston owner. This would wrap the issue of neatly but the truth is there is only as much evidence for the Mugger. Crocodile feary as has any of the other ones we've discussed the Buru could be a myth a dinosaur or any other extinct creature or perhaps the species is still alive but well hidden from explorers awaiting discovery. Such things aren't unheard of in nineteen thirty. Ate a fisherman in South Africa pulled a sealer calf out of the ocean. Roughly sixty five million years after it was supposed to have gone extinct. A Seila camp is a bony fish. Many scientists refer to as a living fossil as before. It's nineteen thirty eight rediscovery. It was ought to have died out in the late Cretaceous period. This is just one example suggesting that it's perfectly possible for scientists and explorers Laura to have completely overlooked living species stonier and is our didn't just think the bureau was real. They bank their careers on this belief and the Buru wasn't the last legendary creature they sought to discover living in the real world in nineteen fifty. Four Rafe is art and Charles. Stone are reunited on a Daily Mail. Funded track through Nepal in search of the Yeti much like the brew Expedition Expedition. There were certain they would find evidence of the strange abominable snowman. In fact the impetus for the trip was was the discovery of a reported yet. He scowled at a monastery in the Nepalese village of Peng Gucci again like in the Buru investigation Asian they were unable to find any discernible proof of the ETI whilst donor examined the scalp and reported did belong to a type of junior abominable snowman. This claim was never substantiated in both the Buru and the abominable snowman expeditions storeowner and is art. Were perhaps to open to fantastic stories in the years since their expedition most reputable scientists and biologists have declared that it it is impossible for the Yeti to be roaming along the Himalayan ridges the strands of hair from the scalp. That stone brought to England for analysis. Were inconclusive -clusive. The footprints found in the snow were dismissed out of hand. Unfortunately with the Yeti it seemed like is art and stone excitement clouded their scientific judgment could the same thing have happened on their trek to find the Buru. It's possible is our came to his conclusion inclusion that the Buru existed due to the sunk cost fallacy. He'd invested so much time money and effort into the expedition that he couldn't accept that it all had been for nothing instead he preferred to believe that the animal was real but had gone extinct. This notion is just as possible as other popular theories like that still lives today hidden in the jungle or that it's a mythical spirit invented to explain unearth fossils or even that. The Buru is simply a mugger. Crocodile without proof off. Who are we to say? Perhaps one day soon with all the new technology we have at our disposal someone in modern day. India we'll stumble across evidence of Abreu until then it will stay in the realm of Himalayan myth where black tigers and fearsome awesome Yetis Rome. Thanks again again. For Tuning into unexplained mysteries. We'll be back Thursday with a new episode for more information on the nineteen forty eight expedition amongst the many sources we used we found. Rafe is arts. Book the hunt for the Buru extremely helpful to our research you can find. All episodes of unexplained unexplained mysteries and all other par- cast originals for free on spotify. Not only does spotify already. Have all of your favorite music. But now now spotify is making it easy for you to enjoy. All of your favorite park asked. Originals like unexplained mysteries for free from your phone desktop. We're smart speaker to stream unexplained mysteries on spotify. Just open the APP and type unexplained mysteries in the search bar and don't forget to follow all of us on facebook and Instagram at par cast and twitter at podcast network. We'll see you next time. See you next Thursday and remember never take no for an answer. Unexplained mysteries was created by Max Cutler is a production of cutler media. And in this part of the podcast network it is produced by Max and Ron Cutler. Sound design by Michael Lanes Ner with production assistance by Ron Shapiro and Joel Stein. Additional production assistance by Maggie admire and Freddie Backley. This episode was written by Molly Quinlan and stars Molly Brandenburg. Berg and Richard Rosner. Don't forget our most loyal companions are now the subject of a fantastic podcast original called dog tales. Every Monday dog tales shares inspirational true stories of courage service and unwavering sacrifice by our four legged. Canine friends search for dog tales in the spotify APP. And listen free today.
Not far, not far: in search of a story in remote north-east India
"South Asia correspondent Chevron Keanu is on assignment this week in a remote part of the state of Assam in northeast India. She sent her report from the middle of the jungle after a long day spent on the road, and I'm much is lit her. Take up the story from him. There are two words foreign correspondent in India doesn't want to hear not these denied or stop police or even know WI fi. The two words I don't like to hear a not far not far Osama's known for its sprawling tape. Plantations and diverse wildlife the jungle landscape feels very different from other parts of India. In fact, the state fingers Eastwood from the main chunk of India on the map and it's closer to the capitals of Bangladesh and Bhutan than Delhi. I can't tell you much about the story. I'm here for because it's still in the works. But let me describe where I'm staying I'm sleeping in a bungalow on stilts with a thatched roof and holes in the floor from which merge enough different species of insects to keep an into malicious occupied for a lifetime for underneath my mosquito. Nets night, I can hear deer birds, crickets, even the odd. Trumpeting elephant the shower is a bucket of cold water out the back and DAL and rice is on the menu for breakfast, lunch and dinner for this story I've been traveling each day to and from villages nearby. These villages a tiny a few petty fields and not much else. Everyone here is living hand to mouth eking out an existence from the soil, which they till with Kells that bid deep scar tissue from wooden yokes on their necks for a critical part of the story. I had to find a family that lived even. Further away, they were farmers to and the process of tracking them down was the craziest game of hide-and-seek. I've ever played it started with a car ride down a highway and onto ever bumpier roads. There were three local men along for the ride who all apparently had a different connection. That would help us find the family one of them warned the daily based cameramen, and I that he would have to be first to exit the car, and that we would only get out once he determined that. It was safe to do so between language barriers and lots of rapid communication. It was hard to work out why he feared for our safety. But they were too most likely reasons firstly remote parts of India have been beset by a wave of killings motivated by full swats at messages that drum up fear about child snatches. The message is referred to foreigners which in this part of the world can mean someone from a neighboring state never mind the other side of the world in a very Pol Pot. Out of Assam earlier this year to Indian men from out of ten will lynched the word lynching here refers to being brutally killed by a mob in this case with lodge wooden sticks and machetes Secondly, we were venturing into an area known for its long standing on separatist movement, some indigenous tribes in psalm have been waging war since the seventies. With more than thirty thousand people killed the conflict doesn't make the news these days, but the area is very much arrested one. And again, there was a risk that strange looking outsiders could be seen as a threat. Eventually we were all forced out of the car. Thanks to an impossible bamboo bridge that looked like it could barely take the weight of a cow Littler now. Hi vehicle we started to walk. The scenery was breathtaking with rivulets and bamboo thickets mountains in the distance and lush cascading petty fields in every direction. We didn't pass many people as the path thinned into livestock track. But we could hear a gathering in the distance and the sound of a drum beating which didn't exactly elicit my sense of curiosity so much as sense of deep for boating. We'd walk towards an outdoor timber where the members of a local tribe had gathered for worship they will colorfully dressed and the beautiful side. But our rival rudely interrupted they rituals. I got the distinct since that few if any of them had seen a toll what woman in utilitarian, hiking pants and boots in quite some time. If at all and the way they did a mite as well have had no pants and twenty heads. I did what I always do when I run out of ideas and gave them all a big smile and put my hands together with a cheery NAMA stay a greeting which was returned straightaway. By nearly all of them in chorus a small wiry man emerged from the group and started to chat with our three local guides. He wore green cloth around his legs. And wrinkles so deep around his eyes that I could barely make them out. Yes. He was pretty sure he knew where the family we were seeking leaves. And yes, he would take us there. How far was it from here not far he said not far? So off we tramped into the scrub off the beaten track which was already not much of a beaten track. So how far is it? Really? I asked one of the guys with us about two hundred meters. Okay. Good. Well, in that case, it doesn't matter that I left all my water in the car because this won't take long. About a kilometre lighter. We was still trekking taking in the increasingly beautiful scenery. But also feeling weary. Thanks to the blazing midday sun and ninety percent, humidity never mind a guide had us on the right track. Even better he knew a shortcut, not far not far the not very much of a beaten track via Dov straight through someone's field. Pretty soon. How journey had become a game of snakes and lettuce through People's Front yards and vegetable gardens I walked under a shelter that had what looked like two bulging writhing hammocks hanging from its roof. I could make thousands of tiny jittery movements inside the big cloth sacks. And hear a crunchy readily sound muffled by the fabric, the local guys took much delight in showing us. What was inside something similar to sue qualms, but much bigger and shinier they were all happily munching away on a huge stash of leaves, which I gathered were from a plant that was a legal too. Grow, but yielded useful fibre for cloth. Making when cultivated with the help of the hungry worms the Williams tasted good fried to. I was told mister not far led the way on woods through the thickets and fields. And I began to really regret. My stupid decision. Not to bring a water bottle or a packed lunch. These are the kind of journeys when the best and worst thing foreign correspondent in a place. Like, India come together, the sights and sounds make you head swivel and your senses explode. No two days of the same. And not even the next five minutes at predictable. But there is plenty of sickness and swish and hunger and fatigue and uncertainty and moments of fear and fled out exhaustion that can make you wonder whether perhaps it would have been easier to join the army, but there is one thing that you rely on most to get you to the end of these types of journeys, the ones that feel a bit like falling down the rabbit hole. The kindness of strangers. Mr. not far for whom a kilometers long trek through jungle and farmland is probably just another day at the office. Did know exactly where he was going all along an app from around one particularly dense bamboo thicket the merge the size of a mud hut and a few chickens. We'd found family farmers. And we regret it with big warm smiles at a steel kettle full of the local moonshine will rice beer. This is Sean Haney reporting from a mud hut at the end of the path just up from the ricefields not far from the cow track. In the forests of us. I'm in northeast, India correspondents report.
S12: Creatures & Cryptids: The Buru Pt. 2
"In This episode is brought to you by hub spot is your content management system holding you back managing your website doesn't have to be complex with seamus hub. You can move quickly grow your business and deliver a great customer experience all from one platform learn more about cms hub at hubs spot dot com slash spotify. The Tommy Warrior had been tracking a singer an Indian deer through the muddy swamp all day. After hours of hearing nothing but lapping water and his own heavy footsteps he was surprised when suddenly something started snuffing noisily in the muck. Pulling aside a mat of reads he and covered a small reptilian creature with a long neck scratching at the ground looking for food. It was a newborn Buru and it was alone with barely thought the warrior plunged his spear, the creature's belly. There was no need to hunt the Baras singer now it found dinner. Later that night after the warrior returned home with the young brewers body. He began to hear strange noises coming from outside splashes and the animal cries. Without warning the entire building started to shake the warrior, grabbed his spear and ran to the door outside a giant Buru with sharp fangs whipped. It's powerful tail into the supports that held up the house. It was the baby's mother. Back for her revenge according to opera tiny legend the mother Buru viciously yanked the warrior and his home into the depths of the murky swamp never to be seen again. But was this a true account of the boroughs behavior or was the whole tail and the Buru itself just another story. Welcome to unexplained mysteries apart cast original I'm your host Molly and I'm your host Richard in life. There's so much. We don't know. But in this show, we don't take no for an answer every Thursday, we investigate the greatest mysteries of history and life on earth. You can find episodes of unexplained mysteries and all other podcast originals for free on spotify over ever you listen to podcasts to stream unexplained mysteries for. Free on spotify, just open the APP and type unexplained mysteries in the search bar at podcast. We're grateful for you our listeners. You'll allow us to do what we love. Let us know how doing reach out on facebook and Instagram at podcast and twitter at podcast network, and if you enjoy today's episode, the best way you can help us is to leave a five star review wherever you're listening it really does help. This is our final episode on the Baru giant mysterious reptile said to lurk in the swamps of Assam India. In nineteen forty, eight zoologist charlestoncounty journalist. Rafe is ARD and cameraman. Frank Hodgkinson led an expedition deep into the northern Indian jungle in search of the obscure creature. Last week, we followed the expedition through the mountainous jungle to find really valley the rumored home of the Buru. While they didn't find the animal in Rio, they hoped that it's still lived in some other unexplored valley. This week will explore the evidence the expedition collected and try to uncover the truth behind the legend of the Blue Rue. Did. They ever really dwell in real valley and could it still be living in India Today? Charles. Breif is ARD and Frank Hodgkinson spent weeks in Reload Valley India waiting for the Buru to appear. But by late May of nineteen, forty eight, there was still no sign of the creature they had no choice but to leave or risk being stranded without supplies during the rainy season. Even as they departed real low in defeat Rafe is art was already planning away to salvage his story. He hoped they could journey to the nearby zero. were ancient brew bones were supposedly buried. But by the time they made it back to the city of Shillong at the end of May their story had beaten them there. Perhaps a DAFA porter had been talking or someone had leaked the expedition details back in April before they even left civilization. Either way they'd been scooped the exclusive Bruce Story was supposed to bring back for the Daily Mail was already in competing papers on May fifth while the expedition was still in real. Oh, the Hindustan Times ran an article about rumors of a giant dinosaur lizard eating treetops in Assam. Soon more hearsay was published. One journalists claim that the creature was related to the abominable snowman of the Upper Himalayas. Before long stories of the fearsome guru caused a panic. Tea Planters hired armed guards to patrol their fields and protect their crops from marauding swamp lizards. The Assam Rifles Specialized Task Force of the Indian army was dispatched to the edges of the jungle journalists and adventure seekers alike flooded into. Hoping to mount their own expeditions to bring the Buru out of hiding. But in nineteen, forty, eight in the face of all this attention stonier is art and Hodgkinson couldn't help but feel like failures. The mystery reptile had eluded them, and now there was a chance someone else could find at first despite all this Rafe is art was still optimistic. Even. Though they hadn't found any brews in Realo he was certain that the creatures had existed at some point perhaps even recently in the awesome me's back country izard offered the following theory our verdict after much thought was that there is no longer a buru at realo but that one probably existed there until quite recent times until long after the boroughs of the appetite tradition had been killed off he went on to say the boroughs of Realo in fact may have existed until the time when the doff La's I began cultivating the jungle covered sides of the swamp say ten years ago. Wants the surrounding mountainsides had been cleared of water holding trees the process of silting up within the swap itself would be vastly accelerated and this may have denied the Baru. Any possibility of further existence basically is are believed Duff Lewis Deforestation of the hillsides and draining of the swamp had destroyed the booze habitat. The area was no longer able to flood as it used to during the rainy season and the beasts were forced to leave or perish. The data flows of realo claim that they'd seen the animals basking in the water during sunny days in years before is ARD. Surmised that they must've seemed the creatures in the early years before all the trees were gone and just took for granted that they still lived in the marsh. Everyone knew the summer rains brought out the boroughs so they continued to believe they were living in the valley it wasn't until the expedition. Came, looking for them that the doff La's realized at the Burros had been driven off or died out due to habitat destruction Jam Jar, a traveling Dafa leader and the daffodils appointed government representative weighed in on the issue according to him. The Lewis had not seen a borough during nineteen, forty eight or possibly any recent year if any boroughs had been in Rio Valley they were gone now but maybe they were still thriving where. At the end of his book, the hunt for the Buru is ARD expressed his desire to go on another expedition in search of the animal. He spoke about trekking from Realo valley through the jungle back to zero valley where the Tani's lived is art still believed that he could find the creature or at least some trace of it in one of the many small swamps and marshes dotting the landscape. He hoped to finally meet the appetite himself and perhaps exhume the four buro burial sites scattered around Zero Valley. Alas. This track was never to be there's not an official explanation as to why is our never traveled to the appetite he's or attempted to explore the area between zero and Realo. After he published the hunt for the Buru in nineteen fifty one. Is Our doesn't seem to have published another word on the subject at all most likely is our couldn't secure any financial backing for another trip. The daily. Mail funded the nineteen forty eight excursion with no real results. Not only that they'd been scooped, the Hindustan Times started publishing verified reports about the Buru before is art was even back from the jungle without the support of his employer. was never able to return to the jungles of Assam to find the beast, but maybe there was nothing for him to find. In the months after his expedition dozens more explorers and journalists out from she long spurred by the reports in the Hindustan, times of giant lizards stocking the Himalayan ridges. These intrepid reporters and scientists ranged across Assam trying to find the ru not one was successful much like the initial expedition. No other explorers were able to find any evidence of the Baru in Assam. Did it ever exist based on hard evidence probably not. Stonier is our an Hodgkinson never found alive. Buru they also never found bones skin dengue or any other indicators of an undiscovered reptile living in the marshes of Assam as for the other swam studying the landscape between zero and realize, Oh, no formal expeditions have ever been sent to explore them. It certainly seems that the Buru if it ever. Does not live in Assam today. And it's difficult to take is arts thing that the beast once lived and then when extinct at face value when absolutely, no evidence of the creature has ever been found, but we can't definitively say that the Buru never existed at all. The BOO was an integral part of the EPA tiny's oral tradition for generations before Charles Stone or ever heard of it, which brings us to a new possibility. If the Buru didn't exist something had to inspire these stories. Even, if it was just an expression of old legends and cultural anxieties, what if instead of a real creature? The Buru was something more mythical. Next. We'll dive deeper into the lore surrounding the Buru of Assam. This episode is brought to you by spot. You have a lot of great ideas ideas to reach new audiences, create better content and improve your systems, and you understand that you need to move quickly on these ideas to create the best possible experience for your customers and grow your business. So it's time to leave that clunky complex and time-consuming cms in the past where it belongs and upgrade to cms hub no more waiting days for an update. Feeling like your site is outdated or worrying about security cms hub from hub spot has all the features you need built right in. So developers and marketers can work in harmony. So if your next great idea involves having an engaging dynamic and secure website, let's cms hub take the pain out of managing your software. So you can get back to what you do best wowing your customers learn more about cms hub at hub spot, dot, com slash spotify. Now back to the story. After a failed expedition in nineteen, forty eight to find the elusive Buru journalist Rafe is ard was still confident that the creature might live in the Dank John of Assam but is ARD was too caught up in his own hopes to take a look at the bigger picture. There was another much more plausible answer. The buro was Ali tiny legend that his imagination had brought to life what set many of the indigenous tribes, in Assam, apart from one another where the distinctive cultures and belief systems. Groups like the paraic tiny's and doff. La's all lived in the same area of India. But had their own entirely unique ways of life art and social structure. As we mentioned last week, the Patani is of zero visually where bewers were said to roam long ago were incredibly isolated. Zero Valley is ringed on all sides by a range of Himalayan peaks. The Tani's therefore have a special relationship with the land and have historically practiced conservationist agriculture due to careful consideration in their cultivation practices, they were able to live off the bounty of the valley without the need for outside goods save for. Occasional trading with the nomadic. Dafa 's the opera. Tiny's rarely laugh zero. Visually when stone visited them is are noted those they are in India many have never seen an Indian let alone a white man the tribespeople stone spoke to hadn't even heard of Mahatma Gandhi who'd helped lead India to its independence just a year before in nineteen, forty seven. All of this means that with no outside influence or knowledge the Tani's stories of a legendary swamp monster could have taken on a life of their own over time. Later generations came to believe that the Brewers of myth were actually real. But then there's the question of where those tales came from. Initially, we can try to answer this by comparing their oral traditions to those of other valleys like zero, which are scattered throughout northern Assam many have swamped and deep pools each with their own mythological significance. In his research is found that some of the other local tribes had legends and stories about particular pools. Many were said to be the dwellings of spirits on their expedition to reload valley many of the local dopplers elected to get close to certain grotto's in pools of water near the swamp. They told the expedition that they were homes to evil and vengeful supernatural beings who would punish them for trespassing. The spirits that were said to live in the pools and marshes were often formless non-core portrayal entities. They were not tangible solid creatures large heavy, physically imposing gurus bore little in common with these sorts of spirits, but the idea of magical water dwellers may have combined with other legends those of dragons. The Buru certainly fit some descriptions of dragons. They were giant Reptilian creatures with incredible strength. They were intelligent and could enact vengeance like in the story of the mother Buru pulling the Warriors House down after he killed her baby while they didn't fly according to the Tani's they were able to magically survive buried deep under the swamp for the dry season. Then Gurus emerged like springtime flowers when the rains came once more. The Dragon Myth has appeared in many cultures around the world stories of these creatures are part of the cultural fabric of China England Scandinavia and the Middle East. that. The archetype crosses into so many distinct cultures is remarkable. Dragons of flown across borders through language barriers and into books worldwide, but they've never existed. So why is it that they're so universal there are two prevailing schools of thought when it comes to the pervasive nature of the Dragon Myth. The first according to anthropologist David e Jones is that the dragon sprang from humanity's shared instinctive fear of snakes. Argues that the sphere morphed over time into the stories of violent monstrous dragons perhaps the origin of the Burros was to this. It was a magical creature inspired by real danger. The opportunities forefathers had to face swamps in India are known for varied in dangerous ripped Ilian fauna, including snakes and crocodiles. The other argument made by historian, Adrian May or in her book the first fossil hunters is that fossils have influenced draconic myths. Humans made up dragging stories to explain the preserved bones of dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals that they uncovered. The term dinosaur wasn't even coined until eighteen, forty two but humans discovered fossils for generations before that a giant powerful supernatural creature like dragon would be a good explanation for the massive bones that early explorers found whichever explanation you believe for thousands of years humans thought the dragons existed. The stories were repeated so often and woven. So tightly into cultural memory that dragons were at times thought to be real creatures all over the world the Buru could be a microcosm of the Dragon Myth there was a precedent in the area for tales of supernatural swamp creatures with powers the evil spirits in the pools, the Tani's may have come up with their own type of water spirit. This one however was a scaly powerful vengeful monster. The Buru combined features of fearful reptiles with the magical aspects of musical water sprites and their legendary creature must've seemed unquestionably real when tiny's unearth bones that perfectly matched the monster from their stories. In Zero Valley the appetite showed zoologist Charles stoner four different sites where they claimed gurus were buried but stone or never actually doug the mounts up. The Upper Tani's wouldn't let him desecrate the graves and no weather expedition was mounted to check what was buried there. There's new telling what was actually under the mounds. Could it have been dinosaur bones, bison skeletons or nothing at all? Unfortunately, we don't know because stone her didn't know and in the years since his expedition, there's been no report of any one excavating the burial sites in reload valley without some kind of hard physical evidence debris ru contrary. Well, have been a mythical beast that stone or mistook for a real animal. This argument while very convincing is not without its flaws. In his book the hunt for the Buro is art related how stone her was certain that the brew had to be a real animal convinced the Tanis and Dafa descriptions that this had to be the case he dismissed any notion it was a legendary beast. Stonier was a nationally recognized zoologist ethnologist with a specialty in the Assam region. Is Art had been a journalist for almost seventeen years at the time he went on the nineteen forty eight expedition with their combined experience. They were gifted at parsing out facts from fiction. And they were convinced that the opportunities didn't believe the Baru was a spirit. Instead they maintain that it was a normal living creature as. Well. As the buffalo that wandered through their valley, there was compelling circumstantial evidence that pointed to the beast's existence. For one thing, the Upper Taiz weren't the only people who claim to have seen it. Ten Years Before the Expedition Dafa. Moved into Real Oh valley. Fifty miles away realo is incredibly similar to Zero Valley in terms of deposit affi. Like zero realo low was filled with a massive swamp when the dafkos arrived the daffodils claimed that they found creatures living in the marshes that they to call booze. Their description of these animals was surprisingly similar to the swamp monsters of zero valley complete with long necks and tails horse cries and ripped Ilian bodies. Even, though the expedition was unable to find evidence of bureaus in Real Valley. The Dafa. Were adamant that they'd once they're. They claimed they were often seen during their first few years in the Valley when the DAFA cultivated the hilltops overlooking the water while they hadn't spotted. Boo in the past year they still believe the animals lived in the valley. It was a fact of life in Rio, a marker of the changing seasons like the bamboo growing in spring or the rain's coming in April. Burros. Were not a legendary beasts to the DOFF LA's. Having been in the valley no longer than a decade they didn't have enough time to establish pass down and traditions of A. The way the tiny's had, this is perhaps one of the greatest pieces of evidence in favor of the existence of the Buru it's unlikely that the DAFA is simply invented the creature out of thin air and with the EPA Tani's being so isolated it's hard to believe that their story spread fifty miles to Realo even if it did is improbable that the Daphne then took it on faith that boost lived in their swamp to without ever seeing one. To add to this evidence, there are tales of other almost identical creatures floating around the Indian subcontinent. Two thousand miles away from Realo valley in the north western Indian state of Gujarat. There is an area called gear. National Park. This forested land is home to Asia, attic lions, leopards. Wild Boars, crocodiles, and monitor lizards. In the early twentieth century, it was rumored to be home to another legendary giant reptile. That you're of gear. It was supposedly a lizard that was twenty feet long semi automatic and shared. It's marshland habitat with saltwater crocodiles. It is also never been found. The similarities between the Juror of. And Buru are startling. They hail from opposite sides of. But. Sound like the exact same beast. They are both giant reptiles with four legs that lurk in Indian swamps. Inspired people an entire subcontinent way to tell stories of creature that bears a striking similarity to the Buru. It's unlikely that the same legend spontaneously sprang up across multiple unrelated cultures with barely any contact. Therefore, it's very hard to say that the Buru was a completely mythical animal. While, there are a lot of convincing points for this theory. Stonier is are the Tani's the Duffala all thought the creature was real. And maybe it was perhaps the tiny's didn't come up with a guru after discovering long fossilized dinosaur bones. Maybe, those bones were much more recent instead of a fantastical dragon perhaps booze were a very real dinosaur that terrorized some well into the modern age. Coming up, we'll find out which terrifying creatures could have been stocking the dark Himalayan, jungles now back to the story. The buro is still an enigma today over fifty years after an expeditions set out into the jungle to find it. According to journalist Rafe is ard the Buro was a real creature that simply went extinct shortly before they could find it. Others believe that the Buruah never really existed at all and was actually a mythological creature. According to this theory, the boo was a folk tale. The charlestoncounty and Rafe is ARD mistook for a real animal. So did this giant reptile creature really live among the doff La's and the Chinese if it did its immense size wasn't some sort of strange anomaly. It sounds incredible. But this wasn't the first time, a giant reptile or lizard lived among humans. When the first people landed in Australia. Sixty five, thousand years ago. They found the continent to be an exceedingly dangerous place. One of the apex predators. Landmass was the colossal Meg Alenia a venomous monitor Lizard set to be twenty to thirty feet long. The MEGALOMANIA. Was Not a true dinosaur but a species of mega-fauna that lived during the Pleistocene era more commonly known as the ice. Age It shared the Australian continent with predatory marsupial lions and giant dipoto protons, which were enormous ancestors to the wombat. Megalomania also referred to as the ripper lizard was the largest terrestrial lizard to have ever existed. It lived side by side with humans in Australia for thousands of years until it went extinct approximately fifty thousand years ago. Well this is clearly a prehistoric example, it serves to illustrate the truly incredible creatures that have flourished alongside humans on this earth. And other more recent stories revealed at similar seemingly impossible creatures have thrived right under humanities knows. In nineteen o nine when explorer and African Big Game Hunter Carl Hagenbeck published his autobiography beasts and men one particular story captured the public's attention in Rhodesia now modern day Zimbabwe something monstrous stock the shores of a remote lake whatever it was it had to be big. It was snacking on hippos normally the top of the African food chain. Stories had circulated around the area for years about a creature living in the jungle supposedly half elephant and Half Dragon. The beast was aquatic but could also walk on land had an incredibly long neck muscular tail and a large horn on its head Hagenbeck speculated that the Rhodesian animal must be some sort of living dinosaur most likely type of Brontosaurus however, he never located the animal himself and died a few years later of a snake bite. But. The story of the Half Elephant Half Dragon was widely disseminated soon, more articles were published about dinosaurs discovered in other central and southern African nations like Zambia and the Congo in nineteen thirteen reports. From Cameroon, spoke of a similar creature Haagen Bex, the Mo- Kelly Embi as it was called was terrorizing the jungle. In two thousand, one, a BBC film crew interviewed a tribe of Indigenous Bianca people in the Congo about the mckelway am Bambi. During the course of filming the crew showed the interviewees, a field guide of known African animals. The crew was surprised when many of the Bianca Interviewees pointed out the mckelway and Bambi in the field guide. The long necked single horned creature of Legend was actually the African Rhino. The documentary crew theorized that the stories about the creature were really a mix of folklore and a cultural memory of the African Rhino which had lived in that area of the Congo hundreds of years before. The tribes ancestors who remembered the Rhino had passed down a description of it through stories of the immo Kelly Embi. This story is a good reminder that legends and myths sometimes have simple explanations and the room might also have a similar resolution. Was it a real dinosaur living among the Chinese. Could. It have been a cultural memory of another creature as with themo Kelly and Bombay or was it something else? Entirely? stunner and is our themselves puzzled over other possible explanations for the animal for awhile. Stonier theorized that the beasts may just have been swamped turtles but then realize that those turtles would be spotted leaving the marsh to lay eggs. Another theory they dismissed was that the valley was once home to giant long fish these long ill like fish have fascinated scientists due to their unique characteristics like the buru lung fish live in freshwater and can also be there. They have two pairs of long tapered fins in the same place that land creatures would have their front and back legs. However, lung fish are much smaller than the monster the is described with the longest. Being just over four feet long. In addition while ancient fish were wide ranging today, there are only found in Africa, South America and Australia. Stone and Izzard also considered that the Baru may actually be a sort of rare or extinct swamp crocodile. There is an animal that fits its description called the mugger or marsh crocodile it lives in southern Iran, Pakistan and India. The Mugger crocodile dwells in marshes feeds on live birds, fish and mammals, and burrows into the to hibernate during the winter dry season. The Mugger also has a long snout, a powerful tail and short clawed feet that help dig like a mole. It sounds strikingly similar to the Buruh however, Charleston owner asked the Tani's about just this possibility. His interviewees were familiar with the concept of crocodiles and alligators although many of them had never seen one they claim that the guru was a completely different creature whilst donor believed them it's still possible they were mistaken after all the upper Tani's were isolated. The Buru could have been misidentified crocodile since the opportunities were never. Confronted with the Mugger crocodiles away the Bianca were with the African Rhino. It's hard to be definitively sure that the Buru wasn't some ordinary already discovered creature. In spite of these factors, it's possible even likely that Burros are just ordinary animals like mugger crocodiles over the years. The stories of these crocodiles may have heightened them to mythic status among the appetite he's and this is the tail they related to Charleston her. This would wrap the issue of neatly but the truth is there is only as much evidence for the Mugger crocodile theory as any of the other ones we've discussed. The Baru could be a myth, a dinosaur or any other extinct creature. Or perhaps the species is still alive but well hidden from explorers and awaiting discovery such things aren't unheard-of in one, thousand, nine, hundred, thirty, eight, a fisherman in South Africa pulled a Seila camp out of the ocean roughly sixty, five, million years after it was supposed to have gone extinct a Seila can't is a bony fish. Many scientists refer to as a living fossil as before it's nineteen thirty, eight rediscovery it was thought to have died out in the late. Cretaceous period. This is just one example suggesting that it's perfectly possible for scientists and explorers to have completely overlooked a living species. Donor and is our didn't just think the bureau was real. They bank their careers on this belief and the Buru wasn't the last legendary creature. They sought to discover living in the real world in nineteen fifty, four Rafe is art and Charles are reunited on a Daily Mail funded track through Nepal in search of the Yeti much like the Buru expedition they were certain. They would find evidence of the strange abominable snowman in fact the. Impetus for the trip was the discovery of a reported YETI SCALP at a monastery in the Nepalese village of Peng Gucci. Again, like in the investigation, they were unable to find any discernible proof of the ETI whilst owner examined the scalp and reported it did belong to a type of junior abominable snowman. This claim was never substantiated in both the Buru and the abominable Snowman Expeditions Stonier and is art were perhaps too open to fantastic stories. In the years since their expedition most reputable scientists and biologists have declared that it is impossible for the Yeti to be roaming along the Himalayan ridges, the strands of hair from the scalp that's donor brought to England for analysis were inconclusive. The footprints he found in the snow were dismissed out of hand. Unfortunately. With the Yeti, it seemed like is art and donors excitement clouded their scientific judgment. Could the same thing have happened on their trek to find the Buru? It's possible is our came to his conclusion that the boo existed due to the sunk cost fallacy. He'd invested so much time money and effort into the expedition that he couldn't accept that it all had been for nothing. Instead, he preferred to believe that the animal was real but had gone extinct. This notion is just as possible as other popular theories like that. The Bruce still lives today hidden in the jungle or. Spirit invented to explain unearth fossils. Or even that the Buru is simply a mugger crocodile. Without proof who are we to say? Perhaps one day soon with all the new technology we have at our disposal someone in modern. Day. India will stumble across evidence of Abreu. Until then it will stay in the realm of Himalayan myth where black tigers and fearsome Yetis Rome. Thanks again for tuning into unexplained mysteries, we'll be back Thursday with a new episode for more information on the nineteen forty, eight expedition amongst the many sources we used we found. Rafe is arts book the hunt for the Buru extremely helpful to our research. You can find all episodes of unexplained mysteries and all other podcast originals for free on spotify not only does spotify already have all of your favorite music but now spotify. Is Making it easy for you to enjoy all of your favorite podcast originals like unexplained mysteries for free from your phone desktop or smart speaker to stream unexplained mysteries on spotify just the APP and type unexplained mysteries in the search bar and don't forget to follow us on facebook and Instagram at par cast and twitter at podcast network. We'll see you next time CNN Thursday and remember never take. We don't no for an answer. Unexplained. Mysteries was created by Max Cutler is a production of cutler media and as part of the podcast network, it is produced by Max and Ron Cutler sound design by Michael Lang's ner with production assistance by Ron Shapiro and Joel Stein, additional production assistance by Maggie admire and Freddie Backley. This episode was written by Molly Quinlan Stars, Molly Brandenburg and Richard Rosner.
America the Beautiful Again by Richard Blanco
"America the beautiful again written and read by Richard Blanco how I've said. Oh beautiful. Like Assam at Church with my mother her Cuban accent scaling up every vowel O B who defoe? Yet imperfect picked delicate in tune to the radiant beams a stained glass light. How she taught me to fix my eyes and the crucifix as we sing our thanks to our savior for this country that saved us our voices hymns as passionate as the organ hyping toward the very heavens. How I sang for space sky. Closer to the skies while personal, my father's son beat shoulders towering above our first fourth of July parade how the timber through our bodies mingled breathing singing as one with the brass notes the marching band playing the only song he ever learned in English. How I dared to sing it at assembly with my teenage voice cracking for I remember wait of grain. That I'd never seen nor the Purple Mountain Majesties but could imagine them each verse rising from my gut every exclamation of praise I built it out until my throat, hurt. Rick and again RICCA. How I began to read each doubt God. It's still wished for God to shed. His, grace on the. And crown good. With Brotherhood. How I still want to sing. Despite all the truth of our wars are gunshots ringing louder than our school bells. Are Politicians smiling. Is. At the make. The deadlock are divided voices shouting over each other instead of. Singing together. How I want to sing again. Beautiful or not. Just to be in harmony from sea to shining sea. With the only country. I Know Enough To know. How to sing for.
#963 Jesus Delivers us from Death (Psalm 89:48)
"Pre The word with David Platt is sourced from radical dot net Saum chapter eighty nine verse. Forty eight what man can live and never see death who can deliver his soul from the power of she'll oh what a powerful pair of questions as reminder. We are praying each day in these pray. The word episodes for specific needs that people send in through radical dot net slash prayer requests. If you have things you want to send in Just go to radical dot net slash requests. Put Your name right there specific ways we can be praying for you. Your family your church People around you and actually I want to do something a little bit different today. I WanNa pull together just different prayer requests that I've seen into one specifically people just wanting to pray for family members and friends who don't have faith in Jesus right now who don't know eternal life in Jesus that God would use circumstances this crisis to open their eyes to the inevitability of death and the beauty of eternal life in Jesus something I'm just been burden to pray for continually in my time alone with the Lord each Sunday is. I'm preaching pleading that God would use this temporary pandemic to bring about eternal peace in many people's hearts and that's why I'm just drawn Assam chapter eighty nine. I forty eight. What man can live and never see death? What a poignant question and so appropriate so at the goal when when we're in the middle of a pandemic of virus spreading that we haven't figured out how to stop where we're all reminded of the fragility of life and the inevitability of death what man can live and never see death and the is obvious. No one no one death will come to. All of us must use comes back. I death will come to all of us. So who can deliver his soul from the power? She'll and the picture is no man can do that but there is one who can do that. The God man Jesus. This is the essence of the Gospel. That we love. If you haven't trusted in Jesus I just want to encourage you with this news today. That death has been conquered by one. Jesus died on the Cross for your sins for my sense. He rose from the grave in victory over death so that all who turn from their sin and trust in Jesus will be forgiven of all their sin and reconciled relationship with God for eternal life. Just pure John. Three sixteen God so loved the world that he gave his one and only son that whoever believes in him will never perish but have everlasting life. Psalm eighty nine forty eight. Who can deliver his soul from the power of she'll know person can in and of themselves but Jesus can he can deliver you and me from death which means we have the greatest news in the world to share. During these days to tell people in a scene where we're reminded of the fragility of life and the inevitability of death that there is one whose conquer death and eternal life is possible through him. So I just want to lead us right now to pray for somebody in your life who doesn't know Jesus and just want you to bring them to your mind right now and we're just gonNA lift them up and out in an invite you if it's appropriate to say their name out loud in a minute and for us just to intercede together for individuals by name who we know. Don't know Jesus so let's just pray right now dear God we pray for just lift up names of people right now who you know. Don't have a relationship with Jesus. Miss lift their names up right now on your heart. Maybe speak out got relive these names to you. There's so many names floating through my mind right now. God We pray for all these people that we are lifting before you're thrown right now. Not One of them. Ken Escape Death. Like maybe maybe they can escape this virus but not one of them can escape death and some may succumb to death because of this virus so God re pray. We plead right now for. There's how can we pray that you would deliver their souls from the power of death through faith in Jesus God please do it he got. Please give us boldness to share the Gospel with these people even today to give them a call cinema text write them a note email however got to communicate to them the greatest news in the world gallery. Pray that you would open their eyes their hearts to see your love for them that you have sent your son to die on a cross for them to they don't have to perish but have eternal life. God please please please. Draw PEOPLE TO SALVATION IN CHRIST. Please bring eternal peace in the middle of the temporary pandemic and help us help us to be bold with the Gospel Compassionate with the Gospel Not afraid to share the gospel. Help us to proclaim this news. Like it's the greatest news in the world because it is so that people souls might be delivered psalm. Eighty nine verse forty eight from the power of death. Police may be so we. Pray for these people that we've lifted up to you. We brave for them in. Jesus name Amen.
Stonewall 50: Pride, Progress, and the Future Fight for LGBTQ+ Rights
At stake, chips: Japan-South Korea trade spat
"<music> hello and welcome to the intelligence on economist radio. I'm your host Jason Palmer. Every weekday we provide a fresh perspective on the events shaping your world India's Hindu nationalist government is on a mission in the state of Assam. It's declared four million people overwhelmingly Muslims to be illegal immigrants. It's like in them to termites and his planning ten new detention Dan centers that drives just kind of sectarian division that benefits the ruling party and it's true that on average Americans work longer hours than their European counterparts but it wasn't always this way so why I have transatlantic times of Toil and diverging for forty years I up though they are neighbors who share a friendship with America but not with each other political tensions between Japan and South Korea date back well over a century but recently the relationship has deteriorated sharply at the beginning of the month Prime Minister Shinzo Abay Limited South Korea's access to Japanese chemicals that are essential to its semiconductor industry South Korea manufacturers sixty percent of the global supply of memory chips so the embargo threatens the world market for phones computers in just about every other kind of electronic gizmo Mr Obama's decision. There's the hallmarks of trade approach adopted by President Donald Trump the rules it seems are changing eroding established global norms that have prevented trade disputes from spiraling out of control so Japan on on July fourth began to restrict supplies of three different industrial chemicals to to South Korea Simon Rabinovich is our Asia economics editor the chemicals San Relatively obscure but they're actually critical T._v.. Manufacturer of semiconductors and smartphones more generally and this is significant because Japan produces roughly ninety percent of the global supply of these three different chemicals so crean intern produces about sixty percent of the world supply of memory chips using these chemicals and these memory chips go into everything from smartphones to computers to virtually any electronic device that you can think of so it's it's a regional trade dispute view but it's one that has serious global consequences and how has this spat come about. There is a long history to it. <hes> Japan was the colonial occupier of South Korea in the first half the twentieth century that all kinds of nasty things then including using South Korean <hes> so-called comfort women effectively as sex slaves for its military another part of of the colonial rule was forced. I wartime labor now that is at the heart of the current dispute because late last year <hes> the South Korean Supreme Court ruled that Koreans could seek punitive damages from Japanese companies now that incense Japan because Japan believe that under the terms of a nineteen sixty five agreement they had effectively resolved the dispute and there wouldn't be any any further. I reparation claims since then. There's been a downward spiral real between the two countries. There's even been a little bit of military provocation between them. When South Korean ship locked it's radar onto a Japanese surveillance plane and then in the midst of all that Japan came out with this announcement of of the export restrictions and that has really angered and worried South Korea South Korean businesses are talking about organizing boycotts of Japanese goods at Japan is intimating that might widen the export restrictions <hes> from the three chemicals to as many as eight hundred fifty different products and is talking about the idea that South Korea might not be reliable trading partner? I'm so it's it's got the potential to to really become a very nasty dispute. This strong-armed way of tackling trade issues has echoes of the way Donald Trump has been throwing around neutrals. Do you think the way he's been acting has any influence here. I think it does just the general mood is very different from what it was a few years years ago. Trump has been threatening facto South Korea and Japan with tariffs goal is to reduce our trade deficit with Japan remove trade barriers and barriers of all kinds so that U._S. exports will really have a fair fair and very profound footing so the idea of using trade as as a tool in political disputes says something which I wouldn't say it's been legitimized by trump but it certainly been normalized or it's becoming normalized a second can point is the way in which Japan is hitting out at South Korea is by identifying products where South Korean companies rely on Japanese suppliers and therefore weaponising its supply chain. That's something which of course America has done vis-a-vis vis-a-vis China <hes> with the way I against the e and more recently gets hallway threatened to choke off supplies of key products to them. Japan has not yet cited national security as justification for what it's doing against South Korea. Korea but it seems to be laying the groundwork for that now. Japan's been very careful to say that these are not outright export blocks. It's more just slowing the process by which South Korea would obtain these products wchs so they're clearly concerned about the potential for South Korea to challenge these these restrictions but the way in which they're doing them it certainly does carry echoes with trump's approach to trade so are there other countries using this tactic this this sort of <hes> well using trade rules for political ends weaponized Amethi like so the indication of national security and trade disputes is something that it is is beginning to happen. There was a W._T._o.. Dispute a couple of months ago between Russia and Ukraine over Russian trade restrictions and Russia cited national security for that the bigger picture is that these kinds of trade dispute really begin to tear it the fabric of the international trading trading system. The trading system is predicated on deeply integrated supply chains especially at the regional level so what's happening between South Korea. Japan has knock on consequences for the entire global tech sector her now. It's still very early so we're we're not seeing much in the way of negative follow yet but if it persists potential how paralysis in terms of the supply of memory chips which then will limit the supply of everything from smartphones to laptops talks starts quite serious and in terms of the norms of the way that trade operates the cavalier way in which countries would site national security is a risk willingness to weaponize supply chains all that tears against the fabric fabric of of the global trading system so it is very worrisome so how then to to solve this dispute between two countries that share such bad blood well thankfully the Global Trading System is not dad just yet the W._T._o.. Is still does exist in Japan and South Korea will be taking their case to the W._T._o.. General Counsel which is meeting <hes> July twenty third in twenty four th the the layout their arguments that could be the first step towards a formal W._T._o.. W._T._O.. Case or perhaps to some kind of W._T._o.. Govern mediation so the good news is that they're still is enough of the existing global trading system to hopefully de escalate this dispute. There's still room mm for cooler heads prevail and the bad news is that that the the negative practices that we've seen over the past couple years they do seem to be spreading so whether that old system can actually hold on and play that kind of calming role all is something that I think we very much in question as this dispute goes on Simon. Thank you very much for joining us. Thank you Jason. Uh India's Hindu nationalist government is on the hunt for illegal Bangladeshi migrants in the state of Assam. This could have dangerous consequences for the world's largest democracy at first blush. The story seems quite eight Mundane McBride His Asia editor. The Indian government is looking for illegal immigrants but when you look at a little bit closer it becomes incredibly Garish they set up this register of citizens declared slid bull million of just thirty three million people in the states while over a tenth of the State's population to be illegal immigrants on very very slim evidence are requiring them to crew for themselves that they are indeed citizens and locking looking people up and threatening to pull it them all to avoid the prospect of deportation. They'll need to prove they arrived in India. Before the twenty fourth of March Nineteen seventy-one just before Bangladesh declared independence from Pakistan it at a rally earlier this year I'm at Shaw the President of the ruling Bhartiya Janata Party were B._J._p.. Referred to illegal migrants from Bangladesh as infiltrators and termites he pledged to single angled them out and throw them out of the country. This is all the more alarming because the people who are being put in this situation <hes> overwhelmingly Muslim this is state that experienced violent communal riots just a few years ago and those same sectarian tensions being massively stoked by this campaign against illegal immigration and this is a campaign that the government thinks is such a wonderful success that it wants to extend it nationwide so it's an incredibly alarming story to why do they even start this. Why are they looking if you like for illegal immigrants or creating them so s I'm the state in question is divided demographically between the original indigenous inhabitants who make up around two-thirds of the population and Bengali speakers because most of them Muslim who arrived largely in colonial times when all of the subcontinent was ruled by the British and that division has created tensions for a very long time now the indigenous Assamese feel that they're state is being taken can over and the character of their homeland is being changed by this immigration from Bengal? Now half of Ben Gold bit close to Assam in fact is a separate country. It's become Bangladesh and immigration if it exists. A tool is quite small the reason. The presence of Mongolia's in Assam continues to grow is because those Bengali who were already there simply have higher birth rate but that sense that Osama being overrun hasn't gone away and politicians have long agitated for state government at the national government to do something about it and so. How do you think this policy is going to play out? Do you really think that these millions of people will be deported. Well the Home Affairs Minister in the national government a man named Emmitt shy has insisted lots of campaign rallies all around the country that every single illegal immigrant not just in Assam but everywhere in the country will be hunted down and expelled in practice. That's impossible even if you accept the notion that these people really are illegal immigrants which the vast majority of the aunt they would have to be sent back to the Bangladesh and Bangladesh does not accept that they're illegal immigrants as says this is an entirely internal Indian affair and it wants no part of what comes of it so probably they won't be devoted but already a significant number a few thousand are being held in detention centers within Assam as if they might be deported and dot number set to grow the Assamese government is planning ten purpose-built detention centers and of course it's not just the people who were detained whose lives ruined by this. There've there've been spate of suicides linked to people who've been declared not to be citizens and all kinds of horrible stories about mistaken identity or unfair judgments and then as I said this this risk that communal tensions reignited in the state so even if it doesn't result in mass deportations it's all kinds of horrible consequences could flow from what's going on. So how does someone avoid that kind of mistaken identity or to prove that they are in fact not an illegal immigrant will the terrible thing is the system is very much stacked against the people who are suddenly told they're not citizens so for example anyone can denounce you say Oh my neighbor is not a citizen the people who do that don't have to show up to the tribunal's that look into these claims then you have to go off and find some documents to prove that see you or your immediate for says parents grandparents were already present in the state of Assam or elsewhere in India on a particular day in nineteen seventy one that may not sound that hard but of course these are poor farmers. They're itinerant tin and workers. Many of them are literate so the idea that these people could just drop these documents is quite far fetched. If you're a poor daily wage earner taking two or three or four or five days out of your schedule to attend various offices and various hearings and plead with the relevant officials. It's actually an impossibly high suppose all of the people who are under suspicion now could prove that they are in fact legal citizens. That's not the only problem with this law seems to be as you say strangely targeting a certain group absolutely so the tensions in Assam of between the Indigenous Assamese and these Bengali migrants some of the spend Goldie migrants a Hindus and some of those Hindus have been caught up in this dragnet but the vast majority of them Muslims uh-huh and it fits in very well with the hindu-nationalist policies of the national government led by the B._J._p.. Hindu nationalist party and that's why it's been so eager to take up this coal to expand it nationally and to really ran the point home home that this is a specifically anti-muslim measure the B._J._p.. At the national level has actually introduced an pushed through the low Haussa parliament not through both chambers yet a bill that would more or less automatically grant citizenship to <music> any Hindu refugees from neighboring countries in South Asia or indeed refugees of more or less all the other common religions apart from Islam so little states boldly if you cross from Bangladesh and you're Muslim you're are in trouble if you cross for Bangladesh and your anything else come on in the water is fine so presumably all of the flaws with the plan in Assam would be magnified if they really do want to take this nationwide if it's going to be such a people pleasing or at least party pleasing policy anything that heightened sectarian tensions helps the B._J._p.. Electorally and I'm a childhood minister who I mentioned who's been wandering around calling people termites and infiltrators and so on he's made those comments not just in Assam where the current pushes which is underway but in other states to for example the neighboring state of West Bengal where well over a quarter of the population is Muslim and where the B._J._p.. Is locked in a sort of political knife fight with a regional party that it accuses a cuddling the Muslims. This is a perfect sort of wedge issue whereby the B._J._p.. Could heighten sectarian tensions in West Bengal but westbound goal has the legacy of partition of many horrible episodes of islands between Hindus Muslims and so anything you do to heightened sectarian tensions in May help the people basically but it's incredibly irresponsible. Thank you very much for your time Edward. Thanks for having me it is conservatism in Crisis Pulitzer Prize winning journalist and author George will appears in this week's episode of The Economist Asks Our interview show he explains the dangers of what he terms crybaby crybaby conservatism picking up on something progressives specialized in for years that is victimology. They're saying no no we conservatives are victims victims of Hollywood of academia of the media et Cetera et Cetera of coastal. Coastal elites condescending to us all the rest so conservatism has been infected by kind of curdled resentment of a lot of modern life and these people found a home in the Republican Party as it was made aid welcoming to them by Donald Trump who says he to the victim. Everyone's being mean to Donald Trump. You may have noticed he begins every day with a burst of tweets about how people are picking on him. This is not the confident more or less serene conservatism autism that says look what we're trying to conserve as the American founding the sense of individualism constitutional architecture of the separation of powers and all the rest. It's entirely with him personal to hear more subscribe to the economists asks on your podcastone. If you're listening to this show on your way to work this morning in America chances are you've got a long day ahead view in Europe not so much the great gap between Americans Europeans is that Americans work more hours on average every week. Philip coggin writes the economists art will be call him on management and work. It's tempting think this is a great cultural difference so there's always existed but it isn't up until late. Nineteen seventies Americans route roughly the same number of hours per week as Europeans but there's been shift since then and what happened to make that diversion start the big difference is not in the amount of hours you put in on a working week. Yes American started work longer hours on the average week up until two thousand drifted back again <hes> but their average is about the same as they were in the late nineteen seventies the differences that European allies have declined largely because Europeans take a lot more holidays so Europeans have legally mandated holidays twenty five twenty four days in many European countries in America. There's no legal mandate holiday. Yes yes love companies also two weeks this the national holidays but it's a lot less in terms of annual vacation you keep using the word average though I mean there must be disparities in who works more and less yeah so the rich in particular have tended to work longer hours that is the better paid within the American economic system and that's because of course disparity between those in the top ten percent and those in the middle of the median of extremists gone up from two point two to three point one over the last two years without extra incentive to work long hours the better off have tended to do so but I think there's an impression that their investment bankers working all night long and this justifies. They're very high salaries actually out of knowle's working in the nighttime weekends Qin's. That's slightly more biased low paid workers. It's the cleaners it's the security guards there often on the night shift not the guys Goldman Sachs but considering the America Europe divide. Why has it come about at all? I think the most likely onset is politics so in Europe you have social democratic socialist parties attended to fight to limit workers hours in America. You haven't seen that same kind of pressure. You don't have a mainstream Social Democrat Party and has been resistance to the idea of limiting workers hours. Maybe on the grounds of people should be free to work as they wish as a consequence of that the great full in working hours that was happening for much of the twentieth century in America suddenly stopped and that's why so I if you want to limit the amount of hours at Americans work. You need to get onto congress. Why don't you think that <hes> that there has been political pressure in America because this disparity is I mean certainly Americans are aware of it of the notion that Europeans go on long holidays and they don't well my view and I think a lot of work tends to bettys out is the power of corporate lobbying is a lot stronger in America? There's no limit on campaign expenditure in America so politicians listen to the people who pay them and it's been research showing that the average sentences votes Utah quite closely correlated with richest twenty percent of his or her constituents and bear absolutely no relation to the bottom forty percent of the constituents because they don't meet those people and they those people don't contribute to fund so corporate lobbying make sure that Congress doesn't tend to pass those kind of laws in Europe that does so you don't think there's anything sort of inherent in the American psyche about work ethic don't because if there were would have shown up in the nineteen sixties and nineteen seventies the interesting question Asian is why we haven't lived up to canes grateful costs that we'd be working fifteen hours a week by now and I think that's because canes assumed that most of all material needs to be easily met the food and the heating and so on and of course they all but in societies they're all positional additional goods that people want. They want a property that is nice. They WANNA call that is nicer than the neighbors they WANNA go on holiday to a nice place. It's not filled up with thousands of tourists. They WANNA turn left on the plane. Instead of turning right and so status is very important to humans so we have to work hard because we need to do so to earn those kind of goods that gives us social status. I don't know if it were a matter of giving up the fancy car to work fifteen hours a week. I think I might do it. You don't have a fancy 'cause I don't have that option by deal a mortgage pitch to pay Philip. Thank you for your time. Thank you Jason.
A fight about a fight - Behind the Scenes (Preview)
"So now we'll get into our main ones and the first one. Yes we get to rehashing old fight. Mary over slink. For Sammy's you actually say Mary. Oh she's GonNa ask the exact same question. How does it's not like I've ever heard you say that before? I used to say Mario all the time. And now I'm solely coming into the the Mario Fold Mary kind of Newark Thing Right. Isn't that yeah. It's IT'S NEW YORK. Yeah I'm surprised I haven't noticed it before because I've heard you say before I'm more I say Mario more often now. Okay but I think there's reading it I read it. I think they Mario Care enough anyway. The fight now. 'CAUSE unit issue with your an issue with viewer Gauntlet thing yeah. So I don't have an issue with you using the galette the gauntlets is like. Here's an item. You get let you lift really heavy things and you sell. Aw Yeah you translate it. Translated it to basically. He's just really strong in he can like he can translate that strength into like throwing a bomb super fast fast. And I didn't agree with that. I think the gauntlets are basically. Just let them lift things but like if he specifically like in the game he throws bombs and he doesn't throw them super fast. I think that's you can't just say that he chooses not to why not it'd be helpful. It'd be unhelpful through the bombs because it would just be offscreen. They would be hurtling out of the stratosphere like if you translate his strength to all of his strength then like the game it would be super easy and he wins super easily. But he doesn't so so I feel like the limitation is just whatever your limitation is in the game and actually the the bigger problem with it and I'm not sure if ignoring the episode. I think I might have mentioned it but I was trying to figure out the physics of thrilling and so the visitor is you're not you're not actually limited by how much how strong your arms and how fast you can throw a fastball. Because like the amount of force your arm can generate versus the weight of a ball. It could go way way faster. The limiting how many factors is actually faster. Arm can go because the ball can't go faster than what you release it at like if you throw the ball it's going to it. Leaves your hand at the speed that your hands. I'm just going in. Your hand. is on like an ARC. Because the lengthy and it's a it's a radio a radio speed so that's so like pitchers it's it's actually. The speed is from the elbow to the hand that snap motion and that's not motion is is limiting factor on. How fast ball can go and the it's something like one hundred is? There's a close to speed of like you know the fastest ashfall. But because he's just can't go they are you know they're pretty. I mean the boss of the balls. Whatever the speed of your hand was right? Yeah it's not like a stronger. Pitcher can throw the ball fast moving. It's kind of like golf like golf. They say like swinging super hard isn't necessarily the best way to do it. Yeah because it's just as bad in the fourth. Do too much the different. What we're does get you is that you can throw heavier things at the same speed? It does limit you on your strength is limiting you on whether you can get your are moving that fast ball holding something that heavy I I had I had a point whereas in my research and I'm like hey realistically the throwing motion is the same so you could not throw a bomb. This you know I can i. This force numbered word. I can't convert it into just throwing a bomb fast but on the other hand I don't know how I could throw it or or the heavy thing. He could thrive no way to get there. You do fast. You could throw it because there's an example of him throwing it in the game but so I either could have done. I either could be like okay. He can throw anything basically at one hundred miles an hour or I could say he can throw one bomb at near light speed and I decided that the needle light speed one while probably slightly incorrect. I admit I made I made. I made the choice here to be slightly incorrect for the fun. Even though southern correct I decided to go with a very fast ball. The thing is I think it kind of broke the fight a little bit which what does handy because we usually. We can't conclude these very well. I think I think if you didn't have your super strength I think Salmon's would've wanted I think salmon should have went actually but I didn't really want argue with you during the episode because we've done a lot which is the point but yeah well. Yeah I didn't want to get like you don't go too deep into taking tearing down because we do have to come to. The front is diversity. Between between that is a more structural argument argument like that takes part of the answer. You know it's deconstruct deconstructed. Arguments are constructive on like the way the fight the way the way to keep the fight going is this is actually having this interesting. Maybe put this topic for the next. BTS is how you know quote unquote how fight. But you don't want to say no you're wrong. Your Shit Sucks. You WanNa say okay. Fine but now Sam Assam's also has this and so now you're adding a new angle to the thing and you're now you're making progress instead of just being like no no no. You can't do that an instead of taking a step back. You're taking a step forward. I think one of the reasons why had such a big problem problem with is because Lake Lincoln known for throwing bombs. It's not like integral part of his character is very known for throwing bombs not lake at super speeds. It so if you if you think about link you don't think oh he's a bomb thrower Yeah I mean the the narrative generating that link is hiding getting this incredible power and he's just very tenderly decide to us which was which was fun for me. I also really like Lincoln. Wanted him to be brought. You said that you said that he could jumps super high too which. I didn't 'cause I didn't affect the fight at all so I didn't really argue about it. That much but link is clearly known for not being able to John Downplay. That's something that people will say about right. Which is why I love that argument? That he that he that he does it because he would do because he dare not. I guess I don't know I just think it's is not in the spirit of the question. What we say the spirit of the question a lot but I think it's not in the spirit of the character? Yeah that's fair. I could definitely take a different I. It definitely could take in a in a different direction. I got I got into. I got into the research and I enjoyed it. I liked the conclusions that I had so I left it and I don't completely disagree that you know. Well that's not what you'd expect. We typically expect from Lincoln a fight because there were 'cause I had Mario and there were some other games that gave my some better Paris areas. There is one that like you get therapy. Let you clone Mario and you have like six sir. Seven Different Mario's by felt like when people think of Meyer. They don't really you think. Oh he's someone that can multiply himself. So I chose Super Mario three which has some of the power upset lake. You think about when you think of that Maria yea conic stuff. Yeah so you're saying to yourself and now you're a spirit of the character. It's Kinda kind of because we did it. Conflicts The serial fake is. It's our famous one where I got mad at you for making toucan. Sam Have Super Uber Strength. It's basically the same situation but like I had tricks I still I still someday GonNa find those are GonNa find all the examples in the I got a show to you guys. I don't doubt that he does it but like I had tricks and the spirit of the character for tricks that he does disguises. So that's what I focused on the spirit of the character for two cans. Sam Isn't that he's super strong. It's that he can smell and he can fight bird so you could ease those two things smell. Everts smell like turn Tony. The Tiger which Ben had I can see an argument for making him super strength. which is is basically what you did? That was a clip from our paychecks. Survive the scenes episode for the full episode. Click on the link in the description
The Sahm Rule With The Eponymous Economist
"N. P. R. Breath everyone indicator from planet money. I'm Cardiff Garcia. Today's episode begins with a question. Is there any way to know in real time if an economic recession has started and that's actually a tricky question but there is an answer the answer is called the psalm rule named after the economists. who recently discovered it a cloudy Assam and who is cloudy Assam so I have been twelve years at the Federal Reserve Board and the first ten years were on the staffs macro forecast the last two years I have worked in the division of consumer and Community Affairs and now I am the first director of macroeconomic policy at the Washington Center for equitable growth? You're the eponymous economist. After which the rules named. How can that be your new nickname? Police sure combined navy twitter profile excellent. I suspect cloudy. It might not end up using economist economist in her twitter profile. But after the break break you our listeners are going to get to hear my conversation with her explaining what the Psalm is and also why it matter so much that we identify early on when a recession historic. Finally policymakers can do if the sun will is triggered and a recession indeed has started. This message comes from. NPR SPONSOR TIAA committed to the idea that while most things in life run out from clean shirts in the morning to a favorite dessert at night lifetime income in retirement shouldn't learn more at Tiaa dot org slash. Never runout support also comes from Google from Connecticut to California from Mississippi to Minnesota millions of American businesses are using Google tools else to grow online learn more at Google dot com slash. Grow the last recession. You know the big one that ended roughly a decade ago started in December. Remember two thousand and seven but the committee within the economics world that officially identifies the start of a recession. Didn't make the announcement until December two thousand eight affoil year later. It's actually called a recession. Dating Committee were sounds a lot more fun than it actually is. That is economists. Cloudy Assam and she says it is normal normal for this committee to take a while to be delivered. Take its time when it's identifying the start of a recession see the recession dating committee weights because it wants to be sure that there actually actually was a recession and also because the committee is looking at a lot of data to confirm that there was quote a significant decline in economic activity Spread across the economy lasting more than a few months unquote. That's how the committee defines a recession into be cleared those experts and they're all very senior macro-economists macro-economists they're looking at the data all the time especially when the economy starts to soften but what they're using as a whole host of data now there is also an unofficial way to know if there has been a recession which is if the economy shrinks for two straight quarters which is obviously half a year but that takes a while to know also uh-huh especially since the quarterly growth statistics. Take a while to come out after each quarter ends so that if hypothetically a recession started last month in October we wouldn't find out about it until almost the start of next May so based on her research cloudy came up with a better way the psalm rule what is is the psalm rule. So this psalm rule. It's all based off the unemployment rate. Okay so quicken. Injection the unemployment rate that is the share of people in the labor force who do not have jobs but are looking for jobs and since the unemployment rate can sometimes fluctuate from month to month for arbitrary reasons. The summer looks at the three month. Average of the unemployment unemployment rate to smooth out those fluctuations back to Klaudia so he take a three month average of the monthly unemployment rate. Okay then I look at any month. Oh relative to the prior twelve months so I'm using thirteen months data and what I do is win the difference. So when the current unemployment rate is a a half percentage point or more above the prior low over that prior twelve months. Then we're in a recession okay. So there's a little bit to unpack there so here is what what it means in practice right now. The three month average of the unemployment rate is three point six percent so that's number to focus on three point. Six percent blissett starts rising and within the next year. Let's say July of next year it has climbed half a percentage point and it hits four point one one percent that means that the psalm rule has been triggered and a recession has started within the prior few months. Well in fact since the nineteen seventies. That's always he's been the case any time from the seventies on every time it triggers we are two to four months into a recession and the big advantage of the Psalm. Rule over over the other ways of knowing if an economy's in recession is that we find out much sooner that the recession has started and cloudy work on. Recessions does not stop there. She also so came up with a way. For policymakers to respond wants to SOM- rule has been triggered and we know the recession is indeed underway. And so I developed the Psalm ruled to put a proposal. Together that said payments to household individuals in a recession should be automatic. They should happen as fast as they can. In a recession they should be noticeable cinema thousand dollars or more and get that money out to household so they they don't have to cut back on spending as much there. They know that the government is trying to do something to support them. Cloudy is ideas. Note an economics as has an automatic stabiliser. It's automatic because once the economy does something specific like say it triggers the Psalm rule then. The response from the government is automatic. Those checks go out because Congress already agreed how the government will respond to stabilize the economy hence the name automatic stabiliser and cloudy. Saudis proposal is based on research from the past couple of decades including some of her own and that research shows that people will spend more money to boost the economy if they get a big one time payment than if they get a smaller steady stream of payments that hits their paychecks. Every couple of weeks and cloudy says. There's a good reason for why every household I should get a big check and not just those where someone has lost a job or had their wages cut early in a recession. It's hard to know who is going to be hit hard and and there's a lot of anxiety. There are a lot of households that no. They're on the margin and we want to support them. We don't want them to stop spending to stop supporting the lifestyle they have. So that's the idea and you know what the Psalm rule has become a big league hit with economists. But it's worth noting that Claudia herself is actually hoping for obvious reasons that we don't have to apply for a while. Here's a question that thinks on everybody's everybody's mind. What is the some real saying right now? We're not in a recession excellent. Yes that's a very happy thing. I did talk. Talk to someone and they're like well. This is going to be you know. The big test is when the next recession happens. And I'm like you know what frankly I'd be happy to wait a long time for that. Yeah no kidding thing you know decades and decades possibly be Australia. They've had like twenty seven straight years or something like that without a recession Cloudy Sam thanks so much for being on the indicator thank you and that's it that's the psalm rule if you want to know more about it how it works cloudy. wrote a detailed peace about it a and about automatic stabilisers brookings think tank earlier this year. We'll post a link to it at NPR dot org slash money and on twitter. This podcast gas was produced by Lena. Sons Gerry our editors Patty I or fact checkers Nadia Lewis in the indicator is a production of NPR. Also by the way the indicator is on Thanksgiving break tomorrow Thanksgiving Day and on Friday. So we'll be back on Monday and we wish all of you our listeners. A very happy and restful Thanksgiving holiday break
Episode 64: They Call Us Warrior
"<music> hello and welcome to another edition of they call us bruce an unfiltered conversation about what's happening in asian america. I'm phil you and jeff yang and we are back here in the studio to talk about a show that we've been main lining just inject act that directly into my veins <hes> and that show is warrior the western the eastern western series inspired by <hes> the writings of bruce. Lee we know bruce a little bit yeah yeah <hes> for those who have have not been paying attention. He is the namesake of this podcast cast. I do recommend people check out the episode right before this one in which we had the executive producer of the show and the daughter of bruce lee shannon lee we had a really fun conversation opposition with her about the show about his legacy but <hes> <hes> this this episode is just us just me jeff and we're gonna talk about our impressions of the show sort of unfiltered and we've seen more than just the <hes> the one episode that as of this recording has aired <hes> we've seen beyond that and we've got some thoughts <hes> yes. We've got some thoughts based on furious binge-watching. We we have had the chance to get the first eight out of ten episodes. Thank you cinemax cinemax cinemax. <hes> and i will tell you straight up. If you do not have cinemax it is a show that makes it worth getting cinema. Nobody there's no way i'm going to say we has it but like this show totally makes it worthwhile like first time in my life like i was. I will totally pay for cinemax. I actually had cinemax on spectrum and then like mysteriously. They dropped it for my package. Yeah totally right. I'm like what the hell resubscribe had these screeners for now but <hes> it's totally worth subscribing i think i think we should give a little bit of a recap for anybody. Who's just you you know tuning in now. I doubt that they're very many people are not <hes> following us a little bit more closely if you're listening to this at all but this is a show that bruce lee wrote a treatment for it's an eight-page treatment it was never made because legend has it that it turned into warner brothers and they're like no. We can't do this because we cannot cast you. A chinese man in asian person in the lead of a television series you know when would watch the americans not ready for it they said and so instead curiously coincidentally they made another series called kung fu starring white guy as an asian guy also another another series coincidentally a about a a you know an asian map reported asian man wandering the old west asian ish man in doing kung fu so that is a kind of a tip for this series is it is a it's a western i mean that's the genre fits in but it's also hard core martial arts epic. It's got tons of political intrigue. It's got <hes> actually one of the more layered approaches to unpacking race at a very raw level gangster show absolutely gangster show yeah it's got. It's got hatchet men like if you guys has ever loved. The aesthetics of hustle got a little bit. That's all said in eighteen seventy san francisco chinatown the city by the bay <hes> this is like look this the old west and <hes> this setting is something that we've seen time and time again in hollywood movies and television. We've never ever seen it from this lens before right <hes>. That's what i think. The main thing that for me is the big draw makes this special. It's like you you take the characters the cooley characters like that they're always been set dressing or the background of all these shows you know just the object of some bad guys fist right <hes> and and and now you get to see them at the forefront and they're the ones that were kind of following and rooting for the i mean the show has a wide leonard actually focused on a wide swath of characters across in san francisco but i think the ones that obviously leaning heavily towards are the chinese characters absolutely <hes> i will say this the the one chinese character that i can remember from a western context is hop sing yeah right from bonanza yeah and if you guys can reach back foreign to televised archival history hop seeing <hes> he was a character that was the houseboy of this this this ranch house right you know he was mostly played for laughs. <hes> i don't wanna deprecate the actor you know or or even the character too much but the situation was such that he was very much coach this sort of laughable sidekick who didn't really have any backstory didn't really have any context certainly had no agency he he you know there was never a story with him at the center and what i think is really so fantastic about this series is even that archetype. We're gonna talk about episode five <hes> eventually eventually <hes> <hes> in this episode. We won't spoil too much but episode five th episode you have to like. What is it for weeks. Now you've got you've you got us into this <hes> but i will say that episode actually takes the archetype of the sort of like you know <hes> <hes> <hes> voiceless anonymous faceless chinese guy servants of the server in the background guy and then flipped the script really hard and i think that's more than anything else. What makes this show so freaking interesting. Yeah i think <hes> you know i should we just delve into start with our our. Maybe our impressions from episode one right. We both went to screening a little while back it just sort of like splashes into it. It was my second time seeing that episode because i loved it so much so i went back because i had to see it again. <hes> i actually rescheduled a plane flight out from the angeles just to watch. Aren't you glad you did though i am very allen i did. It was so that so what i love about episode one in the first five minutes i three minutes right. It's it's it's the shot of awesome getting off the boat right and you you right there in immigration san francisco eighteen seventy <hes> and it tells you very much right away what kinda show this is going to be right. You have these immigration officials just giving him shed and he's like i. He comes to the defense of this. This guy who they knocked down his rice and he's trying to eat it off the off the ground and he's like what are you doing. Doing you know i was like what are you going to spill chinese guy. He's like what are you doing and then. It's just like <hes> when they when they matched with them. You know no he tells them when they find out he can speak english. They're like amaze like say something else that he what he says to them is. I didn't travel halfway across the world on that. Damn boat just to use a few fat white fucks you and then that was the moment where i was like. I think we'll like so oh just a couple of quick beat there. The first is awesome is the protagonist and he's playing but andrew koji and he was supposed to be bruce. Lee the way this. This character is drawn right. He's like one quarter. One quarter caucasian right which bruce himself was right. Obviously it looks like a nod to bruce bruce's lineage hundred percent and and he's a martial artist he's sort of has a mysterious warrior training background the original treatment actually for this series with call assam assam in the very early iterations so he's he's the mysterious guy who as with westerns right right guy kind of rolls in and then does stuff and then eventually presume rolls off roughly not for many seasons but i thought this this particular scene was really interesting because it establishes two two things one is that the the masses of chinese people are getting their asses kicked and are are kind of being humbled by their situation and this guy comes in and he's not going to stand for that right and he's going to stand for them and it felt a lot to me like that beat in and re well fisa fury right right where <hes> bruce lee sees the ad. No dogs are chinaman sign yeah right and you know just like <hes> kicks the the shit right. It's that kind of a moment which establishes that this character is not going to take shit and he is very willing to dish it out right. I mean i've seen every iteration of sort of the of the western where like the chinese cook servant guy is getting an aspirin or something thing and then this white guy comes in defense them right. Yes you know so. It's very refreshing. It's just there's something very on a very like primal my more base level something very satisfying about seeing like an asian guy like talk shit back to like racist white people and like and then they just take them down. I don't know it really satisfies that weird scratchy itchy. You know that like ozzy like american. T._v. hasn't really done a good job showing so. I don't know what i don't know what it is about that but it's like it very much sets a tone. It's like there's going to be that kind of show. It's a kind of it's kind of seen center that you almost wish was taking place in an audience like an a theatre theater yeah right in fact i think about this <hes> they could have actually done like a two hour theatrical out of <hes> you know to to launch this and i it would've it would've gone people up on their seats right like standing and shouting <hes> also i'll touch on your i mean like the scope of what the actual tool sort of the art direction the costuming all that stuff of this show cinematography. It's massive. It's like they've done such a huge they they've they filmed in cape town south africa and they rebuilt like a massive <hes> san francisco street. There is even curved street you know like are the the hilly part love san francisco's famous streets right all that is recreated <hes> and it's it's just like it's it's actually like a gorgeous awesome like like it's a spec awesome spectacular looking show yeah and i mean to that point the the show is detailed in he wants to show but it's also the kind of depiction of the world. It's not a gritty realistic <hes> while west as it were it's it's <hes> very much a show that takes the tropes and archetypes and ideas of the western genre but updates them for certain reasons and i think the biggest the biggest thing <hes> is language. Yeah i mean you kind of touch on this right so i think we mentioned before this incredibly clever trick <hes> that the show it does in order to essentially reorient your p._o._v. so to speak pon perhaps intended when when you were actually ah i think shannon mentioned this when you're actually watching <hes> than the chinese characters interact with white characters then they speak kind of broken english or or or pretended not understand english at all <hes> except for assam and then when the speaking with one another the can flips around to their perspective right and all all of a sudden you you hear them speaking not just an accident english but in a kind of english replete with this slang. It's very anachronistic in a lottery. I mean neither like it. Takes you a minute to kind of catch up with the even the slang that they're saying right like they're speaking some other actually some other english you know well. I think it's really really clever because chinese full of phrases like that and if you try to idiom medically translate chinese it doesn't make sense but if you if you kind of bring it sideways and and then invent words right so for instance all the the hatchet man all the sort of the tomboys <hes> the low level homeboys are just called onions right there the fresh off the boat people exactly right so be like their fresh onions and then all the white people are called ducks the white people doc and and where they hang out outside of town the call the pond guy right so the ducks on the pond and it just this kind of language feels so strange in english until you think about it and realize they're not speaking english speaking chinese writing other right. We're just hearing sort of like the stylized english version of what they're saying in chinese trainee. We're hearing chinese yeah yeah so. I think that's an incredibly clever touch. I mean props up to jonathan proper. Who's the show runner for this show oh and and kenneth lynn who's actually he's co executive producer but he's also the writer of a lot of these for right up so yeah i think very i think it's very significant that what we hear as sort of supposed to be sort of the translatable baseline language is american english right because even the the the actors who are playing them. Some of them are not american. Some of the like interco jeb leaves british british actually so he speaks with a british accent naturally so he has to talk to with an american accent so all these people are sort of coming meeting in the middle of this american accent well. It's it's an accent. That's supposed to be sort of magically in her head. Yeah right whatever they're speaking in. It translates into us into basically chinese american asian american yeah that that's something i feel like with justin lane especially as the the preceding vision over this <hes>. He has a an agenda right right. I mean from the very beginning of his own career. He's wanted to reframe genre from the standpoint of asian-americans yeah. That's what he did with better luck tomorrow right he he again flip the script on a on a very sort of standard genre and put it put us at the center of it <hes> and this. I actually feel like this movie more than any other films. He's done is the movie the t._v. Series is kind of the spiritual descendant of what he was trying to do in belmar yeah yeah i mean not least because jason tobin is in this. We should talk about these guys. Let's let's talk about the cast because like so you know. Andrew koji is the lee. Jason tobin is a supporting character but he's got a big. He's a big character yongjun young june and he's he's the son of the of the big boss father bastard son yeah and and he you know he this is the role that he should have played played like years ago. Look when you when you watched better luck tomorrow. He's a standout cast member right. He's a stand up performance in that and he should have been enrolls like this for his whole career reich since then in the in the sixteen seventeen years since belic came out and he's playing this and you're like you're watching this and you're like i i have i could totally believe that that virgil had been tomorrow is descended of you're like oh my god i i i mean you could flip the other way and say like if virgil at steph not machine yeah and grown up somewhere in the setting he would've turned out something young june yeah he's he's kind of. There's something about the maturity that that he has brought to his performance. Virgil was like out of control the wild boy but if if virgil grownup he be something like this guy he's he's constantly trying to prove something always writing the edge but there's more control and more kind of i don't think discipline's quite the right word but sort of <hes> awareness yeah i think in the portrayal young jun i really think jason is is is the standout performance yeah <hes> i don't wanna sleep on on andrew koji. No no he brings what you need. This role needs one hundred you know because you know he he is that that <hes> quiet dark stranger who comes into he's that western trope actually he what's interesting is this. He's absolutely not bruce lee and i think they cast against the expectation there 'cause if they'd tried to cast somebody who's going to be aping bruce lee. I think this series would have suffered. What i love about him is that about forty percent percent of <hes> andrew coaches performance is sort of hangdog like sleepy expression <hes> and but he carries it off right. It doesn't doesn't look like he's dollar board. It just looks like he doesn't give a shit about you right yeah and then when he is asked to either speak or move like to to do something take something then all of a sudden it's almost like he's injected with swagger subject right yeah oh my god and and he brings it and the physicality is really important because because come on you could not have cast that role without having somebody who was a legitimate martial artist yeah no no and i love the <hes> even in the very hey i in the fight scenes. There's little bruce nods. There's a part in in episode one where he's fighting these guys and he sits on. He sits on the guy. He's knocked down. You're like oh that's from where the drag. There's a moment in in episode five where he leaves off the table and jumps on the guy. He's just knocked out and then does a little leg. Oh that's from out of the jagged you know it's just i you you bruce fans. I mean but i see those moore's easter eggs and character yeah yeah but i mean there. Those those two clearly are the top line of the cast but the rest the cast is incredibly yeah incredibly talented really well cast and that it's it's not a chinese characters. It's also white characters well. I feel like up and down. They've done a really strong job of <hes> of layering this thing and i wanna talk a little about white characters yeah yeah <hes> because the way that the the <hes> series is set when i mentioned that it's one of the more layered and and raw <hes> interpretations of race like depictions of race. What i think is most interesting is that it does not walk away from mm-hmm unpacking kind of whiteness right <hes> it has this has the the the layer of you know there are the irish right who who are before the chinese they were kind of the chinese you know and then it's got this you know they have attained enough <hes> power through things like being the bulk of the police force right that <hes> they're established so now this new group of individuals in the chinese and and they're threatened by the chinese but at the same time you've got <hes> this upper layer this elite layer of gentry who were all you know the anglo saxon whatever never easterners gone west right from new york and elsewhere from the from the way they speak and th they see everybody below them the irish setters pawns in a larger game yeah right and then lastly and i think this is quite interesting. They've got a character <hes> who is a southern. I think southern former army officer who georgia from georgia savannah georgia named li. I mean it has to be. There's got to be a callback say well. It's yeah it's clearly ironic that <hes> you know this white. Characters is yeah. What's what's interesting. Is that <hes> everywhere. He goes though the irish and other white characters kind of hate on him yeah because he he still reminder the confederacy in the civil war very much raw wound and <hes> i think it when you go on and the other characters and and their reactions to one another the reactions to chinese and to <hes> indians native americans right <hes> you start seeing that this is a much more complicated complicated view of of western society than simply white hats as it were asian hats right. I mean there's there is a moment in in episode episode one where you're like oh the if you look back at history. This is a moment where a group becomes white meaning like they were at the bottom but if you can get one group just one group just under your boot then you can to be can become quote unquote white like the birth of whiteness in this crazy seen in a bar where these guys are like you know calling for the chinese must go and you're like oh man you just expecting somebody to disagree naga <music>. It's it really is actually kind of a show for our tanya not least because a lot of the the tropes either can be projected on immigrants more broadly especially mexican immigrants <hes> but some of the yellow peril esque <hes> statements minson and social context. We're seeing a lot of that play out today. Yeah it's been it's not just today. I mean it's that is something that has been ongoing for for many many years. Let's talk a little bit about <hes> about women yeah. This is something yeah. I think people have have brought up and rightly so that the female there's like a lot of female nudity cinemax and also the era yeah well. The show is bound around it has hands is a little bit because of the era that is set in especially because we're looking at <hes>. If you look at the sort of the chinese time it's bachelor society they restricted the number of women who could come right and so it's like a lot of the women who were there were in fact in that role role but on the other hand. I think that's <hes> there is a little bit of the camera does lear yeah a little bit. Oh yeah and i it's quite uncomfortable. Actually i but i will say this. It looks like the without spoiling things it looks like <hes> virtually every female character your sees not who you think they are right and they're not doing what you think. They're doing yeah <hes> without without spoiling. That is very much correct yes. I think that there's there's going to be much more going forward. I mean you know i've only watched through episode five but the the sense is that the longer arc of the show really are related to the female characters yeah <hes> in in kind of very central protagonist e type you know ways <hes> i think it's important because the reason why assam originally only comes to america the kind of the macguffin that meeting there is is a woman right <hes> without against anything yeah and you think oh that's just going to be a device to get him here and have him be like the male savior but that's not really how it turns out episode one yeah yeah i mean and talk about the performances of the will of the women i mean libya chang who plays she's incredible yeah and then <hes> wanda john yeah. She's awesome in this. He's she's really really good <hes> again. It's really hard to talk about her without spoiling look absent one already eric yeah well yeah minor despoilers if you haven't seen episode one but she she turns out to be <hes> g. is the person that that uh tom is looking for and he is she is she's called mailing ailing yeah but <hes> or is that what she's called now originally called she is she's looking. They were looking for mailing. I think the way the way she's awesome sister. Yeah <hes> but bad things happened. She ended up in america kind of to to escape <hes> the situation that she was in and she has ended ended up carving out a niche for herself. Sorta like the puppeteer of one of the one of the tongs the major tongs. I mean you will find that. She has way much more power than you than anyone is led to believe you know so but that's also true for olivia olivia character right <hes> again i mean this is all episode. One stuff stuff aired you know as recording three days ago <hes> but if you haven't seen it it turns out that she has something going on beyond simply being the owner of a brothel awful yeah. She's kind of vigilante. He's kind of a superhero yes. She's she's the green hornet of this era <hes> <hes> she she she really is and <hes> it's remarkable because for one it's not telegraphed really anywhere and <hes> clearly going to be something more that goes on. There's there's a nascent kind of romantic thing again. Let's not spoil any further you can watch the first episode it really really. Is you know a great start to <hes> to put all the balls in the air <hes> but again i i will. I'll say that the the the complexity of what's been laid out is really remarkable and yet ultimately this is a genre piece yeah right and the only reason i want to kind of hop ahead a little bit to seize to episode five yeah is because all the genre pieces come together in that episode way that the i four only hint at right yeah. It's a bottle episode. It's sort of totally takes. An episode. Episode takes a step back from the main overarching narrative and and is it is clearly a bottle up so d- <hes> i would call it the serve the <hes> the series is take on the hateful eight. Yes yeah actually. That's a very good way of putting it. I think it's i think slash shitload better yeah. It's better but i mean it's sort of the <hes> structure actor and and and you know what sort of <hes> accomplishes in ended setting <hes>. I think what's interesting to me is it is hateful eight. If tarantino was willing to put an put a pair of asian guys at the center of his narratives as a joke okay and it's not not yeah i mean it's not a joke and <hes> i will say that a lot of the conventions that you expect are there and they're instantly disrupted erupted. There are there are there are things that you think are going to happen that don't happen. There things. You've thought could not or won't happen that do happen. <hes> it's really really remarkable episode yeah. It's a it's an episode for <hes> jason tobin to really shine. Oh my god i got some great character moments i was i actually was chatting with him because he's the angry reader the week on angriest man this week and i said i just watch episode by men like holy shit. He's like it's my favorite episode like i could z. y. Totally there's a great guest. Star from <hes> people have said it. I've seen him break. Great guests are from c._s. Lee been in a ton of stuff rate actor. He's he's <hes> jessica's brother-in-law brush off the boat he was in <hes> was that <hes> the dexter dexter longtime but again without without putting any more to it <hes> his character again is it's a trope character sure but very different in its nature than what you expect from just first meeting. It's it's it's it's the character of hop sing. If anybody had bothered to ask cop saying hey man. Where are you from yeah. What's your story. How did you get air. What are your dreams in america like. What are you like a game a shade about hop saying that's that's who that's who he plays. You know it's true and see us a so good and yeah i we've said already how just amazing it is to see so many really really really good <hes> asian-american character actors in prominent roles right it kind of makes you think all these indie movies <hes> <hes> from the likes of wes anderson the coen brothers even quentin tarantino right i if if anybody had bothered to reach a little deeper and and <hes> invest in putting carrot diverse characters right in diverse actors into the roles that quirky white folk and a plane in all these things how different would the academy awards look what how different would the marquees look right. I mean again hollywood. Hollywood is not built on stars right. <hes> stars built hollywood right and these guys. Are you see them. You're like why are these guys not much much bigger stars. I mean beyond episode. One of the main swath characters are others are introduced throughout the series. I mean like <hes> there's not a spoiler because i saw him in the trailer for the but dust no-win shows it was up a couple of episodes later also taslim. Joe thompson has limb from the raid. You knew that this series is going to bring on some guys. We know how gotta fight a little bit who can who can scrape. There's another law that they say that in the in the that's how they say like oh yeah scrap a little yeah. I feel like that's got. That's got to have a little justin to him to it right that kind of use of language. I think he's <hes> i think he felt the need. You know what i see in a lot of this. It sounds weird but there's there's a clockwork orange aspect to this <hes> depiction of the wild west instead of it being you know kind of very close mouth. You know not allow language dialogue just a lot of sort of action. This is a very talky yet another west and the talking also lands in medicine because of the use of language right and it's sort of weird you know transverse language she says if the actually written by like some like elmore leonard or something like that but with chinese characters there's you know yeah yeah i mean hey you know this is this is i called a phenomenal on twitter. What i meant by that isn't just that i was thoroughly enjoyable and really good but also it is kind of a phenomenon different way of looking at a genre. I think people anybody who hasn't seen yet and they have these ideas of what it is. I think it's going to be a little bit blown up. It's not even quite that you know it's like it's a little more than <hes> sort of what your expectations are just like. Some you know western gangster dropped. It's like i don't know man. It's the coolest basho i've seen but like it brings a weird menace to like all that stuff and a little bit off kilter to about what your expectations are and with these janas yeah. I think it's time for us to take a break and when we come back we can do our signature segment between the two of us the good the bad and w._p._f. So <hes> we'll be right back to ground stick around <hes> but we're still going strong. It's an exciting time in asian american. There are more movies t._v. Shows books and music reflecting us than ever but all of these represent just a small slice of asian american culture experiences. So what do we do. Tell more slices asian. Americana is a show that explores these slices of distinctly asian american culture and history. We've talked about how chinese americans built california sacramento delta the art scene turns gallery institution giant robot a play that explores the loss cambodian pop music of the sixties and seventies and of course boba just to name a few stories you can find asian americana asian americana dot com or on your podcast app didn't todd up proven long <music> and we're back okay so let's do this. Let's go into our good bad w._p._f. The signature segment of our show the i figure we're doing the good the bad into of warrior yeah. That's pretty guests. I guess i mean look as we jumped into this. I do realize is we've kind of extolling this. This series nonstop and i mean you know we'll hit this. Maybe in the in the bad portion of good bad jeff you know it's not there's no show that is perfect. <hes> and i will say that you know this. I don't know that this is gonna be for everybody. They're going to be people who turned off by some aspects of <hes> <hes> it does not <hes> it is one of those things where there are payoffs for most of the things they try to do win win. Those things don't work. They sort of li- little flat. They are trying to boil the ocean. You know <hes> there's a there's a lot of different plotlines and it's a little tough to kind how to keep track of what's going on without especially so much exposition yeah when they're really sort of <hes> you know there. There's like a ton of characters and they're kind of weaving story. I like to watch shows with the subtitles on just to keep track all the names in all the shit they're talking. <hes> could really do with the screeners i why did pay extra attention. I've only we've only seen sort of limited number new episodes but it could could really suffer from like trying to try to weave a little bit too much. I think honestly honestly <hes> i'm really looking forward to some of these starting up like wikipedia entries and like you know other ways to to unpack and track some of the plotlines and characters i mean obviously the can't do it yet because only one episodes aired but after this first season i think <hes> they'll be the people who were watching it because there's a lot to actually to to get out of that second viewing <hes> so far. Are there any storylines or characters that are carolina after you like. I'm i'm i will say the irish boss the gang boss yeah <hes> i mean there are some things going on with him. <hes> there's like like this whole sequence where he kind of does underground boxing yeah thing right which i feel is primarily set up to make him seem like a bigger he could kind of being setup as is not the ultimate villain by a major yeah. He's physically the largest guy the whole show and then yeah. I feel like they are actually do they. That whole fight club type scene was they're just so like oh one of these at some point in the series online. He's going to go have to go against us. They they chiefs here mom or they have to fight. Each other like telegraphed a little bit too like <hes> you know. Actually i understand why the irish skies are there like structurally and because of the way the story has to work but right now. They're a little bit. They're a little bit thin yeah. Yeah i mean not least because he only real irish character actor who's drawn on it other than bill right. Who's the <hes> the cop in charge of the chinatown beat. <hes> is is this mob boss an award boss sky this this <hes> <hes> union boss yeah right <hes> but yeah i mean the only reason that underground fight scene was there was to make him seem physically capable of def- of duke it <music> out with assam is just crushes everybody. You know <hes> so that all said let's jump into this yeah rules of engagement real quick. You guys know this. You know we're going to go around three times. We'll talk about this topic. That is this series warrior. <hes> from the standpoint of the good the bad that half after good is what's warm and fuzzy where we loved we liked what we enjoyed <hes> and then the bad what we had issues with if we had issues and then w._f. Things that continue to make us ask questions and dan gonna kick it to you phil to start off with <hes>. You're good the good by far for me. I is the cast. Let's let's give it across the board. I think they've won like they've introduced us to the people we've never seen before like you always wanna see when these asian american products come along an opportunity for someone to shine. Yes give us some fresh faces who are like. Let's make stars you. You know and like someone like andrew koji. You know like all these people are some introduced and you're like. I wanna see more. You know on top of that. You've got all these get people who are veterans who are doing great work. We've already shouted out in the previous episode like guys like who need <hes> you know. <hes> and they're you know always been great character area directors in other stuff but you're like dude. Give them has a being who unleashed character is so interesting right like that sort of that fixer that chinatown fixer guy <hes> <hes> perry young as as father june is just like scary as fuck. You know like that one. I that one i yeah yeah. I wanna say one thing about whom he got got jacked for this role. I mean you know he doesn't find anything but there's this one scene where let's just say we see his naked back and like that guy yeah. He's been doing a little work. <hes> uh-huh there's the character played by rich who doesn't get a lot in the in the pilot but later on you see a little more of his back story and he's like he's like oh. I wanted to know more about that. Guy guy you know <hes> he plays he plays a name bolo otherwise so clearly alluded to bowler young right like easter eggs yeah so great but just that you you know that opportunity to let all these characters shine you know and of course it's like characters who are who are who are the guys who are rooting for you know everybody nobody even that like one inch that that wasn't manservant character from the mayor's wife yeah right right yeah jacob that guy you know when he gets his talk you're like oh. Oh shit like that guy. You know. I just feel like oh. Everybody's got a story like in on some other stories. That guy would have no lines at all. You know he'd be like he'd just be james hong in chinatown in but like he's he gets to have some some words. You know like some attitude so that's pretty cool so i mean in something like this where where it's not just like all due respect to something like into the badlands but like when the show was introduced like daniel wu is the star and he was great eh daniel wu and then like <hes> the guy plays m._k. Aramis knight like they were it was going to be an asian american story right. It's a fantasy world but i just happened to have to these asian american actors. I wouldn't say just happens to because. Dan lewis like you know yeah but but you're right i mean they're. They're going to craft a eight divers storyline with diverse cast yeah. It's it's it's a fantasy world. It's a great show with a whole other thing going on but when you specify and you put into this chinatown and you're like you you have to populate it with all these asian actors right and it's great. It's just organic yeah right yeah so actually i'm going to say for my good kind of the other side side of what you said right so you folks in the cast. I'm going to focus on the genre right and the reason why <hes> that's the good for me is because we all grew up. You know watching coaching science fiction movies crime movies horror movies comedies and westerns. You know we're kind of both i think a little outside of the peak western turn era but i watched unforgiven right you know and i i've i've wild bunch is one of my favorite movies ever there. You go i cast he's one of mine <hes> you could argue broadcast. He's a little more of a comedy than a western ways. <hes> maybe even romantic comedy but but you know my my point here is that these jonah's have existed and we've grown up watching them with with characters who who don't reflect us yeah and don't bring our stories to that particular even the we're there right were. They're in the kitchen where they're serving food. We're they're working the railroads but we're never at the center. There was even a serious at m._c. Series right which which is about the the the railroad's mc yeah yeah <hes> <hes> helen wills are yeah there was even a._m._c. series hell on wheels which about building building the railroads and like it didn't get asians way down left rather from on on the wrong side of the railroads for much of it but the point being that our stories are not at the center of these jars so here we are right <hes>. We've got something that's very clearly playing with those tropes it is literally turning the cameron and saying these is guys. Now are are good incentive our story. It's still the genre but it's so different and so new in some ways in many ways <hes> even even if i'm not asian to see this story line from that standpoint yeah and i think that's an unqualified good yeah. I mean there's moments. I it all the time one and watch this is just like i can't believe this show exists. Can you just it just seems like a fantasy a lot of ways. We've been saying that a lot about a lot of things last asked play but it's the fulfillment of like a fantasy. You know what i mean like to see like a western filled with were asians are like the heroes or the protagonist or you know the center. We said that about family comedy. Yeah we said about romantic calm yeah and now here were saying. I think it's just a surprising me asia yeah raining down yeah. I mean look i. This is the kind of thing that makes me feel optimistic because it's not just that it's different. It's not just that it's really kind of flipping flipping the tropes yeah it's also fucking good yeah and i think it'll draw eyeballs and if it does that more will come right for sure so yeah. That's that's the good news is there is bad you know i i will. I will say that <hes> the bad the biggest bad for me right now still is that look i mean we heard shannon in the last episode talking about why they decide to go with with cinemax yeah in part because cinemax needs a show like this they need to they need to figure out their identity is and this is something that stands out a little bit <hes> but you know i feel like it does push hard into you know places the field exploitation right and i don't think needed to i if this was on m._c. or h._b._o. Or showtime whenever i mean there are a lot of ordinary netflix slam right it would have been a bit of a different show and and some of the lingering on naked female bodies and sort of like generous amounts of exposure sex scenes seemed to go on forever to me no i don't i appreciate sex and sex scenes but i it very much feels like it's a of the expectation of the channels on the apple tuning into it and i mean honestly it's like you could cut those way down and beef up much more on the atmosphere of the mood <unk> action and and even dialogue franklin's pretty talkie series and i'd be very happy that said <hes> i will say that as you go <music> on it's clear that it's not just lingering on women right and we actually see it quite a lot more naked guy bod than yeah. No who knows maybe maybe jess jason but look i mean here's the thing right. There's more sex happening in in this show than i. I've never seen this. Many asian people have sex and <hes> on on any platform the united states period that is true. That's just to see that every fucking episode there fucking yeah i mean it's it's basically we had the basically the same thing. It feels like they did. They reached for the things that they could do on cinemax because they could <hes> right so they go there because like oh we can do whatever the fuck we want actually and and so it it does go to extremes. I agree with you about the sort of like the i have no objections to nudity sex scenes and the ultra violence that it has but it does seem to go on like wait longer than it really needs to you know even in the in the first episode. There's just like women who are negative for honestly no reason other within that they could even the mayor's wife character. She's naked into senior like what was that like why why did that happen. You know exactly yeah and so it so oh there it is it's just gratuitous cinemax so the first thing i say when a rolled out of the first time watching it was like is very soon alan i think people will there were people who will object to that and perhaps not wash it because of that actually which is a little unfortunate but then again i mean they would have to have been watching cinemax and this is a pay cheinal. You know like if you don't have cinemax. You're really knocked me. We'll see this which is sad to me. I hope it. I hope there are other ways i mean i guess i teams so probably eventually get it. Pay yeah. You do like a season pass. <hes> it's gotta be watched. I mean there really is not much else. <hes> <hes> ah i would describe as in mexico this there is nothing else that i really want on cinemax. Sorry cinematics well it actually this has made me want to go back and watch <hes> jonathan trumpers other show oh no vandy yeah van and who was in that great yet yeah from what i hear myself so <hes> but yeah she the nick was on cinemax salsa great. I'm not saying there isn't great stuff on there. I'm just saying that none of those things were made enough enough for me to actually pay for it until right right. I mean up to now. Cinemax has been skin amax. Let's be honest right. Has that has that reputation so but that can change. I mean like i know a lot of i've heard from a lot of people on social media who said like yeah. I subscribe just talking to watch voyeur because it wasn't anything like this. Let's let's let's see what happens. Well okay so that gets us to w t f let's kick it back to yeah so my w jeff the what the fuck is actually literally all the folks that are saying percents <hes>. We talked a lot about language but there's one thing that strikes you from the get i mean it's just is the amount of f-bomb dropped <hes> and i don't know what it is but seeing seeing asian american characters say like fuck dislike just just kind of like left and right and without without restraint it was like jarring but also like really refreshing in the way that like when you hurt yourself with something and square and it makes you feel. It's a little bit better. You know that kind of thing and you're like getting that out and seeing that i don't know something about it was also you know just like seeing the asian guy beat up on the racist white character getting to see these guys to release with sort of without restraint this language i i liked that. I don't know why it's raw yeah and i think part of it. Too is look look. I mean the language that they are speaking is cantonese like it's english but it's cantonese right <hes> and i will just say that <hes> the candy supply no oh that's actually have bombs over yeah yeah yeah exactly it's like there's there's a jump in cantonese f-bomb totally cantonese language which has a remarkable array of profanity's a very exotic and incredibly metaphorically rich and deep deep and we don't if you don't speak that language. You don't know what the fuck is going on yeah but here we do because we basically have the equipment even of subtitles now right. I mean except it's coming out of their mouths. That's that's kind of how this this show's playing it. I agree that it's kind of one of the things i want to show it. I wanna the show the series to the kids. I don't think can for why yeah but hey it is what it is what i say this. I'm not objecting to the f. bombs i. I'm reacting to sort of like the jarring feeling of just hearing them racing. Yeah yeah yeah yeah i i. I do agree with that. I think okay so might have <hes> is going to cut back to this because i feel the most important and powerful thing for me about this is the way it's reinventing ending genre. I mean i'm actually going to step out a little bit and say you know when i saw get out right <hes> and saw how jordan peele had upended <hes> har and turn it into you know sort of a social issues like sort of ripping ripping out out the bitterest vein if you will <hes> of of society and then turning it into the throbbing center of of a piece of genre honor work. I'm like holy shit that is i. It's just so brilliant and so captain being i mean this show is a t._v. Show you know again if they met at a movie would have been very different. It can't quite do that because it's got a it's got a run time and <hes> arc's that are going to take a long time but the way that they're taking social whole <hes> context and weaving through this genre is really amazing to see and my w._f. In some ways is why how the fuck hasn't anybody done this earlier i mean the western is one of those people from trying to reinvent again and again and i just feeling nobody's really said okay. We're going to try to reinvent this. You've done with <hes> you know western comedies western horror. We've done western learn. <hes> old guy retired guys like unforgiven hateful eight. You know just like karen. Keno is westerns but the the sort of layered and dance. I think approach to telling the story of of racial politics and how they infused their way into a genre that is kind of the whitest genre of all genres. You'd think somebody would have done this earlier and no don't come got me with django. This is not it's not it's not saying high noon either. It's not just any neither props up so to me. I feel like the w._t._o. Take why haven't people done it sooner but the upside of that is there are more genres can easily be disrupting the same way and i think they will be and i hope they will be. I mean the the answer is racism hollywood yeah answer. Is you know the answer. The answer is in bruce. Lee's memoir. I mean like other because because they were ready to see asians as leads i mean and then if you look i mean in the in the way that we have talked about fresh off the boat and christian versions and talk about sort of the confluence of events that had to sort of recur <hes> those things to get married so the leaps and bounds and the sacrifices and the gambles it took guy like justin lin to come along and be like jannine college shannon be like is this true about this thing about the the legend of warrior and and then him having being made these you know a jillion dollar franchise furious and having having that cloud being able to say like let's get this made you know and and get the ball rolling that way and then even then you know it's like i don't know if this could have been like they had to develop it. I don't know if this could have been made. I don't think people would have been ready even five years ago. Go without the groundwork of all these other of our ecosystem actors to really you know t to rise up and for the public to be ready to have. Have you know this mediation faces like we haven't even talked about like this is kind of happening in it. We're having a little bit of a moment right now right another moment yeah asian august two asian april. This is happening as a record this like you know just a week. After sandro <hes> hosted saturday night live as a recorded right now <hes> the second season of killing steve is premiering. <hes> you know fresh off the boat. Onset episode celebrates one hundredth episode the other day <hes> kim's convenience season three just just <hes> <hes> went live on netflix couple days ago and we've got a lot kind of locking and loading coming forward. I mean it feels to me like <hes>. It's not just a moment moment i mean i think we're actually passing. It's a moment yeah. I feel like it's a change yeah <hes> and and i'd like to think it's one that isn't easily put the you can't put this genie back in the bomb. Yeah yeah yeah. It's it's it feels good. It feels good. <hes> it just it just like just a shit ton of really great programming to watch like oh and we got. We got to watch stuff that has asian too and it's also great you know so my queue is full right now. My heart is also <music> all right well. I think that's that does it for our warrior discussion. I i mean i for the most part we can as as they call spruce like pretty much recommended to anybody nobody and i i think so yeah employ people to get your cinemax subscriptions in order <hes> that does it for this episode because bruce <hes> jeff yang where can people find online they can find been watching the other three episodes of warrior but <hes> yeah the original spin <hes> on twitter mostly on twitter twitter and you know anywhere else. You might want to look for me <hes> and then <hes> you filth. Where can they find you. You can find me at angry asian man on most social media and and then at angry asian man dot com you can also find they call us bruce on twitter and facebook. Please engage was there will will try to engage back. That's right if you can hop onto apple podcasts and give us a rating or review. That's always super helpful for other people to find the show. We also just like like it when you give feedback back. That's nice yeah. That's about it. We want to thank everybody for listening to us and and give us the time of day and spending time with us until next time you've been and listening to they. Call us bruce with jeffersonville you our theme music is by kiro. Our producer is nick song. They call us. Bruce is a member of the potluck podcast collective featuring unique voices and stories from the asian american community find out more at podcast potluck dot com and thanks for listening <music>.
1031: One Daily Gratitude Ritual that Will Change the Way You Think by Marc Chernoff of Marc And Angel
"This is optimal living daily episode, ten thirty one one daily gratitude ritual that will change the way you think by Mark chernoff of Mark and angel dot com. And I'm just a mollusc the guy review every single day of the year, including weekends and holidays. Tell you optimize your life. Today's post being from Mark of Mark and angel before we get to it. Thank you too. Simple life nutrition for their support, their company that provides organic vegan Moringa Olea for products which are super nutritious. I'll tell you more about that after the article for now he can visit simple life nutrition dot com to learn more about the benefits and optimal living. Daily listeners get fifteen percent off their first order with a code old fifteen again that simple life nutrition dot com and the code. Oh, l. d. fifteen. So let's get right to it as we optimize your life. One daily gratitude ritual that will change the way you think by Mark Sharon off of Mark and angel dot com. I remember that rainy summer evening shortly after angel, and I lost to loved ones to illness, lost our livelihood in a layoff and ultimately lost sight of the goodness remained in our lives. When I found myself lying down on tile floor alone in the dark, just thinking angel and I rarely spoke openly about anything meaningful during that period of time. Mostly because by was withdrawn, I felt helpless and essentially depressed about what had happened. I was lost in the darkness of my own negative thinking, but something shifted in sign me as Alza lying on that tile floor. As I looked up and out the open window. Next, to me, the moon suddenly broke through the clouds and eliminated the dark room. I was in then within seconds, a light breeze star blowing the white window, curtains inward. And over me as occurrence fluttered in the air for feet over my body. I smiled it was a beautiful moment and without thinking twice, I whispered out loud life is still a miracle. To be grateful for angel walked into the room at that exact moment and whispered. I agree. She ducked under the currents and snuggled into me on the floor after a couple of moments of shared silence, we decided to list on things off the top of our minds that we are grateful for. Despite our struggles, our list of gratitude, look something like this. We had each other. We had parents extended family and some friends who loved us. We were reasonably healthy. Most of our family members and friends were reasonably healthy. We had some savings. We had shelter, water and food. We could experience and appreciate the beauty of the moonlight illuminating this dark room and the breeze making the current stance and the list went on. Of course, you get the gist even when everything seemed to be wrong. We had a lot going writes a lot to be grateful for that night. I resolved to change my thinking. It may gratitude daily ritual in my life, a gratitude ritual, a new. Effective nowadays, I spend twenty minutes every evening, focusing my thoughts exclusively on what I am grateful for and why I call it. My gratitude meditation does may seem like a trivial cliche practice Assam people. I'm here to tell you that is not at all trivial and as cliche as it may seem at first a ritual like this changes lives. He's what has changed in my life. Gradually as I've practiced my ritual of gratitude, I appreciate angel more until her so which has openly deepen our relationship by opening the gates to a more vulnerable and honest line of communication. I appreciate my extended family and close friends more because I pay closer attention to their positive qualities. I have grown kinder to everyone around me and kinder to myself too because ever placed many of my old needless judgments with simple appreciation, little frustrations bother me less because I complain less. I need less to be happy b.'s. I'm being present and sincerely appreciate. Sheeting. What I already have. I noticed life's simple pleasures in little moments more than I ever had before working through life's inevitable adversities has grown easier because instead of focusing on how painful everything is, I find gratitude and joy in the small steps of progress I make every day and this list goes on and on. But the important thing to realize is that all of these changes are incredibly positive and powerful. The arch, right? And they're far from being a cliche. My focus on graduate is fundamentally changed the way I think an live in the most incredible way imaginable. So what's the easiest way to create a daily ritual of gratitude in your life? Here's a super simple five minute daily gratitude ritual that has worked wonders for hundreds of our core students over the past decade. And before I worked my way up to a twenty minute gratitude meditation does where I started to every evening before you go to bed right down three things that went well during the day and their causes simply provide a show. Short causal explanation for each good thing. That's it. We spend tens of thousands of dollars on expensive electronics, big homes, fancy cars and lavish vacations, hoping for abused of happiness and positively. This is a simple free alternative in works. If you begin this ritual today, you just might be looking back on today. Many years from now as the day, and when your whole life changed note angel and I build little life-changing rituals like this with our students and the goals and growth module of getting back to happy. And if you need some extra inspiration reflect on these powerful gratitude mantras sometimes on the hardest of days, my still have a tough time mustering up enough positive energy to focus on things to be grateful for when this happens, a review, my notes on gratitude, the perspectives and lessons I've learned over the years that I've documented in various archived blog posts. And now our book I called these notes, my gratitude mantras an. On those days when everything seems to be going wrong, I will read through them and reflect on them for as long as it takes for me to find a source of gratitude. My pass these modules onto you in hopes that you will find refuge in them as well. Repeat them to yourself and reflect on them in those dark moments when you've lost track of what you have to be grateful for one when life gives you every reason to be negative. Think of one good reason to be positive. There's always something to be grateful for to the greatest secret to happiness and peace is letting every life situation be what it is. Is that of what you think it should be and then making the very best of it angel. And I discussed his further in the happiness. Chapter of one thousand little things, happy successful. People do differently three choose to smile today by taking life moment by moment, complaining very little and being thankful for the little things that mean a lot for, no, you won't always get what you want. But remember this, there are lots of. Who will never have what you have right now. Five happiness comes a lot easier when you stop complaining about your problems and he started being grateful for all the problems. You don't have six, never let all the things you want. Make you forget about all the things you have today focus on exactly what you have, not what you haven't and seven be grateful for your life for your health, your family, your friends, and your home. Many people don't have these things. You just listened to the post titled one daily gratitude ritual that will change the way you think by Mark chernoff of Mark and angel Darcom in today's world. Something that I forget to be grateful for is nutrition is tough for me when I'm working every day of the week and simple life. Nutrition is a company that provides organic in vegan marina Olea for products. I've heard a lot about moranga also known as a miracle tree is been featured by the New York Times, the Huffington Post the Discovery Channel and more because his extremely nutritious with over two dozen vitamins and minerals. All nine essential amino acids and over forty known antioxidant compounds. I've tried it. I've had the t multiple times, and the first thing I noticed is smells delicious right after opening of the package also prized and it tastes great of the pomegranate and original flavors of the t- try it out, visit simple life, nutrition dot com to learn more about how moranga can benefit your nutritional needs. And support your overall wellness pop them living daily listeners get fifteen percent off the first order with the code old fifteen plus a dollar for every sale with that code will be donated to feed the children, which is a nonprofit helping feed malnourished children again that simple life nutrition dot com. And the code is, oh, l. d. fifteen. I'll leave it there for today. Hope you have your gray day and I'll be back tomorrow for minimalist Monday where your optimal life awaits.
#853 A Sufficient Sacrifice (Psalm 40:610)
"Pre The word with David Platt is a resource from radical dot com chapter forty verses six through ten so in sacrifice offering. You have not delighted but you have given me an open year burnt offering and sin offering you have not required then I said behold I have come in the scroll of the book it is written of me I delight to do your will. Oh my God your law is within my heart. I have told the glad news of deliverance in the Great Kyra Gatien behold. I have not restrained my lips as you know. Lord I've not hidden your deliverance within my heart I've spoken of your faithfulness in your salvation. I have not concealed your steadfast love and your faithfulness from the Great Congregation found these verses. Give us a picture from the very beginning of the sacrifices and offerings the system. The gods set up among his people in the Old Testament to atone for cover over sin that the price vice of Sin Death. I paid through this sacrifice this offering and the wrath and judgement of God averted among his people but we know the book of Hebrews later makes clear that these sacrifices all throughout the Old Testament were ultimately insufficient to pay the full price for people's People's sin against God but that is the beauty even Assam chapter forty talks about one who delights to do the will of God the Law of God written on their heart. This is a description of the one who could be a perfect perfect sacrifice up perfect offering for us. This is the beauty of what we celebrate Christmas that Jesus has has come and his delight was to do the will of God perfectly without error without San then the law of God written on his heart and obeyed in his life completely in a way that was all right and perfectly pleasing to the father and in this way he alone could then be Sacrifice for sinners could offer his life on across to pay the price for sin if he had sin in his heart he could not not dive for centers the beauty of the Bible and what Song Forty and all the Old Testament are anticipating. Is One who will be a a perfect offering a perfect sacrifice on behalf of centers so we bow and re pray Lord Jesus all Glory. Sorry be to your name for you are the perfect sacrifice the perfect offering for centers. I like us. We do not perfectly do your will. We do not perfectly obey. You're a law written on our hearts but we praise you Jesus for doing what we could do for living the life we could not live even then for dying the death we deserve to die on the cross for us. So Jesus we praise you for your perfect sacrifice Agra feist for us and now by your sacrifice for us by the forgiveness of our sins by the power of your presence your spirit in us. We prayed you would help us to walk talk with you today. Help us to delight in your will. Your law written on our hearts help us to enjoy your law obedience to your law deliverance deliverance. From Sin. That you've made possible in our hearts based on your faithfulness and your salvation your steadfast love for us all glory to your name. Jesus for coming for paying the perfect price sacrifice offering your life life for our sin so that we might have life today in you. In Jesus name we pray Amen
AP Headline News Feb 06 2019 20:00 (EST)
"And now an ad from dad, right? Save money on car insurance when you bundle home and auto with progressive guy. Take these right? What is this? Wow. Where did you get this? I'm talking to you with the hair. Yeah. Where did you get this? Good stuff and solid. That's not veneer that solid stuff. Progressive can't save you from becoming your parents, but we can save you money when you bundle home and auto. Progressive casualty insurance company affiliates and other insurance discounts not available in all states or situations. Fly daily with Qatar Airways from Dublin and embark on an unforgettable journey to one of more than one hundred and sixty destinations worldwide, including Perth, Capetown, Singapore and the Maldives via Doha book now at Qatar Airways dot com, Qatar Airways going places together. AP radio news. I'm Tim McGuire. President Trump expects the Assam state group will soon lose the last remnants of territory and holds in Syria should be formally announced sometime probably next week that we will have one hundred percent of the caliphate. But I want to wait for the official word now want to say it too early Trump from a State Department speech, the representatives avai seventy nine member US led coalition fighting the group even with the Islamic state group holding an area of less than two square miles. There are fears at a US withdrawal could imperil those gains House Democrats ramping up their legislative agenda opening hearings on gun control AP saga megani. At the houses. I pro gun control hearing it at least eight years judiciary committee chairman Jerry Nadler said he's disappointed. President Trump did not mention gun violence in his state of the union address. And that Republicans have all been ignored it. Now, we begin a new chapter Democrats are promising to move on things, including expanded background checks. Doug Collins, panel's top Republican says those would not have stopped recent mass shootings and the focus should instead beyond criminal behavior. Either way Houston police chief art osservato says congress has to do so. Something because our streets are neighborhoods are truly drowning in the in the blood of our victims and the tears of their loved ones. Saga megani? Washington. Federal and state investigators say Robert Costa, professional photographer, drugged and sexually assaulted young models or aspiring models that he worked with in Oregon and California coasters accused of thirty two counts of bringing young women and girls to remote property outside mcminnville, Oregon, taking Newt photos of them and sexually assaulting them. They're investigators say they have many photos and videos found in a raid on that property. This is a P radio news. A federal watchdog is recommending major changes in payday lending rules. Mike Rossier with detail. Consumer financial protection bureau has announced plans to abolish nearly all regulations governing payday lenders the move by the CFP is a major win for the payday lending industry and loss for consumer groups, the centerpiece of existing regulations requires lenders to verify the borrowers could afford to repay a payday loan without being trapped in a cycle of debt under the new rules that requirement would be eliminated. Also gone would be limits on the number of payday loans. A borrower could roll over. The proposed new rules are subject to a ninety day comment period by the public Mike Rossier. Washington at a Moines Iowa man pleads guilty to animal neglect an embarrassment after being accused of throwing a two year old Chihuahua named Oscar into a trash bin. The man was sentenced to sixty days in jail fifty five days suspended in a year's probation during which he must complete an animal welfare. Course, I'm Tim Maguire AP radio news. Am no an ad from dad. All right. Save money on car insurance when you bundle home and auto with progressive. Gotta take these off. Right. What is this? Good. Wow. Wow. Where did you get this? I'm talking to you with the hair. Yeah. Where did you get this? Good stuff. Solid. That's not veneer that solid stuff. Progressive can save you from becoming your parents, but we can save you money when you bundle home and auto. Progressive casualty insurance company affiliates and other insurance discounts not available in all states or situations. I'm Jay Farner, CEO of Quicken Loans, America's premier home purchase lender. We've created a new way to protect you from unpredictable interest rates are exclusive rate shield approval. I we lock your interest rate for up to ninety days. Then if rates go up your rate stays locked. But if rates go down your rate drops either way you win. Call us today at eight hundred quicken or go to rocketmortgage dot com, racial approval. Only ballot on certain thirty year fixed rate loans, offer cost information and conditions. Equal housing lender. Licensed in all fifty states MLS number thirty thirty additional conditions are exclusions may apply.
#902 An Eternal Family (Psalm 128:6)
"Pre The word with David Platt is AVI source from radical dot net. One Twenty eight verse six. May you see see your children's Children Psalm. One Twenty eight really has a special place in my heart. This is The chapter that I preached at my Dad's funeral it talks about Blast man who fears God whose Whose wife is like a fruitful vine within his house whose children are like olive shoots around his table? It's just a powerful picture of God's grace and a man who leads his home well who fears God and the fruit that flows from that. Then you get to verse six and says may you see your children's children. This is one of the things. That's most sad when I read this. I think about my dad's funeral because he never met my kids he never met each of my I tell them all about GRANDPA but they've never met him. They've seen pictures of him and I. I wish that they could have met him. I wished that he could have seen them. But you know that leads to the beauty. I believe of Assam one. Twenty eight six. May you see your children's children because those who fear the Lord will see their children's children assuming those children trust in Jesus and assuming assuming those children also fear the Lord. The reality reality is one day my kids trust in Jesus will meet GRANDPA in fact. They're going to meet him really really soon. Relatively and they're going to have a lot of time with him like eternity with them. The beauty of what happens when we fear. God it is that we find ourselves apart of family that transcends this world and so I'm looking forward to the day day when my son's my daughter finally meet Grandpa and he meets them and together. We celebrate. Celebrate the fruit of the blessing of God that transcends this world so God i Pray based on someone twenty eight that you would make me a faithful husband and dad like this chapter talks about like I've seen in my dad got I pray that Ed forever every other husband or Dad. WHO's listening to this right now? Got I pray. You'd have to be faithful husbands faithful DADS to live what's GonNa matter forever. Pray for for women who are wives MOMS for them to be faithful live faithful moms live and their families. What matters forever? I pray for a single brothers and sisters they would see themselves as part of family that transcends physical ties to live for children for spiritual the children for disciples to be made that transcend this world and even the poor the Gospel end to other physical children. Brin that together we might teach the next generation to know you got even in my own life got. I would love to meet my children's children. They got. I would love that. I asked for that. I would love to meet him but God I I know. That's not guaranteed. But God I I pray in a much deeper way than I pray that I would see them in on this earth. God I pray that I would see them in. Eternity got I pray for my children's children to know you got to pray that they would know you they would receive your grace. God I pray right now from my kids kids and for their kids God for generations that I will not see in this world got I pray that I would see them in heaven. God I pray that you would bring them to Christ lead for that. I I pray for that for all of us who were praying this right now for two generations from now three generations from now that we would have people in our families who love. I love you and know you and worship you enter in heaven with you as a result of our walks with you to help plus to fear you love you. Help us to love those who are coming behind us in such a way that they know your love and those who come behind them know your love love and those who come behind them no and enjoy and receive and walk in your love and love you know God police least cause your grace to be passed down from generation to generation through our lives. We pray in Jesus name
Footsteps to Heaven - The Life-Changing Liturgy of the Word
"The following podcast was made possible by the sponsorship of Theresa Leong Lee and by Catholic digital resources where you can find downloadable faith formation resources and evangelization tools visit Catholic digital resources at Catholic D._R.. Dot Com to build your own faith and the faith of others that's Catholic D._R.. Dot Com the good news ministries of G. N. DOT ORG presents footsteps to Heaven Life's journey full of challenges. Sometimes we get stalled. Sometimes we get sidetracked when we walk with Jesus in the power the Holy Spirit to the destination that God the father designed for us the results are better than we could ask for or imagine and now here's your host Terry Modibo in this episode assode in the series that were doing on going deeper into the mass. We're going to look at the liturgy of the word and how to make it more meaningful how to make it more face building therefore for how to make it more life changing for us and for others the liturgy of the word comes to us in on Sunday mass four parts during weekday mass three parts plus the homily namely the three parts of daily mass is the first reading Assam Reading and the Gospel on Sunday mass we add to that the second treating the first reading is always from the old old testament except during the Easter season it tells the story it unfolds for us over the course of time how God revealed himself to the chosen people the Hebrews the Jews before Jesus was born now the first reading it's interesting to note that the first reading and the Gospel reading usually go together they complement each other in some way with a common theme because what was was proclaimed in the Old Testament in preparation for the coming of the Messiah was fulfilled in Christ by attending to the Liturgy of the word in mass. We are given the big picture we are given even the the salvation story that began long before the birth the incarnation of Christ but it is fulfilled culminated in Christ and continued implemented and the church the second reading is about the life of the church. It's taken this. It's a scripture from somewhere in the New Testament except for the Gospel readings the scriptures chosen for the second get reading are always from the New Testament the parts that come after the gospel reading these are writings at tell us about life in the Christian church. These are writings at tell us what it's supposed to be like to be a Christian region to live out our Christian calling could be followers of Christ and then to be filled with the Holy Spirit and grown holiness and change the world to help the world girl in holiness in the second second reading which is only remember on Sundays. We are given scriptures that come from the New Testament the books of the Bible that come after the gospels these are writings that tell us about life in the Christian church what life was like for the first Christians and what life is supposed to be like for us. It's about life in the Holy Spirit. It's about life of evangelizing others. It's about the the life of changing the world it's about the life of continuing the mission of Christ because of this because of Jesus interacting through the Christian church the second readings of mass us is about Jesus not in the same way that the gospel readings will be but it is Jesus revealing himself to us to teach us how to live as followers and between the first reading and the second reading is the response soil song you know think of an Oreo cookie oreo cookie is to chocolate cookies with delicious icing in between them a sandwich that creamy center yes the Response Royal Psalm Response Royal Psalm is meant to be sung although very often during daily mass. It's not song but it is a him. They were written as his prayers to be Sung. The Response Royal Psalm as the name indicates response soil is we are responding in a prayer conversation with God. We are responding being back and forth someone is leading it on behalf of God and this is a prayer conversation reason why the response Royal Psalm is that delicious icing in the center of the cookie is because yes it is that moment where we're no longer just sitting there listening but we are actively in a conversation with God we are actively as a community congregation joining joining together in a litany in a back and forth people taking parts usually the psalms have something to say about being joyful reasons to be joyful. How God has rescued us? Sometimes they also include how we are centers which again reminds us of why we need the liturgy of the word and why we need the penitential right which I covered in earlier episode of this podcast series and why we need the Eucharist which is coming soon in the mass when it's time for the Gospel Reading the The Gospel Book is carried in Procession to the Ambu that Gospel book was I brought into the church during the initial procession at the beginning of mass the book that is carried in that initial procession is not the election airy that includes all of the readings it is just the book of the Gospels to highlight the importance of the Gospel and in Jesus Christ. This book is carried with people who enter in procession as the congregation is singing and welcoming the word Jesus. The word made flesh. Welcoming Jesus and being welcomed by Jesus all that's going on at the beginning of mass in that <unk> procession and then that book is placed on the altar usually propped up so that we can see it while we are waiting for the time of mass to calm when the gospels read to us and when it is time in allergic of the word for that the procession continues it is brought from the altar to the Ambro. The embryo is what we call the the lectern or the pulpit this activity. This symbolism of this action is to remind us that we are not only fed by Christ's body and blood during the energy of the Eucharist but we're also fed by the word of God. That's why it was placed. The book of the Gospels was placed on the altar not directly carried to the Ambu at the the beginning of mass the gospel reading comes from either the book of Matthew Mark Lucre John The word Gospel by the way you know what that means right it means good news and what is the good news that Jesus loves loves US and died for us. That's how much he loves US IN ORDER TO TAKE US to heaven because the father loves US and wants to spend eternity with us because of this love we've been given the Holy Spirit to help us become the holy saints that we need to become in order to get to heaven we don't get to heaven by our own efforts but we get to heaven through Jesus our Savior through the father's love through the Holy Spirit helping us to become holy. Nothing that is sinful gets to heaven anything that we die with that is not up. God needs to get purged from US best is purge from us during our earthly life. That's why we are given the Holy Spirit. That's why we are given the liturgy of the word at mass and that's why also by the mercy of God we are given purgatory. If we are not completely holy by the time we die and I don't. I don't think there's very many of us who die it. Complete State of grace have before the Gospel is read to us we draw crosses on our forehead our lips and over our heart. Why do we do this? We are supposed to be making a prayer when we do that. We're supposed to be praying. Silently may the words of Jesus remain in my mind on my lips and in my heart and this is so important let me repeat it. We are supposed to be praying. Silently may the words of Jesus remain in my mind on my lips and in my heart this is a mental and spiritual preparation to receive the food that is now going to be given to us by Jesus himself. We're asking Jesus to reveal himself in the scriptures and in the homily that follows we're asking that his words will change us forever and we are acknowledging that it is not the man who is reading the Gospel the Deacon or the Priest who's reading the Gospel who is speaking the words of the Gospel it is Jesus himself by the sacrament of holy orders. The Deacon or the priest is standing in for Jesus and it is Jesus super naturally by that sacrament by the grace of that sacrament regardless notice of the condition of the <unk> taken whether they're sinful or holy it is Jesus through that sacrament speaking to us. This is why when the Gospel is read we stand up we stand up to hear the Gospel reading because we are acknowledging that it is Jesus who is speaking to us and standing up is an act of reverence it is really important to have an open mind in open heart so that we have open ears to hear what God wants to say to us through the Scriptures and then through the homily that follows it is meant to change us. It is meant to empower us to go out up from Church when masses over and change the world. This is why the Ministry of Reading the word of God and cantering the Psalm readings the response Royal Psalm is a work of evangelization. You never know who in the congregation is there for the first time or for the first time in a long time and God wants to inspire us through the Lergy the word and equip everyone to be able to leave church a little more prepared to evangelize others others to help with that just in case the person who is doing the reading doesn't really understand their mission of evangelization and does it poorly reads it as if they were just words on a page rather than the word of God God himself being presented to us just in case the homily is not inspiring the liturgy the word is so important and we need to prepare for it before becoming a mass we can prepare by reading or listening to podcast that are commentaries on scripture readings that we are going to receive leave at that mess at good news ministries we provide every day of the week good news reflections on the readings for mass. You can go to our website G._M.. Dot Org to see them. You can have them texted to you on what's APP you can go to our podcast version of them at breadbox media dot com look for good news reflections and you you can have them emailed to you from our website and of course there are other good sources of commentaries that help us to reflect on the readings that we're going to hear what is happening opening in the liturgy of the word or what should be happening in our spirits in our our lives is so important that in between each of the readings earnings were supposed to have moments of silence to ponder and reflect on what we have just heard or what we have just sung in response Royal Psalm to allow it to touch our hearts in our minds and to change our lives to heal us to inspire us and to help us grow in holiness we need to be sitting there or as we are standing up for the Gospel reading. WE NEED TO BE MENTALLY IN A. Posture of pondering reflecting what board are you saying to me today. Through this part of the mass then after the Gospel is finished being read we hear the homily which is supposed to be the word broken open for us revealing things to ponder things. We hadn't thought about before things that can heal us feed us change us it. It seems to me that this is such an important opportunity for the clergy. That's the priest or Deacon who's doing the homily such an important opportunity to make a difference that it's terribly ably dangerous sin to not us at opportunity rightly to preach heresy for example which happens all too often sometimes Harris or taught out of ignorance but usually it's out of personal desire to rewrite the word of God to suit one's own view of how it should be. I describe an example of this episode number eighteen. Another example is when a homily is used to increase donations thanks to the church which is fine as long as it's a faith producing lesson that comes from the readings of the day if the church needs to raise more funds speak that truth before mass begins or at the N._S.. That's where it belongs because the homily is supposed to be tied into the readings. We've just heard it is the word of God brought out into to our lives making it so that the word becomes more embedded in US making it so that it changes us just as dangerous and sinful is when the word of God speaks of truth that people generally. I really don't like to hear and instead of helping the congregation discover the love of God that underlies this difficult truth. The Hamas avoids the topic altogether. We live in a time when understanding the truth is needed more than it. I used to be because people are uncategorized more than it used than we used to be. People have been accepting the deceptions of the devil has been permeating society with more than it it used to be I believe because of this that a homily that doesn't change people in some way related to what the word of God what is speaking on that day that Hamas is going to be face to face with Jesus some day at the moment of death and is going to be held accountable for each and every one of those moments and is going to be spending more time in purgatory because of those missed opportunities but if you're lay person who's listening to this and there's nothing you can do to improve the homilies in your parish by the way why not not give your priest a link to this podcast episode <hes> but if there's nothing you can do. I'm not proposing that you go and and criticize your priest and bad mouth your priest others please don't do that. I am not here to tell you that you need to scold your priest. Maybe you can sit down with the priest and give him a heart to heart conversation about what it would mean to you if his homilies families were more deeply enriching but regardless of whether or not you can have a say in that. Let me give you an antidote to bad homilies. Here's the antidote prepare before mass arrive at church already in conversation with the Holy Spirit about the days readings. Look at the readings before mass read or listen to a commentary about those readings begin to talk to the Holy Spirit about what those readings are saying to you in your life today. Jesus is speaking to you. During the liturgy of the word regardless of how well the word is red regardless of what the homily is like. Jesus is speaking to you through his Holy Spirit. The First Chapter of the Gospel of John Makes this clear. It tells us that when Jesus was born the word of God became flesh. I may quote that to you in the beginning was the word in the word was with God and the word was got. He was with God in the beginning skipping skipping to verse four now in Him was life and that life was the light of all mankind all humankind that light shines in the darkness and don't we have a dark world out there and the darkness has has not overcome this light I nine the true light that gives light to everyone was coming into the world that coming into the world was Jesus us and that coming is happening every time we are attending the liturgy of the word in church as well as when we are reading the word of God in our own private lives in the purpose of including liturgy of the word in mass is to enlighten us because the light shines in darkness the Catholic Church is very scripture-based. If we go to mass every day over the course of three years on Sundays in two years on weekdays we will have heard the entire Bible we will have been enlightened by the entire Bible not every versus the Bible but every part of the Bible every seen every truth <music> in Matthew Chapter Thirteen Jesus describes the word of God is a seed when you go to mass what grows Jesus said a farmer went out to so his seed and he and as he was sowing some seed fell along the path and the birds came in and devoured it some fell on rocky ground where did not have much soil it sprang up quickly because the soil was shallow but when the sun rose is seedlings were scorched and they withered because they had no route others seed fell on thorns which grew up and choke the seedlings still other seed fill on good soil and produced a crop a hundredfold sixty fold thirty fault and this is how Jesus explained the parable. I nineteen when anyone here's the message of the Kingdom but does not understand it. The evil one comes and snatches away what was so in his heart. This is the seed sewn along the path. Take note the evil one is real the evil one does come and snatch away whatever is sewn along a path but does not sink get into fertile soil if you have fertile soil if your life is fertile soil for the word of God because you have done the preparation work you know what makes soil fertile the telling of the soil the preparation can you do before mass is telling of the soil if we do not till our soil we may hear the word of guy we may have a great homily but the devil comes along afterwards and snatches away <music> demons are looking for opportunities. It is real my friend. Demons will look for opportunities to find where the word of God has not taken root in you so that he can snatched snatched away and hide it so that you will believe lies that devil wants you to believe in verse twenty Jesus Talks about the seed that was sewn on rocky ground and he says that that is the one who here's here's the word and properly receives it with joy but since he has no route he remains only for season when trouble or persecution calms because of the word he quickly falls away again. If you don't have fertile soil that's been tilled. You may receive the word with great joy. When you hear it at mass? Were read it at home until trouble comes persecution comes especially Jesus said because of the word for example if you look at what Jesus says in the word about divorce and how remarrying is adultery if that first marriage was valid and then trouble comes in your marriage. How quickly do you rationalize that Jesus didn't really mean that you were sending if you get divorced it and then remarry remarry without first proving to an annulment that the first marriage was not really valid anyways in verse twenty two Jesus Talks about the see that was shown among thorns and he says this is the one who here's the word but the worries stories of this life and the deceitfulness of wealth choke the word and becomes unfruitful? There are lots of thorns around us. The thorns around us are the prickly situations nations in life that make it uncomfortable to live by the word any worries that you have any ongoing anxieties fears these are thorns warns that choke the truth choke you from understanding choking out the truth. That's trying to grow in you and so your life becomes unfruitful to bear good fruits and when scripture talks about fruitfulness fruitfulness is talking about fruits that lasts for eternity worry separates us from the piece of God from trusting in God from faith that gets us through all kinds of troubles. Worry is from the devil Jesus told us do not worry time and again scripture tells us do not worry because it is a demon produced sin to continue yes okay at first something happens and we worry about it. That's okay that's human reaction but if we stay stuck there that's demonic and our lies will not bear eternal fruit and then in verse twenty three Jesus says but the siege sewn on good soil is the one who here's the word and understands it he bears good fruit and produces a crop a hundredfold sixty fold thirty full. We need to hear the word and understand it. Go to Bible. Study classes glasses join a small Christian community group that reflects on the readings for the Sunday mass. That's coming up. Listen to the homily find homilies online. There's always on Youtube. There's good homilies on published as podcasts and remember good news ministries provides daily reflections the good news reflections on the readings for mass every day of the week. You can listen to the goodness. Reflections is on podcasts on the way to mass. They're less than five minutes long so even if churches just down the street from you you can begin to understand what you're going to be entering into when you are. You're in the literature. Give the word at mass. How fertile is your soil? What are you doing to till your soil to make it more fertile? Pray with me now. In the name of the father and son the Holy Spirit Com Holy Spirit you you teach us all that we need to know come Holy Spirit. You are the spirit of truth come. Holy Spirit helped me to understand the true said is being spoken that is being song is being given to me during mass in the liturgy of the Word Come Holy Spirit fill me with your homily about the word of God. Come Holy Spirit renew me come Holy Spirit fill me Kamali Spirit you of my permission to change me a man. This podcast was made possible by supporters of good news ministries who hoped to strengthen and build your faith. If this episode speaks to your heart than I ask you to pass it along to your family and friends shared on facebook and twitter forward it by text an email and let us know what the Holy Spirit veered is doing in your life. How has this episode made a difference? You can contact me through the good news ministries website at G. N.. M. Dot Org or by texting me. If you are one of Var subscribers on what's APP. May I ask a favor of you. Please covers this life changing podcast ministry in your daily prayers and if you can help me continue making these podcasts podcasts by becoming sponsor any donation is helpful but we are specially seeking sponsors for upcoming episodes. You've been listening to Terry Modibo of good news.
Babich Marlborough Sauvignon Blanc 2019
"Wrong cheap wine finder dot com. and which is how we start off every one of these and looks. That's who I am and that's who we are and what we are doing is talking about a wine that we just put it on the cheap wine finder dot com website. Just a little bit ago. It's a Marlborough New Zealand Zealand. Assam block from Babich. Babich is a family owned winery. They've been around since nineteen sixteen There's still three generations of family calling the shots out there so they've been making wine in New Zealand for a long long time this particular violin. And I think I talked to the name backwards or inside out. And if the Babbit Dj Marlboro Soviet Block Doc Twenty Nine Yeah Twenty nine. I know we're just a few weeks into twenty twenty bump non New Zealand has there were Summers and winters on the opposite side of us. So this is a young wine But they I think they think they restarted For forementioned back in April. So it's it's a young wine which means don't bother aging it. The day you buy is pretty much the day you I probably should UNSCREW the top. DRINK IT I haven't been around. Your House is not GonNa make it any better but that's fine because you can pretty much by this one everywhere everywhere. It's all over. The place. Baggage has been around forever. This particular brand has been around since nineteen ninety once. We're going on thirty thirty years. Which means that it's been good for a long time and it is this is classic New Zealand Soviet bloc? Young Bright Bright Fruity bold but not too bold easy to drink. It's got this nice creamy thing in the mid pal which I really liked that. They don't always Hab. This one does and I think that's really enticing and it's just great what you want in a New Zealand Saban Blonde could but I've Kinda love New Zealand's on block. Ever since I was wearing them we've been doing the website for this is going to be our twelve years sometime this year. Our anniversary we don't even know when we started Burhanuddin is going to be an April or something And just before we started. When I think the first few times I've had New Zealand Saban Block block and back in those days? They also had a lot of Pinot Noir under twenty bucks and that's kind of dried up never ever seen New Zealand in an warning. Well I mean there are there but they were just as hot and his had just same kind of buzz that the blockhead but something happened to it and it's gone I don't know I I think they they might have gone upscale a little bit selling their You know shipping everything from New Zealand to compete with California's Pinot noirs probably wasn't the easiest thing in the world there are Sabio inbox in California. There's some good ones bump you know New Zealand's got the name I'm on that actually Lot of times you'll see and California SOM- blonde called fool may block because back the day that no one would buy Saab Yom block but slowly changing named who may block and start selling it so Sometimes if you will may block it. It's a made up name just but it Soviet block but that's the point because we're talking about New Zealand It's in the South Island Marlboro makes up about two thirds of all the winds coming out of New Zealand and one of the main people there. I mean if you're looking for a New Zealand Salvino beyond blocked there. You make all your daily daily rotation new winds. This is actually a really good. When there there are some very good labels Out of New Zealand. And this is one of the preeminent wants to. It's great one. I'm having a great time. You know you know light breezy bold flavors but smooth. You know you can sunshine in a bottle. It's like spring in the middle of winter and soviet-bloc doesn't have to be that way in in Bordeaux they They mix it with some semion and they even have some that are oak aged in there are Bordeaux blocks which is they never beauty. Never put some Soviet block on the bottle in Bordeaux you can agent for twenty five thirty years. They're like legendary. I never had one book So they tell me but I kind of like the young stuff. I think I am not limousine out too much. 'cause I'm really enjoying these. I'm GONNA take a SIP because I've got wine in my hand and I tend to take sips when I have a man. I don't think this podcast is GonNa be all that long because there's not too much to say about it it's good. It's what you expect from a New Zealand I block I think I found it on sale for nine ninety nine normally closer to twelve bucks ninety nine thousand nine. It's like hard to beat that it's really well. All made the producers been around forever. They know what they're doing. They make eighty percent of it. They said. Eighty percent of their savvy on blocks come from their own vineyards and the other twenty percent from contract vineyards. That's always one thing I see. Oh it's from our vineyard. We'll how do I know you're vineyards any better than the guy next door. I don't actually. It's a selling point. It sounds good and it can be good. But but since they've been around since nineteen sixteen you figure they know what they're doing wieners. Just some common sense point to wind too. So that's what we got here. It's a really nice young drink as soon as you buy it. Not In the way home. Wait to get out of the car and and there's other really good brands out there but this one is salad if you're looking to find a daily driver for yourself your own block of this. It's not a bad one to try. It's got that mid pell debt creamy thing in the mid pal that's really entice in it's easy to drink it's It does what you you want to do. And that's it for me keep it cheap over out Like I said what else can you say about a really good New Zealand. Salvio block it is his wooded is and what it is is good. So I'll talk to you in a few more days. We've got a whole year of stuff coming up and we're going to have some fun. Hopefully we can tip Peterson. Winds that you enjoy and and some lands you go. What the heck was he thinking but to each his own when it comes to wine and that is the key word here? You'll find find out what you want. Don't really go by what other people tell you. Don't well you can go by what I tell everybody else. Well yeah abyss a bit so there you go but the best thing you can learn about wine is what you like yourself and maybe if you listen to us and read us you can maybe would get a few tips and figure it out for your own self so audios and we'll talk to you later bye-bye
Three Ideas To Fight The Recession
"N. P. R. Last week the US past the two point two trillion dollar corona virus aid relief and Economic Security. Act or the cares act among many other things. The bill will increase the money. People get from unemployment benefits and it also includes one time payments of twelve hundred dollars to adults who make up to seventy five thousand dollars a year. Cloudy Assam is the director of Macroeconomic Policy. The Washington Center for equitable growth think-tank. She says that the bill might not have been perfect but she was relieved when it passed especially because some of the policies were consistent with good evidence in research including some of cloudy his own research. Cloudy herself was one of the economists who advised Democrats in the House of Representatives. I honestly did not sleep well for several weeks until I woke up in the middle of the night and saw that the Senate had passed the relief package but cloudy and a number of other. Economists said Yeah. This is a great start. This is a huge bill and it might seem like Congress has just pulled out all the stops but they also say that. The work of policymakers is not finished yet because the economic damage from the corona virus pandemic could be much worse than policymakers expected when they started legislating that Bill. I'm Stacey Smith and I'm Cardiff Garcia indicator for planet money. What else can be done? We are looking at three ideas from economists. That were not in last week's bill but would still help and first up is an idea from cloudy. Assam herself and it is this. Make future payments from the government automatic. The premise here is simple. That you can tether a policy like those direct payments to an economic indicator such as the unemployment rate so for example if the unemployment rate goes up by a certain amount. Let's say if it hits eight percent then it would automatically trigger another payment directly to individuals now as it stands people will start getting their payments from last week's bill within the next few weeks or in some cases months and cloudy says Congress needs to be ready in case the unemployment rate just keeps shooting up into the spring and summer. I think there should be a commitment. If the unemployed jumps which is going to commit win it jumps. You'll get another payment sometime later in the summer. Any third payment towards the end of the year the advantage of using automatic triggers to guide certain policies is the congress doesn't have to spend precious time debating and legislating a new bill if economic conditions. Get worse it also means the congress doesn't have to perfectly predict what will happen to the economy cars would commit to do what it takes. That will be so important regardless of what it is that it takes and for payments from the government to people to be effective. They need to reach the people fast as fast as possible right now the people who are. GonNa get their payments. The fastest are people whose direct deposit accounts. The accounts that they have with their banks are already on file with the IRS. So the government can just directly deposit their money into their accounts but there's a lot of other people throughout the country who do not have direct information on file with the IRS and a lot of them are the under banked which means they do have bank accounts but they do not always use them instead they might cash their paychecks through really expensive. Check cashing services. Almost one out of every five households is under banked. So here is the second idea and it comes from Michigan State University economist. Lisa Cook whenever the government is sending out direct payments to people. The government should give people the option to receive those payments using mobile. Money and mobile. Money is exactly what it sounds like. Lisa says it's just that mobile payments our payments facilitated by electronic transfers mobile applications. That's all for example mobile apps like fen mow or pay POW Zell. Lisa is proposing that people should have the option to get their money from the government through one of these APPs. So they'll get the money much faster than if the government has to send them a physical check and I think that this is a way to keep the economy afloat because the money gets to you quickly and you can pass it on to another person. Quickly and avoid cash-flow problems avoid bankruptcy. Plus there are people who might have moved recently changing address and if the government doesn't have a current address it might end up taking longer to get them the money with mobile payments address. Changes just wouldn't matter. This is why I'm really concerned about young people. Because young people say college students who are not dependence on their parents taxes or on on anyone's tax retards the move around a lot so and given this crisis people moved back home or move somewhere. They've moved somewhere else so they can still get the money because they will have their phones in their hands. So those are two ideas for how the government can get money to people faster and more effectively use automatic triggers for win to send more money and let people get that money on their mobile APPs and after the break one last idea for how to best help small businesses this message comments from NPR sponsored. Show Bonnie out made to taste just like milk. It's creamy frothy and great with coffee and cookies. But without the dairy because it's not milk it's almost milk new Shabani owed support for this. Podcast comes from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation helping NPR advanced journalistic excellence in the digital age. Adamos make is the chief economist of the freelancer job. Search site up work and he's also a small business owner along with two partners. He owns decades. Which is a cross between a bowling alley and arcade and a restaurant in Lancaster Pennsylvania? We just had our one year anniversary. It occurred on three days before the St John's down. That was roughly two weeks ago soon. After that revenues for decades win two zero the two point two trillion dollar bill passed last week did include almost three hundred and fifty billion dollars in loans for small businesses and if a business rehires enough of its staff then it might not even have to pay back the loan at all but Adams says there's a few problems with the bill one is that the loans will take too long to administer and small businesses are already running out of time but also the bill limits. How much money businesses borrow about two and a half months worth of payrolls what they pay their workers but businesses have other costs besides payrolls like mortgages and electric bills. So the money would run out even than that. So Adam along with John Lati- area of the economic innovation. Group came up with another idea so a small business could go to. Its Normal Bank to take out a much bigger loan alone. Roughly twice the size of the businesses annual costs the loan would be zero percent interest and the US government would ensure the loan one hundred percent so that the bank could immediately extend alone without worrying about getting paid back and the loan would be very long-term businesses could pay back the loan over twenty years or Adam says even thirty years so that their monthly payments would go down by a lot so to take specific example. Consider a restaurant that currently has a five-year debt with a seven percent interest rate. And they're paying that every single month now they can refinance into a thirty year loan at zero percent interest then their monthly payments go way down way down and so that is lower operating expenditures. Not just next month but every month going forward small businesses would be able to refinance their existing debt which means they'll entirely saved the cost of interest payments and because they get the money upfront. It would help them keep paying their bills their mortgages electricity and it would let them keep investing in their business after the crisis passes because they won't be starved for cash after two or three months of not making any money. Adams's the reason. It's a good idea to extend these generous loans is that this is not a normal recession. When weaker businesses are allowed to fail and stronger businesses might have the chance to succeed right now. Almost all businesses are suffering in one way or another from an event. That's not their fault. In event they could not possibly have prevented. You really WANNA save everybody. You want all these businesses to be intact in a month or two months from now when we turn the lights back on the economy so that we can bounce back quickly but that requires all the businesses to survive. We need everybody. You can't have you know five years worth of normal business failures happen in one month and expect to bounce back. There is a lot more to these ideas. And if you WANNA see. Those details will post links from cloudy and Lisa Adam at NPR dot org slash money. This episode of the indicator was produced by Dr Raphael. In fact check by Britney Cronin our editors Paddy Hirsch in the indicator is a production of NPR. If you're looking for more news about corona virus. Npr has new daily podcast for just that. It's called Corona virus daily with new episodes every weekday in the late afternoon.
BGN #208 I The Cast of Warrior
"You're listening to the black girl nerds? PODCAST. Think seven eight hundred bleeping at the end the world. and. Every from. Arrive to space that we make colonize target gave. The actors were. Black. Benedict. Police. Owners. Welcome to the black GRONER's podcast. I'm your host Ryan and you know these days I've been feeling like, I just need a squad a warriors just the kind of follow me around these days with all this that's being thrown at us a you know if I was GonNa, put my squad together I would have to start it with my guest today because her source skills are unmatched. And before I introduce I, WanNa talk about the show she's on I she's on warrior in is going to premiere October second on cinemax she plays a toy. And she is a Ma- Madam for brothel and I, you hear that and you thinking Oh. What kind of because I think that's what she wants you to think that it's not a lot of competition going on in. She's GonNa Kinda high behind the scenes But yeah, she's out a surprise. You guys. If you have not checked out the series, you definitely need to get ready to come first season two, and so I'm glad to have her and I'm talking about Libya chain and she is also a Canadian accent. And a broadcast journalist and you've also probably seeing her on Netflix's Polo. So a Livia. Welcome. Thank you so much for talking to me today. Thank you so much for having me. All right. So I gotta start with the very at the top here and just figure out how did you even become involved in warrior like what was that? Yes call for you for for a toy. You know I think the biggest. Yes. Card for me was the fact of who is involved. You know it's it's not only a Bruce Lee legacy project that has the blessing of. His daughter Shannon Lee and very much has her Fingerprints all over it but it's also backed by Justin Lin. Who for so many Asian North Americans is someone that we all respect so much for the inroads he made on behalf of our community in Hollywood. And Jonathan proper who you know comes from being this bestselling novelist to this incredible show runner behind you know one of the biggest guilty pleasures I would hear people in the industry talking about. Banshee. So I. Think it was my trust in the team and the fact that it was housed within. CINEMAX HBO. That kinda made me take the leap of faith because I think what a lot of people don't understand is when we sign these contracts and we sign up for five seasons. We don't actually know what they plan to do our characters. We don't know where I WANNA go. So it's a huge leap of faith. And I'm really glad that I you know bet on this team. Because you guys by the way, if you guys like I said you guys haven't checked it out. It will really encourage you to find that warriors spirit because it's so awesome. The things that it talks about for listeners that don't know it is addressing the nineteenth century gangs gang wars in San Francisco in Chinatown. It's also addressing a lot of the issues of Chinese immigration and so. I want to ask you what I guess maybe research for your character or maybe all set. was there anything historical? Wise. It kind of shocks you that she was surprised to find out about that century or about what was going on in that time period. Because I, I already have been such a history buff a my production company is actually named La Cantuta productions. Which I got from women who run with the wolves by Dr Clipping. Coletta says an he describes the term as a musical songstress quality to it as well. But she defined the term as keeper of old stories. And I've been someone who's been so drawn to history and I have learned so much about Asian, American Asian Canadian history at a my own interest I think because I was trying to understand my own place in modern society and questioning why do people have assumptions about me before they know anything? About me before I've actually earned any of those beliefs good or bad though I, I've always been someone who's kind of looked at history to understand okay if there's a perception about a certain community, where does that come from? So you know for worry I was already very familiar with the world it was set in very excited to bring that world to life as a history nerd you know for Asian American history. Already knew who autour wasn't in fact when I I was exposed to her, it was actually because. I was helping friends tape for Warrior 'cause they were searching for the Milwaukee brewers. So I read it and I was like a toy. But as ignore, wait a minute, this is happening eighteen seventy, eight, four years before the Chinese exclusion act this can't be about the real because she she existed more than the eighteen fifties. And then of course, I found out later that this is our fictionalized version of the real. Toyota super excited about that because a real toy was arguably the first. Asian to ever use the US court system to. Protect her business and her assets before there were some law that was changed that included the Chinese with Latin necks, blacks, and indigenous people to not allow them the same Abilities Within Litigation Real toy was boss and Are fictionalized version of that. Yes at first glance she's a madam and you might think Oh. Okay. This is this going to be another hyper sexualization of Asian woman onscreen and then as it goes on especially I think in season two. You know she just really I hope audiences really feel like she becomes so much more of a complex conflicted. Flawed character WHO's just human. Yet in the speaking of which the the revolution when she first when the word came over her mouth, she was gonNA use a brothel within that brothel to you know start. The network I was I was just shocked like I was just sitting there. Like did I did I just hear that maybe I need to rewind it a little bit relatively. Born in. Yeah it 'cause it started and it's very like you said, it's a very I love the way she's very stealthy about it. Because you like I say you. Know you're thinking, okay. We're GONNA see this over sexualize. I don't want to go. You know you already halfway into some of the season. I have some of the episode before you meet her and you're like, okay, there's a Lotta stuff. That's kind of you know people of Color in America's like all of this stuff. Sometimes, you feel like you're just weighed down by you see it over and over again. But to see her twisted and put a revolution on it and say, Hey, no, this is what we're going. This is what they want to see. But I'M GONNA do this behind the scenes was really is really cool about about the character she's a disruptor you know yeah. Yeah. Made this. They made this Oughta, a visionary, a disruptor. A cultural. Revolutionary you know in today's Lingo, we might call an activist on, but she also really understood that. You know I. Think like so many people color or people from marginalized communities. You're so aware you're so hyper aware of WHO's in the room and when ace is yet whereas if you have power and privilege, you don't even know how much power and privilege you have. So I think the fact that stands that she is seeing a different way. Or she seen a certain way and that she's undermined because of it, she uses it to her advantage yeah yeah. And what in I'll go ahead go ahead? No no go ahead I was GONNA say 'cause you mentioned advantage and I, WanNa talk about this sward 'cause i. don't I never know how she's going to come out of the scene with this saying and I'm like, how does she do it like every time you never know what the right, the right staff position the right accuracy you're like how does She so I'm putting you on the spot here. So you know I'll totally take you. You have no idea this why? Why did you even ask but do you know what kind of weapons us what kind of sword is in? What what was the training? Are you training on that like constantly where you say I, was training on constantly while as onset because you know I mean I never actually. Took martial arts training in earnest until I was cast on Marco Polo and suddenly you know they were so big on the actors doing their own stunt scenes. Kinda like the the the the Chinese cinema. Tradition of of that just like breaking our backs to sell our characters and it was my real first exposure into the action genre which I love So I was a gymnast before. So know gives you a real good sense of body awareness. Yeah. Mom, and then my stunt double. was grown in Tokyo from China and she actually was my stunt double in my a season, Marco Polo, and both my seasons of warrior. With her at least three times a week because you know what I love about Action Warrior is that all of the different fight styles and physicality very much come from and are tailored to the personalities of the characters were all really different like if you really want to wake nerd out and look at it, we're already different Anatoly. She's the only female fighting. Like. She's the only female fighting on the show and. Me Is quick. She's efficient and she doesn't suffer fools and I don't think it's that she enjoys doing what she has to do I think she sees it as a necessity. And I am being she also understands it as a woman. She doesn't have a physical advantage over men let alone multiple men. So stealth and surprise is one of her key weapons. So to have a few moves because you know she's going to be efficient because she can't risk being overpowered by her target. I constantly trained because I wanted a needed those moves to look so effortless. so Olivia the actress, it was not effortless for, but for or cut LUKLA. It had to look like such an extension of her emotion Annex Minkin of her anger and an extension of her need to protect your people and seamless in that way. Yes, because you can definitely tell like just very well played on your part because you can see the switch I feel like like you can. You can see her you can see it where you. Say. You don't know what she's GonNa come from. You don't know exactly how this is going to go down, but you could see something change in her when she gets pushed to that limit what she's like, okay I need to do something about this. They're not. They're not hearing on this other levels on either come at a different way. Yeah. You know she's someone and I don't know how much of season two you've seen by. There's something I don't. I don't think I'll be giving anything away. There's there's just this moment where she straight up says something to number one in the character. Like they'll never believe no one is ever gonNA. Believe that I'm the swordsman. You know she know. Wow. Yeah. Yeah that's true. Yeah. She complete and so much of finding this character like I felt like I got mathematical down to win I would blink because young of her is mask and so much of where she's found is the stillness as she does not give. Anything away. But at the same time that doesn't mean she doesn't feel she feels very deeply. Just, that in a world that is so machiavellian that is so misogynist dig and then you intersect that with racism. And economic oppression and a think it makes sense that Ottawa has to keep her cards. So close because she just is constantly having to calculate. Way that people who aren't in power have to do how to make the next best move and not giving her hand away. Yet and I like that she's not like you said I like that. She's very not about it's not all about her like you can tell she's always trying to support You know whoever? She can help some of the women in the in the brothel Assam who I'm like, why does he ever listened her? It always gets. The airplane I'm like I was doing but. This relationship you know how she's always trying to help him out and then like she brings them back from What is the Yeah. Yeah. You hours just like how does she do that but I'm like Osama's not gonna learn I feel like he's not GonNa Learn I have a guy to to deep into to we'll see but I feel like she's always coming to his rescue and I'm like you know I don't know what he would do avoid not show up. Well, she does and I'm so glad you're bringing that up because it was something really mindful on a part of the producers and you know like look I have so much fun working with Andrew Koji and. You know he he he so kinetic and he is he's he's such an actor who removes energy in a room and and There were some scenes in season one where I kinda. Played. It like I for an is like he's yelling at me, I'm yelling back. At because it was fun, you know it's sort of fun to just just. Kinda thing. Right I Y. You know had. At least two conversations with Jonathan Chopper who was like? No, she's she's the mentor and she has to be above. She has to be more mature more she has to not be. shook his immaturity at his self destructive ways. She's she's above that. So I think, I really thought about that and instead, of course, corrected a little 'cause sort of fun to yell sometimes. Yeah, I'M GONNA. Say I wonder if you guys are doing that sometimes especially like when you're thinking about the subject matter and what you guys are trying to? Let the viewers know and inform them about. I. Feel like that has to be like such a great great moments where you. Got Released a little bit and that's what I love about our show is there's actually so much information there like. It is seen in in you go wait a minute that that happened you. You can. You can do an Internet search and find out so much about Asian American history and find the parallels between what you know that community went through that I think other communities can go. Well, oh my gosh. Well, that reminds me of what happened here in our. Community in the lynchings that happened here in this community on the fires that were set in the looting that happened over here for that community how this you know there's there's so much universality in in in our show. But yeah, he's a really fun entertaining way that completely subvert many expectations and I love that ought toy you know especially in season two. Kaz. When you're finding your footing on a show, you always get better as you get to know the characters in the world more and. Toys fashion was very, very well thought out because. Brothel and her fashion was always meant to represent the future. Her you know a lot of our wardrobe choices don't make sense which I kind of love. You know why it makes it it untraditional period piece because we break. So many rules is very cool. Yeah. Hi, it's high stylized pulp. It's like. Of New York meets. US. and. Ottawa's fashion. They don't make any sense for that time but that was very purposeful choice because she's the character in that embodies vision she's the character that embodies. The disruptor energy because John. King ahead to you know, there's there's an indigenous saying about what if you made every choice? Thinking about how it impacted the next seven generations. Well Yeah I think that's Toys role is and you know and I had some conversations with Shannon Lee, last year. About how she really wanted to explore female strength and how females strength truly looks. You know not not leg all you know this is a revenge film. We're going to give a chick in a tank top in short shorts and put an AK47 in her hands and she's GonNa. She's GonNa Blast in blow up her attacker. That yeah. Can Mail idea I think of of how women should look if they're being strong and I think the the strength of the female principle is healing and holistic and community and allies ship and I think you see a little more of that to season two. and. What and I'm curious to? What kind of feedback are you getting from fans have you got any kind of interesting feedback about? Just like you know anything they didn't know about you know Asian culture or Just, because like I said, it's very it's very cool how the castles portrayed, which is the diversity that you don't get to see all the time, which is amazing You like you said the women what some of the feedback have you got any kind of feedback from your character about character I have. You know. It's funny I was I was. Sometimes the time when people meet you they're very respectful intentive about imposing on your space. But what I find hilarious and I love is when you get a warriors fan and they recognize you to confirm that you are indeed who they think you who you are who they think you are yet they just go off into their own world and it's not even about me. I become this captive audience and launch into like their dissertation on Warrior and it's so thoughtful and they're kind of like the way you're doing. It's like they recall very specific scenes they were call specific lines. And it's really gratifying because you can not one. You can really see that genuine connection and passion for the show and the themes and to especially when it's non Asian. Fan. Who Walks up to me? It's really gratifying to hear them say things I didn't know. I didn't know that. Your guys is community went through this. I didn't know dat there were so many different kinds of Asians. Nineties Korean Japanese Filipino Vietnamese like all these. You know because we we we we have so many. Across a very dass bre represented on our show. All playing. Chinese. But all our backgrounds are so different No so In that sense, it's been really gratifying. Yeah and I'm and I'm going to second that because I'm not Asian and I did learn a lot from this and I. that's why I was a huge fan of the show because I. Love it when there's a mix up when there's diversity when they show was something different that were not used to seeing and you do a phenomenal job as a totally thank you so much but I wanna because I wanna I wanNA change a little bit 'cause. We're GONNA hurt out a little bit here because you do an action and I love action myself. I WanNa know is there like a dream like action franchise? Yes. So tell me tell me all the. We also okay. I I don't mean to be like really creepy or anything because you. Know we go ahead and get hype Rovner Z. to hear this Ra. Okay The old guard. With Charlotte. Yeah. Yeah shortly, staring in anything they come on on Yep. Has Female Action Star. On yeah that was amazing. I May. It I watched her sequence, Tomic Blonde Lake three times trying to look for the edit. Thrown down the stairs lady I know they must have done some leg swap out like some kind of you know like what the head of the Yakima find it either. But saying ahead of me yet, what is like a ten minute sequence where they're just going at it in his kind of funny because there's a point in atomic blonde where's Charlene's in her attacker they just both get tired that it's almost this truce while they're both. Ramping and try to recover the fight again. I WanNa do something like that and I love the old guard I I thought it was so well done I I love that hope for Charlie's Barron's. Character is embodied by a young black. Woman. Who has? Of Right action off the hook, the questions that they bring up on ethics and morality and just a beautiful story line of like sometimes and I think it's so important right now to right. It's like there's so many there with this racial reckoning we we are all sort of. Feeling called to do something and sometime you Sunday and you have no idea if it's having any impact right and I, love that the old guard showed that you may not see it right away you may not see ever. But you have to trust that. It's there. You know evadne. Yeah and that her impact was actually felt like. It took a few generations but the people she saved went on to you know have these families and and and and and you know have a lineage of people who change the world. And that value for the individ- I mean I. Just I just love the old guard. So that would be a franchise on you know Gina, if you're listening to creep you but you did such an amazing job You know what other franchises You know something like the hit man's bodyguard i. I would love to do an action comedy you know and and get along with. Your because you. Know and and get your holiday. It's always like the buddy buddy usually just. End. Doing. The Buddy Buddy and he saw reese and Sophie a reese. Witherspoon Sophia Vargas do the buddy buddy thing. Oh Yeah. Yeah and so it's like can we see more that I? Think we saw Sandra Oh, my God blow. McCarthy's. No and I'm like I WANNA I would love to do like action comedy and get to do my version of lake something. Buddy Buddy. I just hope they. Let you bring along a sore because then be cool I. Listen. I will I will I will I will gladly pick up A. A you know any any day but I'm, I'm I'm glad I sold that sorts you because my friend did was in was not a natural weapon for me. Yeah. I just think it's the coolest thing and I don't know if it's just I mean is cool too because it's just like women kicking ass but it's just the coolest thing is like the way she comes out of the scene because I think when I I thought I wasn't expecting it. So yeah, I'm hoping when you get into your action franchises the somewhere is somewhere in your weapon repertoire that you gotTa pull out. That would be pretty yeah. I. Look from from from from from your mouth to the universe. I hope we're GONNA keep our fingers crossed I'm also hoping that I'll get you back sometime when season two was out and we talk about it or whatever else got coming up next. Any Oh. Are you asking me what else I have come out or oh yeah. Hey if you wanNA tease the forest, we'll take it. If you want to give it to us, we'll take it. Oh Well. First of all, anytime, you want to talk about six to I'm happy. I'm so happy to nerd out about season to him so. Proud of what we put down in how much deeper we go and Say Just how topical it is right now with the themes of. Politicians pitting people. Marginalized communities against each other the uptaken. Xenophobia. Going on right now with Covid nineteen right eerily reflects what's coming out in season two so It's really. Important I think for me to to to have abilities in in options to talk about is anytime anytime Ryan. In terms of what I've got coming out I talk fully about all of it yet out I got. Yeah. I got I got cast something that I think will appeal to a lot of you know the the the nerds out there but. At School. The casinos hasn't come out yet and we're just waiting for the set to reopen for me to start up not filmed. One day on that project yet but. Coming out, and then in the meantime, I'm just working on expanding behind the cameras. So hopefully way not too far in the future you know I'll I'll be able to have some announcements on. Data? End You know fingers crossed I've I've I've I've never. Worked behind the camera like this so I'll wait I. Love that tees a great tease. Thank you. Well thank you again, Olivia I. Really appreciate it. Hopefully you stay save everybody to stay save and I will talk to you guys very soon because I got more coming. By by. The. Black girl nerds podcast will return in just a moment. The Salon with Lala Milan is a new podcast that I think you are going to love. You might already know law law from her viral videos on instagram and tick. Tock. Infamous parodies on Youtube and if you've not seen her content, stop the podcast right now go to her tiktok good her youtube gutter instagram, check the videos out. They are hilarious. They're funny. She is so entertaining. You know she's not only this hilarious actress and comedian. She's also an expert on giving beauty tutorials and fashion tips and her and her squad are known for unfiltered conversations and savage pop culture gossip. I mean it's just like at the beauty salon right her podcast. The Salon is all that and more law and our guests. We'll talk about sex relationships, situation ships. We've all been there and they covered the latest trends in beauty juicy celeb- gossip and everything in between just like at the Salon. So metaphorically, you're having the real beauty salon experience whether you're getting your hair done, you're getting your nails done. This is a Cova free experience of listening to gossip while having that sort of beauty experience and listening to these great beauty tips. While listening to some juicy CELEB- gossip and hearing all of the tea. Listening to Lala, gives us all the laughter and advice that we need right now and trust me we all need a little bit of laughter in our lives right now, and nothing is off limits at the salon. So this is something that I know I, need it my life check out the salon with Lala. Milan. Right now in stitcher apple or your favorite podcast APP and make sure to subscribe y'all. Welcome to the black gunners podcast. I'm your host Ryan and I told you guys keep listening to stay tuned because I have a surprise I am now on this Warrior Creek and I'm so excited as a fan and I the Kim t to talk to the to the lovely cast. So many different warriors on this show. So just to catch you up in case you're not aware October second warrior is going to debut a second season on cinemax. So I'm very excited to continue like I said to talk to the cast today I have Diane Dome with me. I she plays. Hi. How you doing she, she's already she's professional she's trained in the. Company. I keep going. Keep going. No it's all. It's all good. We love to hear from you but I just want to give them a little background just because I don't know you play may link and she is the head of the long Z.. And I'm telling you guys you WANNA mess with her like I've seen her tussle in a room with some guys that I'm like, oh. Man I'm glad it's not me. So she is doing her thing a warrior for you Disney fans though just in case you might know her as Lonnie from descendants descendants too. So just to give you a little background on there, but you already said how does what? I, want to say hi, again because I'm super excited talk to you. Hi, Ryan thanks for having me today. All right. So tell me what was it about may lean like, what do you love about mailing and being a part of warrior at this point? Oh. Well, you know as an agent actress, I've never really got me opportunity to play someone like my lane who? Who you know fights for and needs that power in her life? A lot of I mean I. Don't want to Bash on anything but a lot of characters especially Asian females where. We're kind of always. The girlfriend or over hyper sexualize and to play Berkshire who kind of fights and takes that power for herself. I've never been able to play a character like that. So of course. I jumped right on I need. Yeah. Tell me a little bit about being I. Guess you're a little bit about the feedback you've gotten back from women like you said, Asian are just women in general. Where is just 'cause like I said year the figure, the leader of the Long Z.. That is kind of trying to basically our see you as the head of all these other gang leaders want to be there all kind of fighting with each other. But then it's like you come to the table and you're like in the center SORTA speak and you're having to deal with all these these guys with the Eagles and just some of our mergers straight up. Just crazy. We know what to recover to come from a you're having to get in front of your light. Okay. Look this house going down. This is what I'm saying but you're a woman having to do all these. You know now personally bias of this like women should be in charge anyway but tell us about being able to play that on screen and what What feedback you've gotten for women to be to see that. Yeah You know the feedback that I've gotten his a lot of a lot of women are especially you know female Asian Americans my friends who are fellow actors as well. They're just so. Excited to seize a character this well rounded on screen and to be played by a woman. But a lot of the fans I'm the villain I'm I'm kind of like you know that power hungry overachiever kind of. Creates chaos in the world and I'm kind sooner in. But how I see it is a woman in Chinatown trying to survive and. Means and ways of doing it isn't always conventional but the bottom line is she's fighting for her people and and this is how she she doesn't want to be the bottom of the barrel. She doesn't want to be you know in the brothels because a lot of the times. The women in that era if you're coming over to America you'RE GONNA. Be a prostitute and brothel, and so you you meet characters like toy who is the she's the owner she is the the Madam and so she's found her power within chinatowns well, not having to adhere to a man necessarily know and I feel like that is my way as well. And talk a little bit about worker with with Andrew on this as well. in Assam it may lean and this brother sister dynamic that is just so interesting to me because you know Assam stresses me out ally Washington Show 'cause I'm like, you know you know that's a hard time because he is just bad as fighter, but it's this like on the other side of things. It's like you have your sister here and it's just like well, what is he gonNa do and it's just that torture of that that back and forth of you know what will they ever get to come together or is it just too much bad blood like going on between them so was that dynamic like the play? Well, first of all, Andrew Koji is my brother I. Mean you know I, call him love he calls me this. Job at his mom is officially adopted me I mean we're we're family we really are, and I think that's the beauty of this show is it's brought these. Lifetime relationships he's long lasting relationships into into our lives. Cohen's self is I mean he's a beast he's really. goes he takes his work. So seriously I mean he completely transformed his body into what you see on screen I mean. That is that is literally blood sweat and tears that. It's under there, but he didn't come like that. So I I witnessed, you know the countless hours in that stunt tent. Just, working and working hard and he does a lot of his own stunts I mean if not most of his stunts. And being able to play on screen when we have the scenes together, that's just a bonus because. It's so much fun to work with him. We never know what's going to happen I. Mean those words are there on the page but It's it's dynamic when when I get to work with him, it's it's great and you know everything that's happening right now if. Him and snake is coming out and what's next I mean this is all well desert using edible. And I want to ask you to also the scene at the end of season one or sort of at the end of season one with the the boxing ring what were your like I. Guess what was Diane's take on CNN mailing her her choice of wishy did. As far as the Assam was concerned and how that how that I ended I mean because obviously she's on top with that now but I was kinda thinking like well, maybe mailing didn't SORTA. Like that. Well, you know. Family aside, my laying I took Koji Osama side and and and. gave him the opportunity to walk away walk away from the talk from hop way because I knew what was coming You know that that fight was to establish long zee on top of hop way and unfortunately. Assam didn't leave and he is the power in that in that Tong. So it became Leon versus SOM-. My brother versus my partner am. The audience you know that was such an amazing fight. Regardless you know what? Brett Chan are coordinator dead and what Kojin Joe did. that was what killed the relationship between mailing and Assam. Definitely I mean the fact that I was okay with seeing him dead but we have to remember that I gave him the opportunity to leave. I told them if you go through this. Not GonNA end well, and season two is a lot of him trying. To. Not seek revenge, but but try to. Hurt me because of what he did and a lot of season two was mu trying to mend that broken relationship. And to get my buddy thing. Yet and do you think we do we get to see like any kind of fun moments I saw I saw a little bit of season to where it kind of opens up just like who a lot of tension between them do we get any like do you think we get any lighthearted is gonna see them two or the just their straight the business 'cause they're pretty they're pretty serious about what's going on here is there is a lot of I would say. You know. giving. You know that that that white flag that olive branch you know trying to make men's with him But. What's done is done I think Assam is is very hard headed character and I'll just say this at the end of season two, it's there's a zinger something happens and it just Kinda. It's fun. You Know Ryan this is such a fun season. And what tell me a little bit because you've you've got to play a little bit. As far as like the stunts and everything talked about you guys on your on stunts. Do you have any like exciting fighting scenes coming up that we get to see you kinda play more with the weapons and everything so With Power Tom's men and I feel like. I am the head of the Long Z.. I got in a lot of arguments with Brett Craner and even our writers jt Brad Kane, I would remember them being give me something. You know I'm in the stunt every day I'm training with the guys as much as I can give me something to do but you know I have my muscle Leon is my muscle last season we saw. Arguably me get my ass kicked by below But yeah, I feel like in a position of power, I don't have to necessarily. Exert too much. Have people do that for me. Yeah I do like the way she does she doesn't know how to throw her muscle, which I I, can appreciate that know how to use like. So she doesn't have to step up and fight and do all that by the way what it with with Zealand, what do you? What do you say about the relationship between them because it's very interesting. He's the bodyguard protector, but you also have the romance relationship going on. Yeah and I'm kind of wondering I'm like the more power she gets is going to be like we'll do I still I still need him there like is he going far enough? Interest Yeah I love that I love that you thought that You know I think in season one use you see that. My laying Leong were very much on the same level. You know I'm I'M The wife and he is the main the muscle in it. He's the right hand man and throughout that season one, I kinda move above them becoming the leader taking over that role. But we're still seen as equals. I think in season two, that relationship is definitely tested. You know she he. Sees me do questionable actions. You know my decision he doesn't always agree with. So there's that tension of like. Is that bridge being burned? Can he trust me? Can I trust him? Yeah, there's there's a lot with that relationship and the dynamics of that because you're right I'm the woman in power and. Do I need them I. Think I do because my link is so isolated in that world she's so alone she has no one she doesn't have a brother. I feel like it's it's. It's me want to hold onto whatever relationships I can. Yeah, so we gotta put away. We're GONNA put away like the sharp swords and knives and stuff because she did take. Long. So I was like. By that woman. Still should. Okay Okay Okay 'cause I was like I was Gonna say that was a that was like a coma began shocking moment at the same time for me and the first season. Yeah. Definitely I mean it shocked a lot of us. That was when they wrote that it was that was a heavy day to play over and over again. causing re who plays long I mean he was such a yeah it is a hard day. Yeah Yeah. He is absolutely a lot of these pretty amazing but let's talk about what about the wardrobe? How do you is that stuff that you weren't very functional for you to move around in and doing a lot of A lot of the fighting maybe not yet. But what do you feel about your costumes that help you get more into mailing? Oh definitely I, mean, Ryan let me tell you. We would obviously I. You know we would get picked up at three, forty, five, four o'clock in the morning get driven a few hours hair and makeup. These are well stare like, yeah. Layers on layers leather and were shooting in the summer in Cape Town, it definitely puts you in that mood. I. Mean you're. In there you're stuck for the rest of the day. I mean to get in and out is is a lot. It's takes awhile. So the word are incredible. I mean as much as this is a period drama I feel like production really took the liberty on the female characters wardrobe maybe. Auto in my link specifically, we really got to be creative in that, and that sets the tone I. Mean you know the difference between op Toyin these gorgeous gowns, these head pieces, and then you have my lincoln season two, who's very like. It's. It's very you know suit jackets strong shoulders. It's it definitely puts in that in that mood. And I'm curious to see if a toy mailing will meet like in in in season two I think that'd be interesting in meet up 'cause both two women that Kinda feel like no where they wanna go in life and kind of have these strong positions that'd be cool. I don't WanNa spoil anything but you might see something like that. Yeah and and I can't believe it took this long I mean. There are great friends in life and I'm like, what is it? GonNa. Take for us to actually work together on set and it's it's fun. I'll just say that because again, you're right to strong women. They've. He she's. On the hop wayside even though she's neutral and I'm long Z. somewhere is that you know that tension that. The attitudes the passive aggressiveness it's it's fun. It's really fun. Yes. That's going to be for that. Saying it's GONNA. Be Cool. We just need is we just need a throwaway like mailing like just like a little knife or something we the a little weapons in those scenes. Yeah. Yeah I did want to ask you though did you have a favorite moment from season because I want to spill I don't WanNa make you kinda spill too much season two's do you have a favorite scene from season? One favorite moment? Oh I gotta say the most dynamic, the most. Seen for me would definitely be you know that not fight with Bolo into the lungs e into like? Killing along Z I mean not is way of very. Prominent moment for the character. Oh, I'm sorry that's annoying. For character even. One. Thing that that I've got like I'll remember forever it was such a big day for the character turn story wise and then. You know a heavy day emotionally well. Yeah. Well, I'm just let me say you again I'm excited for season two. I can't wait for people to check it out as we kind of transition here to kind of wrap up I want to ask you because you've been very. Open about your in I think you said you're beckoning like another quarantine and you've kind of been shown. What you've been going through dated may have you picked up like you picked up any cool hobbies or anything right? You're so sweet Let me tell you this whole quarantine whether it was in the states or where I am now in Canada? I've never cooked more in my life. I love cooking. It's. It's really given me like a sense of ease because you know the stressful time no one knows what's going to happen with you know financially with worked with Ray. Halladay. is adopted a dog. I've been. So. Yeah. Just anything I've been reading I've been. Spending a Lotta time with working on relationships you know building these strong female relations I've got a group of girlfriends that means the world to me. You know my family, it's put into perspective what's important and as much. As work is amazing, I can't wait to go back. It's also like. You know these things that I put on the backburner are finally. Presenting itself I'm grateful for the time I've had. With my family and this is like you like how do our prior to prioritize all that because it's like now you gotta just get to sit around like you said, it's a lot of self care it just kind of the you know when you have to pick out a silver lining from everything that's going on. Yeah So yeah, it'll. Definitely it'll definitely be interested in once once things pick up and I'm hoping to start working on cooking 'cause I burn a lot right now you to find something GonNa. Do you just patients patients in effort? That's all I mean I'm not saying I'm a great cook but if it's edible, let's that's a win for me. Exactly. Exactly. That's all I'm saying. But ut's I know everybody's into kind of a little. What's what are we going to do bags? You know you gotta get your as long of how we're GONNA even beyond sets anymore. But do you have anything you can tease for US anything coming up you know I'm all I'm gonNA. Cheese right now is warrior season two. It's been a long ago. We you know we did that God almost more than a year ago and I just can't wait for For, what the audience is GonNa say you know before I was teasing some fun and that was agents shield not just ended. So there's a lot of good stuff coming and yeah, I'm very grateful. Yeah, it'll be cool. It's GONNA be cool. See everybody everybody's been working on weather and they're like secret workshops. For Quarantine. Exactly. Exactly. Well Diane. Thank you so much. This has been fine. Thank you so much for talking to me. Ryan. Thank you for your time. This has been great. And Gaza remember Warriors Season Two cinemax you guys check it out October second and stay safe out there and I will talk to you soon. Bye Bye. Welcome to the Black Gunners podcast I'm your host. Ryan, and I'm sad but I'm excited because I'm wrapping up this whole episode I'm bringing you guys about warrior that's premiering October second my art it'd be out by the time you guys hear this cinemax makes you definitely check it out get ready but we are ending with Assam himself I've been bringing up a couple of times during the interviews that I've been doing in the past for this episode and because I've been talking about how okay he's one of my favorite characters but he also stressed me out a lot because I get so nervous about his decision this. But he's just he's super. He's the Super Bowl Warrior though the watch. You. GotTa check this out of you haven't seen it. I'm talking about and you Koji and I'm so excited he today. Andrew. How you doing? I'm. A I'm good. Thank you very much. How how how are you doing? I'm doing good I. Mean we're getting used to all this like it's like I should say nice to meet you 'cause we're getting used to all this technology and stuff these days. Yeah. I'm just seeing like a a sound a thing just go across the screen like heart monitor it's is is interesting but I'm talking to a person a consciousness the decided this. So I'm talking agreement now. Yes weird it's like well I'm glad you're enjoying talking to the screen hopefully doesn't get too weird. Hopefully, we have a lot of flying by the time we get done. Yeah. This is my first podcast to think. What we're we're glad you pick glad you picked laggers Manfred Abi, your first block is. Having me it's nice to be so. Thank. You by the way from coming. So let's start with. All right. So I. Know You have a background in martial arts right and you're also a stunt man. So did that kind of did that pull you answer this role of Assam that will put you into the whole warrior world in Fandom, It's skills that I had in my in my pocket. The came very useful. because. I think I'm washed lots. And stunts Kinda stopped around twenty A. Job On on fast when acting work was come in Get much acting look at the time and some of his called me up and said Do you WANNA be a double fos furious? So I did that job around I think it was twenty four. So I hadn't done it for a while. So so luckily, because I did it such time quite intensely when I was young I just brush it up for for this show in GonNa get back into training in it was like riding an old bike kind of things times. Yeah had to. Had to approach in a different way as well as the 'cause when I was a moss loss. When I was young, I was a quite competitive in very Trying to do things that I probably shouldn't be to do local these different. So I had to just bring bring. To the to the plate A. Yeah it is like. You're making it sound easy but martial arts, all that stuff is now. My Dad got it in just because it was just me and my sister and he wanted us to be able to defend ourselves and it was just not like the way. It's very regimented and you know working your way I. What what? What style where you? Because I know it depends on whether you go by builds different colours. Yeah. I mean I was a babble, the law, and so I started off. My Dad used to. Do a study studied. Karate under actually one of the top guys time he muscle Yama. So he kinda thought meal from the genuine when I wanted to learn and I didn't know any the schools will cost his nearby. As. Eleven twelve. I went to her Cuando studied that for about. Three or four is very. In depth but then I got injured I told my but in half. Man. In a competition, but we would have A. Competitive Sparring would've? And Yeah, yeah in the last round I was winning the guy was about like a whole belt in a hall something above me and. They just put me in that category. and. Winning the my coach said just okay cool. Now, you just lost round you just need to throw some flashy moves and then you can win the judges over and finish finished with style and. Do that. Through a through an axe kick which. Is. Pretty dangerous kicked the to throw if you haven't trained it because of the way the muscle. Comes down it's a love your hamstring in stuff. So I, told my ass. There and then and that kind of. Change that change everything after that. So that so I couldn't really continue tycoon couldn't walk properly for after that and then well, yeah, had to do rehab it it it it. It really changed. It changed my whole body because it made my my hips be out of alignment in my blow back problems stuff. and so I had to kind of go into different martial arts SUB INTO KUNG-FU IN A. Wing chosen for a bit I. I kinda did basically stuck around. Kung Fu a doubled in Moi tie in a few other things did some once I go bed and my leg my leg bet I started doing acrobatic stuff that helped with the screen screen fighting and stuff. Be has been a long journey with with March lots I. Think with me. In that, respect. Yeah and it's you can really see that onscreen to and I think a so cool. How you guys get to partake in this stuff for Assam was there a stunt that you did or was there a fight scene where you're like? Okay. I, might have shouldn't attempted this like I might have should have. got. Stunt double or somebody else was are you push yourself way too hard and you're like Oh maybe not that one. Season One much of TV a filming his endurance. So you've got to Congo in like a What do you call it a short distance runaway to sprint It's a marathon. Yet you gotTa keep your own you filming maybe sixty plus hours a week having to. Love Sleepless Nights, turn it down your lines and go over the script and. Figure things out but then you've got to in the office, he's trying to stay in shape and then on top bracket. Yeah you gotta you gotTa Balance Your. Energy levels throughout the week. So if you'RE A Might be filming a big fight scene. At. The beginning of one week, but then I still have to remember. The rest of week to shoot and I've got a I've got to be and fresh in to do the acting seems so that's what I learned so much in season two in particular it wasn't so much that one particular. Stunt no move the I shouldn't have done that it was. Season to the end of season to. Those a couple of fight scenes. Now were all scheduled in very close proximity to each other and by the time. Yeah. By the time, you see the end, the final fight in episode ten season to I was I was I was knocking on heaven's door. My body was not going to him today was it was It was My Body just collapsed it didn't work couldn't I couldn't. I couldn't lift my leg to kick because I was his selig's all students. So fatigued. And then. We spoke to the produces ahead to. Dig Deep as well and and how how to do it in. The that was, but it turned out to be one of the most amazing teamwork experiences that they the team Brett Chen Dean. We'll put through. Did that. So it wasn't like one of a one off show. It was just. A of. A mouth on missing endurance game. Many film. TV. So that was the moment to me I was like. God I need some help guys like that. Yeah. I mean I can't imagine that you're still going like you're saying this epic facing towards the end because he's constantly. Assam is starting out in the beginning just constantly fighting. So I can't believe there's still more to go. So I I can imagine like how you're biding was the failure like towards the end of it. It's not like. It's not like A. Bodybuilder might have to who training for six months. and. You. Go to know that that. Each fight scenes is okay. Cool. Now at about week to recover to to to heal up this leg into the welcome these muscles in I've got to be ready for this fight scene. So yeah, it's very you gotta be small as well when you're. Filming, which is a different. Right in the other thing about the about the skills that you guys bring these fight scenes on warrior I'm sure a lot of the fans appreciate its there's there's a certain graphic level to these things like we know where we're going to expect when it comes out are is that is that? Is there anything about that? That's just I'm wondering just in general as far as I guess maybe I don't know if you will call him makeup but some of the effects as far as like the blood flying and everything did they ever get annoying like how long does it take? You guys the set that up You can see Assam go through like fifteen twenty guys and it's just like little year. There's a hand over here and I'm like, I'm wondering like how much because I'm just thinking like time and how long you guys stretch it out how long it takes for you guys a film though scenes and it make it look so cool as it is. Yeah. Well, I'm enough the amazing work of the the makeup artist Amanda. She is. She's she helped me through season two as well so much But. Yeah I mean I think because the world isn't it like so many Hollywood films get in these big fight scenes in by the end of it that hog our place. Right right yeah. Yes. Trulia. Yes. Oh this one is like a trying to realism like if you get if the guy gets punched in the face, he's GonNa you're GonNa see you're gonNA feel it and but I mean D-. Do you know what I think like as as as an actor it? It just helps so much 'cause you feel different you've got prosthetics. I mean in real life of at a black-eyed before swollen lip of. Two black is before you know and you feel different. When you're bit batted and when you've got those prosthetics and stuff in your face, he kinda feel conquest quite open your eyes properly. Oh, it's. It's the end you got blood trickling. To. Technical level to to make you believe in in everything but the a apart from the sticky blood a find it fun part. Well I mean, Hey, it's for us to as the phase like I love those those fight scenes are amazing. That's one of the first things that drew me into the show is because you just WanNa see and that's part of the nervous part of the fun of being a fan because you see femme go through these things you like Oh. My God is this the time where he pushes too far he does much and you're like, we'll. Come back from this 'cause that kind of leads me to one of the questions I was Gonna ask you was okay. Him going through these different fights, his tie to the fung. Hi. Is this do you think for him? Is this building him to make him stronger or do you think he's GonNa hit a brick wall so to speak at a certain point where he can't where he can't go anymore wears like he's done too much. I think I think. I think even though. He's not. that. That wise warrior. A Bruce Lee. Is Philosophies kind of. A going. Going full. I. Think. He's GonNa Warrior Spirit awards spirit within like he's got this fire in in that just won't give up. And he's waiting to go through that pain because I think he feels quite deeply about certain things. So I think that brick wall he probably hit that brick rule that initial brick wall in episode one season one way he felt everything was go to plan and now He's you know he's an season one. He had to just figure out what what the hell can he do now And I think season. Two's like more him trying to put things into plan and moving things forward. I think that he'll will he would eventually hit that brick walls. At some point I don't think it's quite season. Season to even though this certainly dislike emotional. Break rules and things that smashing down but I think. Yeah I know what you mean by someone like him that that character would would definitely has the chance to Kinda just. He he's ripe to be in a position way. They'll be able to continue in a way I think. On said you quit do you and I guess part following up on that for May. Lean. Do what do you feel like they're going forward? Do you think there's any? Reconciliation in their relationship or do you think when that Chinese boxing scene went down the ending? He was done. You think there's any way season two we can get to see them have a a cordial moment where it's not so tense. Have you have you seen season to you know yet? Actually have made it like halfway through. So I'm hoping that's why I'm asking because I'm hoping as I go maybe I'll see something because right now is so tense. Scenes over. Well, let me turn. We'll give it away to A. I think from Psalms point of view the is now gone back. He lost his sister. And he was almost grieving I guess throughout season one and That kind of. That moment in the tournament in season one I think When that happened and I think if you to think on a personal level if that happened to you if a sibling of yours was to okay I'll give thumbs up to your execution. I think that would be a very, very hard relationship to to save really. The UN. Yes so I mean nothing I. Don't think he. He's the kind of person who who would eventually kill her. himself. He wants to teach her lesson for sure I. I think that the Party is room for for hope at the day. You know further down the story book Does it's like sad too but you get it you get it like after you see season one have you guys ever seen it after you see someone you'll. You'll get whether whether relationship is where it is going into season two on but another relationship Osama Toy, what does that? What are you? What do you take from? What do you think their relationship means for Assam somebody that he's just very lucky. There's almost like a guardian angel they're is there to help them out a lot or do you think there's GonNa become like a a mutual benefit of that going to? Yeah. I think the. Thinking about next question. I think yeah at first she was. Kind of A. welcom- A welcoming face a friendly face, the took a shining to him and invited him into her world and to show them about and I think because of his nature. A quite rebellious. Maybe egotistical nature that that that relationship is is very hard like he doesn't want to be the apprentice or he doesn't want to be told things all in he doesn't. Think he thinks that a toy. Is doing things in the way that she knows how to do it. But it's not his way. So I think they. Think the become that they they They will their own journey, but they've got a similar Cho's a similar. Fine I 'cause so. Yeah. So I think that's I. think that's where they kind of out. They're both such strong people that yeah yeah, yeah. They're hard to kind of put in a room together. But in its so it is so entertaining when you ask them together But yes. So yeah, definitely if I have mastered it enough you guys checkout. Season two out of warrior. Check out these one if you need to catch up Andrew. Wrap up here. Wanted to kind of Gig out with you about About. Yeah Yeah because I think you would be life and I'm like I can't wait to see more stuff and I need to go play catch one time I get the warrior of all the action films or whatever you have coming up next but okay so I was I was looking through I was going through and I saw you could be an extra recall bolliger train. How did that? Can you give any they? I? Don't I know you can't. Hollywood is still trying figure forgot how we film things but can you talk about how you got involved in the project like that? That's kind of funny story that was a my my. Agent Meredith she she forty me the script and I. Read it and I thought it was maybe a small independent anew Sonia was involved but I didn't know the names that were involved the time. So I read the script I thought was really well written script, very different kind of character to Assam but. And then I I thought maybe Sony had a small independent film section So and then, and then later on I found out they each directing it and Brad Pitt's Pov it and. Was A. WO- I didn't realize is this kind of The scale of this feeling that I started to be able to picture it and I thought well, I'm not going to get this role is Brad Pitt. I'm not GONNA active Brad. Pitt? That never that was never. A ethnic. Actors can be quite tough industry and sometimes you think. People you'll never get to work with because of. The joyner or the kind of films you know sometimes, you don't think that you have an opportunity. So when that happened I couldn't believe I was it was it was I'm Gonna I'm GonNa go out for that role because. You know it's such an amazing opportunity so It was crazy came about because I didn't know whose names were attached to it and And I didn't think I'd get it because once I found out I didn't get it because I was just like well. GonNa choose some big Japanese. Someone. Staw. Yet. I did my best for the self types and all that. We seem to get one hundred similar vision for the character and. So I'm blessed. Yeah I'm well, I'm excited and I can't wait to see I think you do a fantastic and action thriller I'm kind of biased because I'm a warrior fan but I'm excited to see What you're doing next was coming up next and thank you so much for talking with me today. Thank you so much. Thank you. Thank you. Listen to black gold nerds podcast. Give you a plug. You can use it. Thank you. Thank you so much. I appreciate it. Everybody stay safe out there where you mask and thank you and I will talk to you guys later. The black girl nerds podcast is produced by Jamie broaden at the opening theme song to our show is written and performed by Sammy's various instrumentals performed by Sam Sky Blue and shrubs. Zillah you can find various episodes of the Black Pearl nerds podcast on Itunes, Stitcher, soundcloud, audio, boom Google, play, music, and spotify.
Groutfits, Breakfast Teas, and Jam Bands
"My Name's wilder freeze, and this is a Sunday scariest podcast your cure for the Sunday. Blues. This week we're going to talk about grout fits breakfast teas, and jam bands. What's your ideal Sunday Alfred? You might stand pajamas all day might where Athletes Brunch even though you didn't work out, you might wear actual work out clothes because you weren't hung over and actually did work out or maybe just put on a comfortable pair of jeans favorite t shirt and a sweater. In case it gets chilly outside whatever it may be. There's something tangible about the way we dress on Sundays, versus every other day of the week in quarantine has had a very serious effect on fashion I've asked myself a lot of questions when it comes to going back to normal are. We all going to start dressing down. Do my old clothes even fit anymore are we doing more or less online shopping and if we're all working from home, is this the end of business casual every Sunday night I discussed my panic room on twitter I talk about my normal outfit, which normally consists of boxers a roommate oversized cotton t shirt or maybe even a quarters that pullover a little chilly in my apartment because I have my set too low but Sunday's are largely all about comfort. As I'm sure you know which is why it's high time that we discussed the grout. Fit. The grout fit is probably something that you can probably put two and two together and figure out what it is. It's just a great outfit. Everything. No edits pop sugar described it as well. They said the term graph it comes from a fusion of words gray and outfit. A growth. It is simply tumour articles clothing in varying shades of gray warrant together. It's pretty simple stuff here. Another site rack even weighed in on it and they said graphics or for letting your hangover claim you for practicing defined coziness for admitting that you just don't care about how you look and may never care again, growl our uniforms for giving up. But on purpose even man repel or weight on it they said as much as I love the color gray in general in as much as my winter clothing options seem to be riddled with it. There's a very palpable sense of. NECE that tends to shrouded as soon as January looms, and there's also a lot of celebrities who loved the grout fit just like Emily Rakowski. For example, she's probably the biggest celebrity proponent of the grout fit. I've shown many photos of her on our instagram page in one of them is when she's in bed with her husband wearing oversized sweatpants in an even more oversight sweatshirt and a pair vans, and yes, they're all grey. She's got another one where she's wearing grey bike shorts and a great tank top, which are the same color. So I guess it's not differing shades of gray like like. Our publications that they need to be another. She's wearing grey leggings off white shirt and a pair of vans and all these photos. Yes. She always has her dog in hand which I really do appreciate another celebrity who's into it is Kendall Jenner. She's got the more hung overlook. She was spotted in La wearing a tattered gray cashmere turtleneck sweaters some gray sweatpants and she completed the look with. Adidas dirty. Sand Stan Smith, and a pair of sunglasses. The smiths are white shoes, but I will say they were a little beat up. So I think they account for grey another one Victoria secret angel. Taylor. Hill. She's got the at home graphic. She had a grey cotton sweat suit with her hair in a top knot and a pair of grace slippers even with due to couple up with maybe she was a little inspired by 'em rata. Celebrities G G she dresses up the GROUT FIT? She was spotted New York wearing a matching gray Kashmir set with silver heels. And graph it's not the only matching set thing that you can wear these days and get away with in matching sets have really taken over since the pandemic began as vogue. Quote a matching set makes for more elevated and effortlessly effortlessly put together at home. Look even when that means head to toe cotton French terrier fleas. Coordinates sweatsuits comfortable choice for watching movies or working on puzzles, making quick runs to stock up on assesses or even doing actual workouts without having time to change. A little effort goes a long way when it comes to lounge where they complete as for me. I've got my graphic pretty honed in at this point all I do where some grey outdoor voices, joggers gray long sleeve I mainly on door shirt and even a little earl grey tea to drive the point home but more on that in a second. If your mailboxes, anything like my ninety percent of the time. It's a fairly depressing place, political flyers, utility bills, unholy amounts of coupons. But once a month have reason to be stoked because my box of awesome from bespoke post over the past year bespoke post a semi everything from weekend or bags to Martini shakers a steak knives. Now, he's each of them. More than I ever thought I could currently on the site they've got a bunch of boxes I want moving forward a fall feeling whiskey set their soothe box with a bunch of scary essentials and even craft beer set take it from me bespoke post guys only the best stuff every single month no matter what you're into box of awesome has you covered From Style and grooming goods to bar wear to cooking tools and outdoor gearbox of awesome has carefully built collections for every part of your life to get started take a quiz it box of awesome dot com in your answers will help them pick the right box of awesome for you. They released new box every month across a ton of different categories it's Free to sign up and you can skip a month or cancel anytime in the best part. Each box costs only forty five bucks but over has over seventy dollars worth year inside, you can get twenty percents off your first monthly box. When you sign up at box of awesome DOT COM and enter code scares at checkout that's box of awesome dot com code. For twenty percent off of your first box. I don't think I'm the only person who can say that their habits have changed over the last six months I've been working out more because I'm not getting out as much. I've been saving more money because I'm not going to bars and restaurants and I've even de cluttered my apartment and as I've said before the biggest change I've made is that I've traded coffee for tea every single morning. My reasoning for doing. So isn't all that rock-solid? There are a few reasons, but honestly, it was just kind of natural change that I didn't mean to have happened. There's less caffeine about half as much as my normal coffee it's easier to make I just put some some water in my electric kettle in heated up with some teabags instead of using an Arrow press to make my coffee and it's honestly cheaper. I haven't dipped into the more expensive teased do my lack knowledge but I'm trying to educate myself right now if you're like me, you step foot in Ti, I'll at a grocery store and you've gotten completely overwhelmed by the options. I don't come to you today with expertise, but with the fruits of my laborious research. So first off, what is breakfast? He a website called T. Forte which yes is phenomenally named website and also just a website about teeth. So he knows pretty relaxed. They said t dubbed his breakfast blends are made from a variety of black teas combined and combined to offer a bold morning blend don't know specific guidelines exist as to which teas are used in what amounts each area of the Nike name has its own signature blend English teaser predominantly made Chinese Black T. but may can say contain Assam, which is from India or Sailon, which is from Sri. Lanka. And the Irish breakfast is mixed Assam Saline and Kenyan tea leaves while Scottish breakfast he is often blended from Assam keenum. And Orange. pekoe. If you are a T- expert, I greatly apologized for my pronunciation and mumbling of all those because I was absolutely frightened to say them but I think you can forgive me because I'm trying to get t out there to the rest of the world. And if none of you know that made sense to you, I can surely say that I feel the same way essentially breakfast just blended black teas that contain Assam Ceylon and Kenyan teas. No one really knows how they got the name breakfast tea and black tea is perceived have more caffeine than other teas so People would start wanting it in the morning even though that's not always true. Black teas flavor profile similar to coffee. So appears well with milk cream and sugar. So making the switch may not be so painful. Let's break each of these down one by one. So we know the difference English breakfast he hands down by far the most popular. There's probably a lot of stores were. That's the only thing that you can actually buy. It's rich and full bodied and pairs well with a full English breakfast beans on toast. Bacon. Sausage Egg Tomato and mushrooms. It sounds ridiculous to eat that in the morning and I. Think it probably is but I have to say if you had a long night before a big day ahead of. You a full English breakfast isn't the worst way to start the day. Irish breakfast. He's a little different it's sweeter. It's smoother and has a hint of Malt this complementary the full Irish breakfast, which is essentially the same thing. It's bacon sausage black and white pudding amp potato all fried in butter and sopped up traditional Irish bread, and then Scottish t which I didn't even Scottish breakfast. He which I didn't even know existed until I saw it in the store recently it's obviously the hardest defined, but it's definitely more robust in the strongest it's with the traditional Scottish breakfast. It's the same as an English breakfast but with some Scottish pudding and scone maybe. Frank Sanchez of Upton. Tea Imports said Scottish breakfast he tends to be the hardest of the bunch possibly due to Scotland soft water back in the day teas were blended specifically for the water conditions in the area in which they were marketed and consumed. It's conjecture but perhaps, the water in Scotland demanded a stronger team. Other than more of your breakfast teas, there's China Welsh American breakfast he even French breakfast he. And there are a lot of benefits to all these teas. Black tea is rich in flavonoids, and if you're anything like me didn't know flavonoids were until I, just said that but there are plant based fighter nutrients that protect your body from degenerative conditions like heart disease and cancer, and these also have vitamins and nutrients just like everything else they include potassium, which is important for mitigating the effects of too much sodium on cellular health and fluid levels, and since many people have too much sodium in their. Black T. may help balance out that ratio a little bit offset it. It also contains full eight, which is an essential nutrient for Tissue Health Black T. even helps up against bad breath which pretty much every time you drink coffee and it can even temporary temporarily reduce your appetite, and if you're out there and you're talking to people about how you're just doing your fasting every morning, then I have to say t the perfect thing for you. My first jam band show was at a fish concert. I don't love fish necessarily. But I'm also not that experience with vicious full catalog of work. So I'M NOT GONNA say anything bad about them. I've always associated with stones in highschool, which isn't necessarily a bad thing but I was always more into punk music. So we never really saw I did I back then. But yes. It sounded like a good time to go to the concert and yes, I did end up having a good time but it wasn't until I went to a widespread panic concert that I really understood why these shows are so popular and why people just spend so much time following them around the country. I've always listened to jam bands from afar whether I was on a Pandora station which I actually got very into jam bands through. Pandora. For some reason, I started listening to Steve Kmox Band radio and it kind of changed my entire perspective on the genre and more lately I've been watching full live shows on youtube and even back in the day I would illegally download full shows on Napster and Kazaa Mo-. Humphries. McGee. Government Mule string cheese widespread panic perpetual groove Dave, Matthews fish the allman brothers and yes the patron saint the grateful dead and even John Mayer's the dead Denko. has brought jam bands to the forefront. Again, new audiences are dipping into old dead shows myself included and you can kind of see the style trickling back into our. General Culture. In the jam band community, there's always been one saying never miss a Sunday show. I looked this up on Reddit try to get an explanation for it because I knew there had to be an explanation somewhere and this commenters said quote it originated from the dead I, think the biggest reason that this is the thing is mostly due to three day runs that typically end on Sunday is unusual to have a standalone Sunday show in on a three day run the ban in the crowd of gotten a chance to acclimate to each other to the venue to the city. There's a comfortability that settles in the three. Day. Return on investment ends up being a barn burner show. That being said that whole motto is kind of a double edged swords for me. How can I go to a Sunday show and I refuse to leave my house after six PM on a Sunday? Well, Trey Anastasio the lead singer and headman a fish he did an interview with New York Times magazine and they asked him, is there a dream concept for a fish concert and this might be the best way to get. Me Out he said I know there used to be when we were younger our dream concert ideals ridiculous. Now, that dreams that you'd walk in and there'd be ten thousand massage tables and people walking around with herbal tea and bowls of fruit salad. The sound would be perfect. Everyone would have their own private bathroom and there'd be enough room to dance and no one squishing into your space endless supplies of really good coffee. Might want some tea I think I could do some coffee at a fish that doesn't sound too bad. Unfortunately, this is pretty much the opposite of showed I've ever been to. Participate all that much drugs pretty much run rampant when you go to a show like this, which can make for Sunday that no one wants to stare directly in the eyes, which is probably why panic road the blackout blues and they said like dark horse down the stretch falling in out of the bars on my own I, pick my head up off the ground now have to say, and if blackout blues doesn't Directly Reference Sunday scary, I'm really not sure. What. Does what I've learned about anxious Sundays is that they often stemmed from some of the most fun experience. You'll have even though you feel like you didn't want them anymore whether it was the night before ten years ago. It's always fun to revel in the funding previously had an reliving those experiences in a sober stay can give you the kind of the same endorphin rush that you've got at the time or at least kind of similar feeling of nirvana. With the endless supplies of shows now, existing online audio and video there's no shortage of ways to enjoy a show on a Sunday night even if you're not going to one whether it's grateful dead at the Capitol Theatre, in one, thousand, ninety, six, John Mayer Denko in two thousand and nineteen or random show. From Doug Dot net a show, a website that has every show you've ever dreamed of. It's kind of Nice to settle into just one steady piece of work for about three hours. I don't have any plans to go to any Sunday shows anytime soon. So reveling in the past glories of nights out isn't the worst way for me to spend a Sunday night that is until fish start implementing their massage tables, individual bathrooms, and endless supplies. A coffee I'LL TRY TO BE FRONT ROW for that. If you liked today, make sure to subscribe review or tell a friend in need of out this podcast by subscribing to that each and every episode gets delivered to your phone every Sunday morning you can also follow on twitter at Sunday scares and instagram which that Sunday dots carries or you can follow me both on twitter scrambled wilder freeze and remember always trim the wicks on your scented candles. See an excellent.