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Fact Check

True Mysteries of the Pacific Northwest

04:25 min | 3 months ago

Fact Check

"Welcome kiss myths and mysteries. I'm your host kid crumb. Today we live in a world of doublespeak gas lighting alternative facts. And this begs the question. How do you find the truth? Well deductive reasoning critical thinking. And fact checking out bear with me as I start off an illustration of all of this with the nursery rhyme ring around the rosie pocket full of posies ashes ashes. We all fall down. The word dark comes to mind when you think about it. The first three words ring around the Rosie refers to the sign of infection during the black plague. It was a bright green or yellow ring around a raised. Rats watch the next words pocket full of posies refers to the smell of the infected and how children fill their pockets with flowers to cover the smell. Finally the last words ashes ashes we all fall down. This refers to how the infected eventually drop dead and they were burned to keep the plague from spreading lol talk about dark and it would be if that were the true meaning of this nursery rhyme. But it's not fact. Check ring around. The Rosie is simply a nursery rhyme of undefined origin and no specific meaning and someone long after the fact concocted and invented explanation for its creation. The black plague was a disease. We call Vanek plague and it spread by bacillus usually carried by rodents and transmitted to humans by fleas. The played I hit Western Europe in Thirteen. Forty seven and by thirteen fifty. It had killed nearly a third of the European population. Although some of the details of the plague offered in this strange ring around the rosie poem explanation are reasonably accurate. Sneezing one of the symptoms of a form of pled for example and some people did use flowers incense and perfume oils to try and ward off the scent of the disease the notion that we were behind the creation of this nursery rhyme is extremely implausible for a number of reasons although foot glorious have been collecting and setting down in print. Bits of oral tradition such as Rhymes and fairy tales for hundreds of years. The earliest print appearance of ring around the Rosie did not occur until the publication of Kate. Greenaway's mother goose or the old nursery rhymes in eighteen. Eighty one for the plug explanation of ring around the Rosie to beat true. We have to believe that shoulder were reciting this nursery rhyme continuously for over five centuries yet not one person in that five hundred year span founded popular enough to merit writing down how anyone could credibly assert a rhyme which didn't appear in print until eighteen eighty one actually began in thirteen. Forty seven is a mystery if the rhyme were really this whole than ring around the Rosie antedates chaucer's Canterbury Tales and therefore we would have examples of this rhyme in middle English as well as modern English forms. We're talking about deductive reasoning gear ring around. The Rosie has many different variant forms which admit some of the plague references or clearly how nothing whatsoever to do with death or sees my point and taking a closer look at this nursery. Rhyme is to point out that something that appears to mean. One thing may actually mean something else entirely. Well that's good to know but how is it determined what is true and what is not one of the things. Aside from critical thinking. Reasonable deduction is back. Check in a world of alternative facts. It's important to look and listen with a critical eye on ear. And if that fails fact check this begs an example more relevant than a nursery. Rhyme could the twenty twenty. Us presidential election postponed. There's your question what's true. The date of the. Us presidential election could theoretically be postponed with the approval of Congress and the president. How ever such a postponement would be extremely difficult to achieve in time for the twenty twenty presidential election and not provide much leeway for voters. Now he can see not all answers are straightforward. But a good fact checker will spell

United States Vanek Western Europe Greenaway Canterbury Tales Kate Congress President Trump
"ash ash" Discussed on Power 106 FM

Power 106 FM

09:20 min | 5 months ago

"ash ash" Discussed on Power 106 FM

"On Monday coming from the heart Hey it has well on on Sunday afternoon and I want to thank her because moments like that it really hits different when you start thinking about while the possibility a you know we love to have fun in the cap on each other by that connection that we have together at the city I felt the yesterday so thank you to her and will always going to be here for you no matter what did you know an homage to the king and coming up and celebrity court seven twenty three of have some positive news all Colby surround yes but I also want to take everyone but even that no I want to discuss it with okay as what they think about all the NBA taking her love Hey in a difficult a lot it's a lot of changes and we want to hear your opinion and we're definitely going to try a seven twenty they can one one Los Angeles ash ash three hours six many of our brothers one one from the point no I'm trying to the other one poor signal for the in a moment she got a buddy named Jake yeah sorry right Donna tells you if you want you just rolled out of the game in cities women get right in the gag to make the the model right we got a even if it ain't so we he ranks Nick cannon mornings is going up seven thirty I got it I was leaving a match you can Melissa reveals that seven twenty one ring is that that that celebrity news positive this one all about colds and honoring is saluting the king and then of course right now go ahead and wake up somewhat we got in so one one of one of my homies hi you know what I mean if they become he knows what to say he's come out at some business goal goal by the combined composite yeah it's going up would he that we share the same name also you have another need going thank I think that's all right man I'm so that I hate all women playing which is still she you can win it's.

NBA Donna Melissa Colby Los Angeles Jake Nick cannon
"ash ash" Discussed on Power 106 FM

Power 106 FM

08:58 min | 6 months ago

"ash ash" Discussed on Power 106 FM

"Every couple coffee is ground fresh that means for a mouthwatering split second circle K. coffee is actually truly the freshest coffee in the world starting at a dollar one Los Angeles ash ash three hours six many this that is one from like I'm with the sprays it's already way this is young and may you better when we wake that at some earnings power windows down million was not the was that one on the part of the the he would tell me and John also that's a name Nancy so hesitant to even be thirty more right there these are to resume in the mix Melissa reveals hold it down I mean it's able are all about so I save save save you're going to say it on there not a and sometimes it is sometimes it is thirty but my new name guys here even if it is the four runner standing I am on a more runners Stein and baby off world every day I like the leg and you start sounding okay there because you know Shea who won thirty one hundred dollars with this match for cash this is this is big I was so excited I was jumping up and down and screaming could believe that she did it because no one has done a like almost all week so this is the mass of the we've been playing since Monday to everyone got wrong this what it initially sounded like I and chase you listen Hugh listen she paid attention to a shower got it right if he gets all the songs in case you couldn't this what the actual songs were the way he feels about those you know what even if you that still would have been able to get we don't even have a chance to play that at eight twenty eight twenty and right now yeah it was done all over we got a new one start at five hundred dollars you can win and it is that right now you can play somebody and we go to.

John Nancy Melissa Stein Shea Hugh Los Angeles
"ash ash" Discussed on 10 10 WINS

10 10 WINS

02:52 min | 10 months ago

"ash ash" Discussed on 10 10 WINS

"So is this a flex our bank of America wants to know what would you like the power to do I'm speaking with Larry to read a regional president from bank of America hearing the DMV thanks for coming you bet what do you do to take care of your employees the keeper Morton to be them and more people wanting to work for bank of America at bank of America has Mott business model of responsible growth we have to grow of course but we have to do it by managing risk serving the client we want to be a great place to work that includes compensation we just announced our minimum starting wage is going to go up from seventeen dollars an hour to twenty dollars an hour in two thousand twenty one we have a comprehensive health benefits we have sixteen weeks of paid family leave we offer twenty days a bereavement leave bank America is a great program called life event services where someone's going through a transition in their life whatever that happens to be so it's just the kinds of benefits to the drive in what we call responsible growth I like to think my guess let me to read it so what would you like to probably do find out a bank of America can help you a bank of America dot com stop by your local branch of a and sports desk you speak McCarthy write down of the giants defense is have a good day to real peppers with this pick sixes biggest moment as a giant and big blue leads washer to twenty forty three the D. limiting three turnovers by new York's offense to just three points for Washington Daniel Jones with a pair of interceptions but is otherwise been efficient nineteen of twenty five passing is also added thirty five rushing yards running back weight goal that is found the end zone twice once through the air at once on the ground twenty four three giants ahead end of the third quarter at MetLife stadium jets are on a bite today elsewhere around the NFL the paths lead the bills thirteen ten jeeps waiting at the truck twenty to thirteen writers up on the colts twenty four ten also twenty four ten brown to head of the ravens Chargers beating the winless dolphins twenty two ten Titans twenty four falcons ten and the Panthers and Texans are even at ten all those games at the end of the third quarter early for today the last day of baseball. as regular season just another tune up for the playoffs for the Yankees Chad green serving as opener with Masahiro Tanaka coming on a relay for the first time in his career there currently scoreless in the first inning coverage on WFAN FM the Mets closing out their season with the Braves also scoreless in the first Alonzo can add to his rookie record fifty three home runs he's batting second Noah Syndergaard Mike Soroka the pitching matchup begin here the broadcast on WCBS eight eighty elsewhere in baseball Joe matted will not return his cubs manager and the pirates dismiss manager Clint hurdle both could be candidates for the Mets if they move on from Mickey Callaway rockers fire said football coach Chris ash ash with eight and thirty two and three plus seasons to be scared away including wanted three this year ed gave one of the W. N. B. A. finals just underway mystics lead the Connecticut sun.

seventeen dollars twenty dollars sixteen weeks twenty days
"ash ash" Discussed on KNSS

KNSS

01:43 min | 10 months ago

"ash ash" Discussed on KNSS

"Investigators discovered a number of bullet holes in the house twenty five year old male a twenty three year old male and a four year old female were struck by gunfire all were transported to the hospital and they are currently in stable condition. at this time we do not believe that this was not a random incident and we are asking for the public's assistance anyone with information asked to call crime stoppers two six seven twenty one eleven or the see something say something line at five one one two two eight two. instruction is going well on Wichita's new multi use stadium says mayor Jeff long well in this stadium as maybe slightly ahead of schedule right now on their going to fit in grass in about Ole was three to four weeks delay the grass down the song for the field in four that'll really make it look like a baseball stadium at that point the stadium is scheduled to be open for business in the spring of next year long well commented during Monday's with the mayor all the Steven ten the morning show here on K. an ash ash more controversy over president trump's July twenty fifth call with route Ukraine's president president trump reportedly gave the order to free some US four hundred million dollars in military aid for Ukraine days before he allegedly press of cedar by phone to pro vice president Joe Biden democratic senator Chris Murphy who recently met with the country's leader telling NBC's meet the press he asked us what was going on with a why was it being with health is a department spokesperson we're gonna take is telling fox news and died it is the trump administration that has provided aid to Ukraine meanwhile during the Obama administration they sent blankets and good wishes meanwhile the White House is still weighing whether or not to publish the transcript of that call in Washington shall mantle fox news okay it is S. use time now six oh four.

Washington fox Chris Murphy senator Joe Biden president Steven Jeff long Wichita White House Obama administration NBC vice president US Ukraine trump Ole four hundred million dollars twenty three year
Exfoliation for the Nation

Birthday Skin

03:22 min | 10 months ago

Exfoliation for the Nation

"We communities for a long time yet. We haven't we charlie. I'm pretty sure I mentioned probably about now three months ago yeah a new kind of camp out so we didn't really day why do you nap solder explanation because of the US manual and you use acids a UH anyone now now at episode on explanation. We talk about explanation all the time. It would just be so sorry actually do wall amy. Why don't we do an episode on Explanation Nation. I was like you put me down to this and you like yeah. No budgets thinking it'd be good idea I use. I see this is exactly what a psyche such de Paul Hill Cimber Glenmont blanking Kambas like thank our side like my God an idea. I am am yea g collaborates onto skin. HQ But yeah a box relation if you haven't heard already I use manual news acid acids. Don't you so they'll kind of fifty fifty split in this up. Yes we all the perfect you in terms of this because I have very different preferences in very different reasons I would do when we don't like them. So you're going to go into manual like us. Do it safely how to make sure you're making the most money on exploration and then I'm going to do the same came with us today station because I knew its quite daunting. Say trying to kick it off and go in on the menu so there's a few different types types of manual m explanation so you obvious on his face gropes then you've got your leaf sponges you lose body. Bush's. You spoke about body bushes in the cellular episode. So do we yeah I. I'm more one four face scrub rather than using like yeah but if you you one of those people that used to absolutely they have sex dreams and SHAG. This is a precarious as some obsolete cold thing I've ever used it. I didn't know due at Manila Explanation Home Atip view though if you do not prefer face scrub and you would rather use like a funnel or funnel final or a body broker sean may your washing them what really regularly because you don't want to be recycled and not in con and then like near ashes ashes but Mingun if not but yet so I really like a face group and work on the uppermost layers of skin I may actually speed up your natural expiration nation bright which helps keep your skin soft and smooth and healthy. I also really liked the show immediate results so my face feels like a baby's bottom of drive yeah. I the only problem I find is that I just I think I get too carried away with them. When I was younger I used to go up so mental scrubbing urban indiscriminate scrub it and and it would sleep so red and roar and like a never actually lights the way my skin felt afterwards. say if you you need to kind of find a happy medium for you because you've got big groups like said Isaiah Komitch

Paul Hill Cimber Glenmont United States Manila Isaiah Komitch Kambas Bush Sean Mingun Three Months
Building an Amazon Private Label-Based Business

Amazing FBA

06:45 min | 10 months ago

Building an Amazon Private Label-Based Business

"Are in the middle of a ten part mini series as of episodes regarding the overall scaffolding the overall process you go through to build amazon private label based business which is not the same as the end result what it looked like but it's the price of how to get there in a way that is both realistic and also affordable minimizes. She's unnecessary. Unnecessary risks without adding unnecessary going around the houses right <hes> very instinct speaking earlier today about all of this and there's so much out there that kind of trains teaches people to jump from ages eight in one go which is we are all about the process of learning things at a micro level with retail charles something and learning from doing right and then you get that learn to review circle of life going which we'd so passionate about we know me how is the ending of the cost of these traditionally out so you can only do that if you do stuff right if you learn researchers have reach is and then do one big massive the of spying of thousands of dollars worth producing one go then you'll you'll risking a lot and not learning very much so we preferred again stages and the the inbetween arbitrage by you spend fifteen hundred bucks on something and the big picture of the big full private label onshore custom product launch is that sort of test order in the middle which is awkward and fiddly and difficult to get but can be done and we kind of specialize in finding ways of doing that and generally we find ways to test a product product launch in some form between about one thousand and fifteen hundred dollars for that rather than several thousand so that's more or less approach and that's just to recap on the steps today's step six we took him outsourcing and getting income sation with supplies and getting the physical products made for you just to quickly recap step one ba catholic multiple things things on just because somebody in two thousand fourteen manage to make one hundred thousand dollars a month with one product doesn't mean that you'll do the same two thousand nineteen or that's a good business model. I think you need to synthesize multiple businesses and what works and what doesn't work across the board into a business model. That's my philosophy anyway. You welcome to listen to that and decide for yourself for you or not not an but that's what we have to offer. I've never made millions on amazon but i have done selling myself kohl's quote substantial turnover of the as but olso synthesize things from focus from being a member of very exclusive private masterminds in london england and loss of british on some american some european sellers and then of course the masterminds that i run myself so between those things. That's what we're basing things on. The second step that we talked about already is from the guide by the way. I should tell you whether the guy they'll tell you in the second. The second step is arbitrage and learning from doing that not as a business model because i'm not a fan of that. It's not very scalable. It's certainly hard to scale is not very defensible harder to do you concrete a sellable asset in most cases. It's extra ryan so it's not retail tarsus a business model. It's a quick way to learn. A lot of skills and most people don't have the humility or the order. They're not taught to do it but if you actually just do you if you wanna make a million a year in three years time or something and a couple of almost my members have gone from scratch two million dollars a year revenue says entirely possible but why not just sell a ten pound widget or a ten dollar widget. There's nothing stopping you doing now and you'll learn a lot more doing that and it's very low risk so step. Three is the n._f._l. Purchase unleash source launch. That's the basic prices. Everybody teaches so nothing different here but that step four is about scaling up through different different levels of risk in different levels of skill which we've already talked about briefly step five to one before this is niche <hes> the how do you find winnable bull markets on amazon product research as it's also known market research so if you want to get the bill guide is broken down as developed by in conjunction without designer joanna wonderful outsource that we use in poland of all places to really smart people in eastern europe which is an amazing place to salsa certain things anyway guys be professionally professionally designed and i wrote it and then rewrote it with my coach so we put a lot of time and energy into make absorbable oh but powerful full you just amazing f._d._a. Dot com for such bills. That's amazing f for freddie beef thirty eight thousand four dot com for slash build b. a u. I l d so. That's why you're gonna get the p._d._f. So to cover this topic then <hes> the six steps sourcing prophets and quality. Those are the two main things you're looking for of course those two. Things can be a lot of tension with each other right so you're you if your product isn't good enough quality then you is not going to sell it well it looks horrible and photos all in some ways worse you'll manage to make sales but then you get terrible reviews from people because they'll be disappointed in the product quality in some form and qualities and instincts will discuss what does quality mean the other thing of course is that you've got to make a profit and of course people would generally pay more money for something they perceive as quality but as discussing with somebody who phoned in today normally arts the phone just just become sometimes called me this number on the website and if you get hold of me if i'm free allowance rate from one of my team will start to answer these days. We're discussing exactly that problem because the other thing if you've got great quality products you pay more money for it. That's fine but then the question is. Can you get that price in the marketplace and still sell at a reasonable selling volume and sell out of profit right right so this is always the tension you can never fully magic that promo away but you can work with in an intelligent way so the first critical predator sourcing is define what you're looking for. I pay <hes> speaking with ash manga recently of amex sourcing his ashes ashes originally <hes> she missed full name is from india originally but studied in business in the u._k. For years before then heading off to china <hes> while he'd never the being before because he he knew that that's why he done momma selling that's why the sourcing was happening and that was where the game was being played to head off from scratch to set up a sourcing agency which is very money for i believe nine years now so amazing the entrepreneurial guy very meticulous about product quality quality written all over everything he does and he said to interviewed him recently in the tank electric cost which you can check out by if you're in a cost just put intend k. and collective c._o. L. e. c. t. i v. e. Or you can engaged the the block for that ten k collective dot

Amazon London Ryan Europe India China Freddie L. E. C. England Joanna Poland One Hundred Thousand Dollars Fifteen Hundred Dollars Two Million Dollars Three Years Nine Years Ten Dollar Ten Pound Ten K
"ash ash" Discussed on Giant Bombcast

Giant Bombcast

01:57 min | 11 months ago

"ash ash" Discussed on Giant Bombcast

"Oh yeah next rallied and they say it's coming up next summer. I mean it can't happen because solo got brought in ron howard for the last ten fifteen percent of it and they still hit their release date then like it hasn't even started principal shooting it right. This is not at all five is well. What what is it what's wrong. Something wrong babies. Tom holland. Maybe it's like terrible budget video game movies tend to get really budgets because they just have like oh. We've got that bubble audience and then <hes> adam. What was the last big one probably probably the worst clank was that before or after need for speed think it was after okay yeah now i forgot that movie has video games record ralph technically one jason's jason no detector pekar to allocate that was a banger. I count my kind of follows the plot of the d._s. All right fair is the movie like four hundred hours story real quick. They put out a a trailer revealing all the remaining fighters eleven. What do they call it. Oh that's funny. A girl shoes off okay wait. Am i not alone. Oh no you are not. I was out of town. I missed the reaction but i saw the trailer and i was like i the cabinet. Ashish like chainsaw sounds caesar and he tweeted this cable like albans said flat out on twitter that he was involved with the game. I forgot about the arnie's in this one so maybe they've they've got a shock so they're good then yeah but yeah that's eight hundred was the other part of the terminator and ash ashes terminator spaw spawned insurer..

jason albans ron howard Tom holland principal twitter pekar ten fifteen percent four hundred hours
Papua New Guinea Volcano Forces 15K Evacuations

Financial Issues with Dan Celia

00:18 sec | 1 year ago

Papua New Guinea Volcano Forces 15K Evacuations

"Tens of thousands of evacuating an area surrounding a volcano one time for a new beginning after several eruptions eruptions which which began began last last Wednesday Wednesday have have said said volcanic volcanic ash ash racing racing down down the the slope slope no no casualties casualties reported reported but but the the eruptions eruptions have have destroyed destroyed plantations plantations and and wells wells living villagers without food and water

"ash ash" Discussed on The BBQ Central Show

The BBQ Central Show

10:01 min | 1 year ago

"ash ash" Discussed on The BBQ Central Show

"This is this episode seventy eight. It comes from June the fifth two thousand twelve per segment today rich robin owner of gator pits. He's into give you some advice on pit maintenance and season in that new pick up the first time second segment today <music> a beat head from amazing ribs dot com and what could be the hardcore genesis of the conversation between Greg and meet head. Is it barbecue or is it grilling. Let's get to it first up. Here's rich Robin and Greg from June two thousand twelve redrawn joining us here on the show I read so let's say you have one is what we wanted to talk about tonight. I was getting a lot of questions about offset pit maintenance and things that you need to do to make sure that you're keeping in mind and proper running order you know once I get it from Houston here to Cleveland you always hear people got a season the pit you gotTa do a burn into you know eliminate any chemicals or bubble by whatever the case may be so when you get that first pit it going. What's the best way to break it? Okay gator pits all maywood new still on. I emphasize that we don't use any use use use materials whatsoever in the manufacturing of our products all brand new pipe <hes> all brand new structural steel bill so what what's in there in the steel is gonNA is coming directly from the manufacturer <hes> Still Company so typically what you do when you buy cooker is you're gonna all cooking. All you can use peanut oil canola all they have a harvest viscosity heat they <hes> <hes> you can use if he won't you can go to Walmart and Bazi great value cheap oil because what you're GONNA do. You're cutting the interior of the pit with it. You WanNa fill the pores that with the cooking all you want to put a small a fire in the fire box and you WANNA gradually work it up to temperature because you've got a brand new pit its version Pitt <hes> you're GONNA have expansion and contraction of the steel you gotta break it in a little bit so to speak and you also WanNa season it so that you do burn greg. Could you said the oils that are using manufacturer of cutting and all that <hes> not only from the meal that comes from but also from us working and doing what we do to turn that role steel into a barbecue pit so you need to burn that out. There's nothing in our in in gator pits. That is GonNa hurt you. If you don't do that and you immediately but you're GONNA WANNA see at first because if you don't you're going to be evaporating oils and all that they come from the meals that was going to boil out of the out of the steel out of the fours you know and it's just GonNa make for your meet. The first time you on it is just not going to taste that great so you season it. You burn that out you replace that with good cooking oil <hes> then soaks into the pores in the more you cook on the pits the better the cooking gets <hes> and it's really that simple retry seasoning a cast cast iron pot or cast iron skillet if anyone's familiar with doing that yeah absolutely same thing and you don't ever strip it down to the bare metal. If you cook on nor nor would you do that to a cash on Potter skillet you rented out with soap and water <hes> as far as the cast iron pot the same pit you leave the seasoning in there. You don't want to strip it. Everything you'd never never want to strip it down to the bare metal again because if you do then you gotta receiving again so you just want to keep the oils in the air you wanNA keep the meat juices on the greats all that help season the pit. It minimizes the rusting on the interior especially in dry climates where you have no humidity <hes> and and and you don't want to Piss the pit the rust they outside from jumping going Greg. Tell me I'll stop <hes> but the outside you you want to count that as well. They're not gonNA PEOPLE ARE GONNA say. I can't believe you just said this takes you outside of your escorted with W._d.. Forty coat it down with W._d.. Forty and spread it out with the cotton cloth rag and lubricate the extra the pit not the inside. I want to emphasize not the inside of the pit. That's cooking oil. There's there is a difference but the outside the reason I recommend w forty is because it's not oily and it's also a lubricant water that hits. It's GonNa roll off like water ducks back back <hes> it's GonNa lubricate your hinges. <hes> and it's not gonNA track pollen and dust and all that and and get nasty if you if you want to you can use cooking oil to do that but keep in mind you better be able to fire into it and you'd better burn it a few times to draw that cooking oil on the outside because if you don't you will get the dust and the pollen and everything else that's outside floating around in the win. That's GonNa stick to your pit and when you fired up it's going to stay in that bit because it's making an oil rig driving joining us here on the show. We're talking about some offset. PIT maintenance ain't Jamaica about this. Let's say you know I have one. Obviously we have a lot of climate change here in Cleveland so we're getting you know winter. Spring Fall is stuff so there's constant expansion contraction of the metal. Maybe I'm not going to use it as much during the wintertime as I would food during the warmer months because he's going to be half the ten to fire with the offset pits so let's say I get some rust on the outside of the fire box that necessarily the main chamber but obviously there's going to be a little bit more apt to to rush the fire box because it's the hottest part of the pit. How do I wanNA take care of that rust properly and is it something that you're just going to constantly contend with do not even want to consider repainting over it after it chips off the first time okay what's going to happen on that is far Urbach is GonNa be the first place is gonNA show exactly what you're talking about rig and it's not that the paint manufacturers using high heat barbecue black paint or high heat paint? It's not that the paint can't handle the the heat <hes> we use a thousand greer stolen brand paint <hes> it can handle it two thousand degrees but like you mentioned earlier you have expansion contraction steal a newark. It's going to expand and contract quicker <hes> until it actually starts to break in after several cooks so that expanding contraction. There's GONNA be minimized so if you want to wait and cook on your pit give it about six months breaking in period then you can come back and touch up paint and you're GonNa do it less frequently than if you start from the get go and say after the third cook some of your paint came off the fire box and typically. It's going to be at the very top because that is the greatest expansion areas that is the center of the fire box at the top <hes> and that's going to be in the square box pipe box. It doesn't matter that's where the most concentrated center of the top of the fire box give it awhile then come back and get your the light sanding <hes> sanding disc. Get your war wheel on a grinder and then just just take off the surface rust. If you do it and you don't let the get too bad with the surface rust I can ask you just take her out for the with the pressure sprayer. If you've ever pressure for SOPA watered knocks it right off of the pressures for then you come back and you can use a little acetone and take off the remaining surface rust and any grease. That's on there with some acetone and as soon soon as you do that come back and hit it again with your paint if you if you happen to have a compressor sprayer that's the best way to do it. If not you can buy Aerosol type <hes> high heat black <hes> Russell Brand Krylov and you have several manufacturer in fact there are so faint they have several manufacturer that you can buy in Aerosol spray can if you don't have the convenience of a car sprayer or a compressor to do it so there's ways and you can roll it on as well I would recommend a sponge will or not a paintbrush but it's fundraiser <hes>. <hes> it comes out smooth. It doesn't the birthmark Senate <hes> against it's the sponge that you can use to do that. <hes> that's GonNa put it on a thicker coat but you want to do multiple layers if you don't do multiple layers defeating the purpose and you're just wasting your time you WanNa be patient. <hes> <hes> get the surfer stall degrasse it and then hit it immediately with your paint your new paint all right rich. Let me ask you this question too because every once in a while I've seen and I had it happen with my offset pit when I had it. There was a little bit of rust the bottom of the pipe on the inside so is it a I'm sure it's not a similar process not going to be repainting the inside but there has to be a way for you to kind of get away at that Russ and the kind of research and the inside as well right well. What do you don't WanNA put cooking <music> only insider season the inside of your box okay? That's a whole different different chamber than what Your Food Chamber. You're smoked cameras where you goes to separate boxes so if you had that built up law that just smoke residue believe it or not I it's not rust <hes> <hes> it it it. It could be just depending on whether or not you're maintaining that box. After each cook one of the worst things you can do to a barbecue pit and it doesn't matter gator pit or who manufactured the worst thing to do is to leave Ash ash burnt ash down into the bottom of the box because what happens is that ash accumulates and all the corners of the fire box square power boxes require a little more T._l._C. to maintaining had longevity because you have all the colours at the base and it's a flat surface at the bottom item that asked gets in all those corners and it's hard to get out <hes> and what happens is ash will try humidity morning. Do it gets wet and wouldn't ask it's wet. It gets extremely sick so what that does is. It starts eating at the walls also in the will to the pit so the pie boxes far boxes pros and cons pipe box less maintenance. It's GonNa last you a little longer <hes> if you if you keep it cleaned out and you maintain the pipe box you should never have to replace a pipe box the square boxes you know require a little more maintenance but again you shouldn't replace the the square far box either if if you give a little more T._l._C. to it and keep it cleaned out so the ashes extremely cynical detracts morning moisture <hes> in most people to be honest they don't clean the fire boxes out until they're cooking on it again the next month or the next two weeks so during that week or that four weeks it's just sitting there tearing that far bucks. It's a cancer in the fire box. which is what you don't want your pit so you're far boxes aren't burning in and out guys what they're doing is they're rusting out getting eaten up by the city of the Ash retreive and joining us here on the show again the website gator pit dot net? If you WANNA go ahead and take a look and then potentially place in order to put in your request for.

Greg Cleveland Ash retreive Robin Walmart Houston Russell Brand Krylov Jamaica Pitt Your Food Chamber Urbach greer Senate Russ Bazi newark two thousand degrees four weeks
"ash ash" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins

Timesuck with Dan Cummins

03:10 min | 1 year ago

"ash ash" Discussed on Timesuck with Dan Cummins

"Army the plague dramatically entered Europe via attributing. Plague infected corpses catapulted over the city walls of kaffa like something out of a Monty python sketch. I was for an entrance fire the Greg load. The Chuck aim the Chuck file the Chuck number four the plague didn't just hit Europe in the fourteenth century. See also, devastated Africa and Asia knocked populations back so deeply take two centuries for the world fully recover, number five new info, the ring around the Rosie nursery rhyme a song, you probably know very well probably saying it as a kid. I did comes from the plague according to many the classic rhyme ring around the Rosie may originate from the play full disclosure. The jury is still out on this one from what I can tell it seems like about half of historians and folklorist think that this rhyme has to do with the plague and they have a ton of other possibilities too boring and very dimension here. And frankly, none of them sounded that real to me or likely the other half do seem to agree that the the rhyme does originate with the plague the most popular. Version of the rhyme at least in modern day, America goes like this ring around the rosy pocket full of posies ashes ashes we all fall down. I remember thinking that Donald McGrath, Betty when I was little planet in the art like three or four little and then dropped my but on the on the ground and just giggling, my last off turns out, it's not a real funny. Diddy ring around a rosy may refer to swollen lymph nodes with the red rosy rash around them one of the symptoms, as you know of the plague pocketful of posies may refer to the posies verbs little small bundles of herbs and flowers that were carried around by those still not ill to ward off the smell bodies in the homes. The dead were burned to try and rid the streets of the infection. Hence the line ashes ashes or in the British version of the rhyme. You'll British version that line would read a Choo Choo which could refer to the sneezing and coffee, and it was one of the final symptoms of pneumonic form of the Z's. You know, the worst version of how it spread. The apocalyptic nature of the plague is felt in the final line. We all fall down representing people just literally dropping dead from the plague time. By away. The black death has been sucked. Boob on a plague. It's been sucked few place. You sucked preview the times, man. I live in so much more right now. So my doctors and where scary ass double bird mask. So glad is one to rub shit my wounds or have you drink pays Remmy, stick a fucking Pige to my arm. Some glad I'm not watching half. Or more of everyone of ever known died a matter of weeks. Happy to not watch maniacs whip themselves in the town square. Actually, wait, I'm gonna stop there. The last thing would be some a plus top shelf people watching whenever they think about it. I would not mind watching maniacs whip themselves and sing songs and step over each other in a town square that actually be just grab a coffee. You know, sitting on the bench and just kind of enjoy the show. Thank you to the time. So team. Thank you to you listeners for listening to another episode. Thanks time suckers in space. There's thanks also to queens, suck Lindsey Cummins high priestess, the suck harmony village camp Jesse guarding.

Plague Europe Chuck Greg load Lindsey Cummins Africa sneezing Donald McGrath Remmy America Asia Betty two centuries
"ash ash" Discussed on The Rack Radio Show

The Rack Radio Show

04:21 min | 1 year ago

"ash ash" Discussed on The Rack Radio Show

"And so it's like by removing the top tier now, it's like everybody kind of falls into the tag in the I c divisions. And it's suffering because of that you need that you need the universal championship back on TV. It's time for it to come home to raw eight would be more interesting with Finnish champion than Brock plus plus within winning and then going to Meinie with this because I would not have to touch it all at the Twitter pay per view between rumble in mania. I would hold that for mania. And that's when you have the demon show up. The only other way is brought like Brock loses by disqualification. And then they re book the match for mania in death. When the demon shows up GMs very logical Brock listeners walking out universal chip and wanna do. Demon. I'm going back. Just go with them. Go go Finn. I have to go within just because my heart wants it so much we'll thin Baylor. Win the universal championship on Sunday guy Damon eight ball, it's don't count on. It. You betraying you lying hor. How dare you betray me go to your room? All right. So here's the match that I'm have keen interest in the men's Royal rumble aka there, better be a God Colt leader in this match. So help me God because as somebody very kindly did the worst break him in chat. He's been missing for for five months. Eleven days, thirty seven minutes, and the point that point is twenty one seconds. But it's probably more than that by now, it's time for him to come back to TV. It's time for him to be injected back into the product. And so help me God you've been waiting for months for the. Right moment to bring him back. You're you even if for five seconds, which eventually should be more like a minute, but still he should be back at the rumble. If they don't bring him back at the rumble. I'm probably gonna get on the internet and scream about it like other people, and they won't care because it's a person screaming on the internet. But that's really all I care about in this match is if ROY at shows up for the record dimmer predictions on while tat ash ash, I do not have the mouth of along Shormon. I have the mouth of a very well educated. Sailor pros, visit withdrew run awhile to come. I write Wyatt surprise enter in this meant of coming in a number twenty five you come in number twenty one number in the in the in the throwing twenty one or twenty five twenty one twenty one. I mean, he could come. No, you're twenty two. Twenty one. Yeah. You're right. Tweet one. Looking into different numbers Robinson fines by what your number twenty in the rumble that you number for the two rumble twenty two he could come in twenty one can twins. Not a lot of candidates for this spot the real yard like. Say that really hot. When it all comes down to it. They're really are lot returning car wins for the Levin vote. I has been car coming in in this measure up. I really enjoy them. And despite not having many choices the win that's gonna be really fun. Magid, usually as there's no big dog to over see this rumble, and sort of caused panic for people like he has done every year for last six years. So they'll be fine. I have an idea wins. But I also see them pulling us worth. Okay. I believe Seth Rollins is winning. But I can also see them saying, SAFA liens and have Mustafa Leander Biden wrestlemainia be okay with that that sort of where man onus what about as much as I would love to see Seth when the rumble. I feel like you need to do something unexpected and do something like give must off of the wind. Just because it's like one it sets up the smackdown title. You don't have to worry about it into something new. It's different. It's fresh. It's not expected. I don't think anybody's like were sitting here talking about it now. But it's like, hey, yo have Mustafa Ali when the rumble and goes out to anywhere on. He's like, hey, do let's go and could Mustafa Ali when the title wrestlemainia..

Mustafa Ali Brock Seth Rollins Mustafa Leander Biden Twitter Meinie Finn Baylor Damon Wyatt Magid ROY Levin Robinson SAFA Shormon thirty seven minutes twenty one seconds five seconds
"ash ash" Discussed on KNSS

KNSS

02:00 min | 1 year ago

"ash ash" Discussed on KNSS

"On a bloody rampage in southern California. Hundreds of people gathered Thursday night at a vigil to remember the. A dozen people shot by twenty eight year old Ian long one night earlier that the pact borderline bar and grill in Thousand Oaks, the US department of agriculture says farmers are expected to harvest the largest soybean crop on record but must deal with a constricted market in which to sell the crop. Because of President Trump's the tariff battle with China in its latest update released Thursday, the USDA places the expected soybean harvest at four point six billion bushels the largest ever Illinois leads soybean production with six hundred eighty eight million bushels and Iowa's second selling. Soybeans to China has nearly halted with the tariff dispute resulting in a growing stockpile and the lowest prices for farmers in more than a decade corn production is estimated at fourteen point six billion bushels the second largest crop on record Iowa remains the nation's leading corn producer with an expected two and a half billion bushels. Dan, O'Neill can assess news the Kansas food Bank in Wichita operates across most of the. State except for the northeast corner of Kansas food, Bank, president Brian Walker tells Kansas asked us they're helping to feed many people it's about two hundred and fifteen thousand unduplicated every year. You know, we provide enough food for about nine and a half million meals a year that's nine and a half million meals. So far this year. Final total. We'll be more than twelve million. Ryan Walker is our guest this weekend on issues twenty eighteen Sunday morning at eight on Cayenne ash, ash, partly cloudy, breezy and cool today with a high of thirty six degrees. KNX asked news now, I'm Steve McIntosh. So we get up every day and we arise to descend. Rush limbaugh. We look at things and people that we admire or like under. Attack. Fender of conservatism. And as we stand and rise to defend fields..

Kansas food Bank president USDA China Kansas Iowa Ryan Walker Thousand Oaks Rush limbaugh California Steve McIntosh Brian Walker Ian Trump Illinois Cayenne KNX Wichita producer Dan
"ash ash" Discussed on WDRC

WDRC

02:15 min | 2 years ago

"ash ash" Discussed on WDRC

"He had gone for a conference in ireland at an old castle dating back to the i dunno middle ages and he said the there was no indoor plumbing so all males had to go down into the basement where there was a thing called a peeing wall which had been used for centuries to relieve themselves the way people do been doing it for centuries and he's he was such a curious mind this man with narcolepsy that as he was doing you know that thing he looked at the wall and he sore like strange growths on it from you know the the centuries down there in the basement and being curious scientist of a type that doesn't exist anymore he thought wow that's an unusual organism he never saw he thought it was and this is without a mac magnifying so he went and got his equipment or whatever it was and he got he cultivates the he took a piece of it with him got out a little cod connor put it in cultivated turned out it was a new organism to science never before a discovered i thought that was very very interesting story about what science really should be but scientists no longer that talk radio is exactly akin to that kind of scientists compared to what is going on today stale stereo mono dimensional boring you can get narcolepsy in science today and that's what i'm trying to tell you is i refuse to get narcolepsy talking about you know the daily news events celebrities freak after trump kohl's ms thirteen gangsters animals they call him a dehumanizing nazi big monster this is what you're going to vote for they make it into news he never said it so you wanna involve yourself with god bless you you can do that all day long and you and you can make false outrage to you could scream you can yell you can scream the left is this the left the right is that what's going on with hawaii with the explosions ashes ashes to ashes and dust to dust biblical big island killilea great ireland beautiful cattle ranchers snow i almost bought a house there forty years ago.

ireland scientist kohl hawaii forty years
"ash ash" Discussed on KOMO

KOMO

01:46 min | 2 years ago

"ash ash" Discussed on KOMO

"Resignation i know you don't believe in climate change but a storm common baby appearance did not go unnoticed by the president's legal team giuliani accused daniels of trying to make a fame off of this case and not to mention some money as well after last week's uproar involving giuliani the president came out and publicly undercut his new attorney saying that he didn't have as fact street abc's cecilia vega with the latest kellaway volcano in hawaii continue shooting lava into the air abc's marci gonzales reports several homes have been destroyed the love of flow is blocking streets ominous line of lubbock losing in sending woody key high nelson's childhood home up in flames still shock in the memories seeing this photos in my head of me and my father and my backyard knowledge coveting ten feet of level he and his family among the eighteen hundred people forced to evacuate from two neighborhoods here on hawaii's big island homes have already burned down as to new fishers of opened in the ground sporting molten walk as high as two hundred thirty feet in the air nelson came back hoping to be among the hundreds allowed back into pick up belongings learning he was to lead others told they can't return because of the other lingering thread the gas levels too high chris clubs to return home and with one of the new fissures opening just feet away he worries time is running out you finally do get home what we find ashes ashes residents bracing for that gut wrenching reality and the possibility this may just be the beginning abc's marci gonzales komo news time six twenty.

president daniels attorney cecilia vega kellaway volcano hawaii lubbock nelson abc marci gonzales giuliani two hundred thirty feet ten feet
"ash ash" Discussed on WGN Radio

WGN Radio

02:16 min | 2 years ago

"ash ash" Discussed on WGN Radio

"Information in friday's shooting david jennings wgn new fire that killed two brothers now blamed on smoking mature oriels eightyearold yeah hell and threeyearold yet del vino died in the fire to other people including the children's father were injured her grandmother elizabeth ortiz says their father giovanni tried to save the boys but couldn't make fun smelters smoke he'll opened the door he opened the toy perfect faith when all those people to to other family members remained critical condition as hawaii's killa way of al kaneohe releases more llamas some of the nearly two thousand people evacuated allowed to briefly return home to retrieve important belongings abc's marci gonzales reporting gas levels too high for chris clubs to return home he worries time is running out when you finally do get that home but we find ashes ashes residents bracing for that gut wrenching reality and the possibility this may just be the beginning abc's marci gonzalez in hawaii officials now say more than two dozen structures have been destroyed ahead of the proposed summit between president trump and north korean leader kim jong linda routine accusing the white house of quote ruining the mood details from abc's jennifer eccleston at the foreign desk in london north korea accusing the trump administration of a dangerous attempt to ruin warming relations on the korean peninsula it's foreign ministry rebuking washington for quote misleading claims that so called sanctions and pressure are bringing them to the negotiating table warning the us not to miscalculate peace overtures as a sign of weakness abc's jennifer eccleston we'll chicago have another candidate for mayor rajoy the lieutenant governor candidate and chris kennedy's gubernatorial campaign says he'll tell us if he's running by the end of the week choi says organizing people to get involved one of his biggest goals i'm eager to build a movement i in this city that's multiracial multigenerational multiethnic a true rainbow coalition that's fighting for civic and social change android was guest.

kaneohe chris kennedy chicago london kim jong president marci gonzalez marci gonzales elizabeth ortiz david jennings choi washington north korea jennifer eccleston abc hawaii
"ash ash" Discussed on Science in Action

Science in Action

02:16 min | 2 years ago

"ash ash" Discussed on Science in Action

"That's very interesting just the richness as it were of the species of the pathogen in japan means there could be other genes which would threaten the last five percent in europe i mean do you know what those actual genes are or is that just the guesswork this smullen we don't necessarily know all of the genes there's a classic jeans cool defectors which are the genes the pathogens used to modulate their hosts so it's a two main things i guess they do so one is a suppressed immune system because applaud would normally respond by producing hydroxide in an area and killed cells and the pathogen and you get these little black or brown spots but so sterilized but also other types of molecules it uses to change the behavior of the plant so it might make it but use more energy for it all suppress other types of activity so is it really just a matter of time is inevitable to thing that we may see further spoils brought into the into europe so we hope not because your opinion and britain of put restrictions on the trade in ash ash wood products from outside of europe the hopefully that will help stop some of these pathogens coming in part of our study suggested that really right there because there was at one point talk of releasing the restrictions because we already have the disease there was a failing the we couldn't get any worse they definitely we think it can we've seen this obviously with the ashtray in the past is being elm with international trade and the kind of diversity of benign pathogens you'll saying we find in parts of the world which is going to see more and more of this over the coming decades i guess yeah we keep seeing it and it seems more more likely as amount of trade goes up i mean this asia japan to britain to very developed countries that might be other types of pathogens in less accessed areas we should being opened up at the moment that make it more diseases oversee two plans but we know that we also see this in diseases going from animals to humans as well matthew clock finally from the dangers of forests to dark forces stirring beneath the ocean waves let's call it the thrill of the krill crew off small shrimp like but they're also a bundy.

asia japan europe britain five percent
"ash ash" Discussed on WLS-AM 890

WLS-AM 890

01:36 min | 2 years ago

"ash ash" Discussed on WLS-AM 890

"Ashes into the hands of an unnamed eagles players boorda's grandfather's ashes into the hands of an unnamed eagles player during the super bowl parade i heard steve wondered about where he might be scattered maybe if the bears when we can mitch live at fifty two forty five ashes ashes we all drive right jennifer sure cata creep yeah that is yeah that you know ashes ashes right clever i know that's what you want us to say so we'll say edens put the ashes and the guy's hands weird right philly feds sixteen minutes out to lake k cup your hands really wants to evens out to lake cook sixteen inbound from lake cook to the junction twenty the kennedy out the junction twenty two o'hare thirty six inbound o'hare downtown fortyfive junction in thirty eisenhower out to wolf at forty two thorndale fifty inbound from thorndale to downtown forty two wolf in twentyfive five stevenson out to the tristate forty out to the veterans toll fifty five inbound from the veterans toll forty these stevenson out from the tristate to the ryan inbound is twenty five dan ryan ninety fifth to twentysix inbound twentyfive.

steve edens lake cook kennedy fortyfive junction thorndale eagles mitch philly lake k ryan sixteen minutes ninety fifth
"ash ash" Discussed on KKOB 770 AM

KKOB 770 AM

02:30 min | 2 years ago

"ash ash" Discussed on KKOB 770 AM

"Oh yeah i have a bomb in my office it's true a nice listener gave gave me a bum and it looks like five it's it's not really five sticks of dynamite but it looks like it with a clock on a plaque and stuff it's very nice achmad the clock boy award of sorts mohammed was suspended for three days but the charges against him were later dropped they shouldn't have been the federal lawsuit was filed by mohammad father in august of two thousand sixteen now there's a lot going on with this akkhmed the clock boy family i think they moved to alqaeda stan and joined the jihad but i'm not sure the dad has some ties to some unsavory figures they moved out of the country you remember barack obama invited him to the white house because he's a little terrorist in training who was seeking to terrorize kids at the school was funny little joke now now there was no bomb in it and he's a kid everybody brought a thing that looks exactly like a bomb he knew it looked like a bomb he made it to look like a bomb he provoked the situation and when people responded then he played victim and then they sued everybody in any event the judge threw it out and said who are you kidding get out of my courtroom i just made up the last part but that's pretty much what happened according to the dallas news i think it's the dallas morning news and maybe it's the dallas news city of irving said in a statement wednesday that they are extremely pleased by the court's ruling which supports the justifiable actions taken by the officers in the matter we remain committed to ensuring the safety of all irving residents and school children so we have that going for us your barack obama invited him to the white house and there's a picture of barack obama with akhmed the bomb boy ashes ashes we all blow up and then he got what are they getting they get a free a free ride through mit the mess chusetts guzzanti institute of technology you know goodwill hunting and all that stuff they give because he's such a genius that he could use a phillips head screwdriver disassemble a radio shack clock make it look like a bomb in a case so he he was offered a.

stan barack obama dallas morning news white house mohammed alqaeda dallas irving chusetts guzzanti institute of three days
"ash ash" Discussed on WLS-AM 890

WLS-AM 890

02:26 min | 2 years ago

"ash ash" Discussed on WLS-AM 890

"Oh yeah i have a bomb in my office it's true a nice listener gave gave me a bump and it looks like five it's not really five sticks of dynamite but it looks like it with a clock on a on a plaque and stuff it's very nice the clock boy award of sorts mohammed was suspended for three days but the charges against him were later dropped they shouldn't have been the federal lawsuit was filed by muhammed's father in august of two thousand sixteen now there's a lot going on with this augmented the clock boy family i think they moved to alqaeda stan and joined the jihad but i'm not sure the dad has some ties to some unsavory figures they moved out of the country you remember barack obama invited him to the white house because he's a little terrorist in training who was seeking to terrorize kids at the school was funny little joke now now there was no bomb minute and he's a kid everybody brought a thing that looks exactly like he knew it looked like a bomb he made it to look like about he provoked the situation and when people responded then he played victim and then they sued everybody in any event the judge threw it out and said who are you kidding get out of my courtroom i just made up the last part but that's pretty much what happened according to the dallas news i think it's the dallas morning news and maybe it's the dallas news city of irving said in a statement wednesday that they are extremely pleased by the court's ruling which supports the justifiable actions taken by the officers in the matter we remain committed to ensuring the safety of all irving residents and school children so we have that going for us your brock obama invited him to the white house and there's a picture of barack obama with akhmed the bomb boy ashes ashes we all blow up and then he got what are they give they give them a free a free ride through mit the mass shooter gaza anti institute of technology goodwill hunting and all that stuff they because he's such a genius that he could use a phillips head screwdriver disassemble a radio shack clock make it look like a bomb in a case so he he was offered a free ride to mit this is how crazy.

stan barack obama dallas morning news white house mohammed muhammed alqaeda dallas irving mit three days
"ash ash" Discussed on KOA 850 AM

KOA 850 AM

02:26 min | 3 years ago

"ash ash" Discussed on KOA 850 AM

"By that i mean if governments were not involved it in activities of other countries or wherever that terrorism probably would not occur when i think terrorism particularly the kind that affected a affected us like isis al qaeda rush because of the bad decisions states including us so look at uh alqaeda combined air rises of ash ashes of the afghanistan war uh involving the soviet union um look at isis it arises and the power vacuum during the syrian civil war in northern iraq because we withdrew troops at the end of the iraq war uh also other countries i think help their sustained some of these terrorist movements uh so some of the things these terrorist groups are doing our because they've been out by states are so states which he supporting tests hoops as an advantage so i i i am sorry i wish i did buy i have to say i agree with part of your diagnosis of the problem and if we did not go into iraq when we did with the weapons of mass destruction which they never filed if we did not go into arrack would we be having this kwok meyer would we you know would we have this kind of bitterness and hatred toward us would that continue you know i think we could not have a good debate about whether going into iraq in the first place was the right decision but i do think that the occupation the way we paid hit turn a lotta people against us i i would have preferred that we had turned the country over to somebody else in the country who wasn't saddam hussein and then lect quickly rather than stay for the long term i do think thing for the longterm cost us to suffer more casual peace and also i think it turned much of the population in the region against us and so that was uh that was unfortunately i do think i i still believe this saddam hussein had to go but i don't think we needed to stay for as long as we did our we may have set him up though you know a couple things i'm you know i'm middle eastern so i've i've studied it'll quite a bit and you know rumsfeld was there shaking his hand reagan sent him there a long time ago.

power vacuum civil war iraq kwok meyer saddam hussein rumsfeld reagan al qaeda afghanistan weapons of mass destruction